IAeANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?i. ?.?.IA*IEEIAA

Iena/ei Aiaoie?e ?aaiiae/

OAeE 947.77:008:37, “1900-1914”

OE?A?INUeEEE EOEUeOO?II-INA?OI?E ?OO

IA I?AAeI? OE?A?IE.

(1900-1914 ??.)

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 07.00.01. – ?noi??y Oe?a?ie

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai

nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe.

Iaeana-1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? ?noi??? Oe?a?ie

Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.?.?.Ia/ieeiaa.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – eaiae. ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, No?ae TH??e ?aaiiae/

aeioeaio eaoaae?e ?noi??? Oe?a?ie

Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe – aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe,

Eanueyiia Aai?a?e Aieiaeeie?iae/

i?ia?aeiee ni?a?ia?oiee ?inoeoooo ?noi??? IAI Oe?a?ie

eaiae. ?noi?e/ieo iaoe,

Nooei Aiaoie?e ?aaiiae/

aeioeaio eaoaae?e nioe?aeueieo oai??e

Iaeanueei? aea?aeaaii? th?eaee/ii? aeaaeai??

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao.

I?i?noa?noai Ina?oe Oe?a?ie. i.
Aeiiaoeuee.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “14” aa?aniy 1999 ?. i 14 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 41.051.08 Iaeanueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.?.?.Ia/ieeiaa ca aae?anith:

270057, i.Iaeana, aoe.Uaie?ia, 12. aoae. 9.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe? Iaeanueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.?.?.Ia/ieeiaa ca aae?anith:

270100 i.Iaeana, aoe.I?aia?aaeainueea, 24.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii 13 na?iiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiae. ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio A.E.Eicianueeee

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/a?oueny oei, ui aeey
no/anii? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee aaaeeeaei ? anaa?/ia c’ynoaaiiy i?noey e ?ie?
eoeueoo?ii-ina?oiueiai ?ooo o aecaieueieo ciaaaiiyo oe?a?inueeiai
ia?iaeo ia ii/aoeo OO no. ? aaaiiino? eiai o oi?ioaaii? na?aeiiino? oa
aeoiaaii? oe?eiai iieie?iiy ai?oe?a ca oe?a?inueeo iaoe?iiaeueio ?aeath
oa iacaeaaeio aea?aeaao.

Aea?? oaie iia’ycaiee ?c niaoe?ae?caoe??th eaoaae?e ?noi??? Oe?a?ie
Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. ?.?.Ia/ieeiaa, aeeeaaea/? yei?
caeiathoueny aeine?aeaeaiiyi I?aaeiy Oe?a?ie. ?aa?iiii aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
iaae? o?ueio i?aaeaiii-oe?a?inueeeo aoaa?i?e, ye? ?nioaaee a
aeine?aeaeoaaiee ia??iae.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy: ni?iaa ocaaaeueiaiiy oa eiiieaeniiai aea/aiiy
aeina?aeo oe?a?inueeeo eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi?o i?aai?caoe?e, oa aecia/ieo
ae?y/?a i?inaeoieoeoaa /a?ac i?iaeaiii-o?iiieia?/iee iaoiae oa
ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c iaoe?iiaeueiiai ?ooo a 1900-1914 ?ieao.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?noi??y oa ??ciia?/i? oi?ie ae?yeueiino?
oe?a?inueeiai eoeueoo?ii-ina?oiueiai ?ooo ia I?aaei? Oe?a?ie a 1900 –
1914 ?ieao.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c iniiaieo oi?i oa
iaoiae?a ae?yeueiino? eoeueoo?ii-ina?oiueiai ?ooo ia I?aaei? Oe?a?ie c
?ioeie ?aa?iiaie Oe?a?ie, i?inoaaeaiiy ni?ai?aoe? ? aca?iiae?? a
aaiethoe?? oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?ieia?? oa iie?oieia??.

Iaoiaeieia?/ia iniiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy: Aeey ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo
caaaeaiue, aaoi? ?iaioe aeio?eioaaany i?eioeei?a ?noi?ecio oa
ia’?eoeaiino?, ye? ia?aaeaa/athoue c’ynoaaiiy oiia aeieeiaiiy, ?icaeoeo
oa iane?aee?a iiae?e oa i?ioean?a, ?icoi?iiy ?o i?e/ei oa iane?aee?a. ?c
niaoe?aeueieo ?noi?e/ieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei canoiniaaii
i?iaeaiii-o?iiieia?/iee iaoiae ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co, neio?iiiee
iaoiae, yeee ia?aaeaa/a? aea/aiiy iiae?e, ui a?aeaoaaeeny a ?ioeo
?aa?iiao Oe?a?ie a ii??aiyii? c I?aaeiai. Oaeiae aoei canoiniaaii iaoiae
nenoaiiino?, eiee ia iniia? aiae?co oa ocaaaeueiaiue aoaeo?oueny
no?oeoo?a ia??iaeecaoe?? iie?oe/ieo, eoeueoo?ieia?/ieo ?
i?ina?oieoeueeeo i?ioean?a oa iiae?e.

O?iiieia?/i? ?aiee aeine?aeaeaiiy ioiieththoue 1900-1914 ?iee. Aeaiee
ia??iae iaoiiaeaiee i?ioeanaie iie?oecaoe?? ian ? cia/iei c?inoaiiyi
oe?a?inueeiai eoeueoo?ii-ina?oiueiai ?ooo a ia??iae ?aaiethoe?? 1905
?ieo, ? ?icaeoeii eiai aei ii/aoeo ia?oi? na?oiai? a?eie.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?? aecia/a?oueny iinoaiiaeith ?
?acoeueoaoaie ?ic?iaee aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie. Aeei?enoiaoth/e
a?o?ai? iaoa??aee, i?ano, niiaaaee o/aniee?a ?ooo, aaoi? cae?eniea
ni?iao eiiieaeniiai ocaaaeueiaiiy oe?a?inueei? a?iiaaenueei-iie?oe/ii?
oa eoeueoo?ii-ina?oiuei? ae?yeueiino?, yea i?iyaeeany a 1900 – 1914
?ieao ia I?aaei? Oe?a?ie. Aiae?c oa ocaaaeueiaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy
ii?aeiothoueny c iaoeiaei ii?aoethaaiiyi iecee eiie?aoieo ieoaiue, ui
neeaaeathoue ci?no i?iaeaie, ? ye?, cie?aia, acaaae? ia aea/aeeny aai
aeine?aeaeoaaeeny o?aaiaioa?ii, ia iaoa??aeao ?ioeo ?aa?ii?a.

O aeena?oaoe?? ia caaaeueiioe?a?inueeiio oe? aena?oeai? i?iaeaie
iie?oecaoe?? oa ??ciia?/ieo oi?i ae?yeueiino? oe?a?inueeiai
eoeueoo?ii-ina?oiueiai ?ooo ia I?aaei? Oe?a?ie o 1900 – 1914 ?ieao.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy, iia?
oaeoe, iieiaeaiiy ? aeniiaee i?i ?icaeoie eoeueoo?ii-ina?oiueiai ?ooo ia
I?aaei? Oe?a?ie, iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeey iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy
i?iaeaie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia aeey i?aeaioiaee
iaoeiaeo ? iaoeiai-iiioey?ieo i?aoeue c ?noi??? Oe?a?ie, eoeueoo?e oa
ina?oe, eiiia?aoeaiiai ?ooo, a oaeiae aeey /eoaiiy ii?iaoeaieo ?
niaoe?aeueieo eo?n?a ? eaeoe?e.

Aeina?ae ieioeiai iiaea aooe aeei?enoaiee no/anieie
eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi?ie i?aai?caoe?yie, iie?oe/ieie ia?o?yie, ie?aieie
oiiaeaie ? eiiia?aoeaaie a eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi?e oa
aeiiii?ei-i?ina?oieoeuee?e ?iaio? c iieiaeaeth oa na?aae ?ioeo aa?noa
ianaeaiiy. C?a?aiee oa ocaaaeueiaiee o aeine?aeaeaii? oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae
ni?eyoeia nooo?aiio ?icoe?aiith ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai i?inoi?o a ?noi?e/i?e
iaooe?.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a: I?e ?ic?iaoe? oaie aeena?oaoe?? aaoi?
aeei?enoiaoaaa ?aea? no/aniiai aeine?aeieea oe?a?inueeiai ?ooo e?ioey
O?O- ii/aoeo OO no. A.A.Eanueyiiaa oa iai?aoethaaiiy eieaeoeao eaoaae?e
?noi??? Oe?a?ie IAeO ?i.?.?.Ia/ieeiaa c aeine?aeaeaiue ?noi??? I?aaeiy
Oe?a?ie. A ?acoeueoao? ?iaioe iaae aeena?oaoe??th aaoi?ii aoea
iioae?eiaaia iecea iaoeiaeo noaoae oa o/anoue o /eneaiieo i?aeia?iaeieo,
anaoe?a?inueeeo oa ?aa?iiaeueieo iaoeiaeo oa iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe: Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?? oa iecea
a?ia?ao?e i?aaenoaaiee?a eoeueoo?ii-ina?oiueiai ?ooo ia I?aaei? Oe?a?ie
aoee aeeeaaeai? aaoi?ii o 6-oe iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo, /eneaiieo aenooiao ia
iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo, iaoa??aee yeeo c aeaii? i?iaeaiaoeee
ioae?eoaaeeny.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?? iaoiiaeaia iaoith oa caaaeaiiyie aeine?aeaeaiiy.
?? ianya noaiiaeoue 172 n. Aiia neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, /ioe?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae oa e?oa?aoo?e (14
noi??iie, 356 iaeiaioaaiue).

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. O ? ?icae?e?
“?noi??ia?ao?y oa aeaea?aeiciaa/ee iaeyae i?iaeaie”, iniiaia oaaaa
cina?aaeaeaia ia oa?aeoa?enoeoe? niaoe?aeueii? e?oa?aoo?e oa
aeaea?aeueii? aace i?i c?inoaiiy eoeueoo?ii-ina?oiueiai ?ooo a 1900-1914
?ieao ia I?aaei? Oe?a?ie.

Ia?oo ca cia/aiiyi a?oio aeaea?ae neeaaeathoue a?o?ai? iaoa??aee.
A?aoiaoth/e ?aa?ii aeine?aeaeaiiy, aaoi?ii aoei ia?aii e a?aeiia?aeiee
a?aea?? oiiae?a o Oeaio?aeueiiio aea?aeaaiiio ?noi?e/iiio a?o?a?
Oe?a?ie a i.Ee?a? (aeae? OeAe?A Oe?a?ie), oiiaee 313- Aieiaia
aeaiaea?inueea oi?aae?iiy Eaoa?eiineaanueei? aoaa?i??, oiiaee 274 –
Aieiaia aeaiaea?inueea oi?aae?iiy Oa?niinueei? aoaa?i??, oiiaee 385 –
AEaiaea?inueea oi?aae?iiy i.Iaeane, oiiae 1597 – Eaoa?eiineaanueea
ioi?iiia a?aeae?eaiiy i.Eaoa?eiineaaa, oiiaee 419 – I?ieo?i?a iaeanueei?
noaeiai? iaeaoe, oiiaee 268 – I?aaeaiia ?aeiiia ioi?iiia a?aeae?eaiiy, —
oiiae 347 – Iaeanueeee a?enueeiaee ie?oaeiee noae, oaeiae aoei
aeei?enoaii iniaeno? oiiaee 1235 – Ieoaeea Na?a?eiae/a A?ooaanueeiai oa
oiiaee 871 – Aiae??y Iaaeiae/a Oaeooeia. Aoei aeei?enoaii oiiaee
Aea?aeaaiiai a?o?ao Iaeanueei? iaeano? (AeAII), -2 – Eaioeaey??y
iaeanueeiai aaia?ae-aoaa?iaoi?a oa a?aaeiia/aeueieea, oiiaee 634 –
Ae?eiaiaenoai iaeanueeiai ie?oaeiiai noaeo, oiiae 9 – Oeaici? i.Iaeane,
oiiae 10 – Oei/aniaee eii?oao o ni?aaao ae?oeo a i.Iaean?, oiiae 13 –
Noa?oee ?iniaeoi? ii iaaeyaeo ca ae?oea?iyie, e?oia?ao?yie ? eieaeeiaith
oi?a?aeath a i.Iaean?, oiiaee 45 – Iiai?in?enueeee oi?aa?neoao, oiiae
333 – Iaeanueea a?aeae?eaiiy ?in?enueeiai oaoi?/iiai oiaa?enoaa, oiiae
93 – Iaeanueea oiaa?enoai ?noi??? ? noa?iaeeoiinoae, oaeiae iniaeno?
oiiaee 187 – ?aaia Ieoaeeiae/a Aiiaea?aiea, oiiae 164 – ?aaia Eueaiae/a
Eeie, oiiae 162 – Iaaea Ieaenaiae?iae/a Caeaiiai. Aei ia?oi? a?oie
aeaea?ae oaeiae a?aeianai? iaoa??aee A?aeae?eo ?oeiien?a IAeIA ?i.
I.Ai?ueeiai, oiiae 128/10 – Eenoe aei I.O.Eiia?iaa.

Ae?oao a?oio aeaea?ae ii oai? aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaeathoue ca?oe
“I?ina?o”, noaoooe oiaa?enoa, ca?oe ?ioeo eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi?o
i?aai?caoe?e, eaeaiaea?? “I?ina?oe”, eenoe, oiui. Oe? iaoa??aee aeathoue
ciiao i?inoaaeeoe aeeiai?eo ?icaeoeo eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi?o oiaa?enoa, ?o
??ciia?/io ae?yeuei?noue, neeaae ? /enaeuei?noue — ??e ca ?ieii.

Aei o?aouei? a?oie aeaea?ae aoiaeyoue ia??iaee/i? aeaeaiiy cacia/aiiai
ia??iaeo, ye? a cia/i?e i??? eiiiainothoue ianoa/o a?o?aieo iaoa??ae?a.
Aiie oaeiae ? oe?iiei aeaea?aeii aeey aeine?aeieea
eoeueoo?ii-ina?oiueiai ?ooo, ine?eueee a?i aoa eaaaeueiei ? a?eueii
a?aeaeaaany ia oiaeueoao i?ane. Aei oaeeo aeaeaiue aoiaeyoue:
“A?iiaaenueea aeoiea”, “?aaea”, “??aeiee e?ae”, “Aei?i?ia? oaee?”,
“ia?iaeia ni?aaa”, “A?no?”, “Caii??aeaey”, “Oe?aeineay aeeciue”,
“THaeii?onneee eiiia?aoi?”, “Oe?a?inueea oaoa”.

*aoaa?oo a?oio aeaea?ae neeaaea? iaioa?ia e?oa?aoo?a. Cie?aia, oea
niiaaaee Ae.Aei?ioaiea, TH.Eieea?aea, ?.*eeaeaiea, TH.Oeuaiea-N??iai,
A.Neiyanueeiai oa ?i. Oey e?oa?aoo?a, iacaaaeath/e ia iaaiee
noa’?eoea?ci ?? aaoi??a aea? aeey iaoeiaiai aiae?co oe?iiee oaeoe/iee
iaoa??ae, yeee ie ia ciaeaeaii i?e ii?aoethaaii? ?ioeo aeaea?ae.

??ciiiai?oia aeaea?aeueia aaca aeicaiey? oieeiooe iaeiia?/iino? o
aena?oeaii? oa ioe?ioe? iiae?e oa ?o ae?eiaeo in?a, a oaeiae c?iaeoe
a?aeiia?aei? ia’?eoeai? aeniiaee oa ocaaaeueiaiiy.

I?e ?icaeyae? aeaii? i?iaeaie aaoi? a?aooaaa ? nooi?iue ?? iaoeiai?
?ic?iaee, yea noaiiaeoue caaaeii aeineoue aaaiio ?noi??ia?ao?/io aaco.
Ii/aoeiaei aoaiii aea/aiiy oe?a?inueeiai eoeueoo?ii-ina?oiueiai
?ooo ia ii/aoeo OO noie?ooy ? i?aoe? I.A?ooaanueeiai, Ae.Aei?ioaiea,
A.Aeiiaieoeueeiai, N.Iaoeth?e, I.Eiia?iaa oiui. Iaaecae/aeii oe?iiith ?
?iaioa ?in?enueeiai aeine?aeieea I.Uiaie?aa, yeee ?icoe?ithaaa
oe?a?inueeee ?oo c oi/ee ci?o ?in?enueeiai naiiaea?aeaanoaa. Aeai?
aeine?aeieee caeeaee iaoeia? i?aeaaeeie o aeine?aeaeaii? ??ciia?/ieo
i?ioean?a oe?a?inueeiai eoeueoo?ii-ina?oiueiai ?ooo.

I?ney 1917 ?ieo I.A?ooaanueeee, I.Aa?iaeca, N.?oniaa. I.Aeni/ainueeee c
??cieo noi??i aeine?aeaeoaaee oe?a?inueeee eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi?e ?oo o
aca?iiae?? c iie?oe/ieie ia?o?yie, eiiia?aoeaaie, oe?eueiith ni?aaith.

Noae?inueeee oa?i? ia aeanyoee?ooy cionea ?noi?ee?a oaeoe/ii i?eieieoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy c aeaii? i?iaeaiaoeee, aai ae?ae ca?aeaieia?ciaaii oa
iaeiia?/ii aena?oethaaoe oeae ?oo. Ii/eiath/e c 1970-o — 1980 ?ie?a
aeaye? aeine?aeieee, ianaiia?aae, A.E?c/aiei, A.Na?aae, I.Ai?iaae, ciiao
ii/aee oi?eaoeny ? aena?oethaaoe eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi?e i?ioean ia Oe?a?i?.

C? caeiaoooyi Oe?a?iith iacaeaaeiino? cia/ii c??n ?ioa?an iaoeiaoe?a
aei eoeueoo?ii-ina?oiueiai ?ooo. C’yaeeeny iia? i?aoe? A.Na?aay,
I.Eenaiei, A.Eanueyiiaa, I.Aieaee??aa, E.?anaeaanueeiai ? N.Oa?eie,
I.Eiiiaaoeue oiui. A oeeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo oe?oa ?icaeyaea?oueny
oe?a?inueeee eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi?e ?oo, aeathoueny iia? ioe?iee eiai
ci?noia? oa oi?iai ae?yeueiino?, cia/ia oaaaa i?eae?eaia ?
i?aaeaiiioe?a?inueeiio ?aa?iio.

?icaeoeia? oe?a?inueeiai eoeueoo?ii-ina?oiueiai ?ooo i?eae?eyee cia/io
oaaao ?noi?eee ae?anii?e. Ne?ae cacia/eoe i?aoe? Ae.Aei?ioaiea,
I.Iieiinueeo-Aaneeaiei, ?.Eenyea-?oaeieoeueeiai, A.ssi?aa,
I.Noaoaeueiiai, A.Aa?eao. I.Aieoaaiea, ?.Iaaa?anueeiai, TH.Oaaaeueiaa,

O.Aoi/aea. I.Ii?aoia.

Iaeyae ?noi??ia?ao?/ii? e?oa?aoo?e iieaco?, ui iacaaaeath/e ia nooo?aee
aei?iaie, yeee aoei aianaii a/aieie ? aeine?aeieeaie a ??ci? ia??iaee
o aea/aiiy eoeueoo?ii-ina?oiueiai ?ooo, eiai ??ciia?/i? ca’ycee ? aieea
ia iaoe?iiaeueio na?aeii?noue ian, aei inoaiiueiai /ano a ie?aii acyoiio
?aa?ii? – I?aaei? Oe?a?ie o ia??iae eiai i?aeianaiiy oa iie?oecaoe?? a
1900-1914 ??. ia noaaeeenue. AEiaeia c aeuacaaaeaieo i?aoeue a oe?ieiio
aena?oeaii? ia ?icaeyaea? oeae ?aa?ii a ?icaeoeo eoeueoo?ii-ina?oiueiai
?ooo a aeaiee ia??iae.

O ?? ?icae?e? “C?inoaiiy iie?oecaoe?? eoeueoo?ii-ina?oiueiai ?ooo a
aei?aaiethoe?eiee ia??iae ia I?aaei? Oe?a?ie (1900-1905)” aea?oueny
a?aeiia?aeii ni?yiiaaia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?ooo a iiaeo
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo, iie?oe/ieo, eoeueoo?ieo oiiaao, ye? a o?e /e
?io?e i??? aieeaaee ia eiai ?icaeoie a oe?eiio.

A oiiaao ?icaeoeo eai?oae?cio a ?in?enuee?e ?iia??? ao?aeoaci?
a?aeiineie a?eueo oaeaeeeie oaiiaie ?icaeaaeeny ia I?aaei? Oe?a?ie.
Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? ci?ie i?ecaaee aei iiaeaeueoiai
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai, iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiai i?eai?/aiiy
oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo. Caai?iia oea?nueeeie oeacaie oe?a?inueei? iiae,
oeiee, oaao?o aaeueioaaea i?e?iaei?e iinooi oe?a?inueeiai aoiino.

Oe?a?inueea ?ioae?aaioe?y, yea ao?ooaaeany a “A?iiaaeao”, aeeoea ca
?aiee eoeueoo?ieoeueei? ae?yeueiino?. ?aaeeeaeuei? /eaie “A?iiaae”,
iniaeeai iieiaeue, i?aaioee aei iie?oe/ii? ae?yeueiino?. Iiyaa a 1900 ?.
ia?oi? oe?a?inueei? iie?oe/ii? neee – ?aaiethoe?eii? Oe?a?inueei? ia?o??
(?OI) caii/aoeoaaea iiaee ia??iae a ?noi??? iaoe?iiaeueiiai ?ooo. ?OI a
cia/i?e i??? iie?oecoaaea eiai, i?aeiyea ia iiaee ??aaiue na?aeii?noue
?ioae?aaioe??, ni?eyea iiya? ?ioeo oe?a?inueeeo ia?o?e ye?
aeei?enoiaoaaee aeey i?iiaaaiaee ??ci? oi?ie eoeueoo?ii-ina?oiuei?
ae?yeueiino?, iath/e ia I?aaei? Oe?a?ie a aaaaoueio i?noao nai?
ina?aaeee.

?ioa /anoeia i?aaenoaaiee?a na?aeiiiai oe?a?inoaa caeeoaeany ia
iiceoe?yo eoeueoo?ieoeueei? ?iaioe. I?ioa ? oey /anoeia
eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi?o ae?y/?a aeoea?coaaea naith ae?yeuei?noue, a?eueo
iaiieaaeeai aeiiaaath/enue a?aei?ie caai?iie ia oe?a?inueea ae?oeiaaia
neiai.

Naia a ia?aae?aaiethoe?eiee ia??iae aoei i?aai?ciaaii ? i?iaaaeaii
ieceo caoiae?a caaaeueiioe?a?inueeiai ianooaao, a yeeo a?aee o/anoue
i?aaenoaaieee ye iie?oe/ieo ia?o?e, oae ? “eoeueoo?ieoeueeeo” a?iiaae.

Oaeei /eiii, iaia?aaeiaei? ?aaiethoe??, oe?a?inueeee ?oo aeoea?coaaany,
c’yaeeeny iie?oe/i? ia?o??, ye? ?aaiethoe?ii?coaaee ia?iaei? iane. Ia
I?aaei? Oe?a?ie iineeeany eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi?e ?oo, ioiiethth/e ana
a?eueoa ethaeiino?, i?iaoaeaeoth/e a i?e iaoe?iiaeueio na?aeii?noue.
Oeae ?oo ia aoa a?aeiniaeaiee a?ae ?ioeo ?aa?ii?a Oe?a?ie. Iiooaei?oaee
eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi? ca’ycee c Aaee/eiith, Iiae?eeyi, Neiaiaeaiueiith.

O ??? ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe??: “?icaeoie eoeueoo?ii-ina?oiueiai ?ooo a
oiiaao ?aaiethoe?? 1905-1907 ??.” aea?oueny oa?aeoa?enoeea iniiaieo oi?i
oa iaoiae?a ?iaioe oe?a?inueeeo oiaa?enoa.

Ia?o? “I?ina?oe” ia i?ae?in?enuee?e Oe?a?i? aoee ca?a?no?iaai? ainaie
1905 ?ieo naia a Eaoa?eiineaa? oa Iaean?. Oea cana?ae/o?, ui
oe?a?inueeee ?oo aoa aeia?a cao?oiaaiee ia I?aaei? Oe?a?ie ? iaa oaa?aea
i?aea?oioy, noi?iiaaia aeanyoeaie ?ie?a e?ii?oei?
eoeueoo?ii-ina?oiuei? i?aoe?. “I?ina?oe” ?icai?ioee oe?ieo eaeoe?eio,
aeaeaaie/o, i?ina?oieoeueeo ae?yeuei?noue. Eaoa?eiineaanueea “I?ina?oa”
canioaaea oe?eo ieceo o?e?e ii naeao aoaa?i??, ye? iaee nai? aoaeeiee,
oaoe-/eoaeuei?, a?ae?ioaee. *anoi aenooiaee a aeaeaeeo naeao
eaoa?eiineaaueie a?aeii? i?ina?oyie Ae.ssai?ieoeueeee, Ae.Aei?ioaiei,
A.A?aeiia oa ?io?.

Aaaeeeaith ni?aaith noaei aeaeaiiy iaeanueeith ? eaoa?eiineaanueeith
“I?ina?oaie” ia?oeo oe?a?inueeeo /aniien?a. “I?ina?oe” oaeiae ?icoe?eee
oe?a?inueea eieaiae?oeoaaiiy, cie?aia, aeaeai? a Iaean? eieae
?icneeaeeny ii an?e Oe?a?i?.

A oiiaao ?aaiethoe?? iineeeeanue ai?ioueaa ca ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
oe?a?inueei? iiae a on? noa?e aeeooy. Iniaeeai aaaeeeaith aoea ai?ioueaa
ca oe?a?inuee? oeiee oa eaoaae?e i?e oi?aa?neoaoao.

A ?iee ?aaiethoe?? aeoea?coaaeenue oe?a?inuee? oaao?aeuei? o?oie,
ii/aeany ci?ia ?o ?aia?ooa?o, ii?yae c eeane/ieie oai?aie ii/aee noaaeoe
niaeoaee? ca iiaeie i’?naie, ye? a?aeaeaaee ao?oeea? ceiaiaeaii?
iiae??.

Oea?nueeee o?yae aei?noiei ia?ane?aeoaaa i?aaenoaaiee?a oe?a?inueeeo
iie?oe/ieo ia?o?e. Oiio naith ?iaioo aiie aeoeaii i?iaiaeeee /a?ac
eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi? i?aai?caoe??, cie?aia “I?ina?oe”. I?aaenoaaieee
aeaaee ?icoe?ithaaee oe?a?inueeee iie?oe/iee ?oo oa eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi?e
ye naia?aoeci, iai?aaeaiee ia a?aeae?eaiiy a?ae ?in??.

Aaoi? a?aecia/a?, ui a ?iee ?aaiethoe?eieo iiae?e oe?a?inueeee
eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi?e ?oo iaa?aa iiaeo no?oeoo?ieo oi?i o “I?ina?oao” ?
?icoe?ea naith ae?yeuei?noue.

O IV ?icae?e? “Eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi?e ?oo ia I?aaei? Oe?a?ie iaia?aaeiaei?
ia?oi? na?oiai? a?eie (1908-1914 ??.)” ?icaeyioo? i?iaeaie ae?yeueiino?
eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi?o oiaa?enoa a oiiaao ii?aaiethoe?eii? ?aaeoe?? oa
iiaeo ?ai?an?e ? caai?ii. Aeey ai?ioueae c oe?a?inueeei ?ooii oa ?ioeie
iaoe?iiaeueieie oa/?yie aoee noai?ai? oia?i?noe/i? /i?iinioaii?
i?aai?caoe??, ye? aeiiiiaaaee oea?ecio i?eaeoooaaoe
iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?ia a?ae?iaeaeaiiy. Cia/ii? oeiaee oe?a?inueeiio
?ooia? caaaeaa oeac I.Noieei?ia a?ae 20 n?/iy 1910 ?. “I?i ?ii?iaeoe?a”,
yeei caai?iiyeeny oe?a?inuee? eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi? i?aai?caoe?? ?
oiaa?enoaa. Iacaaaeath/e ia on?eye? ooenee ? caai?iie oe?a?inueeee
eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi?e ?oo i?iaeiaaeoaaa ?icaeaaoenue. Iaea?eueoee aieea
ia “I?ina?oe” oa ?io? eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi? i?aai?caoe?? iaei Oiaa?enoai
oe?a?inueeeo iinooiiaoe?a, caniiaaia o 1908 ?. ye caaaeueiioe?a?inueea
ia’?aeiaiiy ia /ie? c I.N.A?ooaanueeei.

Anoia?a/ o?aaeeoe?ei?e aeoioe? aaaaoueio aeine?aeiee?a i?i caiaiaae
oe?a?inueeiai ?ooo iaia?aaeiaei? ia?oi? na?oiai? a?eie, /eneaii? oaeoe
na?ae/aoue, ui a?i i?iaeiaaeoaaa ?icaeaaoenue ia I?aaei? Oe?a?ie.

A i?ioean? cae?eooy “I?ina?o” aeaaeith ia i?noeyo (“I?ina?oa” a Iaean?
aoea caai?iiaia iaei??th c ia?oeo — 28 eenoiiaaea 1909 ?.), iaeanuee?
i?ina?oyie ni?iiiaeeny i?aai?coaaoe o 1910 ?ioe? “Iaeanueeee
oe?a?inueeee eeoa”, yeee aeeiioaaa i?ina?oieoeuee? ooieoe??. A a 1911
?ioe? c ioce/ii-ae?aiaoe/ii? naeoe?? “I?ina?oe” aoei noai?aii oiaa?enoai
“Oe?a?inueea oaoa a Iaean?”, yea i?iaeiaaeoaaei ae?yeuei?noue aei 1917
?. Eaoa?eiineaanueea “I?ina?oa” ciiaea i?i?nioaaoe aei 1916 ?. ?
caaaeyee iaiieaaeea?e i?aoe? i?ina?oyi a oiiaao iiaeo caai?ii
ni?iiiaeany canioaaoe ua aeae?eueea nai?o o?e?e a naeao aoaa?i??. A 1910
?. o Eaoa?eiineaa? ii/aa aeoiaeeoe /aniien “Aei?i?ia? oaee?”,
?aaeaeoi?ii yeiai aoa Ae.Aei?ioaiei.

Cia/ii c?inea e?euee?noue eiiia?aoea?a, ye? a oiiaao ?aaeoe??
aeeiioaaee eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi? ooieoe??: o?iainoaaee ??ci? oe?a?inuee?
nayoa ? tha?ea?, cie?aia ?ieiaeie c aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy O.A.Oaa/aiea,
i?aai?ciaoaaee eaeoe??, ni?eyee iioe?aiith oe?a?inueei? eieae,
i?iaiaeeee aeneo?n?? ii aecia/ieo ?noi?e/ieo i?noeyo Oe?a?ie. C?inea
e?euee?noue aiaoi?nueeeo oaao?aeueieo ao?oe?a, iiaeaaaeee naith
eoeueoo?ii-i?ina?oieoeueeo ae?yeuei?noue oe?a?inuee? ooaeiaeieee,
ca?eueoeeanue e?euee?noue aoaeeie?a, iiaoaeiaaieo a o?aaeeoe?yo
oe?a?inueei? ia?iaeii? a?o?oaeoo?e.

Iaia?aaeiaei? ia?oi? na?oiai? a?eie ?icoe?eeeny aaciina?aaei?
eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi? ca’ycee I?aaeiy Oe?a?ie c Aaee/eiith. I?i oea
na?ae/eoue i?aai?ciaaia a Iaean? o 1911 ?ioe? Ana?in?enueea
Oaa?e/ii-caaiaenueea ienoaoeueei-a?oenoe/ia i?iieneiaa aenoaaea, ia ye?e
ae?ya ie?aiee iaa?eueeii i?ae iacaith “Aaee/eia – aano??enueea Oe?a?ia”
ia ye?e iecea oiaa??a oa ae?ia?a c Aaee/eie io?eiaea cieio? oa n??ai?
iaaeae?, a euea?anueeo “I?ina?oo” aoei iaai?iaeaeaii iioaaeueiith
a?aiioith ca “oni?oio i?ina?oieoeueeo ae?yeuei?noue”. A 1911 ?.
Iaioee?anueea “I?ina?oa” ia eaoa?eiineaauei? cai?ineea ia nayoi oa aeey
iai?io iaaeaaia?/iei aeina?aeii aeaeaaaoe?th a/eoae?a c Aoeiaeie.

Ia oii? caaino?aiiy i?aeia?iaeieo noinoie?a iaia?aaeiaei? ia?oi?
na?oiai? a?eie i?inoaaeo?oueny iaaia oaiaeaioe?y aei iioe?aiiy
eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi?o ca’yce?a i?ae oe?a?inueeeie i?aai?caoe?yie non?aei?o
?iia??e. I?aaeaiue Oe?a?ie iaa oae? ae iinooiia? oaiaeaioe?? a
eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi?e noa??, ye ? ?aooa ?aa?ii?a Oe?a?ie, a iiaeaeoaee
aeia?aaeaeaa ?o, ui ? iiaei ? aaaeeeaei aeoeaioii o aeine?aeaeaii?.

Aeniiaee: Aiae?c a?o?aieo aeaea?ae, ae?oeiaaii? e?oa?aoo?e oa
ia??iaeeee 1900-1914 ?ie?a aea? ciiao c?iaeoe ?yae ocaaaeueithth/eo
aeniiae?a.

Iie?oecaoe?y eoeueoo?ii-ina?oiueiai ?ooo ia ii/aoeo OO no. noaea
caeiiii??iei ?acoeueoaoii eoeueoo?iiai ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo.
I?ia?aneai? iie?oe/i? ia?o?? ii/eiath/e c ?OI iaee cia/iee aieea ia
oe?a?inueeee eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi?e ?oo.

A ?aaiethoe?eieo oiiaao noaiiaeaiiy “I?ina?o” cana?ae/eei iiaee ??aaiue
i?aai?caoe?? oe?a?inueeiai ?ooo. Iieaciaeie ? oaeoe canioaaiiy ia?oeo
“I?ina?o” naia ia I?aaei? Oe?a?ie, ui i?aee?aneth? o?aaeeoe?th ?icaeoeo
oe?a?inueeiai ?ooo a oeueiio ?aa?ii?. Ia a?aei?io a?ae aaaaoueio
iiia?aaei?o aeine?aeaeaiue aaoi? i?aee?aneth? iniaeeai aaaiio ?ieue yeo
a?ae?a?aea oe?a?inueei? ?ioae?aaioe?y o noai?ai? oa ae?yeueiino?
“I?ina?o”, iaoe?iiaeueieo oiaa?enoa, eiiia?aoea?a, aiaoi?nueeeo oaao??a,
o noaiiaeaii? oe?eueieoeoaa oa iaoee. Iiaei o ?iaio? ? aeine?aeaeaiiy
?icaeoeo ? iioe?aiith oe?a?inueeiai eieaiae?oeoaaiiy, yea cana?ae/eei
iiyao iiaea?i?cio a oe?a?inuee?e e?oa?aoo?? naia ia I?aaeiy Oe?a?ie.

Ia??iae 1900-1914 ?ie?a aoa iaeiei ?c iaeaaaeeea?oeo o ?icaeoeo
eoeueoo?ii-ina?oiueiai ?ooo. Inoaii?e i?aeaeaaaany aei?noieei ooeneai,
i?ina?oyie ia?ane?aeoaaeeny oae naii, ye ? i?aaenoaaieee oe?a?inueeeo
iie?oe/ieo ia?o?e. Iiaeiiaeaaeoeyie oe?a?inueeee iie?oe/iee ?
eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi?e ?oo ?icoe?ithaaany, ye aea? a?eee ?aeeiiai
ia?iaeiiai iinooio, iai?aaeaiiai ia naia?aoeci a?ae ?in?enueei? ?iia???.

Aaoi? ona?aeiieth?, ui aeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy ia ae/a?io? anueiai
eiiieaeno ieoaiue, iia’ycaieo c oe?a?inueeei eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi?i ?ooii
ia I?aaei? Oe?a?ie a cacia/aiee ia??iae. Ia iao iiaeyae, iiaeaeueoa
aea/aiiy oaie aeioe?eueii cae?enithaaoe ii ie?aieo ?aa?iiao I?aaeiy
Oe?a?ie, a iaaieo o?iiieia?/ieo ?aieao, c iaoith inieneaiiy i?noeaaeo
oiia a ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueeiai ?ooo, o/ano? ie?aieo ae?y/?a
a?iiaaenueei-iie?oe/iiai, eoeueoo?ii-ina?oiueiai oa ienoaoeueeiai ?oo?a
a noaiiaeaii? iaoe?iiaeueii-i???ioiaaiiai noni?euenoaa. Oaiith ie?aieo
aeine?aeaeaiue oe?a?inueeiai eoeueoo?ii-ina?oiueiai ?ooo iiaea aooe
ae?yeuei?noue ??cieo “I?ina?o”, eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi?o i?aai?caoe?e ?
oiaa?enoa ia I?aaei? Oe?a?ie o oe?oiio eiiieaen? ?o ae?yeueiino? oa
aca?iica’yce?a c ?ioeie oiai/anieie i?aai?caoe?yie.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue:

C ae?yeueiino? I.?.Neaa/aiea a iaeanuee?e “I?ina?o?” 1906-1909 ??.
//Aeaaeai?e Ieoaeei ?eenaeiae/ Neaa/aiei (iaoeiaa niaaeueia ? aeeoo?aee
oeyo). Ca??iee noaoae.-Iaeana, 1995.-N.35-39. (0,1 ae?oe. a?e.).

Aeeeaaea/? e nooaeaioe Iiai?in?enueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo a ae?yeueiino?
“Oe?a?inueeiai oiaa?enoaa “I?ina?oa” a Iaean?” (1905-1909). //Caienee
?noi?e/iiai oaeoeueoaoo.-Aei.2.-Iaeana, 1996.-N.69-74. (0,2 ae?oe.
a?e.).

C ?noi??? ?iaeeie Oaeooeieo. //Caienee ?noi?e/iiai
oaeoeueoaoo.-Aei.5.-Iaeana, 1997.-N.78-82. (0,2 ae?oe. a?e.).

Oiaa?enoai “Oe?a?inueea oaoa a Iaean?” //Caienee ?noi?e/iiai
oaeoeueoaoo.-Aei.7.-Iaeana, 1998.-N.95-100. (0,2 ae?oe. a?e.).

Aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ?icaeoie eiaca?nueeiai ienoaoeoaa ia I?aaei? Oe?a?ie.
//Caienee ?noi?e/iiai oaeoeueoaoo.-Aei.8.-Iaeana, 1999.-N.140-145. (0,2
ae?oe. a?e.).

Aiioaoe?y:

Iena/ei A.?. Oe?a?inueeee eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi?e ?oo ia I?aaei? Oe?a?ie.
1900-1914 ??.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 07.00.01 – ?noi??y Oe?a?ie.

Eaoaae?a ?noi??? Oe?a?ie Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoa
?i.?.?.Ia/ieeiaa. Iaeana, 1999.

O aeena?oaoe?? ia iniia? cia/ii? e?eueeino? aeaea?ae eiiieaenii
aeine?aeaeaii ?icaeoie oe?a?inueeiai eoeueoo?ii-ina?oiueiai ?ooo ia
I?aaei? Oe?a?ie o 1900-1914 ??. I?iaiae?ciaaii iniiai? oi?ie oa iaoiaee
?icaeoeo, iieacaii i?ioean aaiethoe?? oa iie?oecaoe??
eoeueoo?ii-ina?oiueiai ?ooo a cacia/aiee ia??iae. Cia/ia oaaaa a ?iaio?
i?eae?eaia noaaeaiith iie?oe/ieo ia?o?e oa ?o aieeao ia
eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi?e ?oo, oe?ieei ??ciia?/iei ca’yceai I?aaeiy c ?ioeie
?aa?iiaie Oe?a?ie. I?inoaaeaii aieea eoeueoo?ii-ina?oiueiai ?ooo ia
iaoe?iiaeueio na?aeii?noue oe?ieeo aa?noa oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa oa
aianie ae?y/?a ?ooo a eoeueoo?io niaaeueio ia i?aaeaiiioe?a?inueeeo
oa?aiao.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: I?aaeaiue Oe?a?ie, a?iiaaea, i?ina?oa, ?oo, eiiia?aoea,
oeiea, ae?yeuei?noue, eoeueoo?a, ina?oa.

Aiiioaoeey:

Iena/ei A.E. Oe?aeineia eoeueoo?ii-i?inaaoeoaeueneia aeaeaeaiea ia THaa
Oe?aeiu. 1900-1914 aa.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa enoi?e/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 07.00.01 – Enoi?ey Oe?aeiu.

Eaoaae?a enoi?ee Oe?aeiu Iaeanneiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai oieaa?neoaoa ei.
E.E.Ia/ieeiaa. Iaeanna, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee ia iniiaa cia/eoaeueiiai eiee/anoaa enoi/ieeia
eiiieaenii enneaaeiaaii ?acaeoea oe?aeineiai
eoeueoo?ii-i?inaaoeoaeueneiai aeaeaeaiey ia THaa Oe?aeiu a 1900-1914 aa.
I?iaiaeece?iaaii iniiaiua oi?iu e iaoiaeu aeayoaeueiinoe oe?aeineiai
eoeueoo?ii-i?inaaoeoaeueneiai aeaeaeaiey, iieacai i?ioeann yaiethoeee e
iieeoecaoeee aeaeaeaiey a oeacaiiue ia?eiae.

Cia/eoaeueiia aieiaiea a ?aaioa oaeaeaii iiceoeee iieeoe/aneeo ia?oee e
eo aeeyieth ia eoeueoo?ii-i?inaaoeoaeueneia aeaeaeaiea.

Enneaaeiaaiea ninoieo ec anooieaiey, /aou?ao ?acaeaeia, caeeth/aiey,
nienea eniieueciaaiiuo enoi/ieeia e eeoa?aoo?u iinea eaaeaeiai
?acaeaea.

Aeaaiay caaea/a aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaiou – iieacaoue ?acaeoea
oe?aeineiai eoeueoo?ii-i?inaaoeoaeueneiai aeaeaeaiey a thaeiioe?aeineii
?aaeiia a ?aciuo nioeeaeueii-iieeoe/aneeo e
eoeueoo?ii-i?inaaoeoaeueneeo oneiaeyo. Iniaia ianoi a ?aaioa caieiatho
a?oeaiua i ioaeeeiaaiiua aeieoiaiou, enneaaeiaaiea e aiaeec i?annu
oiai a?aiaie, ainiiieiaiey o/anoieeia oe?aeineiai
eoeueoo?ii-i?inaaoeoaeueneiai aeaeaeaiey.

Iaeiei ec aaaeiaeoeo neaaenoaee ?acaeoey oe?aeineiai
eoeueoo?ii-i?inaaoeoaeueneiai aeaeaeaiey ia THaa Oe?aeiu yaeyaony aai
o?aaeeoeeiiiia anoanoaaiiia ?acaeoea, eioi?ia i?iyaeeinue a i?aaiecaoeee
ia?auo iauanoa “I?ina?oe”. Cia/eoaeueii ?anoe?eeinue eieaiecaeaoaeuenoai
e ?ani?ino?aiaiea oe?aeineie eeoa?aoo?u. Eiaiii ia THaa Oe?aeiu
ca?iaeaeaaony iiaia iiaea?ienoneia iai?aaeaiea a oe?aeineie eeoa?aoo?a.
Iaoeeiiaeueiua ethaeoaeueneea oaao?aeueiua o?oiiu ia?aaia n
i?ioanneiiaeueiuie caiieieee ai?iaeneea e naeueneea noeaiu oe?aeineei
?aia?ooa?ii.

A ?aaioa i?ineaaeeaathony ananoi?iiiea eoeueoo?ii-i?inaaoeoaeueneea e
iauanoaaiii-iieeoe/aneea nayce THaa Oe?aeiu n ae?oaeie ?aaeiiaie, e a
ia?aoth i/a?aaeue n Aaeeoeeae.

A aeenna?oaoeee ii aeaaai a o?iiieiae/aneii ii?yaeea i?eaaaeai aiaeec
?acaeoey oe?aeineiai eoeueoo?ii-i?inaaoeoaeueneiai aeaeaeaiey a
niioaaonoaee n nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneeie e iauanoaaiii-iieeoe/an-eeie
oneiaeyie. Iiae/a?eiooi, /oi oe?aeineia aeaeaeaiea ia THaa ?acaeaaeinue
neio?iiii n ae?oaeie ?aaeiiaie Oe?aeiu. A iaeioi?uo noa?ao
eoeueoo?ii-i?inaaoeoaeueneie aeayoaeueiinoe THa iia?aaeae ae?oaea
?aaeiiu. Eae iiae/??eeaaaony a ?aaioa yoi iaoneaaeeaaeinue n iaeiie
noi?iiu ineaaeaiiui aeeyieai naiiaea?aeaaey e oe?aeineiio aii?ino a
I?e/a?iiii?uea e I?eaciauea, a n ae?oaie noi?iiu — iineaaeiaaoaeueiui
oneeaieai aeoeaiinoe oe?aeineiai eoeueoo?ii-i?inaaoeoaeueneiai
aeaeaeaiey.

Ia nia?aiaiiii yoaia no?ieoaeuenoaa oe?aeineiai ainoaea?noaa iiuo
eoeueoo?ii-i?inaaoeoaeueneiai aeaeaeaiey ia/aea OO aaea ia THaa Oe?aeiu,
aanueia aeooaeai aeey o/aaiuo caaaaeaiee anao o?iaiae, iieeoe/aneeo
ia?oee e i?aaiecaoeee, nia?aiaiiuo eoeueoo?ii-i?inaaoeoaeueneeo
i?aaiecaoeee, “I?ina?o”, aaaeai a aeaea iao?eioe/aneiai ainieoaiey
iiae?anoathuaai iieieaiey, aiaae?aiey ainoaea?noaaiiiai ycuea.

Enneaaeiaaiey ii eca?aiiie oaia oeaiiu aeey iiaeoaa?aeaeaiey ?acaeoey
oe?aeineie o?aaeeoeee ia THaa Oe?aeiu. Iaiaeiaaaeii e i?eaea/aiea
aieiaiey e oaia eoeueoo?ii-i?inaaoeoaeueneiai aeaeaeaiey a
aeayoaeueiinoe ?acee/iuo o/aaiuo caaaaeaiee, iauanoaaiiuo
eoeueoo?ii-i?inaaoeoaeueneeo i?aaiecaoeee, iieeoe/aneeo ia?oee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: THa Oe?aeiu, a?iiaaea, i?inaeoa, aeaeaeaiea,
eiiia?aoea, oeiea, aeayoaeueiinoue, eoeueoo?a, i?inaauaiea.

Annotation.

Mysechko A.I. Ukrainian cultural and educational movement in the South
of Ukraine 1900-1914.- Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate degree by speciality 07.00.01- History of
Ukraine. – Chair of history of Ukraine in Odessa I.I.Mechnikov state
University, Odessa, 1999.

The dissertation on the basis of a considerate amount of sources
investigates development of Ukrainian cultural and educational movement
in 1900-1914 in the South of Ukraine. Main forms and methods of the
cultural and educational activies have been highlighted, with an
accent upon evolutional and political changes in the movement in the
metioned period.

Special attention was paid to the political parties position towards
and influence upon the cultural and educational movement as well as to
versatile connections of the South of Ukraine with other regions of the
country.

The dissertation deals with the cultural and educational movement as
an influence upon the national self-consciousness of broad layers of
Ukrainian society, its input into Ukrainian cultural heritage in the
southern part of the country.

Key word: South of Ukraine, community, public education, movement,
cooperative, school, activity, culture.

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