3

IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO IIE?OE*IEO ? AOIIIAOe?IIAEUeIEO AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

OAeE 329:061.234:94/99 (477)

Iineaethe Ieoaeei Oaaei?iae/

OE?A?INUeEEE O?ENOEssINUeEI-NONI?EUeIEE

?OO O AAEE*EI? (1920-1939 ??.)

NIAOe?AEUeI?NOUe 23.00.02. – Iie?oe/i? ?inoeoooe oa i?ioeane

AAOI?AOA?AO

AeENA?OAOe?? IA CAeIAOOOss IAOEIAIAI NOOIAIss

EAIAeEAeAOA IIE?OE*IEO IAOE

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? iie?oe/ieo ? aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue Iaoe?iiaeueii? Aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani?

EOAOOssE IEEIEA AANEEUeIAE*

I?eea?iaonueeee oi?aa?neoao ?i.Aaneey Noaoaieea,

aeaeai ?noi?e/iiai oaeoeueoaoo, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e anana?oiuei? ?noi???

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi?
o?einionueeeo iaoe,

*A?I?E AIAOIE?E IEOAEEIAE*

i?ioani? eaoaae?e o?einio?? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai

Aa?a?iiai Oi?aa?neoaoo

Eaiaeeaeao iie?oe/ieo iaoe

EA?AeIO AAeOA?Ae TH??EIAE*

aeioeaio eaoaae?e o?einio?? ? eoeueoo?e

Euea?anueei? Eiia?oe?eii? Aeaaeai??

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao
?i.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, eaoaae?a iie?oieia?? ? nioe?ieia??.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny » 6 » ea?oiy 1999 ?. i 14 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.181.01. ?inoeoooo
iie?oe/ieo ? aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo iie?oe/ieo
? aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie, i.Ee?a, aoe.Eooociaa,
8.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 4_ » aa?aciy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe
TH.A.Eaaaiaoeue

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. ?icaoaeiaa iacaeaaeii? Oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae oa
noaiiaeaiiy aaaaoiia?o?eiino? aeooae?coaaee ?noi?eei-iie?oieia?/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy noni?eueii-iie?oe/ieo i?ioean?a ieioeiai, iniaeeaino? ?o
i?io?eaiiy a ie?aieo ?aa?iiao e?a?ie, ni?eyee aea/aiith aeina?aeo
oe?a?inueeeo ia?o?e oa ?oo?a.

I?ae oeei eooii ci?o cia/iee ?ioa?an noaiiaeoue aeine?aeaeaiiy
eea?eeaeueii-eiina?aaoeaii? oa/?? oe?a?inueeiai iie?oe/iiai niaeo?o
Aaee/eie – o?enoeyinueei-noni?eueiiai ?ooo. A?i aeiee iai?ee?ioe? O?O
no. o eiioaeno? noaiiaeaiiy ia?o?eii-iie?oe/ii? nenoaie e?ath, o 20-30-o
??. OO no. no?oeoo?ecoaaany a iia?oi?o eea?eeaeueieo ia`?aeiaiiyo, ui
a?ae?a?aee iii?oio ?ieue o oi?ioaaii? ?aeaieia?? iaoe?iiaeueiiai ?ooo.
Oiio ?noi?eei-iie?oieia?/iee aiae?c aeaii? i?iaeaiaoeee ia? nueiaiaei?
aaaeeeao iaoeiao oe?ii?noue, i?ciaaaeueia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy.

?ioa?an aei oe??? oaie iineeth?oueny oei, ui, ii-ia?oa, a ?aaeyinuee?e
?noi??ia?ao?? niioai?thaaeany ?ieue oe?a?inueeeo eaoieeoeueeeo
i?aai?caoe?e, ii-ae?oaa, iciaeiieaiiy c ?o ?noi?e/iith niaaeueiith
ni?ey? iaeii/aniiio aea/aiith ?ie? a?aei-eaoieeoeueeiai aeooiaainoaa a
a?iiaaenueeiio aeeoo? e?ath oa, ii-o?ao?, a no/aniiio oe?a?inueeiio
iie?oe/iiio ?on? a?aeiiaeaii ia?o?? o?enoeyinueei-noni?eueii?
i???ioaoe??, eio?? iathoue ia?niaeoeae ia?aoai?eoeny o aaaiio neeo.

Oaeei /eiii, noni?eueii-iie?oe/ia aeooaeuei?noue oa ia?ic-?iaeai?noue
caaaeaii? i?iaeaie a ?noi??ia?ao?? iaoiiaeee aea?? oaie.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iie?oe/ia, i?aai?caoe?eia,
eoeueoo?ii-ina?oiy oa ?ae?a?eia ae?yeuei?noue oe?a?inueeeo eea?eeaeueieo
ia’?aeiaiue o eiioaeno? noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai aeeooy e?ath. Ia’?eoii
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ianaiia?aae oe?a?inueeee o?enoeyinueei-noni?eueiee ?oo
Aaee/eie.

O?iiieia?/i? ?aiee aeine?aeaeaiiy ioiieththoue ia??iae 1920- 1939 ??.
Ieaeiy iaaea — oea ooaa?aeaeaiiy iieuenueeiai ieoiaoe?eiiai ?aaeeio ia
cao?aeiioe?a?inueeeo caieyo i?ney caaa?oaiiy iieuenueei-?aaeyinueei?
a?eie 1920 ?. Aa?oith iaaeo noaiiaeoue ii/aoie Ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie
(aa?anaiue 1939 ?.) ? i?eieiaiiy ae?yeueiino? eaoieeoeueeeo ia?o?e.
Iaeiae c iaoith e?auiai ?icoi?iiy nooiino? i?ioean?a, ui a?aeaoaaeeny a
eea?eeaeueii-eiina?aaoeaiiio oaai??, e??i iniiaiiai ia??iaeo, a
aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeyaea?oueny i?iaeaia noaiiaeaiiy oa iie?oe/ii?
aaiethoe?? o?enoeyinueei-noni?eueiiai ?ooo i?ioyaii 1896-1919 ??.

Nooi?iue iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie. Ia?o? aeine?aeieoeuee? ?ica?aeee,
iia’ycai? c noaiiaeaiiyi oe?a?inueeiai o?enoeyinueei-noni?eueiiai ?ooo,
cae?enieee aaoi?e, ui a?aee aeoeaio o/anoue o iie?oe/iiio aeeoo?
Aaee/eie e?ioey O?O – ia?oi? iieiaeie OO no. (E.Eaaeoeueeee, I.Noao?a,
N.Oiiao?anueeee) Eaaeoeueeee E. ?noi??y iie?oe/ii? aeoiee aaeeoeueeeo
oe?a?ioe?a 1848-1914 ??.– Euea?a, 1926; eiai ae. Oe?a?inuee? iie?oeee.
Neeueaaoe iaoeo aeaai?o iine?a ? iie?oe/ieo ae?y/?a 1914-1918. – Euea?a,
1928 oa ?i.;

Noao?a I. ?ae?a?y, oea?eaa, ee?? oa oe?a?inuee? nioe?ae?noe-?aaeeeaee. –
Euea?a, 1936;

Oiiao?anueeee N. Iaoa /?eueia ia?o?y o aeani?i ca?eae?.– Euea?a, 1929..
Iaeiae ?iaioe no/aniee?a, iacaaaeath/e ia c?a?aiee iaaiee oaeoe/iee
iaoa??ae, noa’?eoeaii aena?oethaaee aeaio i?iaeaiaoeeo.

?aaeyinueea ?noi??ia?ao?y i?aeai?iiiai ia??iaeo (I.Eooeeaae/, A.I?ia?a
oa ?io?) oaiaeaioe?eii aena?oethaaea noni?eueii-iie?oe/i? i?ioeane a
Aaee/ei?, oaeueneo?eoaaea ae?yeuei?noue eea?eeaeueii-eiina?aaoeaieo nee
Eooeeaae/ I. Cao?aeia Oe?a?ia a aaai? eea?eeae?cio ? iie?oeeainoaa //
Eiioi?no. — 1928. — 28 eeiiy; Ieiaaa A. Caiaaeiay Aaei?onney e Caiaaeiay
Oe?aeia iiae aiaoii iaineie Iieueoe. — I., 1939; oa ?io?. .

Iiai?iia ?aaeyinueea ?noi??ia?ao?y i?iaeiaaeoaaea c eeaniai-ia?o?eieo
iiceoe?e aiae?coaaoe o?enoeyinueei-noni?eueiee ?oo. Noaiaoeci,
ca?aeaieia?ciaai?noue oa oaeueneo?eaoe?y ae?yeueiino?
eea?eeaeueii-eiina?aaoeaiiai oaai?o i?eoaiaii? ?iaioai N.Aeaieeaiea,
A.Ianeianueeiai, I.Iaoeyeiaa oa ?i. Aeaieeaiei N.O. Aei?iaith aaiueae ?
c?aaee. ?noi?e/ia o?ii?ea. — E., 1972; Ianeianueeee A.?. AEiaoi-aeaeeoia
iao?y. — Euea?a, 1975; Iaoeyeia I.A. Oi?aonueea oea?eaa ?aeaeiee ai?ia
o?oaeyueo. — Euea?a, 1976; oa ?io?. I?aoe? A.Oaa?aeioe?aa,
A.Aeia?aoeiai? i?noyoue ?yae oaeoe/ieo iiieeie oa iaoi/iinoae c oe???
oaiaoeee Oaa?aeioe?a A. ?aaiethoe?eii-aecaieueia ai?ioueaa o?oaeyueo
I?eea?iaooy (1921-1939). — Euea?a, 1974; Aeia?aoeiaa A. Iaoe?iiae?ci ?
?ae?a?y ia neoaea? aioeeiioi?cio. — Euea?a, 1976. . Ie?ai? ?? aniaeoe ?c
caa?aaeaiiyi onoaeaieo ooaii?a aoee ?icaeyioo? o i?aoeyo TH.TH.Neeaee,
N.A.Iaea?/oea Neeaea TH.TH. Cao?aeia Oe?a?ia a ?aaeoe?ei?e iie?oeoe?
iieuenueei? oa oe?a?inueei? ao?aeoac?? (1920-1939). — E., 1985; eiai
ae. Nithc o?anoa ? eai?oaeo. I?i ai?ioueao oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo i?ioe
eaoieeoeueei? aeniain?? (1920-1939). — E., 1985; Iaea?/oe N.A.
Yoiinioeeaeueiia ?acaeoea e iaoeeiiaeueiua ioiioaiey ia
caiaaeiioe?aeineeo caieyo a ia?eiae eiia?eaeecia. — Eueaia, 1983..

I?ney i?iaieioaiiy iacaeaaeiino? Oe?a?ie c’yaeeeny oiiae aeey
ia?ainieneaiiy ?? iie?oe/ii? ?noi??? ? aea/aiiy
o?enoeyinueei-noni?eueii? i?iaeaiaoeee. ?yae aeine?aeiee?a (ss.A?eoeae,
I.Eoaooye, I.Oaaaoeye oa ?i.) ?icaeyaeaee ie?ai? eaoieeoeuee?
ia’?aeiaiiy /a?ac i?ecio ia’?eoeaiiai aena?oeaiiy noni?eueii-iie?oe/ieo
i?ioean?a o Aaee/ei? iai?ee?ioe? 19 — ia?oi? iieiaeie 20 no. A?eoeae ss.
Ia?en ?noi??? Oe?a?ie. Oi?ioaaiiy iiaea?ii? oe?a?inueei? iaoe?? 19-20
no. — E., 1996; Eoaooye I. Aaee/eia: noi??iee ?noi???. —
?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1993; Oaaaoeye I. “Iaoeeo?eaoe?y”: iieuenueea
?ai?aneaia aeoe?y o Aaee/ei? 1930 ?. ? oe?a?inueea noni?euei?noue. —
Euea?a, 1993; oa ?io?.. I.Caeoeaa caa?ioa oaaao ia ia?eaiaionueeo
ae?yeuei?noue aaeeoeueeeo eea?eeae?a o ia??iae o.ca. «ii?iae?caoe??»
iieuenueei-oe?a?inueeeo noinoie?a Caeoeaa I.TH. I?aaenoaaieee
oe?a?inueeeo iie?oe/ieo ia?o?e Cao?aeii? Oe?a?ie a ia?eaiaio? Iieueu?
(1922-1939 ??.) // Oe?. ?no. aeo?iae.- 1993. — ?1. — N.72-84; oa ?io?..

Aaaeeeaa eiioeaiooaeueia cia/aiiy aeey aiae?co eea?eeaeueiiai oaai?o
iathoue i?aoe? A.Eoooe, A.Iiooeueieoeueeiai, A.*a?i?y Eoooa A. C ?noi???
oe?a?inueei? iie?oe/ii? aeoiee. – E., 1994; Iiooeueieoeueeee A.A. Ia?ene
c oe?a?inueei? iie?oieia?? (1819-1991). – E., 1994; *a?i?e A.I.
Iioieia?y aeooiaiino?. – Ee?a, 1996.. Caaaeuei? iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aeoiaee
aei i?iaaaeaiiy iie?oieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?noyoue ?iaioe
I.Aaae?ii?, A.Ea?aeioa Iie?oieia?y: Iin?aiee aeey nooaeaio?a aeueo
iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a (Ca ?aae. I.A.Aaae?ii?, A.I.Ai?aaoaiea). – E.,
1998;

Ea?aeio A.TH. Aea?aeaaioai?/ee i?ioean a Oe?a?i? ? Oea?eaa
(iie?oieia?/iee aniaeo) // Aaoi?ao. aeena?o. ia caeiaoooy iaoe. nooi.
eaiae. iie?o. iaoe. – Ee?a, 1995., a oaeiae i?aoe? I.Iai/oea,
I.?eaa/oea, O.?oaee/a, A.sseooeea oa ?ioeo.

Oey oaiaoeea /a?ac a?ae aeaea?aeueii? aace iaeaea ia aeine?aeaeoaaeany
?noi?eeaie ? iie?oieiaaie oe?a?inueei? ae?anii?e. Caneoaiaothoue ia
oaaao o?aa ui ?iaioe ?.Eenyea-?oaeieoeueeiai, a yeeo ?ice?eoi aieea
aaoueiainueei? ?aeaieia?? ia oe?a?inueeeo eiina?aaoi??a-eaoieee?a oa
aecia/aii i?noea eea?eeaeueieo i?aai?caoe?e a noni?eueii-

iie?oe/iiio ?on? e?ath Eenye-?oaeieoeueeee ?. ?noi?e/i? ana. — O.1-2. —
E., 1994; oa ?io?..

O?enoeyinueei-noni?eueia i?iaeaiaoeea /anoeiai aea/aeany o iieuenuee?e
?noi??ia?ao??. O i?aeai?iiee ia??iae oeueiai ieoaiiy oi?eaeeny a nai?o
i?aoeyo A.A?eoe?eianueea, A.Eoaainueeee Belcikowska A. Stronnictwa i
zwizki polityczne w Polsce. — Warszawa, 1925; Lubieski H. Kosiol
Greko-Katolicki w wojewdztwach poludniowo-wschodnich // Sprawy
narodowosiowe. — Warszawa, 1934. — ? 5-6. — S.537-555.. O iiai?ii?e
iieuenuee?e ?noi??ia?ao?? aecia/eeeny aeaa iai?yie ?? aeine?aeaeaiue.
I.Iaiaaeeinueea-Oo?ae, N.Noaiiaiue aea/aee ?ae?a?eii-ia?yaeia? ieoaiiy
Papierzyska-Turek M. Sprawa ukraiska w Drugiej Rzeczypospolitej
1922-1929. — Krakw, 1979; Stpie S. Zycie religijne spolecznosi
ukrainskiej w Drugiej Rzeczypospolitej // Polska-Ukraina. 1000 lat
ssiedztwa. — T.1. — Przemyl, 1990. — S.207-218.. ?yae ?ioeo aaoi??a
(A.Ia?oa/, ?.Oiaeaoeueeee) caeiyeeny aiae?cii ?ie? eea?eeaeueieo
i?aai?caoe?e a iieuenueei-oe?a?inueeeo noinoieao Partasz Cz. Stosunki
polsko-ukraiski w Galicji w latach 1888-1908. — Koszalin, 1989; Torzecki
R. Kwestia ukraiska w polityce III Rzeczy (1933-1945). — Warszawa, 1972;
eiai ae. Kwestia ukraiska w Polsce w latach 1923-1929. — Krakw, 1989..

Iaeiae, ia aeeaey/enue ia iaaia ii?aoethaaiiy o?enoeyinueei-noni?eueiiai
?ooo, iiaeia caoaaaeeoe, ui aeaia oaia aea/aia ia aeinoaoiuei. Aei oeeo
i?? iaia? eiiieaenii? i?aoe? c oe??? i?iaeaiaoeee.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?? ? ia’?eoeaia ?
anaa?/ia aena?oeaiiy a ?noi?eei-iie?oieia?/iiio aniaeo? oe?a?inueeiai
o?enoeyinueei-noni?eueiiai ?ooo Aaee/eie. A?aeiia?aeii aei iaoe
iinoaaeaii oae? caaaeaiiy:

— aeynieoe i?e/eie noaiiaeaiiy, ?aeaei? canaaee, nioe?aeueio aaco oa
no?oeoo?ecaoe?th o?enoeyinueei-noni?eueiiai ?ooo;

— i?inoaaeeoe aaiethoe?th eea?eeaeueii-eiina?aaoeaieo nee o
noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiio aeeoo? Aaee/eie;

— aeae?eeoe aieiai? oa/?? oe?a?inueei? eiina?aaoeaii? eaoieeoeueei?
aeoiee;

— ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe ?ieue oa i?noea eea?eeaeueieo no?oeoo? a
oe?a?inueeiio iie?oe/iiio ?on?;

— c`ynoaaoe i?e/eie aeoea?caoe?? noni?eueii-iie?oe/ii? ae?yeueiino?
o?enoeyinueeeo noni?eueiee?a i?ioyaii 30-o ??. OO no.

— i?iaiae?coaaoe iniiai? iai?yiee ae?yeueiino? oe?a?inueeeo
eaoieeoeueeeo ia`?aeiaiue.

Aeaea?aeueio aaco aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaee ianaiia?aae iaiioae?eiaai?
aeieoiaioe Oeaio?aeueiiai aea?aeaaiiai a?o?ao a?iiaaenueeeo ia’?aeiaiue
Oe?a?ie (i.Ee?a), Oeaio?aeueiiai aea?aeaaiiai ?noi?e/iiai a?o?ao Oe?a?ie
o Eueaia?, aea?aeaaieo a?o?a?a ?aaii-O?aie?anueei?, Euea?anueei? ?
Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeanoae. On? a?o?ai? iaoa??aee iiaeia iiae?eeoe ia
e?eueea iniiaieo a?oi:

1) aeieoiaioe O?enoeyinueei-noni?eueii? ia?o??, Oe?a?inueei?
o?enoeyinueei? i?aai?caoe??, Oe?a?inueei? eaoieeoeueei? ia?iaeii?
ia?o??, Oe?a?inueeiai eaoieeoeueeiai nithco, a oiio /ene? i?ioieiee ?o
ia?aae, can?aeaiue ea??aieo i?aai?a, i?ia?aie e noaoooe, ?aciethoe??,
a?aeicae, cayae, ca?oe, iia?aeiieaiiy, caa?iaiiy, ei?aniiiaeaioe?y
ia?o?eieo e?aea??a;

2) aeieoiaioe a?iiaaenueeeo ? iie?oe/ieo i?aai?caoe?e, ui iaee ca’ycee c
eea?eeaeueieie i?aai?caoe?yie, ia?o ca ana i?ioieiee c’?cae?a, ia?aae,
can?aeaiue, ?aciethoe??, iai?oanoe ? o.ae.;

3) io?oe?ei? aeieoiaioe i?aai?a aea?aeaaii? aeaaee, cie?aia
?icii?yaeaeaiiy oa ca?oe I?i?noa?noaa aioo??oi?o ni?aa Iieueu?,
iie?oe?ei? aeiianaiiy i?i ae?yeuei?noue eaoieeoeueeeo iie?oe/ieo
no?oeoo?, iaoa??aee uiaei eiio?neaoe?? ia??iaee/ieo aeaeaiue oiui.

E??i oiai o aeine?aeaeaii? aeei?enoaii:

1) iioae?eiaai? ca??ieee aeieoiaio?a ? iaoa??ae?a;

2) aeaeaaie/a i?iaeoeoe?y eea?eeaeueieo ia?o?e — i?ia?aii? aeieoiaioe,
aa?oaoe?eii-i?iiaaaiaeenonueea e?oa?aoo?a, oai?aoe/i? i?aoe?
o?enoeyinueei-noni?eueieo e?aea??a: I.Aa?a?inueeiai, I.Iaca?oea,
A.Oiieoeia, A.Oaioeoeueeiai oa ?i. Aa?a?inueeee I. A iai?ii? i?aaaee ?
/anoe // ?oneai. — 1911. — /.209-211. — 20-23 aa?aniy; Iaca?oe I.
?aeaieia?/i? iniiae OEII. — Euea?a, 1931; Oiieoei A. Oe?a?inueea
i?iae?ia. — Noai?neaa, 1933; Oaioeoeueeee A. Ianoe?nueeee eeno i?i
ia?yaeia? ni?aae. – Euea?a,1931.

3) iaioa?ia e?oa?aoo?a — niiaaaee a?aeiieo eea?eeaeueieo ? iie?oe/ieo
ae?y/?a: O.Aieia?ianueeiai, O.Aaeoueinueeiai, ?.Eaae?eia;

4) o?enoeyinueei-noni?eueia i?ana: “Ieaa”, “Iiaa Ci?y”, “I?aaaea”,
“Iaoa”, “Aecaiie”, iaoa??aee oe?a?inueei? oa iieuenueei? ia??iaeeee,
cie?aia /aniiene “A?iiaaenueeee Aiein”, “Ae?ei”, “Iiaee *an”,
“?ia?oie/ee Aiein”, “Biulety polsko-ukraiski”, “Sprawy narodowosiowe”,
“Wszystkie stronnictwa” ? o.ae.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?eioeeie ia’?eoea-

iino? oa ?noi?ecio, i?iaeaiii-o?iiieia?/iee, ii??aiyeueiee ?
nenoaiii-no?oeoo?iee iaoiaee.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa? o oiio, ui aiia ? ia?oei eiiieaeniei
aeine?aeaeaiiyi oe?a?inueeiai o?enoeyinueei-noni?eueiiai ?ooo Aaee/eie o
i?aeai?ii?e Iieueu?. Aeena?oaio ?icoe?ea aeaea?aeueio aaco, a?aooaaa
caeiaooee a?o/eciyii? ? ca?oa?aeii? oaoiai? e?oa?aoo?e. Oea aeaei ciiao,
ii-ia?oa, a?ae?eoe a?ae ca?aeaieia?ciaaiino? ? noa?aioei?a, ui
caeeoeeeny c ?aaeyinueeeo /an?a. Ii-ae?oaa, a?aeoai?eoe oe?e?nio ea?oeio
ae?yeueiino? oe?a?inueeeo eaoieeoeueeeo ia’?aeiaiue oa ?o i?noea ? ?ieue
o noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiio aeeoo? ?aa?iio. Ii-o?ao?, aeie?aieoe ??ci?
oa/?? o?enoeyinueei-noni?eueiiai ?ooo oa i?iaanoe ?o iie?oieia?/iee
aiae?c. Ii-/aoaa?oa, ?ic?iaeoe no?oeoo?o i?iaeaie, yea aea? iiaeeea?noue
eiiieaenii ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe o?enoeyinueei-noni?eueiee ?oo a eiioaeno?
iie?oe/ieo ?aae?e.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaoa??aee ? aeniiaee
aeena?oaoe?? iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeey aiae?co
noni?eueii-iie?oe/ieo i?ioean?a Aaee/eie, aea?aeaaieie ? ia?o?eieie
no?oeoo?aie a no/aniiio iie?oe/iiio aeeoo?, a oaeiae o
iaoeiai-iaaeaaia?/i?e i?aeoeoe?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aoee ai?iaiaai? o
Oeaio?? i?iaeai Oea?eae ? aoiieiioan?eieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?inoeoooo
iie?oe/ieo oa aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae ia
eaoaae?? ?noi??? Oe?a?ie I?eea?iaonueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.A.Noaoaieea, a
iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeyo oa ia /ioe?ueio i?aeia?iaeieo ? anaoe?a?inueeeo
iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo: “Niaaeueia ieo?iiieeoa A.Oaioeoeueeiai o
iaoe?iiaeueiiio ? aeooiaiiio a?ae?iaeaeaii? Oe?a?ie” (eenoiiaae 1994,
i.?aaii-O?aie?anuee), “?noi??y ?ae?a?e a Oe?a?i?. VI I?aeia?iaeiee
e?oaeee no?e” (o?aaaiue 1995 ?., i.Euea?a), “Aa?anoy 1596” a ?noi?e/i?e
aeie? oe?a?inoaa” (eenoiiaae 1996 ?., i.Oa?iii?eue),
“Oe?a?inueei-iieuenuee? a?aeiineie a Aaee/ei? o 20 no.” (eenoiiaae 1996,
i.?aaii-O?aie?anuee).

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?? iiaoaeiaaia ca o?iiieia?/ii-i?iaeaiiei
i?eioeeiii. ?iaioa ianyaii 176 noi??iie neeaaea?oueny c anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a (caaaeii 158 noi??iie), nieneo aeei?enoaieo
aeaea?ae ? e?oa?aoo?e (216 iaeiaioaaiue ianyaii 18 noi??iie).

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue, i?aaeiao ? ia’?eo
aeine?aeaeaiiy, o?iiieia?/i? ?aiee, ie?aneaii nooi?iue iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee
oaie oa ?? aeaea?aeueio aaco, aecia/aii iaoo, caaaeaiiy, iaoiaeieia?/io
iniiao aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaoeiao iiaecio ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe oa ??
ai?iaaoe?th.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? «Noaiiaeaiiy oa iie?oe/ia aaiethoe?y
o?enoeyinueei-noni?eueiiai ?ooo Aaee/eie iai?ee?ioe? O?O – ii/. OO no.»
aeine?aeiee coieiy?oueny ia:

1) i?e/eiao aeieeiaiiy eea?eeaeueii-eiina?aaoeaii? oa/?? a oe?a?inueeiio
iie?oe/iiio oaai??, ?? nioe?aeueieo ei?aiyo oa ?aeaeieo canaaeao;

2) aaiethoe?? iie?oe/ieo iiaeyae?a aaeeoeueeeo eea?eeae?a.

Aeena?oaio noaa?aeaeo?, ui oe?a?inueeee o?enoeyinueei-noni?eueiee ?oo
Aaee/eie aeiee iai?ee?ioe? O?O no. a eiioaeno? no?oeoo?ecaoe??
iie?oe/iiai aeeooy e?ath, i?enei?aiith iieuenueei-oe?a?inueeith oaiaeith
– «iiaith a?ith». Eiai iiyaa coiiaeaia aeie?aieaiiyi c iii??eiaaiiai
e?eea ia?iaeiaoe?a iaoe?iiaeueii? ?ae?a?eii-eiina?aaoeaii? oa/??, ui
ciaeoea nai? i?aai?caoe?eia ioi?ieaiiy o noai?aiiio a 1896 ?.
Eaoieeoeueeiio ?onueei-ia?iaeiiio nithc? (E?IN).

A?oiooth/enue ia ?aeayo «iiai? a?e», aano?io?euenoaa oa
cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeiai eea?eeae?cio, o?enoeyinuee? noni?eueieee
?ai?acaiooaaee i?aaa e?eei oe?a?inueeiai iie?oe/iiai niaeo?o, aenooiaee
ia caoeno eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi?o ? ?ae?a?eieo i?aa aaeeoeueeeo oe?a?ioe?a,
i?iiaaoaaee aaoiiii?th Aaee/eie a iaaeao Aano?i-Oai?ueie, noni?euei?
?aoi?ie a aeon? o?enoeyinueei? aoeee.

Caaaeath/e ia iaiiioey?i?noue a e?a? oaiaeianoaa, aiie, iii?e i?oeiee
aieea a?aei-eaoieeoeueei? oea?eae, iaee neaaeo nioe?aeueio aaco c /enea
oaiaeianueei? /anoeie ?ioae?aaioe?? oa ee??o.

Iino?eia ?aii?oaaiy iieyeaie oiia «iiai? a?e» coiiaeei ia ceai? 19-20
no. o aaeeoeueeeo eea?eeaeueieo eieao iie?oe/io aaiethoe?th, yea
c?oeioaaea iiaia??anueeo i???ioaoe?th oa caeeceea ?o iiceoe?? c
iaoe?iiae-aeaiie?aoaie. I?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi oeueiio noaee ni?euei?
naoean?? oe?a?inueeeo iine?a o 1901 oa 1903 ??.

I?ioa ae?yeuei?noue eea?eeaeueieo eiina?aaoi??a o neeaae? oe?a?inueeiai
iie?oe/iiai oaai?o ia ci?oeieea ?o aaoi?eoaoo. Oe?a?inueeee iie?oeeoi ia
i?a caaooe oaiaeianoaa o?enoeyinueeeo noni?eueiee?a. C ?ioiai aieo,
iieyee aeaiiino?oaaee nai? iacaaeiaieaiiy iiaei iie?oe/iei eo?nii
aaeeoeueeeo eea?eeae?a. Oiio E?IN i?ney ii?acee ia naeiiaeo (1904 ?.) oa
ia?eaiaionueeeo (1907 ?.) aeai?ao naii?icionoeany.

Eea?eeaeueii-eiina?aaoeaia oa/?y a?aeiiaeea naith ae?yeuei?noue
iaia?aaeiaei? ia?eaiaionueeeo aeai??a 1911 ?. c ooai?aiiyi
O?enoeyinueei-noni?eueii? ia?o?? (ONI). Aiae?c ?? i?ia?aie aeicaiey?
c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui ONI caa?aaea eiina?aaoeai? canaaee E?IN oa
aaiethoe?ei? oaiaeaioe?? eea?eeaeueiiai oaai?o ii/. 20 no.
Aeio?eioth/enue eaaaeueieo iaoiae?a iie?oe/ii? ai?ioueae, o?enoeyinuee?
noni?eueieee i???iooaaeenue ia caeiaoooy aeaniiai ia?eaiaionueeiai oa
naeiiaiai i?aaenoaaieoeoaa.

A?ae nioe?aeueii? aace, a neeo iacaaieo i?e/ei, iaaaoeaii iicia/eany ia
i?aai?caoe?eiiio noaiiaeaii? ONI, oiaiiaeeeaea ?? o/anoue o
ia?eaiaionueeeo aeai?ao1911 ?. ? coiiaea ii?aceo ia aeai?ao aei
aaeeoeueeiai naeio 1913 ?. C ii/aoeii Ia?oi? na?oiai? a?eie aaeeoeuee?
eea?eeaee i?eieieee naith ae?yeuei?noue.

Iaaaaeaiee a ?iaio? iaoa??ae na?ae/eoue, ui c ?iciaaeii Aano?i-Oai?ueie
oa noaiiaeaiiyi cao?aeiioe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino? a?aeiiaeaia ONI iaea
nai?o i?aaenoaaiee?a o neeaae? Oe?a?inueei? Iaoe?iiaeueii? ?aaee
(OI?aaee) oa I?aeia?o?eii? ?aaee. I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaei ciiao
aeyaeoe c?inoath/o caeaaei?noue i?aai?caoe?eii neaaeeo o?enoeyinueeeo
noni?eueiee?a a?ae o?oaeiaee?a (eieeoi?o iaoe?iiae-aeaiie?ao?a) oa
i?aeii?yaeeoaaiiy nai?? ae?yeueiino? o?ni?e ni?ai?aoe? c Oe?a?inueeith
ia?iaeii-o?oaeiaith ia?o??th (OIOI).

?icae?e ae?oaee aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy – «I?iaeaia
eiinie?aeaoe?? eea?eeaeueii-eiina?aaoeaiiai oaai?o (1920-1929)» –
no?oeoo?ii neeaaea?oueny c aeaio ia?aa?ao?a.

Ia?aa?ao 2.1 «?aeaeia oa i?aai?caoe?eii-iie?oe/ia e?eca
o?enoeyinueei-noni?eueiiai ?ooo a 1920-1924 ??.» a?aee?eaa?oueny
aiae?cii noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai noaiiaeua Aaee/eie. Aeena?oaio
i?aee?aneth?, ui ii?acea iaoe?iiaeueii-aecaieueieo ciaaaiue oa
anoaiiaeaiiy a 1920 ?. iieuenueeiai ieoiaoe?eiiai ?aaeeio a e?a?
noi?ioaaee neooaoe?th, yea oa?aeoa?ecoaaeany iaaecia/ai?noth
i?aeia?iaeii-i?aaiaiai noaoono Aaee/eie ? aiaen?ii?nonueeith iie?oeeith
iieuenueei? aeaaee.

Ca aeaieo ianoaaei o?enoeyinuee? noni?eueieee iaiaaaeeny ci?oeieoe na?e
aieea oeyoii noai?aiiy a?eueo ae?eiai? eaoieeoeueei? no?oeoo?e —
Oe?a?inueeiai o?enoeyinueeiai nithco (OON). Nie?ath/enue ia i?aeo?eieo
oea?eae, a?i i?aoaiaeoaaa ia’?aeiaoe iaoe?iiaeueiee oaa?? o ai?iouea? c
ieoiaoe?eiei ?aaeeiii.

Iaeiae, ia aeoieo aaoi?a, caoiaee aeanoae, a oaeiae ?aeaei? oa
i?aai?caoe?ei? ?ica?aeiino? na?aae aaeeoeueeeo eea?eeae?a, ui
aeyaeeeny

ye i?ae /an aeeneon?? i?i iie?oe/iee (a?oia I.Aa?a?inueeiai —
E.Eoieoeueeiai) /e aiie?oe/iee (a?oia A.Io??iiae/a — O.Aaeoueinueeiai)
noaoon OON, oae ? oeae?aaoiee eo?n Noai?neaanueeiai ?ia?o?aeueiiai
ea??aieoeoaa ia?ae?aneeee ?o eiinie?aeaoe?th a ?aieao OON.

O ca’yceo c oeei ?ic’?aeiai? o?enoeyinuee? noni?eueieee aoee ia
ni?iiiaei? aeoai?eoe aeanio ?aeaeii-iie?oe/io ieaooi?io, oiio
i?iaeiaaeoaaee ae?yeuei?noue o oa?aaoa?? iie?oeee OIOI. Na?ae/aiiyi
oeueiio aoea ?o o/anoue o I?aeia?o?ei?e ?aae? oa i?aeia?o?eieo c’?caeao,
i?aeo?eiea o?oaeiaee?a o aieeiooaaii? ia?aieno ianaeaiiy (1921 ?.) ?
aeai?/i? eaiiai?? aei iieuenueeiai ia?eaiaioo (1922 ?.). Iniaeeai ne?ae
a?aei?oeoe, ui iacaaaeath/e ia ?nioaaiiy a oea?eiaieo eieao
i?eoeeueiee?a ?icoiiiai eiii?ii?no c Iieueuath, i/iethaaieo nayuaieeaie
O.Aieia?ianueeei ? A.Oiieoeiei, a oaeiae ?iciaaeoaaiiy naieo o?oaeiaee?a
ia aaoiiii?no?a (e?aea? A.Aa/einueeee) oa naiino?eiee?a (caei?aeiiia
a?oia ?.Iao?ooaae/a), i?ia?ae ONI a inia? Aa?a?inueeiai i?aeo?eiaa
inoaii?o. Naia c oeeo i??eoaaiue eea?eeaeuei? i?aaenoaaieee aeeoee c
neeaaeo I?aeia?o?eii? ?aaee, aeiaaath/e a?aenoaaee ?? ea??aieea
A.Aa/einueeiai.

O oeueiio ae ia?aa?ao? aaoi? aeiaiaeeoue, ui e?eca oe?a?inueeiai
noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai ?ooo, ni?e/eiaia i?e?aeiaiiyi Aaee/eie aei
Iieueu? (15 aa?aciy 1923 ?.), iiaeeaeea aioo??ia?o?eiee ?iceie o ONI.
Iacia/ia /anoeia o?enoeyinueeeo noni?eueiee?a i?aeo?eiaea
aaoiiii?caoe?ei? ieaie o?oaeiaee?a-oaiaeiaoe?a. Iaoii?noue i?ia?ae ONI
caeeoeany ia iiceoe?yo caei?aeiiii? a?oie OIOI.

E??i ?iciaaeoaaiiy aaeeoeueeeo eea?eeae?a aeyaii e?ece
o?enoeyinueei-noni?eueiiai ?ooo noaea iaaaeaea ni?iaa ooai?eoe a o?aai?
1923 ?. O?enoeyinueei-ia?iaeio ia?o?th (OII). Iaiaaaiiy
eea?eeae?a-aaoiiii?no?a aeei?enoaoe OII aeey ?aae?caoe??
iieuenueei-oe?a?inueeiai ii?icoi?iiy a?aeooiaoioee a?ae ia?
i?eoeeueiee?a I.Aa?a?inueeiai. C ?ioiai aieo o?oaeiaeee-oaiaeiaoe?,
ia?aa?aaoe a o?aai? 1923 ?. i?ia?ae OIOI, ao?aoeee caoe?eaaeai?noue o ??
noai?aii?.

Ca oaeeo ianoaaei ?ic’?aeiaia ONI, iii?e a?iiaaenueeo aeoeai?noue ??
iniiaii? nioe?aeueii? iii?e, aeooiaainoaa, e?oii 1924 ?. i?eieieea naith
ae?yeuei?noue.

O ia?aa?ao? 2.2 — «Iiey?ecaoe?y eea?eeaeueii-eiina?aaoeaieo nee.
Ooai?aiiy Oe?a?inueei? o?enoeyinueei? i?aai?caoe?? oa ?? iie?oeea
(1925-1929)» — aeena?oaio noaa?aeaeo?, ui iiaa iie?oe/ia neooaoe?y,
aeeeeeaia ci?iith noaoono Aaee/eie,

ni?e/eieea ia?aa?oioaaiiy nee a oe?a?inueeiio oaai??, aeeeeeaea
eiinie?aeaoe?ei? oaiaeaioe?? a ?aieao Oe?a?inueeiai
iaoe?iiaeueii-aeaiie?aoe/iiai ia’?aeiaiiy (OIAeI). Iaoii?noue
iiey?ecaoe?y eea?eeaeueieo eiina?aaoi??a nooo?ai iiaeeaeeany. Aeyaii
eiio?iaa?ce noaea ia?yaeiaa aeeneon?y, a oeaio?? yei? aoea i?iaeaia
oeae?aaoo. I?ae ?? aieeaii o o?enoeyinueei-noni?eueieo eieao
aee?enoae?coaaeeny aea? oa/??: i???ioaeueia (a?caio?enueea) oa
ieoeeaeaioaeueia (eaoeinueea).

Caoeuath/e no?aeio (a?caio?enueeo) ia?yaeia?noue a a?aei-eaoieeoeuee?e
oea?ea?, i???ioae?noe, i/iethaai? A.Einoaeueieeii, aenooiaee ca
caa?aaeaiiy iae?oaeaiiai noaio aeooiaainoaa ye aaaeeeai? oiiae ?icaeoeo
oe?a?inueei? ?ioae?aaioe??. ?o iie?oe/ia ieaooi?ia, iicaaaeaia
oaiaeianoaa, aacoaaeany ia ?aeayo iiaoaeiae niai?ii? naiino?eii?
Oe?a?ie. Oea e?eei o?enoeyinueeeo noni?eueiee?a i?aeo?eiaa oe?ieee caaae
a?iiaaenueeino? oa ee??o ia /ie? c ieo?iiieeoii A.Oaioeoeueeei. Ia
noai?eaoe aeanii? iie?oe/ii? i?aai?caoe??, i???ioae?noe aenooieee
nithcieeaie OIAeI.

Eea?eeaee-ieoeeaeaioae?noe (e?aea? A.Oiieoei) — iaaiaee, ni?eeiaee
no?aeiee ia?yae “/enoi neiiaeaeueii ?in?enueeei”, caoeuaee eaoei?caoe?th
oea?eae, cai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaia’yceiaiai oeae?aaoo oiui. Ia a?aeeeaeath/e
?nioaaiiy a iaeaooiueiio iacaeaaeii? niai?ii? Oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae,
aiie aenooiaee c iiceoe?e iie?oe/iiai i?aaiaoecio, i?iiaaoaaee ?aeath
aaoiiii?? Aaee/eie acai?i ca eiyeueiee aei Iieueu? eo?n, ui io?eiaa
iacao “?aaeueia iie?oeea”. Caaaeath/e ia iniaeea?noue ?oi?o iiaeyae?a,
oeth o?enoeyinueei-noni?eueio oa/?th i?aeo?eiaea iaaaeeea oaiaeianueea
a?oia aeooiaainoaa oa na?onueei? ?ioae?aaioe??.

Iieieaoenue a ?cieyoe?? c aieo iaoe?iiaeueiiai oaai?o,
eea?eeaee-ieoeeaeaioae?noe ooai?eee 4 na?iiy 1925 ?. Oe?a?inueeo
o?enoeyinueeo i?aai?caoe?th (OOI), i/iethaaio i?ioiieoeinueeei
nayuaieeii O.Aaeoueinueeei. OOI caa?aaea eiina?aaoeai? canaaee nai?o
iiia?aaeiee?a, aeoeaiooth/e aiaeii/an oaaao ia aaoiiii?caoe?ei?e
ieaooi?i? E?IN. A?aae ?? ae?yeueiino? ioiiethaaa Euea?anueea,
Noai?neaanueea oa Oa?iii?euenueea ai?aiaenoaa Aaee/eie.

I?ioyaii 1925-1927 ??. oo?noe iaiaaaeeny e?ea?aeoaaoe naith
?cieueiaai?noue o e?a? caoiaeaie, ui aoee iicaaaeai? eaoei?caoe?eieo
iaoa?oaaiue. Ae?yeuei?noue eea?eeae?a-ieoeeaeaioae?no?a o oeae ia??iae
i?ioiaeeea a ?one? iiai?thaaiiy ?aaeyiio?euenoaa, iaaaoe??
iieii?caoi?nueei? iie?oeee aeanoae, i?aeo?eiee oe?a?inueeeo eoeueoo?ieo
onoaiia oiui. Ia oeueiio a?oio? a?aeaoaaeany ?o o?nia ni?ai?aoey c
nayuaieeaie-i???ioae?noaie.

Ia aa?o/e aaciina?aaeiuei? o/ano? o iie?oe/iiio aeeoo? e?ath, OOI aei
naeiiaeo aeai??a 1928 ?. ni?ai?aoethaaea c OIAeI oa aaoueiainueeei
?ooii. Canoaeeaoe ia?aaeaeai?/o oaeoeeo iaoe?iiae-aeaiie?ao?a uiaei
iiaeeeaiai nithco c Oe?a?inueeith ?aaeeeaeueiith nioe?ae?noe/iith
ia?o??th (ON?I) o ai?iouea? c ieoiaoe?eiei ?aaeeiii,
eea?eeaee-ieoeeaeaioae?noe a?aeiiaeeeny a?ae i?aeo?eiee OIAeI.
Iani?eeiyooy oe?a?inueeeie iineaie eo?no “?aaeueii? iie?oeee”
i?aeooiaoioei ea??aieoeoai o?enoeyinueei? i?aai?caoe?? ?icoe?eoe ??
i?ia?ae ca ?aooiie I.Iaca?oea ? N.Oiiao?anueeiai, eio?? o o?aai? 1928 ?.
i?aeaiooaaee i?iaeo iie?oe/ii? i?ia?aie OOI c aeoeaiooaaiiyi ?aea?
aaoiiii?? e?ath.

?aeaeii-iie?oe/i? ?icoiaeaeaiiy c aaoueiaioeyie, a iniia? yeeo
aeii?ioaaee a?aei?ii? eiioeaioe?? uiaei a??ia?aeiino? aca?iiaea?aeiiai
iieuenueei-oe?a?inueeiai ii?icoi?iiy oa ?ie? a?aei-eaoieeoeecio a
?ae?a?eiiio aeeoo? oe?a?ioe?a (ia i?eeeaae? iieai?ee i?ae A.Eeieinueeei
? I.Iaca?oeii) iicaaaeee eea?eeae?a-oiieoeioe?a inoaiiueiai nithcieea.

A?aeiiaeaia o?enoeyinueeith i?aai?caoe??th i?iiaaaiaea ieoeeaeaioae?cio
io?eiaea na?e iaea?eueoee aeya o c?i?oe?eiaaiiio A.Oiieoeiei aeoiae?
nayuaiee?a-oo?no?a Noai?neaaueie c iaeiio?ieueiaaieo ieie oe?a?inueeeo
iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?ieo onoaiia. Ia a?oio? ?aae?caoe?? “?aaeueii?
iie?oeee” a ea??aieo eieao OOI iaaoea iioe?aiiy ?aeay ?? o?ainoi?iaoe??
a eaoieeoeueeo iie?oe/io ia?o?th.

Oaeei /eiii, e?eca o?enoeyinueei-noni?eueiiai ?ooo, ni?e/eiaia ii?aceith
iaoe?iiaeueii-aecaieueieo ciaaaiue oa ia?aa?oioaaiiyi nee a
oe?a?inueeiio oaai?? ?iceieiea aaeeoeueeeo eea?eeae?a ca iie?oe/iith oa
?ae?a?eii-ia?yaeiaith i???ioaoe?yie, aee?enoae?coaaea i???ioaeueio oa
ieoeeaeaioaeueio oa/?? ?, oei naiei, oiaiiaeeeaeea ?o caaaeueio
eiinie?aeaoe?th.

?icae?e o?ao?e – «Aeoea?caoe?y noni?eueii-iie?oe/ii? ae?yeueiino?
oe?a?inueeeo eea?eeaeueieo ia’?aeiaiue (1930-1939)» – i?enay/aiee
aiae?co i?e/ei ? iane?aee?a i?aeaeuaii? aeoeaiino? o?enoeyinueeeo
noni?eueiee?a.

O ia?aa?ao? 3.1 – «Ooai?aiiy oa ae?yeuei?noue oe?a?inueeeo eaoieeoeueeeo
ia?o?e ? i?aai?caoe?e a 1930-1934 ??.» – aaoi? aeiaiaeeoue, ui
iieuenueeee iaoeeo?eaoe?eiee ianooi o Aaee/ei? oa ?aaeyinueea iie?oeea
aeieuaiiy oe?a?inoaa a Iaaeaei?i?yiuei? ia ii/.30-o ??. aeeeeeaee iiaa
ia?aa?oioaaiiy noni?eueieo nee, ci?io iie?oe/ieo eiioeaioe?e. Ia oe?
??ceiai iii?aa?iiy noni?eueieo iano?i?a a?aeaoaaeiny ci?oeiaiiy
aaoi?eoaoo I?aai?caoe?? oe?a?inueeeo iaoe?iiae?no?a (IOI) oa ciaioaiiy
?aaeyiio?euenueeiai aieeao.

Iia? iie?oe/i? ?aae?? iicia/eeeny ia noaiiaeu? o?enoeyinueeeo
noni?eueiee?a. I?eoeeueieee A.Oiieoeia, ui aoee iacaaeiaieai?
?aii?oaaiiyi ye iieuenueeith oae ? oe?a?inueeith noi?iiith
aaoiiii?caoe?eiiai eo?no “?aaeueii? iie?oeee” oa inoa??aaeeny aeai?/iai
eiii?ii?no i?ae OIAeI, ON?I e Oe?a?inueeith nioe?ae-aeaiie?aoe/iith
ia?o??th (ONAeI), c iaoith iineeaiiy aeanii? iie?oe/ii? ?ie? 24 aa?aniy
1930 ?. ooai?eee Oe?a?inueeo eaoieeoeueeo ia?iaeio ia?o?th (OEII),
i/iethaaio th?enoii I.Naeyeii. ?? i?ia?aia aacoaaeany ia ?aeayo
ieoeeaeaioaeueiiai eea?eeae?cio, caoenoo iaoe??, iaaaoe?? eiioi?cio. O
naith /a?ao a i???ioaeueieo eieao ca ?i?oe?aoeaith A.Oaioeoeueeiai 1
n?/iy 1931 ?. caniiaaii Oe?a?inueeee eaoieeoeueeee nithc (OEN) ia /ie? c
A.Aeaoeeeaae/ai. Oey eaoieeoeueea i?aai?caoe?y ?icaeyaeaea naaa ye
iaaeia?o?eio no?oeoo?o, iieeeeaio ineaaeoe noia?a/iino? a oe?a?inueeiio
iie?oeeoi?, aenooiaea ca eiinie?aeaoe?th an?o aa?noa oe?a?inueeiai
noni?euenoaa ia iaoe?iiaeueii-o?enoeyinueeeo (ia o?eueee
a?aei-eaoieeoeueeeo) canaaeao, ia i?ioeaaao oaiaeianuee?e OEII
a?aenoithaaea iie?oeeo iii??eiaaii? iiiceoe?? uiaei Iieueu?.

Iaai? iie?oe/i? oa ?ae?a?ei? ?ica?aeiino? i?ae OEII oa OEN
aeaoa?i?ioaaee iania?noue oa i?aeo?eieo a?iiaaenueeino? e?ath naia
eaoieeoeueeiai oa?oioaaiiy A.Aeaoeeeaae/a, a ia eea?eeaeueii? ia?o??.
(Aeey ii??aiyiiy — ia 1932 ?. OEII iaea e??i i?iaiaeo, ui neeaaeaany c
euea?anueei? oa noai?neaanueei? a?oie, eeoa iaeei iia?oiaee ina?aaeie, a
oie /an ye OEN — 80).

Aca?ieie iaio eaoieeoeueeeo i?aai?caoe?e i?ioiaeeee a ?one? noia?a/eeaeo
oaiaeaioe?e, ui ?nioaaee a noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiio aeeoo? Aaee/eie 30-o
??.: ?iciaaeoaaiiy nee oa ia??iaee/ieo ni?iaao ?o eiinie?aeaoe??.

Ni?ai?aoey OEII ? OEN a?aeaoaaeany a ?one? i?iaaaeaiiy ni?eueieo
oa?eoaoeaieo caoiae?a oa ooaa?aeaeaiiy o?enoeyinueei? aoeee.

Aeena?oaio aaaaea?, ui eaoei?caoe?eia i?iiaaaiaea OEII, ?ini??iaaia
ianoe?nueeeie eenoaie A.Oiieoeia, — cie?aia “I?i a?caio?enoai”, — a
oaeiae noai?neaanuee? ia?aaiai?e c iieuenueeeie oaiaeiaoeyie N.Einai,
I.Aiaaeeinueeei ? ?i. 20 ethoiai 1932 ?. aeeeeeaee i?ioenoiyiiy i?ae
eaoieeoeueeith ia?o??th oa OEN. Ai?ioueaa ye i?aaeo oae ? e?aeo nee ca
iieiaeue, ui aeooae?coaaeany a oeae /an, iineeeea iai?oao. ?ae?a?eia
nayoi Oe?a?inueea Iieiaeue O?enoia? (OIO), i?aai?ciaaia oea?eaith 7
o?aaiy 1933 ?. c iaoith a?aeoyaiooe iieiaeue a?ae iaoe?iiae?noe/ieo oa
eiioi?noe/ieo aieea?a, i?aeo?eiaa o?eueee OEN o nithc? c OIAeI. I?ae
eiai aa?aeith noai?aii oiae? ae Eaoieeoeueeo anioe?aoe?th oe?a?inueei?
iieiae? (EAOI). Iaoii?noue OEII, ?aii?oth/e ni?a?ia?oieoeoai c OIAeI,
iicaaaeyea nai?? i?aeo?eiee OEN, — aieeiooaaea OIO, i?aai?coaaea
cai?noue “I?ina?oe” aeani? eaoieeoeuee? /eoaeuei? “Neaea”. E??i oiai
noaaeaiiy aei IOI, iii?e ni?eueia iani?eeiyooy ?? ?aeaieia?? oa
i?aeoeee, iieacaei niaoeeo?eo eo?no iaio eaoieeoeueeeo no?oeoo?:
aaccanoa?aaeio ai?iae?noue OEII oa iaaio oiea?aioi?noue OEN, yeee,
a?aeeeaeath/e aeno?ai?ci IOI, aoa a?aee?eoei aeey ni?ai?aoe?, ni?eeiaa
o?enoeyinueeee iaoe?iiae?ci aaaeeeaei eiinie?aeaoe?eiei /eiieeii.

Ia oe? oe??? eiio?iaa?n?eiino? a?aeaoeeny i?aai?caoe?ei? ci?ie a
eea?eeaeueieo i?aai?caoe?yo. OEII ci?ieea a o?aai? 1932 ?. naith iacao
ia “Oe?a?inueea ia?iaeia iaiiaa” (OII). Iiaa ?aaeaeoe?y ?? i?ia?aie ye ?
e?aea? OII noai?neaanueeee aaeaieao ?.Aieyinueeee, ia?aiee a eenoiiaae?
1933 ?., aeaiiino?oaaee i?aaiaiiy ieoeeaeaioae?no?a ci?oeieoe aieea
a?aei-eaoieeoeueei? oea?eae a e?a?. I?aai?caoe?eiee ?icaeoie OEN oaae
noi?iaiaeaeoaaany ci?iith eiai i?iaiaeo. Cai?noue iiia?aaeiueiai, ui
neeaaeaany aeeeth/ii c euea?anueei? a?oie, o o?aai? 1932 ?. noi?iiaaii
iiaee (caaaeueiiaaeeoeueeee) neeaae ea??aieoeoaa ia /ie? c th?enoii
C.Eoeaaaoeueeei.

Ia aeoieo aaoi?a, eiinie?aeaoe?eiee ?oo a oe?a?inueeiio oaai??,
aeeeeeaiee iie?oeeith aaiioeeaeo ia ?aaeyinuee?e Oe?a?i?,
eiino?oeoecoaaa aca?ieie ?ic’?aeiaieo o?enoeyinueeeo noni?eueiee?a.
Aa?oi cacia/eoe, ui ca caiaeith eaoieeoeueei? ia?o?? OEN 25 eeiiy
1933 ?. oa?eoia aei neeaaeo A?iiaaenueeiai eii?oaoo ?yooieo Oe?a?ie. OII
i?e i?aeo?eioe? OEN aia?oa nie?aea?ecoaaeany c OIAeI, ON?I oa ONAeI,
acyea o/anoue a i?aai?caoe?? Anaoe?a?inueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai eiia?ano
(AIE). Iacaaaeath/e ia iaaio iiiceoe?ei?noue ?? i?aaenoaaiee?a,
iaoiiaeaiith ?aeaeii-iie?oe/iith ieaooi?iith OII, a naia i?iiaaaiaeith
?aea? aaoiiii?? Aaee/eie, iaaaoe??th a??ia?aeii? aeaiie?aoe/ii? iiaeae?
iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio a iaeaooi?e niai?i?e Oe?a?i? oa o?nii? ni?ai?aoe?
aaeeoeueeiai iie?oeeoio c iiia?o?noaie-aaoueiaioeyie, ia?aaeeiia?ania?
ia?aaee 1934 ?. ci?oeieee aieea eaoieeoeueei? ia?o??.

O aeniiaeo aeine?aeiee iaaieioo?, ui aeoea?caoe?y noni?eueii-iie?oe/ii?
ae?yeueiino? eaoieeoeueeeo i?aai?caoe?e, aeeeeeaia aeieuaiiyi oe?a?inoaa
ia Iaaeaei?i?yiuei? oa iaoeeo?eaoe?eiith iie?oeeith iieuenueeeo aeanoae
o Aaee/ei?, no?oeoo?ecoaaea eea?eeaeueii-eiina?aaoeaiee oaa?? a ?aieao
OEII (OII) oa OEN, ? oei naiei, caaa?oeea i?ioean
?aeaeii-i?aai?caoe?eiiai noaiiaeaiiy aeaio oa/?e a
o?enoeyinueei-noni?eueiiio ?on?.

O ia?aa?ao? 3.2 – «Eea?eeaeueii-eiina?aaoeaiee oaa?? o 1935-1939 ??.» –
aeena?oaio aiae?co?, ii-ia?oa, iie?oeei-i?aaiao neooaoe?th a Iieueu? oa
Aaee/ei?, ii-ae?oaa, ?? aieea ia noaiiaeua o?enoeyinueeeo noni?eueiee?a.

Aaoi? noaa?aeaeo?, ui e?eca ia?eaiaionueei-aeaiie?aoe/ii? nenoaie,
aeanoeaa aeey an??? ?a?iie 30-o ??., ci?oeieea aioeaeaiie?aoe/i?
oaiaeaioe?? a Iieueu?. Aeai?/ee caeii 1935 ?. iicaaaeya oe?a?inuee?
ia?o?? oain?a iaoe aeania ia?eaiaionueea i?aaenoaaieoeoai. O ca’yceo c
oeei /anoeia iaoe?iiae-aeaiie?ao?a i?e i?aeo?eioe? noeeueieo aei oaiaee
o?yaeiaoe?a ?icii/aea ii?iae?caoe?th iieuenueei-oe?a?inueeeo aca?iei. Ia
a?oio? eiii?ii?no, iieuenueea noi?iia ciaia’ycoaaeany ?aae?coaaoe iaai?,
ia?aaaaeii eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi? oa nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? aeiiae
oe?a?ioe?a acai?i ca aeciaiiy OIAeI-i i??i?eoaoiino? ?ioa?an?a
Iieuenueei? aea?aeaae. ?acii c oei, iaoe?iiae-aeaiie?aoe i?iiaaoaaee
?aeath iaoe?iiaeueii-oa?eoi??aeueii? aaoiiii?? oe?a?inueeeo caiaeue a
iaaeao Iieueu?. Iie?oeea ii?iae?caoe?? aeeeeeaea iiiceoe?th a OIAeI oa
aino?a caia?a/aiiy ?ioeo oe?a?inueeeo ia?o?e. Eiinie?aeaoe?eiee i?ioean
a ?aieao AIE i?ecoieieany.

Nai? noaaeaiiy aei ii?iae?caoe?? i?iaeaiiino?oaaee oaeiae aaeeoeuee?
eea?eeaee. I?ia?ae OEN, iiaithth/enue aeaeueoiai ci?oeiaiiy
aaoi?eoa?ecio a Iieueu? oa ona?aeiiethth/e iaiiaeeea?noue ?aae?caoe?? ia
oie /an caaaeueiioe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaii-naiino?eieoeueei? ?aea?,
i?aeo?eiaa oaiaeo. Ia oeyo ii?iae?caoe?eii? iie?oeee noaea OII.
Iiaeieaaoe aioo??oi? noia?a/iino? uiaei aeioe?eueiino? ?? o/ano? o
aa?aniaaeo aeai?ao 1935 ?. (I.Iaca?oe), /e aeai?/i? ianeaiino? /a?ac
i?aai?caoe?eio neaae?noue (A.Oiieoei), eaoieeoeueea ia?o?y io?eiaea aeaa
i?noey a iieuenueeiio ia?eaiaio?. ?? i?aaenoaaieee — iinie ?.Aieyinueeee
oa naiaoi? ?.Eiaiaee/ — oa?eoee a neeaae Oe?a?inueei? ia?eaiaioa?ii?
?ai?acaioaoe?? (OI?).

Aeine?aeiee caa?oa? oaaao ia oa, ui iaaaeaea ni?iaa iie?aueoe aca?ieie
iaio ia?iae?a, ia?o ca ana c aeie iieuenueeeo aeanoae, ni?e/eieea
e?eciao neooaoe?th a OI?. Aiia aeyaeeany o:

1) iaiaeiaeiaiio ?icoi?ii? oe?a?inueeeie oaiaeiaoeyie oi?ie
ia?eaiaionueei? ni?ai?aoe? (OIAeI aenooiaei ca iie?oe/iee aeie oa
e?aea?noai a iueiio, OII – ca ??aiii?aaio eiae?oe?th);

2) a?aeiia? OIAeI o nithc? c ?.Aieyinueeei ? ?.Eiaiaee/ai

ooai?eoe ni?eueiee ia?eaiaionueeee eeoa c oe?a?inueeeie iineaie Aieei?
oa aino??e e?eoeoe? oaeiai eo?no A.Oiieoeiei ? I.Iaca?oeii.

Ia aeinyaioaoe eiinainono, OII aeeoea c neeaaeo OI?, iaeiae

caciaea i?e oeueiio cia/ieo i?aai?caoe?eieo ci?i. ?? ia?eaiaionuee?
i?aaenoaaieee aoee aeeeth/ai? c ia?o??, e?ea?aeiaaii iinaaeo aieiae OII.

A?ae caaie?oo?eiai iie?oe/iiai eo?no oaeaeei a?aeiaaeoaaany OEN.
Eaoae?caoi?ii noaea aeiiaa aeanoae i?eeiyoe iiaee noaooo (26 a?oaeiy
1935 ?.), ca yeei eaoieeoeueea i?aai?caoe?y a yeino? ?ae?a?eiiai
oiaa?enoaa iaiaaeoaaea ae naith ae?yeuei?noue Euea?anueeith
a?oe?ia?o??th. Iiaee i?ia?ae OEN i/ieea i?ioeaiee oaiaee — noaeaey
I.Ea?aoieoeueeee.

Naith iiaeaeueoo ae?yeuei?noue eea?eeaeuei? ia’?aeiaiiy i?iaiaeeee /a?ac
eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi? ? oa?eoaoeai? caoiaee, i?iiaaaiaeo ?iaeeiieo
oe?iiinoae oiui. Iniaeeaith aeoeai?noth oa a?iiaaenueeith i?aeo?eieith
a?aecia/aany OEN. I?aai?ciaai? iei e?oa?aoo?i? eiieo?ne, ye ? noai?aiiy
ia aac? EAOI ianiaiai iieiae?aeiiai oiaa?enoaa “I?ee” (1 ea?oiy 1937 ?.)
iai/ii iieacaee c?inoaiiy aieeao OEN. Iaoii?noue OII /a?ac i?aai?caoe?th
aieeioo ai?iaeeo aei naaa /aniien?a ? i?aeo?eiee ?icii?yaeeo A.Oiieoeia
noiniaii i?eioniaiai onoiaiiy nayuaiee?a Noai?neaaueie c on?o
oe?a?inueeeo iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?ieo onoaiia (eenoiiaae 1937 ?.),
aeeeeeaea aino?o e?eoeeo a?iiaaenueeino? oa /anoeie ee??o. Aeo?ae
eaoieeoeueeeo /eoaeaiue “Neaea” c-i?ae aieeao OII na?ae/ea i?i iaae?iiy
?? aaoi?eoaoo.

E?ao ii?iae?caoe??, caaino?aiiy aioo??oi?o ? ciai?oi?o ianoaaei noai?eee
ia?aaeoiiae aeey iiai? eiinie?aeaoe?? iaoe?iiaeueiiai iie?oe/iiai oaai?o
a ?aieao Oe?a?inueeiai eiioaeoiiai eii?oaoo (OEE). OII oa OEN
i?aeo?eiaee eiinie?aeaoe?eiee i?ioean.

Iaeiae, ye iieacaei i?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy, /a?ac i?ioenoiyiiy
?aeaieia?/ieo oa aocueeiia?o?eieo ?ioa?an?a OEE ia aaeaeiny ooai?eoe
?aeeiee iie?oe/iee i?ia?ae — Anaoe?a?inueeo iaoe?iiaeueio ?aaeo (AI?).
Na?aae aaeeoeueeeo eea?eeae?a ?ica?aeiino? aeyaeeeny o a?aeiia? OII
ni?ai?aoethaaoe c e?ai?aaeeeaeueieie neeaie oe?a?inueeiai iie?oe/iiai
niaeo?o oa aino??e e?eoeoe? eiia??ii? o/ano? A.Oaioeoeueeiai a ?iaio?
AI?. Ae?yeuei?noue eaoieeoeueeeo no?oeoo? coieieea o aa?ani? 1939 ?.
Ae?oaa na?oiaa a?eia.

O aeniiaeao ocaaaeueiaii iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. O?enoeyinueei-noni?eueiee ?oo ?ai?acaiooaaa i?aaa eea?eeaeueia e?eei
cao?aeiioe?a?inueeiai iie?oe/iiai oaai?o. Ia’?aeiaaoe eiina?aaoeaii
iano?i?io /anoeio a?iiaaenueeino? oa ee??o, a?i aenooiaa ia caoeno
iaoe?iiaeueieo, eoeueoo?ieo ? ?ae?a?eieo i?aa aaeeoeueeeo oe?a?ioe?a.

2. Ia i?eeeaae? ae?yeueiino? E?IN (1896-1907) ? ONI (1911-1924)
a?aeaoeany iie?oe/ia aaiethoe?y o?enoeyinueeeo noni?eueiee?a, a
?acoeueoao? yei? aiie noaee ia aea?aeaaii-naiino?eieoeuee? iiceoe??.

3. ?aeaeia oa i?aai?caoe?eii-iie?oe/ia e?eca
eea?eeaeueii-eiina?aaoeaiiai oaai?o, coiiaeaia ii?aceith
iaoe?iiaeueii-aecaieueieo ciaaaiue, oiaiiaeeeaeea eiai eiinie?aeaoe?th,
ni?e/eieea ioi?ieaiiy ia na?aaeeio 20-o ??. ieoeeaeaioaeueii? oa
i???ioaeueii? oa/?e.

4. Ieoeeaeaioaeuei? eaoieeoeuee? ia’?aeiaiiy OOI (1925-1929) oa OEII-OII
(1930-1939) ia a?oio? “?aaeueii? iie?oeee” aenooiaee c ?aea?th
iieuenueei-oe?a?inueei? oaiaee ia canaaeao aaoiiii?? Aaee/eie,
i?iiaaoaaee oea?eiaii-ia?yaeia? eaoei?caoe?ei? ?aoi?ie. Niaoeeo?ea
?ae?a?eiiai eo?no ieoeeaeaioae?no?a iaoiiaeea ?o ?cieueiaai?noue o e?a?.
Iie?oe/ia aieeaia?noue oe??? oa/?? aecia/aeany ??aiai oaiaeianueeeo
oaiaeaioe?e a oe?a?inueeiio oa,ai??, ui ciaeoia na?e iaea?eueoee aeya o
ii?iae?caoe?ei?e iie?oeoe? 1935 ?.

5. Eea?eeaee-i???ioae?noe, caoeuath/e no?aeio ?ae?a?eio ia?yaeia?noue oa
i?iiaaoth/e caaaeueiioe?a?inueea ?aeiaiiy, ei?e-nooaaeeny cia/iith
i?aeo?eieith a Aaee/ei?. Ia noai?eaoe aeanii? iie?oe/ii? i?aai?caoe??,
aiie o ae?oa?e iieiaei? 20-o ??. aenooiaee a neeaae? OIAeI, a a 30-o ??.
— a ?aieao OEN.

6. ??ci? o?enoeyinueei-noni?euei? oa/?? i?iaiaeeee aeoeaio
iaoe?iiaeueio, eoeueoo?ii-ina?oith oa ?ae?a?eio ae?yeuei?noue, ni?aaeee
cia/iee aieea ia ?icaeoie oe?a?inueei? iie?oe/ii? aeoiee, aenooieaoe, c
iaeiiai aieo ?ai?acaioaioaie ?aea? aaoiiii?? Aaee/eie oa c ae?oaiai —
iaoe?iiaeueii? eiinie?aeaoe?? c iaoith iiaoaeiae niai?ii? naiino?eii?
Oe?a?ie. O?enoeyinueei-noni?eueiee ?oo a inia? eaoieeoeueeeo iie?oe/ieo
ia?o?e ? i?aai?caoe?e aoa ?inoeoooe?eiith neeaaeiaith /anoeiith
cao?aeiioe?a?inueeiai iaoe?iiaeueii-iie?oe/iiai ?ooo.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? a oaeeo
ioae?eaoe?yo aaoi?a:

1. Oe?a?inueeee o?enoeyinueei-noni?eueiee ?oo Aaee/eie a 20-o ??. OO no.
– Ee?a, 1998. – 56 n.;

2. I?iaeaia oeae?aaoo a o?enoeyinueei-noni?eueiiio aeeoo? Aaee/eie
20-o-30-o ?ie?a OO noie?ooy // Aaee/eia. – ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1997. —
?1. – N.58-62;

3. O ai?iouea? ca oea?eao, iaoe?th e aea?aeaao (o ni?aaaoi?noa?) //
Aaee-

/eia. – ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1998. — ?1. – N.67-92;

4. Oe?a?inueeee o?enoeyinueei-noni?eueiee ?oo Aaee/eie a ia??iae COI? //
A?niee I?eea?iaonueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Na??y ?noi?e/i? iaoee. –
?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1998. – Aei.1. – N.127-134;

5. Aiae?ae Oaioeoeueeee ? Oe?a?inueeee eaoieeoeueeee nithc // ?noi??y
?ae?a?e a Oe?a?i?: Oace iia?aeiieaiue V? I?aeia?iaeiiai e?oaeiai noieo
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6. Ia?yaeiaa aeeneon?y a o?enoeyinueei-noni?eueiiio ?on? Aaee/eie
(20-30-o? ??. OO no.) // «Aa?anoy 1596» a ?noi?e/i?e aeie? oe?a?inoaa:
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7. Oe?a?inueea eaoieeoeueea ia?iaeia ia?o?y ? i?iaeaia
iieuenueei-oe?a?inueeiai ii?icoi?iiy // Oe?a?inueei-iieuenuee?
a?aeiineie a Aaee/ei? o OO no.: Iaoa??aee i?aeia?iaeii?
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??. – ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1997. – N.221-224.

AIIOAOe?ss

Iineaethe I.O. Oe?a?inueeee o?enoeyinueei-noni?eueiee ?oo a Aaee/ei?
(1920-1939 ??.). — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iie?oe/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 23.00.02. – Iie?oe/i? ?inoeoooe oa i?ioeane.-
?inoeooo iie?oe/ieo ? aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie,
Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ?noi?eei-iie?oieia?/iiio aeine?aeaeaiith
ae?yeueiino? oe?a?inueeeo eea?eeaeueieo ia’?aeiaiue — neeaaeiaeo
no?oeoo? o?enoeyinueei-noni?eueiiai ?ooo Aaee/eie o i?aeai?iiee ia??iae.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui iie?oeei-i???ioaoe?ei? oa ?ae?a?ei? a?aei?iiino? o
eea?eeaeueieo eieao ni?e/eieee ?o iiey?ecaoe?th a ?aieao i???ioaeueii?
(no?aeii?) oa ieoeeaeaioaeueii? (cao?aeii?) oa/?e. ?iciaaeiaai?
eaoieeoeuee? ia?o?? oa i?aai?caoe?? ??cieeeny iaiaeiaeiaei aieeaii ia
noni?eueii-iie?oe/ia aeeooy e?ath, aenooiaee, c iaeiiai aieo,
?ai?acaioaioaie ?aea? aaoiiii?? Aaee/eie ? c ae?oaiai — iaoe?iiaeueii?
eiinie?aeaoe?? oe?a?ioe?a c iaoith iiaoaeiae niai?ii? noaa?aiii?
Oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: Oe?a?inueeee o?enoeyinueei-noni?eueiee ?oo, Aaee/eia,
eaoieeoeuee? iie?oe/i? ia?o??, eea?eeaeuei? i?aai?caoe??.

Iineaethe I.O. Oe?aeineia o?enoeainei-iauanoaaiiia aeaeaeaiea a Aaeeoeee
(1920-1939 aa.). – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iieeoe/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 23.00.02. – Iieeoe/aneea einoeooou e i?ioeannu. –
Einoeooo iieeoe/aneeo e yoiiiaoeeiiaeueiuo enneaaeiaaiee IAI Oe?aeiu,
Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enoi?eei-iieeoieiae/aneiio enneaaeiaaieth
aeayoaeueiinoe oe?aeineeo eea?eeaeueiuo iauaaeeiaiee – ninoaaiuo
no?oeoo? o?enoeainei-iauanoaaiiiai aeaeaeaiey Aaeeoeee a iaaeaiaiiue
ia?eiae. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi iieeoeei-i?eaioaoeeiiiua e ?aeeaeiciua
?acee/ey a eea?eeaeueiuo e?oaao aucaaee eo iiey?ecaoeeth a ?aieao
i?eaioaeueiiai (ainoi/iiai) e ieoeeaeaioaeueiiai (caiaaeiiai) oa/aiee.
?acuaaeeiaiiua eaoiee/aneea ia?oee e i?aaiecaoeee ioee/aeenue
iaiaeeiaeiaui aeeyieai ia iauanoaaiii-iieeoe/aneoth aeeciue e?ay,
aunooiaee, n iaeiie noi?iiu, ?ai?acaioaioaie eaeae aaoiiiiee Aaeeoeee, a
n ae?oaie – iaoeeiiaeueiie eiinieeaeaoeee oe?aeioeaa, n oeaeueth
iino?iaiey noaa?aiiiai niai?iiai Oe?aeineiai ainoaea?noaa.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: Oe?aeineia o?enoeainei-iauanoaaiiia aeaeaeaiea,
Aaeeoeey, eaoiee/aneea iieeoe/aneea ia?oee, eea?eeaeueiua i?aaiecaoeee.

M.Moskalyuk. The Ukrainian Christian-Social Movement in Galychyna region
(1920-1939). — Manuscript.

Thethis for awarding the degree of Master of political sciences, the
speciality number 23.00.02. – Political Institutions and Processes. –
Institute of Political and Ethnic-National Investigation of NAS of
Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999.

The Ukrainian clerical parties and organizations as structural units of
the Galychyna Christian-Social Movement in Poland at between-wars period
have been investigated in the thethis.

The work consists of the introduction, three chapters, conclusions,
lists of the used literature.

In the introduction the thethis actuality has been proved, the subject
and object of the investigation and its chronological period have been
defined. There has been done the detailed analysis concerning the level
of working out the problem. The metodological background, purpose and
tasks, scientific actuality, practical importance and aprobation of the
results of the investigation have been defined.

In the first chapter «Formation and Political Evolution of the
Christian-Social Movement in Galychyna region» the author affirms, that
this movement has appeared under the condition of formation party and
political system at the region, expedited by the Polish-Ukrainian
agreement «new era» and by the foundation in 1896 Catholic Rus-Folk
Union (CRFU). Its representatives tried to normalize relations with the
local polish administration, limiting by this movement participations
only in cultural-educational measures. Under the influence of the
west-europian ideas of clericalism the leaders of this movement appealed
for strengthening church influence (in Galychyna-Greek Catholic Church)
on social and political life.

Constant ignorance of the «new era» conditions by the Poles caused

at the beginning of the XXth century political evolution of the
Christian-Social movement, which ruined its «new era» orientations and
opened the perspectives for collaborations with national-democrats.
These tendencies have especially appeared at the Christian Social Party
(ChSP), founded in 1911 instead the Christian-Social Movement.

In the second chapter «Problem of cleric-Conservative consolidation
(1920-1929)» the author proves that the defeat of national liberation
movement and occupation of Galychyna region by Poland caused crysis of
the Ukrainian Social-political movement, including the Christian-Social
Party (ChSP). In 1924 it stopped its activity. Its members didn’t found
their own political organizations. They divided into the supporters of
the new Ukrainian-polish agreement (autonomists) and their rivals.
Religious and ritual discussion in the middle of 20th in the matter of
which was the problem of priority of oriental (Byzantine) or western
(lathin) influences on Greek-Catholic Church, finally, devided the
clerical camp into oriental (Byzantine) and occidental (lathin) trends.

The political background of the orientals was based on the ideas of
sovereign Ukraine building. Having a support within a society they
participated in the Ukrainian National-Democratic Union (UNDU). Quite
opposite the orientals, the occidentals, representing agreemental
autonomic trend of clerical political thought, in 1925 founded the
Ukrainian Christian Organization (UchO), which was an opposition to
parties of national-state trend.

In the third chapter «Activization of Social-Political activity of the
Ukrainian clerical units (1930-1939)» the author pays attention to the
fact that the Polish pacifistic offensive in Galychyna region and also
the annihilation of the Ukrainians at the Dnipro region expedited
christian-social participators to drastic actions. They provided their
political activity in two organizations – in the Ukrainian Catholic
People’s Party (from 1932-the Ukrainian People’s Obnova) and the
Ukrainian Catholic Union (UCU).

Continuing the autonomical policy of cleric-occidentals the Ukrainian
Catholic Union and the Ukrainian National-Democratic Union tried again
to normalize the Polish-Ukrainian relations in 1935. The defeat of this
try traced on the state of the organization.

The Ukrainian Catholic Union, in its turn, supported by the society,
acted as an over-party organization and propagandized the idea of
sovereign Ukraine.

The cultural, educational and religious activity of catholic structures
has been also investigated in this chapter, especially their
social-political

interaction with other organizations of the region.

In the conclusion the author gives a brief summery of the investigation.

Key-words: the Ukrainian Christian-Social movement, Galychyna region,
catholic parties, clerical organizations.

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