EE?ANUeEEE OI?AA?NEOAO ?IAI? OA?ANA OAA*AIEA

NIEIEIANUeEA OAOssIA A?EAI??AIA

OAeE 801.323.(038) = 808.3

Oe?a?inueea oa?i?iieia?y c aaiaoeee:

iioiaeaeaiiy, no?oeoo?a, nenoaii?noue

(e?iaa?noe/ia i?iaeaiaoeea)

10.02.01 – oe?a?inueea iiaa

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe??

ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

E e ? a — 1 9 9 9

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? iiae Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee –eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio
OAA*AIEI E.?., caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? iiae Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aieaIo?oe?ei? iiiiaioe
–aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe IAUAE I.I., caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo e?iaa?noeee
Oe?a?inueeiai iiaii-?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oiiaeo IAI Oe?a?ie;

eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe OA?EOIIIAA O.A., noa?oee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee ?inoeoooo iiaiciaanoaa ?i. I.I.Iioaai? IAI
Oe?a?ie.–I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa –a?aeae?e noee?noeee oa
eoeueoo?e iiae ?inoeoooo oe?a?inueei? iiae IAI Oe?a?ie

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “16” ea?oiy 1999 ?ieo i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.001.19 a Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao?
?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (252033, i. Ee?a, aoeueaa? Oaa/aiea, 14)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. O.Oaa/aiea (i. Ee?a, aoe. Aieiaeeie?nueea, 58, e. 10)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “16” ea?oiy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio E. ?. OAOIAA

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

I?aaeiaoii aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? oe?a?inueea oa?i?iieia?y c
aaiaoeee, ui ?icaeyaea?oueny a aniaeo? ?? oi?ioaaiiy, ooieoe?iioaaiiy oa
nenoaiii-iiiyo?eieo ca’yce?a. Oeae eiiieaeniee i?aeo?ae aeicaiey?
iinoaaeoe ieoaiiy i?i niaoeeo?eo oa?i?i?a ye eaene/ieo iaeeieoeue,
aeine?aeeoe oa?i?iieia?th c aaiaoeee ye nenoaio, a oaeiae ?icaeyiooe
i?iaeaio noaae?aeueiino? i?ioeano i?ciaiiy aaiaoe/ieo i?ioean?a oa ?o
iioeiaeueii? iiaii? ?ai?acaioaoe??.

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy coiiaeaia eiai
i???ioiaai?noth ia o? iiaiciaa/? eiioeaioe??, ye? eiino?oeoeaii, ia
??ai? oai?aoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy, a?aeaeaathoue caeiiii??i?
aca?iica’ycee ??ciiai oa?aeoa?o i?ae iiaith oa ieneaiiyi (a?ae ?ia?o
A.I.Na?aa?aiieeiaa ? I.N.Iaeueie/oea aei no/anieo eiioeaioe?e ?.Iaaanee,
I.N.Eoa?yeiai? oa ?i.). Eia?ea oeueiai i?aeoiaeo coiiaeaia oei, ui
?iaioe ?c e?iaa?noe/iiai aiae?co aaeocaaeo oa?i?iieia?e caeaa?eueoiai
i???ioothoueny ia aioo??oiueiiiaiciaa/ee iien ne?a-oa?i?i?a. Iniiaieie
aniaeoaie aiae?co o o?aaeeoe?ei?e oai??? ? /eiieee oa?i?iioai?aiiy,
ii?oieia?/i? oi?iaioe, ui ooai?ththoue oa?i?ie, aaiaoe/ia
i?eiaeaaei?noue oa?i?i?a, a?aeiia?aei?noue neiaa-oa?i?ia iicia/oaaiiio
iei iiiyooth, eaeneei-a?aiaoe/i? a?oie oa?i?i?a iaaii? aaeoc?. Ia ie?aio
oaaao caneoaiaothoue oaeiae ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo oa?i?iinenoai,
aeae?eaiiy ?a?no??a iaaieo iaoeiaeo aeenoeeie?i.

?nio? iaiao?aei?noue iiaeyiooe ia iaeeieoe? oa?i?iinenoai — oa?i?ie oa
ia ?o neeaaeieee c iiceoe?e a?aeia?aaeaiiy ieie i?ciaaaeueiiai i?ioeano
a oe?eiio oa c iiceoe?e ooai?aiiy ieie iaaieo o?aaiaio?a iaoeiai?
ea?oeie na?oo. Oeae i?aeo?ae aeiaeiith i??ith ia a?aei?iy?, ia
ni?inoiao? o?aaeeoe?eieo aiae?oe/ieo iaoiaeee iieno oa?i?iieia?e, i?ioa
a?i iaaea? iiaeeea?noue aeeaoa iiaeaethaaoe aioo??oi?e ci?no oa?i?ia,
aeaoaeuei?oa aiae?coaaoe eiai nenoaii? ca’ycee ia o?eueee iiaiciaa/iai,
a e e?iaaieiai?oeaiiai oa?aeoa?o. Naia oiio a?i oyaey?oueny iai
aei?a/iei aeey aiae?co i?aaeiaoa iaoi? ?iaioe, yea ? ni?iaith ii?aeiaiiy
aeaiaio?a nenoaiiiai oa ?noi?eei-ooieoe?iiaeueiiai iieno oe?a?inueei?
oa?i?iieia?? c aaiaoeee.

Aeiaeaeii, ui oe?a?inueea oa?i?iieia?y c aaiaoeee aein? i?aeoe/ii ia
aoea i?aaeiaoii iiaiciaa/eo aeine?aeaeaiue. Oea iaeei ?c /eiiee?a, ui
aecia/athoue aeooaeuei?noue i?iiiiiaaiiai aiae?co.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?th aeeiiaii a iaaeao
iaoeiai? oaie “?icaeoie oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy neia’yinueeeo iia o no/aniiio
na?o?”, ? 97144, yea ?ic?iaey?oueny eaoaae?ith ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? iiae
o?eieia?/iiai oaeoeueoaoo Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana
Oaa/aiea (ea??aiee oaie – eaiae.o?eie.iaoe, aeioe., caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e Oaa/aiei E.?.; oaio caoaa?aeaeaii ia can?aeaii? eaoaae?e,
i?ioieie ? 1 a?ae 5.01.1997 ?.).

Iaoa ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y ia? ia iao? eiiieaeniee aiae?c oe?a?inueei?
oa?i?iinenoaie c aaiaoeee. Ia?aii iai?yiie ?ooo aeine?aeieoeueei? aeoiee
a?ae yaeu iiae aei aeyaeaiiy ?o no?oeoo?e ? naiaioeee, aeae? – aei
iiaoaeiae ?o iiaeaeae ye ae?ao?ii?/ii?, oae ? neio?ii?/ii?
ni?yiiaaiino?.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa ?iaioe coiiaeea iaiao?aei?noue ae??oaiiy
eiie?aoieo caaea/ aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. aeae?eeoe i??i?eoaoio i?iaeaiaoeeo a aeine?aeaeaii? oa?i?i?a ?
oa?i?iinenoai oa ?ic?iaeoe ?iai/o iiiyoo?ao noaio aiae?co oe?a?inueei?
oa?i?iinenoaie c aaiaoeee (oai?aoeei-iiaiciaa/ee aniaeo);

2. aeine?aeeoe oi?iioai?/? /eiieee noaiiaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? oa?i?iieia??
c aaiaoeee, ?o e?iaaiaaiaoe/i? ca’ycee, c’ynoaaoe iioeaaoe?th
aeioe?eueiino? no/aniiai aeei?enoaiiy, caaaeath/e ia aeai? oaeno?a ?c
aaiaoeee (ae?ao?ii?/iee aniaeo);

3. aeyaeoe nenoaii? ca’ycee ne?a-oa?i?i?a aaiaoe/ii? iaoee — neiii?i??,
aioii?i??, iiii?i??, ia?ii?i??, iie?nai?? (neio?ii?/iee aniaeo
“eaeneno”);

4. aeyaeoe iiiyoo?a? ca’ycee oa?i?i?a c aaiaoeee oa oeeanoe
neiaiee-oacao?on oe?a?inueei? oa?i?iieia?? c aaiaoeee (neio?ii?/iee
aniaeo “eiaino”).

O ?iaio? aeei?enoiaoaaeenue iaoiaee ? i?eeiie e?iaa?noe/iiai aiae?co,
ui ia?aaeaa/athoue eiiieaeniee aiae?c c?a?aiiai iiaiiai iaoa??aeo ia
iniia? i?eioeeio iaiiaii? ?iaeoeoe?? (a?ae iiaieo yaeu aei iiaoaeiae ?o
iiaeaeae), oiio iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy i?noeoue o nia? aeaiaioe oaeeo
iaoiae?a:

1. eiioaenoii-eaeneeia?ao?/iiai (c i?eeiiaie niinoa?aaeaiiy e
eeaneo?eaoe?? iiaieo yaeu oa ??ciiai oeio c?noaaeaiue);

2. oaeniiii?/iiai (c i?eeiiii eeanoa?iiai aiae?co);

3. eaeneei-naiaioe/iiai (c i?eeiiii iiiyoo?ai-oacao?oniiai
i?aaenoaaeaiiy oa nenoaiaoecaoe??).

Aeine?aeieoeueeith aacith ?iaioe ?:

1. iaoa??ae, yeee c?a?aii o aeaeyae? aaoi?nueei? ea?oioaee oa?i?i?a c
aaiaoeee c eaeneeia?ao?/ieo aeaea?ae oa noaoae, i?enay/aieo
i?iaeaiaoeoe? no/anii? aaiaoeee;

2. i?eeeaaee oa ?ethno?aoe?? c e?iaa?noe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ui oaeiae
?ic?iaeythoue ia?aio iaie i?iaeaiaoeeo.

Caaaeueiee ianya ii?aoeueiaaiiai iaoa??aeo noaiiaeoue aeecueei 1000
oa?i?i?a c aaiaoeee, oaeiae a?aeany aei oaaae cia/ia e?euee?noue ?o
aa??aio?a.

Iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno

1. Oa?i?iieia?y c aaiaoeee a no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e iia? noaiiaeoue
iniaeeao eaeneei-naiaioe/io ?aei?noue, ui a?aeaeaa? i?ioean oa
?acoeueoaoe iaoeiaiai i?ciaiiy a aaeoc? aaiaoeee, oa ?o aaeaeaaoio
e?iaa?noe/io ?ioa?i?aoaoe?th.

2. Nenoaii?noue aaiaoe/ii? oa?i?iieia?? ae?aaeaia noeoii?noth
no?oeoo?iaaieo e?iaa?noe/ieo iciae: eaene/ieo, o?acaieia?/ieo,
neiaioai?/eo oa a?aiaoe/ieo, ui oi?iothoueny ?noi?e/ii oa o
a?aeiia?aeiino? aei noee?noe/ieo ia?aiao??a iaoeiaiai oeio eiioi?eaoe??.

3. Oacao?onia i?aaenoaaeaiiy oa?i?iieia?? c aaiaoeee ia’?eoea?ciaaia
e?eoa??yie “eiaino” (iiiyoo?a? a?aeiioaiiy) ? “eaeneno” (eaene/ia
nenoaia iiae), ui ? i?aenoaaiaeie aeey nenoaiiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia i?iaaaeaiiai aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a
oiio, ui:

1. oia?oa a oe?a?inueeiio iiaiciaanoa? i?aaeiaoii aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy aenooia? oe?a?inueea oa?i?iieia?y c aaiaoeee, ui
?icaeyaea?oueny ye neeaaeiee eiiieaeniee ia’?eo, yeee aeiaaa?
no?aoeo?eaoe?eiiai aiae?co ? iiaoaeiae eiai iiaeae? ca aeiiiiiaith
no/anieo iaoiaeee oacao?onii-iiiyoo?aiai i?aaenoaaeaiiy ciaiue;

2. iiaea?oueny a nenoaiaoeciaaiiio ? aeaui aeiiiaiaiiio aeaeyae?
i?ea?iaeueia oeiieia?/ia eeaneo?eaoe?y oa?i?iieia?/ieo e?eoa???a oa
iciae, a oaeiae ?ic?iaeythoueny iiaeaeueo? aniaeoe i?iaeaie
ni?aa?aeianaiino? “iaoe?iiaeueiiai-?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueiiai” o oai?aii?
oa?i?i?a oa oa?i?iinenoai;

3. i?iiiio?oueny ?noi?e/iee iaeyae oi?ioaaiiy oa?i?iieia?? c aaiaoeee ia
oe?ieiio ?noi?eei-iaoeiaiio oe?, iienothoueny neiaioai?/? oi?iaioe
oa?i?i?a c aaiaoeee oa aiae?co?oueny eiiieaen niinia?a ?o neiaioai?o;

4. oia?oa ?ic?iaeythoueny i?eioeeie oeeaaeaiiy oe?a?inueeiai
neiaieea-oacao?ona oa?i?i?a c aaiaoeee, iaoiaeeea eiai iiaoaeiae oa
iaaiaeyoueny i?iai? noaoo?.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui aiia ?
iaei??th c? ni?ia cai?iiiioaaoe oe?e?niee eiioeaiooaeueiee aiae?c
i?iaeaiaoeee oe?a?inueeiai oa?i?iiciaanoaa, eaeneeieia??, naiaioeee oa
neiaioai?o oe?a?inueei? iiae. O aeine?aeaeaii? i?iiiio?oueny oai?aoe/ia
ia??oiooaaiiy ye?nii iiaiai iaoiaeo iieno oa?i?iieia?? –
iiiyoo?ai-oacao?oniiai, a oaeiae eiai canoinoaaiiy aeey aiae?co ?ioeo
aaeocaaeo oa?i?iieia?e.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui
eiai iaoa??ae oa ?acoeueoaoe iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?ae /an
aeeeaaeaiiy oai?aoe/ii? ? i?aeoe/ii? eaeneeieia?? oa eaeneeia?ao??,
neiaioai?o oe?a?inueei? iiae, niaoeeo?n?a ?c i?iaeai oa?i?iiciaanoaa oa
?noi??? ?ic?iaee oa?i?iieia?/ieo i?iaeai a Oe?a?i?, a oaeiae ye
iaoa??ae aeey iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/ieo iin?aiee?a.

Oi?uaiee o Aeiaeaoeo 1 “Neiaiee-oacao?on oe?a?inueei? oa?i?iieia?? c
aaiaoeee” iiaea aooe aeei?enoaiee aeey iio?aa ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai iiooeo oa
eiii’thoa?iiai iiaeaethaaiiy oa?i?iinenoai.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe cae?enithaaeanue:

1. o oiae? iaaiai?aiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy ia can?aeaiiyo
eaoaae?e ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? iiae o?eieia?/iiai oaeoeueoaoo Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea;

2. ia iaoeiaeo oa iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, ?inoeoooo oe?a?inueei? iiae IAI
Oe?a?ie;

3. o 3-o noaooyo, ui aeeeaaeathoue iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe.

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a ?iaioe

Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a,
aeniiae?a, nieneo eaeneeia?ao?/ieo aeaea?ae oa a?ae?ia?ao?/iiai aia?aoo
aeena?oaoe??, i?noeoue oaaeeoe? oa noaie. O Aeiaeaoeo ai?uaii
Neiaiee-oacao?on oe?a?inueei? oa?i?iieia?? c aaiaoeee.

Ci?no ?iaioe

O “Anooi?” iiaeaii ia??oiooaaiiy oaie, aecia/athoueny ?? aeooaeuei?noue,
i?aaeiao, iaoa, caaaeaiiy ?iaioe, ?ice?eaathoueny ?? iiaecia, oai?aoe/ia
cia/aiiy oa i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue, oi?ioeththoueny iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ui
aeiinyoueny ia caoeno, iae?athoueny aeine?aeieoeueea aaca oa iaoiaee
?iaioe, ie?aneth?oueny iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a, eiinoaoothoueny
ianya oa no?oeoo?a ?iaioe.

O ?icae?e? ? “E?iaa?noe/i? i?iaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy oa?i?i?a oa
oa?i?iieia?/ieo nenoai” ?icaeyaeathoueny oai?aoe/i? i?iaeaie
oa?i?iiciaanoaa a eiioaeno? no/anieo iai?yie?a e?iaa?noe/iiai aiae?co oa
aena?oeththoueny canaaee aeine?aeaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? oa?i?iinenoaie c
aaiaoeee.

O ia?aa?ao? 1.1 “Oai??y oa?i?ia oa oa?i?iinenoaie a no/aniiio
iiaiciaanoa?” ?icaeyaeathoueny caaaeuei? canaaee aeine?aeaeaiiy
oa?i?iieia?/ieo nenoai ye niaoeeo?/ieo ooai?aiue eaene/iiai neeaaeo
iiae. Cie?aia, iaaieioo?oueny, ui a iiaiciaanoa? ?nio? aaaaoi aecia/aiue
iiiyoue oa?i?ia ? oa?i?iinenoaie, ye? a?ae??ciythoueny i?ae niaith
ie?aieie aniaeoaie. I?aenoiiaoth/e an? aecia/aiiy iiiyooy oa?i?ia,
iiaeia ae/eaioaaoe iaaiee ?yae iciae, ye? oi?iothoue e?eoa???
oa?i?iieia?/iino?. Ia iaoo aeoieo, ?o iiaeia ca?oioaaoe oaeei /eiii:

?. E?eoa??e nenoaiiino?: iieyaa? o

— aeao?i?oeai?e iia’ycaiino? ? oi/i?e ni?aa?aeianaiino? oa?i?ia ?c
iiiyooyi;

— ?aaoey?iino? oi?iaeueii-iiaii? ioi?ieaiino?;

— iiaea?ei?e aeaoa?i?iiaaiino? oa?i?ia;

— aaaeai?e a?aenooiino? ia?aaeeaiaoe/ieo ca’yce?a – iiii?i??, neiii?i??,
iie?nai??.

??. Aaiaoe/iee e?eoa??e: iieyaa? o niaoeeo?/iiio
(ii/anoe ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueiiio) oa?aeoa?? aeaea?ae iioiaeaeaiiy
oa?i?ia.

???. Noee?noe/iee e?eoa??e: iieyaa? o

— noee?noe/i?e iaeo?aeueiino? oa?i?ia ye eiai iaeiiioiaaiino?
(a?aenooiino? aeni?aneaii-aiioe?eiiai iiiaioo).

IV. Nioe?ie?iaa?noe/iee e?eoa??e: iieyaa? o

— i?eiaeaaeiino? oa?i?ia aei aocueei? i?ioan?eii? noa?e aaeeaaiiy
(niaoe?ae?ciaaiino? oa?i?ia);

— a?aei?iiino? a?ae i?ioan?iiae?ci?a oa i?ioan?eii-aea?aiiii? eaeneee.

Na?aae oa?i?iieia?/ieo iciae o?aaa ?ic??ciyoe iciaee iioieia?/i? (aai
aacia?) ? iciaee aaaeai?. Oae, aei iioieia?/ieo iciae, ui i?eoaiaii?
aoaeue-yeiio oa?i?iia? iacaeaaeii a?ae na?aeiiiai noni?eueiiai aieeao ia
oi?ioaaiiy iaaii? oa?i?iinenoaie, a?aeiineii oae? iciaee, ye?
ooai?ththoue nioe?ie?iaa?noe/iee oa noee?noe/iee e?eoa???, ii/anoe –
aaiaoe/iee e?eoa??e, a oaeiae nenoaii? iciaee aeao?i?oeaii? iia’ycaiino?
? oi/ii? ni?aa?aeianaiino? c iiiyooyi. Aaaeaieie iciaeaie oa?i?ia, oiaoi
oaeeie, ye? aeciathoueny aeey iueiai iaiao?aeieie oa noeioeththoueny
na?aeiieie ae?yie iaoeiaoe?a (noaiaea?oecaoe?y oa oi?o?eaoe?y
oa?i?iinenoai), ? iciaee aaaeaii? a?aenooiino? iiii?i??, iie?nai??,
neiii?i??, ye? oi?iothoue e?eoa??e nenoaiiino?. Oaea no?oeoo?aoe?y
oa?i?iieia?/ii? eaeneee ? c?o/iith, ine?eueee iiaea aenooiaoe ?
aecia/aiiyi oa?i?iieia?/ii? iaeeieoe? a oe?eiio, ? “oanoii” ia
oa?i?iieia?/i?noue aeey aoaeue-yei? eaenaie iiae.

Ia?aa?ao 1.2 “I?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy no/aniiai oe?a?inueeiai oa?i?iioiiaeo:
iaoe?iiaeueia oa ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueia a oa?i?iieia??” i?enay/aii ?icaeyaeo
i?iaeaiaoeee ?noi?e/iiai noaiiaeaiiy oe?a?inueeeo oa?i?iieia?/ieo
nenoai, caaaeath/e ia aeeiai?eo iiaii? neooaoe?? a Oe?a?i? OO no.
A?aecia/a?oueny, ui iniiaiei ieoaiiyi no/aniiai oe?a?inueeiai
oa?i?iiciaanoaa a nioe?ie?iaa?noe/iiio aniaeo? ? ieoaiiy i?i
iaoe?iiaeuei? oa ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeuei? aeaiaioe a oa?i?iinenoaiao. Oae,
aeei?enoaiiy oa?i?i?a, iiaoaeiaaieo ia?aaaaeii ia iiaii-iaoe?iiaeuei?e
iniia? i?eoaiaiia on?i nioe?iiiaiei nenoaiai o ia??iae ae?iaeaiiy ii?i
caaaeueiiia?iaeii? iiae oa ai?ioueae ca iacaeaaei?noue. Aeayeee /an
oaea i???ioaoe?y a?ae?a?a? iiceoeaio ?ieue oa aeeiio? eiinie?aeoth/o
ooieoe?th aeey an?o /eai?a iiaii? ni?eueiioe. Aea, c ?ioiai aieo, o
i?ioean? iioe?aiiy i?aeia?iaeieo ca’yce?a oey iiceoe?y cacia? cia/ieo
ei?aeoea ia an?o ??aiyo nioe?aeueii? no?aoeo?eaoe?? – /a?ac caiice/aiiy
aaeeei? e?eueeino? ?ioa?iaoe?iiae?ci?a aeey iieaaoaiiy i?aeiiaii?
eiioi?eaoe?? oa /a?ac iiooe iiaeo oa?i?iiiaeeieoeue aeey iicia/aiiy
iaoeiaeo yaeu ? i?ioean?a. Oea oneeaaeith? ia o?eueee iien oa aiae?c
oa?i?iieia?/ieo nenoai, a e iiaiciaa/o ioe?ieo oiai /e ?ioiai
oa?i?iiooai?aiiy.

I?iaeaia iaoe?iiaeueiiai oa ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueiiai a oe?a?inuee?e
oa?i?iieia?? – oea ia o?eueee i?iaeaia aeei?enoaiiy e?eueeino? aeania
oe?a?inueeeo neiaioai?/eo aeaiaio?a, oea aiaeii/an i?iaeaia naiiaooiino?
naii? iaoeiai? oa oa?i?iioai?/i? o?aaeeoe??. Naia a oaeiio
ia?aoi?ioethaaii? iiaeeeai, ye iai oyaey?oueny, aeiaeoe ae?eia? e o oie
aea /an oiea?aioi? i?eioeeie ?aaoethaaiiy ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
iaoe?iiaeueiiai oa ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueiiai a oa?i?iieia??. A oe?eiio,
?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueio oaiaeaioe?th a oa?i?iioai?aii? o?aaa aeciaoe
iiceoeaiei yaeuai, oiio ui aiia a?aeaeaa? aeeaeii? i?ioeane aca?iiae??
(?a?iiaenueeeo) iia, a ca oeei, ia aeoieo A.A.Aeoeaiea, noiyoue
ciai?oiuei iaiii?oi? i?ioeane ae?iaeaiiy ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueii? naiaioeee,
ca yeith noiyoue aaea iaiiai? iaeano? nenoai iiiyoue, nioe?aeueiiai oa
eoeueoo?iiai aeeooy, ui caeeaeathoueny oa ?ioa?iaoe?iiae?cothoueny.

Ia?aa?ao 1.3 “Oe?a?inueea oa?i?iieia?y c aaiaoeee: iiaeaeue ae?iaeaiiy
iiiyoo?ai? noaie aiae?co” i?enay/aii iniiaiei eaoaai??yi iieno oa
aiae?co oe?a?inueei? oa?i?iinenoaie c aaiaoeee. Caoaaaeo?oueny, ui aeey
oeueiai ?aoe?iiaeueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe no?oeoo?aeueiee eiiieaen
i?ioenoaaeaiue (“aeno?ae?iaa?noe/ia-?io?ae?iaa?noe/ia”,
“iiaia-iiaeaii?aa”, “neio?ii?/ia-ae?ao?ii?/ia”), aea c oei cao/aiiyi,
yeiai aiie iaaoee a iao /an[Nai/einueeee – 1996; Iaeueie/oe — 1997]. Oe?
i?ioenoaaeaiiy ?icaeyaeathoueny, c iii?ith ia no?aoeo?eaoe?eio aoaeiao
iiae. Oae, ia oiiaoeei-oiiieia?/iiio ??ai? ?ic?iaeythoueny ieoaiiy
iniaeeainoae ia?aaea/? oe?a?inueeith a?ao?eith ?ioiiiaieo oa?i?i?a
(iai?., ieoaiiy iiaea?eieo i?eaieinieo: anei?eyoe?y, aea aaee?in) oa
i?iaeaie oieeiaiiy aaaeeiaeiiaethaaieo caoeiniieo/aiue (iai?., o
oa?i?iao iaiao?aioi?noue aai aooiiie?iei?ae?y), oaeiae caa?oa?oueny
oaaaa ia iayai?noue iaonoaeaiino? a iaienaii? aeaeio?eo oa?i?i?a
(aiiainoacen – aiiainoanen – aiiainoan?n — aiiainoac?n). Ia
neiaioai?/iio ??ai? oi?ioeth?oueny i?iaeaia noaiiaeaiiy caaaeueiiai
oiiaeo neiaioai?/eo oi?iaio?a oe?a?inueeeo oa?i?i?a c aaiaoeee,
iiyniaiiy ?o iiaii-aaiaoe/ieo ca’yce?a oa i?e/ei ?o aeei?enoaiiy aeey
neeaaeaiiy aaiaoe/ieo oa?i?i?a, aecia/aiiy ii?oaiioaeoeee, a oaeiae
iieno i?iaeoeoeaieo niinia?a neiaioai?o oa neiaioai?/eo iiaeaeae. Ia
eaene/iiio ??ai? caa?oa?oueny oaaaa ia nenoaii? ca’ycee ne?a-oa?i?i?a,
aeoiaey/e c ?ic??ciaiiy eaoaai??e “eaeneno” oa “eiaino”, aecia/athoueny
i?eioeeie oeeaaeaiiy neiaieea-oacao?ona oe?a?inueeeo oa?i?i?a c
aaiaoeee, ui ia? aaaeeeaee i?aeoe/iee nain. A?aiaoeei-neioaene/iee
??aaiue aiae?co oe?a?inueei? oa?i?iieia?? c aaiaoeee aeicaiey? aeyaeoe
ye ii?oieia?/i? a?aei?iiino? oa?i?i?a a?ae caaaeueiiaaeeaaii? eaeneee,
oae ? niaoeeo?eo ?o neioaene/ieo ca’yce?a. Ia ??ai? oe?eiai oaenoo
oa?i?ie c aaiaoeee iiaeooue ?icaeyaeaoeny ye eeth/ia? neiaa, ye ia?ea?e
ooieoe?iiaeueii-noee?noe/ii? oa niaoe?ae?ciaaii? eiai i?eiaeaaeiino?,
oiaoi oa?i?ie aeicaieythoue aecia/eoe ? oe?ieee ae?yeuei?niee eiioaeno
iaoeiaiai ni?eeoaaiiy, ? aeae eiie?aoii? i?aeoe/ii? iaoeiai?
ae?yeueiino?.

O ?icae?e? ?? “Oi?ioaaiiy oa?i?iinenoaie c aaiaoeee oa ?? oi?iioai?/?
/eiieee” aeine?aeaeothoueny neiaioai?/? oi?iaioe oe?a?inueeeo oa?i?i?a c
aaiaoeee c iiaeyaeo ?o iioiaeaeaiiy oa niinia?a oai?aiiy.

Ia?aa?ao 2.1 “Aaiaoe/ia oa?i?iinenoaia a eiioaeno? noaiiaeaiiy iaoeiai?
aaeoc?” i?enay/aii i?iaeaiaoeoe? ae?ao?ii?/iiai noaiiaeaiiy
oa?i?iinenoaie c aaiaoeee. Cie?aia, a?aecia/aii, ui oi?ioaaiiy
oa?i?iinenoaie c aaiaoeee o?nii iia’ycaia c oi?ioaaiiyi naii? aaiaoeee
ye iaoeiai? aaeoc?. Iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui aaiaoeea aeieeea ia iaae?
O?O-OO no., ?? oa?i?iinenoaia ? ooai?aiiyi, iia’ycaiei c on?i ia?aa?aii
?icaeoeo aaiaoe/ii-a?ieia?/ii? i?iaeaiaoeee, ii/eiath/e a?ae aioe/ieo
/an?a. sse na?ae/eoue iaoa??ae oa?i?iinenoaie oa ?? ?noi??y, a?eueo?noue
eeth/iaeo oa?i?i?a c aaiaoeee ? ?iaeea?aeoaeueii aaoi?nueeeie
ooai?aiiyie, ui iia’ycothoueny c ?iaiaie i?ia?aeieo oao?aoe?a aeaii?
aaeoc? – E.O.Aieueoa (i?ieea?noue, niaaeeia?noue, iiaeeo?eaoe?y,
iooaoe?y), ?.A.Eaeue?aeoa?a (aaoa?icen, aiae?coth/a no?auaiiy),
A.Iaiaeaey (aeii?iaioi?noue, ?aoeaneai?noue, eiia?iaoe?eiee ?yae),
A.Aaeniaia (aio?i?en), A.Eiaainaia (aai, oai, aaiioei, oaiioei), O.aea
O??ca (?ciaiii?noue, ai?ciaiii?noue, ??aiiniaaeeia?noue,
ia??aiiniaaeeia?noue), O.Aaoniia (aeaeiii?o, aiiiii?o, aaoa?iceaioa,
aiiiceaioa, aaiaoeea), I.Oeiioa?aa-?anianueeiai (aeni?aneai?noue,
iaiao?aioi?noue, ae?aaeaiiy) oiui. C iiaeyaeo oi?iaeueiiai ae?aaeaiiy
ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue oa?i?i?a c aaiaoeee neeaaeaia c aeei?enoaiiyi
oa?i?iiaeaiaio?a a?aei-eaoeinueeiai iioiaeaeaiiy, ui ? ? aecia/aeueiith
oaiaeaioe??th ?icaeoeo oa?i?iinenoaie c aaiaoeee e o iao /an. C ?ioiai
aieo, ?icaeoie naii? nenoaie aaiaoe/ii? iaoee noeioeth? aei
ia?ainieneaiiy oa?i?i?a o iai?yieo a?eueoi? eiie?aoecaoe?? oa
?icaaeoaeaiiy ?o naiaioeei-iiiyoo?aeo ca’yce?a c ?ioeie oa?i?iaie (ii?.
cia/aiiy oa?i?ia aai o eeane/ieo oai??yo niaaeeiaino? oa a no/ani?e
iieaeoey?i?e aaiaoeoe?).

O ia?aa?ao? 2.2. “Neiaioai?/? oi?iaioe oa?i?i?a c aaiaoeee c iiaeyaeo
?oiueiai iioiaeaeaiiy” caa?iaii oaaao ia iien neiaioai?/eo oi?iaio?a,
ye? ooai?ththoue oa?i?ie c aaiaoeee. ?o iiaeia ?iciiae?eeoe ia
aeae?eueea ia??aiii?aaieo ca nai?th aaaith a?oi:

a) neiaioai?/? oi?iaioe a?aoeueeiai iioiaeaeaiiy (a-/ai, aia-, aii-,
aioe-, aio?-, a?i-, aiae?i-, aaoi-/aooi, aei-, aeaei-, a?i-, aai/aaii-,
-aaiac, iiii-, iie?-, iei-, ieaei-, inaaaei-, iai-, iae?i-, nii?/a/,
oai/oaii-, ie?ai-, niia-, aaii-/aai?y, aia?e, aaiaoi-, ae?i-, ii?oi-,
i?en-, eieii-/oeaiic, ao-/aa-, ?ae-/aeae-, o?io-, a?ia?-, a?ii-, oac/a/,
?ci-, iae?i-, i?e?i-, oeeee-, oei/oeii-, oaoii-, iiii-, nei-, i?oi-,
iioi-);

a) neiaioai?e eaoeinueeiai iioiaeaeaiiy (aaa?aoe?y, aa?aa?aoe?y,
aaeeoeai?noue, aoaa?ci, a?oae?ci, a?a?eae, a?a?eaeecaoe?y,
aeaaaia?aoe?y, aeaoa?i?iaoe?y, aeii?iaioi?noue, ?iaa?n?y, ?ia?a?oi?e,
?ioa?e?iac, eie?iaa?i?noue (aai?a), eiiieaiaioa?i?noue, eii’th?aoe?y,
eiiaa?aaioe?y, eieon, iaiao?aioi?noue, ia?oi?aoi??e, i?aoi?i?ci,
?aaeoeoe?y, ?aeiia?iaoe?y, ?aia?aoe?y, ?anoeoooe?y, ?aoeaneai?noue,
naeaeoe?y, oa?i?iae?caoe?y, o?aiceoe?y, o?ainaa?n?y, o?ainaeoeoe?y,
o?aine?eioe?y, o?aineieaoe?y, o?aineyoe?y);

a) neiaioai?e cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeiai iioiaeaeaiiy – aiae?enueeiai
(aooa?eaeeia, aaee?in, ?ia?eaeeia, e?ina?eaeeia, e?in?ia-iaa?, naeo),
o?aioeocueeiai (?cieyoe?y, aaiioiiae), i?iaoeueeiai (c aeei?enoaiiyi
?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueieo oi?iaio?a – ?ioeooo);

a) neiaioai?e oe?a?inueeiai iioiaeaeaiiy (i?ieea?noue, ee?oeia,
niaaeeia?noue, caie?aeiaiiy, noaoue).

Aeioe?eueii cacia/eoe, ui aeei?enoaiiy oa?i?iioai?/eo oi?iaio?a –
ei?ai?a oa ao?en?a a?aei-eaoeinueeiai iioiaeaeaiiy ye i?iaeoeoeaiee oei
neiaioai?o oa?i?i?a c aaiaoeee i?aeaeuo? nooi?iue oi?iaeueii-iiaii?
?aaoey?iino? a ioi?ieaii? oa?i?i?a oa nooi?iue oi?o?eaoe?? oa?i?iieia??
ca i?eioeeiii “cia?o oa?i?i – cia?o i?noea a nenoai? ? iaaiaee”
(I.A.THoiaiia). Aei?a/ii i?iaiicoaaoe, ui no/ania oa?i?iioai?aiiy a
aaeoc? aaiaoeee aoaea iiaeeaethaaoe oeth oaiaeaioe?th, caeo/ath/e aei
oai?aiiy oa?i?i?a ia?aaaaeii naia ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeuei? aeaiaioe oa
aeei?enoiaoth/e aaea canoiniaai? aeey ?icoe?aiiy oa?i?iieia?/iiai oiiaeo
aaiaoe/ii? iaoee.

Ia?aa?ao 2.3 “Neiaioai?/? iiaeae? oa?i?i?a c aaiaoeee oa ?aaoey?i?noue
?o ooieoe?iioaaiiy” ci???ioiaaii ia iien niinia?a neiaioai?o oa?i?i?a c
aaiaoeee. sse na?ae/eoue i?iaiae?ciaaiee iaoa??ae, oa?i?ie c aaiaoeee
oi?iothoueny o?ueiia neiaioai?/eie niiniaaie:

1) eaeneei-naiaioe/iee niin?a neiaioai?o aeei?enoiao?oueny ia?aaaaeii
aeey oeo oa?i?i?a, ui iathoue eaoeinueeo aaiaco (oa?i?ie aa?aa?aoe?y,
aaeeoeai?noue, anei?eyoe?y, aeaoa?i?iaoe?y, aeeaa?aaioe?y,
aeene?aoi?noue, aeii?iaioi?noue, ?ioa?oa?aioe?y, ei?aeyoe?y, ?aaeoeoe?y,
?aoeaneai?noue ooai?aii oeyoii aeei?enoaiiy caaaeueiiiaoeiaeo eaenai ?
i?enoinoaaiiy ?o aei iio?aa iicia/aiiy iiiyoue ? eaoaai??e aaiaoeee);

2) ii?oieiai-neioaene/iee niin?a neiaioai?o aeei?enoiao?oueny oiae?,
eiee iaiao?aeii ooai?eoe iiaee oa?i?i ?ioi? /anoeie iiae (eiiaa?n?y
ia?aaaaeii o iai?yieao “?iaiiee – ae??neiai” oa “?iaiiee – i?eeiaoiee”
ca aeiiiiiaith aeiaeaaaiiy aei ia?aeiii? iniiae iaaieo ao?en?a oa
oeaen?e, oiio oeae niin?a iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye ia?ao?aeiee i?ae
ii?oieiai-neioaene/iei (eiiaa?n?eiei) oa ii?oieia?/iei, iai?eeeaae:
aiiieia?y – aiiieia?/iee, aaiaoeea – aaiaoe/iee, ?aoeaneai?noue –
?aoeaneaiee – ?aoeanoaaoe, aeaaaia?aoe?y – aeaaaia?aoeaiee –
aeaaaia?oaaoe oiui);

3) ii?oieia?/iee niin?a neiaioai?o c ei?aiaaith (iaeii-, aeai-, o?e-,
/ioe?eei?aiaa? c ?ioa?o?enaoe??th oa aac ia?), i?ao?enaeueii-ei?aiaaith
(iaeiii?ao?enaeueii — iaeii-, aeai-, o?eei?aiaa? c ?ioa?o?enaoe??th oa
aac ia?) oa noo?enaeueii-ei?aiaaith neiaioai?/eie (iaeii-,
aeaiei?aiaai-iaeiinoo?enaeuei?) iiaeaeyie. Oeae niin?a ?
iaei?iaeoeoeai?oei.

sse aeyaeeiny, niiniae neiaioai?o oa?i?i?a c aaiaoeee o?nii iia’ycai? c
aaiacith oi?iaio?a, ui ?o neeaaeathoue: oae, ii?oieia?/iee niin?a
aeei?enoiao?oueny ia?aaaaeii aeey ii?aeiaiiy neiaioai?/eo aeaiaio?a
a?aoeueeiai iioiaeaeaiiy, eaeneei-naiaioe/iee – aeey oa?i?i?a
eaoeinueeiai iioiaeaeaiiy oa aeania oe?a?inueeeo oa?i?i?a,
ii?oieiai-neioaene/iee niin?a aeei?enoiao?oueny iacaeaaeii a?ae aaiace
oa?i?iiaeaiaio?a. E??i oiai, ia??aiii?aai?noue niinia?a neiaioai?o
oa?i?i?a c aaiaoeee iia’ycaia c oei, ui aiie aeeiiothoue ??ci? iaoeia?
caaaeaiiy. sseui eaeneei-naiaioe/iee niin?a ni?yiiaaii ia oi?ioaaiiy a
oa?i?iieia?? c aaiaoeee caaaeueiiiaoeiaeo oa?i?i?a c? caoaeaiei
cia/aiiyi, oi ii?oieiai-neioaene/iee niin?a aea? iiaeeea?noue iicia/aoe
ca aeiiiiiaith oa?i?i?a ia o?eueee oaeoe ? yaeua, a e iciaee ? i?ioeane,
i?e/iio ?iaeoe oea ia oeyoii ?icoe?aiiy iiaii? aace, a /a?ac
aeei?enoaiiy aaea ?nioth/eo oa?i?i?a o ?io?e ii?oieiai-neioaene/i?e
ooieoe?? – ae??neiaa aai i?eeiaoieea. Ii?oieia?/iee niin?a
aeei?enoiao?oueny aeey oai?aiiy oi?iaeueii-iiaii? nenoaiiino?
oa?i?iieia?? c aaiaoeee, ine?eueee iiiyoo?aa nenoaii?noue ?nio? a i?e
ia?a?nii ye a?aeaeoie o?aaiaioo a?ieia?/ii? ea?oeie na?oo.
Oi?iaeueii-iiaia ?aaoethaaiiy oa?i?iinenoaie aeinyaa?oueny aeei?enoaiiyi
ni?eueieo oi?iaio?a ia iicia/aiiy eeaneo?eaoe?eieo aiaeia?a,
iiae?aiinoae /e oioiaeiinoae, iai?eeeaae: iie?iei?ae?y – aiaoiei?ae?y –
inaaaeiiie?iei?ae?y – aeeiei?ae?y – aaiei?ae?y – an? oa?i?ie
iicia/athoue ??ci? aeaee iaai??a o?iiinii (ca iciaeaie iiiaeeiiino?,
e?aoiino? oa a?aenooiino? e?aoiino?, iiaea?eiino? oa iaeeia?iino?).

O ?icae?e? ??? “Nenoaii? ca’ycee oe?a?inueei? oa?i?iieia?? c aaiaoeee”
aiae?cothoueny nenoaii? ca’ycee oe?a?inueeeo oa?i?i?a c aaiaoeee (ye
eaeneei-naiaioe/i?, oae ? iiiyoo?a?). I?iiiio?oueny ?o
eaeneei-naiaioe/ia eeaneo?eaoe?y oa ia?ae?e oacao?onieo ooieoe?e.

Ia?aa?ao 3.1 “Eaenen” oa “eiain” a iien? nenoaiieo ca’yce?a oa?i?iieia??
c aaiaoeee i?enay/aii aiae?cia? oai?aoe/ieo canaae aeine?aeaeaiiy
oa?i?i?a c iiaeyaeo ?o naiaioeei-iiiyoo?aeo ca’yce?a o oa?i?iinenoai?
iaaii? iaoeiai? aaeoc? (o oiio /ene? e aaiaoeee). I?iaeoeoeaiei aeey
oaeiai aiae?co ? ?ic??ciaiiy o oa?i?ia aeaio aniaeo?a ooieoe?iioaaiiy –
“eaeneno” (i?noey oa?i?ia a oa?i?iieia??, ? oe?oa – a eaene/i?e nenoai?
iiae, oiaoi i?aeii?yaeeoaaiiy eiai iiaii-ia?aaeeaiaoe/iei ca’yceai,
caeaoiino? aeeiioaaoe iaai? no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/i? ooieoe??) ? “eiaino”
(i?noey oa?i?ia o iiiyoo?a?e n?ooe? a?aeiioaiue yaeu ia’?eoeaii?
ae?eniino?, eiai eaoaai??aeueii? ni?aa?aeianaiino? oa ?icaaeoaeaiino?
iiiyoo?aeo ca’yce?a, caeaoiino? aeeiioaaoe iaai? oacao?oni? ooieoe??)
[?aoi?iaoneee, 1968-146]. Naia ia ??ai? “eiaino” ?ice?eaa?oueny
niaoeeo?ea oa?i?iiiicia/aiiy ii??aiyii ?c caaaeueiiaaeeaaiei neiaii.
Aiia iieyaa? o oaeeo ?enao oa?i?i?a, ye aei?noea aeao?i?oeaia
iia’ycai?noue (iiaeeea?noue aecia/aiiy oa?i?i?a /a?ac ?io? oa?i?ie o
oa?i?iinenoai? c canoinoaaiiyi oacao?onieo ooieoe?e); oa?aeoa?
iioeaiaaiino? (iai?ici??noue, c?oeiiaai?noue aioo??oiuei? oi?ie oa?i?ia,
neai?o?eaoeai?noue oa?i?ia ia a?aei?io a?ae aeaiioaoeaiino?
caaaeueiiaaeeaaiiai neiaa); aeaoa?i?iiaai?noue iaoeiaith /e
iaoe?iiaeueiith o?aaeeoe??th (iaoe?iiaeueia /e ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueia aaca
oa?i?iieia??, ni?a?nioaaiiy iaoeiaeo oe?e, oa/?e, iai?yie?a);
oaiaeaioe?y aei aii?yaeeiaaiino? oa nenoaiaoecaoe?? oa?i?iiiiiyoue (ye
noeo?eia, oae ? i?ane?eioeaia); nooi?iue noi?iiaaiino? iiiyoue iaoeiai?
aaeoc? oa ?o aa?aaeueiiai ae?aaeaiiy. Iayai?noue aeaio aei???a
oa?i?iieia?/iiai neiaa na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui oa?i?i cia/ii a?eueoith
i??ith, i?ae caaaeueiiaaeeaaia neiai, aeaoa?i?iiaaiee noeoii?noth
iiae?aieo eaene/ieo iaeeieoeue o nenoai?, aai oa?i?iinenoaiith, aei yei?
a?i iaeaaeeoue.

Ia?aa?ao 3.2 “Eaeneei-naiaioe/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea oa?i?i?a c aaiaoeee”
ci???ioiaaii ia aiae?c oe?a?inueei? oa?i?iieia?? c aaiaoeee a aniaeo?
“eaeneno”, oiaoi ye neeaaeiai? /anoeie eaene/ii? i?aenenoaie iiae, ui
ia?aaea? caaaeueiiiiai? naiaioeei-ia?aaeeaiaoe/i? a?aeiioaiiy iie?nai??,
neiii?i??, aioii?i??, a?ia?-a?iii?i??, iiii?i?? oa ia?ii?i??. Oae,
iie?nai?y oa?i?i?a c aaiaoeee coiiaeth?oueny an?i ?icaeoeii naii?
aaiaoeee (a?inoa?a ye aaieiai-no?aoeo?eaoe?eia iiiyooy [A.Cthnn, 1875]
oa a?inoa?a ye aaio?i?/iee oaeoi? ieaiaoa?iiai ianooaao ? cia/aiiy
[A.?.Aa?iaaenueeee, 1926]), aai aeei?enoaiiyi o iia? aaiaoeee
caaaeueiiiaoeiaeo oa?i?i?a ?c aoae/ei cia/aiiyi (ii?. caaaeueiiiaoeiaa
cia/aiiy oa?i?i?a aaa?aoe?y, anei?eyoe?y, aeaaaia?aoe?y, aeaoa?i?iaoe?y,
aeeaa?aaioe?y, aeii?iaioa, ?ciii?o?ci, ?iaa?n?y, ?iaeoeoe?y,
?ioa?oa?aioe?y, eiiaa?aaioe?y, ?aaeoeoe?y oa cia/aiiy, yeiai iaaoee oe?
oa?i?iiiaeeieoe? o iia? aaiaoeee ii??aiyii c iiaaie ?ioeo
niaoe?ae?ciaaieo aaeocae ciaiiy, cie?aia iiaiciaanoaa, aoiia?ao??,
o?i??, iaaeeoeeie, o?ceee, iaoaiaoeee, aeaeo?ii?ee, ano?iiii?? oiui).
Neiii?i?y oa?i?i?a c aaiaoeee ? aeineoue iioe?aiith (aeni?aneai?noue –
ae?aaeaiiy – iaiao?aioi?noue, ?ciaiii?noue – ??aiiniaaeeia?noue,
ai?ciaiii?noue – ia??aiiniaaeeia?noue, aaa?aoe?y – o?iiiniiia aaa?aoe?y
– o?iiiniiia ia?aaoaeiaa, AeIE – aeaciene?eaiioeea?iiaa eeneioa,
aaiaoeei-aaoiiaoe/i? i?ioeane – ae?aeo aai?a) ? aeeiio? ooieoe??
cai?uaiiy e ooi/iaiiy oa o??ciiiai?oith? i?ioean ni?eeiyooy iaoeiaiai
oaenoo, ui ? ? ?? i?iaeoeoeaieie, iiceoeaieie iane?aeeaie. Aioii?i?y
oa?i?i?a c aaiaoeee ia? aeae?eueea niinia?a ae?aaeaiiy ca ??cieie
iiaeaeyie: “iniiaa = iniiaa” (ia?ci – ai?iaeueeoe?ci, aeii?iaioi?noue –
?aoeaneai?noue), “iniiaa = /anoea iaaaoe?? + iniiaa” (a?iaaiac –
aa?iaaiac, eiiieaiaioa?i?noue – iaeiiieaiaioa?i?noue, ?ciaiiiee –
ai?ciaiiiee, ??aiiniaaeeiaee — ia??aiiniaaeeiaee), “i?ao?en + iniiaa =
i?ao?en + iniiaa” (aeeaa?aaioe?y – eiiaa?aaioe?y; anei?eyoe?y –
aeenei?eyoe?y; aooa?eaeeia – ?ia?eaeeia; a?iinoac – a?ia?inoac);
“iniiaa=i?ao?en + iniiaa” (aai – aioeaai; iooaaai – aioeiooaaai;
iooaaaiac – aioeiooaaaiac; aai – ie?aiaai); “iniiaa = ei??iue + iniiaa”
(aeae? – inaaaeiaeae?; aaoa?icen – inaaaeiaaoa?icen; iie?iei?ae?y –
inaaaeiiie?iei?ae?y; noi?ni?noue – inaaaeinoi?ni?noue); “ei??iue +
iniiaa = ei??iue + iniiaa” (aeoiaaiac – aiaeiaaiac; aiii?en?n –
aio?i?en?n; aiae?iaaiaoa – a?iaeiaaiaoa; aiiiceaioa – aaoa?iceaioa;
i?e?iaaiethoe?y – iae?iaaiethoe?y; iiiiaii?y – iie?aii?y), oiaoi,
aioii?i?/i? cia/aiiy oa?i?i?a ia?aaeathoueny ca aeiiiiiaith oi?iaio?a –
i?ao?enaeueieo aai ei?aiaaeo, cia/ii ??aeoa – aac ae?aaeaiiy
i?ioenoaaeaiino? oi?iaeueieie caniaaie, ca aeiiiiiaith eeoa naiaioe/ii?
no?oeoo?e oa?i?ia. A?ia?-a?iii?i?y a?aeiineoueny aei iaeaaaeeea?oeo
eaoaai??e oa?i?i?a c aaiaoeee, aeaiiino?o? iayai?noue ???a?o?/ieo
a?aeiioaiue o oa?i?iinenoai? ? aeicaiey? iienaoe iaoeia? iiiyooy ye
no?aoeo?eiaai? (aiii?en?n – ia?oaiiaaiac/aiiaai?y; ci?ooaaiiy,
?iciiiaeaiiy – aio?i?en?n/aiii?en?n; no?auaiiy – aooa?eaeeia/?ia?eaeeia;
aaiethoe?y – iae?iaaiethoe?y/i?e?iaaiethoe?y), oiio, ia a?aei?io a?ae
iaaaaeaieo iie?nai??, iiii?i??, ia?ii?i?? oa, ii/anoe, neiii?i??, aiia
na?aeiii eiino?oth?oueny a oa?i?iinenoaiao, ine?eueee ca ?? aeiiiiiaith
iiaeia iiaeaethaaoe neeaaei? ?iaei-aeaeia? a?aeiioaiiy: ?iciiiaeaiiy
(aio?i?en – aiii?enen [ia?oaiiaaiac – aiiaai?y]). Iiii?i?y oa ia?ii?i?y
?icoaoiaai? ia ia?eoa??? oe?a?inueei? oa?i?iinenoaie c aaiaoeee: o
i?iaiae?ciaaiiio iaoa??ae? oa?i?ie-iiii?ie a?aenooi?. Aei ia?ii?i?a
iaeaaeaoue oa?i?ie, oiiaoe/ia iiae?ai?noue yeeo coiiaeaia oiiaoe/iith
iiae?ai?noth oi?iaio?a, ye? aeeth/athoueny aei ?oiueiai neeaaeo:
aa?aa?aoe?y – aaa?aoe?y; aooineioac – aooineiaeac; aiiiceaioi?noue –
aaieceaioi?noue; aeiii – aaiii; aeaaaia?aoe?y – ?aaaia?aoe?y; iiiiaii?y
– iiiiaai?y; iiiiaaiac – aiiiaaiac; iioiaaiac – i?oiaaiac; o?aineieaoe?y
– o?aineyoe?y.

Ia?aa?ao 3.3. “Iiae aeey niaoe?aeueieo oe?eae oa iiiyoo?a? a?aeiioaiiy
oa?i?i?a o aaeoc? aaiaoeee” ?icaeyaea? oa?i?iinenoaio c aaiaoeee ye
iiiyoo?aee i?ino??, iaaio noeoii?noue oa?i?i?a, iia’ycaieo i?ae niaith
oacao?onieie ooieoe?yie, oa aecia/a? canaaee oeeaaeaiiy
Neiaieea-oacao?ona oe?a?inueeeo oa?i?i?a c aaiaoeee. Oae, i?ioeaaeo?a
noai?aiiy neiaieea-oacao?ona i?noeoue oae? aoaie: 1) ooai?aiiy
oa?i?iioiiaeo neiaieea /a?ac aea??eiaee aiae?c iaoeiaeo oaeno?a c
aaiaoeee oa iiaiee ia?aaeyae eaeneeia?ao?/ieo aeaea?ae oeoia/iiai oa
ia?aeeaaeiiai oeio; 2) aiae?c neiaieeiaeo aeao?i?oe?e oa?i?i?a aeey
ae?iaeaiiy noaie iiiyoo?aeo a?aeiioaiue oa?i?i?a o aaeoc? aaiaoeee oa
aeyaeaiiy noeoiiino? oacao?onieo ooieoe?e; 3) aiae?c iiaieo
oa?aeoa?enoee oa?i?i?a oa ae?iaeaiiy nenoaie oeo iciae, ui oyaeythoueny
aaaeeeaeie naia aeey iiaiciaa/iai aeine?aeaeaiiy; 4) noai?aiiy
neiaieeiaeo noaoae; 5) oaoi?/i? iiiaioe, iia’ycai? c i?iaeaiith
c?o/iino? ei?enooaaiiy, – oeeaaeaiiy iieaae/ee?a oa?i?i?a oa iieaae/ee?a
oacao?onieo ooieoe?e, aeoaa?oia ?icoaooaaiiy neiaieeiaeo noaoae oa
i?aaenoaaeaiiy oacao?ona a iiaiiio ianyc?.

No?oeoo?a neiaieeiai-oacao?onii? noaoo?:

Aeie A: Oi?iaeueii-e?iaa?noe/iee

1. Caaieiaia neiai (c ?ioi?iaoe??th i?i i?oia?ao?/io oa i?oiai?/io
ii?io).

2. E?iaaiaaiaoe/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea oa?i?ia (iioiaeaeaiiy eiai oi?iaio?a).

3. ?ioa?e?iaaaeueiee ia?aiao? (iaaea? iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoiaoaaoe
neiaiee ye ia?aeeaaeiee) – ?in?enueeee oa aiae?enueeee oa?i?ie.

4. Aeao?i?oe?? oa?i?i?a (i???ioothoue ia aeei?enoaiiy neiaieea ? ye
oeoia/iiai).

Aeie A: Naiaioeei-iiiyoo?aee (ia?ae?e oacao?onieo ooieoe?e, ye?
iienothoue iiiyoo?a? a?aeiioaiiy i?ae oa?i?iaie c aaiaoeee):

1. Neiii?ie (aeoaeaoe): i?ieea?noue – iiaeeo?eaoe?y – iooaoe?y.

2. Ei?aeyoe (aioii?ie): i?ieea?noue – niaaeeia?noue (ca ia?aiao?ii
“noaoeea – aeeiai?ea niaaeeiaeo iciae”).

3. ?ia?ii?ie (?iaeia? iiiyooy): ?ciaiii?noue – oei niaaeeiaino?,
aeii?iaioa – aaiaoe/ia iciaea, a?iaeiaaiaoa – aaiaoa.

4. A?iii?ie (aeaeia? iiiyooy): aaiaoe/ia ?ioi?iaoe?y –
aiiiii?o?ci/aaoa?iii?o?ci (ca ia?aiao?ii “noaoaa? iciaee”), o?iiiniia
(ca ia?aiao?ii “iin?e”), aaiioei (ca ia?aiao?ii “aaiioei?/ia
na?aaeiaeua”).

5. Oe?ea: aai – aeaeiii?o, aaiaoeea – a/aiiy i?i niaaeeia?noue, ee?oeia
– aaeoieue .

6. Eiiiiiaio (/anoeia): aaiioei – oaiioei, ceaioa – aai, iooaoe?y –
iooii .

7. Ao?eaoo – ia?aiao? – ye?noue: aaee?in – cai?ioi?noue, ia?ci –
yeoeaa?noue, ie?aiaaie – aieiaiee .

8. Iin?e (ao?eaooa, ia?aiao?a, yeino?): niaaeeia? iciaee – aaiaoe,
iooaoe?y – i?aai?ci, aaiaoe/iee eiae – o?iiiniie .

9. Iniiaia ooieoe?y (i?ioean): aai – aaeeoeai?noue, aai – niaaeeia?noue,
i?ieea?noue – anei?eyoe?y/aeen?i?eyoe?y, aaiii –
eiia?iaoe?y/?aeiia?iaoe?y aai?a .

10. Noa’?eo: aoaa?ci – i?aai?ci, aaiaoeea – aaiaoee

11. Ia’?eo: aaa?aoe?y – iieaeoea, no?oeoo?a ee?oeie, oeaieie, i?aaie;
aiae?iaai?y – /ieia?/a aaiaoa, aaee?in – i?aai?ci .

12. ?acoeueoao: aaeeoeai?noue – noia?ia ae?y aaia, aaiaoiaaiac –
aaiaoiaai?y, aaoa?iii?oic – aaoa?iii?o?ci.

13. Iaoa??ae: aaeeoeai?noue – aaie, iiaeeo?eaoe?y – ee?oeie, aio?i?en –
?iaeea?ae, iooaoe?y – AeIE .

14. Aeaea?aei: i?ieea?noue – iooaoe?y .

15. ?iie?eaoe?y: a) oiiae: iooaoe?y – ?aeiia?iaoe?y aai?a,
iaiao?aioi?noue – niaaeeia? iciaee; a) iane?aeee: ?aeiia?iaoe?y aai?a –
iooaoe?y, niaaeeia? iciaee – iaiao?aioi?noue, i?ieea?noue – aaoa?icen .

16. ?ino?oiaio, niin?a, can?a, i?eeii: niin?a aeine?aeaeaiiy aai?a –
aenia?eiaio, can?a aeine?aeaeaiiy o?iiinii – i?e?ineii, i?eeii aiae?co
i?ieeaino? – eii’th?aoe?y aaiii?a .

17. Aniaeo: aeeaa?aaioe?y – aoiieia?/ia aaiaoeea, iie?ii?o?ci –
aeiaaiaoeea, aooa?eaeeia – aeaiia?ao?/ia aaiaoeea .

18. Ia’?eoeaaoe?y: ?ae?ia?aia – o?iiiniiia iao?eoey, iooii – iaeeieoey
iooaoe??, aaiaoe/ia ea?oa o?iiinii – noaia ?icoaooaaiiy aai?a, aaiii –
noeoii?noue aai?a .

19. Aeeiai?ea: niaaeeia?noue (i?ioean) – iooaoe?y .

An? iienai? ooieoe?? noaiiaeyoue noeoii?noue iiiyoo?aeo a?aeiioaiue o
noa?? oa?i?iieia?? c aaiaoeee, aea aeiaeia c ieo ia ? niaoeeo?/ii
aaiaoe/iith.

Iien aaiaoe/ii? oa?i?iieia??, i?iaaaeaiee o oaeiio ieai?, iiaea iaoe
oai?aoe/iee (c?noaaeaiiy ??cieo iia iaoee oa noai?aiiy ?o naiaioe/ii?
oeiieia??) ? i?aeoe/iee (aaaaeaiiy oacao?oniiai iieno a oa?i?iieia?/i?
neiaieee) nain.

O “Aeniiaeao” i?noyoueny i?aenoiee aeine?aeaeaiiy, ie?aneththoueny
ia?niaeoeae iiaeaeueoi? ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie oa iiaeathoueny ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
uiaei iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. Cie?aia,
a?aecia/a?oueny, ui oe?a?inueea oa?i?iieia?y c aaiaoeee i?aaenoaaeaia
ye:

— nenoaiia noeoii?noue oa?i?i?a, ui anooiathoue o ?icaaeoaeai?
???a?o?/i? ca’ycee i?ae niaith, a?aeaeaathoue iaai? iiiyooy aaiaoe/ii?
iaoee a iaaeao i?e?iaeie/iai oeeeeo aeenoeeie?i oa iathoue /?oe?
aeao?i?oe?? a neio?ii?? aeaii? iaoee;

— ae?ao?ii?/ii noi?iiaaia nenoaia, o ye?e ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue
oa?i?i?a iiaoaeiaaia c aeei?enoaiiyi ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueieo
(a?aei-eaoeinueeeo) neiaioai?/eo aeaiaio?a oa ne?a, ui coiiaeaii ye
a?aaeii oi?ioaaiiy aaiaoe/ieo ?aeae (Cao?aeia ?a?iia), oae ? ia?aeiieie
?ioaioe?yie aaoi??a oa?i?i?a c aaiaoeee;

— nenoaia, ui oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aenieei nooiaiai oi?iaeueii-iiaii?
?aaoey?iino? a ioi?ieaii? oa?i?i?a (ui ? eia?/iei ?icaeoeii ?noi???
noaiiaeaiiy aaiaoe/ii? oa?i?iieia??);

— nenoaia, ui a?aeaeaa? no/aniee noai oa ??aaiue aaiaoe/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ye a Oe?a?i?, oae ? ca ei?aeiiii. A oea aeicaiey?
oaa?aeeoe i?i iaaio a?aee?eo?noue aeaii? nenoaie a iaaeao aaiaoeee ye
iaoeiai? aaeoc?.

Nienie eaeneeia?ao?/ieo aeaea?ae i?noeoue ia?ae?e neiaiee?a ??cieo
oei?a, ye? aeei?enoaii a aeine?aeaeaii?. Aei A?ae?ia?ao?/iiai aia?aoo
oa?eoei aeecueei 200 ?ia?o a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo iiaiciaaoe?a.

Aeiaeaoie i?noeoue o nia? Neiaiee-oacao?on oe?a?inueeeo oa?i?i?a c
aaiaoeee.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aena?oeaii a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Neiii?i?y oa aioii?i?y ye aacia? ia?aaeeaiaoe/i? eeane oe?a?inueei?
oa?i?iieia?? c aaiaoeee // Iaoeiaa oa?i?iieia?y ? no/ani?noue. — E.,
1998. — N.171-174.

2. I?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy oe?a?inueei? a?ieia?/ii? oa?i?iieia?? // A?niee
Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. O.Oaa/aiea. — Aei.7: Iiaiciaanoai.
E?oa?aoo?iciaanoai. Oieueeei?enoeea. — 1998. — N.60-62.

3. I?eioeeie iiaeaethaaiiy neiaieea-oacao?ona oe?a?inueei? oa?i?iieia??
c aaiaoeee. — E., 1998. — 24 n.

Aiioaoe??

Nieieianueea O.A. Oe?a?inueea oa?i?iieia?y c aaiaoeee: iioiaeaeaiiy,
no?oeoo?a, nenoaii?noue (e?iaa?noe/ia i?iaeaiaoeea). — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 10.02.01 — Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana
Oaa/aiea. — Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?eio ?iaioo i?enay/aii aiae?co oe?a?inueei? oa?i?iieia?? c
aaiaoeee, ui ?icaeyaea?oueny ye oe?e?niee ia’?eo a aniaeoao oi?ioaaiiy,
no?oeoo?ii-nenoaiieo ca’yce?a oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy. Aeine?aeaeo?oueny
i?iaeaiaoeea aeao?i?oe?? oa?i?ia ? oa?i?iinenoaie a no/aniiio
iiaiciaanoa?, aecia/athoueny oai?aoe/i? canaaee aiae?co aaeocaaeo
oa?i?iieia?e. Cacia/a?oueny, ui oe?a?inueea oa?i?iieia?y c aaiaoeee ?
???a?o?/iith ?aei?noth, yea neeaaeaeanue i?ioyaii noie?oue o Cao?aei?e
?a?ii? ? eeoa ia ii/aoeo OO no. (ye ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueia ca iioiaeaeaiiyi
nenoaia) aoea ia?aianaia a oe?a?inueea iiaia na?aaeiaeua.
Aena?oeththoueny ieoaiiy aiae?co oacao?onieo oa no?oeoo?ieo ooieoe?e, ui
? oi?iaie aeyao ca’yce?a oa a?aeiioaiue oa?i?i?a o aaeoc? aaiaoeee. O
Aeiaeaoeo iiaeathoueny i?iai? noaoo? “Neiaieea-oacao?ona oe?a?inueeeo
oa?i?i?a c aaiaoeee”.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: oa?i?i, oa?i?iinenoaia, oacao?oniee iien eaeneee,
oa?i?iieia?y c aaiaoeee, “eaenen”, “eiain”.

Nieieianeay O.A. Oe?aeineay aaiaoe/aneay oa?ieiieiaey: i?ienoiaeaeaiea,
no?oeoo?a, nenoaiiinoue (eeiaaenoe/aneay i?iaeaiaoeea). — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.02.01 — oe?aeineee ycue. — Eeaaneee
oieaa?neoao eiaie Oa?ana Oaa/aiei. — E., 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeeiiiia enneaaeiaaiea iinayuaii aiaeeco oe?aeineie
aaiaoe/aneie oa?ieiieiaee, eioi?ay ?anniao?eaaaony eae oeaeinoiue iauaeo
a aniaeoao aa oi?ie?iaaiey, no?oeoo?ii-nenoaiiuo naycae e
ooieoeeiie?iaaiey. Enneaaeoaony i?iaeaia aeaoeie?iaaiey iiiyoee oa?ieia
e oa?ieiinenoaiu a nia?aiaiiie eeiaaenoeea, auaeaeaaaony i?eaeiaeueiay
oeiieiaey oa?ieiieiae/aneeo e?eoa?eaa e i?eciaeia, ii?aaeaeythony
i?eioeeiu aiaeeca oceiniaoeeaeueiuo oa?ieiieiaee. Niaoeeaeueii
?anniao?eaaaony i?iaeaia niioiioaiey
“iaoeeiiaeueiiai-eioa?iaoeeiiaeueiiai” a oe?aeineie oa?ieiieiaee.
Ioaeaeueiue ?acaeae iinayuai aii?ino i?ienoiaeaeaiey oe?aeineie
aaiaoe/aneie oa?ieiieiaee e aa neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiuo oi?iaioia,
i?aaeeiaeaia eeanneoeeaoeey neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiuo niiniaia e iiaeaeae.
Ioia/aaony, /oi oe?aeineay aaiaoe/aneay oa?ieiieiaey yaeyaony
ea?a?oe/aneei aaeeinoaii, eioi?ia neeaaeuaaeinue ia i?ioyaeaiee noieaoee
a Caiaaeiie Aa?iia e oieueei a ia/aea OO aaea (eae eioa?iaoeeiiaeueiay
ii i?ienoiaeaeaieth nenoaia) auei ia?aianaii a oe?aeineoth ycueiaoth
n?aaeo. Oai?aoe/anee iniuneeaaaony i?iaeaia ninoaaeaiey
neiaa?ae-oacao?onia aeey ycueiaaae/aneeo e oceiniaoeeaeueiuo oeaeae,
?anniao?eaaaony aii?in aeaieiie aeaoa?ieiaoeee oa?ieiieiae/aneie
eaeneee. Inaauathony aii?inu aiaeeca oacao?oniuo e no?oeoo?iuo ooieoeee,
aunooiathueo oi?iaie i?aaenoaaeaiey naycae e ioiioaiee oa?ieiia a
iaeanoe aaiaoeee. A I?eeiaeaiee iiiauaiu i?iaiua noaouee
“Neiaa?y-oacao?ona oe?aeineie aaiaoe/aneie oa?ieiieiaee”.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oa?iei, oa?ieiinenoaia, oacao?oniia iienaiea eaeneee,
oa?ieiieiaey aaiaoeee, “eaenen”, “eiain”.

SOKOLOVSKA T.G. Ukrainian terminology used in genetics: origin,
structure, systems (linguistically aspects). — Manuscript.

The dissertation for philological sciences candidate degree in specialty
coded as 10.02.01 — the Ukrainian language. – Kyiv State University
named after Taras Shevchenko. — Kyiv, 1999.

The main subject of the thesis is investigation of Ukrainian terminology
used in genetics, which is treated as integral part and is considered
from different points of view – formation, structural and systematic
relation and functioning. Term and term-system definition in modern
linguistics is investigated; theoretical foundations of special
therminologies are defined. Ukrainian terminology used in genetic is
treated as hierarchical integrity, which had been formed during
centuries in Western Europe, and was transferred to the Ukrainian
language environment only at the beginning of XX century (as
international system by its origin). Thesaurus and structural functions
are illustrated.

Those function are considered as a type of relations and connections
between the terms used in genetics. Pilot articles from “Thesaurus
Dictionary of Ukrainian Genetics Terminology” are available in the
Annex.

Key words: term, term-system, thesaurus description of vocabulary, terms
used in genetics, “lexis”, “logos”.

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