Ee?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aiaaeueii-aeiiii?/iee oi?aa?neoao

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

Iaeueiee Ieaenaiae? Iaaeiae/

?iaeaen OAeE 640.4.03

OAeINEIIAEAIIss OI?AAE?IIss AIOAEUeIEI AINIIAeA?NOAII

08.06.02 — i?aei?e?iieoeoai, iaiaaeaeiaio oa ia?eaoeia

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Ee?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aiaaeueii-aeiiii?/iiio
oi?aa?neoao? I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,
Ea?nae?i Aaea??e ?aaiiae/,

Ee?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aiaaeueii-aeiiii?/iee oi?aa?neoao, i?ioani?

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, Eooeaiei A??a ?aai?aia, ?aaea ii
aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoth/a a?aeae?eii

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, no. iaoe. ni?a?ia?oiee, Oeey?oe Eaoa?eia
Naiai?aia, I?i?noa?noai aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie, canooiiee ia/aeueieea
a?aeae?eo.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

?inoeooo aeiiii?ee IAI Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e nioe?aeueii? noa?e, aeioiae?a ?
??aiy aeeooy ianaeaiiy, i. Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “18” ethoiai 1999 ?ieo i 14.00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.055.01 i?e Ee?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oi?aiaaeueii-aeiiii?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith:
253156, i. Ee?a-156, aoe. E?ioi, 19., aoae. 221.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aiaaeueii-aeiiii?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith:
253156, i.Ee?a-156, aoe. E?ioi, 19.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “18” n?/iy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

e.a.i., aeioeaio
___________ Ii?iciaa I. ?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aioaeueia ainiiaea?noai — oea neeaaeia
aaaaoiooieoe?iiaeueia ainiiaea?noai, aei yeiai o a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a
aoiaeeoue cia/ia e?euee?noue i?ae?icae?e?a, ui ? iniiaieie aeey
noi?aeieo noa? ae?yeueiino?. Oea iia’ycaii c oei, ui ca nai?i
i?ecia/aiiyi, e??i iniiaii? iineoae — iaaeaiiy ii/?ae?, aioaeueia
ainiiaea?noai iaaea? cia/io e?euee?noue aeiaeaoeiaeo iineoa.

I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c a?o/eciyii? ? ca?oa?aeii? iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e aeyaea
iaiiaiioo aena?oeaiiy, a o aeayeeo aeiaaeeao i?aeoe/ii iiaio
a?aenooi?noue oai?aoe/ieo ?ic?iaie ? i?aeoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue c ieoaiue
oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiei ainiiaea?noaii. A?eueo?noue iaoeiaoe?a, cie?aia
A?aeia? ?.A., Aoaa?iei A.N., ?nia?a Ae.E., Eiaai O.E., Iane?aei?eia
A.A., Iia?eia A.I., Naiaiia A.N, Eaa?oaeueiia A.A., Oiaei?eia E.O., yeui
? i?eae?eythoue oaaao i?iaeaiai ?icaeoeo aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa, oi
o?eueee ye iaei?e c neeaaeiaeo oo?ecio, oiaoi aeineoue nei?i/aii ?
iaiiaii. E??i oiai, cia/ii oo?oaeith? i?iaaaeaiiy aiae?co ?nioth/a
iaaeineiiaea noaoenoeea c oo?ecio oa aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie.
Ana oea na?ae/eoue i?i iaaeinoaoith oaaao ye c aieo aea?aeaae, oae
iaoeiaoe?a ? niaoe?ae?no?a aei oai?aoe/ieo ? i?aeoe/ieo i?iaeai ?icaeoeo
aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa. Ana aeuaiaaaaeaia iio?aao? iaoeiai
iaa?oioiaaiiai ? eiiieaeniiai ?icaeyaeo i?iaeai oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiei
ainiiaea?noaii ye neeaaeiai? noa?e iineoa c o?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae, ui
eiio aeanoea?.

Oaeee i?aeo?ae aecia/ea i?eioeeiiao iiceoe?th aaoi?a uiaei iaoiaeieia??
i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue, ui aea? ciiao a?eueo iaa?oioiaaii i?ae?eoe
aei iae?iaeiiii?/ii? iiaeae? oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiei ainiiaea?noaii ?
aieeao oaeoi??a ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua. Aeey a?eueoi? eiie?aoecaoe??
ia’?eoa aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei aecia/aii aieiai? oa?i?iieia?/i?
iiiyooy, aeei?enoai? o aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?: aioaeueia ainiiaea?noai,
aioaeueiee eiiieaen, aioaeue.

No/aniee noai ?icaeoeo aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa aeiaaa? a?eueo
aeaaaeaii? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy ia an?o ??aiyo ? aea?aeaaiiai
?aaoethaaiiy, iacaeaaeii a?ae oi?i ainiiaea?thaaiiy ? aeaniino?. O
ca’yceo c oeei aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue o ?ic?iaoe? i?ia?ai ?icaeoeo
aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa ? oo?ecio ia aea?aeaaiiio oa ?aa?iiaeueiiio
??aiyo, ui iio?aao? iiaiai i?aeoiaeo aei oai?aoe/ieo ? iaoeiai
iaa?oioiaaieo iieiaeaiue ?icaeoeo ? oaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie oi?aae?iiy
i?aei?e?inoa aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Ai?iaaoe??th
aeine?aeaeaiiy noaea o/anoue o aeeiiaii? aea?aeathaeaeaoii?
iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? oaie “Oaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy ?
o?iainiai-ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa aioaeueiiai
ainiiaea?noaa o no/anieo oiiaao”. I?ioyaii 1996-1997 ??. caeiaoaa/
i?aoethaaa iaae aeeiiaiiyi aini?ic-?aooieiaiai aeiaiai?o ?406/33
“I?iaeaie ?icaeoeo aioo??oiueiai ? i?aeia?iaeiiai oo?ecio a Oe?a?i?” ca
oaeeie iniiaieie ?icae?eaie: “?ic?iaea oei?caoe?? i?aei?e?inoa
aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie”, “Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?nioth/iai noaio
aioo??oiueiai oo?ecio a Oe?a?i?”, “?ic?iaea ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e c i?iaeai
aioo??oiueiai oo?ecio a Oe?a?i?”.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ?
iaa?oiooaaiiy iniiaieo iai?yie?a oaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie oi?aae?iiy
aioaeueiei ainiiaea?noaii a ia??iae noaiiaeaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei.

Aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe aeiaaa? ae??oaiiy oaeeo caaea/:

· ie?aneaiiy eiea oai?aoe/ieo ieoaiue oi?aae?iiy oa aeiiii?/iiai
?icaeoeo, ui aieeaathoue ia ?icaeoie aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa oa
oo?ecio o ia??iae noaiiaeaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei;

· aecia/aiiy i?noey aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa o nenoai? ?icoe?aiiai
a?aeoai?aiiy ? eiai cia/aiiy aeey ?icaeoeo onueiai
ia?iaeiiainiiaea?nueeiai eiiieaeno a no/anieo oiiaao;

· aeyaeaiiy niaoeeo?/ieo iniaeeainoae aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa ye
ia’?eoa oi?aae?iiy;

· ooi/iaiiy ci?noo iniiaieo oa?i?iieia?/ieo iiiyoue: aioaeueia
ainiiaea?noai, aioaeueiee eiiieaen, aioaeue;

· aiae?c ci?noiaii? ? ooieoe?iiaeueii? nooiino? oaeoi??a, ui aieeaathoue
ia no/aniee noai oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaaie aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa,
aeae?eaiiy no/anieo oaiaeaioe?e aieeao oaeoi??a ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua
i?yii? ? iai?yii? ae??;

· aiae?c iniiaieo iieaciee?a, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue aoaeoeai?noue
oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiei ainiiaea?noaii;

· ?ic?iaea iniiaieo iai?yie?a oaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiei
ainiiaea?noaii.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? o:

· ?ic?iaoe? ? eiie?aoecaoe?? oai?aoe/ieo iiiyoue i?aaeiaoa
aeine?aeaeaiiy;

· iaa?oiooaaii? iniiaii? ?ie? ia’?eoa aeine?aeaeaiiy o no?oeoo??
ia?iaeiiainiiaea?nueeiai eiiieaeno;

· aecia/aii? niaoeeo?/ieo iniaeeainoae oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiei
ainiiaea?noaii ye neeaaeiaith noa?e iineoa;

· aeine?aeaeaii? iniiaieo oaeoi??a, ui aieeaathoue ia i?ioean oi?aae?iiy
aioaeueiei ainiiaea?noaii;

· ioe?ioe? aieeao oaeoi??a ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua i?yii? ? iai?yii?
ae?? ia no?oeoo?o oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiei ainiiaea?noaii;

· noai?aiiy iiaeae? oi?aae?iiy i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iei ?icaeoeii
aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa oa oo?ecio a Oe?a?i? ia aea?aeaaiiio ?
?aa?iiaeueiiio ??aiyo e aecia/aii? iniiaieo aoai?a ?? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy;

· ?ic?iaoe? no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiei eiiieaenii;

· oei?caoe?? i?aei?e?inoa aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa;

· aecia/aii? iniiaieo ?aa?ii?a oi?ioaaiiy ?nioth/eo oo?enoe/ieo iioie?a
aioo??oiueiai ? i?aeia?iaeiiai oo?ecio caeaaeii a?ae ?oiuei?
?ioaineaiino?;

· ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo iaiao?aeii? e?eueeino? i?noeue o
i?aei?e?inoaao aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? o oiio, ui
oai?aoe/i? ? iaoiaeieia?/i? ?ic?iaee, aeniiaee ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??,
cai?iiiiiaai? caeiaoaa/ai, iiaeooue noaoe iniiaith: i?iaaaeaiiy
iiaeaeueoeo oai?aoe/ieo ? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue o noa??
aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa ? oo?ecio; ?ic?iaee aea?aeaaieo, ?aa?iiaeueieo
? i?ae?aa?iiaeueieo i?ia?ai ?icaeoeo aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa ?
oo?ecio.

?ic?iaeaio iiaeaeue nenoaie oi?aae?iiy aioaeueieie eiiieaenaie ia
aea?aeaaiiio ? ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??aiyo, ui i?noeoue i?eioeeiiao noaio
oi?ioaaiiy aioaeueieo eiiieaen?a, iniiai? ooieoe?? ??cieo ??ai?a
oi?aae?iiy, aeei?enoaii o i?ioean? oaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiei
ainiiaea?noaii i. Ee?aa (aeia?aeea Oi?aae?iiy c ieoaiue aioaeueiiai
ainiiaea?noaa, oo?ecio oa aeneo?n?e i?e Ee?anuee?e i?nuee?e aea?aeaai?e
aaei?i?no?aoe?? ?307/153 a?ae 12.12.1997 ?.).

Iaoiaeeeo ooai?aiiy aioaeueieo eiiieaen?a ? iiaeaeue i?aai?caoe?eii?
no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy aeei?enoaii Anioe?aoe??th aioaeueieo ia’?aeiaiue ?
aioae?a i?no Oe?a?ie ye ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aei ai?iaaaeaeaiiy (aeia?aeea
Anioe?aoe?? aioaeueieo ia’?aeiaiue ? aioae?a i?no Oe?a?ie ?105/44 a?ae
09.12.1997 ?.).

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeei?enoaii o aeeiiaii?
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeueei? ?iaioe ?406/33 “I?iaeaie ?icaeoeo
aioo??oiueiai ? i?aeia?iaeiiai oo?ecio a Oe?a?i?” o oaeeo ?icae?eao:
“?ic?iaea oei?caoe?? i?aei?e?inoa aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie”;
“Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?nioth/iai noaio aioo??oiueiai oo?ecio a Oe?a?i?”;
“?ic?iaea aa??aio?a ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e c i?iaeai aioo??oiueiai oo?ecio a
Oe?a?i?” (aeia?aeea Ee?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aiaaeueii-aeiiii?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?03/33 a?ae 02.02.1998 ?.). ?aeiiaiaea-oe??
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeueei? ?iaioe aeei?enoaii o ?ic?iaoe? “I?ia?aie
?icaeoeo oo?ecio a Oe?a?i?” (aeia?aeea Eii?oaoo c ieoaiue iieiae?,
nii?oo ? oo?ecio i?e Aa?oiai?e ?aae? Oe?a?ie ?06-5/13-499 a?ae
25.12.1997?.), “I?ia?aie nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ia?oia?noaa ? ?icaeoeo
oo?ecio a Oe?a?i?” (aeia?aeea Oe?a?inueei? oo?enoe/ii? anioe?aoe??
?06/6720 a?ae 16.12.1997 ?.), “I?ia?aie ?icaeoeo oo?ecio o A?iieoeuee?e
iaeano? ? Iiae?euenueeiio ?aa?ii?” (aeia?aeea Aea?aeaaiiai eii?oaoo ii
oo?ecio o A?iieoeuee?e iaeano? ?06/9547 a?ae 09.12.1997 ?.).

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue ia i?aeia?iaeieo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo
oa aioo??aoc?anueeeo eiioa?aioe?yo i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai
neeaaeo EAeOAO i?ioyaii 1994-1998 ??., a oaeiae ia i?aeia?iaei?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Iieueua ? Oe?a?ia i?ney ?? na?oiai? a?eie”, Iieueua,
i.AEaooa.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aoei
iioae?eiaaii o 7 iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo caaaeueiei ianyaii 1,27 ae?. a?e., a
oiio /ene? iniaenoeo — 1,22 ae?. a?e.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe a?aeiia?aea? ?? oe?eueia?e
ni?yiiaaiino? ? aecia/aia eia?/iith iine?aeiai?noth ae??ooaaieo
caaaeaiue. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c? ci?noo, anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a
iniiaii? /anoeie, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, aeiaeaoe?a.
Iiaiee ianya aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe — 170 n., c ieo ?ethno?aoe?e — 16,
oaaeeoeue — 27, aeiaeaoe?a — 9, nieneo iniiaieo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae,
e?euee?noth 110.

INIIAIEE CI?NO

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, ??
ca’ycie c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie ? oaiaie aeine?aeaeaiue, noi?ioeueiaai?
iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a
? ?oi? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy.

No/aniee e?eciaee noai aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie noaa iane?aeeii caaaeueii?
e?ece oi?aae?iiy ia?iaeiei ainiiaea?noaii yea i?iyaeeany, ia?o ca ana, o
iaaeineiiaeino? ?eieiaeo ia?aoai?aiue, ui iia’ycaii, a iniiaiiio, c
ianeaiei aieeaii aea?aeaae ia i?ioeane ?o oi?ioaaiiy ? noaiiaeaiiy. Oiio
? iaia-o?aei?noue aeoea?caoe?? ?ie? aea?aeaae o oi?ioaaii? ?eieiaiai
iaoai?cio, ?aaoeth-aaii? ? oi?aae?ii? ye an?i ia?iaeiiainiiaea?nueeei
eiiieaenii e?a?ie, oae ? ie?aieie iai?yieaie ae?yeueiino?, aei yeeo
iaeaaeeoue ? aioaeueia ainiiaea?noai.

Oaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiei ainiiaea?noaii ia?ic?eaii
iia’ycaii c ae??oaiiyi i?iaeai, ui iinoaee ia?aae on??th nenoaiith
oi?aae?iiy nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iei ?icaeoeii Oe?a?ie o ia??iae
noaiiaeaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei.

Aioaeueia ainiiaea?noai noaiiaeoue iniiaio neeaaeiao /anoeio oo?ecio,
yeee ? iaei??th c iaea?eueo i?eaooeiaeo noa? ae?yeueiino?, i?i ui
na?ae/eoue aiae?c no?oeoo?e iaaeoiaeaeaiue a?ae oo?ecio o e?a?iao
?a?iie. Ca aeaieie AOI 32% i?eiaaea? ia iaaeoiaeaeaiiy a?ae ?ici?uaiiy,
25 — a?ae oa?/oaaiiy ? iaii?a, 9 — a?ae ?icaaa, 6 — a?ae aioo??oiueiai
o?ainii?oo, 24 — a?ae oi?a?ae? oa ?aooa 4% — a?ae ?ioeo iai?yie?a
ae?yeueiino?.

Aaaeeeaei oaeoi?ii ?icaeoeo oo?ecio a oe?eiio, a oaeiae aioaeueiiai
ainiiaea?noaa cie?aia, ? i?e?iaeii-?ae?aaoe?eiee ? ?noi?eei-eoeueoo?iee
iioaioe?ae, yeee aea? ciiao e?a?iai, iaa?oue oei, ui aaaaeathoueny
aeiiii?/ii neaai?icaeiaieie, iin?aeaoe cia/ia i?noea ia na?oiaiio
oo?enoe/iiio ?eieo ca iaia’yceiai? oiiae aeoeaii? aea?aeaaii? i?aeo?eiee
oe??? noa?e ae?yeueiino?.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Oai?aoe/i? ia?aaeoiiae oaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy
aioaeueiei ainiiaea?noaii” aeine?aeaeaii caaaeuei? i?iaeaie oi?aae?iiy
o ia??iae noaiiaeaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei, iniaeeaino? oi?aae?iiy
aioaeueiei ainiiaea?noaii ye neeaaeiai? noa?e iineoa oa oaeoi?e, ui
aieeaathoue ia oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiei ainiiaea?noaii Oe?a?ie.

Iaeyae iaoeiai?-oai?aoe/ii? e?oa?aoo?e aeaa ciiao anoaiiaeoe, ui
i?iaeaiai oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa i?eae?ey?oueny
iaaeinoaoiy oaaaa. A aeena?oaoe?? aeiaaaeaii, ui ??aaiue ?icaeoeo
aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa aecia/a?oueny caaaeueiei ??aiai aeiiii?/iiai
?icaeoeo ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa e?a?ie. Oea iaoiiaeth? oa, ui
oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiei ainiiaea?noaii ye neeaaeiai? noa?e iineoa,
iio?aao? iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaiiai ? eiiieaeniiai i?aeoiaeo c o?aooaaiiyi
iniaeeainoae aeaiiai iai?yieo ae?yeueiino? o aca?iica’yceo ?c
i?iaaaeaiiyi aeiiii?/ieo ?aoi?i a Oe?a?i?.

Aeiiii?/ia e?eca a Oe?a?i? aeyaeea iai?aeaioiaeai?noue oo?ecio ?
aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa cie?aia, aei aoaeoeaiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy a
oiiaao ?eieiaiai na?aaeiaeua. Ca?aeii i?iaaaeaieo iaie ?ic?aooie?a ia
iniia? aeaieo I?inoaoo Oe?a?ie, o ia??iae c 1992 ii 1997 ??.
/enaeuei?noue i?aei?e?inoa aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie nei?ioeeany
ia 16,9%, ui i?ecaaei aei nei?i/aiiy iaeii?aciai? i?noeino? ia 23,9%
(oaae. 1). sseui ae ?icaeyiooe oaeee iieaciee, ye e?euee?noue i?noeue o
aioaeueiiio ainiiaea?noa? ia iaeio oeny/o i?noeaaiai ianaeaiiy, oi a
Aano??? a?i noaiiaeoue 86, o Oaaeoea??? — 42, a ?oae?? — 29, o O?aioe??
— 23. Aiaeia?/iee iieaciee a Oe?a?i? ca iaoeie i?ae?aooieaie o 1991 ?.
aoa ia ??ai? 3,1 i?noey, a o 1997 ?. — 2,4 i?noey, oiaoi, a?aeaoaa?oueny
iinooiiaa nei?i/aiiy iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ii? aace aioaeueiiai
ainiiaea?noaa.

Aecia/aii, ui ?icaeoie aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa aaeueio?oueny ieceith
ianoaaei ye ia’?eoeaiiai, oae ? noa’?eoeaiiai oa?aeoa?o. Ia?o ca ana, —
oea caeaaei?noue ?icaeoeo aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa a?ae aieeao oaeoi??a
ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua. Ii-ae?oaa, — oea iaaeinoaoiy e?euee?noue
no/anieo aioaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa, iecueeee ??aaiue na?a?no oa ?i.

?eiie iineoa aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa aaco?oueny ia aeiiii?/ieo
a?aeiineiao, ye? neeaaeathoueny o i?ioean? ae?iaieoeoaa, ?aae?caoe?? oa
i?aai?caoe?? i?ioeano niiaeeaaiiy, ui a naith /a?ao aieeaa? ia iaoai?ci
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ? oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiei ainiiaea?noaii. A?eueoa /anoeia
oeeo iineoa o iaiaoa??aeuei?e noa?? aeiiii?ee ?nio? iacaeaaeii iaeia
a?ae iaeii?.

Aiae?coth/e ?ieue aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa a ia?iaeiiainiiaea?nueeiio
eiiieaen? Oe?a?ie iaie aoei aecia/aii ? iaa?oioiaaii oae? eiai iniiai?
ooieoe??, ye: aeio?aeia, caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy, ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ia ?
?aa?iiaeueia.

I?aeaeuaiiy ?ie? aea?aeaae o ?aaoethaaii? iae?iaeiiii?/ieo i?ioean?a,
i??i?eoaoiee ?icaeoie noa?e iineoa, neeaaeiaith yei? ? aioaeueia
ainiiaea?noai, oa ?ieue, ui a?ae?a?a? aioaeueia ainiiaea?noai a
aeiiii?oe? e?a?ie, na?ae/aoue i?i iaiao?aei?noue noai?aiiy ?aeeiiai
aea?aeaaiiai i?aaio oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiei ainiiaea?noaii oa oo?eciii,
yeee ia no/aniiio aoai? a?aenooi?e. Cia/ei?noue ae??oaiiy aeaiiai
ieoaiiy c?inoa?, yeui a?aoiaoaaoe ana a?eueoa iiaeeaeaiiy i?ioean?a
?ioaa?aoe?? aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie a ?icaaeoaeaia nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia,
eoeueoo?ia i i?aaiaa na?aaeiaeua ?a?iie i na?oo.

Oaaeeoey 1

Iniiai? iieacieee ?icaeoeo iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ii? aace aioaeueiiai
ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie o 1992-1997 ??.

I I E A C I E E EIae.? I E E aei.199219931994199519961997E?euee?noue
aioae?aiae.165415871466139613681375o % aei 1992
?.%100,095,988,684,482,783,1Iaeii?aciaa i?noe?noue,

o % aei 1992 ?.oen. i?noeue

157,4

100,0

148,1

94,1

140,0

88,9

130,8

83,1

125,2

79,5

119,8

76,1Na?aaei?e ??aaiue caaaioaaeaiino?

o % aei 1992 ?.

%

47,0

100,0

44,2

94,0

34,2

72,8

29,3

62,3

23,9

50,9

21,5

45,7Ia iaoo aeoieo, ?nio? cia/ia ia?niaeoeaa noeioethaaiiy ?icaeoeo
aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie, iniaeeai ia no/aniiio aoai?
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?eieiaeo ?aoi?i, i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi /iai iiaeooue aooe
oaiaeaioe?? aeioiaeo aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa ? eiai ieoiia aaaa o AAI
(ca aeaieie I?inoaoo Oe?a?ie), iiaeai? ia ?en. 1. *anoea aioaeueiiai
ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie o AAI i?ioyaii inoaii?o ?ie?a ia? /?oeo
oaiaeaioe?th aei ca?eueoaiiy ? ca ia??iae 1991-1996 ??. c?inea o 8
?ac?a. A a?aoiaoth/e oa, ui iniiaiee oyaa? aeiiii?/ii? e?ece i?eiaaea?
ia iaoa??aeueia ae?iaieoeoai (80-90%), aeiey noa?e iineoa, a oiio /ene?
? aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa, o AAI iino?eii c?inoa?, noaiiaey/e
aani?aaio aeey anac?inoath/i? e?eueeino? aea?eueiaieo c ?ioeo aaeocae
?iai/eo ?oe. Noa?a iineoa, ui i?noeoue o nia? aioaeueia ainiiaea?noai,
ana a?eueoa a?ae?a?a? ?ieue nai???aeiiai caiia?aeiiai caniao a?ae
iiaeeeaiai nioe?aeueiiai aeaooo a oiiaao aeiiii?/ii? e?ece, caiia?aath/e
ianiaiio aac?ia?ooth.

Ana oea na?ae/eoue i?i iaiao?aei?noue a?eueo aeeaieiai oai?aoe/iiai oa
i?aeoe/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeai oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa
aeey /iai iaie aoee eiie?aoeciaai? iniiai? ia’?eoe aeine?aeaeaiiy oa
iaa?oioiaai? oa?i?iieia?/i? iiiyooy: aioaeueia ainiiaea?noai, aioaeueiee
eiiieaen, aioaeue.

wmetafile8? ??9?????????? ???????yyy????????????
A?n???

???/???????????????????????????????AAA?AUeA?¦E?? 
»»»)))UUUMMMBBB999y|?yPPOe?“IiyiOeAEccOe©?enoiie 1.
A?ao?e oaiaeaioe?e ci?ie aeioiae?a aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie o %
aei AAI.

I?iaaaeaiee iaie aiae?c cana?ae/ea, ui aieiaiith iniaeea?noth
aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa ? eiai aaaaoiooieoe?iiaeuei?noue, iaoiiaeaia
neeaaei?noth ? ??cii??aei?noth iai?yie?a eiai ae?yeueiino? a i?ioean?
ae?iaieoeoaa, ?aae?caoe?? oa i?aai?caoe?? i?ioeano niiaeeaaiiy
aioaeueieo iineoa.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui oaeoi?ai ye? aieeaathoue ia oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiei
ainiiaea?noaii i?eae?ey?oueny iacia/ia oaaaa. Ia iao iiaeyae,
aeei?enoaiiy o?eueee oaeiai oaeoi?a, ye eeaneo?eaoe?y i?aei?e?inoa
aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa, ? iaaeinoaoi?i. Oiio aaoi? aeneiaeth?
iaa?oioiaaio aeoieo uiaei ?ic?iaee ? cai?iaaaeaeaiiy oei?caoe??
i?aei?e?inoa aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa.

Aecia/aiiy oa iaa?oiooaaiiy iniiaieo oei?a i?aei?e?inoa aioaeueiiai
ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie aeanoue iiaeeea?noue oaeineiiaeaiiy oai?aoe/iiai
oa i?aeoe/iiai i?aeoiaeo aei: noai?aiiy i?aai?caoe?eieo no?oeoo?
oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiei ainiiaea?noaii ia iae?i- ? i?e?i??aiyo; ae??oaiiy
ieoaiue i?eueaiaiai iiiaeaoeoaaiiy, ?iaanoeoe?eii? iie?oeee c aieo
aea?aeaae oa i?aai?a i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy, oiio ui ??ci? oeie
i?aei?e?inoa aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa iathoue ??cio nioe?aeueio
cia/ei?noue; i?ioean?a, iia’ycaieo c oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/iei iaa?oiooaaiiyi
i?iaeooaaiiy ? aoae?aieoeoaa iiaeo oa ?aeiino?oeoe?? ae?th/eo aioaeueieo
i?aei?e?inoa oiui.

Aeooaeueiith i?iaeaiith ? ?ic?iaea aea?aeaaii?, i?ae?aa?iiaeueieo oa
?aa?iiaeueieo i?ia?ai ?icaeoeo oo?ecio oa aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa, ui
iio?aao? iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaiiai ? eiiieaeniiai, c o?aooaaiiyi
i?aeoe/iiai aeina?aeo, i?aeoiaeo aei ieaioaaiiy oa i?iaiicoaaiiy
?icaeoeo aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa ye e?a?ie a oe?eiio, oae ? ie?aieo ??
?aa?ii?a.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “No/aniee noai oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiei
ainii-aea?noaii: aeine?aeaeaiiy oaeoi??a” i?iaaaeaii aiae?c oaeoi??a, ui
aieeaathoue ia aoaeoeai?noue oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiei ainiiaea?noaii
Oe?a?ie, aeine?aeaeai? oaeoi?e ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua i?yii? ae?? ?
iai?yii? ae??, ui aieeaathoue ia oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiei ainiiaea?noaii,
c?iaeaiee aiae?c aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaaie aioaeueiiai
ainiiaea?noaa ia iae?i- ? i?e?i??aiyo.

Oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiei ainiiaea?noaii ia iae?i??ai? caeaaeeoue a?ae
oaeoi??a ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ianaiia?aae
aea?aeaaiith iie?oeeith o noa?? oo?ecio.

Cia/iee aieea oaeoi??a ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua ia oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiei
ainiiaea?noaii iaoiiaeaiee ye neeaaei?noth ? iaaecia/ai?noth oeeo
oaeoi??a, oae ? iaaaeaioiaai?noth ae?th/eo no?oeoo? oi?aae?iiy aei
?oiuei? ae??. O i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy iaie aoei aecia/aii iniiai? c
ieo, ui iaee iaea?eueoee aieea ia oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiei ainiiaea?noaii:
?eiie iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ieo cania?a iaiao?aeieo aeey ooieoe?iioaaiiy
aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa; naaiaio ?eieo o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a aeey
aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa; ?eiie eai?oaeo; ii?iaoeai? oa caeiiiaeaa/?
aeoe; ?aa?iiaeueiee oaeoi?; niiaeeaa/? iineoa aioaeueiiai
ainiiaea?noaa; eoeueoo?i?, aeiiii?/i? ? iie?oe/i? aniaeoe i?aeia?iaeieo
iiae?e; nioe?ieoeueoo?i? oaeoi?e oa ?i.

Aiae?cii oaeoi??a ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua, ia iao iiaeyae, iiaeii? a
ia?oo /a?ao caeiaoeny aeu? i?aaie aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiei
ainiiaea?noaii, ui aeanoue iiaeeea?noue a?eueo aeieeaaeii i?iaiicoaaoe
ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo aioo??oiueiai ? i?aeia?iaeiiai oo?ecio ia
?aa?iiaeueiiio ? aea?aeaaiiio ??aiyo c o?aooaaiiyi ?ae?aaoe?eiiai oa
?noi?eei-eoeueoo?iiai iioaioe?aeo Oe?a?ie.

I?iaaaeaii aiae?c aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaaie aioaeueiiai
ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie, yeee ia? ye iiceoeai?, oae ? iaaaoeai? noi?iie.
Iaaaoeai? iia’ycai? ye ?c e?eciaei noaiii on??? aeiiii?ee e?a?ie, oae ?
c iaaeie?eaie a ?nioth/?e nenoai? oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiei ainiiaea?noaii.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao oaeoi??a ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua aeyaeei
iaaeineiiae?noue ae?th/i? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiei ainiiaea?noaii
ye ia iae?i-, oae ? ia i?e?i??ai?. C iaoith iiooeo iaea?eueo aoaeoeaii?
nenoaie oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiei ainiiaea?noaii Oe?a?ie aoee i?iaiae?ciaai?
iniiai? iieacieee, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue aoaeoeai?noue oi?aae?iiy aeaiei
iai?yieii ae?yeueiino?. Aeey oeueiai aoa i?iaaaeaiee ii??aiyeueiee
aiae?c, ui aeeth/aa: ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa
aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie ? i?aei?e?inoa, i?aeii?yaeeiaaieo
Aea?aeaaiiio eii?oaoo ii oo?ecio, iaeiei c iniiaieo aeae?a ae?yeueiino?
yeiai ? iaaeaiiy aioaeueieo iineoa; aiae?c ae?yeueiino? ie?aieo
i?aei?e?inoa aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie aeey aecia/aiiy iaea?eueo
aoaeoeaii? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy ie?aiei i?aei?e?inoaii.

Iaeiei c aieiaieo iieaciee?a ioe?iee yeino? i?ioeano oi?aae?iiy ?
aeiiii?/i? ?acoeueoaoe ?icaeoeo i?aei?e?inoaa oa ?o no?oeoo?a.

Iaea?eueoa cia/aiiy aeey i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?inueei?
ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa ia aeaiiio aoai?
?icaeoeo iathoue no?oeoo?i? ci?ie, ui ciaoiaeyoue a?aeia?aaeaiiy o
noeoiiino? i??i?eoao?a c?inoaiiy aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a. Aeey iiooeo
a?eueo aoaeoeaii? no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoa aioaeueiiai
ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie aoei i?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy, uiaei
a?aeiia?aeiino? oaeoe/ii? no?oeoo?e iieaciee?a ?icaeoeo i?aei?e?inoa aei
ii?iaoeaii? no?oeoo?e iieaciee?a. Ii?iaoeaia no?oeoo?a iieaciee?a
a?aeia?aaea? iio?aao aoaeoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoa, oaeoe/ia
no?oeoo?a — i??i?eoaoe o c?inoaii? iieaciee?a, ui neeaeeny.

I??ith a?aeiia?aeiino? cacia/aieo no?oeoo? ? oae caaia “i?iii?oe?ei?noue
aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy”, aai “aeeiai?/iee ii?iaoeaiee ?yae”. Aiia
a?aeia?aaea? aoaeoeai?noue oi?aae?inueei? ae?yeueiino?, ine?eueee
na?ae/eoue i?i ?? iiaeeea?noue aeinyaaoe o i?ioean? ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoa iaaieo ni?aa?aeiioaiue o c?inoaii? aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a.

Aeey oi?ioaaiiy neeaaeo iieaciee?a ioe?iee iaie aeei?enoaii eia?/iee
iaoiae, iniiaith yeiai ? o?aooaaiiy oiia ?ioaineaiiai oeio ?icaeoeo
i?aei?e?inoa aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa. Ia eiai iniia? aoei
noi?ioeueiaaii ii?iaoeaio no?oeoo?o (ii?iaoeaiee ?yae) oaii?a c?inoaiiy
(O) iieaciee?a ?icaeoeo i?aei?e?inoa aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie
ia no/aniiio aoai?:

Oci < Oa < Oaea < Oi < Oaeae < Oe?, aea ci - aeo?aoe ia iieaoo i?aoe?; a - aeo?aoe ia aenieoaoaoe?th; aea - aeioiae a?ae aenieoaoaoe??; i - i?eaooie; aeae - aeioiae a?ae iaaeaiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo iineoa; e? - aeo?aoe ia eai?oaeueiee ?aiiio. Aeaiee ii?iaoeaiee ?yae na?ae/eoue, ui iaea?eueo iaiaaeoaaeueiei iieacieeii ? oaiie c?inoaiiy aeo?ao i?aoe?, a iaeaeuei - oaiie c?inoaiiy eai?oaeueieo aeo?ao. Oea iia’ycaii ? c niaoeeo?eith no/aniiai ?icaeoeo aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie, aea ciin iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ii? aace noaiiaeoue a?ae 60 aei 100%. Iaiao?aei?noue i??i?eoaoieo oaii?a c?inoaiiy eai?oaeueieo aeo?ao iaoiiaeaii oei, ui eai?oaeuei? aeo?aoe ia no/aniiio aoai? ? ia o?eueee iane?aeeii aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy, a e i?iyaii aaeaioiaaiino? i?aei?e?inoa aei aieeao oaeoi??a ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua, ui aeyaey?oueny ianaiia?aae o iaiao?aeiino? i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? iniiaii? iineoae. Nooi?iue ni?aa?aeiioaiiy I?I ? oaeoe/iiai ?yaeo iieaciee?a ioe?ith?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith eiao?oe??ioa (r) ?aiaiai? ei?aeyoe?? (eiao?oe??ioa Ni??iaia), ui ?ic?aoiao?oueny ca oi?ioeith: n 6 S d? i=1 r = 1 - ----------- n(n? - 1) d - eaaae?ao ??cieoe? ?aia?a iieaciee?a o ?yaeo; n - e?euee?noue ?aia?a o ?yaeo. I?iaaaeai? iaie ?ic?aooiee cana?ae/eee, ui iaea?eueo iaaaoeai? i?ioeane a?aeaoaaeeny o i?aei?e?inoaao, i?aeii?yaeeiaaieo aea?aeaaei?i?no?aoe?yi, i?i ui na?ae/aoue cia/i? ci?ie eiao?oe??ioa ei?aeyoe?? (?en. 2). Oaeaeea ci?ia eiao?oe??ioa ei?aeyoe?? c “+” ia “-” c aaeeeith aiie?ooaeith (a?ae +0,80 aei -0,77) na?ae/eoue i?i iaaaoeai? oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo i?aei?e?inoa oa ?oiuei? aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy. Oae? ?ioaineai? iieacieee ?icaeoeo i?aei?e?inoa aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa, ye i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? oa e?eueeino? aeiaeaoeiaeo iineoa (i’yoa i?noea o aeeiai?/iiio ?yaeo) i?aeoe/ii ia aeei?enoiaoaaeeny. Ona oea na?ae/eoue, ui a oi?aae?ii? aeaieie i?aei?e?inoaaie ia?aaaaeath/iai cia/aiiy iaee iioi/i? oa iia?aoeai? oi?aae?inuee? ??oaiiy, ui cae?enithaaeeny c o?aooaaiiyi ei?ioeino?ieiaeo ianoaaei, ye? ? na?ae/aiiyi a?aenooiino? iaaii? e?i?? oi?aae?inueei? iiaaae?iee. wmetafile8? ??Y?? ???????? ???????yyy???????????? ?S??? ???/???????????????????????????????AAA?AUeA?¦E??  """)))UUUMMMBBB999y|?yPPOe?“IiyiOeAEccOe©Cia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioa ei?aeyoe?? c? ciaeii “-” o an?o i?aei?e?inoaao aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie ca aiae?ciaaiee ia??iae iia’ycaii, ia iao iiaeyae, ye ?c caaaeueiei e?eciaei noaiiaeuai aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie, oae ? c iai?aeaioiaeai?noth aioaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa aei ooieoe?iioaaiiy a ?eieiaeo oiiaao. ?ioith iaea?eueo aaaiiith i?e/eiith ? iaaeineiiaea aaeaioiaai?noue aioaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa aei aieeao oaeoi??a ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua. Ona aeuaiaaaaeaia i?aeoaa?aeaeo? aeoieo aaoi?a i?i iaiao?aei?noue ci?ie ?nioth/i? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy oeyoii noai?aiiy ?aeeiiai i?aaio aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy oa eii?aeeiaoe?? ?icaeoeo i?aei?e?inoa aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie. O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe “Iniiai? iai?yiee oaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiei ainiiaea?noaii” ca ?acoeueoaoaie i?iaaaeaiiai oai?aoe/iiai ? i?aeoe/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee ?ic?iaeai?: oei?caoe?y i?aei?e?inoa aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa, iiaeaeue ?icaeoeo i?aei?e?inoa aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa, cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae ?ic?iaee nenoaie oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiei ainiiaea?noaii. A iniiao oei?caoe?? iieeaaeaii ooieoe?iiaeueia i?ecia/aiiy i?aei?e?inoaa aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa, yea caeaaeeoue a?ae ae?? oaeoi??a, ui iaaaaeai? o oaae. 2. Aieiaiei oaeoi?ii, yeee oa?aeoa?eco? oei i?aei?e?inoaa aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa, ? iaoa iiaei?iae? oo?enoa, ui caeaaeeoue a?ae aeaeo oo?ecio. Caeaaeii a?ae iaoe iiaei?iae? i?aei?e?inoaa aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa iiae?eythoueny ia o?aiceoi?, ae?eiaiai i?ecia/aiiy ? aioae? aeey a?aeii/eieo. Iaie ?icaeyiooi iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae ieaioaaiiy oa i?iaiicoaaiiy ?icaeoeo aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa, ui aacothoueny ia aecia/aii? iniiaieo ?aa?ii?a, ?nioth/eo oo?enoe/ieo iioieao ? iaoiaeeoe? ?ic?aooieo iaiao?aeii? e?eueeino? i?noeue o i?aei?e?inoaao aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa. O caeaaeiino? a?ae ?ioaineaiino? ?nioth/eo oo?enoe/ieo iioie?a aioo??oiueiai ? i?aeia?iaeiiai oo?ecio oa iayaii? iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ii? aace i?aei?e?inoa aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa iaie cai?iiiiiaaia eeaneo?eaoe?y iniiaieo ?aa?ii?a ia: ii??aiyii ?ioaineaiiai ?icaeoeo, na?aaeiueiai ??aiy ?icaeoeo, neaaei?ioaineaiiai ?icaeoeo. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo iaiao?aeii? e?eueeino? i?noeue o i?ae-i?e?inoaao aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa. ?ic?aooiie iaiao?aeii? e?eueeino? i?noeue o i?aei?e?inoaao aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa ?aa?iio aeeiio?oueny ca oi?ioeith: O ? q ? d ? k ? 0,8 M = -----------------------, D aea I - i?iaiicia e?euee?noue i?noeue o i?aei?e?inoa?, i?noeue; T - i?iaiicia e?euee?noue oo?eno?a, ui i?eaoaathoue o aeaiee ?aa?ii (iaeanoue, i?noi oiui) ca ??e, /ie.; q - eiao?oe??io iaeneiaeueiiai i?eaoooy oo?eno?a o ia??iae iaea?eueoiai iiieoo ia aioaeueia ?ici?uaiiy; d - na?aaei?e no?ie ia?aaoaaiiy oo?eno?a o i?aei?e?inoaao, ae?a; k - eiao?oe??io iiieoo ia aioaeueia ?ici?uaiiy; 0,8 - eiao?oe??io caaaioaaeaiino? i?aei?e?inoa; D - e?euee?noue aei?a ia??iaeo iaea?eueoiai iiieoo, aei?. Oaaeeoey 2 ?aeiiaiaeiaai? oa?aeoa?enoeee oaeoi??a, ui aecia/athoue oei i?aei?e?inoaa aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa Iniiai? oeie i?aei?e?inoa aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa aeey oei/aniaiai i?noeai?iaeeaaiiyOAEOI?EAe?eiaiaiO?aiceoi?Aeey a?aeii/eieoi?ecia/aiiyEo?i?oi?Oo?enoe/i?Aeey ianiaiai oo?ecioN?iaei?Oe?eue iiaei?iae?Ae?eiaa, eiia?-oe?eia, i?aae-noaaieoeueeaEi?ioeino?i-eiaa o?ainii?-oia coieieaE?eoaaiiy, a?aeii/eiie A?aeii/eiie, aeneo?n?y, ca-iyooy nii?oiiA?aeii/eiie, e?eoaaiiyA?aeii/eiieI?noeacia-oiaeaeaiiyOeaio?e aaeeeeo i?no, eo?i?oe i?aeia?iaeiiai cia/aiiyO?ainii?oiee aocieEo?i?oia i?noeaa?noue c e?eoaaeueieie oaeoi?aieIiaeeco (o) ?ae?aaoe?eieo cii eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/ieo i?noeue Eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/i? ? ?ae?aaoe?ei? ciieEo?i?oia i?noeaa?noue, ciie a?aeii/eieo, oiui??aaiue ianeo-aiaoaaiiya?ae “” aei “”a?ae “” aei “”a?ae “” aei “”On?o eaoaai??eA?ae aac eaoaai-??? aei “”A?ae “” aei “”No?ie ia?aaoaaiiy1-7 ae?aaei 3 ae?a14-21 ae?a3-21 ae?aaei 21 aeiae14-45 ae?a?aaeei aenieoaoaoe??Oe?ei??/iiOe?ei??/iiNaciiii aai oe?ei??/iiNaciiii aai oe?ei??/iiNaciiii, oe?ei-??/ii, ci?oaiiNaciiii aai oe?ei??/iiI?noe?noue (i?noeue)Iae?, na?aaei?Iae?, na?aaei?Iae?, na?aaei?Na?aaei?, aaeee?Iae?, na?aaei?Iae?, na?aaei?Ianeoaiaaiee eiioeiaaioI?aoeacaeaoia ianaeaiiyCi?oaieeCi?oaieeCi?oaieeCi?oaieeN?i’? c ae?oueie ??ciiai a?eoCai?iiiiiaai? aeua iaoiaeeee ? oei?caoe?y i?aei?e?inoa aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa iiaeooue noaoe iniiaith aeey ?ic?iaee ?aa?iiaeueieo i?ia?ai ?icaeoeo aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa oa ?iaeono??? oo?ecio, oaeineiiaeaiiy ?nioth/eo nenoai oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiei ainiiaea?noaii. ?ic?iaeaia iiaeaeue oi?aae?iiy i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iei ?icaeoeii aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa oa aecia/aii iai?yiee ?icaeoeo iaoai?cio oi?aa-e?iiy aioaeueiei ainiiaea?noaii, iniiaieie c yeeo ?: noeioethaaiiy ?icaeoeo i?aei?e?inoa aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa ca ?aooiie ?ino?oiaio?a oe?iiai?, iiaeaoeiai? oa ?iaanoeoe?eii? iie?oeee; i?aai?caoe?y aioaeueieo eiiieaen?a (AE). Noai?aiiy aioaeueieo eiiieaen?a ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny i?iaaaeeoe o oae?e iine?aeiaiino?: ia’?aeiaiiy i?aei?e?inoa aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa iaeiiai oeio; noai?aiiy aeanii? aai i?e?aeiaiiy aei AE ae?th/i? o?iainiai? no?oeoo?e; ia’?aeiaiiy AE c i?aei?e?inoaaie oa i?aai?caoe?yie o?ainii?oo, ca’yceo, ae?th/eie oo?aaaionoaaie ? oo?iia?aoi?aie oa i?aei?e?inoaaie ? i?aai?caoe?yie ?ioeo noi?aeieo aaeocae, ui aoiaeyoue aei ?io?ano?oeoo?e oo?ecio. ?enoiie 3. I?aai?caoe?eia no?oeoo?a oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiei eiiieaenii (AE) Cai?iiiiiaaia iaie iiaeaeue i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy AE (?en. 3) ia? o?e ??ai?: aeuee (no?aoaa?/iee); na?aaei?e (ooieoe?iiaeueiee); ieae/ee (iia?aoe?eiee). Aei iniiaieo ooieoe?e aeuiai (no?aoaa?/iiai) ??aiy oi?aae?iiy iaeaaeaoue: aecia/aiiy no?aoaa?/ieo oe?eae oa caaea/ AE, no?aoaa?/ia ieaioaaiiy ? i?iaiicoaaiiy ?icaeoeo; ae??oaiiy eiia?oe?eieo, oe?iiaeo ? aeeniao/a?nueeeo ieoaiue. Iniiaieie ooieoe?yie na?aaeiueiai (ooieoe?iiaeueiiai) ??aiy oi?aae?iiy AE ?: ea??aieoeoai oa eiio?ieue ca ae?iaieoeoaii ? caooii iaeiiai aeaeo iineoa ainoeiiino? oa a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca iueiai. Ia ieae/ee (iia?aoe?eiee) ??aaiue oi?aae?iiy iieeaaeaii ooieoe?? i?eeiyooy iia?aoeaieo ??oaiue o ?aieao nai?o i?ae?icae?e?a. CAAAEUeI? AENIIAEE OA I?IIICEOe?? 1. A?aoiaoth/e iniaeeaino? no/aniiai aeiiii?/iiai noaio Oe?a?ie, iaiao?aeii noeioethaaoe ?icaeoie aaeocae ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa, iaaeath/e i??i?eoao oei c ieo, ye? i?e iaaaeeeeo aeo?aoao iiaeooue aeaoe oaeaeeee, noaa?eueiee i?eaooie. Oaeith aaeoccth, ye na?ae/eoue na?oiaee aeina?ae, aaaaea?oueny ?iaeono??y oo?ecio, iniiaiith neeaaeiaith /anoeiith yei? ? aioaeueia ainiiaea?noai. 2. Noai aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa aecia/a?oueny caaaeueiei ??aiai aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie. 3. Iniaeea?noue aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa, ye ia’?eoo noa?e iineoa, i?iyaey?oueny o aca?iica’yceo aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa c ?ioeie noa?aie ae?yeueiino?, ui aieeaa? ia eiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy ? oi?aae?iiy oa aeiaaa? ii?aeiaiiy ??cieo aaeocaaeo nenoai oi?aae?iiy. 4. Aeey eiie?aoecaoe?? ia’?eo?a aeine?aeaeaiiy iaa?oioiaai? oa?i?iieia?/i? iiiyooy: aioaeueia ainiiaea?noai, aioaeueiee eiiieaen, aioaeue. 5. Iaa?oioiaaia iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaee ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o i?aeoe/io ae?yeuei?noue oei?caoe?? i?aei?e?inoa aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa, uia aeaaaeaii i?ae?eoe aei ae??oaiiy ?yaeo oi?aae?inueeeo ieoaiue, iia’ycaieo ?c: noai?aiiyi i?aai?caoe?eieo no?oeoo? oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiei ainiiaea?noaii; iaaeaiiyi i?eueaiaiai iiiaeaoeoaaiiy o caeaaeiino? a?ae nioe?aeueii? cia/ouino? aioaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa; ai?iaaaeaeaiiyi ?iaanoeoe?eii? iie?oeee c aieo aea?aeaae ? i?aai?a i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy; oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/iei iaa?oiooaaiiyi i?ia?ai ?icaeoeo aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa ?aa?iio, i?noeaaino? oiui. 6. ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny i?e ?icaeyae? e?eoa???a ioe?iee oaeoi??a, ui aieeaathoue ia oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiei ainiiaea?noaii, aeae?eyoe iaea?eueo aaaii? ooieoe??, ui i?eoaiaii? aioaeueiiio ainiiaea?noao: aeio?aeio; ciai?oiuei-aeiiii?/io, ui iiae?ey?oueny ia aea? neeaaeia? (aenii?oio ooieoe?th ? ooieoe?th ?i?aeaeo); caeiyoino?; ?aa?iiaeueio. Oaeee i?aeo?ae aei ioe?iee aieeao oaeoi??a ia oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiei ainiiaea?noaii i?iiiio?oueny aeei?enoiaoaaoe i?e ?ic?iaoe? i?ia?ai nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo ?aa?ii?a, i?no oiui. 7. ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y nenoaie oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiei ainiiaea?noaii o ia??iae ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie iia’ycaia c iaiao?aei?noth ?? i?enoinoaaiiy aei aieeao oaeoi??a ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua i?yii? ? iai?yii? ae??, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoueny cia/iith neeaaei?noth ? ?ooeea?noth. 8. Aiae?c aieeao oaeoi??a ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua i?yii? ae?? ia oi?ioaaiiy no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiei ainiiaea?noaii Oe?a?ie aeicaieea aecia/eoe oae? iaea?eueo aaaii? c ieo, ye: iinoa/aeueieee iaoa??aeo, o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a ? eai?oaeo; caeiiiaeaa/? ? ii?iaoeai? aeoe Oe?a?ie; niiaeeaa/?; eiieo?aioe; i?noeaciaoiaeaeaiiy i?aei?e?inoa aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa. I?iiiio?oueny aeey ae??oaiiy i?iaeai: iinoa/aiiy - a no?oeoo?? oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa cai?iaaaeeoe eiia?oe?eio neoaeao; eaae?iaiai caaacia/aiiy - ?ic?iaeoe ?aeeio nenoaio i?aeaioiaee, ia?ai?aeaioiaee ? i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? ia?niiaeo aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa ia aea?aeaaiiio ??ai?; ?iaanooaaiiy eai?oaeo - iniiaiei aeaea?aeii iaaeoiaeaeaiue eai?oaeo o aioaeueia ainiiaea?noai iiaeii? noaoe: aeani? eiooe ye iane?aeie noai?aiiy aioaeueieo eiiieaen?a; caeo/aiiy o ia?oo /a?ao iaoe?iiaeueieo ?iaanoi??a, a oaeiae ?iicaiieo; aea?aeaaia i?aeo?eiea aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa oeyoii iaaeaiiy i?eueaiaeo e?aaeeo?a ? ?iaanoeoe?e. Caeiiiaeaa/? ? ii?iaoeai? aeoe iiaeii? aooe ni?yiiaai? ia aea?aeaaia ?aaoethaaiiy ? i?aeo?eieo ?icaeoeo i?aei?e?inoa aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa. 9. I?e oi?ioaaii? oi?aae?inueei? no?oeoo?e aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny ia?o ca ana i???iooaaoenue ia aioo??oiueiai niiaeeaa/a iineoa ainoeiiino?, ?icaeoie aioo??oiueiai oo?ecio. 10. Ia iniia? aiae?co aieeao ia no?oeoo?o oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiei ainiiaea?noaii oaeoi??a ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua iai?yii? ae?? i?iiiio?oueny ia ??ai? i?aai?a aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ? oi?aae?iiy i?iaiaeeoe aiae?c: i?aeia?iaeieo iiae?e na?oo, ui aieeaathoue ia ?icaeoie ? no?oeoo?o i?aeia?iaeiiai oo?ecio Oe?a?ie; eoeueoo?ieo, aeiiii?/ieo ? iie?oe/ieo aniaeo?a noaio ? ?icaeoeo e?a?i, ui iinoa/athoue ?iicaiieo oo?eno?a. 11. Aiae?c aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaaie aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie oeyoii ioe?iee i?iii?oe?eiino? aeiiii?/iiai c?inoo ? ?acoeueoao?a ?oiuei? ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? aeicaieea aeyaeoe oae? iaaeie?ee ?nioth/i? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiei ainiiaea?noaii, ye: i?aeii?yaeeiaai?noue ??ciei i?i?noa?noaai oa a?aeiinoaai; a?aenooi?noue aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy; ??cea iaae?iiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe? i?e i?aeaeuaii? ca?ia?oii? ieaoe; iacia/ia aeiey aeioiae?a a?ae iaaeaiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo iineoa; iaae?iiy eiao?oe??ioa caaaioa-aeaiino? i?aei?e?inoa aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa; aenieee nooi?iue ciioaiino? iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ii? aace aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa. Aeey iiaeieaiiy oeeo yaeu ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny: i?iaiaeeoe iie?oeeo ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? oa yeino? aeiaeaoeiaeo iineoa o aioaeueieo i?aei?e?inoaao ye cia/iiai aeaea?aea aeioiae?a; aeaaaeaii noaaeoeny aei oe?iiai? iie?oeee i?aei?e?inoa; i?aeaeuoaaoe aoaeoea-i?noue aeei?enoaiiy iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ii? aace aioaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa oa ?i. 12. ?ic?iaeaia aaoi?ii iiaeaeue oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiei ainiiaea?noaii ia?aaeaa/a? aecia/aiiy ? iaa?oiooaaiiy iniiaieo ooieoe?e ?aeeiiai aeuiai aea?aeaaiiai i?aaio ?aaoethaaiiy ae?yeuei?noth aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa ? oo?ecio. Oeaio?aeueiith eaieith aeaii? iiaeae? oi?aae?iiy iiaeiai noaoe aioaeueiee eiiieaen, noai?aiee ia iniia? ia’?aeiaiiy i?aei?e?inoa aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa c ooieoe?iiaeueii iia’ycaieie i?aei?e?inoaaie oa i?aai?caoe?yie noi?aeieo aaeocae ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa. 13. Noai?aiiy aioaeueieo eiiieaen?a, ia iao iiaeyae, aeanoue iiaeeea?noue i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa ca ?aooiie: ca?eueoaiiy ? eiioeaio?aoe?? eai?oaeo; naaiaioaoe?? oo?enoe/iiai ?eieo ? i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? oa e?eueeino? aeiaeaoeiaeo iineoa; aeeaaeaiiy eioo?a o aeniei?aioaaaeuei? i?aei?e?inoaa ? i?aai?caoe?? noi?aeieo aaeocae; noai?aiiy ?aeeii? eiii’thoa?ii? nenoaie a?iithaaiiy iineoa ainoeiiino? c iiaeaeueoei i?e?aeiaiiyi aei aeiaaeueieo eiii’thoa?ieo ia?aae; noai?aiiy aenieii?ioan?eii? nenoaie aaciaee AE oa niiaeeaa/?a iineoa; ai?iaaaeaeaiiy nenoaie noaiaea?oecaoe?? ? na?oeo?eaoe?? iineoa oa ?i. 14. ?ic?iaeaia ? ?aeiiaiaeiaaia aei ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oei?caoe?y i?aei?e?inoa aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa, a iniiao yei? iieeaaeaii ooieoe?iiaeueia i?ecia/aiiy aioaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa. 15. Cai?iiiiiaai? aaoi?ii ?aa?iiaeueiee ?iciiae?e ?nioth/eo oo?enoe/ieo iioie?a ? iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo iaiao?aeii? e?eueeino? i?noeue o i?aei?e?inoaao aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa ?aeiiaiaeothoueny aeey i?aeoe/iiai ai?iaaaeaeaiiy i?ae /an ?ic?iaee ?aa?iiaeueieo, eieaeueieo i?ia?ai ?icaeoeo aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa ? oo?ecio oa oaeineiiaeaiiy ?nioth/i? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiei ainiiaea?noaii Oe?a?ie. NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1. Iaeueiee A.I. Aeoaeeci oo?enoe/aneiai ?uiea // ?icaeoie ianiaiai oa?/oaaiiy, aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa i oo?ecio a oiiaao ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei: Oac. aeii. i?aeia?. iaoe.-i?ae. eiioa?aioe?? EAeOAO. - E., - 1994. - n. 118-119. 2. Ea?ya?i TH.I., Iaeueiee I.I. Oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo aioaeueii? ?iaeono??? na?oo i ?? aieea ia ?icaeoie aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie // Ianiaa oa?/oaaiiy, aioaeueia ainiiaea?noai ? oo?eci a oiiaao ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei: Ca. iaoe. noaoae EAeOAO. - E. 1997. 3. Iaeueiee I.I. Iniaeeaino? ?icaeoeo oo?ecio oa aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie // I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee. Aeiiii?ea. - 1997. - ?52 (63). - n. 36-40. 4. Iaeueiee I.I. ?ieue aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa o nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiio ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie // I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee. Aeiiii?ea. - 1997. - ?52(63). - n. 41-45. 5. Iaeueiee I.I. Iiaeaeue i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie // I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee. Aeiiii?ea. - 1998. - ?7(74). - n. 1-5. 6. Iaeueiee I.I. I?iaeaie ?icaeoeo aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie // Oaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia??, i?aai?caoe??, ianiaiai oa?/oaaiiy, aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa ? oo?ecio: Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue. - Ee?a: EAeOAO, 1998. n. 29-33. 7. Iaeueiee I.I., Iaeueiee I.I. E?eoa??? ioe?iee yeino? iineoa, ui iaaeathoueny i?aei?e?inoaaie aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa // I?aeia?iaeia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y “I?iaeaie yeino? o a?iiaaenueeiio oa?/oaaii? aioaeueiiio ainiiaea?noa? ? oo?eci?”: Iaoa??aee eiioa?aioe?? (28-29 aeiaoiy 1998 ?ieo, Ee?a) / A?aei. ?aae. A.A. Iaca?ae?. - E., 1998. n. 211-213. AIIOAOe?ss Iaeueiee I.I. Oaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiei ainiiaea?noaii. - ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.06.02 - i?aei?e?iieoeoai, iaiaaeaeiaio oa ia?eaoeia. - Ee?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aiaaeueii-aeiiii?/iee oi?aa?neoao, Ee?a, 1999. Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi oaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiei ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie. I?iaaaeaii aiae?c ae?th/i? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiei ainiiaea?noaii ye ia iae?i-, oae ? ia i?e?i??aiyo. Aecia/aia ?ieue aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa o nenoai? ?icoe?aiiai a?aeoai?aiiy oa eiai cia/aiiy aeey aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie. Oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii iniiaiee iiiyo?eiee aia?ao aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa. I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaei ciiao aeyaeoe iniiai? oaeoi?e ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua oa ?o aieea ia i?aei?e?inoaa aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa. Cai?iiiiiaaia oei?caoe?y i?aei?e?inoa aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa, iiaeaeue oi?aae?iiy i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iei ?icaeoeii aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa, aecia/aii iai?yiee ?icaeoeo iaoai?cio oi?aae?iiy aioaeueiei ainiiaea?noaii iniiaiei c yeeo ? i?aai?caoe?y aioaeueieo eiiieaen?a. Caeaaeii a?ae ?ioaineaiino? ?nioth/eo oo?enoe/ieo iioie?a aioo??oiueiai ? i?aeia?iaeiiai oo?ecio oa iayaii? iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ii? aace i?aei?e?inoa aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa aecia/aii iniiai? ?aa?iie eiai ?icaeoeo oa cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo iaiao?aeii? e?eueeino? i?noeue o i?aei?e?inoaao aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa. Eeth/ia? neiaa: oi?aae?iiy, aioaeueia ainiiaea?noai, aioaeueiee eiiieaen, aioaeue, oaeoi?e ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua, aoaeoeai?noue oi?aae?iiy, iaoai?ci oi?aae?iiy. AIIOAOeEss Iaeueiee A.I. Oniaa?oainoaiaaiea oi?aaeaiey ainoeie/iiai oicyenoaa. - ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.06.02 - i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoai, iaiaaeaeiaio e ia?eaoeia. - Eeaaneee ainoaea?noaaiiue oi?aiai-yeiiiie/aneee oieaa?neoao, Eeaa, 1999. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai oi?aaeaiey ainoeie/iiai oicyenoaa Oe?aeiu. I?iaaaeaiiue aiaeec aeaenoaothuae nenoaiu oi?aaeaiey naeaeaoaeuenoaoao, /oi aeaaiie iniaaiiinoueth ainoeie/iiai oicyenoaa anoue aai iiiaiooieoeeiiaeueiinoue, eioi?ay iaoneiaeaia neiaeiinoueth e iiiainoi?iiiinoueth iai?aaeaiee aai aeayoaeueiinoe. Ii?aaeaeaiu e iainiiaaiu iniiaiua ooieoeee ainoeie/iiai oicyenoaa eae noa?u aeayoaeueiinoe, eioi?ay ea?aao ana aic?anoathuoth ?ieue eae iaeei ec niiniaia i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiey aiciiaeiuo nioeeaeueiuo ac?uaia a oneiaeyo yeiiiie/aneiai e?ecena. Oniaa?oainoaiaaiea nenoaiu oi?aaeaiey ainoeie/iui oicyenoaii a ia?eiae ?aoi?ie?iaaiey yeiiiieee Oe?aeiu naycaii n iaiaoiaeeiinoueth aa aaeaioaoeeae e aeeyieth oaeoi?ia aiaoiae n?aaeu i?yiiai e einaaiiiai aicaeaenoaey, eioi?ua oa?aeoa?ecothony cia/eoaeueiie neiaeiinoueth e iiaeaeaeiinoueth. Aaoi?ii aia?aua i?iaaaeai aiaeec aeeyiey oaeoi?ia aiaoiae n?aaeu i?yiiai aicaeaenoaey ia oi?ie?iaaiea no?oeoo?u oi?aaeaiey ainoeie/iiai oicyenoaa Oe?aeiu. Ii?aaeaeaia ?ieue ainoeie/iiai oicyenoaa a nenoaia ?anoe?aiiiai aini?iecaiaenoaa e aai cia/aiea aeey ?acaeoey anaai ia?iaeiioicyenoaaiiiai eiiieaena. Oai?aoe/anee iainiiaai iniiaiie iiiyoeeiue aiia?ao: ainoeie/iia oicyenoai, ainoeie/iue eiiieaen, ainoeieoea. Aeaia ioeaiea yooaeoeaiinoe oi?aaeaiey i?aaei?eyoee ainoeie/iiai oicyenoaa iooai n?aaieoaeueiiai aiaeeca no?oeoo?u ?acoeueoaoia aai aeayoaeueiinoe ii ioiioaieth e ii?iaoeaiiio ?yaeo iieacaoaeae. Iainiiaaia iaiaoiaeeiinoue ?ac?aaioee iniiaiuo oeiia i?aaei?eyoee ainoeie/iiai oicyenoaa Oe?aeiu, eioi?ay aeano aiciiaeiinoue oniaa?oainoaiaaoue oai?aoe/aneea e i?aeoe/aneea iiaeoiaeu a nicaeaiee i?aaiecaoeeiiiuo no?oeoo? oi?aaeaiey ainoeie/iui oicyenoaii ia iae?i- e iee?io?iaia, ?aoaiee aii?inia eueaioiiai iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey, eiaanoeoeeiiiie iieeoeee ni noi?iiu ainoaea?noaa e ianoiuo i?aaiia naiioi?aaeaiey, oae eae ?acee/iua oeiu i?aaei?eyoee ainoeie/iiai oicyenoaa eiatho ?acee/ioth nioeeaeueioth cia/eiinoue, aeey ?aoaiey aii?inia, naycaiiuo n oaoieei-yeiiiie/aneei iainiiaaieai i?iaeoe?iaaiey, no?ieoaeuenoaa iiauo e ?aeiino?oeoeee aeaenoaothueo ainoeie/iuo i?aaei?eyoee. I?aaeeiaeaia oeiecaoeey i?aaei?eyoee ainoeie/iiai oicyenoaa n o/aoii ioa/anoaaiiiai e ca?oaaaeiiai iiuoa. A a? iniiao iieiaeaii ooieoeeiiaeueiia iacia/aiea i?aaei?eyoey ainoeie/iiai oicyenoaa, eioi?ia caaeneo io aeaenoaey oaeeo oaeoi?ia, eae: oeaeue iooaoanoaey oo?enoa; ianoi?aniieiaeaiea ainoeie/iiai i?aaei?eyoey; o?iaaiue i?aaeinoaaeyaiuo oneoa (eeann); n?ie i?aauaaiey oo?enoa; ?aaeei yenieoaoaoeee ainoeie/iiai i?aaei?eyoey; iniiaiia iacia/aiey (aeey iinoiyiiiai eee a?aiaiiiai i?iaeeaaiey); aianoeiinoue; eiioeiaaio ianeoaeeaaaiuo oo?enoia. Aeey ieaie?iaaiey e i?iaiice?iaaiey ?acaeoey ainoeie/iiai oicyenoaa ii?aaeaeaiu iniiaiua ?aaeiiu nouanoaothueo oo?enoe/aneeo iioieia e i?aaeeiaeaia eo eeanneoeeaoeey. ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea ?an/aoa iaiaoiaeeiiai eiee/anoaa iano a i?aaei?eyoeyo ainoeie/iiai oicyenoaa n o/aoii aicaeaenoaey oaeeo iniiaiuo oaeoi?ia: ni?in ia ?aciauaiea a i?aaei?eyoeyo ainoeie/iiai oicyenoaa; nouanoaothuea a ?aaeiia oo?enoe/aneea iioiee; ianoi?aniieiaeaiea i?aaei?eyoeyo ainoeie/iiai oicyenoaa e aai oei. I?aaeeiaeaia iiaeaeue oi?aaeaiey i?aaiecaoeeiiii-yeiiiie/aneei ?acaeoeai ainoeie/iiai oicyenoaa, iniiaiuie yoaiaie aiaae?aiey eioi?ie anoue: iiaeaioiaeoaeueiue yoai, i?aaiecaoeeiiiue yoai, ?aaeecaoeeiiiue yoai. Ii?aaeaeaiu iai?aaeaiey ?acaeoey iaoaiecia oi?aaeaiey ainoeie/iui oicyenoaii, eioi?ua aeeth/atho: noeioee?iaaiea ?acaeoey i?aaei?eyoee ainoeie/iiai oicyenoaa ca n/ao eino?oiaioia oeaiiaie, iaeiaiaie e eiaanoeoeeiiiie iieeoeee; i?aaiecaoeeth ainoeie/iuo eiiieaenia. Nicaeaiea ainoeie/iuo eiiieaenia ?aeiiaiaeoaony i?iaiaeeoue a oaeie iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoe: iauaaeeiaiea i?aaei?eyoee ainoeie/iiai oicyenoaa iaeiiai oeia; i?aaiecaoeey nianoaaiiie eee i?eniaaeeiaiea e AE aeaenoaothuae oeiainiaie no?oeoo?u; iauaaeeiaiea AE n i?aaei?eyoeyie e i?aaiecaoeeyie o?ainii?oa, nayce, aeaenoaothueie oo?aaaionoaaie, oo?iia?aoi?aie, i?aaei?eyoeyie e i?aaiecaoeeyie ae?oaeo niaaeiuo io?aneae, eioi?ua aoiaeyo a eio?ano?oeoo?o oo?ecia. ?anniio?aiu e i?aaeeiaeaiu iniiaiua ooieoeee iiae?acaeaeaiee ?aciuo o?iaiae oi?aaeaiey ainoeie/iiai eiiieaena. Eeth/aaua neiaa: oi?aaeaiea, ainoeie/iia oicyenoai, ainoeie/iue eiiieaen, ainoeieoea, oaeoi?u aiaoiae n?aaeu, yooaeoeaiinoue oi?aaeaiey, iaoaieci oi?aaeaiey. ANNOTATION Melnik O.P. Improvement of the hotel services management. - Manuscript. Dissertation for a candidate of economic sciences degree for a speciality 08.06.02 - enterprising, management and marketing - Kyiv state trade-economic university, Kyiv, 1999. Dissertation is devoted to the questions dealt with the management practice improvement in the sphere of hotel services in Ukraine. Available management system was analyzed both on macro- and microlevels. The role of hotel services within the system of the extended reproduction and the importance of this business for the state's economy were determined. The basic conceptual instrument of hotel services was theoretically substantiated. Typification of the hotel services as well as a management model oforganization-and-economic development of the latter was proposed, trends of the development of mechanism of hotel services management were specified with the hotel complexes organization being of prime importance among them. The main regions of the hotel services development were determined depending on the intensity of the existing home and foreign tourist movements and available facilities, and the procedure of calculation of hotels accommodation capacity is advanced. Key - words: management, hotel services, hotel complex, hotel, factors of the external environment, management efficiency. mechanism of management.

Похожие записи