oe?a?inueea Aeaaeai?y Aea?aeaaiiai Oi?aae?iiy

i?e I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie

OI?IIAINUeEA Ieueaa Aaiiaae??aia

OAeE 351.814.4

Oaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy oeea?eueiith

aa?aoe??th Oe?a?ie ia no/aniiio aoai?

25.00.03 — i?aai?caoe?y oa oi?aae?iiy a aea?aeaaieo onoaiiaao

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaoe c aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oe?a?inuee?e Aeaaeai?? aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy i?e
I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe,

EOE’ssIIA Na?a?e Oeiio?eiae/,

Aea?aeaaia aa?aoe?eia aaei?i?no?aoe?y Oe?a?ie, ia/aeueiee a?aeae?eo
na?oeo?eaoe??.Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe,

EENEIA Aaneeue Aaneeueiae/,

I?aeaaeocaaee ?inoeooo i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe, i?ioani? eaoaae?e
iaiaaeaeiaioo ? ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e;

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe,

AI?II?I Ieaenaiae? Ieaenaiae?iae/,

I?aeia?iaeiee oi?aa?neoao oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??, aeioeaio eaoaae?e
aeiiii?ee

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Iaoe?iiaeueiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao “Ee?anueeee iie?oaoi?/iee
?inoeooo”, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a i?iieneiaiai
ia?eaoeiao, i.Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “23” eenoiiaaea 999?. i “16-00” aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.810.02 a Oe?a?inueeee
Aeaaeai?? aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy i?e I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie ca
aae?anith: 252057, Ee?a, aoe. Aaeaia Iioue?, 20.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oe?a?inueei?
Aeaaeai?? aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy i?e I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie ca
aae?anith: 252057, Ee?a-57, aoe. Aaeaia Iioue?, 20.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “19” aeiaoiy 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee A.I.Iiaianthe

1

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Anooi. C i?iaieioaiiyi naiino?eiiai aea?aeaaiiai ?icaeoeo ? ia?aoiaeii
aeiiii?ee aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei a Oe?a?i? ?icii/aany i?ioean iiiaeaiiy
anueiai noni?eueiiai aeeooy, o oiio /ene? e noa?e oi?aae?iiy.

Nueiaiaei? oeea?eueia aa?aoe?y Oe?a?ie ciaoiaeeoueny a oiiaao
ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo anueiai ainiiaea?nueeiai iaoai?cio: ia oeyoo a?ae
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-eiiaiaeieo iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy oa ?iciiae?eue/eo
ooieoe?e aea?aeaaieo i?aai?a aei aeiiii?ee ?eieiaiai oeio, a ye?e
aea?aeaaa aeeiio? ?aaoethth/o ?ieue ? yea aaco?oueny ia caeiiiaeaa/?e oa
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaia?e aac?.

?ai?aai?caoe?y nenoaie oi?aae?iiy aaeoccth oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie
ia? a?aeaoaaoeny c o?aooaaiiyi oiai, ui a no?oeoo?? aea?aeaaieo i?aai?a
oi?aae?iiy iaiao?aeii iaoe aaeeeee i?aai?caoe?eiee aeie:
ae?iaie/i-aaeocaaiai ?aaoethaaiiy, a ?aieao yeiai ia? oi?ioaaoeny
i?aai?caoe?eii-oi?aae?inuee? no?oeoo?e ??ciiai oeio.

?c ci?iaie ciai?oi?o oiia ooieoe?iioaaiiy ia?aae oeea?eueiith aa?aoe??th
iinoathoue ye?nii iia? caaaeaiiy, ui aeoiaeyoue ca cae/i? ?aiee ?
aeeiiaiiy yeeo iio?aao? ci?i o nenoai? oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? oa o
a?aeiia?aeieo i?aai?caoe?eieo no?oeoo?ao oi?aae?iiy. Ia?ao?ae aei
a?aeiinei iiaiai oeio aeey Oe?a?ie — ?eieiaeo, aeiaaa? i?iaaaeaiiy
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? aaeoc? a oe?eiio oa ?? ae?iaie/i? noa?e, cie?aia.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. O na?oia?e i?aeoeoe? noi?ioaaeany caaaeueiii?eeiyoa
nenoaia oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??, ui aeeth/a? i?aeia?iaeia ?aaoethaaiiy oa
iaaeyae, oi?aae?iiy iaoe?iiaeueieie nenoaiaie ?aaoethaaiiy oa
?io?ano?oeoo?aie oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? a ie?aieo e?a?iao. I?inoa
eii?thaaiiy nenoai oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? i?e noai?aii? aeanii?,
iaoe?iiaeueii?, ia iiaea i?eianoe aaaeaiiai ?acoeueoaoo. Oe? nenoaie
oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? ae?thoue a e?a?iao c? noaeeie noi?iiaaieie
caeiiiaeaanoaaie, ye?nii ?ioeie aeiiii?/ieie a?aeiineiaie oa
a?aei?aoeueiaaieie iaoai?ciaie ?aaoethaaiiy, a iaoa ae aea?aeaaa ua
ciaoiaeeoueny ia aoai? aeoeaiiai oi?ioaaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa, ?eieo oa
iaoai?ci?a eiai ae?yeueiino?. Aeey i?aeo?eiaiiy a aaeoc? oeea?eueii?
aa?aoe?? iaiao?aeieo ??ai?a aaciaee, ooieoe?iioaaiiy oa ?icaeoeo
ae?yeueiino?, eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?, aoaeoeaiino? a Oe?a?i?
noai?th?oueny nenoaia iaoe?iiaeueiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ae?yeueiino?
oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? ia ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae.

Iniiaiith i?aai?caoe?eiith oi?iith iaoe?iiaeueieo i?aai?a ?aaoethaaiiy
ae?yeueiino?, ca?aeii c /eiiei caeiiiaeaanoaii Oe?a?ie, aenooiathoue
oeaio?aeuei? i?aaie aeeiiaa/i? aeaaee. Ca no/anieo aeiia ?o ooieoe??
i?eioeeiiai ci?iththoueny. ?iciiae?e ooieoe?e aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
? ainiiaea?nueeiai oi?aae?iiy aeeeoo? iaiao?aei?noue eiioeaio?aoe??
ae?yeueiino? i?e oi?ioaaii? oa ?ic?iaoe? oi?i ?aae?caoe?? oeeo
ooieoe?e, aaeaeaaoieo aeiiaai ?eieo. “Aaeeea cia/aiiy aeey i?iaaaeaiiy
?aoi?i iaoeia ae?iaeaiiy iiaiai noaoono

2

i?i?noa?noa, ui aeanoue ciiao ia?aianoe oeaio? aaae ?c caaaeaiue
oi?aae?iiy ia caaaeaiiy aecia/aiiy caaaeueii? no?aoaa?? ? eii?aeeiaoe??
?ia?o ae?iaie/eo aaeocae. A?ae neeueieo i?i?noa?noa iaiao?aeii ia?aeoe
aei neeueieo, eiieo?aioini?iiiaeieo i?aei?e?inoa” 1)

Ia i?aenoaa? oe??? eiioeaioe?? nueiaiaei? a aa?ai?aei?e?inoaao ?
ia’?aeiaieo aa?acaaiiao (IAC) eaea i?ioean ?iciiae?eaiiy ia iacaeaaei?
naiino?ei? ainiiaea?thth/? noa’?eoe (IAC — oeiiaa i?aei?e?inoai
oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? N?N?, i?aai?caoe?eii-ae?iaie/a no?oeoo?a yeiai
aeeth/aea e aa?iii?oiaee, e eueioii-oaoi?/iee eiiieaene). O?aaa
cacia/eoe, ui oeae i?ioean ii/aany aeaui noeo?eii, oeyoii
eiiaiaeii-aaei?i?no?aoeaieo ae?e, aac o?aooaaiiy iayaieo /eiiee?a. ?eiie
aeeeoo? nai? aeiiae, iiieo ii?iaeaeo? i?iiiceoe??, aea oeea?eueia
aa?aoe?y — oea aaeocue, ae?yeuei?noue yei? aeiaaa? aeio?eiaiiy noai?eo
i?aaee uiaei caaacia/aiiy iaiao?aeieo ??ai?a aaciaee iieueio?a,
aa?aoe?eii? oa aeieia?/ii? aaciaee. I?ioean oi?ioaaiiy oa
ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? ?aaoeth?oueny /a?ac
i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaa caaacia/aiiy i?ioean?a noai?aiiy aeaiaio?a oe???
nenoaie.

A oiiaao oeaio?ae?ciaaii? aaei?i?no?aoeaii-eiiaiaeii? nenoaie ieoaiiyi
oi?aae?iiy aoee i?enay/ai? iaoeia? ?iaioe oaeeo aaoi??a: A.?.Oa?aoea,
Ae.I.Aa?o?ai?, A.N.Iini?eiaa, A.A.Aaaiaaayia, ?.A.???eiaa, A.O.Iiiiaa,
A.C.I?eueia?a, E.?.?aaiea, A.A.Neaceiaa?a, I.I.Ia?oeiaiea oa ?i. Ci?no
oeeo aeine?aeaeaiue aoa coiiaeaiee oa?aeoa?ii ooieoe?iioth/i? ia oie /an
nenoaie. Aea a oiiaao ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei iaoai?ci ?aaoethaaiiy
ae?yeueiino? oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? oa oi?aae?iiy ainiiaea?nueeith
ae?yeuei?noth i?aei?e?inoa aaeoc?, aacoiiaii, i?aeeyaa? ci?iai c
o?aooaaiiyi aeiia /ano.

Aaoi? aeoiaeeoue c oiai, ui ieoaiiy ?aaoethaaiiy oa oi?aae?iiy
ae?yeuei?noth aaeoc? aeooaeuei? aeey aoaeue-yei? aea?aeaae, aea ae?thoue
caeiie ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei. A?aoiaoth/e oea, a iniiao aeine?aeaeaiiy
iieeaaeai?, e??i i?aoeue iacaaieo aeua aaoi??a, ?iaioe ca?oa?aeieo
aeiiii?no?a: O.O.Ii??ena, I.Ae.Iana?iae/a, Ae.Iaei, ?.Oaeaoa?a,
I.O.Ianeiia, I.Aeueaa?oa, O.Oaaeio?e oa ?ioeo.

Nueiaiaei? a Oe?a?i? aaea ? oe?ea ieayaea aaoi??a, ye? i?enay/othoue
nai? ?iaioe ae??oaiith ieoaiue i?aai?caoe?? oa oi?aae?iiy a aea?aeaaieo
onoaiiaao: A.A.Aaa?’yiia, A.A.Aoai/oe, N.Ae.Aeoaaiei, ?.A.Eaethaeiee,
I.I.Ie?iiaiei, I.?.Ieaeiee, A.A.Oea?oeia, TH.I.Oea?oia, Ae.sseiae?a oa
?i.

Iaoiaee/i? oa oai?aoe/i? aniaeoe aeiiii?ee, i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy
oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? eieeoiueiai ?aaeyinueeiai Nithco aena?oeai? o
?iaioao ?.N.Aieoa?aa, A.A.Aoaianue?aa, A.A.I??ioieeiaa, A.A.Eeneiaa,
A.A.Eoeeea, TH.O.Eoea?aa, A.A.Eiae, A.A.?iae/aiea, I.I.Ai?ii?ia,
A.O.?eaa?ia, I.I.Noaio?ia, A.I.Oaiae?eea oa ?i.

1) Aea?aeaaia oi?aae?iiy a Oe?a?i?: oeaio?ae?caoe?y ?
aeaoeaio?ae?caoe?y: Iiiia?ao?y/eie.aao.; A?aeiia.?aae. — i?io.
I.?.Ieaeiee. — E.:OAAeO i?e I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie, 1997. — N.75-76.

3

Aniaeoe aeayeeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo, ia aeaeue, ia a?aeiia?aeathoue
aeiiii?/iei, iie?oe/iei oa ?aeaieia?/iei caaaeaiiyi
aea?aeaaii-oi?aae?inueeeo ?aoi?i a Oe?a?i?.

Oea na?ae/eoue, ui oai?aoe/i?, iaoiaeieia?/i? ? iaoiaee/i? aniaeoe
iio?aaothoue a?eueo ??oioiaiiai ?icaeyaeo c iaoith aeeaieiai aea/aiiy oa
iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo i?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy oeea?eueii?
aa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie. A?aoiaoth/e niaoeeo?eo aaeoc? oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??
“aea?aeaaa ia? ianoe a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca caaacia/aiiy aeinoaoiueiai
??aiy aaciaee (aa?aoe?eii? oa iieueio?a), a oaeiae i?iaaaeaiiy caoiae?a
uiaei ioi?iie aeiae?eey”2)

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ae??oaiith i?iaeaie oaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy
oeea?eueiith aa?aoe??th Oe?a?ie, cie?aia: ieoaiiyi i?aai?caoe?? oa
oi?aae?iiy a aea?aeaaieo onoaiiaao aaeoc? a oiiaao noaiiaeaiiy ?eieiaeo
a?aeiinei a Oe?a?i?, noai?aiith iaoai?cio oi?ioaaiiy a?aeiia?aeii?
ii?iaoeaii? aace, ui ?aaoeth? ?? ae?yeuei?noue.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie

?iaioa aeeiioaaeany a ?aieao Eiiieaenii? aaeocaai? i?ia?aie ?icaeoeo
oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie oa ieai?a iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o,
cie?aia ieoaiue i?iaeooaaiiy i?aai?caoe?eieo no?oeoo? i?aai?a
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy, i?aei?e?inoa oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? oa
iaoiaee/ieo i?aeoiae?a noai?aiiy nenoaie ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeo aeo?a, ui
?aaoeththoue ae?yeuei?noue oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?enithaaeiny ca?aeii c Eiiieaeniei iaoeiaei
i?iaeoii Aeaaeai?? aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy i?e I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie
“Aea?aeaaia oi?aae?iiy oa i?noeaaa naiia?yaeoaaiiy ii oai?: “Aeeiiaa/a
aeaaea: i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaia? aniaeoe oi?ioaaiiy ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy”.

Ia’?eoii aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ae?th/? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy oa
aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ae?yeueiino? oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? a
e?a?iao-/eaiao ?EAI.

Iaoa i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy — iaoeiaa ia??oiooaaiiy oa ?ic?iaea
i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e canoinoaaiiy ?aeeieo iaoiaee/ieo canaae
?ic?iaee i?aai?caoe?eieo no?oeoo? ia’?eo?a oi?aae?iiy a aaeoc?
oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie.

A?aeiia?aeii aei iaoe aecia/ai? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy:

i?iaiae?coaaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaiaoeee oi?ioaaiiy oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy
nenoaie oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie ca no/anieo aeiia;

ia??oiooaaoe aeioe?euei?noue oa aecia/eoe aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy
?aeeiiai i?aeoiaeo i?e i?iaeooaaii? i?aai?caoe?eieo no?oeoo? ia’?eo?a
oi?aae?iiy;

iaoeiai ia??oiooaaoe oa ?ic?iaeoe iiaeaeue i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e
ia’?eoo oi?aae?iiy;

_________________________

2) ?oeiaiaenoai ii ?aaoee?iaaieth iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai aicaeooiiai
o?ainii?oa Doc. 9626 INAO

4

nenoaiaoecoaaoe i?ioeane ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy aaeoc?;

?ic?iaeoe ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei i?iaeooaaiiy i?aai?caoe?eieo no?oeoo?
oi?aae?iiy aaeoccth oa i?aei?e?inoaii o ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae;

ia??oiooaaoe ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei ii?yaeeo ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??
i?aei?e?inoa oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie;

?ic?iaeoe i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei noai?aiiy ? aeei?enoaiiy
ii?iaoeaii? aace, ui ?aaoeth? ae?yeuei?noue ye aaeoc? a oe?eiio, oae ?
aa?iii?oo, ye iaeiiai ?c noa’?eo?a aa?aoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?e ae??oaii? iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue aoee
aeei?enoai? oae? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye: ii?iaoeaiee, ia?aiao?e/iee,
i?aai?caoe?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy, aei/iee, aenia?oii-aiae?oe/iee, iaoiae
aiaeia?e oa ?io?. Oi?ioaaiiy iaoiaee/iiai aia?aoo ?icaeyaeaeiny ye iaeei
c iaeaaaeeea?oeo aoai?a ?iaioe oiio, ui a?ae iueiai caeaaeeoue nooi?iue
oni?oo a aeinyaiaii? iinoaaeaii? iaoe oa ae??oaiiy caaaeaiue.
Iaoiaee/iee aia?ao aeine?aeaeaiiy eiino?othaaany aeoiaey/e c oaeeo
iniiaieo i?eioeei?a: a?aeia?aaeaiiy an??? ??ciiiai?oiino? ae?yeueiino?
oa ??cii??aiaaino?; caaacia/aiiy aaeaeaaoiino?, iiaiioe oa iaae?eiino?;
iiaeeea?noue ?ioaa?aoe?? ie?aieo aeie?a a a?eueo?. E?eoa??yie ioe?iee
iaoiaee/iiai aia?aoo aenooiaee: aaeaeaaoi?noue iaoiae?a caaaeaiiyi;
a?aeiia?aei?noue iaoiae?a niaoe?ae?caoe?? ia’?eoo oa caaacia/aiiy
iane??ciiai oa?aeoa?o iiaeaethaaiiy.

A?iioaca aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ie aeoiaeeee c i?eiouaiiy, ui aaeineiiaeaiiy
oi?aae?iiy oeea?eueiith aa?aoe??th Oe?a?ie oeyoii canoinoaaiiy ?aeeieo
iaoiaee/ieo canaae c ?ic?iaee i?aai?caoe?eieo no?oeoo? ia’?eo?a
oi?aae?iiy ? iaei??th c aaaeeeaeo neeaaeiaeo caaacia/aiiy ?icaeoeo
aaeoc? ia iniia? i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy oa
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy ae?yeueiino? oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? o
a?aeiia?aeiino? c oa?aeoa?ii ? noooth ?icaeoeo no/anieo noni?eueieo
a?aeiinei, ui neeaeeny a Oe?a?i?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a:

iaoeiaiio ia??oiooaaii? i??i?eoaoiino? aeei?enoaiiy aei/ii-oe?eueiaiai
iaoiaeo i?e i?iaeooaaii? i?aai?caoe?eieo no?oeoo? oi?aae?iiy aeey
iaaeaiiy ?i oi?aa?naeueiino?, aio/eino?, aeniei? aaeaioeaiino? aei ci?i
ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua a oiiaao ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo;

?ic?iaeaia iiaeaeue i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e ia’?eoo oi?aae?iiy a
oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie ia no/aniiio aoai?;

ia??oiooaaii? oa ?icaeoeo iaoai?cio oi?ioaaiiy no/anii? ii?iaoeaii? aace
aaeoc? ye iaa?ae’?iii? /anoeie i?ioeano oi?aae?iiy;

?ic?iaeaii? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aeayeeo aniaeo?a oi?ioaaiiy oa
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ie?aieo aeaiaio?a nenoaie oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a, iieyaa? a oiio, ui,
ii-ia?oa, aeniiaee oa iieiaeaiiy, noi?ioeueiaai? a aeena?oaoe?ei?e
?iaio?, i?aeaeuothoue ??aaiue iaoeiaeo ciaiue o aaeocaaiio oi?aae?ii?,
ni?eythoue

5

aeei?enoaiith a oiae? aaei?i?no?aoeaii? ?aoi?ie aeayeeo iieiaeaiue
no/anii? oai??? oi?aae?iiy, a ii-ae?oaa, aeniiaee ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoeny ye o i?aeoe/i?e ae?yeueiino? a ?aeei?e
o?ainii?oi?e nenoai? Oe?a?ie, oae ? a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean?,
i???ioiaaiiio ia i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe oa eaae?iaiai
caaacia/aiiy oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??.

Ia iniia? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy ia??oioiaaii:

iaoai?ci i?iaeooaaiiy i?aai?caoe?eieo no?oeoo? oi?aae?iiy ia ??ai?
ae?iaie/i? noa?e aaeoc? (i?aei?e?inoa oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??);

iaoai?ci oi?ioaaiiy no?oeoo?e ii?iaoeaii? aace, ui ?aaoeth?
ae?yeuei?noue aaeoc? oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? oa ?? ae?iaie/i? noa?e;

iai?yie aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?eieo no?oeoo? aea?aeaaieo onoaiia
(i?aai?a aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy).

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaoe?y ? cae?i/aiith iaoeiaith
i?aoeath. Iaoeiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?enithaaeinue aaoi?ii naiino?eii. O
aeena?oaoe?? ia aeei?enoiaoaaeenue ?aea? oa ?ic?iaee, ui iaeaaeaoue
ni?aaaoi?ai N.O.Eoe’yiiao, A.A.Iaeneiiao, A.I.Iiaae ,A.A.?iae/aieo.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe
aeiiia?aeaeeny oa ciaeoee noaaeaiiy ia 4-o aaeocaaeo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo: 2 — a Ee?anueeiio i?aeia?iaeiiio oi?aa?neoao? oeea?eueii?
aa?aoe?? (Ee?a, 1995 — 1996 ?ieao), 1 — a Oe?a?inueeiio ?inoeooo?
eiiieaenieo o?ainii?oieo i?iaeai (Ee?a, 1997 ??e) ? 1 i?aeia?iaeii? — a
Oe?a?inuee?e Aeaaeai?? aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy i?e I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie
(Ee?a, 1999 ??e).

?yae ieoaiue, ui noaee i?aaeiaoii aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aaoi?, ye ia/aeueiee a?aeae?eo aa?aoe?eiiai ii?iaoeaiiai caaacia/aiiy,
aa?aoe?eieo i?aaee ? noaiaea?o?a Aea?aeaaii? aa?aoe?eii? aaei?i?no?aoe??
?aae?coaaa o i?ioean? nai?? ?iaioe.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aoei iioae?eiaaii
iaeeiaaeoeyoue iaoeiaeo i?aoeue: iaoeiaeo noaoae — 5, a?ioo?e — 2, oace
iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e — 4.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo iniiaii? e?oa?aoo?e.

Caaaeueiee ianya neeaaea? 179 noi?., aeeth/ath/e 22 ?enoiie, ui
caeiathoue 20 noi?., 9 oaaeeoeue, nienie iniiaii? e?oa?aoo?e ?c 102
aeaea?aea ia 10 noi?.

INIIAIEE Ci?no

O anooi? ia??oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue aea?aii? oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy,
noi?ioeueiaaii eiai iaoo, caaaeaiiy, aecia/aii iaoiaeeeo aeine?aeaeaiiy,
?ice?eoi iaoeiao iiaecio, i?aeoe/io cia/ou?noue io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a
oa ?o ai?iaaoe??.

6

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Oai?aoe/i? oa i?aeoe/i? ia?aaeoiiae ?icaeoeo nenoaie
oi?aae?iiy oeea?eueiith aa?aoe??th” aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe i?iaaaeaii
iaeyae ?noi??? oa eia?ee ?icaeoeo oi?aae?inueei? aeoiee, ui a naith
/a?ao iaaea? ciiao yeiaeaeeaoa ?ice?eoe oa c?icoi?oe no/aniee noai
oi?aae?inueeeo ciaiue oa i?aeoeee oi?aae?iiy. Ia no/aniiio aoai?
?icaeoeo a aea?aeaa? noai?aia oe?e?nia i?ia?aia nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai
?icaeoeo, ui caaacia/o? iaiao?aeiee iaoai?ci ainiiaea?thaaiiy.
Iaeaaaeeea?oei caaaeaiiyi i?e ?aae?caoe?? oe??? i?ia?aie ? oi?ioaaiiy
nenoaie aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy ainiiaea?/ei eiiieaenii, neeaaeiaith
yei? ? oeea?eueia aa?aoe?y Oe?a?ie.

Ae??oaiiy i?iaeai, ui noiyoue ia?aae aaeoccth oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??
Oe?a?ie, ?? ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y, iaiiaeeea? aac ?aoaeueiiai aiae?co
no/aniiai noaio oai??? oi?aae?iiy. C oe??th iaoith aoei i?iaaaeaii
aeine?aeaeaiiy caaaeueieo caeiiii??iinoae i?ioean?a oi?aae?iiy, ui
neeaaeathoue nooue oai??? oi?aae?iiy ye c iiaeyaeo iaoee caaaeueii?
oai??? nenoai, oae ? iaoee oi?aae?iiy.

Iaeyae ?icaeoeo oa no/aniiai noaio aeayeeo aniaeo?a oai??? oi?aae?iiy
aeicaiey? noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui iaiao?aeiee ?acoeueoao i?ioeano oi?aae?iiy
iiaea aooe aeinyaiooi ca oiiae iayaiino? a?aeiia?aeii? i?aai?caoe?eii?
no?oeoo?e ia’?eoo oi?aae?iiy. Aecia/aia i?iaeaiaoeea oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie
oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie c iaeyaeo ia no/ani? aeiiae, ui
aenoaathoueny ia?aae aaeoccth oa ae?iaie/ith noa?ith oeea?eueii?
aa?aoe??. ?icaeyaea?oueny ieioea oa nueiaiaeaiiy oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??
Oe?a?ie.

O ?icae?e? aecia/aii oa i?iaiae?ciaaii iaoiaee i?aai?caoe?eiiai
i?iaeooaaiiy. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie i?iaaaeaiiai a ?iaio? aiae?co
i?iaeooaaiiy i?aai?caoe?eieo no?oeoo? i?iiiio?oueny iiae?eeoe iaoiaee
ca ?o ci?noii ia aea? a?oie. A iniiao ia?oi? a?oie iieeaaeaii
caeaaei?noue ooieoe?? (aea?? iaoiaeo oi?aae?iiy), ui ? ?acoeueooth/ith,
a?ae aaciaeo iioie?a ?ioi?iaoe??. O ae?oa?e a?oi? iniiaith ?
caeaaei?noue ooieoe?? (aea?? iaoiaeo oi?aae?iiy), ui ? ?acoeueooth/ith,
a?ae a?aei?aoeueiaaiiai oeio iiaeae?, ui canoiniao?oueny. Ia i?aenoaa?
oe??? eeaneo?eaoe?? iiaoaeiaaii iaoiaee/iee aia?ao aeine?aeaeaiiy.
Aecia/aii e?eoa??? ioe?iee iaoiae?a i?aai?caoe?eiiai i?iaeooaaiiy, oa ?c
canoinoaaiiyi iaoiaee/iiai aia?aoo ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
i?e i?iaeooaaii? i?aai?caoe?eieo no?oeoo? ia’?eo?a oi?aae?iiy.

Eia?ea ?ice?eooy noo? i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??
iieyaa? a aecia/ai? eaoaai??e aeaiaio?a, ui neeaaeathoue oeth nenoaio.
Aei oaei? nenoaie aoiaeyoue aeaa iniiaieo eiiiiiaioe: iaoa??aeueia
no?oeoo?a oa “no?oeoo?a ?aeae” 2).

Iaoa??aeueia no?oeoo?a neeaaea?oueny c i?aai?caoe?eii? eaiee nenoaie
oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??. Any oey iaoa??aeueia no?oeoo?a ooieoe?iio? a
caeiiiaeaa/iio oa ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiio iie? e?a?ie, ooai?thth/e, oae
caaio, “no?oeoo?a ?aea?”.

____________________________

2) ?oeiaiaenoai ii ?aaoee?iaaieth iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai aicaeooiiai
o?ainii?oa Doc. 9626 INAO

7

Oea caeiie oa ii?iaoeaii-i?aaia? aeoe, ui ?aaoeththoue ae?yeuei?noue
oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??. Iiaoaeiaai? ca iaaiei iaoai?ciii, oe?
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaia? aeoe neeaaeathoue ii?iaoeaio aaco oeea?eueii?
aa?aoe??, yea a naith /a?ao aenooia? caeiiiaeaa/ith eaieith nenoaie
oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??.

I?aai?caoe?eia eaiea nenoaie oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? neeaaea?oueny c i?aaio
?aaoethaaiiy ae?yeueiino? oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? oa ae?iaie/i? noa?e, ui
naia e ? aaeoccth, yea cae?eniththoue aa?aoe?eio ae?yeuei?noue.

I?aaiii ?aaoethaaiiy ae?yeueiino? oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? iiaeooue
aenooiaoe o?yaeia? onoaiiae aai i?aai?caoe??, ia ye? iieeaaeaia
aaciina?aaeiy a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca ?aaoethaaiiy an?o aniaeo?a
ae?yeueiino? oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? ye oaoi?/ieo (aa?iiaa?aaoe?y,
iieueioe, ?iaeaia?ia caaacia/aiiy, aa?aoe?eia aaciaea oiui), oae ?
aeiiii?/ieo (iaiaaeaeiaio, ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ia iie?oeea oiui).

?en. 1.5 Noaia nenoaie oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie

8

Aei ooieoe?e oaeeo i?aai?a ?aaoethaaiiy ae?yeueiino? oeea?eueii?
aa?aoe?? iaeaaeaoue: ?ic?iaeaiiy aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee oa no?aoaa??
a?aeiinii oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??; ?ic?iaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueieo
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeo aeo?a aeey a?aeoai?aiiy aeiia, caeeaaeaieo a
eiaeeo?eaoe?eiiio caeii? (a Oe?a?i? oea Iia?o?yiee eiaeaen); iaaeaiiy
iina?ae/aiue ? aeicaie?a iaoe?iiaeueiei oa ?iicaiiei aa?aia?aa?cieeai;
iaaeaiiy aeicaie?a aa?aia?aa?cieeai ia ?iceeaae, oa?eoe oa ?i.;
eii?aeeiaoe?y iie?oeee ? i?aaee uiaei oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? c ?ioeie
o?yaeiaeie onoaiiaaie; cae?eniaiiy aeainoi?iii?o ? aaaaoinoi?iii?o
a?aeiioaiue a aaeoc? oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? oiui. Oe? oa ?io? ooieoe??
iiaeooue cae?enithaaoeny aeeeth/ii aea?aeaaiith onoaiiaith aai ie?ai?
iiaeooue aeaeaaoaaoeny th?eaee/iei iniaai, ui iathoue a?aeiia?aei?
iiaiiaaaeaiiy uiaei ieoaiue ?aaoethaaiiy: iaaeaiiy aeicaie?a, ?ic?iaea
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeo aeo?a oiui.

Aeayeeie (niaoe?aeueieie) ieoaiiyie iiaeooue caeiaoeny iaaa?aoe?ei?
o?yaeia? onoaiiae, aea oea oaae aoaea aeaiaio i?aai?caoe?eii? eaiee
nenoaie ieoiee, ?ii?a?aoe?eiee, o?iainiaee, aeieia?/iee eiio?ieue;
caaaeuei? nai?oa?i? ii?ie; iiiaeaoeoaaiiy; i?aeo?eiaiiy eiieo?aioe??
(aeeth/ath/e e caai?iio aeayeeo aeae?a ae?yeueiino?); ?icaeoie oo?ecio
oiui.

sse na?ae/aoue ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeai oaeineiiaeaiiy
oi?ioaaiiy oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??, ia?aae iath
iinoa? iaiao?aei?noue ae??oaiiy aeaio eeth/iaeo ieoaiue: i?aaa oa
iaia’ycee th?eaee/ieo in?a, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue ca ?aaoethaaiiy
ae?yeueiino? nenoaie oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? oa i?noea a ?io?ano?oeoo??
e?a?ie i?aaio ?aaoethaaiiy ae?yeueiino? oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??.

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiiy aiaeia?/ieo i?iaeai a e?a?iao — /eaiao
?EAI th?eaee/i? iniae, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue ca ?aaoethaaiiy ae?yeueiino?
nenoaie oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? iiaeooue io?eioaaoe ?ioi?iaoe?th a?ae:

o?yaeiaeo onoaiia, ye? caoe?eaaeai? a ?acoeueoaoao aeeiiaiiy ooieoe?e
?aaoethaaiiy. A ie?aieo aeiaaeeao aiie iiaeooue eiio?iethaaoe aai
aecia/aoe eiie?aoi? ae??. Aei ieo iiaeia a?aeianoe i?i?noa?noaa
caei?aeiiieo ni?aa, iai?iie, i?iieneiai? iie?oeee, oo?ecio oiui;

iaaa?aoe?eieo o?yaeiaeo onoaiia, ui iiaeooue aieeaaoe ia ?aaoethaaiiy
ae?yeueiino? oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??. Aei oaeeo iiaeia a?aeianoe ieoieoeth,
?ii?a?aoe?ei? neoaeae, ioi?iie caei?ia’y, iiaeaoeia? neoaeae,
aioeiiiiiieueiee eii?oao oiui;

caoe?eaaeaieo iao?yaeiaeo th?eaee/ieo in?a, ye? iiaeooue aieeiooe ia
i?eeiyooy ??oaiue, iia’ycaieo c i?ioeanii ?aaoethaaiiy. Oea oae?
th?eaee/i? iniae, ye aa?aeiiiai??, aa?iii?oe, ?io? i?aei?e?inoaa
oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??, a oaeiae aeaioiaethaa/? aa?aoe?eii? oaoi?ee.

E??i oeueiai ia i?ioean ?aaoethaaiiy aieeaa? ? caaaeueia iie?oeea ye
naii? aea?aeaae, oae ? ?ioeo aea?aeaa.

Ae?oaa ieoaiiy, ui aeieea? i?e ?icaeyae? aeaiaio?a nenoaie oeea?eueii?
aa?aoe?? — i?noea i?aaio ?aaoethaaiiy ae?yeueiino? oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??
a ?io?ano?oeoo?? e?a?ie. Aiae?c na?oiaiai aeina?aeo iieaco?, ui iniiaiei

9

e?eoa???i oeueiai ? aeiiaa aeeiiaiiy ooieoe?e, ui iieeaaeathoueny ia
ie?aiee i?aai ?aaoethaaiiy ae?yeueiino? oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? a iiaiiio
ianyc?. Oaeei i?aaiii iiaea aooe:

i?aai, iacaeaaeiee aai i?aeeiio?ieueiee ?io?e th?eaee/i?e inia?, yea
?aaoeth? oaoi?/i? ieoaiiy c aa?aoe??;

i?aai, ui ciaoiaeeoueny ie?aii aai ? no?oeoo?iei i?ae?icae?eii c
?aaoethaaiiy ae?yeueiino? oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??;

i?aai, yeee ? no?oeoo?iei i?ae?icae?eii i?i?noa?noaa;

aaoiiiiiee iiaiiaaaeiee i?aai c ?aaoethaaiiy ae?yeueiino? oeea?eueii?
aa?aoe??.

Ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue iiaeia cacia/eoe, ui a aaaaoueio
e?a?iao aeiiii?/ia ? oaoi?/ia ?aaoethaaiiy oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??
cae?enith?oueny ?aeeiith o?yaeiaith onoaiiaith.

Iie?oeeo ?aaoethaaiiy nenoaie oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? oi?io? oa i?iaiaeeoue
?EAI, a iaoai?ci ?aaoethaaiiy oa oi?aae?iiy cae?enith? iaoe?iiaeueiee
i?aai ?aaoethaaiiy ae?yeueiino? oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? a iaaeao i?aaiaiai
iiey nai?? aea?aeaae.

I?aeoe/ia ae??oaiiy i?iaeai i?aai?caoe?? ? oi?aae?iiy nenoaiith
oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? iaiiaeeeaa aac aea/aiiy aniaeo?a oai??? oi?aae?iiy.
A oiiaao ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo aeiiii?ee aei?a/ii canoiniaoaaoe
aei/ii-oe?eueiaee iaoiae i?e i?iaeooaaii? i?aai?caoe?eieo no?oeoo?
ia’?eo?a oi?aae?iiy.

Nueiaiaei? iaeiei c iniiaieo /eiiee?a, ui no?eiothoue ?icaeoie
oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie, ? iaaeinoaoi?noue a?aei?aoeueiaaii? noaie
iaoe?iiaeueiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ae?yeueiino? aaeoc? a oe?eiio, oa ie?aieo
?? neeaaeiaeo: i?aai?caoe?eieo no?oeoo? oi?aae?iiy aaeoccth ?
i?aei?e?inoaaie, no?oeoo?e ii?iaoeaii? aace, ui ?aaoeth? ae?yeuei?noue
oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea oi?aae?iiy oeea?eueiith
aa?aoe??th” cacia/a?oueny, ui iaeiei ?c aieiaieo caaaeaiue ?icaoaeiae
no/anii? oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae ? ?aaeeeaeuei? ci?ie a iaaoaeoeai?e
nenoai? aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy, neeaaeiaith yei? ? aaeocaaa oi?aae?iiy.
Iniaeeaa eiai cia/aiiy a noaa?aii?e aea?aeaa? iaaoaa? oeea?eueia
aa?aoe?y, aea iiaeii? ii?aeioaaoeny iaoe?iiaeuei? oa i?aeia?iaei?
?ioa?ane.

?icaeyiooi i?aai?caoe?ei? no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy oeea?eueiith aa?aoe??th
NOA, I?ia//eie, O?aioe??. A aeine?aeaeaii? iniaeeao oaaao i?eae?eaii
aea/aiith aeina?aeo e?a?i, noai?aieo i?ney ?iciaaeo N?N?.

?noi?e/ia ni?euei?noue iie?oe/ieo oa aeiiii?/ieo i?iaeai, a oaeiae
caaaeueia aeecuee?noue aaciaeo no?oeoo? oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? ?in?? oa
oaoi?/iiai iniauaiiy aaeoc?, coiiaeththoue ?ioa?an aei aeaiaio?a nenoaie
oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? ?in??, cie?aia — i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e
oi?aae?iiy i?aaio ?aaoethaaiiy ae?yeueiino?. Aeine?aeaeaiiy nenoaie
i?aai?a oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? aeicaiey? iai/ii i?iaeaiiino?oaaoe —
ooieoe?? ia?aeii?, a no?oeoo?e i?aai?a — aoi?eii?, aea ana

10

oea aca?iiaeiiiaithth/? eiiiiiaioe nenoaie, ui ia iiaea ooieoe?iioaaoe
aac aoaeue-yeiai c ieo.

I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c i?aai?caoe?eieo no?oeoo? i?aeoaa?aeea, ui aeey
aeinyaiaiiy aoaeoeaii? ae?yeueiino? ye aaeoc? a oe?eiio, oae ??
ae?iaie/i? noa?e, iaiao?aeii ?o eiiieaenia oi?aae?iiy ? ?aaoethaaiiy.
Aeey cae?eniaiiy oeueiai i?ioeano o?aaa cai?iaeooaaoe a?aeiia?aeio
no?oeoo?o, a oaeiae iaoe i?aaiaa iiea, a yeiio ooieoe?iioaaoeiooue
aaeocue oa ?? i?aei?e?inoaa.

O ?icae?e? ?icaeyaeathoueny, e??i na?oiaiai aeina?aeo ae?yeueiino?
oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??th, iniaeeaino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy oe??? aaeoc? Oe?a?ie
a ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae.

Eiee 1 a?oaeiy 1991 ?ieo a Oe?a?i? a?aeaoany ?aoa?aiaeoi i?i
iacaeaaei?noue, a 24 na?iiy 1991 ?ieo Aa?oiaia ?aaea ?anioae?ee noaaeeea
Aeo i?i iacaeaaei?noue Oe?a?ie, noaei i/aaeaeii, ui a aea?aeaa?
i?aeoe/ii ia ?nio? iaoe?iiaeueieo ?inoeooo?a aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?
oi?aae?iiy, o oiio /ene? e a oeea?euei?e aa?aoe??, ye? a a?aeiia?aeaee
iaeaaeiei /eiii eo?no ?icaeoeo ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa oa aeiiii?ee.
Ia?aae aaeoccth iianoaea iaiao?aei?noue noai?aiiy canaae nenoaie
?aaoethaaiiy ? oi?aae?iiy, ae?iaeaiiy iie?oeee a ?icaeoeo oeea?eueii?
aa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie. O ?iaio? i?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy c iaoith ?icaeyaeo
aniaeo?a ?io?ano?oeoo?e aaeoc?, aioo??oi?o aca?iia?aeiioaiue,
aeeiai?/iiai ?icaeoeo an?o iniiaieo aeaiaio?a. Iniiaia iaoa Oe?a?ie a
noa?? oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? – caaacia/eoe ianaeaiiy aa?aoe?eieie
ia?aaacaiiyie, ?iaioaie oa iineoaaie c na?oiaei ??aiai noaiaea?o?a
aa?aoe?eii? aaciaee ? aaciaee iieueio?a, ui caaacia/eoue iiaeeea?noue
aeei?enoaiiy iia?o?yiiai i?inoi?o Oe?a?ie oa oaoi?/ii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e.
Aaeaioaoe?y iiai? no?oeoo?e ?aaoethaaiiy ? oi?aae?iiy oeea?eueiith
aa?aoe??th aei no/anieo aeiia, ?? oaeineiiaeaiiy ? iaeiei c
iaeaaaeeea?oeo ? aeooaeuei?oeo caaaeaiue aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee aea?aeaae
a ia??iae ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei. Aeiiae aei oi?aae?iiy
oeea?eueiith aa?aoe??th aeieeaathoue, a ia?oo /a?ao, ?c iino?eieo ci?i
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oiia ?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa. I?aai?caoe?eia
no?oeoo?a oi?aae?iiy iiaeiia a?aeia?aaeaoe ? a?aoiaoaaoe an? ci?ie, ui
a?aeaoaathoueny a iie?oeoe? aea?aeaae c i?i?iaeueieie iaoa??aeueieie,
/aniaeie aeo?aoaie. ?aoi?ioaaoeny c iaoith aeinyaiaiiy iaeneiaeueii?
aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino? oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie.

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie i?iaaaeaiiai ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co ooieoe?iioaaiiy
oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie oa aa?aoe?eieo aea?aeaa na?oo anoaiiaeaii,
ui a iao?e aea?aeaa?, ii?yae ?c caaaeueieie i?iaeaiaie, ui noiyoue
ia?aae oeea?eueiith aa?aoe??th, iathoue i?noea nai? niaoeeo?/i? oiiae,
ye? iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe i?e oi?ioaaii? oa ooieoe?iioaaii? nenoaie
oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??. Ia i?aai ?aaoethaaiiy ae?yeueiino? oeea?eueii?
aa?aoe?? iieeaaeathoueny aeiaeaoeia? ooieoe??, ui a?aoiaothoue
ia?ao?aei? /eiieee, a naia: i?iaaaeaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii? iie?oeee,
?aaoethaaiiy i?ioean?a ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? ? ?icaea?aeaaeaiiy i?aei?e?inoa
oa

11

eiio?ieue ca aeei?enoaiiyi aea?aeaaiiai iaeia. Oae? /eiieee i?eoaiaii?
ia?iaeiiio ainiiaea?noao a oe?eiio ? a aaeoc? oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??,
cie?aia.

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeai, ui noiyoue ia?aae oeea?eueiith aa?aoe??th
Oe?a?ie, coiiaeee iaiao?aei?noue ia??oiooaaiiy oeyo?a oaeineiiaeaiiy
oi?aae?iiy oeea?eueiith aa?aoe??th Oe?a?ie a oiiaao ia?ao?aeiiai
ia??iaeo. Aeey oiai, uia aaeocue iiaea aoaeoeaii aeeiioaaoe caaaeaiiy,
ui noiyoue ia?aae iath, iaiao?aeia ?ai?aai?caoe?y oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??,
oi?ioaaiiy ye?nii iiai? ?? nenoaie. Oeae i?ioean aeeth/a? a naaa, o
ia?oo /a?ao, ia?aaoaeiao i?aaio ?aaoethaaiiy ae?yeueiino? oeea?eueii?
aa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie, ?ai?aai?caoe?th ae?iaie/i? noa?e aaeoc?.

Caaacia/aiiy aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy iio?aao? oi?ioaaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo
i?aai?caoe?eieo no?oeoo? ?aaoethaaiiy ae?yeueiino? oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??
Oe?a?ie oa i?aei?e?inoa aaeoc?, a oaeiae noai?aiiy a?aeiia?aeii?
ii?iaoeaii? aace, ui neeaaeaoeia caeiiiaeaa/i-i?aaiaa iiea ??
ae?yeueiino?.

O ?icae?e? aeine?aeaeo?oueny ieoaiiy iniiaieo iai?yi?a ?icaeoeo aaeoc?,
?? ae?iaie/i? noa?e, cie?aia, aeioe?eueiino? aeae?eaiiy aa?iii?o?a, ye
naiino?eieo ainiiaea?thth/eo noa’?eo?a. Aa?iii?oe — oea iiaee aeey
oeea?eueii? Oe?a?ie aeae i?aei?e?inoa. I?ioean ?o ooai?aiiy
oneeaaeith?oueny ua e oiio, ui a iao?e aea?aeaa? a?i a?aeaoaa?oueny, a
iniiaiiio, ca oiia oi?ioaaiiy ia iiaeo i?aei?e?inoa, a oeyoii aeae?eaiiy
c ae?th/eo, ia coieiyth/e ?o ooieoe?iioaaiiy. I?e oeueiio ia iiaeiai
cieaeoaaoeny i? ??aaiue iaaeaiiy iineoa i?aei?e?inoaaie, i? ??aaiue
aaciaee. O oeueiio ae ?icae?e? aecia/aii i?aeo?ae aei i?ioeano
?icae?eaiiy ae?th/eo i?aei?e?inoa oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??.

Oaeei /eiii, aaoi? o ae?oaiio ?icae?e? aeiaiaeeoue, ui aeey aoaeoeaiiai
ooieoe?iioaaiiy aaeoc? oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie a oiiaao
ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo aeiiii?ee iaiao?aei? ia?aoai?aiiy, cae?eniaiiy
yeeo iiaeeeai oeyoii ae??oaiiy o?ueio iniiaieo i?iaeai: oaeineiiaeaiiy
no?oeoo?e i?aaio ?aaoethaaiiy ae?yeueiino? oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie;
i?iaaaeaiiy ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? ae?iaie/i? noa?e aaeoc? oa nenoaiaoecaoe??
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai iioieo, noai?aiiy ii?iaoeaii? aace oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??
Oe?a?ie. Ae??oaiiy cacia/aieo i?iaeai neeaaea?oueny ?c aca?iiiia’ycaieo
caaaeaiue, ye? iio??aii ae??ooaaoe a eiiieaen?.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “Oeea?eueia aa?aoe?y Oe?a?ie: oeyoe aaeineiiaeaiiy
aaeocaaiai oi?aae?iiy” iaoeiai ia??oioiaaii ? ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee/i?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ae??oaiiy i?iaeai oaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy oeea?eueiith
aa?aoe??th Oe?a?ie. Ia i?aenoaa? aei/ii-oe?eueiaiai iaoiaeo
cai?iiiiiaaia iiaeaeue i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e ia’?eoo oi?aae?iiy oa
?aeiiaiaeiaaii: i?aai?caoe?eio no?oeoo?o oi?aae?iiy aaeoccth,
i?aai?caoe?eio no?oeoo?o oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii (ia i?eeeaae?
aa?iii?oo), a oaeiae no?oeoo?a ii?iaoeaii? aace aaeoc? oa aa?iii?oo.

12

Ia i?aenoaa? iiaoaeiae oa aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeae? i?aai?caoe?eii?
no?oeoo?e ia’?eoo oi?aae?iiy ?ic?iaeai? oai?aoe/i? oa i?aeoe/i?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei i?ioeano ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? ye aaeoc? a oe?eiio, oae
? ?? ae?iaie/i? noa?e.

Canaaeith iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ? aei/ii-oe?eueiaee iaoiae, ca yeei
iiiaeeia caaaeaiue ia’?aeio?oueny a oe?oiiai? oe?eueia? aeiee. I?ae
oe?eueiaei aeieii ?icoi??oueny noeoii?noue no?oeoo?ieo i?ae?icae?e?a
ia?ai???ioiaaieo ia iia? oe?e? aai niaoe?aeueii noai?aieo. Aioo??oiy
no?oeoo?a oe?eueiaeo aeie?a ??oioo?oueny ia i?eioeeiao ?ioaa?aoe?? ?
eii?aeeiaoe?? ooieoe?e ??cieo no?oeoo?ieo i?ae?icae?e?a, yea caaacia/o?
aeeiiaiiy iniiaieo caaaeaiue.

Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai iieiaeaiiy, i?iiiiothoueny oae? aeiee ca iai?yiaie
ae?yeueiino? oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie, a naia: aeie ianeoaiaoaaiiy
iia?o?yiiai ?ooo; aeie eueioii? i?eaeaoiino? ? aaciaee iieueio?a; aeie
?iaeaia?ii-oaoi?/iiai ? iacaiiiai caaacia/aiiy; aeie aa?aoe?eii?
aaciaee; aeie aeiiii?/ieo ieoaiue (i?aeaeiee — aeiiii?/ii? oa oa?eoii?
iie?oeee ? ?aaoethaaiiy aeinooio aei ?eieo aa?aoe?eieo ia?aaacaiue,
?ia?o oa iineoa; aeie cae?eniaiiy i?aeia?iaeieo ca’yce?a; eiio?ieth ca
aoaeoeai?noth aeei?enoaiiy aea?aeaaiiai iaeia, ?aaoethaaiiy i?ioean?a
?icaea?aeaaeaiiy i?aei?e?inoa oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? oa i?iaaaeaiiy
?iaanoeoe?eii? iie?oeee); aeie ?icaeoeo aaeoc?.

Eeaneo?eaoe?y ca iai?yiaie ae?yeueiino? oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??, ?iciiae?e
ia ie?ai? aeiee, ? aeo?aeieie aeaieie aeey iiaoaeiae iiaeaeue, a ia ??
iniia? — i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e ia’?eoo oi?aae?iiy. I?iaeooaaiiy
iiaeae? ia’?eoo oi?aae?iiy a?aeaoaa?oueny iiaoaiii.

O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? iaaiaeeoueny aeie-noaia iiaeae? i?aai?caoe?eii?
no?oeoo?e ia’?eoo oi?aae?iiy, ?ic?iaeaii? ca cai?iiiiiaaieie
iaoiaee/ieie ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie. Ca?aeii c oe??th noaiith oi?ioaaiiy
i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e ia’?eoo oi?aae?iiy i?iaiaeyoue ca aoaiaie.

Ia ia?oiio aoai? aecia/athoueny iaiao?aei? oa?aeoa?enoeee ia’?eoo
oi?aae?iiy (th?eaee/iee noaoon, oi?ia aeaniino? ? o.?i.).

Ia ae?oaiio aoai? i?iaaaeeoueny aiae?c ae?th/eo i?ioeaaeo? ? oe?eae
oi?aae?iiy. Eiaeia caaaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy ae??oo?oueny aeey aeinyaiaiiy
eiie?aoii? oe?e? ? ni?yiiaaia ia a?aeiia?aeiee ia’?eo. Oaeoe/ii
i?ioeaaeo?e ? oe?e? oi?aae?iiy ia caeaaeaoue a?ae ia’?eoo oi?aae?iiy.

O?ao?e aoai. Aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaieo oe?eae iiaeeeai o?eueee i?e
aeeiiaii? a eiiieaen? ooieoe?e oi?aae?iiy: ieaioaaiiy, i?aai?caoe?y,
iioeaaoe?y oa eiio?ieue. ?aae?caoe?y ooieoe?e oi?aae?iiy a?aeaoaa?oueny
o a?aeiia?aeiino? ?c niaoeeo?eith ia’?eoo oi?aae?iiy, a ia ia
?ica?aeiinoyo o ci?no? /enaeueieo aeae?a oi?aae?inueei? ae?yeueiino?.
E?ioeaaei ?acoeueoaoii oeueiai aoaio i?iaeooaaiiy ? aecia/aiiy ia’?eoo
oi?aae?iiy.

Ia ianooiieo aoaiao nenoaiaoecothoueny iniiai? caaaeaiiy, ui ? iciaeith
eiie?aoiiai ia’?eoo oi?aae?iiy (aei aeaiaio?a nenoaie oeea?eueii?
aa?aoe?? aoiaeyoue aeaa iniiaieo eiiiiiaioe: iaoa??aeueia no?oeoo?a oa
“no?oeoo?a

13

?aeae”). Ca iniiaieie caaaeaiiyie eiie?aoiiai ia’?eoo oi?aae?iiy
aecia/athoueny aoaie cae?eniaiiy i?ioeaaeo? ? oe?eae oi?aae?iiy.

Oaeei /eiii, aecia/athoueny ooieoe??, aeeiiaiiy yeeo iieeaaea?oueny ia
eiie?aoiee ia’?eo oi?aae?iiy. Iio?i ooieoe?? ia’?aeiothoueny a oe?eueia?
aeiee (i?aeaeiee), aoaeothoueny ?o aioo??oi? no?oeoo?e, a oaeiae
aecia/athoueny ?oi? aca?iica’ycee — oi?io?oueny i?aai?caoe?eia no?oeoo?a
eiie?aoiiai ia’?eoo oi?aae?iiy.

sse ia’?eo oi?aae?iiy eiie?aoia i?aai?caoe?eia no?oeoo?a iiaeiia
aenooiaoe a?aee?eoith nenoaiith, ui i?enoiniao?oueny aei
aaaaoiaei??iino? ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua. Ia aeoieo aaoi?a, aeey
aoaeoeaiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy eiie?aoiiai ia’?eoo oi?aae?iiy iaiao?aeii
caaacia/eoe ?aae?caoe?th ci?i, ui a?aeaoaathoueny cciai? ia’?eoo
oi?aae?iiy.

Aeae? ca noaiith oi?ioaaiiy cae?enith?oueny aoai ei?eaoaaiiy aeo?aeieo
aeaieo i?ney aiae?co aioo??oi?o /eiiee?a ia’?eoo oi?aae?iiy. I?ney
aea/aiiy ciai?oi?o /eiiee?a iiaeeeai aianaiiy ci?i a i?aai?caoe?eio
no?oeoo?o, ui i?iaeoo?oueny, eiie?aoiiai ia’?eoo ye i?e eiai oi?ioaaii?,
oae ? a iiaeaeueoiio. O ?ac? ci?i ciai?oi?o oiia iiaeeea? ei?eaoaaiiy
i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy oa iiaeaeueoa aecia/aiiy ci?noo
aeie?a i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e ia’?eoo oi?aae?iiy. Ia ci?no oa
aioo??oith no?oeoo?o oeeo aeie?a aieeaathoue oe?e?, caaaeaiiy ? ooieoe??
eiie?aoiiai ia’?eoo oi?aae?iiy.

Aoai aeyaeaiiy aca?iica’yceo, a oaeiae ca’yceo c ?ioeie aeieaie. Ia
oeueiio aoai? cae?enith?oueny inoaoi/ia ei?eaoaaiiy eiie?aoii? no?oeoo?e
ia’?eoo oi?aae?iiy. Iayai?noue oeueiai aoaio aeicaiey? aiineoe
iaiao?aei? ci?ie a i?aai?caoe?ei? no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy, ye a o?, ui
oi?iothoueny, oae ? o o?, ui aaea ae?thoue (aac ia?a?eaaiiy
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ia’?eoo oi?aae?iiy).

Aeie-noaio iiaeae? i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e ia’?eoo oi?aae?iiy iiaeaii
ia ?en.3.5

Aaoi? cacia/a?, ui, ?icaeyaeath/e i?aai ?aaoethaaiiy ae?yeueiino?
oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie, i?aei?e?inoaa ?? ae?iaie/i? noa?e oa
ii?iaoeaio aaco aaeoc? ye ia’?eo oi?aae?iiy, iiaeeeaa canoinoaaiiy
?aeeiiai iaoiaeieia?/iiai i?aeoiaeo i?e i?iaeooaaii? i?aai?caoe?eii?
no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy eiaeiiai c oeeo ia’?eo?a. ?aeeiee iaoiaeieia?/iee
i?aeo?ae aeicaieea ?ic?iaeoe iiaeaeue i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e ia’?eoo
oi?aae?iiy.

?ic?iaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aeei?enoaiiy cacia/aii? iiaeae? i?e
i?iaeooaaii? i?aai?caoe?eieo no?oeoo? oi?aae?iiy, a oaeiae iaoai?ci
noai?aiiy ii?iaoeaii? aace, ui ?aaoeth? ae?yeuei?noue oeea?eueii?
aa?aoe??.

Ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co noaio ii?iaoeaii? aace aaeoc? oa
aeine?aeaeaiue ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeo aeo?a aecia/ai? iaiao?aei? iai?yie
?icaeoeo ? oeyoe noai?aiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? ii?iaoeaii? aace, ui ?aaoeth?
ae?yeuei?noue oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? a no/anieo oiiaao. Aia?oa ii?iaoeaio
aaco i?iiiio?oueny

14

?icaeyaeaoe ye ia’?eo oi?aae?iiy oa i?e ?? oi?ioaaii? canoiniaoaaoe
iiaeaeue i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e ia’?eoo oi?aae?iiy.

’’

’’

’’

O ?icae?e? iaaea?oueny i?eaeeciee ia?ae?e ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeo aeo?a, ui
aoiaeyoue aei ii?iaoeaii? aace aaeoc?, a oaeiae ia?ae?e
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeo aeo?a, ui ?aaoeththoue ae?yeuei?noue aa?iii?o?a —
naiino?eieo ainiiaea?thth/eo noa’?eo?a.

?en. 3.5. Aeie-noaia iiaeae? i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e ia’?eoo
oi?aae?iiy

15

Aeine?aeaeaii aca?iica’ycie ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeo aeo?a, ui ?aaoeththoue
ae?yeuei?noue oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie, oa no?oeoo?e aaeoc? ca
no/anieo oiia.

Aeiiaa aea?aeaae i?i iaiao?aei?noue ae?iaie/i-aaeocaaiai ?aaoethaaiiy c
oi?ioaaiiyi i?aai?caoe?eii-oi?aae?inueeeo no?oeoo? ??ciiai oeio ciaeoea
nai? ao?eaiiy i?e ?ai?aai?caoe?? aaeoc? oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie.
Oi?ioaaiiy oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie
caeaaeeoue a?ae eiiiiiaio?a, ui neeaaeathoue oeth nenoaio, ? aac
aoaeue-yeiai eiiiiiaioo aai i?e iaa?aeiia?aeiino? eiiiiiaioa no/aniei
aeiiaai nenoaia ia ciiaea i?aoethaaoe.

Aeinyaiaiiy iaoe ? caaaeaiue, ui noiyoue ia?aae aaeoccth oeea?eueii?
aa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie, iaiiaeeeaa aac ae??oaiiy i?iaeaiieo neooaoe?e o
eiiieaen?: aaeocue a oe?eiio, ?? ae?iaie/a noa?a — iaoa??aeueia
no?oeoo?a nenoaie oa ii?iaoeaia aaca — “no?oeoo?a ?aea?”.

Oaeei /eiii, o ?icae?e? iaaaaeaii i?eeeaaee i?aeoe/ii? ?aae?caoe??
iaoiaeeee c i?iaeooaaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e i?aaio ?aaoethaaiiy
ae?yeueiino? oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie, i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e
aa?iii?oo – naiino?eiiai noa’?eoo aa?aoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?. ?ic?iaeaii
oa iaaaaeaii iaoai?ci noai?aiiy ii?iaoeaii? aace oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??
Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae no?oeoo?a oe??? ii?iaoeaii? aace oa ia?ae?e iniiaieo
ii?iaoeaieo aeieoiaio?a, ui ?aaoeththoue ae?yeuei?noue aa?iii?oo.

AENIIAEE

1. Aeiei??ii? ci?ie a aea?aeaaii-oi?aae?inueeeo, nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo
oa ?ioeo a?aeiineiao coiiaeththoue iiaea?i?caoe?th oi?aae?iiy a aaeocyo
ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa. ?icaeoie aaeoc? oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? ia?
a?aeiia?aeaoe oa?aeoa?o ? noo? ?icaeoeo oeeo noni?eueieo a?aeiinei: a
no?oeoo?? aea?aeaaieo i?aai?a oi?aae?iiy ia? aooe noai?aii aaeeeee
i?aai?caoe?eiee aeie ae?iaie/i-aaeocaaiai ?aaoethaaiiy, o ?aieao yeiai
iiaea oi?ioaaoeny i?aai?caoe?ei? no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy ??ciiai oeio.

2. Aeeiiaiiy caaaeaiue, ui noiyoue ia?aae oeea?eueiith aa?aoe??th
Oe?a?ie ia no/aniiio aoai?, iaiiaeeeai aac ?icaeyaeo aaeoc? ye nenoaie.
I?e oeueiio eiiiiiaioaie oaei? nenoaie ?: iaoa??aeueia no?oeoo?a —
i?aai?caoe?eia eaiea nenoaie oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??, ui neeaaea?oueny c
i?aaio ?aaoethaaiiy ae?yeueiino? oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? oa ae?iaie/i?
noa?e, oiaoi i?aei?e?inoa aaeoc?, a oaeiae, oae caaia, “no?oeoo?a ?aea?”
— oea caeiie oa ii?iaoeaii-i?aaia? aeoe, ui ?aaoeththoue ae?yeuei?noue
oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??. Noi?iiaai? ca iaaiei iaoai?ciii, oe?
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaia? aeoe neeaaeathoue ii?iaoeaio aaco oeea?eueii?
aa?aoe??, ui a naith /a?ao aenooia? caeiiiaeaa/ith eaieith nenoaie
oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??.

3. Noai ?icaeoeo oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie aeiaaa? cai?iaaaeaeaiiy
iaoeiai ia??oioiaaieo caoiae?a uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy aaeoc?

16

oeyoii ?ic?iaee ?aeeieo iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei i?iaeooaaiiy
i?aai?caoe?eieo no?oeoo? oi?aae?iiy a oeea?euei?e aa?aoe??.

4. Iaaaeueiith iio?aaith nueiaiaeaiiy ? ?ic?iaeaiiy iiaeae? i?iaeooaaiiy
i?aai?caoe?eieo no?oeoo? ia’?eo?a oi?aae?iiy, ui caaacia/eoue noai?aiiy
a oeea?euei?e aa?aoe?? aio/eeo, eiieo?aioiini?iiiaeieo i?aai?caoe?eieo
no?oeoo? oi?aae?iiy, aaeaeaaoieo aeiiaai ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo.

5. ?ica’ycaiiy i?iaeai aaeocaaiai oi?aae?iiy iaiiaeeeai aac
aeine?aeaeaiiy ae?yeueiino? ae?th/eo i?aai?caoe?eieo no?oeoo? i?aai?a
aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ? oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoa e?a?i-/eai?a
I?aeia?iaeii? i?aai?caoe?? oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? (?EAI). Aiae?c
na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui iaeiei ?c no?eioth/eo /eiiee?a ?icaeoeo
oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? a Oe?a?i? ? a?aenooi?noue noaa?eueii? nenoaie
iaoe?iiaeueiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ae?yeueiino? oe??? aaeoc?.

6. Oni?o ia an?o iai?yiao ae?yeueiino? oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? oe?eeii
caeaaeeoue a?ae nenoaiaoecaoe?? i?ioean?a ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy
aaeoc?. Aeey ii?iaoeaiiai caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? aaeoc? iaiao?aeii
noi?ioaaoe ii?iaoeaio aaco, yeo neeaaeaoeiooue ii?iaoeaii-i?aaia? aeoe,
ui ?aaoethaaoeiooue ae?yeuei?noue oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??. Iaoai?ci
oi?ioaaiiy no?oeoo?e ii?iaoeaii? aace iiaea aooe aiaeia?/iei, ye ? i?e
oi?ioaaii? i?aai?caoe?eieo no?oeoo? ia’?eo?a oi?aae?iiy a aaeoc?, aeey
/iai naio ii?iaoeaio aaco iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye ia’?eo oi?aae?iiy.

7. ?ic?iaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? a?aeiinii iaoeiaiai ? i?aeoe/iiai
aeei?enoaiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a, a oaeiae ?o aiae?c iaaea?
iiaeeea?noue aeey iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo oa aaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy
oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO AAOI?II I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Oi?iiainueea I.A. Oeea?eueia aa?aoe?y Oe?a?ie: no?oeoo?i?
ia?aoai?aiiy ae?iaie/i? noa?e (ia i?eeeaae? aa?iii?oo). — E.: AOe
“Aa?iOia?”,1999. — 23 n.

2. Oi?iiainueea I.A. Oeyoe ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiai caaacia/aiiy oeea?eueii?
aa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie. — E.: AOe “Aa?iOia?”,1999. — 24 n.

3. Oi?iiainueea I.A. Ieoaiiy aca?iic’ayceo ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeo aeo?a, ui
?aaoeththoue ae?yeuei?noue oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie, oa no?oeoo?e
aaeoc? ca no/anieo oiia // A?niee OAAeO i?e I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie. —
1999. — ?1. — N.68-71.

4. Eoeueyiia N.O., ?iae/aiei A.A., Oi?iiaineay I.A. Oi?ie?iaaiea
ii?iaoeaiie aacu aeayoaeueiinoe ay?iii?oia Oe?aeiu //Ca?oia
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia eiioa?aioe?y iaoeiaeo eieaeoea?a oi?aa?neoaoo ca 1994
??e. — E.:Ee?anueeee i?aeia?iaeiee oi?aa?neoao oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??,
1995. — N.128. — Aaoi?nueeeo 0,5 n.

5. Iiaae A.A., Eoeueyiia N.O., Oi?iiaineay I.A. ?ieue ii?iaoeaiie aacu a
iaania/aiee oi?aaeaiey aeayoaeueiinoueth io?anee //Ca?oia
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia

17

eiioa?aioe?y iaoeiaeo eieaeoea?a oi?aa?neoaoo ca 1994 ??e. — E.:
Ee?anueeee i?aeia?iaeiee oi?aa?neoao oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??, 1995. —
N.129. — Aaoi?nueeeo 0,5 n.

6. Oi?iiaineay I.A. Iaeioi?ua iniaaiiinoe aeayoaeueiinoe ay?iii?oia
a?aaeaeaineie aaeaoeee Oe?aeiu a nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo //I?iaeaiu
iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe eio?ano?oeoo?u. — E.: Ee?anueeee i?aeia?iaeiee
oi?aa?neoao oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??, 1996. -N.179-180

7. Eoeueyiia N.O., Iaeneiia A.A., Oi?iiaineay I.A. I iaeioi?uo
iniaaiiinoyo ?ano?oeoo?ecaoeee a?aaeaeaineie aaeaoeee Oe?aeiu //I?iaeaiu
iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe eio?ano?oeoo?u. — E.: Ee?anueeee i?aeia?iaeiee
oi?aa?neoao oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??, 1996. -N.175-179.- Aaoi?nueeeo 2 n.

8. Eoe’yiia N.O., Oi?iiainueea I.A. I?i canoinoaaiiy ii?iaoeaieo
aeieoiaio?a a ae?yeueiino? aa?aoe?eieo i?aei?e?inoa Oe?a?ie //Ca?oia
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia eiioa?aioe?y iaoeiaeo eieaeoea?a oi?aa?neoaoo ca 1995
??e. — E.: Ee?anueeee i?aeia?iaeiee oi?aa?neoao oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??,
1996. — N.117. — Aaoi?nueeeo 0,5 n.

9. Iiaae A.I., Oi?iiainueea I.A., Eoe’yiia N.O. Aieiai? aeiiae aei
i?aai?caoe?eieo no?oeoo? i?aei?e?inoa, ui caeiathoueny aa?aoe?eiith
ae?yeuei?noth //Ca?oia iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia eiioa?aioe?y iaoeiaeo eieaeoea?a
oi?aa?neoaoo ca 1995 ??e. — E.: Ee?anueeee i?aeia?iaeiee oi?aa?neoao
oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??, 1996. — N.117-118. — Aaoi?nueeeo 1 n.

10. Eoeueyiia N.O., Oi?iiaineay I.A. I?aeoeea i?eiaiaiey
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiauo aeoia ooieoeeiie?iaaiey io?anee a?aaeaeaineie
aaeaoeee a nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo //I?iaeaiu iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe
eio?ano?oeoo?u. — E.: Ee?anueeee i?aeia?iaeiee oi?aa?neoao oeea?eueii?
aa?aoe??, 1997. -N. 81-86. — Aaoi?nueeeo 1 n.

11. Oi?iiaineay I.A. Iaeioi?ua iiaeoiaeu e ?an/aoo yeiiiie/aneie
yooaeoeaiinoe aeayoaeueiinoe ay?iii?oa — naiinoiyoaeueiiai
oicyenoaaiiiai noauaeoa // I?iaeaiu iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe
eio?ano?oeoo?u. — E.: Ee?anueeee i?aeia?iaeiee oi?aa?neoao oeea?eueii?
aa?aoe??, 1997. -N. 87-90

AIIOAOe?ss

Oi?iiainueea I.A. Oaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy oeea?eueiith aa?aoe??th
Oe?a?ie ia no/aniiio aoai?. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa c aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aae?iiy ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 25.00.03 — i?aai?caoe?y oa oi?aae?iiy a
aea?aeaaieo onoaiiaao. — Oe?a?inueea Aeaaeai?y aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy
i?e I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

O aeena?oaoe?? cae?eniaii eiiieaenia aeine?aeaeaiiy c ieoaiue oi?aae?iiy
oeea?eueiith aa?aoe??th ia no/aniiio aoai?. Ia i?eeeaae? oeea?eueii?
aa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie cai?iiiiiaai? oeyoe ?ica’ycaiiy i?iaeai iia’ycaieo c
aaeocaaei oi?aae?iiyi a ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae ?icaeoeo aeiiii?ee.

18

?icaeyaeath/e oeea?eueio aa?aoe?th, ye nenoaio, ?ic?iaeai? oai?aoe/i? oa
i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei i?ioeano ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? ye aaeoc? a
oe?eiio, oae ? ?? ae?iaie/i? noa?e, oa iaoiaeeeo oi?ioaaiiy ie?aieo
neeaaeiaeo oi?aae?iiy aaeoccth, a oaeiae ia??oioiaaia oa ?ic?iaeaia
iiaeaeue i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e ia’?eoa oi?aae?iiy.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ciaeoee nai? a?aeia?aaeaiiy: i?e i?iaeooaaii?
i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e i?aaio aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy oeea?eueii?
aa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie (o aeaeyae? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e); a iaoiaee/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?yo uiaei ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? ? i?iaeooaaiiy i?aai?caoe?eieo
no?oeoo? i?aei?e?inoa oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie (ia i?eeeaae?
aa?iii?oo); i?e oi?ioaaii? ie?aieo ?icae?e?a Caiaeo aa?aoe?eieo i?aaee
Oe?a?ie oa iaoe?iiaeueieo ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeo aeo?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: oeea?eueia aa?aoe?y, i?aai?caoe?eia no?oeoo?a
oi?aae?iiy, iiaeaeue i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e ia’?eoo oi?aae?iiy,
ii?iaoeaia aaca, i?ioeane oi?aae?iiy ? ?aaoethaaiiy.

AIIIOAOeEss

Oi?iiaineay I.A. Niaa?oainoaiaaiea oi?aaeaiey a?aaeaeaineie aaeaoeeae
Oe?aeie ia nia?aiaiiii yoaia. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaoe ii
ainoaea?noaaiiiio oi?aaeaieth ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 25.00.03 — i?aaiecaoeey
e oi?aaeaiea a ainoaea?noaaiiuo o/?aaeaeaieyo. — Oe?aeineay Aeaaeaiey
ainoaea?noaaiiiai oi?aaeaiey i?e I?aceaeaioa Oe?aeiu, eeaa, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee inouanoaeaii eiiieaeniia enneaaeiaaiea oi?aaeaiey
a?aaeaeaineie aaeaoeeae ia nia?aiaiiii yoaia. Ia i?eia?a a?aaeaeaineie
aaeaoeee Oe?aeiu i?aaeeiaeaiu iooe ?aoaiey i?iaeai naycaiiuo n
io?aneaaui oi?aaeaieai a ia?aoiaeiue ia?eiae ?acaeoey yeiiiieee.

I?eaaaeaia iauay oa?aeoa?enoeea oi?aaeaiey io?aneueth a?aaeaeaineie
aaeaoeee, ioia?aaeaiu nia?aiaiiua iiaeoiaeu e aa oi?ie?iaaieth. Ia
iniiaa enneaaeiaaiee ie?iaiai iiuoa oi?aaeaiey a?aaeaeaineie aaeaoeeae,
ii?aaeaeaiu iniiaiua iai?aaeaiey ?acaeoey io?anee a Oe?aeia. A ?aaioa
enneaaeiaaeenue i?aaiecaoeeiiiua no?oeoo?u oi?aaeaiey a?aaeaeaineie
aaeaoeeae NOA, Aa?iaiee, O?aioeee, ?innee.

I?iaiaeece?iaaiu oai?aoe/aneea e i?aeoe/aneea i?aaeiinueee ?acaeoey
nenoaiu oi?aaeaiey aiiaua, e eo aeeyiea ia oi?aaeaiea a?aaeaeaineie
aaeaoeee Oe?aeiu, a /anoiinoe. I?iaaaeaiiue aiaeec i?aaiecaoeeiiiuo
no?oeoo? iiaeoaa?aeee, /oi aeey aeinoeaeaiey yooaeoeaiie aeayoaeueiinoe
eae io?anee a oeaeii, oae e aa i?iecaiaenoaaiiie noa?u, iaiaoiaeeii
eiiieaeniia oi?aaeaiea e ?aaoee?iaaiea. Aeey inouanoaeaiey yoiai
i?ioeanna iaiaoiaeeii ni?iaeoe?iaaoue niioaaonoaothuoth no?oeoo?o, a
oaeaea eiaoue i?aaiaia iiea, a eioi?i aoaeao ooieoeeiie?iaaoue
a?aaeaeaineay aaeaoeey.

?anniao?eaay a?aaeaeaineoth aaeaoeeth, eae nenoaio, ?ac?aaioaiu
oai?aoe/aneea e i?aeoe/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii i?ioeanno
?ano?oeoo?ecaoeee

20

eae io?anee a oeaeii, oae e aa i?iecaiaenoaaiiie noa?u, e iaoiaeeea
oi?ie?iaaiey ioaeaeueiuo yeaiaioia nenoaiu oi?aaeaiey a?aaeaeaineie
aaeaoeee, a oaeaea iainiiaaia e ?ac?aaioaia iiaeaeue i?aaiecaoeeiiiie
no?oeoo?u iauaeoa oi?aaeaiey.

Ia iniiaa yoie iiaeaee, eae i?eia?, inouanoaeaii i?iaeoe?iaaiea
i?aaiecaoeeiiiuo no?oeoo? oi?aaeaiey a a?aaeaeaineie aaeaoeee Oe?aeiu, a
oaeaea i?aaeeiaeai iaoaieci nicaeaiey ii?iaoeaiie aacu, ?aaoee?othuae
aeayoaeueiinoue io?anee. A ?aaioa i?eaiaeeony i?eaeeceoaeueiue ia?a/aiue
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiauo aeoia, ninoaaeythueo ii?iaoeaioth aaco io?anee, a
oaeaea ia?a/aiue ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiauo aeoia, ?aaoee?othueo
aeayoaeueiinoue ay?iii?oia — naiinoiyoaeueiuo oicyenueoaaiiuo iauaeoia.

?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee iaoee naia i?eiaiaiea: i?e i?iaeoe?iaaiee
i?aaiecaoeeiiiie no?oeoo?u i?aaia ?aaoee?iaaiey aeayoaeueiinoe
a?aaeaeaineie aaeaoeee Oe?aeiu (a aeaea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee); a iaoiaee/aneeo
?aeiiaiaeaoeeyo ii ?ano?oeoo?ecaoeee e i?iaeoe?iaaieth i?aaiecaoeeiiiuo
no?oeoo? i?aaei?eyoee a?aaeaeaineie aaeaoeee Oe?aeiu (ia i?eia?a
ay?iii?oa); i?e oi?ie?iaaiee ioaeaeueiuo ?acaeaeia Naiaea aaeaoeeiiiuo
i?aaee Oe?aeiu e iaoeeiiaeueiuo ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiauo aeoia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: a?aaeaeaineay aaeaoeey, i?aaiecaoeeiiiay no?oeoo?a
oi?aaeaiey, iiaeaeue i?aaiecaoeeiiiie no?oeoo?u iauaeoa oi?aaeaiey,
ii?iaoeaiay aaca, i?ioeannu oi?aaeaiey e ?aaoee?iaaiey.

SUMMARY

Khoromanskya O.G. Improvement of Ukrainian Civil Aviation Administration
at a modern base.

The Thesis for a Candidate of Science Degree (Public Administration) by
Speciality 25.00.03 — Organizing and Managment of a Public Foundations.
— Ukrainian Academy of Public Administration, Office of the President of
Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999.

It was realised the complete investigation of improvement of Ukrainian
Civil Aviation Administration at a modern base. It were offered the ways
of decision the problems connected with the branch administration at
transitive period of economy on an example of Civil Aviation of Ukraine.

Considering the Civil Aviation as a system it was suggested the
methodological approach and method of forming hte separate elements of
the branch administration system, and also elaborated the model of
organizational stracture of the object of administration.

The results of investigation were utilized: in the time of projection
the organizational structure of the organ which regulates the Ukrainian
Civil Aviation activity (as a recommendation); in methodical
recommendations of restructurization and projection organizational
structures of the Civil Aviation of Ukraine enterprises

21

(as an example — airport); in the time of preparation the separate
sections of the Code of Aviation Rules of Ukraine.

The key words: civil aviation, organizational structure of
administration, a model of organizational structure of an object of
administration, normative base, processes of administration and
regulation.

Похожие записи