Oa?e?anueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo

E?iueeia A?eoi? Aaneeueiae/

OAeE 629.423. 004.5: 625.42

Oaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?? ianeoaiaoaaiiy ? ae?aaiinooaaiiy iaeaaeiaiiy
aaaii?a iao?iiie?oaio

05.22.07 – ?ooiiee neeaae cae?cieoeue oa oyaa ii?cae?a

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anuee?e aea?aeaai?e aeaaeai?? cae?cie/iiai
o?ainii?oo ia eaoaae?? “Aenieoaoaoe?y oa ?aiiio ?ooiiiai neeaaeo”,
I?i?noa?noaa o?ainii?oo Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee

Aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

Oa?oaeianueeee Aaeoa?ae Aeaaeaeiae/, Oa?e?anueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y
cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e “Aenieoaoaoe?y oa ?aiiio
?ooiiiai neeaaeo”

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe

1. Aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ii?ic Aieiaeeie? ?ee?/, Oa?e?anueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y cae?cie/iiai
o?ainii?oo, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e “Iaoai?ea oa i?iaeooaaiiy iaoei”

2. Eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Aeaeaea Aaneeue Oiie/, Oa?e?anueea aeaaeai?y i?nueeiai ainiiaea?noaa,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e “I?nueeee aeaeo?e/iee o?ainii?o”

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?a
“Eieiiioeaiaoaeoaaiiy”, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. Oa?e?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “_3_”__/a?aiy_ 1999?.

i _14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.820.04 o
Oa?e?anuee?e aea?aeaai?e aeaaeai?? cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo ca aae?anith:
310050, i. Oa?e?a, ie. Oae??aaoa, 7.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueei?
aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “_3_”__o?aaiy______ 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Caia?a A. I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Anooi

Iao?iiie?oai, ye iniaeeaee aeae i?nueeiai o?ainii?oo, ? aaaeeeaith
/anoeiith ianaaee?nueeeo ia?aaacaiue ? eiai ii?iaeueia ?iaioa aaaaoi a
/iio caeaaeeoue a?ae /?oeiai oa ceaaiaeaeaiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy ae?th/i?
nenoaie ianeoaiaoaaiiy ? ?aiiioo.

I?iaaaeai? ?ai?oa iaoeia? aeine?aeaeaiiy aacia?a/ii aeiaiaeyoue, ui
ii?iaeueia ?iaioa ?ooiiiai neeaaeo (?N) iao?iiie?oaio aaaaoi a /iio
caeaaeeoue a?ae iaae?eiino? iaeaaeiaiiy aaaii?a. Oiio a oiiaao noa??iiy
ia?eo, iia??oaiiy eiai oaoi?/iiai noaio, o?iainiaeo o?oaeiiu?a ?
a?aenooiino? oeaio?ae?ciaaiiai iinoa/aiiy caianieie /anoeiaie aeieea? ye
naiino?eia caaea/a aaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?? ianeoaiaoaaiiy ?
ae?aaiinooaaiiy iaeaaeiaiiy aaaii?a iao?iiie?oaio, oiaoi iai?yiie
aeine?aeaeaiue, yeee caaacia/o? i?aeaeuaiiy aenieoaoaoe?eii?
iaae?eiino?, nei?i/aiiy aeo?ao ia ?aiiioe ? cai?io caianieo /anoei oa ?o
a/anio aeinoaaeo.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie.

Caaacia/aiiy ianiaeo ia?aaacaiue ianaaee??a i?e aenie?e ?ioaineaiino?
?ooo ii?cae?a iao?iiie?oaio aeeeeea? i?aeaeuai? aeiiae uiaei aeio?eiaiiy
aaciaee ? iaae?eiino? iaeaaeiaiiy aaaii?a.

Iinoaiiaith Eaa?iaoa I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie ?769 a?ae 2.06.98?. caoaa?aeaeaia
aea?aeaaia i?ia?aia ?icaeoeo ?N nioe?aeueiiai i?ecia/aiiy aeey
cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo ? i?nueeiai ainiiaea?noaa, yea ia?aaeaa/a?
eiiieaen iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ? eiino?oeoi?nueeeo ?ic?iaie, aeeth/ath/e
?ic?iaeo ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo oaoiieia?e ianeoaiaoaaiiy oa ?aiiioo
aaaii?a iao?iiie?oaio.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa ? /anoeiith iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue, ye?
i?iaiaeyoueny OAeACO o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei i?ia?ai oa eiioeaioe?e
?icaeoeo nenoai ae?aaiinooaaiiy a eieiiioeaiiio ainiiaea?noa?
cae?cieoeue ? ?ooiiiio neeaae? iao?iiie?oai?a Oe?a?ie.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaoith aeaii? ?iaioe ? ?ic?iaea i?ia?aneaii? oaoiieia?? ianeoaiaoaaiiy
iaeaaeiaiiy aaaii?a iao?iiie?oaio, yea aaco?oueny ia canoinoaaii?
cania?a ? caoiae?a ae?aaiinooaaiiy, iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaiiio caaacia/aiith
caianieie /anoeiaie ? i?eeaaeaie (C?I) aeey ?N.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy icia/aii? iaoe iaiao?aeii:

— i?iaaaeaiiy aiae?co nenoaie oo?eiaiiy ? aenieoaoaoe?? ?N c
o?aooaaiiyi oaeoi??a, ye? aieeaathoue ia ii?ie ? aeo?aoe caianieo
/anoei;

— ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee e?euee?nii? ioe?iee iaae?eiino? aaaii?a
iao?iiie?oaio, yea oa?aeoa?eco? ?o aioiai?noue aei aenieoaoaoe??;

— aiae?c oaoi?/iiai noaio iaeaaeiaiiy aaaii?a iao?iiie?oaio ? aecia/aiiy
aoce?a, e?i?ooth/eo aaca?aeiiai?noue oa ?aiiioii?eaeaoi?noue;

— iaeyae na?oiaiai aeina?aeo ?ioi?iaoecaoe?? oaoi?/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy,
?aiiioo, ae?aaiinooaaiiy ? i?aai?caoe?? iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/iiai
caaacia/aiiy ?N iao?iiie?oaio;

— ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee ? i?iaaaeaiiy ?ic?aooie?a ae?aaiinoe/ii? oe?iiino?
?ioi?iaoe?? i?i noai iaeaaeiaiiy aaaii?a iao?iiie?oaio;

— i?iaaaeaiiy ?ic?aooieiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy C?I iniiaieo aeaoaeae
iaeaaeiaiiy aaaii?a iao?iiie?oaio c ioe?ieith eiai aeinoaoiino?;

— aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy a?a?iaeonoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee
iaeaaeiaiiy, a?a?iaeoeaiino? ianoee, ui canoiniaothoueny a oyaiaeo
aeaeaoiao;

— ?aae?caoe?y iiai? oaoiieia?? ianeoaiaoaaiiy ? ae?aaiinooaaiiy ?c
canoinoaaiiyi ia?anoaii? noaioe??, ia?aiinieo ii?oaoeaieo i?eeaae?a c
aieieiiii-iioe/ieie ia?aoai?thaa/aie, aeenoaioe?eiei eiio?ieai
oaiia?aoo? iaa??aaiiy aoen, i?aeoeiiee?a oyaiaeo aeaeaoi?a, a?a?aoe?eieo
oa?aeoa?enoee aaaeeeaiai iaeaaeiaiiy;

— aeine?aeia aenieoaoaoe?y ? ai?iaaoe?y iiai? oaoiieia?? c
oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/iith ioe?ieith.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Iaa?oioiaaia iaiao?aei?noue aecia/aiiy oaoi?/iiai noaio iaeaaeiaiiy
aaaii?a iao?iiie?oaio ca?aeii c ae?aaiinoe/iith oe?ii?noth ?ioi?iaoe??,
yea iieeaaeaia a iniiao ?ic?aooie?a C?I.

Io?eiai? iiiia?aie aecia/aiiy C?I aeey ??cieo iai?aoethaaiue ?N,
cae?eniaia ioe?iea aeinoaoiino? caiano caianieo /anoei aeey
??cieo aeae?a

oaoi?/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy (OI) ? iioi/iiai ?aiiioo (I?) oa ?? aieea ia
eiao?oe??io aioiaiino? ia?eo.

Io?eiai? a?a?iaeonoe/i? niaeo?e /anoio, ia i?aenoaa? yeeo a?aeothoueny
i?aeoeiieee oyaiaeo aeaeaoi?a, a ?o aoaeiii? aaee/eie aeei?enoiaothoueny
i?e ae?aaiinooaaii? oeeo aoce?a a aenieoaoaoe??.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Ae??oaia caaea/a aaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?? ianeoaiaoaaiiy iaeaaeiaiiy
aaaii?a iao?iiie?oaio, yea aaco?oueny ia canoinoaaii? iiai? i?aai?caoe??
ae?aaiinoe/iiai ? iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/iiai caaacia/aiiy. ?acoeueoaoe
?iaioe ai?iaaaeaeai? ia Oa?e?anueeiio iao?iiie?oai? i?e i?iaaaeaii?
ianeoaiaoaaiiy ?N ca iiaith oaoiieia??th. Aiie aeeth/athoue aei naaa:

— i?aai?caoe?th ?iaioe ia?anoaii? noaioe?? ianeoaiaoaaiiy ?
ae?aaiinooaaiiy ia aac? eaaeiaiai aaoiiia?ey “Aacaeue”;

— ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a oaoiieia?/i? i?ioeane OI ? I? ia?aiinieo ii?oaoeaieo
ae?aaiinoe/ieo i?eeaae?a ia aac? aieieiiii-iioe/ieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a,
i??iiao??a ? a?a?i?iaeeeaoi??a eiio?ieth noaio i?aeoeiiee?a.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a.

O i?aoeyo [1,3,4] aeena?oaioii noi?ioeueiaai? iniiai? e?eoa??? ? aeiiae
aei oi?ioaaiiy caiano C?I, e?euee?nii? ioe?iee iaae?eiino? ?N oa
cai?iiiiiaaii canoinoaaiiy ia?anoaieo iaenoa?aiue ia iao?iiie?oai?. A
i?aoe? [2], yea iioae?eiaaia o ni?aaaoi?noa?, aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue
iinoaiiaea ieoaiiy ? iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoiaeeee aenia?oieo ioe?iie aeey
aaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?? OI ? I? ?N iao?iiie?oaio.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeeny ia:

— VII I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie ?icaeoeo
?aeeiaiai o?ainii?oo” (E?ei, E?aaae?y, 1997?.);

— VIII I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie ?icaeoeo
?aeeiaiai o?ainii?oo” (E?ei, Aeoooa, 1998?.);

— can?aeaii? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? eii?n?? c ?icaeoeo nenoai ae?aaiinooaaiiy
o eieiiioeaiiio ainiiaea?noa?, Oa?e?a, 1998?.;

— iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo eaoaae? OAeACO ? ?ia?oiee?a
i?aei?e?inoa cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo o 1994 – 1998 ?ieao.

Iiai?noth aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeiiia?aeaeany ia ?icoe?aiiio can?aeaii?
eaoaae?e A??N OAeACO (1999?.).

Ioae?eaoe??.

Ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? iaae?oeiaaii 4 iaoeia? ?iaioe o aeaeaiiyo, ye?
caoaa?aeaeai? AAE Oe?a?ie.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??.

Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, i’yoe ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ? aeiaeaoe?a. ?iaioa i?noeoue 166 noi??iie oaenoo,
24 ?ethno?aoe??, 12 oaaeeoeue, a?ae?ia?ao?th c 102 iaeiaioaaiue ? 7
noi??iie aeiaeaoe?a.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeai, ye? noiyoue ia?aae
iao?iiie?oaiii, a oaeiae oeyoe ?oiueiai ae??ooaaiiy.

Ia?oee ?icae?e aeena?oaoe?? i?noeoue aiae?c nenoaie ianeoaiaoaaiiy (?N)
iao?iiie?oaio. Aaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie ianeoaiaoaaiiy ? ?aiiioo
a?aeaoaaeiny ? a?aeaoaa?oueny, a iniiaiiio, ca ?aooiie ci?ie
oeeee?/iino? oa ia??iaee/iino?, ia ii?oooth/e ii noo? oaoiieia?th
oaoi?/ieo ianeoaiaoaaiue. Aiae?c iaae?eiino? ?N iao?iiie?oaio iieaco?,
ui ii aaaiio a oe?eiio aaeee? o?oaeiaeo?aoe ia iaieaiia? ?aiiioe. Ii
nenoaiao aeoaea iaiaae?eii i?aoeth? aeaeo?iiaeaaeiaiiy, yea aeiaaa? aeey
naaa cia/ieo aeiaeaoeiaeo aeo?ao. Iaea?eueo iaiaae?eiei ? oyaiaee
aeaeaoi ia yeee aeo?a/a?oueny aeiaeaoeiai aei 50% ieaiiaeo aeo?ao.
I?iaiae?ciaai? ?nioth/? nenoaie OI ? I?, ye? oiiaii iiae?eai? ia /ioe?e
eaoaai???, o?iiieia?/ii a?aeiia?aei? ia?oiio, ae?oaiio, o?aoueiio ?
/aoaa?oiio iieie?iiyi. A nenoaiao ia?oiai iieie?iiy ia?aaeaa/aiee i?inoi
?aiiio i?e a?aeiia? iaeaaeiaiiy. Iniiaith nenoai ae?oaiai iieie?iiy ?
?aaoey?i? ieaiiai-caiia?aath/? iaeyaee oa ?aiiioe, ui cia/ii cieaeothoue
/anoioo a?aeiia. A nenoaiao o?aoueiai iieie?iiy aeei?enoiaothoueny iaai?
oi?ie iii?oi??iao oaoi?/iiai noaio iaeaaeiaiiy c iaoith i?iaiicoaaiiy
i/?eoaaieo a?aeiia. Oea aeicaiey? i?iaiaeeoe ?aiiioe aei oaeoe/ii? iiyae
a?aeiia oa caiaeeoe aei i?i?ioio o?eaae?noue a?aeaie?eaiiy iaeaaeiaiiy
a?ae aenieoaoaoe??. A?aee?eoa no?oeoo?a i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy nenoai
OI ? I? /aoaa?oiai iieie?iiy aea? iiaeeea?noue ii?aeioaaoe ?o
c eiii’thoa?eciaaieie nenoaiaie.

Aeei?enoaiiy i?e oeueiio eia?noe/ii? no?aoaa?? iiaea aeaoe ?noioiee
aeiiii?/iee aoaeo ca ?aooiie iioeiaeueiiai ?iciiae?eo neeaaenueeeo
caian?a ? ?aiiioieo iia?aoe?e i?ae aeae?eueeiia aeaii, c iai?aaeaiyi ?N
o ?aiiio o iaea?eueo i?eaeaoia aeaii.

A Oa?e?anueeiio iao?iiie?oai? i?iaiaeyoueny caoiaee, iia’ycai? c
aaeineiiaeaiiyi oaoiieia?? oaoi?/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy, i?aeaeuaiiyi
iia?aoeaiino? iinoa/aiiy, iie?ioaiiyi yeino? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i eiaeio
iaeeieoeth ?ooiiiai neeaaeo, oi/a aiie ? ia iinyoue nenoaiiiai
oa?aeoa?o. Oea aeeeeea? iaiao?aei?noue iaoiaee/iiai ii?aeiaiiy
??ciiiai?oieo caoiae?a ? ?ic?iaee iaoeiaiai caaacia/aiiy. I?e oeueiio
iio??aii aea/eoe aeina?ae ?ioeo iao?iiie?oai?a, i?iaiae?coaaoe
iaoeiai-aeine?aei? ?iaioe a noi?aeieo aaeocyo o?ainii?oo, iai?oeoe
eiie?aoi? caoiaee aeey ai?iaaaeaeaiiy. Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai, aoee
noi?ioeueiaai? iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e ?iaioe i?enay/aiee aeine?aeaeaiith aieeao
ae?aaiinooaaiiy ? ?aoe?iiaeueiiai caaacia/aiiy caianieie /anoeiaie ia
oaoi?/iee noai ?N iao?iiie?oaio. Aeine?aeaeaiiy eaoaae?e A??N OAeACO
iieacaee, ui na?aaeiy /enaeuei?noue noaio ia?eo iaaeeaea?oueny ?
aeinyaa? /a?ac iaaiee ?ioa?aae /ano aeayeeo a?aie/ieo cia/aiue, a
i?ioean ci?ie noaio iineoue oa?aeoa? no?eei? ??aiiaaae. Aeey e?euee?nii?
ioe?iee o?eaaeino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie OI ? I? iao?iiie?oaio
cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoiaoaaoe ei?o?oe?aio aioiaiino? EA ye eiiieaeniee
aeey ioe?iee aaca?aeiiaiino? ? ?aiiioii?eaeaoiino?. Aeey i?ecia/aiiy
i??i?eoao?a, a oaeoe/ii aeey ei?aaoaaiiy oaoiieia?? oaoianeoaiaoaaiiy ?
noai?aiiy ia?o?ooii? oaoiieia??, cai?iiiiiaaia eeaneo?eaoe?y a?aeiia ?N
ca?aeii c ia?aiao?e/iith iaae?ei?noth. I?iaaaeai? ?ic?aooiee
aca?iica’yceo a?aeiia, ?acoeueoaoe yeeo ioi?ieai? a aeaeyae?
ei?aeyoe?eieo ?ao?oie. Aeeeth/ai? c ?icaeyaeo ii?aeiaiiy a?aeiia,
?iia??i?noue iiyae yeeo iaio 0.01 (1%). Aecia/ai? o?e iniiaieo aa??aioe
ia?o?oo?a: c ?icaeooyi eiio?ieueii-ae?aaiinoe/ieo iia?aoe?e ia iiceoe??
? eiioeaio?aoe??th ae?aaiinoeee a caeaaeiino? a?ae niieo/aiiy a?aeiia ?
o?oaeii?noeino? ?o onoiaiiy.

Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai cai?iiiiiaaii aeae?eueea no?oeoo? nenoai
i?aai?caoe?? iinoa/aiiy caianieie aeaiaioaie, ye? aeeth/athoue aei naaa
oae? neeaaeia? /anoeie:

— iaeeie/iee eiiieaeo C?I (C?I-I), ui yaey? niaith eiiieaeo caianieo
aeaiaio?a, ye? i?eaeathoueny aaciina?aaeiuei aeaiiio iaeaaeiaiith aeey
caaacia/aiiy eiai ae??caeaoiino?;

— iai?iiee oiiae ?aiiioiiai i?aaio (IO-?I), ui yaey? niaith eiiieaeo
caianieo aeaiaio?a ye? i?eaeathoueny ?aiiioiiio i?aaio, ui ianeoaiao?
a?oio ia’?eo?a (ia iaia’yceiai ?aeaioe/ieo) ? neoaeaoue aeey cai?ie o ?N
aeaiaio?a, ui ni?aai?;

— eiiieaeo caianieo aeaiaio?a ?aiiioiiai i?aaio (C?I-?I), ui yaey?
niaith eiiieaeo caianieo aeaiaio?a, yeee i?eaea?oueny ?aiiioiiio i?aaio
c iaoith caaacia/aiiy eiai ae??caeaoiino?. Ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?aiiioiiai
i?aaio (?I) iieyaa? a onoiaii? a?aeiia a iani?aaieo aeaiaioao ca ?aooiie
aeyaeaiiy ? cai?ie a ieo ae??aieo eiino?oeoeaieo aeaiaio?a, ui
a?aeiiaeee.

Oaeei /eiii, ?aiiioiee i?aai, i?ecia/aiee aeey ?aiiioo ia’?eo?a, iiaeiai
aooe caaacia/aiee caianii oeiiaeo aoce?a, a ?aiiioiee i?aai, i?ecia/aiee
aeey ?aiiioo aoce?a – iaaiei caianii aeaoaeae. Ia i?aenoaa? oeueiai
?ic?iaeaia iiaa no?oeoo?a nenoaie caaacia/aiiy ?N caianieie aeaiaioaie
(NCCY). Cayaea ia caianiee aeaiaio, ui iaae?eoea a?ae ?N a eiiieaeo C?I,
iiaea aooe caaeiaieueiaia aai iaaaeii, aai c aeayeith cao?eieith.
Na?aaei?e /an i?ae a?aeiiaith ? a?aeiiaeaiiyi cai?iiiiiaaii aecia/aoe o
aeaeyae?

, (1)

— na?aaei?e /an aeyaeaiiy ? iiooeo iani?aaiiai aeaiaioa, yeee
aecia/a?oueny nenoaiith ae?aaiinooaaiiy ? ia caeaaeeoue a?ae iiaiioe
eiiieaeoo C?I;

— na?aaei?e /an cai?ie aeaiaioa, ui a?aeiiaea ni?aaiei caianiei (ca
iayaiino? eiai a C?I), yeee aecia/a?oueny ?aiiioii?eaeaoi?noth ia’?eoa ?
ia caeaaeeoue ai? a?ae nenoaie ae?aaiinooaaiiy, ai? a?ae iiaiioe
eiiieaeoo C?I;

— na?aaei?e /an cao?eiee aeey aeeiiaiiy cayaee ia caianiee aeaiaio,
yeee ia caeaaeeoue a?ae nenoaie ae?aaiinooaaiiy ia’?eoa ? aecia/a?oueny
iioieii a?aeiia aeaiaio?a ? iiaiioith eiiieaeoo C?I.

), iiaeia ioe?ieoe aieea iaiaaeaiiino? eiiieaeoo C?I ia iieaciee
iaae?eiino? iaeaaeiaiiy ?N. I?e oeueiio, ?iia??i?noue oiai, ui aeey
?aiiioo aeaiaioo i-ai oeio ciaaeiaeoueny eiiieaeooth/ee aeaiaio j-ai
oeio, aecia/eoueny c oi?ioee

, (2)

aea mij — e?euee?noue iaiao?aeieo aeey ?aiiioo aeaiaio?a;

(j — ?ioaineai?noue aeiia ia aeaiaioe iaaiiai oeio.

Ioaea, ?ioaineai?noue iioieo cayaie ia aeaiaioe j-ai oeio a C?I-?I iiaea
aooe aecia/aia c oi?ioee

, (3)

aea SYMBOL 76 \f «Symbol» \s 16 L i — na?aaeiy e?euee?noue aeaiaio?a
i-ai oeio, ui iaaeoiaeyoue a ?I ca iaeeieoeth /ano.

i?iiiio?oueny aecia/aoe c oi?ioee

. (4)

Ia i?aenoaa? i?eeiyoiai aeai?o ? ?ic?aooieiaiai aecia/aiiy iniiaieo
iieaciee?a oi?ioaaiiy NCCY cai?iiiiiaaii ?aoe?iiaeueia oi?ioaaiiy C?I
aeey iaeaaeiaiiy ?N iao?iiie?oaio i?e eiai ianeoaiaoaaii? ? ?aiiio?.

) aecia/eoueny ye

(5)

C oeueiai ??aiyiiy iiaeia io?eiaoe

, (6)

, ui aecia/a?oueny ca?aeii c noaoenoe/ieie aeaieie.

i?eeiyoi, ui

(7)

.

Aeey ioe?iee iani?aaiinoae ? a?aeiia aoee aea?ai? ianooii? nenoaie
ae?aaiic?a: Ae1 – iaeaaeiaiiy aaaii?a iao?iiie?oaia, ui a?aeiiaeei o
iaieaiiaiio ii?yaeeo cai?ith?oueny caianiei, yea ? o iayaiino?; Ae2 —
–iaeaaeiaiiy aaaii?a iao?iiie?oaio, ui a?aeiiaeei o ieaiiaiio ii?yaeeo
cai?ith?oueny caianiei, yea ? o iayaiino?; Ae3 — – iaeaaeiaiiy aaaii?a
iao?iiie?oaio, ui a?aeiiaeei /a?ac a?aenooiinoue caiano. Aeey
ia?aiiioo?iiai iaeaaeiaiiy aoee aecia/ai? oae? iciaee: E1 –
aeaeo?iaaeooii? ae?iae; E2 – aaeueiiaa eieiaeea; E3 – aeaoae? iaoai?cio
aaoic/?iethaa/a; E4 – e??ieeuei? ae?iae; E5 – ciauoaaeuei? iaoa??aee; E6
– eioooee aeaeo?iiiaaiaoe/ieo aaioee?a; E7 – iaoeaea naeiio; E8 –
iaeeaaeea no?oiiceiio (iieic); E9 – u?oee oyaiaeo aeaeo?iaeaeaoi?a; E10
– eiioaeoe ?aea ? eiioaeoi??a. Aiaeia?/iei /eiii aoee aeae?eai? iciaee
aeey iaeaaeiaiiy, yea ?aiiioo?oueny.

A nenoai? Ae1 aoei ianoaaeaii 116 aeaiaio?a, a nenoai? Ae2 – 127 ? a
nenoai? Ae3 — 142 iaeiaioaaiiy. Ca oeeie aeaieie aoee aecia/ai? iciaee,
ui iathoue iaea?eueoo aaao, cia/ou?noue, ? i?iaaaeaiee ?ic?aooiie
e?eueeino? aeaiaio?a, ye? iiaeii? ciaoiaeeoeny o C?I. Ia i?aenoaa?
aeeiiaieo ?ic?aooie?a iiaoaeiaaia iiiia?aia, yea aeicaiey? aecia/aoe
e?euee?noue aeaiaio?a C?I ?N iao?iiie?oaio a caeaaeiino? a?ae eiai
iai?aoethaaiiy ? ?ioaineaiino? a?aeiia aoce?a a aenieoaoaoe??.

Io?eiaia iiiia?aia aeicaiey? aecia/aoe /anoeo aeaiaio?a C?I a?ae
caaaeueii? e?eueeino? iaeiieiaiieo caianieo aeaoaeae a iaeiiio aaaii?
(ii?cae?) iao?iiie?oaio. Oe? aeai? iieeaaeai? a iniiao noai?aiiy C?I
aeey ia?anoaii? noaioe?? ianeoaiaoaaiiy ? ae?aaiinooaaiiy.

?enoiie 1 – Iiiia?aia aeey ?ic?aooieo C?I

*aoaa?oee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee a?a?iaeonoe/iiio ae?aaiinooaaiith
i?aeoeiiee?a oyaiaeo aeaeaoi?a. Ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co aoei
anoaiiaeaii, ui a?aeiiae oyaiaeo aeaeaoi?a, aeeeeeai? iaoai?/iei aieeaii
(aeeiai?/i? iaaaioaaeaiiy, a?a?aoe??, oaea?e ? ?i.), neeaaeathoue cia/io
/anoeio an?o iani?aaiinoae ?ooiiiai neeaaeo. I?e oeueiio /ano?oa ?ioeo
aeieeathoue a aenieoaoaoe?? a?aeiiae i?aeoeiieeiaiai aocea, ye? iiaeia
oiiaii iiae?eeoe ia oae? a?oie: ?oeioaaiiy a?ae aoiieaiino? iaoa??aeo;
iioeiaeaeaiiy a?ae i?aeaeuaiiai ciino; ?oeioaaiiy, yea aecaaii ci?iith
caci??a i?ae aeaoaeyie; iioeiaeaeaiiy, ui aeieeathoue i?e iaaeinoaoiino?
aai i?eieiaii? iiaea/? ianoeea.

I?e i?iaaaeaii? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue aoei cai?iiiiiaaii
ioe?ithaaoe nooi?iue ?icaeoeo aeaa?aaeaoe?eieo i?ioean?a ii i?aeoeiieeo
a oe?eiio ? ia i?aenoaa? oeueiai aecia/aoe eiai caeeoeiaee ?ano?n. Aeey
aiae?co niaeo?aeueiiai neeaaeo a?a?aoe?e oyaiaiai aeaeo?iaeaeaoia aoee
aecia/ai? /anoioe aeiooaieo eieeaaiue aeaeo?iiaoai?/iiai iioiaeaeaiiy ii
eiaeiiio aoceo, ye? i?iaiaeeeeny c aeei?enoaiiyi aia?aoo?e “A?theue ?
Eua?”. Aiie iieacaee, ui ia anueiio aeine?aeaeoaaiiio ae?aiacii? /anoio
niinoa??aa?oueny aacia?a?aiee niaeo? c aeene?aoieie aeeeaeaie ia
a?aeiia?aeieo ?ic?aooieiaeo /anoioao. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeeny a
aeaio /anoioieo ae?aiaciiao: iecueei/anoioiiio (0-3200Aoe) ?
na?aaeiuei/anoioiiio (3200-12500Aoe). Iaea?eueo ?ioi?iaoeaiei ?
aeinoaoi?i c oi/ee ci?o aeyaeaiiy aeaoaeoo i?aeoeiiee?a ei/aiiy
niaeo?aeueiei caniaii aeyaeany iecueei/anoioiee ae?aiacii a nioc? /anoio
aei 100Aoe. A ?acoeueoao? a?a?iianoaaeaiiy i?aeoeiieeiaeo aoce?a oyaiaeo
aeaeo?iaeaeaoi?a aoa iaeiie/aiee cia/iee noaoenoe/iee iaoa??ae, yeee
aeicaieea, i?e iayaiino? ??ciiiai?oieo aeae?a aeaoaeo?a, aecia/aoe
oaoi?/iee noai i?aeoeiieeiaeo aoce?a ca iaeiith ae?aaiinoe/iith
iciaeith, ui i?eoaiaiia a?eueoino? aeae?a aeaoaeo?a. Oaeith
ae?aaiinoe/iith iciaeith ? c?inoaiiy o?aouei? aa?iii?ee a?a?aoe?eiiai
niaeo?a yei?y. C?inoaiiy oe??? aa?iii?ee noi?iaiaeaeoaaeiny oaeiae
cia/iei ca?eueoaiiyi iiooaeiino? neaiaeo a?ey oe??? aa?iii?ee a nioc?
/anoio f =15Aoe. Aoee io?eiai? ae?aaiinoe/i? iciaee aeaoaeoiiai ?
aacaeaoaeoiiai i?aeoeiiee?a a iecueei/anoioi?e /anoei? a?a?iaeonoe/iiai
neaiaeo, ye? aeicaieeee aeei?enoaoe oe? aeai? i?e noai?aii? i?eeaae?a
aeey ae?aaiinooaaiiy oaoi?/iiai noaio i?aeoeiiee?a oyaiaeo
aeaeo?iaeaeaoi?a aaaii?a iao?iiie?oaio ? aecia/aiiy a?a?iaeoeaiino?
ianoee.

A i’yoiio ?icae?e? i?eaaaeai? i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoi?/i? caoiaee uiaei
aaeineiiaeaiiy ae?aaiinoe/iiai ? iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/iiai caaacia/aiiy ?N
iao?iiie?oaio. Aeey aaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?? ianeoaiaoaaiiy ?N
cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoaiiy ia?anoaii? noaioe?? OI ? ae?aaiinooaaiiy,
iniauaii? ia?aiinieie i?eeaaeaie aeey aeenoaioe?eiiai aecia/aiiy
iaa??aaiiy aoen ? i?aeoeiiee?a oyaiaeo aeaeaoi?a; a?a?iaeonoe/ii?
ioe?iee noaio ? a?a?iaeoeaiino? ianoee oyaiaeo aeaeaoi?a;
iioe/ii-aieieiiieo i?eeaae?a a?coaeueiiai eiio?ieth noaio iaeaaeiaiiy o
aaaeeiaeinooiieo i?noeyo; i?eeaaeaie aeey ioe?iee ia??aiii??iino?
no?oii?iciiae?eo oyaiaeo aeaeaoi?a.

Ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaieo ?ic?aooie?a ia Oa?e?anueeiio iao?iiie?oai?
noai?aia ia?anoaia noaioe?y ianeoaiaoaaiiy ? ae?aaiinooaaiiy ?N
iao?iiie?oaio ia aac? aaoiiia?ey “Aacaeue”. Oe? aeai? aoee iieeaaeai? a
iniiao iiai? oaoiieia?? ianeoaiaoaaiiy ? ae?aaiinooaaiiy iaeaaeiaiiy ?N.

Io?eiai? aeai? aeine?aeii? aenieoaoaoe?? aaaii?a iao?iiie?oaio,
ianeoaiaoaaiiy ? caaacia/aiiy yeeo cae?enithaaeiny ia i?aenoaa? cania?a
oaoi?/ii? ae?aaiinoeee, na?ae/aoue i?i iiaeeea?noue i?aeaeuaiiy
eiao?oe??ioa

aioiaiino? ia 0,12; nei?i/aiiy /ano iai?iaeoeoeaiiai i?inoith ia 8%;
i?aeaeuaii? aaca?aeiiaiino? a aenieoaoaoe?? ia 14%. I?e oeueiio
aa?o?noue aeiaeaoeiaiai iaeaaeiaiiy aeey aeine?aeii? aenieoaoaoe??
neeaea 60.0oen.a?i. Aeaea?aea ?iaanoeoe?e: aeani? eiooe (20%) ?
aioo??oi? e?aaeeoe ?ioeo neoaea (80%) c ??/iith noaaeith 110%. Iiaaoaiiy
ai?ao cae?enith?oueny ca?aeii c aeiaiai?ii ??aiii??ii ia i?ioyc? 5
?ie?a. ??/iee i?e??no /enoiai i?eaooeo iao?iiie?oaio i?ney
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy i?iaiico?oueny a ?ici??? 19,0 oen.a?i. ia iaeei ii?cae.
Aeey anoaiiaeaiiy ii?ie aeeneiioo A, a?aeiia?aeii? i?eeiyo?e aeey
?iaanoi?a ii?i? i?eaooeo ia eai?oae, aecia/aia “oe?ia” aaainiaaiiai
eai?oaeo

Oe1 = 0.01o16o110 = 17,6%,

aea 16% — /anoea ui??/iiai iiaaoaiiy e?aaeeoo a caeaaeiino? a?ae
aa?oino? noai?aiiy ? caeoi?ae? cania?a ae?aaiinooaaiiy aeey
iao?iiie?oaio o ?ici??? 9.6 oen. a?i.

Oa?i?i ieoiiino? ?iaanoeoe?e Oi aecia/eany 5 ?ie?a. Ine?eueee Y?io>0,
Ye>1, Ep>Oei, oi i?eiouaii, ui ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiai? oaoiieia??
ianeoaiaoaaiiy c ae?aaiinooaaiiyi ? aeiiii?/ii aei?aaaeaiei ? aoaeoeaiei
i?e aea?aieo aeaea?aeao o?iainoaaiiy.

AENIIAEE

Aiae?c oaoiieia?? ianeoaiaoaaiiy ?N iao?iiie?oaio iieacaa, ui aiia
iio?aao? cia/iiai iie?auaiiy. Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue io?eiai? aaoi?ii
iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaai? oai?aoe/i? ? aenia?eiaioaeuei? ?acoeueoaoe, ui a
noeoiiino? aeicaieythoue c?iaeoe iaai? aeniiaee i?i oa, ui ?ic?iaeaia
iiaa oaoiieia?y ianeoaiaoaaiiy iaeaaeiaiiy aaaii?a iao?iiie?oaio, yea
aaco?oueny ia canoinoaaii? cania?a ? caoiae?a ae?aaiinooaaiiy oa
iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaiiio caaacia/aii? C?Iii, oiaoi iinoaaeaia iaoa ?
caaea/? ae??oai?.

Ia i?aenoaa? aeniiae?a ? ?acoeueoao?a iiaeia a?aecia/eoe:

1. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea e?euee?nii? ioe?iee iaae?eiino? aaaii?a
iao?iiie?oaio, yea oa?aeoa?eco? ?o aioiai?noue aei aenieoaoaoe?? ca
eiao?oe??ioii aioiaiino?.

2. I?iaaaeaiee aeaoaeueiee aiae?c oaoi?/iiai noaio iaeaaeiaiiy ?N
Oa?e?anueeiai iao?iiie?oaio ? aecia/ai? aocee, ye? e?i?oothoue ?o
aaca?aeiiai?noue ? ?aiiioii?eaeaoi?noue.

3. I?iaaaeaiee iaeyae na?oiaiai aeina?aeo oaoi?/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy,
?ioi?iaoecaoe?? ?aiiioo, ae?aaiinooaaiiy ? i?aai?caoe??
iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/iiai caaacia/aiiy ?N iao?iiie?oaio.

4. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ? i?iaaaeai? ?ic?aooiee ae?aaiinoe/ii? oe?iiino?
?ioi?iaoe?? i?i noai iaeaaeiaiiy aaaii?a iao?iiie?oaio;

5. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ? i?iaaaeaiee ?ic?aooiie C?I iniiaieo aeaoaeae
iaeaaeiaiiy aaaii?a iao?iiie?oaio, cai?iiiiiaai? iiiia?aie caeaaeiinoae
e?eueeino? iio??aieo aeaoaeae a?ae ?ioaineaiino? a?aeiia aeaiaio?a.

6. I?iaaaeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy a?a?iaeonoe/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee ? a?a?iaeoeaiino? ianoee, ui canoiniaothoueny a oyaiaeo
aeaeo?iaeaeaoiao ?N. ?ic?iaeaiee ? aeaioiaeaiee i?eeaae aeey ioe?iee
noaio i?aeoeiiee?a aeaeaoi?a.

7. ?ic?iaeaia iiaa oaoiieia?y ianeoaiaoaaiiy ? ae?aaiinooaaiiy ?c
canoinoaaiiyi ia?anoaii? noaioe??, yea iniauaia ia?aiinieie ii?oaoeaieie
i?eeaaeaie ae?aaiinooaaiiy (aieieiiii-iioe/iei aiaeineiiii, i??iiao?ii,
aei??thaa/ai ??aiy a?a?aoe?? aoce?a ? ?i.).

8. I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeia aenieoaoaoe?y aaaii?a iao?iiie?oaio c
ianeoaiaoaaiiyi ? caaacia/aiiyi C?Iii ca cai?iiiiiaaiith oaoiieia??th.
Io?eiaia ca?eueoaiiy ei?o?oe?aioa aioiaiino? ia 12%.

9. Aeeiiaia oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiai? oaoiieia??
ianeoaiaoaaiiy ?N iao?iiie?oaio, yea i?aeoaa?aeeea ?? aeinoaoith
aoaeoeai?noue.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO AAOI?II I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

Eeiueeia A.A. Iniiau oi?ie?iaaiey caiana caianiuo /anoae aeey
iiaeaeaeiiai ninoaaa iao?iiieeoaia // I?aeaoc. ca. iaoe. i?aoeue
/Oa?AeACO, 1998. – Aei.34. – N.19-21.

Aeeeiaaiei I.I., E?iueeia A.A. Aeei?enoaiiy aenia?oieo nenoai aeey
oaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?? OI ? I? eieiiioea?a // I?aeaoc. ca. iaoe.
i?aoeue /Oa?AeACO, 1998. – Aei.34. – N.88-90.

Eeiueeia A.A. Eiee/anoaaiiay ioeaiea iaaeaaeiinoe aaaiiia iao?iiieeoaia
// Eioi?iaoeeiiii-oi?aaeythuea nenoaiu ia aeaeaciiaei?iaeiii o?ainii?oa.
– 1998. -? 6. – N.68.

Eeiueeia A.A. Ioeaiea aiciiaeiinoe i?eiaiaiey ia?aaeaeaeiuo ianoa?neeo
ia iao?iiieeoaia // Eioi?iaoeeiiii-oi?aaeythuea nenoaiu ia
aeaeaciiaei?iaeiii o?ainii?oa. – 1999. -? 1. – N.38-39.

AIIIOAOeEss

Eeiueeia A.A. Niaa?oainoaiaaiea oaoiieiaee ianeoaeeaaiey e
aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey iai?oaeiaaiey aaaiiia iao?iiieeoaia. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.22.07 – iiaeaeaeiie ninoaa aeaeaciuo aei?ia e oyaa
iiacaeia. – Oa?ueeianeay ainoaea?noaaiiay aeaaeaiey aeaeaciiaei?iaeiiai
o?ainii?oa, Oa?ueeia, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai oai?aoe/aneeo e yenia?eiaioaeueiuo
enneaaeiaaiee ii i?iaeaia iiauoaiey iaaeaaeiinoe IN iao?iiieeoaia ia
aaca niaa?oainoaiaaiey oaoiieiaee aai ianeoaeeaaiey e aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey.

I?iaaaeai aiaeec nouanoaothuae nenoaiu ianeoaeeaaiey IN iao?iiieeoaia n
aiaeecii ?aiiioii?eaiaeiinoe aaaiiia; ?anniio?aiu aii?inu i?aaiecaoeee
iaoa?eaeueii-oaoie/aneiai niaaaeaiey ia Oa?ueeianeii iao?iiieeoaia, a
oaeaea eo acaeiinaycue n ianeoaeeaaieai e aeeaaiinoe?iaaieai.

Auiieiaiu enneaaeiaaiey aeeyiey aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey e ?aoeeiiaeueiiai
iaania/aiey caianiuie /anoyie ia oaoie/aneia ninoiyiea iai?oaeiaaiey
aaaiiia iao?iiieeoaia. Aeey eiee/anoaaiiie ioeaiee onoie/eainoe
ooieoeeiie?iaaiey nenoaiu OI e O? iao?iiieeoaia i?aaeeiaeaii
eniieueciaaoue eiyooeoeeaio aioiaiinoe EA eae eiiieaeniue, aeey ioeaiee
aacioeaciinoe e ?aiiioii?eaiaeiinoe.

?ac?aaioaia iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue eiee/anoaaiiie ioeaiee iaaeaaeiinoe
aaaiiia iao?iiieeoaia n onoaiiaeaieai ia?o?ooiie oaoiieiaee
ianeoaeeaaiey e aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey. Ii?aaeaeaia no?aoaaey ioeaiee
iinoaaie caianiuo /anoae aeey IN iao?iiieeoaia, i?aaeoniao?eaathuay
ianeieueei no?oeoo? i?aaiecaoeee niaaaeaiey caianiuie yeaiaioaie. A yoe
no?oeoo?u i?aaeeiaeaii aeeth/aoue oaeea ninoaaeythuea, eae: iaeeii/iue
eiiieaeo CEI, iaiaiiue oiiae e eiiieaeo caianiuo yeaiaioia ?aiiioiiai
i?aaia. I?aaeeiaeaia iaoiaeeea ?an/aoa CEI aeey ?aiiioe?oaiuo e
ia?aiiioe?oaiuo yeaiaioia, a oaeaea ioeaiea aai aeinoaoi/iinoe.

I?iaaaeaiu ?an/aou ii aeeaaiinoe/aneiio e iaoa?eaeueii-oaoie/aneiio
iaania/aieth yenieoaoaoeee IN iao?iiieeoaia. Ii?aaeaeaiu
aeeaaiinoe/aneea aana i?eciaeia e aeeaaiinoe/aneay oeaiiinoue
eioi?iaoeee, ia iniiaaiee eioi?uo ?ann/eoai CEI aeey ?aiiioe?oaiuo e
ia?aiiioe?oaiuo aeaoaeae e ii?aaeaeaia aai aeinoaoi/iinoue aeey
?acee/iuo ia?eiaeia yenieoaoaoeee. Iieo/aiu iiiia?aiiu, iicaieythuea
ii?aaeaeyoue eiee/anoai yeaiaioia CEI a caaeneiinoe io ia?aaioee e
eioaineaiinoe ioeacia a yenieoaoaoeee.

Yenia?eiaioaeueiia enneaaeiaaiea iinayuaii aea?iaeonoe/aneiio
aeeaaiinoe?iaaieth iiaeoeiieeia oyaiauo aeaeaaoaeae. Enneaaeiaaiea
niaeo?a aea?aoeee iiaeoeiieeiauo oceia i?iecaiaeeeinue ia niaoeeaeueiii
noaiaea n eniieueciaaieai aiia?aoo?u “A?theue e Eua?”. Iieo/aiiua
aeeaaiinoe/aneea i?eciaee aeaoaeoiiai e aacaeaoaeoiiai iiaeoeiieeia a
iecei/anoioiie /anoe niaeo?a, eioi?ua auee iieiaeaiu a iniiao i?e
nicaeaiee i?eai?ia aeey aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey yoeo oceia a yenieoaoaoeee.

I?eaaaeaiu i?eia?u i?aeoe/aneie ?aaeecaoeee ?acoeueoaoia enneaaeiaaiee
ii i?aaiecaoeee ?aaiou ia?aaeaeaeiie noaioeee ianeoaeeaaiey e
aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey e i?eiaiaiee ia?aiiniuo ii?oaoeaiuo aeeaaiinoe/aneeo
i?eai?ia; i?eaiaeyony aeaiiua ia yeiiiie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe aiaae?aiey
?acoeueoaoia ?aaiou.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aea?iaeonoe/aneay aeeaaiinoeea, aioiaiinoue,
aeeaaiinoe?iaaiea, aeinoaoi/iinoue, CEI, iao?iiieeoai, ianeoaeeaaiea,
iiaeaeaeiie ninoaa, i?eciae, oaoiieiaey.

AIIOAOe?ss

Eeiueeia A. A. Oaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?? ianeoaiaoaaiiy ?
ae?aaiinooaaiiy iaeaaeiaiiy aaaii?a iao?iiie?oaio. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.22.07 – ?ooiiee neeaae cae?cieoeue ? oyaa
ii?cae?a. – Oa?e?anueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo,
Oa?e?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aeine?aeaeaiith oaoiieia?? ianeoaiaoaaiiy ?
ae?aaiinooaaiith aaaii?a iao?iiie?oaio. ?ic?iaeai? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae?
e?euee?nii? ioe?iee iaae?eiino?, ae?aaiinoe/iiai oa
iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/iiai caaacia/aiiy. Aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?enay/aia a?a?iaeonoe/iiio ae?aaiinooaaiith i?aeoeiiee?a oyaiaeo
aeaeaoi?a.

Iaaaaeai? i?eeeaaee i?aeoe/ii? ?aae?caoe?? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue
c ae?aaiinooaaiiy oa canoinoaaiiy ia?aiinieo ae?aaiinoe/ieo i?eeaae?a;
iaaiaeyoueny aeai? i?i aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue i?aeoe/iiai
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: a?a?iaeonoe/ia ae?aaiinoeea, aioiai?noue,
ae?aaiinooaaiiy, aeinoaoi?noue, C?I, iao?iiie?oai, ianeoaiaoaaiiy,
?ooiiee neeaae, iciaea, oaoiieia?y.

THE SUMMARY

Linkov V.V. Perfection of technology of maintenance and diagnostics of
metro vans. – Manuscript.

The dissertation on a scientific degree of the candidate of technical
sciences on a specialty 05.22.07 – rolling — stock of railway and
traction of trans. – Kharkov State Academy of Railway Transport,
Kharkov, 1999.

The thesis is deviled to the investigation of the technology of
maintenance and diagnostics of metro vans. Models of quantitative
evaluation of reliability were elaborated, calculations of diagnostic
and material and technical maintenance were conducted. The experimental
research deals with the vibroacoustics diagnostics of bearings in
endings.

Practical realization of organizing maintenance and using diagnostic
instruments is given; data about economical efficiency of interdicting
the results of the work are given.

Key words: vibroacoustic diagnostics, availability, diagnostics,
sufficiency, spare parts, metro, maintenance, rolling stock, feature,
technology.

E?iueeia A?eoi? Aaneeueiae/

Oaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?? ianeoaiaoaaiiy ? ae?aaiinooaaiiy

iaeaaeiaiiy aaaii?a iao?iiie?oaio

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

A?aeiia?aeaeueiee ca aeione Aaaai?i I.A.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo

Oi?iao iaia?o 60o84 1/16 Iai?? ionaoiee.

Oiiai.-ae?oe. a?e. 1,0 Iae.-aeae. A?e. 1,25.

Caiiaeaiiy ?______. Oe?aae 100 i?ei.

Aeaeaaie/ee eiiiean Oa?AeACOo

310050, i.Oa?e?a, ie.Oae??aaoa, 7

PAGE 3

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