I?eaei?i?ianueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y aoae?aieoeoaa oa a?o?oaeoo?e

Aaeooei Aaeaioeia Ieaenaiae??aia

OAeE 7.092101

Oaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?? iaianaiiy aioeei?ic?eieo iie?eoo?a
aoae?aaeueieo eiino?oeoe?e

05.23.08 — oaoiieia?y i?iieneiaiai oa oeea?eueiiai aoae?aieoeoaa

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Aei?i?iiao?ianuee – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioo aeeiiaii a Caii??cuee?e aea?aeaai?e ?iaeaia?i?e aeaaeai??

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio,

I?eooea Noaiai
Oaaei?iae/ ,

Caii??cueei?
aea?aeaaii? ?iaeaia?ii? aeaaeai??,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
i?iieneiaiai oa oeea?eueiiai

aoae?aieoeoaa

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe : aeieoi? oaoii/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ei?iin Aieiaeeie?
Ieoaeeiae/,

I?eaei?i?ianueea
aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y aoae?aieoeoaa

oa a?o?oaeoo?e,
I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie,

i?ioani?

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo
iaoe

*a?ieeia Aai?a?e
Iao?iae/

CAO “
Oe?iiioaaeo?icaoeno”,

aaia?aeueiee
aee?aeoi?

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa Oa?eianueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoii/iee
oiiaa?neoao

aoaeiaieoeoaa oa
a?oioaeoo?e, eaoaae?a oaoiieia??

aoae?aaeueiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa, I?iinoa?noai inaioe

Oe?a?ie, i. Oa?eia

Caoeno aiaeaoaeaoueny “ _11_ ” aa?aciy__ 1999 ?. i “ 11 ” aiae.

ia caniaeaiii niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 08.085.03 i?e
I?eaeiii?ianueeie aea?aeaaiie

aeaaeaii? aoaeiaieoeoaa oa a?oioaeoo?e Iiiinoa?noaa inaioe Oe?a?ie, ca
aae?anith: 320600 i. Aeiii?iiao?ianuee, aoe. *a?ieoaanueeiai 24-a

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? IAeAA?A ca
aae?anith: 320600

i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, aoe. *a?ieoaanueeiai 24 — a

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?icineaiee _10 ethoiai 1999 ?.__

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii?

?aaee Oaeaiiee A.O.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe. ?aoe?iiaeueia aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?n?a aeiaaa?
iiaiai i?aeoiaeo aei aaaaoueio ieoaiue ainiiaea?thaaiiy.

Iiiaeaiiy i?iieneiaiai ae?iaie/iai iioaioe?aeo ia iniia? i?iaaaeaiiy
?aeiino?oeoe?? ? oaoi?/iiai ia?aiaeaaeiaiiy i?aei?e?inoa ?c
canoinoaaiiyi iiaeo oaoiieia?e, oea iaeei?iooee oeyo aei i?aeaeuaiiy
ye?niiai ??aiy ? eiieo?aioiini?iiiaeiino? a?o/eciyii? i?iaeoeoe??,
?ioaa?aoe?? aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie a ?a?iiaenueea ? Na?oiaa Ni?aoiaa?enoai,
aei oni?oiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy noa’?eo?a ae?iaieoeoaa a ?eieiaeo oiiaao.
Cae?eniaiiy ?aiiioii-a?aeiiaieo ?ia?o i?aei?e?inoa o aecia/ai? no?iee
cia/iith i??ith caeaaeeoue a?ae nai?/aniiai caaacia/aiiy ?o
aeinoaoiueith e?euee?noth oaoi?/ieo ?ano?n?a, iio?aaa a yeeo
aecia/a?oueny ia o?eueee ianyaii ?ia?o, aea e oiiaaie ae?iaieoeoaa.
Aoaeo/e niaoeeo?/iei aeaeii aoae?aaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa,
?aiiioii-a?aeiiai? ?iaioe aeeiiothoueny a a?eueo aaaeeeo oiiaao, ye?
nooo?ai aieeaathoue ia aoaeoeai?noue ?iaioe aoae?aaeueieo iaoei ?
iaeaaeiaiiy oa e?euee?niee neeaae canoiniaoaaieo ?ano?n?a.

Oiiae ae?iaieoeoaa ?aiiioii-a?aeiiaieo ?ia?o ia caaaeaee
oiiaeeeaeththoue canoinoaaiiy oeiiaeo iaoei, a?aeiieo oaoiieia?/ieo noai
aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o. Aeey ?aiiioii-a?aeiiaieo ?ia?o a oiiaao ae?th/iai
i?aei?e?inoaa o aaaeeiaeinooiieo i?noeyo iio??aii iaoe i?eioeeiiai iia?
noaie ? a?aeiia?aeia iaeaaeiaiiy, i?enoiniaaia aeey ?iaioe o
aaaeeiaeinooiieo i?noeyo , oa eiino?oeoe?? neeaaeii? eiio?ao?aoe?? ia
aenio?. Aeei?enoaiiy oeiiaiai iaai?o iaoai?ci?a cieaeo? aoaeoeai?noue
?oiueiai canoinoaaiiy, ciaioo? i?iaeoeoeai?noue, ca?eueooth/e
o?eaae?noue ?aiiioiiai oeeeeo ? aeo?aoe iaoa??ae?a.

?nioth/? iaoiaee aecia/aiiy iio?aa aoae?aieoeoaa a iaeaaeiaii? ia
aeicaieythoue iaeaaeiei /eiii a?aooaaoe oiiae ae?iaieoeoaa, i?eoaiaii?
?aiiioii-a?aeiiaiei ?iaioai, ioe?ieoe ?o aieea ia aoaeoeai?noue
aeei?enoaiiy.

Oea i?ecaiaeeoue aei iaaeiioe?iee iio?aa ?ano?n?a, ui iaaaoeaii
a?aeaeaa?oueny ia ?iaio? aoae?aaeueieo i?aai?caoe?e, yeino? ?ia?o.

I?ae /an ?aiiioii-a?aeiiaieo ?ia?o a?eueo aeooaeueieie noathoue ieoaiiy
??cii??aeiino?, ?icina?aaeaeaiino? ? ae??aiiia’?iiino? aeeiioaaieo
?ia?o. Aeeiiaiiy eiiieaeno ?ia?o, iaoa?aeoa?ieo aeey iiaiai
aoae?aieoeoaa: cai?ia ie?aieo eiino?oeoeaieo aeaiaio?a, cai?ia
aioeei?ic?eieo iie?eoo?a ia ie?aieo ae?eyieao oiui. An? ?iaioe
aeeiiothoueny o aaaeeeo oiiaao ae?th/iai oeaoo, ui iae/ano?oa nooo?ai
aieeaa? ia caaaeueio noaio i?aai?caoe?? ? oaoiieia?? ?ia?o. I?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? ?aiiioii-a?aeiiaieo ?ia?o caeaaeeoue a?ae ??aiy
iaoai?caoe??.

Oiiae ?aiiioieo ?ia?o o aaaeeiaeinooiieo i?noeyo a?aeaeaathoueny ia
i?eioeeiao oaoiieia?? iaoai?ciaaieo i?ioean?a ?c o?aooaaiiyi oaeoi??a
no?niaiino?, iaea?eueo o?oaeii?noeeie i?ioeanaie ?: i?aeaiooaaiiy
iiaa?oiiue ? iaianaiiy iie?eoo?a. Oiio ieoaiiy aeai?o ?aoe?iiaeueieo
aa??aio?a iaei? iaoai?caoe?? oeeo ?ia?o aecia/a? ??aaiue aenieoaoaoe??.
Ana oea aeiaaa? ?ic?iaeaiiy a?eueo aeineiiaeeo iaoai?ci?a iaei?
iaoai?caoe??.

I?ioean ?aiiioii-a?aeiiaieo ?ia?o ? neeaaeiei /a?ac a?eueoo
??ciiiai?oi?noue ia’?iii-ieaioaaeueieo ? eiino?oeoeaieo ae??oaiue. Oiio
neeaaeiith ? aaaeeeaith i?iaeaiith ? ?iaeono??ae?caoe?y ? i?aeaeuaiiy
yeino? caoeniiai iie?eooy a oiiaao ae?th/iai oeaoo.

Iane?aeeii aeuacaaaeaieo iniiaieo iniaeeainoae ? oa, ui a aoae?aaeueieo
i?aai?caoe?yo, ye? aeeiiothoue ia?aaaaeii ?aiiioii-a?aeiiai? ?iaioe a
1,5 ?ace ca?eueoothoueny aeo?aoe, iia’ycai? c i?aai?caoe??th oa
e?ea?aeaoe??th ?iai/eo i?noeue, a aeo?aoe ia aenieoaoaoe?th
ca?eueoothoueny a 1,5 — 3 ?ace ii??aiyii c iiaei aoae?aieoeoaii, ieoiia
nia?aa?o?noue c?inoa? a 1,2 — 1,4 ?ace. A?eueo?noue aniaeo?a ? oeyoe
ae??oaiiy ieoaiue iaianaiiy aioeei?ic?eieo iie?eoo?a a?aeia?aaeaii a
i?aoeyo a/aieo IAe?CA, IAe?AA, OeIAe? i?iiaoae?aaeue, Oa?e?anueeiai
I?iiaoaeIAe?i?iaeoo, CI IAe?AEo, IAe?AE i?noa Ee?aa oiui.

Aiae?c no/aniiai ??aiy oaoiieia?? aeeiiaiiy aioeei?ic?eieo i?ioean?a
aea? iiaeeea?noue aeae?eeoe iniiai? iai?yiee ?oiueiai oaeineiiaeaiiy ?
noi?ioethaaoe iaoo aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie oaiaie ?iaioa aeeiiaia aiaeiia?aeii c
eiiieaeniith i?ia?aiith eaoaae?e “Iie?auaiiy aeanoeainoae aoae?aaeueieo
iaoa??ae?a, ia?niaeoeaieo eiino?oeoe?e ooiaeaiaio?a, oaeineiiaeaiiy
oaoiieia?? oa i?aai?caoe?? aoae?aaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa” 21 – 1 AeA/ 96.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?? ? ?ic?iaeaiiy
iaeaaeiaiiy aeey iaianaiiy ie?aeiaeo iie?eoo?a iaoiaeii iiaai aoe/iiai
?icieethaaiiy.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe a aeena?oaoe?? iinoaaeaii ?yae caaea/:

1.Nenoaiaoecoaaoe ? eeaneo?eoaaoe oaoiieia?/i? noaie iaianaiiy caoenieo
iie?eoo?a aoae?aaeueieo eiino?oeoe?e, a oaeiae ioe?ieoe iiaeeea?noue
canoinoaaiiy ?o aeey iaianaiiy iie?eoo?a o aaaeeiaeinooiieo i?noeyo.

2.Anoaiiaeoe ?aoe?iiaeuei? oaoiieia?/i? ia?aiao?e iaianaiiy iie?eoo?a c
o?aooaaiiyi oiia aenieoaoaoe??.

3.?ic?iaeoe onoaiiaeo aeey iaianaiiy caoenieo iie?eoo?a c
?aaoeueiaaieie oaoiieia?/ieie ia?aiao?aie ? ?aaeeiaie.

4.Aeine?aeeoe ?iai/ee oeeee oaoiieia?/ieo iia?aoe?e ? ye?noue iaianaiiy
iie?eoo?a, aeeiiaieo ca aeiiiiiaith ?ic?iaeaii? onoaiiaee.

5.I?aeaiooaaoe ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey aeeiiaiiy
aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?ia?o ii iaianaiith aioeei?ic?eieo
iie?eoo?a; aeeiiaoe aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeuei? ?iaioe ii iaianaiith
caoeniiai iie?eooy a no?niaieo oiiaao ae?th/iai oeaoo.

6.?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo aeai?o ? eiiieaenii? ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino?
eaeioa?aiaeo iie?eoo?a.

Aeey ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaea/ aeei?enoaii oae? iaoiaee e aia?ao
aeine?aeaeaiue: eia?/iee, ii?oieia?/iee, eeaneo?eaoe?y, oei?caoe?y,
iaoaiaoe/ia noaoenoeea ? oai??y a??ia?aeiino?, ei?aeyoe?eii-?aa?aneaiee
aiae?c, nenoaiaoecaoe?y ? ocaaaeueiaiiy aeina?aeo.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa?:

q o aecia/aii? caeaaeiino? aoaeoeaiiai iaianaiiy ie?aeiaeo iie?eoo?a
a?ae oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a;

q o anoaiiaeaii? caeaaeiino? o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae ie?aeiaeo
iie?eoo?a a?ae oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a;

q a iaa?oioiaaii? iaeiaaaa?eoii? onoaiiaee aeey iaianaiiy caoenieo
eaeioa?aiaeo iie?eoo?a ? ceiiieo ianaaeie aei ia? aeey aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o o
aaaeeiaeinooiieo i?noeyo;

q o aecia/aii? aieeao oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a ia oa?i?i aenieoaoaoe??
iie?eoo?a.

Iaa?oioiaai?noue ? aeinoia??i?noue io?eiaieo iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a,
aeniiae?a ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny: aiae?cii ?
ocaaaeueiaiiyi cia/ii? e?eueeino? ?ia?o c oaoiieia?? aoae?aaeueiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa ? noai?aiiy iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae ? iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy
ieie; aaeaeaaoi?noth iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae aeei?enoaieo a iaoeiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiiyo caaaeyee ?o ei?aeoi?e iinoaiiaoe?; iiceoeaieie
?acoeueoaoaie ii??aiyiiy aeaieo oai?aoe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue; ai?iaaaeaeaiiyi ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe o ae?iaieoeoai ?
iaa/aeuei? ?ic?iaee.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? o aecia/aii?
eiie?aoieo oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a ? ?aaeei?a iaianaiiy ie?aeiaeo
iie?eoo?a; ?ic?iaeaii caniae ? niiniae iaianaiiy ie?aeiaeo iie?eoo?a,
oaoiieia?/i? noaie aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o o no?niaieo oiiaao; aeeiiaii
iaeiaaaa?eoi? onoaiiaee aeey iaianaiiy eaeioa?aiaeo iie?eoo?a c
iio??aieie oaoiieia?/ieie ia?aiao?aie; iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii
?aoe?iiaeuei? oaoiieia?/i? ia?aiao?e iaianaiiy iie?eoo?a ??cieo

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a — aaoi?ii aeeiiaii iaoiaee/i? ?ic?iaee,
iaea?aeaii ? i?iaiae?ciaaii ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, noi?ioeueiaaii ?aea? iniiaieo iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a, a
caeaaeiino? c yeeo ?o ? aoei aeei?enoaii.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?? . ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
aeiiia?aeaeeny ? io?eiaee iiceoeaio ioe?ieo ia iaoeiaeo nai?ia?ao
eaoaae? IOeA CAe?A, iaoeiai-ae?iaie/iio i?aei?e?inoa? «A?aiy», (i. I?oa,
?anioae?ea A?ea?onue, 1993), ?anioae?eainuee?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? (i.Iaeana, 1997), ia IV I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? (i.Ooa,
1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy a aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii a 10
iaae?oeiaaieo ?iaioao, c ieo 3 aaoi?nueeeo na?aeioeoaa, 1 iaoaio ia
aeiao?ae, 5 noaoae, 1 iaoiaee/i? aeac?aee aeey aeeieiiiiai i?iaeooaaiiy.

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeeiiaii aiae?c noaio iinoaaeaii? i?iaeaie ?
cae?eniaii iinoaiiaeo caaea/ oaoi?/iiai e aeiiii?/iiai oa?aeoa?o.
Aea/aii iaoiaee aeeiiaiiy aioeei?ic?eieo ?ia?o ii oaoiieia?/ieo
i?ioeanao: niiniaao i?aeaioiaee iiaa?oi? eiino?oeoe??, iaoiaeao
iaianaiiy iie?eoo?a.

?icaeoie ieoaiue oai??? ? i?aeoeee iaoiae?a iaianaiiy aioeei?ic?eieo
iie?eoo?a iaaaaeaii a i?aoeyo ?yaeo a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo. A
oeeo ?iaioao aoei ?icaeyiooi ieoaiiy iaianaiiy iie?eoo?a, ?oith
o??ueiino?ee?noue, oaoiieia?th aeaioiaeaiiy eaeioa?aiaeo iaoa??ae?a,
?oi? iniiai? o?ceei-o?i?/i? e iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino?, a oaeiae
iniaeeaino? aeanoeainoae iie?eoo?a, a oiio /ene? iaae?ei?noue a
aa?aneaieo na?aaeiaeuao, aeei?enoaiiy ??cieo iiaa?oiaai-aeoeaieo
aeiaaaie aeey i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? e aeiaaia?/iino? iie?eoo?a oiui.

Oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy ioiieth? aaeeeo e?euee?noue
oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a i?ioeano. A ?yae? ?ia?o /?oei i?inoaaeothoueny
oaiaeaioe?? aei aiae?co oa?aeoa?enoee, aeanoeainoae ? caeaaeiinoae,
oaeeo ye i?oei?noue, a?aenoaiue aei iaianaii? iiaa?oi?, eoo iioeeo
niiea, oaeaee?noue iiaeaiiai no?oiaiy oiui. Iaeiae, oe? ?iaioe ia
aeicaieeee ca’ycaoe a iaeia oe?ea aeanoeaino? iaoa??ae?a ? oaoiieia?th
aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o.

A ?iaioao oaeiae iaaeinoaoiuei i?eae?ey?oueny oaaae i?aeaeuaiith
aoaeoeaiino? caoenieo iie?eoo?a, ?ic?iaoe? i?ia?aneaii? oaoiieia??
aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o a noeniaieo oiiaao ae?th/iai i?aei?e?inoaa.

Aeeiiaii aiae?c ??cieo aeae?a iaoa??ae?a aeey aioeei?ic?eieo iie?eoo?a a
oiiaao ae?th/iai oeaoo i?ae /an ?aiiioii-a?aeiiaieo ?ia?o ? iiaiai
aoae?aieoeoaa. ?icaeyiooi oiiae oi?ioaaiiy caoenieo iie?eoo?a.

Ca e?oa?aoo?ieie aeaieie ? aeaieie caaiae?a aeeiiaii aiae?c aieeao
oaoiieia?/ieo oaeoi??a ia no?ie aenieoaoaoe?? aioeei?ic?eieo iie?eoo?a.

Iio??aii ?ic?iaeoe eiino?oeoe?th onoaiiaee ?c niaoe?aeueieie ianaaeeaie
aeey iaianaiiy aioeei?ic?eieo iie?eoo?a, eiioeaioe?th iaoiaeeee
eiiieaenii? ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? caoenieo iie?eoo?a c o?aooaaiiyi
oaoiieia?/ieo oaeoi??a.

I?aeoeea aenoaaea aeei?enoaiiy oe?ieiai iaai?o iaoa??ae?a a i?ioean?
aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o. Cie?aia, aeey ca?eueoaiiy i?oeiino? ? oiaueie
ie?aeiaiai iie?eooy iio??aii a?aoiaoaaoe oae? oaeoi?e, ye a’yce?noue
iaoa??aeo ? oiie?noue ia?aoe?aiiy c i?aiaioii aai aac i?aiaioo. Ci?iaiiy
oeeo oaeoi??a aai ?o cai?ithaaiiy aeeeeeaei ca?eueoaiiy ao?ao iaoa??aeo
? a ?yae? aeiaaee?a, ciaioaiiy i?oeiino?. Aieea oeeo oaeoi??a ua ia
iiai?noth aea/aii aeey oiia iaianaiiy caoenieo iie?eoo?a i?ae /an
?aiiioieo ?ia?o.

I?e ?aiiioii-a?aeiiaieo ?iaioao canoiniaothoueny ?nioth/? noaoe?iia?i?
onoaiiaee aeey iaianaiiy iie?eooy eaeioa?aiaeo iaoa??ae?a. Iaeiae /a?ac
aenieo i?iaeoeoeai?noue ?oi? aeei?enoaiiy iaaoaeoeaia.

Aeina?ae aenieoaoaoe?? ?nioth/iai iaeaaeiaiiy iieacaa, ui ye?ni?
iie?eooy iaea?aeothoue o?eueee a oiio aeiaaeeo, eiee aeeiio?oueny oe?ea
na??y iaiaaeaiue, iia’ycaieo c aeei?enoaiiyi niaoe?aeueiiai iaeaaeiaiiy,
ianaaeie niaoe?aeueii? eiino?oeoe??, neeaaeii aeo?aeii? ne?iaeie,
?aaeeiii iaianaiiy, eaae?o?eaoe?? ?ia?oiee?a oiui.

Ia aeoieo a?eueoino? aaoi??a, ia aeanoeaino? i?oeiino? ie?aeiaeo
iie?eoo?a ia?aaaaeii aieeaathoue oae? oaoiieia?/i? oaeoi?e, ye
a?aenoaiue a?ae niiea aei caoeuoaaii? iiaa?oi?, eoo iioeeo iiaea/?
iaoa??aeo, oaeaee?noue aeoiaeo no?oiaiy c niiea.

Iaeiae, /eneia? cia/aiiy aeuaaeacaieo oaeoi??a iathoue cia/i? iaae? ?
anoaiiaeai? c oe?eei ?yaeii iaiaaeaiue. Oea iiynith?oueny oei,ui
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeeny ia ??ciiio iaeaaeiaii? e aeei?enoiaoaaeeny
??ci? iaoa??aee.

Noai iiaa?oi? aaaaea?oueny iaeiei c iniiaieo oaeoi??a, ye? aieeaathoue
ia i?oei?noue ie?aeiaiai iie?eooy.

An? iaoiaee ia?iaeaiiy iiaa?oi? ni?yiiaai? ia iaea?aeaiiy /enoi?
iiaa?oi? aeey iaianaiiy iie?eooy. Ia iniia? aea/aiiy aieeao
oaoiieia?/ieo oaeoi??a aaoi? ae?eoia aeniiaeo, ui a i?ioean?
aenieoaoaoe?? oe? oaeoi?e aieeaathoue ia no?ie aenieoaoaoe?? caoeniiai
iie?eooy.

Anoaiiaeaii caeaaeiino? aieeao oiaueie e niinia?a iaianaiiy ia no?ie
aenieoaoaoe??, aieea niiniao i?aeaioiaee iiaa?oi? eiino?oeoe?e ? nooiaiy
aa?aneaiino? na?aaeiaeua ia no?ie aenieoaoaoe?? iie?eooy.

Aiae?c e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo ? aeaieo ianoaaeaiiy noaio aenieoaoiaaieo a
aa?aneaiiio na?aaeiaeu? eiino?oeoe?e iieacaa, ui ia oiiae oi?ioaaiiy
ie?aeiaeo iie?eoo?a aieeaathoue oaoiieia?/i? oaeoi?e (i/euaiiy iiaa?oi?
e iaoiaee iaianaiiy), oai??th oa i?aeoeeo yeeo iio??aii aaeineiiaethaaoe
e ?ic?iaeoe niaoe?aeueia iaeaaeiaiiy aeey iaianaiiy iie?eoo?a a oiiaao
ae?th/iai ae?iaieoeoaa i?ae /an ?aiiioii-a?aeiiaieo ?ia?o.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyaeathoueny oai?aoe/ii? aniaeoe aieeao
oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a i?ioean?a iaianaiiy ie?aeiaeo iie?eoo?a ia
i?aeaeuaiiy ?oiuei? yeino?.

I?e iaianaii? caoenieo iie?eoo?a ia iiaa?oith eiino?oeoe?e
a?aeaoaathoueny a?eueo? ao?aoe iaoa??aeo. Oea iia’ycaii c oe?eei ?yaeii
oaoiieia?/ieo oaeoi??a oaeeo, ye oaeaee?noue iiaea/? iaoa??aeo,
a?aenoaiue a?ae niiea aei iiaa?oi? noi?o?, ui iiaea?oueny, ae?aiao?a
aeo?aeiiai ioai?o, oeneo, a’yceino? iaoa??aeo, oiieino? ia?aoe?aiiy,
eooo ?icieeaiiy e ?ioeo oaeoi??a.

Aaoi?ii aoee i?iaaaeai? aenia?eiaioe, i?ae /an yeeo ci?ithaaeeny
cia/aiiy oeeo oaeoi??a ? c’yniaoaaany ?oi?e aieea ia i?oei?noue iie?eooy
(?en. 1).

Iaea?aeaii i?aenoieia? a?ao?ee caeaaeiino? i?oeiino? iie?eooy a?ae
oaeaeeino? iiaea/? iie?ia?ii? noi?o? ? e?eueeino? a?aeneieo. Ia a?ao?eao
?icoaoiaaii ciie ci?ie i?oeiino? ie?aeiaiai iie?eooy a?ae oaeaeeino?
iiaea/? noi?o?. A 1 cii? c? ca?eueoaiiyi oaeaeeino? iiaea/? noi?o? (a?ae
70 – 100 i/n) e?euee?noue a?aeneieo iaaea?, a i?oei?noue iie?eooy
ca?eueoo?oueny. I?e iaeeo cia/aiiyo oaeaeeino? iiaea/? noi?o ia
iiaa?oi? iaaeiou?eueith?oueny ? i?aeoe/ii an? ia?eoa??ei? /anoee oaeaea
no?oiaiy iio?aieythoue o a?aeneie. 2 ciia iaea?eueo ni?eyoeeaa, oiio
ui a i?e ca?eueoo?oueny aei iaeneioio i?oei?noue ie?aeiaiai iie?eooy e
ciaioo?oueny aei i?i?ioio e?euee?noue a?aeneieo i?e oaeaeeino? iiaea/?
noi?o? a?ae 110 – 140 i/n. A 3 cii? i?e a?eueoeo oaeaeeinoyo (140 – 160
i./n) iiaea/? noi?o? neea iia?o?yiiai no?oiaiy ia ou?eueith?, a ia/aaoi
?iciooo? ?ai?o ou?eueiaiee oa?, ae?eaath/e c oa?o /anoee, i?e oeueiio
e?euee?noue a?aeneieo ca?eueoo?oueny o ii??aiyii? c aeaieie io?eiaieie
i?e iaioeo oaeaeeinoyo no?oiaiy, ioaea i?oei?noue iie?eooy iaaea?. Aeey
io?eiaiiy iioeiaeueieo oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a i?e iaianaii? iie?eoo?a
a noeniaieo oiiaao iio??aia iaeaaeiaiiy c i?enoinoaaiiyie aeey
?aaoethaaiiy ?aaeei?a iiaea/? e iaianaiiy iaoa??ae?a iie?eooy.

Aaoi?ii aoei ?ic?iaeaii e aeaioiaeaii aeae?eueea aeae?a ianaaeie (niiae)
aeey aeeiiaiiy iaeaooi?o aeine?aeaeaiue, caoeuaieo iaoaioii ?
aaoi?nueeeie na?aeioeoaaie. Ia?aaaae oeeo ianaaeie a oiio, ui
i?aeaeuo?oueny ye?noue iaianaiiy iie?eooy aiane?aeie ?aaoethaaiiy eooa
iiaea/? noi?o?, ae?iaeaiiy iane noi?o? a iia?o?yiiio iioioe?, ui
i?ecaiaeeoue aei ca?eueoaiiy aeiaaia?/iino? iie?eooy, ioaea
ca?eueoo?oueny i?ae?aiiioiee no?ie aenieoaoaoe?? aoae?aaeue ? nii?oae.

Aeine?aeaeaii oi?ioaaiiy ie?aeiaiai iie?eooy a?ae aa?’thaaiiy eooa
iioeeo niiea e e?i?eiino? ia?ai?uaiiy oaeaea no?oiaiy. Aeeiiaiiy
oai?aoe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ni?aaaaeeea? i?e
oi?ioaaii? ie?aeiaiai iie?eooy ii aenio? i?e ?icaeyae? e?eueeio noai
ia?ai?uaiiy oaeaea: ia?iaiaeeeoey?ii-i?yiie?i?eiiai, e?oaiiiae?aii-
ia?iaiaeeeoey?iiai, iioeei-i?yiie?i?eiiai (?en. 2).*ei a?eueoee eoo
?ice?eooy oaeaea no?oiaiy, oei a?eueoee oaiaaioe?aeueiee aaeoi?
oaeaeeino? V2, yeee ni?ey? ca?eueoaiith ao?ao ia?eoa??eieo /anoie o
a?aeneie, oei iaioee oaea?iee ?iioeuen ? aeeaeia i?iieeiaiiy ?o, oei
ia??aiii??i?oa a?aeaoaa?oueny oi?ioaaiiy no?oeoo?e oa?o ie?aee.

Ci?ithth/e eiino?oeoe?th niiea, iiaeia aeiaeoeny ciaioaiiy ?ice?eooy
oaeaea no?oiaiy e iie?auaoe no?oeoo?o oi?iiaaiiai oa?o.

Cai?iiiiiaai? niiea a?aeiia?aeathoue oaoi?/iei oiiaai, ye?
caaacia/othoue iaae?ei?noue aaeaac??, ??aiii??i?noue oiaueie, iio??aio
oiaueio e i?i?iaeueiee aeiin iaoa??aeo, ui iaiineoueny,ca iaae?
iiaa?oi?.

Io?eiaii a?ao?ee caeaaeiinoae i?oeiino? e a?aeneieo a?ae eooo iioeeo ?
oiaueie iie?eaiiai oa?o (?en. 3). A ae?aiacii? eooo iioeeo a?ae 20 aei
45° iaeneioi i?oeiino? e i?i?ioi a?aeneieo i?e oiauei? ie?aee 75 iei,
oiaoi c? ca?eueoaiiyi eooo iioeeo c?inoa? i?oei?noue e cieaeo?oueny
e?euee?noue a?aeneieo.

Oai?aoe/i? aeai? aeia?a ocaiaeaeothoueny c aenia?eiaioaeueieie. Ia
iniia? oeeo aeaieo ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? caeaaeiino? i?oeiino?
a?ae eiiieaeniiai aieeao oaeoi??a.

y = ax3 + bx 2 +cx + d,

aea oi – eoo iioeeo; yi, j — ooieoe?? aaee/ei (? – e?euee?noue
a?aeneieo, ci?ith?oueny a?ae 1…n; j – i?oei?noue ie?aee, ci?ith?oueny
a?ae 1…m); a,b,c – eiao?oe??ioe i?e ci?ii?e; d – a?eueiee /eai, yeee
iieaco? iieiaeaiiy e?eaeo a nenoai? eii?aeeiao.

Io?eiai? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? aeicaieythoue aecia/aoe e ioe?ithaaoe ye
eiiieaeniee aieea an?o oaeoi??a ia ia?aiao?e iioei?caoe??, oae ? ie?ai?
oaeoi?e aai ?oi? a?oie.

Eiao?oe??ioe io?eiaieo iie?iii?a ? /anoeiieie iio?aeieie ooieoe?yie
a?aeaoeo ii a?aeiia?aeieo ci?iieo. ?oi?e aaiiao?e/iee niene – oaiaaine
eoo?a iioeeo aei in? o. A?eueoee ca aaniethoiith aaee/eiith eiao?oe??io
a?aeiia?aea? a?eueoiio eooo iioeeo, ioaea a?eueo nooo?a?e ci?i?
ia?aiao?o iioei?caoe?? i?e ci?i? aeaiiai oaeoi?a. ?ioeie neiaaie,
aaee/eia eiao?oe??ioa ?aa?an?? — e?euee?nia i??a oeueiai yaeua. *ei
a?eueoee eiao?oe??io, oei neeuei?oa aieeaa? oaeoi?. Ciaee «+» ? «-»
iieacothoue iieiaeaiiy e?eaeo a nenoai? i?aeeiao.I?e oeueiio, a eiaeiiio
ie?aiiio aeiaaeeo a?aoiaoaaany iaeei, ie?aii acyoee oaeoi?, a an? ?io?
i?eeiaeeny c iaea?eueo ni?eyoeeaei (min) aieeaii.

Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aaoi?ii cai?iiiiiaaii ?yae
ianaaeie, caoeuaieo iaoaioii ? aaoi?nueeeie na?aeioeoaaie, c ieo
aeaioiaeaii aeaa c?acee ca aeaiia cayaeaie, ? a iiaeaeueoiio oe? c?acee
ianaaeie aeei?enoiaoaaeeny aeey ae??oaiiy oe?eiai ?yaeo caaea/,
aeine?aeaeaiue.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? – ?ic?iaeaii eiino?oeoe?? onoaiiaie ii oaoiieia??
iaianaiiy ie?aeiaeo iie?eoo?a a oiiaao ae?th/iai i?aei?e?inoaa.

Onoaiiaee ?ic?iaeaii a aeaio aa??aioao: ?aioeaaa e iia?eueia ia?anoaia
ia eieanao. Aeey iie?auaiiy ?iaioe onoaiiaee aoei ?ic?iaeaii ?
aeaioiaeaii ??ci? aa??aioe niiae. Aei?iaoaaiiy onoaiiaie i?iaiaeeeeny c?
niaoe?aeueii i?ae?a?aieie noi?oaie iaoa??ae?a, ye? /anoi
canoiniaothoueny aeey caoenoo aoae?aaeueieo eiino?oeoe?e a?ae ei?ic??.

Onoaiiaee aeeiioaaeeny a e?eueea aoai?a aeey oiai, uia aecia/eoe
iio??aio noaio.

Ia iniia? aea?aii? noaie ?ic?iaeyeany oaoi?/ia
aeieoiaioaoe?y ? aeine?aeiee

c?acie, yeee aeei?enoiaoany aeey iiaeaeueoeo aeine?aeaeaiue. Aecia/aeeny
oaoiieia?/i? ia?aiao?e onoaiiaee, a naia aeo?aoe iaoa??aeo, eoo
?icieeaiiy e i?iaeoeoeai?noue (oaae.).

Oaoi?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee ?icieethaaeueieo ianaaeie (niiae) aeey

eaeioa?aiaeo iaoa??ae?a

Eoo ?icieeaiiy , a?aae, Aeiaaeeia a?aeaeoeaa oaeaeo,

Ii,

Aeo?aoe iaoa??aeo e/oa a caeaaeiino? a?ae aeeaiao?o aeo?aeiiai ioai?o,
iiI?e a?aenoai?, ni50

751001250,380,40,450,53 201201241301500,380,570,721,14
40145149156180-0,590,841,16
60170175183210-0,721,111,54
80195200210240-0,741,121,56Aaoi?ii aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui aeo?aoe
iaoa??aeo caeaaeaoue a?ae oaeeo oaoi?/ieo ia?aiao??a, ye ae?aiao?
aeo?aeiiai ioai?o, a’yce?noue iiaeaii? noi?o?, nooi?iue aeenia?niino?,
oaiia?aoo?a, oene, eoo ?icieeaiiy. Iniiai? oaoi?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee
iaoa??aeo aecia/aeeny aeo?aeiith ne?iaeiith. ?icaeyaeaeeny ??ci?
aa??aioe ie?aeiaiai iie?eooy a caeaaeiino? a?ae a’yceino? aeo?aeii?
ne?iaeie ? eooa ?icieeaiiy. I?e oeueiio eoo ?icieeaiiy ci?ithaaany o
iaaeao a?ae 20 aei 80°.

Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaa, ui:

— ?c ca?eueoaiiyi aeo?aeiiai ioai?o ca?eueoothoueny aeo?aoe
iaoa??aeo i?e

iaei?e ? o?e nai?e a’yceino? o 2 – 3 ?ace;

— ?c ci?iaiiyi eooa ?icieeaiiy c 20 aei 80 a?aae.
ci?iththoueny aeo?aoe

iaoa??aeo i?e iaeiiio e oiio naiiio ae?aiao?? aeo?aeiiai ioai?o o 1.5
?ace;

— ?c ci?iaiiyi a’yceino? (50 – 120 n) ci?iththoueny aeo?aoe
iaoa??aeo a 1.2

1.5 ?ace c ?aaoethaaiiyi ae?aiao?o aeo?aeiiai ioai?o.

Io?eiaii a?ao?ee caeaaeiino? aeo?ao iaoa??aeo a?ae ae?aiao?a aeo?aeiiai
ioai?o (aeey na?aaeiueia’yceeo iaoa??ae?a) i?e ??cieo eooao iioeeo
niiea.

I?e iaianaii? ie?aeiaiai iie?eooy aaaeeeaeie oaoiieia?/ieie oaeoi?aie ?
eoo ?icieeaiiy ? aeiaaeeia a?aeaeoea oaeaea.

Ci?ithth/e eiaeio c oeeo aaee/ei, aecia/eee ?ici?? ieyie.

Ia iniia? io?eiaieo aeaieo iiaoaeoaaee a?ao?ee caeaaeiinoae aeiaaeeie
a?aeaeoea oaeaea a?ae aenioe ? eooa ?icieeaiiy oaeaea.

A /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? ia iniia? aiae?co oaoiieia?/ieo oaeoi??a, ye?
aieeaathoue ia caoeni? iie?eooy aoae?aaeueieo eiino?oeoe?e, ui
aenieoaoothoueny a aa?aneaieo na?aaeiaeuao, ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo
eiiieaenii? ioe?iee aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? aioeei?ic?eieo iie?eoo?a.

Iaoiaeeea neeaaea?oueny c aeaio aca?iiiica’ycaieo aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ieo
caaea/: -ioe?iea ii??aiyeueii? aoaeoeaiino? aioeei?ic?eieo iie?eoo?a;
-aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueieo no?ie?a aenieoaoaoe?? caoenieo iie?eoo?a.

Ioe?iea ii??aiyeueii? aoaeoeaiino? a?aoiao?: ae?iaieoeoai aioeei?ic?eieo
iie?eoo?a; aea?? caoenieo iie?eoo?a ia noaae?? i?iaeooaaiiy aeey
canoinoaaiiy ia eiie?aoieo ia’?eoao.

Nooi?iue aeiiii?/ii? cia/eiino? ??oaiue, i?eeiyoeo ca ?acoeueoaoaie
oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue a ia?oiio ? a ae?oaiio aeiaaeeao
??ciee. Oeei iaoiiaeth?oueny ? ??cieoey o aeiiaao aei aeeaeie ?ic?iaee
ieoaiiy, ui a naith /a?ao ia?aaeaa/a? a eiaeiiio aeiaaeeo na?e
iaoiaeieia?/iee i?aeo?ae.

A caeaaeiino? a?ae iaoe oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeey
aecia/aiiy iiaieo aeo?ao ae?iaieoeoaa aaoi?ii i?iiiiothoueny oae?
oi?ioee:

— i?e aeai?? iai?yie?a ?icaeoeo
iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ii? aace ii

ae?iaieoeoao aioeei?ic?eieo iie?eoo?a

I1 = Ie + Ii + Iaeiae + Ia ;
(1)

— i?e aeai?? aeaeo aioeei?ic?eiiai iie?eooy aeey
canoinoaaiiy a

eiie?aoiiio ia’?eo? (ia aoae?aaeueiiio iaeaeai/eeo)

I2 = Ie + Ii + Iaoae.i. + Ia + Ii ,
( 2)

aea Ie, Ii, Iaeiae, Ia, Iaoae.i. — a?aeiia?aeii? /anoeie iiaieo aeo?ao
ae?iaieoeoaa, ui caeaaeaoue a?ae aeo?ao ia ae?iaieoeoai eiino?oeoe?e c
aioeei?ic?eiei iie?eooyi ia caaiae? (Ie); eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue a aaco
(Ii); aeiaeaoeiaeo aeo?ao ii iaianaiith aioeei?ic?eieo iie?eoo?a i?ney
iiioaaeo eiino?oeoe?e ? caa?thaaiiy (Iaeiae); aenieoaoaoe?eieo aeo?ao
(Ia); aeo?ao ia onoaoeoaaiiy e iaianaiiy iie?eoo?a ia aoae?aaeueiiio
iaeaeai/eeo (Iaoae.i.); /anoeia aeo?ao, ye? a?aoiaothoue aeiiii?/iee
aoaeo a?ae aeino?ieiaiai aaaaeaiiy ia’?eoa a aenieoaoaoe?th (Ii).

Aeey i?aeo?eiaiiy aenieoaoaoe?eieo yeinoae i?iieneiaeo aoaeeie?a
aeeiiothoueny eai?oaeuei? e iioi/i? ?aiiioe.

Aeo?aoe, ye? cae?eniththoueny a i?ioean? aenieoaoaoe?? neeaaeathoueny ?c
aeo?ao: a) ia cai?io (a?aeiiaeaiiy) caoeniiai iie?eooy; a) ia iioi/i? e
eai?oaeuei? ?aiiioe.

a) Aaee/eia aeo?ao ia a?aeiiaeaiiy iie?eoo?a aecia/a?oueny ca oi?ioeith

ce-1

Iy = Nye / (1 + Ai) Oci = Cce
(3)

i=1

aea Nye – aa?o?noue cai?ie noa?iai aioeei?ic?eiiai iie?eooy, no?ie
aenieoaoaoe?? yeiai cae?i/eany, iiaei, a?i.; Oc – /an a?ae ii/aoeo
aenieoaoaoe?? aei i-i? cai?ie noa?iai aioeei?ic?eiiai iie?eooy iiaei,
??e; (ce-1) – e?euee?noue a?aeiiaeaiue aioeei?ic?eieo iie?eoo?a ca
ia??iae no?ieo aenieoaoaoe?? aoaeeiea; Ai – ii?iaoea i?eaaaeaiiy
??cii/aniaeo aeo?ao, yeee i?eeia?oueny a ?ic?aooieao a?aeiia?aeii oaeei,
ui aei??aith? 0,08.

E?euee?noue a?aeiiaeaiue aioeei?ic?eieo iie?eoo?a ca ia??iae no?ieo
neoaeae aoaeeiea aecia/a?oueny ca oi?ioeith

(ce-1) = (On / Oce — 1) ,
(4)

aea On – no?ie aenieoaoaoe?? aoaeeiea, eiino?oeoe?? yeiai caoeuathoueny
a?ae ei?ic??, ??e; Oce – no?ie aenieoaoaoe?? aioeei?ic?eiiai iie?eooy,
??e.

Aeey aecia/aiiy no?ie?a aenieoaoaoe?? aioeei?ic?eiiai iie?eooy (te?,
ti?) i?ae /an aenieoaoaoe?? aoaeeiea aeeiiaii aiae?c oaeoi??a, ui
aieeaathoue ia iueiai.

Aeeiiaiee aiae?c oaeoi??a aeicaiey? neeanoe a?iioaoe/iee a?ao?e no?ie?a
aenieoaoaoe?? aioeei?ic?eieo iie?eoo?a a caeaaeiino? a?ae nooiaiy
aa?aneaiino? na?aaeiaeua ? oiaueie iie?eooy.

sse i?eeeaae iaaaaeaii a?ao?ee – eai?oaeuei? aeeaaeaiiy, aenieoaoaoe?ei?
aeo?aoe e noia?i? iiai? aeo?aoe ae?iaieoeoaa aeey noaeueii? eieiie c
oeeieiaei iie?eooyi, yea aenieoaoo?oueny a neaaiaa?aneaiiio na?aaeiaeu?.

C iaoith caaacia/aiiy i?i?i?ciaaii? ooieoe?? cao?ao ia aenieoaoaoe?ei?
aeo?aoe (eai?oaeueiee ?aiiio ? iiaia a?aeiiaeaiiy) aeene?aoi? ca nai?i
oa?aeoa?ii a?aoiaothoueny o aeae? ??/ieo aii?oecaoe?eieo a?ae?aooaaiue.

I?eaaaeaiiy aei ?aeeiiai iiiaioo /ano aeo?ao, ?iciiae?eaieo ca
i?eeiyoith noaiith, aea? e?euee?nii ?ioee ?acoeueoao, i?ae i?e ?aaeuei?e
noai?.

Aaoi? i?iiiio? iieeanoe a iniiao ?ic?aooie?a ?aaeueio noaio ?iciiae?eo
aeene?aoieo ? iioi/ieo aeo?ao.

Aeey eiaeiiai aeaeo eiino?oeoe?? (eieii, oa?i, aaeie, ieeo iie?eooy,
ia?ae?eooy) aoei neeaaeaii oae? a?ao?ee a caeaaeiino? a?ae nooiaiy
aa?aneaiino? na?aaeiaeua (neaaeee, na?aaei?e, neeueiee); a?ae aeaeo
iie?eooy (eaeioa?aiaiai, iaoae?caoe?eiiai, eiia?iiaaiiai). Io?eiaia
caeaaei?noue noia?ieo iiaieo aeo?ao ae?iaieoeoaa a?ae no?ie?a
aenieoaoaoe?? aeey o?ueio na?aaeiaeu (na?aaeiueiai, neaaeiai ?
neeueiiai).

Aiae?c aieeao oaoiieia?/ieo oaeoi??a ia no?ie aenieoaoaoe?? iie?eoo?a
aeicaieea anoaiiaeoe ?aeeiee e?eoa??e – aeiiii?/ii iioeiaeueiee no?ie
neoaeae aioeei?ic?eieo iie?eoo?a, yeee aecia/a?oueny /a?ac
i?i?i?caoe?th ooieoe?? iiaieo aeo?ao ae?iaieoeoaa ca oi?ioeith

y = ax2 + bx + c – min
(5)

Iiooee iiiaioo /ano, eiee iiai? aeo?aoe ae?iaieoeoaa aoaeooue iaoe
i?i?iaeueia cia/aiiy, – ca iaoiaeii iaeiaioeo eaaae?ao?a, yeee iieyaa? a
oiio, ui ca caaeaieie oi/eaie x ? y , io?eiaieie aenia?eiaioaeueiei
oeyoii, ciaoiaeeii oae? cia/aiiy a, b ? c, ye? ai?ieneiothoue caaeaio
aenia?eiaioaeueio e?eao.

Iaea?aeo?ii nenoaio ??aiyiue, ?ica’ycaaoe oeth nenoaio, io?eia?ii ae?ac

x = a/2a ,
(6)

aea x – aeiiii?/ii iioeiaeueiee no?ie aenieoaoaoe?? aioeei?ic?eiiai
iie?eooy; a, a – eiao?oe??ioe, ui iieacothoue iieiaeaiiy e?eai? a
ieine?e nenoai? i?aeeiao; n – a?aenoaiue a?ae in? y aei i?i?iaeueiiai
cia/aiiy x .

a) aenieoaoaoe?ei? aeo?aoe (Ia), iia’ycai? c iioi/iei (Ii?) ?
eai?oaeueiei (Ie?) ?aiiioaie aecia/athoueny ca oi?ioeaie

Ia = Ii? + Ie? ,
(7)

i?-1

Ii? = Ni? / (1 + Aii) ti? ,
(8)

n=1

e?-1

Ie? = Ne? / (1 + Aii) te? ,
(9)

=1

aea Ni? – nia?aa?o?noue iaeiiai iioi/iiai ?aiiioo, a?i./i2 iiaa?oi?
eiino?oeoe??;

Ne? – oa naia eai?oaeueiiai ?aiiioo, a?i./i2 iiaa?oi?
eiino?oeoe??;

ti?, te? – no?ie aenieoaoaoe?? ?-ai aioeei?ic?eiiai iie?eooy
a?aeiia?aeii iioi/iiio ? eai?oaeueiiio ?aiiioai, ??e;

(e?-1) – e?euee?noue eai?oaeueieo ? iioi/ieo ?aiiio?a ca
aanue no?ie;

(i?-1) – no?ie aenieoaoaoe?? aoaeeiea (aac o?aooaaiiy
inoaiiueiai ?aiiioo).

E?euee?noue eai?oaeueieo ? iioi/ieo ?aiiio?a aecia/a?oueny ca oi?ioeaie

(e?-1) = (On / Oe? — 1) ,
(10)

(i?-1) = (On / Oi? — 1) ,
(11)

aea Oe? – ia??iaee/i?noue eai?oaeueieo ?aiiio?a ca aanue no?ie
aenieoaoaoe?? aoaeeiea;

Oi? – ia??iaee/i?noue iioi/ieo ?aiiio?a ca no?ie
aenieoaoaoe?? aoaeeiea;

On – no?ie aenieoaoaoe?? aoaeeiea.

?ic?iaeaia aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue aeai?o iioeiaeueiiai aa??aioo
eiino?oeoeaieo ??oaiue c caoenieie iie?eooyie aeey aoaeeiea a oe?eiio c
o?aooaaiiyi ii/aoeiai? aa?oino? ? aenieoaoaoe?eieo aeo?ao aecia/a?oueny
ca noiith iaeneiaeueii iiaieo aeo?ao ae?iaieoeoaa.

Caaea/a ?ica’yco?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith aeaeo?iiii-ia/enethaaeueii?
oaoi?ee.

Caaaeuei? aeniiaee

Ia iniia? aeeiiaieo a ?iaio? aeine?aeaeaiue iaea?aeaii oae? iaoeia?
aeniiaee e ?acoeueoaoe:

1.Iieacaii, ui ?aiiioii-a?aeiiai? ?iaioe i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa
a?ae??ciythoueny aenieei nooiaiai o?oaeiiu?a, neeaaeieie oiiaaie
aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o, ui nooo?ai aieeaathoue ia neeaae iaeaaeiaiiy e
aoaeoeai?noue eiai aeei?enoaiiy. Aeey oni?oii? ?iaioe i?ae?yaei?
aoae?aaeuei? i?aai?caoe?? iiaeii? iaoe a nai?io a?naiae? aoaeoeaiee
?ino?oiaio aeey ioe?iee oaoiieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o o
aaaeeiaeinooiieo i?noeyo ae?th/iai i?aei?e?inoaa.

2.Iaa?oioiaaii oa ?ic?iaeaii iaeiaaaa?eoi?, o?ainii?oaaaeuei? onoaiiaee
ii oaoiieia?? iaianaiiy aioeei?ic?eieo iie?eoo?a o no?niaieo oiiaao.

3.Aecia/aii oaoiieia?/i? ia?aiao?e onoaiiaie aeo?aoe iaoa??aeo,ae?aiao?
aeo?aeiiai ioai?o, eoo iioeeo, aeiaaeeia a?aeaeoea oaeaea,
i?iaeoeoeai?noue onoaiiaee ?aioeaai? – 0.25 i3/a, ia?anoaii? onoaiiaee –
0.5 i3/a.

4.Iaea?aeaii caeaaeiino?, ye? anoaiiaeththoue aca?iica’ycie i?ae
?icaeyiooeie oaeoi?aie ? ia?aiao?aie, ui aeicaiey? iaa?oioiaaii
aecia/eoe nooi?iue aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?n?a i?e ae??oaii?
i?aeoe/ieo caaea/.

5.Anoaiiaeaii caeiiii??iino? aca?iiae?? ?icaeyiooeo oaoiieia?/ieo
oaeoi??a:?c ca?eueoaiiyi aeo?aeiiai ioai?o ca?eueoothoueny aeo?aoe
iaoa??aeo i?e iaei?e ? o?e nai?e a’yceino? o 2 — 3 ?ace;

— ?c ci?iaiiyi eooa ?icieeaiiy c 20 aei 800 ci?iththoueny aeo?aoe
iaoa??aeo i?e iaeiiio e oiio naiiio ae?aiao?? ioai?o ? o?e nai?e
a’yceino?;

— ?c ci?iaiiyi a’yceino? (50 – 120 n) ci?iththoueny aeo?aoe
iaoa??aeo a1,2 – 1,5 ?ace c ?aaoethaaiiyi ae?aiao?o aeo?aeiiai ioai?o;

— ia aeiaaeeio a?aeaeoea oaeaea aieeaa? eoo ?icieeaiiy ?
a?aenoaiue a?ae niiea aei iiaa?oi?, ui iie?eaa?oueny.

6.Ia iniia? aiae?co ?ano?nieo ? /aniaeo iaiaaeaiue aecia/aii
aaaaoioaeoi?i? iiaeae? oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a iaianaiiy ai oeei?ic?eieo
iie?eoo?a. Io?eiaii caeaaeiino? i?oeiino? ie?aee a?ae eooa iioeeo ?
oiaueie iie?eaiiai oa?o, aecia/aii oai?aoe/i? ? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai?
/a?ac aaciina?aaei? aei??thaaiiy e?eueeino? a?aeneieo a i?ioean?
iaianaiiy iie?eooy ia aa?oeeaeueio iiaa?oith.

7.?ic?iaeaii oai?aoe/i? iniiae oi?ioaaiiy ie?aeiaiai iie?eooy Aeey
ca?eueoaiiy i?oeiino? ? oiaueie iie?eooy iio??aii a?aoiaoaaoe ?yae
oaeoi??a (oaeeo ye eoo ?ice?eooy oaeaea no?oiaiy, oaeaee?noue iiaea/?
no?oiaiy oiui), ci?iaiiy iaeiiai c ieo aai cai?ia aeeeeea? ca?eueoaiiy
caeoe?a, a a ?yae? aeiaaee?a ? ciaioaiiy i?oeiino?, ui aieeaa? ia
ye?noue ie?aeiaeo iie?eoo?a, ? a?aoo?-?aoo, ia ?oi?e no?ie neoaeae.

8.Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaee eiiieaenii? ioe?iee aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?
caoenieo iie?eoo?a c o?aooaaiiyi oaoiieia?/ieo oaeoi??a ? oiia aeeiiaiiy
aioeei?ic?eieo ?ia?o.

9.Aeeiiaii ai?iaaoe?th iaoiae?a iaianaiiy e?aeiaiai iie?eooy c
aeei?enoaiiyi cai?iiiiiaaieo onoaiiaie c ianaaeeaie, caoeuaieo iaoaioii
? 23542 a?ae 02.06.98 ? aaoi?nueeeie na?aeioeoaaie ? 1756502 a?ae
22.04.92, ? 1796758 a?ae 08.10.92, ? 1812288 a?ae 10.10.92 ?., i?e
?aiiioii-a?aeiiaieo ?iaioao a eeaa?iiio oeaoo IAI «A?aiy» i.I?oa,
?anioae?ea A?ea?onue. Aeiiii?/iee aoaeo aeei?enoaiiy iaoa??aeo
aeaii? aeena?oaoe?? noaiiaeoue 15 oen. e?a. (a oe?iao 1984 ?.).

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? aeeiiaii a ?iaioao

1.Aaeooei A.I. ?ic?iaea onoaoeoaaiiy aeey caoenoo iaeaaeiaiiy a?ae
ei?ic?? //40527 I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee. Iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy oa
oaoi?/i? iaoee 1998. ? 12(79) n. 24

2.Aaeooei A.I. Niiei aeey iaianaiiy o?eeiiiiiaioii? noi?o?.//40527
I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee. Iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy oa oaoi?/i? iaoee
1998 ?5(72) n?/aiue.n. 44

3. Aaeooei A.I. I?eooea N.O. Onoaoeoaaiiy aeey iaianaiiy oaeo/i?
noi?o?// 40527 I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee. Iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy oa
oaoi?/i? iaoee 1998 ?24(91 aa?acaiue) n25 (aaoi?ii cai?iiiiiaaii
ii?iaeienoee aae c ia?ai?ooaaeueieie aeaiaioaie ia ciai?oi?e iiaa?oi?
).

4.Aaeooei A.I. «Oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy iaeueiaiai
ooiaeaiaioo//Ca??iee i?aoeue 4 I?aeia?iaeii? eiioa?aioe?? c i?iaeai
iaeueiaiai ooiaeaiaioiaoaeoaaiiy.i.Ooa oii 3 1998?. — 23

5.Aaeooei I.I. , Aeii/aiei I.I., Aaeooei A.I. «Iniaeeaino?
oaoiieia?/iiai ? oaoi?/iiai ae??oaiiy iaeueiaeo ooiaeaiaio?a»// Ca??iee
i?aoeue 4 I?aeia?iaeii? eiioa?aioe?? c i?iaeai iaeueiaiai
ooiaeaiaioiaoaeoaaiiy. i.Ooa oii 3 1998?. – 28

6.Iaoiaee/i? aeac?aee ii aecia/aiith aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? o
aeeieiiieo ?iaioao iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai oa?aeoa?o aeey nooaeaio?a
niaoe?aeueiino? 7.092101, «I?iieneiaa oa oeea?eueia aoae?aieoeoai»,
Caii??aeaey CAe?A 1997 ?. n.28

7.Aao.na. ? 1756502 A1 N?N?, ee. A 04 F 21/02, 1990 ?. «Onoaoeoaaiiy
aeey iaa?eceo oaeo/i? noi?o?». N 4839683/33; Cayaeaii 18.06.90 , Athe. ?
31 — 199

8.Aao.na. ? 1812288 A1 N?N?, ee. A 04 F 21/02, 1991 ?. «Onoaoeoaaiiy
aeey iaa?eceo aeaioeiiiiiaioieo noi?oae» ? 4923531/33; Cayaeaii
01.04.91, iioae 30.04.93, Athe. ? 16 — 199

9.Aao.na. N?N? ? 1796758 A1, ee. A 04 F 21/02, 1991 ?. «Onoaoeoaaiiy
aeey iaa?eceo oaeo/i? noi?o?» ? 4898175/33; Cayaeaii 02.01.91, iioae.
23.02.93, Athe. ? 7 — 199

10.Iaoaio ? 23542 A, A05N5/00, 1998 ? ia «I?eno??e aeey
iai?eneoaaiiy». Cayaeaii 28.05.97.

Aaeooei A.I. Oaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?? iaianaiiy aioeei?ic?eieo
iie?eoo?a. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.23.08-oaoiieia?y i?iieneiaiai ? oeea?eueiiai
aoae?aieoeoaa, I?eaei?i?ianueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y aoae?aieoeoaa oa
a?o?oaeoo?e, Aei?i?iiao?ianuee 1998 ?.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi a yeeo iiaeaii eiioeaioe?th oaoi?/ieo
ia?aiao??a ? iniaeeaino? oaoiieia?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy aeei?enoiaoaaiiiai
aeey iaianaiiy caoenoieo iie?eoo?a o aaaeeiaeinooiieo i?noeyo ae?th/iai
i?aei?e?inoaa. ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeaee, aeai?eoie ? eiii’thoa?i?
i?ia?aie. . I?iaaaeaii aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioioeio
cai?iiiiiaaii? onoaiiaee c? niaoe?aeueieie ianaaeeaie. Noai?aii
iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaio iiaeaeue aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy aioeei?ic?eieo
iie?eoo?a. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe i?aoe? ciaeoee i?iieneiaa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
i?e aenieoaoaoe?? i?eno?i?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aioeei?ic?ei? iie?eooy, e?euee?noue a?aeneieo, oaeae
no?oiaiy, iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue, aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Aaeooei A. A. Niaa?oainoaiaaiea oaoiieiaee iaianaiey aioeei??iceiiiuo
iie?uoee. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.23.08 — oaoiieiaey i?iiuoeaiiiai e a?aaeaeaineiai
no?ieoaeuenoaa. I?eaeiai?ianeay aeaaeaiey a?aaeaeaineiai
no?ieoaeuenoaa e a?oeoaeoo?u, Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1999 a.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ii?aaeaeaieth iioeiaeueiuo ia?aiao?ia
oaoiieiae/aneiai i?ioeanna iaianaiey ieaii/iuo iaoa?eaeia iaoiaeii
iiaaiaoe/aneiai ?aniueaiey n eniieueciaaieai yenia?eiaioaeueiiai
iai?oaeiaaiey. Aeey aeinoeaeaiey yoie oeaee iaiaoiaeeii auiieieoue ?yae
caaea/: 1.onoaiiaeoue iioeiaeueiua oaoiieiae/aneea ia?aiao?u iaianaiey
iie?uoey i?e ?aiiioiuo ?aaioao; 2. ?ac?aaioaoue onoaiiaeo e ianaaeee e
iae; 3. io?aaioaoue ?aai/ee oeeee ?aiiioiuo iia?aoeee n iiiiuueth
?ac?aaioaiiie onoaiiaee; 4. iiaeaioiaeoue ?aeiiaiaeaoeee aeey
i?iecaiaenoaa iiuoii-yenia?eiaioaeueiuo ?aaio ii iaianaieth
aioeei??iceiiiuo iie?uoee.

Ana iaoa?eaeu aeaeyony ia o?e iai?aaeaiey: — iaoaeee/aneea
eiino?oeoeeiiiua iaoa?eaeu (aeaeacioaea?iaeenoua nieaau, noaee, /oaoiu,
oeaaoiua iaoaeeu;- iaiaoaeee/aneea iaoa?eaeu (eaeie?ani/iua iaoa?eaeu,
ieanoiannu, ayaeouea iaoa?eaeu, iaoa?eaeu ia iniiaa eao/oea, aeooiu;-
iai?aaie/aneea (i?e?iaeiua eeneioioii?u, eaiaiiia eeouea, noaeei,
aaoiiu, ?anoai?u, caiacee.

Ia iniiaaiee eeoa?aoo?iuo aeaiiuo e aeaiiuo ianeaaeiaaiey caaiaeia
ninoaaeaia eeanneoeeaoeey: — ii niiniao i?iecaiaenoaa (a oneiaeyo
aeaenoaothuaai oeaoa i?e ?aiiioii-ainnoaiiaeoaeueiuo ?aaioao e iiaii
no?ieoaeuenoaa);- ii aeaeai e a?oiiai iaoa?eaea;- ii niiniaai
ecaioiaeaiey;- iaoiaeai iaianaiey;

Iaeiei ec aeaeia caueou no?ieoaeueiuo eiino?oeoeee io ei??icee
yaeyaony i?eiaiaiea eaeie?ani/iuo iie?uoee ia ?acee/iuo iieeia?iuo
iniiaao (yiieneaeiuo niieao).

Oe?ieia i?eiaiaiea iaoiaeyo iie?uoey ia iniiaa oeaaoiuo iaoaeeia e
eiiaeie?iaaiiuo iie?uoee. Aeey caueou noaee io aeaenoaey i?iiuoeaiiuo
aacia i?eiaiytho oeeieiai-aethieieaaua iie?uoey.

Iniiaiui oaeoi?ii iiauoaiey ea/anoaa iaianaiey yaeythony niiniau .
iiaeaioiaee, eioi?ua aeeytho ia i?i/iinoue noeaieaiey ieaii/iiai
iie?uoey n iiaa?oiinoueth eiino?oeoeee. I?i/iinoue noeaieaiey caaeneo
io iaoa?eaea iiaa?oiinoe, oa?aeoa?a ia?aaioee iiaa?oiinoe, ninoaaa
iie?uaiiai neiy, niiniaa iaianaiey e oneiaee oaa?aeaiey.

I?e iaianaiee caueoiuo iie?uoee ia iiaa?oiinoue eiino?oeoeee
i?ienoiaeeo aieueoay iioa?y iaoa?eaea. Yoi naycaii n oeaeui ?yaeii
oaoiieiae/aneeo oaeoi?ia: nei?inoe iiaeaaaaiie niane, aeaaeaiea,
ayceinoe iaoa?eaea, oiieinoe ia?aoe?a, oaea ?aniueaiey.

Aeey ii?aaeaeaiey iioeiaeueiuo ia?aiao?ia oaoiieiae/aneiai i?ioeanna
iaianaiey ieaii/iuo iaoa?eaeia ?aaioa auiieiyeanue a o?e yoaia:
1.eniieueciaaeinue noaoeeiia?iia iai?oaeiaaiea n ianaaeeaie
(ienoieaoii-?aniueeoaeai) ecaioaaeeaaaiuo i?iiuoeaiiinoueth.

2. ?ac?aaioaiiay aaoi?ii onoaiiaea ni noaoeeiia?iie ianaaeeie
(ienoieaoii-?aniueeoaeai)

3. ?ac?aaioaiiay aaoi?ii onoaiiaea e i?aaeeiaeaiiua e iae niaoeeaeueiua
ianaaeee (niiea), caueuaiiua aaoi?neeie naeaeaoaeuenoaaie.

I?e i?iaaaeaiee yenia?eiaioa i?eiaiyeenue iieeyoe?iua iieeia?u
(aeeeaeiua niieu), ia iniiaa eioi?uo ecaioaaeeaaeenue ianoeee e
iieeia??anoai?u, i?eiaiyaiua aeey caueou no?ieoaeueiuo eiino?oeoeee io
ei??icee a ?acee/iuo aa?anneaiuo n?aaeao.

Ii?aaeaeyeenue oaeoi?u, aeeythuea ia i?i/iinoue ieaii/iiai iie?uoey e
eo caaeneiinoue io oaoiieiae/aneeo ia?aiao?ia, oaeeo eae: nei?inoue
iiaea/e iaoa?eaea, eiee/anoai ioneiea, ?annoiyiey io niiea aei
iiaa?oiinoe iaianaiey iie?uoey, oaie iaeeiia, aeeaiao? auoiaeiiai
ioaa?noey, aaeaacey, aunioa neiy e eiaacey.

Ia iniiaa yenia?eiaioaeueiuo aeaiiuo iino?iaiu a?aoeee e ii?aaeaeaiu
iioeiaeueiua ia?aiao?u. Iaeneiaeueiay i?i/iinoue iie?uoey
iaania/eaaeanue i?e iaianaiee ieaii/iuo iaoa?eaeia ia o?aoueai yoaia,
i?e eniieueciaaiee ?ac?aaioaiiie aaoi?ii onoaiiaee e i?aaeeiaeaiiuo e
iae niaoeeaeueiuo ianaaeie (caueuaiiua aaoi?neeie naeaeaoaeuenoaaie e
iaoaioii).

Aeey iaania/aiey ?aoeeiiaeueiiai auai?a aa?eaioia aioeei??iceiiiuo
iie?uoee n o/aoii oneiaee eo niiinoaaeiinoe ia anao noaaeeyo n?aaiaiey,
?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea ?an/aoa yeiiiie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe
aioeei??iceiiiuo iie?uoee.

. Eeth/aaua neiaa: aioeei??iceeiua iie?uoey, eiee/anoai ioneiea,
oaeae no?oe, iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue, yenia?eiaioaeueiua enneaaeiaaiey.

Galushko V.A. Improvement of technology of utilizing anticorrosive
coating. – Ianusscript.

The dissertation for the degree of candidate of sciences(technical),
specialty 05.23.08 in production processes of Industrial and civil
engineering, Zaporozhye state engineering academy, Zaporozhye, 1998.

The thesis is devoted to determination of the optiomum parameters
of technological

process of application of films material – coating by
pheumatics spraying using the

experimental equipment. With that and in view we
had to do the following :

1. to find out the optimum technological parameters of coating during
the repair ;

2. to design an installation together with spray – nozzles ;

3. to work out the working cycle of repair operations using the above
mentioned instraution ;

4. to prepare the recommendations for experimental antiocorrosive
coating.

All materials may be devided into three groups:

— metallic construction materials (iron- carbon alloys,
steel, iron, non-ferrous

metals);

— nonmetallic materials (varnishes and lacquers, plastics,
binding materials, the

materials on rubber and bitumen base);

— nonorganic (natural acid resistant materials, stone
castings, glass, concrete,

solutions, plasters and putties.

Thing publications and results of industrial enterprises
survey a classification

of coatings was compiled according to their methods of production
particularly for the shop floor conditions during repairind and fresh
construction:

— on the method of production (in the repair period in working
shops and in

the period of its construction);

— according to the kinds and groups of materials;

— according to the methods of utilizing;

— according to the methods of coating.

One of the ways to protect the construction from corrosion
is using coatings of different varnishes, lacquers and paints on the
polymer base.

The non-ferrous and combined coatings based on non-ferrous
metals as wellas combined coatings are also widely used. To protect
steel from industry agressive gases the zinc-aluminium coatings are
used.

The main factors to improve the quality of coating are
the methods of their preparation. Which influence the strenght of film
coating adhesion to the surface of structure.

The strenght of adhesion depends upon the kinds of
materials , forms of surface and ways of its preparation, the
composition of coating, the ways of its application and conditions of
solidification.

The process of applying anticorrosive coatings is
accompanied by largewastes of materials. It depends on different
technological factors such as — the velocity of mixture feeding its
pressure viscosity the size of particles and the angle of spraying.

To define the optimum parameters of technology process of
coating the workwas done in three stages:

1. We used the stationary industry-made equipment with
different spray-nozzles

spray-gun.

2. The installation designed by the author and equipped with
nozzles (spray gun).

Both the installation and special nozzles to it are
protected by the author’ s certificate .

During the experiment the polyether polymers (alkyd resins) were
used. On theirbase we prepair the mastics and polysolutions to protect
constructions in different corrosive medium.

The factors influence the strenght of film coating and
its dependence upontechnological parameters such as the velocity of
feeding the material the amount of bounding off, the distance from
nozzle to surface of coating, the angle of inclination, the diameter of
output opening adhesion, the layer thickness and cohesion have been
determined.

The data, received as the result of investigation helped
us to find out theoptimum parameters and make their graphs.

In the process of utilizing the developed installation with
special nozzles the maximum strenght of film coating was achieved during
the third stage.

The special nozzles were protected by the author’ s
certificate (N 1756502 A1, ee. A 04 F 21/02, 1990, N 1812288 A1, ee. A04
F 21/02 1991, N 1796758 A1, ee. A04 F 21/02 1991 and patent N
97052483/2274 1997) .

In order to achieve ational selection of required
anticorrosive coating while taking into consideration the comparebility
of their variants the methods of calculation the economic efficiency of
such coatings have been developed.

Key words: anticorrosive coatings, amount of bouncing off, coating
jet,mathematical model, experimantal investigations.

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