IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

I?I?NOA?NOAI AOA?EUeII? I?IIENEIAINO?

A?AeAe?EAIIss O?CEEI-OAOI?*IEO A??IE*EO I?IAEAI AeIIAOeUeEIAI
O?CEEI-OAOI?*IIAI ?INOEOOOO ?i.I.I.AAEE?IA

Ia?anueeee Ieaa Aaea?ueiae/

OAeE 622.831

Oaeineiiaeaiiy niinia?a oi?aae?iiy noaiii a??ie/iai ianeao, ye?
aacothoueny ia caieiaeaii? aoa?eueiiai ieanoa

05.15.11.-«O?ce/i? i?ioeane a??ie/iai ae?iaieoeoaa»

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Aeiiaoeuee-1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o A?aeae?eaii? o?ceei-oaoi?/ieo a??ie/eo i?iaeai AeiiOO?
?i. I.I.Aaee?ia IAI Oe?a?ie oa I?iaoaeai?iio Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, aee?aeoi? A?aeae?eaiiy
o?ceei-oaoi?/ieo a??ie/eo i?iaeai AeiiOO? ?i. I.I.Aaee?ia IAI Oe?a?ie oa
I?iaoaeai?iio Oe?a?ie

Aeaen??a A.Ae.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo (AeAeOO)

Iaceiei A.A.

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee Oe?a?inueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai oa i?iaeoii-eiino?oeoi?nueeiai
?inoeoooo a??ie/i? aaieia??, aaiiaoai?ee ? ia?eoaeaea?nueei? ni?aae IAI
Oe?a?ie

AEoeia A.?.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — ?inoeooo aaioaoi?/ii? iaoai?ee IAI Oe?a?ie (i.
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee)

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «30» /a?aiy 1999 ?. i 12 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee E11.1184.02 o A?aeae?eaii? o?ceei-oaoi?/ieo
a??ie/eo i?iaeai AeiiOO? IAIO ?i.I.I.Aaee?ia ca aae?anith: 340114,
aoe.?.Ethenaiao?a, 72.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? A?aeae?eaiiy OOAI
AeiiOO? IAIO ?i. I.I.Aaee?ia ca aae?anith: 340114, aoe. ?.Ethenaiao?a,
72.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii «___» __________1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee, eaiae. oaoi. iaoe

?.?.I?oaeaiei

ANOOI

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe??: Cia/ia /anoeia aoa?eueieo ieano?a
Aeiiaoeueeiai aanaeio ?ic?iaey?oueny ia aeeaeiao, ye? aeinyaathoue 1000
oa a?eueoa iao??a, a neeaaeieo a??ie/ii-aaieia?/ieo oiiaao, ui
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny oaeeie oaeoi?aie, ye aenie? cia/aiiy a??ie/iai oeneo,
oaiia?aoo?e, caieeaiino? ?oaeieeiai? aoiinoa?e, a oaeiae i?aeaeuaiith
noeeuei?noth aei aeeeae?a oa iaaaeaiiy, ye? cieaeothoue ?ioaineai?noue
aeaeiaooeo aoa?eey, iia??oaieie oiiaaie i?aoe? oa iaiao?aei?noth
i?iaaaeaiiy niaoe?aeueieo aeiaeaoeiaeo caoiae?a aeey ?o onoiaiiy.
Iaea?eueoa ?iciianthaeaeaiiy io?eiaee niiniae aeoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy
noaiii a??ie/iai ianeao oeyoii ?o a?ae?iia?iaee, ye? ?ic?iaeai? ?AAe
?i.I.I.Nei/einueeiai, IaeIAe?, AOOAI AeiiOO? IAIO, ?AOI IAIO, AeAeOO,
?IEII ?AI, IA?, No?aeIAe?. Aeina?ae canoinoaaiiy oeeo niinia?a iieaco?
aeinoaoiuei aenieo ?o oaoi?/io oa aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue. ?acii c oei,
iia??oaiiy a??ie/i-aaieia?/ieo oa a??ie/ioaoi?/ieo oiia a?ae?iaee
aaciiane/aieo aoa?eueieo ieano?a iio?aao? ?icaeoeo oa aaeineiiaeaiiy
a?aeiieo eieaeueieo ? ?aa?iiaeueieo niinia?a ?o a?ae?iia?iaee.

Ca?ac cia/ia ?iciianthaeaeaiiy a Oeaio?aeueiiio ?aeii? Aeiiaano io?eiaee
niiniae iiia?aaeiueiai caieiaeaiiy aoa?eueieo ieano?a aiaeyieie
?ic/eiaie iiaa?oiaai-aeoeaieo ?a/iaei (IA?), ye? canoiniaothoueny aeey
caiia?aaiiy aeeeaeai aoa?eey oa aaco, ieeaooai?aiith oa ioi?iie ae?iaie.
?icoe?aiiy iaeano? canoinoaaiiy niinia?a oa aea?? eiai ia?aiao??a aeey
eiie?aoieo oiia ia?iaee iio?aaothoue caaeeaeaiiai aea/aiiy o?ce/ieo
i?ioean?a o aaciiane/aiiio aoa?ee? i?e eiai aca?iiae?? c ?ic/eiii IA?,
ciaiiy iniaeeainoae iioe?aiiy aaci-aiaeiiane/aii? noi?o? a ieano? i?e
aenieiio oeneo aeey aeai?o iioeiaeueieo cia/aiue ?o eiioeaio?aoe?e oa
eiio?ieue caieiaeaiiai ianeao, ui ? aeooaeueiith iaoeiaith oa
i?aeoe/iith caaea/ith aeey aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino?.

Ca’ycie oaie aeena?oaoe?? c ieaiii iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o ?inoeoooo.
Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa ca’ycaia c aeeiiaiiyi oaie c aea/aiiy no?oeoo?e oa
aeanoeainoae aoa?eey a oiiaao aaeeeeo aeeaei (?Ae? 0197U008905), yea
aoiaea aei ieaio ?ia?o Iaoe?iiaeueii? aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoa ?iaioe — anoaiiaeaiiy iniaeeainoae aca?iiae?? oa iioe?aiiy aiaeyieo
?ic/ei?a IA? a nenoai? “aoa?eey-aac” i?e ?ic?iaoe? ia?aiao??a
aenieiiaii?iiai caieiaeaiiy aeey oi?aae?iiy noaiii a??ie/iai ianeao.

?aeay ?iaioe i?noeoueny o aaciiai?ioiueiio aeo?niaiith aaco c
o?eueo?aoe?eiiai oa ni?aoe?eiiai ia’?i?a aoa?eey a eiai no?oeoo?o oa
cae?eoo ii?oaao?noue i?e aenieiiaii?iiio caieiaeaii? ianeao aiaeyieie
?ic/eiaie IA? ??cii? eiioeaio?aoe??.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe noi?ioeueiaai? ianooii? caaea/?:

aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoai?cio aenieiiaii?iiai caieiaeaiiy nenoaie
“aoa?eey-aac” ?ic/eiaie IA?;

aeine?aeaeaiiy ci?ie eiioeaio?aoe?? IA? a i?ioean? aenieiiaii?iiai
caieiaeaiiy nenoaie “aoa?eey-aac”;

?ic?iaea niiniao a?ae?iia?iaee aoa?eueiiai ieanoa ?ic/eiaie IA? a
?aaeei?, eiee ci?ith?oueny ?o eiioeaio?aoe?y.

Iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeianaii ia caoeno, ?o iiaecia:

Anoaiiaeaii, ui aacie?iaoe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee aoa?eey i?e aaciiane/aiino?
oa aeaaacaoe?? aieiae?thoue a?noa?acenii ? i?e oeneo aaco, ui ia?aaa?oo?
8,0 IIa, /an aeaaacaoe?? ia?aaa?oo? /an aaciiane/aiiy.

Ae?y ia aaciiane/aia aoa?eey ?ic/eio IA? i?e oeneo 10 IIa ? a?eueoa
noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny aaciiai?ioi?i i?iieeiaiiyi aaco o no?oeoo?o
aoa?eueii? ?a/iaeie oa cae?eoo ii?oaao?noue, ui i?eaiaea aei ca?eueoaiiy
ni?aoe?eii? ?iiino? aoa?eey a 1,4-1,6 ?ace.

I?e iioe?aii? ?ic/ei?a IA? o aoa?eueiiio ieano? ia? i?noea ni?aoe?eia
aca?iiae?y naii? iiaa?oiaai-aeoeaii? ?a/iaeie c aoa?eeyi, aaee/eia yei?
neeaaea? a?ey 70% ni?aoe?eii? ?iiino? aoa?eey c aaco.

A?ae?iia?iaea cae?enith?oueny ?ic/eiaie IA? c ci?iiith eiioeaio?aoe??th
a?ae 0,5% (ia’?i iaai?oa?ii? ??aeeie ia iaioa 1/3 a?ae ?ic?aooieiaiai) c
ianooiiei ?? cieaeaiiyi aei 0,1%.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue. A aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoaiee eiiieaeniee iaoiae
aeine?aeaeaiue, yeee aeeth/a? a naaa: aiae?c oa ocaaaeueiaiiy ?ia?o c
aea/aiiy oi?aae?iiy noaiii aoa?eueiiai ieanoa, a oiio /ene? i?ioean?a
caieiaeaiiy aoa?eueiiai ieanoa aiaeyieie ?ic/eiaie IA?; eaai?aoi?i? oa
oaooi? aeine?aeaeaiiy ii?oaaoino? aoa?eey oa iniaeeainoae aca?iiae??
?ic/ei?a c aoa?eueiith ?a/iaeiith; ?ic?iaeo oa aenia?eiaioaeueio
ia?aa??eo iiaiai niiniao iaai?oaiiy ?ic/ei?a.

Iaa?oioiaai?noue oa a??ia?aei?noue iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue, aeniiae?a oa
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ?iaioe caaacia/o?oueny aiae?cii oai?aoe/ieo oa
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue iiaoaeiae aoa?eueii? ?a/iaeie oa
iioe?aiiy a i?e ?ic/ei?a IA?, aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie ci?ie
iiaoaeiae aoa?eueii? ?a/iaeie i?ae ae??th ?ic/ei?a IA? oa iniaeeainoae
?ooo ii o??ueioaaoiio aaciiaiiaiaiiio aoa?ee?, canoinoaaiiyi ai?iaiaaieo
iaoiaeee oa noaiaea?oiiai iaeaaeiaiiy ? caaeia?eueiei ca?aii
?ic?aooieiaeo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo.

Iaoeiaa cia/aiiy ?iaioe i?noeoueny o oai?aoe/iiio oa iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iiio
?icaeoeo oai??? iioe?aiiy ?ic/ei?a IA? o ?aaeuei?e aoa?euei?e ?a/iaei? a
/anoei? anoaiiaeaiiy aoaeoo ?ice?eooy cae?eoeo ii? ?ic/eiaie IA? oa
cieaeaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? IA? i?e ?? ?ooo /a?ac o??ueie oa ii?e, ui noaei
iniiaith aeey ?ic?iaee niiniao iiaoaiiiai caieiaeaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe i?noeoueny a ?ic?iaoe? ia?aiao??a niiniao
iiaoaiii? iiaea/? ?ic/eio IA? o aoa?eueiee ieano c iaoith eiai
aoaeoeaiiai caieiaeaiiy.

?aae?caoe?y aeniiae?a oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ?iaioe.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe oa?eoee a aaeocaa? ii?iaoeai? aeieoiaioe:

“Iaoiaee/i? aeac?aee c canoinoaaiiy niiniao a?aei?ie ?aioiaiai aeneiaiiy
aoa?eey a?ae aeeeaeo aeey aenia?oii? ioe?iee oeio aaciaeeiai?/iiai
yaeua” (caoaa?aeaeaii I?iaoaeai?iiii 26.08.98 ?. oa ocaiaeaeaii c
Aea?aeioi?iii?aoe? 25.08.98 ?.).

ea??aieoeoai “Eiii’thoa?i? aa??aioe ianii?o?a oi?aae?iiy iie??aeath oa
e??ieaiiy eaa ieano?a c eooaie iaae?iiy a?eueoa 35(” (caoaa?aeaeaii
I?iaoaeai?iiii 18.12.98 ?. oa ocaiaeaeaii c Aea?aeioi?iii?aoe? 17.12.98
?.).

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa ie?ai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe
aeiiia?aeaeenue oa iaaiai?thaaeenue ia a/aieo ?aaeao AOOAI AeiiOO? IAIO,
IO? AI “Aeca?aeeinueeaoa?eey” oa “A?oaiaoa?eey”, ia i?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “A?a?ioaoiieia?y-98” (Iaeana).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 8 iaoeiaeo ?ia?o.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, 5
?icae?e?a, aeniiaeo, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e c 117 iaeiaioaaiue oa i?noeoue:
85 noi??iie iaoeiii?niiai oaenoo, 44 ?enoie?a, 17 oaaeeoeue.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe.

A ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiue iiaoaeiae aoa?eueieo ieano?a oa aea/aiiy
iaoai?cio iioe?aiiy ??aeeie o ieo i?e ??cieo ?aaeeiao iaai?oaiiy, ye?
aeeiiai? o 60-70 ?iee eieaeoeaaie a/aieo IaeIAe?, No?aeIAe?, ?AAe
?i.I.I.Nei/einueeiai, IA?, AeAeOO, AOOAI AeiiOO? IAIO, ?AOI IAIO, a
oaeiae oao?aoeyie aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino?, aoee ?ic?iaeai? niiniae
cieaeaiiy aeeeaeiiaaacia/iino? aoa?eueieo ieano?a, ciaioaiiy
ieeaooai?aiiy i?e a?aea?eoe? aoa?eey, ioi?iie a??ie/eo ae?iaie oa ?ioeo
yaeu a oaooao. A iniia? ?o caeeaaeaiee i?eioeei oi?aae?iiy aeanoeainoyie
oa noaiii aoa?eueieo ieano?a i?e aeia?aaeaeath/?e i?ae- oa iaae?iaoe?,
a?ae?iaeeiai?/iiio, o?ceei-o?i?/iiio, i?e?ia?ieia?/iiio oa ?ioeo
niiniaao ae?? ia ieano. Oeei niiniaai i?ena’y/ai? ?iaioe
A.A.?aeaanueeiai, A.N.Ao?/aeiaa, ?.A.Aia?iaa, I.A.Iiaee?ia,
I.I.Oi?nueeiai, A.?.Iaiiaa, N.I.ss?oi?ia, A.E.Enaiioiioiai?,
?.I.E?e/aanueeiai, N.I.Ieaenaiae?iaa, ?.N.?icaioeaaa, A.A.??iee,
A.?.Iaaeaaae?aa, ?.O.Ii?iciaa, A.A.Inie?ia, A.E.Oa?anaiei, ?.I.Ia/oea,
A.?.I?eie?ia, A.O.Aoeaoa, E.E.Nio?enueeiai, N.A.Eociaoeiaa, A.I.Ci??ia,
A.?.AEoeiaa, I.I.Cai?ueea, A.A.Iaceiei, A.Ae.Aeaen??aa,
TH.A.Aiiaea?aiei, A.A.Ieaenaiae?iaa, A.A.Aenaiiaa, ?.?.I?oaeaiei,
A.I.?aaae, A.A.Ai?enaiei, A.I.A?oaiiiiaa oa ?io.

Aiae?c aeacaieo ?ia?o iieaco?, ui a iniiao iaoiae?a ?ic?aooieo
ia?aiao??a iiaea/? aiaeyieo ?ic/ei?a o aoa?eueiee ieano iieeaaeaii
oyaeaiiy i?i aoa?eueio ?a/iaeio, ye o??u?ioaaoi-ii?oaaoa na?aaeiaeua, a
aeey iieno ?ooo ??aeeie aeei?enoiaothoueny iai?aaii??e/i? caeaaeiino?,
ye? io?eiai? ia iniia? ??aiyiue eeane/ii? a?ae?aae?ee.

Aea?? aeaeo IA? oa eiioeaio?aoe?? ?ic/eio IA? cae?enith?oueny aeey
eiaeiiai aoa?eueiiai ieanoa ia iniia? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue.
Oaeei aea /eiii cae?enith?oueny ? aea?? ia?aiao??a iaai?oaiiy ?ic/ei?a:
/anoioa caeeaaeaiiy naa?aeeiaei, aeiaaeeia ae?eueieoe? aa?iaoecaoe??,
e?euee?noue, oaii oa oene iaai?oaiiy.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy no?oeoo?e aoa?eueii? ?a/iaeie, ye? aeeiiai? a inoaii?
?iee a ?IEII ?AI, EA?, AOOAI AeiiOO? IAIO, IA?, IaeIAe?, ?AOI IAIO oa
?io. aeicaieeee nooo?ai ci?ieoe oyaeaiiy ia o?eueee i?i eiai
o??ueioaaoi-ii?oaaoo no?oeoo?o, aea ? anoaiiaeoe, ui cae?eoa
ii?oaao?noue aoa?eey cia/ii ia?aaa?oo? a?aee?eoo, a a?euei? ?aaeeeaee
aoa?eueii? ?a/iaeie aeoeaii aca?iiae?thoue c ??cieie o?i?/ieie
?a/iaeiaie, a oiio /ene? ? ?ic/eiaie IA?. Oiio ?nioth/ee i?aeo?ae aei
aeine?aeaeaiue i?ioeano caieiaeaiiy aoa?eueii? ?a/iaeie ?ic/eiaie IA? ia
no/aniiio ??ai? ciaiiy i?i aeanoeaino? aoa?eey aaea ? iaiiaiei.
Aeine?aeaeaiiy ci?i o aoa?eueiiio ieano? i?e iaai?oaii? a iueiai
aiaeyieo ?ic/ei?a IA? iiaeeea? o?eueee ia iniia? ooiaeaiaioaeueiiai
aea/aiiy o?ce/ieo i?ioean?a a nenoai? aoa?eey-aac-aiaeyiee ?ic/ei. I?e
oeueiio oaeiae i?aeeyaa? aea/aiith i?ioean iioe?aiiy ?ic/eio IA? /a?ac
i?e?io??ueie aoa?eueii? ?a/iaeie, ine?eueee aiane?aeie o?ceei-o?i?/ii?
aeoeaiino? aoa?eey a?aeaoaathoueny neeaaei? i?ioeane aca?iiae?? eiai c
IA?.

I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c aeicaieea noi?ioethaaoe iaoo oa caaea/?
aeine?aeaeaiue. A?aeiia?aeii c oeei aoee aeeiiai? aiae?oe/i? oa
aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy aca?iiae?? aoa?eey c ?ic/eiaie IA? oa
cai?iiiiiaaia iiaa iaoiaeeea a?ae?iia?iaee aoa?eueieo ieano?a oa
iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo ?? ia?aiao??a.

Aeey aeeiiaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaea/ aeine?aeaeaiue aoee aeei?enoai?
ai?iaiaai? iaoiaeeee aea/aiiy ii?oaaoino? aoa?eey, aaci- oa
aieiaiiane/aiino? eiai oae?, ye yaea?iiai iaai?oiiai ?aciiaino (ssI?) oa
aeaeo?iii-ia?aiaai?oiiai ?aciiaino (AI?), a oaeiae aoee ?ic?iaeai? iia?
iaoiaeeee aea/aiiy oaeaeeino? iioe?aiiy ?ic/ei?a IA? o aoa?ee?,
oaeaeeino? ni?aoe?? iaoaio ??cieie ?ic/eiaie. Aeey ia?iaee ?acoeueoao?a
aenia?eiaio?a aoee aeei?enoai? iaoiaee iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee.

Iaai?oaiiy ?ic/ei?a IA? o aoa?eueiee ieano aecia/a?oueny a ia?oo /a?ao
o?eueo?aoe??th ?o /a?ac o??ueioaaoi-ii?oaaoo no?oeoo?o aoa?eey. Oiio an?
oai?aoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy a iniiaiiio i?enay/ai? aea/aiith oeueiai
?aaeeio, a i?ioean aca?iiae?? aoa?eey c aiaeyieie ?ic/eiaie
?icaeyaea?oueny o?eueee ye iiaa?oiaaa, eai?ey?ii-iaoai?/ia ?, ??aeoa, ye
?iiiiai?iia yaeua. ?acii c oei, i?ae ae??th iiaa?oiaai-aeoeaieo ?a/iaei
a?aeaoaathoueny ci?ie a no?oeoo?? aoa?eueii? ?a/iaeie ca ?aooiie
caeaoiino? iieaeoe IA? i?iieeaoe o ooieeia? e?ioe? i?e?io??uei,
cieaeoaaoe ??aaiue ae?th/eo oai nee oa ni?eyoe iioe?aiith i?e?io??ueie.
Aiane?aeie oiai, ui oai?aoe/ii ioe?ieoue i??o aieeao IA? ia oeae i?ioean
aeineoue neeaaeii, aoee aeeiiai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy
aacie?iaoe/ieo i?ioean?a o nenoai? aoa?eey-aac-aiaeyiee ?ic/ei c
canoinoaaiiyi niaoe?aeueieo iaoiaeee oa aia?aoo?e.

Iaoiae AI?, yeee aecia/a? eiioeaio?aoe?th ia?aiaai?oieo oeaio??a (IIOe),
oe?iei canoiniao?oueny a i?aeoeoe? i?iaiico aeeeaeiiaaacia/iino?
aoa?eueieo ieano?a. Iiaeeo?eaoe?y iaoiaeo aeey i?iaaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiue ci?i a no?oeoo?? aoa?eey i?ae oeneii aaco oa ??aeeie
aeicaieeea anoaiiaeoe, ui i?e iane/aii? aoa?eey aacii ia? i?noea
cieaeaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? IIOe, yea a ie?aieo aeiaaeeao aeinyaa? 80% i?e
na?aaeiueiio cia/aii? 45%. I?e/iio, a caeaaeiino? a?ae oeneo aaco
eiioeaio?aoe?y IIOe o aoa?ee? ci?ith?oueny nooi?i/aoi (?en. 1). I?e
aeaaacaoe?? c?ace?a a?aeiiaeaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? a?aeaoaa?oueny e?i?eii c
i?enooi?noth caeeoeiaiai cia/aiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? IIOe. Ia iiia?aaeiuei
caieiaeaieo ?ic/eiii IA? c?aceao i?ioean ci?ie eiioeaio?aoe?? IIOe ia?
oie aea nooi?i/aoee oa?aeoa? i?e caaaeueiiio cieaeaii? ?? cia/aiiy.
Ie??i oiai, i?e oeueiio c’yaey?oueny aeiaeaoeiaa nooi?i/aoa ci?ia
eiioeaio?aoe?? IIOe i?e oeneo a?ey 1,5 IIa, a ciyooy oeneo aaco
i?aeoe/ii ia noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny a?aeiiaeaiiyi eiioeaio?aoe?? IIOe.

?en.1. Ci?ia eiioeaio?aoe?? IIOe (N) i?e aaciiane/aiiino? (1) oa
caieiaeaii? (2) aoa?eey i?ae oeneii (?).

1, 1( oa 2, 2( — i?e iiaea/? oa neeaeaii? oeneo a?aeiia?aeii.

Oa?aeoa? ci?ie eiioeaio?aoe?? IIOe a?ae /ano i?e iino?eiiio oeneo
aaciiane/aiiy iieno?oueny ??aiyiiyi ?aa?an?? aeaeo:

(1)

aea N0, Nk – a?aeiia?aeii ii/aoeiaa oa e?ioeaaa cia/aiiy eiioeaio?aoe??
IIOe;

( – eiao?oe??io c ?ici??i?noth 1/nae; t – /an, nae.

?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ye? aeeiiai? ia aoa?ee?
a?eueoa, /ei 40 oaooiieano?a a ??cieo a??ie/i-aaieia?/ieo oiiaao
iieacothoue, ui ( ci?ith?oueny a iaaeao (1,5(5)10–3 1/nae. A ciiao
aaieia?/ieo ii?ooaiue oa no?oeoo?ii? ii?ooaiiino? ieano?a eiao?oe??io (
ciaioo?oueny a?eueoa, /ei o aeaa ?ace o c??aiyii? c oiiaaie ii?iaeueiiai
?o caeyaaiiy. Ci?ia (, ye aoei anoaiiaeaii o eaai?aoi?ieo oiiaao,
aecia/a?oueny i??ith aeaoi?iaoe?? aoa?eey o ia??aiieiiiiiaioiiio iie?
iai?oaeaiue ca ?aooiie ia?aaoaeiae no?oeoo?e aoa?eey ia iieaeoey?iiio
??ai? (niin?a oa i?eno??e aeey eiai cae?eniaiiy caoeuai? aaoi?nueeei
na?aeioeoaii ia aeiao?ae A.n. ?1435784 IEE A 21N 39/00).

O?ce/ia nooi?noue eiao?oe??ioa ( aoea anoaiiaeaia a ?acoeueoao?
?ica’yceo ??aiyiiy ?ooo aaco o aeiaoey?iiio ii?oaaoiio na?aaeiaeu?:

(2)

i?e R – ?aae?on /anoee

(3)

(4)

(5)

, R – ?aae?on /anoee, ni.

?ica’ycie ??aiyiiy aeey cia/aiue ci?ie oeneo aaco a?ae ii/aoeiaiai (P0)
aei e?ioeaaiai (Pk) aeicaiey? aecia/eoe cia/aiiy e?eueeino? aeae?eaiiai
ni?aiaaiiai aaco Q(t):

(6)

— ? “aeeooc?eiee ia?aiao?” i?e ianiia?aiin? o ii?oaaoiio na?aaeiaeu?,
a ci?ia eiioeaio?aoe?? IIOe i?e aaciaiaeiiane/aii? aecia/a? i?ioean
ni?aoe?? ia aeoeaieo oeaio?ao aoa?eueii? ?a/iaeie, ye ? ia iiaa?oi?
ii?oaaoiai i?inoi?o, oa ? a ia’?i? naii? no?oeoo?e.

Aeeiiai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieythoue anoaiiaeoe iaoai?ci caieiaeaiiy
aaciiane/aiiai aoa?eey ?ic/eiaie IA? o aeae?: caieiaeaiiy aoa?eey
?ic/eiaie IA? i?ae oeneii noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny noeniaiiyi aaco o
o?eueo?aoe?eiiio ii?oaaoiio ia’?i? oa ca?eueoaiiyi e?eueeino?
ni?aiaaiiai aaco, a i?e aeinyaiaii? ia?oiai e?eoe/iiai oeneo aac
aeeooiaeo? a no?oeoo?o aoa?eueii? ?a/iaeie, aea ni?ao?oueny ia
aioo??oi?o IIOe oa noai?th? oaa?aeee ?ic/ei aaco, ? i?iieea? o cae?eoo
ii?oaao?noue. I?e oeueiio, ni?aiaaia aieiaa cae?eaa? /anoeo ni?aiaaiiai
ia’?io c ae?aiao?aie eaiae?a, ye? ca?aathoueny c ?ici??aie iieaeoe
aiaee. A a?eueo e?oiieo ii?ao i?ioean ia?ae?eooy eaiae?a cae?enith?oueny
naieie IA?. C iaaaaeaii? iiaeae? ne?aeo?, ui iiia?aaeo iioe?thth/iainy a
ianea? o?iioo IA? oene aaco a ii?oaaoiio ia’?i? ieae/a, /ei oene
a?ae?iia?iaee, a aoa?eey ieanoeo?oe??o?oueny ca ?aooiie ia’?iiiai
iane/aiiy aaci-aiaeyiith noi?o’th i?e?iaeiiai oa ?ice?eoiai ia’?io.

Aenia??iaioe c aecia/aiiy ci?i ii?oaaoino? ca ?aooiie ?ice?eooy cae?eoi?
?? /anoeie ?ic/eiaie IA? i?iaiaeeeenue ia iaia?iaeaieo oa ia?iaeaieo
0,1% ?ic/eiii noeueoiiieo i?iaao aoa?eey ia?ie E oa AE. A oaaeeoe? 1
iaaaaeai? aeai? i?i cae?eoo oa a?aee?eoo ii?oaao?noue aeine?aeaeaiiai
aoa?eey. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ia?iaea aoa?eey ?ic/eiaie IA? ni?ey? iioe?aiith
i?e?io??uei oa ?ice?eooth i?e?iii?, ui noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ca?eueoaiiyi
a?aee?eoi? ii?oaaoino? a 1,4-1,6 ?ace.

Oaaeeoey 1.

Ci?ia ii?oaaoino? aoa?eey i?e ia?iaoe? eiai ?ic/eiaie IA?

? Oaooa, ia’?aeiaiiy, ieano Ia?ea aoa?eey Cae?eoa ii?oaao?noue, ni3/a,
n.a.i.

aei caieiaeaiiy i?ney caieiaeaiiy

1 A.I. “Aeca?aeeinueeaoa?eey”,

o. “Iiaa”,

ie. k1 “Ao?ae?aea” EAE 0,080 0,048

2 A.I. “Aeca?aeeinueeaoa?eey”,

?i. O.A.Aeca?aeeinueeiai,

ie. l7 “Ioaa/?aea” EAE 0,170 0,96

3 A.I. “Aeca?aeeinueeaoa?eey”,

o. “Oi?aoeueea”,

ie. l7 “Ioaa/?aea EAE 0,075 0,049

n.a.i. — nooa aaccieueia iana.

Iaeii/anii aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui i?ioean caieiaeaiiy aoa?eey ?ic/eiaie
IA? noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny aeo?niaiiyi aaco ?c ia’?io ii?. Ia ?en. 2
cia?aaeai? aeai? i?i ci?ie oeneo a?eueiiai aaco i?e ia?iaoe? aoa?eey
aeenoeeueiaaiith aiaeith; 0,1% ?ic/eiaie noeueoiiieo oa “Iaaano”; 5%
?ic/eiii NaNl2. Aenia?eiaioe na?ae/aoue, ui iaea?eueo aeoeai? o?i?/i?
?a/iaeie (noeueoiiie oa “Iaaan”) aeo?niythoue a?eueoo e?euee?noue (a
2,0-2,6 ?ace) a?eueiiai aaco ? a?eueo ?ioaineaii o c??aiyii? c
aeenoeeueiaaiith aiaeith.

?en. 2. E?iaoeea aeae?eaiiy iaoaio c aoa?eey i?e caieiaeaii? eiai
?ic/eiaie IA?.

1 — “Iaaan”, 2 — noeueoiiie, 3 — NaNl2 , 4 — aeenoeeueiaaia aiaea.

A?aeiii, ui iieaeoee IA? iathoue aneiao?e/io iiaoaeiao oa i?noyoue
iiey?i? a?oie ? iaiiey?i? aoaeaaiaeiaa? aai a?iiaoe/i? ?aaeeeaee.
Aieiae?th/a cia/iei ae?iieueiei iiiaioii oa aeia?a a?ae?aoe?oth/a
iiey?ia a?oia iaoiiaeth? nii??aeiai?noue iiaa?oiaai-aeoeaii? ?a/iaeie
aei aiaee. A?ae?ioiaiee aoaeaaiaeiaaee ?aaeeeae ? i?e/eiith iiieaeaii?
?ic/eiiino? IA?. ?icoaooaaiiy oaeeo iieaeoe ia iiaa?oiaaiio oa??
aia?aaoe/ii iaea?eueo aea?aeii i?e oiia? caio?aiiy iiey?ieo a?oi o
aiaeo, a aoaeaaiaeiaaeo eaioetha?a — o iia?o?y aai iaiiey?ia
na?aaeiaeua. I?e iae?e eiioeaio?aoe?? iieaeoee IA? ?icoaoiaothoueny
ai?eciioaeueii a aaeni?aoe?eiiio oa??, a i?e ?? i?aeaeuaii? c’yaey?oueny
aa?oeeaeueia i??aioaoe?y. A oeueiio noai? ieiua, yeo caeia? iieaeoea
IA?, aecia/a?oueny eeoa ieiuith iiey?ii? a?oie.

Aeey aecia/aiiy aoaeoo ni?aoe?? iieaeoe IA? (noeueoiiie, “Iaaan”)
aoa?eeyi aoee aeeiiai? aeine?aeaeaiiy c ci?ie eiioeaio?aoe?? IA? o
?ic/ei? i?e eiai iioe?aii? a ia’?i? ii?. Aeey oeueiai i?iae aoa?eey
iaeiaeiai? aaae (5 I) iii?uaee a iaeiaeiaee ia’?i ?ic/eio (1 e oa
eiioeaio?aoe?? 0,5% ? 0,1%) oa /a?ac 0,5 aiaeeie a?aeae?aeenue i?iae
?ic/eio aeey aiae?co ci?ie eiioeaio?aoe?? ?iai/i? ?a/iaeie ca
noaiaea?oiith iaoiaeeeith. Iaea?eueo ?ioaineaii eiioeaio?aoe?y ?ic/eio
ciaiooaaeanue a ia?oo aiaeeio, a aeae? oaeaee?noue iaae?iiy
ciaiooaaeanue. Ia ?en. 3 iieacaia e?iaoeea ci?ie eiioeaio?aoe?? IA?.
Iaea?eueoa oaeaee?noue iaae?iiy eiioeaio?aoe?? a?aeaoaa?oueny a

?en. 3. E?iaoeea ci?ie eiioeaio?aoe?? IA?.

ia?oo aiaeeio ? neeaaea? 70-80%. I?e oeueiio oaeiae aia?oa anoaiiaeaii,
ui ia? i?noea ni?aoe?y iaoaio ?ic/eiaie IA?.

Iane/aiiy aoa?eey aiaeyieie ?ic/eiaie a?aeaoaa?oueny oeyoii caiiaiaiiy
o?eueo?aoe?eiiai oa ni?aoe?eiiai ia’?i?a ii?iaiai i?inoi?o. sseui a
ia?oiio aeiaaeeo caa??aathoueny caeiie a?ae?aae?ee, oiaoi aeanoeaino? oa
noai ??aeeie caeeoathoueny aac ci?i, oi i?ae /an ?ooo ??aeeie o
ni?aoe?eiiio ia’?i?, eiee ?aae?on eai?ey?a noi??iee c ?ici??aie iieaeoe,
a?aeaoaa?oueny ?? no?oeoo?iaaiiy, yea i?iyaey?oueny o aiiiaeueiiio
ca?eueoaii? ?? a’yceino?. Iaoai?ci iioe?aiiy ??aeeie ia? aeeooc?eiee
oa?aeoa? c aoaeoeaiei eiao?oe??ioii aeeooc?? (Ae).

Ae* = Ae((/(0 /[1+0,274(1-()]2(1+2,4 (/(0), (7)

aea Ae — eiao?oe??io a?eueii? (aac o?aooaaiiy no?oeoo?iaaiiy ??aeeie)
aeeooc??;

r -a?ae?iaeeiai?/iee ?aae?on iieaeoee aeeooc?eii? ?a/iaeie;

( — ii?oaao?noue aeine?aeaeo?iiai iaoa?eaeo;

(,(0 — ayce?noue ?ic/eio a ia’?i? oa a i?e?ieai?ey?ao ?aae?ona re
a?aeiia?aeii.

sse iieacothoue aeine?aeaeaiiy, ci?ia a’yceino? ?ic/eio ia caeaaeeoue
a?ae aeaeo ?a/iaeie oa ?ici??o iieaeoe, a aecia/a?oueny o?eueee
?aae?onii eai?ey??a. Eiio?ieue ca ci?iith a’yceino?, oiaoi ?ooeeaino?
iieaeoe o aiae?, cae?enith?oueny iaoiaeii ssI?. C o?aooaaiiyi oiai, ui
ci?ia oe?eie aocueei? e?i?? niaeo?o oa?aeoa?eco? ?ooeea?noue iieaeoe,
ca?eueoaiiy oe?eie aocueei? e?i?? aiaee na?ae/eoue i?i i?aeaeuaiiy ??
a’yceino?.

Caeaaei?noue oe?eie aocueei? e?i?? niaeo?o ssI? aiaee a?ae ?? a’yceino?
ia? aeaeyae:

(/(0 = 67,424 (I + 1,99 (8)

c eiao?oe??ioii ei?aeyoe?? 0,943.

ca?aa?oueny c a’yce?noth aaaeei? iaooe ? a?eueoa /ei a 5 ?ac?a
ia?aaa?oo? a’yce?noue aiaee o a?eueiiio noai?.

Oaeaee?noue ?ic/eiaiiy iaoaio o ?ic/ei? aecia/aeanue oaeei /eiii. A
aiioeo iino?eiiai ia’?io iii?uoaaany iaeei ?c ?ic/ei?a (noeueoiiie aai
“Iaaan”) ? i?ae oeneii 1,0 IIa iiaeaaaany iaoai. Iio?i aiioea
?cieueiaoaaeanue a?ae aaeiia c iaoaiii oa cai??yany oene ca /anii. Ia
iiiaio noaa?e?caoe?? oeneo aecia/aany /an ?ic/eiaiiy iaoaio ??aeeiith.
Iaea?eueo ?ioain?aii i?ioean ?ic/eiaiiy a?aeaoaaany ?ic/eiaie
noeueoiiieo oa “Iaaano” — /an ?aeaenaoe?? oeneo ia ia?aaa?ooaaa 1
oaeeeie. O aeenoeeueiaaii? aiaee — 5 oaeeei.

Oaeaee?noue iioe?aiiy ?ic/ei?a IA? o aoa?eueiiio ieano? aecia/a?oueny a
iniiaiiio oaeaee?noth eiai ia?ai?uaiiy /a?ac i?e?iaei? i?e?io??ueie (ye?
iiaeeeai c iaaaeeeeie i?eiouaiiyie oyaeoe o aeaeyae? oeee?iae?e/ieo
eai?ey??a), a oaeiae caiiaiaiiyi ia’?io ooieeiaeo o??uei oa cae?eoeo
ii?. Aeai? i?i oaeaeeino? iioe?aiiy ??aeeie o aoa?eueiiio ieano?, ye?
io?eiai? o ??cieo a??ie/i-aaieia?/ieo oiiaao oa iaaaaeai? o e?oa?aoo??,
aeoaea ??ci?. Oea aecia/a?oueny ??cieie a??ie/i-aaieia?/ieie oiiaaie
aenia??iaioaeueieo ?ia?o, a ia?oo /a?ao o?eueo?aoe?eieie aeanoeainoyie
aoa?eueiiai ianeao, a oaeiae neeaaeii IA? oa ia?aiao?aie iaai?oaiiy.
?acii c oei, c ?ioaineaiei ia?ai?uaiiyi ??aeeie /a?ac iae?io??ueie c
oaeaee?noth aei 2 i/aiaeeio, anoaiiaeaii ? ia?ai?uaiiy ??aeeie ca
?aooiie eai?ey?ieo nee c oaeaee?noth aei 0,5 i/aiaeeio, a oiio /ene? ?
aai?o ocaeiaae i?aeiyooy e?ooiai ieanoa. Oiio aoee aeeiiai?
aenia??iaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy c aecia/aiiy oaeaeeino? iioe?aiiy
caieiaeoth/eo ?ic/ei?a o aoa?eueiiio ieano?. Aeey oeueiai ?c aoa?eey
aeaioiaeyeenue c?acee o aeaeyae? a?onea c ?ici??aie: 0,15 i — aeiaaeeia
oa iiia?a/iee ia?a??c 0,05(0,05 i. Eiio?ieue i??e aieiaino?
cae?enithaaany ia niaeo?iiao?? ssI?. C?acee aoa?eey iii?uoaaeenue o
ooaoea, i?e/iio ieaei?e oi?aoeue iioneaany ia 5 ni o ?ii?noue c ?ic/eiii
IA?. *a?ac ?ioa?aae /ano ??aiee 0,5 aiaeeie a?aeae?aeenue i?iae aoa?eey
ocaeiaae aenioe (1 a ?a/iaeie) ? aecia/aeanue aieia?noue iaoiaeii ssI?.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui oaeaee?noue ?ooo ?ic/eio i?e aoiinoa?iiio oeneo neeaea:
0,1% ?ic/ei noeueoiiiea — 1(10-4 i/oaeeeio; 0,1% ?ic/ei “Iaaan” —
1,5(10-4 i/oaeeeio.

A i?ioean? iioe?aiiy ?ic/ei?a IA? o aoa?ee? oaeaee?noue caieiaeaiiy
ciaiooaaeanue ca /anii, ui iaoiiaeaii ciaioaiiyi eiioeaio?aoe?? IA? o
?ic/ei?.

V=E e-at, (9)

aea E ? a — aii???/i? eiao?oe??ioe;

t — /an, oaeeeie.

Cia/aiiy eiao?oe??io?a eieeaathoueny o ianooiieo iaaeao:

E=(0,1-0,7) i/oaeeeio; a=(0,05-0,15) 1/oaeeeio.

C aeei?enoaiiyi cai?iiiiiaaii? iiaeaee iioe?aiiy ?ic/ei?a IA? o aoa?ee?
oa ?acoeueoao?a aeeiiaieo aenia??iaio?a ?ic?iaeaia oaoiieia?y
a?ae?icaieiaeaiiy, a iniia? yei? eaaeeoue ioe?iea noeeueiino?
aoa?eueiiai ieanoa aei caieiaeaiiy oa iinoaae?eia iiaea/a ?ic/ei?a IA?
??cii? eiioeaio?aoe??.

Ioe?iea noeeueiino? aoa?eueieo ieano?a aei caieiaeaiiy cae?enith?oueny
iaoiaeii ssI?. Ia a?ae?a?aieo a oaoo? c?aceao aoa?eey cae?enith?oueny
aecia/aiiy e?eueeino? i?e?iaeii? ni?aiaaii? aieiae (Qn) ca aocueeith
e?i??th niaeo?o ssI?. C a?aeiiiai ni?aiaaiiai ia’?io anoaiiaeth?oueny
iioaioe?eia e?euee?noue ni?aiaaii? aieiae:

Qc=Vc/( (10)

O c??aiyii? cia/aiue Qc oa Qe, yea aecia/a?oueny ca ssI?, oa c
o?aooaaiiyi oe?eie aocueei? e?i?? niaeo?o ssI? aiaee c ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
Qe(Qc oa (I(0,04 a?noaae, ieano a?aeiineii aei ia caieiaeoaaiiai.

A ?acoeueoao? aiae?co aeeiiaieo o aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeaiue, a oaeiae
?acoeueoao?a, ye? io?eiai? ?ioeie a/aieie, anoaiiaeaii, ui ia’?i
iaai?oa?iiai o aoa?eueiee ieano ?ic/eio iaaeinoaoi?e ia o?eueee aeey
caiiaiaiiy ia’?io on?o o??uei, aea ? aeey iie?eooy ?o iiaa?oi? iaa?oue
oa?ii a iaeio iieaeoeo. ?aaeueii o aoa?eueiee ieano iaai?oa?oueny aei 20
e/o, aai a 10-20 ?ac?a iaioa aaeaioiiai ia’?io. I?ioa, oey e?euee?noue
aeinoaoiy aeey ci?ie o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae aoa?eey oa ciaioaiiy
aeeeaeiiaaacia/iino?. Oea yaeua iiaeia iiynieoe o?eueee iiaa?oiaaei
iaoai?ciii iioe?aiiy iieaeoe ?ic/ei?a IA? o aoa?ee? o aeaeyae?
“iica?/ii? no?oeoo?e”, c ni?aoaaiiyi ?o ia aeoeaieo oeaio?ao, ui
neeaaeathoue aei 70% a?ae ?o caaaeueii? e?eueeino?. I?e oeueiio
a?aeaoaa?oueny ciaioaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? ?ic/ei?a, ui aieeaa? ia
aoaeoeai?noue ia?iaee, oae ye iieaeoee aiaee iaio aeoeai? i?ae iieaeoee
IA? ? aoaeooue i?iieeaoe o ooi?eia? /anoeie i?e?io??uei oa aeieoaaoe
iioe?aiiy ?ic/eio.

Cai?iiiiiaaiee niin?a iiaoaiii? ia?iaee aoa?eueieo ieano?a, i?e yeiio
iiaea/a ?ic/eio cae?enith?oueny o aeaa aoaie: nii/aoeo iiaea?oueny 30%
a?ae caaaeueii? e?eueeino? ?ic/eio c eiioeaio?aoe??th IA? 0,5%, a
inoaeueio e?euee?noue ?ic/eio — c eiioeaio?aoe??th 0,1%.

Aeey a?ae?iia?iaee ieanoa c aeaith oo?aea ao?eeenue naa?aeeiaeie
ae?aiao?ii 42 ii oa aeiaaeeiith aei 12 i. Aa?iaoecaoe?y naa?aeeiaei
cae?enithaaeanue ia aeiaaeeio 5,0 i. Oene iaai?oaiiy ia ia?aaa?ooaaa 15
IIa. A eiaeio naa?aeeiaeio iiaeaaaeinue aei 5,0 i3 ?ic/eio noeueoiiieo o
aeaa aoaie: nii/aoeo 2,0 i3 ?ic/eio noeueoiiieo eiioeaio?aoe?? 0,5% oa
/a?ac 24 aiaeeie 3 i3 c eiioeaio?aoe??th 0,1%.

Iinoaaiiy ae?iaee i?e oeueiio neeaei 62 i. A i?ioean? iinoaaiiy o
eiaeiiio oeeee? cae?enithaaany oaeiae a?aea?? i?ia ca noaiith, ui
iienaia ?ai?oa, aeey aecia/aiiy aieiaino?. Na?aaei? cia/aiiy aieiaino?
ia aenia??iaioaeuei?e ae?eueieoe?, yea aoea ia?iaeaia ?ic/eiii IA?,
neeaei 3,3% c eiao?oe??ioii aa??aoe?? 0,75. Ioe?iea noaio aiaee o
ii?iaiio ia’?i? aoa?eey ca iaoiaeii ssI? iieacaea, ui aei 60% aieiae
ciaoiaeeoueny a ni?aiaaiiio noai?, a e?euee?noue i?ioii?a o noai?, yeee
a?aeiia?aea? oaa?aeiio o?eo, ca?eueoeeanue ia 24%, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?
cai?iiiiiaaio iiaeaeue caieiaeaiiy aoa?eey ?ic/eiaie IA?. I?e oeueiio
ii/aoeiaa oaeaee?noue aaciaeae?eaiiy o oi/oe? iaeneioio cieceeanue a?ae
4,15 aei 1,0 e/oaeeeio. Ca aeaiith iaoiaeeeith ia?iaea aoa?eueieo
ieano?a ?ic/eiaie IA? cae?enith?oueny ia oaooao AI “Aeca?aeeineaoa?eey”
oa “A?oaiaoa?eey” aeey ioi?iie i?aeaioia/eo ieanoiaeo ae?iaie.

AENIIAIE

A aeena?oaoe?? iaaeaii ??oaiiy aeooaeueii? iaoeiai? oa i?aeoe/ii?
caaea/?, yea i?noeoueny o anoaiiaeaii? iniaeeainoae oa caeaaeiinoae
i?ioeano caieiaeaiiy aoa?eueiiai ieanoa ?ic/eiaie IA?, ui aeicaieeei
?ic?iaeoe iiaee niin?a a?ae?iia?iaee aoa?eueiiai ieanoa, yeee aeicaiey?
oi?aaeyoe noaiii a??ie/iai ianeao a?ey a??ie/eo ae?iaie. Iniiai? iaoeia?
oa i?eeeaaei? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe i?noyoueny o ianooiiiio.

Aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii, ui ia?iaea aoa?eey aiaeyieie ?ic/eiaie IA?
i?eaiaea aei ci?ie eiai ni?aoe?eii-e?iaoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee c
ca?eueoaiiyi ni?aiaaii? ?iiino? a 1,4-1,6 ?ace, ui iaoiiaeaii
aaciiai?ioiei i?iieeiaiiyi aaco a no?oeoo?o aoa?eueii? ?a/iaeie.

I?e aca?iiae?? ?ic/ei?a IA? c aacii i?ae oeneii ia? i?noea ?ioaineaia
eiai iiaeeiaiiy ?ic/eiii IA?, i?e/iio iaea?eueo aeoeaii a ia?o? 15
oaeeei.

I?ioean iioe?aiiy ?ic/eio IA? o aoa?ee? a?aeaoaa?oueny c oaeaee?noth
0,6-1,0 i/aiaeeio a ?ioa?aae? /ano 30-60 oaeeei c iiaeaeueoith
noaa?e?caoe??th aei oaeaeeino? 0,3 i/aiaeeio i?e eiioeaio?aoe?? ?ic/eio
(noeueoiiie) 0,1-0,5%.

Iioe?aiiy ?ic/eio IA? o aoa?ee? noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ciaioaiiyi eiai
eiioeaio?aoe?? aiane?aeie ni?aoe?? eiai iieaeoe ia aeoeaieo oeaio?ao
aoa?eueii? ?a/iaeie, i?e/iio aei 90% eiioeaio?aoe?? cieaeo?oueny a ia?o?
60 oaeeei.

Cieaeaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? a?aeaoaa?oueny i?e caiiaiaii? 30-40%
o?eueo?aoe?eiiai ia’?io ii? aoa?eey.

Aea?? eiioeaio?aoe?? oa e?eueeino? iaai?oa?iiai ?ic/eio caeaaeeoue a?ae
ii?oaaoino? aoa?eey, a ia?oo /a?ao cae?eoi?, oae ye ia iioe?aiiy
cae?eoeo ii? aeo?a/a?oueny iaea?eueoa e?euee?noue ?ic/eio.

?ic?iaeaiee iaoiae iiaoaiiiai caieiaeaiiy aoa?eueiiai ieanoa ?ic/eiaie
IA?, yeee i?noeoueny o ci?i? ?o eiioeaio?aoe?? a?ae 0,5% o ia?oiio
oeeee? aei 0,1% — o ae?oaiio.

?ic?iaeaiee niin?a ioe?iee noeeueiino? aoa?eueiiai ieanoa aei
aiaeiiiaeeiaiiy ?ic/ei?a IA?, yeee i?noeoueny o aecia/aii? i?e?iaeii?
aieiae o ni?aiaaiiio ia’?i? iaoiaeii ssI?.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? o ianooiieo
?iaioao:

Oaeueaeiai Y.I., Ieoaeaiei A.E., Iaaaneee I.A., Oaa/aiei E.A.
Iniaaiiinoe ?ani?ino?aiaiey ?anoai?ia IAA a oaieueiii
ieanoa//Oeceei-oaoie/aneea i?iaeaiu ai?iiai i?iecaiaenoaa. –Aeiiaoee:
AeiiOOE, 1998. -N. 59-64.

Ieoaeaiei A.E., Aaneeaiei O.A, Iaaaneee A.N., Oaa/aiei E.A. Eciaiaiea
ii?enoinoe oaey i?e oaeaaeiaiee ieanoa aiaeiuie ?anoai?aie IAA//Ecaanoey
Aeiiaoeeiai ai?iiai einoeoooa. –1999. -?1. -N.61-63.

Aeaenaaa A.Ae., Oeueyiiaa A.A., Aaneeaiei O.A., Iaaaneee I.A.
Ii?aaeaeaiea cae?uoie ii?enoinoe eneiiaaiuo oaeae//Oaieue Oe?aeiu.
-1999. — ?4. — N. 20-23.

Ieoaeaiei A.E., Iaaaneee I.A., Oaa/aiei E.A. Iniaaiiinoe ?ani?ino?aiaiey
?anoai?ia IAA a oaieueiii ieanoa//Ai?ii-iaoaeeo?ae/aneea i?iaeaiu
Aeiiaanna. -Aeiiaoee. -1995. -?1 -N. 41-45.

?ac?aaioea ianii?oia oi?aaeaiey ai?iui aeaaeaieai n eniieueciaaieai
eiiiuethoa?iie oaoieee./I.A.Oaiiaae, I.A.Aeuoaa, Y.A.Ai?enaiei,
Ae.I.AEeoeaiie, A.E.Eo?eoeui, A.A.Eaaoei, TH.A.Eeoaeiia, TH.A.Ieaaiue,
A.E.Ieoaeaiei, I.A.Iaaaneee, ?.E.Iaioeeaiei, I.E.Eiaeae, N.I.Oaaeioia
/Iiae ?aae. I.A.Oaiiaaea. Aeiiaoee: 1998. – 118 n.

Aeaenaaa A.Ae., Aaneeaiei O.A., Caa?aaeei A.A., Iaaaneee I.A., Oaa/aiei
E.A. Eniieueciaaiea IAA aeey ?aca?ocee ieanoa e ioeaiea ecauoi/iuo
iai?yaeaiee, nicaeaaaaiuo ?anoai?aiiui a oaeyo iaoaiii//Ia?aaioea
aeenia?niuo iaoa?eaeia e n?aae. — “Aea?ioaoiieiaey-98“. – Iaeanna:
-1998. — aui.8, /.2. — N.54-56.

A.N. ? 143578884 NNN?, IEE A 21N 39/00. Niinia ioeaiee ninoiyiey
oaieueiiai ieanoa e ono?ienoai aeey aai inouanoaeaiey./Iaaaneee A.N.,
Aiaaieia O.A., Aioaa?a E.I., Iaaaneee I.A. (NNN?) . — ? 4208615/22-03.
Cayaeaii 28.01.87; Iioae. 07.11.88, — Athe. ?41. — 3 n.

Iaoiaee/aneea oeacaiey ii i?eiaiaieth niiniaa ioee/ey aiacaiiiai
aunuiaiey oaey io aua?ina aeey yenia?oiie ioeaiee oeia
aaciaeeiaie/aneiai yaeaiey./Aeaenaaa A.Ae., Eoiaa N.A., Oeueyiiaa A.A.,
Noa?eeia A.I., Eocueiaiei I.N., Iaaeiaeaaa I.A., Ai?enaiei Y.A.,
Iaaaneee I.A., Caa?aaeei A.A. — Aeiiaoee. — 1998. — 20n.

Aaoi?nueeee aianie: iinoaiiaea caaea/? [1,2,4], nenoaiaoecaoe?y
io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a [3,6], aeyaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae [1,2,4], aiae?c
aieeao oaeoi??a [5,8], ?ic?iaea ?noioieo iciae o a?aeiia?aeiino? c
aeia?aeeith i?i oai?/o o/anoue a noai?aii? aeiaoiaeo [7].

Caeiaoaa/ Ia?anueeee I.A.

Aiioaoe?y

Ia?anueeee I.A. “Oaeineiiaeaiiy niinia?a oi?aae?iiy noaiii a??ie/iai
ianeao, ye? aacothoueny ia caieiaeaii? aoa?eueiiai ieanoa” – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca
niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.15.11 – “O?ce/i? i?ioeane a??ie/iai ae?iaieoeoaa”. —
A?aeae?eaiiy o?ceei-oaoi?/ieo a??ie/eo i?iaeai AeiiOO? IAIO ?i.
I.I.Aaee?ia. Aeiiaoeuee, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa i?noeoue iiaa ??oaiiy aeooaeueii? iaoeiai? oa
oaoi?/ii? caaea/? — anoaiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio aca?iiae?? aiaeyieo ?ic/ei?a
IA? c aoa?eueiith ?a/iaeiith oa ?ic?iaea iiaiai niiniao a?ae?iia?iaee
aoa?eueieo ieano?a c iaoith oi?aae?iiy ?o iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiei
noaiii.

Aenia??iaioaeueieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii, ui ae?y ia
aaciiane/aia aoa?eey aiaeyiiai ?ic/eio IA? i?ae oeneii a?eueoa 10 IIa
i?eaiaea aei i?iieeiaiiy aaco, yeee i?noeoueny o aioo??oiuei-ii?iaiio
ia’?i?, a no?oeoo?o aoa?eueii? ?a/iaeie oa ca?eueoo? ni?aoe?eio ?ii?noue
aoa?eey o 1,4-1,6 ?ace. Iieaeoee IA? aeoeaii aca?iiae?thoue c
ni?aoe?eieie oeaio?aie aoa?eueii? ?a/iaeie oa noai?ththoue nai???aeio
“iica?/io no?oeoo?o”, ui i?eaiaea aei ?ioaineaiiai iaae?iiy
eiioeaio?aoe?? ?ic/eio. Aeeiiai? aenia??iaioe oa ianooiiee aiae?c
io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeicaieeee ?ic?iaeoe iiaee iaoiae iinoaae?eii?
ia?iaee aoa?eueieo ieano?a ?ic/eiaie IA?, aenia??iaioaeueia ia?aa??ea
yeiai a oaooieo oiiaao i?aeoaa?aeeea iaa?oioiaai?noue ia?aiao??a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aiaeyi? ?ic/eie IA?, ii?oaao?noue aoa?eey,
a?ae?icaieiaeaiiy, aoa?euei? ieanoe, oi?aae?iiy noaiii.

AIIIOAOeEss

Iaaaneee I.A. “Niaa?oainoaiaaiea niiniaia oi?aaeaiey ninoiyieai ai?iiai
ianneaa, iniiaaiiiai ia oaeaaeiaiee oaieueiiai ieanoa” — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii
niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.15.11 – “Oece/aneea i?ioeannu ai?iiai i?iecaiaenoaa”.
— Ioaeaeaiea oeceei-oaoie/aneeo ai?iuo i?iaeai AeiiOOE IAIO ei.
A.A.Aaeeeia. Aeiiaoee, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeeiiiay ?aaioa niaea?aeeo iiaia ?aoaiea aeooaeueiie iao/iie e
oaoie/aneie caaea/e, caeeth/athuaeny a onoaiiaeaiee iaoaiecia
acaeiiaeaenoaey aiaeiuo ?anoai?ia iiaa?oiinoii-aeoeaiuo aauanoa (IAA) n
oaieueiui aauanoaii e ?ac?aaioea iiaiai niiniaa aeae?iia?aaioee
oaieueiuo ieanoia n oeaeueth oi?aaeaiey eo iai?yaeaiii-aeaoi?ie?iaaiiui
ninoiyieai.

Ia ia?acoeao oaeae, ioia?aiiuo ia oaooao Aeiiaanna auiieiaiu
enneaaeiaaiey iniaaiiinoae no?iaiey oaieueiiai aauanoaa e eo eciaiaiey
i?e aicaeaenoaee ia ieo aiaeiuie ?anoai?aie IAA, a oaeaea enneaaeiaai
iaoaieci eo ?ani?ino?aiaiey a oaea. A caaea/e enneaaeiaaiee aoiaeeei:
enneaaeiaaiea ni?aoeeiiiuo e aacieeiaoe/aneeo ia?aiao?ia oaey aeey
ioeaiee aai neeiiiinoe e oaeaaeiaieth; enneaaeiaaiea iaoaiecia
aunieiiaii?iiai oaeaaeiaiey nenoaiu “oaieue-aac” ?anoai?aie IAA;
enneaaeiaaiea eciaiaiee eiioeaio?aoeee IAA a i?ioeanna aunieiiaii?iiai
oaeaaeiaiey nenoaiu “oaieue-aac”; ?ac?aaioea niiniaa aeae?iia?aaioee
oaieueiiai ieanoa ?anoai?aie IAA a ?aaeeia eciaiythuaeny eo
eiioeaio?aoeee.

A i?ioeanna oaeaaeiaiey oaey ?anoai?aie IAA, i?ienoiaeeo acaeiiaeaenoaea
iieaeoe IAA n iieaeoeaie aaca, niaea?aeaueony a oaea e ni?ae?iaaiea eo
ia aeoeaiuo oeaio?ao.

Iineieueeo iieaeoeu IAA eiatho aneiiao?e/iia no?iaiea, i?e iaeie
eiioeaio?aoeee iieaeoeu IAA ?aniieaaathony ai?eciioaeueii a
aaeni?aoeeiiiii neia, ia?acoy naiaia?acioth “iicae/ioth no?oeoo?o”. A
?acoeueoaoa ni?ae?iaaiey iieaeoe IAA i?ienoiaeeo eioaineaiia iaaeaiea eo
eiioeaio?aoeee a ?anoai?a, /oi a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue ieacuaaao aeeyiea ia
nei?inoue ?ani?ino?aiaiey ?anoai?ia IAA a oaieueiii ieanoa.
Yenia?eiaioaeueii onoaiiaeaia caaeneiinoue nei?inoe ?ani?ino?aiaiey
aeeaeeinoe io a?aiaie acaeiiaeaenoaey ?anoai?ia IAA n oaieueiui
aauanoaii.

A ?acoeueoaoa aiaeeca iieo/aiiuo yenia?eiaioaeueiuo aeaiiuo ?ac?aaioaia
oaoiieiaey aeae?ioaeaaeiaiey, a iniiaa eioi?ie eaaeeo ioeaiea neeiiiinoe
oaieueiiai ieanoa e oaeaaeiaieth e iinoaaeeeiay iiaea/a ?anoai?ia IAA.

Aeey ioeaiee neeiiiinoe oaieueiuo ieanoia e oaeaaeiaieth i?aaeeiaeaia
iaoiaeeea, iniiaaiiay ia ii?aaeaeaiee eiee/anoaa anoanoaaiiie
ni?ae?iaaiiie aeaae ii niaeo?ai ssI?.

I?aaeeiaeai niinia iiyoaiiie ia?aaioee oaieueiuo ieanoia, i?e eioi?ii
iiaea/a ?anoai?a inouanoaeyaony a aeaa yoaia: aia/aea iiaeaaony aei 30%
io iauaai eiee/anoaa ?anoai?a n eiioeaio?aoeeae IAA 0,5%, a inoaeueiia
eiee/anoai ?anoai?a — n eiioeaio?aoeeae 0,1%.

Yenia?eiaioaeueiay i?iaa?ea niiniaa a oaooiuo oneiaeyo i?e i?iaaaeaiee
oo?aea ii aua?iniiianiiio ieanoo iicaieeea io?aaioaoue aai ia?aiao?u e
iiaeoaa?aeeea i?aaeeueiinoue i?eiyouo ?aoaiee. Ii aeaiiie iaoiaeeea
auiieiyaony aeae?iia?aaioea oaieueiuo ieanoia ?anoai?aie IAA ia oaooao
II “Aeca?aeeineoaieue” e “A?oaioaieue” aeey io?aiu iiaeaioiaeoaeueiuo
ieanoiauo au?aaioie.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aiaeiua ?anoai?u IAA, ii?enoinoue oaey,
aeae?ioaeaaeiaiea, oaieueiua ieanou, oi?aaeaiea ninoiyieai.

Summary

Moyevsky O.V. “Advanced methods of rock mass control based on moistening
of the coal seam”. — Manuscript.

The thesis submitted for a candidate of technical science degree in the
field 05.15.11 – “Physical processes in mining” — The Department of
Physico-Technical mining problems DonPTI, Ukrainian National Academy of
sciences. Donetsk, 1999.

The dissertation contains a new solution of urgent scientific and
technical problem consisting in determination of the mechanism of
surfactants water solution interaction with coal matter as well as
development a new method of the coal seam hydrotreatment in order to
control their stress-strain condition.

Experimental investigations have established that exposure of
gas-bearing coal to surfactant water solution under pressure above 19
MPa results in introduction of the gas from intraporous volume into the
coal matter structure and increases a sorption capacity op the coal by
1,4-1,6 times. Surfactant molecules attack the coal matter sorption
centers with formation of distinctive mosaic pattern that causes a
strong reduction in the solution concentration.

The experiments performed as well as subsequent analysis of the results
obtained have allowed to develop a new method of the coal seam by-stage
treatment with surfactants solutions. Experimental check of the method
in mine conditions has confirmed validity of parameters.

Key words: surfactants water solutions, coal porosity, hydromoistening,
coal seams, condition control.

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