OA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE IIE?OAOI?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

Iiai??eia Na?a?e Ieeieaeiae/

OAeE 338. 45: 658. 588.

Oaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie oaoi?/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy

? ?aiiioo iaeaaeiaiiy

(ia i?eeeaae? i?aei?e?inoa /i?ii? iaoaeo?a??)

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.07.01 — aeiiii?ea i?iieneiaino?

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iie?oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aieeaeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?Ia?a?aa Iao?i
A?eai?iae/,Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e i?aai?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa oa

oi?aae?iiy ia?niiaeiiIo?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani? I?eia Iao?i A?eaae?eiae/, Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aeiiii?/iee
oi?aa?neoao,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aeiiii?ee oa ia?eaoeiaoeaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
Ne?e?ia Oaoyia Iaae?aiaAea?aeaaiee ?inoeooo i?aoe? oa
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue I?i?noa?noaa i?iieneiai? iie?oeee

Oe?a?ie, i. Oa?e?a,

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo aeiiii?ee ?aiiiooI?ia?aeia onoaiiaaOa?e?anueeee
aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao,

eaoaae?a aeiiii?ee oa iaiaaeaeiaioo,

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. Oa?e?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “14”aeiaoiy 1999?. i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 64.050.02 o Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
iie?oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 310002, i.Oa?e?a-2, aoe.
O?oica, 21

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “4”aa?aniy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Aaa?enue I.I.

1

14

caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. A aeiiii?/i?e no?aoaa?? ia no/aniiio aoai? ?icaeoeo
Oe?a?ie aaaeeeaa i?noea caeiathoue i?iaeaie no?oeoo?ii? ia?aaoaeiae,
?aeiino?oeoe?? ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa, eiai iinooiiaiai ia?aoiaeo aei
?icaeiooi? ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee. Ioe?iea oaoi?/iiai noaio i?iieneiaino? oa
ia?niaeoea ?? ?icaeoeo ciooo? caa?iooe iniaeeao oaaao ia i?iaeaio
oaoi?/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy e ?aiiioo iaeaaeiaiiy. Aeey i?aeeiio
ae?iaieoeoaa iio??aia caa?aaeaiiy, ?aoe?iiaeueia aeei?enoaiiy iayaiiai
ae?iaie/iai iioaioe?aeo e aoaeoeaia a?aeiiaeaiiy ia?eo iaeaaeiaiiy ia
i?eioeeiiai iia?e oaoi?/i?e iniia?. Oe? oiiae o?nii iia’ycai? c
iaiao?aei?noth i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy oaoi?/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy oa ?aiiioo
iaeaaeiaiiy. ?acii ?c oeei, o iane?aeie noi?iiaaiiai a?aeiioaiiy aei
?aiiioo ye aei aeiiii?aeiiai (ae?oai?yaeiiai) ae?iaieoeoaa i?ia?aneai?
oi?ie eiai i?aai?caoe?? ua ia iaea?aeaee iaeaaeiiai ?icaeoeo. Aaaaoi
i?aei?e?inoa iaiaaathoueny cae?enithaaoe ?aiiioia ianeoaiaoaaiiy
aeanieie neeaie, ui /anoi i?ecaiaeeoue aei ca?eueoaiiy aeo?ao ia
ae?iaieoeoai, cieaeo? ye?noue ? iaae?ei?noue iaeaaeiaiiy. Iiaeeaeaiiy
aeaoeaio?ae?caoe?? ?aiiioiiai ae?iaieoeoaa, iiaa?iaiiy aei aeanieo,
/anoi ae??aiino?oeoo?ieo ?aiiioieo aac i?ecaiaeeoue aei cieaeaiiy
ae?iaie/i-oaoi?/iiai iioaioe?aeo, ui ua a?eueoa oneeaaeith? ia?ao?ae aei
aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy. Aiaeii/an ci?oeiaiiy ?eieiaiai iaoai?cio
noai?th? ia?aaeoiiae aeey ci?ie noaaeaiiy ae?iaie/iee?a aei noaio naiai
iaeaaeiaiiy, a cia/eoue ? aei yeino? eiai ?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy. O
ca’yceo c oeei iaiao?aeia iiaeaeueoa aeine?aeaeaiiy nenoai oaoi?/iiai
ianeoaiaoaaiiy ? ?aiiioo iaeaaeiaiiy (NOI??I), aecia/aiiy oi?i aieeao ia
oe? nenoaie, aeyaeaiiy oeyo?a ?o aaeaioaoe?? aei oiia ?eieiaeo
a?aeiinei.

O iaoeia?e ? iaoiaee/i?e e?oa?aoo?? ?icaeyaeaeiny oe?iea eiei caaea/ c
i?aai?caoe?? ?aiiioo ia ??ciiio ???a?o?/iiio ??ai?. ?o aeine?aeaeaiith
i?enay/ai? ?iaioe Aeaa?ae?ia ?.C., Aeaa?ae?ii? ?.A., Aeouei?iaa A.?.,
Aaaeaiiaa A.A., A?eioaiee A.A., Ai?eniaa TH.N., Aii/a?iaa A.I.,
?ai?iaa ?.I., ?ai?e/aaa I.I., ?aooy ?.A., ?eue?i/aiei I.A.,
Eai?iaoaia E., Eaiono?ia E.A., Ea?iiaa E.Ae., Eaneiiaa A.I.,
Eie?aa?aa ?.I., Eiena A., Eiiniia A.N., Iaeueieeiai? E.?., I?eiaa I.A.,
I?oooiaa ?.I., Iie?iieaiiai N.O., Naeaa??aa A.O., Nie?eioeueeiai ?.E.,
Oa?aniai? E.E., *i?iiai A. ?., *oia/aiea I.A., Ooae?e A.O.,
Oooaaeueoa?a E.ss., sseiaana A.A., sseiae?aa A.?. oa ?i. ?icaeyaeath/e
i?aai?caoe?th ?aiiioiiai ae?iaieoeoaa a oiiaao
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-eiiaiaeii? aeiiii?ee a?eueo?noue aaoi??a ae??ooaaee
i?iaeaie eiai oaoiieia?/iiai aeeiiaiiy, ui aoei aei?aaaeaiei ca oiia
iaiaaeaiiy i?aa oa aca?iieo iaia’yce?a niiaeeaa/?a ? aeeiiaaoe?a. Ca?ac
c’yaeeenue, aai aeeoee ia ia?oee ieai ?yae caaea/, ye? iio?aaothoue
iiaeaeueoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, o oiio /ene?: iaaeaiiy ?aiiioieo iineoa ia
iniia? o??iiaiai na?a?no ?c oe?ieei aeei?enoaiiyi o?ai/aeceiao oa
e?ceiao; ?ic?iaea iniia ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy a
oiiaao aaaaoiaa??aioiino?; anoaiiaeaiiy iaoiaee/ieo ? i?aeoe/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei aecia/aiiy oe?i ia ?aiiioi? iineoae; ?ic?iaea
iaoiaee/ieo iniia aeai?o oa ieaioaaiiy oi?i ?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy.
Aeeeaaeaia aecia/a? aeooaeuei?noue oaie oa aea?? ?? aaoi?ii aeey
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?aieao aea?aeaaii? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? i?ia?aie 07.02
“Aeiiii?/i? i?iaeaie noai?aiiy aea?aeaaiino? Oe?a?ie” o /anoei? ?ic?iaee
no/anii? nenoaie ?aiiioo oa na?a?no a ?aieao ?a??iiaeueieo ?eie?a, a
oaeiae iia’ycaia c aeeiiaiiyi i?aeia?iaeii? i?ia?aie INTAS
“?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y ? i?eaaoecaoe?y i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa”.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
iiaeaeueoa ?ic?iaea oai?aoe/ieo ? i?aeoe/ieo ieoaiue oaeineiiaeaiiy oa
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? NOI??I a oiiaao aeiiii?ee, ui o?ainoi?io?oueny.
?aae?caoe?y oe??? iaoe iaoiiaeea ae??oaiiy oaeeo caaea/:

— aecia/aiiy i?noey e ?ie? NOI??I o a?aeoai?thaaeueieo i?ioeanao a
no/anieo oiiaao;

— noai?aiiy iaoiaeeee aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a oa
ia?niaeoea ?icaeoeo ?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy;

— ?ic?iaea aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? ioe?iee oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/iiai
??aiy ?aiiioiiai ae?iaieoeoaa;

— ia??oiooaaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii? noaie aca?iia?aeiinei aeeiiaaoe?a ?
niiaeeaa/?a ?aiiioieo iineoa;

— ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee ieaioaaiiy e i?aai?caoe?? ?aiiioiiai ae?iaieoeoaa
??ciiai ??aiy oeaio?ae?caoe??, oa anoaiiaeaiiy oe?i ia ?aiiioi? iineoae.

I?aaeiao ? ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
noeoii?noue i?aai?caoe?eieo e aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei i?ae aeeiiaaoeyie oa
niiaeeaa/aie iineoa oaoi?/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy oa ?aiiioo iaeaaeiaiiy.
Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?aiiioi? i?aei?e?inoaa, ia?o ca ana /i?ii?
iaoaeo?a??.

Caaaeueia iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oai?aoe/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy
iineoaeeee iaoeia? i?aoe? a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo aeiiii?no?a,
i?enay/ai? caaaeueiei i?iaeaiai a?aeoai?aiiy iniiaieo oiiae?a,
aeiiii?/iei ? i?aai?caoe?eiei ieoaiiyi ?aiiioii-oaoi?/iiai
ianeoaiaoaaiiy, oe?iiooai?aiith ia i?iaeoeoe?th oa iineoae
ae?iaie/i-oaoi?/iiai i?ecia/aiiy, a oaeiae caeiiiaeaa/? oa ii?iaoeai?
aeoe Oe?a?ie. O ?iaio? aeei?enoiaoaaeeny iaoiaee aano?aeoii-eia?/iiai
aiae?co e neioaco, aeiiii?/iiai, noaoenoe/iiai oa ii??aiyeueiiai
aiae?co, iaoiaee noaoenoe/iiai i?iaiicoaaiiy ia iniia? aeeiai?/ieo
?yae?a ? aaaaoioaeoi?ii? ?aa?an??.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe iieyaa? a oaeiio:

— aeyaeaii e ia??oioiaaii iniaeeaino? ?aiiioieo iineoa a oiiaao ?eieiaeo
a?aeiinei aeey i?aei?e?inoa ??ciiai ??aiy oeaio?ae?caoe??;

— cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeeeo aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a
?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy niaoe?ae?ciaaieie i?aei?e?inoaaie;

— ?ic?iaeaii aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue ioe?iee oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/iiai
??aiy ?aiiioiiai ae?iaieoeoaa ia iniia? ?aa?aneaieo iiaeaeae;

— cai?iiiiiaaii i?aai?caoe?eio noaio iiaoaeiae noa’?eo?a noa?e nenoaie
oaoi?/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy oa ?aiiioo iaeaaeiaiiy;

— cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae aei anoaiiaeaiiy oe?i ia na?a?ni?
iineoae c o?aooaaiiyi e?ioeaaiai ?acoeueoaoo, yeee io?eio? niiaeeaa/;

— ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ieaioaaiiy e i?aai?caoe?? ?aiiioiiai ae?iaieoeoaa
ia iniia? aeei?enoaiiy aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui ?o
aeei?enoaiiy aeicaieeoue i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue ?aiiioiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa ca ?aooiie oi/i?oi? ioe?iee eiai oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/iiai ??aiy
ia iniia? ?aa?aneaieo iiaeaeae, ?ic?iaeaii? a?eueo ?aoe?iiaeueii?
i?aai?caoe?eii? noaie iiaoaeiae NOI??I, iiaiai iaoiaee/iiai i?aeoiaeo
aei anoaiiaeaiiy oe?i ia na?a?ni? iineoae c o?aooaaiiyi e?ioeaaiai
?acoeueoaoo niiaeeaa/?a; iie?ioaii? iaoiaeeee ieaioaaiiy oa i?aai?caoe??
?aiiioiiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeyaeai? iniiai? iciaee, ca aeiiiiiaith
yeeo ciaoiaeeoueny aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue iiiaeaiiy oa ?aiiioo ia?eo
oaoiieia?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy. ?ic?iaeai? iieacieee, ui iieeaaeai? a iniiao
iaoiaeeee ii?ioaaiiy aeo?ao ia eai?oaeueiee ?aiiio iaeaaeiaiiy.
Cai?iiiiiaaia eeaneo?eaoe?y aeo?ao ia ?aiiio ii niiniaao ?o a?aeianaiiy
ia nia?aa?o?noue. ?ic?iaeaii iao?e/iee ?ic?aooiie oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo
iieaciee?a ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? iiiaeaiiy ia?eo iaeaaeiaiiy.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue ? aoee noaaeai? ia i?aeia?iaeieo
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo — “Eioi?iaoeeiiiua oaoiieiaee: iaoea,
oaoieea, oaoiieiaey, ia?aciaaiea, caei?iauea” (i. Oa?e?a, OAeIO, 30-31
o?aaiy 1996 ?.; i. Oa?e?a, OAeIO, 12-14 o?aaiy 1997 ?.; i. Oa?e?a,
OAeIO, 12-15 o?aaiy 1999 ?.); ia ?anioae?eainuee?e nooaeaionuee?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Oi?aae?iiy i?aai?caoe??th: oai??y ?
i?aeoeea” (i. Ee?a, Iaoe?iiaeueiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao Oe?a?ie “EI?”,
20-21 aa?aciy 1997 ?.); ia ?a??iiaeuei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie ?a??iiaeueiiai iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai ?icaeoeo” (i.
Oa?e?a, I?ai?/ii-no?aeiee iaoeiaee oeaio? IAI Oe?a?ie, 15-16 o?aaiy 1997
?.). ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?iaaaeaeaii? ia ?yae?
i?aei?e?inoa /i?ii? iaoaeo?a??, cie?aia, ia Ae?iaie/a-iaoeiaee oeaio?
“O?oainoaeue” i.I?eiiieue, Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? iae. ? AAO “Oa?e?anueeee
o?aeoi?iee caaiae”.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe a?aeia?aaeai? o
15 noaooyo ca??iee?a iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, 2 oacao I?aeia?iaeieo
eiioa?aioe?e, 2 oacao ?anioae?eainueeeo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?e,
caaaeueiei ianyaii 4,9 oiiai. ae?oe. a?eoo?a. Iniaenoi aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue
4,2 oiiai. ae?oe. a?eoo?a.

No?oeoo?a e ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio,
o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e, aeiaeaoe?a.
Iiaiee ianya ?iaioe 213 noi??iie, a oiio /ene?: aeei?enoaieo
e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae ( 184 iaeiaioaaiiy) — 13 noi??iie, 5 aeiaeaoe?a —
33 noi??iie. O aeena?oaoe?? iaaaaeaii oaeiae 36 oaaeeoeue, 14 iaethie?a.

INIIAIee ci?no ?iaioe

O anooi? ia??oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue ia?aii? oaie, aecia/ai? iaoa,
caaea/?, ia’?eo ? caaaeueia iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?ice?eoa iaoeiaa
iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a, ?o oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Noai ? ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo oaoi?/iiai
ianeoaiao-aaiiy ? ?aiiioo iaeaaeiaiiy a Oe?a?i?” ?ice?eoi nooue ?
caaea/? nenoaie oaoi?/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy ? ?aiiioo iaeaaeiaiiy,
iaaaaeaii aiae?c /eiiee?a, ui aieeaathoue ia neeaae e ianya ?ia?o ii
?aiiioiiio ianeoaiaoaaiith, aeae?eaii eiai no/ani? oaiaeaioe??; iieacaii
?icaeoie niaoe?ae?ciaaieo ?aiiioieo i?aei?e?inoa ? na?a?niiai
ianeoaiaoaaiiy ye iaei??? c oiia i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ianeoaiaoaaiiy
iaeaaeiaiiy; aecia/aii iniaeeaino? ?eieo ?aiiioieo iineoa e oiiae eiai
ooieoe?iioaaiiy. Aaoi? iieacaa, ui ?ieue NOI??I aaaaoi a /iio caeaaeeoue
a?ae aeiiii?/ii? neooaoe??, iniaeeainoae ?iaanoeoe?eii? oa
aii?oecaoe?eii? iie?oeee. I?iaeaia oo?eiaiiy iaeaaeiaiiy a ?iai/iio
noai? iiaiith i??ith iiaea aooe ae??oaia i?e niieo/aii? aoaeoeaiiai
ianeoaiaoaaiiy oa ?aiiioo iaeaaeiaiiy c iiaiei a?aeoeiaeoaaiiyi ciino ca
?aooiie a?aeiiaeaiiy oaoi?/ii? aace ae?iaieoeoaa. NOI??I ?icaeyaea?oueny
a ?iaio? ye aca?iicaeaaeiee eiiieaen aeaiaio?a, oiaoi ?iaioe e iia?aoe??
ii oaoi?/iiio ianeoaiaoaaiith oa ?aiiioo oaoiieia?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy c
a?aeiia?aeieie i?inoi?iai-/aniaeie, aeaeiaeie ? no?oeoo?ieie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie, iaoa??aeueii-o?oaeiaei oa ?ioi?iaoe?eiei
?ano?nicaaacia/aiiyi, a oaeiae oi?iaie e iaoiaeaie i?aai?caoe?? oa
oi?aae?iiy ?oi?i aeeiiaiiyi c iaoith aoaeoeaii? aenieoaoaoe??
iaeaaeiaiiy i?ioyaii onueiai oa?i?io neoaeae. O ?iaio? iieacaii, ui
na?aae iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ieo /eiiee?a ia nenoaio ae??oaeueia cia/aiiy
ia? IOI. Aaoi?ii aeyaeai? /eiieee ae?? IOI ia nenoaio oaoi?/iiai
ianeoaiaoaaiiy ? ?aiiioo iaeaaeiaiiy (?en.1). I?ae aieeaii IOI
?icoe?th?oueny iaeanoue aoaeoeaiiai canoinoaaiiy NOI??I ii iio?aaao.
Ianya ? ieoiia aaaa ?ia?o, ui aeeiiothoueny ca oe??th nenoaiith
c?inoathoue. I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeoaa?aeaeo?, ui NOI??I
ia?aaeeaa? iiaee aoai, yeee oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iaiao?aei?noth
ianeoaiaoaaiiy eiino?oeoeaii neeaaeieo nenoai. Aiie iio?aaothoue
niaoe?aeueieo ciaiue, iaeaaeiaiiy, a?eueo aeniei? yeino? aeeiiaiiy
?aiiioieo ?ia?o. Iaaeae?, ye iieaco? aeina?ae ?icaeiooeo e?a?i, oey
oaiaeaioe?y aoaea iineethaaoeny. E??i oiai, ca?eueoo?oueny /anoea

i?io?eaeoe/ieo ?ia?o o ii??aiyii? c ?aiiioii. O oie aea /an oe?eeii
a?aeiiaeoeny a?ae eai?oaeueieo ?aiiio?a ia aeicaiey? i? naia oaoi?ea, i?
oaoiieia?y ?aiiio?a, i? iaoa??aee, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny. Iaeiae
o?aaeeoe?eiee eai?oaeueiee ?aiiio iinooia?oueny a?eueo ?aoe?iiaeuei?e
oi?i? a?aeoai?aiiy — eai?oaeueiiio ?aiiioo niieo/aiiio c
iiaea?i?caoe??th, caaaeyee /iio ae?th/a iaeaaeiaiiy iiaea
aeei?enoiaoaaoeny a ?aeeieo oaoiieia?/ieo noaiao ?c i?eioeeiiai iiaei
iaeaaeiaiiyi.

*eiieee, ye? aecia/athoue no/anio ?ieue NOI??I a ?iaeono??aeueieo
e?a?iao cia/ei? e aeey a?o/eciyii? i?iieneiaino?, aeayeith i??ith
a?aeaeaathoue ?o iaeaooi?e noai. E??i oiai, aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? NOI??I aecia/a?oueny aeey oe?a?inueei?
aeiiii?ee e ?ioeie i?e/eiaie. Ii-ia?oa, aenieee nooi?iue ciino iniiaieo
ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a (ii i?iieneiaino? a oe?eiio 48,7%-57,8%, o ?yae?
aaeocae: iaoeiiaoaeoaaii?, o?i?/i?e, iaoaeo?a?ei?e — aei 75%-80%)
ia’?eoeaii iio?aao? aeeiiaiiy aaeeeiai ianyao ?aiiioieo ?ia?o aeey
i?aeo?eiee iaeaaeiaiiy o ?iai/iio noai?. Ii-ae?oaa, aaaeea o?iainiaa
noaiiaeua a?eueoino? i?aei?e?inoa aaciaeo aaeocae i?iieneiaino? ia oii?
c?inoaiiy oe?i ia iaeaaeiaiiy (iacia/iee ?ici?? aii?oecaoe?eieo
a?ae?aooaaiue — aei 1%-7% ia ??e) c?iaeee aoaeoeaia a?aeiiaeaiiy
oaoi?/ii? aace i?aei?e?inoa i?aeoe/ii iaiiaeeeaei. O oe?e neooaoe??
eai?oaeueiee ?aiiio o niieo/aii? c iiaea?i?caoe??th /anoi caeeoa?oueny
?aeeiith oi?iith a?aeoai?aiiy, a ia noa?o NOI??I iieeaaea?oueny iniiaia
iaaaioaaeaiiy ii caaacia/aiith a?aeiiaeaiiy iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ii? aace
i?aei?e?inoa i?iieneiaino?.

O ?iaio? iieacaii, ui aeniea ye?noue aeinyaa?oueny i?e ooieoe?iioaaii?
NOI??I ye ?aeeii? nenoaie, a ye?e ??ciiiai?oi? oi?ie caaiaenueeiai oa
iicacaaiaenueeiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy aio/ei aeiiiaiththoue iaeia iaeio. I?e
oeueiio aeania ?aiiioi? ?iaioe neeaaeathoue eeoa /anoeio eiiieaeno
iineoa, ui caaacia/othoue aoaeoeaia aeei?enoaiiy cania?a ae?iaieoeoaa e
yeeo ia’?aeio? iiiyooy “oaoi?/iee na?a?n”. Niaoe?ae?ciaai? aeeiiaaoe?
i?iiiiothoue oaeiae ??ciiiai?oi? iineoae ii oaoi?/iiio ni?eyiith o
ai?iaaaeaeaii? ? aenieoaoaoe?? iaeaaeiaiiy, eiinoeueoothoue c ieoaiue
cieaeaiiy aeo?ao ii NOI??I. Ae?iaieee iaeaaeiaiiy oaeiae ?icoe?ththoue
niaeo? ae?yeueiino? o oe?e noa?? (noai?ththoue oeaio?e iiaea?i?caoe??,
o??iiaiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy iaeaaeiaiiy, aeaioiaeaiiai eiieo?aioaie;
?icaeaathoue ia?aae? na?a?nieo no?oeoo?). sse iieacaa aiae?c, o
?icaeiooeo e?a?iao noa?a na?a?niiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy — iaeei ?c iaea?eueo
aeeiai?/ieo naaiaio?a ?eieo. A?i oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aino?ith
eiieo?aioiith ai?ioueaith i?ae ae?iaieeaie iaeaaeiaiiy e ?ioeie
aeeiiaaoeyie iineoa. O ?iaio? aeyaey?oueny ia’?i ?eieo na?a?nieo iineoa,
aeae?eythoueny iniaeeaino? oa caeiiii??iino? eiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy.
Iniiaieie oiiaaie oi?ioaaiiy ?eieo na?a?nieo iineoa ia iaoo aeoieo ?:
a?eueiee aea?? ia?oia??a ii ainiiaea?nueeeo ca’yceao; iayai?noue
eiieo?aioe?? i?ae ae?iaieeaie iaeaaeiaiiy, niaoe?ae?ciaaieie ?aiiioieie
i?aei?e?inoaaie e ?ioeie aeeiiaaoeyie iineoa; naiino?ei?noue aeiiii?/ieo
noa’?eo?a.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea ?aiiioiiai
ianeoaiaoaaiiy niaoe?ae?ciaaieie i?aei?e?inoaaie” ia i?eeeaae? ia?o ca
ana i?aei?e?inoa /i?ii? iaoaeo?a?? i?iaiae?ciaaii iioaioe?ae aaeocaai?
?aiiioii? aace, aeine?aeaeaii iniaeeaino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?aiiioieo
i?aei?e?inoa ??ciiai ??aiy oeaio?ae?caoe??, ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo oa
aeeiiaii aiae?c aieeao ??ciiiai?oieo /eiiee?a ia aeo?aoe ?aiiioiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa. Aeine?aeaeaiiy e aiae?c aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a iieacaee,
ui iaoaeo?a?eiee eiiieaen oi/a e caciaa cia/ieo ao?ao, i?ioa caeia?
aaaeeeaa i?noea a no?oeoo?? i?iieneiaino? ? aaea ia?iuo? ianyae
ae?iaieoeoaa. *anoea iaoaeo?a?? a i?iieneiaino? a 1997 ?. neeaea ii
oiaa?i?e i?iaeoeoe?? — 22,7%; ii aa?oino? iniiaieo oiiae?a — 13%; ii
/enaeueiino? ?ia?oiee?a — 6,5%; ii niiaeeaaiith aeaeo?iaia?a?? ? iaeeaa
— 29,8%. Aaeocue aeeth/a? 80 ??cieo a??ie/iaeiaoaieo ? ia?a?iaieo
i?aei?e?inoa, 809 /aaoiiieeaa?ieo ? noaeaeeaa?ieo oeao?a ? caaiae?a. O
1997 ?. i?ney aeayeiai iie?ioaiiy ?iaioe noi?aeieo aoaeaaeaeiaoaii? ?
aia?aaoe/ii? aaeocae, a oaeiae iaeiie/aiiy ii?ooaey caiiaeaiue c?inei
na?aaeiueiaeiaiaa ae?iaieoeoai aieiaieo aeae?a iaoaeii?iaeoeoe??,
ia?ae?eaoe na?aaeiueiaeiaia? iieacieee 1996 ?. ii aioiaiio i?ieaoo — ia
12,6%; noae? — ia 12,5%; /aaoio ia — 12,3%; cae?ci?oaei?e ne?iaei? — ia
11,8%. Ca i?iaiicaie aeione on?o aeae?a iaoaeo?a?eii? i?iaeoeoe?? aei
2000 ?. ca?eueoeoueny, oi/a e noaiiaeoeia 50%-70% ianyao 1990 ?.
Aeeiiaii aiae?c ciino iniiaieo oiiae?a /i?ii? iaoaeo?a?? (oaae. 1). I?e
oeueiio ia ie?aieo i?aei?e?inoaao ciin iniiaieo oiiae?a ua aeuee. Oae, o
AAO “Einoyioei?anueeee iaoaeo?a?eiee caaiae” — 61,0%; AOCO “Eienai” —
69,7%; AOCO “Oa?e?anueeee eienio?i?/iee caaiae” — 64,7%; I?eiiieuenueeee
i?aaeaiiio?oaiee caaiae — 63,9%; AO “Oa?e?anueeee iaoeciee caaiae” —
68,4%. Ciioai?noue oiiae?a i?ecaiaeeoue aei iia??oaiiy aeiiii?/ieo
iieaciee?a i?aei?e?inoa. Iai?eeeaae, ?aioaaaeuei?noue i?iaeoeoe?? a
1997 ?. ia oeo aea Einoyioei?anueeiio iaoaeo?a?eiiio caaiae? noaiiaeea (
40,82%), AOCO “Eienai” — ( 7,0%), AOCO “Oa?e?anueeee eienio?i?/iee
caaiae” — ( 24,7%), I?eiiieuenueeiio i?aaeaiiio?oaiiio caaiae? — (-
6,62%), AO “Oa?e?anueeee iaoeciee caaiae” — ( 33,38%).

Oaaeeoey 1

Caeeoeiaa aa?o?noue ? ciin iniiaieo oiiae?a o /i?i?e iaoaeo?a??

Oe?a?ie ia 01.01.99 ?.

Iaeiaioaaiiy ia’?aeiaiiy, i?aei?e?inoaaCaeeoeiaa aa?o?noue,
oen.a?i.Ciinii aa?oino?, oen.a?i.o
%Iaoaeo?a?ei?109994081383467055,7Oa?inieaai?62310771709853,5Oe?eien16765
98204655855,0Oe??oaei?ii6336041727712853,5Oe?o?oaii?ii1482742197561857,1
Oe?iaoae?iae63115573220353,7Oe?aoi?/a?iao19814121992752,6Onueiai ii
/i?i?e iaoaeo?a??219666362681947455,0Cia/ia ciioai?noue iniiaieo
oiiae?a, ui i?aeoe/ii ia iiiiaiththoueny iiaeie iaaeoiaeaeaiiyie,
aeiaaa? a?ae i?aei?e?inoa aaeoc? aaeeeeo iaoa??aeueieo aeo?ao ia ?oith
i?aeo?eieo a ?iai/iio noai?. ?aiiioii oa ianeoaiaoaaiiyi iaeaaeiaiiy a
aaeoc? caeiyoi a?eueo 30% a?ae caaaeueii? /enaeueiino?
i?iieneiai-ae?iaie/iai ia?niiaeo (IAI) (oaae.2).

Oaaeeoey 2

*enaeuei?noue i?aoethth/eo, o oiio /ene? ?aiiioiiai ia?niiaeo

a iaoaeo?a?? Oe?a?ie.

Iaeiaioaaiiy i?aei?e?inoa,

ia’?aeiaiueNa?aaeiueiiae?eiaa /enaeuei?noue ?ia?oiee?a ii ?ieai Onueiai
ia?niiaeo,

/ie.A o./. IAI,

/ie.O o./. ?aiiioiee?a,
/ie.199619971996199719961997Iaoaeo?a?ei?21492623320218931920404557448623
56Oa?inieaai?1411513395110921108933943438Oe?eien356443503130198301659392
9442Oe??oaei?ii11562711653968058993962981030416Oe?o?oaii?ii5494055244423
20431901328813948Oe?iaoae?iae1834416481141241269141803820Oe?aoi?/a?iao65
3865685230532015691596Onueiai ii /i?i?e
iaoaeo?a??460134476460390431405896119081125016Niinoa??aa?oueny
oaiaeaioe?y ca?eueoaiiy /enaeueiino? ?aiiioiiai ia?niiaeo
aaciina?aaeiuei ia i?aei?e?inoaao ? nei?i/aiiy eiai a niaoe?ae?ciaaieo
o?anoao ii ?aiiioo e ia ?aiiioieo caaiaeao, ui iiynith?oueny, ii-ia?oa,
??ceei cieaeaiiyi aeioneo i?iaeoeoe?? /i?ii? iaoaeo?a?? ?, a?aeiia?aeii,
ciaioaiiyi aeei?enoaiiy ae?iaie/eo iiooaeiinoae; ii-ae?oaa, a?aeiiaith
a?ae iineoa niaoe?ae?ciaaieo ?aiiioieo i?ae?icae?e?a aaeoc? /a?ac
iaia??oioiaaio i?aeaeuaio aa?o?noue ?aiiioieo iineoa, iaye?niee ?aiiio,
ii?ooaiiy oa?i?i?a ?aiiioo oa ?i.

O aeena?oaoe?? aeey ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ?aiiioiiai ae?iaieoeoaa aoea
?ic?iaeaia a?aeiia?aeia aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue. I?e oeueiio aoee
iiaoaeiaai? aaaaoioaeoi?i? ?aa?aneai? caeaaeiino? ca iaoa??aeaie ca?oieo
aeaieo 1996-1998 ?.?. i?i ainiiaea?nueeo ae?yeuei?noue neoaea aieiaiiai
iaoai?ea 40 i?aei?e?inoa aaeoc?. Ia iniia? eia?/iiai oa a?ao?/iiai
aiae?co aoee aea?ai? ye caeaaei? ci?ii? (iniiai? iieacieee)
caaaeueiii?eeiyo? a /i?i?e iaoaeo?a?? aeo?aoe ia ?aiiio ? oaoi?/ia
ianeoaiaoaaiiy iaeaaeiaiiy (wmetafile8? ??niiniaii; wmetafile8?
??¶???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? ?????&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyyA??/?? ???&?
?MathType??`????uAth??????

wmetafile8? ??E???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?@(???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy?(??/?? ???&? ?MathType??`????u
th??????Aeeiiai? ?ic?aooiee ia i?aenoaa? oaeoe/ieo aeaieo i?aei?e?inoa
/i?ii? iaoaeo?a?? ca iaaaaeaieie oi?ioeaie e io?eiai? cia/aiiy
eiao?oe??io?a ei?aeyoe?? iieacothoue aeineoue o?niee e?i?eiee ca’ycie
caeaaeieo ci?iieo wmetafile8? ??

wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
`a???&??yyyy?????Ayyy1/4yyy ?? ?? ???&? ?MathType??
???uAth??????

(4)

Io?eiai? ?aa?aneai? iiaeae? aeicaieythoue i?aei?e?inoaai i?iaiaeeoe
aiae?c, i?iaiicoaaoe aeo?aoe ia ?aiiioia ae?iaieoeoai, cae?enithaaoe
?aiaee?oaaiiy /eiiee?a ii nooiaith ?o aieeao ia ?acoeueoaoeai?
iieacieee; ia??oioiaoaaoe /enaeuei?noue ia?niiaeo, caeiyoiai
i?iaaaeaiiyi ?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “?ic?iaea iaoiae?a i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? nenoai
oaoi?/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy ? ?aiiioo iaeaaeiaiiy a oiiaao ?eieiai?
aeiiii?ee” ia??oioiaaii i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/io noaio iiaoaeiae ?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy na?a?niiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy, aeeeaaeaii iaoiaee/iee
i?aeo?ae aei anoaiiaeaiiy oe?i ia iineoae ii NOI??I, cai?iiiiiaaii
aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue ieaioaaiiy e i?aai?caoe?? ?aiiioiiai
ianeoaiaoaaiiy ia iniia? ?aa?aneaieo iiaeaeae. Aiae?c oaiaeaioe?e, ui
neeaaeathoueny o a?o/eciyi?e i?iieneiaino?, ? na?oiaiai aeina?aeo
i?aai?caoe?? ?aiiioiiai ae?iaieoeoaa aea? i?aenoaae noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui o
oe?e noa?? aoaeooue ae?yoe oae? aeeiiaaoe? iineoa: i?aai?caoe??, ye?
aoiaeyoue aei nenoaie ae?iaiee?a iaeaaeiaiiy (o??iiaee na?a?n);
niaoe?ae?ciaai? ?aiiioi? i?aei?e?inoaa, ui oi?iothoueny ca
oa?eoi??aeueiith iciaeith; ?aiiioi? i?ae?icae?ee i?aei?e?inoa —
niiaeeaa/?a ?aiiioieo iineoa. Aaoi?ii ?icaeyiooi oae? oeyoe ?icaeoeo
NOI??I: 1) ia?aoai?aiiy noi?iiaaii? ?aiiioii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e a iai?yieo
a?eueoiai o?aooaaiiy ?ioa?an?a niiaeeaa/?a; 2) noai?aiiy ei?enooaa/aie
iaeaaeiaiiy na?a?nieo i?aei?e?inoa o aeaeyae? eiiiai?e-noiooiee?a; 3)
noai?aiiy niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e a?oiith i?aei?e?inoa
(ei?enooaa/?a ? ae?iaiee?a iaeaaeiaiiy). ?icaeoie o??iiaiai na?a?no
iaiaaeaii oaeeie /eiieeaie: iecueea iaeiiiiaeaeuei?noue,
iao?ainii?oaaaeuei?noue iaeaaeiaiiy, ?icina?aaeaeai?noue ?aiiioiiai
oiiaeo. Nooi?iue ioiieaiiy iei iaeaaeiaiiy iiaea aooe cia/ii aeuei,
ai?ae oaia?, yeui, ii-ia?oa, i?aeoiaeeoe aei ae??oaiiy oe??? i?iaeaie
aeeoa?aioe?eiaaii, o caeaaeiino? a?ae niaoeeo?ee iaeaaeiaiiy,
?icoaooaaiiy ei?enooaa/?a (i?aai?caoe?y o?e?e, iii?ieo ioieo?a,
iaenoa?aiue ia ieiuao niiaeeaa/?a, ae?cieo a?eaaae niaoe?ae?no?a), a
ii-ae?oaa, aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeey ?icaeoeo o??iiaiai na?a?no ?aiiioio
?io?ano?oeoo?o, ui neeaeany. Aeey oeueiai i?iiiio?oueny aeei?enoiaoaaoe
o?ai/aeceia oa e?ceia. Aeae?eaiiy e?ceiaiai? ae?yeueiino? ye /eiieea, ui
noeioeth? ?icaeoie ?eieo na?a?nieo iineoa, iaoiiaeaia, ni?eyoeeaeie
ia?niaeoeaaie e?ceiaiaiai a?ciano oa na?oiaei aeina?aeii e?ceiaiai?
ae?yeueiino?. A Oe?a?i? ua ia neeaeany ?io?ano?oeoo?a ?eieo e?ceiaiaeo
iineoa, ui iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye neaaeo noi?iio a?o/eciyiiai e?ceiaiaiai
i?aei?e?iieoeoaa. O ?iaio? cai?iiiiiaaii noai?aiiy aei/??i?o eiiiai?e
aeey iaaeaiiy na?a?nieo iineoa ye iaei??? c oi?i ?aae?caoe??
caoe?eaaeaiino? ei?enooaa/?a iaeaaeiaiiy o ?icaeoeo na?a?nii?
?io?ano?oeoo?e.

Aca?iiae?? aeeiiaaoe?a ? niiaeeaa/?a, o noa?? ui aeine?aeaeo?oueny,
iathoue ?noioi? a?aei?iiino? (oo?eiaiiy oa no?oeoo?a ?ia?o, ?oiy
ia??iaee/i?noue, o?eaae?noue aca?iiae?e, oa?aeoa? ciaia’ycaiue, nooi?iue
o?aooaaiiy iniaeeainoae niiaeeaa/?a, e?euee?noue aeeiiaaoe?a oiui).
Eiaeiee ?c aeae?a aca?iiae?e ia? iniaeeaino?, ui aeaei i?aenoaao
cai?iiiioaaoe o?e i?eioeeiia? noaie iieaoe: ca ?aeeieie oe?iaie
(oa?eoaie); ca oeiii aaiiaiaioa; ca ?iaeea?aeoaeueieie eiio?aeoieie
oe?iaie. Iaeanoue canoinoaaiiy oa?eo?a — aeeiiaiiy oeiiaeo ?aiiioieo
?ia?o, ciainiaeaieo ?aiiio?a oe?ieiai aeei?enoaiiy (aeey aeaiiai
naaiaioa ?eieo ?aiiioieo iineoa oa?aeoa?ia iaea?eueo oe?iea eiei
aeeiiaaoe?a ? niiaeeaa/?a, ?icaeiooa eiieo?aioe?y, oiiae aeey aeyaeaiiy
? anoaiiaeaiiy oe?ie ??aiiaaae). Iieaoa ca oa?eoaie iiaeiia ia?aaeaa/aoe
iiaeeea?noue aeeoa?aioe?thaaiiy oe?i o caeaaeiino? a?ae oaoi?/iiai
noaio, nooiaiy ciino iaeaaeiaiiy, caniao aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o
(oeaio?ae?ciaaiiai aai aeaoeaio?ae?ciaaiiai), a oaeiae aeiiiaithaaoeny
nenoaiith yeino? aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o ? a?aoiaoaaoe ?iaeaen oe?i.
Cai?iiaiiiaia aaoi?ii oi?ioea ?ic?aooieo oe?ie ia? oaeee aeae:

wmetafile8? ??-???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
A`,???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy ,??o?? ???&? ?MathType???????u
th??????aea: NO – nia?aa?o?noue ?ia?o, ?ic?aoiaaia ca anoaiiaeaieie
aeeiiaaoeai oa?eoaie, a?i.; wmetafile8? ??¶????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy???/?? ???&?
?MathType??`????uAth??????Oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei noaaeoue
ia?aae noi?iiaie, ui aca?iiae?thoue ia oeueiio ?eieo, i?iaeaio
iaoeiai-ia??oioiaaieo iieaciee?a aeey aeai?o oi?i ? iaoiae?a
i?aai?caoe?? ?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy. A ?o iniiao iaiao?aeii iieeanoe
i?eioeeie ?ic?aooieo eiie?aoieo a?ao?e?a ?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy ia
aac? iioei?caoe?? caaaioaaeaiiy ?aiiioiiai ia?niiaeo a oiiaao
aecia/aii? oi?ie i?aai?caoe?? (oeaio?ae?ciaaii? e aeaoeaio?ae?ciaaii?).
Ciaoiaeaeaiiy ??aiy oeaio?ae?caoe?? cae?enith?oueny c aeei?enoaiiyi
iioei?caoe?? oa e?euee?niiai aiae?co eiie?aoieo a?ao?e?a ?aiiioiiai
ianeoaiaoaaiiy. ?c neacaiiai aeua aeieeaa?, ui ?niothoue aeaye? a?aie/i?
cia/aiiy ??aiy oeaio?ae?caoe?? (aecia/aia e?euee?noue ?aiiioiiai
ia?niiaeo). Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue caaea/? iiaea aooe iiaeaia o aeaeyae?:

wmetafile8? ??]???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?????&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy@??/?? ???&? ?MathType??`?
???u?????????»????-?????¬?J???¬????uAth??????aea:
wmetafile8? ??¶????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
? ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy`??/?? ???&?
?MathType??`????uAth??????O i?ioean? ?ic?aooie?a ??aiy oeaio?ae?caoe??
?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy ia?aaeaa/a?oueny ciaoiaeaeaiiy iioeiaeueieo
a?ao?e?a ?aiiio?a onueiai iaeaaeiaiiy, yea aoiaeeoue o ciio
oeaio?ae?ciaaiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy, a oaeiae ?ic?aooiie caeaaeiinoae, ui
oa?aeoa?ecothoue eiao?oe??io aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a i?e ??cieo
??aiyo oeaio?ae?caoe?? ia?niiaeo e ianya?a ?ia?o. Iioeiaeueia ??oaiiy
aeinyaa?oueny ca ?aooiie oaeiai cnoao aaciaeo a?ao?e?a ?aiiioo iaeei
a?aeiinii ?ioiai, i?e yeiio aeinyaa?oueny i?i?i?caoe?y aeo?ao a?ae
ia??aiii??iiai aeei?enoaiiy ?aiiioieo ?ano?n?a (?en. 2).

C?iaeai? iaie aiae?oe/i? oa ieaiia? ?ic?aooiee ?aiiioiiai ae?iaieoeoaa
aeicaieeee iaea?aeaoe caeaaeiino?, ui aecia/athoue /anoee ?ia?o, ye?
aeeiiothoueny oeaio?ae?ciaaiei, aai aeaoeaio?ae?ciaaiei niiniaaie
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th??????

Aeniiaee.

1. Aeine?aeaeaiiy NOI??I ??ciiai ??aiy oeaio?ae?caoe?? iieacaei, ui aiia
ia noaea ?aaeaiaioiaaiith, aea iino?eii i?enoiniao?oueny aei ci?i
eii’thieoo?e, ia?ai???ioiao?oueny a?aeiia?aeii aei aeiia ei?enooaa/?a
iaeaaeiaiiy. Iaeiei c iaeaaaeeea?oeo iai?yie?a i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
NOI??I ? iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie ae?yeueiino? niaoe?ae?ciaaieo ?aiiioieo
i?aei?e?inoa o??iiaiai na?a?no, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny a?o/eciyiei ?
caei?aeiiiei aeina?aeii.

2. Aeey ia’?eoeaii? ioe?iee /eiiee?a, ui aieeaathoue ia aoaeoeai?noue
NOI??I cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea, yea iiaoaeiaaia ia iniia? ?aa?aneaiiai
aiae?co ? aeicaiey? i?i?aiaee?oaaoe aieea iacaeaaeieo oaeoi??a ia
aeo?aoe ii NOI??I.

3. Ia iniia? ocaaaeueiaiiy a?o/eciyiiai oa ca?oa?aeiiai aeina?aeo a
iaeano? aeei?enoaiiy NOI??I aeae?eaii oae? a?oie ainiiaea?/eo noa’?eo?a,
ye? iiaeii? aooe ia iaoiio ?eieo iineoa: i?aai?caoe??, ye? aoiaeyoue aei
nenoaie aeaioiaeaiiy ae?iaie/iai iaeaaeiaiiy (oiaoi naiino?eii
cae?enithth/? o??iiaee na?a?n); niaoe?ae?ciaai? ?aiiioi? i?aei?e?inoaa,
ui ae?thoue ca oa?eoi??aeueiith iciaeith; i?aei?e?inoaa, aeey yeeo
?aiiioia ae?iaieoeoai ia ? i?io?eueiei, aea iia’ycaia c iniiaiei
iai?yieii ae?yeueiino? (e?ceiaia? o??ie; i?aai?caoe??, ui i?aoeththoue
ia iiaoi?iiio ?eieo iaeaaeiaiiy oa ?i.).

4. I?e iieao? ca eiio?aeoii oe?ia iiaeiia a?aoiaoaaoe ??ciiiai?oi?
aenieoaoaoe?ei? oa ?aiiioi? iniaeeaino? ianeoaiaoaaiiy iaoei. ?ic?iaeai?
a aeena?oaoe?? iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii anoaiiaeaiith eiio?aeoii?
oe?ie ia?aaeaa/athoue ia??oiooaaiiy aa?oiuei? e ieaeiuei? iaae? ye c
oi/ee ci?o niiaeeaa/a, oae ? c oi/ee ci?o aeeiiaaoey ?aiiioieo iineoa.

5. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo a?ao?ea ?aiiioieo ?ia?o, yea
aeicaiey? aecia/aoe iioeiaeueio /enaeuei?noue ?aiiioiiai ia?niiaeo aeey
i?iaaaeaiiy ?ia?o ii NOI??I i?e ??cieo ??aiyo oeaio?ae?caoe??.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeueca oaiith aeena?oaoe??:

1. Iiai?aeia N.I. Eiiieaeniay nenoaia oaoie/aneiai ianeoaeeaaiey e
?aiiioa iai?oaeiaaiey (ENOIe?I). // Aanoiee OAIO. Oaoie/aneee i?ia?ann e
yooaeoeaiinoue i?iecaiaenoaa.– Oa?ueeia: OAIO.– 1996.– ?20.– N.64-68.

2. Iiai?aeia N.I. Aeeyiea i?aaiecaoeeiiii-oaoie/aneeo e yeiiiie/aneeo
oaeoi?ia ia nenoaio oaoie/aneiai ianeoaeeaaiey e ?aiiioa iai?oaeiaaiey.
// Aanoiee OAIO. Oaoie/aneee i?ia?ann e yooaeoeaiinoue i?iecaiaenoaa.–
Oa?ueeia: OAIO.– 1997.– ?22.– N.64-67.

3. Iiai?aeia N.I. Iaiauathuee iieacaoaeue yeiiiie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe
nenoaiu oaoie/aneiai ianeoaeeaaiey e ?aiiioa oaoiieiae/aneiai
iai?oaeiaaiey. // Aanoiee OAIO. Oaoie/aneee i?ia?ann e yooaeoeaiinoue
i?iecaiaenoaa.– Oa?ueeia: OAIO.– 1998.– ?25.– N.134-139.

4. Iiai?aeia N.I. ?aiiioiua oneoae a noa?a oe?iaiiiai na?aena. //
Aanoiee OAIO. Oaoie/aneee i?ia?ann e yooaeoeaiinoue i?iecaiaenoaa.–
Oa?ueeia: OAIO.– 1998.– ?26.– N.41-47.

5. Iiai?aeia N.I. Iaoiaeeee ieaie?iaaiey e i?aaiecaoeee ?aiiioiiai
i?iecaiaenoaa ia iniiaa ?aa?anneiiiuo iiaeaeae. // Aanoiee OAIO.
Oaoie/aneee i?ia?ann e yooaeoeaiinoue i?iecaiaenoaa.– Oa?ueeia: OAIO.–
1999.– ?27.– N.109-116.

6. Iiai?aeia N.I. Yeiiiieei-iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue ioeaie ?aaiou
?aiiioiiai i?iecaiaenoaa. // Aanoiee OAYO. – Oa?ueeia: OAYO. – 1999. –
?2. – N.100-102.

7. Iiai?aeia N.I., Oeiioaaa A.I., Iiai?aeiaa O.A. E?eoa?ee ioeaiee
yeiiiie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe iaiiaeaiey oaoiieiae/aneiai iai?oaeiaaiey a
iaoeiino?iaiee. // Aanoiee OAIO. Oaoie/aneee i?ia?ann e yooaeoeaiinoue
i?iecaiaenoaa.– Oa?ueeia: OAIO.– 1996.– ?20.– N.23-25.

Aaoi?ii aecia/ai? iniiai? iciaee, ca aeiiiiiaith yeeo aecia/a?oueny
aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue iiiaeaiiy oa ?aiiioo ia?ea oaoiieia?/iiai
iaeaaeiaiiy.

8. Iiai?aeia N.I., Iiai?aeia I.E., Oi?aaiei I.E. Iniaaiiinoe iaoiaeeee
ii?ie?iaaiey cao?ao ia eaieoaeueiue ?aiiio oaoiieiae/aneiai
iai?oaeiaaiey a iaoeiino?iaiee. // Aanoiee OAIO. Oaoie/aneee i?ia?ann e
yooaeoeaiinoue i?iecaiaenoaa.– Oa?ueeia: OAIO.– 1996.– ?20.– N.106-109.

Aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeai? iieacieee, ui iieeaaeai? a iniiao iaoiaeeee
ii?ioaaiiy aeo?ao ia eai?oaeueiee ?aiiio i?e ii?iaoeaiiio iae?eo.

9. Iiai?aeia N.I., Ia?a?aa I.A. Iieacaoaee yeiiiie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe
iaiiaeaiey ia?ea oaoiieiae/aneiai iai?oaeiaaiey e iaoiaeu eo ?an/aoa. //
Aanoiee OAIO. Oaoie/aneee i?ia?ann e yooaeoeaiinoue i?iecaiaenoaa.–
Oa?ueeia: OAIO.– 1997.– ?22.– N.5-10.

Aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeai? iieacieee oaoi?/iiai noaio oaoiieia?/iiai
iaeaaeiaiiy; ?ic?iaeaii iao?e/ia ?ic?aooaaiiy oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo
iieaciee?a ?ic?aooi-

eo aoaeoeaiino? iiiaeaiiy ia?eo iaeaaeiaiiy.

10. Iiai?aeia N.I. ?ieue i?aaiecaoeee ianeoaeeaaiey e ?aiiioa
iai?oaeiaaiey eae oaeoi?a eioaineoeeaoeee i?iecaiaenoaa. // Aanoiee
OAIO. Oaoie/aneee i?ia?ann e yooaeoeaiinoue i?iecaiaenoaa.– Oa?ueeia:
OAIO.– 1997.– ?22.– N.79-82.

11. Iiai?aeia N.I. O/ao iio?aaeaiey yeaeo?iyia?aee oaoiieiae/aneei
iai?oaeiaaieai, eae aiciiaeiinoue nie?auaiey i?inoiaa iai?oaeiaaiey a
ieaiiauo ?aiiioao. // Aanoiee OAIO. Oaoie/aneee i?ia?ann e
yooaeoeaiinoue i?iecaiaenoaa.– Oa?ueeia: OAIO.– 1998.– ?25.– N.112-117.

12. Iiai?aeia N.I., Oeiioaaa Ae.A. Eciaiaiea cao?ao ii OI?OI iiae
aeeyieai oaeoi?ia iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe ieaie?iaaiey no?oeoo?u e
eniieueciaaiey iai?oaeiaaiey. // Aanoiee OAIO. Oaoie/aneee i?ia?ann e
yooaeoeaiinoue i?iecaiaenoaa.– Oa?ueeia: OAIO.– 1998.– ?25.– N.123-127.

Aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeai? iniiai? iai?yiee aoaeoeaiino? oaoi?/iiai
ianeoaiaoaaiiy ? ?aiiioo oaoiieia?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy (OI?OI) ia i?aenoaa?
?aca?a?a i?aeiyooy aoaeoeaiino? i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e,
ooieoe?iiaeueieo ca’yce?a, ieaioaaiiy oa ioe?iee e?ioeaaeo ?acoeueoao?a.

13. Iiai?aeia N.I. Oe?iaiiue na?aen, eae oaeoi? eioaineoeeaoeee
oaoie/aneiai ianeoaeeaaiey e ?aiiioa iai?oaeiaaiey. // Aanoiee OAIO.
Oaoie/aneee i?ia?ann e yooaeoeaiinoue i?iecaiaenoaa.– Oa?ueeia: OAIO.–
1998.– ?26.– N.83-87.

14. Iiai?aeia N.I., Aania I.I. Ii?iaoeau cao?ao ia ?aiiio
yeaeo?ioaoie/aneiai iai?oaeiaaiey. // Iaoa?eaeu iaaeaeoia?iaeiie
iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee “Eioi?iaoeeiiiua oaoiieiaee: iaoea,
oaoieea, ia?aciaaiea, caei?iauea” (30-31 iay 1996a.). *anoue
2.-Oa?ueeia: OAIO.-1996.-N.101

Aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaia eeaneo?eaoe?y aeo?ao ia ?aiiio iaeaaeiaiiy ii
niiniaai ?o a?aeianaiiy ia nia?aa?o?noue i?iaeoeoe??.

15. Iiai?aeia N.I. Iieacaoaee yeiiiie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe iaiiaeaiey
oaoiieiae/aneiai iai?oaeiaaiey a iaoeiino?iaiee. // Iaoa?eaeu
nooaeai/aneie iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee “Oi?aae?iiy
i?aai?caoe??th: oai??y ? i?aeoeea” (20-21 aa?aciy 1997?.) IOOO
“EI?”.-Ee?a: EI?.-1997.-N.171-172.

16. Iiai?aeia N.I. Niaa?oainoaiaaiea i?aaiecaoeee e no?oeoo?u ?aiiioiiai
i?iecaiaenoaa – aaaeiue oaeoi? aai yooaeoeaiinoe. // Iaoa?eaeu
iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee (15-16 o?aaiy 1997?.) “Aeooaeuei?
i?iaeaie ?aa?iiaeueiiai iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai ?icaeoeo”-Oa?e?a:
I?aaeaiii-No?aeiee iaoeiaee oeaio? IAI Oe?a?ie.-1997.-N.74-77.

17.  Iiai?aeia N.I. Iooe iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe ?aiiioia
oaoiieiae/aneiai iai?oaeiaaiey. // Iaoa?eaeu iaaeaeoia?iaeiie
iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee “Eioi?iaoeeiiiua oaoiieiaee: iaoea,
oaoieea, oaoiieiaey, ia?aciaaiea, caei?iauea” (12-14 iay 1997a.). *anoue
1.– Oa?ueeia: OAIO.-1997.– N.437-439.

Aiioaoe??

Iiai??eia N.I. Oaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie oaoi?/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy ?
?aiiioo iaeaaeiaiiy (ia i?eeeaae? i?aei?e?inoa /i?ii? iaoaeo?a??). –
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.07. 01 – aeiiii?ea i?iieneiaino?. – Oa?e?anueeee
aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, Oa?e?a 1999.

?icaeyaeathoueny ieoaiiy oaeineiiaeaiiy ?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy a
oiiaao ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei. Aeeiiaii aiae?c oai?aoe/ieo oa i?aeoe/ieo
aniaeo?a ?aiiio?a ia no/aniiio aoai?. Cai?iiiiiaaii iiaeaeue nenoaie
oaoi?/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy ? ?aiiioo iaeaaeiaiiy (NOI??I) oa aecia/ai?
iai?yiee ?? aoaeoeaiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee
?aiiioiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy c aeei?enoaiiyi ?aa?aneaieo iiaeaeae. Aeyaeaii
iniiai? a?oie ainiiaea?/eo ia’?eo?a, ye? iiaeii? ae?yoe ia a?o/eciyiiio
?eieo ?aiiioieo iineoa a oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee. ?ic?iaeaii
iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii oaeineiiaeaiith oe?iiooai?aiiy ia ?aiiioi?
iineoae. Noai?aia aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue ieaioaaiiy e
i?aai?caoe?? NOI??I.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?aiiio? iineoae, na?a?nia ianeoaiaoaaiiy,
oe?iiooai?aiiy, aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue.

Pogorelov S.N. Improvement of the system of equipment technical
maintenance and repair (on an example of enterprises of black
metallurgy). — Manuscript.

Thesis for a Candidate of Economical Sciences Degree in Specialty
08.07.01 — Industrial Economics. — Kharkov State Polytechnic University,
Kharkov 1999.

The problems of improvement of repair service under conditions of market
relations are considered. The analysis of theoretical and practical
aspects of repair service at the present stage is carried out. The model
of the system of equipment technical maintenance and repair (STM and SR)
is proposed, the directions of its effective operation are defined. The
methods of repair efficiency assessment on the basis of regressive
models are proposed. The organizational and legal problems of
maintenance (organization) are considered. The methodical
recommendations on improvement of price formation for repair service are
proposed. The economic-mathematical model of planning and organization
of STM and SRM is elaborated.

Key words: repairing service, service maintenance, price formation,
economic-mathematical model.

Iiai?aeia N.I. Niaa?oainoaiaaiea nenoaiu oaoie/aneiai ianeoaeeaaiey e
?aiiioa iai?oaeiaaiey (ia i?eia?a i?aaei?eyoee /a?iie iaoaeeo?aee). —
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.07.01 — yeiiiieea i?iiuoeaiiinoe. — Oa?ueeianeee
ainoaea?noaaiiue iieeoaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao, Oa?ueeia 1999.

?anniao?eaathony aii?inu niaa?oainoaiaaiey ?aiiioiiai ianeoaeeaaiey a
oneiaeyo ?uii/iuo ioiioaiee. Auiieiai aiaeec oai?aoe/aneeo e
i?aeoe/aneeo aniaeoia ?aiiioia ia nia?aiaiiii yoaia. I?aaeeiaeaia
iiaeaeue nenoaiu oaoie/aneiai ianeoaeeaaiey e ?aiiioa iai?oaeiaaiey
(NOIe?I) e ?ane?uou oaiaeaioeee a? ?acaeoey (oneeaiea i?ioeeaeoe/aneie
iai?aaeaiiinoe ianeoaeeaaiey, ?anoe?aiea aeeaiaciia ?aiiioiuo oneoa,
i?aaeeaaaaiuo niaoeeaeece?iaaiiuie i?aaei?eyoeyie, oe?iaiiue na?aen e
i?.). ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea ioeaiee ?aiiioiiai ianeoaeeaaiey n
eniieueciaaieai ?aa?anneiiiuo iiaeaeae. Auyaeaiu iniiaiua a?oiiu
oicyenoaaiiuo iauaeoia, eioi?ua aeieaeiu aoaeoo aeaenoaiaaoue ia
ioa/anoaaiiii ?uiea ?aiiioiuo oneoa a oneiaeyo ?uii/iie yeiiiieee.
?ac?aaioaiu iaoiaee/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii niaa?oainoaiaaieth
oeaiiia?aciaaiey a ?aiiioiii i?iecaiaenoaa, eioi?ua i?aaeoniao?eaatho
iainiiaaiea aa?oiae e ieaeiae oeaiu eae n oi/ee c?aiey iio?aaeoaey, oae
e n oi/ee c?aiey eniieieoaey ?aiiioiuo oneoa. Nicaeaia iaoiaeeea
ieaie?iaaiey e i?aaiecaoeee NOIe?I, eioi?ay iicaieyao ia iniiaa
eniieueciaaiey yeiiiieei-iaoaiaoe/aneeo iiaeaeae: auiieiyoue iino?iaiea
iioeiaeueiuo a?aoeeia ?aiiioia e oaoie/aneiai ianeoaeeaaiey
iai?oaeiaaiey, aoiaeyuaai a aeaiioth ciio oeaio?aeeciaaiiiai
ianeoaeeaaiey; inouanoaeyoue ?an/ao caaeneiinoae, oa?aeoa?ecothueo
eiyooeoeeaio eniieueciaaiey o?oaeiauo ?ano?nia, auiieiythuaai
oaoie/aneia ianeoaeeaaiea e ?aiiio iai?oaeiaaiey, i?e ?acee/iuo o?iaiyo
oeaio?aeecaoeee; ii?aaeaeyoue iauoth /eneaiiinoue ia?niiaea,
inouanoaeythuaai oaoie/aneia ianeoaeeaaiea e ?aiiio iai?oaeiaaiey, a
oaeaea /eneaiiinoue oeaio?aeeciaaiiiai e aeaoeaio?aeeciaaiiiai ia?niiaea
a caaeneiinoe io iaiaoiaeeiiai auiieiaiey iauaia ?aaio e ii?iaoeaiiai
(caaeaiiiai) iieacaoaey caa?ocee aeaoeaio?aeeciaaiiiai ia?niiaea
ii?aaeaeaiiiai i?aaei?eyoey; iaoiaeeoue aaee/eio cao?ao ia ?aiiioiia
ianeoaeeaaiea a caaeneiinoe io i?ioeaioiiai niioiioaiey /eneaiiinoe
ia?niiaea, caiyoiai iiaeaioiaeie e i?iaaaeaieai ?aiiioia iai?oaeiaaiey
oeaio?aeeciaaiiui e aeaoeaio?aeeciaaiiui niiniaii; ?ann/eoaoue ii?iaiaia
cia/aiea /eneaiiinoe oeaio?aeeciaaiiiai e aeaoeaio?aeeciaaiiiai
ia?niiaea enoiaey ec aeiionoeiiai o?iaiy eciaiaiey cao?ao, i?e eioi?ii
aeaeueiaeoaa oaaee/aiea i?ioeaioiiai niioiioaiey /eneaiiinoe
(oeaio?aeeciaaiiiai e aeaoeaio?aeeciaaiiiai) ia?niiaea iaoeaeaniia?acii;
ioeaieaaoue aeeiaieeo cao?ao eae i?e eciaiaiee eaaeaeiai ec
?anniao?eaaaiuo oaeoi?ia, oae e i?e eo niaianoiii aeaenoaee;
inouanoaeyoue i?iaiice?iaaiea cao?ao, naycaiiuo n oaoie/aneei
ianeoaeeaaieai e i?iaaaeaieai ?aiiioiuo ?aaio, aeey ?anniao?eaaaiuo
a?oii i?aaei?eyoee; inouanoaeyoue ieaie?iaaiea ?aiiioia iai?oaeiaaiey
i?aaei?eyoey.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ?uii/iay n?aaea, ?aiiioiua oneoae, oaoie/aneee na?aen,
na?aeniia ianeoaeeaaiea, oeaiiia?aciaaiea, yeiiiieei-iaoaiaoe/aneay
iiaeaeue.

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