No?aeiioe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

OAeE 629.4.048.3

Eocueiaiei Na?a?e Aaeaioeiiae/

oaeineiiaeaiiy AOAEOEAIINO? NENOAIE IIAEAIIss ?

AAIOEEssOe?? EAA?IE IAOEI?NOA EIEIIIOEAA aeei?enoaiiyi i?eno?ith
aa?iaeeiai?/iiai iaa??ao iia?o?y

05.22.07. — ?ooiiee neeaae cae?cieoeue ? oyaa ii?cae?a

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Eoaainuee — 1999.

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? «Aaoiiia?e?» No?aeiioe?a?inueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: Eoe?eia TH??e Aiae??eiae/ aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani?, caa. eaoaae?ith «Aaoiiia?e?» No?aeiioe?a?inueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: Oa?oaeianueeee Aaeoa?ae Aeaaeaeiae/ aeieoi?
oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, «Aenieoaoaoe?y oa ?aiiio ?ooiiiai neeaaeo»
Oa?e?anueei? aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo I?i?noa?noaa
o?ainii?oo Oe?a?ie.

A?euaiei Na?a?e Aai?a?eiae/ eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, cai. aieiaiiai
eiino?oeoi?a oieaeeiaiai? eiiiai?? «Eoaainueeoaieiaic»

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao cae?cie/iiai
o?ainii?oo, I?i?noa?noaa o?ainii?oo Oe?a?ie, i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “2” eeiiy 1999 ?. i 14-00 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae29.051.03 No?aeiioe?a?inueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith:

348034, i. Eoaainuee, ea. Iieiae?aeiee 20a.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? No?aeiioe?a?inueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith:

348034, i. Eoaainuee, ea. Iieiae?aeiee 20a.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «10» o?aaiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee __________ Inai?i TH.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aaaaoineeaaei?noue o?ainii?oiiai i?ioeano, ui ia’?aeio? a nenoaio ?iaioo
i?eueeii?a ethaeae, ?icia?o?noue iaoei ? iaoai?ci?a, i?ioeano,
aacoieiiiai ca nai?th i?e?iaeith, i?ioyaeiiai a i?inoi?? ? a /ano,
aeiaaa? aenieiai nooiaiy eii?aeeiaoe?? i?aoe? on?o eiai o/aniee?a,
oi/iiai o?aooaaiiy o?c?ieia?/ieo ? ineoieia?/ieo caeiiii??iinoae
ethaenueeiai i?aai?cio. O ca’yceo c oeei ia o?ainii?o?, ? oaeiae ia
cae?cie/iiio, ineoieia?y, o?c?ieia?y ? a?a??ia i?aoe? iaaoee aaaeeeaiai
cia/aiiy ? ?icaeaathoueny a?eueo ?ioaineaii, /ei a ?ioeo aaeocyo
ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie.

Ia no/anieo eieiiioeaao o iiaethaaeueii-aaioeeyoe?eieo aa?aaaoao (IAA)
aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey ia?a??ao eaa?ie iaoei?noa o?oa/ano? aeaeo?e/i?
iaa??aa/? (OAI), aeaeo?ieaei?eoa?e, /e naeoe?? ?aae?aoi??a, caeo/ai? aei
nenoaie ioieiaeaeaiiy aia?aaoe/iiai i?eno?ith (aeey oaieiaic?a). ?o
canoinoaaiiy a eiino?oeoe?? IAA ni?e/eiy? aaeeeo e?euee?noue oea:

— canoinoaaiiy OAI ? aeaeo?ieaei?eoa??a noai?th? i?aeaeuaio
iaaacia/i?noue aeieeiaiiy iiaeaae?, oiio ui oaiia?aoo?a ?o iiaa?oi? i?e
?iaio? ia iii?iaeueiiio ?aaeei? aeinyaa? 450 — 500 iN; aeo/aiiy
aa?icieueieo /anoie ia ?icia/aio iiaa?oith OAI iaaiaeeoue aei ooai?aiiy
oiene/ieo i?iaeoeo?a cai?yiiy, ui iia??oo? ia?aiao?e i?e?iee?iaoo a
eaa?i? iaoei?noa; aenie? cia/aiiy iai?oae ? neee oieo (110 A, 5A)
noai?ththoue iaaaciaeo ii?acee eieiiioeaii? a?eaaaee aeaeo?e/iei
no?oiii;

— canoinoaaiiy ?aae?aoi?ieo naeoe?e iaaiaeeoue aei iaiao?aeiino?
aeei?enoaiiy eieuei?iaeo iaoae?a (i?ae?, ieiaa, naeioeth, oeeieo),
ca?eueoaiith o?oaeii?noeino? aeaioiaeaiiy, oe?aeeeaino? ae?iaieoeoaa; o
i?ioean? aenieoaoaoe?? oa?aeoa?enoeee ?aae?aoi??a noathoue
ianoaa?eueieie, aiie /anoi aeoiaeyoue c eaaeo ?c-ca ii?ooaiiy
aa?iaoe/iino?; o aeiaaeeo caia?caiiy oaieiiin?y a ?aae?aoi??
a?aeaoaa?oueny iiaia ?oeiaoe?y naeoe??, yea ia i?aeeyaa? a?aeiiaeaiith.

Onoiaiiy iaaeie?e?a, aeanoeaeo IAA, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny o oeae /an ia
eieiiioeaao, iiaeeeaa o aeiaaeeo canoinoaaiiy i?eno?ith aa?iaeeiai?/iiai
iaa??ao iia?o?y (IAI). Iaa??a iia?o?y a i?eno?iyo oaeiai oeio
cae?enith?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith aaioeeyoi?a, ui ia?aoai?th? iaoai?/io
aia?a?th iaa?o?a eieana aaioeeyoi?a a aa?iaeeiai?/io aia?a?th iioieo
iia?o?y, yea, o e?ioeaaiio ?aooieo, ia?aoai?th?oueny a oaieiao. E??i
oeueiai, a?i caaacia/o? iiaea/o iia?o?y c iaiao?aeieie oaieio?ce/ieie
ia?aiao?aie a eaa?io iaoei?noa aac aeei?enoaiiy aeiiii?aeiiai
aaioeeyoi?a.

I?eno?i? oaeiai oeio aeieia?/ii /eno?, iaae?ei? a aenieoaoaoe??,
iiaeaaei- ? aeaeo?iaacia/i?, iathoue iaaaaaoi a?eueoee oa?i?i
aenieoaoaoe??.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

Iai?yiie aeine?aeaeaiue aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ocaiaeaeo?oueny c
ia?ae?eii i??i?eoaoieo iai?yie?a I?i?noa?noaa c iaoee, oaoiieia?? ?
oaoi?/ii? iie?oeee (i. 5 «Aeieia?/ii /enoa aia?aaoeea ? oaoiieia??, ui
caa??aathoue ?ano?ne»), oa ? /anoeiith iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o, ye?
aeeiio? No?aeiioe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Oe?eeth aeine?aeaeaiue ? oaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie iiaeaiiy ? aaioeeyoe??
eaa?ie iaoei?noa eieiiioeaa ca aeiiiiiaith aeei?enoaiiy i?eno?ith
aa?iaeeiai?/iiai iaa??ao.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe a ?iaio? ae??oai? oae? caaea/?:

— i?iaaaeaia iaa?oiooaaiiy iiaeeeaino? noai?aiiy IAI aeey iiaeaiiy ?
aaioeeyoe?? eaa?ie iaoei?noa eieiiioeaa;

— ?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue i?ioean?a, ui a?aeaoaathoueny a
i?eno?iyo aa?iaeeiai?/iiai iaa??ao iia?o?y oa a?aoiao? aieea iniiaieo
aeaiaio?a eiino?oeoe?? ia aa?iaeeiai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee IAI; ia
i?aenoaa? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? neeaaeai? aeai?eoi oa i?ia?aia ??
?aae?caoe?? ia AII;

— ?ic?iaeai? iai?yiee iiaeeeaiai oaeineiiaeaiiy i?eno?i?a
aa?iaeeiai?/iiai iaa??aaiiy ? aea?? ?aoe?iiaeueieo aaiiao?e/ieo
ia?aiao??a eiino?oeoeaieo aeaiaio?a c iaoith ca?eueoaiiy
oaieiae?iaieoeoaa ? ciaioaiiy ianiaaaa?eoieo iieaciee?a i?eno?ith;

— aeine?aeaeaii ia o?ce/ieo iiaeaeyo ? iaoo?ieo c?aceao aieea iniiaieo
aeaiaio?a eiino?oeoe?? ia aa?iaeeiai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee IAI;

— c o?aooaaiiyi i?iaaaeaieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue c?iaeaia
ei?eaoaaiiy iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? ? ia?aa??aia ?? aaeaeaaoi?noue;

— ia i?aenoaa? oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/iiai aiae?co c aeei?enoaiiyi i?ia?aie
?aae?caoe?? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? i?iaaaeaiee aea?? ?aoe?iiaeueieo
aa??aio?a i?eno?i?a aa?iaeeiai?/iiai iaa??ao aeey aeei?enoaiiy ye
iiaethaaeueii-aaioeeyoe?eiee aa?aaao eaa?ie iaoei?noa eieiiioeaa.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a:

— oaeineiiaeaii? aa?iaeeiai?/ii? noaie IAI, yea i?aeaeuo? aa?iaeeiai?/i?
oa aia?aaoe/i? iieacieee i?eno?ith oa aeicaiey? aeei?enoiaoaaoe eiai ye
iiaethaaeueii-aaioeeyoe?eiee aa?aaao eaa?ie iaoei?noa eieiiioeaa;

— aia?oa iaea?aeai?e iaoaiaoe/i?e iiaeae? IAI, yea aeicaiey? aecia/eoe
aieea ia eiai aa?iaeeiai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee aaiiao?e/ieo iieaciee?a
eiino?oeoe?? ? io?eiaoe ?o ?aoe?iiaeuei? ia?aiao?e;

— oaeineiiaeaii? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? oa/?? iioieo o i?aeeiiaoaaiio
eaiae? eieana a?aeoeaio?iaiai aaioeeyoi?a, yea ae?noaea iiaeaeueoee
?icaeoie ca aeiiiiiaith aeei?enoaiiy /enaeueiiai ae??oaiiy
aeeoa?aioe?aeueieo ??aiyiue, ia i?aenoaa? yeeo io?eiaia a?eueo ei?aeoia
ae??oaiiy, o ii??aiyii? ?c ?nioth/eie, o aeae? ?iciiae?eo oaeaeeino? ?
oeneo a i?aeeiiaoaaiio eaiae?;

— aia?oa iaea?aeai?e iaoiaeeoe? ?ic?aooieo naaiaioiiai ?ic?ieiaiiai
oi?iiiae?aiiai o?oaii?iaiaeo o o?ei??iiio i?inoi??, yeee ? eiioo?ii
?aoee?eoeyoe?? IAI oa caaacia/o? eiai iaeneiaeueio iiooaei?noue;

— ?acoeueoaoao eiiieaenieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue c
aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a iioieo iia?o?y ia aoiae? o i?aeeiiaoaaee eaiae
eieana a?aeoeaio?iaiai aaioeeyoi?a ? ia eiai aeoiae?, ui aeicaieeei
io?eiaoe /eaie iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? IAI, yeeo a?aeo?, a oaeiae io?eiaoe
aa?iaeeiai?/io oa?aeoa?enoeeo a?aeoeaio?iaiai aaioeeyoi?a ca aeiiiiiaith
?acoeueoao?a ciiaeoaaiiy, yea ca?aa?oueny c oa?aeoa?enoeeith, ui
iaea?aeo?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith eeane/ii? iaoiaeeee.

Aeeiiaia aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeicaiey? ia iniia? oai?aoe/ieo ?
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ae??oeoe caaea/o aeai?o ?aoe?iiaeueii?
eiino?oeoe?? IAI aeey eaa?ie iaoei?noa eieiiioeaa.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

?acoeueoaoe oai?aoe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, a oaeiae
i?ia?aie ?ic?aooieo aa?iaeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee IAI ? aaiiao?e/ieo
iieaciee?a naaiaioiiai ?ic?ieiaiiai oi?iiiae?aiiai o?oaii?iaiaeo o
o?ei??iiio i?inoi?? aeei?enoiaothoueny a i?iaeoieo oa aeine?aeieo
i?ae?icae?eao oieaeeiaiai? eiiiai?? «Eoaainueeoaieiaic».

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a neeaaea?oueny o:

— aecia/aii? iai?yie?a i?aeaeuaiiy aia?aaoe/ieo iieaciee?a IAI o
caaeaieo aaaa?eoieo ?ici??ao ? ?ic?iaoe? ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aa??aioa
eiino?oeoe??;

— neeaaeaii? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? IAI oa aecia/aii? aca?iiiai aieeao
aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a aeaiaio?a eiino?oeoe?? i?eno?ith ia eiai
aa?iaeeiai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee;

— ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo naaiaioiiai ?ic?ieiaiiai oi?iiiae?aiiai
o?oaii?iaiaeo o o?ei??iiio i?inoi??;

— ?ic?iaoe? i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy oa ?ic?aooie?a aa?iaeeiai?/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee IAI ia AII;

— aecia/aii? aa?iaeeiai?/ieo ia?aiao??a iioieo iia?o?y o a?aeoeaio?iaiio
aaioeeyoi?? ia aoiae? o i?aeeiiaoaaee eaiae eieana aaioeeyoi?a ? ia
aeoiae? c iueiai.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iia?aeiieai?, iaaiai?ai? ?
noaaeai? ia i?aeia?iaeieo iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo c i?iaeai
?icaeoeo eieiiioeaiaoaeoaaiiy: ia VII eiioa?aioe?? a 1997 ?. (i.
Iiai/a?eanuee, ?in?y) ? ia VIII eiioa?aioe?? o 1998 ?. (i. Aeoooa,
E?ei), a oaeiae ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo NOAeO.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeeiiaieo aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii 6
?ia?o ? io?eiaiee iaoaio Oe?a?ie. A?ae?ia?ao?/iee nienie iioae?eiaaieo
?ia?o, ui a?aeaeaathoue iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??, i?eaaaeaiee
iai?ee?ioe? aaoi?aoa?aoo.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??.

Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, ? 2
aeiaeaoe?a.

Caaaeueiee ianya ?iaioe 193 noi??iie, 53 ?enoie?a, 13 oaaeeoeue, 3
aeiaeaoee ia 42 noi??ieao, nienie aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae c
56 iaeiaioaaiue.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iieacai? aeooaeuei?noue ? iiaecia oaie, i?eaaaeaia eiei
?ica’ycoaaieo ieoaiue, aeaia caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? i?noeoueny iaeyae ? aiae?c nai?oa?ii-a?a??i?/ieo
ii?i, ye? i?aae’yaeythoueny aei i?e?iee?iaoo eaa?ie iaoei?noa
eieiiioeaa. Aeaii ioe?iee c i?eionoeieo cia/aiue oaiia?aoo?e iia?o?y,
eiai ?ooiiino?, caieeaiith ? eiioeaio?aoe?? oe?aeeeaeo ?a/iaei.

I?iaeaiai aeine?aeaeaiue ? iie?ioaiue ia?aiao??a i?e?iee?iaoo eaa?ie
iaoei?noa eieiiioeaa ? ianaaee?nueeeo aaaii?a i?enay/ai? ?iaioe a/aieo:
A.Ae.A?aia?a, TH.A.Aoooee?ia, N.A.A??uaiea, I.A.E?eiaaeca, A.I.E?oaaaa,
A.A.Eaaeeaeainueeiai, E.TH.Eiiae?ia, I.A.Iaoaiueea, TH.I.Ioo?ia,
A.E.Inaae-/oea, N.A.Naiiaei?eiaa, TH.I.N?aei?iaa, TH.A.Oa?iaoueyioea,
A.Oaia/a, I.Oi?aeoa oa ?ioeo.

Aeoiaey/e c aeeeaaeaiiai aeua, i?iiiio?oueny i?eno??e aa?iaeeiai?/iiai
iaa??ao iia?o?y ye iiaethaaeueii-aaioeeyoe?eiee aa?aaao eaa?ie iaoei?noa
eieiiioeaa, yeee ? aeieia?/ii /enoei, iaae?eiei a aenieoaoaoe??,
iiaeaaei- ? aeaeo?iaacia/iei oa ia? iaaaaaoi a?eueoee oa?i?i
aenieoaoaoe??.

Ia i?aenoaa? iaeyaeo ?nioth/eo eiino?oeoe?e i?eno?i?a oaeiai oeio
aecia/aii, ui aiie ia iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeey ia?a??ao ?
aaioeeyoe?? eaa?ie iaoei?noa eieiiioeaa, ?c-ca cia/ieo aaaa?eoieo
?ici???a, ui ia aeicaieythoue ?ici?noeoe eiai ia eieiiioea?. C iaoith
i?i?i?caoe?? aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a IAI c?iaeaii aiae?c ?nioth/eo
iaai?oa/?a iia?o?y, ye? aeicaieythoue ?aae?coaaoe iaeneiaeueio
iiooaei?noue. Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai, aecia/aii, ui oae? oa?aeoa?enoeee
caaacia/othoue a?aeoeaio?ia? aaioeeyoi?e aa?aaaiiiai oeio (Oe15-45,
Oe14-46).

I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c aeicaieea noi?ioethaaoe oe?e? ? caaea/? ae?enieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, ui i?eaaaeai? aeua.

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? i?eaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue
?iai/iai i?ioeano a i?eno?i? aa?iaeeiai?/iiai iaa??ao.

Aeey ?ic?aooieo aa?iaeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee a?aeoeaio?iaeo
aaioeeyoi??a aa?aaaiiiai oeio c aaeeeei /eneii ei?ioeeo eiiaoie (ye? ?
iaea?eueo aeineiiaeeie i?e canoinoaaii? a IAI) aeei?enoiaothoueny
eaiaeuei? iaoiaee ?ic?aooie?a.

I?e ?icaeyae? ieaneaoi? noaei? a?aeiinii? oa/?? (?en.1) ?c a?aeiiniith
oaeaee?noth w o i?aeeiiaoaaiio eaiae?, ui iaa?oa?oueny c iino?eiith
eooiaith oaeaee?noth (, ??aiyiiy i?yioaaiiy aeae?eaiiai aeaiaioa iiaeia
caienaoe a oaeiio aeae? (o i?iaeoe?? ia n ? s):

;

(1)

,

(2)

aea p- oene;

iioi/iee ?aae?on aeae?eaiiai aeaiaioa uiaei in? iaa?oaiiy aaioeeyoi?a;

— eoo iiai?ioo iioieo o i?aeeiiaoaaiio eaiae?;

(- aeioe/ia iai?oaa i?ae e?i?yie oieo;

?aae?on eiiaoee;

2- eoo aoiaeo ? aeoiaeo eiiaoee, a?aeiia?aeii.

Aeiiiaithth/e io?eiai? ??aiyiiy oiiaith noaeino? aeo?aoe o
i?aeeiiaoaaiio eaiae?, yea aecia/a?oueny ca oi?ioeith:

, (3)

aea b2- oe?eia eieana,

iaea?aeo?ii noaoe/ii aecia/io nenoaio ??aiyiue, (1,2,3), ui aeicaiey?
aecia/eoe ?iciiae?e a?aeiinii? oaeaeeino? ? oeneo a i?aeeiiaoaaiio
eaiae?.

?nioth/? aa??aioe ae??oaiiy aeaieo ??aiyiue i?iaiaeyoueny c? cia/ieie
i?eiouaiiyie, ui ia aeicaieythoue ei?aeoii iienaoe oa/?th iioieo iia?o?y
o i?aeeiiaoaaiio eaiae?.

Aeoiaey/e c oeeo i??eoaaiue, nenoaia ??aiyiue (1,2,3) ae??ooaaeany ca
aeiiiiiaith /enaeueieo iaoiae?a. Aeey oeueiai ia i?aeeiiaoaaee eaiae
aoea iaeeaaeaia e?eaie?i?eia i?oiaiiaeueia e?ioeaai-??cieoeaaa n?oea.
??aiyiiy, ui iienothoue oa/?th iioieo iia?o?y a eaiae? aoee
i?aaenoaaeai? a e?ioeaai-??cieoeaa?e oi?i?. sse a?aie/i? oiiae
aeei?enoiaoaaeeny ??aiii??i? ?iciiae?ee oaeaeeino? ? oeneo ocaeiaae
eaiaeo, iaoiiaeai? ?acoeueoaoaie aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

O e?ioeaai-??cieoeaaiio i?aaenoaaeai? ??aiyiiy iathoue aeae:

(4)

(5)

(6)

?ic?aooiie oa/?? o i?aeeiiaoaaiio eaiae?, aeeiiaiee a?aeiia?aeii
aei i?eaaaeaieo aeua caeaaeiino?e, ? nooo?ai ?aeaae?ciaaiei.

O?aooaaiiy aieeao a’yceino? ?iai/iai na?aaeiaeua, o noi?aeiiio oa?? ia
?iai/?e ? oeeuei?e iiaa?oiyo eiiaoee eieana aaioeeyoi?a aeicaieeoue
iaea?aeaoe a?eueo ?aaeueio ea?oeio oa/?? a i?aeeiiaoaaiio eaiae?.

I?eaaaeaia oiaueia ao?aoe ?iioeueno noi?aeiiai oa?o i?e iayaiino?
iiceoeaiiai a?aae??ioo oeneo aecia/a?oueny ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi

,

(7)

— i?eaaaeaia oiaueia ao?aoe ?iioeueno;

A, n — eiinoaioe (n=1, A=0,46 aeey eai?ia?ii? oa/??; n=4,
A=0,016

aeey oo?aoeaioii? oa/??);

— eiiooci?i?noue (aeeooci?i?noue) iioieo;

Re- /enei ?aeiieueaena

O i?ioean? ?ic?aooie?a aecia/aeeny ao?aoe oeneo o i?aeeiiaoaaiio eaiae?,
ye? iaoiiaeai?:

— eooii aoaee

, (8)

— oa?oyi

;

(9)

— aeeooci?i?noth

(10)

— e?eaie?i?ei?noth i?aeeiiaoaaiai eaiaeo eieana aaioeeyoi?a

,

(11)

a oaeiae ao?aeieie aeaiaioaie a?aeoeaio?iaiai aaioeeyoi?a, ni??aeueiei
ei?ionii, eiioo?aie ?aoee?eoeyoe?? oa niiaeeaa/a, ui aecia/aeeny ca
aeiiiiiaith aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Aa?iaeeiai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee IAI (iiooaei?noue, e.e.ae.)
?ic?aoiaoaaeeny ca a?aeiieie caeaaeiinoyie.

I?eno??e aa?iaeeiai?/iiai iaa??aaiiy iiaeiai i?noeoe a nia? eiioo?
?aoee?eoeyoe?? c i?i?iaeueiei aa?iaeeiai?/iei iii?ii. C
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ui i?iaiaeeeeny o o?aoueiio ?icae?e?
ae?enii? aeena?oaoe??, aecia/aii, ui oae? ia?aiao?e ia? ?ic?ieiaiee
naaiaioiee oi?iiiae?aiee o?oaii?ia?ae, niieo/aiee ?c ao?aeiei ?
aeo?aeiei ia?aoeiaie aaioeeyoi?a. Ine?eueee aaiiao?e/ia iiaoaeiaa oaeiai
o?oaii?iaiaeo ? neeaaeiith caaea/ith, ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaeeea e aeai?eoi
?ic?aooieo oeueiai eiioo?o ?aoee?eoeyoe??.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? i?eaaaeai? iaoiaeeea ? ?acoeueoaoe
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy c aecia/aiiyi aa?iaeeiai?/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee a?aeoeaio?iaiai aaioeeyoi?a ? ia?aiao??a iioieo i?e aoiae?
a i?aeeiiaoaaee eaiae eieana aaioeeyoi?a ? ia aeoiae? c iueiai
i?iaiaeeeeny ia aa?iaeeiai?/iiio noaiae? c anenath/ith eaia?ith.
Aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a iioieo ia aoiae? a i?aeeiiaoaaee eaiae ? ia
aeoiae? c iueiai cae?enithaaeeny ca aeiiiiiaith oeee?iae?e/iiai
iiaaiiiao?e/iiai ianaaeea.

Aeine?aeaeaiiyi i?aeaeaaaany a?aeoeaio?iaee aaioeeyoi? aa?aaaiiiai oeio,
iniiai? aaiiao?e/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee yeiai iiaeai? o oaaeeoe?1.

Oaaeeoey 1. Iniiai? aaiiao?e/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee aaioeeyoi?a Oe14-46

?

i/i Ia?aiao? Iae.

aei. Cia/aiiy

1. Ae?aiao? eieana aaioeeyoi?a D2 i. 0,28

2. A?aeiiniee ae?aiao? aoiaeo D1/D2 — 0,8

3. A?aeiinia oe?eia eieana b2/D2 — 0,5

4. Eoo aoiaeo eiiaoee (1 a?. 90

5. Eoo aeoiaeo eiiaoee (2 a?. 165

6. A?aeiinia ?ice?eooy ni??aeueiiai ei?iona A/D2 — 0,5

7. A?aeiinia oe?eia ni??aeueiiai ei?iona B/b2 — 0,7

8. A?aeiinia aeiaaeeia aeo?aeiiai ia?aoeio C/b2 — 0,7

I?e aecia/aii? ia?aiao??a iioieo o a?aeoeaio?iaiio aaioeeyoi?? aei??e
i?iaiaeeeeny a /ioe?ueio aca?iii ia?iaiaeeeoey?ieo ia?aoeiao; i?e
oeueiio (aeey eiaeiiai ia?aoeio) iiaaiiiao?e/iee ianaaeie
anoaiiaethaaany /ioe?ueio oi/eao ocaeiaae oe?eie eieana oaeei
/eiii, uia aiie eaaeaee a iaei?e ieineino?, ia?iaiaeeeoey?i?e in?
iaa?oaiiy eieana. Eiao?oe??io aac?ici??iiai ?icoiaeo ci?ithaaany a?ae 0
aei 2,0.

Ei?enooth/enue iaoiaeeeith ?ic?aooie?a i?inoi?iaiai o?oaii?iaiaeo,
iiaeaiiai a ?icae?e? 2 oe??? aeena?oaoe??, aeaioiaeaii ? aei?iaoaaii
o?noue aa??aio?a eiioo??a ?aoee?eoeyoe?? aeaii? eiino?oeoe??, ui
a?ae??ciythoueny cia/aiiyie a?aeiiniiai ?aae?ona iiai?ioo ? eooa
iiai?ioo naaiaioa.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeeny ia aa?iaeeiai?/iiio noaiae? (aecia/aany
eiao?oe??io i?noeaaiai aa?iaeeiai?/iiai iii?o) ? aaciina?aaeiuei ia
i?eno?i? aa?iaeeiai?/iiai iaa??ao iia?o?y (aecia/aany aac?ici??iee
eiao?oe??io iiooaeiino? a?aeoeaio?iaiai aaioeeyoi?a).

Aecia/aiiy oa?aeoa?enoee i?eno?ith aa?iaeeiai?/iiai iaa??ao iia?o?y
cae?enithaaeiny ca aeiiiiiaith aa?iaeeiai?/ii? o?oae.

O ?acoeueoao? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue io?eiai?
aa?iaeeiai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee aeine?aeaeoaaiiai aaioeeyoi?a (?en.2),
c yeeo aeaeii, ui oa?aeoa?enoeea aac?ici??iiai eiao?oe??ioa oeneo
aaioeeyoi?a noaa?eueia ((=2,7…2.9) o ae?aiacii? ( a?ae 0,6 aei 1,7 ?
eeoa i?e iiaeaeueoiio ca?eueoaii? ( a?aeaoaa?oueny ?? iiiioiiia
iiiaioaiiy; aac?ici??iee eiao?oe??io iiooaeiino? ( ? c?inoath/ith
ooieoe??th a?ae aeo?aoe aaioeeyoi?a (; oe? oaeoe na?ae/aoue i?i
iiaeeea?noue i?aeaeuaiiy iiooaeiino? aaioeeyoi?a ca ?aooiie aeei?enoaiiy
eiioo?o ?aoee?eoeyoe?? c i?i?iaeueiei aa?iaeeiai?/iei iii?ii, ui
aeicaiey? iaea?aeaoe ?iai/o oi/eo ia oa?aeoa?enoeoe? aaioeeyoi?a c
iaeneiaeueieie cia/aiiyie aeo?aoe ?, a?aeiia?aeii, iiooaeiino?.

C iaoith ooi/iaiiy iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? aecia/aeeny ia?aiao?e iioieo ia
aoiae? o i?aeeiiaoaaee eaiae eieana aaioeeyoi?a ? ia aeoiae? c iueiai,
ye-io: eooe aoaee (1 (?en. 3a), eooe aeoiaeo (2 (?en. 3a), eiao?oe??ioe
oaeaeeino? w1/u2 (?en.3a) ? w2/u2 (?en. 3a),eiao?oe??io?a i?noeaaeo
ao?ao oeneo (ao (?en. 3ae), (ni (?en. 3a) ao?aeii? /anoee ?,
a?aeiia?aeii, ni??aeueiiai ei?iona a?aeoeaio?iaiai aaioeeyoi?a.

C aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue io?eiai? ona?aaeiaii? aii??e/i?
caeaaeiino? aeey ooeaieo aaee/ei:

; (12)

; (13)

; (14)

; (15)

. (17)

; (16)

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aei?iaoaaiue o?ueio iiaeaeae IAI aecia/aany
eiao?oe??io aac?ici??ii? iiooaeiino? aaioeeyoi?a ? aea?aiee aa??aio
(?en.4), ui caaacia/o? ?aae?caoe?th iaeneiaeueii?
iiooaeiino? a?aeoeaio?iaiai aaioeeyoi?a. A?i yaey? niaith ?ic?ieiooee
naaiaioiee oi?iiiae?aiee o?oaii?ia?ae, niieo/aiee ?c ao?aeiei ?
aeo?aeiei ia?aoeiaie aaioeeyoi?a.

Aei?iaoaaiiy eiioo?o ?aoee?eoeyoe?? ia aa?iaeeiai?/iiio noaiae? e a IAI
aeicaieeee aecia/eoe aieea aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a ia eiao?oe??io
i?noeaaiai iii?o eiioo?o ? ia ia?aiao?e iiooaeiino? aaioeeyoi?a.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?i?iaeueiiio aa?iaeeiai?/iiio iii?o ((e?=1,7)
a?aeiia?aea? eiioo? ?aoee?eoeyoe?? ?c a?aeiiniei ?aae?onii iiai?ioo
R/D2=0,75…0,8 i?e eoo? iiai?ioo naaiaio?a o?oaii?iaiaeo a?aeiinii
ae?oa ae?oaa ((=6,65i — 7,05i). Aeaiee aa??aio eiioo?o caaacia/o?
?aae?caoe?th iaeneiaeueiiai aac?ici??iiai eiao?oe??ioa iiooaeiino?
((=6,8). Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue io?eiaia
n?iaenoai aa?iaeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee, ui caeaaeeoue a?ae eooa
onoaiiaeaiiy iiai?ioii? cane?iee, ?icoaoiaaii? a eiioo?? ?aoee?eoeyoe??
aaciina?aaeiuei ca aeo?aeiei ia?aoeiii ni??aeueiiai ei?iona.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? aeeeaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooie?a eiino?oeoe?eieo
ia?aiao??a ? ?aaeei?a ?iaioe IAI ye iiaethaaeueii-aaioeeyoe?eiiai
aa?aaaoo eaa?ie iaoei?noa eieiiioeaa, a oaeiae oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ia
iaa?oiooaaiiy aeioe?eueiino? aeei?enoaiiy i?eno?i?a aeaiiai oeio ia
eieiiioea?.

C ?ic?aooie?a iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae?, a?aeei?eaiaaii? ?acoeueoaoaie
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue aoei aeeiiaii /enaeueiee aenia?eiaio c
iaoith aecia/aiiy ?aoe?iiaeueieo aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a
a?aeoeaio?iaiai aaioeeyoi?a. sse oaeoi?e aieeao aeei?enoiaoaaeeny oae?
ia?aiao?e:

— (0,75…0,85);

— (0,6…0,8).

sse ooieoe?y a?aeaoeo aeei?enoiaoaaany aac?ici??iee eiao?oe??io
iiooaeiino? aaioeeyoi?a (.

O ?acoeueoao? ?ic?aooie?a io?eiai? oae? caeaaeiino? aeey ?iai/iai
?aaeeio:

— aeey eieana a?aeoeaio?iaiai aaioeeyoi?a

(17)

-0,85)/0,05;

— aeey ni??aeueiiai ei?iona

, (18)

-0,7)/0,1.

=0,7. Aiie aeicaieythoue io?eiaoe iaeneiaeueia cia/aiiy iiooaeiino? IAI
((=7,3).

Ca aeiiiiiaith iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? aoee io?eiai? aa?iaeeiai?/i?
oa?aeoa?enoeee IAI c ?aoe?iiaeueieie ia?aiao?aie aeaiaio?a eiino?oeoe??,
ye? iieacai? ia ?en.5, aea oaeiae i?eaaaeai? oa?aeoa?enoeee
a?aeoeaio?iaiai aaioeeyoi?a Oe14-46. Ii??aithth/e oe? oa?aeoa?enoeee
iiaeia aecia/eoe, ui:

— ?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue ? aaeaeaaoiith, oiio ui ?ica?aei?noue
i?ae ?ic?aooieiaeie oa aenia?eiaioaeueieie aa?iaeeiai?/ieie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie oeueiai aaioeeyoi?a ia ia?aaeuo? 4%;

— canoinoaaiiy a?aeoeaio?iaiai aaioeeyoi?a c ?aoe?iiaeueieie
aaiiao?e/ieie ia?aiao?aie aeicaiey? i?aeaeueoe ia 15% iiooaei?noue IAI.

sse aaciaa iiaeaeue aoa i?eeiyoee oaieiaic 2OY121, c yeei i?iaiaeeeiny
c?noaaeaiiy oa?aeoa?enoee IAI.

Aeoiaey/e c oi?ioe ia?a?aooieo aa?iaeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee
aaioeeyoi??a ? aiae?co ooiiaeo oa?aeoa?enoee a?aeoeaio?iaiai aaioeeyoi?a
iiaeia aecia/eoe, ui aeey caaeaii? iiooaeiino? IAI o?aaa aeei?enoiaoaaoe
iaeneiaeueii iiaeeeaee ae?aiao? eieana a?aeoeaio?iaiai aaioeeyoi?a, a
iio?i aecia/aoe iio??aio /anoioo iaa?o?a eieana aaioeeyoi?a.

Ia i?aenoaa? oeeo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e aea?aiee ae?aiao? eieana aaioeeyoi?a
neeaaea? D2=310 ii.

Aeey aaciaiai oaieiaica iaeneiaeuei? oaieiao?aoe i?e oaiia?aoo??
iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua -30 iN ? oaiia?aoo?? iia?o?y a eaa?i?
iaoei?noa +20 iN neeaaeathoue 6,67 eAo. Aeey aeaieo cia/aiue ae?aiao?a
eieana aaioeeyoi?a, aeoiaey/e c eiino?oeoe?eieo iio?aa, iaiao?aeii?
oaieiai? iiooaeiino? e io?eiaiiai aac?ici??iiai eiao?oe??ioa iiooaeiino?
i?eno?ith aa?iaeeiai?/iiai iaa??aaiiy /anoioa iaa?o?a eieana
a?aeoeaio?iaiai aaioeeyoi?a iiaeiia neeaaeaoe 1500 ia/oa.

??aaiue ooio i?aoethth/iai ono?ith aa?iaeeiai?/iiai iaa??aaiiy a
ia?aoei? aeo?aeiiai eieaeoi?a neeaaea? 74 aeA, ui a?aeiia?aeii c AINO
12.2.056-81 «Aeaeo?iaice ? oaieiaice eie?? 1520 ii» ? i?eionoeiei.

I?e aenieoaoaoe?? IAI ia eieiiioea? ne?ae aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?aaoeueiaaiee
ca /anoioith iaa?o?a aeaeo?ii?eaiae c iaoith aeiiii?/ii? ci?ie
aa?iaeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee i?eno?ith.

Aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy i?eno?ith aa?iaeeiai?/iiai
iaa??ao iia?o?y ye iiaethaaeueii-aaioeeyoe?eiiai aa?aaaoo neeaaea? 1400
a?eaaiue ia iaeio naeoe?th oaieiaica.

INIIAI? ?ACOEUeOAOE ? AENIIAEE

I?eaaaeaii iaa?oiooaaiiy iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy a nenoai? iiaeaiiy ?
aaioeeyoe?? eaa?ie iaoei?noa eieiiioeaa i?eno?ith aa?iaeeiai?/iiai
iaa??ao iia?o?y ? iai?yieo iiaeeeaiai oaeineiiaeaiiy oe??? eiino?oeoe??.

?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue i?ioean?a, ui ooai?ththoueny o IAI, yea
aeicaiey? aecia/eoe aieea iniiaieo aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a eiino?oeoe??.

?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo naaiaioiiai ?ic?ieiaiiai oi?iiiae?aiiai
o?oaii?iaiaeo o o?ei??iiio i?inoi??, yeee aeicaiey? io?eiaoe
iaeneiaeueio iiooaei?noue IAI.

C aenia?eiaioaeueieo aa?iaeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee a?aeoeaio?iaiai
aaioeeyoi?a aecia/aii, ui ia ae?eyioe? oa?aeoa?enoeee i?e ( a?ae 0,8 aei
1,7 ?nio? ciia noaa?eueiino? ( i?e iaci?iiiio c?inoaii? (, ui aeicaiey?
cia/ii i?aeaeueoe oa?aeoa?enoeee iiooaeiino? IAI i?e aeei?enoaii?
eiioo?o ?aoee?eoeyoe?? c i?i?iaeueiei aa?iaeeiai?/iei iii?ii.

Ca aeiiiiiaith aecia/aiiy aa?iaeeiai?/ieo ia?aiao??a iioieo i?e aoiae? o
i?aeeiiaoaaee eaiae eieana aaioeeyoi?a ? ia aeoiae? c iueiai aecia/ai?
iaa?aeii? eiao?oe??ioe iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae?,yeeo ia aenoa/a?, ye-io: eoo
aoaee (1, eoo aeoiaeo (2, eiao?oe??ioe oaeaeeino? w1/u2 ? n2/u2,
eiao?oe??ioe i?noeaaeo ao?ao oeneo (ao ? (ni ao?aeii? /anoeie ?,
a?aeiia?aeii, ni??aeueiiai ei?iona a?aeoeaio?iaiai aaioeeyoi?a. E??i
oeueiai, ca aeiiiiiaith io?eiaieo ia?aiao??a iioieo ia aoiae? oa aeoiae?
c i?aeeiiaoaaiai eaiaeo eieana a?aeoeaio?iaiai aaioeeyoi?a io?eiaia eiai
aa?iaeeiai?/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea, yea ca?aa?oueny c oa?aeoa?enoeeith, ui
io?eiaia ca aeiiiiiaith eeane/ii? iaoiaeeee.

C aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue aecia/aii, ui eiioo? ?aoee?eoeyoe??
IAI o aeaeyae? ?ic?ieiooiai naaiaioiiai oi?iiiae?aiiai o?oaii?iaiaeo c
i?i?iaeueiei aa?iaeeiai?/iei iii?ii (e?=1,7, ui caaacia/o? iaeneiaeueio
iiooaei?noue (=6,8, ia? a?aeiiniee ?aae?on iiai?ioo R/D2=0,75…0,8 ?
eoo iiai?ioo naaiaio?a o?oaii?iaiaeo a?aeiinii ae?oa ae?oaa
(=6,65i…7,05i.

Io?eiai? ?aaoethaaeuei? aa?iaeeiai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee oa oa?aeoa?enoeee
iiooaeiino? IAI i?e eiai ?iaio? a eiioo?? niiaeeaa/a, oiaoi iiaeaiiy
(aaioeeyoe??) eaa?ie iaoei?noa. Aeoiaey/e c aeiia aei iiooaeiino? IAI oa
iaiao?aeii? aeo?aoe iia?o?y, ui iiaea?oueny a eaa?io iaoei?noa,
aecia/aii ?aoe?iiaeueiee eoo iiai?ioo cane?iee (=5i o eiioo??
?aoee?eoeyoe?? aeey ?aaeeio iiaeaiiy, oa (=40i aeey ?aaeeio aaioeeyoe??,
i?e yeiio eiioo? ?aoee?eoeyoe?? ? iiai?noth ia?ae?eoee.

=0,7. ?aoe?iiaeuei? aaiiao?e/i? ia?aiao?e aeaiaio?a a?aeoeaio?iaiai
aaioeeyoi?a aeicaieythoue io?eiaoe ia ?iai/iio ?aaeei? aac?ici??iee
eiao?oe??io iiooaeiino? IAI (=7,3.

I?iaaaeai? oai?aoe/i? oa aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieythoue
i?iaanoe eiiiiioaaiiy IAI ia eieiiioea? ye IAA, yeee caaacia/o? on?
iaiao?aei? ia?aiao?e c oaieiai? iiooaeiino?, oaiia?aoo?e, iinoa/aiith
iia?o?y oa ??aith ooio.

Aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy IAI neeaaea? 1400 a?eaaiue ia
iaeio naeoe?th oaieiaica.

Oaoi?/i? iieacieee ?ic?iaeaiiai i?eno?ith aa?iaeeiai?/iiai iaa??ao
iia?o?y aeicaieythoue ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe eiai aeey canoinoaaiiy ye
iiaethaaeueii-aaioeeyoe?eiee aa?aaao eaa?ie iaoei?noa eieiiioeaa.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO AAOI?II

I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Eoe?eia TH.A., Eocueiaiei N.A., Eouaiei I.A. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
caeiiii??iinoae ? iioei?caoe?y ia?aiao??a aa?iaeeiai?/iiai ia?aoai?aiiy
iaoai?/ii? aia?a?? a oaieiao a aeieia?/ii /enoeo i?eno?iyo ia?a??ao.
//A?niee No?aeiioe?a?inueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Aeaeaaieoeoai
NOAeO. Na??y O?ainii?o, 1996. — n. 171-175.

Eoe?eia TH.A., Eocueiaiei N.A. Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioean?a a
i?eno?iyo aa?iaeeiai?/iiai iaa??aaiiy iia?o?y.// I?eaei?i?ianueeee
iaoeiaee a?niee, Aeaeaaieoeoai «Iaoea ? ina?oa». Na??y Iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy.
? 51 (62), 1997. — n. 44-48.

Eoe?eia TH.A., Eocueiaiei N.A., Eouaiei I.A. *enaeueiee ?ic?aooiie
?iciiae?eo oaeaeeino? ? oeneo ii i?io?eth ?ynieo a?ao?a eaiaeueiei
iaoiaeii.// I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee, Aeaeaaieoeoai «Iaoea ?
ina?oa». Na??y iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy oa oaoi?/i? iaoee. ? 28 (95), 1998.- c.
5-12.

Eoe?eia TH.A., Eocueiaiei N.A., Eouaiei I.A. Iioei?caoe?y aaiiao?e/ieo
ia?aiao??a ? ?aaeei?a ?iaioe nenoaie ?aoee?eoeyoe?? i?eno?ith
aa?iaeeiai?/iiai iaa??ao iia?o?y.// I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee,
Aeaeaaieoeoai «Iaoea ? ina?oa». Na??y Oaoi?/i? iaoee. ?ioi?iaoeea. ?
101 (168), 1998. — n. 77-84.

Eoe?eia TH.A., Eocueiaiei N.A., Eouaiei A.A. Aeei?enoaiiy i?eno?ith
aa?iaeeiai?/iiai iaa??ao iia?o?y a iiaethaaeueii-aaioeeyoe?eiiio
aa?aaao? eaa?ie iaoei?noa.// Oace aeiiia?aeae VII i?aeia?iaeii?
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? eiioa?aioe?? ii i?iaeaiai ?icaeoeo ?aeeiaiai
o?ainii?oo. ?in?y, Iiai/a?eanuee, 21-25 aa?aniy 1998a. — n.24

Eoe?eia TH.A., Eocueiaiei N.A., Eouaiei I.A. Aeine?aeaeaiiy no?oeoo?e
iioieo o aeeiiaa/iio iaoai?ci? aaia?aoi?a oaieioe eaa?ie iaoei?noa
eieiiioeaa.// Oace aeiiia?aeae VIII i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii?
eiioa?aioe?? ii i?iaeaiai ?icaeoeo ?aeueniaiai o?ainii?oo. E?ei, Aeoooa,
21-25 aa?aniy 1998a. — n.35.

I?eno??e aa?iaeeiai?/iiai iaa??ao iia?o?y. Iaoaio Oe?a?iu ? 26142, eean
A27D7/00. Aeaoa iiaeaiiy 21.11.97 ?.. Aeaoa caoaa?aeaeaiiy 12.10.98 ?.
?a?no?aoe?eiee iiia? ? 97114606.

AIIOAOe?ss

Eocueiaiei N.A. Aaeineiiaeaiiy i?eno?ith ia?a??ao ? aaioeeyoe?? eaa?ie
iaoei?noa eieiiioeaa oeyoii aeei?enoaiiy i?eno?ith aa?iaeeiai?/iiai
iaa??ao iia?o?y. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca oaoii 05.22.07 — ?ooiiee neeaae cae?cieoeue oa oyaa ii?cae?a.
No?aeiioe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao. Eoaainuee, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia oaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie iiaeaiiy ? aaioeeyoe??
i?e canoinoaaii? i?eno?ith aa?iaeeiai?/iiai iaa??ao iia?o?y ye
iiaethaaeueii-aaioeeyoe?eiiai aa?aaaoo. Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue oai?aoe/ia
iaa?oiooaaiiy e aenia?eiaioaeueia i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
?ic?iaeaiiai i?eno?ith. ?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue ?ic?aooie?a
aa?iaeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee i?eno?ith, ia i?aenoaa? yeeo aecia/ai?
?aoe?iiaeuei? aaiiao?e/i? iieacieee i?eno?ith, ui aeicaieythoue
i?aeaeueoe eiai iiooaei?noue a caaeaieo aaaa?eoieo ?ici??ao. I?eno?i?
oaeiai oeio aeieia?/ii /eno?, iaae?ei? a aenieoaoaoe??, iiaeaaei- ?
aeaeo?iaacia/i?, iathoue iaaaaaoi a?eueoee oa?i?i aenieoaoaoe??.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: eieiiioea, eaa?ia iaoei?noa, iiaethaaiy, aaioeeyoe?y,
aa?iaeeiai?ea, a?aeoeaio?iaee aaioeeyoi?, aa?iaeeiai?/i?
oa?aeoa?enoeee.

SUMMARY

Euzmenko S.V. Perfection the system of heating and ventilation a
locomotive cab by use the device of aerodynamic heating air.

.Thesis for a candidat’s degree by speciality 05.22.07 — rolling stocks
and train traction. East Ukrainian state university. Lugansk, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to research ways of perfection a system of
heating and ventilation at use as the heating-ventilating unit of the
device of aerodynamic heating air. The dissertation contains theoretical
and experimental confirmation of efficiency of the developed device. The
mathematical model of account of the aerodynamic characteristics of the
device is developed, with which help the rational geometrical parameters
of the device are determined, that allows to increase its capacity in
the given overall dimensions. The devices of such type ecologically
clean, reliable, have the much more period of operation.

Keywords: locomotive, cabin, heating, ventilating, aerodynamic,
centrifugal fan, aerodynamic characteristics.

AIIIOAOeEss

Eocueiaiei N.A. Niaa?oainoaiaaiea ono?ienoaa iaia?aaa e aaioeeyoeee
eaaeiu iaoeienoa eieiiioeaa iooai eniieueciaaiey ono?ienoaa
ay?iaeeiaie/aneiai iaa?aaa aicaeooa.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.22.07 — iiaeaeaeiie ninoaa aeaeaciuo aei?ia e oyaa
iiacaeia. Ainoi/iioe?aeineee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao. Eoaaine,
1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai niaa?oainoaiaaiey nenoaiu ioiieaiey e
aaioeeyoeee eaaeiu iaoeienoa eieiiioeaa.

A nouanoaothueo ioiieoaeueii-aaioeeyoeeiiiuo aa?aaaoao (IAA) aeey
iaa?aaa aicaeooa, eae i?aaeei, eniieuecothony o?oa/aoua yeaeo?e/aneea
iaa?aaaoaee, yeaeo?ieaei?eoa?u, naeoeee ?aaeeaoi?ia. Eo i?eiaiaiea
aea/ao ca niaie iiiaeanoai iaaeinoaoeia, naycaiiuo n iiauoaiiie iiaea?i-
e yeaeo?iiianiinoueth, eniieueciaaieai ino?iaeaoeoeeoiuo oeaaoiuo
iaoaeeia, aieueoie o?oaeiaieinoueth e naaanoieiinoueth ecaioiaeaiey.

I?eiaiaiea ono?ienoa ay?iaeeiaie/aneiai iaa?aaa aicaeooa (OAI) iicaieyao
ecaaaeoueny io ia?a/eneaiiuo iaaeinoaoeia. Eniieieoaeueiui iaoaieciii
iaa?aaa aicaeooa yaeyaony aaioeeyoi?, i?aia?acothuee iaoaie/aneoth
yia?aeth a?auaiey eieana aaioeeyoi?a a ay?iaeeiaie/aneoth, eioi?ay,
aneaaenoaea aeenneiaoeee, i?aia?acoaony a oaieiaoth yia?aeth. Iiieii
yoiai, OAI iaania/eaaao naiinoiyoaeueioth iiaea/o a eaaeio iaoeienoa eae
iaa?aoiai aicaeooa (?aaeei ioiieaiey), oae e aicaeooa n aoiinoa?iuie
oaieioece/aneeie ia?aiao?aie (?aaeei aaioeeyoeee). Aeaiiia ono?ienoai
yaeyaony aieaa aaciianiui, iaaeaaeiui a yenieoaoaoeee e yeieiae/anee
/enoui.

A aeenna?oaoeee i?iaaaeai iaci? ay?iaeeiaie/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee
aaioeeyoi?ia, eioi?ua i?eioeeieaeueii iiaee au eniieueciaaoueny a OAI,
ec eioi?iai ii?aaeaeaii, /oi ?aoeeiiaeueiui iaaiaoaoaeai neaaeoao
n/eoaoue oeaio?iaaaeiue aaioeeyoi? n eieanii aa?aaaiiiai oeia (oeia
Oe14-46, Oe15-45), caeeth/aiiui a nie?aeueiue ei?ion, ec-ca aunieeo
cia/aiee aac?acia?iuo eiyooeoeeaioia iiuiinoe i?e ioiineoaeueii
iaaieueoeo aaaa?eoiuo ?acia?ao.

A aeenna?oaoeee ?ac?aaioaia iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue ono?ienoaa
ay?iaeeiaie/aneiai iaa?aaa aicaeooa, i?e eniieueciaaiee aai a ea/anoaa
ioiieoaeueii-aaioeeyoeeiiiiai aa?aaaoa eaaeiu iaoeienoa. Iia o/eouaaao
aeeyiea iniiaiuo aaiiao?e/aneeo ia?aiao?ia ia aai ay?iaeeiaie/aneea
oa?aeoa?enoeee, oaeeo eae oaie aoiaea e oaie auoiaea eiiaoee,
ioiineoaeueiue aeeaiao? eieana oeaio?iaaaeiiai aaioeeyoi?a,
ioiineoaeueiia ?ane?uoea e oe?eia nie?aeueiiai ei?iona, ioiineoaeueiue
?aaeeon e oaie iiai?ioa yeaiaioia ?aciieiooiai naaiaioiiai oi?iia?aciiai
eiioo?a ?aoee?eoeyoeee.

N oeaeueth ii?aaeaeaiey ay?iaeeiaie/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee eniieueciaaeny
eaiaeueiue iaoiae ?an/aoa ia?aiao?ia iioiea aicaeooa a iaaeeiiaoi/iii
eaiaea eieana oeaio?iaaaeiiai aaioeeyoi?a, eioi?ue aue oniaa?oainoaiaai
i?e o/aoa aeeyiey ayceinoe ?aai/ae n?aaeu. ?aoaiea aeeooa?aioeeaeueiuo
o?aaiaiee inouanoaeyeinue n iiiiuueth eiia/ii-?aciinoiuo iaoiaeia, a
?acoeueoaoa /aai iieo/aii ?ani?aaeaeaiea ioiineoaeueiie nei?inoe e
aeaaeaiey a iaaeeiiaoi/iii eaiaea. ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea ?an/aoa
aaiiao?e/aneeo ia?aiao?ia eiioo?a ?aoee?eoeyoeee, iaania/eaathuaai
ieieiaeueiia ay?iaeeiaie/aneia nii?ioeaeaiea e iaeneiaeueioth iiuiinoue
OAI.

N oeaeueth ii?aaeaeaiey ia?aiao?ia, iaiaoiaeeiuo aeey ooi/iaiey
iaoaiaoe/aneie iiaeaee e i?iaa?ee aa aaeaeaaoiinoe i?iaiaeeeenue
yenia?eiaioaeueiua enneaaeiaaiey, iai?aaeaiiua ia ii?aaeaeaiea
ay?iaeeiaie/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee oeaio?iaaaeiiai aaioeeyoi?a ia ?aaeeiao,
aeeceeo e aai ?aaioa a OAI; ia?aiao?ia iioiea ia aoiaea e ia auoiaea ec
iaaeeiiaoi/iiai eaiaea eieana oeaio?iaaaeiiai aaioeeyoi?a n iiiiuueth
i?yiiai ciiaee?iaaiey; ?aoeeiiaeueiie oi?iu eiioo?a ?aoee?eoeyoeee,
iaania/eaathuae iaeneiaeueioth iiuiinoue iiaeaeae ono?ienoaa
ay?iaeeiaie/aneiai iaa?aaa aicaeooa e iioeiecaoeee aaiiao?e/aneeo
ia?aiao?ia ?aciieiooiai naaiaioiiai oi?iia?aciiai eiioo?a ?aoee?eoeyoeee
iaoo?iiai ia?acoea OAI.

Ia iniiaaiee oai?aoe/aneeo e yenia?eiaioaeueiuo enneaaeiaaiee aue
i?iaaaeai iaoaiaoe/aneee yenia?eiaio, iicaieeaoee ii?aaeaeeoue
?aoeeiiaeueiua ia?aiao?u eiino?oeoeee, eioi?ua iiauoatho iiuiinoiua
oa?aeoa?enoeee OAI.

I?iaaaeaiiue eiiieaen ia?ii?eyoee iicaieee iieo/eoue iaiaoiaeeiua
ay?iaeeiaie/aneea e ooiiaua oa?aeoa?enoeee, a oaeaea aaaa?eoiua
iieacaoaee ono?ienoaa ay?iaeeiaie/aneiai iaa?aaa aicaeooa, aeaeathuea
aiciiaeiui aai eniieueciaaiea ia iiaeaeaeiii ninoaaa aeaeaciuo aei?ia
aeey ioiieaiey e aaioeeyoeee eaaeiu iaoeienoa eieiiioeaa

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eieiiioea, eaaeia iaoeienoa, ioiieaiea, aaioeeyoeey,
ay?iaeeiaieea, oeaio?iaaaeiue aaioeeyoi?, ay?iaeeiaie/aneea
oa?aeoa?enoeee.

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