I?I?NOA?NOAI INA?OE OE?A?IE

IAOe?IIAEUeIA A??IE*A AEAAeAI?ss OE?A?IE

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

Ae?IUeA?I AIAOIE?E IAO?IAE*

Oaee 622.532:621.65

OAeINEIIAEAIIss IIOOAEIEO AAAAOINOOIAIAAEO

IANIN?A AeEss AEEAIEEO ? IAAIAeIAIEO OAOO

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.05.06 – “A??ie/? iaoeie”

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaith

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Aei?i?iiao?ianuee

1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien. ?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aeiiaanueeiio
a??ie/i-iaoaeo?a?eiiio ?inoeooo? I?ienoa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee —aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaeeni?a?ia?oiee,
IAEAIA?*OE Ieeiea Aieiaeeie?iae/, i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee AeAAO
“IAe? a??ie/i? iaoai?ee ?i. I.I. Oaaei?iaa”

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe —aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? AEIIA?AAeIA

Ai?en Aieiaeeie?iae/, i?ioani? eaoaae?e a??ie/i?

iaoai?ee Iaoe?iiaeueii? a??ie/i? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ieeaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo
iaoe, aeioeaio Iae??a A?eoi?

Ai?eniae/, i?ioani? eaoaae?e a??ie/i? iaoai?ee

Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

Aaaeo/a i?aai?caoe?y —Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee,

i?iaeoii-eiino?oeoi?nueeee ? aenia?eiaioaeueiee ?inoeooo eiiieaenii?
iaoai?caoe?? oaoo (Aeiiae?i?iaoaeaiao), a?aeae?e aeaeo?ia?ae?ii?eaiae?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 27 aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 14.00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 08.080.06 i?e Iaoe?iiaeuei?e
a??ie/?e aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie (320027, i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, i?. E. Ia?ena,
19).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?a?e?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueii?
a??ie/i? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 320027, i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee,
i?. E. Ia?ena, 19.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 23.09.1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee, e.o.i., n.i.n.

I.A. Aioeeoa?iaCAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeueiinoue oaie. A caaaeueiiio eiiieaen? a??ie/eo iaoei ? oaooiiai
noaoe?iia?iiai iaeaaeiaiiy aiaeia?aeeeai? onoaiiaee iin?aeathoue
iniaeeaa i?noea, ai yaeythoue niaith iaeio c iaea?eueo a?aeiia?aeaeueieo
? aia?aii?noeeo eaiie. Ia aoa?eueieo oaooao Oe?a?ie aenieoaoothoueny
1059 noaoe?iia?ieo ianinieo noaioe?e aiaeia?aeeeao, c yeeo 25% i?eiaaea?
ia aiaeia?aeeeai? onoaiiaee aeeaieeo oa iaaiaeiaieo oaoo (AO AIO), c
i?eieeaaie iiiaae 250 i3/aiae ? aaiiao?e/iith aenioith aiaeii?aeeiio
iiiaae 550i. Iaooeeueia i?aeaeuaiiy aeiia niiaeeaa/?a aei iieaciee?a
iaae?eiino? ianin?a AO AIO ca noaa?eueii? oaiaeaioe?? aei oneeaaeiaiiy
oiia ?o aenieoaoaoe?? (ca?eueoaiiy aeeaeie ?ic?iaethaaieo ai?eciio?a,
i?aeaeuaiiy i?ia?ae?caoe?? oaooieo aiae, c?inoaiiy iaeeie/ii?
iiooaeiino? aa?aaao?a ? o.?i.) aecia/athoue iaiao?aei?noue iino?eiiai
oaeineiiaeaiiy ianiniiai iaeaaeiaiiy oeyoii iiaea?i?caoe?? iaoei, ui
canoiniaothoueny, ? cai?ie ?o a?eueo aoaeoeaieie. Oea aeeeoo?
i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? iaoeiaeo ? eiino?oeoi?nueeeo ?ic?iaie, nei?i/aiiy
no?ie?a i?iaeooaaiiy iiooaeieo oaooieo ianin?a ? inai?iiy ?o na??eiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa. Eiiieaen ?ia?o uiaei noai?aiiy iiaeo ? oaeineiiaeaiiy
ianin?a, ye? canoiniaothoueny aeey AO AIO, iaiiaeeeai cae?enieoe aac
ye?nii? i?aeaioiaee iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaieo iaoiaeee ?ic?aooieo aeai?o
eiino?oeoeaieo ia?aiao??a ?ic?iaethaaieo ? inaithaaieo iaoei, aac
aeei?enoaiiy i?eioeei?a ?o ?aoe?iiaeueiiai eiino?othaaiiy.

Aeina?ae ?ic?iaee oaooieo ianin?a (OI), a oiio /ene? e aenieiiai??ieo
aeey AO AIO na?ae/eoue, ui iaaeinoaoi? a?aooaaiiy niaoeeo?ee
aiaeia?aeeeao aeeaieeo oaoo oyaia ca niaith iaaei?aaaeai? aeo?aoe o
aeaeyae? cieaeaiiy oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a i?ioeano a?aeea/ee
oaooieo aiae, cia/ieo aeo?ao ia ianeoaiaoaaiiy ? ?aiiio iaeaaeiaiiy.
Oea, cie?aia, ne?ae a?aeianoe aei ianin?a AIN300-750…1040 ?
AIN180-500…900, oaeoe/i? iieacieee iaae?eiino? yeeo aeyaeeeny cia/ii
ieae/eie a?ae caaeaieo ia noaae?? i?iaeooaaiiy. Oiio eiiieaen
aeine?aeaeaiue, iai?aaeaiee ia ae??oaiiy caaea/ noiniaii ?ic?iaee
iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo e aeai?o ia?aiao??a iaaaioaaeaieo aoce?a iiooaeieo
oaooieo ianin?a oa i?eioeei?a ?o ?aoe?iiaeueiiai eiino?othaaiiy ?
aeooaeueiei.

Ca»ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa ? neeaaeiaith iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue, aeeiiaieo
ca ieaiii IAe? AeOE Aio?aoeeo (1991-95?.?.), a ?aieao AeE? ca aeiaiai?ii
?18.5/97 c AO Aeiiaoeueea??iao a?ae 20.12.1996?.

Iaoa ?iaioe iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? ? iaoeiaiio iaa?oiooaaii? ?aoe?iiaeueieo
ia?aiao??a ?ioi??a iiooaeieo oaooieo ianin?a, ui caaacia/othoue ?o
iaeneiaeueii iiaeeeao iaae?ei?noue a oiiaao aeeaieeo ? iaaiaeiaieo oaoo.

?aeay ?iaioe iieyaa? a onoaiiaeaii? caeiiii??iinoae ci?ie a?ae?aae?/ieo
? aeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ?ioi??a ianin?a a i?ioean? aenieoaoaoe?? oa
ooi/iaii? ?ic?aooieiai? noaie iaaaioaaeaiiy aaea.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue

Iinoaaeaia iaoa aeinyaiooa ca aeiiiiiaith eiiieaeniiai i?aeoiaeo, yeee
neeaaea?oueny c: aiae?oe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aea aeei?enoiaothoueny
iaoiaee oai??? oo?aiiaoei, oai??? iaae?eiino?, oai??? caeiieo eieeaaiue
iaa?oaaeo aae?a, oai??? o?ce/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy aeeiai?/ieo yaeu ?ioi??a
oo?aiiaoei; nenoaiiiai aiae?co ??aiy i?aoeacaeaoiino? aeaiaio?a ianina;
aenia?eiaioaeueieo eaai?aoi?ieo ? i?iieneiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Iaoeiai iieiaeaiiy, ui caoeuathoueny a aeena?oaoei?:

1. O aenieiiai??iiio aaaaoinooiaiaaiio ianin? ye aeaa?aaeoth/?e
oaoi?/i?e nenoai? c aeeiai?/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie ?ioi?a, ui iino?eii
iia??oothoueny, ? c?inoath/eie ao?aoaie aia?a?? iaea?eueo a?aceeaeie
aeaiaioaie yaeythoueny aae ? niieo/ai? c iei o aoce? aeeiai?/i?
ou?eueiaiiy ?iai/eo eie?n. Ocaaaeueiaiee iieaciee i?aoeacaeaoiino? aaea
? ou?eueiaiue neeaaea? 0,04…0,1, ui ia ii?yaeie ieae/a cia/aiue
oeueiai iieacieea ?ioeo aeaoaeae iiooaeiiai oaooiiai ianina.

2. Iniiaia i?e/eia ia?aiao?e/ieo ? ooieoe?iiaeueieo a?aeeac?a iiooaeieo
OI — aeeiai?/iee i?iaei aaea, yeee ca?eueoo?oueny o i?ioean?
aenieoaoaoe??, ? aeeeeeaiee ia??aiii??iei ni?aoethaaiiyi aeaoaeae
?ioi?a, ia?aoiaeii ?aaeei?a ?iaioe a ciio iaeeo iiaea/ ?, ye iane?aeie,
c?inoaiiyi iaoai?/iiai aeenaaeaino oa a?ae?aae?/ii? iaa??aiiaaaeaiino?
?ioi?a.

3. Caeiia aei?noe?noue aaea, yea caaea?oueny ia noaae?? i?iaeooaaiiy
iaoeie, iiaeiia caaacia/eoe ii?iaeueio ?iaioo ?ioi?a i?ioyaii onueiai
caaeaiiai ?ano?no ca iaeneiaeueii iiaeeeai? iaa??aiiaaaeaiino?, i?e
oeueiio ?ic?aooiie ?ici???a aaea iaiao?aeii aeeiioaaoe ca a?aie/ieie
iaaaioaaeaiiyie ? a ?aieao e?eoa??y iaae?eiino? «iaea??oee aeiaaeie»,
aecia/ath/e iaeneiaeueio aaee/eio noaoe/iiai ? aeeiai?/iiai i?iaei?a a
na?aaei?e /anoei? ?ioi?a ca naii? iani?eyoeeai? noaie eiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy.

E?eoa??e aeai?o eiino?oeoeaieo ?ici???a — aeeiai?/iee i?iaei iiaeiai
aooe iaioei a?ae aaee/eie iii?iaeueiiai ?aae?aeueiiai caci?a a u?eeiieo
ou?eueiaiiyo ?iai/eo eie?n.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe:

A ?aieao nenoaiiiai aiae?co iiooaeiiai OI, ye ia»?eoa c ?iai/eie
ia?aiao?aie, ye? iino?eii iia??oothoueny, aeiaaaeaii, ui iaea?eueo
a?aceeaei aeaiaioii yaey?oueny aae, a aecia/ath/eie oaeoi?aie
iaae?eiino? — oaeaee?noue ca?eueoaiiy iaa??aiiaaaeaiino? aeaoaeae a
i?ioean? aenieoaoaoe?? ? aeeiai?/iee i?iaei ?ioi?a.

Onoaiiaeaii, ui i?ioean ia??aiii??iiai c?oeioaaiiy ?iai/eo eie?n ii
ie?oaeiino? ? ii ?aae?ono i?ecaiaeeoue aei aeieeiaiiy aeenaaeaino,
aaee/eia yeiai aaaaoi?aciai ia?aaeuo? aeiionoeio caeeoeiao
iaa??aiiaaaeai?noue ?, ye iane?aeie, aei aaciina?aaeiuei? iaoai?/ii?
eiioaeoii? aca?iiae?? niieo/aieo aeaoaeae ?ioi?a ? noaoi?a c aenieith
oaeaee?noth ni?aoethaaiiy ?iai/eo iiaa?oiiue.

Aeyaeai? oiiae ca yeeo aeieea? iano?eeee ?aaeei ?iaioe oaooieo ianin?a,
iaoiiaeaiee a oiio /ene? oaoie/iei noaiii ianina, ui iia??oo?oueny, ?
cieaeaiiyi eiai iai??ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee. Aea/aiee aieea
a?ae?iaeeiai?/ii? iaa??aiiaaaeaiino? ? ioeuenaoe?e oeneo o oeeo ?aaeeiao
ia aeeiai?/i? iaaaioaaeaiiy ? aeaoi?iaoe?th ?ioi?a.

Aia?oa onoaiiaeai? aiae?oe/i? caeaaeiino? noaoe/iiai ? aeeiai?/iiai
i?iaei?a aae?a iiooaeieo OI a?ae eiai eiino?oeoeaieo ia?aiao??a,
?aaeei?a ?iaioe onoaiiaee ca iaea?eueo iani?eyoeeai? noaie neeiaiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy ?ioi?a ? iaeneiaeueii iiaeeeaeo iaaaioaaeaiiyo.

Iaa?oioiaaiinoue i aeinoiai?iinoue iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue, aeniiaeia oa
?aeiiaiaeaoeie iiaeoaa?aeaeo?oueny:

— ei?aeoi?noth iinoaaeaieo caaea/ eiaeiiai aoaio ?iaioe;

— aeei?enoaiiyi ai?iaiaaieo iaoiae?a ? iaoiaeee i?iaaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiue oa ia?iaee aeine?aeieo aeaieo, aenia?eiaioaeueieo
onoaiiaie, iao?ieia?/ii iia??aieo i?eeaae?a;

— ca?aei?noth ?acoeueoao?a oai?aoe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, iia»ycaieo c aecia/aiiyi caeiieo aeaoi?iaoe?e aaea
(?ica?aei?noue neeaaea? 7-10%), caci??a a ou?eueiaiiyo ?ioi?a (iioeaea
aei 10%);

— a?aeiia?aei?noue ?acoeueoao?a aeeiiaieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?
noi?ioeueiaaieo ia ?o aac? aeniiae?a aaaaoi??/iiio aeina?aeo
aenieoaoaoe?? a oaooieo oiiaao iiooaeiiai oaooiiai ianina AAIN
55-182…1000 (AEaIO? 550), ?ic?iaeaiiai ca aaciina?aaeiuei? o/ano?
aaoi?a aeena?oaoe??.

Iaoeiaa cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? a:

· oai?aoe/iiio iaa?oiooaaii? e aenia?eiaioaeueiiio i?aeoaa?aeaeaii?
caeaaeiinoae i?ae aeeiai?/ieie i?iaeiaie aaea ? eiino?oeoeaieie
ia?aiao?aie ?ioi?a iiooaeiiai OI c o?aooaaiiyi aenieoaoaoe?eieo oaeoi??a
ianinii? onoaiiaee, ui ci?iththoueny;

· aecia/aii? oiia ni?eueii? no?eei? ?iaioe ianin?a ? aieeao
ianoaoe?iia?ieo ?aaeei?a ia eieeaaiiy ?ioi??a, iaoiiaeaieo
a?ae?iaeeiai?/iith iaa??aiiaaaeai?noth;

· iaa?oiooaaii? e?eoa??y ioe?iee ??aiy i?aoeacaeaoiino? aaciaeo
aeaoaeae a ?aieao noai?aii? o?ce/ii? iiaeae? aeeneiaoeaii? ?
aeaa?aaeoth/i? oaoi?/ii? nenoaie «ianin» ? aeyaeaiiy ia oe?e iniia?
?aca?a?a i?aeaeuaiiy iaae?eiino? a?aceeaeo ? iaaaioaaeaieo aeaiaio?a OI.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? a ianooiiiio:

· noai?aia iiaa iaoiaeeea ?iaeaia?iiai ?ic?aooieo ? aeai?o
?aoe?iiaeueieo eiino?oeoeaieo ia?aiao??a aaea OI, ui a?aoiao? iacai?ioi?
ci?ie a i?ioean? aenieoaoaoe?? aeeiai?/ieo ? a?ae?aae?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee
nenoaie «?ioi?-ou?eueiaiiy» ca naii? iani?eyoeeai? noaie ??
iaaaioaaeaiiy ? aca?iiae?? aeaiaio?a;

· iaa?oioiaai? oiiae uiaei iaiaaeaiiy ianoaeiai ?aaeeio OI a iaeano?
iaeeo iiaea/, ye? noi?iaiaeaeothoueny aeieeiaiiyi cao?thth/eo
a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo nee ? i?aeaeuaiith a?a?aoe??th iaoeie;

· ?ic?iaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? noiniaii caoenoo ?ioi??a a?ae aeniei
aiie?ooaeieo eieeaaiue aaea;

· iaa?oioiaai? i??i?eoaoi? i?eioeeie eiino?oeoeaiiai oaeineiiaeaiiy
iaaaioaaeaieo aeaoaeae iiooaeieo OI.

?aaeicaoeiy ?acoeueoaoia aeineiaeaeaiue, aeniiaeia i ?aeiiaiaeaoeie
?iaioe:

Iniiaii ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe aeei?enoai? AO «Caaiae
a?ae?aae?/ieo iaoei» — I?aaeaia?ae?iiao (i. Aa?aeyinuee),
Iaoeiai-oaoi?/iei oeaio?ii i?iaeai iaae?eiino? a??ie/eo iaoei (i.
Aeiiaoeuee), I?iaeoii-ae?iaie/ith o??iith «I?io?eue» (i. Oa?e?a) i?ae
/an i?iaeooaaiiy oa aeaioiaeaiiy iiooaeiiai a?aeoeaio?iaiai oaooiiai
ianina AAIN 550-182…1000 (AEaIO? 550), AeAAO «Aeiia??iao» (i.
Aeiiaoeuee), AeAAO «IAe? ?i. Oaaei?iaa» i?ae /an iiaea?i?caoe?? ianina
AIN 300-120…600, ui aeionea?oueny na??eii.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a iieyaa?: a onoaiiaeaii? iniiaieo i?e/ei
iia??oaiiy ?iai/eo ia?aiao??a OI a i?ioean? ?o aenieoaoaoe??; a
iaa?oiooaaii? aeiia aei iaii?ieo oa?aeoa?enoee OI e onoaiiaeaii? oiia ca
yeeo caaacia/o?oueny iaea?eueo aoaeoeaia ?iaioa ianinieo aa?aaao?a;
?ic?iaoe? e?eoa??y aeaoi?iaoe?? ? aeeiai?/ieo aeanoeainoae ?ioi??a OI,
yeee aecia/a?oueny aeoiaey/e c oiia ae?? a?aie/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue ia aae
ca iaeneiaeueii iiaeeeai? iao??aiiaaaeaiino? oa naii? iani?eyoeeai?
noaie eiai iaaaioaaeaiiy; a ?ic?iaoe? iniiaiiai eiioeaiooaeueiiai
i?eioeeio oaeineiiaeaiiy aenieiiai??ieo ianin?a aeey iaaiaeiaieo oaoo,
yeee iieyaa? a oiio, ui caeiia aei?noe?noue aaea iiaeiia caaacia/oaaoe
aaca?aeiiaio ?iaioo OI i?ioyaii anueiai caaeaiiai ?ano?no.

Ai?iaaoeiy ?acoeueoaoia aeineiaeaeaiue. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
oa ?? ie?ai? ?icae?ee aeiiia?aeaeenue ? aoee noaaeai? ia ?icoe?aiiio
can?aeaii? eaoaae?e a??ie/i? iaoai?ee Aeiiaanueeiai
a??ie/iai-iaoaeo?a?eiiai ?inoeoooo (i. Ae/aanuee, 1998?.), ia
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo ?aaeao AO “ssniiai?nueeee iaocaaiae” (i. ssniiai?nuee
Ooeuenueei? iaeano?, 1996-97??.), ia can?aeaii? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo ?aae
AeOE “Aio?aoeeo” (i. Aio?aoeeo, Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano?, 1993-98??.), ia
can?aeaii? eaoaae?e a?ae?aae?/ieo iaoei Ooeuenueeiai oaoi?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo (1997?.), ia can?aeaii? oaoi?/ii? ?aaee AO «Caaiae
a?ae?aae?/ieo iaoei» — I?aaeaia?ae?iiao (i. Aa?aeyinuee, 1997?.).

Ioaeieaoei?. Iniiaii iieiaeaiiy aeeiiaieo aeineiaeaeaiue aiaeia?aaeaii o
5 ae?oeiaaieo ?iaioao, an? noaoo? o iaoeiaeo oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoeiy neeaaea?oueny c anooio,
/ioe?ueio ?icaeieia, aeniiaeia, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae i
aeiaeaoeia, iinoeoue 149 noi?iiie iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, a oiio /enei 84
?enoieia, 19 oaaeeoeue, nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae c 156 iaeiaioaaiue
? aeiaeaoeia ia 22 noi??ieao.

Aaoi? aeneiaeth? ue?o aaey/i?noue iaoeiaiio ea??aieeo, aeieoi?o
oaoi?/ieo iaoe Iaeaia?/oeo I.A. ca eiinoeueoaoe?? ? iino?eio oaaao, oa
oe?ii? ii?aaee, iaaeai? i?ae /an aeeiiaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue ? i?aeaioiaee
aeena?oaoe??, a oaeiae ni?a?ia?oieeai Iaoe?iiaeueii? a??ie/i? aeaaeai??
Oe?a?ie aeieoi?o oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?o O?ai/oeo A.I. oa eaiaeeaeaoo
oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaioo E???/aieo ?.I. ca oe?ii? caoaaaeaiiy ii
?iaio?.

INIIAIEE CIINO ?IAIOE

Cia/iee aianie o ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie noai?aiiy OI, i?aeaeuaiiy
iaae?eiino? iaeaaeiaiiy oaooieo aiaeia?aeeeaieo onoaiiaie c?iaeee
iaoeia? eieaeoeae IAe? a??ie/i? iaoai?ee ?i. Oaaei?iaa, Aeiiaoeueeiai
oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo, Iaoe?iiaeueii? a??ie/i? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie,
caaiae?a — aeaioiaa/?a: iaocaaiae ?i. E??iaa (i. Ai?eiaea),
ssniiai?nueeee iaocaaiae (Ooeuenueea iae.). Cia/iith i??ith oni?oe
a?o/eciyiiai ianiniaoaeoaaiiy aecia/aeenue ? aecia/athoueny aeeaieeie
oai?aoe/ieie e aenia?eiaioaeueieie ?iaioaie a iaeano? a??ie/i? iaoai?ee,
oai??? oo?aiiaoei ? a?ae?iaeeiai?ee, aeeiiaieo I.I.Aa?iaiii,
A.O.I?ineo?ith, A.I.?eai/eeii, A.A.Aae??ii, N.N.?oaeiaaei,
O.I.Oianoieanii, I.ss.I?aeii?eai?ith oa ?i. Ia aoaiao noai?aiiy,
oaeineiiaeaiiy ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a?aeoeaio?iaeo naeoe?eieo
aaaaoinooiaiaaeo ianin?a ca oeiaie IN (AIN) ? INO aaeeea ?ieue
iaeaaeeoue iaoeia?e oa ?iaeaia?i?e ae?yeueiino? I.A.Aaeaia,
I.A.Iaeaia?/oea, A.?.Aioiiiaa, I.A.Ai?iaoey, N.Ae.Ae?iiiaa,
?.I.Einoeeiaa, I.A.??iia, E.Ae.O?oaeaae/a oa ?i. Aeeiiai? ?iaioe
aecia/eee iai?yiie ?icaeoeo oaooiiai ianiniaoaeoaaiiy, noi?ioaaee
nenoaio iiaeyae?a ia i?ioeane ooieoe?iioaaiiy ? ni?aoeueiaoaaiiy ianin?a
aiaeia?aeeeao, aeeth/ath/e iiooaei? aa?aaaoe, ?icoe?eee iiaeyaee ia
yaeua, ye? aeieeathoue a oiiaao ianoaoe?iia?ieo ?aaeei?a ?o ?iaioe.

Iaeiae, a?aenooi?noue iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaieo e ai?iaiaaieo iaoiaeee
?ic?aooieo oa aeai?o ?aoe?iiaeueieo eiino?oeoeaieo ia?aiao??a aaaeei
iaaaioaaeaieo aeaoaeae ? aoce?a OI, ui a?aoiaothoue niaoeeo?/i? oiiae
?iaioe oaooieo aiaeia?aeeeaieo onoaiiaie (?ioaineaia a?ae?iaa?iceaia,
eaa?oaoe?eia ? ei?ic?eia ni?aoethaaiiy aeaoaeae, ni?eueia ?iaioa
aeae?eueeio oo?aiiaoei ia caaaeueio ia?aaeo, ci?ia iaii?ieo,
eaa?oaoe?eieo, aia?aaoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee a ia??iae aenieoaoaoe?? ?
o.?i.) i?ecaaei aei iiieeie ? i?i?aooie?a i?ae /an noai?aiiy iecee
na??eieo iaoei, cie?aia, ianin?a AIN 300-650…1300 oa AIN
180-500…900. Oaeoe/i? iiia?a/i? aeaoi?iaoe?? aaea, ye? aeieeathoue a
eiino?oeoe?yo oeeo ianin?a, cia/ii ia?aaeuothoue ?ic?aooieia? cia/aiiy
i?iaei?a, ui i?ecaiaeeoue, iaa?oue i?e iacia/iiio iai?aoethaaii?
(900-1500aiae.), aei aaciina?aaeiueiai iaoaeaaiai eiioaeoo ?iai/eo eie?n
c aeaoaeyie u?eeiieo ou?eueiaiue ? oe?eeiaeoiio ii?ooaiith
i?aoeacaeaoiino? ianina.

A?aecia/ai? aeua iieiaeaiiy iaoiiaeththoue iaiao?aei?noue iine?aeiaiiai
?ica»yceo ianooiieo caaea/.

1. Aeine?aeaeaiiy oa?aeoa?o ? e?euee?nieo oa?aeoa?enoee ni?aoethaaiiy
iniiaieo aeaoaeae iiooaeieo OI, aeyaeaiiy iniaeeainoae ? i?e/ei ?o
?oeioaaiiy.

2. Aecia/aiiy aieeao ia?aiao??a ?aaeei?a ?iaioe OI ia aeeiai?/i?
iaaaioaaeaiiy a aeaiaioao ?ioi?a OI.

3. Aecia/aiiy iieaciee?a iaae?eiino? ? ??aiy i?aoeacaeaoiino?
aaaaoinooiaiaaeo iiooaeieo OI, aeyaeaiiy ?o iaea?eueo a?aceeaeo
aeaiaio?a, iaa?oiooaaiiy i?eioeei?a eiino?oeoeaiiai oaeineiiaeaiiy
aaaeeiiaaaioaaeaieo aeaoaeae ? aoce?a.

4. Noai?aiiy o?ce/ii? iiaeae? iaeneiaeueii iaaaoaaeaiiai ?ioi?a
aaaaoinooiaiaaiai OI ? aeeiiaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueii? ia?aa??ee aeniiae?a,
io?eiaieo ia aac? oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?ioeano caeiii?
aeaoi?iaoe?? aaea.

5. ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee ?iaeaia?iiai ?ic?aooieo ? aeai?o ?aoe?iiaeueieo
ia?aiao??a aaea iiooaeiiai OI, ui a?aoiao? niaoeeo?eo oiia aenieoaoaoe??
aiaeia?aeeeaiiai iaeaaeiaiiy ia aoa?eueieo ? ?oaeieo oaooao.

?ino?oiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy 32 aieiaieo ? ia?aea/oaaeueieo
aiaeia?aeeeaieo onoaiiaie oaoo AeOE «Aio?aoeeo», aei??thaaiiy ?o
oaeoe/ieo ?aaeei?a ?iaioe ? ni?anoaaeaiiy io?eiaieo oa?aeoa?enoee Ii=(Q)
c oa?aeoa?enoeeaie o?oaii?ia?aeieo ia?aae iieacaei, ui ia?aaaaeia
a?eueo?noue ?c 140 eiio?ieueieo ianin?a i?aoeth? iica ?aoe?iiaeueiith
?iai/ith /anoeiith iaii?ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee: a?aeiia?aeii 21% ? 50%
ianiniiai iaeaaeiaiiy aenieoaoo?oueny e?ai?o/ (iaaeiaaioaaeai? ?aaeeie)
? i?aai?o/ (ia?aaaioaaeai? ?aaeeie) oe??? ciie. A oiiaao ia?aeaeueii?
?iaioe aeaio ? a?eueoa ianin?a cao?eniaai? aeiaaeee ia?aoiaeo ?aaeeio
?iaioe iaeiiai c aa?aaao?a a ciio iaeeo iiaea/ ia iaaacia/io e iano?eeo
/anoeio iaii?ii? oa?aeoa?enoeeo. Ianoaea ?iaioa noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny
«caie?aiiyi» iaeiiai c ianin?a ? c?inoaiiyi ioeuenaoe?e oeneo ia aeoiae?
nenoaie (?en.1).

?en.1. ?iaioa ianina i?e iaeeo iiaea/ao:

a — ?aaeei ?iaioe ianina c iiieaeaiith oa?aeoa?enoeei I1=(Q);

a — ioeuenaoe?y oeneo ? ?aae?aeuei? aeooy aaea S a ?aaeeiao A ? A.

Onoaiiaeaii, ui no?eea ?iaioa n ianin?a oaooiiai aiaeia?aeeeao
caaacia/o?oueny ca ianooiieo oiia:

wmetafile8? ??#???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? 
 ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy1/4yyy`??Ue?? ???&? ?MathType??a?
???u?????????»????-??????@?????ae????F????U???u
?th??????

wmetafile8? ??A???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @A
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy1/4yyy? ??ue?? ???&? ?MathType????
???u?????????»????-??????@?????I????Z????
????E????b ???u?th??????

wmetafile8? ??4???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?????&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyy@??A?? ???&?
?MathType??P????u?th??????aea In, In — iai?? ia?aae? ? ianina;

Q — iiaea/a;

Ii — iai?? ianina i?e iiaea/? Q=0

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ianoaeeo ?aaeei?a aenieiiai??ieo ianin?a AINA 850 ?
AEaIO? 550 aeeiiai? ia aiaeia?aeeeai?e onoaiiaoe? oaooe
«Eiiniiieuenue-ea». I?ia?aia aeine?aeaeaiue i?noeea neio?iiee caien ia
naiiienoe? ca aeiiiiiaith iaei?ia?oe?eieo aeao/ee?a oeneo ? eiai
ioeuenaoe?e ia aeo?aeiiio iao?oaeo ianin?a ? eieaeoi?i?e /anoei?
iai??iiai o?oaii?iaiaeo, aeo?ao aiaee, ??aiy a?a?aoe?? ia iii?ao ?ioi?a
ianina ? ?aae?aeueiiai aeooy aaea a cii? ?icaaioaaeoaaeueiiai i?eno?ith.

Aiae?c io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeicaieea onoaiiaeoe, ui a iano?eeiio
?aaeei? cia/ii c?inoa? aiie?ooaea aeniei/anoioieo (iiiaae 1000Aoe)
ioeuenaoe?e oeneo, ia ye? iaeeaaeathoueny iecueei/anoioi? iaia??iaee/i?
eieeaaiiy. I?i?iaeueia aiie?ooaea — a iaeano? iioeioio iai??ii?
oa?aeoa?enoeee. I?ae /an ia?aoiaeo aei ?aaeei?a, ye? ?icoaoiaai? a
iano?ee?e cii?, aiie?ooaea ioeuenaoe?e oeneo ? ??aaiue a?a?aoe?e cia/ii
c?inoathoue, a oa?aeoa? ci?ie aiie?ooae a ia??iaeao ie?aieo eieeaaiue
noa? aeiaaeeiaei. Iaeneiaeueia aiie?ooaea ioeuenaoe?e oeneo a iano?eeiio
?aaeei? nyaa? 8% a?ae aaee/eie iaii?o ca iii?iaeueiiai cia/aiiy iiaea/?.
Iniaeeai iaaacia/ia ?iaioa ianina a ?aaeeiao, eiee ?aae?aeuei? aeooy
?ioi?a, ci?e/eiai? a?ae?aae?/iith iaa??aiiaaaeai?noth, ca ?iciaoii
aeinyaathoue cia/aiue noi??ieo c aaee/eiith caci??a o u?eeiieo
ou?eueiaiiyo (?en. 1a). I?e oeueiio eiioaeoia aca?iiae?y aeaoaeae ?ioi?a
? ei?iona noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ?ioaineaiei ni?aoethaaiiyi. Onoaiiaeaii, ui
ianin aeoiaeeoue ?c iano?eei? ciie oiae?, eiee onoiai? i?e/eie
i?aeaeuaiiy /e cieaeaiiy iaii?o o?eueee o aeiaaeeo, eiee iai?a?iciao
aiie?ooaee iecueei/anoioieo eieeaaiue oeneo ia ia?aaeuo? ??cieoe? i?ae
iaii?ii ianina i?e ioeueia?e iiaea/? ? iaii?ii nenoaie. Oey oiiaa
caieno?oueny c eiao?oe??ioii caiano oaeei /eiii:

I01 Hn; I02 In; …Iin Hc (4)

Eiao?oe??io aecia/a?oueny aeey eiaeii? ianinii? onoaiiaee
aenia?eiaioaeueii ca aei??yiei ??aiai aiie?ooaee eieeaaiue oeneo a
iaii?iiio o?oaii?iaiae? a cii? iaeneioio iaii?ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee. Aeey
o?aooaaiiy aieeao a?ae?aae?/ii? iaa??aiiaaaeaiino? ia aaee/eio
iaaaioaaeaiue, ye? ae?thoue ia ?ioi? i?eeiyo? i?i?iaeuei? cia/aiiy
eiao?oe??ioa = 0,92 ? iaeneiaeueia a?aeiinia cia/aiiy aeooy aaea

wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @?
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy1/4yyyA??ue?? ???&? ?MathType????
???u?????????»????-??????@?????
????AE????‡???u?th??????aea Smax, Snom — a?aeiia?aeii
iai?a?iciao aiie?ooaee eieeaaiue aaea a iano?eeiio ? iii?iaeueiiio
?aaeeiao.

Aiae?c aeaieo, aeeiiaiee c ia?iaie 21 ianina ca oeiii AIN ia
aiaeia?aeeeaieo onoaiiaeao oaoo AeOE «Aio?aoeeo», a oaeiae ocaaaeueiaiiy
?acoeueoao?a i?iieneiaeo aei?iaoaaiue oeeo ianin?a a AeAAO IAe?AI ?i.
I.I.Oaaei?iaa iieacaee, ui ianine oaooiiai aiaeia?aeeeao iathoue iecuee?
iieacieee iaae?eiino?, a oiio /ene? ? aaeueie iae? cia/aiiy aaca?aeeaco
Oi, ?(t). Oae, oaeoe/ia na?aaeiy ia?iaea aei a?aeeaco Oi aeey ianin?a
AIN 300-650…910, AIN 180-500…900 a?aeiia?aeii neeaaeathoue 1400 ?
900 aiae, a??ia?aei?noue aaca?aeeacii? ?iaioe ?(t) ianin?a oeeo oei?a —
0,27 ? 0,13. Iaiaaeoth/e a??ia?aei?noue aaca?aeeacii? ?iaioe oaooieo
ianin?a ii?iaie iaae?eiino? ? eeano i?e yeiio ?(t) = 0,9, io?eia?ii aeey
aenieiiai??ieo ianin?a AIN 300-910, AIN 180-900 iaiao?aeio na?aaeith
ia?iaeo aei a?aeeaco a?aeiia?aeii 8300 ? 8560 aiae. C oeeo aeaieo
aeo?ea?, ui aeey aeinyaiaiiy aenieeo iieaciee?a iaae?eiino? ia?iaeo aei
a?aeeaco aeaiaio?a iiooaeieo ? aaaaoinooiaiaaeo ianin?a iaiao?aeii
ca?eueoeoe ia iaio i?ae a 5 ?ac?a. Ine?eueee i?ae ia?iaeith Oi,
ciinino?ee?noth i ? oaa?ae?noth iaoa??aeo aeaoaeae IA ?nio? e?i?eia
caeaaei?noue Oi (i; IA), a oaoiieia?/i? iiaeeeaino? canoinoaaiiy
iaoa??ae?a c aenieith oaa?ae?noth e ?ioeie iie?auaieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie
iaiaaeai?, aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue iiooeo ?ioeo ?aca?a?a i?aeaeuaiiy
iaae?eiino?.

Aiae?c oa?aeoa?o iioeiaeaeaiiy aeaoaeae 85 oaooieo ianin?a ca oeiii AIN
i?ae /an ?o ?aiiioo iieacaa, ui i?e iaeiiio c ia?aaaaeath/eo aeae?a
ni?aoethaaiiy — a?ae?iaa?aceaiiio, eaa?oaoe?eiiio /e ei?ic?eiiio aai i?e
?o ni?euei?e ae?? c? ca?eueoaiiyi ia?iaee niinoa??aa?oueny cia/ia ci?ia
?ioaineaiino? c?oeioaaiiy aeaiaio?a aeaoaeae. Ia??aiii??iinoue
ni?aoethaaiiy ii ie?oaeiino? ? ii ?aae?ono, iiyaa ina?aaee?a iane??ciiai
c?oeioaaiiy aeene?a ? eiianoae ?iai/eo eie?n ( a iniiaiiio o aeo?aei?e
/anoei?) oa?aeoa?i? aeey ia?aaaaeii? a?eueoino? ianoaaeaieo ?ioi??a
ianin?a.

Onoaiiaeaii, ui ia??aiii??ia ni?aoethaaiiy ?iai/eo eie?n i?ecaiaeeoue
aei iiyae aeenaaeaino, ui a 10-25 ?ac?a ia?aaeuo? aeiionoeio caeeoeiao
iaa??aiiaaaeai?noue ?ioi?a, i?e oeueiio ia aae aieeaathoue cina?aaeaeai?
iaaaioaaeaiiy, ye? iaaaaaoi ia?aaeuothoue a?aie/ii aeiionoei?
?ic?aooieia? cia/aiiy. I?ae ae??th oeeo iaaaioaaeaiue aae i?iaeia?oueny,
c?inoa? aiie?ooaea eiai eieeaaiue. Aei??thaaiiy aaee/eie ni?aoethaaiiy
aeaoaeae u?eeiieo ou?eueiaiue ?iai/eo eie?n i?aeoaa?aeaeo? oeae
aeniiaie: ia??ai? ?c ni?aoethaaiiyi ?iai/eo iiaa?oiiue a?ae?iaeeiai?/iei
iioieii ? aoa?eueii-ii?iaeieie /anoeaie a?aeaoaa?oueny ?o c?oeioaaiiy
/a?ac aaciina?aaei?e iaoai?/iee eiioaeo ? iaoiiaeaiee iei caaee? oa
noiiethaaiiy iiaa?oiaaeo oa??a iaoa??aeo. Ine?eueee u?eeii? ou?eueiaiiy
c iii?iaeueiei ?aae?aeueiei caci?ii aeeiiothoue ?ieue naiioeaio?oth/eo ?
aeaiioa?oth/eo a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo iii? ?ioi?a i?e cia/iiio ca?eueoaii?
?aae?aeueieo caci??a (a 2 ? a?eueoa ?ace) a ?acoeueoao? ni?aoethaaiiy
aaee/eia eiiiainoth/eo a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo nee a ou?eueiaiiyo cia/ii
iiieaeo?oueny, ui aeiaeaoeiai iia??oo? aeeiai?/io no?ee?noue ?ioi?a ?
ca?eueoo? i?iaei aaea a eiai na?aaei?e /anoei?.

Ia?iaea aeaieo i?aeeiio?ieueii? aenieoaoaoe?? 21 ianina oei?a AIN
300-600, AIN 300-910 ? AIN 180-425 ca aeaeyaeii ? oa?aeoa?ii
ni?aoethaaiiy iieacaea, ui aecia/ath/eie oaeoi?aie yaeythoueny:
cieaeaiiy ia?aiao??a /a?ac ni?aoeueiaai?noue u?eeiieo ou?eueiaiue
aeaoaeae ?ioi?a (35-53%); iai?eionoeia a?a?aoe?y ianina c i?e/eie
aenieoaoaoe?? onoaiiaee a iano?eeeo /e eaa?oaoe?eieo ?aaeeiao;
ni?aoeueiaai?noue aeaoaeae ?ioi?a ? aeaoi?iaoe?? aaea (10-20%);
c?oeioaaiiy e?eaoeue ?icaaioaaeoaaeueiiai i?eno?ith (10-15%);
ni?aoethaaiiy ?iai/iai eieana ? nooiaiy (8-25%). Oaeei /eiii, iaea?eueoa
e?euee?noue a?aeeac?a aaaaoinooiaiaaeo aenieiiai??ieo ianin?a c aeiaaeie
?ioi?aie iaoiiaeaia iaaeinoaoi?i caianii aei?noeino? aaea ? iano?eeith
?iaioith oo?aiiaoeie a iaeano? iaaeiaaioaaeaieo ? eaa?oaoe?eieo
?aaeei?a.

Nenoaiiee i?aeo?ae aei aiae?co ci?ie no?oeoo?ieo aeanoeainoae aeaiaio?a
?ioi?a oaooieo ianin?a, ui iaoiiaeai? iino?eieie (ia?aiao?e/ieie) ?
?aioiaeie (ooieoe?iiaeueieie) a?aeeacaie, neoaoaaa aacith aeey iiaoaeiae
iiaeae? i?aoeacaeaoiiai noaio.

Aeey io?eiaiiy eiie?aoieo e aaeaeaaoieo ?acoeueoao?a aiae?co
a?aoiaoaaeanue aca?iiae?y ie?aieo aeaiaio?a, aoee ?icaeyioo? iniaeeaino?
ni?aoethaaiiy niieo/aieo aeaoaeae ? iieacieee, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue noai
? ??aaiue iaae?eiino? ?aaeueii? nenoaie. Aei ieo a?aeianai?: i?e??no
ao?ao iiooaeiin? N ca /an t, ui a?aeiia?aea? cieaeaiith iaii?o ia
aaee/eio H; eiao?oe??io noaoe/iiai ca»yceo Eb aai na?aaeiy ia?iaea aei
a?aeeaco Oi ? ii?iiaai? a?aeiinii a?aie/iiai noaio no?oeoo?i? ia?aiao?e
S* (ni?aoethaaiiy ? aeaoi?iaoe?y) aeaiaio?a

A ?aieao oe??? iiaeae? oi?iaeueii iaa?oioiaaiee ocaaaeueiaiee iieaciee
caiano ?iaioini?iiiaeiino? aeaiaio?a

wmetafile8? ??i???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyya????? ???&? ?MathType???
???u?????????»????-????? @???? ??? ~??? $
???u?th???????aiaee?oaaiiy iieacieea Ws ? e?euee?nieo oa?aeoa?enoee
ca»yceo nc, ui aieeaathoue ia aeaiaioe, aeeeeeath/e iani?eyoeeaa
c?inoaiiy iacai?ioi?o ci?i, aeicaieeei aeyaeoe iaea?eueo a?aceea?
aeaiaioe nenoaie, ui ?icaeyaea?oueny, a naia: ?ioi? oaooiiai ianina —
aeeiai?/i? u?eeii? ou?eueiaiiy ?ioi?a (Ws = 0,068…0,18; nc = 5); aae
(Ws = 0,004…0,005; nc = 9); aeaoae? a??aiiaaaeoth/iai i?eno?ith (Ws =
0,055…0,07; nc = 9). Aiae?c oeeo aeaieo aeicaieea aeae?eeoe
i??i?eoaoi? iai?yiee oaeineiiaeaiiy ianin?a:

a) ca?eueoaiiy caian?a i?oeiino? ca an?ia aeaeaie iaaaioaaeaiue;

a) ineaaeaiiy ?ioaineaiino? ni?aoethaaiiy aeaoaeae;

a) ineaaeaiiy iani?eyoeeaiai aieeao iaoai?/iiai eiioaeoo ? nooiai oa?oy
(canoinoaaiiy a niieo/aii? iaoa??ae?a ia noeeueieo aei caaee?o ?
noiieaiiy);

a) eiiiainaoe?y aeaoi?iaoe?? oa ni?aoethaaiiy.

Aeii?ioth/ee oaeoi? o aeai?? ?ici??o aaea iiooaeiiai oaooiiai ianina —
iaeneiaeueia aaee/eia eiai aeeiai?/iiai i?iaeio. ?icaeyaeath/e neeaaeio
nenoaio iaaaioaaeaiiy ?ioi?a i?ae ae??th aaae aaea G; ?aae?aeueii? neee,
iaoiiaeaii? ia??aiii??i?noth ?iciiae?eo oeneo ia aeoiae? ?iai/iai eieana
Rq; a?naai? neee Oi; a?ae?iaeeiai?/ii? neee a ou?eueiaiiyo Po;
a?aeoeaio?iai? neee, ui ci?ith?oueny a?ae iaa??aiiaaaeaii? iane Poe;
a?aeoeaio?iaeo nee Poe» ? Poe»‘, ye ?acoeueoao ci?uaiiy oeaio?a aaae ?
a?n? ?icoi/ee ?iai/iai eieana oa aeooy aaea; ?aae?aeueii? neee Rm,
iaoiiaeaii? iao?eaiiyi iioieo ia ia??aiii??iee i?io?eue i?aeeiiaoaaeo
eaiae?a a ?aieao e?eoa??y «iaea??oee aeiaaeie» ? ca a?aie/iei
a?aeoeeaiiyi ia?aiao??a, aeeiiaia ioe?iea iaeneiaeueieo iaaaioaaeaiue,
ye? iiaeooue aieeaaoe ia aae ca naieo iani?eyoeeaeo oiia eiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy. Cie?aia, i?ae /an ?aae?caoe?? noaie iaaaioaaeaiiy, eiee a
iaaeao iaei??? nooiai? an? ae?th/? neee ie??i ?o aoaeooue iaoe iai?yiie
a iaaeao naeoi?a c eooii =1200 (a??ia?aei?noue iiae?? ?=0,012),
cina?aaeaeai? ?acoeueooth/e iaaaioaaeaiiy o ianin?a AIOe 300-600 AIOe
300-910 iiaeooue aeinyaaoe a?aeiia?aeii 750…810 oa 1500…1620 I i?e
?ic?aooieiaeo cia/aiiyo 80…100 oa 50…75 I.

I?ae /an ?ic?aooieo aaea ia caei a?aoiaothoueny eiai iniiai? aaiiao?e/i?
ia?aiao?e: iayai?noue ae?eyiie ci?iii? aeiaaeeie ??cieo ae?aiao??a,
iieiaeaiiy eiai iii? ? ?iai/eo eie?n. Oi/ia a?aooaaiiy eiio?ao?aoe??
aaea iaiao?aeia c iaeyaeo ia oa, ui eiai aeania iana oa ?? ?iciiae?e
acaeiaae a?n? nooo?ai aieeaathoue ia aaee/eie i?iaei?a ? aeani? /anoioe
eieeaaiue, i?e/iio oeae aieea ni?anoaaeiee c aianeii ianeaieo aeaoaeae
?ioi?a. Iii?i? i?aeoeiieee iiaeaeththoueny oa?i??ieie iii?aie, ?iai/?
eieana — cina?aaeaeaieie ianaie. Aae ia? m ae?eyiie, aeiaaeeia ?
ae?aiao? i-oi? ae?eyiee li ? di. Caaaeueia aeiaaeeia aaea — L. Oeaio?
ian eiaeii? ae?eyiee ?icoaoiaaiee iina?aaeai? eiai aeiaaeeie ? ia?
inueiao eii?aeeiaoo xc. Ia aaeo ?icoaoiaai? cina?aaeaeai? iane mj
(j=1,K), iiia?a/i? neee Pr(r=1,n) ? iicaeiaaei? neee Nq (q=1,t).

Aeey aecia/aiiy i?iaeio aaea

wmetafile8? ??.???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
` ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy`???? ???&? ?MathType???
???u?????????»????-???????????????u?th??????canoiniaaiee
ae?ac aeey ia/eneaiiy aeaeiath/iai iiiaioo a aeia?euei?e oi/oe?

wmetafile8? ??T?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?
???&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyya???A?? ???&?
?MathType??P????&??yyyy?????[email protected]?wmetafile8?
??P??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? Aa!???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy !??x?? ???&?
?MathType???
???u?????????»????-?????C???~???u?th??????Aeey
?ioaa?oaaiiy oeueiai ??aiyiiy canoiniaothoue caiaaeoi a?ii?caee?
aiae?oe/i? iaoiaee /e ??ciiaeaeiino? a?aoiaiae?oe/ieo iaoiae?a Ii?a. A
i?aaenoaaeai?e ?iaio? cai?iiiiiaaiee ? ?aae?ciaaiee iaoiae ?ic?aooieo
i?iaei?a aae?a ianin?a, ui aaco?oueny ia ai?ien?iaoe?? i?iaeio eoa?/ieie
nieaeiaie. I?e oeueiio ?ica»ycaia cai?ioiy caaea/a — uiaei ?iciiae?eo
cia/aiue ae?oai? iio?aeii? wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
a????&??yyyy?????Ayyy®yyy@????? ???&? ?MathType??A?
???u?????????»????-??????G????;???u?th???????ica»ycaiiyi
o?eae?aaiiaeueii? e?i?eii? nenoaie (n-1) ??aiyiue c (n-1) iaa?aeiiei
i?e hi = xi — xi-1 (i=1,n) (??aiyiiy ni?eaei?a) io?eiaia oi?ioea aeey
ia/eneaiiy i?iaei?a nooi?i/aoeo aae?a OI

wmetafile8? ??oe???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@a???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¦yyy ??ae?? ???&? ?MathType??a
???u?????????»????-?????@????t???¤???O???
c???????????N???^@????^ ???udya?????A
?acoeueoao? ae??oaiiy oeei iaoiaeii aaoiiaoe/ii iiaeia io?eiaoe ieaaiee
?iciiae?e ia?oeo iio?aeieo i?iaei?a, oiaoi aeaiooee aae ia ia? ceii?a
a?n?, ui a?aeiia?aea? o?ce/i?e noo? caaea/?.

Aeey a?aooaaiiy aeeiai?ee iaiao?aeii ia/eneeoe e?eoe/io /anoioo aaea

wmetafile8? ??y???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @
@???&??yyyy?????Ayyycyyy???a?? ???&? ?MathType?? 
???u?????????»????-?????¤???¤TH
???u?????????»????-???? ???? a???u?th??????oiae?
aeeiai?/iee i?iaei aaea aecia/a?oueny ia?a?aooieii noaoe/iiai c
aeei?enoaiiyi eiao?oe??ioa aeeiai?/iiai i?aeneeaiiy Ed

Yd=KdY,
(9)

aea — wmetafile8? ??%???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? A?
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¶yyy@ ??v?? ???&? ?MathType??0
???u?????????»????-??????a????» ???u?th??????Aiae?c
?acoeueoao?a ?ic?aooie?a Y ? Yd aeicaieea onoaiiaeoe ianooiia.
Iaeneiaeueia aaee/eia aeeiai?/iiai i?iaeio aaea, aecia/aia ca a?aie/ii
iiaeeeaeie iaaaioaaeaiiyie, aeey iniiaieo oei?a oaooieo ianin?a
AIN180-900 ? AIN 300-910, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny o aeeaieeo oaooao a
1,1-1,4 ?ace ia?aaeuo? aaee/eio ?aae?aeueiiai caci?a i a u?eeiiiio
ou?eueiaii?. O ianina AIN 300-600 aeeiai?/iee i?iaei noi??iee c caci?ii
i. Eii?aeeiaoe iaeneiaeueiiai i?iaeio a caeaaeiino? a?ae i?eeeaaeaiiy
iaaaioaaeaiiy ia nooiai? ci?iththoueny ianooo?ai ? ciaoiaeyoueny a
?ioa?aae? (0,45-0,55)Lopt, i?e oeueiio aaee/eie i?iaei?a
a?ae??ciythoueny ia a?eueo ye ia 12%. Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai, ?ic?aooiie
aeeiai?/iiai i?iaeio aaea aeinoaoiuei aeeiiaoe aeey aeiaaeeo, eiee
iaaaioaaeaiiy i?eeeaaeaia aei na?aaeiuei? nooiai?. A i?ioean? ci?ie
?aaeeio ?iaioe ianina iaeiaio ni?eyoeeaee aeeiai?/iee noai ?ioi?a a cii?
iaeeo iiaea/. Cia/aiiy i?iaei?a aaea a iaaeiaaioaaeaieo Qn= 0,75 Qopt ?
ia?aaaioaaeaieo ?aaeeiao Qn= 1,3 Qopt a?ae??ciythoueny ia 8-13%, oiio
?ic?aooiie ne?ae aeeiioaaoe aeey ?aaeei?a iaeiaioeo iiaea/, ye? iiaeeea?
i?ae /an aenieoaoaoe??? ianina. Niinoa??aa?oueny iacia/iee aieea a?naai?
neee ia ci?io aei?noeino? aaea: ca iaeneiaeueiiai cia/aiiy a?naaiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy aaee/eia i?iaeio ciaioo?oueny ia 2-4%, a e?eoe/ia /anoioa
i?aeaeuo?oueny ia 1,0-1,5%.

Ni?anoaaeaiiy ?ic?aooieiaeo aeaieo ? ?acoeueoao?a aenia?e-iaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaei?a aaea ianina AIN 60-132 iieacaee, ui ?o
?ica?aei?noue ia ia?aaeuo?: aeey ?iaeoeoeaiiai iaoiaeo aei??thaaiue —
aeecueei 8%, aeey oaiciiao?e/ieo aei??thaaiue aeaoi?iaoe?e aaea — ia
a?eueoa 10%. Ca?aei?noue oai??? e aenia?eiaioo aeinoaoiuei aeniea a
onueiio ?ioa?aae? aei?iaoaaieo iaaaioaaeaiue ? ia?ai?uaiue, oiio ne?ae
i?eciaoe cai?iiiiiaaiee iaoiae ?ic?aooieo aae?a iiooaeieo
aaaaoinooiaiaaeo ianin?a i?eeiyoiei aeey ?iaeaia?ii? i?aeoeee.

Oaeei /eiii, aeey canoiniaoaaieo oaooieo ianin?a a na?aaei?e /anoei?
?ioi??a iiaeeea? aeeiai?/i? i?iaeie, ui ca aaee/eiith ia?aaeuothoue
caci? a u?eeiieo ou?eueiaiiyo ?iai/eo eie?n ?, ye iane?aeie, ?ioaineaia
iaoai?/ia ni?aoethaaiiy niieo/aieo aeaoaeae ?ioi?a oa iai?aaeyth/iai
aia?aoa. C oeueiai iiaeia c?iaeoe ianooiiee aaaeeeaee aeniiaie: aeey
iiooaeieo oaooieo ianin?a a?aei?aaiei ioieoii i?e aecia/aii?
?aoe?iiaeueieo ?ici???a aaea ? ioe?iea eiai aeeiai?/ii? aei?noeino?, a
oi/i?oa — i?iaei?a a na?aaei?e /anoei?. E?eoa??e aei?noeiai aaea —
iaeneiaeuei? i?iaeie i?ae ae??th a?aie/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue iiaeii? aooe
iaioeie a?ae ii/aoeiaiai ?aae?aeueiiai caci?a a u?eeiieo ou?eueiaiiyo
?iai/iai eieana (?en.2).

?en.2. Caeaaei?noue aeeiai?/iiai i?iaeio ?ioi?a a?ae ae?aiao?a aaea:

1 — ianin AIN 300-600; 2 — AIN 300-910; 3 — AIN 180-900; 4 — AAIN 5503
AEaIO?.

AENIIAEE

Aeena?oaoe?y ? caaa?oaiith iaoeiai-aeine?aeiith ?iaioith a ye?e ae??oaia
aeooaeueia caaea/a aeai?o ?aoe?iiaeueieo ia?aiao??a eiino?oeoe?? ?ioi??a
iiooaeieo a?aeoeaio?iaeo oaooieo ianin?a.

Iniiai? iaoeia? oa i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe, aeniiaee ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
iieyaathoue o ianooiiiio:

1. A ?aieao nenoaiiiai aiae?co ianina ye aeaa?aaeoth/i? ? aeeneiaoeaii?
oaoi?/ii? nenoaie c oa?aeoa?enoeeaie, ye? iino?eii iia??oothoueny,
aeyaeaii, ui iaea?eueo a?aceeaeie ?? aeaiaioaie yaeythoueny aae ?
niieo/ai? c iei o aoce? ?ioi?a aeeiai?/i? ou?eueiaiiy ?iai/eo eie?n. Ca
aeiiiiiaith ocaaaeueiaiiai iieacieea Ws, ui iieno? ci?ie no?oeoo?ieo
aeanoeainoae nenoaie «ianin» a i?ioean? aenieoaoaoe??, aeeiiaia
e?euee?nia ioe?iea caiano i?aoeacaeaoiino? oeeo aeaoaeae. Onoaiiaeaii,
ui aae ? u?eeii? ou?eueiaiiy iathoue iieaciee Ws=0,04…0,1 ia ii?yaeie
ieae/ee cia/aiue caiano i?aoeacaeaoiino? ?ioeo aeaoaeae.

2. Aeeiiai? cai??e ?aaeei?a ?iaioe ianin?a 32 aiaeia?aeeeaieo onoaiiaie
oaoo AeOE «Aio?aoeeo» oa ?ic?aooiie ?iai/eo ia?aiao??a 116 ianinieo
onoaiiaie oaoo ?ioeo aoa?eueieo ia»?aeiaiue ? eiiiai?e, a ?acoeueoao?
/iai:

— onoaiiaeaii, ui ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue ianin?a oaooiiai aiaeia?aeeeao
i?aoeth? iica ?aoe?iiaeueiith /anoeiith iaii?ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee:
a?aeiia?aeii 21 ? 50% iaoei aenieoaoothoueny a iaaeiaaioaaeaieo ?
eaa?oaoe?eieo ?aaeeiao, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoueny aenieei ??aiai a?a?aoe??
aa?aaao?a, cia/ieie ca aiie?ooaeith ioeuenaoe?yie oeneo a eaiaeao
i?ioi/ii? /anoeie ? ii?iaeaeaieie ieie ?ioaineaieie a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieie
iaaaioaaeaiiyie ia aeaiaioe ?ioi?a;

— noi?ioeueiaai? oiiae, ye? caaacia/othoue no?eeo ?iaioo OI a
iaaeiaaioaaeaieo ?aaeeiao a nenoai? «ianin-o?oaii?ia?ae». Onoaiiaeaii,
ui a?ae?aae?/ia iaa??aiiaaaeai?noue ?ioi?a, iaoiiaeaia ioeuenaoe?yie
oeneo a i?ioi/i?e /anoei? o iano?eeeo ?aaeeiao, aeeeeea? c?inoaiiy
aiie?ooaee aeooy aaea ianina ia 5-7% o ii??aiyii? c iioeiaeueieie
?aaeeiaie ?iaioe;

— ooi/iaiee oa?aeoa? iioeiaeaeaieo aeaoaeae OI i?e noi?niiio
a?ae?iaa?aceaiiio, eaa?oaoe?eiiio ? ei?ic?eiiio ni?aoethaaii?. Aeyaeaii,
ui i?ioean ia??aiii??iiai c?oeioaaiiy ?iai/eo eie?n ii ie?oaeiino? ? ii
?aae?ono ni?e/eiy? iiyao aeenaaeaino, yeee a 10-25 ?ac?a ia?aaeuo?
aeiionoeio caeeoeiao iaa??aiiaaaeai?noue.

3. ?acoeueoaoe aiae?co oa?aeoa?o c?oeioaaiiy aeaoaeae ?ioi?a oaooiiai
ianina ? ci?ia eiai no?oeoo?ieo aeanoeainoae, iaoiiaeaieo a?aeeacaie ca
ia?aiao?ii ? ooieoe?iioaaiiyi, neeaee iniiao aeey ia?aaeyaeo
canoiniaoaaieo iaoiae?a ? i?aeoiae?a a ?ic?aooieia? aaea iiooaeiiai
oaooiiai ianina. Iniiaiee eiioeaiooaeueiee i?eioeei noai?aiiy iaae?eieo
aenieiiai??ieo ianin?a aiaeia?aeeeao iieyaa? a oiio, ui caeiia
aei?noe?noue aaea iiaeiia caaacia/eoe ii?iaeueio ?iaioo ?ioi?a i?ioyaii
onueiai caaeaiiai ?ano?no ca iaeneiaeueii iiaeeeai? iaa??aiiaaaeaiino?,
ui aeieea? c i?e/eie ia??aiii??iiai ni?aoethaaiiy aeaoaeae i?ioi/ii?
/anoeie.

4. Iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea
?ic?aooieo oa aeai?o ?aoe?iiaeueieo ?ici???a aaea iiooaeieo oaooieo
ianin?a ca a?aie/ieie iaaaioaaeaiiyie oa e?eoa???i iaae?eiino? —
«iaea??oee aeiaaeie», ui aeicaiey? aecia/aoe iaeneiaeueio aaee/eio
noaoe/iiai ? aeeiai?/iiai i?iaei?a ?ioi?a a na?aaei?e /anoei? aaea i?ae
ae??th on?o iaaaioaaeaiue ? nai?e iani?eyoeea?e noai? eiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy. Aeeiiai? oai?aoe/i? oa aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy
iieacaee:

— iiaeeeaee aeeiai?/iee i?iaei aaea ia ?iai/?e /anoio? iaa?oaiiy ca
iaeneiaeueiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy aeey ??cieo oei?a oaooieo ianin?a a
1,14-3,2 ?ace ia?aaeuo? aaee/eio ii/aoeiaiai (iii?iaeueiiai) caci?o a
u?eeiieo ou?eueiaiiyo ?iai/eo eie?n;

— eii?aeeiaoe iaeneiaeueiiai i?iaeio aaea iacaeaaeii a?ae i?noey
i?eeeaaeaiiy iaaaioaaeaiiy ia nooiai? a?ae ia?oi? aei inoaiiuei?
ci?iththoueny ianooo?ai ? ciaoiaeyoueny a cii? na?aaeiuei? nooiai?;

— aaee/eia aeeiai?/iiai i?iaeio ia iaaeiaaioaaeaieo ?aaeeiao ia 5-7%
aeua i?iaeio ia ?aaeeiao, aeecueeeo aei iii?iaeueiiai;

— aecia/aiiy aaee/eie i?iaei?a ia iio?aao? a?aooaaiiy inueiaeo coneeue,
ui ae?thoue ia ?ioi?;

— iniiaiee e?eoa??e aeai?o ?aoe?iiaeueieo ?ici???a aaea — aeeiai?/iee
i?iaei i?ae ae??th a?aie/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue, iiaeiai aooe iaioei a?ae
aaee/eie ?aae?aeueiiai caci?o a u?eeiieo ou?eueiaiiyo ?ioi?a.

?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo ? aeai?o ?aoe?iiaeueieo eiino?oeoeaieo
ia?aiao??a ?ioi??a ? oaoi?/i? ??oaiiy uiaei noaa?e?caoe?? aeeiai?/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee ?ioi??a i?ae /an aenieoaoaoe??? iiooaeieo ianin?a
aeei?enoai? a i?ioean? noai?aiiy iiaiai iiooaeiiai a?aeoeaio?iaiai
oaooiiai ianina AAIN 550-182…1000 (AEaIO? 550) ia noaae?? ?ic?aooieo
eiai ia?aiao??a, ii?aoethaaiiy eiino?oeoi?nueeeo ae??oaiue ? ?ic?iaee
aeieoiaioaoe??.

?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ? oaoi?/i? ae??oaiiy aeei?enoiaoaaeenue oaeiae i?ae
/an iiaeaea?i?caoe?? ianina AIN 300-120…600 o AO «Aeiia??iao» (i.
Aeiiaoeuee) ? i?aeaioiaoe? ii?iaoeaiiai aeieoiaioa «Oaoi?/i? aeiiae aei
oaooieo ianin?a» AeAAO «IAe? AI ?i I.I.Oaaei?iaa».

I?eeiaeuei? aei?iaoaaiiy aeine?aeieo c?ace?a ianina AAIN 550-182…1000,
ye? i?ioiaeeee a 1993-95?? ia oaoo? «Eiiniiieuenueea» AeOE «Aio?aoeeo»,
? aei?iaiaoaaiiy oeeo iaoei ia iaae?ei?noue, ui o?eaathoue,
i?aeoaa?aeeee aenie? ?o iieacieee. Ia?iaea ia a?aeeac neeaaea? iiiaae
8200aiae, EEAe — ia iaioa 74%.

Caaaeueiee ??/iee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ic?iaie
neaeaaea? 2,8 iei.a?i., a yeiio iniaenoa /anoea aaoi?a neeaaea? 1,8
iei.a?i.

Iniiaii iieiaeaiiy i ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoei? iioaeieiaaii a ianooiieo
?iaioao:

1. Aeaiueaei A.I., Iaeaia?/oe I.A. Iaania/aiea onoie/eaie ?aaiou
oaooiuo ianinia// Oaieue Oe?aeiu.-1997.-?6. — N.57-59.

2. Aeaiueaei A.I., Iaeaia?/oe I.A., Aaeaiei A.I. Iniiaiua niiniau e
noaiu ioea/ee caoiieaiiuo au?aaioie oaieueiuo oaoo// Oaieue
Oe?aeiu.-1997.-?8. — N.52-55.

3. Aeaiueaei A.I.,Iaoiieei A.A., Iaeaia?/oe I.A. Ianin AEaIOE550 aeey
aeoaieeo e iaaiaeiaiiuo oaoo // Oaieue Oe?aeiu.-1997.-?11. — N.18-21.

4. Aeaiueaei A.I., Oeiioei TH.A., Iaeaia?/oe I.A. Caueoa aiaeiioeeaiuo
onoaiiaie n iineaaeiaaoaeueii aeeth/aiiuie ianinaie// Oaieue
Oe?aeiu.-1998.-?2. — N.29-30.

5. Aeaiueaei A.I., Iaeaia?/oe I.A. Oi?iuaiiue iaoiae ?an/aoa ia?aiao?ia
?aai/eo ?aaeeiia ianina // Oaieue Oe?aeiu.-1998. -?3.-N48-50.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a a ?iaioao, ui iioaeieiaaii o niiaaaoi?noai
iieyaa? a ianooiiiio: /1/ — ?ic?iaea aiae?oe/ieo caeaaeiinoae,
oi?ioethaaiiy oiia no?eei? ?iaioe ianin?a; /2/ — aiae?c ?nioth/eo noai
a?aeea/oaaiiy, ?ic?iaea ?aoe?iiaeueieo niinia?a oa iaa?oiooaaiiy iiaeo
oaoi?/ieo ??oaiue; /3/ — iaa?oiooaaiiy i?eioeei?a eiino?othaaiiy
iiooaeieo ianin?a; /4/ — ?ica»ycie caaea/?, aiae?c io?eiaieo
caeaaeiinoae; /5/ — iinoaiiaea caaea/?, io?eiaiiy caeaaeiinoae, ?o
aiae?c.

AIIOAOeIss

Aeaiuea?i A.I. «Oaeineiiaeaiiy iiooaeieo aaaaoinooiaiaaeo ianinua aeey
aeeaieeo u iaaiaeiaieo oaoo» — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoeiy ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoii/ieo iaoe
ca niaoeiaeueiinoth 05.05.06 — «A??ie/? iaoeie». Iaoeiiiaeueia ai?ie/a
aeaaeaiiy Oe?a?ie. Aeiii?iiao?ianuee. — 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia anoaiiaeaiith ?aoe?iiaeueieo eiino?oeoeaieo
ia?aiao??a ?ioi??a iiooaeieo oaooieo ianin?a oa ieoaiiyi aaeineiiaeaiiy
eiino?oeoe?e iaaaioaaeaieo aeaoaeae. A ?iaio? aoee aeine?aeaeai? i?e/eie
ni?aoethaaiiy oa a?aeeaco aaciaeo aeaoaeae, oiiae oa iaoai?ci ci?iaiiy
aeeiai?/iiai i?iaeio aaeii?iaiaeo i?ae /an aenieoaoaoe?? ianina.
Anoaiiaeai? iaeneiaeuei? iieacieee iaaaioaaeaiue oa caeiii? aeaoi?iaoe??
aae?a, ui aeieeathoue a i?ioean? ?iaioe ianina a iano?eeeo ?aaeeiao ?
i?ae /an ni?aoethaaiiy aeaiaio?a ?ioi?a. ?ic?iaeaia oai??y, iaoiaeeea
?ic?aooieo ?aoe?iiaeueieo eiino?oeoeaieo ia?aiao??a ?ioi??a, a oaeiae
oaoi?/i? ??oaiiy uiaei noaa?e?caoe?? aeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee iiooaeieo
a?aeoeaio?iaeo ianin?a. Iaoiaeeea aeei?enoaia i?e i?iaeooaaii? iiaeo ?
iiaea?i?coe?? ianin?a oaooiiai aiaeia?aeeeao oeio AAIN 550 oa AIN 300.

Eeth/iai neiaa: oaooiee ianin, aiaeia?aeeeaia onoaiiaea, ?ioi?, aae,
aeeiai?/iee i?iaei, caeiia aei?noe?noue, ?aaeei ?iaioe, ni?aoethaaiiy.

AIIIOAOeEss

Aeaiueaei A.I. Niaa?oainoaiaaiea iiuiuo iiiainooiai/aouo ianinia aeey
aeoaieeo e iaaiaeiaiiuo oaoo. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeeueiinoe 05.05.06 — «Ai?iua iaoeiu». Iaoeeiiaeueiay ai?iay
aeaaeaiey Oe?aeiu. Aeiai?iiao?iane. — 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ii?aaeaeaieth ?aoeeiiaeueiuo eiino?oeoeaiuo
ia?aiao?ia ?ioi?ia iiuiuo oaooiuo ianinia e aii?inai niaa?oainoaiaaiey
eiino?oeoeee iaa?oaeaiiuo aeaoaeae. A ?aaioa enneaaeiaaiu i?e/eiu
eciaoeaaiey e ioeacia aaciauo aeaoaeae, oneiaey e iaoaieci eciaiaiey
aeeiaie/aneiai i?iaeaa aaeii?iaiaea i?e yenieoaoaoeee ianina.
Onoaiiaeaii, /oi i?ioeann ia?aaiiia?iiai aeae?iaa?aceaiiai e
eaaeoaoeeiiiiai ?ac?ooaiey ?aai/eo eiean e oieioiaiee nii?iaiaeaeaaony
cia/eoaeueiui ?inoii aeenaaeaina ?ioi?a (a 10-25 ?ac) e aiieeooaeu aai
ecaeaiuo eieaaaiee. Yenia?eiaioaeueii aeieacaii, /oi oaaee/aiea
aiciouathueo iaa?ocie, aucuaathueo oneeaiea ecaeaiie aeaoi?iaoeee aaeia,
ioia/aaony a ciia iaonoie/eauo ?aaeeiia ianina e iaeuo iiaea/. Iniiaiie
eiioeaiooaeueiue i?eioeei nicaeaiey iiauo e niaa?oainoaiaaiey
auioneaaiuo iiuiuo oaooiuo ianinia iainiiaaiiue a aeenna?oaoeee ninoieo
a oii, /oi ecaeaiay aeanoeinoue aaea aeieaeia iaania/eoue ii?iaeueioth
?aaioo ?ioi?a a oa/aiea anaai caaeaiiiai ?ano?na i?e iaeneiaeueii
aiciiaeiie iao?aaiiaaoaiiinoe. ?ac?aaioaia oai?ey, iaoiaeeea ?an/aoa
?aoeeiiaeueiuo eiino?oeoeaiuo ia?aiao?ia ?ioi?ia oaooiuo ianinia.
Iieo/aiu ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii noaaeeecaoeee aeeiaie/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee
?ioi?ia oeaio?iaaaeiuo ianinia, i?eaaaeaiu cia/aiey eiino?oeoeaiuo
ia?aiao?ia aaeia ?ac?aaaouaaaiuo e auioneaaiuo oaooiuo ianinia oeia
AOeIN e OeIN.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oaooiue ianin, aiaeiioeeaiay onoaiiaea, ?ioi?, aae,
aeeiaie/aneee i?iaea, ecaeaiay aeanoeinoue, ?aaeei ?aaiou, eciaoeaaiea.

SUMMARY

Dengin A.P. Improvement of high-capacity multistage pumps for deep and
watered mines. — Manuscript.

Thesis for the Candidate of science degree by speciality 05.05.06 —
Minig machines. — The National Mining University of Ukraine,
Dniepropetrovsk, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to determination of rational parameters for
high-lift pumps rotors and to the questions of loaded parts design
improvement. The causes of location parts wear and failure, mechanism
and parameters of shafting dynamic deflection change during pump
operation are investigated in the work. Maximum values of loads and
rotor deflections, occurring under unsteady modes of operation with
working parts wearing, have been determined. The theory and methods of
rational design parameters calculation are developed, and technical
decisions are offered as to stabilization of high-capacity pumps dynamic
characteristics. This metod has been used when designing new and
modernized mine water drainage pumps of the ATsNS (AKaNTI) and TsNS
types.

Key words: mine pump, mine pump station, rotor, shaft, dynamic
deflection, flexural rigidity, mode of operation, wear.

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