1

OE?A?INUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO OA?*IAEO OAOIIEIA?E

IE?EIEE IAOAE?ss A?EOI??AIA

OAeE 664.664.3

OAeINEIIAEAIIss INIIAIEO I?IOeAN?A AE?IAIEOeOAA IOAIE*IEO
NOOA??A, NOI?IIAAIEO AENO?OC??TH

05.18.12 — “I?ioeane oa aia?aoe oa?/iaeo ae?iaieoeoa”

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

EE?A — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oe?a?inueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao?
oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio, Oaee/eoi
Aieiaeeie? ?aaiiae/, Oe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao oa?/iaeo
oaoiieia?e, aeioeaio eaoaae-?e iaoei ? aia?ao?a oa?/iaeo ae?iaieoeoa.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,
Iaco?aiei Ieaenaiae? A?eai?iae/, Oe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao
oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e, caa?aeoaa/ ea-oaae?e aeaeo?ioaoi?ee;

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe,
?aeineaanueeee A?eoi? Aaea??eiae/, ?inoeooo i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? ?
ia?ai?aeaioiaee ea??aieo i?aoe?aiee?a ? niaoe?ae?no?a oa?/iai? ?
ia?a?iaii? i?iieneiaino?, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e oe?aiiaea?nueeeo ?
eiiaeeoa?nueeeo ae?iaieoeoa.

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y: Oa?e?anueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y oaoiieia??
oa i?aai?caoe?? oa?/oaaiiy

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 3 ” eenoiiaaea
1999 ?. i 14-00 aiae. ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?
a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.058.02 Oe?a?inueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo
oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e ca aae?anith: i. Ee?a, aoe. Aieiaeeie?nueea,
68, ei?ion A, aoae. 311.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe?
Oe?a?inueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e ca
aae?anith: i. Ee?a, aoe. Aieiaeeie?nueea, 68.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 30 ” aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

e.o.i., aeioeaio Caa’yeia A.E.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iaeia c aaaeeeaeo i?noeue o
ae?iaieoeoa? aeeoo?ai iio??aieo oa?/iaeo i?iaeoeo?a caeia?
oe?aiiaea?nueea aaeocue aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno. Iie?ioaiiy
yeino? oe?aiaoei/ieo ae?ia?a iiaeia aeinyaoe ca ?aooiie
i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? ie?aieo noaae?e oe?aiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa,
cie?aia iniiaii? c oeeo noaae?e — aei?eaiiy. A?ae nooiaiy
aeineiiaeino? oe?aiiaea?nueeeo ia/ae aaaaoi a /iio caeaaeaoue ye
aeanoeaino? oe?aiaoei/ieo ae?ia?a, oae ? caaaeuei? aeo?aoe ia ?o
io?eiaiiy.

Nooa?i? ae?iae caeiathoue cia/ia i?noea a oa?/iaiio
?aoe?ii? ethaeeie. O ca’yceo c oeei iinoa? caaaeaiiy a?eueo
iiaiiai caaeiaieaiiy iio?aa ianaeaiiy a oeeo i?iaeoeoao,
iino?eiiai iie?ioaiiy ?o yeino?.

Aeey oeueiai iio??aii aeeaiei aea/aoe caeiiii??iino?
ie?aieo i?ioean?a ? aeyaeyoe ca’ycee i?ae iieacieeaie yeino?
oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano ? ye?noth i?iaeoeoe?? c iaoith neeaaeaiiy
?o iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae, aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueieo oaoiieia?/ieo
?aaeei?a.

?nioth/?, o?aaeeoe?ei? niiniae oi?ioaaiiy nooa?ieo oiae, a
oaeiae niiniae noo?iiy nooa??a iathoue ?noioi? iaaeie?ee.
Aenooai? ae?iae iathoue oaa?aeo no?oeoo?o ? iaeee ia’?i.

Oaeei /eiii, aeieeea iio?aaa ?ic?iaeaiiy iiaiai niiniao
oi?ioaaiiy nooa?ii? oiaee oa aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeano noo?iiy
nooa??a. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy niiniao oi?ioaaiiy nooa?ii? oiaee iaoiaeii
aeno?oc?? aea? ciiao nei?ioeoe e?euee?noue onoaoeoaaiiy ?
io?eiaoe nooa?? c i?aeieie niaeiaeie aeanoeainoyie.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.
Oaia ?iaioe a?aeiia?aea? ieaiai iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe
Oe?a?inueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiaiith iaoith
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? oaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioeano ae?iaieoeoaa
nooa??a, noi?iiaaieo aeno?oc??th oa aea/aiiy e?iaoeee oaieiaeo
i?ioean?a, ui a?aeaoaathoueny i?ae /an aei?eaiiy nooa?ii? oiaee
? noo?iiy nooa??a o eiiaaeoeaieo onoaiiaeao.

Iniiai? caaaeaiiy iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy:

— aeine?aeeoe i?ioeane oaieiia?aianaiiy aei o?noiai? caaioiaee
i?ae /an aei?eaiiy;

— aecia/eoe caeaaeiino? aaee/eie oi?eaiiy ? oiaueie nei?eiee
nooa?ii? oiaee a?ae oaeaeeino? ?ooo na?aaeiaeua iaea?ii? eaia?e
a eiiaaeoeai?e ia/?;

— aecia/eoe caeaaeiino? ci?ie aenioe nooa?ii? oiaee a?ae
niinia?a oi?ioaaiiy ? aei?eaiiy;

— aeine?aeeoe aieea oaeaeeino? ?ooo ? oaiia?aoo?e na?aaeiaeua
iaea?ii? eaia?e ia o?eaae?noue aei?eaiiy nooa?ii? oiaee;

— aecia/eoe ?aoe?iiaeuei? oiiae i?ioean?a oi?ioaaiiy ?
aei?eaiiy nooa?ii? oiaee;

— ai?iaaaeeoe eiino?oeoeaio noaio aa?aaaoo aeey oi?ioaaiiy
nooa?ii? oiaee o ae?iaieoeoai.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

?ic?iaeaii iiaee niin?a ae?iaieoeoaa nooa?ieo oiae c
aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiaea aeno?oc?? i?e oi?ioaaii? oa ?iciooaii?
o?noiaeo caaioiaie ?c aea?iaeaeaiiai o?noa, yeee oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
aaee/eiith e?eoe/iiai oeneo.

Aecia/ai? ?aoe?iiaeuei? oiiae i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy nooa?ii?
oiaee iaoiaeii aeno?oc??. Aeine?aeaeaii aieea oeneo o ?iai/?e
eaia?? aeno?oaea?a ia aaee/eio aoaeoeaii? a’yceino? ? oaeaeeino?
cnoao, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue ye?ni? iieacieee aei?aniaaiiai
aeaeaooa.

Io?eiaii caeaaeiino? aieeao oaiia?aoo?e, oaeaeeino? ?ooo
na?aaeiaeua iaea?ii? eaia?e oa ?ioaineaiino? oaieii?aeaiaeo ia
i?ioean aei?eaiiy nooa?ieo oiae oa noo?iiy nooa??a.

Io?eiaii caeaaei?noue ye?nieo iieaciee?a aeia/aieo nooa?ieo
oiae oa aenooaieo nooa??a a?ae ?ioaineaiino? eiiaaeoeaiiai
oaieii?aeaiaeo.

Aecia/aii ?aoe?iiaeueiee oaieiaee ?aaeei aei?eaiiy nooa?ieo
oiae, noi?iiaaieo iaoiaeii aeno?oc??.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaoeia?
?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe iai?aaeai? ia ae??oaiiy caaaeaiue noai?aiiy
a?iaeeeueii-oi?ioth/iai aa?aaaoo aeey oi?ioaaiiy nooa?ieo oiae
iaoiaeii aeno?oc??. Oea aeicaiey? ?noioii ci?ieoe i?ioean
oi?ioaaiiy nooa?ii? oiaee, ui i?eaiaeeoue aei ciaioaiiy
e?eueeino? iaeaaeiaiiy o iaoeiii-aia?aoo?i?e noai? oa aia?aicao?ao
ia ae?iaieoeoai nooa??a.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy oaieiaeo ?aaeei?a o i?ioean? aei?eaiiy
nooa?ii? oiaee ? noo?iiy nooa??a ni?yiiaai? ia oaeineiiaeaiiy
eiino?oeoe?? oe?aiiaea?ieo ia/ae ? nooa?ie. Aa?aaao aeey
oi?ioaaiiy nooa?ii? oiaee ai?iaaaeaeaiee o oaoiieia?/io e?i?th
ae?iaieoeoaa nooa??a ia Iieoaanueeiio oe?aicaaiae? ?1 i?e
aaciina?aaei?e o/ano? aaoi?a. (Aeo i?i ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aeiaea?oueny
aei aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe).

Iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa.

Iaoeia? ?ic?iaee iia’ycai? c iinoaiiaeith iaoe ? caaea/
aeine?aeaeaiue, aiae?cii i?ioean?a oi?ioaaiiy, aei?eaiiy ? noo?iiy
nooa?ieo oiae, oa ?iaioe ?nioth/iai iaeaaeiaiiy, neeaaeaiiyi oa
aiae?cii iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae?, aeaioiaeaiiyi aenia?eiaioaeueieo
onoaiiaie, iinoaiiaeith oa i?iaaaeaiiyi aenia?eiaio?a, ia?iaeith
?o ?acoeueoao?a, oi?ioaaiiyi aeniiae?a, ai?iaaaeaeaiiyi iaoeiaeo
?ic?iaie o ae?iaieoeoai. A on?o noaae?yo oe??? ?iaioe aeena?oaio
a?aa aaciina?aaeith o/anoue.

A ?iaioao, ui iioae?eiaai? o ni?aaaoi?noa?, aeena?oaioo
iniaenoi iaeaaeaoue iaoeia? ?aea?, ?o iaoaiaoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy,
ao?eaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue o i?aeoeeo.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
aeiiia?aeaeenue oa iaaiai?thaaeenue ia:

— i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «?icaeoie
ianiaiai oa?/oaaiiy aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa ? oo?ecio a oiiaao
?eieiaeo a?aeiinei», Ee?a, 1994 ??e;

— i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Iio?aaeoaeueneay
eiiia?aoeey a ia?aoiaeiue ia?eiae: i?iaeaiu e ia?niaeoeau»,
Iieoaaa, 1995 ??e.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ii iaoa??aeai ?iaioe iioae?eiaaii 11
ae?oeiaaieo ?ia?o, a oiio /ene? 3 noaoo? a oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo,
oa 1 iaoaio ia aeiao?ae.

Ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
/ioe?ueio aeaa, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo
aeaea?ae, ui aeeth/a? 148 iaeiaioaaiue, aeiaeaoe?a, i?noeoue 10
oaaeeoeue, 22 ?enoiee. Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii ia
128 noi??ieao ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

Anooi. Iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe, noi?ioeueiaaia
iiaecia ? i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue. Aeeeaaeai? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy
aeeiiaii? ?iaioe oa ?? cia/aiiy aeey ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa.

IAEssAe E?OA?AOO?E

Iaaaaeai? a?aeiiino? i?i iniaeeaino? oaieiianiiai?iieo
i?ioean?a, ui a?aeaoaathoueny i?ae /an aei?eaiiy o?noiaeo
caaioiaie.

Iniiaiei o?ce/iei i?ioeanii, ui a?aeaoaa?oueny i?ae /an
aei?eaiiy o?noiaeo caaioiaie, ? ia?aianaiiy oaieioe ? aieiae.
Oai??y ia?aianaiiy oaieioe ? aieiae a i?ioean? aei?eaiiy aea?
iiaeeea?noue iaa?oiooaaoe ?aaeeie aei?eaiiy ? noai?eoe iia?
eiino?oeoe?? oe?aiiaea?ieo ia/ae. Iniiae oaieio?ce/ii? oai???
i?ioeano aei?eaiiy ?ic?iaeai? A.N. A?icao?aii ? a?oioothoueny ia
oai??? oaieiianiiai?io, noai?aiiio aeaaeai?eii I.A. Eeeiaei oa
eiai oeieith.

Ia?o? ?iaioe uiaei aea/aiiy oaieio?ce/ieo i?ioean?a i?ae
/an aei?eaiiy oe?aa i?iaaaeai? I.?. E?aniiiaaoeaaei, E.ss.
Aoa?iaiii, O.A. Ooia?aei, ?.?. Iaeetheiaei, A.N. A?icao?aii, A.A.
I?oae?aei, I.O. E?niaaiei oa ?ioeie.

Aeooeoaaiiy ?aoe?iiaeueieo ?aaeei?a ? niinia?a aei?eaiiy —
aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo oe?aiiaea?ii? oaoi?ee. ?iaioe A.I.
Ia?naeiaa, ?.A. Iieiaeeo, I.?. E?aniiiaaoeaaa, I.A. A?e?eiaa, A.N.
A?icao?aa, A.A. I?oaeaaa, I.O. E?niaaiea, A.?. Oaee/eoia oa ?ioeo
c?iaeee aaeeeee aianie o noai?aiiy iiaeo i?/ieo aa?aaao?a,
oaeineiiaeaiiy oe?aiiaea?ieo ? eiiaeeoa?nueeeo ia/ae, iaa?oiooaaiiy
iioeiaeueieo ?aaeei?a aei?eaiiy.

Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ioaineaiino? oaieiaiai iioieo, ui
ia?aaea?oueny aei o?noiai? caaioiaee, ? anoaiiaeaiiy ca’yceo i?ae
iniiaieie ia?aiao?aie ? aea?? ?aoe?iiaeueieo ?aaeei?a i?ioeano.
Ieoaiiyie aei??thaaiiy oaieiaeo iioie?a o oe?aiiaea?ieo ia/ao
caeiaeeny O.A. Ooia?a, ?.?. Iaeetheia, I.A. A?e?eia, I.A. Aa?auaiei,
A.A. Oaaei?ia, I.O. E?niaaiei, A.?. Oaee/eoi oa ?io?. Iiooiaoii
aei ?icaeoeo oaieiiao?e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue o oe?aiiaea?nuee?e
i?iieneiaino? noaei ?ic?iaeaiiy iaeiaaaa?eoieo aeaaa/?a,
aeanoeaino? yeeo (oaiei — ? oaiia?aoo?ii?ia?aei?noue, nooi?iue
/i?iioe iiaa?oi?) ca caa?aaeaiiyi aeniei? /ooeeaino? iiaeia
iaaeeceoe aei aeanoeainoae oe?aiaoei/ieo ae?ia?a.

Ia caeiiii??iinoyo aioo??oiueiai ? ciai?oiueiai
oaieiianiia?aianaiiy, ia a/aii? i?i oi?ie ca’yceo aieiae c
iaoa??aeii, ia o?ceei-o?i?/ieo, oaieio?ce/ieo, no?oeoo?ii-iaoai?/ieo
oa ?ioeo aeanoeainoyo i?iaeoeo?a aaco?oueny iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaiee
aea?? ?aoe?iiaeueieo ?aaeei?a noo?iiy. Noo?iiy oa?/iaeo
i?iaeoeo?a yaey? niaith neeaaeiee oaieio?ce/iee, o?ceei-o?i?/iee ?
oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean, a?ae yeiai aaaaoi a /iio caeaaeeoue
ye?noue aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??. Oai??y i?ioeano noo?iiy aoea
aeeeaaeaia a i?aoeyo I.A. Eeeiaa, E.ss. Aoa?iaia, A.N. A?icao?aa,
A.E. O?eiiaiea, I.TH. Eo?’? oa ?ioeo. E?ioeaaith iaoith noo?iiy ?
io?eiaiiy i?iaeoeo?a c iaeiioeiaeuei?oeie aeanoeainoyie ? c?o/ieie
ye aeey caa??aaiiy, oae ? aeey o?ainii?ooaaiiy.

I?aeo?eiaiiy oaiia?aoo?ieo ia?aiao??a oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a
ia iioeiaeueiiio ??ai? ni?ey? iie?ioaiith yeino? i?iaeoeoe??,
aeiiii?? iaeeaa ? ne?iaeie. Oe?aiiaea?nueea ae?iaieoeoai oa
aoaeoeaia aenieoaoaoe?y i?/ieo aa?aaao?a iaiiaeeea? aac iiaioaaiiy
iaoiae?a aei??thaaiiy oaieiaeo ?aaeei?a, ?o eiio?ieth ?
iaeaaiaeaeaiiy. Ci?ia oaiia?aoo?e ii aenio? o?noiai? caaioiaee
coiiaeth? ia?aa?a o ??cieo oa?ao o?noa-oe?aa oeo i?ioean?a, ye?
i?eaiaeyoue aei ooai?aiiy nei?eiee ? i’yeooee oe?aa. Aea/aiiy
ci?i oaiia?aoo? ona?aaeei? o?noiai? caaioiaee o i?ioean?
aei?eaiiy a?aeia?aaeaii a i?aoeyo E.ss. Aoa?iaia, E.N. A?icao?aa,
O.A. Ooia?aa, ?.?. Iaeetheiaa, A.A. I?oaeaaa, I.O. E?niaaiea, A.?.
Oaee/eoia oa ?io?.

O oa?/ia?e i?iieneiaino? oe?iea canoinoaaiiy ciaeoea
aeno?oc?y, aea a oe?aiiaea?nuee?e i?iieneiaino? aeno?oaoaaiiy
ae??aeaeaeiaiai o?noa ia canoiniaoaaeinue. Iiooeia? ?iaioe c
aeno?oaoaaiiy ae??aeaeaeiaiai o?noa i?iaaaeai? a EO?OI A.?.
Oaee/eoiii, TH.N. Aa?aaeieoeueeith. ?ic?iaeaii niiniae ae?iaieoeoaa
aeaeaooiiiae?aieo ae?ia?a ?c ae??aeaeaeiaiai o?noa. O i?ioean?
aeno?oc?? o?noa a?eueo ca ana, i?ae ca ?ioeo niinia?a
oi?ioaaiiy, aeyaeythoueny eiai ?aieia?/i? aeanoeaino?, ui
coiiaeththoue ye?noue aei?aniaoaaiiai aeaeaooa ? niaoeeo?/i?
caeaaeiino? ci?ie iiaa?oi? aeno?oaeiaaiiai i?iaeoeoo.

C e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo a?aeiii, ui ia e?iaoeeo
oaieiianiiai?iieo i?ioean?a, ia ci?io oaieio?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae
o?noiai? caaioiaee nooo?ai aieeaa? i?aai?caoe?y oaieii?aeaaaeaiiy.
Neeaaeieie oaieio?ce/ieie, o?ceei-o?i?/ieie ? oaoiieia?/ieie
i?ioeanaie, a?ae yeeo aaaaoi o /iio caeaaeeoue ye?noue aioiai?
i?iaeoeoe??, ? noo?iiy nooa??a. I?ioean oi?ioaaiiy
aeaeaooiiiae?aieo ae?ia?a aeno?oc??th aeioe?eueii i?iaiaeeoe ?acii
c ?icioooaaiiyi o?noiaeo aeaeaoo?a o aeeiai?/ieo oiiaao, ui, a
naith /a?ao, aeeeth/a? ianooiio noaae?th aenoithaaiiy ? cia/ii
ni?iuo? iaoeiii-aia?aoo?ia ioi?ieaiiy.

IA’?EOE OA IAOIAeE AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei o?noi aeey i?eaiooaaiiy nooa??a
ioaie/ieo “I?aei?” c ai?ioia ioaie/iiai aeuiai aaooieo.
?aoeaioo?a oa iniiai? oaoiieia?/i? ia?aiao?e i?eaiooaaiiy o?noa
nooa??a ioaie/ieo “I?aeieo” iaaaaeai? a oaoiieia?/i?e ?ino?oeoe??
? 400-8-11-88, ?ic?iaeai?e Eai?ia?aaenueeei o?e?aeii AIAe?OI.

Oi?ioaaiiy nooa?ii? oiaee i?iaiaeeeinue ia aenia?eiaioaeueiiio
aeno?oaea?? (?en.1), ui neeaaea?oueny c i?eeiaeueii? ai?iiee,
oiaea, ?iai/i? eaia?e, oi?ioaaeueiiai ioai?o.

Aei?eaiiy nooa?ii? oiaee ? noo?iiy nooa??a i?iaiaeeeinue ia
aenia?eiaioaeuei?e onoaiiaoe? c eiiaaeoeaiei ia?a??aii (?en.2), ui
neeaaea?oueny c oaeeo iniiaieo aoce?a: a?aeoeaio?iaiai
aaioeeyoi?a, aeiea iaa??aieo aeaiaio?a, eaia?e aei?eaiiy,
aei??thaaeueieo cania?a aeey ?a?no?oaaiiy oaiia?aoo?e, oaieiaeo
iioie?a ? ci?ie iane o?noiai? caaioiaee.

Oaeaee?noue ?ooo na?aaeiaeua iaea?ii? eaia?e aecia/aeanue
iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaei oa?iiaiaiiiao?ii oeio YA-1I, ?iaioa yeiai
a?oioo?oueny ia ci?iaii? oaieiiai?io i?ae?a??aiiai oa?ii?acenoi?a
caeaaeii a?ae aaee/eie oaeaeeino? iioieo.

Aeey aecia/aiiy oaiia?aoo? ii oiauei? o?noiai? caaioiaee
aeei?enoiaoaaany oeaeo oiieeo i?aeue-eiinoaioaiiaeo oa?iiia? o
e?eueeino? 6 oooe. Aeaioiaeaiee oeaeo oa?iiia? yaey? niaith
oiieee, aio/eee ? aeanoe/iee no?eaeaiue, yeee eaaei iiaeia
aaiaeeoe a o?noiao caaioiaeo.

Aeey aei??thaaiiy oaieiaeo iioie?a ia iiaa?oi? o?noiai?
caaioiaee aeei?enoiaoaaeenue aeaaa/? oaieiaeo iioie?a. Aeaaa/
yaey? niaith ieanoeio caaoiaoee 1-1,5 ii, a yeo aeeaaeaia ieinea
ni??aeue ?c iine?aeiaii aeeth/aieo aeeoa?aioe?eieo oa?iiia?.

I?ae /an iao?ieia?/iiai eiio?ieth aei??thaaeueieo cania?a
i?iaaaeaii ia?aa??eo a?aeoai?thaaiino? aeine?ae?a ia
aenia?eiaioaeuei?e onoaiiaoe?.

A?aeoai?thaai?noue aeine?ae?a ioe?ithaaeanue ca e?eoa???i
Eio?aia, yeee aecia/aee ye a?aeiioaiiy iaea?eueoi? c ioe?iie
aeenia?n?e aei noie an?o ioe?iie aeenia?n?e. I?iaaaeaii
aecia/aiiy ii?iaa /ooeeaino? aei??thaaeueieo cania?a. Iaoaiaoe/ia
ia?iaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a i?iaaaeaii ca?aeii c iaoiaeaie
iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee c aecia/aiiyi aeinoia??iinoae e?euee?nieo
??cieoeue ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oa?aeoa? ca’yceo i?ae
ie?aieie ia?aiao?aie ? eiai e?euee?niee ai?no ciaoiaeeee o
aeaeyae? ei?aeyoe?eii? caeaaeiino?. O ?iaio? aeei?enoaii iaoiae
iaoaiaoe/iiai ieaioaaiiy aenia?eiaioo aeey ciaoiaeaeaiiy
?aoe?iiaeueieo ia?aiao??a (oaiia?aoo?e na?aaeiaeua iaea?ii? eaia?e,
oaeaeeino? eiiaaeoeaieo iioie?a). Iaoaiaoe/ia ia?iaeaiiy
?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaioo i?iaiaeeeinue c aeei?enoaiiyi AII.

AeINE?AeAEAIIss I?IOeANO EIIAAEOEAII? AEI?*EE

? NOOEE I?E AE?IAIEOeOA? CAeIAIEO NOOA??A

A?aeiia?aeii aei oe?e? ?iaioe, iaaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeano eiiaaeoeaiiai aei?eaiiy nooa?ii? oiaee ?
noo?iiy i?ae /an ae?iaieoeoaa caeiaieo nooa??a.

Ia ?en.3 iieacaii aeine?aei? e?ea? ci?ie u?eueiino?
oaieiaeo iioie?a ia aa?oi?e (qa.n.) ? ieaei?e (qi.n.) iiaa?oiyo
nooa?ii? oiaee ? oaiia?aoo?e iiaa?oi? nei?eiee, oeaio?aeueiiai
oa?o ? oa?o, ?icoaoiaaiiai ia iaae? nei?eiee ? i’yeooee ca
?aoe?iiaeueieo oaieiaeo ?aaeei?a. U?euei?noue oaieiaiai iioieo, ui
ni?eeia?oueny aa?oiueith iiaa?oiath, a ii/aoeiaee ia??iae aeaui
aeua, i?ae u?eueiinoue oaieiaiai iioieo ia ieaei?e iiaa?oi? ca
?aooiie ni?eeiyooy eiiaaeoeaii? oa i?iiaienoeo neeaaeiaeo. Aeey
aei?eaiiy nooa?ii? oiaee io?eiaii ??aiyiiy aeey ieaeiuei?
nei?eiee:

i.n. = 100 i.n. 18,69 ,
( 1 )

? aeey aa?oiuei? nei?eiee:

a.n..= 110 ta.n. — 19,92 ln ,
( 2 )

aea: ti.n, ta.n. — a?aeiia?aeii oaiia?aoo?e ieaeiuei? oa
aa?oiuei? nei?eiee a?ae /ano aei?eaiiy .

Aeey io?eiaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i caaaeueio e?euee?noue
oaieioe, yeo ni?eeia? nooa?ia oiaea a i?ioean? aei?eaiiy,
cae?eniaii ?ioaa?oaaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo ieiu i?ae e?i?yie oaieiaeo
iioie?a (?en.3). Caaaeueia oaieii?aeaaaeaiiy /a?ac aa?oith ?
ieaeith iiaa?oi? noaiiaeei 119 eAeae. C?noaaeaiiy oaieiiao?e/ieo
aei??thaaiue c oai?aoe/iei oaieiiiaeeiaiiyi aea? iiaeeea?noue
aecia/eoe e?euee?noue oaieioe, ui aeo?a/a?oueny ia iie?eooy
oaieio?ce/ieo i?ioean?a: ca?eueoaiiy ia’?io o?noiai? caaioiaee,
oaieio?ce/i? ia?aoai?thaaiiy, iiaeieaiiy iii?o aeoiaeo aac?a /a?ac
iiaa?oith nei?eiee ? o.?i. O oe?eiio oea noaiiaeoue 7,8 %
caaaeueiiai oaieiniiaeeaaiiy. Oe? aeo?aoe o?aaa a?aoiaoaaoe i?e
aecia/aii? e?eueeino? oaieioe ia aei?eaiiy.

Oa?aeoa? oaiia?aoo?ieo e?eaeo na?ae/eoue i?i iayai?noue
oaiia?aoo?iiai a?aae??ioa, aaee/eia yeiai iaea?eueoa aei ia?oi?
e?eoe/ii? oi/ee ( ?en. 3, o.A) oaiia?aoo?ii? e?eai? oeaio?o
i’yeooee, oiaoi ia ii/aoeo i?ioeano aei?eaiiy a iniiaiiio
a?aeaoaa?oueny i?ia??aaiiy o?noa.

Aeia?iaoaaiiy aieiae a oa?ao nooa?ii? oiaee a?aeaoaa?oueny
iae?ioaineai?oa, eiee oaiia?aoo?a ?o i?aeaeuo?oueny aei ??aiy
eei?iiy aiaee ca a?aeiia?aeiiai oeneo. Oaeaee?noue aeia?iaoaaiiy
aieiae coiiaeth?oueny e?euee?noth oaieioe, ui i?aeaiaeeoueny aei
ciie aeia?iaoaaiiy.

O naith /a?ao, e?iaoeea i?ioeano aei?eaiiy
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny e?eaith ci?ie na?aaeiuei? aieiaino?
ae?iao ? e?eai? iiaeeaeaiiy iiaa?oi? aeia?iaoaaiiy.
Io?eiaiiy aeia?iye?nii? nooa?ii? oiaee c iaea?eueoei ia’?iii
? aa?iith no?oeoo?ith iia’ycaii c? noai?aiiyi oiia,
ui caaacia/othoue aeinyaiaiiy iaea?eueoiai ia’?io aei iiiaioo
cae??ieaiiy no?oeoo?e i’yeooee. C oe??th iaoith noai?th?oueny
oaeee ?aaeei aei?eaiiy, uia nii/aoeo ia iiaa?oi? nooa?ii? oiaee
ooai?eeany oiiea aeanoe/ia ie?aea, caeaoia cao?eiaoe aeo?ae aac?a
?c nooa?ii? oiaee. A i?ia??aaoe i’yeooeo iio??aii c oaeith
oaeaee?noth, yea a?aeiia?aeaea a no?oeoo?ii-iaoai?/iei aeanoeainoyi
o?noa, ui ci?iththoueny a i?ioean? aei?eaiiy.

Ia oiiae oaieiiai?io c o?noiaith caaioiaeith ?noioii
aieeaathoue a?aae??io oaiia?aoo? ? oaeaee?noue ?ooo na?aaeiaeua
iaea?ii? eaia?e. C? ca?eueoaiiyi a?aae??ioa oaiia?aoo? c?inoa?
aioo??oi? ianiia?aianaiiy ? ca?eueoo?oueny ?ioaineai?noue
oaieii?aeaaaeaiiy. Aeine?aeaeaiiyi aieeao oaiia?aoo?e ? oaeaeeino?
?ooo na?aaeiaeua ia ?aaeei aei?eaiiy a eiiaaeoeai?e ia/?
nooa?ii? oiaee ianith 0,5 ea i?aeoaa?aeaeaii, ui c? ca?eueoaiiyi
oaiia?aoo?e ? oaeaeeino? ?ooo na?aaeiaeua iaea?ii? eaia?e
o?eaae?noue aei?eaiiy nei?i/o?oueny, aea i?e n? i/n ciaioaiiy
o?eaaeino? aei?eaiiy iaeaea ia a?aeaoaa?oueny (?en.4).
?aoe?iiaeueiith ? oaeaee?noue na?aaeiaeua 3 — 4 i/n.

Aeey aiae?co eiiaaeoeaii? oaieia?aeaea/? aeei?enoiaoaaee
??aiyiiy Iuethoiia-??oiaia:

e = e ( n? iia ) I ,
( 3 )

aea e eiao?oe??io oaieia?aeaea/? eiiaaeoe??th, Ao/(i2 E); n?
oaiia?aoo?a na?aaeiaeua, N; iia oaiia?aoo?a iiaa?oi? nooa?ii?
oiaee, ; I iiaa?oiy oaieiiai?io, i2.

Iniiaiei caaaeaiiyi aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeano eiiaaeoeaiiai
oaieiiai?io ? aecia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioa oaieia?aeaea/? eii.
Oaieia?aeaea/a eiiaaeoe??th caeaaeeoue, aieiaiei /eiii, a?ae
oa?aeoa?o ?ooo aaco. Eiao?oe??io oaieia?aeaea/? eiiaaeoe??th aoei
aecia/aii aenia?eiaioaeueii c aeei?enoaiiyi i?ae /an ia?iaeaiiy
aeine?aeieo aeaieo oai??? iiae?aiino?. E?eoa??aeueia ??aiyiiy
eiiaaeoeaiiai oaieiiai?io iiaeaii a oaeiio aeaeyae?:

Nu = f ( Fo, Re, Pr, Gr ),
( 4 )

aea Nu, Fo, Re, Pr, Gr a?aeiia?aeii e?eoa??? Ionnaeueoa, Oo?’?,
?aeiieueaena, I?aiaeoey, A?anaioa.

Ca aeiooaiiai ?ooo aac?a i?ae /an eai?ia?iiai ?ooo
e?eoa??aeueia ??aiyiiy ia? aeaeyae:

Nu = 0,17 Re0,33 Pr0,43 Gr0,1 ( Pr/Pro)0,25.
( 5 )

Eiao?oe??io oaieia?aeaea/? eiiaaeoe??th aecia/aee ca
aeiiiiiaith ??aiyiiy i?e Re 10000:

eii = 0,00425 Pr0,4 / , Ao/ (i2E). ( 6 )

O oaae.1 iaaaaeaii /enaeuei? cia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioa
oaieia?aeaea/? ? u?eueiino? oaieiaiai iioieo ca ??cii? oaeaeeino?
na?aaeiaeua a ?iai/?e eaia??. ?ic?aooiie iaaaaeaii i?e
oaiia?aoo?? na?aaeiaeua a ?iai/?e eaia?? 200 N o ii/aoeiaee
ia??iae aei?eaiiy.

Oaaeeoey 1

Eiao?oe??io oaieia?aeaea/? oa u?euei?noue oaieiaiai
iioieo ca ??cii? oaeaeeino? na?aaeiaeua a ?iai/?e eaia??
eiiaaeoeaii? ia/?

,

i/n 0,5

1,0 1,5

2,0 2,5

3,0

3,5

4,0

4,5

5,0 eii,

Ao

i2 E

6,78

11,81 17,72 20,56 24,58 28,43 32,18 35,81 39,35 42,81 ,

Ao

i2

1288

2244

3367

3906

4657

5405

6114

6804

7476

8134

Caeiiii??i?noue ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o
oa?aeoa?eco? i?ioean oaieiiai?io ia iiaa?oi? nooa?ii? oiaee ?
iiaea aooe i?eeiyoa ye a?aie/ia oiiaa i?ae /an ?ic?aooieo
i?ia??aaiiy.

Ia aaniethoio aaee/eio oaieiiiaeeiaiiy o?noiaeie caaioiaeaie
aieeaa? aeo?aoa oaieioe ia oi?eaiiy, yea, i?ioa, iiaea aooe
eaaei a?aoiaaia, ine?eueee a i?ioean? aei?eaiiy oey neeaaeiaa
aeo?aoe oaieioe a iniiaiiio ci?ith?oueny ca aeecueeei aei
e?i?eiiai caeiiii. O ia/ao c eiiaaeoeaiei ia?a??aii
?ioaineai?noue oaieia?aeaea/? iiaeia ci?ithaaoe caaaeyee oaeaeeino?
? oaiia?aoo?e oaieiiin?y.

Aeey io?eiaiiy aenieiye?nii? nooa?ii? oiaee iio??aii
caaacia/eoe ??ciee oaieiaee ?aaeei aeey aa?oiuei? ? ieaeiuei?
iiaa?oiiue ae?iao. I?ae /an aeai?o ?aoe?iiaeueiiai ?aaeeio
a?aeenue oae? iniiai? iieacieee: iaeneiaeueia ca?eueoaiiy nooa?ii?
oiaee c iaea?eueo ??aiii??iei ?iciiae?eii u?eueiino? i’yeooee ii
aenio?, ooai?aiiy aeaaeei? aa?oiuei? iiaa?oi? ae?iao aac o??uei
? ?ic?ea?a.

I?iaaaeai? aeena?oaioii aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaee ciiao iiynieoe
iaoai?ci i?ioeano aei?eaiiy nooa?ieo oiae ? noo?iiy nooa??a, a
oaeiae aecia/eoe ?aoe?iiaeuei? iieacieee oaoiieia?/iiai ?aaeeio
(oaiia?aoo?o, oaeaee?noue eiiaaeoeaieo iioie?a).

AI?IAAAeAEAIIss ?ACOEUeOAO?A AeINE?AeAEAIUe

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue eyaee a iniiao noai?aiiy
a?iaeeeueii-oi?ioth/iai aa?aaaoo aeey ae?iaieoeoaa nooa?ii? oiaee,
yeee anoaiiaeaii o e?i?th ae?iaieoeoaa caeiaieo nooa??a.

Aeena?oaioii c?iaeaii iaa?oiooaaiiy eiino?oeoe??
a?iaeeeueii-oi?ioth/iai aa?aaaoo ( ?en. 5. ) aeey oi?ioaaiiy oa
?icioooaaiiy o?noiaeo caaioiaie. Aa?aaao aeey oi?ioaaiiy nooa?ii?
oiaee neeaaea?oueny c a?iaeeeueii-oi?ioth/i? ?iiino? , a yeo
ii?oiai, i?ae oeneii aei 0,3 IIa iaai?oa?oueny o?noi. ?icioooaaiiy
o?noa cae?enith?oueny o i?ioean? aacia?a?aiiai ia?ai?uaiiy o?noa
a ?iai/?e eaia??. Ia’?i ?iai/i? eaia?e aecia/a?oueny c ae?aco:

V I / , i3,
( 7 )

aea: I i?iaeoeoeai?noue e?i??, ea/aiae; o?eaae?noue a?iae?iiy o?noa
a ?iai/?e eaia?? aa?aaaoo, aiae; aonoeia o?noa i?ney cai?no,
ea/i3.

O?noiaa nooa?ia oiaea aei?aniao?oueny ?c oi?ioaaeueii?
aieiaee ia i?ae eiiaaeoeaii? ia/?. Iaai?oaeueiee ii?oaiue aa?aaaoo
aeeiiaiee oae, uia iaai?oaiiy o?noa a?aeaoaaeiny i?ae /an i?yiiai
i?ioiaeaeaiiy ii?oiy, a i?e cai?ioiueiio — a?aee?eaathoueny nooeee
? ii?oaiue i?ioiaeeoue /a?ac o?noiao iano. Eiiaaeoeaia ooiaeueia
i?/ ia? oa?aeoa?i? o?e ciie: ia?icaieiaeaiiy, ?ioaineaiiai
ia?a??aaiiy oa aeii?eaiiy. Oaiia?aoo?a iaea?ii? eaia?e
a?aeiia?aea? oaeei aaee/eiai o ciiao: ia?icaieiaeaiiy 105 — 110
N, ?ioaineaiiai ia?a??aaiiy 220 — 250 N, aeii?eaiiy 180 — 190 N.

Oaeaee?noue na?aaeiaeua a ?iai/?e eaia?? 3 — 4 i/n.
A?aeiinia aieia?noue o cii? ia?icaieiaeaiiy 70 — 75%.

I?ney aei?eaiiy ? ioieiaeaeaiiy nooa?ia oiaea ?ic??ca?oueny
aeeneiaeie iiaeaie ia nooa?? caaoiaoee 1,5 — 2 ni.

Noo?iiy a?aeaoaa?oueny a eiiaaeoeai?e nooa?oe? c aeaiia
oa?aeoa?ieie ciiaie.

sse iieacaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaeneiaeueiee a?aae??io
oaiia?aoo?e i?ae /an noo?iiy nooa??a, uia ia aoei o??uei,
noaiiaeoue 5,2 E/ni.

Ia ?en.6 iieacaia e?i?y aeey ae?iaieoeoaa nooa??a, yea
neeaaea?oueny ?c o?noii?neeueii? iaoeie, a?iaeeeueii-oi?ioth/iai
aa?aaaoo, eiiaaeoeaii? ia/?, ioieiaeaeoaaeueii? eaia?e, ??caeueii?
iaoeie oa eiiaaeoeaii? nooa?ee.

Ai?ioii iinooia? a o?noii?neeueio iaoeio O-12 (2), aea
a?aeaoaa?oueny cai?n o?noa ca?aeii ?aoeaioo?e. ??aeeii? eiiiiiaioe
iiaeathoueny o o?noii?neeueio iaoeio ?c aeicoaaeueii? noaioe??
AIEEOI-06 (1). O?noi ?c o?noii?neeueii? iaoeie iinooia? o
i?eeiaeueiee aoiea? a?iaeeeueii-oi?ioth/iai aa?aaaoo (3). Iio?i
o?noi, ii?oiai niaoe?aeueii? aoaeiae , iaai?oa?oueny o a?iaeeeueio
?ii?noue. I?ney aeinyaiaiiy oeneo 0,3 IIa, aiane?aeie iaeiie/aiiy
aoaeaeeneioe, o?noi aei?aniaoaa?oueny o aeaeyae? oiaee, /a?ac
o?eue’??e, ia i?ae eiiaaeoeaii? ia/? (5). Caaeaia aeiaaeeia
nooa?ii? oiaee aeinyaa?oueny aiane?aeie ?iaioe a?aen?eath/iai
eaca. (4).

I?ney aei?eaiiy nooa?ia oiaea iai?aaey?oueny o eaia?o
(6), aea a?aeaoaa?oueny ?ioaineaia ioieiaeaeaiiy, aiane?aeie
iiaeaiiy oieiaeiiai iia?o?y. Ioieiaeaeaia nooa?ia oiaea aei 50 N
iinooia? aei aeeneiai? ??caeueii? iaoeie (7). I?ney ??caiiy
nooa?? iinooiathoue ia i?ae eiiaaeoeaii? nooa?ee (8), ca?aeoe
nooa?? iiaeathoueny ia iaeoaaiiy.

Aeaia noaia ae?iaieoeoaa caeiaieo nooa??a ai?iaaaeaeaia ia
Iieoaanueeiio oe?aicaaiae? ?1.

AENIIAEE

1. Ae?iaieoeoai nooa??a yaey? niaith neeaaeiee eiiieaen
oaoiieia?/ieo, oaieio?ce/ieo oa o?ceei-o?i?/ieo i?ioean?a a?ae
neeaaeiaeo yeeo aaaaoi a /iio caeaaeeoue ye?noue aioiai?
i?iaeoeoe??, o oiio /ene? ? ?o aeanoeaino?, ui aecia/athoue
iniaeeaino? caa??aaiiy ? o?ainii?ooaaiiy.

2. Iaea?eueoee aieea ia i?ioean noo?iiy nooa?ii? oiaee ia?
oaiia?aoo?a iia?o?y ? iaioith i??ith oaeaee?noue iia?o?y oa eiai
a?aeiinia aieia?noue. Aieea oaeaeeino? iia?o?y a e?ioe? noo?iiy
iicia/a?oueny iaioa, i?ae o ii/aoeia?e noaae??. Ca aeaieie
aeine?aeaeaiiy io?eiaii oae? ?aoe?iiaeuei? aaee/eie: oaeaee?noue
iia?o?y 3 — 4 i/n, oaiia?aoo?a noo?iiy 90 — 100 N. Ca?eueoaiiy
oeeo aaee/ei nooo?ai aieeaa? ia a?ae?io?euei?noue nooa??a.

3. ??aiii??i?noue onaaeee i?ae /an noo?iiy neeaie nooa??a
caeaaeeoue a?ae a?aae??ioa aieiaino?, yeee aecia/a?oueny
a?aae??ioii oaiia?aoo?e. sseui a?aae??io oaiia?aoo?e a c?aceo
ia?aaeuo? aeiionoeio aaee/eio 6,6 %/ni, oi a?aeaoaa?oueny
ia??aiii??ia onaaeea, a iaoa??ae? noai?th?oueny ia’?iiiiai?oaeaiee
noai, aiane?aeie /iai aeieeathoue a?aie/i? iai?oaeaiiy c?ooaiiy ?
ooai?ththoueny o??ueie.

4. Aeno?oaoaaiiy o?noiaeo caaioiaie c ae??aeaeaeiaiai o?noa
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aaee/eiith e?eoe/iiai oeneo, ui aei??aith? ?e? =
0,3 IIa. I?ioean oi?ioaaiiy aeaeaooiiiae?aieo ae?ia?a aeno?oc??th
aeioe?eueii i?iaiaeeoe ?acii c ?icioooaaiiyi o?noiaeo nooa?ieo
oiae o aeeiai?/ieo oiiaao, ui aeeeth/a? ianooiio noaae?th
aenoithaaiiy, cia/ii ni?iuo? iaoeiii-aia?aoo?ia ioi?ieaiiy.

5. Aeey iaea?aeaiiy aenieiye?nii? aeia/aii? nooa?ii? oiaee
aecia/aii ia?aiao?e ?aoe?iiaeueiiai oaieiaiai ?aaeeio, ??ciiai
aeey aa?oiuei? oa ieaeiuei? iiaa?oiiue ae?iao: qi.e. = 100 ti.e. —
18,69 ln, qa.e. = 110 ta.e. — 19,92 ln. Oaeee oaieiaee ?aaeei aea?
iiaeeea?noue i?ia??aaoe i’yeooeo nooa?ii? oiaee c oaeaee?noth, yea
a?aeiia?aea? no?oeoo?ii-iaoai?/iei aeanoeainoyi o?noa, ui
ci?iththoueny a i?ioean? aei?eaiiy.

6. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeano aei?eaiiy nooa?ieo oiae o i?iieneiaeo
oiiaao aeaei ciiao aeyaeoe iniaeeaino? oaieiaiai ?aaeeio a
?iai/?e eaia?? ? ye?ni? iieacieee aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??. I?e
oeueiio anoaiiaeaii, ui iecueea a?aeiinia aieia?noue na?aaeiaeua
a ?iai/?e eaia??, aaeee? eiiaaeoeai? iioiee ia?iaaciaiai
na?aaeiaeua (iiiaae 5 i/n) ? oaiia?aoo?a eiai iiiaae 220 N
ni?eythoue cia/iiio ca?eueoaiith oi?eaiiy.

7. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ai?iaaaeaeaii a eiino?oeoe?th
aa?aaaoo aeey oi?ioaaiiy oa ?icioooaaiiy nooa?ii? oiaee,
onoaiiaeaiiai ia oe?aicaaiae? ?1 i. Iieoaae. Aeiiii?/iee aoaeo
a?ae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy noaiiaeoue 66990 a?i. ia ??e.

IA?AE?E ?IA?O, UI IIOAE?EIAAI? CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Aieea ia?aiao??a na?aaeiaeua iaea?nueei? eaia?e ia o?eaae?noue
aei?eaiiy // Aieiaea?neee I.A., Eaeaeo?a I.I., Oaee/eoi A.?., Ie?eiee
I.A. ?icaeoie ianiaiai oa?/oaaiiy, aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa ?
oo?ecio a oiiaao ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei: Ca. iaoeiaeo i?aoeue .-Ee?a:
EAeOAO. — 1996. -N. 67-70.

2. Eiaaeueia I.A., Ie?eiee I.A. I?ioean oaieiiai?io a
eiiaaeoeaieo oe?aiiaea?nueeeo ia/ao // Aeni?an-iiaeie: iaoea, oaoi?ea,
ae?iaieoeoai. — Ee?a: Oe??IOA?. -1999. ?7-8. — N.11-13.

3. Eiaaeueia I.A., Oaee/eoi A.?., Ie?eiee I.A. Oaieiiiaeeiaiiy a
i?ioean? aei?eaiiy oe?aa // Oa?/iaa ? ia?a?iaia i?iieneia?noue. — 1999.
— ?5 — 6. — N. 19.

4. Ie?eiee I.A., Oaee/eoi A.?., Eiaaeueia I.A. Oi?io?ii o?noia?
caaioiaee aac e?eueoeaaeo caaee?ie, ?aaii? ? eoneiiiae?aii? iiaa?oi? //
Ca?ii ? oe?a. –1999. — ? 3. – N. 26.

5. Iaoiae aeno?oc?? a oa?/ia?e i?iieneiaino? // Ie?eiee I.A.,
Eiaaeueia I.A., Oaee/eoi A.?., Ino?ianueeee A.I. Oaoi?ea AIE.
Iaoeiai-oaoi?/iee aeo?iae. – 1999. — ? 4. – N. 30.

6. Oiaeoaaiiy oe?aiaoei/ieo ae?ia?a // Oe?a?iaoeue A.?., Ie?eiee
I.A., Eiaaana A.I., Eiaaeueia I.A. I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee
a?niee. Oaoi?/i? iaoee. — 1998. -?83 (150). — N.52-56.

7. Iaoaio ?14534 Oe?a?ia, IE? A21Ae 8/06. Niin?a aei?eaiiy oe?aa
oa aoei/ieo ae?ia?a. / Ie?eiee I.A., Iao?aiei O.O., Eiaaeueia
I.A., Eioaiei A.A., Oaee/eoi A.?., Eaeaeo?a I.I., Aieiaea?nueeee
I.A.; Cayae. 29.03.95; Iioae. 09.01.97. — 8n.

8. Iioeiecaoeey i?ioeanna auia/ee nooa?iuo oiae a ia/ao n
eiiaaeoeaiui iaia?aaii // Ieaeiee I.A., Eiaaeaa A.A., Oaee/eoi A.E.,
Iaea?iaa AE.I., Aieiaea?neee A.A. Oace aeiiia. i?aeia?iae.
iaoeiai-i?aeo. eiio. «?icaeoie ianiaiai oa?/oaaiiy, aioaeueiiai
ainiiaea?noaa ? oo?ecio a oiiaao ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei». — Ee?a:
EAeOAO. -1994. — N.136.

9. Eaai?aoi?iay onoaiiaea aeey enneaaeiaaiey i?ioeannia,
i?ioaeathueo a eiiaaeoeaiuo ia/ao // Ieaeiee I.A., Aeieaee A.A.,
Ii?ooiia A.E., Eioaiei A.A., Naaa?ei A.E., Ethaeiia A.A. Oace
aeiiia. i?aeia?iae. iaoeiai-i?aeo. eiio. » ?icaeoie ianiaiai
oa?/oaaiiy, aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa ? oo?ecio a oiiaao ?eieiaeo
a?aeiinei». — Ee?a: EAeOAO. — 1994. — N. 142-143.

10. Ieaeiee I.A., Oaee/eoi A.E., Aieiaea?neee A.A. I aeeyiee
oaiia?aoou e nei?inoe oaieiiineoaey ia i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue
auia/ee // Oacenu aeiee. iaaeaeoia?. iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiio.
» Iio?aaeoaeueneay eiiia?aoeey a ia?aoiaeiue ia?eiae:
i?iaeaiu e ia?niaeoeau». — Iieoaaa: IEE. — 1995. — N. 61.

11. Ie?eiee I.A., Aa?aaeieoeueea TH.N., Oaee/eoi A.?. Iia?
niiniae aeno?oc?? ae??aeaeaeiaiai o?noa //Oacenu aeiee.
iaaeaeoia?iae. iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiio. «Iio?aaeoaeueneay
eiiia?aoeey a ia?aoiaeiue ia?eiae: i?iaeaiu e ia?niaeoeau».
Iieoaaa: IEE. — 1995. — N. 62.

AIIOAOe?ss

Ie?eiee I.A. Oaeineiiaeaiiy iniiaieo i?ioean?a ae?iaieoeoaa
ioaie/ieo nooa??a, noi?iiaaieo aeno?oc??th. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.18.12 — i?ioeane oa aia?aoe oa?/iaeo
ae?iaieoeoa. — Oe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao oa?/iaeo
oaoiieia?e I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi ?ic?iaeaiiy iiaiai niiniao
ae?iaieoeoaa nooa?ieo oiae c aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiaea aeno?oc?? i?e
oi?ioaaii? oa ?iciooaii? o?noiaeo caaioiaie, oa aea/aiiy e?iaoeee
oaieiaeo i?ioean?a, ui a?aeaoaathoueny i?ae /an aei?eaiiy
nooa?ii? oiaee ? noo?iiy nooa??a o eiiaaeoeaieo onoaiiaeao.

Aecia/aii ?aoe?iiaeuei? oiiae i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy nooa?ii? oiaee
iaoiaeii aeno?oc??, a oaeiae caeaaeiino? ci?ie aaiiao??? nooa?ii?
oiaee a?ae niinia?a oi?ioaaiiy.

Aeine?aeaeaii aieea oaeaeeino? ?ooo ? oaiia?aoo?e na?aaeiaeua
iaea?ii? eaia?e ia o?eaae?noue aei?eaiiy nooa?ii? oiaee.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ? ?ic?iaie io?eiaee ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a
i?iieneiaeo oiiaao i?e noai?aii? aa?aaaoo aeey oi?ioaaiiy ?
?icioooaaiiy nooa?ii? oiaee ia oe?aieiia?iao? ?1 i. Iieoaaa.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ioaie/i? nooa??, aeno?oc?y, oi?ioaaiiy, aei?eaiiy,
ye?noue, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy.

AIIIOAOeEss

Ieaeiee I.A. Niaa?oainoaiaaiea iniiaiuo i?ioeannia i?iecaiaenoaa
ioaie/iuo nooa?ae, noi?iiaaiiuo yeno?oceae. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/iuo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.18.12 — i?ioeannu e aiia?aou ieuaauo
i?iecaiaenoa — Oe?aeineee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao ieuaauo
oaoiieiaee Ieienoa?noaa ia?aciaaiey Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai ?ac?aaioee iiaiai niiniaa
i?iecaiaenoaa nooa?iuo oiae n eniieueciaaieai iaoiaea yeno?ocee
i?e oi?iiaea e ?annoieea oanoiauo caaioiaie, a oaeaea eco/aieth
eeiaoeee oaieiauo i?ioeannia, i?ienoiaeyueo i?e auia/ea nooa?iie
oiaeu e nooea nooa?ae a eiiaaeoeaiuo onoaiiaeao.

Iieo/aiu caaeneiinoe aeeyiey oaiia?aoo?u, nei?inoe n?aaeu iaea?iie
eaia?u e eioaineaiinoe oaieiiiaeaiaea ia i?ioeann auia/ee
nooa?iuo oiae e nooee nooa?ae, e caaeneiinoue ea/anoaaiiuo
iieacaoaeae auia/aiiuo nooa?iuo oiae e aunooaiiuo nooa?ae io
eioaineaiinoe oaieiiiaeaiaea.

Ii?aaeaeai ?aoeeiiaeueiue oaieiaie ?aaeei auia/ee nooa?iuo oiae e
iioeiaeueiua oneiaey i?ioeanna oi?iiaee nooa?iuo oiae iaoiaeii
yeno?ocee.

?ac?aaioai iiaue niinia i?iecaiaenoaa nooa?iuo oiae n
eniieueciaaieai iaoiaea yeno?ocee.

?acoeueoaou ?aaiou iai?aaeaiu ia niaa?oainoaiaaiea i?ioeanna
i?iecaiaenoaa nooa?ae, noi?iiaaiiuo yeno?oceae. Iiaue i?ioeann
i?iecaiaenoaa iaania/eaaao oeo/oaiea ea/anoaa ecaeaeee, yeiiiieth
iaoa?eaeueiuo cao?ao (ca n/ao nie?auaiey iai?oaeiaaiey aeey
a?iaeaiey oanoiauo caaioiaie). Nicaeaiiay eiiaaeoeaiay onoaiiaea
aeey auia/ee oanoiauo caaioiaie e nooee nooa?ae iicaieyao
eciaiyoue oaieiaua ?aaeeiu auia/ee e nooee, /oi iicaieeei
aua?aoue e iioeiece?iaaoue yoe i?ioeannu aeey iiauo aeaeia
nooa?iuo ecaeaeee, iieo/aiiuo yeno?oceae.

Yeno?oaee?iaaiea oanoiauo caaioiaie ec ae?iaeaeaaiai oanoa
oa?aeoa?ecoaony aaee/eiie e?eoe/aneiai aeaaeaiey, aaee/eia eioi?iai
ii?aaeaeaia a ?aaioa. I?ioeann oi?iiaaiey aeaooiia?aciuo ecaeaeee
oeaeaniia?acii i?iaiaeeoue niaianoii n ?ac?uoeaieai oanoiauo
nooa?iuo oiae a aeeiaie/iuo oneiaeyo, /oi eneeth/aao
iineaaeothuoth noaaeeth ?annoieee, cia/eoaeueii oi?iuaao
iaoeiii-aiia?aoo?iia ioi?ieaiea.

Aeey iieo/aiey aunieiea/anoaaiiie auia/aiiie nooa?iie oiaeu
ii?aaeaeaiu ia?aiao?u ?aoeeiiaeueiiai oaieiaiai ?aaeeia, ?acee/iiai
aeey aa?oiae e ieaeiae iiaa?oiinoe ecaeaeey. Ii?aaeaeaii iauaa
eiee/anoai oaieiou iiaeaaaeaiiia e nooa?iie oiaea ca a?aiy
auia/ee. Ii?aaeaeaiea ia?aiao?ia ?aoeeiiaeueiiai ?aaeeia
oaieiiiaeaiaea i?iaiaeeeinue n eniieueciaaieai iaoiaea
iaoaiaoe/aneiai ieaie?iaaiey enneaaeiaaiee n eniieueciaaieai YAI.

Ia?aaioeo ?acoeueoaoia i?iecaiaeeee iaoiaeii iaoaiaoe/aneie
noaoenoeee, ii?aaeaeyy aeinoiaa?iinoue eiee/anoaaiiuo oa?aeoa?enoee
?acoeueoaoia enneaaeiaaiee. Oa?aeoa? nayce iaaeaeo ioaeaeueiuie
ia?aiao?aie e eiee/anoaaiiia au?aaeaiea yoie nayce ii?aaeaeyee
ei??aeyoeeiiiie caaeneiinoueth.

Enneaaeiaaiea i?ioeanna auia/ee nooa?iuo oiae a i?iiuoeaiiuo
oneiaeyo iicaieeei auyaeoue iniaaiiinoue oaieiaiai ?aaeeia a
?aai/ae eaia?a, iaeaieaa oa?aeoa?iua ea/anoaaiiua iieacaoaee
aioiaie i?iaeoeoeee (iaaooaaiinoue, ie?oaeaiiinoue, i?aaiieaioe/aneea
e aeoniaua oa?aeoa?enoeee). I?e yoii onoaiiaeaii, /oi ieceay
ioiineoaeueiay aeaaeiinoue n?aaeu a ?aai/ae eaia?a e aieueoea
eiiaaeoeaiua iioiee i?eaiaeyo e nouanoaaiiiio oaaee/aieth oiaea.

Enneaaeiaaia nei?inoue iaaooaiey nooa?ae, iieo/aiiuo ?acee/iuie
niiniaaie. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi i?ioeann iaaooaiey nooa?ae
aui?anniaaiiuo iaoiaeii yeno?ocee cia/eoaeueii aieueoa, /ai o
noi?iiaaiiuo o?aaeeoeeiiiui niiniaii, /oi iieiaeeoaeueii
neacuaaaony ia aeoniauo ea/anoaao nooa?ae.

Ii?aaeaeai iaeneiaeueiue a?aaeeaio oaiia?aoo?u i?e nooea nooa?ae,
aaee/eia eioi?iai nouanoaaiii aeeyao ia aiaoiee aeae aioiauo
ecaeaeee (iaee/ea o?auei).

I?iaaaeaiiua enneaaeiaaiey iicaieeee iainiiaaoue ?aoeeiiaeueioth
eiino?oeoeeth aa?aaaoa aeey oi?iiaee nooa?iuo oiae. Oanoiaay
ianna aui?anniauaaaony ec oi?iothuae aieiaee a aeaea oiaeu
oeeeeiae?e/aneie oi?iu ia iiae eiiaaeoeaiie ooiiaeueiie ia/e.
Iaeiei ec oceeo iano oaeiai yeno?oaea?a yaeyaony iieo/aiea
?aaiiia?iie, aeaaeeie (aac oa?ioiaaoinoae, aac caaee?ia)
iiaa?oiinoe nooa?iie oiaeu. I?eiaiaiea ?acee/iuo oi?iothueo
iao?eoe (?aciuo iaoa?eaeia e ?acee/iie eiioeao?aoeee) iicaieeei
aeiaeoueny oi?ioae iiaa?oiinoe nooa?iie oiaeu.

?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee e ?ac?aaioie iieo/eee aiaae?aiea a
i?iiuoeaiiuo oneiaeyo i?e nicaeaiee aa?aaaoa aeey oi?iiaee e
a?iaeaiey nooa?iie oiaeu ia Iieoaaneii oeaaicaaiaea ?1.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ioaie/iua nooa?e, yeno?ocey, oi?iiaaiea, auia/ea,
nooea, ea/anoai, aiaae?aiea.

SUMMARY

Oliynik N.V. Improvement of the primary manufacturing for
extrusion-formed wheat rusks. — Manuscript.

Dissertation for candidate of technical science on a specialty 05.18.12
— Processes and apparatus of food industry.- Ukrainian State University
of Food Technologies of Ministries of forming an Ukraine, Kiev,
1999.

The thesis is devoted to issues of developing a new method for rusk bars
manufacturing by using extrusion in formation and dough half-finished
products and studying of heat processes kinetics which occur at the time
of rusk bar baking and rusk drying in convection plants.

The author studied the rational conditions for rusk bar formation by
extrusion and rusk bar geometry change dependencies of formation
techniques.

Also studied are the impact of movement velocity and ambient temperature
of baking chamber on rusk bar baking time.

The findings obtained from research and development were implemented in
industry at the time of making a unit for rusk bar formation at Poltava
Bread-Baking Plant No 1 .

Keywords: wheat rusks, extrusion, formation, baking, quality,
implementation.

Похожие записи