6

I?I?NOA?NOAI INA?OE OE?A?IE

IAOe?IIAEUeIA A??IE*A AEAAeAI?ss OE?A?IE

EO?AOIA Na?a?e Aieiaeeie?iae/

OAeE 622.34:65.011.12.003.1

OAeINEIIAEAIIss I?AAI?CAOe?? OAOIIEIA?*IEO I?IOeAN?A

ssE OAEOI?A IIE?IOAIIss AEIIII?*IEO IIEACIEE?A

A??IE*I-CAAAA*OAAEUeIIAI AE?IAIEOeOAA

Niaoe?aeuei?noue: 08.06.01 – “Aeiiii?ea i?aei?e?inoaa

? i?aai?caoe?y ae?iaieoeoaa”

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Aei?i?iiao?ianuee – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? i?eeeaaeii? aeiiii?ee Iaoe?iiaeueii?
a??ie/i? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

I?ieiiaiei Aaneeue ?aaiiae/,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e i?eeeaaeii? aeiiii?ee

Iaoe?iiaeueii? a??ie/i? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aaeooei Ieueaa Na?a??aia,

caa?aeoaa/ea eaoaae?e aeiiii?/iiai

aiae?co oa o?iain?a Iaoe?iiaeueii? a??ie/i? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

?iaoeue Ieeiea A?oeiiae/,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee a?aeae?eo

aeieia?/ieo iniia oaoiieia?e i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy

?inoeoooo i?iaeai i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy oa aeieia??

Iaoe?iiaeueii? aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: E?eai??cueeee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao

I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie,
eaoaae?a aeiiii?ee

i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa ? aoae?aieoeoaa (i. E?eaee ??a)

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 21 aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 14.00 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 08.080.03 ii caoenoo aeena?oaoe?e i?e
Iaoe?iiaeuei?e a??ie/?e aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 49027, i.
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee — 27, i?ini. E.Ia?ena,19.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueii?
a??ie/i? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 49027, i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee-27,
i?ini.E.Ia?ena,19.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 20 aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiae. oaoi. iaoe, aeioe. A.A.Oa?/aiei

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. A??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeuei? eiia?iaoe E?eaaano
a?ae?a?athoue aaaeeeao ?ieue a a??ie/iaeiaoai?e i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie.
Aiie aeioneathoue ui??/ii oiaa?ii? i?iaeoeoe?? ia noio 2140 iei a?i, ui
neeaaea? 65% caaaeueii? i?iaeoeoe?? ii eiioea?io “Oe??oaei?ii”, yeee
caaacia/o? cia/io /anoeio aaethoieo iaaeoiaeaeaiue aei ?anioae?ee. A
?acoeueoao? e?eciaiai noaio aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie ii eiioea?io a?aeaoany
niaae ae?iaieoeoaa ii a?aeiioaiith aei ??aiy 1990 ?. ?oaee ia 46,8,
eiioeaio?aoo – 51,1, aaeiia?aoo – 49,2, ieaoeo?a – 61,5%. Ia a?eueoino?
e?eai??cueeeo ACE?a ianyae oiaa?ii? i?iaeoeoe?? iaioa aeo?ao ia ??
ae?iaieoeoai oa ?aae?caoe?th.

I?iaeoeoe?y a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueieo eiia?iao?a oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
aenieith iaoa??aei?ii?noth. Aeiey iaoa??aeueieo aeo?ao a ?? nia?aa?oino?
neeaaea? 70%. Na?aae e?eai??cueeeo ACE?a o iaeaaae/iio noai?
ciaoiaeeoueny Oeaio?aeueiee ACE. Cieaeaiiy eiai ianyao ae?iaieoeoaa
a?aeaoeiny oaeaeoa – 6,8% ca ??e. Aeo?aoe ia 1 a?i. oiaa?ii? i?iaeoeoe??
o 1998 ?. neeaee 1,23 a?i. Ca?ia?oia ieaoa ii OeACEo neeaaea? 80% a?ae
na?aaeiueii?ny/ii? ca?ieaoe ii ACEai.

sse nia?aa?o?noue, oae ? ye?noue i?iaeoeoe?? ACE?a a cia/i?e i???
caeaaeaoue a?ae i?aai?caoe?? oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a aeaeiaooeo oa
ia?a?iaee ?oaee. Cae?eniaiiy i?ioean?a o ?aaeei? ?aoe?iiaeueieo
oaoiieia?/eo ia?aiao??a, ui aeinyaa?oueny i?aai?caoe?eieie ??oaiiyie,
aeicaiey? iie?aueoe aeiiii?/i? iieacieee ae?iaieoeoaa. Oiio
iaa?aeeeaaeiith caaea/ath nueiaiaeaiiy ? ?ic?iaea nenoaie iieaoe i?aoe?,
yea a ni?eyea oaeineiiaeaiith i?aai?caoe?? i?ioean?a o aca?iica’yceo c
nia?aa?o?noth oa ye?noth iaoaeo?a?eii? ne?iaeie.

A iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e e?oa?aoo?? iaaeinoaoiuei aeine?aeaeaii aieea
i?aai?caoe?? oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a ia ye?ni? iieacieee ?oaeiiioieo,
yeee iaaeoiaeeoue ia caaaa/oaaeueio oaa?eeo, ia ocaaaeueiaia ioe?iea
aca?iica’yce?a i?ae oeeie iieacieeaie oa aeo?aoaie ia i?ioeane. Aiae?c
ioae?eaoe?e oa ca?oieo aeaieo iieaco?, ui noeioethaaiiy i?aoe? ii
cieaeaiith aeo?ao ia ae?iaieoeoai ? i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? iaoaeo?a?eii?
ne?iaeie a ae?th/eo iieiaeaiiyo ii iieao? i?aoe? ia e?eai??cueeeo ACEao
aai ia canoiniaothoueny, aai cian?i a?aenooi?. Ia i?aenoaa?
aeuaaeeeaaeaiiai a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? noi?ioeueiaaia ? ae??oaia
aeooaeueia iaoeiaa caaea/a, yea iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? iaoeiaeo iniia oa
i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii oaeineiiaeaiith i?aai?caoe?? i?ioean?a
aeaeiaooeo ? ia?a?iaee ?oaee oeyoii aeoeaiiai noeioethaaiiy i?aoe?
?ia?oiee?a a??ie/eo oeao?a, ui caaacia/othoue eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue
i?iaeoeoe?? e?eai??cueeeo ACE?a.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeiiaia ia aac? oaiaoe/ieo ieai?a
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o Iaoe?iiaeueii? a??ie/i? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie a
aaeoc? i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? oa ?ano?nicaa?aaeaiiy i?e aeaeiaooeo
ei?enieo eiiaeei, ye? aoiaeyoue aei neeaaeo oe?eueiai? eiiieaenii?
aea?aeathaeaeaoii? i?ia?aie “Noai?aiiy aeiiii?/ieo iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy
iaoa??aeueieie, i?e?iaeieie oa o?iainiaeie ?ano?naie” (o. 011033 ? Ae?
0.196.U. 014.190).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy – caaacia/aiiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe??
a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueieo eiia?iao?a oeyoii cieaeaiiy ?? nia?aa?oino? oa
i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? ia iniia? onoaiiaeaieo aca?iica’yce?a i?ae
ia?aiao?aie oaoiieia?/ieo noai, ye?noth a?aeaaioaaeoaaii? ?oaee oa
aeiiii?/ieie iieacieeaie i?ioean?a ?? aeaeiaooeo ? ia?a?iaee. Aeey
aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? noi?ioeueiaai? ?
ae??oai? ianooii? iaoeia? caaea/?:

1.Nenoaiaoecoaaoe niiniae oi?ioaaiiy yeino? cae?cii? ?oaee a i?ioeanao
aeaeiaooeo ? ia?a?iaee oa onoaiiaeoe aieea i?aai?caoe?? i?ioean?a ia
iieacieee yeino? ?oaeiiioieo, yeee iaaeoiaeeoue ia caaaa/oaaeueio
oaa?eeo.

2.Aeaoe e?euee?nio ioe?ieo aeiiii?/iiai aoaeoo a?ae i?aeaeuaiiy yeino?
?oaeii? ne?iaeie oa noaa?e?caoe?? caaaa/oaaiiai ?oaeiiioieo ca
iiooaei?noth ? ai?noii cae?ca.

3.Aeeiiaoe iii?ioeaniee aiae?c aenieoaoaoe?eieo aeo?ao ia aeaeiaooie ?
ia?a?iaeo ne?i? ?oaee oa iaa?oiooaaoe oeyoe ?o cieaeaiiy.

4. ?ic?iaeoe i?iiiceoe?? ii noeioethaaiith i?aoe? c iaoith cieaeaiiy
nia?aa?oino? oa i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? i?iaeoeoe?? e?eai??cueeeo ACE?a ye
e?ioeaaeo ?acoeueoao?a, ui aecia/athoue ?? eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue.

I?aaeiao ? ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iaoai?ci aieeao i?aai?caoe?? oaoiieia?/ieo
i?ioean?a aeaeiaooeo ? ia?a?iaee ?oaee ia aeiiii?/i? iieacieee
a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiai? aeey
cae?ci?oaeieo eiia?iao?a Oe?a?ie, ?ic?aooiee ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? iaaaaeai?
noiniaii aei Oeaio?aeueiiai ACEo.

Iaoiaeieia?y aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oai?aoe/iith ? iaoiaeieia?/iith aacith
aeeiiaieo aeine?aeaeaiue ? ooiaeaiaioaeuei? iieiaeaiiy aeiiii?ee ?
i?aai?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa, eia?/ia iiaoaeiaa iaoeiaeo caaea/, iaoiaee
iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee, oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/iiai aiae?co oa aiae?oe/i?
iaoiaee.

Iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy, ye? caoeuathoueny a aeena?oaoe??:

1. Aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae oi?aae?iiy ye?noth ? noaa?e?caoe?? ianya?a
a?aeaaioaaeaiiy ?oaee, yea iaaeoiaeeoue ia caaaa/aiiy, oi?io?oueny ca
?aooiie oiai, ui ieoii? aeo?aoe ia i?ioeane aeaeiaooeo ? ia?a?iaee
cieaeothoueny (ia 10…20%) i?e i?aeaeuaii? aeoiaeo eiioeaio?aoo, a aeo?ae
eiioeaio?aoo ca?eueoo?oueny ?c ca?eueoaiiyi ai?noo iaaiaoeoiaiai cae?ca
a ?oae? oa ciaioaiiyi eiai eieeaaiue ? ianya?a a?aeaaioaaeaiiy ii
i?yiie?i?ei?e caeaaeiino?.

2. I?aai?caoe?y oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a aeaeiaooeo ? ia?a?iaee ?oaee ?
aecia/ath/ei oaeoi?ii oi?aae?iiy ia’?iaie ne?iaeie, ye? i?e eiao?oe??io?
aa??aoe?? 0,05…0,25 iaoiiaeththoue noaa?e?caoe?th ? ??aaiue ai?noo
cae?ca, a oaeiae iiooaei?noue ?oaeiiioieo, iaiao?aei? aeey aeioneo
caaeaiiai ianyao eiioeaio?aoo.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a

Iniiaiee iaoeiaee ?acoeueoao iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaee/iiai i?aeoiaeo
aei i?aai?caoe?? i?ioean?a aeaeiaooeo ? ia?a?iaee ?oaee a ?aaeei?
ia?aiao??a, ?aoe?iiaeueieo ii nia?aa?oino? oa yeino? i?iaeoeoe??
cae?ci?oaeieo ACE?a ia iniia? aeoeaiiai noeioethaaiiy i?aoe? ?ia?oiee?a
a??ie/eo oeao?a. A naia:

1. Neeaaeaia iiaa no?oeoo?ia noaia aca?iica’yce?a i?ae oaoiieia?/ieie
i?ioeanaie oa aeiiii?/ieie iieacieeaie a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa. Aeei?enoaiiy aca?iica’yce?a aeicaiey? i?aeaeueoe o
oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? ye?noue ?oaeiiioieo, eiai ona?aaeiaiiy ?
noaa?e?caoe?th ianya?a a?aeaaioaaeaiiy.

2. Oia?oa i?iaaaeaia ?iaeea?aeoaeueia aenia?oeca oaeoi??a, ye?
aieeaathoue ia aeiiii?/i? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueiiai
i?aei?e?inoaa. Onoaiiaeaii, ui iaiao?aei? ci?ie a nenoai? iioeaaoe??
i?aoe? (54% /enea iieoaieo), a oaeiae aeiiii?? iaoa??aeueieo ?ano?n?a
(69%), eio?a aeicaieeoue cieceoe nia?aa?o?noue i?iaeoeoe?? ia 10…15%
(85%).

3. Aeey Oeaio?aeueiiai ACEo onoaiiaeai? noaoenoe/i? caeaaeiino?
i?ny/ieo iieaciee?a caaaa/aiiy a?ae iaaiaoeoiaiai iiaeoey. Iaea?eueoa
iiaeoeue aieeaa? ia aeoya cae?ca oa aeo?ae eiioeaio?aoo (R2 =0,34 ?
0,53 a?aeiia?aeii); ia nia?aa?o?noue eiioeaio?aoo — ai?no iaaiaoeoo o
aeo?aei?e ?oae? ? ia’?i ae?iaieoeoaa (R2 = 0,36). Aecia/ai?
aca?iica’ycee, ye? iieacothoue oeyoe iie?auaiiy aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a
a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

4.C?iaeaii aiae?oe/iee iien aeiiii?/iiai aoaeoo a?ae cieaeaiiy
eieeaaiue ? yeino? ?oaee, a oaeiae i?aeaeuaiiy ai?noo cae?ca a ?oae?, ui
iaaeoiaeeoue ia caaaa/oaaeueio oaa?eeo, yeee a?ae??ciy?oueny oei , ui
nia?aa?o?noue aeaeiaooeo ?oaee ? ae?iaieoeoaa eiioeaio?aoo ae?aaeaia a
caeaaeiino? a?ae aeoyao cae?ca, caaeaiiai ye?noth ?oaee, eieeaaiiyi
ia’?i?a a?aeaaioaaeaiiy ? yeino?.

5. Oia?oa ia iniia? ooieoe?? aaccaeoeiaino? aeine?aeaeaii aieea
aaee/eie oiiaeo iieaoe i?aoe? ia ?aoe?iiaeuei? ia’?ie ae?iaieoeoaa.
“Caii?iaeoaaiiy” ca?ieaoe o ii??aiyii? c? ci?iith ?? i?iii?oe?eii ianyao
ae?iaieoeoaa a oiiaao OeACEo aeicaiey? cieceoe i?i?iaeueiee ianya
ae?iaieoeoaa ia 8%.

6. Oia?oa aeeiiaii aiae?c i?ai?aeueieo aeiieao ?OI ? ?ia?oiee?a o
aca?iica’yceo c aeiiii?/iieie ?acoeueoaoaie ?iaioe ca i?nyoeue.
?ic?iaeaii noeoiiee aiae?c noaoenoe/ieo aeaieo ii yeino?, aa?oino?
eiioeaio?aoo, ianyao eiai aeioneo oa ca?ia?oii? ieaoe, yeee aeicaiey?
ioe?ieoe ?ieue inoaiiuei? a iioeaaoe?? i?aoe? aeey iie?auaiiy oeeo
iieaciee?a.

7. Cai?iiiiiaaia aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue oiiaeo iieaoe i?aoe? a
a??ie/eo oeaoao cae?ci?oaeieo ACE?a c o?aooaaiiyi i?ai?? ca aeeiiaiiy
aaciaeo iieaciee?a, yea a?ae??ciy?oueny oei, ui ?ici?? i?ai??
onoaiiaeth?oueny ii ia?a?iaeai a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa a
caeaaeiino? a?ae nia?aa?oino? ? yeino? a?aeaaioaaeoaaii? ?oaee, eiai
eieeaaiiy ? ianya?a a?aeaaioaaeaiiy..

Iaoeiaa cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a aeiiii?/i?e ioe?ioe?
aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy ye?noth ?oaeiiioieo, yeee iaaeoiaeeoue ia
caaaa/oaaeueio oaa?eeo, a oaeiae oai?aoe/i?e ?ic?iaoe? iniiaieo
iieiaeaiue iieaoe i?aoe? a??ie/eo ?ia?oiee?a c aeoeaiei noeioethaaiiyi
i?aeaeuaiiy eiieo?aioini?i- iiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe??.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe:

1. Neeaaeaia aieaoa aenia?oiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oaeoi??a, ye?
aieeaathoue ia nia?aa?o?noue ? ye?noue i?iaeoeoe??
a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueieo eiia?iao?a.

2. O nenoaiaoeciaaiiio aeaeyae? ii i?ioeanai a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa i?aaenoaaeai? oaoiieia?/i? oa i?aai?caoe?ei? ??oaiiy aeey
oi?aae?iiy ye?noth ?oaeii? ne?iaeie. Iniiai? ci?ie a eieeaaii? yeino?
a?aeaoaathoueny o i?ioeanao aeaooiaiai iiae??aiaiiy, aeneaaaoe?? oa
o?ainii?ooaaiiy (45…50%), a oaeiae ona?aaeiaiiy (30…35%).

3. Ia aac? i?ny/ieo aeaieo OeACEo onoaiiaeai? noaoenoe/i? caeaaeiino?
nia?aa?oino? oa yeino? eiioeaio?aoo a?ae yeino? aeo?aeii? ?oaee, ??
eieeaaiue ? ianya?a a?aeaaioaaeaiiy. Oe? caeaaeiino? iieacothoue
iai?yiee i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? oa cieaeaiiy iaoa??aei?ieino? i?iaeoeoe??
eiia?iaoo, ye? o?aaa noeioethaaoe a nenoai? iieaoe i?aoe?.

4. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo aeiiii?/iiai aoaeoo oeyoii cieaeaiiy
nia?aa?oino? oa eieeaaiue yeino? ? ianya?a a?aeaaioaaeaiiy ?oaee ia
caaaa/oaaeueio oaa?eeo. Aecia/aia aeiiii?y aenieoaoaoe?eieo aeo?ao a
oiiaao OeACEo i?e noaa?e?caoe?? yeino? ?oaee a ??ciiio ae?aiacii?.
60…70% aeiiii?? iia’ycaii c i?aeaeuaiiyi ai?noo iaaiaoeoo a ?oae? i?e
?? aeaeiaooeo.

5. C?iaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii iieao? i?aoe? ia?niiaeo a??ie/eo oeao?a,
ye? ii?aeiothoue eiai iioeaaoe?th ? i?aai?caoe?th oaoiieia?/ieo
i?ioean?a c o?aooaaiiyi yeino? oa nia?aa?oino? ?oaeii? ne?iaeie.
Iaa?oioiaaii ioe?ii/i? iieacieee iioeaaoe?? i?aoe? ii an?i ia?a?iaeai
a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa, ui a?aeia?aaeathoue
caoe?eaaeai?noue ye i?aoe?aiee?a, oae ? i?aei?e?inoaa o oe?eiio.
?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea oi?ioaaiiy oiiaeo iieaoe i?aoe? a a??ie/eo oeaoao
cae?ci?oaeieo ACE?a.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? o oi?ioethaaii? iaoe ? iaoeiaeo
caaea/, ?aea? ?iaioe, ?ic?iaoe? iaoiae?a ? i?iaaaeaii?
aiae?oe/ieo,noaoenoe/ieo oa aenia?oieo aeine?aeaeaiue, a ia?iaoe? ?
ocaaaeueiaii? io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a, a oaeiae o/ano? a oi?iaaaeaeaii?
oeeo ?acoeueoao?a o i?iaeoao ? ia ae?iaieoeoa?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue noaaeai? ia oaoi?/ieo ia?aaeao eiioea?io
“Oe??oaei?ii”, ?inoeoooo “E?eaaani?iaeo”, I?ai?/iiai oa Oeaio?aeueiiai
ACE?a. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeeny ia
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo “Iaiaaeaeiaio a aeiiii?oe? ia?ao?aeiiai
ia??iaeo” (Aeiiaoeuee, 1997), “Aeieiai-aeiiii?/i? i?iaeaie ?ica?aeee,
?ic?iaee oa caaaa/aiiy ei?enieo eiiaeei Oe?a?ie” (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee,
1997), “Oi?aae?iiy o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie: i?iaeaie ? ia?niaeoeae
?icaeoeo”(Oiaeueieoeueeee,1997), ”I?iaeaie eiiieaeniiai inai?iiy iaae?”
(Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998), “I?iaeaie oa ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo aeiiii?ee
Oe?a?ie a oiiaao ?eieiai? o?ainoi?iaoe??” (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1999),
can?aeaii? eaoaae?e i?eeeaaeii? aeiiii?ee IAA Oe?a?ie (1998, 1999 ??.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe iioae?eiaai? o 10
iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo (noaoo?, aeaiiiiaaia ?iaioa, oacene aeiiia?ae?).

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, 4
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ?c 84 iaeiaioaaiue,
aeaio aeiaeaoe?a; ai?uo? 179 noi??iie ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo, o oiio /ene?
42 ?enoiea ia 25 noi??ieao, 20 oaaeeoeue, aeiaeaoee ia 15 noi??ieao.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Ia?oee ?icae?e. A ?acoeueoao? iaeyaeo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo ?ia?o
onoaiiaeaii, ui aeiiii?/i? iieacieee a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa a cia/i?e i??? caeaaeaoue a?ae i?aai?caoe?? i?ioean?a
aeaeiaooeo ? ia?a?iaee ?oaee a ?aaeei? ?aoe?iiaeueieo ia?aiao??a ii
caaacia/aiith yeino? ?oaeii? ne?iaeie, yea iaaeoiaeeoue ia
caaaa/oaaeueio oaa?eeo. O a?eueoino? aeine?aeaeaiue iaaiaeyoueny ??oaiiy
i?aai?caoe?eieo ? aeiiii?/ieo caaea/ aai ia ??ai? ea?’??o, aai o oe?eiio
aeey a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueiiai eiiieaeno. Iii?ioeaniee aiae?c yeino?
?oaeii? ne?iaeie ? aeo?ao ia i?iaeoeoe?th, yeee ?ice?eaa? iiaeeeaino?
iie?auaiiy ?? ioe?ii/ieo iieaciee?a, ia? aeinoaoith iaoeiao ? i?aeoe/io
?ic?iaeo. Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? ne?iaeie ? ??
noaa?e?caoe?? i?aai?caoe?eieie iaoiaeaie iaa?oioiaaia iaaeinoaoiuei.
Iaei ?icaeyioo? noeioethth/? oaeoi?e, ui caaacia/othoue iiaaoaiiy
eieeaaiue ianya?a aeaeiaooeo ?oaee ? i?aeaeuaiiy ?? yeino?.Aeeiiaia
aenia?oeca oaeoi??a, aecia/ath/eo aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue ?iaioe
a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa.

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? ioe?iai? oiiae ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueei?
ae?yeueiino? e?eai??cueeeo ACE?a ia no/aniiio aoai?. A 1996, 1997 ??. ii
eiioea?io “Oe??oaei?ii” a?aeaoany niaae aeioneo i?iaeoeoe??. O
ii??aiyii? c 1995 ?. ae?iaieoeoai ?oaee cieceeiny ia 6,8% ? neeaei 470
iei o, eiioeaio?aoo – ia 9,8% (35 iei o), aaeiia?aoo – ia 21,1% (5,3 iei
o), ieaoeo?a – ia 22,1% (13 iei o). Aeo?aoe ia 1 a?i oiaa?ii?
i?iaeoeoe?? a na?aaeiueiio ii ACEai E?eaaano -1,03 a?i.

?en.1- Noaia oi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?/ieo ?acoeueoao?a cae?ci?oaeieo ACE?a

O?eueee ia ?iACE? oa I?aaeACE? ?acoeueoaoii ainiiaea?nueei?
ae?yeueiino? aoa i?eaooie (i?eaooeia?noue 6,2 ? 4,5% a?aeiia?aeii). O
no?oeoo?? aeo?ao ia oiaa?io i?iaeoeoe?th aeo?aoe ia iaoa??aee, ne?iaeio
oa aeaeo?iaia?a?th neeaee 70…75%.

Na?aae i?aei?e?inoa eiioea?io a iaeaaae/iio noai? ciaoiaeeany
Oeaio?aeueiee ACE. Ooo cieaeaiiy ianyao ae?iaieoeoaa a?aeaoeiny oaeaeoa,
i?ae ia ?ioeo ACEao, – 29,8%, a o na?aaeiueiio ii ACEai – 9,5%. A?eueoa
/anoeia eiioeaio?aoo, ui ?aae?co?oueny, (iiiaae 70%) iai?aaey?oueny ia
aenii?o. Aeo?aoe ia 1 a?i oiaa?ii? i?iaeoeoe?? neeaee 1,3 a?i. ??/iee
ae?ia?oie aoa iaeieae/ee na?aae ?ioeo ACE?a E?eaaano – 24,5 oen.
a?i//ie., ui ieae/a na?aaeiueiai ii aanaeio ia 32,6%.

Ii i?ioeanai a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa nenoaiaoeciaai?
oaoiieia?/i? oa i?aai?caoe?ei? ??oaiiy, ye? aeicaieythoue i?aeaeuoaaoe
o oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? ye?noue ?oaeiiioieo, eiai ona?aaeiaiiy ?
noaa?e?caoe?th ianya?a a?aeaaioaaeaiiy. Iniiai? ci?ie a eieeaaii? yeino?
?oaeii? ne?iaeie a?aeaoaathoueny a i?ioeanao aeaooiaiai ae?iaeaiiy,
aeneaaaoe?? ? o?ainii?ooaaiiy (45…50%), a oaeiae ona?aaeiaiiy (30…35%).

I?aai?caoe?y i?ioean?a aeaeiaooeo ? ia?a?iaee ?oaee a ?aaeei? oeo /e
?ioeo oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a aecia/a?, c iaeiiai aieo, aeo?aoe ia
ae?iaieoeoai i?iaeoeoe??, c ae?oaiai, ?? ye?noue, a ioaea, oe?io
(?en.1). Oe? iieacieee iaoiiaeai? ?ioeie aeiiii?/ieie iieacieeaie
(oaeeie ye aia?ai?ie?noue, iaoa??aei?ie?noue ? o.i.). Aiie, a
iniiaiiio, oi?iothoue eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue i?iaeoeoe?? oa
?iaanoeoe?eio i?eaaaeea?noue i?aei?e?inoaa. Oiio ye?noue ? nia?aa?o?noue
i?iaeoeoe?? i?eeiyo? o nenoai? iieaoe i?aoe? ye noeioethth/? oaeoi?e
i?aeaeuaiiy aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueiiai
aae?iaieoeoaa ia iniia? iaoa??aeueii? caoe?eaaeaiino? i?aoe?aiee?a.

Aeey noaa?eueii? ?iaioe oeao?a i?ae nia?aa?o?noth i?iaeoeoe?? oa
ianyaii ?? ae?iaieoeoaa onoaiiaeaia o?nia ei?aeyoe?eia caeaaei?noue (a
oiiaao I?aiACEo aeey eiioeaio?aoo ia ?CO-1- R2 = 0,355, ieaoeo?a ia
OIE-2 – 0,71), ui iieaco? iiaeeea?noue cieaeaiiy nia?aa?oino?
i?iaeoeoe?? ACE?a ca ?aooiie noaa?e?caoe?? ? i?aeaeuaiiy ianya?a
ae?iaieoeoaa. Ca ?aooiie i?aeaeuaiiy ? noaa?e?caoe?? ai?noo iaaiaoeoo a
aeo?aei?e ?oae?, noaa?e?caoe?? ianya?a ?? a?aeaaioaaeaiiy ia caaaa/aiiy
a?aeiinii na?aaeiueiai ??aiy nia?aa?o?noue ae?iaieoeoaa ?oaee iiaea aooe
cieaeaia ia 10…15, eiioeaio?aoo – 15…20%.

Aecia/aii aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae i?aai?caoe?? oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a
aeaeiaooeo ? ia?a?iaee ?oaee a ?aaeei? ia?aiao??a, ?aoe?iiaeueieo ii
yeino? oa ??aiii??iino? caaaa/oaaiiai ?oaeiiioieo. Ca ?aooiie onoiaiiy
eieeaaiue i?iaeoeoeaiino? ae?iaeeueii? oa caaaa/oaaeueii? oaa?ee
aeiiii?y ii oiiaii-iino?eiei aeo?aoai

YQ = Ne ( 1 – Qi.o/Qae.o) OnN ?nn,
a?i/i?n,

aea Ne – noia?i? oiiaii-iino?ei? aeo?aoe ii ae?iaeeueii-caaaa/oaaeueiiio

eiiieaeno, a?i/a;Qi.o, Qae.o – na?aaeiueiaiaeeiia i?iaeoeoeai?noue
a?aeiia?aeii caaaa/oaaeueii? oa ae?iaeeueii? oaa?ee, o;On ,nn –
o?eaae?noue ?iai/i? ci?ie, a, oa ?o /enei ia aeiao; N? – /enei ?iai/eo
aei?a ca i?nyoeue.

Aeiiii?y aenieoaoaoe?eieo aeo?ao ca ?aooiie i?aeaeuaiiy ai?noo cae?ca o
aeo?aei?e ?oae?

Ya= ( Q?.max- Q ?.min) (C? + Cae), a?i/i?n,

aea Qp.max, Qp.min – iaiao?aeiee ia’?i ?oaee aeey ae?iaieoeoaa Qe
eiioeaio?aoo i?e aeoyaiaii? Ae iaoaeo a?aeiia?aeii i?e eiai
i?i?iaeueiiio ? iaeneiaeueiiio ai?no? a o aeo?aei?e ?oae?, o/i?n;

Q? = Qe/(aAe/b);

b — ai?no iaoaeo a eiioeaio?ao?; C?, Cae — aeo?aoe a?aeiia?aeii ia
aeaeiaooie ?oaee, aeeth/ath/e iiaaoaiiy ?ice?eao oa ?? ae?iaeaiiy,
a?i/o.

C i?aeaeuaiiyi ai?noo iaaiaoeoiaiai cae?ca o ?oae? cieaeothoueny
aeo?aoe, aaciina?aaeiuei iia’cai? c i?ioeanii caaaa/aiiy. O oeueiio
aeiaaeeo aeiiii?y aenieoaoaoe?eieo aeo?ao

Yi = [Ce(Fei.min) – Ne(Fei.max)] Qi.o, a?i/i?n,

aea Ne(Fei.min), Ne(Fei.max) — nia?aa?o?noue ae?iaieoeoaa eiioeaio?aoo
c ?oaee a?aeiia?aeii iiieaeaii? oa i?aeaeuaii? yeino? ii aeo?aoai ia
i?ioean caaaa/aiiy, a?i/o; Qi.o- i?iaeoeoeai?noue oaa?eee ii aeioneo
eiioeaio?aoo, o/i?n.

Aiane?aeie cieaeaiiy eieeaaiue yeino? ?oaee ca?eueoo?oueny aeo?ae
eiioeaio?aoo, ioaea cieaeothoueny aeo?aoe ?oaee. Aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae
noaa?e?caoe?? yeino? ae?iaeaii? ?oaee ca aeo?aoaie ia ?? aeaeiaooie oa
ae?iaeaiiy

Yd = ( Qd.max – Qd..min ) (C? + Cae ), a?i/i?n,

aea Qd.max , Qd. min — aeo?aoe ?oaee ia ae?iaieoeoai Qe eiioeaio?aoo
i?e aeoyaiaii? iaoaeo a?aeiia?aeii iaea?eueoei ? iaeiaioei eieeaaiiyi
yeino? ?oaee, o/i?n;

Qd = Qe/ ( aiAe(d) /b );

ai – na?aaei?e ai?no iaaiaoeoiaiai cae?ca a ?oae?; Ae(d) – aeoya iaoaeo
a caeaaeiino? a?ae na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/iiai a?aeoeeaiiy d yeino?
aeo?aeii? ?oaee.

Oae naii aecia/a?oueny aeiiii?/iee aoaeo Ys, yeee noai?th?oueny i?e

cieaeaii? eieeaaiue yeino? ?oaee a i?ioean? ?? caaaa/aiiy. Ei?aeyoe?eia
caeaaei?noue nia?aa?oino? Ne a?ae aeoyao Ae iieno?oueny ae?acii,
iaaaaeaiei ia ?en.2. Caaaeueiee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae
i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? ?oaee, noaa?e?caoe?? ianya?a ?? a?aeaaioaaeaiiy ?
yeino?

Y = YQ + Ya + Yo+Yd + Ys , a?i/i?n.

Aeeiiaia ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? ?oaeii? ne?iaeie, a
oaeiae noaa?e?caoe?? ye?nieo iieaciee?a ?oaeiiioieo, ui iaaeoiaeeoue ia
caaaa/oaaeueio oaa?eeo. Aeey i?iaeoeoeaiino? 300 oen.o eiioeaio?aoo a
i?nyoeue noia?iee aoaeo neeaa 2,48 iei a?i/i?n, i?e/iio 60…70% oe???
noie iia’ycaii c i?aeaeuaiiyi ai?noo iaaiaoeoiaiai cae?ca a i?ioean?
aeaeiaoaieo ?ia?o.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? aeine?aeaeothoueny oaeoi?e, ye? aecia/athoue
??aaiue nia?aa?oino? i?iaeoeoe?? e?eai??cueeeo ACE?a. Aiae?c no?oeoo?e
nia?aa?oino? (oaae.1) iieaco?, ui iaea?eueoo /anoeio neeaaeathoue
“Iaoa??aeuei? aeo?aoe” (a?ae 67,8 ia ?iACE? aei 76,2% — OeACE?). Aeo?aoe
ia a?aeoai?aiiy iniiaieo oiiae?a ? iieaoo i?aoe? neeaaeathoue a?ae 3,0
(I?aaeACE) aei 5,3 (OeACE) ? a?ae 6,5 (OeACE) aei 11,6% (IACE)
a?aeiia?aeii.

wmetafile8? ??

?en. 2 — A?ao?ee caeaaeiino? nia?aa?oino? eiioeaio?aoo a?ae aeoyao
cae?ca: 1,2-a?aeiia?aeii oai?aoe/ia ? aii??e/ia e?i?? ?aa?an??

Ae?iaie/a ae?yeuei?noue OeACEo a?aecia/a?oueny aenieith a?eoi?/i?noth.
I?ny/iee ianya ia?a?iaee ?oaee eieeaa?oueny a ae?aiacii? 700…1100 oen.
o, eiioeaio?aoo – 240…375 oen. o. I?e oeueiio ci?ith?oueny ai?no
iaaiaoeoiaiai cae?ca a aeo?aei?e ?oae? a?ae 20,7 aei 23,6%. Aeoaea
eieeaa?oueny aeo?ae eiioeaio?aoo (28,4…33,6%) ? aeoya cae?ca
(56,0…65,4%).Ianoaa?euei? ia?aiao?e ?oaeiiioieo ia aoiae? i?ioeano
caaaa/aiiy i?aeaeuothoue nia?aa?o?noue ?oaee (a?ae 6,1 aei 9,3 a?i/o) ?
eiioeaio?aoo (a?ae 41,7 aei 62,8 a?i/o). sse iieaco? i?aeoeea ?iaioe,
oeyoii i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? ?oaeii? ne?iaeie, noaa?e?caoe?? ai?noo cae?ca
a ?oae? oa ianya?a ?? aeaeiaooeo nia?aa?o?noue ?oaee iiaea aooe cieaeaia
ia 9, eiioeaio?aoo – 12%.

I?aoe?aieeaie OeACEo, o oiio /ene? aaoi?ii aeena?oaoe??, cai?iiiiiaaia
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y ae?iaieoeoaa ia iniia? cieaeaiiy ianya?a aeioneo
aia?ai?ieeo ? iaoa??aei?ieeo ieaoeo?a. Aea?eueiai? eiooe ni?yiiaai? ia
aeiaeaoeiaee aeione 3,5 iei o eiioeaio?aoo. Ieaoeo? aeaioiaeythoueny ia
iia?e iaiaethaaeuei?e iaoei? IE-324. Ieoii? aeo?aoe aaco nei?ioeeeny a 3
?ace, aeaeo?iaia?a?? – ia 45%, ciaioeeeny aeo?aoe ia ci?iia onoaoeoaaiiy
oa iioi/iee ?aiiio. Nia?aa?o?noue aeioneo ieaoeo?a cieceeanue ia 15,5
a?i/o. Ci?ia no?oeoo?e i?iaeoeoe?? aeicaiey? ca?eueoaiiy aenii?oieo
iinoaaie oiaa?iiai eiioeai?aoo.

wmetafile8? ??O?? ?5???????? ???????yyy????????????
Y@???

????’yy??? ???????

????yyy???? ???????u????????????-?????ue??yyy??????-????
yyy???????????????????¦A???????u?????????????-????
ue??yyy??????-????’yy??? ???????

????-????-???????????? yyy????-????-????’yy???
???????

????-????-???????????? yyy????uoy??????1/4???I??? Arial
Cyr?SW???-????uiy??????1/4???I??? Arial
Cyr?§Y???-????-????-????-????-????-????-????-??
??uoy??????

?en. 3 — No?oeoo?a nia?aa?oino? aeaeiaooeo ?oaee ia OeACE

Ii?yae c ai?noii cae?ca caaaeueiiai ? iaaiaoeoo aeiiii?/i? iieacieee
cai?iiiiiaaii ?icaeyaeaoe o caeaaeiino? a?ae iaaiaoeoiaiai iiaeoey, yeee
aea? iiaeeea?noue oe?oa oi?aaeyoe ye?noth ?oaeiiioieo, ine?eueee ye?noue
aoaea ?aaoethaaoeny iaeii/anii aeaiia oaoiieia?/ieie ia?aiao?aie.

Oaaeeoey 1

No?oeoo?a aeo?ao ia i?iaeoeoe?th e?eai??cueeeo ACE?a (1997
?.), %

I?aei?e?inoaa

Iaoa??aeue- i? aeo?aoeAii?oe- caoe?yIieaoa i?aoe?A?ae?aooaaiiy ia
nioeno?ao?io? aeo?aoe OeACE76,25,36,53,28,8
I?aaeACE72,43,06,93,714,0 ?iACE67,84,07,23,817,2
I?aiACE73,44,36,93,511,9 IACE68,84,511,65,99,2

Iieaoa i?aoe? ?ia?oiee?a cae?enith?oueny ca i?ny/ieie ?acoeueoaoaie
?iaioe, ye? caeaaeaoue a?ae yeino? ?oaeiiioieo, ia?a?iaey?iiai i?ioyaii
i?nyoey. Oiio aeey iaa?oiooaaiiy aeiaeaoeiaiai caioi/aiiy i?aoe?aiee?a,
ye? i?aai?ciaothoue ? aeeiiothoue i?ioeane aeaeiaooeo oa ia?a?iaee
?oaee, onoaiiaeai? caeaaeiino? aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a
a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa a?ae yeino? ?oaee ii ca?oiei
i?ny/iei aeaiei.

sse iieacothoue ei?aeyoe?ei? ??aiyiiy, aeo?ae ? ye?noue eiioeaio?aoo
ciaoiaeyoueny a i?yiie?i?ei?e caeaaeiino? a?ae ai?noo caaaeueiiai cae?ca
oa ia?aaie?/i?e – a?ae ai?noo iaaiaoeoo a aeo?aei?e ?oae?. Oe? iieacieee
caaaa/aiiy iaeo?ni?oa caeaaeaoue a?ae iaaiaoeoiaiai iiaeoey (oaae.2).

Oaaeeoey 2

Eiao?oe??io aeaoa?i?iaoe?? R2 ei?aeyoe?eieo ??aiyiue

Iieacieee eiioeaio?aooIa?ai?iiee ia?aiao? ai?no
caaaeue-

iiai cae?caai?no iaa- iaoeoo iaaiaoeoi- aee iiaeoeueia’?i ae-
?iaieoeoaa Aeo?ae0,480,640,53 sse?noue0,140,220,11
Nia?aa?o?noue0,390,360,210,36

O caaaeueiiio aeiaaeeo iiaeia i?eeiyoe i?yiie?i?eio caeaaei?noue
nia?aa?oino? eiioeaio?aoo a?ae ye?nieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeo?aeii? ?oaee
(?en.2).

A?aoiaoth/e niaoeeo?eo a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa aeey
aiae?co aeo?ao canoiniaaii iii?ioeaniee iaoiae eaeueeoethaaiiy. Ia
Oeaio?aeueiiio ACE? aeo?aoe, iia’ycai? c ia?aaacaiiyi ?oaee, iiaaoaiiyi
a??ie/i-i?aeaioia/eo ?ia?o, oo?eiaiiyi iniiaieo oiiae?a, ia iaoa??aee,
caaaeueii?oaeie/i? aeo?aoe a nia?aa?oino? aeaeiaooeo iathoue iaea?eueoo
ieoiio aaao (?en.3). Ne?iaeia ? iai?aoaa?eeaoe, iioi/iee ?aiiio, aia?a?y
aeeeeeathoue iniiai? aeo?aoe ia ae?iaeaiiy ?oaee oa ?? caaaa/aiiy (95 ?
75% a?aeiia?aeii nia?aa?oino?). Caoiaee ii cieaeaiith nia?aa?oino?
i?iaeoeoe?? iiaeii? aooe iai?aaeai? ia?aae on?i ia noaoo? aeo?ao aeey
aeaeiaoaieo ?ia?o.

I?ioean aeaeiaooeo ? iaeo?oaei?ie?oei (iieaoa i?aoe? neeaaea? 24%
nia?aa?oino? aeaeiaooeo), ae?iaeaiiy – iaoa??aei?ieei (aeo?aoe ia
ne?iaeio oa iai?aoaa?eeaoe 89% nia?aa?oino? ae?iaeaiiy), caaaa/aiiy ?
ieoneoaaiiy – aia?ai?ieei (49 ? 37% nia?aa?oino? ia?a?iaee
a?aeiia?aeii).

Ia OeACE? ca o/anoth aaoi?a cai?iiiiiaaia aaoiiaoeciaaia nenoaia
eiio?ieth ? oi?aae?iiy ?iciiae?eii ? aeei?enoaiiyi aia?ai?ano?n?a o
?aaeei? aia?aiiinoa/aiiy. Ia?aaeaa/aia iieaoa aeei?enoaii?
aeaeo?iaia?a?? ca oa?eoii, aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiei ii ciiai ae?a, ui
aeicaiey? io?eiaoe aeiiii?th aenieoaoaoe?eieo aeo?ao o noi? 3,2 iei a?i
ca ??e. Oey nenoaia ca i?iiiceoe??th aaoi?a oi?iaaaeaeaia ia
E?eai??cueeiio Oe?C. Aeiiii?y neeaea 960 oen.a?i. Aeeiiai?
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieythoue noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui aoaeo “ianooaaiino?” o
ae?iaieoeoa? cae?ci?oaeieo ieaoeo?a ia? cia/iee aieea (nia?aa?o?noue
cieaeo?oueny aei 20%).

O aeo?aoe ia ae?iaieoeoai aoiaeyoue aeo?aoe ia aaiiye ? aaioii?o o
noi?, ??ai?e 7% an?o aeo?ao ii noaoo? “Ne?iaeia ? iniiai? iaoa??aee”.
Aaoi?ii iaa?oioiaaia aeiiii?/ia aeioe?euei?noue aeei?enoaiiy
aaioii?oiaeo aeei, ui a?aeaaioaaeothoueny c ea?’??o ?4 ye ?ice?ea, ia
oaa?eoe? ieoneoaaiiy OeACEo cai?noue oaeeo naieo aeei, io?eioaaieo c
I?aeaeii?e?aecaanueeiai ACEo. A ?acoeueoao? oi?iaaaeaeaiiy oe???
i?iiiceoe?? iiaea aooe io?eiaiee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo 1400 oen. a?i ca ??e.

C iaoith cieaeaiiy aeo?ao ia cae?ci?oaeiee eiioeaio?ao ii noaoo?
“Ne?iaeia ? iai?aoaa?eeaoe” ?iaeaia?ii-oaoi?/ieie i?aoe?aieeaie OeACEo
ca o/anoth aaoi?a aeena?oaoe?? oaeiae cai?iiiiiaaii aeiaeaiiy a
?oaeiiio?e ?c ea?’??o c ai?noii iaaiaoeoiaiai cae?ca 21,3% aaaaooi?
?oaee c i?aecaiiiai aeaeiaooeo oo. ?i. I?aeaeii?e?aeca c ai?noii
iaaiaoeoo 24,5%, ui aeicaiey? ca?eueoeoe aeo?ae eiioeaio?aoo.
Aeiiii?/iee aoaeo neeaaea? 1,5 iei a?i ca ??e.

Ia iniia? ooieoe?? aaccaeoeiaino? aeine?aeaeaii aieea oiiaeo iieaoe
i?aoe? ia ?aoe?iiaeuei? ianyae ae?iaieoeoaa. Onoaiiaeaii, ui oi/ea
aaccaeoeiaino? caeaaeeoue ia no?eueee a?ae ?ici??o oiiaeo, ne?eueee
a?ae caeoe?a i?ae /an ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoeoe?? ii aa?oa?o. I?e ci?i?
caeoe?a c 18 aei 36% i?i?iaeueii iaiao?aei? ianyae ae?iaieoeoaa
cieaeothoueny ia 30%, a “caii?iaeaiiy” ca?ia?oii? ieaoe, a ii??aiyii? c?
ci?iith ?? i?iii?oe?eii ianyao ae?iaieoeoaa, aeicaiey? cieceoe
i?i?iaeueiee ianya i?iaeoeoe?? ia 8%.

*aoaa?oee ?icae?e.Aeine?aeaeaii noeioethaaiiy i?aoethth/eo ii
cieaeaiith nia?aa?oino? oa i?aeaeuaiith yeino? i?iaeoeoe??, yea
ia?aaeaa/aii a nenoai? iieaoe i?aoe?. ?icaeyioo? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy
oi?ioaaiiy ca?ia?oii? ieaoe ia i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoaao o no/anieo
oiiaao ainiiaea?thaaiiy. Aeeiiaii aiae?c iieaciee?a ? oiia aeieaoe
caioi/oaaeueiiai oiiaeo iieaoe i?aoe? ia e?eai??cueeeo ACEao. Ooo
i?ai?thaaiiy a??ie/eo ?ia?oiee?a o ea?’??ao ca i?aeaeuaiiy yeino?
ia?a?iaey?ii? ?oaee, cieaeaiiy ?? nia?aa?oino?, a oaeiae noaa?e?caoe?th
?oaeiiioieo ii eiai ianyao ? ai?noo cae?ca ia aeeiio?oueny. Ia aac?
ca?oieo aeaieo ii iieao? i?aoe? ia OeACE? a 1997, 1998 ??.
i?iaiae?ciaaii aca?iica’ycie i?ae aeiieaoaie ? oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieie
iieacieeaie caaaa/aiiy. Ia caaaa/oaaeuei?e oaa?eoe? i?ai?aeuei? aeiieaoe
?OI ciaoiaeyoueny o caeaaeiino? a?ae ianyao ae?iaieoeoaa ? ai?noo cae?ca
o eiioeaio?ao? (R2 = 0,29), i?ae aeiieaoaie oa nia?aa?o?noth
eiioeaio?aoo aca?iica’ycie neaaeee, a aeey ?ia?oiee?a oeae aca?iica’ycie
a?ae??ciy?oueny aeineoue aenieei eiao?oe??ioii aeaoa?i?iaoe?? (R2=0,4).

A iniiao ?eiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio aecia/aiiy oiiaeo iieaoe i?aoe? a
a??ie/eo oeaoao cae?ci?oaeieo ACE?a i?eeiyoa caeaaei?noue nia?aa?oino?
i?iaeoeoe?? ? oe?ie ia ia?, ioaea, i?eaooeo a?ae yeino? (o?ooe)
ia?a?iaethaaii? ?oaee. Aecia/ath/ei oaeoi?ii a oi?ioaaii? oiiaeo iieaoe
i?aoe? ? ?iai/ee /an, eiai iae?e ? aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy. Oaeoi?e
noeioethaaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa ae?thoue /a?ac nenoaio ioe?ii/ieo iieaciee?a
aaciina?aaeiuei i?e oi?ioaaii? i?ai?aeueieo oiiae?a. Aeiiii?/iee
iaoai?ci oi?ioaaiiy oiiaeo iieaoe i?aoe? ii ie?aiei eaoaai??yi
?ia?oiee?a a??ie/eo oeao?a cae?ci?oaeieo ACE?a i?aaenoaaeaii o aeaeyae?
aeai?eoio

OIO = [ S( AiHiN?.nE ni.?) ( aEojPj / aPj ) EoOn.1EiOn b] o

o kael[( 1 + d/ 100) ( 1 + a / 100)], a?i/i?n,

aea m — caaaeueia /enei oei?a onoaoeoaaiiy (?iai/eo i?noeue); A? —
e?euee?noue iaeeieoeue onoaoeoaaiiy ?-ai oeio; I? – /enaeueiee ii?iaoea
ianeoaiaoaaiiy ?iai/iai i?noey, /ie-ci?i/iae.; N?.n – e?euee?noue
?iai/eo ci?i ca i?nyoeue; Eni.? –eiao?oe??io nieni/iiai neeaaeo; n –
/enei ?ic?yae?a oa?eoii? n?oee; EOj — oa?eoiee eiao?oe??io j-ai
?ic?yaeo; Pj — /enei ?ia?oiee?a j-ai ?ic?yaeo;

Eo – eiao?oe??io ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ??ai?a o?oaeiaeo?ao; On.1 – oa?eoia
noaaea 1-ai ?ic?yaeo, yea onoaiiaeth?oueny a?aeiia?aeii i?i?iaeuei?e
ca?ia?oi?e ieao?, a?i//; Eo – eiao?oe??io ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ??ai?a
iieaoe i?aoe?; Oc – oiiae ?iai/iai /ano, a/ci?io; b – nooi?iue
aeei?enoaiiy /ano ci?ie; kae – eiao?oe??io aeiaeaoeiai? ca?ia?oii?
ieaoe; l – eiao?oe??io, a?aoiaoth/ee iieaoo ianeoaiaoth/iai oa
oi?aae?inueeiai ia?niiaeo; d,a — a?aeiia?aeii eiao?oe??ioe aeiieao ca
aeeiiaiiy ae?iaie/eo caaaeaiue, cieaeaiiy nia?aa?oino? oa i?aeaeuaiiy
yeino? i?iaeoeoe??, %.

Cai?iiiiiaaiee aeai?eoi aeicaiey? oi?ioaaoe oiiae iieaoe i?aoe? ii
ie?aiei ia?a?iaeai (ao?ii?ae?eai? ?iaioe, aeneaaaoe?y, o?ainii?ooaaiiy ?
o.i.) c o?aooaaiiyi niaoeeo?/ieo oiia ?o ae?iaieoeoaa. A?i caaacia/o?
noai iioeaaoe?? i?aoe? oa ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy iaoa??aeueieo
?ano?n?a.

A E N I I A E E

A aeena?oaoe??, ui ? caaa?oaiith iaoeiaith ?iaioith, iinoaaeaia ?
ae??oaia aeooaeueia iaoeiaa caaea/a, yea iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? iaoeiaeo
iniia ? i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii oaeineiiaeaiith i?aai?caoe??
i?ioean?a aeaeiaooeo oa ia?a?iaee ?oaee oeyoii aeoeaiiai noeioethaaiiy
i?aoe? ?ia?oiee?a a??ie/eo oeao?a, ye? caaacia/othoue
eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue i?iaeoeoe?? e?eai??cueeeo ACE?a.

Noai ieoaiiy. Aaaeeee aeiiii?/iee noai a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueieo
eiia?iao?a Oe?a?ie iia’ycaiee, ia?aae on?i,c iecueeith
eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noth ?o i?iaeoeoe??. Iaoaeo?a?eia ne?iaeia, ui
aeionea?oueny eiia?iaoaie, ia a?aeiia?aea? aeiiaai ?eieo ii aa?oino? oa
yeino?. I?aai?caoe?y i?ioean?a aeaeiaooeo oa ia?a?iaee ?oaee, yea
aeicaiey? iie?aueoe ?eiiii?/i? iieacieee ae?iaieoeoaa,
oaeineiiaeth?oueny iia?eueii, ine?eueee a?aenooi? aeoeaia noeioethaaiiy
i?aoe? ?ia?oiee?a.

Iaoiaee ?ica’ycaiiy iaoeiai? caaea/? aeeth/athoue aiae?c ?
ocaaaeueiaiiy no/anieo aeinyaiaiue iaoee oa i?aeoeee, iaoiaee
iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee, aiae?oe/i? oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aenia?oece.

Iaa?oiooaaiiy ?iia??iino? iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a, aeniiae?a ?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny a?aeiia?aei?noth iaoiae?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy iinoaaeaiei a ?iaio? iao? ? caaea/ai; canoinoaaiiyi
ooiaeaiaioaeueieo iieiaeaiue aeiiii?ee oa i?aai?caoe??
a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa; aeei?enoaiiyi iaoaiaoe/ieo
iiaeaeae, ye? aacothoueny ia oai?aoe/ieo iniiaao iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee
oa aeinoaoiueiio /ene? niinoa?aaeaiue.

Iaea?eueo aaaeeea? iaoeia? oa i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe, aeniiaee ?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? i?noyoueny a ianooiiiio:

1. I?iaaaeaia aenia?oeca oaeoi??a, ui aieeaathoue ia ?acoeueoaoe
ae?yeueiino? a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueieo eiia?iao?a. Na?aae iaea?eueo
aaaeeeaeo oaeoi??a ia Oeaio?aeueiiio ACE? ?: a?aenooi?noue aeina?aeo
?iaioe a ?eieiaeo oiiaao ? iecueea iioeaaoe?y i?aoe? oa aeiiii??
iaoa??aeueieo ?ano?n?a.

2. O no?oeoo?? aeo?ao ia oiaa?io i?iaeoeoe?th e?eai??cueeeo ACE?a
iaea?eueoo /anoeio (71,2%) neeaaeathoue iaoa??aeuei? oa aia?aiaeo?aoe.
Iecueea i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe? ( ia 32% ieae/a na?aaeiuei? ii ACEai) oa
eiai neaaea iioeaaoe?y (ca?ia?oia ieaoa ia 25% ieae/a na?aaeiuei?) ?
iaei??th c i?e/ei iecueei? aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe
Oeaio?aeueiiai ACEo.

3. Ii i?ioeanai a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa nenoaiaoeciaai?
oaoiieia?/i? oa i?aai?caoe?ei? ??oaiiy, aeei?enoaiiy yeeo i?e
eiao?oe??io? aa??aoe?? 0,05…0,25 aeicaiey? i?aeaeueoe ye?noue
?oaeiiioieo, eiai ona?aaeiaiiy ? noaa?e?caoe?th ianya?a a?aeaaioaaeaiiy.
Iniiai? ci?ie a eieeaaii? yeino? ?oaeii? ne?iaeie a?aeaoaathoueny a
i?ioeanao aeaooiaiai ae?iaeaiiy, aeneaaaoe?? ? o?ainii?ooaaiiy (45…50%),
a oaeiae ona?aaeiaiiy (30…35%).

4. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo aeiiii?/iiai aoaeoo a?ae cieaeaiiy
eieeaaiue ianya?a ? yeino? aeo?aeii? ?oaee, a oaeiae i?aeaeuaiiy ai?noo
cae?ca a ?oae?, yea iaaeoiaeeoue ia caaaa/aiiy. O?aoiaaia caeaaei?noue
nia?aa?oino? aeaeiaooeo ?oaee oa ae?iaieoeoaa eiioeaio?aoo a?ae aeoyao
cae?ca, ui aecia/a?oueny ye?noth ?oaee, eieeaaiiyi ianya?a
a?aeaaioaaeaiiy ? yeino?. Aeiiii?/iee aoaeo neeaaea? iiiaae 2 iei
a?i/i?n, i?e/iio 60…70% oe??? noie iia’ycaii c i?aeaeuaiiyi ai?noo
iaaiaoeoiaiai cae?ca a i?ioean? aeaeiaoaieo ?ia?o.

5. Cai?iiiiiaaii oi?aae?iiy ye?noth aeo?aeii? ?oaee ia iniia?
iaaiaoeoiaiai iiaeoey. Aeoiaey/e c i?ny/ieo ca?oieo aeaieo, onoaiiaeai?
caeaaeiino? i?ae ye?noth ?oaee, oaoiieia?/ieie ia?aiao?aie caaaa/aiiy oa
aeiiii?/ieie iieacieeaie e?ioeaai? i?iaeoeoe??. Iaea?eueoee aieea ia
aeoya cae?ca oa aeo?ae eiioeaio?aoo ?iaeoue iaaiaoeoiaee iiaeoeue (R2 =
0,34 ? 0,53 a?aeiia?aeii), ia nia?aa?o?noue eiioeaio?aoo – ai?no
iaaiaoeoo o aeo?aei?e ?oae?, a oaeiae ianya ae?iaieoeoaa (R2 = 0,36).
C? ca?eueoaiiyi ianyao ia?a?iaee ?oaee oa aeioneo eiioeaio?aoo, ai?noo
caaaeueiiai cae?ca ? iaaiaoeoo nia?aa?o?noue i?iaeoeoe?? cieaeo?oueny
(ia 10…20%) ii i?yiie?i?ei?e caeaaeiino?.

6. Aeeiiaii aiae?c no?oeoo?e nia?aa?oino? i?iaeoeoe?? ii ia?a?iaeai
oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa. Nia?aa?o?noue eiioeaio?aoo oa ieaoeo?a
aeioe?eueii cieaeoaaoe ca ?aooiie aeo?ao ia aeaeiaooie ?oaee. Aeo?aoe ia
iniiai? iaoa??aee, ne?iaeio oa aia?ai?ano?ne neeaaeathoue 55…65%
nia?aa?oino?. Ia OeACE? aeiieaoe ?OI caeaaeaoue a iniiaiiio a?ae
ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa ? ai?noo cae?ca o eiioeaio?ao? (R2 = 0,29), a
aeiieaoe ?ia?oieeai a a?eueoino? onoaiiaeththoueny a caeaaeiino? a?ae
nia?aa?oino? eiioeaio?aoo (R2 = 0,4), ui ia a?aeiia?aea? i?eioeeiai
noeioethaaiiy i?aoe?.

7. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea oi?ioaaiiy oiiaeo iieaoe i?aoe? a a??ie/eo
oeaoao cae?ci?oaeieo ACE?a. Cai?iiiiiaaii oiiae iieaoe ?ic?aoiaoaaoe c
o?aooaaiiyi i?ai?? ca aeeiiaiiy aaciaeo iieaciee?a ii yeino?
a?aeaaioaaeoaaii? ?oaee, ?? eieeaaiiy ? nia?aa?oino? aeo?aeii? ?oaee ii
ia?a?iaeai a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa. Noia iniiaii?
ca?ia?oii? ieaoe aecia/a?oueny /eneii ?ia?oiee?a, yea onoaiiaeth?oueny
ia aac? ii?i ianeoaiaoaaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai onoaoeoaaiiy oa eiai
e?eueeino?, iaiao?aeii? aeey ae?iaieoeoaa caieaiiaaiiai ianyao
i?iaeoeoe??.

8. C iaoith cieaeaiiy iaoa??aeueieo ? aia?aiaeo?ao ia aeione
eiioeaio?aoo oa i?aeaeuaiiy eiai yeino? ca o/anoth aaoi?a ia
Oeaio?aeueiiio ACE? oi?iaaaeaeai? iia? iaiaethaaeuei? iaoeie IE-324
(aenieoaoaoe?ei? aeo?aoe nei?ioeeeny ia 20,4 iei a?i), cai?iiiiiaaii
aeei?enoaiiy eiiieaenii? nenoaie eieaeueiiai iae?eo, eiio?ieth oa
oi?aae?iiy ?iciiae?eii aia?ai?ano?n?a o ?aaeei? ?o caa?aaeaiiy
(?ic?aooieiaee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo – 3,27 iei a?i/??e, ia E?eai??cueeiio
Oe?C io?eiaia aeiiii?y 960 oen. a?i), iaa?oioiaaia aeiiii?/ia
aeioe?euei?noue aeei?enoaiiy aaioii?oiaeo aeei, ui aeaeiaoaathoueny a
ea?’??? ?4 (?ic?aooieiaee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo – 1400 oen. a?i/??e), a
oaeiae cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoaiiy o a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueiiio
ae?iaieoeoa? aaaaoi? ca ai?noii iaaiaoeoo ?oaee c oaooe ?i.
I?aeaeii?e?aeca (aeiiiiaoaeo – 1,5 iei a?i ca ??e). *anoea aaoi?a
aeena?oaoe?? a noia?iiio aoaeo? – 2,75 iei a?i.

?aeiiaiaeaoe??, uiaei aeei?enoaiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue cai?iiiiiaai? aei aeei?enoaiiy i?iaeoiei
?inoeoooai “Oe?ae?i?i?oaea” oa “E?eaaani?iaeo”, a oaeiae
a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueiei eiia?iaoai AeAE“Oe??oaei?ii”.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeai? a iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeyo:

1 .Eo?aoia N.A. Aiaeec no?oeoo?u oiiaea iieaou o?oaea ia Oeaio?aeueiii
ai?ii-iaiaaoeoaeueiii eiiaeiaoa // Na. iao/. o?. IAA Oe?aeiu. – 1998.-
?3.- O.7.- N.65 – 71.

2 .Eo?aoia N.A., Oaiiaae A.A. Iaoiaeeea ?an/aoa yeiiiie/aneiai yooaeoa
io iiauoaiey ea/anoaa ?oaeu, iinooiathuae ia iaiaauaiea // Aeiiii?/iee
a?niee IAA Oe?a?ie.- 1999. — ?1. – O.2. – N. 188 – 192.

3. Eo?aoia N.A. ?uii/iua yeaiaiou a oi?aaeaiee oeiainiaie
aeayoaeueiinoueth i?aaei?eyoey // A?niee Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo. Aeiiii?ea. – Aei?i?iiao?ianuee: Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee
aea?ae. oi-o, 1998. – Aei. 2.- N.96 – 100.

4. Eo?aoia N.A., E?ooaaneee A.A. Aiaeec no?oeoo?u oi?aaeaiey
ai?iiaeiauaathueo i?aaei?eyoee a oneiaeyo ia?aoiaea e ?uieo //
Iaiaaeaeiaio a yeiiiieea ia?aoiaeiiai ia?eiaea. — Aeiiaoee: Aeiiaoeeee
ain. oaoi. oi-o. – 1997. – N. 89 – 91.

5. Iaeaoeeee I.A., Eo?aoia N.A. ?ac?aaioea yeiiiieei-iaoaiaoe/aneiai
iaoaiecia oi?aaeaiey i?aaei?eyoeai a oneiaeyo oicyenoaaiiiai ?enea //
Iaiaaeaeiaio a yeiiiieea ia?aoiaeiiai ia?eiaea. – Aeiiaoee: Aeiiaoeeee
ain. oaoi. oi-o. – 1997. – N. 152-154.

6. E?eaioaaaa A.A., Eo?aoia N.A. Iaoiaeeea ?an/aoa ca?aaioiie ieaou
yeneaaaoi?iuo a?eaaae i?e aeoeaiii noeioee?iaaiee o?oaea // O?.
iaaeaeoia?. eiio. “Oi?aaeaiea o?oaeiauie ?ano?naie: i?iaeaiu e
ia?niaeoeau ?acaeoey”.- Oiaeueieoeeee: Oaoiieia. oi-o Iiaeieuey. – 1997.
– N. 108-110.

7. Eo?aoia N.A. Aiaeec i?iecaiaenoaaiii-oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe
Oeaio?aeueiiai AIEa ia nia?aiaiiii yoaia // I?iae. eiiieaen. inaiaiey
iaae?. – Aeiai?iiao?iane: IAA Oe?aeiu. – 1998. — ?2. – N. 141-144.

8. I?ieiiaiei A.E., Eo?aoia N.A. No?aoaae/aneia ieaie?iaaiea
i?iecaiaenoaaiii-oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe Naaa?iiai AIEa // O?.
iaaeaoc. eiio. “Yeieiai-yeiiii. i?iae. ?acaaaeee, ?ac?aaioee e
iaiaauaiey iieaci. eneii. Oe?aeiu”. – Aeiai?iiao?iane: Iaoea e
ia?aciaaiea. – 1997. – N. 76.

9. Aaaiiiaa A.A., Eo?aoia N.A. Ioeaiea aeeyiey caa?yciaiey ie?oaeathuae
n?aaeu ?aaeiia ia oaoieei-yeiiiie/aneea iieacaoaee ?aaiou
I?aeaeiieeeaecaaneiai AIEa// O?. iaaeaoc. eiio. “Yeieiai-yeiiii. i?iae.
?acaaaeee, ?ac?aaioee e iaiaauaiey iieac. eneii. Oe?aeiu”. –
Aeiai?iiao?iane: Iaoea e ia?aciaaiea, 1997. – N. 94-96.

10. Aaniaeueei A.I., Iaeueiee TH.E., Eo?aoia N.A. Oaoieei-yeiiiie/aneay
ioeaiea yooaeoeaiinoe ai?iuo ?aaio ia aeoaieeo ea?uea?ao E?eaaanna / IAA
Oe?aeiu. – Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1997.- 43 n. — Aeai. a Oe? EIOYE 12.01.98,
?49. – Oe 98.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a o ?iaioe, iaienai? o ni?aaaoi?noa?:

[4,10] –i?aeaioiaea aeo?aeieo aeaieo, ?ic?aooiie oa aiae?c io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a;

[ 5 ] – ?ic?iaea ?ic?aooieiaiai aeai?eoio, iaa?oiooaaiiy aeniiae?a;

[ 2, 6, 8 ] – ?ic?iaea oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue ii noeioethaaiith i?aoe?;

[ 9 ] – iinoaiiaea caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue, iaa?oiooaaiiy aeniiae?a.

A I I O A Oe ? ss

Eo?aoia N.A. Oaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?? oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a ye
oaeoi?a iie?ioaiiy aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.06.01 – “Aeiiii?ea i?aei?e?inoaa ? i?aai?caoe?y
ae?iaieoeoaa”. Iaoe?iiaeueia a??ie/a aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie,
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1999.

I?iaaaeaia aenia?oeca oaeoi??a, ye? aieeaathoue ia ?acoeueoaoe
ae?yeueiino? a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueieo eiia?iao?a. Iaeiei ?c oaeoi??a ?
iecueea iioeaaoe?y i?aoe? oa aeiiii?? iaoa??aeueieo ?ano?n?a.
Nenoaiaoeciaai? oaoiieia?/i? ? i?aai?caoe?ei? ??oaiiy, aeei?enoaiiy yeeo
aea? iiaeeea?noue i?aeaeuaiiy a oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? yeino? ?oaeiiioieo,
?? ona?aaeiaiiy oa noaa?e?caoe?? ianya?a a?aeaaioaaeaiiy. Neeaaeaia
no?oeoo?ia noaia aca?iica’yce?a ia?aiao??a oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a c
aeiiii?/ieie iieacieeaie ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoe??. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea
?ic?aooieo aeiiii?/iiai aoaeoo a?ae cieaeaiiy eieeaaiue ianya?a ? yeino?
aeo?aeii? ?oaee, a oaeiae i?aeaeuaiiy ai?noo cae?ca a ?oae?. O?aoiaai?
caeaaeiino? nia?aa?oino? aeaeiaooeo ?oaee oa ae?iaieoeoaa eiioeaio?aoo
a?ae aeoyao cae?ca, yea aecia/a?oueny ye?noth ?oaee, eieeaaiiyi ianya?a
a?aeaaioaaeaiiy ? yeino?.

I?iaiae?ciaaia no?oeoo?a nia?aa?oino? i?iaeoeoe?? ii oaoiieia?/iei
i?ioeanai. Ia iniia? ooieoe?? aaccaeoeiaino? aeine?aeaeaii aieea oiiaeo
iieaoe i?aoe? ia ?aoe?iiaeuei? ianyae ae?iaieoeoaa.

Aeeiiaii aiae?c no?oeoo?e oiiaeo iieaoe i?aoe? ia OeACE?. ?ic?iaeaia
iaoiaeeea oi?ioaaiiy oiiaeo iieaoe i?aoe? a a??ie/eo oeaoao
cae?ci?oaeieo ACE?a. Cai?iiiiiaaii oiiae iieaoe ?ic?aoiaoaaoe aeey
oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a c o?aooaaiiyi i?ai?? ca aeeiiaiiy aaciaeo
iieaciee?a ii yeino? a?aeaaioaaeoaaii? ?oaee, ?? eieeaaiiy oa
nia?aa?oino? aeo?aeii? ?oaee.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: cae?ci?oaeiee eiia?iao, ae?iaie/? i?ioeane,
i?aai?caoe?y, oaoiieia?/i? ia?aiao?e, oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/i? iieacieee,
nenoaia iieaoe i?aoe?.

A I I I O A Oe E ss

Eo?aoia N.A. Niaa?oainoaiaaiea i?aaiecaoeee oaoiieiae/aneeo i?ioeannia
eae oaeoi?a oeo/oaiey yeiiiie/aneeo iieacaoaeae ai?ii-iaiaaoeoaeueiiai
i?iecaiaenoaa.- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.06.01 – “Yeiiiieea i?aaei?eyoey e i?aaiecaoeey
i?iecaiaenoaa”. Iaoeeiiaeueiay ai?iay aeaaeaiey Oe?aeiu.
Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1999.

I?iaaaeaia yenia?oeca oaeoi?ia, aeeythueo ia ?acoeueoaou aeayoaeueiinoe
ai?ii-iaiaaoeoaeueiuo eiiaeiaoia a nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo. Iaeiei ec
oaeoi?ia yaeyaony ieceay iioeaaoeey o?oaea e yeiiiiee iaoa?eaeueiuo
?ano?nia. Auiieiai aiaeec no?oeoo?u cao?ao ia oiaa?ioth i?iaeoeoeeth
e?eai?iaeneeo AIEia. Iaeaieueooth /anoue ( 71,2%) ninoaaeytho
iaoa?eaeueiua e yia?aicao?aou.

Ii i?ioeannai ai?ii-iaiaaoeoaeueiiai i?iecaiaenoaa nenoaiaoece?iaaiu
oaoiieiae/aneea e i?aaiecaoeeiiiua ?aoaiey, eniieueciaaiea eioi?uo
iicaieyao iiauneoue a oe?ieii aeeaiaciia ea/anoai ?oaeiiioiea, aai
on?aaeiaiea e noaaeeecaoeeth iauaiia ioa?ocee. Iniiaiua eciaiaiey a
eieaaeaiinoe ea/anoaa ?oaeiiai nu?uey inouanoaeythony a i?ioeannao
ac?uaaiey, yeneaaaoeee e o?ainii?oe?iaaiey (45…50%), a oaeaea
on?aaeiaiey (30…35%). Ninoaaeaia no?oeoo?iay noaia acaeiinaycae
ia?aiao?ia oaoiieiae/aneeo i?ioeannia n yeiiiie/aneeie iieacaoaeyie
i?iecaiaenoaa i?iaeoeoeee.

Enoiaey ec iany/iuo aeaiiuo ii OeAIEo ,ii?aaeaeaiu caaeneiinoe iaaeaeo
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoueth oaoiieiae/aneeo oeaoia e naaanoieiinoueth eo
i?iaeoeoeee, a oaeaea iaaeaeo naaanoieiinoueth e niaea?aeaieai aeaeaca a
enoiaeiie ?oaea, eieaaeaiinoueth niaea?aeaiey aeaeaca e iauaiia ioa?ocee
ia iaiaaoeoaeueioth oaa?eeo. Yoe caaeneiinoe yaeythony iniiaaieai aeey
aeoeaiiai noeioee?iaaiey o?oaea ii niaa?oainoaiaaieth i?aaiecaoeee
i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo i?ioeannia. ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea ?an/aoa
yeiiiie/aneiai yooaeoa io nieaeaiey eieaaaiee iauaiia e ea/anoaa
enoiaeiie ?oaeu, a oaeaea iiauoaiey niaea?aeaiey aeaeaca a ?oaea. O/oaiu
caaeneiinoe naaanoieiinoe aeiau/e ?oaeu e i?iecaiaenoaa eiioeaio?aoa io
ecaea/aiey aeaeaca, ii?aaeaeyaiiai ea/anoaii ?oaeu, eieaaeaiinoueth
iauaiia ioa?ocee e ea/anoaa.

Aeey ?ac?aaioee aae?aniuo i?aaiecaoeeiiii-oaoie/aneeo ?aoaiee ii
nieaeaieth cao?ao ia i?iecaiaenoai i?iaiaeece?iaaia no?oeoo?a
naaanoieiinoe i?iaeoeoeee ii oaoiieiae/aneei i?ioeannai. Cia/eoaeueiay
/anoue naaanoieiinoe eiia/iie i?iaeoeoeee ii?aaeaeyaony cao?aoaie ia
aeiau/o ?oaeu. Naaanoieiinoue eiioeaio?aoa e ieaouoae oeaeaniia?acii
nieaeaoue ca n/ao cao?ao ia iniiaiua iaoa?eaeu, nu?uea e yia?ai?ano?nu
(cao?aou ninoaaeytho 55…60% naaanoieiinoe). Ia iniiaa ooieoeee
aacoauoi/iinoe enneaaeiaaii aeeyiea oiiaea iieaou o?oaea ia
?aoeeiiaeueiua iauaiu i?iecaiaenoaa.

Auiieiai aiaeec no?oeoo?u oiiaea iieaou o?oaea ia OeAIEa. Onoaiiaeaii,
/oi nouanoaothuay nenoaia iieaou neaai noeioee?oao oeo/oaiea ea/anoaa
i?iaeoeoeee e nieaeaiea iaoa?eaeueiuo cao?ao, ii?aaeaeythueo
eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoue i?iaeoeoeee. ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea oi?ie?iaaiey
oiiaea iieaou o?oaea a ai?iuo oeaoao aeaeaci?oaeiuo AIEia. I?aaeeiaeaii
oiiae iieaou ?ann/eouaaoue aeey oaoiieiae/aneeo i?ioeannia n o/aoii
i?aiee ca auiieiaiea aaciauo iieacaoaeae ii ea/anoao ioa?oaeaaiie ?oaeu,
aai eieaaeaiinoe e naaanoieiinoe enoiaeiie ?oaeu.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeaeaci?oaeiue eiiaeiao, i?iecaiaenoaaiiua i?ioeannu,
i?aaiecaoeey, oaoiieiae/aneea ia?aiao?u, oaoieei-yeiiiie/aneea
iieacaoaee, nenoaia iieaou o?oaea.

ABSTRACT

Kurashov S.U. Perfecting of Technological Processes Organization as a
Factor of Improvement of Economic Indexes of Mineral Production
Processes. – Typescript.

Thesis for a scientific degree of a candidate of technical sciences’ in
speciality 08.06.01 – “Economics of enterprise and production process
organization”. National Mining University of Ukraine. Dnipropetrovsk,
1999.

Examination of the factors influencing the results of
mining-and-dressing integrated plants functioning has been carried out.
One of the factors is low motivation of labour and saving in material
resources. Technological and organizational decisions which allow to
increase ore flow quality, its average and dispatch volume stabilization
over a wide range were classified. Structural diagram of technological
process parameters correlation with economic index of production is
composed. Evaluation technique of economic efficiency from lowering of
fluctuation in volume and quality of the initial ore and from rise of
iron content has been developed. Dependence of ore production cost and
concentrate production from iron extraction defined by quality of ore,
fluctuation of dispatch volume and quality is taken into account.

The structure of product cost according to the technological processes
has been analyzed. The influence of the wages fund on a rational
production volume is investigated on the bases of loss absence function.

The analysis of wages fund structure at CMDP is fulfilled. The technique
of wages fund creation in mining shops of the dressing plants is
developed. It is offered to calculate wages fund for technological
processes with regard for premiums for base index execution on the
quality of dispatching ore, its fluctuation and initial ore cost.

Key words: iron-and-ore plant, production processes, organization,
technological parameters, technical and economic indexes, system of
wages.

AAOI?AOA?AO

A?aeiia?aeaeueiee ca aeione A. A. Oa?/aiei

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 17.09.99. Oi?iao 60o90/16. Iai?? ionaoiee.
Ionaoiee ae?oe. Oiiai. ae?oe. a?e. 1,2,

Oiiai. oa?a. — a?aea. 1,2. Oe?aae 100. Caiiaeaiiy ? 656. Caiiaeaia.

Aeaeaaieoeoai «Iaoea ? ina?oa» i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, aoe.
Aeca?aeeinueeiai 8a/502.

oae.: (0562) 37-13-13

Похожие записи