I?I?NOA?NOAI INA?OE OE?A?IE

EE?ANUeEEE IAOe?IIAEUeIEE AEIIII?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

AEAIANUeEA IAOAE?ss AAI?A??AIA

OAeE657.47

OAeINEIIAEAIIss IAE?EO AII?OECAOe??: NOAI, I?IAEAIE, IA?NIAEOEAE

(ia i?eeeaae? i?aei?e?inoa i. AEeoiie?a oa AEeoiie?nueei? iaeano?)

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.06.04 – aooaaeoa?nueeee iae?e, aiae?c oa aoaeeo

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

EE?A – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? aeiiii?ee, iae?eo ? aoaeeoo AEeoiie?nueeiai
?iaeaia?ii-oaoiieia?/iiai ?inoeoooo I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, Aooeiaoeue
O?aioe O?aioeiae/,

AEeoiie?nueeee ?iaeaia?ii-oaoiieia?/iee
?inoeooo, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e

aeiiii?ee, iae?eo ? aoaeeoo

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, Aeai’yiaiei
Ieeiea sseiae/,

?inoeooo aa?a?ii? aeiiii?ee OAAI, caa?aeoaa/
a?aeae?eo o?iain?a,

iae?eo oa aoaeeoo, /eai-ei?aniiiaeaio OAAI

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio,
Oaoeianueea Ethaeieea

Noai?neaa?aia, Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee
oi?aa?neoao Eaa?iaoo

I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a, caa?aeoth/a
eaoaae?ith aooaaeoa?nueeiai

iae?eo oa aoaeeoo

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Ee?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aiaaeueii-aeiiii?/iee
oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?a aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny 22 aa?aciy 1999 ?. i 1400 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae. 26.006.02 o Ee?anueeiio
iaoe?iiaeueiiio aeiiii?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 252057, i.
Ee?a-57, i?iniaeo Ia?aiiae, 54/1, aoaeeoi??y 317.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeiiii?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 17 ethoiai 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe,

i?ioani? Iiaeae??ueia?i A.I.

1

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA AeENA?OAOe?EII? ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo aeinyaiaiue o ae?iaieoeoai,
caaacia/aiiy c?inoaiiy AII, i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe?, ?aaeueieo aeioiae?a
ia aeooo ianaeaiiy, a oaeiae ae??oaiiy anueiai eiiieaeno nioe?aeueieo
i?iaeai ? iiaeeeaei i?e cae?eniaii? aoaeoeaii? ?iaanoeoe?eii? iie?oeee,
neeaaeiaith /anoeiith yei? ? aii?oecaoe?eia iie?oeea. Ui??/i?
aii?oecaoe?ei? a?ae?aooaaiiy i?aaenoaaeythoue niaith aeineoue aaaiia
aeaea?aei o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a noni?euenoaa ? aea?aeaae. I?ae oei,
nueiaiaei? a Oe?a?i? a?aeaoaa?oueny ciaioaiiy ianya?a eai?oaeueieo
aeeaaeaiue, ui noaei iaei??th c i?e/ei aeiiii?/ii? e?ece. Iaaiith i??ith
oea iiynith?oueny iaaeinoaoiueith oaaaith o?yaeo e?a?ie aei aea/aiiy
ia’?eoeaieo caeii?a a?aeoai?thaaeueiiai i?ioeano, ye? iaiao?aeii
a?aoiaoaaoe i?e noai?aii? ii?iaoeaieo iaoa??ae?a c iae?eo.

I?iaeaie ia?aooaaiiy oa iae?eo aii?oecaoe?? i?eiee ia ao?a/aee nai??
aeooaeueiino? ? aeineoue aeeaiei aeine?aeaeoaaeenue a?o/eciyieie oa
ca?oa?aeieie a/aieie. A?oioiaia aena?oeaiiy aiie ciaeoee a iaoeiaeo
i?aoeyo A. A?aeaeyia, A. Aa?aiiaa, I. Aiiaea?y, A. Aoaeaaay, I. Aoi?/a,
A. Aeiaeiiiaa, E.Eaioi?a, ss. Eaao?, A. Iyaeiaa, I. I?i/eiiaa, I.
Iaaeiaa, A. Ia?aoo?ia, E. Iao?inyia, ss. Nieieiaa, A. Noaiaieiaa, I.
O?iiiaa.

Aiae?co oaeoe/ieo oaiaeaioe?e ia?aooaaiiy aii?oecaoe?? ? aeine?aeaeaiith
caeiiii??iinoae a?aeoai?aiiy i?enay/aii i?aoe? ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo:
?. Oaiae??enaia, I. Aai A?aaea, E. Iaooa?ia, C. Oaioieca?a, Ae.
O??aeiaia, I. I?aeoay, Ae. Noioia, E. O?o/eiaa, A. I?aeeca.

Cia/iee aianie a ?ic?iaeo i?iaeai aii?oecaoe?? a oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei
?eieiaeo a?aeiinei c?iaeee oe?a?inuee? a/ai? A. Aaae/, I. Ai?iaee?i,
I. A?eooa, A. Aa?aneiiae/, I. Aeai’yiaiei, A. E??aeoeaa, I. Eoaeaeueiee,
A. E?iiee, TH. Eeoaei, TH. Inaae/ee, I. Naaeoe, A. Niiei, A. Oaaoeue oa
?io?.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue ? i?aeoeee i?aai?caoe?? iae?eo
iniiaieo cania?a, i?iaaaeai? i?ioyaii inoaii?o aeaio aeanyoe??/,
aeicaieeee anoaiiaeoe ?yae ia?ica’ycaieo i?iaeai, ye? aaeueiothoue
i?ioean oi?aae?iiy ae?iaieoeoaii ? ciaioothoue aoaeoeai?noue
aenieoaoaoe?? iniiaieo cania?a. Oaeeie i?iaeaiaie ?: a?aenooi?noue
ii?yaeeo ? iaoiaeeee iae?eo ii?aeueiiai ciino a ii?iao aii?oecaoe??,
ia?aooaaiiy aii?oecaoe?? iniiaieo cania?a, ui ciaoiaeyoueny ia
eiina?aaoe??, i?aaeeuei?noue aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueiiai aii?oecaoe?eiiai
ia??iaeo, aea?? iaee?auiai iaoiaeo ia?aooaaiiy aii?oecaoe??, iae?e
oi?ioaaiiy aeaea?ae o?iainoaaiiy eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue oa aaaaoi
?ioeo.

A inoaii?e /an /eneaii? ci?ie caeiiiaeaanoaa aeiiii?/iiai oa?aeoa?o
/anoi iia’ycothoue c iaiao?aei?noth eiai iaaeeaeaiiy aei na?oiaeo
noaiaea?o?a. I?e oeueiio ie?ai? iieiaeaiiy caeii?a oeea?e?ciaaieo e?a?i
iaoai?/ii, aac a?aooaaiiy iniaeeainoae eiie?aoii? neooaoe?? oa
iaoe?iiaeueieo o?aaeeoe?e, ia?aiinyoue ia iai?aeaioiaeaiee a?oio
oe?a?inueei? aeiiii?ee. A a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a aeina?ae aeiiii?/ieo
a?aeiinei, yeee i?eeiathoue ca iniiao, aeyaey?oueny cia/ii aee?eaeaiei.
Oae, canoinoaaiiy caei?aeiiieo niinia?a ii?aeiaiiy ??cieo iaoiaeee
aecia/aiiy iiiaeaoeiaoaaiiai oa aaeainiaiai i?eaooeo c ?aeeiei niiniaii
ia?aooaaiiy aii?oecaoe?? ye aeey ?ic?aooieo iiaeaoeo ia i?eaooie, oae ?
i?e aecia/aii? o?iainiaeo ?acoeueoao?a ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa
ni?e/eieei aeieeiaiiy iiaeo aeey Oe?a?ie i?iaeai. Aei ?o /enea
a?aeiineoueny i?iaeaia ia’?aeiaiiy iniiaieo cania?a o o?e a?oie ?
a?aeiia?aeia canoinoaaiiy o?ueio ii?i aii?oecaoe??, a?aeiiaa a?ae
iiia’?eoiiai iae?eo iniiaieo cania?a a?oi 2 ? 3, iani?aiaaeaiiy aeaieo
aooaaeoa?nueeiai oa iiaeaoeiaiai iae?eo, canoinoaaiiy nenoaie
cieaeoaaeueieo eiao?oe??io?a, iaoai?ci ia?aooaaiiy aii?oecaoe?? a oiiaao
eiii’thoa?ecaoe?? iae?eo oiui.

Iayai?noue aaeeei? e?eueeino? iaae??oaieo i?iaeai, aeeneon?ei?noue
aaaaoueio oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue, a oaeiae ?o aaeeea i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy
iaoiiaeththoue, c iaeiiai aieo, aeooaeuei?noue ia?aii? oaie, a c ?ioiai
– aecia/athoue oe?eueiao ni?yiiaai?noue aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeiiaia o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei ieaio
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o AEeoiie?nueeiai ?iaeaia?ii-oaoiieia?/iiai
?inoeoooo ? iaeaaeeoue aei aea?aeaaii-athaeaeaoii? oaie “?ic?iaea oa
iaoeiaa noi?iaiaeaeaiiy i?ia?aie i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaie/iai
iioaioe?aeo i. Ei?inoaiy ia iniia? noaoono iniaeeaiai aeiiii?/iiai
?aaeeio. Iae?e iniiaieo cania?a”, aea?aeaaiee ?a?no?aoe?eiee iiia? 278.

I?aaeiao oa ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? noeoii?noue oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ieo oa
i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aeoe/ieo iai?yi?a i?ioeano ia?aooaaiiy aii?oecaoe?? ?
ciino, a oaeiae i?aaeea ? iaoiaee iae?eo aii?oecaoe??; ?? aieea ia
?acoeueoaoe o?iainiai? ae?yeueiino? ainiiaea?thth/eo noa’?eo?a.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? cae?eniai? (ieioe?) ainiiaea?nuee? iia?aoe??,
ye? a?aeia?aaeai? a aooaaeoa?nueeiio iae?eo ? a eiiieaen?
i?aaenoaaeythoue niaith o?iainiai-ainiiaea?nueeo ae?yeuei?noue
i?aei?e?inoa. ?ioi?iaoe?eiith aacith iineoaeeee ia?aeiia aeieoiaioaoe?y,
ca?oi?noue, a oaeiae aeai? aieaoiiai iieooaaiiy aooaaeoa??a 122
i?aei?e?inoa AEeoiie?nueei? iaeano?, c yeeo 14 % — i?eaaoii? oi?ie
aeaniino?, 69 % — eieaeoeaii? ? 17 % — aea?aeaaii?. Iaea?eueo aeeaiei ?
aeaoaeueii i?iaeaie aii?oecaoe?? aea/aeenue ia iaoa??aeao AAO
“Aa?aee/?anueeee iieieicaaiae”, AAO “AEeoiie?nueeee eiia?iao nee?eaoieo
ae?ia?a», AAO “AEeoiie?oeoei?”. Aeaea?aeii aiae?co aoee oaeiae caaaeai?
noaoenoe/i? iaoa??aee oi?aae?iiy noaoenoeee AEeoiie?nueei? iaeano? ca
1994-1997 ??.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy

Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aea/aiiy oaeoe/iiai noaio oa cae?eniaiiy
e?eoe/iiai aiae?co ae?th/i? i?aeoeee ia?aooaaiiy ? iae?eo aii?oecaoe??
iniiaieo cania?a oa iaiaoa??aeueieo aeoea?a, ?ic?iaea iaoeiai
iaa?oioiaaieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ? i?iiiceoe?e uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy iae?eo
aii?oecaoe??, aecia/aiiy oa?aeoa?o aieeao noi ia?aoiaaii? aii?oecaoe??
ia ?acoeueoaoe ainiiaea?thaaiiy a oiiaao ?eieiaiai iaoai?cio
?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?ee.

Oaea oe?eueiaa ni?yiiaai?noue iaoiiaeea iinoaiiaeo oa ae??oaiiy
ianooiieo caaaeaiue:

· aeine?aeeoe nooi?noue oa ?nioth/? eiioeaioe?? aii?oecaoe??, ?? i?noea
a nenoai? iae?eo;

· ooi/ieoe iiiyooy aii?oecaoe?? oa ciino c oi/ee ci?o aooaaeoa?nueeiai
iae?eo, ?ice?eoe aca?iica’ycie i?ae ieie;

· aea/eoe aieea ??cieo oaeoi??a ia o?eaae?noue aii?oecaoe?eiiai
ia??iaeo;

· nenoaiaoecoaaoe ? ocaaaeueieoe i?aeia?iaeiee aeina?ae oa iniaeeaino?
aii?oecaoe?eii? iie?oeee ca?oa?aeieo e?a?i;

· aeaoe ioe?ieo ae?th/?e a Oe?a?i? nenoai? ia?aooaaiiy oa iae?eo
aii?oecaoe?? ? ?ic?iaeoe i?iiiceoe?? uiaei ?? iie?auaiiy;

· ?icaeyiooe aaiethoe?th nenoaie ii?i aii?oecaoe?? ? no/ani? oaiaeaioe??
?o ci?ie;

· iieacaoe oa iaa?oiooaaoe iaea?eueo aeioe?euei? (c oi/ee ci?o aieeao ia
eieeaaiiy nia?aa?oino? i?iaeoeoe??) iaoiaee ia?aooaaiiy ciino iniiaieo
cania?a oa iaiaoa??aeueieo aeoea?a;

· oaeineiiaeeoe ia?aeiiee iae?e aii?oecaoe??;

· ?ic?iaeoe i?iaeo iaoe?iiaeueiiai noaiaea?oo c aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo
aii?oecaoe?? iniiaieo cania?a ? iaiaoa??aeueieo aeoea?a;

· ae?iaeoe ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii ai?iaaaeaeaiith iae?eo aii?oecaoe?? a
oiiaao ooieoe?iioaaiiy aaoiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie iae?eo ia i?aei?e?inoaao.

Oai?aoe/i? oa iaoiaeieia?/i? aniaeoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aacothoueny ia
i?aoeyo aeaeaoieo oe?a?inueeeo oa ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo, ii?iaoeaieo
aeieoiaioao, iaoa??aeao eiioa?aioe?e, neiiic?oi?a oa nai?ia??a c i?iaeai
aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo.

A i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaoaaany caaaeueiiiaoeiaee
ae?aeaeoe/iee iaoiae, i?e oeueiio oe?iei canoiniaoaaeenue ?noi?e/iee ?
nenoaiiee i?aeoiaee aei aea/aiiy ainiiaea?nueeeo yaeu ? i?ioean?a.
Aeinoia??i?noue ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?? i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ia?aiith
iaoiaeieia??th aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui aeeth/a? iaoiaee aiae?co ? neioaco,
eia?/iiai oa ?noi?e/iiai, ii??aiyeueieo oa?aeoa?enoee, iaoeiai?
aano?aeoe??, a oaeiae ?io? aeiiii?ei-noaoenoe/i? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o iinoaiiaoe?, ooi/iaii?,
oai?aoe/iiio iaa?oiooaaii? oa i?aeoe/iiio ae??oaii? eiiieaeno ieoaiue,
iia’ycaieo c oaeineiiaeaiiyi iae?eo aii?oecaoe?? iniiaieo cania?a ?
iaiaoa??aeueieo aeoea?a a iiaeo oiiaao ainiiaea?thaaiiy.

A i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy iaea?aeaii oae? iaea?eueo nooo?a? iaoeia?
?acoeueoaoe:

· ia i?aenoaa? aeine?aeaeaiue iaoiaeieia?? iae?eo iniiaieo cania?a, ui
canoiniao?oueny ia i?aei?e?inoaao, ? e?eoe/iiai iaeyaeo aeiiii?/ii?
e?oa?aoo?e ooi/iaii iiiyooy “aii?oecaoe??”, “ciino”, “aii?oecaoe?eiiai
oiiaeo”;

· i?iaaaeaii e?eoe/iee aiae?c ae?th/i? nenoaie iae?eo aii?oecaoe?? a
Oe?a?i? ? cai?iiiiiaaii oeyoe ?? oaeineiiaeaiiy;

· aeine?aeaeaii a?o/eciyi? oa ca?oa?aei? iaoiaee ia?aooaaiiy
aii?oecaoe??, aecia/aii ?o ia?aaaae oa iaaeie?ee, ?ic?iaeaii i?aeoe/i?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aeai?o iaoiaeo ia?aooaaiiy aii?oecaoe?? a Oe?a?i?;

· cai?iiiiiaaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii oaeineiiaeaiith aeaeiai? eeaneo?eaoe??
iniiaieo cania?a c iaoith ia?aooaaiiy aii?oecaoe??;

· aecia/aii i?eioeeie ioe?iee iniiaieo cania?a aeey oe?eae ia?aooaaiiy
aii?oecaoe??;

· oaeineiiaeaii oi?io ia?aeiiiai aeieoiaioo aeey a?aeia?aaeaiiy noi
ia?aoiaaii? aii?oecaoe??;

· ?ic?iaeaii i?iaeo ?icae?eo iaoe?iiaeueiiai noaiaea?oo c
aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo aii?oecaoe?? iniiaieo cania?a oa iaiaoa??aeueieo
aeoea?a;

· anoaiiaeaii iiaeeeaino? oa iniaeeaino? i?aai?caoe?? aaoiiaoeciaaii?
ia?iaee ? aiae?co ?ioi?iaoe?? c iae?eo aii?oecaoe?? c aeei?enoaiiyi
eiii’thoa??a;

· cai?iiiiiaaii iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey oaeineiiaeaiiy
iae?eo aii?oecaoe?? iaiaoa??aeueieo aeoea?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? iaoeiai
iaa?oioiaaieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, ni?yiiaaieo ia oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a
ia?aooaaiiy ? iae?eo aii?oecaoe?? iniiaieo cania?a oa iaiaoa??aeueieo
aeoea?a, ye? iiaeooue ai?iaaaeaeoaaoenue a i?aeoeeo ?iaioe i?iieneiaeo
oa oi?aiaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae aeei?enoiaoaaoenue i?e
?ic?iaoe? ii?iaoeaieo aeo?a c iae?eo.

Iane?aeee aeine?aeaeaiue aeeth/aeenue a iaa/aeuei?, i?aeoe/i? oa
iaoiaee/i? iin?aieee, ye? aeei?enoiaothoueny a o/aiaiio i?ioean?
AEeoiie?nueeiai ?iaeaia?ii-oaoiieia?/iiai ?inoeoooo oa ?ioeo o/aiaeo
caeeaae?a Oe?a?ie (aeia?aeea ? 44-55/544 a?ae 12.10.1998 ?.). Iniiai?
iieiaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue aeena?oaioa ciaeoee oe?iea canoinoaaiiy i?e
/eoaii? eaeoe?e c oai??? aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo, o?iainiaiai oa
oi?aae?inueeiai iae?eo ia oaeoeueoao? aeiiii?ee oa iaiaaeaeiaioo
AEeoiie?nueeiai ?iaeaia?ii-oaoiieia?/iiai ?inoeoooo, a oaeiae i?e
iaienaii? aaoi?ii iiiia?ao?? c i?iaeai aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo
aii?oecaoe??, i?e i?aeaioiaoe? i?iaeoo noaiaea?oo c iae?eo aii?oecaoe??.
Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue oaeiae iieyaa? a ?o
aaciina?aaeiueiio canoinoaaii? a i?aeoe/i?e ?iaio? i?aei?e?inoa: AAO
“Aa?aee/?anueeee iieieicaaiae”, AAO “AEeoiie?oeoei?”, AAO
“AEeoiie?nueeee eiia?iao nee?eaoieo ae?ia?a”.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a

Aaoi?ii ocaaaeueiaii iiaeyaee a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo aaoi??a ia
oai?aoe/i? canaaee iinoaaeaii? i?iaeaie; ?icaeyiooi ?? ?noi?e/iee
aniaeo; oaeineiiaeaii iaoiaeeeo ia?aooaaiiy ciino iaiaoa??aeueieo
aeoea?a; ?ic?iaeaii i?iaeo ?icae?eo iaoe?iiaeueiiai noaiaea?oo c iae?eo
aii?oecaoe??; cai?iiiiiaaii ia?aeiiee aeieoiaio aeey ?ic?aooieo noi
aii?oecaoe??; ?ic?iaeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii aaaeaiith iae?eo aii?oecaoe??
a oiiaao ooieoe?iioaaiiy aaoiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie iae?eo ia
i?aei?e?inoaao.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??

Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy ciaeoei nai? iiaia a?aeia?aaeaiiy o
iiiia?ao?? “Oaeineiiaeaiiy iae?eo aii?oecaoe??: noai, i?iaeaie,
ia?niaeoeae”, iaa/aeueieo ? iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/ieo iin?aieeao ? ?yae?
noaoae. Ie?ai? iieiaeaiiy aeiiia?aeaeenue ? aoee noaaeueii ioe?iai? ia
?-?e i?nuee?e i?aeaoc?anuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? nooaeaio?a
oa iieiaeeo a/aieo, i?enay/ai?e 53-??/ieoe? Aaeeei? Ia?aiiae
(i. AEeoiie?, 1998); I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“I?iaeaie i?aai?caoe?? iae?eo, aoaeeoo ? iaiaaeaeiaioo a
i?aei?e?iieoeoa?” (i. AEeoiie?, 1998). ?acoeueoaoe, iaea?aeai? a oiae?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeiiiaiththoue iaoeiaee iai?yiie, ui aeoiaeeoue ca iaae?
aeena?oaoe??, ? neeaaeathoue i?aenoaae aeey iiaeaeueoeo aeine?aeaeaiue
i?iaeai aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo a ?eieiaeo oiiaao ainiiaea?thaaiiy.

Ioae?eaoe??

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeeiiaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iioae?eiaaii 4 noaoo?
caaaeueiei ianyaii 2,7 ae?oe. a?e., iaae?oeiaaieo o oaoiaiio aeo?iae?
“A?niee AE?O?. Aeiiii?/i? iaoee” (? 6 ca 1997 ?., ? 7 oa ?8 ca 1998 ?.),
iiiia?ao?th “Oaeineiiaeaiiy iae?eo aii?oecaoe??: noai, i?iaeaie,
ia?niaeoeae” ianyaii 18,9 ae?oe. a?e., iaa/aeueiee iin?aiee “O?iainiaee
iae?e. *anoeia 2” (a ni?aaaoi?noa?), “Iiaeaoeiaee iae?e a Oe?a?i?” (a
ni?aaaoi?noa?).

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe

Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a,
nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, aeiaeaoe?a. Iniiaiee ci?no aeeeaaeaii ia
155 noi??ieao ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo, i?noeoue 23 oaaeeoe?, 28 ?enoie?a, 7
aeiaeaoe?a. Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae neeaaea?oueny ?c 62
iaeiaioaaiue.

INIIAI? IIEIAEAIIss AeENA?OAOe?EII? ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/aia iaoa
oa iniiai? caaaeaiiy, ia’?eoe aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaoeiaa iiaecia ?
i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?ic?iaeaieo a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e.

Ia i?aenoaa? e?eoe/iiai iaeyaeo iae?eiai-aeiiii?/ii? e?oa?aoo?e o
ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Oai?aoe/i? aniaeoe aii?oecaoe?? oa ciino”
?ice?eaa?oueny aeiiii?/ia nooi?noue oa aaiacen aii?oecaoe?? ye
aeiiii?/ii? eaoaai???, i?iaiae?ciaaii ?? aca?iica’ycie c eaoaai??yie
ciino oa ciiooaaiiy, cai?iiiiiaai? iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? i?iiiceoe??
uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiaeeee ioe?iee ciino.

?ic?iaea oai?aoe/ieo i?iaeai aii?oecaoe?? oa ciino no/anieie
aeiiii?noaie ni?yiiaaia ia aiae?c oaeoe/ieo oaiaeaioe?e ?? ia?aooaaiiy
aac aeeaieiai aea/aiiy oai???. C oe??? i?e/eie ie?ai? iieiaeaiiy uiaei
aeao?i?oe?? “aii?oecaoe?y”, ye? iaaiaeyoueny a iae?eiai-aeiiii?/i?e
e?oa?aoo??, iathoue ?yae nooo?aeo iaaeie?e?a: 1) aeiionea?oueny
ieooaieia i?ae iiiyooyie aii?oecaoe??, ciino oa ciiooaaiiy; 2)
aii?oecaoe?? i?eienothoue ia aeanoea? ?e ooieoe??; 3)?nioth/?
aeao?i?oe?? ia ?ice?eaathoue i?ecia/aiiy aii?oecaoe?? a no/anieo oiiaao.

A aeeneon?? i?i aeiiii?/io nooi?noue aii?oecaoe?? aeae?eythoue o?e
iniiai? iiceoe??. A?aeiia?aeii aei ia?oi? c ieo aii?oecaoe?y – oea
a?ioiaee ae?ac ciino (E. Iaooa?i, A. ?aecaa?a, E. Eicianueeee).
I?eoeeueieee ae?oai? iiceoe?? aaaaeathoue aii?oecaoe?th i?ioeanii
ia?aianaiiy aa?oino? ciino ia nia?aa?o?noue i?iaeoeoe?? (I. Aac?oeeo,
E. Ni??ia, I. Iieaeiaaiia ). O?aoy a?oia a/aieo noaa?aeaeo?, ui
aii?oecaoe?y – oea i?eeii aai iaoiae aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo
(?. Oaiae?eenai, I. Aai A?aaea).

A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co aeao?i?oe?e aii?oecaoe?? a
iae?eiai-aeiiii?/i?e e?oa?aoo?? ooi/iaii, ui i?ae aii?oecaoe??th ne?ae
?icoi?oe ?aei?noue aeaio i?ioeeaaeieo aeiiii?/ieo i?ioean?a: iinooiiaiai
ciaoe?iaiiy iniiaieo cania?a ? iaiaoa??aeueieo aeoea?a aiane?aeie ?o
ciino ? a?aeoeiaeoaaiiy oeueiai ciaoe?iaiiy oeyoii ia??iaee/ieo
a?ae?aooaaiue ie?aieo noi, ui aeeth/athoueny aei nia?aa?oino?
i?iaeoeoe??.

Iaaaaeaia aeao?i?oe?y aea? oyaeaiiy i?i oace e?oaiia?ao iniiaieo cania?a
oa iaiaoa??aeueieo aeoea?a, yeeie ? ciin, aii?oecaoe?y oa
a?aeoeiaeoaaiiy: ciin oa aii?oecaoe?y a?aeaoaathoueny a i?ioean?
ae?iaie/iai aeei?enoaiiy aeuaiacaaieo aeoea?a, a a?aeoeiaeoaaiiy – a
?acoeueoao? ?o noai?aiiy ? a?aeiiaeaiiy.

Aeiiii?/ia nooi?noue aii?oecaoe?? ?ice?eaa?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith
ianooiieo iieiaeaiue: 1) aii?oecaoe?y – oea ia’?eoeaia aeiiii?/ia
eaoaai??y; 2) iaoa??aeueiith iniiaith aii?oecaoe?? neoaeeoue ciiooaaiiy;
3) aii?oecaoe?y ae?aaeaia a a?ioia?e oi?i?; 4) aii?oecaoe?y a?aeoai?aia
o aa?oino? aecia/aii? e?eueeino? ae?iaeaii? i?iaeoeoe??; 5) aii?oecaoe?y
– oea i?ioean iinooiiaiai ia?aianaiiy /anoeie aa?oino? iniiaieo cania?a
oa iaiaoa??aeueieo aeoea?a ia nia?aa?o?noue i?iaeoeoe??, ui
ae?iaey?oueny c ?o aeiiiiiaith.

A ?acoeueoao? ?icaeyaeo aeeneon?eiiai ieoaiiy oioiaeiino? ciino oa
aii?oecaoe??, a aeena?oaoe?? anoaiiaeaii aca?iica’ycie i?ae ciinii,
aii?oecaoe??th oa ciiooaaiiyi.

Iiiyooy “aii?oecaoe?y” aeieeaa? c ia’?eoeaii? iniaeeaino?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy cania?a i?aoe? a i?ioean? ae?iaieoeoaa ? noai?aii?
aa?oino?.

Ia ? ?aeaioe/ieie iiiyooy “ciin” oa “ciiooaaiiy”. Ciino i?aeeyaathoue
an? noai?ai? iniiai? caniae, ye ae?th/?, oae ? iaae?th/?, iacaeaaeii
a?ae ?o o/ano? a i?ioean? ae?iaieoeoaa (ae?iaie/? ? iaae?iaie/?).
Ciiooaaiiy – oea aeiiii?/iee i?ioean, a?aeia?aaeaiiy ciino a aeiiii?/i?e
ae?eniino?, iniiaa aii?oecaoe??. Aeoiaey/e c nooiino? aii?oecaoe?? ye
a?aeia?aaeaiiy ia’?eoeaieo i?ioean?a, ui iathoue i?noea i?e ae?iaie/iio
niiaeeaaii? iniiaieo cania?a oa iaiaoa??aeueieo aeoea?a, c’yniaaii, ui
aaee/eia aii?oecaoe?? a?aeoeey?oueny a?ae aaee/eie ciino oaeei aea
/eiii, ye oe?ia a?ae aa?oino?.

Oea iiynith?oueny oei, ui ciin ie?aieo iniiaieo cania?a a?aeaoaa?oueny
ii-??ciiio aiane?aeie ae?iaie/eo oiia, ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo aeey eiaeiiai
i?aei?e?inoaa, ? aieeao ii?aeueiiai ciino. ?ica?aeiino? i?ae ciinii oa
aii?oecaoe??th i?aaenoaaeai? ca aeiiiiiaith ?ec. 1.

Aeey a?eueo ia’?eoeaii? ioe?iee ciino iaiao?aeii anoaiiaeoe noaiaea?oi?
iaoiaee aecia/aiiy nooiaith oa oa?aeoa?o o?ce/iiai, ii?aeueiiai oa
aeiiii?/iiai ciino ??cieo aeaiaio?a iniiaieo cania?a. I?e aecia/aii?
aaee/eie ciino cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?ioaa?aeueiee eiao?oe??io
ciino, yeee aeeth/a? a naaa an? o?e aeaee ciino: o?ce/iee, ii?aeueiee oa
aeiiii?/iee:

E = Eo o Ei o Ea,

aea E – ?ioaa?aeueiee eiao?oe??io ciino;

Eo – eiao?oe??io o?ce/iiai ciino;

Ea – eiao?oe??io aeiiii?/iiai ciaoe?iaiiy;

Ei – eiao?oe??io ii?aeueiiai ciino.

Aeiiii?/iee ci?no ?ioaa?aeueiiai eiao?oe??ioa E iieyaa? a oiio, ui a?i ?
iieacieeii inoaoi/ii? i?eaeaoiino? iniiaiiai caniao.

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?ec. 1. ?ica?aeiino? i?ae ciinii ? aii?oecaoe??th

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “I?iaeaie aii?oecaoe?eii? iie?oeee a oiiaao
ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei” ?icaeyiooi aaiethoe?th nenoaie
aii?oecaoe?eieo ii?i, aea/aii aieea ??ciiiai?oieo oaeoi??a ia
o?eaae?noue aii?oecaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo, i?iaiae?ciaaii ca?oa?aei? oa
a?o/eciyi? iaoiaee ia?aooaaiiy aii?oecaoe??, iaa?oioiaaia iaoiaeeea
aecia/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?o canoinoaaiiy ia i?aeoeoe?. Aeine?aeaeaii
iniaeeaino? no/anii? aii?oecaoe?eii? iie?oeee a Oe?a?i?, i?iaiae?ciaaii
?? ia?aaaae oa iaaeie?ee.

Ia oi?ioaaiiy ni?eyoeeaiai ?iaanoeoe?eiiai na?aaeiaeua aaeeeith i??ith
aieeaa? ?ic?iaea caaaeaii?, iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii? aii?oecaoe?eii?
iie?oeee. Iaiao?aei?noue ia?aaeyaeo aii?oecaoe?eii? iie?oeee a Oe?a?i?
coiiaeaia ia?aoiaeii aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei ? aeiiii?/ieie oiiaaie, ye?
neeaeenue nueiaiaei?. A ca’yceo c oeei aea?aeaaith cae?eniththoueny
caoiaee ii noaa?e?caoe?? ? ?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa oeyoii noai?aiiy
ni?eyoeeaeo aeiiii?/ieo oiia aeey aeoea?caoe?? a?aeoai?thaaeueieo
i?ioean?a ia i?aei?e?inoaao, oi?ioaaiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo aeaea?ae
o?iainoaaiiy oaoi?/iiai ia?aica?i?iiy ae?iaieoeoaa.

A ?acoeueoao? aiae?co no/aniiai noaio ia?aooaaiiy oa iae?eo aii?oecaoe??
aeyaeaii ?o iaaeie?ee, ye? ia aeicaieythoue i?aei?e?inoaai iaeiie/oaaoe
eiooe aii?oecaoe?eiiai oiiaeo a aeinoaoi?o aeey cae?eniaiiy ii?iaeueiiai
a?aeoai?thaaeueiiai i?ioeano ?ici??ao.

Iniiaieie iaaeie?eaie ae?th/i? nenoaie iae?eo aii?oecaoe?? iniiaieo
cania?a ?: 1) iaaaeaea eeaneo?eaoe?y iniiaieo cania?a oa anoaiiaeaiiy
?aeeii? ii?ie aii?oecaoe?? aeey eiaeii? c o?ueio a?oi iniiaieo cania?a;
2) aee?eaeaiiy ia?a?nii? aa?oino? iniiaieo cania?a ca ?aooiie iioi/ieo
aeo?ao oa aeo?ao ia a?aeiiaeaiiy (iiaea?i?caoe?th, 
eai?aiiio); 3) a?aenooi?noue iieacieea e?ea?aeaoe?eii? aa?oino? aeey 2 ?
3 a?oi iniiaieo cania?a; 4) iaaeio?eiaiiy iaei??? c iniiaieo aeiia
iae?eo: ocaiaeaeaiiy aeaieo neioaoe/iiai oa aiae?oe/iiai iae?eo iniiaieo
cania?a.

A?aenooi?noue iaa?oioiaaii? aii?oecaoe?eii? iie?oeee, aaaaoi?acia?
cao?eiee a ?iaeaenaoe?? iniiaieo cania?a, canoinoaaiiy cieaeoaaeueieo
eiao?oe??io?a i?ecaaee aei oiai, ui ?ici??e aii?oecaoe?eieo
a?ae?aooaaiue i?aei?e?inoa o aeanyoee ?ac?a iaio? a?ae noi, iaiao?aeieo
aeey eiiiainaoe?? ni?aoethaaiiy iniiaieo cania?a. Iaea?eueoa oea
aieeioei ia i?aei?e?inoaa oiiaeii?noeeo aaeocae. Oiio canoinoaaiiy ia
i?aeoeoe? iniiaieo iieiaeaiue Caeiio “I?i iiiaeaoeoaaiiy i?eaooeo
i?aei?e?inoa” oa ?ino?oeoe?? ? 159 aac a?aeiia?aeiiai ei?eaoaaiiy ia
aoaea noeioethaaoe cae?eniaiiy aeoeaieo ae?iaie/eo ?iaanoeoe?e.

C iaoith aeyaeaiiy nooiaiy ocaiaeaeaiino? ?ioa?an?a aea?aeaae ?
i?aei?e?inoa i?e cae?eniaii? aii?oecaoe?eii? iie?oeee inoaiith ne?ae
?icaeyaeaoe a aeaio ?ic??cao: 1) c oi/ee ci?o iiaeaoeiaiai iae?eo; 2) c
oi/ee ci?o aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo. Ia i?eeeaae? iae?eo iniiaieo cania?a
iaea?eueo yne?aai i?inoaaeo?oueny aca?iica’ycie aooaaeoa?nueeiai oa
iiaeaoeiaiai iae?eo. A aooaaeoa?nueeiio iae?eo aii?oecaoe?y ca?eueoo?
nia?aa?o?noue, ui a?aeia?aaea? ?? aieea ia oe?io ?, a?aeiia?aeii, ia
?ici?? i?eaooeo. A iiaeaoeiaiio iae?eo aii?oecaoe?y ciaioo? aaeia?
aeioiaee.

A aeaiiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? aea?oueny aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea o?ueii
iiaeeeaei aa??aioai iiaoaeiae aca?iica’yceo iiaeaoeiaiai ?
aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo: 1) iiaeaoeiaee iae?e a?aenooi?e ye naiino?eiee
iai?yiie iae?eiai? ?iaioe, a iieacieee aeey iiiaeaoeoaaiiy oi?iothoueny
a iaaeao aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo ? a?aeia?aaeathoueny a o?iainia?e
ca?oiino?; 2) iiaeaoeiaee ? aooaaeoa?nueeee iae?e i?aaenoaaeythoue
niaith naiino?ei? iai?yiee iae?eiai? ?iaioe, ui aeeth/athoue ??ci?
ia’?eoe iae?eo ? ca?oi? ia??iaee, a?aeie?aieai? iaoiaeeee ?a?no?aoe?? ?
ocaaaeueiaiiy ?ioi?iaoe??, a oaeiae ie?ai? iae?eia? ?aa?no?e ? oi?ie
ca?oiino?; 3) eiia?iiaaiee aa??aio, eiee /anoeia iieaciee?a aeey
iiiaeaoeoaaiiy oi?io?oueny aaciina?aaeiuei a ?aa?no?ao aooaaeoa?nueeiai
iae?eo, a ?io? – a iaaeao iiaeaoeiaiai iae?eo.

Aiae?c ae?th/i? nenoaie aii?oecaoe?? aeicaieea c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui
ci?ie iaoiaeeee aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo iniiaieo cania?a, caoaa?aeaeai?
Caeiiii Oe?a?ie “I?i iiiaeaoeoaaiiy i?eaooeo i?aei?e?inoa”, ? yne?aaith
?ethno?aoe??th iaaaoeaieo iane?aee?a, ye? i?iyaeythoueny i?e i?aeoe/i?e
?aae?caoe?? inoaiiueiai ?icaeyiooiai aa??aioo aca?iica’yceo iiaeaoeiaiai
? aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo. Aii?oecaoe?y, ui aecia/a?oueny c iaoith
iiiaeaoeoaaiiy, ? ?ino?oiaioii iiaeaoeiai? iie?oeee ? a?aeiineoueny eeoa
aei niaoeeo?/ieo ia’?eo?a iiaeaoeiaiai iae?eo. Ia iniia? ocaaaeueiaiiy
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy ii aeeeaaeai?e i?iaeai?, c?iaeaii aeniiaie,
ui ia ?nio? aooaaeoa?nueei? oa iiaeaoeiai? aii?oecaoe??. Oea
?iciaaeoaaiiy ? ooo/iei. Ia i?aeoeoe? ?nio? ?aeeia aii?oecaoe?y, ui ia?
?aeei? ia’?eoe oa i?aaeea ia?aooaaiiy, ?aeeiee ci?no oa oi?io.
Aii?oecaoe?y caeeoa?oueny iaeiei ?c aieiaieo aeaea?ae aeanieo o?iainiaeo
?ano?n?a, i?ecia/aieo aeey a?aeoai?aiiy iniiaieo cania?a ? oaoi?/iiai
ia?aica?i?iiy ae?iaieoeoaa.

Aii?oecaoe?eia iie?oeea i?aei?e?inoa ? a?aeia?aaeaiiyi aii?oecaoe?eii?
iie?oeee aea?aeaae ? aaco?oueny ia i?eioeeiao, iaoiaeao ? ii?iaoeaao
aii?oecaoe?eieo a?ae?aooaaiue, caoaa?aeaeaieo caeiiiaeaa/eie aeoaie
O?yaeo. Aiia ni?yiiaaia ia ae??oaiiy ?yaeo caaaeaiue, na?aae yeeo iiaeia
aeae?eeoe oi?ioaaiiy a aooaaeoa?nueeiio iae?eo aaeaeaaoiiai o?iainiaiai
?acoeueoaoo ? i?i?i?caoe?th iiaeaoeiaeo ieaoaae?a aei athaeaeaoo.
I?iiiio?oueny ianooiia iine?aeiai?noue oi?ioaaiiy i?aei?e?inoaii aeanii?
aii?oecaoe?eii? iie?oeee ? ianooiiith: 1) ia’?eo aii?oecaoe??; 2)
ioe?iea iaeia, ia aac? yei? ia?aoiaothoue aii?oecaoe?th; 3) ii?ie
aii?oecaoe??; 4) aii?oecaoe?eiee ia??iae; 5) iaoiae aii?oecaoe??; 6)
?ic?aooieiaa aaee/eia aii?oecaoe??.

A ?iaio? i?aee?aneth?oueny, ui aeey aaeaeaaoiiai a?aeia?aaeaiiy
aii?oecaoe??th i?ioeano ia?aianaiiy aa?oino? ia i?iaeoeo iaiao?aeii
aeaoe aeinoia??io ioe?ieo oe??? aa?oino?. ?niothoue aea? iniiai? oi/ee
ci?o uiaei ioe?iee aeoeao, ia aac? yei? ne?ae ia?aoiaoaaoe
aii?oecaoe?th: 1) ia aac? a?aeiiaethaaeueii? aa?oino? (I. Aoi?/,
A. Ai?ioeeia, A. Aoaeaaae, ?. ?aaiia). I?e oeueiio ia?aaeaa/a?oueny
i?iaiaeeoe ui??/io ia?aioe?ieo iniiaieo cania?a; 2) ia aac? ia?a?nii?
aa?oino? (A. Aeiaeiiia, E. Eaioi?, A. Noaiaieia). I?aaenoaaieee oe???
a?oie a/aieo noaa?aeaeothoue, ui ia?aooaaiiy aii?oecaoe?? c
a?aeiiaethaaeueii? aa?oino? noia?a/eoue ia’?eoeaiiio caeiio aa?oino?.

Ia i?aenoaa? e?eoe/iiai aiae?co iiaeyae?a a?o/eciyieo a/aieo oa
ca?oa?aeiiai aeina?aeo a aeena?oaoe?? aii?oecaoe?th cai?iiiiiaaii
ia?aoiaoaaoe c a?aeiiaethaaeueii? aa?oino? cania?a i?aoe?.

A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy anoaiiaeaii aaaeeeao ?ieue
nenoaie ii?i aii?oecaoe?? o oi?ioaaii? aii?oecaoe?eii? iie?oeee. ??
oaeineiiaeaiiy iaiao?aeii i?iaiaeeoe ca oiiae aeeiiaiiy ianooiieo aeiia:
1) no?oeoo?a ii?i aii?oecaoe?? iiaeiia a?aeia?aaeaoe i?eioeeiia?
iniaeeaino? ae?iaie/eo a?aeiinei oa oe?e? ae?iaieoeoaa; 2) a ii?iao
aii?oecaoe?? iiaeii? a?aoiaoaaoenue ii?aeueiee oa o?ce/iee ciine
iniiaieo cania?a; 3) ii?ie aii?oecaoe?? iiaeii? aooe aeiiii?/ii
iaa?oioiaaieie; 4) i?e aeai?? ii?i aii?oecaoe?? aaaeeeaith aeiiii?/iith
oiiaith ? iaiao?aei?noue nei?i/aiiy iiaeeeaeo ao?ao, ni?e/eiaieo
ii?aeueiei ciinii a oiiaao ?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa oa i?iieneiaino?.

Aei oeueiai /ano iaae??oaia ieoaiiy cae?eniaiiy aii?oecaoe?eieo
a?ae?aooaaiue c ia’?eo?a iniiaieo cania?a, ui ciaoiaeyoueny ia
eiina?aaoe??. Oey i?iaeaia ? aeineoue aaaeeeaith ? c o??? iiceoe??, ui
aiia aca?iiiia’ycaia c aieeaii ia o?iainia? ?acoeueoaoe ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoa: iaia?aooaaiiy aii?oecaoe?? ia iniiai? caniae – oea
ii?ooaiiy ia eeoa ii?yaeeo aaaeaiiy aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo, aea e
iiaeaoeiaiai caeiiiaeaanoaa. Aeine?aeaeaiiyi anoaiiaeaii, ui oe?eeii
eia?/iith aoaea i?iiiceoe?y ia?aoiaoaaoe aii?oecaoe?th ia iaae?th/?
caniae i?aoe?, iaeiae ca a?eueo iecueeeie ii?iaie aii?oecaoe?eieo
a?ae?aooaaiue. Oea iia’ycaii c iaioith aaee/eiith o?ce/iiai ?
ii?aeueiiai ciino iaae?th/eo iniiaieo cania?a a ii??aiyii? c ae?th/eie.

E?euee?nio oa ye?nio oa?aeoa?enoeeo aii?oecaoe?ei?e iie?oeoe? iaaea?
ia?aiee iaoiae ia?aooaaiiy aii?oecaoe??. Aaaaea?ii, ui i?e iaa?oiooaaii?
aeai?o i?aei?e?inoaii iaaiiai iaoiaeo aii?oecaoe?? iaiao?aeii aeoiaeeoe
c ianooiieo iieiaeaiue:

1) yeui iniiai? caniae i?eiinyoue a?eueo? aeioiaee ia ii/aoeo no?ieo ?o
ei?enii? neoaeae, oi iaeaeioe?euei?oa canoiniaoaaoe iaoiaee i?enei?aii?
aii?oecaoe??. Oea iiynith?oueny oei, ui a ia?o? ?iee aenieoaoaoe??
i?iaeoeoeai?noue ? iaea?eueoith, a a e?ioe? no?ieo ei?eniiai
aeei?enoaiiy, ye i?aaeei, c?inoathoue aeo?aoe ia ?aiiio;

2) yeui iaeaooiy aeeiai?ea aeioiaeo ia? o?niee ca’ycie c oaeoe/iith
aaee/eiith aeioneo i?iaeoeoe?? i?ioyaii no?ieo ei?eniiai aeei?enoaiiy
iniiaiiai caniao, iaea?eueo oi/ii? a?aeiia?aeiino? i?ae aeioiaeaie oa
aeo?aoaie iiaeia aeinyaoe, canoiniaoth/e niin?a iaeeieoeue (ianyao)
i?iaeoeoe??;

3) o aeiaaeeao iaiiaeeeaino? ia?aaeaa/aiiy c aeinoaoi?i nooiaiai
iaae?eiino? aeeiai?ee iaeaooi?o aeo?ao, iaoiae ia?aooaaiiy aii?oecaoe??
iiaea aooe ia?aiei, aeoiaey/e c i?inoioe ?ic?aooie?a, ui ni?ey?
cieaeaiith aeo?ao ia aaaeaiiy iae?eo.

A ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiiy c’yniaaii, ui iaoiae niaaeiiai caeeoeo ia a
iiai?e i??? ae??oo? i?iaeaio i?enei?aii? cai?ie canoa??eiai iaeaaeiaiiy,
oiio ui aaca ia?aooaaiiy eiaeiiai ?aco ciaioo?oueny, ui i?e ??aieo
ii?iao aii?oecaoe?? aeoea?a i?ecaiaeeoue aei cia/iiai iiaeiaaeaiiy ?o
no?ieo aenieoaoaoe??. Aeaiee iaoiae ia a?aoiao? o?ce/iiai no?ieo neoaeae
ia’?eo?a, ?ioaineaiino? ?o aeei?enoaiiy, ii?aeueiiai ciino, a ?nio? ye
aeiiii?/ii iaiaa?oioiaaiee iaoaiaoe/iee ?ic?aooiie, ia i?enoiniaaiee aei
?nioth/i? ?aaeueiino?. Aieiaia ?aeay iaoiaeo niaaeiiai caeeoeo a oiiaao
iaa?aeiia?aeiino? iiiaeaoeiaoaaiiai ? aaeainiaiai i?eaooeo ao?a/a?
ci?no. I?aei?e?inoaai iaiao?aeii iaaeaoe naiino?ei?noue o aeai?? iaoiaeo
ia?aooaaiiy aii?oecaoe?? a caeaaeiino? a?ae oaeoi??a, iacaaieo aeua.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “A?aeia?aaeaiiy aii?oecaoe?? iniiaieo cania?a oa
iaiaoa??aeueieo aeoea?a a nenoai? ?aooie?a aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo”
cai?iiiiiaaii iai?yie oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiaeieia?? iae?eo iniiaieo
cania?a, ?o eeaneo?eaoe?? oa aii?oecaoe??; cai?iiiiiaaii caoiaee ii
ooi/iaiith iae?eo aii?oecaoe?? iaiaoa??aeueieo aeoea?a; ?ic?iaeaii
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c oaeineiiaeaiiy ia?aeiiiai iae?eo aii?oecaoe?? ?
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aaoiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie iae?eo aii?oecaoe?? iniiaieo
cania?a ia i?aei?e?inoaao.

?eieiaa ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie coiiaeei iaiao?aei?noue ci?i a
iaoiaeieia?? oa oaoi?oe? aaaeaiiy aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo, cie?aia
iniiaieo cania?a. A aeena?oaoe?? iaaieioo?oueny, ui iaeaaaeeea?oith
ia?aaeoiiaith i?aaeeueiiai aaaeaiiy iae?eo iniiaieo cania?a ?
iaa?oioiaai?noue ?o oa?i?iieia??. Aeeneon?? c oeueiai ieoaiiy
a?aeaoaathoueny aeanyoe??//yie. Iaeiae iaiao?aeii? /?oeino? ?
iine?aeiaiino? a ?o ae??oaii? ia aeinyaiooi. A?aenooi?noue ?aeeii?
oa?i?iieia?? i?e iayaiino? iaoiaee/ii? ? oai?aoe/ii? aace i?ecaiaeeoue
aei ieooaieie ? oneeaaeiaiue, ye? iathoue aooe onoiai?. A
aooaaeoa?nueeiio iae?eo oiiaee – oea aeaea?aea oi?ioaaiiy
ainiiaea?nueeeo cania?a, a iniiai? caniae – oea /anoeia iaeia
i?aei?e?inoaa, ui a?aeia?aaea?oueny, ia a?aei?io a?ae oiiae?a, a aeoea?
aaeaino. C ?ioiai aieo, oiiaee ia iiaeooue ciiooaaoenue, oiio aaoi?
i?iiiio? aaeeaaoe oa?i?i “iniiai? caniae”.

I?eaaaeai? a aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui aei oeueiai /ano
na?aae aeiiii?no?a a?aenooiy ?aei?noue iiaeyae?a uiaei eeaneo?eaoe??
iniiaieo cania?a c iaoith ia?aooaaiiy aii?oecaoe??. Iaeiae no/ania
eeaneo?eaoe?y (iiae?e iniiaieo cania?a ia o?e a?oie) ? aeineoue
aocueeith oa aeiiii?/ii iaiaa?oioiaaiith.

?ic?iaeai? a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? i?eioeeie eeaneo?eaoe?? iniiaieo
cania?a iathoue ianooii? ia?aaaae a ii??aiyii? c ae?th/ith
eeaneo?eaoe??th:

1) aeathoue iiaeeea?noue iiaiiai ioiieaiiy iniiaieo cania?a c oei, uia
ia aeieeaea aaeeea ca ci?noii ? neeaaeii iiceoe?y “?io? iniiai? oiiaee”;

2) aecia/athoue i?eiaeaaei?noue cania?a, a?aeiia?aeii aei yei? eiaeiee
ia’?eo /e eiiieaen iniiaieo cania?a iiaeiai iaeaaeaoe eeoa aei iaei???
aecia/aii? iae?eiai? iiceoe??;

3) iathoue ?aeeio iiaoaeiao ia?ae?eo cania?a, i?e ye?e an? ?o
eeaneo?eaoe?ei? iciaee ? /?oeeie ? iaeiicia/ieie;

4) aeathoue iiaeeea?noue ??ciia?/iiai aeei?enoaiiy nenoaiaoeee cania?a c
oei, uia iiaeia aoei iia’ycaoe iieacieee ii iniiaieo caniaao c ?ioeie
ae?iaie/eie iieacieeaie;

5) iayaia ?ioi?iaoe?y ii iniiaieo caniaao eaaei i?aeeyaa? eiii’thoa?i?e
ia?iaoe?.

O niaoe?aeuei?e e?oa?aoo?? iaia? iaeiicia/ii? aeoiee uiaei
a?aeia?aaeaiiy iaeiaeiaeo ainiiaea?nueeeo iia?aoe?e c ?ooo iniiaieo
cania?a ia ?aooieao aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo. *anoeia a/aieo iiyniththoue
oea ?nioaaiiyi a Oe?a?i? ??ciiiai?oieo oi?i aeaniino?. A aeena?oaoe??
aeiaiaeeoueny aeioe?euei?noue a?aeia?aaeaiiy iaeiaeiaeo ainiiaea?nueeeo
iia?aoe?e a nenoai? ?aooie?a aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo ca ?aeeiith
noaiith, iacaeaaeii a?ae oi?ie aeaniino?.

A ?iaio? i?aee?aneth?oueny iaiao?aei?noue oaeineiiaeaiiy ia?aeiiiai
iae?eo aii?oecaoe??. Aaoi? cai?iiiioaaea ianooiiee ia?aeiiee aeieoiaio
aeey oe?eae ia?aooaaiiy aii?oecaoe?? (oaae. 1).

Oaaeeoey 1

?ic?aooiie aii?oecaoe?? iniiaieo cania?a

ca _______________________ 199o ?.

(eaa?oae)

Oeo? ?aooieoAeae oa a?oia iniiaieo cania?aAaeainiaa aa?o?noue a?oie
iniiaieo cania?a ia ii/aoie ia??iaeo, ui ia?aaeo? ca?oiiio, a?i.Ci?ie
aaeainiai? aa?oino? ca iiia?aaei?e eaa?oae, a?i.Noia aii?oecaoe??,
ia?aoiaaia a ia??iae?, ui ia?aaeo? ca?oiiio, a?i.Aaeainiaa aa?o?noue
a?oie iniiaieo cania?a ia ii/aoie ca?oiiai ia??iaeo, a?i.Ii?ia
aii?oecaoe??, %Noia aii?oecaoe?? aei ia?aooaaiiy o ca?oiiio ia??iae?,
a?i.Aeo?aoe ia i?eaeaaiiy iniiaieo cania?a, eai?oaeueiee ?aiiio oa ?io?
iie?auaiiy i?ioyaii ia??iaeo, ui ia?aaeo? ca?oiiioNoia aeaaaeaieo c
aenieoaoaoe?? iniiaieo cania?a i?ioyaii ia??iaeo, ui ia?aaeo?
ca?oiiio123456789Anueiaio

?ic?aooiie neeaa ________________ “_____” _____________ 199o ?.

(i?aeien)

A aeena?oaoe?? aeieeaaeii aiae?cothoueny iaoiaeieia?/i? aniaeoe iae?eo
aii?oecaoe?? iaiaoa??aeueieo aeoea?a. Aeena?oaio caa?oa? oaaao ia a?eueo
eiyeueia a?aeiioaiiy o?yaeo aei iaoiae?a aii?oecaoe?? iaiaoa??aeueieo
aeoea?a, i?ae aei aii?oecaoe?? iniiaieo cania?a, yea iieyaa? a iaaeaii?
i?aei?e?inoaai naiino?eiino? i?e anoaiiaeaii? ii?i aii?oecaoe??,
a?aenooiino? cieaeoaaeueiiai eiao?oe??ioa oiui.

C iaoith oaeineiiaeaiiy iae?eo aii?oecaoe?? iaiaoa??aeueieo aeoea?a
cai?iiiiiaaii aeae?eaiiy o?ueio a?oi iaiaoa??aeueieo aeoea?a a
caeaaeiino? a?ae niiniao ia?aooaaiiy aii?oecaoe??. Aei ia?oi? a?oie
ne?ae a?aeianoe iaiaoa??aeuei? aeoeae, aa?o?noue yeeo iiaaoa?oueny
oeyoii aeeth/aiiy aii?oecaoe?eieo a?ae?aooaaiue aei nia?aa?oino?
i?iaeoeoe?? (?ia?o, iineoa) c aeei?enoaiiyi ?aooieo “Aii?oecaoe?y
iaiaoa??aeueieo aeoea?a”. Aei ae?oai? – iaiaoa??aeuei? aeoeae, ii yeeo
ia?aoiaai? noie aii?oecaoe?eieo a?ae?aooaaiue iio??aii nienoaaoe
aaciina?aaeiuei a e?aaeeo ?aooieo 04 “Iaiaoa??aeuei? aeoeae” aac
aeei?enoaiiy ?aooieo “Aii?oecaoe?y iaiaoa??aeueieo aeoea?a”, oiaoi
nienoaaoe ??cieoeth i?ae eoi?aaeueiith oe?iith ? ioe?ii/iith aa?o?noth
iaeia, i?eaeaaiiai ia aoeoe?iiao. Aei o?aouei? a?oie – aeoeae, ii yeeo
aii?oecaoe?y ia ia?aoiao?oueny.

Aiae?c na?ae/eoue, ui ai?iaaaeaeoaaoe i?aeia?iaei? noaiaea?oe
aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo aac aeeaieiai anaa?/iiai aiae?co iane?aee?a
oaeiai ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ? ia?icoiiei. ?niothoue aeaa aeoiaee c oeueiai
noaiiaeua:

1) ai?iaaaeaeaiiy INAI i?ney i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueiiai ?o
aei?iaoaaiiy ia iaaaeee?e e?eueeino? oe?a?inueeeo i?aei?e?inoa;

2) ?ic?iaea iaoe?iiaeueieo noaiaea?o?a aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo.

Iaio caeoeiaei ? a?eueo i?ia?aneaiei aeey Oe?a?ie ? ae?oaee aa??aio,
yeee aeicaieeoue a?aoiaoaaoe an? iniaeeaino? iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee. A
?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue a ?iaio? cai?iiiiiaaiee aa??aio
i?iaeoo oe?a?inueeiai noaiaea?oo aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo c aii?oecaoe??,
yeee ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith caaaeueiiai i?iaeoo c iae?eo iniiaieo
cania?a ? iaiaoa??aeueieo aeoea?a.

A ?iaio? iaaieioo?oueny ia iaiao?aeiino? eiii’thoa?ecaoe?? iae?eo
aii?oecaoe??, aeey /iai cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoiaoaaoe i?ia?aie
“1N:Aooaaeoa??y” oa “AYNO 4”. Iaeii/anii aaoi? aaaaea?, ui a no/anieo
oiiaao “1N:Aooaaeoa??y” ia? iaai? iaaeie?ee, ui no?eiothoue ??
canoinoaaiiy aeey eiii’thoa?ecaoe?? iae?eo iniiaieo cania?a oa
iaiaoa??aeueieo aeoea?a. ?aeaaeueiei aeoiaeii c oe??? neooaoe?? ?
?ic?iaea i?iaeoo noaiaea?oo c iae?eo aii?oecaoe?? ? i?enoinoaaiiy
?nioth/eo eiii’thoa?ieo i?ia?ai aei oeueiai noaiaea?oo.

AENIIAEE

A aeine?aeaeaii? ocaaaeueiaii iaeiie/aiee aeina?ae c ieoaiue ?ic?iaee
i?iaeai aii?oecaoe?? oa ciino ? ia oe?e i?aenoaa? aianaii aeani?
i?iiiceoe?? oa ?ic?iaeaii aoaeoeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy
ii?yaeeo ia?aooaaiiy oa iae?eo aii?oecaoe??. Caaaeuei? aeniiaee,
iaea?aeai? a ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ianooii?.

1. Na?aae iaeaaaeeea?oeo oa iaea?eueo aeooaeueieo i?iaeai no?oeoo?ii?
ia?aaoaeiae aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae iaeiei ?c ia?ic?iaeaieo ieoaiue
? iaoai?ci aii?oecaoe?? oa eiai i?noea na?aae ?ioeo o?iainiaeo aeaea?ae
a?aeoai?aiiy. Oai?aoe/i? iniiae aii?oecaoe?? ye eaoaai??? iae?eo
a?oioothoueny ia o?ueio oacao: ciin?, aii?oecaoe?? oa a?aeoeiaeoaaii?. A
?iaio? /?oei aecia/aia a?aei?ii?noue i?ae iiiyooyie “ciin” oa
“aii?oecaoe?y”. C?iaeaii aeniiaie, ui iaeaeaa iiiyooy ? ia?ic?eaieie, ye
aea? noi?iie iaeiiai e oiai ae i?ioeano: aii?oecaoe?ei? a?ae?aooaaiiy,
a?aeaeaath/e aaee/eio ia?aianaii? aa?oino?, iaeii/anii iieacothoue ?
nooi?iue ciino.

2. I?ae aea?aeaaiith aii?oecaoe?eiith iie?oeeith ne?ae ?icoi?oe i?ioean
?ic?iaee ii?i ? i?aaee ia?aooaaiiy aii?oecaoe??, anoaiiaeaiiy ii?yaeeo
aeei?enoaiiy aii?oecaoe?eiiai oiiaeo. Iaaeie?eaie aii?oecaoe?eii?
iie?oeee Oe?a?ie a oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei ?: a)
?aii?oaaiiy aaciaeo aeiiii?/ieo iiiyoue (ia?a?nia aa?o?noue, caeeoeiaa
aa?o?noue, no?ie neoaeae aeoea?a); a) ?? o?neaeueiee oa?aeoa?,
i???ioiaaiee ia iaenei?caoe?th aea?aeaaieo aeioiae?a; a) iaaeio?eiaiiy
aeiia iae?eo uiaei ocaiaeaeaiiy aeaieo neioaoe/iiai oa aiae?oe/iiai
iae?eo; a) iaiaa?oioiaai?noue canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeo niaaeiiai caeeoeo.

3. Ia iniia? ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co ca?oa?aeieo oa a?o/eciyieo iaoiae?a
ia?aooaaiiy aii?oecaoe?? aecia/aii ?o ia?aaaae oa iaaeie?ee ?
iaa?oioiaaii iiaeeea?noue canoinoaaiiy a Oe?a?i?. Iniiaieie oaeoi?aie
aeai?o iaoiaeo aii?oecaoe?? ne?ae aaaaeaoe: a) iaiao?aei?noue
i?eaaaeaiiy o a?aeiia?aei?noue aeioiae?a oa aeo?ao aeey oe?eae
neeaaeaiiy ca?oiino?; a) aaee/eio aeo?ao ia aaaeaiiy aooaaeoa?nueeiai
iae?eo; a) iaiaaeaiiy, ui canoiniaothoueny aei aaee/eie aii?oecaoe?eieo
a?ae?aooaaiue caeiiiaeaanoaii. I?aei?e?inoaai aeioe?eueii iaaeaoe
naiino?ei?noue i?e aeai?? iaoiaeo cae?eniaiiy aii?oecaoe?eieo
a?ae?aooaaiue c cacia/aiiyi oeueiai a iae?eia?e iie?oeoe? i?aei?e?inoaa.

4. Aeey iioei?caoe?? e?eueeino? ii?i aii?oecaoe?? i?iiiio?oueny
cae?enieoe ianooii? caoiaee: ?ic?iaeoe ?ioa?aaeueio nenoaio aeey ii?i
aii?oecaoe?? aeoea?a c a?aeoeeaiiyie a aa?oi?e oa ieaei?e iaaeao, a?eueo
oe?iei aeei?enoiaoaaoe aa?aaiaai? ii?ie, a?aeiiaeoenue a?ae
oeaio?ae?ciaaieo ii?i, ? iaaeaoe i?aei?e?inoaai naiino?eiino? o ?o
anoaiiaeaii?, ia?aaeaa/eoe ei?eaoth/? eiao?oe??ioe aei ii?i
aii?oecaoe??, ui a?aoiaothoue nooi?iue caaaioaaeaiiy ia’?eoa iniiaieo
cania?a, ci?ii?noue oiui.

5. A?aoiaoth/e i?eioeeie ioe?iee iniiaieo cania?a oa iaiaoa??aeueieo
aeoea?a aeey oe?eae ia?aooaaiiy aii?oecaoe??, ?? ne?ae ia?aoiaoaaoe c
a?aeiiaethaaeueii? aa?oino?.

6. C iaoith oaeineiiaeaiiy iae?eo aii?oecaoe?? iniiaieo cania?a ?
iaiaoa??aeueieo aeoea?a i?iiiio?oueny cae?eniaiiy ianooiieo caoiae?a: 1)
cai?noue iaiaaeaiue ia?aooaaiiy aii?oecaoe?? noiith
100 iaiiiaeaoeiaoaaieo i?i?ioi?a aeioiae?a a?iiaaeyi, anoaiiaeoe
aaee/eio oeeo iaiaaeaiue o a?aenioeao a?ae ia?a?nii? (aai
a?aeiiaethaaeueii?) aa?oino?; 2) an? aeo?aoe, iia’ycai? c iie?ioaiiyi
iniiaieo cania?a (iioi/iee ? eai?oaeueiee ?aiiio, ?aeiino?oeoe?y ?
iiaea?i?caoe?y, oaoi?/ia ia?ainiauaiiy), aeeth/aoe aei aaeiaeo aeo?ao ?
nia?aa?oino? i?iaeoeoe??. Oe? aeo?aoe iaiao?aeii iae?eiaoaaoe ca
i?noeyie aeieeiaiiy (oeaoaie, i?ae?icae?eaie ? ca ia’?eoaie); 3)
iaoai?ci i?enei?aii? aii?oecaoe?? canoiniaoaaoe ia eeoa aei ia’?eo?a
a?oie 3, aea e aei ia’?eo?a a?oi 1 ? 2, aiane?aeie oiai, ui aiie oaeaeoa
caciathoue o?ce/iiai ? ii?aeueiiai noa??iiy; 4) iaaeaoe i?aei?e?inoaai
i?aai naiino?eiiai aeai?o ia??iaeo a?aeoeiaeoaaiiy ia?a?nii? aa?oino?
i?e canoinoaaii? i?enei?aii? aii?oecaoe??; 5) aaanoe aeoeaii-ianeaiee
?aooiie “?aae?caoe?y iaeia” aeey i?aei?e?inoa an?o oi?i aeaniino?
cai?noue iae?eo iia?aoe?e c ?aae?caoe?? aeoea?a ia ?aooieao 46 ? 85; 6)
ii ia’?eoao, iae?e yeeo aaaeooue ia noa?aooieao 01-2 ? 01-4, aecia/aoe
?iaeea?aeoaeueio noio ciino, a?aeiiaeaoenue a?ae noeoiii? aaee/eie;
7) oaeineiiaeeoe nenoaio canoinoaaiiy cieaeoaaeueieo eiao?oe??io?a, ui
ei?eaothoue anoaiiaeai? ii?ie aii?oecaoe??; 8) anoaiiaeoe a?aeiia?aeio
nenoaio i?euea iiiaeaoeiaoaaiiai i?eaooeo i?aei?e?inoa a /anoei?
ni?yioaaiiy eioo?a ia eai?oaeuei? ?iaanoeoe??; 9) i?e anoaiiaeaii? ii?i
aii?oecaoe?? aeiaeaoeiai anoaiiaethaaoe eiao?oe??ioe, ui a?aoiaothoue
oiiae aenieoaoaoe?? ia’?eoo oa ci?ii?noue ?iaioe.

7. Aeey oaeineiiaeaiiy iae?eo aii?oecaoe?? iaiaoa??aeueieo aeoea?a
aeioe?eueii cae?enieoe ianooii? iiaiaaaaeaiiy: 1) iaiaoa??aeuei? aeoeae,
ui iathoue aecia/aiee no?ie neoaeae, nienoaaoe oeyoii ia?aooaaiiy ciino
i?ioyaii no?ieo ?o oaeoe/ii? neoaeae aiaeia?/ii iniiaiei caniaai; 2)
e??i e?i?eiiai iaoiaeo, iaaeaoe iiaeeea?noue i?aei?e?inoaai ia?aoiaoaaoe
aii?oecaoe?th aoaeue-yeei ?ioei iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaiei iaoiaeii; 3)
aaanoe aei Ieaio ?aooie?a aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo ?aooiie “Aii?oecaoe?y
iaiaoa??aeueieo aeoea?a” aiaeia?/ii ?aooieo 13 “Ciin iaeioe?iieo ?
oaeaeeiciiooaaieo i?aaeiao?a”.

8. Ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaiiai oanooaaiiy aooaaeoa?nueeeo i?ia?ai “1N:
Aooaaeoa??y” oa AYNO 4 a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? c’yniaaii, ui an?
aooaaeoa?nuee? i?ia?aie iathoue iiaeeea?noue cae?eniaiiy aii?oecaoe?eieo
a?ae?aooaaiue, iaeiae ia o an?o i?ia?aiao ia?aaeaa/aia iiaeeea?noue
aaaaeaiiy ii/aoeiaeo aeaieo oa iaeaaiaeaeaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo aeai?eoi?a,
iaiao?aeieo aeey oaeiai ?ic?aooieo. Oiio ne?ae noai?eoe ?ino?oiaioaeuei?
caniae aeey oi/ii? iano?ieee ia?aiao??a aooaaeoa?nueei? i?ia?aie i?ae
iio?aae iae?eo iniiaieo cania?a (cie?aia, aii?oecaoe??) ia eiie?aoiiio
i?aei?e?inoa?.

9. O ca’yceo c ?ioaa?aoe??th Oe?a?ie o na?oiao aeiiii?eo, ?icoe?aiiyi
e?eueeino? caoe?eaaeaieo ei?enooaa/?a o?iainiai? ca?oiino?, a oaeiae c
iaiao?aei?noth aieiae?iiy iiaiith nenoaiaoeciaaiith ?ioi?iaoe??th aeey
oni?oiiai aaaeaiiy a?ciano ia?aae i?aei?e?inoaaie iinoaea i?iaeaia
ia?aoiaeo ia i?aeia?iaei? noaiaea?oe aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo. Iaea?eueo
i?ia?aneaiei aeey Oe?a?ie aa??aioii ? ?ic?iaea iaoe?iiaeueieo
noaiaea?o?a. A aeena?oaoe?? cai?iiiiiaaii i?iaeo noaiaea?oo c iae?eo
aii?oecaoe??, yeee i?noeoue iien iaoiaeieia?/ieo ieoaiue c iae?eo
aii?oecaoe?? ? ia?aaeaa/a? ieai ae?e, iia’ycaiee c i?aeoe/iith
?aae?caoe??th aeiia noaiaea?oo.

10. Aeioe?eueiei aaaaea?oueny i?eeiyooy Caeiio “I?i aii?oecaoe?th”, yeee
i?aaenoaaeya ae niaith caeiiiaeaa/i caoaa?aeaeaiee ii?yaeie
aii?oecaoe??, a?eueiee a?ae iaaeie?e?a ae?th/i? iaoiaeieia??.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe

1. Aeaianueea I.A. Oaeineiiaeaiiy iae?eo aii?oecaoe??: noai, i?iaeaie,
ia?niaeoeae. Iaoeiaa aeaeaiiy. Ca ?aae. i?io. Aooeioey O.O. – AEeoiie?:
AE?O?, 1998. – 340 n. – 18,9 ae?oe. a?e.

2. Aeaianueea I.A. Iaoiaee ia?aooaaiiy aii?oecaoe?? // A?niee AE?O?.
Aeiiii?/i? iaoee. – 1997. — ? 6. – n. 80-85. – 0,8 ae?oe. a?e.

3. Aeaianueea I.A. Aii?oecaoe?y: nooi?noue, i?e?iaea, aecia/aiiy a
aeiiii?/i?e e?oa?aoo?? // A?niee AE?O?. Aeiiii?/i? iaoee. – 1998. – ? 7.
– n. 77-81. – 0,6 ae?oe. a?e.

4. Aeaianueea I.A. Aii?oecaoe?eiee ia??iae i?e ia?aooaaii? aii?oecaoe??:
i?iaeaia anoaiiaeaiiy // A?niee AE?O?. Aeiiii?/i? iaoee. – 1998. — ? 7.
– n. 90-95. – 0,8 ae?oe. a?e.

5. Aeaianueea I.A. I?iaeaie iae?eo aii?oecaoe?? iaiaoa??aeueieo aeoea?a,
oeyoe ?o ae??oaiiy // A?niee AE?O?. Aeiiii?/i? iaoee. – 1998. — ? 8. –
n. 111-114. – 0,5 ae?oe. a?e.

6. Aooeiaoeue O.O., Aeaianueea I.A. O?iainiaee iae?e. *anoeia 2. Eo?n
eaeoe?e. Iaa/aeueiee iin?aiee aeey nooaeaio?a niaoe?aeueiino? 7.050106
“Iae?e ? aoaeeo”. – AEeoiie?. AE?O?, 1998. – 704 n. – 37,8 ae?oe.a?e.
(iniaenoi aaoi?a — 18,5 ae?oe. a?e.: ia?aaeiiaa, eaeoe?? 9-12)

7. Aooeiaoeue O.O., Oaoeei I.A., Aeaianueea I.A. Iniaeeaino? iae?eo
iniiaieo cania?a ? aii?oecaoe?? // Aooeiaoeue O.O., Oaoeei I.A.
Iiaeaoeiaee iae?e a Oe?a?i?. Iaa/aeueiee iin?aiee aeey nooaeaio?a
niaoe?aeueiino? 7.050106 “Iae?e ? aoaeeo”. – AEeoiie?. AE?O?, 1998. –
928 n. – 50,1 ae?oe. a?e. (iniaenoi aaoi?a — 5,8 ae?oe. a?e.: ?icae?ee
7,8).

AIIOAOe??

Aeaianueea I.A. Oaeineiiaeaiiy iae?eo aii?oecaoe??: noai, i?iaeaie,
ia?niaeoeae (ia i?eeeaae? i?aei?e?inoa i. AEeoiie?a oa AEeoiie?nueei?
iaeano?). – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.06.04 – “Aooaaeoa?nueeee iae?e, aiae?c oa
aoaeeo”. – Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee aeiiii?/iee oi?aa?neoao, Ee?a,
1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii oai?aoe/iei oa i?aeoe/iei ieoaiiyi ia?aooaaiiy
oa iae?eo aii?oecaoe?? a oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei.
Aeine?aeaeaii aeiiii?/io nooi?noue aii?oecaoe?? oa ciino, ?o i?noea oa
?ieue a aooaaeoa?nueeiio iae?eo. I?iaiae?ciaaii iniaeeaino? no/anii?
aii?oecaoe?eii? iie?oeee Oe?a?ie, ?? ia?aaaae oa iaaeie?ee.
Cai?iiiiiaaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c oaeineiiaeaiiy oai??? ? i?aeoeee iae?eo
aii?oecaoe?? iniiaieo cania?a oa iaiaoa??aeueieo aeoea?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aii?oecaoe?y, ciin, ciiooaaiiy, aii?oecaoe?eia iie?oeea,
iaoiaee ia?aooaaiiy aii?oecaoe??, ii?ie aii?oecaoe??, aii?oecaoe?eiee
oiiae.

Auaianeay I.A. Oniaa?oainoaiaaiea o/aoa aii?oecaoeee: ninoiyiea,
i?iaeaiu, ia?niaeoeau (ia i?eia?a i?aaei?eyoee a. AEeoiie?a e
AEeoiie?neie iaeanoe). – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.06.04 – “Aooaaeoa?neee o/ao, aiaeec e aoaeeo”. –
Eeaaneee iaoeeiiaeueiue yeiiiie/aneee oieaa?neoao, Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia oai?aoe/aneei e i?aeoe/aneei aii?inai ia/eneaiey
e o/aoa aii?oecaoeee a oneiaeyo ia?aoiaea e ?uii/iui ioiioaieyi.

A ia?aii ?acaeaea enneaaeiaaia yeiiiie/aneay nouiinoue aii?oecaoeee e
eciina, eo ianoi e ?ieue a aooaaeoa?neii o/aoa.

A ?aaioa ioia/aaony, /oi ?ac?aaioea oai?aoe/aneeo i?iaeai aii?oecaoeee e
eciina nia?aiaiiuie yeiiiienoaie iai?aaeaia ia aiaeec oaeoe/aneeo
oaiaeaioeee aa ia/eneaiey aac aeoaieiai eco/aiey oai?ee. Ii yoie i?e/eia
aaoi? iiaeaeaao e?eoeea ioaeaeueiua iieiaeaiey aeaoeieoeee
“aii?oecaoeey”, ?ane?uaaao eo iaaeinoaoee e i?aeiouanoaa e i?aaenoaaeyao
ooi/iaiiia ii?aaeaeaiea oa?ieia “aii?oecaoeey”. Enoiaey ec
i?aaenoaaeaiiie aeaoeieoeee, oi?ioee?othony iniiaiua oa?aeoa?iua
i?eciaee aeaiiie yeiiiie/aneie eaoaai?ee.

A oiaea enneaaeiaaiey iainiiaaii, /oi oai?aoe/aneea iniiau aii?oecaoeee
eae eaoaai?ee o/aoa aace?othony ia o?ao oacao: eciina, aii?oecaoeee e
aiciauaiee. Ia iniiaa aiaeeca o/aoii-yeiiiie/aneie eeoa?aoo?u ?ane?uoa
acaeiinaycue iaaeaeo auoai?eaaaeaiiuie iiiyoeyie. Aaoi? aeieacuaaao, /oi
eciin e aii?oecaoeey – ia oiaeaeanoaaiiua eaoaai?ee, oae eae aaee/eia
aii?oecaoeee ioeeiiyaony io aaee/eiu eciina oaeei aea ia?acii, eae oeaia
ioeeiiyaony io noieiinoe. A ?aaioa i?aaeeiaeaia iaoiaeeea ii?aaeaeaiey
aaee/eiu eciina n?aaenoa i?iecaiaenoaa.

Ai aoi?ii ?acaeaea aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaiou i?iaiaeece?iaaiu iniaaiiinoe
nia?aiaiiie aii?oecaoeeiiiie iieeoeee Oe?aeiu, aa i?aeiouanoaa e
iaaeinoaoee. Aeoeaioe?oaony aieiaiea ia oii, /oi inouanoaeyaiay
i?aaeoaeuenoaii Oe?aeiu aii?oecaoeeiiiay iieeoeea eaii?e?oao iauaeoeaiua
yeiiiie/aneea caeiiu e iineo oeneaeueiue oa?aeoa?. A aeenna?oaoeee
ioia/aii, /oi nouanoaoao iauaeoeaiay iaiaoiaeeiinoue a eciaiaiee
i?eioeeiia aii?oecaoeeiiiie iieeoeee ainoaea?noaa n oeaeueth
i?aaeinoaaeaiey ae noeioee?othuaai oa?aeoa?a.

A ?aaioa i?iaaaeai n?aaieoaeueiue aiaeec ioa/anoaaiiuo e ca?oaaaeiuo
iaoiaeia ia/eneaiey aii?oecaoeee, ii?aaeaeaiu i?enouea ei iaaeinoaoee e
i?aeiouanoaa e iainiiaaia aiciiaeiinoue eniieueciaaiey a Oe?aeia.
Aaoi?ii enneaaeiaaiu e nenoaiaoece?iaaiu iniiaiua oaeoi?u, o/eouaaaiua
i?e auai?a iaoiaea aii?oecaoeee, e aeieacaia iauaeoeaiay iio?aaiinoue a
aeaoeaio?aeecaoeee auoa?anniio?aiiuo iaoiaeia.

Aieueoia aieiaiea a aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaioa oaeaeaii aii?inai
iioeiecaoeee eiee/anoaa ii?i aii?oecaoeee, i?eaioe?iaaiiuo ia onei?aiiia
iaiiaeaiea oaoieee, eo yaiethoeee, a oaeaea auai?o ioeaiee iniiaiuo
n?aaenoa e iaiaoa?eaeueiuo aeoeaia aeey oeaeae ia/eneaiey aii?oecaoeee.

A o?aoueai ?acaeaea i?iaaaeaii enneaaeiaaiea iauaeoia ia/eneaiey
aii?oecaoeee: iniiaiuo n?aaenoa, iaiaoa?eaeueiuo aeoeaia e /anoe/ii
iaeioeaiiuo auno?ieciaoeaathueony i?aaeiaoia. Oaeaea ?anniio?aiu
oeiainiaua aii?inu ia?aciaaiey, ?ani?aaeaeaiey e eniieueciaaiey
aii?oecaoeeiiiiai oiiaea. I?aaeeiaeaiu eiie?aoiua ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii
oniaa?oainoaiaaieth oai?ee e i?aeoeee o/aoa aii?oecaoeee iniiaiuo
n?aaenoa e iaiaoa?eaeueiuo aeoeaia.

Aaoi? ia iniiaa aiaeeca ?yaea i?aaei?eyoee AEeoiie?neie iaeanoe i?eoea e
auaiaeo, /oi a oneiaeyo eniieueciaaiey YAI iiaue ii?yaeie o/aoa
aii?oecaoeee oaeiaai eeoue n iiceoeee oi?iuaiey eiio?iey iauae aa noiiu
iaeiaiaie aaeieieno?aoeeae. A ?aaioa noi?ioee?iaaiu iniiaiua o?aaiaaiey
e eiiiuethoa?iui i?ia?aiiai n oeaeueth inouanoaeaiey aii?oecaoeeiiiuo
io/eneaiee aeey iieo/aiey i?aaei?eyoeai iieiie eioi?iaoeee aeey i?eiyoey
oi?aaeai/aneeo ?aoaiee.

A aeenna?oaoeee aeieacaia iaiaoiaeeiinoue ?ac?aaioee iaoeeiiaeueiiai
noaiaea?oa ii o/aoo aii?oecaoeee. I?aaeeiaeai aa?eaio i?iaeoa
auoaiacaaiiiai noaiaea?oa, eioi?ue i?aaenoaaeyao niaie ninoaaioth /anoue
iauaai i?iaeoa ii o/aoo iniiaiuo n?aaenoa e iaiaoa?eaeueiuo aeoeaia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aii?oecaoeey, eciin, niaoeaaiea, aii?oecaoeeiiiay
iieeoeea, iaoiaeu ia/eneaiey aii?oecaoeee, ii?iu aii?oecaoeee,
aii?oecaoeeiiiue oiiae.

Vygovska N.G. Improvement of depreciation accounting: state, problems,
perspectives (on examples of enterprises in Zhytomyr and Zhytomyr
region). – Manuscript.

Candidate dissertation thesis in Economics, specialty 08.06.04 –
“Accounting, Analysis and Auditing”. – Ko?v National Economy University,
Kyiv, 1999.

The Thesis is devoted to theoretical and practical questions and also to
depreciation problems in transition to market economy. The economic
nature of depreciation, wear and tear, their place in Accounting is
researched in the thesis. Peculiarities of modern depreciation policy of
Ukraine, its advantages and disadvantages are analysed in this work and
also some recommendations on improvement of theory and practice of
assets’ and LVIs depreciation, intangible asset’ amortization are
offered in the thesis.

Key words: depreciation, amortization, wear and tear, depreciation
policy, depreciation methods, depreciation norms, and depreciation fund.

_____________________________________________________________________

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 15.01.99

Oi?iao 60o90/16.

Oi. ae?oe. a?e. 1,0. Oe?aae 100 i?ei.

Caiiaeaiiy ? 1-7

_____________________________________________________________________

?aaeaeoe?eii-aeaeaaie/ee a?aeae?e AE?O?

262005, i. AEeoiie?, aoe. *a?iyoianueeiai, 103

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