AeA?AEAAIA AEAAeAI?ss EAAEI? I?IIENEIAINO? OE?A?IE

A?EAAE* AEEA TH???AIA

OAeE 687. 016. 5

OAeINEIIAEAIIss IAOIAe?A I?IAEOOAAIIss AACIAEO EIINO?OEOe?EAA?OIUeIAI
AE?II*IAI IAessAO

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.19.04 — oaoiieia?y oaaeieo ae?ia?a

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aea?aeaai?e aeaaeai?? eaaei? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie
(AeAEIO) I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe aeioeaio

Eoci?oeiaa Iiiia Aeieo??aia, AeAEIO,

eaoaae?a oaoiieia?? oa eiino?othaaiiy

oaaeieo ae?ia?a.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe i?ioani? Ua?aaiue Aieiaeeie? TH??eiae/, AeAEIO,
caa?aeoaa/ naeoi?ii oai?aoe/ii? iaoai?ee eaoaae?e o?ceee;

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe aeioeaio I?uaiei Aaiia ?ee?aia,
Oiaeueieoeueeee ?inoeooo eiino?othaaiiy oa iiaeaethaaiiy oaaeieo
ae?ia?a, i?i?aeoi?.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Oaoiieia?/iee oi?aa?neoao “Iiae?eey” I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i.
Oiaeueieoeueeee.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “17” eenoiiaaea 1999 ?. i 10 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.102.04 o Aea?aeaai?e aeaaeai??
eaaei? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie, 252011, i. Ee?a — 11, aoe.
Iaie?iae/a-Aeai/aiea, 2.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? AeAEIO, i. Ee?a,
aoe. Iaie?iae/a-Aeai/aiea, 2.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “10” aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee, e.o.i. i?ioani? AEo?aanueeee A.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. A?aeiia?aeii aei I?ia?aie ?icaeoeo eaaei?
i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie aei 2000 ?ieo iaeei c i?ei??oaoieo iai?yie?a
iieyaa? o i?aeaeuai? eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? ? yeino? oiaa??a oe?ieiai
aaeeoeo. O oeueiio ca’yceo ?ic?iaea oa inai?iiy iiaeo oi?i aeeiiaiiy
i?iaeoieo ?ia?o i?e noai?aii? iaeyao, ui a?oioothoueny ia aeei?enoaii?
no/anieo oaoi?/ieo cania?a, ? aaaeeeaei caaaeaiiyi, yea noi?oue ia?aae
i?aoe?aieeaie oaaeii? aaeoc?.

Ii?yae ?c caaaeueieie aeiiaaie, ui aenoaathoueny aei ae?ia?a
i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa (ei?eni?noue, iaae?ei?noue, aeaiaea
aeei?enoaiiy), i?e i?iaeooaaii? iaeyao iniaeeaa cia/aiiy ia? oaeiae
caaeiaieaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo iniaenoeo aeiia niiaeeaa/?a. Ie?aia i?noea
na?aae ieo iin?aeathoue aeiiae ooaeiaeiuei-anoaoe/iiai ii?yaeeo, ui
/eiaeith i??ith oneeaaeith? i?ioean i?iieneiai? ?ic?iaee iaeyao.

?icaeoie iaoee, oaoi?ee, oaoiieia?? i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa aecia/ea
iiaeeea?noue ae??oaiiy icia/aii? i?iaeaie c aeei?enoaiiyi i?eioeei?a oa
iaoiae?a oeiiaiai i?iaeooaaiiy. I?e oeueiio aieiaia caaaeaiiy iieyaa? o
iiia?aaei?e ?iaeaia?ii-oaoi?/i?e ?ic?iaoe? aaciaeo c?ace?a iaeyao. Ia
?oi?e iniia? noai?ththoueny ??ciiiai?oi? iiaeae?-iiaeeo?eaoe?? c
o?aooaaiiyi ?icaeoeo ooaeiaeiueiai noeeth, ci?ie aeiia niiaeeaa/?a oa
?ioeo /eiiee?a.

O iei?oi?e /an o?oaeii?noe?noue i?aeaioiaee aaciaeo eiino?oeoe?e o
caaaeueiiio i?ioean? noai?aiiy iaeyao noaiiaeoue aeecueei 60-70%. I?e
oeueiio oa?aeoa?iith iniaeea?noth ? aeei?enoaiiy o?aaeeoe?eieo iaoiae?a
eiino?othaaiiy, caniiaaieo ia ieiueiiiio ae??oaii? caaea/ ia’?iiiai
i?iaeooaaiiy.

A?aoiaoth/e aaaeeea?noue yeiaeiiai?oiai caaeiaieaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo
aeiia niiaeeaa/?a i?e ?ic?iaoe? iaeyao i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa, a
oaeiae iaiao?aei?noue i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? aeeiiaiiy i?iaeoieo ?ia?o
aeooaeueieie ? nai?/anieie ? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ni?yiiaai? ia ae??oaiiy
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo caaaeaiue uiaei iiaeaeueoiai oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a
i?iaeooaaiiy aaciaeo eiino?oeoe?e iaeyao c aeei?enoaiiyi no/anii?
ia/enethaaeueii? oaoi?ee.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eio
?iaioo aeeiiaii ca?aeii c oaiaoe/iei Ieaiii aea?aeathaeaeaoieo
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie aei 2000 ?oeo, ye?
cae?eniai? o Aea?aeaai?e aeaaeai?? eaaei? i?iieneiaino? ca iai?yieii
“Iia? iaoeii?noe? oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa iaoa??ae?a, ae?ia?a oe?ieiai
aaeeoeo oa niaoe?aeueiiai i?ecia/aiiy”.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiaia iaoa ?iaioe iieyaaea a
oaeineiiaeaii? iaoiae?a ?ic?iaee aaciaeo eiino?oeoe?e ae?ii/iai
aa?oiueiai iaeyao o nenoai? aaoiiaoeciaaiiai i?iaeooaaiiy ia iniia?
anoaiiaeaiiy caeaaeiinoae i?ae eiino?oeoeaieie ia?aiao?aie ae?ia?a.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe o ?iaio? ia?aaeaa/aia ae??oaiiy oaeeo
caaaeaiue:

1. Eiie?aoecaoe?y neeaaeo oa ci?noo iniiaieo aeo?aeieo aeaieo, ui
aecia/athoueny iniaenoeie aeiiaaie niiaeeaa/?a ? iaiao?aeieo aeey
ae??oaiiy ooaeiaeiuei-anoaoe/ieo caaaeaiue oeiiaiai i?iaeooaaiiy iaeyao.

2. Oi?ioaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eii-a?ao?/iiai ianeao aeaieo i?i
ooaeiaeiuei-eiino?oeoeaia ??oaiiy aaciaeo oi?i iaeyao.

3. ?ic?iaea iaoaiaoe/iiai, ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai ? i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy
aeey iiaoaeiae ?icai?oie iiaa?oi? aaciaeo oi?i iaeyao o nenoai?
aaoiiaoeciaaiiai i?iaeooaaiiy.

4. ?ic?iaea i?eioeeiiai? no?oeoo?ii? iine?aeiaiino? noai?aiiy aaciaeo
eiino?oeoe?e aa?oiueiai ae?ii/iai iaeyao ia noaae?? ane?ciiai i?iaeoo.

sse ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiue ia?ai? eiino?oeoe?? aaciaeo iiaeaeae
aa?oiueiai ae?ii/iai iaeyao (ci?no ?ia?o, iaoiaee oa caniae ?oiueiai
i?iaeooaaiiy).

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui a i?e aeeeaaeai? ? oai?aoe/ii
iaa?oioiaai? no?oeoo?a oa ci?no oai?/eo ?ia?o ia noaae?? ane?ciiai
i?iaeoo, ni?yiiaai? ia noai?aiiy aaciaeo eiino?oeoe?e iaeyao, ?
?ic?iaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ?o aeeiiaiiy, o oiio /ene?:

· niin?a oa?aeoa?enoeee aoaeiae o?ao?e niiaeeaa/a uiaei eiino?othaaiiy
iaeyao ??cieo aeae?a, a iniia? yeiai eaaeeoue i?eioeei ae?eaiiy iiaa?oi?
o?ao?e ethaeeie ca aio?iiiii?oieie iiynaie c anoaiiaeaiiyi oa?aeoa?ieo
oi/ie oa e?i?e ia?aoiaeo;

· iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy aaciaeo aa??aio?a oi?i iaeyao, yea caaacia/o?
iiaeeea?noue i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ni?eueii? ?iaioe niaoe?ae?no?a i?e
noai?aii? iiaeo c?ace?a ae?ia?a ia iniia? a?eueo iiaii? e?euee?nii?
oa?aeoa?enoeee oi?i iaeyao, ui i?iaeoo?oueny;

· iaoiae iiaoaeiae ?icai?oie iiaa?oi? iaeyao, caniiaaiee ia anoaiiaeaieo
caeiiii??iinoyo ? aeyaeaieo iiaeo ooieoe?iiaeueii coiiaeaieo ca’yce?a
i?ae eiino?oeoeaieie ia?aiao?aie iaeyao (ia i?eeeaae? iniiaii? ae?eyiee
iea/iaeo ae?ia?a), ui caaacia/o? i?i?iaeuei? iioeaee i?e caaeai?e
oi/iino? iiaoaeiae;

· iaoiae iiaoaeiae aeaoaeae aaciaeo eiino?oeoe?e iaeyao, caniiaaiee ia
iiaeoeueiiio i?eioeei?, iniaeea?noue yeiai aecia/a?oueny oaeineiiaeaiith
iine?aeiai?noth ?ic?iaee aeaoaeae eiino?oeoe?? ae?iao o nenoai?
aaoiiaoeciaaiiai i?iaeooaaiiy ca ?aooiie aeeo/aiiy aoai?a iiaoaeiae
e?i?eiiai ea?eano o?ao?e ethaeeie oa iaeyao.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? o oiio, ui:

· cai?iiiiiaaiee neeaae oa ci?no ?ioi?iaoe?? uiaei i?iaeooaaiiy iaeao?a
oeiiaeo o?ao?, i?iieneiaeo iaiaeai?a aeey iaeyao, a oaeiae aeey ?ic?iaee
iiaeo noaiaea?o?a, ye? a?aeaeaathoue oa?aeoa?enoeeo ae?ii/eo o?ao? uiaei
oiia i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa;

· i?aeaioiaeaiee ?ioi?iaoe?eii-a?ao?/iee ianea aeaieo aeey a?eueo iiaii?
e?euee?nii? oa?aeoa?enoeee oi?ie c?acea iaeyao, ui i?iaeoo?oueny, (ia
i?eeeaae? iea/iai? ae?eyiee aa?oi?o ae?ii/eo ae?ia?a) o aeaeyae?
a?ae?ioaee (eaoaeiao) aaciaeo aa??aio?a ?? ooaeiaeiuei-eiino?oeoeaiiai
??oaiiy;

· ?ic?iaeai? aeai?eoie oa i?ia?aie aeey ai?ieneiaoe?? iniiaii? ae?eyiee
iii?ii? iiaa?oi? oeiiai? (?iaeea?aeoaeueii?) ae?ii/i? o?ao?e ? iea/iai?
ae?eyiee ae?iao o?eaei??ieie aaiiao?e/ieie ia?acaie; aeey iiaoaeiae
?icai?oie iea/iai? ae?eyiee iaeyao ??cieo aeae?a oa
ooaeiaeiuei-eiino?oeoeaieo ??oaiue. Aiie noaee iniiaith ?ic?iaee iiai?
oi?ie aeeiiaiiy i?iaeoieo ?ia?o ?c canoinoaaiiyi no/anieo
ia/enethaaeueieo cania?a ia noaae?? ane?ciiai i?iaeoo.

?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe i?ieoee ai?iaaoe?th o ae?iaie/eo oiiaao AeCAIOOO
“Aei?i?i” (i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee), NOOAO “Aania” (i. Euea?a),
oe?a?inueei-a?ei?onueeii AOC “Iienoa?n” (i. Ee?a), OIA “Ia?eiea” (i.
Ee?a).

Oai?aoe/i? oa i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaothoueny o
iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? AeAEIO i?e aeeiiaii? eaai?aoi?ieo ?ia?o, eo?niaeo
? aeeieiiieo i?iaeo?a.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? o iinoaiiaoe? oa ae??oaii?
oai?aoe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo caaaeaiue. Noaoo? iioae?eiaai? o
ni?aaaoi?noa? ?c I.Ae.Eoci?oeiaith, i?aeaioiaeai? i?e ?? aaciina?aaei?e
o/ano? ye iaoeiaiai ea??aieea.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeiiia?aeaeeny, iaaiai?ai? oa io?eiaee iiceoeaio ioe?ieo ia II-io
I?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi? “Oai?/?noue. Oaoiieia?y. Ia?eaoeia” Oaoi?/iiai
Oi?aa?neoaoo Iieaeiae o 1997 ?. (i. Eeoei?a), ia XI-e I?aeia?iaei?e
eiioa?aioe?? Oaoi?/iiai Oi?aa?neoaoo “A. Anaee” c oaenoeeth oa oe??e o
1997 ?. (i. ssnne, ?oioi?y), ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo iieiaeeo o/aieo
oa nooaeaio?a AeAEIO (1997 – 1999 ??.).

O iiaiiio ianyc? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeeny ?
noaaeai? ia iaoeiaiio nai?ia?? eaoaae?e oaoiieia?? ? eiino?othaaiiy
oaaeieo ae?ia?a (aa?acaiue, 1999 ?.), ? ia i?aeeaoaae?aeueiiio iaoeiaiio
nai?ia?? (ea?oaiue, 1999 ?.)

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 6 ae?oeiaaieo ?ia?o.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, oanoe
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae oa aeiaeaoe?a.

Iniiaia /anoeia ?iaioe aeeeaaeaia ia 153 noi??ieao, i?noeoue 43 ?enoiea,
13 oaaeeoeue. Ia?ae?e e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae iae?/o? 136 iaeiaioaaiue.
Aeiaeaoee iaaaaeai? ia 59 noi??ieao.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?aaenoaaeaiee
noeneee aiae?c i?iaeaie, noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aecia/aii iaoeiao iiaecio oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo
?acoeueoao?a.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? cae?eniaiee iaeyae iaoa??ae?a uiaei i?iaeaie oeiiaiai
i?iaeooaaiiy oa aiae?c aeina?aeo i?iieneiaino? uiaei aeei?enoaiiy
aaciaeo c?ace?a iaeyao i?e noai?aii? iiaeaeae-iiaeeo?eaoe?e.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeooaeueieie ? aeaa oeeeee ?ia?o, ye? ni?yiiaai? ia
a?eueo iiaia caaeiaieaiiy aeiia niiaeeaa/?a aei no/aniiai iaeyao,
aeeth/ath/e iniaeno? aeiiae ooaeiaeiuei-anoaoe/iiai ii?yaeeo.

Aei ia?oiai oeeeeo aoiaeyoue ?iaioe uiaei i?iaeooaaiiy aaciaeo c?ace?a
iaeyao, o o./. uiaei ia?niaeoeaiiai i?iaeooaaiiy ani?oeiaioo iaeyao c
o?aooaaiiyi eiai oe?eueiaeo ooieoe?e oa eiie?aoieo oiia aeei?enoaiiy.
Oea ? oeeee ia?niaeoeaiiai i?iaeooaaiiy.

Aei ae?oaiai oeeeeo aoiaeyoue ?iaioe uiaei aaciina?aaeiueiai
i?iaeooaaiiy ia iniia? aeaieo i?i aacia? c?acee ??ciiiai?oieo
iiaeaeae-iiaeeo?eaoe?e iaeyao. Oea oeeee iioi/iiai i?iaeooaaiiy.

I/aaeaeii, ui ye?noue ?ia?o, ye? aeeiiothoueny o ae?oaiio oeeee?,
aaeeeith i??ith caeaaeeoue a?ae yeino? i?iaeooaaiiy aaciaeo c?ace?a
iaeyao, ui ? aecia/eei iai?yiie iiaeaeueoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Aeyaeaii, ui aeeiiai? o ??ciee /an iaoeiai-aeine?aei? ?iaioe uiaei
oaeineiiaeaiiy i?iaeooaaiiy aaciaeo c?ace?a iaeyao aecia/eee aeaa
iai?yiee oai?/i? ae?yeueiino? o oe?e noa??.

Ia?oee iai?yiie iia’ycaiee ?c oi?ioaaiiyi oa eiie?aoecaoe??th aeo?aeieo
aeaieo iaiao?aeieo aeey noai?aiiy aaciaeo c?ace?a iaeyao. Aeyaeaii, ui o
i?ioean? ae??oaiiy ooaeiaeiuei-anoaoe/ieo caaaeaiue i?iaeooaaiiy
iniaeeao ?ieue a?ae?a?athoue aeo?aei? aeai? i?i iiaa?oith o?ao?e
ethaeeie oa i?i iiaa?oith ciai?oiuei? oi?ie iaeyao.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui iayaia ia nueiaiaei? ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i oa?aeoa?enoeeo
iiaa?oi? o?ao? oeiiai? o?eiaoaeiae iaaeinoaoiy ye aeey ?ic?iaee iaeyao,
oae ? aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue c i?iaeai eiino?othaaiiy. O
oeueiio ca’yceo aeiaaathoue ae??oaiiy caaaeaiiy iia’ycai? c
eiie?aoecaoe??th aeaieo i?i aoaeiao iiaa?oi? o?ao?e ethaeeie.

Ui noino?oueny oa?aeoa?enoeee oi?ie i?iaeoiaaiiai iaeyao, oi ia?ac aiia,
ye i?aaeei, i?aaenoaaeaia ane?cii, yeee ?ic?iaeaiee ooaeiaeieeii.
Iaaeinoaoi?e ianya iayaieo i?e oeueiio e?euee?nieo aeaieo aecia/a?
aeooaeuei?noue ae??oaiiy caaaeaiue uiaei eiie?aoecaoe?? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i
ooaeiaeiuei-eiino?oeoeaia ??oaiiy oi?ie iaeyao, ui aeei?enoiao?oueny ia
noaae?? ane?ciiai i?iaeoo.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ioiai iai?yieo i?enay/ai? ?icaeoeo i?eioeei?a oa
aaeineiiaeaiith iaoiae?a i?iaeooaaiiy aaciaeo eiino?oeoe?e iaeyao.

Ia nueiaiaei? iaa?iiaaeaeaii /eiaeee i?aeoe/iee iaoa??ae uiaei ?ic?iaee
aaciaeo eiino?oeoe?e iaeyao. Aea aiane?aeie i?eaeeciiai
?ic?aooieiai-a?ao?/iiai oa?aeoa?o o?aaeeoe?eieo iaoiae?a, ci?ia
eiino?oeoeaieo ia?aiao??a iaeyao aaeeeith i??ith caeaaeeoue a?ae ??aiy
eaae?o?eaoe?? oa noa’?eoeaieo iniaeeainoae oao?aoe?a.

Aeey aoaeoeaiiai ae??oaiiy caaaeaiue oeiiaiai i?iaeooaaiiy aaaeeeaa
noai?aiiy iao?aaeeoe?eiuo iaoiae?a ?ic?aooieo eiino?oeoe?e ae?ia?a ?c
canoinoaaiiyi no/anii? ia/enethaaeueii? oaoi?ee. Aiae?c ?nioth/eo
iaoiae?a ?ic?iaee aeaoaeae iaeyao o nenoai? aaoiiaoeciaaiiai
i?iaeooaaiiy (OeIAe?OI, Oe?IAe?OI-EO?EI oa ?i.) aeyaea, ui, iacaaaeath/e
ia ??ciee ia?ae?e ?ia?o, ye? i?e oeueiio aeeiiothoueny, ?i i?eoaiaiia
ni?eueia iine?aeiai?noue ia?a?iaee ?ioi?iaoe??, a naia: iiaa?oiy o?ao?e
ethaeeie – iiaa?oiy ciai?oiuei? oi?ie iaeyao, ui i?iaeoo?oueny —
?icai?oee iiaa?oi? ciai?oiuei? oi?ie iaeyao.

Aeeiiaiee aiae?c iaoa??ae?a uiaei ?icaeyaeoaaii? i?iaeaie aeicaieea
ooi/ieoe iaoo ? aecia/eoe oeyoe ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? aeeeaaeai? iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy noiniaii
ae??oaiiy ia?oiai caaaeaiiy ni?yiiaaiiai ia eiie?aoecaoe?th neeaaeo oa
ci?noo aeo?aeieo aeaieo, ui aecia/athoueny iniaenoeie aeiiaaie
niiaeeaa/?a ? iaiao?aeieo aeey noai?aiiy aaciaeo c?ace?a iaeyao. C
oe??th iaoith aeeiiaii aiae?c iniiaieo niinia?a oa?aeoa?enoeee iiaa?oi?
o?ao?e ethaeeie oa iiaa?oi? oi?ie iaeyao, ui i?iaeoo?oueny.

O ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy cai?iiiiiaaii neeaae
?ioi?iaoe?? noiniaii aoaeiae iiaa?oi? o?ao?e ethaeeie. Aeey
eiino?othaaiiy iaeyao ??cieo aeae?a aoa ii?aoeueiaaiee niin?a
oa?aeoa?enoeee iiaa?oi? ae?ii/i? o?ao?e. A?i a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae
o?aaeeoe?eieo oei, ui o eiai iniia? eaaeeoue i?eioeei iiae?eo iiaa?oi?
o?ao?e ethaeeie ia aio?iiiii?oi? iiyne c aeae?eaiiyi oa?aeoa?ieo oi/ie
oa e?i?e ia?aoiaeo (?en. 1, oaae. 1, 2).

?en. 1 Aio?iiiii?oi? iiyne ae?ii/i? o?ao?e

Oaaeeoey 1

Aio?iiiiao?e/i? oi/ee, aeei?enoiaoaai? aeey eieae?caoe?? aio?iiiii?oieo
iiyn?a ae?ii/i? o?ao?e

Oiiaia iicia/aiiy aio?iiiiao?e/ieo oi/ieIaeiaioaaiiy aio?iiiiao?e/ieo
oi/iea?aeiia?aeii aei noaiaea?o?a eaoeinueeacai?iiiiiaaia (?en.
1)ave1aa?o?aeiaa

gn2i?aeai??aeae?aa

nu3iioeee/iaana4oeeiaa

5iniiae oe? caieooe

6iniiae oe? nia?aaeoia?7caaei?e eoo i?aeiaoiai? caiaaeeie

de8aeaeueoi?aeiaiaa9ia?aaei?e eoo i?aeiaoiai? caiaaeeien

10“ei??iue” a?oaeii? caeiceo

11iniiae a?oaeii? caeice

is12eeoaiai-a?aaaiaaa

13aenioe i?aen?aeie/ii? neeaaeeeera14i?iiaiaaaosr15oeeiiiae?aia
?aae?aeueia

da16iaeueoeueiaai

17eie?iia

dl18iaaenooiiaaa ciai?oiyOaaeeoey 2

Eieae?caoe?y aio?iiiii?oieo iiyn?a ae?ii/i? o?ao?e

Iaeiaioaaiiy aio?iiiii?oieo iiyn?a (?en. 1)Iaeiaioaaiiy aio?iiiiao?e/ieo
oi/ie, /a?ac ye? i?ioiaeyoue iaae? aio?iiiii?oieo iiyn?aI?ei?oeeaa?oiy
iaaeaieaeiy iaaeaAio?iiiii?oi? iiyne aieiae

I – aieiaieeaa?o?aeiaai?aeai??aeae?aa, iioeee/ia

II – oeeieei?aeai??aeae?aa, iioeee/iaoeeia, iniiae oe? caieo, iniiae oe?
nia?aaeoieaeiy iaaea — ii e?i?? IOAio?iiiii?oi? iiyne ooeoao

III – iea/iaeeoeeia, iniiae oe? caieo, iniiae oe? nia?aaeocaaei?e eoo
i?aeiaoiai? caiaaeeie, aeaeueoi?aeia, ia?aaei?e eoo i?aeiaoiai?
caiaaeeie, “ei??iue” a?oaeii? caeiceaa?oiy iaaea — ii e?i?? OO

ieaeiy iaaea — ii e?i?? OA1IV – a?oaeieecaaei?e eoo i?aeiaoiai?
caiaaeeie, aeaeueoi?aeia, ia?aaei?e eoo i?aeiaoiai? caiaaeeie, “ei??iue”
a?oaeii? caeiceiniiae a?oaeii? caeiceaa?oiy iaaea — ii e?i?? IA1

ieaeiy iaaea — ii e?i?? IAIVV – oae??aeeiniiae a?oaeii?
caeiceeeoaiai-a?aaaiaaaaa?oiy iaaea — ii e?i?? OAIVVI –
oacinoaaiiaeeeeoaiai-a?aaaiaaaaenioe i?aen?aeie/ii? neeaaeeeieaeiy iaaea
— ii e?i?? InoAio?iiiii?oi? iiyne ?oee

VII – iea/i-e?eoueiaeeaeaeueoi?aeiai?iiaiaaaaa?oiy iaaea — ii e?i??
IIVIII – ia?aaeie?/ieei?iiaiaaaoeeiiiae?aia ?aae?aeueiaieaeiy iaaea — ii
e?i?? ICAIIX – eenoueiaeeoeeiiiae?aia ?aae?aeueiaiaeueoeueiaaaa?oiy
iaaea — ii e?i?? ICAIAio?iiiii?oi? iiyne iiae

X – noaaiiaeeaenioe i?aen?aeie/ii? neeaaeeeeie?iiaaa?oiy iaaea — ii
e?i?? Ino

ieaeiy iaaea — ii e?i?? IeXI – aii?eeiaeeeie?iiaiaaenooiiaaa
ciai?oiyaa?oiy iaaea — ii e?i?? IEIa’?eoeaia ioe?iea niinia?a ? cania?a
ooaeiaeiuei-eiino?oeoeaii? oa?aeoa?enoeee iiaa?oi? iaeyao, a ?acoeueoao?
yei? oaeineiiaeaia ?oiy eeaneo?eaoe?y, aeicaieeea eiie?aoecoaaoe neeaae
oa ci?no a?aeiia?aeii? ?ioi?iaoe?? ia noaae?? ane?ciiai i?iaeoo.

I?e oeueiio, ie??i ?ic?iaee ooaeiaeieeii ane?co aaciaiai c?acea iaeyao,
cai?iiiiiaaii noai?aiiy oa aeei?enoaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eii-a?ao?/iiai ianeao
aeaieo, ui i?noeoue aacia? aa??aioe ooaeiaeiuei-eiino?oeoeaiiai ??oaiiy
??cieo ae?eyiie (iiaeoe?a) oi?ie iaeyao. Cacia/ai? aeai? iiaeii?
aecia/aoeny o ?acoeueoao? oai?/eo ?ia?o iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai oa?aeoa?o,
ui a?aeaeca?eaeththoue ?icaeoie iaeyao.

Iayai?noue oaei? ?ioi?iaoe?? aeicaieeoue ooaeiaeieeo ni?eueii c
eiino?oeoi?ii a?aeiia?aeii aei ?ic?iaeaiiai ane?co c?noaaeoe oi?io
i?iaeoiaaiiai iaeyao c aa??aioaie, iayaieie o aaieo aeaieo oa ia?aoe
a?aeiia?aei? aa??aioe aeey ?oiueiai aeei?enoaiiy i?e iiaeaeueo?e ?iaio?
iaae i?iaeoii.

Oi?io i?iaeoiaaiiai iaeyao ia?aaeaa/aii a?aeoai?thaaoe c aeei?enoaiiyi
no/anii? ia/enethaaeueii? oaoi?ee ca iayaiino? a?aeiia?aeiiai
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oa i?ia?aiiiai caaacaa/aiiy.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe ae??oaiiy caaaeaiiy uiaei
oi?ioaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eii-a?ao?/iiai ianeao aeaieo i?i
ooaeiaeiuei-eiino?oeoeaia ??oaiiy aaciaeo oi?i iaeyao. Oea cae?eniaii ia
i?eeeaae? iniiaii? ae?eyiee iiaa?oi? iea/iaeo ae?ia?a, oiio ui
oa?aeoa?enoeea ?? oi?ie ? iaei??th c iniiaieo ooaeiaeiuei-anoaoe/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee iaeyao.

O oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoa??ae?a c ?noi??? ?icaeoeo aa?oiueiai
ae?ii/iai iaeyao ?c na?aaeeie 30-o ?ie?a XX no. ? aei iaoeo aei?a ?c
canoinoaaiiyi niaoe?aeueii ?ic?iaeaii? iaoiaeeee aoee aecia/ai? o?noue
aaciaeo aa??aio?a ooaeiaeiuei-eiino?oeoeaiiai ??oaiiy oi?i iea/iai?
ae?eyiee ae?iao ?c aoeaiei ?oeaaii. Anoaiiaeai? iniiai? eiino?oeoeai?
ia?aiao?e ae?eyiee, ui aeine?aeaeo?oueny: aeiaaeeia e?i?? iea/iaiai oaa
L, yea aecia/a?oueny noiniaii aeiaaeeie iea/iaiai noeeo ae?ii/i? o?ao?e
? aoaa? i?e?iaeiith L1, iiaeiaaeaiith L2 ? oei?i/aiith L3, oa eoo iaoeeo
e?i?? iea/iaiai oaa U, yeee ?icaeyaea?oueny noiniaii iaoeeo iea/iaiai
noeeo ae?ii/i? o?ao?e ? i?eeia? i?e?iaei? U1 oa i?aeaeuai? U2 cia/aiiy.
Aecia/aii ae?aiacii ci?ie e?euee?nieo cia/aiue iniiaieo eiino?oeoeaieo
ia?aiao??a.

Aeyaeai? i?aeii?yaeeiaai? eiino?oeoeai? ia?aiao?e iea/iai? ae?eyiee
ae?iao: oi?ia aa?oiuei? /anoeie e?i?? i?ieie, ia?eiao? iea/iai? ae?eyiee
ae?iao, ieiua iea/iai? ae?eyiee ae?iao, nooi?iue iaeyaaiiy ae?iaii
iea/iai? ae?eyiee ae?ii/i? o?ao?e.

Iaea?aeai? a?aeiiino? ? iniiaith ?ioi?iaoe?eii-a?ao?/iiai ianeao aeaieo,
yeee iiaea aooe i?aaenoaaeaiei o aeaeyae? eaoaeiaa, a?ae?ioaee aeey
a?eueo iiaii? e?euee?nii? oa?aeoa?enoeee oi?ie iea/iai? ae?eyiee ae?iao
ia noaae?? ane?ciiai i?iaeoo.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? aeeeaaeai? oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy uiaei ?ic?iaee
iaoaiaoe/iiai, ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oa i?ia?aiiiai caaacaa/aiiy aeey
iiaoaeiae ?icai?oie iiaa?oi? aaciaeo oi?i iaeyao o nenoai?
aaoiiaoeciaaiiai i?iaeooaaiiy. I?e oeueiio aeo?aeia ?ioi?iaoe?y, yeo
iaiao?aeii oi?iae?coaaoe, ? o?eaei??iith oa?aeoa?enoeeith iiaa?oi?
o?ao?e ethaeeie ? ia’?iii-i?inoi?iai? oi?ie ae?iao.

?ic?iaea iiaeaeae ia’?eo?a “iiaa?oiy o?ao?e ethaeeie” oa “iiaa?oiy
ciai?oiuei? oi?ie iaeyao” cae?eniaia ia iniia? aiae?co ?ia?o ii
aeei?enoaiith oai??? iiaa?oiiue o i?iaeooaaii? iaeyao e iiaeaeueoiai ??
?icaeoeo ia i?eeeaae? iniiaii? ae?eyiee iii?ii? iiaa?oi? ae?ii/i? o?ao?e
oa iea/iai? ae?eyiee ae?ii/iai aeai?naciiiiai iaeueoa.

Aeey ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaiiai caaaeaiiy aeei?enoaiee iaoaiaoe/iee aiia?ao,
ca aeiiiiiaith yeiai ae?eyiee cacia/aieo iiaa?oiiue ai?ieneiiaai?
iiaa?oiyie ae?oaiai ii?yaeeo. O ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeai?
aeai?eoi oa eiii’thoa?ia i?ia?aia, yea aeicaiey? ia?aoe ca o?eniaaieie
oi/eaie ?c iaeiaioith iioeaeith oaeee aaiiao?e/iee ia?ac, ui iaeoi/i?oa
iieno? oi?io iiaa?oi? aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ia’?eoa.

Aeeiiai? ?ic?aooiee aeyaeee, ui aeey ai?ieneioaaiiy iea/iai? ae?eyiee
ae?ii/i? o?ao?e oa ae?iao ?c i?yiie?i?eiith oi?iith e?i?? iea/iaiai oaa
iaea?eueo ni?eeiyoiei aaiiao?e/iei ia?acii ? eiion ae?oaiai ii?yaeeo.

C iaoith iiaoaeiae ?icai?oie iiaa?oi? iaeyao o nenoai? aaoiiaoeciaaiiai
i?iaeooaaiiy ?ic?iaeaia aiae?oe/ia iiaeaeue iea/iai? ae?eyiee iaeyao oa
aeine?aeaeaii oa?aeoa? aca?iica’yceo i?ae ?? iniiaieie oa aeiiii?aeieie
eiino?oeoeaieie ia?aiao?aie.

Aeey anoaiiaeaiiy aieeao iniiaieo eiino?oeoeaieo ia?aiao??a ia oi?io
aa?oiuei? /anoeie e?i?? i?ieie, aeei?enoiaoth/e iaoiae ia?aoai?aiiy
nenoai eii?aeeiao, io?eiaii ??aiyiiy e?i?? i?ieie o aeaea?oiaeo
eii?aeeiaoao ye ooieoe?? aeiaaeeie e?i?? iea/iaiai oaa oa eooa ??
iaoeeo:

Z=A5
(A6+2picscalex1000100090000035001000004001500000000000500000009020000000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); (1)

A1=
(picscalex100010009000003e3000000030015000000000005000000090200000000040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) 2; A2=
(picscalex100010009000003da000000030015000000000005000000090200000000040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) 2;
A3=O1C1picscalex10001000900000311010000030015000000000005000000090200000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;
A4=sin(Uh)picscalex10001000900000311010000030015000000000005000000090200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;
A5=picscalex100010009000003460100000300150000000000050000000902000000000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; A6=-2A2A3A4; A7=A2A32; A8=A2A1A42,

aea U0 – eoo iaoeeo iea/iaiai noeeo o?ao?e ethaeeie a?aeiinii
ai?eciioae?; U – eoo iaoeeo e?i?? iea/iaiai oaa a?aeiinii iea/iaiai
noeeo o?ao?e ethaeeie; Uh – eoo iaoeeo n?/ii? ieiueie, ui i?ioiaeeoue
/a?ac e?i?th i?ieie aei aa?oeeaeueii? ieiueie.

sse e?euee?nia oa?aeoa?enoeea oi?ie aa?oiuei? /anoeie e?i?? i?ieie
ia?aiee iieaciee “na?aaei?e ?aae?on e?eaecie e?i?? i?ieie”. Aeey eiai
aecia/aiiy iaea?aeaii ae?ac aeey ?ic?aooieo ?aae?ona e?eaecie e?i??
i?ieie:

R=picscalex1000100090000039e04000005001500000000000500000009020000000004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.
(2)

Na?aaei?e ?aae?on e?eaecie RN? ia/enethaaany ?c aeei?enoaiiyi
iaeneiaeueiiai ? i?i?iaeueiiai cia/aiiy cacia/aii? aaee/eie ia
anoaiiaeaiiio ?ioa?aae? aa??aoe?? i?aeeiaoe Y:

RN?= (RMAX+RMIN)/2 (3)

Aiae?c io?eiaieo o ?acoeueoao? ?ic?aooieiaiai aenia?eiaioo aeaieo
aeicaieea anoaiiaeoe, ui ?c ca?eueoaiiyi eooa iaoeeo e?i?? iea/iaiai oaa
na?aaei?e ?aae?on e?eaecie e?i?? i?ieie ca?eueoo?oueny ia 10-12%. O oie
aea /an ci?ia aeiaaeeie e?i?? iea/iaiai oaa aaaea aei ci?ie na?aaeiueiai
?aae?ona e?eaecie ia 2-6%.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?eiao?o iea/iai? ae?eyiee eiino?oeoe?? ae?iao iia’ycaia
c oei, ui a?i aeicaiey? ioe?ieoe ci?io aaiiao?e/iiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
e?i?eieo ?ici???a ?? /anoei caeaaeii a?ae cia/aiue iniiaieo
eiino?oeoeaieo ia?aiao??a. Aecia/aiiy aaee/eie ia?eiao?a cae?enithaaeiny
c aeei?enoaiiyi ?ic?aooieiaeo caeaaeiinoae aeey ia/eneaiiy aeiaaeei aeoa
oa oa??ieo eiiona ae?oaiai ii?yaeeo. O ?acoeueoao? aiae?co io?eiaieo
aeaieo anoaiiaeaii, ui aecia/aeueiei /eiieeii, yeee aieeaa? ia ci?io
ia?eiao?a iea/iai? ae?eyiee ae?iao, ? eoo iaoeeo e?i?? iea/iaiai oaa.

Ieiua iea/iai? ae?eyiee ae?iao S i?e i?iaaaeai? oeueiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
?icaeyaeaeanue neeaaeaiith c ieiu? iea/iai? ae?eyiee nieiee Sn ? ieiu?
iea/iai? ae?eyiee i?ei/ee Si oa aecia/aeanue ca aeiiiiiaith a?aeiiiai
aia?aoo aeeoa?aioe?aeueii? aaiiao???.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e ??cieo cia/aiiyo aeiaaeeie e?i?? iea/iaiai oaa ci?ia
ieiu? iea/iai? ae?eyiee ae?iao noaiiaeoue aeecueei 22%. Ci?ia cia/aiue
eooa iaoeeo e?i?? iea/iaiai oaa i?eaiaeeoue aei ci?ie ieiu? ia 8%.

Aeey ioe?iee nooiiiy iaeyaaiiy ae?iaii iiaa?oi? iea/a ae?ii/i? o?ao?e
aoee aecia/ai? ia’?ie iea/iaeo ae?eyiie ae?iao Ve oa ia?aii? oeiiai?
ae?ii/i? o?ao?e Vo. Anoaiiaeaii, ui nooi?iue iaeyaaiiy Q a?aeaeaa?
ooieoe?iiaeueio caeaaei?noue ??cieoe? icia/aieo ia’?i?a. Ae?ac aeey eiai
aecia/aiiy iiaea aooe i?aaenoaaeaiee nenoaiith ??aiyiue:

(Ve-Vo) 0, Q=100%,

(4)

(Ve-Vo) 0, Q=a0+a1 (Ve-Vo) a2 (Ve-Vo) o1+a3 (Ve-Vo) o2

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie ?ic?aooieiaiai aenia?eiaioo, aeeiiaiiai c aeei?enoaiiyi
a?aeiia?aeiiai i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy, anoaiiaeai? cia/aiiy
eiao?oe??io?a: a0=100; a1=-0,0046; a2=-1,28·10-5; a3=3,3·10-7; o1=2,5;
o2=3.

O oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy iea/iai? ae?eyiee ae?iao a?aecia/aii, ui ie??i
i?yii? e?i?y iea/iaiai oaa cono??/a?oueny ??cii? e?eaecie. O ca’yceo c
oeei o ?iaio? aoei ae??oaii caaaeaiiy uiaei aecia/aiiy aca?iica’yceo
i?ae eiino?oeoeaieie ia?aiao?aie iea/iai? ae?eyiee ae?iao i?e a?ae’?ii?e
oa aeiaeaoi?e e?eaeci? e?i?? iea/iaiai oaa. Anoaiiaeaii, ui,
aeei?enoiaoth/e iaoiae ai?ieneiaoe?? a?aeiia?aeiei aaiiao?e/iei ia?acii
(iaeiiii?iaeieiiei a?ia?aiei?aeii aai ae?ini?aeii) iiaeia c
aeinoaoiueith i??ith oi/iino? oi?iae?coaaoe iea/iao ae?eyieo ae?iao ?c
??ciith e?eaeciith e?i?? iea/iaiai oaa oa aecia/eoe cia/aiiy ??
eiino?oeoeaieo ia?aiao??a.

Ia iniia? anoaiiaeaieo caeaaeiinoae i?ae iniiaieie oa i?aeii?yaeeiaaieie
eiino?oeoeaieie ia?aiao?aie iea/iai? ae?eyiee ae?iao ?ic?iaeaiee iaoiae
iiaoaeiae ?icai?oie iiaa?oi? iaeyao, c aeei?enoaiiyi yeiai aoee io?eiai?
?icai?oee aeine?aeaeoaaii? ae?eyiee caeaaeii a?ae eiino?oeoeaiiai
??oaiiy ?? oi?ie (oaae. 3).

Oaaeeoey 3

?icai?oee aaciaeo aa??aio?a eiino?oeoeaiiai ??oaiiy iea/iaeo ae?eyiie
ae?iao

U 1, L1U1, L2

U1, L3

U 2, L1

U2, L2

U2 , L3

O ?acoeueoao? ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaiiai caaaeaiiy io?eiai? aeai?eoie oa
a?aeiia?aei? eiii’thoa?i? i?ia?aie, ye? neeaee iniiao aeey iiaeaeueoiai
oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiaeo iiaoaeiae aeaoaeae eiino?oeoe?e iaeyao o nenoai?
aaoiiaoeciaaiiai i?iaeooaaiiy.

O i’yoiio ?icae?e? iienai? iniiai? aoaie ieaioaaiiy oa aiae?co
?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaioo, yeee i?iaaaeaii c iaoith ia?aa??ee
ei?aeoiino? c?iaeaieo aeiiouaiue i?e iiaoaeia? aiae?oe/ii? iiaeae?
iea/iai? ae?eyiee ae?iao. A?i aaco?oueny ia ?ioaoaaaeueiiio ieai?
ae?oaiai ii?yaeeo aeey aeaio /eiiee?a (aeiaaeeie e?i?? iea/iaiai oaa oa
eooa iaoeeo e?i?? iea/iaiai oaa).

O ?acoeueoao? aenia?eiaioo io?eiaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue iiaeeo?eaoe??
iea/iai? ae?eyiee aaciai? eiino?oeoe?? ae?ii/iai aa?oiueiai iaeyao
caeaaeii a?ae cia/aiue ?? iniiaieo eiino?oeoeaieo ia?aiao??a. Iiaeaeue
i?aaenoaaeaia noeoii?noth ??aiyiue ?aa?an?? aeey aeine?aeaeoaaieo
ia?aiao??a o oaae. 4.

Oaaeeoey 4

Anoaiiaeaiiy aca?iica’yceo i?ae eiino?oeoeaieie ia?aiao?aie iea/iai?
ae?eyiee ae?iao

N i/iIacaa eiino?oeoeaiiai ia?aiao?o

??aiyiiy ?aa?an??Aacia? aa??aioe eiino?oeoeaiiai ??oaiiy iea/iai?
ae?eyiee ae?iaoI – U1,L1II -U1,L2III -U1,L3IV -U2,L1V
-U2,L2VI-U2,L31.Na?aaei?e ?aae?on e?eaecie e?i?? i?ieie, ni

RCR=12,9-0,63L+0,18U+0,03L2

10,01

10,42

9,92

11,36

11,79

11,232.Ia?eiao? iea/iai? ae?eyiee ae?iao, ni

P=75,4+0,34U-0,48L+0,02L2

72,90

73,07

72,90

75,45

75,62

75,483.Ieiua iea/iai? ae?eyiee ae?iao, ni2

S=173,6+8,6L

287,98

302,17

274,22

287,98

302,17

274,224.Nooi?iue iaeyaaiiy ae?iaii iea/iai? ae?eyiee ae?ii/i? o?ao?e, %

Q=picscalex1000100090000037801000003001500000000000500000009020000000004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1,60

9,53

-6,42

15,51

26,72

8,33

O oinoiio ?icae?e? a?aeaeo? ?acoeueoaoe aeeiiaii? ?iaioe, yea aoea
ni?yiiaaia ia ?ic?iaeo i?eioeeiiai? no?oeoo?ii? iine?aeiaiino? noai?aiiy
aaciaeo eiino?oeoe?e aa?oiueiai ae?ii/iai iaeyao ia noaae?? ane?ciiai
i?iaeoo.

C oe??th iaoith ia iniia? i?aeaioiaeaiiai i?e iiia?aaeiueiio
aeine?aeaeaii? a?aeiia?aeiiai caaacia/aiiy uiaei ai?ieneiaoe?? iiaa?oi?
ae?ii/i? o?ao?e ? ae?iao; uiaei iiaoaeiae ?icai?oie iiaa?oi? aaciaeo
oi?i iaeyao, a oaeiae c o?aooaaiiyi iiaeoeueiiai i?eioeeio aoa
?ic?iaeaiee iaoiae noai?aiiy aeaoaeae eiino?oeoe?? iaeyao o nenoai?
aaoiiaoeciaaiiai i?iaeooaaiiy.

O i?aenoieo aeeiiaii? ?iaioe ?ic?iaeaia i?eioeeiiaa no?oeoo?ia
iine?aeiai?noue noai?aiiy aaciaeo eiino?oeoe?e aa?oiueiai ae?ii/iai
iaeyao ia noaae?? ane?ciiai i?iaeoo, iniiaieie aoaiaie yeith ?:

1. Aiae?c iaaaaeaiiai o ane?c? ooaeiaeiuei-eiino?oeoeaiiai ??oaiiy oi?ie
iaeyao, ui i?iaeoo?oueny, ii eiino?oeoeaieo iiynao, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue
aeae?eaiei aio?iiiii?oiei iiynai.

2. C?noaaeaiiy ooaeiaeiuei-eiino?oeoeaiiai ??oaiiy oi?ie iaeyao c
aaciaeie aa??aioaie, ye? iayai? o i?aeaioiaeaiiio
?ioi?iaoe?eii-a?ao?/iiio ianea? aeaieo. Aea?? a?aeiia?aeiiai aa??aioo
aeey eiai iiaeaeueoiai ii?aoethaaiiy.

3. A?aeoai?aiiy ooaeiaeiuei-eiino?oeoeaiiai ??oaiiy oi?ie iaeyao c
aeei?enoaiiyi cai?iiiiiaaiiai iaoiaeo iiaoaeiae aeaoaeae eiino?oeoe??
iaeyao o nenoai? aaoiiaoeciaaiiai i?iaeooaaiiy.

Ia eiaeiiio aoai? cai?iiiiiaaii? iine?aeiaiino? ?ic?iaeai? aeaee
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai, a?ao?/iiai oa i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy.

O caaa?oaeuei?e /anoei? ?iaioe iaaaaeai? a?aeiiino? i?i ae?iaie/o
ai?iaaoe?th iniiaieo ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe ia i?aei?e?inoaao
a?aeiia?aeiiai i?io?eth oa ?ic?aooiie i/?eoaaiiai aeiiii?/iiai aoaeoo.

Ioe?iea aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? aeeiiaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeany
c aeei?enoaiiyi aeaiaio?a ooieoe?iiaeueii — aa?o?niiai aiae?co.
Iieacieeaie aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ia AeCAIOOO “Aei?i?i” ?: cieaeaiiy
aeo?ao /ano ia ?ic?iaeo iiaeae? iaeyao – aeecueei 40%, c?inoaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe? eiino?oeoi?a – aei 50%, aeiiii?y iaoa??ae?a ca
?aooiie ciaioaiiy i?eione?a ia ooi/iaiiy ?ici???a aeaoaeae eiino?oeoe??
– ia 10-15%.

Nioe?aeueia aoaeoeai?noue i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy coiiaeaia
i?aeaeuaiiyi nooi?iy caaeiaieaiiy ooaeiaeiuei-anoaoe/ieo aeiia
niiaeeaa/?a aei iaeyao i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

AENIIAEE

1. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeey i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? oaaeieo ae?ia?a, a oaeiae
aeey yeiaeiiai?oiai caaeiaieaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo aeiia niiaeeaa/?a aei
iaeyao i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa, o oiio /ene? aeiia
ooaeiaeiuei-anoaoe/iiai ii?yaeeo, aeioe?eueiei ? noai?aiiy i?ia?aneaieo
oi?i aeeiiaiiy i?iaeoieo ?ia?o ?c canoinoaaiiyi i?eioeei?a oeiiaiai
i?iaeooaaiiy, yeee ia?aaeaa/aa iiia?aaeith ?iaeaia?ii-oaoi?/io ?ic?iaeo
aaciaeo c?ace?a iaeyao.

2. Ia iniia? aiae?co iaoa??ae?a uiaei i?iaeaie aeine?aeaeaiue aecia/aii,
ui aei oeueiai /ano noi?ioaaeeny aeaa iniiaieo iai?yiee oaeineiiaeaiiy
i?ioeano noai?aiiy aaciaeo c?ace?a iaeyao c o?aooaaiiyi
ooaeiaeiuei-anoaoe/ieo aeiia niiaeeaa/?a. Ia?oee iia’ycaiee ?c
oi?ioaaiiyi ? eiie?aoecaoe??th aeo?aeieo aeaieo, ye? iaiao?aei? aeey
noai?aiiy aaciaeo c?ace?a iaeyao. Aei ieo o ia?oo /a?ao iaeaaeaoue
a?aeiiino? i?i iiaa?oith o?ao?e ethaeeie ? i?i iiaa?oith ciai?oiuei?
oi?ie iaeyao. Ae?oaee iai?yiie i?enay/aiee ?icaeoeo i?eioeei?a oa
oaeineiiaeaiith iaoiae?a i?iaeooaaiiy aaciaeo eiino?oeoe?e iaeyao ia
iniia? aeei?enoaiiy no/anii? ia/enethaaeueii? oaoi?ee.

3. O ?acoeueoao? aeeiiaiiai aiae?co niinia?a oa?aeoa?enoeee aeo?aeieo
aeaieo eiie?aoeciaaiee neeaae oa ci?no ?ioi?iaoe?? uiaei oa?aeoa?enoeee
iiaa?oi? o?ao?e niiaeeaa/a. ?c canoinoaaiiyi iieiaeaiue eeane/ii?
aio?iiiiao??? aeey eiino?othaaiiy iaeyao ??cieo aeae?a aoa ?ic?iaeaiee
niin?a oa?aeoa?enoeee iiaa?oi? ae?ii/i? o?ao?e. Cai?iiiiiaaiee neeaae
?ioi?iaoe?? iiaea aooe aeei?enoaiee i?e i?iaeooaaii? iaeao?a oeiiaeo
o?ao?, i?iieneiaeo iaiaeai?a aeey iaeyao, a oaeiae aeey ?ic?iaee iiaeo
noaiaea?o?a, ye? a?aeia?aaeathoue oa?aeoa?enoeeo ae?ii/eo o?ao? noiniaii
oiia i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

4. Ia iniia? cae?eniaiii? ioe?iee niinia?a oa cania?a
ooaeiaeiuei-eiino?oeoeaii? oa?aeoa?enoeee iiaa?oi? iaeyao
eiie?aoeciaaiee neeaae ?ioi?iaoe??, yea iaiao?aeia aeey a?eueo iiaii?
ye?nii? oa e?euee?nii? oa?aeoa?enoeee ciai?oiuei? oi?ie iaeyao, ui
i?iaeoo?oueny. Oaeineiiaeaii eeaneo?eaoe?th niinia?a ? cania?a
oa?aeoa?enoeee ooaeiaeiuei-eiino?oeoeaiiai ??oaiiy ciai?oii? oi?ie
iaeyao, ui caaacia/o? iiaeeea?noue aeey iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaiiai i?aeoiaeo
aei aeai?o a?aeiia?aeiiai niiniao ia noaae?? ane?ciiai i?iaeoo.

5. Aeey oi?ioaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eii-a?ao?/iiai ianeao aeaieo ia noaae??
ane?ciiai i?iaeoo ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea anoaiiaeaiiy aaciaeo aa??aio?a
ooaeiaeiuei-eiino?oeoeaiiai ??oaiiy oi?i iaeyao (ia i?eeeaae? iniiaii?
ae?eyiee iea/iaeo ae?ia?a ?c aoeaiei ?oeaaii). Canoinoaaiiy
cai?iiiiiaaieo i?eioeei?a i?aeaioiaee a?aeiia?aeii? ?ioi?iaoe??
aeicaiey? i?aeaeueoe ia’?eoeai?noue ye?nii? oa e?euee?nii?
oa?aeoa?enoeee aaciaeo oi?i iaeyao, ui i?iaeoo?oueny.

6. ?ic?iaeai? iniiai? oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy, ?ioi?iaoe?eia oa i?ia?aiia
caaacia/aiiy aeey noai?aiiy iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae iniiaii? ae?eyiee
iii?ii? iiaa?oi? ae?ii/i? o?ao?e ? iea/iai? ae?eyiee ae?iao. ?c
canoinoaaiiyi iaoiaeo ai?ieneiaoe?? iiaa?oi? aeaaa?a?/ieie iiaa?oiyie
ae?oaiai ii?yaeeo anoaiiaeaii, ui iaea?eueo ni?eeiyoiei aaiiao?e/iei
ia?acii aeine?aeaeoaaieo ia’?eo?a ? eiion ae?oaiai ii?yaeeo.

7. ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/ia, ?ioi?iaoe?eia oa i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy aeey
iiaoaeiae ?icai?oie iiaa?oi? ciai?oiuei? oi?ie iaeyao o nenoai?
aaoiiaoeciaaiiai i?iaeooaaiiy. Ia iniia? aeine?aeaeaiiy aiae?oe/ii?
iiaeae? iea/iai? ae?eyiee ae?iao oai?aoe/ii anoaiiaeai? oa
aenia?eiaioaeueii i?aeoaa?aeaeai? caeaaeiino? ? iia? ooieoe?iiaeueii
coiiaeai? ca’ycee i?ae ?? iniiaieie eiino?oeoeaieie ia?aiao?aie –
aeiaaeeia e?i?? iea/iaiai oaa ? eoo iaoeeo e?i?? iea/iaiai oaa – oa
i?aeii?yaeeiaaieie eiino?oeoeaieie ia?aiao?aie: oi?ia aa?oiuei? /anoeie
e?i?? i?ieie, ia?eiao? ? ieiua iea/iai? ae?eyiee ae?iao, nooi?iue
iaeyaaiiy ae?iaii iea/iai? ae?eyiee ae?ii/i? o?ao?e. Aecia/aia
aca?iicaeaaei?noue i?ae cacia/aieie eiino?oeoeaieie ia?aiao?aie i?e
??ci?e e?eaeci? e?i?? iea/iaiai oaa. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe iiaeooue aooe
aeei?enoiaai? ye o ?o/iiio, oae ? o aaoiiaoeciaaiiio i?iaeooaaii?
iaeyao.

8. ?ic?iaeaiee iaoiae iiaoaeiae aeaoaeae aaciaeo eiino?oeoe?e iaeyao ?c
canoinoaaiiyi iiaeoeueiiai i?eioeeio ia iniia? oaeineiiaeaiiy
iine?aeiaiino? aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o o nenoai? aaoiiaoeciaaiiai i?iaeooaaiiy.
Ia a?aei?io a?ae ?ai?oa ?ic?iaeaieo iaoiae?a, a?i aeeeth/a? aoaie
noai?aiiy e?i?eieo ea?ean?a o?ao?e ethaeeie oa ae?iao. Iaoiae iiaea aooe
canoiniaaiee aeey ?ic?iaee aeaoaeae eiino?oeoe?? iaeyao ??cieo aeae?a oa
oi?i (c o?aooaaiiyi ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo aeiia niiaeeaa/ea).

9. Ia iniia? io?eiaieo oai?aoe/ieo oa i?aeoe/ieo ?acoeueoao?a ?ic?iaeaia
i?eioeeiiaa no?oeoo?ia iine?aeiaiinoue noai?aiiy aaciaeo eiino?oeoe?e
aa?oiueiai ae?ii/iai iaeyao ia noaae?? ane?ciiai i?iaeoo, ia eiaeiiio
aoai? yei? ?ic?iaeaii a?aeiia?aeia ?ioi?iaoe?eia, a?ao?/ia oa i?ia?aiia
caaacia/aiiy. I?iieneiaa ai?iaaoe?y i?aeoaa?aeeea, ui cai?iiiiiaaia
oi?ia aeeiiaiiy i?iaeoieo ?ia?o i?e noai?aii? iaeyao ?c canoinoaaiiyi
?ic?iaeaieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e aeicaiey? i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue ni?eueii?
i?aoe? oao?aoe?a, cieceoe aeo?aoe /ano ia ?ic?iaeo iiaiai c?acea iaeyao,
caaeiaieueieoe o a?eueo iiaiiio ianyc? ooaeiaeiuei-anoaoe/i? aeiiae
niiaeeaa/?a uiaei iaeyao i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa. I/?eoaaeueiee ??/iee
aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oai?aoe/ieo oa i?aeoe/ieo
?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe ia iaeiiio i?aei?e?inoa? a?aeiia?aeiiai i?io?eth
noaiiaeoeia aeecueei 8800 oen. a?i.

Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii oae? ?iaioe:

1. Aeeaae/ A.TH., Eociaoeiaa I.Ae. Enneaaeiaaiea acaeiinayce iie?iy
?oeaaa n oi?iie iea/aaiai o/anoea // Creativitate. Tehnologie.
Marketing. Materialele celui de-al II-lea Simpozion Interna?ional
Universitar. Chi?inau 28-29 mai 1997. – Eeoeiaa: Tehnica. Universitatea
Tehnica a Moldovei. — 1997. — N. 101.

2. B?levici Ala, Kyzne?ova N.D. Analiza evoluthiei formei liniei
umarului // Lucrarile celei de a XI-a conferinthe romane de textile ?i
pielarie. Ia?i, 23-24 octombrie 1997. Tricotage. Confecthii textile. –
ssnnu: Ankarom.- 1997.- N. 294-298.

3. A?eaae/ A.TH., Eoci?oeiaa I.Ae. Aei aeine?aeaeaiiy oaeoi??a, ye?
aieeaathoue ia oi?iiooai?aiiy iea/iai? ae?eyiee ae?ii/iai aa?oiueiai
iaeyao // Eaaea i?iieneia?noue. — E. : AeAEIO, — 1997. — N. 16-17.

4. A?eaae/ A.TH. Oa?aeoa?enoeea aoaeiae iiaa?oi? ae?ii/i? o?ao?e aeey
eiino?othaaiiy iaeyao // Eaaea i?iieneia?noue. — 1998. — ? 4. — N. 38.

5. A?eaae/ A.TH. Aiae?c oa?aeoa?ieo iciae oi?ie iea/iaiai iiyno iaeyao.
// Eaaea i?iieneia?noue. — E. : AeAEIO, — 1998. — N. 10-12.

6. A?eaae/ A.TH. Aaiethoe?y oi?ie iea/iaiai iiyno iaeyao. // Eaaea
i?iieneia?noue. — E. : AeAEIO, — 1998. — N. 13-15.

AIIOAOe?ss

A?eaae/ A.TH. Oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a i?iaeooaaiiy aaciaeo eiino?oeoe?e
aa?oiueiai ae?ii/iai iaeyao. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.19.04 – oaoiieia?y oaaeieo ae?ia?a. — Aea?aeaaia
aeaaeai?y eaaei? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

O aeena?oaoe?? i?aaenoaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe ae??oaiiy iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo
caaaeaiue uiaei iiaeaeueoiai oaeineiiaeaiiy oeiiaiai i?iaeooaaiiy
iaeyao. Eiie?aoeciaaiee neeaae ? ci?no aeo?aeieo aeaieo i?i aoaeiao
iiaa?oi? o?ao?e niiaeeaa/a oa i?i iiaa?oith ciai?oiuei? oi?ie iaeyao,
ye? iaiao?aei? aeey noai?aiiy aaciaeo eiino?oeoe?e iaeyao. Cai?iiiiiaai?
i?eioeeie ?ic?iaee ?ioi?iaoe?eii-a?ao?/iiai ianeao aeaieo aeey a?eueo
iiaii? e?euee?nii? oa?aeoa?enoeee aaciaeo oi?i iaeyao. ?ic?iaeaii
iaoaiaoe/ia, ?ioi?iaoe?eia oa i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy aeey ai?eneiaoe?? ?
aeey iiaoaeiae ?icai?oie iiaa?oiiue, ye? i?iaeoothoueny, ca aeiiiiiaith
no/anii? ia/enethaaeueii? oaoi?ee. ?ic?iaeaia i?eioeeiiaa no?oeoo?ia
iine?aeiai?noue aeeiiaiiy oai?/eo ?ia?o i?e noai?aii? aaciaeo
eiino?oeoe?? iaeyao ia noaae?? ane?ciiai i?iaeoo, aoaeoeai?noue yei?
iaa?oioiaaia oai?aoe/ii ? i?aeoaa?aeaeaia o oiae? ?? i?iieneiai?
ai?iaaoe??.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: oeiiaa i?iaeooaaiiy iaeyao, iiaa?oiy o?ao?e ethaeeie,
iiaa?oiy ciai?oiuei? oi?ie iaeyao, ai?ieneiaoe?y, ?icai?oea, aaciaa
eiino?oeoe?y iaeyao.

THE ANNOTATION

Bilevich A.Yu. The Perfection of designing methods of base constructions
of woman outdoor clothes. – The manuscript.

The thesis for obtaining the candidate’s degree of technical sciences on
speciality 05.19.04 — technology of sewing clothes. – The State Academy
of Light Industry of Ukraine, Kyev, 1999.

The results of scientific and technical investigations directed to
further perfection of typical clothes designing are represented in the
thesis. The composition and the initial data of the consumer’s figure
structure and the external clothes form surface are made more concrete.
An information-graphic data are prepared for more full quantitative
description of base clothes forms. Mathematical, information and
programme software is worked up for approximation and for the surfaces
construction development using the contemporary calculating engineering.
A principle structural succession of the fulfilment of creative works
while making base clothes constructions on the stage of sketch project
is worked up, its effectiveness is grounded theoretically and confirmed
by its industrial approbation.

Key words: typical of clothes designing, man figure surface, surface of
external clothes form, approximation, development, base clothes
construction.

AIIIOAOeEss

Aeeaae/ A.TH. Niaa?oainoaiaaiea iaoiaeia i?iaeoe?iaaiey aaciauo
eiino?oeoeee aa?oiae aeaineie iaeaaeaeu. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.19.04 – oaoiieiaey oaaeiuo ecaeaeee. —
Ainoaea?noaaiiay aeaaeaiey eaaeie i?iiuoeaiiinoe Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee i?aaenoaaeaiu ?acoeueoaou ?aoaiey iao/ii-oaoie/aneeo
caaea/ ii aeaeueiaeoaio ?acaeoeth oeiiaiai i?iaeoe?iaaiey iaeaaeaeu.

Ii?aaeaeaiu iniiaiua iai?aaeaiey niaa?oainoaiaaiey i?ioeanna ?ac?aaioee
aaciauo ia?acoeia iaeaaeaeu n o/aoii ooaeiaeanoaaiii-ynoaoe/aneeo
o?aaiaaiee iio?aaeoaeae.

Ia?aia iai?aaeaiea naycaii n oi?ie?iaaieai e eiie?aoecaoeeae enoiaeiuo
aeaiiuo, eioi?ua iaiaoiaeeiu i?e nicaeaiee aaciauo ia?acoeia iaeaaeaeu.
Iniaoth ?ieue a i?ioeanna ?aoaiey ooaeiaeanoaaiii-ynoaoe/aneeo caaea/
i?iaeoe?iaaiey ea?atho enoiaeiua aeaiiua i iiaa?oiinoe oeao?u /aeiaaea e
i iiaa?oiinoe aiaoiae oi?iu iaeaaeaeu. A yoie nayce aeey eiino?oe?iaaiey
?acee/iuo aeaeia iaeaaeaeu ?ac?aaioai niinia oa?aeoa?enoeee iiaa?oiinoe
oeao?u iio?aaeoaey ii aio?iiiii?oiui iiynai, niaea?aeauee ninoaa
eioi?iaoeee aeey i?iaeoe?iaaiey iaeaoia oeiiauo oeao?, i?iiuoeaiiuo
iaiaeaiia aeey iaeaaeaeu, a oaeaea aeey ?ac?aaioee iiauo noaiaea?oia,
io?aaeathueo oa?aeoa?enoeeo aeaineeo oeao? i?eiaieoaeueii e oneiaeyi
ianniaiai i?iecaiaenoaa.

I?aaeeiaeaiu i?eioeeiu ?ac?aaioee eioi?iaoeeiiii-a?aoe/aneiai ianneaa
aeaiiuo aeey aieaa iieiie ea/anoaaiiie e eiee/anoaaiiie oa?aeoa?enoeee
aaciauo oi?i i?iaeoe?oaiie iaeaaeaeu ia noaaeee yneeciiai i?iaeoa.

Aoi?ia iai?aaeaiea iinayuaii ?acaeoeth i?eioeeiia e niaa?oainoaiaaieth
iaoiaeia i?iaeoe?iaaiey aaciauo eiino?oeoeee iaeaaeaeu ia iniiaa
eniieueciaaiey nia?aiaiiie au/eneeoaeueiie oaoieee. N yoie oeaeueth
?ac?aaioaiu iniiaiua oai?aoe/aneea iieiaeaiey, eioi?iaoeeiiiia e
i?ia?aiiiia iaania/aiea aeey nicaeaiey iaoaiaoe/aneeo iiaeaeae iniiaiuo
o/anoeia iii?iie iiaa?oiinoe aeaineie oeao?u e iea/aaie iaeaaeaeu.
Inouanoaeaia aii?ieneiaoeey i?iaeoe?oaiuo iiaa?oiinoae niioaaonoaothueie
aaiiao?e/aneeie ia?acaie.

?ac?aaioaii iaoaiaoe/aneia, eioi?iaoeeiiiia e i?ia?aiiiia iaania/aiea
aeey iino?iaiey ?acaa?oie iiaa?oiinoe aiaoiae oi?iu iaeaaeaeu n
eniieueciaaieai nia?aiaiiie au/eneeoaeueiie oaoieee. Ia iniiaa
enneaaeiaaiey aiaeeoe/aneie iiaeaee iea/aaiai o/anoea ecaeaeey
oai?aoe/anee onoaiiaeaiu e iiaeoaa?aeaeaiu yenia?eiaioaeueii caaeneiinoe
e iiaua ooieoeeiiaeueii iaoneiaeaiiua nayce iaaeaeo aai iniiaiuie
eiino?oeoeaiuie ia?aiao?aie — aeeeia eeiee iea/aaiai oaa e oaie iaeeiia
eeiee iea/aaiai oaa — e iiae/eiaiiuie eiino?oeoeaiuie ia?aiao?aie: oi?ia
aa?oiae /anoe eeiee i?ieiu, ia?eiao? e ieiuaaeue iea/aaiai o/anoea
ecaeaeey, noaiaiue iaeaaaiey ecaeaeeai iea/aaiai o/anoea aeaineie
oeao?u. Ii?aaeaeaia acaeiicaaeneiinoue iaaeaeo oeacaiiuie
eiino?oeoeaiuie ia?aiao?aie iea/aaiai o/anoea n ?acee/iie oi?iie eeiee
iea/aaiai oaa.

?ac?aaioai iaoiae iino?iaiey aeaoaeae aaciauo eiino?oeoeee iaeaaeaeu n
eniieueciaaieai iiaeoeueiiai i?eioeeia, ia iniiaa oniaa?oainoaiaaiey
iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoe auiieiaiey ?aaio a nenoaia aaoiiaoece?iaaiiiai
i?iaeoe?iaaiey. Iaoiae iiaeao auoue eniieueciaai aeey ?ac?aaioee
aeaoaeae eiino?oeoeee iaeaaeaeu ?acee/iuo aeaeia e oi?i (n o/aoii
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo o?aaiaaiee iio?aaeoaeae).

Ia iniiaaiee iieo/aiiuo oai?aoe/aneeo e i?aeoe/aneeo ?acoeueoaoia
?ac?aaioaia i?eioeeieaeueiay no?oeoo?iay iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue
auiieiaiey oai?/aneeo ?aaio i?e nicaeaiee aaciauo eiino?oeoeee aa?oiae
aeaineie iaeaaeaeu ia noaaeee yneeciiai i?iaeoa, ia eaaeaeii yoaia
eioi?ie iiaeaioiaeaii niioaaonoaothuaa eioi?iaoeeiiiia, a?aoe/aneia e
i?ia?aiiiia iaania/aiea. I?iiuoeaiiay ai?iaaoeey iiaeoaa?aeeea, /oi
i?aaeeaaaaiay oi?ia auiieiaiey i?iaeoiuo ?aaio n eniieueciaaieai
?ac?aaioaiiuo ?aeiiaiaeaoeee iicaieyao iiauneoue yooaeoeaiinoue
niaianoiie ?aaiou niaoeeaeenoia, nieceoue cao?aou a?aiaie ia ?ac?aaioeo
iiaeaee iaeaaeaeu, oaeiaeaoai?eoue a aieaa iieiii iauaia
ooaeiaeanoaaiii-ynoaoe/aneea o?aaiaaiey iio?aaeoaeae e iaeaaeaea
i?iiuoeaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oeiiaia i?iaeoe?iaaiea iaeaaeaeu, iiaa?oiinoue oeao?u
/aeiaaea, iiaa?oiinoue aiaoiae oi?iu iaeaaeaeu, aii?ieneiaoeey,
?acaa?oea, aaciaay eiino?oeoeey ecaeaeey.

Похожие записи