I?I?NOA?NOAI INA?OE OE?A?IE

AeA?AEAAIA AEAAeAI?ss EAAEI? I?IIENEIAINO? OE?A?IE

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

OAeE 687.256.023

A???eei ?iia Aaea???aia

OAeINEIIAEAIIss IAOIAe?A

OI?IIOOAI?AIIss EI?NAOIEO

AE?IA?A ATHNOAAEUeOA?II? A?OIE

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.19.04-

Oaoiieia?y oaaeieo ae?ia?a

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii.

?iaioo aeeiiaii a Aea?aeaai?e aeaaeai?? eaaei? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie
(AeAEIO) I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Nooai Aeea Oeiio??aia, AeAEIO,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e oaoiieia?? oa
eiino?othaaiiy

oaaeieo ae?ia?a

Io?oe?eie iiiiaioe – aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ua?aaiue Aieiaeeie? TH??eiae/,
AeAEIO,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e;

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

I?oaiei Aaiia ?ee?aia

Oiaeueieoeueeee ?inoeooo
eiino?othaaiiy oa

iiaeaethaaiiy oaaeieo ae?ia?a,

aeioeaio, caa?aeoth/a eaoaae?ith

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Oaoiieia?/iee oi?aa?neoao «Iiae?eey» I?i?noa?noaa

ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i.Oiaeueieoeueeee

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 23 /a?aiy 1999 ?. i 10 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.102.04 o Aea?aeaai?e aeaaeai??
eaaei? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie, 252011, Ee?a — 11 INI, aoe.
Iaie?iae/a-Aeai/aiea, 2.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? AeAEIO.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 21 o?aaiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee, e.o.i., aeioeaio
AEo?aanueeee A.A.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aoaeoeaia ae??oaiiy caaea/, ni?yiiaaieo ia
nei?i/aiiy oa?i?i?a i?ioeano i?iaeooaaiiy, i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? iinaaeee
iaeyao ia o?ao??, caaacia/aiiy oaeaeei? ci?ie iiaeaeae oa ?icoe?aiiy
ani?oeiaioo a eiieo?aioieo oiiaao iiaeeeaa eeoa a ?ac? oe?ieiai
aeei?enoaiiy ?ioaa?iaaieo eiii’thoa?ieo nenoai ae?iaieoeoaa.

Iaeiei ?c i??i?eoaoieo iai?yie?a iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue o oaaei?e
aaeoc? ? ?ic?iaea iiaeo no/anieo iaoiae?a iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy
iiaa?oi? o?ea ethaeeie, ye aeo?aeii? ?ioi?iaoe?? aeey iiaoaeiae
e?aneaiue eiino?oeoe??. Iaeneeaaei?oei ? eiino?othaaiiy ei?naoieo
ae?ia?a athnoaaeueoa?ii? a?oie. Oea iia’ycaii c oe?ieith
??ciiiai?oi?noth oi?i a?oaeieo caeic, neeaaei?noth ?o iaoaiaoe/iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy, aiaoiii-o?c?ieia?/ieie iniaeeainoyie aoaeiae o?ea ae?iee,
a oaeiae c aeiiaaie iiaee.

No/ania oaoiieia?y aeaioiaeaiiy ei?naoieo ae?ia?a a?oioo?oueny ia
aecia/ai?e eeaneo?eaoe?? oeiiaeo o?ao?, yea aeeth/a? aeayeo anoaiiaeaio
e?euee?noue oeii?ici???a e ia?aaeaa/a? e?eueea iiaiio, ui ia aeicaiey?
iioe?eoe ??ciiiai?oi?noue oi?i o?ao? o caeaaeiino? a?ae iiaee. Oe?iea
?iciianthaeaeaiiy oeiiaeo eiino?oeoe?e, oe?aaeoaaiiy ae?ia?a aeeeeea?
iacaaeiaieai?noue ianaeaiiy, a oea, o naith /a?ao, ia ni?ey?
i?aeaeuaiith eiieo?aioicaeaoiino? a?o/eciyieo ei?naoieo ae?ia?a.

Ia oi?io aoaeue-yeiai ae?iao aieeaathoue noeeue oa iiaea, ye?
a?aeia?aaeathoue anoaoe/i? aiiaeiaaiiy noni?euenoaa. Oiio oi?ia
ci?ith?oueny ia o?eueee caaaeyee i?ia?ano oaoiieia??, iiya? iiaeo
iaoa??ae?a, ci?iai eiino?oeoe??, a e a?aeiia?aeii aei noeeth oa iiaee
aiioe. Caaaeath/e o?eo iiceoeaio aeaoi?iaoe?th, ni?eyth/e anoaoe/iiio
eiai ioi?ieaiith, e?ea?aeoth/e i?e?iaei? iaaeie?ee o?ao?e oa ia
noai?thth/e aeeneiioi?oo athnoaaeueoa?i? ae?iae iiaeii? aooe ea?eanii
aeey iiaoaeiae aa?oiueiai ae?ii/iai iaeyao.

E??i oiai, ??ciiiai?oi?noue oi?i a?oaeieo caeic ae?iie iio?aao?
?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai i?aeoiaeo i?e i?iaeooaaii? ei?naoieo ae?ia?a.
Eiino?oeoeaia iaaeineiiae?noue iiaeaeae athnoaaeueoa??a — iaeia c
iniiaieo i?e/ei ?icaeoeo ??cieo caoai?thaaiue iiei/ieo caeic o ae?iie.

Oiio aeine?aeaeaiiy, ni?yiiaai? ia eiino?othaaiiy iiaeaeae ??ciiiai?oieo
oi?i, c iaoith noai?aiiy eiiieaenii? aaoiiaoecaoe?? i?ioeano
i?iaeooaaiiy athnoaaeueoa??a ia iniia? ?ic?iaee iaoiaee/iiai,
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai, iaoaiaoe/iiai, aeai?eoi?/iiai oa i?ia?aiiiai
caaacia/aiiy c oe?ieei aeei?enoaiiyi no/anii? oaoi?ee, ? aeooaeueieie.

Iaoith ?iaioe ? noai?aiiy eiii‘thoa?ii? oaoiieia?? i?ioeano iiaoaeiae
e?aneaiue eiino?oeoe?e ei?naoieo ae?ia?a ??cieo oi?i oa ?ici???a.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy aeacaii? iaoe o aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? ae??ooaaeenue
oae? caaea/?:

Noai?eoe ?ioi?iaoe?eio aaiiao?e/io iiaeaeue ia?aeiii? oi?ie a?oaeii?

caeice.

2. ?ic?iaeoe niin?a o?ainoi?iaoe?? ia?aeiii? oi?ie iiaeae? iiaa?oi? o
aoaeue-yeo caaeaio.

3. ?ic?iaeoe niin?a ?icai?oee-cai?oee iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? iiaa?oi?
a?oaeii? caeice.

4. Noai?eoe eiii‘thoa?iee oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean iiaoaeiae e?aneaiue
aeaoa-eae eiino?oeoe?e ei?naoieo ae?ia?a ??ciiiai?oieo oi?i oa ?ici???a.

5. ?aae?coaaoe ?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia caaacia/aiiy o aeaeyae? NAI?
ei?-naoieo ae?ia?a athnoaaeueoa?ii? a?oie.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? eiino?oeoeaia aoaeiaa, iaoiaee i?iaeooaaiiy
ei?naoieo ae?ia?a oa aio?iiiiao?e/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee a?oaeieo caeic.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. A ?iaio? aeei?enoai? no/ani? iaoaiaoe/i? iaoiaee
i?eeeaaeii? aaiiao??? iiaa?oiiue, /enaeuei? iaoiaee, oai??y
aaiiao?e/ieo, cie?aia, iie?oeaieiieo, ia?aoai?aiue, iaoiaee
oi?iae?caoe??, aeai?eoi?caoe?? ?iaeaia?ii-eiino?oeoi?nueeeo caaea/,
?ino?oiaioaeuei? caniae eiii’thoa?ii? a?ao?ee. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?iaiaeeeenue c iiceoe?e caaaeueiiiaoiaeieia?/iiai nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe aecia/a?oueny ianooiiei:

Aia?oa ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/iee aia?ao ?c canoinoaaiiyi iie?oeaiei-

ieo ia?aoai?aiue, ui aeicaiey? noai?thaaoe ??ci? aaiiao?e/i?
iiaeae? oai-

?aoe/ii? iiaa?oi? a?oaeii? caeice.

Aia?oa ?ic?iaeaii ?ioa?aeoeaiee ?aaeei i?ioeano oi?iiooai?aiiy ii-

aa?oi? a?oaeieo caeic aaaeaieo oi?i o aioiaiio ae?ia?.

Oaeineiiaeaii iaoiae iaea?aeaiiy ?icai?oie ae?eyiie ia?icai?ooaaieo

e?eaie?i?eieo iiaa?oiiue.

Aia?oa ?ic?iaeaii eiii’thoa?ia ia’?iia oa ieiueiia eiino?othaaiiy

aeaoaeae /aoee athnoaaeueoa?a.

Aia?oa ?ic?iaeaii eiiieaenio eiii’thoa?io oaoiieia?th i?iaeooaaiiy

ei?naoieo ae?ia?a athnoaaeueoa?ii? a?oie.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui:

– ?ic?iaeaii eiii’thoa?iee aeecaei athnoaaeueoa?ieo ae?ia?a;

– noai?aii ?ioaa?iaaio NAI? «KORSET» eiino?othaaiiy athnoaaeueoa??a
aeey ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ia i?aei?e?inoaao, yea nei?i/o? oa?i?i ?ic?iaee oa
ni?ey? oaeaeeiio ai?iaaaeaeaiith eiino?oeoe?e iiaeo oi?i;

– ?ic?iaeaio oaoiieia?th i?ioeano iiaoaeiae e?aneaiue eiino?oeoe?e
athno-aaeueoa?ieo ae?ia?a ai?iaaaeaeaii ia AO «Aei??y» (i.Ee?a);

– oai?aoe/i? oa i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeei?enoiaothoueny a
o/ai-aiio i?ioean? o aeenoeeie?iao «Eiino?othaaiiy iaeyao c aeaiaioaie
NAI?», «Aaiiao??y iiaa?oi? iaeyao» oa «Iniiae i?eeeaaeii? aio?iiieia??»
a AeAEIO.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? a iinoaiiaoe? oa ae??oaii? iniiaieo
oai?aoe/ieo oa i?aeoe/ieo caaea/. Ca aaciina?aaeiuei? o/ano? aaoi?a
?ic?iaeaia iaoiaee/ia i?ia?aia aeine?aeaeaiue, iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy,
aeeiiaii aiae?c, neioac eiino?oeoeaii? aoaeiae ae?ia?a oa ia?iaeo
io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. Aaoi?o iaeaaeaoue iniiai? ?aea?,
ocaaaeueiaiiy oa aeniiaee.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe
aeiiia?aeaeenue oa iaea?aeaee iiceoeaio ioe?ieo ia ?icoe?aiiio
i?aeeaoaae?aeueiiio nai?ia?? eaoaae?e oaoiieia?? ? eiino?othaaiiy
oaaeieo ae?ia?a o 1999 ?ioe?; ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo iieiaeeo a/aieo
oa nooaeaio?a AeAEIO (1993 — 1998??.); ia 1-?e i?aeia?iaei?e
eiioa?aioe?? «Nia?aiaiiua oaoiieiaee ?ano?ni-yia?ainaa?aaeaiey» (Ee?a,
1997?.); ia eiioa?aioe?? «?iaeaia?ia a?ao?ea oa aaiiao?e/ia
iiaeaethaaiiy ?c canoinoaaiiyi eiii’thoa?ii? oaoiieia??» (??aia,
1997?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 11 ae?oeiaaieo ?ia?o.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
/ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, caaaeueieo aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae,
ui i?noeoue 149 iaeiaioaaiue, oa aeiaeaoe?a.

Iniiaia /anoeia ?iaioe aeeiiaia ia 151 noi??ioe? iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo oa
i?noeoue 78 ?enoie?a ? 2 oaaeeoe?. Aeiaeaoee caeiathoue 160 noi??iie,
i?noyoue 41 ?enoiie oa 6 oaaeeoeue.

Ci?no ?iaioe

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie ?iaioe, aecia/aii iaoo,
iinoaaeaii caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy, noi?ioeueiaaii iaoeiao iiaecio oa
i?aeoe/io oe?ii?noue ?iaioe.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeeiiaii aiae?c e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae 30-90-oo ?ie?a
uiaei aoaeiae aeaoaeae ei?naoieo ae?ia?a athnoaaeueoa?ii? a?oie oa
?ic?iaeai? eeaneo?eaoe?ei? a?ao-no?oeoo?e ?o eiino?oeoeaiiai ono?ith.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui iacaeaaeii a?ae ?ici??ieo iciae, oeiiao no?oeoo?o
ei?naoieo ae?ia?a, ca nai?i eiino?oeoeaiei ono?i?i, iiaeia i?aaenoaaeoe
o aeaeyae? noaa?eueieo aeie?a. Eiino?oeoeaia aoaeiaa ei?naoieo ae?ia?a
iae/ano?oa neeaaea?oueny c i’yoe ianooiieo ooieoe?iiaeueii-i?ecia/aieo
aeaiaio?a: 1- a?aoaeue (iana iniiaia iaaaioaaeaiiy), 2 — aa?oiy /anoeia
/aoee (aeaei?aoeaia), 3 — ieaeiy /anoeia /aoee (oi?ioth/a), 4 — ia?aae
noaio (oo?eioth/a), 5 — a?e noaio (oo?eioth/a). Eiaeai c aeae?eaieo
aeaiaio?a ia? nai? i?ecia/aiiy ? ? ooieoe?iiaeueii iacaeaaeiei a?ae
?ioeo.

Aecia/aii, ui aeey eiaeiiai c ieo, caeaaeii a?ae oa?aeoa?o i?aeo?eiee
a?oaeae, eiino?oeoe?? /aoee, noaio, a?aoaeae, ?niothoue ??ci? aa??aioe
eiino?oeoeaiiai oa oaoiieia?/iiai aeeiiaiiy aeaiaio?a.

Aeeiiaiee aiae?c ?nioth/eo iaoiae?a iiaoaeiae eiino?oeoe?e aei
i?aai?caoe?? ianiaiai oaaeiiai ae?iaieoeoaa iieacaa, ui eiino?othaaiiy
ei?naoieo ae?ia?a i?iaiaeeeinue o?eueee ia iaeei oei — o?ao?o
ii?iaeueii? noaoo?e e eiaeai aaoi? caeeaaeaa nai? ?icoi?iiy aecia/aiiy
oeio aeaii? o?ao?e. A iaoiaeeeao aeei?enoiaoaaeanue ??cia e?euee?noue
?ici??ieo iciae: a?ae aeaio aei aeaaaeoeyoe. ?ieiee eiino?othaaiiy
athnoaaeueoa?a i?iaiaeeeinue ca noaiith iiaoaeiae iniiae eaaeiai ieaooy.
Ii?yae c oeei, a?aenooi? iaa?oioiaai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, uiaei iaae
caaoaeaiiy aeaoaeae ei?naoieo ae?ia?a. ?icaeyioo? iaoiaee eiino?othaaiiy
ei?naoieo ae?ia?a aeicaieythoue iiaoaeoaaoe eeoa i?eaeeci? e?aneaiiy
aeaoaeae ae?ia?a ? ia a?aeia?aaeathoue neeaaeii? ia’?iii? oi?ie o?ea
ethaeeie.

O no/anieo i?ioeanao i?iaeooaaiiy ei?naoieo ae?ia?a, ye?
cae?eniththoueny ca oeiiaei iaoiaeii i?iaeooaaiiy, oi?ia ei?naoieo
ae?ia?a caaea?oueny eeoa ane?cii iiaeae?, aacia? eiino?oeoe?? ?
eiino?oeoe?? iiaeaeae-iiaeeo?eaoe?e io?eiothoue ?ic?aooieiai-a?ao?/iei
niiniaii. sse a?aeiii, aeaiee niin?a eiino?othaaiiy a?aeiineoueny aei
iaaeeaeaieo iaoiae?a eiino?othaaiiy ? aeiaaa? iaia’yceiaiai ooi/iaiiy
eiino?oeoe?e oeyoii i?ei??thaaiiy.

Ia aeaiee /an o e?a?iao NIAe aeei?enoiaothoueny i?e ianiaiio oaaeiiio
ae?iaieoeoa? aea? iaoiaeeee eiino?othaaiiy athnoaaeueoa??a:
«?aeiiaaeaoeee ii eiino?oe?iaaieth ei?naoiuo ecaeaeee» ia aac? INO
17-497-83 «Ecaeaeey oaaeiua. Oeiiaua oeao?u aeaiuei. ?acia?iua i?eciaee
aeey i?iaeoe?iaaiey ei?naoiuo ecaeaeee»; iaoiaee/i? aeac?aee «Ei?naoiua
ecaeaeey. Iiaay eeaneoeeaoeey oeiiauo oeao? aeaiuei. ?acia?iua i?eciaee
aeey i?iaeoe?iaaiey».

Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeiaeai c ?nioth/eo niinia?a eiino?othaaiiy aeaoaeae
ei?naoieo ae?ia?a ia ia?aaeaa/a? ia/eneaiue, iia’ycaieo ?c ci?iith oi?ie
? ?ici???a ie?aieo aeaoaeae o neeaae? aioiaiai ae?iao, a ?ici??i?
oa?aeoa?enoeee oeiiaeo o?ao?, ye? aeei?enoiaothoueny a iaoiaeao
iiaoaeiae eiino?oeoe?e aeaoaeae ei?naoieo ae?ia?a i?noyoue aeene?aoi?
?ici??i? iciaee, ia iienothoue oi?io iiaa?oi? o?ao?e ? ia a?aoiaothoue
??ciiiai?oiino? oi?i a iaaeao iaei??? ?ici??ii-iiaiioii? a?oie.

Oaeei /eiii, c?iaeaii aeniiaie, ui ?nioth/? iaoiaee iiaoaeiae
eiino?oeoe?e aeaoaeae athnoaaeueoa?ieo ae?ia?a ia iathoue oai?aoe/iiai
iaa?oiooaaiiy iiaoaeiae oi?iiooai?thth/eo ?icoei?a aeaoaeae, ui
aeeeth/a? aaaaoiaa??aioi?noue oi?i iiaeaeae oa a?aoiaoaaiiy
o?c?ieia?/ii-iaaacia/ieo cii ia iiaa?oi? o?ea, ui iiaea i?ecaanoe aei
??cieo caoai?thaaiue.

C iaaee/ieo aeaea?ae a?aeiii, ui i?ae ae??th u?eueii i?eeyaath/eo
ei?naoieo ae?ia?a aeieea? oene ia o?ei ae?iee ? eiai aeaoi?iaoe?y,
aaee/eie yei? iiaeii? ciaoiaeeoenue o i?eionoeieo c iaaee/ii? oi/ee ci?o
?ioa?aaeao. Aea noaa?euei? aeai? ii aaee/ei? oeneo a iaaee/i?e
e?oa?aoo?? a?aenooi?. ?o ?ica?aei?coue iiyniththoueny oei, ui oaoi?ea
aeine?aeaeaiue neeaaeia ? iaa?oue i?e aeei?enoaii? aeineiiaeeo i?eeaae?a
iaiiaeeeai iiee cao?enoaaoe eieeaaiiy oiiono eai?ey??a ? io?eiaoe
noaa?euei? ?acoeueoaoe. Oiio iaaea?oueny ia?aaaaa aaee/eiai, aeecueeei
aei oeneo e?ia? o aaiao ? aiie i?eeiyo? ye e?eoa??e ioe?iee oeneo
ei?naoieo ae?ia?a ia o?ei ethaeeie. Aea i?e iiaoaeia? eiino?oeoe?e
iaa?oue oe? aeai? ia a?aoiaothoueny.

Iaoeia? aeine?aeaeaiiy ni?yiiaai?, a iniiaiiio, ia iioe?aiiy e
aaeineiiaeaiiy oeiieia?? oi?i a?oaeieo caeic oa ?o eiino?oeoe?e. I?e
ae??oaii? eiino?oeoi?nueeeo caaea/ ia canoiniaoaaeenue no/ani?
iaoaiaoe/i? iaoiaee i?eeeaaeii? aaiiao??? iiaa?oiiue, oai???
eiii’thoa?ii? a?ao?ee, iaoiaee iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy neeaaeieo
e?eaie?i?eieo iacaeiiii??ieo iiaa?oiiue, ye? aeicaieythoue ia o?eueee c
aeinoaoiueith oi/i?noth a?aeoai?thaaoe oi?io aioiaeo ae?ia?a, aea e
oaeineiiaethaaoe oa iia?aoeaii iiaeeo?eoaaoe ?o eiino?oeoe?? c
o?aooaaiiyi aiaoiii-o?c?ieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae o?ea ethaeeie.

Aiae?c ?nioth/eo iaoiae?a iiaoaeiae ?icai?oie e?eaie?i?eieo iiaa?oiiue
aeicaieea ia?aeiiaoenue, ui aeey iieno a?oaeieo caeic iaei?eaeaoi?oei
niiniaii eiino?othaaiiy a?aeiia?aeii? oai?aoe/ii? iiaa?oi? ?
ea?eanii-e?iaiaoe/iee, cie?aia oiiia?ao?/iee niin?a. A canoinoaaiiy a
yeino? iniiaiiai iaoaiaoe/iiai aia?aoo iie?oeaieiieo ia?aoai?aiue, aeey
aeaoi?iaoeaiiai eiino?othaaiiy ? iiaeaethaaiiy oi?iiooai?thth/eo e?eaeo
oa oai?aoe/ii? iiaa?oi? a?oaeii? caeice, aeicaiey? iaaeaoe
eiino?oeoi?ia? oe?ie? iiaeeeaino?, uiaei aa??aoeaiiai iiooeo aaaeaii?
oi?ie a?oaeii? caeice.

I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c aeicaieea eiie?aoecoaaoe iaoo oa aecia/eoe caaea/?
iiaeaeueoeo aeine?aeaeaiue.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? ?ic?iaeaii oai?aoe/i? iniiae ia aoai? neioaco
iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? iiaa?oi? a?oaeii? caeice.

A?aeiii, ui eiii’thoa?i? oaoiieia?? eiino?othaaiiy aoaeue-yeeo ae?ia?a,
ye? iathoue neeaaeio e?eaie?i?eio ciai?oith oi?io, a?oioothoueny ia
??ciiiai?oieo aaiiao?e/ieo iiaeaeyo (AI). Caaaeii, oaanue i?ioean
noai?aiiy ocaiaeaeaii? iine?aeiaiino? aaiiao?e/ieo iiaeaeae a?oaeii?
caeice iiaeia iiae?eeoe ia ?yae aoai?a, iniiaiei ci?noii ?
ooieoe?iiaeueiei i?ecia/aiiyi eiaeiiai c yeeo ? noai?aiiy a?aeiia?aeii?
AI. sseui oe? aoaie oiiaii ioioiaeieoe c iacaaie noai?thaaieo ai?iaeiaae
eiaeiiai c ieo AI, oi ?o eaioethaeie iaoeia ianooiiee aeaeyae:

ia?aeiia AI( caaeath/a AI( oi?iiooai?thth/a AI( oai?aoe/ia

AI (iiaa?oiy) ( ae?iaie/a AI (?icai?oea)

A?aeiia?aeii c oe??th iine?aeiai?noth ae??ooaaeenue caaea/?
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Noai?aiiy ia?aeiii? oa caaeath/i? AI athnoaaeueoa?iiai ae?iao neeaaea?
aeieiino?oeoi?nueeee aoai i?aeaioiaee aaiiao?e/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i
iiaa?oith a?oaeii? caeice ae?iee.

Ia?aeiia AI. Caaeaiiy iiaa?oi? a?oaeii? caeice ? aaoiiaoeciaaia ??
a?aeoai?aiiy iiaeia aoaeoeaii cae?enieoe eeoa ca iayaiino? ye?nii?
ia?aeiii? aio?iiiiao?e/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? ? iaaiiai iaoaiaoe/iiai iaoiaeo,
yeee aeicaiey? aaeaeaaoii iiaeaethaaoe aeo?aeio iiaa?oith o?ao?e.

sse a?aeiii, i?ae ?ici??ieie iciaeaie aeey i?iaeooaaiiy ei?naoieo
ae?ia?a ?nio? ei?aeyoe?eiee ca’ycie. I?e/iio ?o caeaaei?noue a?ae iciae
iaoaaoo a?oaeae o?aoueiai (IaIII) oa iaoaaoo a?oaeae /aoaa?oiai (IaIV)
iineoue e?i?eiee oa?aeoa?:

Z = a ( IaIII + c ( IaIV + d,
(1)

aea IaIII, ca oeiaie o?ao?, ?nio? a?ae 76ni aei 131ni,

IaIV, ca oeiaie o?ao?, ?nio? a?ae 65ni aei 110ni,

a, n ? d – ei?aeyoe?ei? eiao?oe??ioe.

Oiio, i?e oeiiaiio i?iaeooaaii?, ??ci? ?ici??i? iciaee iiaeia
?ic?aoiaoaaoe ca iciaeaie IaIII oa IaIV.

Aeey caaaeueiiai aeiaaeeo, a yeino? iiia?aaeiuei? iioi?iaoei?, ui
neeaaea? caaeath/o aaiiao?e/io iiaeaeue athnoaaeueoa?iiai ae?iao,
a?aeiia?aeii ?nioth/?e aio?iiieia??, i?eeiyo? 9 aio?iiiiao?e/ieo oi/ie
oa 5 ona?aaeiaieo e?i?eieo e aeoaiaeo iciae (?en.1).

Aaciina?aaei? aecia/aiiy eii?aeeiao caae?yieo aio?iiiiao?e/ieo oi/ie o
i?inoi?? R3 ? caaea/ath i?aeaeuaii? neeaaeiino?. Oiio aoa ni?iaeoiaaiee
niaoe?aeueiee aio?iiiiao?e/iee i?eno??e aeey iiina?aaeeiaaiiai io?eiaiiy
iio??aii? oi/eiai? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i iiaa?oith a?oaeieo caeic, oeyoii
neaioaaiiy oi/ie ca aeiiiiiaith uoi?a. Noaie anoaiiaeaiiy uoi?a oa
ciyooy ?ioi?iaoe?? (aeaeyae caa?oo) iieacai? (?en.2): aeey oi/ie 2- 6 oa
8,9 (?en.2,a); aeey oi/ee 1(?en.2,a); aeey oi/ee 7(?en.2,a).

Io?eiaia ?ici??ia ?ioi?iaoe?y caiineoueny o ea?oeo neaioaaiiy
niaoe?aeueii? oi?ie, aeiiiaith?oueny ?ici??aie onoaiiaee ? neeaaea?
ia?aeiio AI ei?naoiiai ae?iao. Aeeiiai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?eno?ith c ioe?ieith na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/ii? iioeaee ?acoeueoao?a aeey
14 ae?iie aeicaieeee aecia/eoe, ui iaiao?aeiei ? oe?eeii aeinoaoi?i ?
i?iaaaeaiiy o?ueio neaioaaiue.

Caaeath/a AI. Ia?ao?ae a?ae ia?aeiii? AI aei caaeath/i? AI iieyaa? o
?ic?iaoe? aeai?eoio oa noai?aii? i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy aeey
aecia/aiiy /eneiaeo cia/aiue eii?aeeiao (X, Y, Z) aio?iiiiao?e/ieo
oi/ie a?aeiinii o?eaei??ii? nenoaie eii?aeeiao, iia’ycaii? ?c neaioth/ei
i?eno?i?i. Aeey oeueiai aoei aeeiiaii iaoaiaoe/io ia?iaeo (ia?a?aooiie)
ia?aeiii? aaiiao?e/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??. A?aeiia?aei? ooieoe?iiaeuei?
caeaaeiino? io?eiaii ca ?en.2. Oae, eii?aeeiaoe O,Y oi/ie 2-6 oa 8-9
aecia/aii ca ianooiieie caeaaeiinoyie (ca oiiae r=0):

L21(Y2 ; Y = (L21( L22 + B2) /B/2 ,
(2)

aea N – aeiaaeeia i?eno?ith;

A – oe?eia i?eno?ith;

r – ?aae?on no?eie-o?oa i?eno?ith;

L1– aeiaaeeia e?aiai uoia;

L2– aeiaaeeia i?aaiai uoia.

Uia nei?enoaoenue oe??th ?ioi?iaoe??th o na?aaeiaeu? AutoCAD, aoei
aeeiiaii ?? i?aeaioiaeo. I?e i?aeaioiaoe? ?ioa?oaenii? ?ioi?iaoe??,
iaiao?aeii? aeey i?aai?caoe?? aaoiiaoeciaaiiai i?ioeano eiino?othaaiiy
oi?iiooai?thth/eo e?eaeo o na?aaeiaeu? AutoCAD aoee aecia/aii?, ca
aeiiiiiaith ?nioth/eo iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoiae?a, ia?aiao?e ia?a?aooieo
eii?aeeiao oi/ie neaioaaiiy ?c o?eaei??ii? nenoaie eii?aeeiao
neaioth/iai i?eno?ith o aeaiaei??io nenoaio eii?aeeiao ?iai/iai iiey c
a?aeiia?aeiei ?icoaooaaiiyi oi/ie e?eaeo o ciai?oi?o aiaeiaao
eii?aeeiaoieo ieiuei (ai?eciioaeuei?e -“ciia 1”, ”o?iioaeuei?e -“ciia 2”
oa i?io?euei?e “ciia 3”) ? cai?ioiiai ia?aoiaeo c nenoaie eii?aeeiao
?iai/iai iiey aei o?eaei??ii? iiaeae? a?oaeii? caeice.

Oi?iiooai?thth/a AI i?noeoue o?e oi/eiai-iiaeai? oi?iiooai?thth/? e?ea?
(e?ea? 2-ai ii?yaeeo): ei?aiaaa e?eaa (oi/ee 1-2-3-4); iiia?a/ia aeoaa
(oi/ee 1-5-3); aa?oeeaeueia aeoaa (oi/ee 2-5-4), oa o?e a?aeiia?aeieo
noeoiiino? eii?aeeiaoieo aacen?a iie?oeaiei (EAIO) (?en.3). I?e
oeueiio, EAIO aenooiathoue a yeino? ea?oth/eo aia?ao?a ci?ie oi?ie
(aeaoi?iaoe??) oi?iiooai?thth/eo e?eaeo, a u?euei?noue oi/eiaiai ?yaeo
inoaii?o iiaea aooe aoaeue-yeith e caeaaeeoue a?ae caaeaii? oi/iino?
iiaeaethaaiiy ni?iaeoiaaieo e?eaeo.

Oi?iiooai?aiiy e?eaeo cae?enith?oueny eiino?oeoi?ii ia ae?ai? a?ao?/iiai
aeenieath o ?aaeei? ?ioa?aeoeaii? aca?iiae?? c AII oeyoii ea?iaaii?
ci?ie eiio?ao?aoe?? a?aeiia?aeieo EAIO c neio?iiiei a?aenoaaeaiiyi
?acoeueoao?a eiino?othaaiiy.

Oai?aoe/ia AI iiaa?oi? a?oaeii? caeice ooai?th?oueny ca
oi?iiooai?thth/ith aaiiao?e/iith iiaeaeeth, ye iaia?a?aii- oiiia?ao?/ia.
Aeey oeueiai, a yeino? ci?ithaaii? oa??ii? i?eeiyoi caieiaio ei?aiaao
e?eao a?oaeii? caeice. A caeii ci?ie oi?ie oa??ii? (iioi/iiai ia?a??co)
caaeaii noi?iiaaieie iiia?a/iith oa aa?oeeaeueiith e?eaeie. Oaeei /eiii,
caaaeyee iie?oeaieiiei ia?aoai?aiiyi aeiaaaeaii iiaeeea?noue
ia?aoai?aiiy eiio?ao?aoe?? ei?aiaai? e?eai? a?ae nai?? ia?aeiii? oi?ie
aei nineiai? oi/ee ? io?eiaiiy a’?iii-i?inoi?iai? oi?ie oai?aoe/ii?
iiaa?oi? a?oaeii? caeice (?en.4).

Aeey aecia/aiiy iioi/iiai EAIO, ui caaea? iie?oeaieiia ia?aoai- ?aiiy
oa??ii?, i?eeiyoi, ui any iiaa?oiy a?oaeii? caeice i?noeoueny i?ae
aeaiia ieiueiaie: ieiueiith ei?aiaai? e?eai? oa ieiueiith, aeioe/iith
aei iiaa?oi? o nineia?e oi/oe? ye iaea?eueo a?aeaeaeaiith. ??aiyiiy
ieiueie ei?aiaai? e?eai?:

A ox + Ao y + No z + Di = 0
(3)

aecia/a?oueny ca aio?iiiiao?e/ieie oi/eaie neaioaaiiy ? 1,2,3,4 ca
iaoiaeii iaeiaioeo eaaae?ao?a. ??aiyiiy ae?oai? iaiaaeoth/i? ieiueie:

O + De = 0,
(4)

aea ia?aiao? De aecia/a?oueny eii?aeeiaoith “o” oi/ee neaioaaiiy ? 5.

Eiao?oe??ioe ??aiyiiy ieiueie iioi/ii? oa??ii?:

A (t) x + A (t) y + N (t) z + D (t) = 0
(5)

aecia/athoueny ca e?i?eieie caeaaeiinoyie aeaeo:

(6)

aea t — aeayeee iioi/iee ia?aiao?, o iaaeao neioaciaaii? iiaa?oi? 0( t (
1.

Oi/ee 1t, 2t, 3t, 4t ia?aoeio ieiueie iioi/ii? oa??ii? c iai?yiieie
e?eaeie iiaa?oi? (aa?oeeaeueiith Aea oa iiia?a/iith Aei aeoaaie)
aecia/athoue eii?aeeiaoiee aacen /ioe?eoeaieie (EA4O). Ci?ia EA4O caaea?
iie?oeaieiia ia?aoai?aiiy ei?aiaai? i?iia?aco, oi aecia/a? oi?io
iioi/ii? oa??ii? iiaa?oi?. I?eeiath/e aei oaaae, ui ieiueie oa??ieo ia ?
ia?aeaeueieie, oi a ?acoeueoao? aoaea io?eiaia oiiaii-oiiia?ao?/ia
iiaa?oiy aai iiaa?oiy c iie?oeaieiii-iiae?aieie ia?a??caie.

Ciaoiaeaeaiiy oi/ee ia?aoeio ieiueie c e?eaith caiaeeoueny aei
aeae?eaiiy a?ae??cea i?yii? (eaiee ai?ieneioth/i? eaiaii?), ui ia?aoeia?
caaeaio ieiueio, oa aecia/aiiy oi/ee ?o cono??/?.

Aiae?oe/ii oea ?aae?co?oueny ia iniia? oaei? nenoaie ??aiyiue:

(7)

aea ia?o? o?e ??aiyiiy caaeathoue a?ae??cie i?yii? (eaieo eaiaii?) i?ae
oi/eaie (i) oa (i+1) aeene?aoiiai ea?eano e?eai?, a inoaii? ? ??aiyiiyi
n?/ii? ieiueie, ( — iioi/iee ia?aiao? o iaaeao a?ae??ceo , 0 ( ( ( 1.

Ioaea ea?iaaio ci?io iiaa?oi? a?oaeii? caeice cae?eniaii oeyoii
oe?eani?yiiaaii? ci?ie eiio?ao?aoe?? oi?iiooai?thth/eo e?eaeo ye
iie?oeaieiieo ia?aoai?aiue ?o i?iia?ac?a. I?e oeueiio eiaeai aoai oaeiai
iiooeiaiai aa??aoeaiiai i?ioeano eiino?othaaiiy oi?ie oai?aoe/ii?
iiaa?oi? a?oaeii? caeice a?aeoai?th?oueny ia ae?ai? aeenieay c
iiaeeea?noth caiai’yoiaoaaiiy aecia/aieo aa??aio?a.

Aeey iiaiioe ?ioi?iaoe??, uiaei iiaeaeueoiai ?icai?oaiiy, oai?aoe/io
iiaa?oith a?oaeii? caeice caaeaii n?oeith o?ainaa?naeueieo U-V-e?i?e
(ea?eanii) , iaeia c yeeo i?ioiaeeoue /a?ac aa?oeio oiiia?ao?/ii?
iiaa?oi?, a ae?oaa yaey? niaith noeoii?noue ia?a??c?a iiaa?oi?
ia?aeaeueieie ieiueiaie. E?euee?noue e?i?e Nu U-n?iaenoaa (n?iaenoaa
oa??ieo) aecia/a?oueny e?ieii (t ia/eneaiiy ieiuei oa??ieo ca
caeaaei?noth:

A (t) x + A (t) y + N (t) z + D (t) = 0
(8)

e i?ae?aoiao?oueny ca oaeith oi?ioeith:

Nu = int (1 / (t ) + 1 (9)

E?euee?noue e?i?e Nv V-n?iaenoaa (n?iaenoaa iiacaeiaaei?o n?/ieo, ui
i?ioiaeyoue /a?ac nineiao oi/eo) caeaaeeoue a?ae oi/eiaiai ianeao Eo
aeene?aoii-iiaeaii? oa??ii? oa e?eueeino? oi/ie (Ev (e?iee n?oee) i?ae
non?aei?ie V-e?i?yie ea?eano:

Nv = int (Eo / (Ev ) + 1 (10)

?acoeueoaoii oeueiai ? iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue, ui yaey? niaith oi/eiaee
ea?ean (yeee iiaea iiaeaaaoenue o aeaeyae? e?i?eiiai ea?eano)
oai?aoe/ii? iiaa?oi? a?oaeii? caeice.

Aa??aoeaia ae eiino?othaaiiy oai?aoe/ii? iiaa?oi? a?oaeii? caeice, ui
a?aeiia?aea? ?nioth/ei anoaoe/iei oyaeaiiyi ca oiiae iaeii/aniiai
caaeiaieaiiy a?aiiii?/ieo, a?a??i?/ieo oa iaaee/ieo aeiia
cae?enith?oueny oeyoii aeaoi?iaoe?? oi?iiooai?thth/eo e?eaeo c
o?aooaaiiyi eiao?oe??io?a noeniaiiy Ei oa EA.

Aeiaaeeia iiia?a/ii? aeoae AeI a?aeiia?aea? caeaaeiino?:

lI = EI AeI, (11)

aea 0,85( EI (1,0.

Aeiaaeeia aa?oeeaeueii? aeoae AeA a?aeiia?aea? caeaaeiino?:

lA = EA AeA , (12)

aea 0,85( EA (1,0.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? noai?aii oai?aoe/i? iniiae i?eioeeio ?icai?oaiiy
iiaa?oi? a?oaeii? caeice ? a?aeiia?aeii aei oeueiai ?ic?iaeaii
aeai?eoi?/iee aia?ao ?icai?oee-cai?oee iiaa?oi?; cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiae
ia’?iiiai aaoiiaoeciaaiiai eiino?othaaiiy iiaeaeae athnoaaeueoa??a.

I?e eiino?othaaii? ei?naoieo ae?ia?a, iiaa?oiy a?oaeii? caeice ?c
neeaaeiei caeiiii ooai?aiiy, iiae?ey?oueny ca e?i?yie n?oee ia neeaaeia?
/anoeie, ui ocaiaeaeaii c ia?aaeaa/oaa-iith eiino?oeoe??th /aoee. Aeey
eiaeii? neeaaeiai? /anoeie iiaa?oi? oi/eiao ?ioi?iaoe?th neiiiiiiaaii
oaeei /eiii, uia ia iiaa?oi? aeae?eyeenue aea? n?i’? o?ainaa?naeueieo
nioa- iaeia n?i’y nioa aiiia?ae ?ioi? (?en.5). Eiaeio nioao iiaeaii o
aeaeyae? eoneiai-e?i?eii? e?i?e/aoi?, o caaaeueiiio aeiaaeeo
ia?icai?ooaaii? iiaa?oi?.

A ?acoeueoao? oeueiai io?eio?oueny iiaa?oiy, ui yaey? niaith noeoii?noue
c?noeeiaaieo a?e?i?eieo a?aen?e?a (ii?oe?e iiaa?oi?), ye? o
iiaeaeueoiio ?icai?oathoueny a?aeiinii aecia/aieo nioa U-V-e?i?e.

I?e oeueiio iaea?aeaia iiaa?oiy i?ae non?aei?ie aa?oeiaie eaiaieo (e?-

i?e n?oee) aecia/a?oueny o aeaeyae? iaane?nii? ieiueie, ??aiyiiy yei? o

caaaeueiiio aeiaaeeo ia? oaeee aeaeyae:

(13)

i+1 (U)- iai?yii? e?i?? (e?i?? n?oee) iiaa?oi?,

U oa V- ia?aiao?e.

C aiae?co niinia?a iiaoaeiae ?icai?oie e?eaeo iacaeiiii??ieo iiaa?oiiue
anoaiiaeaii, ui iaeoe?oa i?aeoe/ia canoinoaaiiy ciaeoee iaoiaee, a
iniiao ?icai?oaiiy yeeo iieeaaeaii ?icai?oaiiy a?e?i?eieo ii?oe?e
iiaa?oi?. Oiio aeey eiaeii? a?e?i?eii? ii?oe?? iiaa?oi? a?oaeii? caeice
aeei?enoaii aa??aioe ?icai?oaiiy iiaa?oi?, ye “ona?aaeiaii?“
o?eaiaoeyoe?? ? ye aio/ei? ee?o?.

20

Aeae?eeaoe aea? aieiai? nioae, ui ooai?ththoue o?ano ? iine?aeiaii
i?enoeeiaoth/e aei ieo a?ae ?o ia?aoeio ?icai?oee a?e?i?eieo ii?oe?e
iiaa?oi?, aeeiio?oueny ?icai?oaiiy /anoei iiaa?oi? c aenieith oi/i?noth.

I?iaaaeaia i?aeoe/ia ai?iaaoe?y i?aoeacaeaoiino? aeaio aeai?eoi?a
?icai?oaiiy, c ioe?ieith oi/iino? iaea?aeoaaieo ?icai?oie, iieacaea
iiyao cia/ii? iioeaee o cii? ?icai?oee, iaaeeaeai?e aei nineiai? oi/ee
(aa?oeie iiaa?oi?). A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiai eiii’thoa?iiai
aenia?eiaioo aecia/aii ca aeioe?eueia ?icai?oeo an??? oai?aoe/ii?
iiaa?oi? a?oaeii? caeice aeeiioaaoe ie?aii aeey eiaeii? c aeaio
iiaa?oiiue, ia ye? iiia?aaeiuei iiae?ey?oueny aeno?aeia iiaa?oiy. E?i?y
iiae?eo ia ?en.5 iieacaia ioieoe?iith e?i??th. I?e oeueiio, c? neeaaeo
an??? iiaa?oi? a?oaeii? caeice aeae?ey?oueny eii?/ia iiaa?oiy (iaea?eueo
aeaoi?iiaaia) ? iniiaia (ieaeiy) /anoeia aeno?aeii? oiiaii-oiiia?ao?/ii?
iiaa?oi?. Cacia/aiee iiae?e ni?ey? i?aeaeuaiith oi/iino? ?icai?oaiiy
eiaeii? c /anoei iiaa?oi?.

I?enineiaa (eii?/ia) /anoeia ?icai?oa?oueny ca a?aoi-aiae?oe/iei
aeai?eoiii c ia?enii? aaiiao???, a iniiaia ca i?eioeeiii cacia/aiei
aeua.

Aeey iaea?aeaiiy oe?e?nii? ?icai?oee ae?eyiee iiae?eo iiaa?oi? ?icai?oea
eii?/ii? /anoeie “iaoyao?oueny” oae, uia i?i?iaeueii e ??aiii??ii
aeaoi?ioth/e ??, onoiooe u?eeie i?ae iaiia ?icai?oeaie.

Oaeee i?eioeei ?icai?oaiiy canoiniao?oueny aeey eiaeii? aeaoae? /aoee,
ia caeaaeii a?ae e?eueeino? ?? /eaioaaiue. Aenia?eiaioaeueii aeiaaaeaia
iiaeeea?noue io?eiaiiy ?icai?oie aeaoaeae /aoee ca aoaeue-yeei aa??aioii
eeaneo?eaoe?eieo a?ao-no?oeoo?.

Ioaea, ae?iaie/a AI yaey? niaith ieaneo aeene?aoii-oi/eiao
o?ainaa?naeueio n?oeo, ui ? ?icai?oeith caaeaieo ae?eyiie oai?aoe/ii?
iiaa?oi? a?oaeii? caeice.

?aae?ciaaiee o ?iaio? niin?a ?icai?oaiiy iiaa?oiiue iaaeaa iiaeeea?noue
?ic?iaeoe aeai?eoie ?icai?oee-cai?oee oi/eiai-iiaeaieo e?eaeo, ui
iaeaaeaoue iiaa?oi? aai ?? ?icai?ooe?.

Ia?aianaiiy e?i?e iiae?eo c ?icai?oee ia iiaa?oith cae?eniaii i?ia?aiiei
/eiii ca ?ic?iaeaieie aeai?eoiaie i?yiiai (iiaa?oiy-?icai?oea) ?
cai?ioiiai (?icai?oea-iiaa?oiy) ia?aianaiiy e?i?e iiae?eo. A ?acoeueoao?
oaeiai ?ioa?aeoeaiiai i?ioeano, c a?coae?caoe??th eiai ?acoeueoao?a,
io?eio?oueny eiino?oeoe?y, ui a?aeiia?aea? anoaoe/iei aeiiaai.

I?e eiino?othaaii? noaio, ei?aiaao e?eao oai?aoe/ii? iiaa?oi? a?oaeii?
caeice i?eeiyoi noe/iith /aoee c noaiii. Caaaeyee oeueiio
caaacia/o?oueny oi/i?noue ?o c‘?aeiaiiy o aioiaiio ae?ia?. Oo?eiaiiy
noaio ia o?ao?? ae?iee caeaaeeoue a?ae inaiee o?ao?e. ?icai?oaiiy eiai
aieiai? /anoeie a?aeiinii eoo?a ( oa (, ye? caeaaeaoue a?ae aeeaeie
i?iaeio oae?? (Ao1) i?eaaaeaii ia ?en.6.

A?aoae? i?iaeoothoueny aeecaeia?ii ca?aeii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii oe?ei?
a?aoaeae oa ?o oi?o?eaoe??, ye? aeei?enoiaothoueny ia oaaeieo
i?aei?e?inoaao.

Ca eiioo?aie io?eiaieo aeaoaeae ?icai?oie aecia/aieo ae?eyiie iiaa?oi?,
c aeiaeaaaiiyi i?eione?a ia oae aoaeothoueny inoaoi/i? eaeaea aeaoaeae
athnoaaeueoa?a ca i?aaeeii iiaoaeiae aea?aeenoaioieo e?eaeo. Oea
?aae?ciaaii caniaaie AutoCAD o ?ioa?aeoeaiiio ?aaeei?.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeaii iien eiii’thoa?iiai aeecaeio
athnoaaeueoa?ieo ae?ia?a ia iniia? noai?aii? nenoaie, iieacaii caaaeueio
ooieoe?iiaeueio no?oeoo?o NAI? «KORSET», iienaii iniiai? neeaaeia?
oaeeiai? nenoaie e i?ia?aiieo iiaeoe?a, aeeiiaii aeieeaaeiee iien
iiaiiai oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano eiii’thoa?iiai eiino?othaaiiy
athnoaaeueoa?iiai ae?iao e iienaii ai?iaaaeaeaiiy cai?iiiiiaaii?
oaoiieia?? i?ioeano eiino?othaaiiy o ae?iaie/o i?aeoeeo.

?aae?caoe?y eiii’thoa?iiai aeecaeio aeeiiaia o na?aaeiaeu? AutoCAD.
Aeecaeia?o iaaea?oueny iiaeeea?noue eiino?othaaoe («e?ieoe») oai?aoe/io
iiaa?oith a?oaeii? caeice, ui aecia/a? oi?io /aoee athnoaaeueoa?a,
aa??thth/e oi?io iiia?a/ii? e aa?oeeaeueii? aeoa, a iaaeao noeniaiiy aei
15 a?aenioe?a, c iaeii/aniei ci?iaei a?aenoaaeaiiyi ci?ie oi?ie
noai?thaaii? iiaa?oi?. I?e eiii’thoa?iiio aeecaei? aeae?ey?oueny 4
aoaie:

( ?ioa?aeoeaia aa??aoeaia eiino?othaaiiy oai?aoe/ieo iiaa?oiiue
a?oaeieo caeic. Ca caaeaieie aeecaeia?ii oi?iiooai?thth/eie e?eaeie
aaiiao?e/i? iiaeae? oaeeo iiaa?oiiue io?eiothoueny aaoiiaoe/ii ca
niaoe?aeueii ?ic?iaeaiith i?ia?aiith;

( iiae?e oai?aoe/ii? iiaa?oi? ia caaeaio e?euee?noue ae?eyiie c
ianooiiith ?o ?icai?oeith ia ieiueio. Ca?eueoaiiy ?o e?eueeino?
i?ecaiaeeoue aei ciaioaiiy ieiu? eiaeii? c ieo ? cia/ii i?aeaeuo?
oi/i?noue io?eioaaieo ?icai?oie, i?ioa i?aeaeuo? i?aoeai?noe?noue
i?ioeano eiino?othaaiiy;

( ia ?icai?oeao aeae?eaieo ae?eyiie ni?iaeoiaaii? oai?aoe/ii? iiaa?oi?
a?oaeii? caeice eiino?oeoi? (aeecaeia?) ia na?e ?icnoae caaea? eiioo?
eiaeii? c ieo e niinoa??aa? ia ae?ai? aeenieay ca a?aeoai?aiiyi oeeo
e?i?e aaciina?aaeiuei ia iai/iiio cia?aaeaii? iiaa?oi? (?en.7). Oiaoi,
«iaeyaa?» iiaa?oith o noai?thaaiee ae??a ? a?coaeueii aecia/a? eiai
anoaoe/i? yeino?. Oeae i?ioean ia? ?oa?aoeaiee oa?aeoa?, a?aeaoaa?oueny
o ?ioa?aeoeaiiio ?aaeei? e o?eaa? aeioe, aeiee ia aoaea io?eiaia
caaeia?eueia eiino?oeoe?y /aoee athnoaaeueoa?a;

( eiino?othaaiiy ?ioeo aeaoaeae, ui ocaiaeaeothoueny nai?th oi?iith c
/aoeith (iiaa?oiath a?oaeii? caeice).

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe aeeiioaaeanue a oiiaao AO «Aei??y» a
i.Ee?a?. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy eiii‘thoa?ii? oaoiieia?? i?ioeano iiaoaeiae
athnoaaeueoa?ieo ae?ia?a ia? iaai? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? iane?aeee,
na?aae yeeo cia/ia nei?i/aiiy i?ioeano i?iaeooaaiiy, c??no
i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe? oa ci?ia ?? oa?aeoa?o. Iaaaaeaia iaoiaeeea
ci?ith? iine?aeiai?noue i?iaeooaaiiy , iie?ioo? ye?noue iiaeaeae oa
ni?ey? nei?i/aiith oa?i?i?a ?ic?iaee ? oaeaeeiio ai?iaaaeaeaiith
eiino?oeoe?e iiaeo oi?i. Cieea? iaiao?aei?noue aeei?enoaiiy iaiaeai?a ?
caa??aaiiy eaeae.

AI — 47%. Aeaioiaeai? eiino?oeoe?? ??cieo oi?i ia iaeio oeiiao o?ao?o
ca iine?aeiai?noth eiii`thoa?iiai i?iaeooaaiiy athnoaaeueoa??a
aeiaiaeyoue aenieo oi/i?noue a?aeoai?aiiy oi?na ae?iee-ia?oiaeaea?aea oa
caaeiaieueiythoue no/aniei aeiiaai, ye? i?aae`yaeythoueny niiaeeaa/aie
aei oaeeo ae?ia?a.

Caaaeuei? aeniiaee ii ?iaio?

1. C aiae?co e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae anoaiiaeaii:

– a ?nioth/eo ia aeaiee /an iaoiaeao iiaoaeiae aeaoaeae eiino?oeoe??
ei?naoieo ae?ia?a athnoaaeueoa?ii? a?oie oi?ia ae?ia?a caaea?oueny
e?aneaiiyi eiino?oeoe??, yea io?eiaia ?ic?aooieiai-a?ao?/iei niiniaii,
ui ?noioii oneeaaeith? a?aeoai?aiiy iaiao?aeii? ia’?iii? oi?ie
athnoaaeueoa?ieo ae?ia?a ? aeiaaa? ?o iaia’yceiai? ei?aeoe?? oeyoii
i?ei??thaaiiy;

– no/ani? ei?naoi? ae?iae aeaioiaeythoueny iaei??? oi?ie ia iaiaaeaio
e?euee?noue oeii?ici???a, ia a?aoiaothoue ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?
aiaoiii-o?c?ieia?/i? iniaeeaino? aoaeiae ae?ii/iai o?ea oa ia
ocaiaeaeothoueny c iiaeith, ui ia caaeiaieueiy? niiaeeaa/?a;

– ??ciiiai?oi?noue oi?i ei?naoieo ae?ia?a a ?o aaiethoe?eiiio ?icaeoeo
aeiaiaeeoue iacaeiiii??i?noue i?eioeei?a oi?iiooai?aiiy oa
iaiao?aei?noue aeei?enoaiiy i?ia?aeieo iaoiae?a i?eeeaaeii? aaiiao???
iiaa?oiiue i?e noai?aii? eiino?oeoe?e.

2. Anoaiiaeaii neeaae ?ici??ieo iciae, ye? aecia/athoue
oi?iiiiaeaethth/? ia?aiao?e iiaa?oiiue a?oaeieo caeic oa can?a ?o
io?eiaiiy, ui neeaaeathoue ia?aeiio aaiiao?e/io iiaeaeue oi?ie a?oaeii?
caeice.

3. Noai?aii iaoiaee/ia, iaoaiaoe/ia oa i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy
o?ai-noi?iaoe?? ia?aeiii? aaiiao?e/ii? iiaeae? o caaeath/o AI oeyoii
ia?a?aooieo ia’?iii-i?inoi?iaeo eii?aeeiao o ?iai/a iiea AutoCAD.

4. I?iaaaeaii aaeaioaoe?th iaoaiaoe/iiai aia?aoo iie?oeaieiieo
ia?a-oai?aiue, uiaei oi?ioaaiiy iiaa?oi? aei aoaeue yei? caaeaii? oi?ie
a?oaeii? caeice c o?aooaaiiyi o?c?ieia?/ii-iaaacia/ieo cii.

?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee/ia, iaoaiaoe/ia oa i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy
?icai?oee-cai?oee neeaaeiaeo /anoei oai?aoe/ii? iiaa?oi? a?oaeii? caeice
a?aeiinii U-V-e?i?e ?c canoinoaaiiyi iaoiae?a ona?aaeiaii? o?eaiaoeyoe??
oa aio/ei? ee?o?.

?ic?iaeaii eiii’thoa?iee aeecaei, ui aeicaiey? iiaeaethaaoe aeaoae?
eii-

no?oeoe?? athnoaaeueoa?ieo ae?ia?a ca eiino?oeoeaii-aeaei?aoeaiei
ono?i?i, ye a ia’?i? oae ? ia ieiuei?.

7. Io?eiaii caieiaiee, oeeee?/iee, oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean, ?aae?ciaaiee
o aeaeyae? NAI? «KORSET», yeee caaacia/o? ?ioa?aeoeaiee,
aaaaoiaa??aioiee iiooe eiino?oeoe?e aaaeaieo oi?i.

8. Io?eiaii iiceoeai? ioe?iee i?aeoe/ii? ?aae?caoe?? eiii’thoa?ii?
oao-iieia?? ia AO «Aei??y».

Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii oae? ?iaioe:

Ae?eeei E.A., Nooai A.E., Oa?ooeiia A.E. I iaiaoiaeeiinoe o/aoa
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo aiaoiii-oeceieiae/aneeo oaeoi?ia i?e eiino?oe?iaaiee
ei?naoiuo ecaeaeee // Eaaea i?iieneia?noue. — 1997. -?1. — N.17.

A???eei ?.A., Nooai A.O. Oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a iiaoaeiae ?icai?

oie — iaieiiie aeey eiino?othaaiiy ei?naoieo ae?ia?a // Iaoeia?
i?aoe?. E.: AeAEIO.-*.1.- 1995. — N.11.

3. A???eei ?.A., Nooai A.O. Aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoiae?a oi?iiooai?aiiy
ei?-naoieo ae?ia?a // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue iieiaeeo a/aieo oa
nooaeaio?a. E.: AeAEIO.- *.1.- 1996. — N.36.

4. A???eei ?.A., Nooai A.O., Aei?ioaiei TH.I. Iie?oeaieii? ia?aoai?aiiy
o aa??aoeaiiio eiino?othaaii? ei?naoieo ae?ia?a // Eaaea i?iieneia?noue.
Iaoeia? i?aoe? iieiaeeo a/aieo oa nooaeaio?a. E. — *.1.- 1997. — N.
9-10.

5. A???eei ?.A., Nooai A.O., Aei?ioaiei TH.I. Eiii’thoa?iee aeecaei
ei?naoieo ae?ia?a athnoaaeueoa?ii? a?oie // Eaaea i?iieneia?noue.
Iaoeia? i?aoe? iieiaeeo a/aieo oa nooaeaio?a. E..- *.1.-1998. — N.24-26.

6. A???eei ?.A. Aaiiao?e/i? iiaeae? o eiino?othaaii? e i?aeaioiaoe?
ae-?iaieoeoaa ei?naoieo ae?ia?a // I?eee.aaiiao??y oa ?iae. a?ao?ea.-
E.: EAeOOAA, 1997.- Aei.62.- N.214-217.

7. Aei?ioaiei TH.I., A???eei ?.A., ssoeaiei A.A. Eiino?othaaiiy oiiaii-
oi-iia?ao?/ieo iiaa?oiiue c iie?oeaieiii-iiae?aieie ia?a??caie aeey
oe?eae oaaeii? aaeoc? // I?eee.aaiiao??y oa ?iae. a?ao?ea.- E.: EAeOOAA,
1996.- Aei.61.- N.152-156.

8. A???eei ?.A. Io?eiaiiy ia?aeiii? aaiiao?e/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? aeey
?iaee-a?aeoaeueiiai eiino?othaaiiy athnoaaeueoa?ieo ae?ia?a // O?oaeu
1-ie iaaeaeoia?iaeiie eiioa?aioeee «Nia?aiaiiua oaoiieiaee
?ano?ni-yia?ainaa?aaeaiey». E.: 1997.- N.106-108.

9. A???eei ?.A., Nooai A.O., Aei?ioaiei TH.I. Eiii’thoa?ia oaoiieia?y
?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai eiino?othaaiiy ei?naoieo ae?ia?a // Ca??iee noaoae
«?iaeaia?ia a?ao?ea oa aaiiao?e/ia iiaeaethaaiiy ?c canoinoaaiiyi
eiii’thoa?ii? oaoiieia??». ??aia, 1997. — N.18-21.

10. Oeeeiiiiaa O.A., Ae?eeei E.A., Aiiiiiaa I.A. Enneaaeiaaiey ii
ii?aaeaeaieth enoiaeiuo aeaiiuo i?e i?iaeoe?iaaiee ei?naoiuo ecaeaeee
//Oacenu aeieeaaeia iao/iie eiioa?aioeee iieiaeuo o/aiuo e nooaeaioia.
E.: AeAEIO. -1993. — N.24.

11. Oeeeiiiiaa O.A., Ae?eeei E.A. ?ac?aaioea ?aoeeiiaeueiuo aaciauo
eiino?oeoeee ei?naoiuo ecaeaeee athnoaaeueoa?iie a?oiiu n o/aoii
aiaoiie/aneeo e oeceieiae/aneeo oaeoi?ia // Oace aeiiia?aeae iaoeiai?
eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo oa nooaeaio?a. E.: AeAEIO. -1994. —
N.24-25.

?ACTHIA

A???eei ?.A.Oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a oi?iiooai?aiiy ei?naoieo ae?ia?a. —
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.19.04-«Oaoiieia?y oaaeieo ae?ia?a». Aea?aeaaia
aeaaeai?y eaaei? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie. Ee?a.1999?.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy iioae?eiaaii o 11 ioae?eaoe?yo. ?iaioa i?noeoue
oai?aoe/i? oa aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy ii aaeineiiaeaiith
i?ioeano i?iaeooaaiiy athnoaaeueoa?ieo ae?ia?a.

Aia?oa ?ic?iaeaii eiiieaenio eiii’thoa?io oaoiieia?th ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai
i?iaeooaaiiy ei?naoieo ae?ia?a athnoaaeueoa?ii? a?oie. I?iaaaeaii
aaeaioaoe?th iaoaiaoe/iiai aia?aoo i?eeeaaeii? aaiiao??? iiaa?oiiue aeey
?ic?iaee oi?iiooai?aiiy iiaa?oi? a?oaeieo caeic. ?ic?iaeaii aia?ao
aeaoi?iaoeaiiai eiino?othaaiiy oi?iiooai?thth/eo e?eaeo a?oaeii? caeice
?c caeo/aiiyi iie?oeaieiieo ia?aoai?aiue, yeee oiiaeeeaeth? ?aae?caoe?th
aa??aoeaiiai iiooeiaiai i?ioeano noai?aiiy oai?aoe/ii? iiaa?oi? a?oaeii?
caeice aaaeaii? oi?ie. ?ic?iaeaii eiii’thoa?iee aeecaei athnoaaeueoa?ieo
ae?ia?a.

I?eaaaeaii aeai? c aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aaoiiaoeciaaia i?iaeooaaiiy, ?ioa?aeoeaiee ?aaeei,
oiiia?ao?/ia iiaa?oiy, aeaoi?iaoeaia eiino?othaaiiy oi?iiooai?thth/eo
e?eaeo, oi?iiooai?aiiy iiaa?oi? a?oaeii? caeice, ?icai?oea-cai?oea.

SUMMARY

Inna V. Birillo. The improvement of corset products formation
methods. — Manuscript.

Dissertation towards degree of Phylosofy Doctor in speciality 05.19.04
«Technology of sewing articles». State Academy of Light Industry of
Ukraine. Kyiv. 1999.

Main principles have been published in 11 publications. The work
contains theoretical and experimental investigations on the improvement
of the process of the corset articles design.

The individual design complex computer technology of brassiere’s group
corset products is worked out for the first time. The adaptation of
mathematical apparatus of applied geometry of surfaces for elaboration
of breast glands formation was carried out. Moreover, the following
developments was carried out: the apparatus of deformational
construction of formative curves of breast gland with polycloth
transformations attraction, witch makes more possible the realization
of varied searching process of theoretical breast glands surface
design in desired form; the methods of computer design of brassiere’s
products. The data on the efficiency of the use of the investigation
results are provided.

Key words: automatic designing, interactive condition, topographic
surface, deformational construction of formative curves, breast glands
surface formation, unfolding-rolling up.

?ACTHIA

Ae?eeei E.A. Oniaa?oainoaiaaiea iaoiaeia oi?iiia?aciaaiey ei?naoiuo
ecaeaeee athnoaaeueoa?iie a?oiiu. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo

iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.19.04 «Oaoiieiaey oaaeiuo ecaeaeee».
Ainoaea?-

noaaiiay aeaaeaiey eaaeie i?iiuoeaiiinoe Oe?aeiu. Eeaa. 1999a.

Iniiaiua iieiaeaiey iioaeeeiaaiu a 11 ioaeeeaoeeyo. ?aaioa niaea?aeeo
oai?aoe/aneea e yenia?eiaioaeueiua enneaaeiaaiey ii niaa?oainoaiaaieth
i?ioeanna i?iaeoe?iaaiey ei?naoiuo ecaeaeee athnoaaeueoa?iie a?oiiu.

Oa?aeoa?enoeea eiino?oeoeaiiai ono?ienoaa e ooieoeeiiaeueiiai iacia/aiey
aeaoaeae athnoaaeueoa?ia iieacaea, /oi iacaaeneii io ?acia?iuo
i?eciaeia, oeiiaoth no?oeoo?o ei?naoiuo ecaeaeee, ii naiaio
eiino?oeoeaiiio ono?ienoao, iiaeii i?aaenoaaeoue a aeaea 5 noaaeeueiuo e
iacaaeneiuo ae?oa io ae?oaa aeieia: 1- a?aoaeue (iniiaiay ianouay
iaa?ocea), 2 — aa?oiyy /anoue /aoee (aeaei?aoeaiay), 3 — ieaeiyy /anoue
/aoee (oi?ie?othuay), 4 — ia?aae noaia (oaea?aeeaathuay), 5 — aieiaay
noi?iia noaia (oaea?aeeaathuay).

Ia iniiaa iaci?a ioa/anoaaiiuo e eiino?aiiuo aeo?iaeia iiae 30-90-oo
eao, niaoeeaeueiie eeoa?aoo?u e aiaeeca eiino?oeoeee aaeuey, eioi?ua
?ac?aaaouaathony oaaeiuie i?aaei?eyoeyie, naeaeai auaiae, /oi ana
?aciiia?acea aiciiaeiuo aa?eaioia eiino?oeoeaiiai no?iaiey
athnoaaeueoa?ia naiaeeony e eeanneoeeaoeeiiiui a?ao-no?oeoo?ai, eioi?ua
aeeth/atho oa?aeoa? iiaeaea?aeee a?oaeae, eiino?oeoeeth /aoee, a?aoaeae
e noaia.

I?iaaaeaiiue aiaeec ?acia?iie oeiieiaee e nouanoaothueo iaoiaeia
iino?iaiey aeaoaeae ei?naoiuo ecaeaeee athnoaaeueoa?ii? a?oiiu iieacae,
/oi ie iaeei ec nouanoaothueo niiniaia eiino?oe?iaaiey aeaoaeae
ei?naoiuo ecaeaeee ia i?aaeoniao?eaaao au/eneaiee, naycaiiuo n
eciaiaieai oi?iu e ?acia?ia ioaeaeueiuo aeaoaeae a ninoaaa aioiaiai
ecaeaeey, a ?acia?iua oa?aeoa?enoeee oeiiauo oeao?, eioi?ua
eniieuecothony a iaoiaeao iino?iaiey eiino?oeoeee aeaoaeae ei?naoiuo
ecaeaeee niaea?aeao aeene?aoiua ?acia?iua i?eciaee, ia iienuaathuea
oi?io iiaa?oiinoe oeao?u e ia o/eouaathuea ?aciiia?acey oi?i a a?aieoeao
iaeiiai oeii?acia?a.

Ii?aaeaeaii, /oi nouanoaothuea iaoiaeu iino?iaiey eiino?oeoeee aeaoaeae
athnoaaeueoa?iuo ecaeaeee ia eiatho oai?aoe/aneiai iainiiaaiey
iino?iaiey oi?iiia?acothueo ?ac?acia aeaoaeae, /oi ia aeaao aiciiaeiinoe
aa?uee?iaaoue ?aciiia?aceai oi?i iiaeaeae e o/eouaaoue
oeceieiae/anee-iianiua ciiu ia iiaa?oiinoe oaea, /oi iiaeao i?eaanoe e
?acee/iui caaieaaaieyi o aeaiuei.

I?e ?aoaiee eiino?oeoi?neeo caaea/ ia i?eiaiythony nia?aiaiiua
iaoaiaoe/aneea iaoiaeu i?eeeaaeiie aaiiao?ee iiaa?oiinoae, oai?ee
eiiiuethoa?iie a?aoeee, iaoiaeu iaoaiaoe/aneiai iiaeaee?iaaiey neiaeiuo
e?eaieeiaeiuo iacaeiiiia?iuo iiaa?oiinoae, eioi?ua ?ac?aoatho ia oieueei
n aeinoaoi/iie oi/iinoueth ainnicaeaaaoue oi?io aioiauo ecaeaeee, ii e
oniaa?oainoaiaaoue e iia?aoeaii iiaeeoeoee?iaaoue eo eiino?oeoeeth n
o/aoii aiaoiii-oeceieiae/aneeo iniaaiiinoae oaea /aeiaaea.

Ia iniiaaiee nouanoaothueo aio?iiieiae/aneeo aeaiiuo, onoaiiaeai ninoaa
?acia?iuo i?eciaeia, eioi?ua ii?aaeaeytho oi?iiiiaeaee?othuea ia?aiao?u
iiaa?oiinoe a?oaeiie aeaeacu e niinia eo iieo/aiey, eioi?ua ninoaaeytho
ia?ae/ioth aaiiao?e/aneoth iiaeaeue oi?iu a?oaeiie aeaeacu.

N iiiiuueth nouanoaothueo iaoaiaoe/aneeo iaoiaeia ii?aaeaeaiu ia-

?aiao?u ia?a?an/aoa eii?aeeiao oi/ae neaie?iaaiey n o?aoia?iie nenoaiu
eii?aeeiao neaie?othuaai ono?ienoaa a aeaooia?ioth nenoaio eii?aeeiao
?aai/aai iiey a n?aaea AutoCAD, n niioaaonoaothuei ?aniieiaeaieai oi/ae
e?eauo, ai aiaoieo aiaeiaao eii?aeeiaoiuo ieineinoae (ai?eciioaeueiie
-“ciia 1”, o?iioaeueiie -“ciia 2” e i?ioeeueiie “ciia 3”) e ia?aoiiai
ia?aoiaea n nenoaiu eii?aeeiao ?aai/aai iiey e o?aoia?iie iiaeaee
a?oaeiie aeaeacu.

I?iaaaeaiiay aaeaioaoeey iaoaiaoe/aneiai aiia?aoa iieeoeaiaauo
i?aia?aciaaiee, aeey aeaoi?iaoeaiiai eiino?oe?iaaiey e iiaeaee?iaaiey
oi?iiia?aciaothueo e?eauo oai?aoe/aneie iiaa?oiinoe a?oaeiie aeaeacu
(ei?aiaaie, aa?oeeaeueiie, iiia?a/iie), ?ac?aoaao i?aaeinoaaeoue
eiino?oeoi?o oe?ieea aiciiaeiinoe ioiineoaeueii aa?eaoeaiiai iienea
aeaeaaiie oi?iu a?oaeiie aeaeacu, i?e oneiaee iaeiia?aiaiiiai
oaeiaeaoai?aiey y?aiiiie/aneeo, aeaeaie/aneeo e iaaeeoeeineeo
o?aaiaaiee, n neio?iiiui i?ineaaeeaaieai ?acoeueoaoia eiino?oe?iaaiey e
n aiciiaeiinoueth caiiieiaiey ii?aaeaeaiiuo aa?eaioia.

Aiaeec nouanoaothueo iaoiaeia iino?iaiey ?acaa?oie e?eaieeiaeiuo
iiaa?oiinoae iicaieee oaaaeeoueny a oii, /oi aeey iienaiey a?oaeiuo
aeaeac, iaeeo/oei niiniaii eiino?oe?iaaiey niioaaonoaothuae
oai?aoe/aneie iiaa?oiinoe anoue ea?eanii-eeiaiaoe/aneee, a /anoiinoe
oiiia?aoe/aneee niinia. I?e yoii a ea/anoaa eciaiyaiie ia?acothuae
i?eiyoa caieiooay ei?aiaaay e?eaay a?oaeiie aeaeacu. Caeii eciaiaiey
oi?iu ia?acothuae (oaeouaai na/aiey) caaeai noi?ie?iaaiiuie iiia?a/iie e
aa?oeeaeueiie e?eauie, a eiie?aoiay aa eiioeao?aoeey ii?aaeaeyaony eae
iieeoeaiaaia i?aia?aciaaiea e?eaie-i?iia?aca.

Aeey iieiiou eioi?iaoeee, ioiineoaeueii aeaeueiaeoaai ?acaa?ouaaiey,
oai?aoe/aneay iiaa?oiinoue a?oaeiie aeaeacu caaeaia naoeie
o?ainaa?naeueieo U-V-eeiee (ea?eanii).

?ac?aaioai eiiiuethoa?iue aeecaei athnoaaeueoa?iuo ecaeaeee. Nicaeaiiua
aeai?eoiu i?yiiai (iiaa?oiinoue-?acaa?oea) e ia?aoiiai
(?acaa?oea-iiaa?oiinoue) ia?aianaiey eeiee /eaiaiey aeaee aiciiaeiinoue
?aaeeciaaoue iaoiae iaue?iiiai eiino?oe?iaaiey aeaoaeae athnoaaeueoa?a n
iaeiia?aiaiiie c?eoaeueiie ioeaieie ynoaoe/iinoe ia ye?aia aeenieay.

Aia?aua ?ac?aaioai eiiieaeniue, oeeeee/iue oaoiieiae/aneee i?ioeann
i?iaeoe?iaaiey athnoaaeueoa?iuo ecaeaeee, eioi?ue ?aaeeciaai a aeaea
NAI? «KORSET», e iaania/eaaao eioa?aeoeaiue, iiiaiaa?eaioiue iiene
eiino?oeoeee ethauo oi?i.

I?eaaaeaiu aeaiiua ii yooaeoeaiinoe eniieueciaaiey ?acoeueoaoia
enneaaeiaaiey.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aaoiiaoece?iaaiiia i?iaeoe?iaaiea, eioa?aeoeaiue
?aaeei, oiiia?aoe/aneay iiaa?oiinoue, aeaoi?iaoeaiia eiino?oe?iaaiea
oi?iiia?acothueo e?eauo a?oaeiie aeaeacu, ?acaa?oea-naa?oea.

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