I?I?NOA?NOAI INA?OE OE?A?IE

IAOe?IIAEUeIA A??IE*A AEAAeAI?ss OE?A?IE

OAAOeUe Aaneeue sseiae/

OAeE 658. 114. 45

OAeINEIIAEAIIss IAOAI?CIO NOAI?AIIss OA

I?AeAEUAIIss AOAEOEAIINO? OOIEOe?IIOAAIIss AEOe?IIA?IEO I?AeI?E?INOA

Niaoe?aeuei?noue: 08. 07. 01
“Aeiiii?ea i?iieneiaino?”

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Aei?i?iiao?ianuee — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? aeiiii?ee i?iieneiaino?

Aea?aeaaii? iaoaeo?a?eii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee : Caneoaeaiee i?aoe?aiee aeui? oeiee Oe?a?ie,

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo
iaoe, i?ioani?

Aaiue Oa?an
A?eai?iae/, caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith

aeiiii?ee
i?iieneiaino? Aei?i?iiao?ianueei?

Aea?aeaaii?
iaoaeo?a?eii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee

ni?a?ia?oiee Aeieai?oeia TH??e
Ieaenaiae?iae/-

caa?aeoth/ee a?aeae?eii
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai

caoenoo oa o?oaeiaeo a?aeiinei
OeE i?ioni?eee

i?aoe?aiee?a iaoaeo?a?eii? oa
a??ie/iaeaeiaoaii?

i?iieneiaino? (i.
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee);

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee

ni?a?ia?oiee E?aniiaa
A?eoi??y Aanee?aia —

caa?aeoth/a
eaoaae?ith aeiiii?ee i?aei?e?inoaa

Aeiiaoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo;

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Aea?aeaaiee ?inoeooo i?aoe? ?
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue I?i?noa?noaa i?iieneiai? iie?oeee
Oe?a?ie (i. Oa?e?a).

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 16 ” a?oaeiy 1998?. i 14.00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 08.080.01 i?e Iaoe?iiaeuei?e
a??ie/?e aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 320027, i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee,
27, i?.E.Ia?ena 19, aoae. 1/102.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueii?
a??ie/i? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 320027, i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee,
27, i?.E.Ia?ena, 19.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “ 14 ” eenoiiaaea 1998?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee E 08.080.01,

e.a.i., aeioeaio
I.I.A??ae?i

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Oi?ioaaiiy oeea?e?ciaaii? ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee a
Oe?a?i? iaiiaeeeaa aac ?aaeeeaeueieo ci?i ?nioth/eo a?aeiinei aeaniino?.

I??i?eoaoia caaaeaiiy oeeo ia?aoai?aiue iieyaa? a noai?aii?
iioeaaoe?eiiai iaoai?cio aeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? ? i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? noni?eueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa. A iniia? oeueiai iaoai?cio
iiaeii? aooe iiooaei? ?iioeuene, caeeaaeai? a ?ioa?anao ethaeae oa
iia’ycai? c ?aoi?ioaaiiyi a?aeiinei aeaniino?.

A i?ioean? o?ainoi?iaoe?? a?aeiinei aeaniino? aaeeea oai?aoe/ia ?
i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ia? i?iaeaia noaiiaeaiiy ? ?icaeoeo aeoe?iia?ii?
oi?ie aeaniino?, yea a eiie?aoieo oiiaao Oe?a?ie caeaoia i?eianoe
nooo?aee aeiiii?/iee ? nioe?aeueiee aoaeo. ?acii c oei, ??aaiue iaoeiai?
?ic?iaee i?iaeai aeoe?iia?ii? ae?yeueiino? oa ?? i?aeoe/ia aeei?enoaiiy
a Oe?a?i? aeoaea aeaeae? a?ae iio?aa nueiaiaeaiiy.

A?aenooi?noue a?oioiaieo oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue iicia/a?oueny ia
aace?/? i?aeoe/ieo i?iaeai ? ieoaiue, ui aeieeathoue a i?ioean?
aeoe?iioaaiiy ? ia aeicaieythoue aeinyaoe aieiaii? iaoe — i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa.

Iaaoaeoeaia ?iaioa aeoe?iia?ieo i?aei?e?inoa iaoiiaeaia iaaieie
i?e/eiaie. Ia?o ca ana, nai i?ioean noai?aiiy aeoe?iia?ieo i?aei?e?inoa
(AO) a Oe?a?i? a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae ii?yaeeo noai?aiiy AO a e?a?iao c
?icaeiaieie ?eieiaeie a?aeiineiaie. A oeeo e?a?iao AO noai?thaaeeny, ye
i?aaeei, oeyoii ia’?aeiaiiy eioo?a aeoe?iia??a aeey ?aae?caoe?? ia?aaaa
aeoe?iia?ii? oi?ie ainiiaea?thaaiiy. A Oe?a?i? aeoe?iia?i? i?aei?e?inoaa
noai?ththoueny oeyoii ia?aoai?aiiy ?nioth/eo aea?aeaaieo i?aei?e?inoa oa
oniaaeeiaothoue canoa??eee ae?iaie/ee aia?ao ? aenie? aeo?aoe
ae?iaieoeoaa iaeiieo?aioicaeaoii? i?iaeoeoe??.

Na?aae i?e/ei iaaoaeoeaii? ?iaioe aeoe?iia?ieo i?aei?e?inoa oaeiae
iiaeia aeae?eeoe:

a?aenooi?noue iaoai?cio aaeaioaoe?? iiainoai?aieo aeoe?iia?ieo
i?aei?e?inoa aei oiia ?eieo:

a) i?aei?e?inoaa ia i???ioiaai? ia caaeiaieaiiy ieaoini?iiiaeiiai iiieoo

aioo??oi?o ? ciai?oi?o niiaeeaa/?a a oiiaao eiieo?aioe??;

a) ia ae??oaia i?iaeaia ?ic?iaee no?aoaa?? iiaaae?iee ia
?eieo, yea

iinoa? aeey oe?a?inueeeo i?aei?e?inoa aeineoue
iiaith ? iiee ui

iac?icoi?eith;

a) iacaaeia?eueii cae?enith?oueny iiaeeo?eaoe?y
i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?i

oi?aae?iiy aeoe?iia?ieie i?aei?e?inoaaie.

iaaeineiiae?noue ?nioth/iai iaoai?cio aeoe?iioaaiiy aea?aeaaieo
i?aei?e?inoa:

a) a?i aaco?oueny ia aeei?enoaii? iaaeineiiaeeo iaoiaeee
ioe?iaiiy

aa?oino? iaeia i?aei?e?inoa, ye? i?aeeyaathoue
aeoe?iioaaiith;

a) a?i ia ae??oo? i?iaeaie caoenoo ?ioa?an?a i?inoeo
aeoe?iia??a oa

ia?a?iciiae?eo i?aa aeaniino?;

a) a?i ia noai?th? ia?aaeoiia aoaeoeaiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy
aeoe?iia?ieo

i?aei?e?inoa ? ?aae?caoe?? ia?aaaa aeoe?iia?ii? aeaniino?.

Iaiao?aei?noth aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?ica’ycaiiy cacia/aieo aeua i?iaeai
iaoiiaeaia aeooaeuei?noue ia?aii? oaie aeena?oaoe??, ?? iaoiaee/ia oa
i?aeoe/ia ni?yiiaai?noue.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?? ? aaeineiiaeaiiy
iaoai?cio noai?aiiy ? i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
aeoe?iia?ieo i?aei?e?inoa.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe a aeena?oaoe?? aeeiiai? oae?
caaaeaiiy:

aeine?aeaeaia aaiethoe?y a?aeiinei aeaniino? e aeyaeai? iniaeeaino? oi?i
? a?aeiinei aeaniino? a e?a?iao c ia?ao?aeiith aeiiii?eith;

i?iaiae?ciaai? ?nioth/? iaoiaee ioe?iaiiy aa?oino? iaeia aeoe?iia?ieo
i?aei?e?inoa, noai?aieo ia aac? aea?aeaaieo, ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea
aecia/aiiy ?eieiai? aa?oino? iaeia i?aei?e?inoa;

iaa?oioiaaiee ii?yaeie i?aeaioiaee AO aei aoi?eiii? ai?n?? aeoe?e;

?ic?iaeaia i?ia?aia ia?eaoeiaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue aeey aecia/aiiy
?eieiaeo iiaeeeainoae i?aei?e?inoa;

?ic?iaeai? i?iiiceoe?? uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?i
oi?aae?iiy aeoe?iia?ieie i?aei?e?inoaaie;

iaa?oioiaaiee neeaae ooieoe?e, ui aeaeaaothoueny i?aei?e?inoaaie
anioe?aoeaiei i?aaiai oi?aae?iiy, ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy
aa?oino? oeeo ooieoe?e.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy — i?ioean aeoe?iioaaiiy aea?aeaaieo
i?aei?e?inoa ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy AO.

Ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy — i?iieneia? i?aei?e?inoaa Oe?a?ie ??cieo
aaeocae.

Oai?aoe/iith ? iaoiaee/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy noaee iieiaeaiiy
aeiiii?/ii? oai??? c ieoaiue a?aeiinei aeaniino? ia caniae ae?iaieoeoaa,
caeiiiaeaa/? ? ii?iaoeai? aeoe Oe?a?ie, iaoeia? i?aoe? a?o/eciyieo oa
ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo, iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i? ?ic?iaee, iaoa??aee eiioa?aioe?e
? nai?ia??a.

?ioi?iaoe?eieie iaoa??aeaie aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy noaee io?oe?ei? oa
noaoenoe/i? aeai? i?i oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/i? iieacieee ae?yeueiino?
i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa, ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue, aeeiiaieo ca
aaciina?aaeiuei? o/ano? aaoi?a.

O i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaoaaeeny iaoiaee aeiiii?/iiai,
aeiiii?ei-noaoenoe/iiai, aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/iiai ? a?ao?/iiai aiae?c?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a ianooiiiio:

iaa?oioiaaia no?oeoo?ii-eia?/ia ? nenoaiii-ooieoe?iiaeueia iiaoaeiaa
aeaniino?, aca?iica’yceo oei?a ? oi?i aeaniino?;

aeyaeai? oa nenoaiaoeciaai? a?aei?ii? iniaeeaino? aeoe?iia?ieo
i?aei?e?inoa, noai?aieo ia aac? aea?aeaaieo;

i?e ?ic?iaeaii? iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy ?eieiai? aa?oino? iaeia
i?aei?e?inoa iaa?oioiaaiee iiaee iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae, yeee iieyaa? a
aeueoa?iaoeaiiio ioe?iaii? iaeia oeyoii ni?anoaaeaiiy caeeoeiai?
aa?oino? oa iaea?aeaiiai iaoiaeii eai?oae?caoe?? i?eaooeo;

aia?oa iaa?oioiaaiee aca?iica’ycie aaee/eie aa?oino? iaeia, ii?ie
aeeneiioo ? ia??iaeo aeeneiiooaaiiy, ui aea? ciiao aeyaeoe oaiaeaioe??
ci?iaiiy aa?oino? iaeia i?e aeayeeo cia/aiiyo ii?ie aeeneiioo ? ia??iaeo
aeeneiiooaaiiy;

eiie?aoeciaaiee neeaae ciai?oi?o ? aioo??oi?o oaeoi??a, ui aieeaathoue
ia aea?? ia?eaoeiaiai? no?aoaa?? i?aei?e?inoaa, cai?iiiiiaaia no?oeoo?ia
noaia neeaaeaiiy ieaio ia?eaoeiao, yea i?noeoue iaa?oiooaaiiy ieaio
ia?eaoeiaiai? no?aoaa??, ioe?ieo ?acoeueoao?a ?? ?aae?caoe?? oa aieeao
ia iieacieee ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa;

iaa?oioiaaia aeioe?euei?noue ? i?eioeeie noai?aiiy i?aai?caoe?eii?
no?oeoo?e anioe?aoeaiiai oeio, ui aaco?oueny ia aeaeaaoaaii? ?e iaaieo
oi?aae?inueeeo ooieoe?e aeoe?iia?ieo i?aei?e?inoa;

i?e ?ic?iaeaii? iaoai?cio aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei anioe?eiaaieo no?oeoo?
oa aeoe?iia?ieo i?aei?e?inoa iaa?oioiaaiee neeaae ? ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea
ioe?iaiiy ooieoe?e, ui aeaeaaothoueny i?aei?e?inoaaie.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui:

?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ioe?iaiiy iaeia aea? ciiao ia’?eoeaii ioe?ithaaoe
aa?o?noue i?aei?e?inoa, a?eueo oi/ii oi?ioaaoe noaoooiee oiiae
aeoe?iia?ieo i?aei?e?inoa, aeei?enoiaoaaoe iaea?aeaio ioe?ieo a iioi/i?e
ae?iaie/?e ae?yeueiino? i?e aecia/aii? aaee/eie aii?oecaoe?eieo
a?ae?aooaaiue, noie iiaeaoeo ia iaeii ? o.?i.;

cai?iiiiiaaia noaia i?aeaioiaee ai?oaioa aei aoi?eiii? ai?n?? aeiiiiiaea
cae?enithaaoe aeione aeiaeaoeiai? e?eueeino? aeoe?e c o?aooaaiiyi
?ioa?an?a ai?oaioa ? iioaioe?eieo ?iaanoi??a;

aeyaeaiee aca?iica’ycie ioe?iaiiy iaeia iaoiaeii eai?oae?caoe??
i?eaooeo, ii?ie aeeneiioo ? ia??iaeo aeeneiiooaaiiy aea? ciiao nooo?ai
ni?inoeoe ?ic?aooiee i?e o?eaaeiio ia??iae? aeeneiiooaaiiy;

i?iiiceoe?? uiaei ?ic?iaeaiiy i?ia?aie aeine?aeaeaiiy ?eieiaeo
iiaeeeainoae i?aei?e?inoaa aeathoue iiaeeea?noue iaa?oiooaaoe caaaeueio
no?aoaa?th ?icaeoeo aeoe?iia?ieo i?aei?e?inoa a oiiaao ?eieo;

?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c oi?ioaaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiai? no?oeoo?e
anioe?aoeaiiai oeio iiaeooue aooe ei?enieie i?e noai?aii? aoaeoeaii?
nenoaie oi?aae?iiy aeoe?iia?ieie i?aei?e?inoaaie.

?ic?iaeaia a aeena?oaoe?? i?ia?aia i?iaaaeaiiy eiiieaenieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ?eieo ? ae?iaeaiiy no?aoaa?? i?aei?e?inoaa, iaea?aeai?
aeniiaee ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? i?i no?aoaa?th iiaaae?iee AAO
“Aei?i?iaeca?aeeinueeee aaoi?aiiioiee caaiae” o ia?ao?aeiee aei ?eieiaeo
a?aeiinei ia??iae aeei?enoai? ooieoe?iiaeueieie neoaeaaie i?aei?e?inoaa
i?e ?ic?iaeaii? i?iaiiciiai ieaio ?icaeoeo aeoe?iia?iiai oiaa?enoaa, ui
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny aeoii ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a?ae 8 n?/iy 1998 ?ieo.

Iaa?oioiaai? a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? ia?aaeoiiae ? i?eioeeie noai?aiiy
i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaeo no?oeoo? anioe?aoeaiiai oeio, a oaeiae
a?oioaaiiy ooieoe?e, aeaeaaiaaieo aeoe?iia?ieie i?aei?e?inoaaie, neeaee
iniiao noai?aiiy iiai? no?oeoo?e — eii?aeeiaoe?eiiai oeaio?o
“I?eaei?i?ia’y”, aei yeiai ia aeia?ia?eueieo canaaeao oa?eoee
i?aei?e?inoaa i?noeaai? ? eaaei? i?iieneiaino? Aei?i?iiao?ianueei?
iaeano?, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny aeoii ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a?ae 12 aa?aniy
1996 ?ieo.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. An? iieiaeaiiy iaoeiai? iiaecie ?
i?aeoe/iiai cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?? iaeaaeaoue aaoi?o. A ioae?eaoe?yo,
iaienaieo o ni?aaaoi?noa?, eiai aeeaae iieyaa? a ianooiiiio:

aeeeaaeai? iaoiaee/i? iieiaeaiiy ? aeeiiaiee aiae?c o?iainiaiai noaio
i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa [1].

aeyaeaia iayai?noue aca?iica’yceo aaee/eie aa?oino? iaeia, aecia/aii?
iaoiaeii eai?oae?caoe?? i?eaooeo, ii?ie aeeneiioo ? ia??iaeo
aeeneiiooaaiiy [2];

cai?iiiiiaaia no?oeoo?ia noaia neeaaeaiiy ieaio ia?eaoeiao, yea i?noeoue
iaa?oiooaaiiy ieaio ia?eaoeiaiai? no?aoaa??, ioe?ieo ?acoeueoao?a ??
?aae?caoe?? ? aieeao ia iieacieee ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa [8, 9];

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeiiia?aeaeeny ia II I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“Ia?eaoeia: oai??y ? i?aeoeea”, i. Ee?a, 1998?.; Anaoe?a?inuee?e
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i?e eiioa?aioe??: “I?iaeaie aeiiii?ee oa aaeineiiaeaiiy
aeiiii?/ii? ina?oe o aeu?e oeie? Oe?a?ie”, i. E??iaia?aae, 1998?.;
O?ao?e i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie aeiiii?/ii?
?ioaa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie a ?a?iiaenueeee Nithc: ?aa?iiaeuei? ?
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? aniaeoe”, i. sseoa-Oi?in, 1998?., nai?ia?ao
eaoaae?e aeiiii?ee i?iieneiaino? Aea?aeaaii? iaoaeo?a?eii? aeaaeai??
Oe?a?ie.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii aeanyoue iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue, ye? a?aeia?aaeathoue ?? iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy.

Ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a,
aeniiae?a, nieneo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae (96 iaeiaioaaiue), aeiaeaoe?a
(8), aeeeaaeaia ia 180 noi??ieao ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo, i?noeoue 21
oaaeeoeth, 19 ?enoie?a.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Iinoaaeai? a aeena?oaoe?? iaoa ? caaea/? iaoiiaeee oaeo ?? no?oeoo?o ?
ci?no:

Anooi.

?icae?e I. Nooue oa nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? iniaeeaino? aeoe?iia?ii?
oi?ie aeaniino?.

?icae?e ??. Oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio aeoe?iioaaiiy i?aei?e?inoa.

?icae?e ???. I?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeoe?iia?ieo
i?aei?e?inoa.

Aeniiaee.

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue ia?aii? oaie, aecia/athoueny
iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeine?aeaeai? i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo oi?i ? a?aeiinei
aeaniino? o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei ??aiy ?iaeono??aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai
?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa.

A ?iaio? iaa?oioiaaia no?oeoo?ii-eia?/ia ? nenoaiii-ooieoe?iiaeueia
iiaoaeiaa a?aeiinei aeaniino?. Oeie aeaniino?, ia aeoieo aaoi?a,
a?aeia?aaeathoue eiie?aoiee ?noi?e/iee niin?a ii?aeiaiiy oaeoi??a, oiia
ae?iaieoeoaa ? iiae?eythoueny ia ?iaeea?aeoaeueiee, eieaeoeaiee ?
noni?eueiee. Aiie, a naith /a?ao, iiae?eythoueny ia ??ciiiai?oi? oi?ie
aeaniino?, ye? a?aeia?aaeathoue noia?a/eea?noue aeiiii?/ieo oiia ??
?aae?caoe??.

Aeeiiaiee a ?iaio? aiae?c oeyo?a o?ainoi?iaoe?? i?eaaoii? aeaniino? ?
i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi oiai, ui aaiethoe?y a?aeiinei aeaniino? aecia/a?oueny
??aiai ?icaeoeo i?iaeoeoeaieo nee. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioean?a noaiiaeaiiy,
?icaeoeo ? o?ainoi?iaoe?? i?eaaoii? aeaniino? na?ae/eoue i?i iayai?noue
aeaio oeyo?a ?? ia?aoai?aiiy: aaiethoe?eiiai (ci?ia i?eaaoii? aeaniino?
noni?eueiith — ia aea?aeaaiith — ? ?aaiethoe?eiiai — oeyoii
iaoe?iiae?caoe?? ? ia?aoai?aiiy i?eaaoii? aeaniino? o aea?aeaaio).

O ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiiy oei?a i?eaaoii? aeaniino?, ui iaee i?noea a
??ci? ia??iaee aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo e?a?i c ?eieiaith aeiiii?eith,
anoaiiaeaii, ui iei? i?eaaoia aeani?noue o /enoiio aeaeyae? caa?aaeany o
ae??aiiio a?cian?, a o aaeeeiio ae?iaieoeoa? aecia/io ?ieue noaea
a?ae?a?aaaoe ei?ii?aoeaia (aeoe?iia?ia) aeani?noue, yea oiniaeth? a nia?
?ene noni?eueii-ei?enii? i?aoe? ?, ui iniaeeai aaaeeeai, ononi?eueiaiiy
aeiiii?/ieo oi?i i?enai?iiy ?? ?acoeueoao?a.

O aeena?oaoe?? nenoaiaoeciaai? i?ioe??//y, i?eoaiaii? a?aeiineiai
nioe?ae?noe/ii? aeaniino?, ? iaa?oioiaaia iaiao?aei?noue ?o
o?ainoi?iaoe??.

Aiae?c i?ioean?a o?ainoi?iaoe?? a?aeiinei aeaniino?, ye? i?iaiaeyoueny a
Oe?a?i?, na?ae/eoue, ui oe? ia?aoai?aiiy iaaeinoaoiuei aoaeoeai?.

Ia?o? i?aenoiee ia?aoai?aiue a?aeiinei aeaniino? aeathoue i?aenoaae aeey
aeniiaeo i?i oa, ui aeine?aeaeaiiy i?e/ei iaaaoeaieo ?acoeueoao?a
o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeaniino? iio?aao? nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo, eiiieaeniiai
aiae?co, yeee neeaaea?oueny c aea/aiiy, nenoaiaoecaoe?? ? eiie?aoecaoe??
iniaeeainoae aeiiii?ee iinonioe?ae?noe/ieo e?a?i, ui aieeioee ye ia
i?ioeane noai?aiiy i?aei?e?inoa iiai? oi?ie aeaniino?, oae ? ia oiiae ?o
ooieoe?iioaaiiy.

Iaa?oioiaaii, ui aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio noai?aiiy aeoe?iia?ieo
i?aei?e?inoa iio?aao?, a ia?oo /a?ao, ia’?eoeaii? ioe?iee ?aaeueii?
aa?oino? iaeia i?aei?e?inoa, a oaeiae aaeineiiaeaiiy ii?yaeeo ai?n?? ?
?iciiae?eo aeoe?e.

Aea/aiiy ? eeaneo?eaoe?y ??ciiiai?oieo oaeoi??a, ye? aieeaathoue ia
aoaeoeai?noue ?iaioe aeoe?iia?ieo i?aei?e?inoa, aeicaieeee aeae?eeoe c
ieo o?, ui iaoiiaeai? aeiiii?/iei, oaoi?/iei ? o?iainiaei noaiii
aea?aeaaieo i?aei?e?inoa ia iiiaio ?o i?eaaoecaoe??. Aeoe?iia?i?
i?aei?e?inoaa oniaaeeoaaee a?ae aea?aeaaieo ?o iaeii a oeo aea
ianooaaao, c ae?iaie/eie iiooaeiinoyie, ye? neeaeeny ? ia iiai?noth
aeei?enoiaothoueny, canoa??eeie oaoiieia?yie, iecueeith
eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noth i?iaeoeoe??, a?ii?caeeith ae?iaie/ith
no?oeoo?ith, iaaaeaeaaoiei ianooaaai ae?iaieoeoaa /enaeueiei,
eaae?o?eaoe?eiei ? i?ioan?eiei neeaaeii eaae??a.

Aiane?aeie aiae?co oeyo?a ? cania?a i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeoe?iia?ieo i?aei?e?inoa iaa?oioiaaia ia?oi/a?aia?noue
?ic?iaeaiiy ? ?aae?caoe?? ia?eaoeiaiai? no?aoaa?? iiaaae?iee eiaeiiai
i?aei?e?inoaa a ?eieiaeo oiiaao, yea caaacia/eoue aeinyaiaiiy
iinoaaeaieo oe?eae. Oni?oi?e ?iaio? aeoe?iia?ieo i?aei?e?inoa iiaea
ni?eyoe oaeiae iiooe iiaeo oi?i oi?aae?iiy, cie?aia, noai?aiiy
ia’?aeiaiue anioe?aoeaiiai oeio aeey ?ica’ycaiiy ni?eueieo caaaeaiue,
caniiaaieo ia aeia?ia?eueiiio aeaeaaoaaii? iaaieo oi?aae?inueeeo
ooieoe?e.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e aeena?oaoe?? i?enay/aiee oaeineiiaeaiith iaoiaeeee
ioe?iaiiy aa?oino? iaeia aea?aeaaieo i?aei?e?inoa ? ii?yaeeo ai?n?? oa
?iciiae?eo aeoe?e.

Aeeiiaiee aiae?c iaoiae?a ioe?iaiiy aa?oino? iaeia i?aei?e?inoa, ye?
aeei?enoiaothoueny a e?a?iao c ?eieiaeie a?aeiineiaie aeyaea, ui ia
?nio? ?aeeiiai iiaeyaeo ia oeth i?iaeaio. Aeei?enoiaothoueny ??ci?
iaoiaee ioe?iaiiy iaeia: ca aaeainiaith aa?o?noth aeoea?a; ii??aiyiiyi c
aiaeia?/ieie i?aei?e?inoaaie, ?eieiaa ioe?iea yeeo a?aeiia; ca iioi/iith
ioe?ieith iaeaooi?o aeioiae?a; ia iniia? eiia?iaoe?? ioe?iie,
iaea?aeaieo aeuaiacaaieie iaoiaeaie. Ia?a?aoiaai? iaoiaee iathoue ye
ia?aaaae oae ? iaaeie?ee, a eiaeiee ie?aii acyoee iaoiae a?aoiao? eeoa
/anoeio oaeoi??a, ui aieeaathoue ia ioe?ieo iaeia, ? a oeueiio
a?aeiioaii? iaiaaeaiee.

Iaa?oioiaai? i?eioeeiia? iieiaeaiiy, ye? ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny iieeanoe a
iniiao aeai?o iaoiae?a ioe?iee, iaea?eueo i?eeiyoieo aeey ioe?iaiiy
aa?oino? iaeia i?aei?e?inoa. Aea?? iaoiaeo aaco?oueny ia oiio
iieiaeaii?, ui aoaeue-yeee oiaa?, o oiio /ene? e caniae ae?iaieoeoaa,
ia? aa?o?noue ? niiaeea/o aa?o?noue. Niiaeea/a aa?o?noue cania?a
ae?iaieoeoaa, aeei?enoiaoaaieo o ae?iaieoeoa? iaoa??aeueieo aeaa,
ae?aaea?oueny a ?o caeaoiino? i?eiineoe i?eaooie. Oiio i?e ioe?iaii?
iaeia ? oi?ioaaii? noaoooiiai oiiaeo aeoe?iia?ieo i?aei?e?inoa oe?ie ia
caniae ae?iaieoeoaa ne?ae aecia/aoe ca ?o “eai?oae?ciaaiith” aa?o?noth,
oiaoi /a?ac aeioiae, yeee i?eiinyoue oe? aeoeae, ? ?eieiao noaaeo
i?ioeaioa. Oeueiio i?eioeeio a?aeiia?aea? iaoiae eai?oae?caoe??
i?eaooeo, yeee ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny iieeanoe a iniiao iaoiaeeee ioe?iaiiy
aa?oino? i?aei?e?inoa.

Ca aa?o?noth ioe?ithaai? ia’?eoe noaiiaeyoue niaith o?a/aaeaio ieioeo
i?aoeth, ? aieiaea?th ia aaeaeoaea, ye aeei?enoiaothoueny ?ano?ne,
aeeaaeai? a oe? aeoeae. Oiio ne?ae ni?anoaaeyoe aa?o?noue iaeia,
iaea?aeaio iaoiaeii eai?oae?caoe?? i?eaooeo, c aa?o?noth, aecia/aiith
aaeainiaei iaoiaeii.

Cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy ?eieiai? aa?oino? iaeia i?aei?e?inoa
aaco?oueny ia ni?anoaaeaii? ?acoeueoao?a, iaea?aeaieo iaoiaeii
eai?oae?caoe?? i?eaooeo c o?aooaaiiyi noaio aeoea?a ia iiiaio ioe?iaiiy,
? aaeainiaei niiniaii. O aeiaaeeo, eiee i?e ni?anoaaeaii? ioe?iea
iaoiaeii eai?oae?caoe?? i?eaooeo a?eueoa ca aaeainiao, ne?ae i?eeiaoe
aeey ioe?iaiiy ia’?eoa oe?io, iaea?aeaio iaoiaeii eai?oae?caoe??
i?eaooeo, yeui aaeainiaa aa?o?noue aeua ca ioe?ieo, iaea?aeaio iaoiaeii
eai?oae?caoe?? i?eaooeo, aeei?enoaiiy inoaiiuei? icia/aoeia ao?aoo
/anoeie aaeainiai? aa?oino?. Iaeiae, i?iaeaae ca aaeainiaith aa?o?noth
iaaea?aeiee iieoioeth. Oiio ne?ae ?icaeyiooe iiaeeea?noue
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? i?aei?e?inoaa, aeeaa?neo?eaoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa, ci?ie
ni?oaiaioo. sseui oe? caoiaee ia aeathoue iaeaaeiiai aoaeoo, aeioe?eueii
e?ea?aeoaaoe i?aei?e?inoai aai i?iaeaoe eiai aeoeae c ao?aoith /anoeie
aa?oino?. Inoaoi/ia ioe?iea aa?oino? iaeia i?aei?e?inoaa iiaeiia
a?aoiaoaaoe aa?o?noue caiaeueii? ae?eyiee.

) aecia/a?oueny ye noia i?iaiiciaaiiai ia ia?niaeoeao i?eaooeo (I),
i?eaaaeaiiai aei iioi/iiai ia??iaeo ca aeiiiiiaith ii?ie aeeneiioo ( r
):

,
(1)

aea t = 1, 2 , …, O — ia??iae aeeneiiooaaiiy, ?ie?a.

I?e aeineoue o?eaaeiio ia??iae? aeeneiiooaaiiy (oai?aoe/ii
aace?ia/iiio) aa?o?noue iaeia neeaaea:

,
(2)

Canoinoaaiiy aeaiiai iaoiaeo a oiiaao ia?ao?aeiiai aei ?eieiaeo oiia
ia??iaeo aeiaaa? ?ica’ycaiiy iecee ieoaiue, iniiaieie c yeeo ? oae?:

i?iaiicoaaiiy aaee/eie iaeaooiueiai i?eaooeo;

iaa?oiooaaiiy ia??iaeo aeeneiiooaaiiy;

iaa?oiooaaiiy noaaee aeeneiiooaaiiy.

Aeey ?ic?aooaaiiy iaeaooiueiai i?eaooeo iaiao?aeii aeine?aeeoe ?eiie
eiie?aoiiai oiaa?o (aecia/eoe oei, aeanoe/i?noue, noai ?eieo ? o.?i.), a
iio?i, aeoiaey/e c iio?aa ?eieo, ?ic?aooaaoe aeo?aoe i?aei?e?inoaa oa
ianya ?aae?caoe?? c eiaeiiai aeaeo i?iaeoeoe??, a oaeiae ia?niaeoeaiee
ieai ii i?eaooeo. Oi/i?noue ?ic?aooie?a aoaea caeaaeaoe a?ae yeino?
i?iaaaeaieo ia?eaoeiaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue, eaae?o?eaoe?? niaoe?ae?no?a.

Iaa?oiooaaiiy ia??iaeo aeeneiiooaaiiy ? iaeiei ?c iaea?eueo neeaaeieo
o iaoiaee/iiio a?aeiioaii? ieoaiue, ine?eueee a?ae o?eaaeino? ia??iaeo
caeaaeeoue a ?aoo? ?aoo aa?o?noue iaeia, ui aecia/a?oueny oeyoii
eai?oae?caoe?? i?eaooeo. ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny a?aoe ca iioeiaeueiee ia??iae
aeeneiiooaaiiy ii?iaoeaiee no?ie neoaeae aeoeaii? /anoeie iniiaieo
oiiae?a. Ei?aeoi?noue aeaiiai iaoiaee/iiai i?aeoiaeo iaoiiaeaia oei, ui
naia aeoeaia /anoeia iniiaieo oiiae?a i?ecia/aia aeey cae?eniaiiy
oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano ae?iaieoeoaa, a ii?iaoeaiee no?ie neoaeae
oa?aeoa?eco? aeiiii?/ii iaa?oioiaaiee ia??iae a?aeoeiaeoaaiiy aa?oino?
iniiaieo oiiae?a.

, oiaoi aa?o?noue iaeia aecia/a?oueny:

,
(3)

aai

,
(4)

:

(5)

Anoaiiaeaii iayai?noue aca?iica’yceo aaee/eie aa?oino? iaeia,
?ic?aoiaaii? ca iaoiaeii eai?oae?caoe?? i?eaooeo, ii?ie aeeneiioo ?
ia??iaeo aeeneiiooaaiiy (?en.1). Aeeiiai? a ?iaio? aenia?eiaioaeuei?
?ic?aooiee aeaee ciiao c?iaeoe oae? ocaaaeueiaiiy:

ca iaeiaeiaei i?ioyaii e?eueeio ?ie?a ?ici??ii i?eaooeo, a?aenooiino?
aeiaeaoeiaeo eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue ? ia??iaeii aeeneiiooaaiiy iiiaae 7
?ie?a, ??aiyiiy

(6)

?en.1. Aca?iica’ycie i?ae aa?o?noth iaeia (N), ii?iith aeeneiioo (r)

? ia??iaeii aeeneiiooaaiiy (t).

ni?aaaaeeeaa i?e ii?i? aeeneiioo 40% ? aeua. I?ioeaio
?icoiaeaeaiue o

?acoeueoaoao ia ia?aaeuo? 7,3%. ?c oeueiai aeieeaa?, ui yeui aeoeaia
/anoeia

iniiaieo oiiae?a ia? o?eaaeee ii?iaoeaiee ? iaaaeeeee oaeoe/iee no?ie
neoaeae, oi aa?o?noue iaeia oaeiai i?aei?e?inoaa ne?ae ?ic?aoiaoaaoe ca
i?ino?oith oi?ioeith (2). sseui ae oaeoe/iee no?ie neoaeae
cia/iee aai

iniiai? oiiaee iathoue ei?ioeee ii?iaoeaiee no?ie neoaeae (iaioa 7
?ie?a), oi ?ic?aooiee ne?ae ?iaeoe ca oi?ioeaie (3, 4);

i?e ii?i? aeeneiioo iiiaae 150% iacaeaaeii a?ae ia??iaeo aeeneiiooaaiiy
niinoa??aa?oueny ??ai?noue ?acoeueoao?a ?ic?aooie?a ca oi?ioeaie
(2) ?

(3, 4);

aa?o?noue iaeia i?ia?aneaii c?inoa? i?e cieaeaii? ii?ie aeeneiioo;

c?inoaiiy aa?oino? iaeia oiia?eueith?oueny i?e cia/aii? ii?ie aeeneiioo
iiiaae 60% ? o?eaaeino? ia??iaeo aeeneiiooaaiiy iiiaae 5 ?ie?a.

aeeiiothoueny ca oi?ioeith:

,
(7)

Cia/aiiy aeaieo eiao?oe??io?a aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey ?ic?aooie?a
aa?oino? iaeia ca oi?ioeith:

(8)

Ia iniia? aiae?co ?iciiae?eo aeoe?e ia?aeiii? ai?n?? aeyaeai? nooo?a?
iaaeie?ee, iaoiiaeai? ?nioth/ei a Oe?a?i? ii?yaeeii aeoe?iioaaiiy,
iiieeeaie ? i?i?aooieaie, aeiiouaieie a oiae? ?aoi?ioaaiiy i?aei?e?inoa.
Cai?iiiiiaaia noaia i?aeaioiaee ai?oaio?a aei aoi?eiii? ai?n??, yea
neeaaea?oueny c /ioe?ueio aoai?a: ?ic?iaeaiiy a?cian-ieaio ?icaeoeo AO,
i?aeaioiaee iniiaieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a, aeine?aeaeaiiy
?eieo ? aea/aiiy iiaeeeainoae ?iaanoi??a (aea/aiiy eii’thieoo?e
?eieo, oaeoi??a, ye? aieeaathoue ia ioe?ieo ai?oaioa ?iaanoi?aie, aeai?o
no?aoaa?? ai?n??), i?aai?caoe?th ?ici?uaiiy aeoe?e.

O?ao?e ?icae?e aeena?oaoe?? i?enay/aii aeine?aeaeaiith iai?yie?a
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeoe?iia?ieo i?aei?e?inoa,
noai?aieo ia aac? aea?aeaaieo. A ?iaio? anoaiiaeaii, ui iecueea
aoaeoeai?noue ooieoe?iioaaiiy iiainoai?aieo AO iaoiiaeaia, e??i
o?aaeeoe?eieo i?e/ei, aieeaii iiaeo, ye? aeieeee o ca’yceo c ia?aoiaeii
aei ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee. Iiaeie i?iaeaiaie aeey i?aei?e?inoa ?
a?aenooi?noue caiiaeaiue, o?oaeiiu? c aia?aicaaacia/aiyi, ne?iaeiith,
aeniea aeaa?oi?nueea caai?aiaai?noue, cieaeaiiy niiaeea/iai iiieoo,
c?inoaiiy oe?i ? aeo?ao ? o.?i.

Iaa?oioiaaii, ui a oeeo oiiaao aeey eiaeiiai i?aei?e?inoaa
iaeaaaeeea?oei ? oi?ioaaiiy aeanii? ?eieiai? no?aoaa??, yea caaacia/eea
a i?aeaioiaeo i?aei?e?inoaa aei iiaeeeaeo ci?i ?eieiai? neooaoe?? ?
ciaioeea iani?eyoeeaee aieea iaia?aaeaa/aieo oaeoi??a.

Aiae?c ca?oa?aeiiai aeina?aeo oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiai? no?aoaa??
i?aei?e?inoaa na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui ae?iaeai? aeiiii?/iith oai???th ?
i?aeoeeith i?aeoiaee oi/a ? i?noyoue iai?yiee ae?yeueiino? c o?aooaaiiyi
eii’thieoo?e ?eieo, iaeiae aiie caiaaeoi caaaeuei? ? iaaeinoaoiuei
aaeaioiaai? aei i?noeaaeo oiia.

Ia iniia? aea/aiiy ca?oa?aeiiai aeina?aeo ?ic?iaeaiiy ia?eaoeiaiai?
no?aoaa??, aiae?co noaio oai??? ? i?aeoeee aeaiiai ieoaiiy a Oe?a?i?,
a?aooaaiiy iniaeeainoae a?o/eciyii? aeiiii?ee ?ic?iaeaia i?ia?aia
i?iaaaeaiiy ia?eaoeiaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue ? aecia/aiiy no?aoaa??
iiaaae?iee aeoe?iia?ieo i?aei?e?inoa, yea ia?aaeaa/a? ii?aeiaiiy
?ioa?an?a ciai?oi?o a?oi, aioo??oi?o ?ano?n?a, aca?iicaeaaeieo caaaeaiue
? ieai?a aeey aeinyaiaiiy no?aoaa?/ii? iaoe. I?ia?aia neeaaea?oueny c
e?eueeio aoai?a: aiae?co oaeoi??a, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue ciai?oi?
na?aaeiaeua, aiae?co iioaioe?eieo iiaeeeainoae i?aei?e?inoaa,
aeine?aeaeaiiy oiaa?ii? no?oeoo?e ?eieo, ?ic?iaeaiiy ia?eaoeiaiai?
no?aoaa??, neeaaeaiiy ieaio ia?eaoeiao.

A?aoiaoth/e aaaeeea?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao ciai?oi?o ? aioo??oi?o
oaeoi??a ia ?eieia? iiaeeeaino? i?aei?e?inoaa eiie?aoeciaaia ?o
no?oeoo?a. Cie?aia, cai?iiiiiaaii ?icoe?eoe neeaae aeiiii?ei-i?aaiaeo oa
nioe?aeueieo oaeoi??a aeey a?eueo iiaiiai a?aooaaiiy ?o aieeao ia
nooi?iue oni?oo /e iaaaea/? i?aei?e?inoaa a aeinyaiaii? nai?o oe?eae.

Aeey ?aae?caoe?? ia?aieo no?aoaa?e cai?iiiiiaaii neeanoe ieai ae?e,
yeee i?noeoue ia?ae?e iiaeeeaeo caoiae?a, aeo?aeio ?ioi?iaoe?th, ??
aeaea?aea, ?ic?aooiie aeo?ao, no?iee aeeiiaiiy caoiae?a ? ia?aaeaa/oaai?
?acoeueoaoe. Aeei?enoiaoth/e oe? ieaiia? ?ic?iaee, i?aoe?aieee
ia?eaoeiaiaeo neoaea ia i?aei?e?inoa? iiaeooue noi?ioethaaoe
aiae?oe/io iiaeaeue, yea i?aaeoue ca i?aai?caoe?eiee ?ino?oiaio
noai?aiiy nenoaie caaacia/aiiy oe?eueiaeo ooieoe?e no?oeoo?ieo
i?ae?icae?e?a. Aiae?oe/ia iiaeaeue aea? ciiao aecia/eoe /anoeo eiaeiiai
i?ae?icae?eo ? iinaaeiaeo in?a o aeeiiaii? iae?aneaieo caoiae?a.

Aaaeeeaith /anoeiith ia?eaoeiaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue ? aea?? oe?iiai?
no?aoaa??. A ?iaio? iaa?oioiaaia aeioe?euei?noue canoinoaaiiy ? ii?yaeie
?ic?aooieo iioeiaeueii? oe?ie, ui aea? ciiao aeinyaiooe iaeneiaeueiiai
i?eaooeo.

Aeeiiai? aeine?aeaeaiiy ca cai?iiiiiaaiith noaiith ?ic?iaee
ia?eaoeiaiai? no?aoaa?? oa ieaio ?? ?aae?caoe?? aeicaieeee ?ic?iaeoe
no?aoaa?th iiaaae?iee ia ?eieo aeoe?iia?iiai oiaa?enoaa
“Aei?i?iaeca?aeeinueeee aaoi?aiiioiee caaiae”, noai?aiiai ia aac?
aea?aeaaiiai i?aei?e?inoaa.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui iaei??th c i?e/ei iaaeinoaoiuei? aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe
iiainoai?aieo aeoe?iia?ieo i?aei?e?inoa ? iaiao?aei?noue naiino?eiiai
aeeiiaiiy ieie an?o ooieoe?e oi?aae?iiy a oiiaao aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie,
yea ci?ieeany, ? iaaeineiiaeiai ainiiaea?nueeiai iaoai?cio. O ca’yceo c
oeei iaa?oioiaaia aeioe?euei?noue noai?aiiy i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e
anioe?aoeaiiai oeio, caniiaaii? ia ?iciaaeoaaii? ooieoe?e oi?aae?iiy ?
noai?aii? ye?nii iiaeo a?aeiinei i?ae ae?iaie/eie no?oeoo?aie.

A aeena?oaoe?? noi?ioeueiaai? i?eioeeie ? ia?aaeoiiae noai?aiiy oaei?
i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e, ?? caaaeaiiy oa i?aaa, a oaeiae ooieoe??, ye?
i?aei?e?inoaa iiaeooue ?e aeaeaaoaaoe. Iaa?oioiaaia
aeioe?euei?noue aeaeaaoaaiiy

oeei no?oeoo?ai ooieoe?e i?aaenoaaieoeoaa ? eii?aeeiaoe??
ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?, ui ioiieth? ieoaiiy oaoi?/ii?,
ia?eaoeiaiai?, ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino?, ioi?iie
iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua ? nioe?aeueii? iie?oeee.

Iaeiei ?c neeaaeieo iaoiaee/ieo ieoaiue ?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?/ieo
a?aeiinei i?ae i?aai?caoe?eieie no?oeoo?aie ? i?aei?e?inoaaie ?
aecia/aiiy aa?oino? iineoa, ui iaaeathoueny oeeie no?oeoo?aie, iniaeeai
oeo, ye? ia i?aeaeathoueny e?euee?niiio aei??o, cie?aia, aa?oino? iineoa
c eii?aeeiaoe?? ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?. Aaoi?ii
cai?iiiiiaaiee iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae, caniiaaiee ia aecia/aii?
aeiaeaoeiaeo aeo?ao i?aei?e?inoaa ia aeeiiaiiy oi?aae?inueeeo ooieoe?e,
aeaeaaiaaieo i?aai?caoe?eiei no?oeoo?ai, ca oiiae, ui i?aei?e?inoai
aoaea aeeiioaaoe ?o naiino?eii.

Aeey aecia/aiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo aeo?ao i?aei?e?inoaai iaiao?aeii
?ic?aooaaoe aeey eiaeiiai iiainoai?aiiai /e ae?th/iai i?ae?icae?eo
aeiaeaoeiao /enaeuei?noue i?aoe?aiee?a, oiiae iieaoe i?aoe? c
a?ae?aooaaiiyie, aeo?aoe ia oaoi?/ia iniauaiiy, ieiu? (a ?ici???
i?aiaeii? ieaoe), iieaoe ca iineoae Internet, aeo?aoe ia a?ae?yaeaeaiiy,
aa?o?noue ia?aaeieaoe niaoe?aeueii? e?oa?aoo?e ? o.?i. I?ney ?ic?aooieo
aeiaeaoeiaeo aeo?ao i?aei?e?inoa aecia/a?oueny oa /anoeia , yeo ne?ae
ia?a?aooaaoe i?aai?caoe?ei?e no?oeoo?? aeey aeeiiaiiy ia?aaeaieo ?e
ooieoe?e. Caoe?eaaeai?noue i?aei?e?inoa aeinyaa?oueny oei, ui
ia?a?aoiaai? noie iiaeii? aooe iaioeie ca aeani? aeo?aoe o aeiaaeeo
naiino?eiiai aeeiiaiiy an?o oi?aae?inueeeo ooieoe?e.

O aeniiaeao aeeeaaeai? iaea?eueo aaaeeea? iaoeia? oa i?aeoe/i?
?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe??:

O ?aoi?ioaaii? aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei a Oe?a?i? ia?oi/a?aiaa cia/aiiy ia?
?ica’ycaiiy i?iaeaie aeaniino?. Ia?aoai?aiiy a?aeiinei aeaniino?
cae?enith?oueny, a iniiaiiio, oeyoii noai?aiiy ia aac? aea?aeaaieo
i?aei?e?inoa aeoe?iia?ieo ? eieaeoeaieo. Iiainoai?ai? aeoe?iia?i?
oiaa?enoaa ooieoe?iiothoue ia aeineoue aoaeoeaii.

Iaa?oioiaaia no?oeoo?ii-eia?/ia ? nenoaiii-ooieoe?iiaeueia iiaoaeiaa
aeaniino?, aca?iica’yceo oei?a ? oi?i aeaniino?.

Nenoaiaoeciaai? oaeoi?e, coiiaeai? noaiii aea?aeaaieo i?aei?e?inoa ia
iiiaio ci?iaiiy oi?ie aeaniino?, ui iaaaoeaii aieeioee ia
ooieoe?iioaaiiy iiainoai?aieo aeoe?iia?ieo i?aei?e?inoa

Anoaiiaeaii, ui iaei??th c aaaeeeaeo ia?aaeoiia iie?ioaiiy iaoai?cio
noai?aiiy ? ianooiiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeoe?iia?ieo i?aei?e?inoa ?
aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiaeeee ioe?iaiiy aa?oino? iaeia aea?aeaaieo
i?aei?e?inoa, a oaeiae ii?yaeeo ai?n?? oa ?iciiae?eo aeoe?e.

Iaa?oioiaai? i?eioeeiia? iieiaeaiiy uiaei aeai?o iaoiaeo ioe?iaiiy
iaeia aea?aeaaieo i?aei?e?inoa. Aea?? iaoiaeo ioe?iaiiy iaeia aaco?oueny
ia oiio iieiaeaii?, ui eiaeai oiaa? ia? aa?o?noue ? niiaeea/o aa?o?noue.

Cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy aa?oino? iaeia aea?aeaaieo
i?aei?e?inoa aaco?oueny ia ni?anoaaeaii? ?acoeueoao?a ioe?iaiiy iaoiaeii
eai?oae?caoe?? i?eaooeo c o?aooaaiiyi o?iainiaiai noaio i?aei?e?inoaa oa
eiai aaeainiaith aa?o?noth. Inoaoi/ia ioe?iea aa?oino? iaeia
aea?aeaaiiai i?aei?e?inoaa iiaeiia a?aoiaoaaoe aa?o?noue caiaeueii?
ae?eyiee.

Aaeineiiaeaia iaoiaeeea ioe?iaiiy aa?oino? iaeia iaoiaeii eai?oae?caoe??
i?eaooeo. Iaa?oioiaaia aeei?enoaiiy ii?iaoeaiiai no?ieo neoaeae aeoeaii?
/anoeie iniiaieo oiiae?a ye iioeiaeueiiai ia??iaeo aeeneiiooaaiiy.

Anoaiiaeaiee aca?iica’ycie i?ae aaee/eiith aa?oino? iaeia, ia/eneaiith
iaoiaeii eai?oae?caoe?? i?eaooeo, ii?iith aeeneiioo ? ia??iaeii
aeeneiiooaaiiy, ui aea? ciiao ni?inoeoe ?ic?aooiee i?e ioe?iaii?
ia’?eo?a c o?eaaeei no?ieii neoaeae.

Cai?iiiiiaaia noaia i?aeaioiaee ai?oaioa aei aoi?eiii? ai?n?? aeoe?e c
?ic?iaeith ia?niaeoeaiiai ieaio ?icaeoeo AO, i?aeaioiaeith iniiaieo
?ioi?iaoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a, aeine?aeaeaiiyi ?eieo ? aea/aiiyi
iiaeeeainoae ?iaanoi??a oa i?aai?caoe??th ?ici?uaiiy aeoe?e.

Noai?aia i?ia?aia aeine?aeaeaiiy ?eieiaeo iiaeeeainoae i?aei?e?inoa, ui
i?noeoue aiae?c ciai?oi?o ? aioo??oi?o oaeoi??a, aeine?aeaeaiiy oiaa?ii?
no?oeoo?e ?eieo, ?ic?iaee ia?eaoeiaiai? no?aoaa?? ? neeaaeaiiy ieaio
ia?eaoeiao.

Noi?ioeueiaai? ia?aaeoiiae ? i?eioeeie noai?aiiy, caaaeaiiy oa i?aaa
ia’?aeiaiue i?aei?e?inoa anioe?aoeaiiai oeio, a oaeiae ooieoe??, ye?
iiaeooue aooe aeaeaaiaai? i?aei?e?inoaaie. Cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea
ioe?iaiiy aa?oino? iineoa ia’?aeiaiiy i?aei?e?inoa.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeai? a iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeyo:

?o?aiiaa I., Nai?ia I., Oea/aiei ?., Oaaoeue A. O?iainiaee iaoai?ci oa
eiai aieea ia aoaeoeaia ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?aei?e?inoaa // — E.: “Aeua
oeiea”. — 1998. — 145n.

Aaiue O.A., Oaaoe A.ss. Ia ioeaiea eiouanoaa i?aaei?eyoee iaoiaeii
eaieoaeecaoeee i?eauee // Oai?ey e i?aeoeea iaoaeeo?aee. — 1997. — ? 2.
— N. 55-56.

Oaaoe A.ss. Iiauoaiea yooaeoeaiinoe ooieoeeiie?iaaiey aeoeeiia?iuo
i?aaei?eyoee // Iaoaeeo?ae/aneay e ai?ii?oaeiay i?iiuoeaiiinoue. — 1998.
— ? 1. — N. 88-90.

Oaaoe A.ss. Aeaeaae?iaaiea i?aaei?eyoeyie oi?aaeai/aneeo ooieoeee:
?aaeiiaeueiue iiuo // Aeaaeai?/iee iaeyae. — 1998. — ? 1. — N. 64-69.

Oaaoeue A.ss. Oai?aoe/i? oa i?aeoe/i? aniaeoe o?ainoi?iaoe?? a?aeiinei
aeaniino? a eiioaeno? noaiiaeaiiy no/anii? ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee //
I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee. Aeiiii?ea. — 1998. — ? 58 (125). — N.
11-15.

Oaaoeue A.ss. Ae?aaiinoeea e i?iaiicoaaiiy o?iainiaiai noaio
i?aei?e?inoa: oai?aoe/iee ? i?aeoe/iee aniaeo // I?eaei?i?ianueeee
iaoeiaee a?niee. Aeiiii?ea. — 1998. — ? 68 (135). — N. 85-98.

Oaaoe A.ss. Iniaaiiinoe ooieoeeiie?iaaiey aeoeeiia?iuo i?aaei?eyoee a
ia?aoiaeiue ia?eiae e ?uii/iui ioiioaieyi // I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee
a?niee. Aeiiii?ea. — 1998. — ? 83 (150). — N. 1-4.

Aaiue O.A., Oaaoe A.ss. ?ac?aaioea ia?eaoeiaiaie i?ia?aiiu ?acaeoey
aeoeeiia?iiai iauanoaa // Iaoa??aee ?? I?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii?
eiioa?aioe?? “Ia?eaoeia: oai??y ? i?aeoeea”. — E.: EIAO. — 1998. — N.
12-13.

Aaiue O., Oaaoeue A., Eaoeoaaa I. Ia?eaoeia iaeaaeiaiiy
?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai ? ae??aiina??eiiai ae?iaieoeoaa // Aeaiia?ao?y,
aeiiii?ea i?aoe? oa nioe?aeueia iie?oeea. Oaoiaee ca??iee iaoeiaeo
noaoae. — E??iaia?aae. — 1998. — N. 64-65.

Oaaoe A.ss. I?iaeaiu ?ano?oeoo?ecaoeee i?iecaiaenoaa (ia i?eia?a
ai?ii-iaoaeeo?ae/aneiai eiiieaena Aeiai?iiao?ianeie iaeanoe) //
Iaoa??aee o?aouei? i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie
aeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie a ?a?iiaenueeee Nithc: ?aa?iiaeuei? ?
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? aniaeoe”. — sseoa-Oi?in. — 1998. — A?niee
Oa?iii?euenueei? aeaaeai?? ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa. Niaoe?aeueiee
aeione ? 6. — 1998. — N. 123-124.

AIIOAOe?ss

Oaaoeue A.ss. Oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio noai?aiiy oa i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeoe?iia?ieo i?aei?e?inoa. — ?oeiien.
Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth — 08.07.01 — “Aeiiii?ea i?iieneiaino?”. —
Iaoe?iiaeueia a??ie/a aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie, Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia i?iaeaiai noaiiaeaiiy ? ?icaeoeo aeoe?iia?ieo
i?aei?e?inoa. Ocaaaeueiai? iniaeeaino? aeoe?iia?ieo i?aei?e?inoa,
noai?aieo ia aac? aea?aeaaieo. Cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy
aa?oino? iaeia aea?aeaaieo i?aei?e?inoa, onoaiiaeaia iayai?noue
aca?iica’yceo i?ae aaee/eiith aa?oino? iaeia, ia/eneaii? iaoiaeii
eai?oae?caoe?? i?eaooeo, ii?iith aeeneiioo ? ia??iaeii aeeneiiooaaiiy.
?ic?iaeaia i?ia?aia i?iaaaeaiiy ia?eaoeiaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue aeey
aecia/aiiy ?eieiaeo iiaeeeainoae i?aei?e?inoa. Iaa?oioiaai?
aeioe?euei?noue ? i?eioeeie noai?aiiy i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e
anioe?aoeaiiai oeio, caniiaaii? ia aeaeaaoaaii? ?e ?yaeo oi?aae?inueeeo
ooieoe?e. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? ai?iaaaeaeai? i?e ?ic?iaoe?
no?aoaa?? ?icaeoeo aeoe?iia?ieo i?aei?e?inoa, a oaeiae i?e noai?aii?
ia’?aeiaiiy i?aei?e?inoa eaaei? ? i?noeaai? i?iieneiaino?
Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? iaeano?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeoe?iia?i? i?aei?e?inoaa, aa?o?noue iaeia, ai?n?y
aeoe?e, ia?eaoeiaia? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ia’?aeiaiiy i?aei?e?inoa.

AIIIOAOeEss

Oaaoe A.ss. Niaa?oainoaiaaiea iaoaiecia nicaeaiey e iiauoaiey
yooaeoeaiinoe ooieoeeiie?iaaiey aeoeeiia?iuo i?aaei?eyoee. — ?oeiienue.
Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe — 08.07.01 — “Yeiiiieea i?iiuoeaiiinoe”. —
Iaoeeiiaeueiay ai?iay aeaaeaiey Oe?aeiu, Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia i?iaeaiai noaiiaeaiey e ?acaeoey aeoeeiia?iuo
i?aaei?eyoee. Iaiauaiu iniaaiiinoe aeoeeiia?iuo i?aaei?eyoee, nicaeaiiuo
ia aaca ainoaea?noaaiiuo. I?aaeeiaeaia iaoiaeeea ii?aaeaeaiey noieiinoe
eiouanoaa ainoaea?noaaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee, onoaiiaeaii iaee/ea acaeiinayce
aaee/eiu noieiinoe eiouanoaa, en/eneaiiie iaoiaeii eaieoaeecaoeee
i?eauee, ii?iie aeeneiioa e ia?eiaeii aeeneiioe?iaaiey. ?ac?aaioaia
i?ia?aiia i?iaaaeaiey ia?eaoeiaiauo enneaaeiaaiee aeey ii?aaeaeaiey
?uii/iuo aiciiaeiinoae i?aaei?eyoey. Iainiiaaiu oeaeaniia?aciinoue e
i?eioeeiu nicaeaiey i?aaiecaoeeiiiie no?oeoo?u annioeeaoeaiiai oeia,
iniiaaiiie ia aeaeaae?iaaiee ae ?yaea oi?aaeai/aneeo ooieoeee. Iniiaiua
?acoeueoaou aeenna?oaoeee aiaae?aiu i?e au?aaioea no?aoaaee ?acaeoey
aeoeeiia?iuo i?aaei?eyoee, a oae aea i?e nicaeaiee iauaaeeiaiey
i?aaei?eyoee eaaeie e ianoiie i?iiuoeaiiinoe Aeiai?iiao?ianeie iaeanoe.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeoeeiia?iua i?aaei?eyoey, noieiinoue eiouanoaa,
yienney aeoeee, ia?eaoeiaiaua enneaaeiaaiey, iauaaeeiaiey i?aaei?eyoee.

ANNOTATION

Shvets V. Improvement of the mechanism of creation and increase of
operation efficiency of the joint-stock enterprises. — Manuscript.
Thesis for a candidate’s degree of economic sciences by speciality —
08.07.01 — Economics of industry . — The National mining academy of
Ukraine, Dnepropetrovsk, 1998.

The thesis is devoted to problems of foundation and development of the
joint-stock enterprises. The features of the joint-stock enterprises
created on the state basis are generalized. The principles of definition
of property cost of the state enterprises are proposed, the correlation
property cost, estimated by a method of the profit capitalization, norm
of discount and discount period is determined. The program of
realization of marketing researches for definition of market
possibilities of the enterprise is developed. The practicability of an
organizational structure of an associative type based on handing to it a
number of administrative function is proved. The main results of the
thesis are introduced for elaboration of the development strategy
creation of association of the enterprises of the local and light
industry joint-stock enterprises from Dnepropetrovsk area.

Key words: the joint-stock enterprises, property cost, issue of the
shares, marketing researches, association of the enterprises.

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