E?EINUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE AA?A?IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

AeAI*OE IEAA AIEIAeEIE?IAE*

OAeE 338.4:639.2.06.003.2

OAeINEIIAEAIIss OI?AAE?IIss EAI?OAEII I?AeI?E?INOA ?EAII? I?IIENEIAINO?
OE?A?IE

( IA I?EEEAAe? IA’?AeIAIUe “EA?*?EAI?II” ? “I?AAeAI?EAIIOOE” )

Niaoe?aeuei?noue – 08.06.02

I?aei?e?iieoeoai, iaiaaeaeiaio ? ia?eaoeia

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

N?ioa?iiieue – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? aeiiii?ee Oaa??enueeiai ?inoeoooo
i?aei?e?iieoeoaa oa i?aaa

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, aeaeaoiee

ae?y/ iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie, aeaaeai?e AI E?eio

Iia?eia TH??e Ieeieaeiae/,

Oaa??enueeee ?inoeooo i?aei?e?iieoeoaa oa

i?aaa, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith aeiiii?ee

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

?o?aiia Ieaen?e Aieiaeeie?iae/,

E?einueeee ?inoeooo i?e?iaeiioi?iiiiai oa

eo?i?oiiai aoae?aieoeoaa, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith

aeiiii?ee oa i?aai?caoe??

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe,

*a?iaoeiaa Aaeeia Ieoaee?aia,

E?einueeee ?inoeooo a?ciano,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith iaiaaeaeiaioo

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?a
iaiaaeaeiaioo oa ia?eaoeiao (i. Ee?a)

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 16 ” ea?oiy 1999 ?. i 14 00 aiaeei?
ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E52.805.01 i?e E?einueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao? a aoaeeoi??? 501 ia?oiai o/aiaiai
ei?iono ca aae?anith: 330030, i. N?ioa?iiieue, i. Aa?a?iee, EAeAO

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? E?einueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 9 ” aa?aciy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee A. TH. ?oaeaiei

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. I?ioean ia?aoiaeo aaeeeeo ieaai?/ieo oeioee?e
Oe?a?ie a?ae oiia ieaiiai? aeiiii?ee aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiioaiue
noi?iaiaeaeoaaany ??ce?i iaae?iiyi ae?iaieoeoaa (ia 65 %), i?aeoe/ii
iiaiith a?aenooi?noth aea?aeaaiiai o?iainoaaiiy, i?eieiaiiyi
a?aeaoaeiae e?eueeino? noaeai, ? a ca’yceo c oeei iiooeii ?iicaiieo
?iaanoi??a. Aa?eoea a i?aeoeeo caea/a noaeai a i?aiaeo, ni?eueia
aenieoaoaoe?y ia i?iiene? ? ia eeiiaeaee?anueeeo iia?aoe?yo, oeeaaeaiiy
eiio?aeo?a ia ?aiiio ? i?eaeaaiiy iaeeaii-ianoeeueieo iaoa??ae?a ca
?aooiie i?iaeaae? ?eae, ii?ai?iaeoeo?a ii oe?iao ?iicaiieo o??i, ui
cia/ii cieaeo? aoaeoeai?noue ?iaioe. A oe? ?iee oe?a?inuee? oeioee??
i?aoethaaee a oiiaao oo?aoe ?yaeo e?oeaic?e ia aeeia ?eae, ia
ae?iaieoeoai eiina?a?a ? ?eaii? ioee. Oea coiiaeei ci?ie ?aeii?a eiao
?eae.

?acii c oei ?eaia i?iieneia?noue Oe?a?ie, ia?aaeeaoe ieaei?e i?e
iaae?iiy ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa a 1994 ?ioe?, iinooiiai noaea ca?eueooaaoe
ae?iaieoeoai i?iaeoeoe??, aaeaiooth/enue aei ?eieiaeo oiia. Ana aeua
neacaia caaino?eei i?iaeaio aaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy eai?oaeii
i?aei?e?inoa ? iineeeei iaiao?aei?noue ia?eaoeiaiaeo ?icne?aeoaaiue a
?eai?e i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie.

Aeiiii?/i? aniaeoe ?icaeoeo ?eaii? i?iieneiaino? ?icaeyaeaeenue a
i?aoeyo Aeueio?ia I. A., Aanoai?eueiiai A. A., Ai?uiaa A. A.,
Ai??ua/e?ii? E. ?., Aooaiaae/ E. A., Aieiae?ii? A. A., Aeoa?ianueei? I.
I., ?ai?iai? E. ?., Iaecaeue A. ?., ?iiaiiaa ?. I., Oia/aieiaa TH. I. ?
oa ?ioeo a?o/eciyieo ? ?iicaiieo aaoi??a.

?acii c oei iia? i?iaeaie aaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy eai?oaeii
i?aei?e?inoa ?eaii? i?iieneiaino? ia ciaeoee aeinoaoiueiai
a?aeia?aaeaiiy a ?icne?aeoaaiiyo , ui ? iineoaeeei aeai?ii oaie
?icne?aeoaaiiy.

Ca’ycie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe c ieaiaie iaoeiaeo ?icne?aeoaaiue.
Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie aecia/aany aeeth/aiiyi oaie
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aei ieaio IAe? Oaa??enueeiai ?inoeoooo
i?aei?e?iieoeoaa oa i?aaa, caoaa?aeaeaiiai I?i?noa?noaii Aeiiii?ee A?E,
a oaeiae a ieai IAe? Ea?/ainueeiai ii?nueeiai oaoiieia?/iiai ?inoeoooo
ii i?iaeai? i?eaaoecaoe?? ia’?aeiaiue ?eaiiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa aeena?oaoe?? – aeaoe ioe?ieo
oaiaeaioe?yi a ?icaeoeo ?eaii? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie ? iaa?oiooaaoe iia?
i?aeoiaee a aaeineiiaeaii? oi?aae?iiy eai?oaeii i?aei?e?inoa oe???
aaeoc?.

Aeoiaey/e ?c iinoaaeaii? iaoe a ?iaio?, ae??ooaaeenue ianooii?
caaaeaiiy:

aecia/eoe iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aeey ioe?iee ea?oaaeueieo ??oaiue o
?eaiiio ainiiaea?noa?;

?ice?eoe cia/aiiy ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei aeey
ia?eaoeiao ? iaiaaeaeiaioo a ?eaii? i?iieneiaino?;

iieacaoe iniaeeaino? ?eaii? i?iieneiaino? ye ia’?eoa aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
aeyaeoe niaoeeo?/i? ?ene iaiaaeaeiaioo aaeoc?;

anoaiiaeoe e?euee?niee aieea oaeoi??a, aecia/ath/eo ?ici?? iiieoo ia
?eaio i?iaeoeoe?th;

aeine?aeeoe iioaioe?aeuei? iiaeeeaino? ?ici??o i?iiiceoe?? ?eaii?
i?iaeoeoe??;

aeaoe ioe?ieo i?ioeano ci?ie no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy ia’?aeiaiue
i?iieneiaino? ? ?icaeoeo ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei;

aeyaeoe iniaeeaino? oi?aae?iiy cai?ioiei oa ethaenueeei eai?oaeii
ia’?aeiaiue ?eaii? i?iieneiaino?;

iaa?oiooaaoe i?iaeo oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanii i?eaaoecaoe?? aea?aeaaieo
?eaiaeiaoaath/eo oeioee?e;

aecia/eoe i?eioeeie ? iiaeae? i?iaiicoaaiiy ?icaeoeo iaoe?iiaeueiiai
?eaiiai ainiiaea?noaa;

iaa?oiooaaoe iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy aaaaoioaeoi?ieo iiaeaeae aeey
?ic?iaee ea?oaaeueieo ??oaiue o ?eaii? i?iieneiaino?.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy yaey?oueny i?ioean oi?aae?iiy noeoii?noth
aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei o ?eai?e i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie, o?iainiaee
iaiaaeaeiaio ? ia?eaoeia oe??? aaeoc? iaoe?iiaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa.

Ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy – oea ia’?aeiaiiy “Ea?/?eai?ii” ?
“I?aaeai?eaiiooe”, ye? aoiaeyoue o neeaae Aea?aeaaiiai Eii?oaoo ?eaiiai
ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie.

Oai?aoe/iith ? iaoiaeieia?/iith aacith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ae?aeaeoiee
iaoiae i?ciaiiy, nenoaiiee i?aeo?ae aeey aea/aiiy aeiiii?/ieo yaeu,
iinooeaoe ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei, ooiaeaiaioaeuei? iaoeia? ?ic?iaee
a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo a iaeano? ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee,
caeiiiaeaa/? ? ii?iaoeai? aeieoiaioe c ?icaeoeo ?eaii? aaeoc? e?a?ie.

O i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaoaaeenue aano?aeoii-eia?/iee,
iiiia?ao?/iee, aeiiii?/ii-noaoenoe/iee, aeiiii?/ii-iaoaiaoe/iee iaoiaee,
a oaeiae aaaaoioaeoi?i? iiaeae? o?iainiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo.

?ioi?iaoe?eiith aacith aoee io?oe?ei? aeieoiaioe noaoenoe/ii? ?
aooaaeoa?nueei? ca?oiino?, iaoeia? ? ioae?oeenoe/i? a?aeaiiy
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeueeeo caeeaae?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. A aeena?oaoe??
?icaeyaeathoueny aniaeoe aieeao ia ?eaia ainiiaea?noai aeiiii?/ieo
?aoi?i ? aaeaioaoe?y ooieoe?e iaiaaeaea??a aei iiaeo oiia ea?oaaiiy.
Ooi/iththoueny iniaeeaino? ea?oaaiiy eai?oaeii ?eaii? i?iieneiaino?:
?iciiae?e ia’?eo?a ea?oaaiiy ii ?aa?iiai na?oiaiai ieaaio, ?o
aaoiiiii?noue, nooo?aee aca?iica’ycie c ?iicaiieie o??iaie, ?iaanoi?aie
? ia?oia?aie. A?aeoai?thth/a ooieoe?y iaoiiaeaia iaiao?aei?noth
aeeeaaeaiiy eai?oaeo, ye noeoiiino? ?eaieiaieo noaeai, oae ? aeeeaaeaiiy
?eaieo ?ano?n?a. Ae?iaie/a ooieoe?y nea?iaaia ia ?ici?uaiiy noaeai ii
?aa?iiai, ye? aaaao? ii?ai?iaeoeoaie. Eiio?ieueia ooieoe?y ia? iaoith
aoaeoeaia aeei?enoaiiy o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a.

A aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? e?euee?nii aecia/aii ?ici?? oaeoi??a, ye?
aecia/athoue iiieo ia ?eaio i?iaeoeoe?th ? iioaioe?aeueia iiaeeea?noue
cai?iiiioaaiiy ?eaii? i?iaeoeoe?? ia ?eiie. Ooi/iaii iniaeeaino?
oi?aae?iiy iniiaiei eai?oaeii ?eaii? i?iieneiaino?. Aeeeaaeaii
niaoeeo?eo ea?oaaiiy cai?ioiei eai?oaeii. Aia?oa aeae?eai? aniaeoe
ea?oaaiiy ethaenueeei eai?oaeii o ?eaii? i?iieneiaino?. Iaa?oioiaaii
i?iaeo i?eaaoecaoe?? oeioee?e ? noai?aiiy aeoe?iia?ieo i?aai?caoe?e c 51
% aeoe?e o ?oeao aea?aeaae ? i?aai?caoe?eia oi?ia ea?oaaiiy –
ei?ii?aoe?y. ?ice?eoi iaoiaee/i? iniiae oaoiieia?? i?iaiicoaaiiy
?eaiiai ainiiaea?noaa, a oaeiae noaia oi?ioaaiiy oa?eoi??aeueieo
aaeain?a. Iaa?oioiaaia iaoiaeeea aeei?enoaiiy aaaaoioaeoi?ieo
aiae?oe/ieo iiaeaeae o o?iainiaiio iaiaaeaeiaio? ?eaiiai ainiiaea?noaa.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo Oaa??enueeiai
?inoeoooo i?aei?e?iieoeoaa oa i?aaa ? Ea?/ainueeiai ii?nueeiai
oaoiieia?/iiai ?inoeoooo o 1997, 1998 ??. ?yae ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e iai?aaeaii
aeey oi?iaaaeaeaiiy o ae?iaieoeoai aei Eii?oaoo ?eaiiai ainiiaea?noaa
Oe?a?ie, a ia’?aeiaiiy “Ea?/?eai?ii” ? “I?aaeai?eaiiooe”.

Iniaenoee aeeaae aaoi?a neeaaea?oueny a:

– ?ice?eoo? oaiaeaioe?e ?ici?uaiiy ?eaiaeiaoaath/iai oeioo Oe?a?ie a
?aeiiao i?iieneo, aeaeiaiai neeaaeo oeiao ii?ai?iaeoeo?a ? no?oeoo?e
aeioneo oa?/iai? i?iaeoeoe?? ?eaiaeiaoaath/eie ia’?aeiaiiyie Oe?a?ie;

– ooi/iaii? ooieoe?e o?iainiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo ?eaii? i?iieneiaino? ?
iaoiaeeee ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ea?oaaeueieo ??oaiue;

– aecia/aii? oi?ioee aca?iica’yceo aeooiai? iio?aae ?eae a caeaaeiino?
a?ae ?aaeueieo aeioiae?a, ?iaeaeno oe?i ? aeeiai?ee /eneaiiino?
ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie;

– ioe?ioe? no?oeoo?e ea?oaaiiy ? ?icaeoeo iaiaaeaeiaioo
ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei ia’?aeiaiue “Ea?/?eai?ii” ?
“I?aaeai?eaiiooe”;

– ?ice?eoo? iniaeeainoae ea?oaaiiy iniiaiei, cai?ioiei ? ethaenueeei
eai?oaeii o ?eai?e i?iieneiaino?;

– ooi/iaii? iniaeeainoae i?ioeano i?eaaoecaoe?? ?eaii? i?iieneiaino?;

– iaa?oiooaaii? i?eioeeiiai? noaie i?iaiicoaaiiy ?icaeoeo ?eaiiai
ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie;

– aeei?enoaii? aaaaoioaeoi?ieo iiaeaeae o?iainiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo o
?eaii? i?iieneiaino?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/ei?noue iaa?oioiaaieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e aecia/a?oueny
i?iiiceoe?yie, nea?iaaieie ia i?aeaeuaiiy aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?
?iaioe ?eaiaeiaoaath/eo oeioee?e ? cie?aia ii oaeineiiaeaiith no?oeoo?e
ea?oaaiiy ?c ca?oa?aeieie o??iaie, ii a?eueo iiaiiio aeei?enoaiith
eaeaiaea?iiai /ano aenieoaoaoe?? noaeai, ii aeei?enoaiith o?iainiaiai
iaiaaeaeiaioo i?e aaaaoioaeoi?iiio aiae?c? ea?oaaiiy iniiaiei, cai?ioiei
? ethaenueeei eai?oaeii, ii aeoe?iioaaiith ?eaiaeiaoaath/eo oeioee?e ?
i?iaiicoaaiith ?icaeoeo ?eaii? i?iieneiaino?.

Ioae?eaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee
iioae?eiaai? a 5 ae?oeiaaieo ?iaioao, caaaeueiei ia’?iii 1,5 ae?oeiaaieo
noi??iee.

Ia’?i ? no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ? aeiaeaoe?a.
Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 174 noi??ieao oaenoo, ia? 47 aiae?oe/ieo
oaaeeoeue, 20 iaethie?a ? noai, 36 ?ic?aooieiaeo oi?ioe, nienie
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae aeeth/a? 228 iaca. ? 10 aeiaeaoe?a.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Oai?aoe/i? iniiae oaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy
eai?oaeii ?eaii? i?iieneiaino?” ?icaeyiooi cia/aiiy ? iniaeeaino?
ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo aei ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee aeey aaeoc? ?eaii?
i?iieneiaino?, iieacaii iniaeeaino? iaiaaeaeiaioo ? ia?eaoeiao a
?eaiaeiaoaath/eo oeioee?yo, aeaii caaaeueio oa?aeoa?enoeeo aaeoc? ?
iaa?oioiaaii iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aeey aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee ea?oaaeueieo
??oaiue.

Oe?a?ia ia?aaeeaa? oyaeeo, nenoaiio, caoyaeio, o?ainoi?iaoe?eio,
aeiiii?/io e?eco. Iiaeieaiiy niaaeo ae?iaieoeoaa, o?iainiaa e aeiiii?/ia
noaa?e?caoe?y i?ioiaeyoue ia?aeaeueii ?c ci?iith nenoaie oacyeioaaiiy.

?eaia i?iieneia?noue Oe?a?ie – aaaeeeaa neeaaeiaa /anoeia oa?/iai?
i?iieneiaino?. Aiia neeaaea? c ia’?io ae?iaieoeoaa a?ey 3,5 % an???
i?iieneiaino? e?a?ie ? 12,8 % aa?oino? iniiaieo oiiae?a. Aeaea?aeii
iaea?aeaiiy ?eaieo ?ano?n?a iinoa? Na?oiaee ieaai ? aioo??oi? aiaeieieua
Oe?a?ie. Iaiaaeaeiaio ? ia?eaoeiaia? aeine?aeaeaiiy ioiieththoue
?eieiaee i?ino??, ye Oe?a?ie, oae ? e?a?i, ye? i?eaeaathoue oe?a?inueeo
?eaio i?iaeoeoe?th ? aiaeiae?th/eo aeaaoi??yie c ?eaieie ?ano?naie.
Ii/eiath/e c 1991 ?. ? aei 1994 ?. a?aeaoaaany niaae aeiaoaaiiy
ii?ai?iaeoeo?a ? ?eae. O 1995-1997 ??. O?ioe ca?eueoeany ia’?i
ae?iaieoeoaa ca ?aooiie aeioneo eiina?a?a ? caea/? ?eaiaeiaoaath/eo
noaeai a i?aiaeo ?iicaiiei o??iai.

A ?ie? ia’?eoa oaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy eai?oaeii aenooiathoue
i?aei?e?inoaa ?eaii? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie, ye? iathoue a?eueoa 114
aaeeeioiiiaaeieo noaeai ieaai?/iiai i?iieneo, ye? aaaeooue aeeia ?eae ?
ii?ai?iaeoeo?a o 8 /anoeiao Na?oiaiai ieaaio. ?icoaooaaiiy ia’?eo?a
oi?aae?iiy, ?o aaoiiiii?noue neeaaeathoue iniaeeaino? iaiaaeaeiaioo
?eaii? aaeoc?. Iniiai? ooieoe?? iaiaaeaeiaioo: a) a?aeoai?thaaia,
nea?iaaia ia a?aeoai?aiiy eai?oaeo, ye noeoiiino? ?eaiaeiaoaath/eo
noaeai, c iaeiiai aieo, ? a?aeoai?thaaiiy ?eaieo ?ano?n?a, c ae?oaiai
aieo; a) ae?iaie/a, nea?iaaia ia ?ici?uaiiy i?iieneiaeo noaeai ii
iaea?eueo aaaaoei ?eaieie ?ano?naie ?aeiiai; a) eiio?ieueia – ia? iaoith
aoaeoeaia aeei?enoaiiy o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a ?eaii? i?iieneiaino?.
Ooieoe?? iaiaaeaeiaioo ?aae?cothoueny ca aeiiiiiaith aeeiiaiiy ooieoe?e
noa’?eo?a ea?oaaiiy ia iniia? i?iaiicoaaiiy neooaoe?? ? o?iainiaiai
noaio i?aei?e?inoa ?eaiiai ainiiaea?noaa, ieaioaaiiy iiaiai aeei?enoaiiy
nee ieaacania?a, iae?eo ? aiae?co ?iaioe eiaeii? iaeeieoe? ?c
ieaacania?a, eiio?ieth ca aeo?aoith a?ioiaeo eioo?a

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Noai aeiiii?ee ? ??aaiue ea??aieoeoaa a
ia’?aeiaiiyo “Ea?/?eai?ii” ? “I?aaeai?eaiiooe” ?icaeyaeathoueny oaeoi?e,
ui aecia/athoue ?icie? iiieoo ? i?iiiceoe?? ia ?eaio i?iaeoeoe?th,
aiae?cothoueny ci?ie no?oeoo?e ea??aieoeoaa ia’?aeiaiue ? ?icaeoeo
ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei; iieacaii ea??aieoeoai iniiaiei ?
cai?ioiei eai?oaeii, iniaeeaino? ea??aieoeoaa ethaenueeei eai?oaeii;
a?aeia?aaeaia ?ieue o?iainiaiai aiae?co ye aace i?eeiyooy ea??aieo
??oaiue.

O ?icae?e? aiae?co?oueny iiieo ia ?eaio i?iaeoeoe?th, eio?ee
aecia/a?oueny ?ooii ianaeaiiy, ??aiai aeioiae?a ia aeooo ianaeaiiy,
o?aaeeoe?yie ? cae/eaie oa?/oaaiiy. Aca?iica’ycie i?ae niiaeeaaiiyi ?eae
(ea) a ?ic?aooieo ia iaeio ethaeeio a Oe?a?i? (Y), ?aaeueieie aeioiaeaie
ia aeooo ianaeaiiy (X1), ?iaeaenii oe?i ia ?eaio i?iaeoeoe?th (X2) ?
aeeiai?eith e?eueeino? ianaeaiiy Oe?a?i? (X3) iiaeia ae?aceoe oae:

Y = 0,0151O1 — 0,057O2 + 0,0175O3 + 15,4 (1)

I?e c?inoaii? ?aaeueiiai aeioiaeo ia 100 a?a. a ??e niiaeeaaiiy ?eaii?
i?iaeoeoe?? c?inoa? ia 1,54 ea. I?e ?ino? oe?i ia 30 % niiaeeaaiiy
?eaii? i?iaeoeoe?? cieaeo?oueny ia 2,85 ea a ??e.

Iniiai? oi?aiaaeuei? iioiee ?eaieo i?iaeoeo?a ?aeooue o iai?yieo a?ae
iaio ?icaeiooeo e?a?i, aea aeeiaeth?oueny ?eaa, aei a?eueo ?icaeiooeo
e?a?i, aea ia?a?iaey?oueny ? niiaeeaa?oueny.

Na?oiaee aeaeiaooie ?eae ? ii?ai?iaeoeo?a ca 1970-1990 ??. C??n a 1,5
?aco. Aei 2000 ?ieo ia’?i ae?iaieoeoaa aeinyaia 110 iei. o.
A?aeaoaa?oueny ia?a?iciiae?e ?aa?ii?a eiao a Na?oiaiio ieaai?. C?inea
aeiey aeeiao a i?ai?/ii-no?aeii? /anoei? Oeoiai ieaaio. Iaae?iiy ia’?i?a
aeaeiaooeo a i?ai?/ii-no?aeii? Aoeaioeoe? iiynith?oueny ??ceei
nei?i/aiiyi ?eaieo ?ano?n?a. Aaaaeaiiy 220-ieeueieo oa?eoi??aeueieo cii
aeeiao iicaaaeei aaaaoueio e?a?i, ui iathoue aeniaaeeoe?ei? oeioee??,
o?aaeeoe?eieo ?aeii?a i?iieneo.

A Oe?a?i? ? /ioe?e oeioee??, ye? aaaeooue i?iienae o Na?oiaiio ieaai?:
“Aoeaioeea” (i. Naaanoiiieue), “Aioa?eoeea”(i. Iaeana), “Ea?/?eai?ii” ?
“I?aaeai?eaiiooe” (i. Ea?/). Ia aeieth “Aoeaioeee” i?eiaaea? 48,6 %
an??? aeiaooi? ?eae, “Aioa?eoeoe?” iaeaaeeoue 17,7 % a oe?eiio ia’?i?
aeiaooi? ?eae. Ia aeieth e?einueeeo ia’?aeiaiue, a?aoiaoth/e “Aoeaioeeo”
i?eiaaea? 70 % anueiai ia’?io aeiaooi? ?eae. Oae?eueia aaaa
“Ea?/?eai?iia” ? “I?aaeai?eaiiooea” neeaaea? 20 %. Naia aiie
neeaaeathoue ia’?eoe ni?aaaeiueiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaiaaeaeiaio o ?eaii?
i?iieneiaino? ni?ey? aeaeeaaiith i?aei?e?inoa ?c-ca a?aenooiino?
aea?aeaaii? i?aeo?eiee ieaai?/ieo oeioee?e.

Ae?iaie/? ia’?aeiaiiy “Ea?/?eai?ii” ? “I?aaeai?eaiiooe” aeeth/athoue aei
naaa aace oeioo ? aa?aaia? i?ae?icae?ee, ye? ia iathoue i?aaa
th?eaee/ii? iniae. Ca inoaii? n?i ?ie?a iaea i?noea oaiaeaioe?y aei
ciaioaiiy na?aaeiueinieni/iiai neeaaeo ia’?aeiaiue ia 30-40 %, aea i?e
caa?aaeaii? ia?o ca ana oae?eueii? aaae ieaaninoaao ? niaoe?ae?no?a
aia?aoo oi?aae?iiy. A oie aea /an a?aeaoaa?oueny i?ioean oaeineiiaeaiiy
no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy ? ?o ooieoe??, iaoiiaeaieo aaeaioaoe??th aei
?eieiaeo a?aeiinei. Ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ia ae?yeuei?noue ia’?aeiaiue
iai?aaeaia ia iiooe ni?eueii? aenieoaoaoe?? noaeai, a oiio /ene? ia
i?iiene?, ia eeiiaeaeeianueeeo iia?aoe?yo, ia o?aoo?. A ia’?aeiaiiyo
i?aeoeeo?oueny oeeaaeaiiy eiio?aeo?a ia eoi?aeth-i?iaeaae, aeeth/ath/e
i?iaeaae ?eae ca ?aooiie iiaaoaiiy ai?a?a ca ?aiiio noaeai,
iaeeaii-ianoeeuei? iaoa??aee. Iiceoeaiei ? oaeo aaaaeaiiy a aeiiii?/i?
ciie noaeai aac oeeaaeaiiy i?aeo?yaeiaeo oaiae, ia iniia? caeo/aiiy
o?iainiaeo eioo?a eiiiaiueeii?a aeey aenieoaoaoe?? ? ?aiiioo.

Iaaaoeaiee a?e ni?eueii? aenieoaoaoe?? caeeth/a?oueny a i?eioniaiio
i?iaeaaeo aeiaooi? ?eae ii oe?iai ia 30-35 % ieae/a na?oiaeo ia
ei?enoue eiiiaiueeii?a, ui cia/ii cieaeo? aoaeoeai?noue ?iaioe
ia’?aeiaiue.

Oi?aae?iiy iniiaiei eai?oaeii ia’?aeiaiue ?eaii? i?iieneiaino? nea?iaaii
ia i?aeaeuaiiy aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy iniiaiiai eai?oaeo
oeyoii a?eueo iiaiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy eaeaiaea?iiai /ano a noaei-aeia?
(aenoaineaiee a?e) ? a?eueo iiaiiai aeei?enoaiiy /ano ia i?iiene?
(?ioaineaiee a?e). Aiae?c iieacaa iayai?noue cia/ieo ?aca?a?a
aeei?enoaiiy iniiaiiai eai?oaeo. Iaaaoeaiei ? oa, ui a?eueo?noue noaeai
ia? aeoee nooiaiue ciino, yeee cana?ae/o? i?i oa, ui iniiaiee neeaae
oeioo aeecuee?e aei iiaiiai nienoaaiiy. O?iainoaaiiy eai?oaeueieo
aeeaae?a aoei i?i?iaeueiei, a eioo?a oiiaeo aii?oecaoe?? aoei
iaaeinoaoiuei aeey iiiiaiaiiy aace oeioo. Ia no/aniiio aoai? a ?eaii?
i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie iaia? ?aaeueieo aeaea?ae a?aeoai?aiiy iniiaiiai
eai?oaeo. Eiao?oe??io ?iaanooaaiiy ye a?aeiioaiiy aeanieo aeaea?ae aei
aeiaaino?ieiaeo e?aaeeo?a ciaioeany a /ioe?e ?ace. Aac na?eicieo
aeaea?ae ?iaanooaaiiy ia aoaea iaiiaethaaoenue ieaai?/iee oeio Oe?a?ie.

Aiae?c i?eaooe?a i?aeoaa?aeaeo?, ui iniiai?e i?eaooie ia’?aeiaiiy
io?eiothoue a?ae ?aae?caoe?? oiaa?ii? i?iaeoeoe??. I?eaooee a?ae o?aooo
? i?aiaee iiee caeiathoue iacia/io aeieth.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e?, yeee iaceaa?oueny “Oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy aeiiii?/ii?
aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaaie ?eaiiai ainiiaea?noaa”,
iaa?oioiaaii i?iaeo oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanii i?eaaoecaoe?? aea?aeaaieo
?eaiaeiaoaath/eo oeioee?e, aeeeaaeaii iaoiaee/i? iniiae i?iaiicoaaiiy
?icaeoeo iaoe?iiaeueiiai ?eaiiai ainiiaea?noaa ? ?ice?eoi iaoiaee/i?
i?aeoiaee aei aaaaoioaeoi?ieo aiae?oe/ieo iiaeaeae aeey ?ic?iaee
ea?oaaeueieo ??oaiue o ?eaii? i?iieneiaino?.

I?eaaoecaoe?y aea?aeaaieo ?eaiaeiaoaath/eo oeioee?e aenooia? ye
aaaeeeaee oaeoi? i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa, iioeaaoe?? aei
i?aoe?, no?oeoo?ii? ia?aaoaeiae aaeoc?. Iaoa ?aoi?ioaaiiy – noai?eoe
?icaeiaio, oaoiieia?/ii i?ia?aneaio, oaoi?/ii oaeineiiaeaio aaeocue
?eaii? i?iieneiaino?.

Aaaeeeaith oiiaith, yea aeiiiiiaea iiaeieaoe e?eco aeiiii?ee ? niaae
ae?iaieoeoaa, aenooiathoue ?iaanoeoe??. Naia oiio a i?ioean?
i?eaaoecaoe?? iaea?eueo aino?eie ieoaiiyie aenooiathoue ieoaiiy
o?iainoaaiiy aaeoc?, ??aaiue ?iaanooaaiiy, noai?aiiy iaea?eueo aea?aeieo
oiia aeey ?iaanoi??a.

Ca?aeii ?c noaooath 5, /anoeiith ae?oaith Caeiio Oe?a?ie “I?i aianaiiy
ci?i o caeii Oe?a?ie “I?i i?eaaoecaoe?th iaeia aea?aeaaieo
i?aei?e?inoa”” ia i?aeeyaathoue i?eaaoecaoe?? ia’?eoe
caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiai cia/aiiy a oiio /ene? “aeaaoi??? ii?o?a, i?e/aee
an?o eaoaai??e ? i?ecia/aiue, i?e/aeuei? ? a?ae?ia?ao?/i? nii?oaee,
aa?aaia? i?e/aee, ye? neoaeaoue aeey ia?aaacaiiy ethaeae, caoeni?
nii?oaee ? nenoaie neaiae?caoe??, ii?oia? nenoaie ?iaeaia?ii?
?io?ano?oeoo?e, nii?oaee ca’yceo, o/aiaee ? a?ae?ia?ao?/iee oeio”.

Iniaeea?noth i?eaaoecaoe?? Aace aeiaoaath/iai oeioo ? oa, ui ia
?eaiaeiaoaath/e noaeia iiaeiii aooe ?iciianthaeaeaii ae?th noaoo? 5,
ioieoo o?e aeaiiai caeiio c oei, uia i?eaaoecaoe?y noaeai i?iaiaeeeanue
?c caa??aaiiyi o aea?aeaai?e aeaniino? Oe?a?ie ia iaio 51 % aeoe??. Oea
aeicaieeoue caa?aaoe noaeia a aeaniino? Oe?a?ie ? ?acii c oei caeo/eoe
aeey oaoi?/iiai ia?ainiauaiiy ? a?aeiiaeaiiy ia’?i?a ae?iaieoeoao
?iaanoeoe?? ?yaeo ca?oa?aeieo e?a?i, ye? ? a iao /an i?aiaeothoue
a?o/eciyi? noaeia aai ?ioeo ?iaanoi??a, ye? iiaeooue aooe ni?aaeanieeaie
aeaniino? Oe?a?ie.

?ic?aooiie iieaco?, ui a?ey 4-5 % aeoe?? aoaea iaeaaeaoe ?ia?oieeai
ia’?aeiaiiy. A?ey o?aoeie aoaea i?iaeaii ?iicaiiei ?iaanoi?ai. Iiaeeeai
ia?aaeaa/eoe, ui ca ?aooiie i?iaeaaeo aeoe?? a ia’?aeiaiiy “Ea?/?eai?ii”
?c 85,6 iei. a?a. aeaniino? a aeoe?yo iaae?eaea 25,7 iei. a?a. a?ae
th?eaee/ieo in?a ia?aceaeaio?a ? ?aceaeaio?a, a a “I?aaeai?eaiiooe” c 67
iei. a?a., aeoe?? aoaea i?eaeaaii ia noio a 20 iei. a?a. oaeiae a?ae
th?eaee/ieo in?a ia?aceaeaio?a ? ?aceaeaio?a. Oaeei /eiii, a?ey 45 iei.
a?a. neeaaea? i?eieea eioo?a a?ae ?aae?caoe?? aeoe??. I?ney on?o
?ic?aooie?a o ?icii?yaeaeaii? aeoe?iia?iiai oiaa?enoaa a?aee?eoiai oeio
“Ea?/?eai?ii” aoaea ciaoiaeeoenue a?ey 6,16 iei. a?a., a o aeoe?iia?iiai
oiaa?enoaa a?aee?eoiai oeio “I?aaeai?eaiiooe” – 4,8 iei. a?a.

Ua iaeia ieoaiiy ca’ycaia c iane?aeeaie ea?oaaeueiiai ??oaiiy –
i?eaaoecaoe??th ?eaiaeiaoaath/iai oeioo – oea i?iaeaia iiai?
i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e. I?iiiiiaaia i?aai?caoe?eia no?oeoo?a
ei?ii?aoe?? “Ea?/?eai?ii” i?aaenoaaeaia ia iaethieo 1. O ?acoeueoao?
i?eaaoecaoe?? ?eaiaeiaoaath/iai oeioo oa ?ioeo i?ae?icae?eea aoaea
noai?aii iiao no?oeoo?o aia?aoa oi?aae?iiy i???ioiaaia ia aoaeoeai?noue
aeei?enoaiiy oeioo.

I?iaiicoaaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa ?eaii? i?iaeoeoe?? yaey?oueny aieiaiei aoaiii
i?iaiicoaaiiy aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo ?eaiiai ainiiaea?noaa a ia?niaeoea?.
Ia aeaiiio aoai? aecia/athoueny ia’?i ? no?oeoo?a aeioneo i?iaeoeoe??,
?iciiae?ey?oueny ae?iaieoeoai ?eaii? i?iaeoeoe?? i?ae oeioii ?
aa?aaiaith ia?a?iai/ith aacith cae?enith?oueny aeeiiaiiy iio?aa aaeoc? a
iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ieo caniaao.

Ioe?iea aeueoa?iaoeaieo aa??aio?a ?icaeoeo aaeoc? ii/eia?oueny c
iinoaiiaee ? aecia/aiiy oe?eae ?icaeoeo aaeoc? ? oi?ioaaiiy eiiieaeno
caaaeaiue, ye? ?aae?cothoue oe? oe?e?.

I?ney oeueiai a?aeaoaa?oueny iaa?oiooaaiiy iiieo iaoe?iiaeueiiai
ainiiaea?noaa a ?eai?e i?iaeoeoe?? aeey /iai i?iaiaeyoue ioe?ieo oiiaeo
aeei?enoaiiy oa?/iai? i?iaeoeoe??, ia’?io ae?iaie/iai aeei?enoaiiy
?ioeie aaeocyie iaoe?iiaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa, ia’?io oiaa?iiai
iieooaa??eaoo, ui eaea ia i?iieneiao ia?a?iaeo, ia’?io aenii?oo ?eaii?
i?iaeoeoe??, ia’?io ?iii?oo ?eaii? i?iaeoeoe??, ia’?io aaciiai?ioieo
ao?ao.

Iniiaieie ia?aiao?aie, ii yeei a?aeaoaa?oueny ioe?iea aa??aio?a,
yaeythoueny oeiae ?eae ? ii?ai?iaeoeo?a, ia’?ie aeioneo oa?/iai?
i?iaeoeoe??, aeeth/ath/e eiina?ae, ia’?ie iaoa?/iai? i?iaeoeoe??, ia’?ie
oiaa?ii? (aaeiai?) i?iaeoeoe?? a iaci?iieo oe?iao, ia’?ie oiaa?ii?
i?iaeoeoe?? a ae?th/eo oe?iao.

Ianooiiei aoaiii aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee aeueoa?iaoeaieo aa??aio?a ?icaeoeo
aaeoc? yaey?oueny iaa?oiooaaiiy iio?aa aaeoc? o ae?iaie/eo ?ano?nao, o
ye? aoiaeyoue: iaoa??aeuei? ?ano?ne, iniiai? oiiaee, eai?oaeuei?
aeeaaeaiiy, nia?aa?o?noue oiaa?ii? i?iaeoeoe?? ? aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea
aeei?enoiaoaaieo eaae??a.

Aeoiaey/e ?c aeueoa?iaoeaieo aa??aio?a ?icaeoeo aaeoc? ? aeai?o
?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeoaea aaaeeeai aea?aoe e?eoa??e iioeiaeueiino?.

Ia aaeocaaiio ??ai? aeey oe?eae i?iaiicoaaiiy ?icaeoeo ?eaii?
i?iieneiaino?, ?? iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ii? aace aeioe?eueia aeei?enoaiiy
eiiieaeno aeiiii?ei-iaoaiao?/ieo iiaeaeae, oi?iae?coth/eo ?icaeoie
ie?aieo iai?yie?a ?icaeoeo aaeoc?, neeaaeiaeo /anoei, ae?iaieoeoa.

A ?ioa?anao ?ic?iaee aaaaoioaeoi?ii? iiaeae? o?iainiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo
iaaaaeaii aeai? ii ieaai?/iei oeioee?yi Aea?aeeii?eaoico Oe?a?ie (oaae.
1).

Ia?o ca ana aeaeii, ui ia’?aeiaiiy “Aoeaioeea” ? “I?aaeai?eaiiooe”
i?eaooeia?, aea ?c caaaeueiiai ia’?io aeioneo oa?/iai? i?iaeoeoe?? an?ia
ia’?aeiaiiyie o 1996 ?. ? 1997 ?. o?eueee 6,5 % iio?aieei ia ?eiie
Oe?a?ie. A oe?eiio a?aeaoeiny cieaeaiiy aeeiao ?eae ? aeioneo oa?/iai?
i?iaeoeoe?? ii a?aeiioaiith aei 1996 ?. ia 1,4%. Cieceeanue aa?o?noue
?aae?caoe?? ia 11,2 % ?, a?aeiia?aeii, oe?ia ?aae?caoe?? iaeeieoe?
i?iaeoeoe??, aea ca?eueoeany aaeainiaee i?eaooie ia 307,5 %, a oea
icia/a? cieaeaiiy nia?aa?oino? i?iaeoeoe??. ??aaiue ?aioaaaeueiino? ca
1996 ?. neeaa 0,5 %, a ca 1997 ?. ca ?aooiie ia’?aeiaiiy “Aoeaioeea”
c??n aei 1,87%.

Oaaeeoey 1

Iieacieee ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa
Aea?aeeii?eaainio Oe?a?ie, ui aaaeooue ieaai?/iee i?iienae

Iieacieee Ea?/?eai?ii Aoeaioeea Aioa?eoeea I?aaeai?eaiiooe ?acii

1996 a. 1997 a. 1996 a. 1997 a. 1996 a. 1997 a. 1996 a. 1997 a. 1996 a.
1997 a.

1. Caeiaoooy ?eae ? i/ i?iaeoeo?a, oen. o 39,1 47,5 181,6 180 46,5 21,7
51,3 48 318,5 297,2

2. Aeione oa?/iai? i?iaeoeoe??, oen. o 35,4 44,3 103,2 105 31,6 18,1
39,5 39,5 209,7 206,9

3. Iinoa/aiiy ia ?eiie Oe?a?ie, oen. o 2,8 3,6 8,3 7,9 — — 2,5 1,9 13,6
13,4

4. Aeiey aioo??oiueiai ?eieo o aeioneo, % 7,9 8,1 8,0 7,5 — — 6,3 4,8
6,5 6,5

5. Ia’?i ?aae?caoe?? oen. a?i. 16000 16528,3 119566 135099 33433,9 —
33433,9 30193,6 202434 181821,5

6. Aaeainiaee i?eaooie, oen. a?i. -1925 -1090 3831,8 5206,9 -2180 —
1363,3 322,6 1089,0 3349,5

7. E?aaeeoi?nueea caai?aiaai?noue, oen. a?i. 36152,8 33680 62458,3 72869
— — 9985,6 10543,5 108596 117092,5

8. Ieaoaae? a athaeaeao, oen. a?i.

–ia/eneaii — 2291,3 — 12573,3 — — — 1566,5 — 16431,1

–ia?a?aoiaaii — 658,7 — 9049,2 — — — 928,3 — 10636,2

–% oieaoe — 29 — 72 — — — 59 — 64,7

I?e?iaeii, ui ?aioaaaeuei?noue ? i?eaooeia?noue a cia/iiio nooiai?
o?eueee ?ic?aooieia?, ai e?aaeeoi?nueea caai?aiaai?noue iano?eueee
aaeeea, ui aeecueea aei aa?oino? ?aae?ciaaii? i?iaeoeoe??.

Ieaoaae? a athaeaeao neeaaeathoue anueiai 64,7 % a?ae noie ia?aooaaiue.
Aeiey ia’?aeiaiiy “Ea?/?eai?ii” o aeioneo oa?/iai? i?iaeoeoe?? o 1997 ?.
neeaaeaea 21,4 %, a a ia’?i? ?aae?caoe?? – 9,0 %, ui cana?ae/o? i?i
a?eueo iecuee? oe?ie ?aae?caoe??. Oa e nieaoeei oea ia’?aeiaiiy anueiai
29% a?ae ia?aooaaiue.

Naia ??no caeiae/? ?eae o ia’?aeiaii? “Ea?/?eai?ii” ? aoei i?e/eiith
aeai?o oeueiai ia’?aeiaiiy aeey aaaaoioaeoi?iiai aiae?co. ?icaeyiaii
iine?aeiaii ia i?eeeaae? ia’?aeiaiiy “Ea?/?eai?ii” eiai i?aenoiee ca
1997 ??e ii a?aeiioaiith aei 1996 ?ieo, ? c?iaeii ?yae i?iiiceoe?? ii
oaeineiiaeaiith ae?iaieoeoaa ? e?auiio aeei?enoaiith aecia/ath/eo eiai
oaeoi??a. ?ioi?iaoe?y aeey ii??aiyiiy iieaciee?a 1997 ?. ii ii??aiyii c
1996 ?. iaaaaeaia o oaaeeoe? 2.

Oaaeeoey 2

Aeeiai?ea iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo iieaciee?a

ia’?aeiaiiy “Ea?/?eai?ii”

Iieacieee ?iee Iieacieee 1997 ?. e 1996 ?. ? a?aeoeeaiiy

1996 1997 Oe?eeiaeoa aaee/eia A?aenioeiaa a?aeiioaiiy

1. Ia’?i oa?/iai? i?iaeoeoe??, o

35400

44300

8900

125,14

2. Nia?aa?o?noue i?iaeoeoe??, oen. a?i.

16034

16528,3

494,3

103,08

3. *enaeuei?noue ia?niiaeo, ethaeei

3026

2773

— 253

91,64

4. Iniiai? ae?iaie/? oiiaee, oen. a?i.

85591

83292,3

-2298,7

97,3

5. Iiaia nia?aa?o?noue i?iaeoeoe??, oen. a?i.

16926,906

18769,588

1842,682

110,88

6. Aii?oecaoe?y, oen. a?i. 2140,485 5151,661 3011,176 240,67

7. Iniiaia ? aeiaeaoeiaa ieaoa, oen. a?i.

3060,303

2726,304

-1318,950

89,09

8. Iaoa??aeuei? cai?ioi? eiooe, oen. a?i.

8766,538

8037,523

-729,015

91,68

9. Noeoii?noue iiaeaoe?a ? a?ae?aooie?a ,oen. a?i.

2959,580

2854,100

-105,480

96,44

10. Caeoie a?ae ae?iaie/i? ae?yeueiino?, oen. a?i.

-892,906

-2241,288

-1314,382

251,0

?c aeaieo oaaeeoe? 2 aeia?a aeaeii, ui, ia aeeaey/enue ia ??no ia’?io
oa?/iai? i?iaeoeoe?? ia 25,14 % aa?o?noue ?? ca?eueoeeanue anueiai ia
3,08%, oiaoi oe?ia ?aae?caoe?? ci?ieeanue ia 17,8 %. Iiaia nia?aa?o?noue
i?iaeoeoe?? ca?eueoeeanue ia 10 % ? ia?o ca ana ca ?aooiie ?inoo
aii?oecaoe??, ui noaei i?aaeiaoii iniaeeaiai ?icai?o a oiae? ?icaeyaeo
iniiaieo oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a.

Aeei?enoai? oaeoi?e ae?iaieoeoaa o 1997 ?ioe? ciaioeeenue: oae ia 253
ethaeeie nei?ioeeanue /enaeuei?noue i?aoethth/iai ia?niiaeo, ciaioeeanue
aa?o?noue iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a ? iaoa??aeueieo cai?ioieo eioo?a.
A oiae? aiae?co o?ioe ?iaeoa iiaeaii nia?aa?o?noue ae?iaeaii?
i?iaeoeoe?? (N), yea neeaaea?oueny ?c /ioe?ueio iniiaieo /anoei –
aii?oecaoe?? (A), iieaoe i?aoe? (II), iaoa??aeueieo cai?ioieo eioo?a (I)
? iiaeaoe?a oa a?ae?aooaaiue (I):

N = A + II + I + I (2)

Oi?aae?iiy eiaeiith neeaaeiaith /anoeiith nia?aa?oino? ia? nai?
iniaeeaino?. Aeae?eaiiy an?o aeae?a iiaeaoe?a ? a?ae?aooaaiue o
Aea?aeaaiee athaeaeao ? i?noeaa? athaeaeaoe neeaaea? aaaeeeaee a?aenioie
nia?aa?oino? ? aoei aeae?eaii iniaeeai a oiae? aeine?aeaeoaaiiy.

Aeeeeea? oe?eaa?noue oa?aeoa?enoeea aeei?enoaiiy iniiaieo oaeoi??a
ae?iaieoeoaa ?eaii? i?iaeoeoe??.

Oae o?eaae?noue cai?ioieo oiiae?a o 1997 ?. ciaioeeanue ia 22 aei? aai
ia 11,6 %, cai?io iniiaieo eioo?a ciaioeany ia 23,81 ?. aai ia 59,48 %,
a oie aea /an i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe? c ?ic?aooieo ia iaeiiai
i?aoe?aieea ca?eueoeeanue ia 0,66 oen. a?i.

Aeoiaey/e ?c ?ic?iaeaieo i?aeoiae?a ni?anoaaeaiiy i?e?inoo, a?aeoeeaiiy
iieaciee?a 1997 ?. ii a?aeiioaiith aei 1996 ?. nii/aoeo ciaoiaeyoue
aeeiai?eo ye?nieo iieaciee?a ye a?aeiioaiiy iieaciee?a aei ?inoo ia’?io
ca 1997 ?. oa?/iai? i?iaeoeoe??.

Oi?ioeo ii?ie i?eaooeo iiaeia caienaoe, ye:

R= I? / E = [?I — N] / E= [?I — (A+II+I+I)] / E ; (3)

sseui oaia? ?iciiae?eeoe an? aeaiaioe oi?ioee ia aa?o?noue ?aae?ciaaii?
i?iaeoeoe??, oi iaea?aeeii:

(4)

aea A/?I – aii?oecaoe?y?ii?noue (A?);

Ii/?I – ca?ieaoi?ii?noue (C?);

I/?I – iaoa??aei?ii?noue (I?);

I/?I – iiaeaoei?ii?noue (I?);

E/?I – eai?oaei?ii?noue (E?).

I?e?iaeii, ui aeine?aeieea oe?eaaeoue i?e??no ii?i i?eaooeo iaeiiai ?ieo
ii a?aeiioaiith aei ii?ie i?eaooeo ae?oaiai ?ieo, a oi/i?oa ??cieoey
iieacieea ii?ie i?eaooeo, yeo a oe?eiio iiaeia caienaoe ye:

Oaeei /eiii, i?e??no i?eaooeo aecia/a?oueny ??cieoeath eai?oaei?iiino?,
aii?oecaoe?y?iiino?, ca?ieaoi?iiino?, iaoa??aei?iiino? ?
iiaeaoei?iiino?, iaaaaeaieo /a?ac eai?oaei?ii?noue iieacieea eiaeiiai
?ieo. Cina?aaeeii anth iiaeaio ?ioi?iaoe?th o oaaeeoe? 3.

Oaaeeoey 3

?ioi?iaoe?y aeey ?ic?aooieo aieeao oaeoi??a ae?iaieoeoaa

ia ii?io i?eaooeo aei eai?oaeo

Iieacieee Neiaieue-i? iicia/ai-iy ?iee Aaniethoia a?aeoeeaiiy
iieaciee?a 1997 ?. a?ae 1996 ?.

1996 1997

1. Aii?oecaoe?a?ii?noue A? 0,1334966 0,3116872 0,17819

2. Ca?ieaoi?ii?noue C? 0,1902633 0,1649476 -0,0259157

3. Iaoa?eaei?ii?noue I? 0,5466844 0,4862885 -0,0603950

4. Iiaeaoei?ii?noue I? 0,1827100 0,1726795 -0,0100300

5. Eai?oaei?ii?noue E? 5,8848408 5,525663 -0,3591770

6. Ii?ia i?eaooeo R -0,0094631 -0,0254405 -0,015077

C??no ia 10 % iieaciee?a 1997 ?. i?ecaiaeeoue aei i?aeaeuaiiy
caeoeiaino? c-ca aii?oecaoe?y?iiino? ia 0,65 %, iaoa??aei?iiino? ia 0,88
%, ca?ieaoi?iiino? ia 0,19 %, iiaeaoei?iiino? ia 0,3 % ?
eai?oaei?iiino? ia 0,49 %, ciaioaiiy oaeaeeino? ia?ao IAO ia 0,585 %.

O aeena?oaoe?? iieacaii iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo e?eoe/iiai ia’?io oa?/iai?
i?iaeoeoe?? , e?eoe/iiai ia’?io ae?o/ee a?ae ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoeoe??,
i?i?iaeueii? oe?ie, yea caaacia/o? ?aioaaaeuei?noue i?iaeoeoe??,
i?i?iaeueiee ia?ae?iaeueiee i?eaooie. An? oe? iaoiaee/i? ?ic?iaee
aeicaieythoue iiai?oa ? aeeaoa ?ice?eoe ?aca?ae ae?iaieoeoaa ? ae?iaeoe
iaiao?aei? ea?oaaeuei? ??oaiiy.

Ia caaa?oaiiy aeena?oaoe?? iiaeaii 9 aeniiae?a ? 6 i?iiiceoe?e.

Aeniiaee ? i?iiiceoe??.

1. ?eaia i?iieneia?noue Oe?a?ie – aaaeia neeaaeiaa /anoeia oa?/iai?
i?iieneiaino?. Aaeaiooth/enue aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei iaeaea i?e iiai?e
a?aenooiino? aea?aeaaiiai o?iainoaaiiy, ?eaiaeiaoaath/? oeioee?? aoee
ciooai? iioe?eoe i?aeoeeo caea/? noaeai a i?aiaeo, ni?eueia
aeei?enoaiiy c ?iicaiieie o??iaie.

Nieaoa ca ?aiiio noaeai ? i?eaeaaiiy iaeeai–ianoeeueieo iaoa??ae?a
ii/aei i?iaiaeeoenue ca ?aooiie i?iaeaaeo aeiaooi? ?eae ca oe?iaie ia
30-35% ieae/a ??aiy na?oiaeo, ui cia/ii cieceei aoaeoeai?noue
ae?iaieoeoaa, aea ca?eueoeei ia’?i aeiaoaaiiy ?eae e ii?ai?iaeoeo?a. ?c
caaaeueiiai ianyao aeiaooi? ?eae e ii?ai?iaeoeo?a 90-92 % aeo?a/a?oueny
ia iieaoo aenieoaoaoe?eieo aeo?ao noaeai.

2. Iaiaaeaeiaio ? ia?eaoeiaia? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?eaii? i?iieneiaino?
iai?aaeai? ia ci?iaio ooieoe?e ea?oaaeueieo no?oeoo? noiniaii aei
noaiiaeaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei, a?aoiaoth/e ?iciiae?e ia’?eo?a
oi?aae?iiy ii 8 ?aa?iiai Na?oiaiai ieaaio ? aenieee nooiaiue
aaoiiiiiino?. O?iainiaee iaiaaeaeiaio ?icaeyaea? i?iaiice o?iainiaiai
noaio ae?iaieoeoaa, ieaioaaiiy iiaiiai aeei?enoaiiy iiooaeiino?
ieaacania?a, iae?eo ? aiae?co ?iaioe eiaeii? iaeeieoe?, eiio?ieth ca
aeo?a/aiiyi a?ioiaeo eioo?a ?c noai?ei aeiaea?aeaiiyi ?ioa?an?a eiaeiiai
noaeia.

3. Aea/aiiy i?ioean?a ci?ie aeaeiaiai neeaaeo ?eaieo ?ano?n?a
i?ecaiaeeoue aei aeniiaeo, ui Oe?a?ia oa ?io? aea?aeaae, ui ? aeanieeaie
cia/ieo ieaai?/ieo oeioee?e, iiaeii? ae??oaoe i?iaeaio a?aeiiaeaiiy
oaeaeei nei?i/oth/eony ?eaieo ?ano?n?a ia iniia? i?aeia?iaeiiai
iiaiaeaeaiiy.

4. Iaoiaee/i? iniiae ioe?iee ea?oaaeueieo ??oaiue o ?eai?e i?iieneiaino?
iiaeii? aoaeoaaoeny ia ni?anoaaeaii? i?e?inoo ?acoeueoao?a aei i?e?inoo
aeo?ao ia cae?eniaiiy ea?oaaeueiiai ??oaiiy.

5. Iiieo ia ?eaio i?iaeoeoe?th ia aeooo ianaeaiiy a Oe?a?i? (Y)
aecia/a?oueny ?aaeueieie aeioiaeaie ia aeooo ianaeaiiy (X1), ?iaeaenii
oe?i ia ?eaio i?iaeoeoe?th (X2) ? aeeiai?eith e?eueeino? ianaeaiiy
Oe?a?i? (X3) iiaeia ae?aceoe ye:

Y = 0,0151O1 — 0,057O2 + 0,0175O3 + 15,4

6. I?e a?aenooiino? aea?aeaaiiai o?iainoaaiiy ia i?eaeaaiiy e?oeaic?e
ea??aieoeoai ia’?aeiaiiue iioe?eei i?aeoeeo aaaaeaiiy noaeai a
aeiiii?/i? ciie eiao aac oeeaaeaiiy i?aeo?yaeiaeo oaiae, ia iniia?
ni?eueiiai aeei?enoaiiy ? caeo/aiiy o?iainiaeo eioo?a eiiiaiueeii?a.
Iaaaoeaia noi?iia ni?eueii? aenieoaoaoe?? caeeth/a?oueny o aeiooaiiio
i?iaeaaeo aeiaeoi? ?eae ii oe?iai eiiiaiueeii?a, ye? ia 30-35 % ieae/a
na?oiaeo, ui aeoaea cieaeo? aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue i?aoe? on?o
ia’?aeiaiiue.

7. A?eueo?noue noaeai ia’?aeiaiiue iathoue aenieee ??aaiue eiao?oe??ioo
ciino. O?iainoaaiiy eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiue a ia’?aeiaiiy ?eaii?
i?iieneiaino? ca aeine?aeaeoaaiee ia??iae aoei iacia/iei. Eiao?oe??io
?iaanooaaiiy cieceany iaeaea a 4 ?ace. Ia’?aeiaiiy a?ae/oaathoue aino?o
iaaeinoaoi?noue cai?ioieo eioo?a.

8. ??aaiue iieaoe i?aoe? ?ia?oiee?a ?eaii? i?iieneiaino? iaaeinoaoi?e
iaa?oue aeey i?inoiai a?aeiiaeaiiy ?iai/i? neee, ui coiiaeth? aenieo
oaeo/?noue eaae?iaiai neeaaeo (17 %).

9. Aieiaieie iieoioeyie i?iaeoeoe?? ?eaii? i?iieneiaino? ia
aioo??oiueiio ?eieo ? eiia?oe?ei? no?oeoo?e. Oe?ie ?aae?caoe?? ?eaii?
i?iaeoeoe?? a Oe?a?i? o na?aaeiueiio ia?aaeuothoue na?oia? oe?ie ia
20-40 %. Iniiaiei i?eaooeii ?eaii? i?iieneiaino? ? eiooe a?ae
?aae?caoe?? oa?/iai? ? iaoa?/iai? i?iaeoeoe??. I?eaooee a?ae o?aooo ?
i?aiaee iiee ui iacia/i?.

O ?acoeueoao? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iiaeia aianoe ne?aeoth/e
i?iiiceoe?? ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??.

1. Aeey i?aeaeuaiiy aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe ia’?aeiaiiue ?eaiiai
ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny cae?enieoe i?ioean aeoe?iioaaiiy
ieaai?/ieo oeioee?e, caa??aoe o ?oeao aea?aeaae 51% aeoe?e.
I?iiiio?oueny ?nioth/? ia’?aeiaiiy ia?aoai?eoe a ei?ii?aoe?? a yeeo
aoaeooue niieo/aoeny i?ae?icae?ee ye ia iniia? aea?aeaaii? aeaniino?,
oae ? aeoe?iia?ii?.

2. I?iiiio?oueny aeei?enoiaoaaoe iaoiaee/i? iniiae oaoiieia??
i?iaiicoaaiiy ?eaiiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie, canoiniaoth/e i?eioeeiiao
noaio aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee aeueoa?iaoeaieo aa??aio?a ?ica?aeeo aaeoc? oa
noaio oi?ioaaiiy oa?eoi??aeueieo aaeain?a.

3. I?iiiio?oueny aeei?enoiaoaaoe iaoiaeeeo aaaaoioaeoi?ieo aiae?oe/ieo
iiaeaeae aeey ?ic?iaee ea?oaaeueieo ??oaiue o o?iainiaiio iaiaaeaeiaio?
?eaii? i?iieneiaino?.

4. Aea?aeaaiiio eii?oaoo ?eaiiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?i? ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny:

a) i?aeo?eiaoe ?i?oe?aoeao ?yaeo e?a?i ii caa?aaeaiith a?aeoai?thth/eo
oaeoi??a ?eaieo ?ano?n?a;

a) aeiaeoeny ia iniia? i?aeo?yaeiaeo oaiae iaea?aeaiiy e?oeaic?e ia
i?aai aeeiao ? ae?iaieoeoaa eiina?a?a o ?aeiiao i?iieneo.

5. I?iiiio?oueny ia’?aeiaiiyi ?eaii? i?iieneiaino?:

a) ca?eueoeoe aeieth i?iaeaaeo ?eae ia aioo??oiueiio ?eieo a ca’yceo c
oei, ui a Oe?a?i? oe?ie ia ?eaio i?iaeoeoe?th aeia?aaeaeathoue oe?ie
na?oiaiai ?eieo;

a) ?icoe?eoe i?aaa eai?oai?a noaeai ia iaea?aeaiiy 50 % eioo?a a?ae
?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoeoe?? aeey naiino?eiiai aeei?enoaiiy o?eueee ia
o?iainoaaiiy aenieoaoaoe?eieo aeo?ao, a oaeiae aeicaieeoe aaaaeaiiy
niaoe?aeueiiai ?ic?aooieiaiai ?aooieo, eiooe c eio?iai ia aoaeooue
ia?aaiaeeoeny ia iiaaoaiiy ea?oioaee, a aoaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoeny
o?eueee aeey i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy noaeai.

6. ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny an?i oi?aae?iiyi ia’?aeiaiue ?eaii? i?iieneiaino?
aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?ic?iaeai? a ?iaio? iaoiaee ?ic?aooieo iaae?
?aioaaaeueiino?, e?eoe/iiai ianyao ae?o/ee, i?i?iaeueii? oe?ie
?aae?caoe??, i?i?iaeueiiai ia?ae?iaeueiiai i?eaooeo, a oaeiae iiaeaeue
aaaaoioaeoi?iiai aiae?co aeey oi?aae?iiy aeo?aoaie.

Nienie ioae?eaoe?? ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??:

Aeai/oe I. A. I?iaeaiu i?eaaoecaoeee i?aaei?eyoee ?uaiie
i?iiuoeaiiinoe// ?uaiia oicyenoai Oe?aeiu. – 1998. — ?1. N.23-25.

Aeai/oe I. A. Eniieueciaaiea ?uaiuo ?ano?nia// Yeiiiieea e oi?aaeaiea. –
1998. — ?2. N.13-15.

Aeai/oe I. A. Ninoiyiea ?uaiie i?iiuoeaiiinoe E?uia// Yeiiiieea e
oi?aaeaiea. – 1998. — ?3. N.10-11.

Aeai/oe I. A. Eniieueciaaiea iiiaioaeoi?iuo aiaeeoe/aneeo iiaeaeae aeey
?ac?aaioee oi?aaeai/aneeo ?aoaiee a ?uaiie i?iiuoeaiiinoe// Yeiiiieea e
oi?aaeaiea. – 1998. — ?6. N.17-19.

Aeai/oe I. A. I?iaeaiu no?oeoo?iie o?ainoi?iaoeee i?aaei?eyoee ?uaiiai
oicyenoaa Oe?aeiu// Yeiiiieea e oi?aaeaiea. – 1999. — ?1. N.15-17.

Aiioaoe?y

Aeai/oe I. A. Oaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy eai?oaeii i?aei?e?inoa ?eaii?
i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie (ia i?eeeaae? ia’?aeiaiue “Ea?/?eai?ii”,
“I?aaeai?eaiiooe”).

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ii niaoe?aeueiino? 08. 06. 02 – “I?aei?e?iieoeoai, iaiaaeaeiaio ?
ia?eaoeia” – E?einueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao –
N?ioa?iiieue, 1999.

O aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeothoueny iaoiaee/i? ? i?eeeaaei? ieoaiiy
?eaiiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie. ?ic?iaeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c aeoe?iioaaiiy
?eaieiaieo ieaai?/ieo oeioee?e, ooi/iaii iaoiaee i?iaiicoaaiiy ?icaeoeo
?eaiiai ainiiaea?noaa, iaa?oioiaaii aaaaoioaeoi?i? iiaeae? o?iainiaiai
iaiaaeaeiaioo aeey ?eaii? i?iieneiaino?. Cai?iiiiiaai? oeyoe
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ea?oaaiiy iniiaiei, cai?ioiei ? ethaenueeei
eai?oaeii.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: o?iainiaee iaiaaeaeiaio, aeoe?iioaaiiy, aeiiii?/ia
aoaeoeai?noue, iiieo, i?iiiceoe?y, ieaai?/ia oeioee?y, ?aeiie i?iieneo,
aaaaoioaeoi?i? iiaeae?.

Aiiioaoeey.

Aeai/oe I. A. Niaa?oainoaiaaiea oi?aaeaiey eaieoaeii i?aaei?eyoee ?uaiie
i?iiuoeaiiinoe Oe?aeiu (ia i?eia?a iauaaeeiaiee “Ea?/ue?uai?ii” e
“THa?uaiiene”).

Aeenna?oaoeeae yaeyaony ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.06.02 – “I?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoai, iaiaaeaeiaio
e ia?eaoeia”. – E?uineee ainoaea?noaaiiue aa?a?iue oieaa?neoao –
Neioa?iiieue, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee enneaaeothony iaoiaee/aneea e i?eeeaaeiua aii?inu
iaiaaeaeiaioa e ia?eaoeiaa ?uaiie i?iiuoeaiiinoe. Aeaia ioeaiea
nia?aiaiiiai ninoiyiey i?aaei?eyoee ?uaiiai oicyenoaa Oe?aeiu, a oaeaea
?ane?uou oaiaeaioeee ?aciauaiey ?uaiaeiauaathuaai oeioa Oe?aeiu ii
?aeiiai i?iiunea, aeaeiaiai ninoaaa oeiaa ii?ai?iaeoeoia e no?oeoo?u
auionea ieuaaie i?iaeoeoeee ?uaiaeiauaathueie iauaaeeiaieyie.

A ?aaioa onoaiiaeaii eiee/anoaaiiia aeeyiea oaeoi?ia, ii?aaeaeythueo
aaee/eio ni?ina ia ?uaioth i?iaeoeoeeth, a oaeaea enneaaeiaaiu
iioaioeeaeueiua aiciiaeiinoe aaee/eiu i?aaeeiaeaiey ?uaiie i?iaeoeoeee.
I?aaeiieaaaaony, /oi e 2000 aiaeo iauai i?iecaiaenoaa aeinoeaiao 110
iei. o.

A oiaea enneaaeiaaiey onoaiiaeaii, /oi iniiaiuie iieoiaoaeyie aeiauoie
?uau ia aioo?aiiai ?uiea Oe?aeiu yaeythony eiiia?/aneea no?oeoo?u. Oeaiu
?aaeecaoeee ?uau a Oe?aeia i?aauoatho ie?iaua oeaiu ia 20-40 %. Iniiaiui
aeioiaeii ?uaiie i?iiuoeaiiinoe yaeythony n?aaenoaa io ?aaeecaoeee
ieuaaie e iaieuaaie ?uaiie i?iaeoeoeee. Aeioiaeu io o?aooa e a?aiaeu
noaeia caieiatho iacia/eoaeueioth /anoue a iauai iauaia i?eauee.
?ac?aaioaiu ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii aeoeeiie?iaaieth ?uaieiaiuo ieaaie/aneeo
oeioeeee. Aeey iiauoaiey yeiiiie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe ?aaiou iauaaeeiaiee
?uaiiai oicyenoaa ?aeiiaiaeoaony inouanoaeoue i?ioeann aeoeeiie?iaaiey,
nio?aiea a ?oeao ainoaea?noaa eiio?ieueiue iaeao 51 % aeoeee. Yoi
iicaieeo nio?aieoue noaea a nianoaaiiinoe Oe?aeiu e aianoa n oai
i?eaea/ue aeey oaoie/aneiai ia?ainiauaiey e ainnoaiiaeaiey i?iecaiaenoaa
eiaanoeoeee ?yaea ca?oaaaeiuo no?ai, eioi?ua e a ianoiyuaa a?aiy
a?aiaeotho ioa/anoaaiiua noaea, eee ae?oaeo eiaanoi?ia, eioi?ua iiaoo
auoue niaeaaeaeueoeaie nianoaaiiinoe Oe?aeiu. I?aaeeaaaaony
nouanoaothuea iauaaeeiaiey i?aia?aciaaoue a ei?ii?aoeee, a eioi?uo
aoaeoo ni/aoaoueny iiae?acaeaeaiey eae ia iniiaa eae ainoaea?noaaiiie
nianoaaiiinoe, oae e aeoeeiia?iie.

Ooi/iaiu iaoiaeu i?iaiice?iaaiey ?acaeoey ?uaiiai oicyenoaa..
I?aaeeiaeaiu iooe iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe oi?aaeaiey iniiaiui, iai?ioiui
e /aeiaa/aneei eaieoaeii. Auyaeaiu iniaaiiinoe oi?aaeaiey eaieoaeii
?uaiie i?iiuoeaiiinoe: ?ann?aaeioi/aiiinoue iauaeoia oi?aaeaiey ii
?aaeiiai Ie?iaiai Ieaaia, eo aaoiiiiiinoue, nouanoaaiiay acaeiinaycue
ioa/anoaaiiuo oeioeeee n eiino?aiiuie oe?iaie eiaanoi?aie e ia?oia?aie.

I?aaeeiaeaii eniieueciaaiea iiiaioaeoi?iie iiaeaee oeiainiaiai
iaiaaeaeiaioa aeey ii?aaeaeaiey aeeyiey iaeiaiaieinoe,
aii?oecaoeeaieinoe, ca?ieaoiaieinoe, iaoa?eaeiaieinoe e eaieoaeiaieinoe
ia naaanoieiinoue i?iecaiaeeiie i?iaeoeoeee.

A aeenna?oaoeee iieacaia iaoiaeeea ?an/aoa e?eoe/aneiai iauaia ieuaaie
i?iaeoeoeee, e?eoe/aneiai iauaia au?o/ee io ?aaeecaoeee i?iaeoeoeee,
ieieiaeueiie oeaiu, iaania/eaathuae ?aioaaaeueiinoue i?iaeoeoeee,
ieieiaeueiue ia?aeiaeueiue aeioiae. Ana yoe iaoiaee/aneea ?ac?aaioee
iicaieytho iieiaa e aeoaaea ?ane?uoue ?aca?au i?iecaiaenoaa e
au?aaioaoue iaiaoiaeeiua oi?aaeai/aneea ?aoaiey.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oeiainiaue iaiaaeaeiaio, aeoeeiie?iaaiea, yeiiiie/aneay
yooaeoeaiinoue, ni?in, i?aaeeiaeaiea, ieaaie/aneea oeioeeee, ?aeiiu
i?iiunea, iiiaioaeoi?iua iiaeaee.

Annotation

Demchook O. V. Improvement of Capital Management of the Ukrainian
Fishing Industry ( for an example of unions “Kerchrybprom” and
“Yugrybpoisk”)

Thesis is a manuscript.

Thesis standing for a scientific degree of candidate of economic
sciences on speciality 08.06.02 – “Enterprise, Management and
Marketing”– the Crimean State Agrarian University – Simferopol, 1999.

The methodical and applied questions of management and marketing in
fishing industry are investigated in thesis. The mark to modern status
of the Ukrainian fishing industry enterprises is given here. The
recommendations for holding of fishing ocean flotillas are worked out,
the methods of forecasting of the fishing industry developing are
specified, polyfactorial models of financial management for fishing
industry are grounded. The ways for raising the effectiveness of
management of the main, circulating and man’s capital are offered.

Key words: financial management, holding, economic effectiveness,
demand, supply, ocean flotillas, fishery areas, polifactorial models.

PAGE 21

Похожие записи