IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?inoeooo i?iaeai ?eieo oa aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue

OOIA?IAA I?ia ?iiieeo?aia

OAeE 658.012

OAeINEIIAEAIIss AEIIII?*IIAI OA I?AAI?CAOe?EIIAI

?INO?OIAIOA??TH CAAACIA*AIIss AEIEIA?*II?

AACIAEE A II?NUeEIIO I?E?IAeIEI?ENOOAAII?

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.08.01 — Aeiiii?ea i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy i
ioi?iie iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Iaeana — 1998

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? i?iaeai ?eieo oa aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue Iaoe?iiaeueii? Aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie (i. Iaeana)

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Eiaaeueiaa Iaoaey A?eai??aia

?inoeooo i?iaeai ?eieo oa aeiiii?ei-

aeieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie,

aieiaiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

IAEUeIEE Eaiiae A?eai?iae/,

Noinueeee aea?aeaaiee oiiaa?neoao

Iiinaoe Oe?aie, caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

AAEEE* Ienaia Iiaianaia,

?inoeooo aeiiii?ee IAI Oe?a?ie, aeieoi?aio

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?aaea ii aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee

Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e iaoiaeieia??

noaeiai ?icaeoeo oa aeieia?/ii? aaciaee

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “18”ethoiai 1999 ?. i 14 aiaeei?

ia can?aeaii? Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 41.177.01 a ?inoeooo?

i?iaeai ?eieo oa aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie,

ca aae?anith: 270044, i.Iaeana-44, O?aioeocueeee aoeueaa?, 29.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo

i?iaeai ?eieo oa aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie,

ca aae?anith: 270044, i.Iaeana-44, O?aioeocueeee aoeueaa?, 29.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “16”n?/iy 1999 ?.

A. i. a/aiiai nae?aoa?y

Niaoeiae?ciaaiii? a/aii? ?aaee Noaiaiia A. I.

6

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Ooiaeaiaioaeueiee oa?aeoa? aeieia?/ieo i?iaeai
nioe?aeueiiai oa aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo noniieuenoaa aecia/a?
iaiao?aei?noue iiaeaeueoiai oaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?eiiai oa
aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?ci?a i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy. I???ioaoe?y ia aeieia?/ii
aacia/iee ?icaeoie, a oiiaao ?eieiaeo ia?aoai?aiue aeiiii?ee, iiaeiia
noaoe iaeiei ?c iniiaiiieiaeieo oaeoi??a o ?icaoaeia? ?aa?iiaeueieo
iniia eiioeaioe?? aeiiii?/ii? noaa?e?caoe?? ? ?inoo a Oe?a?i?.

Aeinyaiaiiy aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy a I?e/i?iiii?nueeiio ?aa?ii? Oe?a?ie
iio?aao? aenieiai nooiaith i?aai?caoe?? ? aaaaeaiiy no/anii? nenoaie
iaiaaeaeiaioo ia an?o ??aiyo ???a?o?? oi?aae?iiy i?e?iaeiiii?/ieie
i?ioeanaie, aeeth/ath/e nenoaio aeieia?/iiai iaiaaeaeiaioo.

?ic?iaea aeiiii?/iiai oa i?aai?caoe?eiiai ?ino?oiaioa??th aeacaii?
nenoaie ca nai?th nooi?noth yaey? niaith eiie?aoi? caoiaee caaacia/aiiy
aeieia?/ii? aaciaee a ii?nuee?? aa?aaia?? cii? Oe?a?inueeiai
I?e/i?iiii?’y. Aeooaeuei?noue ?o ?ic?iaee iaoiiaeth?oueny
i??i?eoaoi?noth iaoe?iiaeueieo ?ioa?an?a, iaiao?aei?noth nai?/aniiai
i?eeiyooy caoiae?a, aaeaeaaoieo oa?aeoa?o ? ianooaaai caa?ic o noa??
ii?nueeiai i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy.

?aaeueia iio?aaa ?o oaeineiiaeaiiy a nenoai? oi?aae?iiy ii?nueeei
i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiyi aecia/aia, c iaeiiai aieo, — i?ioeanaie
no?oeoo?ii? ia?aaoaeiae aeiiii?ee, ui iaea?eueo aeoeaii cae?eniththoueny
a ii?aainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?, a c ?ioiai aieo, — i?ioeanaie
aeaa?aaeaoe?? ii?nueeeo aeinenoai, ia?oa nooiaiue yei? i?ieoea a
iaaecae/aeii ei?ioeee oa?i?i, — ca inoaii? 30 ?ie?a.

O no/anieo ?eieiaeo oiiaao iaea?aeaiiy i?eaooeo a ii?aainiiaea?nuee?e
ae?yeueiino? iiaeeeai i?e iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiiio aeei?enoaii? ono aeae?a
?ano?n?a, a oiio /ene? i?e?iaeieo, ?o caoenoo a?ae caa?oaeiaiiy ?
aeaa?aaeaoe??, aeiiii?/iiio ?eceeo ? aeio?eiaiiy oiia aeieia?/ii?
aaciaee.

Oea iiaeiii caioi/oaaoe i?aei?e?ioey canoiniaoaaoe an? aeaee
iiia?aaeiueiai aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/iiai aiae?co, ioe?iee oa eiio?ieth ia
noaae?? i?eeiyooy oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue.

*a?ac oea iacaeaaeiee aeieia?/iee aoaeeoi?nueeee eiio?ieue a oiiaao
?eieiaeo ia?aoai?aiue iiaeiai iaaooe ooieoe?? eaoae?caoi?a aeey
aeoea?caoe?? i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino? ia i?eioeeiao aeieia?/ii
aacia/iiai ?icaeoeo.

Eiiieaen i?aaenoaaeaieo ?ic?iaie iiaea aooe iniaeeai ei?eniei aeey
i?aei?e?iieoeueeeo no?oeoo?, i???ioiaaieo ia no?eea oa iaoe?ia
caaithaaiiy ?eieo.

Aca?iica’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, oaiaie, ieaiaie.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a iaaeao i?iaeoo I?iiaoee (eieeoiueiai AeEIO OOAe
Oe?a?ie ? 8.3/70-94-95 “ Aei?icaeoie “) oaia: “Iaoeia? ? iaoiaee/i?
iniiae ?ic?iaee iaoai?cio aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy
i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy a Oe?a?inueeiio I?e/i?iiii?’? aeey caaacia/aiiy
caaeainiaaiiai ?icaeoeo“, IAe? ?inoeoooo i?iaeai ?eieo oa
aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie AI-67 “?ic?iaea
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ieo ? i?eeeaaeieo iniia oi?aae?iiy noaeei
?icaeoeii ae?iaie/eo nee ? i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy a aa?aaia?e cii? *i?iiai
? Acianueeiai ii??a (a iaaeao Oe?a?ie)”, 1994-1997??., ?
aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0298U001160; IAe? ?inoeoooo i?iaeai ?eieo oa
aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie AI-72-96 “ ?ic?iaea
i?iaeoo Aea?aeaaii? I?ia?aie nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo
Oe?a?inueeiai I?e/i?iiii?’y”, ? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0195U009755.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
? oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a eiio?ieth a nenoai? oi?aae?iiy ii?nueeei
i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiyi a oiiaao ?eieiaeo ia?aoai?aiue, iai?aaeaieo ia
noeioethaaiiy aoaeoeaii? ii?nueei? aeieia?/ii? iie?oeee aeey ae??oaiiy
i?iaeai aeieia?/ii aacia/iiai aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo ii?nueei? aa?aaiai?
ciie Oe?a-?inueeiai I?e/i?iiii?’y. Aeey aeinyaiaiiy aeacaii? iaoe a
?iaio? iinoaaeai? ne?aeoth/? caaaeaiiy:

· ?icaeiooe oai?aoe/i? iniiae ? noi?ioaaoe iniiai? iieiaeaiiy
eiioeaioe?? aeieia?/ii aacia/iiai nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo a
ii?nuee?e aa?aaia?e cii?;

· ?ic?iaeoe iniiai? iai?yiee ?icaeoeo ii?nueei? aeieiae/ii? iie?oeee a
aa?aaia?e cii? Oe?a?inueeiai I?e/i?iiii?’y. Aecia/eoe oe?e?, caaaeaiiy,
i?eioeeie, i??i?eoaoe ? oiiae ?aae?caoe??;

· cae?enieoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ii oaeineiiaeaiith iaoiaee/ieo iniia
aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/iiai aiae?co aeieia?/ii aacia/iiai ii?nueeiai
i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy; oaeineiiaeeoe nenoaio ocaaaeueithth/eo iieaciee?a
aeieia?/ii aac-ia/iiai ?icaeoeo a ii?nuee?e aa?aaia?e cii?;

· ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaee/i? iniiae ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
inii-aieo oiiae?a ii?aioi?iiiiai i?ecia/aiiy;

· iaa?oiooaaoe iaiao?aei?noue oaeineiiaeaiiy no?oeoo?e eiio?ieth a
nenoai? oi?aae?iiy ii?nueeei i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiyi ? ?iciaaeoaaiiy eiai
ooi-eoe?e a oiiaao ?eieiaeo ia?aoai?aiue;

· ?ic?iaeoe caaaeueio iiaeaeue, aeai?eoi oi?aae?iiy ? iaoiaee/iee aia?ao
aeieia?/iiai aoaeeoo; aecia/eoe noa?o eiai ae?? a ii?nueeiio
i?e?iaeiei?enooaaii?.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/i? iaoiaee oa ?ino?oiaioe
a nenoai? oi?aae?iiy ii?nueeei i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiyi aeey caaacia/aiiy
noa-eiai nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo aa?aaiai? ciie Oe?a?inueeiai
I?e/i?iiii?’y c aeio?eiaiiyi i?eioeei?a aeieia?/ii? aaciaee.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aeiiii?/iee iaoai?ci oi?aae?iiy ii?nueeei
i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiyi a oiiaao ?eieiaeo ia?aoai?aiue.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith ? iaoiaee/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiue ? no/ania
oai??y ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee, oai??y aca?iiae?? noni?euenoaa ? i?e?iaee,
caaaeueia oai??y nenoai, oai??y oi?aae?iiy i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiyi ?
i?e?iaeiioi?iiiith ae?y-euei?noth, eiioeaiooaeuei? ?ic?iaee ii noaeiio
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiio ?ic-aeoeo ? caaacia/aiith aeieia?/ii? aaciaee.

A yeino? iaoiaee/ii? aace aeine?aeaeaiiy canoiniaoaaeenue nenoaiiee
aiae?c, iaoiaee aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/iiai aiae?co, noaoenoe/iee, iaoiae
aenia-?oieo ioe?iie, ?ic?aooieiai-aiae?oe/i? iaoiaee.

O ?iaio? aeei?enoiaoaaeenue Caeiie Oe?a?ie, Oeace I?aceaeaioa Oe?a-?ie,
Iinoaiiae Eaaeiaoo I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie, Iaoe?iiaeuei? aeiiia?ae?
I?i?noa?-noaa ioi?iie iaaeieeoiueiai i?e?iaeiiai na?aaeiaeua oa yaea?ii?
aaciaee Oe?a?ie, noaoenoe/i? iaoa??aee ii ioi?ii? iaaeieeoiueiai
i?e?iaeiiai na?aaeiaeua Iaeanueei?, Ieeiea?anueei?, Oa?niinueei?
iaeanoae ? Aaoiiiiii? ?anioae?ee E?ei, iaoeia? ?ic?iaee ?inoeoooo
i?iaeai ?eieo oa aeiiii?ei-aei-eia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie ii
oi?ioaaiith Aea?aeaaii? I?ia?aie nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo
Oe?a?inueeiai I?e/i?iiii?’y ia ia??iae aei 2010 ?ieo.

Aeei?enoiaoaaeenue iaoeia? ?ic?iaee ca?oa?aeieo ? a?o/eciyieo a/aieo c
eiea ieoaiue, ui ?icaeyaeaeenue, a oiio /ene? iaoeiaeo oe?e: Ee?anueeeo,
Euea?a-nueei?, Iaeanueei?, Noinueei? oa ?yaeo ?ioeo.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiue iieyaa? a ne?aeoth/iio:

· ?icoe?ai? ? iiaeeaeai? oai?aoe/i? iniiae aeieia?/ii aacia/iiai
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo oeyoii ?ice?eooy i?ioean?a aioo??oi?o
aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/ieo i?ioe??/ue ?icaeoeo ii?nueei? aa?aaiai? ciie;

· ?ic?iaeai? iniiai? iai?yiee ?icaeoeo ii?nueei? aeieia?/ii? iie?oeee a
aa?aaiaie cii? Oe?a?inueeiai I?e/i?iiii?’y;

· ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee/i? iniiae aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/iiai aiae?co ?
oaeineiiaeaia nenoaia aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/ieo iieaciee?a aeieia?/ii
aacia/iiai ?icaeoeo a ii?nuee?e aa?aaia?e cii?;

· ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee/i? iniiae ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
in-iiaieo oiiaeia ii?aioi?iiiiai i?ecia/aiiy;

· oaeineiiaeaia no?oeoo?a eiio?ieth a nenoai? oi?aae?iiy ii?nueeei
i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiyi ? i?iaaaeaii ?iciaaeoaaiiy eiai ooieoe?e a oiiaao
?eieiaeo ia?aoai?aiue ia iniia? aaaaeaiiy iiaiai aeaiaioa eiio?ieth —
aeieia?/iiai aoaeeoo a ii?nueeii i?e?iaeiei?enooaaii?;

· aia?oa ?ic?iaeaia caaaeueia iiaeaeue, aeai?eoi oi?aae?iiy, iaoiaee/iee
aia?ao oa noa?a ae?? aeieia?/iiai aoaeeoo a ii?nueeiio
i?e?iaeiei?enooaaii?.

Iniaenoee aeeaae caeiaoaa/a. Aaoi?ii oaeineiiaeaia no?oeoo?a
aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/iiai aiae?co, ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ii?aioi?iiii?
ae?yeueiino? oa eiio?ieth a nenoai? oi?aae?iiy ii?nueeei
i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiyi a aa?aaia?e cii? Oe?a?inueeiai I?e/i?iiii?’y.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a ?icaeoeo
?aa?iiaeueieo iniia oai??? oa i?aeoeee oi?aae?iiy ii?nueeei
i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiyi ? ii?aioi?iiiith ae?yeuei?noth, a oaeineiiaeaii?
iaoiae?a aeiiii?/iiai oa i?aai?caoe?eiiai ?ino?oiaioa??th caaacia/aiiy
aeieia?/ii aacia/iiai ?icaeoeo a aa?aaia?e cii? Oe?a?inueeiai
I?e/i?iiii?’y a oiiaao ?eieiaeo ia?aoai?aiue; aeyaey?oueny a nenoai?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii i?aai?caoe?? iacaeaaeieo neoaea (o??i) aeieia?/iiai
aoaeeoo, a ?o iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iiio caaacia/aii? ? aecia/aii? noa?e ae??
aeieia?/iiai aoaeeoo a ii?nueeiio i?e?iaeiei?enooaaii?.

Aeacai? iaoiaee/i? ?ic?iaee aeei?enoai? a i?ioean?
aeiiii?ei-aeiei-a?/ieo ioe?iie eiiieaeno ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?iaeo?a
?aeiino?oeoe?? ? ?icoe?aiiy i/enieo nii?oae i?eii?nueeeo i?no ?
aa?aaiaeo ia’?eo?a ii?nueeiai o?ainii?oo, a oaeiae i?iaeoieo ?ic?iaie
Aea?aeaaii? I?ia?aie nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo Oe?a?inueeiai
I?e/i?iiii?’y.

?acoeueoaoe i?aaenoaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoai? i?e ?ic?iaoe?
eaeoe?eiiai eo?no “I?e?iaeiioi?iiia ?aaoethaaiiy a ?eieiaeo a?aeiineiao“
a Iaeanueeiio aae?iiaoai?ieia/iiio inoeooo.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe: iniiai? oai?aoe/i? ? i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?-aeaeaiue aeiiia?aeaeenue ? iaea?aeaee iiceoeaio ioe?ieo ia
Iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? c i?iaeai iioeiicaoe?? i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy a
oiiaao ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei (Iaeue/ee, 1991); II I?aeia?iaeiiio eiia?an?
oe?a?inueeeo aeiiii?no?a (Iaeana, 1994 ); Iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Aeieia?/i? i?iaeaie Iaeanueeiai ?aa?iio ? ?o ??oaiiy“;
I?aeia?iaeiiio nai?ia? c aeieia?/ieo i?iaeai ?aa?iio O?e?aoeueneee eeiai
(Iaeana, 1994); I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy
?ae?aaoe?eieo ?ano?n?a I?e/i?iiii?nueeiai ?aa?iio Oe?a?ie (Iaeana,
1995); I?aeia?iaeiiio iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iiio nai?ia?? c
aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/ieo i?iaeai i?eii?nueeeo ?aa?ii?a (nio.
Na?a??aea,1996); VII oe?a-?inueei-iieuenueeiio iaoeiaiio nai?ia??
(Iaeana, 1997); I?aeia?iaeiiio oi?oi? c ieoaiue no?aoaa?/iiai ieaio ae?e
“*i?ia ii?a“ (Iaeana, 1997).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii
26 ?ia?o, a oiio /ene?: 7 a?ioo?, 8 noaoae, ?icae?e a aeaio iiiia?ao?yo,
9 iaoa?iae?a ? oacen?a iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e.

Caaaeueiee ianya iioae?eiaaieo ?ia?o — 35,6 ae?oe.a?e., c yeeo iniaenoi
aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue 16,6 ae?oe.a?e.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a ? aeniiae?a. Iniiaiee ci?no aeene?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii ia 160
noi?., 12 oaaeeoeue ia 14 noi?., 8 iaethie?a ia 7,5 noi?., 44 oi?ioee ,
nienie aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e i?noeoue 154 iaeiaioaaiiy ia 16 noi?.

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue i?iaaaeaieo iaoeiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue, aecia/aia iaoa, iieacaia iaoeiaa iiaecia ? i?aeoe/ia
cia/ei?noue iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

o ia?oiio ?icae?eo ?iaioe “?ic?iaea iniiaieo iieiaeaiue eiioeaioe??
aei-eia?/ii aacia/iiai nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo aa?aaiai? ciie
Oe?a?i-nueeiai I?e/i?iiii?’y” iaea?aeaee ?icaeoie oai?aoe/i? iniiae
oi?ioaaiiy aeacaii? eiioeaioe??, aeaia aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/ia ioe?iea
oaeoi??a, ui aecia/athoue caaino?aiiy aeieia?/ii? neooaoe?? a ii?nuee?e
aa?aaia?e cii?, noaio ? ia?niaeoea ?icaeoeo ii?nueeiai o?ainii?oo ? eiai
ii?aioi?iiieo no?oeoo?, a oaeiae ii?aioi?iii?e ae?yeueiino? i?eii?nueeeo
i?no.

?ic?iaeai? iniiai? iai?yiee ?icaeoeo ii?nueei? aeieia?/ii? iie?oeee a
Oe?a?iueneiio I?e/i?iiii?’?.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiaee/ieo iniia
aeiiii?ei-aeiei-a?/iiai aiae?co ii?nueeiai i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy“
aeyaeai? iaoiaeieia?/i? in-iiae ?ioaa?aoe?? aeiiii?/ieo oa aeieia?/ieo
iieaciee?a i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy, ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea
aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/iiai aiae?co ii?nueeiai i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy,
oaeineiiaeaia nenoaia ocaaaeueithth/eo iieaciee?a aeiiii?/ii aacia/iiai
?icaeoeo a ii?nuee?e aa?aaia?e cii?, ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee/i? iniiae
ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy iniiaieo oiiae?a ii?aioi?iiiiai
i?ecia/aiiy.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “I?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? eiio?ieth aeieia?/ii
aacia/iiai ?icaeoeo Oe?a?iueneiai I?e/i?iiii?’y” iaa?oioiaaia
iaiao?aei?noue oaeineiiaeaiiy no?oeoo?e aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/iiai eiio?ieth
a oiiaao ?eieiaeo ia?aoai?aiue, ?ic?iaeai? i?aai?caoe?ei? ? iaoiaee/i?
iniiae aeieia?/iiai aoaeeoo a ii?nueeiio i?e?iaeiei?enooaaii?.
Iaaiaeyoueny iaoa??aee ii i?aeoe/iiio aeei?enoaiith ??cieo oi?i
eiio?ieth a ioe?ioe? ii?aioi?iiieo caoiae?a.

Iai?ee?ioe? noi?ioeueiaai? iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue,
ocaaaeueiai? aeniiaee ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??

?ic?iaeai? oai?aoe/i? iniiae oi?ioaaiiy eiioeaioe?? aeieia?/ii
aacia/iiai ?icaeoeo ii?nueei? aa?aaiai? ciie Oe?a?inueeiai
I?e/i?iiii?’y.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui a inoaii?e /an noni?eueiee i?ia?an aeinyaa?oueny ca
?aooiie aeaa?aaeaoe?? i?e?iaeiiai na?aaeiaeua, ? oea ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
iaooeeueii i?inoaa?oueny a noi?iio ?aa?aneaieo ci?i.

Aecia/aii, ui i?i?i?caoe?y ?aa?aneaieo ci?i ii?nueeeo ?ano?n?a oa
aeinenoai i?e iaenei?caoe?? io?eiaieo a?ae i?e?iaee aeaa, ? neeaaea?
nooi?noue, aei-eia?/ii aacia/iiai ?icaeoeo ii?nueei? aa?aaiai? ciie.

O ca’yceo ?c aeeeaaeaiei, aoee aecia/ai? i??i?eoaoii iaoeia? iai?yiee,
ae??oaiiy yeeo o aeaiiio aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii? iaa?oioiaaii ye
iaoiaeieia?/i?, iaoiaee/i? oa i?aai?caoe?ei? iniiae oaeineiiaeaiiy
nenoaie eiio?ieth aeey caaacia/aiiy aeieia?/ii aacia/iiai
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo ii?nueei? aa?aaiai? ciie Oe?a?inueeiai
I?e/i?iiii?’y.

Aeoiaey/e ?c iaoiaeieia?? nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo, nooi?noue
aeiiii?ei-aeiei-a?/ieo i?ioe??/ue ?icaeoeo ii?nueei? aa?aaiai? ciie
?ice?eoa ca aeiiiiiaith i’yoe niaoe?aeueieo aeueoa?iaoea, a yeeo
iaea?eueo /?oei o?enothoueny oaiaeaioe?? oa iniaeeaino?
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo: 1) i?aeei?aiiy — aa?iii?caoe?y; 2)
ianei?ci — iioei?ci; 3) noaoe/i?noue — aeeiai?ci; 4) iane?i/aiia —
e?ia/ia; 5) “ethaeeia aeiiii?/ia — ethaeeia oe?e?nia“.

Noi?ioeueiaai? iaoiaeieia?/i? i?eioeeie oa onoaiiaee aoee i?iaeoeoeaii
aeei?enoai? ye oe?ii?ni? i???ioe?e i?e oi?ioaaii? eiioeaioe?? aeieia?/ii
aacia/iiai ?icaeoeo ae?iaie/eo nee ? iieeaaeai? a iniiao ?ic?iaee
iaoiae?a ? iaoiaee/ieo i?aeoiae?a aeey aiae?co, inieneaiiy, eiio?ieth ?
?ica’ycaiy aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/ieo i?ioe??/ue eieaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o.

?acoeueoaoe oeeo aeine?aeaeaiue aeicaieeee iaa?oiooaaoe iaiao?aei?noue
?ic-?iaee eiioeaiooaeueieo iniia aeieia?/ii aacia/iiai ?icaeoeo
ii?nueei? aa?aaiai? ciie Oe?a?inueeiai I?e/i?iiii?’y.

I?aeoe/ia ai?iaaoe?y oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue iieyaa? o aeei?enoaii?
aeieia?/ieo i???ioe??a a nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiio ?icaeoeo ?aa?iio.

Noi?iiaai? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy eiioeaioe?? aeieia?/ii aacia/iiai
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo ii?nueei? aa?aaiai? ciie Oe?a?inueeiai
I?e/i?iiii?’y.

Aeyaeai?, c iiceoe?e aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/ii? ioe?iee, iniiai? oaeoi?e,
ye? aecia/athoue caaino?aiiy aeieia?/ii? neooaoe?? a ii?nuee?e aa?aaia?e
cii?. Oea i?eii?nuee? i?noa ? ia’?eoe ii?nueeiai o?ainii?oo.
Iaa?oioiaaia iaiao?aei?noue oi?ioaaiiy iniiaieo iai?yie?a ii?nueei?
aeieia?/ii? iie?oeee Oe?a?ie ye iniiae eiioeaioe?? aeieia?/ii aacia/iiai
?icaeoeo aa?aaiai? ciie Oe?a?inueeiai I?e/i?iiii?’y.

Aecia/ai? no/ani? oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo ii?aainiiaei?nueeiai eiiieaeno
Oe?a?ie, aeaia aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/ia ioe?iea noaio ? ia?niaeoea ?icaeoeo
ii-?nueeiai o?ainii?oo a oiiaao ?eieiaeo ia?aoai?aiue ? eiai
ii?aioi?iiieo no?oeoo?. Cae?eniaiee oaoi?ei-aeiiiie/iee aiae?c
ae?yeueiino? ii?nueeiai oeioo, ii?nueeeo oi?aiaeo ii?o?a,
noaeii?aiiioieo ? noaeiiaoaeiaieo caaiae?a oa ?io?ano?oeoo?e ii?nueeiai
o?ainii?oo; aeaia ioe?iea ci?ie no?oeoo?e, oa?aeoa?o ? ianya?a
aaioaaeiiioie?a, a?aecia/aii ca?eueoaiiy /anoee o?aiceoieo aaioaae?a.
Aeaia aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/ia ioe?iea ia?niaeoea ?icaeoeo oeioo ? eiai
aa?aaiaeo ia’?eo?a, ca?aeii yei? i?iaiico?oueny iiaoaeoaaoe 45 ii?oiaeo
ia?aaaioaaeieo eiiieaen?a, a oaeiae ia?niaeoea noai?aiiy o?ainii?oieo
eiioi?-eaoe?e ?a?iia-Oe?a?ia-Ac?y c ooai?aiiyi nenoaie iiaeo ia?iiieo
oeyo?a ia *i?iiio ii?? ? oaeaee?nieo cae?cie/ieo iaa?no?aeae i?ae
e?a?iaie Cao?aeii? ? No?aeii? ?a?iie, iiaeo iaoe?iiaeueieo o?ainii?oieo
eiioi?eaoe?e.

Cae?eniaia aeiiii?/ia oa aeieia?/ia ioe?iea no/aniiai noaio aaeeeeo
ii?nueeeo oi?aiaeo ii?o?a Oe?a?inueeiai I?e/i?iiii?’y a oiiaao ?eieiaeo
?aoi?i.

A oe?eiio aecia/aii, ui i?ia?aia iaeaooiueiai ?icaeoeo oeioo ?
aa?aaiaeo ia’?eo?a ii?nueeiai o?ainii?oo iio?aao? ?ic?iaee
caaeainiaaii?, c iiceoe?e aeieia?/ii? aaciaee, ii?aioi?iiii?
ae?yeueiino?.

I?iaaaeaia aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/ia ioe?iea ii?aioi?iiii? ae?yeueiino?
i?eii?nueeeo i?no.

Cae?eniaii ?aiaeoaaiiy ?o i/enieo nii?oae ca aaee/eiith aeiiii?/iiai
caeoeo, eieae?ciaaiiiai a aa?aaia?e cii? *i?iiai ii?y.

?ic?iaeai? iniiai? iai?yiee ?icaeoeo ii?nueei? aeieia?/ii? iie?oeee a
aa?aaia?e cii? Oe?a?inueeiai I?e/i?iiii?’y. Noi?ioeueiaai? ?? oe?e?,
caaaeaiiy ? i?eioeeie. Aiie aecia/aeenue iniiaaie aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee
iaoe?iiaeueii? aa-ciaee Oe?a?ie ? yaeythoue niaith eiie?aoi? caoiaee ?
oeyoe caaacia/aiiy aeieia?/ii? aaciaee o ii?nuee?e aa?aaia?e cii?, ? ?
iaoiiaeai? i??i?eoaoi?noth iaoe?iiaeueieo ?ioa?an?a oa iaiao?aei?noth
nai?/aniiai i?eeiyooy caoiae?a, aaea-eaaoieo oa?aeoa?o ? ianooaaai
caa?ic o noa?? ii?nueei? aeieia??.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui iaea?eueo aaaeeeaei i??i?eoaoii ii?nueei? aeieia?-/ii?
iie?oeee ? icaei?iaeaiiy ii?nueeeo ?ano?n?a oa ii?nueeeo aeinenoai ? ?o
aoaeoeaiee caoeno a?ae aio?iiiaaiieo iaaaioaaeaiue aeey oni?oiiai
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo a oiiaao ?eieiaeo ia?aoai?aiue ?
noai?aiiy eiieo?aioicaeaoieo aaeocae ii?nueeiai ainiiaea?noaa.

?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/iiai aiae?co ii?nueeiai
i?e?iaei-ei?enooaaiiy. Ca?aeii ?c no/anieie oyaeaiiyie i?i
eeaneo?eaoe?th oe?iiinoae noiniaii i?iaeai ?aoe?iiae?caoe??
i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy a oiiaao ?eieiaeo ia?aoai?aiue, cai?iiiiiaaia
nenoaiaoecaoe?y iieaciee?a, ui a?aeia?aaeathoue ?eieia? ? ia?eieia?
oe?iiino? a noa?? ii?nueeiai i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy.

Oaeineiiaeaia nenoaia, ocaaaeueithth/eo iieaciee?a aeieia?/ii
aacia/iiai ?icaeoeo a ii?nuee?e aa?aaia?e cii?. Aiia i?ecia/aia aeey
cae?eniaiiy oaoi?ei-oaoiieia?/ieo oa aeiiii?/ieo ioe?iie ??aiy
iaae?eiino? oa aeieia?/ii? aaciaee ae?th/eo ii?aioi?iiieo nii?oae aai
a?aeiia?aeieo ia’?eo?a, ui i?iaeoothoueny.

Aei nenoaie ocaaaeueithth/eo aeeth/ai? iieacieee, ui a?aeia?aaeathoue
i?e?iaeii?noe?noue ae?iaieoeoaa ? eiai ?ano?nii?noe?noue (ii anueiio
eiiieaeno ?ano?n?a, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny), a oaeiae nenoaia iieaciee?a,
ui a?aeia?aaeathoue nooiaiue aieeao ia’?eoo ia i?e?iaei? na?aaeiaeua.
Oe? iieacieee iiaeooue aooe ae?aaeai? o a?aeiia?aeieo iaeeieoeyo aei??o
o ?ic?aooieo ia e?euee?noue i?iaeoeoe??, ui aeionea?oueny, aai
ae?iaie/eo ?ia?o, iineoa (aeieiaii?noe?noue, caeoeii?noe?noue oa ?io?).

Ioe?ieo aoaeoeaiino? ?iaanoeoe?e o i?iaeoe ii?aioi?iiiiai i?ecia/aiiy
?aeiiaiaeo?oueny aecia/aoe ia iniia? aeei?enoaiiy oaeeo iieaciee?a.

Caaaeueiee aeiiii?/iee ?acoeueoao (It) a?ae ?aae?caoe??
ii?aioi?iiiiai i?iaeoo:

It = Un + D (1)

aea: Un — aaee/eia caiia?aath/iai aeiiii?/iiai caeeoeo a?ae caa?oae-
iaiiy ii?nueeiai na?aaeiaeua, a?i/??e;

D — aeiaeaoeiaee aeiiii?/iee ?acoeueoao a?ae ?aae?caoe?? ii-
?aioi?iiiiai i?iaeoo, a?i/??e.

?aioaaaeuei?noue ii?aioi?iiiiai i?iaeoo (Pn) — ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny
aecia/eoe ca ne?aeoth/ith oi?ioeith:

wmetafile8? ??V???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
``???&??yyyy?????AyAy   ???&? ?MathType???????u—y ????

aea: It — caaaeueiee aeiiii?/iee ?acoeueoao a?ae ?aae?caoe?? ii?aioi-
?iiiiai i?iaeoo ca ??e t, a?i/??e;

At — aii?oecaoe?y ia ?aiiaaoe?th ca ??e t, a?i/??e;

Ht — iiaeaoie ia i?eaooie a?ae D (aeiaeaoeiaee aeiiii?/iee ?a-
coeueoao), a?i/??e;

tp — ?ic?aooieiaee ??e ;

K — eai?oaeuei? aeeaaeaiiy, a?i;

i — eiao?oe??io, ui a?aoiao? ii?io aeeneiioa (aaee/eia ?aaeue-
iiai ??/iiai aaie?anueeiai i?ioeaioo).

Aeey aeeth/aiiy i?iaeoo aei ?iaanoeoe?eiiai ieaio iaiao?aeii, uia
?iaeaen ?aioaaaeueiino? ia?aaeuoaaa 1,0.

Ioe?iea an??? noeoiiino? iieaciee?a ca ie?aiei i?iaeoii aeicaiey?
aecia/eoe ?aia eiaeiiai c ieo o caaaeuei?e noeoiiino? i?iaeo?a, ui
ia’?aeiai? a caaaeueiee ?iaanoeoe?eiee ieai.Oaea ?aiaeoaaiiy aeicaieeoue
aenia?oo aecia/eoe i??i?eoaoe a ?iaanoeoe?eiiio i?ioean?.

?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee/i? iniiae ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
inii-aieo oiiae?a i/enieo nii?oae ii?aioi?iiiiai i?ecia/aiiy.

Cai?iiiiiaaia nenoaia iieaciee?a aeey ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? iniiaieo
oiiae?a i/enieo nii?oae ii?aioi?iiiiai i?ecia/aiiy; oiiaeia?aeaea/a,
oiiaeii?noe?noue, oiiaeicaaacia/aii?noue ioi?iie ii?nueeiai na?aaeiaeua,
??aaiue ?ioaineaiino? aeei?enoaiiy iaeaaeiaiiy, eiai o?ce/ia oa
ii?aeueia ciioaiiy.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui ?o e?euee?nia ioe?iea aeicaiey? i?eeiaoe aeiiii?/ii
iaa?oioiaai? ??oaiiy c o?aooaaiiyi aeieia?/iiai oaeoi?o o
i?eaaoecaoe?eieo i?ioeanao, o i?ioeaaeo?ao aoaeeoi?nueei? ia?aa??ee
o??ie (i?aei?e?inoaa) ? ?i-c?iaoe? aoaeeoi?nueeeo ?aeiiaiaeaoeee, a
oaeiae o ia?aae?iaanoeoe?eiee ia?eiae ia noaae?? ioe?iee aeieo
ii?aioi?iiieo i?iaeo?a o i?ia?aiao nioe?aeueii-aeiii-i?/iiai ?icaeoeo
?aaeiio.

Aeeiiaia ioe?iea ( ia aac? an??? noeoiiino? iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoeee)
?yaeo ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?aeo?a ii ?aeiino?oeoe?? ? ?icoe?aiith i/enieo
nii?oae aa?aaiaeo ia’?eo?a ii?nueeiai o?ainii?oo ? i?eii?nueeeo i?no o
i?ioeaaeo?ao aeieia?/iiai aoaeeoo (oaae.1 ).

Oaaeeoey 1

Ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?iaeo?a

ii?aioi?iiieo nii?oae i?eii?nueeeo i?no

( a i?ioeaaeo?ao aeieia?/iiai aoaeeoo )

Iaeiaioaaiiy i?eii?nueeiai i?noa ? i?iaeooCaaaeueiee aeiiii?/iee
?acoeueoao, iei. a?i/??e?iaeaen ?aioaaaeueiino? ?Aeieia?/iee oa
nioe?aeueiee ?acoeueoao, ui aeinyaaaouenyi. Iaeana,NAI
“i?ai?/ia59,81,17I?eieiaiiy caa?oaeiaiiy ii?nueeeo aeaaoi??e;
?aeiino?oeoe?y ii?nueeeoi. Ieeiea?a, EIN38,51,1aeinenoai; iie?auaiiy
oiia ?ae?ai. Naaanoiiieue, EIN32,31,06aoe??, iaea?aeaiiy oaoi?/ii?
aiaee;i. Iaeana,NAI “I?aaeaiiy”13,91,21cieaeaiiy caoai?thaaiinoi
ianaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaiee iiaee ?ino?oiaio eiio?ieth aeieia?/ii aacia/iiai
nioe?aeue-ii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo a ii?nuee?? aa?aaia?e cii? —
aeieia?/iee aoaeeo o ii?nue-eiio i?e?iaeiei?enooaaii?.

Iaa?oioiaaia iaiao?aei?noue oaeineiiaeaiiy no?oeoo?e eiio?ieth oa
?ic-iaaeoaaiiy eiai ooieoe?e a oiiaao ?eieiaeo ia?aoai?aiue. Oea
aeicaieeoue aac aeiaeaoeiaeo athaeaeaoieo aeo?ao iie?ioeoe oi?aae?iiy
ii?nueeei i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiyi ? i?aeaeueoe eiai aoaeoeai?noue.

Ia iniia? nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo a?aei?aoeueiaai? i?aai?caoe?ei? iniiae ?
ieoaiiy oi?aae?iiy aoaeeoi?nueeith ae?yeuei?noth.

?ic?iaeaia caaaeueia iiaeaeue aeieia?/iiai aoaeeoo a ii?nueeiio
i?e?iaeiei?enooaaii? (iae. 1).

Aeey cae?eniaiiy aoaeoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy aeieia?/iith aoaeeoi?nueeith
ae?yeuei?noth cai?iiiiiaaiee aeai?eoi oi?aae?iiy.

Aecia/aia noa?a ae?? aeieia?/iiai aoaeeoo c o?aooaaiiyi niaoeeo?/ieo
iniaeeainoae ?ici?uaiiy ainiiaea?nueeeo ia’?eo?a o ii?nuee?e aa?aaia?e
cii? ? ?iciianthaeaeaiiy iiethoaio?a o ii?nueeiio na?aaeiaeu?,
a?aeiia?aeii, 5 ei ocaa?aaeaey ? 12 ieeue ii?nueei? aeaaoi??? ii
ia?eiao?o (iae. 2).

10

wmetafile8? ??•??$?2

11

wmetafile8? ??16

Aeyaeaii, ui aeieia?/iee aoaeeo ? aoaeoeaiei caniaii eiio?ieth i?e eiai
iniauaii? ?ic?iaeaiei a aeena?oaoe?? iaoiaee/iei aia?aoii. A?i aeicaiey?
aoaeeoi?o aeyaeoe noai aeieia?/ii? aaciaee ia’?eoo ? eiai
aeiiaiaaeaeiaioo, aecia/eoe aeieia?/ii iaaeaaiiieo/i? oi/ee ia’?eoo ?
cai?iiiioaaoe ea??-aieoeoao o??i (i?aei?e?inoaa) caoiaee ii ?o onoiaiith
i?e caa?aaeaii? (aai i?aeaeuaii?) eiieo?aioiicaeaoiino? oa i?eaooeiaino?
i?aei?e?inoaa.

Cae?eniaia ai?iaaoe?y ? i?aeoe/ia aeei?enoaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo oi?i
aeieia?/iiai eiio?ieth ? ioe?iea ii?aioi?iiieo caoiae?a.

Aaoi?, ia aac? iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ca aeieia?/iith aenia?oecith
ae?eyiie aa?y/iai iaoaeiiie?eooy, aaeueaai?/ieo oeao?a, nenoai
eieaeueii?

i/enoee no?/ieo aiae, i?eeiaa o/anoue o caeieniaii? aenia?oece i?iaeo?a
?aeiino?oeoe?? i/enieo nii?oae Naaanoiiieuenueeiai ii?nueeiai caaiaeo,
?ee?/?anueeiai noaeii?aiiioiiai caaiaeo, i/enieo nii?oae i. ?cia?ea ?
aa?aaiaeo ia’?eoea ii?nueeiai o?ainii?oo — ii?nueeeo oi?aiaeo ii?o?a
Iaeana, ?cia?e, ?ai?, THaeiee, ?ee?/?anuee.

Cae?eniaia ai?iaaoe?y iaoiae?a ? cania?a aeieia?/iiai aoaeeoo i?e
?ic?i-aoe? i?aei?ia?aie “?ano?nii-aeieia?/ia caaacia/aiiy I?ia?aie
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo Oe?a?inueeiai I?e/i?iiii?’y ia ia??iae
aei 2010 ?ieo”.

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aoaeeoi?nueei? ae?yeueiino? aoee nei?aeoiaai?
iieacieee eai?oaeii?noe?noi ia’?eo?a ? cai?iiiiiaaia iiaa no?oeoo?a
aeaea?ae o?iainoaaiiy, i???iooaaiiy ia “?icaaioaaeaiiy” aea?aeaaiiai
athaeaeaoo.

A?aei?aoeueiaaiee i?aeo?ae aecia/aiee ye oaeoi?, ui noeioeth? ?aa?iie
ia iiooe aeaea?ae o?iainoaaiiy ? iaa?oiooaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii?
i?eaaaeeaino? aeaieo ia’?eo?a c o?aooaaiiyi aeieia?/ieo aeiia.

Aecia/aii, ui iaea?eueo i??i?eoaoiei aeey cae?eniaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e ca
iieacieeaie aeieia?/ii? iaa?oioiaaiiino? ? aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?, ?
ii?aioi?iii? i?iaeoe, ?ic?iaeai? a i?eii?nueeeo i?noao Iaeana, Ieeiea?a,
Naaanoiiieue oa Ia??oiieue.

Aaoi?ii ?aeiiaiaeiaaii iaeii/anii ?c i?iaeiaaeaiiyi iaoeiaeo ?ic-?iaie
?iaanoeoe?eieo i?iaeo?a, cae?enieoe ?ic?iaeo cania?a ? iaoiae?a
iaea-?aeaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eieo ?ano?n?a ? caeo/aiiy ?iaanoi??a (a?o/eciyieo
? ca?o-a?aeieo) ia oiiaao aeiaaino?ieiaiai i?eueaiaiai o?iainoaaiiy c
aieo ?iaa-noi??a ? e?aa?ae?caoe?? iie?oeee iiiaeaoeoaaiiy oa iaaeaiiy
aa?aio?e c aieo aea?aeaae.

INIIAI? AENIIAEE OA ?AEIIAIAeAOe??

?acoeueoaoe aeeiiaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeicaieeee c?iaeoe oae? aeniiaee
oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe??.

Ii?nueea aa?aaiaa ciia Oe?a?inueeiai I?e/i?iiii?’y, iniaeeai a ?aeiiao
aaeeeeo i?eii?nueeeo i?no ? ii?nueeeo oi?aiaeo ii?o?a, a?aeiineoueny aei
?aeii?a i?aeaeuaiiai aeieia?/iiai ?eceeo. A inoaii?e /an noni?eueiee
i?ia?an aeinyaa?oueny ooo ca ?aooiie ?aa?aneaieo ci?i ii?nueeeo ?ano?n?a
oa aeinenoai.

Oiio a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? aeine?aeaeai? oa ?aeiiaiaeiaai? aeaiaioe
iaoai?cio aeieia?/iiai iaiaaeaeiaioo ia i?e?iaeiiii?/iiio ??ai? — aeey
ain-iiaea?nueeeo ia’?eoea ii?nueei? aa?aaiai? ciie.

?icoe?ai? oa iiaeeaeai? oai?aoe/i? iniiae aeieia?/ii aacia/iiai
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo. Nooi?noue ?o iieyaa? o ?ice?eoo?
i?ioean?a aio-o??oi?o aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/ieo i?ioe??/ue ?icaeoeo
ii?nueei? aa?aaiai? ciie.

Noi?ioeueiaai? iaoiaeieia?/i? i?eioeeie oa ianoaiiae, caeeaaeai? a
iniiao ?ic?iaee iaoiae?a aiaeico, eiio?ieth oa ?icoe?aiiy
aeiiii?ei-aei-eia?/ieo i?ioe??/ue eieaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o.

I??i?eoaoi?noue ?ioa?an?a iaoe?iiaeueii? aaciaee iaoiiaeea
iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaee aaoi?ii iniiaieo iai?yie?a ?icaeoeo ii?nueei?
aeieia?/ii? iie?oeee a iaaeao iniiaieo iieiaeaiue eiioeaioe?? aeieia?/ii
aacia/iiai nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo ii?nueei? aa?aaiai? ciie
Oe?aeinueeiai i?e/i?iiii?’y.

Aeeiiai? a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee
iaa?oiooaaoe iaiao?aei?noue oaeineiiaeaiiy oi?i oa iaoiae?a eiio?ieth
aeieia?/ii aacia/iiai ?icaeoeo oa ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe ci?oaio
aea?aeaaii-?eieiao nenoaio aeieia?/iiai eiio?ieth ia aac? aaaaeaiiy
iiaiai iaoiaeo — aeieia?/iiai aoaeeoo ii?aainiiaea?nueei? oa
ii?aioi?iiii? ae?yeueiino?, i???ioiaaiiai ia ?icaeoie aeieia?/ii
aacia/iiai i?aei?e?iieoeoaa.

A iaaeao i?eeeaaeieo caaaeaiue ?ic?iaeai? oa ?aeiiaiaeiaai? aeey
i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy: iaoiaeeea aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/iiai aiae?co
ii?nueeiai i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy, iaoiaeeea ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy iniia-ieo oiiae?a i/enieo nii?oae ii?aioi?iiiiai
i?ecia/aiiy, ye iaiao?aeiee iaoiaee/iee aia?ao o i?ioeaaeo?ao
aeieia?/iiai aoaeeoo oa aeieia?/ii? aenia?oece.

?ic?iaeai? iniiae oi?aae?iiy aoaeeoi?nueeith o??iith (neoaeaith) ?
aecia/aia noa?a ae?e aeieia?/iiai aoaeeoo ?c a?aooaaiiyi niaoeeo?/ieo
iniaeeainoae ii?nueeiai i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy.

Aaoi?ii cae?eniaia ai?iaaoe?y ? i?aeoe/ia aeea?enoaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo
oi?i aeieia?/iiai eiio?ieth ia aac? eiiieaeno ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?iaeo?a
ii?aioi?iiiiai i?ecia/aiiy.

Cai?iiiiiaaia iiaa no?oeoo?a aeaea?ae o?iainoaaiiy, i???ioiaaia ia
“?icaaioaaeaiiy” aeo?aoii? /anoeie aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo.

IOAE?EAOe?? CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Ooia?iaa I.E., Eiaaeaaa I.A. Yeieiae/aneee aoaeeo a ii?neii
i?e?iaeiiieueciaaiee.- Iaeanna: EI?YYE IAIO, 1998.-159 c. Iniaenoee
aianie aaoi?a: ?ic?iaea aeiiii?/iiai ? i?aai?caoe?eiiai ?ino?oiaioa??th
caaacia/aiiy aeieia?/ii? aaciaee a ii?nueeiio i?e?iaeiei?enooaaii? (3,6
oi. ae?oe. a?e.).

2. I?aaei?ia?aiiiue aeieoiaio e iaae?anioaeeeaineie iao/ii-oaoie-/aneie
i?ia?aiia ?aoeeiiaeueiiai eniieueciaaiey e io?aiu i?e?iaeiuo
?ano?nia aannaeia ?aee Aeiano?./ Ao?eeineee A.A., Eiaaeaaa I.A.,
Noaiaiia A.I., Ooia?iaa I.E. e ae?. — Iaeanna: THaeiue iao/iue oeaio?
AI ONN?, Einoeooo yeiiiieee AI ONN? Iaeanneia ioaeaeaiea, 1990.- 324
c. Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: Aeiiiii/ia ioeiiea aiaeiioi?iiieo aeie a a.
?. Aeiano? (1,0 oi. ae?oe. a?e.).

3. Iaoiaee/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii ii?aaeaeaieth ieaoaaeae ca
caa?yciaiea ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu a i?eii?neeo ?aaeiiao (ia?aay
?aaeaeoeey)./ Eiaaeaaa I.A., Oa?e/eia N.E., Ao?eeineee A.A., Ooia?iaa
I.E. e ae?.- Iaeanna: Iaeanneia ioae. einoeoooa yeiiiieee AI Oe?aeiu. —
1990.- 87 c. Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: ?ac?iaea iaoiaee/ieo iniia ieaoe
ca caa?oaeiaiiy aiaeieo ?ano?n?a (0,7 oi. ae?oe. a?e.).

4.Iaoiaee/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii yeiiiieei-yeieiae/aneie yenia?oeca
i?ioeannia ai?y/aai iaoaeeiiie?uoey a noaeino?ieoaeueiie
i?iiuoeaiiinoe./ Eiaaeaaa I.A., Ia?oeaiei A.E., Naae/aiei A.A.,
Ooia?iaa I.E. e ae?. — Iaeanna: Ei-o yeiiiieee AI Oe?aeiu.- 1990.-
48 c. Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: Iaoiaee/i? iniiae ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy iniiaieo oiiae?a i/enieo nii?oae (0,5 oi. ae?oe. a?e.).

5. Iaeanneay naiaiaeiay yeiiiie/aneay ciia e yeieiae/aneay
aaciianiinoue. / Noaiaiia A.E., Eiaaeaaa I.A., Ooia?iaa I.E.,
?annaaeieeiaa N.E. — Iaeanna: Ei-o i?iaeai ?uiea e
yeiiiieei-yeieiae/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee AI Oe?aeiu.- 1993.-35 c. Iniaenoee
aianie aaoi?a: Aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/ia ioe?iea aieeao NAC ia aeieia?/io
aaciaeo (0,5 oi. ae?oe. a?e.).

6. Iniiaiua iieiaeaiey eiioeaioeee yeiiiieei-yeieiae/aneiai
ii?ie?iaaiey eae eino?oiaio eiio?iey, ?aaoee?iaaiey e oi?aaeaiey a
ii?aoicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe./ Eiaaeaaa I.A., A?iiiaa A.E., Eiaaeaa
A.A., Ooia?iaa I.E. e ae?. — Iaeanna: Ei-o i?iaeai ?uiea e
yeiiiieei-yeieiae/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee IAI Oe?aeiu.- 1994.- 64 c.
Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: Iaoiaee/i? iniiae ii?ioaaiiy
aiaeiainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? a ii?nuee?e aa?aaia?e cii? (0,6 oi.
ae?oe. a?e.).

7. Eiaaeaaa I.A., Ooia?iaa I.E. Iaoiaeeea ii?aaeaeaiey yooaeoeaiinoe
eniieueciaaiey iniiaiuo oiiaeia i?e?iaeiio?aiiiai iacia/aiey.-
Iaeanna:Ei-o i?iaeai ?uiea e yeiiiieei-yeieiae/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee IAI
Oe?aeiu.- 1994.- 44 c. Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: Eiiieaen
ocaaaeueithth/eo iieaciee?a, ye? oa?aeoa??cothoue oiiaeia?aeaea/o
i/enieo nii?oae (1,2 oi. ae?oe. a?e.).

8. Eiaaeaaa I.A., Ooia?iaa I.E., Eiaaeaa A.A. Iaoiaeieiae/aneea e
iaoiaee/aneea iniiau oi?ie?iaaiey iaoaiecia yeiiiieei-yeieiae/anei-ai
?aaoee?iaaiey ii?neiai i?e?iaeiiieueciaaiey.- Iaeanna: Ei-o i?iaeai
?uiea e yeiiiieei-yeieiae/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee IAI Oe?aeiu.- 1995.- 66 c.
Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: Iaoiaeieia?y oa iaoiaeeea ocaaaeueithth/eo
iieaciee?a aeieia?/ii? aaciaee ii?nueeiai i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy (1,2 oi.
ae?oe. a?e.).

9. Ooia?iaa I.E. Yeieiae/aneee aoaeeo a ii?neii i?e?iaeiiieueciaaiee. —
Iaeanna: EI?YYE IAIO. — 1998. 52 c.

10. Eiaaeaaa I.A., Ooia?iaa I.E. ?acaeoea ?uii/iuo iaoiaeia
?aaoee?iaaiey a i?e?iaeiio?aiiie aeayoaeueiinoe // Oaeoi?u e iaoaieciu
yooaeoeaiiai ?acaeoey ii?aoicyenoaaiiiai eiiieaena.- Eeaa: EY AI
Oe?aeiu.- 1991.- N. 45-52. Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: ?ic?iaea ?eieiaeo
iaoiae?a ?aaoethaaiiy (0,3 oi. ae?oe. a?e.).

11. Eiaaeaaa I.A., Ooia?iaa I.E. Oneeaiea ?iee ?uii/iuo iaoaieciia a
i?e?iaeiiieueciaaiee i?e/a?iiii?neiai ?aaeiia //
Nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneea e yeiiiieei-yeieiae/aneea i?iaeaiu naiaiaeiiai
i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoaa.- Iaeanna: Ei-o i?iaeai ?uiea e
yeiiiieei-yeieiae/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee AI Oe?aeiu.- 1992.- N.66-72.
Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: Oi?ioaaiiy i?eueaiai? aace ieaoaae?a ca
caa?oaeiaiiy (0,3 oi. ae?oe. a?e.).

12. Ooia?iaa I.E., Eiaaeaaa I.A. Iaoiaeieiae/aneea enneaaeiaaiey
ooiaeaiaioaeueiie yeieiae/aneie i?iaeaiu// Yeiiieiaey: enoiee, i?iaeaiu
e ia?niaeoeaa.-Iaeanna, EI?YYE IAIO.-1995. — N.37-42. Iniaenoee aia-nie
aaoi?a: Eiioeaiooaeuei? iniiae aeieia?/ii aacia/iiai ?icaeoeo
I?e/i?iiii?nueeiai ?aa?iio (0,1 oi. ae?oe. a?e.).

13.Ooia?iaa I.E. Yeieiae/aneee aoaeeo a ii?aio?aiiie aeayoaeueiinoe //
Eioi?iaoeey a yeieiaee. — Iaeanna: EI?YYE IAIO. — 1997.- N.157-169.

14. Ooia?iaa I.E. Oi?aaeaiea yeieiae/aneei aoaeeoii// Eioi?iaoeey a
yeieiaee. — Iaeanna: EI?YYE IAIO. — 1997. — N. 170 — 175.

15. Oi?ie?iaaiea ii?iaoeaiie aacu i?e?iaeiio?aiiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey//
Noaiaiia A.I., Eiaaeaaa I.A.,E?oaeyeiaa E.E.,A?iiiaa A.I.,Ooia?iaa I.E.
I?e?iaeiio?aiiia ?aaoee?iaaiea a ?uii/iuo ioiioaieyo. — Iaeanna: EI?YYE
IAIO. — 1998. — N. 50 — 70. Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: Iaoiaee/i? iniiae
ii?nueeiai i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy (0,3 oi. ae?oe. a?e.).

16. Ooia?iaa I.E., Eiaaeaaa I.A. Ooieoeee oicyenoaaiiiai eiio?iey,
yeieiae/aneiai aoaeeoa e yenia?oecu a oi?ie?iaaiee ?uii/iuo
ioiioaiee//I?e?iaeiio?aiiia ?aaoee?iaaiea a ?uii/iuo
ioiioaieyo.-Iaeanna: EI?YYE IAIO.-1998.- N.184-194. Iniaenoee aianie
aaoi?a: I?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? eiio?ieth aeieia?/ii aacia/iiai
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo Oe?a?inueeiai I?e/i?iiii?’y; aaaaeaiiy
iiaiai iaoiaea eiio?ieth — aeieia?/iiai aoaeeoo a ii?aainiiaei?nuee?e oa
ii?aioi?iii?e ae?yeueiino? (0,6 oi. ae?oe. a?e.).

17. Ooia?iaa I.E. Iaoiaee/aneea iniiau inouanoaeaiey yeieiae/aneiai
aoaeeoa i?aaei?eyoey (oe?iu)//I?e?iaeiio?aiiia ?aaoee?iaaiea a ?uii/iuo
ioiioaieyo. — Iaeanna: EI?YYE IAIO. — 1998. — N. 194 — 205.

A I I O A Oe ? ss

Ooia?iaa I.?. Oaeineiiaeaiiy aeiiii?/iiai oa i?aai?caoe?eiiai
?ino?oiaioa??th caaacia/aiiy aeieia?/ii? aaciaee a ii?nueeii
i?e?iaeiei?enooaaii?. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.08.01 — Aeiiii?ea i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy ?
ioi?iie iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua. — ?inoeooo i?iaeai ?eieo oa
aeiiii?ei — aeiei-a?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie. — Iaeana. — 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia oai?aoe/iei ? i?aeoe/iei ieoaiiyi
oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a oa oi?i eiio?ieth aeieia?/ii aacia/iiai
nioe?aeueii-aeiii-i?/iiai ?icaeoeo ii?nueei? aa?aaiai? ciie
Oe?a?inueeiai I?e/i?iiii?’y. ?ic?iaeaia ? cai?iiiiiaaia ci?oaia
aea?aeaaii-?eieiaa oi?ia eiio?ieth (ia aac? aaaaeaiiy aeieia?/iiai
aoaeeoo), i???ioiaaia ia ?icaeoie aeieia?/ii aacia/iiai i?aei?e?iieoeoaa
a ii?aainiiaei?nuee?e ae?yeueiino?.

?ic?iaeai? i?eeeaaei? caaaeaiiy iaoiaee/iiai caaacia/aiiy aeieia?-/iiai
aoaeeoo oa oi?aae?iiy aoaeeoi?nueeith o??iith. ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue ?aae?ciaai? o i?ioeaaeo?ao aeieia?/iiai aoaeeoo aa?aaiaeo
ainiiaea?nueeeo ia’?eo?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeieia?/ia aaciaea, aeieia?/iee iaiaaeaeiaio,
aeieia?-/iee eiio?ieue, aeieia?/iee aoaeeo, ?iaanoeoe?eiee i?iaeo,
aoaeoeai?noue.

18

A I I I O A Oe E ss

Ooia?iaa I.E. Niaa?oainoaiaaiea yeiiiie/aneiai e i?aaiecaoeeiiiiai
eino?oiaioa?ey iaania/aiey yeieiae/aneie aaciianiinoe a ii?neii
i?e?iaeiiieueciaaiee.- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.08.01 — Yeiiiieea i?e?iaeiiieueciaaiey e
io?aiu ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu. — Einoeooo i?iaeai ?uiea e
yeiiiieei-yeieiae/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee IAI Oe?aeiu, Iaeanna, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia oai?aoe/aneei e i?aeoe/aneei aii?inai
niaa?oainoaiaaiey iaoiaeia e oi?i eiio?iey yeieiae/anee aaciianiiai
nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneiai ?acaeoey ii?neie aa?aaiaie ciiu Oe?aeineiai
I?e/a?iiii?uey.

Nooue oai?aoe/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee yeieiae/anee aaciianiiai
nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneiai ?acaeoey iaicia/aia a ?ane?uoee i?ioeannia
aioo?aiieo yeiiiieei-yeieiae/aneeo i?ioeai?a/ee ?acaeoey ii?neie
aa?aaiaie ciiu e enneaaeiaaia n iiiiuueth iyoe niaoeeaeueiuo
aeueoa?iaoea.

Noi?ioee?iaaiu iniiaiua iieiaeaiey eiioeaioeee yeieiae/anee aaciianiiai
nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneiai ?acaeoey ii?neie aa?aaiaie ciiu Oe?aeineiai
I?e/a?iiii?uey.

Auyaeaiu, n iiceoeee yeiiiieei-yeieiae/aneie ioeaiee, iniiaiua oaeoi?u,
ii?aaeaeythuea iaino?aiea yeieiae/aneie neooaoeee a ii?neie aa?aaiaie
ciia. Yoi i?eii?neea ai?iaea e iauaeou ii?neiai o?ainii?oa.

?ac?aaioaiu iniiaiua iai?aaeaiey ?acaeoey ii?neie yeieiae/aneie
iieeoeee a aa?aaiaie ciia Oe?aeineiai I?e/a?iiii?uey. Noi?ioee?iaaiu aa
oeaee, caaea/e e i?eioeeiu. Iaeaieaa aaaeiui i?ei?eoaoii ii?neie
yeieiae/aneie iieeoeee yaeyaony icaei?iaeaiea ii?neeo ?ano?nia e ii?neeo
yeinenoai e eo yooaeoeaiay caueoa io aio?iiiaaiiuo iaa?ocie.

I?aaeeiaeaia nenoaiaoecaoeey iieacaoaeae, io?aaeathueo ?uii/iua e
ia?uii/iua oeaiiinoe a iaeanoe ii?neiai i?e?iaeiiieueciaaiey a oneiaeyo
?uii/iuo i?aia?aciaaiee.

Oniaa?oainoaiaaia nenoaia iaiauathueo iieacaoaeae yeieiae/anee
aaciianiiai ?acaeoey a ii?neie aa?aaiaie ciia. A iaa aeeth/aiu
iieacaoaee i?e?iaeiaieinoe i?iecaiaenoaa, aai ?ano?niaieinoe (ii anaio
eiiieaeno eniieuecoaiuo ?ano?nia), e noaiaie aicaeaenoaey iauaeoa ia
i?e?iaeiua n?aaeu.

?ac?aaioaia nenoaia iieacaoaeae aeey ioeaiee yooaeoeaiinoe iniiaiuo
oiiaeia i/enoiuo nii?oaeaiee ii?aio?aiiiai iacia/aiey: oiiaeiioaea/a,
oiiaeiaieinoue, oiiaeiiaania/aiiinoue io?aiu ii?neie c?aaeu, o?iaaiue
eioaineaiinoe eniieueciaaiey iai?oaeiaaiey, aai oece/aneee e ii?aeueiue
eciin.

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi eo eiee/anoaaiiay ioeaiea iicaieyao i?eieiaoue
yeiiiie/anee iainiiaaiiua ?aoaiey n o/aoii yeieiae/aneiai oaeoi?a a
i?eaaoecaoeeiiiuo i?ioeannao, a i?ioeaaeo?ao aoaeeoi?neie i?iaa?ee oe?iu
(i?aae-i?eyoey) e ?ac?aaioea aoaeeoi?neeo ?aeiiaiaeaoeee, a oaeaea a
i?aaeeiaanoeoeeiiiue ia?eiae ia noaaeee ioeaiee aeiea ii?aio?aiiuo
i?iaeoia a i?ia?aiiao nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneiai ?acaeoey ?aaeiia.

?ac?aaioai iiaue eino?oiaio eiio?iey yeieiae/anee aaciianiiai
nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneiai ?acaeoey a ii?neie aa?aaiaie ciia —
yeieiae/aneee aoaeeo a ii?neii i?e?iaeiiieueciaaiee.

Iainiiaaia iaiaoiaeeiinoue niaa?oainoaiaaiey no?oeoo?u yeieiae/aneiai
eiio?iey e ?aca?aie/aiey aai ooieoeee a oneiaeyo ?uii/iuo
i?aia?aciaaiee. Yoi iicaieeo aac aeiiieieoaeueiuo athaeaeaoiuo cao?ao
oeo/oeoue oi?aaeaiea ii?neei i?e?iaeiiieueciaaieai e iiauneoue aai
yooaeoeaiinoue.

Ia iniiaaiee nenoaiiiai iiaeoiaea i?i?aaioaiu i?aaiecaoeeiiiua iniiau e
aii?inu oi?aaeaiey aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoueth.

?ac?aaioaia iauay iiaeaeue yeieiae/aneiai aoaeeoa. Aeey inouanoaeaiey
yooaeoeaiiai oi?aaeaiey aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoueth i?aaeeiaeai
aeai?eoi oi?aaeaiey.

Ii?aaeaeaia noa?a aeaenoaey yeieiae/aneiai aoaeeoa n o/aoii
niaoeeoe/aneeo iniaaiiinoae ?aciauaiey oicyenoaaiiuo iauaeoia a ii?neie
aa?aaiaie ciia e ?ani?ino?aiaiey iiethoaioia a ii?neie n?aaea.

Inouanoaeaia ai?iaaoeey iaoiaeia e n?aaenoa yeieiae/aneiai aoaeeoa ia
aaca “yeieiae/aneiai aeiea”, ?ac?aaaouaaaiie a Einoeoooa i?iaeai ?uiea e
yeiiiieei-yeieiae/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee IAI Oe?aeiu, — “I?ia?aiiu
nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneiai ?acaeoey Oe?aeineiai I?e/a?iiii?uey ia
ia?eiae aei 2010 aiaea”.

I?aaeeiaeaia iiaay no?oeoo?a enoi/ieeia oeiaine?iaaiey, i?eaioe?iaaiiay
ia “?aca?oceo” ?anoiaeiie /anoe ainoaea?noaaiiiai athaeaeaoa.

Ii?aaeaeaii, /oi iaeaieaa i?ei?eoaoiuie aeey inouanoaeaiey eiaanoeoeee
ii iieacaoaeyi yeieiae/aneie aaciianiinoe e yeiiiie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe,
yaeythony ii?aio?aiiua i?iaeou, ?ac?aaioaiiua a i?eii?neeo ai?iaeao
Iaeanna, Ieeieaaa, Naaanoiiieue e Ia?eoiieue.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: yeieiae/aneay aaciianiinoue, yeieiae/aneee
iaiaaeaeiaio, yeieiae/aneee eiio?ieue, yeieiae/aneee aoaeeo,
eiaanoeoeeiiiue i?iaeo, yooaeoeaiinoue.

A N N O T A T I O N

Khumarova N.I. Improving of the economic and organization instruments
in providing for ecological safety (in marine environment ). —
Manuscript.

Dissertation for degree of candidate of economical sciences for
specialty 08.08.01 — Economy of nature exploitation and preservation of
the environment. — Institute of market problems and economical —
ecological researches of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,
Odessa, 1998.

In the dissertation it was researched the theoretical and practical
problems of performing the methods and forms of ecological security
control of social — economical development of sea coastal zone of
Ukrainian Black sea region. It was elaborated and presented the mixed
state — market form of ecological control ( at the base of ecological
audit ), directed to the development of ecologically safe enterprise and
sea exploitation activity.

It was elaborated the application tasks of methodological providing the
ecological audit and management of auditor firm. The results of the
research are realized in the ecological control procedures of enterprise
objects of coastal zone.

Key words: ecological security, ecological management, ecological
control, ecological audit, investment project, efficiency.

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