22

IAOe?IIAEUeIEE AA?A?IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?IAEEI AAEAIOEI ?AAIIAE*

OAeE
631.572:633.521.001.76

OAeINEIIAEAIIss A?IEIA?*IIAI NIINIAO

I?EAIOOAAIIss EUeIIIO?ANOE

05.18.03 ia?aeiia ia?iaea oa caa??aaiiy i?iaeoeo?a

?ineeiieoeoaa

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao?, Eaa?iaoo
I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — eaiaeeaeao n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe,

Oeeaae/ Aaneeue Na?a?eiae/

Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e oaoiieia??
caa??aaiiy oa ia?a?iaee i?iaeoeoe?? ?ineeiieoeoaa

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?,

Eiaaeueia A?oae?e Ai?eniae/

?inoeooo n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa Iie?nny Oe?a?ie OAAI, canooiiee
aee?aeoi?a c iaoeiai? ?iaioe, caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eii eueiio

eaiaeeaeao n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe,

Iie?einueeee Aeaaeeneaa Ieoaeeiae/

Iaoeiai-?iaeaia?iee oeaio? “AENI” IAI, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee,
i. Ee?a

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – Oiainueea n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueea aeaaeai?y,

I?i?noa?noai AIE Oe?a?ie, i. Oiaiue.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 5 “eenoiiaaea 1999 ?. i 10 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.004.10 a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio
aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 252041, i. Ee?a, aoe. Aa?i?a
iai?iie, 15, iaa/aeueiee ei?ion 3, aoaeeoi??y 65.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo: Ee?a — 41 aoe. Aa?i?a iai?iie, 11, iaa/aeueiee
ei?ion 10.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “4 “ aeiaoiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Aeieo?eoae I.ss.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aiae?c ae?iaieoeoaa eueiio iieaco?, ui eiai
iaaeniea a?iaeaei?noue oa iecueea ye?noue i?iaeoeoe?? ? ?acoeueoaoii
aaeeeeo e?euee?nieo ? ye?nieo ao?ao eueiiine?iaeie, iniaeeai a i?ioean?
cae?aiiy oa i?neycae?aeueii? ia?iaee. Aeo?aeia ye?noue ne?iaeie
cieaeo?oueny i?e ia?aoai?aii? nieiie ia o?anoo. Aeei?enoiaoth/e
iioaioe?ei? iiaeeeaino? no/anieo ni?o?a eueiio, ainiiaea?noaa
ae?iuothoue eueiiinieiio aeniei? yeino? iiia?ii 1,5 – 2,0 ? a?eueoa, aea
aiane?aeie ao?ao e?eueeino? oa yeino? i?e ia?aeii?e ia?iaoe?
?aae?cothoue o?anoo iiia?ii 1,0 ? ieae/a.

Oaoiieia?/ia ye?noue eueiiio?anoe ioe?ith?oueny ia eeoa caaaeueiei
ai?noii aieieia a noaaeao, a, aieiaiei /eiii, e?euee?noth ? ye?noth
aeiaaiai aieieia, iaea?aeaiiai i?e ia?a?iaoe? ?? ia eueiiicaaiaeao. O
?acoeueoao? aieeao oiia i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe ieoiia /anoea aeiaaiai
aieieia ii a?aeiioaiith aei aaeiaiai c eiaeiei ?ieii ciaioo?oueny,
niinoa??aa?oueny oaiaeaioe?y aei cieaeaiiy aeoiaeo /anaiiai aieieia oa
eiai yeino?.

sseee ae niin?a i?aeaeuaiiy a?iaeaeiino? ia aeei?enoiaoaaany, ieoaiiy
i?i caa?aaeai?noue ii/aoeiai? oe?iiino? caa??aa? aeooaeuei?noue.

Oiio i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue o iai?yi? ?ioaineo?eaoe?? i?ioeano
i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe, iai?aaeaieo ia caa?aaeai?noue ii/aoeiaiai ??aiy
yeino? eueiiine?iaeie, o aeaiee /an ? aeooaeueiei.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith oaiaoe/ii? i?ia?aie aeine?aeaeaiue
eaoaae?e oaoiieia?? caa??aaiiy oa ia?a?iaee i?iaeoeoe?? ?ineeiieoeoaa
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo c oaie “?ic?iaea oa
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy i?eeii?a i?aeaeuaiiy noi?iiiino?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe?? ia aoaiao cae?aiiy, ia?aeiii?
ia?iaee ? ia?a?iaee ( eueii )”, iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? 0193 U
022568.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiue aoei
oaeineiiaeaiiy a?ieia?/iiai niiniao i?eaiooaaiiy eueiiio?anoe, yeee
caaacia/ea ae i?aeaeuaiiy aeoiaeo c iueiai aieieia e?aui? yeino?. Aeey
oeueiai iaiao?aeii aoei ia?aaeyiooe ieoaiiy oi?ioaaiiy oiaueie no??/ee
nieiie ia eueiieu? i?e eiiaaeiiaiio niinia? cae?aiiy eueiio, a oaeiae
ooo/ii noai?eoe ni?eyoeea? oiiae aeey i?aeaeuaiiy aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?
iaeoeii?oei?aii? i?e?ioei?e. C oe??th iaoith aoa aeei?enoaiee 2%-e
?ic/ei aoaeaaiii?eieo nieae (AAN), iie?ath/enue ia oie oaeo, ui aeaiee
?ic/ei neoaeeoue aeaea?aeii acioiiai aeeaeaiiy aeey nii?iiinieo a?ea?a,
i?aeneethth/e ?o aeeoo?ae?yeuei?noue ? oei naiei i?enei?thth/e i?ioean
i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe. AAN – oea noi?o a?ae?iea?aiiao?a aiii?th, a iniiao
yeeo aoiaeyoue ea?aiiao (6-12%) ? a?ae?iea?aiiao aiii?th (75-88%).

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe aea/aeenue oae? ieoaiiy:

· aecia/aiiy o?eaaeino? i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe c eueiio c?a?aiiai a oac?
?aiiuei? aeiaoi?, aeiaoi? oa iiaii? noeaeino? i?e ?icnoeeaii? eueiio
aeaiia, o?ueiia ? /ioe?ia naeoe?yie eiiaaeia c iai?eneoaaiiyi
noi?iiaaieo no??/ie 2%- iei ?ic/eiii AAN;

· aecia/aiiy aieeao no?ie?a cae?aiiy eueiio oa niinia?a i?eaiooaaiiy
o?anoe ia o?iaeaei?noue ? ye?noue eueiiii?iaeoeoe??;

· anoaiiaeaiiy aieeao aoaeaaiii?eieo nieae ia caa?aaeai?noue aeo?aeiiai
??aiy yeino? eueiiii?iaeoeoe?? i?e ??cieo niiniaao ? no?ieao cae?aiiy;

· aea/aiiy aieeao aoaeaaiii?eieo nieae a eiioeaio?aoe?? 2 % ia
e?euee?niee ? ye?niee neeaae i?e?ioei?e eueiio i?e iai?eneoaaii?
no??/ie, noi?iiaaieo 2-ia, 3-ia oa 4-ia naeoe?yie eiiaaeia;

· aecia/aiiy aeiiii?/ii? oa aia?aaoe/ii? aoaeoeaiino? cai?iaaaeaeaiiy
oeeo i?eeii?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiue iieyaa? o aea/aii? aieeao no?ie?a
cae?aiiy eueiio oa niinia?a i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe ia i?aeaeuaiiy
o?iaeaeiino? ? caa?aaeai?noue ii/aoeiaiai ??aiy ?? yeino?.

Aia?oa cai?iiiiiaaii ? aeiaaaeaii iiceoeaio ae?th 2%-ai ?ic/eio
aoaeaaiii?eieo nieae ia i?enei?aiiy i?ioeano i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe,
caa?aaeaiiy noi?iiaaiiai ??aiy yeino? oa o?iaeaeiino? eueiiii?iaeoeoe??.

Aia?oa aeine?aeaeaii ?icaeoie aeaeiaiai ? e?euee?niiai neeaaeo
iaeoeii?oei?aii? i?e?ioei?e i?e canoinoaaii? 2%-ai ?ic/eio AAN o
i?ioean? ?inyiiai i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe.

Aea/aii aieea oiaueie no??/ie ia aeo?ae ? o?iaeaei?noue aieieia oa
cia/aiiy eiai eiiieaeniiai iieacieea.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Anaa?/ia ioe?iea i?iaaaeaieo
aeine?aeaeaiue aeicaieeea anoaiiaeoe, ui oaeineiiaeaiiy a?ieia?/iiai
niiniao i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe oeyoii oi?ioaaiiy iioeiaeueii? oiaueie
no??/ee oa canoinoaaiiy 2%-ai ?ic/eio AAN caaacia/o? (iacaeaaeii a?ae
no?ie?a cae?aiiy eueiio) caa?aaeai?noue noi?iiaaiiai ??aiy yeino? ?
?acii c oei aea? iiaeeea?noue io?eiaoe cia/iee o?iaeae eueiiiaieieia c
aenieeie iieacieeaie yeino?. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ai?iaaaeaeai? a
ENI “I?aaaea” Ei?iinueeiai ?aeiio *a?i?a?anueei? iaeano?.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a a iaea?aeaii? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue
iieyaa? o naiino?eiiio ieaioaaii?, cae?eniaii? iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo
?ia?o, ia?iaoe? oa aiae?c? aenia?eiaioaeueiiai iaoa??aeo, a oaeiae
ocaaaeueiaii? ?acoeueoao?a aeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai
neeaaeo IAO (1996-1998 ??.) oa can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e oaoiieia??
caa??aaiiy oa ia?a?iaee i?iaeoeoe?? ?ineeiieoeoaa.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii /ioe?e noaoo?
a iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 138 noi??ieao
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, aeeth/a? 29 oaaeeoeue, 21 ?enoiie ? neeaaea?oueny
?c anooio, 7 ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a oa aeiaeaoe?a. Nienie aeei?enoaieo
iaoeiaeo aeaea?ae ioiieth? 211 iaeiaioaaiue, o oiio /ene? 11 ca?oa?aeieo
aaoi??a.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

1. IAEssAe E?OA?AOO?E

O ?icae?e? iiaea?oueny ei?ioeee iaeyae e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae noiniaii
no/aniiai noaio iinoaaeaieo o ?iaio? i?iaeai. ?icaeyaeathoueny ieoaiiy
oi?ioaaiiy oa iaeiie/aiiy aieieia a i?ioean? ?inoo ? ?icaeoeo
eueiio-aeiaaoioey, ai?noo o?i?/ieo ?a/iaei, ye? aoiaeyoue aei neeaaeo
?ineei ? a?aeiioaiiy aei ieo i?e?ii?aai?ci?a. Iniaeeaa oaaaa
i?eae?eyeanue aea/aiith ieoaiiy ia?aoai?aiiy nieiie ia o?anoo iaoiaeii
?inyiiai ii/?iiy, ?ioaineo?eaoe?? oeueiai i?ioeano c iaoith i?enei?aiiy
i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe ? caa?aaeaiiy noi?iiaaiiai ??aiy a?iaeaeiino? oa
yeino? eueiiii?iaeoeoe??.

2. I?NOeA, OIIAE, IAOIAeEEA ? I?IA?AIA I?IAAAeAIIss AeINE?AeAEAIUe

2.1. I?noea oa iaoai?ieia?/i? oiiae i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue

Iieueia? ? ae?iaie/? aeine?aee i?iaiaeeee a oiiaao eieaeoeaiiai
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai i?aei?e?inoaa “I?aaaea” Ei?iinueeiai ?aeiio
*a?i?a?anueei? iaeano?. Aiaoiii-ii?oieia?/i? oa oaoiieia?/i? aeanoeaino?
eueiiine?iaeie aecia/aee a oaoiieia?/i?e eaai?aoi??? eueiio eaoaae?e
oaoiieia?? caa??aaiiy oa ia?a?iaee i?iaeoeoe?? ?ineeiieoeoaa IAO.
I?e?ia?ieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeee o a?aeae?e? o?c?ieia?? oa
nenoaiaoeee i?e?ii?oeao?a ?inoeoooo i?e?ia?ieia?? ? a??onieia?? IAI
Oe?a?ie ?i. Caaieioiiai.

Ee?iao ciie i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?ae?a iii??ii-eiioeiaioaeueiee. Na?aaeiy
aaaaoi??/ia oaiia?aoo?a iia?o?y noaiiaeoue 6,6 — 7,2 0N c a?aeiiniith
aieia?noth iia?o?y 79 %. Na?aaeiy e?euee?noue iiaae?a — 550-575 ii.
?iciiae?e ?o ii ia??iaeao ?ieo oaeee: aceieo — 95-110 ii, iaaani? —
120-130 , ae?oeo — 220-210 ? ainaie — 135-140 ii. Ca aaaaoaoe?eiee
ia??iae aeiaaea? aeecueei 60 % iiaae?a, ui aeinoaoiuei aeey caaacia/aiiy
aieiaith a?eueoino? ae?iuoaaieo eoeueoo?.

Ca?aeii c aeaieie Iieioe/nueei? iaoainoaioe?? Ei?iinueeiai ?aeiio
*a?i?a?anueei? iaeano?, o na?aaeiueiio ca 1996-1998 ?.? iiaiaei? oiiae
aeey ae?iuoaaiiy eueiio oa i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe aoee ni?eyoeea?.

2.2. Iaoiaeeea oa i?ia?aia i?iaaaeaiiy iieueiaeo aeine?ae?a oa
eaai?aoi?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue

Aea/aiiy iinoaaeaieo ieoaiue i?iaiaeeee iieueiaei oa eaai?aoi?ieie
iaoiaeaie aeine?aeaeaiue.

Noaia aeine?aeo c oaeineiiaeaiiy a?ieia?/iiai niiniao i?eaiooaaiiy
o?anoe ia?aaeaa/aea:

1) cae?aiiy eueiio /ioe?ia naeoe?yie eiiaaeia c ia?iaeith no??/ie
aiaeith (eiio?ieue);

2) cae?aiiy eueiio /ioe?ia naeoe?yie eiiaaeia c ia?iaeith no??/ie 2%-i
?ic/eiii AAN;

3) cae?aiiy eueiio o?ueiia naeoe?yie eiiaaeia c ia?iaeith no??/ie
aiaeith;

4) cae?aiiy eueiio o?ueiia naeoe?yie eiiaaeia c ia?iaeith no??/ie 2%-i
?ic/eiii AAN ;

5) cae?aiiy eueiio aeaiia naeoe?yie eiiaaeia c ia?iaeith no??/ie
aiaeith;

6) cae?aiiy eueiio aeaiia naeoe?yie eiiaaeia c ia?iaeith no??/ie 2%-i
?ic/eiii AAN .

Cae?aiiy eueiio-aeiaaoioey i?iaiaeeee o oacao ?aiiuei? aeiaoi?, aeiaoi?
oa iiaii? noeaeino?.

Iiaoi?i?noue o aeine?ae? /ioe?e?aciaa, ?ici?? iae?eiai? ae?eyiee — 100
i2.

?ic/ei aoaeaaiii?eieo nieae aiooaaee aaciina?aaeiuei ia?aae
iai?eneoaaiiyi ?icnoaeaieo no??/ie nieiie c ?ic?aooieo 12 ea AAN oa 800
e aiaee ia 1 aaeoa?. Aianaiiy ?ic/eio AAN i?iaiaeeee iai?eneoaa/ai N-300
a aa?aaaooaaii? c o?aeoi?ii IOC-80 o ii/aoeiaee ia??iae i?eaiooaaiiy
o?anoe ia 2-e aeaiue i?ney cae?aiiy.

I?ia?aia iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue ia?aaeaa/aea aea/aiiy oaeeo ieoaiue:

· aea/aiiy oa?aeoa?enoeee noaaeinoith oa yeino? eueiiinieiie aeey
i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe (aonoioa ?ineei, oooe ia 1 i2; iana ?icnoaeaii?
nieiie, oe/aa; e?euee?noue noaaae ia iaeiiio e?i?eiiio iao?? no??/ee,
oooe; caaaeueia ? oaoi?/ia aeiaaeeia noaaae, ni; oaoi?/ia /anoeia a ??
caaaeuei?e /anoei?, %; ae?aiao? noaaae, ii; ai?no eoao, %;
i?oei?noue, aeaI; eie??, aoaeii; ieee?noue, iaeeieoeue oa ye?noue
nieiie, iiia?);

· aecia/aiiy o?eaaeino? i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe caeaaeii a?ae no?ie?a oa
niinia?a cae?aiiy eueiiinieiie, aei?a;

· aecia/aiiy aeaeiaiai oa e?euee?niiai neeaaeo i?e?ioei?e;

· aecia/aiiy a?iaeaeiino?, oe/aa oa yeino? eueiiio?anoe: aeo?ae o?anoe
a?ae nieiie, %; iiia? o?anoe ca noaiaea?oii, cieaeaiiy ?? iiia?a,
??aaiue caa?aaeaiino?, %;

· aecia/aiiy oaoiieia?/ieo iieaciee?a eueiiio?anoe: ai?no aieieia, %;
aeo?ae aieieia anueiai, o oiio /ene? aeiaaiai; %, ye?noue aeiaaiai oa
ei?ioeiai aieieia (iiia?), i?ioeaioi-iiia??a;

· aecia/aiiy a?iaeaeiino? eueiiii?iaeoeoe??: o?iaeaei?noue aieieia
anueiai o oiio /ene? aeiaaiai, oe/aa; a?aeiiniee ai?no aeiaaiai aieieia
a caaaeueiiio a?iaea?, %;

· aecia/aiiy eiiieaeniiai iieacieea aieieia anueiai, o oiio /ene?
aeiaaiai.

Aeey ioe?iee oaoiieia?/ieo iciae eueiiii?iaeoeoe?? a?aeae?aee oeiia?
?ineeie eueiio, aeecuee? ca ii?oieia?/ieie iciaeaie ia?aaaaeath/iai
iiia?a.

Aecia/aiiy yeino? eueiiinieiie i?iaiaeeee ca?aeii c iaoiaeeeith,
ia?aaeaa/aiith AINO 14897-69 “Nieiia eueiyiay.”

Oaoiieia?/i? aeanoeaino? eueiiii?iaeoeoe?? aecia/aee a?aeiia?aeii aei
iaoiaeee anoaiiaeaieo AINO 2975 – 73 “O?anoa eueiyiay. Oaoie/aneea
oneiaey”, a aeo?ae aeiaaiai aieieia — oeyoii i?iaaaeaiiy eiio?ieueieo
?ic?iaie ia i’yeueii-o?iaeueiiio aa?noao? NIO-2000 ca?aeii c iaoiaeeeith
aeacaiith a AINO 24838 – 89 “O?anoa eueiyiay. O?aaiaaiey i?e
caaioiaeao”. Aecia/aiiy o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae /anaiiai aieieia
i?iaiaeeee ca iaoiaeeeith, ia?aaeaa/aiith AINO 10330 — 76 “Eai o?aiaiue.
Oaoie/aneea oneiaey “ ?c ci?iaie ? 4 a?ae 28.06.88 ? 2441.

Aeaeiaee ? e?euee?niee neeaae i?e?ii?aai?ci?a, ye? a?aee o/anoue o
i?eaiooaaii? eueiiio?anoe, anoaiiaethaaee ca?aeii c iaoiaeeeaie,
aeacaieie a “Iaoiaee/aneeo oeacaieyo ii i?iaaaeaieth iee?iaeieiae/aneeo
?aaio ni eueiii-aeieaoioeii” (A.?.Aeoaea??a, A.O.Ei?i??a) oa “Iaoiaeao
yenia?eiaioaeueiie ieeieiaee” (A.?.A?eae).

Aia?aaoe/io aoaeoeai?noue i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aecia/aee
a?aeiia?aeii aei iaoiaeee, iaaaaeaieo o iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yo
“Yia?aaoe/aneay yooaeoeaiinoue aicaeaeuaaiey naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo
eoeueoo?” (A.A.Ei??iaoeue, A.O.Eiceiaoeaa) oa “Aia?aaoe/iee aiae?c
?ioaineaieo oaoiieia?e a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio ae?iaieoeoa?”
(I.E.Iaaeaaaeianueeee, I.?.?aaiaiei). Noaoenoe/iee aiae?c iaea?aeaieo
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo i?iaiaeeee ca iaoiaeeeith A.I.Aeiniaoiaa.

3. OA?AEOA?ENOEEA NOAAEANOITH EUeIIINIEIIE AeEss I?EAIOOAAIIss O?ANOE

C iaoeiaeo aeaea?ae a?aeiii, ui iaee?au? oiiae aeey i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe
noai?ththoueny a oeo no??/eao, aea e?euee?noue noaaae ia ia?aaeuo?
1800-2000 oo. ia 1 iiaiiiiio iao??.

Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai, aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue c oaeineiiaeaiiy
a?ieia?/iiai niiniao i?eaiooaaiiy eueiiio?anoe aoee aea?ai? ae?iaie/?
ae?eyiee, ye? ca aonoioith noaaeinoith, o?iaeaei?noth oa eiai ye?noth
iiai?noth a?aeiia?aeaee aa?ioaoi?/iei oiiaai.

Ca?aeii c io?eiaieie aeaieie a na?aaeiueiio ca o?e ?iee aonoioa noiyiiy
?ineeie ia 1 i2 noaiiaeea 2143 oo. Oaea e?euee?noue ?ineei aeaea
iiaeeea?noue noi?ioaaoe no??/ee i?e cae?aii? eueiio iiaiei caoaaoii
eiiaaeia (/ioe?ia naeoe?yie) c u?euei?noth 3290 ?ineei ia 1 iiaiiiiio
iao??. I?ae /an cae?aiiy eueiio a?aeiia?aeiiai a?iaeath o?ueiia
naeoe?yie eiiaaeia ia iao? no??/ee ?ici?uoaaeinue 2503, a aeaiia
naeoe?yie — 1627 noaaae.

Ca ii?oieia?/ieie iciaeaie noaaea eueiio iiaeia a?aeianoe aei
na?aaeiuei? aeiaaeeie ? oiaueie. ?io? oaoiieia?/i? aeanoeaino?,
o?iaeaei?noue oa ye?noue nieiie aeaui ??cieeenue i?ae niaith caeaaeii
a?ae no?ie?a cae?aiiy. Oae, o?iaeaei?noue eueiiinieiie a na?aaeiueiio ca
o?e ?iee i?e cae?aii? eueiio o oac? ?aiiuei? aeiaoi? noeaeino? noaiiaeea
43,1 oe/aa, i?e cae?aii? o oac? aeiaoi? noeaeino? – 41,3 ? i?e cae?aii?
o iiai?e noeaeino? – 39,8 oe/aa. Iaea?eueoee ai?no eoao-32,8%- aoa
io?eiaiee o aa??aioao, aea cae?aiiy eueiio i?iaiaeeee o oacao ?aiiuei?
aeiaoi? oa aeiaoi? noeaeino?. Aeaui ieae/? oe? iieacieee aoee io?eiai? a
oac? iiaii? noeaeino? -31,6%. Iaeaeu? iieacieee i?oeiino? iaee noaaea
eueiio, c?a?aiiai o oacao ?aiiuei? aeiaoi? oa aeiaoi? noeaeino? —
16,1–16,3 aeaI. I?e cae?aii? eueiio o oac? iiaii? noeaeino? oeae
iieaciee aei??aithaaa 14,8 aeaI.

Cae?aiiy eueiio o oacao ?aiiuei? aeiaoi? oa aeiaoi? noeaeino?
oa?aeoa?ecoaaeenue iaeaeueie iieacieeaie yeino? eueiiinieiie iiia? –
1,75, ia a?aei?io a?ae cae?aiiy eueiio o oac? iiaii? noeaeino?, aea
iiia? nieiie noaiiaea 1,50.

Oaoi?/ia aeiaaeeia noaaae o caaaeuei?e ?? aeiaaeei? ii an?o no?ieao
cae?aiiy noaiiaeea aeineoue aenieo /anoeo — a?ae 94,5 aei 95,3 %.

4. O?EAAE?NOUe AEEAAEOAAIIss O?ANOE CAEAAEII A?Ae NO?IE?A CAE?AIIss
EUeIIO OA NIINIA?A ?? I?EAIOOAAIIss

Cia/iee aieea ia caa?aaeaiiy noi?iiaaiiai ??aiy o?iaeaeiino? oa yeino?
eueiiii?iaeoeoe?? ia? o?eaae?noue i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe.

Io?eiai? aeai? iieacothoue (oaae.1), ui i?e ia?iaoe? no??/ie
eueiiinieiie noi?iiaaieo aeaiia naeoe?yie eiiaaeia ? ia?iaeaieo 2%-i
?ic/eiii aoaeaaiii?eieo nieae aoei iaea?aeaii o?anoo /a?ac 23 aei?
i?e cae?aii? eueiio a oacao aeiaoi? oa iiaii? noeaeino? ? /a?ac 26 aei?a
— o oac? ?aiiuei? aeiaoi?. Ii??aiyii c eiio?ieai, aea i?eaiooaaiiy
o?anoe i?ioiaeeei aac canoinoaaiiy AAN ? no??/ee oi?ioaaeenue 4-ia
naeoe?yie eiiaaeia, i?ioean i?eaiooaaiiy nei?ioeany ia 7-8 aei?a, aai a
na?aaeiueiio ia 22 – 26%.

Ca?eueoaiiy oiaueie no??/ee i?e cae?aii? eueiio 3-ia ? 4-ia naeoe?yie
eiiaaeia, ia caaaeath/e ia oa, ui aiie aoee ia?iaeai? ?ic/eiii AAN,
i?ecaaei aei c?inoaiiy o?eaaeino? i?eaiooaaiiy eueiiio?anoe, i?ioa aiia
aoea iaioith ii??aiyii c eiio?ieai. Oae, i?e oi?ioaaii? no??/ie eueiio
o?ueiia naeoe?yie eiiaaeia o?eaae?noue i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe nei?ioeeanue
ia 5-6 aei?a. Ii??aithth/e c eiio?ieai, oea noaiiaeei 15,2–19,8%.
Ia?iaea noaaae a no??/eao noi?iiaaieo /ioe?ia naeoe?yie eiiaaeia aeaea
iiaeeea?noue nei?ioeoe aeeaaeoaaiiy o?anoe ia 3-4 aei?, ui a
na?aaeiueiio aei??aithaaei 9,6–12,1%.

Oaaeeoey 1-O?eaae?noue aeeaaeoaaiiy eueiiio?anoe caeaaeii a?ae no?ie?a
cae?aiiy eueiio oa niinia?a ?? i?eaiooaaiiy (o na?aaeiueiio ca 1996-1998
?.?.)

Oaca

noeaeino?

?ineei?inyia ii/?iiy i?e ?icnoeeaii? eueiio4-ia naeoe?yie c ia?iaeith
no??/ie3-ia naeoe?yie c ia?iaeith no??/ie2-ia naeoe?yie c ia?iaeith
no??/ieaiaeith

(eiio?ieue)?ic/eiii

AANaiaeith

?ic/eiii

AANaiaeith

?ic/eiii

AAN

?aiiy aeiaoa

33

29

30

28

29

26

AEiaoa

31

28

29

25

28

23

Iiaia

31

27

28

26

27

23

O aa??aioao, aea i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe i?ioiaeeei aac canoinoaaiiy AAN,
ciaioaiiy o?eaaeino? aeeaaeoaaiiy aoei ianooo?aei.

Oaeei /eiii, iiaeia aaaaeaoe anoaiiaeaiith oaiaeaioe?th aei
i?enei?aiiy i?ioeano i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe oeyoii iai?eneoaaiiy ?? 2%-i
aiaeiei ?ic/eiii AAN oa ?aaoethaaiiy oiaueie no??/ee eueiiinieiie.

5. AEOEAI?NOUe I?E?IOEI?E EUeIIO-AeIAAOIOess CAEAAEII A?Ae NIINIA?A ??
I?EAIOOAAIIss OA NO?IE?A CAE?AIIss EUeIIO

A iniiao a?ieia?/iiai niiniao i?eaiooaaiiy eueiiio?anoe iieeaaeaii
aeeoo?ae?yeuei?noue iaeoeii?oei?aieo ie?niyaeo a?ea?a Cladosporium
herbarum Link oa Alternaria linicola. E??i ieo o ?iceeaaeaii?
iaeoeiiaeo ?a/iaei noaaea aa?ooue o/anoue e ?io? a?eae ( Rhizopus
nigricans Ehr.), a oaeiae aa?iai? aaeoa???.

C iaoith i?enei?aiiy i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe ooo/ii noai?ththoueny
ni?eyoeea? oiiae aeey ?ioaineo?eaoe?? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?
iaeoeii?oei?aieo a?ea?a oeyoii iie?ioaiiy ?o i?ia?aeueiiai aeeaeaiiy.
Iaie ?aeiiaiaeiaaii aeey oeueiai aeei?enoiaoaaoe aoaeaaiii?ei? nie?
(AAN), iie?ath/enue ia oie oaeo, ui ?o ?ic/ei o eiioeaio?aoe?? 2%
neoaeeoue aeaea?aeii acioiiai aeeaeaiiy aeey nii?iiinieo a?ea?a,
i?aeneethth/e ?o aeeoo?ae?yeuei?noue.

5.1. ?ioaineai?noue ?icaeoeo i?e?ioei?e oa ?? aeaeiaee neeaae

O ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaieo iaie aeine?aeaeaiue aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui i?ae
/an i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe ia noaaeao eueiio i?noeeinue caeaaeii a?ae
no?ie?a cae?aiiy eueiio a?ae 11 aei 16 aeae?a a?ea?a.

Oae, i?e cae?aii? eueiio aeiaaoioey o oac? ?aiiuei? aeiaoi? noeaeino? ia
ii/aoeo aeeaaeoaaiiy nieiie aeaeiaee neeaae i?e?ioei?e oa?aeoa?ecoaaany
aeii?ioaaiiyi oaeeo aeae?a, ye Fusarium avenacaum (ooca??icia
iiao??iiy) oa Dothiorela gregaria (aio?aeiic). E??i ieo o
i?ioean? i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe oaeiae a?aee o/anoue Fusarium gibosum
(ooca??icia a’yiaiiy), Phoma exigua (oiiic) oa iaeoeii?oei?ai? a?eae
Alternaria linicola ? Cladosporium herbarum.

Ia 14-e aeaiue i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe aeaeiaee neeaae a?ea?a ci?ieany. Oae
ia eiio?ie? aei ia?aaaaeath/i? e?eueeino? Fusarium avenacaum ?
Dothiorela gregaria aeiaaaeeenue oae? aeaee a?ea?a, ye Fusarium gibosum
oa Septoria linicola, ye? caeeoeeenue aeii?ioth/eie aei e?ioey
aeeaaeoaaiiy. Ia e?iaoeue ia??iaeo aeeaaeoaaiiy ci?ieeanue ? e?euee?noue
iaeoeii?oei?aieo a?ea?a. sseui ia ii/aoeo aeeaaeoaaiiy aiie
cono??/aeenue ??aeei, oi a e?ioe? i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe aoee a?aei?/ai? c
/anoioith, aeecueeith aei aeii?ioth/i?. Iiae?aia ci?ia aeaeiaiai neeaaeo
a?ea?a niinoa??aaeanue ? i?e cae?aii? eueiio 2-ia oa 3-ia naeoe?yie.
I?ioa ne?ae a?aecia/eoe, ui ia 14-e aeaiue aeeaaeoaaiiy iaea?eueoa
e?euee?noue a?ea?a Fusarium avenacaum oa Dothiorela gregaria
ciaioeeanue ? ia e?iaoeue i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe aiie cono??/aeenue ??aeei
? eeoa a aeayeeo aeiaaeeao ?c na?aaeiueith /anoioith. Aeaeiaee neeaae
iaeoeii?oei?aieo a?ea?a o oeeo aeiaaeeao ia e?iaoeue i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe
noaaaa aeii?ioth/ei.

I?e aianaii? 2%-ai ?ic/eio AAN aeaeiaee neeaae a?ea?a oaeiae ci?ieany,
aea oa?aeoa? oe??? ci?ie aoa ?ioee. Oae, o aa??aioao, aea eueii cae?aee
2-ia naeoe?yie eiiaaeia, aeii?ioth/a e?euee?noue a?ea?a, ui
cono??/aeenue ia ii/aoeo i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe, ci?ieeanue — aiie noaee
cono??/aoenue ??aeoa. Iaeoeii?oei?ai? a?eae ii/aee cono??/aoenue
iaaaaaoi /ano?oa ? ia e?iaoeue ia??iaeo aeeaaeoaaiiy (22-e aeaiue) aoee
iiai?noth ia?aaaaeath/eie.

I?e cae?aii? eueiio 3-ia naeoe?yie eiiaaeia aoee io?eiai? iaeaea
aiaeia?/i? ?acoeueoaoe. Oae, ia 14-e aeaiue i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe
aeii?ioth/eie caeeoeeenue eeoa aeaa aeaee a?ea?a — Colletotricum lini
oa Fusarium avenaceum, a Cladosporium herbarum ? Alternaria linicola
cono??/aeenue ??aeei. Ia e?iaoeue aeeaaeoaaiiy iaeoeii?oei?ai? a?eae
noaee iiai?noth ia?aaaaeaoe.

Oae? ae nai? ?acoeueoaoe ca aeaeiaei neeaaeii o na?aaeei? oa e?ioe?
i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe aoee io?eiai? ? i?e oi?ioaaii? no??/ie /ioe?ia
naeoe?yie eiiaaeia.

Iiae?aia oaiaeaioe?y ci?ie aeaeiaiai neeaaeo i?e?ii?aai?ci?a aoea
a?aei?/aia ? i?e cae?aii? eueiio o oacao aeiaoi? oa iiaii? noeaeino?.

5.2. Ci?ia e?euee?niiai neeaaeo i?e?ioei?e eueiio-aeiaaoioey

Ia caaaeaee aeaeiaee neeaae iiaiith i?ith? iiaea a?aeia?aaeaoe ae?enio
ea?oeio i?e?ia?ieia?/ieo i?ioean?a, ye? i?ioiaeyoue i?ae /an
i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe. Aeai? i?ioeane iiaeia c?icoi?oe, aea/eaoe ci?io
e?euee?niiai neeaaeo i?e?ii?aai?ci?a, iniaeeai iaeoeii?oeioei?aieo, ye?
aa?ooue o/anoue o i?eaiooaaii? eueiiio?anoe.

Iaoeie aeine?aeaeaiiyie aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui ia ii/aoeo i?eaiooaaiiy
o?anoe c noaaae eueiio, c?a?aieo o oac? ?aiiuei? aeiaoi? noeaeino?,
e?euee?noue a?ea?a ia noaaeao noaiiaeea aeecueei 30 oen.1a nieiie.
Iniiaio ?o iano (17 oen.1a) noaiiaeee a?eae — caoaeieee oai?ia ooca??ico
(Fusarium avenacaum oa Fusarium gibosum). Caaaeueia e?euee?noue
iaeoeii?oei?aieo a?ea?a — 14 oen.1a, c yeeo Cladosporium herbarum — 8 oa
Alternaria linicola — 6 oen.1a.

Ia 7-e aeaiue i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe e?euee?niee neeaae iaeoeii?oei?aieo
a?ea?a ca?eueoeany. Oae, i?e cae?aii? eueiio 4-ia naeoe?yie (eiio?ieue)
?o caaaeueia e?euee?noue noaiiaeea 34 oen.1a, 2-ia — 39 ? 3-ia — 36
oen.1a.

A?eueo nooo?aa ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? iaeoeii?oei?aieo a?ea?a
niinoa??aaeinue o aa??aioao, aea no??/ee eueiio aoee iai?eneai? 2%-i
?ic/eiii AAN. I?e oi?ioaaii? no??/ie 4-ia naeoe?yie eiiaaeia oeae
iieaciee noaiiaea-53 oen.1a, 3-ia naeoe?yie – 56 ? 2-ia – 58 oen.1a.

Noiniaii ?ioeo aeae?a a?ea?a, oi iaea?eueoa ?o e?euee?noue
niinoa??aaeanue ia eiio?ie? — 39 oen.1a, a iaeiaioa — 16 oen.1a, o
aa??aio?, aea no??/ee oi?ioaaeenue 2-ia naeoe?yie eiiaaeia ? aoee
ia?iaeai? ?ic/eiii AAN.

Iiae?aia ci?ia e?euee?niiai neeaaeo i?e?ioei?e niinoa??aaeanue ? ia 14-e
aeaiue aeeaaeoaaiiy o?anoe.

Ia 21-e aeaiue i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe, o aa??aioao c aeei?enoaiiyi AAN aoei
a?aei?/aia a?eueo ??cea ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? iaeoeii?oei?aieo aeae?a
a?ea?a ? ciaioaiiy ?ioeo aeae?a. Iaea?eueoa e?euee?noue Cladosporium
herbarum niinoa??aaeanue ia noaaeao, aea eueii cae?aee 2-ia naeoe?yie
eiiaaeia — 136 oen. 1a nieiie. I?e cae?aii? 3-ia naeoe?yie oeae
iieaciee noaiiaea 125, a i?e cae?aii? 4-ia — 135 oen.1a. E?euee?noue
iaeoeii?oei?aieo a?ea?a aeaeo Alternaria linicola aoea iaioith ?
aa??thaaea a?ae 40, i?e cae?aii? eueiio 4-ia naeoe?yie, aei 48 oen.1a
i?e cae?aii? 2-ia oa 3-ia naeoe?yie eiiaaeia. Ia eiio?ie? caaaeueia
e?euee?noue iaeoeii?oei?aieo a?ea?a noaiiaeea 101 oen.1a, o oiio /ene?
Alternaria linicola- 26 oa Cladosporium herbarum- 75 oen.1a nieiie.

Oa?aeoa? ?iciiae?eo e?euee?niiai neeaaeo i?e?ioei?e o aa??aioao, aea
cae?aiiy eueiio i?iaiaeeee 2-ia oa 3-ia naeoe?yie eiiaaeia aac
canoinoaaiiy AAN, ia a?ae??ciyany a?ae eiio?ieth. I?ioa ne?ae
a?aecia/eoe, ui e?euee?noue iaeoeii?othi?aieo a?ea?a ia?aaeuoaaea o
aa??aio?, aea oi?ioaaiiy no??/ie i?iaiaeeee 4-ia naeoe?yie.

E?iaoeue i?eaiooaaiiy eueiiio?anoe a on?o aa??aioao aeine?aeaeaiue
oa?aeoa?ecoaaany iacia/iei ciaioaiiyi e?eueeino? iaeoeii?oei?aieo
i?e?ii?aai?ci?a. Oi/a iio??aii a?aecia/eoe, ui o aa??aioao, aea
i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe i?ioiaeeei i?e canoinoaaii? AAN, e?euee?noue oaeeo
a?ea?a aoea a?eueoith, i?ae ia eiio?ie? oa o ?ioeo aa??aioao aea ia
canoiniaoaaee ?ic/ei AAN, a e?euee?noue ?ioeo aeae?a a?ea?a, o oiio
/ene? ? oeaetheici?oei?aieo — iaaaaaoi iaioith.

Iiae?aia ci?ia e?euee?niiai neeaaeo niinoa??aaeanue oaeiae i?e
i?eaiooaaii? o?anoe c eueiio, c?a?aiiai o oac? aeiaoi? oa iiaii?
noeaeino? ia an?o ?? aoaiao.

6. AIEEA NO?IE?A CAE?AIIss EUeIIO OA NIINIA?A I?EAIOOAAIIss O?ANOE IA
O?IAEAEI?NOUe ? ssE?NOUe EUeIIII?IAeOEOe??

No/ani? oiiae aaaeaiiy eueiia?nueei? aaeoc? aeoeaioothoue iniaeeao oaaao
ia ae??oaii? ieoaiiy i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? eueiiine?iaeie oeyoii noai?aiiy
oaeeo aa?ioaoi?/ieo ? oaoiieia?/ieo i?eeii?a, i?e yeeo eueiiii?iaeoeoe?y
(o?anoa) iaaeoiaeeoeiooue ia ia?a?iaeo c aenieeie iieacieeaie yeino?.

Ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie ciaioaiiy ao?ao i?iaeoeoe?? a i?neycae?aeueiee
ia??iae ye ii e?euee?niei oae ? ii ye?niei iieacieeai ? ? caeeoa?oueny
ia nueiaiaei?oi?e aeaiue iaeiei c aieiaieo caaaeaiue
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? iaoee. Aaee/eia ao?ao eueiiine?iaeie, iniaeeai
a i?ioean? i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe, a e?ioeaaiio ?aooieo aecia/a? ??
o?iaeaei?noue oa ye?noue.

6.1. O?iaeaei?noue o?anoe

O ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue (oaae.2) c oaeineiiaeaiith
a?ieia?/iiai niiniao i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui iaea?eueoo
?? o?iaeaei?noue aoei io?eiaii i?e cae?aii? eueiio o oac? ?aiiuei?
aeiaoi? noeaeino? i?e oi?ioaaii? no??/ie 2-ia naeoe?yie eiiaaeia
oa ia?iaoe? ?o 2%-i ?ic/eiii AAN. O oeueiio aa??aio? o?iaeaei?noue
o?anoe noaiiaeea 37,8 oe/aa, ui ia 2,7 oe/aa aeua ii??aiyiii c
eiio?ieai. Ca?eueoaiiy oiaueie no??/ee iaaaoeaii aieeioei ia oeae
iieaciee. Oae, i?e cae?aii? eueiio 3-ia naeoe?yie o?iaeaei?noue o?anoe
aei??aithaaea 36,7, a i?e cae?aii? 4-ia — 35,8 oe/aa, ui ia 1,6 oa 0,7
oe/aa a?eueoa, i?ae ia eiio?ie?.

O aa??aioao, a yeeo aeey i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe ia canoiniaoaaee 2%-e
?ic/ei AAN, o?iaeaei?noue eueiiio?anoe nooo?ai ia a?ae??ciyeanue a?ae
eiio?ieueii?. Oae, i?e cae?aii? eueiio 2-ia naeoe?yie o?iaeaei?noue
o?anoe noaiiaeea 35,7, a i?e cae?aii? 3-ia – 35,6 oe/aa, ui a?eueoa a?ae
eiio?ieth a?aeiia?aeii ia 0,5 oa 0,6 oe/aa.

Oaaeeoey 2 — O?iaeaei?noue eueiiio?anoe caeaaeii a?ae no?ie?a cae?aiiy
oa niinia?a ?? i?eaiooaaiiy, oe/aa (o na?aaeiueiio ca 1996-1998 ??)

Iieaciee?inyia ii/?iiy i?e cae?aii? eueiio4-ia naeoe?yie c ia?iaeith
no??/ie3-ia naeoe?yie c ia?iaeith no??/ie2-ia naeoe?yie c ia?iaeith
no??/ieaiaeith

(eiio?ieue)?ic/eiii

AANaiaeith

?ic/eiii

AANaiaeith

?ic/eiii

AANOaca ?aiiuei? aeiaoi? noeaeino?1. O?iaeaei?noue, oe/aa

35,1

35,8

35,6

36,7

35,7

37,82. +/- aei eiio?ieth-+0,7+0,5+1,6+0,6+2,7I??05 caaaeueia, oe/aa –
0,25;

I??05 aieeao AAN, oe/aa – 0,14;

I??05 niinia?a cae?aiiy, oe/aa – 0,18Oaca aeiaoi? noeaeino?1.
O?iaeaei?noue, oe/aa

30,3

31,2

30,8

32,1

30,9

33,32. +/- aei eiio?ieth-+0,9+0,5+1,8+0,6+3,0I??05 caaaeueia, oe/aa –
0,26;

I??05 aieeao AAN, oe/aa – 0,15;

I??05 niinia?a cae?aiiy, oe/aa – 0,18Oaca iiaii? noeaeino?1.
O?iaeaei?noue, oe/aa

28,5

29,6

29,4

30,2

30,0

31,52. +/- aei eiio?ieth-+1,1+0,9+1,7+1,5+3,0I??05 caaaeueia, oe/aa –
0,29;

I??05 aieeao AAN, oe/aa – 0,16;

I??05 niinia?a cae?aiiy, oe/aa – 0,20

Iiae?aia oaiaeaioe?y aieeao oiaueie oi?ioaaiiy no??/ee oa aianaiiy 2%-ai
?ic/eio AAN ia o?iaeaei?noue o?anoe niinoa??aaeanue i?e cae?aii? eueiio
a ?io? oace noeaeino?.

6.2. Aeo?ae aieieia oa eiai ye?noue

O ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaieo iaie aeine?aeaeaiue aoei anoaiiaeaii caaaeueio
oaiaeaioe?th iiceoeaiiai aieeao aianaiiy 2%-ai ?ic/eio AAN ia
oaoiieia?/i? iieacieee eueiiio?anoe.

Oae, i?e cae?aii? eueiio o oac? ?aiiuei? aeiaoi? noeaeino? (oaae. 3)
aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui iaeaeuee aeo?ae anueiai ? aeiaaiai aieieia aoa
io?eiaiee o aa??aio?, aea ?inyia ii/?iiy i?ioiaeeei i?e cae?aii? eueiio
2-ia naeoe?yie eiiaaeia oa ia?iaoe? no??/ie 2%-i ?ic/eiii AAN. Iieaciee
aeoiaeo aieieia a oeueiio aa??aio? noaiiaea 28,0% ? ia?aaeuoaaa
eiio?ieue ia 1,5%; aeo?ae aeiaaiai aieieia — 17,7%, ui a?eueoa a?ae
eiio?ieth ia 1,4%. I?e cae?aii? eueiio 3-ia naeoe?yie – aeo?ae anueiai
aieieia aei??aithaaa 27,1%, aeo?ae aeiaaiai- 16,9%, ui

Oaaeeoey 3- Aieea niinia?a cae?aiiy eueiio oa ia?iaee nieiie ?ic/eiii
AAN ia oaoiieia?/i? iieacieee o?anoe ? aieieia (na?aaei? ca 1996-1998
??.)

Iieaciee?inyia ii/?iiy i?e ?icnoeeaii? eueiio 4-ia naeoe?yie c
ia?iaeith no??/ie3-ia naeoe?yie c ia?iaeith no??/ie2-ia naeoe?yie c
ia?iaeith no??/ieaiaeith

(eiio?ieue)?ic/eiii

AANaiaeith

?ic/eiii

AANaiaeith

?ic/eiii

AANCae?aiiy eueiio o oac? ?aiiuei? aeiaoi? noeaeino?1.Aeo?ae aieieia,%,
anueiai

o o./. aeiaaiai

2.Iiia? aeiaaiai aieieia

3.I?ioeaioi-iiia??a, anueiai26,5

16,5

12,2

231,326,9

16,6

13,8

261,126,5

16,5

12,5

236,327,1

16,9

12,5

274,326,8

16,8

13,8

262,828,0

17,9

14,5

290,5Cae?aiiy eueiio o oac? aeiaoi? noeaeino?1.Aeo?ae aieieia,%, anueiai

o o./. aeiaaiai

2.Iiia? aeiaaiai aieieia

3.I?ioeaioi-iiia??a, anueiai25,5

16,7

12,0

230,825,9

17,2

13,0

254,125,2

16,8

12,0

232,126,3

17,5

13,5

265,326,0

17,2

13,0

254,426,5

17,7

14,0

278,6Cae?aiiy eueiio o oac? iiaii? noeaeino?1.Aeo?ae aieieia,%, anueiai

o o./. aeiaaiai

2.Iiia? aeiaaiai aieieia

3.I?ioeaioi-iiia??a, anueiai23,8

12,5

11,5

177,723,9

12,5

12,0

196,823,9

13,0

12,5

199,924,3

14,5

12,7

212,724,0

13,3

12,5

203,025,2

15,4

13,5

242,2

a?aeiia?aeii ia 0,6 oa 0,4% a?eueoa ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieai. I?e
oi?ioaaii? no??/ie 4-ia naeoe?yie aeo?ae anueiai aieieia noaiiaea 26,9%,
aeiaaiai — 16,6%.

O aa??aioao, aea i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe i?ioiaeeei aac canoinoaaiiy AAN,
aeo?ae ye anueiai, oae ? aeiaaiai aieieia aoa ieae/ee, i?ae o aa??aioao,
aea canoiniaoaaany ?ic/ei AAN. Oae, i?e oi?ioaaii? no??/ie 3-ia
naeoe?yie eiiaaeia aeo?ae anueiai ? aeiaaiai aieieia ca nai?i cia/aiiyi
aei??aithaaa eiio?ieth. O aa??aio?, aea no??/ee oi?ioaaeenue 2-ia
naeoe?yie eiiaaeia, aeo?ae anueiai ? aeiaaiai aieieia ia?aaeuoaaa
eiio?ieue ia 0,3%.

?acii c oei o aa??aioao, aea ?inyia ii/?iiy i?ioiaeeei i?e canoinoaaii?
AAN, aeiaaa aieieii a?aecia/aeinue e?aueie iieacieeaie yeino? ?
ia?aaeuoaaei eiio?ieue o na?aaeiueiio ia 1,6 – 2,3 iiia?a.

A?aeiia?aeia caeiiii??i?noue iiceoeaii? ae?? AAN caa?aaeanue ? i?e
cae?aii? eueiio o aeiao?e oa iiai?e oacao noeaeino?.

6.3. Caa?aaeai?noue yeino? eueiii?iaeoeoe??

No?iee cae?aiiy eueiio oa niiniae i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe aieeaaee oaeiae ia
ye?noue i?iaeoeoe??.

I?e i?eaiooaaii? o?anoe aac canoinoaaiiy AAN ye?noue ?? ii??aiyii c
nieiiith cieaeoaaeanue. Oae, i?e cae?aii? eueiio o oac? ?aiiuei? aeiaoi?
noeaeino? cieaeaiiy a?aeaoeinue ia 2 iiia?e i?e cae?aii? eueiio 3-ia oa
4-ia naeoe?yie eiiaaeia oa ia 1 – i?e cae?aii? 2-ia naeoe?yie.

Aiaeia?/ia cieaeaiiy yeino? o?anoe niinoa??aaeinue ? i?e cae?aii? eueiio
o oac? aeiaoi? oa iiaii? noeaeino?.

Canoinoaaiiy AAN iiceoeaii aieeioei ia caa?aaeai?noue iieacieea ??
yeino?. ??aaiue caa?aaeaiino? a a?eueoino? aa??aio?a c aeei?enoaiiyi AAN
noaiiaea100%, oiaoi cieaeaiiy iiia?a o?anoe ii??aiyii c iiia?ii
nieiie ia a?aeaoeinue. I?ioa ca?eueoaiiy oiaueie no??/ie, iniaeeai i?e
cae?aii? eueiio 4-ia naeoe?yie eiiaaeia, i?ecaaei aei eiai cieaeaiiy ia
9,1- 18,6%.

Iii?oia cieaeaiiy yeino? o?anoe ii??aiyii c nieiiith a?aei?/aia i?e
cae?aii? eueiio o oac? iiaii? noeaeino?.

6.4. O?iaeaei?noue aieieia oa eiai eiiieaeniee iieaciee

Iieacieee ai?noo anueiai ? aeiaaiai aieieia aeathoue iiaeeea?noue
c?iaeoe aeniiaie uiaei eiai o?iaeaeiino?.

Io?eiai? aeai? (oaae. 4) iieacothoue, ui ia?iaea no??/ie 2%-i ?ic/eiii
aoaeaaiii?eieo nieae ni?ey? io?eiaiith cia/ii aeueo iieaciee?a
o?iaeaeiino? ye anueiai, oae ? aeiaaiai aieieia.

Oaaeeoey 4 — Aieea no?ie?a cae?aiiy eueiio oa niinia?a i?eaiooaaiiy
o?anoe ia a?iaeaei?noue eueiii?iaeoeoe?? ? ?? eiiieaeniee iieaciee

(o na?aaeiueiio ca 1996-98 ??.)

Iieacieee?inyia ii/?iiy i?e cae?aii? eueiio4-ia naeoe?yie c ia?iaeith
no??/ie3-ia naeoe?yie c ia?iaeith no??/ie2-ia naeoe?yie c ia?iaeith
no??/ieaiaeith

(eiio?ieue)?ic/eiii

AANaiaeith

?ic/eiii

AANaiaeith

?ic/eiii

AANCae?aiiy eueiio a oac? ?aiiuei? aeiaoi? noeaeino?1.O?iaeaei?noue
aieieia, oe/aa: anueiai

a o./. aeiaaiai

2.Oeaioia?i-iiia??a anueiai

9,3

5,8

81,3

9,6

5,9

92,9

9,4

5,8

83,3

9,9

6,2

100,5

9,5

6,0

93,7

10,6

6,8

110,4I??05 caaaeueia, oe/aa, – 0,18; I??05 aieeao AAN, oe/aa, – 0,10;
I??05 niinia?a cae?aiiy, oe/aa, – 0,13Cae?aiiy eueiio a oac? aeiaoi?
noeaeino?1.O?iaeaei?noue aieieia, oe/aa: anueiai

a o./. aeiaaiai

2.Oeaioia?i-iiia??a anueiai

7,7

5,1

70,3

8,1

5,4

79,7

7,85

5,2

71,7

8,4

5,6

84,8

8,1

5,4

79,7

8,8

5,9

92,7I??05 caaaeueia, oe/aa, – 0,22 I??05 aieeao AAN, oe/aa, – 0,13;
I??05 niinia?a cae?aiiy, oe/aa, – 0,15Cae?aiiy eueiio a oac? iiaii?
noeaeino?1.O?iaeaei?noue aieieia, oe/aa: anueiai

a o./. aeiaaiai

2.Oeaioia?i-iiia??a: anueiai

6,8

3,6

51,0

6,9

3,7

54,0

6,9

3,8

58,4

7,3

4,4

65,1

7,1

4,1

61,8

7,9

4,1

76,7I??05 caaaeueia, oe/aa, – 0,12; I??05 aieeao AAN, oe/aa, – 0,07;
I??05 niinia?a cae?aiiy, oe/aa, – 0,09Oae, iaeaeuo o?iaeaei?noue aieieia
aoei iaea?aeaii i?e cae?aii? eueiio o oac? ?aiiuei? aeiaoi?
noeaeino? 2-ia naeoe?yie eiiaaeia — 10,6 oe/aa, ui ia 1,3 oe/aa
a?eueoa ii??aiyii c eiio?ieai. Ca?eueoaiiy oiaueie no??/ee i?ecaiaeeei
aei cieaeaiiy o?iaeaeiino? aieieia, ine?eueee ?c cia/ii? /anoeie noaaae
aa?oiueiai ? ieaeiueiai oa??a no??/ee eiai ia aoei iaea?aeaii. Oae, i?e
oi?ioaaii? no??/ie 3-ia naeoe?yie o?iaeaei?noue aieieia noaiiaeea 9,9
oe/aa, a 4-ia – 9,6 oe/aa. Iiae?aia oaiaeaioe?y niinoa??aaeanue ? i?e
cae?aii? eueiio a ?ioeo oacao noeaeino?.

Noiniaii a?iaeath aeiaaiai aieieia a?aei?/aii oaeo ae naio oaiaeaioe?th,
ui ? ii a?iaeath anueiai aieieia. Iaeaeuee iieaciee o?iaeaeiino?
aeiaaiai aieieia aoa io?eiaiee i?e cae?aii? eueiio o oac? ?aiiuei?
aeiaoi? noeaeino? 2-ia naeoe?yie eiiaaeia — 6,8 oe/aa, ui ia?aaeuoaaei
eiio?ieue ia 1,0 oe/aa.

Iaea?eueoith e?euee?noth oeaioia?i-iiia??a a?aecia/aeenue aa??aioe, aea
cae?aiiy eueiio i?iaiaeeee 2-ia ? 3-ia naeoe?yie eiiaaeia oa noi?iiaai?
no??/ee ia?iaeai? 2%-i ?ic/eiii AAN.

Ca a?aeiiniei ai?noii aeiaaiai aieieia a caaaeueiiio a?iaea? oa
e?euee?noth oeaioia?i-iiia??a iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i aenieo
aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy aoaeaaiii?eieo nieae aeey i?enei?aiiy
i?ioeano i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe.

6.5. O?ceei-iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino? aieieia

Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao niinia?a i?eaiooaaiiy
o?anoe ia o?ceei-iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino? aieieia iieacaee, ui aianaiiy
2%-ai ?ic/eio AAN cia/iith i??ith ni?ey? iie?auaiith i?oeiino?,
aio/eino? oa caeiino?eeino? aieieia.

Iaee?au? o?ceei-iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino? aieieia io?eiai? o aa??aioao, aea
cae?aiiy eueiio i?iaiaeeee 2-ia oa 3-ia naeoe?yie eiiaaeia c
iai?eneoaaiiyi noi?iiaaieo no??/ie 2%-i ?ic/eiii AAN. O na?aaeiueiio a
oeeo aa??aioao i?oei?noue aieieia ia?aaeuoaaea eiio?ieue ia 1-3 aeaI,
aio/e?noue — ia 2-6 ii ? caeiino?ee?noue — ia 10-34 oeeeee.

7. AEIIII?*IA OA AIA?AAOE*IA AOAEOEAI?NOUe OAeINEIIAEAIIss A?IEIA?*IIAI
NIINIAO

I?EAIOOAAIIss O?ANOE

7.1. Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue

Aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea niinia?a oaeineiiaeaiiy a?ieia?/iiai niiniao
i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe iieacaea, ui aianaiiy 2%-ai ?ic/eio AAN ? aea?aeiei
oaoiieia?/iei i?eeiiii, yeee aea? iiaeeea?noue cia/ii ca?eueoeoe
?aioaaaeuei?noue ae?iaieoeoaa eueiiii?iaeoeoe?? oa io?eiaoe aenieee
i?eaooie.

Iaea?eueo? cia/aiiy iieacieea oiiaii /enoiai i?eaooeo aoee iaea?aeai?
i?e i?eaiooaaii? o?anoe, c?a?aii? 2-ia oa 3-ia naeoe?yie eiiaaeia. I?e
cae?aii? eueiio o oac? ?aiiuei? aeiaoi? noeaeino? 2-ia naeoe?yie oeae
iieaciee noaiiaea 328,1 a?i. 1aa, 3-ia – 301,4, 2-ia – 99,84 a?i. 1aa.
Aiaeia?/ia oaiaeaioe?y ii ?iciiae?eo oiiaii /enoiai i?eaooeo
niinoa??aaeanue ? i?e cae?aii? eueiio o oac? aeiaoi? oa iiaii?
noeaeino?. I?ioa ca?eueoaiiy a?ioiaeo aeo?ao, iia’ycaieo c aeei?enoaiiyi
AAN, iieacaei, ui ca ??aiai ?aioaaaeueiino? iaeaoaeoeai?oei ?
i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe c?a?aii? 3-ia naeoe?yie eiiaaeia. Oae, a aeaiiio
aeiaaeeo ??aaiue ?aioaaaeueiino? a na?aaeiueiio noaiiaea a?ae 322% — i?e
cae?aii? eueiio o oac? aeiaoi? noeaeino? — aei 574% — o oac? iiaii?
noeaeino?.

7.2. Aia?aaoe/iee aiae?c

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui iaea?eueo aia?aaoe/ii aea?aeiei niiniaii
i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe i?e aeei?enoaii? AAN ? cae?aiiy eueiio 3-ia
naeoe?yie eiiaaeia (?en. 1).

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0000

?enoiie 1. Aieea niinia?a i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe ia eiao?oe??io
aia?aaoe/ii? aoaeoeaiino? i?iaeoeoe?? ( o na?aaeiueiio ca 1996-1998 ??.)

Aeaiee niin?a ia? iaeiaioo aia?ai?ie?noue 1oe aeiaeaoeiai? i?iaeoeoe??
a?ae 416,6 aei 506,2 IAeae oa iaeaeuee eiao?oe??io aia?aaoe/ii?
aoaeoeaiino? — 1,08 – 1,31.

AENIIAEE

?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue c aea/aiiy i?eeii?a
oaeineiiaeaiiy a?ieia?/iiai niiniao i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe aeathoue
iiaeeea?noue c?iaeoe oae? aeniiaee.

1. Canoinoaaiiy 2%-ai ?ic/eio AAN i?e i?eaiooaaii? o?anoe oeyoii
iai?eneoaaiiy no??/ie eueiiinieiie iaoiiaeth? nei?i/aiiy o?eaaeino?
i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe ia 3–8 aei?a. Iaeiaioa o?eaae?noue aeeaaeoaaiiy
o?anoe niinoa??aa?oueny i?e oi?ioaaii? no??/ie eueiio 2-ia oa 3-ia
naeoe?yie eiiaaeia. Ca?eueoaiiy oiaueie no??/ie iiaeiaaeo? ia??iae
i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe.

2. Aoaeaaiii?ei? nie? a eiioeaio?aoe?? 2% aeoea?cothoue ?icaeoie
iaeoeii?oeioth/i? i?e?ioei?e, ca?eueooth/e i?e oeueiio ?? e?euee?noue.
Iniaeeai iii?oia ca?eueoaiiy /enaeueiino? iaeoeii?oeioth/eo a?ea?a
Cladosporium herbarum Link oa Alternaria linicola niinoa??aaeinue ia
14-e aeaiue i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe. ?acii c oei aeaeiaee ? e?euee?niee
neeaae noiooi?o i?e?ii?aai?ci?a ciaioo?oueny.

3. Iai?eneoaaiiy noi?iiaaieo no??/ie eueiiinieiie 2%-i ?ic/eiii AAN aea?
iiaeeea?noue i?aeaeueoe caa?aaeai?noue eueiiio?anoe ia 1-3 iiia?e.
Iaeaeua caa?aaeai?noue (100 %) anoaiiaeaia i?e cae?aii? eueiio 2-ia oa
3-ia naeoe?yie eiiaaeia o oac? ?aiiuei? aeiaoi? oa aeiaoi? noeaeino?.

4. Ia?iaea noaaae o no??/eao 2%-i ?ic/eiii AAN aeicaiey? io?eiaoe
iaea?eueoee aeo?ae anueiai aieieia — 29 %, aeiaaiai — 17,9%.

5. O?iaeaei?noue anueiai ? aeiaaiai aieieia i?e canoinoaaii? AAN
ca?eueoo?oueny ia 0,1–1,3 oe/aa, a e?euee?noue oeaioia?i-iiia??a ia
9–34,1.

6. sse?noue aeiaaiai aieieia o aa??aioao c aeei?enoaiiyi AAN
i?aeaeuo?oueny ia 0,5-2,3 iiia?e. Iaea?aeaia aieieii a?aecia/a?oueny
e?aueie iieacieeaie i?oeiino?, aio/eino? oa caeiino?eeino?.

7. Iai?eneoaaiiy no??/ie eueiiinieiie 2%-i ?ic/eiii AAN i?aeaeuo?
a?aeiiniee ai?no aeiaaiai aieieia a caaaeueiiio a?iaea? a na?aaeiueiio
ia 4 %.

8. Canoinoaaiiy 2%-ai ?ic/eio AAN ? aeiiii?/ii aea?aeiei i?eeiiii
oaeineiiaeaiiy a?ieia?/iiai niiniao i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe, yeee aea?
iiaeeea?noue io?eiaoe oiiaii /enoee i?eaooie o ?ici??? aei 495,54 a?i. c
1 aa oa cia/ii i?aeaeueoe ??aaiue ?aioaaaeueiino?.

9. Iaeaeuei iieacieeii aia?aaoe/ii? aoaeoeaiino? a?ae??ciy?oueny
i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe c eueiio, c?a?aiiai 3-ia naeoe?yie eiiaaeia c
eiao?oe??ioii aia?aaoe/ii? aoaeoeaiino? a?ae 1,08 aei 1,31.
Aia?ai?ie?noue 1 oe eueiii?iaeoeoe?? o oeueiio aa??aio? noaiiaeoue
416,6–506,2 IAeae caeaaeii a?ae no?ie?a cae?aiiy.

10. ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe eueiiin?th/ei ainiiaea?noaai i?iaiaeeoe ia?iaeo
no??/ie eueiiinieiie 2%-i ?ic/eiii aoaeaaiii?eieo nieae c iaoith
i?enei?aiiy i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe, i?aeaeuaiiy caa?aaeaiino? noi?iiaaiiai
a?iaeath oa eiai aeo?aeii? yeino?.

Aeey io?eiaiiy iaeneiaeueiiai i?eaooeo i?e i?i?iaeueieo aia?aaoe/ieo oa
a?ioiaeo cao?aoao i?iaiaeeoe cae?aiiy eueiio 3-ia naeoe?yie
eueiiieiiaaeia.

I?iaiaeeoe i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe c eueiiinieiie c?a?aii? o oacao ?aiiuei?
aeiaoi? oa aeiaoi? noeaeino? c iaoith iaea?aeaiiy iaeneiaeueiiai
a?iaeath eueiiii?iaeoeoe?? c iaee?aueie o?ceei-iaoai?/ieie
aeanoeainoyie.

Ioae?eaoe?? ii oai? aeena?oaoe??

1. ?iaeei A.?. Aieea aoaeaaiii?eieo nieae ia i?e?ia?ieia?/io aeoeai?noue
iaeoeii?oei?aii? i?e?ioei?e eueiio-aeiaaoioey ca ??cieo no?ie?a eiai
cae?aiiy // A?niee aa?a?ii? iaoee-?2, 1999.- no.76-78 (Aeeeaaeai?
?acoeueoaoe aieeao 2%-iiai ?ic/eio AAN ia ci?io aeaeiaiai neeaaeo
i?e?ioei?e eueiio-aeiaaoioey ).

2. Oeeaae/ A.N., Naiueeia A.I., ?iaeei A.?. Aieea niinia?a cae?aiiy
eueiio-aeiaaoioey oa aoaeaaiii?eieo nieae ia i?enei?aiiy i?ioeano
i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe ? caa?aaeai?noue eueiiii?iaeoeoe??. // Iaoeiaee
a?niee IAO ?10 1998.- no.167-173 (Aea/aia aoaeoeai?noue ??cieo niinia?a
cae?aiiy oa 2%-iiai ?ic/eio AAN ia o?iaeaei?noue ? ye?noue
eueiiii?iaeoeoe?? ).

3. ?iaeei A.?. Aieea aoaeaaiii?eieo nieae ia e?euee?niee neeaae
iaeoeii?othi?aii? i?e?ioei?e eueiio-aeiaaoioey c ??cieie no?ieaie eiai
cae?aiiy. // Iaoeiaee a?niee IAO ?10 1998.-no.178-182 (Ioa?aeoa?eciaaii
aieea 2%-iiai ?ic/eio AAN ia e?euee?niee neeaae iaeoeii?oei?aii?
i?e?ioei?e eueiio).

4. Naiueeia A.I., Ieiueei I.?., ?iaeei A.?. Aeo?ae ? ye?noue aieieia
caeaaeii a?ae ??cieo no?ie?a, niinia?a cae?aiiy eueiio-aeiaaoioey oa
aianaiiy aoaeaaiii?eieo nieae (AAN).// Iaoeiaee a?niee IAO ?13 1999.-
no.211-214 (Aeeeaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aea/aiiy aieeao aoaeaaiii?eieo nieae
ia aeo?ae ? ye?noue aieieia i?e ??cieo no?ieao ? niiniaao cae?aiiy
eueiio-aeiaaoioey).

?iaeei A.?. Oaeineiiaeaiiy a?ieia?/iiai niiniao i?eaiooaaiiy
eueiiio?anoe.- ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.18.03.- ia?aeia
ia?iaea, caa??aaiiy ca?ia oa ?ioi? i?iaeoeoe?? ?ineeiieoeoaa. —
Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao. — Ee?a. — 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aea/aiith aoaeoeaiino? cae?aiiy
eueiio-aeiaaoioey 2-ia, 3-ia ? 4-ia naeoe?yie eiiaaeia, a oaeiae aieeao
ia?iaee no??/ie 2%-i ?ic/eiii aoaeaaiii?eieo nieae ia i?enei?aiiy
i?ioeano i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe, caa?aaeai?noue aeo?aeii? e?eueeino? oa
yeino? ne?iaeie, i?aeaeuaiiy aeoiaeo o?anoe oa aieieia, ?o o?iaeaeiino?
oa yeino? i?iaeoeoe??.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aoaeaaiii?ei? nie?, no??/ee, o?anoa, aieieii, no?iee
cae?aiiy, niiniae cae?aiiy, iaeoeii?oeioth/? i?e?ii?aai?cie,
caa?aaeai?noue, o?iaeaei?noue.

?iaeei A.E. Oniaa?oainoaiaaiea aeieiae/aneiai niiniaa i?eaioiaeaiey
eueiio?anou.- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.18.03.- ia?ae/iay
ia?aaioea, o?aiaiea ca?ia e ae?oaie i?iaeoeoeee ?anoaieaaiaenoaa.
Iaoeeiiaeueiue aa?a?iue oieaa?neoao. Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia eco/aieth yooaeoeaiinoe oai?ee eueia-aeieaoioea
aeaoiy, o?aiy e /aou?ueiy naeoeeyie eiiaaeia, a oaeaea aeeyieth
ia?aaioee eaio 2%-iui ?anoai?ii oaeaaiiiieeiuo nieae ia onei?aiea
i?ioeanna i?eaioiaeaiey o?anou, nio?aiiinoe enoiaeiiai eiee/anoaa e
ea/anoaa nu?uey, iiauoaieth auoiaea o?anou e aieieia, eo o?iaeaeiinoe e
ea/anoao i?iaeoeoeee.

A ?aaioa i?eaaaeaiu ?acoeueoaou eco/aiey aeeyiey oaeaaiiiieeiuo nieae ia
iee?iaeieiae/aneoth aeoeaiinoue iaeoeii?aceiaathuae iee?ioei?u
eueia-aeieaoioea i?e ?aciuo n?ieao e niiniaao oai?ee.

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi i?eiaiaiea 2%-iiai ?anoai?a oaeaaiiiieeiuo nieae iooai
ii?uneeaaiey eaio eueiinieiiu a ia/aea aa aueaaeee oiaiueoaao
i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue i?eaioiaeaiey o?anou ia 3-8 aeiae. Naiui ei?ioeei
ia?eiaeii aueaaeee oa?aeoa?ecothony eaiou, noi?ie?iaaiiua aeaoiy
naeoeeyie eiiaaeia. Oaaee/aiea oieueiu eaio oaeeeiyao i?eaioiaeaiea
o?anou.

Eco/aiea i?eiaiaiey oaeaaiiiieeiuo nieae iieacaei, /oi aianaiea eo a
eiioeaio?aoeee 2% aeoeaece?oao ?acaeoea iaeoeii?aceiaathuae iee?ioei?u,
oaaee/eaay i?e yoii eo eiee/anoai e aeaeiaie ninoaa. Iniaaiii /aoei
i?iyaeyaony oaaee/aiea eiee/anoaa oaeeo iaeoeii?aceiaathueo a?eaia, eae
Cladosporium herbarum Link e Alternaria linicola ia 14 aeaiue
i?eaioiaeaiey o?anou. I?e yoii aeaeiaie e eiee/anoaaiiue ninoaa a?aaeiuo
iee?ii?aaieciia oiaiueoaaony.

Ia?aaioea noi?ie?iaaiiuo eaio eueiinieiiu ?anoai?ii oaeaaiiiieeiuo nieae
aeaao aiciiaeiinoue iiauneoue nio?aiiinoue eueiio?anou ia 1-3 iiia?a.
Naiay aunieay nio?aiiinoue (100%) ioia/aaony i?e oai?ea eueia aeaoiy e
o?aiy naeoeeyie eiiaaeia oacao ?aiiae aeaeoie e aeaeoie niaeinoe.

Ii?uneeaaiea eaio 2%-iui ?anoai?ii OAN aeaao aiciiaeiinoue oaaee/eoue
auoiae anaai aieieia aei 29, a aeieaiai- aei 17,9%. I?e yoii
o?iaeaeiinoue aeieaiai aieieia oaaee/eaaaony a i?aaeaeao aei 1,3 oe/aa,
a eiee/anoai oeaioia?iiiia?ia – ia 9 – 34,1 iiia?ia. Ea/anoai aeieaiai
aieieia iiauoaaony aei 2,3 iiia?a. Iii ioee/aaony eo/oeie
oeceei-iaoaie/aneeie iieacaoaeyie. Ioiineoaeueiia niaea?aeaiea aeeeiiiai
aieieia a iauai o?iaeaa oaaee/eaaaony a n?aaeiai ia 2%.

I?eiaiaiea 2%-iiai ?anoai?a oaeaaiiiieeiuo nieae ca?aeiiaiaeiaaei naay
eae yeiiiie/anee auaiaeiue i?eai oniaa?oainoaiaaiey aeieiae/aneiai
niiniaa i?eaioiaeaiey o?anou, eioi?ue aeaao aiciiaeiinoue iieo/eoue
oneiaii /enoue aeioiae a ?acia?a aei 495,54 a?i/aa e cia/eoaeueii
iiauneoue o?iaaiue ?aioaaaeueiinoe.

?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee iieacaee, /oi naiue aunieee iieacaoaeue
yia?aaoe/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe iaania/eaaao oai?ea eueia o?aiy naeoeeyie
eiiaaeia n eiyooeoeeaioii yia?aaoe/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe 1,08 – 1,31.
Yia?aiaieinoue 1oe i?iaeoeoeee ninoaaeyao 416,6 – 506,2 IAeae.

Ia iniiaaiee i?iaaaeaiey eaai?aoi?iuo e iieaauo i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo
enneaaeiaaiee ?aeiiaiaeoaony eueiinathuei oicyenoaai i?iecaiaeeoue
ia?aaioeo eaio eueiinieiiu 2%-iui ?anoai?ii oaeaaiiieeiuo nieae n
oeaeueth onei?aiey i?ioeanna i?eaioiaeaiey o?anou, iiauoaiey nio?aiiinoe
noi?ie?iaaiiiai o?iaeay, a oaeaea aai enoiaeiiai ea/anoaa.

Aeey iieo/aiey iaeneiaeueiie i?eauee i?e ieieiaeueiuo yia?aaoe/aneeo
iioa?yo i?iecaiaeeoue oai?eo eueia-aeieaoioea o?aiy naeoeeyie eiiaaeia,
i?e eioi?ie ia 1 aa ?annoeeaaony ia aieaa 7,0 o nieiiu.

I?iecaiaeeoue oai?eo eueia a oaca ?aiiae aeaeoie niaeinoe n oeaeueth
iieo/aiey iaeneiaeueiiai o?iaeay eueiii?iaeoeoeee n iaeeo/oeie
oeceei-iaoaie/aneeie naienoaaie.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oaeaaiiiiueiua niee, o?anoa, aieieii, n?iee oai?ee,
niiniau oai?ee, iaeoeii?aceaaathuea iee?ii?aaieciu, nio?aiiinoue,
o?iaeaeiinoue.

Rozhko V.I. Improvement of the biological method of flax harvesting.-
Manuskript.

Thesis for the Degree of candidate of Agricultural Science. Mater
05.18.03- Initial processing, storage of grain and other crop production
out put. NAU. Kyiv, 1999.

The thesis studies the efficiency of fiber flax harvesting done with the
combine having two, three and four units and the impact of belts
treatment with 2% carbon-ammonia salt solution on accelerating the
rotted straw preparation process, consistency of initial raw materials
quantity and quality, increasing the rotted straw and fiber output,
their yielding capacity and production quality.

Key words: Carbon-ammonia, belts, rotted straw, fiber, pectin-decompose
microorganisms, preservation, yield.

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