I?EEA?IAONUeEEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?IAI? AANEEss NOAOAIEEA

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

OAeE 883.09+883(092)

IAOIIIA AIEIAeEIE? IEEIEAEIAE*

OAI?*A NIAAeUEIA

IEUeAE AeO*EI?INUeEI?

10.01.01 – oe?a?inueea e?oa?aoo?a

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

?aaii-O?aie?anuee – 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e I?eea?iaonueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. A. Noaoaieea.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iie?e
Aieiaeeie? Oaiaei?iae/, i?ioani? eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e
I?eea?iaonueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. A. Noaoaieea.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe. i?ioani? Iia?aaaiiee
Oaae?? Iao?iae/,

I?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee ?inoeoooo e?oa?aoo?e IAI Oe?a?ie ?i. O.
A. Oaa/aiea;

eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oaeaoa Ieoaeei Eineiiae/.
Caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e Ae?iaiaeoeueeiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. ?.ss. O?aiea

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: *a?i?aaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?i. TH.A.
Oaaeueeiae/a, eaoaae?a oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 24 eenoiiaaea 1998 ?. i 10 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 09.03.02 o I?eea?iaonueeiio oi?aa?neoao?
?i. Athaneey Noaoaieea ca aae?anith:

284000, i. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, aoe. Oaa/aiea, 57.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? I?eea?iaonueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. Aaneey Noaoaieea.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 23 aeiaoiy 1998.?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Oeoe?anueea I.ss.

caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Caa?iaiiy aeine?aeiee?a aei caaooeo, i?ecaaooeo ? cian?i iaa?aeiieo
e?oa?aoo?ieo ?iai — oea ianaiia?aae ia’?eoeaia iio?aaa /ano, ui aeiaaa?
iiaiioe aena?oeaiiy e?oa?aoo?iiai i?ioeano inoaiiueiai noie?ooy, eiai
iaca?aeaieia?ciaaii? iaoia?aaeaeaii? ioe?iee.

Oe?a?inueea ienueiainoai XX noi??//y iaeaaeiei /eiii ua ia
aeine?aeaeaia. No/ania ?noi??y oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e ia iiaea ?ooaoeny
aia?aae aac iiooeo, ii?eethaeiaiiy, iiaa?iaiiy an???
e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/ii? niaaeueie, ?? iiaiai inieneaiiy. Ioaea, aaaeeeaeie
caaaeaiiyie, ye? noiyoue ia?aae e?oa?aoo?iciaaoeyie, ? aeyaeaiiy,
nenoaiaoecaoe?y, noa?aiia ii?aoethaaiiy oai?/iai aei?iaeo caneoaeaieo,
oi/ ? “iaaeciaieo” ienueiaiiee?a, ne?eaaeaeaieo iani?aaaaeeeaith
iie?oeeith o aaeoc? e?oa?aoo?e, ia’?eoeaiee aiae?c ?o oai?/ino?, iieac
?o aianeo a iaoe?iiaeueio eoeueoo?o.

Na?aae e?oa?aoi??a, ye? ua ia iioe?iiaai? a o?e i???, ia yeo
caneoaiaothoue, iniaeeaa i?noea caeia? Ieueaa Aeo/ei?inueea (1883-1988)
– oe?a?inueea ienueiaiieoey, e?oa?aoo?iee e?eoee, ia?aeeaaea/ea,
aeo?iae?noea, ia?iaeia a/eoaeueea, eoeueoo?ii-ina?oiy ae?y/ea, iaeia c
aeoeaieo i?aai?caoi?ie ae?ii/iai ?ooo a Aaee/ei?, aeine?aeieoey
oieueeei?ii-aoiia?ao?/ieo ? ienoaoeueeeo iai’yoie Aooeoeueueie ?
Aiee?aueie, no/anieoey ? ciaeiia ?aaia O?aiea, ue?a i?eyoaeueea Ieueae
Eiaeeyinueei?, Iaoae?? Eia?einueei?, Ieaie Een?eaanueei?, Ieaie
Eoeue/eoeueei?, ?aaiie Aeaaeeaae/, Aiaaeaia Eaieiai, Ieaenaiae?a Ieany,
Ieoaeea ssoee?aa, Aeaiena Eoe?yiiae/a, Ieaene Iiaae?anueeiai, ?aaia
Ia??iea, Nio?? ?oniai?, ??eie A?eueaea, Iaoaeaie Ei?ieaae, Noai?neaaa
A?ioeaica, ?aee ?iaeaea?ae/a ? aaaaoueio ?ioeo ae?y/?a oe?a?inueei? oa
ca?oa?aeii? eoeueoo?.

Ca ?? oai?/a aeiaaie?ooy ie?aieie aeaeaiiyie aeeoee, ia aeaeue, eeoa
ca??i/ea c 15 iiac?e “Eeoeoey iacaaoaeuee?a” Inoai?aia ??ia. Eeoeoey
iacaaoaeuee?a. – *a?i?aoe?: N?/, 1911. – 25 n., ia?en “Iaoae?y
Eia?einueea ye oai?i?noea” Aeo/ei?inueea I. Iaoae?y Eia?einueea ye
oai?i?noea. – Eieiiey, 1934. – 34 n., iia?noue “Ao?” Aeo/ei?inueea
I.Ao?. – Euea?a: A?eueia Oe?a?ia, 1945. – 18 n., a oaeiae ia?aeeaae
oe?a?inueeith iiaith eieae /anueei? ienueiaiieoe? Ea?ie?ie Naaoei? “C
iaoeo ai?a ? ciaaaiue” Naaoea E. C iaoeo ai?a ? ciaaaiue: Iiia?aeaiiy.
Ia?. c /anueei? Ieueae Ae. [Ieueae Aeo/ei?inueei?]. – Euea?a: Iaeeaaeii
I.Eia?einueei?, 1912. – 96 n.. I?e/ei oeueiai ? e?eueea. Cie?aia, oea
noaeiny oiio, ui I. Aeo/ei?inueea aoea aeoaea ne?iiia, aeeea ianaiia?aae
aeey ?ioeo. Iiaeeeai, ?icaaaeea e?e?oueny a eeno? I. Aeo/ei?inueei? a?ae
17 ethoiai 1933 ?ieo aei ?aaaiaTHe?y Iaeainueeiai: “ss, iaaooue, Aai
caaaeoaaea, ui y ia ?aaei ae?oeoth. *iionue aiii iaia ia aaeiaieueiy?,
ye aaea i?ieoei ae?oeii” Euea?anueea iaoeiaa a?ae?ioaea ?i. A. Noaoaieea
IAI Oe?a?ie. A?aeae?e ?oeiien?a. — O. 232 (?. TH. Iaeainueeiai). — Iae.
ca. 30. — A?e. 3. [i?aee?aneaiiy iaoa. — A. I.]. Eeoa i?ney nia?o?
ienueiaiieoe? noa?aiiyie ?? iioea ?. Ieaoea ? aaeao?enoa ?. Ai?aea aoea
iioae?eiaaia /anoeia ?? i?ice o ca??oe? “Noiiee O?enoin” Aeo/ei?inueea
I. Noiiee O?enoin: [Iia?no? ? iiia?aeaiiy]/ Oii?yae. oa aaoi? i?neyiiae
?. Ae. Ai?ae; Ooaeiae. ioi?ieaiiy A. ?. I?eoeeoeueeiai. – Euea?a:
Eaiaiy?, 1992. – 238 n..

Iacaai? aeua aeaeaiiy — oea iaeaea ana, ui iiaeooue cai?iiiioaaoe
nueiaiaei? iaa?oue iaea?eueo? ? iaeiiaaaei?o? a?ae?ioaee Oe?a?ie
(Oeaio?aeueia iaoeiaa a?ae?ioaea ?i. A. Aa?iaaenueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie oa
Euea?anueea iaoeiaa a?ae?ioaea ?i. A. Noaoaieea IAI Oe?a?ie).
Iiynith?oueny oey “iaoaaaa” aei aeeooy, oai?/ino?, a?iiaaenueei?
ae?yeueiino?, aei aeaeaiiy oai?/i? niaaeueie I. Aeo/ei?inueei?,
i/aaeaeii, ua e oei, ui aiia aoea aaci?aenoaaii ?ai?aniaaia o ni?aa?, ui
noinoaaeany aaeanoaa ss?ineaaa Aaeaia, canoaeaeaia ia 25 ?ie?a
oa’yciaiiy, a?aeio/eeanue o oth?iao ? nea??nueeeo eiioeoaai?ao aeecueei
9 ?ie?a. I?ci?oa ?? iaeaea ia ae?oeoaaee, ?i’y caiia/oaaee. Iiai?noth
?aaa?e?oiaaia eeoa i?ney nia?o? — 27 eenoiiaaea 1992 ?ieo. Aeea.:
A?o?aia e?ei?iaeueia ni?aaa ? I-27660. — O. 13. — Caa??aa?oueny a a?o?a?
oi?aae?iiy NAO ii Euea?anuee?e iaeano?.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe??. Aea/aiiy aeeooy ? oai?/ino?
I. Aeo/ei?inueei? coiiaeaia ia’?eoeaieie iio?aaaie iaoe?iiaeueiiai
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy, a yeiio e?oa?aoo?a iin?aea? /?eueia i?noea, a o ae??
e?oa?aoo?iiai aeeooy ienueiaiieoey c nai???aeiei oaeaioii ia?aaoaaea
iiiaae 75 ?ie?a. Oai?/ee aei?iaie ?? ye a e?oa?aoo?iiio, oae ? a
e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/iiio, ioae?oeenoe/iiio oa noni?eueii-a?iiaaenueeiio
eiioaeno? XX no. aaaaoia?aiiee, noaiiaeoue iaa?ae’?iio /anoeo
iaoe?iiaeueii? nea?aieoe?, a oiio aiia iiaeiia caeiyoe o iao?e
e?oa?aoo?? oa eoeueoo?? iaeaaeia ?e i?noea. Niaaeueia ienueiaiieoe?
aeaeaei ia any ii?eethaeiaia. ?? aeiaaeiny aeyaeyoe o aeiai?ii?e ?
i?neyai?ii?e ia??iaeeoe? iinoi??ieiaei ia?aaeyaeii. I?e oeueiio
iaiao?aeii caaaeeoe ? ia oa, ui I. Aeo/ei?inueea ioae?eoaaeany i?ae
??cieie inaaaeii?iaie ? e?eioii?iaie, iae/ano?oa oaeeie, ye ??ia
Inoai?aia, Ieueaa Ae., Iiaaaeia, I. Iiaaaeia, ?ooa, ?ooa I., Aa?a?iie
Ieaa, Eo/einueea Ieueaa Aeea.: Aeae I. ?.Neiaiee oe?a?inueeeo
inaaaeii?i?a oa e?eioii?i?a (XVI-XX no.). – E.: Iaoeiaa aeoiea, 1969. –
N. 66, 229, 286, 289, 308, 327, 467. oa I. Ae., I. Ae-ea, ye?
?icoeo?oaaee ie, a, iiaeeeai, ia iaoo aeoieo, e ?ioeie: Ae., Ae. I.,
Eo/einueea ?., Ieueaa, I. I.. Ioaea, iaiao?aeii iiaa?iooe “iiaia” ?i’y
I. Aeo/ei?inueei? o eiioaeno oe?a?inueeiai e?oa?aoo?iiai aeeooy XX
noie?ooy.

Noai iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee oaie. Aaaeei iaeiicia/ii iiynieoe, /iio c ?noi???
oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e iaeaea aeiaei ?i’y Ieueae Aeo/ei?inueei?, a ??
oai?/a niaaeueia ia noaea ia’?eoii aea/aiiy i? ?ai?oa (60o?  ?iee), i?
iaa?oue a inoaii? aeanyoee?ooy. Iai?eeeaae, o eiec? A. Aeai’yia “Oaeaioe
Aiee?aueie” Aeai’yi A. Oaeaioe Aiee?aueie. – Euea?a: Eaiaiy?, 1991. –
325 n., ui aeeoea a 1991 ?., iacaaii e?eueea aeanyoe?a ?iai oaeaio?a
oeueiai ?aa?iio Oe?a?ie, aea i?i I. Aeo/ei?inueeo iaa?oue ia caaaeaii,
oi/a aiia a/eoaethaaea o Aeieeinueeiio iia?o? iaeaea 30 ?ie?a (1902 —
1930 ??.), a a Aaee/ei? o 1910 — 1950 ?iee ?? aeia?a ciaee ye
ienueiaiieoeth. Ia ciaeoeiny i?noey aeey ia? ? a “?noi??? oe?a?inueei?
e?oa?aoo?e XX noie?ooy” i? o aeaeaii? 1993-1995 ?ie?a, i? 1998 ?ieo.

Ia iei? ? eeoa ie?ai? noaoo?, ye? i?eiaa?aeii noinothoueny iinoao?
I. Aeo/ei?inueei?. I?i ia? ienaee a iniiaiiio iaeiiaiei, eeoa ye i?i
io/aieoeth oioae?oa?ii? nenoaie, aea cian?i iaei ye i?i oe?iei
iaaea?iaaio iniaeno?noue, oaeaiiaeoo ienueiaiieoeth. O oeueiio eiioaeno?
cia/iee iaoeiaee ?ioa?an noaiiaeyoue oai?e naii? I. Aeo/ei?inueei?,
ianaiia?aae iia?noue “Aaniyi? aei?”, iiaia “Aiaaia” oa ?io?, aea
i?enooi? aaoia?ia?ao?/i? aeaiaioe, ?? ?aii?oaae? c “iaiae??aie”,
eenooaaiiy. Oe? iaoa??aee ? aaaeeeaei aeaea?aeii aeey aeinoia??iiai
aea/aiiy aeeooy ? oai?/ino? ienueiaiieoe?, aeathoue iniiao aeey
?icoi?iiy ?aeaeii-oaiaoe/iiai ni?yioaaiiy ?? ienoaoeueei? niaaeueie.

Aeoaea neeaaeii aoei aeyaeyoe iaienaia i?i I. Aeo/ei?inueeo, ai aeaieo,
ye? a noinoaaeeny ?? aeeooy ? oai?/ino?, ia cao?eniaaii o aeiaei?e
a?ae?ia?ao??. ? ana-oaee ia nueiaiaei? ie aieiae??ii iaiaeith
e?euee?noth iaoa??ae?a i?i ienueiaiieoeth, i?aaaea, caeaa?eueoiai
o?ii?eaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o. Na?aae ieo, iaeiae, ia iiaeaii iacaaoe iaoeiao
ni?iao nenoaiiiai aea/aiiy ?? aeeooy /e aiae?co oai?/i? niaaeueie.
Aaeaea ?aoeaic?? ia iiaoe/io ca??eo “Eeoeoey iacaaoaeuee?a”
cina?aaeaeoaaeeny eeoa iaaeiei oe??? ca??ee Aeea.: Eia?einueea I. c
Ica?eaae/?a. [?aoe.] // Iaae?ey. – 1911. — ? 22. – N. 8. – ?aoe. ia ei.:
Inoai?aia ??ia. Eeoeoey iacaaoaeuee?a. – *a?i?aoe?.: N?/, 1911. – 23 n.;
Ia/oe-Eaaeoeueeee ?. “Eeoeoey iacaaoaeuee?a” ??ie Inoai?aie: [?aoe.] //
Aei?i?ia? oaee?. – 1911. – 10 aeiaoi. — ? 20-21. – N. 284-285; N. *.
[Noaiai *a?iaoeueeee]. [?aoe.] //?aaea. – 1911. – 7 ai??ey (20 ea?oiy).
– ?aoe. ia ei.: Inoai?aia ??ia. Eeoeoey iacaaoaeuee?a. – *a?i?aoe?.:
N?/, 1911. – 23 n.. A?aeaoee ia eieao Ea?ie?ie Naaoei? “C iaoeo ai?a ?
ciaaaiue” – noinoaaeeny oai??a /anueei? ienueiaiieoe?, a ia niaoeeo?ee
ia?aeeaaeo Aeea.: ?aoai I. [?aoe.] // EAI. – 1912. – O. 59. – Ei. (iaa?i
3). – N. 391. – ?aoe. ia ei.: Naaoea E. C iaoeo ai?a ? ciaaaiue. Ia?. c
/anueei? Ieueae Ae. [I. Aeo/ei?inueei?]. – Euea?a, 1912. – 96 n.; O.
[?aoe.] // Ae?ei. – 1912. – 30 o?aa. — N. 6. – ?aoe. ia ei..: Naaoea E.
C iaoeo ai?a ? ciaaaiue. Ia?. c /anueei? Ieueae Ae. – Euea?a.: Iaeeaaeii
I. Eia?einueei?, 1912; A. Naaoea Ea?ie?ia. C iaoeo ai?a ? ciaaaiue
(ia?aeeaae c /anueei? Ieueae Eia?einueei? [iiieeeiai, ia?aeeaae Ieueae
Aeo/ei?inueei?, ia?aaeiiaa I. Eia?einueei?. – A. I.], Euea?a):
[?aoe.] // Na?o iieiae?. – 1935. — ? 1. – N. 15.. ?aoeaic?? ia ie?aii
aeaeaiee ia?en “Iaoae?y Eia?einueea ye oai?i?noea” ioe?ithaaee
I. Aeo/ei?inueeo ye ioae?oeenoa, aeia?iai ciaaoey, i?eyoaeueeo
I. Eia?einueei? Aeea..: I. A. [Aiaoeoae Ieeiea]. Ieueaa-Ieaenaiae?a
Aeo/ei?inueea. Iaoae?y Eia?einueea ye oai?i?noea. – Eieiiey, 1934. –
34 n. : [?aoe.] //Aecaiie. – 1935. — ? 1. — N. 64-65.; ?. C. [Coaaiei
?aai?]. Ieueaa-Ieaenaiae?a Aeo/ei?inueea. Iaoae?y Eia?einueea ye
oai?i?noea. – Eieiiey, 1934. – 34 n. – Oe?ia 30 nio.: [?aoe.] // AE?ii/a
aeiey. – 1935. — ? 3. – N. 34.. ?aoeaic?y I. Ia?oiiaiea ia iia?noue
“Ao?” aoea oia?aaeaeaiith Aeea.: Ia?oiiaiei I. Ieaia [Ieueaa. – A.I.]
Aeo/ei?inueea. Ao?: Iia?noue. – Euea?a: A?eueia Oe?a?ia, 1946.:
[?aoe.] //?aaeyinuee?e Euea?a. – 1946. — ? 11-12. — N. 76-77.. I?neyiiaa
?. Ai?aea aei ca??ee “Noiiee O?enoin” noinoaaeany a?eueoa a?ia?ao??,
i?ae oai?/ino? Aeea.: Ai?ae ?. O?ania aei?iaa Ieueae Aeo/ei?inueei?:
[I?neyiiaa] // Aeo/ei?inueea I. Noiiee O?enoin. – Euea?a: Eaiaiy?, 1992.
– N. 219-234..

Aei ?a/?, ia ciaeoee iaeaaeiiai ?icaeyaeo aeeooy ? oai?/?noue
I. Aeo/ei?inueei? ? ca ei?aeiiii. Ia iao iiaeyae, oea o?aieeiny oiio, ui
e?eoeea aoea iaiaaeaia a ciaiiyo i?i ienueiaiieoeth.

A?aeaeath/e iaeaaeia an?i, ooi oi/a a a?aeaoeioany aeia?ei ae?oeiaaiei ?
oniei neiaii i?i I. Aeo/ei?inueeo, iio??aii ana-oaee a?aecia/eoe, ui ca
an? iiia?aaei? aeanyoee?ooy caaaeyee ianaiia?aae ioae?eaoe?yi
I. A?naie/a, ?. Ai?aea, A. Ea/eaia, O. Iia?aaaiieea, A. Iie?ea ie?aneaii
ie?ai? oo?eoe aei aea/aiiy ?? aeeooy ? oai?/ino?. Oe?e?niiai,
eiiieaeniiai aiae?co ua i?ooi ia i?iaoaaa ?iaeoe.

Ana oea na?ae/eei i?i iano?eio iaiao?aei?noue c?a?aiiy, oii?yaeeoaaiiy,
a aeae? — nenoaiiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oai?/i? niaaeueie I. Aeo/ei?inueei?.

Iaoeiaa ? i?aeoe/ia aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie aeeeoo?oueny iaeaea iiaiith
a?aenooi?noth ?? ?ic?iaee, ? oea oaae coiiaeei aea?? oaie, aecia/eei
iniiai? oe?e? ? caaaeaiiy ?iaioe.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. I?iaeaiaoeea
aeena?oaoe?? ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith aea?aeathaeaeaoii? oaie “?icaeoie
e?oa?aoo?iiai i?ioeano a Aaee/ei? ia?oi? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy”, yeo
aeine?aeaeo? eaoaae?a oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e I?eea?iaonueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? A. Noaoaieea, a oaeiae — eiiieaenii?
aea?aeathaeaeaoii? iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe ia oaio “?ieue
?ioae?aaioe?? o aeooiaiiio a?ae?iaeaeaii? oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino?”,
iaae yeith c 1994 ?ieo i?aoeth? ?inoeooo aoiai?oa?ii? i?aeaioiaee
?aaii-O?aie?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo iaooe ? aaco.

Iaoa aeena?oaoe?? e iniiai? caaaeaiiy. Ia iniia? ocaaaeueiaiiy ?
e?eoe/iiai inieneaiiy an?o aeaea?ae ? iaoa??ae?a aeena?oaoe?y ia? ia
iao? iiaa?iooe oe?a?inuee?e e?oa?aoo?? “iiaia” ?i’y Ieueae
Aeo/ei?inueei?, aeaaii iiioey?ii?, aea iaeaaeii ia aea/aii?
ienueiaiieoe?, c?iaeoe ni?iao noai?aiiy ?? iaeiiai?oi? ?
iaeaeinoia??i?oi? a?ia?ao??, aiae?co ?? oai?/i? niaaeueie, aecia/eoe ??
aianie o ?icaeoie oe?a?inueeiai ienueiainoaa.

Aeoiaey/e ?c caaaeueii? iaoe, ie?aneai? e iniiai? caaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye? eiie?aoecothoue ??:

— iieacaoe noai aeaeaiiy a Oe?a?i? ? ca ei?aeiiii oai?/i? niaaeueie
I. Aeo/ei?inueei?, aeyaeoe an? iiaeeea? ioae?eaoe?? ienueiaiieoe? a
ia??iaeeoe?;

— cae?enieoe iiooee aaoia?ao?a ?? oai??a, eeno?a o aea?aeaaieo ?
i?eaaoieo a?o?aao;

— aeiianoe aei /eoa/a a?aeii? e iaa?aeii? ?? oai?e oeyoii iioae?eoaaiiy
aai oi/a a noai?aiiyi iieaae/eea ae?oeiaaieo iaoa??ae?a oa aaoia?ao?a,
c?iaeoe ni?iao nenoaiaoecaoe?? oai?/i? niaaeueie ienueiaiieoe?;

— i?inoaaeeoe noai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeooy ? oai?/ino? ienueiaiieoe?;

— i?iaiae?coaaoe iiaoe/i? e i?icia? oai?e ye aeyae ooaeiaeiueiai
ieneaiiy aaoi?ee;

— aeine?aeeoe ineoieia?/i?, ii?aeueii-aoe/i? oa ?io? i?iaeaie iaei?
i?ice, aeynieoe ?? nthaeaoii-eiiiiceoe?eio nai???aei?noue;

— ie?aneeoe e?oa?aoo?ii-ioae?oeenoe/io ae?yeuei?noue;

— a?aeoai?eoe ienoaoeueea ioi/aiiy aeine?aeaeoaaii? aaoi?ee;

— aena?oeeoe cia/aiiy I. Aeo/ei?inueei? ye ienueiaiieoe?, iaoeiaoey.

Inieneaiiy cacia/aieo caaaeaiue iio?aao? niaoe?aeueiiai iaoeiaiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, yea a ni?eyei noai?aiith iaaii? oe?e?nii? ea?oeie aeeooy
oa oai?/i? ae?yeueiino? I. Aeo/ei?inueei?.

O?iiieia?/i? ?aiee aeine?aeaeaiiy a iniiaiiio aecia/athoueny ?ieaie
aeeooy I. Aeo/ei?inueei? (18831988), iaeiae oe? ?aiee aeaui
caoaeothoueny, eiee iiaa eaea i?i ?? oai?/o ae?yeuei?noue (19031978) ?
ciiao ci?iththoueny, eiee aiae?co?oueny iaienaia i?i ienueiaiieoeth
(19111998).

Ia’?eoii aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aeeooy, oai?/?noue
caneoaeaii?, aea aeinoaoiuei ia aea/aii? ienueiaiieoe?
I. Aeo/ei?inueei?.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy — ao?eaooeea iiac??, aeai?iaa ? oaiaoe/ia
??ciiiai?oi?noue i?ice, i?iaeaie e?oa?aoo?ii-ioae?oeenoe/ii?,
ai?noiey?ii? niaaeueie I. Aeo/ei?inueei?.

O ?iaio? aeei?enoaii ?yae iaoeiaeo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy e?oa?aoo?ieo
yaeu: a?ia?ao?/iee, oeiieia?/iee, ii??aiyeueiee, ?noi?eei-aaiaoe/iee,
aeaea?aeiciaa/ee, iieniaee, ?ao?iniaeoeaiee, eiiieaenii-nenoaiiee,
aa?iaiaaoe/iee.

Ae??ooth/e iinoaaeai? o aeena?oaoe?? caaaeaiiy, aaoi? a?aoiaoaaa
aaaeeea? a eiioeaiooaeueiiio oa iaoiaeieia?/iiio ieai? ?ica?aeee ?yaeo
a/aieo, cie?aia A. A?thoiaaoeueeiai, A. Aooi?ia, E. Aeaionueeiai,
E. A?icao?a, O. Aoiaei?iai?, ?. Aeaienthea, TH. Aeia?ia,
I. AEoeeinueeiai, I. ?eueieoeueeiai, A. Ea/eaia, A. Eiiiiaiea,
A. Iaea?iaa, E. I?uaiei, O. Iia?aaaiieea, O. Naeeae, iaoa??aee
iaa/aeueieo i?ae?o/iee?a ? iin?aiee?a c ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e
OO noie?ooy, e?oa?aoo?iciaa/eo neiaiee?a-aeia?aeiee?a, aioeeeeiiaae?e,
e?oa?aoo?ieo aeeneon?e, oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? aeniiaee ?
ocaaaeueiaiiy yeeo iaee aieea ia ni?yioaaiiy aiae?co, inieneaiiy oa
oi?ioaaiiy i?eioeeiiaeo iieiaeaiue aeena?oaoe??.

Aeaea?aeueia aaca. Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aecia/eee ??
aeaea?aeueio aaco: a?aeii? eieaeeia? aeaeaiiy, a oaeiae aacaoi? oa
aeo?iaeuei? ioae?eaoe??, ye? aeyaeyeenue iinoi??ieiaei eenoeoaaiiyi,
ai?noiey?i? iaoa??aee.

Aeena?oaio ii?aoethaaa iaoa??aee ?inoeoooo e?oa?aoo?e ?i. O. Oaa/aiea
IAI Oe?a?ie a i. Ee?a?, Oeaio?aeueiiai aea?aeaaiiai ?noi?e/iiai a?o?ao
Oe?a?ie o Eueaia?, Aea?aeaaiiai a?o?ao ?aaii-O?aie?anueei? iaeano?,
Aea?aeaaiiai a?o?ao Euea?anueei? iaeano?, ?inoeoooo ia?iaeiciaanoaa
?i. ?. E?ei’yeaae/a IAI Oe?a?ie o Eueaia?, a?aeae?eo ?oeiien?a
Euea?anueei? iaoeiai? a?ae?ioaee ?i. A. Noaoaieea IAI Oe?a?ie,
Oi?aae?iiy Neoaeae aaciaee Oe?a?ie ii Euea?anuee?e iaeano?,
E?oa?aoo?ii-iaii??aeueii? e?iiaoe Iaoae?? Eia?einueei? (i. Aieao?a
?aaii-O?aie?anueei? iaeano?), Oeaiyanueeiai ia?iaeiiai
?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/iai iocath (n. Oeaiyaa ?iaeiyo?anueeiai ?aeiio
?aaii-O?aie?anueei? iae.), i?eaaoi? a?o?ae Ie?ineaae Aioiiiae/
(i. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee), Iao?a A?naie/a (i. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee), Aiaaeaia
Aaa?ee?aa (i. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee), Ineie Eo/ei (i. Eaeoo
?aaii-O?aie?anueei? iaeano?), Ieeiee Iaoa?e/oea (Ae?iaiaeoeueeee
iaaeaaia?/iee ?oi?aa?neoao ?i. ?. O?aiea), ?aaia Ieaoea (EIA IAI
Oe?a?ie), ?aaiie I?aeeonueei? (i. Oeniaieoey ?aaii-O?aie?anueei?
iaeano?), Oaaei?a Iia?aaaiieea (I. Ee?a), Aieiaeeie?a Iie?ea
(i. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee), a yeeo i?noeoueny a caaaeueiiio iiiaae
230 aaoia?ao?a I. Aeo/ei?inueei?.

Aaaeeeaeie aeaea?aeaie aeey iaienaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aoee ia??iaee/i?
aeaeaiiy XX noie?ooy, ui ciaoiaeyoueny o a?aeae?eao Oeaio?aeueii?
iaoeiai? a?ae?ioaee ?i. A. Aa?iaaenueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie, Euea?anueei?
iaoeiai? a?ae?ioaee ?i. A. Noaoaieea IAI Oe?a?ie, a?ae?ioaeao ?iicaiii?
e?oa?aoo?e i. Eueaiaa oa i. ?aaii-O?aie?anueea, a?ae?ioaeao oiaa?enoa
“I?ina?oa”, Nithco Oe?a?iie, oe?a?i?ee I?eea?iaonueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo
?i. A. Noaoaieea, a?aeae?e? e?a?ciaanoaa ?aaii-O?aie?anueei? aea?aeaaii?
iaeanii? oi?aa?naeueii? a?ae?ioaee ?i. ?. O?aiea, aeieoiaioe ? iaoa??aee
ioca?a i. ?aaii-O?aie?anueea. Aeei?enoiaoaaeanue e?oa?aoo?a, aeaeaia a
ae?anii??.

O noai?aii? ?aaeueiiai ii?o?aoa I. Aeo/ei?inueei? aeiiiiiaee oni?
niiaaaee ienueiaiiee?a Ieaenaiae?e Ao?aoee-Uo?ao, ?iiaia Ai?aea,
a?ae?ia?aoa Ie?ineaaa Ii?ica, aoiia?aoa Eaoa?eie Iaoaeei, aeoiaaoaeueee
Ie?ineaae Aioiiiae/ oa aaaaoueio ?ioeo.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe. O aeine?aeaeaii? aia?oa c?iaeaii
niaoe?aeueio ni?iao noai?aiiy ii??aiyii iiaii? ? iaeoi/i?oi? a?ia?ao??
I. Aeo/ei?inueei?, aiae?co oai?/i? niaaeueie ienueiaiieoe?.

Eiie?aoi? aeaiaioe iaoeiai? iiaecie aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
aecia/athoueny oei, ui a iueiio:

— c?iaeaia ia?oa ni?iaa aeyaeaiiy oai?/iai aei?iaeo I. Aeo/ei?inueei?
oeyoii a?aeooeoaaiiy ?? niaaeueie ye a a?o?aao, oae ? a ia??iaeeoe? ca
1903-1998 ?iee;

— nenoaiaoeciaaia e?eoe/ia e?oa?aoo?a i?i ienueiaiieoeth a?ae 1911 ?ieo
ii 1998 ??e;

— oeeaaeaii iieaae/ee ae?oeiaaieo iaoa??ae?a oa aaoia?ao?a
I. Aeo/ei?inueei? ? ioae?eaoe?e i?i ia?;

— c?iaeaia ni?iaa nenoaiaoecoaaoe oai?/o niaaeueio I. Aeo/ei?inueei? ca
aeai?iaeie iciaeaie;

— cae?eniaii oaenooaeueiee ? eiioaenooaeueiee aiae?c iiaoe/ii?, i?iciai?
? e?oa?aoo?ii-ioae?oeenoe/ii? niaaeueie ienueiaiieoe?;

— aecia/aii oa?aeoa?i? iniaeeaino? ?? oai?/iai noeeth;

— c aeei?enoaiiyi an?o iayaieo ? a?aeooeaieo ia iei? aeaea?ae, niiaaae?a
?? no/aniee?a c?iaeaia ni?iaa yeiaeiiai?oa aena?oeeoe aeeooy ?
oai?/?noue I. Aeo/ei?inueei?;

— i?inoaaeothoueny aca?iinoinoiee I. Aeo/ei?inueei? c oe?a?inueeeie ?
ca?oa?aeieie ooaeiaeieeaie neiaa;

— aaaaeaii a iaoeiaee ia?a cia/io e?euee?noue iaoa??ae?a, aeieoiaio?a,
iiaeo oai??a I. Aeo/ei?inueei? (iiaoe/ieo — 54, i?iciaeo — 8, noaoae —
aeecueei 100, eeno?a — iiiaae 120), ye? ?ai?oa ia aeei?enoiaoaaeeny o
a?o/eciyi?e e?oa?aoo?iciaa/?e iaooe?.

O ?iaio? e??cue i?ecio iaei??? ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? ienueiaiieoeueei? aeie?
iieacaii aeaye? a?ai? e?oa?aoo?iiai i?ioeano OO no. a Aaee/ei?.

Oaeei /eiii, iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa? ye a iinoaiiaoe? i?iaeai, oae ? a
i?aeoiae? aei ?o ae??oaiiy. Ana oea ?iaeeinue o cia/i?e i??? aia?oa.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? ianaiia?aae a oiio, ui aiii
iiaea i?eneoaeeoeny aeey aeaeueoiai aea/aiiy aeeooy ? oai?/ino?
I. Aeo/ei?inueei?, oaeeo noi??i ?? ae?yeueiino? ye oieueeei?enoa,
aoiia?aoa, iaaeaaiaa, ioae?oeenoa, oai?i?noee. Aeaia ?ica?aeea iiaea
ni?eyoe e iiaeaeueoiio aea/aiith ienoaoeueeiai ioi/aiiy ienueiaiieoe?,
oe?ieeo ? ??ciiiai?oieo ?? ca’yce?a c no/anieeaie, /anoi aeaeaoieie, ye?
aeciaaaee, oe?ioaaee e oaioaaee oeth oai?/o ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?noue.

Iaoa??aee ? aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iiaeooue aeiiiiiaoe i?e
i?aeaioiaoe? i?ae?o/iee?a ? iin?aiee?a c ?noi??? oe?a?inueei?
e?oa?aoo?e, eoeueoo?e, ienoaoeoaa, aeeeaaeaii? eaeoe?eieo ?
niaoe?aeueieo eo?n?a c ?noi??? oa oai??? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e, c
?ioeo aoiai?oa?ieo i?iaeai, iai?eeeaae, iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeoiaaiiy ?
o. ae.

Oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae aeine?aeaeaiiy oaeiae iiaea aooe canoiniaaiee o
e?a?ciaa/?e, ia?iaeiciaa/?e, oieueeei?enoe/i?e ?iaio?.

Aeyaeai? oai?e I. Aeo/ei?inueei? iiaeooue aooe oaeiae aeei?enoai? i?e
i?aeaioiaoe? a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo oa ?ioiai oeio aeia?aeeiaeo aeaeaiue, i?e
oeeaaeaii? aioieia?? oe?a?inueei? iiac?? oa i?ice, o aoc?anueeiio
aeeeaaeaii? eo?no iaoe?iiaeueiiai ienueiainoaa OO noie?ooy, i?e
iaienaii? eo?niaeo oa aeeieiiieo ?ia?o.

Ai?iaaoe?y iniiaieo iieiaeaiue ? aeniiae?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai?
oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy ? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee ii?eethaeiaii?
oa iaaiai?thaaeeny ia ca?oieo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo eaoaae?e
oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e I?eea?iaonueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. A. Noaoaieea
ai?iaeiaae 1994-1998 ??., ia nai?ia?ao ? can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?
aoiai?oa?ieo iaoe, ?noi??? oa oe?a?iiciaanoaa ?aaii-O?aie?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo iaooe ? aaco (?OAeOOIAo) i?ioyaii
1993-1998 ??., ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai
neeaaeo ?OAeOOIAo (i. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998 ??.), ia
?aa?iiaeueieo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie
iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeoiaaiiy nooaeaionueei? iieiae?” (i. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee,
2223 a?oaeiy 1994 ?.), “?aai O?aiei oa iaoe?iiaeueia ? aeooiaia
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy Oe?a?ie” (i. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1920 aa?aniy 1996 ?.), ia
Anaoe?a?inueeeo iaoeiai-oai?aoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo “Oe?a?inueea iiaa ye
/eiiee oi?ioaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? na?aeiiino?” (i. Euea?a, 23 aa?aciy
1995 ?.), “Ieoaeei Ae?aaiiaiia: aeiaa oa ?aea?” (i. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee,
1516 aa?aniy 1995 ?.), “Oe?a?inueea ia??iaeeea: ?noi??y ? no/ani?noue
(Euea?a, 2223 a?oaeiy 1995 ?.), i?ae /an /eoaiiy eaeoe?e ? i?iaaaeaiiy
aeoiaieo caoiae?a a ?aaii-O?aie?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio
oi?aa?neoao? iaooe ? aaco.

Aeena?oaio aeaeaa iiaoe/io ca??eo I. Aeo/ei?inueei? “*oth…iieeoao
Caie?” Aeo/ei?inueea I. *oth… iieeoao Caie?: Iiac?? / Oii?yae. e aaoi?
anooi. noaoo? oa i?ei?o. A. Iaoiiia. – ?aaii-O?aie?anuee: Aaee/eia,
1996. – 117 n., eoaee aa?eoei 86 iiaoe/ieo oai??a, c ieo 50 iioae?eiaaii
c a?aeiaeaeaieo aaoia?ao?a ? 42 — iaae?oeiaaii aia?oa.

O oe?eiio aeena?oaio oia?oa iioae?eoaaa 54 iiaoe/i? oai?e ? 1 iiaaeo
I. Aeo/ei?inueei?, a oaeiae 26 ioae?eaoe?e, i?enay/aieo ienueiaiieoe?
(aea? c ieo o ni?aaaoi?noa?).

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, aeeeaaeaieo
ia 219 noi??ieao, c ieo — 180 noi??iie iniiaiiai oaenoo. Iiaiee ianya
aeena?oaoe?? – 180 noi??iie. Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ia? 759
iaeiaioaaiue, o oiio /ene? 611 – noino?oueny I. Aeo/ei?inueei?. Na?aae
ieo 7 iaca neeaaeathoue ?? ie?ai? aeaeaiiy, 167 ? 14 (a?iioaoe/ii) –
ioae?eaoe?? a ia??iaeeoe?, 238 iaoa??ae?a — a?o?ai? aeaea?aea, c ieo 234
aaoia?aoe oai??a ? eeno?a ienueiaiieoe?. 185 iaeiaioaaiue neeaaeathoue
ioae?eaoe?? i?i I. Aeo/ei?inueeo.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe??.

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue, iaoeiao iiaecio ? i?aeoe/ia
cia/aiiy oaie aeena?oaoe??, i?iaiae?ciaaii noai ?? iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee,
aeaia oa?aeoa?enoeea aeaea?aeueii? aace aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/ai?
o?iiieia?/i? ?aiee, ia’?eo, i?aaeiao, iaoo ? iniiai? caaaeaiiy.

*a?ac iaeaea oe?eeiaeoo a?aenooi?noue neioaoe/ieo, a oei a?eueoa,
ia’?eoeaieo iaoa??ae?a i?i aeeooy ? oai?/?noue I. Aeo/ei?inueei?, a
oaeiae /a?ac iaiaaeai? ?aiee aeena?oaoe??, naia o anooi? aac aeeneon??,
aea c eiie?aoieie iineeaiiyie ia aeaea?aea, iiaeaii iniiai? a?oe ??
aeeoo?ieno, oai?/i? ae?yeueiino? oa aeacaii ia iioae?eiaai? iaoa??aee
i?i ia?.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Ooaeiaeiy ao?eaooeea e??eee Ieueae Aeo/ei?inueei?”
i?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iiaoe/ia niaaeueia ienueiaiieoe?: aaiaca,
/an noai?aiiy iaeaea eiaeiiai ia iei? a?aeiiiai iiaoe/iiai oai?o,
?icaeyaeathoueny ?oi? iaeoa?aeoa?i?o? iniaeeaino?.

sse ieoaoeue Ieueaa Aeo/ei?inueea oi?ioaaeany c thieo e?o. O 12 ?ie?a
iiciaeiieeany c ?. O?aieii, yeee iaa ia ia? aaeeeee aieea. Ienaoe a??o?
ii/aea c ainueiiai eeano, iaeiae ?? ia?o? iiaoe/i? ni?iae ia caa?aaeeny.
Oiae? ae caoiieeany oai?/?noth I. Eiaeeyinueei?, c yeith c 1927 ?ieo
i?eyoaethaaea. Ua ?ai?oa, c 1906 ?ieo, caoiaa?eooaaea c
I. Eia?einueeith, yeo iaceaaea “i?eyoaeueeith aeooa iiai ? ii?th
aeooiaiith Iaiueeith”. sse ? aiie, caoiieeanue oai?i?noe/ieie ?aeayie.

Ia ooaeiaei? ieneaiiy iieiaei? I. Aeo/ei?inueei?, ca ?? ae
oaa?aeaeaiiyie, aieea oaeiae iaee Ieaoii, A?eai??e Neiai?iaea, Ieeiea
Aiaieue, Oa?an Oaa/aiei, Eaa Oienoie, Aai??e ?anai, O??ae??o I?oeoa,
THoai No??iaa?a, Aiae??e *aeeianueeee, Aieiaeeie? Ianeye, Noaoai
AEa?iinueeee, Aaaoaiaae E?einueeee, Eany Oe?a?iea ? “iieiaeiioc?aoe?”,
yeeo iaeaea an?o ciaea iniaenoi. Oi?ioaaei ?? ye ieooey ana, /ei aiia
caoiiethaaeanue.

O e?oa?aoo?o I. Aeo/ei?inueeo aa?a ?. O?aiei (ia ciath/e i?i oea, ai
i?aeienaeany inaaaeii?iii ??ia Inoai?aia), iaae?oeoaaaoe ?? a??o?
“Iine?aei? caoee” (1905) oa “??ii?y aeie?” (1906) a?aeiia?aeii o aacao?
“Ae?ei” ? “E?oa?aoo?ii-iaoeiaiio a?nieeo”.

Ia iniia? na?ae/aiue naii? ienueiaiieoe? i?i oa, ui an? ?? oai?e iaee
aeo?aeio aeeoo?ao ?aaeuei?noue, ?? aeinoia??ii? a?ia?ao??, o
aeena?oaoe?? ii-?ioiio, i?ae ?icaeyaeaeiny ?ai?oa, o?aeoo?oueny ??
oai?/?noue, cie?aia ? iiaoe/ia.

Aiaeiia ia ieii iiaoe/ia niaaeueia I. Aeo/eiiinueei? ioiieth? 92 oai?e,
na?aae ieo o?e iiaie (“Aiaaia”, “Oa?aeia neioii?y”, “Iiee?i aaeee?e
Iiaoan?”) i iaeei noeaia?ie (“*a?aiio aiai?eoue”). Oni aiie aieueoith /e
iaioith ii?ith ?icaeyaeathoueny o aeaiie i?aoei.

O iiaoe/iie oai?/inoi I. Aeo/eiiinueei? iiaeia /ioei aeaeieeoe o?e
ia?iiaee, yei, ia aeaeue, aecia/aeeny ia naiith iiaoanith, a aaaeeeie
ianoaaeiaie ?? aeeooy.

Ia?oee ia?iiae (1904-1928 ??.), eiee aoea iioaeieiaaia cai?i/ea c 15e
iiacie “Eeoeoey iacaaoaeueeia” I?ie Inoaiiaie ? o?noue iiacie, yei ia
aaieoee aei cai?ee. “Eeoeoey iacaaoaeueeia” io?eiaea noaaeueii aiaeaoee
iiaaaeieo e?eoeeia: N. *a?iaoeueeiai, I. Eia?einueei?,
?. Ia/oy-Eaaeoeueeiai, I. Eiaaeaiea, ?. THueoeia. C i?eaiaeo iiyae
ca??ee eenoe-i?ea?oaiiy I. Aeo/ei?inuee?e iaienaee I. Eiaeeyinueea,
O?enoy Ae/aanueea, Aaiia Aa?a?iie, Oeyia E?aa/aiei. Ia anio iiaciyo
oeueiai, ye ? ianooiieo ia?iiaeia, aiae/ooiee aieea i?aaenoaaieeia
“Iieiaei? Ioce”, c yeeie iia’ycaia iioe?aiiy ?aeae iiaea?i?cio a
Oe?a?i?. Iaeiae I. Aeo/eiiinueea, ia?iaeei aeei?enoiaoth/e “noiii
ia?ace” “iieiaeiiociaoeia”, oai?eea naith iiacith, o aieueoinoi
aeiaaeeia cianii i?ioeeaaeio ca iano?i?i, iaaei?iinoth, oiiaeueiinoth,
niiaiaio iioeiicio. Aeena?oaio oea aeiaiaeeoue, ii??aithth/e iioeae noio
iiac?e A. Eaieiai, I. Ea?iainueeiai, I. Aeo/ei?inueei?. ?? ai?oi
?aeue?oii aiaeaeaaee noai aeooi iiaoane. ?o oaiaoeea ?iciiiaiioia, aea
aiie ia’?aeiaii a eeoeoeth, nooeaiooy ethaiai: ethaiai aei aeeoeie
(“Oiae? niioea caoiaeeei…”, “Eeeoanue, neueice, eeeoanue”, “Aei Ioce”,
“ss oae ooaeo”), aei iaoa?i (“Iaeaei?iae/?e iaiueoe?”, “I?aeo, iaia,
iiaoeyoe”), aei i?e?iaee (“Eano?aea”, “sse caoea?oooue nei? ea?oe”,
“Ceia”), aei ?iaeiiai ia?iaeo (“ Ethaeth”, “ss c oaeiai e?ath”), aei
Oe?a?ie (“Eaaaaeeia i?niy (Oe?a?inueeei ai?oeyi)”. *eoa/a a?aaeaea
iacae/iinoue, ia?aaeienaeueiinoue, iaeiai/iinoue oiai, ui aiaeaoaaeiny o
iiaci?, ianoiiniinoue, i?ioeeaaeiinoue ia?acia, i?eaaaethaaea aioo?ioiy
ioceea, iaeiaeieiinoue ai?oia, yei iiaeia aoei niiaaoe. Aiie aieeaaee ia
aeooo, aoee a ii?o aeo?eeaeie, anaeyee iaaeith. O ieo aiae/oaaeiny
aeaea?aei ia?iaeiiai aiino ? iiaeia, a?aceeaa na?oea aaoi?ee, caa?iaia c
ethaia’th aei ethaeae. Ia “iieiaeiiocianueeee” noi, a aieue, a caiaeii
ooaa ca iiia?eeie neiaie, oyaa? ia na?oei (yei ia iieeoaoue ?? aeooo
iieiee) i?iiecothoue cai?eo “Eeoeoey iacaaoaeeia”.

Ae?oaee ia?iiae, yeee ie oiiaii iacaaee “iaaieueieoeueea iiaciy”
(ioiieth? 36 oai?ia ca 19491958 ??.), iiaeiey?oueny ia iiaeia?iiaee:
“oth?aiiee” (19491951 ??.) ? “neai?nueeee” (19511958 ??.), ye?
i?aaenoaaeaii aiaeiiaiaeii 15 ? 21 iiaoe/ieie oai?aie. Oaea a oeueiio
iiaeiei caeeaaeaia ?o iniiaia oaiaoe/ia iniaeeainoue. O oth?aiieo oai?ao
aaoi?ea ia?aaea? noai, “o?iiieiaith” aeooi ei?e/ii? aa?i?ii, aeoaea
aeecueeeo aei iano?ith naii? ienueiaiieoei o oi iaeaaei aeey ia? /ane.
Ooo ? ?icaeoie i?i aeieth ? ?? oaoaeueiinoue (“Aiea ?iaea”), ia?iioo
oth?aiieo aeiia (“Ia e?/o”), naiioiinoue (“O?ano”), i?i ethaenueeo
iani?aaaaeeeainoue (“Ie iinii, iinii”, “Ia?aeioeiiea”), oyaeea aeeooy
oa’yciaii? (“Aania 1950”, “Aiaaia”), aaee/ ethaeeie (“Ethaeeia, ye
aeiaiaio”), ai?a o iaeaooi? (“AEo?aaei”).

Iioea ooae ca Oe?a?iith i?iieco? “neai?nueeo” iiacith, aeaea?aeii
noai?aiiy yei? aoea noai?a ?aaeueiinoue, “ia?aieaaeaia” /a?ac aeooo
I. Aeo/eiiinueei?. sse ? a oth?ii, oae ? a Neai?o, aiia noai?eea naie,
a?aei?iiee aiae ?aaeueiiai naio, aeeea aiaeii/an o o?ueio /aniaeo
aeii?ao: no/aniiio, ieioeiio ? iaeaooiueiio aai ae o aei?noieie
?aaeueiinoi (“Iie ia?oee ai?o ia Neai?o”, “Oa?aeia neioiiiy”,
“Neai?nueea aania”, “Ia o?iiueoa no?oie na?oey iieiai…”, “E?ooi?iai
noaaeee”, “Iaaeooue ?ine niooeo o iith aeoio”), o oaieicaaaeoaaiiio
ieioeiio (“*e oyieo oe oeae iae”), oaoaii?aaiiiio iaeaooiueiio (“Aeoia”,
“Ii?e iaooni”, “Uaneeaa ii nia?oi”, “Iiaaaeaiiy”, “Ii?aae”). Iaeaea
eiaeia “neai?nueea” iiaciy i?ieiyoa ai?ith o “aine?anio aeieio” i ui
“ceiaa i?iiaaea”.

Cae/aeii, ui iiaci? ae?oaiai ia?iiaeo ? aiaeii/an ocaaaeueiaiei ia?aciei
aiaeaeoeii oiai, ui aiaeaoaaeiny o aeooao a’yciia, c yeeie niieeoaaeany
ienueiaiieoey, a oiio noaaaee “?oiiie” ai?oaie, ia?iaeei
ia?aoai?thaaeenue o iinii.

O?aoie, inoaiiie ia?iiae iiaoe/ii? oai?/inoi I. Aeo/eiiinueei? ioiieth?
35 iiaoe/ieo oai??a, iaienaieo o 60-80-o? ?iee. Ca ?aeaeii-oaiaoe/iei
aaaaonoaii aii iae??ciiiai?oi?oee. Ooo ? iiaci?, i?ieiyoi ?aaeinoth
iiaa?iaiiy ia ?iaeio caieth (“O ian oaia? aeoaea aa?ii”, “Eueaianueei
eaooaie”, “Ia ?iaeiie caiei”, “Aaniyia ooaa”), iano?i?i aaniyiiai
aine?aniiiy i?e?iaee ? Oe?a?ie (“Ie! ye niiaathoue nieiai?”, “Ia naei”,
“A i?e?iaei”), aicaaee/aiiyi ii? ?ieo (“Aania”, “Eioi”, “Iniiue”,
“Ceia”). Ooo i iiaci?, a yeeo eaeaoueny i?i aa?i?/ia ieioea (“I ae,
iaciaii aa?i?”, “Aieeiue”, “Ae?ocyi”), i?i aaee/ ethaeeie (“Aae aeeooy,
ia eie c iaia, ai y oaaa ia aithnue!”, “Uia aooue aeinoieiei caaiiy
“Ethaeeia”), i?i iacae/aeiinoue i ai/io iieiaeinoue ethaenueei? aeooi
(“Eaaaiaea i?i aeia/eio Eaeith”, “Iaeiiio ae?oaiai iieiaeeo eio”, “Aiii
Niioeth”, “Aei iaia iieiaeinoue i?eeoea o ainoi”, “O?iyiaee oeaioooue ?
a Inaii”), i?i aacei?eneeao iaoa?einueeo ethaia (“Eieenaea iaoe aeiith,
eieeoaea”), i?i neeo neiaa (“Aeooo ie?eeththoue aeoiee”), i?i
i?ecia/aiiy ieooey (“Aa?o naith ne?eieo, aaea?eea ii no?oiao…”,
“*a?aiio aiai?eoue”). ? a o?aoueiio ia?iiaei iiaci?-o?einionuee?
?aoeaeni? i?i oaeaeeiieeiiinoue ? iacai?ioiinoue ethaenueeiai aeeooy
(“Iaaea? eenoy c aea?aa”, “Caoeaiee eeie”), ai?oi-aioaiiy ?
ai?oi-iiaeyee (“Aoii? ia caei?ia’y”, “E?eeaoo aeoieo iineeath”, “Ii?e
iiieoioei Neaaoei A.”, “I?eaio Aeiii?iai oea Iieoooy”) ai?oi i?i eii/eio
ae?ocia (“Nei?aioia aeoia”).

I. Aeo/ei?inueea aeaa? i?i aaoii?eo iiae iiaoe/ieo oai??a, canoiniaoth/e
caoeiiane?aeoaaiiy, aniiain, ae?oa?aoe?th, aeei?enoiao? neioaene/i?
iiaoi?e (aiaoi?o, ai?oi?o), ?ao?ai, ?eoi?e/i? (aiino?ioo) ? neioaene/i?
(ia?aeae?ci) o?ao?e, o?iie (iae/ano?oa ai?oaoe, ii??aiyiiy, oiniaeaiiy,
iaoaoi?e, aeaai???, ??ii?th), aioo??oith ?eio.

O oeieiio iiaoe/ii oai?e I. Aeo/eiiinueei? ei?i-aii/ii, o ieo aiaeaeoa,
eaaeo/e neiaaie oai?o ienueiaiieoei, “iiaciy iinaiue ? eacie”.
Iaeaieueoo ieoiio aaao caeiathoue iiaci?, yei noinothoueny “o?iiieiai?
aeooi” ienueiaiieoei, oiaoi noa’?eoeaia ei?eea. Aiaeii/an oei oai?e
aiaeaeaaee noai aeooi ethaeae, yeeo aiia ciaea, a oiio iaaoaaee
caaaeueiiai, oeiiaiai cao/aiiy. Iiaciy I. Aeo/eiiinueei?, ye i?aaeei,
iieioe/ii ia caaiaaaeiaaia, i?ieiyoa iaeayie o?enoeyinueei? ii?aei ?
ethaiai, a oiio ia? anaethaenueea cia/aiiy.

Iaeii/anii iiaoe/ia niaaeueia I. Aeo/ei?inueei? ia??aia, ia iaeiaeiaa ca
e??eciii, ca anoaoe/iei iaaaioaaeaiiyi. Iaea?eueo a?aaeath/? ii?ooe
aeoo? a?aeaeo? o iiac?yo ia?oiai ia??iaeo, ye? aa?eoee o ca??eo “Eeoeoey
iacaaoaeuee?a”. ? ia??aeei ? ni?aaaei? e??e/i? ia?eeie ? na?aae a??o?a
ae?oaiai ? o?aoueiai ia??iae?a (“A?ea ?iaea”, “Ia?aeioeiiea”, “sse
niioea anoaia, ia Oe?a?i? caa?athoue aecaiie”, “Ia ??aei?e caie?”. “Ie!
ye ni?aathoue nieia??”, “Eieenaea iaoe aeiith, eieeoaea…”), iaeiae
iiaoana ?iiae? “nei/o?oueny” aei i?ica?ci?a, iiaoi?th? ie?ai? ia?ace ?
?eie, ye? iiaeaeoaee noathoue eaieeie ? aaiaeueieie. Iiaea, i?e/eia
oeueiai iiaoe/iiai niaaeo o ?? a?oe?, iiaea, o oiio, ui oai?eea nai?
a??o? o aeoieao, ai “iai?? caa?aee ? ie?aaoeue”, a aeey iiae?aiiai aeaeo
“oai?/ino?” iaea?eueo i?eeiyoieie aoee i?eeiie oieueeei?iiai a??ooaaiiy,
i?naiiiai eaaeo. A iiaeeeai, ia?aaeath/e ioo no?aoio oth?aiio ?
eiioeoaa??io ae?eni?noue, aiia coienia a?aeeeaeaea ?eio, caniae e?aniiai
ienueia.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “AEai?iaa ? oaiaoe/ia ??ciiiai?oi?noue i?ice Ieueae
Aeo/ei?inueei?” ?ice?eaa?oueny niaoeeo?ea a?aeiieo ia iei? i?iciaeo
oai??a ienueiaiieoe?.

I?ica I. Aeo/eiiinueei? aiaecia/a?oueny aeai?iaei, oaiaoe/iei i
noeeueiaei ?icia?ooyi. Oea ia aeeaii, ai /an oai?aiiy oei?? i?ice
noaiiaeoue iiiaae niiaeanyo i’youe ?ieia, oiaoi ioiieth? ani eioa?aoo?ii
ia?iiaee oaeiai neeaaeiiai OO noieiooy ia eeoa ca ienoaoeueeeie
iai?yiaie, a e iieioe/ii.

Aaeao?enoe/ia niaaeueia I. Aeo/eiiinueei?, ye i iiaoe/ia, ia iaoo
aeoieo, oiiaii ioiieth? oaae o?e ia?iiaee:

Ia?oee ia?iiae (19031936 ??.) iaeaieueo ieiaeiee (27 oai?ia) i iaeaieueo
yne?aaee ca ienoaoeueeith iaeio?ith.

Ae?oaee ia?iiae i?aaenoaaeaiee iaeii?th iiainoth “Aoi” (1945 ?.).

O?aoie ia?iiae (19601973 ??.) i?acaioo?oueny eieueeiia i?iciaeie
iiiiaoth?aie (“Eaaaiaea eioiuei? ii/i”, “?iaeeiee e?ath”, “O
Nayoiieeiea?anueeee aa/i?”, “Eacea i?i aeai e?aieeie ?ine”), yei
canaiae/eee, ui iiaeeaiaeoaeueiee noeeue ienueiaiieoei caa?iaaany a
iniiaiiio iaciiiiei.

?. Ai?ae, oa?aeoa?ecoth/e oai?/inoue I. Aeo/eiiinueei? ienaa: “I?ica
[…] i?ae?ania. Iniaeeai iiaaee. Aeeneo/i, a ia i?ae?anii. Ui ia iiaaea
— oi oaaeaa?” Ai?ae ?. Oa?iieoe? ??eie A?eueaea//Aeca?i. – 1995. — ? 7.
– N. 110..

I. Aeo/eiiinueea iaea nai???aeia ooaeiaei? ieneaiiy, oai?eea naie
ienoaoeueeee naio, ui iaeaieueo yne?aai aeaeii naia ia i?eeeaaei ??
i?ice. Iiney iiiaiaeaiue “A noaei” i “Oaea aaea aeiey” ienueiaiieoey
iiaea? ooi/iaiiy — c “Eieae aeeooy”, a iiney iiiaiaeaiiy “Iaeo?aia” — c
oeeeeo “AEiii/a oea?noai”. Ia?oee oeeee, ia iao iiaeyae, iiaeia
aeiiiaieoe ye iiiiioi iiiaiaeaiiyie “O?aiaioaee o?aiaioe” i “Nia?oue
Aaneeueea”, a ae?oaee — oeieei ?yaeii oai?ia: “Eacea ai?nueei? ?i/ee”,
“Iaoe”, “Aaaony”, “Ii ?aiiio ?inao”, “Caooiiee e?eea”. I.Aeo/ei?inueea
oai?/i neioacoaaea o?aaeeoe?? oa iiaaoe?? oai?i?noe/ii? e?oa?aoo?e. ??
oai?e ii-?ioiio a?aeia?aaeaee noaiiaeua ? i?ecia/aiiy ae?iee. Aiie ia
eeeeaee aei ci?ie noni?eueiiai eaaeo, aea iaiia noaaeee ieoaiiy, /iio
oaea noaiiaeua ae?iee? Aa?i?i? ?? oai??a — cae/aei? ae?iee, ye? ia
ai?thoueny i?ioe naiai noaiiaeua, oi/a aeneiaeththoue na?e i?ioano i?ioe
oeueiai, a iniiaiiio, a aeoieao, c??aeea a neiaao, aea ia a ae??. sseui
o e?oa?aoo?ii-ioae?oeenoe/ieo noaooyo ienueiaiieoey iieaco? ia?ace
neeueieo ae?iie “oeio AEaiie ae’A?e” (ii/eiath/e a?ae eiyaei? Ieueae ?
aei nai?o no/anieoeue (I.Eia?einueei?, I.Eiaeeyinueei?), oi/a oea
i?iaeaiiino?oaaoe, i?aaaea, aeaeea?aoeaii a iiac?? a ia?ac? Ean?
Oe?a?iee (iiaia “Iiee?i aaeee?e Iiaoan?”), oi o i?ic? ?? ae?iee
“cae/aei?” ae?oaeeie, iaie, aaaon?.

?aaeinoe/ieie niiaaaeaie-?aoeaeniyie ? iiainoue “Aaniyii aeii” e
iiiaiaeaiiy “?iaeeiee e?ath”. Aei ieo /anoeiai oyaeithoue iiainoue
“Aoi”, iiaaea “Aiaeia Oaiy” ? iiia?aeaiiy “?icaeayia eacea”, “Eacea
ai?nueei? ?i/ee”. Aa?i? I. Aeo/ei?inueei? aeoaea i?ino?, aiie c
iianyeaeaiiiai aeeooy, aea aaee/i? nai?th iaaeiaeiith a?aiae?ici?noth.
Oea iio?i iiyaeoueny a TH. ssiianueeiai, a ua yne?aa?oa a
I. Aeiaaeaiea, a eiai “Ca/a?iaai?e Aeani?”, aea an? ia?niiaae? iaiia
aiae. Oeth aaee/ nai?o aa?i?a ienueiaiieoey i?aee?aneth? ue?ith
ethaia’th aei ieo, ui aeinyaa?oueny ??cieie ooaeiaei?ie caniaaie,
ia??aeei aoi?enoe/ieie a?aenooiaie. ?? ia?niiaae? iaiiaae anei?ethaaeeny
a iaeiiai aa?iy I. Aeo/ei?inueei? – Ethaeeio. Oa?aeoa? aa?i?a
?ice?eaa?oueny /a?ac aioo??oi?e na?o, aioo??oi?e iiiieia.

Iacaaaeath/e ia anth eioa?aoo?io cia/eiinoue iacaaieo aeua oai?ia, o
eiaeiiio c yeeo aiae/ooii i?inoaaeothoueny iciaee iiaea?iicio a ?icieo
eiai i?iyaao, ia aiie, ia iao iiaeyae, noaiiaeyoue nooiinoue, aeii?iaioo
?? ooaeiaeiueiai ieneaiiy. A naia oai?e, iacae yeeo aaea aiai?youe, ui
aiie c naioo ienoaoeueeiai, iiaea?iinonueeiai, i??aaeueiiai,
neiaieinonueeiai (“Warum?”, “Iaey?”, “Iaaea? niia”, “O?enoin i iiao”,
“Niiaa/ea”, “Aaeeeiaeiy eaaaiaea”, “Iaethaiaii eenoe”, “Ooaa iiaoa”,
“Eacea i?i aeai e?aieeie ?ine”). Ieooe?, ca I. Aeo/ei?inueeith, – oea
ianooiieee Aiaa ia caie?. “Neiaieici a oe?a?inueeie eioa?aoo?i iaeia?oa
oi?eiaoueny i?ice” Naeeaa O. “Aai n?/ ?aea! E?anai iae oea?oa…”//Aeca?i.
– 1990. — ? 6. – N. 135., — iaaieinea O. Naeeaa, iaceaath/e ye i?eeeaaee
oai?e noa?oeo i?eyoaeia I. Aeo/eiiinueei? — I. Eiaeeyinueei?,
A. Noaoaieea, I. ssoeeiaa. Ia iao iiaeyae, neiaieici oi?eioany iaeaea
iaeii/anii i iiaci?, i i?ice aeine?aeaeoaaii? aaoi?ee.

I. Aeo/ei?inueea iino?eii i?aaioea inyaiooe oa?iieoeth ienoaoeoaa,
i?iieeiooe a nooue oai?/ino? i?eyoae?a-e?oa?aoi??a, yeei niaoe?aeueii
i?enay/oaaea oai?e: a??o “Iaoa i?niy” — I. Een?eaanuee?e, iiaaee
“Aecaiie”, “Noiiee O?enoin” — I. Eiaeeyinuee?e, “Iaey?” — A. Eaieiio,
iiia?aeaiiy “Ia?a?aaia i?niy” — I. Eia?einuee?e, “??caeayia eacea” —
Iaoaeai? Ei?ieaa?e, “O?aia?oaee o?aia?oe” — N. A?ioeaicia?. A a ie?aieo
?? oai?ao oethaeai? ienueiaiieee aenooiathoue aieiaieie aa?iyie, oi/ ia
caaaeaee i?i oea ?ioi?io?oueny: o iiaaeao “Iaaea? ni?a” —
I. Eia?einueea, “Ni?aa/ea” — I. Eiaeeyinueea, “A?aa a ia?eie noiieai?
aeoo?” — I. Eioethaeinueeee, o iiai? “Iiee?i aaeee?e Iiaoan?” — Eany
Oe?a?iea, o noeaia??? “*a?aiio aiai?eoue” ? a “Eaaaiae? e?oiuei? ii/?” —
Ia?ei *a?aioeia. O iiai? “Aiaaia” aaoi?ea aeo/ii ioa?aeoa?ecoaaea 20
ienueiaiiee?a, e?oa?aoo?iciaaoe?a, c yeeie oai?eea ie?/-i-ie?/ o
1945-1949 ??.

Ienueiaiieoey aeeea o nai?io i??aaeueiiio naioi i aiaeoai?thaaea eiai ia
ienueii, ca ?? neiaaie, iaeiiio c iaeaieueoeo /oae naioa. Aiia /oea caoe
eieuei??a ? aa/eea eie?? oaiioo.

Oaia??e ?? oai??a ia iaaeoi oe?ieee, yeui a?aoe iniiai? iioeae. A?i
noino?oueny, ianaiia?aae, a?ae?eieo oai (“O?enoin ?iaeeany”, “Aaeeeiaeiy
eaaaiaea”, “Noiiee O?enoin”, “Iiaeai?nueea Iaaeiiia”), ethaiai aei
Oe?a?ie (“?icaeayia eacea”, “?iaeeiee e?ath”, “Aaniyii aeii”),
canoaeaeaiiy ai?i (“Warum?”, “Aecaiie”, “Ao?”), i?ecia/aiiy ieooey
(“O?enoin i iiao”, “Niiaa/ea”, “Iaey?”), “aeiii/eo ieoaiue” (“Iaeo?aia”,
“Caooiiee e?eea”), aeeooy aooeoe?a (“Eacea ai?nueei? ?i/ee”, “Ii ?aiiio
?inao”, “Oaea aaea aeiey”, “O?aiaioaee o?aiaioe”). Aea a ieo noaaeoueny
aaaaoi i?iaeai. Ienueiaiieoey iaiaeii?aciai i?aee?aneth? cae/aei?noue,
no?oi?noue aeeoo?aeo eie?c?e o ii??aiyii? c iacai?ioi?noth aeeooy –
nia?oth (“O noae?”, “Nia?oue Aaneeueea”, “Oaea aaea aeiey”, “Aaniyi?
aei?”, “O?iyiaea”, “O Nayoiieeiea?anueeee aa/??”), iaaieioo? ia
oaiiaeeaiio noaaeaii? aei o?aaeeoe?e, cae/a?a, neiaie?a (“??caeayia
eacea”, “Noiiee O?enoin”, “O?aia?oaee o?aia?oe”). O ?? oai?ao ia??aeei
ia?aie?oathoueny i?iaeaie, i?aeiyo? o ?? ioae?oeenoeoe?. Oea ianaiia?aae
i?iaeaie aeoiaaiiy ? ii?ae? (“A noae?”, “Aaniyi? aei?”, “Nia?oue
Aaneeueea”).

Oai?e I. Aeo/ei?inueei? iiaae ia iathoue ?aea?, ai ienueiaiieoey i? aei
/iai ia caeeeea?, a eeoa cia?aaeo?, ?iiae? iaa?oue aaoi?nueeeie
a?aenooiaie i?aee?aneth? oaoae?ci aeie? (“Eacea a??nueei? ??/ee”, “Oaea
aaea aeiey”), oi/a aiaeii/an noaa?aeaeo?, ui “oea ia icia/a?, uia ?e
[aeie?] ia i?ioenoaaeoeny”. Aieiaia ?aeay ?? oai??a – caeeee aei
o?enoeyinueei? ethaia? i?ae ethaeueie, aeio?eiaiiy i?eioeei?a
o?enoeyinueei? ii?ae?. Oey iniiaia ?aeay o ??cieo oai?ao
o?ainoi?io?oueny ii-?ioiio. ? noa? ?aea?th ethaia? aei Oe?a?ie, aei
aaouee?a, aei o?aaeeoe?e.

A I. Aeo/ei?inueei? aeeooc?y oai, i?iaeai, ?aeae, aeai??a. Aiia
aeei?enoiao? neiaie?/i? iacae (“Aecaiie”, “Iaey?”, “Ni?aa/ea”, “Aaniyi?
aei?”) . O ?aae?noe/ieo oai?ao caaieiaee, ye i?aaeei, ?ice?eaathoue
ciino oai?ia (“A noaei”, “Aiaeia Oaiy”, “Nia?oue Aaneeueea”).

O ienueiaiieoe? iiaae?noe/iee oei aeai?iaiai ieneaiiy, aiia oyaei? aei
“iaei? i?ice” (iiaae, iiiaiaeaiue, eacie, eaaaiae, iiacie a i?ici).
Iaeiae oei aeai?e ia “/enoi”. Iiainoi “Aoi”, “Aaniyii aeii” iaaaeeei ca
?icii?ii, a iiiaiaeaiiy “O?aiaioaee o?aiaioe” — ca aaaaonoaii iiae?e
(cia?aaeaii ana aeeooy aieiaiiai aa?iy), a “Caooi?ee e?eea” — ca
e?euee?noth ia?niiaae?a aeecuee? aei aeai?o iiainoi. Ia?aaaaeathoue
iiaaee-?aoeaen??. O ?? oai?ao i?iiiaey? ooaeiaeiy aeaoaeue.

Aa?i? o aieueoinoi oai?ia aaciiaiii, /ei, iaaooue, aeinyaa?oueny aieueoa
ooaeiaei? ocaaaeueiaiiy; aiie /anoioa aeoiathoue, iiae aiai?youe.
Ienueiaiieoey aena?/o? ia ii?o?ao, a aeooo, aeei?enoiao? ?io?iniaeoe?th
(caaaeee, niiaaaee), ui iaea?eueo yne?aai a?aeaeoi o oai?ao “Aaniyi?
aei?”, “A?aeia Oaiy”, “Warum?”, “Iaeo?aia”, “Ia?a?aaia i?niy”,
“Iaethaiai? eenoe”, “?iaeeiee e?ath”, “O Nayoiieeiea?anueeee aa/??”,
“Eaaaiaea e?oiuei? ii/?”.

Ineoieiai/iee no?oiiiue io?oo? o anueiio: iacai oai?o, oaii, aenaioeaiii
iiaeie, a/eieao aa?i?a, ?o naioini?eeiyooi, naioiaa/aiii, naiiaiaeici.
Aaoi?ea i?enooiy iaeaea o anio oai?ao, ia iaia’yceiai /a?ac ioeiithaaiiy
cia?aaeoaaiiai, a ?aaeoa /a?ac iaaii aoi?enoe/ii aiaenooie. O aaaaoueio
oai?ao a?aeaeoee aaoia?ia?ao?/iee iaoa??ae. Iiaa oai?ia aaaaoa, ia?acia,
yne?aaa; o i?e ? aeaiaioe iieoonueeiai, aooeoeuenueeiai i aieeianueeiai
aeiaeaeoia, yei aeei?enoiaothoueny aeoaea aaeaei aeey noai?aiiy
aiaeiiaiaeiiai iinoeaaiai eiei?eoo. Oai?e I. Aeo/eiiinueei? caeeeeathoue
aei aeio?eiaiiy caaaeueiiethaenueeeo oeiiiinoae, ooaa?aeaeaiiy
aeaai?iaeieo oeieae, anaeythoue iioeiici.

Noeeue aii/ii? niaaeueie I. Aeo/eiiinueei? eaiiaea?iee, neiiaeainiaaiee,
?iiaei iaaeiiiaeaiee, iinoeyie aoi?enoe/iee; ei?e/iee no?oiiiue
ia?aaaaea? iaae aii/iinoth. Ienueiaiieoey – neiaie?no, o ?? oai?ao
a?aee?eoee caeeee aei e?eoa???a Ethaia?, I?aaaee ? E?ane, ye ni?aaaei?o
i?iya?a a?enoie?aoecio aeooo. Iath/e nai? noeeueiaa “iaee//y”, aiia a
eiaeiiio oai?? o??ciiiai?oithaaea eiai. I?ica ?? ei??iiyi ia?aaoaa? o
i?ina?oieoeuee?e e?oa?aoo?? XIX no. c ?? ?aae?ciii, ui a?ae/ooii o
oai?ao “??caeayia eacea”, “ A noae?”, “Nia?oue Aaneeueea”, “Iaoe”,
“Aaaony”, “Oaea aaea aeiey”, /anoeiai o iia?no? “Aaniyi? aei?”, a
aa?o?a’yi nyaa? iiaea?i?nonueei? e?oa?aoo?e 10-40-o ?ie?a XX no.
(“Noiiee O?enoin”, “O?enoin ? iiao”, “Aaeeeiaeiy eaaaiaea”, “Iaaea?
ni?a”, “Iaey?”, “Warum?”, “Aecaiie” oiui). ? oaeee noeeue o ia?
caeeoeoueny aei inoaii?o ?? oai??a, c yeeo aei “ei??iiy” aeeae/?
iiaaee – niiaaaee “?iaeeiee e?ae”, “O Nayoiieeiea?anueeee aa/??”, aei
“aa?o?a’y” — “Eaaaiaea e?oiuei? ii/?”, “Eacea i?i aea? e?aieeie ?ine”.
Ioaea, aiia oai?eea ? a ?one? o?aaeeoe?e, oa?aeoa?ieo aeey aeiae
?. O?aiea, ? a aeon? no/aniee?a (I. Eiaeeyinueei?, A. Noaoaieea), aea
aiaeii/an ? ii-nai?io.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “E?oa?aoo?i? oa noni?eueii-a?iiaaenuee? iiaeyaee
Ieueae Aeo/ei?inueei?” ?ice?eo? ?io? ??ciiiai?oi? a?ai? oai?/iai niaaeeo
ienueiaiieoe?.

I. Aeo/ei?inueea ae?oeoaaeany i?ae ??cieie inaaaeii?iaie ? e?eioii?iaie
o ??cieo aeaeaiiyo: aei Ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie — o /aniienao “Aaeaeiea”
“Aeaaeaia”, “Aecaiie”, “Ae?ei”, “AE?ii/a aeiey”, “AE?ii/a aiey”,
“E?oa?aoo?ii-iaoeiaee a?niee”, “Iaoa”, “Ia?iaeia ni?aaa”, “Iao na?o”,
“Iaae?ey”, “Iiaa oaoa”, “Iiaee /an”, “Iia? oeyoe”, “??aeia oeiea”,
“Naiino?eia aeoiea”, “*an”, “Oeyoe”, o ??ciiiai?oieo aeueiaiaoao ?
ca??ieeao; 1939-1941 ?ie?a — o aeo?iae? “Iaoa no?aia”; i?ae /an
i?iaoeueei? ieoiaoe?? — o aeaeaiiyo “Euea?anuee? a?no?” oa “Iao? aei?”;
1945-1949 ?ie?a — o aeo?iae? “?aaeyinueeee Euea?a” oa aacao? “A?eueia
Oe?a?ia”; o i?neyoaa??iee ia??iae — o eieiieenuee?e aacao? “*a?aiiee
i?aii?”, aa?oaanueeeo aeaeaiiyo: aacao? “Iaoa neiai”, ui??/ieeo
“Oe?a?inueeee eaeaiaea?”.

Aaea ia?oa ?? a?aeiia ia nueiaiaei? noaooy “Eiiiiinia” (1912),
iaae?oeiaaia o eieiieenueeiio /aniien? “I?aii?”, na?ae/eea, ui ??
aaoi?ea noie?iia aeine?aeieoey. Ieoo/e i?i I. Eiiiiiniaa, aiia iaiia
caeeeeaea oe?a?inueeeo ?ioae?aaio?a iaiieaaeea?oa i?aoethaaoe aeey aeaaa
naiai ia?iaeo. Iiae?aiiai i?iecia/aiiy ? noaooy “*ao Ethaeaee Oaeaeue:
Aoiia?ao ? ciaaaoeue Aooeoeueueie” (Iao na?o. — 1925. — ? 1), a ye?e
aaoi?ea caoiieth?oueny aaaaonoaii ienoaoeoaa aooeoe?a, c?a?aiiai o ioca?
Oaeaey, aeneiaeth? aeeaieee aeaeue, ui ioca?i ia oe?eaaeyoueny
oe?a?ioe?, a oi/ooue aeeoieoe iieyee. Noaooath “I?e iiaoo o I?ac?” (Iiaa
oaoa. — 1928. -? 7-8) I. Aeo/ei?inueea ?icii/aea oe?eee oeeee “/anueeeo”
noaoae.

Iaea?eueoa ioae?eaoe?e (a?ey 80) aeyaeaii o “AE?ii/?e aeie?”, aea
ienueiaiieoey i/iethaaea a?aeae?e e?eoeee o 1930-1939 ??. Aei ni?ai?aoe?
c oeei /aniienii I. Aeo/ei?inueea i?eeoea o 1926 ?ioe?, o c??eiio a?oe?
e aeia?a a?aeiia aaeeoeuee?e a?iiaae?. O “AE?ii/?e aeie?” ? ??
aeueiaiaoao aoee ai?uai? i?icia? oai?e I. Aeo/ei?inueei? “O?enoin ?
iiao”, “Noiiee O?enoin”, “Iaeo?aia”, “Ni?a”, “??caeayia eacea”,
“Aaeeeiaeiy eaaaiaea”, “O?enoin ?iaeeany” ? a??o “Iaoa i?niy”.

Aieiae?th/e o?noueia iiaaie – oe?a?inueeith, iieuenueeith, i?iaoeueeith,
?in?enueeith, /anueeith, o?aioeocueeith, I. Aeo/ei?inueea ia?aeeaaeaea c
/anueei?, i?iaoeueei?, ?in?enueei?. Ua o 1912 ?. I. Eia?einueea ?acii c
I. Aeo/ei?inueeith ? E. Iaeeoeueeith a?aeiiaeee a Eieiie? aeaeaiiy
“AE?ii/i? a?ae?ioaee”, aea aoee iioae?eiaai? a ia?aeeaae?
I. Aeo/ei?inueei? iiia?aeaiiy Ea?ie?ie Naaoei? “C iaoeo ai?a ?
ciaaaiue”. Ia?aeeaea aiia ? iiia?aeaiiy “Naiei Ioao” THe?ona Ca??a
(Aecaiie. — 1933. — ? 5). O “AE?ii/?e aeie?” iioae?eiaaii ?? ia?aeeaae
o?eaea iia?no? Aiaeaie Iaioeiai? “Aaaony”, a oaeiae noaoo?-ii?aaee
ae?ieai, iaienai? ia iniia? i?iaoeueeeo oa /anueeeo aeaea?ae.

Ia noi??ieao “AE?ii/i? aeie?” ?ice?eeany ua iaeia ?ena oaeaioo
I. Aeo/ei?inueei? — ye e?oa?aoo?iiai e?eoeea ? ?aoeaicaioa. Ooo aiia
iaae?oeoaaea ?aoeaic?? ia 19 oai??a, ye? o oie /an ioae?eoaaeeny. Aiia
eaae?o?eiaaii ?aoeaico? ca??iee ia?en?a “Ai aei? iie”, iia?no? “1313” ?
“Nii o?i?” Iaoaeaie Ei?ieaae, iiia?aeaiiy Nio?? Ia?oaiiae/ “Oe?ia
aeeooy”, ?aii?oaae Aieiaeeie?a Eanianueeiai i?i aaia?aea Oa?iaanueeiai,
eieao “Ia aenie?e iieiiei?” iieuenueeiai ienueiaiieea Noai?neaaa
A?ioeaica, oii iiaae “A?aeiaeaeaiee ?ae” Oeana Nai/oea, iia?noue-o?ii?eo
“?aaiethoe?y eaea” Aaeeie AEo?ae, iiia?aeaiiy Ia??? E?ai’yi???anueei?,
iiaaee “iieiaeiioc?aoe?a”, iiac?? Aiae??y Aieiuaea, Aeieo?a Ieeieeoeia,
?aaia Eieina oa ?io? iia? oai?e. ?aoeaic?? I. Aeo/ei?inueei? ai?uai?
oaeiae o /aniien? “Iiaa oaoa”. Aiie noinothoueny aeaeaiue Ia???
Iiaeue/aiei ? Iaoaeaie Ei?ieaae. ?aoeaic?? I. Aeo/ei?inueei? aeo/i?,
aoi?enoe/i?, iaa?oioiaai?, aeia?ice/eea?, aiia ai?? a?aeiaeoe
oa?aeoa?ia a aaoi?a ? a naiiio oai??. Oe? ?aoeaic?? (eiaeia c ieo)
??ci?, iniaeea?, i?ea?iaeuei?, a?aecia/athoueny iaaiaoeciii aei
i?i/eoaiiy. A?ae/oaa?oueny, ui aaoi?ea a ioe?ioe? oai??a nie?a?oueny ia
aeina?ae ?. O?aiea, I. A?ooaanueeiai, I. Aiciyea, aeoiaeeoue ianaiia?aae
c ooieoe?iiaeueieo, a aaea iio?i c ooaeiaei?o iiceoe?e.

Ioae?eaoe?? I. Aeo/ei?inueei? o “AE?ii/?e aeie?”, ia??aeei nie?aei?
noaoo? c i?iaeiaaeaiiyi o e?eueeio iiia?ao, iiaeia oaiaoe/ii ia’?aeiaoe.
Iaeio a?oio noaiiaeyoue iaoa??aee i?i iao??. Noaooy “Iaoe” (1928) –
ia?oa ioae?eaoe?y I. Aeo/ei?inueei? ia noi??ieao aeania /aniieno, a ia
?? aeueiaiao?a, aeaea iiooiao aei ioae?eaoe?? ?ioeo aaoi??a ia oeth oaio
? aei iiyae caa?iaiiy “A ni?aa?” Aeiy Oe?a?inueei? Iaoa??”, aei
io?oe?eiiai a?aecia/aiiy c 1929 ?. Nayoa Iaoa?? a Aaee/ei?. Aei oe???
oaie ioae?oeenoea caa?oa?oueny ? a ianooiieo ?ieao. An? iaoa??aee
ia’?aeio? iieac aaee/? iaoa?? ye ia?oiiniiae anueiai nouiai, ye
i?iaeiaaeoaa/ee ? aa?aaei? ?iaeo, ye aieiaiiai ia/aea o a?aeaoaeia? ?c
caiaiaaeo aoaeue-yeiai ia?iaeo, ye aeoiaaoaeueee aoae?aiee?a
iaeaooiueiai Oe?a?ie.

Ia noi??ieao /aniieno I. Aeo/ei?inueea noai?eea ieceo ii?o?ao?a
oe?a?inueeeo ae?iie — a?ae neai? aeaaieie ? aei nai?o no/anieoeue. O
noaooyo “Oe?a?inueea ae?iioeoai a noa?iaei?”, “Eiyaeiy Ieueaa” aaoi?ea
aaaea iiao i?i eiyaeiue Ieueao ?iai?aeo, ?iiaiiao, i?i I?enth Caa?nio,
Aaaeiaae?anueeo Iii?aio, iao?? Aaoueiaia Iacaie, Aaeeio Oiaeueieoeueeo,
Ianoth Ia?eiae/-Nei?iiaaenueeo, ?eenaaaoo Aoeaae/, ?ienieaio. Oeeie
iaoa??aeaie aiia iaiia oio?ea ua ?ac iaaaaeaoe ni?aa?o/ecieeai, ui aac
ieioeiai iaia? iaeaooiueiai, ui caaooe a/i?aoi? – caaooe naaa. Aiia
oaeiae iaenoa?ii aeienaea ii?o?aoe Iaoae?? Eia?einueei?, Ieueae
Eiaeeyinueei?, Nio?? ?oniai?, Ieaie Eoeue/eoeueei?, Oeyie E?aa/aiei,
??eie A?eueaea oa ?ioeo aeaeaoieo ae?iie. AE?ii/? i?iaeaie ioae?oeenoea
noaaeoue oaeiae o aaaaoueio ?ioeo noaooyo, o ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yo uiaei
aaaeaiiy aeiiaoiueiai ainiiaea?noaa.

I. Aeo/ei?inueea – a?iaeaeaiee iaaeaaia. I?iaeaie aeoiaaiiy i?enooi? o
an?e ?? iaoeiai-ioae?oeenoe/i?e ? ooaeiaei?e niaaeuei?. Nooue ?o
caiaeeoueny aei ocaaaeueithth/i? oi?ioee c noaoo? “I?i aeoiaaiiy”:
“Ea?ioeiiny o aeoiaaiith inue oaeeie /eiieeaie: ethaia, i?ei??, i?aoey,
aeia?a oiaa?enoai ? eieaeea”.

I. Aeo/ei?inueea ana aeeooy iaiae?oaaea. O “AE?ii/?e aeie?” aiia
ioae?eoaaea nai? a?aaeaiiy c oeeo iaiae??aie ye aoiia?ao, oieueeei?eno,
ia?iaeiciaaaoeue, aea/aea cae/a? ? o?aaeeoe?? ??aeiiai e?ath, ?icoi?th/e
?o ?ieue o caa?aaeaii? iaoe?iiaeueii? iai’yo? ia?iaeo, o aeoiaaii?
iieiae?. O oeeo noaooyo aiia aenooia? ia eeoa ye o?enaoi? iiae?e, aea
noaaeoue i?iaeaie, ye? o?aaa ae??ooaaoe. Iaia’ycie eiaeiiai ?ioae?aaioa
ciaoe ia?iaeio oai?/?noue, ia aeaoe i?iianoe i?niyi, cae/ayi, ai oea
“?noi??y iaoi? eoeueoo?e”. Ienueiaiieoey i?iiiio? anoaiiaeoe “Aeaiue
Oe?a?inueeiai iocath”, a yeee ae eiaeai aea?oaoaaa, ui iiaea “ia ??/
oe?a?inueeiai iocaeieoeoaa”.

?i’y I. Aeo/ei?inueei? cono??/a?oueny ia noi??ieao “AE?ii/i? aeie?” ia
eeoa i?ae ?? ioae?eaoe?yie, aea ye aa?i?i? ei?aniiiaeaioe?e ?ioeo
aaoi??a.

O aeanyoee?oi?e tha?eae aeo?iaeo I. Aeo/ei?inueea iaae?neaea eiai
aeaeaaoeyi i?ea?oaiiy, ai?uaia ia noi??ieao /aniieno. Oea c?acie ??
aeo?iae?nonueeiai, ioae?oeenoe/iiai, acaaae? oai?/iai noeeth, yeee
a?aecia/aany, iacaaaeath/e ia aeai?e, aeo/i?noth, aoi?enoe/i?noth,
ethaia’th aei oiai, i?i eiai ? i?i ui ienaea.

Ia?aeaeueii c “AE?ii/ith aeieath” I. Aeo/ei?inueea ioae?eoaaeany a ?ioeo
aeaeaiiyo. Caneoaiaothoue ia oaaao iioaoee “C ii?? iaiae??aee ii eiyaeeo
caieyo Aaee/a” (“AE?ii/a aiey”), ?icaeoie “Eiia?an oe?a?inueeiai
ae?iioeoaa” ? “Ia?aae eiia?anii oe?a?inueeiai ae?iioeoaa” (“Iaoa”),
i??eoaaiiy “A ??e ii Ia?oiio Oe?a?inueeiio Iaaeaaia?/iiio Eiia?an?”
(“??aeia oeiea”), aaeeeee iaoa??ae i?i Aooeoeueueio (“Iaoa no?aia”),
noaoo? “Euea?anueeee aoiia?ao?/iee iocae”, “O i?no? Eiaeeyinueei?”
(“?aaeyinueeee Euea?a”), ioae?eaoe??, i?enay/ai? ae?ii/iio ?ooo a
Oe?a?i?, I. Eia?einuee?e, I. Eioethaeinueeiio (aa?oaanuee? aeaeaiiy
“Oe?a?inueeee eaeaiaea?” ? “Iaoa neiai”).

I. Aeo/ei?inueea eenooaaeany c I. Eiaeeyinueeith, A. Iaaeee,
A. Ei?ie?aei, ?. Ia??ieii, I. ssoeeiaei, I. Iiaae?anueeei, I. A?eoea?i,
/anueeith ienueiaiieoeath Eiia/iith, C. I??iith, I. Een?eaanueeith,
N. ?oniaith, I. Naiaithe. Nueiaiaei? a?aeiii iiiaae 140 eeno?a
ienueiaiieoe? aei ??cieo aae?anao?a, cie?aia aei Noai?neaaa oa ??aie
A?ioeaic?a, ?. Aeaaeeaae/, A. E?ooaeueieoeueeiai, ?. E?ooaeueieoeueeiai,
I. Iaeiaay, I. Iaoa?e/oea, ?.-TH. Iaeainueeiai, O. Iia?aaaiieea,
A. Iie?ea, E. Nooi? oa ?ioeo. Oe? eenoe iathoue ?noi?eei-e?oa?aoo?io
aa?o?noue.

E?oa?aoo?i? oa noni?eueii-a?iiaaenuee? iiaeyaee I. Aeo/ei?inueei?,
ae?aaeai? o ?? /eneaiieo noaooyo ? ai?noiey??? na?ae/aoue, ui aiie
a?aeaeaaee iano?i? ? aeoiee oe?a?inueei? ?ioae?aaioe??, ui ienueiaiieoey
iaea?eueoa ia?aeiaeany i?iaeaiaie oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e,
oai?i?noe/iiai ?ooo, iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeoiaaiiy, caa?aaeaiiy oe?a?inueeeo
ienoaoeueeeo nea?a?a.

O aeniiaeao i?noeoueny ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i aeeiiaio ?iaioo, i?aeaaaeai?
iniiai? i?aenoiee aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?aee?aneaii, ui oai?/a niaaeueia
Ieueae Aeo/ei?inueei? aeicaiey? noaa?aeaeoaaoe i?i ?? iii?oia i?noea a
oe?a?inuee?e e?oa?aoo??.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo aaoi?a:

1. Iaoiiia A. ?? “ethaeiethaia aeooa”: [Anooiia noaooy]; I?ei?oee //
Aeo/ei?inueea I. *oth… iieeoao caie?: Iiac?? / Oii?yae. e aao. anooi.
noaoo? oa i?ei. A. Iaoiiia. — ?aaii-O?aie?anuee: Aaee/eia, 1996. – N.
3-19; 107-114.

2. Iaoiiia A. “…I?ae /aniienaie aiinoieea…” (Ieueaa Aeo/ei?inueea ia
noi??ieao “AE?ii/i? aeie?”) // Oe?a?inueea e?oa?aoo?iciaanoai. Aei. 63.
— Euea?a: Na?o, 1996. — N. 3042.

3. Iaoiiia A. Iiaoe/ia niaaeueia Ieueae Aeo/ei?inueei? //
I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee. O?eieia?y. — 1998. — Aei. 61. —
N. 28-32.

4. Iaoiiia A. ?ieue oai?/i? niaaeueie Ieueae Aeo/ei?inueei? o
iaoe?iiaeueiiio aeoiaaii? iieiae? // Ia???. — ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1995. —
Aei. 2. — N. 2729.

5. Iaoiiia A. “…Oea ciaeiinoai iaei ia iaia eieinaeueiee aieea” (Aieea
?. O?aiea ia ?icaeoie iaaea?oaaiue I. Aeo/ei?inueei?) // ?aai O?aiei oa
iaoe?iiaeueia ? aeooiaia a?ae?iaeaeaiiy Oe?a?ie: Ca. iaoe. no. ? aeii.
?aa?ii. iaoe. eiio., i?enay/aii? 140??//th a?ae aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy ?aaia
O?aiea. — ?aaii-O?aie?anuee: Ieae, 1997. — N. 3944.

6. Iaoiiia A. Aieea I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa ia I. Eia?einueeo a iaioa?i?e
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? I. Aeo/ei?inueei? // Ieoaeei Ae?aaiiaiia: aeiaa oa ?aea?:
Iaoa??aee Anaoe?. iaoe. eiio., i?enay/ai? 100??//th a?ae aeiy nia?o?
ienueiaiieea. — ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1996. — N. 7986.

7. Iaoiiia A. Ieueaa Aeo/ei?inueea ia noi??ieao “AE?ii/i? aeie?” //
Oe?a?inueea ia??iaeeea: ?noi??y ? no/ani?noue: Aeii. oa iia?ae. o?aouei?
Anaoe?. iaoe.-oai?ao. eiio., 2223 a?oaeiy 1995 ?. — Euea?a, 1995. —
N. 234246.

8. Iaoiiia A. Aeaaineiaaiia aoaeue, Iaii, i?ae iaie! (Ieueaa
Aeo/ei?inueea i?i nayoi Iaoa??) // AE?iea. — 1996. — O?aaaiue. — N. 8.

9. Iaoiiia A. Ieueaa Aeo/ei?inueea i?i aeoiaaiiy iieiaeiai iieie?iiy //
Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeoiaaiiy nooaeaionueei? iieiae?:
Iaoa??aee ?aa?ii. iaoe.-iaoiae. eiio., 2223 a?oaeiy 1994. —
?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1995. — N. 1920.

10. Iaoiiia A. AE?ii/? ia?ace a niaaeuei? Ieueae Aeo/ei?inueei? // Oace
iaoe.-oaoi. eiio. i?io.-aeeeaae. neeaaeo ?aaii-O?aie?a. aea?ae. oaoi.
oi-oo iaooe ? aaco, 23 o?aaiy 1995 ?ieo. — ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1995. —
*. ?. -N. 7.

11. Iaoiiia A. I?ica Ieueae Aeo/ei?inueei? // Oace iaoe.-oaoi. eiio.
i?io.-aeeeaae. neeaaeo ?aaii-O?aie?a. aea?ae. oaoi. oi-oo iaooe ? aaco,
6 o?aaiy 1996 ?ieo. — ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1996. — *. ?. — N. 21.

12. Iaoiiia A. Iiac?y Ieueae Aeo/ei?inueei? // Oace iaoe.-oaoi. eiio.
i?io.-aeeeaae. neeaaeo ?aaii-O?aie?a. aea?ae. oaoi. oi-oo iaooe ?
aaco. — ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1997. — *. I. — N. 11.

AIIOAOe?ss

Iaoiiia A. I. Oai?/a niaaeueia Ieueae Aeo/ei?inueei?.-?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 10.01.01 – oe?a?inueea e?oa?aoo?a.
I?eea?iaonueeee oi?aa?neoao ?i. Aaneey Noaoaieea, ?aaii-O?aie?anuee,
1998.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aeine?aeaeaiith aeeoo?aiai ? oai?/iai oeyoo
Ieueae Aanee?aie Aeo/ei?inueei? (1883-1988) — oe?a?inueei?
ienueiaiieoe?, no/anieoe? ?. O?aiea, i?eyoaeueee I. Eia?einueei?,
I. Eiaeeyinueei?, N. A?ioeaica oa aaaaoueio ?ioeo ae?y/?a oe?a?inueei?
oa ca?oa?aeieo eoeueoo?.

O aeena?oaoe?? aia?oa c?iaeaii ni?iao eiiieaenii, ia iniia?
ocaaaeueiaiiy ? e?eoe/iiai inieneaiiy an?o aeyaeaieo aeaea?ae ?
iaoa??ae?a iiaa?iooe oe?a?inuee?e e?oa?aoo?? “iiaia” ?i’y
I. Aeo/ei?inueei?, eieenue iiioey?ii?, aea aein? iaeaaeii ia aea/aii?
aaaaoia?aiii? iinoao?, noai?aii ?? iaeiiai?oo, a aieiaia ia’?eoeaio
a?ia?ao?th, i?iaiae?ciaaii a iniiaiiio oai?/o niaaeueio (iiac?th, i?ico,
e?oa?aoo?ii-ioae?oeenoe/i? noaoo?, eenoe), aecia/aii iniiai? ?ene
noeeth.

Ie?ai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ciaeoee nai? a?aeia?aaeaiiy o
aii?yaeeiaai?e ? aeaeai?e aeena?oaioii iiaoe/i?e ca??oe?
I. Aeo/ei?inueei? “*oth…iieeoao Caie?” (?aaii-O?aie?anuee: Aaee/eia,
1996.-117n.).

Eeth/ia? neiaa: Ieueaa Aeo/ei?inueea, a?ia?ao?y, iiac?y, i?ica,
e?oa?aoo?ii-ioae?oeenoe/i? noaoo?, eenoe, aiae?c, noeeue.

AIIIOAOeEss

Iaoiiia A.I. Oai?/aneia ianeaaeea Ieueae Aeo/eieineie.- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.01.01-oe?aeineay eeoa?aoo?a. I?eea?iaoneee
oieaa?neoao ei. A. Noaoaieea, Eaaii-O?aieiane, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth aeeciaiiiai e oai?/aneiai iooe
Ieueae Aaneeueaaiu Aeo/eieineie (1883-1988) — oe?aeineie ienaoaeueieoeu,
nia?aiaiieoeu E. O?aiei, i?eyoaeueieoeu I. Eia?eineie, I. Eiaueyineie,
N. Aeioeaica e iiiaeo ae?oaeo aeayoaeae oe?aeineie e ca?oaaaeiuo
eoeueoo?.

A aeenna?oaoeee aia?aua naeaeaii iiiuoeo eiiieaenii, ia iniiaaiee
iaiauaiey e e?eoe/aneiai iniuneaiey anao iaia?oaeaiiuo enoi/ieeia e
iaoa?eaeia aa?iooue oe?aeineie eeoa?aoo?a “iieiia” eiy I. Aeo/eieineie,
eiaaea-oi iiioey?iie, ii aei neo ii? iaaeeaaeauei ia?acii ia eco/aiiie
iiiaia?aiiie ee/iinoe, nicaeaii a? iaeaieaa iieioth, a aeaaiia
iauaeoeaioth aeia?aoeth, a iniiaiii i?iaiaeece?iaaii a? oai?/aneia
ianeaaeea (iiyceth, i?ico, eeoa?aoo?ii-ioaeeoeenoe/aneea noaouee,
ienueia), ii?aaeaeaii iniiaiua /a?ou noeey.

Ioaeaeueiua ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiey iaoee nai? io?aaeaiea a ecaeaiiii
aeenna?oaioii iiyoe/aneii nai?ieea I. Aeo/eieineie “Neuoo… iieeoao
Caiee” (*oth… iieeoao Caie?.-?aaii-O?aie?anuee: Aaee/eia,
1996.-117 n.)

Eeth/aaua neiaa: Ieueaa Aeo/eieineay, aeia?aoey, iiycey, i?ica,
eeoa?aoo?ii-ioaeeoeenoe/aneea noaouee, ienueia, aiaeec, noeeue.

ANNOTATION

Pakhomov V. M. Literary Heritage of Olha Duchyminska.- Manuscript.

The thesis for a Candidate’s degree (Philology) speciality 10.01.01-
Ukrainian Literature.- Precarpathian University named after V. Stefanyk,
Ivano- Frankivsk, 1998.

The present thesis is aimed at investigating the life and creative
activity of Olha Vasilivna Duchyminska (1883-1988), Ukrainian writer, a
contemporary of I. Franko, a close friend of N. Kobrynska,
O. Kobylyanska, S. Vintsens and many other outstanding figures of
Ukrainian and foreign cultures.

The thesis has made the first attempt to return into the Ukrainian
literature the name of O.Duchyminska by way of summing up and critical
survey of all the literary sources and materials. This writer was once
very popular but her personality has not been completely investigated
yet. The author of the thesis wrote her full and unbiassed biography,
analized her literary heritage (poetry, prose, literary and publicistic
articles) defined main characteristics of her style.

Some research resulted in the published completed works of
O.Duchyminska’s poetry “I hear the pray of… the Eart” (*oth…iieeoao
Caie?. — ?aaii-O?aie?anuee: Aaee/eia, 1996.-117n.)

Key words: Olha Duchyminska, biography, poetry, prose,
literary-publicistic articles, letters analisis, style.

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