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Транскордонні економічні зв’язки Карпатського Єврорегіону та їх ефективність: Автореф. дис… канд. екон. наук / Р.М. Дацків, Укр. акад. зовніш. торгі

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IIIINOA?NOAI CIAIIOIIO AEIIIII*IEO CA’ssCEIA I OI?AIAEI OE?A?IE

OE?A?INUeEA AEAAeAI?ss CIAI?OIUeI? OI?A?AE?

Ae A Oe E I A

?inoeneaa Ieoaeeiae/

OAeE 339.92(477)/338(100)

O?AINEI?AeIII? AEIIII?*I? CA’ssCEE

EA?IAONUeEIAI ?A?I?AA?IIO OA ?O AOAEOEAI?NOUe

Ciaoe?aeuei?noue: 08.05.01.

“Na?oiaa ainiiaea?noai ? i?aeia?iaei? aeiiii?/i? a?aeiineie”

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

AeENA?OAOe?? IA CAeIAOOOss IAOEIAIAI NOOIAIss

EAIAeEAeAOA AEIIII?*IEO IAOE

Ee?a 1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? i?aeia?iaeii? aeiiii?ee Oe?a?inueei?
aeaaeai?? ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae? I?i?noa?noaa ciai?oi?o aeiiii?/ieo
ca’yce?a ? oi?a?ae? Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee-aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aiae??e/oe A?eoi? A?eai?iae/,

i?i?aeoi? c iaoeiai? ?iaioe

Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai?? ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae?Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe-aeieoi?
aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aecthaee Noaiai Aeaieeiae/,

i?ioani? Aeaaeai?? aea?aeaaiiai

oi?aae?iiy i?e I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

Oaoethe Aiaoie?e Ieeieaeiae/,

Noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee ?inoeoooo

Na?oiai? aeiiii?ee ? i?aeia?iaeieo

a?aeiinei IAI Oe?a?ieI?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y- ?inoeooo i?aeia?iaeieo
a?aeiinei

Ee?anueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo

?i. O.Oaa/aiea, i. Ee?aCaoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny 12 aeiaoiy
1999 ?ieo i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E
26.847.01 a Oe?a?inuee?e aeaaeai?? ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae? I?i?noa?noaa
ciai?oi?o aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a ? oi?a?ae? Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252042,
Ee?a-42, aoe. *eai??ia, 57a.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Oe?a?inueei?
aeaaeai?? ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae? I?i?noa?noaa ciai?oi?o aeiiii?/ieo
ca’yce?a ? oi?a?ae? Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 3 na?iiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
A?eoeae O.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?noi??y ?icaeoeo aeiiii?/ieo
a?aeiinei i?ae aea?aeaaaie na?ae/eoue i?i aacia?niaeoeai?noue eo?no ia
naii?cieyoe?th, yeee iaieio/a i?ecaiaeeoue aei oaoiieia?/iiai
a?aenoaaaiiy oa aeiiii?/ieo ao?ao. Oiio iaoa e?a?ia iiaeiia i?eeiyoe
aeoeaio o/anoue a ?ioaa?aoe?eieo i?ioeanao, iniaeeai oeo, ui
a?aeaoaathoueny a no/ani?e ?a?ii?. Aeey ?aae?caoe?? oe??? no?aoaa?/ii?
iaoe iaiao?aeii noi?ioaaoe ni?eyoeeaa iae?ina?aaeiaeua, ia?o ca ana,
oeyoii aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aaiaiai iiey, ?aae?caoe?? aeiiii?/ieo ?aoi?i
aeey iaeneiaeueiiai iaaeeaeaiiy iieaciee?a nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai
?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie aei i?aeia?iaeieo noaiaea?o?a. Iniaeeaa ?ieue a
?icaeoeo oeeo i?ioean?a iaeaaeeoue o?ainei?aeiiiiio ni?a?ia?oieoeoao
i?eei?aeiiieo oa?eoi??e Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy ??cieo aniaeo?a i?iaeaie o?ainei?aeiiiiai
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa o?eueee ii/eia?oueny. Aea ?ioa?an aei oeueiai iai?yio
i?ae?aa?iiaeueieo aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei iino?eii c?inoa?, ianaiia?aae,
caaaeyee oni?oiiio ?icaeoeo o?ainei?aeiiieo ?inoeoooe?e a ?a?ii?.
?ioaa?aoe?ei? i?ioeane ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai? iaoi? e?a?ie
?aae?cothoueny o oi?i? ?a?i?aa?ii?a “Aoa”, “Aeoiae” oa “Ea?iaonueeiai
?a?i?aa?iio”, noai?aieo ca o/anoth i?eei?aeiiieo iaeanoae Oe?a?ie oa
non?aei?o aea?aeaa. Aea iaaeiioe?iea iiaeeeainoae noi?iiaaieo a Oe?a?i?
o?ainei?aeiiieo ?inoeoooe?e oa a?aenooi?noue ie?aieo i?aaiaeo iaoai?ci?a
ia aeathoue iiaeeeaino? aaeaiooaaoe iiaiith i??ith i?aeia?iaeiee
aeina?ae a oe?e noa??.

A i?aoeyo a?o/eciyieo a/aieo A.Aiae??e/oea, A.Aaoiyieia, I.A?e?iueeiai,
A.Aoaee?ia, ?.Ao?aeianueeiai, A.Aaeoey, I.Aeie?oiueiai, N.Aecthaeea,
I.Aeoae/aiea, E.E?noa?nueeiai, A.Eei/ea, I.Eocuei?ia, Ae.Eoe’yiaiea,
TH.Iaeiaiia, A.Iie?y, A.Iiaeoeueeiai, A.Iieuaiea, I.?iaa/a, A.Nai/aiea,
A.N?ei?e, A.O?e?iaiea, A.Oaoethea, ?.Oeiee, I.ssie?aa, ca?oa?aeieo
a/aieo ?.A?iona, N.Caoa?iaa, A.C?iaeaiaa?aa, Aeae.?ia?aia, I.Ii?oa?a,
Aeae.Oaiaea?niia, O.E?iaa, ?.E?oianueeiai, O.Eioea?a, A.Eouaiea,
A.Iaaeaaae?aa, Ae.Naena, E.Oiooiaia, I.*ieieaeaeana, A.Oaaaeiaa oa ?ioeo
aeine?aeaeothoueny ie?ai? iai?yie ?icaeoeo aeiiii?/ieo ?ioaa?aoe?eieo
i?ioean?a. Iaeiae iiaeia noaa?aeaeoaaoe i?i iaaeinoaoi?noue ?ic?iaee
oeeo i?iaeai, iniaeeai a /anoei? aena?oeaiiy aeiiii?/ieo aniaeo?a
i?ae?aa?iiaeueieo, cie?aia o?ainei?aeiiieo ca’yce?a, ?o ci?noo, aeaeiai?
no?oeoo?e, i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ieo oi?i ?aae?caoe?? oa iaoiaeeee
ioe?iee aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?. Oeei iaoiiaeaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeeiiaia ca?aeii c ianooiieie iaoeiai-aeine?aeieie ?iaioaie Oe?a?inueei?
aeaaeai?? ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae?: “Aeine?aeaeaiiy ci?i o
na?oiainiiaea?nueeeo a?aeiineiao, aecia/aiiy iaoai?cio caaacia/aiiy
oiaa?ii? oa ?aa?iiaeueii? aeeaa?neo?eaoe?? ? ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? ciai?oi?o
aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a, ?o aieeao ia oi?aiaee aaeain Oe?a?ie” (iiia?
aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? 0197U014990): aoai 4 “Aiae?c
ciai?oiuei-oi?aiaaeueiiai aaeaino Oe?a?ie a oiaa?iiio oa ?aa?iiaeueiiio
?ic??c? ? ?ic?iaea i?iiiceoe?e ii iie?ioaiith no?oeoo?e oa i?aeaeuaiith
caaeainiaaiino? oiaa?iiai?io” (iaoeiai-aiae?oe/ia caienea); aoai 5
“Ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?ic?iaea i?iiiceoe?e ii
aaeineiiaeaiith iaoai?cio ?aaoethaaiiy ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae? Oe?a?ie,
caaacia/aiiy ?? oiaa?ii? oa ?aa?iiaeueii? aeeaa?neo?eaoe?? ?
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? ia iniia? ia?aoiaeo a?ae oi?aiaaeueii? aei
ae?iaie/i-?iaanoeoe?eii? iiaeae? ciai?oi?o aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a”, a
oaeiae “?ic?iaea i?iaeoo ?aoe?iiae?caoe?? ?iii?oii-aenii?oii? iie?oeee
Oe?a?ie” (iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? 0197U014993): aoai 1
“Oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae? oa ?o a?aeiia?aei?noue
aeiiii?/iei ?ioa?anai Oe?a?ie” (aiae?oe/ia caienea); aoai 2
“Eiioeaiooaeuei? canaaee ?aoe?iiae?caoe?? ?iii?oii-aenii?oii? iie?oeee
Oe?a?ie”; aoai 3 “?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii aaeineiiaeaiith ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiai?
aace ?aaoethaaiiy ciai?oi?o aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a, i?eaaaeaiiy ?? o
a?aeiia?aei?noue c aeiiaaie AAOO/NIO oa iio?aaaie ?aoi?ioaaiiy ?
no?oeoo?ii? ia?aaoaeiae aeiiii?ee”.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a iaa?oiooaaii? i??i?eoaoieo iai?yi?a
aoaeoeaii? ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee c o?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae
i?eei?aeiiieo iaeanoae Oe?a?ie. A?aeiia?aeii aei iinoaaeaii? iaoe
ia?aaeaa/aeinue ae??oeoe ianooii? caaaeaiiy:

? aecia/eoe ci?no, aeaeiao no?oeoo?o oa i?aai?caoe?ei? oi?ie ?aae?caoe??
o?ainei?aeiiieo aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a;

? i?iaanoe nenoaiiee aiae?c i?aeia?iaeiiai aeina?aeo o?ainei?aeiiiiai
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa oa iaa?oiooaaoe iai?yie eiai canoinoaaiiy a Oe?a?i?;

? aeyaeoe no/ani? oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo o?ainei?aeiiieo aeiiii?/ieo
ca’yce?a Ea?iaonueeiai ?a?i?aa?iio oa ?o aieea ia i?ioean
ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie;

? ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee oa i?iaanoe ioe?ieo aoaeoeaiino?
o?ainei?aeiiieo aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a ia iniia? iieaciee?a a?aeiinii? oa
aaniethoii? aoaeoeaiino? aenii?oieo iia?aoe?e noa’?eo?a
i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino? Euea?anueei? iaeano?;

? aecia/eoe ?ieue niaoe?aeueieo (a?eueieo) aeiiii?/ieo cii o ?icaeoeo
aoaeoeaieo o?ainei?aeiiieo aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a;

? iaa?oiooaaoe ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?ci?a
aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy i?aeia?iaeieo o?aiceoieo oiaa?iiioie?a.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy – iniaeeaino? ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino?
i?eei?aeiiieo ?aa?ii?a Oe?a?ie a oiiaao o?ainei?aeiiiiai
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa.

Ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy – i?aei?e?inoaa, i?aai?caoe??, i?aaie aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aae?iiy oa ?io? noa’?eoe ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? a iaaeao
o?ainei?aeiiiiai ia’?aeiaiiy “Ea?iaonueeee ?a?i?aa?ii”.

Oai?aoe/ieie ? iaoiaeieia?/ieie canaaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy ? no/ani?
oai??? ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee, ioae?eaoe?? oe?a?inueeeo oa ca?oa?aeieo
a/aieo c ieoaiue oai??? i?aeia?iaeieo aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei,
i?aeia?iaeiiai ia?eaoeiao oa o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa.

A ?iaio? aeei?enoai? ii?iaoeai? aeieoiaioe i?aeia?iaeiiai i?aaa oa
caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie, ui ?aaoeththoue ciai?oi? aeiiii?/i? ca’ycee,
o?ainei?aeiiia ni?a?ia?oieoeoai, ii?yaeie noai?aiiy ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
niaoe?aeueieo (a?eueieo) aeiiii?/ieo cii, ?aaeei i?aeia?iaeieo
o?ainii?oieo ei?eaei??a oa o?aiceoieo ia?aaacaiue.

O i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy canoiniaoaaeenue iaoiaee nenoaiiiai,
ii??aiyeueiiai oa aeiiii?/iiai aiae?co, a oaeiae noaoenoe/i?,
iaoaiaoe/i? oa ?io? iaoiaee.

?ioi?iaoe?eiith aacith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aoee io?oe?ei? aeai?
Aea?aeaaiiai eii?oaoo noaoenoeee Oe?a?ie, Aea?aeaaii? ieoii? neoaeae
Oe?a?ie, I?i?noa?noaa ciai?oi?o aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a ? oi?a?ae? Oe?a?ie,
?o oa?eoi??aeueieo i?aai?a, a oaeiae iaoa??aee I?aeia?iaeiiai aaethoiiai
oiiaeo, ?a?iiaenueei? Eii?n??, oiiae?a TACIS, PHARE oa aeai?, io?eiai?
c eiii’thoa?ii? ia?aae? ?ioa?iao. Nenoaiaoecaoe?y ?ioi?iaoe?eii? aace oa
aiae?oe/i? ?ic?aooiee i?iaaaeai? c aeei?enoaiiyi
aeaeo?iiii-ia/enethaaeueii? oaoi?ee. Ianya ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/ieo
iaoa??ae?a, aeei?enoaiee a aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii? ? aeinoaoi?i
? ?ai?acaioaoeaiei, ine?eueee ioiieth? an? iniiai? ??ai? o?ainei?aeiiieo
aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a Ea?iaonueeiai ?a?i?aa?iio.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo aaoi?ii ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? o ianooiiiio:

? cai?iiiiiaaia iiiyo?eia aecia/aiiy “o?ainei?aeiii? aeiiii?/i?
ca’ycee”, ye eiiieaen aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei oa ?ioa?an?a, ui
oi?iothoueny ? ?aae?cothoueny ia i?ae?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai? ? ?
neeaaeiaith o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa, a oaeiae ?ic?iaeaia
eeaneo?eaoe?y o?ainei?aeiiieo ca’yce?a ca ?o aeiiii?/iei ci?noii;

? ocaaaeueiaii ca?oa?aeiee aeina?ae o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa,
aecia/ai? i??i?eoaoi? iai?yie eiai aeei?enoaiiy a Oe?a?i?, cie?aia
iaa?oioiaaia aeiiii?/ia aeioe?euei?noue oa cai?iiiiiaai? oi?ie o/ano?
iaeanoae Oe?a?ie o o?ainei?aeiiieo ia’?aeiaiiyo;

? ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee oa i?iaaaeaia ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino?
o?ainei?aeiiieo aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a ia iniia? iieaciee?a a?aeiinii? oa
aaniethoii? aoaeoeaiino? aenii?oieo iia?aoe?e noa’?eo?a
i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino? Euea?anueei? iaeano?;

? ?ice?eoa ?ieue niaoe?aeueieo (a?eueieo) aeiiii?/ieo cii, ye aaaeeeaiai
?ino?oiaioo eiioeaio?aoe?? ?iaanoeoe?eieo ?ano?n?a aeey ae??oaiiy
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo i?iaeai i?eei?aeiiieo oa?eoi??e;

? iaa?oioiaai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?ci?a
aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy i?aeia?iaeieo o?aiceoieo oiaa?iiioie?a,
cie?aia canoinoaaiiy o?iainiaeo aa?aio?e oa noi?iaiaeaeaiiy aaioaae?a
i?ae ieoiith aa?oith c iaoith iaaeiiouaiiy iaeiio?ieueiaaiiai
i?iieeiaiiy ia ieoio oa?eoi??th Oe?a?ie aenieie?ea?aeieo ?iii?oieo
oiaa??a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? oa
ai?iaaaeaeaii? eiioeaiooaeueieo canaae ?icaeoeo o?ainei?aeiiieo
aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a Ea?iaonueeiai ?a?i?aa?iio. Cai?iiiiiaai?
aeena?oaioii iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee ? i?iaaaeaia ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino?
ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a Euea?anueei? iaeano? aeei?enoai? a oiae?
i?aeaioiaee ? aeeiiaiiy “?aa?iiaeueii? i?ia?aie ni?eyiiy ?icaeoeo iaeiai
oa na?aaeiueiai i?aei?e?iieoeoaa o Euea?anuee?e iaeano? ia 1997-1998
?iee oa caoiae?a uiaei ?? ?aae?caoe??” (aeia?aeea oi?aae?iiy aeiiii?ee
Euea?anueei? iaeaea?aeaaei?i?no?aoe?? a?ae 3 /a?aiy 1999 ?ieo
?6-1/1-747).

Iaa?oioiaai? o aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? iai?yie ? iaoiaee aeoea?caoe??
o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa Euea?anueei? iaeano? oa i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? aaaaoiaaeocaai? ni?ai?aoe? i?ae ?aa?iiaie-o/anieeaie
Ea?iaonueeiai ?a?i?aa?iio ciaeoee nai? a?aeia?aaeaiiy a aeiiii?/i?e
i?ia?ai? ?icaeoeo o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa Euea?anueei?
iaeano?, yea ia?aaeaia Eii?n?? c ieoaiue i?eei?aeiiii? ni?ai?aoe?
Oe?a?inueei-Iieuenueei? i?aeo?yaeiai? eii?aeeiaoe?eii? ?aaee c ieoaiue
i?ae?aa?iiaeueii? ni?ai?aoe? (aeia?aeea eii?oaoo i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei
Euea?anueei? iaeaea?aeaaei?i?no?aoe?? a?ae 8 eeiiy 1998 ?ieo ?116).

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeey iiaeieaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii? e?ece a
ainiiaea?nueeiio eiiieaen? Euea?anueei? iaeano?, ?icaeoeo aeiiii?/ii
aeioe?eueieo ciai?oiuei-aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a ia? no?aoaa?y oi?ioaaiiy
ni?eyoeeaiai iae?ina?aaeiaeua ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?, iniiai? iai?yie
yei? aecia/ai? a ?ic?iaeaieo ca aaciina?aaeiueith o/anoth aeena?oaioa
“Eiioeaioe?? ciai?oiuei-aeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? Euea?anueei? iaeano? oa
caoiae?a uiaei ?? ?aae?caoe?? i?ioyaii 1995-1997 ?ie?a”, “Ieai?
i?iaaaeaiiy ?ia?o ii aea/aiith aeioe?eueiino? noai?aiiy niaoe?aeueieo
(a?eueieo) aeiiii?/ieo cii o Euea?anuee?e iaeano?”. E??i oiai,
i?iiiceoe?? aeena?oaioa uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?ci?a aea?aeaaiiai
?aaoethaaiiy ?aaeeio ?iicaiiiai ?iaanooaaiiy ciaeoee ao?eaiiy a
“Iniiaieo canaaeao i?ia?aie oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie i?eeiio ?iicaiieo
eai?oae?a o Euea?anuee?e iaeano? ia 1998-2000 ?iee” oa iaoa??aeao
?iai/i? i?aea?oie “O?ainei?aeiiia ni?a?ia?oieoeoai”
Oe?a?inueei-Iieuenueei? ?iai/i? a?oie c ieoaiue e?aa?ae?caoe?? aca?iii?
oi?a?ae? (aeia?aeea Euea?anueeiai iaeaniiai oi?aae?iiy ciai?oi?o
aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a a?ae 11 /a?aiy 1999 ?ieo ?327).

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe oa ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue oa iaaiai?thaaeenue ia ainueie
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo oa nai?ia?ao, a naia: “I?iaeaie
?aa?iiaeueii? o?ainei?aeiiii? ni?ai?aoe?” (AEaooa, ?anioae?ea Iieueua,
1996 ??e), “O?oaeiaee iioaioe?ae Oe?a?ie oa eiai ?aae?caoe?y a oiiaao
?icaoaeiae iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee” (Euea?a, 1997 ??e), “Noni?eueia
aa?o?noue o?ainei?aeiiieo i?a?aoe?e” (AEaooa, ?anioae?ea Iieueua, 1997
??e), “?ioaa?aoe?y aeiiii?/ieo ?ioa?an?a niiaeea/i? eiiia?aoe?? a
iaoe?iiaeueii-aea?aeaai? ?ioa?ane Oe?a?ie” (Euea?a, 1997 ??e), “I?iaeaie
oi?ioaaiiy ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? no?aoaa?? a oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe?eieo
i?ioean?a a Oe?a?i?” (Ee?a, 1998 ??e), “Ciai?oiuei-aeiiii?/i? a?aeiineie
Oe?a?ie ? Iieueu?” (Euea?a, 1998 ??e), “Caeo/aiiy o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a a
Oe?a?i?: no/aniee noai, iiaeeeaino?, ia?niaeoeae” (Euea?a, 1998 ??e),
“*eiieee ? aa?’??e ?aa?iiaeueii? o?ainei?aeiiii? ni?ai?aoe? – ni?iaa
neioaco” (AEaooa, ?anioae?ea Iieueua, 1998 ??e) oa iioae?eiaai? a 12
noaooyo oa iaoa??aeao eiioa?aioe?e caaaeueiei ianyaii a 5,4 ae.a., c ieo
iniaenoi aaoi?a 4,3 ae.a.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa
neeaaea?oueny c anooio, 3-o ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, i?noeoue 29 oaaeeoeue,
20 ?enoie?a oa 3 oi?ioee. Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ia’?aeio? 150
iaca. Ci?no aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii ia 176 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai
oaenoo, c yeeo 162 oaenoiaa /anoeia.

INIIAI? IIEIAEAIIss AeENA?OAOe?EII? ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie, aecia/aia iaoa oa caaaeaiiy,
i?aaeiao ? ia’?eo aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, aena?oeai? iaoeiaa iiaecia,
i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ? ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

?icae?e 1. “O?ainei?aeiiia ni?a?ia?oieoeoai – ia’?eoeaia ia?aaeoiiaa
?ioaa?aoe?? o na?oiaa ainiiaea?noai” aeeth/a? o?e i?ae?icae?ee.
?icaeyiooi oai?aoe/i? ia?aaeoiiae oi?ioaaiiy o?ainei?aeiiieo aeiiii?/ieo
ca’yce?a, ?o ci?no, aeaeiao no?oeoo?o, i?aeia?iaeiee aeina?ae oa iai?yie
eiai canoinoaaiiy a Oe?a?i?.

Ia iniia? ii??aiyiiy aoaeo?a a?eueii? oi?a?ae? oa i?ioaeoe?ii?cio
aeena?oaio iaa?oioiao? aeioe?euei?noue aeoeaii? o/ano? iaoi? e?a?ie a
aeiiii?/ieo ?ioaa?aoe?eieo i?ioeanao, ye? ni?eythoue i?aeaeuaiith
aoaeoeaiino? iaoe?iiaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa. Iniaeeaa oaaaa
iaaieioo?oueny ia ?ie? i?aeia?iaeieo i?ae?aa?iiaeueieo ca’yce?a – iiaiai
iai?yio ciai?oi?o a?aeiinei, ui ?aae?co?oueny ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?,
yeo aeoeaii i?iaiaeyoue, ianaiia?aae, i?eei?aeiii? iaeano?, aeey yeeo
i?ae?aa?iiaeueia ni?ai?aoey cae?enith?oueny ye i?eei?aeiiia.

O a?o/eciyi?e oa ca?oa?aei?e e?oa?aoo?? i?ae o?ainei?aeiiiei
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaii, ye i?aaeei, ?icoi?thoue ni?euei? ae??, ni?yiiaai? ia
iineeaiiy oa ?icaeoie aeia?inon?aenueeeo a?aeiinei i?ae oa?eoi??aeueieie
i?aaiaie aeaaee i?eei?aeiiieo aea?aeaa, ye? ?aae?cothoueny oeyoii
oeeaaeaiiy i?ae?aa?iiaeueieo oaiae ? aeiiiaeaiinoae.

Ia iaoo aeoieo, o?ainei?aeiii? ca’ycee – oea ca’ycee, ye? aeieeathoue o
noa?? iie?oeee, aeiiii?ee, ioi?iie iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua,
eoeueoo?e, ina?oe, aeaiia?ao?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy, ?ioeo aaeocyo a iaaeao
aecia/aiiai o?ainei?aeiiiiai i?inoi?o – oa?eoi???, yea ioiieth? aeaa aai
a?eueoa ?aa?ii?a i?eei?aeiiieo aea?aeaa ? ia’?aeio? ?o ca iaaieie
aaia?ao?/ieie oa nioe?aeueii-?noi?e/ieie iciaeaie. A?aeiia?aeii
o?ainei?aeiii? aeiiii?/i? ca’ycee – oea nenoaia aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei oa
?ioa?an?a ia i?ae?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?, ui oi?iothoueny oa ?icaeaathoueny
a i?ioean? ooieoe?iioaaiiy ni?eueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa, iiae?eo ?
niaoe?ae?caoe?? noni?eueii? i?aoe?, ?icoe?aiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee oa
aecia/athoueny ae??th aeiiii?/ieo caeii?a, ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaith aacith ?
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iei na?aaeiaeuai i?eei?aeiiieo ?aa?ii?a.

O aeena?oaoe?? i?iiiio?oueny no?oeoo?oaaoe o?ainei?aeiii? aeiiii?/i?
ca’ycee ia o?e iniiai? aeaee, a naia: ciai?oiueioi?aiaaeuei?
o?ainei?aeiii? ca’ycee (ioiieththoue aeiiii?/i? a?aeiineie, iia’ycai? c
?ooii aenii?oii-?iii?oieo oiaa?iiioie?a); o?iainiai-?iaanoeoe?ei?
o?ainei?aeiii? ca’ycee (iai?io eai?oaeo) oa nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i?
o?ainei?aeiii? ca’ycee (eiiieaen nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo i?iaeai).

Nenoaiiee aiae?c i?aeia?iaeiiai aeina?aeo o ?icaeoeo o?ainei?aeiiiiai
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa iieacaa, ui iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiith i?aai?caoe?eiith
oi?iith eiioeaio?aoe?? i?ae?aa?iiaeueieo ?i?oe?aoea ? ?a?i?aa?iie. I?ae
oeei iiiyooyi ne?ae ?icoi?oe oa?eoi??th aeia?ia?eueiiai o?ainei?aeiiiiai
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa, a iaaeao yei? oeyoii aeiiii?/ii?, eoeueoo?ii? oa
aoiai?oa?ii? aca?iiae?? ?aae?cothoueny eiie?aoi? o?ainei?aeiii? i?iaeoe,
ae??oothoueny i?iaeaie caeiyoino?, ?icaeoeo ?io?ano?oeoo?e, aeieia??
oiui.

Iniaeeaa ?ieue o ?icaeoeo o?ainei?aeiiieo ca’yce?a iaeaaeeoue
iaea?eueo?e o ?a?ii? o?ainei?aeiii?e ?inoeoooe?? – i?ae?aa?iiaeuei?e
anioe?aoe?? “Ea?iaonueeee ?a?i?aa?ii” (noai?aia 14 ethoiai 1993 ?ieo ca
o/anoth i?eei?aeiiieo ?aa?ii?a Oe?a?ie, Iieueu?, Neiaa//eie, Oai?ueie oa
?oioi??), ine?eueee ?? ae?yeuei?noue iiai?noth a?aeiia?aea? i?eioeeiai
?a?iiaenueei? ?aieiai? Eiiaaioe?? c o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa
i?ae aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oa?eoi??aeueieie iaeeieoeyie oa i?aaiaie aeaaee.
A?aeiia?aeii aei noaoooo Ea?iaonueeiai ?a?i?aa?iio oa i?aai?caoe?eii?
no?oeoo?e, iiaeaii? ia ?en. 1, iaeaeuei i?aaiii anioe?aoe?? ? ?aaea
?a?i?aa?iio.

Aei ?? neeaaeo aoiaeyoue ii o?e i?aaenoaaieee a?ae eiaeiiai o/anieea
anioe?aoe??. Aieiaiith iniaith, ui a?aeiia?aea? ca ooieoe?iioaaiiy
no?oeoo? ?a?i?aa?iio, ? aeeiiaa/ee aee?aeoi?. A?i iae?a?oueny ?aaeith c
/enea eaiaeeaeao?a ia eiieo?ni?e iniia? ? cae?enith? oi?aae?iiy
anioe?aoe??th /a?ac nae?aoa??ao ? iaoe?iiaeueieo i?aaenoaaiee?a. Ia
aeaiiio aoai? ooieoe?iiothoue 4 ?iai/? eii?n??.

?en. 1. I?aai?caoe?eia no?oeoo?a i?aeaea?aeaaii?

anioe?aoe?? “Ea?iaonueeee ?a?i?aa?ii”.

A?aoiaoth/e iniaeeaino? no/anieo o?ainei?aeiiieo ca’yce?a a aeena?oaoe??
i?iiiio?oueny ?icoe?eoe neeaae ?iai/eo eii?n?e oeyoii oi?ioaaiiy eii?n??
c ieoaiue o?ainei?aeiiii? i?a?aoe?? ?iai/i? neee oa eii?n?? c ieoaiue
aeene?ei?iaoe?? oa o?aaoethaaiiy iaio?oe?eieo o?ainei?aeiiieo ca’yce?a.
E??i oiai, iaaeinoaoiy ae??a?noue o?ainei?aeiiieo ooai?aiue,
iaoiiaeth?oueny a?aenooi?noth ?aaeueiiai o?iainoaaiiy, iaaecia/ai?noth
aeaea?ae o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a, oi?i ? i??i?eoao?a ?o oi?ioaaiiy. Oiio
aoei a aeioe?eueiei noai?eoe oiiae ?icaeoeo o?ainei?aeiiii? ni?ai?aoe?
oeyoii aeoioethaaiiy eioo?a noa’?eo?a i?aei?e?iieoeoaa i?eei?aeiiieo
iaeanoae oa niinoa?aaeio ?aaeo aeey eiio?ieth ca oe?eueiaei ?o
aeei?enoaiiyi oa aeio?eiaiiyi i?eioeeio “i?ici?ino?”.

Aiae?c ae?yeueiino? i?ae?aa?iiaeueii? anioe?aoe?? “Ea?iaonueeee
?a?i?aa?ii” i?ioyaii inoaii?o i’yoe ?ie?a i?aeoaa?aeea aeioe?euei?noue
?? ?nioaaiiy ? aaaiio ?ieue o iaeaaiaeaeaii? aeia?inon?aenueeeo
a?aeiinei oa ?icaeoeo aeiiii?/ieo oa aoiai?oa?ieo ca’yce?a i?eei?aeiiieo
?aa?ii?a. Iaeiae ? ua iecea no?eioth/eo oaeoi??a na?aae yeeo iaaeinoaoiy
aeoeai?noue i?noeaaeo i?aai?a aea?aeaaii? aeaaee oa a?aenooi?noue
oeaio?ae?ciaaiiai o?iainoaaiiy c aieo aea?aeaae, a oaeiae aeanieo eioo?a
?aa?ii?a ia oe? oe?e?. Ie?aiith i?iaeaiith ? ?ica?aeiino? a ieoiiio,
iiaeaoeiaiio oa ?ioiio niaoe?aeueiiio caeiiiaeaanoa? e?a?i-o/anieoeue.
I?e oeueiio ne?ae caoaaaeeoe, ui iaaeinoaoiy oaaaa iaaea?oueny ?icaeoeo
ae?iaie/i? eiiia?aoe?? i?ae i?aei?e?inoaaie non?aei?o aea?aeaa, oi/a
?nioth/? i?eeeaaee aeiiii?/iiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa aeacothoue ia ?? aenieo
aoaeoeai?noue.

?icae?e 2. Iniiai? oaiaeaioe?? oa ia?aaeoiiae ?icaeoeo o?ainei?aeiiieo
ca’yce?a a oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie Oe?a?ie aeeth/a?
o?e i?ae?icae?ee. Iiaeaii aiae?c ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiai? aace, aena?oeaii
oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo o?ainei?aeiiieo aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a Ea?iaonueeiai
?a?i?aa?iio.

Aoaeoeai?noue i?iaeo?a o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa cia/iith
i??ith caeaaeeoue a?ae noaio iie?oeei-i?aaiaiai na?aaeiaeua ye ia ??ai?
?aa?ii?a eiie?aoii? i?eei?aeiiii? aea?aeaae, oae ? ia i?aeia?iaei?e
a?ai?. Aeoiaey/e c oiai, ui ii?ie i?aeia?iaeiiai i?aaa, ye? aeciaea
Oe?a?ia a eiiieaen? c nenoaiith i?aeaea?aeaaieo oa i?ae?aa?iiaeueieo
oaiae caaacia/othoue aeinoaoi?e ??aaiue i?aaiaiai caaacia/aiiy
o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa, aeena?oaio aaaaea?, ui iaia? iio?aae
o oi?ioaaii? iniaeeai? ii?iaoeaii? aace aeey ?aaoethaaiiy ieoaiue
o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa a Oe?a?i?. Eiai i?aaia? canaaee
iiaeii? ?icaeaaoeny /a?ac aaeineiiaeaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i
ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/io ae?yeuei?noue caaaeii c a?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae
o?ainei?aeiiieo ca’yce?a o niaoe?aeueiiio caeiiiaeaanoa?.

Na?oiaa i?aeoeea o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa o oi?i?
“?a?i?aa?ii?a” ia?aaeaa/a? aca?iiae?th i?ae ??aiioe?iieie ia?oia?aie.
Iaeiae aiae?c ?nioth/eo aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a cana?ae/ea
iaaea?aaeaioi?noue ?eieiaeo na?aaeiaeu o/aniee?a o?ainei?aeiiiiai
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei ai?a?aoe?? eaae?o?eiaaii? ?iai/i?
neee c Oe?a?ie a iaoeea?e?ciaaieo oi?iao, ?iii?oo iecueeioaoiieia?/iiai
iaeaaeiaiiy oa oi?aiaaeueiiai eai?oaeo, a oaeiae aenii?oo eai?oae?a a
aeaiiceoi?e oi?i? c iaoi? e?a?ie.

?icii/aaoe aeiiii?/i? ?aoi?ie ?ai?oa a?ae Oe?a?ie caaaeyee
e?aa?ae?caoe?? aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii?
ae?yeueiino?, Iieueua, Neiaa//eia, ?oioi?y oa Oai?ueia aeinyaioee
aeinoaoiuei aenieeo ?acoeueoao?a ?icaeoeo ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae?. Ca
?acoeueoaoaie 1998 ?ieo ianya ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae? oiaa?aie ia aeooo
ianaeaiiy o Neiaa//ei? neeaa 3,7 oen. aeie. NOA, a Oai?uei? – 2,7 oen.
aeie. NOA, o Iieueu? – 1,6 oen. aeie. NOA, a a Oe?a?i? eeoa 0,5 oen.
aeie. NOA. Ii??aiyiiy ianya?a aenii?oo oiaa??a aeacaieo e?a?i ia
iaeeieoeth ianaeaiiy aeaeyaea? aeaui iaio eiio?anoiei. A?aeiia?aeiee
iieaciee a Oai?uei? neeaa 1,2 oen. aeie. NOA, Iieueu? – 0,6 oen. aeie.
NOA, Neiaa//ei? oa ?oioi?? ii 0,4 oen. aeie. NOA, a a Oe?a?i? – 0,3 oen.
aeie. NOA.

Ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aaoi? noaa?aeaeo?, ui i?ioeane
e?aa?ae?caoe?? aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae? oa oaeoi?
i?eei?aeiiiiai ?icoaooaaiiy a?ae?a?athoue ?noioiee aieea ia ianya
o?ainei?aeiiieo oiaa?iiioie?a, iacaaaeath/e ia a?aenooi?noue ?aaeeio
a?eueii? oi?a?ae? oa iayai?noue oe?ei? aaie oa?eoieo oa iaoa?eoieo
iaiaaeaiue. Oea i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny aeyaeaieie a aeine?aeaeaii?
oaiaeaioe?yie ?icaeoeo (?en. 2).

Aeine?aeaeaiiy o?ainei?aeiiieo ciai?oiueioi?aiaaeueieo ca’yce?a
iieacaei, ui ?o aoaeoeai?noue cia/iith i??ith aecia/a?oueny no?oeoo?ith
aenii?oii-?iii?oieo iinoaaie, yea iiina?aaeeiaaii na?ae/eoue i?i
aoaeoeai?noue aeiiii?ee anueiai ?aa?iio, eiai niaoe?ae?caoe?th, ??aaiue
oaoi?/iiai ?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa oa aenii?oi? iiaeeeaino?. Aiae?c
oiaa?ii? no?oeoo?e ciai?oiueioi?aiaaeueieo iioie?a Euea?anueei? iaeano?
c e?a?iaie Ea?iaonueeiai ?a?i?aa?iio, cie?aia c Iieueuath, iieacaa
iaaeinoaoi?e ??aaiue aoaeoeaiino? o?ainei?aeiiieo ca’yce?a aeacaiiai
aeaeo. I?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi oeueiai ? a?ae’?iia naeueaei
ciai?oiuei-oi?aiaaeueiiai iai?ioo oa ia?aoe?iiaeueia no?oeoo?a
aenii?oii-?iii?oieo iia?aoe?e. Oae eeoa ca aeaiia oaoiieia?/ii
iia’ycaieie oiaa?ieie a?oiaie, ui aoee i?aaeiaoii aenii?oii-?iii?oieo
iia?aoe?e i?ioyaii 1998 ?ieo, aiane?aeie iaaeinoaoiuei? ia?a?iaee
ne?iaeie ia oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie, ? iaaiaee, aeaacaiiy ?? a Iieueuo oa
iiaeaeueoiai ?iii?oo aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??, Euea?anueea iaeanoue caciaea
oiiaieo aeiiii?/ieo ao?ao o aeaeyae? ?iaanooaaiiy ca?oa?aeiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa a ?ici??? 4,5 iei. aeie. NOA.

?en. 2. Aeeiai?ea ci?ie ianya?a ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae? e?a?i

Ea?iaonueeiai ?a?i?aa?iio i?ioyaii 1993-98 ??.

?icae?e 3. Iaa?oiooaaiiy i??i?eoao?a ? iaoiaeeei-i?aai?caoe?eieo canaae
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? o?ainei?aeiiieo aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a aeeth/a?
/ioe?e i?ae?icae?ee. Iaa?oioiaaii iaoiaee/i? canaaee ioe?iee
aoaeoeaiino? o?ainei?aeiiieo oi?aiaaeueieo ca’yce?a, ?ice?eoi ?ieue
niaoe?aeueieo (a?eueieo) aeiiii?/ieo cii oa i?eei?aeiiii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e
o i?aeaeuaii? aoaeoeaiino? o?ainei?aeiiieo ca’yce?a Ea?iaonueeiai
?a?i?aa?iio. Iiaeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?ci?a
aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy o?aiceoieo oiaa?iiioie?a, ui i?ioiaeyoue /a?ac
ieoio oa?eoi??th iaoi? aea?aeaae.

I?e cae?eniaii? aeiiii?/iiai aiae?co o?ainei?aeiiieo
ciai?oiueioi?aiaaeueieo ca’yce?a ?aa?iio aaaeeeaa i?noea caeia?
?ic?aooiie a?aeiinieo oa aaniethoieo iieaciee?a aoaeoeaiino? aenii?oieo
iia?aoe?e. C oe??th iaoith o aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? aaeaioiaai? ?nioth/?
iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? o?ainei?aeiiieo aenii?oieo
oiaa?iiioie?a Euea?anueei? iaeano? o ?anioae?eo Iieueuo.

Aaciina?aaeiueith ioe?ieith aoaeue-yei? aenii?oii? iia?aoe?? iiaea
neoaeeoe iieaciee aaethoii? aoaeoeaiino? (aaethoiee eiao?oe??io,
eoi?aaeueia ni?iiiaei?noue aaethoe, oiaa?iee eo?n oiui). Aeey
canoinoaaiiy oeueiai iieacieea c iaoith ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? aenii?oo a
?aieao o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa, canoino?ii ianooiio oi?ioeo:

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000000b0200000000050000000c024008e00a1200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000100
00000c0ffffffbfffffffa00a0000ff0700000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706
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2200434040500000013022004860a10000000fb02c0fd000000000000900100000002000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 (1)

aea AiaeA? –
ciai?oiueioi?aiaaeueiapicscalex10001000900000354000000000012000000000005
0000000902000000000400000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005
000000310201000000050000000b0200000000050000000c02200220011200000026060f
001a00ffffffff000010000000c0ffffffa6ffffffe0000000c60100000b00000026060f
000c004d61746854797065000050000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000003
000000000000000000000220040004050000ffffff00ffffff00ffffff00000000000000
00oe?ia iaeeieoe? ?-ai oiaa?o aai iineoae, aaethoieo iae.;

N A? – e?euee?noue ?-ai aeaeo aenii?oiiai oiaa?o;

CiaeA? – aeeneiioiaai? aeo?aoe ia ae?iaieoeoai ? ?aae?caoe?th iaeeieoe?
?-ai aeaeo oiaa?o a?i.;

m – /enei iaca oiaa??a aai iineoa a aenii?oiiio aea?aaeaio?.

Aiae?c iieaciee?a aaethoii? aoaeoeaiino? iieacaa, ui i?ioyaii 1998 ?ieo
aenii?o i?aeoe/ii an?o oiaa?ieo a?oi o Iieueuo, ca aeiyoeii aacae?io oa
ia?ao?io iaooiaiai aoa aeinoaoiuei aoaeoeaiei. I?e/iio iaeaeuee ??aaiue
aaethoii? aoaeoeaiino? na?aae aenii?oiaaieo oiaa??a iaee iinoaaee
a?aeoiae?a oa a?oooo /i?ieo iaoae?a (0,769 aeie.NOA/a?i.), iaia?iaeaieo
e?niiaoa??ae?a – aeoaiaeo (0,761 aeie.NOA/a?i.), aoeiaeo (0,723
aeie.NOA/a?i.) oa oaieieo (0,678 aeie.NOA/a?i.), ieeo c aea?aaeie (0,671
aeie.NOA/a?i.) oa oe?? aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae (0,629 aeie.NOA/a?i.).
Aeei?enoaiiy oi?ioee (1) aea? iiaeeea?noue ?ic?aooaaoe aaee/eio
aaethoii? aoaeoeaiino? aenii?oo aeey an?o oiaa??a, ui aoiaeyoue o
aenii?oiee aea?aaeaio. sse iieacaee ?ic?aooiee, i?e cae?eniaii? aenii?oo
oiaa??a, ui iathoue iaea?eueoo ieoiio aaao o ianyaao aenii?oo, noa’?eoe
ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? Euea?anueei? iaeano? o 1998 ?ioe?
io?eioaaee ia 1 a?i. cao?ao 0,46 aeie. NOA aeioiaeo.

C iaoith c?noaaeaiiy ei?eniiai aoaeoo c aeeneiioiaaieie aeo?aoaie
noa’?eo?a ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? Euea?anueei? iaeano? o
aeena?oaoe?? i?iaaaeaiee ?ic?aooiie iieaciee?a a?aeiinii? aoaeoeaiino?.
A?aeiia?aeiee iieaciee, aaeaioiaaiee aeey ioe?iee a?aeiinii?
aoaeoeaiino? o?ainei?aeiiieo ciai?oiueioi?aiaaeueieo iia?aoe?e aoa
?ic?aoiaaiee ca ianooiiith oi?ioeith:
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 (2)

, aea V – iieaciee iai?iiiai eo?no ?iicaiii? aaethoe ii a?aeiioaiith aei
a?eai?.

Aeacaiee iieaciee a?aeiinii? aoaeoeaiino? aeicaieea c?noaaeoe ae?o/eo
a?ae ?aae?caoe?? oiaa?o ia ciai?oiueiio ?eieo (ae?aaeaio o a?eaiyo) c
aeeneiioiaaieie aeo?aoaie ia ae?iaieoeoai oa caoo oe??? i?iaeoeoe?? o
iaoe?iiaeuei?e aaetho?. Iaea?aeai? o ?acoeueoao? ?ic?aooie?a iieacieee
a?aeiinii? aoaeoeaiino? aenii?oo, e??i iaeiiai (aenii?o aacae?io oa
iaooiaiai ia?ao?io) ? aeueie a?ae iaeeieoe?, ui na?ae/eoue i?i cia/iee
??aaiue oeueiai iieacieea. ?iciiae?e iieaciee?a aoaeoeaiino? ca ?o
aaee/eiaie aeicaieea aeae?eeoe 4 a?oie oiaa??a, ui aenii?oothoueny a
?aieao o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa Euea?anueei? iaeano? c
Iieueuath. Aei ia?oi? a?oie (c aenieei ??aiai iieacieea a?aeiinii?
aoaeoeaiino?) oa?eoee oiaa?e, cia/aiiy iieacieea aoaeoeaiino? yeeo ?
a?eueoei a?ae 2,0: a?aeoiaee oa a?ooo /i?ieo iaoae?a (2,636 a?i./a?i.);
e?niiaoa??aee iaia?iaeai? aeoaia? (2,608 a?i./a?i.); aoeia? (2,477
a?i./a?i.) oa oaiei? (2,322 a?i./a?i.); ieeoe c aea?aaeie (2,30
a?i./a?i.) oa oe??a aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae (2,157 a?i./a?i.). Aei
ae?oai? a?oie (??aaiue iieacieea a?aeiinii? aoaeoeaiino? a iaaeao a?ae
1,5 aei 2,0) oa?eoee iaoaeieiino?oeoe?? (1,903 a?i./a?i.), i?ieao
ieineee c cae?ca ? iaeaaiaaii? noae? (1,538 a?i./a?i.), ian?iiy
niiyoieea (1,734 a?i./a?i.), n?eue (1,713 a?i./a?i.), aeaeo?e/i?
aeoioeyoi?e (1,674 a?i./a?i.) oa ian?iiy ??iaeo (1,603 a?i./a?i.).
O?aoth a?oio (c iecueeei ??aiai iieacieea a?aeiinii? aoaeoeaiino?
aenii?oo a iaaeao a?ae 1,0 aei 1,5) neeaaeathoue iie?aoeeai (1,309
a?i./a?i.), oeaioe? /i?ieo iaoae?a (1,186 a?i./a?i.), eaca?i (1,081
a?i./a?i.), iieiei oa aa?oee o ii?ioeo (1,072 a?i./a?i.). Aei /aoaa?oi?
a?oie a?aeiinyoueny oiaa?e c iieacieeii EAa

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