19

IIIINOA?NOAI CIAIIOIIO AEIIIII*IEO CA’ssCEIA I OI?AIAEI OE?A?IE

OE?A?INUeEA AEAAeAI?ss CIAI?OIUeI? OI?A?AE?

Ae A Oe E I A

?inoeneaa Ieoaeeiae/

OAeE 339.92(477)/338(100)

O?AINEI?AeIII? AEIIII?*I? CA’ssCEE

EA?IAONUeEIAI ?A?I?AA?IIO OA ?O AOAEOEAI?NOUe

Ciaoe?aeuei?noue: 08.05.01.

“Na?oiaa ainiiaea?noai ? i?aeia?iaei? aeiiii?/i? a?aeiineie”

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

AeENA?OAOe?? IA CAeIAOOOss IAOEIAIAI NOOIAIss

EAIAeEAeAOA AEIIII?*IEO IAOE

Ee?a 1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? i?aeia?iaeii? aeiiii?ee Oe?a?inueei?
aeaaeai?? ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae? I?i?noa?noaa ciai?oi?o aeiiii?/ieo
ca’yce?a ? oi?a?ae? Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee-aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aiae??e/oe A?eoi? A?eai?iae/,

i?i?aeoi? c iaoeiai? ?iaioe

Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai?? ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae?Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe-aeieoi?
aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aecthaee Noaiai Aeaieeiae/,

i?ioani? Aeaaeai?? aea?aeaaiiai

oi?aae?iiy i?e I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

Oaoethe Aiaoie?e Ieeieaeiae/,

Noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee ?inoeoooo

Na?oiai? aeiiii?ee ? i?aeia?iaeieo

a?aeiinei IAI Oe?a?ieI?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y- ?inoeooo i?aeia?iaeieo
a?aeiinei

Ee?anueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo

?i. O.Oaa/aiea, i. Ee?aCaoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny 12 aeiaoiy
1999 ?ieo i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E
26.847.01 a Oe?a?inuee?e aeaaeai?? ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae? I?i?noa?noaa
ciai?oi?o aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a ? oi?a?ae? Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252042,
Ee?a-42, aoe. *eai??ia, 57a.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Oe?a?inueei?
aeaaeai?? ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae? I?i?noa?noaa ciai?oi?o aeiiii?/ieo
ca’yce?a ? oi?a?ae? Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 3 na?iiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
A?eoeae O.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?noi??y ?icaeoeo aeiiii?/ieo
a?aeiinei i?ae aea?aeaaaie na?ae/eoue i?i aacia?niaeoeai?noue eo?no ia
naii?cieyoe?th, yeee iaieio/a i?ecaiaeeoue aei oaoiieia?/iiai
a?aenoaaaiiy oa aeiiii?/ieo ao?ao. Oiio iaoa e?a?ia iiaeiia i?eeiyoe
aeoeaio o/anoue a ?ioaa?aoe?eieo i?ioeanao, iniaeeai oeo, ui
a?aeaoaathoueny a no/ani?e ?a?ii?. Aeey ?aae?caoe?? oe??? no?aoaa?/ii?
iaoe iaiao?aeii noi?ioaaoe ni?eyoeeaa iae?ina?aaeiaeua, ia?o ca ana,
oeyoii aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aaiaiai iiey, ?aae?caoe?? aeiiii?/ieo ?aoi?i
aeey iaeneiaeueiiai iaaeeaeaiiy iieaciee?a nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai
?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie aei i?aeia?iaeieo noaiaea?o?a. Iniaeeaa ?ieue a
?icaeoeo oeeo i?ioean?a iaeaaeeoue o?ainei?aeiiiiio ni?a?ia?oieoeoao
i?eei?aeiiieo oa?eoi??e Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy ??cieo aniaeo?a i?iaeaie o?ainei?aeiiiiai
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa o?eueee ii/eia?oueny. Aea ?ioa?an aei oeueiai iai?yio
i?ae?aa?iiaeueieo aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei iino?eii c?inoa?, ianaiia?aae,
caaaeyee oni?oiiio ?icaeoeo o?ainei?aeiiieo ?inoeoooe?e a ?a?ii?.
?ioaa?aoe?ei? i?ioeane ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai? iaoi? e?a?ie
?aae?cothoueny o oi?i? ?a?i?aa?ii?a “Aoa”, “Aeoiae” oa “Ea?iaonueeiai
?a?i?aa?iio”, noai?aieo ca o/anoth i?eei?aeiiieo iaeanoae Oe?a?ie oa
non?aei?o aea?aeaa. Aea iaaeiioe?iea iiaeeeainoae noi?iiaaieo a Oe?a?i?
o?ainei?aeiiieo ?inoeoooe?e oa a?aenooi?noue ie?aieo i?aaiaeo iaoai?ci?a
ia aeathoue iiaeeeaino? aaeaiooaaoe iiaiith i??ith i?aeia?iaeiee
aeina?ae a oe?e noa??.

A i?aoeyo a?o/eciyieo a/aieo A.Aiae??e/oea, A.Aaoiyieia, I.A?e?iueeiai,
A.Aoaee?ia, ?.Ao?aeianueeiai, A.Aaeoey, I.Aeie?oiueiai, N.Aecthaeea,
I.Aeoae/aiea, E.E?noa?nueeiai, A.Eei/ea, I.Eocuei?ia, Ae.Eoe’yiaiea,
TH.Iaeiaiia, A.Iie?y, A.Iiaeoeueeiai, A.Iieuaiea, I.?iaa/a, A.Nai/aiea,
A.N?ei?e, A.O?e?iaiea, A.Oaoethea, ?.Oeiee, I.ssie?aa, ca?oa?aeieo
a/aieo ?.A?iona, N.Caoa?iaa, A.C?iaeaiaa?aa, Aeae.?ia?aia, I.Ii?oa?a,
Aeae.Oaiaea?niia, O.E?iaa, ?.E?oianueeiai, O.Eioea?a, A.Eouaiea,
A.Iaaeaaae?aa, Ae.Naena, E.Oiooiaia, I.*ieieaeaeana, A.Oaaaeiaa oa ?ioeo
aeine?aeaeothoueny ie?ai? iai?yie ?icaeoeo aeiiii?/ieo ?ioaa?aoe?eieo
i?ioean?a. Iaeiae iiaeia noaa?aeaeoaaoe i?i iaaeinoaoi?noue ?ic?iaee
oeeo i?iaeai, iniaeeai a /anoei? aena?oeaiiy aeiiii?/ieo aniaeo?a
i?ae?aa?iiaeueieo, cie?aia o?ainei?aeiiieo ca’yce?a, ?o ci?noo, aeaeiai?
no?oeoo?e, i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ieo oi?i ?aae?caoe?? oa iaoiaeeee
ioe?iee aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?. Oeei iaoiiaeaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeeiiaia ca?aeii c ianooiieie iaoeiai-aeine?aeieie ?iaioaie Oe?a?inueei?
aeaaeai?? ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae?: “Aeine?aeaeaiiy ci?i o
na?oiainiiaea?nueeeo a?aeiineiao, aecia/aiiy iaoai?cio caaacia/aiiy
oiaa?ii? oa ?aa?iiaeueii? aeeaa?neo?eaoe?? ? ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? ciai?oi?o
aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a, ?o aieeao ia oi?aiaee aaeain Oe?a?ie” (iiia?
aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? 0197U014990): aoai 4 “Aiae?c
ciai?oiuei-oi?aiaaeueiiai aaeaino Oe?a?ie a oiaa?iiio oa ?aa?iiaeueiiio
?ic??c? ? ?ic?iaea i?iiiceoe?e ii iie?ioaiith no?oeoo?e oa i?aeaeuaiith
caaeainiaaiino? oiaa?iiai?io” (iaoeiai-aiae?oe/ia caienea); aoai 5
“Ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?ic?iaea i?iiiceoe?e ii
aaeineiiaeaiith iaoai?cio ?aaoethaaiiy ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae? Oe?a?ie,
caaacia/aiiy ?? oiaa?ii? oa ?aa?iiaeueii? aeeaa?neo?eaoe?? ?
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? ia iniia? ia?aoiaeo a?ae oi?aiaaeueii? aei
ae?iaie/i-?iaanoeoe?eii? iiaeae? ciai?oi?o aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a”, a
oaeiae “?ic?iaea i?iaeoo ?aoe?iiae?caoe?? ?iii?oii-aenii?oii? iie?oeee
Oe?a?ie” (iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? 0197U014993): aoai 1
“Oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae? oa ?o a?aeiia?aei?noue
aeiiii?/iei ?ioa?anai Oe?a?ie” (aiae?oe/ia caienea); aoai 2
“Eiioeaiooaeuei? canaaee ?aoe?iiae?caoe?? ?iii?oii-aenii?oii? iie?oeee
Oe?a?ie”; aoai 3 “?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii aaeineiiaeaiith ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiai?
aace ?aaoethaaiiy ciai?oi?o aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a, i?eaaaeaiiy ?? o
a?aeiia?aei?noue c aeiiaaie AAOO/NIO oa iio?aaaie ?aoi?ioaaiiy ?
no?oeoo?ii? ia?aaoaeiae aeiiii?ee”.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a iaa?oiooaaii? i??i?eoaoieo iai?yi?a
aoaeoeaii? ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee c o?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae
i?eei?aeiiieo iaeanoae Oe?a?ie. A?aeiia?aeii aei iinoaaeaii? iaoe
ia?aaeaa/aeinue ae??oeoe ianooii? caaaeaiiy:

? aecia/eoe ci?no, aeaeiao no?oeoo?o oa i?aai?caoe?ei? oi?ie ?aae?caoe??
o?ainei?aeiiieo aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a;

? i?iaanoe nenoaiiee aiae?c i?aeia?iaeiiai aeina?aeo o?ainei?aeiiiiai
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa oa iaa?oiooaaoe iai?yie eiai canoinoaaiiy a Oe?a?i?;

? aeyaeoe no/ani? oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo o?ainei?aeiiieo aeiiii?/ieo
ca’yce?a Ea?iaonueeiai ?a?i?aa?iio oa ?o aieea ia i?ioean
ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie;

? ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee oa i?iaanoe ioe?ieo aoaeoeaiino?
o?ainei?aeiiieo aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a ia iniia? iieaciee?a a?aeiinii? oa
aaniethoii? aoaeoeaiino? aenii?oieo iia?aoe?e noa’?eo?a
i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino? Euea?anueei? iaeano?;

? aecia/eoe ?ieue niaoe?aeueieo (a?eueieo) aeiiii?/ieo cii o ?icaeoeo
aoaeoeaieo o?ainei?aeiiieo aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a;

? iaa?oiooaaoe ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?ci?a
aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy i?aeia?iaeieo o?aiceoieo oiaa?iiioie?a.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy — iniaeeaino? ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino?
i?eei?aeiiieo ?aa?ii?a Oe?a?ie a oiiaao o?ainei?aeiiiiai
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa.

Ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy — i?aei?e?inoaa, i?aai?caoe??, i?aaie aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aae?iiy oa ?io? noa’?eoe ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? a iaaeao
o?ainei?aeiiiiai ia’?aeiaiiy “Ea?iaonueeee ?a?i?aa?ii”.

Oai?aoe/ieie ? iaoiaeieia?/ieie canaaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy ? no/ani?
oai??? ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee, ioae?eaoe?? oe?a?inueeeo oa ca?oa?aeieo
a/aieo c ieoaiue oai??? i?aeia?iaeieo aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei,
i?aeia?iaeiiai ia?eaoeiao oa o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa.

A ?iaio? aeei?enoai? ii?iaoeai? aeieoiaioe i?aeia?iaeiiai i?aaa oa
caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie, ui ?aaoeththoue ciai?oi? aeiiii?/i? ca’ycee,
o?ainei?aeiiia ni?a?ia?oieoeoai, ii?yaeie noai?aiiy ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
niaoe?aeueieo (a?eueieo) aeiiii?/ieo cii, ?aaeei i?aeia?iaeieo
o?ainii?oieo ei?eaei??a oa o?aiceoieo ia?aaacaiue.

O i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy canoiniaoaaeenue iaoiaee nenoaiiiai,
ii??aiyeueiiai oa aeiiii?/iiai aiae?co, a oaeiae noaoenoe/i?,
iaoaiaoe/i? oa ?io? iaoiaee.

?ioi?iaoe?eiith aacith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aoee io?oe?ei? aeai?
Aea?aeaaiiai eii?oaoo noaoenoeee Oe?a?ie, Aea?aeaaii? ieoii? neoaeae
Oe?a?ie, I?i?noa?noaa ciai?oi?o aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a ? oi?a?ae? Oe?a?ie,
?o oa?eoi??aeueieo i?aai?a, a oaeiae iaoa??aee I?aeia?iaeiiai aaethoiiai
oiiaeo, ?a?iiaenueei? Eii?n??, oiiae?a TACIS, PHARE oa aeai?, io?eiai?
c eiii’thoa?ii? ia?aae? ?ioa?iao. Nenoaiaoecaoe?y ?ioi?iaoe?eii? aace oa
aiae?oe/i? ?ic?aooiee i?iaaaeai? c aeei?enoaiiyi
aeaeo?iiii-ia/enethaaeueii? oaoi?ee. Ianya ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/ieo
iaoa??ae?a, aeei?enoaiee a aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii? ? aeinoaoi?i
? ?ai?acaioaoeaiei, ine?eueee ioiieth? an? iniiai? ??ai? o?ainei?aeiiieo
aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a Ea?iaonueeiai ?a?i?aa?iio.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo aaoi?ii ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? o ianooiiiio:

? cai?iiiiiaaia iiiyo?eia aecia/aiiy “o?ainei?aeiii? aeiiii?/i?
ca’ycee”, ye eiiieaen aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei oa ?ioa?an?a, ui
oi?iothoueny ? ?aae?cothoueny ia i?ae?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai? ? ?
neeaaeiaith o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa, a oaeiae ?ic?iaeaia
eeaneo?eaoe?y o?ainei?aeiiieo ca’yce?a ca ?o aeiiii?/iei ci?noii;

? ocaaaeueiaii ca?oa?aeiee aeina?ae o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa,
aecia/ai? i??i?eoaoi? iai?yie eiai aeei?enoaiiy a Oe?a?i?, cie?aia
iaa?oioiaaia aeiiii?/ia aeioe?euei?noue oa cai?iiiiiaai? oi?ie o/ano?
iaeanoae Oe?a?ie o o?ainei?aeiiieo ia’?aeiaiiyo;

? ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee oa i?iaaaeaia ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino?
o?ainei?aeiiieo aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a ia iniia? iieaciee?a a?aeiinii? oa
aaniethoii? aoaeoeaiino? aenii?oieo iia?aoe?e noa’?eo?a
i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino? Euea?anueei? iaeano?;

? ?ice?eoa ?ieue niaoe?aeueieo (a?eueieo) aeiiii?/ieo cii, ye aaaeeeaiai
?ino?oiaioo eiioeaio?aoe?? ?iaanoeoe?eieo ?ano?n?a aeey ae??oaiiy
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo i?iaeai i?eei?aeiiieo oa?eoi??e;

? iaa?oioiaai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?ci?a
aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy i?aeia?iaeieo o?aiceoieo oiaa?iiioie?a,
cie?aia canoinoaaiiy o?iainiaeo aa?aio?e oa noi?iaiaeaeaiiy aaioaae?a
i?ae ieoiith aa?oith c iaoith iaaeiiouaiiy iaeiio?ieueiaaiiai
i?iieeiaiiy ia ieoio oa?eoi??th Oe?a?ie aenieie?ea?aeieo ?iii?oieo
oiaa??a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? oa
ai?iaaaeaeaii? eiioeaiooaeueieo canaae ?icaeoeo o?ainei?aeiiieo
aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a Ea?iaonueeiai ?a?i?aa?iio. Cai?iiiiiaai?
aeena?oaioii iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee ? i?iaaaeaia ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino?
ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a Euea?anueei? iaeano? aeei?enoai? a oiae?
i?aeaioiaee ? aeeiiaiiy “?aa?iiaeueii? i?ia?aie ni?eyiiy ?icaeoeo iaeiai
oa na?aaeiueiai i?aei?e?iieoeoaa o Euea?anuee?e iaeano? ia 1997-1998
?iee oa caoiae?a uiaei ?? ?aae?caoe??” (aeia?aeea oi?aae?iiy aeiiii?ee
Euea?anueei? iaeaea?aeaaei?i?no?aoe?? a?ae 3 /a?aiy 1999 ?ieo
?6-1/1-747).

Iaa?oioiaai? o aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? iai?yie ? iaoiaee aeoea?caoe??
o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa Euea?anueei? iaeano? oa i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? aaaaoiaaeocaai? ni?ai?aoe? i?ae ?aa?iiaie-o/anieeaie
Ea?iaonueeiai ?a?i?aa?iio ciaeoee nai? a?aeia?aaeaiiy a aeiiii?/i?e
i?ia?ai? ?icaeoeo o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa Euea?anueei?
iaeano?, yea ia?aaeaia Eii?n?? c ieoaiue i?eei?aeiiii? ni?ai?aoe?
Oe?a?inueei-Iieuenueei? i?aeo?yaeiai? eii?aeeiaoe?eii? ?aaee c ieoaiue
i?ae?aa?iiaeueii? ni?ai?aoe? (aeia?aeea eii?oaoo i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei
Euea?anueei? iaeaea?aeaaei?i?no?aoe?? a?ae 8 eeiiy 1998 ?ieo ?116).

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeey iiaeieaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii? e?ece a
ainiiaea?nueeiio eiiieaen? Euea?anueei? iaeano?, ?icaeoeo aeiiii?/ii
aeioe?eueieo ciai?oiuei-aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a ia? no?aoaa?y oi?ioaaiiy
ni?eyoeeaiai iae?ina?aaeiaeua ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?, iniiai? iai?yie
yei? aecia/ai? a ?ic?iaeaieo ca aaciina?aaeiueith o/anoth aeena?oaioa
“Eiioeaioe?? ciai?oiuei-aeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? Euea?anueei? iaeano? oa
caoiae?a uiaei ?? ?aae?caoe?? i?ioyaii 1995-1997 ?ie?a”, “Ieai?
i?iaaaeaiiy ?ia?o ii aea/aiith aeioe?eueiino? noai?aiiy niaoe?aeueieo
(a?eueieo) aeiiii?/ieo cii o Euea?anuee?e iaeano?”. E??i oiai,
i?iiiceoe?? aeena?oaioa uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?ci?a aea?aeaaiiai
?aaoethaaiiy ?aaeeio ?iicaiiiai ?iaanooaaiiy ciaeoee ao?eaiiy a
“Iniiaieo canaaeao i?ia?aie oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie i?eeiio ?iicaiieo
eai?oae?a o Euea?anuee?e iaeano? ia 1998-2000 ?iee” oa iaoa??aeao
?iai/i? i?aea?oie “O?ainei?aeiiia ni?a?ia?oieoeoai”
Oe?a?inueei-Iieuenueei? ?iai/i? a?oie c ieoaiue e?aa?ae?caoe?? aca?iii?
oi?a?ae? (aeia?aeea Euea?anueeiai iaeaniiai oi?aae?iiy ciai?oi?o
aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a a?ae 11 /a?aiy 1999 ?ieo ?327).

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe oa ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue oa iaaiai?thaaeenue ia ainueie
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo oa nai?ia?ao, a naia: “I?iaeaie
?aa?iiaeueii? o?ainei?aeiiii? ni?ai?aoe?” (AEaooa, ?anioae?ea Iieueua,
1996 ??e), “O?oaeiaee iioaioe?ae Oe?a?ie oa eiai ?aae?caoe?y a oiiaao
?icaoaeiae iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee” (Euea?a, 1997 ??e), “Noni?eueia
aa?o?noue o?ainei?aeiiieo i?a?aoe?e” (AEaooa, ?anioae?ea Iieueua, 1997
??e), “?ioaa?aoe?y aeiiii?/ieo ?ioa?an?a niiaeea/i? eiiia?aoe?? a
iaoe?iiaeueii-aea?aeaai? ?ioa?ane Oe?a?ie” (Euea?a, 1997 ??e), “I?iaeaie
oi?ioaaiiy ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? no?aoaa?? a oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe?eieo
i?ioean?a a Oe?a?i?” (Ee?a, 1998 ??e), “Ciai?oiuei-aeiiii?/i? a?aeiineie
Oe?a?ie ? Iieueu?” (Euea?a, 1998 ??e), “Caeo/aiiy o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a a
Oe?a?i?: no/aniee noai, iiaeeeaino?, ia?niaeoeae” (Euea?a, 1998 ??e),
“*eiieee ? aa?’??e ?aa?iiaeueii? o?ainei?aeiiii? ni?ai?aoe? — ni?iaa
neioaco” (AEaooa, ?anioae?ea Iieueua, 1998 ??e) oa iioae?eiaai? a 12
noaooyo oa iaoa??aeao eiioa?aioe?e caaaeueiei ianyaii a 5,4 ae.a., c ieo
iniaenoi aaoi?a 4,3 ae.a.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa
neeaaea?oueny c anooio, 3-o ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, i?noeoue 29 oaaeeoeue,
20 ?enoie?a oa 3 oi?ioee. Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ia’?aeio? 150
iaca. Ci?no aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii ia 176 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai
oaenoo, c yeeo 162 oaenoiaa /anoeia.

INIIAI? IIEIAEAIIss AeENA?OAOe?EII? ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie, aecia/aia iaoa oa caaaeaiiy,
i?aaeiao ? ia’?eo aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, aena?oeai? iaoeiaa iiaecia,
i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ? ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

?icae?e 1. “O?ainei?aeiiia ni?a?ia?oieoeoai – ia’?eoeaia ia?aaeoiiaa
?ioaa?aoe?? o na?oiaa ainiiaea?noai” aeeth/a? o?e i?ae?icae?ee.
?icaeyiooi oai?aoe/i? ia?aaeoiiae oi?ioaaiiy o?ainei?aeiiieo aeiiii?/ieo
ca’yce?a, ?o ci?no, aeaeiao no?oeoo?o, i?aeia?iaeiee aeina?ae oa iai?yie
eiai canoinoaaiiy a Oe?a?i?.

Ia iniia? ii??aiyiiy aoaeo?a a?eueii? oi?a?ae? oa i?ioaeoe?ii?cio
aeena?oaio iaa?oioiao? aeioe?euei?noue aeoeaii? o/ano? iaoi? e?a?ie a
aeiiii?/ieo ?ioaa?aoe?eieo i?ioeanao, ye? ni?eythoue i?aeaeuaiith
aoaeoeaiino? iaoe?iiaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa. Iniaeeaa oaaaa
iaaieioo?oueny ia ?ie? i?aeia?iaeieo i?ae?aa?iiaeueieo ca’yce?a — iiaiai
iai?yio ciai?oi?o a?aeiinei, ui ?aae?co?oueny ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?,
yeo aeoeaii i?iaiaeyoue, ianaiia?aae, i?eei?aeiii? iaeano?, aeey yeeo
i?ae?aa?iiaeueia ni?ai?aoey cae?enith?oueny ye i?eei?aeiiia.

O a?o/eciyi?e oa ca?oa?aei?e e?oa?aoo?? i?ae o?ainei?aeiiiei
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaii, ye i?aaeei, ?icoi?thoue ni?euei? ae??, ni?yiiaai? ia
iineeaiiy oa ?icaeoie aeia?inon?aenueeeo a?aeiinei i?ae oa?eoi??aeueieie
i?aaiaie aeaaee i?eei?aeiiieo aea?aeaa, ye? ?aae?cothoueny oeyoii
oeeaaeaiiy i?ae?aa?iiaeueieo oaiae ? aeiiiaeaiinoae.

Ia iaoo aeoieo, o?ainei?aeiii? ca’ycee — oea ca’ycee, ye? aeieeathoue o
noa?? iie?oeee, aeiiii?ee, ioi?iie iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua,
eoeueoo?e, ina?oe, aeaiia?ao?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy, ?ioeo aaeocyo a iaaeao
aecia/aiiai o?ainei?aeiiiiai i?inoi?o — oa?eoi???, yea ioiieth? aeaa aai
a?eueoa ?aa?ii?a i?eei?aeiiieo aea?aeaa ? ia’?aeio? ?o ca iaaieie
aaia?ao?/ieie oa nioe?aeueii-?noi?e/ieie iciaeaie. A?aeiia?aeii
o?ainei?aeiii? aeiiii?/i? ca’ycee — oea nenoaia aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei oa
?ioa?an?a ia i?ae?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?, ui oi?iothoueny oa ?icaeaathoueny
a i?ioean? ooieoe?iioaaiiy ni?eueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa, iiae?eo ?
niaoe?ae?caoe?? noni?eueii? i?aoe?, ?icoe?aiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee oa
aecia/athoueny ae??th aeiiii?/ieo caeii?a, ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaith aacith ?
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iei na?aaeiaeuai i?eei?aeiiieo ?aa?ii?a.

O aeena?oaoe?? i?iiiio?oueny no?oeoo?oaaoe o?ainei?aeiii? aeiiii?/i?
ca’ycee ia o?e iniiai? aeaee, a naia: ciai?oiueioi?aiaaeuei?
o?ainei?aeiii? ca’ycee (ioiieththoue aeiiii?/i? a?aeiineie, iia’ycai? c
?ooii aenii?oii-?iii?oieo oiaa?iiioie?a); o?iainiai-?iaanoeoe?ei?
o?ainei?aeiii? ca’ycee (iai?io eai?oaeo) oa nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i?
o?ainei?aeiii? ca’ycee (eiiieaen nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo i?iaeai).

Nenoaiiee aiae?c i?aeia?iaeiiai aeina?aeo o ?icaeoeo o?ainei?aeiiiiai
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa iieacaa, ui iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiith i?aai?caoe?eiith
oi?iith eiioeaio?aoe?? i?ae?aa?iiaeueieo ?i?oe?aoea ? ?a?i?aa?iie. I?ae
oeei iiiyooyi ne?ae ?icoi?oe oa?eoi??th aeia?ia?eueiiai o?ainei?aeiiiiai
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa, a iaaeao yei? oeyoii aeiiii?/ii?, eoeueoo?ii? oa
aoiai?oa?ii? aca?iiae?? ?aae?cothoueny eiie?aoi? o?ainei?aeiii? i?iaeoe,
ae??oothoueny i?iaeaie caeiyoino?, ?icaeoeo ?io?ano?oeoo?e, aeieia??
oiui.

Iniaeeaa ?ieue o ?icaeoeo o?ainei?aeiiieo ca’yce?a iaeaaeeoue
iaea?eueo?e o ?a?ii? o?ainei?aeiii?e ?inoeoooe?? — i?ae?aa?iiaeuei?e
anioe?aoe?? “Ea?iaonueeee ?a?i?aa?ii” (noai?aia 14 ethoiai 1993 ?ieo ca
o/anoth i?eei?aeiiieo ?aa?ii?a Oe?a?ie, Iieueu?, Neiaa//eie, Oai?ueie oa
?oioi??), ine?eueee ?? ae?yeuei?noue iiai?noth a?aeiia?aea? i?eioeeiai
?a?iiaenueei? ?aieiai? Eiiaaioe?? c o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa
i?ae aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oa?eoi??aeueieie iaeeieoeyie oa i?aaiaie aeaaee.
A?aeiia?aeii aei noaoooo Ea?iaonueeiai ?a?i?aa?iio oa i?aai?caoe?eii?
no?oeoo?e, iiaeaii? ia ?en. 1, iaeaeuei i?aaiii anioe?aoe?? ? ?aaea
?a?i?aa?iio.

Aei ?? neeaaeo aoiaeyoue ii o?e i?aaenoaaieee a?ae eiaeiiai o/anieea
anioe?aoe??. Aieiaiith iniaith, ui a?aeiia?aea? ca ooieoe?iioaaiiy
no?oeoo? ?a?i?aa?iio, ? aeeiiaa/ee aee?aeoi?. A?i iae?a?oueny ?aaeith c
/enea eaiaeeaeao?a ia eiieo?ni?e iniia? ? cae?enith? oi?aae?iiy
anioe?aoe??th /a?ac nae?aoa??ao ? iaoe?iiaeueieo i?aaenoaaiee?a. Ia
aeaiiio aoai? ooieoe?iiothoue 4 ?iai/? eii?n??.

?en. 1. I?aai?caoe?eia no?oeoo?a i?aeaea?aeaaii?

anioe?aoe?? “Ea?iaonueeee ?a?i?aa?ii”.

A?aoiaoth/e iniaeeaino? no/anieo o?ainei?aeiiieo ca’yce?a a aeena?oaoe??
i?iiiio?oueny ?icoe?eoe neeaae ?iai/eo eii?n?e oeyoii oi?ioaaiiy eii?n??
c ieoaiue o?ainei?aeiiii? i?a?aoe?? ?iai/i? neee oa eii?n?? c ieoaiue
aeene?ei?iaoe?? oa o?aaoethaaiiy iaio?oe?eieo o?ainei?aeiiieo ca’yce?a.
E??i oiai, iaaeinoaoiy ae??a?noue o?ainei?aeiiieo ooai?aiue,
iaoiiaeth?oueny a?aenooi?noth ?aaeueiiai o?iainoaaiiy, iaaecia/ai?noth
aeaea?ae o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a, oi?i ? i??i?eoao?a ?o oi?ioaaiiy. Oiio
aoei a aeioe?eueiei noai?eoe oiiae ?icaeoeo o?ainei?aeiiii? ni?ai?aoe?
oeyoii aeoioethaaiiy eioo?a noa’?eo?a i?aei?e?iieoeoaa i?eei?aeiiieo
iaeanoae oa niinoa?aaeio ?aaeo aeey eiio?ieth ca oe?eueiaei ?o
aeei?enoaiiyi oa aeio?eiaiiyi i?eioeeio “i?ici?ino?”.

Aiae?c ae?yeueiino? i?ae?aa?iiaeueii? anioe?aoe?? “Ea?iaonueeee
?a?i?aa?ii” i?ioyaii inoaii?o i’yoe ?ie?a i?aeoaa?aeea aeioe?euei?noue
?? ?nioaaiiy ? aaaiio ?ieue o iaeaaiaeaeaii? aeia?inon?aenueeeo
a?aeiinei oa ?icaeoeo aeiiii?/ieo oa aoiai?oa?ieo ca’yce?a i?eei?aeiiieo
?aa?ii?a. Iaeiae ? ua iecea no?eioth/eo oaeoi??a na?aae yeeo iaaeinoaoiy
aeoeai?noue i?noeaaeo i?aai?a aea?aeaaii? aeaaee oa a?aenooi?noue
oeaio?ae?ciaaiiai o?iainoaaiiy c aieo aea?aeaae, a oaeiae aeanieo eioo?a
?aa?ii?a ia oe? oe?e?. Ie?aiith i?iaeaiith ? ?ica?aeiino? a ieoiiio,
iiaeaoeiaiio oa ?ioiio niaoe?aeueiiio caeiiiaeaanoa? e?a?i-o/anieoeue.
I?e oeueiio ne?ae caoaaaeeoe, ui iaaeinoaoiy oaaaa iaaea?oueny ?icaeoeo
ae?iaie/i? eiiia?aoe?? i?ae i?aei?e?inoaaie non?aei?o aea?aeaa, oi/a
?nioth/? i?eeeaaee aeiiii?/iiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa aeacothoue ia ?? aenieo
aoaeoeai?noue.

?icae?e 2. Iniiai? oaiaeaioe?? oa ia?aaeoiiae ?icaeoeo o?ainei?aeiiieo
ca’yce?a a oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie Oe?a?ie aeeth/a?
o?e i?ae?icae?ee. Iiaeaii aiae?c ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiai? aace, aena?oeaii
oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo o?ainei?aeiiieo aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a Ea?iaonueeiai
?a?i?aa?iio.

Aoaeoeai?noue i?iaeo?a o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa cia/iith
i??ith caeaaeeoue a?ae noaio iie?oeei-i?aaiaiai na?aaeiaeua ye ia ??ai?
?aa?ii?a eiie?aoii? i?eei?aeiiii? aea?aeaae, oae ? ia i?aeia?iaei?e
a?ai?. Aeoiaey/e c oiai, ui ii?ie i?aeia?iaeiiai i?aaa, ye? aeciaea
Oe?a?ia a eiiieaen? c nenoaiith i?aeaea?aeaaieo oa i?ae?aa?iiaeueieo
oaiae caaacia/othoue aeinoaoi?e ??aaiue i?aaiaiai caaacia/aiiy
o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa, aeena?oaio aaaaea?, ui iaia? iio?aae
o oi?ioaaii? iniaeeai? ii?iaoeaii? aace aeey ?aaoethaaiiy ieoaiue
o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa a Oe?a?i?. Eiai i?aaia? canaaee
iiaeii? ?icaeaaoeny /a?ac aaeineiiaeaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i
ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/io ae?yeuei?noue caaaeii c a?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae
o?ainei?aeiiieo ca’yce?a o niaoe?aeueiiio caeiiiaeaanoa?.

Na?oiaa i?aeoeea o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa o oi?i?
“?a?i?aa?ii?a” ia?aaeaa/a? aca?iiae?th i?ae ??aiioe?iieie ia?oia?aie.
Iaeiae aiae?c ?nioth/eo aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a cana?ae/ea
iaaea?aaeaioi?noue ?eieiaeo na?aaeiaeu o/aniee?a o?ainei?aeiiiiai
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei ai?a?aoe?? eaae?o?eiaaii? ?iai/i?
neee c Oe?a?ie a iaoeea?e?ciaaieo oi?iao, ?iii?oo iecueeioaoiieia?/iiai
iaeaaeiaiiy oa oi?aiaaeueiiai eai?oaeo, a oaeiae aenii?oo eai?oae?a a
aeaiiceoi?e oi?i? c iaoi? e?a?ie.

?icii/aaoe aeiiii?/i? ?aoi?ie ?ai?oa a?ae Oe?a?ie caaaeyee
e?aa?ae?caoe?? aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii?
ae?yeueiino?, Iieueua, Neiaa//eia, ?oioi?y oa Oai?ueia aeinyaioee
aeinoaoiuei aenieeo ?acoeueoao?a ?icaeoeo ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae?. Ca
?acoeueoaoaie 1998 ?ieo ianya ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae? oiaa?aie ia aeooo
ianaeaiiy o Neiaa//ei? neeaa 3,7 oen. aeie. NOA, a Oai?uei? — 2,7 oen.
aeie. NOA, o Iieueu? — 1,6 oen. aeie. NOA, a a Oe?a?i? eeoa 0,5 oen.
aeie. NOA. Ii??aiyiiy ianya?a aenii?oo oiaa??a aeacaieo e?a?i ia
iaeeieoeth ianaeaiiy aeaeyaea? aeaui iaio eiio?anoiei. A?aeiia?aeiee
iieaciee a Oai?uei? neeaa 1,2 oen. aeie. NOA, Iieueu? — 0,6 oen. aeie.
NOA, Neiaa//ei? oa ?oioi?? ii 0,4 oen. aeie. NOA, a a Oe?a?i? — 0,3 oen.
aeie. NOA.

Ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aaoi? noaa?aeaeo?, ui i?ioeane
e?aa?ae?caoe?? aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae? oa oaeoi?
i?eei?aeiiiiai ?icoaooaaiiy a?ae?a?athoue ?noioiee aieea ia ianya
o?ainei?aeiiieo oiaa?iiioie?a, iacaaaeath/e ia a?aenooi?noue ?aaeeio
a?eueii? oi?a?ae? oa iayai?noue oe?ei? aaie oa?eoieo oa iaoa?eoieo
iaiaaeaiue. Oea i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny aeyaeaieie a aeine?aeaeaii?
oaiaeaioe?yie ?icaeoeo (?en. 2).

Aeine?aeaeaiiy o?ainei?aeiiieo ciai?oiueioi?aiaaeueieo ca’yce?a
iieacaei, ui ?o aoaeoeai?noue cia/iith i??ith aecia/a?oueny no?oeoo?ith
aenii?oii-?iii?oieo iinoaaie, yea iiina?aaeeiaaii na?ae/eoue i?i
aoaeoeai?noue aeiiii?ee anueiai ?aa?iio, eiai niaoe?ae?caoe?th, ??aaiue
oaoi?/iiai ?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa oa aenii?oi? iiaeeeaino?. Aiae?c
oiaa?ii? no?oeoo?e ciai?oiueioi?aiaaeueieo iioie?a Euea?anueei? iaeano?
c e?a?iaie Ea?iaonueeiai ?a?i?aa?iio, cie?aia c Iieueuath, iieacaa
iaaeinoaoi?e ??aaiue aoaeoeaiino? o?ainei?aeiiieo ca’yce?a aeacaiiai
aeaeo. I?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi oeueiai ? a?ae’?iia naeueaei
ciai?oiuei-oi?aiaaeueiiai iai?ioo oa ia?aoe?iiaeueia no?oeoo?a
aenii?oii-?iii?oieo iia?aoe?e. Oae eeoa ca aeaiia oaoiieia?/ii
iia’ycaieie oiaa?ieie a?oiaie, ui aoee i?aaeiaoii aenii?oii-?iii?oieo
iia?aoe?e i?ioyaii 1998 ?ieo, aiane?aeie iaaeinoaoiuei? ia?a?iaee
ne?iaeie ia oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie, ? iaaiaee, aeaacaiiy ?? a Iieueuo oa
iiaeaeueoiai ?iii?oo aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??, Euea?anueea iaeanoue caciaea
oiiaieo aeiiii?/ieo ao?ao o aeaeyae? ?iaanooaaiiy ca?oa?aeiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa a ?ici??? 4,5 iei. aeie. NOA.

?en. 2. Aeeiai?ea ci?ie ianya?a ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae? e?a?i

Ea?iaonueeiai ?a?i?aa?iio i?ioyaii 1993-98 ??.

?icae?e 3. Iaa?oiooaaiiy i??i?eoao?a ? iaoiaeeei-i?aai?caoe?eieo canaae
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? o?ainei?aeiiieo aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a aeeth/a?
/ioe?e i?ae?icae?ee. Iaa?oioiaaii iaoiaee/i? canaaee ioe?iee
aoaeoeaiino? o?ainei?aeiiieo oi?aiaaeueieo ca’yce?a, ?ice?eoi ?ieue
niaoe?aeueieo (a?eueieo) aeiiii?/ieo cii oa i?eei?aeiiii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e
o i?aeaeuaii? aoaeoeaiino? o?ainei?aeiiieo ca’yce?a Ea?iaonueeiai
?a?i?aa?iio. Iiaeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?ci?a
aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy o?aiceoieo oiaa?iiioie?a, ui i?ioiaeyoue /a?ac
ieoio oa?eoi??th iaoi? aea?aeaae.

I?e cae?eniaii? aeiiii?/iiai aiae?co o?ainei?aeiiieo
ciai?oiueioi?aiaaeueieo ca’yce?a ?aa?iio aaaeeeaa i?noea caeia?
?ic?aooiie a?aeiinieo oa aaniethoieo iieaciee?a aoaeoeaiino? aenii?oieo
iia?aoe?e. C oe??th iaoith o aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? aaeaioiaai? ?nioth/?
iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? o?ainei?aeiiieo aenii?oieo
oiaa?iiioie?a Euea?anueei? iaeano? o ?anioae?eo Iieueuo.

Aaciina?aaeiueith ioe?ieith aoaeue-yei? aenii?oii? iia?aoe?? iiaea
neoaeeoe iieaciee aaethoii? aoaeoeaiino? (aaethoiee eiao?oe??io,
eoi?aaeueia ni?iiiaei?noue aaethoe, oiaa?iee eo?n oiui). Aeey
canoinoaaiiy oeueiai iieacieea c iaoith ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? aenii?oo a
?aieao o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa, canoino?ii ianooiio oi?ioeo:

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008000000320ad202730902000000456908000000320ac601320702000000eee40800000
0320ad2021b0702000000c5b308000000320ae004720102000000c2e517000000fb0280f
e0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e204379720
0cc66040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000320a8d063208010000004e00080
00000320a8d06340601000000c70008000000320a72024708010000004e0008000000320
a7202250601000000c20008000000320a80044600010000004b000a00000026060f000a0
0ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc01020222537
97374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f00102000300000000000000 (1)

aea AiaeA? —
ciai?oiueioi?aiaaeueiapicscalex10001000900000354000000000012000000000005
0000000902000000000400000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005
000000310201000000050000000b0200000000050000000c02200220011200000026060f
001a00ffffffff000010000000c0ffffffa6ffffffe0000000c60100000b00000026060f
000c004d61746854797065000050000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000003
000000000000000000000220040004050000ffffff00ffffff00ffffff00000000000000
00oe?ia iaeeieoe? ?-ai oiaa?o aai iineoae, aaethoieo iae.;

N A? – e?euee?noue ?-ai aeaeo aenii?oiiai oiaa?o;

CiaeA? – aeeneiioiaai? aeo?aoe ia ae?iaieoeoai ? ?aae?caoe?th iaeeieoe?
?-ai aeaeo oiaa?o a?i.;

m – /enei iaca oiaa??a aai iineoa a aenii?oiiio aea?aaeaio?.

Aiae?c iieaciee?a aaethoii? aoaeoeaiino? iieacaa, ui i?ioyaii 1998 ?ieo
aenii?o i?aeoe/ii an?o oiaa?ieo a?oi o Iieueuo, ca aeiyoeii aacae?io oa
ia?ao?io iaooiaiai aoa aeinoaoiuei aoaeoeaiei. I?e/iio iaeaeuee ??aaiue
aaethoii? aoaeoeaiino? na?aae aenii?oiaaieo oiaa??a iaee iinoaaee
a?aeoiae?a oa a?oooo /i?ieo iaoae?a (0,769 aeie.NOA/a?i.), iaia?iaeaieo
e?niiaoa??ae?a – aeoaiaeo (0,761 aeie.NOA/a?i.), aoeiaeo (0,723
aeie.NOA/a?i.) oa oaieieo (0,678 aeie.NOA/a?i.), ieeo c aea?aaeie (0,671
aeie.NOA/a?i.) oa oe?? aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae (0,629 aeie.NOA/a?i.).
Aeei?enoaiiy oi?ioee (1) aea? iiaeeea?noue ?ic?aooaaoe aaee/eio
aaethoii? aoaeoeaiino? aenii?oo aeey an?o oiaa??a, ui aoiaeyoue o
aenii?oiee aea?aaeaio. sse iieacaee ?ic?aooiee, i?e cae?eniaii? aenii?oo
oiaa??a, ui iathoue iaea?eueoo ieoiio aaao o ianyaao aenii?oo, noa’?eoe
ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? Euea?anueei? iaeano? o 1998 ?ioe?
io?eioaaee ia 1 a?i. cao?ao 0,46 aeie. NOA aeioiaeo.

C iaoith c?noaaeaiiy ei?eniiai aoaeoo c aeeneiioiaaieie aeo?aoaie
noa’?eo?a ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? Euea?anueei? iaeano? o
aeena?oaoe?? i?iaaaeaiee ?ic?aooiie iieaciee?a a?aeiinii? aoaeoeaiino?.
A?aeiia?aeiee iieaciee, aaeaioiaaiee aeey ioe?iee a?aeiinii?
aoaeoeaiino? o?ainei?aeiiieo ciai?oiueioi?aiaaeueieo iia?aoe?e aoa
?ic?aoiaaiee ca ianooiiith oi?ioeith:
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 (2)

, aea V – iieaciee iai?iiiai eo?no ?iicaiii? aaethoe ii a?aeiioaiith aei
a?eai?.

Aeacaiee iieaciee a?aeiinii? aoaeoeaiino? aeicaieea c?noaaeoe ae?o/eo
a?ae ?aae?caoe?? oiaa?o ia ciai?oiueiio ?eieo (ae?aaeaio o a?eaiyo) c
aeeneiioiaaieie aeo?aoaie ia ae?iaieoeoai oa caoo oe??? i?iaeoeoe?? o
iaoe?iiaeuei?e aaetho?. Iaea?aeai? o ?acoeueoao? ?ic?aooie?a iieacieee
a?aeiinii? aoaeoeaiino? aenii?oo, e??i iaeiiai (aenii?o aacae?io oa
iaooiaiai ia?ao?io) ? aeueie a?ae iaeeieoe?, ui na?ae/eoue i?i cia/iee
??aaiue oeueiai iieacieea. ?iciiae?e iieaciee?a aoaeoeaiino? ca ?o
aaee/eiaie aeicaieea aeae?eeoe 4 a?oie oiaa??a, ui aenii?oothoueny a
?aieao o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa Euea?anueei? iaeano? c
Iieueuath. Aei ia?oi? a?oie (c aenieei ??aiai iieacieea a?aeiinii?
aoaeoeaiino?) oa?eoee oiaa?e, cia/aiiy iieacieea aoaeoeaiino? yeeo ?
a?eueoei a?ae 2,0: a?aeoiaee oa a?ooo /i?ieo iaoae?a (2,636 a?i./a?i.);
e?niiaoa??aee iaia?iaeai? aeoaia? (2,608 a?i./a?i.); aoeia? (2,477
a?i./a?i.) oa oaiei? (2,322 a?i./a?i.); ieeoe c aea?aaeie (2,30
a?i./a?i.) oa oe??a aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae (2,157 a?i./a?i.). Aei
ae?oai? a?oie (??aaiue iieacieea a?aeiinii? aoaeoeaiino? a iaaeao a?ae
1,5 aei 2,0) oa?eoee iaoaeieiino?oeoe?? (1,903 a?i./a?i.), i?ieao
ieineee c cae?ca ? iaeaaiaaii? noae? (1,538 a?i./a?i.), ian?iiy
niiyoieea (1,734 a?i./a?i.), n?eue (1,713 a?i./a?i.), aeaeo?e/i?
aeoioeyoi?e (1,674 a?i./a?i.) oa ian?iiy ??iaeo (1,603 a?i./a?i.).
O?aoth a?oio (c iecueeei ??aiai iieacieea a?aeiinii? aoaeoeaiino?
aenii?oo a iaaeao a?ae 1,0 aei 1,5) neeaaeathoue iie?aoeeai (1,309
a?i./a?i.), oeaioe? /i?ieo iaoae?a (1,186 a?i./a?i.), eaca?i (1,081
a?i./a?i.), iieiei oa aa?oee o ii?ioeo (1,072 a?i./a?i.). Aei /aoaa?oi?
a?oie a?aeiinyoueny oiaa?e c iieacieeii EAa<1, cie?aia: aacae?i oa ia?ao?i iaooiaee (0,541 a?i./ a?i.). Ca aeiiiiiaith oi?ioee (2) aoee ?ic?aoiaai? iieacieee a?aeiinii? aoaeoeaiino? aenii?oo aeey an?o oiaa??a, ui aoiaeyoue o aenii?oiee aea?aaeaio. Oae, i?e cae?eniaii? aenii?oo o Iieueuo oiaa?ieo a?oi, ye? iathoue iaea?eueoo ieoiio aaao o ianyaao aenii?oo, i?aei?e?inoaa Euea?anueei? iaeano? o 1998 ?ioe? io?eioaaee ia 1 a?i. cao?ao 1,56 a?i. aeioiaeo, oiaoi ?o aeioiaee a?ae ?aae?caoe?? aenii?oieo iia?aoe?e ia?aaeuoaaee ?o aeo?aoe o 1,56 ?ac?a. Ia aeaeue, i?iaeoeoe?y c aeinoaoi?i ??aiai ia?a?iaee ia? iecueeee ??aaiue a?aeiinii? aoaeoeaiino?, ui na?ae/eoue i?i iaiao?aei?noue aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?ci?a aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy oa noeioethaaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa aenieioaoiieia?/ii? i?iaeoeoe??. ?icoe?aiiy oa noeioethaaiiy aenii?oo oiaa??a o aeiaaeeo iecueeiai ??aiy aoaeoeaiino? aeioe?eueii cae?enithaaoe eeoa o oiio aeiaaeeo, yeui ?aae?caoe?y aenii?oii? iia?aoe?? i?eiineoue aeinoaoiuei aenieee aoaeo. A aeiiii?/i?e e?oa?aoo?? iieacieee aoaeoo aenii?oo o iaecaaaeuei?oiio aeaeyae? ?ic?aoiaothoueny ye ??cieoey i?ae ianyaaie aenii?oo i?iaeoeoe?? ? aeeneiioiaaieie aeo?aoaie ia ?? ae?iaieoeoai oa ?aae?caoe?th. Iieaciee aoaeoo aenii?oo o?ainei?aeiiieo ciai?oiueioi?aiaaeueieo iia?aoe?e ( AA ) aoa ?ic?aoiaaiee ca ianooiiith oi?ioeith (oiiai? iicia/aiiy o? ae nai?, ui ? o iiia?aaei?o oi?ioeao): picscalex116010009000003550100000200170000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c026002800e1200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffb7ffffff400e0000170200000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000600017000000fb0220ff0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e65 7720526f6d616e2043797200cc66040000002d01000008000000320a0002750d02000000 456908000000320af400860a02000000eee408000000320a00026f0a0200000045690800 0000320af400450502000000eee408000000320a00022e0502000000456908000000320a 00024e0101000000450017000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc040200105469 6d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc66040000002d01010004000000f0010000 08000000320aa001430c010000004e0008000000320aa001970901000000c70008000000 320aa0012a0601000000560008000000320aa001320401000000420008000000320aa001 460001000000450017000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000cc0402001054696d65 73204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc66040000002d01000004000000f00101000800 0000320aa001a70b01000000290008000000320aa0019c0301000000280010000000fb02 80fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d0101000400 0000f001000008000000320aa0016508010000002d0008000000320aa001760201000000 3d000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000 bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d01000004000000f00101000300 000000000000 (3) I?iaaaeai? ?ic?aooiee iieacaee, ui iaea?eueoee aoaeo a?ae aenii?oo o Iieueuo aoa io?eiaiee i?e aenii?o? oeo oiaa?ieo a?oi, ye? iathoue iaeaeuee iieaciee a?aeiinii? aoaeoeaiino?. Oae, iaea?eueoee aaniethoiee aoaeo aoa io?eiaiee i?e aenii?o? o Iieueuo a?aeoiae?a oa a?oooo /i?ieo iaoae?a (3421580,71 a?i.), aeoaiaeo e?niiaoa??ae?a (2095915,43 a?i.), aoeiaeo e?niiaoa??ae?a (1033255,00 a?i.) oa iaoaeieiino?oeoe?e (531629 a?i.). Oiaoi ?iciiae?e oeeo oiaa?ieo a?oi ca aaee/eiith aoaeoo aenii?oo a?aeaoaa?oueny o o?e ae iine?aeiaiino?, ui ? ?iciiae?e iieaciee?a aoaeoeaiino? c iaeaeueie cia/aiiyie. Aeath/e ioe?ieo aoaeoeaiino? o?iainiai-?iaanoeoe?eieo o?ainei?aeiiieo ca’yce?a Ea?iaonueeiai ?a?i?aa?iio, aeena?oaio noaa?aeaeo?, ui iacaaaeath/e ia aea?aeia aaiiie?oe/ia ?icoaooaaiiy, iayai? i?e?iaei? ?ano?ne, iayai?noue eaae?o?eiaaieo eaae??a, aeinyaiaiiy o iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo, cia/io i?noe?noue aioo??oiueiai ?eieo ianyae ?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?e, ye? iaaeoiaeyoue a aeiiii?eo Oe?a?ie, ii??aiyii c aiaeia?/ieie ianyaaie e?a?i No?aeii? ?a?iie ?noioii ieae/?. Oae, a Oe?a?i? ia iaeeieoeth ianaeaiiy i?eiaaea? aeecueei 55 aeie. NOA ?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?e, oiae? ye o a?eueoino? no?aeii?a?iiaenueeeo e?a?i oeae iieaciee ia?aaeuo? 100 aeie. NOA, a a *ao?? oa Oai?uei? nyaa? a?aeiia?aeii iiiaae 500 oa 800 aeie. NOA. Ia iaoo aeoieo, aei iniiaieo i?e/ei iecueei? ?iaanoeoe?eii? aeoeaiino? ca?oa?aeieo eiiiai?e ia oe?a?inueeiio ?eieo ne?ae a?aeianoe ianoaa?eueia o?iainiai-aeiiii?/ia noaiiaeua a Oe?a?i?, iino?ei? ci?ie caeiiiaeaanoaa i?aaiaiai iiey, iayai?noue iaaei??ii aei?noeiai o?neaeueiiai eiio?ieth, caaino?aiiy e?ece ieaoaae?a, iaaeinoaoi?e ?icaeoie ?eieiai? ?io?ano?oeoo?e, a?aenooi?noue iaeaaeiiai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?, iaaeinoaoiuei ?icaeiaio ia?aaeo iina?aaeieoeueeeo no?oeoo?, na?a?nieo oeaio??a, eiinoeueoaoeaieo ath?i oiui. Aeina?ae aaaaoueio e?a?i na?oo na?ae/eoue, ui ia i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy ni?eyoeeaiai ?iaanoeoe?eiiai ee?iaoo aieeaa? eiiieaen oaeoi??a ye ia iae?i, oae ? ia i?e?i??aiyo. Caaaeath/e ia iayai?noue eiieo?aioe?? ?aa?ii?a Oe?a?ie uiaei caioi/aiiy ?iicaiiiai eai?oaeo, noai?aiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo iiaeeeainoae aeey ?icai?oaiiy ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? oa aeei?enoaiiy i?noeaaeo ia?aaaa, ?ici?? ?iicaiieo eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiue cia/ii eieeaa?oueny ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?, oi/a i?eei?aeiii? iaeano? Oe?a?ie, ui ? o/anieeaie Ea?iaonueeiai ?a?i?aa?iio aeia?aaeaeothoue ?io? ?aa?iie ca e?euee?noth noai?aieo ni?eueieo i?aei?e?inoa, iaeiae a?aenoathoue ca ianyaii caeo/aiiai eai?oaeo. Oae, a?eueo ye 60 a?aenioe?a caaaeueii? /enaeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa c ?iicaiiei eai?oaeii, ?icoaoiaaieo o Caea?iaonuee?e iaeano?, noai?ai? ca o/anoth ?iaanoi??a c aeine?aeaeoaaii? a?oie aea?aeaa. O Euea?anuee?e iaeano? oeae iieaciee neeaaea? 38 %, a *a?i?aaoeuee?e - 21%, a a?aeiia?aeiee iieaciee a oe?eiio ii Oe?a?i? - eeoa 16%. O ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeyaeaii iaeiinoi?iii?e iai?yiie ?icaeoeo o?iainiai-?iaanoeoe?eieo o?ainei?aeiiieo ca’yce?a oa iaeaea ioeueiaee ??aaiue oe?a?inueeeo ?iaanoeoe?e o i?eei?aeiii? aea?aeaae, ui coiiaeaii, ia iaoo aeoieo, aeiiaaie niaoe?aeueiiai aaethoiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie, yea iaiaaeo? ?iaanoeoe?? ca iaae? aea?aeaae. Aeena?oaio iaaieioo?, ui c o?aooaaiiyi iaeaooiueiai anooio e?a?i Oeaio?aeueii? oa No?aeii? ?a?iie aei ?a?iiaenueeiai Nithco aeiiii?/ii aea?aeiith no?aoaa??th iiaei a noaoe noai?aiiy ia oa?eoi??? oeeo aea?aeaa ni?eueieo oa aei/??i?o i?aei?e?inoa ca o/anoth oe?a?inueeiai eai?oaeo. Eiio?ieueiaaiee aenii?o eai?oaeo aeaa ae iiaeeea?noue, ii-ia?oa, cae??ieoenue ia oa?eoi??? o??? /e ?ioi? e?a?ie, ii-ae?oaa, nei?enoaoeny a iaeaeeae/iio iaeaooiueiio ia?aaaaaie cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeiai ?eieo, ia caciath/e iaoa?eoieo oa oa?eoieo iaiaaeaiue, iieaaoeoe i?inoaaiiy eai?oae?a ? oiaa??a ia ?eiee a?eueo ?icaeiaieo e?a?i. Iaaeinoaoiy eiioeaio?aoe?y ?iaanoeoe?eieo ?ano?n?a o i?eei?aeiiieo ?aa?iiao Oe?a?ie cia/ii no?eio? ?aae?caoe?th o?ainei?aeiiieo ?i?oe?aoea. Oea coiiaeth? iaiao?aei?noue iiooeo aeiaeaoeiaeo i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ieo iaoai?ci?a noai?aiiy ni?eyoeeaiai ?iaanoeoe?eiiai na?aaeiaeua. Ia aeoieo aeena?oaioa, naia niaoe?aeuei? (a?euei?) aeiiii?/i? ciie, iiaeooue ?aaeueii ni?eyoe caeo/aiith o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a ye aeey ae??oaiiy nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo i?iaeai i?eei?aeiiieo oa?eoi??e, oae ? ?aae?caoe?? o?ainei?aeiiieo ?ioa?an?a aea?aeaae a oe?eiio. A?aoiaoth/e no?aoaa?/i? ?ioa?ane Oe?a?ie, ni?yiiaai? eiiieaenio aeiiii?/io ?ioaa?aoe?th o na?oiaa ainiiaea?noai o aeena?oaoe?? i?iiiio?oueny aeei?enoaoe niaoe?aeuei? (a?euei?) aeiiii?/i? ciie, noai?ai? ia i?eei?aeiiieo oa?eoi??yo, cie?aia Ea?iaonueeiai ?a?i?aa?iio, ye i?ii?aeio eaieo o e?ea?aeaoe?? iaiaaeaiue ia oeyoo ?ooo oiaa??a oa eai?oae?a o a?aeiineiao i?ae ?aa?iiaie i?eei?aeiiieo aea?aeaa. Eiiieaenia ii?aeiaiiy iiaeeeainoae o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa oa niaoe?aeueieo (a?eueieo) aeiiii?/ieo cii iaea?eueoith i??ith ni?eyoeia i?aeaeuaiith aoaeoeaiino? ciai?oi?o aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a i?eei?aeiiieo iaeanoae iaoi? e?a?ie. O i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy anoaiiaeaii, ui ia?aaeoiiaith noai?aiiy niaoe?aeueieo (a?eueieo) aeiiii?/ieo cii o i?eei?aeiiieo ?aa?iiao iiaeiia aooe iayai?noue c?o/iiai o?ainii?oii-aaia?ao?/iiai iieiaeaiiy, o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a, o?ainii?oii?, ae?iaie/i? ? nioe?aeueii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e. Caaaeath/e ia oea, iaea?eueo ?aaeuei? iiaeeeaino? oa ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo a i?eei?aeiiieo iaeanoyo Oe?a?ie, ui aoiaeyoue a Ea?iaonueeee ?a?i?aa?ii, iathoue niaoe?aeuei? (a?euei?) aeiiii?/i? ciie “ssai??a”, (Euea?anueea iaeanoue), oa “Caea?iaooy” (Caea?iaonueea iaeanoue), ine?eueee aeey ieo aeanoeaa oi?eaeueia ii?aeiaiiy ni?eyoeeaeo aaiaeiiii?/ieo, ne?iaeiieo, o?oaeiaeo oa ?ioeo oaeoi??a, ui caaacia/othoue aenieee ??aaiue ?aioaaaeueiino? ? oaeaeei? ieoiiino? ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?iaeo?a. Aecia/aeueiei iai?yiii i?aeaeuaiiy aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa ? ?icaoaeiaa ia’?eo?a ?io?ano?oeoo?e, iniaeeai o?ainii?oii? ia?aae? i?eei?aeiiieo oa?eoi??e, ui aeiaaa? caeo/aiiy i?aei?e?inoa ??cieo oi?i aeaniino?, ?iicaiieo ?iaanoi??a aei ?icaoaeiae o?ainii?oieo eiioi?eaoe?e a?aeiia?aeii aei na?oiaeo noaiaea?o?a /a?ac ni?a?ia?oieoeoai c i?aeia?iaeieie i?aai?caoe?yie oa iine?aeiaio ?ioaa?aoe?th a i?aeia?iaeio o?ainii?oio nenoaio. ?icaeoie o?ainii?oii-oeyoiaiai eiiieaeno iaiiaeeeaee aac ?noioiiai ca?eueoaiiy ianya?a i?aeaea?aeaaieo ia?aaacaiue, iniaeeai /a?ac i?eei?aeiii? oa?eoi???, c?inoaiiy ianya?a o?aiceoieo ia?aaacaiue aaioaae?a aaoiiia?eueiei o?ainii?oii oa aeeth/aiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? ia?aae? cae?cieoeue aei i?aeia?iaeii? nenoaie o?ainii?oieo ei?eaei??a. Iaeii/anii ca?eueoaiiy ianya?a o?ainei?aeiiieo ia?aaacaiue /a?ac oa?eoi??th Oe?a?ie iio?aao? aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?ci?a caoenoo aeiiii?/ii? aaciaee aea?aeaae oa ae??oaiiy ?yaeo niaoeeo?/ieo i?iaeai. Na?aae ieo iniaeeai aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy ia? iaiao?aei?noue caaacia/aiiy iaeaaeiiai ??aiy aea?aeaaiiai eiio?ieth ca ?ooii i?aeia?iaeieo o?aiceoieo oiaa?iiioie?a. O aeena?oaoe?? iaaieioo?oueny, ui iaea?eueo aoaeoeaieie iaoai?ciaie caaacia/aiiy aeiiii?/ii? aaciaee i?aeia?iaeieo o?aiceoieo ia?aaacaiue ? o?iainia? aa?aio?? oa noi?iaiaeaeaiiy ieoiith aa?oith. Ia aeoieo aeena?oaioa, naia aeiiii?/iee aiae?c i?aeia?iaeieo o?aiceoieo oiaa?iiioie?a aea? iiaeeea?noue canoinoaaoe ia i?aeoeoe? ?acoeueoaoe iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue aeey eii?aeeiaoe?? aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy o?aiceoii? iie?oeee oa iiaeaiiy ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei ?icaoaeiae a?aeiia?aeii? i?eei?aeiiii?, ieoii? oa o?ainii?oii-aeniaaeeoi?nueei? ?io?ano?oeoo?e. AENIIAEE O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? i?iaaaeaia aeaoaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy o?ainei?aeiiieo aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a Ea?iaonueeiai ?a?i?aa?iio, ui aeicaieeei c?iaeoe ianooii? aeniiaee: 1. Ia iniia? aea/aiiy ia?aaeoiia oa i?aeia?iaeii? i?aeoeee o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa cai?iiiiiaaia iiiyo?eia aecia/aiiy “o?ainei?aeiii? aeiiii?/i? ca’ycee”, ye eiiieaen aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei oa ?ioa?an?a, ui oi?iothoueny ? ?aae?cothoueny ia i?ae?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai? oa aecia/athoueny ae??th aeiiii?/ieo caeii?a, ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaith aacith ? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iei na?aaeiaeuai i?eei?aeiiieo ?aa?ii?a. Cai?iiiiiaaii eeaneo?eoaaoe o?ainei?aeiii? ca’ycee ca ?o aeiiii?/iei ci?noii ia o?e aeaee: ciai?oiueioi?aiaaeuei?, o?iainiai-?iaanoeoe?ei? oa nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? ca’ycee. 2. Nenoaiiee aiae?c a?o/eciyiiai ? ca?oa?aeiiai iaoeiaiai aei?iaeo aeaa iiaeeea?noue iaa?oiooaaoe aeioe?euei?noue o/ano? i?eei?aeiiieo iaeanoae Oe?a?ie a ?a?i?aa?iiao – ?inoeoooe?yo o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa, noai?aieo ca o/anoth ?aa?ii?a non?aei?o aea?aeaa c iaoith oi?ioaaiiy ni?eyoeeaiai iae?ina?aaeiaeua aeey ?aae?caoe?? aeiiii?/ieo ?ioaa?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a. Aeena?oaioii cai?iiiiiaai? eiioeaiooaeuei? canaaee ?ioaa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie a ?a?iiaenueeee Nithc caniaii ?icaeoeo o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa oa e?aa?ae?caoe?? oiia aca?iii? oi?a?ae? c aea?aeaaaie, ui iaaeothoue c Oe?a?iith ? ? i?aoaiaeaioaie uiaei anooio a ?a?iiaenueeee Nithc. 3. I?iaaaeaia ioe?iea a?o/eciyiiai oa i?aeia?iaeiiai i?aaiaiai iiey iieacaea aeinoaoiuei aenieee ??aaiue ?icaeoeo ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiai caaacia/aiiy o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa, iaeiae, ia aeoieo aeena?oaioa, ? iaaeae? aeooaeueiei caeeoa?oueny aaeineiiaeaiiy eiai ii?i oeyoii a?aooaaiiy iniaeeainoae o?ainei?aeiiieo ca’yce?a o niaoe?aeueiiio caeiiiaeaanoa? Oe?a?ie, cie?aia o oaeeo iai?yiao, ye i?eei?aeiiia oi?a?aey, ?aaeei oi?ioaaiiy niaoe?aeueieo (a?eueieo) aeiiii?/ieo cii oa ?a?i?aa?ii?a. 4. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae? iieacaei, ui i?eei?aeiiia ?icoaooaaiiy iaeanoae Oe?a?ie a oiiaao e?aa?ae?caoe?? ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee ia? ?noioiee aieea ia ianya oa aeeiai?eo o?ainei?aeiiieo oiaa?ieo iioie?a, ui aeicaieeei aeinyaiooe naia ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai? iaea?eueoeo oaii?a ?inoo ianya?a i?eei?aeiiii? oi?a?ae?. 5. Ia iniia? ?nioth/eo iaoiaeee, aaeaioiaaieo aeey aecia/aiiy iieaciee?a a?aeiinii? oa aaniethoii? aoaeoeaiino? o?ainei?aeiiieo aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a cai?iiiiiaai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aenii?oieo iia?aoe?e noa’?eo?a i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino? Euea?anueei? iaeano?. 6. Aeoiaey/e c oiai, ui iecueea eiioeaio?aoe?y eai?oaeo o i?eei?aeiiieo ?aa?iiao Oe?a?ie cia/ii no?eio? ?aae?caoe?th o?ainei?aeiiieo ?i?oe?aoea, o aeena?oaoe?? cai?iiiiiaai? iai?yie aeei?enoaiiy niaoe?aeueieo (a?eueieo) aeiiii?/ieo cii c iaoith caeo/aiiy o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a aeey ae??oaiiy nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo i?iaeai i?eei?aeiiieo oa?eoi??e ? ?aae?caoe?? o?ainei?aeiiieo ?ioa?an?a aea?aeaae a oe?eiio. 7. I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaei, ui ?icaeoie o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa iaiiaeeeaee aac aoiaeaeaiiy aei i?aeia?iaeii? nenoaie o?ainii?oieo ei?eaei??a oa ?icaoaeiae i?eei?aeiiii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e, ye? ni?eythoue ia?iuaiith ianya?a i?aeaea?aeaaieo ia?aaacaiue, a oiio /ene? o?aiceoieo ia?aaacaiue aaoiiia?eueiei oa cae?cie/iei o?ainii?oii. 8. Cai?iiiiiaai? aeena?oaioii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aeei?enoaiiy ai?iaiaaieo na?oiaith i?aeoeeith iaoai?ci?a aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy i?aeia?iaeieo o?aiceoieo oiaa?iiioie?a ciaeoee nai? a?aeia?aaeaiiy a ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeo aeieoiaioao, ui aeaei iiaeeea?noue ciaioeoe a??ia?aei?noue iaeiio?ieueiaaiiai i?iieeiaiiy ia ieoio oa?eoi??th Oe?a?ie aenieie?ea?aeieo ?iii?oieo oiaa??a. INIIAI? IOAE?EAOe?? CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1. Aeaoee?a ?.I. O?ainei?aeiiia ni?a?ia?oieoeoai - ia’?eoeaia ia?aaeoiiaa ?ioaa?aoe?? a na?oiaa ainiiaea?noai // Ciai?oiy oi?a?aey: i?iaeaie oa ia?niaeoeae: ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. - O.: Aeoa, 1997.- 0,7 ae.a. 2. Aeaoee?a ?.I. ?ioaa?aoe?y Oe?a?ie a na?oiaee ia?eaoeiaiaee i?ino?? oa o?ainei?aeiiia ni?a?ia?oieoeoai // Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy a ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae (Ui??/iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue). Aeione II / I?ae ?aae. I.?.Aeie?oiueiai. - Euea?a: IAI Oe?a?ie, ?inoeooo ?aa?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, 1997.- 0,7 ae.a. 3. Aeaoee?a ?.I. Aaiaeiiii?/i? ?ioa?ane Oe?a?ie oa o?ainei?aeiiia ni?a?ia?oieoeoai // Ciai?oiy oi?a?aey: i?iaeaie oa ia?niaeoeae: ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. Aeione 2. – E.: OACO, 1998. - 0,8 ae.a. 4. Aeaoee?a ?.I. O?ainei?aeiiia ni?a?ia?oieoeoai - oe?ieee i?ino?? aeey ni?ai?aoe? // ?ioaa?aoe?y aeiiii?/ieo ?ioa?an?a niiaeea/i? eiiia?aoe?? a iaoe?iiaeueii-aea?aeaai? ?ioa?ane Oe?a?ie, Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue / Euea?anueea eiia?oe?eia aeaaeai?y - Euea?a, 1997.- 0,1 ae.a. 5. Aeaoee?a ?.I. O?ainei?aeiiia ni?a?ia?oieoeoai oa aaiaeiiii?/i? ?ioa?ane Oe?a?ie // Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy a ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae. ?eieiaa ?io?ano?oeoo?a ? ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ia ae?yeuei?noue ?aa?ii?a (Ui??/iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue). Aeione V / I?ae ?aaeaeoe??th I.?.Aeie?oiueiai. - Euea?a: IAI Oe?a?ie, ?inoeooo ?aa?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, 1998. – 0,8 ae.a. 6. Aeaoee?a ?.I. I?iaeaie oa ia?niaeoeae o?ainei?aeiiiiai ?iaanoeoe?eiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa a iaaeao i?aeaea?aeaaii? anioe?aoe?? Ea?iaonueeee ?a?i?aa?ii // Ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/iee eo?’??. – 1998. ?2-3 – 0,2 ae.a. 7. Aeaoee?a ?.I. ?ieue o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa a ?aae?caoe?? aaiaeiiii?/ieo ?ioa?an?a Oe?a?ie // Ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/iee eo?’??.– 1998. ?4-5 - 0,1 ae.a. 8. Aeaoee?a ?.I., Aiae??e/oe A.A. O?ainei?aeiii? aeiiii?/i? ca’ycee // Ae?eiaee a?niee.– 1998, ?11 (54) – 0,3 ae.a. (iniaenoee aianie – 0,2 ae.a.) 9. Aeaoee?a ?.I., Aiae??e/oe A.A., Iao?iaa TH.A. ?aa?iiaeuei? i?iaeaie ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? a Oe?a?i? // Ciai?oiy oi?a?aey: i?iaeaie oa ia?niaeoeae: ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. Aeione 2. – E.: OACO, 1998. - 0,8 ae.a. (iniaenoee aianie – 0,2 ae.a. ) 10. Dackiw R., Szurgot B. Szanse i rzeczywistosc ukrainsko-polskiej wspolpracy regioonalnej // Problemy regionalnej wspolpracy transgranicznej / Rozprawy i monografie Widzialu Eonomicznego Filii Universytetu Marii Curie-Sklodowskiej w Rzeszowie. - Rzesow, 1996. - 0,3 ae.a. (iniaenoee aianie – 0,2 ae.a. ) 11. Dackiw R., Szurgot A. Niektore problemy wspolpracy transgranicznej jako procesu integracji z rynkem miedzynarodowym // Spoleczne koszty migracji transgranicznych / Rozprawy I monografie Widzialu Eonomicznego Filii Universytetu Marii Curie-Sklodowskiej w Rzeszowie, Rzesow. - 1997. - 0,4 ae.a. (iniaenoee aianie – 0,2 ae.a. ). 12. Dackiw R., Szurgot B. O tendencjach rozwoju ukrainsko-polskiej wspolpracy transgranicznej // Czynniki i bariery regionalney wspolpracy transgranicznej – proba syntezy/ Rozprawy I monografie Widzialu Eonomicznego Filii Universytetu Marii Curie-Sklodowskiej w Rzeszowie, Rzesow. - 1998. - 0,2 ae.a. (iniaenoee aianie – 0,1 ae.a. ). AIIOAOe?ss Aeaoee?a ?.I. O?ainei?aeiii? aeiiii?/i? ca’ycee Ea?iaonueeiai ?a?i?aa?iio oa ?o aoaeoeai?noue. - ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaith eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth: 08.05.01 – Na?oiaa ainiiaea?noai oa i?aeia?iaei? aeiiii?/i? a?aeiineie, Oe?a?inueea aeaaeai?y ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae? I?i?noa?noaa ciai?oi?o aeiiii?/ieo ca'yce?a ? oi?a?ae? Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999. O aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeothoueny iniaeeaino? ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? i?eei?aeiiieo iaeanoae Oe?a?ie a oiiaao o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa. A ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiiy iaa?oioiaai? iaoiaee/ii-i?aai?caoe?ei? canaaee i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? o?ainei?aeiiieo aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a i?ae?aa?iiaeueii? anioe?aoe?? “Ea?iaonueeee ?a?i?aa?ii”. Eeth/ia? neiaa: i?aeia?iaei? aeiiii?/i? a?aeiineie, o?ainei?aeiiia ni?a?ia?oieoeoai, ?a?i?aa?iie, aoaeoeai?noue o?ainei?aeiiieo aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a, niaoe?aeuei? (a?euei?) aeiiii?/i? ciie, i?aeia?iaei? o?ainii?oi? ei?eaei?e. AIIIOAOeEss Aeaoeeea ?.I. O?aina?aie/iua yeiiiie/aneea nayce Ea?iaoneiai Aa?i?aaeiia e eo yooaeoeaiinoue. – ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe: 08.05.01 - Ie?iaia oicyenoai e iaaeaeoia?iaeiua yeiiiie/aneea ioiioaiey, Oe?aeineay aeaaeaiey aiaoiae oi?aiaee Ieienoa?noaa aiaoieo yeiiiie/aneeo naycae e oi?aiaee Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999. A aeenna?oaoeee enneaaeothony iniaaiiinoe aiaoiayeiiiie/aneeo naycae i?ea?aie/iuo iaeanoae Oe?aeiu a oneiaeyo o?aina?aie/iiai nio?oaeie/anoaa. Ia iniiaa e?eoe/aneiai aiaeeca i?aaeiinueie aicieeiiaaiey e iaaeaeoia?iaeiie i?aeoeee o?aina?aie/iiai nio?oaeie/anoaa aeiiieiaii e eiie?aoece?iaaii iiiyoea “o?aina?aie/iua yeiiiie/aneea nayce”, eae nenoaia yeiiiie/aneeo ioiioaiee e eioa?ania, oi?ie?othuayny ia iaae?aaeiiaeueiii o?iaia iiae aeeyieai yeiiiie/aneeo caeiiia, ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaie aacu e nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneie n?aaeu i?ea?aie/iuo ?aaeiiia. Nenoaiiue aiaeec ioa/anoaaiiiai e ca?oaaaeiiai iiuoa ii?aaeaeee aiciiaeiinoue iainiiaaiey yeiiiie/aneie oeaeaniia?aciinoe o/anoey i?ea?aie/iuo iaeanoae Oe?aeiu a aa?i?aaeiiao – einoeoooeeyo o?aina?aie/iiai nio?oaeie/anoaa, nicaeaiiuo n o/anoeai ?aaeiiia ninaaeieo ainoaea?noa n oeaeueth oi?ie?iaaiey aeaaii?eyoiie n?aaeu aeey ?aaeecaoeee eioaa?aoeeiiiuo i?ioeannia. I?aaeeaaathony eiioeaiooaeueiua iiaeoiaeu e eioaa?aoeee Oe?aeiu a Aa?iiaeneee Nithc /a?ac ?acaeoea o?aina?aie/iiai nio?oaeie/anoaa e eeaa?aeecaoeeth oneiaee acaeiiie oi?aiaee n ninaaeieie ainoaea?noaaie. I?iaaaeaiiay ioeaiea i?aaiaie n?aaeu iieacaea aeinoaoi/ii aunieee o?iaaiue ?acaeoey ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiai iaania/aiey i?ioeannia o?aina?aie/iiai nio?oaeie/anoaa. Iaeiaei, iaiaoiaeeii aeaeueiaeoaa niaa?oainoaiaaiea aai ii?i o/aoa iniaaiiinoae o?aina?aie/iuo naycae a niaoeeaeueiii caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa Oe?aeiu, a oii /enea a oaeeo iai?aaeaieyo, eae i?ea?aie/iay oi?aiaey, ?aaeei oi?ie?iaaiey niaoeeaeueiuo (naiaiaeiuo) yeiiiie/aneeo cii e aa?i?aaeiiia. Aiaeec oaiaeaioeee ?acaeoey aiaoiae oi?aiaee iieacae, /oi i?ea?aie/iia ?aciauaiea iaeanoae Oe?aeiu, /oi aoiaeyo a iaae?aaeiiaeueioth annioeeaoeeth “Ea?iaoneee Aa?i?aaei” a oneiaeyo eeaa?aeecaoeee aiaoiayeiiiie/aneie iieeoeee eiaao nouanoaaiiia aeeyiea ia iauai e aeeiaieeo o?aina?aie/iuo oiaa?iuo iioieia, /oi nicaeaao i?aaeiinueee aeinoeaeaiey eiaiii ia ?aaeiiaeueiii o?iaia iaeaieueoeo oaiiia ?inoa iauaiia aiaoiae oi?aiaee. Ia iniiaa iaoiaeee, aaeaioe?iaaiiuo aeey ii?aaeaeaiey iieacaoaeae ioiineoaeueiie e aaniethoiie yooaeoeaiinoe o?aina?aie/iuo yeiiiie/aneeo naycae, iainiiaaiu ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii iiauoaieth yooaeoeaiinoe yenii?oiuo iia?aoeee noauaeoia i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie aeayoaeueiinoe Eueaianeie iaeanoe. A ?acoeueoaoa enneaaeiaaiey iainiiaaiu i?ei?eoaou ?acaeoey e i?aaiecaoeeiiiua iiaeoiaeu iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe o?aina?aie/iuo yeiiiie/aneeo naycae /a?ac oi?ie?iaaiea niaoeeaeueiuo (naiaiaeiuo) yeiiiie/aneeo cii. Naeaeai auaiae i oii, /oi ?acaeoea o?aina?aie/iiai nio?oaeie/anoaa iaaiciiaeii aac eioaa?aoeee a nenoaio iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo o?ainii?oiuo ei?eaei?ia e nicaeaiey nia?aiaiiie i?ea?aie/iie eio?ano?oeoo?u, /oi a eiiieaena eiaao nouanoaaiiia aeeyiea ia oaaee/aiea iaueaiia iaaeainoaea?noaaiiuo e o?aiceoiuo a?ocia. Aeena?oaioii i?aaeeiaeaiu ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii eniieueciaaieth ai?iae?iaaiiuo ie?iaui iiuoii iaoaieciia ainoaea?noaaiiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo o?aiceoiuo oiaa?iuo iioieia n oeaeueth eneeth/aiey aiciiaeiinoe iaeiio?iee?iaaiiiai aaica ia oaiiaeaiioth oa??eoi?eth Oe?aeiu aunieieeeaeaeiuo eiii?oiuo oiaa?ia. Eeth/aaua neiaa: iaaeaeoia?iaeiua yeiiiie/aneea ioiioaiey, o?aina?aie/iia nio?oaeie/anoai; aa?i?aaeiiu; yooaeoeaiinoue o?aina?aie/iuo yeiiiie/aneeo naycae; niaoeeaeueiua (naiaiaeiua) yeiiiie/aneea ciiu; iaaeaeoia?iaeiua o?ainii?oiua ei?eaei?u. THE SUMMARY Datskiv R. Carpathian Euroregion Transborder Economic Relations and Their Efficiency. – Manuscript. Typescript of thesis for obtaining the scientific degree of Candidate of Economical Sciences, on specialty: 08.05.01 - World Economy and International Economic Relations, Ukrainian Academy of Foreign Trade of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999. The peculiarities of foreign economic relations of transborder regions of Ukraine under conditions of frontier co-operation are researched in the thesis. The priorities of development of interregional association “Carpathian Euroregion” and methodical-organization approaches of effectiveness promotion of transborder economic relations are proposed and tested in the thesis. Key words: international economic relations, transborder cooperation; euroregions; effectiveness of transborder economic relations; special (free) economic zones; international transport corridors.

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