OA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

Eaa/aiei Ieaenaiae? Ieeieaeiae/

OAeE 537.86:548.4

O?AINOI?IAOe?ss

?AAe?AOe?EIEO IA?AIAAI?OIEO OeAIO??A

OA OIOE*I? AOAEOE O E?ENOAEAO

KDP ? DKDP

01.04.03 — ?aaeiioiceea

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoei? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oiceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

OA?E?A — 1998

Aeena?oaoei?th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Xa?eianueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oiiaa?neoaoi,

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea?iaiee: aeieoi? oiceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani?,

/eai-ei?aniiiaeaio IAI Oe?a?ie

Ooeueaa Aaea?ie Ieoaeeiae/,

?aaeiiano?iiiii/iee iinoeooo IAI Oe?a?ie,

caaiaeoth/ee aiaeaeieii.

Ioioeieii iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oiceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani?

Ianeiaaoeueeee Noaoai Aiaoieieiae/,

?aaeiiano?iiiii/iee iinoeooo IAI Oe?a?ie,

i?iaiaeiee iaoeiaee niia?iaioiee;

aeieoi? oiceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

Aiaea?n Ieaenaiae? Aai?aieiae/,

O?ceei-oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo iecueeeo oaiia?aoo?

?i. A.?. A??e?ia IAI Oe?a?ie,

i?iaiaeiee iaoeiaee niia?iaioiee.

I?iaiaeia onoaiiaa: Iinoeooo ?aaeiioiceee oa aeaeo?iiiee
?i. I.ss. Oneeiaa

IAI Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e ?aae?iniaeo?ineii??, i. Oa?eia.

Caoeno aiaeaoaeaoueny 11 a?oaeiy 1998 ?. a 15 aiaeei 30 oaeeei ia
caniaeaiii niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.051.02 Xa?eianueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oiiaa?neoaoo (310077, i. Xa?eia, ie. Naiaiaee, 4, aoae.
3-9).

C aeena?oaoei?th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o Oeaio?aeueiie iaoeiaie
aiaeiioaoei Oa?eianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oiiaa?neoaoo (310077, i. Oa?eia,
ie. Naiaiaee, 4).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?icineaiee 22 aeiaoiy 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
*aaioa?ueia A.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeueiinoue oaie.

?aaeiaoeieii aeaoaeoe a e?enoaeao eaaioiai? aeaeo?iiiee aeceaathoue
aaeeeee iioa?an o oiceeia. I?i oea naiae/eoue aaee/acia eieueeinoue
noaoae i iiiia?aoie, a yeeo aea/a?oueny aoaeiaa, iaoaiicie ooai?aiiy oa
aieea ie?aieo oeiia aeaoaeoia ia oice/ii aeanoeainoi e?enoaeia. Oei
?iaioe aeacothoue ia oa, ui cia/ia /anoeia aiaeiieo ?iciiaeaeia
?aaeiaoeieieo aeaoaeoia aeieea? aianeiaeie ia?aoai?aiiy (o?ainoi?iaoei?)
oi/eiaeo aeaoaeoia, yei iniothoue a e?enoaeao.

Aea/aiiy o?ainoi?iaoei? iaiaoiaeia, ii-ia?oa, aeey io?eiaiiy iiaeo
ciaiue i?i iie?ineiii/ii i?ioeane, ui aiaeaoaathoueny i?e aca?iiaei?
aei?iiiithaaiue c ?a/iaeiith. Ii-ae?oaa, i?ioeane o?ainoi?iaoei? ca
iaaieo oiia iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoaii aeey ciiie oice/ieo aeanoeainoae
e?enoaeia a iio?iaiiio iai?yieo. Ii-o?ao?, oiio, ui oei i?ioeane
aieeaathoue ia oice/ii aeanoeainoi e?enoaeia, aiae yeeo caeaaeaoue
oa?aeoa?enoeee oa ?ano?n ?iaioe eaaioiaeo i?eeaaeia.

Aaoi?e ?iaio, i?enay/aieo aea/aiith o?ainoi?iaoei? a e?enoaeao, ye
i?aaeei, aeineiaeaeoaaee iaeia ia?aoai?thaaiiy ?aaeiaoeieieo oeaio?ia.
I?ioa a e?enoaeao iniothoue oaeiae i?ioeane aaaaoinooiaiaai?
o?ainoi?iaoei?, yei ia oeae /an aea/aii iaaeinoaoiuei. Aiie iinoyoue a
niai aeaeieueea iineiaeiaieo ia?aoai?thaaiue aeaoaeoia.

Aenia?eiaioaeueii aeineiaeaeaiiy aaaaoinooiaiaai? o?ainoi?iaoei? i?e
ii?iiiithaaiii e?enoaeia ca`ycaii c iaaieie o?oaeiiuaie ? iio?aaothoue
iiooeo na?aaeiaeua, a yeiio oea yaeua inio? oa iiaea aooe aeyaeaii i
aea/aii no/anieie iaoeiaeie iaoiaeaie.

A aeaiie ?iaioi c?iaeaii ni?iao aeei?enoaoe aeey aea/aiiy
o?ainoi?iaoei? e?enoaee aeeaiae?i- i aeeaeaeoa?ioinoaoo eaeith
(aiaeiiaiaeii, KDP i DKDP), yei iaaoee oe?ieiai ?iciianthaeaeaiiy a
eaaioiaie ?aaeiioiceoei ye iaeiiieii aeaiaioe aeey aaia?aoei? aa?iiiie
eaca?iiai aei?iiiithaaiiy, a iiaeoeyoi?ao iiooaeieo naioeiaeo iioieia oa
a iioeo i?eeaaeao eaaioiai? aeaeo?iiiee. ?aoioea iacaaieo e?enoaeia
noieea aei aei? ?aaeiaoei?. Oea aea? ciiao aeei?enoiaoaaoe oe?ieee
iioa?aae aeic ii?iiiithaaiue aac ?oeioaaiiy e?enoaei/ieo a?ao, ui ?
iaiaoiaeiei aeey niinoa?aaeaiiy aaaaoinooiaiaai? o?ainoi?iaoei?
?aaeiaoeieieo oeaio?ia.

Aeey aeineiaeaeaiiy aoei aea?aii e?enoaee c aeiiioeiaeie aoiiaie
ieo`yeo, ia yeeo a aeaiie ?iaioi ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeo AI? aoei
aeyaeaii o?ainoi?iaoeith ?aaeiaoeieieo oeaio?ia i?e ii?iiiithaaiii oa
oa?ii/iiio aiaeiaeaiii. Oeae aeai? aeicaiey? io?eiaoe aenieo oi/iinoue
eieueeinieo aeii?thaaiue ?aaeiaoeieieo oeaio?ia aianeiaeie inioaaiiy
?iaiiii?iiai ?iciiaeieo aoiiia ieo`yeo ii e?enoaeo, ui aea? aaeeei
iiaeeeainoi aeey aea/aiiy i?ioeania o?ainoi?iaoei? eiiaoe/iei iaoiaeii.
Aii oaeiae aea? ciiao aecia/eoe aieea aeiiioee 75As ia ?aaeiaoeieio
noieeinoue oa yeinoue i?iieneiaeo e?enoaeia KDP i DKDP, ui ia? i?aeoe/ia
cia/aiiy.

Aeooaeueiinoue oaie aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe coiiaeaia eieueeiia
ianoaaeiaie:

o?ainoi?iaoeiy ?aaeiaoeieieo aeaoaeoia aiaeaoaa?oueny i?e aca?iiaei?
aei?iiiithaaiue c ?a/iaeiith, aiia iia`ycaia c eaaioiaeie aoaeoaie i ?
i?aaeiaoii ooiaeaiaioaeueieo aeineiaeaeaiue a aaeoci eaaioiai?
?aaeiioiceee;

o?ainoi?iaoeiy aieeaa? ia oice/ii aeanoeainoi iaoa?iaeia eaaioiai?
aeaeo?iiiee, i ?? aeineiaeaeaiiy iia`ycaia c i?aeoe/iith iio?aaith
iiaeaeuaiiy yeinoi eaca?ieo e?enoaeia, ?o noieeinoi aei
aeaeo?iiaaiioiiai oa iioeo aeaeia aei?iiiithaaiue;

aeineiaeaeaiiy i?ioeania o?ainoi?iaoei? oa ?? aieeao ia oice/ii
aeanoeainoi e?enoaeia a oe?ieiio iioa?aaei aeic ii?iiiiaiiy iio?iaia
aeey ae?ioaiiy caaea/, iia`ycaieo c iiaeaeuaiiyi ?ano?no ?iaioe
i?eeaaeia eaaioiai? aeaeo?iiiee.

Io?eiaii a aeaiie ?iaioi iiai ciaiiy i?i o?ainoi?iaoeith oi/eiaeo
aeaoaeoia oa iioi iie?ineiii/ii i?ioeane a e?enoaeao aeicaieythoue
ae?ioeoe eiiieaen ieoaiue uiaei iiaeaeuaiiy yeinoi i?iieneiaeo e?enoaeia
KDP i DKDP, yei oe?iei canoiniaothoueny a eaca?iie oaoiioei.

Ca`ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

Aeena?oaoeith aeeiiaii a ?aieao aea?aeathaeaeaoieo
iaoeiai-aeineiaeieoeueeeo ?iaio Oa?eianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oiiaa?neoaoo:
«?ac?aaioea iaoiaeia iiauoaiey ?aaeeaoeeiiiie e eo/aaie noieeinoe e
ea/anoaa e?enoaeeia, i?eiaiyaiuo a eaaioiaie yeaeo?iieea» (Oeo? oaie
2.11.42.17; N A? 0184.0074887) oa «Enneaaeiaaiea iaoiaeia iiauoaiey
?aaeeaoeeiiiie e eo/aaie noieeinoe e ea/anoaa e?enoaeeia, i?eiaiyaiuo a
eaaioiaie yeaeo?iieea» (Oeo? oaie 1.4.2.2; N A? 0186.013.3655).

Iaoa i caaea/i aeineiaeaeaiiy.

Iaoith ?iaioe aoei aecia/aiiy caeiiiii?iinoae i?ioeania ooai?thaaiiy i
o?ainoi?iaoei? ?aaeiaoeieieo oeaio?ia iiae aei?th iiiicoth/iai
ii?iiiithaaiiy oa oa?ii/iiai aiaeiaeaiiy, a oaeiae ca`ycaieo c oeeie
i?ioeanaie ?aaeiaoeieieie i iioe/ieie yaeuaie a iiiie?enoaeao KDP i DKDP
c aeiiioeiaeie aoiiaie ieo`yeo. Aiaeiiaiaeii aei oeueiai ae?iooaaeeny
oae? caaea/i:

iaeaioeoieaoeiy ?aaeiaoeieieo oeaio?ia, yei ooai?ththoueny a e?enoaeao
KDP:As i DKDP:As iiae aei?th ?icieo aeaeia iiiicoth/iai aei?iiiithaaiiy
a oe?ieiio iioa?aaei aeic;

aeyaeaiiy i?ioeania o?ainoi?iaoei? ?aaeiaoeieieo oeaio?ia i?e
ii?iiiithaaiii i oa?ii/iiio aiaeiaeaiii oa aecia/aiiy caeiiiii?iinoae
oeeo i?ioeania;

aecia/aiiy i?e?iaee oice/ieo aoaeoia, iia`ycaieo c i?ioeanaie
ooai?thaaiiy i o?ainoi?iaoei? oeaio?ia, cie?aia, ciiie iioe/iiai
iiaeeiaiiy e?enoaeia;

aecia/aiiy noieeinoi ?aaeiaoeieieo aeaoaeoia, aieeaath/eo ia iioe/ia
iiaeeiaiiy, aei aei? ii?iiiithaaiiy oa oa?ii/iiai aiaeiaeaiiy c iaoith
iaea?aeaiiy caniaia ia?iaee e?enoaeia, iaiaoiaeieo aeey iiaeaeuaiiy
?aaeiaoeieii? noieeinoi oa iie?auaiiy iioe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee e?enoaeia c
aeaoaeoaie.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia.

Ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeia AI?, iioe/ii? niaeo?ineiii? oa ii?aeiaiiy oeeo
iaoiaeia aea/aii iiai caeiiiii?iinoi aeieeiaiiy oa cieeiaiiy
?aaeiaoeieieo oeaio?ia, a oaeiae ciiie iioe/ieo aeanoeainoae e?enoaeia
oeio KDP, yei iia`ycaii c i?ioeanaie o?ainoi?iaoei? oi/eiaeo aeaoaeoia
i?e ii?iiiithaaiii e oa?ii/iiio aiaeiaeaiii e?enoaeia.

Iaeaioeoieiaaii noaaieueii i?e eiiiaoiie oaiia?aoo?i ?aaeiaoeieii
ia?aiaaiioii oeaio?e, yei aeieeathoue a e?enoaeao KDP:As i DKDP:As iiney
?o ii?iiiithaaiiy (-eaaioaie a oe?ieiio iioa?aaei aeic (101-107 A?),
oeueo?ao?ieaoiaei (OO), aeaeo?iiiei, iaeo?iiiei, i?ioiiiei aeaeaie
aei?iiiithaaiiy.

Aia?oa a e?enoaeao oeio KDP ca?a?no?iaaii ?aaeeeaee AsO22(. Oaeiae ia
aiaeiiio aiae iaeiiai oeio oeaio?a PO22-, iien yeiai ? a eioa?aoo?i,
iaie aoei aeineiaeaeaii aeaa ?iciiaeaee oeueiai oeaio?a: PO22—1 i
PO22—2. Aeyaeaii, ui oei aeaoaeoe aiae?iciythoueny eiinoaioaie
niii-aaiieueoiiiaio i ooai?ththoueny i?e ??cieo aeicao ii?iiiithaaiiy.

Anoaiiaeaii aeiciai caeaaeiinoi aiaeiinii? eiioeaio?aoei? ?icieo oeiia
?aaeiaoeieieo oeaio?ia i?e OO (?oooia eaiia), (-, aeaeo?iiiiio,
iaeo?iiiiio, i?ioiiiiio aeaeao ii?iiiithaaiiy.

Aia?oa aeyaeaii oa aeineiaeaeaii i?ioeane o?ainoi?iaoei? aeiiioeiaeo
ia?aiaaiioieo oeaio?ia ia aoiiao 75As, yei aiaeaoaathoueny i?e
ii?iiiithaaiii oa oa?ii/iiio aiaeiaeaiii e?enoaeia. Io?eiaii iniiaii
caeiiiii?iinoi oeeo i?ioeania.

Aiaeiii c eioa?aoo?e iioe/ii aoaeoe aeiiiaiaii aeyaeaieie iiaeie
nioaaie iioe/iiai iiaeeiaiiy, aeaieie i?i aiicio?iiith iioe/ieo nioa,
aea/aieie aeiciaeie caeaaeiinoyie iioe/iiai eiaoioei?ioo iiaeeiaiiy a
aieueo oe?ieiio aeiaiaciii aeic ii?iiiithaaiiy.

Aia?oa anoaiiaeaii, ui aeieeiaiiy, o?ainoi?iaoeiy oa cieeiaiiy
ia?aiaaiioieo oeaio?ia ia aoiiao 75As i?e ii?iiiithaaiii oa oa?ii/iiio
aiaeiaeaiii i?eaiaeyoue aei oaeeo oice/ieo aoaeoia:

ooai?aiith a e?enoaeao aeanieo ?aaeiaoeieieo ia?aiaaiioieo aeaoaeoia ia
aoiiao 31P;

iaiiiioiiiiai ciiithaaiiy eiaoioei?ioa iioe/iiai iiaeeiaiiy a
caeaaeiinoi aiae aeice ii?iiiithaaiiy a aeaeieueeio ?icieo iaeanoyo
iioe/iiai aeiaiaciio;

aoaeoo ?aaeiaoeieiiai i?inaioeaiiy e?enoaeia, yeee niinoa?iaa?oueny i?e
aaeeeeo aeicao ii?iiiithaaiiy;

iaiiiioiiiiai ciiithaaiiy iioe/iiai iiaeeiaiiy ii?iiiiaieo e?enoaeia a
i?ioeani oa?ii/iiai aiaeiaeaiiy;

aoaeoo oa?ii/iiai i?inaioeaiiy e?enoaeia, yeee niinoa?iaa?oueny i?e
o?eaaeiio oaieiaiio aeiyiii ia ii?iiiiaii e?enoaee;

icioiiiiai aoaeoo o?ainoi?iaoei? ?aaeeeaeia AsO44-(AsO32-: i?e
ii?iiiithaaiii a e?enoaeao KDP:As ooai?th?oueny aieueo aeniea
eiioeaio?aoeiy ?aaeiaoeieii-o?ainoi?iiaaieo oeaio?ia, iiae a
aeaeoa?i?iaaiiio aiaeici oeeo e?enoaeia DKDP:As.

I?e ii?iiiithaaiii e?enoaeia KDP:As acioiei eaca?ii aeyaeaii ciiio
eiioeaio?aoei? ia?aiaaiioieo oeaio?ia AsO32- i PO22—1. C?iaeaii
i?eiouaiiy i?i aieea oeeo oeaio?ia ia eaca?io iioeiinoue e?enoaeia.

A ?iaioi c`yniaaii c ?aeeii? oi/ee ci?o ciiithaaiiy a AI? ? iioe/ieo
niaeo?ao, a oaeiae niinoa?aaeoaaii a iiiie?enoaeao oeio aeeaiae?ioinoaoo
eaeith ?aaeiaoeieii oa ?aaeiaoeieii-iioe/ii aoaeoe, yei aiaeaoaathoueny
i?e ii?iiiithaaiii oa oa?ii/iiio aiaeiaeaiii e?enoaeia. Oea aeyaeeiny
iiaeeeaei aianeiaeie aeaoaeueiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy iie?ineiii/ieo
i?ioeania o e?enoaeao KDP:As ? DKDP:As ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeo AI? oa
aea/aiiy aieeao oeeo i?ioeania ia iioe/ia iiaeeiaiiy e?enoaeia
niieo/aiiyi iaoiaeia AI? i iioe/ii? niaeo?ineiii?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia.

E?enoaee KDP i DKDP oe?iei aeei?enoiaothoueny a eaaioiaie aeaeo?iiioei
aeey ia?aoai?thaaiiy /anoioe i aeey iiaeoeyoei? aenieiiioaineaiiai
eaca?iiai aei?iiiithaaiiy. ?ioaiiy i?iaeai, iia`ycaieo c iiaeaeuaiiyi ?o
iioe/ii? yeinoi, a oaeiae eaca?ii? ? ?aaeiaoeieii? noieeinoi ia?
i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy.

Aenia?eiaioaeueii aeineiaeaeaiiy aoei i?iaaaeaii ia c?aceao e?enoaeia,
yei na?ieii aeionea? i?iieneiainoue. Oiio iaea?aeaii ?acoeueoaoe
iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoaii ia i?aeoeoei.

O ?iaioi aeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoei? oa cai?iiiiiaaii cania uiaei iiaeaeuaiiy
yeinoi oa ?aaeiaoeieii? noieeinoi i?iieneiaeo e?enoaeia KDP i DKDP, yei
iinoyoue aeiiioeo ieo`yeo:

aecia/aii ?ieue aeiiioeiaeo aoiiia ieo`yeo a noai?aiii ?aaeiaoeieieo
oeaio?ia oa aieea oeeo oeaio?ia ia iioe/io i?ici?inoue KDP i DKDP.
Ciaioaiiy ?o eiioeaio?aoei? ? iaeiei ic oeyoia iiaeaeuaiiy yeinoi
e?enoaeia;

anoaiiaeaii, ui c aaaaoinooiaiaaith o?ainoi?iaoei?th aieueieo ?aaeeeaeia
iia`ycai aoaeo ?aaeiaoeieiiai i?inaioeaiiy e?enoaeia KDP:As, yeee
niinoa?iaa?oueny i?e aenieeo aeicao ii?iiiithaaiiy. Aii aiaee?eaa?
iiaeeeainoue aeey aeei?enoaiiy e?enoaeia a oiiaao aeno?aiaeueii neeueii?
?aaeiaoei? oa ? i?aeoe/iei caniaii iiaeaeuaiiy ?o ?aaeiaoeieii?
noieeinoi;

io?eiaii ?acoeueoaoe ii icioa?ii/iiio aiaeiaeaiith, yei aeicaieythoue
ae?iaeoe i?aeoe/ii ?aeiiaiaeaoei? uiaei aeei?enoaiiy oa?ii/ii?
o?ainoi?iaoei? aieueieo ?aaeeeaeia aeey aiaeiiaeaiiy iioe/ii? yeinoi
ii?iiiiaieo i?iieneiaeo e?enoaeia KDP i DKDP, yei iinoyoue aeiiioeo
ieo`yeo.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a: o/anoue o iinoaiiaoei caaea/i; iinoaiiaea
i i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioo, yeee iinoeoue a niai: ii?iiiiaiiy e?enoaeia
KDP i DKDP (-eaaioaie oa OO aei?iiiithaaiiyi ?oooii? eaiie i acioiiai
eaca?o, aenia?eiaioaeueia aeineiaeaeaiiy ? ?icoeo?oaaiiy niaeo?ia AI? i
iioe/iiai iiaeeiaiiy e?enoaeia, aenia?eiaioaeueia aeineiaeaeaiiy
eiiaoeee iaeiie/aiiy oa eiiaoeee oa?ii/iiai aiaeiaeaiiy ii?iiiiaieo
e?enoaeia; oai?aoe/iee aiaeic aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo c aeei?enoaiiyi
iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoiaeia; iioa?i?aoaoeiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoaoia;
iiaeaioiaea iaoa?iaeia aei ioaeieaoei?.

Iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

A e?enoaeao KDP:As i DKDP:As iaeaioeoieiaaii oinoue oeiia ?aaeiaoeieieo
ia?aiaaiioieo oeaio?ia, na?aae yeeo ? aia?oa aeyaeaii a e?enoaeao
aeaiiai oeio ?aaeeeaee AsO22-.

A oe?ieiio iioa?aaei aeic (-ii?iiiithaaiiy (101-107 A?), a oaeiae i?e
OO, aeaeo?iiiiio, iaeo?iiiiio i i?ioiiiiio aeaeao ii?iiiithaaiiy
anoaiiaeaii aeiciai caeaaeiinoi aiaeiinii? eiioeaio?aoei? ?icieo oeiia
?aaeiaoeieieo ia?aiaaiioieo oeaio?ia.

Aia?oa a e?enoaeao oeio KDP aeyaeaii i?ioeane aaaaoinooiaiaai?
o?ainoi?iaoei? ?aaeiaoeieieo ia?aiaaiioieo oeaio?ia ia aoiiao ieo`yeo
i?e ?aaeiaoeieiiio oa oaieiaiio aieeai i aecia/aii iniiaii
caeiiiii?iinoi aeieeiaiiy oa cieeiaiiy oeaio?ia a caeaaeiinoi aiae
o?eaaeinoi ii?iiiithaaiiy oa oa?ii/iiai aiaeiaeaiiy.

Aecia/aii aieea ?aaeiaoeieieo ia?aiaaiioieo oeaio?ia ia aoiiao ieo`yeo
oa i?ioeania ?o o?ainoi?iaoei? iiae aei?th iiiicoth/eo aei?iiiithaaiue i
i?e oa?ii/iiio aiaeiaeaiii ia iioe/ia iiaeeiaiiy e?enoaeia.

A?oiooth/enue ia iaea?aeaieo caeiiiii?iinoyo i?ioeania o?ainoi?iaoei?,
aecia/aii iiaeeeainoi aeei?enoaiiy i?ioeania ia?aoai?thaaiiy oeaio?ia
aeey iiaeaeuaiiy iioe/ii? i?ici?inoi i ?aaeiaoeieii? noieeinoi e?enoaeia
KDP i DKDP c aeaoaeoaie.

Nooiiiue aeinoiai?iinoi.

Iaa?oioiaaiinoue oa ai?iaiaeiinoue iaea?aeaieo a ?iaioi ?acoeueoaoia
aecia/a?oueny /ioeith iinoaiiaeith caaea/i, aeai?ii ia`?eoa
aeineiaeaeaiiy, yeee aeicaiey? io?eiaoe aeniea aiaeoai?thaaiiy
?acoeueoaoia, aeei?enoaiiyi no/anieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo ? aaeaeaaoieo
iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoiaeia, eiio?ieai oice/ii? ei?aeoiinoi ?acoeueoaoia,
aiaeicii iioeaie aeii?thaaiue, iiaiaeaeaiiyi iaea?aeaieo
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo i aiaeiiaiaeieo oai?aoe/ieo ?ic?aooieia.
Io?eiaii ?acoeueoaoe ia i?ioe?i/aoue aenia?eiaioaeueiei aeaiei
iioaeieiaaiei a eioa?aoo?i iioeie aaoi?aie. Iioa?i?aoaoeiy ?acoeueoaoia
aiaeiiaiaea? no/aniei oyaeaiiyi iaoee.

Ai?iaaoeiy ?acoeueoaoia aeena?oaoei?.

Aenia?eiaioaeueii ?acoeueoaoe aeiiiaiaeaeenue ia eiieo?nao iieiaeeo
a/aieo ?aaeiioice/iiai oaeoeueoaoo Xa?eianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oiiaa?neoaoo, yei aiaeaoaaeenue a 1984 i a 1987 ?., ia Ananithciie
eiioa?aioei? «I?eiaiaiea iaaieoiiai ?aciiaina a ia?iaeiii oicyenoaa»,
Eacaiue, 1988 ?., ia 27 Iiaeia?iaeiiio eiia?ani Aiia?a «Magnetic
Resonance and Related Phenomena», Eacaiue, 1994 ?.

Ioaeieaoei?.

?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoei? iioaeieiaaii a 3 noaooyo o iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao,
3 cai?ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, 3 oacao aeiiiaiaeae eiioa?aioeie, 1
aaoi?nueeiio naiaeioeoai.

No?oeoo?a oa ia`?i ?iaioe.

Aeena?oaoeiy iiaiei ianyaii 144 n. neeaaea?oueny ic anooio, i`yoe aeaa,
aeniiaeia i nieneo aeei?enoaii? eioa?aoo?e, iinoeoue a niai 25
?enoieia (24 n.), 7 oaaeeoeue i aiaeiia?aoith c 80 iaeiaioaaiue (10 n.).

INIIAIEE CI1NO ?IAIOE

O anooii iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeueiinoue oaie aeena?oaoei?, noi?ioeueiaaii
iaoo i caaea/i aeineiaeaeaiiy, i?eaaaeaii iaoeiaa ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy
?iaioe oa iniiaii iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno, ei?ioei
aeeeaaeaii ciino aeena?oaoei? ii aeaaao.

A ia?oie aeaai i?eaaaeaii iaeyae iniiaieo ?acoeueoaoia ?iaio,
i?enay/aieo aea/aiith i?ioeania o?ainoi?iaoei? oeaio?ia a e?enoaeao
eaaioiai? aeaeo?iiiee. ?icaeyaeathoueny ?acoeueoaoe ?iaio c
aeineiaeaeaiiy e?enoaeia oeio KDP, a yeeo niinoa?iaaeenue i?ioeane
ia?aoai?aiiy oi/eiaeo aeaoaeoia. I?eaiaeyoueny iaeaieueo
?iciianthaeaeaii aiiioace uiaei iaoaiiciia ?aaeiaoeieiiai
aeaoaeoiooai?aiiy i i?e?iaee iioe/iiai iiaeeiaiiy, yea aeieea? a oeeo
e?enoaeao iiae aieeaii ?aaeiaoei?.

Aiaeiii, ui e?enoaei/ia ?aoioea KDP ia c?oeiiao?oueny iaaioue ca oiiae
aei? ia ia? aeoaea aaeeeeie aeicaie iiiicoth/eo aei?iiiithaaiue. Oei
aeice i?e ?aaeoi?iiio ii?iiiithaaiii ia?aaeuothoue 1018 iaeo?ii/ni2 .
Aiaeii/an aaea i?e aeicao a iieueeii ?acia iaioeo aiaeaoaa?oueny
ciaioaiiy iioe/ii? i?ici?inoi e?enoaeia, ca`ycaia c ooai?thaaiiyi
?aaeiaoeieieo aeaoaeoia.

A eioa?aoo?i ? aeaeieueea i?eiouaiue uiaei i?e?iaee ?aaeiaoeieieo
aeaoaeoia, ciaiooth/eo iioe/io i?ici?inoue e?enoaeia KDP aac
niaoeiaeueii aaaaeaieo aeiiioie: iiaeeiaiiy a OO iaeanoi iioe/iiai
aeiaiaciio ca`ycothoue c aeiiioeith caeica, c aieueieie ?aaeeeaeaie, c
anioeiaoaie c aeaoaeoia ?icii? i?e?iaee, ci c?oeioaaiiyi i?e
ii?iiiithaaiii a?oie PO43-, yea ? no?oeoo?iei aeaiaioii aiiiiii?
iiae?aoioee e?enoaeia.

A ?yaei ?iaio aeyaeaii iaiiiioiiio caeaaeiinoue iioe/iiai iiaeeiaiiy
aiae aeice (-ii?iiiithaaiiy ia aeiaaeeii oaeei 260 ii, oiaoi nii/aoeo
c?inoaiiy, a iioii ciaioaiiy iacaaii? oa?aeoa?enoeee e?enoaeia ci
caieueoaiiyi aeice. Aeaiee oa?aeoa? caeaaeiinoi a aieueoinoi ?iaio
iiynith?oueny ?o aaoi?aie ia?iiaee/iei ooai?aiiyi oa ?iciaaeii
anioeiaoia aai aa?aaaoia ic aeaoaeoia aeiiioeiai-aaeainieii? i?e?iaee.

I?iaaaeaii eioa?aoo?iee iaeyae c aeineiaeaeaiue i?e?iaee iioe/iiai
iiaeeiaiiy a e?enoaeao oeio KDP. Iieacaii aoaeoeaiinoue ii?aeiaiiy
iaoiaeia AI? i iioe/ii? niaeo?ineiii? aeey aecia/aiiy no?oeoo?e oi/eiaeo
aeaoaeoia, yei aieeaathoue ia iioe/ii aeanoeainoi e?enoaeia oeio KDP.

A ae?oaie aeaai iienaii iaoiaeeeo i oaoiieo aenia?eiaioo, ca`ycaiiai c
ae?ioaiiyi iinoaaeaieo aeua caaea/. Oei caaea/i ae?iooaaeenue ca
aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeo AI? i eiai niieo/aiiy c iaoiaeii iioe/ii?
niaeo?ineiii?.

AI? aoei aeei?enoaii aeey io?eiaiiy iioi?iaoei? uiaei iie?ineiii/ii?
no?oeoo?e ?aaeiaoeieieo oeaio?ia, iaeaioeoieaoei? oeeo oeaio?ia oa
aea/aiiy i?ioeania ?o o?ainoi?iaoei?. I?ioeane o?ainoi?iaoei?
aeineiaeaeoaaeenue ii eieueeiniei ciiithaaiiyi ?icieo oeiia
ia?aiaaiioieo oeaio?ia c /anii (aeicie ii?iiiithaaiiy).

Aecia/aiiy aieeao ?icieo oeiia ia?aiaaiioieo oeaio?ia ia iioe/ia
iiaeeiaiiy i?iaiaeeeinue oeyoii aeyaeaiiy ca`yceo iiae ciiiith
eieueeinoi oeaio?ia, yea aecia/aeanue ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeo AI?, i
ciiiith iioe/iiai iiaeeiaiiy e?enoaeia i?e ?o ii?iiiithaaiii oa
oa?ii/iiio aiaeiaeaiii.

sse iniiaiee aeae iiiicoth/iai aei?iiiithaaiiy aoei aeei?enoaii
(-aei?iiiithaaiiy ?aaeiiaeoeaiiai icioiio 60Co. Iiooaeiinoue aeice
nii/aoeo i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioo noaiiaeea 0.42 A?/n i iinooiiai
ciaiooaaeanue a ii?o ?aaeiiaeoeaiiai ?iciaaeo icioiio. Aeineiaeaeaiiy
i?iaiaeeeenue a oe?ieiio iioa?aaei aeic: 101-107 A?. O?eaaeinoue
ii?iiiithaaiiy, yea aoea iaiaoiaeia aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaeneiaeueii?
aeice, aei?iaithaaea aiae iaeiiai aei eieueeio ?ieia.

Ii?yae ic (- aoei aeei?enoaii OO (?oooia eaiia, acioiee eaca?),
aeaeo?iiia, iaeo?iiia, i?ioiiia aeaee aei?iiiithaaiiy.

Niaeo?e AI? aeii?thaaeenue ia aiiiaeeiiiio niaeo?iiao?i
o?ueionaioeiao?iaiai aeiaiaciio, ui aoei cia?aii ia aaci i?iieneiaiai
?aeaeniiao?o «I?AN-1001». Aeey aeii?thaaiiy niaeo?ia iioe/iiai
iiaeeiaiiy aoei aeei?enoaii niaeo?ioioiiao? «Specord M40».

Oni aeineiaeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue i?e eiiiaoiie oaiia?aoo?i. Ca
aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeo AI? aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui a i?iieneiaeo c?aceao
e?enoaeia KDP i DKDP iniothoue aeiiioeiai aoiie ieo`yeo. Oei e?enoaee,
yei yaeythoue aiaeii/an iaoeiaee oa i?aeoe/iee iioa?an, ? aoei
aeei?enoaii aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aeineiaeaeaiue.

A o?aoie aeaai i?eaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiue niaeo?ia AI?
ii?iiiiaieo e?enoaeia KDP:As i DKDP:As.

Iaea?aeaii eooiai caeaaeiinoi niaeo?ia AI? aeey aeyaeaieo ?icieo oeiia
?aaeiaoeieieo ia?aiaaiioieo oeaio?ia. Oei caeaaeiinoi aeathoue ciiao
aecia/aoe inioaaiiy aeyaeaieo a e?enoaeao oeio KDP ?aaeiaoeieieo
oeaio?ia ii iayaieo niaeo?ao i?e ?icieo i?i?ioaoeiyo c?aceia e?enoaeia a
iaaiioiiio iiei.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui niaeo?e AI? an?o aeyaeaieo ?aaeiaoeieieo ia?aiaaiioieo
oeaio?ia iienothoueny niii-aaiieueoiiiaiii aeaeo:

— niii aeaeo?iia,

— niii yae?a,

g — oaeoi? niaeo?ineiii/iiai ?icuaieaiiy,

A — eiinoaioa iaaeoiiei? aca?iiaei?,

( — iaaiaoii Ai?a,

— niii i-ai yae?a c aoii?a ioi/aiiy oeaio?a,

a(i) — eiinoaioa noia?iaaeoiiei? aca?iiaei? c i-i yae?ii,

gn — yaea?iee g-oaeoi?,

(n — yaea?iee iaaiaoii Ai?a,

— iaaiioia iiea;

yaeythoueny aaeoi?aie, a g, A, a(i) — oaici?e 2-ai ?aiao.

?ic?aoiaaii eiinoaioe niiiiaiai aaiieueoiiiaio g i A, yei aeicaieythoue
anoaiiaeoe i?e?iaeo ?aaeiaoeieieo oeaio?ia (oaae.1).

Iaeaioeoieiaaii 6 oeiia ?aaeiaoeieieo ia?aiaaiioieo oeaio?ia,
aeieeath/eo a e?enoaeao KDP:As i KDP:As aianeiaeie ii?iiiithaaiiy.
Niinoa?aaeoaaii ia?aiaaiioii oeaio?e yaeythoue niaith aieueii ?aaeeeaee
AsO44-, AsO32-, aiaeiii c ?iaio ?icieo aaoi?ia, aia?oa a e?enoaeao oeio
KDP aeyaeaii ?aaeeeaee AsO22—1, AsO22—2, aiaeiii c eioa?aoo?e
ia?aiaaiioii oeaio?e PO22-. A aeaiie ?iaioi aeineiaeaeaii 2 oeie
?aaeeeaeo PO22-: PO22—1 i PO22—2. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aiie
aiae?iciythoueny aaee/eiaie eiinoaio niiiiaiai aaiieueoiiiaio ?
aeieeathoue o e?enoaeao i?e ?icieo aeicao.

C aiaeico noia?iaaeoiiei? no?oeoo?e niaeo?ia AI? aecia/aia eieueeinoue
i?ioiiia, ioi/oth/eo ?aaeiaoeieii oeaio?e: iiaeeco ?aaeeeaeia AsO44-,
AsO32- i AsO22- inio?, aiaeiiaiaeii, 4, 5 i 2 i?ioiia. Ia?oee ?acoeueoao
aeicaiey? aecia/eoe eiie?aoiee oei ?aaeeeaeo AsO44- na?aae aeaeieueeio
aiaeiieo ic eioa?aoo?e ?icieo aeaeia oeueiai oeaio?a, niinoa?aaeoaaieo a
e?enoaeao oeio KDP; ae?oaee caiaa?oueny c ?acoeueoaoaie aiaeiai/ieo
aeineiaeaeaiue aeey iaeiiai c oeiia ?aaeeeaeo AsO32- a e?enoaeao
aeeaiae?ia?naiaoo eaeith, a o?aoie iaea?aeaii aia?oa.

Aecia/aii oiiae aeieeiaiiy ?icieo oeiia ?aaeiaoeieieo ia?aiaaiioieo
oeaio?ia i?e ?icieo aeaeao ii?iiiithaaiiy: i?e oeueo?aoiieaoiaiio
ii?iiiithaaiii (i?ioyaii eieueeio aeia) a e?enoaeao KDP:As c`yaeythoueny
oeaio?e AsO44-, AsO32-, PO22—2; iiae aei?th (-aei?iiiithaaiiy (iioa?aae
aeic D(=101-107 A?) a e?enoaeao KDP:As i DKDP:As ooai?ththoueny 6 oeiia
ia?aiaaiioieo oeaio?ia: AsO44-, AsO32-, AsO22—1, AsO22—2, PO22—1,
PO22—2; oei 6 oeiia oeaio?ia oaeiae ooai?ththoueny i?e aeaeo?iiiiio
(E=8 IyA, Da=1012-1015 ni-2) i iaeo?iiiiio (Di=1012-1015 ni-2) aeaeao
ii?iiiithaaiiy; i?e ii?iiiiaiii i?ioiiaie (E=30 IyA, Di=1011-1013 ni-2)
a KDP:As ca?a?no?iaaii ?aaeeeae AsO44-.

Oaaeeoey 1

Eiinoaioe niii-aaiieueoiiiaio aieueieo ?aaeeeaeia a KDP:As

?aaeeeae

g-oaici?

A-oaici?, 10-4(Oe

AsO44-

g( g((

1.999 2.004

(( 0.005) A( A((

1073 1179

(( 5)

AsO32-

gx ( gy ( gz

2.00

(( 0.01) A( A((

622 785

(( 10)

1)

AsO22-

gx ( gy ( gz

2.00

(( 0.02) Ax Ay Az

230 77 70

(( 20)

PO22—1

gx gy gz

2.0028 2.0080 2.0460

(( 0.0005) Ax Ay Az

6.6 7.1 7.3

(( 0.5)

PO22—2

gx gy gz

2.0039 2.0086 2.0404

(( 0.0005) Ax Ay Az

7.0 7.1 6.1

(( 0.5)

I?eiioea. A e?enoaeao inio? 2 oeie ?aaeeeaeo AsO22- (AsO22—1 ?
AsO22—2). Aiie iathoue ?icio i?i?ioaoeith a e?enoaei/ieo a?aoao KDP.

*aoaa?oa aeaaa i?enay/aia eiiaoeoei iaeiie/aiiy oa cieeiaiiy
?aaeiaoeieieo oeaio?ia i?e ?icieo aeaeao iiiicoth/iai ii?iiiithaaiiy oa
i?e oa?ii/iiio aiaeiaeaiii ii?iiiiaieo e?enoaeia.

I?e ?icieo aeaeao ii?iiiithaaiue anoaiiaeaii aeiciai caeaaeiinoi
aiaeiinii? eiioeaio?aoei? ?icieo oeiia ?aaeiaoeieieo ia?aiaaiioieo
oeaio?ia. Oei ciaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoaii i?e ?ic?iaoei ?icieo
eaca?ieo i?eno?i?a, i?aoethth/eo a oiiaao ciaiioiuei? ?aaeiaoei?.

Ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeo AI? a e?enoaeao KDP:As aeyaeaii i?ioeane
o?ainoi?iaoei? ia?aiaaiioieo oeaio?ia ia aoiiao ieo`yeo i?e
?aaeiaoeieiiio ii?iiiithaaiii oa oa?ii/iiio aiaeiaeaiii i aecia/aii ?o
iniiaii caeiiiii?iinoi:

anoaiiaeaii, ui iiae aieeaii iiiicoth/iai ii?iiiithaaiiy a e?enoaeao KDP
? DKDP, ui iinoyoue iaia?aiaaiioii iiie AsO43-, aiaeaoaa?oueny
ooai?thaaiiy ia?aiaaiioieo oeaio?ia AsO44- oa ?o o?ainoi?iaoeiy ca
noaiith: AsO44-(AsO32-(AsO22-, ui caaa?oo?oueny ia?aoiaeii oeaio??a a
ae?aiaai?oi?. Inioaaiiy oeueiai yaeua a KDP i DKDP ia?aai?aii i?e ?icieo
aeaeao ii?iiiithaaiiy;

aeyaeaii icioiiiee aoaeo i?ioeano o?ainoi?iaoei? ?aaeeeaeia, yeee
niinoa?iaa?oueny i?e ii?iiiithaaiii KDP oa eiai aeaeoa?i?iaaiiai aiaeiao
DKDP. Aoaeo aeyaey?oueny a oiio, ui i?ioeane o?ainoi?iaoei?
AsO44-(AsO32- aeieeathoue a DKDP i?e aieueo aenieeo aeicao, iiae a KDP.
I?e oeueiio eieueeinoue ?aaeiaoeieii-o?ainoi?iiaaieo oeaio?ia a
e?enoaeao KDP o anueiio iioa?aaei aeic ii?iiiithaaiiy aeua, iiae a DKDP.
Inioaaiiy icioiiiiai aoaeoo c`yniaaii a aeaiie ?iaioi o/anoth a
o?ainoi?iaoei? ?aaeeeaeia i?ioiia (KDP) aai aeaeo?iia (DKDP), yei
iathoue ?icii aoiiii iane;

aeyaeaii ca`ycie iiae ooai?thaaiiyi aeiiioeiaeo AsO44-, AsO32- oa
aeanieo, aiaeiiaiaeii, PO22—1, PO22—2 ?aaeiaoeieieo ia?aiaaiioieo
oeaio?ia. Oeae ca`ycie aeaco? ia oa, ui o?ainoi?iaoeiy aeiiioeiaeo
oeaio?ia, iciii?oii caiiuoth/eo aoiie ?aoioee, ca aecia/aieie
ianoaaeiaie i?eaiaeeoue aei ?aaeiieico iao?eoei e?enoaeia;

aeyaeaii oa aeineiaeaeaii ca aeiiiiiaith eiiaoe/iiai iaoiaeo i?ioeane
aiaeiaeaiiy ?aaeiaoeieieo ia?aiaaiioieo oeaio?ia, ii/aoeiaei aoaiii
yeiai ? iacai?ioiy o?ainoi?iaoeiy ?aaeeeaeia ia aoiiao 75As.
Aeineiaeaeaii eiiaoeeo yaeua o?ainoi?iaoei? oa ?ic?aoiaaii aia?aith
aeoeaaoei?. I?ioean o?ainoi?iaoei? iiaeii?yaeeiao?oueny caeiio A?aiiona
i iieno?oueny caeiiii eiiaoeee 2 ii?yaeeo.

Iaaaaeaii iiaeaei iaoaiiciia aeyaeaieo i?ioeania o?ainoi?iaoei?
oi/eiaeo aeaoaeoia.

A i`yoie aeaai ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeo iioe/ii? niaeo?ineiii? io?eiaii
niaeo?aeueii oa?aeoa?enoeee e?enoaeia KDP:As a oe?ieiio iioa?aaei aeic
(-ii?iiiithaaiiy: 101-107 A?. Aeyaeaii iiai nioae iioe/iiai iiaeeiaiiy c
iaeneioiaie ia aeiaaeeii oaeeue 355(10 ? 278(5 ii.

Ca aeiiiiiaith ia`?aeiaiiy iaoiaeia AI? i iioe/ii? niaeo?ineiii?
aecia/aii aieea iie?ineiii/ieo i?ioeania, ui aiaeaoaathoueny a e?enoaeao
KDP:As, DKDP:As iiae aei?th iiiicoth/iai aei?iiiithaaiiy oa oa?ii/iiai
aiaeiaeaiiy, ia iioe/ii aeanoeainoi oeeo e?enoaeia:

anoaiiaeaii, ui ooai?aiiy a e?enoaeao aieueieo ?aaeeeaeia AsO44-, AsO32-
i?eaiaeeoue aei iiyae a iioe/ieo niaeo?ao ii?iiiiaieo e?enoaeia
?aciiainieo eiiie iiaeeiaiiy, aiaeiiaiaeii, 263, 355 ii, a c
ooai?thaaiiyi ?aaeeeaeia AsO22-, iaiaaii, iia`ycaia c`yaeaiiy eiii? 278
ii. Aecia/aii iioe/ii aeanoeainoi ?aaeeeaeia ia aoiiao ieo`yeo (oaae.2);

Oaaeeoey 2

Iioe/ii aeanoeainoi ?aaeiaoeieieo oeaio?ia a KDP:As

?aaeeeae (0, ii E0, aA (E, aA F

AsO44- 263( 5 4.7 0.8 ( 0.1 ~ 0.1

AsO32- 355(10 3.5 0.8 ( 0.2 ~ 0.1

AsO22- 278( 5 4. 5 0.31( 0.05 ~ 0.1

I?eiioea.

(( — ?aciiainia aeiaaeeia oaeei iioe/ii? eiii? iiaeeiaiiy,

E( — aia?aiy ia?aoiaeo,

(E — oe?eia eiii? ia ?iaii 0.5,

F — neea inoeeeyoi?a.

aeineiaeaeaii i c`yniaaii aiicio?iiith niaeo?ia iioe/iiai iiaeeiaiiy
ii?iiiiaieo e?enoaeia KDP:As i DKDP:As;

anoaiiaeaii, ui i?ioeane o?ainoi?iaoei? ia?aiaaiioieo oeaio?ia ia aoiiao
ieo`yeo, ye? aiaeaoaathoueny i?e ?aaeiaoeieiiio ii?iiiithaaiii oa
oa?ii/iiio aiaeiaeaiii e?enoaeia, i?eaiaeyoue aei iaiiiioiiii?
caeaaeiinoi iioe/iiai iiaeeiaiiy a ?icieo iaeanoyo niaeo?o aiae i?ioyao
ciaiioiueiai aieeao: iioe/ia iiaeeiaiiy e?enoaeia ia ?icieo aeiaaeeiao
oaeeue aeinyaa? iaeneiaeueiiai cia/aiiy i?e ?icieo aeicao, a aeaei
ciaioo?oueny;

aeyaeaii, ui i?e o?ainoi?iaoei? onio inioth/eo a e?enoaei aeiiioeiaeo
oeaio?ia, yea caaa?oo?oueny ia?aoai?aiiyi ia?aiaaiioieo oeaio?ia a
aeiaiaaiioii, niinoa?iaa?oueny aoaeo i?inaioeaiiy e?enoaeia o oe?ieie
iaeanoi niaeo?o iioe/iiai aeiaiaciio. Aoaeo i?inaioeaiiy
niinoa?iaa?oueny ye i?e ii?iiiithaaiii, oae naia i i?e oa?ii/iiio
aiaeiaeaiii ii?iiiiaieo e?enoaeia;

aecia/aii ca`ycie icioiiiiai aoaeoo o?ainoi?iaoei? ?aaeeeaeia ia aoiiao
75As c ?aaeiaoeieii-iioe/iith noieeinoth e?enoaeia: icioiiiee aoaeo
iiynith? aieueo aenieo ?aaeiaoeieio noieeinoue e?enoaeia DKDP:As
ii?iaiyiii c KDP:As a oeueo?aoiieaoiaie (>300 ii) oa a ei?ioeioaeeueiaie
/anoeii aeaeeii? iaeanoi niaeo?a;

anoaiiaeaii, ui aeiiioeiai aoiie ieo`yeo ciaioothoue ?aaeiaoeieio
noieeinoue KDP i DKDP, ui ca`ycaia c iaciiiiinoth iioe/iiai iiaeeiaiiy
e?enoaeia i?e ?o ii?iiiithaaiii.

Ia iniiai iaea?aeaieo caeiiiii?iinoae o?ainoi?iaoei? oeaio?ia aecia/aii
iiaeeeainoi aeei?enoaiiy oeueiai yaeua aeey iiaeaeuaiiy yeinoi
i?iieneiaeo e?enoaeia KDP c aeiiioeith ieo`yeo:

cai?iiiiiaaii cania ?aaeiaoeieii? ia?iaee e?enoaeia KDP, yeee aea? ciiao
ciaioeoe iioe/ia iiaeeiaiiy e?enoaeia c aeaoaeoaie oa iiaeaeueoe ?o
?aaeiaoeieio noieeinoue;

aecia/aii oiiae oa?iiia?iaee, ui iaiaoiaeii aeey cieeiaiiy a e?enoaeao
KDP:As ?aaeeeaeia ia aoiiao ieo`yeo.

A aeaiie aeaai oaeiae iaaiai?th?oueny ieoaiiy i?i iiaeeeao o/anoue
ia?aiaaiioieo oeaio?ia ia aoiiao 75As a i?ioeanao eaca?iiai
c?oeiiaoaaiiy oa eaca?iiai ciioeiaiiy e?enoaeia, yei niinoa?iaaeenue a
KDP ?icieie aaoi?aie. ?icaeyiooi caniae uiaei iie?auaiiy iioe/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee e?enoaeia c aeaoaeoaie. Ciaeaeaii oeyoe iiaeaeuaiiy
?aaeiaoeieii? noieeinoi e?enoaeia.

O aeniiaeao i?eaiaeyoueny iniiaii ?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiiy, yei
iaea?aeaii a aeaiie ?iaioi.

AENIIAEE

Ooai?aiiy ?aaeiaoeieieo aeaoaeoia a e?enoaeao oeio KDP oa ca`ycaii c
iei ciiie iioe/ieo aeanoeainoae oeeo e?enoaeia i?e iiiicoth/iio
ii?iiiithaaiii iiyniththoueny ?icieie aaoi?aie ca aeiiiiiaith iiaeaei
?aaeiaoeieiiai aeaoaeoiooai?aiiy, yea a?oioo?oueny ia i?ioeanao
ia?iiaee/iiai ooai?thaaiiy oa ?iciaaeo anioeiaoia aai aa?aaaoia ic
aeaoaeoia aeiiioeiai-aaeainieii? i?e?iaee. No?oeoo?o oeeo aeaoaeoia ia
aoei aecia/aii. Oiio iaeii e oi ae naii ?aaeiaoeieii aoaeoe aoei
iaiaeiicia/ii iioa?i?aoiaaii a ?iaioao ?icieo aaoi?ia.

A aeaiie ?iaioi ia i?eeeaaei na?aaeiaeua KDP:As iieacaii, ui
o?ainoi?iaoeiy oeaio?ia aea? aaeaeaaoio iioa?i?aoaoeith ia
iie?ineiii/iiio ?iaii oeiei? niaieoiiinoi ?icieo aoaeoia, yei
niinoa?iaathoueny ye a iioe/iiio aeiaiaciii, oae i a iie?ioaeeueiaie
iaeanoi niaeo?a. Iaea?aeaii ciaiiy i?i iie?ineiii/ii i?ioeane
o?ainoi?iaoei? oeaio?ia aeacothoue ia iiaeeeainoue inaiaeiieaiiiai
aeei?enoaiiy oeeo i?ioeania aeey iiaeaeuaiiy iioe/ii? yeinoi oa
?aaeiaoeieii? noieeinoi e?enoaeia.

Iniiaii ?acoeueoaoe aeaii? ?iaioe:

A e?enoaeao KDP i DKDP, ui iinoyoue aeiiioeiai aoiie ieo`yeo, ca
aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeo AI? iaeaioeoieiaaii oinoue oeiia ?aaeiaoeieieo
ia?aiaaiioieo oeaio?ia: AsO44-, AsO32-, AsO22—1, AsO22—2, PO22—1,
PO22—2. Na?aae ieo ?aaeeeaee AsO22- a e?enoaeao oeio KDP aeyaeaii
aia?oa. Anoaiiaeaii eooiai caeaaeiinoi niaeo?ia AI? oa aecia/aii
eiinoaioe niiiiaiai aaiieueoiiiaio ia?aiaaiioieo oeaio?ia.

Anoaiiaeaii aeiciai caeaaeiinoi ?icieo oeiia ?aaeiaoeieieo oeaio?ia i?e
aeaeo?iiaaiioiiio (OO, (-eaaioe: aeice 101-107 A?) oa i?e
ei?ioneoey?iiio (aeaeo?iie, iaeo?iie, i?ioiie) aeaeao ii?iiiithaaiiy.

Ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeo AI? a e?enoaeao KDP:As i DKDP:As i?e iiiicoth/iio
ii?iiiithaaiii oa oa?ii/iiio aiaeiaeaiii aeyaeaii i?ioeane
o?ainoi?iaoei? ?aaeiaoeieieo ia?aiaaiioieo oeaio?ia ia aoiiao ieo`yeo i
aecia/aii ?o iniiaii caeiiiii?iinoi:

aia?oa aeyaeaii i aeineiaeaeaii ?yae iineiaeiaieo ia?aoai?thaaiue
?aaeiaoeieieo ia?aiaaiioieo oeaio?ia iiae aei?th iiiicoth/eo
aei?iiiithaaiue aiae ?o ca?iaeaeaiiy aei ia?aoai?aiiy a aeiaiaaiioii
oeaio?e (AeOe):

AsO43- (AeOe) ( AsO44- ( AsO32- ( AsO22- ( [AeOe]

aia?oa aeyaeaii i aeineiaeaeaii oa?ii/ii iacai?ioiie i?ioean
o?ainoi?iaoei? ?aaeeeaeia ia aoiiao ieo`yeo, yeee aiaeaoaa?oueny i?e
oa?ii/iiio aiaeiaeaiii ii?iiiiaieo e?enoaeia:

AsO44- ( AsO32- ( [AeOe]

Aecia/aii aieea ?aaeiaoeieieo ia?aiaaiioieo oeaio?ia oa i?ioeania ?o
o?ainoi?iaoei? ia iioe/ia iiaeeiaiiy e?enoaeia:

iieacaii, ui aiicio?iiia eiiiy 263 ii iaeaaeeoue ia?aiaaiioiiio oeaio?o
AsO44-, a eiiiy 355 ii — ?aaeeeaeo AsO32-;

anoaiiaeaii, ui i?ioeane o?ainoi?iaoei? ia?aiaaiioieo oeaio?ia, yei
aiaeaoaathoueny i?e ii?iiiithaaiii oa i?e oa?ii/iiio aiaeiaeaiii
i?eaiaeyoue aei iaiiiioiiii? caeaaeiinoi iioe/iiai eiaoioei?ioo
iiaeeiaiiy e?enoaeia a aeaeieueeio ?icieo iaeanoyo iioe/iiai aeiaiaciio.

Aeyaeaii, aeineiaeaeaii oa c`yniaaii aoaeo i?inaioeaiiy e?enoaeia KDP c
aeiiioeith ieo`yeo. Oeae aoaeo niinoa?iaa?oueny a i?iieneiaeo e?enoaeao
KDP:As i?e cia/ieo aeicao (-ii?iiiithaaiiy, yei ia?aaeuothoue 106 A?.
Aii iia`ycaiee c i?ioeanaie o?ainoi?iaoei? ia?aiaaiioieo oeaio?ia, ui
caaa?oothoueny ?o ia?aoai?aiiyi a aeiaiaaiioii oeaio?e. O?ainoi?iaoeiy
oeaio?ia i?e oaieiaiio aeiyiii oaeiae i?eaiaeeoue aei i?inaioeaiiy
e?enoaeia a oe?ieie iaeanoi niaeo?o.

A?oiooth/enue ia iaea?aeaieo caeiiiii?iinoyo i?ioeania o?ainoi?iaoei?,
cai?iiiiiaaii cania ?aaeiaoeieii? ia?iaee iiiie?enoaeia KDP i DKDP, ui
iinoyoue aeiiioeo ieo`yeo, yeee aeicaiey? ciaioeoe iioe/ia iiaeeiaiiy oa
iiaeaeueoe ?aaeiaoeieio noieeinoue e?enoaeia.

I?iaaaeaii aeineiaeaeaiiy naiae/aoue i?i oa, ui:

e?enoaee oeio aeeaiae?ioinoaoo eaeith iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoaii ye
iiaeaeueia na?aaeiaeua aeey aea/aiiy i?ioeania o?ainoi?iaoei?
ia?aiaaiioieo oeaio?ia i?e iiiicoth/iio ii?iiiithaaiii oa ca`ycaieo c
oeeie i?ioeanaie ?aaeiaoeieieie aoaeoaie;

aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aeineiaeaeaiue o?ainoi?iaoei? oa ?? aieeao ia iioe/ia
iiaeeiaiiy a e?enoaeao oeio KDP aoaeoeaiei caniaii ? ia`?aeiaiiy
iaoiaeia AI? i iioe/ii? niaeo?ineiii?.

IOAE?EAOe?? CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

Eaa/aiei A.I., Ooeueaa A.I. I?inaaoeaiea e?enoaeeia aeeaeae?ioinoaoa
eaeey i?e aieueoeo aeicao (-iaeo/aiey // AEo?i. i?eee. niaeo?ineiiee.-
1990.- O. 52, N 5.- N. 857-859.

Eaa/aiei A.I., Ooeueaa A.I., Aei?ioaiei A.I. I?eianiay i?e?iaea niaeo?ia
iioe/aneiai iiaeiuaiey e ethieianoeaioeee iaeo/aiiuo e?enoaeeia KH2PO4
// Oeceea oaa?aeiai oaea.- 1990.- O. 32, N 8.- N. 2468-2470.

Ooeueaa A.I., Eaa/aiei I.I. O?ainoi?iaoeiy aeiiioeiaeo ?aaeiaoeieieo
aeaoaeoia o e?enoaeao aeeaiae?ioinoaoo eaeith // Oe?. oic. aeo?i.-
1992.- O. 37, N 7.- N. 1067-1070.

Ino?ianeay A.I., Eaa/aiei A.I., Ooeueaa A.I. Enneaaeiaaiea YI?
iaeo/aiiuo iiiie?enoaeeia KDP // Oeceea e oeiey oaa?aeiai oaea: Na.
iao/. o?. AIEE iiiie?enoaeeia.- Oa?ueeia, 1983.- N 10.- N. 123-125.

Eaa/aiei A.I., Ooeueaa A.I. Enneaaeiaaiea ?inoiauo ia?aiaaieoiuo
aeaoaeoia a iiiie?enoaeeao KH2PO4 // Aanoi. Xa?uee. oi-oa.- 1991.- N
355: ?aaeeioeceea e yeaeo?iieea.- N. 11-12.

Eaa/aiei A.I., Ooeueaa A.I. Aeeyiea ia?aiaaieoiuo aeaoaeoia ia
i?iaiaeeiinoue iiiie?enoaeeia aeeaeae?ioinoaoa eaeey // Aanoi. Xa?uee.
oi-oa.- 1992.- N 371: ?aaeeioeceea e yeaeo?iieea.- N. 11-14.

A. n. 1609210 A1 NNN?, IEE N 30 A 33/00, 29/14. Niinia ia?aaioee
e?enoaeeia aeeaeae?ioinoaoa eaeey / A.I. Ooeueaa; ?E IAI, A.I. Eaa/aiei;
OAO (NNN?).- N 4655900/31-26; Cayae. 27.02.89.- Iioae. 22.06.90.- 2 n.

Ooeueaa A.I., Eaa/aiei A.I., Eiauae/a O.A. Ia?aiaaieoiua ?aaeeaoeeiiiua
oeaio?u a i?iiuoeaiiuo e?enoaeeao KH2PO4 // I?eiaiaiea iaaieoiiai
?aciiaina a ia?iaeiii oicyenoaa: Oac. aeiee. Ananithc. eiio., 22-24
ethiy 1988 a.- Eacaiue, 1988.- *. 2.- N. 120.

Ia?aiaaieoiua oeaio?u e iioe/aneee eiyooeoeeaio iiaeiuaiey a iaeo/aiiuo
e?enoaeeao KH2PO4 / A.I. Ooeueaa, A.I. Eaa/aiei, A.I. Aei?ioaiei, A.A.
Ua?aeia, A.I. Ino?ianeay // I?eiaiaiea iaaieoiiai ?aciiaina a ia?iaeiii
oicyenoaa: Oac. aeiee. Ananithc. eiio., 22-24 ethiy 1988 a.- Eacaiue,
1988.- *. 2.- N. 121-122.

Shulga V.M., Levchenko A.N. EPR and optical studies of the irradiation
bleatching effect in KDP crystals // Magnetic Resonance and Related
Phenomena: Extended abstracts of the 27th Congress Ampere, Kazan, 21-28
aug. 1994.- Kazan, 1994.- Vol. 1.- P. 515-516.

A I I O A Oe I ss

Eaa/aiei I.I. O?ainoi?iaoeiy ?aaeiaoeieieo ia?aiaaiioieo oeaio?ia oa
iioe/ii aoaeoe o e?enoaeao KDP i DKDP.- ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoeiy ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
oiceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe ca niaoeiaeueiinoth 01.04.03 — ?aaeiioiceea.-
Oa?eianueeee aea?aeaaiee oiiaa?neoao, Oa?eia, 1998.

Aeena?oaoeith i?enay/aii aeineiaeaeaiith iaoiaeaie AI? oa iioe/ii?
niaeo?ineiii? i?ioeania aaaaoinooiaiaai? o?ainoi?iaoei? ?aaeiaoeieieo
ia?aiaaiioieo oeaio?ia a e?enoaeao KDP e DKDP, ui iinoyoue aeiiioeo
ieo`yeo, a oe?ieiio iioa?aaei aeic ?icieo aeaeia iiiicoth/iai
ii?iiiithaaiiy i i?e oa?ii/iiio aiaeiaeaiii. Aecia/aii aieea oeeo
i?ioeania ia iioe/ia iiaeeiaiiy e?enoaeia. Anoaiiaeaii aca?iica`ycie
iiae o?ainoi?iaoei?th aeiiioeiaeo oeaio?ia i ?icieie ?aaeiaoeieieie oa
iioe/ieie aoaeoaie. Ae?ioothoueny caaea/i iiaeaeuaiiy ?aaeiaoeieii?
noieeinoi oa iioe/ii? yeinoi e?enoaeia.

Eeth/iai neiaa: KDP, DKDP, iiiicoth/a ii?iiiithaaiiy, ?aaeiaoeieii
oeaio?e, iioe/ia iiaeeiaiiy, AI?, o?ainoi?iaoeiy.

A I I I O A Oe E ss

Eaa/aiei A.I. O?ainoi?iaoeey ?aaeeaoeeiiiuo ia?aiaaieoiuo oeaio?ia e
iioe/aneea yooaeou a e?enoaeeao KDP e DKDP.- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
oeceei-iaoaiaoe/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 01.04.03 — ?aaeeioeceea.-
Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao, Oa?ueeia, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth iaoiaeaie YI? e iioe/aneie
niaeo?ineiiee i?ioeannia iiiainooiai/aoie o?ainoi?iaoeee ?aaeeaoeeiiiuo
ia?aiaaieoiuo oeaio?ia a e?enoaeeao KDP e DKDP, niaea?aeaueo i?eianue
iuoueyea, a oe?ieii eioa?aaea aeic ?acee/iuo aeaeia eiiece?othueo
iaeo/aiee e i?e oa?ie/aneii ioaeeaa. Ii?aaeaeaii aeeyiea yoeo i?ioeannia
ia iioe/aneia iiaeiuaiea e?enoaeeia. Onoaiiaeaia acaeiinaycue iaaeaeo
o?ainoi?iaoeeae i?eianiuo oeaio?ia e ?acee/iuie ?aaeeaoeeiiiuie e
iioe/aneeie yooaeoaie. ?aoathony caaea/e iiauoaiey ?aaeeaoeeiiiie
noieeinoe e iioe/aneiai ea/anoaa e?enoaeeia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: KDP, DKDP, eiiece?othuaa iaeo/aiea, ?aaeeaoeeiiiua
oeaio?u, iioe/aneia iiaeiuaiea, YI?, o?ainoi?iaoeey.

S U M M A R Y

Levchenko A.N. The transformation of the radiation paramagnetic centers
and optical effects in the KDP and DKDP crystals.- Manuscript.

Thesis for a Candidate of Science Degree in Physics and Mathematics by
Speciality 01.04.03 — Radiophysics.- Kharkiv State University, Kharkiv,
1998.

The dissertation deals with the joint ESR and optical investigation of
the multy-stage radiation centers transformation processes under
different kinds of ionizing irradiation in wide dose ranges as well as
at thermal annealing in the KDP and DKDP crystals containing arsenic
impurity. The influence of these processes on the optical absorption of
crystals have been determined. The interconnection of the impurity
centers transformations and different radiation and optical effects have
been discovered. The problems of radiation resistence rise and optical
quality improvement of crystals are solved.

Key words: KDP, DKDP, ionizing irradiation, radiation centers, optical
absorption, ESR, transformation.

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