?INOEOOO INEOIEIA?? ?i.A.N.EINOTHEA AII OE?A?IE

IETHU Ieaenaiae? Ieeieaeiae/

OAeE 796.015.1:372.8(04)

O?AINOI?IAOe?ss IIOEAAOe?EII? NOA?E

EAAE?O?EIAAIEO NII?ONIAI?A

A IA??IAe I?IOAN?EIIAI NOAIIAEAIIss

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 19.00.01 —

caaaeueia ineoieia?y, ?noi??y ineoieia??

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa ineoieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio oi?aa?neoao? o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ?
nii?oo Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? ineoieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
EIAEE?I Aai?a?e

Aieiaeeie?iae/, Iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo
Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a ineoieia?? ? iaaeaaia?ee, caa?aeoaa/.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: ae?eniee /eai AII Oe?a?ie, aeieoi? ineoieia?/ieo
iaoe, i?ioani? IIEssEI Aaeaioei Ieaen?eiae/, ?inoeooo ineoieia??
?i.A.N.Einothea AII Oe?a?ie, eaai?aoi??y ineoieia?? oai?/ino?,
caa?aeoaa/.

eaiaeeaeao ineoieia?/ieo iaoe A?AANUeEA ??eia Aaeai?aia,
Iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao ?i. Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, eaoaae?a
ineoiae?aaiinoeee ? iaaee/ii? ineoieia??, aeioeaio.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo iaaeaaia?ee ? ineoieia?? i?ioan?eii? ina?oe
AII Oe?a?ie, eaai?aoi??y ineoieia?? i?ioi???ioaoe??, Ee?a.

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny ’’ 23 ’’ ___ethoiai__ 1999
?ieo ia ___11__ aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae
26.453.11 a ?inoeooo? ineoieia?? ?i. A.N.Einothea AII Oe?a?ie ca
aae?anith: 252033, i. Ee?a-33, aoe. Iaiuee?anueea, 2.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
ineoieia?? ?i. A.N.Einothea AII Oe?a?ie

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee ’’ 20 ’’ ___n?/iy____ 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao ineoieia?/ieo iaoe
Aeaen??aa I.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aiae?c no/anieo oaiaeaioe?e ?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa
aeicaiey? c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i c?inoaiiy ?ie? ethaenueeiai /eiieea a
iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiio i?ia?an?, o nioe?aeueieo i?ioeanao. Iniaeeaiai
cia/aiiy iaaoaathoue iniaeno?ni? oa nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/i?
aeaoa?i?iaioe ?aaoeyoe?? ae?yeueiino? oa iiaaae?iee ?aaeueieo ethaeae ye
noa’?eo?a aeeoo?ae?yeueiinoe. Ia?aaeienaeueiei /eiii e?eca noni?euenoaa
oa eiai aoii?caoe?y iia?e?cothoue nenoaii?noue, oe?e?ni?noue ?iaeea?ae?a
a ieai? ?o ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? na?aeiiino? oa aeoeaiino?. Aea/aiiy
oiiieia?? iioeaaoe?eii? nenoaie noa’?eo?a o ?? ci?iao aeicaiey?
aeae?eeoe iiiaioe, iia’ycai? ?c ca?iaeaeaiiyi oa iinooiiaei ?icaeoeii
?aeaaeueieo, ?iaiaoieo niinia?a ?aaoeyoe?? oa oi?aae?iiy aca?iiae??th
ooai?aiue, ui neeaaeathoue ?? no?oeoo?o.

O?oaeiaa ae?yeuei?noue nueiaiaei? ia iiaea ?icaeyaeaoeny iica
iniaeno?noth i?aoe?aieea, aac aecia/aiiy ?? i?noey a ???a?o?? eiai
aeeoo?aeo oe?iiinoae, oa i?noey iiceoe?? noa’?eoa oe??? ae?yeueiino? o
?aia?ooa?? nioe?aeueieo oa i?ioan?eieo ?ieae. Iniaeeai? aeooaeueiino?
iaaoaathoue oae? ieoaiiy, ye noaaeaiiy aei i?aoe?, i?noea i?ioan?eii?
ae?yeueiino? a no?oeoo?? aeeoo?aeo oe?iiinoae iniaenoino?, no?aoaa?y
iiaaae?iee ethaeeie, iniiae aeai?o aeeoo?aiai oeyoo iieiaeaeth, oiui.
Oni?oi?noue i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino? caeaaeeoue a?ae yeino? i?ioan?eii?
i?aeaioiaee, yea, ia?o ca ana, iia’ycaia c iniaeno?nieie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie in?a, ye? iaa/athoueny aeai?e niaoe?aeueiino?. Iniiaiei
i?eioeeiii iie?oeee a aaeoc? aeui? ina?oe a aeaiee /an noa? ia?aaeyae
e?eoa???a i?eeiio ia no?eueee ia iniia? ?nieo?a, ne?eueee ia iniia?
aiae?co niiioeaeueieo iioea?a oa i?ioan?eieo ?ioa?an?a anooiiee?a, eiee
ioe?iea aeinyaiaiue aaco?oueny ia ia ?acoeueoaoao ?nieo?a, a ia
aea/aii? ?o ae?yeueiino? ia i?ioyc? iaaiiai ia??iaeo.

I?ioan?eia noaiiaeaiiy iia’ycaia c oa?aeoa?ii no?eaeiaaeo aeanoeainoae
iniaenoino?, ui aeeth/athoue e iniaeeaino? i?ioan?eiiai naiiaecia/aiiy.
Ia?aoiai?aiiy aeeooy ?iaeea?aea ia i?aaeiao eiai na?aeiii? oai?/i?
ae?yeueiino? i?aee?aneth? iniaeeaa cia/aiiy noa’?eoeaieo ia?aaeoiia eiai
aeeoo?oai?/ino?. A ?aaeuei?e i?aeoeoe? i?aeaioiaee oao?aoe?a a aaeoc?
o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy oa nii?oo ??aaiue noa’?eoeaieo ia?aaeoiia
iaieiae?iiy i?ioan?eiith ae?yeuei?noth caiaeeoueny aei ?icaeoeo oa
oi?ioaaiiy iaae/ie ? ai?iue, iio??aieo aeey ??cieo aeae?a ae?yeueiino?.
A i?ioean? ?o ina?oe iaiao?aeiith ? ia?ai???ioaoe?y c ae??oaiiy
caaaeaiue iaa/aiiy, a oi/i?oa o?aioaaeueii? ni?yiiaaiino? caiyoue, ia
caaaeaiiy oi?ioaaiiy eoeueoo?e iniaenoino? iaeaooiueiai nii?oeaiiai
iaaeaaiaa. Ia eeoa iayai?noue oa ??aaiue ciaiue, oi?iue, iaae/ie o
aeeeaaeaii? nai?? aeenoeeie?ie ? aecia/aeueieie iieacieeaie
i?ioan?iiae?cio a/eoaey o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e, a e iniaeno?noue naiiai
iaaeaaiaa, eiai oe?ii?ni? aoe/i? i???ioaoe?? oa nieneia? onoaiiaee
noiniaii o/iy. sse a?aecia/a? TH.Ae.AEaeaciye (1994), i?e iiooeo iiaeo
i?aeoiae?a aei noaiiaeaiiy oao?aoe?a a aaeoc? o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ia
ne?ae aeioneaoe c iiey ci?o aeaye? no?eioth/? /eiieee:

“Nii?oeaiee” aniaeo iioeaaoe?? anooiiee?a aei AOCo, ye? ?icaeyaeathoue
iaa/aiiy ye iiaeeea?noue i?iaeiaaeeoe nii?oeai? caiyooy ? aeinyaoe iiaeo
oni?o?a a nii?oeai?e ea?’???.

I??i?eoaoia cia/aiiy ?ooiai? (nii?oeaii?) i?aeaioiaee ca aeiiiiiaith
niaoe?aeueieo aeenoeeie?i.

Aeii?ioaaiiy a oaoiieia?? iaa/aiiy nooaeaio?a iiaoi?aiiy oeyoo o/i?a a
nenoai? o?ceoeueoo?ii-nii?oeaieo caiyoue: iiaioaaiiy ?ooiaeie ae?yie,
?icaeoie o?ce/ieo yeinoae, a?aenooi?noue ?ioaa?oth/iai /eiieea, yeee
aeaiaeeoue ia oe?e?nia oyaeaiiy i?i iaeaooi?e oao.

Iia?aoe?iiaeueia iaa/aiiy, yea ia noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny o?ainoi?iaoe??th
iioeaaoe?eii-nieneiaeo no?oeoo?, ia i?ecaiaeeoue aei ia?aaoaeiae aeaeo
oe?eaoai?aiiy, ui a?aeaoaa?oueny eeoa c? ci?iith ??aiy i?aai?caoe?? oa
nieneo ae?yeueiino?. C iaeiie/aiiyi a?naiaeo iniaenoeo i?eeii?a
ae??oaiiy o?oaeiaeo caaaeaiue, ia’?aeiaieo o oi?i? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai
noeeth ae?yeueiino?, a?aeaoaa?oueny ia?ao?ae nieneo ?c noaoono
iia?aoe?iiaeueiiai a iniaeno?niee. Aaeaeaaoii noi?iiaaia nenoaia
noa’?eoeaiiai aeina?aeo ye ???a?o?? iniaeno?nieo niene?a a?aee?eaa?
ia?aae ethaeeiith iia? ia?niaeoeai? oe?e?, iia? caaaeaiiy, ?ic’aycaiiy
yeeo noa’?eo iiaea i?iaiicoaaoe aeoiaey/e c? nai?o oyaeaiue. Iniaeno?ni?
oe?e? aenooiathoue ye oe?e? aeeooy oa iniiai? caniae ?o aeinyaiaiiy ?
oiio iaaoaathoue ooieoe?? iaeaaaeeea?oeo ?aaoeyoi??a nioe?aeueii?
iiaaae?iee. Oaeei /eiii, oi?ioth/e ?aeaaeueii cia/ou? yeino? iniaenoino?
iaeaooiueiai iaaeaaiaa o aoc?, ia iiaeia iaiaaeoaaoenue eeoa
aeeiiaanueeith noa?ith (i?ioan?ei? ciaiiy, ai?iiy oa iaae/ee), a
iiia?aaeiuei caa?oaoe oaaao ia ?icaeoie i?ioan?eii? ni?yiiaaiino?
iioeaaoe?eii-iio?aaiai? noa?e (aoe/i? i???ioaoe??, nenoaia oe?iiinoae,
cae?aiino? aei naii?icaeoeo).

Aea?? oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy iiynith?oueny oaeeie i?e/eiaie:

— aeooaeuei?noth aea/aiiy ?io?aineo?/ieo aeaoa?i?iaio aeai?o i?ioan?? a
aaeoc? o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy oa nii?oo;

— iaei/enaeuei?noth aeine?aeaeaiue, i?enay/aieo i?ioan?eiiio
noaiiaeaiith i?aoe?aiee?a oe??? aaeoc?;

— noia?a/eea?noth aeaieo i?i iniaeeaino? i?io?eaiiy oeueiai i?ioeano.

Iniiaio oaaao a ?iaio? i?eae?eaii aioo??oiueiiniaeno?niei iioeaaoe?eiei
iaoai?ciai noa’?eoa i?ioan?eiiai noaiiaeaiiy, a an? ?io? aniaeoe aieeao
?icaeyaeathoueny e??cue i?ecio ?o a?aeia?aaeaiiy a ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?e
na?aeiiino? a iiina?aaeeiaaiiio aeaeyae?: o aeaeyae? oe?iiinoae,
noni?eueii? cia/ouino? ioe?iie nioe?aeueiiai i?anoeaeo oa ?i.

Aeena?oaoe?ei? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeth/ai? aei oaiaoeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo
?ia?o Oe?a?inueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy oa
nii?oo ? aeeiiaia a ?aieao oaie 4.1.2. “Ineoieia?y i?ioan?eiiai
oi?ioaaiiy iniaenoino? a oiiaao o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy oa nii?oo”. Iiia?
aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0196401054.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?ioan?eia naiiaecia/aiiy iniaenoino? oao?aoey
o aaeoc? o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy oa nii?oo o ia??iae i?ioan?eiiai
noaiiaeaiiy a?ae iioaioa aei aeeieiiiaaiiai niaoe?ae?noa c aeina?aeii
?iaioe.

I?aaeiaoii — i?ioean ia?aoai?aiiy aeii?iaioieo ??ai?a iioeaaoe?eii?
noa?e nooaeaio?a-nii?oniai?a, aeaiaio?a ?o no?oeoo? o oiae? i?ioan?eii?
i?aeaioiaee.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy: aeyaeaiiy ineoieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae ?icaeoeo
iioeaaoe?eii? noa?e nooaeaio?a-nii?oniai?a o ia??iae i?ioan?eiiai
noaiiaeaiiy, ?ice?eooy aeeiai?ee ia?aoai?aiue eiiiiiaio?a iioeaaoe?eii?
no?oeoo?e caeaaeii a?ae iniaeno?noieo iaoai?ci?a ?aaoeyoe?? c aieo
noa’?eoa oe??? ae?yeueiino?.

A?iioaca aeine?aeaeaiiy: ?niothoue a?aei?iiino? o oa?aeoa?? ia?aa?ao
i?ioan?eiiai naiiaecia/aiiy nooaeaio?a-nii?oniai?a oa nii?oniai?a
ianiaeo ?ic?yae?a o i?ioean? i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee o aeuiio o/aiaiio
caeeaae?, ui caeaaeaoue a?ae ?aeiino? oa aca?iica’yceo aeanoeainoae
ethaeeie ye iniaenoino? ? ye noa’?eoa aeanii? ae?yeueiino?.

O a?aeiia?aeiino? c a?iioacith ? iaoith ae??ooaaeenue oae? caaaeaiiy:

?ice?eoe iniiai? /eiieee, ui iaoiiaeththoue i?ioean i?ioan?eiiai
noaiiaeaiiy iaeaooi?o oao?aoe?a.

Aecia/eoe iniaeno?ni? aeaoa?i?iaioe, ye? aieeaathoue ia noi?iiaai?noue
i?ioan?eiiai naiiaecia/aiiy.

Aeyaeoe iniaeeaino? ci?i ie?aieo aeaiaio?a iioeaaoe?eii? no?oeoo?e
iaeaooi?o oao?aoe?a a aaeoc? o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy oa nii?oo, coiiaeai?
iniaeno?nieie aeanoeainoyie ethaeeie ye noa’?eoa aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? oa
??aiai eaae?o?eaoe?? nii?oniai?a.

C’ynoaaoe iniaeeaino? ia?aoai?aiiy iioeaaoe?eii? noa?e
nooaeaio?a-nii?oniai?a a i?ioean? i?ioan?eiiai noaiiaeaiiy a caeaaeiino?
a?ae ??aiy ?o nii?oeaii? iaenoa?iino?.

?ic?iaeoe iai?yiee i?eeeaaeiiai aeei?enoaiiy ciaiue i?i iniaeeaino?
i?ioan?eiiai noaiiaeaiiy aeey oe?eueiaiai oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanaie
iniaeno?niiai naiiaecia/aiiy.

Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ia aaca aeine?aeaeaiiy: caaaeueiioai?aoe/i?
iieiaeaiiy iaoeiai? ineoieia?? i?i nooi?noue iniaenoino?, caeiiii??iino?
?? noaiiaeaiiy ? ?icaeoeo (A.A.Aiaiue?a, E.?.Aiaeiae/, E.N.Aeaionueeee,
A.N.Einothe, I.I.Eaiioue?a, A.N.Ia?e?i, A.I.Iyneuaa, E.E.Ieaoiiia,
N.E.?oa?iooaei, I.?.*aiaoa), aeoiee i?i i?ioan?eia noaiiaeaiiy
iniaenoino?, noi?ioeueiaai? a ?aieao ae?yeuei?niiai i?aeoiaeo
(E.I.Aaoeueoaiiaa-Neaanueea, A.A.A?ooeeinueeee, I.I.Eaiioue?a,
N.Ae.Iaeneiaiei), i?i aca?iica’ycie nieneiai? noa?e iniaenoino? oa
?aaoeyoeaieo i?ioean?a (A.A.?aaiieeia, Ae.I.Eaiiue?a),
caaaeueiioai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo (A.O.Eiiia,
I.I.Aieeia, A.Ae.Oaae?eeia), ineoinioe?aeueia oai??y A.A??eniia, eiai
ai?aaiaoe/ia eiioeaioe?y ?icaeoeo iniaenoino?, iniiai? iieiaeaiiy
neia?aaoeee (?.N.Aeia?ii?aaiaa, ?.I?eaiaeei, ?.Noaiaa?n).

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy: oai?aoe/iee aiae?c e?oa?aoo?e ca oaiith
aeine?aeaeaiiy, aiae?c eiioeaiooaeueiiai aia?aoo aeine?aeaeaiiy. A
aii??e/iiio aeine?aeaeaii? aeei?enoiaoaaeenue aan?aea, noaiaea?oeciaaia
?ioa?a’th, oanooaaiiy, i?iaeoeai? iaoiaee. Aeey ia?iaee io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a aeei?enoiaoaaeenue iaoiaee iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee,
ineoinaiaioe/iee aiae?c, ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a ?ice?eoo? ineoieia?/ii?
i?e?iaee ia?aoai?aiiy iioeaaoe?eii? noa?e nooaeaio?a-nii?oniai?a a
i?ioean? i?ioan?eiiai noaiiaeaiiy niaoe?ae?no?a a aaeoc? o?ce/iiai
aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo. I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeei ii?yae c
o?aaeeoe?eieie ineoieia?/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie iniaenoino? ye noa’?eoa
ae?yeueiino? (niaoeeo?eith oe?eaoai?aiiy, i?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/iith
ni?yiiaai?noth, iniaeeainoyie naiina?aeiiino? ? o.?i.) ?ice?eoe
iaoai?cie oa yaeua iniaeno?nii? aeaoa?i?iaoe??, coiiaeaii?
?iaeea?aeoaeueieie iniaeeainoyie ethaeeie, cie?aia ??aiai
ooieoe?iioaaiiy iioeaaoe?eieo no?oeoo? oa noi?iiaai?noth noa’?eoiino?.
Iieacaii, ye ci?ia naiaioe/ieo iioeaaoe?eii-oe?ii?nieo ooai?aiue aieeaa?
ia aeeiai?eo eiiiiiaio?a no?oeoo?e ?aeaioe/iino? iniaenoino?.
Anoaiiaeaia caeaaei?noue i?ae ??aiai ?icaeoeo iioeaaoe?eieo no?oeoo?,
eaae?o?eaoe??th nii?oniai?a oa oa?aeoa?ii ci?ie oyaeaiue i?i naaa ye i?i
noa’?eoa aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/ou?noue ?iaioe iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? iiaeae? iioeaaoe?eii?
noa?e iniaenoino?, c aeei?enoaiiyi iniiaieo iieiaeaiue ? iiiyoue
neia?aaoeee. ?icoe?aia ? iiaeeaeaia ?icoi?iiy caaaeueieo caeiiii??iinoae
oi?ioaaiiy no?oeoo?e ?aeaioe/iino? iniaenoino?. Caaaa/ai? oyaeaiiy i?i
ineoieia?/io aoaeiao, ci?no oa ??ai? aeyaeaiiy oe??? no?oeoo?e. Aeyaeaii
iiaeeeaino? ?icaeoeo naii?aaoeyoe?? i?ioan?eii? ?aeaioe/iino? ye
ooieoe?? i?ioean?a nieneiooai?aiiy oa nieneiiiaoaeiae.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe aecia/a?oueny aeyaeaiiyi aeaoa?i?iaio, ui
ooieoe?iiothoue o no?oeoo?? iniaenoino? ye noa’?eoa aeanii? aeoeaiino?
? iiaeooue aooe ia’?eoii ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/iiai aieeao, a oaeiae
ia’?eoii naiiaieeao, aaeineiiaeaiiy e ?icaeoeo caeaoiino? aei
naii?aaoeyoe?? c o?aooaaiiyi i?ioan?eieo ia?niaeoea, aeeoo?aeo ieai?a.
Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a iaaeaaia?/i?e oa
ineoieia?/i?e i?aeoeoe? ye can?a, a?eueo aaeaeaaoiiai
aeeoa?aioe?thaaiiy /eiiee?a, ui coiiaeththoue oni?oi?noue i?ioeano
i?ioan?eiiai noaiiaeaiiy. Cai?iiiiiaai? oanoia? iieacieee iiaeooue aooe
aeei?enoai? a ineoiae?aaiinoeoe? iniaenoino? aeey i?iaiicoaaiiy oa
ei?aeoe?? oiaeo ?? i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee.

Iaae?ei?noue oa a??ia?aei?noue ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy
caaacia/oaaeenue oai?aoe/iei aiae?cii i?iaeaie, a?aeiia?aei?noth
iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy iao? oa caaaeaiiyi, ?ai?acaioaoeai?noth aea??ie,
aeei?enoaiiyi ai?iaiaaiiai ?ino?oiaioa??th, canoinoaaiiyi iaoiae?a
ei?aeyoe?eiiai aiae?co oa ?ioeo noaoenoe/ieo iaoiae?a.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno:

Ca noa’?eoiiai i?aeoiaeo, ui i?aee?aneth? aeoeai?noue naii? ethaeeie o
aecia/aii? aeeoo?aiai oeyoo, i?ioean i?ioan?eiiai noaiiaeaiiy
aeioe?eueii ?icaeyaeaoe ye oi?ioaaiiy i?ioan?eiiai naiiaecia/aiiy, a
yeiio a?aeia?aaea?oueny nooi?iue c??eino? iniaenoino?. Iioeaaoe?eia
no?oeoo?a iaaoaa? i?e oeueiio a?aeiia?aeiino? ?c no?oeoo?ith
iioeaaoe?eii? noa?e oao?aoe?a iaaii? aaeoc?.

Aecia/aeueiee aieea ia ia?aoai?aiiy iioeaaoe?eii? noa?e iniaenoino? a
i?ioean? i?ioan?eiiai noaiiaeaiiy /eiyoue aeii?iaioi? ??ai?
noi?iiaaii? nenoaie: oe?ii?ni? i???ioaoe??, ui a?aeia?aaeai? a
aeeoo?aeo ieaiao, oa iniaeeaino? naiina?aeiiino?, ui aeyaeythoueny o
noaiiaeaii? iniaeno?nii? ?aeaioe/iino? oa ?? no?oeoo?.

O nooaeaio?a ianiaeo nii?oeaieo ?ic?yae?a i?ae /an iaa/aiiy o aoc?
c?inoa? caaeiaieai?noue naii?aae?caoe??th, aiaaiai?noue o iiaeeeaino? ?
caeaoiino? naiino?eiiai cae?eniaiiy aeeoo?aiai aeai?o. O eaae?o?eiaaieo
nii?oniai?a i?ae /an i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee aeieea? ineoieia?/ia e?eca,
ui aeyaey?oueny a ??cieo oi?iao ia?aaeeaaiiy iai?iaeoeoeaiino? aeaniiai
aeeooy, iaaecia/aiino? aeeoo?aiai oeyoo.

Oneeaaeiaiiy iioeaaoe?eii? no?oeoo?e a i?ioean? i?ioan?eiiai
noaiiaeaiiy, a caeaaeiino? a?ae eaae?o?eaoe?? nii?oniai?a, iiaea
cae?enithaaoenue aeaiia niiniaaie, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue neioaaiaoe/i?e oa
ia?aaeeaiaoe/i?e ?ici??iino? aeii?ioth/iai ??aiy no?oeoo?e: ci?iith
naiaioe/ieo i?aenoaa aeeoo?aiai naiiaecia/aiiy oa ?icaeoeii
noa’?eoiino?.

Iniaenoee aianie. A iioae?eiaaieo o ni?aaaoi?noa? ?iaioao eiie?aoiee
aianie aaoi?a aeena?oaoe?? neeaaea? iaoiaeieia?/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy,
i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueii? /anoeie oa ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?ic?iaee oa ?aea? ni?aaaoi??a a aeena?oaoe?? ia
aeei?enoiaoaaeenue.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe: iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
iaaiai?thaaeenue ia Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“Nioe?ae?caoe?y iniaenoino? ye i?iaeaia iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeoiaaiiy”
(I?aeei, 1993), ia II c’?cae? Oiaa?enoaa ineoieia?a Oe?a?ie “I?iaeaie ?
ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo ineoieia?? a Oe?a?i?” (Ee?a, 1996), ia ia?o?e
Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? ani??aio?a a aaeoc? o?ce/ii?
eoeueoo?e oa nii?oo (Euea?a, 1997), ia II I?aeia?iaeiiio iaoeiaiio
eiia?an? “No/aniee ie?ii?enueeee nii?o” (Ee?a, 1997), ia
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Eiioe?eoe a iaaeaaia?/ieo nenoaiao”
(A?iieoey, 1997), ia i?aeeaoaae?aeueieo eiioa?aioe?yo OAeOOAN, ia
can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e ineoieia?? oa iaaeaaia?ee Oe?a?inueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy oa nii?oo (1998).

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a a i?aeoeeo. Iaoa??aee
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaoaaeenue i?e i?iaaaeai?
iaa/aeueii-o?aioaaeueiiai i?ioeano nooaeaio?a-nii?oniai?a I?aeeinueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo, a i?aeoeoe? ?iaioe c?
neooa/aie Aeui? oeiee o?aia??a Oe?a?ie i?e Oe?a?inueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
oi?aa?neoao? o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy oa nii?oo.

Ci?no oa ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe a?aeia?aaeai? a 9 ioae?eaoe?yo.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio,
/ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e,
/ioe?ueio aeiaeaoe?a (noi?. 6). Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue 7 ?enoie?a, 8
oaaeeoeue (noi?. 6). Nienie e?oa?aoo?e iae?/o? 291 iacaa. Ianya
aeena?oaoe?? — 165 noi??iie iaoeiiieno.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie, aeae?eai? ia’?eo,
i?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/aia eiai iaoa, a?iioaca, ?ice?eo?
caaaeaiiy, iaoiaeieia?/ia iniiaa ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, aena?oeai?
iaoeiaa iiaecia, oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/ou?noue, iiaeai?
iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno, iaaaaeai? aeai? i?i ai?iaaoe?th
?iaioe, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?? ?acoeueoao?a a i?aeoeeo, ioae?eaoe??.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Iniiai? iai?yiee aeine?aeaeaiue oai??? i?ioan?eiiai
noaiiaeaiiy” ?ice?eaa?oueny nooi?noue i?ioan?iiae?caoe?? ye
niaoeeo?/ii? oi?ie aeoeaiino? iniaenoino?, ye iaei??? c oi?i ?icaeoeo
iniaenoino? a iioiaaiac?, ye iaeei c iai?yie?a nioe?ae?caoe??
iniaenoino?, ye /anoeia aeeoo?aiai oeyoo ethaeeie. A iaaeao
nioe?ae?caoe?? oi?iothoueny nioe?aeuei? aeiiae aei ethaeeie ye aei
iaeaooiueiai oao?aoey. Oe? aeiiae c /anii ci?iythoueny, aiaeii/an
ci?ith?oueny ?o ona?aeiieaiiy ethaeeiith a?aeiia?aeii aei inai?iiy
iath i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino?.

I?ioan?eia noaiiaeaiiy iaoiiaeaia aeeiai?eith aeeoo?aeo oeeee?a
ethaeeie. Ci?ie, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny c iniaeno?noth a i?ioean?
i?ioan?iiae?caoe??, iiaeooue neoaoaaoe i?e/eiith ? niiniaii ia?aaoaeiae
?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ethaeeie. I?ae i?ioan?iiae?caoe??th
? aeeoo?ae?yeuei?noth anoaiiaeththoueny a?aeiineie eiiiainaoe??: ca
oiiae iaiiaeeeaino? aeinyaoe naii?aae?caoe?? a iaei?e aaeoc?, ethaeeia
i?aaia eiiiainoaaoe oea a ?io?e. Oaeei /eiii, i?ioan?eia noaiiaeaiiy
iaiiaeeeai iiai?noth c?icoi?oe iica ca’yceii c aeeoo?ae?yeuei?noth.
Aeaiee ??aaiue aiae?co aeicaiey? ?ice?eoe iniaeno?ni? iaoai?cie
?aaoeyoe?? i?ioeano noaiiaeaiiy oao?aoey.

A?aoiaoth/e anth ??ciiiai?oi?noue /eiiee?a i?ioan?eiiai naiiaecia/aiiy
aeioiaeeii aeniiaeo i?i ?iaeea?aeoaeueio ???a?o?th oaeoi??a aeai?o
i?ioan??, i?eoaiaiio eiaeiiio noa’?eoia? aeai?o. Oiiaii iiaeia neacaoe,
ui ?iaeea?aei? iniaeeaino? aecia/athoue aea?? aeaeo ae?yeueiino?,
aeanoeaino? iniaenoino? — aea?? i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino?, a oe?ii?ni?
i???ioaoe?? aieeaathoue ia aeeoo?aa naiiaecia/aiiy, cia/aiiy i?ioan?? oa
i?ioan?eiiai naiiaecia/aiiy a iueiio, ia?niaeoeae aeeoo?aiai oeyoo.
Aieea ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo iniaeeainoae iiina?aaeeiaaiee ??aiai
naii?aaoeyoe??, ?icaeiai?noth ?? /aniaeo ia?aiao??a. An? ia’?eoeaii
?nioth/? /eiieee ? eeoa iiaeeea?noth, a oa ye? c ieo ? a ye?e
eiia?iaoe?? aieeiooue ia ?aaeueiee i?ioean ae??oo? eiie?aoia
iniaeno?noue. Aecia/aeueiei i?e oeueiio ? noa’?eoeaiee ia?ac neooaoe??
i?ioan?eiiai noaiiaeaiiy.

Ia ii/aoeiaeo noaae?yo i?ioan?eia noaiiaeaiiy iniaenoino? aeaoa?i?iiaaii
ciai?oi?ie ianoaaeiaie. *eiieeaie iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo aenooiathoue ??
aioo??oi? na?aaeiaeua, aeania aeoeai?noue. Ia?aoai?aiiy aeeooy
?iaeea?aea ia i?aaeiao eiai na?aeiii? oai?/i? ae?yeueiino? i?aee?aneth?
iniaeeaa cia/aiiy noa’?eoeaieo ia?aaeoiia eiai aeeoo?oai?/ino?. Oiio
iniiaio oaaao a ?iaio? i?eae?eaii aioo??oiueiiniaeno?niei iioeaaoe?eiei
no?oeoo?ai, ?io?aineo?/iei oiiaai noa’?eoa i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino?, ui
aieeaathoue ia eiai i?ioan?eia noaiiaeaiiy.

i?ioan?eia

noaiiaeaiiy

(oaiiiaie,

Ciai?oi? oiiae

i?ioan?eii?

ae?yeueiino?:

?io?aineo?/i? oiiae

i?ioan?eii?

— eiie?aoi? oiiae

neooaoe?? i?ioan?eiiai noaiiaeaiiy

(i?aaeiaoia na?aaeiaeua);

— aeiiae i?e?inioe?oio;

— ii?iaoeai? aeiiae

noni?euenoaa

— ?iaeea?aei? yeino? (aeanoeaino? ia?aiai? nenoaie, oei AIAe,
?iaeea?aeoaeueii-

oeiieia?/i?

iniaeeaino?);

— iniaeeaino? ?aaoeyoe?? aeia?eueii? aeoeaiino?;

?ioaa?aoeai? yeino? iniaenoino?;

— nenoaia oe?iiinoae;

oe?ii?ni? i???ioaoe??

iniaeeaino? naiina?aeiiino?;

niaoeeo?ea iniaeno?nii? naii?aaoeyoe??

?en. 1. Aca?iica’ycie /eiiee?a, ui aecia/athoue i?e?iaeo i?ioan?eiiai
noaiiaeaiiy.

I?ioan?eia naiiaecia/aiiy ?icoi??oueny a ?iaio? ye noa’?eoeaiee ia?ac
naaa oa aecia/aiiy naiai i?noey a oaia??oiueiio ? a iaeaooiueiio a
neooaoe?? i?ioan?eiiai aeai?o. I?e oeueiio a?i ia ? iaeiiiiiaioiei
aeoii, a i?ioeanii, ui neeaaea?oueny c ?yaeo aoai?a, o?eaae?noue yeeo
caeaaeeoue a?ae ciai?oi?o oiia oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo iniaeeainoae
noa’?eoa aeai?o i?ioan??. I?ioan?eia naiiaecia/aiiy — eeth/iaa i?iaeaia
ineoieia?? i?ioan?eiiai noaiiaeaiiy iniaenoino?, a yeiio i?ioan?eia
naiiaecia/aiiy ?icaeyaea?oueny ye iaea?eueo cia/ouee eiiiiiaio
i?ioan?eiiai ?icaeoeo ethaeeie, ye e?eoa??e iaeiiai c aoai?a oeueiai
i?ioeano.

Aaaeeeaei ? i?eaianaiiy a ?ica’ycaiiy iinoaaeaii? i?iaeaie caaaeueieo
iaoiaeieia?/ieo canaae aoiai?oa?iiai i?aeoiaeo c iaoith oieeiaiiy
oaoiieia?/iiai ?icoi?iiy naiiaecia/aiiy, iiaoaeiaaiiai ye aea?? c
iayaieo aeueoa?iaoea. Iniiaith i?ioan?eiiai naiiaecia/aiiy ? iniaeno?nia
naiiaecia/aiiy, aacia?a?aia ?iaioa ii noai?aiith iniaeno?nii? oa
i?ioan?eii? iiceoe??. Naiiaecia/aiiy ne?ae ?icaeyaeaoe a iaaeao
aeeoo?aiai eiioaenoo oe?e?nii? iniaenoino?. I?ioean i?ioan?iiae?caoe?? c
iiaeyaeo nenoaiii? iiceoe?? aeiaaa? a?aooaaiiy aeaio aniaeo?a.
Ii-ia?oa, i?ioan?eia naiiaecia/aiiy aiae?co?oueny ye nenoaia, ui
aeeth/a? aeaye? i?aenenoaie: eiai?oeaio, iioeaaoe?eio, ?ano?nio oa ?i.
Ii-ae?oaa, i?e oeueiio aiia naia ? /anoeiith iaoanenoaie, a yeino? yei?
iinoa? aeeoo?aa naiiaecia/aiiy. Oaeee i?aeo?ae ?aae?co? i?eioeei
iiaea?eiino? ye?nii? aecia/aiino? ? a?aeiia?aea? no/aniiio ?icoi?iith
oeueiai ieoaiiy.

A?aei?iiino? a i?ioan?eiiio naiiaecia/aii?, oni?oiino? eiai cae?eniaiiy,
coiiaeththoueny, ia?o ca ana, iioeaaoe?eieie iniaeeainoyie iniaenoino?.
Iniiai? i?e/eie, ui aieeaathoue ia oni?oi?noue i?ioan?eiiai noaiiaeaiiy
noa’?eoa i?aoe?, a?eueo?noue aeine?aeiee?a iia’ycothoue c ?icaeoeii
iioeaaoe?eii? noa?e, ui ?ioaa?o? a nai?e no?oeoo?? an? iioeaaoe?ei?
ooai?aiiy.

Eeoa ciaiiy ?aaeueii? iioeaaoe?? o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino?, i?e/eie aeai?o
o??? /e o??? i?ioan??, i?noey ?iaioe iiaeooue caaacia/eoe iiaiioo
aeania ineoieia?/iiai iieno i?ioan?eiiai noaiiaeaiiy iniaenoino?.
Nieneioa??i? no?oeoo?e aeii?iothoue a iioeaaoe?eiiio i?ioean?. Oiio
nooi?noth i?ioan?eiiai naiiaecia/aiiy, ye cacia/a? I.N.I?yaei?eia, ?
naiino?eia ? ona?aeiieaia ciaoiaeaeaiiy niene?a ia?aii? /e aaea
aeeiioaaii? ?iaioe oa an??? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? a eiie?aoi?e
eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/i?e (nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i?e) neooaoe??, a oaeiae
ciaoiaeaeaiiy nieneo a naiiio i?ioean? naiiaecia/aiiy. Aiii
?icaeyaea?oueny ye oi?ia ??ciith i??ith ona?aeiieaii? i?aeaioiaee
ethaeeie aei iaeaooiueiai.

Eiai ci?no aecia/a?oueny:

— eoeueoo?iei ?icaeoeii, oiaoi oi?iaie ona?aeiieaiiy na?oo ? naaa o
na?o?;

— oeiii i?inoi??a, a yeeo naiiaecia/a?oueny ethaeeia oa ?o /aniaeie
ia?aiao?aie (ci?noii oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e oa ieaioaaiiyi ?o
?aae?caoe??);

— ?icaeiai?noth iaoai?ci?a naiiaecia/aiiy, a yeino? yeeo aenooia?
noa‘?eoeaoth/a ?aoeaen?y, ui ia? nai?i ?acoeueoaoii ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?
nieneia? no?oeoo?e o oi?i? aeooae?caoe?? iniaenoeo oe?ii?nieo
i???ioaoe?e, ui aeacothoue ia ni?yiiaai?noue iaeaooi?o ae?e oa
ao?eaooe?? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ca iane?aeee aeoeaiino? (?nioaaiiy).

I?aenoaaith aeey iiae?eo naiiaecia/aiiy oao?aoey ia oace ? ci?ia
eieaeueieo oe?eae a oiae? ?aoeaen?? ?, a?aeiia?aeii, ci?ia niinia?a
i?aai?caoe?? iniaenoino?, ui aaaea aei ci?i ?? aca?iiae?? c iaaeieeoi?i
na?oii.

Ia ??cieo noaae?yo i?ioan?eiiai noaiiaeaiiy ci?ith?oueny i?noea ia?aco
ss-i?ioan?iiae a caaaeuei?e ss-eiioeaioe??. ?o ni?aa?aeianaiiy ?
i?iaeoe??th aai iaeeie/iei aeiaaeeii a?eueo caaaeueii? i?iaeaie, yea
noino?oueny i?noey i?ioan?eiiai naiiaecia/aiiy a aeeoo?aiio
naiiaecia/aii?. Oaeei /eiii, i?ioan?iiae?caoe?th iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye
iaeei c aoai?a aeai?o iniaeno?noth aeeoo?ai? no?aoaa??, iiooeo aeanii?
iiceoe?? o noinoieao c iaaeieeoi?i na?oii, noni?euenoaii, niaith.
Iaeaeuei ??aiai ?aae?caoe?? iniaenoino? ? cae?eniaiiy ?? aioo??oiueiai
iioaioe?aeo o a?aeiia?aeiino? c eiie?aoiei nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iei
noeaia???i, aaoi?ii yeiai ? naia iniaeno?noue. Ia oi?ioaaiiy aeeoo?aiai
noeaia??th cia/iith i??ith aieeaa? aeeoo?aa iiceoe?y ethaeeie,
noeoii?noue ?? oe?eae oa caaaeaiue. Aea?? niiniao ?aae?caoe?? oeueiai
noeaia??th, aai no?aoaa?y aeeooy, ia?aaeaa/a? caeaoi?noue aei
i?eioeeiiaiai inieneaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy o a?aeiia?aeiino? c
ea?aeeiaeueiei iai?yieii aecenoaioe?aeueiino?. Oe?ii?ni? aeeniiceoe??
iniaenoino? aecia/athoue ?? aeoeai?noue a aeeoo?aiio naiaioe/iiio
i?inoi??.

A oiae? i?ioan?eiiai noaiiaeaiiy iaiao?aeii noi?ioaaoe ia o?eniaaio
ss-eiioeaioe?th, a aeoea?coaaoe ?iaioo naiina?aeiiino?, ui aeyaey?
iiaeeeaino?, iaiaaeaiiy, ia?niaeoeae, noia?a/iino? iniaenoino? aeey
iinoaiiaee ? ae??oaiiy aeeoo?aeo caaaeaiue. I?ioan?iiae?caoe?y, ye
i?ia?aeiee aeae ae?yeueiino? ? ye ?aae?caoe?y aeeoo?aiai noeaia??th,
iia’ycaia c ?iaioith iioeaaoe?eieo iaoai?ci?a, ye? aeeth/athoueny i?e
iaaiiio e?eoe/iiio ni?aa?aeiioaii? aioo??oi?o ? ciai?oi?o aeaoa?i?iaio.
Iioeaaoe?eiee ??aaiue aiae?co i?ioeano i?ioan?eiiai noaiiaeaiiy
aeicaiey? no?oeoo?oaaoe a?aeiineie “ethaeeia-i?ioan?y” ? aeae?eeoe
ineoieia?/i? iaoai?cie ?icaeoeo, oi?ioaaiiy ? noaiiaeaiiy ia?aco
ss-i?ioan?iiae, e?eoa??? oeueiai ia?aco oa eiai i?noea a no?oeoo??
eiioeaioe?? aeaniiai ss.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Oiiieia?y iioeaaoe?eii? noa?e oa ?? ?ai?acaioaoe?y
o na?aeiiino? a ia??iae i?ioan?eiiai noaiiaeaiiy” aiae?co?oueny
ineoieia?/ia i?e?iaea iioeao ? iioeaaoe?eii? noa?e c aeei?enoaiiyi
iniiaieo iieiaeaiue neia?aaoeee.

Iioea, ye a?aeia?aaeaiiy o na?aeiiino? noinoie?a noa’?eoa c? na?oii, ye?
aeiaaathoue aeoeaiino? o oi?i? ae?yeueiino?, iienothoueny
aaaaoi??aiaaith nenoaiith, ui naiii?aai?co?oueny oa aeeth/a?
a?aeia?aaeoaaeueiee, ?ano?niee, ?aaoeyoeaiee (eii?aeeioth/ee oa
noaii?aeeioth/ee) eiiiiiaioe.

Iioeaaoe?eia noa?a ?icaeyaea?oueny ye eiiieaen iioeaaoe?eieo ooai?aiue o
?oi?e aca?iiae??, aii?yaeeiaaiee neeaaeiith, aaaaoii??iith ???a?o?/iith
no?oeoo?ith. ?? ye?noue aecia/a?oueny ye aeaiaioaie (?o i?e?iaeith,
aeanoeainoyie, e?euee?noth), oae ? no?oeoo?ith, yea ? aaiethoe?eiith,
oiaoi aeyaey? iaai? noaae?? ?icai?oaiiy i?ioeano. C oi/ee ci?o oai???
naiii?aai?caoe?? iioeaaoe?eio noa?o iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye oe?e?nio
aaaaoi??aiaao a?aee?eoo iae?i?eio nenoaio, ui naiii?aai?co?oueny c
aeieeiaiiyi ia iae?i??aiyo aeeneiaoeaii? no?oeoo?e, yea caaacia/o?
eiaa?aioio iiaaae?ieo nenoaie a oe?eiio.

?aeaioe/i?noue ?icaeyaea?oueny a aeena?oaoe?? ye ?ai?acaioaoe?y
iioeaaoe?eii? noa?e, ui a?aeia?aaea? ?? aeuee ??aaiue (oiaoi ??aaiue
noi?iiaaiino? iniaenoino?, ?? oe?e?ni?noue). Inoaiith, a naith /a?ao,
iia’yco?ii c iayai?noth o ethaeeie ae?aaeaiiai naiiaecia/aiiy, ui
aeeth/a? aea?? oe?eae, oe?iiinoae ? ia?aeiiaiue, yeeie ethaeeia
ea?o?oueny a aeeoo?. Caaaeii, oaiiiai ?aeaioe/iino? iiaeia
noa?aeoa?ecoaaoe ye caeaoi?noue iniaenoino? ae??ooaaoe i?iaeaio, ui
iinoaea ia?aae iath, ? i?aenoaaith aeey i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy ?
ona?aeiieaiiy (o??th /e ?ioith i??ith) aeanieo ia?aeiiaiue, iioea?a,
oe?iiinoae. A eiioaeno? i?ioan?eiiai noaiiaeaiiy i?iaeaia ?aeaioe/iino?
?icaeyaea?oueny iaie ye inieneaiee ?aoeaeneaiee i?ioean aeyaeaiiy
i?ioan?eieo i?iaeai, caaaeaiiy eoeueoo?ieo niinia?a ?o ae??oaiiy oa
aeeth/aiiy a ?aae?caoe?th ia iniia? i?ioean?a oe?eaiieeaaeaiiy c
o?aooaaiiyi oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e, iniaeeainoae iioeaaoe?eii? noa?e
iniaenoino?. ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y c iaeaooi?i oao?aoeai ?icaeyaea?oueny ye
iie?no?oeoo?iaaiee i?ioean ?ici?ciaaaiiy aeanieo aeeoo?aeo i???ioaoe?e,
?iaiaioii i?eoaiaiieo iniaenoino? ye nioe?aeueiiio, ae?yeuei?niiio
noa’?eoo. I?e oeueiio i?iaeaia ?aeaioe/iino? a ?aieao i?ioan?eiiai
noaiiaeaiiy aenooia? aeey ian ye i?iaeaia eiai naiiaecia/aiiy noiniaii
ci?noo i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino?, oe?eueiaeo ? oe?ii?nieo ?? aniaeo?a.
I/aaeaeii, ui ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y c oao?aoeai iiaea aooe caniaii aieeao ia
?aaoeyoe?th aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?, caniaii ?aeiino?oeoe?? ae?yeueiino? oa
?? iiaoaeiaith o a?aeiia?aeiino? c aeanieie oe?ii?nieie i???ioaoe?yie, a
ia c caa/anii caaeaieie i?ia?aiaie.

?en. 2. Ooieoe?iiaeueia no?oeoo?a iioeao.

noai?aeeioth/? ca’ycee ?aaoeyoi?iee eiiiiiaio

eii?aeeie?oth/? ca’ycee a?aeia?aaeaeueiee eiiiiiaio

?ioi?ioth/? ca’ycee ?ano?niee eiiiiiaio

I?ioan?eia noaiiaeaiiy aei?a/ii ?icaeyaeaoe ye i?ioean ia?aoai?aiiy
no?oeoo?e ?aeaioe/iino? o a?aeiia?aeiino? c aeiiaaie i?ioan?eii?
ae?yeueiino?. Iniiaiee ci?no oeueiai i?ioeano, ui ?icaeyaea?oueny ye
oi?ioaaiiy i?ioan?eiiai naiiaecia/aiiy, neeaaea? ?icaeoie iioeaaoe?eii?
noa?e iniaenoino?. I?e oeueiio aecia/aeueiee aieea iaoeiooue aeii?iaioi?
??ai? noi?iiaaii? nenoaie: oe?ii?ni? i???ioaoe??, ui aeyaeythoueny o
aeai?? iai?yieo aeoeaiino? /a?ac oi?aae?iiy ae?yeuei?noth, ? iniaeeaino?
iniaeno?nii? naiina?aeiiino?, ui aeyaeythoueny o anoaiiaeaii?
?aeaioe/iino? oa ?? no?oeoo?e. Oaea oi/ea ci?o i?aee?aneth? ?ieue naii?
ethaeeie ye noa’?eoa naiai aeeooy ? ye oaei?, ui caeaoia a?aeia?aaeaoe
aeanio noa’?eoi?noue.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “I?aai?caoe?y oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?ioan?eiiai noaiiaeaiiy eaae?o?eiaaieo nii?oniai?a” iaa?oioiaaia
ineoiae?aaiinoeea ia?aoai?aiue iioeaaoe?eii? noa?e, aea?? iaoiaeee
aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaaaaeaia i?ia?aia aeine?aeaeaiiy.

?aaoeyoe?y, oi?aae?iiy aeeoo?ae?yeuei?noth (aeeth/ath/e aea?? i?ioan??
ye iaeiiai c aoai?a aeeoo?aiai oeyoo) iia’ycai? c oaeineiiaeaiiyi
iioeaaoe?eii? no?oeoo?e noa’?eoa oe??? ae?yeueiino?. Ineoiae?aaiinoeea
iioeaaoe?eii? noa?e c iaoith i?iaiicoaaiiy ?? iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo ia?
a?aoiaoaaoe:

— /e ia?aaoaa? iioeaaoe?eia nenoaia aeecueei /e aeaeaei a?ae oi/ie
a?oo?eaoe??. A?aecia/a?oueny i?eioeeiiaa iaia?aaeaa/oaai?noue iiaaae?iee
a?aee?eoeo iae?i?eieo nenoai iiaeeco oi/ie a?oo?eaoe?? /a?ac
iaiiaeeea?noue a?aooaaiiy an?o /eiiee?a noioanoe/ii? i?e?iaee;

— iaiiaeeea?noue ia?aaeaa/aiiy ci?i iioeaaoe?eii? noa?e aac aea/aiiy
oe?e?nii? iioeaaoe?eii? no?oeoo?e iniaenoino?, ??aiy ?? ?icaeoeo;

— ??ciiiai?oi?noue iioeaaoe?eieo ooai?aiue, ??ciee nooi?iue neeaaeiino?
?o i?aai?caoe??, iaiaeiaeiao noa’?eoeaio cia/ou?noue ie?aieo
eiino?oeo?a. Ae??oaeueia cia/aiiy ia? aeii?iaioiee ??aaiue
iioeaaoe?eii? nenoaie, ui aeeth/a? nenoaio oe?iiinoae oa iniaeeaino?
naiina?aeiiino?, iniaeno?nii? naii?aaoeyoe??.

— niaoeeo?eo ona?aeiieaiiy oi?aae?iiy aeaniith aeoeai?noth a caeaaeiino?
a?ae nenoaie naii?aaoeyoe??. Aiia caeaaeeoue a?ae oiai, noa’?eoii yeeo
aeeoo?aeo a?aeiinei yaey? naaa iniaeno?noue, eiio i?eieno?
a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca oeae aea??.

A iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo?? cacia/a?oueny, ui aaeaeaaoiei caniaii
ae?aaiinoeee iioeaaoe?eii-nieneiaeo ooai?aiue, yeee aeicaiey? aei??yoe
nooi?iue ?o ae?aaeaiino?, aeine?aeeoe no?oeoo?o oa aeeiai?eo, ?
a?aeiia?aei? oanoe-iieooaaeueieee, ii?aeiai? c i?iaeoeaieie iaoiaeeeaie
oa ineoinaiaioe/ieie i?ioeaaeo?aie. Ia noa’?eoiiio ??ai? iaiao?aeii
aeine?aeaeoaaoe ia iioeae ae?yeueiino? ? iiaaae?iee, a iioeaaoe?ei?
ooai?aiiy iniaenoino?, ?? aeeoo?a? i?aaiaiiy, a?aeia?aaeai? a nenoai?
oe?iiinoae.

Aiae?c a aeena?oaoe?? aieiaiei /eiii aoaeo?oueny ia ?ioa?i?aoaoe??
?acoeueoao?a i?iaeoeai?e iaoiaeeee “Ooi ss”, ye? aeicaieythoue aei??yoe
ia eeoa oo /e oo ineo?/io ooieoe?th, a iniaeno?noue caaaeii. Caaaeyee
oiio, ui aeine?aeaeoaai? iae?aco aecia/athoue eiioaeno cia/ouino? aeey
ieo o??? /e o??? oe?iiino?, oey iaoiaeeea ia aeiaaa? aeiienethaaiiy
?ioa?i?aoaoi?a /e iaa’ycoaaiiy nai?o aai ii?iaoeaieo c?ace?a ii??aiyiiy
nioe?aeueieo oe?iiinoae. Oe?ii?ni? i???ioaoe??, ui eaaeaoue a iniia?
aeneiaethaaiue i?i aeani? aeeoo?a? i?iaeaie, ?ice?eaathoue iaeano?
?ioa?an?a ethaeeie.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeinue ia aac? Oe?a?inueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy oa nii?oo, Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo “Ee?anueeee iie?oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo” a 1995-1998
?ieao. Caaaeueia e?euee?noue aeine?aeaeoaaieo neeaea 338 /ieia?e. Na?aae
ieo eaae?o?eiaaieo nii?oniai?a (iaeno??a nii?oo i?aeia?iaeiiai eeano,
iaeno??a nii?oo, eaiaeeaeao?a o iaeno?e nii?oo oa ia?oi?ic?yaeiee?a) —
229 /ieia?e, ui neeaaea? 67.8% aea??ee.

C iaoith aeyaeaiiy iiaeaeueieo oa?aeoa?enoee oao?aoe?a o aaeoc?
o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy oa nii?oo aoee ianoaaeai? aeeieiiiaai? o?aia?e oa
a/eoae?, ui i?aoeththoue ca oaoii ? iaa/athoueny o Aeu?e oeie? o?aia??a
Oe?a?ie aai i?ioiaeyoue nai?ia? i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? i?e OAeOOAN.
?o iieacieee ?icaeyaeaeenue ye aoaeiii?, ye ia?aiao?e aoo?aeoi?a aei
yeiai iathoue iaaeeaeaoenue oa?aeoa?enoeee iioeaaoe?eii? nenoaie
iaeaooi?o oao?aoe?a. Nooaeaioe OAeOOAN ?icaeyaeaeenue ye eaae?o?eiaai?
nii?oniaie (na?aae ieo 91.1% iaeno??a nii?oo oa ia?oi?ic?yaeiee?a),
nooaeaioe IIO ?i. I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa ye nii?oniaie ianiaeo ?ic?yae?a
(nii?oniaie ianiaeo ?ic?yae?a neeaaeathoue 60.7%).

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? “Aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy ci?i
iioeaaoe?eii? noa?e iaeaooi?o oao?aoe?a a aaeoc? o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy oa
nii?oo” iaaiaeyoueny aeai? ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co aeeiai?ee iniaeno?nieo
iioeaaoe?eieo ooai?aiue nii?oniai?a ??cii? eaae?o?eaoe??.

Oaaeeoey 1.

Ii??aiyeuei?e aiae?c aeeiai?ee iniaeno?nieo ooai?aiue
nooaeaio?a-nii?oniai?a.

nooaeaioe OAeOOAN

iieaciee 1 eo?n 2 eo?n 3 eo?n 4 eo?n 5 eo?n

NAEI 105.8 103.5* 101.9* 97.8* 106.1

EE- ss 22.3* 21.4* 21.1* 20.3 22.1

noa’?eoi?noue 2,4* 2,3* 2,0 1,8 2.3

nooaeaioe IIO

iieaciee 1 eo?n 2 eo?n 3 eo?n 4 eo?n

NAEI 104.9 106.0* 106.9* 100.1*

EE- ss 21.5* 22.7* 22.4* 20.2

noa’?eoi?noue 1,3* 1,4* 2,2 1,9

NAEI – nieneiaeeoo?a? i???ioaoe??

EE-ss — eieon-eiio?ieue ss

noa’?eoi?noue – e?euee?noue ae?yeuei?nieo ?aeaioeo?eaoe?e

I?ei.: * cacia/ai? ci?ii?, ca yeeie aecia/aia aeinoia??ia ??cieoey i?ae
nooaeaioaie ??cieo aoc?a * ? < 0.05 Aea/aiiy aeeiai?ee nieneiaeeoo?aeo i???ioaoe?e nooaeaio?a-nii?oniai?a iieacaei, ui oa?aeoa? i?io?eaiiy oeueiai i?ioeano o eaae?o?eiaaieo nii?oniai?a oa nii?oniai?a ianiaeo ?ic?yae?a ? ??ciei. O nooaeaio?a OAeOOAN iieaciee aiioeaiaaiino? aeeooy ciaioo?oueny i?ioyaii iaa/aiiy o aoc?, a o nooaeaio?a IIO ?i. I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa c?inoa? ia ae?oaiio eo?n?, ia ia?aaeaeioneiiio aeinyaa? iaeneiaeueieo aaee/ei, a ia aeioneiiio eo?n? cieaeo?oueny. Aiaeia?/ia aeeiai?ea eieon-eiio?ieth ss. O eaae?o?eiaaieo nii?oniai?a o i?ioean? iaa/aiiy o aoc? ciaioo?oueny aiaaiai?noue o nai?e caeaoiino? ea?oaaoe aeaniith aeieath, caeaoi?noue uinue ci?ieoe aeyaeyth/e aeanio aeoeai?noue. Aiie ni?eeiathoue naaa ye ia’?eo aieeao ciai?oiueiai na?oo ? a ieo ciaioo?oueny a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca ?acoeueoaoe nai?? ae?yeueiino?. O nii?oniai?a ianiaeo nii?oeaieo ?ic?yae?a niinoa??aa?oueny ?ioa ea?oeia: i?ney anooio aei aoco o ieo a?aei?/a?oueny c?inoaiiy aiaaiaiino? o aeanieo neeao ? iiaeeeainoyo, a ia aeioneiiio eo?n? - ?? cieaeaiiy. Aiaeia?/ii a?aeaoaathoueny ci?ie noa’?eoiino? nooaeaio?a-nii?oniai?a. Aiia a?aeia?aaea? ye?noue aeii?iaioiiai ??aiy noi?iiaaii? iioeaaoe?eii? no?oeoo?e. Ca oeei iieacieeii iiaeia ?iaeoe aeniiaee ? i?i iiiaeeii?noue i?inoi??a, a yeeo aiie ni?eeiathoue naaa a yeino? noa’?eoa ae?yeueiino? Eaae?o?eiaaiei nii?oniaiai oa nii?oniaiai ianiaeo ?ic?yae?a i?eoaiaiiee ??ciee oa?aeoa? aeeiai?ee ci?i oe?ii?nieo no?oeoo? a i?ioean? oaoiai? i?aeaioiaee. O eaae?o?eiaaieo nii?oniai?a niinoa??aa?oueny i?aeaeuaiiy i?ieeaino? oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e. O nii?oniai?a ianiaeo ?ic?yae?a iaaiaee - ia?aaaaea? noaa?e?caoe?y oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e. Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c aeeiai?ee iioeaaoe?eieo ooai?aiue nii?oniai?a a i?ioean? oaoiai? i?aeaioiaee aeicaieea aeyaeoe ??ciee ?o oa?aeoa? caeaaeii a?ae ??aiy eaae?o?eaoe?e. Aeey c’ynoaaiiy i?e/ei oeueiai aoa ?icaeyiooee naiaioe/iee ci?no aeii?iaioiiai ??aiy no?oeoo?e ?aeaioe/iino?. Oaaeeoey 2. Ii??aiyeuei?e aiae?c aeeiai?ee aieiaieo ?aeaioeo?eaoe?e nooaeaio?a-nii?oniai?a. nooaeaioe OAeOOAN ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? 1 eo?n 2 eo?n 3 eo?n 4 eo?n “nii?oniai” 1,46** 1,23** 0,80* 0,63* “nooaeaio” 0,79* 0,77 0,72* 0,58* nooaeaioe IIO ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? 1 eo?n 2 eo?n 3 eo?n 4 eo?n “nii?oniai” 0,50** 0,39** 0,45* 0,41* “nooaeaio” 0,64* 0,69 0,88* 0,91* I?ei.: * cacia/ai? ci?ii?, ca yeeie aecia/aia aeinoia??ia ??cieoey i?ae nooaeaioaie ??cieo aoc?a * ? < 0.05, ** ? < 0.01 I?ioan?eia ae?yeuei?noue ? i?ia?aeiei aeaeii ae?yeueiino? a aeaiee ia??iae nioe?ae?caoe?? iniaenoino?. Oiio naiaioe/iee ci?no ae?yeuei?nii? ?aeaioe/iino? (oyaeaiiy i?i naaa ye i?i noa’?eoa ae?yeueiino?) ? iaea?eueo cia/ouei na?aae ?ioeo i?aeno?oeoo? ?aeaioe/iino?. Oea i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny e oei, ui eeoa ci?ie iieaciee?a ae?yeuei?nieo ?aeaioeo?eaoe?e ? iiae?aieie aei aeeiai?ee nieneiaeeoo?aeo i???ioaoe?e, a ?io? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny aaoa?iaaiiei oa?aeoa?ii ci?i. O ca’yceo c oeei, naiaioe/iee aiae?c oi?eaany eeoa ae?yeuei?nii? i?aeno?oeoo?e ?aeaioe/iino?. O nooaeaio?a OAeOOAN i?ioyaii iaa/aiiy a oi?aa?neoao? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y c? nii?oniaiii ? i?ia?aeiith, oiaoi nii?oeaia ae?yeuei?noue aeey ieo caeeoa?oueny iaea?eueo cia/ouith. O nooaeaio?a IIO ?i. I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa iaeaeueo aaee/ei aeinyaathoue iieacieee ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? c? nooaeaioii, aeey ieo aieiaia - iaa/aeueia ae?yeuei?noue. O eaae?o?eiaaieo nii?oniai?a o nii?oeai?e ae?yeueiino? a?aeaoaa?oueny noaiiaeaiiy iioeaaoe?eii? no?oeoo?e, yea a?aeiia?aea? no?oeoo?? c??ei? iniaenoino?. Aea i?e oeueiio caeeoathoueny ia?icaeiaieie i?aeno?oeoo?e ieuea ??ai?a. O ieo aeyaey?oueny iaea e?euee?noue i?inoi??a, a yeeo a?aeaoaa?oueny naiiaecia/aiiy iniaenoino? (ye a?aeia?aaeaiiy /enea nioe?aeueieo ca’yce?a ? ?ieae, ui c ieie iia’ycai?), ? oe?iiino? nii?oeaii? ae?yeueiino? iae?eoe/ii ia?aiinyoueny o an? noa?e aeeooy (ciiao ae oaee /a?ac iaaeinoaoith aeeth/ai?noue o noni?euei? a?aeiineie). A i?ioean? oaoiai? i?aeaioiaee a?aeaoaa?oueny ia?aoai?aiiy ie?aieo eiiiiiaio?a noi?iiaaii? no?oeoo?e, ui noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ?o ?icocaiaeaeaiiyi. Ia?ao?ae aei iiaiai nioe?aeueiiai noaoono c??ei? iniaenoino?, noa’?eoa aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ia?aaoaeiao? ?ai?oa noi?iiaai? iioeaaoe?ei? no?oeoo?e oa i?ecaiaeeoue aei aioo??oiueiiniaeno?nieo ineoieia?/ieo e?ec. ?acoeueoaoii ?o iiaeieaiiy noa? a?eueo aeineiiaea naii?aaoeyoe?y oa aca?iiae?y c? na?oii, ui nai?th /a?aith aecia/a?oueny ye?noth noi?iiaaii? iioeaaoe?eii? noa?e. Ia iieiaeoeo eo?nao o a?eueoino? nooaeaio?a a?aeaoaa?oueny eiino?othaaiiy, iiaoaeiaa ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? c iaeaooi?i oao?aoeai a aaeoc? o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo, aea ia ?? i?acaioaoe?y o na?aeiiino?. Ia i?ioyc? oaoiai? i?aeaioiaee ?? cia/ou?noue c?inoa? ? aei cae?i/aiiy iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano aiia ii/eia? iin?aeaoe i?ia?aeia i?noea a no?oeoo?? ae?yeuei?nii? ?aeaioe/iino? o a?eueoino? nooaeaio?a, oiaoi c eaoaioii? ia?aoai?th?oueny ia i?ia?aeio, aeii?ioth/o. Uia ?aeaioe/i?noue iaea aeanoeaino? ae??aino? oa no?eeino?, aiia ia? aooe caaacia/aia ?icaeiaiith no?oeoo?iith aeeoa?aioe?aoe??th. Oey aeiiaa aeieeaa? c naii? oi?aa?naeueii? nenoaie, ?? aaaaoiooieoe?iiaeueiino? oa ??ciiiai?oieo caeaoiinoae aei ?aaoethaaiiy, naiiiiiaeaiiy oa aeaeeaaiiy. Ieoiia aaaa e?euee?nieo iieaciee?a ?aeaioeo?eaoe?e c? nooaeaioaie oa nii?oniaiaie i?eiaaea? ia cae?i/aiiy iaa/aeueiiai caeeaaeo o ca’yceo c? ca?eueoaiiyi /enea ?ioeo aeae?a ae?yeueiino?, ?icoe?aiiyi inaithaaieo aeeoo?aeo i?inoi??a. I?iaeaia noaa?eueiino? ?aeaioe/iino? iia’ycaia c iaaiith eiinoaioi?noth iioeaaoe?eii-oe?ii?nii? nenoaie, an?o ?? aeaiaio?a (iaiao?aeiee /an, uia i?eeiyoe iia? oe?iiino?, ye? aoaeooue a?aeia?aaeai? a no?oeoo??). Oa?aeoa?enoeee naii?aaoeyoe?? ia eiaeiiio aoai? ooieoe?iioaaiiy iathoue nai? /ania? iaiaaeaiiy. Iiaee noai ??aiiaaae (iai?eeeaae, o nooaeaio?a OAeOOAN, ye? io?eiothoue i?neyaeeieiiio ina?oo ia i’yoiio eo?n?) aiai?eoue i?i oni?oio ?aae?caoe?th aeeoo?ai? i?ia?aie, i?i aeinyaiaiiy nai?o ii?iaoeaieo ooieoe?e ii i?aeo?eiaiith, a?aeiiaeaiith ? caoenoo nai?o no?aoaa?/ieo oe?ii?nieo i?aaiaiue. No?oeoo?a ?aeaioe/iino? nii?oniai?a noa? iiae?aiith aei no?oeoo?e ?aeaioe/iino? aeeieiiiaaieo niaoe?ae?no?a aei cae?i/aiiy oaoiai? i?aeaioiaee. Aea noaiiaeaiiy oe??? no?oeoo?e ia? nai? iniaeeaino? o eaae?o?eiaaieo nii?oniai?a ? nii?oniai?a ianiaeo ?ic?yae?a. O eaae?o?eiaaieo nii?oniai?a - nooaeaio?a Oi?aa?neoaoo o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy oa nii?oo - no?oeoo?ia e?eca ?aeaioe/iino? niinoa??aa?oueny ia i?ioyc? anueiai iaa/aiiy o aoc?. Nai?o e?eoe/ieo cia/aiue aiia aeinyaa? ia aeioneiiio eo?n?. E?eca caaa?oaiiy nii?oeaii? ea?’??e oa ia?aoiaeo aei ?ioi? ea?’??e iia’ycaia c aeiei??iiith ci?iith i?noey nii?oo a aeeoo? ethaeeie oa oyaia ca niaith iaiao?aei?noue ia?aaoaeiae ia?aco ss ? ona?aeiieaiiy oe?iiino? iniaenoino? iica nioe?aeueiith ?ieo nii?oniaia. O eaae?o?eiaaieo nii?oniai?a a nii?oeai?e ae?yeueiino? a?aeaoaa?oueny noaiiaeaiiy no?oeoo?e ?aeaioe/iino?, yea a?aeiia?aea? no?oeoo?? c??ei? iniaenoino?. Ia ii/aoeo iaa/aiiy o aoc? o ieo niinoa??aa?oueny oaiiiai ia?aae/anii? ?aeaioe/iino? (o oeo, ooi ia ? i?ioan?eiei nii?oniaiii). Aeaiaioe ?? no?oeoo?e oi?iothoueny a?aeiinii ?aii ? ia a ?acoeueoao? naiino?eiiai iiooeo ? ona?aeiieaiiy, a aiane?aeie ni?aa?aeianaiiy c? cia/oueie ethaeueie /e c?aceaie (oiaoi iaa’ycoaaieie c ciai?, iae?eoe/ii canai?ieie). I?e iaai?e oioiaeiino? no?oeoo? ?aeaioe/iino? ia?oieo?niee?a oa oao?aoe?a ?o ci?noiaia iaiiaithaai?noue ??cia: o nooaeaio?a ia?aaaaea? ioioiaeiaiiy naaa c? nii?oniaiii, a ia c oao?aoeai-i?ioan?iiaeii. Oi?ioaaiiy aeinyaiooi? naiino?eii canai?ii? ?aeaioe/iino? i?iaeiaaeo?oueny i?ioyaii anueiai iaa/aiiy o aoc?. ?icaeoie oyaeaiiy i?i naaa ye i?i iaeaooiueiai niaoe?ae?noa i?ioiaeeoue, a iniiaiiio, a iaaeao ae?yeuei?nii? i?aenenoaie ?aeaioe/iino? oeyoii ci?ie naiaioe/ieo ioe?iie, ci?ie oe?ii?nieo i???ioe??a. O i’yoeeo?niee?a (i?neyaeeieiiia ina?oa) aaea ? no?oeoo?a ?aeaioe/iino?, ? no?oeoo?a ae?yeuei?nieo ?aeaioeo?eaoe?e iiae?ai? aei a?aeiia?aeieo ooai?aiue aeeieiiiaaieo niaoe?ae?no?a. Cia/aiiy iieacieea naiiioioiaeiaiiy naaa c iaeaooi?i oao?aoeai a aaeoc? o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo aeinyaei iaea?eueoeo aaee/ei na?aae ae?yeuei?nieo ?aeaioeo?eaoe?e, aea ? ieae/ei a?ae a?aeiia?aeiiai iieacieea i?aoethth/eo o?aia??a oa a/eoae?a. Oiaoi aoaea oea noaa?eueia ?aeaioe/i?noue, /e i?ioean iiooeo naiai i?noey a aeeoo? caoyaiaoueny, iiaeia aoaea ioe?ithaaoe ca ?acoeueoaoaie i?aeoe/iiai iiaioaaiiy i?ioan??th. O nii?oniai?a ianiaeo ?ic?yae?a oyaeaiiy i?i naaa ye i?i noa’?eoa ae?yeueiino? (oa aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?) ?icaeioo? iaaeinoaoiuei. Ia?aiao?e no?oeoo?e ?aeaioe/iino? iaaoaathoue iciae noi?iiaaiino? eeoa aei aeioneiiai eo?no. Aea i?e oeueiio aiia ia? oa?aeoa? ia?aae/anii?, nioe?aeueii iac??ei? ?aeaioe/iino?, ine?eueee ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y c? nooaeaioii ? aeii?ioth/ith a ae?yeuei?ni?e i?aeno?oeoo?? ?aeaioe/iino?. A i?ioean? i?ioan?eiiai naiiaecia/aiiy i?iaeiaaeo?oueny ?icaeoie iioeaaoe?eii? noa?e. Ca?eueoo?oueny /enaeuei?noue i?inoi??a, a yeeo a?aeaoaa?oueny naiiaecia/aiiy iniaenoino? (ye a?aeia?aaeaiiy /enea iiaeo nioe?aeueieo ca’yce?a ? ?ieae c ieie iia’ycaieo), ? ?icaeaa?oueny iiaa ye?noue iaoai?ci?a naiiaecia/aiiy. Oneeaaeiaiiy iioeaaoe?eii? no?oeoo?e, ui ? iane?aeeii aioo??oiueiiniaeno?nieo ia?aaeeaaiue, iiaea a?aeaoaaoenue o aeaa niiniae, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue neioaaiaoe/i?e aai ia?aaeeaiaoe/i?e ?ici??iino? no?oeoo?e: - aai a iaaeao aaea noi?iiaaieo ooai?aiue, ci?ithth/e naiaioe/i? i?aenoaae aeeoo?aiai naiiaecia/aiiy; - aai oi?ioaaiiyi iiaiai ??aiy noi?iiaaii? iioeaaoe?eii? noa?e, iia’ycaiiai c ?icaeoeii noa’?eoiino?. A caeaaeiino? a?ae naiaioe/ieo ioe?iie neooaoe?? aeai?o i?ioan?? ? noi?iiaaiino? iniaeno?nieo no?oeoo? a?aeaoaa?oueny ?ica’ycaiiy e?ece ?aeaioe/iino? a i?ioean? i?ioan?iiae?caoe??, ?? cia/aiiy a aeeoo?, niiniae, yeeie aiia aoaea ae??ooaaoenue. O aeniiaeao i?aeaeoi i?aenoiee i?iaaaeaiiai oai?aoe/iiai oa aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?acoeueoaoe yeiai i?aeoaa?aeeee aenoiooo a?iioaco oa iieiaeaiiy, aeianai? ia caoeno, iai?/ai? ia?niaeoeae i?eeeaaeiiai aeei?enoaiiy. Ocaaaeueiaiiy aeaieo ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaei iiaeeea?noue ae?eoe oaeeo aeniiae?a. I?ioean i?ioan?eiiai noaiiaeaiiy iaoiiaeaiee iniaeeainoyie iioeaaoe?eii-oe?ii?nieo no?oeoo? iniaenoino?: ?o noi?iiaai?noth, iiiaeeii?noth oei?a i?inoi??a, a yeeo ethaeeia naiiaecia/a?oueny, nooiaiai ?icaeoeo ?aoeaen?? ? noaaeaiiyi aei naaa ye aei noa’?eoa nai?? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?. ??aaiue ona?aeiieaiiy i?ioan?eiiai naiiaecia/aiiy caeaaeeoue a?ae nooiaiy ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? naaa c oao?aoeai ? noi?iiaaiino? e?eoa???a i?ioan?iiaea (?o a?aeiia?aeiino? ii?iaoeaiei c?aceai), i?eeiyooy a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ca na?e i?ioan?eiee aea??, eiia?oaioiino? ??ai?a ?aaoeyoe?? i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino? oa aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? caaaeii. Ia aeioneiiio eo?n? o an?o nooaeaio?a niinoa??aa?oueny ineoieia?/ia e?eca, iia’ycaia c aeinyaiaiiyi ineoinioe?aeueii? c??eino?, ui ni?aiaaea? c cae?i/aiiyi iaa/aeueiiai caeeaaeo ? anooiii a naiino?eia aeeooy, eiee eiaeai noa? noa’?eoii aeanii? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ? iana a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca i?eeiyooy ??oaiue. 4. Eaae?o?eiaai? nii?oniaie ona?aeiieththoue naaa noa’?eoaie nii?oeaii? ae?yeueiino?. Ine?eueee iiiaeeii?noue nioe?aeueieo i?inoi??a o ieo ia ?icaeiaia, a ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y c? nii?oniaiii ? i?ia?aeiith (nii?o caeia? a?eueoo /anoeio aeeooy), oi noa’?eoi?noue o ieo noi?iiaaia ye iniaeno?nia ye?noue, i?e ia?icaeiaiino? i?aeno?oeoo? a?eueo iecueeiai ??aiy. C aeeth/aiiyi a ??ciiiai?oi? noni?euei? noinoiee, ca?eueoaiiyi e?eueeino? ??cieo nioe?aeueieo ?ieae, aeooae?co?oueny iaiao?aei?noue ia?aoai?aiiy onoaeaii? ia?aae/anii? ?aeaioe/iino?. 5. A i?ioean? i?ioan?eiiai noaiiaeaiiy iaeaooi?o oao?aoe?a o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy oa nii?oo a?aeaoaa?oueny ?icaeoie iioeaaoe?eii? noa?e. ?? no?oeoo?a noa? iiae?aiith aei no?oeoo?e i?ioan?eiiai i?aoe?aieea oe??? aaeoc?. Caeaaeii a?ae eaae?o?eaoe?? nii?oniai?a ci?no i?ioean?a, ui a?aeaoaathoueny, ? ??ciei. O nii?oniai?a ianiaeo nii?oeaieo ?ic?yae?a, a iniiaiiio, a?aeaoaa?oueny iinooiiaa oi?ioaaiiy aeii?iaioiiai ??aiy iioeaaoe?eii-oe?ii?nieo no?oeoo?, noa’?eoiino?. O eaae?o?eiaaieo nii?oniai?a a?aeaoaa?oueny o?ainoi?iaoe?y iioeaaoe?eii? noa?e, eiee noi?iiaaia no?oeoo?a, ui a?aeiia?aea? c??e?e iniaenoino?, i?aeaea?oueny ?aa?c??, ia?ainieneaiith. ?acoeueoaoii ? a?eueo aeieiiaea ye?noue naii?aaoeyoe?? oa aca?iiae?? c? na?oii, yea i?aenoiiao? naiaioe/io ?ioa?i?aoaoe?th cia/aiiy nii?oeaii? ae?yeueiino? oa aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? i?ney i?eeiyooy oe?iiinoae nioe?oio. Ia?niaeoeaieie ? iai?yiee i?eeeaaeiiai aeei?enoaiiy ciaiue i?i iniaeeaino? i?ioan?eiiai noaiiaeaiiy aeey oe?eueiaiai oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanaie iniaeno?niiai naiiaecia/aiiy /a?ac aeooae?caoe?th naiaioe/ieo oa noa’?eoieo neeaaeiaeo iioeaaoe?eii? noa?e. Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeaii a ioae?eaoe?yo aaoi?a: Eiiiaieaiei N.I., Iethu A.I. Aiciiaeiua iooe eiaeeaeaeoaeecaoeee i?ioeanna ainieoaiey // Nioe?ae?caoe?y iniaenoino? ye i?iaeaia iaoe?iiaeueii? ina?oe. Oace aeiiia?aeae Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??. – I?aeei, 1994. – N. 24-26. Iethu A.I. E i?iaeaia i?ioanneiiaeecaoeee ee/iinoe // Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie iaaeaaia?ee ? ineoieia??. Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. – I?aeei, 1995. – N. 151-154. Ai?iiiaa A.?., Eiaee?i A.A., Iethu I.I. Nenoaiiee aiae?c aaiace iioea?a i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino? // Ina?oa a aaeoc? o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e: noai, i?iaeaie, ia?niaeoeae. Iaoa??aee Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe??. Euea?a, EAe?OE, 1996. – N. 108-111. Voronova V.I., Plyushch A.N. The dynamics of motivation of young people in the process of their professional formation in the field of physical education and sports // Every individual is a challenge. Proceeding of the international conference on adapted physical activity of children and youth. Olomouc, 1996. – P. 108-112. Iethu I.I. I?ioan?eia naiiaecia/aiiy nooaeaio?a oi?aa?neoaoo o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo // Iieiaea nii?oeaia iaoea Oe?a?ie. Iaoa??aee ia?oi? Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? ani??aio?a aaeoc? o?ce/ia eoeueoo?a ? nii?o. Euea?a, EAe?OE, 1997. – N. 34-36. Plyushch A., Voronova V. Influence of motivation factors on the success of professional development // The Modern Olympic Sport. The proceedings of international scientific congress. – Kyiv: International Financial Agency Ltd., 1997. – P. 19-20. Iethu I.I. E?ece i?ioan?eiiai naiiaecia/aiiy nooaeaio?a oi?aa?neoaoo o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo // Eiioe?eoe a iaaeaaia?/ieo nenoaiao. Ca??iee aeiiia?aeae iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??. – A?iieoey, AAeOO, 1997. – N. 253-255. Iethu I.I. No?oeoo?a iioeaaoe?eii? noa?e iniaenoino? // Iaoeia? caienee I?aeeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo. Na??y ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i? iaoee. – I?aeei, IAeI?, 1997. – N. 81-84. Ai?iiiaa A.E., Eiaeeei A.A., Iethu A.I. O?ainoi?iaoeey no?oeoo?u eaeaioe/iinoe nooaeaioia-nii?oniaiia. // AEo?iae i?aeoeeothuaai ineoieiaa. Auione 4, 1998. – N. 108-116. Iethu I.I. O?ainoi?iaoe?y iioeaaoe?eii? noa?e eaae?o?eiaaieo nii?oniai?a a ia??iae i?ioan?eiiai noaiiaeaiiy. – ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa ineoieia?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 19.00.01 - caaaeueia ineoieia?y, ?noi??y ineoieia??. – ?inoeooo ineoieia?? ?i. A.N.Einothea AII Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999. Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue oai?aoe/ia e aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioan?eiiai noaiiaeaiiy eaae?o?eiaaieo nii?oniai?a ye niaoe?ae?no?a o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy oa nii?oo. Aeii?iaioi? ??ai? noi?iiaaii? iioeaaoe?eii? no?oeoo?e ? aecia/aeueieie aeey ?aaoeyoe?? aeeoo?aeo ieai?a, iia’ycaieo c i?ioan?eiith ae?yeuei?noth, aeey oi?ioaaiiy ?aeaioe/iino? niaoe?ae?noa. Oneeaaeiaiiy iioeaaoe?eii? no?oeoo?e iiaea cae?enithaaoenue aai a iaaeao oaea onoaeaieo ooai?aiue caaaeyee ci?iai o naiaioe/ieo i?aenoaaao aeeoo?aiai naiiaecia/aiiy, aai /a?ac noaiiaeaiiy iiaiai ??aiy iioeaaoe?eii? noa?e, iia’ycaiiai c ?icaeoeii noa’?eoiino?. Eeth/ia? neiaa: i?ioan?eia noaiiaeaiiy, i?ioan?eia naiiaecia/aiiy, iioeaaoe?eia nenoaia, nenoaia oe?iiinoae, ?aeaioe/i?noue. Iethu A.I. O?ainoi?iaoeey iioeaaoeeiiiie noa?u eaaeeoeoee?iaaiiuo nii?oniaiia a ia?eiae i?ioanneiiaeueiiai noaiiaeaiey. – ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa ineoieiae/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 19.00.01 – iauay ineoieiaey, enoi?ey ineoieiaee. – Einoeooo ineoieiaee ei. A.N.Einothea AII Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999. Aeenna?oaoeey niaea?aeeo oai?aoe/aneia e yenia?eiaioaeueiia enneaaeiaaiea i?ioanneiiaeueiiai noaiiaeaiey eaaeeoeoee?iaaiiuo nii?oniaiia eae niaoeeaeenoia a iaeanoe oece/aneiai ainieoaiey e nii?oa. Oi?ie?iaaiea noauaeoa i?ioanneiiaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaenoaaeyao niaie aeeeoaeueiue, aeeiaie/aneee, iiiaio?iaiaaue i?ioeann oi?iiia?aciaaiey ee/iinoe, aaeaeaaoiie o?aaiaaieyi yoie aeayoaeueiinoe. Ia ia/aeueiuo noaaeeyo i?ioanneiiaeueiia noaiiaeaiea aeaoa?ieie?iaaii aiaoieie ianoiyoaeuenoaaie. Oaeoi?aie aeaeueiaeoaai ?acaeoey aunooiatho aioo?aiiyy n?aaea ee/iinoe, aa aeoeaiinoue. I?e yoii a ineoieiaee i?ioanneiiaeueiiai noaiiaeaiey ee/iinoe eeth/aaie aunooiaao i?iaeaia i?ioanneiiaeueiiai naiiii?aaeaeaiey, eiaaea iii ?anniao?eaaaony eae iaeaieaa cia/eiue eiiiiiaio i?ioanneiiaeueiiai ?acaeoey /aeiaaea e eae e?eoa?ee iaeiiai ec yoaiia yoiai i?ioeanna. ?acee/ey a i?ioanneiiaeueiii naiiii?aaeaeaiee, oniaoiinoe aai inouanoaeaiey, iaoneiaeeaathony, i?aaeaea anaai, iioeaaoeeiiiuie iniaaiiinoyie ee/iinoe. Iniiaiua i?e/eiu, aeeythuea ia oniaoiinoue i?ioanneiiaeueiiai noaiiaeaiey noauaeoa o?oaea, iiiaea enneaaeiaaoaee naycuaatho n ?acaeoeai iioeaaoeeiiiie noa?u, eioi?ay eioaa?e?oao a naiae no?oeoo?a ana iioeaaoeeiiiua ia?aciaaiey. N oi/ee c?aiey neia?aaoeee iioeaaoeeiiiay noa?a i?aaenoaaeyao niaie iiiaio?iaiaaoth, ioe?uooth naiii?aaiecothuothny, iaeeiaeioth nenoaio n aicieeiiaaieai ia iae?io?iaia aeenneiaoeaiie no?oeoo?u, iaania/eaathuae eiaa?aioiia iiaaaeaiea nenoaiu a oeaeii. Iioea ?anniao?eaaaony eae eieaeecaoeey i?ioeanna io?aaeaiey a niciaiee ioiioaiee noauaeoa n ie?ii, o?aaothueo aeoeaiinoe a iaeeiaeiie n?aaea. Iiiyoea eaeaioe/iinoue, eae io?aaeaiea iioeaaoeeiiiie noa?u, aa iauaeoeaaoeee, yaeyaony aeaaainoaothuei a noauaeoiii iiaeoiaea, i?e eioi?ii iiae/a?eeaaaony aeoeaiinoue naiiai /aeiaaea a ii?aaeaeaiee aeeciaiiiai iooe. N yoie oi/ee c?aiey i?ioeann i?ioanneiiaeueiiai noaiiaeaiey oianoii ?anniao?eaaoue eae oi?ie?iaaiea i?ioanneiiaeueiiai naiiii?aaeaeaiey, a aai niaea?aeaiea iiae?acoiaaaao ?acaeoea iioeaaoeeiiiie noa?u ee/iinoe. I?e yoii ii?aaeaeythuaa aeeyiea ieacuaatho aeiieiaioiua o?iaie noi?ie?iaaiiie nenoaiu: oeaiiinoiua i?eaioaoeee, io?aaeathueany a auai?a iai?aaeaiey aeoeaiinoe, e iniaaiiinoe ee/iinoiiai naiiniciaiey, i?iyaeythueany a noaiiaeaiee eaeaioe/iinoe (e aa no?oeoo?). Oaeie iiaeoiae aeoeaioe?oao ?ieue naiiai /aeiaaea eae noauaeoa naiae aeecie e eae io?aaeathuaai yoo noauaeoiinoue. Naiaioe/aneee aiaeec ea/anoaaiiie no?oeoo?u aeayoaeueiinoiie iiaenenoaiu eaeaioe/iinoe iauyniyao ?acee/ey a aeeiaieea iioeaaoeeiiiuo ia?aciaaiee a i?ioeanna iao/aiey a aoca nooaeaioia-nii?oniaiia ?acee/iie eaaeeoeeaoeee. O eaaeeoeoee?iaaiiuo nii?oniaiia eaeaioeoeeaoeey ni nii?oniaiii yaeyaony aaaeouae ia i?ioyaeaiee anae o/aau a aoca, o.a. nii?oeaiay aeayoaeueiinoue inoaaony aeey ieo iaeaieaa cia/eiie. Nii?oniaiu ianniauo nii?oeaiuo ?ac?yaeia eaeaioeoeoee?otho naay a iniiaiii ni nooaeaioii, aeey ieo aeaaiia – o/aaiay aeayoaeueiinoue. I?ioanneiiaeueiia ?acaeoea ee/iinoe i?aaeiieaaaao ioiaeaeanoaeaiea naay n noauaeoii i?ioanneiiaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe, aa niaoeeaeenoii. Aeieaeiu auoue noi?ie?iaaiu e?eoa?ee i?ioanneiiaeecia a niioaaonoaee n ii?iaoeaiuie ia?acoeaie e i?eiyoa ioaaonoaaiiinoue ca naie i?ioanneiiaeueiue auai?. Ia?aoiae e iiaiio nioeeaeueiiio noaoono – c?aeie ee/iinoe, noauaeoo aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoe – i?eaiaeeo e ia?ano?aeaaieth ?aiaa neiaeeaoeony iioeaaoeeiiiuo no?oeoo?, nii?iaiaeaeathuaiony aioo?eee/iinoiuie ineoieiae/aneeie e?ecenaie. Eo neaaenoaeai anoue aieaa niaa?oaiiia ea/anoai naii?aaoeyoeee e acaeiiaeaenoaey n ie?ii. I?ioeann noaiiaeaiey aieaa niaa?oaiiie noaiaie ooieoeeiie?iaaiey iioeaaoeeiiiie noa?u nooaeaioia-nii?oniaiia caaeneo io ea/anoaa noi?ie?iaaiiie no?oeoo?u. O nii?oniaiia ianniauo ?ac?yaeia i?aaenoaaeaiey i naaa eae i noauaeoa aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoe ia ia?aii eo?na iaaeinoaoi/ii ?acaeou. Ia?aiao?u ii?iaoeaiie no?oeoo?u eaeaioe/iinoe aeinoeaathony e auioneiiio eo?no. O eaaeeoeoee?iaaiiuo nii?oniaiia a nii?oeaiie aeayoaeueiinoe i?ienoiaeeo noaiiaeaiea no?oeoo?u eaeaioe/iinoe, niioaaonoaothuae no?oeoo?a c?aeie ee/iinoe. A i?ioeanna i?ioanneiiaeueiie iiaeaioiaee i?ienoiaeeo i?aia?aciaaiea ioaeaeueiuo eiiiiiaioia neiaeeaoaeny no?oeoo?u, i?e yoii iaaethaeaaony eo ?anniaeaniaaiea. O eaaeeoeoee?iaaiiuo nii?oniaiia, iieo/athueo iineaaeeieiiiia ia?aciaaiea (iaaeno?aoo?a), no?oeoo?a eaeaioe/iinoe iiyoue i?eia?aoaao /a?ou noiaenoaa ni no?oeoo?ie niaoeeaeenoia, ii i?e yoii ioia/aaony niioaaonoaea ea/anoaaiiuo e eiee/anoaaiiuo ia?aiao?ia iiaeno?oeoo? eaeaioe/iinoe. A i?ioeanna i?ioanneiiaeueiiai naiiii?aaeaeaiey i?iaeieaeaaony ?acaeoea iioeaaoeeiiiie noa?u. I?ienoiaeeo oaaee/aiea /enea i?ino?ainoa, a eioi?uo i?ienoiaeeo naiiii?aaeaeaiea ee/iinoe (eae ioia?aaeaiea /enea iiauo nioeeaeueiuo naycae e ?ieae n ieie naycaiiuo), e ?acaeoea iiaiai ea/anoaa iaoaieciia naiiii?aaeaeaiey. Oneiaeiaiea iioeaaoeeiiiie no?oeoo?u, nii?iaiaeaeathuaany aioo?eee/iinoiuie ia?aaeeaaieyie, iiaeao inouanoaeyoueny aeaoiy niiniaaie, niioaaonoaothueie neioaaiaoe/aneie eee ia?aaeeaiaoe/aneie ?acia?iinoe no?oeoo?u: eee a ?aieao oaea neiaeeaoeony iioeaaoeeiiiuo ia?aciaaiee, eciaiyy naiaioe/aneea iniiaaiey aeeciaiiiai naiiii?aaeaeaiey; eee oi?ie?iaaieai iiaiai o?iaiy neiaeeaoaeny iioeaaoeeiiiie no?oeoo?u naycaiiiai n ?acaeoeai noauaeoiinoe. Eeth/aaua neiaa: i?ioanneiiaeueiia noaiiaeaiea, i?ioanneiiaeueiia naiiii?aaeaeaiea, iioeaaoeeiiiay nenoaia, nenoaia oeaiiinoae, eaeaioe/iinoue. Plyushch A.N. Transformation of the motivation sphere of qualified sportsmen professional establishment. – Manuscript. Thesis for candidate degree in psychological science. Specialty 19.00.01 – general psychology and history of psychology. – G.S.Kostuk Institute of Psychology of Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine. – Kyiv, 1999. This dissertation contains theoretical and experimental research of the qualified sportsmen professional establishment as a specialist in the field of physical culture and sport. Dominant levels of the constituted motivational structure determine regulation of the life plans, connected with professional activity, as well as specialist identification formation. Motivational structure could be complicated in frames of the existing constituted formation, changing semantic grounds of the life self identification, or the constitution of the new level of the motivation sphere, related with the subjectivity development. Key words: professional establishment, professional self-identification, motivation system, system of value, identity. PAGE 1

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