2

IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO NA?OIAI? AEIIII?EE ? I?AEIA?IAeIEO A?AeIINEI

Eeeiaiei Ieaia Aiaoie??aia

OAeE 323.2

O?ainoi?iaoe?y iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e

ia?ao?aeieo noni?euenoa

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 23.00.04 – Iie?oe/i? i?iaeaie i?aeia?iaeieo nenoai oa
aeiaaeueiiai ?icaeoeo

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iie?oe/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? na?oiai? aeiiii?ee ? i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei
IAI Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe Eai?inueeee ?aaai ?aiaiiae/,
caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo ?a?iiaenueeeo oa Aia?eeainueeeo aeine?aeaeaiue
?inoeoooo na?oiai? aeiiii?ee ? i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei IAI
Oe?a?ie.Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe Eai?inueeee ?aaai
?aiaiiae/, caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo ?a?iiaenueeeo oa Aia?eeainueeeo
aeine?aeaeaiue ?inoeoooo na?oiai? aeiiii?ee ? i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei
IAI Oe?a?ie.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iaai?ia Ea?ena
Iaian?aia, i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee ?inoeoooo iie?oe/ieo ?
aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie.Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:
aeieoi? iie?oe/ieo iaoe A?a/a?ee Ieoaeei Ieeieaeiae/, aieiaiee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee ?inoeoooo ?noi??? IAI Oe?a?ie.

eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe I?iaacooae?iia ?ai? Ieaenaiae?iae/, aeioeaio
eaoaae?e ?noi??? i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei oa ciai?oiuei? iie?oeee
?inoeoooo i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei i?e Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i.Oa?ana
Oaa/aiea. eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe I?iaacooae?iia ?ai?
Ieaenaiae?iae/, aeioeaio eaoaae?e ?noi??? i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei oa
ciai?oiuei? iie?oeee ?inoeoooo i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei i?e Ee?anueeiio
oi?aa?neoao? ?i.Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: eaoaae?a iie?oieia?? ? nioe?ieia?? Ee?anueeiai
iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeiiii?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: eaoaae?a
iie?oe/ii? ?noi??? Ee?anueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeiiii?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 24 ethoiai 1999 ?. i 15 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae01.11.03 i?e ?inoeooo? na?oiai?
aeiiii?ee ? i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252030
Ee?a-30, aoe.Eaiioiae/a, 5.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo na?oiai?
aeiiii?ee ? i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei IAI Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 22 n?/iy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe Aeoaeei ?.Ae.

?. CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

A i?ioean? aioo??oiuei? o?ainoi?iaoe?? iiaeo iacaeaaeieo aea?aeaa
aeyaeeany oaiiiaiaeueia oaca ?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa, ca yei? noaiaea?oi?
iie?oe/i? ? aeiiii?/i? ?aoeaioe ?aeiino?oeoe?? oa ?ai?aai?caoe??
noni?euenoaa a oiiaao iinoeiioi?cio ia ni?aoeueiaothoue.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeo?ea? c iayaiino? oa ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aino?eo
oai?aoe/ieo oa i?aeoe/ieo i?iaeai, ?ica`ycaiith yeeo ni?ey? aeaia
aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O?ainoi?iaoe?y ? eeth/iaei oa?i?iii a ?icoi?ii? no/aniiai noaio ?
ia?niaeoea na?oiai?, ?aa?iiaeueieo ? iaoe?iiaeueieo ni?eueiio.
?aaeeeaeueieo ? anainyaeieo ia?aoai?aiue caciathoue ye any nenoaia
i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei, oae ? ie?ai? iie?oe/i? nenoaie, ui ??
neeaaeathoue. Oe?a?inueea noni?euenoai, ?acii ?c ?ioeie
iinoeiioi?noe/ieie noni?euenoaaie Oeaio?aeueii? ? No?aeii? ?a?iie,
ia?aaoaa? a ai?oeaio?? oe??? aeiaaeueii? o?ainoi?iaoe?eii?
aeeiai?ee.Oiio i??i?eoaoieie aeey oe?a?inueei? iie?oe/ii? iaoee ? iiooe
oeyo?a ?icoi?iiy ?noi?e/ieo i?e/ei oa nioe?aeueieo iaoai?ci?a
ia?aoai?aiiy iaoe?iiaeueiiai noni?euenoaa a eiioaeno? ?aa?iiaeueii? oa
na?oiai? o?ainoi?iaoe??. Oaeei /eiii, c`yaey?oueny
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ia iiaeeea?noue ii?aeiaoe ii??aiyeueia
aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?ao?aeieo ia??iae?a a ??cieo iaoe?iiaeueieo
noni?euenoaao iaoiaeaie eiiia?aoeaii? iie?oieia?? ?c aea/aiiyi
o?ainoi?iaoe?? na?oiai? ? ?aa?iiaeueieo iie?oe/ieo nenoai iaoiaeaie
oai??? i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei.

?noi?e/i? ?ao?iniaeoeae ? ia?niaeoeae, ui a?aee?eaathoueny ia?aae
oe?a?inueeeie aeine?aeieeaie, ciooothoue ia i?inoi aea/aoe aeina?ae
iie?oe/iiai ?icaeoeo ??cieo e?a?i, aea, ianaiia?aae ?iaeoe oea c
o?aooaaiiyi niaoeeo?ee nenoaiii? o?ainoi?iaoe??, yeo iei? ia?aaeeaa?
Oe?a?ia. Aea/aiiy iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e aeooae?co?oueny eiee
caaino?ththoueny i?iaeaie oai?aiiy a?iiaaeyinueeiai noni?euenoaa.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o ni?ia?
iaoiaeieia?/ii-ieth?ae?noe/iiai, aiae?oe/ii-aaaaoioaeoi?iiai aiae?co
o?ainoi?iaoe?e iie?oe/ieo eoeueoo?, eiee ae??ciaiiy, iaoiaeaie
eiiia?aoea?noeee, ie?aieo iaoai?ci?a iaoe?iiaeueieo ia?aoai?aiue,
aiaeii/an, aeiiiaith?oueny ? aaiaeeoueny a oe?oee eiioaeno ?aa?iiaeueii?
? na?oiai? o?ainoi?iaoe??. Aioo??oiy eia?ea ?icaeoeo iie?oe/ii?
eoeueoo?e ?icaeyaea?oueny ye iio?aeia, neeaaeiaa ? oaeoi? ?icaeoeo
aea?aeaae, ?aa?iio, na?oo. Aeena?oaio aia?oa o a?o/eciyi?e iie?oieia??
a?oioo? aeine?aeaeaiiy aca?iicaeaaeiino? iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e ?
aeaiie?ao?? ia aii??e/iiio iaoa??aeia? aeayeeo e?a?i Eaoeinueei?
Aia?eee, aea ia?ao?aeiee i?ioean a?ae eiiaiaeieo aei ?eieiaeo ?aoi?i,
a?ae oioae?oa?ecio aei aeaiie?ao?? ia? aaaaoi ni?eueiiai c iei?oiueith
Oe?a?iith. Iia? aeaea?aea ? iaoa??aee aeicaieythoue aeena?oaioo a?eueo
?aoaeueii ? eiiieaenii anoaiiaeoe i?e/eie ae??oaeueiiai aieeao
iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e ia aeiiii?/iee ? iie?oe/iee ?icaeoie.
Aeine?aeaeaiiy iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e a aeeiai?/iiio ?icaeoeia?
iie?oe/iiai i?ioeano ia?ao?aeiiai oeio aea? oyaeaiiy i?i ?inoeoooe ?
a?oie ianaeaiiy, ui aeyaeythoue oaiaeaioe?th aei i?ioenoiyiiy nenoai? ?
iiaeooue caa?iaeoaaoe iinooiiaino? ?icaeoeo, aai, iaaiaee, aeyaeoe
naaiaioe noni?euenoaa, ni?iiiaei? aei eiinainono uiaei iniiaieo
ooiaeaiaioaeueieo oe?iiinoae, oiea?aioiino? ? ceaaiaee a noni?euenoa?.

A ?iaio? ni?anoaaeaii /eiieee aieeao ia iie?oe/io eoeueoo? ye
a?eueoino? ianaeaiiy, oae ? ia iie?oe/io eoeueoo?o ae?o. Aeine?aeaeaii
aeoiee nueiaiaei?oi?o i?iaeai c o?aooaaiiyi i?iaeai iaoe?ioai?aiiy, yea
a oiiaao Oe?a?ie cae?enith?oueny ia niaoeeo?/ieo canaaeao “aea?aeaaa
oai?eoue iaoe?th”. I?e aea/aii? ca?oa?aeiiai aeina?aeo acyoi aei oaaae
iniaeeaino? oe?a?inueei? iaioaeueiino?, a?aeiia?aeieo i?iya?a iie?oe/ii?
eoeueoo?e a ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae ? iniaeeainoae ?inoeoooe?iiaeueiiai
oaeoi?o iie?oe/iiai i?ioeano ia i?eeeaae? Oe?a?ie.

A?aeoae, ia`?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a ye na?oiaa ?
iaoe?iiaeueia yaeua. I?aaeiaoii aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
o?ainoi?iaoe?y iie?oe/ieo eoeueoo? ia?ao?aeieo noni?euenoa a eiioaeno?
iaoe?iiaeueieo, ?aa?iiaeueieo, na?oiaeo ia?aoai?aiue.

Aieiaiith iaoith ?iaioe ? aeinyaiaiiy iaoiaee/ii caaeainiaaiiai,
oai?aoe/ii ?icaeiaiiai oa aii??e/ii iaa?oioiaaiiai ?icoi?iiy
o?ainoi?iaoe?? iie?oe/ieo eoeueoo? a ia?ao?aeieo noni?euenoaao, ye
neeaaeiiai aaaaoioaeoi?iiai i?ioeano ni?e/eiaiiai ? ni?yiiaaiiai
noeoiiith ae??th iaoe?iiaeueieo oa i?aeia?iaeieo ( ?aa?iiaeueiiai,
na?oiaiai) oaeoi??a, ia ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-ineoieia?/iiio,
eieaeoeaii-nioe?aeueiiio ? ii?iaoeaii- ?inoeoooe?eiiio ??aiyo. Eaeaoueny
oaeiae i?i c`ynoaaiiy niaoeeo?/ieo i?iya?a oeeo aeaiaio?a a ie?aieo
e?a?iao ca a?aooaaiiy ianooaaiino? o?ainoi?iaoe?? nenoaie i?aeia?iaeieo
a?aeiinei.

Aeinyaiaiiy oeueiai aeiaaa? iinoaiiaee ? ae??oaiiy oaeeo caaaeaiue:

· aeyaeaiiy caaaeueiiai e iniaeeaiai a iie?oe/ieo eoeueoo?ao
iaoe?iiaeueieo aea?aeaa, nooiaiy aeaoa?i?iiaaiino? iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e
c i?aeia?iaeiei na?aaeiaeuai;

· aecia/aiiy ??ai?a aieeao iaoe?iiaeueiiai oa i?aeia?iaeiiai iie?oe/iiai
i?ioeano ia o?ainoi?iaoe?th iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e;

· ?ic?iaea eiiieaenii? iaoiaeieia?? aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaeieo i?ioean?a
nioe?aeueii? o?ainoi?iaoe?? ia a?oio? ii?aeiaiiy
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ieo aniaeo?a ii??aiyeueii? iie?oieia??,
iie?oieia?? ? oai??? i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei;

· anoaiiaeaiiy oa?aeoa?o aca?iicaeaaeiino? i?ae iaoe?iiaeueieie
iie?oe/ieie ia?aoai?aiiyie ? i?aeia?iaeiei na?aaeiaeuai a eiai
aeiaaeueiiio oa ?aa?iiaeueiiio aei??ao;

· noai?aiiy oai?aoe/ieo ia?aaeoiia oa oi?ioaaiiy aii??e/ii? aace
ni?eeiyooy i?ioean?a nioe?aeueii? o?ainoi?iaoe?? ia o?eueee ye yaeu
iaoe?iiaeueii?, aea e na?oiai? iie?oeee aai i?ioean?a aeiaaeueii?
iie?oe/ii? nenoaie;

· aiae?c aca?iicaeaaeiino? i?ae neooaoe??th a iaoe?iiaeuei?e aeiiii?oe?
? aeaiie?aoecaoe??th noni?eueieo a?aeiinei ia i?eeeaae? e?a?i
Eaoeinueei? Aia?eee;

· aeine?aeaeaiiy oa?aeoa?o aca?iicaeaaeiino? i?ae oeiii iie?oe/iiai
?aaeeio ? oeiii iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e a ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae ( ia
i?eeeaae? *ee? ii/aoeo 70-o ??.);

· c`ynoaaiiy niaoeeo?ee iie?oeei-eoeueoo?iiai a?aeoai?aiiy a Oe?a?i? c
oi/ee ci?o i?iaeaie ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e ? aeaiie?ao??
oa oai?aiiy iie?oe/ii? iaoe?? ? noni?eueii? noaa?eueiino?;

· aecia/aiiy ia?niaeoea ?icaeoeo aiiiaaiii?, ooieoe?iiaeueii? iie?oe/ii?
eoeueoo?e ca oiia canioaaiiy a?iiaaeyinueeiai noni?euenoaa

Neeaaei?noue iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e ye aaaaoi??aiaaiai yaeua ? aeania
iaoa ?iaioe niiioeaee aeena?oaioa aeio?eioaaoenue a?aeiia?aeieo
iaoiaeieia?/ieo i?eioeei?a. Ia?o ca ana eaeaoueny i?i i?eioeei ??
aiae?co ye i?aai?/ii?, oe?e?nii? nenoaie — iniiae anaa?/iiai ?icaeoeo
noni?euenoaa, a oiio /ene? e iacaeaaeii a?ae nenoaiieo oa?aeoa?enoee.
Iioei?caoe?y iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e ia?aaeaa/a? o?aooaaiiy ye ??
caaaeueieo aeaiaio?a, oae ? niaoeeo?/ieo, oa?aeoa?ieo aeey oiai /e
?ioiai ??aiy a?aeoai?aiiy a iaaeao iaaiiai iie?oe/iiai i?ioeano. Naia c
oeeo iaoiaeieia?/ieo iiceoe?e ie ni?iao?ii ?icaeyaeaoe iie?oe/io
eoeueoo?o ia?ao?aeiiai oa?aeoa?o.

Ia iniia? ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co ? neioaco iie?oe/ii? ?aaeueiino?
??cieo e?a?i ie iaiaaaeenue aeaoe iaoeiaa iaa?oiooaaiiy aeuaicia/aii?
i?iaeaie.

O?iiieia?/i? ?aiee: Iaoa??ae, ui aeine?aeaeo?oueny ioiieth? a Oe?a?i?
ia??iae c iiiaioo iaa?aiiy Oe?a?iith iacaeaaeiino? ? ii 1998 ??e
aeeth/ii. Oea ia??iae, a iaaeao yeiai iiaeia aaea aeinoaoiuei /?oei
i?inoaaeeoe aeeiai?eo iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e .

E??i oiai, a o?iiieia?th aeine?aeaeaiiy aaaaeaiee ia??iae 60-o ??. a
A?acee??, 70-o ??. a *ee?, ii?acea naiaeei?nonueeiai ?aaeeio a
I?ea?aaoa. Aaaaeaiiy oeeo ia??iae?a, oa?aeoa?ieo o?ainoi?iaoe?eieie
ci?iaie a noni?euenoa?, ei?enia aeey a?eueo aeeaieiai ?icoi?iiy
aioo??oi?o o?ainoi?iaoe?eieo ci?i no/anieo ia?ao?aeieo noni?euenoa

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny oae? iniiai? ?aea?, iieiaeaiiy ? aeniiaee:

· iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a ye nenoaia ? iaeii/anii naiia?aeoai?thaaeueiee ?
?ioaa?aeueiee i?ioean ae?iaeaiiy neeaaeiaeo ?? aeaiaio?a ia?aaeaa/a?
aaciina?aaei?e aeya a iaaeao iaoe?iiaeueiiai iie?oe/iiai i?ioeano, yeee
iaoiiaeaiee i?aeia?iaeiei iie?oe/iei i?ioeanii;

· iioaioe?ei? iiaeeeaino? ? iaoai?cie a?aeoai?aiiy iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e
?ice?eaathoueny oa?aeoa?ii aca?iicaeaaeiino? i?ae iaoe?iiaeueieie
iie?oe/ieie ia?aoai?aiiyie ? i?aeia?iaeiei na?aaeiaeuai;

· iie?oe/i? iiae?? a ie?aieo e?a?iao Eaoeinueei?o Aia?eee i?iaiae?ciaai?
a eiioaeno? i?iaeaie “ iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a – aeiiii?/i? ?aoi?ie”
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny aio/eith aca?iicaeaaei?noth i?aeia?iaeiiai
iie?oeei-aeiiii?/iiai, iaoe?iiaeueiiai na?aaeiaeua, a oaeiae
iniaeeainoyie iaaii? iaoe?iiaeueii? iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e;

· neeaaei? i?ioeane ?icaeoeo iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e a eiioaeno?
iaoe?iiaeueieo, ?aa?iiaeueieo o?ainoi?iaoe?e ? aieeaiaei oaeoi?ii ?
neeaaeiaith ?icaeoeo aea?aeaae, ?aa?iio oiui;

· niaoeeo?ea iie?oeei-eoeueoo?iiai a?aeoai?aiiy a Oe?a?i? iaoiiaeaia
iaaecia/ai?noth iie?oe/ieo, nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo ?
nioe?aeueii-eoeueoo?ieo /eiiee?a ? oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ae??th iaoai?cio
aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? a iie?oe/i?e eoeueoo?? ianaeaiiy.

Aaaeeeaith neeaaeiaith aeaea?aeueii? aace aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy noaee aei?iaee a?aeiieo oai?aoee?a ? iie?oieia?a
i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei: ?aae?no?a – A.Ii?aaioao, E.Aieooea ? A.Ea??a;
iiaea?i?no?a aai i?eoeeueiee?a iia?oi?o iaoeiaeo iaoiae?a – E.Aeie/a,
I.Eaieaia, Aeae.?icaiao:; oai?aoee?a “aca?iicaeaaeiino?” – Eaioaeia ?
Iay. Caa?iaiiy aei ?aeae oa eiioeaioe?e oeeo a?aeiieo aaoi??a aeicaieeei
aecia/eoe i?aeia?iaeiee eiioaeno aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie, ciaeoe
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae aioo??oiuei- ? ciai?oiueiiie?oe/ieie aniaeoaie
o?ainoi?iaoe?eieo i?ioean?a, c?iaeoe ni?iao oai?aoe/iiai ?
iaoiaeieia?/iiai ia`?aeiaiiy i?aeoiae?a oai??? oa iie?oieia??
i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei c i?aeoiaeaie ii??aiyeueii? iie?oieia??.

A?aeiia?aeii aei oa?aeoa?o ?iaioe aoei caa?iaiiy aei eeane/ieo i?aoeue,
cie?aia, O.Ia?niina (1); I.Ni?ie?ia (2), a yeeo aena?oeaii oa?aeoa?
aaeaioaoe?? nioe?aeueiiai na?aaeiaeua c aioo??oi?i eoeueoo?iei oa?ii
noni?euenoaa. Aeaea?aeueia aaca aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oaeiae
aeeth/a?:

1. Parsons T. Toward a General Theory of Action. – N.Y.: Harper and
Row,1951

2. Sorokin P. Social and Cultural Dynamics. Vol.1.- N.Y.: American Book
Company, 1937; Ni?ieei I. *aeiaae. Oeeaeeecaoeey. Iauanoai. –I.,1992;
Ni?ieei I. Nenoaia nioeeieiaee. – Nueouaea?, 1993; Ni?ieei I.
Oaeinoaaiiay yia?aey ethaae // Nioeeieiae/aneea enneaaeiaaiey. – 1991. —
?9. – N.144 – 159.

· noaoenoe/i? iaoa??aee ??ciiiai?oiiai iioiaeaeaiiy, cie?aia, III,
I?i?noa?noaa noaoenoeee Oe?a?ie;

· nioe?ieia?/i? iieooaaiiy i?aeaioiaeai? iacaeaaeieie ooiaeaoe?yie oa
?ioi?iaoe?eieie aaainoaaie, cie?aia, Iaoe?iiaeuei? iieooaaiiy
oe?a?inueeeo aeai?oe?a (1994): ia caiiaeaiiy I?aeia?iaeii? Ooiaeaoe??
Aeai?/eo Nenoai (EFES); “Oe?a?ia.Ethaenueeee ?icaeoie”, ca?o
i?aeaioiaeaiee aeey I?III (1996) ? o. ?i.;

· ianiaoe?ae?ciaai? ia??iaee/i? aeaeaiiy, na?aae yeeo aeo?iaee “Foreign
Affairs”, “ International Affairs” (London), “Time”, aacaoe “The New
York Times”, “Financial Times”, “The International Herald Tribune” oa
?i.

Noai iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie. I?iaeaie nioe?aeueii? o?ainoi?iaoe?? oa
iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e caeeoathoueny iaei ?ic?iaeaieie a oai??? ?
iie?oieia?? i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei. Oaeee noai iiynith?oueny,
ia?aaeon?i, nooo?aith a?aeaeaeai?noth oeueiai ia`?eoo aeine?aeaeaiiy
a?ae o?aaeeoe?eiiai i?aaeiaoo iaoee i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei. Iniaeeai
oea noino?oueny o?aaeeoe?eieo oai?aoe/ieo oi?iaoe?e. I?ioa, inoaii?i
/anii, iiaeaii eiinoaooaaoe noai?aiiy iaaieo oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ieo
ia?aaeoiia aeey aea/aiiy i?iaeai nioe?aeueieo o?ainoi?iaoe?e ?
iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e a oai?aoe/ieo ?aieao oa iaoiaeaie oai??? ?
iie?oieia?? i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei. Iaeia?niaeoeai?oeie, a oeueiio
nain?, ? oai??? na?oiaiai aai i?aeia?iaeiiai noni?euenoaa. Naia aa/aiiy
an??? noeoiiino? i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei ye ie?aiiai, nai???aeiiai
nioe?oio (i?aeia?iaeiiai noni?euenoaa) ni?eyoeia ia?aoai?aiith
o?ainoi?iaoe?eieo i?ioean?a oa iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e ia ia`?eo
aeine?aeaeaiiy oai??? ? iie?oieia?? i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei.

A oai?aoe/iiio inieneaii? oaiiiaio iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e ye yaeua
i?aeia?iaeieo ? iaoe?iiaeueieo nenoai ca?oa?aei? iie?oieiae i?eae?eyee
aeinoaoiuei oaaae. Oeueiio a iaaie i??? ni?eyee i?aoe? i?aaenoaaiee?a
eoeueoo?ii? aio?iiieia??, i?ei??ii, E.A??ooey, E.Oaeoa, Aeae.Notha?aea
(1). Aiie ni?eyee a?aeiaaeoaaiith iiiyooy “eoeueoo?a” a?ae nooi
iie?oe/iiai eiioaenoo. Iiia?aaeieeaie eiioeaioe?? iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e
iiaeia aaaaeaoe a?aeiieo nioe?ieia?a, eoeueoo?ieia?a, iie?oieia?a,
oaeeo, ye ?.Ia?e??ae?n, A.Iieiai, Ae.Ia?a?e, E.Eeaeoii, A.E?aaa?,
A.Iaeeiianueeee oa ?i.

Aea/aiiy ??ciiiai?oieo aeanoeainoae iie?oe/iiai i?ioeano

_________________________________

1. White L. The Science of Culture. – N.Y.: Grow,1949; White L. The
Evolution of Culture. – N.Y.: MacGrow Hill,1959; Steward J.H. Theory of
Culture Change. – Urbana: University of Illinois Press,

iia`ycaii c eeane/ieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo. Na?aae ieo
?.A?ii, I.Aaaa?, ?.Aea?aiaei?o, A.Aeth?eaaei, E.Iaioaei, O.Ia?niin oa
?i.

O eiioaeno? iiai? nioe?ieia?? eoeueoo?e i?aaenoaaeythoue ?ioa?an
aeine?aeaeaiiy no/anieo a/aieo O.Aaeea oa eiai eieaa c Eo?c?ainueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo (1). Aaoi?e iaiaaathoueny i?iaiicoaaoe ia?niaeoeae
aeaiie?aoecaoe?? noni?euenoaa ca oiia ooieoe?iiaeueii? iie?oe/ii?
eoeueoo?e.

C iiaeyaeo ia oe?e? aeine?aeaeaiiy aaaeeeaeie ? oae caai?
nioe?ieia?ciaai? aeao?i?oe??, aea a?aeiia?aeia iaoeiaa i?iaeaia
?ica`yco?oueny caaaeyee aeei?enoaiith ??cieo i?aeaeenoeeie?ia?ieo
iaoiaeee, cie?aia, aoiai?oa?ieo iaoe. Iieaciaeie a oeueiio ieai? ?
i?aoe? I.Aa?oiia, Aeae.O?aa? oa ?.Aaioa?a (2). Aiie ?icaeyaeathoue
iie?oe/io eoeueoo?o e??cue i?ecio ?? aieeao ia iie?oe/i? ae?oe.

I?i cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiue iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e ye oaei?, ui ii?aeio?
a nia? nioe?aeuei? oa ineoieia?/i? oaiiiaie, aiai?youe aeniiaee
i?aaenoaaiee?a ineoieia?? iie?oeee. Cie?aia, i?aaenoaaey? ?ioa?an i?aoey
a?aeiiiai aia?eeainueeiai iie?oieiaa-aiae?oeea A.Iaeaeieea “Ineoieia?y
iie?oeee”, aea aaoi? iaaieioo?, ui “iaeaeeao? eoeueoo?i? ?ooe a ?noi???
/ano?oa coiiaeai? ia no?eueee iie?oe/ieie aai aeiiii?/ieie i?e/eiaie,
ne?eueee ineoieia?/ieie …” (3).

A iaoeiaiio inieneaii? iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e ca?oa?aei? iie?oieiae
aeio?eioaaeenue /anoi i?ioeeaaeieo iiaeyae?a. A oeueiio eiioaeno?
i?aaenoaaeythoue ?ioa?an iiaeyaee A.Aa?anaei?oa, E.Iay, Ae.Eaaaiaoa (4).

Iaea?eueo i?aaenoaaeaieie a iaoeia?e aeoioe? ? aeine?aeaeaiiy,
i?enay/ai? a?aeoai?aiith iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e a eiioaeno? ?? aieea?a ia
iie?oe/i? ?inoeoooe. Ooo ianaiia?aae iiaeia aeae?eeoe eeane/i? i?aoe?
A.Aeiiiaea, N.Aa?ae, Ae.Iaoaeea, E.Iay, E.Ae?oia?a (5).

1. Research of Democracy and Society. Vol.12. Political Culture and
Political Structure: Theoretical and Empirical Studies. – Louisiana,
1994.

2. Burton M., Gunter R., Higley J. Elite Transformations and Democratic
Regims. – In: Elites and Democratic Consolidation in Latin America and
Southern Europe. – Cambridge University Press, 1992. – P.23 – 25, 33 –
44.

3. Iaeaeiee A. Ineoieiaey iieeoeee: Iieeoe/aneea e nioeeaeueiua eaeae
Ea?ea Aonoaaa THiaa / Ia?. n aiae. A.ssaeiaa. – N.-Iaoa?ao?a: THaaioa,
1996. – N.134.

4. Aeea.i?ei??ii: Kawanagh D. Political Sciences and Political Behavior.
– L., 1983.

5. Almond, Gabriel. Comparative Political System//The Journal of
Politics. – 1956. – Vol.18. –N.3. – P.391 – 409; Almond, Gabriel, Verba,
Sidney. The Civil Culture: Political Attitudes and Democracy in Five
Nations. – Princenton University Press, 1963; The Politics of the
Developing Areas/Ed. by Gabriel A. Almond, James S.Coleman. –
Princenton, N.Y.: Princenton University Press, 1960; Dittmer L.
Political Culture and Political Symbolism: Toward a Theoretical
Synthesis // World Politics. – 1977. – Vol.29. – N.4.; Pye L. Political
Culture//International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. – L.,1968. –
Vol.12. – P.218.

Ie?aii iiaeia aeae?eeoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aca?iica`yceo oa aca?iiaieea?a
iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e e aeaiie?aoecaoe?? noni?eueieo a?aeiinei o e?a?iao
Eaoeinueei? Aia?eee. Ooiaeaiaioaeueia eieaeoeaia aiae?oe/ia aeiiia?aeue,
i?aeaioiaeaia ia eiooe Aoaa??anueeiai ?inoeoooo ? Oiiaeo E.IaeEa?oo?
(1), ui ?icaeyaea? aca?iicaeaaei?noue aeaiie?aoe/ieo ia?aoai?aiue ia
aoai? iiaeieaiiy aeiiii?/ii? e?ece a Eaoeinuee?e Aia?eoe? i?aaenoaaey?
?ioa?an c iaeyaeo ia aena?oeaiiy ieoaiiy “iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a –
aeiiii?/i? ?aoi?ie”. ?ioee aaciaee aei?? o??? i?iaeaie iiaeathoue
N?aioiae I., Aioo E., Eaiaei Ae. (2) oa ?i. Aiie neooii i?aee?aneththoue
aieeaia?noue ?ae?a?eiiai o?aaeeoe?iiae?cio a na?aeiiino?, ?
a?aeiia?aeii, a iie?oe/i?e eoeueoo?? ianaeaiiy e?a?i Eaoeinueei?
Aia?eee.

Ie?aiei ia`?eoii oaaae aeena?oaioa noaee i?aoe? ca?oa?aeieo
iaoeiaoe?a, a yeeo aiae?co?oueny aieea aeiiii?/iiai oaeoi?o ia
noni?euei?, eoeueoo?i? o?ainoi?iaoe?? a e?a?iao Eaoeinueei? Aia?eee
(3).

Oai?aoe/i? i?iaeaie aiae?co iie?oe/iiai i?ioeano inoaii?i /anii
?icaeyioo? o i?aoeyo oaeeo oe?a?inueeeo a/aieo, ye A.Aaaee, E.I.Iaai?ia,
A. AEo?aanueeee, A.E?ai?iue, O.Ee?eethe, O.?oaee/, TH.?eia?aiei,
I.Naie?a oa ?i.

Eiino?oeoeaieie a eiioaeno? iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?aoe? ?in?enueeeo
iie?oieia?a A.Ao??ca?a, E. Aaaeae??aa, I.Naei?ia, A.Nieiaeiaa, A.
?yaiaa, I.Oooiaa oa ?i.

Ie?aii iiaeia aeae?eeoe i?aoe? oe?a?inueeeo a/aieo, a yeeo
a?aeia?aaeaii ?aaeueio ea?oeio ci?i noni?eueiiai aeeooy. Aiie
i?eae?eythoue oaaao nooiino? aea?aeaae ia?ao?aeiiai oeio, aca?iiae??
ia`?eoeaieo ? noa`?eoeaieo /eiiee?a oeueiai i?ioeano. I?ei??ii, oea
ieoaiiy aena?oeththoue o nai?o oai?ao TH.I.Iaoiiia, I.Oiiaiei,
A.Iieioaei, ?.Aieiaaoa, A.AEo?aanueeee, I.Eeoaeiaiei, I.I?uaiei,
TH.Oaiiaae, A.sseooee oa ?i.

Caaaeii, iioei?caoe?y iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e ia?aaeaa/a? o?aooaaiiy ye
caaaeueieo oa?aeoa?enoee noni?euenoaa, oae ? niaoeeo?/ieo, iia`ycaieo c
??aiyie a?aeoai?aiiy a iaaeao iaaiiai iie?oe/iiai i?ioeano.
Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaii? i?iaeaiaoeee c?inoa?. Caa??aa?
cia/ei?noue iaoa iiaeieaoe noa?aioeie uiaei
____________________________________________________

1. .Political Culture and Democracy in Developing Countries / Ed. By
Larry Diamond. – Buolder and London,1993. – PP.xii + 453.

2. Sigmund, Paul E. Christian Democracy, Liberation Theology, and
Political Culture in Latin America. – Boulder and London, 1992; Boff,
Leonardo. Church, Charism and Power. – N.Y., 1985; Guttieres, Gustavo.
Notes for a Theology of Liberation // Theological Studies 31. – 1971. –
june – P.243 – 261; Lenine, Daniel H. Religion and Politics in Latin
America: The Catholic Church in Venezuela and Colombia. – Princenton
University Press, 1981.

3. .Bauer P.T. Eguality, the Third World and Economic Delusion. –
L,:Wiendenfeld and Nicolson, 1981; Valdes, Juan G. Pinochet`s
economists. – Oxford University Press, 1995.

?icoi?iiy ?noi?e/ieo i?e/ei oa nioe?aeueieo iaoai?ci?a ia?aoai?aiiy
iaoe?iiaeueiiai noni?euenoaa a eiioaeno? ?aa?iiaeueii? oa na?oiai?
o?ainoi?iaoe??..

Ca`ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

Oaia aeeiioaaeanue o eiioaeno? ?iai/eo ieai?a a?aeae?eo ?a?iiaenueeeo oa
aia?eeainueeeo aeine?aeaeaiue ?NAIA IAI Oe?a?ie, cie?aia, aea/aiiy
caaaeueieo iie?oe/ieo aniaeo?a eaoeiiaia?eeainueeeo ?aoi?i.

Oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/ei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/ei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy iia`ycaia c eiai ?acoeueoaoaie,
ye? ? iane?aeeii canoinoaaiiy aaoi?ii oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/iiai
i?eioeeio eiiieaeniino?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/ei?noue iieyaa? a oiio, ui ?acoeueoaoe eiai iiaeooue aooe
aeei?enoai? aeey aaeineiiaeaiiy oai?aoe/iiai ?ino?oiaioa??th,
iaiao?aeiiai aeey c`ynoaaiiy neeaaeieo ci?i, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny o
iie?oe/iiio aeeoo? Oe?a?ie. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe
aeei?enoai? i?e iaa?oiooaaii? aenia?oieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e aea?aeaaiiio
ea??aieoeoao Oe?a?ie uiaei iioei?caoe?? i?ioeano iiaea?i?caoe?? Oe?a?ie.
Aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?? iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a ?iaio? aoiai?oa?ieo
i?i?noa?noa ? a?aeiinoa iaoi? aea?aeaae

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??: Iaoiiaeaia iaoith oa caaaeaiiyie
aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?? ianya 179 noi??iie. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a ? nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ? e?oa?aoo?e
(12 noi??iie, 183 a?ae?ia?ao?/i? iacae).

??. INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie, aecia/a?oueny iaoa
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?ice?eaathoueny caaaeaiiy, i?aaeiao oa ia`?eo
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, ?ice?eaa?oueny ?? iaoeiaa iiaecia, aiae?co?oueny
aeei?enoaia e?oa?aoo?a.

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a: eiioeaiooaeuei? aa/aiiy,
nioe?aeueiee iaoai?ci, o?ainoi?iaoe?eia aeeiai?ea” i?iaiae?ciaaii
?nioth/? eiioeaioe?? iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e c iaoith iaaiiai
ocaaaeueiaiiy. A iaaeao aeaiiai ?icae?eo ?icaeyioo? oeiia? i?aeoiaee
ca?oa?aeieo iie?oieia?a uiaei aecia/aiiy iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e. Na?aae
ieo ineoieia?/iee i?aeo?ae (oeiea Aaa??aea Aeiiiaea): iie?oe/ia
eoeueoo?a ?icaeyaea?oueny ye iaa?? ineoieia?/ieo i???ioaoe?e ia
nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/i? ia`?eoe ? i?ioeane; eiiieaeniee i?aeo?ae,
i?aaenoaaeaiee i?aoeyie Ae.Ia?a?ea, ?.Oaea?a, E.Ae?oia?a. Aeey oeeo
aaoi??a oa?aeoa?ia ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e c iie?oe/iith
nenoaiith. I?ei??ii, E.Ae?oia? aiae?co? noai iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e
ia?aaaaeii ia iniia? noaaeaiiy aei neiaie?a, i?e/iio a i?yi?e
caeaaeiino? a?ae iie?oe/ieo ?inoeooo?a noni?euenoaa. Ia`?eoea?nonueeee,
ii?iaoeaiee i?aeo?ae aecia/a? iie?oe/io eoeueoo?o ye noeoii?noue
i?eeiyoeo iie?oe/iith nenoaiith ii?i ? c?ace?a iie?oe/ii? iiaaae?iee
(E.Iae, Ae.Iii). Nioe?i-ineoieia?/iee i?aeo?ae oa?aeoa?eco? iie?oe/io
eoeueoo?o ye iiaaae?ieiao iao?eoeth, a iaaeao yei? ooieoe?iio? iie?oe/ia
nenoaia (?.Ea??, Ae.Aa?aeia?).

Na?aae oe?a?inueeeo oa ca?oa?aeieo iie?oieia?a iaia? ?aeeiiai i?aeoiaeo
aei o?aeooaaiiy “iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e”. Caeiiii??ieie ? i?aenoaae
aaaaeaoe ni?aiaae?iiy o iiceoe?? a/aieo ?in?? oa Oe?a?ie. Iiaeia c
iaaiith i??ith oiiaiino? aeae?eeoe ?o iniiai? i?aeoiaee. Aeey iaeiiai c
ieo oa?aeoa?ii oyaeaiiy i?i iie?oe/io eoeueoo?o ye noeoii?noue ciaiue,
oe?iiinoae, i?eioeei?a oa niinia?a iie?oe/ii? ae?yeueiino?, iie?oe/iiai
aeina?aeo oa o?aaeeoe?e, ? iie?oe/ieo ?inoeooo?a. Aaaeeeai, ui ??
oa?aeoa?enoeee ia aeeeeeathoue ioioiaeiaiiy c an??th iie?oe/iith
nenoaiith. I?ei??ii, oea i?aoe? oaeeo aeine?aeiee?a, ye E.Iaai?ia,
A.Iieioaei, A.Iiooeueieoeueeee, I.Naie?a, I.Oa?ania, A.Oeeiaae?noee oa
?i. (1). Na?aae ?in?enueeeo a/aieo oea ?iaioe ?.Aaoaeiaa,
O.Ao?eaoeueeiai, I.Aaee?ia, E.Aaaeae??aa, I.Nieiaeiaa, I.?yaiaa,
A.*enoyeiaa (2). Oaeee i?aeo?ae a?aoiao? iniaeeao ?ieue ?noi?e/iiai
i?ciaiiy, oi?ioaaiiy nioe?aeueii? na?aeiiino?, nioe?aeueii? iai`yo?
noni?euenoaa aeey ooaa?aeaeaiiy c?ace?a nioe?aeueii? iiaaae?iee. A?aoo?,
a?i aeicaiey? aecia/eoe i?e/eie oeo /e ?ioeo iniaeeainoae aioo??oiueiai
noaiiaeua aea?aeaa oa ?o iiaaae?iee a na?o?.

Ae?oaee c i?aeoiae?a aei iiiyooy iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e a?ae??ciy?oueny ??
?icaeyaeii o eiioaeno? ocaaaeueithth/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee ?iaeea?aea,
nooiaiy eiai iie?oe/ii? ?icaeiaiino?, ai?iiy aeei?enoiaoaaoe iie?oe/i?
ciaiiy ia i?aeoeoe?. Ia?o ca ana ooo aeae?eythoueny i?aoe? a?aeiiiai
oe?a?inueeiai a/aiiai A. Eeieinueeiai (3). Oea oaeiae aeine?aeaeaiiy
A.Aaaeea, I.A??theiaa, ?.Aieiaaoe, A.E?niaiai, TH.Iaoiiiaa, I.Iai?ii?,
A.Na?a??aa oa ?i.

1. Iaai?ia E.I. Iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo: ?noi?e/ia
?ao?iniaeoeaa ? no/ani? ?aae??. — E.:Noeein,1998.- 278n.; Iieioaei A. Io
Oe?aeiu eiiioienoe/anei-oioaeeoa?iie e Oe?aeia iaioioaeeoa?iie? //
Iieeoe/aneay iuneue.- 1994. — N.2.- N.20; Iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a ?
iie?oe/ia nioe?ie?caoe?y (?aaeaeoi?nueea) // Iie?oe/ia aeoiea. — 1993. —
N. 1. — N.27-29; Iiooeueieoeueeee A.A.Oai??y oe?a?inueei? iie?oieia??.-
E.:Eea?aeue, 1993. -192n.; Iie?oieia?y/ Ca ?aae. I.?.Naie?aa.- Euea?a,
1994. – 589 n.; Oeeiaae?noee A. Iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a oe?a?ioe?a //
No/ani?noue. — 1994. — N.3.- N.99-105; N.4.- N.77-90.

2. Ao?eaoeeee O.I., Aaeeei A.A. Nia?aiaiue Eaaeaoai: I/a?ee iieeoe/aneie
nioeeieiaee eaieoaeecia.- I.,1985; Aaaeaeeaa E.N. Iieeoe/aneay iaoea:
O/aa. Iiniaea.- I., 1995; Aaaeaeeaa E.N. Iieeoe/aneay eoeueoo?a:
eiioeaiooaeueiue aniaeo // Iieen. — 1991. — N.6.- N.68-93; Aaaeaeeaa
E.N. Iieeoe/aneia niciaiea eee iieeoe/aneay eoeueoo?a ? // Eaioaa?. —
1991. — ieoya?ue — aeaeaa?ue; Nieiaueaa A.E. Iieeoe/aneay eoeueoo?a:
i?iaeaiiia iiea iaoaoai?ee // Aanoiee IAO.Na?12. Iieeoe/aneea iaoee.-
1995.- N.2.- C.31 – 41; N.3. -C.3 -14; ?yaia A.E., *inoyeia A.A.
Iieeoe/aneay eoeueoo?a // Nioeeaeueii-iieeoe/aneea enneaaeiaaiey. –1994.
-?1. – N.49-59;

. 3. Eeieinueeee A. Eenoe aei a?ao?a-oe?ai?ia?a i?i ?aeath ?
i?aai?aoe?th oe?a?inueeiai iiia?o?cio. – E.- O?eaaeaeueo?y, 1995.

Ie aaaaea?ii aeioe?eueiei ?icaeyaeaoe a nai?e ?iaio? iiiyooy “iie?oe/ia
eoeueoo?a”, aeio?eioth/enue iiceoe?? ia?oi? c icia/aieo oe?e, ine?eueee
oea aea? iiaeeea?noue aea/aoe neeaaeia? iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e a eiioaeno?
?noi?e/iiai ? nioe?aeueiiai aeina?aeo iaaiiai ia?iaeo, ii??aithth/e oa
ni?anoaaeyth/e eiai c iaaooeaie ?ioeo iaoe?e. Naia /a?ac oe? aeaiaioe
iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe iaoai?ci a?aeoai?aiiy iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e a
ia?ao?aeiiio noni?euenoa? ia oii? o?ainoi?iaoe?? nenoaie i?aeia?iaeieo
a?aeiinei.

E??i oiai, a oiae? caaaeueiiai aiae?co ie ae?eoee aeniiaeo, ui
a?eueo?noue ?nioth/eo eiioeaioe?e ia? ni?eueio iaoo: ?ioaa?oaaiiy
nioe?ieia??, eoeueoo?ieia??, nioe?aeueii? ineoieia?? a ?aeeio
iie?oieia?/io aeenoeeie?io. I?aaenoaaieee ??cieo oa/?e ? oe?e
iaiaaaeenue ia`?aeiaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy oi?iaeueieo oa iaoi?iaeueieo
eiiiiiaio?a iie?oe/ieo nenoai c aiae?cii iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e a ie?aieo
?aa?iiao e?a?ie. Ca oiia iinoeiioi?noe/iiai oa?aeoa?o nenoaie
i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei a?aeaoeiny iaaia a?ae?iaeaeaiiy ni?ia iiiaeaiiy
?nioth/eo eiioeaioe?e iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e. Iaeiii?oi?oeie o oeueiio
ieai? ? ni?iae iaoeiaoe?a ??cieo oe?e ?icaeyaeaoe aieea iie?oe/ii?
eoeueoo?e ia oaiie ? oa?aeoa? ia?ao?aeieo i?ioean?a.

A ?icae?e? iiaea?oueny no?oeoo?iee aiae?c iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e. Ne?ae
a?aei?oeoe, ui a?i aaaaoi a /iio ? oiiaiei. I/aaeaeii, ui iie?oe/i?
no?oeoo?e iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ? ye i?iaeoeo a?aeia?aaeaiiy iie?oe/ii?
eoeueoo?e, ? ye nai???aei? “aeai?”, ui oi?iothoue iie?oe/io eoeueoo?o ye
oaeo. Aei oiai ae, ia iiaeia neacaoe, ui aeaiaioe ooieoe?iioaaiiy
iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e /?oei ?icae?eai? ca /anii. Ao?i, ia??aeei, ?o
aca?iiae?y a?aeaoaa?oueny iaeii/anii.

Oaeei /eiii, ie aaaaea?ii, ui no?oeoo?i? aeaiaioe, c iaeiiai aieo,
aeeth/athoue noi?iiaaio i?ioyaii iaaiiai ?noi?e/iiai ia??iaeo iie?oe/io
na?aeii?noue, yea, a naith /a?ao, i?aaenoaaey? noeoii?noue iie?oe/ieo
ciaiue, ia?aeiiaiue, aeoiie, ui oi?iothoueny, ? c ae?oaiai aieo,
“iinoa/athoue” oyaeaiiy, ii?ie, ?ioa?ane, o?aaeeoe?? a iie?oe/iee
aeina?ae. Neeaaeia? iie?oe/ii? na?aeiiino? iaae?eythoue ci?noii
iie?oe/io iiaaae?ieo, ui ao?eth?oueny a iie?oe/i?e ae?yeueiino? a iaai?e
iie?oe/i?e nenoai?.

?nioaaiiy oeiieia?/ieo noai iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e a?oioo?oueny ia ??cieo
i?aeoiaeao aei ia?. Aeey eiaeii? noni?eueii-iie?oe/ii? nenoaie ?nio?
iniaeeaee oei iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e, yeee a eiaei?e eiie?aoi?e e?a?i?
aeyaey?oueny a iaoe?iiaeueii-niaoeeo?/ieo oi?iao. Eiaeia c iie?oe/ieo
eoeueoo? iiaea aooe ?icaeyiooa ca oeie e?eoa??yie, ye? aaaaeathoueny
iaea?eueo aeooaeueieie aeey aeaii? eiie?aoii? iie?oe/ii? nenoaie, aai a
a?eueo aocueeiio ?icoi?ii?, aeey eiie?aoii? iie?oe/ii? neooaoe?? aai
ia??iaeo.

A eiioaeno? iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iie?oe/iee i?ioean, iieacaiee ye
oaeee, ui aecia? ca iie?oe/iith ae??th ii/aoie, ?icaeoie, caaa?oaiiy ?
noa? i?aethae??th iiaeo iie?oe/ieo ia?aoai?aiue. Aeaiei iiiyooyi
ioiieaii ooieoe?iioaaiiy ? aca?iiaieea ciai?oi?o ? aioo??oi?o ?oo?eieo
nee, eio?? ni?e/eiythoue oa?aeoa? iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e.

Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai, aecia/aii iaoai?ci a?aeoai?aiiy iie?oe/ii?
eoeueoo?e noiniaii ci?i a iie?oe/iiio i?ioean?. Iiiyooy “aioo??oi?e
iaoai?ci a?aeoai?aiiy iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e” aeicaiey? aecia/eoe ??ci?
oi?ie ia?aoiaeo a?ae iaei??? noaae?? ?icaeoeo aei ?ioi? a oiiaao
i?io?eaiiy iie?oe/iiai i?ioeano. Oiaoi ? iaaia iiaeeea?noue c`ynoaaoe:
oea ?oo aia?aae, ae?enia iiaea?i?caoe?y /e ?i?oaoe?y iinooiiaino?,
i?ioean iiaa?iaiiy aei ieioeiai.

Ioaea, ii-ia?oa, oea aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y, oiaoi aeae?eaiiy iiaeo,
niaoeeo?/ieo, c oi/ee ci?o no?oeoo?e ? ooieoe?e, oe?iiinoae, ii?i,
?aeaae?a, iie?oe/ieo ciaiue oiui ia oii? noia?a/eeaiai caia?a/aiiy
?nioth/eo ? iaa`ycoaaieo cciai? ??cieie naaiaioaie noni?euenoaa;
ii-ae?oaa, c?inoaiiy aaeaioeaiino? — oea ca?eueoaiiy aoaeoeaiino? iaaieo
neeaaeiaeo iie?oe/ii? na?aeiiino? ii??aiyii c iiia?aaei?i iiiaioii. A?i
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny oaeiae iniaeeainoyie aca?iia?aeiinei noa`?eo?a
iie?oe/ii? ae?yeueiino?; ii-o?ao?, iaoai?ci aeeth/aiiy caaacia/o?
?ioaa?aoe?th a noni?euenoai iiaeo ?aeae, oe?iiinoae, ooieoe?iiaeueii?
iie?oe/ii? iiaaae?iee a iiaeo oiiaao; ii-/aoaa?o?, oe?ii?nia
noaa?e?caoe?y — oea iaoai?ci oi?ioaaiiy caaaeueieo ?aeaeieo ?
ii?iaoeaieo noaiaea?o?a oeyoii aeeth/aiiy ?o o iie?oe/io na?aeii?noue
i?aaenoaaiee?a iai?aii? iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e oiui.

Oaeei /eiii, caeaaeii a?ae iaoai?ci?a ae?? eiaeiee aeaiaio iie?oe/ii?
eoeueoo?e i?aeaea?oueny aioo??oi?e noaaiaoe?? aai aaiethoe??, eiee
ci?ith?oueny eiai ieoiia aaaa ? ooieoe?iiaeueia ?ieue.

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “?aa?iiaeueiee aniaeo o?ainoi?iaoe?? aaoi?eoa?ecio.
“Eaac??a?iiaenueea” iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a ? iie?oe/i? i?ioeane a
Eaoeinuee?e Aia?eoe?” aeine?aeaeothoueny i?ioeane noaiiaeaiiy oa
?icaeoeo iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e c iaeyaeo ia aeiiii?/i? ia?aoai?aiiy oa
o?ainoi?iaoe?th noni?eueieo a?aeiinei a e?a?iao eaoeiiaia?eeainueeiai
eiioeiaioo.

O oeueiio ca`yceo i?eaiaeeoueny i?eeeaae A?acee??. Cie?aia,
cina?aaeaeo?oueny oaaaa ia ianoaaeiao, a yeeo i?ieoia a?enueeiaee ioo/
1964 ?. Ia`?eoeai? ianoaaeie, iia`ycai? c iaa?aooaaiiyi niaoeeo?ee
iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e, oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iiieeeiaith noaaeith
iiia?aaei?o o?yae?a e?a?ie ia i??i?eoao ?iaeono??ae?caoe??, ni?yiiaaiee
ianaiia?aae ia ?iii?oicai?uoth/? ae?iaieoeoaa, ? c ?aeaieia?/ieie
i?e/eiaie, aaciaaieie ia “aeu?e aeioe?eueiino?” iinoaiiaee
iaoe??-aea?aeaae iaae ?ioa?anaie ethaeeie e a?iiaaeyieia.

?aeaieia?/ii aeey Oe?a?ie iaaiee ?ioa?an i?aaenoaaey? niaith aaiethoe?y
iie?oe/ieo i?ioean?a o I?ea?aaoa i?ney ii?acee naiaeei?nonueeiai
?aaeeio. C oi/ee ci?o iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e, oea ia? cia/aiiy ua e oiio,
ui nueiaiaei? a iao?e aea?aeaa? ? oe?e e?a?i? Eaoeinueei? Aia?eee ia?
i?noea i?aeoe/ii ?aeaioe/ia ia?aaaaa e?aeo ia?o?e, ?oo?a oa ?aeae ca
??aiai iiioey?iino? a ianao. E??i oiai, a iaio aeiaaeeao
niinoa??aa?oueny aenieee nooi?iue ?aeaieia?ciaaiino? ianaeaiiy ?
i?ae?aa?iiaeueieo ?icoiaeaeaiue.

A ?icae?e? i?eae?ey?oueny oaaaa aena?oeaiith aeano?oeoeaii? noni?eueii?
iie?oeee I?ii/aoa, ui iaoiiaeea aaoi?eoa?ii-iao??a?oaeueiee oei
eoeueoo?e *ee?. I?e oeueiio caa?iaia oaaaa ia ?yae ?noi?e/ieo,
nioe?aeueieo iniaeeainoae iiia?aaeiueiai noaiiaeaiiy oa ?icaeoeo
iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e.

Ia?oa na?aae ieo — ia 1973 ?. e?a?ia iaea aeina?ae iacaeaaeiino?. A *ee?
ia ?nioaaei aioeiaoe?iiaeueieo ?oo?a, ii-ae?oaa, ne?ae a?aoiaoaaoe, ui
ia oie /an a oe?eiio a I?aaeaii?e Aia?eoe? io?oe?eiee Aaoeiaoii i?aaioa
aoaeue-ui no?eiaoe iioe?aiiy eiioi?cio. E??i oiai, i?eoiaeia? aei aeaaee
o?yaeo Ia?iaeii? ?aeiino? ia /ie? c Aeue?iaea ia?aaeoaaa iaeaea
naiee?oi?e ia??iae i?aae?iiy o?enoeyinueeiai aeaiie?aoa A.O?ay,
aeiiii?/ia ia?aaeeaia iiaeyae?a yeiai oa eiai ?iaeea?aeoaeueia iie?oe/ia
eoeueoo?a iaei /ei a?ae??ciyeanue a?ae aaniethoeciaaii a?eueii? ?eieiai?
iiceoe?? ?aaeiee?a I?ii/aoa.

Caa?oa?oueny oaaaa ia oie oaeoi?, ui i?aoi?a a?aenioee /ee?enueeeo
a?enueeiaee?a, ui iaeaaeaee aei aa?o?aee aeaaee ia?aaoaaee i?ae
aaciina?aaei?i iie?oeei-?aeaieia?/iei aieeaii NOA. I?aee?aneth?oueny
aeii?ioth/a ?ieue eaoieeoeecio ye iniiaii? eiioan??, ui iineoaeeea
aeiaeaoeiaei /eiieeii ni?eyiiy a?enueeia?e aa?o?aoe? e?a?ie a ??
iaiaaaiiyo a?aeeeiooe nioe?ae?ci. C iaeyaeo ia i?iaeaio “iie?oe/ia
eoeueoo?a — aeiiii?/i? ?aoi?ie” i?aee?aneth?oueny aieiaia na?aae
aaaaoueio noi?ia?aeieo ianoaaei caeieioo I?ii/aoa — iino?eia iia??oaiiy
aeiiii?/ii? neooaoe?? a ia??iae i?aae?iiy Ia?iaeii? ?aeiino?. A aeaiiio
aeiaaeeo ni?aoethaaa nai???aeiee iaoai?ci iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e,
ca`ycaiee ?c caeaaei?noth iiceoe?? ian a?ae nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai
noaiiaeua.

Oaeei /eiii, iaaecia/ai?noue nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo i???ioe??a
iie?oe/ii? ae?oe iaoiiaeea noia?a/eea?noue nioe?aeueii-eoeueoo?iiai
oaeoi?o a e?a?i?. A?aeoai?aiiy na?aeiiino?, iie?oe/ii? iiaaae?iee
a?eueoino? ianaeaiiy, coiiaeaia ?inoeoooe?iiaeueiei oaeoi?ii iie?oe/ii?
nenoaie ? caaaeueiei aeiiii?/iei noaiii e?a?ie, noaaaei ia caaaae?
aeaiie?aoe/ieo o?ainoi?iaoe?e. Ca oiia iani?iiiaeiino? ianiai?
na?aeiiino? ae?iaeoe iiceoeai? oa?aeoa?enoeee iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e
ca?eueooaaeenue a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ? ?ieue iie?oe/ii? ae?oe a oeueiio
i?ioean?, ?, a?aeiia?aeii, ciaiooaaany cai?ioi?e ca`ycie “iie?oe/i?
ae?oe – iane”. A?aeaoaaeanue ?aaeueia caa?ica ?aae?caoe??
ooieoe?iiaeueiiai iioaioe?aeo iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e ia?iaeo.

*ee?enueeee aeina?ae 1970 — 73 ??., ui caaa?oeany a?aeiinii eaaeei
acyooyi aeaaee a?enueeiaeie ia /ie? c aaia?aeii A.I?ii/aoii, o
ii?aeiaii? c aiae?cii aiaeia?/ieo /e aeecueeeo neooaoe?e a ?yae? ?ioeo
eaoeiiaia?eeainueeeo e?a?i, yeei aaeaeiny caa?aaoe eo?n ia ?eieia?
ia?aoai?aiiy, aea? i?aenoaae aeey aeniiae?a. Aiie iia`ycai? c
iie?oe/iith eoeueoo?ith noni?euenoaa, ae?o, ? a?aeiinyoueny aei
aecia/aiiy iaia`yceiaeo ?en iiaaae?iee oa iie?oe/ieo ae?e ae?oe,
i?aaey/i? a aoaeue-ye?e e?a?i? ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo ? ae?th/i? ia
iiaeieaiiy e?eciaeo yaeu o noni?euenoa?.

I?e oeueiio ?icaeyaeathoueny oae? aa??aioe:

· ca iie?oeeo e?a?ie a aaeoc? anueiai eiiieaeno iaoe?iiaeueii? aaciaee
aacoiiaii a?aeiia?aeathoue ?? oeea?euei? ea??aieee, naia aiie
aecia/athoue no?oeoo?o caa?ic aeey iaoe?iiaeueii? aaciaee oa
?iciiae?eythoue ?ano?ne i?ae neeiaeie ? oeea?eueieie a?aeiinoaaie;

· oeea?eueia aeaaea ia? anoaiiaethaaoe ii?ie ? noai?thaaoe
?inoeoooe?iiaeuei? iaoai?cie aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? nenoaie a?aeiinei i?ae
oeea?eueieie ? a?enueeiaeie;

· aoaeue-yea aaoiiii?y “ethaeae o iiaiiao” (yeui aiie ia ? i?e aeaae?)
a?ae oeea?eueieo i?aai?a aea?aeaa ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo, oe?eeii
?aaeueii ni?iiiaeia aeeeoeny o a?enueeiaee ioo/; aei oiai ae, iayai?noue
noaeoeueoo? o o?ainoi?iaoe?ei? ia??iaee iaaacia/ia aeenooieoe?iiaeueiith
o?aaiaioa?i?noth iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e.

Ioaea, eaoeiiaia?eeainueeee aeina?ae o nai?e iiceoeai?e ? iaaaoeai?e
/anoeiao ia?aeiio? a oiio, ui no/ania aeaiie?ao?y, iaaeoi eiee
ca?iaeaeo?oueny aai anoaiiaeth?oueny i?ney o?eaaeiai ia??iaeo
oioae?oa?ecio, ia? aooe i?aaenoaaieoeueeith.

I/aaeaeiei ? e?eoe/iee aieea iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e ia aeiiii?/iee
?icaeoie ? aeaiie?ao?th. Aca?iicaeaaei?noue neeaaeiaeo iie?oe/ii?
eoeueoo?e eieeaa?oueny a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?oo?a iaoe?iiaeueiiai,
i?aeia?iaeiiai iie?oeei-aeiiii?/iiai na?aaeiaeua, c iaeiiai aieo, ? c
?ioiai — a?ae aeeaeiieo iniaeeainoae eiaeii? iaaii? iie?oe/ii?
eoeueoo?e. A?aeiia?aeii aei oeueiai ?noioii ci?ith?oueny aieeaia?noue
oaeoi?o iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e a eiaeiee eiie?aoiee ?noi?e/iee ia??iae.

C iaeyaeo ia aaaeeea?noue iiae?e, ui a?aeaoaathoueny ia oa?ai?
i?aeia?iaeiiai na?aaeiaeua, cie?aia, a iinoeiioi?noe/ieo e?a?iao,
niaoeeo?ea i?io?eaiiy iie?oe/iiai i?ioeano ? iniaeeaino? a?aeoai?aiiy
iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e noaee i?aaeiaoii o?aoueiai ?icae?eo “Iaoe?iiaeuei?
iniaeeaino? ? ?aa?iiaeueiee eiioaeno iinooioae?oa?ieo o?ainoi?iaoe?e.
Oe?a?inueeee iinoeiioi?ci a Oeaio?aeueii-No?aei?e ?a?ii?”.Ia?ao?aeiee
ia??iae, a yeiio iei? ia?aaoaa? Oe?a?ia iicia/a?oueny iaaieie
iniaeeainoyie. Iinoeiioi?noe/i? e?a?ie Oeaio?aeueii-No?aeii? ?a?iie,
i?ei??ii oae?, ye Iieueua, *ao?y, Neiaa//eia, Oai?ueia anooieee a
ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae naiai ?nioaaiiy, aaea iath/e iie?oe/i? ?inoeoooe ?
no?oeoo?e, aei oi?ioaaiiy yeeo ie i?ae?eoee. Iie?oe/iee i?ioean
?icai?oa?oueny c ei?aeyoe??th caaaeueii-eoeueoo?ieo noia?a/iinoae.
Aoaeue-yeee e?ie oia?aae cae?enith?oueny c ice?aiiyi ia ieioea, /a?ac
iiaeieaiiy ?ethc?e e ona?aeiieaiiy ?aaeueiino? ye /eiieea iaiao?aeieo
ia?aoai?aiue. Na?eiciei aaeuei?aiei /eiieeii aenooia? ianoi?iiaai?noue
iie?oe/ii? iaoe?? o ?? no/aniiio aeaiie?aoe/iiio ?icoi?ii?.

Ne?ae aeciaoe, ui e ?io? aeaiaioe no?oeoo?e iaoiai noni?euenoaa
ciaoiaeyoueny a noia?a/eeaiio, a oaeiae a ia?icaeiaiiio noai?. Anooi a
ae?th iaoai?cio aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? ? oa?aeoa?iith iciaeith a?aeoai?aiiy
?nioth/i? iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e.

C iaeyaeo ia aeuaaeacaia a ?icae?e? ?icaeyaeathoueny i?iaeaie
iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e /a?ac ni?anoaaeaiiy iaioaeueiino? oe?a?inueeiai
ia?iaeo, eiai aoiiineoieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae c ??aiai ?icaeoeo
iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e, a oaeiae c ??aiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy iie?oe/iiai
i?ioeano ia?ao?aeiiai oeio.

C iaeyaeo ia aena?oethaai? i?iaeaie, iei?oi?e /an, a?aecia/a?oueny a
aeena?oaoe??, oa?aeoa?iee oei, ui:

· iie?oe/iiio i?ioeano, ui a?aeaoaa?oueny ca?ac a Oe?a?i? aeanoeaa
oi?ioaaiiy iiai? iie?oe/ii? nenoaie, oa?aeoa?ia iani?iiiaei?noth ia
?inoeoooe?iiaeueiiio ??ai? ??cieo e?e aeaaee aeeth/eoeny a iaoai?ci
aca?iiae??, ui iiynith?oueny, cie?aia, a?aenooi?noth iiceoeaiiai
iie?oe/iiai aeina?aeo ia ??ai? iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e;

· ia? i?noea iaei a?aeiia a na?oia?e ?noi??? ? ia aeineoue aeine?aeaeaia
i?aeia?iaeiith iie?oe/iith aeoiea neooaoe?y, eiee iacaeaaeia aea?aeaaa,
aoaeo/e noa`?eoii i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei, a?ae/oaa? aeiaeaoeiaee oene
ia naaa oaeoi?ii a?aenooiino? noi?iiaaii? iie?oe/ii? iaoe?? ia canaaeao
aeeth/aiiy a ia? an?o aoi?/ieo a?oi;

· e?eciaee noai, a yeiio ia?aaoaa? Oe?a?ia cia/iith i??ith iiynith?oueny
ianoa/ath aaoi?eoaoieo iie?oe/ieo e?aea??a, ui iaaiith i??ith i?iaieo?
aeano?oeoeai? i?ioeane a e?a?i?; ia ??ai? iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e oea
iaoiiaeaia, cie?aia, aaoi?eoa?iith o?aaeeoe??th (o?eueee onoiaiiy
iiiiaioa);

· o?eaaea aeenooieoe?iiaeuei?noue iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e iiynith?oueny
oei, ui o?ainoi?iaoe?ei? i?ioeane a Oe?a?i? ii/aee cae?enithaaoeny ia
oe?ieei eieii ianaeaiiy, a iaaaeeeeie ae?oaie ia?o ca ana c
aeaaeai?/ii?, aeeeaaeaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe??; ia ??ai? iie?oe/ii?
eoeueoo?e oea iicia/eeinue i?oieia?ciaaiei ia?acii noni?euenoaa na?aae
a?eueoino? ianaeaiiy;

· ?acii c oei, aeiaaee ia??iae /ano ia?o?? ciaoiaeeeenue a iieiaeaii?
iie?oe/ieo oa?oiiaaiue, oiaoi aoee iani?iiiaei? aei aeeth/aiiy a
aeaiie?aoe/io i???ioaoe?th noni?euenoaa, aei ae?iaeaiiy iiceoeaieo
oe?iiinoae;

· ii/aoie ainiiaea?nueeeo o?ainoi?iaoe?e ? iiaeaeueoa aeiiii?/ia e?eca
i?ecaaee aei aeeaieeo nioe?aeueieo, iie?oe/ieo ci?i a noni?euenoa?,
a?aeiia?aeii, a iie?oe/i?e na?aeiiino? ia?iaeo, ui ia ??ai? iie?oe/ii?
eoeueoo?e iaoiiaeei nii/aoeo neeueia, iio?i iecueea aiioe?eia ni?eeiyooy
aeaiie?aoe/ieo ?aoi?i:

· noia?a/eeaa nioe?aeueia no?oeoo?aoe?y oa no?aoeo?eaoe?y noni?euenoaa
i?iaieo? iaaacia/io o?aaiaioa?i?noue iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e, ine?eueee
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iecueeei ??aiai nioe?aeueii?, i?aeiniaeno?nii?
aeia??e, ui cao?oaeith? caiaeo ?ioa?an?a, ? a?aeiia?aeii, iie?oe/ieo
ae?e;

· a?ae ? iia?eueia c?inoaiiy ?aaeueiiai ieth?ae?cio i?ii?aeieo no?oeoo?
? cae?aieo ae?yoe a?iiaaeyi oo?oaeiththoue ?icaeoie aeaiie?aoe/ii?
iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e.

Ioaea, ia iei?oi?e /an i/aaeaeiei ? oa, ui Oe?a?ia iiee ui ia ia?
?aeeieo oe?ii?nieo i???ioe??a, aeinyaiaiiy nioe?aeueiiai eiinainono ?
aiiiaaiii? iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e caeeoa?oueny a?aee?eoei ieoaiiyi.
Oa?aeoa?iei ? oa, ui ia oii? a?aeiia?aeieo i?ioean?a:

· ianiaa na?aeii?noue i?aaia aei aaceiioe?eoiino?, yea ye o?aaeeoe?y
iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e ia? iiceoeaiee aieea c oi/ee ci?o a?aeoai?aiiy
nioe?aeueiiai eiinainono ca oiia ?icaeoeo aeaiie?aoe/ieo ?inoeoooe?e;

· ?noi?e/ii aeanoea? oe?a?inueeiio ia?iaeia? i?aoeueiaeo?noue, ai?iiy
ainiiaea?thaaoe ni?eyoeia ia ??ai? iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e cai?i?
?aeaaeueieo ?ioa?an?a (yeeie iicia/eeenue ia?o? ?iee o?ainoi?iaoe?eieo
i?ioean?a) iaoa??aeueieie ca oiia eiino?oeoeaieo ae?e ae?oe ? ?icaeoeo
a?aeiia?aeieo ainiiaea?nueeeo ?aoi?i;

· /ooo?aa ni?eeiyooy na?oo ia a?aei?io a?ae ?aoe?iiaeueiiai ia? e
iiceoea? ?ene, ine?eueee, cie?aia, ni?ey? aeoeaiiio aieeao neiaie?ee ia
ianiao na?aeii?noue, ui a naith /a?ao ae?iaey? ??ai? aeia??e aei
a?iiaaeyi ye nai?o ni?aa?o/eciee?a;

· iie?oe/ia na?aeiiinoue, iie?oe/ia iiaaae?iea, ui i?eaaaeai? a ae?th
iaoai?ciii aeeoa?aioe?aoe??, iinooiiai oi?iothoue, iaa?oue ca
a?aenooiino? i/aaeaeieo oaeo?a, onoaiiaee, iie?oe/i? ciaiiy
i?aaenoaaiee?a ianooiiiai oa?o iai?aii? (aaciai?) iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e;

· oa?aeoa?iei i?iyaii noa? a?aeiiaa a?ae o?aaeeoe?eieo iai?yie?a
a?aeoai?aiiy iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e, iiceoeaiith noa? onoaiiaea ia
canai?iiy ?a?iiaenueeiai niiniao aeeooy, c?inoa? a?ae/oooy aeeth/aiino?
Oe?a?ie o na?oiaee iie?oe/iee i?ioean na?aae ae?iaie/i aeoeaii? /anoeie
ianaeaiiy

Ioaea, ia iniia? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeai o?ainoi?iaoe?? iie?oe/ii?
eoeueoo?e a noaiiaeaii? aeaiie?aoe/iiai noni?euenoaa, aoee c?iaeai?
ianooii? aeniiaee:

· ?icaeyaeath/e iie?oe/io eoeueoo?o ye aeooaeueiee /eiiee iie?oe/iiai
aeeooy, ie aaaaea?ii ?? aeoeaiei oaeoi?ii iie?oeee ? neeaaeiaei
eoeueoo?e ye oaei?;

· ?icaeyae iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e iaoe?iiaeueieo ni?eueiio iaiiaeeeaee aac
a?aooaaiiy i?aeia?iaeiiai eiioaenoo. ?icaeoie ? o?ainoi?iaoe?y
iaoe?iiaeueieo iie?oe/ieo eoeueoo? a?aeaoaa?oueny ca oiia ?icaeoeo
o?ainoi?iaoe?? na?oiaiai (i?aeia?iaeiiai) noni?euenoaa ? oi?ioaaiiy
na?oiai? iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e ye aeeiai?/ii? neeaaeiai? oeueiai
noni?euenoaa;

· aiae?c iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e iaoe?iiaeueieo ni?eueiio aeiaaa?
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/iiai neioaco ii??aiyeueii? iie?oieia?? ? oai??? oa
iie?oieia?? i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei. Oaeiai ?iaeo eiia?iiaaiee i?aeo?ae
? ia?oith oiiaith aaeaeaaoiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e;

· oai??y oa ?aeaieia?y na?oiaiai (i?aeia?iaeiiai) noni?euenoaa ?
aaaeeeaith oiiaith (ia?aaeoiiaith) aeine?aeaeaiiy iie?oe/ieo eoeueoo?,
aaeaea oea aeicaiey? ?ioa?iaoe?iiae?coaaoe aiae?c ie?aieo iaoe?iiaeueieo
eoeueoo?, aaiaey/e ?o a oe?oee i?aeia?iaeiee eiioaeno;

· iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a — oea nenoaia ? iaeii/anii i?ioean ae?iaeaiiy
neeaaeiaeo ?? aeaiaio?a. Ca?aeii c ?icoi?iiyi ?ooo an??? iie?oe/ii?
eoeueoo?e, ?icaeoie ?? iiaeia oyaeoe o aeaio oi?iao: iie?oe/iiai ia`?eoo
? iie?oe/iiai noa`?eoo;

· eiaeia c iie?oe/ieo eoeueoo? iiaea aooe ?icaeyiooa ca oeie e?eoa??yie,
ye? ? iaea?eueo aei?a/ieie aeey eiie?aoii? iie?oe/ii? nenoaie oiui;

· ci?ie a iie?oe/iiio i?ioean? ia?ao?aeiiai oeio ?ice?eaathoue
iioaioe?ei? iiaeeeaino? ? iaoai?cie a?aeoai?aiiy iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e;

· aiae?c iie?oe/ieo iiae?e 60 — 80-o ??. a e?a?iao Eaoeinueei? Aia?eee a
eiioaeno? i?iaeaie “iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a — aeiiii?/i? ?aoi?ie” i?ea?a aei
?icoi?iiy aio/ei? aca?iicaeaaeiino? i?ae iie?oeei-aeiiii?/ieie ?
nioe?aeueii-eoeueoo?ieie oaeoi?aie ?icaeoeo iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e;

· aeina?ae A?acee??, *ee?, cie?aia, na?ae/eoue, iane ia?aaeian?i
ea?othoueny aaaeaiiyi iaoe ia /ie? aea?aeaae iie?oee?a a?aeaeaieo
caaaeueiiiaoe?iiaeueiei ?ioa?anai, ?aeayi noni?eueii?, ae?iaie/i?
aeenoeeie?ie, iiaeieaiiyi ei?oioe?? oiui;

· iaaeaiie?aoe/i?noue aeaaee oa ?aii?oaaiiy aaciaeo aeaiaio?a iie?oe/ii?
eoeueoo?e iiaea i?eaanoe aei iiceoeaieo ci?i ia iae?inioe?aeueiiio
??ai?, aea i?aeoe/ii caaaeaee aea? iaaaoeai? iane?aeee aeey a?eueoino?
ianaeaiiy;

· ?icaeoie iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e eieeaa?oueny a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?oo?a
iaoe?iiaeueiiai, i?aeia?iaeiiai iie?oeei-aeiiii?/iiai na?aaeiaeua, oae ?
a?ae iniaeeainoae iaaii? aiae?ciaaii? iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e;

· c iaeyaeo ia neooaoe?th a Oe?a?i? i/aaeaeiei ? oa, ui aiia iaoiiaeaia
iaaecia/ai?noth iie?oe/ieo, nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo ?
nioe?aeueii-eoeueoo?ieo /eiiee?a ? oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ae??th iaoai?cio
aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? a iie?oe/i?e eoeueoo?? ianaeaiiy;

· noaa?e?caoe?y iie?oe/ieo i?ioean?a aaaaoi a /iio caeaaeeoue a?ae ae?e
aea?aeaae, ui ?aaoethaaea a ? onoaaea iaaaoeai? aieeae a iie?oe/iiio
aeeoo?;

· iaiao?aeii aeeth/eoe iaoai?cie ?aaoeyoe?? a?iiaaeyinueeeo a?aeiinei —
aa?iii?caoe?th noni?eueieo ?ioa?an?a, i?enei?aiiy aeiiii?/ieo oa
iie?oe/ieo iiceoeaieo ci?i ia aac? oi?ioaaiiy ? caaeiaieaiiy ?ioa?an?a
naaiaio?a noni?euenoaa, ui noathoue iniiaith iai?aiiai (aaciaiai) oa?o
iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e.

·

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeei?enoai? o oi?i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e aeey ICN Oe?a?ie, i?aeaioiaeaieo
a?aeae?eii ?a?iiaenueeeo oa aia?eeainueeeo aeine?aeaeaiue ?NAIA IAI
Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae o ioae?eaoe?yo aeena?oaioa. Aeena?oaoe?y iaaiai?aia o
a?aeae?e? ?a?iiaenueeeo oa aia?eeainueeeo aeine?aeaeaiue ?inoeoooo

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aena?oeai? o oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Eeeiaiei I. Aeaye? aniaeoe o?aaiaioa?iino? iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e//
Ca??iee i?aoeue a/aieo / IAI Oe?a?ie. ?inoeooo na?oiai? aeiiii?ee ?
i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei : Aei.6. – E.,1997. – N.49 – 51.

2. Eeeiaiei I. Iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a ? noni?eueia o?ainoi?iaoe?y: ni?iaa
a?aeoai?aiiy aca?iica`yceo // Aeine?aeaeaiiy na?oiai? iie?oeee / IAI
Oe?a?ie. ?inoeooo na?oiai? aeiiii?ee ? i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei:Ca??iee
i?aoeue a/aieo. Aei. 2. – E.,1998. – N.43 – 48.

3. Eeeiaiei I. “Iie?oe/iee i?ioean” a no/ani?e iie?oe/i?e aeoioe? //
Aeine?aeaeaiiy na?oiai? iie?oeee / IAI Oe?a?ie. ?inoeooo na?oiai?
aeiiii?ee ? i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei: Ca??iee i?aoeue a/aieo. Aei.2. –
E.,1998. – N.61 – 65.

4. Eeeiaiei I. Iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a ? noni?euei? ci?ie ia
eaoeiiaia?eeainueeiio eiioeiaio? // Aeine?aeaeaiiy na?oiai? iie?oeee/
IAI Oe?a?ie. ?inoeooo na?oiai? aeiiii?ee ? i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei. Aei.
4. – E.,1999. – N.3 – 10.

Aiioaoe??

Eeeiaiei I.A. O?ainoi?iaoe?y iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e ia?ao?aeieo
noni?euenoa. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iie?oe/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 23.00.04 – Iie?oe/i? i?iaeaie i?aeia?iaeieo nenoai
oa aeiaaeueiiai ?icaeoeo. – ?inoeooo na?oiai? aeiiii?ee ? i?aeia?iaeieo
a?aeiinei IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

A aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeo?oueny a?aeoai?aiiy iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e a
eiioaeno? ?? aieea?a ia aeaiie?aoecaoe?th noni?eueieo a?aeiinei. Ia
iniia? aiae?co ? neioaco iie?oe/ii? ?aaeueiino? e?a?i
eaoeiiaia?eeainueeiai eiioeiaioo iieacai? oaeoi?e aieeao iie?oe/ii?
eoeueoo?e a A?acee??, I?ea?aaoa, *ee?.

I?iaiae?ciaaia niaoeeo?ea aaeaioeaiino? ? aca?iicaeaaeiino? iie?oe/ii?
eoeueoo?e ia oe? iie?oe/iiai i?ioeano ia?ao?aeiiai oeio no/anii?
Oe?a?ie.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a, iie?oe/iee i?ioean, aioo??oi?e
iaoai?ci a?aeoai?aiiy iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e, aca?iicaeaaei?noue,
ia?ao?aeia noni?euenoai, aeaiie?aoe/i? ia?aoai?aiiy, o?ainoi?iaoe?y

Eeeiaiei A.A. O?ainoi?iaoeey iieeoe/aneie eoeueoo?u a ia?aoiaeiuo
iauanoaao. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iieeoe/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 23.00.04 – Iieeoe/aneea i?iaeaiu iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo
nenoai e aeiaaeueiiai ?acaeoey. – Einoeooo ie?iaie yeiiiieee e
iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo ioiioaiee IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee enneaaeoaony aini?iecaiaenoai iieeoe/aneie eoeueoo?u a
eiioaenoa aa aeeyiey ia aeaiie?aoecaoeeth iauanoaaiiuo ioiioaiee. Ia
iniiaa aiaeeca e neioaca iieeoe/aneie ?aaeueiinoe no?ai
eaoeiiaia?eeaineiai eiioeiaioa iieacaiu oaeoi?u aeeyiey iieeoe/aneie
eoeueoo?u a A?aceeee, Ieea?aaoa, *eee.

I?iaiaeece?iaaia niaoeeoeea aaeaioeaiinoe e acaeiicaaeneiinoe
iieeoe/aneie eoeueoo?u ia iniiaa iieeoe/aneiai i?ioeanna ia?aoiaeiiai
oeia nia?aiaiiie Oe?aeiu.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iieeoe/aneay eoeueoo?a, iieeoe/aneee i?ioeann,
aioo?aiiee iaoaieci aini?iecaiaenoaa iieeoe/aneie eoeueoo?u,
acaeiicaaeneiinoue, ia?aoiaeiia iauanoai, aeaiie?aoe/aneea
i?aia?aciaaiey, o?ainoi?iaoeey

Klimenko O.A. Transformation of Political Culture in Transitional
Societies. – Manuscript.

The dissertation is for Ph.D Degree in Political science under the
specialization code 23.00.04. – political problems of international
systems and global development. – The Institute of World Economy and
International Relations of the National Academy of Science of Ukraine,
Kyiv, 1999.

In the thesis the reproduction of political culture within the context
of its influence on the democratization of public relations, is
studied. Basing an the analysis and synthesis of political reality of
Latin American states, the factors of influence of political culture in
Brazil, Nicaragua and Chili, are shown.

Specific character of adaptivity and interdependence of political
culture on the basis of political process of transitional type in
present Ukraine, was analysed.

Key words: political culture, political process, internal mechanism of
reproduction of political culture, interdependence, transitional
society, transformations.

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