4

I?I?NOA?NOAI INA?OE OE?A?IE

EE?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AIAAEUeII-AEIIII?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

ssNEINUeEA Iaoae?y Noaiai?aia

OAeE 664.843.97:635 63/64

OIAA?ICIAA*A OA?AEOA?ENOEEA IIAEO AEAe?A

OA?IAIOIAAII? A?EIAIEIAI? EAIONOE

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05 18.15 — oiaa?iciaanoai oa?/iaeo i?iaeoeo?a

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

EE?A — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioo aeeiiaii a Ee?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aiaaeueii-aeiiii?/iiio
oi?aa?neoao? I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani?,

I?EIA
Ieeiea Iaaeiae/,

Ee?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aiaaeueii-aeiiii?/iee oi?aa?neoao, i?ioani?

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani?,

AEOE TH??e
Oeiio?eiae/,

Iieoaanueeee eiiia?aoeaiee

?inoeooo,
i?ioani?

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio,

NA?AeIANUeEEE Aiaoie?e Ieeieaeiae/,

Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao aeiiii?ee ? oi?a?ae? caa.eaoaae?e
oiaa?iciaanoaa oa aenia?oece i?iaeiaieue/eo oiaa??a

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Euea?anueea eiia?oe?eia
aeaaeai?y,

eaoaae?a
oiaa?iciaanoaa oa?/iaeo

i?iaeoeo?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 3 ” ethoiai 2000 ? i 14 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.055.02 Ee?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aiaaeueii-aeiiii?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: 02156,
i. Ee?a, aoe. E?ioi,19.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aiaaeueii-aeiiii?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: 02156,
i. Ee?a, aoe. E?ioi,19.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 30 ” a?oaeiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii??aaee
OEUAIEI.?.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Oa?iaioiaai? iai/? ei?enoothoueny i?aeaeuaiei
iiieoii o ianaeaiiy, iaeiae, ia nueiaiaei? anio?eiaio ?o iaiaaeaiee.
?nioth/? oaoiieia?? oa ii?iaoeaii-oaoi?/ia aeieoiaioaoe?y ii
ae?iaieoeoao oa caa??aaiith oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe aeineoue canoa??e?,
?aoeaioo?e iathoue iaiaaeaio e?euee?noue ?ia?aae??io?a, ia
a?aoiaothoueny aaaaoia?aii? niaeia? iio?aae ethaeae. A ca’yceo c oeei a
oi?aiaaeuei?e ia?aae?, onoaiiaao a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy
niinoa??aa?oueny iaiaaeaiee ani?oeiaio oe??? iiioey?ii? a ia?iae?
i?iaeoeoe??. Ca inoaii? ?iee ae?iaieoeoai eaionoe eaaoaii?
ia?ai?noeeinue a ainiiaea?noaa ye? ae?iuothoue ??, a iiooaeiino?
eieeoi?o iioiai-?icae??aieo eiia?iao?a i?inoiththoue aac aeei?enoaiiy ia
o?eueee ?c-ca a?aenooiino? eioo?a ia ?? aeaioiaeaiiy, a ?c-ca
a?aenooiino? i?aeaeuaiiai ia ia? iiieoo. Iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaee
no/anii? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? aeieoiaioaoe?? ia iia? aeaee oa?iaioiaaii?
eaionoe, yea aoea a eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiith, ei?enooaaeanue iiieoii o
ianaeaiiy oa caaeiaieueiyea a iio?aae ?eieo Oe?a?ie, ? ia?oi/a?aiaei
caaaeaiiyi.

Aei e?ioey ia ?ice?eo? on? ei?eni? aeanoeaino? oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe c
??ciiiai?oieie o?aaeeoe?eieie oa iao?aaeeoe?eieie ?ineeiieie aeiaaaeaie.
Ia aea/aii, ye o? /e ?io? iaiiaithaa/? aieeaathoue ia a?ieia?/io
oe?ii?noue oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe ? oa?i?i ?? caa??aaiiy; yea iioeiaeueia
e?euee?noue ?ia?aae??io?a (niaoe?e oa iai/aaeo iaiiaithaa/?a) iie?ioeoue
niiaeeai? aeanoeaino? eaionoe.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue.

Iaoith ?iaioe ?:

— aecia/aiiy oaoiieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae iiaeo ni?o?a a?eiaieiai?
eaionoe;

— ?ic?iaea iiaeo aeae?a oa?iaioiaaiii? a?eiaieiai? eaionoe aeniei?
a?ieia?/ii? oe?iiino?;

— ?ic?iaea oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa, caa??aaiiy oa aeine?aeaeaiiy
niiaeeaieo aeanoeainoae iiaeo aeae?a oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy aeacaii? iaoe aoei aecia/aii oae? caaea/?:

— aea/eoe niiaeeai? aeanoeaino? ne?iaeie;

— anoaiiaeoe iioeiaeuei? ?aoeaioo?e oa ii?ie aeo?ao ne?iaeie aeey iiaeo
aeae?a oa?iaioiaaii? a?eiaieiai? eaionoe;

— aea/eoe aieea ainiiaea?nueei-aioai?/ieo ni?o?a, eiioeaio?aoe??
eooiiii? nie?, oaiia?aoo?e ia ye?noue oa niiaeeai? aeanoeaino?
oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe;

— aea/eoe o?i?/iee neeaae iiaeo aeae?a i?iaeoeoe??, eiai ci?ie, a oaeiae
i?aaiieaioe/i? iieacieee i?ae /an oa?iaioaoe?? ? caa??aaiiy eaaoaii?
eaionoe;

— ?ic?iaeoe iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? i?iaiicoaaiiy ??aiy yeino? eaaoaii?
eaionoe;

— aecia/eoe eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue ? aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue
ae?iaieoeoaa ? ?aae?caoe?? iiaeo aeae?a eaaoaii? i?iaeoeoe??;

— ?ic?iaeoe IOAe ia iia? aeaee oa?iaioiaaii? i?iaeoeoe??.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aeaia oaoiieia?/ia ioe?iea
iiaeo ni?o?a a?eiaieiai? eaionoe, oiaa?iciaa/a oa?aeoa?enoeea
?ic?iaeaieo iaie iiaeo aeae?a oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe, ?ic?aoiaaia ??
aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue oa eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue.

?ic?iaeaii nenoaio aaeueii? ioe?iee i?aaiieaioe/ieo iieaciee?a yeino?
iiaeo aeae?a oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe.

Aea/aii aieea ??cieo oaeoi??a (ainiiaea?nueei-aioai?/ieo ni?o?a,
eiioeaio?aoe?? eooiiii? nie?, oaiia?aoo?e oa?iaioaoe??, ?aoeaioo?e) i?e
oa?iaioaoe?? oa caa??aaii? ia ye?noue aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? oa anoaiiaeaii
iioeiaeuei? oa?i?ie ?? oa?iaioaoe?? oa caa??aaiiy. Ciaeaeaii
ei?aeyoe?eiee ca’ycie i?ae ?ioaineai?noth oa?iaioaoeaiiai i?ioeano, ui
coiiaeaiee aeeiai?eith iaeiie/aiiy eeneio, oa ii/aoeiaei ai?noii oeoe??a
a ne?iaei?, oaiia?aoo?ith oa?iaioaoe?? ? eiioeaio?aoe??th eooiiii? nie?;
ia iniia? ?aa?an?eiiai aiae?co aecia/aii nooi?iue aieeao oeeo oaeoi??a
ia ye?noue iiai? i?iaeoeoe??.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue ia iniia?
aeei?enoaiiy oe?iei ?iciianthaeaeaieo ia Oe?a?i? iaiiaithaa/?a oa
niaoe?e ?ic?iaeaii 11 ?aoeaioo? ia iia? i?iaeoeoe, iniiaiiaiith
ne?iaeiith aeey yeeo ? eaionoa a?eiaieiaa. ?ic?iaeaia
ii?iaoeaii-oaoi?/ia aeieoiaioaoe?y oa cae?eniaii aeaioiaeaiiy
aeine?aeii-i?iieneiaeo ia?o?e iiaeo aeae?a oa?iaioiaaii? i?iaeoeoe??.

Aeine?aeaeai? iieacieee niiaeeaieo aeanoeainoae iiaeo aeae?a eaionoe,
ye? aeathoue i???ioe?e ae?iaieeai i?e ?ic?iaoe? iiaeo i?iaeoeo?a oa
aeiiiiaaathoue niiaeeaa/ai o na?aeiiiio aeai?? iiaeo aeae?a i?iaeoeo?a.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aaoi? i?eeiaea o/anoue o iinoaiiaoe? caaea/
aeena?oaoe??. ?ic?iaea noaie ? iaoiaeeee, aea?? iaoiae?a,
aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy niiaeeaieo aeanoeainoae iiaeo aeae?a
oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe, ia?iaea oa ?ioa?i?eoaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a, ?ic?iaea
oaoi?/ii? aeieoiaioaoe?? aaoi?ii aeeiiaii naiino?eii. Aaoi? i?eeiaea
aeoeaio o/anoue o aeaioiaeaii? aeine?aeii-i?iieneiaeo ia?o?e iiaeo
aeae?a eaaoaii? eaionoe.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee ?iaioe aoee
i?aaenoaaeai? ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai
neeaaeo Ee?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aiaaeueii-aeiiii?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
(i. Ee?a 1996-1999 ?iee); i?aeia?iaeieo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo
“ Iaoeia? oa i?eeeaaei? i?iaeaie oiaa?iciaanoaa a ?eieiaeo oiiaao”
(EAeOAO, 1996?.); “Quality for Europen Integration“ (Iiciaiuenueeee
aeiiii?/iee oi?aa?neoao, Iieueua,1996?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe a?aeia?aaeaii o 11 ae?oeiaaieo
?iaioao, a oiio /ene? o?e oaoi?/i? oiiae — OOO 46.72. 065 — 95; OOO
46.72. 066-95; OOO 46.72.067-95 ? o?e oaoiieia?/i? ?ino?oeoe?? ii
ae?iaieoeoao ani?o? iai/aaiai eaaoaiiai, eaionoe eaaoaii? aino?i?,
eaionoe eaaoaii? ii-oe?a?inueee.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eio ?iaioo aeeiiaii ia 142
noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo; neeaaea?oueny c anooio, i’yoe ?icae?e?a,
aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, yeee i?noeoue 160
ia?oiaeaea?ae, ? 8 aeiaeaoe?a. ?iaioo ?ethno?iaaii 27 oaaeeoeyie ? 39
?enoieaie.

Ia`?eoe oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoeia? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiioaaeenue
a eaai?aoi??yo eaoaae?e oiaa?iciaanoaa ? aenia?oece i?iaeiaieue/eo
oiaa??a Ee?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aiaaeueii-aeiiii?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
(EAeOAO), ?inoeoooo iiaeo oaoiieia?e caa??aaiiy
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe?? EAeOAO ? Aeaaeai?? oaoiieia?/ieo
iaoe Oe?a?ie, ?inoeoooo oa?/oaaiiy I?i?noa?noaa ioi?iie caei?ia’y
Oe?a?ie, aei?iaoaaeueii? oa?/iai? eiio?ieueii-ae?iaie/i? eaai?aoi???
Ee?anueei? iaeniiaeeani?eee ia i?ioyc? 1995-1999??.

Aeey aeine?aeaeaiue a?aee a?eiaieiao eaionoo ae?iuaio ia iaeiiio iie?
Ee?anueei? aeine?aeii? noaioe?? iai/?aieoeoaa ?inoeoooa iai/?aieoeoaa ?
aaooaiieoeoaa Oe?a?inueei? aa?a?ii? aeaaeai?? iaoe. Oaeei /eiii
iaoa??ae aeine?aeaeaiue aoa iaeii??aeiei, ae?iuaiei a ??aieo oiiaao
aa?ioaoi?ee, ia iaeieo a?oioao, iaeii/anii iinaaeaeaiee ? c?a?aiee
ca?aeii o?eaaeino? aaaaoaoe?eiiai ia??iaea eiaeiiai ni?oo.

I?ney oiaa?iciaa/i? ioe?iee ne?iaeie ? ?ic?iaee a?aeiia?aeieo ?aoeaioo?
ii eiaeiiio aeaeo eaaoaii? eaionoe ia iniia? na??? iiia?aaei?o
aeine?ae?a i?iaiaeeeanue ii??aiyeueia ioe?iea iiaeo i?iaeoeo?a ca 11
?aoeaioo?aie. Ca eiio?ieue acyoi oa?iaioiaaio a?eiaieiao eaionoo, yea
ae?iaeyeanue ii ?aeiiaiaeiaai?e ?aoeaioo??: oaoeiaaia eaionoa oa 1,2%
eooiiii? nie? aac aeiaaaie.

E??i aeua iaaaaeaieo noai aeine?ae?a iaie aoee i?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy
ci?ie i?aaiieaioe/ieo ? o?ceei-o?i?/ieo iieaciee?a yeino?, ?icaeoeo
i?e?ioei?e oa ao?aoe iane aioiaiai i?iaeoeoo i?e oa?iaioaoe?? oa
o?eaaeiio caa??aaii?.

Ia caeeth/iiio aoai?, i?ney aeine?aeaeaiiy oaeoi??a, ui aecia/athoue
ye?noue oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe, iaie aoee ?ic?iaeai? ?aoeaioo?e ?
oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa iiaeo aeae?a eaaoaii? eaionoe, oaoi?/i? oiiae ?
oaoiieia?/i? ?ino?oeoe?? ii ?o ae?iaieoeoao aeeiiaii iaaiee ianya ?ia?o
ii ?ic?aooieo eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? ? aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? iiaeo
i?iaeoeo?a.

Eaionoa oa ?io? iai/aa? aeiaaaee, ye? iaaeoiaeeee aei ia?a?iaee
a?aeiia?aeaee an?i aeiiaai noaiaea?o?a ii eieuei?o, ?ici??o, caiaoo,
eiinenoaioe??, iaeii??aeiino?, ii nooiaith noeaeino?, ni?oo. Aeey
oa?iaioaoe?? aeei?enoiaoaaee a?eiaieiao eaionoo, yea a?aeiia?aeaea
aeiiaai AINO 1724-85 “Eaionoa aaeiei/aiiay naaaeay caaioiaeyaiay e
iinoaaeyaiay. Oaoie/aneea oneiaey”.

A eaai?aoi?ieo oiiaao oa?iaioaoe?th a?eiaieiai? eaionoe cae?enithaaee o
neeyieo aaieao NEI 83-3 ca AINO 24689-85 “Aaiee noaeeyiiua aeey
eiina?aia” c u?eueii ca/eiaieie iie?aoeeaiiaeie e?eoeaie. A ae?iaie/eo
oiiaao aeey oa?iaioaoe?? eaionoe aeei?enoiaoaaee caeeai? ai/ee c
iie?aoeeaiiaeie aeeaaeeoaie ?ie?noth 50e oa 100e ii AINO 8777-80 ”Ai/ee
aea?aayiiua caeeaiua e nooioa?iua” ? eiioaeia?e ?N-200, ye?
a?aeiia?aeathoue aeiiaai OO 28 O?N? 5-27-75 “Aieinoue AN-200” c
iie?aoeeaiiaeie aeeaaeeoaie AINO 16337-77A “Iieeyoeeai aunieiai
aeaaeaiey”.

Caaaeueia noaia iinoaiiaee aeine?ae?a ii aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?
i?eaaaeaia ia ?en. 1.

Oiaa?iciaa/a oa?aeoa?enoeea iiaeo aeae?a oa?iaioiaaii? a?eiaieiai?
eaionoeAeine?aeaeaiiy oaeoi??a oi?ioaaiiy yeino? iiaeo aeae?a
oa?iaioiaaii? a?eiaieiai? eaionoeOai?aoe/i?Aenia?eiaioaeuei?Iaoeia?
iniiae oa?iaioaoe??Aeine?aeaeaiiy niiaeeaieo aeanoeainoae ?aeiiiaaieo
ainiiaea?nueei-aioai?/ieo ni?o?a a?eiaieiai? eaionoe ye ne?iaeie aeey
oa?iaioaoe?? /2-17/ Oi?ioaaiiy niiaeeaieo aeanoeainoae i?e oa?iaioaoe??
iiaeo aeae?a oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe a caeaaeiino? a?ae oaeoi??a :

1. Ainiiaea?nueei-aioai?/i? ni?oe 3. Oaiia?aoo?a
oa?iaioaoe??;

a?eiaieiai? eaionoe;

2. Eiioeaio?aoe?y eooiiii? nie?; 4.
?aoeaioo?aI?aaiieaioe/i? aeanoeaino? /1/ Ci?ie o?i?/iiai
neeaaeo/2-16/I?e?ia?ieia?/i? ci?ie/18-21/?ic?iaea ?aoeaioo?e ?
oaoiieia?y ae?iaieoeoaa iiaeo aeae?a oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe:

ani?o? iai/aaa eaaoaia, eaionoa eaaoaia aino?a, eaionoa eaaoaia
ii-oe?a?inueee Aeine?aeaeaiiy ci?i niiaeeaieo aeanoeainoae iiaeo aeae?a
oa?iaioiaaii? a?eiaieiai? eaionoe a ia??iae o?eaaeiai caa??aaiiy
/1-21/Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy IOAe ia iia? aeaee a?eiaieiai? oa?iaioiaaii?
eaionoeEiieo?aioini?iiiaeiinoue ? aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue iiaeo aeae?a
oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe /22-23/

?en.1. Noaia i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioo

Ia`?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee iia? aeaee oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe, ui
aeaioiaeyeenue ca ?ic?iaeaieie iaie ?aoeaioo?aie (oaae.1).

Oaaeeoey 1

?aoeaioo?a oa ii?ie aeo?ao i?aeaioiaeaii? ne?iaeie

i?e ae?iaieoeoa? iiaeo aeae?a oa?iaioiaaii? a?eiaieiai? eaionoe

?aoeaioo?a, ea ia 1o aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??Ne?iaeiaEaionoa eaaoaia
ii-oe?a?inueeeAni?o? eaaoaia iai/aaaEaionoa eaaoaia
aino?a?1?2?3?4?1?2?3?4?1?2?3Eaionoa a?eiaieiaa

918

840

875

828

908

800

800

800

886

920

940Ii?eaa4480-14050100-140—Ao?ye5085150-50100150—-Oeeaoey303020——
705040*aniee—55-55-272828Ia?aoeue nieiaeeee na?aeee

80

30

60

80

-Ia?aoeue no?o/eiaee a??eee

aai iaeaiee

8

10

12

2

0,5

5

1,5

2

0,5

15

5

10

3

10

3Eenoy iao?ooee

/e naea?e

10

10

11

10

10

10

10

10

-E??i na?aeee

aai nooaiee-

-15

615

69

3-

-15

69

39

3

-N?eue eooiiia2424242415151515403020

Eaionoa eaaoaia aino?a yaey? niaith i?iaeoeo, aeaioiaeaiee c na?aei?
a?eiaieiai? eaionoe c aeiaeaaaiiyi aei ia? /anieeo, oeeaoe?, ia?oeth
/a?aiiiai iaeaiiai (aai na?aeiai no?o/eiaiai) oa eooiiii? nie? ?
i?aeaeaiee iiei/iieeneiio a?iae?iith.

Ani?o? iai/aaa eaaoaia — oea i?iaeoeo aeaioiaeaiee c na?aeeo iai/?a:
a?eiaieiai? eaionoe, ii?eae, ia?oeth nieiaeeiai c aeiaeaaaiiyi ia?oeth
no?o/eiaiai a??eiai, iao?ooee, eooiiii? nie? ? i?aeaeaieo iiei/iieeneiio
a?iae?iith.

Eaionoa eaaoaia ii-oe?a?inueee yaey? niaith i?iaeoeo, aeaioiaeaiee c
na?aei? a?eiaieiai? eaionoe c aeiaeaaaiiyi i?yiiu?a oa iai/aaeo
iaiiaithaa/?a, caeeoeo ?ic/eiii eooiiii? nie? ? i?aeaeaieo
iiei/iieeneiio a?iae?iith.

I?e aeeiiaii? aeine?aeii? ?iaioe aoee aeei?enoai? ianooii? iaoiaee
aeine?aeaeaiue: i?aaiieaioe/ia ioe?iea yeino? iiaeo aeae?a oa?iaioiaaii?
a?eiaieiai? eaionoe (1) /ciai?oi?e aeaeyae, niae, caiao, eie??,
eiinenoaioe?y/ aecia/aee ca ?ic?iaeaiith iaie oaaeeoeath 5-aaeiai?
ioe?iee yeino?; ianiao /anoeo aieiae ? nooeo ?a/iaei (2) — aenoooaaiiyi
iaaaaeee i?iaeoeoo i?e oaiia?aoo?? 1050N a nooeeuei?e oao? aei iino?eii?
iane ca AINO 87562-82; noo? ?ic/eii? ?a/iaeie (3) — ia ?ao?aeoiiao??
O?E, iiaeaeue ?;

ianiaa /anoea oeoe??a (caaaeueieo, aetheice, o?oeoice, naoa?ice) (4) ca
iaoiaeeeith Ii/eiea (1976); oeo?iaaia eeneioi?noue (5) — iaoiaeii
oeo?oaaiiy o ia?a?aooieo ia iiei/io eeneioo ca AINO 25555.0-82;
iaeoeiia? ?a/iaeie (6) — eiiieaeniiiiao?e/iei iaoiaeii (Ii/eiie
O.I.,1976 ); aeoeaio eeneioi?noue (7) — iioaioe?iiao?e/iei iaoiaeii ia
iioaioe?iiao?? EIO-01 ca AINO 26188-84; aoeeiaee nie?o — eiaeiiao?e/iei
iaoiaeii (Iao?ia E.I.,1978); eooiiia n?eue (8) — a?aaioiiao?e/iei
iaoiaeii ca AINO 12230-66; ai?iieeneioiee neeaae a?ee?a (9) — iaoiaeii
a?ae?ie?co aei ai?iieeneio ? iine?aeoth/iio aecia/aii? ia aaoiiaoe/iiio
ai?iieeneioiiio aiae?caoi??.ia?ee LEA 4101 (Oaaoe?y), anei?a?iiai?
eeneioe (10) — eiaeiiao?e/iei iaoiaeii (Naiiaei?eiaa ?.A., 1966);.
aeoeai?noue oa?iaio?a (?iaa?oace, anei?a?iieneaeace, eaoaeace,
iie?oaiieieneaeace) (11) — ca iaoiaeii Ii/eiea O.I.(1976);. ianiaa
/anoea ee?oeiaeie (12) — ca iaoiaeii Eth?oia?a ? Aaiaea, ui a?oioo?oueny
ia ia?iaoe? aeine?aeaeoaaiiai i?iaeoeoa a?ae?ie?coth/eie oa
ieenethth/eie ?aaaaioaie; caaaeueia e?euee?noue i?e?ii?aai?ci?a (13) —
ca iaoiaeii, ui a?oioo?oueny ia caeaoiino? iacio?eueieo aa?iaieo ?
oaeoeueoaoeaii aiaa?iaieo i?e?ii?aai?ci?a ?iciiiaeoaaoeny ia iiaeeaiiio
aaa?? i?e oaiia?aoo?? 300N ia i?ioyc? 72 aiaeei (NO NAA 4247-83);
ie?niya? a?eae (14) — ia na?aaeiaeu? *aiaea ? ii ii?oieia?/i?e aoaeia?
i?e i?e?ineii?thaaii? (NO NAA 4251-83); ae??aeaeae? (15) — ia
noneiaaa?? (NO NAA 4251-83). e?euee?noue iiei/iieeneeo aaeoa??e (16)
aecia/aee ia na?aaeiaeu? IRS ii oa?aeoa?iei aeey ieo iciaeai ?inoo;
eaoeeo eeneio (a ia?a?aooieo ia ioeoiao eeneioo) (17) — iaoiaeii
a?aeaiio c aiaeyiith ia?ith ca AINO 25555.1-82; a?eeiaee acio (18) —
i?e?iiaoiaeii Eue?eueaeaey (Iao?ia E.I., 1978); aeoeai?noue
?aae?iioee?ae?a (19) — ia ?aae?iiao?? ?OO -91I; aaaiaa /anoea i?o?ao?a
(20) — ?iiiiao?e/iei iaoiaeii ca OO 5048 “Iaoiaee/i? aeac?aee ii
aecia/aiith i?o?ao?a a i?iaeoeoao ?ineeiieoeoaa” ia ?iiiiao?? AOe-01;
ci?ie iane (21) aecia/aee ca iaoiaeeeith, ?ic?iaeaiith ni?a?ia?oieeaie
EOA? ni?eueii c AI??EII (1986), caoaa?aeaeaii Aea?aeaa?ii?iiii;
?ic?aooiie eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? (22); aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue (23)
ca caaaeueiii?eeiyoith oi?ioeith.

Iiaoi?i?noue aeine?ae?a aoea o?e?aciaith. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
aoei i?aeaeaii iaoaiaoe/ii-noaoenoe/i?e ia?iaoe? ii Aeini?oiao A.A.
(1972) ia AII ca i?ia?aiaie Microsoft Exel, Microsoft Word.

INIIAI? ?ACOEUeOAOE ?IAIOE

OI?IOAAIIss NIIAEEAIEO AEANOEAINOAE IIAEO AEAe?A OA?IAIOIAAII?
A?EIAIEIAI? EAIONOE. Oaoiieia?/i? aeanoeaino? ?a?no?iaaieo
ainiiaea?nueei-aioai?/ieo ni?o?a a?eiaieiai? eaionoe. I?e ?ic?iaoe?
iiaeo aeae?a oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe a?aoiaoaaany eiiieaeniee aieea oaeeo
oaeoi??a, ye ainiiaea?nueei-aioai?/i? ni?oe eaionoe, eiioeaio?aoe?y
eooiiii? nie?, oaiia?aoo?iee ?aaeei oa?iaioaoe??, ?aoeaioo?a ne?iaeie oa
aieea eiaeiiai c ieo ia oi?ioaaiiy niiaeeaieo aeanoeainoae aioiaiai
i?iaeoeoo.

Aea?ai? iaie aeey aeine?aeaeaiue ainiiaea?nueei-aioai?/i? ni?oe — Eany,
A?ieaioa, Oa?e?anueea ceiiaa oa Noiee/ia a?ae??ciythoueny i?aeaeuaiei
ai?noii oeoe??a, a?eeiaeo ? iaeoeiiaeo ?a/iaei, iathoue u?euei?
na?aaei?o ?ici???a aieiaee, a?ea eenoy oa ia aeiaaee ea/ai. A i?ioean?
oa?iaioaoe?? a eaiono? a?aeaoaathoueny neeaaei? ci?ie o?i?/iiai neeaaeo,
a ?acoeueoao? /iai aiia iaaoaa? iiaeo aeanoeainoae ? oiio cia/ii
a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae na?aei? eaionoe. Iaie aoee aea/ai? ci?ie, ui
a?aeaoaathoueny o oa?iaioiaai?e eaiono? ??cieo ainiiaea?nueei-aioai?/ieo
ni?o?a, ?o aieea ia niiaeeai? aeanoeaino? aioiaiai i?iaeoeoo oa
aecia/ai? iaea?eueo i?eaeaoi? aeey oa?iaioaoe?? ainiiaea?nueei-aioai?/i?
ni?oe eaionoe.

Ni?oiaa iaeaaei?noue eaionoe aieeioea ia ?? niiaeeai? aeanoeaino? i?e
oa?iaioaoe?? (oaae.1).

Oaaeeoey 1

Aieea ainiiaea?nueei-aioai?/ieo ni?o?a ia ci?ie o?i?/iiai neeaaeo
a?eiaieiai? eaionoe i?e oa?iaioaoe??

IieacieeeIaniaa /anoea ?a/iaei ainiiaea?nueei-aioai?/ieo ni?o?a
a?eiaieiai? eaionoe,%Oa?e?anueea ceiiaa
/e/EanyA?ieaioaNoiee/iaCaaaeueiee
oeoei?1,9+0,041,7+0,041,95+0,032,1+0,04Caaaeueia
eeneioi?noue0,71+0,010,66+0,010,68+0,020,73+0,01Iaeoeiia?
?a/iaeie0,51+0,020,64+0,020,55+0,020,47+0,02a oiio /ene?:

-aiaei?ic/eiiee iaeoei

-i?ioiiaeoei

0,24+0,01

0,27+0,01

0,31+0,01

0,33+0,02

0,26+0,02

0,29+0,02

0,22+0,01

0,25+0,01Ee?oeiaeia0,97+0,030,95+0,031,23+0,041,08+0,02A?oai?i N, ia ia
100a33,4+0,0435,2+0,0453,4+0,0630,8+0,03I?aaiieaioe/ia

ioe?iea, aaee4,584,554,574,45

Iaea?eueo aenieeie i?aaiieaioe/ieie iieacieeaie yeino? aecia/aeanue
oa?iaioiaaia eaionoa ni?o?a Oa?e?anueea ceiiaa, Eany oa A?ieaioa. Aiia
iaea i?eaaaeeaee ciai?oi?e aeaeyae, u?eueio, o?onoeo oa nieiaeoo
einenoaioe?th, nieiioaaoi — eeneoaaoee niae, i?e?iiee caiao.
Oa?iaioiaaia eaionoa ni?oo Noiee/ia oa?aeoa?ecoaaeanue ieae/eie
niaeiaeie yeinoyie, oae ye iaea oaiioaaoee eie??, ui cia/ii
aieeioei ia ciai?oi?e aeaeyae.

Aieea eiioeaio?aoe?? eooiiii? nie? ia i?ioeane oa?iaioaoe?? ? niaeia?
yeino? aioiaiai i?iaeoeoo. Eiioeaio?aoe?y eooiiii? nie? aeyaeeanue
iaeiei c iniiaieo oaeoi??a, ui aieeioee ia niiaeeai? aeanoeaino? iiaeo
aeae?a oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe.

Aieea eiioeaio?aoe?? eooiiii? nie? aeine?aeaeoaaany ia iioeiaeueieo
?aoeaioo?ao aeey eiaeiiai iiaiai aeaeo eaionoe, a naia: ani?o? eaaoaia
iai/aaa ?aoeaioo?a ?4, eaionoa eaaoaia aino?a ?aoeaioo?a ?2, eaionoa
eaaoaia ii-oe?a?inueee ?aoeaioo?a ?3 (?en.2).

?en. 2. Aieea eiioeaio?aoe?? eooiiii? nie? ia na?aaeith i?aaiieaioe/io
ioe?ieo iiaeo aeae?a oa?iaioiaaii? a?eiaieiai? eaionoe

Iiaeia noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui aeey eiaeiiai aeaeo oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe
?niothoue eiie?aoi? iaae? aeiionoeii? eiioeaio?aoe?? nie?.

Iioeiaeueiith eiioeaio?aoe??th eooiiii? nie? ne?ae aaaaeaoe: aeey ani?o?
eaaoaiiai iai/aaiai — 1,5%, aeey eaionoe eaaoaii? aino?i? — 2,5-3,0%,
aeey eaionoe eaaoaii? ii-oe?a?inueee eiioeaio?aoe?y ?inieo iiaeiia aooe
2,5-3,0%.

Eiioeaio?aoe?y eooiiii? nie? cia/ii aieeioea ia ci?ie o?i?/iiai neeaaeo
iiaeo aeae?a oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe. C ca?eueoaiiyi eiioeaio?aoe??
eooiiii? nie? ?ioaineai?noue aeei?enoaiiy oeoe??a, ui ? iniiaiei
iaoa??aeii iiei/iieeneiai a?iae?iiy, cieaeo?oueny. A i?ioean?
oa?iaioaoe?? a?aeaoaa?oueny ae??aithaaiiy ai?noo NaCl o ?inie? ?
i?iaeoeo? (?en.3).

C i?aeaeuaiiyi eiioeaio?aoe?? eooiiii? nie? niinoa??aa?oueny cieaeaiiy
oaii?a ?icaeoeo iiei/iieeneeo aaeoa??e oa ae??aeaeae?a, a e?euee?noue
ie?niyaeo a?ea?a a?ae aeine?aeaeoaaieo eiioeaio?aoe?e nie? ia
caeaaeeoue.

Aieea oaiia?aoo?e oa?iaioaoe?? ia niiaeeai? aeanoeaino? iiaeo aeae?a
oa?iaioiaaii? a?eiaieiai? eaionoe. Iaeiei c iaeaaaeeea?oeo oaeoi??a, ui
aecia/a? ye?noue oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe, ? oaiia?aoo?a oa?iaioaoe??. Ca
?acoeueoaoaie ioe?iee i?aaiieaioe/ieo iieaciee?a yeino? iiaeo aeae?a
eaionoe oa?iaioiaaieo i?e ??cieo oaiia?aoo?ao iaie anoaiiaeaii, ui
iaeaeu? niaeia? yeino? ia? eaionoa oa?iaioiaaia i?e oaiia?aoo?ao
20-250N. Eaionoa oa?iaioiaaia i?e oaiia?aoo?? 300N iaea i`yeoaaoo
eiinenoaioe?th, ??cei ae?aaeaiee eeneee niae oa ??ceee caiao, ui cia/ii
aieeioei ia caaaeuei? iieacieee i?e aeaaonoaoe??. E??i oeueiai aoei
a?aei?/aii neaaeo i?enooi?noue iai?e?iiiai i?eniaeo oa caiaoo, ui
iaoiiaeaii ?icaeoeii iia?/ii? i?e?ioei?e, ui ae?iaey? noi?iii? i?iaeoeoe
a?iae?iiy, a naia eaoe? eeneioe oa aoeeiaee nie?o. Aeaui aeu?
aeaaonoaoe?ei? ioe?iee iaea eaionoa oa?iaioiaaia i?e oaiia?aoo?ao 15 ?
100N. Cieaeaiiy aaeiai? ioe?iee yeino? oe??? eaionoe iiynith?oueny ??
a?oaoaaoith eiinenoaioe??th, neaaieeneei niaeii oa ia aeoaea i?e?iiei
caiaoii. Iniiaiei iaoa??aeii oa?iaioaoe?? eaionoe ? oeoe?e, ui
ciaioothoueny a ?acoeueoao? ia?aoai?aiiy ?o a iiei/io eeneioo, ui oaeiae
? eiina?aaioii.

Aenie? oaiie ca?iaeoaaiiy oeoe??a i?e oaiia?aoo?ao 30 oa 250N
iiyniththoueny ?ioaineaiei ?icaeoeii iiei/iieeneeo aaeoa??e, ui
ia?aoai?ththoue oeoei? o iiei/io eeneioo. C iiieaeaiiyi oaiia?aoo?e
oa?iaioaoe?? aei 20, 15 oa 100N a?aeaoaa?oueny oiia?eueiaiiy ?inoo
iiei/iieeneeo aaeoa??e, cieaeo?oueny ?o eeneioiooai?thth/a caeaoi?noue,
ui e coiiaeei cieaeaiiy oaii?a ca?iaeoaaiiy oeoe??a o eaiono? (?en.4).

?en. 4 Aieea oaiia?aoo?e oa?iaioaoe?? ia aeeiai?eo ianiai? /anoee
oeoe??a oa eeneio a oa?iaioiaai?e a?eiaieia?e eaiono?

Oaiia?aoo?a oa?iaioaoe?? — aaaeeeaee ?aaoeyoi? ?icaeoeo i?e?ii?aai?ci?a.
Na?aea eaionoa oa?aeoa?ecoaaeanue i?enooi?noth iacia/ii? e?eueeino?
ae??aeaeae?a, ie?niyaeo a?ea?a, iiei/iieeneeo aaeoa??e, iacio?eueieo
aa?iaieo oa oaeoeueoaoeaii aiaa?iaieo i?e?ii?aai?ci?a /EIAOAiI/ (?en.5).

?en.5 Aieea oaiia?aoo?e oa?iaioaoe?? ia ye?niee neeaae i?e?ioei?e
a?eiaieiai? oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe

Aiae?c aieeao oaiia?aoo?iiai ?aaeeio ia aeeiai?eo ?icaeoeo i?e?ioei?e o
oa?iaioiaai?e eaiono? iieacaa, ui i?e iiieaeai?e oaiia?aoo??
oa?iaioaoe?? (100N) iaei i?noea cieaeaiiy oaii?a ?inoo iiei/iieeneeo
aaeoa??e oa ae??aeaeae?a, ui i?iaeiaaeoaaeinue aei caaa?oaiiy ia??iaeo
aeoeaii? oa?iaioaoe??. Aeaui aeoea?coaaeenue oaiie ?inoo a?ea?a o
ii/aoeiaiio ia??iae?. I?aeaeuaiy oaiia?aoo?e aei 300N ni?eyei iaea?eueo
aeoeaiiio ?icaeoeo ae??aeaeae?a. Iaeni?eyoeea?o? oiiae aeey ?icaeoeo
iiei/iieeneeo aaeoa??e noai?ththoueny i?e oaiia?aoo?ao 20 — 250N.

E??i iiei/iieeneiai a?iae?iiy i?e oa?iaioaoe?? a?aeaoaa?oueny oaeiae
nie?oiaa a?iae?iiy (?en. 6). Ia ii/aoeiaiio ia??iae? oa?iaiooaaiiy iaie
anoaiiaeaia iacia/ia iaeiie/aiiy aoeeiaiai nie?oo. Iaeneiaeueia
c?inoaiiy i?eiaaea? ia 9 aeiao i?e oaiia?aoo?? oa?iaioaoe?? 300N, ui
ei?aao? c aeaaeaieie i?eaaaeaieie o iiia?aaeiueiio ?enoieo, aea
a?aei?/aii aeoeaiee ?icaeoie ae??aeaeae?a — i?iaeooeaio?a nie?oo. *a?ac
9 ae?a ai?no nie?oo a eaiono? oa?iaioiaai?e i?e oaiia?aoo?? 300N
i?aeaeueany o 200 ?ac?a, 200N — 145, 100N — 75. I?ney aeaa`yoiai aeiy
oa?iaioaoe?? a on?o aeine?aeaeoaaieo c?aceao niinoa??aaeinue iinooiiaa
cieaeaiiy ai?noo nie?oo o eaiono?.

Ia niaeia? yeino? oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe cia/ii aieeioea i?enooi?noue
eaoeeo eeneio, ui ? i?iaeoeoaie ieenethaaiiy nie?oo oa
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? oe?aeeeai? i?e?ioei?e. ?acoeueoaoe iaoeo
aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaee, ui iaea?eueo aoaeoeaieie oaiia?aoo?aie
oa?iaioaoe?? a?aeiinii ai?noo eaoeeo eeneio o oa?iaioiaai?e eaiono? ?
oaiia?aoo?e a iaaeao a?ae 10 aei 200N. I?e oeeo oaiia?aoo?ao i?ae /an
oa?iaioaoe?? ooai?aiiy eaoeeo eeneio aoei i?i?iaeueiei (?en. 7).

?en.6 Aieea oaiia?aoo?e oa?iaioaoe?? a?eiaieiai? eaionoe ia iaeiie/aiiy
ianiai? /anoee aoeeiaiai nie?oo

Ii??aiyeueia ioe?iea niiaeeaieo aeanoeainoae iiaeo aeae?a oa?iaioiaaii?
eaionoe. Ca?aeii i?aaiieaioe/ieo iieaciee?a ani?o? eaaoaiiai iai/aaiai,
ae?iaeaiiai ca cai?iiiiiaaieie iaie ?aoeaioo?aie iiaeia c?iaeoe
aeniiaie, ui on? c?acee iaee aeinoaoiuei aenie? iieacieee yeino?, aea
aeyaeeanue iaiaeiicia/ia ioe?iea aeaaonoaoi??a o aecia/aii? iioeiaeueii?
?aoeaioo?e.

Ii??aiyeueia ioe?iea i?aaiieaioe/ieo iieaciee?a yeino? ani?o? eaaoaiiai
iai/aaiai aeaioiaeaiiai ca /ioe?ia ??cieie ?aoeaioo?aie aoe?eiio
iieacaea, ui iaea?eueo i?eaaaeeaith aoea eaaoaia i?iaeoeoe?y aeaioiaeaia
ca ?aoeaioo?ith ?4 aea aoei aaaaoi ii?eae, ia?oeth nieiaeeiai, aea
cian?i aoee a?aenooi? ao?ye noieiaee ? /aniee. Ca iaoeie
aeine?aeaeaiiyie noieiaee ao?ye iaaaoeaii aieeaa? ia eiinenoaioe?th
aioiaiai ani?o?. A?aenooi?noue a ani?o? eaaoaiiio iai/aaiio /anieeo
(?aoeaioo?a ?1) i?ecaaei aei iiyae niaoeeo?/iiai caiaoo noieiaiai
ao?yeo, oi/ ai?no eiai aoa iacia/iee — a?ey 5% a?ae caaaeueii? iane
i?iaeoeoa.

Eaionoa eaaoaia aino?a, ui aeaioiaeaia ca ?aioo?ith ?1 a?eueoa iaaaaeo?
ii nai?io niaeo i?ei?aao, a ca ?aoeaioo?ith ?3 a?eueoa iiae?aia aei
caeoni/ii? no?aae.

?acoeueoaoe aeaaonoaoe?? eaionoe eaaoaii? ii-oe?a?inueee, ae?iaeaii? ca
/ioe?ia ?aoeaioo?aie, ui cai?iiiiiaai? iaie aeey ae?iaieoeoaa,
i?aeoaa?aeeee ui an? c?acee iaee aenie? niiaeeai? aeanoeaino?. A eaionoa
eaaoaia ii-oe?a?inueee ae?iaeaia ca ?aoeaioo?ith ?3 ia? aeu? ioe?iee
iaeaea ii an?o iieacieeao o ii??aiyii? c ??1,2,4. *aoaa?oeiee aoee
i?oaeieie, caa?aaeaii? oi?ie; niae ? caiao nieiioaaoi-eeneoaaoee c
a?iiaoii ? i?eniaeii i?yiiu?a ? aeiaaaeaieo ca ?aoeaioo?ith iai/?a;
eiinenoaioe?y o?oiea, nieiaeoa, iiai?noth i?ieiyoa ?inieii.

?ic?iaea iioeiaeueii? oaoiieia?? oa?iaioaoe?? iiaeo aeae?a oa?iaioiaaii?
a?eiaieiai? eaionoe aenieeo niiaeeaieo aeanoeainoae aacoaaeinue ia
aecia/aii? aieeao ia eiiieaeniee iieaciee yeino? iaeaaaii?oeo oaeoi??a,
cie?aia oaiia?aoo?ieo ?aaeei?a oa?iaioaoe??, eiioeaio?aoe?? eooiiii?
nie? oa ainiiaea?nueei-aioai?/iiai ni?oo. Ine?eueee ??aaiue yeino?
oa?iaioiaaii? a?eiaieiai? eaionoe cia/ii eieeaaany i?e ci?i? oeeo
oaeoi??a (?en. 8), aeey aecia/aiiy nooiaith aieeao eiaeiiai c oeeo
oaeoi??a ia e?ioeaao ye?noue i?iaeoeoo iaie aeei?enoiaoaaany
ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c.

Ia iniia? io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a iaie aoei ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/io
iiaeaeue i?iaiicoaaiiy ??aiy yeino? iiaeo aeae?a oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe a
caeaaeiino? a?ae ne?iaeie oa oaoiieia?/ieo oaeoi??a.

Aeey ioe?iee yeino? iiaeo aeae?a oa?iaioiaaii? a?eiaieiai? eaionoe
canoiniaaii iiiaeeiiee ?aa?an?eiee aiae?c. Iaea?aeaii ??aiyiiy ?aa?an??:

y = 0,234×1 + 0,031 x2 — 0,19 x3 — 0,36 (ani?o? eaaoaia iai/aaa);

y = 0,248×1 + 0,020 x2 — 0,85×3 — 1,39 (eaionoa eaaoaia aino?a);

y = 0,396×1 + 0,030×2 — 0,11×3 — 1,28 (eaionoa eaaoaia ii-oe?a?inueee);

aea o — ?ioaa?aeueiee iieaciee yeino?;

o1 — ai?no oeoe?o a na?ae?e a?eiaieia?e eaiono?;

o2 — oaiia?aoo?a oa?iaioaoe??;

o3 — eiioeaio?aoe?y eooiiii? nie? a i?iaeoeo?.

Oae ye ?ic?aooieiaa cia/aiiy e?eoa??th O?oa?a a?eueoa ca e?eoe/ia
aeia?aeieeiaa aeey ? = 0,95, oi c iaae?ei?nothth ? = 0,95 aaaaeaee, ui
iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue aaeaeaaoia aenia?eiaioaeueiei aeaiei ? ia ?? iniia?
i?iaiicoaaee oaoiieia?th ae?iaieoeoaa iiaeo aeae?a oa?iaioiaaii?
a?eiaieiai? eaionoe aenieeo niiaeeaieo aeanoeainoae.

?en. 8. Aieea ainiiaea?nueei-aioai?/ieo ni?o?a, oaiia?aoo?e
oa?iaioaoe?? oa eiioeaio?aoe?? eooiiii? nie? ia ye?noue eaionoe eaaoaii?
ii-oe?a?inueee

?ic?iaea oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa iiaeo aeae?a oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe.
Aea/aiiy aieeao oaeoi??a ia ye?noue oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe ? iniiaith
aeey ?ic?iaee iioeiaeueieo ?aaeei?a oaoiieia?? ?? ae?iaieoeoaa.

?ic?iaeai? oa caoaa?aeaeai? ae?iaie/eie aeine?aeaeaiiyie ii?ie aeo?ao
ne?iaeie oa ao?aoe iane i?e oa?iaioaoe??, a oaeiae ?? o?ceei-o?i?/i?
iieacieee yeino?.

Ia iniia? ?acoeueoao?a i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?ic?iaeaia oa
ai?iaaaeaeaia o ae?iaieoeoai ii?iaoeaii-oaoi?/ia aeieoiaioaoe?y ia iia?
aeaee oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe.

Oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean i?eaiooaaiiy iiaeo aeae?a oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe
aeeth/a? a naaa ianooii? iia?aoe??: i?aeaioiaea ne?iaeie; oeeaaeea
ne?iaeie a oa?o; aa?iaoecaoe?y oa?e oa oa?iaioaoe?y i?e 20-250N aei
iaeiie/aiiy a i?iaeoeo? 0,6-0,7% eeneio.

CAA??AAIIss IIAEO AEAe?A OA?IAIOIAAII? EAIONOE. Ci?ie o?i?/iiai neeaaeo
iiaeo aeae?a oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe i?e caa??aaii?. A ia??iae caa??aaiiy
iiaeo aeae?a oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe i?iaeiaaeothoueny i?ioeane ci?ie ?o
o?i?/iiai neeaaeo (oaae.2). Iaeiae o ca`yceo c caa??aaiiyi i?iaeoeoe??
i?e iiieaeaieo oaiia?aoo?ao oe? i?ioeane i?io?eaee cia/ii iia?euei?oa,
i?ae i?e oa?iaioaoe??.

Oaaeeoey 2

Ci?ie o?i?/iiai neeaaeo iiaeo aeae?a oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe i?e
caa??aaii?

IieacieeeAi?no ?a/iaei aei ne?i? iane i?e caa??aaii?Eaionoa eaaoaia
ii-oe?a?inueeeAni?o? eaaoaia iai/aaaEaionoa eaaoaia
aino?aoa?-iaioi-aaiai?ney caa??-aaiiyoa?iai-

oiaaiai?ney caa??aaiiyoa?iai-

oiaaiai?ney caa??-aaiiyCaaaeueia
eeneioi?noue0,651,450,71,50,51,22Iaeoeiia?
?a/iaeie0,470,350,60,420,530,37a oiio
/ene?:aiaei?ic/eiiee0,230,190,280,200,250,20i?ioiiaeoei0,240,160,320,220
,280,17Ee?oeiaeia0,920,830,910,810,910,83Aoeeiaee
nie?o0,250,310,270,350,210,30Eaoe?
eeneioe0,0180,070,0290,850,0270,079A?eie1,110,951,140,981,000,89A?oai?iN
, ia ia 100a36,120,046,830,035,419,4

I?ioyaii ainueie i?nyoe?a caa??aaiiy aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? ianiaa /anoea
eeneio a on?o o?ueio cai?iiiiiaaieo aeaeao oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe
c?inoaea. A oeueiio ia??iae? caa??aaiiy i?ioean eeneioiooai?aiiy
aeinyaaa nai?? iaae?, i?ney yei? niinoa??aaeiny iacia/ia cieaeaiiy
eeneioiino? a on?o aeine?aeaeoaaieo aa??aioao oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe.
Cieaeaiiy eeneioiino? o eaaoai?e eaiono? i?ney 120 ae?a caa??aaiiy
a?aeaoaa?oueny, eiia??ii, ca ?aooiie ?icaeoeo i?e?ii?aai?ci?a, ui
aeei?enoiaothoue iiei/io eeneioo aeey nai?? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?.

Oaiaeaioe?y aei ca?eueoaiiy a?aei?/aeanue ? i?e aea/aii? ci?i ianiai?
/anoee eooiiii? nie? ? aoeeiaiai nie?oo o iiaeo aeaeao oa?iaioiaaii?
eaionoe i?e caa??aaii?. Eooiiia n?eue iinooiiai iaeiie/oaaeanue a on?o
aeaeao oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe, o?aa ui, iia?euei?oa o eaiono? eaaoai?e
ii-oe?a?inueee, yea ca ?aoeaioo?ith caeeaaeanue ?inieii ia a?aei?io a?ae
?ioeo aeae?a eaionoe. Iaea?eueo aeniea ?ioaineai?noue iaeiie/aiiy
eooiiii? nie? o i?iaeoeoao i?eoiaeeoueny ia i`yoee i?nyoeue i?ney
aeaioiaeaiiy. Oaea caeiiii??i?noue, iiaeeeai, aeeeeeaia aeuith
eiioeaio?aoe??th ?inieo o ia?o? 150 ae?a caa??aaiiy, i?ae o ianooii?.

Ii?yae c iaeiie/aiiyi eooiiii? nie? a i?iaeoeo? a?aeaoaa?oueny
ca?eueoaiiy ieoiii? aaae aoeeiaiai nie?oo, ui na?ae/eoue i?i
aeeoo?ae?yeuei?noue ae??aeaeae?a. Iaea?eueo aenieeie oaiiaie iaeiie/aiiy
nie?oo a?aeaoaa?oueny i?ioyaii ia?oeo i`yoe i?nyoe?a. O oeae ia??iae
ianiaa /anoea eiai ca?eueoeeanue ia 0,06 — 0,08%, o ianooii? i?nyoe?
oaiie ooai?aiiy nie?oo oiia?eueithaaeenue ? aei e?ioey ia??iaeo
caa??aaiiy ianiaa /anoea eiai ca?eueoeeanue eeoa ia 0,01%. Oea iia`ycaii
a iniiaiiio c iiieaeaiei oaiia?aoo?iei ?aaeeiii caa??aaiiy oa
aeinoaoiuei aaeeeith e?euee?noth iiei/ii? eeneioe, ui i?eai?/oth/a ae??
ia aeeoo?ae?yeuei?noue ae??aeaeae?a ? aaeueio? i?ioean nie?oiaiai
a?iae?iiy, e?ioeaaei i?iaeoeoii yeiai ? nie?o.

Ooai?aiiy eaoeeo eeneio ca?eueooaaeinue i?ioyaii anueiai ia??iaea
caa??aaiiy ? iai?ee?ioe? caa??aaiiy aoea a iaaeao 0,079…0,096%.
Iaeaeoeai?oa iaeiie/othoueny eaoe? eeneioe i?ney oanoe i?nyoe?a
caa??aaiiy, ui ? iaei??th c i?e/ei cieaeaiiy niaeiaeo yeinoae eaionoe
oeueiai ia??iaeo caa??aaiiy.

Iaeoeiia? ?a/iaeie oa ee?oeiaeia a?eiaieiai? eaionoe i?e caa??aaii?
aeyaeee a?aeiinio noaa?euei?noue. A ia??iae caa??aaiiy ciaioo?oueny
ai?no ee?oeiaeie iniaeeai o ia?o? i?nyoe?. Iinooiiai oeae i?ioean
oiia?eueithaaany ? c oinoiai i?nyoey caa??aaiiy ci?ie iaeaea ia
a?aeaoaaeeny. Ca aanue ia??iae caa??aaiiy ao?aoe ee?oeiaeie o eaiono?
eaaoai?e aino??e noaiiaeee 9,8%, o ani?o? iai/aaiio eaaoaiiio — 12%, o
eaiono? eaaoai?e ii-oe?a?inueee — 11,9%. Ao?aoe iaeoeiiaeo ?a/iaei o
eaiono? a?aeaoaaeenue, a iniiaiiio, ca ?aooiie ?ic/eiaiiy o ?inie?
aiaei?ic/eiii? o?aeoe?? iaeoeio. ?acoeueoaoii aeyaeeinue iacia/ia
iii`yeoaiiy oeaiei eaionoe, ui iniaeeai aeoea?coaaeinue i?ney 6 i?nyoe?a
caa??aaiiy.

I?e caa??aaii? on?o aeine?aeaeoaaieo c?ace?a oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe
a?aeaoaa?oueny iino?eia ciaioaiiy ai?noo a i?e a?oai?io N. Ca 8 i?nyoe?a
caa??aaiiy e?euee?noue anei?a?iiai? eeneioe ciaioeeanue a na?aaeiueiio
ia 45%. Aea iaa?oue a e?ioe? cacia/aiiai oa?i?io iia? aeaee
oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe i?noeee 20-30 ia ia 100 a a?oai?io N.

Caa??aath/e eaionoo i?e iiieaeai?e oaiia?aoo?? oa a aiaa?iaieo oiiaao
i?ioyaii ainueie i?nyoe?a a?aei?/aii, ui iinooiiai ciaiooaaeanue
e?euee?noue iiei/iieeneeo aaeoa??e, a ae??aeaeae?a — c?inoaea. Iaaaaeai?
i?e?ii?aai?cie o oeae ia??iae ?ioaineaii ia ?icaeaaeenue, /iio ni?eyei
?I na?aaeiaeua oa aiaa?iai? oiiae, ie?niyaeo a?ea?a aeyaeaii ia aoei.

I?e iiaeaeueoiio caa??aaii? niinoa??aaeinue iii`yeoaiiy eiinenoaioe??,
iiyaa iai?e?iiiai caiaoo oa niaeo. ?acoeueoaoe ci?i o?i?/iiai neeaaeo oa
i?e?ioei?e i?e caa??aaii? aeicaieeee aecia/eoe iioeiaeueiee ia??iae
caa??aaiiy iiaeo aeae?a oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe, yeee ia ia?aaeuo? 8
i?nyoe?a c iiiaioo aeaioiaeaiiy.

O ia?o? a?n?i i?nyoe?a caa??aaiiy (oaae. 3) aeo?ae noaiaea?oii?
i?iaeoeoe?? aoa 100%, ye o aaieao oae ? o ae?aeeao, ui aa?iaoe/ii
cae?eaaeenue i?e oa?iaioaoe?? oa caa??aaii?. Iaeiae i?e iiaeaeueoiio
caa??aaii? ye?noue cia/ii iia??oo?oueny oa noaiiaeoue ia 12 -oee
i?nyoeue eeoa 50 — 60%.

Oaaeeoey 3

Aieea oa?i?io caa??aaiiy ia ye?noue iiaeo aeae?a oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe

I?iaeoeoe?yAeo?ae i?iaeoeoe?? a % ii oa?i?iai caa??aaiiy,
i?nyoe?1-89101112Eaionoa eaaoaia
ii-oe?a?inueeenoaiaea?oia10093,679,265,550,1a?ae06,420,834,549,9Ani?o?
iai/aaa eaaoaianoaiaea?oia10090,380,672,159,8a?ae09,719,427,940,2Eaionoa
eaaoaia aino?anoaiaea?oia10089,578,766,755,4a?ae010,522,333,344,6

EIIEO?AIOINI?IIIAEI?NOUe ? AEIIII?*IA AOAEOEAI?NOUe IIAEO AEAe?A
OA?IAIOIAAII? A?EIAIEIAI? EAIONOE.

I?iaaaeaiee ?ic?aooiie iieacaa, ui iieacieee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?
iiaeo aeae?a oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe ciaoiaeyoueny a iaaeao 1,1 aei 1,39,
oiaoi an? aeaee iiai? oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe ? eiieo?aioini?iiiaeieie ia
a?o/eciyiiio ?eieo Oe?a?ie. Aeiiii?/iee aoaeo i?e ae?iaieoea? oa
caa??aaii? ani?o? eaaoaiiai iai/aaiai neeaaea? 690,54 a?i.; eaionoe
eaaoaii? ii-oe?a?inueee – 519,65 a?i. ia 1 o aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? ? ?
aeiiii?/ii aea?aeieie aeey oe?a?inueeiai niiaeeaa/a caaaeyee aenieei
iieacieeai ?o niiaeea/eo aeanoeainoae.

AENIIAEE OA I?IIICEOe??

1. A ?acoeueoao? eiiieaenieo aeine?aeaeaiue ii aecia/aiith oaoiieia?/ieo
aeanoeainoae iiaeo ainiiaea?nueei-aioai?/ieo ni?o?a a?eiaieiai? eaionoe,
niiaeeaieo aeanoeainoae iai/aai? ne?iaeie ?ic?iaeaii o?e iia? aeaee
oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe ii 11 ?aoeaioo?ai aeniei? oa?/iai? oa a?ieia?/ii?
oe?iiino? (??oaiiy ia aeaea/o 2-o iaoaio?a ia aeiao?ae), aeaia
oiaa?iciaa/a oa?aeoa?enoeea, cai?iiiiiaaia oaoiieia?y ?? ae?iaieoeoaa.

2. Aea/aia nooi?iue aieeao ne?iaeie oa ?aoeaioo?e ia oi?ioaaiiy
niiaeeaieo aeanoeainoae. C aea/aieo /ioe?ueio ?aeiiiaaieo
ainiiaea?nueei-aioai?/ieo ni?o?a a?eiaieiai? eaionoe iaea?eueo
i?eaeaoieie aeey oa?iaioaoe?? ? ni?oe Eany, A?ieaioa oa Oa?e?anueea
ceiiaa. Iioeiaeueieie i?e oa?iaioaoe?? a?eiaieiai? eaionoe iiaeo aeae?a
? oaiia?aoo?iee ?aaeei 20-250N. Eiioeaio?aoe?y eooiiii? nie? aeey
eiaeiiai aeaeo oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe ? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiith, a naia: aeey
eaionoe eaaoaii? ii-oe?a?inueee ?inie eiioeaio?aoe??th 2,5-3%; aeey
eaionoe eaaoaii? aino?i? eiioeaio?aoe?y eooiiii? nie? — 2,5%; aeey
ani?o? iai/aaiai eaaoaiiai — 1,5%.

3. O oa?iaioiaai?e eaiono? iiaeo aeae?a i?eeia? o/anoue ??ciiiai?oia
i?e?ioei?a: ae??aeaeae?, iiei/iieene?, nii?e a?ea?a oa ie?niyaa. I?e
oa?iaioaoe?? a iioeiaeueieo oiiaao aeoeaii ?icaeaathoueny iiei/iieene?
aaeoa???, a iacio?eueii-aa?iai? oa oaeoeueoaoeaii-aiaa?iai?, ie?niya?
a?eae oa ae??aeaeae? — i?eai?/othoueny o ca`yceo c ci?iith ?I
na?aaeiaeua; i?ney ainueie i?nyoe?a caa??aaiiy ?icaeoie iaaaaeaii?
i?e?ioei?e i?eaiaeea aei cieaeaiiy i?aaiieaioe/ieo oa o?ceei-o?i?/ieo
iieaciee?a yeino?.

4. A ia??iae caa??aaiiy iiaeo aeae?a oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe
a?aeaoaa?oueny iiaia ca?iaeoaaiiy oeoe??a, iaeiie/aiiy eeneio,
ca?eueoaiiy ianiai? /anoee aoeeiaiai nie?oo, eooiiii? nie?, caaaeueii?
e?eueeino? ai?iieeneio, ciaioo?oueny ai?no iaeoeiiaeo ?a/iaei,
ee?oeiaeie oa a?oai?i?a.

5. Aeine?aeiei oeyoii oa aeaioiaeaiiyi ae?iaie/i? ia?o?? i?iaeoeoe??
anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e aeio?eiaii? oaiia?aoo?iiai ?aaeeio 0…+20N oa?i?i
caa??aaiiy oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe iiaeo aeae?a a aiaa?iaieo oiiaao
neeaaea? 8 i?nyoe?a c iiiaioa aeaioiaeaiiy.

6. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeicaieeee anoaiiaeoe ii?ie aeo?ao iane
eaionoe i?e caa??aaii? a aaieao oa ae?aeeao, ui neeaaeathoue aeey
eaionoe eaaoaii? ii-oe?a?inueee 2,5-2,8%; aeey eaionoe eaaoaii? aino?i?
3,0-3,6%: aeey ani?o? iai/aaiai eaaoaiiai 3,2-3,8%.

7. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue ?ic?iaeaia ii?iaoeaii-oaoi?/ia
aeieoiaioaoe?y, oaoi?/i? oiiae Oe?a?ie OO O 46.72.065095 “ Eaionoa
eaaoaia ii-oe?a?inueee”, OO O 46.72.066-95 “ Eaionoa eaaoaia aino?a”,
OO O 46.72.067-95 “Ani?o? iai/aaa eaaoaia”, oaoiieia?/i? ?ino?oeoe?? ia
?o ae?iaieoeoai, aaeiaa nenoaia ioe?iee i?aaiieaioe/ieo iieaciee?a
yeino? ia iia? aeaee oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe.

8. Cae?eniaii aeione aeine?aeii-i?iieneiai? ia?o?? iiaeo aeae?a
oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe ia i?aei?e?inoa? a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy
“Oa?aca” Ai?eni?euenueeiai ?eieo Ee?anueei? iaeniiaeeani?eee.

Nienie ae?oeiaaieo ?ia?o:

1. I?eia I.I., ssneinueea I.N., Ineea A.A. Oiaa?iciaa/a oa?aeoa?enoeea
oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe aino?i? // Oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? oa
aaeineiiaeaiiy ani?oeiaioo oiaa??a a oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieo: Ca.
Iaoe. I?aoeue. -E.:EAeOAO, 1996. -N. 87-90.

2. Orlov N.P., Filaret Zh.N., Yasinskaya, N.S. Containerization of
fermented vegetables and fruits production, storage and transportation
// Iaoa??aee iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? «Quality for European
integration». — Iiciaiue. -1996. -N.365-368.

3. Oaoi?/i? oiiae OO O 46.72.065-95 “Eaionoa eaaoaia ii-oe?a?inueee”.
-10n.

4. Oaoiieia?/ia ?ino?oeoe?y ii ae?iaieoeoao “Eaionoa eaaoaia
ii-oe?a?inueee”, caoaa?aeaeaia «Oe?ieiaeiai/i?iiii» 24.05.95. -12n.

5. Oaoi?/i? oiiae OO O 46.72.066-95 “Eaionoa eaaoaia aino?a”- 8 n.

6. Oaoiieia?/ia ?ino?oeoe?y ii ae?iaieoeoao “Eaionoa eaaoaia aino?a”,
caoaa?aeaeaia «Oe?ieiaeiai/i?iiii» 24.05.95. -10n.

7. Oaoi?/i? oiiae OO O 46.72.067-95 “Ani?o? eaaoaia iai/aaa”- 8 n.

8. Oaoiieia?/ia ?ino?oeoe?y ii ae?iaieoeoao “Ani?o? eaaoaia iai/aaa”,
caoaa?aeaeaia «Oe?ieiaeiai/i?iiii» 24.05.95. — 8 n.

9. ssneinueea I.N. Niiaeea/? aeanoeaino? oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe
ii-oe?a?inueee // Iioei?caoe?y ani?oeiaioo oa yeino? oiaa??a a oiiaao
?eieiai? aeiiii?ee: Ca. Iaoe. I?aoeue. -E.:EAeOAO. -1997. -N.98-100.

10. ssneinueea I.N. I?aaiieaioe/ia ioe?iea yeino? iiaeo aeae?a
oa?iaioiaaii? eaionoe// I?iaeaie oiaa?iciaanoaa a ?eieiaeo oiiaao:
Ca.iaoe. i?aoeue. -E.: EAeOAO. -1998. — 143-147.

11. I?eia I.I., ssneinueea I.N. Aieea ?aoeaioo?e oa
ainiiaea?nueei-aioai?/ieo ni?o?a eaionoe ia ?icaeoie i?e?ioei?e i?e
oa?iaioaoe??// No/ani? i?iaeaie oiaa?iciaanoaa: Ca.Iaoe.I?aoeue.-
E.:EAeOAO, 1999.-N.65-70.

ssneinueea I.N. Oiaa?iciaa/a oa?aeoa?enoeea iiaeo aeae?a oa?iaioiaaii?
a?eiaieiai? eaionoe. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.18.15 — oiaa?iciaanoai oa?/iaeo i?iaeoeo?a. —
Ee?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aiaaeueii-aeiiii?/iee oi?aa?neoao, Ee?a 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aea/aiith niiaeeaieo aeanoeainoae iiaeo aeae?a
oa?iaioiaaii? a?eiaieiai? eaionoe i?e ia?a?iaoe? oa o?eaaeiio
caa??aaii?. Aeine?aeaeaii oa?aeoa? o?ceei-o?i?/ieo oa i?e?ia?ieia?/ieo
i?ioean?a i?e oa?iaioaoe?? iiaeo aeae?a oa?iaioiaaii? i?iaeoeoe?? a
caeaaeiino? a?ae oaoiieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae ?a?no?iaaieo
ainiiaea?nueei-aioai?/ieo ni?o?a, eiioeaio?aoe?? eooiiii? nie?,
oaiia?aoo?e oa?iaioaoe?? oa ?aoeaioo?e. ?ic?iaeaii nenoaio aaeiai?
ioe?iee i?aaiieaioe/ieo iieaciee?a oa iioeiaeueio iiaeaeue i?iaiicoaaiiy
??aiy yeino? iiai? i?iaeoeoe??. Aacoth/enue ia aea/aieo o?ce/ieo,
i?aaiieaioe/ieo aeanoeainoae ?ic?iaeaii iioeiaeuei? ?aoeaioo?e ? ii?ie
aeo?ao ne?iaeie. Aecia/aii eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue oa aeiiii?/io
aoaeoeai?noue ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o ae?iaieoeoai iiaeo aeae?a oa?iaioiaaii?
a?eiaieiai? eaionoe.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: a?eiaieiaa eaionoa, oa?iaioaoe?y, niiaeeai? aeanoeaino?,
ye?noue, caa??aaiiy, niin?a ia?a?iaee.

ssneineay I.N. Oiaa?iaaaeiay oa?aeoa?enoeea iiauo aeaeia
oa?iaioe?iaaiiie aaeiei/aiiie eaionou. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ca niaoeeaeueiinoueth 05.18.15 — oiaa?iaaaeaiea ieuaauo i?iaeoeoia. —
Eeaaneee ainoaea?noaaiiue oi?aiai-yeiiiie/aneee oieaa?neoao, Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia eco/aieth iio?aaeoaeueneeo naienoa iiauo aeaeia
oa?iaioe?iaaiiie aaeiei/aiiie eaionou i?e ia?a?aaioea e aeeeoaeueiii
o?aiaiee. Enneaaeiaai oa?aeoa? oeceei-oeie/aneeo e iee?iaeieiae/aneeo
i?ioeannia i?e oa?iaioaoeee iiauo aeaeia oa?iaioe?iaaiiie i?iaeoeoeee a
caaeneiinoe io oaoiieiae/aneeo naienoa ?aaeno?e?iaaiiuo
oicyenoaaiii-aioaie/aneeo ni?oia, eiioeaio?aoeee iiaa?aiiie niee,
oaiia?aoo?u oa?iaioaoeee e ?aoeaioo?u. ?ac?aaioaia nenoaia aaeueiie
ioeaiee i?aaiieaioe/aneeo iieacaoaeae ea/anoaa, ?an/eoaiu eioaa?aeueiua
iieacaoaee ea/anoaa aeey ii?aaeaeaiey iioeiaeueiuo oneiaee i?iecaiaenoaa
iiauo aeaeia oa?iaioe?iaaiiie i?iaeoeoeee aunieeo iio?aaeoaeueneeo
naienoa. Aace?oynue ia eco/aiee oece/aneeo, i?aaiieaioe/aneeo naienoa
?ac?aaioaiu iioeiaeueiua ?aoeaioo?u e ii?iu ?anoiaeia nu?uey. Ec /aou?ao
eco/aiuo ?aeiie?iaaiiuo ia Oe?aeia oicyenoaaiii-aioaie/aneeo ni?oia
aaeiei/aiiie eaionou iaeaieaa i?eaiaeiuie aeey oa?iaioaoeee i?eciaiu
ni?oa Eany, Aeieaioa e Oa?ueeianeay ceiiyy. Iioeiaeueiua oaiia?aoo?u
oa?iaioaoeee aeey iiauo aeaeia i?iaeoeoeee 20-250N. Eiioeaio?aoeey
iiaa?aiiie niee aeey eaaeaeiai iiaiai aeaea eiaeeaeaeoaeueia, a eiaiii:
aeey eaionou eaaoaiiie ino?ie 2,5%; aeey ani?oe iaiuiiai eaaoaiiiai —
1,5%; aeey eaionou eaaoaiiie ii-oe?aeinee ?annie 2,5-3% eiioeaio?aoeee.
Ii?aaeaeai aa?aioeeiue n?ie o?aiaiey iiauo aeaeia i?iaeoeoeee i?e
oaiia?aoo?a 0…+20N ia i?ioyaeaiee 8 ianyoeaa, /oi iaania/eo 100%-iue
auoiae aunieiea/anoaaiiie i?iaeoeoeee. ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee
iicaieeee onoaiiaeoue ii?iu anoanoaaiiie oauee i?e oa?iaioaoeee e
o?aiaiee. Ii?aaeaeaia eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoue e yeiiiie/aneay
yooaeoeaiinoue aiaae?aiey a i?iecaiaenoai iiauo aeaeia oa?iaioe?iaaiiie
aaeiei/aiiie eaionou.

N oeaeueth ?anoe?aiey anni?oeiaioa oa?iaioe?iaaiiuo iaiuae, oaaee/aiey
iauaiia e n?ieia iio?aaeaiey aaeiei/aiiie eaionou, nie?auaiey iioa?ue
i?e o?aiaiee aa a naaaeai aeaea ?aeiiaiaeiaaii aiaae?eoue a eieeaeoeaiuo
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo i?aaei?eyoeyo, ieiaeiiaiuiuo aacao, eiina?aiuo
caaiaeao, oa?ia?neeo oicyenoaao, a aeiiaoieo oneiaeyo e i?aaei?eyoeyo
iauanoaaiiiai ieoaiey oaoiieiaeth i?iecaiaenoaa iiauo aeaeia
oa?iaioe?iaaiiie aaeiei/aiiie eaionou.

?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee iaiauaiu a 8 noaoueyo, ooaa?aeaeaiu OO e OE ii
i?iecaiaenoao iiauo aeaeia oa?iaioe?iaaiiie i?iaeoeoeee, iieo/aii 2
?aoaiey ia auaea/o iaoaioia ia ecia?aoaiey niiniaia i?iecaiaenoaa.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aaeiei/aiiay eaionoa, oa?iaioaoeey, iio?aaeoaeueneea
naienoaa, ea/anoai, o?aiaiea, niinia ia?a?aaioee.

Yasinska N.S. Commodity description of new types of fermentation of
white cabbage. — Manuscript.

Dissertation for a degree of «Candidate of Science» (Technical
Sciences), 05.18.15 — Foodstuffs science. — Kiev State University of
Trade and Economics, Kiev 1999.

Dissertation is devoted to a study of consumer properties of new types
of fermented white cabbage during processing and long-term storage.

Organoleptic physico-chemical and micro-biological processes during
fermentation of new types of fermented products according to
technological properties of economic-botanic kinds of it, concentration
of cooking salt, temperature of fermentation and recipes have been
investigated. A system of scoring of organoleptic indicators and the
optimal model of forecasting the level of quality of new products has
been elaborated. Optimal recipes and norms of raw material spending have
been worked out on the basis of studied physical organoleptic
properties. Competitiveness and economic effectiveness of new kinds of
fermented white cabbage implementation into production have been
determined.

Key words: white cabbage, fermentation, consumer properties, quality,
storage, way of processing.

Похожие записи