Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiaee a?a??i?/iee oeaio?

?acoiaiei TH??e Eiinoyioeiiae/

OAeE 613.472+615.9+541.697

OIENEEIEIAI-A?A??I?*IA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA

EAI?IENEAe?A O CA’ssCEO C I?IAEAIITH

NAI?OA?II? IOI?IIE AIAeIEIEU

14.02.01 – a?a??ia

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? IIC
Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:Aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? AEoeia A?eoi?
?aaiiae/, Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoth/ee
eaoaae?ith

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:Aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? I?ieiiia A’y/aneaa
Ieaenaiae?iae/, IAe? caaaeueii? oa eiioiaeueii? a?a??ie ?i. I.I.
Ia?ca?aa IIC Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoth/ee eaai?aoi???th aiaeiiinoa/aiiy oa
ioi?iie aiaeieieu;

Aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Noaiaiaiei Aaiaae?e Iaianiae/,
Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. I.I. Aiaiiieueoey, i?ioani?
eaoaae?e

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:?inoeooo aeia?a??ie oa oieneeieia?? ?i. E.?.
Iaaeaaaey, a?aeae?e a?a??ie ianoeoeeae?a oa aa?io?i?eao?a, IIC Oe?a?ie,
i. Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “23” ea?oiy 1999 ?. i 10.00 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae26.604.01 a Oe?a?inueeiio iaoeiaiio
a?a??i?/iiio oeaio?? ca aae?anith: 253660, i. Ee?a-94, aoe. Iiioae?aiea,
50.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?a?e?ioaoe? Oe?a?inueeiai
iaoeiaiai a?a??i?/iiai oeaio?o: i. Ee?a, aoe. Iiioae?aiea, 50.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “13” aa?aciy 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaeeNaeaciueia A.TH.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

AEOOAEUeI?NOUe OAIE. No/aniee ??aaiue iaoa??aeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ?ioaineaiei ?inoii o?i?/ii? i?iieneiaino?. Ia oe?ieiio
aeei?enoaii? ?? i?iaeoeoe??, a oiio /ene? ieanoian, o?i?/ieo aieieii,
neioaoe/ieo eao/oe?a, iiaa?oiaai-aeoeaieo ?a/iaei aaco?oueny i?ia?an
aaaaoueio aaeocae ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa. ?icoe?aiiy ianooaa?a aaeeei?
o?i?? ni?ey? ca?eueoaiith e?eueeino? no?/ieo aiae, a oiio /ene? ? oeo,
ye? aaaeei i?aeaeathoueny i/euaiith. Aaeee? o?i?/i? eiia?iaoe
niiaeeaath/e aei 1 i?eueeiia eoaiiao??a aiaee ia aeiao, a?eueoo /anoeio
??, caa?oaeiaii? o?i?/ieie aeii?oeaie, iiaa?oathoue iacaae o aiaeieieua.
Oea iaaea? i?iaeai? ioi?iie aiaeieo ?ano?n?a aaaeeeaa ia o?eueee o
nai?oa?iiio a?aeiioaii?, aea ? caaaeueia ia?iaeii-ainiiaea?nueea
cia/aiiy. Oa?aeoa?ieie ?enaie ia’?eo?a ?: ?ioaineaia ?ic?iaea oa
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o ae?iaieoeoai iiaeo oaoiieia?/ieo noai, oe?ieee
ani?oeiaio i?iaeoeoe??, oaeaeea ia?inoaiiy ae?iaie/eo iiooaeiinoae,
ia?aoai?aiiy ?o o aaeee? eiia?iaoe oa ?ici?uaiiy iniiaieo i?aei?e?inoa a
aonoi ianaeaieo /anoeiao e?a?ie, aea ye a?aeiii /anoi neeaaeathoueny
iaaaoeai? oiiae aeei?enoaiiy aiaee (A.A.?oaeaeei, 1982; A. ?.
Neaei?aiei, 1988; A.I.E?anianueeee, 1996).

Iaeiei ?c iaea?eueo nooo?aeo aeaea?ae caa?oaeiaiiy aiaeieieu ?
i?iaeoeoe?y i?aai?/iiai neioaco. No?/i? aiaee oeeo ia’?eo?a i?e
iiiaaeaii? o aiaeieieua iiaeooue aeeeeeaoe na?eici? cao?oaeiaiiy o
iinoa/aii? ianaeaiiy aeia?iye?niith aiaeith oa aeei?enoaiiy ?? c
icaei?ia/ith iaoith. Aei iaaeinoaoiuei-aea/aieo o a?a??i?/iiio
a?aeiioaii? niieoe, ui iiaeooue caa?oaeithaaoe aiaeieieua, a?aeiinyoueny
i?aai?/i? niieoee ia iniia? i?inoeo iie?ao???a — eai?ieneaee. Oe?
?a/iaeie oe?iei aeei?enoiaothoueny a ia?iaeiiio ainiiaea?noa? aeey
iaea?aeaiiy aiae?a, eae?a, ieanoian, iie?o?aoai?a, i?iiieano?a,
oa?iiieano?a, aiieneaeieo niie oa ?ioa.

Aeine?aeaeaiith i?aeeyaaee oae? eai?ieneaee ye: o?eae?oeaaeeeiaee ao??
iie?ienei?ii?eaio??ie 303, 503, 703 ? ie?aiao??iiiiaiieneae 512. Ui??/ia
ae?iaieoeoai oeeo niieoe o e?a?iao NIAe a?eueoa 50000 oii. Ia an?o
aoaiao neioaco, eaoae?co, ieeneaiiy, a?ae?aoaoe?? ooai?ththoueny no?/i?
aiaee, ye? iiaeooue caa?oaeithaaoe aiaei? ia’?eoe. Ca aeaieie oaoi?/iiai
?aaeaiaioo ia iaeio oiio aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? ooai?th?oueny a?ey 40-60 i3
no?/ii? aiaee, yea iiaea iinooiaoe o aiaei? ia’?eoe, caaaeath/e oeiaee
?o nai?oa?iiio noaio oa caei?ia’th ianaeaiiy. I?i oiene/i?noue,
a?ieia?/io aeoeai?noue, aieea ?a/iaei ia oiiae aeei?enoaiiy ? caei?ia’y
ianaeaiiy a e?oa?aoo??, yea ?, iiai?noth a?aenooi? aeai?, iaia?
na?aeioeoa i?i ?o a?a??i?/io ?aaeaiaioaoe?th o aiae? aiaeieo ia’?eo?a.
Ana oea iaoiiaeei aeooaeuei?noue i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

CA’ssCIE ?IAIOE C IAOEIAEIE I?IA?AIAIE, IEAIAIE, OAIAIE.

?iaioa aeeiioaaeanue ii caaaeueii-nithci?e i?ia?ai? 010,04.
caoaa?aeaeai?e AeEIO, Aea?aeieaiii N?N? 8.12.1981 .? 491/244, a oaeiae
iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e i?ia?ai? 020 «Iia? o?i?/i? iaoa??aee», caoaa?aeaeai?e
AeEIO 30.01.1985 ? 555 (Aeoe ai?iaaaeaeaiiy). Iiia? aea?aeaaii?
?aa?no?aoe?? 01860021125. «Iaa?oiooaaiiy a?aie/ii aeiionoeieo
eiioeaio?aoe?e o?i?/ieo niieoe a ia’?eoao iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua».

IAOA ? CAAeA*? AeINE?AeAEAIUe. Iaoa ?iaioe — iaa?oiooaaiiy a?aie/ii
aeiionoeieo eiioeaio?aoe?e o?eae?oeaaeeeiaiai ao??o iie?ienei?ii?eai
o??ieo I.i. 300, 500. 700 ? ie?aiao??iiiiaiieneaeo I.i. 512 o aiae?
aiaeieieu ia iniia? aea/aiiy aieeao ?o ia i?aaiieaioe/i? aeanoeaino?
aiaee, i?ioeane naiii/euaiiy aiaeieieu ? eiiieaenii?
oieneeieiai-a?a??i?/ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe aoee aecia/ai? ianooii? caaea/?:

?. Aea/eoe aieea niieoe ia i?aaiieaioe/i? aeanoeaino? aiaee oa
nai?oa?iee ?aaeei aiaeieieu;

2. Aecia/eoe ii?iaia? oa iaeneiaeueii iaae?th/? aeice aino?i? oa
o?ii?/ii? oiene/iino? eai?ieneae?a;

3. ?ice?eoe iniaeeaino? iaoai?cio a?ieia?/ii? ae?? aea/ath/eo niieoe;

4. Aea/eoe a?aeaeaeai? iane?aeee aieeao ?a/iaei ia i?aai?ci
(aiiaaeioiene/iee, aia??ioiene/iee, oa?aoiaaiiee, iooaaaiiee aoaeoe) oa
?ioiia?ieia?/io ?aaeoeai?noue;

5. Iaa?oiooaaoe a?aie/ii aeiionoei? eiioeaio?aoe?? a?oie eai?ieneae?a o
aiae? aiaeieieu ainiiaea?nueei-ieoiiai oa eoeueoo?ii-iiaooiaiai
i?ecia/aiiy.

IAOEIAA IIAECIA IAeA?AEAIEO ?ACOEUeOAO?A. Aeaia iiaeeaeaia
oieneeieiai-a?a??i?/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea a?oie i?aia?ao?a i?aai?/iiai
neioaco, i?e oeueiio anoaiiaeaii, ui iniiaiei iaoai?ciii ?o a?ieia?/ii?
ae?? ? ii?ooaiiy ieenethaaeueii-iiiiaethaaeueieo i?ioean?a,
a?iaia?aaoeee, ieenethaaeueiiai oinoi?eethaaiiy. Anoaiiaeai? a?aeaeaeai?
iane?aeee aieeao aea/ath/eo niieoe ia oaieie?iaieo oaa?ei oa
iaa?oioiaaia iioaioe?eia aaciaea eai?ieneae?a aeey aiaeieo ia’?eo?a oa
caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy.

I?AEOE*IA CIA*AIIss IO?EIAIEO ?ACOEUeOAO?A. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
aeicaieeee iaa?oiooaaoe ii?iaoeae ii ?aaeaiaioaoe?? a?oie ?a/iaei o
aiae? aiaeieieu, ye? aoee caoaa?aeaeai? IIC N?N? (NaiI?i ? 4630-88).
A?aie/ii aeiionoei? eiioeaio?aoe?? a yeino? a?a??i?/ieo ii?iaoea?a
aeei?enoai? aeey iaa?oiooaaiiy oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo ?ic?aooie?a oa
i?iaaaeaiiy iiia?aaeaeoaaeueiiai oa iioi/iiai nai?oa?iiai iaaeyaeo a
iaeano? ioi?iie aiaeieieu a?ae caa?oaeiaiiy no?/ieie aiaeaie, ye?
i?noyoue o?eae?oeaaeeeiaee ao?? iie?ienei?ii?eaio??ie I.i 300, 500, 700
? ie?aiao??iiiiaiieneae I.i 512.

A?a??i?/i? ii?iaoeae iieeaaeai? a iniiao oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo ?ic?aooie?a
i?e i?iaeooaaii? ae?iaieoeoaa eai?ieneae?a oa ie?aiao???a ia
???aaae?inueeiio o?icaaiae? A?eai?iaenueei? iaeano?, eai?ieneae?a ia
Ia?oio?aaiaaiio “AI O?ii?ii” Oa?e?anueei? iaeano?.

INIAENOEE AIANIE CAeIAOAA*A.

?. Aeine?aeaeaii aieea niieoe ia i?aaiieaioe/i? aeanoeaino? aiaee,
nai?oa?iee ?aaeei aiaeieieu oa i?aai?ci oaieie?iaieo oaa?ei a oiiaao
aino?iai oa i?aeaino?iai aenia?eiaioo. Anoaiiaeai? ii?iaia?
eiioeaio?aoe?? ii i?aaiieaioe/i?e ? caaaeueiinai?oa?i?e iciaoe?
oe?aeeeaino?. Aecia/ai?: eean iaaaciaee, eoioeyoeai?,
oe??i-iiae?acithth/?, oe??i-?aci?aoeai? aeanoeaino?, ii?iaia? (IAe) oa
iaeneiaeueii iaae?th/? aeice (IIAe) o i?aeaino?iio aeine?ae?. Aeaia
ioe?iea a?aeaeaeaieo iane?aee?a aieeao ia i?aai?ci oaieie?iaieo oaa?ei
(aiiaaeioiene/iee, aia??ioiene/iee, iooaaaiiee, oa?aoiaaiiee aoaeoe).
Aea/aii aieea niieoe ia ?ioiia?ieia?/io ?aaeoeai?noue.

2. ?ice?eoi iaoai?ci a?ieia?/ii? ae?? c’?aeiaiue i?e iaaeoiaeaeaii? ?o a
i?aai?ci.

3. Iaa?oioiaai? iaoe?aeeea? ??ai? ai?noo (iayaiino?) /ioe?ueio ia?ie
eai?ieneae?a o aiae? aiaeieieu eoeueoo?ii-iiaooiaiai oa
ainiiaea?/i-ieoiiai i?ecia/aiiy. I?iaaaeaia noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea
iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. A aeena?oaoe?? ia aeei?enoai? ?aea? aai
?ic?iaee ni?aaaoi??a iaoeiaeo i?aoeue.

AI?IAAOe?ss ?ACOEUeOAO?A AeENA?OAOe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia naeoe?? «A?a??ia aiaee oa nai?oa?ia ioi?iia
aiaeieieu» (Iineaa, 1988); Oa?e?anueeiio iaoeiaiio iaaee/iiio oiaa?enoa?
(1995, 1996, 1997, 1998); Ananithciiio Ieaioi? naeoe?? “A?a?aia aiaee oa
nai?oa?ia ioi?iia aiaeieieu” (Oa?e?a, 1991); iaeani?e eiioa?aioe??
a?a??i?no?a oa nai?oa?ieo e?ea??a (Oa?e?a, 1993, 1994);

i?nuee?e eiioa?aioe?? a?a??i?no?a oa nai?oa?ieo e?ea??a (Oa?e?a, 1994);

eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo o/aieo Oa?e?anueeiai iaae?inoeoooo (Oa?e?a, 1995);

I?ae?aa?iiaeuei?e eiioa?aioe?? a?a??i?no?a oa nai?oa?ieo e?ea??a
(Oa?e?a, 1996, 1997).

IOAE?EAOe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? iaaaaeai? a 11 iaoeiaeo
?iaioao, ye? iaae?oeiaai? a ca??ieeao ca oaoii.

NO?OEOO?A OA IANssA ?IAIOE. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, 5
?icae?e?a, aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, caeeth/aiiy, nienea aeei?enoaieo
aeaea?ae oa aeiaeaoeo A c aeoaie ai?iaaaeaeaiiy. ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia
219 noi??ieao ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo. C ieo 45 oaaeeoeue ia 60 noi??ieao, 5
iaethie?a ia 4 noi??ieao, aeiaeaoie A c aeoaie ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ia 67
noi??ieao. Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae i?noeoue 268 iaeiaioaaiue ia 26
noi??ieao.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE.

IAOIAeE OA IA’?EOE AeINE?AeAEAIIss. Aea?? ia’?eo?a aeine?aeaeaiue
iaoiiaeaii a cia/i?e i??? iaiao?aei?noth io?eiaiiy eiiieaenii?
oieneeieiai-a?a??i?/ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee ? iaa?oiooaaii? iaoe?aeeeaeo
??ai?a ai?noo o?eae?oeeaeeeiaiaiie?aiao??o iie?ien?i?ii?eaio??iea I.i
300, 500, 700 ? ie?aiao??iiiiaiieneaea I.i 512 o aiae? aiaeieieu
ainiiaea?/i-ieoiiai oa eoeueoo?ii-iiaooiaiai i?ecia/aiiy. O ?iaio?
aeei?enoai? c?acee ?a/iaei, i?aaenoaaeaieo IAI “Neioac IAA” i. Uaaaeeii
c ?aaeaiaioiaaieie o?ceei-o?i?/ieie ia?aiao?aie.

Iniiai? o?ceei-o?i?/i? aeanoeaino? oa eiinoaioe niieoe. Eai?ieneaee 303,
503, 703 — o?eae?oeeaeeeiaee ao?? iie?ienei?ii?eaio??iea, a?aeiia?aeii
I.i 300, 500, 700 i?aaenoaaey? niaith a’yceo i?ici?o ??aeeio,
na?oei-aeiaoiai eieuei?o, i?noeoue 13-16% aiieneaeieo a?oi,
a?ae?ieneeueieo 0,5 — 1,2 %. Oyao/?noue ii Oaiea?o i?e 25i N 150-220
naioeioac, u?euei?noue a/eoa.ni i?e 25i N — 1,094, oaiia?aoo?a niaeaoo —
218° N, aeia?a ?ic/eiy?oueny o i?aai?/ieo ?ic/eiieeao, o aiae? noai?th?
no?eeo aioeuen?th. Ia? oa?aeoa?iee ao??iee caiao. No?oeoo?ia oi?ioea:

CH3
CH2Cl I
ICH2 — O — (CH2CH — O)2 – CH2-CH – OCH2 — CH – CH2
I CH3
/ I
OCH — O — (CH2-CH — O)2 – CH2-CH – CH2
I CH3 /
I OCH2 – O —
(CH2-CH — O)3 – CH2-CH — CH2
/
O

Eai?ieneae 512 — ie?aiao??iiiiaiieneae, na?oei-aeiaoiai eieuei?o,
??aeeia I.I 512, u?euei?noue — 1,005 a/eoa.ni, aeia?a ?ic/eiy?oueny o
i?aai?/ieo ?ic/eiieeao oa aiae?, ai?no aiieneaeieo a?oi 7,5 -10%.
oaiia?aoo?a niaeaoo 240i N, no?oeoo?ia oi?ioea:

HI — (NH2 – CH2 — O)n – NH2 — NH2 – NI2 — gen=8-10
/ O

Aenia?eiaioaeueia /anoeia aeine?aeaeaiue aeeiiaia a?aeiia?aeii c
“Iaoiaee/aneeie oeacaieyie ii ?ac?aaioea e iao/iiio iainiiaaieth
i?aaeaeueii aeiionoeieo eiioeaio?aoeee a?aaeiuo aauanoa a aiaea
aiaeiaiia” I.:1975, ?1296-75. Aeine?aee ii anoaiiaeaiith ia?aiao??a
oiene/iino? i?iaaaeai? ia a?eeo uo?ao oa ieoao ca Ea?aa?ii,
Aa?ain-Oeinna?ii, ia ii?nueeeo naeieao ca Aeaeoiaiii oa Ea-Aeaieii
(I.E.Aaeaiueeee, 1963) c o?aooaaiiyi iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e
I.I.?e?ca?iai? (1964, 1971), A.I.E?anianueeiai (1966). Eoioeyoeai?
aeanoeaino? i?aia?ao?a aea/aeenue ca A.I.E?anianueeei (1970).
eiao?oe??io eoioeyoe?? (EE) aecia/aii ca oi?ioeith TH.N.Eaaaia oa
A.A.Noaieaae/a.

Oaa?eie i?ney aino?i? ae?? i?aeeyaaee iaoieiai-aiaoii?/iiio
aeine?aeaeaiith. Aeey iaa?oiooaaiiy iniaeeainoae iaoai?cio a?ieia?/ii?
ae?? ?a/iaei o i?aeaino?iio aeine?ae? aeei?enoaii oe?ieee niaeo?
iaoiaeee, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue noai i?aai?a, nenoai oa ooieoe?e i?aai?cio
oaa?ei. A aeine?aeieo oa eiio?ieueieo a?oiao ia?aoiaoaaeinue ii 15-20
oaa?ei (a?e? uo?e — naioe? oa naiee). Niieoee aaiaeeee a oeoiie ca
aeiiiiiaith ciiaea. Aea/aii ae?th aeic 1/10; 1/100; 1/1000; 1/10000
AeE50. I?ney ciyooy oiiiaeo iieaciee?a niinoa?aaeaiiy aaeiny ca oaeeie
oanoaie: aeeiai?ea aaae oa caaaeueiee noai a?eeo uo??a c o?aooaaiiyi
iaoiaee/ieo ii?aae I.I.?e?ca?iai? (1971), noai a?ei? oa /a?aiii? e?ia?
ca caaaeueiia?aeiieie iaoiaeeeaie (A.A.I?aaeoa/einueeee, 1964).
E?euee?nia noi?iia III ioe?ithaaeanue ii NI2 (I.A.*aeea, 1965). sse?nia
noi?iia ieenii-iiiiaethaaeueieo i?ioean?a ioe?ithaaeanue ca aeeiai?eith
aeoeaiino? oa?iaioaoeaiiai noaoono (O.Iae-Ith?ae, 1980). Aeoeai?noue
ia?ieneaeace, aeooao?iiia?ieneaeace, eaeoaoaeaa?ae?iaaiace (EAeA),
iaeaoaeaa?ae?iaaiace (IAeA) aecia/aeenue caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie iaoiaeaie —
eaoaeaca ca Aaoii oa Coaeiaith (I.Ae. Iiaeeeue/ae. 1967). Iayai?noue
a?oai?io «N» a ia/?ioe? oa iaaeie?eiaeo caeicao ioe?ithaaeany ca
O.W.A?rch et al., 1933. Noeueoa?ae?eeuei? SI-a?oie aecia/aeenue iaoiaeii
aiia?iiao?e/iiai oeo?oaaiiy, aeooao?ii ca W.W Eao et al.,
(I.?.I?ioi?iaa. 1982).

Aeeiai?ea aeoeaiino? noeoeeiaoaeaa?ae?iaaiace (NAeA), oie?ianoa?ace
(OA). aetheici-6-oinoaoaeaa?ae?iaaiace (A-6-OAeA), Na2+ oa Mg2+
caeaaeii? AOOace, eoaeii? oinoaoace (EO), aeai?iiai? (AeO) oa
ania?aa?iiai? (AnO) ai?iio?ainoa?ac, e?aao?ioinoie?iace (EOE),
oinoio?oeoie?iace (OOE), v-a?ae?ieneaooe?aoaeaa?ae?iaaiace (v-AAOA),
j-aeooaiaoo?ainoa?ace (j-AO) e?ia? aea/aeinue oi?o?eiaaieie iaoiaeaie
(A.N. Anao?ai?, 1969) c ianooiiith ?a?no?aoe??th ia iai?aaaoiiaoe/iiio
aiae?caoi?? ??O-901 o??ie «Labsystem» (O?ieyiae?y).

Iaeiie/aiiy i?iaeoeo?a ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a, ae??iiaeo
eii’thaao?a, iaeiiiaiai ae?aeueaeaa?aeo aecia/aeinue ca
TH.A.Aeaaeeie?iaei oa A.?.A?/aeiaei (1972). ?ioaineai?noue
a?ioai?ethi?ianoeaioe?? i?aai?a oa oeaiei ?a?no?oaaeanue ia iaaee/iiio
a?ioai?ethi?iiiao?? OEIOe1-01.

Aene?aoi?ia ooieoe?y ia/?iee aea/aeanue ii aeeiai?oe?
a?iinoeueoaea?iia?e i?ia? (E.ss.Ai?ii?ia, 1973).

I?e?iaeaiaioe (Na, E, Na, Ig, In, Nu, Zn) aecia/aeenue ca iaoiaeii ?.A.
Eieei (1967) ? A.I.Aaaaiei (1968).

A?noieia?/iiio aeine?aeaeaiith i?aeeyaaee ia/?iea, ie?ee, naeac?iea,
aieiaiee iicie, eeoa/iee, eaaai?, na?oea, oeoieiai-eeoeiaee o?aeo. I?e
o?enaoe??, i?iaiaeoe?, oa?aoaaii? oe?ei? na??? c??c?a ei?enooaaeenue
eeane/ieie iaoiaeaie (I.A.Aieeia, TH.E. Aeaoeueeee, 1982).
A?noio?i?/iiio aea/aiith i?aeeyaaee ia/?iea, ie?ee, naeac?iea, aieiaiee
iicie, iaaeie?eia? caeice, a yeeo aecia/aeanue aeoeai?noue: EAeA, NAeA,
a-AAAeA, IAI, A-6-OAeA, IAAeI2 ca iaoiaeii Astaldi Verdi (1957), ?IE,
AeIE aecia/aee ii Aeia?niio ( A.I??n, 1962).

A?aeaeaeai? iane?aeee aieeao aeine?aeaeaieo ?a/iaei ia i?aai?ci oaa?ei
(aiiaaeioiene/iee, aia??ioiene/iee, iooaaaiiee, oa?aoiaaiiee) aea/aii
ca?aeii iaoiaee/ieo aeac?aie “Iaoiaee/aneea oeacaiey ii eco/aieth
aiiaaeioiene/aneiai aeaenoaey oeie/aneeo aauanoa i?e aeaeaie/aneii
ii?ie?iaaiee a aiaea aiaeiaiia” I.:IC N?N?, 1981; “Iaoiaee/aneea
oeacaiey ii eco/aieth yia?eioiene/aneiai aeaenoaey oeie/aneeo aauanoa
i?e aeaeaie/aneii iainiiaaiee eo IAeE a aiaea aiaeiuo iauaeoia” I.:
1984, ?2926-83; “Iaoiaee/aneea oeacaiey ii eco/aieth iooaaaiiie
aeoeaiinoe oeie/aneeo aauanoa i?e iainiiaaiee eo IAeE a aiaea” I.: IC
N?N?, 1986, ?4110-86.

I?e ioe?ioe? aea?a?/ieo aeanoeainoae o?i?/ieo niieoe ea?oaaeenue
aoaiiith noaiith aeyaeaiith nainea?e?coth/eo aeanoeainoae (A.A.?oaeaeei
oa ?io?, 1982) c iinoaiiaeith aioo??oiueioe??ieo, iaoe??ieo,
eii’theoeaaeueieo i?ia oa ?ioiieia?/ieo oano?a: ?aaeoe?y niaoeeo?/iiai
e?ceno eaeeioeeo?a (?NEE), ?aaeoe?y niaoeeo?/iiai iioeiaeaeaiiy
aacio?e?a (?NIA).

?ioiia?ieia?/ia ?aaeoeai?noue i?aai?cio a?aoiaoaaeanue ca
ieaciioeeoa?iith ?aaeoe??th naeac?iee oa e?ioaoe/ieo aoce?a
(A.E.Ao?aae/. 1969).

I?e aea/aii? noaa?eueiino?, aeano?oeoe?? oa o?ainoi?iaoe?? ?a/iaei a
aiaeieo ?ic/eiao canoiniaoaaany i?yiee iaoiae ia ?ioa?oa?iiao?? ?O?-1
(?.I.Iieaaaa e niaao., 1979) oa iai?yi? iaoiaee (caiao, i?eniae,
i?iiooai?aiiy).

Aieea ia i?aaiieaioe/i? aeanoeaino? oa nai?oa?iee ?aaeei aiaeieieua
ioe?ithaaany ca caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie iaoiaeaie (TH.TH.Eo?’?,
A.?.?eai?eiaa, 1974) c o?aooaaiiyi iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e
N.I.*a?e?inueeiai oa A.I.E?anianueeiai (1962).

Iaoa??aee nai?oa?ii-oieneeieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ia?iaeai? noaoenoe/ii
?c canoinoaaiiyi e?eoa??th No’thaeaioa, aeey iacia/ieo aea??ie e?eoa??th
Oa oa A?euee?iniia ?c canoinoaaiiyi oeeo?iai? ia/enethaaeueii? iaoeie
AN-1022.

A aenia?eiaioaeuei?e /anoei? ?iaioe aeey iaea?aeaiiy oaeoe/iiai
iaoa??aeo aoei aeei?enoaii 850 a?eeo uo??a, 200 a?eeo ieoae, 100
ii?nueeeo naeiie, 40 e?ie?a. Aeey ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaea/
aeei?enoiaoaaee nai?oa?ii-o?i?/i?, aaeoa??ieia?/i?, a?ae?ia?ieia?/i?,
oieneeieia?/i?, ?aae?i?cioiii? oa noaoenoe/i? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy.

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIIss OA ?O IAAIAI?AIIss. Aenia?eiaioaeueia
/anoeia aeine?aeaeaiue ia ia?oiio aoai? ia?aaeaa/aea aea/aiiy aieeio
?a/iaei ia i?aaiieaioe/i? aeanoeaino? aiaee, i?ioean naiii/euaiiy
aiaeieieu, oa i?aai?ci oaieie?iaieo oaa?ei c iaa?oiooaaiiyi i?iaiico
iaaaoeaiiai aieeao i?iaeoeo?a aeano?oeoe?? oa o?ainoi?iaoe?? aea/a?ieo
niieoe. I?e oeueiio a ia?oo /a?ao aeine?aeaeoaaeanue noaa?euei?noue
?a/iaei o aiaeieo ?ic/eiao. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue na?ae/eee, ui a
?ic/eiao ai?no ?noiaeieo ?a/iaei neeaaeaa a?eueo i?ae 50% ia 30 aeiao
aeniiceoe??. I?e oeueiio oaeaee?noue ?iciaaeo caeaaeaea a?ae
eiioeaio?aoe?? niieoe oa iieaeoey?ii? iane. Ia??iae iai?a?iciaaeo
?a/iaei a oeacai? no?iee niinoa?aaeaiiy ia onoaiiaeaii. Oe? aeai?
na?ae/aoue i?i aenieo noaa?euei?noue aea/ath/eo niieoe, ui
i?aeoaa?aeaeoaaeinue ? iai?yieie iaoiaeaie aeine?aeaeaiue: aeeiai?ea
caiaoo, i?eniaeo, i?iiooai?aiiy.

Aecia/aiiy aieeao ?a/iaei ia anoaoe/i? iieacieee aiaee iieacaei, ui an?
aiie iaaeaaaee aiae? a??eoaaoi-a’yceee i?eniae, niaoeeo?/iee caiao ao??o
? i?iiooai?aiiy (oaae.1). A eiioeaio?aoe?yo aei 2000 ia/e aiie ia
aieeaaee ia iooi?noue oa i?ici??noue aiaee. Aea/aiiy na?ae/eee, ui
eai?ieneaee ia ??ai? ii?iaiaeo eiioeaio?aoe?e ii i?eniaeo, caiaoo ia
ci?ithaaee i?aaiieaioe/i? yeino? aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a. E?i?oiaaiith
i?aaiieaioe/iith iciaeith oe?aeeeaino? ? i?iiooai?aiiy ia ??ai? 0,3 ia/e
aeey eai?ieneae?a 703, 503, 303 ? 0,1 ia/e aeey ieeaino??iiiiaiieneaea
E-512.

Oaaeeoey1

Aieea eai?ieneae?a ia i?aaiieaioe/i? aeanoeaino? aiaee

?a/iaeiaIi?iaia?eiioeaio?aoe??(ia/e) ia ??ai? 2-o aae?a
I±mCaiaoI?eniaeI?iiooai?aiiyI?ici??noueE-3036,9± 0,2627,8±0,90,3aei
2000ia/e ia
aieeaa?E-5035,0±0,2432,0±0,950,3-“-E-7034,2±0,8538,2±1,20,3-“-E-5127,8±0
,6514,3±0,940,1-“-Aeine?aeaeoaaia a?oia niieoe aeyaeea noiaeee aieea ia
nai?oa?iee ?aaeei aiaeieieu. A caeaaeiino? a?ae eiioeaio?aoe?? aiie
caeaoi? i?aeaeuoaaoe a?io?i?/io iio?aao eenith, aaeueioaaoe
i?ia?ae?caoe?th i?aai?/ieo ?a/iaei, cieaeoaaoe ??aaiue ?ic/eiaiiai a
aiae? eenith. A eiioeaio?aoe?yo aei 100,0 ia/e ia ci?ithaaee aeoeaio
?aaeoe?th aiaee. Ii?iaia? eiioeaio?aoe?? ii aieeao ia AIE onoaiiaeai? ia
??ai? 25,0 ? 50,0 ia/e a?aeiia?aeii, aeey aieeao niieoe ia
aiii?o?eaoe?th ? i?o?eo?eaoe?th i?aai?/ieo ?a/iaei yaeyeanue 25,0 ia/e,
a ii aieeao ia ?ic/eiaiee eenaiue 50,0 ia/e. Aea/ai? ?a/iaeie a
eiioeaio?aoe?yo aei 2000 ia/e ia i?iyee ?I aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a.

Aieea ia aiaei? i?aai?cie (Daphnia magna) iieacaa, ui an? ?a/iaeie
aeyaeythoue oiene/io ae?th ia oeae aeae iaei?ino?oeo. Ii?iaia?
eiioeaio?aoe?? aecia/ai? ia ??aiyo: 5,0 ? 10,0 ia/e; a?aeiia?aeii aeey
eai?ieneae?a 703, 503, 303 ? ie?aiao??iiiiaiieneaea 512.

Ia?oi/a?aiaei caaaeaiiyi oieneeieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aoei
anoaiiaeaiiy ia?aiao??a oiene/iino?, aeaeiai? /ooeeaino?, ee?i?/ii?
ea?oeie io?o?iiy. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ia oaieie?iaieo oaa?eiao iieacaee, ui
?a/iaeie a?aeiinyoueny aei iaeioiene/ieo (4-e eean iaaaciaee), ia
aieiae?thoue oe??i-iiae?acithth/eie aeanoeainoyie ? aeaeiaith
/ooeea?noth. Ia?aiao?e oiene/iino? AeE50 anoaiiaeai? ia ??aiyo: 5,75;
8,5; 8,10; 26,7 a?aeiia?aeii aeey eai?ieneae?a 303, 503, 703 ? 512.
Eiao?oe??ioe eoioeyoe?? (Ee) neeaaeaee 7,6; 7,9; 8,9; 9,28 a?aeiia?aeii
aeey eai?ieneae?a 303, 503, 703 ? 512. Ca?aeii ?nioth/i? eeaneo?eaoe??
eai?ieneaee a?aeiinyoueny aei iaeioiene/ieo ? neaaieoioeyoeaieo niieoe
(oaae. 2). Aeaeiaa /ooeea?noue ia aeyaeaia.

A?aeiia?aeii c eeaneo?eaoe??th E.?.Iaaeaaaey (1968), Ee > 5 na?ae/eoue
i?i neaae? eoioeyoeai? aeanoeaino? aeine?aeaeoaaieo niieoe. Ee?i?/ia
ea?oeia aino?iai io?o?iiy oa?aeoa?ecoaaeany ii?ooaiiyi ooieoe?e OeIN,
aeeoaiiy oa aaiiaeeiai?ee. Oe??i-?aci?aoeai? aeanoeaino? a neaae?e i???
i?eoaiaii? an?i ?a/iaeiai. I?e ioe?ioe? aoaeoo i?iieeiaiiy niieoe /a?ac
iaiioeiaeaeaio oe??o aoa aeei?enoaiee iaoiae a?ioai?ethi?ianoeaioe??
(A.I.E?anianeee e niaao., 1989). ?acoeueoao na?ae/aoue i?i ca?eueoaiiy
?ioaineaiino? AOE e?ia? a?eeo uo??a c ia?oiai /ano aie?eaoe?? o?i?/ieo
niieoe, ui aea? iiaeeea?noue noaeeoe i?i ?o neaaeee oe??i-?aci?aoeaiee
aoaeo.

Oaaeeoey 2

Ia?aiao?e oiene/iino? eai?ieneae?a

?a/iaeiaAeae oaa?eiAeE0AeE50AeE100AO50EeEean aaciaeeE-303a?e?
uo?e4,05,757,014,27,64

a?e? ieo?4,05,637,012,4

4E-503a?e? uo?e7,08,510,015,87,94

a?e? ieo?5,07,810,012,7

4E-703a?e? uo?e6,08,1010,014,68,94

a?e?

ieo?5,07,2010,016,4

4E-512a?e? uo?e20,026,735,043,99,284

a?e? ieo?18,023,030,038,2

4Oe??i-iiae?acithth/? aeanoeaino? i?enooi? an?i niieoeai a /eno?e oi?i?.
?ic/eie iaioa 20 a?aenioe?a iiae?acithth/eie aeanoeainoyie ia
aieiae?thoue.

C iaoith aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae iaoai?cio a?ieia?/ii? ae??, anoaiiaeaiiy
ii?iaiaeo oa iaae?th/eo aeic aoa i?iaaaeaiee i?aeaino?ee aeine?ae ia
a?eeo uo?ao. Aei?iaoaai? aeice 1/10; 1/100; 1/1000; 1/10000 AeE50, ui
neeaee aeey eai?ieneaea 303 — 0,57; 0,057; 0,0057; 0,00057, eai?ieneaea
503 — 0,85; 0.085; 0,0085; 0,00085, eai?ieneaea 703 — 0,81; 0,081;
0,0081; 0,00081 ? eai?ieneaea 512 — 2,67; 0,267; 0,0267; 0,00267 a/ea
iane oaa?ei.

A 1/10; 1/100 AeE50 aeine?aeaeoaai? niieoee cieaeoaaee i?ioeaio i?e?inoo
aaae o?ea, neeaae eaeeioeeo?a, a?eo?ioeeo?a, aaiiaeia?io (? < 0,05). An? niieoee i?eaiaeeee aei ?icaeoeo a?iio?iiii? aiai??. 1/1000 AeE50 ia aieeaaea ia a?eo oa /a?aiio e?ia. Aeine?aeaeoaai? niieoee a 1/10, 1/100 AeE50 aieeaaee o i?aeaino?iio iieo? ia aeoeai?noue oa?iaio?a XE, ia?ieneaeace, OeOI, oea?eeiieaci?ia, eaoaeace, aeooao?iiia?ieneaeace, EAeA, EO, EOE, AnO, AeO, aeooao?iiia?ieneaeace, a-a?ae?ien?aooe?aoaeaa?ae?iaaiace, UO, Na2+ ? Ig2+ caeaaeieo AOOac, OOE, A-6 OAeA (? < 0,05). A i?aaiao ? oeaieiao aeine?aeieo oaa?ei a?aei?/aeiny ii?ooaiiy aeeiai?ee iayaiino? SI-a?oi, aeooao?iio, a?oai?io “N”. An? niieoee a aeic? 1/10 AeE50 cieaeoaaee aene?aoi?io ooieoe?th ia/?iee ii ?acoeueoaoai a?iinoeueoaea?iiai? i?iae ? cieaeoaaee i?iaeoeoe?th CO2 o oaa?ei ia cae?i/aiiy i?aeaino?iai iieoo. Aeine?aeaeaiiy na?ae/eee cieaeaiiy Nu, Ig, Na, E a iaaeie?eao: Nu, Ig a ia/?ioe?; Ig, Na, E a aiiaaeao; Nu, Zn a ie?eao ? i?aeaeuaiiy oeeo i?e?iaeaiaio?a a neai?iooe? (?< 0,05). A a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a ci?ie iaee aeiciao caeaaei?noue ? iaeiiiai?aaeaiee oa?aeoa?. Aeine?aeaeoaai? niieoee a oeeo aeicao (1/10; 1/100; 1/1000) aecaaee i?aeaeuaiiy ?ioaineaiino? a?ioai?ethi?ianoeaioe?? , ai?noo ae??iiaeo eii'thaao?a, iaeiiiaiai ae?aeueaeaa?aeo, ia?aeen?a, a?ae?iia?aeen?a, a?eueieo ?aaeeeae?a (? < 0,05). A?noio?i?/ii o na?oe?, ie?eao, iaaeie?eia?e caeic?, aieiaiiio iiceo, naeac?ioe?, a?aei?/aeenue ci?ie aeeiai?ee EAeA, IAeA, NAeA, A-6-OAeA, IAI, IAAe I2, a?noieia?/ii, ii?ooaiiy aeyaeai? a ia/?ioe?, ie?eao, iaaeie?eiai? caeic?, naeac?ioe?, na?oe?. Aeica 1/1000 AeE50 aoea o an?o aeiaaeeao iaae?th/ith. A?aeaeaeai? iane?aeee aieeao eai?ieneae?a 703, 503, 303, 512 aea/ai? ia a?eeo uo?ao iiioeyoe?? A?noa?. Aiiaaeioiene/ia ae?y i?iyaeeany a cieaeaii? eiioeaio?aoe?? nia?iaoici?ae?a o noniaic?? i?eaeaoeo, /ano ?ooiiino?, eeneioii? oa iniioe/ii? no?eeino? (? < 0,05). Ii?oieia?/ia ioe?iea nia?iaoiaaiiiai ai?oae?th aeyaeea cieaeaiiy ?iaeaeno nia?iaoiaaiaco, e?eueeino? eaiaeueoe?a ?c 12-th noaae??th iaeico, ii?iaeueieo oi?i nia?iiaii?e oa ca?eueoaiiy /enea eaiaeueoe?a c? ceouaiei ai?oae??i. Aeyaeai? ci?ie i?inoaaeoaaeeny ia ??ai? caaaeueii oiene/ii? ae?? aeine?aeaeoaaieo niieoe. Aiae?c aia??iiaeueiiai iaoa??aeo iieacaa, ui ?a/iaeie a 1/100;1/1000 AeE50 ia i?iyaeyee aieeao ia e?euee?noue aeeaeo aia??ii?a, /enei ?aci?aoe?e, aeiaoeo o?e aaa?oiino?, aaae ieaoeaio, aei- ? i?ney ?iieaioaoe?eio caaeaaeue. ?acii c oeei a 1/100 AeE50 o a?oi oaa?ei, cao?aaeaieo eai?ieneaeii 703 niinoa??aaee cieaeaiiy aaae ieiae?a ? ca?eueoaiiy aei?iieaioaoe?eii? oa caaaeueii? aia??iiaeueii? caaeaae?. O aia??ii?a ia aoei aeyaeaii aeaeeieo eae?oeoa ? a?aeoeeaiue o aeeoa?aioe??iaoe? i?aai?a oa oeaiei i?e a?noieia?/iiio aeine?aeaeai? i?aia?ao?a, ui aeicaieeei aeeeth/eoe oa?aoiaaiio ae?th niieoe. Iooaaaiia ae?y aea/aeanue ia ee?oeiao /a?aiiiai e?noeiaiai iiceo a?eeo uo??a. Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui ?a/iaeie a 1/10 ? 1/100 AeE50 i?aeaeuoaaee i?ioeaio ee?oei c o?iiiniiieie ii?ooaiiyie ? cia/ii cieaeoaaee i?oioe/io aeoeai?noue ee?oei /a?aiiiai e?noeiaiai iiceo. A 1/1000 AeE50 ?a/iaeie ia i?iyaeyee aia??ioiene/ii?, iooaaaiii?, aiiaaeioiene/ii? oa oa?aoiaaiii? ae??. Ioe?iea nainea?e?coth/eo aeanoeainoae aeine?aeaeoaaieo ?a/iaei i?iaiaeeeanue ia ii?nueeeo naeieao. ?acoeueoaoe aeaee iiceoeai? ?aaeoe?? i?e iaoe??iiio, aioo??oe??iiio ? eii'thioeaaeueiiio oanooaaii?, 1/1000 AeE50 ia a?eeo uo?ao aeaee iiceoeai? ?aaeoe??. ?NAE, ?NEE, ?NIA a 1/10000 AeE50 oe? ?aaeoe?? aoee iaaaoeai?. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee caeeth/eoe, ui aea/ath/ei niieoeai, e??i ie?aiao??iiiiaiieneaeo 512, i?enooi? neaae? aea?aaii? aeanoeaino?. ?ioiieia?/ia ia?aaoaeiaa a?eeo uo??a i?ae ae??th 1/10, 1/100 AeE50 oa?aeoa?ecoaaeany ca?eueoaiiyi e?eueeino? c??eeo ? ciaioaiiyi iac??eeo ee?oei ieaciioeeoa?iiai ?yaeo c ii?ooaiiyi aeeiai?ee aeeoa?aioe?thaaiiy ?ioiieiiiaoaioieo ee?oei o e?ioaoe/ieo aoceao ? naeac?ioe?. Aeine?aeaeoaaia a?oia niieoe, caeaaeii a?ae aeice caeaoia ci?ithaaoe ?ioiia?ieia?/io ?aaeoeai?noue, cieaeoth/e ?? caoeni? aeanoeaino?. E?oa?aoo?i? aeai?, ui aei aiaeia?a eai?ieneae?a, a oaeiae aeani? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee i?eionoeoe iaia?aiio?iiio ae?th aea/a?ieo niieoe. Ioe?ithth/e noai a?iiaia?ai, ie i?eeiaee aei oaaae aenieo ?aae?ii?iaoe/io /ooeea?noue aee?iieeneioieo eaioetha?a oinoae?i?ae?a aei ae?? oaeeo iaoaaie?o?a, ye aeueaeaa?aee, eaoiie, ia?aeene, a?euei? ?aaeeeaee, ye? aeyaeyeenue i?e ae?? niieoe. sse iieacaee aeine?aee, aea/a?i? ?a/iaeie a 1/10, 1/100 AeE50 i?aeaeuoaaee a ia/?ioe? oa neai?iooe? iaeiie/aiiy iaeiiiaiai ae?aeueaeaa?aeo ae??iiaeo eii'thaao?a, ia?ae?nae, a?ae?iia?ae?nae, a?eueieo ?aaeeeae?a oa i?aeaeuaiiy a?ioai?ethi?ianoeaioe?? aioo??oi?o i?aai?a oa oeaiei (? < 0,05). An? niieoee, a caeaaeiino? a?ae aeice, a o?e /e ?io?e i??? cieaeoaaee ai?no aeooao?iio, eaeeioeeo?a, a?eo?ioeeo?a, aaiiaeia?io, SH-a?oi, oa aeoeai?noue oa?iaio?a ia?ieneaeace, eaoaeace, aeooao?iiia?ieneaeace, a?ath/eo aaaeo/o ?ieue a oi?ioaaii? aiiainoaco ien?aeaioi?e ? aioeien?aeaioi?e nenoai?. Iaei??th ?c aaaeo/eo eaiie iaoai?cio, ui aieeaa? ia oe? i?ioeane ? iaeiie/aiiy a i?aai?ci? aenia?eiaioaeueieo oaa?ei ia?aeen?a, a?ae?iia?aeen?a, a?eueieo ?aaeeeae?a, ye? cae?ai? iineethaaoe ieenethaaeueii-iiiiaethaaeuei? i?ioeane, a oaeiae aeniaaeoaaoe aioeieneaeaioio nenoaio (A.A.Ao?eaeiaa, 1965). Noiaea ae?y ?a/iaei i?iyaeeany ? ia aeoeai?noue oa?iaio?a oea?oeiieaci?ia, EAeA, IAeA, OeOI, NAeA, IAI, IAAe I2, EOE, OOE, A-6 OAeA', UO, Na2+ ? Ig2+ caeaaeieo AOOac a-AAAeA, a-AOAeA, g-AO, iath/eo eeth/iaa cia/aiiy a ieenethaaeueii-a?aeiiaethaaeueieo i?ioeanao, a?iaia?aaoeoe? oa ieenethaaeueiiio oinoi?eethaaii?. '?'aeei /eiii, aiae?c iaea?aeaieo aeaieo aeine?aeaeaiiy a?ieia?/ii? ae?? niieoe aeicaieea iaa?oiooaaoe iniaeeaino? eiai iaoai?cio. A iniia? aeyaeaieo ci?i a i?aai?ci? a?eeo uo??a eaaeeoue noeioeyoe?y a?eueii?aaeeeaeueiiai ia?ae?niiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a, aeniaaeaiiy aioeieneaeaioii? nenoaie, ye? i?eaaee aei ii?ooaiiy no?oeoo?e iaia?ai, aeoeaiino? iaia?ai, aeoeaiino? iaia?aiiniaoeeo?/ieo oa?iaio?a, aioo??oiueiee?oeiii? iaae?aoe??. An? oe? ci?ie i?eaaee aei aeieoaaiiy ia?aiai-aoii?aeueii? ?aaoeyoe?? i?ioean?a aioo??oiueiee?oeiiiai iaoaaie?cio, ii?ooaiith a?iaia?aaoeee, a?ineioaoe/ieo i?ioean?a ? ieenethaaeueiiai oinoi?eethaaiiy. Aieiae?th/e iaia?aiio?iiiith ae?ath ?a/iaeie, oaeei /eiii, noeioethaaee a i?aai?ci? a?eueii?aaeeeaeueio iaoieia?th, ?icaeoie yei? yaey? eiioeaiooaeueio iiaeaeue iaoai?cio a?ieia?/ii? ae?? aeine?aeaeoaaieo niieoe. Ii??aithaaiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeaei iiaeeea?noue iaa?oiooaaoe iaoai?ci a?ieia?/ii? ae??, neeanoe i?iaiic iaoe?aeeeaiai ??aiy ai?noo eai?ieneae?a I.i 700, 500, 300, 512 a aiae? aiaeieo ia'?eo?a ainiiaea?/i-ieoiiai, eoeueoo?ii-iiaooiaiai i?ecia/aiiy, aecia/eoe iioaioe?eio iaaaciaeo, ye naieo niieoe, oae ? i?iaeoeo?a ?o aeano?oeoe?? oa o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeey ethaeeie oa iaaeieeoiuei? na?aaeiaeua, cie?aia, aiaeieo ia'?eo?a AENIIAEE 1. Eai?ieneaee 303, 503, 703 oa ie?aiao??iiiiaiieneae I.i 512 ? aenieinoaa?eueieie ?a/iaeiaie, ye? caeaoi? iaaeaaaoe aiaeiei ?ic/eiai a??eoaaoi-a'yceiai i?eniaeo, ao??iiai caiaoo ? i?iiooai?aiiy. Ii?iaiaeie eiioeaio?aoe?yie ia ??ai? 2-io aae?a ii aieeao ia caiao aiaee ? 6,9 ; 5,0; 4.2 ia/e aeey eai?ieneae?a 303, 503, 703 oa 7,8 ia/e aeey ie?aiao??iiiiaiieneaeo I.i. 512. Ii?iaiaeie eiioeaio?aoe?yie ia ??ai? 2-io aae?a ii aieeao ia i?eniae aiaee ? 27,8; 32,0; 38.2 ia/e aeey eai?ieneae?a 303, 503, 703 oa 14,3 ia/e aeey ie?aiao??iiiiaiieneaeo I.i. 512. E?i?oiaaia i?aaiieaioe/ia iciaea oe?aeeeaino? - i?iiooai?aiiy. Ii?iaiaa eiioeaio?aoe?y aeey eai?ieneae?a 303, 503, 703 - 0,3 ia/e, aeey eai?ieneaeo 512-0,1 ia/e. 2. ???e iaaeoiaeaeaii? o aiaei? ia'?eoe, eai?ieneaee caeaoi? ii?oooaaoe i?e?iaeia naiii/euaiiy aiaee aiaeieieu - cieaeoaaoe ai?no ?ic/eiaiiai o aiae? eenith, i?aeaeuoaaoe a?io?i?/io iio?aao aiaee a eeni?, aaeueioaaoe i?ioeane i?ia?ae?caoe?? i?aai?/ieo ?a/iaei, aieeaaoe ia ??no oa ?iciiiaeaiiy nai?io?oii? i?e?ioei?e iaei?ino?oeo - aeaoi?e. Ii?iaia? eiioeaio?aoe?? ii caaaeueiinai?oa?iiio iieacieeo oe?aeeeaino? neeaaeathoue aeey E-303, 503, 703 - 5,0 ia/e, aeey E-512 - 10 ia/e. 3. Ia iniia? ia?aiao??a oiene/iino? oe? niieoee iaeaaeaoue aei iaeioiene/ieo ?a/iaei (4-e eean iaaacia/iino?, Aea?aenoaiaea?o 12.1.007-76), yeei ia aeanoea? i?aeaeaeia? ?ica?aeiino? ? caeaoi?noue aei eoioeyoe??. Eiao?oe??io eoioeyoe?? aeey an?o ?a/iaei a?eueoa 5. Oe??i-?aci?aoeaia ae?y aeanoeaa an?i ?a/iaeiai a neaae?e i???. O ee?i?/i?e ea?oei? aino?iai io?o?iiy ia?aaaaeathoue neiioiie ii?ooaiiy ae?yeueiin?? OeIN, aeeoaiiy ? aaiiaeeiai?ee. 4. O i?aeaino?iio aeine?ae? eai?ieneaee caeaoi? noeioethaaoe a?eueii-?aaeeeaeueia ia?aeenia ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a, iineethaaoe ieenethaaeueii-iiiiaethaaeuei? i?ioeane, iioeiaeaeoaaoe a ia?oo /a?ao i?aaie, ye? a?ae?a?athoue iniiaio ?ieue a aeaoieneeaoe?? enaiia?ioee?a (ia/?iea, ie?ee, iaaeie?eiaa caeica, naeac?iea, na?oea). A iniia? iniaeeainoae iaoai?cio a?ieia?/ii? ae?? eaaeeoue noeioeyoe?y a?eueii-?aaeeea.?ueiiai ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a oa aeniaaeaiiy aioeieneaeaioii? nenoaie. 5. A oiiaao i?aeaino?iai aeine?aeo eai?ieneaee caeaoi? i?eai?/oaaoe ee?oeiiee ? aoii?aeueiee ?ioi?oao. Ii?iaia? oa iaeneiaeueii iaae?th/? aeice ciaoiaeeeeny ia ??aiyo caaaeueiioiene/ii? aca?iiae??. Neaae? aea?aaii? aeanoeaino? aoee oa?aeoa?i? o?eueee eai?ieneaeai 303, 503, 703. Aeice 0,57; 0.85; 0.81 ia/ea iane oaa?eie, a?aeiia?aeii aeey E-303, 503, 703, aoee iaae?th/eie. 6. Eai?ieneaee ia caeaoi? aei aia??ioiene/ii?, aiiaaeioiene/ii?, iooaaaiii? oa oa?aoiaaiii? ae??. 7. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee iaa?oiooaaoe a?aie/ii-aeiionoei? eiioeaio?aoe?? (AAeE) eai?ieneae?a o aiae? aiaeieieu ainiiaea?nueei-ieoeiai ? eoeueoo?ii-iiaooiaiai i?ecia/aiiy ia ??ai? 0,3 ia/e aeey eai?ieneae?a 303, 503. 703 ? 0.1 ia/e aeey eai?ieneaeo 512. E?i?oiaaia iciaea oe?aeeeaino? - i?aaiieaioe/ia (i?iiooai?aiiy). NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1. TH.E.?acoiaiei Aeeyiea eai?ieneaeia ia aaia?aoeaioth ooieoeeth e aaiaoe/aneee aiia?ao aaeuo e?un a nayce n ?aaeaiaioaoeeae eo a aiaea aiaeiaiia // I?iaeaie aeieia?? oa iaaeeoeeie. - Iieoaaa, oii C, ? 1,2, 1999,no?. 57-61 2. TH.E.?acoiaiei, A.?.AEoeia Aeeea eai?ieneae?a ia ?ioaineai?noue a?ioni?ethi?ianoeaioe?? neai?ioee e?ia? ? aioo??oi?o i?aai?a a oieneeieia?/ieo aeine?aeao // Ee?i?/ia oa?iaoe?y. - Oa?e?a, oii 2, ? C, 1998. n. 62-64 3. TH.E.?acoiaiei Ninoiyiea ieeneeoaeueii-ainnoaiiaeoaeueiuo i?ioennnia o aaeuo e?un iiae aeeyieai yiieneaeniaea?aeaueo ieeaiyoe?ia a nayce n ?aaeaiaioaoeeae eo a aiaea aiaeiaiia oicyenoaaiii-ieoueaaiai e eoeueoo?ii-auoiaiai iacia/aiey // I?iaeaie aeieia?? oa iaaeeoeeie. - Iieoaaa, oii 3, ? 1,2, 1999, no?. 50-52 4. TH.E.?acoiaiei Aieea ie?aiao??iiiiaiieneae?a ia ?ioiia?ieia?/io ?aaeoeai?noue aenia?eiaioaeueieo oaa?ei // Ee?i?/ia oa?iaoe?y. - Oa?e?a, oii 2, ? 3, 1998. n. 65-68 5. A.E. A?eai?ia, TH.E.?acoiaiei, E.A.Aaoooaiei, N.A. Ia?aiaaey, A.I.Aane?iaiue Aeaeaie/aneay oa?aeoa?enoeea i?iaeoeoia aeae?ieeoe/aneie aeano?oeoo?ecaoeee ieeaiyoe?-iiiiyiieneaeia // Na. iao/i. o?oaeia OAIO. Aeieiae/aneia aeaenoaea oaeoi?ia ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu - Oa?ueeia. 1996. n. 46-48 6. TH.E.?acoiaiei, O.A.Ai?aa/, A.A.Eiaeiiaa, A.I.Anne?iaiue, A.E.A?eai?ia, I.A.AEoeiaa Eciaiaiea aieiieeneioiiai ninoaaa ieaciu e?iae aaeuo e?un iiae aeeyieai ieeaiyoe?iiiiyiieneaeia a oneiaeyo iiaeino?iai aicaeaenoaey. // Na. iao/. o?oaeia OAIO. Aeieiae/aneia aeaenoaea oaeoi?ia ie?oaeathune n?aaeu - Oa?ueeia, 1996, n. 43-45 7. TH.E.?acoiaiei, E.E.Eiaaeaiei, I.A.Iinaoaiei Aeeyiea ieeaioe?iiiiyiieneaeia ia i?aaiieaioe/aneea naienoaa aiaeu e naieoa?iue ?aaeei aiaeiaiia. // Na. iao/i. o?oaeia OAIO. Iaaeeoeeineay ceieiaey, cieaeaieieiaey e aeaeaia ie?oaeathune e i?iecaiaenoaaiiie n?aaeu - Oa?ueeia, 1996, n. 38-41 8. E.A.Ua?aaiue, TH.E.?acoiaiei, N.A.Ia?aiaaey Ioeaiea ai?iiiaeueiiainoaoona aaeuo e?un iiae aicaeaenoaeai ieeaiyoe?iiiiyiieneaeia i?e ia?i?aeueiii eo aaaaeaiee a i?aaieci. // Na. iao/e, a?oaeia OAIO. Iaaeeoeeineay -yeieiaey, cieaeaieieiaey e aeaeaia ie?oaeathuae e i?iecaiaenoaaiiie n?aaeu. - Oa?ueeia, 1996, n. 44-46 9. TH.E.?acoiaiei Oieneeieiae/aneay oa?aeoa?enoeea eai?ieneaeia a oneiaeyo ino?iai e iiaeino?iai iiuoa. // N'a. iao/. a?oaeia OAIO. Iaaeeoeeineay ceieiaey. Aeaeaia i?iecaiaenoaaiiie e ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu. - Oa?ueeia, 1997. n. 64-67 10. TH.E.?acoiaiei, A.A.Oaeaaei Ioeaiea eiaeii-?aci?aoeaiiai aeaenoaey eai?ieneaeia iaoiaeii aeioaieethieianoeaioeee // Na.iao/.o?oaeia OAIO. Iaaeeoeeineay ceieiaey. Aeaeaia i?iecaiaenoaaiiie e ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu. - Oa?ueeia, 1997. n. 59-61 11. TH.E.?acoiaiei, A.A.Oaeaaei Iainiiaaiea i?aaeaeueii aeiionoeiuo eiioeaio?aoeee a?oiiu eai?ieneaeia a aiaea aiaeiuo iauneoia. // Na. iao/. o?oaeia OAIO. Iaaeeoeeineay ceieiaey. Aeaeaia i?iecaiaenoaaiiie e ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu. - Oa?ueeia, 1997. n. 62-64 ?acoiaiei TH.E. Oieneeieiai-a?a??i?/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea eai?ieneae?a o ca,yceo c i?iaeaiith nai?oa?ii? ioi?iie aiaeieieu.-?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.02.01 - a?a??ia, - Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiaee a?a??i?/iee oeaio? II3 Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999. Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi ioi?iie aiaeieo ia'?eo?a a?ae caa?oaeiaiiy no?/ieie aiaeaie, ye? ai?uothoue eai?ieneaee. A i?e i?aaenoaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue aieeao a?oie ?a/iaei i?aai?/iiai neioaco ia iniia? ae?eie?a ia aiaei? ia'?eoe ? i?aai?ci. Anoaiiaeaii, ui an? ?a/iaeie, ye? aeine?aeaeothoueny, caeaoi? aei iaia?aiio?iiii? ae?? ? ? i?enei?thaa/aie a?eueii-?aaeeeaeueiiai ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a. Iaa?oioiaai? a?aie/ii aeiionoei? eiioeaio?aoe?? 4 niieoe o aiae? aiaeieo ia'?eo?a, ye? caoaa?aeaeai? IIC N?N?. Eeth/ia? neiaa: iaa?oiooaaiiy a?aie/ii aeiionoeieo eiioeaio?aoe?e: ioi?iia aiaeieieu; caei?ia'y ianaeaiiy. ?acoiaiei TH.E. Oieneeieiai-aeaeaie/aneay oa?aeoa?enoeea eai?ieneaeia a nayce n i?iaeaiie naieoa?iie io?aiu aiaeiaiia. -?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.02.01 - aeaeaia. - Oe?aeineee iao/iue aeaeaie/aneee oeaio? IC Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai io?aiu aiaeiuo iauaeoia e caei?iauey ianaeaiey io caa?yciaiey noi/iuie aiaeaie, niaea?aeaueie eai?ieneaeu. Eco/aieth iiaeaa?aeenue o?eaeeoeeaeeeiaue yoe? iieeienei?iieeaio?eie I.i. 300, 500, 700 e ieeaiyoe?iiiiyiieneae I.i. 512. Yoe niaaeeiaiey oe?iei eniieuecothony a ia?iaeiii oicyenoaa aeey iieo/aiey yiaeae, eaeia, ieanoiann, iieeo?aoaiia, yiieneaeiuo niie, iaiiieanoia. oa?iiieanoia. Yenia?eiaioaeueiay /anoue enneaaeiaaiee i?aaeoniao?eaaea eco/aiea aeeyiey aauanoa ia i?aaiieaioe/aneea naienoaa aiaeu. naieoa?iue ?aaeei aiaeiaiia e i?aaieci oaieie?iaiuo aeeaioiuo. A ?aaioa eniieueciaaiu naieoa?ii-oeie/aneea, oeceieiae/aneea, eeeie/aneea, eiioiieiae/aneea, aeioeie/aneea, aeioece/aneea, ?aaeeiecioiiiua e noaoenoe/aneea iaoiaeu enneaaeiaaiey. ?acoeueoaou iiuoia iieacaee, /oi eai?ieneaeu i?eaeaaaee aiaeiui ?anoai?ai ai?ueei-ayaeouee i?eaeon, niaoeeoe/aneee caiao yoe?a e niiauaee iaiiia?aciaaiea. A eiioeaio?aoeeyo aei 2000 ia/e ia aeeyee ia i?ic?a/iinoue e iooiinoue aiaeu. Eeieoe?othuee i?aaiieaioe/aneee i?eciae a?aaeiinoe - iaiiia?aciaaiea. Ii?iaiaua eiioeaio?aoeee ii yoiio iieacaoaeth onoaiiaeaiu ia o?iaia 0,3 ia/e aeey eai?ieneaeia I.i. 300. 500, 700 e 0,1 ia/e aeey ieeaiyoe?iiiiyeieneaea I.i. 512. Enneaaeoaiay a?oiia niaaeeiaiee iaia?oaeeea noiaeiia aeeyiea ia naieoa?iue ?aaeei aiaeiaiia. A caaeneiinoe io eiioeaio?aoeee (25 ia/e e aieaa) iie niiniaiu iiauoaoue aeioeie/aneoth iio?aaiinoue eenei?iaea, nieaeaoue niaea?aeaiea ?anoai?aiiiai a aiaea eenei?iaea, oi?iiceoue ieia?aeecaoeeth i?aaie/aneeo aauanoa. Aeoeaiay ?aaeoeey aiaeiuo ?anoai?ia a eiioeaio?aoeeyo eai?ieneaeia aei 2000 ia/e in eciaiyeanue. Aeeyiea i?aia?aoia ia aiaeiua i?aaieciu iieacaei, /oi ana niaaeeiaiey ieacuaatho oiene/aneia aeaenoaea ia i?inoaeoeo (Daphnia magna). Ii?iaiaua eiioeaio?aoeee onoaiiaeaiu ia o?iaia 5.0 e 10.0 ia/e. niioaaonoaaiii aeey eai?ieneaeia I.i. 300, 500, 700 e ieeaiyoe?iiiiyiieneaea I.i. 512. Oieneeieiae/aneea yenia?eiaiou ia oaieie?iaiuo aeeaioiuo (aaeua e?unu, iuoe, ii?neea naeiee) iieacaee, /oi aauanoaa yaeythony iaeioiene/iuie (4 eeann iianiinoe), ia iaeaaeatho aeaeiaie /oanoaeoaeueiinoueth e eoioeyoeaiuie naienoaaie. Eiyooeoeeaiou eoioeyoeee aeey anao aaoanoa aieueoa 5. A eeeie/aneie ea?oeia ino?iai io?aaeaiey i?aiaeaaeaee neiioiiu ia?ooaiey OeIN, aeuoaiey e aaiiaeeiaieee. I?e iaianaiee ia eiaeo iaeaaeatho a neaaie noaiaie eiaeii-?aci?aoeaiuie e eiaeii-?acae?aaeathueie naienoaaie. N oeaeueth eco/aiey iniaaiiinoae iaoaiecia aeieiae/aneiai aeaenoaey aauanoa, onoaiiaeaiiy ii?iaiauo e iaaeaenoaothueo aeic aue i?iaaaeai iiaeino?ue iiuo ia aaeuo e?unao iiioeyoeee Aenoa?. Eniuoaiu aeicu 1/10; 1/100; 1/1000; 1/10000 AeE50. Enneaaeiaaiey iaia?oaeeee oiene/aneia aeeyiea eai?ieneaeia a 1/10 e 1/100 AeE50 ia aaeoth e e?anioth e?iaue, ieeneeoaeueii-ainnoaiiaeoaeueiua i?ioeannu, aioeieneaeaioioth nenoaio, oiiae iee?iyeaiaioia, ia/aiue, ii/ee, iaaeii/a/ieee, na?aeoea, naeacaieo, aieiaiie iica, o.a. i?aaiu, eioi?ua ea?atho aaaeouoth ?ieue a iaaca?aaeeaaiee enaiiaeioeeia. 1/1000 AeE50 auea iaaeaenoaothuae. Ioaeaeaiiua iineaaenoaey aeeyiey eai?ieneaeia eco/aeenue a oneiaeyo iiaeino?iai iiuoa ia aaeuo e?unao iiioeyoeee Aenoa?. Aiiaaeioiene/aneia aeaenoaea aauanoa i?iyaeeinue a nieaeaiee eiioeaio?aoeee nia?iaoicieaeia a noniaicee i?eaeaoea, a?aiaie eo iiaeaeaeiinoe, eeneioiie e iniioe/aneie ?acenoaioiinoe. Ii?oieiae/aneay ioeaiea nia?iaoiaaiiiai yieoaeey iaia?oaeeea nieaeaiea eiaeaena nia?iaoiaaiaca, eiee/anoaa eaiaeueoeaa n 12-ie noaaeeae iaeica, ii?iaeueiuo oi?i nia?iaoiaiiee e oaaee/aiea /enea eaiaeueoeaa ni neouaiiui yieoaeeai. Aiaeec cia?eiiaeueiiai iaoa?eaea iaia?oaeee oaaee/aiea aei-, iinea eiieaioaoeeiiiie e iauae yia?eiiaeueiie aeaaee. Aeaeeiuo o?iaenoa e ioeeiiaiee a aeeooa?aioeeaoeee i?aaiia e oeaiae ieiaeia i?e aenoieiae/aneii enneaaeiaaiee ia iaia?oaeaii. Iooaaaiiia aeaenoaea eai?ieneaeia oa?aeoa?eciaaeinue iiauoaieai o?iiiniiiuo aaa??aoeee e nieaeaieai ieoioe/aneie aeoeaiinoe eeaoie e?aniiai einoiiai iicaa. Ioaeaeaiiua iineaaenoaey eco/aaiuo aauanoa iaia?oaeaiu ia o?iaia iauaoiene/aneeo i?iyaeaiee, /oi iicaieyao eneeth/eoue iaee/ea o ieo niaoeeoe/aneeo ioaeaeaiiuo yooaeoia. A 1/10 e 1/100 AeE50 niaaeeiaiey niiniaiu oaiaoaoue eeaoi/iue e aoii?aeueiue eiioieoao. Oieneeieiae/aneea enneaaeiaaiey naeaeaoaeuenoaotho, /oi eai?ieneaeu iaeaaeatho iaia?aiio?iiiui aeaenoaeai e noeioee?otho naiaiaeii-?aaeeeaeueioth iaoieiaeth, eioi?ay eaaeeo a iniiaa anao no?oeoo?ii-iaoaaiee/aneeo ia?ooaiee a i?aaiecia. Aiaeec i?aaiieaioe/aneeo, iauanaieoa?iuo e naieoa?ii-oieneeieiae/aneeo iieacaoaeae a?aaeiinoe iicaieee iainiiaaoue i?aaeaeueii aeiionoeiua eiioea?o?aoeee eai?ieneaeia a aiaea aiaeiaiia oicyenoaaiii-ieoueaaiai e eoeueoo?ii-auoiaiai iacia/aiey, eioi?ua ooaa?aeaeaiu IC NNN?. Eeth/aaua neiaa: iainiiaaiea i?aaeaeueii aeiionoeiuo eiioeaio?aoeee; io?aia aiaeiaiia; caei?iauea ianaeaiey. Rezunenko Y.K. Toxicologienic characteristics of Luprocsidov in connection with the problem of sanitary protection of ponds. – Manuscript. This is for Candidate of Medical Science in speciality 14.02.01 - hygiene. Ukraine scientific hygiene center, Health protection Minustry of Ukraine, Kiev, 1999. The dissertation is devated to questions of protection water objects from soiling sewage, contain Luprocside. In this account results of experimental eximination on the effect produced by a group of glycol-based substances of organic synthesis on the water objects and human body. It has been revealed that all the substances under investigation have a membranotropic effect and act as boosters of free-radical peroxidation of lipids. Maximum permissible concentrations of 4 compounds in the water of water objects have been substantiated, these concentrations having been approved by the Ministry of Republic Health of the USSR. Key words: the basis of border permissible concentration; quarding of basins; health of population.

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