Caii??cueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

Ia?aoianueea Aaeaioeia Aaa?ee?aia

OAeE 833.145.6172

OEIE NEEAAeIII?Ae?ssAeIEO ?A*AIUe

C I?Ae?ssAeIEIE I?EEIIIA?AOEAIEIE

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 10.02.01 – oe?a?inueea iiaa

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

Caii??aeaey – 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? oe?a?inueei? iiae Ai?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo ?iicaiieo iia.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, aeaaeai?e AI
AO Oe?a?ie Caai?oei A.I., caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? iiae
Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, aeaaeai?e AI
AO Oe?a?ie Aa?aiiee Aeieo?i Oa?eoi- iiae/, Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee
aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?ne- oao, i?ioani? eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? iiae;

eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio E?eai??cueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo A?aoaieia TH??e Ieaenaiae?iae/.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: I?eea?iaonueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee
oi?aa?neoao ?i. A.Noaoaieea, eaoaae?a oe?a?inueei? iiae.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 09 a?oaeiy 1998 ?ieo i 13 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 17.051.02 aeey caoenoo aeena?oaoe?e ia
caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe i?e
Caii??cueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? I?i?noa?nioaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie ca
aae?anith: 330600 i. Caii??aeaey, aoe. AEoeianueeiai, 66.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe?
Caii??cueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “09”eenoiiaaea 1998 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee, O.A. Oii’ye

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Eiiieaeneiee i?aeo?ae aei aiae?co neeaaeieo neioaene/ieo ooai?aiue, ui
ia?aaeaa/a? aea/aiiy oi?iaeueii-neioaene/ii?, naiaioeei-neioaene/ii? oa
aeania-naiaioe/ii? i?aai?caoe?? ?a/aiiy ye aaaaoianiaeoii? iaeeieoe?,
ni?ey? ae??ciaiith a?aeiia?aeieo ?o aeeoa?aioe?eieo iciae.
Neeaaeiii?ae?yaei? ?a/aiiy a no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e iia?, ??ciiiai?oi? ca
no?oeoo?ith ? naiaioeeith, iiaeooue oa?aeoa?ecoaaoeny ca:

1) oeiii ca’yceo i?ae ?o eiinoeoooeaieie /anoeiaie;

2) i?ecia/aiiyi i?ae?yaeii? /anoeie uiaei aieiaii?;

3) eiioi?eaoeaiith ia?niaeoeaith, o yeo ?icai?oa?oueny aeneiaethaaiee o
ieo ci?no.

Caeo/aiiy oaeeo oa?aeoa?enoee aeey eaae?o?eaoe?? neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieo
?a/aiue c i?ae?yaeieie i?eeiiia?aoeaieie aecia/a? nai???aei? ?ene
no?oeoo?ii? i?aai?caoe?? ii??aiyeueieo ?a/aiue ?iciiae?aithaaeueiiai
oeio. I?eeiiia?aoeaia i?aeii?yaeeoaaiiy ye iine?aeiaia iniaeea?noue
iiaeaethaaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaieo neioaene/ieo ooai?aiue, aiaeia?eia aei
neeueiiai ea?oaaiiy iaa ??ai? i?ene?aieo ca’yce?a o neiainiieo/aii?, ia
iioe?th?oueny ia c’ynoaaiiy oa?aeoa?o a?aeiioaiue i?ae i?aaeeeaoeaieie
/anoeiaie neeaaeiiai neioaene/iiai oe?eiai. Inoaii? aeyaeythoue
aeecuee?noue aei naiaioeei-neioaene/ieo a?aeiioaiue o iie?i?aaeeeaoeaieo
ooai?aiiyo ooai?aiiyo, ioi?iethaaieo no?yaeiei ca’yceii. Oaeee oaeo
ni?ey? eaae?o?eaoe?? neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieo ?a/aiue c i?ae?yaeieie
i?eeiiia?aoeaieie /anoeiaie ye neeaaeieo neioaene/ieo iaeeieoeue
i?ii?aeiiai oeio i?ae iie?i?aaeeeaoeaieie eiino?oeoe?yie, ioi?iethaaieie
i?ene?aiei i?ae?yaeiei oa no?yaeiei ca’yceaie.

Aeooaeuei?noue iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/a?oueny a?aenooi?noth
iiiia?ao?/iiai iieno neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieo ?a/aiue c i?ae?yaeieie
i?eeiiia?aoeaieie c iiaeyaeo ?o oi?iaeueii-neioaene/ii? i?aai?caoe??,
aeoai?thaaiiai ci?noo, iniaeeainoae ooieoe?iioaaiiy, iai?yi?a ?
??ciiaeae?a aea?eaaoe?eieo ia?aoai?aiue i?ae?yaeieo no?oeoo?.

Ca’ycie c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie. Oaia aeena?oaoe?? ocaiaeaeaia c ieaiiei
iaoeiai? ?iaioe eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? iiae Ai?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo ?iicaiieo iia ? ?ice?eaa? iaeei c aniaeo?a
i?iaeaie «A?aiaoe/i? ? eaene/i? eaoaai??? no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae:
no?oeoo?a, naiaioeea, nenoaiii-ooieoe?iiaeueia aeeiai?ea», iaae yeith
i?aoeth? eaoaae?a.

Ia’?eo aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy noaiiaeyoue iiaeaii?a?
?aae?caoe?? neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieo ?a/aiue c i?ae?yaeieie i?eeiiia?aoeaieie
/anoeiaie, aea?ai? c oaeno?a oai??a ooaeiaeiuei-aaeao?enoe/iiai oa
ioae?oeenoe/ieo aeai??a no/anii? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae.

I?aaeiaoii aiae?co ? no?oeoo?oaaiiy iiaeaeae neeaaeiaeo
neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieo ?a/aiue c i?ae?yaeieie i?eeiiia?aoeaieie uiaei
iiaiioe aenie?oeeoiiai aeyao eiiiiiaioiiai neeaaeo, cania?a ?aae?caoe??
i?ene?aiiai i?aeii?yaeeoaaiiy i?aaeeeaoeaii? no?oeoo?e oa naiaioe/iiai
?o iaiiaiaiiy — aecia/aeueiiai /eiieea aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? aeine?aeaeoaaieo
neioaene/ieo iaeeieoeue.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy — aeyaeoe iniaeeaino? oi?iaeueii-neioaene/ii?,
naiaioeei-neioaene/ii? oa aeania-naiaioe/ii? i?aai?caoe??
neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieo ?a/aiue c i?ae?yaeieie i?eeiiia?aoeaieie caaeey
anoaiiaeaiiy ?o noaoono o neeaae? ooieoe?iioth/eo oei?a
neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieo no?oeoo?, ui ? iiaeeeaei ca oiiae ?ica’ycaiiy oaeeo
caaaeaiue:

1) c’ynoaaoe iniaeeaino? no?oeoo?iiai iiaeaethaaiiy neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieo
?a/aiue c i?ae?yaeieie i?eeiiia?aoeaieie, aeyaeoe a?aiaoe/i?
oa?aeoa?enoeee i?aaeeeaoeaieo ?o /anoei, aecia/eoe niaoeeo?eo
i?ene?aiiai i?ae?yaeiiai ca’yceo i?ae ieie, ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe
aeine?aeaeoaai? eiino?oeoe?? c iiaeyaeo aio/eino? / iaaio/eino? ?o
no?oeoo?e;

2) i?inoaaeeoe iniiai? caniae ae?aaeaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/ii?
eaoaai??? eiiia?aoeaiino? caaeey c’ynoaaiiy i?noey a i?e eiino?oeoe?e c
i?eeiiia?aoeaieie i?aaeeeaoaeieie aeaiaioaie;

3) anoaiiaeoe ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/i? oeie i?eeiiia?aoeaieo ?a/aiue
oeyoii iieno naiaioeei-neioaene/ieo a?aeiioaiue o no?oeoo??
neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieo ?a/aiue c i?ae?yaeieie i?eeiiia?aoeaieie, c’ynoaaoe
oeiieia?th neioaene/ieo ca’yce?a neeaaeiii?ae?yaeiiai ?a/aiiy c
i?ae?yaeieie i?eeiiia?aoeaieie, ae??cieoe ooieoe?iiaeuei? oeie
i?ae?yaeieo i?eeiiia?aoeaieo;

4) i?inoaaeeoe noaoon i?ae?yaeieo i?eeiiia?aoeaieo o nenoai?
neioaene/ii? aea?eaaoe??, ?icaeyioaoe ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae?yaeieo
i?eeiiia?aoeaieo c ?ioeie oeiaie ii??aiyeueieo eiino?oeoe?e oa
i?iaiae?coaaaoe iai?yie ? ??ciiaeaee aea?eaaoe?eieo ia?aoai?aiue
i?ae?yaeieo i?eeiiia?aoeaieo no?oeoo?.

Iaoa??aeii aeey aiae?co noaee iaeiieiiia?aoeai? ?a/aii?a? ?aae?caoe??
neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieo eiino?oeoe?e c i?ene?aii i?aeii?yaeeiaaieie
/anoeiaie, ye? aaiaeyoueny niieo/ieeii i?ae/ye (o cia/aii? i?ae). ?c
oai??a ooaeiaeiuei-aaeao?enoe/iiai oa ioae?oeenoe/iiai aeai??a iaie
a?ae?a?aii iiiaae 3000 ?a/aiue.

Iaoiaeieia?y ? iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oai?aoe/iith ? iaoiaee/iith
aacith ?ica’ycaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue aoee ?iaioe a?o/eciyieo ?
ca?oa?aeieo o/aieo o aaeoc? e?iaa?noeee. sse iniiaiee o ?iaio?
aeei?enoiao?oueny eiiieaeniee iaoiae no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/iiai aie?co
neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieo eiino?oeoe?e c i?ae?yaeieie i?eeiiia?aoeaieie. ?c
eiie?aoieo iaoiae?a o aeine?aeaeaii? iaoa??aeo aeei?enoiaothoueny
iieniaee, o?ainoi?iaoe?eiee, aeeno?eaooeaiee, noaoenoe/iee oa iaoiae
eiiiiiaioiiai aiae?co.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. O aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii? aia?oa a
oe?a?i?noeoe? i?iaiae?ciaaii ooieoe?iiaeuei? ?aae?caoe??
neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieo ?a/aiue c i?ae?yaeieie i?eeiiia?aoeaieie /anoeiaie
ye can?a ae?aaeaiiy naiaioeee eiiia?aoeaiino?, i?inoaaeaii iai?yie ea
??ciiaeaee aea?eaaoe?eieo ia?aoai?aiue i?ae?yaeieo i?eeiiia?aoeaieo
no?oeoo?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa? o anoaiiaeaii? nooiino? ci?noo no?oeoo?,
?aae?ciaaiiai /a?ac c?noaaeaiiy aeaio i?iiiceoe?e, ioi?ieaieo ye
neeaaeiii?ae?yaei? ?a/aiiy c i?ae?yaeieie i?eeiiia?aoeaieie, c’ynoaaii?
aecia/aeueieo /eiiee?a ?o nieneiai? oa no?oeoo?ii? i?aai?caoe??, ui
ae??ciythoue oeae oei ?a/aiue eiiia?aoeaiiai ci?noo c-iii?ae ?aooe
ii??aiyeueieo eiino?oeoe?e oa ni?eythoue aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? ??ciiaeae?a
iie?i?aaeeeaoeaieo ooai?aiue o iaaeao icia/aiiai oeio, aiae?c? iai?yi?a
oa ??ciiaeae?a aea?eaaoe?eieo ia?aoai?aiue i?eeiiia?aoeaieo no?oeoo?.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o
anoaiiaeaii? noaoono neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieo ?a/aiue c i?ae?yaeieie
i?eeiiia?aoeaieie /anoeiaie o nenoai? neioaene/ieo iaeeieoeue no/anii?
oe?a?inueei? iiae, c’ynoaaii? iniaeeainoae iiaeaethaaiiy ii??aiyeueieo
?a/aiue ?iciiae?aithaaeueiiai oeio, nenoaiaoecaoe?? ??ciiaeae?a
?aae?ciaaiiai ci?noo iie?i?aaeeeaoeaieie eiino?oeoe?yie c? niieo/ieeaie
i?ae, ye (o cia/aii? i?ae), /ei; aecia/aii? noinoieo i?ae?yaeieo
i?eeiiia?aoeaieo aei nenoaie neioane/ii? aea?eaaoe??.

I?aeoe/ia cia/ou?noue. Iaoa??ae aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaea
aooe aeei?enoaiee i?e iaienaii? oai?aoe/ii? oa i?aeoe/ii? a?aiaoee
oe?a?inueei? iiae, naiaioeei-neioaene/i?e eaae?o?eaoe?? i?ene?aieo
neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieo ?a/aiue i?ae /an /eoaiiy oai?eaoe/iiai aoc?anueeiai
eo?no «No/ania oe?a?inueea e?oa?aoo?ia iiaa», ii?aoethaaii? iiaeo
aoc?anueeeo niaoeeo?n?a. Aeine?aeaeaiiyi iiaeia nei?enoaoeny i?e
iaienaii? aeeieiiieo oa eo?niaeo ?ia?o.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aoee aeeeaaeai? ia i?aenoieiaeo
iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo
Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo oa Ai?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo ?iicaiieo iia (Aeiiaoeuee, 1997, 1998;
Ai?e?aea, 1997, 1998), Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? «Oai?/?noue
Aiaaeaia Eaieiai a eiioaeno? ?a?iiaenueeeo eoeueoo? OO no.» (Oa?iii?eue,
1997), 5-o?e I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? «O?aioe?y oa Oe?a?ia.
Iaoeiai0i?aeoe/iee aeina?ae o eiinoaeno? ae?aeiao iaoe?iiaeueieo
eoeueoo?» (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998). Ie?ai? ?icae?ee oa aeena?oaoe?y
caaaeii iaaiai?thaaeeny ia can?aeaii? eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? iiae
Ai?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c nieneo oiiaieo
nei?i/aiue, anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo
aeaea?ae, nieneo ?ethno?aoeaieo aeaea?ae, aeiaeaoe?a. Caaaeueiee ianya
aeine?aeaeaiiy — 181 noi??iea, nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae — 8 noi??iie
(109 iaeiaioaaiue).

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE.

O anooi? ia??oioiao?oueny aea?? oaie aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aecia/athoueny ?? aeooaeuei?noue, iaoeiaa iiaecia, iniaenoee aianie
caeiaoaa/a, oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/ou?noue, ia’?eo ? i?aaeiao
aiae?co, oi?io?oueny iaoa ? caaaeaiiy, iaiao?aei? aeey ?? aeinyaiaiiy,
oeacothoueny iaoiaeieia?y ? iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ia?oee ?icae?e «I?eeiiia?aoeai? ?a/aiiy o no?oeoo??
ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/ii? eaoaai??? eiiia?aoeaiino?» i?noeoue aiae?c
nenoaie iiaieo cania?a, ye? ia iiaeaii?aiio ??ai? ooieoe?iiothoue ye
iin?? naiaioeee eiiia?aoeaiino?. Oeoia/aiiy oa?i?io «eiiia?aoeaiee» —
«oie, ui ae?aaea? ii??aiyiiy, iia’caiee c ae?aaeaiiyi i??aiyiiy»,
i???ioo? ia ?aae?caoe?th «aeoo aeoiee, ni?yiiaaiiai ia anoaiiaeaiiy
oioiaeiino?, noiaeino? ? a?aei?iiino?» /a?ac c?noaaeaiiy aeaio ?aae?e.

Aeo ii??aiyiiy ia?aaeaa/a? iayai?noue aeaio eiai o/aniee?a: noa’?eoa
ii??aiyiiy — i?aaeiaoa aai yaeua, iciaee yeiai ?ice?eaathoueny /a?ac
iina?aaeieoeoai ?ioiai i?aaeiaoa /e yaeua; ia’?eoa ii??aiyiiy —
i?aaeiaoa /e yaeua, iciaee yeiai aeia?a a?aeii?, ? oiio caeo/athoueny
aeey oa?aeoa?enoeee noa’?eoa ii??aiyiiy.

Ii??aiyiiy a iia? ?aae?co?oueny ??cieie niiniaaie: oeyoii aeac?aee ia
yaeua iiae?aiino? c aeei?enoaiiyi nooi eaene/ieo cania?a aai ae oeyoii
caeo/aiiy neioaene/ieo eiino?oeoe?e iaaii? i?aai?caoe??.

Neioaene/ia ioi?ieaiiy aeoo c?noaaeaiiy aeaio i?iiiceoe?e ye aeaiioao?a
?a/aiiy iie?i?aaeeeaoeaieie eiino?oeoe?yie yaey? niaith ia?aeiia
ooai?aiiy. Neeaaeiii?ae?yaei? ?a/aiiy, i?ae?yaei? ii??aiyeuei? yeeo
aeaoa?i?iothoue i?aaeeeaoeaia yae?i aai aoaeue-yeee ?ioee eiiiiiaio
neeaaeo no?oeoo?ii? noaie aieiaii? /anoeie, aeacoth/e ia ye?noue, i??o
?ioaineaiino? ae?? aai i?eienoaaii? ?i iciaee ia iniia? c?noaaeaiiy c
yaeuai, i?i yea eaeaoueny o i?ae?yaei?e /anoei?, aeyaeythoueny a aeaio
aa??aioao. Iiaeaeueoa ?o aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y aaco?oueny ia oa?aeoa??
c?noaaeaiiy: i?ae?yaei? ii??aiyeuei? c? niieo/ieeaie ye, iia, ia/a oa
?i. ye?nii icia/athoue i?aaeeeaoeaiee ci?no aieiaii? i?iiiceoe??,
i?ae?yaei? i?eeiiia?aoeia? c? niieo/ieeaie i?ae, (ye) — e?euee?nii eiai
oae?aciththoue.

Oaea ?ic??ciaiiy ii??aiyeueieo no?oeoo? ca eiie?aoecaoe??th
aeoai?thaaiiai ci?noo i?iaiico? ?nioaaiiy ii??aiyeueieo ?a/aiue
oiiae?aithaaeueiiai oeio oa ii??aiyeueieo ?a/aiue ?iciiae?aithaaeueiiai
oeio.

Neeaaeiii?ae?yaei? ?a/aiiy c i?ae?yaeieie i?eeiiia?aoeaieie
ooieoe?iiothoue ye iiaeaii?a? ?aae?caoe?? ii??aiyeueiiai cia/aiiy
?iciiae?aithaaeueiiai oeio. Aiie noaiiaeyoue yae?i iie?i?aaeeeaoeaieo
no?oeoo? c i?ae?yaeieie ii??aiyeueieie e?euee?nii? oa?aeoa?enoeee.
Neeaaeia? /anoeie oaeiai neioaene/iiai oe?eiai ai?uothoue ni?eueiee
i?aaeeeaoeaiee eiiiiiaio ia iicia/aiiy iciaee, ui aenooia? iniiaith
ii??aiyiiy. «I?e ?aae?caoe?? ii??aiyeueiiai i?ae?yaeiiai ca’yceo
ni?eueia aeey iaio /anoei iciaea iaaoaa? oi?ie eiiia?aoeaa Aadj / Aadv o
aieiai?e /anoei? e ae?i?io?oueny o i?ae?yaei?e /anoei?» […, 973]: Aa/,
ni?a, ioceea ? neiai — i?e ca?ia?oie, oa oeno i?e oaee oe?ioth aeua,
i?ae o?? a?io?, ui i?eoiaeyoue c iueiai (Eany Oe?a?iea). I?aaeeeaoeaia
iciaea, ui ooieoe?iio? ye iniiaa ii??aiyiiy, aeiiiaithth/enue naiith
eiiia?aoeaiino? e aenie?eoth/enue o oi?i? aeuiai nooiaiy o aieiai?e
/anoei?, neaiae?co? i?i ia?aaaaeath/o nooi?noue ci?noo aieiaii? /anoeie
noiniaii icia/oaaieo ?aae?e i?ae?yaeii? /anoeie ca nooiaiai e?euee?niiai
aeyao ?o i?aaeeeaoeaieo iciae.

I?ae?yaeia /anoeia aiae?ciaaieo eiino?oeoe?e ?
oi?iaeueiiia?aaeaa/oaaiith c aieo iii?iiai aeaiaioa aieiaii? /anoeie,
ae?aaeaiiai eiiia?aoeaii. Iayai?noue ?? i?iaiico?oueny
naiaioeei-neioaene/iith aaeaioi?noth inoaiiueiai. Ooieoe?iioth/e ye
«i?aaeeeao yeino?-a?aeiioaiiy» (?.?. Aeoiaaiaoeue) eiiia?aoea ? caniaii
ae?aaeaiiy ni?aa?aeiinii? i??e iciaee. A?i aea? e?euee?nio
oa?aeoa?enoeeo iciaee i?aaeiaoa oeyoii c?noaaeaiiy ?? c oaeith ae
iciaeith a ?ioiio i?aaeiao?: Ii ue?ino? neacaaoe, oae?e iiac?? ia eooi?
i?noea, ai ?e iaaei?aeee — iee?oa ieaoa, i?ae eaa?e… (Eany Oe?a?iea) aai
/a?ac ii??aiyiiy ?? c iciaeith oeueiai ae i?aaeiaoa, ui aeyaey?oueny o
a?aei?iiiio a?ae iiia?aaeiueiai eieaeueiiio aai /aniaiio i?inoi??: Caan
na?aeie, oe a eiiaae?? aeioaii?oee, i?ae o aeeoo?! (A.Oaa/oe).
Eiiia?aoea ye i?aaeeeao ?c naaiioeeith ni?aa?aeiinii? i??e iciaee
ae??ciy?oueny aeiaeaaaiiyi i?aaia?/ii? aaeaioiino?: a?i caa??aa?
cia/aiiy yeino?, iayaia o aeo?aeiiio aeey iueiai i?aaeeeaoa yeino?, ?
iaaoaa? cia/aiiy c?noaaeaiiy, ii??aiyiiy, ui aaciina?aaeiuei aieeaa? ia
ca?eueoaiiy eiai aaeaioieo iiceoe?e.

Ca oiiae caiiaiaiiy aaeaioieo iiceoe?e i?e eiiia?aoea? i?aaeeeaoeaieie
iaeeieoeyie aeoai?th?oueny neeaaeia eiino?oeoe?y c i?ene?aii
i?aeii?yaeeiaaiith caeaaeiith /anoeiith.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e «Ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/i? oeie i?eeiiia?aoeaieo
?a/aiue» oi?uo? ?ica?aeeo aeoai?aiiy ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/ieo oei?a
i?eeiiia?aoeaieo eiino?oeoe?e oeyoii aiae?co naiaioeei-neioaene/ieo
a?aeiioaiue o no?oeoo?? neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieo ?a/aiue c i?ae?yaeieie
i?eeiiia?aoeaieie, anoaiiaeaiiy oeiieia?? neioaene/ieo ca’yce?a o
aeine?aeaeoaaieo neioaene/ieo ooai?aiiyo, c’ynoaaii? cania?a ae?aaeaiiy
o ieo naiaioeee eiiia?aoeaiino?.

Aecia/aeueieie aeey anoaiiaeaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/ieo noinoie?a o
no?oeoo?? neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieo ?a/aiue c i?ae?yaeieie i?eeiiia?aoeaieie ?
oa?aeoa? oa neeaae eiiia?aoea?a, ?o eiioaeooaaiiy c? niieo/ieeaie i?ae,
ye, oa?aeoa? iiaeaeueiiai ieaio, ni?aa?aeiioaiiy noa’?eoeaieo e?i?e.

A?aooaaiiy eaene/iiai iaiiaiaiiy oi?i oiiaeeeaeth? ae??ciaiiy c-iii?ae
ii??aiyeueieo ?a/aiue ?iciiae?aithaaeueiiai oeio o?ueio
naiaioeei-no?oeoo?ieo ??ciiaeae?a:

1. ii??aiyeueieo ?a/aiue c? cia/aiiyi ia?aaaae iaei??? ?c c?noaaethaaieo
iciae iaae ?ioith;

2. ii??aiyeueieo ?a/aiue c? cia/aiiyi c?noaaeaiiy ca nooiaiai ye?nii?,
e?euee?nii? aai /aniai? iciaee;

3. ii??aiyeueieo ?a/aiue c? cia/aiiyi cai?uaiiy.

Aeey ii??aiyeueieo ?a/aiue ia?oiai ??ciiaeaeo aeanoeaei ?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy a iiceoe?? iii?iiai eiiiiiaioa aieiaii? /anoeie noaeiai
neeaaeo eaenai. Ii??aiyiiy c? cia/aiiyi ia?aaaae aaco?oueny ia o?ueio
eiiia?aoeaieo oi?iao: e?aua, oaeaeoa (nei??oa), c??aeea eaaoa.
Aeii?ioth/ei uiaei /anoioiino? aaeeaaiiy ? eiiia?aoea e?aua. Aeya
noa’?eoeaii-iiaeaeueiiai ieaio oaeiae ae??ciy? oae? eiino?oeoe??
c-iii?ae ?aooe ?ioeo ??ciiaeae?a. Naia cacia/ai? eiiia?aoeae o neeaae?
aieiaii? /anoeie neeaaeiii?ae?yaeiiai ?a/aiiy aeacothoue ia aaaeai?noue,
iaaeaiiy ia?aaaae o?e /e ?io?e iciaoe?, yaeuo, ae?? /e noaio,
aeooae?ciaaiei o aieiai?e /anoei?, ? caia?a/othoue ?aae??, i?i ye? iiaa
eaea o i?ae?yaei?e /anoei?.

Aeey ii??aiyeueieo ?a/aiue ae?oaiai ??ciiaeaeo oa?aeoa?iee oe?ieee iaa??
iii?ieo eaenai c? cia/aiiyi nooiaiy iciaee — ye?nii?, e?euee?nii? oa
/aniai?. sse?nii-ioe?iia naiaioeea aeoai?th?oueny caaaeyee
ooieoe?iioaaiith eiiia?aoea?a oeio e?aua, a??oa, iee?oa, ei?eni?oa oa
?i. E?euee?nia naiaioeea oi?io?oueny ia iniia? aioii?i?/ii? ia?e
a?eueoa/iaioa. Eaenaie c? cia/aiiyi i??e /ano oeio i?ci?oa, ?ai?oa,
/ano?oa, aeiaoa, oaeaeoa, ia?o noai?ththoue ? a?aeiia?aeiee naiaioe/iee
ieai.

O ii??aiyeueieo ?a/aiiyo c? cia/aiiyi cai?uaiiy a iiceoe?? iii?iiai
aeaiaioa iine?aeiaii aaeeaaiith ? oi?ia e?aua. Oa?aeoa?iei aeey oeueiai
?iaeo eiino?oeoe?e ? iiaeeea?noue cai?uaiiy niieo/iee?a i?ae, ye, /ei ?o
ooieoe?iiaeueiei aea?aaeaioii cai?noue oiai uia. Ca oiiae iaaii?
a?aiaoe/ii? i?aai?caoe?? ae??ne?aieo i?aaeeeao?a, cie?aia ae?aaeaiiy ?o
oi?iaie iaeaooiueiai /ano, iaeaciaiai aai oiiaiiai niinia?a, iayai?noue
i?aaeeeaoa yeino?-a?aeiioaiiy e?aua, yeee ? niaoe?ae?ciaaiei o
ii??aiyeueieo eiino?oeoe?yo c? cia/aiiyi cai?uaiiy, ne?ae ?icaeyaeaoe ye
iaiaia’yceiao: ? ana oae? neiaa a?aceea?, ui e?aua a a?i oaea iaeaya
i?inoi, i?ae oae iaeoe aae aei aeeaiai na?oey (Eany Oe?a?iea), ii?.:
…iaeaya ae i?inoi, cai?noue oae iaeoe aae aei naiiai na?oey.

C iiaeyaeo ia caniae ioi?ieaiiy i?ene?aiiai i?ae?yaeiiai ca’yceo, a naia
oae aeioe?eueii o?aeooaaoe eiai, caaaeath/e ia i?iaiiciaai?noue
i?ae?yaeiiai i?aaeeeaoeaiiai eiiiiiaioa c aieo iii?iiai aeaiaioa
aieiaii? /anoeie, oi iniaeeaei ?icia?ooyi a?i ia ae??ciy?oueny.
Ii??aiyeueiee niieo/iee i?ae, ??aeoa ye o cia/aii? i?ae — ?aeeiee can?a
ca’yceo, ooieoe?y yeiai o i?e?aeiaii? i?eeiiia?aoeaiiai i?ae?yaeiiai
eiiiiiaioa.

I?ene?aiee neioaene/iee ca’ycie ye oi?iaeueia ae?aaeaiiy neioaene/ieo
noinoie?a i?ae naaiaioaie iie?i?aaeeeaoeaieo eiino?oeoe?e c i?ae?yaeieie
i?eeiiia?aoeaieie ? caniaii oi?iaeueiiai ae?aaeaiiy ci?noiaeo
ii??aiyeueieo a?aeiioaiue, iieacieeii oeeo a?aeiioaiue. A?aeiia?aeii
oeiieia?y ca’yce?a iiaeiia a?aeiia?aeaoe no?oeoo?ii-a?aiaoe/i?e
oeiieia?? eiino?oeoe?e, ui aaco?oueny ia caniaao ii?aeiaiiy eiiiiiaio?a
— ?o neeaaeiee?a.

I?aeo?eio?oueny oaeee ca’ycie ? c aieo i?aaeeeaoa yeino?-a?aeiioaiiy —
eiiia?aoeaa, yeee ? eia?/ii aeaii?niei eiiiiiaioii ? caaeiaieueiy?oueny
icia/aiiyi noa’?eoa oa ia’?eoa ii??aiyiiy. I?e?iaeiuei oae? eiai
aaeaioiino? ?aae?cothoueny o i?e?ieiioaeno?, aeieacii /iai ? aeniea
/anoioi?noue ioi?ieaiiy iiaeaii?aeo neooaoe?e ii??aiyeueiiai ci?noo
aeeoa?aioe?thth/iai oeio neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieie eiino?oeoe?yie c
i?ae?yaeieie i?eeiiia?aoeaieie /anoeiaie. Iaeiae iiaeaii?a? oaiaeaioe??
aei eiii?an?? ?ioi?iaoe?? coiiaeththoue oaeiae ?io? iiaeeeaino?
aeaoa?i?iaoe?? naiaioeee aeuiai nooiaiy ii??aiyiiy, oeio aenie?eaoe??
ia’?eoa ii??aiyiiy o iae?ieiioaeno?: I?e niiaeyaeaii? eeoa caeaeinue
iai? ia iaeio ieoue yeonue, ui caaeaa? ia naei ii?, a aanue ia?iae. *e
iiaea aooe uinue aeaoeea?oa ia na?o?? (I.Aeiaaeaiei).

Ia?aeiieeaei aeieacii aieeao i?e?ieiioaenoo ia ?aae?caoe?th naiaioeee
eiiia?aoeaa a iie?i?aaeeeaoeaieo eiino?oeoe?yo ? no?ee? o?acaieia?ciaai?
eiino?oeoe?? c noia?eaoeaiei cia/aiiyi, ye? noaiaoe/ii iiaeia iiaeaoe
oae:

1. ui iiaea aooe + eiiia?aoea + i?ae (ye)…: Ui iiaea aooe ioaei?oiai, ye
o caaae? ?ioeo oaa?ei aeeiioaaoe oeth i?ei?oeaio e iaieio/o ooieoe?th?
(A.I?aeiiaeeueiee);

2. iaia(?) (i?/iai) + eiiia?aoea, i?ae (ye)…: Iaia a aeeoo? aeeoeea?oiai
cea, ye, ia?e?aaoe iaoe?th, i?iaeaoe ca ieoeo neaao i?aaaaeiee oaeaio
(?.Aiaothe);

3. o?aa (/e ? / iiaea aooe / uinue) + eiiia?aoea, i?ae (ye)…: Oa o?aa
iiaea aooe a?eueoa ?aae?noue aeey ia?, ai?ae ioey ianiiae?aaia cono??/ c
neiii? (A.Oeyi).

Oi?iaeueia i?iaiiciaai?noue ia’?eoiiai iioe?thaa/a i?e eiii?aoea? ia
/eieoue aieeao ia ?aaoethaaiiy no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/iiai iaiiaiaiiy
i?eeiiia?aoeaii? i?aaeeeaoeaii? /anoeie, yea, caaaeath/e ia aeya
eiiiiiaioiiai neeaaeo i?ae?yaeii? /anoeie, coiiaeth?oueny iicaiiaieie
/eiieeaie. A?aeiioaiiy iaa?aeiia?aeiino?, yea aeoai?th?oueny aiane?aeie
c?noaaeaiiy aeaio i?iiiceoe?e, iiaeia eiie?aoecoaaoe, nenoaiaoecoaaaoe
naiaioe/i? ooieoe?? aenie?eiaaieo /eai?a no?oeoo?e i?ae?yaeii? /anoeie.

Iaeoe?oiai canoinoaaiiy iaaoee ??ciinoa’?eoi? eiino?oeoe?? c? cia/aiiyi
c?noaaeaiiy ca nooiaiai aeyao i?aaeeeaoeaii? iciaee. C?noaaeyoeny oaeei
/eiii iiaeooue aea? noanoaioe?? uiaei e?euee?nii? i??e ni?eueii? aeey
iaio i?aaeeeaoeaii? iciaee, iii?iiaaii? eiiia?aoeaii o aieiai?e /anoei?
? ?iie?eiaaii? o i?ae?yaei?e /anoei?. *anoeiaa cia/aiiy eiiia?aoeaa o
oaeeo no?oeoo?ao aecia/a?oueny ye ?aeyoeaii-ia?aaeuoaaeueia.
??ciinoa’?eoi? i?iiiceoe??, ui ??ciyoueny i??ith aeyao i?aaeeeaoeaii?
iciaee aac cacia/aiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo oiia aai i?e/ei, iiaeooue
ioi?iethaaoeny aeaiaioa?iith no?oeoo?ith, i’?eoiee eiiiiiaio yei?
canooia? ia’?eoio neioaenaio i?iiiceoe??, ui ai?uo? eiiiiiaio — ia’?eo
c?noaaeaiiy. O aeiaaeeo eiie?aoecaoe?? aeiaeaoeiaeo oiia ?nioaaiiy
noa’?eoa, ye oi ??cia i?ioi?iaa eieae?caoe?y, iani?aa?aeiini?noue
/aniaeo oa?aeoa?enoee, oaeiai ?iaeo neioaene/ia noyaiaiiy
iie?i?aaeeeaoeaii? eiino?oeoe?? aaeueio?oueny: I?ea’yea, ye eenoy o
aeooo in?iue, aiii a?eueoa aiai?eei, i?ae eieenue aonoa… (?.Ea).

Ca oiiae aeenoaioe?eiiai ?icoaooaaiiy noa’?eoieo eiiiiiaio?a, /a?ac
c?noaaeaiiy yeeo c’yniao?oueny e?euee?nia iaa?aeiia?aei?noue
i?aaeeeaoeaieo iciae ??cieo i?iiiceoe?e, a?aiaoe/ia ?aaoey?i?noue
i?aai?caoe?? neeaaeii? eiino?oeoe?? ii?ooo?oueny, ? i?aaa iiceoe?y i?e
eiiia?aoea? caeeoa?oueny oi?iaeueii ia caiiaiaiith. Oe?e?niee ci?no
oaeeo eiino?oeoe?e ?aeaioeo?eo?oueny o iae?ieiioaeno?.

?aeyoeaii-aeeiai?/ia cia/aiiy eiiia?aoeaa aeyaey?oueny o iiiinoa’?eoieo
eiino?oeoe?yo, eiee a?i aaeeaa?oueny i?ney aeanaiaioeciaaieo ae??ne?a
oeio aooe, noaaaoe, ?iaeoeny. Oae? eiino?oeoe?? oi?iothoue
ia?aaeeaiaoe/iee ?yae ?acii c aeaiaioa?ieie eiino?oeoe?yie, aea
ae??ne?aiee i?aaeeeao — a?aeeiiia?aoeaia ooai?aiiy: c?iaeeany e?aua —
iie?auaea. Oii?iiaaiith aeey oaeiai ?iaeo eiino?oeoe?e ? ?iie?eaoe?y
i?eeiiia?aoeaii? no?oeoo?e, ? caniaii ae?aaeaiiy oe?e?niiai
ie?i?iiiceoeaiiai ci?noo ? iaeiieiiiiiaioia eiino?oeoe?y c i?enoaeeii, o
naiaioeoe? ae??ne?aii? /anoeie yeiai caeeaaeaii ci?no ia’?eoa
c?noaaeaiiy — o??? ae noanoaioe?? a ?ioee a?ae??cie /ano. Oeueiai
cia/aiiy eiiia?aoeao iaaeathoue «?ao?iniaeoeai? ?ioaineo?eaoi?e ana, ua»
(I.A. Ea/o?a).

Iine?aeiaii aeaieiiiiiaioieie ? eiino?oeoe?? c eiiia?aoeaaie, ui iathoue
?aeyoeaii-ii?iaoeaia cia/aiiy, aea iiaa eaea i?i e?euee?nio
iaa?aeiia?aei?noue i?aaeeeaoeaii? iciaee aeooae?ciaaii? i?iiiceoe??
ii?i? iciaee. Ii?ia iciaee — ia’?eo ii??aiyiiy — aenie?eo?oueny o
iine?aeiaii iinoiiceoe?ei?e i?ae?yaei?e /anoei? neeaaeiiai neioaene/iiai
oe?eiai. No?oeoo?a i?ae?yaeii? /anoeie i?e eiiia?aoea? c oaeei cia/aiiyi
iiaea aeyaeyoeny /a?ac i?aaeeeao, iiceoe?th yeiai caeiathoue iaeeieoe?
oeio o?aaa, ne?ae, iaeaaeeoue, iaiao?aeii, aiaeeoueny, iio??aii (ca
ii?iith). Naiaioe/ia iaiiaiaiiy ?o, i???ioiaaia ia eaene/ia cia/aiiy
iciaeiaiai neiaa i?aiiceoeaii? eiino?oeoe??, aeoai?th? ci?no ii?ie
iciaee. No?oeoo?a eiino?oeoe??, ae?acieea oii?iiaaii? i??e iciaee, iiaea
aeyaeyoeny ? o iiaiiio eiiiiiaioiiio neeaae?, iaeei c yeeo, ?iie?oeeoii
/e aenie?oeeoii i?acaioiaaiee, iaia’yceiai i???ioo? ia ci?no aieiaii?
eiino?oeoe??: Aiii [iaee//y] aac i??e aoiaeth/eeinue, iaiaaaeiny noaoe
oaeei aea na?eiciei, ye ? a naiiai I?aia?aaeainueeiai, ? a?ae oeueiai
o?aa nei?ei a?eueoa, i?ae aeiaaaa oeueiai ii/aniee noai
a?aeiia?aeaeueiiai ia?aeeaaea/a (?.Ea). Naiaioeeith oii?iiaaiino?
ie?aneaia naia oa a?oia ae??ne?a, ui aaeeaathoueny a iiceoe?? i?aaeeeaoa
i?ae?yaeii? /anoeie, c-iii?ae yeeo: aeiaaaoe, aeiioneaoe, aeicaieyoe,
aeciaaaoe.

Aecia/aeueiei aeaiaioii no?oeoo?ii? ? naiaioe/ii? i?aai?caoe??
neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieo ?a/aiue c i?ae?yaeieie i?eeiiia?aoeaieie aenooia?
eiiia?aoea, ? oiio i?e aiae?c? no?oeoo? c eiai o/anoth ne?ae caaaeaoe ia
eiai iioiaeaeaiiy — a?aei?eeiaoieeiaei /e a?aei?ene?aieeiaei ooai?aiiyi
a?i ?. ??cia i?e?iaea eiiia?aoea?a aeicaiey? aeeoa?aioe?thaaoe:

1. aeiaaeee c a?aeaae’?eoeaieie eiiia?aoeaaie — iiaeeo?eiaaieie
i?aaeeeaoaie yeino?: a?i aeuee (aeyaeany aeuei, caea?oueny aeuei, aoa
aeuei), i?ae y;

2. aeiaaeee c a?aeaae’?eoeaiei eiiia?aoeaii o i?enoanoaioeai?e iiceoe??
— aoi?eiiei ao?eaooeaiei i?aaeeeaoii: A?i aeciaaaa ca ae?ieith a?eueo?
i?aaa, i?ae aea? ?e ?neai (I.Eioetha.). Ii?.: …a?eueo? i?aaa, i?ae o?,
ui aea? ?e ?neai.

No?oeoo?ia iiaeaeue oaei? eiino?oeoe??, ui ooieoe?iio? ye aieiaia
/anoeia neioaene/iiai oe?eiai, oneeaaeith?oueny aeiaeaoeiaeie
eiiiiiaioaie, aea ii?yae c aaciaeie — i?aaeeeaoiith neioaenaiith ?,
coiiaeaieie ?? naiaioeei-neioaene/iith aaeaioi?noth, —
noanoaioe?aeueieie neioaenaiaie ae??ciythoueny aoi?eii? i?aaeeeaoi?
neioaenaie iaaaeaioiiai oa?aeoa?o, ye? ooai?aii aiane?aeie neioaene/ieo
o?ainoi?iaoe?e aeo?aeieo ?a/aiue. Aoi?eii? i?aaeeeaoi? neioaenaie,
i?acaioiaai? eiiia?aoeaaie o i?enoanoaioeai?e iiceoe??, ae?aaeathoue
noeoii?noue cia/aiue iciaee, iniaeeaiai ?? ??ciiaeaeo — naiaioeee
a?aeiioaiue.

*a?ac aiae?c iiaa?oiaai-neioaene/ii? nooiino? ii??aiyeueieo eiino?oeoe?e
icia/aii? i?aai?caoe?? c’yniao?oueny ii?aeiaiiy i?eeiaoieea o aeuiio
nooiai? ii??aiyiiy c ii??aithaaeueiei /eaiii — noanoaioeaiei eiiiiiaioii
no?oeoo?e i?ae?yaeii? i?aaeeeaoeaii? /anoeie. I?e oeueiio oi?ia
ii??aithaaiiai /eaia aecia/a?oueny ii??aiyeueiei iiaa?oiaai-neioaene/iei
a?aeiioaiiyi, a oaeiae oi?iith eiiia?aoeaa — aiae?oe/iei aai neioaoe/iei
ae?aaeaiiyi ii??aiyeueiiai nooiaiy.

Oe?ieiai aaeeoeo iaaoee no?oeoo?e, aea eiiia?aoea a?aeaaeaa?aaeueiiai
ooai?aiiy eaae?o?eo? ae??neiai: Oiio-oi Naiai caee a?eueoa a??eoe
iaiueoe?, i?ae aaoueeia?, a?eueo oaioaaoe ??, i?ae aaoueea (I.Eioetha.).
O eiino?oeoe?yo oaei? i?aai?caoe?? oi?ia ii??aithaaiiai /eaia neeaaeii
caeaaeeoue a?ae coiiaeaieo aaeaioi?noth ae??neiaa eiiiiiaioa, o ca’yceo
c /ei aeieea? iio?aaa c’ynoaaiiy niaoe?ae?ciaaieo ii??aiyeueieo
iiaa?oiaai-neioaene/ieo a?aeiioaiue (ca ?.I.Iaeue/oeii), ye?
eaae?o?eothoueny ye:

1. ii??aiyeueii-noa’?eoia a?aeiioaiiy: A ui ?eieyiei ioe?iea ?o e?aua,
i?ae caieyee, oi na aaea ??/ cae/aeia… (Eany Oe?a?iea);

2. ii??aiyeueii-eiiieaoeai? a?aeiioaiiy; caeaaeii a?ae iayaieo
aaeaioiicoiiaeaieo c aieo ae??ne?aiiai i?aaeeeaoa eiiiiiaio?a o aieiai?e
/anoei?, no?oeoo?e i?ae?yaeii? i?aaeeeaoii? /anoeie i?acaioothoue ?o
iiceoe?ei? noanoaioeai? i?ioe/eaie. Naiaioe/ia ia?aaeaa/oaai?noue
niieo/oaaiino? ae??ne?a c ea?iaaieie oi?iaie ?iai ??oioo?oueny ia
eaeneei-a?aiaoe/iiio ?o cia/aii? ? eaae?o?eo?oueny ye can?a i?ae?yaeiiai
ca’yceo, ui noino?oueny «cia/aii?ai ia?aaeaa/oaaii? iii?iei neiaii
niieo/oaaiino? iai?yieo a?aei?ie?a ?iaiiee?a aac i?eeiaiiee?a ? c
i?eeiaiieeaie» (?.?.Aeoiaaiaoeue). Caeaaeii a?ae aaeaioiiai iioaioe?aeo
ae??neiai aeiaaa? ??cii? e?eueeino? ea?iaaieo ?iai — a?ae iaeiiai aei
naie. O ca’yceo c /ei iinoa? iaiao?aei?noue ae??ciaiiy
iiaa?oiaai-neioaene/ieo a?aeiioaiue noiniaii ii??aiyeueieo eiino?oeoe?e,
o no?oeoo?? i?eeiiia?aoeaii? /anoeie yeeo iayaiee noanoaioe?eiee
eiiiiiaio, ia?aaeaa/oaaiee aaeaioi?noth i?aaeeeaoiiai neiaa. Iniaeeai
/anoi aaeeaathoueny eiino?oeoe?? c ia’?eoiith ooieoe??th ?iaiiee?a o
oi?i? ciao?aeiiai a?aei?iea: Ne?iioo i/ae eaaoa coe?eeoe, i?ae ne?iioo
aeoo? (A.Aeiie/aiei) aai i?eeiaiieeiai-a?aei?ieiaith oi?iith: …a nai a?i
a?eueoa ia oaaeth iieeaaeaany, i?ae ia i?noieth (A.Eaieee).
Iaiiiaeeiieeie ? oaeiae aeiaaeee c ?iaiieeaie o aeaaaeueiiio a?aei?ieo c
aae?anaoiith ooieoe??th: …aiaai a?eueoa ia?aiaaea? uanoy ia a?eiio
na?o?, ai?ae ethaeyi (I.Noaeueiao); c ?iaiieeaie a i?oaeiiio a?aei?ieo c
?ino?oiaioaeueiith ooieoe??th: Iaeueoe? o iueiai aoee noo?, aeiaa?, ?
caeaaaeiny, noa?aiueeee a?eaaaee? aa/eoue ? a?ae/oaa? ieie a?eueoa, i?ae
i/eia (A.Niaei); i?eeiaiieeiai-a?aei?ieiaeie oi?iaie c eieaoeaiith
ooieoe??th — cacia/aiiyi i?noey oa iai?yieo ?ooo: ?, ye caaaeaee, a?i
aa/eoue noi ?? n??i-aieoaeo i/ae a?eueoa ee?oueny a ?? aeooo, ai?ae ia
eiainue (I.Noaeueiao);

3. ii??aiyeueii-ianoaaeii? a?aeiioaiiy: O oeeo ?iciiaao nai ia nai c
ethaeeiith ?ioiai, aeaeaeiai na?oo Oa?oeueeee ii/oaaa naaa c?an?i
?iaeoa, i?ae i?e /an ?iciiae c nai?ie iaa?eoaie ii ca?i? (I.Aii/a?).

Iaa?aeiia?aei?noue e?euee?niiai aeyao i?aaeeeaoii? iciaee, iii?iiaaii? o
aieiai?e /anoei? neeaaeiii?ae?yaeiiai ?a/aiiy, e?euee?ni?e i??? oe??? ae
iciaee, ?iie?oeeoii ae?aaeaii? o i?ae?yaei?e /anoei?, iiaea aooe
aeeeeeaia ci?iith /aniai? eieae?ciaaiino? icia/oaaiiai noa’?eoa /
i?aaeiaoa, a oaeiae ci?iith eiai i?inoi?iaiai ?icoaooaaiiy. *aniaee oa
i?inoi?iaee eieae?caoi?e, ui ni?e/eiththoue e?euee?nio ci?io
i?aaeeeaoeaii? iciaee, aoaeo/e aeaoa?i?iaioieie iioe?thaa/aie,
iaia’yceiai aeyaeythoueny a iaio no?oeoo?ao i?aaeeeaoeaieo eiiiiiaio?a
neeaaeiii?ae?yaeiiai ?a/aiiy. Aeineoue /anoi oaeee oa?aeoa?ecaoi? ?
?aeeiei eiiiiiaioii, ui iaaoaa? aenie?eaoe?? o i?eeiiia?aoeai?e
eiino?oeoe??: Oaiy ai?oaeaia i?ieoiaea ia a??oa o i?inoi??e ?einuee?e
oeie?, i?ae o oai?e oaia?e oao? (Eany Oe?a?iea).

No?oeoo?ia i?aai?caoe?y iie?i?aaeeeaoeaieo eiino?oeoe?e ii??aiyeueii?
naiaioeee oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iaaieie iniaeeainoyie. O neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieo
?a/aiiyo c i?ae?yaeieie i?eeiiia?aoeaieie c? cia/aiiyi ia?aaaae
c?noaaeaiiy caciathoue aeeth/ii i?aaeeeaoeai? iciaee, i?acaioiaai?
ae??ne?aieie eaenaiaie aai neiaaie eaoaai??? noaio, ui iiaeooue iaoe
??cia a?aiaoe/ia ioi?ieaiiy. Aeineoue /anoi aiie ae?aaeathoueny
?io?i?oeaaie: E?aua a ??aei?i e?a? iee?i iieyaoe e?noueie, neiiaoe, i?ae
a caie? /oae?e, ai?iae?e a neaai?e oai? i?iaoaaoe! (I.Ai?iiee).
Eiiia?aoea a ?io?i?oeaieo eiino?oeoe?yo — iae?aaoi?iee eiiiiiaio ?o
no?oeoo?.

Oioiaei?noue a?aiaoe/iiai ioi?ieaiiy i?aaeeeao?a o iiaeaeyo neeaaeiaeo
/anoei neioaene/iiai oe?eiai i?inoaaeo?oueny ia caaaeaee. Eiee
aeoai?thaaiee ci?no eiino?oeoe?e noino?oueny eiie?aoii? iniae, o
i?aaeeeaoi?e iiceoe?? aieiaii? /anoeie aaeeaathoueny ae??ne?ai? oi?ie
oiiaiiai niiniao: E?aua a oaea?ea iaia ua ?ac iaeeoeath, ai?ae ioae?
neiaa iai? /ooe… (A.Oeyi). Ooieoe?iiaeueia cia/ou?noue eiiia?aoeaa ca
oaeiai ioi?ieaiiy i?aaeeeaoiiai neiaa iineaaeth?oueny, oiio a?i eaaei
aeeo/a?oueny c? no?oeoo?e: Ni?aaa ae aa?ii ii-ueaey/e, I?ae /i?oacia-ye
ii-nieia’y/e (E.Ae?aia). Oaeoeueoaoeaiei ? aaeeaaiiy eiiia?aoeaa ? o
eiino?oeoe?yo c i?aaeeeaoaie, ae?aaeaieie oi?iaie iaeaooiueiai /ano oa
ae??neiaaie iaeaciaiai oa niiioeaeueiiai niinia?a.

Aeiaaeee, aea iiceoe?th ?io?i?oea?a caeiathoue noanoaioe?ei? neioaenaie,
ae?aaeai? oi?iaie iaceaiiai a?aei?iea, ne?ae ?icaeyaeaoe ye oae?, aea
?iaiai iicia/a?oueny oe?ea neooaoe?y: Oiae? e?aua nia?oue, ai?ae a?/ia
?iceoea c I?ioi?ii (A.Oeyi).

I?eeiiia?aoeai? eiino?oeoe??, ye? iaaeathoue neeaaeiiio neioaene/iiio
oe?eiio cia/aiiy c?noaaeaiiy ca nooiaiai ye?nii?, e?euee?nii? aai
/aniai? iciaee, oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ?aaoey?iith iaiiaiioith, yea
aeyaey?oueny a ae?i?iaoe?? eiiiiiaio?a i?e no?oeoo?oaaii? ?o iiaeaeae.
I?aaeeeaoia iciaea, ui iaaoea ae?aaeaiiy o aieiai?e /anoei? /a?ac
ioi?ieaiiy a?aeaae’?eoeaiei aai a?aeaaeaa?a?aeueiei eiiia?aoeaii, o
no?oeoo?? i?ae?yaeii? /anoeie iine?aeiaii ae?i?io?oueny.

Eiee c?noaaeythoueny aea? iniae, i?aaeiaoe uiaei nooiaiy aeyao o ieo
i?aaeeeaoii? iciaee, iii?iiaaii? ae??neiaii, a?aeaaeaa?a?aeueiee
eiiia?aoea, i?aai?coth/e oaea ooai?aiiy, ooieoe?iio? ye aoi?eiiee
i?aaeeeao yeino?-a?aeiioaiiy. Aeey no?oeoo?ieo iiaeaeae eiino?oeoe?e,
aaeeaaieo i?e a?aeaaeaa?a?aeueiiio eiiia?aoea?, aeanoeaa ae?i?iaoe?y
i?aaeeeao?a yeino?, ye? iaaoee ae?aaeaiiy o aieiai?e /anoei? neeaaeiiai
neioaene/iiai oe?eiai: Aea oea aoa o?eueee eeno, ui nai?th iiyaith
caeeaoaaa eiai ua a?eueoa, i?ae iai?ioaiee a?noue (A.I?aeiiaeeueiee).
Ae?i?ioaaiiy i?aaeeeaoieo eiiiiiaio?a o no?oeoo?? i?eeiiia?aoeaieo
/anoei aeanoeaei ? oaeiae aeey eiino?oeoe?e c ii??aiyeueii-eiiieaoeaieie
oa ii??aiyeueii-ianoaaeiieie a?aeiioaiiyie.

Oaea iine?aeiaia oaiaeaioe?y aei ae?i?ioaaiiy i?aaeeeaoieo eiiiiiaio?a
?ieiee ii?ooo?oueny /a?ac ?o a?aei?iia a?ae iaeiiooieoe?iiaeueieo /eai?a
aieiaii? /anoeie iiaeaeueii-/aniaa ae?aaeaiiy: Iia??oa iai?, a?i c?iaea
aeey naiai aeeooy oaea a aaaaoi ?ac?a a?eueoa, i?ae ie ioea ooo ?iaeii…
(I.Aeiaaeaiei). I?aaeeeaoiee eiiiiiaio o no?oeoo?? i?ae?yaeii? /anoeie
iaia’yceiai aenie?eo?oueny, eiee a?i ia? ?ioa noiniaii ooieoe?iiaeueiiai
i?ioe/eaia aieiaii? /anoeie eaene/ia ae?aaeaiiy: …aeooa eiai
aeoiieth?oueny ia i?inoi?e aei??a ?ai?oa, i?ae iaaeaeeiee oioiaeaiaio
?icnoia aaaee? aeaa?? aa?aaea… (I.Aii/a?). Iaia’yceiaei a?aeoai?aiiy
i?aaeeeaoiiai eiiiiiaioa o no?oeoo?? i?ae?yaeii? /anoeie ? oiae?, eiee
oe?eue ii??aiyiiy — eiinoaooaaoe iaa?aeiia?aei?noue aeooae?ciaaii? o
aieiai?e /anoei? iciaee oiio, ui ia?aaeaa/a?oueny, ia ui i/?eo?oueny:
Caaaeii ae?a/eia niiaeiaaeanue eiio a?eueoa, i?ae a?i e?eueea aiaeei i?a
iiaeoiaoe (A.I?aeiiaeeueiee).

O ooieoe?iiaeueiiio ieai? ?a/aiiy c? niieo/ieeii i?ae i?ioenoaaeythoueny
ii??aiyeueiei ?a/aiiyi c? niieo/ieeii ye. Niieo/iee i?ae, iine?aeiaii
aaeeaath/enue i?e aeuiio nooiai? ii??aiyiiy, niaoe?ae?ciaaiee aeey
ioi?ieaiiy i?eeiiia?aoeaiiai ca’yceo. A?i ? ae?acieeii ii??aiyiiy
?iciiae?aithaaeueiiai oeio. Aeey niieo/ieea ye aeanoeaei ? aaeeaaiiy ?
i?e ianooiaiueiaai?e oi?i? ye?nieo i?eeiaoiee?a oa i?ene?aiee?a, aea a?i
? ae?acieeii ii??aiyiiy oiiae?aithaaeueiiai oeio. Iineaaeaiiy
naiaioe/iiai i?ioenoaaeaiiy cacia/aieo niieo/iee?a i?inoaaeo?oueny o
aeiaaeeao c? no?eeeie o?acaieia?ciaaieie eiino?oeoe?yie, aea eiiia?aoea
aeyaey? ia aeanoeaa aeey iueiai cia/aiiy aeuiai, a cia/aiiy iaeaeuiai
nooiaiy aeyao iciaee.

Naiaioeea c?noaaeaiiy, aeoai?thaaia neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieie eiino?oeoe?yie
c i?ae?yaeieie i?eeiiia?aoeaieie, aeieea? i?e ni?aa?aeiioaii? aeaio yaeu
ca i?aaeeeiaaieie iciaeaie. Oaea ni?aa?aeiioaiiy anoaiiaeth?
a?aei?ii?noue, iaa?aeiia?aei?noue, yea oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ??ciei nooiaiai
aeyao, ui ?ethno?o?oueny iie?i?aaeeeaoeaieie eiino?oeoe?yie
aiae?ciaaiiai oeio aae aei iiaii? i?ioeeaaeiino?. Caaaeath/e ia oa, ui
i?ioeeaaei? a?aeiioaiiy ? /anoeiaith ?aae?caoe??th ocaaaeueiaieo
c?noaaethaaeueieo noinoie?a, aeioe?eueii cacia/eoe aeecuee?noue
i?eeiiia?aoeaii-ii??aiyeueieo a?aeiioaiue o neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieo ?a/aiiyo
c i?ae?yaeieie i?eeiiia?aoeaieie aei i?ioenoaaii-c?noaaethaaeueieo,
ioi?iethaaieo no?yaeiei niieo/ieeii a (ia): Aiia-ai a??oa eae?ea, i?ae
oeae /ieia?e, ui aoa ne?iee (A.Aeiie/aiei). Eiee ia aeoeaiooaaoe oaaao
e?euee?niiio aeya? nooiaiy iaa?aeiia?aeiino? i?aaeeeaoii? iciaee,
aeanoeai? ??ciei iniaai, ci?no eiino?oeoe?? iiaeia oeoia/eoe ye: aiia-ai
a??oa eae?ea, a ia oeae /ieia?e, aea o?aciai iaaieiooaaieie ? naia
noa’?eoe, ui c?noaaeythoueny. Uiaei c?noaaethaaeueieo ?a/aiue c?
cia/aiiyi ia?aaaae, oi aiie aeyaeythoue aeecuee?noue aei
caia?a/ii-i?ioenoaaieo a?aeiioaiue o neeaaeiino?yaeieo ?a/aiiyo c?
niieo/ieeii aea (ia): Oa oaeaeoa y a iiaeeo eyaeo, ai?ae i?aeo aei
eieainio! (A.Oeyi). Ii?.: Oa oaeaeoa y a iiaeeo eyaeo, aea ia i?aeo aei
eieainio.

Eiiieaeniee i?aeo?ae aei aiae?co eiiiiiaioieo ?aae?coe?e no?oeoo?ieo
iiaeaeae iie?i?aaeeeaoeaieo eiino?oeoe?e c i?ae?yaeieie
i?eeiiia?aoeaieie i?eca?a aei iiaeeeaino? nenoaiiiai ?o a?oioaaiiy
oeyoii ae??ciaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueieo oei?a aeine?aeaeoaaieo no?oeoo?.
*a?ac c?noaaeaiiy aeaio i?iiiceoe?e, ui i?aai?cothoueny ye
neeaaeiii?ae?yaei? ?a/aiiy c i?ae?yaeieie i?eeiiia?aoeaieie,
aeyaeythoueny:

1. eiino?oeoe?? — ?aae?caoe?? cia/aiiy ia?aaaae ci?noo iaei???
i?iiiceoe?? iaae ?ioith. I?aaeiaoii c?noaaeaiiy o oaeeo eiino?oeoe?yo ?
aeania i?aaeeeaoeai? iciaee, iaei?e c yeeo eiioi?eaioii iaaea?oueny
ia?aaaaa. I?aeo?ae inoaiiueiai aei ioe?ithaaiiy cia/ouino? aeaio
neooaoeaii i?acaioiaaieo yaeu ??oioo?oueny ia eiai aeania noa’?eoeaiiio
aa/aii?: E?aua ae iai? eiio caieaoeoe, i?ae aeeaeia?… (I.Eioetha.) aai
coiiaeth?oueny o?aaeeoe?eii ae?iaeaieie onoiyie: E?aua ?icoiia aeiaaia,
i?ae aeo?ia iioaaea (Ia?.oa.);

2. ??ciinoa’?ei? eiino?oeoe?? — ?aae?caoe?? cia/aiiy aeyao iin??a
a?eueoiai nooiaiy i?eienoaaieo iei i?aaeeeaoeaieo iciae. Oae? noa’?eoe
iiaeooue c?noaaeyoeny ye ca nooiaiai aeyao ni?eueii? aeey iaio
i?aaeeeaoii? iciaee: Oey noai?a /ieia?/a ae?oaeaa, yea ia ?ac
aei?iaiao?oueny nia?oth, caeiaoaa?oueny aaae/a, i?ae ia?oa eioaiiy
(I.Aii/a?), oae ? ca ?ioaineai?noth ci?ie ?o noai?a aai ?aae?caoe?? ieie
??cieo ae?e: Aaee/acia, cia/ii a?eueoa, i?ae iiaea ai?noeoe ethaenueea
aeooa, ai?a aiaei ia ia?iae, i?eaeooeei eiai, iiaiaei (I.Aeiaaeaiei);

3. iiiinoa’?eoi? eiino?oeoe?? — ?aae?caoe?? cia/aiiy aeyao a?eueoith
i??ith iaei??? c aeaio iaeiaeiai aeanoeaeo aeey noa’?eoa i?aaeeeaoeaieo
iciae. O a?aeiioaiiy c?noaaeaiiy caeo/athoueny i?iiiceoe?? c o??th
naiith iniaith (oei naiei i?aaeiaoii), o yei? ??ci? i?aaeeeaoi? iciaee
aeyaeythoueny iaiaeiaeiaith i??ith: ?a/? na?e eie?? o?aoyoue ?ai?oa,
ai?ae ?iciaaeooueny ia ia?a?ni? o?eueoey (I.Ca?ia). Aeineoue /anoi a
oaeeo eiino?oeoe?yo iiaa eaea i?i iaa?aeiia?aei?noue i?aaeeeaoeaieo
iciae c iiaeyaeo ia /aniaee iiiaio ?o ?aae?caoe?? iaeia uiaei iaeii? aai
iaa?aeiia?aei?noue e?euee?niiai aeyao i?aaeeeaoii? iciaee aeooae?ciaaii?
i?iiiceoe?? ?? aeania iioaioe?ei?e /e ocae/a?i?e i???: Ie iaeyaa?iinue,
iai?eeeaae, a??oa, i?ae iiaee a iaeyaaoeny, neeeo?iiny yeiaene?iii?oa
anoaoeoaaoeny ? ui?ieo i?ea?aeith?iiny (A.I?aeiiaeeueiee);

4. iiiinoa’?eoi? eiino?oeoe?? c? ni?eueiei i?aaeeeaoii — ?aae?caoe??
cia/aiiy caeaaeiino? i??e aeyao i?aaeeeaoii? iciaee a?ae aeaoa?i?iiaaieo
iioe?thaa/?a i?aaeeeaoiiai eiiiiiaioa, ui oae?aciththoue:

· ci?io i?inoi?iai? eieae?ciaaiino? icia/oaaii? noanoaioe??: …a ieo oai
noiya ooiai iaaaaaoi aono?oee, ai?ae ooo, o ian… (I.Aii/a?);

· iine?aeiaio ci?io e?euee?niiai aeyao i?aaeeeaoii? iciaee c ?icaeoeii
?? o /ania?e ia?niaeoea?: Ia ciath, /e nieoueny eiee nia/i?oa, ye e?oii
ia nae?, ii ia?ae?, ia?aae a/aniith eaaith… (A.Eaieee);

5. iiiinoa’?eoi? eiino?oeoe?? c? ni?eueiei i?aaeeeaoii — ?ae?caoe??
cia/aiiy caeaaeiino? i??e aeyao i?aaeeeoii? iciaee a?ae
aaeaioiiia?aaeaa/oaaieo noanoaioe?aeueieo neioaenai, ui eiiieaeoothoue
ci?no neinaiaioe/ieo ae??ne?a, aaeeaaieo o iiceoe?? i?aaeeeaoa: Ae?a/eia
caa?oaea ia iueiai oaaae ia a?eueoa, i?ae ia a?eueiee no?eaoeue
(A.Niaei).

O?ao?e ?icae?e aeine?aeaeaiiy «I?ae?yaei? i?eeiiia?aoeai? a nenoai?
neioaeneii? aea?eaaoe??» oi?ea?oueny ieoaiiy ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae?yaeieo
i?eeiiia?aoeaieo c ?ioeie oeiaie ii??aiyeueieo eiino?oeoe?e, a oaeiae
c’ynoaaiiy iai?yi?a oa ??ciiaeae?a iiaeeeaeo aea?eaaoe?eieo ia?aoai?aiue
i?eeiiia?aoeaieo no?oeoo? c iaoith anoaiiaeaiiy ?o noaoono a nenoai?
neioaene/ii? aea?eaaoe??. Aecia/aeueiei /eiieeii, ui ni?ey?
a?aeiaaeoaaiith neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieo ?a/aiue c i?ae?yaeieie
i?eeiiia?aoeaieie a?ae ?aooe iie?i?aaeeeaoeaieo eiino?oeoe?e
ii??aiyeueii? naiaioeee, aenooia? i?ene?aiee i?ae?yaeiee ca’ycie.
Iayai?noue i?aaeeeaoeaii? /anoeie i?e eiiia?aoea? ia?aaeaa/a?oueny
naiaioeei-neioaene/iith aaeaioi?noth inoaiiueiai, a, ioaea, ?
iaia’yceiaith aeey eiiieaeooaaiiy oe?e?niiai ci?noo neeaaeiiai
neioaene/iiai ooai?aiiy. Ii??aiyeuei? i?ae?yaei? /anoeie, ui
ii?aeiothoueny c aieiaiith /anoeiith aeaoa?i?iaioiei ca’yceii, ?
iaiaia’yceiaeie, aaeeaaieie ye noee?noe/iee can?a oae?aciaiiy
i?aaeeeaoeaii? iciaee, iii?iiaaii? o aieiai?e /anoei?. Oa?aeoa? ca’yceo
i?ae /anoeiaie neeaaeiiai oe?eiai ni?ey? eaae?o?eaoe?? i?ae?yaeieo
ii??aiyeueieo ye ye?nii oa?aeoa?ecoth/eo i?aaeeeaoio iciaeo aieiaii?
/anoeie, a a?aeiioaiiy, anoaiiaethaai? i?ae oeeie /anoeiaie — ye
a?aeiioaiiy iiae?aiino?, a?aeiia?aeiino?. I?eeiiia?aoeaiee i?ae?yaeiee
ca’ycie ia?aaeaa/a? iaa?aeiia?aei?noue c?noaaethaaieo yaeu uiaei
e?euee?nii? i??e aeyao i?aaeeeaoieo iciae, ui ? i?aenoaaith
eaae?o?eoaaoe eiino?oeoe?? a?aeiia?aeii? i?aai?caoe?? ye
iie?i?aaeeeaoeai? c e?euee?nii oa?aeoa?ecoth/eie i?ae?yaeieie /anoeiaie.
Caaaeath/e ia a?aeiioaiiy e?euee?nii? iaa?aeiia?aeiino? i?ae neeaaeiaeie
eiino?oeoe?yie c i?ae?yaeieie i?eeiiia?aoeaieie, oae? ooai?aiiy ne?ae
o?aeooaaoe ye ii??aiyeuei? ?a/aiiy ?iciiae?aithaaeueiiai oeio.

I?ene?aiee i?ae?yaeiee ca’ycie i?ae /anoeiaie neeaaeiii?ae?yaeiiai
?a/aiiy c i?ae?yaeiei i?eeiiia?aoeaiei c? cia/aiiyi ii??aiyiiy ca
nooiaiai aeyao ye?nii? i?aaeeeaoii? iciaee aeyaey?oueny aiaeia?eiei aei
neeueiiai ea?oaaiiy ia ??ai? niieo/aiiy eiiia?aoeaa c caeaaeieie a?ae
iueiai oi?iaie ne?a. Ooieoe?iioth/e ye i?aaeeeao yeino?-a?aeiioaiiy,
eiiia?aoea ? aeaiaaeaioiei eiiiiiaioii c noa’?eoiith oa ia’?eoiith
iiceoe?yie, inoaii? ia ??ai? neiainiieo/aiiy caiiaiththoueny oi?iaie
?iaeiaiai a?aei?iea aai i?eeiaiieeiai-a?aei?ieiaeie oi?iaie ?iai. Oaea
yaeua aeicaiey? ?icaeyaeaoe aeiaaeee c i?eeiiia?aoeaiei eiiiiiaioii
??cii? a?aiaoe/ii? i?aai?caoe?? ye ooieoe?iiaeueii-neiii?i?/i?,
iiia?aaeiuei caoaaaeeaoe, ui i?aaeeeaoeai? no?oeoo?e i?e eiiia?aoea? ?
yaeuai ia?aeiiiai ooai?aiiy. Aiie a?aeia?aaeathoue nooue aeoo
c?noaaeaiiy aeaio neooaoe?e ae?eniino?, yeee ia iiaiiio ??ai?
a?aeoai?th?oueny /a?ac ioi?ieaiiy iie?i?aaeeeaoeaiith eiino?oeoe??th.
Neioaene/ia ni?iuaiiy neeaaeiii?ae?yaeiiai ?a/aiiy aiae?ciaaiiai oeio
ia?aaeaa/a? cai?oaiiy i?ae?yaeii? no?oeoo?e oeyoii cai?ie ??
noanoaioe?eiei /eaiii ?a/aiiy. Iiaeeea?noue oaeeo o?ainoi?iaoe?eieo
ia?aoai?aiue aeyaey iie?aeiaii noanoaioeaiee oa?aeoa? eia?/ii iiaii?
iniiae ii??aiyiiy: Aaeeea, aaaaoi a?eueoa, i?ae iiaea ai?noeoe
na?aeii?noue, ai?a aiaei ia ia?iae, i?eaeooeei eiai, iiaiaei
(I.Aeiaaeaiei), ii?.: Aaeeea, aaaaoi a?eueoa, i?ae oa, ui iiaea ai?noeoe
na?aeii?noue, ai?a aiaei ia ia?iae.

Iaeiaeiai i?eaeaoieie aeey oaeiai ?iaeo o?ainoi?iaoe?eieo ia?aoai?aiue ?
no?oeoo?e i?e eiiia?aoea? c ?aeyoeaii-ia?aaeuoth/ei oa
?aeyoeaii-ii?iaoeaiei cia/aiiyi. Eiino?oeoe??, ui ae?uothoue eiiia?aoea
?aeyoeaii-ia?aaeuoth/iai cia/aiiy, aenooiathoue caniaii a?aiaoe/iiai
ioi?ieaiiy ??ciinoa’?eoieo i?iiiceoe?e aai iiiinoa’?eoieo i?iiiceoe?e,
i?aaeeeaoeai? iciaee yeeo aeyaeythoueny o ??ci? iiiaioe /ano aai o
??ci?e i?inoi?ia?e eieae?ciaaiino?. Neioaene/ia ni?iuaiiy ye ??ciiaeae
aea?eaaoe?eiiai ia?aoai?aiiy i?ae?yaeii? no?oeoo?e ia?aaeaa/a? noyaiaiiy
i?eeiiia?aoeaiiai i?aaeeeaoeaiiai eiiiiiaioa aei noanoaioe?eii?
neioaenaie, yea aiane?aeie aea?eaaoe?eieo ia?aoai?aiue ao?a/a?
aeanoea?noue i?aaeeeaoeaiiai eiiiiiaioa aooe ae?acieeii
iiaeaeueii-/aniaiai ieaio ie?aiiai iia?aeiieaiiy, ? iaaoaa? iiai?
ooieoe?? — iii?io? ia’?eo c?noaaeaiiy: Iiaea e a??o oaea eacaoe: aea
aiii aeaeaii, uia ae?a/a aoei e?aua iae nayoiai niioey e i?nyoey
(I.Eoe?o).

Ii?yae c? niieo/ieeii i?ae o eiino?oeoe?yo c i?ae?yaeieie
i?eeiiia?aoeaieie c? cia/aiiyi cai?uaiiy ia?aeaeueii aaeeaa?oueny eiai
ooieoe?iiaeueiee aea?aaeaio — cai?noue (oiai) uia, yeee o iiaeaeueiiio
ieai? ia ? niaoe?ae?ciaaiei: a?i ae?aaea? cia/aiiy i?ioenoaaeaiiy /e
c?noaaeaiiy, a oiio aaeeaaiiy eiai iiaeeeaa ? o eiino?oeoe?yo,
iaeo?aeueieo c oi/ee ci?o aaaeaiino?, ia?aaaae aai aeioe?eueiino?.
Iine?aeiaiee ia?aeae?ci aaeeaaiiy oeeo niieo/ieo cania?a o oaeeo
no?oeoo?ao ni?e/eith? aeioe?euei?noue oeoia/eoe ?o ye oae?, ui
aeyaeythoue aeecuee?noue aei caia?a/ii-i?ioenoaaieo neeaaeiino?yaeieo
?a/aiue c? niieo/ieeii a (ia), aea (ia): …? oiio aie?a ocyoe aei e?aueo
/an?a uinue aa?i?oa, i?ae ii aeo?iiio aeo?a/aoeny ia iina?aaei?
(A.I?aeiiaeeueiee), ii?.: …? oiio aie?a ocyoe aei e?aueo /an?a uinue
a??oa, a ia aeo?a/aoeny ia iina?aaei?.

Aiae?c ii??aiyeieo iie?i?aaeeeaoeaieo eiino?oeoe?e c i?ae?yaeieie i?e
eiiia?aoea? e?aua, ui aeoai?ththoue cia/aiiy ia?aaaae aai cai?uaiiy,
aeyaea oaeoeueoaoeai?noue aenie?oeeoiiai ae?aaeaiiy icia/aiiai
eiiia?aoeaa. A?aiaoe/ia ioi?ieaiiy i?aaeeeaoiiai eiiiiiaioa aieaiii?
/anoeie oaeeo eiinooeoe?e ? ?aaoeueiaaiei: ca iayaiino? eiiia?aoeaa o
iiceoe?? i?aaeeeaoa aaeeaathoueny ?io?i?oeae (?io?i?oeai? eiino?oeoe?? —
iaea?eueo /anoioi? c-iii?ae ?a/aiue c? cia/aiiyi ia?aaaae), ae??ne?ai?
oi?ie iaeaciaiai oa niiioeaeueiiai niinia?a (ii?oieiai-neioaene/iee
niin?a aeyao ia’?eoeaii? ???aaeueii? iiaeaeueiino? eiino?oeoe?yie c?
cia/aiiyi cai?uaiiy), oi?ie iaeaooiueiai /ano; ca a?aenooiino?
eiiia?aoeaa — o? ae oi?ie, e??i ?io?i?oeaa. Ae?i?iaoe?y eiiia?aoeaa
e?aua, ui ? iiaeeeaith /a?ac iaiaia’yceia?noue eiai ye naiaioe/iiai ?
no?oeoo?iiai eiiiiiaioa, i?aeoaa?aeaeo? aeioe?euei?noue oeoia/aiiy eiai
i?aeneethaaeueii? /anoee. A?aooaaiiy oeueiai, a oaeiae iine?aeiaii
aeenoaioia ?icoaooaaiiy eiiia?aoeaa oa aeeoa?aioe?thth/iai ii??aiyeiiai
niieo/ieea i?ae aeicaiey? eiinoaooaaoe aeecuee?noue eiino?oeoe?e c?
cia/aiiyi ia?aaaae oa c? cia/aiiyi cai?uaiiy aei neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieo
ooai?aiue ?ic/eaiiaaiiai oeio.

O neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieo ?a/aiiyo c i?ae?yaeieie i?eeiiia?aoeaieie, ui
aeoai?ththoue cia/aiiy ii??aiyiiy ca nooiaiai ye?nii?, e?euee?nii? aai
/aniai? iciaee, eiiia?aoea aaciina?aaeiuei eiioaeoo? c? niieo/ieeii i?ae
? ? iaia’yceiaei eiiiiiaioii no?oeoo?e aieiaii? /anoeie neeaaeiiai
neioaene/iiai oe?eiai. sse iii?iee aeaiaio, ui i?iaiico? iayai?noue
i?ae?yaeii? /anoeie caaeey eiiieaeooaaiiy naiai ci?noo, a?i aeeiio?
iaaio neioaene/io ooieoe?th: ?iaiii? /anoeie neeaaeii ae?aaeaiiai
i?aaeeeaoa aai aoi?eiiiai ao?eaooeaiiai i?aaeeeaoa o aeiaaeeo c
a?aeaae’?eoeaiei eiiia?aoeaii aai ??ciiai ?iaeo ianoaaeiiiai
oa?aeoa?ecaoi?a, eiee oaeee eiiia?aoea ? a?aeaaeaa?aaeueiei ooai?aiiyi,
? oiio aeeo/aiiy eiai c? no?oeoo?e ia ? iiaeeeaei. Ooieoe?iioaaiiy
oaeiai eiiia?aoeaa ye i?aaeeeaoa yeino?-a?aeiioaiiy o?aouei?, eia?/ii
aeoai?thaaii? i?iiiceoe??, i?aaia?/ia aaeaioia iiceoe?y yeiai
caiiaith?oueny i?ene?aii i?aeii?yaeeiaoaaiith i?aaeeeaoeaiith /anoeiith,
aeicaiey? o?aeooaaoe neioaene/i? ooai?aiiy icia/aii? i?aai?caoe?? ye
eiino?oeoe?? ia?ic/eaiiaaiiai oeio.

I?inoaaeoth/e aiaeia?th i?ae ca’yceii iii?iiai eiiia?aoeaa c
iioe?thth/ith eiai i?ae?yaeiith /anoeiith oa neeueiei eiiia?aoeaiei
ea?oaaiiyi ia ??ai? i?ene?aiiai ca’yceo o neiainiieo/aii?, ne?ae
caaaeeoe ia oa, ui oaea aiaeia?y ia iioe?th?oueny ia oa?aeoa? noinoie?a
i?ae /anoeiaie neeaaeiiai ooai?aiiy. I?eeiiia?aoeaii-ii??aiyeuei?
a?aeiioaiiy o aeine?aeaeoaaieo ?a/aiiyo aeyaeythoue aeecuee?noue aei
i?ioenoaaii-c?noaaethaaeueieo, ye? cacae/ae aeieeathoue i?ae /anoeiaie
neeaaeiiai neioaene/iiai oe?eiai, ui ii?aeiothoueny ca aeiiiiiaith
no?yaeieo niieo/iee?a a (ia): Eaaoa a?eio ii/aoe, ai?ae ne?i/eoe…
(A.Oaa/oe). Oae? eiino?oeoe?? iicia/athoue ia i?inoi ii??aiyiiy, a
oaeiae ? oa, ui Eaaoa a?eio ii/aoe, a ia ne?i/eoe.

Oaiaeaioe?y aei iine?aeiaiiai iinoiiceoe?eiiai ?icoaooaaiiy i?ae?yaeiiai
eiiiiiaioa o eiino?oeoe?yo c i?ae?yaeieie i?eeiiia?aoeaieie ca
ioi?ieaiiy ca’yceo i?ae i?aaeeeaoeaieie /anoeiaie no?yaeiei niieo/ieeii
iiaea ii?oooaaoeny: ? ia uaieeaee eine?o aecioeee, ia aaiaeueia aaaeaiiy
iieiaei? ae?iee, a uinue cia/ii neeuei?oa, iaiia oeyoi/eith, oeieiei ??
aeeaiei a a?oaeyo (?.Ea).

Oaeei /eiii, eiiieaeniee aiae?c neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieo ?a/aiue c
i?ae?yaeieie i?eeiiia?aoeaieie aeyaea iaiaeii??aei?noue ii??aiyeueieo
eiino?oeoe?e c? niieo/ieeii i?ae. C-iii?ae aeine?aeaeoaaieo iiaeaii?aeo
?aae?caoe?e ii??aiyiiy ?iciiae?aithaaeueiiai oeio yaea?io ? iaea?eueo
/eneaiii i?aaenoaaeaio a?oio oi?iothoue eiino?oeoe?? c? cia/aiiyi
ii??aiyiiy ca nooiaiai aeyao ye?nii?, e?euee?nii? oa /aniai? iciaee.
Noa’?eoeaii-ioe?iia naiaioeea, yeith iaae?eai? ii??aiyeuei? ?a/aiiy c?
cia/aiiyi ia?aaaae, ??aiineeueii ye ? a?aeiia?aeia naiaioe/ia
caaa?aeaiiy ii??aiyeueieo eiino?oeoe?e c? cia/aiiyi cai?uaiiy,
ae??ciythoue icia/ai? ??ciiaeaee neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieo ?a/aiue c
i?ae?yaeieie i?eeiiia?aoeaieie c-iii?ae aeania ii??aiyeueieo
eiino?oeoe?e.

O aeniiaeao ia iniia? aeine?aeaeaiiai iaoa??aeo c?iaeaii ?yae
ocaaaeueiaiue. Iaeaieiai?o? c ieo:

1. Ia oi?iaeueii-neioaene/iiio ??ai? neeaaeiii?ae?yaei? ?a/aiiy c
i?ae?yaeieie i?eeiiia?aoeaieie /anoeiaie aecia/athoueny oaeeie
aeania-neioaene/ieie iciaeaie, ye i?ene?aiee i?ae?yaeiee ca’ycie i?ae
i?aaeeeaoeaieie /anoeiaie oa eiiia?aoeaiee niieo/iee i?ae, (ye o
cia/aii? i?ae) ye can?a ae?aaeaiiy oeueiai ca’yceo.

2. Niieo/ieee i?ae, ye — oi?iaeuei? ae?acieee i?eeiiia?aoeaiiai ca’yceo
— aenooiathoue oa?aeoa?iith naiaioeei-neioaene/iith iciaeith neeaaeieo
ii??aiyeueieo eiino?oeoe?e, naiaioe/ii ?ioa?i?aooth/e ?o ye eiiia?aoeai?
c e?euee?nii oa?aeoa?ecoth/eie i?ae?yaeieie /anoeiaie.

3. Naiaioeei-neioaene/ia oa aeania-neioaene/ia iciaee oi?iothoue
naiaioeeo no?oeoo?ii? noaie neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieo ?a/aiue c i?ae?yaeieie
i?eeiiia?aoeaieie, aiane?aeie /iai aeoai?th?oueny neioaene/ia ?o
naaiioeea — ii??aiyiiy ?iciiae?aithaaeueiiai oeio.

4. Aaciaei eiiiiiaioii, ui aeoai?th? noaiio naiaioeeo ii??aiyeueieo
?a/aiue ?iciiae?aithaaeueiiai oeio ? iii?iee aeaiaio — eiiia?aoea,
i?aaia?/iith aaeaioi?noth yeiai i?iaiico?oueny iayai?noue i?ae?yaeiiai
i?aaeeeaoeaiiai iioe?thaa/a.

5. Ooieoe?iiaeueiee oei ia?aaeaa/oaaiiai naaiaioa coiiaeth?oueny
aeno?ae?iaa?noe/ieie /eiieeaie, ui aeyaeythoueny /a?ac caaaeaiiy
eiioi?eaoe??.

6. Ia ??ai? ci?noiai? i?aai?caoe?? ii??aiyeuei? ?a/aiiy
?iciiae?aithaaeueiiai oeio iinoathoue ye neeaaei? naiaioe/i? no?oeoo?e,
ui ae?aaeathoue iie?i?iiiceoeaiee ci?no. A?i aeyaey?oueny /a?ac
c?noaaeaiiy aeaio ??aiii?aaieo neooaoeaieo i?iiiceoe?e, aeiiiaithth/enue
eia?/iith i?iiiceoe??th c i?aaeeeaoii yeino?-a?aeiioaiiy — eiiia?aoeaii.

7. Caaaeueiee ci?no neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieo ?a/aiue c i?ae?yaeieie
i?eeiiia?aoeaieie, eaae?o?eiaaiee ye ii??aiyiiy ?iciiae?aithaaeueiiai
oeio, eiie?aoeco?oueny eaeneei-naiaioe/iei iaiiaiaiiyi i?aaeeeaoeaieo
/anoei.

8. Naiaioeea eiiia?aoeaa — iii?iiai aeaiaioa aieiaii? /anoeie — aecia/a?
a?aeiioaiiy i?ae i?aaeeeaoeaieie iaeeieoeyie neeaaeiiai neioaene/iiai
oe?eiai. A?aooaaiiy eaene/ii? iaiaaeaiino? / iaiaiaaeaiino? neeaaeo
iii?ieo eiiia?aoea?a, ?o eiioaeooaaiiy c ii??aiyeueieie niieo/ieeaie
?iciiae?aithaaeueiiai oeio, oa?aeoa?o iiaeaeueiiai ieaio ni?ey?
ae??ciaiith naiaioeei-no?oeoo?ieo ??ciiaeae?a iie?i?aaeeeaoeaieo
eiino?oeoe?e c i?ae?yaeieie i?eeiiia?aoeaieie.

9. Iaia’yceia?noue / oaeoeueoaoeai?noue aenie?oeeoiiai ae?aaeaiiy
eiiia?aoeaieo oi?i — aecia/aeueiee /eiiee aeeoa?aioe?aoe??
aeine?aeaeoaaieo eiino?oeoe?e c iine?aeiaiith eaae?o?eaoe??th ?o ye
neioaene/ieo ooai?aiue ia?ic/eaiiaaiiai oa ?ic/eaiiaaiiai oei?a.

10. Aiaeia?y ca’yceo i?ae /anoeiaie neeaaeiii?ae?yaeiiai ?a/aiiy c
aeania ii??aiyeueiei cia/aiiyi ?iciiae?aithaaeueiiai oeio aei neeueiiai
eiiia?aoeaiiai ea?oaaiiy ia ??ai? i?ene?aieo ca’yce?a o neiainiieo/aii?
aeyaey?oueny ? o noanoaioeaiiio oa?aeoa?? eia?/ii iiaiiai ia’?eoa
ii??aiyiiy.

11. Naiaioeei-neioaene/i? a?aeiioaiiy i?ae i?aaeeeaoeaieie eiiiiiaioaie
neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieo ?a/aiue c i?ae?yaeieie i?eeiiia?aoeaieie aeyaeythoue
iiae?ai?noue aei a?aeiioaiue i?ae /anoeiaie ia?aoaene/iiai ii?aeiaiiy
i?aaeeeaoeaieo iaeeieoeue.

12. Neeaaeiii?ae?yaei? ?a/aiiy c i?ae?yaeieie i?eeiiia?aoeaieie —
iniaeeaee oei neeaaeiiai neioaene/iiai oe?eiai, ui noi?oue ia iaae?
neeaaeiino?yaeieo oa neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieo ?a/aiue, aeyaeyth/e oeiia?
iciaee iaio ??ciiaeae?a iie?i?aaeeeaoeaieo neioaene/ieo ooai?aiue.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Ia?aoianueea A.A. I?iaeaia eiiia?aoeaa: caniae ae?aaeaiiy oa
naiaioe/ia iaiiaiaiiy // Ooieoe?iiaeueii-eiioi?eaoeai? aeyae a?aiaoe/ieo
iaeeieoeue: Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue / Oee. A.I. Caai?oei (iaoe. ?aae.) oa ?i.
— E.: ?CII, 1997. — 184 n.

2. Ia?aoianueea A.A. Oa?aeoa? iiaeaeueiiai ieaio o neaeaeiii?ae?yaeieo
?a/aiiyo c? niieo/ieeii i?ae // E?iaa?noe/i? nooae??: Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue.
Aeione 4 / Oee. Aiaoie?e Caai?oei (iaoe. ?aae.) oa ?i. — Aeiiaoeuee:
AeiiAeO, 1998. — 214 n. — N. 60-64.

3. Ia?aoianueea A.A. Iniaeea?ino? ii??aiyeueieo a?aeiioaiue,
ioi?iethaaieo neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieie ?a/aiiyie c i?ae?yaeieie
i?eeiiia?aoeaieie // E?iaa?noe/i? nooae??: Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue. Aeione 4 /
Oee. Aiaoie?e Caai?oei (iaoe. ?aae.) oa ?i. — Aeiiaoeuee: AeiiAeO, 1998.
— 214 n. — N. 65-70.

4. Ia?aoianueea A.A. Neioaene/ia ni?iuaiiy ye ??ciiaeae aea?eaaoe?eiiai
ia?aoai?aiiy i?ae?yaeieo i?eeiiia?aoeaieo no?oeoo? // O?aioe?y oa
Oe?a?ia, iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iee aeina?ae o eiioaeno? ae?aeiao iaoe?iiaeueieo
eoeueoo?: iaoa??aee 5-i? I?aeia?iaeii? Eiioa?aioe?? (19-21 o?aaiy 1998).
— Aei?i?iiao?ianuee: Aeae-ai Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai aea?ae. oi-oo, 1998. —
N.150-153.

Ia?aoianueea A.A. Oeie neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieo ?a/aiue c i?ae?yaeieie
i?eeiiia?aoeaieie. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 10.02.01 — oe?a?inueea iiaa. — Caii??cueeee
aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, Caii??aeaey, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii i?iaeai? anoaiiaeaiiy noaoono
neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieo ?a/aiue c i?ae?yaeieie i?eeiiia?aoeaieie o
neioaene/i?e nenoai? no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
oi?ea?oueny ieoaiue iniaeeainoae oi?iaeueii-neioaene/ii?,
naiaioeei-neioaene/ii? oa aeania-naiaioe/ii? i?aai?caoe?? icia/aieo
eiino?oeoe?e, anoaiiaeaiiy yeeo ni?ey? c’ynoaaiith i?noey
i?eeiiia?aoeaieo eiino?oeoe?e o ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/i?e eaoaai???
eiiia?aoeaiino? oa ae??ciaiith ?o ooieoe?iiaeueieo oei?a. Ia iniia?
eiiieaeniiai aiae?co c?iaeaii aeniiaie i?i iaiaeii??aei?noue
ii??aiyeueieo ?a/aiue ?iciiae?aithaaeueiiai oeio, i?inoaaeaii
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy inoaii?o c ?ioeie oeiaie ii??aiyeueieo eiino?oeoe?e,
c’yniaaii ??ciiaeaee iiaeeeaeo aea?eaaoe?eieo ia?aoai?aiue i?ae?yaeieo
i?eeiiia?aoeaieo no?oeoo?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: eiiia?aoea, iie?i?aaeeeaoeaia eiino?oeoe?y, i?ene?aia
i?aeii?yaeeiaai?noue, ii??aiyiiy ?iciiae?aithaaeueiiai oeio, i?aaeeeao
yeino?-a?aeiioaiiy, iie?i?iiiceoeaiee ci?no.

Ia?aoianeay A.A. Oeiu neiaeiiiiae/eiaiiuo i?aaeeiaeaiee n i?eaeaoi/iuie
i?eeiiia?aoeaiuie. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.02.01 – oe?aeineee ycue. – Caii?iaeneee
ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao, Caii?iaeuea, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia i?iaeaia ii?aaeaeaiey noaoona
neiaeiiiiae/eiaiiuo i?aaeeiaeaiee n i?eaeaoi/iuie i?eeiiia?aoeaiuie a
neioaene/aneie nenoaia nia?aiaiiiai oe?aeineiai ycuea. Enneaaeiaaiea
cao?aaeaaao aii?inu iniaaiiinoae oi?iaeueii-neioaene/aneie,
naiaioeei-neioaene/aneie e nianoaaiii-naiaioe/aneie i?aaiecaoeee
aiaeece?oaiuo eiino?oeoeee, ii?aaeaeaiea eioi?uo niinianoaoao oyniaieth
ianoa i?eeiiia?aoeaiuo eiino?oeoeee e auaeaeaieth eo ooieoeeiiaeueiuo
oeiia. Ia iniiaaiee eiiieaeniiai aiaeeca naeaeai auaiae i
iaiaeii?iaeiinoe n?aaieoaeueiuo i?aaeeiaeaiee aeeooa?aioee?othuaai oeia,
i?ineaaeaii niioiioaiea iineaaeieo n ae?oaeie oeiaie n?aaieoaeueiuo
eiino?oeoeee, ii?aaeaeaii ?aciiaeaeiinoe aiciiaeiuo aea?eaaoeeiiiuo
i?aia?aciaaiee i?eaeaoi/iuo i?eeiiia?aoeaiuo no?oeoo?.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eiiia?aoea, iieei?aaeeeaoeaiay eiino?oeoeey, i?eneiaiia
iiae/eiaiea, n?aaiaiea aeeooa?aioee?othuaai oeia, i?aaeeeao
ea/anoaa-ioiioaiey, iieei?iiiceoeaiia niaea?aeaiea.

Marakhovskaya V. The types of the Complex Sentences with the Subordinate
by-comparative Clauses. – Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate’s degree by speciality 10.02.01 – the Ukrainian
language. – Zaporozhsky state University, 1998.

The work deals with the problem of the definition of the status of the
complex sentences with the subordinate by-comparative clauses on the
syntactical level of the modern Ukrainian language. The author
investigates pecularities of the formal- syntactical,
semantic-syntactical and proper-semantical organizations of the
constructions under analysis, the determination of which helps to find
out the position of the by-comparative constructions in the
semantic-functional category of comparison, and the discrimination of
their functional types. On the basic of the complex analysis we’ve come
to the conclusion about heterogeneity of the comparative sentences of
the differentiating type, have retraced correlation of the latter
mentioned type with the other ones of the comparative constructions,
have ascertained the varieties of the possible derivational
reorganizations of the subordinate by-comparative structures.

Key-words: the comparative, polypredicative construction, by-word
subordination, the comparison of the differentiating type, the predicate
of the quality-correlation, polypropositional semantics.

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