Oe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee o?i?ei-oaoiieia?/iee oi?aa?neoao

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

?eue/aiei Iaoae?y TH???aia

OAeE 666.266.6

Oa?iino?eea neeiea?ai?ea c ?aaeoe?eii coi?iiaaiith no?oeoo?ith

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.17.11 – oaoiieia?y ooaiieaaeeo iaiaoae?/ieo

iaoa??ae?a

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Aei?i?iiao?ianuee – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? o?i?/ii? oaoiieia?? ea?ai?ee oa neea
Oe?a?inueeiai aea?aeaaiiai o?i?ei-oaoiieia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Aieaon A?eoi?
?aaiiae/, Oe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee o?i?ei-oaoiieia?/iee oi?aa?neoao

(i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee), i?ioani? eaoaae?e o?i?/ii? oaoiieia?? ea?ai?ee
oa neea

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Naa?i Eaa
Na?a?eiae/, I?eaei?i?ianueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y aoae?aieoeoaa ?
a?o?oaeoo?e

(i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee), caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith aeieia??

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Ieeei/aoei Eaii?ae Aeieo?iae/,
Aea?aeaaia iaoaeo?a?eia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith

ea?ai?ee oa aiaiao?ea?a

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 23 ” aa?aniy 1999 ?. i 13-30 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 08.078.02 i?e Oe?a?inueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio o?i?ei-oaoiieia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 320005,

i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, i?.Aaaa??ia, 8.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? OAeOOO

i.Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, i?.Aaaa??ia, 8.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 20 ” na?iiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Nooee I.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. ?icoe?aiiy aaeocae canoinoaaiiy ae?ia?a ?c
neeie?enoae?/ieo iaoa??ae?a iino?eii aeiaaa? aeei?enoaiiy iaoa??ae?a c
iie?auaiiei eiiieaenii aeanoeainoae, /anoeiai c i?aeaeuaieie oa?ii– oa
aea?ino?ee?noth. Aeaioiaeaiiy ae?ia?a c neoae?a a nenoai?
Li2O-Al2O3-SiO2 ca o?aaeeoe?eiith oaoiieia??th ? a?aeiinii aei?iaei oa
aia?aii?noeei i?ioeanii. Aieiaiei /eiii oea iia’ycaii c aenieeie
oaiia?aoo?aie aa?ee aeo?aeieo noaeie (~1600°N ) oa iaiiaeeea?noth
aeaioiaeaiiy ae?ia?a neeaaeii? eiio?ao?aoe??. Caeaoaaeaiiy oaoiieia??
aeaioiaeaiiy neeie?enoae?/ieo ae?ia?a neeaaeii? oi?ie iiaeeeai ca
?aooiie aeei?enoaiiy ii?ioeiai? (ea?ai?/ii?) oaoiieia??. Cia/ia
cieaeaiiy oaiia?aoo?e aa?ee noaeie i?e oeueiio iiaeeeai ca ?aooiie
iiaiiai aai /anoeiaiai aeaaaeaiiy ?c ?o neeaaeo ooaiieaaeiai Al2O3, yeee
iio?i a iaiao?aei?e e?eueeino? aaiaeeoueny e?enoae?/ieie ?a/iaeiaie aei
neeaaeo eiiiiceoe?? ia iniia? neea. E?enoaeioaciaee neeaae oaei?
neeiea?ai?ee oi?io?oueny i?e ?? ni?eaii? ca ?aooiie aca?iiae?? i?ae
eiiiiiaioaie neea oa iaiiaithaa/ai, ooai?thth/e oae iacaaio ?aaeoe?eii
coi?iiaaio no?oeoo?o (?CN) iaoa??aeo.

A?aoiaoth/e oea, aeaia ?iaioa ? aeooaeueiith ? ni?yiiaaia ia
aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ?ic?iaeo neeaaeo ? iaoeiaeo canaae oaoiieia??
iaea?aeaiiy neeiea?ai?ee a nenoai? Li2O-Al2O3-SiO2 c ?CN ??ciiai
ooieoe?iiaeueiiai i?ecia/aiiy.

?iaioa aeeiioaaeanue ca i?ei?eoaoiei iai?yieii IAI Oe?a?ie (aeiiiaiaiiy
aei iaeaco AEIO Oe?a?ie ?39 a?ae 05.03.94 ?., oaia 07.03.03 /117-92
,,O?ceei-o?i?/i? iniiae i?iaeooaaiiy neeaae?a oa ?ic?iaea oaoiieia??
iaea?aeaiiy iiaeo ieneaeieo noaeie ? neeiiaoa??ae?a ??ciiai
ooieoe?iiaeueiiai i?ecia/aiiy”; iaeac I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie ?37 a?ae
13.02.97 ?., oaia ,,?icaeoie iaoeiaeo canaae ?ic?iaee neeaae?a iiaeo
noaeie, aiaeae ? iie?eoo?a aeey ae?ia?a iiaooiaiai oa oaoi?/iiai
i?ecia/aiiy ca ii?ioeiai–aeiaethaaeueiith oaoiieia??th”).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoith ?iaioe ? aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?ic?iaea
neeaae?a oa iaoeiaeo iniia oaoiieia?? iaea?aeaiiy
e?o??aiaethiinee?eaoii? neeiea?ai?ee c ?aaeoe?eii coi?iiaaiith
no?oeoo?ith ??ciiai ooieoe?iiaeueiiai i?ecia/aiiy.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe ia?aaeaa/aii ae??oaiiy ianooiieo
caaaeaiue:

— aeeiiaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeey iaa?oioiaaiiai aeai?o o?i?/ieo neeaae?a
neea oa eiiiiceoe?eii? noi?o? ,,aaciaa neei — e?enoae?/iee
iaiiaithaa/”aeey iaea?aeaiiy neeiea?ai?ee c ?CN;

— aecia/eoe caeiiii??iino? ci?ie aeanoeainoae neeiea?ai?ee a?ae
o?i?/iiai neeaaeo neea;

— aecia/eoe caeiiii??iino? aieeao oaiia?aoo?ii–/aniaiai ?aaeeio ni?eaiiy
neeiea?ai?ee ia ?? aeanoeaino?;

— anoaiiaeoe caeaaei?noue aeanoeainoae neeiea?ai?ee a?ae aeenia?niino?
/anoie aaciaiai neea;

— aeeiiaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao e?enoae?caoe?eii? caeaoiino? ii?ioe?a
neea ia aeanoeaino? neeiea?ai?ee;

— anoaiiaeoe aaeoc? iiaeeeaiai canoinoaaiiy neeiea?ai?ee c ?CN.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a:

1. Aenia?eiaioaeueieie oa oai?aoe/ieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii
i?eioeeiiao iiaeeea?noue iaea?aeaiiy ca ii?ioeiaith oaoiieia??th
e?o??aiaethiinee?eaoii? neeiea?ai?ee c ?aaeoe?eii coi?iiaaiith
no?oeoo?ith ia iniia? a?aeiinii eaaeioiieeo noaeie oa e?enoae?/iiai
iaiiaithaa/a, yeee ai?uo? a nai?io neeaae? ieneae aethi?i?th ((-Al2O3,
eaie?i).

2. Anoaiiaeaii iniiai? oaoiieia?/i? ia?aiao?e iaea?aeaiiy oa?iino?eei?
neeiea?ai?ee a nenoai? Li2O-Al2O3-SiO2 (neeaae eiiiiceoe?eii? noi?o?,
neeaae neea, oaiia?aoo?a ? /an ni?eaiiy) oa aca?iica’ycie ??
aeanoeainoae c e?enoaeioaciaei neeaaeii. A?aei?/a?oueny, ui neeiea?ai?ea
c iaeiaioei cia/aiiyi OEE? iiaea aooe io?eiaia ia iniia? eiiiiceoe?eieo
noi?oae, ieneaeiee neeaae yeeo a?aeiia?aea? niiaeoiaio, aae?eioeoo aai
iaoae?oo.

3. Iieacaii, ui aeey iaea?aeaiiy u?eueii? neeiea?ai?ee c ?CN iaiao?aeii
canoiniaoaaoe noaeea, ii?ioee yeeo a?ae??ciythoueny iecueeith
e?enoae?caoe?eiith caeaoi?noth. Aeey cieaeaiiy e?enoae?caoe?eii?
caeaoiino? e?o??ainee?eaoiiai neea aeioe?eueiei ? aaaaeaiiy aei eiai
neeaaeo ieneae?a aa??th, iaai?th oa oeeieo, ye? i?e aca?iiae?? c
iaiiaithaa/ai ni?iiiaei? ooai?thaaoe aethiinee?eaoe c iecueeeie
cia/aiiyie OEE?.

4. Aenia?eiaioaeueii anoaiiaeaii iaae? neeiooai?aiiy a ieneaeieo
nenoaiao Li2O-MgO-BaO-SiO2 oa Li2O-ZnO-BaO-SiO2, a oaeiae
e?enoae?caoe?eio caeaoi?noue noaeie aeacaieo nenoai. Ia iniia? iaea?eueo
no?eeeo aei e?enoae?caoe?? noaeie ?ic?iaeaii neeaaee oa
oaiia?aoo?ii-/aniaee ?aaeei ni?eaiiy neeiea?ai?ee c ?CN, yea
a?ae??ciy?oueny a?aeiinii iecueeeie cia/aiiyie OEE? ((10(20)·10-7
a?aae-1) oa a?aee?eoi? ii?oaaoino? (0(10%).

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?ic?iaeaii ?yae neeaae?a oa
iniiai? oaoiieia?/i? ia?aiao?e iaea?aeaiiy ii?oaaoi? oa u?eueii?
neeiea?ai?ee c ?CN a nenoai? Li2O-Al2O3-SiO2. Ii?oaao? iaoa??aee
?aeiiaiaeiaaii aeey aeei?enoaiiy ye iin?? eaoae?caoi??a, ye?
canoiniaothoueny i?e ieeneaii? ai?aeo aei ieneaeo acioo.

U?euei? neeiea?ai?/i? iaoa??aee i?iiiiothoueny aeey aeaioiaeaiiy
i?aeeeaaeeiie ie?aeiaeo iaa??aa/?a, iieeaieo iie?eoo?a ii
ea?ai?oe? c iecue-

eeie cia/aiiyie OEE?, oa?iino?eeiai eaai?aoi?iiai ? iiaooiaiai iinoaeo
oa ?ioeo ae?ia?a.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aaoi?ii oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii neeaaee
eiiiiceoe?eieo noi?oae oa oiiae io?eiaiiy oa?iino?eei?
e?o??aiaethiinee?eaoii? neeiea?ai?ee c ?aaeoe?eii coi?iiaaiith
no?oeoo?ith [1-4], aeeiiaii aenia?eiaioaeuei? ?iaioe ii neioaco,
aeine?aeaeaiith ?? no?oeoo?e oa aeanoeainoae o aca?iica’yceo c o?i?/iei
neeaaeii [5-7], i?iaaaeaia ia?iaea aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo, aiae?c ?
oeoia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Aeeaae ni?aaaoi??a ni?eueieo ioae?eaoe?e iieyaa? a ocaaaeueiaiiio
iaoeiaiio ea??aieoeoa?, iaaiai?aii? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue oa
aia?aoo?i?e ?aae?caoe?? oiieeo aeine?aeaeaiue no?oeoo?e neioaciaaieo
noaeie ? neeie?enoae?/ieo iaoa??ae?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeenue oa
iaaiai?thaaeenue ia Ana?in?enuee?e ia?aae? “Iaoea e oaoiieiaey
neeeeaoiuo iaoa?eaeia a nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo ?uii/iie yeiiiieee” (i.
Iineaa, 1995 ?.), ia I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe??
”Yia?ai- e ?ano?ninaa?aaathuea oaoiieiaee a i?iecaiaenoaa noaeea” (i.
Einoyioei?aea, 1995 ?), ia III I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie
ei?ic?? oa i?ioeei?ic?eiiai caoenoo eiino?oeoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a” (i.
Euea?a, 1996), ia I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“I?eeeaaeiua enneaaeiaaiey a oaoiieiaee i?iecaiaenoaa noaeea e
noaeeie?enoaeee/aneeo iaoa?eaeia” (i. Einoyioei?aea, 1997 ?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 7 ae?oeiaaieo
?ia?o, o oiio /ene? 3 noaoo?.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, i’youeio
aeaa aieiaiiai oaenoo, aeniiae?a, ia?ae?eo e?oa?aoo?e (108 iaca) oa
aeiaeaoe?a. ?iaioa aeeiiaia ia 172 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, aei
yeiai aoiaeyoue 18 oaaeeoeue oa 47 ?enoie?a.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooii?e /anoei? ?iaioe iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe??,
coi?ioeueiaaia aieiaia iaoa, aecia/aii iaoeiao iiaecio ? i?aeoe/io
oe?ii?noue io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? iiaea?oueny aiae?c noaio ieoaiiy io?eiaiiy ?
canoinoaaiiy neeie?enoae?/ieo iaoa??ae?a c iie?auaieie oaoiieia?/ieie oa
aenieoaoaoe?eieie aeanoeainoyie, /anoeiai c i?aeaeuaiith
oa?iino?ee?noth. Na?aae a?aeiieo neeie?enoae?/ieo iaoa??ae?a iaea?eueo
oa?iino?eeeie ? neoaee, ye? io?eiothoue a nenoai? Li2O-Al2O3-SiO2.

A?aei?/aii, ui neeyia oaoiieia?y, yea aeei?enoiao?oueny o ae?iaieoeoa?
a?eueoino? neoae?a, ia aoaeoeaia i?e aeaioiaeaii? ae?ia?a neeaaeii?
oi?ie, iio?aao? aeniei? oaiia?aoo?e i?e aa?oe? aeo?aeieo noaeie, ia?
iaiaaeai? iiaeeeaino? aeey ?aaoethaaiiy e?enoaeioaciaiai neeaaeo neoae?a
oa ?io? aaaee, ye? oo?oaeiththoue iioei?caoe?th oaoiieia?? neoae?a.

Iaea?aeaiiy neoae?a ca ea?ai?/iith oaoiieia??th, /anoeiai c
aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiaeo ?aaeoe?eiiai oi?ioaaiiy no?oeoo?e, aea?
iiaeeea?noue ?icoe?eoe e?euee?noue neeie?enoae?/ieo iaoa??ae?a,
aeeth/eaoe aei ieo oae?, neeaaee yeeo ciaoiaeyoueny ca iaaeaie iaeanoae
neeiooai?aiiy oa iathoue oaiia?aoo?o e?ea?aeono aeua 1600°N. C ae?oaiai
aieo, oaea oaoiieia?y aeicaiey? iaea?aeoaaoe aenieioaiia?aoo?i?
neeie?enoae?/i? iaoa??aee c aeei?enoaiiyi a?aeiinii eaaeiieaaeeo noaeie,
ui ? aea?aeiei c aia?aaoe/ii? oi/ee ci?o, a oaeiae aea? a?eueoa
iiaeeeainoae ii ?aaoethaaiith e?enoaeioaciaiai neeaaeo neeiea?ai?ee, a
a?aeiia?aeii ? ?? aeanoeainoae.

Ia iniia? coi?ioeueiaaieo aeniiae?a aecia/aii iaoo ?iaioe oa aieiai?
iai?yiee aeine?aeaeaiue.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? iiaeaii o?ceei–o?i?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee ia’?eoo
aeine?aeaeaiue.

Iniiaiei ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiue aea?aii eiiiiceoe?eio noi?o
,,e?o?eai?uoth/a neei – e?enoae?/iee iaiiaithaa/”. sse aaciaa
(iiaeaeueia) aeei?enoiaoaaee neei neeaaeo Li2O·2SiO2 (ii neioaco), ye
e?enoae?/iee iaiiaithaa/ – ieneae aethi?i?th, eaie?i oa noi?o eaie?io c
eaa?oeiaei i?neii.

Oa?iiaeeiai?/ieie ?ic?aooieaie anoaiiaeaii eiia??i?noue i?io?eaiiy a
oaiia?aoo?i?i ?ioa?aae? 500-1000iE o?i?/ieo ?aaeoe?e i?ae neeiiiae?aiei
ae?nee?eaoii e?o?th oa ??cieie aethi?i?eai?uoth/eie iaiiaithaa/aie,
iaea?eueo a??ia?aeieie i?iaeoeoaie oeeo ?aaeoe?e ? aae?eioeo oa
niiaeoiai.

Aeeiiaia ioe?iea oaiia?aoo? e?ea?aeono ca ??aiyiiyi
O?aaea?a-Ea-Oaoaeue? aeey a?ia?ieo nenoai Li2O·2SiO2 – Li2O·Al2O3·2SiO2
oa Li2O·2SiO2 – Li2O·Al2O3·4SiO2 iieacaea, ui oaiia?aoo?a aaoaeoeee a
iaio nenoaiao aei??aith? ~990iN. Oea aea? i?aenoaao i?eionoeoe, ui
oaiia?aoo?a ni?eaiiy neeiea?ai?ee iiaeiia aooe aeecueeith aei aeacaiiai
cia/aiiy.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? iienai? iaoiaeeee i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue, ye?
aeei?enoiaothoueny o ?iaio?.

Aeanoeaino? noaeie ? neeie?enoae?/ieo iaoa??ae?a aecia/aee iaoiaeaie,
ye? ? caaaeueii i?eeiyoeie a o?i?/i?e oaoiieia?? neea oa neoae?a. Aeey
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioean?a, ye? ia?aa?aathoue i?e ni?eaii? eiiiiceoe?eieo
noi?oae, a oaeiae aeey aecia/aiiy oaciaiai neeaaeo neeiea?ai?ee
aeei?enoiaoaaee aeeoa?aioe?eii–oa?i?/iee aiae?c (aea?eaaoia?ao Q
–1500D), ?aioaaiioaciaee aiae?c (Ae?II – 3) oa ?io?a/a?aiiee
niaeo?aeueiee aiae?c (,,Specord – 75IR”).

Ia?iaeo aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo aeeiioaaee ia AII c aeei?enoaiiyi
iaoiae?a iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? “Aenia?eiaioaeueia /anoeia” c iaoith anoaiiaeaiiy
aieeao neeaaeo eiiiiceoe?eii? noi?o? ia aeanoeaino? neeiea?ai?ee
aeine?aeaeoaaeenue neeaaee, ye? ia oacia?e ae?aa?ai? Li2O-Al2O3-SiO2
eaaeaoue ia e?i?yo, ui niieo/athoue oi/eo neeaaeo ae?nee?eaoo e?o?th
a?aeiia?aeii c oi/eaie aae?eioeoo, niiaeoiaio ? iaoae?oo. Neeaaee
eiiiiceoe?eieo noi?oae oa aeanoeaino? neeie?enoae?/ieo iaoa??ae?a
iiaeaii a oaaeeoe?.

Aiae?c aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo iieacaa, ui neeaaee eiiiiceoe?e 3e, 8e
? 12e, ye? caaacia/othoue iaea?aeaiiy neeiea?ai?ee c iaeiaioei cia/aiiyi
OEE?, ciaoiaeyoueny iiaeeco noao?iiao?e/ieo ni?aa?aeiioaiue, ye?
a?aeiia?aeathoue aae?eioeoo, niiaeoiaio aai iaoae?oo. Oea aea? i?aenoaao
noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui i?e ni?eaii? neeiea?ai?ee a?aeaoaa?oueny o?i?/ia
aca?iiae?y i?ae neeii oa iaiiaithaa/ai, yea ia?aaeaa/aeanue
oa?iiaeeiai?/ieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie ? yea noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ooai?aiiyi
iaeneiaeueii iiaeeeai? e?eueeino? aethiinee?eao?a e?o?th ca oaeeie
?aaeoe?yie:

Li2O·2SiO2(ne.) + Al2O3 ( Li2O·Al2O3·2SiO2

Li2O·2SiO2(ne.) + Al2O3·2SiO2·2H2O ( Li2O·Al2O3·4SiO2 + 2H2O

Li2O·2SiO2(ne.) + Al2O3·2SiO2·2H2O + 4SiO2 ( Li2O·Al2O3·8SiO2 + 2H2O

Iai?yiei i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi i?io?eaiiy oeeo ?aaeoe?e ? oa, ui ia
oa?iia?aiao eiiiiceoe?eieo noi?oae i?aeoe/ii cieea? aiaeiaoaeo i?e
oaiia?aoo?? ~990iN, yeee iia’ycaiee c ?icieaaeaiiyi e?enoae?/iiai
ae?nee?eaoo e?o?th. Oa?iia?aie aeo?aeiiai neea, eaie?io oa ?o noi?o?,
ieneaeiee neeaae yei? a?aeiia?aea? niiaeoiaio (neeaae 8e), iieacai? ia
?en.1.

?aioaaiioaciaee aiae?c neeiea?ai?ee, iaea?aeaii? ia iniia?
eiiiiceoe?eieo noi?oae 3e, 8e oa 12e i?e oaiia?aoo?? 1050iN oa
o?eaaeino? ni?eaiiy 1aiae., iieacaa ui ?? e?enoaeioaciaee neeaae
i?aaenoaaeaiee e?enoae?/ieie aethiinee?eaoaie e?o?th (?en.2).

Oaeei /eiii, o?i?/iee neeaae neeiea?ai?ee iiaeiai aooe aeecueeei aei
noao?iiao?e/iiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ieneae?a a i?iaiiciaaieo e?enoae?/ieo
oacao.

C iaoith anoaiiaeaiiy caeaaeiino? aeanoeainoae neeiea?ai?ee a?ae
oaiia?aoo?e ni?eaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaeenue c?acee, ye? iaea?aeoaaee
ni?eaiiyi

Oaaeeoey

Neeaaee eiiiiceoe?e oa aeanoeaino? neeiea?ai?ee, io?eiaii? ia ?o
iniia?

? Ai?no eiiiiiaio?a o noi?o?, % Oaiia?a- O?i?/iee neeaae Ni?aa?aeii-
Aeanoeaino?

no- Li2O·2SiO2 (-Al2O3 Eai- Ea. oo?a ni?- eiiiiceoe??, ian.% oaiiy
neeiea?ai?ee

i? (neei 1n)

e?i i?nie eaiiy, oC Li2O Al2O3 SiO2 Li2O:Al2O3:SiO2 OEE?, A,% I0,% d,

o?

((, aiae.)

((107, a?aae-1

a/ni3

1e 100 — — — 900 (1)* 20 — 80 1:0,0:2 93,0 22,0 42,0 1,60

2e 80 20 — — 1050 (1) 16 20 64 1:0,4:2 34,2 20,5 39,0 1,75

3e 60 40 — — 1050 (1) 12 40 48 1:1:2 12,1 22,1 38,2 1,65

4e 40 60 — — 1050 (1) 8 60 32 1:2,3:2 18,3 19,8 37,7 1,90

5e 20 80 — — 1050 (1) 4 80 16 1:6:2 28,7 18,7 39,8 2,13

6e 80 — 20 — 1050 (1) 17 8 75 1:0,14:2,3 31,4 6,3 16,1 2,60

7e 60 — 40 — 1050 (1) 13 17 70 1:0,4:2,8 14,9 5,7 11,5 2,00

8e 40 — 60 — 1050 (1) 9 26 65 1:0,9:3,7 5,7 14,7 24,4 1,50

9e 20 — 80 — 1050 (1) 5 35 60 1:2,3:6,7 19,0 19,7 38,6 2,00

10e 74,0 — 12,5 13,5 1050 (1) 15 5 80 1:0,1:2,6 56,3 0,0 0,0 2,23

11e 48,5 — 24,4 27,1 1050 (1) 10 10 80 1:3,4:4,0 20,4 0,0 0,0 2,20

12e 23,8 — 36,1 40,1 1050 (1) 5 15 80 1:0,9:8 5,4 16,3 27,6 1,70

* C?acee aeiaethaaee a oi?iao-ii?aaeao c a?ao?oo

?en.1. Aea?eaaoia?aie neea neeaaeo Li2O·2SiO2 (a), eaie?io (a) oa ?o
noi?o?, ieneaeiee neeaae yei? a?aeiia?aea? niiaeoiaio (a).

noi?oae 3e, 8e ? 12e ai?iaeiaae 1 aiaeeie a oaiia?aoo?iiio ?ioa?aae?
900-1200iN c oaaii a 50iN.

Aiae?coth/e iaea?aeai? caeaaeiino?, iiaeia a?aei?oeoe, ui i?aeaeuaiiy
oaiia?aoo?e ni?eaiiy a?ae 900 aei 1050iN i?ecaiaeeoue aei ??ceiai
cieaeaiiy OEE? an?o aeine?aeieo iaoa??ae?a. Iiaeaeueoa i?aeaeuaiiy
oaiia?aoo?e ni?eaiiy aei 1200iN iaei aieeaa? ia oaieiaa ?icoe?aiiy
neeiea?ai?ee neeaaeo 3e ? 8e. Iaaiaee, aeey neeiea?ai?ee, yea
a?aeiia?aea? neeaaeo 12e, oaea i?aeaeuaiiy oaiia?aoo?e ni?eaiiy ni?ey?
?inoo OEE? aei ~23·10-7 a?aae-1. Inoaii? iia’ycaii ?c ca?eueoaiiyi
ai?noo o oaciaiio neeaae? iaoa??aeo eaa?oeo ?, iiaeeeai, e?enoiaae?oo.
E??i oiai, ia aeeeaoiiao?e/ieo e?eaeo ?icoe?aiiy neeiea?ai?ee neeaaeo
12e a?aecia/a?oueny caeii a iaeano? oaiia?aoo? ~575iN, aaee/eia yeiai
i?i?iaeueia aeey iaoa??aeo, nia/aiiai i?e 1050iN.

?aioaaiioaciaee aiae?c neeiea?ai?ee, iaea?aeaii? ia iniia?
eiiiiceoe?eii? noi?o? 8e i?e ??cieo oaiia?aoo?ao ni?eaiiy, iieacaa, ui a
oaiia?aoo?iiio ?ioa?aae? 1000-1050iN a iaoa??ae? iiai?noth cieeathoue
aeo?aei? eiiiiiaioe ? eiai e?enoaeioaciaee neeaae i?aaenoaaeaiee
e?o??aeie aethiinee?eaoaie: (-aae?eioeoii, (-niiaeoiaiii, niieoeith
Li2O·Al2O3·6SiO2. Iiaeaeueoa i?aeaeuaiiy oaiia?aoo?e ni?eaiiy ia ci?ith?
ye?niee e?enoaeioaciaee neeaae neeiea?ai?ee.

Oaeei /eiii, iioeiaeueia oaiia?aoo?a ni?eaiiy eiiiiceoe?eieo noi?oae
on?o neeaae?a ia iniia? neeiiiae?aiiai Li2O·2SiO2 iiaeiia neeaaeaoe
~1050iN.

?en.2. ?aioaaiia?aie neeiea?ai?ee, yea io?eiaia ni?eaiiyi i?e 1050iN
eiiiiceoe?eieo noi?oae 3e (a), 8e (a) ? 12e (a).

Y – (-aae?eioeo, N – (-niiaeoiai, E – niieoea Li2O·Al2O3·6SiO2

Ca?eueoaiiy o?eaaeino? ni?eaiiy neeiea?ai?ee c 1 aei 3 aiaeei
i?eaiaeeoue aei ciaioaiiy OEE? iaoa??ae?a an?o aeine?aeieo neeaae?a, i?e
oeueiio iaea?eueoa ciaioaiiy OEE? a?aei?/a?oueny aeey neeiea?ai?ee
neeaaeo 3e (a?ae 12·10-7 aei –2,3·10-7 a?aae-1). Iaoiaeii ieaioaaiiy
aenia?eiaioo iieacaii, ui oaeoi? /ano ? a?eueo cia/eiee a iaeano?
oaiia?aoo? aei 1000iN (?ic?aoiaaia oaiia?aoo?a iiyae ??aeei? oace ca
??aiyiiyi O?aaea?a-Ea-Oaoaeue? ~990iN). Cieaeaiiy OEE? neeiea?ai?ee a
aenieioaiia?aoo?i?e iaeano? i?ioiaeeoue, nei??oa ca ana, ca ?aooiie
e?euee?niiai ia?a?iciiae?eo oac o iaoa??ae? a noi?iio ca?eueoaiiy
e?eueeino? aae?eioeoo, yeee ia? aeoaea iecueeee OEE?. Oeae oaeo aeia?a
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ?acoeueoaoaie ?aioaaiioaciaiai aiae?co.

Oaeei /eiii, ca?eueoaiiy /ano ni?eaiiy aeua 1 aiae. iaaeioe?eueii,
ine?eueee aeinoaoiuei iecuee? cia/aiiy OEE? neeiea?ai?ee aeinyaathoueny
i?e o?eaaeino? ni?eaiiy 1 aiae.

I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui ?ici?? /anoie neeiiiae?aiiai
Li2O·2SiO2 a cia/i?e i??? aieeaa? ia i?ioeane ni?eaiiy neeiea?ai?ee oa
?? aeanoeaino?. Anoaiiaeaii, ui iaea?eueo i?eeiyoiee ?ici?? /anoie neea,
ui aeicaiey? io?eioaaoe neeiea?ai?eo c naiei iecueeei oaieiaei
?icoe?aiiyi i?e o?eaaeino? ni?eaiiy 1aiae, ? 50-60 iei (a?aea?? o?aeoe?e
neeiii?ioeo cae?enithaaee iaoiaeii naaeeiaioaoe??). Ciaioaiiy ?ici???a
/anoie neea aei 5-10 iei i?eaiaeeoue aei cia/iiai i?aeaeuaiiy eiai
e?enoae?caoe?eii? caeaoiino?. Aeciaoaeo, yeee niinoa??aa?oueny ia e?eaeo
AeOA ? iia’ycaiee c e?enoae?caoe??th Li2O·2SiO2, ci?uo?oueny a iaeanoue
a?eueo iecueeeo oaiia?aoo? (560-570iN). Canoinoaaiiy a?eueo a?oaeo
/anoie neea ciaioo? ieiuo eiioaeoo i?ae aca?iiae?th/eie eiiiiiaioaie.
Oeae oaeo i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny oei, ui OEE? iaoa??ae?a, io?eiaieo ia
iniia? eiiiiceoe?e, aeeth/ath/eo ii?ioee neea ??cieo o?aeoe?e, i?e
o?eaaeino? ni?eaiiy 3 aiaeeie i?eaeecii iaeiaeiaee (5,5·10-7 a?aae-1).
Aeey eaie?iai?uoth/eo eiiiiceoe?eieo noi?oae, neeaaeaieo ia iniia?
ii?ioe?a neea iioeiaeueiiai a?aioeiiao?e/iiai neeaaeo, ao?aoe iane ia
e?ea?e TG o?enothoueny i?e oaiia?aoo?? ~390iN. Aeciaoaeo, yeee
a?aeiia?aea? e?enoae?caoe?? neea c ?ici??ii /anoie 50-60 iei,
ciaoiaeeoueny a iaeano? ~590-600iN.

Io?eiai? neeie?enoae?/i? iaoa??aee caaaeyee iecueeiio oaieiaiio
?icoe?aiith oa aaeeei? ii?oaaoino? iathoue aeoaea aenieo oa?iino?ee?noue
(ia iaioa 1000iN).

Aiae?c iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieacaa, ui i?ye? ci?ie ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
eiiiiiaio?a eiiiiceoe?eii? noi?o? oa ?? a?aioeiiao?e/iiai neeaaeo, a
oaeiae ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e ? /ano ni?eaiiy ia aeathoue iiaeeeaino?
iaea?aeaoe neeiea?ai?eo c ii?oaao?noth ieae/a 25%. Oaeo ii?oaao?noue
iaoiiaeth? aeinoaoiuei aeniea e?enoae?caoe?eia caeaoi?noue aaciaiai
neea.

C iaoith cieaeaiiy e?enoae?caoe?eii? caeaoiino? neeiiiae?aiiai
ae?nee?eaoo e?o?th a eiai neeaae? cai?iyee /anoeio Li2O ia MgO, BaO ?
ZnO, ye? iiaeooue ooai?thaaoe a?aeiia?aei? aethiinee?eaoe c iecueeeie
cia/aiiyie OEE? (ei?ae???eo, (-oeaeuec?ai, Zn-iaoae?o).

A ?iaio? aeine?aeaeaii oiiae neeiooai?aiiy oa e?enoae?caoe?eia
caeaoi?noue noaeie a nenoai? Li2O-MgO-BaO-SiO2 c ai?noii Li2O 10,15 ? 20
iie.%. Ia iniia? iaea?eueo no?eeiai aei e?enoae?caoe?? neea 26n (iie.%:
Li2O-22,6; MgO-6,4; BaO-6,4; SiO2-64,6) aoea iaea?aeaia neeiea?ai?ea,
yea ia? ii?yae c iecueeeie cia/aiiyie OEE? (~10·10-7 a?aae-1) oa
a?aee?eoi? ii?oaaoino? (6(10 %) oaeiae caaeia?euei? aeaeo?i?cieyoe?ei?
aeanoeaino?. Ieoiiee ia’?iiee ii?? oaeeo iaoa??ae?a i?e oaiia?aoo??
300iN neeaaea? 1,8·107 Ii·ni, Oe-100 ia iaioa 220iN. ?o e?enoaeioaciaee
neeaae i?aaenoaaeaiee ia?aaaaeii (-niiaeoiaiii oa niieoeith
Li2O·Al2O3·6SiO2. Io?eiai? iaoa??aee aiane?aeie iecueei? ii?oaaoino?
iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? ye i?aeeeaaeeiee iiooaeieo ie?aeiaeo
aeaeo?iiaa??aa/?a (IAI).

A ?iaio? aea/ai? oiiae neeiooai?aiiy oa e?enoae?caoe?eia caeaoi?noue
noaeie a nenoai? Li2O-ZnO-BaO-SiO2 c ai?noii Li2O 10, 15 ? 20 iie.%. Ia
iniia? iaea?eueo no?eeeo aei e?enoae?caoe?? oa iiaeeo?eiaaieo MnO ? K2O
noaeie aeacaii? nenoaie 48n (ian.%: Li2O-11,8; ZnO-5,7; BaO-5,4;
MnO-1,9; K2O-2,5; SiO2-72,6) oa 49n (ian.%: Li2O-10,0; ZnO-21,6;
BaO-5,1; MnO-1,8; K2O-2,4; SiO2-59,1) aoee aeaioiaeai? eiiiiceoe?ei?
noi?o? “neei -iaiiaithaa/ (eaie?i, eaa?oeiaee i?nie, ei?oiae)”.

Neeiea?ai?ea, iaea?aeaia c oeeo noi?oae ia iniia? neea 48n i?e 1200iN,
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aeecueeith aai ??aiith ioeth a?aee?eoith ii?oaao?noth,
a?aeiinii iaaenieeie cia/aiiyie OEE? — (13(17)·10-7 a?aae-1, a oaeiae
caaeia?eueieie aeaeo?i?cieyoe?eieie aeanoeainoyie (lg (v i?e 300iN
neeaaea? 7,6(8,2 Ii·ni). E?enoaeioaciaee neeaae oaei? neeiea?ai?ee
i?aaenoaaeaiee (-aae?eioeoii oa niieoeith Li2O·Al2O3·6SiO2. Eiiieaen
aenieoaoaoe?eieo aeanoeainoae iaea?aeaieo iaoa??ae?a aeicaiey?
aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?o ye iano/? aeaiaioe IAI aeniei? iiooaeiino?.

Neeiea?ai?ea, iaea?aeaia ia iniia? neea 49n, oa?aeoa?eco?oueny oaeiae
aeecueeeie aai ??aieie ioeth cia/aiiyie a?aee?eoi? ii?oaaoino?. Aiia
?aeiiaiaeo?oueny aeey aeei?enoaiiy ye aeaco?ia iie?eooy ii oa?iino?ee?e
neeiea?ai?oe?. ?? oaieiaa ?icoe?aiiy ~(12(19)·10-7 a?aae-1a?aeiia?aea?
oaieiaiio ?icoe?aiith neeiea?ai?/ii? i?aeeeaaeeiee. C oe??e i?e/eie
aeaco?i? iie?eooy aeaaee?, ia iathoue “oeaeo” oa aieiae?thoue neaaei
neeyiei aeeneii.

O i’yoiio ?icae?e? i?aaenoaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe ai?iaaoe?? a eaai?aoi?ieo
oa i?iieneiaeo oiiaao ii?enoi? ? u?eueii? neeiea?ai?ee c ?ON.

Eiiiiceoe?eiee iaoa??ae 8e aeia?a ca?aeiiaiaeoaaa naaa aeey c’?aeiaiiy
ae?ia?a c eaa?oeiaiai neea.

Ii?oaao? iaoa??aee, ui iaea?aeai? ia iniia? eiiiiceoe?eieo noi?oae,
aeeth/ath/eo, ian.%: neei neeaaeo Li2O·2SiO2·0,33B2O3 – 10-12; eaie?i –
15-17; (-Fe2O3 – 67; Cr2O3 – 6 oa nia/aieo i?e oaiia?aoo?? 850iN
i?ioyaii 1 aiae., aoee aei?iaoaai? a oiiaao Aea?aeaaiiai ?inoeoooo
acioii? i?iieneiaino? ye eaoae?caoi? i?e ieenethaaii? ai?aeo.
E?enoaeioaciaee neeaae oaeiai iaoa??aeo i?aaenoaaeaiee (-Fe2O3 oa
(-niiaeoiaiii. A?aee?eoa ii?oaao?noue eaoae?caoi?a neeaaea? 40-50%,
nooi?iue eiiaa?n?? ai?aeo ia iueiio aeinyaa? 80%.

U?eueia neeiea?ai?ea, yea iaea?aeaia ia iniia? eiiiiceoe?eii? noi?o?, ui
aeeth/a?, ian.%: neei 26n –45; eaie?i – 45; aeeiicai – 5; eaa?oeiaee
i?nie – 5 oa nia/aia i?e oaiia?aoo?? 1200iN i?ioyaii 1 aiae., aoea
aei?iaoaaia ye i?aeeeaaeeiea aeaeo?iiaa??aaeueieo aeaiaio?a aaeeei?
iiooaeiino?. Aeoeaiee aeaiaio ia i?aeaioiaeai?e ?iai/?e iiaa?oi?
i?aeeeaaeeiee oi?ioaaee c ianoe ia iniia? ai?eaeo i?eaeth iaoiaeii
o?aoa?aoiiai ae?oeo c ianooiiei aeiaeii i?e oaiia?aoo?? 870iN. Aeey eiai
aeaeo?i?cieyoe?? aeei?enoiaoaaee aeaco?ia iie?eooy ia iniia?
eiiiiceoe?eii? noi?o?, yea i?noeea, ian.%: neei 49n –67,7; aeeiicai –
19,4; eaa?oeiaee i?nie — 7,0; aeeia ae?oaee?anueea – 5,9, yea
aeiaethaaee i?e 950iN i?ioyaii 1 aiaeeie.

Aeaioiaeai? ieine? aeaeo?iiaa??aaeuei? aeaiaioe aaeeei? iiooaeiino?
i?ieoee aei?iaoaaiiy a oiiaao AAO “Caaiae Eiioeiaio”. Caaaeyee aenie?e
oa?iino?eeino? oae? iaa??aa/? aeo?eiothoue aaaaoi?acia? oaiia?aoo?i?
ia?aiaaee.

AENIIAEE

1. Aiae?c e?oa?aoo?e iieacaa, ui iaea?aeaiiy neoae?a ca ea?ai?/iith
oaoiieia??th, /anoeiai c aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiaeo ?aaeoe?eiiai oi?ioaaiiy
no?oeoo?e, aea? iiaeeea?noue ?icoe?eoe e?euee?noue neeaae?a
neeie?enoae?/ieo iaoa??ae?a, aeeth/eaoe aei ieo oae?, neeaaee yeeo
ciaoiaeyoueny ca iaaeaie iaeanoae neeiooai?aiiy oa iathoue oaiia?aoo?o
e?ea?aeono aeua 1600°N. Oaea oaoiieia?y aeicaiey? iaea?aeoaaoe
aenieioaiia?aoo?i? neeie?enoae?/i? iaoa??aee c aeei?enoaiiyi a?aeiinii
eaaeiieaaeeo noaeie, ui ? aea?aeiei c aia?aaoe/ii? oi/ee ci?o, a oaeiae
aea? a?eueoa iiaeeeainoae ii ?aaoethaaiith e?enoaeioaciaiai neeaaeo
neeiea?ai?ee, a a?aeiia?aeii ? ?? aeanoeainoae.

2. Aenia?eiaioaeueieie oa oai?aoe/ieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii
i?eioeeiiao iiaeeea?noue iaea?aeaiiy ca ii?ioeiaith oaoiieia??th
e?o??aiaethiinee?eaoii? neeiea?ai?ee c ?aaeoe?eii coi?iiaaiith
no?oeoo?ith ia iniia? e?o??ainee?eaoiiai neea oa e?enoae?/iiai
iaiiaithaa/a, yeee ai?uo? a nai?io neeaae? ieneae aethi?i?th ((-Al2O3
aai eaie?i).

3. Oa?iiaeeiai?/ieie oa ?aioaaiioaciaeie aeine?aeaeaiiyie iieacaii, ui
i?e ni?eaii? aeine?aeii? neeiea?ai?ee a?aeaoaa?oueny o?i?/ia aca?iiae?y
i?ae eiiiiiaioaie neea oa e?enoae?/iei iaiiaithaa/ai c ooai?aiiyi
niiaeoiaio, aae?eioeoo oa niieoee Li2O·Al2O3·6SiO2. Aeacai? o?i?/i?
niieoee caaacia/othoue iecuee? cia/aiiy OEE? oa a?aeiia?aeii aenieo
oa?iino?ee?noue aeine?aeii? neeiea?ai?ee.

4. Aenia?eiaioaeueii anoaiiaeaii iniiai? oaoiieia?/i? ia?aiao?e
iaea?aeaiiy oa?iino?eei? neeiea?ai?ee a nenoai? Li2O-Al2O3-SiO2.
Neeiea?ai?ea c iaeiaioeie cia/aiiyie OEE? iiaea aooe io?eiaia ia iniia?
eiiiiceoe?eieo noi?oae, ieneaeiee neeaae yeeo a?aeiia?aea? niiaeoiaio,
aae?eioeoo aai iaoae?oo.

Ni?eaiiy neeiea?ai?ee ia iniia? iiaeaeueiiai neea Li2O·2SiO2 iiaeiii
i?iaiaeeoenue i?e oaiia?aoo?? ia ieae/a i?ae 1000iN ? i?ioyaii ia iaioa
1 aiaeeie.

Iioeiaeueia aeenia?ni?noue neeiii?ioeo, yeee aoiaeeoue aei neeaaeo
eiiiiceoe?eii? noi?o?, iiaeiia aooe 50-60 iei.

Canoinoaaiiy o neeaae? ?ic?iaeaieo eiiiiceoe?eieo noi?oae eaie?io
aeicaiey? cae?enithaaoe oi?ioaaiiy ae?ia?a iaoiaeaie oe?ea?iiai eeooy,
ieanoe/iiai oi?ioaaiiy oa iai?anooiai i?anoaaiiy.

5. Aeine?aeaeaiiyie aeanoeainoae neeiea?ai?ee ia iniia? iiaeaeueiiai
neea Li2O·2SiO2 anoaiiaeaii, ui aiia oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ii?oaao?noth
25-40%. Oaea ?? ii?oaao?noue iaoiiaeaia aenieith e?enoae?caoe?eiith
caeaoi?noth ii?ioe?a neea aeacaiiai neeaaeo.

6. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeey iaea?aeaiiy u?eueii? neeiea?ai?ee c ?CN
iaiao?aeii canoiniaoaaoe noaeea, ii?ioee yeeo a?ae??ciythoueny iecueeith
e?enoae?caoe?eiith caeaoi?noth. Aeey cieaeaiiy e?enoae?caoe?eii?
caeaoiino? e?o??ainee?eaoiiai neea ? aeioe?eueiei aaaaeaiiy aei eiai
neeaaeo ieneae?a iaai?th, aa??th oa oeeieo, ye? i?e aca?iiae?? c
iaiiaithaa/ai caeaoi? ooai?thaaoe aethiinee?eaoe c iecueeeie cia/aiiyie
OEE?.

7. Aenia?eiaioaeueii anoaiiaeaii iaae? neeiooai?aiiy a ieneaeieo
nenoaiao Li2O-MgO-BaO-SiO2 oa Li2O-ZnO-BaO-SiO2, a oaeiae
e?enoae?caoe?eio caeaoi?noue noaeie aeacaieo nenoai. Ia iniia? iaea?eueo
no?eeeo aei e?enoae?caoe?? noaeie ?ic?iaeaii neeaaee oa
oaiia?aoo?ii-/aniaee ?aaeei ni?eaiiy neeiea?ai?ee c ?CN, yea
a?ae??ciy?oueny a?aeiinii iecueeeie cia/aiiyie OEE? ((10(20) 10-7
a?aae-1) oa a?aee?eoi? ii?oaaoino? (0(10 %).

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeai? a oaeeo ?iaioao:

1. Aieaon A.E., Eeue/aiei I.TH., Iinaiei A.A. I oaiia?aoo?iii eioa?aaea
neioaca niiaeoiaiiaie noaeeiea?aieee iaoiaeii ?aaeoeeiiiiai oi?ie?iaaiey
no?oeoo?u // A?niee Aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”.
–1999. — ? 334- N. 89-92.

2. Aieaon A.E., Eeue/aiei I.TH., Iinaiei A.A., AEo?aaeaa A.A.
Noaeeiea?aieea n iaeui eiyooeoeeaioii oaieiaiai ?anoe?aiey // Aii?inu
oeiee e oeie/aneie oaoiieiaee. 1999. — ?4. – N.13-15.

3. Eeue/aiei I.TH., Aieaon A.E., Iinaiei A.A. I e?enoaeeioaciaii
ninoaaa eeoeaaiaethiineeeeaoiie noaeeiea?aieee n ?aaeoeeiiiioi?ie?oaiie
no?oeoo?ie // Aanoiee Oa?ueeianeiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai iieeoaoie/aneiai
oieaa?neoaoa. – Oa?ueeia. – 1999. – Aui. ? 34. — N.61-64.

4. Aaeue ss.E., Aieaon A.E., Iinaiei A.A., Eeue/aiei I.TH., Iaeneiiae/
N.E. Oa?iinoieeay ea?aieea // Oac. aeiee. Ana?inneeneiai niaauaiey
“Iaoea e oaoiieiaey neeeeaoiuo iaoa?eaeia a nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo
?uii/iie yeiiiieee”. – I.: — 1995. – N. 196.

5. Aaeue ss.E., Aieaon A.E., Iinaiei A.A., Eeue/aiei I.TH., Iieyeiaa
A.A. ?aaeoeeiiiinia/aiiay oa?iinoieeay noaeeiea?aieea // O?oaeu
Iaaeaeoia?. iao/i.- oaoi. eiio. “Yia?ai- e ?ano?ninaa?aaathuea
oaoiieiaee a i?iecaiaenoaa noaeea”. – Eiinoaioeiiaea (Oe?aeia). – 1995.
– N.66.

6. Aaeue ss.E., Aieaon A.E., Iinaiei A.A., Eeue/aiei I.TH., Eicu?aaa
O.E., Aaeue A.ss. ?aaeoeeiiiinia/aiiua noaeeiea?aie/aneea iie?uoey e
iaoa?eaeu // III Iaaeaeoia?. eiio.-aunoaaea “I?iaeaie ei?ic?? oa
i?ioeei?ic?eiiai caoenoo eiino?oeoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a” (Ei?ic?y-96).
–Eueaia – 1996. – N. 193-194.

7. Aieaon A.E., Eeue/aiei I.TH., Iinaiei A.A. Oaoiieiae/aneea
iniaaiiinoe iieo/aiey nia/aiiuo oa?iinoieeeo neoaeeia // Iaoa?eaeu
Iaaeaeoia?. iao/i.oaoi. eiio. “I?eeeaaeiua enneaaeiaaiey a oaoiieiaee
i?iecaiaenoaa noaeea e noaeeie?enoaeee/aneeo iaoa?eaeia”. –
Eiinoaioeiiaea (Oe?aeia). – 1997. – N 47-48.

?eue/aiei I.TH. Oa?iino?eea neeiea?ai?ea c ?aaeoe?eii coi?iiaaiith
no?oeoo?ith. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca
niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.17.11 – oaoiieia?y ooaiieaaeeo iaiaoae?/ieo
iaoa??ae?a. Oe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee o?i?ei-oaoiieia?/iee oi?aa?neoao.
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1999.

Caoeua?oueny 7 iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, ui i?noyoue ?acoeueoaoe
aenia?eiaioaeueieo oa oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue noiniaii io?eiaiiy
e?o??aiaethiinee?eaoii? neeiea?ai?ee c ?aaeoe?eii coi?iiaaiith
no?oeoo?ith (?CN).

Aeey eiiiiceoe?eieo noi?oae “neeiiiae?aiee Li2O·2SiO2 –e?enoae?/iee
iaiiaithaa/, ui aeeth/a? Al2O3” aeine?aeaeaii aieea neeaaeo,
aeenia?niino? /anoie neea ? eiai e?enoae?caoe?eii? caeaoiino?, a oaeiae
oaiia?aoo?e oa /ano aeiaethaaiiy ia aeanoeaino? oa?iino?eei?
neeiea?ai?ee.

?ic?iaeaii neeaaee eiiiiceoe?eieo noi?oae, ia aac? yeeo a ?acoeueoao?
ni?eaiiy iiaeeeai iaea?aeaoe ii?oaaoo oa u?eueio e?o??aiaethiinee?eaoio
oa?iino?eeo neeiea?ai?eo c ?aaeoe?eii coi?iiaaiith no?oeoo?ith.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: neeiea?ai?ea, ?aaeoe?eii coi?iiaaia no?oeoo?a,
oa?iino?ee?noue, eiiiiceoe?eia noi?o, oa?iiaeeiai?/iee aiae?c,
aae?eioeo, niiaeoiai, iaoae?o, ii?oaao?noue, oaiia?aoo?iee eiao?oe??io
e?i?eiiai ?icoe?aiiy.

Ilchenko N.Y. Heat-resistant glassceramics with reaction forming
structure. – Manuscript.

The thesis for higher degree of Candidate of Sciences (Engineering) on
speciality 05.17.11 – chemistry and technology of refractory nonmetallic
materials. — Ukrainian State chemical-technology university,
Dnepropetrovsk, 1999.

Seven scientific works with results of physical and chemical
experimental and theoretical studies for receiving of the
lithium-aluminosilicate glassceramics with reaction forming structure
(RFS).

The influence of the composition, the particles dispersion of glass and
its crystallization ability as well as the time and temperature of
sintering on the properties of heat-resistant glassceramics having RFS
have been investigated for the composite mixtures of “glassy lithium
disilicate — crystalline filler, containing Al2O3”.

The compositions of the composite mixtures have been developed for
producing porous and dense lithium-aluminosilicate heat-resistant
glassceramics based on these mixtures as a result of sintering.

Key words: glassceramics, reactive-formed structure, heat resistance,
composite mixture, thermodynamic analysis, porosity, temperature
coefficient of linear expansion.

Eeue/aiei I.TH. Oa?iinoieeay noaeeiea?aieea n ?aaeoeeiiii oi?ie?oaiie
no?oeoo?ie. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.17.11 – oaoiieiaey ooaiieaaeeo iaiaoaeee/aneeo
iaoa?eaeia. – Oe?aeineee ainoaea?noaaiiue oeieei-oaoiieiae/aneee
oieaa?neoao, Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1999.

Caueuaaony 7 iao/iuo ?aaio, niaea?aeaueo ?acoeueoaou yenia?eiaioaeueiuo
enneaaeiaaiee, iai?aaeaiiuo ia iieo/aiea oa?iinoieeie
eeoeaaiaethiineeeeaoiie noaeeiea?aieee n ?aaeoeeiiii oi?ie?oaiie
no?oeoo?ie (?ON) ia aaca ioiineoaeueii eaaeiieaaeeo noaeie e
e?enoaeee/aneiai iaiieieoaey, niaea?aeauaai a naiai ninoaaa Al2O3.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ?ac?aaioea ninoaaia e iniia oaoiieiaee iieo/aiey
ieioiie e ii?enoie eeoeaaiaethiineeeeaoiie noaeeiea?aieee n ?aaeoeeiiii
oi?ie?oaiie no?oeoo?ie.

A ?aaioa aeey aeinoeaeaiey iinoaaeaiiie oeaee auee auiieiaiu:

— oa?iiaeeiaie/aneea ?an/aou aa?iyoiinoe i?ioaeaiey oeie/aneeo ?aaeoeee
n ia?aciaaieai e?enoaeee/aneeo eeoeaauo aethiineeeeaoia a enneaaeoaiie
eiiiiceoeeiiiie nenoaia “noaeeiia?aciue aeeneeeeao eeoey –
e?enoaeee/aneee iaiieieoaeue”;

— ioeaii/iue ?an/ao oaiia?aoo? eeeaeaeona ii o?aaiaieth
O?aaea?a-Ea-Oaoaeuea a /anoiuo inaaaeiaeia?iuo nenoaiao Li2O·2SiO2 –
Li2O·Al2O3·2SiO2 e Li2O·2SiO2 – Li2O·Al2O3·4SiO2 n oeaeueth
iainiiaaiiiai auai?a oaiia?aoo?u niaeaiey;

— enneaaeiaaiey aeeyiey ninoaaa eiiiiceoeeiiiie niane “noaeeiia?aciue
aeeneeeeao eeoey – e?enoaeee/aneee iaiieieoaeue” ia oneiaey iieo/aiey e
naienoaa noaeeiea?aieee n ?ON;

— enneaaeiaaiey aeeyiey ?acee/iuo oaoiieiae/aneeo oaeoi?ia (oaiia?aoo?u
e a?aiaie niaeaiey, a oaeaea aeenia?niinoe /anoeoe noaeeiia?aciiai
aeeneeeeaoa eeoey) ia naienoaa iieo/aaiuo iaoa?eaeia;

— enneaaeiaaiey aeeyiey e?enoaeeecaoeeiiiie niiniaiinoe ii?ioeia
aaciaiai noaeea ia naienoaa noaeeiea?aieee e iooe aa nieaeaiey;

— ?ac?aaioaiu iniiau oaoiieiaee iieo/aiey ieioiie e ii?enoie
noaeeiea?aieee n ?ON;

— ii?aaeaeaiu iaeanoe aiciiaeiiai eniieueciaaiey iieo/aiiuo iaoa?eaeia.

A ?aaioa eniieueciaai eiiieaen oeceei-oeie/aneeo iaoiaeia enneaaeiaaiey
– ?aioaaiioaciaue aiaeec, EE-niaeo?ineiiey, aea?eaaoia?aoey. I?e
auiieiaiee oa?iiaeeiaie/aneeo ?an/aoia e ia?aaioea yenia?eiaioaeueiuo
aeaiiuo eniieueciaaia au/eneeoaeueiay oaoieea.

Oa?iiaeeiaie/aneeie e yenia?eiaioaeueiuie iaoiaeaie iieacaia
i?eioeeieaeueiay aiciiaeiinoue neioaca noaeeiea?aieee n ?ON. Aeey
eiiiiceoeeiiiuo nianae “noaeeiia?aciue aeeneeeeao eeoey –
e?enoaeee/aneee iaiieieoaeue, niaea?aeauee Al2O3” enneaaeiaaii aeeyiea
ninoaaa, aeenia?niinoe /anoeoe noaeea e oaiia?aoo?ii-a?aiaiiiai ?aaeeia
iaaeeaa ia naienoaa oa?iinoieeie noaeeiea?aieee. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi
aeaaiui oaeoi?ii, ii?aaeaeythuei aiciiaeiinoue iieo/aiey ieioiie
noaeeiea?aieee n ?ON, yaeyaony ieceay e?enoaeeecaoeeiiiay niiniaiinoue
aaciaiai noaeea, aoiaeyuaai a ninoaa eiiiiceoeeiiiie niane.

I?iaaaeaiiua enneaaeiaaiey iicaieeee auyaeoue oneiaey iieo/aiey eae
ii?enoie (ioe?uoay ii?enoinoue aei 40%), oae e ieioiie (ioe?uoay
ii?enoinoue aei 5%) noaeeiea?aieee n OEE? ~(5(20)·10-7 a?aae-1 e
oa?iinoieeinoueth ia ieaea 900iN.

Ii?enoua iaoa?eaeu ai?iae?iaaiu a ea/anoaa iineoaey eaoaeecaoi?a i?e
ieeneaiee aiieaea aei ieneaea acioa e iieacaee iieiaeeoaeueiua
?acoeueoaou. Ieioiay noaeeiea?aieea iiaeao auoue eniieueciaaia a
i?iecaiaenoaa ieineeo yeaeo?iiaa?aaaoaeae aieueoie iiuiinoe, a oaeaea a
ea/anoaa iie?uoee aeey ea?aieee n OEE? (20(30)·10-7 a?aae-1.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: noaeeiea?aieea, ?aaeoeeiiii oi?ie?oaiay no?oeoo?a,
oa?iinoieeinoue, eiiiiceoeeiiiay nianue, oa?iiaeeiaie/aneee aiaeec,
yae?eioeo, niiaeoiai, iaoaeeo, ii?enoinoue, oa?ie/aneee eiyooeoeeaio
eeiaeiiai ?anoe?aiey.

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