EE?ANUeEEE OI?AA?NEOAO ?IAI? OA?ANA OAA*AIEA

OAeE 539.3

E?anithe Iao?i Iao?iae/

OA?III?OAEI? EIIOAEOI? CAAeA*? AeEss AeAIOA?IAEO NENOAI

C IANOAOe?IIA?IEI O?EEOe?EIEI OAIEIOOAI?AIIssI

01.02.04 ( iaoai?ea aeaoi?i?aiiai oaa?aeiai o?ea

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?ceei(iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

Ee?a ( 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? iaoai?ee

Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? A?ee?oeueeee Aeieo?i Aieiaeeie?iae/,

Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea, eaoaae?a
iaoai?ee.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? o?ceei(iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Iiae?eue/oe TH??e Ieeieaeiae/,

?inoeooo iaoai?ee ?i. N.I. Oeiioaiea IAI Oe?a?ie (i. Ee?a),

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo ?aieia??;

aeieoi? o?ceei(iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Ieoaeeaiei Aaneeue Aaneeueiae/,

AEeoiie?nueeee ?iaeaia?ii–oaoiieia?/iee ?inoeooo,

eaoaae?a aeui? iaoaiaoeee.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa

Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?i. ?.?. Ia/ieeiaa,

eaoaae?a iaoiae?a iaoaiaoe/ii? o?ceee.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “16” /a?aiy 1999 ?ieo i 13 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 26.001.21 i?e Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao?
?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ca aae?anith: 252 127 , i. Ee?a, i?iniaeo
Aeooeiaa, 2, ei?ion 7, iaoai?ei-iaoaiaoe/iee oaeoeueoao.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ca aae?anith: 252 033, i. Ee?a,
aoe. Aieiaeeie?nueea, 60.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “14” o?aaiy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Eaie/ O.TH. CAAAEUeIA
OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Caaacia/aiiy aenieoaoaoe?eii? i?oeiino?
ni?aaeioe/ieo o?e, iaae?eiino? ?o ?iaioe o aenieioaeaee?nieo ?
oyaeeiiaaaioaaeaieo aoceao o?ainii?oieo, aei?iaeiuei(aoae?aaeueieo,
i?aeeiiieo oa ao?iaeo iaoei, noaii/iiai ? i?ieaoiiai iaeaaeiaiiy
iiaeeea? eeoa i?e aeinoaoiuei iiai?e ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i ?iciiae?e
iai?oaeaiue o i?noeyo aeioeeo aeaoaeae, oaiia?aoo?i? ? e?iaiaoe/i?
oa?aeoa?enoeee aca?iiae??. Iniaeeai aino?i i?e i?iaeooaaii? oa
?ic?aooieo aoce?a iaoei ? iaoai?ci?a noi?oue ieoaiiy a?aooaaiiy i?ae
aeaiaioaie o?eaic’?aeiaiue noi?iaiaeaeoth/iai oa?oy o?eeoe?eiiai
oaieiooai?aiiy ? ciiooaaiiy. Oae, o?eeoe?eia oaieiooai?aiiy ? iaeiei ?c
/eiiee?a, ye? iineeththoue ni?aoeueiaai?noue aeaoaeae a oiiaao
iaaaioaaeaiiai eiioaeoo, ai aeniea oaiia?aoo?a ni?e/eiy? ca?aeaiiy ia
eieaeueiiio eiioaeo? ?iai/eo iiaa?oiiue o?e, ui o?ooueny.

Ine?eueee o aoceao nooiai oa?oy ciiooaaiiy, oaieiooai?aiiy oa
oa?iii?oaeia aeaoi?ioaaiiy ? neeaaeieie, aca?iica’ycaieie i?ioeanaie, oi
?o aiae?oe/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy ? eiiieaeniith i?iaeaiith, ui neeaaea?oueny
?c naiino?eieo caaea/, aei yeeo, ii?yae c aiae?cii ? aeine?aeaeaiiyi
aeae?eaiiy ? ?icn?thaaiiy oaiea ia o?eeoe?eiiio eiioaeo?, aoiaeyoue
caaea/? eiioaeoii? aca?iiae?? aeaiaio?a ia?e oa?oy.

Iinoaiiaea ? iiaoaeiaa ?ica’yce?a oaeeo caaea/ ? aaaeeeaith oa
aeooaeueiith i?iaeaiith ia no/aniiio aoai? ?icaeoeo iaoai?ee eiioaeoii?
aca?iiae?? ? o?eaieia??, ine?eueee aeicaiey? aecia/eoe ?ici??e oa
?icoaooaaiiy cii oaeoe/iiai eiioaeoo, caeiiii??iino? ?iciiae?eo
eiioaeoiiai oeneo oa iie?a oaiia?aoo?e a o?eao, aea/eoe e?iaiaoeeo ci?ie
aeanoeainoae iaoa??ae?a o?e, ui o?ooueny, oa ae?iaeoe ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
aeey iioeiaeueiiai ?ic?aooieo aoce?a oa?oy ia o?eeoe?eio
oaieino?ee?noue.

Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ?

( iinoaiiaea caaea/ oa?iii?oaeii? eiioaeoii? aca?iiae?? nenoai aeaio
ieineiia?aeaeueieo oa??a ? aeaio eiaen?aeueieo e?oaeeo ii?iaeienoeo
oeee?iae??a, ye? ciaoiaeyoueny i?ae ae??th iaaaioaaeaiiy oa o?eeoe?eiiai
oaieiooai?aiiy, ui ci?ith?oueny c /anii;

( noai?aiiy aiae?oeei(/eneiaeo iaoiaeee iiaoaeiae ?ica’yce?a i?inoi?iai
iaeii( oa aeaiaei??ieo caaea/ oa?iii?oaeiino? c ianoaoe?iia?iei
oaieiooai?aiiyi aeey aeaioa?iaeo o?eainenoai;

( aea/aiiy aieeao caaeaieo oaieio?ce/ieo, iaoai?/ieo oa aaiiao?e/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee o?e, oa?aeoa?o ?iciiae?eo i?eeeaaeaiiai aei o?eainenoai
iaaaioaaeaiiy ia eiioaeoio eiio?ao?aoe?th ? iniiai? ooeai?
oa?aeoa?enoeee.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe noinothoueny eaac?noaoe/ieo
oa?iii?oaeieo caaea/ eiioaeoii? aca?iiae?? aeaio ieineiia?aeaeueieo
oa??a ? aeaio eiaen?aeueieo e?oaeeo ii?iaeienoeo oeee?iae??a i?e ?o
aca?iiiio ianoaoe?iia?iiio iaa??aaii? a?ae oa?oy. Iaoeiaa iiaecia
i?noeoueny o iinoaiiaeao caaea/, o iaoiaeao ?ica’ycoaaiiy, a io?eiaieo
?acoeueoaoao.

O ?iaio?:

( ?ica’ycaii iaeiiaei??i? eiioaeoi? caaea/? oa?iii?oaeiino? aeey
aeaioa?iaeo nenoai o?e, aei yeeo i?eeeaaeaii ia??iaee/ii ci?ithaaia c
/anii iaaaioaaeaiiy ? aeine?aeaeaii aieea eieeaiiai oa?aeoa?o
oaieiooai?aiiy ia eiioaeoiee oene oa iiey oaiia?aoo? ? oaieiaeo iioie?a;

( ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo iiaoaeiae ?ica’yceo i?inoi?iai iaeii- oa
aeaiaei??ieo caaea/ oa?iii?oaeiino? aeey aeaioa?iaeo o?eainenoai c
ianoaoe?iia?iei oaieiooai?aiiyi, ui aeicaiey? ?ica’ycaoe caaea/? i?e
aeia?eueieo caeiiao ci?ie c /anii iaaaioaaeaiiy oa a?aeiinii? oaeaeeino?
?ooo, eiee iiaeia ciaoooaaoe aeeiai?/iei aoaeoii;

( ia iniia? oe??? iaoiaeeee iiaoaeiaaii ?ica’ycee iaeii( oa aeaiaei??ieo
eaac?noaoe/ieo eiioaeoieo caaea/ ? aea/aii iniiai? caeiiii??iino?
?iciiae?eo acaeiaae eii?aeeiaoieo inae oa ci?ie c /anii oaiia?aoo?e,
oaieiaeo iioie?a, oa?iii?oaeieo iai?oaeaiue ? ia?ai?uaiue aeaiaio?a ia?e
oa?oy;

( aea/aii oiiae, ca yeeo iaaaioaaeaiiy, i?eeeaaeaia aei o?eainenoaie,
aeeeeea? a?aenoaaaiiy iaeiiai c aeaiaio?a ia?e oa?oy a?ae iiaa?oi?
?ioiai oa aeine?aeaeaii aieea ia oeae i?ioean oaieiooai?aiiy;

( aeine?aeaeaii eaac?noaoe/io eiioaeoio aca?iiae?th o?e iaocaiaeaeaii?
oi?ie (iaiaaaioaaeaiee eiioaeo ia? i?noea ii iaiaaeai?e iiaa?oi? aai ii
e?i??), yeui aeey iiaoaeiae ?ica’yce?a ci?oaieo caaea/ canoiniaia oai??y
Aa?oea;

( ?ica’ycaii eaac?noaoe/io caaea/o oa?iii?oaeiino? i?i oene aei?noeiai
oaiei?cieueiaaiiai ooaiio ia iiaa?oith oa?o, cauaieaiiai ii iniia?, oa
aeine?aeaeaii aoaeo a?aenoaaaiiy iniiae ooaiio a?ae iiaa?oi? oa?o i?ae
ae??th ianoaoe?iia?iiai oaieiooai?aiiy.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?aieao
aea?aeathaeaeaoii? oaie eaoaae?e iaoai?ee Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea “Aneiioioe/i? oa /eneia? iaoiaee
aeine?aeaeaiiy oa?iii?oaeiiai noaio aoce?a oa?oy” (? aea?aeaaii?
?a?no?aoe?? 0196V023010) oa oaie I?i?noa?noaa Oe?a?ie o ni?aaao iaoee ?
oaoiieia?? “Aeine?aeaeaiiy oa?iii?oaeii? iano?eeino? a ?ooiieo
o?eainenoaiao” (? aeiaiai?o O4/1728-97).

Io?eiai? a aeena?oaoe?? ?acoeueoaoe iiaeooue ciaeoe canoinoaaiiy i?e
?ic?aooieao ?ooiieo c’?aeiaiue a iaoeiao ? iaoai?ciao, cie?aia, aeey
ae?iaeaiiy ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii caiia?aaiith ca?aeaiith ? caaee?o o
o?eeoe?eieo aoceao, a ?ic?iaeai? aiae?oeei(/eneia? iaoiaeeee i?eaeaoi?
aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ioeo caaea/ iaoaiaoe/ii? o?ceee.

Aeinoia??i?noue io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a caaacia/o?oueny: no?ia?noth
iinoaiiaee a?aeiia?aeieo ii/aoeiai(e?aeiaeo caaea/ ianoaoe?iia?ii?
oaieii?ia?aeiino? ? e?aeiaeo caaea/ eaac?noaoe/ii? oa?iii?oaeiino? oa
/?oeei ? iine?aeiaiei canoinoaaiiyi aiae?oe/ieo ? /eneiaeo iaoaiaoe/ieo
iaoiae?a ?o ?ica’ycoaaiiy; ca?aii ?acoeueoao?a aeey aeayeeo /anoeiieo ?
a?aie/ieo aeiaaee?a c a?aeiieie a e?oa?aoo?? ?ica’yceaie; ocaiaeaeaiiyi
i?ae niaith ?acoeueoao?a, io?eiaieo a ie?aieo ?icae?eao ?iaioe;
i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue ?acoeueoaoaie /eneiaeo
aenia?eiaio?a; aeei?enoaiiyi ai?iaiaaieo iaeao?a i?ia?ai.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aaoi? ?iaioe aeeiiaa on? iaoaiaoe/i?
aeeeaaeee, cae?eniea aea?? /eneiaeo noai, noai?ea iaeaoe
ia/enethaaeueieo i?ia?ai oa i?ia?a /eneiaee aiae?c on?o iaaaaeaieo a
aeena?oaoe?? caaea/. Iinoaiiaea caaea/ oa?iii?oaeiino? i?i onoaeai?
eieeaaiiy aeaioa?iaeo o?eainenoai oa eaac?noaoe/ieo caaea/ eiioaeoii?
aca?iiae?? oeee?iae?e/ieo o?e cae?eniaia iaoeiaei ea??aieeii,
i?io. A?ee?oeueeei Ae.A., a iinoaiiaea ? aeine?aeaeaiiy eaac?noaoe/ii?
eiioaeoii? aca?iiae?? oa?oaaoeo o?e i?iaaaeaii aaoi?ii oe?eeii
naiino?eii.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Ie?ai? iieiaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue ca oaiith
aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeenue ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo
i?ioani?nueei(aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea (1994-1998 ?.?.), ia IV i?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? c iaoai?ee iaiaeii??aeieo no?oeoo? (Oa?iii?eue,
1995 ?.), iaoeiai(oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Ciinino?ee?noue oa
iaae?ei?noue iaoei” (Oiaeueieoeueeee, 1997 ?.), i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e
eiioa?aioe?? “No/ani? i?iaeaie iaoai?ee oa iaoaiaoeee” i?enay/ai?e
70-??//th a?ae aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy aeaaeai?ea IAI Oe?a?ie
ss.N. I?aeno?eaa/a (Euea?a, 1998 ?.).

O oe?eiio aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa iaaiai?thaaeanue ia iaoeiaiio nai?ia??
eaoaae?e iaoai?ee Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? ?aaia
O?aiea (1998 ?.), iaoeiaiio nai?ia?? “I?iaeaie iaoai?ee e?eoeiai
?oeioaaiiy” O?ceei(iaoai?/iiai ?inoeoooo ?i. A.A. Ea?iaiea IAI Oe?a?ie
(1998 ?.), iaoeiaiio nai?ia?? eaoaae?e oai?aoe/ii? ? i?eeeaaeii?
iaoai?ee Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (1999 ?.),
iaoeiaiio nai?ia?? eaoaae?e iaoiae?a iaoaiaoe/ii? o?ceee Iaeanueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. ?.?. Ia/ieeiaa (1999 ?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 8 noaoae o
?aoeaiciaaieo iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao ? oace aeaio iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c?
anooio, i’yoe ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (144
iaeiaioaaiiy, ye? aeeeaaeai? ia 13 noi??ieao) oa aeiaeaoeo. Caaaeueiee
ianya noaiiaeoue 296 noi??iie iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, a oiio /ene? 109
?enoie?a. Aeiaeaoie a caaaeueiiio ianyc? caeia? 119 noi??iie, aea,
cie?aia, iiaea?oueny 102 ?enoiee.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooii?e /anoei? iaa?oioiaaii aaaeeea?noue ? aeooaeuei?noue aea?aiiai
iai?yieo aeine?aeaeaiue; i?iaiae?ciaaii no/aniee noai ?ia?o c iaoai?ee
eiioaeoii? aca?iiae?? ?c o?aooaaiiyi oaieiooai?aiiy oa eiioaeoieo caaea/
aeey oa?oaaoeo ? oeee?iae?e/ieo o?e; iiaeaii ei?ioeo oa?aeoa?enoeeo
?iaioe ? noenei aeeeaaeaii iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeiinyoueny ia
caoeno.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeaii o?ce/io ea?oeio eiioaeoii? aca?iiae?? aeaio
ieineiia?aeaeueieo oa??a ? aeaio eiaen?aeueieo e?oaeeo ii?iaeienoeo
oeee?iae??a oa iiaeaii iaoaiaoe/io iinoaiiaeo ? iiaoaeiaaii caieiai?
?ica’ycee a?aeiia?aeieo aeeiai?/ieo eiioaeoieo caaea/ oa?iii?oaeiino?
aeey aeiaaeeo ia??iaee/ii? ci?ie c /anii iaoeneoth/iai iaaaioaaeaiiy.

Ine?eueee aca?iiae?y o?e aeine?aeaeo?oueny o iiiaioe /ano, eiee aieea
ii/aoeiaeo oiia noa? i?aeoe/ii iacia/iei ? ?iciiae?e oaiia?aoo?e a o?eao
aieiaiei /eiii aecia/a?oueny a?aie/ieie oiiaaie, oi ooo ?icaeyaeathoueny
a?aie/i? caaea/? oaieii?ia?aeiino? ? a?aeiia?aei? ?i caaea/?
oa?iii?oaeiino? aac ii/aoeiaeo oiia.

, a oaeiae a?aoiaaii aaao oa??a.

. Ca ?aooiie ae?? nee oa?oy a ieiuei? eiioaeoo oa??a a?aeaoaa?oueny
oaieiooai?aiiy, a i?ae ciai?oi?ie ieiueiaie oa??a ? iaaeieeoi?i
na?aaeiaeuai ioeueiai? oaiia?aoo?e a?aeaoaa?oueny oaieiiai?i ca caeiiii
Iuethoiia. Oaieiaee eiioaeo i?ae o?eaie ia?aeaaeueiee.

, oi caaea/a caiaeeoueny aei ?ioaa?oaaiiy ??aiyiue oaieii?ia?aeiino?

, (1)

oa oa?iii?oaeiino? c o?aooaaiiyi neee aaae

, (2)

i?e a?aie/ieo ? eiioaeoieo oiiaao

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

(7)

aea

(j = 1, 2). (8)

– oaeaee?noue iioe?aiiy iicaeiaaei?o oaeeue. Cia/aiiy j = 1
a?aeiia?aea? ieaeiueiio oa?o, j = 2 – aa?oiueiio.

) iiaa?oiyo yeiai (?en. 2), caaeathoueny ?aae?aeuei? ia?ai?uaiiy

,

aai ?aae?aeuei? iai?oaeaiiy

,

aai ae ia iaei?e a?/i?e iiaa?oi? caaeathoueny ?aae?aeuei? ia?ai?uaiiy, a
ia ?io?e – ?aae?aeuei? iai?oaeaiiy.

a?aeaoaa?oueny oaieiooai?aiiy, oaieiaee eiioaeo o?e ia?aeaaeueiee, a
i?ae ciai?oi?ie iiaa?oiyie oeee?iae??a ? iaaeieeoi?i na?aaeiaeuai
ioeueiai? oaiia?aoo?e a?aeaoaa?oueny oaieiiai?i ca caeiiii Iuethoiia.

, ?, ye iane?aeie, caaea/a iaoaiaoe/ii caiaeeoueny aei ?ioaa?oaaiiy
??aiyiue oaieii?ia?aeiino?

, (9)

oa oa?iii?oaeiino? c o?aooaaiiyi a?aeoeaio?iaeo nee ?ia?oe??

, (10)

i?e a?aie/ieo ? eiioaeoieo oiiaao

, (11)

, (12)

, (13)

, (14)

, (15)

a?aeiia?aea? iaa?oaiith neeaaeiaeo aeaioa?iaiai oeee?iae?a a iaeio
noi?iio, ciae “iethn” – o ??ci?.

 – /anoioe eieeaaiue iaaaioaaeaiue aai ia?ai?uaiue. Cia/aiiy j = 1
a?aeiia?aea? aioo??oiueiio oeee?iae?o, j = 2 – ciai?oiueiio.

E?i?ei?noue aeo?aeieo nenoai aeeoa?aioe?aeueieo ??aiyiue, a?aie/ieo ?
eiioaeoieo oiia aeicaieythoue iiaeaoe ooeai? ?ica’ycee caaea/ o aeaeyae?
noi aeaeo (ye i?eeeaae, iiaea?oueny ae?ac aeey oaiia?aoo?e)

,…

(aeey nenoaie ieineiia?aeaeueieo oa??a) oa

,…

(aeey nenoaie eiaen?aeueieo e?oaeeo ii?iaeienoeo oeee?iae??a), aea ia?o?
aeiaeaiee aecia/athoue ?ica’ycee a?aeiia?aeieo noaoe?iia?ieo caaea/
oaieii?ia?aeiino? ? noaoe/ieo caaea/ oa?iii?oaeiino?, a ae?oa?, ye
?ica’ycee nenoai aeeoa?aioe?aeueieo ??aiyiue oeio Aaeueiaieueoea c
eiiieaeniei eiao?oe??ioii, iiaeathoueny /a?ac eiiieaeni? ooieoe??
ae?eniiai a?aoiaioo.

sse iane?aeie, ?ica’ycee aeo?aeieo caaea/ (1) — (8) ? (9) — (15)
i?aaenoaaeythoueny oae

,…

,…

 – iiaeoe? ? a?aoiaioe (aiie?ooaea ? ii/aoeiaa oaca eieeaaiue)
a?aeiia?aeieo eiiiiiaio.

Aiae?c iaea?aeaieo caieiaieo ?ica’yce?a iieaco?, ui:

eieeaaiiy oaieiooai?aiiy, aeeeeeaia ci?iith eiioaeoiiai oeneo,
aeeeeeathoue eieeaaiiy oaieiaiai iioieo, aiie?ooaea yeeo caoooa? c
a?aeaeaeaiiyi a?ae iiaa?oi? eiioaeoo c? ca?eueoaiiyi /anoioe eieeaaiue
iaaaioaaeaiiy;

c? ca?eueoaiiyi /anoioe ci?ie oaieiooai?aiiy eieeaaiiy oaiia?aoo?e
a?aenoathoue ca oacith a?ae eieeaaiue oaieiaiai iioieo;

oaieiooai?aiiy aeeeeea? cnoa oac i?ae ci?iith iai?oaeaiue ? ia?ai?uaiue,
yeee caoooa? c? ciaioaiiyi /anoioe eieeaaiue iaaaioaaeaiiy;

?icaeyioo? ooo o?eainenoaie iathoue noeoii?noue aeanieo (?aciiainieo)
/anoio iaoai?/ieo eieeaaiue, ia ye? oaieiooai?aiiy ia aieeaa?.

E??i oiai, i?e noaoe?iia?i?e eiioaeoi?e aca?iiae?? aeaio ii?iaeienoeo
oeee?iae??a ?niothoue e?eoe/i? cia/aiiy a?aeiinii? eooiai? oaeaeeino?
iaa?oaiiy, i?e yeeo eiioaeoiee oene noaoe?iia?ii? caaea/? iaiaiaaeaii
c?inoa?.

Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe ocaiaeaeothoueny c aeanoeainoyie ia??iaee/ieo
ooieoe?e oaiia?aoo?e ? oaieiaiai iioieo a onoaeaiiio ?aaeei? ?, ye
iane?aeie, eieeaiee oa?aeoa? o?eeoe?eiiai oaieiooai?aiiy ? i?e/eiith
iioe?aiiy oaieiaeo oaeeue1.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeaii iaeiiaei??i? eiioaeoi?
caaea/? oa?iii?oaeiino? aeey o?eainenoai, ye? ciaoiaeyoueny i?ae ae??th
ianoaoe?iia?iiai o?eeoe?eiiai oaieiooai?aiiy, iaoiiaeaiiai iia?eueiith
ci?iith c /anii iaaaioaaeaiiy oa a?aeiinii? oaeaeeino? ?ooo.

Ine?eueee aeeiai?/ieie aoaeoaie, ye? iiaeooue aeieeiooe i?e ae??
iaaaioaaeaiiy, iaooo?ii, oi iiaaae?iea o?eainenoai aeine?aeaeo?oueny o
eaac?noaoe/i?e iinoaiiaoe?, aea ?icaeyaeathoueny ii/aoeiai-e?aeia?
caaea/? ianoaoe?iia?ii? oaieii?ia?aeiino? oa a?aeiia?aei? e?aeia?
caaea/? eaac?noaoe/ii? oa?iii?oaeiino?.

), i?e ii/aoeia?e

, (16)

, (j=1, 2),

.

, ye? i?iii?oe?ei? oaieiaei iioieai ia iiaa?oi? eiioaeoo, ui aeicaieeei
caanoe iinoaaeaio caaea/o aei nenoaie aeaio ??aiyiue, iaeia c yeeo
ooieoe?iiaeueia

, (17)

a ae?oaa – ?ioaa?aeueia ??aiyiiy oeio Aieueoa??a

(18)

iaoiiaeth?oueny iaioeueiaeie ii/aoeiaeie oiiaaie (16). Oe? ooieoe?? ?
a?aeiieie, ? i?aaenoaaeythoueny ?yaeaie ii aeanieo cia/aiiyo caaea/?
Ooo?ia-E?oa?eey, iiaoaeiaaii? aeey eiaeiiai ?c aca?iiae?th/eo o?e.

Cai?iiiiiaaii /eneiaee aeai?eoi ?ica’yceo oe??? nenoaie, yeee
a?oioo?oueny ia aeei?enoaii? eaaae?aoo?ieo oi?ioe aeey ?ic?aooieo
?ioaa?ae?a aeaeo

ye? iaea?aeaii ia iniia? cai?ie iio?aeii? ?aaoey?eciaaiith ne?i/aiith
??cieoeath, oa ?ioaa?aeo –ne?i/aiith noiith ca eaaae?aoo?iith oi?ioeith
o?aiaoe??. Iaa?oioiaaii ei?aeoi?noue ?ica’yceo caaea/? ca oeei
aeai?eoiii oa iieacaii, ui a?aeiinia iioeaea ia/eneaiue ia ia?aaeuo? 1%
i?e aeai?? ??aiii??iiai ?icaeooy ii /ano c e?ieii 1 n. O /anoeiaeo
aeiaaeeao iaea?aeaii caieiai? ?ica’ycee caaea/?.

?icaeaath/e cai?iiiiiaaiee i?aeo?ae, o i?ae?icae?e? 2.2 c aeei?enoaiiyi
ne?i/aiiai ?ioaa?aeueiiai ia?aoai?aiiy Oaieaey iaea?aeaii nenoaio aeaio
?ioaa?aeueieo ??aiyiue oeio Aieueoa??a caaea/? eiioaeoii? aca?iiae??
aeaio e?eueoeaaeo ieanoei (?en. 3), oaiia?aoo?i? iiey a yeeo
iienothoueny aeeoa?aioe?aeueiei ??aiyiiyi oaieii?ia?aeiino? oiieeo
ieanoei2

. (19)

Oae, ?icaeyaea?oueny o?eainenoaia, ui neeaaea?oueny ?c aeaio e?oaeeo
e?eueoeaaeo ieanoei iino?eii? oiaueie, iniiae yeeo a?euei? a?ae
iaaaioaaeaiiy, a a?/i? iiaa?oi?, ye ? o aeaioa?iaiai oeee?iae?a,
ciaoiaeyoueny i?ae ae??th ?aae?aeueieo ia?ai?uaiue aai iai?oaeaiue, ui
ci?iththoueny c /anii. I?e oeueiio i?eionea?oueny, ui iaiaeii??aeia
ieanoeia i?ae ae??th iaaaioaaeaiiy ia ao?a/a? no?eeino?.

Ine?eueee i?e c?iaeaieo i?eiouaiiyo o iaiaeii??aei?e ieanoei?
?aae?co?oueny iiey?iineiao?e/iee ocaaaeueiaiee ieineee iai?oaeaiee
noai, oi caaea/a iaoaiaoe/ii caiaeeoueny aei ?ioaa?oaaiiy ??aiyiue
oaieii?ia?aeiino? (19) oa oa?iii?oaeiino? c o?aooaaiiyi a?aeoeaio?iaeo
nee ?ia?oe??

, (20)

i?e ii/aoeiaeo

(21)

,

,

a?aie/ieo ? eiioaeoieo oiiaao (11)-(15),

(j = 1, 2),

” a?aeiia?aea? ia?oiio o?eo, ieaei?e – ae?oaiio. Caoaaaeeii, ui
oi?iaeueiith cai?iith c ?ica’yceo caaea/? aeey iaiaeii??aeii? ieanoeie
iiaeia iaea?aeaoe ?ica’ycie caaea/? aeey aeaioa?iaiai oeee?iae?a.

Iieacaii, ui nenoaio ?ioaa?aeueieo ??aiyiue

(22)

(23)

, i?iii?oe?eieo oaieiaei iioieai ia iiaa?oi? aca?iiae??, oaeiae iiaeia
iaea?aeaoe ? ca aeiiiiiaith ?ioaa?aeueiiai ia?aoai?aiiy Eaieana.
?ica’ycie oe??? nenoaie ?ioaa?aeueieo ??aiyiue iaea?aeaii ?c
aeei?enoaiiyi /eneiaiai aeai?eoio, iienaiiai o iiia?aaeiueiio
i?ae?icae?e?.

Iaeiei ?c ocaaaeueiaiue ?icaeyiooeo o ae?oaiio ?icae?e? caaea/ ?
i?eiouaiiy i?i oa, ui iaaaioaaeaiiy, yea iaoenea? o?eainenoaie, e??i
oiai, ui caeaaeeoue a?ae /ano, oaeiae ci?ith?oueny acaeiaae in?, yea ?
ia?iaiaeeeoey?iith aei iai?yieo ?ooo iaei??? ?c neeaaeiaeo o?eainenoaie
ii iiaa?oi? ?ioi?. Aiane?aeie oeueiai ?icaeyioo? caaea/? noathoue
i?inoi?iai aeaiaei??ieie, a ?o ?ica’ycee aoaeothoueny o iaaeao
aeaiaei??ii? caaea/? oa?iii?oaeiino? (aeey nenoaie aeaio
ieineiia?aeaeueieo oa??a) oa oa?iii?oaeii? inaneiao?e/ii? caaea/?.

Iaoaiaoe/ii caaea/a eiioaeoii? aca?iiae?? aeaio ieineiia?aeaeueieo
oa??a (i?ae?icae?e 3.1, ?en. 1) caiaeeoueny aei ?ioaa?oaaiiy ??aiyiue
oaieii?ia?aeiino?

, (24)

oa nenoaie aeeoa?aioe?aeueieo ??aiyiue oa?iii?oaeiino?

(25)

i?e ioeueiaeo ii/aoeiaeo; a?aie/ieo ? eiioaeoieo oiiaao

(26)

(27)

(28)

(29)

(30)

E??i oiai, o eiaeai iiiaio /ano iathoue aeeiioaaoeny oiiae ??aiiaaae
ae?oaiai oa?o

(31)

– ??ai?noue ioeth aieiaiiai aaeoi?o oa aieiaiiai iiiaioo an?o ciai?oi?o
coneeue, i?eeeaaeaieo aei o?ea, a i?e oiia? aeoiaeo o?eainenoaie ia
onoaeaiee ?aaeei – oiiae oaieiaiai aaeaino aeey eiaeii? ?c neeaaeiaeo3

 – eiiiiiaioe oaici?a iai?oaeaiue.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy eiioaeoii? aca?iiae?? nenoaie aeaio ii?iaeienoeo e?oaeeo
oeee?iae??a (i?ae?icae?e 3.2, ?en. 2) cae?enith?oueny ia iniia?
?ica’yce?a nenoaie, ui aeeth/a? aeeoa?aioe?aeuei? ??aiyiiy
oaieii?ia?aeiino?

(33)

??aiiaaae, noi?niino? aeaoi?iaoe?e oa ni?aa?aeiioaiiy caeiio Aoea, i?e
ioeueiaeo ii/aoeiaeo, a?aie/ieo ? eiioaeoieo oiiaao

(34)

(35)

(36)

(37)

(38)

 – ?aae?aeueia ia?ai?uaiiy.

Canoinoaaaoe aei ?icaeyaeoaaieo caaea/ ?ioaa?aeueia ia?aoai?aiiy Oo?’?
ii eii?aeeiao?, acaeiaae yei? ci?ith?oueny iaaaioaaeaiiy (a i?eiouaii?,
ui iiaaae?iea inoaiiueiai ia iane?i/aiiino? oaea, ui aeiionea? oeth
iiaeeea?noue) oa nei?enoaaoenue i?e iiaoaeia? ?ica’yceo caaea/ o
o?ainoi?iaioao cai?iiiiiaaiei o ae?oaiio ?icae?e? i?aeoiaeii, caaaeaii
iinoaaeai? caaea/? aei nenoai ?ioaa?aeueieo ??aiyiue oeio Aieueoa??a
a?aeiinii o?ainoi?iaio Oo?’? a?ae ooieoe?e, i?iii?oe?eieo oaieiaei
iioieai ia iiaa?oi? aca?iiae??

(39)

(40)

? a?aeiieie.

?ica’ycie nenoai ooea?ii ca /eneiaith noaiith ae?oaiai ?icae?eo. I?e
oeueiio a?aeiinia iioeaea ia/eneaiue ia ia?aaeuoaaea 1%. A yeino?
/eneiaiai iaoiaeo iaa?iaiiy aeei?enoiaoaaany iaoiae O?eiia.

Aeey ?icaeyiooeo o ae?oaiio oa o?aoueiio ?icae?eao o?eainenoai
i?iaaaeaii aeaoaeueiee /eneiaee aiae?c aieeao ao?aeieo ia?aiao??a, a
oaeiae oa?aeoa?o oaieiooai?aiiy ia iiaaae?ieo iie?a oaiia?aoo?e,
oaieiaeo iioie?a, oa?iii?oaeieo iai?oaeaiue ? ia?ai?uaiue. Iaeiae,
iniiaiei ?acoeueoaoii oeeo ?icae?e?a ? aeniiaie i?i oa, ui oiiaa
?nioaaiiy noaoe?iia?ieo cia/aiue iaaaioaaeaiiy ? oaeaeeino? ?ooo ia ?
aeinoaoiueith aeey oiai, uia eiioaeoi? iai?oaeaiiy c /anii i?yioaaee aei
iaaiiai cia/aiiy. Aea, yeui aeeiio?oueny oiiaa, ui noaoe?iia?ia cia/aiiy
eooiai? oaeaeeino? iaa?oaiiy ? iaioei ca e?eoe/ia (cia/aiiy oaeaeeino?,
i?e ye?e ia? nain oi?ioea aeey eiioaeoiiai oeneo), oi eiioaeoi?
iai?oaeaiiy iiiioiiii aeoiaeyoue ia a?aeiia?aeia noaoe?iia?ia cia/aiiy,
a oa?aeoa? ?o ci?ie aecia/a?oueny aeai?ii caeaaeiinoae ci?ie c /anii
iaaaioaaeaiiy ? oaeaeeino? ?ooo. E??i oiai, aiae?c aeaiaei??ieo caaea/
aeicaiey? noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui eieae?ciaaia ia iaai?e ae?eyioe?
iaaaioaaeaiiy iiaea aooe i?e/eiith ooai?aiiy cii a?ae?eao, ye? c?
ca?eueoaiiyi ?ioaineaiino? oaieiooai?aiiy c?inoathoue. sse iane?aeie, ia
iiaa?oi? eiioaeoo iiaeaii aeae?eeoe ciie iaaaioaaeaiiai eiioaeoo, ciie
a?ae?eao oa iaiaaaioaaeaiiai eiioaeoo, a iaeiica’yci?noue iaeano?
i?eeeaaeaiiy iaaaioaaeaiiy o aeiaaeeo iaiaeii??aeiiai oeee?iae?a ia
caaacia/o? iaeiica’yci?noue iaeano? iaaaioaaeaiiai eiioaeoo. Oiio, uia
iaea?aeaoe ?aaeueiee ?iciiae?e eiioaeoiiai oeneo iio??aii ?icaeyaeaoe
caaea/? o ci?iai?e (ci?oai?e) iinoaiiaoe?. Aeine?aeaeaiith eiioaeoieo
caaea/ c a?ae?eaii ? i?enay/aii /aoaa?oee ? i’yoee ?icae?ee.

O i?ae?icae?e? 4.1 ?icaeyiooi eaac?noaoe/io eiioaeoio caaea/o i?i
ia?ai?uaiiy aei?noeiai oaiei?cieueiaaiiai ooaiio ii iiaa?oi? i?oaeiiai
oa?o, yeee cauaieaiee ii iniia? (?en. 4).

O iaoaiaoe/iiio ieai? caaea/a caiaeeoueny aei ?ioaa?oaaiiy ??aiyiue
oaieii?ia?aeiino? (24) oa nenoaie aeeoa?aioe?aeueieo ??aiyiue
oa?iii?oaeiino? (25) (?iaeaen j iionoeii), i?e ioeueia?e ii/aoeia?e;
a?aie/ieo ? eiioaeoieo oiiaao

(41)

(42)

(43)

E??i oiai, o eiaeai iiiaio /ano iathoue aeeiioaaoeny oiiae ??aiiaaae

(44)

a i?e aeoiae? ia onoaeaiee ?aaeei oiiae oaieiaiai aaeaino aeaeo (32)
aeey oaiia?aoo?e oa?o.

 – ooieoe?y, ui aecia/a? oi?io iniiae ooaiio a iaeano? eiioaeoo.

– aac?ici??iee ia?aiao?, ui aecia/a? ?ioaineai?noue oaieiooai?aiiy)

(45)

, iaea?aeaii iiaio nenoaio ??aiyiue iinoaaeaii? caaea/?.

Cai?iiiiiaaii /eneiaee aeai?eoi iiaoaeiae ?ica’yceo oaeiai eeano
?ioaa?aeueieo ??aiyiue (c? ci?iieie iaaeaie ?ioaa?oaaiiy), ui
nie?a?oueny ia ?acoeueoaoe iiia?aaei?o ?icae?e?a (i?e aeene?aoecaoe?? ii
/ano) oa i?aaenoaaeaiiy eiioaeoiiai oeneo ?ioa?iieyoe?eieie iie?iiiaie
Eaa?aiaea ii iie?iiiao *aaeoaaa i?e ?ica’ycoaaii? i?inoi?iai? caaea/?.
*eneia? aenia?eiaioe iieacaee aenieo aoaeoeai?noue cai?iiiiiaaiiai
i?aeoiaeo, i?e yeiio a?aeiinia iioeaea ia/eneaiue ia ia?aaeuoaaea 5%.
Caoaaaeeii, ui iiaeia iaea?aeaoe iaioo iioeaeo ca ?aooiie iiae??aiaiiy
e?ieo ?icaeooy ii /ano, iaeiae o oeueiio aeiaaeeo iaaei?aaaeaii c?inoa?
e?euee?noue ia/eneaiue.

Aiae?c iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieaco?, ui:

i?e /enoi neeia?e aca?iiae??, aeey aeia?eueiiai cia/aiiy i?aoe?eie
ieinei? iniiae ooaiio, eiioaeoiee oene ia? ei?aiaao iniaeea?noue, a
inaaeea ooaiio ? aeiaeaoiith aaee/eiith (ooaii aoeniooi o oa?);

a oa?iii?oaei?e caaea/?, i?e o?eniaaiiio cia/aii? i?aoe?eie iniiae
ooaiio, ca?eueoaiiy ?ioaineaiino? oaieiooai?aiiy aeeeeea? ciaioaiiy
inaaeee, i?e/iio ianoa? oaeee iiiaio, ui ??aiiaaaa ooaiio ia? i?noea i?e
a?ae’?iieo cia/aiiyo inaaeee;

;

, oiaoi niinoa??aa?oueny a?ae?ea ooaiio a?ae iniiae ia e?ayo ae?eyiee
eiioaeoo;

, yeo iiaeia io?eiaoe, i?eoenioaoe ooaii c ia?aaie?/iith iniiaith
(ci?iiee eiioaeo) aaciaaeiith neeith.

I?ae?icae?e 4.2 i?enay/aii aeine?aeaeaiith eiioaeoii? caaea/? i?i
ia?ai?uaiiy i?oaeiiai oa?o ii iiaa?oi? aei?noei? oaieiiai?iieeii?
iniiae, aei yei? o?ei i?eoenea?oueny ii?iaeueii aei ieiueie eiioaeoo.
?ethno?aoe??th aei oe??? caaea/? iiaea neoaeeoe ?en. 1, aea ia?oee oa?
?icaeyaea?oueny ye aaniethoii aei?noea iniiaa. I?e oeueiio
i?eionea?oueny, ui oa?, yeee ciaoiaeeoueny ii/aoeiai o iiaiiio eiioaeo?
c iniiaith, iiaea a?aenoaaaoe a?ae ia? i?ae ae??th iaaaioaaeaiiy.

iica ae?eyieith eiioaeoo, caaaeaii caaea/o aei iiaoaeiae ?ica’yce?a
nenoai aeeoa?aioe?aeueieo ??aiyiue oaieii?ia?aeiino? (24) oa
oa?iii?oaeiino? (25) (?iaeaen j iiouaii) i?e ioeueia?e ii/aoeia?e,
a?aie/ieo oa eiioaeoieo oiiaao

(46)

(47)

i?eeeaaeaiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy.

), a i?e aeoiae? ia onoaeaiee ?aaeei – oiiae oaieiaiai aaeaino (32).

Iinoaaeaio caaea/o aoei caaaeaii aei ?ioaa?aeueiiai ??aiyiiy, no?oeoo?a
yeiai aiaeia?/ia aei (45), iaeiae ooo i?aaa /anoeia caeaaeeoue a?ae
aeaeo i?eeeaaeaiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy. Eiai ?ica’ycie iiaoaeiaaii ia iniia?
/eneiaiai aeai?eoio, ui aeei?enoiao? noaio, iaaaaeaio o iiia?aaeiueiio
i?ae?icae?e? ? oai??? ocaaaeueiaieo ooieoe?e aeey ?aaoey?ecaoe?? yaea?.

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie /eneiaiai aiae?co iiaeaii noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui:

ca?eueoaiiy ?ioaineaiino? oaieiooai?aiiy aaaea aei ciaioaiiy ae?eyiee
eiioaeoo, iaeiae ca?eueoo? iaeneiaeueia cia/aiiy eiioaeoiiai oeneo ?
aeaui ci?ith? eiai ?iciiae?e ii a?aeiioaiith aei i?oaeii? caaea/?;

ca oiiae, ui oaeaee?noue ?ooo ? iaioith ca e?eoe/io, eiioaeoi?
iai?oaeaiiy iiiioiiii aeoiaeyoue ia a?aeiia?aeia noaoe?iia?ia cia/aiiy,
a oa?aeoa? ?o ci?ie aecia/a?oueny caeaaei?noth ci?ie c /anii
iaaaioaaeaiiy ? oaeaeeino? ?ooo: yeui ci?ith?oueny c /anii
iaaaioaaeaiiy, oi eiioaeoi? iai?oaeaiiy i?iii?oe?eii c?inoathoue i?e
noae?e ae?eyioe? eiioaeoo, a yeui ci?ith?oueny oaeaee?noue ?ooo, oi
niinoa??aa?oueny iiiioiiia ciaioaiiy ae?eyiee aca?iiae??.

O oeueiio ae i?ae?icae?e? ia iniia? iaoiae?a, aeei?enoaieo i?e
aeine?aeaeaii? caaea/? c a?ae?eaii, ?icaeyiooi eiioaeoo aca?iiae?th
i?oaeiiai o?ea c aei?noeith iniiaith (a?aeiia?aei? ?acoeueoaoe iaaaaeaii
o i?ae?icae?e? A.4.2 aeiaeaoeo A), eiee ii/aoeiaee eiioaeo
a?aeaoaa?oueny ii iaiaaeai?e iiaa?oi? aai ii e?i??, yeui o?ei iiaeia
iiaeaethaaoe ieineiia?aeaeueiei oa?ii ca?aeii c oai???th Aa?oea.

:

o cii? iaaaioaaeaiiai eiioaeoo iathoue aeeiioaaoeny oiiae oaieiooai?aiiy
(36) oa ia?aeaaeueiiai oaieiaiai eiioaeoo (37);

o cii? iaiaaaioaaeaiiai eiioaeoo – oiiae ia?aeaaeueiiai oaieiaiai
eiioaeoo c a?aei?iiei eiao?oe??ioii oa?i?/ii? i?ia?aeiino?

; (48)

o cii? a?ae?eao, caeaaeii a?ae aea?aii? iiaeae?, aai oiiae
oaiei?cieyoe?? iiaa?oiiue o?e, aai oiiae ia?aeaaeueiiai oaieiaiai
eiioaeoo /a?ac i?ii?aeiee oa? aeaeo (48) c a?aei?iiei eiao?oe??ioii
oa?i?/ii? i?ia?aeiino?.

, oi o cii? iaaaioaaeaiiai eiioaeoo iieeaaea?oueny ??ai?noue
?aae?aeueieo iai?oaeaiue ? ia?ai?uaiue oa a?aenooi?noue aeioe/ieo
iai?oaeaiue, a o ciiao a?ae?eao oa iaiaaaioaaeaiiai eiioaeoo – oiiae
a?aenooiino? ?aae?aeueieo oa aeioe/ieo iai?oaeaiue.

Nei?enoaaoenue ?acoeueoaoaie i?ae?icae?eo 3.2 caaea/o caiaeeii aei
nenoaie ?ioaa?aeueieo ??aiyiue, caaeaieo o eiaei?e ?c cii, iaae? i?ae
yeeie iaia?aae iaa?aeii?, a aecia/athoueny a i?ioean? iiaoaeiae
?ica’yceo. Aeey oeueiai aeei?enoiao?oueny cia?aaeaiiy ii inueia?e
eii?aeeiao? o eiaeai iiiaio /ano eiioaeoiiai oeneo ? ooieoe?e,
i?iii?oe?eieo oaieiaiio iioieo ia iiaa?oi? eiioaeoo a?ae??ceaie ?yaeo ii
iie?iiiao Eaaa??a aeaeo

,

a oaeiae iaoiaee iioi/eiai? eieieaoe?? ? iine?aeiaiiai ooi/iaiiy
eiioaeoieo oiia. Oiaoi nii/aoeo ?ica’yco?oueny nenoaia ?ioaa?aeueieo
??aiyiue caaea/? a ii/aoeia?e iinoaiiaoe?, aecia/athoueny oi/ee, aea
eiioaeoiee oene ci?ith? ciae ? iaaeae? ooo ooi/iththoueny eiioaeoi?
oiiae. Oey i?ioeaaeo?a i?iaeiaaeo?oueny aeioe, iiee eiioaeoiee oene
ci?ith? ciae.

Aiae?coth/e iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe iiaeia noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui caeaaeii
a?ae a?aeiioaiiy eiao?oe??io?a e?i?eiiai oaieiaiai ?icoe?aiiy
oeee?iae??a iiaeeea? o?e iaoai?cie aca?iiae??:

, oi i?e iaeiica’yci?e iaeano? i?eeeaaeaiiy iaaaioaaeaiiy eiioaeo
oeee?iae??a ia? i?noea ii iaiaaeai?e, iaeiica’yci?e iaeano?;

, oi iaeanoue iaaaioaaeaiiai eiioaeoo ? aaaaoica’yciith;

, oi ia? i?noea nooe?eueiee eiioaeo i?ae oeee?iae?aie.

; e?iaiaoe/ia oiiaa eiioaeoo

– ooieoe?y i?ici?o), ? yeui ia?ai?uaiiy eiioaeoii? iiaa?oi? aaiaeaaea
c aeinoaoiueith oi/i?noth iiaeia ai?ieneioaaoe ia?ai?uaiiyie a?ae oeeo
aea /eiiee?a iiaa?oi? i?oaeiiai oeee?iae?a.

Ia iniia? ?acoeueoao?a i?ae?icae?eo 3.2 iinoaaeaia caaea/a aoea
caaaeaia aei nenoai ?ioaa?aeueieo ??aiyiue, no?oeoo?a yeeo aecia/a?oueny
aeaeyaeii oaieio?ce/ieo eiioaeoieo oiia. Cie?aia, i?e ?aeaaeueiiio
oaieiaiio eiioaeo? iaea?aeaii nenoaio a?aeiinii oaieiaeo iioie?a oa
oaiia?aoo?e ia ae?eyioe? aca?iiae??, a i?e ia?aeaaeueiiio oaieiaiio
eiioaeo? – a?aeiinii eiioaeoiiai oeneo oa oaiia?aoo? iiaa?oiiue
aca?iiae?th/eo o?e. I?e iiaoaeia? ?ica’yceo oeeo nenoai ?ioaa?aeueieo
??aiyiue aeei?enoaia /eneiaa noaia iaaaaeaia o i?ae?icae?e? 4.1.

Iniiaiei ?acoeueoaoii ooo ? aeniiaie i?i nooo?aee aieea ia ?iciiae?e
eiioaeoiiai oeneo ci?ie iaaaioaaeaiiy acaeiaae in? o?eainenoaie.

O aeniiaeao noi?ioeueiaaii iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy, a
aeiaeaoie A i?noeoue aeaoaeueiee /eneiaee aiae?c eiaeii? ?c caaea/
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

INIIAI? ?ACOEUeOAOE ? AENIIAEE

Iaea?aeaii aiaeioe/iee ?ica’ycie iaeiiaeii?ieo aeeiaii/ieo eiioaeoieo
caaea/ oa?iii?oaeiinoi aac ii/aoeiaeo oiia aeey aeaioa?iaeo nenoai oie,
aei yeeo i?eeeaaeaii ia?iiaee/ii ciiiia c /anii iaaaioaaeaiiy, i
aeineiaeaeaii aieea eieeaiiai oa?aeoa?o o?eeoeieiiai oaieiooai?aiiy ia
eiioaeoiee oene i iiey oaiia?aoo? oa oaieiaeo iioieia. Iieacaii, ui
eieeaaiiy oaieiooai?aiiy ? i?e/eiith iioe?aiiy oaieiaeo oaeeue.

?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo iiaoaeiae ?ica’yceo i?icoi?iai iaeii- ?
aeaiaei??ieo caaea/ oa?iii?oaeiino? aeey aeaioa?iaeo o?eainenoai c
ianoaoe?iia?iei oaieiooai?aiiyi, ui aeicaiey? ?ica’ycaoe caaea/? i?e
aeia?eueieo caeiiao ci?ie c /anii iaaaioaaeaiiy ? a?aeiinii? oaeaeeino?
?ooo, eiee iiaeia ciaoooaaoe aeeiai?/ieie aoaeoaie.

Ia iniia? oe??? iaoiaeeee iiaoaeiaaii ?ica’ycee iaeii- ? aeaiaei??i?
eaac?noaoe/ieo eiioaeoieo caaea/ aeey o?eainenoai aeaio
ieineiia?aeaeueieo oa??a ? aeaio eiaen?aeueieo e?oaeeo ii?iaeienoeo
oeee?iae??a ? aeine?aeaeaii iniiai? caeiiii??iino? ?iciiae?eo acaeiaae
eii?aeeiaoieo inae ? ci?ie c /anii oaiia?aoo?e, oaieiaeo iioie?a,
oa?iii?oaeieo iai?oaeaiue ? ia?ai?uaiue aeaiaio?a ia? oa?oy. Cie?aia, o
aeiaaeeo aeaiaei??ieo caaea/ iieacaii, ui eieae?ciaaia ia iaai?e
ae?eyioe? iaaaioaaeaiiy ? i?e/eiith ooai?aiiy cii a?ae?eao, ye? c?
ca?eueoaiiyi ?ioaineaiino? oaieiooai?aiiy c?inoathoue. sse iane?aeie, ia
iiaa?oi? eiioaeoo iiaeia aeae?eeoe ciie iaaaioaaeaiiai eiioaeoo, ciie
a?ae?eao oa iaiaaaioaaeaiiai eiioaeoo, ? aeey oiai, uia iaea?aeaoe
?aaeueiee ?iciiae?e eiioaeoiiai oeneo, iio??aii ?icaeyaeaoe caaea/? o
ci?iai?e (ci?oai?e) iinoaiiaoe?. Oiio aeae?:

?ica’ycaii eiioaeoio caaea/o i?i ia?ai?uaiiy i?oaeiiai oa?o ii iiaa?oi?
aei?noei? oaieiiai?iieeii? iniiae, a?ae yei? i?eoeniooa ii?iaeueii aei
ieiueie eiioaeoo o?ei iiaea a?aenoaaaoe i?ae ae??th iaaaioaaeaiiy. O
i?eiouaii? iaeiica’yciino? iaeano? i?eeeaaeaiiy iaaaioaaeaiiy, caaea/a
caaaeaia aei ?ioaa?aeueiiai ??aiyiiy a?aeiinii eiioaeoiiai oeneo, ia
iniia? /eneiaiai ?ica’yceo yeiai iieacaii, ui ca?eueoaiiy ?ioaineaiino?
oaieiooai?aiiy aaaea aei ciaioaiiy ae?eyiee eiioaeoo, aea ci?ia c /anii
inoaiiuei? aecia/a?oueny aeai?ii caeaaeiino? ci?ie iaaaioaaeaiiy ?
oaeaeeino? ?ooo: yeui a?ae /ano caeaaeeoue iaaaioaaeaiiy, oi iaeanoue
eiioaeoo ia ci?ith?oueny, a yeui ci?ith?oueny oaeaee?noue ?ooo, oi
niinoa??aa?oueny iiiioiiia ciaioaiiy ae?eyiee aca?iiae??.

, oi ia? i?noea nooe?eueiee eiioaeo i?ae oeee?iae?aie.

Aeine?aeaeaii eaac?noaoe/io eiioaeoio aca?iiae?th o?e iaocaiaeaeaii?
oi?ie (iaiaaaioaaeaiee eiioaeo ia? i?noea ii iaiaaeai?e iiaa?oi? aai ii
e?i??), yeui ia?ai?uaiiy eiioaeoii? iiaa?oi? aca?iiae?th/eo o?e iiaeaii
c aeinoaoiueith oi/i?noth ai?ieneioaaoe ia?ai?uaiiyie a?ae oeeo aea
/eiiee?a eiioaeoii? iiaa?oi? ieineiia?aeaeueiiai oa?o (eiee
?icaeyaea?oueny aca?iiae?y i?oaeiiai o?ea ? aei?noei? oaiei?cieueiaaii?
iniiae) /e iiaa?oi? e?oaeiai ii?iaeienoiai oeee?iae?a (yeui
?icaeyaea?oueny eiioaeo i?oaeiiai aaiaeaaea ? oeee?iae?a). Ia iniia?
iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a c?iaeaii aeniiaie i?i nooo?aee aieea oa?aeoa?o
?iciiae?eo iaoeneoth/iai iaaaioaaeaiiy ia ?iciiae?e eiioaeoiiai oeneo
iaa?oue o oiio aeiaaeeo, eiee canoiniaia oai??y Aa?oea.

?ica’ycaii eaac?noaoe/io caaea/o oa?iii?oaeiino? i?i oene aei?noeiai
oaiei?cieueiaaiiai ooaiio ia iiaa?oith oa?o, cauaieaiiai ii iniia?, ?
aeine?aeaeaii aoaeo a?aenoaaaiiy iniiae ooaiio a?ae iiaa?oi? oa?o i?ae
ae??th oaieiooai?aiiy. ?icaeyiooi eiioaeoi? caaea/? aeey ooaiio c
ieineith ? ia?aaie?/iith iniiaaie oa i?aoeee?iae?e/iiai ooaiio.
Iieacaii, ui aca?iiae?y ooaiio c iiaa?oiath oa?o iiaeeeaa ii an?e oe?ei?
ieinei? iniiae o?eueee ca oiiae, ui i?aoe?eia iniiae ? iaioith ca
e?eoe/ia cia/aiiy (cia/aiiy i?aoe?eie ae?eyiee eiioaeoo, yea iiaeia
iaea?aeaoe, i?eoenioaoe ooaii c ia?aaie?/iith iniiaith (ci?iiee eiioaeo)
aaciaaeiith neeith), yea caeaaeeoue a?ae ?ioaineaiino? oaieiooai?aiiy.

IOAE?EAOe?? CA IAOA??AEAIE AeENA?OAOe?EII? ?IAIOE

A?ee?oeueeee Ae.A., E?anithe I.I. Eaac?noaoe/ia eiioaeoia aca?iiae?y
aeaio e?eueoeaaeo ieanoei c oaieiooai?aiiyi a?ae oa?oy // Aeiiia?ae? IAI
Oe?a?ie. ( 1995. ( ? 11. ( N. 41-45.

A?ee?oeueeee Ae.A., E?anithe I.I. Eaac?noaoe/ia eiioaeoia caaea/a
oa?iii?oaeiino? aeey aeaio oeee?iae??a c a?aooaaiiyi o?eeoe?eiiai
iaa??aaiiy // Oace aeiiia?aeae IV i?aeia?iaeii? eiioa?aioe?? c iaoai?ee
iaiaeii??aeieo no?oeoo?. ( Oa?iii?eue. ( 1995. ( N. 28.

A?eeeoeeee Ae.A., E?anithe I.I. Onoaiiaeaoeany ?aaeeaeueiua oa?iioi?oaea
eieaaaiey nenoaiu aeaoo iieuo e?oaiauo oeeeeiae?ia n oaieiia?aciaaieai
io o?aiey // I?eeeaaeiay iaoaieea. ( 1996. ( O. 32, ? 4. ( N. 26-33.

A?eeeoeeee Ae.A., E?anithe I.I. Noaoeeiia?iue oa?iioi?oaee eiioaeo aeaoo
oeeeeiae?ia n o?eeoeeiiiui oaieiia?aciaaieai // O?aiea e eciin. ( 1996.
( O. 17, ? 3. ( N. 312-319.

A?eeeoeeee Ae.A., E?anithe I.I. Oa?iioi?oaee eiioaeo aeaoo oeeeeiae?ia n
ianoaoeeiia?iui o?eeoeeiiiui oaieiia?aciaaieai // I?eeeaaeiay iaoaieea e
oaoie/aneay oeceea. ( 1997. ( O. 38, ? 3. ( N. 112-121.

A?ee?oeueeee Ae.A., E?anithe I.I. I?oaeiee eiioaeo aeaio oeee?iae??a //
O?ceei(o?i?/ia iaoai?ea iaoa??ae?a. ( 1997. ( O. 33, ? 3. ( N. 31-38.

A?eeeoeeee Ae.A., E?anithe I.I. Onoaiiaeaoeany aa?oeeaeueiua
oa?iioi?oaea eieaaaiey nenoaiu aeaoo ieineiia?aeeaeueiuo nei?a n
oaieiia?aciaaieai io o?aiey // Eiaeaia?ii(oece/aneee aeo?iae. ( 1997. (
O. 70, ? 4. ( N. 695-698.

E?anithe I.I. Eaac?noaoe/ia eiioaeoia caaea/a oa?iii?oaeiino? aeey
nenoaie aeaio ieineiia?aeaeueieo oa??a // I?iaeaie o?eaieia??. ( 1997. (
? 4. ( N. 150-159.

E?anithe I.I. Oa?iii?oaeia eiioaeoia caaea/a aeey oa?o, ui
ia?ai?uo?oueny ii iiaa?oi? aei?noei? iniiae // Iaoa??aee i?aeia?iaeii?
iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? “No/ani? i?iaeaie iaoai?ee oa iaoaiaoeee”
i?enay/aii? 70-??//th a?ae aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy aeaaeai?ea IAI Oe?a?ie
ss.N. I?aeno?eaa/a. ( Euea?a. ( 1998. ( N. 132.

E?anithe I.I. Eaac?noaoe/ia eiioaeoia aca?iiae?y aeaio oa??a ?c
o?eeoe?eiei oaieiooai?aiiyi // O?ceei(o?i?/ia iaoai?ea iaoa??ae?a. (
1999. ( O. 35, ? 2. ( N. 33-43.

AIIOAOe?ss

E?anithe I.I. Oa?iii?oaei? eiioaeoi? caaea/? aeey aeaioa?iaeo nenoai c
ianoaoe?iia?iei o?eeoe?eiei oaieiooai?aiiyi. ( ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
o?ceei(iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 01.02.04 ( iaoai?ea
aeaoi?i?aiiai oaa?aeiai o?ea. ( Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana
Oaa/aiea, Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aea/aiith oa?iii?oaeii? eiioaeoii? aca?iiae??
o?e, ye? ciaoiaeyoueny i?ae ae??th iaaaioaaeaiiy oa o?eeoe?eiiai
oaieiooai?aiiy, ui ci?ith?oueny c /anii. Noiniaii o?eainenoai aeaio
ieineiia?aeaeueieo oa??a ? aeaio eiaen?aeueieo e?oaeeo ii?iaeienoeo
oeee?iae??a c?iaeaii iinoaiiaee oa iiaoaeiaaii ?ica’ycee iecee iiaeo
oa?iii?oaeieo i?inoi?iai iaeii- ? aeaiaei??ieo eaac?noaoe/ieo caaea/
oa?iii?oaeiino? c ianoaoe?iia?iei oaieiooai?aiiyi. Aeey oaeiai eeano
caaea/ noai?aii ? iaa?oioiaaii aiae?oeei-/eneiao iaoiaeeeo iiaoaeiae
?ica’yceo, aenieo aoaeoeai?noue yei? i?aeoaa?aeaeaii /eneiaeie
aenia?eiaioaie. Aeine?aeaeaii aieea caaeaieo oaieio?ce/ieo, iaoai?/ieo
oa aaiiao?e/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee o?e, oa?aeoa?o i?eeeaaeaiiai aei
o?eainenoai iaaaioaaeaiiy ia eiioaeoio eiio?ao?aoe?th ? iniiai? ooeai?
oa?aeoa?enoeee oa i?iaiae?ciaaii aoaeoe, iaoiiaeai? ianoaoe?iia?iei
oaieiooai?aiiyi a?ae oa?oy i?e eiioaeoi?e aca?iiae?? aei?noeiai ooaiio ?
oa?o, aaiaeaaeo ? oeee?iae?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: eiioaeoia aca?iiae?y, o?eainenoaia, oa?oy,
oa?iii?oaei?noue, ianoaoe?iia?ia oaieiooai?aiiy, oa?, oeee?iae?, ooaii,
aaiaeaae.

AIIIOAOeEss

E?anithe I.I. Oa?iioi?oaea eiioaeoiua caaea/e aeey aeaooneieiuo nenoai n
ianoaoeeiia?iui o?eeoeeiiiui oaieiia?aciaaieai. ( ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/?iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
oeceei(iaoaiaoe/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 01.02.04 ( iaoaieea
aeaoi?ie?oaiiai oa??aeiai oaea. ( Eeaaneee oieaa?neoao eiaie Oa?ana
Oaa/aiea, Eeaa, 1999.

Oeaeueth aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaiou yaeyaony eco/aiea oa?iioi?oaiai
eiioaeoiiai acaeiiaeaenoaey oae, iaoiaeyueony iiae aeaenoaeai iaa?ocee e
o?eeoeeiiiiai oaieiia?aciaaiey, caaenyueo io a?aiaie. A ea/anoaa
iauaeoia enneaaeiaaiey auae?athony o?eainenoaiu, ninoiyuea ec aeaoo
ieineiia?aeeaeueiuo nei?a e aeaoo eiaeneaeueiuo e?oaeuo ionoioaeuo
oeeeeiae?ia, aeey eioi?uo naeaeaiu iinoaiiaee iiauo i?ino?ainoaaiii
iaeii- e aeaoia?iuo eaacenoaoe/aneeo caaea/ oa?iioi?oainoe n
ianoaoeeiia?iui oaieiia?aciaaieai. Niaeanii iauae iaoiaeeee auiieiaiey
enneaaeiaaiee, ia/aeueii-e?aaaua caaea/e ianoaoeeiia?iie
oaieii?iaiaeiinoe e e?aaaua eaacenoaoe/aneea caaea/e oa?iioi?oainoe,
ninoaaeythuea iaoaiaoe/aneoth iinoaiiaeo caaea/, i?eaaaeaiu e nenoaiai
eioaa?aeueiuo o?aaiaiee oeia Aieueoa?a e Aieueoa?a-O?aaeaieueia
ioiineoaeueii eiioaeoiiai aeaaeaiey e oaieiauo iioieia ia iiaa?oiinoe
eiioaeoa, ?aoaiea eioi?uo iieo/aiu /eneaiiui niiniaii.

Iniiaiuie ?acoeueoaoaie, iieo/aiiuie a aeenna?oaoeee, yaeythony:

Aiaeeoe/aneia ?aoaiea iaeiiia?iuo aeeiaie/aneeo eiioaeoiuo caaea/
oa?iioi?oainoe aac ia/aeueiuo oneiaee aeey aeaooneieiuo nenoai oae, e
eioi?ui i?eeiaeaii ia?eiaee/anee eciaiyaiay ni a?aiaiai iaa?ocea, e
enneaaeiaaiea aeeyiey eieaaaoaeueiiai oa?aeoa?a oaieiia?aciaaiey ia
eiioaeoiia aeaaeaiea e iiey oaiia?aoo? e oaieiauo iioieia. Iieacaii, /oi
eieaaaiey oaieiia?aciaaiey aucuaatho ?ani?ino?aiaiea oaieiauo aiei.

?ac?aaioea iaoiaeeee iino?iaiey ?aoaiey i?ino?ainoaaiii iaeiiia?iuo e
aeaooia?iuo caaea/ oa?iioi?oainoe aeey aeaooneieiuo o?eainenoai n
ianoaoeeiia?iui oaieiia?aciaaieai, iicaieythuay ?aoeoue caaea/e i?e
i?iecaieueiuo caeiiao eciaiaiey ni a?aiaiai iaa?ocee e ioiineoaeueiie
nei?inoe aeaeaeaiey, eiaaea iiaeii i?aiaa?a/ue aeeiaie/aneeie yooaeoaie.

Iino?iaiea, ia iniiaaiee yoie iaoiaeeee, ?aoaiee iaeii- e aeaoia?iuo
eaacenoaoe/aneeo eiioaeoiuo caaea/ aeey o?eainenoai aeaoo
ieineiia?aeeaeueiuo nei?a e aeaoo eiaeneaeueiuo e?oaeuo ionoioaeuo
oeeeeiae?ia, a oaeaea eco/aiea iniiaiuo caeiiiia?iinoae ?ani?aaeaeaiey
aaeieue eii?aeeiaoiuo inae e eciaiaiey ni a?aiaiai oaiia?aoo?u, oaieiauo
iioieia, oa?iioi?oaeo iai?yaeaiee e ia?aiauaiee yeaiaioia ia? o?aiey. A
/anoiinoe, a neo/aa aeaooia?iuo caaea/ (ieineie – aeey nenoaiu
ieineiia?aeeaeueiuo nei?a, e inaneiiao?e/iie – aeey iaiaeii?iaeiiai
oeeeeiae?a) iieacaii, /oi eieaeeciaaiiia ia iaeioi?ii o/anoea aeaaeaiea
yaeyaony i?e/eiie ia?aciaaiey cii io?uaa, eioi?ua n oaaee/aieai
eioaineaiinoe oaieiia?aciaaiey aic?anoatho.

?aoaiea eiioaeoiie caaea/e i ia?aiauaiee oi?oaiai neiy ii iiaa?oiinoe
ae?noeiai, oaieiiai?iieoeaaiiai iniiaaiey, io eioi?iai i?eaeaoia
ii?iaeueii e ieineinoe eiioaeoa oaei iiaeao ionoaaaoue iiae aeaenoaeai
iaa?ocee. A i?aaeiieiaeaiee iaeiinayciinoe iaeanoe i?eeiaeaiey iaa?ocee
caaea/a i?eaaaeaia e eioaa?aeueiiio o?aaiaieth ioiineoaeueii eiioaeoiiai
aeaaeaiey, ia iniiaaiee /eneaiiiai ?aoaiey eioi?iai iieacaii, /oi
oaaee/aiea eioaineaiinoe oaieiia?aciaaiey aaae?o e oiaiueoaieth o/anoea
eiioaeoa, aaea eciaiaiea ni a?aiaiai iineaaeiaai ii?aaeaeyaony auai?ii
caaeneiinoe eciaiaiey iaa?ocee e nei?inoe aeaeaeaiey: anee io a?aiaie
caaeneo iaa?ocea, oi iaeanoue eiioaeoa ia eciaiyaony, a anee eciaiyaony
nei?inoue aeaeaeaiey, oi iaaethaeaaony iiiioiiiia oiaiueoaiea o/anoea
acaeiiaeaenoaey.

, oi eiaai nieioiie eiioaeo iaaeaeo oeeeeiae?aie.

Enneaaeiaaiea eaacenoaoe/aneiai eiioaeoiiai acaeiiaeaenoaey oae
ianiaeaniaaiiie oi?iu (iaiaa?oaeaiiue eiioaeo eiaao ianoi ii
ia?aie/aiiie iiaa?oiinoe eee ii eeiee), anee ia?aiauaiey eiioaeoiie
iiaa?oiinoe acaeiiaeaenoaothueo oae iiaeii n aeinoaoi/iie noaiaiueth
oi/iinoe aii?ieneie?iaaoue ia?aiauaieyie io yoeo aea oaeoi?ia eiioaeoiie
iiaa?oiinoe ieineiia?aeeaeueiiai neiy (eiaaea ?anniao?eaaaony
acaeiiaeaenoaea oi?oaiai oaea e ae?noeiai oaieieciee?iaaiiiai iniiaaiey)
eee iiaa?oiinoe e?oaeiai ionoioaeiai oeeeeiae?a (anee ?anniao?eaaaony
eiioaeo oi?oaiai aaiaeaaea e oeeeeiae?a). Ia iniiaaiee iieo/aiiuo
?acoeueoaoia naeaeai auaiae i nouanoaaiiii aeeyiee oa?aeoa?a
?ani?aaeaeaiey iaaeeiathuae iaa?ocee ia ?ani?aaeaeaiea eiioaeoiiai
aeaaeaiey aeaaea a oii neo/aa, eiaaea i?eiaieia oai?ey Aa?oea.

?aoaiea eaacenoaoe/aneie caaea/e oa?iioi?oainoe i aeaaeaiee ae?noeiai
oaieieciee?iaaiiiai ooaiia ia iiaa?oiinoue neiy, cauaie?iiiai ii
iniiaaieth, e enneaaeiaaiea yooaeoa ionoaaaiey iniiaaiey ooaiia io
iiaa?oiinoe neiy iiae aeaenoaeai oaieiia?aciaaiey. ?anniao?eaathony
eiioaeoiua caaea/e aeey ooaiia n ieineei e ia?aaiee/aneei iniiaaieai e
iieooeeeeiae?e/aneiai ooaiia. Iieacaii, /oi acaeiiaeaenoaea ooaiia n
iiaa?oiinoueth neiy aiciiaeii ii anae oe?eia ieineiai iniiaaiey oieueei
i?e oneiaee, /oi iieooe?eia iniiaaiey yaeyaony iaiueoae ca e?eoe/aneia
cia/aiea, caaenyuaa io eioaineaiinoe oaieiia?aciaaiey.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eiioaeoiia acaeiiaeaenoaea, o?eainenoaia, o?aiea,
oa?iioi?oainoue, ianoaoeeiia?iia oaieiia?aciaaiea, oa?, oeeeeiae?,
ooaii, aaiaeaae.

ABSTRACT

Krasniuk P.P. Thermoelastic contact problems for two-layered systems
with transient frictional heat generation. – Manuscript.

Thesis for degree of the candidate’s of sciences (physics and
mathematics) by speciality 01.02.04 — mechanics of deformable solid. —
Taras Shevchenko University, Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to investigation of thermoelastic contact
interaction of bodies, under the load and time-dependent frictional heat
generation. The statements of problems for the systems of two layers and
two hollow circular cylinders, inserted into each other without
clearance are made. The solutions of some new one and two-dimensional
quasistatic thermoelastic problems with transient heat generation are
obtained. For such class of problems the analytical-numerical method of
solving is proposed. The high efficiency of this method is confirmed by
numerical experiments.The influence of thermophysical, mechanical and
geometric characteristics of bodies, character of load distribution on
contact configuration and main unknown contact characteristics are
investigated. The effects due to transient frictional heat generation
that arises during contact interaction of rigid punch and layer and tire
and cylinder are analysed.

Key words: contact interaction, tribosystem, friction,
thermoelastisity, transient heat generation, layer, cylinder, punch,
tire.

Ea?neio A., Aaa? Ae. Oaieii?iaiaeiinoue oa??aeuo oae: Ia?. n aiae. –
I.: Iaoea, 1964. – 488 n.

2 Iiaeno?eaa/ ss.N., Eieyii TH.I. Iaonoaiiaeaoeany oaiia?aoo?iua iiey e
iai?yaeaiey a oiieeo ieanoeiao. – E.: Iaoe. aeoiea, 1972. – 308 n.

3 A?ee?oeueeee Ae.A. Nenoaia neiaoey?ieo ?ioaa?aeueieo ??aiyiue aeey
ieinei? caaea/? oa?iii?oaeiino? i?e noaoe?iia?iiio oaieiaeae?eaii? ia
ieiuaaeoe? eiioaeoo // A?ni. Euea?a. oi?a. Na?. iao.-iao. – 1984. –
Aei. 22. – N. 29-34.

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