IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO *I?II? IAOAEO?A?? ?i. C. ?. IAE?ANIAA

Ia?onia Ieaa Aieiaeeie?iae/

OAeE 621.771: 621.785: 669.15 ‘781-194 (043)

OA?IIIAOAI?*IA IA?IAEA AEIIIIIIEAAIAAIEO AI?AI?NIEO NOAEAE AeEss
AENIEII?OeIEO E??IEEUeIEO AE?IA?A

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.16. 01 – Iaoaeiciaanoai oa oa?i?/ia ia?iaea iaoae?a

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Aei?i?iiao?ianuee – 1998

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? /i?ii? iaoaeo?a?? IAI Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oceia ?aai
Aa?aneiiae/, caa. a?aeae?eii ?inoeoooo /i?ii? iaoaeo?a??
IAI Oe?a?ie.Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Nie?eaeiiiaa ??eia Ieoaee?aia,
Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, i?ioani?;

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee Ni?aaeia
Aaea??e ?aaiiae/, ?inoeoooo /i?ii? iaoaeo?a?? IAI Oe?a?ie, i?ia?ae-iee
iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

aea?aeaaia iaoaeo?a?eia aeaaeai?y oe?a?ie I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie,

i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny ”25”_a?oaeiy_ 1998 ?. i «14 » aiaeei?

ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 08.231. 01 a ?inoeooo?
/i?ii? iaoaeo?a?? IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 320050, i.
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, ie. aeaaeai?ea Noa?iaeoaiaa, 1.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo /i?ii?
iaoaeo?a?? IAI Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee ”_23_” _eenoiiaaea_ 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee, aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe

A. A. Eaa/aiei4

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

I?eeiyoa Aa?oiaiith ?aaeith Oe?a?ie a 1995 ?. eiioeaioe?y ?icaeoeo
a??ie/i-iaoaeo?a?eiiai eiiieaeno ia?aaeaa/a? ia o?eueee iiaia
caaeiaieaiiy aioo??oiueiai ?eieo a iaoaeii?ieao? oe?ieiai ia?i/iiai ?
?ici??iiai ni?oaiaioo, aea ? ?icoe-?aiiy aenii?oo i?ieaoo c i?aeaeuaieie
niiaeea/eie ? neoaeaiaeie aeanoeainoyie.

Aaaeeeaa eaiea a caaacia/aii? iio?aa Oe?a?ie a iaoaeii?ieao? iaeaaeeoue
ye?niiio iaoaeii?ieaoo aeey iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy, cie?aia, aeey ae?iaieoeoaa
e??ieeue-ieo ae?ia?a.

A iei?oi?e /an ? aacia?a/iei, ui iaeiei c iaeaaaeeea?oeo oaeoi??a a?eueo
aoaeoeaiiai canoinoaaiiy e??ieeueieo ? ?ioeo iaoaeiae?ia?a ? i?aeaeuaiiy
?o i?oe-iino?, ui ia o?eueee ca?eueoo? iaae?ei?noue ? aeiaaia?/i?noue
iaoaeiae?ia?a, aea ? ciai-oo? ?o iaoaei?ii?noue. E??i oiai, i?e
ae?iaieoeoa? e??ieeueieo ae?ia?a aaaeeeao ?ieue a?ae?a?athoue oae?
oaeoi?e, ye eiao?oe??io aeei?enoaiiy iaoaeo ? ieoii? aeo?aoe i?aoe? ?
aia?a??, ui ? iaea?eueo iioeiaeueieie i?e canoinoaaii? cania?a
oieiaeiiai aeaeaaethaaiiy ? aenaaeee.

Aenieii?oei? e??ieeuei? ae?iae ae?aiao?ii aei 12-16 ii cae/aeii
aeaioiaey-thoue c aoaeaoeaaeo noaeae c ai?noii aoaeaoeth 0,30-0,45 %
(AINO 1759), a ae?aiao?ii aei 30 ii ? a?eueo – c noaeae, eaaiaaieo
e?aii??i, o?iiii, i?eaeai, iie?aaeaiii, aaiaae??i ? ?ioeie aeaiaioaie
(AINO 22356).

Aeueoa?iaoeaiei oeyoii ?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa aenieii?oeiiai e??ieaiiy ?
?ic?iaea ? canoinoaaiiy ai?ai?nieo aoaeaoeaaeo ? iecueeieaaiaaieo
(aeiiiiiieaai-aaieo) noaeae ? i?ioean?a ?o oa?iiiaoai?/ii? ia?iaee
(OII), /iio i?enay/aia oey aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. a oiiaao Oe?a?ie ianiaa ae?iaieoeoai i?ieaoo c
noaeae 40O, 40OI, 38ON, 15OO, 30OI2IOA ? ?ioeo aeey ae?iaieoeoaa
aenieii?oeiiai e??ieaiiy e?i?oo?oueny aeao?oeeoii aei?iaeo eaaoth/eo
aeaiaio?a (o?iio, i?eaeth, aaiaae?th, iie?aaeaio oa ?i.) ?
iaaeinoaoiueith oaoiieia?/iith ieanoe/i?noth oeeo noaeae, ui aeiaaa?
i?iaaaeaiiy iii’yeooth/iai a?aeiaeo ia?aae eae?a?oaaiiyi i?ieaoo ?
noa?i?aeecoth/iai a?aeiaeo ia?aae oieiaeiith aenaaeeith e??ieaiiy.

Iae? aeiaaaee ai?o (0,001 – 0,005 %) aeyaeythoue oaeee aea aieea ia
i?iaa?oi-aoaai?noue noae?, yeee aeinyaa?oueny i?e eaaiaai? o?iiii,
ia?aaioeai aai i?eaeai a e?eueeino?, yea a 100 – 300 ?ac?a ia?aaeuo?
aeiaaaee ai?o. E??i oiai, iie?auaiiy i?iaa?oiaoaaiino? ai?ii aeicaiey?
i?e caa?aaeaii? ??aiy iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae aioiaeo ae?ia?a ciaioeoe
ai?no aoaeaoeth ? aeayeeo ?ioeo eaaoth/eo aeaiaio?a a noae?, caaaeyee
/iio i?aeaeuo?oueny oaoiieia?/ia ieanoe/i?noue i?ieaoo.

Aoaeoeaiith i?aaenoaaey?oueny oaeiae eiia?iaoe?y i?e?ieaaoaaiiy noae?
aeey aenieii?oeiiai e??ieaiiy ai?ii ? canoinoaaiiy oaeeo ?aaeei?a ??
OII, i?e yeeo caaacia/o?oueny io?eiaiiy ae??aiica?ienoi? no?oeoo?e i?ney
aa?y/i? i?ieaoee a aenieioaiia?aoo?iiio ?aaeei?, oiaoi aeua oaiia?aoo?e
ii/aoeo ?ae?enoae?caoe?? aonoai?oo. Ae??aiica?ienoa no?oeoo?a ni?ey?
i?aeaeuaiith oaoiieia?/ii? ieanoe/ii-no? ? eiiieaeno iaoai?/ieo ?
neoaeaiaeo oa?aeoa?enoee noae?.

Nia?aa?o?noue ae?iaieoeoaa noae? aeey aenieii?oeiiai e??ieaiiy, yea
aeeth/a? aeo?aoe ia i?e?ieaaoaaiiy ai?ii ? oa?iiiaoai?/io ia?iaeo c
i?ieaoiiai iaa??aai-iy, ?noioii ieae/a nia?aa?oino? ae?iaieoeoaa
o?aaeeoe?eii aeei?enoiaoaaieo aeey oeuei-ai noaeae, ui coiiaeaii
i?aeaeuaiei ai?noii a inoaiiueiio aeiaaeeo eaaoth/eo aeaiaio?a ?
iaiao?aei?noth i?iaaaeaiiy iii’yeooth/i? ? noa?i?aeecoth/i? oa?i?/ieo
ia?iaie c ie?aiiai iaa??aaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie ? ieaiaie.

?iaioa aeeiioaaeany o a?aeiia?aeiino? c i?ia?aiith AeEIOO 5.2. 11
«Oa?ii-iaoai?/ii ci?oeiaiee i?ieao» ? oaiaoe/iei ieaiii ?inoeoooo /i?ii?
iaoaeo?a?? IAI Oe?a?ie.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy. Anoaiiaeoe caeiiii??iino? no?oeoo?iooai?aiiy a
aeiii-iiieaaiaaieo ai?ai?nieo noaeyo, i?aeaeaieo ia?iaoe? ca
??ciiiai?oieie noaiaie ? ?aaeeiaie OII, ? ?ic?iaeoe ia ?oi?e iniia? iia?
oaoiieia?/i? ??oaiiy, iai?aaeai? ia i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? noaeae aeey
aenieii?oeieo e??ieeueieo ae?ia?a.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. Anoaiiaeoe caeaaei?noue aaee/eie aonoai?oiiai ca?ia a
aeiiiiiieaaiaaieo ai?ai?nieo noaeyo a?ae ia?aiao??a OII i?e
eiio?ieueiaai?e i?ieaooe? ? eiio?ieueiaaiiio ioieiaeaeaii?.

2. Aea/eoe e?iaoeeo ia?aoai?aiue aonoai?oo aeiiiiiieaaiaaieo ai?ai?nieo
noaeae i?e ??cieo oaeaeeinoyo aacia?a?aiiai ioieiaeaeaiiy.

3. Anoaiiaeoe oa?aeoa? ?iciiae?eo ai?o a no?oeoo?? aeiiiiiieaaiaaieo
ai?ai?nieo noaeae a caeaaeiino? a?ae ai?noo aoaeaoeth.

4. Aecia/eoe i?iaa?oiaai?noue aeiiiiiieaaiaaieo ai?ai?nieo noaeae ?
iaa?oioo-aaoe cai?io aaciaeo noaeae ca oeei iieacieeii.

5. ?ic?iaeoe ii?iaoeaii-oaoi?/io aeieoiaioaoe?th ia ae?iaieoeoai
aeiiiiii-eaaiaaieo ai?ai?nieo noaeae.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. Aia?oa io?eiaii ii??aiyeuei? aeai? ii ?ae?enoae?caoe??
aonoai?oo aeiiiiiieaaiaaieo ai?ai?nieo noaeae i?e eiio?ieueiaaiiio
ioieiaeaeai-i? i?ney aenieioaiia?aoo?ii? (1050 0N) aeaoi?iaoe?? ?
eiio?ieueiaaii? i?ieaoee i?e oaiia?aoo?ao 950, 900, 850 ? 800 0N
cacaeaeaa?aeue iaa??oeo aei 1100 0N c?ace?a. Iiea-caii, ui i?e
eiio?ieueiaaiiio ioieiaeaeaii? aonoai?oia ca?ii iaioiai ?ici??o
oi?io?oueny a a?eueo oe?ieiio ?ioa?aae? oaiia?aoo?, aeaoi?iaoe?e ?
aeaea?aeie, i?ae i?e eiio?ieueiaai?e i?ieaooe?. Oea coiiaeaii
i?ioiaeaeaiiyi a ia?oiio aeiaaeeo i?ioean?a aeeiai?/ii?
?ae?enoae?caoe??, ??cei cae??aithth/eo aeo?aeia (ii/aoeiaa) aonoai?oia
ca?ii, a a ae?oaiio aeiaaeeo – ia?aaaaeii i?ioean?a noaoe/ii?
?ae?enoae?-caoe??, aoaeoeai?noue cae??aiaiiy aonoai?oiiai ca?ia i?e yeeo
c?inoa? c i?aeaeuaiiyi oaiia?aoo?e aeaoi?iaoe??.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui ci?ithaaiiy aaee/eie aonoai?oiiai ca?ia ii i???
cieaeaiiy oaiia?aoo?e eiai ?cioa?i?/ii? aeo?eiee, ye i?e
eiio?ieueiaaiiio ioieiaeaeaii?, oae ? i?e eiio?ieueiaai?e i?ieaooe?,
caeaaeeoue a?ae iaoeneoaaiiy i?e i?ieaooe?: i?e iaeeo iaoeneao i?ioeane
ci?ithaaiiy aaee/eie aonoai?oiiai ca?ia i?iyaeythoueny a?eueo ?noioii,
i?ae i?e aaeeeeo.

Iieacaii, ui o?ii ? ia?aaiaoeue aeyaeythoue ??ciee aieea ia i?ioeane
?ae?e-noae?caoe?? a ai?ai?nieo noaeyo i?e eiio?ieueiaaiiio ioieiaeaeaii?
? eiio?ieueiaai?e i?ieaooe?: a ia?aaioeaaenoeo noaeyo i?e ?ioeo ??aieo
oiiaao aaee/eia aonoai?oiiai ca?ia a 2- 2,5 ?ace a?eueoa, i?ae a
o?iienoeo. Oea coiiaeaii a?eueoei aieeaii o?iio ia cieaeaiiy aia?a??
aeaoaeoo oiaeoaaiiy, i?ae ia?aaioeth.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?aeaeuaiiy ai?noo aoaeaoeth a ai?ai?nieo noaeyo
i?eaiaeeoue aei ca?eueoaiiy ye ?ici??o /anoeiie ai?eae?a, ui
aeae?eythoueny ii a?aieoeyo aonoai?-oieo ca?ai, oae ? e?eueeino?
ea?aiai?eae?a a aaoaeoi?ae?, aiane?aeie /iai eiioeaio?aoe?y ai?o a
oaa?aeiio ?ic/ei? cieaeo?oueny.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Ia iniia? aenia?eiaioaeueii anoaiiaeaieo caeiiii??iinoae
no?oeoo?iooai-?aiiy a aeiiiiiieaaiaaieo ai?ai?nieo noaeyo, coiiaeaieo
aieeaii eaaoth/eo aeaiaio?a, noaiith ? ia?aiao?aie OII, ?ic?iaeaia
iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaia oaoii-eia?y oa?i?/ii? ia?iaee c i?ieaoiiai
iaa??aaiiy noaeae aeey aenieii?oeieo e??ieeue-ieo ae?ia?a.

?aeiiaiaeiaaia noaia ? ia?aiao?e OII i?ieaoo c aeiiiiiieaaiaaieo
ai?ai?nieo noaeae, a oaeiae ii?iaoeai? aeiiae aei ieo aianai?
a?aeiia?aeii a IO? 228-53-93 «Iane??cia oaoiieia?/ia ?ino?oeoe?y ii
ae?iaieoeoao ai?ai?nieo noaeae ? i?ieaoo aeey oieiaeii? aenaaeee» ? OO
14-228-139-92 «I?ieao aa?y/aeaoaiee ? eae?-a?iaaiee c eaaiaaii?
eiino?oeoe?eii? ai?ai?nii? noae?».

Ii eiiia?aoe?? eiia?iao «E?eai??aenoaeue» – Einoyioei?anueeee
iaoaeo?a?eiee caaiae – Ae?oaee?anueeee iaoeciee caaiae, a oaeiae
eiia?iao «E?eai??aenoaeue» – caaiae «Aaoiii?iaeue», aei?iaoaaia
iane??cia oaoiieia?y ae?iaieoeoaa aenieii?oeiiai e??ieaiiy (aieo?a I14 ?
I24) eean?a i?oeiino? 8.8 ? 10. 9.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a.

A aeena?oaoe?? ia aeei?enoai? ?aea? ni?a?ia?oiee?a, ui ni?eyee
aeeiiaiith ?iaioe. I?e i?iaaaeaii? aeine?aeaeaiue, ?acoeueoaoe yeeo
iioae?eiaai? a ni?aaaoi?noa?, aaoi?ii aeena?oaoe?? cae?eniaii ieaioaaiiy
eaai?aoi?ieo ? i?iieneiaeo aenia?eiaio?a, aiae?c ? ocaaaeueiaiiy
?acoeueoao?a, ii?aoethaaiiy ?iaeaia?ieo ??oaiue oa o/anoue o
i?iaaaeaii? aeine?ae?a ? ai?iaaaeaeaii? ?ic?iaie a i?aeoeeo.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeeny ?
iaaiai?thaaeeny ia: i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? «Aei 90-??//y c aeiy
ia?iaeaeaiiy aeaaeai?ea E. O. Noa?iaeo-aiaa» (i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1994
?.); i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? «I?iaeaie no/anii-ai iaoa??aeiciaanoaa»
(i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1997 ?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iioae?eiaai? a 5-oe
iaoeiaeo noaooyo.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, 8
?icae?e?a ? aeniiae?a. Iiaiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? 128 noi??iie, aiia
i?noeoue 37 iaethie?a,

16 oaaeeoeue, nienie aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae c 95
iaeiaioaaiue.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Noai oai??? ? oaoiieia?? oaiia?aoo?ii-aeaoi?iaoe?eii? ia?iaee noaeae
aeey aenieii?oeieo e??ieeueieo ae?ia?a

Ia iniia? aiae?co ? ocaaaeueiaiiy iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? aeyaeai?
iniiai? aeiiae aei noae? aeey oieiaeiiai ia’?iiiai ooaiioaaiiy (OIO).
Oae, ii?yae c ii?iaoeaieie aeiiaaie AINO 10702 aei aaee/eie aeaoi?iaoe??
i?e oieiaei?e inaaeoe? (a?oie 50, 66, 75), i?oeiinoieo ? ieanoe/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee aaaeeeaei e?eoa-???i ? a?aeiioaiiy iaae? oaeo/ino? aei
iaae? i?oeiino?, yea ia iiaeiii ia?aaeuoaaoe 0,65 aeey ooaiioaaiiy
aeaoaeae ?c neeaaeiith eiio?ao?aoe??th ? 0,70- ?c ii??aiyeueii i?inoith
eiio?ao?aoe??th.

Iaei??th c iniiaieo aeiia, ye? i?aae’yaeythoueny aei noae? aeey OIO,
aaaaeathoue io?eiaiiy, a noai? i?ney aa?y/i? i?ieaoee, aeanoeainoae, ui
caaacia/othoue i?iaa-aeaiiy i?ii?aeii? ia?iaee – eae?a?iaee aac
iii’yeooth/iai a?aeiaeo, aeey /iai noaeue ia?aae eae?a?iaeith iiaeiia
iaoe oaa?ae?noue ia aeua 207-230 IA.

Iiooe oeyo?a ca?eueoaiiy i?oeiino? e??ieeueieo ae?ia?a iei? aaaeaoueny a
ianooiieo iai?yieao: ?ic?iaea iiaeo, a?eueo aoaeoeaieo ia?ie noae?,
aeei?e-noaiiy oa?i?/iiai ci?oeiaiiy iaoaeo, canoinoaaiiy i?ioean?a OII ?
aeaoi?iaoe?e-iiai ci?oeiaiiy iaoaeo.

A ca?oa?aei?e ? a iaio?e i??? a a?o/eciyi?e iaoaeo?a?? ana a?eueo oe?iea
?iciianthaeaeaiiy iaea?aeothoue i?e?ieaaiaai?, cie?aia, ai?ii noae?, ye?
canoiniao-thoue aeey aeaioiaeaiiy e??ieeueieo ae?ia?a eean?a 8.8-12.9.
I?e?ieaaoaaiiy noaeae ai?ii a?aee?eaa? iia? iiaeeeaino? aeey io?eiaiiy
aeiiiiiieaaiaaieo noaeae, aenieoaoaoe?ei? oa?aeoa?enoeee yeeo a
aaaaoueio aeiaaeeao ia o?eueee ia iinooia-thoueny, aea ? ia?aaaaeathoue
??aaiue aeanoeainoae noaeae, iaea?aeoaaieo c canoinoaai-iyi
o?aaeeoe?eieo nenoai eaaoaaiiy.

A ca’yceo c aeeeaaeaiei aeua a ?iaio? aecia/ai? ianooii? iai?yiee
aeine?aeaeaiue:

— ?ic?iaeoe aeiiiiiieaaiaai? noae? c ai?ii aeey aenieii?oeiiai e??ieaiiy
eean?a 8.8 – 12.9;

— anoaiiaeoe caeiiii??iino? ci?ithaaiiy aaee/eie aonoai?oiiai ca?ia
ai?ai?n-ieo noaeae a caeaaeiino? a?ae noaie ?
oaiia?aoo?ii-aeaoi?iaoe?eieo ia?aiao??a OII;

— aea/eoe e?iaoeeo ia?aoai?aiue aonoai?oo aeiiiiiieaaiaaieo ai?enoeo
noaeae i?e aacia?a?aiiio ioieiaeaeaii?;

— aecia/eoe oaoiieia?/io ieanoe/i?noue ? eiiieaen neoaeaiaeo
aeanoeainoae aeiiiiiieaaiaaieo ai?enoeo noaeae;

— ?ic?iaeoe iane??cio oaoiieia?th ae?iaieoeoaa aenieii?oeiiai e??ieaiiy
eean?a 8.8-12.9 c ai?ai?nieo noaeae.

Iaoa??ae ? iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiue

O a?aeiia?aeiino? c aea?aieie iai?yieaie aeine?aeaeaiue a ?iaio?
iaa?oioiaaia ?ic?iaea ?aiaeiaaiiai ?yaeo aoaeaoeaaeo ? aeiiiiiieaaiaaieo
ia?ie noae? (oaae. 1), iaoaeo?a?ei?, oaoiieia?/i?, iaoai?/i? ?
iaoaeio?ce/i? aeanoeaino? yeeo aoee iioei?ciaai? canoinoaaiiyi iaoeiai
iaa?oioiaaieo oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a i?e ae?iaieoeoa? aenieii?oeieo
e??ieeueieo ae?ia?a.

Oaaeeoey 1

Ia?ee ? o?i?/iee neeaae ai?ai?nieo aeine?aeaeoaaieo noaeae

Ia?ea coae?Ai?no o?i?/ieo aeaiaio?a, % ian.CMnSiSPCrAlTiB20?0,24 0,58
0,32 0,0250,010 0,020,050,030,00430?0,32 0,79 0,38 0,0310,019
0,040,050,030,00435?0,35 0,70 0,32 0,0270,013 0,050,050,050,00420A2?0,21
1,16 0,33 0,0210,024 0,080,040,040,00330A1?0,27 1,17 0,28 0,0350,026
0,040,050,040,00335A1?0,33 1,12 0,29 0,0340,021
0,060,050,030,00330O?0,30 0,72 0,32 0,0300,020
1,010,050,030,00226OA?0,231,220,240,0250,0170,680,0090,010,004Aieea noai
? ?aaeei?a OII ia ?ae?enoae?caoe?th aonoai?oo a noaeyo 20A2?, 30A1?,
35A1?, 30O? ? 26OA? aea/aee ia eeeiiaeaeieo c?aceao ?ici??ii 7o14o90
ii.

Eeeiiaeaei? c?acee i?aeaeaaaee aonoai?caoe?? i?e oaiia?aoo?? 1100 0N
i?ioyaii 30 oa. Ia eaai?aoi?iiio noai? AeOI-300 cae?enithaaee i?ieaoeo ?
OII ca ianooiie-ie noaiaie ? ?aaeeiaie:

1. Eiio?ieueiaaia ioieiaeaeaiiy (EI): i?ieaoea ?c na?aaeiueith
oaeaee?noth aea-oi?iaoe?? 130 n-1 i?e oaiia?aoo?? 1050 0N c?ace?a,
cacaeaeaa?aeue iaa??oeo aei 1100 0N ; ?cioa?i?/ia aeo?eiea a nieyi?e
aaii? i?e oaiia?aoo?ao 950, 900, 850 ? 800 0N .

2. Eiio?ieueiaaia i?ieaoea (EI): ioieiaeaeaiiy a nieyi?e aaii? aei
oaiia?aoo? 950, 900, 850 ? 800 0N c?ace?a, cacaeaeaa?aeue iaa??oeo aei
1100 0N; i?ieaoea ?c na?aae-iueith oaeaee?noth aeaoi?iaoe?? 130 n-1 ?
ianooiia ?cioa?i?/ia aeo?eiea i?e oaiia?a-oo?ao 950, 900, 850 ? 800 0N.

Aeo?eieo aa?y/aaeaoi?iiaaieo ca oeeie noaiaie c?ace?a i?e oaiia?aoo?ao
950, 900, 850 ? 800 0N cae?enithaaee i?ioyaii 10, 100 ? 1000 n.
Aaciina?aaeiuei i?ney aeaoi?iaoe?? ? caaa?oaiiy ?cioa?i?/ii? aeo?eiee
c?acee i?aeaeaaaee aa?ooaaiith o aiae? aeey o?enaoe?? ? aecia/aiiy
aaee/eie ca?ia, yea a?aeiia?aeaea eiie?aoiiio noo-iaith aa?y/i?
aeaoi?iaoe?? iaoaeo.

I?iaa?oiaai?noue aeine?aeieo noaeae aecia/aee caniaii oi?oeaaiai aa?oo
ca AINO 5657, a iaoai?/i? ?nieoe i?e ?icoyc? ? aei??thaaiiy oaa?aeino?
ca AINO 1497 ? AINO 9013.

Aea/aiiy e?iaoeee oaciaeo ia?aoai?aiue aonoai?oo ai?enoeo noaeae i?e
aacia?a?aiiio ioieiaeaeaii? i?iaiaeeee ia oi?aa?naeueiiio ae?eaoiiao??
«805» o??ie «BAER-GERA-TEBAV».

Ioe?ieo ia?aiao??a aeaoi?iaoe?eiiai ci?oeiaiiy i?e ?icoyc? c?ace?a c
aeine?ae-aeoaaieo noaeae cae?enithaaee ia aei?iaoaaeuei?e iaoei?
«Instron» c ia?iaeith ?acoeueoao?a ia IAII.

?iciiae?e ai?o a no?oeoo?? noae? ia?ie 20?, 30? ? 35? aea/aee caniaii
o?aeiai? ?aae?ia?ao??, caniiaaiei ia o?enaoe?? niaoe?aeueieie
iie?ia?ieie aeaoaeoi-?aie ne?ae?a a?ae -/anoeiie, ye? aeieeathoue a?ae
aca?iiae?? ?cioiio ai?o A10 a no?o-eoo?? noae? c oaieiaeie iaeo?iiaie.

Ioe?ieo noeeueiino? aeine?aeieo noaeae aei niia?eueiaiiai ?oeioaaiiy
i?iaiaeeee ca AINO 25.506, canoiniaoth/e noaio o?ueiooi/eiaiai
aeaeiaiiy.

I?e?ino?oeoo?o noae? aeine?aeaeoaaee caniaaie na?oeiai? i?e?ineii?? ia
i?e?ineii? «Neophot-32».

?ic?iaea ?aiaeiaaiiai ?yaeo aoaeaoeaaeo ? aeiiiiiieaaiaaieo noaeae c
ai?ii aeey aenieii?oeiiai e??ieaiiy

C aiae?co ca?oa?aeieo noaiaea?o?a aecia/ai? ianooii? noae?-aiaeiae aeey
?ic?i-aee ?aiaeiaaiiai ?yaeo aoaeaoeaaeo (a) ? aeiiiiiieaaiaaieo (a)
ai?ai?nieo noaeae:

a) NA20AG1; NA28A; NA35A – ii ISO 4954 ? 22A2; 28A2; 35A2 – ii DIN 1654;

a) NA20AG2; 35MnA5A; 37CrA1A – ii ISO 4954.

Noae?-aiaeiae i?noyoue iniiai? eaaoth/? aeaiaioe a ianooiieo iaaeao, %:
aoaeaoeue – 0,17 – 0,41; ia?aaiaoeue – 0,50 – 1,40; e?aii?e – ia a?eueoa
0,40; o?ii – 0,20 – 0,40; ai? – 0,0008 – 0,005.

Oae? noae? i?ney ci?oeithth/i? oa?i?/ii? ia?iaee caaacia/othoue
io?eiaiiy oei/aniaiai iii?o ?ic?eao 800 – 1400 I/ii2 a ae?iaao
ae?aiao?ii aei 40 ii.

O a?aeiia?aeiino? c ca?oa?aeieie noaeyie-aiaeiaaie ?ic?iaeaii
?aiaeiaaiee ?yae aoaeaoeaaeo ? aeiiiiiieaaiaaieo ai?ai?nieo noaeae: 20?,
30?, 35? (OO 14-228-35-91); 20A2?, 30A1?, 35A1?, 30O? (OO 14-228-139-92)
? 26OA? (OO 14-1-3672-90).

A ?aiaeiaaiiio ?yae? aoaeaoeaaeo ? aeiiiiiieaaiaaieo ai?ai?nieo noaeae
iniiai? eaaoth/? aeaiaioe ii?iiaai? a ianooiieo iaaeao, %: aoaeaoeue –
0,18 – 0,39; ia?aaiaoeue – 0,50 – 1,60; e?aii?e – 0,17-0,37; o?ii –
0,25-1,10; ai? – 0,001 – 0,005.

Aeoiaey/e c na?aaei?o cia/aiue i?iaa?oiaaiino? i?e oi?oeaaiio aa?o?
ca?oa?ae-ieo noaeae-aiaeia?a, ?ic?aoiaai? e?eoe/i? ae?aiao?e e??ieaiiy
eean?a i?oeiino? 8.8 – 12.9 c ?ic?iaeaiiai ?yaeo ai?ai?nieo noaeae,
oaae. 2.

Oaaeeoey 2

?ic?aooieia? cia/aiiy e?eoe/ieo ae?aiao??a (de?) e??ieaiiy eean?a
i?oeiino? 8.8 – 12.9 c ?ic?iaeaiiai ?yaeo ai?ai?nieo noaeae

Ia?eaEean i?oeiino?*noae?8.810.912.9de? ,
ii20?34/2029/1213/330?43/2534/1924/935?48/3342/2834/1920A2?38/2533/1818/
530A1?43/2534/1924/935A1?65/4655/3944/2830O?57/4149/3337/2126OA?55/4048/
3236/20? A /enaeueieeo – aa?o o aiae?, a ciaiaiieeo – a iane?.

Aieea noai ? oaiia?aoo?ii-aeaoi?iaoe?eieo ia?aiao??a OII ia oi?ioaaiiy
aonoai?oiiai ca?ia ai?ai?nieo noaeae

Caaaeuei? caeiiii??iino? oi?ioaaiiy aonoai?oiiai ca?ia ai?ai?nieo noaeae
a caeaaeiino? a?ae noaie ? oaiia?aoo?ii-aeaoi?iaoe?eieo ia?aiao??a OII
(EI ? EI) aea/aee oeyoii iiaoaeiae ae?aa?ai ?ae?enoae?caoe?? ae?oaiai
oeio ? a?aeiia?aeieo ?i ae?aa?ai ?cica?aiieo aaee/ei aonoai?oiiai ca?ia.

?ioa?aaee ci?ithaaiiy oaiia?aoo?ii-aeaoi?iaoe?eieo ? oei/aniaeo
ia?aiao??a EI ? EI aeey caaeaieo ?ioa?aae?a ci?ithaaiiy aonoai?oiiai
ca?ia a ai?enoeo noaeyo iaaaaeai? a oaae. 3 ? 4.

?c aiae?co ae?aa?ai ?ae?enoae?caoe?? aonoai?oo (oaae. 3 ? 4) aeieeaa?,
ui i?e EI a?eueo iaeiicia/ii aeyaey?oueny caeiiii??iee aieea ca?eueoaiiy
iaoene?a ia cae??a-iaiiy aonoai?oiiai ca?ia i?e an?o aeine?aeaeoaaieo
oaiia?aoo?ao ?cioa?i?/ii? aeo-?eiee. Oea coiiaeaii ?aeaioe/i?noth
aeo?aeii? no?oeoo?e aonoai?oo i?e EI, yea ooai-?th?oueny a ?acoeueoao?
aeeiai?/ii? ?ae?enoae?caoe?? i?e 1050 0N.

I?e EI caeaaei?noue aaee/eie aonoai?oiiai ca?ia a?ae ia?aiao??a ia?iaee
ia? a?eueo neeaaeiee oa?aeoa?, i?ae i?e EI. Oae, c e?iaoe/ii? e?eai?
?ae?enoae?caoe?? aonoai?oo aeieeaa?, ui i?e EI i?e oaiia?aoo?? 800 0N
i?ioeane aeeiai?/ii? ? noaoe/ii? ?ae?enoae?caoe?? ia a?aeaoaathoueny ?
oiio aeayea cae??aiaiiy aeo?aaethaaieo ia’?i?a noae? (noano?oeoo?e),
aaciina?aaeiuei i?ney aa?y/i? aeaoi?iaoe??, coiiaeaii, iaaooue,
i?ioiaeaeaiiyi aeeiai?/ii? iie?aii?caoe??. Oaeiai oeio no?oeoo?a a noae?
i?e i?neyaeaoi?iaoe?eieo aeo?eieao ii/eia? oe?oiithaaoenue. Ciaioaiiy
aaee/eie

Oaaeeoey 3

?ioa?aaee ci?ie oaiia?aoo?ii-aeaoi?iaoe?eieo ? oei/aniaeo ia?aiao??a EI
aeey caaeaieo ?ioa?aae?a ci?ithaaiiy aonoai?oiiai ca?ia a ai?enoeo
noaeyo

Ia?ea noae? ?ioa?aae ci?ithaaiiy aonoai?oiiai ca?ia, ieiIeiua ia
ae?aa?ai? ?cica?aieo aaee/ei aonoai?oiiai ca?ia,%Nooi?iue
aeaoi?ia-oe??,%?ioa?aae oaiia?aoo?, 0N*an aeo?eiee ,
n26OA?30–451024–36865–9501030–452122–36840–95010035–451025–36860–9501000
30O?15–45513–36830–9501025–453715–36845–95010020–453210–36850–950100020A
2?45–50238–40825–8671030–501420–40870–95010025–502812–40820–950100030A1?
30–451313,4880–9501035–452726,8810–95010035–453434,1800–950100035A1?30–4
51223–36880–9501030–452216–36885–95010030–451030–36800–9501000aeo?aaetha
aieo ia’?i?a noae? i?e ?cioa?i?/i?e aeo?eioe? a?eueo 100 n i?e
oaiia?a-oo?? 800 0N coiiaeaia ii/aoeii ia?aoai?aiiy. I?e oaiia?aoo?ao
aeaoi?iaoe?? 850, 900 ? 950 0N i?ioeane aeeiai?/ii? ?ae?enoae?caoe??
oaeiae ia aoee cao?eniaai?. Oiio iiaeia i?eionoeoe, ui i?e icia/aieo
oaiia?aoo?ao oaeiae ?icaeaathoueny i?ioeane aeeiai?/ii? iie?aii?caoe??,
a i?e ianooii?e ?cioa?i?/i?e aeo?eioe? – i?ioeane noaoe/ii?
?ae?enoae?caoe??.

Iniaeea?noth i?ioeano EI ? iayai?noue a no?oeoo?? noae? aaciina?aaeiuei
i?ney aa?y/i? aeaoi?iaoe?? aaeeeeo aeoyaiooeo (eiao?oe??io oi?ie 3: 1)
ca?ai aonoai?oo, ui i?e noaoe/i?e ?ae?enoae?caoe?? cae??aiththoueny a
aeaa ? a?eueoa ?ac?a.

I?e EI i?ioeane noaoe/ii? ?ae?enoae?caoe?? i?ioiaeyoue a?eueo ieyai o
ii??a-iyii? c EI ? ia iathoue /?oei? oaiia?aoo?ii? caeaaeiino? aeey
aeine?aeaeoaaieo noaeae. Oea coiiaeaii a?eueo aenieith oaiia?aoo?ith
aeaoi?iaoe?? i?e EI, a ?acoeueoao? /iai iaeiie/aia aia?a?y a iaoae? ?,
a?aeiia?aeii, noeioe aei no?oeoo?iiai ci?ithaaiiy ciaioothoueny.

A ia?aaioeaaenoeo noaeyo i?e ?ioeo ??aieo oiiaao aaee/eia aonoai?oiiai
ca?ia a 2-2. 5 ?ace a?eueoa, i?ae a o?iienoeo. Oea coiiaeaii a?eueoei
aieeaii o?i-

io ia aaeueioaaiiy i?ioean?a naiiaeeooc?? cae?ca o ii??aiyii? c
ia?aaioeai.

Oaaeeoey 4

?ioa?aaee ci?ie oaiia?aoo?ii-aeaoi?iaoe?eieo ? oei/aniaeo ia?aiao??a EI
aeey caaeaieo ?ioa?aae?a ci?ithaaiiy aonoai?oiiai ca?ia a ai?enoeo
noaeyo

Ia?ea noae? ?ioa?aae ci?ithaaiiy aonoai?oiiai ca?ia, ieiIeiua ia
ae?aa?ai? ?cica?aiieo aaee/ei aonoai?oiiai ca?ia,%Nooi?iue
aeaoi?ia-oe??,%?ioa?aae oaiia?aoo?, 0N*an aeo?eiee,
n26OA?30–452614–36800–9501040–452419–36800–95010030–453014–36800–9501000
30O?20–453918–36800–9501025–45433–36800–95010015–45923–36800–950100020A2
?30–50633–36800–9501030–505712–36800–95010030–505611–36800–950100030A1?3
5–455313–36800–9501030–454815–36800–95010030–45515–36800–950100035A1?35–
453325–36800–9001035–452925–36800–95010045–404813–36800–9501000

E?iaoeea oaciaeo ia?aoai?aiue a noaeyo 20A2? ? 30A1? i?e aacia?a?aiiio
ioieiaeaeaii?

I?e aiae?c? iiaoaeiaaieo oa?iie?iaoe/ieo ae?aa?ai ai?ai?nieo noaeae
anoaiiaeaii: aeey noae? 20A2? e?eoe/ia oaeaee?noue ioieiaeaeoaaiiy
neeaaea? 520N/n, a ia?oaineoiee ?ioa?aae (Ii – Ie) – 1550N; aeey noae?
35A1? a?aeiia?aei? oa?aeoa?e-noeee aei??aiththoue 250N/n ? 2050N. Oe?
aeai? na?ae/aoue i?i a?eueoo i?iaa?oiaai?noue noae? 35A1? o ii??aiyii?
c? noaeeth 20A2?, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeaii aenia?eiaioaeueii.

I?e oaeaeeinoyo ioieiaeaeaiiy iaioa e?eoe/ieo aonoai?o noae? 20A2?
ii/eia? ?iciaaeaoeny c ooai?aiiyi oa?eoo, a noae? 35A1? — aaei?oo. I?e
oeueiio a?aeiia?aeii ooai?ththoueny oa?eoi-aaei?oi-ia?oaineoi? ?
aaei?oi-ia?oaineoi? no?oe-oo?e. I?e iiaeaeueoiio cieaeaii? oaeaeeinoae
ioieiaeaeaiiy a iaio noaeyo ooai?th?oueny oa?eoi-ia?e?oia no?oeoo?a.

Noae? 20A2? ? 35A1? iathoue o ii??aiyii? c aoaeaoeaaeie noaeyie aenieo
aaei?oio ? ia?eeoio i?iaa?oiaai?noue, ui ? iiceoeaiei caeiaooeii oeeo
noaeae. ?c ca?eueoaiiyi ai?noo aoaeaoeth iaeanoue aaei?oiiai
ia?aoai?aiiy iioe?th?oueny ca oaiia?aoo?iith ? oei/aniaith oeaeaie.
Oaiia?aoo?ia iaaea e?ioey i?ii?aeiiai ia?aoai?aiiy a iaio noaeyo ii i???
cieaeaiiy oaeaeeino? ioieiaeaeaiiy ci?uo?oueny a iaeanoue a?eueo
iecueeeo oaiia?aoo?, ui coiiaeaii caaaa/aiiyi aoaeaoeai iaia?aoai?aiiai
a aaei?oi?e iaeano? aonoai?oo ? iiieaeaiiyi aiane?aeie oeueiai oi/ee Ii.

Aecia/aiiy eiiieaeno oaoiieia?/ieo ? neoaeaiaeo oa?aeoa?enoee ai?enoeo
noaeae

Ia?aiao?e aeaoi?iaoe?eiiai ci?oeiaiiy ? a?aie/ii? ieanoe/iino? ai?enoeo
noaeae, iaiao?aei? i?e ?ic?iaoe? oaoiieia?? OIO, aea/aee ia noaeyo 20A2?
? 30A1? a ii??aiyii? c o?aaeeoe?eii aeei?enoiaoaaieie noaeyie 35 naeaeo
? 38OAII.

Iiaoaeiaa ? aiae?c ?noeiieo ae?aa?ai ?icoyao aeine?aeaeoaaieo noaeae
iieacaee, ui ai?eno? noae? iathoue iaio? cia/aiiy i?oeiinoieo
oa?aeoa?enoee ? eiao?oe??io?a aeaoi?iaoe?eiiai ci?oeiaiiy o ii??aiyii? c
canoiniaoaaieie a iei?oi?e /an aeey ae-?iaieoeoaa aenieii?oeiiai
e??ieaiiy noaeyie. A ca’yceo c oeei ai?eno? noae? iathoue iaioee ii??
aeaoi?iaoe?? i?e eae?a?iaoe? ? OIO e??ieeueieo ae?ia?a.

Aeey an?o aeine?aeaeoaaieo noaeae oa?aeoa?ii ca?eueoaiiy a?aie/ii?
ieanoe/ii-no? (?p) ?c ciaioaiiyi iieacieea iai?oaeaiiai noaio (/O).
Ieanoe/i?noue iaoaeo i?e /O = 0, ui aecia/a?oueny eiao?oe??ioii , a
oaeiae ?ioaineai?noue ci?ithaaiiy oe??? ieanoe/iino?, a caeaaeiino? a?ae
/O, yea oa?aeoa?eco?oueny eiao?oe??ioii , caeaaeaoue a?ae o?i?/iiai
neeaaeo ? no?oeoo?e noae?. Oae, a aeiaaeeo ?nieoo c?ace?a ia ?icoya
(=-1) iaea?eueoa cia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioa ia? noaeue 30A1?. Aeae? ca
nooia-iai ciaioaiiy cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeoaai? noae? aeoeeiaothoueny a
ianooiiee ?yae: 35 naeaeo, 20A2?, 38OAII. I?e oeueiio oaii iaae?iiy
a?aie/ii? ieanoe/iino? ?c c?inoaiiyi iieacieea iai?oaeaiiai noaio /O
aeey noae? 30A1? ia? e?i?eiee oa?aeoa? ? i?eaeecii a aea?/? ia?aaaaea?
oaii iaae?iiy ?p noae? 38OAII.

Ciaioaiiy aei?noeino? ?nieo?a (?= 0 – e?o/aiiy) ci?ith? oa?aeoa?
caeaae-iino?: aeey an?o aeine?aeaeoaaieo noaeae icia/aia ooieoe?y ia?
e?i?eiee oa?aeoa? i?e i?aeoe/ii iaci?iiiio oaiaain? eooa iaoeeo; ii i???
ciaioaiiy aeine?aeaeai? noae? aeoeeiaothoueny a ianooiiee ?yae: 20A2?,
35 naeaeo, 30A1?, 38OAII.

Oaeei /eiii, ai?ai?ni? noae? ca ??aiai oaoiieia?/ii? ieanoe/iino?
ia?aaa-aeathoue na?aaeiueieaaiaaio noaeue 38OAII, iathoue iaioee
eiao?oe??io aeaoi?iaoe?e-iiai ci?oeiaiiy ?, ioaea, aeei?enoaiiy ?o
cai?noue noae? 38OAII i?e ae?iaieoeoa? aenieii?oeieo e??ieeueieo ae?ia?a
ni?ey? cieaeaiith iii?o aeaoi?iaoe?? i?e eae?a?o-aaii? ? i?aeaeuaiith
no?eeino? oieiaeiiaenaaeaeoaaeueiiai ?ino?oiaioo.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao oaiia?aoo?e aonoaieoecaoe?? (850 – 9000N) noaeae
20A2? ? 30A1?, oeio aa?ooaaeueiiai na?aaeiaeua (aiaea ? ianei) ?
oaiia?aoo?e a?aeioneo (200-500 0N) ia noeeuei?noue aei e?eoeiai
?oeioaaiiy ? ??aaiue i?oeiinoieo oa?aeoa?e-noee iieacaei, ui iaeaea?
noae? i?e an?o ?aaeeiao oa?i?/ii? ia?iaee aeyaeythoue cieaeaiiy oaea?ii?
a’yceino? (ENU) a ae?aiacii? oaiia?aoo? a?aeioneo 300-400 0N, coiiaeaia
a?aeioneiith e?eoe?noth, a oaa?ae?noue iiiioiiii cieaeo?oueny c
i?aeaeuai-iyi oaiia?aoo?e a?aeioneo. Iaoai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee ianooo?ai
caeaaeaoue a?ae oeio aa?ooaaeueiiai na?aaeiaeua, ui na?ae/eoue i?i
aeinyaiaiiy ia?oaineoii? i?iaa?oi-aaiino? ye o aiae?, oae ? a iane?.
Oaea?ia a’yce?noue noaeae i?aeoe/ii ia caeaaeeoue a?ae oaiia?aoo?e aa?oo
i?e ?? ci?ithaaii? a aeine?aeaeoaaieo iaaeao. Ai?eno? noae? 20A2? ?
30A1? a?aeiia?aeathoue eeanai i?oeiino? 8.8 ? 10.9 i?e ianooiieo
oaiia?aoo?ao a?aeioneo i?ney aa?oo:

Ia?ea noae?Eean i?oeiino?Oaiia?aoo?a a?aeioneo,
0N20A2?8.8450-50020A2?10.9400-45030A1?8.8500-55030A1?10.9450-500Ioe?ieo
iii?o aoiieaiino? noaeae 20A2? ? 30A1? i?iaiaeeee ia c?aceao,
oa?i?/iiia?iaeaieo ia eean i?oeiino? 10.9. Cieaeaiiy ai?noo aoaeaoeth a
noae? (i?e ia?aoiae? a?ae noae? 30A1? aei 20A2?) i?eaiaeeoue aei
cieaeaiiy ia 25-30% iii?o aoiieaiino? ? i?aeaeuaiith /ooeeaino? aei
eiioeaio?aoi?o iai?oae. Oea aeeeeeaii oei, ui ?c-ca a?eueo iecueei?
oaiia?aoo?e a?aeioneo a noae? 20A2? oi?io?oueny iaio ??aiiaaaeia
no?oeoo?a, i?ae a noae? 30A1?.

Ii??aiyeueia aea/aiiy noeeueiino? aei niia?eueiaiiai ?oeioaaiiy
iieacaei, ui /an aei ?oeioaaiiy i?e iaeiaeiaiio ??ai? eiao?oe??ioo
?ioaineaiino? iai?oa E1n noae? 30A1? o?ioe iaioee, i?ae noae? 20A2?.
Iaeiae ca ??aiai ii?iaiaiai eiao?oe??ioo ?ioaineaiino? iai?oa (90
IIai0,5) iaeaea? ia?ee noae? i?aeoe/ii ??aiioe?ii?.

?iciiae?e ai?o a no?oeoo?? noae? ii aenio? ceeaea

Caniaii o?aeiai? ?aae?ia?ao?? iieacaii, ui /anoeia iayaiiai a
aa?y/aeaoai?e noae? (20P ? 35P) ai?o aoiaeeoue a neeaae /anoeiie
iaaei??ieo ai?eaeieo oac, ui ooai?ththoue caieioo? eaioethaeee
aeae?eaiiy ii iaaeao eieeoi?o aonoai?oieo ca?ai. I?aeaeuaiee ai?no ai?o
a?aecia/aii oaeiae a yaoaeoi?ae?, aea a?i /anoeiai cai?ua? aoaeaoeue a
oeaiaioeo?.

Aoaeoeai?noue aieeao ai?o ia i?iaa?oiaoaai?noue noae? iia’ycaia c
?iciiae?eii eiai a no?oeoo?? noae? ii aenio? ceeaea. C
aaoi?aae?ia?ao?/iiai aiae?co aeieeaa?, ui oa?aeoa? ?iciiae?eo ai?o a
no?oeoo?? aieiaii? ? oeaio?aeueii? /anoei ceeaea i?aeoe/ii ?aeaioe/iee.
A aeiii?e /anoei? ceeaea ii iaaeao eieeoi?o aonoai?oieo ca?ai
aeae?ey?oueny iaioa e?euee?noue ai?eaeieo oac, i?ae a ?ioeo eiai
/anoeiao. Oea na?ae/eoue i?i cieaeaiiy ai?noo ai?o a aeiii?e /anoei?
ceeaea o ii??aiyii? ?c aieia-iith ? oeaio?aeueiith /anoeiaie.

?ic?aoiaai? caniaii e?euee?nii? ?aae?ia?ao?? cia/aiiy ai?noo ai?o ii
aenio? ceeae?a noaeae 20? ? 35? iaaaaeai? a oaae. 5.

Oaaeeoey 5

Ai?no ai?o ii aenio? ceeae?a ai?enoeo noaeae

Ia?ea noae?I?noea a?aeai?o i?ia a?ae /anoei ceeaea ii eiai aenio?Ai?no
ai?o,%Aieiaia0,003820?Na?aaeeia0,0036Aeiiia0,0032Aieiaia0,004835?Na?aaee
ia0,0046Aeiiia0,0041?iciiae?e ai?o a no?oeoo?? caaa?oiaaii? a?ae 930 0N
noae? 20? ??aiii??iee, ca?iia?aie/i? aeae?eaiiy ia niinoa??aathoueny. A
noae? 35?, caaa?oiaai?e a?ae 870 0N, /?oei aeaei? ca?iia?aie/i?
aeae?eaiiy ai?eaeieo oac, aeey ?ic/eiaiiy yeeo iio??aii i?aeaeuaiiy
oaiia?aoo?e aonoaieoecaoe??.

?ic?iaea iane??cii? oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa aenieii?oeiiai e??ieaiiy c
ai?ai?nieo noaeae

Aeey inai?iiy ae?iaieoeoaa ai?ai?nieo noaeae ? i?ieaoo c ieo aea?aee
nia-oe?ae?ciaaiee oaoiieia?/iee eiiieaen eiia?iaoo «E?eai??aenoaeue», ui
aeeth/a? eiiaa?oi?iee oeao ? 2, aethi?ia ? 3 ? aacia?a?aiee
ae??aiini?oiaee noai 250-6. I?e aeaioiaeaii? i?ieaoo ea?oaaeenue
aeiiaaie ?ic?iaeaieo OO 14-228-35-91, OO 14-228-139-92 ? iane??cii?
oaoiieia?/ii? ?ino?oeoe?? IO? 228-53-93, yeith ia?aaeaa-/ai? ia?iaea
noae? a eiao? ? caoeno no?oiaith iaoaeo, ui ?iceeaa?oueny, a?aiiii, a
oaeiae ?aaeaiaioiaai? ai?no aethi?i?th ? oeoaio (0,02 – 0,05 ?
0,01-0,05% a?aeii-a?aeii).

Ia ia?oiio aoai? aeaioiaeee aeine?aei? ia?o?? i?ieaoo c ai?ai?nii?
aoaeaoea-ai? noae? (20?, 30?, 35?), ia ae?oaiio – ?c noaeae c ai?ii ?
i?aeaeuaiei ai?noii ia?aaioeth ? o?iio (20A2?, 30A1?, 30O?). I?e
i?ieaooe? a iaoeneiaiio oeaoo aethie ca/euaee ia iaoei? aiaiaai?
ca/enoee, caaioiaeo ia?aoeiii 150o150 ii – ia iaaee?i/ii-oe?ooaaeueieo
aa?noaeao. Aeine?aei? ia?o?? caaioiaee i?ieaooaaee ia noai? 250-6 aei
ae?aiao??a: 15 ? 17 ii (noaeue 20?), 15 ii (noaeue 30?), 18 ii (noaeue
30O?), 19 ii (noae? 35?, 30A1? ? 35A1?) ? 23 ii (noaeue 20A2?).
Aa?y/aeaoaiee i?ieao, ui ia? ia aeoiae? ?c noaio oaiia?aoo?o 1050-1070
0N, i?aeaeaaaee EI ca ?aaeeiii: i?enei?aia ioieiaeaeaiiy aiaeith aei
800-850 0N ? ianooiia eaac??cioa?-i?/ia ioieiaeaeaiiy a aaeeeiaaioaaeieo
iioeao ia iia?o??. I?e oaeiio ?aaeei? EI a ai?enoeo noaeyo oi?ioaaeiny
ae??aia ae?enia ca?ii (? 6-8) ? ciaiooaaeiny ciaao-aeaoethaaiiy iiaa?oi?
(ia a?eueoa 1,3%).

Oaeoe/i? e?eoe/i? ae?aiao?e aeine?aeieo ai?enoeo noaeae (oaae. 6),
aecia/ai? a caeaaeiino? a?ae eeano i?oeiino? e??ieaiiy ? oeio
ioieiaeaeoth/iai na?aaeiaeua, a a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a aeecuee? aei
?ic?aooieiaeo cia/aiue e?eoe/ieo ae?aiao??a oeeo aea noaeae (oaae. 2).

Oaaeeoey 6

Oaeoe/i? cia/aiiy e?eoe/ieo ae?aiao??a (de?) e??ieeueieo ae?ia?a eean?a
i?oeiino? 8.8-12.9 c aeine?aeieo ai?enoeo noaeae

Ia?ea noae? Eean i?oeiino? e??ieaiiyde? *,
ii20?8.827/1230?10.933/1835?10.936/2120A2?8.842/2730A1?10.940/2535A1?12.
950/3430O?12.948/32? a /enaeueieeo – aa?o o aiae?, a ciaiaiieeo – a
iane?

C iaaaaeaieo a oaae. 6 aeaieo aeieeaa?, ui e?eoe/iee ae?aiao? ??cei
c?inoa? c i?aeaeuaiiyi ai?noo a ai?eno?e noae? aoaeaoeth, ia?aaioeth ?
o?iio ? aeinyaa? 48-50 ii i?e aa?o? o aiae?.

I?ney EI i?ieao aeine?aeieo ia?o?e aac iiia?aaeiueiai a?aeiaeo
i?aeaeaaaee oieiaeiiio aiei/?iith (eae?a?iaoe?) ia caaiaeao
«Aaoiii?iaeue» ? Einoyioei?anueeiio iaoaeo?a?eiiio c iaoeneaie 1,0-1,5
ii ii ae?aiao?o, a iio?i na?oeiio noa?i?aeeco-th/iio a?aeiaeo, ui
caaacia/o? nooi?iue noa?i?aeecaoe?? ea?a?ae?a 80-95%.

?c noaeae 20? ? 35? aoee aeaioiaeai? oa?iici?oeiai? aieoe I14 eean?a
i?oeiino? 8.8 ? 10.9 a?aeiia?aeii, a ?c noaeae 35A1? ? 30O? – aieoe I24
eeano i?oeiino? 10.9.

Eaai?aoi?i? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui ?c noae? 30O? iiaeooue aooe
aeaioiaea-i? aieoe I24 eeano i?oeiino? 12.9.

AENIIAEE

1. Aecia/aii iaeei c ia?niaeoeaieo iai?yie?a ?icaeoeo ?ano?ni — ?
aia?ai-caa??aath/eo oaoiieia?e ae?iaieoeoaa aenieii?oeieo e??ieeueieo
ae?ia?a, ui ia?aaeaa/a? ?ic?iaeo ? canoinoaaiiy ai?ai?nieo aoaeaoeaaeo ?
aeiiiiiieaaiaaieo noaeae ? ?o oa?iiiaoai?/io ia?iaeo.

2. C iiceoe?e no/aniiai iaoaeiciaanoaa aea/ai? caeiiii??iino?
no?oeoo?i-ooai?aiiy a aeiiiiiieaaiaaieo ai?ai?nieo noaeyo, i?aeaeaieo
aacia?a?aiiio ioi-eiaeaeaiith a?ae oaiia?aoo? noaa?eueiiai noaio
aonoai?oo, a oaeiae ??ciiiai?oiei noaiai ? ?aaeeiai OII, ? ?ic?iaeai?
iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? oaoiieia?/i? ??oaiiy, ui caaacia/othoue aeiiii?th
aeao?oeeoieo eaaoth/eo aeaiaio?a i?e aeinyaiaii? aeni-eiai eiiieaeno
aeanoeainoae, iaiao?aeiiai aeey aenieii?oeieo e??ieeueieo ae?ia?a,

3. Anoaiiaeaii, ui a aeiiiiiieaaiaaieo ai?enoeo noaeyo i?e
eiio?ieuei-aaiiio ioieiaeaeaii? (EI) a?ae oaiia?aoo?e cae?i/aiiy aa?y/i?
aeaoi?iaoe?? (1050 0N) aonoai?oia ca?ii iaioiai ?ici??o ooai?th?oueny a
a?eueo oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? oaiia-?aoo? ? aeaoi?iaoe?e, i?ae i?e
eiio?ieueiaai?e i?ieaooe? (EI) cacaeaeaa?aeue iaa??oi? aei 1100 0N ?
i?aenooaeaii? aei oaiia?aoo?e i?ieaoee noae?. Oea coiiaeaii
i?ioiaeaeaiiyi a i?ioean? aa?y/i? aeaoi?iaoe?? i?e EI aeeiai?/ii?
?ae?enoae?caoe??, ??cei cae??aith-th/i? aeo?aeia aonoai?oia ca?ii.

4. Iieacaii, ui i?e EI i?iya noaoe/ii? ?ae?enoae?caoe?? iaea?eueo /?oei
ae?aaeaii i?e 850 0N. C? cieaeaiiyi ? i?aeaeuaiiyi oaiia?aoo?e
i?neyaeaoi?ia-oe?eii? aeo?eiee ?icaeoie noaoe/ii? ?ae?enoae?caoe?? noa?
iaio ae?aaeaiei ? ci?uo-?oueny aei a?eueo o?eaaeeo aeo?eiie. I?e EI
noaoe/ia ?ae?enoae?caoe?y ?icaeaa?oueny i?e oaiia?aoo?ao 850-950 0N.

5. Iniaeea?noth i?ioeano EI ? iayai?noue a no?oeoo?? noae?,
aaciina?aaeiuei i?ney aa?y/i? i?ieaoee, aaeeeeo aeoyaiooeo (eiao?oe??io
oi?ie aei 3: 1) ca?ai aonoai?oo, ye? i?e noaoe/i?e ?ae?enoae?caoe??
cae??aiththoueny a aeaa ? a?eueoa ?ac?a.

6. Iieacaii, ui ciaioaiiy aaee/eie ca?ai aai noaca?ai aonoai?oo a noae?,
i?aeaeai?e ia?iaoe? ca noaiith EI i?e 800 0N ? aeo?eioe? 100 n,
coiiaeaii ii/aoeii i?ioiaeaeaiiy oaciaiai ia?aoai?aiiy.

7. Aecia/aii, ui o?ii ? ia?aaiaoeue aeyaeythoue ??ciee aieea ia i?ioeane
?ae?enoae?caoe?? a ai?ai?nieo noaeyo i?e EI ? EI: a ia?aaioeaaenoeo
noaeyo i?e ?ioeo ??aieo oiiaao aaee/eia aonoai?oiiai ca?ia a 2 – 2,5
?ac?a a?eueoa, i?ae a o?iienoeo. Oea aeeeeeaii a?eueoei aieeaii o?iio
ia aaeueioaaiiy i?ioean?a naiiaeeooc?? cae?ca a ii??aiyii? c ia?aaioeai.

8. Ci?ithaaiiy aaee/eie aonoai?oiiai ca?ia ii i??? cieaeaiiy oaiia?aoo?e
eiai ?cioa?i?/ii? aeo?eiee, ye i?e EI, oae ? i?e EI, caeaaeeoue a?ae
iaoeneo i?e i?ieaooe?: i?e iaeeo iaoeceao i?ioeane ci?ithaaiiy aaee/eie
aonoai?oiiai ca?ia aeyaeythoueny a?eueo ?noioii, i?ae i?e a?eueoeo. Oea
coiiaeaii ?icoe?aiiyi oaiia?a-oo?iiai ?ioa?aaeo i?ioiaeaeaiiy i?ioean?a
?ae?enoae?caoe?? c c?inoaiiyi iaoene?a.

9. Aea/aii oa?aeoa? ?iciiae?eo ai?o a no?oeoo?? i?e?ieaaiaaieo oeei
aeaiaioii aaciaeo aoaeaoeaaeo noaeae 20P ? 35P. Iieacaii, ui a
aa?y/aeaoai?e noae? ai? aoiaeeoue aei neeaaeo iaaei??ieo oac, ye?
aeae?eythoueny ii iaaeao aonoai?oieo ca?ai, a oaeiae ciaoiaeeoueny a
yaoieoi?ae?, /anoeiai cai?uath/e a iueiio aoaeaoeue.

C i?aeaeuaiiyi ai?noo aoaeaoeth a noae? e?euee?noue iaaei??ieo ai?eaeieo
oac ii iaaeao aonoai?oieo ca?ai ca?eueoo?oueny, ui coiiaeth? i?aeaeuaiiy
oaiia?aoo?e aonoaieoecaoe?? ia?aae aa?oii aeey caaacia/aiiy iaiao?aeiiai
i?iaa?ooaaiiy noae?.

10. Iieacaii, ui ai?ai?ni? aeiiiiiieaaiaai? noae? ca ??aiai
oaoiieia?/ii? ieanoe/iino? ia?aaaaeathoue na?aaeiueieaaiaai? (38OAII ?
?i.) ? iathoue iaioee oaii aeaoi?iaoe?eiiai ci?oeiaiiy. Aeei?enoaiiy
ai?ai?nieo noaeae i?e ae?iaieoeoa? aenieii?oeiiai oa?iici?oeiaiiai
e??ieaiiy cieaeo? ii?? aeaoi?iaoe?? i?e eae?a?iaoe? ? oieiaeiiio
ia’?iiiio ooaiioaaii? ? ni?ey? i?aeaeuaiith no?eeino?
oieiaeiiaenaae-aeoaaeueiiai ?ino?oiaioo.

11. Anoaiiaeaii, ui noeeuei?noue aei niia?eueiaiiai ?oeioaaiiy noae?
30A1? (ii /ano aei ?oeioaaiiy) o?ioe a?eueoa, i?ae noae? 20A2?. ??aaiue
ii?iaiaiai eiao?oe??ioo ?ioaineaiino? iai?oae aeey iaio ia?ie noae?
cia/oui ia ?ic??ciy?oueny ? neeaaea? a?ey 90 IIai0,5, ui o?ioe aeua,
i?ae aeey aeei?enoiaoaaii? o?aaeeoe?eii noae? 40O.

12. I?e a?aeioneo caaa?oiaaieo ai?ai?nieo noaeae anoaiiaeaii ianooiia:

— aeey an?o noaeae oa?aeoa?ii cieaeaiiy oaea?ii? a’yceino? a ae?aiacii?
oaiia?aoo? 300-400 0N;

— noaeue 20A2? aa?aioiaaii a?aeiia?aea? eeano i?oeiino? 8.8 e 10.9 i?e
a?aeioneo a ?ioa?aae? 450-500 e 400-450 0N a?aeiia?aeii;

— noae? 30A1? ? 30O? caaacia/othoue eiiieaen aeanoeainoae, ui
a?aeiia?aea? eeano 10.9 i?e a?aeioneo a ?ioa?aae? oaiia?aoo? 450-500 0N.

13. ?ic?iaeaia ? aei?iaoaaia a i?iieneiaeo oiiaao iane??cia oaoiieia?y
ae?iaieoeoaa aenieii?oeiiai oa?iici?oeiaiiai e??ieaiiy eean?a i?oeiino?
8.8-10.9, ui aeeth/a? eiio?ieueiaaia ioieiaeaeaiiy aei 850-900 0N
aa?y/aeaoaiiai i?ieaoo c ai?ai?nieo noaeae ? eae?a?iaeo eiai aac
iiia?aaeiueiai iii’yeooth/iai a?aeiaeo.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO ?IA?O CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Oceia E.A., *a?ie/aiei A.A., Ia?onia I.A. Oaoiieiae/aneea iniaaiiinoe
i?i-ecaiaenoaa i?ieaoa ec yeiiiiiieaae?iaaiiuo ia?ie noaee aeey
ecaioiaeaiey aunieii?i/iiai e?aiaaea // Iaoaee e eeouea Oe?aeiu. – 1996.
– ? 1–2. – N.19–22.

2. Oceia E.A., Ia?onia I.A., Ianoa?aiei A.I. Caaeneiinoue i?ioeannia
?ae?enoaeeecaoeee aonoaieoa a ai?enoie noaee 20A2? io oaoiieiae/aneie
noaiu oaiia?aoo?ii-aeaoi?iaoeeiiiie ia?aaioee // IeOII. – 1998. – ? 2. –
N.12–13.

3. ?ac?aaioea yeiiiiiieaae?iaaiiuo ai?niaea?aeaueo noaeae aeey
i?iecaiaenoaa aunieii?i/iuo e?aiaaeiuo ecaeaeee / Ia?onia I.A., Oceia
E.A., Ia?onia A.A., Ieaeiee A.A. // Iaoaeeo?ae/aneay e ai?ii?oaeiay
i?iiuoeaiiinoue. – 1998. – ? 1. – N.49–50.

4. ?ac?aaioea oaiia?aoo?ii-aeaoi?iaoeeiiiuo ia?aiao?ia ia?aaioee i?ieaoa
ec noaee 30O? aeey oieiaeiie iauaiiie ooaiiiaee (OIO) aunieii?i/iuo
e?aiaaeiuo ecaea-eee / Ia?onia I.A., Ia?onia A.A., Aeaa A.E., Ieaeiee
A.A., Oaei A.O. // Iaoaeeo?ae/aneay e ai?ii?oaeiay i?iiuoeaiiinoue. –
1998. – ? 1. – N. 57– 59.

5. Ia?onia I.A. Enneaaeiaaiea aeeyiey ?aaeeiia
oaiia?aoo?ii-aeaoi?iaoeeiiiie ia?aaioee ia ?ae?enoaeeecaoeeth aonoaieoa
a ai?enoie noaee 35A1? // Nai?iee o?oaeia iaaeaeoia?iaeiie eiioa?aioeee
«I?iaeaiu nia?aiaiiiai iaoa?eaei-aaaeaiey», Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1997. –
N.67–68.

AIIOAOe??

Ia?onia I. A. Oa?iiiaoai?/ia ia?iaea aeiiiiiieaaiaaieo ai?ai?nieo noaeae
aeey aenieii?oeieo e??ieeueieo ae?ia?a. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.16. 01 – Iaoaeiciaanoai oa oa?i?/ia ia?iaea
iaoae?a.

— ?inoeooo /i?ii? iaoaeo?a?? IAI Oe?a?ie. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aea/aiith caeiiii??iinoae no?oeoo?iooai?aiiy a
ai?enoeo noaeyo, i?aeaeaieo eiio?ieueiaaiiio ioieiaeaeaiith (EI) i?ney
aeniei-oaiia?aoo?ii? aeaoi?iaoe?? ? eiio?ieueiaaii? i?ieaoee (EI).
Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e EI aonoai?oia ca?ii iaioiai ?ici??o ooai?th?oueny a
a?eueo oe?ieiio ?ioa?aae? oaiia?aoo? ? aeaoi?iaoe?e, i?ae i?e EI. Oea
coiiaeaii i?ioiaeaeaiiyi a i?ioean? aa?y/i? aeaoi?iaoe?? ia?aae EI
aeeiai?/ii? ?ae?enoae?caoe??, ??cei cae??aithth/i? aeo?aeia aonoai?oia
ca?ii. ?ic?iaeaia noaia ? ?aaeeie oa?iiiaoai?/ii? ia?iaee
aeiiiiiieaaiaaieo ai?ai?nieo noaeae aeey aenieii?oeieo e??ieeueieo
ae?ia?a. Ia oe?e iniia? noai?aia iane??cia oaoiieia?y ae?iaieoeoaa
aenieii?oeiiai oa?iici?oe-iaiiai e??ieaiiy eean?a i?oeiino? 8.8-10.9, ui
aeeth/a? eiio?ieueiaaia ioieiaeaeai-iy aei 850-900 0N aa?y/aeaoaiiai
i?ieaoo ?c ai?ai?nieo noaeae ? eae?a?iaeo eiai aac iiia?aaeiueiai
iii’yeooth/iai a?aeiaeo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeiiiiiieaaiaai? ai?ai?ni? noae?, oa?iiiaoai?/ia
ia?iaea, no?oeoo?iooai?aiiy, aeanoeaino?, aenieii?oeia e??ieaiiy.

Ia?onia I.A. Oa?iiiaoaie/aneay ia?aaioea yeiiiiiieaae?iaaiiuo
ai?niaea?aeaueo noaeae aeey aunieii?i/iuo e?aiaaeiuo ecaeaeee. –
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.16.01 – Iaoaeeiaaaeaiea e oa?ie/aneay ia?aaioea
iaoaeeia.

— Einoeooo /a?iie iaoaeeo?aee IAI Oe?aeiu, Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia eco/aieth caeiiiia?iinoae no?oeoo?iia?aciaaiey a
ai?enouo noaeyo, iiaeaa?aioouo eiio?iee?oaiiio ioeaaeaeaieth (EI) iinea
aunieioaiia?aoo?iie aeaoi?iaoeee e eiio?iee?oaiie i?ieaoea (EI).
Onoaiiaeaii, /oi i?e EI aonoaieoiia ca?ii iaiueoaai ?acia?a ia?acoaony a
aieaa oe?ieii eioa?aaea oaiia?aoo? e aeaoi?iaoeee, /ai i?e EI. Yoi
iaoneiaeaii i?ioaeaieai a i?ioeanna ai?y/ae aeaoi?iaoeee ia?aae EI
aeeiaie/aneie ?ae?enoaeeecaoeee, ?acei eciaeue/athuae enoiaeiia
aonoaieoiia ca?ii. ?ac?aaioaia noaia e ?aaeeiu oa?iiiaoaie/aneie
ia?aaioee yeiiiiiieaae?iaaiiuo ai?niaea?aeaueo noaeae aeey aunieii?i/iuo
e?aiaaeiuo ecaeaeee. Ia yoie iniiaa nicaeaia neaiciay oaoiieiaey
i?iecaiaenoaa aunieii?i/iiai oa?iioi?i/iyaiiai e?aiaaea eeannia
i?i/iinoe 8.8–10.9, eioi?ay aeeth/aao eiio?iee?oaiia ioeaaeaeaiea aei
850–900 0N ai?y/aeaoaiiai i?ieaoa ec ai?niaea?aeaueo noaeae e eaeea?iaeo
aai aac i?aaeaa?eoaeueiiai oiya/athuaai ioaeeaa.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: yeiiiiiieaae?iaaiiua ai?niaea?aeauea noaee,
oa?iiia-oaie/aneay ia?aaioea, no?oeoo?iia?aciaaiea, naienoaa,
aunieii?i/iue e?aiaae.

Parusov O. V. The thermomechanical treatment of economically added boron
– containing steels for highfirm reinforcing goods – Manuscript.

Thesis for technical science Candidate’s degree on the specialty 05.16.
01. – Metals science and thermal treatment of metals.

— The Institute of black metallurgy NAS Ukraine, Dniepropetrovsk, 1998.

The thesis is devoted to study of regularities of structureformation in
steels, containing boron which were subjected to controlled cooling (CC)
after hightemperature deformation and controlled roll (CR). It is
determined at CC the austenite`s grain with smaller size forms in more
wide interval of temperaturesand deformations than at CR. It is
stipulated by proceeding dynamical recrystallization at process of hot
deformation before CC which sharply crushes very small the austenite`s
grain. The scheme and regimes of thermomechanical treatment of
economically added boron – containing steels for highfirm reinforcing
goods are worked out.

On this base it is created the through technology for production of high
firm thermostrengthed reinforce of strength’s class 8.8 – 10.9, which
includes controlled cooling to 850-900oC of hot rolled goods from boron
– containing steels and calibration him without preliminary tender
annealing.

Key words: economically added boron – containing steels,
thermomechanical treatment, structureformation, properties, highstrength
reinforce

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 10.11.98

Oi?iao 60 o 80 ae. e. 1/16. Caiiaeaiiy 497.

Oe?aae 100. ?. i. ?*I.

i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, ie. aeaaeai?ea Noa?iaeoaiaa, 1.

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