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Термодинаміка і кінетика фазоутворення в багатокомпонентних напівпровідникових системах: Автореф. дис… д-ра фіз.-мат. наук / П.П. Москвін, Київ. ун-

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EE?ANUeEEE OI?AA?NEOAO ?IAI? OA?ANA OAA*AIEA

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

IINEA?I Iaaei Iao?iae/

OAeE 621.315.59: 548.52: 546.681

OA?IIAeEIAI?EA ? E?IAOEEA OACIOOAI?AIIss

A AAAAOIEIIIIIAIOIEO IAI?AI?IA?AeIEEIAEO NENOAIAO

01.04.07 – o?ceea oaa?aeiai o?ea

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a

o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

Ee?a–1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a

Naieo-Iaoa?ao?cueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aeaeo?ioaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? (EAO?)
oa AEeoiie?nueeiio ?iaeaia?ii-oaoiieia?/iiio ?inoeooo?

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

1. Eenia Aieiaeeie? ?aaiiae/, aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio
eaoaae?e caaaeueii? o?ceee, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee, canooiiee
aeaeaia c iaoeiai? ?iaioe Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana
Oaa/aiea.

2. Iaeai?iaea Aieiaeeie? Iao?iae/, aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe,
noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee, caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eii ?inoeoooo i?iaeai
iaoa??aeiciaanoaa ?iai? ?.I. O?aioeaae/a IAI Oe?a?ie.

3. Eiiaeiaa ?a?na Aanee?aia, aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,
i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee ?inoeoooo iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a IAI
Oe?a?ie, aea?/? Eao?aao aea?aeaaii? i?ai?? Oe?a?ie.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? ?.?. Ia/i?eiaa.

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “21” /a?aiy 1999 ?. ia 14:30 aiae. ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.001.23 a Ee?anueeiio
oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ca aae?anith: 252650 INI, Ee?a,
i?iniaeo Aeaaeai?ea Aeooeiaa, 6.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “17” o?aaiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee,

i?ioani?

A.A. Io?eiaiei

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

AEOOAEUeI?NOUe OAIE. Aeinyaiaiiy aeaeo?iiii? oaoi?ee o?nii iia’ycai? c
?ic?iaeaie iiaeo oa oaeineiiaeaiiyi no/anieo oyaeaiue i?i o?ce/i?
i?ioeane, ui i?io?eathoue i?e c?iuoaaii? neeaaeieo iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo
oaa?aeeo ?ic/ei?a. Io?eiaiiy caaeaieo aeaeo?i-o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae
no?oeoo? i?eionea? ca?eueoaiiy /enea eiiiiiaio?a oaa?aeiai ?ic/eio c
iaiaei?iiei i?aoeec?eiei aeai?ii eiai eiiiiiaioiiai oa
eiioeaio?aoe?eiiai neeaaeo i?e aenie?e no?oeoo?i?e aeineiiaeino?. C
?inoii /enea eiiiiiaio?a iai?ai?ia?aeieea ?, ioaea, ?c ca?eueoaiiyi
oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo nooiai?a naiaiaee nenoaie, c?inoathoue neeaaeiiu? ia
o?eueee a aia?aoo?iiio ioi?ieaii? i?ioeano oaciooai?aiiy, aea e iiooeo
iaoiae?a ea?oaaiiy i?ioeanii inaaeaeaiiy iaoa??ae?a ?c caaeaieie
aeanoeainoyie.

Iaea?eueo? ia?niaeoeae a ??oaii? oe??? i?iaeaie o?ceee iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a
iia’ycothoueny c ?? oa?iiaeeiai?/iei iienii oa ianooiiei iaoaiaoe/iei
iiaeaethaaiiyi i?ioeano oaciooai?aiiy. ??oaiiy oaei? caaea/? a ?aieao
oaiaiieia?/ii? oa?iiaeeiai?ee i?eionea? noi?nia i?iaaaeaiiy oai?aoe/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue oa oe?eani?yiiaaieo aenia?eiaio?a i?e iaia?a?aiiio
ei?aeooaaii? ye o?ce/ieo oyaeaiue i?i i?ioeane, ui i?io?eathoue, oae ?
oiia i?iaaaeaiiy iio??aieo aenia?eiaio?a.

Aeinyaioo? oni?oe a ia/enethaaeuei?e oaoi?oe? oa ia/enethaaeuei?e
iaoaiaoeoe? noi?nii c aeinyaiaiiyie a ?ic?iaeao aenia?eiaioaeueii? aace
a?aee?eee ia?niaeoeae a ?aae?caoe?? oaeiai aeaeo iiaeaethaaiiy noiniaii
neeaaeieo iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo nenoai. A oeueiio a?aeiioaii? oaiaoeea
?iaioe, ui iia’ycaia c oai?aoe/iei iienii i?ioean?a oaciooai?aiiy i?e
io?eiaii? iaea?eueo aaaeeeaeo oaa?aeeo ?ic/ei?a aeey i?eeaae?a
aeaeo?iiii? oaoi?ee, ? AEOOAEUeIITH.

Iaea?eueo oe?iei canoiniaoaaiei ? ia?niaeoeaiei ? can?a ae?iuoaaiiy
e?enoae?a oa ie?aie ?c ??aeei? oace. Aeinoaoiuei iecuee? oaiia?aoo?e
?inoo, a?aeiiaethaaeueia aoiinoa?a i?ioeano, a oaeiae, ye i?aaeei,
iacia/ia a?aeoeeaiiy ?inoiai? nenoaie a?ae oa?iiaeeiai?/ii ??aiiaaaeiiai
noaio, yea aeicaiey? aoaeoeaii ea?oaaoe i?ioeanii, noaaeyoue oaeiai
aeaeo iaoiaee a ?yae iaea?eueo oe?iei aeei?enoiaoaaieo ? ia?niaeoeaieo.

O?oaeiiu? a ea?oaaii? i?ioeanii e?enoae?caoe?? a aeaiee /an a iniiaiiio
ia?aai?ththoueny aii??e/iei oeyoii. Oea noa? iiaeeeaei, i?eeiath/e aei
oaaae oe?ieo aenia?eiaioaeueio ?ioi?iaoe?th, yea iaeiie/aia oaoiieiaaie.
A oie aea /an aecia/aiiy oiia io?eiaiiy iaoa??aeo aeecueeeo aei
iioeiaeueieo cae?enith?oueny ia i?aeoeoe? aeaeaei ia caaaeaee ii
iaeei?iooiio oeyoo. Oaea neooaoe?y noa? oe?eeii c?icoi?eith, yeui
caaaeaoe, ui aaaaoieiiiiiaioi? nenoaie aaaeooue naaa a aaaaoueio
aeiaaeeao aeaeaei ia oae, ye niieoee, ui ?o ooai?ththoue. Oea iaoiiaeaii
aaaaoueia oa?iiaeeiai?/ieie i?e/eiaie. Aei ieo, a ia?oo /a?ao,
iaiao?aeii a?aeianoe aiiiae?? a iiaaae?ioe? oa?aeoa?enoe/ieo iiaa?oiiue
oaciaeo ??aiiaaa a aaaaoii??iiio i?inoi?? ia?aiao??a, ui caaeathoueny,
iiaeeeaino? iiyae iaeanoae iano?eeino?, cia/iee aieea ia i?ioeane ?inoo
e?iaoe/ieo oaeoi??a oiui. O oeueiio a?aeiioaii? i?iaaaeaiiy
o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioean?a ?inoo oaa?aeeo ?ic/ei?a
aeyaey?oueny iaaecae/aeii ei?eniei o I?AEOE*IIIO A?AeIIOAII?.

Oaeei /eiii, IAOITH aeaii? ?iaiou ? i?iaaaeaiiy oai?aoe/ieo
oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?ioean?a oaciooai?aiiy a
aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo nenoaiao, ?ic?iaea ia ?o iniia?
?aeeii? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? aca?iiae?? oac, a oaeiae cae?eniaiiy ia
oeueiio aacen? ioe?iie aieeao ??ciiiai?oieo oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo oaeoi??a ia
aeanoeaino? iaoa??ae?a c ianooiiei ae?iaeaiiyi ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e c
iioei?caoe?? oiia io?eiaiiy aenieiye?nieo iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo oaa?aeeo
?ic/ei?a.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? a ?iaio? iaoe iaiao?aeii aoei ?ica’ycaoe
ianooii? aenia?eiaioaeuei? oa oai?aoe/i? AeINE?AeI? CAAeA*?:

– cae?enieoe oai?aoe/ia ? aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy oiia
oa?iiaeeiai?/ii? ??aiiaaae ??aeeia–oaa?aea–aac a aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo
iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo nenoaiao aeey aecia/aiiy ye iaea?eueo aeinoia??ieo
oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo iiaeaeae ? ooieoe?e noaio nenoai, oae ? ?ie? oaciaeo
??aiiaaa a iaoaieci? i?io?eaiiy i?ioeano oaciooai?aiiy a
aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo nenoaiao;

– oai?aoe/ii i?iaiae?coaaoe ianiia?aiin eiiiiiaio?a a iae?ineii?/iiio
iaaeeaeaii? aeey ??cieo oiia oaciooai?aiiy ? ?ic?iaeoe iaoaiaoe/i?
iiaeaeuei? oyaeaiiy, ui iienothoue oea yaeua noiniaii aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo
nenoai;

– aeeiiaoe oai?aoe/iee aiae?c aeeaaeaiiy aia?a?? iaoai?/ieo iai?oa a
caaaeueiee aia?aaoe/iee aaeain nenoai, ioe?ieoe ?o ?ieue a e?iaoeoe?
i?ioeano oaciooai?aiiy ia ??cieo noaae?yo i?aeoacii? aca?iiae?? oa
?ic?iaeoe iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue ai?oaen??, ui a?aoiao? i?oaei?
aeaoi?iaoe?? oa??a aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo oaa?aeeo ?ic/ei?a;

– ?ic?iaeoe aoaeoeai? i?ia?aii? oa iaoaiaoe/i? aeai?eoie ?ica’ycoaaiiy
caaea/, ui iiaeaeththoue i?ioeane oaciooai?aiiy, ye? aeicaieythoue
io?eiaoe ?ioi?iaoe?th ye i?i ia?aiao?e iaoa??ae?a, ui ae?iuothoueny o
aea?aieo oiiaao, oae ? cae?enithaaoe iiooe oaoiieia?/ieo oiia, ui
caaacia/othoue c?inoaiiy aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo oaa?aeeo ?ic/ei?a caaeaiiai
neeaaeo.

IAOEIAA IIAECIA ?iaioe iieyaa? a ?icaeoeo ? ocaaaeueiaii?
oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo oyaeaiue i?i i?ioeane, ui i?io?eathoue i?e aca?iiae??
oac ??ciiai eiiiiiaioiiai neeaaeo, a ?ic?iaoe? oai?aoe/ieo i?eioeei?a
ea?oaaiiy ?inoiaeie nenoaiaie i?e io?eiaii? aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo oaa?aeeo
?ic/ei?a. Aei iaea?eueo nooo?aeo iiaeo iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe
iaiao?aeii a?aeianoe ianooii?:

– ?acoeueoaoe oai?aoe/iiai ? aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aea/aiiy aaoa?ioacii?
??aiiaaae aeey oe?ieiai eeano aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo
aeiaciiiae?aieo iaoa??ae?a ? iaoa??ae?a ?c no?oeoo?ith oi?iae? a
oe?ieiio oaiia?aoo?ii-eiioeaio?aoe?eiiio ?ioa?aae? oaciaiai i?inoi?o;

– ?ic?iaea oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo oyaeaiue i?i aieea i?oaeieo iaoai?/ieo
aeaoi?iaoe?e, iaoiiaeaieo iaa?aeiia?aei?noth ia??iae?a e?enoae?/ieo
a?aoie ni?yaeaieo iaoa??ae?a, ia ci?uaiiy oaciaeo ??aiiaaa
?icieaa–e?enoae i?e ai?oaen?? oa??a o aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo nenoaiao;

– ?ic?iaea e?iaoe/ieo iiaeaeae oaciooai?aiiy a aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo
nenoaiao ye aeey ??cieo i?eiouaiue i?i oaeaeeino? ianiia?aiino o
??aeeiio na?aaeiaeu?, oae ? i?i ??ci? oa?iiaeeiai?/i? noaie
aaaaoieiiiiiaioii? oaa?aei? oace;

– i?iaaaeaiiy oa?iiaeeiai?/iiai aiae?co ? ?ic?iaea oai?aoe/ieo iiaeaeae,
ui iienothoue i?ioeane ?aeaenaoe?? iieiaeaiiy i?aeoacii? iaae?
??aeeia–oaa?aea ia noaae?? oi?ioaaiiy iane/aii? ??aeei? oace a
caeaaeiino? a?ae oiia i?iaaaeaiiy i?ioeano aca?iiae?? oa
oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo aeanoeainoae eiioaeooth/eo na?aaeiaeu.

I?AEOE*IA CIA*AIIss aeeiiaii? ?iaioe iieyaa? a ianooiiiio:

1. ?ic?iaeai? oai?aoe/i? iiaeae? e?enoae?caoe?? ye aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo
ai?oaen?aeueieo oa??a, oae ? ia’?iieo iiiie?enoae?a aeicaieythoue c
aenieith aoaeoeai?noth ea?oaaoe ia?aiao?aie iaoa??ae?a, ui ?inoooue, a
oiiaao neeaaeiiai aaaaoioaeoi?iiai oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano.
Cai?iiiiiaai? ia/enethaaeuei? i?ia?aie iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoeny aeey
iaoeiaiai i?iaiicoaaiiy ?acoeueoao?a eiie?aoiiai e?enoae?caoe?eiiai
i?ioeano aai ae, iaaiaee, canoiniaoaaoeny aeey iiooeo oiia
e?enoae?caoe??, ui caaacia/othoue ae?iuoaaiiy e?enoae?a ?c caaeaieie
aeanoeainoyie.

2. I?iaaaeaii anaa?/ia aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeano
??aeeioaciai? aaoa?iai?oaen?? oaa?aeeo ?ic/ei?a nenoaie Ga–In–P–As oa
aeo?aeieo ooai?thth/eo niieoe. Ia iniia? ?ic?iaeaieo oai?aoe/ieo
oyaeaiue iioei?ciaai? ?aaeeie ae?iuoaaiiy iiaea?eieo aaoa?ino?oeoo?
GaoIn1-oPyAs1-y/InP, ui aei?ii?iththoue a ae?aiacii? aeiaaeei oaeeue
1,3–1,55 iei, GaoIn1-oP/GaAs, GaoIn1-oP/GaP, GaoIn1-oP/InP,
GaoIn1-oAs/InP.

3. Oai?aoe/ii ia?aaeaa/aii ? ?aae?ciaaii i?eioeeiiai iiaee iaoiae
?cioa?i?/ii? ??aeeiiioaciai? ai?oaen??, yeee ?icoe?th? iaa??
oaoiieia?/ieo i?eeii?a ? aeicaiey? aoaeoeaii ea?oaaoe oiiaaie oi?ioaaiiy
ai?oaen?aeueii? aaoa?ino?oeoo?e (A.N. ? 1232078) i?e nooo?aiio ni?iuaii?
ai?oaen?aeueiiai i?ioeano.

4. I?iaaaeaii aenia?eiaioaeueia ? oai?aoe/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeano
io?eiaiiy iiiie?enoae?a ia?aaiaoeue-oeeieiaeo oa?eo?a a oiiaao
i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa. ?ic?iaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii iioei?caoe??
oaiia?aoo?ii-/aniaeo ?aaeei?a ?iaioe onoaiiaee aeicaieeee aeiaanoe
aeo?ae i?eaeaoiiai iaeii??aeiiai ca neeaaeii iaoa??aeo aei 95 % ii ian?.

5. ?ic?iaeai? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? oaciooai?aiiy aeei?enoiaothoueny a
i?aeoe/ieo ?ic?iaeao I?iaeaiii? eaai?aoi??? aeaeo?io?ce/ieo i?ioean?a a
ae?aeaeo?eeao ? iai?ai?ia?aeieeao EAO? ?i. A.?. Oe’yiiaa (Eai?ia),
eaai?aoi??? eiioaeoieo yaeu OO? ?i. A.O. ?iooa ? IAe? “Aeiiai” (i.
Naieo-Iaoa?ao?a).

INIIAI? IAOEIA? IIEIAEAIIss

1. Ae??oaia i?iaeaia oa?iiaeeiai?/iiai iieno i?ioeano oaciooai?aiiy a
aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo nenoaiao i?e io?eiaii? iaoa??ae?a
aaaaoiooieoe?iiaeueiiai i?ecia/aiiy.

2. Aeei?enoaiiy e?i?eii caeaaeieo a?ae oaiia?aoo?e iaaeeeoeiaeo aia?a?e
ci?uaiiy a ??aeeiio oa oaa?aeiio noai? aeicaiey? aeinyaiooe iieno
oaciaeo ??aiiaaa epenoae–picieaa a aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo
iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo nenoaiao A3A5 a oe?ieiio ?ioa?aae? oaiiapaoop.

3. Aia?oa iieacaii, ui canoinoaaiiy oai??? anioe?eiaaieo ?ic/ei?a c
i?aeaeuaiith e?euee?noth eiiieaen?a neeaaeiiai neeaaeo a ??aee?e oac?
aeicaiey? iienaoe oacia? ??aiiaaae aac–picieaa–epenoae a
aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo ieneaeieo nenoaiao.

4. Ciaeaeai? aiae?oe/i? ??oaiiy e?iaoe/ieo ??aiyiue aeeooc?eiiai
ianiia?aiino eiiiiiaio?a a aaaaoieiiiiiaioi?e ??aee?e oac? ? iieacaia
aoaeoeai?noue ?o canoinoaaiiy i?e iieno i?ioean?a oaciooai?aiiy.

5. Aecia/aii aca?iica’ycie i?ae oa?aeoa?ii oaciaeo ??aiiaaa ?
ia?aiao?aie ianiia?aiino a ??aee?e oac?, ui caaacia/o? inaaeaeaiiy oa??a
iaeiiai ? oiai ae neeaaeo a ?cioa?i?/ieo oiiaao ?c ?icieaao c ??ciei
ii/aoeiaei ci?noii iniiaieo eiiiiiaio?a.

6. ?ic?iaeaia aoaeoeaia iaoiaeeea iae?eo aieeao aia?a?? i?oaeieo
aeaoi?iaoe?e, ui aeieeathoue ?c-ca iaa?aeiia?aeiino? ia??iae?a
e?enoae?/ieo a?aoie (IEA), ia ci?uaiiy o?i?/ieo ??aiiaaa i?e
oaciooai?aii? c aaaaoieiiiiiaioiiai ?icieaao niieoe A3A5.

7. Ci?uaiiy o?i?/ieo oaciaeo p?aiiaaa ca ?aooiie iayaiino? a nenoai?
iaoai?/ieo iai?oa aeinyaa? naiai iaeneiaeueiiai cia/aiiy aeey neeaae?a
aaaaoieiiiiiaioiiai epenoaea iaea?eueo aeecueeeo aei iaae?
ni?iiaeaeueiiai piciaaeo.

?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, ?? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, aeniiaee ?
?ic?iaeai? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? o nai?io eiiieaen?
i?aaenoaaeythoue niaith ??oaiiy i?eioeeiiai? caaea/? iaoa??aeiciaanoaa
oaa?aeeo ?ic/ei?a, iia’ycaii? c ?ic?iaeith oai?aoe/ieo iniia ea?oaaiiy
i?ioeanaie io?eiaiiy aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo iaoa??ae?a ?c cacaeaeaa?aeue
caaeaieie aeanoeainoyie.

AI?IAAOe?ss ?IAIOE. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe oa ?? iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy
aeiiia?aeaeenue ? iaaiai?thaaeenue ia ianooiieo eiioa?aioe?yo, ia?aaeao
? nai?ia?ao: VI Ananithci?e ia?aae? ii oaoiieia?? oa oa?iiaeeiai?oe?
oa?eo?a (i. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1988); III Ananithci?e eiioa?aioe?? ii
o?ce/ieo i?ioeanao a iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo aaoa?ino?oeoo?ao (i. Iaeanna,
1982); eiioa?aioe?? “O?ceei-o?i?/i? iniiae io?eiaiiy ? aeine?aeaeaiiy
iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a o oaa?aeiio ? ??aeeiio noai?” (i. Eoeya, 1989);
Ananithciiio nai?ia?? “O?ceei-o?i?/i? aeanoeaino? aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo
iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo nenoai. Aenia?eiaio ? iiaeaethaaiiy” (i. Iaeana,
1990); Ananithci?e eiioa?aioe?? c iaoa??aeiciaanoaa iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a
(i. Iineaa, 1987); I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“Aa?ieini?/iee eiiieaen: eiiaa?n?y ? oaoiieia??” (i. AEeoiie?, 1995,
1997); Ananithciiio nai?ia?? c oa?iiaeeiai?ee ? iao?aaeeoe?eieo iaoiae?a
io?eiaiiy oa?eo?a (i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1989); VI Ananithci?e
eiioa?aioe?? c ?inoo e?enoae?a ? ie?aie (i. Iiainea??nuee, 1982);
II Ananithci?e eiioa?aioe?? c o?ceee ? oaoiieia?? oiieeo ie?aie
(i. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1984); eiioa?aioe?? c oaoiieia?? io?eiaiiy,
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeanoeainoae, canoinoaaiiy ??aeeeo iaoae?a, ?o niieoe ?
iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo iaoa??ae?a. A??AAeIAO (i. Iineaa, 1984);
VII eiioa?aioe?? c i?ioean?a ?inoo ? neioaco iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo
e?enoae?a ? ie?aie (i. Iiainea??nuee, 1986); III Ananithci?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Oa?iiaeeiaieea e iaoa?eaeiaaaeaiea iieoi?iaiaeieeia”
(i. Iineaa, 1986), a oaeiae ia ui??/ieo iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo
i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo EAO? ?i. A.?. Oe’yiiaa (Eai?ia),
(1980–1988); oaoi?/ieo ia?aaeao ni?a?ia?oiee?a IAe? “Aeiiai” (i.
Eai?ia?aae, 1989–1994) ? OO? ?i. A.O. ?iooa AI N?N? (i. Eaieia?aae,
1983–1988).

IOAE?EAOe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii a?eueoa 50 ?ia?o,
na?aae ieo 4 – o aaaeo/eo ca?oa?aeieo aeo?iaeao, 22 ioae?eaoe?? – a
aeo?iaeao AI. ? iiiia?ao?y ? iaeia aaoi?nueea na?aeioeoai ia aeiao?ae.
Nienie iniiaieo ?ia?o iaaaaeaii a e?ioe? aaoi?aoa?aoo.

NO?OEOO?A ? IANssA AeENA?OAOe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
oanoe ?icae?e?a, caeeth/aiiy, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e ?c 329 iaca.
Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue 328 noi??iie (?c ieo 256 noi??iie iaoeiiieniiai
oaenoo), a oiio /ene? 6 oaaeeoeue, 92 ?ethno?aoe??).

EI?IOEEE CI?NO ?IAIOE.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiue aeaii? ?iaioe ? o?ce/i? i?ioeane, ui
i?io?eathoue i?e oaciooai?aii? a aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo
nenoaiao.

Aeoeaio a aeine?aeaeaiiyo ci?uaii ia oaa?ae? ?ic/eie niieoe A3A5 ?
/ioe?eeiiiiiaioi? iaoa??aee ?c no?oeoo?ith oi?iae?.

Aea?? naia oaeeo ia’?eo?a aeine?aeaeaiue iaoiiaeaiee ye aeinoaoiueith
caaaeuei?noth iinoaaeaieo ia?aae ?iaioith oai?aoe/ieo ieoaiue, oae ?
oe?ieei canoinoaaiiyi iaoa??ae?a oeueiai eeano ye aeoeaieo na?aaeiaeu
aaaaoiooieoe?iiaeueieo i?eeaae?a aeaeo?iiii? oaoi?ee.

Oa?iiaeeiai?ea ??aiiaaaeiiai noaio aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo nenoai

Iniiaith iiaoaeiae oa?iiaeeiai?/ii? iiaeae? i?ioean?a, ui i?io?eathoue
i?e ae?iuoaaii? aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo oaa?aeeo ?ic/ei?a, ? oyaeaiiy
??aiiaaaeii? oa?iiaeeiai?ee. Oiio ia?oee ?icae?e ?iaioe i?enay/aiee
?icaeyaeo oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo aniaeo?a iieno ae?aa?ai noaio
aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo eiaaeaioieo iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a ? iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a ?c
no?oeoo?ith oi?iae?.

Iaea?eueo ie?aeiei i?aeoiaeii i?e iieno oaciaeo ??aiiaaa a nenoaiao
eeano A3A5 ? i?aeo?ae, iia’ycaiee c oai???th ?aaoey?ieo ?ic/ei?a.
Ca?aeii oe??? oai??? neeaaee ??aiiaaaeieo oac ?ic?aoiaothoueny ca
ae?acaie:

, (1)

– eiao?oe??ioe aeoeaiino? oa aoiiia aeiey eiiiiiaioa i /e ij a ??aee?e
oa oaa?ae?e oac? a?aeiia?aeii; ?ij – ia?aiao?e i?aeaoiiii? aca?iiae??
i?ae eiiiiiaioaie i oa j; aij, bij – ooeai? eiinoaioe iiaeae?.

Iniaeeao oaaao a ?iaio? i?eae?eaii aecia/aiith a??ia?aeieo, a ?aieao
aea?aii? iiaeae?, oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo ooieoe?e ci?uaiiy ?icaeyaeoaaieo
nenoai (?ij). Iiia?aaei? ?ic?aooiee iieiaeaiue oa?aeoa?enoe/ieo e?i?e
aaaaoii??ieo ae?aa?ai noaio nenoai A3A5 a oe?ieiio ?ioa?aae? oaiia?aoo?
iieacaee, ui aeinyaiooe iieno noeoiiino? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo, i?e
aeei?enoaii? noai?i ?aaoey?iiai iaaeeaeaiiy oai??? ?aaoey?ieo ?ic/ei?a
iaiiaeeeai. Oiio a ?iaio? aeey iiaoaeiae ae?aa?ai noaio nenoai a
oe?ieiio ?ioa?aae? oaiia?aoo? aeei?enoiaoaaeinue eaac??aaoey?ia
iaaeeaeaiiy oai??? ?aaoey?ieo ?ic/ei?a c e?i?eii caeaaeieie a?ae
oaiia?aoo?e ia?aiao?aie aca?iiae?? eiiiiiaio?a a ??aee?e oa oaa?ae?e
oacao.

Iiooe /enaeueieo cia/aiue iaaaaeaieo a?eueieo aia?a?e ci?uaiiy
cae?enithaaany oeyoii iaeiie/aiiy oa?iiaeeiai?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?e
iine?aeiai?e ia?iaoe? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo ii aca?iiae?? oac a?ae
a?ia?ieo nenoai aei a?eueo neeaaeieo. Iiia?aaei? ni?iae aecia/aiiy
iaaaaeaieo aia?a?e ci?oaiiy, ui a?oioothoueny ia o?aeooaaii?
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo ii ai?oaen?? ye i?i i?ioean aeecueeee aei
oa?iiaeeiai?/ii ??aiiaaaeiiai noaio iieacaee o?ce/io ia?aaeuei?noue
io?eiaii? e?euee?nii? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i ooeai? oa?iiaeeiai?/i? ooieoe??
ci?oaiiy. Oiio a ?iaio? aeey aiae?co oaciaeo ??aiiaaa ? iiooeo
oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo ooieoe?e nenoai aoa aeei?enoaiee i?eioeeiiai a?aei?iiee
a?ae a?aeiieo iaoiae?a iieno ?icaeyaeoaaieo i?ioean?a i?aeo?ae, ui
a?aoiao? ia??aiiaaaeiee oa?aeoa? i?ioean?a aca?iiae?? oac a
aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo nenoaiao. Oea icia/a?, ui a ?iaio? ?icoe?thaaeenue
o?ce/i? oyaeaiiy i?i i?ioean aca?iiae?? oac, a ia ianeoaaeenue ia
a?aoiaai? o?ce/i? yaeua a oa?iiaeeiai?/ii iaiaa?oioiaaieo ??aiiaaaeieo
ia?aiao?ao nenoai. Iaiao?aei?noue ? ia?niaeoeai?noue oaeiai i?aeoiaeo
aei iieno i?ioean?a i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ianooiieie aenia?eiaioaeueieie
oaeoaie ? oai?aoe/ieie ?icoi?iiyie. A ia?oo /a?ao, oea – aeniea
oaeaee?noue e?enoae?caoe?? oa??a oaa?aeeo ?ic/ei?a (ii?yaeeo 1 iei/oa.),
caeaaeiino? ia?aiao??a oa??a a?ae ?o e?enoaeia?ao?/ii? i???ioaoe??,
??cia e?euee?noue eiiiiiaio?a oa??a oaa?aeiai ?ic/eio oa i?aeeiaeee i?e
oi?ioaaii? aaoa?iia?aoiae?a, i?iaiice i?i ?nioaaiiy iaeanoae
ianoaa?eueiino? oac. Oea ? aeicaieyei noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui e?i?? oaciaeo
ae?aa?ai aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo nenoai, iiaoaeiaai? ca aeaieie
aaoa?iai?oaen?? ia ?noeiii ??aiiaaaei?, ine?eueee aiie ceiiooeueiaai?
iiiaeeiith ia??aiiaaaeieo aoaeo?a, ? aeey io?eiaiiy ?noeiii ?aaiiaaaeii?
?ioi?iaoe?? i?i noai nenoai aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? ii ai?oaen?? iiaeii?
aooe cei?aaiaai? c a?aooaaiiyi iaoiaeee ?o io?eiaiiy ? iniaeeainoae
oa?iiaeeiai?/iiai noaio nenoai. I?e oaeiio i?aeoiae? ciaeaeai?
??aiiaaaei? oa?iiaeeiai?/i? ooieoe?? iaiao?aeii i?eciaoe o?ce/ii
iaa?oioiaaieie ? aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?o aeey aiae?co oaciaeo ??aiiaaa a
aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo nenoaiao A3A5. Oaeee niin?a iiooeo oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo
ooieoe?e ? i?eioeeiiaei ? iiaei a o?aeooaaii? ? ia?iaoe?
aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?acoeueoao?a.

?ioa neooaoe?y neeaaea?oueny i?e aiae?c? oaciaeo ??aiiaaa i?e io?eiaii?
oaa?aeeo ?ic/ei?a iaai?oieo iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a, ui e?enoae?cothoueny a
no?oeoo?? oi?iae?, aea /anoea ?iiiiai ca’yceo a e?enoae?/i?e a?aooe?
nooo?aa. Iniaeea?noth nenoai oaeiai aeaeo iaiao?aeii aeciaoe oa, ui aeey
iiaoaeiae ? aeai?o oa?iiaeeiai?/ii? iiaeae? i?e aiae?c?
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo ii oaciaeo ??aiiaaaao iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe
?ioaineaio aca?iiae?th ?icieaao c aaciaei na?aaeiaeuai ii neeueii
eaoeiio eiiiiiaioo – eenith. ?ioeie neiaaie oea icia/a?, ui ai?no eecith
a ?icieaa? aecia/a?oueny eiai ia?oe?aeueiei oeneii a nenoai? ? noai
?icieaao iaiiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe a iacaeaaeiino? a?ae noaio aaciaiai
na?aaeiaeua. Oiio a ioe?ioe? aeinoia??iino? e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo ii
oaciaeo ??aiiaaaao aeey ?o ianooiii? oai?aoe/ii? ia?iaee caaaeaee
a?aeanue aei oaaae ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i oa, yea nenoaia aiae?co?oueny
(cae?eoa /e a?aee?eoa) ? ye eiio?ieth?oueny aai yeei niiniaii
caaea?oueny oene eenith iaae aca?iiae?th/eie oacaie.

Iiaeaeueiith nenoaiith i?e iaa?oiooaaii? aeai?o oa?iiaeeiai?/ii? aoaeiae
ieneaeiiai ?icieaao neoaoaaea iaea?eueo aenia?eiaioaeueii aeine?aeaeaia
nenoaia cae?ci–eenaiue. Iniaeea?noue ae?aa?aie noaio iaei?ino?oi?
oi?iae? – iaaiaoeoo i?e aenieeo oaiia?aoo?ao ? a?aeiinii iacia/iee oene
eenith i?e aaeeeiio eiai ai?noo a ??aee?e oac? (iae. 1). Aoei
cai?iiiiiaaii niinoa??aa?iee aenia?eiaioaeueiee oaeo iiynithaaoe
neeueiei ca’yceii eenith c iaoae?/ieie eiiiiiaioaie ?icieaao, oiae? eiai
iacia/iee oene a nenoai? iia’ycoaaoe o?eueee ?c a?eueieie
iaanioe?eiaaieie aoiiaie eenith. O?ce/ii oea a?aeiia?aeaei ia?aoiaeo
a?ae oyaeaiue oai??? ?aaoey?ieo ?ic/ei?a aei iiaeae? anioe?aoeaii?
aoaeiae oace.

Cai?iiiiiaai? a ?iaio? ??aiyiiy oai??? anioe?eiaaieo ?ic/ei?a aeey noaio
aaaaoieiiiiiaioii? ??aeei? oace c eiiieaenaie ??ciiai neeaaeo iathoue
aeaeyae:

;

,

– oene iane/aiiy eenith.

Nenoaia ??aiyiue aeey iieno ?–O–O ??aiiaaa a ia?aiiio iaaeeaeaii? ?
caieiaiith i?e aeei?enoaii? ia?oeo ae?ac?a nenoaie (1).

Aieiaiei e?eoa???i i?e iaa?oiooaaii? neeaaeo anioe?ao?a a ?icieaa?
neoaoaaea a?aeiia?aei?noue ?ic?aooie?a aenia?eiaioo ii oaiaaino eooa
iaoeeo caeaaeiino? ia?oe?aeueiiai oeneo eenith a?ae eiai eiioeaio?aoe??
a ??aee?e oac?. Oaeee ?acoeueoao a nenoai? Fe–O aeinyaaany, eiee a
?ic?aooieao a?aoiaoaaeinue ye i?i?ioi o?e eiiieaene, ye? i?noyoue
eenaiue (FeO, Fe2O3, Fe3I4) (iae. 1). Aeacaiee i?aeo?ae i?e aiaeec?
oaciaeo ??aiiaaa a ieneaeieo iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo nenoaiao ?
i?ea?iaeueiei ? aia?oa cai?iiiiiaaiee a aeai?e ?iaio?.

Oai?aoe/ia iiaoaeiaa ae?aa?aie noaio ieneaeii? nenoaie Zn–Mn–Fe–O
cae?enithaaeanue, ye ? ?ai?oa aeey niieoe oeio A3A5, iine?aeiaiei
iiooeii oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo ooieoe?e a?ae a?ia?ieo nenoai aei a?eueo
neeaaeieo.

Iae. 1: 1 – oene eenith iaae ?icieaaii i?e O = 1873 E;

2 – oene eenith acaeiaae e?ea?aeono Iae. 2: 1– nie?aeon nenoaie

Ga–In–As; 2, 3 – eaac???aiiaaaeiee nie?aeon i?oaeii-aeaoi?iiaaiee

oa? – ??aeea oaca nenoaie

Aeey iiaeaethaaiiy aia?aaoe/iiai noaio oaa?aei? oace, yea ooai?th?
no?oeoo?o oi?iae? ZnxMnyFe3-x-yO4, ??aiyiiy oai??? ?aaoey?ieo ?ic/ei?a
aoee iiaea?i?ciaai?. Iaiao?aei?noue oaei? iiaea?i?caoe?? iaoiiaeaia oei,
ui aia?aaoe/iee noai ?ii?a a ??cieo e?enoaeia?ao?/ieo iiceoe?yo
oi?iaeueii? no?oeoo?e ??ciee. Aeey iaea?eueo aaaeeeaeo a i?aeoe/iiio
a?aeiioaii? neeaae?a oaa?aeiai ?ic/eio Zn~0,3Mn~0,6Fe~2,1O4 neacaia, a
ia?oo /a?ao, a?aeiineoueny aei ?ii?a cae?ca, ye? ?icoaoiaothoueny ye a
oao?a-, oae ? a ieoaaae?e/ieo iiceoe?yo. I?e oeueiio ca?aeii c
aenia?eiaioaie ?iie oeeieo ? ia?aaioeth, ye i?aaeei, naia? aaeaioiino?
ia ci?iththoue. Oiio aeey aecia/aiiy caaaeueii? oaa?aeioacii? aeoeaiino?
cae?ca aeei?enoiaoaaeenue oyaeaiiy i?i ia?oeeaeueio aeoeai?noue ?ii?a a
caeaaeiino a?ae ?o e?enoaeia?aoe/ii? iiceoe??. A oaeiio iaaeeaeaii?
??aiyiiy aeey ?ic?aooieo neeaae?a ??aiiaaaeieo oac a ieneaeieo
iai?ai?ia?aeieeao c? no?oeoo?ith oi?iae? io?eiai? a aeai?e ?iaio?.

Aeey iiooeo an??? noeoiiino? oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo ooieoe?e iiaeaeueii?
nenoaie Zn–Mn–Fe–O aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo, ye? ?, ii oaciaeo
??aiiaaaao o aeo?aeieo nenoaiao aeyaeeinue iaaeinoaoiuei. Oiio aeey
i?aeaeuaiiy oi/iino? oa?iiaeeiai?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? caeo/aeenue
aenia?eiaioaeuei? e?iaoe/i? aeai? i?i ??no e?enoae?a. Aeey ?ica’yceo
iiae?aiiai aeaeo caaea/?, ye ? o aeiaaeeo nenoai A3A5, c’yaeyeanue
iaiao?aei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy aiae?co i?ioean?a, ui a?aeaiaeyoue
aaaaoieiiiiiaioi? nenoaie ?c oa?iiaeeiai?/ii ??aiiaaaeiiai noaio.

Oa?iiaeeiai?ea oaciaeo ??aiiaaa i?oaeii-aeaoi?iiaaiee oa?

oaa?aeiai ?ic/eio – aeaniee ?icieaa

Iaei??th ?c iniiaieo i?e/ei, ui a?aeaiaeyoue ai?oaen?aeueio nenoaio a?ae
noaio o?i?/ii? oaciai? ??aiiaaae i?e ?OA, ? iayai?noue iaa?aeiia?aeiino?
IEA i?ae oa?ii ? i?aeeiaeeith. Ae?enii, a aaaaoioaeoi?iiio i?ioean? ?OA
oi/ii ?aae?coaaoe oiiao ?ciia??iaeiiai cai?uaiiy i?aeoe/ii iaaecae/aeii
neeaaeii. Oea icia/a?, ui i?ioean oaciooai?aiiy aaaaoieiiiiiaioiiai
oaa?aeiai ?ic/eio i?ioiaeeoue a iie? i?oaeieo iai?oa.

I?e iaeeo aaee/eiao iaa?aeiia?aeiino? IEA ai?oaen?aeueiee oa?
e?enoae?co?oueny ii iaoai?cio inaaaeiii?o?cio, a iaa?aeiia?aei?noue IEA
eiiiaino?oueny iiyaith iie?a i?oaeieo aeaoi?iaoe?e a nenoai?. A ?iaio? a
?aieao e?i?eii? ai?cio?iiii? oai??? i?oaeiino? io?eiai? ae?ace, ui
iia’ycothoue iaoai?/i? aeaoi?iaoe?? oa iai?oae a nenoai? c ieoiiith
a?eueiith aia?a??th aeey oiieeo oa??a, IEA yeeo iaia?a?aiei /eiii
ni?yaeaiee c ianeaiith iiaeeiaeeith.

Iiyaa iaoai?/ii? eiiiiiaioe a?eueii? aia?a?? a nenoai? ci?uo? o?i?/i?,
oacia? ??aiiaaae. Oea i?iyaey?oueny a ci?i? oaiia?aoo?e oaciaiai
ia?aoiaeo ??aeeia–oaa?aea (eiioaeoia ia?aioieiaeaeaiiy), yeui
eiioaeooth/? oace iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye eiina?aaoeai?, aai ae aeeeeea?
ia?ane/aiiy aca?iiae?th/i? c i?aeeiaeeith ??aeei? oace ca ?aooiie
?ic/eio inoaiiuei?. Aia?a?y i?oaeii? aeaoi?iaoe?? caaaeaee iiceoeaia,
oiio i?e aoaeue-yeiio aeae? aeaoi?iaoe?? caaaeueia aia?a?y nenoaie
ia?aaeuo? ?noeiii ??aiiaaaeio, o?i?/io. Oaeee ??aiiaaaeiee noai ?
eaac?noaa?eueiei ? aeey eiai iieno a ?iaio? a ?aieao oai??? ?aaoey?ieo
?ic/ei?a cai?iiiiiaai? a?aeiia?aei? ??aiyiiy.

??aiyiiy aeey aiae?co ?icaeyaeoaaii? ??aiiaaae aoee io?eiai? oeyoii
ei?aaoaaiiy a eeane/ieo oi?ioeao ?ic?aooie?a ae?aa?ai noaio ae?ac?a aeey
ioe?iee aeoeaiinoae eiiiiiaio?a a oaa?ae?e oac?. C o?aooaaiiyi
aeanoeaino? aaeeoeaiino? a?eueii? aia?a?? A?aana eiao?oe??ioe aeoeaiino?
iai?oaeaiiai oaa?aeiai noaio o ae?acao (1) ia?aioe?ithaaeenue
a?aeiia?aeii aei ae?ac?a:

, nij – eiao?oe??ioe aeoeaiino? oa e?euee?noue iieae inaaaeieiiiiiaioo
ij a iai?oaeaiiio noai?; Gex, Gel – a?eueia aia?a?? ci?ooaaiiy ?
i?oaeieo aeaoi?iaoe?e iaeiiai iiey oaa?aeiai ?ic/eio.

I?e oeueiio ooieoe?? noaio ??aeei? oace caeeoaeenue iaci?iieie. Oeae
o?aaiaio ?iaioe ? iiaei ? eiai iaiao?aeii ?icaeyaeaoe ye iiaeaeueoee
?icaeoie oai?aoe/ieo oyaeaiue i?i i?aeoacio aca?iiae?th noiniaii aei
ai?oaen?aeueii? e?enoae?caoe?? a aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo nenoaiao.

O a?aeiia?aeiino? aei io?eiaieo ae?ac?a a ?iaio? aoei cae?eniaii
iiaeaethaaiiy eaac???aiiaaaeiiai noaio i?ae ai?oaen?aeueieie oa?aie
/ioe?eeiiiiiaioieo oaa?aeeo ?ic/ei?a niieoe A3A5, ni?yaeaieo aei
a?ia?ieo i?aeeiaeie, ? a?aeiia?aeieie aaaaoieiiiiiaioieie ??aeeeie
oacaie aeey iaea?eueo aaaeeeaeo nenoai ? oaiia?aoo?ieo oiia aca?iiae??.

I?aeoe/ii aeey an?o ?icaeyiooeo eiioaeoieo ia? iiaeeco e?i?e
?ciia??iaee/iiai cai?uaiiy a?aei?/aii iayai?noue aaeeeeo iaeanoae c
iacia/iith aaee/eiith eiioaeoiiai ia?aioieiaeaeaiiy, ?i?oe?eiaaiiai
iaoai?/ieie iai?oaaie (?O < 1 E). Iaeiae, iaa?oue i?e oaeeo iaeeo aaee/eiao ia?aioieiaeaeaiiy neeaae eaac???aiiaaaeiiai oaa?aeiai ?ic/eio nooo?ai a?ae??ciyany a?ae o?i?/ii ??aiiaaaeiiai (iae. 2).I?e oeueiio iai?yiie ci?ie neeaaeo oaa?aei? oace o an?o aeiaaeeao aoa oaeei, ui ia??iae a?aoee aaaaoieiiiiiaioiiai oa?o iaaeeaeaany aei IEA i?aeeiaeee. Oea icia/aei, ui ?icaeyae ae?aa?aie noaio i?oaeii-aeaoi?iiaaiee oaa?aeee ?ic/ei – aeaniee ?icieaa ? ?ic?aooiee, aeeiiai? ia eiai iniia?, noaee oai?aoe/iei e?euee?niei i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi ?ai?oa a?aeiiiai ia i?aeoeoe? aoaeoo noaa?e?caoe?? IEA (neeaaeo) ie?aee i?e aaoa?iai?oaen?? (iae. 2).A ?iaio? iaaaaeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeieace ?nioaaiiy aoaeoa ci?uaiiy oaciaeo ??aiiaaa ca ?aooiie a?aenooiino? aai iaiiaii? ?aeaenaoe?? i?oaeieo iai?oa a nenoai?, ye?, a ia?oo /a?ao, i?iyaeythoueny o aeiieaaeoaaii? oiaeo caeaaeiinoae IEA oa?o a?ae ia?aiao??a ai?oaen?aeueiiai i?ioeano ii a?aeiioaiith aei aiaeia?/ieo, ia?aaeaa/aieo ??aiiaaaeiith ae?aa?aiith noaio (iae. 2).I?yiee aenia?eiaioaeueiee aeieac ci?uaiiy oaciaeo ??aiiaaa i?e ai?oaen?aeueiiio i?ioean? aoa io?eiaiee a ?iaio? i?e aecia/aii? oaiia?aoo? e?ea?aeona ??aeeeo oac iaoiaeii a?coaeueiiai oa?i?/iiai aiae?co. Aeine?aeaeaiith i?aeaeaaaeenue ?icieaae a?aeiiiai neeaaeo aei aca?iiae?? c i?aeeiaeeith ? i?ney. Iayai?noue a nenoai? i?oaeieo aeaoi?iaoe?e aeeeeeaei iaaeeeoeiaa ?ic/eiaiiy i?aeeiaeee ?c a?ia?ii? niieoee iane/aiei aaaaoieiiiiiaioiei ?icieaaii ? ia?aaiaeeei ??aeeo oaco a ia?aiane/aiee noai, yeee o?enoaaany aenia?eiaioaeueii. Aeinyaiooi a?aeiia?aei?noue ?ic?aooie?a eiioaeoiiai ia?aioieiaeaeaiiy ca cai?iiiiiaaiith iaoiaeeeith aeaii? noeoiiino? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo.Oaeei /eiii, a ?icae?e? iieacaii, ui o?eueee c a?aooaaiiyi aia?a?? i?oaeieo iai?oa a caaaeueiiio aia?aaoe/iiio aaeain? nenoaie iiaeia aaeaeaaoii iienaoe i?ioeane oaciooai?aiiy ? cae?enithaaoe iiooe /enaeueieo cia/aiue oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo ooieoe?e ci?uaiiy aeey ?icaeyaeoaaieo nenoai.E?iaoeea ianiia?aiino i?e oaciooai?aii?a aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo nenoaiaoAaaeeeaith i?e/eiith, ui a?aeaiaeeoue nenoaio a?ae noaio oa?iiaeeiai?/ii? ??aiiaaae ? aeniea oaeaee?noue i?ioean?a oaciooai?aiiy. A?aenooi?noue oa?iiaeeiai?/ii? ??aiiaaae a aaoa?ieiiiiiaioi?e nenoai? – oea ao?eaoo aoaeue-yeiai i?ioeano ooai?aiiy aaaaoieiiiiiaioiiai oaa?aeiai ?ic/eio ia a?ia?i?e i?aeeiaeoe?. I?e/eiith oaeiai noaa?aeaeaiiy ? a?aei?ii?noue a e?eueeino? eiiiiiaio?a o aca?iiae?th/eo na?aaeiaeuao. Inoaii? aeeeeea? iiyao ianiia?aiino a ia’?i? oac ? /a?ac iaaeo ?icae?eo, ui a?aeiia?aea? ca ??no aai ?ic/ei oaa?aei? oace.I?ioean ianii?aiino i?e e?enoae?caoe?? ?c ??aeei? oace cae?enith?oueny, ye i?aaeei, aeeooc?eiei iaoaieciii. A ?iaio? a ?aieao oyaeaiue i?i aeeooc?eiee ianiia?aiin iniiaieo eiiiiiaio?a a ia’?i? aeo?aeii? ??aeei? oace ? i?eiouaiue i?i iayai?noue oaciaeo ??aiiaaa ia i?aeoaci?e iaae? ?ic?iaeai? e?iaoe/i? iiaeae?, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue i?ioeane oaciooai?aiiy a /ioe?eeiiiiiaioieo nenoaiao oaa?aeeo ?ic/ei?a iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a.O a?aeiia?aeiino? aei ?ic?iaeaii? iiaeae? i?ioean e?enoae?caoe?? /ioe?eeiiiiiaioiiai oaa?aeiai ?ic/eio iieno?oueny o?ueiia aeeoa?aioe?eieie ??aiyiiyie ??aeeioaciai? aeeooc??, eiee eiioeaio?aoe?? eiiiiiaio?a ia iaae? iiae?eo i?aeei?ythoueny o?ainoeaiaeaioiei ??aiyiiyi oaciaeo ??aiiaaa ? o?ueii ??aiyiiyi caa?aaeaiiy ?a/iaeie ia i?aeoaci?e iaae? e?enoae–?icieaa. Ca nai?th nooi?noth ?ica’ycoaaia caaea/a i?aaenoaaey?oueny ?iciianthaeaeaiiyi eeane/ii? caaea/? Noaoaia ia i?ioeane ianiia?aiino, ui i?io?eathoue i?e aca?iiae?? aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo ??aeei? ? oaa?aei? oac.A ?iaio? iieacaii, ui eiioeaio?aoe?? eiiiiiaio?a ia iaae? iiae?eo i?e ?cioa?i?/iiio i?ioean? a ia/aeueiee ia??iae /ano eiioaeoo oac caeeoathoueny iaci?iieie, a oaeaee?noue ia?ai?uaiiy iaae? ?icae?eo i?iii?oe?eia eaaae?aoiiio ei?aith c /ano aca?iiae??. I?e oaeeo oiiaao ?niothoue aiae?oe/i? ??oaiiy aeeoa?aioe?aeueieo ??aiyiue ianiia?aiino a iaaeeaeaii? iai?aiane?i/aiieo na?aaeiaeu. Inoaii? ae?ace ni?eueii c oiiaaie caa?aaeaiiy e?eueeino? ?a/iaeie i?e oaciaiio ia?aoiae? aeicaieeei caanoe aeeooc?eio e?aeiao caaea/o aei nenoaie o?ainoeaiaeaioieo ??aiyiue aeey eiioeaio?aoe?e eiiiiiaio?a ia iaae? iiae?eo:; (2),– aeo?aeiee ai?no eiiiiiaioo ? a ?icieaa?; Di – eiao?oe??io aeeooc?? eiiiiiaioo ?; V(t) – ieoo?aa oaeaee?noue ?inoo; ? – ia?aiao? oaeaeeino? ?inoo.iia’ycai? oiiaaie oaciaeo ??aiiaaa, ye? a?aoiaothoue iayai?noue a iaeano? ?icae?eo iaoai?/ieo iai?oaeaiue aai i?.Ni?eueiee ?icaeyae e?iaoe/ieo ae?ac?a (2) oa ??aiyiue (1), yeee a?aoiao? iaoai?/io eiiiiiaioo aia?a?? i?aeoacii? iaae? (3) /e i?, noai?th? iniiao e?iaoe/ii? iiaeae? aca?iiae?? oac a aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo nenoaiao.A ?iaio? iieacaii, ui i?e aaeeeeo ia’?iao ??aeei? oace ? cia/ieo eiioeaio?aoe?eieo a?aae??ioao a ?icieaa? ianiia?aiin ?a/iaeie cae?enith?oueny eiiaaeoe?eiei iaoai?ciii. Aeey iieno yaeu ianiia?aiino a oae?e neooaoe?? canoiniaoaaeinue iaaeeaeaiiy iiaiiai ia?ai?ooaaiiy aeo?aeiiai na?aaeiaeua. ??aiyiiy, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue oaeo neooaoe?th a aaaaoieiiiiiaioi?e ?inoia?e nenoai?, io?eiai? a ?iaio? ye aeey aeiaaeeo ai?oaen?aeueii? aca?iiae?? oac, oae ? aeey oiia e?enoae?caoe?? ia’?iieo iiiie?enoae?a ia?aaiaoeue-oeeieiaeo oa?eo?a. A inoaiiueiio aeiaaeeo i?ioean ianiiai?io i?ae ??aeeith oacith, e?enoaeii, aaciaei na?aaeiaeuai ? i?aeieooth/ei i?eno?i?i oa?aeoa?ecoaaany nenoaiith aeeoa?aioe?aeueieo ??aiyiue ia?oiai ii?yaeeo.?ic?iaeai? iaeaoe ia/enethaaeueieo i?ia?ai aeicaieyee ?ica’ycoaaoe ye i?yio, oae ? iaa?iaio caaea/o iieno i?ioeano oaciooai?aiiy. Oea icia/a?, ui a ia?oiio aeiaaeeo ?ic?aooieiaa caaea/a ?ica’ycoaaeanue c iaoith aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a oaa?aeiai ?ic/eio (neeaae ?inoo/i? oaa?aei? oace, ia??iae ?? e?enoae?/ii? a?aoee, oe?eia caai?iiaii? ciie e oiui) ca caaeaieie oiiaaie i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioa. Ooeaiith aaee/eiith i?e ?ica’ycaii? iaa?iaii? caaea/? neoaeeee oiiae i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaio?a, ui caaacia/othoue io?eiaiiy iaoa??aeo ?c caaeaieie aeanoeainoyie.Oaeei /eiii, aaaaeaiiy iii?aaie ia iayai?noue i?oaeieo aeaoi?iaoe?e o aca?iiae?th/?e nenoai? ? ia e?iaoe/i? iniaeeaino? eiaeiiai ?c ?icaeyaeoaaieo i?ioean?a oaciooai?aiiy aeicaieeei noi?ioethaaoe caieioo? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae?, ye? iiai?noth oa?aeoa?ecothoue oe? yaeua a aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo nenoaiao, ? aeeeth/eoe ?c aiae?co ia??aiiaaaei? yaeua i?e iiooeo oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo ooieoe?e nenoai.Ia ia?oiio aoai? e?euee?niiai e?iaoe/iiai aiae?co ca aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie c a?aooaaiiyi iaoiaeee ?o io?eiaiiy cae?enithaaany iiooe iaea?eueo aeinoia??ieo oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo ooieoe?e nenoai. Ca iiaeaeueio nenoaio aea?aii aaaeeeaee c i?aeoe/ii? oi/ee ci?o oaa?aeee ?ic/ei GaInPAs. Io?eiai? ?c ?ica’ycoaaiiy e?iaoe/ieo ??aiyiue e?euee?ni? aeai? ca iaaaaeaieie aia?a?yie ci?uaiiy eiiiiiaio?a a iaio oacao aij ae??aithaaeenue iaoiaeii iaeiaioeo eaaae?ao?a ca e?i?eiith a?ae oaiia?aoo?e caeaaei?noth. Aenieee eiao?oe??io ei?aeyoe?? i?e oae?e i?ioeaaeo?? aeaco? ia aeinoia??i?noue ia?aiiai oai?aoe/iiai niiniao iieno oa?iiaeeiai?/iiai noaio oac a oe?ieiio ?ioa?aae? oaiia?aoo?. Iaiao?aeii a?aei?oeoe, ui ciaeaeai? ooieoe?? iaaeoaea a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae aaee/eie RT. Oea i?eioeeiiaii aaaeeeai, ine?eueee ia ciaoiaeeoueny o i?ioe??//? c iniiaieie i?eiouaiiyie oai??? ?aaoey?ieo ?ic/ei?a.Ciaeaeai? ia?aiao?e aeicaieeee cae?enieoe oa?iiaeeiai?/ia iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioean?a oaciooai?aiiy aeey oe?ieiai iaai?o iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo oaa?aeeo ?ic/ei?a aeacaiiai eeano.Caeiiii??iino? oaciooai?aiiya aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo nenoaiaoCa aeiiiaith ?ic?iaeaieo a ?iaio? iaoaiaoe/ieo oyaeaiue cae?eniaii iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioeano ??aeeioaciai? ai?oaen?? a nenoaiao Ga–In–P–As, Ga–In–As–Sb ? aeo?aeieo o?eeiiiiiaioieo oaa?aeeo ?ic/eiao aeey an?o i?aeoe/ii aaaeeeaeo ?ioa?aae?a neeaae?a iaoa??ae?a. Niinoa??aa?ia oi?ioa a?aeiia?aei?noue ?ic?aooie?a aenia?eiaioo aeey caeaaeiino? neeaaeo oaa?aeeo ?ic/ei?a a?ae oaiia?aoo?e ?inoo, neeaaeo iaoi/iiai ??aeeiiiai na?aaeiaeua, ia?aioieiaeaeaiiy nenoaie, oiui aeicaiey? noaa?aeaeoaaoe aaeaeaaoi?noue oyaeaiue i?i aeeooc?eii-iaiaaeaio e?enoae?caoe?th ?aaeueiei i?ioeanai, ui i?io?eathoue i?e oaciooai?aii?.I?eioeeiiaei ?acoeueoaoii, ui aeo?ea? ?c ?ic?iaeaii? iiaeae? e?enoae?caoe??, ? iiaeeea?noue inaaeaeaiiy aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo oaa?aeeo ?ic/ei?a iaeiiai ? oiai ae neeaaeo c ?icieaao ?c ??ciei ai?noii iniiaieo eiiiiiaio?a. Oaea yaeua ia i?ioe??/eoue oacia?e ae?aa?ai?, aea ?nio? iaeiicia/iee ca’ycie i?ae neeaaeaie eiioaeooth/eo oac, a ? a?aeia?aaeaiiyi aieeao oaeaeeino? ?inoo ia eiao?oe??ioe ?iciiae?eo iae?ieiiiiiaio?a o nooo?ai ia??aiiaaaei?e nenoai?. Neacaia noaa?aeaeaiiy ? ocaaaeueiaiiyi iaaeeaeaiiy Aa?oiia–I?eia–Neeooa?a ia i?ioeane ?inoo oaa?aeeo ?ic/ei?a ?c aaaaoieiiiiiaioii? ??aeei? oace. Iaiao?aeii a?aei?oeoe, ui, yeui a eeane/iiio iaaeeaeaii? Aa?oiia–I?eia–Neeooa?a, neeaae aai ae aoaeoeai? eiao?oe?aioe ?iciiae?eo ? ?iaa??aioith a?aeiinii noaei? oaeaeeino? e?enoae?caoe??, oi o aeiaaeeo ?cioa?i?/ii? aaoa?iai?oaen?? oaeei ia?aiao?ii aenooia? noaea aaee/eia – ia?aiao? oaeaeeino? ?inoo ?.Aeey eiaeiiai neeaaeo oaa?aei? oace ?niothoue nai? caeaaeiino? ii/aoeiaeo eiioeaio?aoe?e eiiiiiaio?a a?ae ia?aiao?a oaeaeeino? ?inoo, ye? ca o?ce/iei ci?noii ne?ae o?aeooaaoe e?iaoe/ieie iii?aaeaie ia ia?ane/aiiy aei ae?aa?aie noaio i?e aeai?? oiia oaciooai?aiiy a ?cioa?i?/iiio ?aaeei?. Canoinoaaiiy a oai?aoe/iiio ?icaeyae? oaeeo iii?aaie nooo?ai i?aeaeueei oi/i?noue iieno aenia?iaioaeueieo aeaieo c ?OA a nenoaiao A3A5 ii anueiio iieth ae?aa?aie neeaae?a.I?e iiaeaethaaii? e?iaoeee oaciooai?aiiy ca a?aie/i? oiiae aeey ?ic?aooieo eiioeaio?aoe?eieo iie?a iiaeeco o?iioa e?enoae?caoe?? aeei?enoiaoaaeinue ye ??aiiaaaeia, oae ? a?aoiaoth/a iayai?noue iaoai?/ieo iai?oa iaaeeaeaiiy aeey ioe?iie eiioeaio?aoe?e eiiiiiaio?a ia iiaa?oi? ?inoo. A?aei?/aii, ui aieea iaoai?/ieo iai?oa iniaeeai neeueii a?aeaeaa?oueny ia i?ioean? ai?oaen?? a i??o iaaeeaeaiiy oa?iiaeeiai?/ieiai noaio nenoaie aei iaae? ni?iiaeaeueiiai ?iciaaeo. A oe?eiio iaoai?/i? aeaoi?iaoe?? a aaoa?ino?oeoo?? a?aeiia?aeathoue ca cieaeaiiy /ooeeaino? ia?aiao??a oa??a aei oiia ae?iuoaaiiy, ui a?aeia?aaea?oueny ia ciaioaii? aaee/ei /anoeiieo iio?aeieo a?ae neeaaeo oaa?aeiai ?ic/eio ca aoaeue-yeei ?c ciai?oi?o ia?aiao??a i?ioeano oaciooai?aiiy.a?ae neeaaeo oaa?aeiai ?ic/eio GaxIn1-xPyAs1-y. ?ic?aooiee aeeiiai? ye c iayai?noth iaoai?/ieo iai?oaeaiue a iaeano? aaoa?iiaae? (2), oae ? a iaaeeaeaii? o?i?/ii? ??aiiaaae (1, 3) i?e ??cieo oaeaeeinoyo ianiia?aiino a ??aee?e oac?.Iae. 3: 1, 2 – aeeooc?eia iiaeaeue;3 – iiaeaeue iiaiiai ia?ai?ooaaiiy Iae. 4: 1,2 – iaae? ianoaa?eueiiai oa iaoanoaa?eueiiai noaio nenoaie Ga–In–P–As i?e O = 900 E;- - – eiiiaee ?iciaaeo;n – e?eoe/iee neeaae ?iciaaeoAaaaeaiiy a ?icaeyae aia?a?e i?oaeieo aeaoi?iaoe?e a?aeia?aaea?oueny o?eueee ia e?euee?nieo ioe?ieao oiai /e ?ioiai ia?aiao?a ?inoo/i? oace, oiae? ye ye?nia oa?iiaeeiai?/ia ea?oeia nenoaie caeeoa?oueny iaci?iiith.Aeeiiaiee aiae?c aeicaieea io?eiaoe e?euee?ni? aeai? i?i aieea oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo aeanoeainoae (iieiaeaiiy ? oi?ia oa?aeoa?enoe/ieo e?i?e ae?aa?aie noaio) ? e?iaoe/ieo ia?aiao??a ia i?ioean oaciooai?aiiy a aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo nenoaiao. Aeey oeueiai a ?iaio? aeeiiaii iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioeano ae?iuoaaiiy /ioe?eeiiiiiaioieo oaa?aeeo ?ic/ei?a a iaaeeaeaii? iiaiiai ia?ai?ooaaiiy aeo?aeii? ??aeeiai na?aaeiaeua. Ni?anoaaeaiiy oaeiai aeaeo ?acoeueoao?a ?ic?aooie?a, c aiaeia?/ieie aeaieie, io?eiaieie a iaaeeaeaii? aeeooc?eii-iaiaaeaiiai ?inoo iieacaei, ui aa??aoe?y oaeaeeino? inaaeaeaiiy a?ae iane?i/aiii aaeeei? (iiaia ia?ai?ooaaiiy) aei aenia?eiaioaeueii niinoa??aa?ii? ia nooo?ai ci?ith? ?aaeoe?? nenoaie (iae. 3). Oiio noaa?aeaeo?oueny, ui naia ooieoe?iiaeueia caeaaei?noue a?eueieo aia?a?e A?anna oac a?ae neeaaeo ? oaiia?aoo?e, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue ca oi?io ae?aa?aie noaio oaa?aeiai ?ic/eio, ? aieiaiei oaeoi?ii, ui aecia/a? oa?iiaeeiai?/io iiaaae?ieo aaaaoieiiiiiaioii? nenoaie.I?e e?enoae?caoe?? oa??a i?ioyaii o?eaaeiai i?ii?aeeo /ano aai ae ?c ??aeei? oace iaeiai ia’?io ia ia?aiao?e oa??a nooo?ai a?aeaeaathoueny aaiiao?e/i? ?ici??e ??aeei? oace. ?ic?iaeai? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? aeicaieythoue ioe?ieoe aieea oeueiai oaeoi?a ia ia?aiao?u iaoa?eaeo. I?iaaaeaia a ?iaio? /enaeueia iiaeaethaaiiy oaeiai i?ioeano iieacaei, ui aaiiao?e/ia iaiaaeaiiy iaoi/iiai ?ic/eio i?iyaey?oueny aeaiia oaeoi?aie. Ii-ia?oa, oea nooo?aa ciaioaiiy oaeaeeino? e?enoae?caoe?? i?ney iiiaioa t = 0,3 L2/D, ii-ae?oaa, a oeae aea iiiaio ii/eia?oueny nooo?aa naa?aaaoe?eia ci?ia neeaaeo ? IEA oaa?aeiai ?ic/eio ?c-ca ii?ooaiiy i?iii?oe?eiino? iioie?a ?a/iaeie aei o?iioo e?enoae?caoe??. Oiio i?e io?eiaii? aeinoaoiuei oianoeo aenieiiaeii??aeieo oa??a oaa?aeeo ?ic/ei?a iaae?yoeny ia ca?eueoaiiy oiaueie ie?aee ca ?aooiie ca?eueoaiiy /ano ?inoo iaaei?aaaeaii.A i?ioean? cae?eniaiiy iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioean?a oaciooai?aiiy a aaoa?ieiiiiiaioieo nenoaiao A3A5 aoee aeyaeai? iniaeea? ?ioa?aaee neeaae?a ? oaiia?aoo?, aea niinoa??aaeanue aiiiaeueii aeniea /ooeea?noue nenoaie aei aoaeue-yeeo aa??aoe?e ia?aiao??a, i?ioeano oaciooai?aiiy. Oe? iaeano? aea/aeenue a ?iaio? iaea?eueo aeieeaaeii ye a oai?aoe/iiio, oae ? a aenia?eiaioaeueiiio a?aeiioaii?. A iiaeaeuei?e nenoai? GaoIn1-oPyAs1-y neacaia a?aeiineoueny aei ?ioa?aaeo neeaae?a c y = 0,1–0,25, aea aeyaeyeanue aiiiaeueii aeniea /ooea?noue IEA aei ci?i oaiia?aoo?e ?inoo (iae. 3).Aiae?c iieacaa, ui oaea neooaoe?y iaoiiaeaia oa?iiaeeiai?/ieie aeanoeainoyie nenoaie ? ia caeaaeeoue a?ae e?iaoeee oaciooai?aiiy. Ae?enii, ciaeaeai? ooieoe?? ci?uaiiy aecia/athoue iayai?noue iaeanoae iaci?ooaaiino? a oaa?ae?e oac? a aaaaoueio aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo oaa?aeeo ?ic/eiao nenoaie A3A5. Cieaeaiiy oa?iiaeeiai?/ii? no?eeino? oace ? aeanoea?noth i?aeaeuaiiai /enea ci?ooaaieo eiiiiiaio?a, yea a?aeiia?aea? ca ca?eueoaiiy e?eoe/ii? oaiia?aoo?e ?icoa?oaaiiy. A?aei?oeii, ui aeey aeo?aeieo iio??eieo nenoai oaeiai aeaeo iaeanoae ?iciaaeo a a?eueoino? nenoai A3A5 ia niinoa??aa?oueny. Oiio oaeo iiaaae?ieo iaiao?aeii i?eciaoe ao?eaooii naia aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo oaa?aeeo oac.Oa?iiaeeiai?/ii eaac?noaa?euei? noaieaaaaoieiiiiiaioieo oaa?aeeo ?ic/ei?aAenie? cia/aiiy a?eueieo aia?a?e oaa?aeioaciiai ci?uaiiy, ye? ciaeaeai? a iiia?aaeiueiio ?icae?e?, iathoue iiceoeai? cia/aiiy. Nenoai?, yea ia? cia/io iiceoeaio aioaeuei?th ci?uaiiy, i?e aecia/aieo oiiaao a?aeiia?aea? ianoaa?eueiee aai ae, a e?aeiueiio aeiaaeeo, eaac?noaa?eueiee noai.Canoinoaaiiy caaaeueiiai oa?iiaeeiai?/iiai e?eoa??th no?eeino? oac aei aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo oaa?aeeo ?ic/ei?a ?c cai?uaiiyi eiiiiiaio?a aai a iaei?e, aai a iaio i?ae?ao?oeao e?enoae?/ii? no?oeoo?e noaea?eoo aeicaieeei a aeai?e ?iaio? io?eiaoe nenoaie ??aiyiue, ui iienothoue iieiaeaiiy ni?iiaeaeae iaci?ooaaiino?.A ?iaio? a ?aieao oai??? i?inoeo ?ic/ei?a cai?iiiiiaai? ae?ace, ui iienothoue iieiaeaiiy iaae? iaoanoaa?eueii? iaeano? noaio oaa?aeeo ?ic/ei?a c iaiia oeiaie cai?uaiiy eiiiiiaio?a a i?ae?ao?oeao no?oeoo?e noaea?eoo. Oe? ae?ace ? iane?aeeii ??aiino? oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo iioaioe?ae?a a?ia?ieo inaaaeieiiiiiaio?a, ui ooai?ththoue /aoaa?iee oaa?aeee ?ic/ei. C aeei?enoaiiyi io?eiaieo oi?ioe aeeiiai? ?ic?aooiee iieiaeaiue ni?iiaeaeae iaci?ooaaiino?, iaae iaoanoaa?eueieo iaeanoae ? eiiiae neeaae?a ?iciaaeo iaea?eueo aaaeeeaeo /ioe?eeiiiiiaioieo oaa?aeeo ?ic/ei?a (GaInPAs, GaInAsSb, InPAsSb) aeey oeiiaeo oiia ai?oaen?aeueii? e?enoae?caoe??. Io?eiai? aeai? iieacothoue, ui i?e ?iciaae? ia?ane/aiiai oaa?aeiai ?ic/eio eiiiaee neeaae?a ??aiiaaaeieo oac, ye i?aaeei, iai?aaeai? a?ae eaaeiieaaeiai aei naiiai ooaiieaaeiai eiiiiiaioa iaoa??aeo (iae. 4).?c ?ic?aooie?a ne?ae, ui ni?iiaeaeuei? ? a?iiaeaeuei? ?cioa?ie i?e oeiiaeo oiiaao i?iaaaeaiiy i?ioeano ?OA ?icoaoiaai? aaciina?aaeiuei iiaeeco iaea?eueo aaaeeeaeo niieoe oaa?aeeo ?ic/ei?a nenoai A3A5 (iae. 4), a a ?yae? nenoai iaa?oue ? ?o ai?uothoue. A ?iaio? aeieacaii, ui naia iano?eeee aai aeecueeee aei iueiai noai oaa?aei? oace ? oa?iiaeeiai?/iith i?e/eiith iiyae e?iaoe/ieo aiiiae?e (iae. 3) o i?io?eaii? i?ioeano oaciooai?aiiy. A?aei?/a?oueny, ui aoaeo ni?iiaeaeueiiai ?iciaaeo oaa?aeeo ?ic/ei?a a ?aaeueieo aenia?eiaioao ianeo?oueny a?eueo neeueieie o?ce/ieie yaeuaie. Aieiaia c ieo – oea noaa?e?coth/ee aieea ianeaii? i?aeeiaeee, yea ? ?i?oe?aoi?ii ciai?oi?o iie?a i?oaeieo iai?oa a nenoai?.?icaeyae ciai?oi?o aeaoi?ioth/eo iai?oa a caaaeueiiio aia?aaoe/iiio aaeain? oaa?aei? oace i?aeoe/ii ci?ia? iaiaaeaiiy ia iiaeeea?noue io?eiaiiy oac ?c neeaaeii, ui iiiaaea? a iaeanoue ianoaa?eueiino?. ?ioeie neiaaie, aaaaeaiiy a ??aiyiiy o?i?/ii? ni?iiaeae? i?oaeii? aia?a?? aeaoi?iaoe?? oiiei? ie?aee iieaco?, ui aaeee? iaeano? iaci?ooaaiino? cae?eaathoueny. Oiio noaa?aeaeo?oueny, ui naia i?oaeia aia?a?y ? ?i?oe?aoi?ii ai?oaen?aeueiiai i?ioeano a oeeo ianoaa?eueieo oiiaao. Na?aae aeieac?a aeecueeino? noaio nenoai A3A5 aei aaniethoiiai ianoaa?eueiiai a?aei?/athoueny aenia?eiaioaeueii niinoa?aaeoaai? no?eaee neeaae?a a ai?oaen?aeueieo oa?ao i?e ia?aoiae? iaae no?eeino? o aeiaaeeo inaaeaeaiiy oianoeo ie?aie, iiaeoeyoe?y (ia??iaee/i? i?e?ieieeaaiiy) neeaaeo ia?iaiaeeeoey?ii o?iioo e?enoae?caoe?? ?, aieiaia, – oea aeniea /ooeea?noue ia?aiao??a oaciooai?aiiy aei oiia i?iaaaeaiiy i?ioeano (iae. 3).I?ioeane ?aeaenaoe?? ia??aiiaaaeieo noai?a i?e aaoa?iai?oaen??Iaea?eueo aaaiiei aeieacii aaeaeaaoiino? ?ic?iaeaieo o?ce/ieo oyaeaiue ?aaeueiei i?ioeanai iaiao?aeii aeciaoe aenieioi/iee iien i?ioeano iane/aiiy aaaaoieiiiiiaioii? ??aeei? oace ?c ?ic/eithaaii? i?aeeiaeee, yeee o?nii iia’ycaiee c iiyaith a nenoai? i?oaeieo iai?oa ? yaeuaie ianiia?aiino eiiiiiaio?a a eiioaeooth/eo na?aaeiaeuao.Iniiaith oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo ?ic?iaie iineoaeea aenia?eiaioaeueii aeyaeaiee oaeo ?nioaaiiy ia iiaa?oi? i?aeeiaeee a i?ioean? eiioaeoo c ??aeeith oacith oiieiai ia?ao?aeiiai oa?o. I?enooi?noue oaeiai oa?o a oe?eiio eiiieaen? ai?oaen?aeueieo nenoai a aeaiee /an aeieacaia aaaaoueia aaoi?aie, a oiio /ene? ? ?acoeueoaoaie iiaeaii? ?iaioe.Ca?aeii c ?ic?iaeaieie oyaeaiiyie i?eioneaeinue, ui iayai?noue aeaoi?iaoe?eii? neeaaeiai? caeeoeiai? aia?a?? ci?uaiiy o iai?oaeaiiio ia?ao?aeiiio oa?? ia ii/aoeia?e noaae?? aca?iiae?? noeioeth? ?ic/eiaiiy i?aeeiaeee c ia?aaaaeaiiyi ??aeei? oace a ia?ane/aiee noai. Ia oe?e noaae?? i?ioean ?ic/eiaiiy iienoaaany iaoaiaoe/iith ?ioa?i?aoaoe??th iiaeae? iiaiiai ia?ai?ooaaiiy ?icieaao, eiee eiioeaio?aoe?? eiiiiiaio?a ia iaae? ?icae?eo oac i?aeei?ythoueny ??aiyiiyi ??aiiaaae i?oaeii-aeaoi?iiaaiee oa? – ia?ane/aia ??aeea oaca. Oaeee i?aeo?ae aei aiae?co i?ioean?a ianiia?aiino aei?aaaeaiee oei, ui i?e iane/aii? ?icieaao c i?aeeiaeee-aeaea?aea ?ic/eithaaia oaa?aea oaca ciaoiaeeoueny a ieaei?e /anoei? ?icieaao, ui noeioeth? iiyao eiiaaeoeaiiai ianiia?aiino a ia’?i? ??aeei? oace. Aeae? i?eioneaeinue, ui ia?aioieiaeaeaiiy ??aeei? oace iaaaeeea ? iaaeinoaoi? aeey ooai?aiiy ca?iaee?a oaa?aei? oace a ia’?i? ?icieaao, ? a oie ae /an nenoaia aeinyaea naiai e?ioeaaiai, eaac???aiiaaaeiiai noaio, ui aecia/a?oueny eiie?aoiith o?ao?aoeaiith e?aieith ia iiaa?oi? eaac???aiiaaaeiiai e?ea?aeona nenoaie.Ianooiiee aoai iiaeaethaaiiy a?oiooaaany ia i?eiouaii?, ui a i??o c?inoaiiy oiaueie ia?ao?aeiiai oa?o ca ?aooiie ianiiai?io eiiiiiaioaie /a?ac i?aeoacio iaaeo ia?aiao?e inoaiiueiai aeinyaee nai?o e?eoe/ieo cia/aiue. Inoaii? iaoiiaeth? ?aeaenaoe?th a nenoai? i?oaeieo iai?oa, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei ciaioaiiy a?eueii? aia?a?? oaa?aei? oace. ?acoeueoaoii oaeiai i?ioeano iiaeiii aooe inaaeaeaiiy ia i?aeeiaeoe? caeeoeiai? ?ic/eiaii? a ??aee?e oac? ?a/iaeie aai, ui oa ae naia, ooai?aiiy ia i?aeeiaeoe? caoeniiai oa?o. E?ioeaaeie i?iaeoeoaie oaei? aca?iiae?? iiaeii? aooe oace ?c neeaaeii, ui a?aeiia?aea? ??aiiaaaei?e ae?aa?ai? noaio. Iiaeaethaaiiy oaeiai inaaeaeaiiy cae?enithaaeinue o a?aeiia?aeiino? c iiaeaeeth aeeooc?eii-iaiaaeaii? e?enoae?caoe?? a i?eiouaii? i?i oa, ui eiioeaio?aoe?? eiiiiiaio?a ia iaae? ?icae?eo oac i?aeei?ythoueny oiiaai o?i?/ieo oaciaeo ??aiiaaa.?ic?aooiee ii ioe?ioe? ia?aiao??a aca?iiae?? i?aeeiaeie GaP ? GaAs c ??aeeeie ?icieaaaie Ga-In-P, Ga-P-As, Al-Ga-P-As ca aeacaieie oyaeaiiyie iieacaee oe?eeii caaeia?eueio a?aeiia?aei?noue ?ic?aooie?a ?c niaoe?aeueii i?iaaaeaieie aenia?eiaioaie.Iaiao?aeii iniaeeai a?aei?oeoe, ui ?acoeueoao aca?iiae?? i?aeeiaeee-aeaea?aea c iane/aiith ??aeeith oacith, ye i?aaeei, ca eiioeaio?aoe??th eiiiiiaio?a nooo?ai a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae aeo?aeii?. Oeae oai?aoe/iee aeniiaie i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny niaoe?aeueii i?iaaaeaieie aenia?eiaioaie, aea iieacaii nooo?aa ci?uaiiy o?ao?aoeaii? oi/ee a?ae ii/aoeiaiai iieiaeaiiy a ?acoeueoao? ?aeaenaoe?eiiai i?ioeano. Oiio ?aii?oaaiiy oeueiai yaeua i?e ea?oaaii? neeaaeii oac iiaea neoaoaaoe aeaea?aeii nooo?aeo iiieeie i?e i?iaaaeaii? i?ioeano aaoa?iai?oaen??.Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe c iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioean?a ?aeaenaoe?? iieiaeaiiy i?aeoacii? iaae? a aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo nenoaiao iieacothoue ye i?eioeeiiao iiaeeea?noue iiaeaethaaiiy iane/aiiy ??aeei? oace a nenoaiao c iayai?noth iaoai?/ieo iai?oaeaiue, oae ? aeiaiaeeoue canoiniaoaai?noue ?ic?iaeaieo oyaeaiue i?i ci?uaiiy oaciaeo ??aiiaaa ca ?aooiie iayaiino? i?oaeieo iai?oa a nenoai? aei iieno ?aeaenaoe?eieo yaeu i?e aaoa?iai?oaen??.?aeaenaoe?ei? i?ioeane, iaoiiaeai? iayai?noth a ai?oaen?aeueieo nenoaiao iaoai?/ieo iai?oa, aeei?enoiaoaaeenue a ?iaio? i?e ?ic?iaoe? niaoe?aeueieo ?aaeei?a ?cioa?i?/iiai io?eiaiiy ie?aie oaa?aeeo ?ic/ei?a. Ae?enii, ea?oth/e aaee/eiith aia?a?? i?oaeieo aeaoi?iaoe?e, cae?enith?oueny ci?ia aaee/eie eiioaeoiiai ia?aioieiaeaeaiiy ??aeei? oace, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei inaaeaeaiiy ia i?aeeiaeoe? ai?oaen?aeueiiai oa?o. Oaeee niin?a ai?oaen?? iiaeia ?aae?coaaoe, aeei?enoiaoth/e i?aeaeuaia /enei oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo nooiai?a naiaiaee a aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo nenoaiao aeey ea?oaaiiy aaee/eiith i?oaeii? aia?a??. Canoinoaaiiy anueiai eiiieaeno oai?aoe/ieo ia?aaeoiia aeaii? ?iaioe aeicaieeei oai?aoe/ii aea?aoe oiiae ?ic/eiaiiy ia?ciia??iaee/ii? i?aeeiaeee GaP (111) a ?icieaa? In–P, ye? i?e iaci?ii?e oaiia?aoo?? i?ioeano caaacia/oaaee e?enoae?caoe?th oa?o oaa?aeiai ?ic/eio GaInP ia ?ciia??iaee/i?e eiio i?aeeiaeoe? GaAs (A.N. ? 1232078). ?ioeie neiaaie, ?ic?iaeai? iiaeaeuei? oyaeaiiy ia o?eueee aeicaieyee iienaoe ? ?ioa?i?aooaaoe aenia?eiaioaeuei? ?acoeueoaoe, aea e aeicaieeee ia?aaeaa/eoe ? e?euee?nii ni?iaiicoaaoe iia? ?aaeeie e?enoae?caoe?? aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo oa??a.INIIAI? AENIIAEEI?aaenoaaeai? a aeai?e ?iaio? ?acoeueoaoe oai?aoe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?ioeano oaciooai?aiiy a aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo iai?aipia?aeieeiaeo nenoaiao aeicaieythoue c?iaeoe ianooii? ocaaaeueiaiiy ? aeniiaee:1. Aia?oa cae?eniaii oa?iiaeeiai?/ia ? iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioean?a oaciooai?aiiy a aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo nenoaiao i?e io?eiaii? iaoa??ae?a aeaeo?iiii? oaoi?ee aaaaoiooieoe?iiaeueiiai i?ecia/aiiy.2. Iieacaii, ui a aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo iai?aipia?aeieeiaeo nenoaiao A3A5 caaeia?eueia a?aeiia?aei?noue oaip?? aeniapeiaioo ca oaciaeie p?aiiaaaaie picieaa–epenoae a oepieiio oaiiapaoopii-eiioeaiopaoe?eiiio ia’?i? oaciaiai ipinoi?o aeinyaa?oueny o?eueee ?c canoinoaaiiyi e?i?eii caeaaeieo a?ae oaiiapaoope i?eaaaeaieo caeeoeiaeo aiapa?e ci?uaiiy a iaio eiioaeooth/eo oacao. Oeyoii iine?aeiaiiai picaeyaeo oapaeoapa oaciauo ??aiiaaa a?ae a?iapieo nenoai aei aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo aecia/aii iaa?p naiiocaiaeaeaieo oapiiaeeiai?/ieo ooieoe?e, canoinoaaiiy yeeo aea? iaee?auo a?aeiia?aei?noue aeniapeiaioaeueiei aeaiei.3. Iieacaii, ui a aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo iai?aipia?aeieeiaeo nenoaiao, ui epenoae?cothoueny a nopoeoop? oi?iae?, iienaoe oacia? p?aiiaaae epenoae–picieaa–aac iiaeia o?eueee ?c canoinoaaiiyi oaip?? anioe?eiaaieo pic/ei?a ? oyaeaiue i?i ?nioaaiiy eeniaaeo eiiieaen?a neeaaeiiai neeaaeo a aaaaoieiiiiiaioi?e ??aee?e oac?. O a?aeiia?aeiino? c oaip??th anioe?eiaaieo pic/ei?a aeeiiaii aiae?c ae?aa?aie noaio a iaeano? oi?iaeaooai?aiiy nenoaie oeeie–iapaaiaoeue–cae?ci–eenaiue.4. A ?aieao oai??? i?inoeo ?ic/ei?a ? oyaeaiue i?i ieineo i?oaeio aeaoi?iaoe?th oiieiai oa?o cai?iiiiiaai? ??aiyiiy eaac?p?aiiaaaeii? ae?aa?aie noaio aeaoipiiaaia ie?aea–aeaniee picieaa aeey aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo nenoai A3A5. O a?aeiia?aeiino? c iiaeaeeth ipoaeiiai ni?yaeaiiy ai?oaen?aeueiiai oa?o ? i?aeeiaeee aeeiiaii aiae?c ia?aiao??a eaac?noaa?eueii? ??aiiaaae a caeaaeiino? a?ae oiia aca?iiae?? i?aeeiaeie ? picieaao aeey /ioepe- ? opeeiiiiiaioieo oaa?aeeo ?ic/ei?a A3A5.5. O a?aeiia?aeiino? c oaip??th aeeooc?eii iaiaaeaiiai pinoo aeeiiaii e?iaoe/iee aiae?c i?ioean?a ianiia?aiino i?e oaciooai?aii? a aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo nenoaiao. Aeey ?cioa?i?/ieo oiia e?enoae?caoe?? ciaeaeai? aiae?oe/i? ?ica’ycee aeeoapaioe?eieo ??aiyiue ianiia?aiino, ye? nipaaaaeeea? ia ii/aoeia?e noaae?? ai?oaen?aeueii? aca?iiae?? (t ? 0,2L2/D). Iieacaii, ui aeey aeacaiiai /aniaiai ?ioapaaeo neeaae inaaeaeoaaii? oace caeeoa?oueny noaeei, a ?iaap?aioiith ci?iiith, yea caaacia/o? epenoae?caoe?th oa?o iaeiiai ? oiai ae neeaaeo ?c picieaao c p?ciei ii/aoeiaei ai?noii eiiiiiaio?a, ? iapaiaop ?.6. Iieacaii, ui aeey a?eueoino? oaa?aeeo ?ic/ei?a niieoe A3A5 oeiia? oaiia?aoo?ii-eiioeaio?aoe?ei? oiiae oaciooai?aiiy ?c aeaniiai picieaao ?icoaoiaai? iiaeeco aai iaa?oue a na?aaeei? iiaa?oiiue iaoanoaa?eueiiai /e iaa?oue aaniethoii ianoaa?eueiiai noaio oaa?aei? oace. A paieao oaip?? ipinoeo pic/ei?a cai?iiiiiaai? aepace ? aeeiiai? pic?aooiee iieiaeaiiy ni?iiaeaeueieo ? a?iiaeaeueieo iiaapoiiue a /aoaapieo oaa?aeeo ?ic/eiao nenoai A3A5.7. Ia iniia? ?ic?iaeaieo oai?aoe/ieo oyaeaiue cai?iiiiiaaii iaeao ?iaeaia?ieo ia/enethaaeueieo i?ia?ai, ye? aeicaieythoue iia?aoeaii iiaeaethaaoe eiie?aoi? ?aaeeie oaciooai?aiiy a aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo nenoaiao. Canoinoaaiiy ia/enethaaeueieo ipiapai aeicaieeei aoaeoeaii ea?oaaoe ipioeanii io?eiaiiy ai?oaen?aeueieo aaoapinopoeoop ia iniia? aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo nenoai A3A5 a paieao aeine?aeiiai ae?iaieoeoaa ipeeaae?a ?iopaepanii? iioiaeaeopii?ee ? ipioeanii aepiuoaaiiy a nap?eiiio ae?iaieoeoa? ia’?iieo iiiiepenoae?a iaai?oieo oi?iaeae. Oai?aoe/ii ia?aaeaa/aii ? ?aae?ciaaii iiaee iaoiae ?cioa?i?/ii? ai?oaen?? oaa?aeeo ?ic/ei?a nenoaie A3A5.INIIAI? IOAE?EAOe?? II OAI? AeENA?OAOe??Eociaoeia A.A., Iineaei I.I., Ni?ieei A.N. Ia?aaiiaaniua yaeaiey i?e aeeaeeinoiie aaoa?iyieoaenee iieoi?iaiaeieeiauo oaa?aeuo ?anoai?ia. – I.: Iaoaeeo?aey, 1991. – 174 n.Ai?aeaiie A.O., Iaeeaaie A.I., Iineaei I.I., Ni?ieei A.N., Oneeia A.N. Enneaaeiaaiea oaciauo ?aaiiaanee a nenoaia Ga–In–P–As. – AEOO, 1982. – O. 56. – ? 10. – N. 2416–2421.Gorelenok A.T., Kuznetsov V.V., Moskvin P.P., Sorokin V.S. Perculiarities of LPE in GaInPAs/InP lattice-matched heterostructure. – J. Cryst.Growth, 1987. – V. 80. – P. 298–306.Iineaei I.I. Eaacenoaaeeueiua ninoiyiey a oaoiieiaee iiiaieiiiiiaioiuo no?oeoo? aeey iee?iyeaeo?iieee // Iaoa??aee III Iiaeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? "No/anii oaoiieiai? a aa?ieinii/iiio eiiieaeni". – AEeoiie?, 9–11 aa?aniy, 1997 ?. – N. 108–110.Iineaei I.I. Oa?iiaeeiaie/aneia iiaeaee?iaaiea noaaeee ieii/aoaeueiiai niaeaiey ea?aie/aneeo aa?ee-no?iioeeaauo iaaieoiuo no?oeoo?// Iaoa??aee III Iiaeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? 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Oa?iiaeeiaii/ii iniaeeainoi niieaiiy i oaciaa ?iaiiaaaa iiae ne?eaeaiith iiaa?oiath e?enoaeioia oa ?o aeaniei ?icieaaii a nenoaii aa?ie–no?iioeie–caeici–eenaiue // Ainiee AEIOI. – 1997. – ? 6/Oaoi?/i? iaoee. – N. 29–34.Iineaii I.I. Oa?iiaeeiaiiea iiaeca?ieiii? aca?iiaei? iiae /an inoaoi/iiai niieaiiy e?enoaeioia aa?ie-no?iioei?aiai aaenaoa?eoia. 2. Iiaeca?iiee ianiiaiii i?e niieaiii a i?enooiinoi ?iaeei? oace oa iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioeano inoaoi/iiai niieaiiy ii?ioeo aa?ie-no?iioei?aiai oa?eoo // Ainiee AEIOI. – 1997. – ? 7/Oaoi?/i? iaoee. – N. 23–26.Iineaei I.I., Eociaoeia A.A., Naaiei E.A. Oaciaua ?aaiiaaney a iaeanoe oieiaeaia?aciaaiey nenoaiu aeaeaci–eenei?iae. – AEOO, 1988. – O. 62. – ? 12. – N. 3196–3200.Euiei N.A., Iineaei I.I., Ioaie/iia A.A., Naaiei E.A. ?aaiiaaney e?enoaee–?anieaa-aac a iaeanoe ia?aciaaiey oieiaee nenoaiu oeeie–ia?aaiaoe–aeaeaci–eenei?iae. 1. Aiaeec oaciauo ?aaiiaanee a enoiaeiuo aeia?iuo nenoaiao. – AEOO, 1991. – O. 65. – ? 5. – N. 1179–1183.Euiei N.A., Iineaei I.I., Ioaie/iia A.A., Naaiei E.A. ?aaiiaaney e?enoaee–?anieaa–aac a iaeanoe ia?aciaaiey oieiaee nenoaiu oeeie–ia?aaiaoe–aeaeaci–eenei?iae. III. Oa?iiaeeiaieea oaciauo ?aaiiaanee e aeeaa?aiia ninoiyiey a iaeanoe ia?aciaaiey oieiaee nenoaiu oeeie–ia?aaiaoe–aeaeaci–eenei?iae. – AEOO, 1992. – O. 66. – ? 9. – N. 2310–2315.Euiei N.A., Iineaei I.I., Ioaie/iia A.A., Naaiei E.A. ?aaiiaaney e?enoaee–?anieaa–aac a iaeanoe ia?aciaaiey oieiaee nenoaiu oeeie–ia?aaiaoe–aeaeaci–eenei?iae. II. Oaciaua ?aaiiaaney a oa??eoiia?acothueo o?aoeiiiiiaioiuo oaa?aeuo ?anoai?ao nenoaiu oeeie–ia?aaiaoe–aeaeaci–eenei?iae. – AEOO, 1991. – O. 65. – ? 5. – N. 1184–1189.Iineaei I.I., Ni?ieei A.N. I?ioeannu ianniia?aiina i?e iieo/aiee yieoaeneaeueiuo neiaa GaxIn1-xPyAs1-y iaoiaeii nooiai/aoiai ioeaaeaeaiey. *. I. ?ino ec iieoaaneiia/iie aeeaeeie oacu. – AEOO, 1984. – O. 58. – ? 2. – N. 422–427.Kuznetsov V.V., Moskvin P.P, Sorokin V.S. Growth kinetic in LPE of the Ga–In–P–As system. – J.Cryst. Growth, 1984. – V. 66. –P. 562–574.Kuznetsov V.V, Moskvin P.P, Sorokin V.S. Coherent phase diagram and interface relaxation processes during LPE of A3B5 solid solutions. – J.Cryst. Growth, 1988. – V. 88. – P. 241–262.Eociaoeia A.A., Iineaei I.I., Ni?ieei A.N. Oa?iiaeeiaie/aneay onoie/eainoue oaa?aeuo ?anoai?ia GaxIn1-xPyAs1-y // Ecaanoey AI NNN?. Na?. Iai?aai. iaoa?., 1985. – O. 21. – ? 12. – N. 2006–2010.Eociaoeia A.A., Iineaei I.I., Naaeianee A., Ni?ieei A.N. Eeiaoeea i?ioeanna ?anoai?aiey a?naieaea eiaeey a ?anieaaao nenoaiu eiaeee–iuoueye // Ecaanoey AI NNN?. Na?. Iai?aaie/. iaoa?., 1983. – O. 19. – ? 4. – N. 541–545.Eociaoeia A.A., Iineaei I.I., Ni?ieei A.N. 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Iniaaiiinoe iieo/aiey aaoa?ino?oeoo? InGaAsP/InP n o/aoii eeiaoe/aneeo yooaeoia // Oacenu 3-ae Ananithciie eiioa?aioeee ii oece/aneei i?ioeannai a iieoi?iaiaeieeiauo aaoa?ino?oeoo?ao. – Iaeanna, 1982. – N. 46.Euiei N.A., Iineaei I.I., Ioaie/iia A.A., Naaiei E.A. Iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue e?enoaeeecaoeee oaa?aeuo ?anoai?ia ia?aaiaoe-oeeieiauo oa??eoia. – AEOO, 1994. – O. 68. – ? 5. – N. 813–816.Euiei N.A., Iineaei I.I, Ioaie/iia A.A., Iiiia A.A. Oaiaaa A.N. Oa?iiaeeiaie/aneia i?iaiice?iaaiea oeceei-oeie/aneeo oneiaee au?aueaaiey iieoi?iaiaeieeia ni no?oeoo?ie oieiaee // Oacenu eiioa?aioeee “Oeceei-oeie/aneea iniiau iieo/aiey e enneaaeiaaiey iieoi?iaiaeieeia a oaa?aeii e aeeaeeii ninoiyiee”. – Eoeya, 1989.Euiei N.A., Iineaei I.I., Ioaie/iia A.A., Iiiia A.A., Oaiaaa A.N. Oa?iiaeeiaieea au?aueaaiey iauaiiuo iiiie?enoaeeia iaaieoiuo iieoi?iaiaeieeia // Oacenu aeieeaaeia eiioa?aioeee “Oeceei-oeie/aneea iniiau iieo/aiey e enneaaeiaaiey iieoi?iaiaeieeia a oaa?aeii e aeeaeeii ninoiyiee”. – Eoeya,1989. – N. 103.Eociaoeia A.A., Iineaei I.I., Ni?ieei A.N. Eiaa?aioiay aeeaa?aiia ninoiyiey /aou?aoeiiiiiaioiuo nenoai A3A5. – AEOO, 1986. – O. 60. – ? 6. – N. 1376–1381.Ai?aeaiie A.O., Aeceaania A.A., Iineaei I.I., Ni?ieei A.N., Oa?ania E.N. Caaeneiinoue oe?eiu cai?auaiiie ciiu io ninoaaa oaa?aeuo ?anoai?ia GaInPAs. – OOI, 1981. – O. 15. – ? 12. – N. 2410–2414.Iineaei I.I., Ni?ieei A.N. Eeiaoeea i?ioeannia i?e aeeaeeioaciie yieoaenee oaa?aeuo ?anoai?ia GaxIn1-xPyAs1-y. – AEOO, 1983. – O. 57. – ? 7. – N. 1684–1689.Gorelenok A.T., Moskvin P.P., Sorokin V.S., et al. Phase equilibria in InGaAsP system. – J. Cryst. Growth, 1982. – V. 60. – ? 2. – P. 355–362.Iineaei I.I., Ni?ieei A.N. I?ioeannu ianniia?aiina i?e iieo/aiee yieoaeneaeueiuo neiaa GaxIn1-xPyAs1-y iaoiaeii nooiai/aoiai ioeaaeaeaiey. *. II. ?ino ec ia?aie/aiiiai iauaia aeeaeeie oacu. – AEOO, 1983. – O. 57. – ? 12. – N. 2953–2956.Eociaoeia A.A., Iineaei I.I., Ieueoiaee ss., Ni?ieei A.N. ?aeaenaoeeiiiay ecioa?ie/aneay yieoaeney oaa?aeuo ?anoai?ia A3A5 // Ecaanoey AI NNN?. Na?. Iai?aaie/aneea iaoa?eaeu, 1986. – O. 22. – ? 11. – N. 1773–1778.A.n. 1232078 NNN?, IEE I 01L 21/208. Niinia ecaioiaeaiey yieoaeneaeueiuo no?oeoo? GaoIn1-oP/GaAs / A.A. Eociaoeia (NNN?), I.I. Iineaei (NNN?), A.N. Ni?ieei (NNN?), ss. Ieueoiaee, (II?). 6 n. io 19.07.84.Kuznetsov V.V., Moskvin P.P, Sorokin V.S. Mass transfer during growth of Ga-In-P-As solid solution in the equilibrium cooling growth technique. – Crystal Res. Technol., 1985. – V. 20. – ? 5. – P. 439–446.Euiei N.A., Iineaei I.I., Ioaie/iia A.A., Naaiei E.A. Oi?aaeaiea i?ioeannii e?enoaeeecaoeee oaa?aeuo ?anoai?ia ia?aaiaoe-oeeieiauo oa??eoia. – AEOO, 1994. – O. 68. – ? 5. – N. 817–819.Iineaei I.I., Ia/eiieeia N.TH., Ni?ieei A.N. Oaciaua ?aaiiaaney a nenoaia aaeeee–aethieiee–eiaeee–oinoi?. – AEOO, 1982. – O. 56. – ? 8. – N. 2067–2069.Iineaei I.I., Ia/eiieeia N.TH., Ni?ieei A.N. ?an/ao eiioeaio?aoeee nianoaaiiuo aeaoaeoia e ioeeiiaiey io noaoeiiao?ee a oaa?aeuo ?anoai?ao GaoIn1-oPyAs1-y. – E?enoaeeia?aoey, 1983. – O. 28. – Aui. 3. – N. 530–537.Iineaei I.I., Ia/eiieeia N.TH. ?an/ao eiioeaio?aoeee nianoaaiiuo aeaoaeoia a oaa?aeuo ?anoai?ao oinoeae-a?naieae aaeeey // Ecaanoey EYOE. Iao/iua o?oaeu, 1981. – Aui. 281. – N. 98–105.Iinea?i I.I. Oa?iiaeeiai?ea ? e?iaoeea oaciooai?aiiy a aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo nenoaiao. – ?oeiien.Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 01.04.07 – o?ceea oaa?aeiai o?ea. – Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, i. Ee?a, 1999 ?.I?iaaaeai? oai?aoe/i? oa aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioean?a oaciooai?aiiy a aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo nenoaiao A3A5. Iniiae oai?aoe/ieo ?ic?iaie neeaee oyaeaiiy oa?iiaeeiai?ee ?ic/ei?a a iaaeeaeaii? ?aaoey?ieo, eaac??aaoey?ieo oa anioe?eiaaieo iiaeaeae. ?ic?iaeai? oa?iiaeeiai?/i? oyaeaiiy aeicaieeee aeinyaiooe caaeia?eueiiai iieno oaciaeo ??aiiaaa oa i?iaiicoaaoe e?i?? ?iciaaeo oaa?aeiai noaio aaaaoieiiiiiaioii? oace. Cai?iiiiiaai? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae?, ye? iienothoue e?iaoeeo e?enoae?caoe?? oaa?aeeo ?ic/ei?a c ??aeei? oace. Aeeiiaii aiae?c aieeao iaoai?/ieo iai?oaeaiue i?e oaciooai?aii? ia ci?uaiiy oaciaeo ??aiiaaa oa ia e?iaoeeo ?inoo aaaaoieiiiiiaioii? ie?aee. Aenia?eiaioaeueii i?aeoaa?aeaeai? oai?aoe/i? aeniiaee i?i aieea ia?aiao??a ?inoiaiai oeeeeo ia aeanoeaino? e?enoae?/ieo oac. Ae?iaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei iioei?caoe?? i?ioeano ea?oaaiiy oaciooai?aiiyi a aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo nenoaiao.Eeth/ia? neiaa: oaa?ae? ?ic/eie niieoe A3A5, e?enoae?caoe?y c ??aeei? oace, aaoa?iai?oaen?y, oacia? ??aiiaaae oa e?iaoeea e?enoae?caoe??.Iineaei I.I. Oa?iiaeeiaieea e eeiaoeea oaciia?aciaaiey a iiiaieiiiiiaioiuo iieoi?iaiaeieeiauo nenoaiao. – ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a oeceei-iaoaiaoe/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 01.04.07 – oeceea oaa?aeiai oaea. – Eeaaneee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao eiaie Oa?ana Oaa/aiei, a. Eeaa, 1999 a.I?iaaaeaii oai?aoe/aneia e yenia?eiaioaeueiia enneaaeiaaiea i?ioeannia, i?ioaeathueo i?e oaciia?aciaaiee /aou?aoeiiiiiaioiuo iieoi?iaiaeieeiauo oaa?aeuo ?anoai?ia nenoaiu A3A5 e oaa?aeuo ?anoai?ia iaaieoiuo iieoi?iaiaeieeia ni no?oeoo?ie oieiaee ec aeeaeeie oacu.Iniiaie oai?aoe/aneeo ?ac?aaioie neoaeeee i?aaenoaaeaiey ?aaiiaaniie oa?iiaeeiaieee iiiaieiiiiiaioiuo ?anoai?ia. Iieacaii, /oi oaeiaeaoai?eoaeueiia iienaiea iieiaeaiee iiaa?oiinoae aeeaa?aiiu ninoiyiey /aou?aoeiiiiiaioiuo nenoai A3A5 a oe?ieii eioa?aaea oaiia?aoo? ii anaio iieth aeeaa?aiiu ninoaaia aiciiaeii oieueei n i?eiaiaieai a oai?ee ?aaoey?iuo ?anoai?ia eeiaeii caaenyueo io oaiia?aoo?u i?eaaaeaiiuo naiaiaeiuo yia?aee niaoaiey a aeeaeeie e oaa?aeie oacao.e aeaiiui ii eeeaeaeono nenoaiu Fe3O4–(Fe–O)l.A ?aaioa iieacaii, /oi eioa?i?eoaoeey yenia?eiaioaeueiuo aeaiiuo ii AEOY iiiaieiiiiiaioiuo oaa?aeuo ?anoai?ia e aeaiiuo ii ?inoo iauaiiuo iiiie?enoaeeia oieiaeae eae oa?iiaeeiaie/anee ?aaiiaaniuo i?eaiaeeo e nouanoaaiiui ioeaeai a /eneaiiuo cia/aieyo eneiiuo oa?iiaeeiaie/anee ?aaiiaaniuo ia?aiao?ia nenoai. Iniiaiuie oece/aneeie yaeaieyie ioaaonoaaiiuie ca oaeia iiaaaeaiea nenoai a ?aaioa n/eoaeenue iaee/ea i?e oaciia?aciaaiee iieae oi?oaeo iaoaie/aneeo iai?yaeaiee, iaoneiaeaiiuo ianiioaaonoaeai ia?eiaeia e?enoaeee/aneeo ?aoaoie iaaeaeo ieaieie e iiaeeiaeeie, e eeiaoe/aneea yooaeou, naycaiiua n eiia/iie nei?inoueth aeeoooceiiiiai iiaeaiaea aauanoaa e o?iioo e?enoaeeecaoeee.A ?aaioa a ?aieao oai?ee ?aaoey?iuo ?anoai?ia e eeiaeiie aiecio?iiiie oai?ee oi?oainoe i?aaeeiaeaiu o?aaiaiey eaace?aaiiaaniiai ninoiyiey oi?oai aeaoi?ie?iaaiiue oiieee neie ia ianneaiie iiaeeiaeea - iiiaieiiiiiaioiay aeeaeeay oaca. ?aoaiey i?aaeeiaeaiiuo o?aaiaiee iicaieeee i?iaiaeece?iaaoue oa?aeoa? niauaiey oaciauo ?aaiiaanee i?e inaaeaeaiee oi?oai aeaoi?ie?iaaiiie ieaiee a nenoaia Ga-In-P-As ia enoiaeiua aeia?iua iiaeeiaeee. Iieo/aia eiee/anoaaiiay eioi?iaoeey i aaee/eia eiioaeoiiai ia?aioeaaeaeaiey eieoeee?iaaiiiai oi?oaeie iai?yaeaieyie a neiyo, a oaeaea ia eciaiaiee ninoaaa inaaeaeaaiuo neiaa ec-ca iaee/ey a ?inoiauo nenoaiao iaoaie/aneeo aeaoi?iaoeee.Aeey iienaiey i?ioeania ianniia?aiina a iiiaieiiiiiaioiuo nenoaiao eniieueciaaeenue i?aaenoaaeaiey i aeeoooceiiii-ia?aie/aiiie e?enoaeeecaoeee e iiaeaeue iieiiai ia?aiaoeaaiey ?anieaaa. Oi?ioee?iaea e?aaaie caaea/e aeey aeeooa?aioeeaeueiuo o?aaiaiee ianniia?aiina caaa?oaeanue eniieueciaaieai a ea/anoaa a?aie/iuo oneiaee aeey eiioeaio?aoeee eiiiiiaioia ia a?aieoea ?acaeaea ?anieaa-e?enoaee o?aaiaiee ?aaiiaaniie aeeaa?aiiu ninoiyiey eee aea o?aiaiee eaace?aaiiaaney oi?oai iai?yaeaiiue neie - iiiaieiiiiiaioiay aeeaeeay oaca. A ?aaioa iaeaeaiu aiaeeoe/aneea ?aoaiey o?aaiaiee aeeooocee a i?eaeeaeaiee iieoaaneiia/iuo n?aae, iicaieythuea naanoe nenoaio aeeooa?aioeeaeueiuo o?aaiaiee ianniia?aiina e aeaaa?ae/aneei, /oi iicaieeei yooaeoeaii iaoiaeeoue ?aoaiea e?aaaie caaea/e. Iieo/aiiua a ?aaioa aeeooa?aioeeaeueiua o?aaiaiey ianiiiaiaia eiiiiiaioia iaaeaeo aaciaie n?aaeie, ?anieaaii e ?anoouei e?enoaeeii i?e e?enoaeeecaoeee iauaiiuo iiiie?enoaeeia ia?aaiaoe-oeeieiauo oa??eoia ?aoaeenue /eneaiiuie iaoiaeaie.?ac?aaioaiiua oa?iiaeeiaie/aneea i?aaenoaaeaiey i ia?aaiiaaniuo yaeaieyo, niioonoaothuea i?ioeannai e?enoaeeecaoeee, iicaieeee o/anoue eo a oai?aoe/aneii aiaeeca e ii?aaeaeeoue /eneaiiua cia/aiey oa?iiaeeiaie/aneeo ooieoeee iiaeaeueiuo nenoai Ga-In-P-As e Zn-Mn-Fe-O.N iiiiuueth ?ac?aaioaiiuo oa?iiaeeiaie/aneeo iiaeaeae oaciia?aciaaiey e iaeaeaiiuo oa?iiaeeiaie/aneeo ooieoeee i?iaiaeece?iaaii aeeyiea ninoaaa enoiaeiie aeeaeeie oacu, oaiia?aoo?u e nei?inoe ?inoa, noaiaie ia?aioeaaeaeaiey e o. ae. ia ia?aiao?u e?enoaeeecoaiuo iiiaieiiiiiaioiuo oaa?aeuo ?anoai?ia A3A5 e oaa?aeiai ?anoai?a ZnoMn1-oFeyO1-y. Aeinoeaiooi niioaaonoaea ?an/aoia yenia?eiaioai ii iienaieth i?ioeannia oaciia?aciaaiey a ?anniao?eaaaiuo iiiaieiiiiiaioiuo iieoi?iaiaeieeiauo nenoaiao.Eeth/aaua neiaa: iiiaieiiiiiaioiua iieoi?iaiaeieeiaua oaa?aeua ?anoai?u nenoaiu A3A5, AEOY, oaciaua ?aaiiaaney e eeiaoeea e?enoaeeecaoeee.Moskvin P.P. Thermodynamic & kinetic milticomponent semiconductors phases formation. – Manuscript.The dissertation advanced for degree of Doctor of Science (Physics & Matermatics) in speciality of 01.04.07 – Solid State Physics. – Taras Schevchenko Kyiv University, Kyiv, 1999.There are 54 scientific papers included monograth of the authorship represented. Disertation includes the results of theoretical & experimental investigation of thermodynamics of formation process for multicomponent semiconductors from liquid solutions A3B5 systems. The phase equilibria is analysed according the simple solution in quasiregular & associated solutions treatments. The termodynamic equations describing the metastable equilibrium between elastically strained solid solution & liquid pases in quaternary systems are obtained. A theoretical analysis of growth kinetics is carried out in terms of the diffusion-limited growth model. The influence of growth regimes on parameters of the layers for electronics devices is studied.Key words: A3B5 solid solution, growth from liquid phase, LPE, phases equilibria, growth kinetics.PAGE 43

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