3

Iaoe?iiaeueia Aeaaeai?y Iaoe Oe?a?ie

?aaea ii aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie

Aieioei Na?a?e Ieeieaeiae/

OAeE 332.132:502.58

Oa?eoi??aeueia i?aai?caoe?y iioaioe?eii iaaacia/iiai

i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa Oe?a?ie

Niaoe?aeuei?noue: 08.10.01 — ?ici?uaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee oa

?aa?iiaeueia aeiiii?ea

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o ?aae? ii aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie
Iaoe?iiaeueii? Aeaaeai?? Iaoe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe,

i?ioani? Oaaei?euaaa Ae?ia Ieeeo?aia,

caa?aeoaa/ea a?aeae?eo i?iaeai ?icaeoeo

? ?ici?uaiiy ae?iaie/iai iioaioe?aeo,

?aaee ii aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie

IAI Oe?a?ie

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

Aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

Ie?eiee ss?ineaa Aiaaeaiiae/ — caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aeiiii?/ii? ?
nioe?aeueii? aaia?ao?? Ee?anueeiai Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai?
Oa?ana Oaa/aiea;

Eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe,

Oeiaenoia ?aaai Aieiaeeie?iae/ — noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee ?aaee ii
aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee aeiiii?/iee ?inoeooo I?i?noa?noaa aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie,
a?aeae?e iaoiaeieia?? ? iaoiae?a eiiieaeniiai ?icaeoeo ?aa?ii?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 22 ea?oiy 1999 ?. i 13 aiaeei? 30 oaeeei ia
can?aeaii? Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae26.160.01. a ?aae? ii
aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252032,
i.Ee?a-32, aoeueaa? O. Oaa/aiea, 60, ??? iiaa?o.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? ?aaee ii aea/aiith
i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252032, i.Ee?a-32,
aoeueaa? O. Oaa/aiea, 60.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 19 aa?aciy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? aaia?ao?/ieo iaoe I. N. Eiaaeaiei

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. A oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei i?eioeeiiai iiai?
aeiiii?/ii? iiaeae? ?aoe?iiae?caoe?y oa?eoi??aeueii? i?aai?caoe??
i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa a?ae?a?a? aeeeth/io ?ieue a aeinyaiaii?
iinoaaeaieo ia?aae aea?aeaaith oe?eae caaacia/aiiy noaeiai ?icaeoeo.
Iniaeeai aeooaeueiei oea ieoaiiy ? aeey oaei? niaoeeo?/ii? /anoeie
i?iieneiaino? ye iioaioe?eii iaaacia/ia ae?iaieoeoai ia yea i?eiaaea?
32,2% aa?oino? ae?iaie/i-i?iieneiaeo iniiaieo oiiae?a, 23,8% ianyao
ae?iaieoeoaa ? 20% i?aoethth/eo. A oa?eoi??aeueiiio ?ici?uaii?
iioaioe?eii iaaacia/iiai ae?iaieoeoaa, a nthaee aoiaeyoue ia’?eoe
i?aeoe/ii an?o aaeocae ainiiaea?noaa, ? nooo?a? iaaeie?ee, ye?
iaoiiaeai? oe?eei ?yaeii ye ia’?eoeaieo, oae ? noa’?eoeaieo oaeoi??a oa
?noioii aieeaathoue ia iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie aeiiii?ee oa nioe?aeueii?
noa?e.

O ca’yceo c o?ainoi?iaoe??th aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie ? ia’?eoeaiith
iaiao?aei?noth a?aooaaiiy aeieia?/iiai oaeoi?o, ??aiy iaaaoeaiiai aieeao
oe?aeeeaeo ae?iaieoeoa aeieeee ia?aaeoiiae aei ?icoe?aiiy eiea
o?aaeeoe?eieo oaeoi??a, i?eioeei?a ?ici?uaiiy ae?iaieoeoa c o?aooaaiiyi
no?eeino? ?o ooieoe?iioaaiiy. Aeine?aeaeaiith aeacaii? i?iaeaie
i?enay/ai? i?aoe?: I.I. Aeeiiaa, ?.ss. Ae?ooeeia N.?. Aei?iaoioeiaa,
I.I. Ai?uaanueeiai, I.?. Aaeaoeueeiai, A. I. Aa?oea, A.I. Aeaieeeoeia,
I.?. Aeie?oiueiai, I.?. Eii?uaai?, ss. A. Ie?eieea, A.N. I?uaiea, A.
Ia?oaeea, A.N. Naoa?aa, A.A. Noaiaiaiea, A.I. O?aaia/oea, A.I.
Oaaei?euaai?.

A?aenooi?noue eiioeaiooaeueii oe?e?nii? ? iaa?oioiaaii? aeiiii?/ii?
iie?oeee ooieoe?iioaaiiy iioaioe?eii iaaacia/iiai i?iieneiaiai
ae?iaieoeoaa ni?yiiaaii? ia aeaaaeaiiy eiai c e?ece oa oaeineiiaeaiiy ?o
oa?eoi??aeueii? i?aai?caoe??, aeeeeea? iaiao?aei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
coiiaeth? aeooaeuei?noue iaoeiaeo ?ic?iaie, iia’ycaieo c iaoiaeieia?/iei
? iaoiaee/iei caaacia/aiiyi ae?iaie/i? ae?yeueiino? i?iieneiaeo
i?aei?e?inoa c i?aeaeuaiei oaoiiaaiiei ?eceeii aeieeiaiiy iaaecae/aeieo
neooaoe?e.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aoiaeeoue neeaaeiaith /anoeiith a iaoeiai-aeine?aei?
?iaioe, ye? aeeiiothoueny ?aaeith ii aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie
IAI Oe?a?ie o a?aeae?e? i?iaeai ?icaeoeo ? ?ici?uaiiy ae?iaie/iai
iioaioe?aeo ii oaiao: 4.2.1.2.54. “I?iaiic (noaia) ?icaeoeo ? ?ici?uaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie oa ?? ?aa?ii?a” oa 4.2.1.4.56 “Iaoeiaa
caaacia/aiiy ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?aaoethaaiiy oaoiiaaiii-aeieia?/ii? aaciaee
ianaeaiiy oa no?eeino? aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie i?e iiaeeeaeo oaoiiaaiieo
aaa??yo, eaoano?ioao oa noeo?eieo eeoao”. E??i oiai aiii ? /anoeiith
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo oa aeine?aeii-eiino?oeoi?nueeeo ?ia?o c i?iaeai
caiia?aaiiy oa ?aaaoaaiiy ia iaaecae/aei? neooaoe?? I?i?noa?noaa Oe?a?ie
c ieoaiue iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e oa o ni?aaao caoenoo ianaeaiiy a?ae
iane?aee?a *i?iiaeeuenueei? eaoano?ioe, cie?aia: “?ic?iaea caeii?a
Oe?a?ie “I?i iiooeiai-?yooaaeueio neoaeao oa noaoon ?yo?aieea”, “I?i
caoeno ianaeaiiy ? oa?eoi??e a?ae iane?aee?a iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e
i?e?iaeiiai oa oaoiiaaiiiai oa?aeoa?o”, “?ic?iaea oa noai?aiiy aac
aeaieo uiaei iioaioe?eii-iaaacia/ieo ia’?eo?a”, “?ic?iaea noaiaea?o?a c
ieoaiue iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e”, “?ic?iaea nenoaie caoiae?a ii
aaeineiiaeaiith ?iaeaia?iiai caoenoo oa?eoi??e”, “?ic?iaea aeieoiaio?a
aea?aeaaii? nenoaie ?yooaaiiy oa e?ea?aeaoe?? iaaacia/ieo caa?oaeiaiue
ia aiae?”, “?ic?iaea Eiioeaioe?? caoenoo ianaeaiiy o ?ac? aeieeiaiiy
iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e”.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaoith aeena?oaoe?? ? iaa?oiooaaiiy oai?aoe/ieo, iaoiaee/ieo oa
i?aeoe/ieo ieoaiue oa?eoi??aeueii? i?aai?caoe?? iioaioe?eii iaaacia/iiai
i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa c iaeii/aniith ?ic?iaeith i?iiiceoe?e ii ??
oaeineiiaeaiith, ni?yiiaaieo ia i?aeaeuaiiy caaaeueiiai ??aiy
oaoiiaaiii-aeieia?/ii? aaciaee Oe?a?ie.

Aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe aeeth/aei ??oaiiy ianooiieo caaea/:

— iaa?oiooaaoe iniiai? oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy oi?ioaaiiy, ?icaeoeo ?
?ici?uaiiy iioaioe?eii iaaacia/iiai i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa a oiiaao
ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee;

— anoaiiaeoe iaoiaeieia?/i? i?eioeeie oaeineiiaeaiiy ?ici?uaiiy
iioaioe?eii iaaacia/ieo i?iieneiaeo ia’?eo?a;

— ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iioaioe?eii
iaaacia/iiai ae?iaieoeoaa oa aecia/aiiy ??aiy ?eceeo aeieeiaiiy
oaoiiaaiieo iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e a oa?eoi??aeueiiio aniaeo?;

— aeiiii?/ii ioe?ieoe no/aniee noai ? ?ici?uaiiy iioaioe?eii
iaaacia/iiai i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa c iaeii/aniei aeyaeaiiyi iniiaieo
iai?yie?a oa niinia?a eiai ?aoe?iiae?caoe??;

— aecia/eoe i??i?eoaoi? ca no/anieo aeiiii?/ieo oa aeieia?/ieo oiia
oaeoi?e ? iniiai? i?eioeeie ?ici?uaiiy iioaioe?eii iaaacia/ieo
ae?iaieoeoa;

— ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeieia?/i? iieiaeaiiy oaeineiiaeaiiy oa?eoi??aeueii?
i?aai?caoe?? i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa c iaaacia/iith ae?yeuei?noth ?
cai?iiiioaaoe i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei ?o ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a
i?aeoeeo ainiiaea?thaaiiy;

— noi?ioethaaoe eiioeaioe?th ?icaeoeo oa?eoi??aeueii? i?aai?caoe??
iioaioe?eii iaaacia/iiai i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

Caaaeueiiiaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe noaee iniiae
aeiiii?ee ? aeieia?? iaaeieeoiueiai i?e?iaeiiai na?aaeiaeua oa oai??y
?ici?uaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee o ii?aeiaii? oa a?aeiia?aeiino? ?c
caeiiiaeaanoaii Oe?a?ie, ??oaiiyie i?aai?a aeeiiaa/i? aeaaee c ieoaiue
oi?aae?iiy aeiiii?eith oa oaoiiaaiii-aeieia?/iith aaciaeith. I?e
?ic?iaoe? iniiaieo iieiaeaiue aeena?oaoe??, aeniiae?a oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e
aeei?enoai? aeai? io?oe?eieo noaoenoe/ieo ca??iee?a, oaeoe/i? aeai? i?i
ae?yeuei?noue iioaioe?eii iaaacia/ieo i?iieneiaeo ae?iaieoeoa, io?oe?ei?
ca?oe i?aai?a aeeiiaa/i? aeaaee c ieoaiue iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e. A
?iaio? a?aoiaai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue, aeeiiaieo a ?aae? ii
aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie oa oeaio?aeueieo
i?aaiao aeeiiaa/i? aeaaee i?e aaciina?aaei?e o/ano? aaoi?a aeena?oaoe??.
I?e ia?iaoe? ia?aeiii? ?ioi?iaoe??, aeine?aeaeaii? iaoiaeieia?/ieo oa
i?aeoe/ieo ieoaiue ?icaeoeo ? ?ici?uaiiy iioaioe?eii iaaacia/iiai
i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa canoiniaoaaeenue iaoiaee aea??eiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue, oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/iiai aiae?co, aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy. A aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii? aeei?enoaia
iaoiaeieia?y ?ia?o ii noai?aiith no/anii? ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiai? aace c
ieoaiue iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e oa oaoiiaaiii-aeieia?/ii? aaciaee.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Aei iaea?eueo nooo?aeo iiaeo iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a, ye? caeiaooi a
aeena?oaoe??, iaeaaeaoue oae?:

— ?ic?iaeai? oai?aoe/i? aniaeoe oi?ioaaiiy no?aoaa?? ?icaeoeo
iioaioe?eii iaaacia/iiai ae?iaieoeoaa a oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeiiii?ee;

— aecia/ai? iniaeeaino? iioaioe?eii iaaacia/iiai i?iieneiaiai
ae?iaieoeoaa, ye? i?iyaeythoueny /a?ac caaino?aiiy aioo??oi?o
noia?a/iinoae (oaoiieia?y) ? iayai?noue i?ioe??//y c iaaeieeoi?i
i?e?iaeiei na?aaeiaeuai oa iaa?oioiaaii a?aooaaiiy iioaioe?eii?
iaaaciaee ae?iaieoeoaa ye oaeoi?a eiai ?ici?uaiiy;

— aeiiii?/ii iaa?oioiaai? iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei ?aeaioeo?eaoe??
iioaioe?eii iaaacia/iiai i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa ca iniiaieie
oaoiieia?/ieie oaeoi?aie;

— i?iaaaeaia aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea oa?eoi??aeueii? i?aai?caoe?? iioaioe?eii
iaaacia/iiai ae?iaieoeoaa, aeyaeai? oa aeae?eai? iniaeeaino? eiai
oa?eoi??aeueii? no?oeoo?e a ?ic??c? aeiiii?/ieo ?aeii?a oa oa?eoi???
Oe?a?ie a oe?eiio;

— i?iaaaeaii oaeoi?iee aeieiai-aeiiii?/iee aiae?c noaio ooieoe?iioth/eo
iioaioe?eii iaaacia/ieo ae?iaieoeoa;

— anoaiiaeaii aca?iica’ycie i?ae ?ici?uaiiyi iioaioe?eii iaaacia/iiai
i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa oa ??aiai aeieeiaiiy iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e
oaoiiaaiiiai oa?aeoa?o, i?iaaaeaia aenia?oia ioe?iea ??aiy oaoiiaaiiiai
?eceeo aeieeiaiiy iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e ii oa?eoi??yi;

— iaa?oioiaai? iniiai? i?eioeeie ?ici?uaiiy iioaioe?eii iaaacia/ieo
i?aei?e?inoa oa cai?iiiiiaai? iniiai? iai?yie
aeiiii?ei-aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai aieeao ia eiai ?icaeoie;

— iaa?oioiaai? iieiaeaiiy caaacia/aiiy no?eeiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy
iioaioe?eii iaaacia/iiai ae?iaieoeoaa a oiiaao iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Aeiaaaeaii, ui iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iathoue ?aaeueia
i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeey i?iieneiaino? e?a?ie. Aiie noaiiaeyoue niaith
aca?iiiia’ycaio noeoii?noue i?iiiceoe?e oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, ui
aeicaieythoue cae?enithaaoe oaeineiiaeaiiy oa?eoi??aeueii? i?aai?caoe??
iioaioe?eii iaaacia/iiai ae?iaieoeoaa a Oe?a?i? oa iaeii/anii ni?eyoe
canoinoaaiith eiiieaeno caoiae?a ii caaacia/aiith no?eeino? eiai
ooieoe?iioaaiiy c o?aooaaiiyi eiia??iino? aeieeiaiiy iaaecae/aeieo
neooaoe?e. Iaoiaeieia?y oa iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe iiaeooue aooe
aeei?enoai? i?e ?ic?iaoe? ??ciiai ??aiy oa noaoono i?ia?ai ?icaeoeo ?
?ici?uaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa, eiai ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiai caaacia/aiiy,
ia?niaeoeaieo iai?yi?a i?ae?aa?iiaeueiiai oa i?aeia?iaeiiai
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa o noa?? ?ici?uaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee oa caiia?aaiiy
aeieeiaiith iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e ??ciiai oa?aeoa?o, ui
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ?acoeueoaoaie ai?iaaoe?? ?iaioe.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a.

Iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno, ?ic?iaeai? aaoi?ii
naiino?eii ? ? eiai aianeii a oaeineiiaeaiiy oai??? oa?eoi??aeueii?
i?aai?caoe?? iioaioe?eii iaaacia/iiai i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa a
ia?ao?aei?e aeiiii?oe?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy io?eiaee iiceoeaio ioe?ieo ia
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo “Iniiai? iai?yiee caaacia/aiiy aaciaee
ianaeaiiy oa no?eeino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie i?e caa?ic?
aeieeiaiiy i?e?iaeieo oa oaoiiaaiieo eaoano?io” (i. Ee?a, 10-12 a?oaeiy
1996?.), “Oeyoe iiaoaiiiai ?aoi?ioaaiiy ? oaeineiiaeaiiy ?aeeii? nenoaie
?aaaoaaiiy ia iaaecae/aei? neooaoe??” (i. Ee?a, 16-17 aeiaoiy 1997?.),
“Oeyoe noai?aiiy oa ?aoi?ioaaiiy nenoaie ?aaaoaaiiy ia iaaecae/aei?
neooaoe?? ca?aeii c aeiiaaie Iieiaeaiiy i?i ?aeeio aea?aeaaio nenoaio
caiia?aaiiy oa ?aaaoaaiiy ia iaaecae/aei? neooaoe?? oaoiiaaiiiai oa
i?e?iaeiiai oa?aeoa?o” (i. Ee?a, 7-8 aeiaoiy 1998?.).

I?iiiceoe?? aaoi?a ii oaeineiiaeaiith ?ici?uaiiy iioaioe?eii
iaaacia/iiai i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa oa aeiiii?/iiio iaa?oiooaaii? ?o
ooieoe?iioaaiiy a?aoiaai? i?e ?ic?iaoe? Caeiio Oe?a?ie “I?i caaaeueio
no?oeoo?o ? /enaeuei?noue a?enuee Oeea?eueii? iai?iie” (?328-XIV a?ae 22
a?oaeiy 1998 ?.), i?iaeo?a caeii?a Oe?a?ie “I?i aianaiiy ci?i ?
aeiiiaiaiue aei Caeiio Oe?a?ie “I?i Oeea?eueio iai?iio Oe?a?ie”, “I?i
a?enueea oeea?eueii? iai?iie”, “I?i caoeno ianaeaiiy ? oa?eoi??e a?ae
iane?aee?a iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e i?e?iaeiiai ? oaoiiaaiiiai
oa?aeoa?o”, “I?i aaa??eii-?yooaaeueio neoaeao oa noaoon ?yooaaeueieea”,
“I?i ciio iaaecae/aeii? aeieia?/ii? neooaoe??”. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy aa?eoee aei aeiiii?/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy Iinoaiia Eaa?iaoo
I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie “I?i ?aeeio aea?aeaaio nenoaio caiia?aaiiy oa
?aaaoaaiiy ia iaaecae/aei? neooaoe?? oaoiiaaiiiai oa i?e?iaeiiai
oa?aeoa?o” (a?ae 3 na?iiy 1998 ?. ? 1198), “I?i ii?yaeie eeaneo?eaoe??
iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e” (a?ae 15 eeiiy 1998 ?. ? 1099), “I?i iniiai?
canaaee noai?aiiy a Oe?a?i? i?aenenoaie ?yooaaiiy ? e?ea?aeaoe??
iaaacia/ieo caa?oaeiaiue ia aiae? ?aeeii? aea?aeaaii? nenoaie
caiia?aaiiy ? ?aaaoaaiiy ia iaaecae/aei? neooaoe?? oaoiiaaiiiai oa
i?e?iaeiiai oa?aeoa?o” (a?ae 5 aeiaoiy 1998 ?. ? 1599), “I?i ii?yaeie
o?iainoaaiiy ?ia?o ?c caiia?aaiiy ? e?ea?aeaoe?? iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e
oa ?o iane?aee?a” (a?ae 4 ethoiai 1999?. ?140).

Aeniiaee oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeoe/ii aeei?enoai? i?e
?ic?iaoe? i?iaeo?a noaiaea?o?a c ieoaiue iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e,
Iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy eaoaai??e ianaeaieo ioieo?a Oe?a?ie c oeea?eueii?
iai?iie, Iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy eaoaai??e ii oeea?euei?e iai?ii? ia’?eo?a
ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie, Iaoiaeeee ioe?iee caeoe?a a?ae
iane?aee?a iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e oaoiiaaiiiai oa i?e?iaeiiai
oa?aeoa?o, I?ia?aie caiia?aaiiy oa ?aaaoaaiiy ia iaaecae/aei? neooaoe??
oaoiiaaiiiai oa i?e?iaeiiai oa?aeoa?o.

Iaoa??aee oa ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaothoueny a iaa/aeuei?e
i?ia?ai? i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a c
aeenoeeie?ie “Aaciaea aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?”, iaa/aeueiiio eo?n?
“Eiino?oeoeaia aaia?ao?y” eaoaae?e aeiiii?/ii? oa nioe?aeueii? aaia?ao??
i?e?iaeie/i-aaia?ao?/iiai oaeoeueoaoo IIO ?i. I. I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa,
iaa/aeuei?e i?ia?ai? i?aeaioiaee io?oea??a caiano — niaoe?ae?no?a c
ieoaiue oeea?eueii? iai?iie c /enea nooaeaio?a aeueo iaa/aeueieo
caeeaae?a, iaa/aeuei?e i?ia?ai? ii i?aeaioiaoe? aaa??eieo eii?na??a,
aenia?o?a no?aoiai? ni?aae. Cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei
?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iaaacia/iiai ae?iaieoeoaa a?aoiaoaaeenue i?e i?iaaaeaii?
aeooa?ieo ?ic?aooie?a a no?aoiaiio oiaa?enoa? “No?ieiieen”.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? a 16
ae?oeiaaieo ?iaioao ianyaii 5,53 ae?oeiaaieo a?eoo?a.

No?oeoo?a ? ci?no ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, caeeth/iiai neiaa, nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e,
yeee aeeth/a? 154 iaeiaioaaiiy, 8 oaaeeoeue, 3 iaethie?a, 3 aeiaeaoe?a.
Ianya aeena?oaoe?? 167 noi??iee iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i? iniiae oa?eoi??aeueii?
i?aai?caoe?? iioaioe?eii iaaacia/iiai i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa”
?icaeyioo? iniiai? i?iaeaie ? iniaeeaino? no/anieo oi?i oa?eoi??aeueii?
i?aai?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa, noi?ioeueiaai? oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i?
iiceoe?? aaoi?a noiniaii ?icaeoeo ? ?ici?uaiiy iioaioe?eii iaaacia/iiai
i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa a oiiaao ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo, aecia/ai?
i??i?eoaoi? oaeoi?e ?ici?uaiiy oaeiai ae?iaieoeoaa. Cai?iiiiiaaii
iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae aei aecia/aiiy noo? iioaioe?eii iaaacia/iiai
i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa oa i?iaaaeaiiy eiai ?aeaioeo?eaoe??.

Ocaaaeueiaiiy aeiiii?/ii? e?oa?aoo?e na?ae/eoue i?i iaeiie/aiee cia/iee
oai?aoe/iee oa i?aeoe/iee aeina?ae o aea/aii? caeiiii??iinoae
oa?eoi??aeueii? i?aai?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa. A ?iaio? i?eae?eaii aaeeeo
oaaao oiio, ui a aeiiii?oe? ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo c’yaeythoueny aai
ca?eueoothoue na?e aieea oae? oaeoi?e ?ici?uaiiy, ae??th yeeo ia
oa?eoi??aeueio i?aai?caoe?th ae?iaieoeoaa, ia a?aei?io a?ae ieioeiai, ia
iiaeia iaoooaaoe — aeieia?/iee oaeoi? oa iioaioe?eia iaaaciaea
aeieeiaiiy oaoiiaaiieo iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e.

C o?aooaaiiyi oeueiai ?icaeyiooi a?oioaaiiy aaeocae i?iieneiaiai
ae?iaieoeoaa, ye? ca oeiaie oaoiiaaiiiai aieeao ia aeiae?eey
iiae?eythoueny ia /ioe?e iniiai? a?oie: aaeoc?, ye? aieeaathoue ia an?
neeaaeia? /anoeie iaaeieeoiueiai i?e?iaeiiai na?aaeiaeua, aaeoc?, ui
ni?aaeythoue iaea?eueoee aieea ia iia?o?y, ia aiaei? ?ano?ne oa ye?
i?ecaiaeyoue aei ci?ie eaiaeoaoo?a (a iniiaiiio a??ie/iaeaeiaoaia
i?iieneia?noue).

Aeiaaaeaii, ui iino?eia aeieeiaiiy iaeiioeiieo iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e
iio?aao? a?oioaaiiy aaeocae ae?iaieoeoaa ca oa?aeoa?ii iaaaciaee, yeo
aiie noaiiaeyoue. Ca oeei i?eioeeiii aiie iiae?eythoueny ia o?i?/ii-,
iiaeaaeiaeaooi-, ?aae?aoe?eii-, a?ieia?/ii- oa
a?ae?iaeeiai?/iiiaaacia/i?. Iaa?oioiaaia oiiai?noue oaei? eeaneo?eaoe??,
c iaeyaeo ia oa, ui i?iieneia? ae?iaieoeoaa iiaeooue iaoe ia iaeei aeae
oe?aeeeaeo ?a/iaei. I?iaaaeaii iioaeoi?iee aiae?c iaaecae/aeieo
neooaoe?e oaoiiaaiiiai oa?aeoa?o cao?eniaaieo a 1994-1998 ?ieao.
Iniaeeaa oaaaa i?eae?eaia i?e/eiai ?o aeieeiaiiy oa aaee/ei? ? oa?aeoa?o
?o iane?aee?a. E?euee?noue oaeeo iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e
caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiai ??aiy ca oeae /an c?inea, a caeaaeiino? a?ae
aeaeo, a 3-4 ?ace. A ?acoeueoao? ?o i?iya?a i?yii /e iiina?aaeeiaaii
iino?aaeaeaei aei 2 iei. /ie., a aeiiii?/iee caeoie i???ioiaii neeaa
noio a?eueoa 1 ie?ae. a?i. Oea na?ae/eoue i?i iaiao?aei?noue a?aooaaiiy
nooiaiy iaaaciaee i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa ye iniaeeaiai oaeoi?o
?ici?uaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa.

Ia?aaeoiiaith oaeineiiaeaiiy oa?eoi??aeueii? i?aai?caoe?? iioaioe?eii
iaaacia/iiai i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa aecia/aii anoaiiaeaiiy eiai
iniiaieo nooo?aeo iniaeeainoae oa ?ic?iaea iaoiaee/ieo i?aeoiae?a aei
?aeaioeo?eaoe??. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeey oeueiai ae?iaieoeoaa e?euee?noue
iaaacia/ii? ?a/iaeie ? oi?aa?naeueiei iieacieeii aeey oa?aeoa?enoeee
iaaacia/iino? oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a. Aecia/aii, ui iioaioe?eii
iaaacia/ia ae?iaieoeoai oa?aeoa?eco?oueny cia/iith aaee/eiith
oaoiiaaiii? iaaaciaee aeey i?e?iaee ? ianaeaiiy, yea ?aae?co?oueny /a?ac
aeieeiaiiy iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e ??ciiai ??aiy oa oa?aeoa?o.
Oa?aeoa?iith ?enith oe??? ?aae?caoe?? ? iayai?noue aaeeei? e?eueeino?
??ciiieaiiaeo aioo??oi?o oa ciai?oi?o ?i?oe?thth/eo oaeoi??a.

A ?iaio? aeiaaaeaii, ui iioaioe?eii iaaacia/iiio ae?iaieoeoao aeanoeaa
ia?aaaaeaiiy iaaea?aeaaieo oi?i aeaniino?, ui oneeaaeith? i?ioean
ea?oaaiiy eiai ?icaeoeii. Anoaiiaeai? oae? iniaeeaino? ye aeeeth/ia
aaeocaaa ?iciianthaeaeai?noue i?iieneiaeo ia’?eo?a, iayai?noue
aeieia?/ii? iaaaciaee aeey iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua, i???ioaoe?y ia
i?noey eiioeaio?aoe?? ianaeaiiy. Iaa?oioiaaia iiaeeea?noue oi?aae?iiy
??aiai iaaaciaee ae?iaieoeoaa /a?ac nenoaio iiia?aaeaeoaaeueieo caoiae?a
c o?aooaaiiyi ca?eueoaiiy ??aiy iaaaciaee i?e aeiaai- oa
ei?ioeino?ieiaiio i?eieiaii? ae?yeueiino? ae?iaieoeoaa oa cia/i?e
aeiiii?/i?e cao?aoiino? iiaii? coieiee ae?iaieoeoaa.

Ia iniia? anoaiiaeaieo nooo?aeo iniaeeainoae iioaioe?eii iaaacia/iiai
ae?iaieoeoaa aecia/ai? iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei eiai ?aeaioeo?eaoe??.
Iaa?oioiaaii, ui aiia noaiiaeoue niaith e?eueea iine?aeiaii iia’ycaieo
aoai?a, eiaeiee c yeeo ia? ia iao? anoaiiaeaiiy eiie?aoieo oa?aeoa?enoee
ae?iaieoeoaa, ye? aeathoue i?aenoaae ?aeaioeo?eoaaoe eiai ye iaaacia/ia.
Aei oeeo aoai?a iaeaaeeoue aecia/aiiy: iniiaieo aeaea?ae iaaaciaee, ye?
ciaoiaeyoueny, ye i?aaeei, a oaoiieia?/ieo e?i?yo ae?iaieoeoaa; aieiaieo
?i?oe?thth/eo iiae?e ? oiia ?o ?aae?caoe??; e?euee?nieo aaee/ei
?iia??iino? ?aae?caoe?? iioaioe?eii? iaaaciaee. Ianooiiei e?ieii ?
aiae?c noeoiiino? oaeoi??a, ui ca?eueoothoue/ciaioothoue ?iia??i?noue
iiaeeeaeo aaa??e aai aieeaathoue ia aaee/eio ?o iane?aee?a. Iniaeeaa
cia/aiiy i?e ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? a?aeaiaeeoueny i?ioeano anoaiiaeaiiy
iniiaieo ?aoeei??io?a iaaaciaee oa oa?aeoa?o aieeao ia ieo.

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Iniaeeaino? ?ici?uaiiy iioaioe?eii iaaacia/iiai
i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa Oe?a?ie” iaa?oioiaaia ? ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaee/ia
caaacia/aiiy iioaeoi?iiai aiae?co eiai ?ici?uaiiy. Iaeiei c aieiaieo
iai?yi?a iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa aecia/aii noai?aiiy oaei?
oa?eoi??aeueii? i?aai?caoe??, yea a iaea?eueo?e i??? a?aeiia?aea? aeiic?
aeinyaiaiiy iaeaaeiiai ??aiy oaoiiaaiii? aaciaee. I?iaaaeaia aeiiii?/ia
ioe?iea ooieoe?iioaaiiy cacia/aiiai ae?iaieoeoaa. Cae?eniaia aeaoaeueia
aeine?aeaeaiiy eiai oa?eoi??aeueiiai ?ici?uaiiy ii iaeanoyo oa ?aa?iiao
Oe?a?ie, aeyaeai? ?aa?iiaeuei? iniaeeaino? ??ai?a eiioeaio?aoe?? oa
aieeao ia i?e?iaeia na?aaeiaeua. Aeaii aeiiii?/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy
iaoiaee/iiai i?aeoiaeo aei aeyaeaiiy iniaeeainoae eiai ?icaeoeo,
i?iaaaeaii iaiao?aeiee iioaeoi?iee aiae?c c iaoith aeinyaiaiiy
iioeiaeueieo iiaeaeae ?ici?uaiiy iioaioe?eii iaaacia/ieo ia’?eo?a.

I?iaiae?ciaaii noai iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie a
aaeocaaiio oa ?aa?iiaeueiiio ?ic??c?. Aecia/aii, ui a
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee?e, Aeiiaoeuee?e, Eoaainuee?e, Oa?e?anuee?e iaeanoyo,
aea cina?aaeaeaia iniiaia e?euee?noue iioaioe?eii iaaacia/iiai
ae?iaieoeoaa, eiai oa?aeoa?iith iniaeea?noth ? aeniea /anoea canoa??eiai
iaeaaeiaiiy. Cie?aia, ciioaiiy iniiaieo oiiae?a a Aei?i?iiao?ianuee?e
iaeano? ia i?aei?e?inoaao oaieiaia?aaoeee oa iaooio?i?/ii? i?iieneiaino?
aeinyaei a?aeiia?aeii 62,0% oa 47,2%. Ia i?aei?e?inoaao o?i?/ii?
i?iieneiaino? Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano? oeae iieaciee noaiiaeoue 46,3%.

Ia iniia? anoaiiaeaieo iaoiaee/ieo i?aeoiae?a oa aeei?enoaiiy
?ioi?iaoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a i?aai?a aeeiiaa/i? aeaaee i?i noai iaaacia/ieo
ia’?eo?a i?iaaaeaia ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y oa a?oioaaiiy ca ??aiai iioaioe?eii?
iaaaciaee i?iieneiaeo ia’?eo?a. Aei ?o neeaaeo a?aeiinyoueny
i?aei?e?inoaa aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee, iaeeaii?, o?i?/ii? oa iaooio?i?/ii?,
iaoaeo?a?eii? oa oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino?, a iaea?eueoo iaaaciaeo
noaiiaeyoue o?i?/ii- oa ?aae?aoe?eii iaaacia/i? i?aei?e?inoaa.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy oa?eoi??aeueii? i?aai?caoe?? iaaacia/iiai ae?iaieoeoaa
Oe?a?ie cae?eniaia a ?aa?iiaeueiiio aniaeo? a oe?eiio ii an?i eiai
aeaeao (o?i?/ii-, iiaeaaei-, aeaooi-, ?aae?aoe?eii- oa
a?ae?iaeeiai?/iiiaaacia/iiio). Aecia/ai? iniaeeaino? oa?eoi??aeueii?
i?aai?caoe?? eiaeiiai c ia?ae?/aieo aeae?a. Aiae?c iieacaa, ui
i?iieneiai ?icaeiaiee Aeiiaoeueeee aeiiii?/iee ?aeii iin?aea? ia?oa
i?noea a oa?eoi??aeuei?e no?oeoo?? i?iieneiaino? e?a?ie ? neeaaea? 23,9%
o caaaeuei?e e?eueeino? iioaioe?eii iaaacia/ieo i?aei?e?inoa. Ia
Aeiiaoeueeo iaeanoue c ieo i?eiaaea? 14,1%, ia Eoaainueeo — 9,8%. Aeae?
eaeooue Oeaio?aeueiee aeiiii?/iee ?aeii — 14%; I?eaei?i?ianueeee — 13%;
No?aeiee — 12,3%; Ea?iaonueeee — 11,5%; I?e/i?iiii?nueeee — 8,1%;
Iiae?euenueeee — 7,3%; E?einueeee — 3,2%. Iaeiaioa e?euee?noue
iioaioe?eii iaaacia/ieo i?aei?e?inoa ?icoaoiaaia a *a?i?aaoeuee?e
iaeano? — 0,9% a?ae caaaeueii? ?o e?eueeino?. A Oe?a?i? (aac o?aooaaiiy
ia’?eo?a a?enueeiai-i?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno) ?ici?uaii 1806 o?i?/ii
iaaacia/ieo ia’?eo?a, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ??ciith ?icina?aaeaeai?noth
ii ?aa?iiao. A No?aeiiio aeiiii?/iiio ?aeii? ?icoaoiaaia iaea?eueoa ?o
e?euee?noue — 17,9% a?ae ?o caaaeueii? e?eueeino? a e?a?i?. Aeae? o
Aeiiaoeueeiio — 15,9%, I?e/i?iiii?nueeiio — 13%; Oeaio?aeueiiio — 11,9%;
Iie?nueeiio — 11,1%; I?eaei?i?ianueeiio — 9,9%; Ea?iaonueeiio — 8,5%;
Iiae?euenueeiio — 6%; E?einueeiio — 5,9%. I’youe iaeanoae: Oa?e?anueea
(11,3%), Aeiiaoeueea ? Iaeanueea (8,6%), Eoaainueea (7,3%) ?
Aei?i?iiao?ianueea (6,4%) neeaaeathoue 44,2% iioaioe?aeo o?i?/ii
iaaacia/iiai eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ici?uaiiy iiaeaaei- ?
aeaooiiaaacia/ieo ia’?eo?a na?ae/eoue i?i a?aeiinio ??aiii??i?noue ?o
?icoaooaaiiy ii oa?eoi???, ui aeinyaa?oueny aiane?aeie
?iciianthaeaeaiino? a aaciaeo aaeocyo ainiiaea?noaa. Cie?aia oea
i?aei?e?inoaa aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee (7,7% a?ae caaaeueii? e?eueeino?);
o?i?/ii? i?iieneiaino? (30%); e?niai? (27,7%); oa?/iai? (4,6%); eaaei?
(9,2%); iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy (10%); iaoaeo?a?? (4,6%). Iaea?eueoa
e?euee?noue iiaeaaei- ? aeaooiiaaacia/ieo ia’?eo?a ?icoaoiaaia o
Iiae?euenueeiio aeiiii?/iiio ?aeii? — 230 aai 19,5 % a?ae caaaeueii?
e?eueeino? (1177 ia’?eo?a) a Oe?a?i?, 169 ?ici?uaii o No?aeiiio
aeiiii?/iiio ?aeii? (14,3%); iaeiaioa iiae?aieo ia’?eo?a o E?einueeiio —
45 (3,9%). A iaeaniiio ?ic??c? iaea?eueoa iiaeaaei- ? aeaooiiaaacia/ieo
ia’?eo?a ?icoaoiaaii a Caii??cuee?e (102) oa A?iieoeuee?e (93) iaeanoyo,
iaeiaioa — a *a?i?a?anuee?e oa *a?eanueeeo iaeanoyo (ii 15).
?aae?aoe?eii- oa a?ae?iaeeiai?/iiiaaacia/i? ia’?eoe i?e iianthaeiiio
?ici?uaii? ia oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie oa?aeoa?ecothoueny /?oeith
eieae?caoe??th iniaeeai iaaacia/ieo ia’?eo?a — AAN, aaeeeeo oainoinoiaeu
oa oeaiiiaeiie/oaa/?a, a?ae?ioaoi?/ieo nii?oae AAN ia ?. Aei?i??.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iniaeeainoae oa?eoi??aeueii? i?aai?caoe?? iaaacia/ieo
i?aei?e?inoa ?icaeyaea?oueny aaoi?ii ye iniiaa aeey aenia?oii? ioe?iee
??aiy ?eceeo aeieeiaiiy oaoiiaaiieo iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e oa
aecia/aiiy iai?yie?a oaeineiiaeaiiy ?o ?ici?uaiiy ye aeaea?ae
oaoiiaaiii? iaaaciaee. A ?iaio? ca iaoiaeeeith ?ic?iaeaiith a ?AIN
Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie ?ic?aoiaai? a ?aeiiiiio oa iaeaniiio ?ic??c? ii
eiaeiiio c aeae?a iaaacia/ieo ae?iaieoeoa eiao?oe??ioe iaaaciaee ii
ianaeaiith ? oa?eoi??? ii ni?aa?aeiioaiith:

Kcdn = Nd / Nl,
(1)

aea Kcdn — eiao?oe??io o?i?/ii? iaaaciaee aeey ianaeaiiy (oiiaieo
iaeeieoeue) e?a?ie, aeiiii?/iiai ?aeiio aai iaeano?,

Nd — e?euee?noue ianaeaiiy a cii? iiaeeeaiai o?aaeaiiy oaeoi?aie
o?i?/ii? iaaaciaee a e?a?i?, aeiiii?/iiio ?aeii? aai iaeano?, /ie.;

Nl — e?euee?noue ianaeaiiy a e?a?i?, aeiiii?/iiio ?aeii? aai iaeano?,
/ie.;

Kcds = Sd / Sl,
(2)

aea Kcds — eiao?oe??io o?i?/ii? iaaaciaee aeey oa?eoi??? (oiiaieo
iaeeieoeue),

Sd — ieiua ciie iiaeeeaiai o?aaeaiiy oaeoi?aie o?i?/ii? iaaaciaee a
e?a?i?, aeiiii?/iiio ?aeii? aai iaeano?, ei2;

Sl — ieiua e?a?ie, aeiiii?/iiai ?aeiio aai iaeano?, ei2.

Aiaeia?/ii ?ic?aoiaai? a?aeiia?aei? eiao?oe??ioe iiaeaaei- oa
aeaooiiaaaciaee (Kfdn, Kfds), ?aae?aoe?eii? iaaaciaee (Kndn, Knds),
a?ae?iaeeiai?/ii? iaaaciaee (Kgdn, Kgds).

Ca ?o aeiiiiiaith ?ic?aoiaaii eiao?oe??ioe a?aeiinii? o?i?/ii? iaaaciaee
aeey ianaeaiiy aaei?i?no?aoeaii? aai oa?eoi??aeueii-aeiiii?/ii?
iaeeieoe? ii ni?aa?aeiioaiith:

knr = Kcdnr / Kcdnc,

(3)

aea knr — eiao?oe??io a?aeiinii? o?i?/ii? iaaaciaee aeey ianaeaiiy
eiie?aoii? aaei?i?no?aoeaii? aai oa?eoi??aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? iaeeieoe?
(oiiaieo iaeeieoeue),

Kcdnr — eiao?oe??io o?i?/ii? iaaaciaee aeey ianaeaiiy eiie?aoii?
aaei?i?no?aoeaii? aai oa?eoi??aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? iaeeieoe?,

Kcdnc — eiao?oe??io o?i?/ii? iaaaciaee aeey ianaeaiiy e?a?ie.

Aiaeia?/ii ?ic?aoiaai? a?aeiia?aei? eiao?oe??ioe a?aeiinii? iiaeaaei- oa
aeaooiiaaaciaee (kfr) ?aae?aoe?eii? iaaaciaee (knr), a?ae?iaeeiai?/ii?
iaaaciaee (kgr).

Ia iniia? io?eiaieo eiao?oe??io?a i?iaaaeaia aenia?oia ioe?iea ??aiy
?eceeo aeieeiaiiy oaoiiaaiieo iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e ii oa?eoi??yi oa
aecia/ai? ?aa?iie c eiai e?eoe/ieie iieacieeaie. ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooie?a
iieacothoue, ui aecia/aeueieie oaeoi?aie na?aae noeoiii? ae?? an?o
oaoiiaaiieo iaaaciae aenooia? ?aae?aoe?eia, a?ae?iaeeiai?/ia oa o?i?/ia
iaaaciaea. Oae, ca eiao?oe??ioii o?i?/ii? iaaaciaee aeey ianaeaiiy
niinoa??aa?oueny ianooiiee ?iciiae?e: I?eaei?i?ianueeee — 0,78;
I?e/i?iiii?nueeee — 0,69; Aeiiaoeueeee — 0,67; Oeaio?aeueiee — 0,51;
E?einueeee — 0,48; No?aeiee — 0,45; Ea?iaonueeee — 0,3; Iie?nueeee —
0,16; Iiae?euenueeee — 0,09. Iaeaeuee ??aaiue oeueiai eiao?oe??ioa —
1,00 — o i?no? Ee?a?, 0,88 aecia/a?oueny a Aei?i?iiao?ianuee?e iaeano?,
0,87 — a Iaeanuee?e, 0,83 — o Aeiiaoeuee?e. Iaeieae/ee ??aaiue
eiao?oe??ioa o?i?/ii? iaaaciaee ii ianaeaiith ia? Oiaeueieoeueea
iaeanoue — 0,01.

Iaeaeuee ??aaiue a?aeiinii? o?i?/ii? iaaaciaee noaiiaeoue — 2,08 o i?no?
Ee?a?; aeae? eaeooue Aei?i?iiao?ianueea iaeanoue — 1,83; Iaeanueea —
1,81; Aeiiaoeueea — 1,73; Oa?e?anueea — 1,41; Caii??cueea — 1,25.
Iaeaeuee ??aaiue oeueiai iieacieea na?aae aeiiii?/ieo ?aeii?a o
I?eaei?i?ianueeiai — 1,63; I?e/i?iiii?nueeee ia? 1,44, a Aeiiaoeueeee —
1,39. Oaeee oa?eoi??aeueiee ?iciiae?e a oe?eiio ni?aiaaea? ?c caaaeueiei
?ici?uaiiyi iioaioe?eii iaaacia/iiai i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa (iae.-1).

Aiae?c oa?eoi??aeueiiai ?iciiae?eo aeieeiaiiy iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e
oaoiiaaiiiai oa?aeoa?o oa iiaeaeueoa ni?anoaaeaiiy eiai c ?ici?uaiiyi
iioaioe?eii iaaacia/iiai ae?iaieoeoaa aeyaea i?yio caeaaei?noue ??aiy
aeieeiaiiy iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e a?ae eiioeaio?aoe?? iaaacia/ieo
ae?iaieoeoa a ?aa?iiao. Cie?aia, iaeaeuee ??aaiue aeieeiaiiy
iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e oaoiiaaiiiai oa?aeoa?o no?eei o?eno?oueny a
Oa?e?anuee?e, Caii??cuee?e, Aeiiaoeuee?e oa Eoaainuee?e iaeanoyo, aea
a?i eieeaa?oueny a?ae 11 aei 16 aeiaaee?a a ??e. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui ?aa?iie c iaea?eueoith e?euee?noth
iioaioe?eii iaaacia/iiai ae?iaieoeoaa ni?aiaaeathoue c ?aa?iiaie
iaea?eueoiai cina?aaeaeaiiy ianaeaiiy. Cie?aia, a Oa?e?anuee?e,
Caii??cuee?e, Aeiiaoeuee?e, Eoaainuee?e oa Aei?i?iiao?ianuee?e iaeanoyo,
aea ooieoe?iio? 38% ia’?eo?a a?ae caaaeueiiai ?o /enea, i?iaeeaa? 32,9%
ianaeaiiy. Anoaiiaeaii, ui oa?eoi??aeueia i?aai?caoe?y iioaioe?eii
iaaacia/iiai i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ??ciith
aaeocaaith no?oeoo?ith a ie?aieo aeiiii?/ieo ?aeiiao. Cie?aia, a
Iiae?euenueeiio oa Oeaio?aeueiiio aeiiii?/ieo ?aeiiao ia?aaaaeathoue
iioaioe?eii iaaacia/i? ia’?eoe oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino?, a a Aeiiaoeueeiio
oa I?eaei?i?ianueeiio — a?aeiia?aei? i?aei?e?inoaa aaaeei? oa o?i?/ii?
i?iieneiaino?. Aeine?aeaeaii iniaeeaino? o?ainei?aeiiiiai aieeao
iioaioe?eii-iaaacia/iiai i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa, iniaeeai a
Ea?iaonueeiio, I?e/i?iiii?nueeiio oa No?aeiiio aeiiii?/ieo ?aeiiao.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “Oaeineiiaeaiiy oa?eoi??aeueii? i?aai?caoe??
iioaioe?eii iaaacia/iiai i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa” i?aaenoaaeai?
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy uiaei ?aoe?iiae?caoe?? eiai ?icaeoeo ?
?ici?uaiiy. I?aeaioiaeaii aeiiii?/ii iaa?oioiaai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii
oaeineiiaeaiith oa?eoi??aeueii? i?aai?caoe?? iioaioe?eii iaaacia/iiai
i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa; aecia/aii iniiai? iieiaeaiiy i?aeaeuaiiy
no?eeino? eiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy a oiiaao aeieeiaiiy iaaecae/aeieo
neooaoe?e i?e?iaeiiai oa oaoiiaaiiiai iioiaeaeaiiy; aecia/aii aieiai?
oeyoe iiaeieaiiy ?nioth/eo i?iaeai a ieoaiiyo ?aaoethaaiiy ?icaeoeo ?
?ici?uaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa c iaaacia/iith ae?yeuei?noth.

Ii ?acoeueoaoai aeine?aeaeaiiy nooo?aeo iniaeeainoae ae?iaieoeoaa oa
aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee oa?eoi??aeueii? i?aai?caoe?? noi?ioeueiaai? aeiiae
uiaei eiai ?ici?uaiiy c o?aooaaiiyi i?eioeei?a noaeiai ?icaeoeo. Oae,
i?e ieaioaaii? oa i?iaiicoaaii? ?icaeoeo oaeiai ae?iaieoeoaa oa i?e
?ic?iaoe? noai ?ici?uaiiy iaea?eueo aaaeeeaeo i?iieneiaeo eiiieaen?a
iaiao?aeii ia?aaeaa/aoe caoiaee, ye? ia’?aeiothoueny a aea? aaeee?
a?oie: caaaeueiiainiiaea?nueeiai ni?yioaaiiy oa
ae?iaie/i-i?aai?caoe?ei?. Aei ia?oi? a?aeiinyoueny caoiaee ii
?icina?aaeaeaiith ii oa?eoi??? eiioeaio?aoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa iaea?eueo
aaaeeeai? i?iaeoeoe??, iniaeeai c i?aeaeuaiei ?eceeii aeieeiaiiy
iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e; caaacia/aiith eiiieaeniiai ?icaeoeo
ainiiaea?noaa c iaeneiaeueiei aeei?enoaiiyi i?noeaaeo ?ano?n?a oa
ae?iaie/eo iiooaeiinoae a iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?yo c iaoith ?o no?eeiai
ooieoe?iioaaiiy; iaa?oioiaaiiio iaiaaeaiith c?inoaiiy aaeeeeo i?no oa
eiioeaio?aoe?? a ieo i?iieneiaeo ia’?eo?a; ?icaeoeo aeiiii?/ii
ia?niaeoeaieo iaeeo oa na?aaei?o i?no, naeeu i?nueeiai oeio oa aaeeeeo
n?euenueeeo ianaeaieo ioieo?a c ?ici?uaiiyi ia ?o oa?eoi??? o?e?e
i?aei?e?inoa, ui ooieoe?iiothoue o aaeeeeo i?noao; eiiieaeniiio
inai?iith i?aecaiiiai i?inoi?o aaeeeeo i?no aeey ?ici?uaiiy i?aei?e?inoa
c o?aooaaiiyi i?enoinoaaiiy /anoeie i?ei?uaiue aeey iio?aa ianaeaiiy i?e
iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?yo; iaiaaeaiith aoae?aieoeoaa iiaeo oa ?icoe?aiiy
?nioth/eo aia?ai?iieo oa aiaei?iieo ae?iaieoeoa, iniaeeai a aaeeeeo
i?iieneiaeo oeaio?ao e?a?ie. Iaia’yceiaa i?iaaaeaiiy
ae?iaie/i-i?aai?caoe?eieo caoiae?a ia?aaeaa/a?: a?aooaaiiy i?e
?ici?uaii? iioaioe?eii iaaacia/ieo ae?iaieoeoa ?aa?iiaeueieo
iani?eyoeeaeo i?e?iaeieo i?ioean?a oa iiaeeeainoae eoioeyoeaiiai aieeao
?nioth/eo oaoiiaaiieo ia’?eo?a; anoaiiaeaiiy iioeiaeueieo ae?iaie/eo
iiooaeiinoae ? ?ici???a i?aei?e?inoa, aeoiaey/e c aeiia oaoi?/ii?
iiaea?i?caoe?? c o?aooaaiiyi caaacia/aiiy no?eeiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy
ainiiaea?noaa a iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?yo; iinooiiaa aeaaaeaiiy ?c i?no
iioaioe?eii iaaacia/ieo i?aei?e?inoa; aeiiii?/ii iaa?oioiaaia
aeei?enoaiiy i?aecaiieo a??ie/eo ae?iaie ?c noai?ei aeio?eiaiiyi
aeieia?/ieo ii?i oa aaaeaiiyi niaoe?aeueieo ?ia?o; aei?aaaeaia c
iiceoe?e aaciaee ia?ai?io?ethaaiiy iaaacia/iiai ae?iaieoeoaa i?ae /an
i?eaaoecaoe?eieo i?ioean?a. A ?iaio? iaa?oioiaaia canoinoaaiiy
cacia/aieo caoiae?a ye iniiaiiai oeyoo ?aae?caoe?? aea?aeaaii? no?aoaa??
caaacia/aiiy no?eeino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie oa ??
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oa?eoi??aeueieo eaiie o ?ac? aeieeiaiiy iaaecae/aeieo
neooaoe?e. ?aoe?iiaeueia ?ici?uaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee ia oa?eoi???
e?a?ie aecia/aia iaei??th c aieiaieo neeaaeiaeo oe??? no?aoaa??.

Iaa?oioiaai? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy no?aoaa?? ?icaeoeo oa ?ici?uaiiy
iaaacia/iiai ae?iaieoeoaa, ye? iieyaathoue a cieaeaii? ??aiy
iioaioe?eii? iaaaciaee (aecia/aii ia?ae?e caoiae?a), oaeineiiaeaii?
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiai? aace (anoaiiaeai? iai?yie oaeineiiaeaiiy),
i?aeaeuaii? ?ie? aea?aeaaiiai aieeao (iaa?oioiaai? iniiai? niiniae).

Aecia/ai? iniiai? iaoai?cie aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
oaoiiaaiii-aeieia?/ii? aaciaee oeyoii canoinoaaiiy iaoiae?a no?aooaaiiy
? e?oeaicoaaiiy, aeei?enoaiiy iaoai?ci?a i?eaaoecaoe?? oa niaoe?aeueiiai
e?aaeeooaaiiy. Cie?aia i?iaiae?ciaaii oa iaa?oioiaaii canoinoaaiiy
ia?ano?aooaaiiy, aaaaeaiiy iiaeo iaia’yceiaeo aeae?a no?aooaaiiy,
aaaaeaiiy i?euea iaaiei eaoaai??yi no?aoiaee?a. ?icaeyiooi aeei?enoaiiy
iaoai?cio no?aooaaiiy ca eiai ie?aieie aeaeaie: no?aooaaiiy aeeooy, a?ae
iauanieo aeiaaee?a, iaeia, aeeaae?a oa e?aaeeo?a. Aecia/aii oeyoe
aeei?enoaiiy iaoai?ci?a i?eaaoecaoe?? ia aoai? i?aeaioiaee aei ia?
(ei?ii?aoecaoe?? oa o?iainiai? naiaoe??) oa aaciina?aaeiuei?
i?eaaoecaoe?? (niiniaaie i?aiaee, aeueoa?iaoeaiiai oa i?neyi?aiaeiiai
ieaio, aeoe?iioaaiiy oa aoeoe?iio). Anoaiiaeaii iiaeeeaino? canoinoaaiiy
ia i?noeaaiio ??ai? iniaeeaeo ieaoaae?a — ieaoe ca ?ecee.

Iaa?oioiaaii iniiai? oeyoe oaeineiiaeaiiy ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiai? aace
oeyoii i?eaaaeaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa aei no/anieo aeiia uiaei ?ici?uaiiy
ae?iaieoeoaa, aa?iii?caoe?? eiai ?c e?aueie na?oiaeie c?aceaie, onoiaiiy
iaaei?aaaeaiiai aeoaethaaiiy aai ?nioaaiiy ii?iaoeaii ia a?aaoeueiaaieo
ieoaiue.

Aeniiaee

Aeine?aeaeaiiy oa?eoi??aeueii? i?aai?caoe?? iioaioe?eii iaaacia/iiai
i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa aeicaieeei c?iaeoe ?yae aeniiae?a oa
noi?ioaaoe ia ?o iniia? aieiai? iai?yiee oaeineiiaeaiiy eiai ?ici?uaiiy
ye neeaaeiai? /anoeie aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee caaacia/aiiy noaeiai ?icaeoeo
e?a?ie. A eiai iaaeao io?eiaii ianooiia :

1. A oiiaao cia/iiai iia??oaiiy noaio oaoiiaaiii-aeieia?/ii? aaciaee
iniaeeaa cia/aiiy iaaoaathoue ieoaiiy ?aaoethaaiiy ?icaeoeo iniiaieo
aeaea?ae oaoiiaaiii? caa?ice — iioaioe?eii iaaacia/iiai i?iieneiaiai
ae?iaieoeoaa. C o?aooaaiiyi oeueiai, anoaiiaeaia eiai nooi?noue, yea
aeyaey?oueny o iayaiino? iaaaciaee aeey iaaeieeoiueiai i?e?iaeiiai
na?aaeiaeua oa iioaioe?eiiai oa?aeoa?o ?aae?caoe?? oe??? iaaaciaee;
cia/i?e aaee/ei? iaaaciaee oa ?? ?aae?caoe?? /a?ac i?iieneia? aaa???;
iayaiino? aeieia?/ii? iaaaciaee; aaeocaa?e ?iciianthaeaeaiino? oa
ia?aaaaeaii? iaaea?aeaaieo oi?i aeaniino?; ??ciiieaiiaeo ?i?oe?thth/eo
oaeoi?ao ?aae?caoe?? iaaaciaee, aeiiii?/i?e cao?aoiino? iiaii? aai
/anoeiai? coieiee ae?iaieoeoaa oa ca?eueoaiiy ??aiy iaaaciaee i?e
oeueiio, i???ioaoe?? ia i?noey eiioeaio?aoe?? ianaeaiiy.

2. Cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iioaioe?eii
iaaacia/iiai i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa, nooue yei? iieyaa? o
anoaiiaeaii?: aeaea?ae iaaaciaee, ?i?oe?thth/eo iiae?e ? oiia ??
?aae?caoe??, oaeoi??a iineeaiiy aai ciaioaiiy ?eceeo ?aae?caoe??
iioaioe?eii? iaaaciaee, ?aoeei??io?a oaeoi??a ?aae?caoe?? iaaaciaee,
nooiaiy aieeao ?aae?ciaaii? iaaaciaee ia iniia? ii??aiyiiy c ?nioth/eie
?aeaioeo?eaoi?aie.

3. Cae?eniaia ioe?iea aeiiii?/iiai noaio iioaioe?eii iaaacia/iiai
i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa oa aeyaeai? iniiai? eiai iniaeeaino?:
aeei?enoaiiy ii?aeueii ? o?ce/ii ciioaiiai iaeaaeiaiiy; aaeeea /anoea o
iaoe?iiaeueiiio aaeiaiio aioo??oiueiio i?iaeoeo? i?e iecueeiio nooiai?
aeei?enoaii? ae?iaie/eo iiooaeiinoae; iino?eia ia?ai?io?ethaaiiy
ae?iaieoeoaa.

4. Anoaiiaeai? iniiai? iniaeeaino? ?ici?uaiiy iioaioe?eii iaaacia/iiai
ae?iaieoeoaa a Oe?a?i?, yea oa?aeoa?eco?oueny eiai iioe?aiiyi ii an?e ??
oa?eoi???; iaaei??i?e eiioeaio?aoe?? ia ie?aieo oa?eoi??yo;
a?aei?iiinoyie aaeocaai? no?oeoo?e a ?aa?iiao; cina?aaeaeaiiyi a i?noao
oa a ?aa?iiao c aenieith aonoioith ianaeaiiy; iiaeeeainoyie
o?ainei?aeiiiiai aieeao ia non?aei? aea?aeaae.

5. I?iaaaeaia aenia?oia ioe?iea ?eceeo aeieeiaiiy oaoiiaaiieo
iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e ii oa?eoi??yi c aeei?enoaiiyi eiao?oe??ioo
a?aeiinii? iaaaciaee aeey ianaeaiiy ? oa?eoi??e ii an?i aeaeai iaaaciaee
oa aecia/ai? ?aa?iie c iaeaeuei ??aiai oeueiai ?eceeo —
I?eaei?i?ianueeee, Aeiiaoeueeee, I?e/i?iiii?nueeee oa i. Ee?a.

6. Cai?iiiiiaai? iniiai? iai?yiee oaeineiiaeaiiy ?ici?uaiiy iioaioe?eii
iaaacia/iiai ae?iaieoeoaa ye neeaaeiai? /anoeie caaacia/aiiy aea?aeaaii?
iie?oeee noaeiai ?icaeoeo e?a?ie.

7. Iaa?oioiaai? iniiai? niiniae aea?aeaaiiai aieeao /a?ac canoinoaaiiy
aeiiii?ei-aaei?i?no?aoeaieo iaoai?ci?a no?aooaaiiy, e?oeaicoaaiiy oa
aeei?enoaiiy iniaeeainoae i?eaaoecaoe?? ? iaoai?ci?a ieaoe ca
i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy.

8. Cai?iiiiiaai? iniiai? oeyoe oaeineiiaeaiiy ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiai? aace
c ieoaiue oaoiiaaiii-aeieia?/ii? aaciaee oa iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e.

Nienie ioae?eaoe?e ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??

1. Aieioei N. I. Iaeiie/oaa/? i?iieneiaeo a?aeoiae?a i?aei?e?inoa //
I?aeaeuaiiy aaciaee aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy ? no?eeino? aeiiii?ee
Oe?a?ie c o?aooaaiiyi ?eceeo aeieeiaiiy oaoiiaaiieo ? i?e?iaeieo
eaoano?io—Ee?a: ?AIN IAI Oe?a?ie.—1993.— N. 49-53.

2. Aieioei N. I. I?iiiceoe?? uiaei ?ic?iaee eiiieaenieo caoiae?a aeey
cieaeaiiy ianooaa?a nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo iane?aee?a iaaecae/aeieo
neooaoe?e i?e?iaeiiai iioiaeaeaiiy / / I?aeaeuaiiy aaciaee
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy ? no?eeino? aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie c
o?aooaaiiyi ?eceeo aeieeiaiiy oaoiiaaiieo ? i?e?iaeieo eaoano?io — Ee?a:
?AIN IAI Oe?a?ie . —1993.— N.101-104.

3. Aieioei N. I. O?ainaea?aeaai? aaa??? ? eaoano?ioe oaoiiaaiiiai ?
i?e?iaeiiai iioiaeaeaiiy — / / I?aeaeuaiiy aaciaee aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?
ianaeaiiy ? no?eeino? aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie c o?aooaaiiyi ?eceeo aeieeiaiiy
oaoiiaaiieo ? i?e?iaeieo eaoano?io — Ee?a: ?AIN IAI Oe?a?ie . — 1993.—
N.105-111.

4. Aieioei N. I. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy ?eceeii oaoiiaaiieo
aaa??e ? eaoano?io / / Caaaeuei? aeiiae aei ?icaeoeo ? ?ici?uaiiy
iioaioe?eii iaaacia/ieo ae?iaieoeoa c o?aooaaiiyi ?eceeo iaaecae/aeieo
neooaoe?e oaoiiaaiiiai iioiaeaeaiiy — Ee?a: ?AIN Oe?a?ie IAI
Oe?a?ie.—1995.— N.70-74.

5. Aieioei N. I. O?ainiaoe?iiaeuei? aaa??? ? eaoano?ioe oaoiiaaiiiai
iioiaeaeaiiy / / Caaaeuei? aeiiae aei ?icaeoeo ? ?ici?uaiiy iioaioe?eii
iaaacia/ieo ae?iaieoeoa c o?aooaaiiyi ?eceeo iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e
oaoiiaaiiiai iioiaeaeaiiy — Ee?a: ?AIN Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie.—1995.—
N.113-118.

6. Aieioei N.I. O?ainiaoe?iiaeuei? iaaaciaee oaoiiaaiiiai iioiaeaeaiiy
// Iiia?aaeaeaiiy iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e—Ee?a:Ooaa OeI
Oe?a?ie.—1997.—N.83-85.

7. Aieioei N. I. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy ?eceeii / /
Iiia?aaeaeaiiy iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e — Ee?a: Ooaa OeI Oe?a?ie.—1997.—
N. 94-97.

8. Aieioei N. I. I?iaeaie e?oeaicoaaiiy ae?yeueiino? iaaacia/ieo
ae?iaieoeoa / / Iiia?aaeaeaiiy iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e — Ee?a: Ooaa OeI
Oe?a?ie.—1997.— N.109-110.

9. Aieioei N. I. Iaaecae/aei? neooaoe?? a Oe?a?i? a 1994 ?ioe? / /
Iiia?aaeaeaiiy iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e — Ee?a: Ooaa OeI Oe?a?ie.—1997.—
N.143-146.

10. Aieioei N. I. Aaa??y ia aacii?iaiae?: aeina?ae iaaeaaeino? / /
Iiia?aaeaeaiiy iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e — Ee?a: Ooaa OeI Oe?a?ie.—1997.—
N.147-149.

11. Aieioei N. I. I?e?iaei? iaaacia/i? yaeua a Oe?a?i? a 1995 ?ioe? /
/ Iiia?aaeaeaiiy iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e — Ee?a: Ooaa OeI
Oe?a?ie.—1997.— N.151-154.

12. Aieioei N. I., Noaiaiaiei A.A., Noo?ia A.I. Iniaeeaino?
i?eaaoecaoe?? iioaioe?eii iaaacia/ieo i?aei?e?inoa / / Iiia?aaeaeaiiy
iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e — Ee?a: Ooaa OeI Oe?a?ie.—1997.— N.184-190; (c
ieo iniaenoiai aianeo N.186-188).

13. Aieioei N. I., Oaaei?euaaa A. I. I?iaeaia ieaoi? ca
i?e?iaeiaeei?enoaiiy / / Iiia?aaeaeaiiy iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e — Ee?a:
Ooaa OeI Oe?a?ie.—1997.— N.190-193; (c ieo iniaenoiai aianeo N.190-191).

14. Aieioei N. I. Iniiai? canaaee oi?aae?iiyi ?eceeii oaoiiaaiieo aaa??e
oa eaoano?io / / Aeiiii?ei-i?aaia? ? aeieia?/i? canaaee i?eaaoecaoe??
iioaioe?eii iaaacia/iiai i?aei?e?inoaa — Ee?a: Eiain.—1998.— N. 59-63.

15. Aieioei N. I. I?eaaoecaoe?y iaaacia/ieo i?aei?e?inoa — / / O?yaeiaee
eo?’??. — 1995.— ?123-124.— N.5.

16. Aieioei N. I. Canoinoaaiiy no?aoiaeo iaoai?ci?a a aaeoc? oaoiiaaiii?
aaciaee — / / Oace iaoe.-oaoi?/. eiio. “Iniiai? iai?yiee caaacia/aiiy
aaciaee ianaeaiiy oa no?eeino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie i?e
caa?ic? aeieeiaiiy i?e?iaeieo oa oaoiiaaiieo eaoano?io”.— Oii 3.—
Ee?a:OAAIOC.— 1997.— N.30-34.

Aiioaoe?y

Aieioei N. I. Oa?eoi??aeueia i?aai?caoe?y iioaioe?eii iaaacia/iiai
i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa Oe?a?ie. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.10.01. — ?ici?uaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee oa
?aa?iiaeueia aeiiii?ea. — ?aaea ii aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie
IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia i?iaeaiai ?icaeoeo ? ?ici?uaiiy iioaioe?eii
iaaacia/iiai i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa Oe?a?ie a ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae.
Aecia/ai? eiai iniiai? nooo?a? iniaeeaino? oa cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaee/i?
i?aeoiaee aei ?aeaioeo?eaoe??. I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiii?/iiai
noaio iioaioe?eii iaaacia/iiai i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa oa aecia/aii
iniaeeaino? eiai oa?eoi??aeueii? ?icina?aaeaeaiino?. Cae?eniaia
aenia?oia ioe?iea ??aiy ?eceeo aeieeiaiiy oaoiiaaiieo iaaecae/aeieo
neooaoe?e ii oa?eoi??yi. Cai?iiiiiaai? iai?yiee oaeineiiaeaiiy
?ici?uaiiy iioaioe?eii iaaacia/iiai i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa a ?aieao
no?aoaa?? noaeiai ?icaeoeo oa iaa?oioiaai? aeiiii?ei-aaei?i?no?aoeai?
iaoai?cie aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy eiai aacia/iiai ?icaeoeo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iioaioe?eii iaaacia/ia i?iieneiaa ae?iaieoeoai, ia’?eo,
?aeaioeo?eaoe?y, iaaecae/aeia neooaoe?y, oaeoi? ?ici?uaiiy, oaoiiaaiiee
?ecee, no?ee?noue, ?icaeoie, ?aaoethaaiiy, oi?aae?iiy.

Aiiioaoeey

Aieioei N. I. Oa??eoi?eaeueiay i?aaiecaoeey iioaioeeaeueii iianiiai
i?iiuoeaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa Oe?aeiu. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08. 10. 01. — ?aciauaiea i?iecaiaeeoaeueiuo nee
e ?aaeiiaeueiay yeiiiieea. — Niaao ii eco/aieth i?iecaiaeeoaeueiuo nee
Oe?aeiu IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeeiiiia enneaaeiaaiea iinayuaii i?iaeaiai ?acaeoey e
?aciauaiey iioaioeeaeueii iianiiai i?iiuoeaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa Oe?aeiu a
ia?aoiaeiue ia?eiae. Ii?aaeaeaiu aai iniiaiua iniaaiiinoe, eioi?ua
aeeth/atho iaee/ea iianiinoe aeey ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu, iioaioeeaeueiue
oa?aeoa? yoie iianiinoe, iaee/ea yeieiae/aneie iianiinoe, ?aaeecaoeeth
iioaioeeaeueiie iianiinoe /a?ac i?iiuoeaiiua aaa?ee, io?aneaaoth
?ani?ino?aiaiiinoue, cao?aoiinoue inoaiiaee i?iecaiaenoa,
o?oaeiaieinoue, iaee/ea ?acee/iuo oaeoi?ia, eieoeee?othueo ?aaeecaoeeth
iianiinoe.

Iainiiaaiu iaoiaeieiae/aneea iiaeoiaeu e eaeaioeoeeaoeee aeaiiiai
i?iecaiaenoaa, ninoiyuea a iineaaeiaaoaeueiii ii?aaeaeaiea enoi/ieeia
iianiinoe, eieoeee?othueo niauoee e oneiaee eo ?aaeecaoeee, oaeoi?ia
oneeaiey eee oiaiueoaiey ?enea aicieeiiaaiey /?acau/aeiuo neooaoeee,
?aoeeieaioia iaaaoeaiuo oaeoi?ia ?aaeecaoeee iianiinoe, noaiaie aeeyiey
?aaeeciaaiiie iianiinoe ia iniiaaiee n?aaiaiey n nouanoaothueie
eaeaioeoeeaoi?aie. ?anniio?aia a?oiie?iaea i?iecaiaenoaa ii noaiaie e
oa?aeoa?o aeeyiey ia ie?oaeathuoth n?aaeo. I?iecaaaeaia ioeaiea
yeiiiie/aneiai ninoiyiey iioaioeeaeueii iianiiai i?iiuoeaiiiai
i?iecaiaenoaa e ia aa iniiaa auaeaeaiu iniiaiua i?eciaee: eniieueciaaiea
ii?aeueii e oece/anee eciioaiiiai iai?oaeiaaiey, ieceay noaiaiue
eniieueciaaiey i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo iiuiinoae, ia eiio?iee?iaaiiia
ia?ai?ioeee?iaaiea, aunieee oaeaeueiue aan a iaoeeiiaeueiii aaeiaii
aioo?aiiai i?iaeoeoa. Ii?aaeaeaiu iniaaiiinoe oa??eoi?eaeueiie
i?aaiecaoeee aeaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa, ninoiyuea a ?ani?ino?aiaiee ii anae
oa??eoi?ee, aunieie eiioeaio?aoeee a ioaeaeueiuo ?aaeiiao, io?aneaauo
ioee/eyo ii oa??eoi?eyi, ?aciauaiee a ai?iaeao e ?aaeiiao n aunieie
ieioiinoueth ianaeaiey, o?aina?aie/iii aicaeaenoaee ia nii?aaeaeueiua
ainoaea?noaa. ?ann/eoaiu eiyooeoeeaiou ioiineoaeueiie iianiinoe aeey
ianaeaiey e oa??eoi?ee ii anai aa aeaeai a ?ac?aca iaeanoae e
yeiiiie/aneeo ?aeiiia. Ia eo iniiaaiee i?iecaaaeaia yenia?oiay ioeaiea
o?iaiy oaoiiaaiiiai ?enea aicieeiiaaiey /?acau/aeiuo neooaoeee ii
oa??eoi?eyi e ii?aaeaeaiu yeiiiie/aneea ?aeiiu n e?eoe/aneei o?iaiai
yoiai ?enea — I?eaeiai?ianeee, Aeiiaoeeee, I?e/a?iiii?neei e a. Eeaa.
Oai?aoe/anee iainiiaaii eniieueciaaiea iioaioeeaeueiie iianiinoe
i?iecaiaenoaa eae iaeiiai ec oaeoi?ia ?aciauaiey e onoaiiaeaiu aeaaiua
i?eioeeiu ?aciauaiey iioaioeeaeueii iianiiai i?iiuoeaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa
a nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo. Ii?aaeaeaiu iniiaiua niiniau ainoaea?noaaiiiai
?aaoee?iaaiey iooai eniieueciaaiey yeiiiieei-aaeieieno?aoeaiuo
iaoaieciia no?aoiaaiey, eeoeaice?iaaiey e i?eaaoecaoeee. Iainiiaaiu
iieiaeaiey iaania/aiey onoie/eaiai ooieoeeiie?iaaiey aeaiiiai
i?iecaiaenoaa a oneiaeyo aicieeiiaaiey /?acau/aeiuo neooaoeee
oaoiiaaiiiai e i?e?iaeiiai oa?aeoa?a e a ?aieao ainoaea?noaaiiie
no?aoaaee onoie/eaiai ?acaeoey. I?aaeeiaeaiu iniiaiua iooe
oniaa?oainoaiaaiey ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaie aacu ii aii?inai
oaoiiaaiii-yeieiae/aneie aaciianiinoe e /?acau/aeiuo neooaoeee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iioaioeeaeueii iianiia i?iiuoeaiiia i?iecaiaenoai,
iauaeo, eaeaioeoeeaoeey, /?acau/aeiay neooaoeey, oaeoi? ?aciauaiey,
oaoiiaaiiue ?ene, onoie/eainoue, ?acaeoea, ?aaoee?iaaiea, oi?aaeaiea.

Summary

Voloshin S. M. Territorial organisation of the potentially dangerous
production in Ukraine. — Manuscript.

Thesis for candidate’s degree for by speciality 08. 10. 01 — The
distribution of the productive forces and regional economics. — The
Council on the problems of the productive forces in Ukraine of NAS of
Ukraine, Kiev, 1999.

The thesis (dissertation) is dedicated to the problems of development
and distribution of the potentially dangerous industry during the
transitional phase. Its main substantial peculiarities are determined,
and the identification method is suggested. The research was carried out
on the economic status of the potentially dangerous production and
determination of its distribution’s distinctive features. An expertise
of the territorial dispersion of technological (industrial) burden was
carried out. The directions of improvements in redistribution of the
potentially dangerous industry in the framework of the sustained
development strategy were suggested and there was proven a basis for
national regulating economic/administrative mechanisms for its safe
further progress.

The key words: potentially dangerous industry, installation,
identification, emergency, distribution factor, technological
(industrial) risk, stability (durability), development, regulation, and
management.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 17.03.99. Oi?ia 60×90/16.Oiia.ae?oe.a?e. 1,0

Iae.-aeaeaa.a?e 1,1. Caiiae. ? 98.

Oe?aae 100 aec.

?aaea ii aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie

252032,i.Ee?a, aoeueaa? O. Oaa/aiea, 60

Ae?eueieoey iia?aoeaiiai ae?oeo ?AIN Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie

252032,i.Ee?a, aoeueaa? O. Oaa/aiea, 60

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