Aea?aeaaiee aa?ieini?/iee oi?aa?neoao

?i. I.?.AEoeianueeiai

«Oa?e?anueeee aa?aoe?eiee ?inoeooo»

EEI*EI ?aaai?e Aaneeueiae/

OAeE 533.591:537.534

OAIEIAEEI?ENOIAOTH*? IAOAEIA?Ae?EAeI? NENOAIE

AACICAAACIA*AIIss AEAEO?IO?CE*IEO AIA?AIONOAIIAIE

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 01.02.05 – Iaoai?ea ??aeeie, aaco oa ieacie

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? i?iaeai iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy ?i. A. I.
I?aeai?iiai Iaoe?iiaeueii? aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, caa?aeoth/ee
a?aeae?eii oa?iiaeeiai?ee ?inoeoooo i?iaeai iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy IAI Oe?a?ie
(i. Oa?e?a)

Nieiaae A?eoi? Aaneeueiae/.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? eaoaae?e aeui?
iaoaiaoeee Aea?aeaaiiai aa?ieini?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.
I.?.AEoeianueeiai «OA?» (i. Oa?e?a)

E?aoaieoey TH??e Ieaenaiae?iae/;

aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith
o?ceee iecueeeo oaiia?aoo? Oa?e?anueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo

Iaieainueeee Ieoaeei Ieaenaiae?iae/

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao
«OI?», eaoaae?a ia?iaaia?aoi?iaoaeoaaiiy, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 24 a?oaeiy 1999 ?. i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

Ae 64.062.02 a Aea?aeaaiiio aa?ieini?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i.
I.?.AEoeianueeiai «OA?» ca aae?anith: 61070, i. Oa?e?a, aoe. *eaeiaa,
17.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? Aea?aeaaiiai
aa?ieini?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

?i. I.?.AEoeianueeiai «OA?» ca aae?anith: 61070, i. Oa?e?a, aoe.
*eaeiaa, 17.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 23 eenoiiaaea 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee A.TH.Iacei

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iaeiei ?c ia?niaeoeaieo iai?yie?a ?icaeoeo
iaoaeia?ae?eaeieo oaoiieia?e ? canoinoaaiiy aaoa?ieo
a?ae?eaeiooai?thth/eo ?ioa?iaoae?/ieo niieoe o nenoaiao caaacia/aiiy
?cioiiaie aiaeith ?iaioe aeaeo?io?ce/ieo aia?aionoaiiaie. I?e oeueiio
aeeiiothoueny ooieoe?? eiiiaeoiiai caa??aaiiy, i/euaiiy oa ea?iaaiiai
iaioneo aaco a i?eno??e-niiaeeaa/. Iniaeeaino? aaeooiii-ieaciiaeo
oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a ii?iaeaeothoue ?yae niaoeeo?/ieo i?iaeai.
Ii-ia?oa, oea ieoaiiy aoaeoeaiiai a?aeea/oaaiiy ?cioii?a aiaeith i?ae
oeneii ieae/a aoiinoa?iiai ?c aaeooiii? eaia?e aeaeo?io?ce/ii?
onoaiiaee. ?ica’ycaiiy oeueiai caaaeaiiy oneeaaeith?oueny cia/iith
??cieoeath a ??aiyo oeneo ?iai/iai aaco a ??cieo ciiao aaeooiiiai
o?aeoo. Ii-ae?oaa, iiaoaeiaaia ca o?aaeeoe?eieie noaiaie nenoaia
aacicaaacia/aiiy aeaeo?io?ce/ii? onoaiiaee iio?aao? caa??aaiiy oa
iiaeaaaiiy ?iai/iai aaco c i?aeaeuaiei oeneii ? canoinoaaiiyi neeaaeiiai
onoaoeoaaiiy. Oea iiaea i?ecaanoe aei cieaeaiiy iaae?eiino? nenoai
aacicaaacia/aiiy. Caaaeath/e ia oa, ui o ?yae? aeiaaee?a ye ?iai/ee aac
aeei?enoiaothoueny aeaeoa??e, o?eo?e aai ?o noi?o, a oaeiae oa, ui
inoaii?e ? ?aae?iaeoeaiei ? ia? i?aeaeuaio aeoeai?noue o ?aaeoe?yo
?cioiiiiai iai?io, – oea iiaea oneeaaeieoe ?aae?aoe?eia ioi/aiiy.
Ii-o?ao?, oa?aeoa?i? aeey aaeooiii-ieaciiaeo i?ioean?a aenie? ??ai?
aia?a?e ? iiooaeiinoae i?ecaiaeyoue aei i?aeaeuaieo ?aae?aoe?eieo ?
oaieiaeo iaaaioaaeaiue ia aeaiaioe eiino?oeoe?? aeaeo?io?ce/ieo
onoaiiaie. O ca’yceo c oeei iniaeeai? aeooaeueiino? iaaoaa? caaea/a
i?aeaeuaiiy aia?aaoe/ii? ? aaciai? aoaeoeaiinoae aeaeo?io?ce/ieo
aia?aionoaiiaie.

Aoaeoeaiei oeyoii ?ica’ycaiiy oe??? i?iaeaie ? canoinoaaiiy
iie?ooieoe?iiaeueieo iaoaeia?ae?eaeieo aeaiaio?a o nenoaiao aaciaiai
aeeaeaiiy aeaeo?io?ce/ieo onoaiiaie. Ia?niaeoeaieie iaoa??aeaie aeey
ae??oaiiy aeacaieo i?iaeai aaeooiii-ieaciiaeo oaoiieia?e ? iie?iaoae?/i?
eiiiiceoe?? Zr-V ? Zr-V-Fe. Aiie oa?aeoa?ecothoueny a?aeiinii aenieith
ia’?iiith aonoeiith caa??aaiiy aiaeith oa caaeia?eueiith aeeiai?eith
i?ioean?a ni?aoe??-aeani?aoe?? o oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo
ia?aiao??a. Aeanoeaino? aeacaieo niieoe a?aee?eaathoue ia?niaeoeae aeey
noai?aiiy i?eioeeiiai iiaeo o?ceei-aia?aaoe/ieo nenoai, ye? iathoue
i?aeaeuai? aia?aaoe/io ? aaciao aoaeoeaiino?. A ieo iaoaeia?ae?eae
a?ae?a?a? ?ieue iniiaiiai ooieoe?iiaeueiiai aeaiaioa, yeee ?acii c
eiiieaeniei ?ica’ycaiiyi aeiiii?aeieo caaea/ a?aeea/oaaiiy, eiiiaeoiiai
caa??aaiiy, i/euaiiy oa ea?iaaiiai iaioneo ?cioii?a aiaeith caaacia/o?
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?o ?iaioe ca ?aooiie ai?n?? aeoeaiaaiiai
aiaeith a ?iai/o ciio aaeooiii? eaia?e aeaeo?io?ce/ii? onoaiiaee. O
iiai?e i??? aeacai? iiaeeeaino? aoaeooue ao?eai? a oaoi?/i? ?ic?iaee
o?eueee ca oiia aeeiiaiiy eiiieaeniiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ieaciiaeeiai?/ieo
? iieaeoey?ii-e?iaoe/ieo aeanoeainoae nenoai «iaoaeia?ae?eae – ?cioiie
aiaeith – aacia? aeii?oee», a oaeiae iioei?caoe?? oaoi?/ieo ??oaiue i?e
iiaoaeia? nenoai aacicaaacia/aiiy ia iniia? iie?ooieoe?iiaeueieo
oaieiaeei?enooth/eo iaoaeia?ae?eaeieo aeaiaio?a.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy – ?ic?iaea ieaciiaeeiai?/ieo ?
iieaeoey?ii-e?iaoe/ieo aniaeo?a i?iaeaie i?aeaeuaiiy aia?aaoe/ii? oa
aaciai? aoaeoeaiinoae, iie?ioaiiy aenieoaoaoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee
aia?aiia?aoai?thth/eo ? oaoiieia?/ieo aaeooiii-ieaciiaeo onoaiiaie
oeyoii oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoaeia?ae?eaeieo nenoai aaciaiai aeeaeaiiy. Ia
iniia? iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao aia?aaoe/iiai
noaio aiaeiaaeo /anoeiie ia i?ioeane oaieiiani- oa aeaeo?iia?aiino a
aacia?e oac? nenoai «iaoaeia?ae?eae – ?cioiie aiaeith» iathoue aooe
?ac?iaeai? iia? i?eioeeie iiaoaeiae oaieiaeei?enoiaoth/eo i?eeaae?a
o?ceei-aia?aaoe/iiai ? oaoiieia?/iiai i?ecia/aiue, a oaeiae aecia/ai?
?aoe?iiaeuei? ?aaeeie ?o aenieoaoaoe??.

O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? noi?ioeueiaai? oa ae??oai? oae? caaea/?:

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaiaioa?ieo i?ioean?a, ui a?aeaoaathoueny ia iiaa?oi?
iaoaeia?ae?eaeo ? a ia’?i? aca?iiae?th/a? c iei aiaeiaai? ieacie
aeaeo?e/iiai ?ic?yaeo, c iaoith noai?aiiy aaeooiii-ieaciiaeo i?eno?i?a,
a yeeo aenie? iieacieee aia?aaoe/ii? ? aaciai? aoaeoeaiinoae aeinyaioo?
oeyoii aeei?enoaiiy aoaeoo oa?iini?aoe?eii? aeoeaaoe?? aiaeith
iaoaeia?ae?eaeaie.

?ic?iaea iiaeo i?eioeei?a i?aai?caoe?? aca?iiiia’ycaieo i?ioean?a
oaieiiani- oa aeaeo?iia?aiin?a o aacia?e oac? nenoai «aaoa?iee
a?ae?eaeiooai?thth/ee iaoae?/iee iaoa??ae – ?cioiie aiaeith», ye?
iathoue aioo??oi?e cai?ioiee ca’ycie ca ia?aiao?aie «oaiia?aoo?a
iaoaeia?ae?eaeiiai aeaiaioa – oene aiaeith», c iaoith caaacia/aiiy
caaeaii? noaa?euei?no? ?iai/iai oeneo aiaeith o aaeooii?e eaia??
aeaeo?io?ce/iiai i?eeaaeo aac canoinoaaiiy ciai?oi?o i?eno?i?a ea?oaaiiy
nenoaiith aaciaiai aeeaeaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?
iaea?aeai? iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe, ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno:

aei??aith? a?aeiioaiith /anoio eieeaaiue iieaeoe H2 ? D2, ye?
ciaoiaeyoueny ia ia?oiio eieeaaeueiiio eaaioiaiio ??ai? iniiaiiai
aeaeo?iiiiai oa?io X1Og+. Aeyaeaii ciaioaiiy ia 0,389 aA iioaioe?aeo
?ii?caoe?? aeaeo?iiiei oaea?ii iieaeoe aeaeoa??th, ye?
oa?iiaeani?aothoueny c iiaa?oi? aeaeoa??aeo Zr55V40Fe5+3 ian.% B2O3.
Iiaoaeiaaii aeai?eoi aeyaeaiiy oiiei? no?oeoo?e aenia?eiaioaeueieo
e?eaeo aoaeoeaiino? ?ii?caoe?? oa?iiaeani?aiaaiiai c iiaa?oi?
iaoaeia?ae?eae?a aiaeith. I?iaaaeai? ca oeei aeai?eoiii ?ic?aooiee
aeyaeee oa?iiaeeiai?/ii ia??aiiaaaeia canaeaiiy eieeaaeueieo eaaioiaeo
??ai?a iieaeoe aiaeith, oa?iiaeani?aiaaieo c iiaa?oi? c?ace?a neeaaeo
(Zr56V36Fe8)Hx (x=47).

Aenia?eiaioaeueia iaoiaeeea, ui aeicaiey? iaea?aeoaaoe
aaoinoaa?e?ciaaiee ca oeneii ?aaeei aeaeo?e/iiai ?ic?yaeo a no?auaieo
E(H iieyo ?c iaoaeia?ae?eaeiei eaoiaeii. Anoaiiaeaii ooieoe?iiaeueiee
ca’ycie i?ae ?ic?yaeiei no?oiii ? oeneii aiaeith a aaoinoaa?e?ciaaiiio
?aaeei? aeaeo?e/iiai ?ic?yaeo. Aeyaeai? iniaeeaino? ?ic?yaeo c
iaoaeia?ae?eaeiei eaoiaeii aeicaieeee iiaoaeoaaoe noaio aaciaiai
aeeaeaiiy, a ye?e ?iai/ee ??aaiue oeneo aiaeith o aaeooii?e eaia??
aeaeo?io?ce/iiai i?eeaaeo ea?o?oueny eeoa iaeiei ciai?oi?i ia?aiao?ii –
?ic?yaeiei no?oiii, a noaa?euei?noue ?iai/iai oeneo caaacia/o?oueny aac
canoinoaaiiy niaoe?eueieo ciai?oi?o i?eno?i?a ea?oaaiiy.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aca?iica’yceo aiaeiaaini?aoe?eieo
oa?aeoa?enoee aaoa?ieo a?ae?eaeiooai?thth/eo iie?iaoae?/ieo eiiiiceoe?e
neeaaeo Zr-V-Fe oa ia?aiao?aie i?ioean?a oaieiiani- oa aeaeo?iia?aiin?a
a nenoaiao «iaoaeia?ae?eae – aiaeaiue – aacia? aeii?oee» ca oiia
aaoinoaa?e?ciaaiiai ca oeneii ?aaeeio aeaeo?e/iiai ?ic?yaeo c
iaoaeia?ae?eaeiei eaoiaeii. Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe ocaaaeueiai? o
aeaeyae? caeaaeiinoae iniiaieo oaieio?ce/ieo ia?aiao??a (oene aiaeith o
aaeooii?e eaia??, oaiia?aoo?e iaoaeia?ae?eaeiiai eaoiaea, oaiia?aoo?e
aeaeo?ii?a aiaeiaai? ieacie), a oaeiae oa?aeoa?enoee aeaeo?iia?aiino a
aacia?e oac? oeeo nenoai (aieueo-aiia?ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ?ic?yae?a,
i?inoi?iaiai ?iciiae?eo aonoeie aiaeiaai? ieacie) a?ae ciai?oi?o
ia?aiao??a ?ic?yaeo (eiio?ao?aoe?? aeaeo?iae?a, ?ic?yaeiiai no?oio,
aaiiao??? oa iai?oaeaiino? iaai?oiiai iiey).

?acoeueoaoe ian-niaeo?iiao?e/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aoaeoo ?ioaineo?eaoe??
ieaciiai-o?i?/ieo ?aaeoe?e a oiiaao aaoinoaa?e?ciaaiiai ca oeneii
?aaeeio aeaeo?e/iiai ?ic?yaeo c iaoaeia?ae?eaeiei eaoiaeii. Iaea?aeai?
aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? o aeaeyae? caeaaeiinoae ia?oe?aeueieo oene?a
eiiiiiaio aaci?ic?yaeii? ieacie a?ae ?ic?yaeiiai no?oio iieacothoue, ui
canoinoaaiiy iaoaeia?ae?eaeiiai eaoiaea i?eaiaeeoue aei nooo?aiai (o
2(3,5 ?aca) i?aeaeuaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? eiiiiiaio aaci?ic?yaeii? ieacie c
ianaie, ui ciaoiaeyoueny a ae?aiaciiao 12(17 oa 26(29 a.i.i. Anoaiiaeaii
iaeanoue ciai?oi?o ia?aiao??a, a yeeo niinoa??aa?oueny oeae aoaeo.

?ic?iaeai? i?eioeeie iiaoaeiae nenoai aacicaaacia/aiiy
aaeooiii-ieaciiaeo i?eno?i?a ?c canoinoaaiiyi iie?ooieoe?iiaeueieo
iaoaeia?ae?eaeieo aeaiaio?a ye aeaeo?iae?a ieaciiooai?thth/iai nooiaiy,
a yeeo i?aeaeuaiiy iieaciee?a aia?aaoe/ii? ? aaciai? aoaeoeaiinoae
aeinyaa?oueny caaaeyee aeei?enoaiith aoaeoo iaoaeia?ae?eaeii? aeoeaaoe??
?cioii?a aiaeith. Iiaoaeiaaii ca oeeie i?eioeeiaie noaie aaciaiai
aeeaeaiiy ia iniia? iaoaeia?ae?eae?a, ye? aeicaieythoue aeei?enoaoe aei
70% aia?a?? ?ii?a, ui aiiaa?aeothoue iiaa?oith iaoaeia?ae?eaeiiai
eaoiaea, ia aaia?aoe?th ieaciiooai?thth/iai aaco. Anoaiiaeaii, ui
canoinoaaiiy iaoaeia?ae?eaeiiai eaoiaea a eiino?oeoe?? ieaciiaiai
aeaea?aea iaaaoeaieo ?ii?a aiaeith i?eaiaeeoue aei i?aeaeuaiiy aaciai?
aoaeoeaiino? oeeo i?eeaae?a o 5(10 ?ac?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a noai?aii?
i?eioeeiiai iiaeo nenoai aacicaaacia/aiiy ieaciiooai?thth/eo nooiai?a,
ui cae?eniththoue iaione ?cioii?a aiaeith o caoaeaeaiiio noai?
aaciina?aaeiuei o ?iai/o ciio aaeooiii? ieaciiai? onoaiiaee. ?ic?iaeaii
? aei?iaoaaii noaie aaciaiai aeeaeaiiy ia iniia? iie?ooieoe?iiaeueieo
oaieiaeei?enoiaoth/eo iaoaeia?ae?eaeieo aeaiaio?a, ye? caaacia/othoue
iaiao?aeio noaa?euei?noue ?iai/iai oeneo o aaeooii?e eaia?? aac
aeei?enoaiiy ciai?oi?o nenoai ea?oaaiiy ?aaeeiii iaioneo ? aeicaieythoue
caaaeyee aoaeoo iaoaeia?ae?eaeii? aeoeaaoe?? ?cioii?a aiaeith cia/ii
i?aeaeueoe aia?aaoe/io ? aaciao aoaeoeaiino? i?ioean?a ieaciiooai?aiiy.
A noai?aieo nenoaiao aaciaiai aeeaeaiiy aia?oa aee?enoaii aia?a?th
?iiiiai aiiaa?aeoaaiiy aeey aeoeaiiai ea?oaaiiy oaieiaei ?aaeeiii ?iaioe
iaoaeia?ae?eaeiiai aeaiaioa, ui caaacia/eei aoaeoeaiee cai?ioiee ca’ycie
ca ia?aiao?aie «oaiia?aoo?a iaoaeia?ae?eaeiiai aeaiaioa – oene aiaeith».
?acoeueoaoe aei?iaoaaiue aenia?eiaioaeueieo c?ace?a ieaciiaeo aeaea?ae
iaaaoeaieo ?ii?a aiaeith c iaoaeia?ae?eaeieie eaoiaeaie na?ae/aoue i?i
i?aeaeuaiiy ?o aaciai? aoaeoeaiino? i?eaeecii ia iaeei ii?yaeie
aaee/eie, i?e no?oiia?e aoaeoeaiino? 40(50%. Iaea?aeaia aonoeia no?oio
io/ea iaaaoeaieo ?ii?a aiaeith a?aeiia?aea? i?aeoe/ii iiaiiio aeeo/aiith
?ii?a H– c i?eeaoiaeii? ciie ?ic?yaeo ? aei??aith? 5(10 iA/ni2.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue, iaaiai?thaaeenue
? iaea?aeaee iiceoeaio ioe?ieo: ia I I?aeia?iaeiiio nai?ia??
«Aeeoooceiiii-eiiia?aoeaiua yaeaiey a nenoaiao «iaoaee – ecioiiu
aiaei?iaea» (Oe?a?ia, Aeiiaoeuee, 15 — 19 aa?aniy 1992 ?.);
I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? «Aiciiaeiinoe yeieiae/anee /enoie yia?aaoeee
e yia?ainaa?aaeaiey» (A?ei?onue, I?inuee, 25 — 27 o?aaiy 1993 ?.); III
I?ae?aa?iiaeuei?e eiioa?aioe?? «Aiaei?iaeiia iaoa?eaeiaaaeaiea e oeiey
aeae?eaeia iaoaeeia» (Oe?a?ia, E?ei, Eaoeeaae?, 8 — 15 aeiaoiy 1993 ?.);
III Oa?e?anuee?e aaeooii?e eiioa?aioe?? ni?eueii c nai?ia?ii-ia?aaeith
«Nenoaiu ioea/ee onei?eoaeae e oa?iiyaea?iuo ?aaeoi?ia» (Oe?a?ia,
Oa?e?a, 12 — 14 aeiaoiy 1993 ?.); I?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi? ii
iaoaeia?ae?eaeieo nenoaiao (ssiii?y, 6 — 11 eenoiiaaea 1994 ?.);
I?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi? «Oieiaeiue yaea?iue neioac e iiaua enoi/ieee
yia?aee» (A?ei?onue, I?inuee, 24 -26 o?aaiy 1994 ?.); I?aeia?iaei?e
eiioa?aioe?? «Aiaei?iaeiia iaoa?eaeiaaaeaiea e oeiey aeae?eaeia iaoaeeia
ICMHS’95» (Oe?a?ia, E?ei, Eaoeeaae?, 2 — 8 aeiaoiy 1995 ?.); 11
I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? ii iiooaeieo io/eao /anoeiie «BEAMS’96»
(?anioae?ea *ao?y, I?aaa, 10 — 14 /a?aiy 1996 ?.); 11 I?aeia?iaei?e
eiioa?aioe?? «Hydrogen Energy Progress XI» (I?ia//eia, Oooooaa?o, 23 —
28 /a?aiy 1996 ?.); 24 I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? «24-th IEEE
International Conference on Plasma Science» (NOA, Nai-Ae??ai, 19 — 22
o?aaiy 1997 ?.); V I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? «Aiaei?iaeiia
iaoa?eaeiaaaeaiea e oeiey aeae?eaeia iaoaeeia ICHMS’97» (Oe?a?ia, E?ei,
Eaoeeaae?, 2 — 8 aeiaoiy 1997 ?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 26 iaoeiaeo ?ia?o,
na?aae ieo 10 noaoae a iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, 2 aeiiia?ae? a ca??ieeao
aeiiia?aeae iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e, 14 oac.

Iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa a iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe iieyaa? a oiio, ui
aaoi? ?ic?iaea iaoiae oa aeai?eoi ae?aaiinooaaiiy aia?aaoe/iiai noaio
iieaeoe ?cioii?a aiaeith, aeani?aiaaieo c iiaa?oi? iaoaeia?ae?eaeo,
aeeiiaa aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioean?a oaieiiani- oa
aeaeo?iia?aiino a aacia?e oac? nenoai «?cioiie aiaeith –
iaoaeia?ae?eae», aeeiiaa aiae?c iaea?aeaieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo ?
aeyaea iia? aoaeoe, ui a?aeaoaathoueny i?e aca?iiae?? aiaeiaai? ieacie c
a?ae?eaeiooai?thth/eie iaoa??aeaie, noai?ea ? aei?iaoaaa i?eioeeiiai
iia? nenoaie aaciaiai aeeaeaiiy aeaeo?io?ce/ieo aia?aionoaiiaie ia
iniia? iie?ooieoe?iiaeueieo oaieiaeei?enoiaoth/eo iaoaeia?ae?eaeieo
aeaiaio?a.

A ie?aieo ?icae?eao aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoai? ?acoeueoaoe iaoeiaeo ?ia?o,
ye? iaea?aeai? ? iioae?eiaai? aeena?oaioii ?c ni?aaaoi?aie. O/anoue
caeiaoaa/a a oeeo ?iaioao aecia/a?oueny oaeei /eiii:

o ?iaioao /1,2/ aeena?oaioii i?iaaaeaii aiae?c noai aaciaiai aeeaeaiiy
aeaeo?io?ce/ieo aia?aionoaiiaie ?cioiiaie aiaeith, a yeeo
iaoaeia?ae?eaeiee aeaiaio iaeii/anii aeeiio? ooieoe?? aeaea?aea
ieaciiooai?thth/iai aaco oa eaoiaea;

o ?iaio? /3/ aeena?oaioii cae?eniaii ian-niaeo?iiao?e/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy
eieeaaeueii-caoaeaeaiiai noaio iieaeoe ?cioii?a aiaeith, aeani?aiaaieo c
iiaa?oi? iaoaeia?ae?eae?a, ?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoi ? i?iaaaeaii ?ic?aooiee
oiiei? no?oeoo?e aenia?eiaioaeueieo e?eaeo aoaeoeaiino? ?ii?caoe??;

o ?iaio? /4/ aeena?oaioii i?iaaaeai? ian-niaeo?iiao?e/i? aei??thaaiiy oa
aeyaeaii ?cioii?/iee aoaeo o iaoaeia?ae?eaei?e aeoeaaoe?? aiaeith;

o ?iaioao /5,6,7/ caeiaoaa/ai aeyaeaii aaoinoaa?e?ciaaiee ca oeneii
?aaeei aeaeo?e/iiai ?ic?yaeo c iaoaeia?ae?eaeiei eaoiaeii ? cae?eniaii
eiai aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy;

o ?iaio? /8/ aeena?oaioii cai?iiiiiaaii iiaee niin?a cieaeaiiy
oaieiiai?oaeaiino? aeaiaio?a eiino?oeoe?? aaeooiii-ieaciiaeo onoaiiaie c
aeei?enoaiiyi iaoaeia?ae?eae?a ? i?iaaaeaii aei?iaoaaiiy
aenia?eiaioaeueieo c?ace?a oaeeo aeaiaio?a;

o ?iaioao /9,10/ aeena?oaioii aeeiiaii aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy
iiaeo ieaciiaeo aeaea?ae iaaaoeaieo ?ii?a aiaeith c iaoaeia?ae?eaeieie
eaoiaeaie.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
/ioe?ueio ?acae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo o ?iaio?
e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 139 noi??ieao,
i?noeoue 39 ?enoie?a ? 8 oaaeeoeue. Nienie aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo
aeaea?ae ia? 139 iaeiaioaaiue.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oiiaaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe??, noi?ioeueiaaia
iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? iiaeaii aiae?c e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo i?i oeiia? noaie,
eiino?oeoe?? ? aenieoaoaoe?ei? ia?aiao?e nenoai aaciaiai aeeaeaiiy
aeaeo?io?ce/ieo i?eeaae?a, a yeeo canoiniaai? iaoaeia?ae?eaei? aeaiaioe.
Iieacaii, ui iaea?eueo ia?niaeoeaieie ? noaie aioo??oiueiai iaioneo
?cioii?a aiaeith ia iniia? iie?ooieoe?iiaeueieo oaieiaeei?enoiaoth/eo
iaoaeia?ae?eaeieo aeaiaio?a, ye? ciaoiaeyoueny o neeaae? eiino?oeoe??
aeaeo?io?ce/iiai i?eeaaeo-niiaeeaa/a. ?icae?e caaa?oo?oueny iinoaiiaeith
caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e i?noeoue iien canoiniaaieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo iaoiaeee
oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo onoaiiaie.

Aei??thaaiiy iioaioe?ae?a ?ii?caoe?? aeani?aiaaieo ?c ??cieo
iaoaeia?ae?eae?a ?cioii?a aiaeith aoee aeeiiai? ?c canoinoaaiiyi
iiaeeo?eiaaiiai iaai?oinoaoe/iiai ian-niaeo?iiao?a I?-1201. Iaea?aeai?
aenia?eiaioaeuei? e?ea? ?ii?caoe?? ia?iaeyeenue ca iaoiaeeeith Oi??aia.
sse aoaeii aoee aeei?enoai? iieaeoey?i? aiaeaiue ? aeaeoa??e aeniei?
/enoioe, ui iiaeaaaeenue ?c aaeii?a.

Aei??thaaiiy oaiia?aoo?e iaoaeia?ae?eaeieo aeaiaio?a aeeiioaaeenue ca
aeiiiiiaith oa?iiia?ieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a. O oeueiio ae ?icae?e? iienaii
iaoiaeeee iaea?aeaiiy ? aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
aaoinoaa?e?ciaaiiai ca oeneii ?aaeeio aeaeo?e/ieo ?ic?yae?a c
iaoaeia?ae?eaeieie eaoiaeaie. Oa?aeoa?enoeee aeaeo?e/ieo ?ic?yae?a o
na?aaeiaeu? aeani?aiaaiiai c iaoaeia?ae?eaeo aiaeith aeine?aeaeai?
oeyoii aei??thaaiiy e?eaeo Iaoaia oa aieueo-aiia?ieo oa?aeoa?enoee.
Ia?aiao?e iaea?aeaii? ieacie aeine?aeaeoaaeenue iaoiaeii aeaeo?e/ieo
ciiae?a.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? iiaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueiiai oa
?ic?aooieiai-oai?aoe/iiai aeine?aeaeaiue oa?iiaeani?aoe?? ?cioii?a
aiaeith o ia??aiiaaaeiiio aia?aaoe/iiio noai? c iiaa?oi? aaoa?iiai
a?ae?eaeiooai?thth/iai iaoa??aeo Zr55V40Fe5, iiaeeo?eiaaiiai 3 ian.%
B2O3 (oaciaee neeaae: ?–Zr, ?2–Zr(V,Fe)2, Zr3(V,Fe)3(B,O)).

O i?ae?icae?e? 3.1 iaaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe ian-niaeo?iiao?e/iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ii?caoe?? aeaeo?iiiei oaea?ii aeaeoa??th, yeee
aeani?aiaaii c iiaa?oi? aeaeoa??aeo iaoaeo (i?ioean D2 + e- _ D2+ +
2e-). E?ea? aoaeoeaiino? ?ii?caoe?? (EA?) aeaeoa??th aoee ciyo? a
ae?aiacii? aia?a?e ?ii?coth/eo aeaeo?ii?a 15,9…22 aA. sse aoaeiiiee
aac aoa canoiniaaiee iieaeoey?iee aeaeoa??e, ui iaioneaany c aaeiia.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeani?aiaaiee c iiaa?oi? iaoaeia?ae?eaeiiai c?acea
aeaeoa??e ia? iioaioe?ae ?ii?caoe??, ia 0,389 aA ieae/ee, a ii??aiyii? c
oa?iiaeeiai?/ii ??aiiaaaeiei aeaeoa???i. O oaae. 1 iaaaaeaii cia/aiiy
aenia?eiaioaeueii iaea?aeaieo iioaioe?ae?a ?ii?caoe?? D2 ? H2, ui
aeani?aiaai? c iaoaeia?ae?eaeiiai c?acea. A oe?e aea oaaeeoe? ?ici?uai?
aeia?aeeia? aeai? i?i aae?aaaoe/i? iioaioe?aee ?ii?caoe?? ? aia?a??
caoaeaeaiiy ia?oiai eieeaaeueiiai ??aiy aeey iieaeoe D2 ? H2 a iniiaiiio
aeaeo?iiiiio noai? (X1Og+).

Oaaeeoey 1

Iioaioe?aee ?ii?caoe?? ?cioii?a aiaeith

?cioii

aiaeith Aae?aaaoe/iee

iioaioe?ae

?ii?caoe??, aA Aei??yiee

iioaioe?ae

?ii?caoe??

aeani?aiaaiiai aaco, aA Ciaioaiiy

iioaioe?aeo

?ii?caoe??

aeani?aiaaiiai aaco, aA Aia?a?y

caoaeaeaiiy

ia?oiai eieeaaeueiiai ??aiy, aA

H2 15,426 14,91 0,52 0,546

D2 15,467 15,08 0,389 0,386

O i?ae?icae?e? 3.2 c aeei?enoaiiyi ?acoeueoao?a ian-niaeo?iiao?e/ieo
aei??thaaiue iieno?oueny aeyaeaiee ?cioii?/iee aoaeo a cieaeaii?
iioaioe?ae?a ?ii?caoe?? iieaeoe aiaeith, aeani?aiaaiiai c iiaa?oi?
aeae?eae?a iaoa??aeo Zr55V40Fe5+3 ian.% B2O3. Aaee/eia anoaiiaeaiiai
aoaeoo a iaaeao i?eionoeieo iioeaie aei??thaaiue aei??aith? a?aeiioaiith
/anoio eieeaaiue iieaeoe D2 ? H2, ui ciaoiaeyoueny ia ia?oiio
eieeaaeueiiio eaaioiaiio ??ai? iniiaiiai oa?io X1Og+. Iaea?aeaiee
?acoeueoao ? aaciina?aaei?i i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi a?iioace i?i eieeaaeueia
caoaeaeaiiy iieaeoe aiaeith a i?ioean? ?o oa?iiaeani?aoe?? c iiaa?oi?
iaoaeia?ae?eae?a.

O i?ae?icae?e? 3.3 iaaaaeaii aeai?eoi ? ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooieiaiai
aeyaeaiiy oiiei? no?oeoo?e aenia?eiaioaeueieo e?eaeo aoaeoeaiino?
?ii?caoe?? (EA?) aiaeith. Iaoith ?ic?aooie?a aoea ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y
eieeaaeueii-caoaeaeaieo noai?a iieaeoe H2 o i?ioean? ?o oa?iiaeani?aoe??
c iiaa?oi? iaoaeia?ae?eaeo. Iaoiae aaco?oueny ia iniaeeainoyo
caeaaeiino? eiia??iino? ?ii?caoe?? P(E) iieaeoe aiaeith a?ae aia?a??
?ii?coth/eo aeaeo?ii?a E iiaeeco ii?iaa ?ii?caoe??. A?aeiia?aeii aei
e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo oey caeaaei?noue o ae?aiacii? E a?ae 14,7 aei 16,5
aA iiiioiiii c?inoa? ? neeaaea?oueny c a?ae??ce?a i?yieo. Iniaeeaino?
(ia?aeiie oa ?ic?eae) oe??? e?eai? aeicaieythoue aaciina?aaeiuei aeyaeoe
aa?oeeaeuei? iioaioe?aee ?ii?caoe?? iieaeoe H2. Iaa?? aa?oeeaeueieo
iioaioe?ae?a ?ii?caoe?? a?aeiia?aea? eieeaaeueii-caoaeaeaiei noaiai
iieaeoe aiaeith, ye? aoee aeani?aiaai? c iiaa?oi? iaoaeia?ae?eaeo.
Aeai?eoi ?ic?aooie?a iieyaa? a ianooiiiio. sse ia?oa iaaeeaeaiiy
aa?aoueny iaa?? iioaioe?ae?a ?ii?caoe???, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue iaea?eueo
?iia??iei ia?aoiaeai c iniiaiiai ? ia?oeo 1(2 eieeaaeueii-caoaeaeaieo
??ai?a iieaeoee H2 ia 4(5 ieaei?o eaaioiaeo eieeaaeueieo ??ai?a
iieaeoey?iiai ?iia H2+, yeee ooai?th?oueny aeaeo?iiiei oaea?ii iieaeoee
aiaeith. Iaea?aeaia c iaai?o aa?oeeaeueieo iioaioe?ae?a ?ii?caoe??
aea??ea aanoeen iniaeeaeo oi/ie caeaaeiino? P(E) ? ii/aoeiaeie aeaieie
aeey iiaeaeueoi? iaoaiaoe/ii? ia?iaee EA?. ?ioa?aae cia/aiue aia?a?e
?ii?coth/eo aeaeo?ii?a aoa ?icaeoee ia ??aiii??io ?ic?aooieiao n?oeo c
e?ieii (U. Ei?eaoaaiiy e?eueeino? ? ?icoaooaaiiy iniaeeaeo oi/ie P(E)
aeeiio?oueny ca?aeii c aeiiaith i?i?iaeueiino? noie:

, (1)

aea ianeaii Ik (k=1,2,3,…N) ? oi/ee aenia?eiaioaeueii? EA? o aoceao
?ic?aooieiai? n?oee.

Iaea?aeaiee a iane?aeie i?i?i?caoe?? noie (1) ianea Jk (k=1,2,3,…,N)
aeicaiey? aecia/eoe ianea cia/aiue ?iia??iino? ?ii?caoe?? Pk o aoceao
?ic?aooieiai? n?oee:

, (2)

aea a= -2exp(-AeU/kBTe), b= exp(-2·AeU/kBTe), Te – oaiia?aoo?a
aeaeo?ii?a, kB – noaea Aieueoeiaia.

Iiooe i?i?ioio noie (1) cae?enithaaany ca iaoiaeii iieii?aeeiaoiiai
nioneo i?e aeiaeaoeiaeo oiiaao e?i?eiino? eiaeiiai a?ae??cea caeaaeiino?
P(E), ui ciaoiaeyoueny i?ae aeaiia noi?aeieie iniaeeaeie oi/eaie. Oe?
aeiaeaoeia? oiiae iathoue aeaeyae:

, (3)

aea l=1, 2, 3, …, Lc-4 – iiia?e aoce?a ?ic?aooieiai? n?oee, ui
ciaoiaeyoueny a iaaeao iaei??? e?i?eii? ae?eyiee caeaaeiino? P(E).

Ei?eaoaaiiy eii?aeeiao ? oa?aeoa?o iniaeeaeo oi/ie P(E) aeeiioaaeenue c
o?aooaaiiyi noaoenoe/ii? aaae aeyaeaieo ia?aeii?a ? ?ic?ea?a. ?c
canoinoaaiiyi ?ic?iaeaiiai iaoiaeo aoei aeyaeaii oiieo no?oeoo?o
aenia?eiaioaeueii? EA? aiaeith (o ae?aiacii? aia?a?e ?ii?coth/eo
aeaeo?ii?a 14,7(16,5 aA). ?acoeueoaoe ia?iaee EA? aiaeith, ui aoa
aeani?aiaaiee ?c c?acea (Zr56V36Fe8)Hx (x=47), iiaeaii a oaae. 2.

Oaaeeoey 2.

Iioaioe?aee ?ii?caoe?? aiaeith (aA), ui aeani?aiaaiee ?c c?acea
(Zr56V35Fe8)Hx.

Oai?aoe/iee iaa?? iioaioe?ae?a ?ii?caoe?? ?acoeueoao ia?iaee

aenia?eiaioaeueii? EA?

14,910 14,90

15,182 15,17

15,436 15,43

15,765 15,66

15,952 15,94

16,191 16,18

16,413 16,40

A oe?e aea oaaeeoe? i?aaenoaaeaii iaa?? aa?oeeaeueieo iioaioe?ae?a
?ii?caoe?? aiaeith, ui aoee ?ic?aoiaai? c i?eiouaiiy ??aiii??iiai
?iciiae?eo aeani?aiaaieo iieaeoe H2 i?ae iniiaiei ? ia?oei
eieeaaeueii-caoaeaeaiei ??aiyie iniiaiiai aeaeo?iiiiai oa?io X1Og+.
Iaea?aeai? ?ic?aooieia? ?acoeueoaoe i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue aeniiaee, ui
aeieeaathoue c aiae?co ian-niaeo?iia?e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aoaeoo
aeoeaaoe?? ?cioii?a aiaeith iaoaeia?ae?eaeaie, uiaei eieeaaeueiiai
caoaeaeaiiy iieaeoe aiaeith a i?ioean? ?o aeani?aoe?? c iiaa?oi?
a?ae?eaeiooai?thth/eo iaoae?a.

Oa?aeoa?iith iniaeea?noth iienaiiai iaoiaeo iaoaiaoe/ii? ia?iaee EA? ?
oa, ui a?i aeicaiey? aecia/eoe ?icoaooaaiiy oa oa?aeoa? iniaeeaeo oi/ie
caeaaeiino? P(E) aac aaciina?aaeiueiai canoinoaaiiy iia?aoi?a (2) aei
oi/ie aenia?eiaioaeueii? EA?. Oea i?aeaeuo? no?ee?noue iaoiaeo aei
??ciiai ?iaeo ooi?a ? iioeaie aei??thaaiue.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? iienothoueny ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy aaoinoaa?e?ciaaiiai ca oeneii ?aaeeio aeaeo?e/iiai
?ic?yaeo a no?auaieo E*H iieyo c iaoaeia?ae?eaeiei eaoiaeii.

O i?ae?icae?e? 4.1 iienai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaiao?iiiiai
?ic?yaeo c iaoaeia?ae?eaeiei eaoiaeii. Iaoaeia?ae?eaeiee aeaiaio o
aeaeyae? noi?o? ii?ioe?a iane/aiiai aiaeiai a?ae?eaeiooai?thth/iai
nieaao oeio Zr-V-Fe oa i?ae? (40 ian.% a?ae caaaeueii? iane aeaiaioa)
aoa iaianaiee ia ?iai/o iiaa?oith eaoiaea. Oene aiaeith ci?ithaaany a?ae
55 aei 133 Ia. ?ic?yaeiee no?oi aa??thaaany a iaaeao 50(300 iA. Niaae
iai?oae caeaaeii a?ae oiia aenia?eiaioo ciaoiaeeany a iaaeao a?ae 240
aei 600 A. Ia?aeaeueii o?enoaaany ianiaee niaeo? aaco a eaia??. A
aeayeeo aenia?eiaioao iaoiaeii aeaeo?e/iiai ciiaea aeine?aeaeoaaeenue
i?inoi?iaee ?iciiae?e aonoeie ieacie ? oaiia?aoo?e ieaciiaeo aeaeo?ii?a
a ia’?i? aaeooiii? eaia?e. Aeine?aeaeoaaeenue ?ic?yaee, ui ?nioaaee a
caieiooiio ia’?i?, oiaoi aac ciai?oi?o iaioneo oa a?aeea/oaaiiy aiaeith.

Ia ?en. 1 iieacai? aenia?eiaioaeueii iaea?aeai? caeaaeiino? oeneo
aiaeith o aaeooii?e eaia?? a?ae ?ic?yaeiiai no?oio. Aeyaeaii, ui a
oiiaao aenia?eiaioo niinoa??aa?oueny ?aaeei ?ic?yaeo c iaoaeia?ae?eaeiei
eaoiaeii (e?ea? 1 ? 2 ia ?en. 1), oa?aeoa?enoeee yeiai caeaaeaoue eeoa
a?ae iaeiiai ciai?oiueiai ia?aiao?a – ?ic?yaeiiai no?oio. Iiaeaeueoeie
aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii, ui oa?aeoa?i?
iniaeeaino? oeueiai ?aaeeio iaoiiaeai? aeeiai?/iith ??aiiaaaith i?ae
eiieo?oth/eie i?ioeanaie ooai?aiiy oa ?iceeaaeo a?ae?eaeieo oac
iaoa??aeo eaoiaeo, yea aeinyaa?oueny i?e eiaei?e caaeai?e aaee/ei?
?ic?yaeiiai no?oio. Oaeee ?aaeei aeaeo?e/iiai ?ic?yaeo c
iaoaeia?ae?eaeiei eaoiaeii aoa iacaaiee aaoinoaa?e?ciaaiei ca oeneii. C
iaoith aeyaeaiiy aieeao oaciaiai neeaaeo iaoa??aeo eaoiaea ia
oa?aeoa?enoeee aaoinoaa?e?ciaaiiai ca oeneii ?aaeeio aeaeo?e/iiai
?ic?yaeo aoee aeine?aeaeai? c?acee a?ae?eaeiooai?thth/eo iaoa??ae?a,
oaciaee ? o?i?/iee neeaae yeeo iaaaaeaii a oaae. 3. Iieacaii, ui
canoinoaaiiy a?ae?eaeiooai?thth/iai aaoa?iiai iaoa??aeo ?c cieaeaiith
oa?i?/iith no?ee?noth a?ae?eaeieo oac i?eaiaeeoue aei ?icoe?aiiy iaeano?
?nioaaiiy aaoinoaa?e?ciaaiiai ca oeneii ?aaeeio ?ic?yaeo. Aei??thaaiiy
ia?aiao??a iaea?aeaii? aiaeiaai? ieacie (iaoiaeii aeaeo?e/ieo ciiae?a)
iieacaee, ui ye aeey ?ic?yaeo c iaoaeia?ae?eaeiei eaoiaeii, oae ? aeey
eiio?ieueiiai ?ic?yaeo oaiia?aoo?a aeaeo?ii?a ieacie eaaeeoue a iaaeao

1,6…2 aA. sse eiio?ieueiee aoei canoiniaaii ?ic?yae ?c eaoiaeii ?c
ia?aeaa?th/i? noae? o??? ae aaiiao???, aea aac iaoaeia?ae?eaeiiai oa?o
ia iiaa?oi? eaoiaeo. Eiio?ieueiee ?ic?yae ?nioaaa o na?aaeiaeu?
cacaeaeaa?aeue iaiouaiiai c aaeiio aiaeith.

Oaaeeoey 3

C?acee aeine?aeaeaieo a?ae?eaeiooai?thth/eo iaoa??ae?a

?

i. i. A?ae?eaeiooai?thth/ee nieaa Ii/aoeiaa

e?euee?noue

aiaeith,

ini3/a

Eiiiiiaioiee

neeaae Oaciai-

no?oeoo?iee

neeaae

1 Zr55V40Fe5+

+3% B2O3 a – Zr

e2 – Zr(V,Fe)

c – Zr3V3(B,O) 229

2 Zr33V57Fe10 e1 – Zr(V,Fe)2 173

sse aeaeii c ?en. 2, o aeiaaeeo aaoinoaa?e?ciaaiiai ca oeneii ?aaeeio
?ic?yaeo c iaoaeia?ae?eaeiei eaoiaeii (e?eaa 1) c?inoaiiy ?ic?yaeiiai
no?oio aeeeeea? i?aeaeuaiiy aonoeie aiaeiaai? ieacie o aaeooii?e eaia??.
Iia’ycaia c oeei c?inoaiiy /anoioe c?oeiaiue aeaeo?ii?a c aoiiaie ?
iieaeoeaie aiaeith i?eaiaeeoue, c iaeiiai aieo, aei i?aeaeuaiiy aonoeie
ca?yaeaeaieo /anoeiie o ieaci?, a c ?ioiai, – aei c?inoaiiy niaaeo
iai?oae, yea iaiao?aeia aeey i?aeo?eiee naiino?eiiai ?ic?yaeo. Oeae
aeniiaie i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ii??aiyiiyi aieueo-aiia?ieo oa?aeoa?enoee
?ic?yae?a ?c iaoaeia?ae?eaeiei eaoiaeii ? eaoiaeii ?c ia?aeaa?th/i?
noae?. Ine?eueee iaoaeia?ae?eaeiee oa? ia? iecueeo oaieii?ia?aei?noue,
oi ?iciiae?e oaiia?aoo?e ia iiaa?oi? eaoiaea a?aeiia?aea? ?iciiae?eo
aonoeie no?oio ?ii?a, ui aiiaa?aeothoue eaoiae. Ia ae?eyieao eaoiaea,
ye? iathoue aeuo oaiia?aoo?o, a?aeaoaa?oueny ?iciaae a?ae?eaeieo oac ?c
a?eueo aenieith oaeaee?noth. Aeani?aiaaiee c oeeo ae?eyiie aiaeaiue
iaaeoiaeeoue aaciina?aaeiuei a ciio eiiiaeoiiai ieaciiaiiai oio?a.
Ia??aiii??ia acaeiaae ?aae?ona eaoiaea ?ioaineai?noue iaaeoiaeaeaiiy
aiaeith a eaia?o i?eaiaeeoue aei iaiaeii??aeiiai ?iciiae?eo aonoeie
ieacie iiaeeco iiaa?oi? eaoiaeo. C oeei iia’ycaii iiiioiiia c?inoaiiy
aonoeie ieacie ocaeiaae ?aaeeona ?ic?yaeo iiaeeco iaoaeia?ae?eaeiiai
eaoiaea. I?e a?aeaeaeaii? a?ae iiaa?oi? eaoiaea i?inoi?iaee ?iciiae?e
aonoeie ieacie noa? a?eueo iaeii??aeiei. Oaeei /eiii, ca oiia
aaoinoaa?e?ciaaiiai ca oeneii ?ic?yaeo ia? i?noea cai?ioiee ca’ycie i?ae
oaiia?aoo?iei ?aaeeiii iaoaeia?ae?eaeiiai eaoiaea oa ia?aiao?aie ieacie.
Oeae ca’ycie cae?enith?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith iioieo ?ii?a ieacie, ui
aiiaa?aeothoue eaoiae.

O iiaeaeueoeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo aaoinoaa?e?ciaaiiai ca oeneii ?aaeeio aoei
canoiniaaii ?ic?yae Iaii?iaa c iaoaeia?ae?eaeiei eaoiaeii. Eaoiae aoa
ni?aniaaiee ?c noi?o? ii?ioe?a iane/aiiai aiaeiai aaoa?iiai
a?ae?eaeiooai?thth/iai nieaao Zr55V40Fe5+3% ian. B2O3 oa i?ae? a
e?eueeino? 40% a?ae iane eaoiaea. Ae?aiao? eaoiaea aei??aithaaa 20 ii, a
oiaueia – 4 ii. Iane/ai?noue aiaeiai iaoaeia?ae?eaeo aei??aithaaea 229
ini3/a. Caaaeueia e?euee?noue iaeiie/aiiai aiaeith aei??aithaaea

2,5 iaei3. Oaiia?aoo?o iaoaeia?ae?eaeiiai aeaiaioa aei??thaaee
oa?iiia?ith. Ae?oaee eaoiae oeo aea ?ici???a aoei c?iaeaii c
ia?aeaa?th/i? noae?. Niaae iai?oae ia ?ic?yae? a oiiaao aenia?eiaioo
aei??aithaaa 0,5…0,7 eA, ?ic?yaeiee no?oi ci?ithaaany a?ae 10 aei 80
iA, oene aiaeith o aaeooii?e eaia?? ciaoiaeeany a iaaeao 1,33(13,3 Ia.

Ia ?en. 3 iieacaii caeaaeiino? oeneo aiaeith a eaia?? a?ae ?ic?yaeiiai
no?oio, ye? aei??thaaeenue i?e ??cieo aaee/eiao iai?oaeaiino? iaai?oiiai
iiey. Iaiiiioiiiee oa?aeoa? oe??? caeaaeiino? iaoiiaeaiee ci?iith
iaoai?ci?a aca?iiae?? aaciai? oace c iiaa?oiath iaoaeia?ae?eaeo i?e
ca?eueoaii? ?ic?yaeiiai no?oio. Aiiaa?aeoaaiiy iiaa?oi? eaoiaea ?iiaie c
aia?a??th 500…700 aA i?e iecueeiio ?iai/iio oeneia? i?ecaiaeeoue aei
?icieeaiiy iaoa??aeo eaoiaea c ia?aeaa?th/i? noae?. ?icieeaiee iaoa??ae
ooai?th? iaoaeaao ie?aeo ia no?ieao aaeooiii? eaia?e, yea ?ioaineaii
iiaeeia? aac. Ca?eueoaiiy ?ic?yaeiiai no?oio a oeueiio ?aaeei? ?ic?yaeo
aeeeeea? c?inoaiiy oaeaeeino? eaoiaeiiai ?icieeaiiy. Oeei iiynith?oueny
cieaeaiiy oeneo aiaeith i?e Ip<30 iA (?en. 3). I?e iiaeaeueoiio ca?eueoaii? ?ic?yaeiiai no?oio c?inoa? oaiia?aoo?a iaoaeia?ae?eaeiiai eaoiaea ? ii/eia?oueny ?iciaae a?ae?eaeieo oac iaoa??aeo eaoiaea. Ii/eiath/e c Ip=30 iA i?ioean aeani?aoe?? aiaeith aaoa?iei a?ae?eaeiooai?thth/ei iaoa??aeii eaoiaea a?ae?a?a? ana cia/i?oo ?ieue ? aecia/a? c?inoaiiy oeneo a eaia?? i?e Ip(30 iA. ?acii c oeei c?inoa? cai?ioiee aeeoociee iio?e ?icieeaieo aoii?a ia iiaa?oith eaoiae?a ?, oaeei /eiii, ciaioo?oueny oaeaee?noue eaoiaeiiai ?icieeaiiy. Ia c?inoath/?e ae?eyioe? caeaaeiino? oeneo aiaeith a?aeiia?aeii aei aaee/eie caaeaiiai ?ic?yaeiiai no?oio anoaiiaeth?oueny aeeiai?/ia ??aiiaaaa i?ae eiieo?oth/eie i?ioeanaie ooai?aiiy oa ?iciaaeo a?ae?eaeieo oac, yea iaoiiaeth? oa?aeoa? oe??? caeaaeiino? i?e Ip(30 iA. Oaiia?aoo?iee ?aaeei iaoaeia?ae?eaeiiai aeaiaioa aecia/a?oueny aaeainii i?ae oaeaeeinoyie iiaeeiaiiy aia?a?? aiiaa?aeoth/eo eaoiae ?ii?a, a?aeaaaeaiiy oaiea oeyoii oaieii?ia?aeiino? oa oaieiaiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy, a oaeiae aoaeoii oa?ii?iciaaeo iaoaeia?ae?eaeo: , (8) aea Uc – i?eeaoiaeiee niaae iioaioe?aeo; Ii – ?iiiee no?oi ia eaoiae; S – ieiua iiaa?oi? iaoaeia?ae?eaeiiai eaoiaea; kg – eiao?oe??io oaieii?ia?aeiino? aiaeith; Tc – oaiia?aoo?a eaoiaea; T0 - oaiia?aoo?a no?iie ?ic?yaeii? eaia?e; ec – oaieii?ia?aei?noue eaoiaeiiai aea?aeaea; ku – eiao?oe??io aei?ii?ithaaeueii? caeaoiino? iiaa?oi? eaoiaea; o – noaea Noaoaia-Aieueoeiaia; Q –noia?iee oaieiaee aoaeo i?ioean?a ooai?aiiy oa ?iceeaaeo iaoaeia?ae?eaeo. Caeaaeiino? oaiia?aoo?e iaoaeia?ae?eaeiiai eaoiaea Tc a?ae ?ic?yaeiiai no?oio I? iathoue ae?eyieo e?i?eiiai c?inoaiiy oaiia?aoo?e i?e Ip<30 iA ? ae?eyieo iane/aiiy (Ip>30 iA). Oaiia?aoo?a ia ae?eyioe? iane/aiiy
aneiioioe/ii iaaeeaea?oueny aei 600 E.

Aiae?c iaea?aeaieo caeaaeiinoae i?eaiaeeoue aei aeniiaeo, ui
oiia?eueiaiiy oaiio c?inoaiiy oaiia?aoo?e iaoaeia?ae?eaeiiai eaoiaea i?e
Ip>30 iA iaoiiaeaii aieiaiei /eiii noia?iei oaieiaei aoaeoii ooai?aiiy ?
?iciaaeo a?ae?eaeieo oac. Oeae aeniiaie i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue ?acoeueoaoe
?ic?aooie?a oaieiaiai aaeaino iaoaeia?ae?eaeiiai eaoiaea c aeei?enoaiiyi
iaea?aeaieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo. Anoaiiaeaii, ui a oiiaao
aenia?eiaioo cia/ia /anoeia e?iaoe/ii? aia?a?? ?ii?a (aei 70%), ui
aiiaa?aeothoue iaoaeia?ae?eaeiee eaoiae, aeo?a/a?oueny ia ooai?aiiy
aaciiiae?aiiai aiaeith.

O i?ae?icae?e? 4.2 iienaii ?acoeueoaoe ii??aiyeueieo
ian-niaeo?iiao?e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aieeao aoaeoo aeoeaaoe?? aiaeith
iiaa?oiath iaoaeia?ae?eaeiiai eaoiaea ia eiiiiiaioiee neeaae ieacie ca
oiia aaoinoaa?e?ciaaiiai ca oeneii iaaiao?iiiiai ?ic?yaeo.

Iaea?aeai? ian-niaeo?e aoee ocaaaeueiai? o aeaeyae? caeaaeiinoae a?ae
?ic?yaeiiai no?oio (I?) a?aeiioaiue ia?oe?aeueieo oene?a (Pi/Pio)
eiaeiiai aeine?aeaeaiiai eiiiiiaioa (Pi) o ieaci? ?ic?yaeo c
iaoaeia?ae?eaeiei eaoiaeii aei ia?oe?aeueiiai oeneo (Pio) a?aeiia?aeiiai
eiiiiiaioa o ieaci? eiio?ieueiiai ?ic?yaeo c eaoiaeii ?c ia?aeaa?th/i?
noae?. Anoaiiaeaii, ui eiioeaio?aoe?? aiaeiaaeo /anoeiie (H, H2, H3) a
iaio ?ic?yaeao (c iaoaeia?ae?eaeiei eaoiaeii ? a eiio?ieueiiio ?ic?yae?)
ia a?ae??ciythoueny a onueiio aeine?aeaeaiiio ae?aiacii? cia/aiue
?ic?yaeiiai no?oio. A oie aea /an o ae?aiacii? cia/aiue ?ic?yaeiiai
no?oio 50(200 iA o neeaae? aaciaeo aeii?oie niinoa??aathoueny cia/i?
ci?ie. I?e iiaeaeueoiio ca?eueoaii? ?ic?yaeiiai no?oio (I?(200 iA)
a?aeiioaiiy Pi/Pio aeey an?o aeine?aeaeaieo eiiiiiaio ieacie
iaaeeaeathoueny aei iaeeieoe?. Oea icia/a?, ui iiaeaeueoa c?inoaiiy
?ic?yaeiiai no?oio i?eaiaeeoue aei iaaeeaeaiiy o?i?/iiai neeaaeo ieacie
?ic?yaeo c iaoaeia?ae?eaeiei eaoiaeii aei neeaaeo ieacie eiio?ieueiiai
?ic?yaeo.

Aeyaeaiee aoaeo iiynith?oueny eieeaaeueiei caoaeaeaiiyi iieaeoe aiaeith
a i?ioean? ?o aeani?aoe?? c iiaa?oi? iaoaeia?ae?eaeiiai eaoiaea.
Iayai?noue cia/ii? e?eueeino? eieeaaeueii-caoaeaeaieo iieaeoe o
i?eeaoiaei?e cii? ?ic?yaeo noeioeth? ieaciio?i?/i? ?aaeoe?? c o/anoth
aiaeith. Oea i?eaiaeeoue aei cao?eniaaieo ci?i eiiiiiaioiiai neeaaeo
aaciai? oace. I?e iiaeaeueoiio ca?eueoaii? ?ic?yaeiiai no?oio (I?(200
iA) c?inoa? oene aiaeith, ui aeeeeea? i?aeaeuaiiy oaeaeeino? V-T ? R-T
?aeaenaoe?e eieeaaeueii-caoaeaeaieo iieaeoe ? a?aeiia?aeia ciaioaiiy
oaeaeeino? ?aaeoe?e c ?o o/anoth.

O i?ae?icae?e? 4.3 iaaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aei?iaoaaiue ieaciiaiai
aeaea?aea iaaaoeaieo ?ii?a aiaeith.

I?eeaae aoei iiaoaeiaaii ia iniia? ?ic?yaeo Iaii?iaa c iaoaeia?ae?eaeiei
eaoiaeii. Aaia?aoe?y ?ii?a H– a?aeaoaa?oueny, aieiaiei /eiii, iiaeeco
iaoaeia?ae?eaeiiai eaoiaea a i?ioean? aeenioe?aoeaiiai i?eeeiaiiy
iecueeiaia?aaoe/ieo aeaeo?ii?a aei eieeaaeueii-caoaeaeaieo iieaeoe
aiaeith. Ine?eueee ia?a??c oeueiai i?ioeano oaeaeei c?inoa? aei cia/ii?
aaee/eie ((10-17 ni2) c ?inoii eieeaaeueiiai eaaioiaiai /enea i?e
aia?a?yo aeaeo?ii?a ia ??ai? aeae?eueeio aeaeo?ii-aieueo?a, oi
iaaeoiaeaeaiiy eieeaaeueii-caoaeaeaieo iieaeoe aiaeith c iiaa?oi?
iaoaeia?ae?eaeiiai eaoiaeo aaciina?aaeiuei a i?eeaoiaeio ciio, aea
aia?a?y aeaeo?ii?a iaea, i?eaiaeeoue aei c?inoaiiy aeoiaeo ?ii?a H–.
Aeoyaiaiiy iaaaoeaieo ?ii?a cae?enithaaeinue c i?eeaoiaeii? ciie
?ic?yaeo ia?iaiaeeeoey?ii aei neeiaeo e?i?e iaai?oiiai iiey aeaeo?iaeii,
ui iaa iioaioe?ae 1,4 eA. Oea aeicaieeei a?aeae?eeoe no?oi ?ii?a H– a?ae
no?oio noiooi?o aeaeo?ii?a. Aenia?eiaioe cae?enithaaeenue i?e oaeeo
ia?aiao?ao ?ic?yaeo: aiiaei?e iai?oc? Ua=1…1,5 eA, ?ic?yaeiiio no?oi?
Ip=1,5…3 iA, iai?oaeaiino? ciai?oiueiai iaai?oiiai iiey H = 0,03…0,1
Oe, oeneo aiaeith P = 0,05…0,6 Ia. ?ic?yae ?nioaaa o na?aaeiaeu?
aiaeith, yeee iaeii/anii iiaeaaaany ye ciai?oiueith nenoaiith aaciaiai
aeeaeaiiy, oae ? oeyoii aeani?aoe?? c iaoaeia?ae?eaeiiai eaoiaea.
Ia?aiao?e iaea?aeaii? aiaeiaai? ieacie aoee oaeeie: oaiia?aoo?a
aeaeo?ii?a Te= 20…60 aA, aonoeia ieacie np = (1…8)·109 ni-3.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui canoinoaaiiy iaoaeia?ae?eaeiiai eaoiaea i?eaiaeeoue aei
cia/iiai (i?eaeecii ia ii?yaeie aaee/eie) ca?eueoaiiy no?oio ?ii?a H–.
Aonoeia no?oio iaea?aeaiiai io/ea ?ii?a H– aei??aithaaea 5..10 iA/ni2.
Oea a?aeiia?aea? i?aeoe/ii iiaiiio aeoyaiaiith iaaaoeaieo ?ii?a aiaeith
c i?eeaoiaeii? ciie ?ic?yaeo. No?oiiaa aoaeoeai?noue aeine?aeaeaiiai
ieaciiaiai aeaea?aea ?ii?a H– aei??aith? 40…50%.

aENIIAEE

Anoaiiaeaii, ui canoinoaaiiy iie?ooieoe?iiaeueieo iaoaeia?ae?eaeieo
aeaiaio?a ia iniia? aaoa?ieo a?ae?eaeiooai?thth/eo iie?iaoaeaaeo
eiiiiceoe?e neeaaeo Zr-V-Fe ye eaoiae?a ieaciiooai?thth/iai nooiaiy
aeaeo?io?ce/ieo i?eeaae?a aia?aaoe/iiai ? oaoiieia?/iiai i?ecia/aiiy
caaacia/o? ?acii ?c ?ica’ycaiiyi aeiiii?aeieo caaaeaiue a?aeea/oaaiiy,
eiiiaeoiiai caa??aaiiy, i/euaiiy oa ea?iaaiiai iaioneo ?cioii?a aiaeith
o ?iai/o ciio aaeooiii? eaia?e ua e cia/ia i?aeaeuaiiy aia?aaoe/ii? oa
aaciai? aoaeoeaiinoae oaeeo i?eeaae?a.

(oea a?aeiia?aea? a?aeiioaiith /anoio eieeaaiue iieaeoe D2 ? H2, ui
ciaoiaeyoueny ia ia?oiio eieeaaeueiiio eaaioiaiio ??ai? iniiaiiai oa?io
X1Og+). Oea aaciina?aaeiuei i?aeoaa?aeaeo? oie oaeo, ui caoaeaeaiiy
iieaeoe aiaeith a i?ioean? ?o oa?iiaeani?aoe?? c iiaa?oi?
iaoaeia?ae?eae?a ia? eieeaaeueiee oa?aeoa?.

Aia?oa aeyaeaii aoaeo aaoinoaa?e?caoe?? ca oeneii ?aaeeio aeaeo?e/iiai
?ic?yaeo a na?aaeiaeu? aiaeith c iaoaeia?ae?eaeiei eaoiaeii.
Aenia?eiaioaeueii aeine?aeaeaia aeanoeaa aeey oeueiai ?aaeeio
ooieoe?iiaeueia caeaaei?noue ia?aiao??a ?ic?yaeo a?ae ?ic?yaeiiai
no?oio. Aeine?aeaeaii aieea aiaeiaaini?aoe?eieo aeanoeainoae
a?ae?eaeiooai?thth/iai iaoa??aeo eaoiaea, a oaeiae aaiiao??? aeaeo?iae?a
? iaai?oiiai iiey ia oa?aeoa?enoeee aaoinoaa?e?ciaaiiai ?aaeeio ?ic?yaeo
a no?auaieo E(H iieyo. Iieacaii, ui oa?aeoa?enoeee oaeiai ?ic?yaeo
aecia/athoueny o?eueee iaeiei ciai?oi?i oaeoi?ii – ?ic?yaeiei no?oiii.
Oea iaoiiaeaii ?nioaaiiyi aioo??oiueiai cai?ioiiai ca’yceo i?ae
ia?aiao?aie aiaeiaai? ieacie ?ic?yaeo ? oaiia?aoo?iei ?aaeeiii
iaoaeia?ae?eaeiiai eaoiaea, ui aeicaiey? aaoiiaoe/ii i?aeo?eioaaoe
?iai/ee oene aiaeith o aaeooii?e eaia??.

Anoaiiaeaia aeniea aoaeoeai?noue ?iiiiai aiiaa?aeoaaiiy, ye aeoeaiiai
caniao ea?oaaiiy oaieiaei ?aaeeiii ?iaioe iaoaeia?ae?eaeiiai aeaiaioa,
yeee iaeii/anii aeeiio? ooieoe?? eaoiaea ? aeaea?aea ieaciiooai?thth/iai
aaco. Aeyaeaii, ui cia/ia /anoea (aei 70%) e?iaoe/ii? aia?a??
aiiaa?aeoth/eo eaoiae ?ii?a aeo?a/a?oueny ia iai?ioiee ?iceeaae
a?ae?eaeieo oac iaoa??aeo eaoiaea. Cai?iiiiiaaia noaia aaciaiai
aeeaeaiiy ?c canoinoaaiiyi iaoaeia?ae?eaeiiai eaoiaea aeicaiey?
cae?enithaaoe ea?iaaiee iaione ?cioii?a aiaeith o caoaeaeaiiio noai?
aaciina?aaeiuei o ?iai/o ciio aaeooiii? eaia?e aeaeo?io?ce/iiai
i?eeaaeo, ui i?aeaeuo? aoaeoeai?noue i?ioean?a aaia?aoe?? iiceoeaieo ?
iaaaoeaieo ?ii?a aiaeith. Ea?oaaiiy ??aiai ?iai/iai oeneo o aaeooii?e
eaia?? ca oiia aaoinoaa?e?ciaaiiai ca oeneii ?aaeeio ?ic?yaeo c
iaoaeia?ae?eaeiei eaoiaeii cae?enith?oueny eeoa ca aeiiiiiaith iaeiiai
ciai?oiueiai ia?aiao?a – ?ic?yaeiiai no?oio.

Aeyaeaii aoaeo ?ioaineo?eaoe?? ieaciio?i?/ieo ?aaeoe?e, ui
a?aeaoaathoueny ia iiaa?oi? iaoaeia?ae?eaeiiai eaoiaea oa a
i?eiiaa?oiaaiio oa?? aaciai? oace ca oiia aaoinoaa?e?ciaaiiai ca oeneii
?aaeeio ?ic?yaeo. Anoaiiaeaii iaeanoue ?aaeeiieo ia?aiao??a (50
iA(Ip(200 iA), a yeeo niinoa??aa?oueny oeae aooaeo.

?ic?iaeai? oa aei?iaoaai? c?acee ieaciiaeo aeaea?ae iaaaoeaieo ?ii?a
aiaeith c iaoaeia?ae?eaeiei eaoiaeii. Anoaiiaeaii, ui canoinoaaiiy
aaoa?ieo a?ae?eaeiooai?thth/eo iaoa??ae?a o eiino?oeoe?? oeeo i?eeaae?a
i?eaiaeeoue aei c?inoaiiy (i?eaeecii ia iaeei ii?yaeie aaee/eie) aaciai?
aoaeoeai?no? i?ioeano aaia?aoe?? iaaaoeaieo ?ii?a aiaeith.
Aenia?eiaioaeueii iaea?aeaia aonoeia no?oio io/ea ?ii?a H– aei??aith?
5…10 iA/ni2 i?e no?oiia?e aoaeoeaiino? 40…50%.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaiee o ?iaioao:

Shmal’ko Yu.F., Lototsky M.V., Klochko Ye.V., Solovey V.V. The formation
of excited H species using metal hydrides //Journ. Alloys and Compaunds.
– 1995. –Vol. 231 – P. 856 – 859.

Oiaeueei TH.O., Nieiaae A.A., Eioioeeee I.A., Eei/ei A.A.
Iaoaeeiaeae?eaeii-aaeooiiua oaoiieiaee aeey oeceei-yia?aaoe/aneeo nenoai
//Aii?. aoiii. iaoee e oaoieee. Na?. ssaea?ii-oece/aneea enneaaeiaaiey
(oai?ey e yenia?eiaio). – 1994. – Aui. 1(27). – N. 13 – 19.

Shmal’ko Yu.F., Solovey V.V., Lototsky M.V., Klochko Ye.V.
Mass-spectrometry determination of vibrationally excited states of
molecules hydrogen desorbed from the surface of metal hydrides //Int. J.
Hydrogen Energy. – 1995. –Vol. 20, ? 5. – P. 357 – 360.

Shmal’ko Yu.F., Klochko Ye.V., Lototsky M.V. Influence of isotopic
effect on the shift on the ionization potentials of hydrogen desorbed
from metal hydride surface //Int. J. Hydrogen Energy. – 1996. – Vol. 21,
? 11/12. – P. 1057 – 1059.

Klochko Ye.V., Lototsky M.V., Popov V.V., Shmal’ko Yu.F., Borysko V.N.
Sorption and elctrotransfer characteristics of hydrogen-gettering
material in contact a hydrogen plasma //Journ. Alloys and Compounds. –
1997. – Vol. 261. – P. 259 –262.

Aiaeia A.A., Ai?enei A.I., Eei/ei A.A.,.Eioioeeee I.A, ?ya/eeia Ae.E.
Enneaaeiaaiea aaciaiai ?ac?yaea a ieaia?iii iaaiao?iia n
iaoaeeiaeae?eaeiui eaoiaeii //A?niee Oa?e?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Na?.
«ssae?a, /anoeiee, iiey.» – 1998. – ?421. – N.208-213.

Klochko Ye.V., Lototsky M.V., Popov V.V., Shmal’ko Yu.F., Borysko V.N.
Investigation of plasma interaction with metal hydride //Int. J.
Hydrogen Energy. – 1999. – Vol. 24. – P. 169 – 174.

Eei/ei A.A., Eioioeeee I.A., Oiaeueei TH.O., Ai?enei A.I. Nieaeaiea
oaieiiai?yaeaiiinoe aeeaa?oi?iuo ieanoei i?e iiiiue iaoaeeiaeae?eaeia
//Aii?. aoiii. iaoee e oaoieee. Na?. Oeceea ?aaeeaoeeiiiuo iia?aaeaeaiee
e ?aaeeaoeeiiiia iaoa?eaeiaaaeaiea. – 1998. – Aui. 5(71). – N. 55 – 57.

Ai?enei A.I., Eei/ei A.A., Eioioeeee I.A., Oiaeueei TH.O..
Oaoiieiae/aneee ieaciaiiue enoi/iee io?eoeaoaeueiuo eiiia //Aii?. aoiii.
iaoee e oaoieee. Na?. Oeceea ?aaeeaoeeiiiuo iia?aaeaeaiee e
?aaeeaoeeiiiia iaoa?eaeiaaaeaiea. – 1998. – Aui. 3(69), 4(70). – N. 179
– 182.

Aeoiay E.A., Ai?enei A.I., Eei/ei A.A., Oeaeoeei A.O. Enoi/iee
io?eoeaoaeueiuo eiiia ia aaca ieaia?iiai iaaiao?iia. //A?niee
Oa?e?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Na?. «ssae?a, /anoeiee, iiey.» – 1998. –
?421. – N.149-152.

AIIOAOe?ss

Eei/ei ?.A. Oaieiaeei?enoiaoth/? iaoaeia?ae?eaei? nenoaie
aacicaaacia/aiiy aeaeo?io?ce/ieo aia?aionoaiiaie. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 01.02.05 – Iaoai?ea ??aeeie, aaco oa ieacie.
Aea?aeaaiee aa?ieini?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. I.?.AEoeianueeiai «OA?»,
Oa?e?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi ?ic?iaee oa noai?aiiy nenoai aaciaiai
aeeaeaiiy aeaeo?io?ce/ieo i?eeaae?a ia iniia? iie?ooieoe?iiaeueieo
oaieiaeei?enoiaoth/eo iaoaeia?ae?eaeieo aeaiaio?a. Caoeuathoueny
?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo ? ?ic?aooieiai-oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue
ieaciiaeeiai?/ieo ? oaieio?ce/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee iaoaeia?ae?eaeieo nenoai
aaciaiai aeeaeaiiy aaeooiii-ieaciiaeo oaoiieia?/ieo e
aia?aiia?aoai?thth/eo i?eeaae?a.

Aia?oa aenia?eiaioaeueii aeine?aeaeaii ?cioii?/iee aoaeo o eieeaaeueiiio
caoaeaeaii? iieaeoe aiaeith, ui oa?iiaeani?aiaai? c iiaa?oi?
a?ae?eaeiooai?thth/eo aaoa?ieo iie?iaoaeaaeeo eiiiiceoe?e.

Anoaiiaeaii ? aenia?eiaioaeueii aeine?aeaeaii ?aaeei aaoinoaa?e?caoe??
ca oeneii aeaeo?e/iiai ?ic?yaeo a na?aaeiaeu? aiaeith c
iaoaeia?ae?eaeiei eaoiaeii. Aeyaeaii aenieo aoaeoeai?noue ?iiiiai
aiiaa?aeoaaiiy ye aeoeaiiai caniao ea?oaaiiy ?aaeeiii ?iaioe
iaoaeia?ae?eaeiiai aeaiaioa, yeee iaeii/anii aeeiio? ooieoe?? eaoiaea ?
aeaea?aea ieaciiooai?thth/iai aaco.

Aeyaeaii aoaeo ?ioaineo?eaoe?? ieaciio?i?/ieo ?aaeoe?e a aeaeo?e/ieo
?ic?yaeao ?c iaoaeia?ae?eaeiei eaoiaeii. Iaaaaeaii aenia?eiaioaeuei?
aeine?aeaeaiiy ieaciiaeo aeaea?ae iaaaoeaieo ?ii?a aiaeith. Anoaiiaeaii
i?aeaeuaiiy ia iaeei ii?yaeie aaee/eie aaciai? aoaeoeai?no? oeeo
i?eeaae?a i?e canoinoaaii? iaoaeia?ae?eaeieo eaoiae?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?cioiie aiaeith, iaoaeia?ae?eaee, oa?iiaeani?aoe?y,
ni?aoe?y, oaieiianiia?aiin, aeaeo?iia?aiin, aeoeaaoe?y aiaeith, aaciaee
?ic?yae, aaeooiii-ieaciia? oaoiieia??.

Eei/ei A.A. Oaieieniieuecothuea iaoaeeiaeae?eaeiua nenoaiu
aaciiaania/aiey yeaeo?ioece/aneeo yia?aionoaiiaie. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 01.02.05 – Iaoaieea aeeaeeinoe, aaca e ieaciu.
Ainoaea?noaaiiue ay?ieinie/aneee oieaa?neoao ei. I.A.AEoeianeiai «OAE»,
Oa?ueeia, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai ?ac?aaioee e nicaeaiey nenoai aaciaiai
ieoaiey yeaeo?ioece/aneeo onoaiiaie ia iniiaa iieeooieoeeiiaeueiuo
oaieieniieuecothueo iaoaeeiaeae?eaeiuo yeaiaioia. Caueuathony
neaaeothuea ?acoeueoaou yenia?eiaioaeueiuo e ?an/aoii-oai?aoe/aneeo
enneaaeiaaiee ieaciiaeeiaie/aneeo e oaieioece/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee
iaoaeeiaeae?eaeiuo nenoai aaciaiai ieoaiey aaeooiii-ieaciaiiuo
oaoiieiae/aneeo e yia?aii?aia?acothueo onoaiiaie:

I?iaaaeai aiaeec noai aaciaiai ieoaiey yeaeo?ioece/aneeo yia?aionoaiiaie
ecioiiaie aiaei?iaea, a eioi?uo iaoaeeiaeae?eaeiue yeaiaio iaeiia?aiaiii
auiieiyao ooieoeee enoi/ieea ieaciiia?acothuaai aaca e yeaeo?iaeia.
Iieacaii, /oi eniieueciaaiea iieeooieoeeiiaeueiuo iaoaeeiaeae?eaeiuo
yeaiaioia a ea/anoaa eaoiaeia ieaciiia?acothueo nooiaiae
aaeooiii-ieaciaiiuo onoaiiaie iaania/eaaao, iiieii eiiieaeniiai ?aoaiey
aniiiiaaoaeueiuo caaea/ ioea/ee, eiiiaeoiiai o?aiaiey, i/enoee e
i?ia?aiie?iaaiiiai iaionea ecioiiia aiaei?iaea iaiin?aaenoaaiii a
?aai/aa i?ino?ainoai aaeooiiie eaia?u ono?ienoaa-iio?aaeoaey,
cia/eoaeueiia iiauoaiea aaciaie e yia?aaoe/aneie yooaeoeaiinoae
i?ioeannia ieaciiia?aciaaiey.

Aia?aua yenia?eiaioaeueii onoaiiaeaii aeeyiea ecioiie/aneiai yooaeoa ia
i?ioeann iaoaeeiaeae?eaeiie aeoeaaoeee aiaei?iaea. I?iaaaeaiu
yenia?eiaioaeueiua e ?an/aoii-oai?aoe/aneea enneaaeiaaiey yoiai yooaeoa.
Onoaiiaeaii, /oi ioiioaiea niauaiee iioaioeeaeia eiiecaoeee yeaeo?iiiui
oaea?ii iieaeoe aiaei?iaea e aeaeoa?ey, aeani?ae?oaiuo n iiaa?oiinoe
aeae?eaeiia?acothueo eioa?iaoaeeeaeia, aeecei e cia/aieth ecioiie/aneiai
yooaeoa eieaaaiee iieaeoe H2 e D2, iaoiaeyueony ia ia?aii eieaaaoaeueiii
o?iaia iniiaiiai yeaeo?iiiiai oa?ia. Yenia?eiaioaeueii iieo/aia aaee/eia
oiaiueoaiey (ia 0,389 yA) iioaioeeaea eiiecaoeee iieaeoe aeaeoa?ey,
aeani?ae?oaiuo n iiaa?oiinoe aeaeoa?eaeia ninoaaa (Zr-V-Fe)Dx. Iino?iai
aeai?eoi auyaeaiey oiieie no?oeoo?u yenia?eiaioaeueiuo e?eauo
yooaeoeaiinoe eiiecaoeee yeaeo?iiiui oaea?ii
eieaaaoaeueii-aicaoaeaeaiiuo iieaeoe aiaei?iaea. I?iaaaeaiiua ii yoiio
aeai?eoio ?an/aou iieacaee iaee/ea oa?iiaeeiaie/anee ia?aaiiaaniiai
canaeaiey eieaaaoaeueiuo o?iaiae iieaeoe aiaei?iaea, aeani?ae?oaiuo n
iiaa?oiinoe iaoaeeiaeae?eaeia. Iieo/aii i?yiia yenia?eiaioaeueiia
iiaeoaa?aeaeaiea ?aiaa auneacaiiie aeiioacu i eieaaaoaeueiii
aicaoaeaeaiee iieaeoe aiaei?iaea a i?ioeanna eo aeani?aoeee n
iiaa?oiinoe aeae?eaeiia?acothueo iaoaeeia e nieaaia.

Aia?aua yenia?eiaioaeueii iaia?oaeai e enneaaeiaai aaoinoaaeeece?iaaiiue
ii aeaaeaieth ?aaeei ?ac?yaea n iaoaeeiaeae?eaeiui eaoiaeii.
Yenia?eiaioaeueii enneaaeiaaia oa?aeoa?iay aeey yoiai ?aaeeia
ooieoeeiiaeueiay caaeneiinoue ia?aiao?ia ?ac?yaea io ?ac?yaeiiai oiea.
Enneaaeiaaii aeeyiea aiaei?iaeini?aoeeiiiuo naienoa
aeae?eaeiia?acothuaai iaoa?eaea eaoiaea, aaiiao?ee yeaeo?iaeia e
i?eeiaeaiiiai iaaieoiiai iiey ia oa?aeoa?enoeee aaoinoaaeeece?iaaiiiai
ii aeaaeaieth ?aaeeia ?ac?yaea a ne?auaiiuo E(H iieyo. Iieacaii, /oi
oa?aeoa?enoeee oaeiai ?ac?yaea ii?aaeaeythony aaeeinoaaiiui aiaoiei
ia?aiao?ii – ?ac?yaeiui oieii. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi yoio yooaeo iaoneiaeai
iaee/eai aioo?aiiae ia?aoiie nayce iaaeaeo ia?aiao?aie aiaei?iaeiie
ieaciu ?ac?yaea e oaiia?aoo?iui ?aaeeiii iaoaeeiaeae?eaeiiai eaoiaea.
Yoi iicaieyao aaoiiaoe/anee iiaeaeaea?aeeaaoue ?aai/aa aeaaeaiea a
aaeooiiie eaia?a.

Iieacaia aunieay yooaeoeaiinoue eiiiie aiiaa?aee?iaee eae aeoeaiiai
n?aaenoaa oi?aaeaiey oaieiaui ?aaeeiii ?aaiou iaoaeeiaeae?eaeiiai
yeaiaioa, auiieiythuaai ooieoeee eaoiaea e enoi/ieea ieaciiia?acothuaai
aaca. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi cia/eoaeueiay aeiey (aei 70%) eeiaoe/aneie
yia?aee aiiaa?aee?othueo eaoiae eiiia ?anoiaeoaony ia ia?aoeiia
?aceiaeaiea aeae?eaeiuo oac iaoa?eaea eaoiaea. I?aaeeiaeaiiay noaia
aaciaiai ieoaiey n eniieueciaaiei iaoaeeiaeae?eaeiiai eaoiaea iicaieyao
inouanoaeyoue oi?aaeyaiue iaione ecioiiia aiaei?iaea a aicaoaeaeaiiii
ninoiyiee iaiin?aaenoaaiii a ?aai/oth ciio ieaciiia?acothuae nooiaie
yeaeo?ioece/aneie onoaiiaee, /oi cia/eoaeueii iiauoaao aaciaoth e
yia?aaoe/aneoth yooaeoeaiinoe i?ioeannia ia?aciaaiey iieiaeeoaeueiuo e
io?eoeaoaeueiuo eiiia aiaei?iaea.

Iaia?oaeai yooaeo eioaineoeeaoeee ieaciioeie/aneeo ?aaeoeee a ?ac?yaeao
n iaoaeeiaeae?eaeiui eaoiaeii. Auiieiai aiaeec ia enneaaeiaaiiiai ?aiaa
i?ioeanna iaoaeeiaeae?eaeiie aeoeaaoeee aiaei?iaea a oneiaeyo
eioaineaiie eiiiie aiiaa?aee?iaee iiaa?oiinoe eaoiaea.
Iann-niaeo?iiao?e/aneeie ecia?aieyie a oneiaeyo aaoinoaaeeece?iaaiiiai
ii aeaaeaieth ?aaeeia ?ac?yaea n iaoaeeiaeae?eaeiui eaoiaeii onoaiiaeaii
iaee/ea nouanoaaiiuo eciaiaiee a ninoaaa aaciaie n?aaeu ii n?aaiaieth n
eiio?ieueiui ?ac?yaeii.

Enneaaeiaai i?ioeann aaia?aoeee io?eoeaoaeueiuo eiiia aiaei?iaea a
?ac?yaea Iaiieiaa n iaoaeeiaeae?eaeiui eaoiaeii.Onoaiiaeaii
cia/eoaeueiia (i?eia?ii ia ii?yaeie aaee/eiu) iiauoaiea aaciaie
yooaeoeaiinoe ieaciaiiiai enoi/ieea io?eoeaoaeueiuo eiiia aiaei?iaea ia
iniiaa io?aaeaoaeueiiai ?ac?yaea a neo/aa eniieueciaaiey
iaoaeeiaeae?eaeiiai eaoiaea. Iieo/ai io/ie eiiia H– n ieioiinoueth oiea
5(10 iA/ni2, i?e oieiaie yooaeoeaiinoe 40(50%.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ecioiiu aiaei?iaea, iaoaeeiaeae?eaeu, oa?iiaeani?aoeey,
ni?aoeey, oaieiianniia?aiin, yeaeo?iia?aiin, aeoeae?iaaiea aiaei?iaea,
aaciaue ?ac?yae, aaeooiii-ieaciaiiua oaoiieiaee.

Ye.V.Klochko. Heat-utilizing metal hydride systems for gas supplying
electrophysical energy installations.

Ph. D. Thesis on the speciality 01.02.05 – the mechanics of fluid, gas
and plasma. The Kharkov Aviation Institute. Kharkov. 1999.

This thesis deal with a problem of development of systems for gas
supplying electrophysical installations which use the heat-utilizing
metal hydryde multifunctional elements. The results of the experimental
and design-theoretical studies on the thermalphysic characteristics of
metal hydride systems for gas supplying vacuum — plasma technological
and energy transforming installations are defended.

For the first time isotopic effect in vibrating excitation of molecules
of hydrogen, thermodesorbed from the surface of getter hydride forming
polymetal compositions experimentally is investigated.

The effect of autostabilization on pressure mode of gas discharge with
the metal hydride cathode was obtained and experimentally investigated.
The high efficiency of ionic bombardment as active control facility
operational mode of a metal-hydride element, which use as cathode and as
plasma-forming gas source was established.

The effect intensification of plasma-chemical reactions in the gas
discharge with the metal hydride cathode was obtained. The results of
experimental researches of plasma sources of negative ions of hydrogen
have been considered. The increase on one order of magnitude of gas
efficiency of these devices was established in case of use of metal
hydride cathodes.

Key words: isotopes of hydrogen, metal hydrides, thermodesorption,
sorption, heatmass-transfer, electro-transfer, activation of hydrogen,
gas discharge, vacuum — plasma technologies.

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