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Теорія і основні закономірності процесу віджиму вугільного пласта: Автореф. дис… д-ра техн. наук / Н.С. Хапілова, НАН України. Ін-т геотехн. механік

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IAOeIIIAEUeIA AEAAeAIIss IAOE OE?A(IU

IINOEOOO AAIOAOII*II( IAOAIIEE

OAIIEIAA Iaey Na?a((aia

OAeE 622.83

OAI?Iss I INIIAII CAEIIIII?IINOI

I?IOeANO AIAeAEEIO AOAIEUeIIAI IEANOA

05.15.09 – iaoai(ea a?oio(a oa a(?nueeeo ii?(ae

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe(( ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a oaoi(/ieo iaoe

Aei(i?iiao?ianuee – 1999

Aeena?oaoe((th ( ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iinoeooo( i?eeeaaeii( iaoaiaoeee ( iaoai(ee

Iaoe(iiaeueii( aeaaeai(( iaoe Oe?a(ie

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio – aeaaeai(e IAI Oe?a(ie, aeieoi? oaoi(/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani?, caneoaeaiee ae(y/ iaoee Oe?a(ie EINIIAeAIIAINUeEEE Ieaenaiae?
Na?a(eiae/, AeiiAeO, caa(aeoaa/ eaoaae?e.

Io(oe(eie iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi(/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? AEAENAAA Aiaoie(e
Aeieo?iae/, A(aeae(eaiiy o(ceei-oaoi(/ieo a(?ie/eo i?iaeai Aeiiaoeueeiai
o(ceei-oaoi(/iiai (inoeoooo IAI Oe?a(ie, aee?aeoi?;

aeieoi? oaoi(/ieo iaoe EIEANIIEIA Aieiaeeie? A?eai?iae/, Iinoeooo
aaioaoi(/ii( iaoai(ee IAI Oe?a(ie, i?ia(aeiee iaoeiaee ni(a?ia(oiee;

aeieoi? o(c.-iao. iaoe, i?ioani? OAEAeE?AAI Aaea?(e Aiaoie(eiae/,
Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oi(aa?neoao, caa(aeoaa/ eaoaae?e.

I?ia(aeia onoaiiaa – Iaoe(iiaeueia a(?ie/a aeaaeai(y Oe?a(ie,
i.Aei(i?iiao?ianuee.

Caoeno a(aeaoaeaoueny _________________ 1999?. i _________ aiaeei( ia
can(aeaii( niaoe(ae(ciaaii( a/aii( ?aaee Ae 08.188.01 i?e Iinoeooo(
aaioao-i(/ii( iaoai(ee IAI Oe?a(ie ca aae?anith: 320005,
i.Aei(i?iiao?ianuee, aoe.N(ioa?iiieuenueea, 2a, oaen (0562) 46-24-26

C aeena?oaoe((th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a(ae(ioaoe( Iinoeoooo
aaioaoi(/ii( iaoai(ee IAI Oe?a(ie ca aae?anith: 320005,
i.Aei(i?iiao?ianuee, aoe.N(ioa?iiieuenueea, 2a.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic(neaiee ______________________ 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe(ae(ciaaii( a/aii( ?aaee

aeieoi? oaoi(/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
I.N.*aoaa?ee

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aaaeaiiy a??ie/eo ?ia?o ia aaeeeeo aeeaeiao
noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ooai?aiiyi iiaeeco ae?iaie iaeanoae iai?oaeieo
aeaoi?iaoe?e. Ia?aiao?e cii, a yeeo ?icaeaathoueny iai?oaei?
aeaoi?iaoe?? oa?aeoa?ecothoue noai ae?iaee, ?? no?ee?noue, aiie ?
iaiao?aeieie ii/aoeiaeie aeaieie i?e ?ic?aooieao e??ieaiiy, oe?eee?a,
caeeaaeee i/enieo i?inoi??a. A?ae ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy
iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio ianeao a??nueeeo ii??ae iaaeiei ae?iaie
?c o?aooaaiiyi cii iai?oaeieo aeaoi?iaoe?e caeaaeeoue iioeiaeueia
i?iaeooaaiiy i?aecaiieo nii?oae oa a??ie/i? oaoi?ee, aea?? cania?a
ioi?iie ae?iaie ? ai?ioueae c aeeiai?/ieie yaeuaie a oaooao.

Iaeiei ?c niinia?a e?ea?aeaoe?? aeeeaeiiaaacia/ii? neooaoe?? a caai? ?
cae?eniaiiy i?ioeano a?aeaeeio aoa?eueiiai ieanoa caa/anii ?ic?aoiaaii?
?ioaineaiino?. Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiue i?ioeano a?aeaeeio
iaoiiaeth?oueny iaiao?aei?noth noai?aiiy aacia/ieo oiia i?e i?aecaii?e
?ic?iaoe? aoa?eueieo ieano?a.

Ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie i?aeaeuaiiy aaciaee ia? iniaeeai aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy
aeey Aeiiaoeueeiai aanaeio, aea e?euee?noue aeeeaeiiaaacia/ieo ieano?a,
ui ?ic?iaeythoueny, c eiaeiei ?ieii ca?eueoo?oueny, a e?ea?aeaoe?y
iane?aee?a aeeiai?/ieo yaeu aeiaaa? ana a?eueoeo iaoa??aeueieo aeo?ao,
ye? cieaeothoue ?aioaaaeuei?noue oaoo.

No/ani? caoeni? caoiaee, ye? cae?eniththoueny aeey aacia/iiai aeaeiaooeo
aoa?eey a oaooao, aacothoueny ia aeine?aeaeaiiyo aaiiaoai?/iiai noaio
ianeao iiaeeco ae?iaie ? noai?aii? niinia?a ea?oaaiiy iei. Aaeeeee
aianie o ?icaeoie oai?aoe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo iaoiae?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio ? i?ioean?a ?oeioaaiiy
na?aaeiaeua c?iaeee A.Ae.Aeaen??a, A.?.Aa?aiaeaoo, I.E.Aieueoeinueeee,
A.O.Aoeao, A.A.Aeiia?aaeia, A.O.Aeooei, I.I.Aocue, A.?.?o?aiia,
I.I.Cai?uee, A.I.Ci??i, I.A.Eai?inueeee, A.A.Eie?ni?eia,
I.N.Einiiaeai?ainueeee, E.A.Eioae?a, N.A.Eociaoeia, A.?.Eocueiaiei,
A.A.Eoe?iia, N.A.I?oe?i, E.A.Iieue/aiei, A.?.I?eie?i, E.A.Iiaeeiaa,
E.ss.Ia?/aanueeee, ?.I.Iaoooia, TH.I.Iiae?eue/oe, A.I.Iioo?a?a,
I.A.I?eoiaeueei, A.I.Naa?i, E.E.Nio?enueeee, A.O.Oe?oei, A.I.Ona/aiei,
N.I.O?enoeaiiae/, A.A.Oaeaee?aai, I.I.Oaoaiei, A.A.Oaaoeue,
A.A.Oaaaeueia, TH.I.Oaa/aiei, ?.?.Oaiye?i, I.I.Ooeueaa, ?.O.ss?aiaao oa
?i.

Aea/aiiy iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e iieacaei, ui iaoiaee ?ic?aooieo ia?aiao??a
iai?oaeieo iaeanoae, ye? oi?iothoueny iiaeeco ae?iaie, caniiaai? ia
?ica’yceao ieineeo caaea/ oai??? i?oaeiino? ? ieanoe/iino?, ui ia
aeicaieythoue aeine?aeeoe i?inoi?iaee iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiee noai
ianeao. ?ica’ycee a?aeiia?aeieo o?eaei??ieo caaea/ i?aeoe/ii a?aenooi?.

O ieineeo caaea/ao, ye? iiaeaeththoue aeeiaiiy aoa?eey a eaaao,
?ic?iaeai? /enaeuei? ? aiae?oe/i? iaoiaee ?ic?aooieo noaoe/ii? ??aiiaaae
i?ecaa?eii? iaeano? aoa?eueiiai ieanoa. Oiio ?nioth/? iaoiaee ? iiaeae?
ia aeicaieythoue iienaoe aeeiai?eo aeaeaaethaaiiy i?ecaa?eii? ciie o
aaaeeeaiio aeey i?aeoeee aeiaaeeo, eiee iiia?aaeo caaith ooo/ii aai
ieiia?eueii ooai?th?oueny iaeanoue c?oeiiaaiiai aoa?eey.

I?ioean a?aeaeeio i?ecaa?eii? /anoeie ieanoa ca ?aooiie oeneo c aieo
c?oeiiaaiiai aoa?eey ? ia?a?iciiae?eo iai?oaeaiue ia eiioaeo? aoa?eey c
ii?iaeaie ieae/a aoaeaii iaceaaoe ? a i o i a e i a?aeaeeiii ia
a?aei?io a?ae c a e / a e i i a i a?aeaeeio, yeee a?aeaoaa?oueny ca
?aooiie ieanoe/ieo aeaoi?iaoe?e i?e a?aenooiino? iaeano? c?oeiiaaiiai
aoa?eey.

O ia/eneaiieo ?iaioao, ye? aeine?aeaeothoue i?ioean ?aioiaiai a?aeaeeio
iaoiaeaie iaoai?ee nooe?eueiiai na?aaeiaeua, ?icaeyiooi iaeiiaei??i?
caaea/? aaciai? aeeiai?ee aac o?aooaaiiy iai?oaeaiue, ae?th/eo ia
aeaeaaethaaio iaeanoue aoa?eueiiai ianeao. Ia?a?iciiae?e iai?oaeaiue o
ianea? i?e i?iaaaeaii? a(?ie/eo ?ia?o ia aaeeeeo aeeaeiao ? iaei??th ?c
iniiaieo i?e/ei aeieeiaiiy a?aeaeeio. Aea aiae?oe/i? iaoiaee ?o
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?ica’yceo i?oaeii-ieanoe/ieo caaea/ iaoai?ee a??nueeeo
ii??ae, iniaeeai a i?inoi?iaiio aeiaaeeo, a?aenooi?.

Oiio ?ic?iaea oai??? i?ioeano a?aeaeeio i?ecaa?eii? iaeano? aoa?eueiiai
ieanoa i?e iayaiino? cii ?oeioaaiiy oa anoaiiaeaiiy oiia eiai aeieeiaiiy
e caeiiii??iinoae i?io?eaiiy ? aeooaeueiith iaoeiaith i?iaeaiith ? ia?
aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy aeey iaa?oiooaaiiy ? noai?aiiy aoaeoeaieo iaoiae?a ?
cania?a aeiaoaaiiy aoa?eey ia aaeeeeo aeeaeiao.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy,
ui aeeeaaeathoueny a aeena?oaoe??, iia’ycai? c ieaiaie
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o ?inoeoooo i?eeeaaeii? iaoaiaoeee ? iaoai?ee
IAI Oe?a?ie c oai oa i?ia?ai, caoaa?aeaeaieo I?aceae??th IAI Oe?a?ie,
AeEIO N?N? ? Oe?a?ie, Aea?aeieaio N?N? ? Oe?a?ie, a iaaeao eiiieaenieo
IOI “Aia?aieiiieaen”, “Aeiiaan” oa ?ioeo.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith ?iaioe ? noai?aiiy iaoeiaeo iniia
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? oa aaciaee aeaeiaoaaiiy aoa?eey oeyoii
?ic?iaee oai??? oa anoaiiaeaiiy i?e/ei ? caeiiii??iinoae i?io?eaiiy
i?ioeano a?aeaeeio ieanoa a i/enieo ae?iaeao aoa?eueieo oaoo.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy:

– iiaoaeoaaoe aiae?oe/iee ?ica’ycie i?inoi?iai? caaea/? i?i aecia/aiiy
iaae ieanoe/ieo cii iiaeeco ae?iaie, i?ieaeaieo o ieano? ei?enii?
eiiaeeie; aea/eoe aieea aeeaeie ?ic?iaee ieanoa ? o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo
aeanoeainoae aoa?eey oa ii??ae ia aeiaaeeio i?ecaa?eii? ieanoe/ii? ciie
oa iii?iee oene a i/eni?e ae?iaoe? ca a?aenooi?noth iaeano? c?oeiiaaiiai
aoa?eey;

– io?eiaoe caieiaio nenoaio ??aiyiue, yea iieno? i?ioean ?aioiaiai
a?aeaeeio i?ecaa?eii? ciie aoa?eueiiai ieanoa;

– aeine?aeeoe oiiae aeieeiaiiy i?ioeano ?aioiaiai a?aeaeeio i?ecaa?eii?
ciie aoa?eueiiai ieanoa a i/enieo ae?iaeao, cai?iiiioaaoe niiniae
?ic?aooieo ii/aoeiaeo ia?aiao??a i?ioeano;

– ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaee ?ica’yceo nenoai ??aiyiue, ye? ? iaoaiaoe/iith
iiaeaeeth i?ioeano ?aioiaiai a?aeaeeio; aea/eoe oa?aeoa? caeeaeaiiy
aieiaeo ii??ae i?e ?aioiaiio a?aeaeei?; aeine?aeeoe caeaaei?noue
aeieeiaiiy ? i?io?eaiiy ?aioiaiai a?aeaeeio a?ae aeeaeie caeyaaiiy
ieanoa oa o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae aoa?eey ? ii??ae;

– iiaoaeoaaoe iiaeaeue i?ioeano ?aioiaiai a?aeaeeio aeey iioeeeo
aoa?eueieo ieano?a;

– ocaaaeueieoe iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue ?aioiaiai a?aeaeeio ia aeiaaeie
no?eaeiiiae?aii? ci?ie o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae aoa?eey a
i?ecaa?ei?e cii?;

– ii?(aiyoe ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ?c iaoo?ieie aeaieie; oai?aoe/ii
iaa?oiooaaoe iaoiaee ?ic?aooieo iioeiaeueieo ia?aiao??a
?icaaioaaeoaaeueieo ii?iaeiei.

?aeay ?iaioe iieyaa? a aeei?enoaii? aeyaeaieo iniaeeainoae oi?ioaaiiy oa
i?io?eaiiy i?ioeano ?aioiaiai a?aeaeeio aoa?eueiiai ieanoa aeey iieno
aaiiaoai?/iiai noaio ianeao ? aeai?o niinia?a ea?oaaiiy iei

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a ianooiiiio:

– io?eiaii aiae?oe/iee ?ica’ycie i?inoi?iai? caaea/? i?i
iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiee noai ianeao a??nueeeo ii??ae, yeee
a?ae??ciy?oueny o?aooaaiiyi ieanoe/ieo iaeanoae iiaeeco ae?iaie,
i?ieaeaieo ia aaeeeeo aeeaeiao;

– aia?oa iiaoaeiaaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue, yea iieno? aeeiai?eo i?ioeano
?aioiaiai a?aeaeeio ieanoa a i/eni?e ae?iaoe?. Noai?aii iaoiaeeeo
?ic?aooieo i?ioeano, i?e oeueiio ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee ?ica’yceo nenoai
o?ainoeaiaeaioieo ??aiyiue niaoe?aeueiiai aeaeyaeo ? niiniae iiaoaeiae
iaeano? ?nioaaiiy ?ica’yceo nenoaie aeey ii/aoeiaeo ia?aiao??a. Aeaii
aaiiao?e/io ?ioa?i?aoaoe?th oiia aeieeiaiiy a?aeaeeio ieanoa, ui
i?noeoue ae?eyieo c?oeiiaaiiai aoa?eey. Caeiaooi e?euee?nio ioe?ieo
iniiaieo ia?aiao??a ? o?ce/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee i?ioeano oa ?o ci?ie i?e
a?aeaeei?;

– anoaiiaeaii oa?aeoa?io iciaeo ca?iaeaeaiiy i?ioeano ?aioiaiai
a?aeaeeio;

– aia?oa aeine?aeaeaii aieea iioeeo ?ic?iaethaaiiai ieanoa, aeeaeie eiai
caeyaaiiy ? no?eaeiiiae?aii? ci?ie oiceei-iaoaii/ieo aeanoeainoae
aoa?eey a i?ecaa?ei?e iaeano? ia ?aioiaee a?aeaeei. Anoaiiaeaii iia?
ye?ni? ? e?euee?ni? caeiiii??iino? i?ioeano.

Iaoeiaa cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? a noai?aii? aiae?oe/ieo iaoiae?a
?ica’yceo i?inoi?iaeo ? ieineeo i?oaeiiieanoe/ieo caaea/ iaoai?ee
a??nueeeo ii??ae, ye? aeicaieeee aia?oa io?eiaoe ?ica’ycie aaeeeiai
eeano caaea/ i?i ?ic?aooiie iaae ieanoe/ieo cii iiaeeco ae?iaie,
i?ieaeaieo o ieano? ei?enii? eiiaeeie, ? anoaiiaeoe caeiiii??iino?
i?ioeano a?aeaeeio i?ecaa?eii? ciie ?ic?iaethaaiiai aoa?eueiiai ieanoa
i?e iayaiino? iaeanoae ?oeioaaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a onoaiiaeaii?
caeiiii??iinoae, ye? aeacothoue oeyoe ea?oaaiiy ?aioiaei a?aeaeeiii ?c
iaoith noai?aiiy aacia/ieo oiia i?e a?ae?iaoe? aoa?eueieo ieano?a.

Ia aac? noai?aii? oai??? i?ioeano a?aeaeeio ieanoa ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaeeee:

ioe?iee oiia aeieeiaiiy oa ?ioaineaiino? i?io?eaiiy ?aioiaiai a?aeaeeio
aoa?eueiiai ianeao a i/eni?e ae?iaoe?;

ioe?iee aieeao iaiaeii??aeiino? aoa?eey ia i?ioyaei?noue i?ecaa?eii?
ciie, iii?iee oene oa a?aeaeei ieanoa;

?ic?aooieo ia?aiao??a ?icaaioaaeoaaeueieo ii?iaeiei, ye? i?iaiaeyoueny
aeey caiia?aaiiy aeeeae?a aai aeey ioi?iie ae?iaee;

?ic?aooieo i?inoi?iaiai iii?iiai oeneo ia i?oaeiee aoa?eueiee ieano
iiaeeco ae?iaie, ye? iathoue o ieai? neeaaeio oi?io;

?ic?aooieo iaae ieanoe/ieo cii ia ieiuei? eiioaeoo ii??ae ?c ieanoii
ei?enii? eiiaeeie, ineaaeaiei ae?iaeaie a oi?i? i?yiieooiiai
ia?aeaeai?iaaea ? eieiaiai oeee?iae?a.

?aae?caoe?y ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoai? a ?ic?iaeao
IaeIAe? ? AeiiAOA? i?e ?ic?aooieo iioeiaeueieo ia?aiao??a caoenieo
caoiae?a, ui ai?iaaaeaeai( ia aoa?eueieo oaooao Aeiiaano.

Ia?aaeai( IaeIAe? iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo i?inoi?iaiai iii?iiai oeneo
aeei?enoaii aeey ioe?iee eiioeaio?aoe?? iai?oaeaiue i?e aeai??
iioeiaeueii? oi?ie e?aeiaeo /anoei i/enieo caai?a; iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo
ia?aiao??a iioeeeo ?icaaioaaeoaaeueieo u?eei aeei?enoai? IaeIAeI i?e
?aae?caoe?? niiniao caiia?aaiiy aeeeae?a o i?aeaioia/eo ae?iaeao ia
oaoo? ?i.I.A.Noaoaiiaa AeOE “E?aniia?i?enueeaoa?eey” ? ia oaoo?
“Ei/aaa?ea” AeOE “A?oaiaoa?eey”.

Ia?aaeai? AeiiAOA? iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy aaee/eie ciie a?ae?iia?iaee
aeei?enoaii i?e ?ic?aooieo ia?aiao??a a?ae?i?ic/eaioaaiiy, yea
i?iaiaeeeiny ia oaoo? ?i. XVII ia?oc’?caeo II “Oaooa?nueeaio?aoeeo”;
iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo eiao?oe??ioo eiioeaio?aoe?? iai?oaeaiue aeei?enoai?
AeiiAOA? i?e aeai?? iioeiaeueieo oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a
?icaaioaaeoaaeueieo ii?iaeiei, ye? noai?eee aacia/i? oiiae i?ioiaeee ?
aenieoaoaoe?? i?aeaioia/eo ae?iaie ia oaooao AeOE “Ia?aiiaenueeaoa?eey”.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? o ?ic?iaoe? oai??? i?ioeano
a?aeaeeio aoa?eueiiai ieanoa a eaaao, aeyaeaii? caeiiii??iinoae
aeeiai?ee aeaeaaethaaiiy ieanoa i?e iaaeeaeaii? caaith aei iaeano?
c?oeiiaaiiai aoa?eey, ocaaaeueiaii? oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue
i?inoi?iaiai iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio ianeao a??nueeeo ii??ae
iiaeeco ae?iaee c o?aooaaiiyi ieanoe/iino? aoa?eey.

Iaoa, caaea/?, iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy noi?ioeueiaai? aaoi?ii naiino?eii.
?acoeueoaoe, ui iaaaaeai? a ?icae?eao 2-8 ?iaioe, iaea?aeai? iniaenoi
caeiaoaa/ii. Aenia?eiaioe ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ia oaooao Aeiiaano caoenieo
caoiae?a, a iaa?oiooaaii? oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a yeeo a?aa o/anoue
aaoi?, cae?eniai? ni?a?ia?oieeaie IaeIAe? ? AeiiAOA? (i. 2,3, ?icae?eo
8). Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe iioae?eiaaii a 34 naiino?eieo ioae?eaoe?yo,
aeeth/ath/e iiiia?ao(th.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeeny ia Ananithci?e ia?aae? c iaoai?ee a??nueeeo ii??ae ?
a??ie/iai oeneo (Iiainea??nuee, 1968?.), ia V nai?ia?? ii
aeine?aeaeaiith a??ie/iai oeneo a eai?oaeueieo oa i?aeaioia/eo ae?iaeao
(i.Oe?aoe?, 1976?.), ia can?aeaiiyo Eii?n?? c ?aioiaeo aeeeae?a aoa?eey,
ii?iaee oa aaco i?e I?aceae?? AI O?N? (Ee?a, 1974-1975?.?.,
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1977?.) ia VI Ananithci?e eiioa?aioe?? c eiiieaenieo
aeine?aeaeaiue o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae a??nueeeo ii??ae ? i?ioean?a
(Iineaa, 1977?.), ia V-VII, IX Ananithcieo eiioa?aioe?yo c iaoai?ee
a??nueeeo ii??ae (Iineaa, 1974?.; O?oica, 1978?.; Aei?i?iiao?ianuee,
1981?., O?oica, 1989?.), ia VI-VII nai?ia?ao ii aeine?aeaeaiith
a??ie/iai oeneo ? cania?a ioi?iie eai?oaeueieo ? i?aeaioia/eo ae?iaie
(Iiainea??nuee, 1978?., Aeaaeeainoie, 1980?.), ia III-IV nai?ia?ao
“Aiae?oe/i? iaoiaee ? canoinoaaiiy AII a iaoai?oe? a??nueeeo ii??ae”
(Iiainea??nuee, 1980?., 1982?.), ia neiiic?oi? “Eiioeaio?aoe?y
iai?oaeaiue” (Aeiiaoeuee, 1983?.), ia ?? oeie?-nai?ia?? “Iaoiaee
iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy a iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo” (Aeiiaoeuee,
1990?.), ia eiioa?aioe?? “Iioei?caoe?y a??ie/eo ?ia?o ? o?aaiaioe NAI?
(Iiainea??nuee, 1990?.), ia O I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? c iaoai?ee
a??nueeeo ii??ae (Iineaa, 1993?.), ia I?aeia?iaeiiio nai?ia??
“Iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? o?ce/ieo i?ioean?a oa ?o aeanoeaino?” (Oaaai?ia,
1996?.), ia I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “No/ani? i?iaeaie
eiioeaio?aoe?? iai?oaeaiue” (Aeiiaoeuee, 1998?.), ia I?aeia?iaei?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Iaoaiaoeea a ?iaeono???“ (Oaaai?ia, 1998?.), ia
ia’?aeiaiiio iaoeiaiio nai?ia?? eaoaae?e oai??? i?oaeiino? ?
ia/enethaaeueii? iaoaiaoeee, eaoaae?e oai?aoe/ii? iaoai?ee Aeiiaoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo oa a?aeae?eo aiae?oe/ieo iaoiae?a iaoai?ee
a??nueeeo ii??ae ?inoeoooo i?eeeaaeii? iaoaiaoeee ? iaoai?ee IAI Oe?a?ie
i?ae ea??aieoeoaii aeaaeai?ea IAI Oe?a?ie I.N.Einiiaeai?ainueeiai
(Aeiiaoeuee, 1974-1998 ?.?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 52 iaoeia? ?iaioe, a oiio
/ene? iaeia iiiia?ao?y, 42 noaoo?, c yeeo 34 o iaoeiaeo oaoiaeo
aeaeaiiyo, ? 9 oac eiioa?aioe?e.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, ainueie
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e ?c 224 iaeiaioaaiue ? aeiaeaoeo,
aeeeaaeaia ia 364 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, i?noeoue 41 oaaeeoeth
? 51 iaethiie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

I?e iaaeeaeaii? caaith aei iaeano? iiae??aiaiiai aoa?eey (aai ?ioi?
oaa?aei? ei?enii? eiiaeeie) ??aiiaaaeiee noai i?ecaa?eii? /anoeie
?ic?iaethaaiiai ieanoa, iiaea ii?ooeoeny, a naia, iiaea a?aeaooeny
i?ioean aeooiaooaaiiy (a?aeaeeio) i?iaee, yea a?aeae?ey? noi?o
iiae??aiaiiai aoa?eey c aacii a?ae ?iai/iai i?inoi?o oaooe.

Aeey cae?eniaiiy a?aeaeeio iaeanoue c?oeiiaaiiai aoa?eey iiia?aaeo
caaith /anoi ooai?ththoue ooo/ii a?ae?aae?/iei oeyoii aai ca aeiiiiiaith
eaiooeaoiiai aeaooo. E??i oiai, oae? iaeano? iiaeooue ooai?eoeny i?e
?oeioaaii? aoa?eey, yea iaoiiaeaia oaoiieia??th eiai aeeiaiiy. ?,
ia?aoo?, o i?e?iaeiiio noai? ieano iiaea i?noeoe ae?eyiee ia?ai’yoiai
aoa?eey.

O aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeothoueny i?ioeane a?aeaeeio i?ecaa?eii? /anoeie
?ic?iaethaaiiai ieanoa, i?e iayaiino? iiia?aaeo caaith iaeano?
c?oeiiaaiiai aoa?eey (?aioiaee a?aeaeei) ? o aeiaaeeo a?aenooiino? ciie
c?oeiiaaiiai aoa?eey (cae/aeiee a?aeaeei).

Aeeiiai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee noi?ioethaaoe iniiai? iaoeia?
iieiaeaiiy:

– i?e ?aioiaiio a?aeaeei? ii?iaeuei? ci?uaiiy oi/ie eiioaeoii? iiaa?oi?
aoa?eey-ii?iaea ? oaeaeeino? caeeaeaiiy a?/ieo ii??ae a aeeaei? ianeao
ca aaee/eiith a?eueo?, i?ae iiaeeco caaith, aei oiai ae ia i?ioyc?
ia?oeo 5-10 ien i?ioeano cnoaaiiy iia?ey caaith ? a a?aie/ieo ia?a??cao
iaeano? ?oeioaaiiy ??ciyoueny ia ii?yaeie ? a?eueoa. I?e a?ae?iaoe?
ieanoa, yeee ia i?noeoue ciio c?oeiiaaiiai aoa?eey, ci?uaiiy
iaeneiaeuei? iiaeeco caaith ? ii i??? a?aeaeaeaiiy a?ae iueiai
ciaioothoueny. Ci?ia oa?aeoa?o caeeaeaiiy a?/ieo ii??ae aeicaiey?
i?iaiicoaaoe ca?iaeaeaiiy i?ioeano ?aioiaiai a?aeaeeio;

– i?e a?aeaeei? i?ecaa?eii? iaeano? aoa?eey o ae?iaeaiee i?ino??
iaeneioi iii?iiai oeneo ia?ai?uo?oueny a aeea ianeao, eiai aaee/eia
ciaioo?oueny, a i?ioyaei?noue ieanoe/ii? ciie ca?eueoo?oueny ia 50-200
a?aenioe?a, ui aeicaiey? ni?yiiaaii ?aaoethaaoe ciio aaciaee ?ia?o;

– i?ioyaeiino? cii c?oeiiaaiiai aoa?eey, i?e yeeo a?aeaoaa?oueny
?aioiaee a?aeaeei, ciaiueoothoueny, a ?ioaineai?noue i?ioeano
ca?eueoo?oueny a oiiaao iioeeeo ? e?ooeo ieano?a o ii??aiyii? c
aeiaaeeii ai?eciioaeueiiai caeyaaiiy, ui iineeth? aeiiae aei caoenieo
caoiae?a ii i?aeaeuaiith aaciaee i/enieo ?ia?o ia aeacaieo ieanoao;

– no?eaeiiiae?aia ci?ia aeanoeainoae aoa?eey, yea oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
ciaioaiiyi ieanoe/ii? noaei? ca ciiith ?icae??aiaiiai aoa?eey,
i?ecaiaeeoue aei aeiaeaoeiaiai ?noioiiai ca?eueoaiiy i?ioyaeiino?
i?ecaa?eii? ieanoe/ii? ciie, ciaioaiith aaniethoiiai cia/aiiy iaeneioio
iii?iiai oeneo ? ca?eueoaiith eiai cieaeaiiy a i?ioean? a?aeaeeio a
ii??aiyii? c iaeii??aeiei ieanoii, ui ni?ey? e?ea?aeaoe?? iaaacia/ieo
neooaoe?e o eaaao.

Aeeeaaeaii iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe.

iai?aaeaia aa?oeeaeueii aaa?o.

, iaoiiaeaieo i?iaaaeaiiyi ae?iaie, iiaeia iaoooaaoe aieeaii aeaiii?
iiaa?oi?. Oiae? a neeo neiao??? aeinoaoiuei ?icaeyiooe caaea/o aeey
i?oaeiiai i?ai?inoi?o, yeee eaaeeoue ia i?oaeiiieanoe/iiio oa?i,
iineaaeaiiio ii?iaeieiaie.

.

A?aie/i? oiiae aeey aa?oiueiai i?oaeiiai i?ai?inoi?o iathoue aeaeyae:

;

. ?ica’ycie e?aeiai? caaea/? (1) caieno?oueny oaeei /eiii:

. (2)

:

. (3)

ye? aoiaeyoue o oi?ioee (2)-(3), caaeiaieueiythoue nenoai?
?ioaa?aeueieo ??aiyiue

(4)

O ni?aa?aeiioaiiyo (2)-(4) aeei?enoai? iicia/aiiy

– ooieoe?y Aannaey ioeueiaiai ii?yaeeo.

, iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiee noai i?oaeiiai iai?ai?inoi?o aecia/a?oueny
?c ?ica’yceo ia?oi? iniiaii? caaea/? oai??? i?oaeiino?.

ciai?oiuei? iaae? oe??? iaeano? iaa?aeiiee.

caeiaooa oi?ioea

(5)

aecia/athoueny ?c nenoaie ??aiyiue

(6)

(7)

ia? aeaeyae:

(8)

ia/eneththoueny ca oi?ioeaie

(9)

(10)

a oi/eao eiioaeoo ii??ae c ieanoii o ieanoe/i?e iaeano?, iiaea aooe
ciaeaeaii ?c ?ica’yceo o?eaei??ii? caaea/? i?i iai?oaeaiee noai
noeneeaiai ieanoe/iiai oa?o ?c ii?iaeieiith.

Nenoaia ??aiyiue, yea iieno? iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiee noai ieanoe/iiai
oa?o, neeaaea?oueny c ??aiyiiy ??aiiaaae, o?ce/ieo ??aiyiue oa oiiae
ieanoe/iino?. Iiaoaeiaaii aiae?oe/iee ?ica’ycie oe??? nenoaie, yeee
i?noeoue i’youe aeia?eueieo noaeeo, i?e/iio o ae?ace aeey eiiiiiaio
iai?oaeaiue aoiaeyoue o?eueee aea? noae?.

, yea aoiaeeoue a oiiao (1).

, yea aoiaeeoue aei oi?ioe (6)-(8).

c?inoathoue a 5-6 ?ac?a. ?c ?ic?aooieo aeoiaeeoue, ui aieea ae?iaee
iioe?th?oueny ia a?aenoaiue, yea aei??aith? a?eueo?e noi?ii?
i?yiieooieea.

c?inoathoue. Iiaeaii e?euee?nio ioe?ieo ciaioaiiy iai?oaeaiiy i?e
ie?oaeaii? eiioo?a iiaeeco eooiaeo oi/ie.

.

?ic?aooiie ieanoe/ii? ciie aeey ii?iaeieie a oi?i? eieiaiai oeee?iae?a
aeeiiaii ca oi?ioeaie (6)-(7) iaoiaeii iine?aeiaieo iaaeeaeaiue. Eiai
?aae?caoe?y i?ino?oa, i?ae o aeiaaeeo ia?aeaeai?iaaea, ineieueee oi?ia
ieanoe/ii? iaeano? cacaeaeaa?aeue a?aeiia.

ia eiioaeo? aoa?eey c ii?iaeith.

?aioiaee a?aeaeei. Iniiai? ??aiyiiy. I?e iaaeeaeaii? aeaith aei iaeano?
c?oeiiaaiiai aoa?eey ana?aaeei? ?? ia?a?iciiae?eythoueny iai?oaeaiiy,
ci?ith?oueny oene aaco. sse o?eueee neee oa?oy ia eiioaeo? a??nueeeo
ii?iae c aoaieueiith i?iaeith, yea aiaeaeiey? aeieyieo ?icae?iaiaiiai
aoaieey aiae ?iai/iai i?inoi?o, noathoue no?iai iaioa nee oeneo ia
i?iaeo c aieo c?oeiiaaiiai aoa?eey, aiia ii/ia ?ooaoeny a iai?yieo
ae?iaeaiiai i?inoi?o. Oeae i?ioean iiaea aooe iienaiee ??aiyiiyie ?ooo
oa oiiaaie caa?aaeaiiy iane ie?aieo aeieyiie ieanoe/ii? ciie.

.

.

Iae.1. Noaia i?ecaa?eii? ciie ieanoa

c iaeanooth c?oeiiaaiiai aoa?eey.

.

. Aeei?enoiaoth/e a?aie/i? oiiae aeey ci?uaiue, ciaeaeaii ae?oaa
o?ainoeaiaeaioia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy, ui i?noeoue oe? ia?aiao?e. Iaeaeaa
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy caieoaii a iayaiiio aeaeyae?

(11)

– iiaeoeue i?oaeiino? oa eiao?oe??io Ioanniia ii??ae.

O i?ioean? aeaeaaethaaiiy aoa?eey aeey an?o o?ueio ae?eyiie ieanoe/ii?
ciie iiaeii? aeeiioaaoenue oiiae caa?aaeaiiy iane:

(12)

.

oaeei /eiii:

. (13)

aecia/a?oueny a?aeiiith oi?ioeith aiae?co

. (14)

??aiyiiy ?ooo i?iaee i?aaenoaaeaii o aeaeyae?

(15)

– oene aaciaoa?eueii? noi?o? ia i?iaeo.

, yei iienothoue i?ioean ?aioiaiai a?aeaeeio i?ecaa?eii? iaeano?
aoa?eey.

oi?ioeith:

Ooo

;

.

. Ia eiaeiiio e?ioe? ?ioaa?oaaiiy aeeoa?aioe?aeueiiai ??aiyiiy (15)
?ica’yco?oueny nenoaia o?ainoeaiaeaioieo ??aiyiue (11)-(14). Oiio aei
cacia/aieo oiia iaiao?aeii aeiaeaoe oae? ii/aoeia? oiiae:

*an o?eaaeino? i?ioeano aecia/a?oueny iiiaioii ia?aoai?aiiy oaeaeeino?
i?iaee a ioeue.

, o naith /a?ao, ? iaa?aeiieie aaee/eiaie. Aeey ?o aecia/aiiy
aeei?enoai? oae? i??eoaaiiy.

. Iionoeaoe aa?oi?e ioeueiaee ?iaeaen, caieoaii ?o o aeaeyaei

(16)

.
(17)

. I?ney ia?aoai?aiue aiii ia? aeaeyae

(18)

aea

/a?ac eii?aeeiaoe ae?aaeaii oaeei /eiii:

(19)

iicia/aii eii?aeeiaoe aeaith oa iaae? ieanoe/ii? ciie i?e cae/aeiiio
a?aeaeeii.

, o aecia/aii? oaeaeeino? i?iaee, /ano i?io?eaiiy i?ioeano ? o.ae.

nenoaia ia ia? oaeeo ei?ai?a, oi oea icia/a?, ui i?ioean aeieeiooe ia
iiaea. C oe??? oi/ee ci?o, ??aiyiiy (16)-(19) iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye
iaiao?aei? oiiae aeieeiaiiy aeaeaaethaaiiy.

(caaea/a 1). Nenoaia i’yoe cae/aeieo aeeoa?aioe?aeueieo ??aiyiue

(caaea/a II). I?ney aeeoa?aioe?thaaiiy io?eia?ii

, ui aei??aiththoue ioeth. I?e oeueiio /enei ??aiyiue o nenoai?
aei??aithaaoeia o?ueii ? ?? iiaeia cia?aceoe o aeaeyae?

?ica’ycaiiy oe??? nenoaie ??aiyiue neeaaea? ci?no caaea/? ???.

, aeaei aiie ia?aoai?ththoueny a iaeia ??aiyiiy.

I?inoioa o?ce/ii? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a ? iaio? aeo?aoe iaoeiiiai
/ano aeathoue ia?oiio iaoiaeo ?noioi? ia?aaaae a ii??aiyii? c ae?oaei.
I?ioa, a?aeooeaiiy ae?oaiai niiniao aeioe?eueii ye aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy
nenoaie, oae ? aeey i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy aeinoia??iino? ?acoeueoao?a
?ic?aooie?a.

.

.

.

, ui aecia/a?oueny iiiaioii iaa?iaiiy a ioeue oaeaeeino? i?iaee,
aaaaea?oueny a?aeiiei ia?aiao?ii.

? ooieoe?yie cnoaaiiy.

.

aeaei iiaeeea?noue ciaeoe a eaaae?aoo?ao oaeaee?noue i?iaee, ??
cnoaaiiy o ae?iaeo ? /an ia?aa?ao i?ioeano.

, ia aaeath/enue aei aoaeue-yeeo ni?iuaiue aeo?aeii? nenoaie.

Ae?oaee iaoiae ? a?eueo oi/iei o ii??aiyii? c ia?oei, ai i?e eiai
?aae?caoe?? a iaoei? ia ia/eneththoueny eaaae?aoo?e, ye? aecia/athoue
caeaaei?noue oaeaeeino? i?iaee ? /ano ia?aa?ao i?ioeano a?ae ??
cnoaaiiy.

? ia?aiao??a, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue o?ceei-iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino? aoa?eey
? ii??ae, o oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? ?o ?aaeueieo cia/aiue ci?uaiiy oeaio?o
aaae i?iaee ia ia?aaeuo? aeaio iiooaeiinoae aoa?eueiiai ieanoa.

, ui caaena?. O?aooaaiiy oa?o ia?ooaieo ii??ae, i?ecaiaeeoue aei
iaioiai aa?oeeaeueiiai noeneo aoa?eueiiai ieanoa a i?ecaa?ei?e cii?.

i?aeoe/ii caa??aathoueny, oaeaee?noue i?iaee iacia/ii c?inoa?, /an
ia?aa?ao i?ioeano ciaioo?oueny.

Anoaiiaeaiiy oa?aeoa?ieo iciae aeeiai?/iiai i?ioeano ia noaae?? eiai
aeieeiaiiy i?aaenoaaey? aaeeeee i?aeoe/iee ?ioa?an. O ?iaio? iieacaii,
ui oa?aeoa?iith iciaeith ca?iaeaeaiiy i?ioeano ?aioiaiai a?aeaeeio ?
aeieeiaiiy neooaoe??, i?e ye?e ii?iaeuei? cnoaaiiy aieiaeo ii??ae o
aeeaei? ianeao a?eueo? ca aaee/eiith, i?ae iiaeeco caaith.

iieno? oi?io eiioaeoii? iiaa?oi? aoa?eey-ii?iaea a i?ecaa?ei?e cii?.
Ci?io iieiaeaiiy eiioaeoii? iiaa?oi? c ieeiii /ano i?ioeano iieacaii ia
iae. 2.

Iae.2. Ci?ithaaiiy oi?ie i?ecaa?eii? ciie

aoa?eueiiai ieanoa a i?ioean? a?aeaeeio.

.

Iaea?aeaii /enaeuei? cia/aiiy na?aaeiuei? oaeaeeino? ii?iaeueieo
cnoaaiue aieiaeo ii??ae i?e ?o caeeaeaii? a i?ioean? aeaeaaethaaiiy.
Aeyaeeiny, ui i?e ?aioiaiio a?aeaeei? oaeaeeino? caeeaeaiiy ii??ae o
aeeaei? ianeao cia/ii a?eueo?, i?ae iiaeeco caaith.

Oaeei /eiii, anoaiiaeaii, ui oa?aeoa?iith iniaeea?noth ?icaeoeo i?ioeano
?aioiaiai a?aeaeeio ? aeieeiaiiy aaeeeeo ii?iaeueieo cnoaaiue aieiaeo
ii??ae ? oaeaeeinoae ?o caeeaeaiiy a ii/aoeiaee ia??iae i?ioeano (0

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