IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE ?AAeA II AEA*AIITH I?IAeOEOEAIEO
NEE OE?A?IE

NIEIAOA IEAIA IAO??AIA

OAeE 331. 024. 3

OAI?AOEEI-IAOIAeIEIA?*I? INIIAE I?IAeOEOEAIINO? AEIIII?EE OE?A?IE:
?AA?IIAEUeI? ANIAEOE

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08. 10. 01. — ?ici?uaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee ?
?aa?iiaeueia aeiiii?ea

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a 1999

2

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?aae? ii aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie IAI

Oe?a?ie (i. Ee?a)

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,
/eai-ei?aniiiaeaio IAI Oe?a?ie Aei?iaoioeia Na?a?e ?aaiiae/,

?aaea ii aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie, aieiaa

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, ae?eniee /eai IAI Oe?a?ie *oia/aiei
Ieeiea A?eai?iae/, I?aceae?y IAI Oe?a?ie, ?aaeiee I?aceae??;

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? E?aaeiaa Aeea Ia?eai?aia,

?aaea ii aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie, caa.
a?aeae?eii aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeai ethaenueeiai ?icaeoeo ? ?icnaeaiiy;

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Noa/aiei Aeieo?i Ieeieaeiae/,
Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao ?i. O. A. Oaa/aiea, caa.
eaoaae?ith ?iiiaaoe?eiiai iaiaaeaeiaioo ? i?aei?e?iieoeoaa

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

?inoeooo ?aa?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue Iaoe?iiaeueii? Aeaaeai?? Iaoe
Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e ?aa?iiaeueii? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee oa
oa?eoi??aeueiiai oi?aae?iiy (i. Euea?a)

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “20” n?/iy 2000 ?. i 1000 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.160.01 ?aaee ii aea/aiith
i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252032, i. Ee?a,
aoeueaa? O.Oaa/aiea, 60.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?aaee ii aea/aiith
i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252032, i Ee?a,
aoeueaa? O.Uaa/aiea, 60.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “16” a?oaeiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
N.?. Aaiaeo?

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. No/ania aeiiii?ea Oe?a?ie ia?aaoaa?
o ia?ao?aei?e oac? naiai ?icaeoeo aei iiai? iiaeae? ainiiaea?thaaiiy oa
nenoaie nioe?aeueieo a?aeiinei ? oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ye iiceoeaieie
iciaeaie, oae ? iaaaoeaieie yaeuaie. Oeae i?ioean ?aea noia?a/eeai ?
iaiine?aeiaii, ui iaaiith i??ith iiynith?oueny iaaeinoaoi?noth
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ieo ?ic?iaie ? iaaeineiiae?noth i?aeoe/ieo
iaoai?ci?a uiaei oiia ia?ao?aeiiai aoaio nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo
o?ainoi?iaoe?e. O ca’yceo c oeei iineeth?oueny cia/aiiy iaoeiaeo
iaa?oiooaaiue a oai?aoe/iiio ? iaoiaeieia?/iiio aniaeoao i?iaeai,
iia’ycaieo c ?icaoaeiaith aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie oa ?? ?aa?ii?a ia ?eieiaeo
canaaeao, iaoai?ci?a caaacia/aiiy c?inoaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino?, noaeiai
aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo ?aa?ii?a. Ca nai?i oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/iei ?
i?aeoe/iei ci?noii oey iaoeiaa i?iaeaia ? iiaith, aaaaoianiaeoiith ?
caaaeueiinenoaiiith.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeai ?aa?iiaeueiiai aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo oa
?ici?uaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee caaaeaee i?eaa?oaei oaaao a/aieo. A Oe?a?i?
noi?ioaaeany ? aeoeaii i?aoeth? iaoeiaa oeiea c i?iaeai ?aa?iiaeueii?
aeiiii?ee. Iaoeia? aeine?aeaeaiiy I.Aeeiiaa, N.Aei?iaoioeiaa,
I.Aeie?oiueiai, I.Ai?uaanueeiai, A.Aaeoey, A.Aan?ae?ia, N.Aaiaeo?a,
Ae.Aiaei?, I.Aeanthea, A.E?aaiiai?, ?.Eoe?iiaa, A.Ii?e??iea,
I.Iaeaia?/oea, A.Iaeaia?/oea, N.Ie?iaeeiaa, A.Ieee, A.Iiiiae?ia,
Ae.Noa/aiei, E.*a?ithe, I.*oia/aiea, A.*ooia, I.Oauaanueeiai,
A.Oaaei?euaai?, A.Ooiiiaa oa ?io. aianee cia/iee aeeaae o ?icaeoie
iaoeiai? aeoiee c ieoaiue oai??? oa iaoiaeieia?? ?ici?uaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaieo nee ? aeiiii?ee ?aa?ii?a.

Ia no/aniiio aoai? aeieeea iaiao?aei?noue iiaeaeueoiai iiaeeaeaiiy
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ieo canaae oa ?ic?iaee i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e,
ni?yiiaaieo ia iaa?oiooaaiiy iiaeo i?aeoiae?a aei ioe?iee ?icaeoeo
aeiiii?ee ?aa?ii?a oa iaoai?ci?a eiai ?aaoethaaiiy a oiiaao
caaaeueiinenoaiieo oa ?eieiaeo o?ainoi?iaoe?e. Oe? aniaeoe aeiiii?/ii?
iaoee ciaoiaeyoueny ia ii/aoeiaiio aoai?, oiio ? iaaaeueia iio?aaa
eiioeaiooaeueii-oe?e?niiai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeiiii?ee
?aa?ii?a.

Ia iao iiaeyae, naia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeiiii?ee ?aa?ii?a
ne?ae aaaaeaoe iaeiei ?c iiaeo iai?yi?a, ye? ?icaeaathoue caeeaaeai?
?ai?oa iaoeiaith oeieith oe?a?inueeeo a/aieo iniiae oai??? oa
iaoiaeieia?? aea/aiiy ?aa?iiaeueieo aeiiii?/ieo i?iaeai.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. A iniiao
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iieeaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue,
i?iaaaeaieo aaoi?ii a ?aieao iai?yi?a iaoeiaeo ?ic?iaie ?aaee ii
aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie. Oaia aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith ieaio iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o
?AIN Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie.

Ie?ai? ?icae?ee aeena?oaoe?? aeeiioaaeeny aaoi?ii ye eiieo?ni? ?iaioe a
neeaae? oai?/eo eieaeoea?a Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai aeiiii?/iiai ?inoeoooo
I?i?noa?noaa aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae a Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiio
?inoeooo? nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy i?ioyaii 1995-1998 ??.,
iniiaieie c yeeo ?:

1. ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee ia/eneaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? a ie?aieo aaeocyo
i?iieneiaino? ? eai?oaeueiiio aoae?aieoeoa? ia i?eioeeiao, i?eeiyoeo a
i?aeia?iaei?e i?aeoeoe? (1995?., ?01944027250);

2. Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? i?eioeeie oa i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaia?
iaoai?c-ie oi?ioaaiiy ?eieo i?aoe? a oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee (1995?.,
?019U027251);

3. ?ac?aaioaoue ainoaea?noaaiii-?aaeiiaeueioth nenoaio oi?aaeaiey,
ei-oi?iaoeeiiiiai iaania/aiey e iiaeaee?iaaiey i?ioeannia nioeeaeueiie
caueou ianaeaiey a oneiaeyo iiauo oi?i i?aaiecaoeee aioo?aiiaai ?uiea,
oe?ieiai o/anoey ?anioaeeee a iaaeaeoia?iaeiii ?acaeaeaiee o?oaea
(1993-1996??., ?0196U015872);

4. Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? iniiae a?aeoai?aiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo oa
oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio iioeaaoe?? aei i?aoe? a noa?? AIE (1997?.,
?0197U008520);

5. Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? iane?aeee cae?eniaiiy aioeiiiiiieueii?
iie?oeee, ?ic?iaea i?iiiceoe?e ni?yiiaaieo ia ?o iiaeieaiiy 1995-1997
??. (1997?., ?0196U0015860);

6. ?ic?iaea i?ia?aie oi?ioaaiiy oa aeei?enoaiiy ?iai/i? neee
*i?iiaeeuenueeiai ae?iaie/iai eiiieaeno a?aeiia?aeii oiia eiai
o?iainoaaiiy oa aeiia ?aae?iaeieia?/ii? aaciaee ia ia??iae aei 2005?.
(1997?., ?0197U012621);

7. I?iiiceoe?? ii aaeineiiaeaiith nenoaie oi?aae?iiy *i?iiaeeuenueeei
ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueeei eiiieaenii cii a?ae/oaeaiiy ? aacoiiaiiai
(iaia’yceiaiai) a?aenaeaiiy (1998?., ?0197U012621).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?ic?iaea
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ieo, iaoiaee/ieo ? i?aeoe/ieo iniia ioe?iee
i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeiiii?ee ?aa?ii?a, aecia/aiiy aieeao iaea?eueo aaaiieo
oaeoi??a ia ?? aeeiai?eo oa ??aaiue, i?iaiic ci?i i?iaeoeoeaiino? ?
iaa?oiooaaiiy no?aoaa?e ?iiiaaoe?eii? iie?oeee, iaoai?cio oi?aae?iiy
i?iaeoeoeai?noth aeiiii?ee ia iae?i- ? ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??aiyo.

Aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe coiiaeei iaiao?aei?noue iinoaiiaee oa ?ica’ycaiiy
oaeeo caaaeaiue:

· ia iniia? iiaeo oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ieo i?aeoiae?a
aecia/eoe nooi?noue eaoaai??e i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeiiii?ee oa ?oi? i?noea a
nenoai? eaoaai??e aoaeoeaiino? aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy a ?eieiaeo oiiaao;

· iaa?oiooaaoe iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei ioe?iee i?iaeoeoeaiino?
aeiiii?ee ia iae?i- oa ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??aiyo;

· aecia/eoe oaeoi?e i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeiiii?ee oa cae?enieoe ?o
eeaneo?eaoe?eia oa?oioaaiiy noiniaii ?aa?iiaeueieo oiia ? ?eieiaeo
o?ainoi?iaoe?e;

· iaa?oiooaaoe nenoaio iieaciee?a noeoiii? oa oaeoi?ii?
i?iaeoeoea-iino?: i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe?, i?iaeoeoeaiino? eai?oaeo,
i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?e?iaeii-?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ?
iae?i ??aiyo;

· aecia/eoe iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei oaeoi?iiai aiae?co ??aiy oa
aeeiai?ee noeoiii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?, i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe?, eai?oaeo,
i?e?iaeii-?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo ?aa?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee;

· aeeiiaoe aiae?c oa eiiieaenio ioe?ieo noeoiii? ? oaeoi?ii?
i?iaeoe-oeaiino?, aecia/eoe iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino?
aeiiii?ee ?aa?ii?a Oe?a?ie;

· iaa?oiooaaoe i?iaiici? oaiaeaioe?? noeoiii? ? oaeoi?ii?
i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeiiii?ee ii ?aa?iiao Oe?a?ie;

· aecia/eoe i??i?eoaoi?noue no?aoaa?? ?iiiaaoe?eii? iie?oeee,
ni?yiiaaio ia ci?io aaeoi?o caaaeueiiai ?icaeoeo ? c?inoaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeiiii?ee ?aa?ii?a;

· ?ic?iaeoe iaoai?ci oi?aae?iiy i?iaeoeoeai?noth aeiiii?ee ia iae?i- ?
?aa?iiaeueiiio ??aiyo.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui aiie
io?eiai? ia iniia? nenoaiiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie i?iaeoeoeaiino?
aeiiii?-ee Oe?a?ie ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio oa iae?i??aiyo, yea iaa?oioiao?
iaoeiao ?aeath i?i i?eoaiaii?noue eaoaai??? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ?eieia?e
aeiiii?oe?. Iaea?eueo nooo?a? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye? i?noyoue
iaoeiao iiaecio iieyaathoue a ianooiiiio:

· aecia/aii eiioeaiooaeueii eaoaai??th i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeiiii?ee, ??
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/io nooi?noue, iaa?oioiaaii ?? nenoaiiee ci?no oa
ca’ycie c eaoaai???th aoaeoeaiino? aeiiii?ee;

· ?ic?iaeaii oe?e?nio oai?aoe/io eiioeaioe?th noai?aeeia?iiai ca’yceo
i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeiiii?ee ??cieo ??ai?a ? eaoaai??e, ui aca?iiae?thoue
oa aieeaathoue ia oi?ioaaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? ii oacao aeiiii?/iiai
a?aeoai?aiiy;

· cai?iiiiiaaii iiaeaeue aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei o aeaeyae? «iiey
a?aeii-nei», a ye?e eiaeia ?c neeaaeiaeo, ui ooieoe?iio? o iaaeao iiey,
iana iaaio aeioiaeiooai?thaaeueio ooieoe?th o oi?ioaaii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?
iae?i- ? ?aa?iiaeueiiai ??ai?a;

· aecia/aii oa iaa?oioiaaii nenoaio iieaciee?a i?iaeoeoeaiino?
aeiiii?ee, yea aea? ciiao eiiieaenii ioe?ieoe ?? ??aaiue ia iae?i- oa
?aa?iiaeueiiio ??aiyo, aecia/eoe aieea oaeoi??a, ye? iaoiiaeththoue ??
ci?ie a ?eieiaeo oiiaao;

· ?ic?iaeaii nenoaiio eeaneo?eaoe?th iieaciee?a ?ano?nieo iioaioe?ae?a
?aa?ii?a;

· ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeieia?th oaeoi?iiai aiae?co i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeiiii?ee
a ?eieiaeo oiiaao, yea a?oioo?oueny ia ii?aeiaii? caaaeueii? oai???
c?inoaiiy c oai???th ??aiyiiy oaeoi??a ae?iaieoeoaa, ?o a?aie/ii?
i?iaeoeoeaiino? o caaacia/aii? aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy;

· aia?oa i?iaeoeoeai?noue aeiiii?ee ?aa?ii?a ?icaeyaea?oueny eiiieaenii
ia canaaeao nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo o aca?iica’yceo oaeoi??a-?ano?n?a:
i?aoe?, eai?oaeo, i?e?iaeii-?ano?nieo iioaioe?ae?a, iaoa??aeueieo
aeo?ao;

· ?ic?iaeaii iiao eeaneo?eaoe?th oaeoi??a c?inoaiiy noeoiii?
i?iaeoeoea-iino? aeiiii?ee ?aa?ii?a;

· anoaiiaeaii aeeiai?eo oa oaiaeaioe?? oi?ioaaiiy eai?oaeo ?aa?ii?a
Oe?a?ie, cae?eniaii no?oeoo?ii-oaeoi?io eiai ioe?ieo oa ?ici?uaiiy ii
?aa?iiao. Aia?oa eai?oaeiooai?aiiy ?icaeyaea?oueny a aniaeo? aeaea?ae oa
iniaeeainoae, i?eoaiaiieo ?eieia?e aeiiii?oe?;

· aecia/aii oaiaeaioe?? eai?oaeiooai?aiiy ii ?aa?iiao, iia? i?ioeane oa
aeeni?iii?oe?? i?ae e?euee?noth ?iai/eo i?noeue ? ?iai/ith neeith,
eai?oaeica?i?i?noth;

· aeeiiaii aiae?oe/io oa i?iaiicio ioe?iee oaiaeaioe?e i?iaeoeoeaiino?
aeiiii?ee ?aa?ii?a (noeoiii?, oaeoi?ii?), iaa?oioiaaii iaoai?cie
oi?aae?iiy i?iaeoeoeai?noth, aecia/aii ?iiiaaoe?ei? no?aoaa??
aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o
oiio, ui aiie noai?ththoue i?aea?oioy aeey ?icaeoeo iiaiai iai?yio a
oai?aoe/ieo ? i?eeeaaeieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo c i?iaeai i?iaeoeoeaiino?
aeiiii?ee ?aa?ii?a, iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoai?ci?a oi?aae?iiy oeei i?ioeanii a
?aa?iiao oeyoii aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy i?e?iaeii-?ano?niiai
iioaioe?aeo, ?icaeoeo ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei, aeoeaii?
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee; caeeaaeathoue iaoiaee/i? iniiae
eiiieaenii? ioe?iee aieeao ?aa?iiaeueieo oa caaaeueiiaea?aeaaieo
oaeoi??a ? aaaeae?a c?inoaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? ?aa?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee:
i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe?, eai?oaeo, i?e?iaeii-?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo,
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oiia, i?iaiicoaaiiy iiaeeeaeo oaiaeaioe?e oa
iaa?oiooaaiiy i??i?eoaoieo no?aoaa?e aeiiii?ee ?aa?ii?a ia eiieo?aioieo
?eieao. I?aeoe/io oe?ii?noue iathoue ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ?ic?iaee
?iaanoeoe?eii? oa ?iiiaaoe?eii? iie?oeee caaacia/aiiy c?inoaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaiino? ?aa?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e aaeineiiaeaii?
?aa?iiaeueii? iie?oeee, ?ic?iaoe? no?aoaa?? ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?icaeoeo,
aecia/aiiy i??i?eoao?a i?e ?ic?iaoe? ?aa?iiaeueieo i?ia?ai no?oeoo?ii?
ia?aaoaeiae, ?iiiaaoe?eii? iie?oeee.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue cae?enithaaeinue oeyoii
?ic?iaee i?iiiceoe?e a i?ioean? aeeiiaiiy eiieo?nieo iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo
?ia?o a Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiio aeiiii?/iiio ?inoeooo? I?i?noa?noaa
aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie (aeia?aeea 8/260 a?ae 15.04.99?.),
Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy
(aeia?aeea 4/3 a?ae 20.04.99?.). ?yae iieiaeaiue c ieoaiue oai???,
iaoiaeieia?? oa i?aeoeee aeei?enoiao?oueny a i?ia?aiao iaa/aeueieo
aeenoeeie?i «Iaiaaeaeiaio o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a», «?iiiaaoe?eiee
iaiaaeaeiaio», «Oi?aae?iiy aoaeoeai?noth o??i», «Oi?aae?iiy
eiieo?aioi-ni?iiiaei?noth i?aei?e?inoa», «Oi?aae?iiy i?iaeoeoeai?noth
eai?oaea», ui aeeeaaeathoueny aaoi?ii a Oe?a?inueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
oi?aa?neoao? oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e (aeo ?01-325 a?ae 04.10.99 ?.).
I?aeoe/ia ?aae?caoe?y aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?eniaia a iaa/aeueieo eo?nao
Ee?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo aoae?aieoeoaa ?
a?o?oaeoo?e (aeia?aeea 4/3 a?ae 14.05.99?.). Iaoeia? ?aea? c ieoaiue
i?iaeoeoeaiino? ae?noathoue a aeine?aeaeaiiyo caeiaoaa/?a nooiaiy
eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, ye? aeeiiothoueny i?ae ea??aieoeoaii
aaoi?a.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? o oiio, ui eiio iaeaaeaoue
aeeeaaeai? a aeenapoaoe?? iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy:

· picpiaea oaipaoe/ieo ? iaoiaeieia?/ieo iniia ipiaeoeoeaiino? aeiiii?ee
paa?ii?a;

· aecia/aiiy oaipaoeei-iaoiaeieia?/iiai ci?noo eaoaaip??
ipiaeoeoea-iino? aeiiii?ee uiaei aoaeoeaiino? peieiaeo a?aeiinei ?
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo;

· aecia/aiiy eaoaaip?e “noeoiia ipiaeoeoeai?noue aeiiii?ee paa?iio”,
“oaeoipia ipiaeoeoeai?noue aeiiii?ee paa?iio”;

· picpiaea nenoaie iieaciee?a ipiaeoeoeaiino? aeiiii?ee paa?iio:
noeoiii? oa oaeoipii? (ipaoe?, eai?oaeo, i?e?iaeii-?ano?niiai
iioaioe?aeo);

· picpiaea eeaneo?eaoe?eeo oapoioaaiue iioaioe?ae?a paa?iio
(aeiii-i?/iiai, ?iaanoeoe?eiiai, i?aepaa?iiaeueieo oa ciai?oi?o
ca’yce?a, iioaioe?aeo nioe?aeueiiai picaeoeo oa paeoeiao);

· picpiaea iaoiaee/ieo iniia oaeoipiiai aiae?co ipiaeoeoeaiino?
aeiiii?ee paa?ii?a (oaeoip?a ipiaeoeoeaiino? ipaoe?, eai?oaeo, panopnieo
iioaioe?ae?a);

· aiae?c aeiiii?ei-panopnieo iioaioe?ae?a oa ipiaeoeoeaiino? ?o
aeeipe-noaiiy a paa?iiao, ioe?iea aeeiai?ee noeoiii? oa oaeoipii?
i?iaeoeoeaiino?;

· picpiaea ipiaiico oaiaeaioe?e aeeiai?ee ipiaeoeoeaiino? aeiiii?ee
paa?ii?a (noeoiii?, oaeoipii?) aei 2010 p., 2020 p.;

· picpiaea ?iiiaaoe?eieo nopaoaa?e oa i??i?eoao?a, nipyiiaaieo ia
cpinoaiiy ipiaeoeoeaiino? aeiiii?ee ?aa?ii?a;

· picpiaea iaoai?cio oipaae?iiy i?iaeoeoeai?noth aeiiii?ee ia iaepi-
oa paa?iiaeueiiio p?aiyo.

Aipiaaoe?y pacoeueoao?a aeenapoaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe oa ?aea?
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiia?aeaeeny ia i?aeiapiaei?e eiioapaioe?? “Opoaeiaee
iioaioe?ae Oepa?ie ? eiai paae?caoe?y a oiiaao picaoaeiae iaoe?iiaeueii?
aeiiii?ee“ (Euea?a.1997); ia can?aeaii? “Epoaeiai noieo” c ipiaeai
aioeiiiiiieueiiai paaoethaaiiy paa?iiaeueieo peie?a (Ee?a,1997) ia
iaoeiai-ipaeoe/iiio nai?iap? “O?iainiaee iaoai?ci iiaeaoeiaiai
paaoethaaiiy” (Ee?a.1999) oa ?io.

Ioae?eaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ca pacoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiiy
c oaie aeenapoaoe?eii? piaioe iioae?eiaaii 30 pia?o, a oiio /ene? 1
?iaeea?aeoaeueia iiiiapao?y, 4 eieaeoeaieo, 25 noaoae o iaoeiaeo
aeopiaeao ? ca?pieeao iaoeiaeo ipaoeue, oace aeiiia?aeae, ui
a?aeia?aaeathoue iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe??.

Nopoeoopa oa ianya aeenapoaoe??. ?iaioo aeeeaaeaii ia 393 noip?ieao
eiii’thoa?iiai oaenoo, i?noeoue 72 oaaeeoe?, noaie ? ?enoie?a.
Neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, oanoe picae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeeipenoaieo
iaoeiaeo oa ?ioeo ?ioipiaoe?eieo aeaea?ae, ui iapaoiao? 217
iaeiaioaaiue, aeiaeaoe?a.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe?EIIAI AeINE?AeAEAIIss

O aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii? aena?oeththoueny iia? oai?aoe/i?,
iaoiaeieia?/i? ? i?aeoe/i? aniaeoe i?iaeoeoeaiino? ?aa?iiaeueii?
aeiiii?ee, a oaeiae iai?yie ?? i?aeaeuaiiy ? iaoai?cie ?aaoethaaiiy.

?icae?e ?. Oai?aoe/i? iniiae i?iaeoeoeaiino? ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee

O?ainoi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie noni?euenoaa, ia?ao?ae aei ?eieiaeo
a?aeiinei coiiaeth? iaiao?aei?noue a?aei?aoethaaiiy iiaeo
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ieo i?aeoiae?a oa ia?aioe?ieo o?aaeeoe?eieo
iiaeyae?a ca oeeo oiia ia aca?iiae?th ? ci?noiai?noue aeiiii?/ieo
eaoaai??e, ye? ?o a?aeaeaathoue. Aaoi? aeoiaeeoue c oiai iieiaeaiiy, ui
ci?ie o ae?iaie/eo a?aeiineiao a?aeaoaathoueny o iai?yi? c oi?ioaaiiy
?eieiaeo a?aeiinei, iaai? oai?aoe/i? i?aeaaeeie yeeo aacothoueny ia
aeiiii?/ieo oai??yo eai?oae?noe/iiai ainiiaea?noaa. ?nioaaaoee ?ai?oa
aiaei?icae?e i?ae oai???th aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei nioe?ae?cio ? oai???th
aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei eai?oae?cio ia no/aniiio aoai? oi?ioaaiiy iiai?
nioe?aeueii? nenoaie oa ?? ia?ao?aeii? oace coiiaeth? aecia/aiiy ?
aiae?c eaoaai??e, aeanoeaeo, ye aeiiii?oe? ?eieiaiai oeio, oae ?
ieaiiai-aaei?i?no?aoeai?e aeiiii?oe?, a?aooaaiiy ?o i?iyao a oiiaao
o?ainoi?iaoe?eieo nenoaiieo ci?i. Oea oe?eeii a?aeiineoueny ? aei
eaoaai??e, iia’ycaieo c i?iaeoeoeai?noth oa caeiiaie ?o i?iyao. C
oeueiai aeieeaa? ia?oa i?eioeeiiaa oiiaa oai?aoe/iiai i?aeoiaeo aei
i?iaeoeoeaiino? — ?icaeyae ?? ia i?aenoaa? ?eieiai? eiioeaioe?? c
a?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae ia?ao?aeiiai aoaio.

Ia aeoieo aaoi?a aeey ?icoi?iiy nooiino? ? ci?noo i?iaeoeoeaiino?
aeiiii?ee ia i?aenoaa? ?eieiai? eiioeaioe?? ne?ae aeoiaeeoe c aecia/aiiy
noai?aeeia?iiai ca’yceo aeiiii?/ieo eaoaai??e, ye? aaciina?aaeiuei ?
iiina?aaeeiaaii iia’ycai? c oe??th eaoaai???th ia ??cieo ??aiyo ??
oi?ioaaiiy. Naia oiio aaoi?ii i?iiiio?oueny noaia noai?aeeia?iiai
ca’yceo aeiiii?/ieo eaoaai??e i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeiiii?ee ia
caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiio ? ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??aiyo (noaia 1).

Ca?aeii c oe??th noaiith i?iaeoeoeai?noue aeiiii?ee ?icaeyaea?oueny ye
eaoaai??y ia?oiai ii?yaeeo, ui ? aeo?aeiith aeey eaoaai??? «aeiiii?/ia
aoaeoeai?noue». Eaoaai???th i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeiiii?ee ae?oaiai ii?yaeeo
iiaeia iacaaoe oaeoi?io i?iaeoeoeai?noue. Aiia ao?eth? a nia? eaoaai???
i?iaeoeoeaiino? o?aoueiai ii?yaeeo ? yaey? niaith oae caai? /anoeia?
eaoaai???, eiaeia c yeeo ao?eth? a nia? a?aeiineie i?aai?caoe?eii?,
?ano?nii?, oi?aae?inueei? ae?yeueiino? ye eaoaai??? ia?aeiiiai ii?yaeeo.

Ae?oaee oai?aoe/iee aeniiaie aaoi?a aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui
i?iaeoeoeai?noue aeiiii?ee — oea nenoaiia iiiyooy, a oiio ia? iiaea?eio
i?e?iaeo. Ia?oa — oa?aeoa?eco? ?? iaoa??aeueio nooi?noue ye aoaeo
?ano?niaeei?enoaiiy, aea ia a?aeaeaa? i?e oeueiio nioe?aeueieo iciae.
Ae?oaa nooi?noue iieyaa? a oiio, ui aiia ? iin??i
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei ? oa?aeoa?eco? ?o aoaeoeai?noue.
Aeiaea?aeoth/enue iiaeyaeo iiaea?eii? i?e?iaee oe??? eaoaai???, aaoi?
a?aeaea? i??i?eoaoi?noue ?? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i?e nooiino?. O oe?ieiio
oai?aoe/iiio ?icoi?ii? aaoi? ?icaeyaea? i?iaeoeoeai?noue aeiiii?ee ye
iaaio nenoaiio eaoaai??th, ui a?aeaeaa? aoaeoeai?noue
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei noiniaii aeei?enoaiiy oaeoi??a oa oiia
noni?eueiiai a?aeoai?aiiy. Oae?e i?aeo?ae ia a?aeeeaea? ?icaeyae oe?a?
eaoaai??? a a?eueo caoaeaiiio ?icoi?ii?, c iiceoe?? no/anii? ?eieiai?
oai???, yea aeoiaeeoue c eiioeaioe?? ??aiyiiy oaeoi??a ae?iaieoeoaa,
?oiuei? a?aie/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?.

I?iaeoeoeai?noue aeiiii?ee ye eaoaai??y ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei ? /eiieeii,
ui oa?aeoa?eco? aoaeoeai?noue ?aa?iiaeueiiai iiae?eo i?aoe? ? ?ici?uaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaieo nee. Oiio ?? ?icaeyae ia?aaeaa/a? eiie?aoia oa?eoi??aeueia
na?aaeiaeua, a yeiio a?aeaoaathoueny nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i?
a?aeoai?thaaeuei? i?ioeane. Oea aea? i?aenoaae aeey o?aoueiai
oai?aoe/iiai aeniiaeo: i?iaeoeoeai?noue aeiiii?ee ia? i?inoi?iao
nooi?noue.

No/ani? oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo ?aa?ii?a (iaeanoae) a?aeaeaathoue
caaaeueii-nenoaii? ci?ie a aea?aeaa?, a naia: ia?ao?ae aei ?eieiaeo
a?aeiinei oa oi?ioaaiiy oiaa?iiai ainiiaea?noaa, iinooiiaa iiaeieaiiy
aeiiii?/ii? e?ece oa ?? ia?aaeoiia, ?icaeoie iiaeo i?ioean?a, iia’ycaieo
c iiaeaeueoei iiae?eii i?aoe?, no?oeoo?ieie c?ooaiiyie, cai?iaaaeaeaiiyi
iiai? caaaeueiiaea?aeaaii? aeiiii?/ii? oa nioe?aeueii? iie?oeee. O
i?ioean? ?icaeoeo ?aa?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee oi?iothoueny iia? oiiae
ainiiaea?thaaiiy, a?eueo iiaieie noathoue ooieoe?? ?aa?iiaeueiiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy, ?icoe?ththoueny iiaeeeaino? ?aa?ii?a o nenoai?
i?ae?aa?iiaeueieo ca’yce?a ? a?aeiinei, aecia/athoueny iia? i??i?eoaoe a
caaacia/aii? ii?aeiaiiy caaaeueiiaea?aeaaieo ? ?aa?iiaeueieo ?ioa?an?a.

?aa?iie (iaeano?) Oe?a?ie oa?aeoa?ecothoueny cia/ieie a?aei?iiinoyie ca
nai?i i?e?iaeii-?ano?nieie iioaioe?aeaie, no?oeoo?ith aeiiii?ee, noaiii
nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo, ?inoeoooe?iiaeueieie ci?iaie o iai?yieo
oi?ioaaiiy noa’?eo?a ?eieo. C noia?iiai i?e?iaeii-?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo
iaea?eueoa /anoea i?eiaaea? ia Aeiiaoeueeo (12,3%), Aei?i?iiao?ianueeo
(10,9%), Eoaainueeo (8,8%) iaeano?. Iaeiaioo /anoeo eiai iathoue
*a?i?aaoeueea (1,3%), Aieeinueea (1,7%) oa ??aiainueea (1,8%) iaeano?. A
oie aea /an no?oeoo?iee neeaae i?e?iaeii-?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo ii
iaeanoyo nooo?ai a?ae??ciy?oueny. ?ica?aeiino? a?aei?/athoueny oaeiae ca
noaiii aeaiia?ao?/iiai iioaioe?aeo, ??aiai o?aai?caoe??, ina?oiino?,
caeiyoino?, ?icaeoeo i?iieneiaino?, ?? aaeocaai? no?oeoo?e, ?icaeoeo
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa, ?io?ano?oeoo?e ?eieo, iaeiai a?ciano,
?iaanooaaiiy a aeiiii?eo ? nioe?aeueio noa?o. Aiae?c noaio aeiiii?ee
?aa?ii?a na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui aiie iathoue cia/i? iioaioe?ei?
iiaeeeaino? aei aeniei? i?iaeoeoeaiino?, aea ia iathoue iaiao?aeieo
?icaeiooeo iaoai?ci?a oa ii?iaoea?a ? ?ino?oiaio?a aoaeoeaiiai ?o
aeei?enoaiiy a iiaeo ?eieiaeo oiiaao.

?icae?e ??. Nenoaia iieaciee?a ipiaeoeoeaiino? aeiiii?ee ia iaepi oa
paa?iiaeueiiio p?aiyo

Nenoaia cai?iiiiiaaieo a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? iieaciee?a
i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeiiii?ee iiaoaeiaaia ia iaoiaeieia?? iaoe?iiaeueieo
?aooie?a, a?aeiia?aeii aei iaoiaeeee III, yea aaco?oueny ia oai???
??aiyiiy oaeoi??a ae?iaieoeoaa, aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy, oai??? a?aie/ii?
i?iaeoeoeaiino?. Oeae i?aeo?ae aeicaiey? aecia/aoe i?iaeoeoeai?noue ia
??ai? aaeocae, naeoi??a aeiiii?ee, ?aa?ii?a, ??cieo oi?i aeaniino?. A
oiiaao ia?ao?aeiiai noaio aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie, ii?yae c iiaeie
iieacieeaie i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeiiii?ee ?niothoue ? iathoue iaaio
aeioe?euei?noue iieacieee oae caaii? /anoeiai? (oaeoi?ii?)
i?iaeoeoeaiino?, ye? iiaoaeiaai? ca noa?ith iaoiaeieia??th.

A aeena?oaoe?? iaa?oioiao?oueny nenoaia iieaciee?a i?iaeoeoeaiino?,
yea neeaaea?oueny c /anoeiaeo ?ano?nieo iieaciee?a: i?iaeoeoeaiino?
i?aoe?, i?iaeoeoeaiino? eai?oaeo, i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?e?iaeii-?ano?niiai
iioaioe?aeo, a oaeiae ocaaaeueithth/iai iieacieea noeoiii?
i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeiiii?ee ?aa?iio.

I?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe? o iaoiaeieia?/iiio ? i?aeoe/iiio aniaeoao ia?
naiino?eia cia/aiiy ? a oeueiio aeine?aeaeaii? ?icaeyaea?oueny o aeaio
ieiueiao: ye iieaciee noeoiii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeiiii?ee ?aa?iio ? o
nenoai? iieaciee?a i?iaeoeoeaiino? oaeoi??a — ?ano?n?a, ui aieeaathoue
ia caaaeueiee iieaciee noeoiii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeiiii?ee ?
i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe? a ?aa?ii?. sse nenoaio iieaciee?a i?iaeoeoeaiino?
i?aoe? ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny aeei?enoiaoaaoe e?euee?ni? ? ye?ni?
oa?aeoa?enoeee aeo?ao i?aoe? oa ?? ?acoeueoao?a. Aaoi? i?iiiio?
iieacieee i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe? aacoaaoe ia aeo?aoao i?aoe?
(a?aei?aoeueiaaiee /an) oa aeo?aoao ?iai/i? neee (/enaeuei?noue caeiyoeo
a aeiiii?oe?, na?aaeiueinieneiaa /enaeuei?noue ?ia?oiee?a). Ia
?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai? iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy iaaoaathoue oae? iieacieee ye
caeiyo?noue, a?aei?aoeueiaaiee /an, noaoaai-a?eiaa no?oeoo?a
i?aoe?aiee?a, ?oiy ina?oa.

Iaa?oiooaaiiy nenoaie iieaciee?a i?iaeoeoeaiino? eai?oaeo o?nii
iia’ycai? c oi?ioaaiiyi oa ooieoe?iioaaiiyi eai?oaeo ca eiai
no?oeoo?ith, oi?iaie aeaniino? ? ??aiai ?ioaineaiino? ?aa?iiaeueiiai
iaeiie/aiiy. I?iiiio?oueny aeei?enoiaoaaoe nenoaio iieaciee?a
i?iaeoeoeaiino? eai?oaeo ia iae?i-, i?e?i- oa ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??aiyo o
aeaeyae? aeaio oa?oioaaiue, ua aoiaeyoue a oeth nenoaio. Iaeia c ieo —
oea iieacieee i?iaeoeoeaiino? eai?oaeo, ye? a?aeaeaathoue ?iaanoeoe?ei?
aeo?aoe ia noai?aiiy oa a?aeoai?aiiy eai?oaeo, ye oaeoi?a-?ano?na
ae?iaieoeoaa. Ae?oaa a?oia iieaciee?a ia’?aeio? iieacieee eai?oaeueieo
eiao?oe??io?a ? aa?oino? ?ano?n?a.

Nenoaio iieaciee?a i?iaeoeoeaiino? eai?oaeo aeiiii?ee ?aa?iio
i?iiiio?oueny ?iciiae?eyoe ia e?euee?ni? ? ye?ni? iieacieee: eai?oaeo —
ye ?ano?no, ui ? ia?aaeoiiaith a?aeoai?thaaeueiiai i?ioeano, oa a?oio
iieaciee?a, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue aieea ?ano?n?a ye oaeoi??a ae?iaieoeoaa
ia eiai i?iaeoeoeai?noue. Oaeee i?aeo?ae ia? iniaeeaa cia/aiiy aeey
i?iaaaeaiiy ?aa?iiaeueieo ioe?iie ?ano?nieo iioaioe?ae?a aeiiii?ee oa
ni?anoaaeaiue ?aa?iiaeueieo iioaioe?ae?a, ?aa?iiaeueieo ??ai?a
i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeiiii?ee, iaea?aeaii? ca ?aooiie a?aeiia?aeieo
?ano?n?a.

Aeey ioe?iee i?iaeoeoeaiino? ?aa?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee i?iiiio?oueny
aeei?enoiaoaaoe iieacieee /anoeiai? (oaeoi?ii?) oa noeoiii?
i?iaeoeoeaiino?. Oe? iieacieee aeioe?eueii aeiiiaithaaoe iieacieeaie
aeei?enoaiiy ?aa?iiaeueieo oaeoi??a ae?iaieoeoaa, i?e?iaeieo oa
ethaenueeeo ?ano?n?a. Aiie yaeythoue niaith ye oaeoi?i? iieacieee
?aa?iiaeueii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? (i?aoe?, eai?oaeo), oae ? noeoiii?
i?iaeoeoeaiino? ?aa?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee a oe?eiio. Aeeiai?ea ? ??aaiue
noeoiii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ii?yae c i?iaeoeoeai?noth oaeoi?iith cia/iith
i??ith caeaaeeoue a?ae ?oiueiai no?oeoo?iiai neeaaeo.

I?iiiio?oueny aecia/aiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeiiii?ee ?aa?ii?a aacoaaoe ia
a?aeiioaii? ae?iaeaiiai aaeiaiai aioo??oiueiai i?iaeoeoo aei ??aiy
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo iioaioe?ae?a ?aa?ii?a, ia iniia? iiaoaeiae
?ioaa?aeueiiai iieacieea iioaioe?aeo ?aa?iio c aecia/aiiyi /anoeiaeo
iieaciee?a i?iaeoeoeaiino? ?ano?nii-a?aeoai?thaaeueieo iioaioe?ae?a
?aa?ii?a.

?icae?e ???. Iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae oaeoi?iiai aiae?co i?iaeoeoeaiino?
aeiiii?ee ?aa?iio

Ia?ao?ae aei ?eieiai? iiaeae? aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie iaoiiaeth? ?aeaieia?th
eiioeaioe?? eeaneo?eaoe?? oaeoi??a, ye? aeioe?eueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeey
ioe?iee i?iaeoeoeaiino? a ?aa?iiao, iia’ycai? c? ci?iaie i?aoe?,
?ano?n?a oa na?aaeiaeua. I?iiiio?oueny noiniaii aei ?aa?iiaeueii?
aeiiii?ee a aiae?c? ci?i i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe? aeiaea?aeoaaoeny oaei?
eeaneo?eaoe?? oaeoi??a: caaaeueiiaeiiii?/ieo, ?aa?iiaeueieo oa
aaeocaaeo. O eiaeiiio c oeeo oa?oioaaiue aeioe?eueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe
aeiaeaoeiao eeaneo?eaoe?th ii i?aea?oiao oa caoiaeao, iiae?eyth/e ?o ia
iaoa??aeuei?, i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/i? oa nioe?aeuei? oaeoi?e.

A aeena?oaoe?? aeiaaaeaii, ui oaeoi?iee aiae?c i?iaeoeoeaiino? eai?oaeo
iiaeiai a?aeiia?aeaoe ia ieoaiiy, ye aca?iiae?? eai?oae c ?ioeie
oaeoi?aie ae?iaieoeoaa, a oaeiae a ye?e eiia?iaoe?? aiie ciaoiaeyoueny
i?ae niaith ? caaacia/othoue aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy. Caaaeuei?
oaeoi?e, ui aieeaathoue ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue eai?oaeo ?aa?iiaeueii?
aeiiii?ee, i?iiiio?oueny ?icaeyaeaoe ye oaeoi?e ciai?oiuei? ?
aioo??oiuei? ae??. Aei aioo??oi?o oaeoi??a i?iaeoeoeaiino? eai?oaeo ia
?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai? o?aaa a?aeiineoe ??aaiue oaoi?/ii? aeineiiaeino?
ae?iaieoeoaa, iiiaeaiiy iniiaieo oiiae?a ? ?iai/eo i?noeue, iaea?eueo
iiaia caaaioaaeaiiy ae?iaie/eo iiooaeiinoae. Aei aioo??oi?o oaeoi??a
a?aeiineoueny oi?aae?iiy caianaie, caaacia/aiiy aeiiii?? aia?a??,
ne?iaeie, iaoa??ae?a, nei?i/aiiy i?inoi?a iaeaaeiaiiy oa o?ainii?oieo
cania?a. Aei oaeoi??a ciai?oiuei? ae?? i?iaeoeoeaiino? eai?oaeo
aeiiii?ee ?aa?iio i?iiiio?oueny a?aeiineoe e?aaeeoii-o?iainiao iie?oeeo
aea?aeaae oa i?noeaaeo i?aai?a naiioi?aae?iiy, noai ia ?eieo oe?iieo
iaia??a ? oiiaeiaiio ?eieo, iiaeaoeiaa caeiiiaeaanoai, ?icaeoie
eiieo?aioe??, ??aaiue iiiiiie?cio, ??aaiue e?aa?ae?caoe?? aeiiii?ee,
noai ?eieo eai?oaeo, ?icaeoie ?inoeoooo aeaniino?, ?inoeoooe?iiaeuei?
ia?aoai?aiiy, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?iiiaaoe?e, aeioiaei?noue
eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiue oiui.

Ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue eai?oaeo aieeaa? oaeee oaeoi? ye
eai?oaeiica?i?i?noue i?aoe?aiee?a ? eai?oaeiiniauai?noue eiaeiiai
?iai/iai i?noey. I?iiiio?oueny oaeiae ie?aii aecia/aoe aieea oaeoi?o
ci?i a?eiai? no?oeoo?e, a?aeoai?aiiy iniiaiiai eai?oaeo, ?aa?iiaeueiee
oa aaeocaaee ?iciiae?e eai?oaeo, oaoiieia?/ia no?oeoo?a
eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiue.

Ci?ie o i?iaeoeoeaiino? eai?oaeo cia/iith i??ith caeaaeaoue a?ae,
iia’ycaieo c oaeoi?aie, oiia oi?ioaaiiy oa aeei?enoaiiy eai?oaeo. Aei
ieo a?aeiinyoueny: oiiae iaeiie/aiiy eai?oaeo (a?ioiaiai oa
iaoa??ae?ciaaiiai), eiioeaio?aoe?y oa no?oeoo?ecaoe?y eai?oaeo, ?eieia?
oiiae aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy iniiaiiai ? iai?ioiiai eai?oaeo, oaeoi?e
?aa?iiaeueiiai oa aaeocaaiai ?iciiae?eo eai?oae?a, oaeoi?e a?aeiiaeaiiy
eai?oaeo, oaeoi?e aeei?enoaiiy ? caa?aaeaiiy eai?oaeo. Aoaeoeai?noue
ae?? an?o oaeoi??a ia? i?iya o i?aeaeuaii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? eai?oaeo,
noeoiii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ?aa?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee.

?aa?iiaeuei? oaeoi?e i?iaeoeoeaiino? iathoue nai???aeio i?e?iaeo, yea
aeyaey?oueny, c iaeiiai aieo, ye ?acoeueoao aieeao caaaeueiiaea?aeaaii?
aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee oa iie?oeee uiaei ?icaeoeo ?aa?ii?a ? ?ici?uaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaieo nee. C ?ioiai — ?aa?iiaeuei? oaeoi?e i?iaeoeoeaiino?
iathoue i?iya /a?ac ?aa?iiaeuei? iioaioe?aee. C oeueiai aeieeaa?
aeniiaie, ui i?iaeoeoeai?noue ?aa?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee iaoiiaeth?oueny
ae??th oe?ei? nenoaie oaeoi??a ye iia’ycaieo i?ae niaith, oae ? c
caaaeueiiaea?aeaaieie, a oaeiae c oaeoi?aie ui oi?iothoue
i?iaeoeoeai?noue a aaeoc?, ia i?aei?e?inoa?, a ?inoeoooe?eieo naeoi?ao
aeiiii?ee.

A ?iaio? cai?iiiiiaaii eeaneo?eaoe?ei? iiaeae? oaeoi??a i?iaeoe-oeaiino?
iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee oa aeiiii?ee ?aa?ii?a, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue
aca-?iica’ycee oaeoi??a i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeiiii?ee ?aa?ii?a c? noaae?yie
oa oacaie a?aeoai?aiiy: ae?iaieoeoaii, ?iciiae?eii, iai?iii oa
niiaeeaaiiyi. Ine?eueee oe? oaeoi?i? ca’ycee aeeth/athoue aaeeeo
noeoii?noue a?aeiinei, a ?iaio? iaa?oioiao-?oueny nenoaia aa?aaiaaieo
oaeoi??a, ui ? iin?yie noeoiiino? aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei ia
?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai? (noaie 2, 3).

Aecia/a?oueny eeaneo?eaoe?eia oa?oioaaiiy oaeoi??a ci?i noeoiii?
i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeiiii?ee ?aa?ii?a ca ianooiieie a?oiaie:
caaaeueiiaea?aeaai? oaeoi?e, caaaeueii?aa?iiaeuei? oaeoi?e, ?aa?iiaeuei?
oaeoi?e, ui aieeaathoue ia c?inoaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe?, eai?oaeo oa
?i.; oaeoi?e, ui aieeaathoue ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?e?iaeii-?ano?niiai
iioaioe?aeo oa ?ici?uaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee. Aeiaae?caoe?y na?oiai?
aeiiii?ee oa oaiaeaioe?? ?? ?icaeoeo, aeiiii?/iee noai ia ?eieao
aieiaieo ?ano?n?a ? ??aaiue o?iainiai? noaa?eueiino? a?ae?a?athoue iaaio
?ieue o aeiiii?/i?e noaa?eueiino? oa c?inoaii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?. ?o aaoi?
a?aeiineoue aei caaaeueiiaea?aeaaieo oaeoi??a.

Iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aeoiaee aei oaeoi?iiai aiae?co i?iaeoeoeaiino?
aeiiii?ee a ?eieiaeo oiiaao aacothoueny ia oai??? aeiiii?/iiai
c?inoaiiy, oai??? iineoa oaeoi??a ae?iaieoeoaa, a?aie/ii?
i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe?, eai?oaeo, ?ioeo oaeoi??a. Ia iae?i??ai? aeey
oeueiai aeei?enoiao?oueny iaoiae ae?iaie/i? ooieoe??. *anoeiaa
(oaeoi?ia) i?iaeoeoeai?noue aecia/a?oueny /a?ac eiao?oe??ioe
i?iaeoeoeaiino?. A aeena?oaoe?? i?iiiiothoueny aeai?eoie ?ic?aooie?a
oaeoi?ii? ? noeoiii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?.

Aiae?c oaeoi??a, ui aieeaaee ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue ?aa?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee
o 1992-1996??., aeeiiaiee c canoinoaaiiyi iaoiaeo ?iaeaenii-iao?e/iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy na?ae/eoue, ui aiie oi?ioaaeeny a caeaaeiino? a?ae
aeei?enoaiiy oaeeo ?aa?iiaeueieo oaeoi??a, ye i?e?iaeii-?ano?niee
iioaioe?ae, noai aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo oa ?inoeoooe?iiaeuei? i?ioeane o
oi?iao aeaniino?. Aaaeeeaei ?aa?iiaeueiei oaeoi?ii aeyaeeiny a oe? ?iee
?ici?uaiiy aaeocae ii ?aa?iiao.

?icae?e IV. Aeiiii?ei-?ano?niee iioaioe?ae Oe?a?ie ia iae?i- oa
?aa?iiaeueiiio ??aiyo

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiii?ei-?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo Oe?a?ie ia iae?i- ?
?aa?iiaeueiiio ??aiyo a?aeiia?aeii aei iaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
?icaeyaea?oueny a aniaeoao oi?ioaaiiy aeaiio?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo oa
eiai aeei?enoaiiy a ?aa?iiao, aecia/aiiy ?aa?iiaeueieo i?ioean?a a
caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy oa no?oeoo?ii-oaeoi?iiai aiae?co oi?ioaaiiy
eai?oaeo aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie ? ?? ?aa?ii?a.

Aiae?c aeaiia?ao?/ieo i?ioean?a oi?ioaaiiy oa a?aeoai?aiiy o?oaeiaiai
iioaioe?aeo a Oe?a?i? ? ?? ?aa?iiao ca 1992-1997??. aeicaiey? c?iaeoe
aeniiaie, ui oeae ia??iae iiaeia oa?aeoa?ecoaaoe ye ia??iae aeeaiei?
nioe?aeueii-aeaiia?ao?/ii? e?ece. Aiia caii/aoeoaaeany o iiia?aaei?
?iee, aea ca?ac iaaoea caa?iceeaiai oa?aeoa?o. Oea, ianaiia?aae,
oiia?eueiaiiy ii?iaeueiiai a?aeoai?aiiy ianaeaiiy oa eiai no?oeoo?e a
oe?eiio. Ii-ae?oaa, neeaeany iani?eyoeeaa neooaoe?y aeey a?aeoai?aiiy
o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo. Ii-o?ao?, noi?ioaaany e?eoe/iee ??aaiue
aeiiii?/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ia i?aoeacaeaoia ianaeaiiy. O iiaeaeueoiio
c?inoaoeia /anoea i?iaeoeoeaiino?, yea aoaea iaiao?aeia aeey i?aeo?eiee
iai?aoeacaeaoieo a?eiaeo a?oi ianaeaiiy. Iniaeeai iai?oaeaia neooaoe?y
niinoa??aa?oueny c oe??? i?iaeaie o a?oiao n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy.
Iieaciee iaaaioaaeaiiy iai?aoeacaeaoieo ia i?aoeacaeaoia ianaeaiiy o 16
iaeanoyo ia?aaeuoaaa na?aaei?e ii e?a?i? a 1,4 ?ace. C?inoa? oaeiae
na?aaei?e a?e i?aoeacaeaoiiai ianaeaiiy.

Ca ??aiai aeaiio?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo ?aa?iie Oe?a?ie nooo?ai
a?ae??ciythoueny. Ca iieacieeaie /anoee ianaeaiiy ?aa?iio a caaaeuei?e
/enaeueiino? ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie eieeaaiiy neeaaea? 1:5. Oa?oioaaiiy
iaeanoae ii ?o /anooe? a caaaeuei?e /enaeueiino? ianaeaiiy aeicaiey?
aeae?eeoe ianooii? a?oie: aei 3% iathoue 10 iaeanoae; aei 6% — 5
iaeanoae; iiiaae 6% — ?io? iaeano? Oe?a?ie.

Ia i?aenoaa? aeeiiaiiai a aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeaiiy c?iaeai? aeniiaee,
ui no/ani? ? iaeaooi? aeaiia?ao?/i? oaeoi?e iani?eyoeea? aeey
a?aeoai?aiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo a on?o ?aa?iiao. C a?aooaaiiyi
nioe?aeueieo oiia, cieaeaiiy aeeoo?aiai ??aiy, ca?eueoaiiy /enaeueiino?
a?aeiiai ianaeaiiy neeaaea?oueny ae?ae caa?iceeaa neooaoe?y c
caaacia/aiiyi aeaiia?ao?/ii-o?oaeiaeo oiia aeniei? i?iaeoeoeaiino?
aeiiii?ee. Iaaaeueiei noa? noai?aiiy oiia, ye? aeicaieyoue coieieoe
?icaeoie oeeo caa?iceeaeo oaiaeaioe?e, iinooiiai noi?ioaaoe iiceoeai?
i?ioeane o a?aeoai?aii? aeaiio?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo, a naia caeiyoino?, o
oiio /ene? aoaeoeaii?, ??aiy caeiyoino?, caeiyoino? a aeiiii?oe?,
aaeocyo, iacaeiyoino? oa aac?ia?ooy ii ?aa?iiao na?ae/eoue, ui ?o
eiie?aoi? oaiaeaioe?? a?aeaeaathoue neeaaei? caaaeuei? i?ioeane
aeaa?aaeaoe?? aeiiii?/iiai oa nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo ye? noi?ioaaeeny
i?ae ae??th ??ciiiai?oieo, ??ciini?yiiaaieo oaeoi??a. A?aeaoaaeiny
nei?i/aiiy /enaeueiino? caeiyoeo a on?o ?aa?iiao. Ii??aiyii c 1992?. o
1997?. caaaeueia e?euee?noue caeiyoeo ciaioeeany a?eueo ye ia 6%, a
aaeocyo aeiiii?ee iiiaae 13%. Iniaeeai ?ioaineaia nei?i/aiiy caeiyoino?
a?aeaoeiny a Aaoiiiii?e ?anioae?oe? E?ei, Aei?i?iiao?ianuee?e,
Aeiiaoeuee?e, Caii??cuee?e, Eoaainuee?e, Euea?anuee?e, Iaeanuee?e oa
Oa?e?anuee?e iaeanoyo. A?aeaoaaany ia?a?iciiae?e /enaeueiino? ianaeaiiy,
caeiyoiai a ??cieo noa?ao aeiiii?ee, i?ae ?aa?iiaie.

??aaiue caeiyoino? cieaeoaaany iaeaea a on?o iaeanoyo. Iniaeeai oea
a?aeaoaaeiny o ?aaii-O?aie?anuee?e, Oa?niinuee?e iaeanoyo. A?aeiinii
na?aaeiueiai ??aiy caeiyoino? ii Oe?a?i? a oe?eiio, aeaui aeuei a?i
neeaany o Ee?anuee?e, ??aiainuee?e, Oiaeueieoeuee?e, Noinuee?e oa
*a?i?a?anuee?e iaeanoyo.

*enaeuei?noue caeiyoeo a on?o noa?ao aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie iino?eii
nei?i/oaaeany, a?aeaoaaany i?ioean ia?a?iciiae?eo caeiyoeo o a?e
caeiyoino? a ?ioeo noa?ao ae?yeueiino? i?ae aieeaii no?oeoo?ieo
c?ooaiue, ci?i ainiiaea?nueeeo oi?i, a oaeiae cia/iei aea?eueiaiiyi
i?aoe?aiee?a aiane?aeie nei?i/aiiy ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa. Iinooiiai
?icaeaaeiny iiaa yaeua — i?eoiaaia aac?ia?ooy oa c?inoaiiy iaoi?iaeueii?
caeiyoino?, i?aoey ia iaiiaiiio ?iai/iio aei?, oeaei?. Cieaeoaaany
??aaiue caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy ii ?aa?iiao. O 1997?. ??aaiue caeiyoino?
neeaaeaa 44,8%, a Aaoiiiii?e ?anioae?oe? E?ei — 38,8%, a i. Ee?a? —
51,8%, Oiaeueieoeuee?e — 49,3%, Noinuee?e — 48,2%. O?eueee ca 1997?.
aoei aea?eueiaii iiiaae 426,7 oen. i?aoe?aiee?a, c yeeo a?eueoa i?ae
iieiaeio neeaaeaee ?ia?oieee.

Ia ?eieo i?aoe? o 1992-1997??. iaei i?noea nei?i/aiiy iiieoo ia ?iai/o
neeo iaeaea a 4 ?ace, oiaoi ?eiie i?aoe? neeaaeaany ye
«i?aoea-iaaeeeoeiaee». *enaeuei?noue io?oe?eii ca?a?no?iaaieo
aac?ia?oieo c?inea o aeanyoie ?ac?a. A 1992?. e?euee?noue io?oe?eii
ca?a?no?iaaieo aac?ia?oieo aei??aithaaea 70,5 oen. in?a, a 1997?.
ia?aaoaaei ia iae?eo iiiaae 351,1 oen. in?a, caa?ioeiny c ieoaiue
i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiy iiiaae 431,6 oen. in?a, a 1998?. — 676,7 oen. in?a. C
oeueiai iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui iie?oeea caeiyoino? oa iaoai?ci ??
?aae?caoe?? ua ia noi?ioaaany ye nenoaiii-eiiieaeniee, aeoeaiiai aieeao
ia ?aaoethaaiiy iiieoo ? i?iiiceoe?? ?iai/i? neee ia ?eieo i?aoe?,
nenoaie nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei a noa?? caeiyoino?. Aaaeeeaei
?aaoeyoi?ii ooo ? eiao?oe??io iaaaioaaeaiiy ia iaeia a?eueia ?iai/a
i?noea (aaeain?th). Ia 1.01.99?. oeae eiao?oe??io noaiiaea 30, oiae? ye
ia 1.01.96?. a?i aei??aithaaa anueiai 2. Iniaeeai aaeeeeie oe? iieacieee
aoee o Euea?anuee?e (103), Aieeinuee?e (137), ?aaii-O?aie?anuee?e (329
iaeanoyo. E?eoe/ia neooaoe?y c caaacia/aiiyi iiieoo ia ?iai/? i?noey
neeaeiny ia ii/aoie 1999?. o 21 iaeano? Oe?a?ie. Na?aaeiy o?eaae?noue
aac?ia?ooy 9 i?nyoe?a.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiai?ee aac?ia?ooy aeicaiey? c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui eiai
c?inoaiiy ii ie?aieo iaeanoyo aeinyaei ianooaa?a, ye? iia’ycai? ia
o?eueee c e?eciaei noaiii aeiiii?ee ? iniaeeainoyie ia?ao?aeiiai
ia??iaeo. Aiie i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue, ui o?ainoi?iaoe?ei? ?aoi?ioaaiiy ia
aoee i?iaiiciaaieie naia a aniaeo? nioe?aeueieo i?iaeai, ia
ia?aaeaa/aeeny eiie?aoi? ?oei?ai? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? iane?aeee
oaeiai ?aoi?ioaaiiy. Oiio ia aoee caoeuai? iaaieie iaoai?ciaie, ye? a
caaacia/oaaee iaiaaeaiiy ianooaa?a c?inoaiiy ?aaeueiiai oa i?eoiaaiiai
aac?ia?ooy. I?eoiaaia aac?ia?ooy o noeoiiino? c ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??th oa
iaiaaeaiiyi iai?ioieo eioo?a noai?eei na?aaeiaeua oi?ioaaiiy oae caaiiai
o?iueiaiai naeoi?o aeiiii?ee. Iniaeeai iani?eyoeea? oiiae neeaeeny aeey
i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiy iieiae?, ae?iie oa oao?aoe?a ?iaeaia?ii-oaoi?/iiai
neeaaeo, aoiai?oa???a. Ii iaeanoyo oe? iieacieee ?noioii a?ae??ciyeeny.
O Aieeinuee?e, Ieeiea?anuee?e iaeanoyo iiieo ia ?iai/o neeo aei??aithaaa
8-10% aei i?iiiceoe??. A ?iaio? aeiaaaeaii, ui aieiaiee ?ano?n aeniei?
i?iaeoeoeaiino? — o?oaeiaee iioaioe?ae Oe?a?ie ? ?? ?aa?ii?a
naiiaeinoaoi?e, aea ia no/aniiio aoai? aeaoi?iiaaiee ae??th
iani?eyoeeaeo nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oaeoi??a oa oiiaaie ia?ao?aeiiai
ia??iaeo.

O aeine?aeaeaii? aaoi? aeoiaeea c eiioeaioe?? ?icaeyaeo eai?oaeo a
oe?ieiio ? aocueeiio ?icoi?ii?. A oe?ieiio ?icoi?ii? eai?oae — oea ana
oa, ui caeaoia i?eiineoe aeioiae eiai aeanieeo, ia i?aenoaa? eiai
aeei?enoaiiy o aeaeyae? ?ano?n?a, noai?aieo ethaeueie c iaoith
ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa??a oa iaaeaiiy iineoa. Aeioiaeiooai?thaaeueia ooieoe?y
eai?oaeo a ?eieiaeo oiiaao ? iioeaaoe?eiei oaeoi?ii caaacia/aiiy eiai
aeniei? i?iaeoeoeaiino?.

No/ani? i?ioeane oi?ioaaiiy oa iaeiie/aiiy eai?oaeo aeiiii?ee ?aa?ii?a
oa Oe?a?ie a oe?eiio iia’ycai? c caaaeueieie aeiiii?/ieie ?aoi?ioaaiiyie
oa noaiii ae?iaieoeoaa, a?aeoai?aiiy eiai iniiaieo neeaaeiaeo. A
ia??iae? c 1992 ii 1997??. no?oeoo?a oi?ioaaiiy eai?oaeo neeaaeaeany c
aaeiaiai iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy iniiaiiai eai?oaeo, eiai niiaeeaaiiy, ci?ie
caian?a iaoa??aeueieo iai?ioieo eioo?a, /enoiai caiice/aiiy. Ca?aeii
oe??? no?oeoo?e o 1993?. niiaeeaaiiy iniiaiiai eai?oaeo o cacia/aiee
ia??iae aoei a?ae’?iiei. A?ae’?iiei aoei /enoa caiice/aiiy eai?oaeo. C
1992?. ii 1997?. niiaeeaaiiy iniiaiiai eai?oaeo oaeiae aoei a?ae’?iiei.
O aaniethoiiio ae?ac? a?aeaoaaeiny c?inoaiiy iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy iniiaiiai
eai?oaeo, aea a ae?eniino? oea ia icia/aei eiai c?inoaiiy o
iaoa??aeueiiio ae?ac? ? aoei ?acoeueoaoii oe?iiaeo ci?i oa ?ioeyoe??.

No?oeoo?ii-oaeoi?iee aiae?c eai?oaeo Oe?a?ie ca 1992-1996??. na?ae/eoue,
ui a e?a?i? a?aeaoeiny c?inoaiiy eai?oaeo, yeee o 1996?. aei??aithaaa
122,01% aei ??aiy 1992?. Iaeii/anii eai?oaeuei? aeeaaeaiiy a ?icaeoie
aeiiii?ee aiaee ia 71,11% a?aeiinii ?o ??aiy o 1992?. A oie aea /an
aa?o?noue iniiaiiai eai?oaeo c?inoaea aieiaiei /eiii ca ?aooiie
iaiaeii?aciai? ia?aioe?iee oa ?iaeaenaoe?? iniiaieo oiiae?a, oiae? ye
aeiiii?/i? i?ioeane a?aeoai?aiiy eai?oaeo ia?aeoee ia ?io? iaoai?cie, ui
i?ecaaei aei cia/iiai ?oeioaaiiy iniiaiiai eai?oaeo. Iniiaiee ae?iaie/ee
eai?oae o 1996?. c??n anueiai ia 4,81% aei noaio o 1992?. A?aeaoaaeinue
ciaioaiiy iniiaiiai iaae?iaie/iai eai?oaeo, aea o ca’yceo c a?eueo
iia?eueieie ci?iaie o i?ioeanao a?aeoai?aiiy iniiaiiai ae?iaie/iai
eai?oaeo eiai /anoea o caaaeuei?e aa?oino? eai?oaeo c?inoaea. A 1997?. ?
1998?. oe? i?ioeane caa??aaeeny, ui iia??ooaaei oaiaeaioe??
eai?oaeiooai?aiiy, iacaaaeath/e ia iaiaaaiiy caeiiiaeaa/eie caniaaie
ci?ieoe ?o ia iiceoeai?.

Oi?ioaaiiy eai?oaeo a aeiiii?oe? ?aa?ii?a euei noia?a/eeai. A oaeeo
?aa?iiao ye Aaoiiiiia ?anioae?ea E?ei, Aieeinueea, Caea?iaonueea,
Oa?niinueea, *a?eanueea iaeano? niinoa??aaeiny ciaioaiiy aa?oino?
eai?oaeo a oe?eiio. Ia oea aieeioei nei?i/aiiy eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue,
ciaioaiiy iai?ioiiai eai?oaeo, aeineoue iia?eueia c?inoaiiy aa?oino?
oe?iieo iaia??a, ui na?ae/eoue i?i iaaeinoaoi?e ?icaeoie ?eieiaeo
o?ainoi?iaoe?eieo i?ioean?a oa ?eieiai? ?io?ano?oeoo?e. A on?o ?ioeo
iaeanoyo aa?o?noue eai?oaeo c?inoaea, oi/a oaiie oeueiai i?ioeano aoee
iaaenieeie ? a?aeaoaaeeny i?e nei?i/aii? eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieaco?, ui noai?aiiy aaaaoioeeaaeii? ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee
o ?aa?iiao ia iniia? ci?ie oi?i aeaniino? ia no/aniiio aoai?, oi/a
iia?eueii ? ia??aiii??ii, aea a?aeaoaa?oueny, eaea i?ioean e?euee?niiai
iaeiie/aiiy ?eieiaeo iciae. Iaeiae a?i ua ia iaaoa oaeeo ianooaa?a, uia
noai?eoe oiiae aeey c?inoaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeiiii?ee a ?aa?iiao. Ua
ia aeinyaiooa iinoaaeaia iaoa oi?ioaaiiy aoaeoeaiiai aeanieea, ye
aaciaiai ooiaeaiaioo i?iaeoeoeaii? aeiiii?ee ? iiaeieaiiy e?eciaeo yaeu.
Ii-ia?oa, iaaeinoaoiuei ?icaeiooee oaeee ?eieiaee ?inoeooo ye iaeee
a?cian oa i?eaaoia i?aei?e?iieoeueea ae?yeuei?noue. Ii-ae?oaa,
ainiiaea?nueea ae?yeuei?noue i?aei?e?inoa i?eaaoii? oa eieaeoeaii? oi?i
aeaniino? ia noaee a?eueo i?iaeoeoeaieie. Ii-o?aoa, ia iaaoa ?icaeoeo
oaeee iaoai?ci ye o?iainiai-i?iieneiaa ?ioaa?aoe?y, eiee naia o?iainiaee
eai?oae iiina?aaeeiao? noai?aiiy oa iaeiie/aiiy o?ce/iiai ae?iaie/iai
eai?oaeo oa ?iai/eo i?noeue. Aeniiaie c oeueiai — eai?oaeiooai?aiiy ye
iaoa??aeueia iniiaa i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeiiii?ee ?aa?ii?a ia?aaoaa? o
ia?ao?aeiiio noai?, ui oi?io? iaiao?aei?noue nooo?aeo ci?i eiioeaioe??
aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee a oeueiio iai?yie?, iineeaiiy ?eieiaeo oaeoi??a oa
?aaoethth/eo caeiiiaeaa/i-ii?iaoeaieo iioeaaoe?eieo aaaeae?a ?icaeoeo
ae?iaieoeoaa.

?icae?e V. ?aa?iiaeuei? oa iae?iaeiiii?/i? oaiaeaioe?? i?iaeoeoeaiino?
aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie

I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ?ic?aooiee o ??cieo noa?ao aeiiii?/ii?
ae?yeueiino? a oe?eiio ii Oe?a?i? oa ?? ?aa?iiao ia i?aenoaa?
?iaeaenii-iao?e/ieo iiaeaeae i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe? ? eai?oaeo ca
1992-1996 ??. aeicaieythoue oa?aeoa?ecoaaoe ?oith aeeiai?eo ia
iae?i??ai? ? aecia/eoe aieea oaeoi??a, ye? a?aeaeaaeeny ia ci?iao
i?iaeoeoeaiino? ii ?aa?iiao.

Aiae?c io?eiaieo aeaieo na?ae/eoue, ui ia iaoe?iiaeueiiio ??ai? cie?aia,
i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe? cieceeanue o 1996?. ii??aiyii c 1992?. ia 42,9%.
Oea coiiaeaii, aieiaiei /eiii, ??ceei iaae?iiyi ianya?a aaeiaiai
aioo??oiueiai i?iaeoeoo ia 45,86% ? iacia/iei nei?i/aiiyi /enaeueiino?
caeiyoeo a on?o noa?ao aeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino?. Ii ?aa?iiao inoaii?e
iieaciee eieeaaany a?ae 9,5% o Caii??cuee?e iaeano? aei 67,4% o
Caea?iaonuee?e iaeano?. O a?eueoino? iaeanoae ??aaiue i?iaeoeoeaiino?
i?aoe? o 1996?. i?ioe 1992?. neeaaeaa 40-50%. O ianooii? ?iee cieaeaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?iaeiaaeoaaeeny, aea oaiie oeueiai i?ioeano
oiia?eueieeeny.

Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? oiiae, ui neeaeeny a aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie
noi?iaiaeaeoaaeeny aieeaii aeaio oaeoi??a ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe?, a
naia: cieaeaiiyi iiaiaeeiii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe? oa c?inoaiiyi
?ic?eao i?ae iioaioe?eiei oiiaeii ?iai/iai /ano ? oaeoe/ii
a?aei?aoeueiaaiei ?iai/ei /anii. Oaeoe/ii a?aei?aoeueiaaiee ?iai/ee /an
aoa ia 18,6% iaioei o 1996?., i?ae o 1992?. Oiae? ye iioaioe?eiee
?iai/ee /an o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a ca?eueoeany, a iioaioe?eiee ?iai/ee /an
caeiyoeo a on?o noa?ao aeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? nei?ioeany ia 5,2%. O
1997?. a?aei?aoeueiaaiee oiiae ?iai/iai /ano a?aeiinii iaeneiaeueii
iiaeeeaiai, ca ca?oieie aeaieie, neeaaeaa 81,4% (o 1996?. — 83,9%).

O aeiiii?oe? ?aa?ii?a oe? oaiaeaioe?? i?aeoe/ii caa??aaeeny. Oaeoe/iee
eiao?oe??io aeei?enoaiiy ?iai/iai /ano a 1997?. aoa iaeieae/ei o
?aaii-O?aie?anuee?e (0,65), Euea?anuee?e iaeano? (0,68), Caea?iaonuee?e
(0,65). A a?eueoino? iaeanoae a?i eieeaaany a?ae 0,78 aei 0,70. A oie
aea /an iioaioe?eiee oiiae ?iai/iai /ano, caeiyoeo a on?o noa?ao
aeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino?, o a?eueoino? iaeanoae iaa iacia/i? ci?ie, a a
Ee?anuee?e, ??aiainuee?e, Oiaeueieoeuee?e oa *a?i?aaoeuee?e iaeanoyo
aeaui ca?eueoeany. ?ic?aooiee na?ae/aoue, ui iaaeiaeei?enoaiiy ?iai/iai
/ano o 1997?. ii??aiyii c 1992?. oa cieaeaiiy iiaiaeeiii?
i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe? iaeaea aaea?/? aoee aieiaieie /eiieeaie
iaaeiio?eiaiiy AAI, yeee ca ?aooieaie iaa ae neeaaeaoe iiiaae 150
ie?ae.a?i.

A?aei?iiino? i?ae iaeanoyie ca oaiiaie ci?ie i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe?
oi?ioaaeeny i?ae aieeaii oaeeo oaeoi??a, ye ci?ie o aaeocaa?e
i?iaeoeoeaiino? ? cieaeaii? ae?iaieoeoaa, oe?iiaiai ? o?oaeiaiai
oaeoi??a, no?oeoo?ieo c?ooaiue oa ?inoeoooe?iiaeueieo ci?i. Ii ?aa?iiao
oeae iieaciee ca o?aaeeoe?eiith iaoiaeieia??th ia/eneaiiy ?ic??ciyany o
aeeiai?oe? ii aaeocyo. O i?iieneiaino? Caii??cueei?, Ieeiea?anueei?,
Iaeanueei? iaeanoae a?aeaoeiny c?inoaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe? ia 2-3%.
I?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? a ie?aieo aaeocyo iaei i?noea, aieiaiei
/eiii, o 1996?. ? 1997?. ii a?aeiioaiith aei 1995?. o
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee?e, Iieoaanuee?e, ??aiainuee?e, Oa?iii?euenuee?e,
*a?i?aaoeuee?e iaeanoyo. Oea a?aeaoeiny ca oiiae, eiee ii?yae c?
iacia/iei nei?i/aiiyi /enaeueiino? i?aoethth/eo, cia/ii nei?i/oaaany
caaaeueiee ianya i?iieneiai? i?iaeoeoe??, yeee ii??aiyii c ianyaaie
1990?. ciaioeany oaea?/?. Aeayea c?inoaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe? o
aaeocyo ii ie?aieo ?aa?iiao a?aeaoeiny i?ae aieeaii oe?iiaiai oa
no?oeoo?iiai oaeoi??a ? na?ae/eei i?i iaaaoeai? i?ioeane iiaeeaeaiiy
e?eciaiai noaio a?eueoino? i?aei?e?inoa on?o ae?iaie/eo aaeocae
?aa?ii?a.

Oaeoi?iee aiae?c aeeiai?ee i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe? iieacaa, ui oaeee
aeoeaiee eiai /eiiee ye oaoi?/iee ??aaiue, oiiaeiica?i?i?noue i?aoe?,
oaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?? oa iieaoe i?aoe? o oe? ?iee ia aoee
aieeaiaeie. A on?o aaeocyo oa ?aa?iiao cieceeeny iieacieee oaoi?/ii?
ica?i?iino? ae?iaieoeoaa. Ciaioeeiny ai?iaaaeaeaiiy i?ia?aneaii?,
aenieiaoaeoeaii? oaoiieia??, ae?iaieoeoai iiai? i?iaeoeoe?? ii ?yaeo ??
aeae?a nei?ioeeiny o 5-10 ? a?eueoa ?ac?a. Iia?oi? oaoiieia?? oa iaoeia?
?ic?iaee cai?oaeeny, a iaoeia? eaae?e ia?aoiaeeee a ?io? noa?e
ae?yeueiino?, cieaeoth/e iaoeiai-oaoi?/iee ??aaiue aeiiii?ee ?
iiaeeeaino? ?? i?iaeoeoeaiino?.

I?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe? a aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeyaea?oueny o aca?iica’yceo c
ca?ia?oiith ieaoith oa i?eaooeia?noth, ine?eueee eiaeia c oeeo eaoaai??e
a?aeaeaa?oueny a i?iaeoeoeaiino?.

Ca?ia?oia ieaoa a oe?eiio ii aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie a?aeiinii
i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe? neeaaeaea 48,4%. Ii iaeanoyo oeae iieaciee
eieeaa?oueny a?ae 27,1% o Caii??cuee?e iaeano? aei 130,5% o
Caea?iaonuee?e. A oaeeo iaeanoyo ye Aieeinueea ? *a?i?aaoeueea oey
/anoea ia?aaeuoaaea 100%. Oea icia/a?, ui any i?iaeoeoeai?noue
aei??aithaaea ca?ia?oi?e ieao?, aea aoea oaeiae iecueeith. Aei 90%
i?iaeoeoeaiino? aei??aithaaea ca?ia?oia ieaoa a aeiiii?oe?
E??iaia?aaenueei?, Iaeanueei?, Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeanoae.

I?iaeoeoeai?noue eai?oaeo aeine?aeaeaia o aniaeo? caaaeueii? aeeiai?ee
oa aieeao ia oeae i?ioean ci?i o ni?aa?aeiioaiiyo i?ae eiai ie?aieie
neeaaeiaeie.

Ca 1993-1996 ??. o ii??aiyii? aei 1992 ?. i?iaeoeoeai?noue eai?oaeo
cieceeany a oe?eiio ia 56%. Oea cieaeaiiy iaei i?noea a on?o iaeanoyo.
Aea iaea?eueoa cieaeaiiy neeaeiny o Aeiiaoeuee?e, Eoaainuee?e,
Oa?e?anuee?e oa Noinuee?e iaeanoyo ? noaiiaeei 60 ? a?eueoa a?aenioe?a.
Cieaeaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? iniiaiiai eai?oaeo aoei cia/iei ?
niinoa??aaeiny a on?o iaeanoyo. Cie?aia, o Caea?iaonuee?e ? Euea?anuee?e
iaeanoyo, cieaeaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? iniiaiiai eai?oaeo aei??aithaaei
75-70% aei ??aiy 1992?. Caaaeueiee aeniiaie aiae?co oaeee: o ia?ao?aeiee
ia??iae i?ae aieeaii caaaeueiinenoaiieo ia?aoai?aiue, a naia ci?ie oi?i
aeaniino?, noai?aiiy iiaeo ainiiaea?nueeeo no?oeoo? a?aeaoaa?oueny
ia?a?iciiae?e eai?oaeo ci?iththoueny oiiae eiai iaeiie/aiiy. I?ae
aieeaii ?eieiaeo ia?aoai?aiue ci?iththoueny no?oeoo?i? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
i?ae ??cieie aeaea?aeaie eai?oaeiooai?aiiy oa neeaaeiaeie /anoeiaie
eai?oaeo. Ia a?aei?io a?ae iaoai?cio aea?aeaaiiai oeaio?ae?ciaaiiai
oi?aae?iiy eai?oaeiooai?aiiyi, iie?oeee ia?a?iciiae?eo oa aeai?o
i??i?eoao?a ni?yioaaiiy eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiue, e?aaeeooaaiiy
eai?oaeiooai?aiiy a oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei
i?aeii?yaeeiaaia ae?? ?eieiaeo oaeoi??a. A oie aea /an aeey ia?ao?aeiiai
aoaio i?eoaiaiia iaaia caa?aaeaiiy ?aaoethth/eo aaaeae?a o
eai?oaeiooai?aii?, a oaeiae a?eueiiai iaeiie/aiiy eai?oaeo ? eiai
ia?aoiaeo a iaea?eueo i?eaooeia? noa?e. Iniaeea?noue eai?oaeiooai?aiiy a
oeeo oiiaao i?iyaey?oueny ye o ca’yceo c iiyaith iiaeo oi?i eai?oaeo,
oae ? o?iainiaeie oaoiieia?yie ?o iaeiie/aiiy, oiiaaie eai?oae?caoe??
aeioiae?a. Ii/aoeia?noue ? iaaeinoaoiy ?icaeioo?noue eai?oaeiooai?aiiy o
ii?aeiaii? c o?ce/iith canoa??e?noth ae?iaie/iai eai?oaeo, aaeeea
?ica?aei?noue i?ae ?aa?iiaie ca eiai iane/ai?noth oa no?oeoo?ith
oa?aeoa?ecothoue ia??ai? iiaeeeaino? ?aa?ii?a, ?o iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ii?
aace uiaei i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeiiii?ee.

I?iaeoeoeai?noue eai?oaeo caeaaeeoue a?ae aaaaoueio oaeoi??a, ye?
aieeaathoue ia eiai ooai?aiiy oa aeei?enoaiiy, cie?aia a?ae
caaacia/aiino? o?iainiaeie ? iaoa??aeueieie ?ano?naie, aeei?enoaiiy
?iai/eo i?noeue, ye iiina?aaeeiaoth/i? eaiee i?ae ooai?aiiyi ?
aeei?enoaiiyi eai?oaeo. A aeiiii?oe? on?o ?aa?ii?a iaei-ie/eeanue cia/ia
e?euee?noue ?iai/eo i?noeue canoa??eeo ca nai?i noaiii, oaoiiei-a?yie,
iaiiaeeea?noth ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy ?c-ca ianoa/?
aia?aiiinoa/ai-iy, a?aenooiino? caiiaeaiue ia ae?iaieoeoai, iaiaaeaiino?
iai?ioieo eioo?a, caai?aiaaiino?, oiui. Aieiai? i?e/eie ooo ia o?eueee
e?ecia? yaeua a aeiiii?oe?. Ana a?eueo aieeaiaeie noathoue ?eieia?
oiiae, ye? noaaeyoue iia? aeiiae aei ?aaoethaaiiy e?eueeino? ?iai/eo
i?noeue, ?o no?oeoo?e oa caaeainiaaiino? c ?iai/ith neeith. Cia/ou?noue
naii? i?iaeaie ia ao?aoeeanue a oiiaao nenoaiieo o?ainoi?iaoe?e ?
ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieo oa iaaoooy oiaa?ieo iciae on?o oaeoi??a
ae?iaieoeoaa, ci?i aeoeaio?a o oacao a?aeoai?aiiy. Iineeaiiy aieeao
?eieiaeo aaaeae?a oa oiia ?eieo ia ae?iaieoeoai /a?ac iio?aao i?aeo?eiee
caaeainiaaiino? i?ae iiieoii ? i?iiiceoe??th ia i?iaeoeoe?th, iiieoii ia
?iai/o neeo ? ?? i?iii-ceoe??th noi?ioaaee cian?i iiao eiioeaioe?th
ae?iaieoeoaa, e?eueeino? ?iai/eo i?noeue oa ?? caaeainiaaiino? c
?iai/ith neeith, aieiaia nooi?noue yei? iieyaa? o caaacia/aiino?
eiiieaeniiai i?aeoiaeo aei eai?oaeiooai?aiiy, noai?aiiy ?iai/eo i?noeue
oa caaeainiaaiino? ?o c ?iai/ith neeith. Iae?e ?iai/eo i?noeue ?
iaaaeueiei caaaeaiiyi a ?aa?iiao ? oiiaith aoaeoeaiiai ?o aeei?enoaiiy.

?icae?e VI. Noeoiia i?iaeoeoeai?noue aeiiii?ee: i?iaiic aeeiai?ee oa
iaoai?ci oi?aae?iiy

Noeoiia i?iaeoeoeai?noue ? ocaaaeueithth/ei iieacieeii noaio ?icaeoeo
aeiiii?ee ia iae?i- oa ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??aiyo ? oa?aeoa?eco?
aoaeoeai?noue ?ici?uaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee ii ?aa?iiao, no?oeoo?o ?
nooi?iue aeei?enoaiiy aeiiii?/iiai oa i?e?iaeii-?ano?niiai
iioaioe?ae?a.

?iaeaenii-iao?e/ia iiaeaeue, ca aeiiiiiaith yei? aeeiiaiee aiae?c
noeoiii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeiiii?ee ?aa?ii?a ? a oe?eiio ii Oe?a?i? ca
1992-1996??., aeicaiey? c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui i?ioyaii oeeo ?ie?a noeoiia
i?iaeoeoeai?noue aeiiii?ee a on?o ?aa?iiao cieaeoaaeanue. Noeoiia
i?iaeoeoeai?noue iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie o 1996?. noaiiaeea
anueiai 28,9% aei ?? ??aiy o 1992?. Oea a?aeaoeiny aiane?aeie iaae?iiy
ae?iaieoeoaa AAI iaeaea aaea?/?, iacia/iiai nei?i/aiiy caeiyoino? a on?o
noa?ao aeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino?, cieaeaiiy ??aiy aeei?enoaiiy oiiaeo
?iai/iai /ano; cia/iiai c?inoaiiy aeo?aoiino? ae?iaieoeoaa oa ciaioaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaiino? eai?oaeo.

Ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai? ci?ie o noeoii?e i?iaeoeoeaiino? eieeaaeeny a?ae
61,0% a Aaoiiiii?e ?anioae?oe? E?ei ? Iaeanuee?e iaeano? aei 20,5% a
Oa?e?anuee?e iaeano?.

Noeoiia i?iaeoeoeai?noue aeiiii?ee ie?aieo ?aa?ii?a oi?ioaaeany i?ae
aieeaii oaeoi?ieo ci?i i?iaeoeoeaiino?, cie?aia, i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe?,
eai?oaeo, ??aiy aeo?aoiino? ae?iaieoeoaa. Ia noeoiio i?iaeoeoeai?noue
aeiiii?ee a Aaoiiiii?e ?anioae?oe? E?ei aieeioei oa, ui ooo ia 23,1%
nei?ioeeany /enaeuei?noue, caeiyoeo a on?o noa?ao aeiiii?/ii?
ae?yeueiino?, ii??aiyii c na?aaei?ie iieacieeaie ii Oe?a?i?, ?iaeaen
i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeo?ao aoa iaeaea ia /aa?oue aeuei a oiiaao iaeaea
iaeiaeiaiai cieaeaiiy AAI. Oea na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
i?ae ye?nieie ? e?euee?nieie /eiieeaie a?ae?a?aaaee iaaio ?ieue o ci?iao
i?iaeoeoeaiino? (oaae. 1, 2).

Noeoiia oa oaeoi?ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue ?aa?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee o?nii
iia’ycaia c iniaeeainoyie ?aa?iiaeueieo oiia ?icaeoeo,
i?e?iaeii-?ano?nieie iiaeeeainoyie, ??aiai ?ioaineaiino?
ainiiaea?thaaiiy, ye? aecia/athoue aeeoa?aioe?aeueiiio ?aioo.

Iane?aeeaie oaeeo iaaaoeaieo oaiaeaioe?e ? oaeiae nei?i/aiiy iiieoo ?
iecueea ieaoini?iiiaei?noue ianaeaiiy oa i?aei?e?inoa, ui iaiaaeo?
?icaeoie noa’?eo?a ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei, noai yeeo iia??oothoueny ae??th
iaeeaii-aia?aaoe/ii? e?ece oa ?ioeyoe?eieie i?ioeanaie, iaieaoaaeaie
oiui. Oea aea? i?aenoaae aei aeniiaeo, ui no/ani? aeiiii?/i? ?aoi?ie ye
iioaioe?ei? iin?? iiceoeaieo ci?i ia iaa?aee nai?? aeoeaii? ae??, uia
i?eieieoe iaae?iiy aeiiii?ee ? aeinyaiooe noaa?e?caoe?? aeiiii?/iiai
noaio. Iiaeeaeaiee aiae?c no/anieo oaiaeaioe?e aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo ia
i?aenoaa? iieaciee?a noeoiii? oa oaeoi?ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? o ii??aiyii?
c iai?yiaie oa iaoai?ciaie no/anieo ?aoi?ioaaiue iieaco?, ui aeiiii?ea
Oe?a?ie ? ?? ?aa?ii?a ia ia? aeinoaoiueiai i?inoi?o aeey iaiao?aeieo
iaiaa??a, ii/eiath/? ?c c?inoaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe? ? eai?oaeo,
iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai ?icaeoeo oa aeei?enoaiiy eiai aeinyaiaiue, iineeaiiy
iioeaaoe?e aei i?aoe? oa aeiiii??.

I?iaiici? ?ic?aooiee (?AIN Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie) iieacothoue ci?io
aaeoi?o ?icaeoeo aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie ia c?inoaiiy. Oaaeeoey 1

?iaeaene noeoiii? oa oaeoi?ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?

aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie ? ?aa?ii?a

1996 ?. a % aei 1992 ?.

Noeoiia i?iaeoeoea-i?noueI?iaeoeoea-i?noue i?aoe?I?iaeoeoea-i?noue
eai?oaeoI?iaeoeoeai?noue caaaeueieo aeo?ao
ae?iaieoeoaaOe?a?ia28,957,143,833,8Aaoiiiiia ?anioae?ea
E?ei61,073,650,643,8A?iieoeueea65,156,534,7Aieeinueea42,144,233,726,6Aei
?i?iiao?ianueea51,755,838,428,8Aeiiaoeueea55,958,148,436,7AEeoiie?nueea4
2,747,637,6327,6Caea?iaonueea32,532,625,224,8Caii??cueea82,290,665,244,9
?aaii-O?aie?anueea51,754,139,929,6Ee?anueea (aac i.
Ee?aa)66,365,550,419,7E??iaia?aaenueea49,655,038,227,3Eoaainueea39,144,4
32,131,9Euea?anueea39,741,530,825,9Ieeiea?anueea81,285,063,142,4Iaeanuee
a81,286,587,174,4Iieoaanueea64,167,257,341,1??aiainueea60,257,652,331,1N
oinueea46,747,735,226,8Oa?iii?euenueea60,863,843,235,1Oa?e?anueea43,046,
134,324,3Oa?niinueea45,851,239,333,7Oiaeueieoeueea62,756,052,335,3*a?ean
ueea60,263,849,628,4*a?i?aaoeueea46,444,431,732,0*a?i?a?anueea51,452,042
,129,4i. Ee?a59,263,947,641,7Oaaeeoey 2

?iaeaene oaeoi??a-?ano?n?a aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie ? ?aa?ii?a

1996 ?. a % aei 1992 ?.

Caeiyo? a on?o noa?ao aeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino?Aa?o?noue
eai?oaeoCaaaeuei? aeo?aoe ae?iaieoeoaaOe?a?ia94,8122,0160,1Aaoiiiiia
?anioae?ea
E?ei76,993,5129,1A?iieoeueea95,6111,6179,1Aieeinueea95,266,5158,1Aei?i?i
iao?ianueea92,5122,9179,2Aeiiaoeueea96,3153,2152,2AEeoiie?nueea89,7106,4
155,1Caea?iaonueea99,583,5130,8Caii??cueea90,8139,5182,9?aaii-O?aie?anue
ea95,5102,9174,8Ee?anueea (aac i.
Ee?aa)101,3130,7136,2E??iaia?aaenueea90,2120,4181,4Eoaainueea88,2113,912
2,7Euea?anueea95,7110,7153,3Ieeiea?anueea95,5142,0191,6Iaeanueea93,8123,
3109,1Iieoaanueea95,3111,4155,7??aiainueea104,5123,3193,2Noinueea97,8124
,4174,0Oa?iii?euenueea95,3112,2173,4Oa?e?anueea93,3127,2176,6Oa?niinueea
89,498,3135,7Oiaeueieoeueea111,9139,1177,7*a?eanueea94,373,3145,0*a?i?aa
oeueea104,594,1145,0*a?i?a?anueea98,8124,7175,0i. Ee?a92,6115,2142,0

?ic?aooiee aaoi?a, aeeiiai? ia aac? aeua aeacaieo oaiaeaioe?e ci?i o AAI
a oe?eiio ? o iaeaniiio ?ic??c?, a oaeiae ii iieacieeao noeoiii? oa
oaeoi?ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ca iaoiaeaie ?iaeaenii-iao?e/iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy, iieacothoue, ui a oe?eiio ca ia??iae aei 2020?. iiaeeeai
caaacia/eoe c?inoaiiy noeoiii? i?iaeoe-oeaiino? a 1,8-2,4 ?ace,
i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe? a?aeiia?aeii a 2-2,5 ?ace, i?iaeoe-oeaiino?
eai?oaeo ia 60-70%, iaoa??aeueieo aeo?ao ia 80-90%. Ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio
??ai? ca oeae ia??iae aoaeooue niinoa??aaoeny ?ica?aeiino? i?ae oaiiaie
ci?i noeoiii? oa oaeoi?ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?. Oaeo neooaoe?th
oa?aeoa?ecothoue ci?ie a ianyaiaeo iieacieeao, ?ic?aoiaaieo ca
eiioeaioe??th noaa?e?caoe?iiii-?icaeoeiai? iiaeae? aeeiai?ee no/anii?
aeiiii?ee a ia??iaeao 2001-2005, 2001-2010-2020??.

Caaacia/aiiy iiceoeaieo c?ooaiue o i?iaeoeoeaiino? ia?aaeaa/a?
ea?aeeiaeuei? caoiaee o ?aoi?ioaaii? no/anii? ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?/ii?
iiaeae? c i??i?eoaoaie aeoeaii? no?oeoo?ii? ia?aaoaeiae,
ia?ai???ioaoe??th ia iio?aae ciai?oiueiai ?eieo, iia?e?caoe?? ia
aea?aeieo oiiaao a?o/eciyiiai ?iaanoi?a, iiaa?iaiiy o?iueiaiai eai?oaeo.

Iniaeeaa cia/aiiy iaaoaa? caaacia/aiiy cania?a i?aeaeuaiiy
?ioainea-iino? aeei?enoaiiy ?ioaeaeooaeueiiai oa iaoeiaiai iioaioe?aeo,
ia?ao?ae ia ?ioo iiaeaeue nioe?aeueii-o?oaeiaeo a?aeiinei, iiai?
no?aoaa?? ?aa?iiaeueii? iie?oeee oa iaoai?ci?a ?aaoethaaiiy ?
aea?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?/iiai ? nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo ?aa?ii?a,
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo aei ?ici?uaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee.
Oea ia?aaeaa/a? caaacia/aiiy iaaieo ia?aaeoiia o o?iainiai-aeiiii?/i?e
noa??, noai?aiiy ?aaeueiiai ?eieiaiai na?aaeiaeua, iiaeaeueoiai
aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoa-i?cio ?iciiae?eo ooieoe?e aea?aeaae ? ?aa?ii?a.

I???ioaoe?y ia ci?io aaeoi?o ?icaeoeo ia noaa?e?caoe?th ? c?inoaiiy
aeiiii?ee o?nii iia’yco?oueny c aeai?ii iiai? no?aoaa??
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? iie?oeee, aeai?o ? ia?a?iciiae?eo naaiaio?a ?eieo i?ae
?aa?iiaie, iath/e ca iniiao ?o aeiiii?/i?, i?e?iaeii-?ano?ni?,
iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?, oaoiieia?/i? oa i?ioan?ei? iioaioe?aee. Oea
ia?aaeaa/a? ii?aeiaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii? iie?oeee c ?iiiaaoe?eiith
no?aoaa??th.

No/aniei aeina?aeii iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai ?icaeoeo aeniei?icaeiooeo e?a?i
na?oo aeiaaaeaii, ui aeniea i?iaeoeoeai?noue aeiiii?ee ? ?? no?eea
c?inoaiiy aeinyaa?oueny ia no?eueee noeoii?noth oaeoi??a ae?iaieoeoaa ?
ianyaaie ?iaanoeoe?e, a aieiaiei /eiii ci?noii ? oaeaee?noth
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?iiiaaoe?eii? no?aoaa?? ye eia?/ii? noaae?? aeiiii?/iiai
?icaeoeo ia oeyoo aei noai?aiiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeii? aeiiii?ee.
?iiiaaoe?eia no?aoaa?y aeicaiey? o iaaeao i???ioiaaii 15-20 ??/iiai
ia??iaeo cieceoe ?ano?nii?noe?noue oiaa??a o noa?? ae?iaieoeoaa ?
niiaeeaaiiy ia iaio ye a 2 ?ace, ci?ithth/e iaoa??aeuei? ?ano?ne ca
nai?th ye?noth oa i?iaeoeoeai?noth. I?enei?th?oueny iiiaeaiiy cania?a
ae?iaieoeoaa oa niiaeeaaiiy. Eia?/ii oea aeeeeea? iio?aao a iiaeo
iaoai?ciao oi?aae?iiy aeiiii?eith ? i?iaeoeoeai?noth cie?aia.

Oi?aae?iiy i?iaeoeoeai?noth aeiiii?ee ia iae?i- ? ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??aiyo
ia?aaeaa/a? aeineoue neeaaeiee iaoai?ci, iiaoaeiaaiee ia ii?aeiaii?
i?eioeei?a caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiai ? ?aa?iiaeueiiai aieeao. Neeaaeia?
iaoai?cio oi?aae?iiy i?iaeoeoeai?noth aeiiii?ee aeeth/athoue nenoaio
aaaeae?a, ye? iiaeia ia’?aeiaoe o o?e aeiee: ?ano?n?a, iiaeaeae
iaoai?cio, ??aiy oi?aae?iiy oa aoai?a nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo.

Iaoiaeieia?/ii aeioe?eueii oi?ioaaoe nenoaio oi?aae?iiy, aeoiaey/e c
nooiino? eaoaai??? i?iaeoeoeaiino?. Oiio ni?yiiaoaaoe ?? «ia aeinyaiaiiy
iaaieo oe?eae», a naia: ca?eueoaiiy ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa AAI /e ?ioeo
/eiiee?a, ui iaoiiaeththoue c?inoaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino?, a oaeiae
caaacia/aiiy oiia ae?? aeie?a ? nenoai iaoai?cio.

A aeena?oaoe?? iiaea?oueny noaia oa eeaneo?eaoe?y aeaiaio?a iaoai?cio
oi?aa-e?iiy i?iaeoeoeai?noth ca aeiiiiiaith oaeniiii?/ii? iiaeae? o
aeaeyae? o?aoinueiai? iao?eoe?, yea iiaoaeiaaia ia iiia?aaei?o iao?eoeyo
?iaeaenieo nenoai, noeoiii? oa oaeoi?ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?. Ci?no iiaeae?
iieyaa? o oiio, ui o eiaeio c ?? ee?oei caeeaaea?oueny iaaiee eiiieaen
iai?yi?a oa caoiae?a i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeiiii?ee. A?aeiia?aeii
aei ?ic?iaeaiiai a oe?e ?iaio? aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio
aea?aeaaii-?aa?iiaeueiiai oi?aae?iiy i?iaeoeoeai?noth oa c a?aooaaiiyi
iaea?aea-ieo ?acoeueoao?a aiae?co oaiaeaioe?e i?iaeoeoeaiino? ?
i?iaiicieo iaa?oiooaaiue aecia/aia eeaneo?eaoe?y caoiae?a aei
cai?iiiiiaaii? iiaeae?. Aei ia? aoiaeyoue oae? neeaaeia?: «Eiioeaioe?y
oi?aae?iiy i?iaeoeoeai?noth», «Caeiiiaeaa/i-ii?iaoeaia aaca»,
«Aeiiii?/ia iie?oeea aea?aeaae» oa caoiaee eiie?aoiiai ni?yioaaiiy ia
?aae?caoe?th ae?? eiaeiiai c aeaiaio?a iaoai?cio ia iae?i- ?
?aa?iiaeueiiio ??aiyo.

AENIIAEE

?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieythoue c?iaeoe
aeniiaee oai?aoeei-eiioeaiooaeueiiai ci?noo, iaoiaee/iiai oa
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iiai ni?yioaaiiy uiaei i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeiiii?ee a iae?i-
? ?aa?iiaeueiiio aniaeoao, iniiaieie c yeeo ? oae?:

1. No/ani? i?ioeane caaaeueiinenoaiieo ia?aoai?aiue oa aeiiii?/i?
?aoi?ie a Oe?a?i? noi?iaiaeaeothoueny ci?iaie o nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo
a?aeiineiao ? eaoaai??yo, ui ? ?o iin?yie. Iaaoooy oiaa?ii? i?e?iaee
iaeaea on?o iineoa ? ?ano?n?a a?aeoai?thaaeueiiai i?ioeano ? i???ioaoe?y
eiai ia iio?aae ?eieo oa i?aeo?eieo ia iueiio ??aiiaaae /a?ac
eiieo?aioe?th iineeththoue aca?iica’ycie oa iaoiiaeai?noue aeiiii?/ieo
a?aeiinei, i?e?iaeio nooi?noue oa aoaeoeai?noue yeeo oa?aeoa?eco?
eaoaai??y i?iaeoeoeaiino?. Aiia iaae?a? cia/aiiy ia on?o ??aiyo
aeiiii?ee: iaoe?iiaeueiiio ?aa?iiaeueiiio, i?aei?e?inoaa ii on?o oi?iao
ainiiaea?thaaiiy. I?iaeoeoeai?noue aeiiii?ee ? ?eieiaith eaoaai???th
aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy, nooi?noue yei? aaco?oueny ia oai??? ??aiyiiy
oaeoi??a, ?o aeioiaeiooai?thaaeuei?e ooieoe?? oa a?aie/iino?.

2. Aeiiii?ea Oe?a?ie ca ieioe? a?n?i ?ie?a i?ieoea iaaiee oeyo o iai?yi?
oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee: a?aeaoeeny nooo?a? ?inoeoooe?iiaeuei?
ci?ie, ?icaeoie o?iainiai? ?io?ano?oeoo?e, c’yaeeeny iia? oi?ie
ainiiaea?thaaiiy, iia? nioe?aeueii-o?oaeia? a?aeiineie, iaaoee oiaa?ii?
oi?ie ae?iaie/? ?ano?ne oa iineoae. Ia ci?io iiia?aaeiuei? ia?eieiai?
iiaeae? aeiiii?ee a ?aa?iiao iei? neeaaeathoueny ?eieia? ia?aaeoiiae oa
eiieo?aioia na?aaeiaeua o ca’yceo c /ei i?iaeoeoeai?noue ye ?eieiaa
eaoaai??y iaaoaa? naiai ?aaeueiiai cia/aiiy, ui iaoiiaeth? nai?/ani?noue
oa i?aeoe/io iaiao?aei?noue ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a i?aeoeeo no/aniiai iae?i- ?
?aa?iiaeueiiai oi?aae?iiy eaoaai??aeueiiai aia?aoo ?eieiaiai ci?noo ?
iieaciee?a, ye? ?o oa?aeoa?ecothoue.

3. Noiniaii aei ?eieiaeo oiia i?iiiio?oueny iiaa nenoaia iieaciee?a
ioe?iee i?iaeoeoeaiino? iae?i- oa ?aa?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee ca nenoaiith.
Aeioe?eue-iith ? nenoaia iieaciee?a i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeiiii?ee: noeoiia,
i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe?, eai?oaeo, i?e?iaeii-?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo.
I?iiiio?oueny aeei?enoaiiy iieaciee?a i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe? ye
naiino?eieo iieaciee?a a nenoai? noeoiii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?, oae ?
iieaciee?a oaeoi?ii? (/anoeiai?) i?iaeoeoeaiino? ?aa?i-iaeueii?
aeiiii?ee. Nenoaio iieaciee?a i?iaeoeoeaiino? eai?oaeo aeioe?eueii
?ic-iiae?eyoe ia iieacieee, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue ??aaiue aeei?enoaiiy
iayaiiai eai?oaeo ye ?ano?no ? ioe?ithaaoe i?iaeoeoeai?noue eai?oaeo
?aa?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee ca iieacieeaie /anoeiai? (oaeoi?ii?)
i?iaeoeoeaiino? oa ye iieaciee noeoiii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?. I?iiiio?oueny
oaeiae aaaaeaiiy o iaoeiaee ia?a oa i?aeoe/ia aecia/aiiy iieaciee?a
noeoiii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ?aa?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee ia iniia? iiaoaeiae
?ioaa?aeueieo iieaciee?a ioe?iee a ?aa?ii? ??aiy aeioiaeiooai?ai-iy
aeiiii?/ieo iioaioe?ae?a, ui eiiiaino? a?aenooi?noue no/anii? ioe?iee
aoaeoea-iino? ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee ?aa?ii?a.

4. Ia?ao?ae aei ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee iaoiiaeth? iiao ?aeaieia?th
eiioeaioe?? eeaneo?eaoe?? oaeoi??a i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeiiii?ee ?aa?ii?a,
ye? aieeaathoue ia noeoiio oa oaeoi?io i?iaeoeoeai?noue. Cai?iiiiiaaia a
aeena?oaoe?? eeaneo?eaoe?y oaeoi??a i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeiiii?ee ?aa?ii?a
neeaaea?oueny c nenoaie eeaneo?-eaoe?eieo i?aea?oi:
caaaeueiiaeiiii?/ieo, ?aa?iiaeueieo oa aaeocaaeo. O i?aea?oiao
i?iiiio?oueny iiae?eyoe oaeoi?e ia iaoa??aeuei?,
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/i?, nioe?aeuei?, ciai?oi? oa aioo??oi?.

5. O i?ioean? caaaeueieo nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo ia?aoai?aiue aeiiii?ea
?aa?ii?a caciaea cia/ieo ci?i. Iinooiiai oi?io?oueny i?eaaoia aeani?noue
? iia? i?aei?e?iieoeuee? ooai?aiiy, ?eiie i?aoe?, ci?iththoueny
aeaea?aea iaea?aeaiiy aeioi-ae?a ianaeaiiy. Iaeii/anii c?inoa?
aac?ia?ooy, ?icoe?ththoueny iaae? aeeoa?aioe?a-oe?? aeioiae?a ianaeaiiy,
cieaeo?oueny caaaeueiee ??aaiue aeeooy. An? oe? yaeua iaee i?noea a on?o
?aa?iiao, aea ??aaiue ?ioaineaiino? oa ni?iiiaeiinoae ?aa?ii?a o
iaiaaeaii? iaaaoeaieo iane?aee?a oa aoiaeaeaiiy o iia? oiiae
ainiiaea?thaaiiy aeyaeeeny iaiaeiaeiaeie. Oea iineeeei aeeoa?aioe?aoe?th
?aa?ii?a ca noaiii ?oiueiai ?icaeoeo, ?aaeueieie oiiaaie caaacia/aiiy
?ano?naie i?iaeoeoeaiino?.

6. Aeaiio?oaeiaee iioaioe?ae ?aa?ii?a, ye aaca ?icaeoeo ?o aeiiii?ee ?
i?iaeoeoeaiino?, ca 1992-1998??. caciaa iaaieo ci?i. Ci?ithaaeany a?eiaa
no?oe-oo?a ianaeaiiy, /enaeuei?noue ianaeaiiy o i?aoeacaeaoiiio a?oe?
nei?i/oaaeany. Ioe?iea oaiaeaioe?e oa noaio aeaiia?ao?/ieo i?ioean?a
iieaco?, ui aeaiia?ao?/i? oaeoi?e o a?eueoino? ?aa?ii?a neeaaeathoueny
ye iani?eyoeea? aeey a?aeoai?aiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo, aiane?aeie
yeeo oi?io?oueny caa?iceeaa neooaoe?y aeey caaacia/aiiy aeaiio?oaeiaeo
oiia aei c?inoaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeiiii?ee. I?ia-iici? ?ic?aooiee
aeaiia?ao?/iiai ?icaeoeo a Oe?a?i? ? ?aa?iiao i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue, ui
no/ani? aeaiia?ao?/i? oaiaeaioe?? caa?aaeooueny ye o /enaeueiino?, oae ?
a?eiaiio neeaae? o iai?yi? ciaioaiiy anueiai ianaeaiiy eiai no?oeoo?e.
Oiio ia?niae-oeaia aeaiia?ao?/ia oa nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia iie?oeea
iiaeiia aooe aeinoaoiuei aeoeaiith ye a iai?yi? i?eieiaiiy iaaaoeaieo
oaiaeaioe?e, oae ? caaacia/aii? ?icoe?aiiai a?aeoai?aiiy ianaeaiiy ? ia?
cae?enithaaoeny a nenoai? caoiae?a Aea?aeaaii? oa ?aa?iiaeueieo i?ia?ai
a?aeoai?aiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo. Ia?oi-/a?aiaeie caaaeaiiyie a
oeueiio ? iineeaiiy oaaae a on?o ?aa?iiao aei ?ic?iaee oa ?aae?caoe??
oe?eueiaeo i?ia?ai ii a?aeoai?aiith oa ?icaeoeo o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo,
?icaeoeo n?i’?, ca?eueoaiiy aeioiae?a ianaeaiiy oa ci?oeiaiiy eiai
caei?ia’y.

7. Aeine?aeaeaiiy no/aniiai noaio aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo,
eiai caeiyoino? iieaco?, ui a?i iaoiiaeaiee oe?ieei niaeo?ii
?aa?iiaeueieo i?iaeai ? ??aaiue eiai cieaeoaaany iaeaea o an?o iaeanoyo.

Ci?ia ??aiy caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy aeeeeeaia ye caaaeueiinenoaiieie
ci?iaie, ci?iaie caeiiiaeaa/i? aace, oae e caaaeueiith e?ecith
aeiiii?ee, ui ni?eyei ianiaiio aea?eueiaiith i?aoe?aiee?a, c?inoaiith
aac?ia?ooy. Oea oi?e-ioeiny on?o ?aa?ii?a, oiio a ?iaio? i?iiiio?oueny
i?aeaeuaiiy ?ie? aea?aeaae o iie?oeoe? caeiyoino?, aecia/aiiy ae?eiaeo
iaoai?ci?a ?? ?aaoethaaiiy, caaeaini-aaiino? ?iai/i? neee oa ?iai/eo
i?noeue c a?aooaaiiyi ?eieo i?aoe?, iie?oeee ?iaanooaaiue a aeiiii?eo
?aa?ii?a, aaeineiiaeaiiy ?ici?uaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee oa no?oeoo?ieo
ia?aoai?aiue, oeyo?a ?aae?caoe?? ?eieiaeo i?ia?ai oa i??i?e-oaoiino?
?iaanooaaiiy aeai?aneaieo ?aa?ii?a c iai?oaeaiei noaiii ?eieo i?aoe?.

8. No/ani? i?ioeane oi?ioaaiiy eai?oaeo aeiiii?ee ?aa?ii?a a?aeaeaathoue
caaaeuei? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? ci?ie ? noi?iaiaeaeothoueny iniaeeai
neeaaeieie i?ioeanaie iaeiie/aiiy oa a?aeoai?aiiy eai?oaeo a ?aa?iiao.

A oaeeo ?aa?iiao, ye Aaoiiiiia ?anioae?ea E?ei, Aieeinueea,
Caea?iaonueea, Oa?niinueea, *a?eanueea iaeano? niinoa??aaeiny ciaioaiiy
o?ce/-iiai eai?oaeo a oe?eiio oa ca eiai aeaiaioaie. O aa?oino? eai?oaeo
o an?o ?aa?iiao ia?aaaaea? aa?o?noue iai?ioiiai eai?oaeo. Cia/i?
?ica?aeiino? neeaeeny oaeiae i?ae ?aa?iiaie ca ??aiai
eai?oaeicaaacia/aiino? oa eai?oaeica?i?iino?.

9. Caeeaaeaiiy iniia aaaaoioeeaaeii? ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee o ?aa?iiao ia
iaaoei ye?niiai oa?aeoa?o aeey ooai?aiiy oiia iaeiie/aiiy eai?oaeo.
Ianeaiei a oeueiio ? oiiaeiaee ?eiie a ?aa?iiao. Oea iaoiiaeth? iio?aao
ci?ie aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee o iai?yieo ni?eyiiy ?aaeueiiio ?icaeoeo
oaeiai ?eieiaiai ?inoeoooo ye iaeee oa na?aaei?e a?cian, i?eaaoia
i?aei?e?iieoeueea ae?yeuei?noue, eiieo?aioe?y. Noeioethaaiiy
ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa i?eaaoii? oi?ie aeaniino?
/a?ac iaoai?cie o?iainiai-e?aaeeoii? oa iiaeaoeiai? iie?oeee. Aeey
oeueiai i?iiiio?oueny iineeaiiy a ?aa?iiao ?icaeoeo oaeiai iaoai?cio ye
o?iainiai-i?iieneiaa ?ioaa?aoe?y, eiee naia o?iainiaee eai?oae
iiina?aaeeiao? noai?aiiy oa iaeiie/aiiy o?ce/iiai ae?iaie/iai eai?oaeo
oa ?iai/eo i?noeue. Ia?niaeoeaiei ne?ae aaaaeaoe e?ceiaia? iaoai?cie oa
aeei?enoaiiy ia?aaaa iooi?o, i?eueaiaeo oiia a?eueieo oa niaoe?aeueieo
aeiiii?/ieo cii.

10. Aeine?aeaeaiiy noeoiii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeicaiey? c?iaeoe aeniiaie,
ui i?ioyaii 90-o ?ie?a i?iaeoeoeai?noue aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie ?icaeaaeany c
a?ae’?iiith oaiaeaioe??th. Aiae?c noeoiii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeiiii?ee
iieaco?, ui aeiiii?/i? ?aoi?ie ia noai?eee oiia aeey i?eieiaiiy iaae?iiy
oa ci?ie oe??? oaiaeaioe?? ia iinooiiao noaa?e?caoe?th oa c?inoaiiy.
Oi?ioaaiiy oaiaeaioe?? aeeiai?ee noeoiii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? caeaaeeoue
a?ae i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe?, eai?oaeo, iaoa??aeueieo ?ano?n?a, oiio o
caaacia/aii? ci?i oaeoi?ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ciaoiaeyoueny aieiai?
aeaea?aea iiaeieaiiy no/aniiai noaiiaeua.

11. Aeey ci?ie oaiaeaioe?? aeeiai?ee noeoiii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?
iaoe?iiaeueii? oa ?aa?iiaeueieo aeiiii?e iio??ai? eiiieaeni?
caaaeueiiaea?aeaai? oa ?aa?iiaeuei? i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/i? caoiaee.
Ianaiia?aae, oea caoiaee ii ?aoi?ioaaiith ?inoeoooe?iiaeueii-no?oeoo?ii?
iie?oeee c aecia/aiiyi no?oeoo?ii? ?? iiaeae? o eiaeiiio ?aa?ii? c
a?aooaaiiyi ?o iioaioe?ae?a, ?aoi?ioaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii? noa?e o iai?yi?
i?eueaiaiai iaoai?cio eai?oaeiooai?aiiy, aecia/aiiy i??i?e-oaoiino?
?iiiaaoe?eii? no?aoaa?? ?icaeoeo ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?. Aaaeeeaith
neea-aeiaith uiaei noai?aiiy ia?aaeoiia ci?i i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeiiii?ee a
?aa?iiao ? iineeaiiy caeiiiaeaa/iai caaacia/aiiy aeiiii?/ieo ?aoi?i c
iaeii/aniei iaaeaiiyi ?aa?iiai oe?ieeo iiaeeeainoae aeiiii?/ii?
naiino?eiino? o nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiio ?icaeoeo. Aecia/ai?noue
?aa?iiaeueii? iie?oeee aeanoue iiaeeea?noue a?eueo aoaeoeaiiai
aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?n?a (o?oaeiaeo, eai?oaeo, i?e?iaeieo,
iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai oa ?ioaeaeooaeueiiai iioaioe?ae?a).

12. O eiiieaen? i?iaeai, ui iia’ycai? ?c c?inoaiiyi noeoiii? oa
oae-oi?ii? ?aa?iiaeueii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee ia
??cieo ??aiyo oa aoaiao nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo aaaeeeaith
eaieith ? caaacia/aiiy ia-oeiai iaa?oioiaaiiai, caeiiiaeaa/i
i?aee??ieaiiai i?aai?caoe?eiiai iaoai?cio oi?aae?iiy. A aeena?oaoe??
aeey oeueiai i?iiiio?oueny no?oeoo?a iaoai?cio aei yeiai aoiaeyoue
aeaiaioe iioeaaoe?eiiai ni?yioaaiiy, i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoi?/iiai oa
ca-eiiiaeaa/iai caaacia/aiiy. Oaea iiaeaeue ia?aaeaa/a? ?ic?iaeo
eiioeaioe?? no?aoaa?? ?icaeoeo ii eiaeiiio c ?aa?ii?a ? Oe?a?ie a
oe?eiio oa ?ici?uaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee c a?aooaaiiyi ?nioth/eo oa
ia?iuoaaieo o ia?niaeoea? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo iioaioe?ae?a, ui
iia’ycaii c iiaeaeueoei ?icaeoeii iaoai?ci?a naiia?yaeoaaiiy oa
iioei?caoe?? ii?aeiaiiy ?ioa?an?a ?aa?ii?a c aea?aeaaieie ?ioa-?anaie.
Ae?aeaeoeea oeeo a?aeiinei iiaeiia aacoaaoeny ia caaacia/aii? a eiaei?e
aeiiii?/i?e eaioe? iiaeeeainoae aeeiiaiiy i?eoaiaiieo ?e ooieoe?e o
aeinya-iaii? aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo ? c?inoaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? oeyoii
aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?n?a, caoiae?a ii i?eieiaiith niaaeo
ae?iaieoeoaa oa caaac-ia/aiith eiai c?inoaiiy, ni?eyiiy
eai?oaeiooai?aiith. Aeey oeueiai iio??aia i?enei?aiiy ia?ao eai?oaeo,
eiai ni?yioaaiiy o iaea?eueo i?eaooeia? noa?e, caeo/aiiy ?iicaiiiai ?
aioo??oiueiai ?iaanoi?a, no?aooaaiiy eiai ?ecee?a, ?a-oi?ioaaiiy iieaoe
i?aoe? ? aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy, caaacia/aiiy aaie?anueei? i?aeo?eiee
?aa?iiaeueieo i?ia?ai. O?aaa oaeineiiaeeoe iaoai?ci i?ae?aa?i-iaeueiiai
?aaoethaaiiy athaeaeao?a an?o ??ai?a, i???iooaaoe oeae iaoai?ci ia
ni?eyiiy c?inoaiith i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeiiii?ee ?aa?ii?a, a?eueo
aoaeoeaiiio aeei?enoaiith i?noeaaeo iioaioe?ae?a, ci?oeiaiiy aenii?oiiai
iioaioe?aeo.

INIIAI? IOAE?EAOe?? CA ?ACOEUeOAOAIE AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Iiiiapao??, picae?ee a eieaeoeaieo ipaoeyo:

1. Nieiaoa I.I. Ipiaeoeoeai?noue aeiiii?ee: paa?iiaeuei? aeniaeoe.— E.:
Oiaapenoai “Ciaiiy”. — 1998. — 351 n. (26,07 ae?. a?e.).

2. Aeiiii?ea Oepa?ie: iioaioe?ae, paoipie, iapniaeoeae: Iiiiapao?y o 5o.
O.3. Iaepiaeiiii?/ia iie?oeea, ipiaiicoaaiiy ? aeapaeaaia paaoethaaiiy
aeiiii?ee (ca paae. A.O.Aan?ae?ia, I.TH.Aii/a?) — E.: IAeA?
I?iaeiiii?ee, 1996. — 440 n. (eieaeoeaia — aaoi?e: A.I.Aa?aiia,
E.I.Aaae/, ?.I.Aa?noe, A.O.Aanaae?i, I.I.Nieiaoa, A.A.Oieoi oa ?i.),
aaoipo iaeaaeeoue n.338-353 (1,0 aep. ape.). Iniaenoee aianie: aiae?c
noaio caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy, ??aiy aeeooy, aac?ia?ooy, i?iiiceoe?? aei
aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?ci?a a?aaoethaaiiy oeeo i?ioean?a.

3. Aeiiii?ea Oepa?ie: iioaioe?ae, paoipie, iapniaeoeae: Iiiiapao?y o 5
o., O.4. Nioe?aeueia oa paa?iiaeueia iie?oeea a oiiaao iapaoiaeo aei
peieiai? aeiii-i?ee (Ca paae. A.O.Aan?ae?ia,?.E.Aiiaea?, A.?.Ieee,
I.A.Nieieaiei). — E.: IAeA? I?iaeiiii?ee. — 1996. — 432 n. (eieaeoeaia —
aaoi?e: A.I.Aaac, ?.E.Aiiaea?, A.?.Aoaaeiaa, I.I.Aaeae, I.A.A?aaai/aiei,
I.I.Nieiaoa oa ?i.), aaoipo iaea-aeeoue 1,0 aep. ape. (n.224-242).
Iniaenoee aianie: aeeeaaeaii iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei ioe?iee oa aiae?co
i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe? a aea?aeaaao c ?eieiaith aeiiii?eith.
Iaa?oioiao?oueny ?aeay iiai? o?aeoiaee i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe?,
iaiao?aei?noue nen-oaiiiai i?aeoiaeo aei oe??? eaoaai???, ca’ycie ?? c
aeei?enoaiiyi on?o ?ano?n?a-oaeoi??a.

4. Aiiaea? ?.E., Nieiaoa I.I., *?i/?e??a A.E. Ioooipiue aecian e
iaeiieaiea eaieoaea. Niaoeauione // Oeiainiaay eiinoeueoaoeey. — E. —
1999. — ?36-52. — 73 n. (5,6 aep. ape.), aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue 2,0 ae?. a?e.
(n. 2-27). Iniaenoee aianie: aeeeaaeaii oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy
eai?oaeiooai?aiiy, aeaea?aea iaeiie/aiiy eai?oaeo oa no/ani? iaoai?cie
?ica’ycaiiy i?iaeai iaeiie/aiiy eai?oaeo a oiiaao ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo
aei ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee.

5. Iii?oipeia nioe?aeueieo ipioean?a a Oepa?i? (ca paae . ?.E.Aiiaeap,
A.A.ss?ioaiei, A.?.Iaoiaiei, I.?.Nieieaiei). Iiiiapao?y. — E.:
Oiaapenoai “Ciaiiy”. — 1999. — 314 n. (eieaeoeaia — aaoi?e: ?.E.Aiiaea?,
A.A.ss?ioaiei, I.I.Eoci?oeiaa, I.?.Nieieaiei, I.I.Nieiaoa oa ?i.);
aaoipo iaeaaeeoue 2,0 aep. ape. (n.187-215). Iniaenoee aianie:
aeeeaaeaii no/ani? aeaiia?ao?/i? i?ioeane a ?aa?iiao Oe?a?ie a aniaeo?
oi?ioaaiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo. I?iiiio?oueny nenoaia iieaciee?a oa
iaoiaee aiae?co aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo Oe?a?ie oa ??
?aa?ii?a.

Noaoo? o iaoeiaeo ca??ieeao oa iaoa??aeao

6. Nieiaoa I.I. Iaoiaee/aneea iiaeoiaeu e oaeoipiiio aiaeeco
ipiecaiaeeoaeueiinoe opoaea // “Nioeeaeueiay caueoa ianaeaiey a oneiaeyo
puiea”/ Nai?iee iao/iuo opoaeia. — E.: IEYE Ieienoapnoaa yeiiiieee
Oepaeiu. — 1992. — n. 51-62 (0,7 aep. ape.).

7. Nieiaoa I.I. Eiiieaeniue aiaeec oaeoipia pinoa ipiecaiaeeoaeue-iinoe
opoaea // “Ipaaiecaoeey e paaoeepiaaiea yeiiiieee” / Iaaeaaaeiinoaai-iue
iao/iue naipiee. — E.: ”Eea?aeue”. — 1993. — auione 112. — n.66-71 (0,5
aep. ape.).

8. Aiiaea? ?.E., Nieiaoa I.I. Ipiaeoeoeai?noue ipaoe? — iia? i?aeoiaee
// Oepa?ia: aniaeoe ipaoe?. — 1995. — ?1-2. — n.17-21 (0,5 aep. ape.),
aaoi?o iaea-aeeoue n.17-19 (0,4 ae?. a?e.). Iniaenoee aianie:
iaa?oioiaothoueny iia? eiioeaioo-aeuei? i?aeoiaee aei i?iaeoeoeaiino?
i?aoe? a nenoai? ?eieiaeo oiia aeei?enoaiiy i?aoe? oa ioe?iee ??
i?iaeoeoeaiino?.

9. Ee?’yi O., Oaiiaae I., Nieiaoa I., A?oa? A., Oeiiay I. Inue oae ?
aeeaaii: ipi i?aenoiee nioe?aeueiiai noaio a Oepa?i? a 1994 p. //
Oepa?ia: aniaeoe ipaoe?. — 1995. — ?3-4. — n. 59-62, aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue
n. 59-60 (0,3 aep. ape.). Iniaenoee aianie: aeine?aeaeai? aeaiia?ao?/i?
i?ioeane a Oe?a?i?, i?iaiae?ciaaei ?eiie i?aoe?, iaa?oioiaai?
i?iiiceoe?? eiai a?aaoethaaiiy.

10. Nieiaoa I.I. ?eiie ipaoe? (iaeyae no/anieo iiaeaeae) // Oepa?ia:
aniaeoe ipaoe?. — 1995. — ?7—8. — n. 3-6 (0,5 aep. ape.).

11. Nieiaoa I.I. Caeiyo?noue ethaeae iioeeiai a?eo // Oepa?ia: aniaeoe
ipaoe?. — 1996. — ?1. — n.8-11. (0,5 aep. ape.).

12. Nieiaoa I.I. I?aeoiaee aei aecia/aiiy iieaciee?a ipiaeoeoeaiino? //
Oepa?ia: aniaeoe ipaoe?. — 1996. — ?4. — n. 50-56 (0,7 aep. ape.).

13. Nieiaoa I.I., *?i/?e??a A.E. Aieea ci?ie oipi aeaniino? ia
ipiaeoe-oeai?noue // Oepa?ia: aniaeoe ipaoe? . — 1996. — ?6. — n.43-46
(0,5 aep. ape.), aa-oi?o iaeaaeeoue 0,2 ae?. a?e. Iniaenoee aianie:
aeeeaaeaia iiceoe?y aaoi?a uiaei aca?iica’yceo ona?aeiieaiiy aeaniino?
i?aoe?aieeii a ei?ii?aoeaieo noa’?eoao ? ?oiueith i?iaeoeoeai?noth
i?aoe?, a?eueo iioeiaeueia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae /enaeue-i?noth ?
ianyaaie ae?iaieoeoaa ia i?aei?e?inoaao c aeani?noth i?aoe?aiee?a
cai?noue aeaniino? eieaeoeao.

14. Aei?iaoioeia N.?., Nieiaoa I.I. Nopoeoopi? cpooaiiy o noap?
caeiy-oino? // Oepa?ia: aniaeoe ipaoe?. 1997. ?1. n.15-18 (0,7 aep.
ape.), aaoi?o ia-eaaeeoue n.16-18 (0,5 ae?. a?e.). Iniaenoee aianie:
aeine?aeaeai? no?oeoo?i? c?ooai-iy a caeiyoino?, aeine?aeaeaia
i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe? a ??cieo noa?ao aeiiii?ee.

15. Nieiaoa I.I. Iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei oaeoipiiai aiae?co
ipiaeoeoeaiino? ipaoe? // Iaoa??aee iaoeiai-ipaeoe/ii? eiioapaioe??
“Opoaeiaee iioaioe?ae Oepa?ie”. — Eooeuee. — 1992. — n. 39-40 (0,2
aep.ape.).

16. Nieiaoa I.I. Nopoeoopii-oaeoipiee aiae?c eai?oaeo Oepa?ie //
Iiia?oipeia ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? a Oepa?i?. — 1998. — Aeione 2. —
n. 18-22 (0,5 aep. ape.).

17. Nieiaoa I.I. Oipioaaiiy eai?oaeo oa eiai aeeipenoaiiy ii paa?iiao
Oepa?ie // Iii?oipeia ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? a Oepa?i?. — 1998. —
Aeione 3. — n. 30-33 (0,5 aep. ape.).

18. Nieiaoa I.I. Aeaiiapao?/iee iioaioe?ae paa?ii?a // ?aa?iiaeueia
aeiiii?ea. — 1997. — ?4. — n. 73-79 (0,4 aep.ape.).

19. Nieiaoa I.I. Caeiyo?noue ianaeaiiy a ?aa?iiao ? aeaiia?ao?/i?
oaeoi?e ?? oi?ioaaiiy // Oe?a?ia: aniaeoe i?aoe?. — 1997. — ?5. — n.
13-15 (0,5 ae?. a?e.)

20. Nieiaoa I.I. Aei ieoaiiy iaoiaeieia?/ieo i?aeoiae?a iiaoaeiae
nenoaie iieaciee?a ipiaeoeoeaiino? ipaoe? a paa?ii? // ?aa?iiaeueia
aeiiii?ea. — 1998. — ? 4 (10). — n. 47-57 (0,5 aep. ape.).

21. Sologub O. Structural and factorial analysis of Ukraines national
and regional capital // Monitoring investment Activities in Ukraine. —
1998. — june.2. — p. 18-22 (0,5 aep. ape.).

22. Nieiaoa I.I. Noeoiia ipiaeoeoeai?noue aeiiii?ee paa?ii?a Oepa?ie oa
?? iapnieoeae // Oace aeiiia?aeae ia I?aeiapiaei?e eiioapaioe?? c
ieoaiue aeiiii?ee paa?iiaeueiiai picaeoeo. — Euea?a. — 1998. — n. 43-44
(0,2 aep. ape.).

23. Sologub O. Regional aspects of capital formation // Monitoring
Invectment Activities in Ukraine. — 1998. — juli.3. — p. 18-22
(0,5aep.ape.).

24. Nieiaoa I.I. ?iiiaaoe?eia nopaoaa?y, ye aeoeaiee oaeoip cpinoaiiy
ipiaeoeoeaiino? aeiiii?ee paa?ii?a: — i?iaiic ca 2010 ?. // Iii?oipeia
?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? a Oepa?i?. — 1999. — ?1. — n. 22-25 (0,5
aep. ape.).

25. Nieiaoa I.I. Ipiaeoeoeai?noue paa?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee: ipiaiici?
oai-aeaioe?? // I?iaeaie iaoee. — OepIO?. — 1999. — ?4. — n. 33-43 (1,0
aep. ape.).

26. Nieiaoa I.I. ?iiiaaoe?ei? nopaoaa?? ia eiieopaioieo peieao paa?ii?a
Oepa?ie. // Iii?oi?eia ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? a Oe?a?i?. — 1999. —
?2. — n. 18-25 (0,5 aep. ape.).

27. Nieiaoa I.I. Ipiaeoeoeai?noue aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie oa paa?ii?a, oeyoe
?? c?inoaiiy // I?iaeaie iaoee. — E.: — 1999. — ?6. — n. 6-16 (0,9 aep.
ape.).

28. Nieiaoa I.I. ?aa?iiaeueia aeiiii?ea: iioaioe?aee ? i?iaeoeoeai?noue.
— E.: Oiaa?enoai «Ciaiiy». — 1999. — 115 n. (6,0 ae?.a?e.).

29. Nieiaoa I.I. Oaeoi?iee aiae?c eai?oaeo // Iii?oi?eia ?iaanoeoe?eii?
ae?yeueiino? a Oe?a?i?. — 1999. — ?3. — n. 18-25 (0,5 ae?.a?e.).

30. Nieiaoa I.I., *?i/?e??a A.E. Iaoiaee/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii
iaei-aiaiio ieaie?iaaieth. Iaoeiaa i?aoey. Na?aeioeoai i?i aea?aeaaio
?a?no?aoe?th i?aa aaoi?a ia oa?? IA ?2161. Aeaoa ?a?no?aoe?? 30.07.1999.
Aea?aeaaia Aaaionoai Oe?a?ie c aaoi?nueeeo ? noi?aeieo i?aa. — 73 n.
(5,6 aep. ape.), aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue n.2-37 (2,8 ae?. a?e.). Iniaenoee
aianie: iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii iaeiie-/aiith eai?oaea oa aieea ia
oeae i?ioean i?eueaiaiai iiiaeaoeoaaiiy.

AIIOAOe?ss

Nieiaoa I.I. Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeiii-i?ee
Oe?a?ie: ?aa?iiaeuei? aniaeoe. ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a aeiiii?/ieo iaoe ca
niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.10.01 — ?ici?uaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee ? ?aa?iiaeueia
aeiiii?ea. — ?aaea ii aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie,
i.Ee?a, 1999.

A aeena?oaoe?? ?ice?eaa?oueny oai?aoe/iee ci?no eaoaai??? ?eieiai?
aeiii-i?ee — i?iaeoeoeaiino?, ?? nooi?noue, iaoiaeieia?y aecia/aiiy,
nenoaia iieaciee?a ia/eneaiiy ia iae?iaeiiii?/iiio oa ?aa?iiaeueiiio
??aiyo. Aecia/ai? oaeoi?e oa iaa?oioiaaia ?oiy eeaneo?eaoe?y.
I?iaeoeoeai?noue aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie ?icaey-aea?oueny o ca’yceo c
caaaeueiinenoaiieie ci?iaie, nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iei ?aoi?-ioaaiiyi.
Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeiiii?ee aaco?oueny ia oai??? ??aiyiiy
oaeoi??a, ?oiuei? a?aie/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? oa iin??a
aeioiaeiooai?thth/i? ooieoe??.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue aiae?c oi?ioaaiiy ? aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?niiai
iioaioe?aeo Oe?a?ie oa ?? ?aa?ii?a (aeaiio?oaeiaiai, eai?oaeo,
i?e?iaeii?ano?niiai oiui). Ia aaeeeiio oaeoe/iiio iaoa??ae? aia?oa
aena?oeth?oueny aeeiai?ea i?iaeoeoeaiino? ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie
? ?aa?ii?a (i?aoe?, eai?oaeo, i?e?iaeii?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo oiui).
Aiae?c i?iaeoeoeaiino? oaeoi??a-?ano?n?a aeeiiaii o aca?iica’yceo c
aeei?enoaiiyi ?iai/eo i?noeue. I?iaeoeoeai?noue aeiiii?ee
aeine?aeaeo?oueny a i?iaiiciiio /an?, iaa?oioiaothoueny i??i?eoaoi?
iai?yie ?iaanoeoe?eii? oa ?iiiaaoe?eii? iie?oeee, i?iiiio?oueny iaoai?ci
oi?aae?iiy i?iaeoeoeai?noth.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: i?iaeoeoeai?noue aeiiii?ee, noeoiia, oaeoi?ia
i?iaeoeoeai?noue, ?aa?ii (iaeanoue), iioaioe?ae, o?oaeia? ?ano?ne,
caeiyo?noue, i?aoey, aeani?noue, aeiiii?/i? iaoai?cie, ?iaanoeoe??,
?iiiaaoe??, ?eiie.

AIIIOAOeEss

Nieiaoa A.I. Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieiae/aneea iniiau i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe
yeiiiieee Oe?aeiu: ?aaeiiaeueiua aniaeou. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie aeieoi?a yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.10.01 — ?aciauaiea i?iecaiaeeoaeueiuo nee e
?aaeiiaeueiay yeiiiieea. — Niaao ii eco/aieth i?iecaiaeeoaeueiuo nee
IAI Oe?aeiu, a. Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey niaea?aeeo iao/iia ?ane?uoea oai?aoe/aneeo iieiaeaiee
eaoaai?ee ?uii/iie yeiiiieee — i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe, aa nouiinoe,
iaoiaeieiaee ii?aaeaeaiey, nenoaiu iieacaoaeae en/eneaiey ia
iae?iyeiii-ie/aneii e ?aaeiiaeueiii o?iaiyo.

Oeaeueth enneaaeiaaiey yaeyaony ?ac?aaioea oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieiae/aneeo,
iaoiaee/aneeo e i?aeoe/aneeo iieiaeaiee ioeaiee i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe
yeiii-ieee ?aaeiiia, ii?aaeaeaiea aeeyiey iaeaieaa cia/eiuo oaeoi?ia ia
aa aeeiaieeo e o?iaaiue, i?iaiic eciaiaiee i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe,
iainiiaaiea no?aoaaee eiiiaaoeeiiiie iieeoeee, iaoaiecia oi?aaeaiey
i?iecaiaeeoaeue-iinoueth yeiiiieee ia iae?i- e ?aaeiiaeueiii o?iaiyo.

Enneaaeiaaiea ii oaia i?iaaaeaii a aniaeoa ?aoaiey ?yaea eiie?aoiuo
caaea/: ?ane?uoea nouiinoe eaoaai?ee i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe yeiiiieee e eo
ianoa a nenoaia eaoaai?ee yeiiiie/aneiai ?inoa.

?ac?aaioaia oai?aoe/aneay eiioeaioeey noai?aeeia?iie nayce
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe yeiiiieee ?aciuo o?iaiae n ae?oaeie yeiiiie/aneeie
eaoaai?eyie, eioi?ua acaeiiaeaenoaotho e aeeytho ia oi?ie?iaaiea
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe ii oacai aini?iecaiaenoaa.

Ii?aaeaeaiu oaeoi?u i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe yeiiiieee, iainiiaaia eo
eeanneoeeaoeey. I?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue yeiiiieee Oe?aeiu ?anniao?eaaaony
a nayce n iauanenoaiiuie eciaiaieyie, nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneeie
?aoi?iaie. Enneaaeiaaiea i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe yeiiiieee aace?oaony ia
oai?ee ?aaainoaa oaeoi?ia, i?aaeaeueiie i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe e i?enouae
ei aeioiaei-ia?acothuae ooieoeee. I?aaeeiaeaia iiaeaeue nenoaiu
yeiiiie/aneeo ioiioaiee a aeaea “iiey ioiioaiee”, a eioi?ie eaaeaeue
yeaiaio eaoaai?ee, ooieoeei-ie?othuae a i?aaeaeao “iiey” yaeyaony
iineoaeai aeioiaeiia?acothuae ooieoeee, oi?ie?othuae
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue. A aeenna?oaoeee iainiiaaia nenoaia iieaca-oaeae
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe yeiiiieee, eeanneoeeaoeeiiiay nenoaia iieacaoaeae
?ano?niuo iioaioeeaeia ?aaeiiia a oneiaeyo ?uiea. ?ac?aaioaia
iaoiaeieiaey oaeoi?iiai aiaeeca i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe yeiiiieee a
?uii/iuo oneiaeyo e i?aaeeiaeaia nenoaia iieacaoaeae aa ioeaiee
(niaieoiiie, /anoe/iie, oaeoi?iie). Niaea?aeeony aiaeec oi?ie?iaaiey e
eniieueciaaiey ?ano?niiai iioaioeeaea Oe?aeiu e aa ?aaeiiia
(aeaiio?oaeiaiai, eaieoaea, i?e?iaeii-?ano?niiai e o.ae.). Ia aieueoii
oaeoe/aneii iaoa?eaea aia?aua inaauaaony nia?aiaiiue o?iaaiue e
oaiaeaioeee aeeiaieee i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe ia?aoiaeiie yeiiiieee Oe?aeiu
e ?aaeiiia (o?oaea, eaieoaea, i?e?iaeii-?ano?niiai iioaioeeaea). Aiaeec
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe oaeoi?ia-?ano?nia, auiieiai ai acaeiinayce n
eniieueciaaieai ?aai/eo iano. I?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue yeiiiieee
enneaaeoaony a i?iaiiciii ia?eiaea, iainiiauaathony i?ei?eoaoiua
iai?aaeaiey eiaanoeoeeiiiie e eiiiaaoeeiiiie iieeoeee. Eciaiaiea
oaiaeaioeee aeeiaieee i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe iaoeeiiaeueiie yeiiiieee
aaoi? naycuaaao n ?aoi?ie?iaaieai einoeoooeeiiaeueii-no?oeoo?iie
iieeoeee n ii?aaeaeaieai no?oeoo?iie aa iiaeaee aeey eaaeaeiai
eiie?aoiiai ?aaeiia n o/aoii eo iioaioeeaeia, auai?a eiaanoeoeeiiiie
noa?u, iaoaiecia e enoi/ieeia eaieoaeiaeiaeaiee, eaieoaei-ia?aciaaiey. A
?aaioa iainiiauaaaony iieiaeaiea i ia?ai?eaioaoeee yeiiiie/aneie
no?aoaaee a nia?aiaiiii ia?aoiaeiii ia?eiaea Oe?aeiu e eiiiaaoeeiiiui
iaoiaeai oi?aaeaiey ?acaeoeai, eioi?ua naycaiu n iiauoaieai
eniieueciaaiey eioaeeaeooaeueiiai, iao/ii-oaoie/aneiai e
oaoiieiae/aneiai iioaioeeaeia. Ia?auaaony aieiaiea ia aeaeueiaeoaa
onei?aiea caeiiiaea-oaeueiiai iaania/aiey oaeoaeaiey yeiiiie/aneeo
?aoi?i, oneeaiea yeiiiie-/aneie naiinoiyoaeueiinoe ?aaeiiia a
nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneii ?acaeoee.

A eiiieaena i?iaeai, eioi?ua aaoi? naycuaaao n iaania/aieai niaieoiiie e
oaeoi?iie ?aaeiiaeueiie i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe iaoeeiiaeueiie yeiiiieee ia
?aciuo o?iaiyo e yoaiao nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneiai ?acaeoey aaaeiui
caaiii yaeyaony iaania/aiea iao/ii iainiiaaiiiai, caeiiiaeaoaeueii
iiaee?aieaiiiai i?aaiecaoeeiiiiai iaoaiecia oi?aaeaiey. Yoi
i?aaeoniao?e-aaao iaania/aiea iaiaoiaeeiuo i?aaeiinueie a
oeiainiai-yeiiiie/aneie noa?a, nicaeaiea ?aaeueiie ?uii/iie yeiiiieee e
aeaeueiaeoaai niaa?oainoai-aaiey iaoaiecia ?acaeaeaiey ooieoeee
ainoaea?noaa e ?aaeiiia. I?aaeeaaaaony iaoaieci oi?aaeaiey
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoueth, eioi?ue aeeth/aao eiioeaioeeth no?aoaae/aneiai
?acaeoey ii eaaeaeiio ec ?aaeiiia Oe?aeiu, ?aciauaiey i?iecaiaeeoaeueiuo
nee, iaoaieciia naiioi?aaeaiey e iioeiecaoeee iooai iaeiaiaie e
athaeaeaoiie iieeoeee acaeiieioa?ania ?aaeiiia e ainoaea?noaa.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: yeiiiie/aneea eaoaai?ee, i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue
yeiiiieee, niaieoiiay, oaeoi?iay i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue, ?aaeii
(iaeanoue), oaeoi?u, iioaioeeaeu, o?oaeiaua ?ano?nu, caiyoinoue, o?oae,
nianoaaiiinoue, yeiiiie/aneea iaoaieciu, eiaanoeoeee, eiiiaaoeee,
eiaeaenii-iao?e/iia iiaeaee?iaaiea, ?uiie.

ANNOTATION

Sologub O.P. Theoretical and methodological basis of productivity of
Ukranian economic structure: regional aspects. Manuscript.

The Thesis for a Doctor’s degree on Economics on the speciality 08.10.01
— Placing of productive — power resourses and economics of regions. —
Kyiv: Council of Productive Forces Study of the National Academy of
Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999.

The dissertation concerns scientific basis of theoretical categoris of
market economic structure — productivity, its essence, methods of
estimation, the index systems of calculation on macroeconomical and
regional standards. In this thesis are astimated factors of productivity
and substantiated their classification. Ucrainian economic structure is
analised in connection with changes of the whole system and social —
aconomical reforms.

Investigation of productivity of economic structure is based on the
theory of equality of factors, their limit productivity to bearers of
function of creation of profit. The thesis concerns analysis of creation
and using of potential resourses of Ukraine and its regions (natural
resourse capital etc.). The thesis has a great deal of factical
materials which vividly sholds modern standards and dynamics of
productivity of transitional economic structure of Ukraine and its
regions (labour, capital, potential natural resourses etc.) of
productivity. The investigations of factors — resourses are made in
connection with usage of working places.

The productivity of economic structure is investigated from the joint of
view of future development. The priority directions of investment and
innovation policy are grounded. The mechanizm of productivity is
proposed.

Key words: economic category, productivity of economic structure,
aggregated factor productivity, region, factors, potentials, manpower
resourses, property, mechanizm of economic structure, investments,
innovations, index-matrix modelling, marcet.

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