IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO AAIEIA?? ? AAIO?I?? AI?TH*EO EIIAEEI

O a ae i ? e o e i Ae i e o ? i Ae i e o ? i a e /

OAeE 553.981:550.836

Oai?aoeei-aenia?eiaioaeuei? iniiae iao?io?ce/ii? oa aaio?ce/ii?
ae?aaiinoeee oiieii?ioa?eiaeo ii??ae-eieaeoi??a iaooe ? aaco (ia
i?eeeaae? Ea?iaonueei? iaooiaaciiinii? i?ia?ioe??)

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 04.00.17 — Aaieia?y iaooe ? aaco

04.00.22 — Aaio?ceea

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a aaieia?/ieo iaoe

Euea?a — 1999 ?.

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii

Aeena?oaoe?y aeeiiaia a ?aaii-O?aie?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao?
iaooe ? aaco, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? aaieiai-i?ia?aeia?/ieo iaoe, Inaae/ee A?oae?e A?eai?iae/,
?inoeooo aaieia?? ? aaio?i?? ai?th/eo eiiaee IAIO, i. Euea?a, aieiaiee
iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

aeieoi? aaieiai-i?ia?aeia?/ieo iaoe, Eoe?i Ieaenaiae? THoeiiae/,
?inoeooo aaieia?/ieo iaoe IAIO, i. Ee?a, caa. a?aeae?eo e?oieia??
iaooiaaciiinieo ? ?oaeiiinieo oi?iaoe?e

aeieoi? aaieiai-i?ia?aeia?/ieo iaoe, Eo?aainueeee Aaea??e Ieeeoiae/,
Iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao ?i. O.Oaa/aiea, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie,
i. Ee?a, i?ioani? eaoaae?e aaio?ceee

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee aaieiai?ica?aeoaaeueiee
?inoeooo, Aea?aeeiiaaieia?? Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e aaio?ce/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, a?aeae?e ieanoiaeo nenoai, i. Euea?a

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny 4 eenoiiaaea 1999?. i 14
aiae. ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee Ae 35.152.01 i?e ?inoeooo?
aaieia?? ? aaio?i?? ai?th/eo eiiaeei IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith:

2900053 i.Euea?a, aoe. Iaoeiaa 3a.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? ?AAAE AI Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 1 aeiaoiy 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao aaieiai-i?ia?aeia?/ieo iaoe
I.A.Oiae?anueea

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie iia’ycaia c iiooeaie aaco a aaieia?/ieo ?ic??cao
?c oiieii?ioa?eiaith aoaeiaith. Neeaaei?noue aea/aiiy oaeeo ?ic??c?a o
?aeiiao aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu Ia?aaeea?iaonueeiai i?iaeio oa ?ioeo
iaooiaaciiinieo ?a??iiao coiiaeaia ia?aoa?oaaiiyi aeeienoeo, i?uaienoeo,
aeaa?ie?oiaeo, a?a?e?oiaeo e?oioei?a c ??ciith iao?io?ce/iith oa
aaio?ce/iith oa?aeoa?enoeeaie. I?iaeaia aeae?eaiiy eieaeoi??a,
aecia/aiiy ?o eieaeoi?nueeeo ia?aiao??a, ioe?iee oa?aeoa?o
oeth?aeiiane/aiiy, e?oieia?/iiai ?ic/eaioaaiiy neeaaeieo aaieia?/ieo
?ic??c?a i?eaa?oa? iino?eii oaaao iaoeiaoe?a oa niaoe?ae?no?a.
Aiaeii/an, iaaeineiiae?noue iaoiaeee aea/aiiy eieaeoi?nueeeo
aeanoeainoae ii??ae-eieaeoi??a oiieii?ioa?eiaeo ?ic??c?a, iaaeinoaoiy
?ioi?iaoeai?noue aaio?ce/ieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy naa?aeeiaei,
a?aenooi?noue iiaeo iaoiaeee oa iaoiae?a coiiaeei oa, ui o?aaeeoe?eiee
i?aeo?ae aei aea/aiiy oaeiai oeio ii??ae ? ?ic??c?a, ia aeaa aaaeaieo
?acoeueoao?a. Cia/ia e?euee?noue i?iaeoeoeaieo ieano?a ia aeae?eyeanue,
ia aeinoia??ii ioe?ithaaany oa?aeoa? iane/aiiy ieano?a ?, ye iane?aeie,
cia/ia e?euee?noue iaooiaaciai? i?iaeoeoe?? ia aeeo/aeanue.

Iiyaa iiaeo yaea?ii-o?ce/ieo iaoiae?a ? canoinoaaiiy ?o o i?ioean?
aaieiai?ica?aeoaaeueieo ?ia?o, aeicaiey? i?aeaeueoe ?ioi?iaoeai?noue
ae??oaiiy aaieia?/ieo caaea/, ii-iiaiio i?ae?eoe aei aea/aiiy
e?oieiai-iao?io?ce/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ii??ae, ye? aeiiaiththoue
oiieii?ioa?eia? ?ic??ce.

Caeeoa?oueny iaae??oaiith, aea iaaecae/aeii aeooaeueiith, i?iaeaia
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a yaea?ii-o?ce/ieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy
oiieii?ioa?eiaeo ?ic??c?a, a oaeiae i?iaeaia a?aooaaiiy aieeao
i?ia?aeia?/iiai neeaaeo ii??ae ia ?o o?ce/i? ia?aiao?e.

?ic?iaea oai?aoe/ieo iniia ? ia??oiooaaiiy aieeao naa?aeeiaeiieo
oaeoi??a ia iieace yaea?ii-o?ce/ieo iaoiae?a, noai?aiiy iao?io?ce/ii?
aace aeey ioe?iee ?ii?nii-o?eueo?aoe?eieo ia?aiao??a ii??ae-eieaeoi??a
oiieii?ioa?eiaeo ?ic??c?a, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a aaieiai-iiooeia? ?iaioe
iiaeo iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii aeae?eaiith i?iaeoeoeaieo ieano?a,
aeicaieeoue i?aeaeueoe ?ioi?iaoeai?noue aaieiai-aaio?ce/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue a Ea?iaonuee?e iaooiaaciiini?e i?ia?ioe??.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie oa oaiaie. Ia?aiee iai?yi
aeine?aeaeaiue ??oioo?oueny ia ?acoeueoaoao aaaaoi??/ieo
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o ii oai? “Eiiieaenia aea/aiiy eieaeoi??a
iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu Ia?aaeea?iaooy.”, ye? i?iaiaeeeenue a ?aieao
aaeocaai? iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? eaai?aoi??? (AIAeE-6) ?inoeoooo
iaooiaaciaeo oaoiieia?e ?aaii-O?aie?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo iaooe ? aaco ia i?ioyc? 1981-1997??. ?c AeI
“Aea?aeeiiaaieia?y”, AeAI “Oe?aaio?ceea”, AeAI “Cao?aeoe?aaieia?y”, AeAI
“*i?iiii?iaooiaac” oa Oi?aae?iiyi aaieia?/ieo ?ia?o i. Iieoaaa i?ae
aaciina?aaei?i ea??aieoeoaii aaoi?a.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue. I?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? oa
?ioi?iaoeaiino? aaieiai-aaio?ce/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue oiieii?ioa?eiaeo
?ic??c?a ca ?aooiie ?ic?iaee oai?aoe/ieo oa iaoiaee/ieo iniia
eiiieaeniiai i?aeoiaeo aei aea/aiiy e?oieiai-i?ia?aeia?/ii? aoaeiae
ii??ae-eieaeoi??a oa aecia/aiiy ?o eieaeoi?nueeeo aeanoeainoae.

Iniiai? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue:

1.Aeine?aeeoe iniaeeaino? i?ia?aeia?/iiai neeaaeo ii??ae-eieaeoi??a
i?ioeaiiaeo a?aeeeaae?a ? oa?aeoa?o ?iciiae?eo a ieo ?aae?iaeoeaieo
i?ia?ae?a.

2.Anoaiiaeoe caeiiii??iino? ?iciiae?eo i?e?iaeieo ?aae?iaeoeaieo
?cioii?a o ii?iaeao-eieaeoi?ao i?ioeaiiaeo a?aeeeaae?a.

3.Ioe?ieoe aieea oiia ?ice?eooy i?iaeoeoeaieo ii??ae ia ?acoeueoaoe
aaio?ce/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

4.Aeeiiaoe aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao oa?iiaa?e/ieo oiia ia
?ii?nii-o?eueo?aoe?ei? ia?aiao?e c?ace?a ea?io c iaoith noai?aiiy ia ?o
iniia? iiaeo aoaeoeaieo iaoiaeee i?aeaeuaiiy ?ioi?iaoeaiino?
aaieiai-aaio?ce/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

5.Oai?aoe/ii ia??oiooaaoe ? ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii
aeei?enoaiith aaaaoiciiaeiaiai iaeo?iiiiai ea?ioaaeo (AIE) aeey
aecia/aiiy ?ii?nieo ia?aiao??a ii??ae-eieaeoi??a.

6.Aeine?aeeoe iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy yaea?ii-iaai?oieo oa
aaia-niaeo?iiao?e/ieo iaoiae?a aeey ae??oaiiy caaea/ e?oieia?/iiai
?ic/eaioaaiiy oiieii?ioa?eiaeo aaieia?/ieo ?ic??c?a, ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeee
aecia/aiiy iniiaieo ?ii?nii-o?eueo?aoe?eieo ia?aiao??a
ii??ae-eieaeoi??a.

7.?ic?iaeoe aeai?eoie ?ic?aooie?a i?noeaciaoiaeaeaiiy a?aieoeue ieano?a
oa niiniae i?i?i?caoe?? iiieeee ?o aecia/aiiy a oiieii?ioa?eiaeo
aaieia?/ieo ?ic??cao.

Oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae ? iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiue. A iniiao ?iaioe
iieeaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ? niinoa?aaeaiue, ye? aaoi?
i?iaiaeea c 1981?., i?aoethth/e ia ??cieo iaoeiaeo iinaaeao ia eaoaae??
aaio?ce/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue naa?aeeiaei ?aaii-O?aie?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo iaooe ? aaco, a oiio /ene? ?? caa?aeoaa/ai. A
?acoeueoao? ocaaaeueiaiiy oa aiae?co aeaieo iieueiaeo oa eaai?aoi?ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue oiieii?ioa?eiaeo aaieia?/ieo ?ic??c?a o aaoi?a neeaeanue
iniaenoa aeoiea i?i oi?ioaaiiy oa i?ia?aeia?/iee neeaae ii??ae, a oaeiae
uiaei iaoiaeee oa oaoiieia?e ?o aeine?aeaeaiue. Aaoi?ii aeey aaieia?/ieo
iiaoaeia aeei?enoaii iaoa??aee ??cieo ae?iaie/eo ? iaoeiaeo
i?aai?caoe?e, ye AeAI “Cao?aeoe?aaieia?y”, AeAI “Oe?aaio?ceea”, AeI
“Aea?aeeiiaaieia?y” oa ?ioeo.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe.

 Aia?oa aeey oiieii?ioa?eiaeo i?ioeaiiaeo a?aeeeaae?a aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu
?ic?iaeaii ? cai?iiiiiaaii ?o eeaneo?eaoe?th, yea aaco?oueny ia
?acoeueoaoao eiiieaenieo iao?ia?ao?/ieo ? aaieiai-aaio?ce/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue c aeei?enoaiiyi yaea?ii-o?ce/ieo iaoiae?a.

 Ia??oioiaaii oa aeieacaii aeinoia??i?noue aeae?eaiiy i?uaieo i?ioa?e?a
o oiieii?ioa?eiaeo ?ic??cao i?ioeaio oa i?iaaaeaii
e?oieiai-no?aoea?ao?/io ei?aeyoe?th ca aeaieie yaea?ii-o?ce/ieo
iaoiae?a.

 Anoaiiaeaii aaaaoii??i? aca?iica’ycee i?ae ci?iith o?ce/ieo ia?aiao??a
ii??ae-eieaeoi??a oiieii?ioa?eiaeo ?ic??c?a oa ?o ?ioi?iaoe?eiith
oa?aeoa?enoeeith ca aeaieie AAeN.

 ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioa ii?enoino?
ii??ae-eieaeoi??a o oiieii?ioa?eiaeo aaieia?/ieo ?ic??cao ca
?acoeueoaoaie aeonoe/iiai oa ?aae?iaeoeaiiai ea?ioaaeo.

 ?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoi ?ic?aooieo i?noeaciaoiaeaeaiiy iaae ieano?a o
oiieii?ioa?eiaeo ?ic??cao oa i?i?i?caoe?? iioeaee ?o aecia/aiiy ca
aeaieie ?aae?iaeoeaieo iaoiae?a.

 Aia?oa ?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoi ?ic?aooieo aaee/eie aieeao aeeooc?eieo oa
oiia?eueithth/eo oaeoi??a na?aaeiaeua ia ?acoeueoaoe iaeo?iiiiai
ea?ioaaeo.

 Ia??oioiaaia ? aeiaaaeaia aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy yaea?ii-o?ce/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue i?e aea/aii? ?ii?nii? oa e?oieiai-iao?ia?ao?/ii?
oa?aeoa?enoeee ii??ae-eieaeoi??a i?ioeaiiaeo a?aeeeaae?a
A?eue/a-Aieeoeueei? ciie, ui aeicaieeei aeyaeoe i?iiouai? a ieo iieeaaee
aaco.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ye? caoeuathoueny.

1. Iniaeeaino? i?ia?aeueiiai neeaaeo e?oioei?a i?ioeaiiaeo a?aeeeaae?a
iaoiiaeththoue ?iciiae?e ?aae?iaeoeaieo aeaiaio?a o oiieii?ioa?eiaeo
?ic??cao, ui aeei?enoaii aeey ?o eeaneo?eaoe?? ca ?acoeueoaoaie
eiiieaenieo iao?ia?ao?/ieo oa aaieiai-aaio?ce/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

2. Aaaaoii??i?noue aca?iica’yce?a i?ae iao?io?ce/ieie ? aaio?ce/ieie
(yaea?ii-o?ce/ieie, yaea?ii-iaai?oieie oa ?ioeie) ia?aiao?aie
ii??ae-eieaeoi??a ? iniiaith iaoiaeee aecia/aiiy aoaeoeaieo oiauei,
eiao?oe??io?a ii?enoino? ? aaciiane/aiiino? i?e i?ae?aooieo caian?a
aaco.

3. Oai?aoe/ii ia??oioiaai? oa noai?ai? aeai?eoie aecia/aiiy iaae ieano?a
o oiieii?ioa?eiaeo ?ic??cao ? i?i?i?caoe?? iioeaie ?o aecia/aiiy oa
ioe?iee aieeao aeeooc?eieo ? oiia?eueithth/eo oaeoi??a ia ?acoeueoaoe
iaeo?iiieo iaoiae?a.

4. Iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy ?ii?nii-o?eueo?aoe?eieo ia?aiao??a
ii??ae-eieaeoi??a i?ioeaiiaeo a?aeeeaae?a ca ?acoeueoaoaie
yaea?ii-o?ce/ieo ? yaea?ii-iaai?oieo iaoiae?a, ye? aacothoueny ia
iaeo?iiieo aeanoeainoyo ii??ae, caeiiii??iinoyo ?iciiae?eo a ieo
i?e?iaeieo ?aae?iaeoeaieo ?cioii?a ? oa?aeoa?? ?o oeth?aeiiane/aiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeicaieythoue cia/ii i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue
aaieiai-aaio?ce/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu ?c oiieii?ioa?eiaith
aaieia?/iith aoaeiaith ?ic??co.

Oai?aoe/ia ia??oiooaaiiy ? i?aeoe/ia aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeee oa oaoiieia?e
aeine?aeaeaiue o naa?aeeiaeiao aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu ?c oiieii?ioa?eiaith
aaieia?/iith aoaeiaith aeicaieeoue a?eueo aoaeoeai?oa ioe?ieoe
ia?niaeoeae aaciiiniino? i?ioeaiiaeo a?aeeeaae?a, aeyaeoe aeiaeaoeia?
iiooeia? ia’?eoe, ui aeanoue ciiao aeinyaoe cia/iiai i?e?inoo caian?a
aaco. Iaoiaeeee aei?iaoaai? i?e inai?ii? na?iaonueeeo oiieii?ioa?eiaeo
aaciiinieo ?ic??c?a Ea?iaonueei? iaooiaaciiinii? i?ia?ioe??.

Anoaiiaeai? aca?iica’ycee i?ae iao?io?ce/ieie ia?aiao?aie i?ioeaiiaeo
a?aeeeaae?a oa aaio?ce/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie aeei?enoiaothoueny
ae?iaie/eie i?aai?caoe?yie AeI “Aea?aeeiiaaieia?y”, AeAI “Oe?aaio?ceea”,
AeAI “Cao?aeoe?aaieia?y”, Ea?iaonueeei
oi?aae?iiyi aaio?ce/ieo ?ia?o, ? AeAI “*i?iiii?iaooiaac”.
I?aeoe/ia ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aeacaieo ?ic?iaie i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny
a?aeiia?aeieie aeieoiaioaie. Aeeeaaeaiee a ?iaio? iaoa??ae oaeiae
aeei?enoiao?oueny a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? aaieiai?ica?aeoaaeueiiai
oaeoeueoaoo ?aaii-O?aie?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
iaooe ? aaco.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eieo aeine?aeaeaiue
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia IV Ananithci?e eiioa?aioe?? “Eieeaeoi?u iaooe e aaca
ia aieueoeo aeoaeiao”, i. Iineaa 1982?., “Eieeaeoi?u iaooe e aaca ia
aieueoeo aeoaeiao”, i. Iineaa 1983?., V Ananithciiio nai?ia??
“Iaooaaaciia?aciaaiea ia aieueoeo aeoaeiao”, i. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee
1986?., Iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e Ananithci?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaiu e
ia?niaeoeau yaea?ii-aaioece/aneeo iaoiaeia a eco/aiee neaaaeei”,
i.Iai?inuee 1986?., ?anioae?eainuee?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e Ananithci?e
eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaiu onei?aiiiai auyaeaiey iiauo oeiia eiaooae e
?ano?nia iaooe e aaca a Aeiai?iai-Aeiiaoeeie aiaaeeia”, i. *a?i?a?a
1987?.; 2-e Ananithci?e eiioa?aioe?? “Ane?uoea iaooaaaciiiniuo
ieanoia e inaiaiea neaaaeei”, i. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee 1988?.,
?anioae?eainuee?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aei?acaaaeea
yenieoaoe?oaiuo iaooaaaciauo ianoi?iaeaeaiee Oe?aeineie NN? —
aeiiieieoaeueiue enoi/iee oaaee/aiey ?ano?nia oaeaaiaei?iaeiiai nu?uey”
i. Oa?e?a 1990?., Ia?aae?-nai?ia?? c i?iaeai aaieiai?ica?aeoaaeueieo ?
aeaeiaoaieo ?ia?o o Cao?aeiiio ?a??ii? Oe?a?ie, i.
?aaii-O?aie?anuee 1992?., Iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Noai,
i?iaeaie ? ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo iaooiaaciaiai eiiieaeno Cao?aeiiai
?a??iio Oe?a?ie”, i. Euea?a 1995?., Iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“?acoeueoaoe ? ia?niaeoeae aaio?ce/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue o Cao?aeiiio
?a??ii? Oe?a?ie”, i. Euea?a 1998?.

Ia’?i ?iaioe.

Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, 6 ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae e?oa?aoo?e. Oaeno aeeeaaeaii ia 262 noi??ieao
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, ?ethno?aoe?? neeaaeathoue 35 ?enoie?a, 10
oaaeeoeue. Nienie e?oa?aoo?e i?noeoue 208 iaeiaioaaiue. Aeneiaethth ue?o
iiaeyeo caa?aeoaa/o eaoaae?e aaieia?? oa ?ica?aeee iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo
?iaeiaeu, aeieoi?o aaie.-i?ia?ae. iaoe, i?ioani?o Ia?anueeiio A.E.,
aeieoi?o aaie.-i?ia?ae. iaoe, i?ioani?o Aoiueoe? I.I., aeieoi?o
aaie.-i?ia?ae. iaoe, i?ioani?o A?ia?o ?.O., aeieoi?o aaaie.-i?ia?ae.
iaoe, i?ioani?o I?eiao I.I., eaiae. aaie.-i?ia?ae. iaoe, aeioeaioo
eaoaae?e aaio?ce/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue naa?aeeiaei A?eoeeoeio A.?.,
i?ioani?o eaoaae?e iieueiai? iaooiaaciai? aaio?ceee Noaiaitheo A.I.,
aeioeaioo eaoaae?e aaieia?? oa ?ica?aeee iaooe ? aaco Eiceinueeiio I.?.,
caa?aeoaa/o a?aeae?eii yaea?ii-o?ce/ieo iaoiae?a o?ceei-iaoai?/iiai
?inoeoooo IAI Oe?a?ie, eaiaeeaeaoo aaieiai-i?ia?aeia?/ieo iaoe Oaaei??ao
?.O. Ii?aaee oa caoaaaeaiiy c ie?aieo i?iaeai, ye? ?icaeyaeaeenue a
aeena?oaoe??, aoee c?iaeai? aieiaiei aaieiaii ?aaii-O?aie?anueei? AAAeN
eaiae. aaie.-i?i. iaoe Aeiaa?aei A.?., aieiaiei aaieiaii
“I?eea?iaoi?iiaaio?ceee” Aea?aeeii ss.A., ia/aeueieeii aaieia?/iiai
a?aeae?eo eaiae. aaie.-i?i. iaoe Aaoe/ai ?.I., no. aaio?ceeai Oia?eeii
A.?., Eeaeci?ii ?.E. ca ui ?i aaoi? ue?i aaey/iee.

Aeyeoth eieaaai-aaieiaai Oe?AeA??, AeAI “Oe?aaio?ceea”, AeAI
“Cao?aeoe?aaieia?y” caaaeyee aaeee?e aeiiiiic? oa o/ano? yeeo aoee
i?iaaaeai? iaoo?aeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy oa niinoa?aaeaiiy.

C i ? n o ? i a i o e

1 i?iaeaie aaieiai-aaio?ce/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue oiieii?ioa?eiaeo ?ic??c?a
a oiiaao ea?iaonueei? iaooiaaciiinii? i?ia?ioe??

1.1 Aaieia?/i?, aaio?ce/i? oa oaoiieia?/i? oiiae aea/aiiy
oiieii?ioa?eiaeo ?ic??c?a aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu

I?iaeaia aea/aiiy oiieii?ioa?eiaeo ?ic??c?a ca iaoa??aeaie
aaieiai-oaoiieia?/iiai eiio?ieth ? aaio?ce/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue
naa?aeeiaei caaaeaee aoea aeooaeueiith ? i?eaa?oaea oaaao oao?aoe?a
iaooiaaciaiai i?io?eth.

Oiiae ?ice?eooy i?iaeoeoeaieo ai?eciio?a neeaaeiiiiaoaeiaaieo eieaeoi??a
??ci? ? coiiaeai? ye aaieia?/ieie oaeoi?aie oi?ioaaiiy ?ic??co, oae ?
oaoi?/iei neeaaeii i?iieaieo ??aeei, ye? canoiniaothoueny i?e ao??ii?.
Aeei?enoaiiy i?iieaieo ??aeei ??ciiai o?i?/iiai neeaaeo i?eaiaeeoue aei
?oeioaaiiy no?iie naa?aeeiaei /a?ac ?iciea neaaicoeaiaioiaaieo ii??ae,
ooai?aiiy cii eaeueiaoaoe??, caeoii?ee i?iieeieo ieano?a.

Ooiaeaiaioaeueieie oai?aoe/ieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie oa aenia?eiaioaeueieie
?iaioaie ii aeyaeaiith aca?iica’yce?a o?ce/ieo iie?a ?c iniaeeainoyie
aaieia?/ii? aoaeiae ?ic??c?a oa eieaeoi?nueeeie aeanoeainoyie
ii??ae-eieaeoi??a caeiaeiny aaaaoi iaoeiaoe?a oa a/aieo, cie?aia: A?iae
?.I., Aiiaea?oe N.TH., Ie?ioie/aiei A.I., A?eion I.O., ?cioiaa O.N.,
A?eoeeoei A.?. oa ?io?.

O?ce/i? ia?aaeoiiae aieeao i?iieaieo ??aeei ia aaee/eio ?ioi?iaoeaii?
oa?aeoa?enoeee aaio?ce/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue a naa?aeeiaeiao iaooiaaciaeo
?iaeiaeu cao?aeiiai ?a??iio Oe?a?ie ianooii?.

A A?eue/a-Aieeoeuee?e oa Ai?eneaanueei-Iieoonuee?e ciiao
Ia?aaeea?iaonueeiai i?iaeio aeei?enoiaothoueny oae? i?iieai? ??aeeie:

1) cae/aeiee aeeienoee ?ic/ei aac aeiaeaaaiiy iaooe ? iaooii?iaeoeo?a;

2) i?yi? aioeuen??(IA);

3) iaooiaioeuen?ei? ?ic/eie.

sse?noue ?ice?eooy i?iaeoeoeaieo ieano?a, a oaeiae ?icao?thaaiiy
ia?niaeoeaieo ai?eciio?a caeaaeeoue a?ae noaa?eueiino? i?iieaii? ??aeeie
oa ?? aiaeia?aeaea/?. C iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? ?ice?eooy ii??ae
eieaeoi??a i?iieaia ??aeeia noaa?e?co?oueny o?i?/ieie ?aaaaioaie. A
iniiaiiio, oea aoaeaeoaeiee ?aaaaio, a?ae?ie?ciaaiee iie?e?eeii?o??e
(a?iai), eiiaeainiaaia noeueo?o-nie?oiaa aa?aea (ENNA), iaeia’yce? ia?ee
iao???ai? ea?aieneeiaoeeoeaetheice. Aeiaeaaaiiy aeua ia?a?aoiaaieo
o?i?aaaaio?a aei neaai i?ia?ae?ciaaieo i?iieaieo ??aeei i?ecaiaeyoue aei
ciaioaiiy ?o ieoiiiai aeaeo?e/iiai iii?o (r?), a oie aea /an aeiaaaee
o?i?aaaaio?a aei aenieii?ia?ae?ciaaieo ?ic/ei?a i?aeoe/ii ia ci?iththoue
aaee/eio r?. Cia/ia e?euee?noue aeine?aeiee?a Oaie?i Ae.A.,
Aaiaeaeueooaei A.TH., Eia?aiiaa A.I. aaaaea?, ui ooai?aiiy i?e?iaeieo
iioaioe?ae?a naii/eiii? iiey?ecaoe?? a ie?aieo e?oioeiao aecia/a?oueny,
a iniiaiiio, aeeooc?eii-aaeni?aoe?eiei iioaioe?aeii, aaee/eia yeiai a
a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a coiiaeaia eiao?oe??ioii ia’?iii? aeeienoino?.
Iaeiae, ia iao iiaeyae, cia/io ?ieue o oa?aeoa?? e?eai? IN a?ae?a?athoue
oaeoi?e, ye? ia a?aeiinyoueny aei oa?aeoa?enoee aaieia?/ieo ?ic??c?a
naa?aeeiaei, a naia: neeaae ao?iaiai ?ic/eio, noai no?iie naa?aeeiaei,
/an i?ae iiiaioii ?ice?eooy ieanoa oa i?iaaaeaiiy cai???a iioaioe?ae?a
IN. Iaie anoaiiaeaii, ui iaea?eueo a?ae’?ii? cia/aiiy naii/eiieo
iioaioe?ae?a a?aeiia?aeathoue ?ic/eiai, ye? ai?uothoue NaCl. Cia/ii
iaio? cia/aiiy ci?ie iioaioe?aeo IN niinoa??aathoueny i?e aeei?enoaii?
i?iieaieo ??aeei, ye? ia?iaeai? ea?aieneeiaoeeoeaetheicith (EIOe). Ci?ia
ciaeo iioaioe?aeo IN ia aeiaeaoi?e oa eiai ??no a?aei?/aii a ?ic/eiao, a
yeeo i?enooi? a?iai oa ENNA.

I?e aea/aii? aieeao aaieia?/ieo e?oioei?a ia ci?io iioaioe?aeo IN iaie
a?aei?/aii, ui aaee/eia aiie?ooaee iioaioe?aeo naii/eiii? iiey?ecaoe?? a
e?i?ei?e caeaaeiino? ci?ith?oueny a?ae aaee/eie eiao?oe??ioa
aaeni?aoe?eii-aeeooc?eii? aeoeaiino? ii??ae ? a iaio?e i??? ci?ith?oueny
a?ae ieenii-a?aeiiaiiai oa o?eueo?aoe?eiiai iioaioe?ae?a. A.?.
A?eoeeoeiei oa ?i. anoaiiaeaii, ui ?c ca?eueoaiiyi eoaeiino? i?iieaieo
??aeei c?inoathoue aeeooc?eii-aaeni?aoe?ei? iioaioe?aee aeei ? iaeaea ia
ci?ith?oueny aeeooc?eii-aaeni?aoe?eiee iioaioe?ae i?neiaee?a.

Ca?eueoaiiy a ao?iaiio ?ic/ei? eiioeaio?aoe?? EIOe-60 i?ecaiaeeoue aei
oaeeo aea ci?i aaeni?aoe?eii-aeeooc?eieo iioaioe?ae?a, ui e ca?eueoaiiy
eiioeaio?aoe?? nie? NaCl. I?e aaeeeeo cia/aiiyo a?aeiioaiiy r1/r2>1 ?c
ca?eueoaiiyi ieoiiiai iii?o ?ic/eio ENNA aaee/eia
aeeooc?eii-aaeni?aoe?eiiai iioaioe?aeo nii/aoeo ??cei iaaea?, a iio?i
noaa?e?co?oueny. I?e iaeeo a?aeiioaiiyo r1/r2<1 a aiaeia?/i?e neooaoe?? aaee/eia Uaea nii/aoeo ??cei c?inoa?, a iio?i noaa?e?co?oueny. Oa?aeoa? naiiai na?aaeiaeua (eeneioi?noue, eoaei?noue) oaeiae aecia/a? aaee/eio iioaioe?aeo Uaea. I?iieai? ??aeeie ?c aeiaaaeaie ENNA, EIOe, a?iaio iathoue neaaieoaeiee aai eoaeiee oa?aeoa? oa caeaoi?noue aei ieeneaiiy, ui a?aeiia?aeii aoaea ca?eueooaaoe iioaioe?ae aeei. Oea, a naith /a?ao, i?eaiaeeoue aei ci?ie iioaioe?ae?a i?neiaee?a ?, ye iane?aeie, aei ci?ie aiie?ooaee IN. ?ioi?iaoeai?noue iaoiaeo i?e oeueiio iaaea?, ui ia? i?noea i?e iiooeao iaooe ? aaco ia ?iaeiaeuao A?eue/a-Aieeoeueei? oa Ai?eneaanueei-Iieoonueei? ciiao. Ci?ia aiie?ooaee e?eai? IN aecia/a?oueny oaeiae i?ia?ae?caoe??th ieanoiai? aiaee ? i?iieei?noth ii?iaee. ?c ca?eueoaiiyi i?iieeiino? ii?iaee, i?e aenie?e i?ia?ae?caoe?? ieanoiai? aiaee, nooo?ai ciaioo?oueny aeeooc?eii-aaeni?aoe?eiee iioaioe?ae. Aeey c?ace?a aenieiii?enoeo iaeiaeeienoeo ii??ae iayai?noue, aai a?aenooi?noue a ?ic/eiao o?i?aaaaio?a, ia aieeaa? ia ci?io ciaeo iioaioe?aeo Uaea ? caeeoa? eiai a?ae’?iiei. A oie aea /an eiioeaio?aoe?y aeaeo?ie?oo, yeei iane/aia ii?iaea, aieeaa? ia aaee/eio Uaea ? i?eaiaeeoue aei ca?eueoaiiy aiie?ooaee iioaioe?aeo ?c ?inoii i?iieeiino? oa i?ia?ae?caoe?? ieanoiai? aiaee. Aiae?coth/e aieea o?i?/iiai neeaaeo oa i?ia?ae?caoe?? ieanoiaeo aiae ia aaee/eio iic??iiai iii?o (ri) oa oaeaee?noue i?ia?ao iicaeiaaei?o oeueo?acaoeiaeo eieeaaiue (Vp) a ii?iae?, aeaye? a/ai? (N.TH.AEooiaeoeueeee, A.?.A?eoeeoei) aaaaeathoue, ui ae?y ?o iaiaeiicia/ia ? nooo?aee aieea ia cia/aiiy ri i?e ii/aniaeo cai??ao iaoiaeii AEC aeyaey? ciia i?iieeiaiiy oa ci?ia o?eueo?aoo i?iieaii? ??aeeie, iniaeeai i?e ia?iaoe? inoaiiuei? ??cieie o?i?aaaaioaie. Aeine?aeaeaiiyie, i?iaaaeaieie iaie ia ea?iiaiio iaoa??ae? naa?aeeiaeie 8-Eoeaa, iieacaii ci?io iieac?a ciiae?a ??cieo ?ici???a a caeaaeiino? a?ae aeei?enoaiiy a i?iieai?e ??aeei? ??cieo o?i?aaaaio?a. Iayai?noue o?i?aaaaioo OU? i?eaaea aei ci?ie aaee/eie aeaeo?e/iiai iii?o o?eueo?aoo ?c 0.8Iii aei 0.4Iii, ui a?aeaeeinue ia oi?i? e?eaeo iiaoi?iiai cai??o AEC. Iniaeeai nooo?a? ci?ie i?e ?a?no?aoe?? iic??iiai iii?o niinoa??aathoueny ia e?eaeo ciiae?a AEC (0.45i ? 1.05i). ?o iieace ciaioeeenue a 3 ?ace ii??aiyii ?c iieacaie ciiae?a aaeeeiai ?ici??o. Cia/aiiy ri, aecia/aia ii cai??ao ciiaeaie aaeeeiai ?ici??o, ia ci?ieeinue, ui iiynith?oueny iayai?noth a ieano? iacia/ii? ciie i?iieeiaiiy. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie oeeo aea aeine?aeaeaiue a?aecia/aii, ui ii?yae ?c ciaioaiiyi iieac?a ri, cai??yieo ciiaeaie iaeiai ?ici??o, niinoa??aa?oueny iecea i?eeeaae?a ca?eueoaiiy iic??iiai iii?o. Oaeo iaiaeiicia/i?noue aei??thaaiue iic??iiai iii?o iaoiaeii AEC iiaeia iiynieoe iayai?noth a ieanoao-eieaeoi?ao iiia?aaeiueiai iaaeo?niaiiai o?eueo?aoo. Iieace aieiaiai oa ?iaeoeoe?eiiai ea?ioaaeo i?aeoe/ii ia ci?iththoueny i?e ia?iaoe? i?iieaii? ??aeeie o?i?aaaaioaie. Iaeiae ci?ia i?ia?ae?caoe?? i?iieaii? ??aeeie i?eaiaeeoue aei nooo?aeo ciaioaiue ?ioi?iaoeaiino? ?iaeoeoe?eiiai ea?ioaaeo. Aeei?enoaiiy ?iaeoeoe?eiiai ea?ioaaeo iaei aoaeoeaia i?e ?ice?eoo? i?iaeoeoeaieo ii??ae ia aenieii?ia?aeieo i?iieaieo ??aeeiao (rn<0.1Iii), iniaeeai, eiee ii?? ii??ae aenieee. A ?iaioao O.N.?cioiai? iieacaia aeniea aoaeoeai?noue iaoiaeo ae?aiiaaieo ciiae?a aeey aea/aiiy i?iieeiino? ii??ae oiieii?ioa?eiaiai aaieia?/iiai ?ic??co. Ia iieace ae?aiiaaieo ciiae?a iayai?noue o?i?aaaaio?a a i?iieai?e ??aeei? nooo?ai ia aieeaa?. ?acoeueoaoe aeonoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue a iacia/i?e i??? caeaaeaoue a?ae iayaiino? o?i?aaaaio?a a i?iieai?e ??aeei?: cia/ii a?eueoa ia oaeaee?noue ?iciianthaeaeaiiy iicaeiaaei?o oaeeue aieeaa? iaiaeiaeiaa aeeieno?noue, ye ia’?iia oae ? i?ioa?eiaa, aonoeia oaa?aei? oace oa aaciiini?noue ii??ae. A ?iaioao E.A.Aeaaena, A.?.Iaoeaae/a, E.C.E?oinueeiai iieacaii aieea oeeo oaeoi??a ia oaeaee?noue ?iciianthaeaeaiiy iicaeiaaei?o oeueo?acaoeiaeo oaeeue ? iiaeeea?noue ?o a?aooaaiiy i?e aecia/aii? eiao?oe??ioa ii?enoino? ii??ae-eieaeoi??a. Iaie i?iaiae?ciaaii ca’ycie oaeaeeino? i?ioiaeaeaiiy oeueo?acaoeiaeo eieeaaiue a caeaaeiino? a?ae ii?enoino? a??nueei? ii?iaee. A?ao?/i? iiaoaeiae, ye? c?iaeai? ia iniia? oai?aoe/ieo ?ic?aooie?a, iieacaee cia/i? ?ica?aeiino? e?eaeo ii?enoino?, iaa?oue i?e iaeiaeiaeo aeo?aeieo ii/aoeiaeo aaee/eiao. Oi?ia e?eaeo aecia/aeanue ?c ia?aaeaa/aiue, ui ci?ia aaee/eie /ano i?ia?ao oeueo?acaoeiai? iicaeiaaeiuei? oaee? /a?ac a??nueeo ii?iaeo i?aeii?yaeeiao?oueny e?i?eiiio caeiio ? i?e ii?enoino? ??ai?e 55% oaeaee?noue ?iciianthaeaeaiiy oaeeue a ii?iae? (Vpi) aei??aith? oaeaeeino? ?iciianthaeaeaiiy oe??? ae oaee? o aiae? (Vpi=Vpa). Cia/ia e?euee?noue aeine?aeiee?a, A.?.Aa?iaaenueeee, A.A.Oeii?i, TH.I.?aae?i, A.A.Ea?on, I.E.Eociaoeia aaaaeathoue, ui oaeee ca’ycie ia? aeineoue neeaaeio oi?io ?, ye i?aaeei, ia aoaa? e?i?eiei. I?e ca?eueoaii? ii?enoino? ia oaeaee?noue oeueo?acaoeiaeo eieeaaiue aoaea aieeaaoe i?oaeia aeanoea?noue ii?iaee, iane/oth/ee ?? oeth?ae ? aonoeia oeaiaiooth/iai ca?ia. Aiae?coth/e ?acoeueoaoe aecia/aiiy a?aeiioaiiy oaeaeeinoae ?iciianthaeaeaiiy oeueo?acaoeiaeo eieeaaiue ia?aeaeueii V|| oa ia?iaiaeeeoey?ii V iaieanooaaiith ii??ae aeey ??cieo e?oioei?a, iaie anoaiiaeaii, ui a i?neiaeeao oa aeaa?ie?oao c i?ioa?eaie aeei a?aeiioaiiy V||/V ca?eueoo?oueny ca ?aooiie ciaioaiiy oaeaeeino? oeueo?acaoeiaeo eieeaaiue, ye? aei??yi? ia?iaiaeeeoey?ii aei iaieanooaaiiy. O aeiaaeeo oiieii?ioa?eiai? aoaeiae aaieia?/iiai ?ic??co oea a?aeiioaiiy neeaaea? 1.53 — 1.57. Iaeiae, aeey ii??ae c iaeii??aeiith no?oeoo?ith a?aeiioaiiy V||/V ia caeaaeeoue a?ae ii?enoino? ? aei??aith? 1.1 — 1.25. Aeoiaey/e ?c aeuaiaaaaeaiiai, iiaeia aeiionoeoe, ui ia oi?io e?eai? AE aieeaa? ia o?eueee iayai?noue ie?aieo e?oioei?a c ??ciith iiaeeiath/ith caeaoi?noth, aea ? oaoiieia?y i?iaaaeaiiy aei??thaaiue oa iayai?noue o??ueioaaoeo ii??ae. 1.2 Aea/aiiy aieeao naa?aeeiaeiieo oiia ia ?acoeueoaoe yaea?ii-o?ce/ieo iaoiae?a A/aieie ?.I.Aiooeo, E.A.Eiieaaei, A.A.Ea??iiiaei, N.N.Ioo?iei, A.O.Oa?oeii aeinoaoiuei iiaii ia??oioiaaii iiaeeea?noue canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeo niaeo?iiao??? aaia-aei?ii?ithaaiiy aeey e?oieia?/iiai ?ic/eaioaaiiy ?ic??c?a naa?aeeiaei. Iaeiae, aaia-niaeo?iiao??y a iaooiaacia?e aaeoc? ua ia aeinoaoiuei aeei?enoiao?oueny, ui a oe?eiio a?aeaeaa?oueny ia aoaeoeaiino? aaieiai-aaio?ce/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue iaooiaaciaeo ?iaeiaeu. ?aae?iaeoeaiiio eae?th a?aeiia?aea? e?i?y niaeo?o c aia?a??th 1.46 IaA. A a??nueeeo ii?iaeao anoaiiaeaii aeecueei aeaionio i?ia?ae?a, aei neeaaeo yeeo aoiaeeoue ?aae?iaeoeaiee o?ai, oi??e ? eae?e. Iniaeeai aaaaoi i?ia?ae?a, aei neeaaeo yeeo aoiaeeoue o?ai. Oaeee oaeo iiynith?oueny oei, ui o?ai ia? caeaoi?noue ciaoiaeeoeny a e?oinoa?? a /ioe?e- ? oanoeaaeaioi?e oi?i? (U+4 ? U+6). Aiane?aeie oeueiai o?ai iiaea aooe ieenethaa/ai, aai a?aeiiaieeii. A eoaeiiio na?aaeiaeu? a?i noai?th? eiiieaeni? ?iie o?aiao?a (UO4)-2 ? ae?o?aiao?a (U2O7)-2, ye? oi?iothoue nie?, ui neaai ?ic/eiythoueny o aiae?. Iniiaia iniaeea?noue o?aio — aaeeea o?i?/ia aeoeai?noue ? neeueia a?aeiiaia caeaoi?noue (Eiieaa E.A., Ia?oeia E.A., Aei?oiai I.A.). Oi??e caaaeaee /ioe?ueioaaeaioiee, oiio eiai niieoee no?ee? ii a?aeiioaiith aei ieeneaiiy. A ?iaioao Ea??iiiaa A.A., Ae?en??aa A.A., A?oeeaaoaaa A.A., Aethiaioeiaa A.I. aeinoaoiuei iiaii ia??oioiaaii iiaeeeaino? aaia-niaeo?iiao??? i?e e?oieia?/iiio ?ic/eaioaaii? aaieia?/ieo ?ic??c?a. Iaea?aeai? iaie ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iiaeeeainoae aaia-niaeo?iiao?e/ieo oa ?aae?iaeoeaieo iaoiae?a i?e e?oieia?/iiio ?ic/eaioaaii? oiieii?ioa?eiaeo ?ic??c?a aeicaieeee anoaiiaeoe, ui ?o ?ioi?iaoeai?noue iaoiiaeaia ??ciith /ooeea?noth aei ci?ie aaiiao??? na?aaeiaeua, a yeiio i?iaiaeyoueny aei??thaaiiy. Ia aac? io?eiaieo aeaieo eaai?aoi?ieo ? naa?aeeiaeiieo aeine?aeaeaiue, iaie ?ic?iaeaii oai?aoe/i? iniiae a?aooaaiiy aieeao aaieiai-aaio?ce/ieo oaeoi??a ia iieace aaia-niaeo?iiao?a. A?eueo aeinoia??io ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i e?oieia?/io aoaeiao oiieii?ioa?eiaeo ?ic??c?a iiaeia io?eiaoe, yeui a eiiieaen? ?c aaia-niaeo?iiao?e/ieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie canoiniaoaaoe iaoiae yaea?ii-iaai?oiiai ?aciiaino. A ?iaioao ?.A?aoia, O.Oi???, A.Aaeea?a, ?.Oeaia?iaia, I.Ae?aa??, N.I.Aenaeue?iaea, A.Ae.*ooa?/iaa, N.A.Aaaeai?ia, I.I.Iaie/aiei, A.Ae.Ia?ao?ia ?ic?iaeai? oai?aoe/i? iniiae ? aeathoueny i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii aeei?enoaiith iaoiaeo yaea?ii-iaai?oiiai ea?ioaaeo aeey ae??oaiiy eiie?aoieo aaieia?/ieo caaea/. Iaeiae ??ci? o?ce/i? oa yaea?ii-iaai?oi? oa?aeoa?enoeee ii??ae aaieia?/ieo ?ic??c?a iaooiaaciaeo ?iaeiaeu coiiaeththoue iaiao?aei?noue ai?iaaoe?? iaoiaeo yaea?ii-iaai?oiiai ?aciiaino aeey eiie?aoieo oiia ?o oi?ioaaiiy. Oaeei /eiii, i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aaieiai-aaio?ce/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue neeaaeieo aaieia?/ieo ?ic??c?a iio?aaothoue ?icaeoeo iiaeo iaoiaeee ? oaoiieia?e ?o i?iaaaeaiiy. Ae??oaiiy oe??? caaea/? ia iiaeeeaa aac aeeaieiai aiae?co i?ia?aeia?/ieo iniaeeainoae ii??ae-eieaeoi??a i?ioeaiiaeo a?aeeeaae?a, oiia ?o oi?ioaaiiy. 2 I?ia?aeiai-iao?io?ce/i? iniaeeaino? i?ioeaiiaeo a?aeeeaae?a aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu ia?aaeea?iaooy 2.1 Eeaneo?eaoe?y ii??ae i?ioeaiiaeo a?aeeeaae?a ca ?acoeueoaoaie eiiieaenieo aaieiai-aaio?ce/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue Aoaeoeai?noue ?ice?eooy ? aeae?eaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo ieano?a oa ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a AAeN a cia/i?e i??? caeaaeeoue a?ae aea/aiino? e?oieiai-iao?io?ce/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ii??ae-eieaeoi??a, o?ceei-o?i?/ieo aeanoeainoae oeth?ae?a, oaoi?/ieo oiia ao??iiy, aeinoia??iino? no?aoea?ao?/iiai ?ic/eaioaaiiy ?ic??c?a, ye? aeine?aeaeothoueny. Iniiaieie o?oaeiiuaie, ye? aeieeathoue a i?ioean? aea/aiiy i?ioeaiiaeo a?aeeeaae?a, ? ?o oiieii?ioa?eiaa aoaeiaa, aeniea aeeieno?noue i?neiaee?a oa iie?i?eoia?noue. C iaoith aea/aiiy ?o oa?aeoa?enoee, iaie i?iaaaeaii eiiieaeni? aeine?aeaeaiiy ea?iiaiai iaoa??aeo, ye? aeicaieeee ?ic?iaeoe eeaneo?eaoe?th oeeo a?aeeeaae?a, aecia/eoe ?o aaio?ce/i? ? iao?io?ce/i? iciaee. Aiae?coth/e io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe, i?iaaaeaii ianooiio eeaneo?eaoe?th ii??ae i?ioeaiiaeo a?aeeeaae?a: 1.I?neiaeee: a)i?neiaeee a?aa?ei? c oei?eoi-eaeueoeeoiaei ? oei?eoi-aeeienoei oeaiaioii; a)i?neiaeee ??ciica?ieno? c oei?eoi-aeeienoei oeaiaioii; a)i?neiaeee na?aaeiueica?ieno? c eaeueoeeoiaei oeaiaioii, o yeiio i?enooi? iaeeie/i? ca?ia aeaoeii?oo; a)i?neiaeee ae??aiica?ieno? c oei?eoi-aeeienoei, oei?eoi-eaeueoeeoiaei, eaeueoeeoi-aeeienoei ? eaeueoeeoiaei oeaiaioii, a yeiio i?enooi? iaeeie/i? ca?ia aeaoeii?oo; ae)i?neiaeee aeaa?eoeno? c aeeienoi-eaeueoeeoiaei oeaiaioii. 2.Aeaa?ie?oe a?aa?eii-i?uaieno? c aeeienoi-eaeueoeeoiaei ? oei?eoi-aeeienoei eaa?oeaaei oeaiaioii. 3.A?a?e?oe aaiieno?. Iniiai? iieeaaee aaco a i?ioeaiiaeo a?aeeeaaeao iia’ycai? ?c i?neiaeeaie i?aea?oie a, a ? a. Oa?aeoa?iith iniaeea?noth i?aea?oie a) ? a) ? i?aeaeuaia ?o ?ioaa?aeueia ?aae?iaeoeai?noue oa iecueeee aeaeo?e/iee ii??. ?acoeueoaoe eiiieaeniiai aiae?co ea?io, a?ae?a?aiiai ?c i?iaeoeoeaieo ieano?a, aeicaieeee anoaiiaeoe a i?neiaeeao a?oie a) ? a) cia/iee ai?no oaeeo i?ia?ae?a ye oee?eii, oei?eo, a?aiao, ioneia?o, eaie?i?o. A oie aea /an a?aei?/a?oueny a?aenooi?noue a ieo oaeeo eae?eai?nieo i?ia?ae?a, ye iieueia? oiaoe, iiioii?eeii?o, ?ee?o, aeaoeii?o. Ai?no oee?eiio aaaeei? o?aeoe?? i?neiaeea a ie?aieo aeiaaeeao neeaaea? 1-3%, oei?eoo 5%, caaaeueia ?aae?iaeoeai?noue ii?iaee a oeueiio aeiaaeeo neeaaea? (9-11) ie?/aiae i?e ?aae?iaeoeaiino? aeey oaeiai oeio i?neiaee?a (3-4) ie?/aiae. Aaciiini? ii?iaee na?iaonueeiai y?ono ca iae?ineii?/ieie iienaie neaai ?ic??ciythoueny, ine?eueee iathoue iaeiaeiaa n??a caaa?aeaiiy ??cieo a?aeo?ie?a. Ie?ai? i?ioa?ee ii??ae iathoue a?eueo iaio ae?aaeaia ieyienoa caaa?aeaiiy, yea na?ae/eoue i?i iaiaeiicia/i?noue ?o neeaaeo, no?oeoo?e, oiia oi?ioaaiiy ? o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae. Ia??aiii??iee ?iciiae?e i?uaienoiai iaoa??aeo ii ?ic??co i?ioeaiiaeo a?aeeeaae?a coiiaea ooai?aiiy a ieaeiueina?iaonuee?e oiau? iecee i?uaienoeo ai?eciio?a, ye? ca ?acoeueoaoaie aaio?ce/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ei?aeththoueny ia cia/i?e a?aeaeae?. Eiiieaeni? i?ia?aeiai-iao?io?ce/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee iai aeae?eeoe na?aae ii??ae na?iaonueeiai a?eo aea? aaiaoe/i? a?oie, iaeeiaaeoeyoue aeae?a oa aeaaaeoeyoue /ioe?e ?o ??ciiaeaee. Oaea aeaoaeueia eeaneo?eaoe?y ii??ae na?iaonueeiai a?eo coiiaeaia: 1)cia/ieie a?aei?iiinoyie ?o a?aioeiiao?e/iiai neeaaeo, neaeaoii? /anoeie ii?iaee, iacaaaeath/e ia a?aeiinio iiae?ai?noue oeaie?a eaa?oeo, iacia/ieie aeii?oeaie i?ia?ae?a oee?eiio, noaa?ie?oo, ?ooeeo, ?ee?oo, ii??ae eaa?oeeo?a, aeaa?ie?o?a, aeaa?eoenoeo a?a?e?o?a ? aaiiye?a. 2)a?aei?iiinoyie ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aieiaieo oa ae?oai?yaeieo aooeaaiieo i?ia?ae?a oeaiaioo. Aieiaieie a oeaiaioao ii?iaee ? a?ae?inethaee, ?ee?o, iiioii?eeii?o o aeaeyae? o?aeoe?e ?ici??ii 0.01ii ? iaioa, aeeienoi-i?eoiaai? e?enoae?/i? oiieiaeenia?ni? iane oa eaeueoeeo. Ae?oai?yaeieie i?ia?aeaie a oeaiaio? ii?iaee ? eaie?i?o, eaa?oe, oei?eo, aeaoeii?o, i??eo, ??aeei oaeoeaaeii oa a?aaii?o a caeeoeao oaoie ? oinoi?eoe. A?aeiia?aeii aei ni?aa?aeiioaiiy a ii?iaeao aeua ia?a?aoiaaieo iciae aea? aaiaoe/i? a?oie iaie aecia/aii ye “I?ino?” ? “Neeaaei?” ii?iaee. “I?ino?” ii?iaee oi?ioaaeeny o a?aeiinii niie?ei?e a?ae?iaeeiai?/i?e ianoaiiaoe?. A?eueo?noue ?o ia? iaaaeeeo i?aeca?iiao oa aoi?eiio ii?eno?noue. Na?aae a?aeiinii iaeii??aeieo ii??ae aeae?ey?oueny n?i aeae?a, ui ia’?aeiothoue 15 ??ciiaeae?a e?oioei?a. An? aiie iathoue a?aeiinii iino?eiee neeaae, aca?ii? oaoe?aeuei? ia?aoiaee ye iinooiia?, oae ? ??ce? a ??ciiaeaeao oeeo ii??ae na?ae/aoue i?i iacia/i? a?ae?iaeeiai?/i? ? aaio?i?/i? ci?ie oi?ioaaiiy inaae?a. Aeae?eai? iaie ??ciiaeaee ii??ae a nai?e a?eueoino? a?ae??ciythoueny ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi oeaieiaeo eiiiiiaio?a ? neeaaeii oeaiaioo. Noi?iiaai? a oeae ia??iae ae??aiica?ieno? i?neiaeee c a?ae?inethaeenoei oeaiaioii neeaaeathoueny, a iniiaiiio, ?c eeeiiiiae?aieo ? iai?acaie?oaeaieo oeaie?a eaa?oeo (70-80%) ?ici??ii (0.3-0.1)ii. A?eueo?noue /anoeiie ia? oaeeueiaa caanaiiy, iineoue ne?aee noeneoaaiiy, ui na?ae/eoue i?i ?o aei?n ?c ae?aai?o iaoaii?o?ciaaieo ii??ae. Ui noino?oueny iniaeeainoae i?ia?aeueiiai neeaaeo ? aoaeiae “i?inoeo” ii??ae, oi eiinaaeeiaioaoe?eia ia?aieaaiiy inaae?a ? cianaiiy a?eueo ianeaieo oeaie?a aei i?noey oi?ioaaiiy ii?iaee oa/?yie, iaoiiaeei caaaa/aiiy ?o oee?eiiii, a?aiaoii, ia?aieoei aeaoeii?oii. Iayai?noue aeuaaeacaieo i?ia?ae?a oa aeei a a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a iaoiiaeth? ?ioaa?aeueio ?aae?iaeoeai?noue ii??ae i?ioeaiiaiai a?eo. Ocaaaeueithth/e aeua i?eaaaeaia iiaeia aeiionoeoe, ui “i?ino?” ii?iaee oi?ioaaeenue a eaaoiieo oiiaao ia iacia/i?e aeeaei? o a?aeiiaiiio na?aaeiaeu? ii?yae ?c oaeoii?/ieie ?iceiiaie, ui iaiaeii?aciai a?aeiiaethaaeeny. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue oiia oi?ioaaiiy “neeaaeieo” ii??ae aeicaieeee anoaiiaeoe, ui ?o a?aioeiiao?e/iee neeaae iaoiiaeaiee ia no?eueee iiaaiei ni?ooaaiiyi ca?ai, ye iaeeaaeaiiyi iaeei ia iaeiiai iieiaeeo inaae?a, ?iciiae?e oeaie?a a yeeo ia i?aeii?yaeeiao?oueny ii?iaeueiiio caeiio. Oi?ioaaeeny oe? ii?iaee a i?eeiaiaeiiio aanaei? i?e cia/i?e ci?i? a?ae?iaeeiai?/ii? aeoeaiino? aiaeiiai na?aaeiaeua. A iniiaiiio, ?i i?eoaiaiia i?aeaeuaia i?iieei?noue, iacia/ia aeeieno?noue, aocueeee ae?aiacii ci?ie ii?enoino?. Eieaeoi?nuee? aeanoeaino? ?o ci?iththoueny ii i??? ci?ie oeio oeaiaioo, i?ia?aeia?/iiai neeaaeo oa ?ici??o ii?. A ?o oeaiaio? cono??/athoueny iaeeie/i? oeaiee oee?eiio, noaio, e?iii?oo. I?e caaaeuei?e e?eueeino? oeaiaioo a ii?iae? (35-50)% eaie?i?oia? oa?oioaaiiy neeaaeathoue a?ey 10%, a?ae?inethaeeno? - a?ey 20%, a ie?aieo aeiaaeeao niinoa??aa?oueny neoi/aiiy i??eoiaeo oa?oioaaiue 1-5%. A ii?iaeao oeueiai oeio a?aei?/a?oueny eieae?ciaaiee ii oeeao ? o??ueiao i??eo, yeee ooai?th? ie?ai? a?aeie?aieaiiy, iaaeiei yeeo ?ici?uo?oueny ia?ae?enoae?ciaaiee eaeueoeeo, ui na?ae/eoue i?i ai?aaiaoe/ia iaeeaaeaiiy ?oaeii? i?ia?ae?caoe?? ia inaaeiao ii?iaeo i?e neaaiio ?? iaoaii?o?ci?. Ca?aeii c ?ic?iaeaiith iaie eeaneo?eaoe??th i?ioeaiiaeo a?aeeeaae?a, iiaeia i?eionoeoe, ui “i?ino?” ii?iaee oi?ioaaeeny a no?eeeo a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo ? aaio?i?/ieo oiiaao. Oea i?ecaaei aei aeieeiaiiy ??cieo e?oioei?a, ye? i?ioa?eaie iaeyaathoue iaeei ia iaeiiai, oe? ii?iaee, ye i?aaeei, iecueeiii?eno? (4-10)% ? iaeii?iieei? (<0.110-3) iei2, i?aaenoaaeai? u?eueieie i?neiaeeaie oa aeaa?ie?oaie. Ae?oaa a?oia aei yei? a?aeiinyoueny “neeaaei?” ii?iaee, oi?ioaaeanue i?e eiinaaeeiaioaoe?eieo ia?aieaao ?ai?oa ooai?aieo inaae?a i?eaeaeueoiaeie, i?eai?oiaeie, i?eaa?aaiaeie oa/?yie ? oaeeueiaeie ?ooaie i?e ei?ioei/anieo ?aa?an?yo aanaeio ii?y, aai eieaeueieo i?aeiyooyo aeia. Aeey oeeo ii??ae oa?aeoa?ia aeniea a?aee?eoa ii?eno?noue (20-30)%, a ?ieiee (30-40)%, i?iieei?noue a?ae 0.110-15 aei 501.510-15 iei2. Oi?ioaaiiy ii??ae i?ioiaeeei ia oii? cai?ie neaaiieenethaaeueiiai na?aaeiaeua, neaaia?aeiiaiei, ?ieiee ?c iacia/iei aeae?eaiiyi n??eiaiaeith, yea aecia/aei ianiaa ooai?aiiy aeeienoeo, a?ae?inethaeenoeo, eaeueoeeoiaeo oeaiaio?a i?e iacia/iiio ai?no? oei?eoo, aeaoeii?oo ? i??eoo. Iaea ? na?aaeiy iiooaei?noue i?ioa?e?a na?ae/eoue i?i cia/io oaeoii?/io aeoeai?noue ooiaeaiaioo ? aeia. Oaeoii?/ia aeoeai?noue ni?eyea oi?ioaaiith ia?aieoeo “neeaaeieo” ii??ae, ye? a iiaeaeueoiio noaee e?aueie eieaeoi?aie. Oaeei /eiii, aaieia?/i? oiiae oi?ioaaiiy ii??ae-eieaeoi??a i?ioeaiiaiai a?eo iaoiiaeee ?o o?ce/i? oa iao?io?ce/i? ia?aiao?e, aecia/eee iniaeeaino? ci?i iaoo?aeueieo, o?ce/ieo iie?a. 3 OAEOI?E, UI IAOIIAETHTHOUe IAO?IO?CE*I? IA?AIAO?E ii??ae OA INIAEEAINO? ?O ACA?IICA’ssCE?A CA AeAIEIE EAAI?AOI?IEO ? naa?aeeiaeiieo AeINE?AeAEAIUe 3.1 NO?OEOO?A II?IAIAI I?INOI?O II??Ae-EIEAEOI??A I?IOeAIIAEO A?AeEEAAe?A OA ?? AIEEA IA O?EUeO?AOe?EII-?II?NI? IA?AIAO?E Aoaeoeai?noue aaieiai-aaio?ce/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu ?c oiieii?ioa?eiaith aoaeiaith ia iiaea aooe i?aeaeuaia aac anoaiiaeaiiy aca?iica’yce?a i?ae ci?iith o?ce/ieo iie?a a a??nueeeo ii?iaeao a?ae ?o iao?io?ce/ieo ia?aiao??a oa oa?aeoa?enoee iane/oth/eo oeth?ae?a. ?acoeueoaoe iao?io?ce/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ea?iiaiai iaoa??aeo na?iao-aaaeainueeeo a?aeeeaae?a iieacaee cia/i? e?oieia?/i? a?aei?iiino? ii??ae, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny aenieith, na?aaeiueith ? iecueeith ii?enoinoth. Aeey aea/aiiy aieeao e?oieia?/ieo a?aei?iiinoae ia eieaeoi?nuee? aeanoeaino? ii??ae iaie i?iaiaeeeenue aeine?aeaeaiiy iniaeeaino? aoaeiae ?oiuei? no?oeoo?e ii?iaiai i?inoi?o, ye? aeicaieeee anoaiiaeoe, ui iaeneiaeueiee ?aae?on caoaeaiue ii?iaeo eaiae?a a oeeo ii?iaeao eieeaa?oueny a iaaeao a?ae 0.08iei aei 10.9iei, i?e ci?iao eiao?oe??ioa ii?enoino? a?ae 0.5% aei 23.17% ca aeaieie ?oooii? ii?iiao???. Noia?iee ai?no oeueo?ai?e?iii? c ?aae?onii caoaeaiue aei 0.1 iei ci?ith?oueny a iaaeao a?ae 4.7% aei 8.7%. Niinoa??aa?oueny oaiaeaioe?y, i?e ye?e /anoea oeueo?ai?e?iii? a caaaeueiiio ia’?i? ii?iaiai i?inoi?o ca?eueoo?oueny ?c ciaioaiiyi ii?enoino? c?ace?a ea?io. ?ic?aooieiaa i?iieei?noue aeey oaeiai oeio eieaeoi??a ci?ith?oueny a iaaeao a?ae 10.810-15 iei2 aei 824.210-15 i2. Oa?aeoa?iith iniaeea?noth no?oeoo?e ii?iaiai i?inoi?o ii??ae-eieaeoi??a i?ioeaiiaeo a?aeeeaae?a ? ??cia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy a ieo ii? aaeeeeo ? iaeeo ?ici???a, i?e iaeiaeia?e caaaeuei?e ii?enoino?. ?acoeueoaoe eaai?aoi?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeicaieeee anoaiiaeoe, ui oaea iniaeea?noue iaoiiaeaia no?oeoo?ith ii?iaiai i?inoi?o ii?iaee, a oaeiae /anoeith i?eeiaeenia?nii? o?aeoe??, ?icn?yii? a i?e. Anoaiiaeaii, ui iayai?noue a i?neiaeeao-eieaeoi?ao ?icn?yii? aeeienoino?, i?ecaiaeeoue aei ciaioaiiy e?oieiai-no?oeoo?iiai eiao?oe??ioo, yeee a?aeia?aaea? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ina?oiino? caoaeaiue ? ?icoe?aiue ii?iaeo eaiae?a aei 0.08. Oae, iai?eeeaae, a c?aceao a??nueeeo ii??ae i?ioeaiiaeo a?aeeeaae?a, a?ae?a?aieo ?c aeeaeie 1591.0i, naa?aeeiaeia 5-Eaoiy c ii?eno?noth 20.9% oa oaciaith i?iieei?noth 39610-15 i2, e?oieiai-no?oeoo?iee eiao?oe??io ??aiee 0.504, eiao?oe??io caeeoeiai? aiaeiiane/aiino? i?e oeueiio neeaaea? 15%. A aiaeia?/ieo c?aceao c ii?eno?noth 19.2% oa oaciaith i?iieei?noth 50.210-15 i2 e?oieiai-no?oeoo?iee eiao?oe??io ??aiee 0.081, eiao?oe??io caeeoeiai? aiaeiiane/aiino? neeaaea? 36%. Aiae?c io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieacaa, ui a ia?oiio aeiaaeeo eiao?oe??io ia’?iii? aeeienoino? (Cae) a i?neiaeeao ??aiee 8.2% a oie /an, ye a ae?oaiio aeiaaeeo Cae ??aiee 18.8%. ?aae?on ?icoe?aiue ii?iaeo eaiae?a ia?aaeuo? ?aae?on caoaeaiue a 11.7 ?ac aeey ia?oiai aeiaaeeo ? a 3.3 ?ace aeey ae?oaiai. Ni?anoaaeaiiy no?oeoo? ii?iaiai i?inoi?o oaeeo ii??ae iieacaa, ui a i?neiaeeao, ye? ?icaeyaeaeenue o ae?oaiio aeiaaeeo ia?aaaaeathoue ae??ai? ii?e, ?aae?onii (0.01-0.1)iei - 20%, a oie /an, ye a ia?oiio aeiaaeeo ?o i?ioeaioiee ai?no ??aiee 5%. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue no?oeoo?e ii?iaiai i?inoi?o ie?aieo e?oioei?a i?ioeaiiaeo a?aeeeaae?a aeicaieeee anoaiiaeoe, ui o?eueo?aoe?eii-?ii?nia oa?aeoa?enoeea ii??ae-eieaeoi??a, a iniiaiiio, aoaea caeaaeaoe a?ae ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ionoio ??ciiai ?aae?ono, e?oieiai-no?oeoo?iiai eiao?oe??ioo oa ?icn?yii? aeeienoino?. Oiio, ne?ae i/?eoaaoe ??ciee aieea no?oeoo?e ii?iaiai i?inoi?o ia eiao?oe??io aacia?aeaea/? ii??ae-eieaeoi??a i?ioeaiiaeo a?aeeeaae?a. 3.2 ?II?NIA OA O?EUeO?AOe?EIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA II??Ae I?IOeAIIAEO A?AeEEAAe?A AACIAEO ?IAeIAEU A?EUe*A-AIEEOeUeEI? CIIE ?ica?aeea oa ?ic?iaea iaooiaaciaeo ?iaeiaeu aoaea a?eueo aoaeoeaia, yeui aeinoia??ii anoaiiaeoe iao?io?ce/i? ia?aiao?e oa oa?aeoa?enoeee ii??ae ? oeth?ae?a, ye? aeiiaiththoue neeaaei? aaieia?/i? ?ic??ce. Eaai?aoi?i? aeine?aeaeaiiy ea?iiaiai iaoa??aeo, a?ae?a?aiiai ?c i?ioeaiiaeo a?aeeeaae?a iieacaee, ui i?neiaeee ? aeaa?ie?oe ca?aeii ?ic?iaeaii? iaie eeaneo?eaoe?? iathoue ??ci? cia/aiiy eiao?oe??io?a ii?enoino?, aeeienoino?, caeeoeiai? aiaeiiane/aiino? oa ea?aiiaoiino?. Cia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioa ii?enoino? a ieo ci?ith?oueny a iaaeao a?ae 3.3% aei 26% i?e ci?i? aeeienoino? a?ae 0.65 aei 46%, ea?aiiaoiino? - a?ae 11.5% aei 33%. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie eaai?aoi?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue a ?ic??c? oeeo a?aeeeaae?a iiaeia aeae?eeoe oae? ii?iaee-eieaeoi?e: —i?neiaeee neaaicoeaiaioiaai?, ii?eno?noue ci?ith?oueny a?ae 22% aei 36%, i?iieei?noue a?ae 0.110-15 aei 26.410-15i2, U(Ra)=1.310-4%, Th=2.010-4%, K=0.8%, ?OA=18%, T1=350-696in, i?ia?aeueiee neeaae: eaa?oe, iaaiaceo, i?oieeac, oei?eo; —i?neiaeee aenieiii?eno?, ii?eno?noue ci?ith?oueny a?ae 20% aei 30%, i?iieei?noue a?ae 0.110-15 i2 aei 18.510-15 i2, U(Ra)=1.010-4%, Th=2.010-4%, K=0.5%, ?OA=18%, T1=350-696in, i?ia?aeueiee neeaae: oei?eo, ioneia?o, eaie?i?o; —i?neiaeee na?aaeiuei? ii?enoino?, ii?eno?noue ci?ith?oueny a?ae 10% aei 20%, i?iieei?noue - a?ae /anoee iaeeieoe? aei (0.2-0.6)10-15 i2, U(Ra)=1.210-4%, Th=2.110-4%, K=0.5%, ?OA=8%, T1=80-205in, i?ia?aeueiee neeaae: oei?eo, oee?eii, aeaoeii?o; —i?neiaeee iecueeiii?eno?, aaee/eia eiao?oe??ioa ii?enoino? ci?ith?oueny a?ae 4% aei 10%, i?iieei?noue iaioa 0.110-15 i2, U(Ra)=12.210-4%, Th=1.310-4%, K=1%, ?OA=4%,T1=50-140in, i?ia?aeueiee neeaae: eaa?oe, ioneia?o, a?ioeo. Aonoeia aeey aeuaaeacaieo a?oi i?neiaee?a ci?ith?oueny a?ae 1950 aei 2600 ea/i3. I?e aonoei? 2500-2600 ea/i3 i?neiaeee, a iniiaiiio, ea?aiiaoeciaai?, ea?aiiaoi?noue ?o ci?ith?oueny a?ae 21.4% aei 29.2%, ?c ca?eueoaiiyi ea?aiiaoiino? aiie iaeaea noathoue iai?iieeieie (Ei? = 0.00510-15 i2). Noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo aeine?aeaeaiiy oeeo ii??ae-eieaeoi??a aeicaieeea io?eiaoe iao?io?ce/i? caeaaeiino?, ui ae?aaeathoueny oaeeie ??aiyiiyie ?aa?an??: wmetafile8? ??u??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?A???&??yyyy?????Ay¤y?$ ???&? ?MathType?? ???u@th??????aea P — ia?aiao? ii?enoino?; r — eiao?oe??io ia?ii? ei?aeyoe??; Ki — eiao?oe??io ii?enoino?. , (3) aea Dt — ?ioa?aaeueiee /an i?ia?ao iiacaeiaaeiuei? oeueo?acaoeiai? oaee?; DJg— iiaea?eiee ??cieoeaaee ia?aiao?. wmetafile8? ??¬??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ? ???&??yyyy?????Aycy`" ???&? ?MathType?? ???u@th??????aea Kac — eiao?oe??io caeeoeiai? aiaeiiane/aiino?. ?c i?eaaaeaieo ??aiyiue ?aa?an?? aeaeii, ui iniaeea?noue aaieia?/ii? aoaeiae, a naia oiieii?ioa?eia?noue ?ic??c?a, iaoiiaeth? eiiieaeniee i?aeo?ae aei aecia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioa ii?enoino? ii??ae-eieaeoi??a. Aiae?coth/e iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe eaai?aoi?ieo aei??thaaiue iao?io?ce/ieo ia?aiao??a c?ace?a ea?io i?ioeaiiaeo a?aeeeaae?a, iaie ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeee aeey aecia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioa ii?enoino? ?c aeei?enoaiiyi aeonoe/ieo oa yaea?ii-o?ce/ieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiue naa?aeeiaei. 3.3 IAOIAeEEA AECIA*AIIss II?ENOINO? II??Ae OIIEII?IOA?EIAEO ?IC??C?A CA AeAIEIE AEONOE*IIAI, ?AAe?IAEOEAIIAI OA AEAEO?E*IIAI EA?IOAAE?A A oiieii?ioa?eiaeo aaieia?/ieo ?ic??cao aeieeathoue o?oaeiiu? i?e aecia/aii? eiao?oe??ioa ii?enoino? ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiae?a AAeN. Aeei?enoaiiy aeaiaei??ii? caeaaeiino? oeio DT=f(Ki) ia caaaeaee aeicaiey? io?eiaoe aeinoia??io ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i ii?eno?noue ii??ae. Iiynith?oueny oea oei, ui ia oaeaee?noue ?iciianthaeaeaiiy iiacaeiaaeiuei? oeueo?acaoeiai? oaee? aoaea cia/ii aieeaaoe oa?oaaoa aeeieno?noue, a oaeiae ieanoiaa aaciiane/ai?noue, ui ia a?aoiao?oueny i?e aeei?enoaii? aeuaaeacaii? caeaaeiino?. C iaoith a?aooaaiiy aieeao aeeienoino? ia iieace aeonoe/ieo iaoiae?a, iaie anoaiiaeaia caeaaei?noue ?ioaa?aeueii? ?aae?iaeoeaiino? a?ae aeeienoino?, yea ae?aaeaia oi?ioeith: wmetafile8? ??i??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? A`???&??yyyy?????Ay1/2y  ???&? ?MathType???????u—y ????aea Kae — eiao?oe??io ?icn?yii? aeeienoino?. sse aeaeii ?c oi?ioee (5), oe? aeaa ia?aiao?e iia’ycai? i?ae niaith neeaaeiith oi?iith ca’yceo, ui na?ae/eoue i?i iaiaeiicia/i?noue aaee/eie aei??yii? ?ioaa?aeueii? ?aae?iaeoeaiino?. sseui ?icae?eeoe io?eiaio e?i?th ?aa?an?? ia aea? iaeano?, oi ia ae?eyioe? ci?ie aeeienoino? a?ae 0 aei 15% aeo?eio?oueny e?i?eiee ca’ycie, a a?ae 15% aei 40% caeaaei?noue ia? neeaaeiee oa?aeoa?. Aiae?c ci?ie aaee/eie ?ioa?aaeueiiai /ano i?ia?ao iiacaeiaaei?o eieeaaiue a ii?iaeao c ??ciith aeeieno?noth oa ii?eno?noth iieacaa, ui aeey eiaeiiai oaeiai e?oioeio i?eoaiaiia o?eueee eiio iao?io?ce/ia caeaaei?noue. Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai, oa ocaaaeueiththth/e io?eiai? aenia?eiaioaeueiei oeyoii aeai? aeine?aeaeaiue ea?iiaiai iaoa??aeo, iaie anoaiiaeaia caeaaei?noue i?ae eiao?oe??ioii ii?enoino?, ?ioa?aaeueiei /anii i?ia?ao oeueo?acaoeiai? oaee? oa ?ioaa?aeueiith ?aae?iaeoeai?noth DT=f(Ki, DJg). Aiae?ce ?acoeueoao?a naa?aeeiaeiieo aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaee, ui oaeaee?noue i?ia?ao oeueo?acaoeiai? oaee? o aiaeiiinieo ieanoao a?eueoa i?ae o aaciiane/aieo. A ca’yceo c oeei iii?aaea ia ?ioa?aaeueiee /an ca oi?ioeith I.A?ee? oa A.A?aai?? aoaea iaoe aeaeyae: wmetafile8? ??a??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  `???&??yyyy?????Ayyy3/4yyy ??^?? ???&? ?MathType???????u@th??????A?aoiaoth/e aeuaaeacai? oaeoi?e aieeao ii??ae ia oaeaee?noue ?iciianthaeaeaiiy oeueo?acaoeiaeo eieeaaiue, iaie iiaoaeiaaii iiiia?aio, yea aaco?oueny ia ianooiieo aeo?aeieo aeaieo: aeeaei? caeyaaiiy ieanoa – H, ?ioa?aaeueiiio /an? i?ia?ao iicaeiaaeiuei? oeueo?acaoeiai? oaee? iaai?ioe ieanoa – DT, ui caeyaa? ia aeeaei? H, a?aeiini?e ?ioaineaiino? aaia-aei?ii?ithaaiiy (DJg), ieoiiiio aeaeo?e/iiio iii?? ieanoa ri oa ieoiiiio aeaeo?e/iiio iii?? ieanoiai? aiaee ia aeeaei? caeyaaiiy ieanoa (ra). 3.4 Iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy ii?enoino? ii??ae-eieaeoi??a ca aeaieie aaaaoiciiaeiaiai iaeo?iiiiai ea?ioaaeo Na?aae aaio?ce/ieo iaoiae?a, ca ?acoeueoaoaie yeeo aecia/athoue ii?eno?noue a??nueeeo ii??ae, iaeo?iii? iaoiaee aeae?eythoueny ?yaeii ia?aaaa. Ianaiia?aae, a?aeiinii aaeeeith i?iieeath/ith caeaoi?noth iaeo?iiiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy, a oaeiae oei, ui ?aae?iiao?e/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy c iaeiaeiaei oni?oii iiaeia i?iaiaeeoe ye a iaianaaeaieo, oae ? a ianaaeaieo naa?aeeiaeiao iacaeaaeii a?ae iayaiino? ? oa?aeoa?o caiiaithth/i? ?o ??aeeie. A noaiaea?oi?e iaoiaeeoe? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a aaaaoiciiaeiaiai iaeo?iiiiai ea?ioaaeo (AIE), ?ic?iaeai?e o AIAe?aai?ioi?inenoai, aieea naa?aeeiaeiieo oiia ia ?acoeueoaoe aei??thaaiiy ?ic?aoiao?oueny ca aoaeiiiith caeaaei?noth: wmetafile8? ????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????   ???&??yyyy?????AyTHyath ???&? ?MathType??P????u@th??????aea a — iii?aaea ca aieea naa?aeeiaeiieo oiia; w — i?ioeaioiee ai?no aiaeith a na?aaeiaeu?. Oaeee niin?a a?aooaaiiy aieeao naa?aeeiaeiieo oiia ia ?acoeueoaoe AIE, a i?eioeei?, i?/ei ia a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae oaeiai ae o?eueee aeey iaeiiciiaeiaeo onoaiiaie a aiaeia?/i?e neooaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe , ye? ie i?e oeueiio io?eio?ii, ? iaiaeiicia/i?, a oiio cia/aiiy ii?enoino?, yeo ie iaea?aeo?ii, ia a?aeiia?aea? ni?aaaei?e. Caaaeath/e ia aeuaaeacaia, iaie i?iiiio?oueny iiaee i?aeo?ae aei ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a AIE. Iaoiaeeea aaco?oueny ia ?aae?caoe?? ia?aaaa aeaiciiaeiaeo iaeo?iiieo aei??thaaiue a na?aaeiaeu?. Aeey aeeeth/aiiy aieeao aeeooc?eieo oa oiia?eueithth/eo aeanoeainoae na?aaeiaeua ia aei??thaaio ?ioaineai?noue oaieiaeo iaeo?ii?a aeei?enoiao?oueny a?aeiioaiiy iieac?a aeaio ciiae?a, ?ici?uaieo ia ??ci?e a?aenoai? a?ae aeaea?aea iaeo?ii?a r ? r+Dr : . (8) Ca?a?no?iaaia ?ioaineai?noue iioieo oaieiaeo iaeo?ii?a ?ic?aoiao?oueny ca oi?ioeith: , (9) aea B — eiao?oe??io, yeeecaeaaeeoue a?ae aeeooc?eieo aeanoeainoae na?aaeiaeua; L — aeiaaeeia oiia?eueiaiiy iaeo?ii?a a na?aaeiaeu?; Iio — ?ioaineai?noue iioieo oaieiaeo iaeo?ii?a. I?e ni?eueiiio aeei?enoaii? ae?ac?a 8 oa 9 io?eio?ii a?aeiioaiiy iieac?a ciiae?a ??cii? aeiaaeeie aeey iaaieo aeeooc?eieo aeanoeainoae na?aaeiaeua, ye? nooo?ai ci?iththoueny ?c ci?iith oeio ii?iaee, i?ia?ae?caoe?? i?iieaii? ??aeeie, oeaiaioiiai e?eueoey ? ieanoiai? aiaee: wmetafile8? ??e??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? a@???&??yyyy?????Ay1/4y?? ???&? ?MathType??????u????????????-?????lI?aeoe/ii oeacae?enith?oueny iiaoaeiaith a?ao?eo caeaaeiino?, ii iaei?e in? yeiai a?aeeeaaeathoueny iieace aaeeeiai ciiaea a oiiaieo iaeeieoeyo (Iio), a ii ae?oa?e in? eii?aeeiao — a?aeiioaiiy iieac?a aeaio ciiae?a (ia?aiao? A). Aeey eiie?aoieo naa?aeeiaeiieo oiia aeeooc?ei? aeanoeaino? ?ic?aoiaothoueny ca oi?ioeith: . (11) A?aooaaoe aieea oiia?eueithth/eo aeanoeainoae naa?aeeiaeiieo oiia aei??thaaiiy ia ?acoeueoaoe AIE, ?ic?aooaaoe ?ioaineai?noue iioieo oaieiaeo iaeo?ii?a o?eueee ca iaei??th caeaaei?noth A=f(Iio) aac aeiaeaoeiaeo aeaieo iaiiaeeeai. Ca?aeii c ??aiyiiyie (8) ? (9) iaeaeaa ia?aiao?e, ui ?a?no?othoueny, ? ooieoe??th oiia?eueithth/eo aeanoeainoae ii??ae. sseui a?aooaaoe, ui oiia?eueithth/? aeanoeaino? na?aaeiaeua coiiaeai? a iniiaiiio no?oeoo?ith ii?iaiai i?inoi?o, oi iiyaey?oueny iiaeeea?noue ia?aaoaeoaaoe e?ea? caeaaeiino? A=f(Iio) a e?ea? caeaaeiino? Iio=f(L) oa Iio=f(lgKi), oae ye L= f(lgKi). Aeei?enoiaoth/e caeaaei?noue Iio=f(lgKi), i?e iiaoaeia? yei? a?aoiaaii aieea naa?aeeiaeiieo oiia ia ?acoeueoaoe aei??thaaiiy, aoaeothoueny ooieoe?iiaeuei? caeaaeiino? A=f(Ki) aeey i?eeaae?a AIE-90 oa AIE-73. Canoinoaaiiy caeaaeiino? A=f(Ki) cia/ii ni?iuo? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?th ?acoeueoao?a naa?aeeiaeiieo aeine?aeaeaiue oiieii?ioa?eiaeo aaieia?/ieo ?ic??c?a. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iao?io?ce/ieo ia?aiao??a a??nueeeo ii??ae a cia/i?e i??? i?aeaeuothoue ?ioi?iaoeai?noue ?o ?ioa?i?aoaoe??, aeicaieythoue i?iaiicoaaoe eieaeoi?nuee? aeanoeaino?, a oaeiae caiane aaco ia ?iaeiaeuao. 4 ssaea?ii-o?ce/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeaiiaeo a?aeeeaae?a aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu ia?aaeea?iaooy Neeaaeia aaieia?/ia aoaeiaa ?ic??c?a aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu A?eue/a-Aieeoeueei? ciie ia iiaea aooe aeinoia??ii aea/aia aac ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a i?aeoeeo aeine?aeaeaiue yaea?ii-o?ce/ieo iaoiae?a. Ia?niaeoeaieie aeey ae??oaiiy oe??? caaea/? ? aaia-niaeo?iiao?e/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?iaaaeai? iaie aeine?aeaeaiiy noai?eee iaoeia? ia?aaeoiiae aaieia?/ii? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? aeaieo oeeo iaoiae?a. Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a eaai?aoi?ieo oa naa?aeeiaeiieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeicaieea anoaiiaeoe, ui ?iciiae?e ?aae?iaeoeaieo ?cioii?a U(Ra), Th ? K40 a i?ioeaiiaeo a?aeeeaaeao aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu caeaaeeoue a?ae i?ia?aeueiiai neeaaeo ii??ae, oiia ?o oi?ioaaiiy ? ci?ith?oueny ?c aeeaeiith. Oae a na?iaonueeeo a?aeeeaaeao aei?ia?ao?anueei? naeoe, ai?eciioe Ae-5, Ae-6, Ae-7, Ae-9 oa IAe-9, IAe-10, IAe-11, IAe-12 (Eaoiyinueea aaciaa ?iaeiaeua) ai?no ?aae?iaeoeaieo ?cioii?a U(Ra), Th ? K40 i?aeoe/ii iaeiaeiaee. Na?aaei?e ai?no eiioeaio?aoe?e ?aae?iaeoeaieo ?cioii?a aei??aith?: U(Ra) — 2.110-4%, Th — 4.310-4%, K40 — 2.4%. A oie aea /an a?aei?/a?oueny iii?oia ca?eueoaiiy ?o eiioeaio?aoe?e a ai?eciioao Ae-8, Ae-10 a?aeiia?aeii U(Ra) — 7.110-4% oa Th-7.910-4 %. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aaaeainuee? a?aeeeaaee oa?aeoa?ecothoueny, a ii??aiyii? c na?iaonueeeie, i?aeaeuaiei ai?noii ?aae?iaeoeaieo ?cioii?a U(Ra) , Th oa E40. Na?aaei? cia/aiiy eiioeaio?aoe?e ?aae?iaeoeaieo ?cioii?a o?aio, oi??th, eae?th a?aeiia?aeii aei??aiththoue 3.710-4%, 9.810-4% oa 3.5%. Oae? a?aeoeeaiiy a ?iciiae?e? ?aae?iaeoeaieo ?cioii?a a na?iaonueeiio oa aaaeainueeiio y?onao iiyniththoueny oiiaaie inaaeiiaeiie/aiiy, a oaeiae iayai?noth aeioeaaiiiai iaoa??aeo, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ?iaioaie Ia/eii?eiaa A.E. oa Aeaena?aa A.A. Ai?no oi??th a na?iaonueeeo a?aeeeaaeao eieeaa?oueny a iaaeao a?ae 7.010-4% aei 8.110-4%. Iaeiaioei cia/aiiyi ai?noo oi??th (1.110-4%) oa?aeoa?ecothoueny /eno? i?neiaeee n??iai eieuei?o, na?aaei? cia/aiiy ?? ?ioaa?aeueii? ?aae?iaeoeaiino? ??aia 4-5ie?/aiae. Aeaa?ie?oe ca ai?noii oi??th caeiathoue i?ii?aeia iieiaeaiiy i?ae aeeienoeie ? i?uaienoeie ii?iaeaie, na?aaei?e ai?no oi??th a ieo aei??aith? 4.110-4 %. ?acoeueoaoe eaai?aoi?ii? aaia-niaeo?iiao??? /enoeo aeei na?iaonueeeo ? aaaeainueeeo a?aeeeaae?a iieacaee, ui ca eiioeaio?aoe??th o?aio oa oi??th aiie i?aeoe/ii ia a?ae??ciythoueny i?ae niaith, a oie aea /an, aaaeainuee? i?neiaeee oa aeaa?ie?oe aei neeaaeo yeeo aoiaeeoue i?aai?/ia ?a/iaeia aieiae?thoue i?aeaeuaiei ai?noii o?aio, oi??th oa eae?th. Ananoi?iii?e aiae?c oa ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy ?iciiae?eo ?aae?iaeoeaieo ?cioii?a a ii?iaeao i?ioeaiiaiai a?eo aeicaieea ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy i?e?iaee i?aeaeuaii? ?aae?iaeoeaiino? i?neiaee?a. Nooue ?? iieyaa? a oiio, ui aeey eiie?aoieo a?aeeeaae?a ?ic?aoiao?oueny eiioeaio?aoe?y ai?noo ?aae?iaeoeaieo ?cioii?a U(Ra), Th i K40 oa oa?aeoa?ia aeey ieo ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ?aae?iaeoeaiiai ?cioiio oi??th aei eae?th. Oaeee i?aeo?ae aeicaiey? ?aeaioeo?eoaaoe ii?iaee ca ai?noii eae?eai?uath/eo i?ia?ae?a. Aeey /enoeo aeei na?iaonueeiai y?ono, a yeeo aeii?iothoue oae? i?ia?aee ye eaie?i?o, ioneia?o, ?ee?o oa iiioii?eeii?o, ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oi??th aei eae?th Th/K40=2.710-4. Aiaeia?/ia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy Th/K40 aeey /enoeo i?neiaee?a na?iaonueeiai y?ono ??aia 1910-4. Aeei?enoiaoth/e anoaiiaeaio iaie caeaaei?noue a?aeiioaiiy noia?iiai ai?noo ?aae?iaeoeaieo ?cioii?a o?aio iethn oi??e aei eae?th, iiaeia ioe?ieoe aeeaae eae?th, a a?aeiia?aeii aeeienoino? a ?ioaa?aeueio ?aae?iaeoeai?noue ii?iaee. Iaiaeiaaaeia ?ieue a ioe?ioe? e?oioeio, ui neeaaea? aaieia?/iee ?ic??c iaeaaeeoue oi/iino? ciaoiaeaeaiiy eiai a?aieoeue caeyaaiiy. I?iaaaeai? ?ic?aooiee ii aecia/aiith i?noeaciaoiaeaeaiiy a?aieoe? i?ae ieanoaie i?e oiia? no?iaiai oeaio?oaaiiy naa?aeeiaeiiiai i?eeaaeo oa oiia? oi/eiaiai i?eeia/a iieacaee, ui iioeaea ciaoiaeaeaiiy a?aieoe? ieanoa (x) caeaaeeoue a?ae iioeaee aei??thaaiiy () neaiaeo ia?oiai ? ae?oaiai ieano?a (a?aeiia?aeii g01 oa g02), eiao?oe??ioa iiaeeiaiiy neaiaeo ao?iaei ?ic/eiii (a) oa aaiiao?e/iiai oaeoi?o rao ? l. Oae? caeaaeiino? ca c?iaeaieie iaie ?ic?aooieaie, ae?aceeenue a oi?ioe?: , (12) aea O — iiieeea aecia/aiiy i?noey ciaoiaeaeaiiy ieanoa; — iioeaea ?acoeueoao?a aei??thaaiiy; g01 ? g02 — a?aeiia?aeii neaiaee, ye? iaaeoiaeyoue a?ae ia?oiai ? ae?oaiai ieanoa; 1/a — eiao?oe??io iiaeeiaiiy neaiaeo a naa?aeeiaei?. sse aeaeii ?c oi?ioee (12), aaee/eia iioeaee ciaoiaeaeaiiy a?aieoeue ieano?a, a iniiaiiio, aoaea iaoiiaeaia ?icae?eueiith caeaoi?noth aei??thaaeueii? aia?aoo?e, aoaeoeaiei ?aae?onii aei??thaaiiy, a oaeiae oeiii ao?iaiai ?ic/eio. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ?iciiae?eo ?aae?iaeoeaieo ?cioii?a a i?ioeaiiaeo a?aeeeaaeao aeicaieeee ?ic?iaeoe aeai?eoi e?euee?niiai aecia/aiiy ai?noo U(Ra), Th i K40 a ii?iaeao. I?e oeueiio iaie ?icaeyaea?oueny aa??aio aieeao ca?a?no?iaaieo ?iioeuen?a iaeiiai eaiaeo ia ?ioee “aaa?o” ? “aiec” ca aia?a?yie. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aieea eaiaeo ia eaiae i?e ?a?no?aoe?? aaia-eaaio?a a iecueeiaia?aaoe/ieo iaeanoyo aoaea oei a?eueoee, /ei iaioa ?icae?eueia caeaoi?noue niaeo?iiao?a oa eiioeaio?aoe?eia /ooeea?noue eiaeiiai aei??thaaeueiiai eaiaeo. Aeey aeyaeaiiy iiaeeeainoae aaia-iaoiae?a a eiiieaen? aaieiai-aaio?ce/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue oiieii?ioa?eiaeo aaieia?/ieo ?ic??c?a, iaie i?iaiaeeeenue aei??thaaiiy i?e?iaeii? ?aae?iaeoeaiino? ii??ae i?e ??cieo oaoiieia?/ieo ?aaeeiao. A ?acoeueoao? iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy io?eiaia iiiia?aia, yea aeicaiey? aea?aoe iioeiaeuei? ?aaeeie i?iaaaeaiiy ?aae?iaeoeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue. 5 ssaea?ii-iaai?oi? aeine?aeaeaiiy ii??ae OIIEIi?ioa?eiaeo i?ioeaiiaeo a?aeeeaae?a 5.1 ssaea?ii-o?ce/i? ia?aaeoiiae aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeaiiaeo a?aeeeaae?a Aoaeoeai?noue a?eueoino? aaio?ce/ieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiue oiieii?ioa?eiaeo ?ic??c?a iecueea ca ?aooiie iaaeineiiaeino? aia?aoo?ii? aace, aoi?eiiino? io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aaciina?aaeiuei a i?ioean? aei??thaaiiy. ssaea?ii-iaai?oiee iaoiae iicaaaeaiee a?eueoino? aeua ia?a?aoiaaieo iciae, iino?eueee ? i?yiei ? aeicaiey? aei??thaaoe noai?ai? o?ce/i? iiey aaciina?aaeiuei a ieano?-eieaeoi??. A ?iaioao a/aieo ? aeine?aeiee?a A.?. Aeaiaae/a, Ae.I. Naaeeoiaa, TH.N. *a?ieoiaa, N.I. Aenaeue?iaea aeineoue iiaii ia??oioiaothoueny ia?aaaae yaea?ii-iaai?oieo iaoiae?a i?e aeine?aeaeaii? naa?aeeiaei ? aecia/aii? iao?io?ce/ieo ia?aiao??a ii??ae-eieaeoi??a. Aenia?eiaioe, i?iaaaeai? iaie ia c?aceao a??nueeeo ii??ae c aeei?enoaiiyi aia?aoo?e yaea?ii-iaai?oiiai ?aciiaino, aeicaieeee aea/eoe yaea?ii-iaai?oi? oa?aeoa?enoeee i?ioeaiiaeo a?aeeeaae?a, ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo ii aecia/aiith o?eueo?aoe?eii-?ii?nieo ia?aiao??a i?iaeoeoeaieo ieano?a. Iaie anoaiiaeaii, ui aeey na?iao-aaaeainueeeo a?aeeeaae?a aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu A?eue/a-Aieeoeueei? ciie oa?aeoa? ci?ie /ano ?aeaenaoe?? aeineoue neeaaeiee ? i?aaenoaaeaiee aeaio- oa o?ueioeiiiiiaioieie e?eaeie. Aeey an?o c?ace?a oa?aeoa?ia iayai?noue aeiaai? eiiiiiaioe, yea, a iniiaiiio, iaoiiaeaia a?eueiei oeth?aeii a ii?iae?. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ea?io c ??ciith caeeoeiaith aiaeiiane/ai?noth iieacaee, ui “ei?ioe?” oace ?aeaenaoe?eii? e?eai? coiiaeai? iiaa?oiaaith aeoeai?noth c?acea ii?iaee. A?aoiaoth/e oa, ui “aeiaaa” eiiiiiaioa ooieoe?iiaeueii caeaaeeoue a?ae aoaeoeaii? ii?enoino? ii?iaee, a?aei?/aii, ui ??cieoey a iicaeiaaeiueiio /an? ?aeaenaoe?? ia?oi? oa ae?oai? eiiiiiaioe aoaea oei a?eueoa, /ei aeua ii?eno?noue ii?iaee. Aeey i?neiaee?a i?ioeaiiaeo a?aeeeaae?a cia/aiiy /ano iicaeiaaeiuei? ?aeaenaoe?? ia?oi? aai “aeiaai?” eiiiiiaioe ci?ith?oueny a iaaeao a?ae 160in aei 698in ? a na?aaeiueiio aei??aith? 428in i?e ?? na?aaeiueiaaaiaiio ai?no? 69%. Aeey ei?ioeiaeeao/i? aai ae?oai? eiiiiiaioe /an ?aeaenaoe?? O1 eieeaa?oueny a iaaeao a?ae 50in ? aei 80in i?e na?aaei?e aac? 25%. E?eaa /ano iicaeiaaeiuei? ?aeaenaoe?? aeey iecueeiii?enoeo c?ace?a na?iao-aaaeainueeeo a?aeeeaae?a a iai?aeiaa?eoi?/iiio ianooaa? ia? yaiiae?aaeaiee i?yiie?i?eiee oa?aeoa?. ?ioaa?aeueiee /an ?aeaenaoe?? a oaeeo ii?iaeao ??aiee 15-20in, a aaee/eia /ano iicaeiaaeiuei? ?aeaenaoe?? O1 “aeiaai?” eiiiiiaioe eieeaa?oueny a iaaeao a?ae 47aei 140in, ei?ioei? a?ae 15in aei 45in. ?ic?aooieiaa oaeaee?noue ni?i-?ao?o/aoi? ?aeaenaoe?? (rs) ??aia 60-65 n-1. Aenieiii?eno? c?acee (Ei=1829%) oa?aeoa?ecothoueny aeaioeiiiiiaioiith e?eaith, /an ?aeaenaoe?? “aeiaai?” eiiiiiaioe eieeaa?oueny a iaaeao 350-696in a caeaaeiino? a?ae i?ia?ae?caoe?? ieanoiai? aiaee, aai aonoeie oeth?aeo caiiaithth/iai ionoioiee i?ino?? ii?iaee. Aaee/eia /ano O1 ei?ioei? eiiiiiaioe a oeueiio aeiaaeeo aoaea eieeaaoeny a iaaeao a?ae 25in aei 80in. I?e iayaiino? aeeienoino? a ii?iae?, e?eaa /ano iicaeiaaeiuei? ?aeaenaoe?? O1 aoaea oa?aeoa?ecoaaoeny o?ueiia, a o aeiaaeeo iaiaeii??aeiino? i?ia?aeueiiai neeaaeo ii?iaee, ? a?eueoith e?euee?noth eiiiiiaio?a. Cia/aiiy /ano O1 ??aia, iaioa 10in, coiiaeaia a iniiaiiio aeeieno?noth ? iiaea aeei?enoiaoaaoeny aeey ?? ye?nii? ioe?iee. Iaeiei ?c iniiaieo o?ce/ieo ia?aiao??a, ye? ?a?no?othoueny aia?aoo?ith yaea?ii-iaai?oiiai ?aciiaino ? ?iaeaen a?eueiiai oeth?aeo (?AO). Oeae ia?aiao? ae?aaea? e?euee?nii aoaeoeaio ii?eno?noue, oa?aeoa?eco? iaooiaaciiane/ai?noue i?iaeoeoeaieo ieano?a. A iniia? aei??thaaiiy (?AO) eaaeeoue eiai ca’ycie ?c /anii iicaeiaaeiuei? ?aeaenaoe?? O1. Anoaiiaeai? iaie aenia?eiaioaeueii aca?iica’ycee ?iaeaeno a?eueiiai oeth?aeo ?c eiao?oe??ioii aiaeiiane/aiino?, oa eiao?oe??ioii ii?enoino? ae?aaeai? oi?ioeaie: Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aeaenaoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee aiaeiiinieo ii??ae c iaoith ?ic?iaee iaoiaeeee ioe?iee oa?aeoa?o iane/aiino? ieano?a iieacaee, ui a a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a oae? ii?iaee oa?aeoa?ecothoueny e?eaith, oi?ia yei? ci?ith?oueny a caeaaeiino? a?ae ii?enoino?. Iecueeiii?eno? c?acee, aaee/eia eiao?oe??ioo ii?enoino? (Ei) yeeo eieeaa?oueny a iaaeao a?ae 3% aei 6% aieiae?thoue oa?aeoa?ii iecueeeie cia/aiiyie O, a?ae 25in aei 75in i?e na?aaeiueiio cia/aii? O1=36in. ?iaeaen a?eueiiai oeth?aeo a oaeeo ii?iaeao ci?ith?oueny a?ae 0 aei 5%, aeey ieo oa?aeoa?ia aeineoue iecueea i?iieei?noue 0.8 10-15i2. Ae?oaa a?oia c?ace?a, ye? aeine?aeaeoaaeeny, aoea i?aaenoaaeaia ii?iaeaie, ?aeaenaoe?ei? oa?aeoa?enoeee yeeo aeecuee? aei ?aeaenaoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee c?ace?a, a?ae?a?aieo ?c iaooiiane/aieo ieano?a. Aaee/eia /ano iicaeiaaeiuei? ?aeaenaoe?? O1 i?iaeno?aaiaaieo c?ace?a ci?ith?oueny a?ae 90in aei 400in ? a na?aaeiueiio ??aia 397in . sseui ii??aithaaoe iiia?a/iee /an ?aeaenaoe?? ?c iicaeiaaei?i O1 aeey oeeo ii??ae, oi O2 cia/ii iaioee a?ae O1 ? a na?aaeiueiio ??aiee 220in. Aiae?coth/e io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe yaea?ii-iaai?oieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aaeaeiny anoaiiaeoe, ui ia? i?noea ca?eueoaiiy O1 i?iaeno?aaiaaieo c?ace?a i?e iaci?iiiio ni?aa?aeiioaii? aeie? aeiaai? ? ei?ioei? eiiiiiaioe. I/aaeaeii a ?acoeueoao? aeno?aaoaaiiy c?ace?a ia’?i aaeeeeo ionoio, ye? ca?eueieeenue a?ae ieeneaii? iaooe cia/ii a?eueoee, i?ae ia’?i ae??aieo ii?. Ca?eueoaiiy aaee/eie ei?ioei? eiiiiiaioe O1 iiaeia iiynieoe aeieaaiiyi ?c ae??aieo ii? caeeoeiai? iaooe i?e aeno?aaoaaii?. A?aoiaoth/e oa, ui yaea?ii-iaai?oi? aeanoeaino? ii??ae caeaaeaoue a?ae ?o iiaa?oiaai? aeoeaiino?, iaie i?iaiaeeeenue aeine?aeaeaiiy ii aeyaeaiith aieeao aeeienoino? oa ia’?iii? aieiaino? ii??ae ia ?AO. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeicaieeee anoaiiaeoe o?niee ca’ycie aeeienoino? ?c ?AO, ui iiynith?oueny cia/ieie aaeni?aoe?eieie aeanoeainoyie aeei. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie eaai?aoi?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue yaea?ii-iaai?oieo aeanoeainoae a??nueeeo ii??ae, iaie ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee ?ici??o ii? oa no?oeoo?e ii?iaiai i?inoi?o. Iaoiaeeea aaco?oueny ia oiio, ui /an iicaeiaaeiuei? ?aeaenaoe?? O1 ca’ycaiee ?c no?oeoo?ith ii? caeaaei?noth, yea ae?aaeaia oi?ioeith : , (14) aea D — eiao?oe??io naiiaeeooc?? D=12/6t; t — /an ei?aeyoe??; l — aeiaaeeia a?eueiiai i?ia?ao iieaeoee a ??aeei?; a - ?ici?? ii?; ? — eiia??i?noue ?aeaenaoe?? i?ioii?a ia a?aieoe? ??aeeie ? oaa?aeiai o?ea; E — /enei, yea ci?ith?oueny a iaaeao a?ae 2 aei 3 a caeaaeiino? a?ae oi?ie ii?. Anoaiiaeai? caeaaeiino? iicaeiaaeiueiai /ano ?aeaenaoe?? c?ace?a ii??ae ? /anii ?aeaenaoe?? a?eueii? aiaee O1a.a. aeicaieeee anoaiiaeoe ca’ycie: . (15) sseui i?aenoaaeoe o oi?ioeo (15) cia/aiiy A, D, p ? l, ye? a?aeii? ?c e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae, oi io?eia?ii ae?ac aeey ?ic?aooieo ?ici???a noa?e/ieo oi?i: . (16) Iiaoaeiaaia ca oi?ioeith (16) caeaaei?noue aeicaiey? aeni?anii ca a?aeiiei /anii iicaeiaaeiuei? ?aeaenaoe?? O1 a a??nuee?e ii?iae? oa iicaeiaaei?i /an? a?eueii? aiaee aecia/eoe ?ici?? ii? a??nueei? ii?iaee. 6 Aoaeoeai?noue aea/aiiy ii??ae-eieaeoi??a oiieii?ioa?eiaeo aaieia?/ieo ?ic??c?a ca aeiiiiiaith iao?io?ce/ieo oa yaea?ii-o?ce/ieo iaoiae?a ?ic?iaeaiee iaie eiiieaeniee i?aeo?ae aei aaieiai-aaio?ce/iiai aea/aiiy oiieii?ioa?eiaeo ?ic??c?a ia?aaeaa/a? canoinoaaiiy o?eueee oaeeo iaoiae?a ? iaoiaeee, ye? aeathoue iiaeeea?noue aeae?eeoe ieanoe-eieaeoi?e, aecia/eoe ?o i?ae?aooieia? ia?aiao?e, ioe?ieoe oa?aeoa? iane/aiiy. ?aae?caoe?y oe??? caaea/? cae?enith?oueny ca ianooiiith noaiith aeine?aeaeaiue (?en.1). sse aeaeii ?c cai?iiiiiaaii? noaie ia ia?oiio aoai? aaieiai-aaio?ce/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaeoeoeaieo oiieii?ioa?eiaeo ?ic??c?a aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu, iaiao?aeii aeeiiaoe eaai?aoi?i? aei??e iao?io?ce/ieo ia?aiao??a ii??ae-eieaeoi??a, aecia/eoeny ?c e?oieia?/iith aoaeiaith ?ic??co, ioe?ieoe iaeo?iii? aeanoeaino? na?aaeiaeua. Ianooiiei aoaiii aeine?aeaeaiiy aoaea ciaoiaeaeaiiy a?aieoe? ieano?a eieaeoi??a, ca aeaieie ci?ie ?ioaineaiino? ?ioaa?aeueii? ?aae?iaeoeaiino? ii??ae. Iaoiaeeea, ca yeith aecia/athoueny a?aieoe? ieano?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui iioeaeo aei??thaaiiy o?ce/ieo aaee/ei a i?ioean? aaio?ce/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?ic??c?a aaio?ce/ieie iaoiaeaie ia?aaiaeeii a iioeaeo aecia/aiiy i?noeaciaoiaeaeaiiy a?aieoe? ieanoa ca oi?ioeith, yea ?aae?co? ?ic?iaeaiee iaie aeai?eoi: , (17) aea Dx – iioeaea aecia/aiiy i?noeaciaoiaeaeaiiy a?aieoe? ieanoa; D – iioeaea ?acoeueoao?a aei??thaaiiy; q01, q02 – a?aeiia?aeii neaiae a?ae ia?oiai ? ae?oaiai ieanoa; S – a?aeaeaeue i?ae aeao/eeii ? a?aieoeath ieanoa; 1/a – iiaeeiath/? aeanoeaino? na?aaeiaeua. I?e oiia? no?iaiai oeaio?oaaiiy i?eeaaeo oi?ioea (17) aoaea iaoe aeaeyae: , (18) aea r — ?aae?on naa?aeeiaeie; l — a?aeaeaeue a?ae aeao/eea aei aeaiaioa?iiai aei?ii?ithth/iai ia’?io. I?ney aeae?eaiiy ieano?a-eieaeoi??a, ianooiiei aoaiii aoaea ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aaio?ce/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue a naa?aeeiaeiao c a?aooaaiiyi iiia?aaei?o eaai?aoi?ieo iao?io?ce/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ea?iiaiai iaoa??aeo, ca niaoe?aeueieie iaoiaeeeaie. Oaeee i?aeo?ae aeoaea aaaeeeaee i?e aecia/aii? eiao?oe??ioa ii?enoino? ii??ae ca aeaieie aeonoe/ieo, ?aae?iaeoeaieo oa eaai?aoi?ieo iaoiae?a. ?ic?iaeaiee iaie aeai?eoi ?ic?aooieo aeeooc?eieo oa oiia?eueithth/eo iaeo?iiieo ia?aiao??a na?aaeiaeua ?aae?ciaaiee a e?ioeaaeo oi?ioeao: , (19) aea A – a?aeiioaiiy iieac?a iaeiai ciiaea aei iieac?a aaeeeiai ciiaea; Ii.o(r), Ii.o(r+ Dr) – a?aeiia?aeii ?ioaineai?noue iieac?a iaeiai oa aaeeeiai ciiaea; L – aeiaaeeia oiia?eueiaiiy iaeo?ii?a. , (20) aea A1 — a?aeiioaiiy iieac?a aeaio ciiae?a a ia?oiio na?aaeiaeu?; A2 — a?aeiioaiiy iieac?a aeaio ciiae?a a ae?oaiio na?aaeiaeu?. Ai?iaaoe?y eiiieaenii? noaie aeine?aeaeaiiy oiieii?ioa?eiaeo ?ic??c?a ia i?eeeaae? a?aeeeaae?a aei?ia?ao?anueei? naeoe aeicaieeee ?icae?eeoe ?o ia ai?eciioe, ye? i?aaenoaaeythoue niaith ie?ai? a?ae?inenoaie, aeiiaiai? i?uaii-aeeienoeie e?oioeiaie ?c i?eoaiaiieie o?eueee ?i iciaeaie. Aeei?enoiaoth/e iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee i?e?iaee i?aeaeuaii? ?aae?iaeoeaiino? anoaiiaeaii, ui oooe a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae ?ioeo ii??ae aenieei cia/aiiyi ?aae?iaeoeaiino? 15-26 ie?/aiae. A?aei?/aii, ui i?e ci?i? ii?enoino? a iaaeao (20-30)%, aiaeiiane/ai?noue ooo?a ci?ith?oueny a?ae 80% aei 90%. Oaciaa i?iieei?noue ii aoaeaaiaeiyo o ieo i?aeoe/ii a?aenooiy. Ca iaoeie aeaieie, aeanoeaino? ooo?a aecia/athoueny ianaiia?aae ?o i?e?ino?oeoo?ith, yea neeaaea?oueny c ae??aieo aeaa?eoiaeo oeaie?a aoeeai?/iiai neea. Ii?iaeieie i?ae oeaieaie a oooao caiiaiai? oiiei-eeaioeeiaei a?ae?inethaeenoei iaoa??aeii. C aeoeani?ieo i?ia?ae?a aeii?io? oee?eii, yeee ?acii ?c a?ae?inethaeenoei iaoa??aeii iaoiiaeth? i?aeaeuaio ?aae?iaeoeai?noue ooo?a. A?aoiaoth/e iniaeeaino? i?ia?aeueiiai neeaaeo oa no?oeoo?e ii?iaiai i?inoi?o, iiaeia i?eionoeoe, ui aiie ? oi?ioeie iie?eoeaie oa ?aia?aie, ye? iaeiicia/ii aeae?eythoueny ca aeaieie aaio?ce/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue naa?aeeiaei. I?aeoe/iee aeina?ae canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeee aeey e?oieia?/iiai ?ic/eaioaaiiy oiieii?ioa?eiaeo aaieia?/ieo ?ic??c?a, aecia/aiiy o?eueo?aoe?eii-?ii?nieo ia?aiao??a oa ioe?iee aaciiiniino? i?iaiicieo i?iaeoeoeaieo ia’?eo?a ia ?onueei-Eiia??anueeiio ?iaeiaeu? iieacaa ?o aenieo aoaeoeai?noue. Aeey i?ioeaiiaeo a?aeeeaae?a Eaoiyinueeiai, A?ooaanueeiai aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu i?iaaaeaii aiaeia?/io e?oieia?/io ei?aeyoe?th c aeae?eaiiyi i?iaeoeoeaieo i?uaienoeo ai?eciio?a. Ia aac? ?acoeueoao?a eiiieaenieo aeine?aeaeaiue iiaoaeiaaii noaio ?iciianthaeaeaiiy i?uaieo ieano?a, ioe?iaii ?o ia?niaeoeai?noue. AENIIAEE A ?acoeueoao? oai?aoe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?ic?iaeaii iiaee i?aeo?ae aei aeine?aeaeaiiy aaciiinieo oiieii?ioa?eiaeo i?ioeaiiaeo a?aeeeaae?a Ea?iaonueei? iaooiaaciiinii? i?ia?ioe?? oa aeyaeaii ?o i?ia?aeia?/i? iniaeeaino?, ui coiiaeai? i?ioeanaie ooai?aiiy. Ia aac? eiiieaenieo iao?ia?ao?/ieo ? aaieiai-aaio?ce/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue c aeei?enoaiiyi yaea?ii-o?ce/ieo iaoiae?a ?icoe?aii e?oieia?/io eeaneo?eaoe?th i?ioeaiiaeo a?aeeeaae?a A?eue/a-Aieeoeueei? ciie. Aia?oa aeey oiieii?ioa?eiaeo aaieia?/ieo ?ic??c?a ?ic?iaeaia iao?io?ce/ia iniiaa, yea aeei?enoiao?oueny aeey i?ae?aooieo caian?a aaco, aea/aia caeiiii??i?noue ?iciiae?eo iaoo?aeueieo ?aae?iaeoeaieo ?cioii?a o?aio, oi??th oa eae?th a i?ioeaiiaeo a?aeeeaaeao aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu Ia?aaeea?iaonueeiai oa Caea?iaonueeiai i?iaei?a, aeyaeaii ?o aca?iica’ycee ?c aeeieno?noth. Ia iniia? ?acoeueoao?a naa?aeeiaeiii? oa eaai?aoi?ii? aaia-niaeo?iiao??? cae?eniaii e?oieia?/ia ?ic/eaioaaiiy i?ioeaiiaeo a?aeeeaae?a, aeae?eaii ieanoe-eieaeoi?e, ioe?iaii ?o ?ii?nii-o?eueo?aoe?ei? oa?aeoa?enoeee oa oa?aeoa? oeth?aeiiane/aiiy. Aea/aii oa ia??oioiaaii iiaeeeaino? iaoiaeo yaea?ii-iaai?oiiai ?aciiaino aeey aecia/aiiy iao?io?ce/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee i?ioeaiiaeo a?aeeeaae?a, aeyaeaii aca?iica’ycee yaea?ii-iaai?oieo ia?aiao??a (/ano oa oaeaeeino? ?aeaenaoe?? yaea? ii??ae) c ?o iao?io?ce/ieie ia?aiao?aie. I?e oeueiio io?eiai? oae? iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe: 1. ?ic?iaeaii e?oieia?/io eeaneo?eaoe?th oiieii?ioa?eiaeo i?ioeaiiaeo a?aeeeaae?a aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu Ia?aaeea?iaonueeiai oa Caea?iaonueeiai i?iaei?a ca aeaieie iao?ia?ao?/ieo oa yaea?ii-o?ce/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue. Aeyaeaii, ui ii?yae ?c cia/iei ai?noii o ii?iaeao i?ioeaiiaiai a?eo aeeienoiai i?ia?aeo aeaoeii?oo, ? a aeinoaoi?e e?eueeino? i?ia?aee ?c a?oie noeueoao?a ? noeueo?ae?a, ye? coiiaeththoue ?o aeaeo?iiio i?ia?aei?noue, a oaeiae i?ia?ae?a, ui ai?uothoue a nia? ?aae?iaeoeai? ?cioiie o?aio ? oi??th. Oaea iniaeea?noue aaieia?/ii? aoaeiae i?ioeaiiaeo a?aeeeaae?a cao?oaeiy? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?th aeaieo aeaeo?e/ieo oa ?aae?iaeoeaieo iaoiae?a. Aeiaaaeaii, ui i?e/eiith iecueei? aoaeoeaiino? aeyaeaiiy aaciaeo iieeaae?a o aaieia?/ieo ?ic??cao c oiieii?ioa?eiaith aoaeiaith ? a?aenooi?noue iaae?eieo ?aia??a i?e e?oieiai-no?aoea?ao?/i?e ei?aeyoe??, iaaeinoaoiy ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i i?e?iaeo i?aeaeuaii? ?aae?iaeoeaiino? ii??ae-eieaeoi??a oa ?o cia/ia aeeieno?noue. 2. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ioe?iee no?oeoo?e ii?iaiai i?inoi?o ii ci?i? ?aeaenaoe?eieo ia?aiao??a ii??ae-eieaeoi??a i?ioeaiiaeo a?aeeeaae?a. Ia??oioiaaia iiaeeea?noue iaoiaeo yaea?ii-iaai?oiiai ?aciiaino i?e aeine?aeaeaii? oiieii?ioa?eiaeo aaieia?/ieo ?ic??c?a iaooiaaciaeo ?iaeiaeu. 3. Aia?oa ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy ?ii?nieo ia?aiao??a ii??ae-eieaeoi??a i?ioeaiiaeo a?aeeeaae?a aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu Ia?aaeea?iaonueeiai oa Caea?iaonueeiai i?iaei?a ca aeaieie iaoiaeo yaea?ii-iaai?oiiai ?aciiaino. 4. Aia?oa aeyaeaii yaea?ii-o?ce/i? e?eoa??? aeae?eaiiy ii??ae-eieaeoi??a a oiieii?ioa?eiaeo ?ic??cao i?ioeaiiaeo a?aeeeaae?a. 5. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioa ii?enoino? ca aeaieie aaaaoiciiaeiaiai iaeo?iiiiai ea?ioaaeo oa ?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoi ?ic?aooieo aieeao aeeooc?eii-oiia?eueithth/eo aeanoeainoae ii??ae ia iieace iaeo?ii-iaeo?iiiiai ea?ioaaeo. 6. Aia?oa ?ic?iaeai? oaoiieia?y oa iaoiaeeea i?iaaaeaiiy aaia-ea?ioaaeo a aaieia?/ieo ?ic??cao ?c oiieii?ioa?eiaith aoaeiaith. 7. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ioe?iee i?e?iaee ?aae?iaeoeaiino? a??nueeeo ii??ae, yea aeicaiey? aeae?eeoe ciie “iie?i?eoiaino?” a oiieii?ioa?eiaeo aaieia?/ieo ?ic??cao. Ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? ianooii? ?iaioe: 1. Aaeion I.O., A?eoeeoei A.E., Oaaei?eoei Ae.Ae. Iniaaiiinoe aaciiiniinoe iaiaaiiauo ii?iae Eaoiyineiai ianoi?iaeaeaiey // Iaooyiay e aaciaay i?iiuoeaiiinoue. — 1990. — ?4. — N. 8 — 9. 2. A?eoeeoei A.E., Oaaei?eoei Ae.Ae., Ieeei E.A. Eiiieaenia aea/aiiy aeoaieicaeyaath/eo eieaeoi??a ca c?aceaie ii??ae ianoaiaea?oieo ?ic??c?a // ?ica?aeea oa ?ic?iaea iaooiaeo ?iaeiaeu: Ca??iee Iaoeiaeo I?aoeue ?OAeOOIA — 1991. — ?28. — N. 9 — 11. 3. Oaaei?eoei Ae.Ae. Eiiieaenoaaiiy iaoiae?a aaio?ce/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue naa?aeeiaei i?e eiio?ie? ca ?ic?iaeith iaooiaaciaeo ?iaeiaeu ?c neeaaeiith aaieia?/iith aoaeiaith // Iaooiaa ? aaciaa i?iieneia?noue, 1996. — 10. – N. 5. 4. Oaaei?eoei Ae.Ae. I?e?iaea i?aeaeuaii? ?aae?iaeoeaiino? aaeueaaonueeeo a?aeeeaae?a aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu A?eue/a-Aieeoeueei? ciie Ia?aaeea?iaonueeiai i?iaeio // ?ica?aeea ? ?ic?iaea iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu: Ca??iee Iaoeiaeo I?aoeue ?OAeOOIA — ?aaii-O?aie?anuee. — 1994. — ?31. – N. 66 — 69. 5. Oaaei?eoei Ae.Ae. Aeei?enoaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aaia-niaeo?iiao??? aeey ioe?iee i?e?iaee ?aae?iaeoeaiino? // Iao?aaeeoe?ei? aia?ai?ano?ne oa aeieia?y Oe?a?ie: Ca??iee Iaoeiaeo I?aoeue ?OAeOOIA — E.: Iaione?eio. — 1996. – N. 87 — 88. 6. Oaaei?eoei Ae.Ae. ?acoeueoaoe canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeo ssI? i?e aea/aii? eieaeoi?nueeeo aeanoeainoae a??nueeeo ii??ae // ?ica?aeea ? ?ic?iaea iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu: Ca??iee Iaoeiaeo I?aoeue ?OAeOOIA — i.?aaii-O?aie?anuee. — 1996. — ?33. – N. 38 — 41. 7. Oaaei?eoei Ae.Ae. ?icae?eueia ni?iiiaei?noue aia?aoo?e ?aae?iaeoeaieo iaoiae?a i?e aeine?aeaeaii? naa?aeeiaei // ?ica?aeea ? ?ic?iaea iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu: Ca??iee Iaoeiaeo I?aoeue ?OAeOOIA — ?aaii-O?aie?anuee. — 1996. — ?33. – N. 42 — 49. 8. Oaaei?eoei Ae.Ae., Oaaei??a A.A. Aieea oaoi?/ieo oiia aei??thaaiiy ia iieace naa?aeeiaeiiiai niaeo?iiao?a // ?ica?aeea ? ?ic?iaea iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu: Ca??iee Iaoeiaeo I?aoeue ?OAeOOIA — ?aaii-O?aie?anuee. — 1996. — ?33. – N. 27 — 33. 9. Oaaei?eoei Ae.Ae., A?eion I.O., A?eaeiaae/ ?.A., Oaaei??a A.A. Oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? ? iaae?eiino? ioe?iee ii?enoino? iaooi-aaciiinieo ii??ae // ?ica?aeea ? ?ic?iaea iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu: Ca??iee Iaoeiaeo I?aoeue ?OAeOOIA — ?aaii-O?aie?anuee. — 1996. — ?33. – N. 34 — 38. 10. Oaaei?eoei Ae.Ae., Eeaeci? ?.E., Aeiaa?a A.?. Iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy ii?enoino? ii??ae-eieaeoi??a a na?iaonueeeo a?aeeeaaeao A?eue/a-Aieeoeueei? ciie Ia?aaeea?iaonueeiai i?iaeio // ?ica?aeea ? ?ic?iaea iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu: Ca??iee Iaoeiaeo I?aoeue ?OAeOOIA — ?aaii-O?aie?anuee. — 1994. — 31. – N. 41 – 45. 11. Oaaei?eoei Ae.Ae., Aeiaa?a A.?. Ia?niaeoeae aeei?enoaiiy aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu c iaiaaeaieie caianaie // Iao?aaeeoe?ei? aia?ai?ano?ne oa aeieia?y Oe?a?ie: Ca??iee Iaoeiaeo I?aoeue ?OAeOOIA — E.: Iaione?eio, 1996. – N. 84 – 85. 12. Oaaei?eoei Ae.Ae. Iaoiaeeea a?aooaaiiy aieeao naa?aeeiaeiieo oaeoi??a i?e ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a AIE. // ?ica?aeea ? ?ic?iaea iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu: Ca??iee Iaoeiaeo I?aoeue ?OAeOOIA — ?aaii-O?aie?anuee. — 1995. — 32. – N. 68 – 77. 13. Oaaei?eoei Ae.Ae. I?i iiaeeeaino? i?iaiicoaaiiy eieaeoi?nueeeo aeanoeainoae iaoiaeii ssIE // ?ica?aeea ? ?ic?iaea iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu: Ca??iee Iaoeiaeo I?aoeue ?OAeOOIA — ?aaii-O?aie?anuee. — 1995. — 32. – N. 78 – 82. 14. Oaaei?eoei Ae.Ae. Aieea iao?io?ce/ieo ia?aiao??a ii??ae neeaaeiiiiaoaeiaaieo aaieia?/ieo ?ic??c?a ia ?oi? yaea?ii-iaai?oi? aeanoeaino? // ?ica?aeea ? ?ic?iaea iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu: Ca??iee Iaoeiaeo I?aoeue ?OAeOOIA — ?aaii-O?aie?anuee. – 1998?. – 35. – N. 10 – 15. 15. Oaaei?eoei Ae.Ae. ?iciiae?e ?aae?iaeoeaieo ?cioii?a o?aio, oi??th ? eae?th a ii?iaeao i?ioeaiiaeo a?aeeeaae?a oa ?o aeeaae a caaaeueio ?aae?iaeoeai?noue // ?ica?aeea ? ?ic?iaea iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu: Ca??iee Iaoeiaeo I?aoeue ?OAeOOIA — ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1998?. – 35. – N. 124 – 126. 16. Oaaei?eoei Ae.Ae., A?eoeeoei A.E., Aa?aiei A.A. I?iaiice?iaaiea iaooaaaciiiniinoe aeoaieicaeaaathueo eieeaeoi?ia ii aeaiiui aaieiai-aaioece/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee neaaaeei // Iaooaia?aciaaiea ia aieueoeo aeoaeiao. — I., 1986. – N. 201 — 202. 17. Oaaei?eoei Ae.Ae., Aeiaa?a A.?. Iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioa ii?enoino? ca aeiiiiiaith aaaaoiciiaeiaiai iaeo?iiiiai ea?ioaaeo // Iaooiaa ? aaciaa i?iieneia?noue, 1999. — 2. – N. 38 – 40. 18. Oaaei?eoei Ae.Ae. Aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy yaea?ii-o?ce/ieo iaoiae?a ca caa??aaiiyi aaco ia Aa?aoinueeiio i?aecaiiiio noiaeu? // ?ica?aeea ? ?ic?iaea iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu: Ca??iee Iaoeiaeo I?aoeue ?OAeOOIA — ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1998?. – 35. – oii 5, N. 112 – 116. 19. Oaaei?eoei Ae.Ae. Iniaeeaino? aaieia?/ii? aoaeiae ?ic??co aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu A?eue/a-Aieeoeueei? ciie Ia?aaeea?iaonueeiai i?iaeio, ye ia?niaeoeaa iiooeo aia?aaoe/ieo aeaea?ae // Iao?aaeeoe?ei? aia?ai?ano?ne oa aeieia?y Oe?a?ie: Ca. iaoe. i?. — E.: Iaione?eio, 1996, N. 85 — 87. 20. *i?iue I.E., E?oineee E.C., Oaaei?eoei Ae.Ae. Yeni?an-iaoiae ii?aaeaeaiey ii?enoinoe eieeaeoi?ia ii aeaiiui AE e AE a I?aaeea?iaoneii i?iaeaa // Iaooaaaciaay aaieiaey e aaioeceea. — I., 1986. — ?12, N. 5-7. 21. I?eia I.I., *i?iue I.E., Eyoo I.A., Oaaei?eoei Ae.Ae. Onei?aiea iieneiauo ?ano?nia i?e?iaeiuo iieneiauo oaeaaiaei?iaeia Aeiai?iai-Aeiiaoeeie aiaaeeiu ioo?i eniieueciaaiey eioi?iaoeee ia AAIAe. Oace ?ani. i.-o. eiio. “I?iaeaiu onei?aiiiai auyaeaiey iiauo oeiia eiaooae e ?ano?nia iaooe e aaca a AeAeA”. i. *a?i?a?a. 1987. N. 22 – 24. 22. Oaaei?eoei Ae.Ae., A?eoeeoei A.E., Ieeei E.A. Eiiieaeniia eco/aiea aeoaieicaeaaathueo eieeaeoi?ia ia ia?acoeao ii?iae ianoaiaea?oiuo ?acia?ia // Oac. aeii. ia Anan. eiio. — I. — 1987. N. 176 – 177. 23. Oaaei?eoei Ae.Ae., A?eoeeoei A.?., Niieainueeee ?. Aea/aiiy neeaaeiiiiaoaeiaaieo eieaeoi??a iaoiaeii yaea?ii-iaai?oiiai ?aciiaino. ?OAeOOIA. Oace aeii. i.-o.e. i?io. aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo oi-oo. *anoeia I, ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1995, N. 91. 24. Oaaei?eoei Ae.Ae., A?eoeeoei A.?., Niieainueeee ?. Aeei?enoaiiy ?aae?iaeoeaieo oa yaea?ii-iaai?oieo iaoiae?a aeey e?oieia?/iiai ?ic/eaioaaiiy oiieii?ioa?eiaeo ?ic??c?a. ?OAeOOIA. Oace aeii. i.-o.e. i?io. aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo oi-oo. *anoeia I, ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1995, N. 92. 25. Oaaei?eoei Ae.Ae., Eeaeci? ?.E. Iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy ii?enoino? na?iaonueeeo a?aeeeaae?a A?eue/a-Aieeoeueei? ciie Ia?aaeea?iaonueeiai i?iaeio // Oace aeii. iaooi-aaciai? eiio. i?io. aeee. neeaaeo oi-oo iaooe ? aaco. — *ano.1. — ?aaii-O?aie?anuee. — 1994, N. 51. 26. Oaaei?eoei Ae.Ae. Oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy ii?enoino? eieaeoi??a ii aeaieo ?aae?iaeoeaieo iaoiae?a. ?OAeOOIA. Oace aeii. i.-i?. eiio. *anoeia II, ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1996, N. 111. 27. Oaaei?eoei Ae.Ae. Iniiai? aaio?ce/i? e?eoa??? aecia/aiiy a?aie/ieo cia/aiue eiao?oe??ioa ii?enoino? a neeaaeii-iiaoaeiaaieo eieaeoi?ao. ?OAeOOIA. Oace aeii. i.-i?. eiio. *anoeia II, ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1996, N. 115. 28. Oaaei?eoei Ae.Ae. Aea/aiiy oiieioa?oaaoeo ?ic??c?a i?ioeaio A?eue/a-Aieeoeueei? ciie Ia?aaeea?iaonueeiai i?iaeio iaoiaeaie AAeN. Oace aeii. ? iia?aeiieaiue i.-i?. eiio. i?enay/aii? 50-??//th COA?A. i.Euea?a. 20—21 o?aaiy 1998. N. 70 – 71. Oaaei?eoei Ae.Ae. Oai?aoeei-aenia?eiaioaeuei? iniiae iao?io?ce/ii? oa aaio?ce/ii? ae?aaiinoeee oiieii?ioa?eiaeo ii??ae-eieaeoi??a iaooe ? aaco (ia i?eeeaae? Ea?iaonueei? iaooiaaciiinii? i?ia?ioe??). Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a aaieia?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth: 04.0017 – Aaieia?y iaooe ? aaco; 04.00.22 – Aaio?ceea, Iaoe?iiaeueia aeaaeai?y iaoe Oe?a?ie, ?inoeooo aaieia?? ? aaio?i?? ai?th/eo eiiaeei. Caoeuathoueny ?acoeueoaoe iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue, o yeeo aena?oeai? iniiai? oai?aoe/i?, aenia?eiaioaeuei? ? i?aeoe/i? iieiaeaiiy ii ae??oaiith aaaeeeai? aeooaeueii? i?iaeaie – i?aeaeuaiiy aaieiai-aaio?ce/ii? ?ioi?iaoeaiino? ae?aaiinoeee ii??ae-eieaeoi??a a oiieii?ioa?eiaeo aaieia?/ieo ?ic??cao. C oe??th iaoith ?ic?iaeaii noaio eiiieaeniiai i?aeoiaeo aei aea/aiiy ii??ae-eieaeoi??a a oiieii?ioa?eiaeo ?ic??cao Ea?iaonueei? iaooiaaciiinii? i?ia?ioe??. Ia iniia? oai?aoeei-aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo aea/aiiy oaeiai oeio eieaeoi??a, ?ic?iaeaii aeie iaoiaeee ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aaieiai-aaio?ce/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue a naa?aeeiaeiao, noai?aii iao?io?ce/io iniiao aeey i?ae?aooieo caian?a aaco ia ?iaeiaeuao Ia?aaeea?iaooy. ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaeeee oa oaoiieia?? i?ieoee ai?iaaoe?th ia eiie?aoiiio iieueiaiio oa eaai?aoi?iiio iaoa??ae?. Eeth/aa? neiaa: iao?io?ce/i? ia?aiao?e, ii?eno?noue, aiaei-, iaooi-, aaciiane/aii?noue, aeeooc?y oaieiaeo iaeo?ii?a, ?ioaa?aeueia ?aae?iaeoeai?noue, ?aae?iaeoeai? ?cioiie, ?ioa?aaeueiee /an, eeaneo?eaoe?y. Fedoryshin D.D. Theoretical and experimental fundamentals of petrophysical and geophysical diagnostics of thin-layer rock-reservoirs of oil and gas (on the example of Carpatska oil and gas bearing province). Doctoral dissertation, speciality: 04.0017 - Geology of oil and gas; 04.00.22 - Geophysics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Institute of Geology and Geochemistry of combustible mineral resources. The results of scientific researches which cover basic theoretical, experimental and practical principles on solving an important and urgent problem – increase of geological and geophysical informative ability of rock reservoir diagnostics in thin-layer geological sections. With this aim, the scheme of complex approach to the studying of rock-reservoirs in thin-layer section of Carpatska oil and gas bearing province is developed, On the basis of theoretical and experimental data of studying such type of reservoirs there have been developed a block of techniques to interpret the results of geological and geophysical researches in bore holes. Petrophysical basis for gas reserves calculation in Precarpathia fields has been created. The developed techniques and technologies have been approbated on specific field and laboratory material. Key words: petrophysical parameters, porosity, water, oil, gas saturation, diffusion of thermal neutrons, integrated radioactivity, radioactive isotopes, interval time, classification. Oaaei?eoei Ae.Ae. Oai?aoeei-yenia?aiaioaeueiua iniiau iao?ioece/aneie e aaioece/aneie aeeaaiinoeee oiieineienouo ii?iae-eieeaeoi?ia iaooe e aaca (ia i?eia?a Ea?iaoneie iaooaiiniie i?iaeioeee). Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie aeieoi?a aaieiae/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe: 04.00.17 – Aaieiaey iaooe e aaca; 04.00.22 – Aaioeceea, Iaoeeiiaeueiay aeaaeaiey iaoe Oe?aeiu, Einoeooo aaieiaee e aaioeiee ai?th/eo eneiiaaiuo. Caueuathony ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee ii aaaeiie iao/ii-oaoie/aneie i?iaeaia – iiauoaiea eioi?iaoeaiinoe aaieiai-aaioece/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee ii?iae-eieeaeoi?ia a oiieineienouo ieioeaiiauo ioeiaeaieyo aaciauo ianoi?iaeaeaiee I?aaeea?iaouey. Neiaeiinoue auaeaeaiey ii?iae-eieeaeoi?ia a oiieineienouo n?aaeao, o?oaeiinoe ii?aaeaeaiey eo eieeaeoi?neeo naienoa e ia?aiao?ia, iaoneiaeaiu eae naiei no?iaieai ii?iaeu, oae e iaaunieie eioi?iaoeaiinoueth nouanoaothueo iaoiaeia aaioece/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee. Iaee/ea a ieia?aeiae/aneii ninoaaa ii?iae-eieeaeoi?ia aeoeani?iuo ieia?aeia, a oaeaea ieia?aeia iaoneaaeeaathueo eo yeaeo?iiioth i?iaiaeiinoue nouanoaaiii nieaeaao aiciiaeiinoe yeaeo?e/aneeo iaoiaeia, cao?oaeiyao eioa?i?aoaoeeth ?aaeeiaeoeaiuo iaoiaeia. Iaiauaiea e aiaeec ?acoeueoaoia eaai?aoi?iuo e neaaaeeiiuo enneaaeiaaiee iicaieeee auyaeoue iniaaiiinoe no?iaiey ii?iae-eieeaeoi?ia, onoaiiaeoue iao?ioece/aneea nayce ieia?aeiae/aneiai ninoaaa ii?iaeu n eo aieinoii-oeeueo?aoeeiiiie oa?aeoa?enoeeie. ?acee/ea ii?iae ieioeaia ii no?oeoo?a ii?iaiai i?inoi?a, ?aciia niioiioaiea ia?ae/iuo e aoi?e/iuo ieia?aeia, iaoneaaeeaaao iaiaeiicia/iinoue aaioece/aneie oa?aeoa?enoeee. ?ac?aaioaiiay ia iniiaa yenia?eiaioaeueiuo aeaiiuo eeanneoeeaoeey ieioeaiiauo ioeiaeaiee iicaieyao iaeiicia/ii eaeaioeoeoee?iaaoue ii?iaeu a oiieineienoii aaieiae/aneii ?ac?aca ii aaioece/aneei oa?aeoa?enoeeai. Auyaeaiu aaioece/aneea e?eoa?ee auaeaeaiey ioaeaeueiuo eeoieiae/aneeo ?aciinoae, iicaieeee ?ac?aaioaoue iaoiaeeeo ioeaiee eiyooeoeeaioa aaciianuuaiiinoe a oiieineienoie n?aaea ii eiiieaeno oece/aneeo ia?aiao?ia, n o/?oii aeoaeiu caeaaaiey ieanoa. N oeaeueth iienea ianoiiaoiaeaeaiey a?aieoeu ieanoia, ioeaiee eo aieinoiie oa?aeoa?enoeee oai?aoe/anee iainiiaaiu e i?aeoe/anee ?aaeeciaaiu niiniau e aeai?eoiu, eioi?ua iniiaaiu ia aeaiiuo iiiaiciiaeiaiai iaeo?iiiiai ea?ioaaea, a oaeaea eioi?iaoeee aaiia-iaoiaea. Ai?iaaoeey a i?ioeanna eco/aiey ii?iae caeaaathueo a oiieineienouo n?aaeao yaea?ii-iaaieoiuo iaoiaeia iicaieeea ?ac?aaioaoue ?yae iaoiaeee ii ii?aaeaeaieth eo aieinoiuo e oeeueo?aoeeiiiuo ia?aiao?ia. Iaiauaiea ?acoeueoaoia aaieiai-aaioece/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee ieioeaiiauo ioeiaeaiee Ea?iaoneie iaooaaaciiiniie i?iaeioeee ?aaeeciaaiu a iiaie noaia eco/aiey e ?acaaaeee ianoi?iaeaeaiee aaca a Aeeue/a-Aieeoeeie ciia.

Похожие записи