I?I?NOA?NOAI INA?OE OE?A?IE

IAOe?IIAEUeIA A??IE*A AEAAeAI?ss OE?A?IE

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

Aeania Na?a?e Oaaei?iae/

OAeE 622.267.023.67:624.138.4

OAI?AOE*I? OA I?EEEAAeI? INIIAE

NO?OIEIIIAI CAE??IEAIIss NEAAEEO AeENIA?NIEO II??Ae

I?E AAAeAII? A??IE*EO ?IA?O

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.15.09 — ”Iaoai?ea a?oio?a ? a??nueeeo ii??ae”

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Aei?i?iiao?ianuee

1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? i?aecaiii? ?ic?iaee ?iaeiaeu o
Iaoe?iiaeuei?e a??ie/?e aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio:

Eao?aao Aea?aeaaii? i?ai?? Oe?a?ie,
Aiiaea?aiei

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, i?i?aeoi?
Aieiaeeie?

Iaoe?iiaeueii? a??ie/i? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie
?ee?/

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

Eao?aao Aea?aeaaii? i?ai?? Oe?a?ie,
Ci??i

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, caa?aeoaa/
Aiae??e

a?aeae?eo oi?aae?iiy aeeiai?/ieie i?iyaaie
Ieeeoiae/

a??nueeiai oeneo ?inoeoooo aaioaoi?/ii?

iaoai?ee IAI Oe?a?ie

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,
EeoaeinUeeee

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aoae?aieoeoaa oaoo
Aa???

? i?aecaiieo nii?oae Aeiiaanueeiai
A?eai?iae/

a??ie/i-iaoaeo?a?eiiai ?inoeoooo

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee

ni?a?ia?oiee, i?ioani? eaoaae?e iniia
Oaiiaae

? ooiaeaiaio?a I?eaei?i?ianueei? aea?aeaaii?
Aieiaeeie?

aeaaeai?? aoae?aieoeoaa e a?o?oaeoo?e
A?eai?iae/

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — E?eai??cueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 20 ” o?aaiy 1999 ?. i 14-e aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 08.080.04 ii caoenoo
aeena?oaoe?e i?e Iaoe?iiaeuei?e a??ie/?e aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ( 320027,
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, i?.Ea?ea Ia?ena, 19, o. 47-24-11 ).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueii?
a??ie/i? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie( 320027, Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, i?. Ea?ea Ia?ena,
19).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 19 ea?oiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

aeieo. oaoi. iaoe
A.I. ?i?iei

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie A oiiaao ?ioaineaiiai ?icaeoeo iaaa-iie?n?a, ui
ia?aoai?ththoueny ia aeieia?/ii iaaacia/i? ciie, aaaeeeaa ?ieue o
??oaii? caaaeueii? i?iaeaie inai?iiy i?aecaiiiai i?inoi?o aaeeeeo i?no
Oe?a?ie a?aeaiaeeoueny niaoe?aeueiei niiniaai cae??ieaiiy neaaeeo
aeenia?n-ieo ii??ae. Aeaia i?iaeaia aeooaeueia aeey oaeeo i?no, ye Ee?a,
Oa?e?a, Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, Iaeana, Aeiiaoeuee, Euea?a, E?eaee ??a,
Caii??aeaey oa ?i.

Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui aaeee? i?noa Oe?a?ie ?icoaoiaai? ia oa?eoi??yo, ye?
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny neeaaeieie a?ae?iaaieia?/ieie oiiaaie ? ?aeue?oii.
I?eaeecii 70% ?c ieo iiaoaeiaai? ia inaaeiaeo eaniaeo ii?iaeao, ??aaiue
a?oioiaeo aiae a yeeo ui??/ii i?aeaeuo?oueny a na?aaeiueiio ia 1 i, ui,
o naith /a?ao, ?ioaineo?eo? cnoai? ? nooic?ei? i?ioeane.

Iaaiaeiai? aeenia?ni? ii?iaee i?ae ae??th ??cieo /eiiee?a, oaeeo ye
oene, iayai?noue aeeienoi? o?aeoe?? oa ?i., iaaoaathoue ieeaoiieo
aeanoeainoae ? aeiaaathoue niaoe?aeueieo niinia?a i?iaaaeaiiy a??ie/eo
ae?iaie; ciaioothoue no?ee?noue ? aeeeeeathoue aeaoi?iaoe?th i?aecaiieo
nii?oae, cia/ii cieaeothoue oaiie aoae?aieoeoaa, a /anii coieiythoue
ae?iaieoeoai ?ia?o aiane?aeie i?i?ea?a ii??ae o ae?iaeaiee i?ino??. Oae,
ui??/ii o?eueee i?e aoae?aieoeoa? Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai iao?iiie?oaio
a?aeaoaathoueny i?i?eae ii??ae o ae?iaee i?e ?oi?e i?ioiaeoe? ia’?iii
aei 2500 i3, ui ciaioo? oaeaee?noue i?iaaaeaiiy ooiae?a aei 1,5 oen. i
ca ??e ? ca?eueoo? aeo?aoe ia ?oith e?ea?aeaoe?th, ye? neeaaeathoue
iiiaae 1200000 a?i. ca ??e. Aiaeia?/ia ea?oeia niinoa??aa?oueny a oiae?
nii?oaeaeaiiy Ee?anueeiai ? Oa?e?anueeiai iao?iiie?oai?a. O oe?eiio a
Oe?a?i? ??cieie niiniaaie cae??ieth?oueny aei 10 oen. i3 ii??ae ca ??e.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ? aeaieo i?aeoeee ca inoaii? aeaaaeoeyoue
?ie?a aeicaieythoue c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaee a?eueo
aoaeoea-ieo, oaoiieia?/ieo ? oi?aa?naeueieo cania?a cae??ieaiiy, ui
caaacia/othoue iaiao?aeio aaciaeo aaaeaiiy a??ie/eo ?ia?o o aeenia?nieo
inaaei/ieo ii?i-aeao. Oey i?iaeaia iiaea aooe aoaeoeaii ae??oaia ca
aeiiiiiaith no?oiei-ii? oaoiieia?? cae??ieaiiy aeenia?nieo ii??ae.
Iaeiae ea?iaaia ci?ia aean-oeainoae oeeo ii??ae i?e ae??oaii? ??cieo
a??ie/ioaoi?/ieo caaaeaiue iaiiae-eeaa aac iaoeiaeo ciaiue i?i i?ioean
i?iieeaiiy aenieiiai??iiai no?oiaiy a aeenia?ni? ii?iaee ? i?i
o?ceei-o?i?/io i?e?iaeo i?oeiino? cae??ieaieo ii??ae. O ca’yceo c oeei o
aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? noi?ioeueiaaia aeooaeueia iaoeiai-i?eeeaaeia
i?iaeaia inai?iiy i?aecaiiiai i?inoi?o aaeeeeo i?no Oe?a?ie o neeaaeieo
a?ae?iaaieia?/ieo oiiaao ia iniia? ea?iaaii? ci?ie aeanoeainoae
aeenia?nieo ii??ae ca aeiiiiiaith no?oieiii? oaoiieia?? ?o cae??ieaiiy.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?acoeueoaoe yeeo iiaeai? a aeena?oaoe??, aeeiiai? a
?aieao i??i?eoaoiiai iai?yieo ?icaeoeo iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie ? 4
“Aeieia?/-ii /enoa aia?aaoeea ? ?ano?nicaa??aath/a oaoiieia?y”,
a?aeiia?aeii aei ieaio iaeaaaeeea?oeo aea?aeathaeaeaoieo ?ia?o
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie ? i?ia?aie ? 20 «?ic?iaeoe ? ai?iaaaeeoe
?ano?nicaa??aath/? oa aeiiii?/ii /eno? oaoiieia?? aeaeiaooeo e ia?a?iaee
aoa?eey», a oaeiae eii?aeeiaoe?eiiai ieaio ? 39 I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie ca
ooiaeaiaioaeueieie iai?yieaie «A??ie/? iaoee» o 1992 -1998 ??. (oaie
AI-71, AI-186, AI-239).

Iaoa ?iaioe — oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy, ?ic?iaea ? i?aeoe/ia
canoinoaaiiy cania?a ? niinia?a no?oieiiiai cae??ieaiiy aeenia?nieo
ii??ae c aeei?enoaiiyi i?ioeano, yeee iieno?oueny iniiaieie caeiiaie
iaoai?ee nooe?eueiiai na?aaeiaeua a ?aieao oai??? oo?aoeaioieo
no?oiai?a, ui caaacia/othoue i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aaaeaiiy a??ie/eo
?ia?o.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy cacia/aii? oe?e? a aeena?oaoe?? noaaeyoueny ?
ae??oothoueny oae? caaaeaiiy:

1. ?ic?iaeoe oai??th ? iaoiaee ?ic?aooieo aeeaeie i?iieeaiiy
ae-nieiiai??iiai no?oiaiy a neaaeo aeenia?nio ii?iaeo c o?aooaaiiyi
aonoioe cae??ieyth/eo ?ic/ei?a, a oaeiae u?eueiino? e oaea?ii? a’yceino?
ii?iaee, ui ia?iaey?oueny.

2. Aeyaeoe caeiiii??iino? aieeao o?ce/ieo (aonoioe cae??ieyth/iai
?ic/eio e u?eueiino? ? oaea?ii? a’yceino? ia?iaethaaii? aeenia?nii?
ii?iaee) ? oaoiieia?/ieo (ae?aiao? niiea, /an ae?? no?oiaiy, aeo?aoe
cae??ieyth/iai ?ic/eio, oaeaee?noue i?aeiyooy e iaa?oaiiy ?iai/iai
?ino?oiaioa) ia?a-iao??a ia i?ioean i?iieeaiiy aenieiiai??ieo no?oiai?a
cae??ieyth/eo ?ic/ei?a o aeenia?ni? ii?iaee ? ia oe?e iniia? ?ic?iaeoe
eeaneo?eaoe?th oeeo ii??ae.

3. Onoaiiaeoe caeiiii??iino? ci?ie aeeaeie i?iieeaiiy no?oiaiy caeaaeii
a?ae oeneo ? aeo?aoe cae??ieyth/iai ?ic/eio, oaeaeeino? iaa?oaiiy e
i?aeiyooy iii?oi?o; ?ic?iaeoe i?ia?aio aecia/aiiy oaoiieia?/ieo
ia?a-iao??a no?oieiiiai cae??ieaiiy ii??ae.

4. Aecia/eoe ?aoe?iiaeuei? ?aoeaioo?e cae??ieyth/eo ?ic/ei?a, ui
caaacia/othoue iaiao?aei? oaoiieia?/i? ia?aiao?e no?oieiiiai cae??ieaiiy
ca’ycieo ? iaca’ycieo aeenia?nieo ii??ae.

5. ?ic?iaeoe niiniae no?oieiiiai cae??ieaiiy aeenia?nieo ii??ae, ui
caaacia/othoue iiaio a?ae?i?cieyoe?th i?aecaiieo ia’?eo?a.

6. ?ic?iaeoe aenia?eiaioaeueio onoaiiaeo aeey no?oieiiiai ca-e??ieaiiy
aeenia?nieo ii??ae, ui aeicaiey? ae??ooaaoe ??ci? a??ie/ioao-i?/i?
caaaeaiiy a?ae?i?cieyoe?? i?aecaiieo ia’?eo?a c iiaa?oi?.

7. Noai?eoe ? ai?iaaaeeoe oaoiieia?? nii?oaeaeaiiy i?aecaiieo ia’?eo?a
?c aeei?enoaiiyi no?oieiiiai cae??ieaiiy neaaeeo aeenia?nieo ii??ae, ui
caaacia/othoue iaiai?ioi? ci?ie aeanoeainoae inoaii?o.

Iniiaia ?aeay ?iaioe iieyaa? a ?oeioaaii? aenieiiai??ieie no?oiaiyie
neaaeeo aeenia?nieo ii??ae ?c ianooiiei oi?ioaaiiyi iiai? no?oeoo?e ca
o/anoth iaoa??aeo no?oiaiy, ui caaacia/o? i?aeaeuaio i?oei?noue ii??ae.

Iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy ? ?acoeueoaoe, ui caoeuathoueny, ?oiy iiaecia

Iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyony ia caoeno:

1. Oaea?ia a’yce?noue aeenia?nieo ii??ae ?c ca?eueoaiiyi aieiaino? a?ae
nooiai noaio (W=0%) aei iiaiiai aiaeiiane/aiiy (W=25%) o ca’ycieo ii??ae
ciaioo?oueny ca a?ia?aie?/iei caeiiii c 400 aei 350 Aeae/i2; o
iaca’ycieo — ca?eueoo?oueny ca e?i?eiei caeiiii c 400 aei 460 Aeae/i2.
Oea aeicaiey? aeae?aoe iioeiaeuei? ia?aiao?e cae??ieaiiy, aeoiaey/e ?c
iaeiiai c aieiaieo iieaciee?a — nooiaiy aieiaino? ii?iaee.

2. Aeeaeia i?iieeaiiy aenieiiai??iiai no?oiaiy cae??ieyth/iai ?ic/eio a
neaaeo aeenia?nio ii?iaeo c? ca?eueoaiiyi oaea?ii? a’yceino? ii?iaee ?
ooieoe?? oo?aoeaioiino? no?oiaiy ciaioo?oueny a a?ia?aie?/i?e
caeaaeiino?. O naith /a?ao, ooieoe?y oo?aoeaioiino? no?oiaiy ca’ycaia
ia?a-aie?/iith caeaaei?noth ?c ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi aonoioe no?oiai?a
cae??ieyth/iai ?ic/eio ? u?eueiino? ii?iaee. Oea iieiaeaiiy eyaei a
iniiao eeaneo?eaoe?? aeenia?nieo ii??ae caeaaeii a?ae aeeaeie i?iieeaiiy
a ieo aenieiiai??ieo no?oiai?a, ui aeicaiey? aeeoa?aioe?eiaaii
i?aeoiaeeoe aei cae??ieaiiy ??cieo ii??ae.

Iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe:

1. Noai?aia oai??y ?ic?aooieo ?iai/eo ia?aiao??a no?oieiii? oaoii-eia??
cae??ieaiiy neaaeeo aeenia?nieo ii??ae aeoiaey/e ?c ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
aonoioe cae??ieyth/iai ?ic/eio e u?eueiino? ia?iaethaaii? ii?iaee,
oaea?ii? a’yceino? oe??? ii?iaee, oaeaeeino? i?aeiyooy e iaa?oaiiy
?iai/iai ?ino?o-iaioa, aeo?a/aiiy ? oeneo cae??ieyth/iai ?ic/eio,
aaiiao?e/ii? oi?ie niiea, ui oi?io? no?oi?iue. Aeanoeaino? ii?iaee, ui
cae??ieth?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith no?oieiii? oaoiieia??, ye? ?ai?oa
?icaeyaeaeeny a ?aieao oai??? aeeiai?ee a?oio?a, oia?oa aoee iienai? ca
aeiiiiiaith oai??? oo?aoeaioieo no?oiai?a. Oea aeicaieeei i?e
aecia/aii? aeeaeie i?iieeaiiy no?oiai?a o ii?iaeo a?aooaaoe oo?aoeaioiee
oa?aeoa? ?? iioe?aiiy e onoaiiaeoe caeaaei?noue ci?ie oaeaeeino?
no?oiaiy ocaeiaae in? eiai iioe?aiiy.

2. Onoaiiaeai? a?aie/i? oiiae i?iieeaiiy aenieiiai??iiai no?o-iaiy
cae??ieyth/iai ?ic/eio a neaaeo aeenia?nio ii?iaeo (i?i?iaeuei? aia?-a?y
? e?euee?noue ?ooo aeey c?oeioaaiiy aeenia?nii? ii?iaee), ui aeicaiey?
aec-ia/aoe e?ioeaao aeeaeio iioe?aiiy no?oiaiy ?ic/eio a oe?e ii?iae?.

3. Oia?oa aaaaeaia iiiyooy «oaea?ia a’yce?noue» aeey oa?aeoa?enoeee
neaaeeo aeenia?nieo ii??ae. Aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue ii
aecia/aiith oaea?ii? a’yceino? oeeo ii??ae aoea ?ic?iaeaia niaoe?aeueia
iaoiaeeea ? noai-?aia eaai?aoi?ia onoaiiaea, ui aeicaieeei iaea?aeaoe
caeaaeiino? cia/aiue oaea?ii? a’yceino? a?ae nooiaiy aieiaino? aeey
ca’ycieo ? iaca’ycieo aeen-ia?nieo ii??ae. Onoaiiaeaii, ui oaea?ia
a’yce?noue o ca’ycieo ii??ae i?e ca?eueoaii? aieiaino? aei 25%
ciaioo?oueny ia 50-80 Aeae/i2 ca ?aooiie ineaaeaiiy iiaa?oiaaeo
ca’yce?a i?ae /anoeaie ii?iaee, a a iaca’ycieo — c?inoa? ia 40-60
Aeae/i2 ca ?aooiie ca?eueoaiiy iiaa?oiaaeo nee o i?aeii?i-aiio i?inoi??
aeenia?nii? ii?iaee.

4. ?ic?iaeaia eeaneo?eaoe?y neaaeeo aeenia?nieo ii??ae caeaaeii a?ae
aeeaeie i?iieeaiiy a ieo aenieiiai??iiai no?oiaiy cae??ieyth/iai
?ic-/eio, ui a?aoiao? oaea?io a’yce?noue oeeo ii??ae ? aeicaiey? ?iaeoe
iiia?aaei?e aea?? niinia?a ? oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a no?oieiiiai
cae??ieaiiy.

5. Io?eiaia caeaaei?noue aenia?eiaioaeueii? ooieoe?? — neeaaeiai? oai???
oo?aoeaioieo no?oiai?a — a?ae ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aonoioe aeaio na?aaeiaeu,
ye? ia?ai?oothoueny, ui aeicaieeei a?aooaaoe a oai?aoe/ieo ?ic?aooieao
??c-ieoeth i?ae aonoioith no?oiaiy cae??ieyth/iai ?ic/eio ?
u?euei?noueth cae??i-ethaaii? ii?iaee.

6. Ia i?aenoaa? oai?aoe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ??cieo
oi?i ? aaiiao?e/ieo ?ici???a ianaaeie, ye? iiaeia canoiniaoaaoe i?e
no?oieii?e oaoiieia?? cae??ieaiiy aeenia?nieo ii??ae, aoee iaa?oioiaai?
? aecia/ai? ?aoe?iiaeuei? aaiiao?e/i? ?ici??e ? oi?ie ianaaeie, ui caii-
a?aathoue aeieeiaiith yaeua eaa?oaoe?? i?e aenieeo oeneao ?
caaacia/othoue iioeiaeueio ye?noue no?oiaiy.

7. Noi?ioeueiaaia iiaa e?eoa??aeueia caeaaei?noue, ui i?noeoue
aeaei-ci?iaiee e?eoa??e ?aeiieueaena, e?eoa??e Oo?’? ? e?eoa??e, yeee
iieno? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aonoeie cae??ieyth/iai ?ic/eio e ia?iaethaaii?
ii?iaee, ui aeicaiey? ?ic?aoiaoaaoe oene iaai?oaiiy ? aeo?aoe
cae??ieyth/iai ?ic/eio, /an ae?? ? aeeaeio i?iieeaiiy no?oiaiy aeey
iaoo?ieo oiia, aeoi-aey/e ?c aeaieo, io?eiaieo o i?ioean? iiaeaethaaiiy.

8. Ia i?aenoaa? eaai?aoi?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aecia/aia iioeiaeueia
aiaei-oeaiaioia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy noniaic?e ia oeaiaioiiio aacen?,
canoiniaoaaieo aeey no?oieiii? oaoiieia?? cae??ieaiiy aeenia?nieo
ii??ae. Io?eiaia ni?a-a?aeiioaiiy caaacia/o? iaiao?aeio i?oei?noue
cae??ieaii? ii?iaee.

9. Onoaiiaeai? caeiiii??iino? aieeao yeino? ? e?eueeino? cae??i-eyth/eo
?ic/ei?a ia i?oei?noue ii?iaeioeaiaioieo aeaiaio?a, ui aeicaieythoue
aecia/aoe ?aoe?iiaeuei? ia?aiao?e (oaeaee?noue iaa?oaiiy ? i?aeiyooy
?iai/iai ?ino?oiaioa, oene ? aeo?aoo cae??ieyth/iai ?ic/eio) i?ioeano
cae??ieaiiy i?ae /an ?ica’ycoaaiiy ??cieo a??ie/ioaoi?/ieo caaea/.

10. Io?eiai? iia? caeiiii??iino? aeeaeie i?iieeaiiy aenieiiai??-iiai
no?oiaiy o neaae? aeenia?ni? ii?iaee caeaaeii a?ae ni?aa?aeiioaiue
aonoe-ie cae??ieyth/iai ?ic/eio e ia?iaethaaii? ii?iaee, oaea?ii?
a’yceino? oe??? ii?iaee, oaeaeeinoae i?aeiyooy oa iaa?oaiiy ?iai/iai
?ino?oiaioa, aeo?aoe ? oeneo no?oiaiy cae??ieyth/iai ?ic/eio,
aaiiao?e/ii? oi?ie niiea, ui oi?io? no?oi?iue, ye? aeicaieeee ?ic?iaeoe
niiniae no?oieiiiai cae??i-eaiiy ii??ae, i?aeoaa?aeaeai? iaoaioaie
Oe?a?ie.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. O ?iaio? cae?eniaiee eiiieaen oai?aoe/ieo ?
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ia iniia? ocaaaeueiaiiy a?aeiieo
no/anieo aeinyaiaiue iaoee ? oaoi?ee ?c iacaaii? i?iaeaie. O aaeoc?
oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoiaoaaeeny oai???: oo?aoeaioieo
no?oiai?a, i?eei?aei-iiiai oa?o, aeeiai?ee a?oio?a, ?ici??iinoae ?
iiae?aiino?; iaoiaee iaoa-iaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy, aeeoa?aioe?aeuei?
iaoiaee ??oaiiy ??aiyiue a?ae?i-iaoai?ee. O aaeoc? aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue canoiniaoaaeeny: eaai-?aoi?ia iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioean?a
i?iieeaiiy aenieiiai??iiai no?oiaiy a neaae? a??nuee? aeenia?ni?
ii?iaee, eaai?aoi?i? iaoiaee aecia/aiiy eiao?-oe??ioa oaea?ii? a’yceino?
aeey neaaeeo aeenia?nieo ii??ae. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? ia?iaeyeeny ia
IAII iaoiaeaie iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee ?c aeei-?enoaiiyi ??cieo
?aa?an?eieo iiaeaeae.

Iaa?oioiaai?noue ? a??ia?aei?noue iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue, aeniiae?a oa
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e i?aeoaa?aeaeothoueny canoinoaaiiyi iniia oai??? ?
i?aeoeee a??ie/eo ?ia?o ? aeei?enoaiiyi iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae, ui
aacothoueny ia ooiaeaiaioaeueieo iieiaeaiiyo oai??? i?eei?aeiiiiai oa?o,
oai??? aeeiai?ee a?oio?a, oai??? ?ici??iinoae ? iiae?aiino?;
ocaiaeaeai?noth ?ic?iaeaii? oai??? ?ic?aooieo oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a
no?oieiiiai cae??ieaiiy neaaeeo aeenia?nieo ii??ae ?c o?ce/ieie
oyaeaiiyie i?i ia?aa?a i?ioean?a c?oe-ioaaiiy e ia?ai?ooaaiiy ii?iaee
no?oiaiyie cae??ieyth/iai ?ic/eio; caaeia?eueiith ca?aei?noth
?acoeueoao?a oai?aoe/ieo, iaoo?ieo ? aenia?eiai-oaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue
(?ica?aei?noue ia ia?aaeuo? 12% ); aeinoaoiueith ai?iaa-oe??th iaoeiaeo
iieiaeaiue ? aeniiae?a ?iaioe, oni?oiei oi?iaaaeaeaiiyi ?acoeueoao?a o
i?aeoeeo.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa? a ocaaaeueiaii? ??cieo oai??e
oo?-aoeaioieo no?oiai?a, ui aeicaieeei canoinoaaoe eiinoaioo
oo?aoeaioiino? no?oiaiy ? cia/aiiy oiaueie ciie ci?oaiiy no?oiai?a aeey
?ic?iaee oai??? i?iieeaiiy no?oiaiy; o aeei?enoaii? ?aieia?/ieo iiaeaeae
aeenia?nieo ii??ae aeey noai?aiiy eiiieaenii? iiaeae?, ui iieno?
iiaaae?ieo neaaei? aeenia?nii? ii?iaee i?e i?iieeaii? a ia?
aenieiiai??iiai no?oiaiy; o ?ic?iaoe? oai??? i?iieeaiiy aenieiiai??iiai
no?oiaiy a aeenia?ni? ii?iaee; o ?icaeoeo iaoiae?a aecia/aiiy oaea?ii?
a’yceino? iaca’ycieo ii??ae; o ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeeee iiaeaethaaiiy
i?ioean?a i?iieeaiiy aenieiiai??iiai no?oiaiy a aeenia?ni? ii?iaee; o
anoaiiaeaii? caeiiii??iinoae ci?ie i?oe-iino? cae??ieaiiai aeaiaioa
caeaaeii a?ae a?aenioeiaiai ai?noo a iueiio cae??ieyth/iai ?ic/eio aeey
ca’ycieo ? iaca’ycieo ii??ae, ui, o naith /a?ao, aeicaieeei iaa?oiooaaoe
aea?? ?aoe?iiaeueieo oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a no?oieiii? oaoiieia??
cae??ieaiiy aeenia?nieo ii??ae, ye? caaacia/othoue i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? aaaeaiiy a??ie/eo ?ia?o.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? a oaeiio:

— ?ic?iaeai? iniiae ea?oaaiiy aeanoeainoyie ? noaiii neaaeeo aeenia?nieo
ii??ae aenieiiai??ieie no?oiaiyie cae??ieyth/eo ?ic/ei?a, ui aeicaieeei
noai?eoe aoaeoeai? niiniae (iaoaioe ? 1ICCC A; 10392 A; 15071 A;20380
A), oaoiieia?th oa caniae no?oieiiiai cae??ieaiiy, ye? ca-aacia/othoue
iaiao?aeio aaciaeo i?e ae??oaii? ??cieo a??ie/ioaoi?/ieo caa-aeaiue o
i?ioean? inai?iiy i?aecaiiiai i?inoi?o i?no Oe?a?ie;

— noai?ai? eiii’thoa?i? i?ia?aie ii aecia/aiith oaoiieia?/ieo
ia?a-iao??a ? ?aoe?iiaeuei? noaie no?oieiiiai cae??ieaiiy ii??ae aeey
i?iaaaeaiiy aa?oeeaeueieo noaie?a ? ai?eciioaeueieo ae?iaie iaaeeaieiai
caeeaaeaiiy, nii?oaeaeaiiy a?ae?i?cieyoe?eii? caa?ne iaaeiei i?aecaiieo
eaia?, cae??ieaiiy iniia i?ae aoae?aeyie e nii?oaeaie. Oaoiieia?/i?
noaie iiaiaeaeai? ?inoe-oooii Aei?i?iae?i?ioaoo ? caoaa?aeaeai? AeiiAoA?
(1997 ?.);

— ?ic?iaeaiee, ciiioiaaiee ? aei?iaoaaiee o iie?aiiieo oiiaao
aeine?aeiee c?acie onoaiiaee ii no?oieiiiio cae??ieaiith aeenia?nieo
ii-??ae ia aac? ao?iai? O?A-2A-2 ? oan? CEE-131, ui aeicaiey? aeeiioaaoe
?i-aioe ii cae??ieaiith c iiaa?oi? ia aeeaeio aei 30 i;

— ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue o aeaeyae? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ai?iaaaeaeai? a
i?i-aeoe Aei?i?iae?i?ioaoo, Aei?i?iiao?ii?iaeo ? Iao?iooiaeueaoaeaei.
?acoeue-oaoe aeine?aeaeaiue i?ieoee oaoiieia?/io ai?iaaoe?th o o??i?
«Aaoa?» (I?ia/-/eia) i?e aoae?aieoeoa? Aa?e?inueeiai iao?iiie?oaio (1996
?.);

— i?iaaaeai? aei?iaoaaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueii? onoaiiaee i?e cae??i-eaii?
i?ne?a ia o?an? noaioe?? a?aee?eoiai caeeaaeaiiy “Iaaa?aaeia ?i. Eai?ia”
Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai iao?iiie?oaio, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue
iaa?oioiaai?noue ? a??ia?aei?noue iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a, aeniiae?a ?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e.

?aae?caoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ?iaioe

?acoeueoaoe aeeiiaieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?aae?ciaai? a ?yae? i?iaeoieo
?in-oeooo?a Oe?a?ie.

Eiii’thoa?i? i?ia?aie aecia/aiiy aeeaeie i?iieeiaiiy cae??ieyth-/eo
?ic/ei?a o aeenia?ni? ii?iaee c ??cieie i?oei?nieie aeanoeainoyie
(oaea?ia a’yce?noue) caeaaeii a?ae oeneo iaai?oaiiy oeeo ?ic/ei?a,
oaeaeeinoae iaa?oaiiy ? i?aeiyooy iii?oi?a aeei?enoai? i?ae /an ?ic?iaee
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e aeey neeaaeaiiy i?iaeoo a?ae?i?cieyoe?eieo caa?n a
iaaiaeiaieo eanao ?c ae-ei?enoaiiyi no?oieiii? oaoiieia?? cae??ieaiiy
i?e nii?oaeaeaii? i?oio?ae-iiai ia?aoiaeo ia ae/i “Oiiiey” a
Aei?i?iiao?ianueeo (Aei?i?iiaoi?iaeo, aeia?aeea i?i ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a?ae
05.12.98). Ni?eueii ?c Aei?i?iiaoi?iaeoii ao-ee aeeiiai? i?iieneia?
aei?iaoaaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueiiai c?acea onoaiia-ee no?oieiiiai
cae??ieaiiy ii??ae ia iaeaeai/eeia? iaeaooiuei? noaioe?? a?aee?eoiai
caeeaaeaiiy iao?i “Iaaa?aaeia ?i. Eai?ia” a i. Aei?i?i-iao?ianueeo (aeo
aei?iaoaaiue a?ae 05.12.98). ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ae-ei?enoai? i?e
?ic?iaoe? i?iaeoieo i?iiiceoe?e uiaei nii?oaeaeaiiy caoenii? iaieiiee
iaaeiei noaiea ? 29 Oa?e?anueeiai iao?i ca aeiiiiiaith no?oie-iiiai
cae??ieaiiy ii??ae, ui ia?aaeai? Iao?iooiaeueaoaeaei aeey aeeiiaiiy
i?iaeoieo ?ia?o (aeia?aeea i?i aeei?enoaiiy iaoa??ae?a aeieoi?nueei?
aeena?-oaoe?? oa i?iaeoi? i?iiiceoe?? a?ae 10.11.98 ), i?iaeoi?
i?iiiceoe?? uiaei nii?oaeaeaiiy caoenii? iaieiiee iaaeiei noaiea
oeiiaiai ia?a??co ca aeiii-iiaith no?oieiiiai cae??ieaiiy aeenia?nieo
ii??ae aeei?enoiaothoueny ?inoeoooii Aei?i?iae?i?ioaoo o i?iaeoao, ui
?ic?iaeythoueny (aeia?aeea i?i aeei?enoaiiy i?iaeoieo i?iiiceoe?e a?ae
21.11.98).

Aeaeea?aoe?y eiie?aoiiai iniaenoiai aianeo caeiaoaa/a a ?ic?iaeo
iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a, aeianaieo ia caoeno, iieyaa? o oi?ioethaaii?
iao-eiai? i?iaeaie, iaoe, iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue ? caaaeaiue
aeine?aeaeaiue; ?ic?iaoe? oai?aoe/ieo iniia no?oieiiiai cae??ieaiiy
aeenia?nieo ii??ae; ?ic?iaoe? eeaneo?eaoe?? aeenia?nieo ii??ae;
aecia/aii? ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aiaeioeaiaioiiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy a
oeaiaioieo noniaic?yo; onoaiiaeaii? caeiiii??iinoae aieeao yeino? ?
e?eueeino? cae??ieyth/eo ?ic/ei?a ia i?oei?noue ii?iaeioea-iaioieo
aeaiaio?a; ?ic?iaoe? niinia?a, cania?a ? oaoiieia?? cae??ieaiiy;
oi?iaaaeaeaii? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeeny e iaaiai?thaaeeny ia Ananithcieo iaoeiaeo,
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo c i?iaeai ?ioaineo?eaoe??
a??ie/i?oaeiiai ae?ia-ieoeoaa (Aiaoeoe — 1991 ?., Naa?aeeianuee — 1991
?.); ia I?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi? ii inai?iith ?iaeiaeu i?ia?aeueieo
?ano?n?a ? i?aecaiiiai aoae?a-ieoeoaa a neeaaeieo a?ae?iaaieia?/ieo
oiiaao (A?eai?iae — 1995 ?.); ia I?aeia-?iaeieo iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo ii ?ano?nicaa?aaeaiith e aeieia?? i?iieneiaiai ?aa?iio
( Aei?i?iiao?ianuee — 1993 ?., Iae??aea — 1996 ?.); ia I?aeia?iaei?e
eiioa?aioe?? c i?iaeai ? ia?niaeoea inai?iiy i?aecaiiiai i?inoi?o
aaeeeeo i?no Oe?a?ie (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee-1996, 1997 ??, N?ioa-?iiieue —
1998 ?.); ia I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “XXI noi??//y
— i?iaeaie oa ia?niaeoeae inai?iiy ?iaeiaeu ei?enieo eiiaeei”
(Aei?i?iiao?ianuee — 1998 ?.); ia iaoeiaeo nai?ia?ao eaoaae?e i?aecaiii?
?ic?iaee ?iaeiaeu ? iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e ?aae? I?iaeaiii?
iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? eaai?aoi??? ?1 Iaoe?iiaeueii? a??ie/i? aeaaeai??
Oe?a?ie.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? caeiaoaa/ai iioae?eiaaii 40
ae?o-eiaaieo ?ia?o, o oiio /ene?: iiiia?ao?y — 1; noaoo? o
niaoe?ae?ciaaieo aeo?-iaeao — 17; iaoaioe — 5; oace aeiiia?aeae — 15;
aeaiiiiaai? noaoo? — 2.

No?oeoo?a e ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, oanoe
?icae?e?a, aeniiaeo, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae c? 148 iaeiaioaaiue ia
13 noi??ieao, i?noeoue 220 noi??iie iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, 75 ?enoie?a ia
68 noi??ieao, 36 oaaeeoeue ia 23 noi??ieao ? aeiaeaoee ia 35 noi??ieao;
caaaeueiee ianya -359 noi??iie.

INIIAIee ci?no ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?ic?iaie,
noi?-ioeueiaai? iaoeiaa i?iaeaia, iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy,
a?aeia?aaeaia iaoeiaa iiaecia ? i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe, iaaaaeai?
iieiaeaiiy, ui aeii-nyoueny ia caoeno, a oaeiae aeai? ii ai?iaaoe?? oa
ioae?eaoe?? aeine?aeaeaiue.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyioo? /eiieee, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue
aeioe?eue-i?noue inai?iiy i?aecaiiiai i?inoi?o aaeeeeo i?no, na?aae yeeo
aeiiii?/i?, nioe?aeuei?, oaoi?/i? ? i?e?iaeiioi?iii?. Aei inoaii?o
iaeaaeaoue oe?e?noue eaiae-oaooo, aeiiii?y caie?, ? a ia?oo /a?ao
n?eueainioa?aeue; cieaeaiiy ??aiy ca-a?oaeiaiiy aoiinoa?e ca ?aooiie
eiioeaio?aoe?? e i/euaiiy aeeeae?a; aaaeaiiy aeaeiaooeo ei?enieo eiiaeei
c iaeii/aniei i?aeaiooaaiiyi ae?i-a?oie aeey ?ici?uaiiy i?aecaiieo
ia’?eo?a. Oaoi?/i? /eiieee icia/athoue, ui ca ?aooiie inai?iiy
i?aecaiiiai i?inoi?o iiaeia iaiaaeeoe ?ic??no i?nueeeo oa?eoi??e,
nei?ioeoe i?ioyaei?noue aei??a ? aoeeoeue, ?iaeaia?ieo eiioi?eaoe?e,
ciaioeoe aeo?aoe ia ?oith aenieoaoaoe?th, ?aoe?iiaeueii i?aai?coaaoe
nenoa-io o?ainii?oo, i?aeaeueoe oaeaee?noue ia?anoaaiiy i?noii.
Nioe?aeuei? ia?a-aoaathoue o iiaeeeaino? i?aeaeueoe eiioi?oi?noue i?aoe?
oa cieceoe caoai-?thaai?noue caaaeyee a?aenooiino? ??ceeo ia?aiaae?a
oaiia?aoo?, i?aeaeueoe ??aaiue caoeuaiino? onoaoeoaaiiy ? ia?niiaeo a?ae
ciai?oi?o iani?eyoeeaeo aieea?a; cieceoe ao?aoe i?iaeoeoe?? i?e
caa?aaeaii? o noaa?eueieo oaiia-?aoo?iiio ? aieiainiiio ?aaeeiao oa ?i.
Aei aeiiii?/ieo /eiiee?a iiaeia a?aeianoe cieaeaiiy eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiue
ca ?aooiie aeiiii?? iaoa??ae?a ? aeei-?enoaiiy a??nueeeo ii??ae ye
eiino?oeoe?? aai ne?iaeie, a oaeiae cieaeaiiy aenieoaoaoe?eieo aeo?ao ca
?aooiie i?eaooeo a?ae aeei?enoaiiy aaaaoi-ooieoe?iiaeueieo oeaio??a.

Aeeiiaiee aiae?c i?e?iaeieo ? oaoiiaaiieo /eiiee?a, ui aieeaathoue ia
aoaeoeai?noue inai?iiy i?aecaiiiai i?inoi?o i?no. I?e?iaeia a?oia
/ei-iee?a aeeth/a? aeaiaioe aaieiai-aaiii?oieia?/ii? aoaeiae oa?eoi???
i?no (iniaeeaino? aaieia?/iiai ? eeoieia?/iiai neeaaeo ii??ae,
?ic/eaiiaai?noue ? oeeiie ?aeue?oo), ui a noeoiiino? aecia/athoue
?ioaineai?noue iiaa?oiaaiai ? i?aecaiiiai noieo, ?io?eueo?aoe?th aiaee o
a?oio ?, ioaea, noeeuei?noue ii??ae aei iaaiaeithaaiiy a oiiaao
caaoaeiae oa?eoi???. Iayai?noue oaoiiaaiii? a?oie /eiiee?a iaoiiaeaia
ooieoe?iioaaiiyi aiaeiainiiaea?/eo ia’?eo?a ? aiaei-iano/eo eiioi?eaoe?e
i?iieneiaiai i?ecia/aiiy oa i?nueeiai ainii-aea?noaa, ?iaeaia?iith
i?aai?caoe??th ? aeaaiono???i oa?eoi???, in?aeaiiyie caiii? iiaa?oi? ia
ae?eyieao, i?ae?iaethaaieo ae?iaeaie ? o.i. An? oe? /ei-ieee
aecia/athoue canoinoaaiiy niaoe?aeueieo niinia?a caaaeaiiy i?aecaiieo
aoae?aaeue ? nii?oae, aea?? yeeo e??i ?iaeaia?ii-aaieia?/ieo ?
oaoiiaaiieo oiia aecia/athoue aeeaeia caeeaaeaiiy, i?noea ?icoaooaaiiy,
a oaeiae inia-uai?noue aoae?aaeueieo i?aai?caoe?e iaiao?aeieie iaoeiaie
e onoaoeoaaiiyi. E??i oiai, aoae?aieoeoai i?ae iacaaoaeiaaiith
oa?eoi???th aaaeaoueny a?aee?eoei niiniaii (eioeiaaiiee, iioneiee,
“no?ia a a?oio?”), a i?ae caaoaeiaaiith -cae?eoei (a??ie/ee ? ueoiaee).
No?ia a a?oio? iiaea nii?oaeaeoaaoeny ca aeiiiiiaith iiiie?oiiai,
ca??iiai ? ca??ii-iiiie?oiiai cae?ciaaoiio aai ae no?oieiiei niiniaii.
I?e canoinoaaii? niaoe?aeueieo niinia?a (caii?i-aeoaaiiy, o?i?/iee,
o?ceei-o?i?/iee, no?oieiiee) aeey aoae?aieoeoaa i?aecai-ieo nii?oae
?iaioe iiaeooue aanoeny ye c iiaa?oi? (a?aee?eoee), oae ? ?c caaith
(cae?eoee). Aeey cacia/aieo niinia?a aeoiaey/e c e?eoa???a
oaoiieia?/iino? e aeiiii?/iino? aoee aecia/ai? aaeoc? canoinoaaiiy,
?icaeyioo? aeinoi-?inoaa ? iaaeie?ee, iaa?oioiaaia iaiao?aei?noue
?ic?iaee no?oieiii? oaoii-eia?? cae??ieaiiy, ui aeicaiey? aa?aiooaaoe
ye?noue, aeiiii?/io aoaeoea-i?noue, oaoiieia?/i?noue ? aaciaeo aaaeaiiy
a??ie/eo ?ia?o. Ine?eueee no?oiei-ia cae??ieaiiy aeenia?nieo ii??ae
caniiaaia ia aeei?enoaii? aeniei-iai??ieo no?oiai?a cae??ieyth/iai
?ic/eio, ui ?oeiothoue ? ia?ai?oothoue oe? ii?iaee ?c iiaeaeueoei ?oi?i
iiiiie?/oaaiiyi, oi aoa ?icaeyiooee no/an-iee noai aeine?aeaeaiue o oe?e
aaeoc?.

Cia/iee aianie o aea/aiiy i?ioean?a ?oeioaaiiy a??nueeeo ii??ae ae-
nieiiai??ieie no?oiaiyie c?iaeee: A.I. I?eiiia, A.I. Io?ae, A.?.
Oa-?aioue?a, A.A. Ei?aoaaa, A.O. Oiee?i, A.I. Eaaea?ioeaa, A.I.
Aanaeia, N.A. Oaaeianueeee, A.Ae. Iin?i, I.A. Aeieo???a, I.O. Oan?i, E.
?. Iaeeoaa, A.N. Oaaei?ia, E.A. Iao?inyi, E.?. Nii?iaeeiia, A. I.
Aa?aiiae/, Aae Oei, A.I. Ei?ieueeia, A.ss. Naaiiiiyi.

I?e iaa?oiooaaii? canoinoaaiiy no?oieiieo iaoiae?a cae??ieaiiy
aeenia?nieo ii??ae c iaoith inai?iiy i?aecaiiiai i?inoi?o aaeeeeo i?no
Oe?a?ie aeieeea iaiao?aei?noue aeeiiaoe eiiieaen aca?iicaeaaeieo
aein-e?aeaeaiue, ui aeeth/athoue: aea/aiiy i?ioeano i?iieeaiiy no?oiai?a
o ii?iaeo a ?aieao oai??? aeeiai?ee a?oio?a ? oai??? no?oiai?a;
aeine?aeaeaiiy oai??? no?oiai?a i?e ?ic?iaoe? oai?aoe/ieo iniia i?ioeano
i?iieeaiiy aeniei-iai??iiai no?oiaiy a aeenia?ni? ii?iaee; ioe?ieo
nooiaiy aieeao ??cieo ia?aiao??a aeey iaea?aeaiiy e?eoa??aeueii?
caeaaeiino? i?ioeano i?iieeaiiy; aecia/aiiy oaea?ii? a’yceino? ??aeei ?
aeenia?nieo ii??ae, aeine?aeaeaiiy aean-oeainoae cae??ieyth/eo ?ic/ei?a
? ?ic?iaeo iiaeo ?aoeaioo?; onoaiiaeaiiy caeaaeiino? aieeao
cae??ieyth/eo ?ic/ei?a ia i?oeiini? aeanoeaino? ia?ia-ethaaieo ii??ae;
noai?aiiy ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iao?aaeeoe?eieo oaoiieia?e ca-e??ieaiiy
aeenia?nieo ii??ae ? onoaoeoaaiiy, ui caaacia/othoue aeio?eiaiiy ii?i ii
ioi?ii? iaae? ? iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? aeeiiaia iaa?oiooaaiiy o?ce/ii? iiaeae? i?ioeano
i?iieeaiiy aenieiiai??iiai no?oiaiy a neaaeo ii?iaeo. Aeey oeueiai
i?ioean i?iieeaiiy aea/aany a ?aieao iaoai?ee nooe?eueieo na?aaeiaeu, ui
aeic-aieeei ?icaeyiooe eiai ca aeiiiiiaith oai??? aeeiai?ee a?oio?a. Ia
i?aenoaa? aiae?co ??cieo iiaeaeae iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio ??cieo
na?aaeiaeu aeenia?nia ii?iaea i?aaenoaaey?oueny ye ooaia’yceiieanoe/ia
na?aaeiaeua. Ine?eueee ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae oaici?ii iai?oaeaiue ?
oaeaee?noth aeaoi?iaoe?? aeey oeeo na?aaeiaeu ia? oie aea oa?aeoa?, ui e
aeey iuethoii?anueeeo ??aeei, a i?oaeia neeaaeiai? aeaoi?iaoe?? i?e
no?oieiiiio cae??ieaii? ii??ae cia/ii iaea ii??aiyii ?c ?ici??ii
aenieiieanoe/ii? aeaoi?iaoe??, oi i?ioean i?i- ieeaiiy aenieiiai??iiai
no?oiaiy a neaae? ii?iaee iiaeia iiaeaethaaoe ca aeiiiiiaith i?ioeano
i?iieeaiiy ??aeeie iaioi? aonoeie a ??aeeio a?eueoi? aonoeie. Oaeei
/eiii, aeeiiaiee aiae?c oai??? aeeiai?ee a?oio?a aeicaiey? c?iaeoe
aeniiaie i?i iiaeeea?noue aea/aiiy oeueiai i?ioeano ?c iiaeyaeo oai-???
no?oieiieo oa/?e.

Nooi?noue oe??? oai??? iieyaa? a oiio, ui aiia ?icaeyaea? i?ioeane, ye?
a?aeaoaathoueny i?e i?iieeaii? iioieo iaei??? ??aeeie a ?ioo aai i?e
ci?-oaii? aeaio iioie?a, ui oaeooue ?c ??ciith oaeaee?noth a iaeiiio aai
??cieo iai?yieao.

?icaeyaeath/e noaio iioe?aiiy no?oiaiy ??aeeie a neaae?e aeen-ia?ni?e
ii?iae? ca oiiae, ui noia on?o aeo?ao o cii? ?oeioaaiiy iiaeiia
aei??aithaaoe ioeth, iaea?aeeii:

, (1)

— iioi/ia oaeaee?noue ??aeeie, i/n .

Ine?eueee i?iieeaiiy a ii?iaeo a?aeaoaa?oueny ?c aaeeeith ii/aoeiaith
oaeaee?noth, oi a ia?oiio iaaeeaeaii? iiaeia i?eeiyoe, ui

.

Oiae? c ??aiyiiy (1) iaea?aeeii

. (2)

Aeey aecia/aiiy i?i?iaeueii? oaeaeeino?, i?e ye?e iiaeeeaa c?oeio-aaiiy
ii?iaee, caieoaii ??aiyiiy aia?a?? aeey oeo aea oiia.

Aia?a?y ??aeeie a cii? ?oeioaaiiy ii?iaee

, (3)

aea S — iaeeieoey aeeaeie ?oeioaaiiy, i.

Aia?a?y ??aeeie c ii?iaeith

. (4)

Aia?a?y, iaiao?aeia aeey c?oeioaaiiy.

(5)

— eiao?oe??io oaea?ii? a’yceino? a??nueei? ii?iaee, Aeae/i2.

Aeoiaey/e c oiai ui i?ioean ?oeioaaiiy oaeaeeiieeiiee, i?eionea?-ii, ui
a?i aae?aaaoiee, oiaoi a?aeaoaa?oueny aac iai?io aia?a??th c
iaaei-eeoi?i na?aaeiaeuai. Oiae? iiaeaii caienaoe:

=

. (6)

, iaea?aeeii

, (7)

— aeo?aeiee ae?aiao? ianaaeee, i.

i?iieeaiiy i?eieiy?oueny.

Aeey oiai uia aecia/eoe caeii ci?ie oaeaeeino? no?oiaiy acaeiaae ?? in?,
aoa ?icaeyiooee ?yae oai??e oo?aoeaioiiai caoiieaiiai no?oiaiy, ye-io:
noa?a ? iiaa oai??? oo?aoeaioiino? I?aiaeoey, oai??y a?eueii?
oo?ao-eaioiino? Oaeei?a ? oo?aoeaioiiai ia?ai?ooaaiiy ?aeoa?aea. C
aiae?co oeeo oai??e aeieeaa?, ui oiaueia ciie ci?oaiiy no?oiaiy c?
niooiei iioieii i?yii i?iii?oe?eia a?aenoai?, ia yeo iioe?th?oueny
no?oi?iue:

, (8)

— ii/aoeiaa ? e?ioeaaa oaeaeeino? ia in? no?oiaiy, i/n.

Aiae?c oo?aoeaioii? oai??? Aa?aiiae/a ? ??aiyiiy noaeino? e?eueeino?
?ooo a ??cieo ia?aoeiao no?oiaiy aeicaieea iaea?aeaoe oi?ioeo
caeaaeiino? oaeaeeino? iioe?aiiy oo?aoeaioiiai no?oiaiy

. (9)

), ui oi?io? no?oi?iue. Oi?ioea io?eiaia aeey aeiaaeeo, eiee no?oi?iue
??aee-ie iioe?th?oueny a o?e nai?e ??aeei?. *eneaii? aenia?eiaioe
aeathoue cia-/aiiy aeia?eueii? ooieoe?? n = 0,22. Aeey oiai uia i?eeiyoe
?? aeey oiia, eiee aonoeia ?a/iaeie no?oiaiy iaioa ca aonoeio ??aeeie,
iaiao?aeii aoei aein-e?aeaeoaaoe ci?io ooieoe?? n, i?ia?aoe ?yae
aenia?eiaio?a o iiaeaeueieo na?a-aeiaeuao.

O?ao?e ?icae?e i?enay/aiee iaa?oiooaaiith ia?aiao??a iiaeaethaaiiy
i?ioeano i?iieeaiiy aenieiiai??iiai no?oiaiy a neaaeo ii?iaeo. Oeae
i?i-oean iiaeia iienaoe oaeith ia?aiao?e/iith caeaaei?noth:

, (10)

— aeo?aoa ?a/iaeie no?oiaiy, ea/i3.

Ca aeiiiiiaith oai??? ?ici??iinoae ? iiae?aiino? io?eiaia e?eoa-??aeueia
caeaaei?noue, ui iieno? oeae i?ioean,

, (11)

iieaco? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy u?eueiino? ii?iaee, ui ?oeio?oueny, ? aonoeie
?a/iaeie no?oiaiy.

C oi?ioee (9) aeieeaa?, ui

, (12)

— iaeneiaeueia oaeaee?noue o ??cieo ia?aoeiao no?oiaiy, i/n.

(7), iaea?aeeii ae?ac aeey aecia/aiiy iaeneiaeueii? aeeaeie i?iieeaiiy
no?oiaiy

. (13)

Ine?eueee

, (14)

— eiao?oe??io aeo?aoe niiea, oi, i?aenoaaeaoe (14) o (13), io?eia?ii

, (15)

. (16)

a noaiai? ioeue.

.

oeeo ii??ae aoea ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ? noai-?aia eaai?aoi?ia
onoaiiaea, ia ye?e oia?oa aoee io?eiai? caeaaeiino? oaea?ii? a’yceino?
a?ae nooiaiy aieiaino? ca’ycieo ? iaca’ycieo aeenia?nieo ii-??ae (?en.
1.) .

Aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui oaea?ia a’yce?noue i?e ca?eueoaii? aieiaino? aei 25
% o ca’ycieo ii??ae ciaioo?oueny ia 50-80 Aeae/i2 ca ?aooiie ineaaeaiiy
iiaa?oiaaeo ca’yce?a i?ae /anoeaie ii?iaee, a a iaca’ycieo —
c?inoa? ia 40-60 Aeae/i2 ca ?aooiie ca?eueoaiiy iiaa?oiaaeo nee o
i?aeii?iaiio i?inoi?? aeenia?nii? ii?iaee. Ia i?aenoaa? aeuaaeeeaaeaieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ?ic?iaeaia eeaneo?eaoe?y ii??ae ca nooiaiai ?oii?
i?iieeiino? (oaae. 1).

aecia/eee aenia?eiaioaeueiei oeyoii, aeey /iai aeei?enoaee oi?ioee

, (17)

— oaeaee?noue aeo?eaiiy ??aeeie ?c niiea, io?eiaia aenia?eiaioaeueii,
i/n;

, (18)

— oaeaee?noue, io?eiaia oai?aoe/ii, i/n;

, (19)

— aonoeia ??aeeie, ea/i3;

-ae?aiao? ianaaeee, i.

.

Aiane?aeie aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue io?eiaiee ia?aaie?/iee
caeii ci?ie aenia?eiaioaeueii? ooieoe?? c caeaaeii a?ae ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
aonoeie aeaio na?aaeiaeu , ui ia?ai?oothoueny:

, (20)

ui aeicaieeei a?aooaaoe a oai?aoe/ieo ?ic?aooieao a?aei?ii?noue aonoeie
no?oiaiy cae??ieyth/iai ?ic/eio a?ae u?eueiino? cae??iethaaii? ii?iaee.

0

— eoo a?aeoeeaiiy iayoieea i?ney oaea?o;

?en. 1. Noaia onoaiiaee aeey aecia/aiiy oaea?ii? a’yceino? ??aeei ?
iaca’ycieo ii??ae

Oaaeeoey 1 — Eeaneo?eaoe?y ii??ae ca nooiaiai i?iieeiino?

Aeenia?ni? ii?iaee Eiao?oe??io oaea?ii?

a’yceino?

=2%,

Aeae/i2 A?aeiinia

aeeaeia i?iieeai-

iy no?oiaiy ii??a-iyii ?c i?iieeai-iyi o aeeio

Nooi?iue i?iieeii-no? ii??ae

Eeane A?oie

1 Aeeiyno? ii?iaee Ca’yci? > 400 1-1, 5 Aaaeei- i?iieei?

Aeeia

604 1

Eaniaeaeiee noaeeiie

480 1.13

Ean

447 1.17

2 I?nee i?eeica?ieno? Iaca’yci? 100-400 1.5-3 Na?aaeiuei- i?iieei?

I?nee ia?ic/eaiaiiai iaiaaio

239 1.59

I?nee oa?e?anueei? na?oe

129 2.18

Na?aaeiueii?ioea-iia? i?nee

96 2.59

3 I?nee e?oiiica?ieno? Iaca’yci? < 100 > 3 Eaaei- i?iieei?

I?nee ao/aenueei? na?oe

55

3.48

Ieaeiueina?iao-nuee? i?nee

47

3.81

I?nee ee?anueei? na?oe

31

4.45

Ia i?aenoaa? aeuaaeeeaaeaiiai aoea ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ia?a?aooaaiiy
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo aeey oiia iaoo?iiai i?ioeano. A iniiao
ia-oiaeeee iieeaaeaiee oie oaeo, ui e?eoa???, ye? iienothoue aeaa
iiae?aieo i?ioeane, oaeiae iiaeii? aooe iiae?aieie.

(i/n).

O ?acoeueoao? na??? aenia?eiaio?a onoaiiaeai? iia? caeiiii??iino?
i?iieeaiiy aenieiiai??ieo no?oiai?a o aeenia?ni? ii?iaee caeaaeii a?ae
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aonoeie cae??ieyth/iai ?ic/eio e u?eueiino?
ia?iaethaaii? ii?iaee, oaea?ii? a’yceino? oe??? ii?iaee, oaeaeeino?
i?aeiyooy e iaa?oaiiy ?iai/iai ?ino?oiaioa, aeo?a/aiiy ? oeneo no?oiaiy
cae??ieyth/iai ?ic/eio, aaiiao?e/ii? oi?ie niiea, ui oi?io? no?oi?iue:

, (21)

a?eueoa /ano O iaeiiai iai?i-oo ?iai/iai ?ino?oiaioa.

Ia ?en.2 iaaaaeai? ??ci? aeiaaeee cae??ieaiiy caeaaeii a?ae
ni?a-a?aeiioaiiy oaeaeeinoae i?aeiyooy e iaa?oaiiy ?iai/iai ?ino?oiaioa.
Ia ?enoieo i?eeiyo? oae? iicia/aiiy:

;

;

. Iaeiae i?e oeueiio aeeae/a aei ia?eiao?a eieiie aeieeathoue ciie c
iecueeith ye?noth cae??ieaiiy. I?e?iaeii, iae-a?eueoa iioeiaeueiei
aa??aioii ? ae?oaee aeiaaeie.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iineoaeeee aacith aeey ?ic?iaee i?ia?aie
?ic?aooieo ia IAII o EXCEL 5.0 iniiaieo oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a
(aeo?aoa ?ic/eio, oaeaee?noue no?oiaiy ia aeoiae? ?c niiea, oaeaee?noue
i?i-ieeaiiy, /an iaeiiai iiai?ioo ?iai/i? eieiie, /an i?aeiyooy
iii?oi?a, iae-neiaeueia aeeaeia i?iieeaiiy).

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? aeeiiai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeanoeainoae
cae??iey-th/eo ?ic/ei?a. Oea iaoiiaeaii oei, ui ia a?aei?io a?ae ?ioeo
(ei’?eoe?eieo) oaoiieia?e o ?acoeueoao? ?oeioaaiiy ? ia?ai?ooaaiiy
ia?iaethaaii? ii?iaee aenieiiai??ieie no?oiaiyie cae??ieyth/eo ?ic/ei?a
ooai?ththoueny iia? ooo/i? ii?iaei? no?oeoo?e. Iaea?eueoa ia?niaeoeaieie
aeey no?oieiii? oaoiieia?? ? ?ic/eie ia oeaiaioiiio aacen?.

Iniiaieie aeiiaaie aei aeei?enoiaoaaieo ?ic/ei?a ?: ni?iiiaei?noue ia
?acoa?iaoaaoeny i?e iaai?oaii?; ni?iiiaei?noue oaa?ae?oe i?ae aiaeith
(aiaeino?ee?noue); oa?i?ie noiiethaaiiy, ui caaacia/othoue iaiao?aei?
oiiae oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano aiooaaiiy ? iaai?oaiiy ?ic/ei?a;
caaeia?eueia ia?a-i?ooaai?noue c ia?iaethaaiith ii?iaeith; iaiao?aeia
aiaeia?aeaea/a i?ney caaa?-oaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano cae??ieaiiy e
ooai?aiiy iiaeo ii?iaeieo no?oeoo? ?c caaeaieie o?ceei-iaoai?/ieie ?
o?eueo?aoe?eieie aeanoeain-oyie; aeinoaoiy i?oei?noue ia iaeiiinueiaee
oene ? ni?iiiaei?noue i?ioenoiyoe iaii?ia? i?aecaiieo aiae. Oiio a
?icae?e? aoee aeine?aeaeai? iniiai? aeanoe-aino? cae??ieyth/eo ?ic/ei?a
(naaeeiaioaoe?eia no?ee?noue, aonoeia, a’yce?noue, oa?i?ie noiiethaaiiy,
aeo?ae oeaiaioiiai eaiaiy, ci?ia i?oeiino? oeaiaio-iiai eaiaiy a /an?)
caeaaeii a?ae aiaeioeaiaioiiai a?aeiioaiiy. Eiiieaeniee aiae?c on?o
aeine?aeaeoaaieo aeanoeainoae oeaiaioieo noniaic?e i?e ??cieo
aiaeioeaiaioieo a?aeiioaiiyo aeicaieea c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui
?aoe?iiaeueiei c iiaeyaeo a’yce?nieo aeanoeainoae ?ic/eio a iiiaio
iaai?oaiiy ? e?ioeaaeo i?oeiinieo aeanoeainoae ia?iaethaaieo ii??ae ?
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy A/Oe = 1,0.

1,0 i?e aeiaeaaaii? a ieo ia a?eueo 2 % aaioii?oiai? aeeie.

Aeey aecia/aiiy i?oei?nieo aeanoeainoae cae??ieaieo oeaiaioieie
noniaic?yie ca’ycieo ? iaca’ycieo ii??ae aoee aeeiiai? aeine?aeaeaiiy ia
onoaiiaoe? OEA 12/25N. Aiae?c cae??ieaieo c?ace?a iieacaa, ui i?oei?noue
iaca’ycieo ii??ae (i?ne?a), ?ici?? ii?iaiai i?inoi?o yeeo caeia? 25%
ia’?io, neeaaea? aei 25% a?ae i?oeiino? oeaiaioiiai eaiaiy. Iai?eeeaae,
i?e aeei?enoaii? oeaiaioii? noniaic?? I-400 c A/Oe=1,0 ? ai?noii
aaioii?oa 2% i?oei?noue ii?iaeioeaiaioiiai aeaiaioa neeaaea? aeecueei
4,5 IIa. C iaeyaeo ia oa, ui a?eueo?noue ?i’?eoe?eieo niinia?a
cae??ieaiiy aeicaieythoue aeinyaoe

i?oeiino? aei 1,0 — 1,5 IIa, aeey iaca’ycieo ii??ae iieaciee 25%-ai
ai?noo noniaic?? a aioiaiio aeaiaio? ? ?aoe?iiaeueiei i?e ae??oaii?
??cieo a??ie/ioaoi?/ieo caaaeaiue.

I?e cae??ieaii? ca’ycieo ii??ae iaiao?aeia cia/ii a?eueoa e?euee?noue
cae??ieyth/iai ?ic/eio. Iai?eeeaae, uia aeinyaoe 25%-ii? i?oeiino? a
ca’yc-ieo ii??ae, iaiao?aeii aeo?aoeoe a aeaa ?ace a?eueoa noniaic??,
i?ae aeey oiai ae iieacieea a iaca’ycieo ii??ae. I?e oeueiio iaa??
i?oeiino? a ca’ycii? ii?iaee aoaea a?aeaoaaoeny iaaaaaoi iia?euei?oa,
i?ae o iaca’ycii?.

I’yoee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee ?ic?iaoe? niinia?a ? oaoiieia?? aeey
no?oieiiiai cae??ieaiiy ii??ae.

Cai?iiiiiaai? niiniae aeicaieythoue i?aeaeueoe ye?noue cae??ieaiiy ca
?aooiie:

— cae??ieaiiy eaniaeo ii??ae ie?aieie ciiaie. I?e oeueiio ia ?oeio?oueny
aanue e?noye ia?iaethaaii? ii?iaee, a oi?iothoueny ie?ai? ii?iaeieie, ?c
yeeo i?ae ae??th oeneo ? eai?ey?iiai ?ooo ?iaeoueny iane/aiiy ianeao
cae??ieyth/ei ?ic/eiii (iaoaio ? 10333A);

— cae??ieaiiy ii?iaee ?c ??cieie o?ceei-iaoai?/ieie aeanoeainoyie i?e
oeneo iaai?oaiiy ?ic/eio, ui caaacia/o? iino?eiee ?aae?on cae??ieaiiy
(iaoaio ? 10392 A);

— cae??ieaiiy aeenia?nieo ii??ae aeaieiiiiiaioieie no?oiaiyie — ??aeea
neei + noeniooa iia?o?y ?c oei?enoei eaeueoe??i (iaoaio ? 15071 A) ?
??aeea neei + aoaeaeeneee aac (iaoaio ? 20382 A).

Ana oea aeicaieeei noi?ioethaaoe iniiai? aeiiae aei onoaiiaee aeey
no?oieiiiai cae??ieaiiy ii??ae: ao??iiy naa?aeeiaei AE 105-125 ii ia
aeeaeio aei 30 i; iioneaiiy ? i?aeiyooy iii?oi?a o naa?aeeiaei? ?c
iaeii/aniith iiaea/ath cae??ieyth/eo ?ic/ei?a ? ?a/iaei; caaei/oaaiiy ?
?icaaei/oaaiiy iaeii- ? aeaiiieeo o?oa; ?aaoethaaiiy oaeaeeino?
iaa?oaiiy iii?oi?a iaaeiei nai?? in? a?ae 0 aei 150 ia/oa; ?aaoethaaiiy
oaeaeeino? i?aeiyooy iii?oi?a a iaaeao 0 — 2,5 i/oa; iiaea/a
cae??ieyth/eo ?ic/ei?a aei iii?oi?a i?ae oeneii 20-30 IIa. Ia i?aenoaa?
aeuaaeeeaaeaiiai i?ae ea??aieoeoaii ? ca iniaenoith o/anoth aaoi?a ?acii
?c AIAeI?IEAAIIAO (i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee) aoea ?ic?iaeaia oaoi?/ia
aeieoiaioaoe?y (?iai/? e?aneaiiy inianoee aeey onoaiiaee no?oieiiiai
cae??ieaiiy ii??ae). sse aacia? iaoeie aoee aeei?enoai?: onoaiiaea
?ica?aeoaaeueiiai ao??iiy O?A — 2A — 2 ia oan? C?E-131; oeaiaiooaaeueiee
aa?aaao OeA — 320 I ia oan? E?AC — 256 ? i?eoeaiia eiii?ani?ia noaioe?y
I? — 10/AI — 2. sse inianoea aoee ?ic?iaeai? ? aeaioiaeai?
aeaiii?iaeieii? ?yaeia? ? iii?oi?ia naeoe??, aa?oetha ? iaa?oa/, ui
aeicaieythoue o?ainii?ooaaoe cae??ieyth/ee ?ic/ei ? noeniooa iia?o?y aei
iii?oi?a i?e iaa?oaii? ?iai/iai ?ino?oiaioa.

Ana oea aeaei iiaeeea?noue noai?eoe oaoiieia?/i? noaie ? ?ic?iaeoe
i?eioeeiiao oaoiieia?th no?oieiiiai cae??ieaiiy ii??ae, ui
aeicaieythoue:

— noai?thaaoe caoeni? iaieiiee i?e i?iaaaeaii? ae?ia?oie i?eeiai
caeeaaeaiiy (aei 30 i);

— oi?ioaaoe no?ie a a?oio?, ui caaacia/othoue o?eaae?noue ai?o?a
eioeiaai?a;

— i?aeaeuoaaoe no?ee?noue iniia aoae?aaeue ? nii?oae;

— nii?oaeaeoaaoe a?ae?i?cieyoe?ei? caa?ne iaaeiei ae?iaie ??ciiai
i?ecia/aiiy ? a?aeno?eiee?a oe?aeeeaeo ?a/iaei.

Aeaoaeueii ?icaeyioo? ieoaiiy eiio?ieth yeino? i?ioeano ao??iiy
naa?aeeiaei, no?oieiiiai cae??ieaiiy, a oaeiae noaio ii??ae i?ney
caaa?oaiiy ?ia?o.

Oinoee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee ai?iaaoe?? ? ai?iaaaeaeaiith iaoeiaeo
?ic?iaie ? i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii no?oieiiiio cae??ieaiith
aeenia?nieo ii??ae.

=1500 ea/i3. Oene iaai?-oaiiy ?ic/eio 0,4 IIa, ae?aiao? niiae — 4,5 ii.
Na?aaei?e ae?aiao? cae-??ieaieo c?ace?a neeaa aeey i?neo 0,16 i ? aeey
eano 0,15 i. Iioeaea aecia/aiiy ae?aiao?a cae??ieaieo c?ace?a
?ic?aooieiaei (ca aeiiiiiaith i?ia?aie ia IAII) ? aenia?eiaioaeueiei
niiniaaie neeaea aeey i?ne?a 4-6 %, aeey ean?a aeecueei 7%.

=1500 ea/i3 i?ae oeneii 2,5 IIa. Aei?iaoaaiiy i?iaiaeeeeny i?e ??cieo
?aaeeiao oaeaeeinoae iaa?oaiiy ? i?aeiyooy iii?oi?a. I?e iaa?oaii? ?
i?aeiyoo? iii?oi?a na?aaei?e ae?aiao? cae??ieaiiy neeaa 0,35 i, i?e
i?aeiyoo? aac iaa?oaiiy aeeaeia i?iieeaiiy no?oiaiy ?ic/eio aoea 0,7 i.
Iioeaea aecia/aiiy ae?aiao?a cae??ieaii? eieiie — aeecueei 6-10 %.
I?oei?noue aioiaeo aeaiaio?a neeaea 12 IIa, a eiao?oe??io o?eueo?aoe??
0,0005 i/aeia.

?c aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie, io?eiaieie o??iith “Aaoa?” o i?ioean?
aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o o Aa?e?inueeiio iao?i, i?aeoaa?aeea a??ia?aei?noue
aeeiiaieo o aeai?e ?iaio? oai?aoe/ieo ? i?eeeaaeieo aeine?aeaeaiue.
Ca?aei?noue ?acoeueoao?a neeaea 12 %.

Iaoeia? ?ic?iaee ai?iaaaeaeai? a i?iaeoao: Aei?i?iiao?ii?iaeo i?e
nii?oaeaeaii? i?aecaiiiai ia?aoiaeo /a?ac aoe. ?i. Iai?eaoe ia ae/i
Oiiiey-3 i. Aei?i?iiao?ianueea. I/?eoaaiee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo neeaaea?
122780 a?i.; Iao?iooiaeueaoaeaei i?e noai?aii? caoenii? iaieiiee iaaeiei
aa?oeeaeueiiai noaiea ? 29 Oa?e?anueeiai iao?i. I/?eoaaiee aeiiii?/iee
aoaeo -198870 a?i. I?iaeoi? i?iiiceoe?? ia?aaeai? ?inoeoooo
Aei?i?iae?i?ioaoo aeey ai?iaaaeaeaiiy.

AENIIAIE

Aeena?oaoe?y ? cae?i/aiith iaoeiai-aeine?aeiith ?iaioith, o ye?e
ae??-oaia i?iaeaia inai?iiy i?aecaiiiai i?inoi?o aaeeeeo i?no Oe?a?ie a
neeaaeieo a?ae?iaaieia?/ieo oiiaao, ui ia? aaaeeeaa
ia?iaeiiainiiaea?nueea cia/aiiy, a naia — aeaia iiaa iaa?oiooaaiiy
oai?aoe/ieo ? i?eeeaaeieo iniia no?oieiiiai cae??ieaiiy neaaeeo
aeenia?nieo ii??ae, aeyaeai? caeiiii??iino? i?ioeano i?iieeaiiy
aenieiiai??ieo no?oiai?a cae??ieyth/eo ?ic/ei?a o neaae? aeenia?ni?
ii?iaee, cai?iiiiiaaia iiaa eeaneo?eaoe?y aeenia?nieo ii??ae caeaaeii
a?ae nooiaiy i?iieeaiiy a ieo aenieiiai??ieo no?oiai?a c o?aooaaiiyi
o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae ii??ae ? o?ceei-o?i?/ieo aeanoeainoae
?ic/ei?a, ui oiiaeeeaeei noai?aiiy iiaeo oaoiieia?e no?oieiiiai
cae??ieaiiy. Iia? niiniae cae??ieaiiy caaacia/othoue: i?iaaaeaiiy
a??ie/eo ae?iaie ? aoae?aieoeoai i?aecaiieo nii?oae a iniaeeai neeaaeieo
oiiaao, caoeno ae?iaie a?ae i?i?ea?a o ieo aiaeiiane/aieo ii??ae,
noai?aiiy no?ie a a?oio? i?e nii?oaeaeaii? i?aecaiieo ia’?eo?a a oiiaao
caaoaeiaaiino? i?noa, oi?ioaaiiy a?ae?iaaieia?/ieo iaieiiie iaaeiei
??cieo noiaeu, ui o?eueo?othoue oe?aeeea? ?a/iaeie o a?oioia? aiaee,
i?aeaeuaiiy no?eeino? iniia aoae?aaeue ? nii?oae.

Iniiai? aeniiaee. Iaoeia? oa i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe iieyaathoue o oaeiio:

1. Oia?oa noai?aia oai??y ?ic?aooieo ?iai/eo ia?aiao??a no?oieiii?
oaoiieia?? cae??ieaiiy neaaeeo aeenia?nieo ii??ae caeaaeii a?ae
o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae cae??ieyth/iai ?ic/eio ? cae??iethaaii?
aeenia?nii? ii?iaee. Aeanoeaino? ii?iaee, ui cae??ieth?oueny ca
aeiiiiiaith no?oieiii? oaoiieia??, ui ?ai?oa iienoaaeeny a ?aieao oai???
aeeiai?ee a?oio?a, oia?oa aoee iienai? ca aeiiiiiaith oai???
oo?aoeaioieo no?oiai?a. Oea aeicaieeei i?e aecia/aii? aeeaeie i?iieeaiiy
no?oiaiy a ii?iaeo a?aooaaoe oo?aoeaioiee oa?aeoa? iioe?aiiy no?oiaiy e
onoaiiaeoe oa?aeoa? ci?ie oaeaeeino? no?oiaiy acaeiaae in? eiai
iioe?aiiy.

2. Oia?oa anoaiiaeai? a?aie/i? oiiae i?iieeaiiy aenieiiai??ieo no?oiai?a
cae??ieyth/iai ?ic/eio a neaaeo aeenia?nio ii?iaeo, ui aeicaiey?
aecia/aoe e?ioeaao aeeaeio iioe?aiiy no?oiaiy ?ic/eio a oe?e ii?iae?.

3. Oia?oa aeei?enoaia iiiyooy «oaea?ia a’yce?noue» aeey oa?aeoa?enoeee
neaaeeo aeenia?nieo ii??ae. Aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue ii
aecia/aiith oaea?ii? a’yceino? oeeo ii??ae aoea ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ?
noai?aia eaai?aoi?ia onoaiiaea, ia ye?e oia?oa aoee io?eiai? caeaaeiino?
oaea?ii? a’yc-eino? a?ae nooiaiy aieiaino? aeey ca’ycieo ? iaca’ycieo
aeenia?nieo ii??ae. Onoaiiaeaii, ui i?e ca?eueoaii? aieiaino? aei 25%
oaea?ia a’yce?noue o ca’ycieo ii??ae ciaioo?oueny ia 50-80 Aeae/i2 ca
?aooiie ineaaeaiiy iiaa?oiaaeo ca’yce?a i?ae /anoeaie ii?iaee, a a
iaca’ycieo — c?inoa? ia 40-60 Aeae/i2 ca ?aooiie ca?eueoaiiy
iiaa?oiaaeo nee o i?aeii?iaiio i?inoi?? aeenia?nii? ii?iaee.

4. Oia?oa aoea io?eiaia caeaaei?noue aenia?eiaioaeueii? ooieoe??, ui
aoiaeeoue o oai??th oo?aoeaioieo no?oiai?a, a?ae ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aonoeie
aeaio na?aaeiaeu, ye? ia?ai?oothoueny, ui aeicaieeei a?aooaaoe a
oai?aoe/ieo ?ic?aooieao a?aei?ii?noue aonoeie no?oiaiy cae??ieyth/iai
?ic/eio a?ae u?eueiino? cae??iethaaii? ii?iaee.

5. Ia i?aenoaa? oai?aoe/ieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ??cieo
oi?i ? aaiiao?e/ieo ?ici???a ianaaeie, ye? iiaeia canoiniaoaaoe i?e
no?oieii?e oaoiieia?? cae??ieaiiy aeenia?nieo ii??ae, aoee aecia/ai?
?aoe?i-iaeuei? aaiiao?e/i? ?ici??e ? oi?ie ianaaeie, ui caiia?aathoue
aeieeiaiith yaeua eaa?oaoe?? i?e aenieeo oeneao ? caaacia/othoue
iioeiaeueio ye?noue no?oiaiy.

6. Oia?oa io?eiaia e?eoa??aeueia caeaaei?noue, yea aeeth/a?
aeaeici?iaiee e?eoa??e ?aeiieueaena, e?eoa??e Oo?’? ? e?eoa??e, ui
iieno? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aonoeie cae??ieyth/iai ?ic/eio e ia?iaethaaii?
ii?iaee, ui aeicaieeei ia?a?aoiaoaaoe oene iaai?oaiiy ? aeo?aoo
cae??ieyth/iai ?ic/eio, /an ae?? oa aeeaeio i?iieeaiiy no?oiaiy,
iaea?aeai? a i?ioean? iiaeaethaaiiy, aeey iaoo?ieo oiia.

7. Oia?oa ?ic?iaeaia eeaneo?eaoe?y neaaeeo aeenia?nieo ii??ae caeaaeii
a?ae aeeaeie i?iieeaiiy a ieo aenieiiai??iiai no?oiaiy cae??iey-th/iai
?ic/eio, yea a?aoiao? oaea?io a’yce?noue oeeo ii??ae ? aeicaiey? ?iaeoe
iiia?aaei?e aea?? niinia?a ? oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a no?oieiiiai
cae??i-eaiiy.

8. Ia i?aenoaa? eaai?aoi?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aecia/aia iioeiaeueia
aiaeioeaiaioia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy noniaic?e ia oeaiaioiiio aacen?, ui
canoiniaothoueny aeey no?oieiii? oaoiieia?? cae??ieaiiy aeenia?nieo
ii??ae, yea caaacia/o? iaiao?aeio i?oei?noue cae??ieaii? ii?iaee.

9. Oia?oa anoaiiaeai? caeiiii??iino? aieeao yeino? ? e?eueeino?
ca-e??ieyth/eo ?ic/ei?a ia i?oei?noue ii?iaeioeaiaioieo aeaiaio?a, ui
aeicaieythoue aecia/eoe ?aoe?iiaeuei? ia?aiao?e i?ioeano cae??ieaiiy i?e
??oaii? ??cieo a??ie/ioaoi?/ieo caaaeaiue.

10. Onoaiiaeai? iia? caeiiii??iino? i?iieeaiiy aenieiiai??ieo no?oiai?a
o neaae? aeenia?ni? ii?iaee caeaaeii a?ae ni?aa?aeiioaiue aonoeie
cae??ieyth/iai ?ic/eio e u?eueiino? ia?iaethaaii? ii?iaee, oaea?ii?
a’yceino? oe??? ii?iaee, oaeaeeinoae i?aeiyooy e iaa?oaiiy ?iai/iai
?ino?oiaioa, aeo?aoe ? oeneo no?oiaiy cae??ieyth/iai ?ic/eio,
aaiiao?e/ii? oi?ie niiea, ui oi?io? no?oi?iue, ia i?aenoaa? yeeo aoee
?ic?iaeai? niiniae no?oieiiiai cae??ieaiiy ii??ae, i?aeoaa?aeaeai?
iaoaioaie Oe?a?ie.

11. ?ic?iaeai? iniiae ea?oaaiiy aeanoeainoyie ? noaiii neaaeeo
aeenia?nieo ii??ae ca aeiiiiiaith aenieiiai??ieo no?oiai?a cae??ieyth/eo
?ic/ei?a, ui aeicaieeei noai?eoe aoaeoeai? niiniae (iaoaioe ? 1ICCC A;
10392 A; 15071 A;20380 A), oaoiieia?th ? caniae no?oieiiiai cae??ieaiiy,
ui caaacia/othoue iaiao?aeio aaciaeo i?e ae??oaii? ??cieo
a??ie/ioaoi?/-ieo caaaeaiue o i?ioean? inai?iiy i?aecaiiiai i?inoi?o
i?no Oe?a?ie.

12. ?ic?iaeai? eiii’thoa?i? i?ia?aie ii aecia/aiith oaoiieia?/ieo
ia?aiao??a ? noaie no?oieiiiai cae??ieaiiy ii??ae i?e i?iaaaeaii?
aa?oeeaeueieo noaie?a ? ai?eciioaeueieo ae?ia?oie iaaeeaieiai
caeeaaeaiiy, noai?aii? a?ae?i?cieyoe?eii? caa?ne iaaeiei i?aecaiieo
eaia?, cae??ieaii? iniia i?ae aoae?aeyie ? nii?oaeaie. Oaoiieia?/i?
noaie iiaiaeaeai? ?inoeoooii Aei?i?iae?i?ioaoo ? caoaa?aeaeai? AeiiAoA?
(1997?.).

13. ?ic?iaeaiee, ciiioiaaiee ? aei?iaoaaiee o iie?aiiieo oiiaao
aeine?aeiee c?acie onoaiiaee ii no?oieiiiio cae??ieaiith aeenia?nieo
ii??ae ia aac? ao?iai? O?A-2A-2 ? oan? C?E-131, ui aeicaiey? aeeiioaaoe
?iaioe ii cae??ieaiith c iiaa?oi? ia aeeaeio aei 30 i.

14. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue o aeaeyae? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ai?iaaaeaeai? a
i?iaeoe Aei?i?iae?i?ioaoo, Aei?i?iiao?ii?iaeo ? Oe?ooiaeueaoaeaei.
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue oaeiae i?ieoee oaoiieia?/io ai?iaaoe?th o
o??i? «Aaoa?» (I?ia//eia) i?e aoae?aieoeoa? Aa?e?inueeiai iao?iiie?oaio
(1996 ?.).

15. I?iaaaeai? aei?iaoaaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueii? onoaiiaee i?e cae??ieaii?
i?ne?a ia o?an? noaioe?? a?aee?eoiai caeeaaeaiiy “Iaaa?aaeia ?i. Eai?ia”
Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai iao?iiie?oaio, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue
iaa?oioiaai?noue ? a??ia?aei?noue iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a, aeniiae?a ?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? a oaeeo
?iaioao:

Aiiaea?aiei A.E., Aeania N.O., Oea/oe N.A. Auai? ii?aaeaeythueo
ia?aiao?ia no?oeiiai cae?aieaiey a?oioia // Aeae?ioaoie/aneia
no?ie-oaeuenoai. — 1993. — ? 11. — N. 8 — 10.

Aiiaea?aiei A.E., Aeania N.O., Oea/oe N.A. Ianaaeee aeey no?oeiiai
cae?aieaiey ii?iae // Aeae?ioaoie/aneia no?ieoaeuenoai. — 1993. ? 11. —
N. 6 — 7.

Aiiaea?aiei A.E., Aeania N.O., Oea/oe N.A. Iainiiaaiea iiaeaee?iaaiey
i?ioeannia no?oeiie oaoiieiaee cae?aieaiey ii?iae // Aeae?ioaoie/aneia
no?ieoaeuenoai. — 1993. — ? 9. — N. 35 — 37.

Aiiaea?aiei A.E., Aeania N.O., Oea/oe N.A., Ii/aiia A.I. ?acoeueoaou
iiaeaee?iaaiey no?oeiie oaoiieiaee cae?aieaiey ii?iae //
Aeae?ioaoie/aneia no?ieoaeuenoai. — 1994. — ? 1. — N. 35 — 37.

Aeania N.O. No?oeiia cae?aieaiea ii?iae a iiaecaiiii i?ino?aino-aa
//Eiiioiaeueiia oicyenoai ai?iaeia: Iao/. — oaoi. na. — E.: Oaoieea,
1999. — Aui. 18. — N. 25 — 28.

Aeania N.O. Onoaiiaea aeey no?oeiiai cae?aieaiey ii?iae // Aea?a-oeee a
oaoieea e oaoiieiaeyo. — 1998. — ? 3. — n. 29 — 31.

Aeania N.O. Aeeyiea nei?inoe a?auaiey e iiaeiyoey iiieoi?a ia iniiaiua
oaoiieiae/aneea ia?aiao?u no?oeiuo oaoiieiaee cae?aieaiey neaauo
ii?iae //A??ie/a aeaeo?iiaoai?ea oa aaoiiao?ea: Iaoe.-oaoi. ca. —
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee: IAA Oe?a?ie, 1999. — ? 2. — N. 263 — 268.

8. Aeania N.O., Oea/oe N.A., Aeaaeuei A.A. Yenia?eiaioaeueiua
enneaaeiaaiey e oai?aoe/aneee ?an/ao i?ioeanna ianuuaiey aeenia?niuo
ii?iae cae?aieythuei ?anoai?ii i?e no?oeiie oaoiieiaee // Nai?iee
iao/iuo o?oaeia Iaoeeiiaeueiie ai?iie aeaaeaiee Oe?aeiu. —
Aeiai?i-iao?iane: IAA Oe?aeiu, 1998. — ? 1. — N. 137 — 142.

9. Aeania N.O., Aeaaeuei A.A., Onoeaeoeeee I.A. Oaoiieiaey no?oeiiai
cae?aieaiey aeenia?niuo ii?iae i?e nii?oaeaiee oaooiuo noaieia //
Nai?iee iao/iuo o?oaeia Iaoeeiiaeueiie ai?iie aeaaeaiee Oe?aeiu. —
Aeiai?iiao?iane: IAA Oe?aeiu, 1998. — ? 3. — O. 3. — N. 108 — 112.

Aeania N.O. Oai?ey e oaoiieiaey no?oeiiai cae?aieaiey neaauo ii?iae //
Iaoaeeo?ae/aneay e ai?ii?oaeiay i?iiuoeaiiinoue. — 1997. — ? 1. — n. 4
— 5.

Aeania N.O. Iniiaiua yoaiu ?acaeoey oeceei-oeie/aneeo nii-niaia
cae?aieaiey ii?iae // Iaoaeeo?ae/aneay e ai?ii?oaeiay i?iiuo-eaiiinoue.
— 1997. — ? 2. — N. 17 — 19.

Aeania N.O. Oaeoi?u, aeeythuea ia inaiaiea iiaecaiiiai i?in-o?ainoaa
ai?iaeia // Nai?iee iao/iuo o?oaeia Iaoeeiiaeueiie ai?iie aeaaeaiee
Oe?aeiu. — Aeiai?iiao?iane: IAA Oe?aeiu, 1999. — ? 6.-O.3.-
n. 115 -118.

Iao. 1811726 AC, IEE A 02 Ae 3/12. Niinia cae?aieaiey neaauo
aiaeiianuuaiiuo ii?iae / A.E. Aiiaea?aiei, A.A. Caoa?ia, N.O Aeania,
A.A. O?oaaeia. Cayae. 4.09.90; Iioae. 10.11.92.

Iao. 10333 A Oe?a?ia, IEE A 02 Ae 3/12. Niin?a no?oieiiiai cae??ieaiiy
neaaeeo a??nueeeo ii??ae / A.?. Aiiaea?aiei, N.O. Aeania, A.I.
Ii/aiia, N.A. Oea/oe. Cayae. 22.11.93; Iioae. 25.12.96; Athe. ? 4.

Iao. 15071 A Oe?a?ia, IEE A 02 Ae 3/12. Niin?a no?oieiiiai cae??ieaiiy
neaaeeo a??nueeeo ii??ae / A.? Aiiaea?aiei., N.O Aeania., N.A.
Oea/oe, A.I. Ii/aiia. Cayae. 26.09.94; Iioae. 30.06.97; Athe. ? 3.

Iao. 10392 A Oe?a?ia, IEE A 02 Ae 3112. Niin?a cae??ieaiiy neaaeeo
a??nueeeo ii??ae / A.?. Aiiaea?aiei, N.O. Aeania, A.I. Ii/aiia,
N.A. Oea/oe. Cayae. 10.01.94; Iioae. 25.12.96.; Athe. ? 4.

Iao. 20382 A Oe?a?ia, IEE A 02 Ae 3/12. Niin?a no?oieiiiai cae??ieaiiy
neaaeeo a??nueeeo ii??ae / A.?. Aiiaea?aiei, N.O. Aeania, N.A.
Oea/oe, A.I. Ii/aiia. Cayae. 12.04.96; Iioae. 15.07.97.

Aiiaea?aiei A.E., Aeania N.O., Caoa?ia A.A. Yeaeo?ioeie/aneia
cae?aieaiea ii?iae a ai?iii aeaea. — Aeiai?iiao?iane: Ecae-ai AeAO,
1993. — 212 n.

19. Aeania N.O., Oei/aiei N.A., Aeaaeuei A.A. Aeeyiea yeaeo?i-iaaieoiuo
iieae ia i?i/iinoiua naienoaa cae?aieyaiuo ii?iae aie?oa ai?iuo
au?aaioie // Nai?iee iao/iuo o?oaeia Iaoeeiiaeueiie ai?iie aeaaeaiee
Oe?aeiu. — Aeiai?iiao?iane: IAA Oe?aeiu, 1998. — ? 3. — O. 3. — N. 112 —
114.

Aeania N.O., Ii/aiia A.I. Ii?aaeaeaiea oneiaee onoie/eainoe ?aai/ae
eieiiiu a i?ioeanna ?aaiou no?oeiiai iiieoi?a // Aea?aoeee a oaoieea e
oaoiieiaeyo. — 1998. — ? 3. — n. 31 — 32.

Aiiaea?aiei A.E., Aeania N.O., Aeaaeuei A.A. Ei??iceiiiay onoie/eainoue
aeae?iecieyoeeiiiuo caueoiuo nii?oaeaiee i?e inaiaiee iiaecaiiiai
i?ino?ainoaa // I?iaeaiu e ia?niaeoeau inaiaiey iiaecaiiiai i?ino?ainoaa
e?oiiuo ai?iaeia. — Aeiai?iiao?iane: IAA Oe?aeiu, 1997. — N. 22 — 25.

Aeania N.O., Aa?aaai I.A., Aiaeia? A.E. Cae?aieaiea aiaeiia-nuuaiiuo
ii?iae oaa?aeuie oaeaaiaei?iaeaie ia oaooa “Aa?aieicianeay” // Oaieue
Oe?aeiu. — 1994. — ? 2. — N. 21 — 23.

Aiiaea?aiei A.E., Aeania N.O., Iieiothaeaiei A.N. Oeceei-oeie/aneia
cae?aieaiea ieuaoiiuo ii?iae ia oaooao iauaaeeiaiey
«Aeae-naiae?eyoaieue» // Oaieue Oe?aeiu.- 1988.-?8. — N.21-23.

Aiiaea?aiei A.E., Aeania N.O., Eaiei A.E. Yeaeo?ioeie/aneia cae?aieaiea
oaeenouo aeei // Oaooiia no?ieoaeuenoai.-1989. -?8. — N. 17-18.

25. Aeania N.O., Oei/aiei N.A. I?eiaiaiea o?aaiaiee iaaieoiie
aeae?iaeeiaieee i?e enneaaeiaaiee aeeyiey iniiaiuo iaaieoiuo iieae ia
cae?aieythuea ?anoai?u // Iaoeiaee a?niee.-Aeiai?iiao?iane: IAA Oe?aeiu,
1998. — ?2. — N. 14 — 17.

26. Aeania N.O., Oei/aiei N.A., *eeaeia A.A. Iaoiaeu eiaeeeaoeee
iaaieoiie ia?aaioee cae?aieythueo ?anoai?ia i?e iiauoaiee onoie/eainoe
iniiaaiee noaoeeiia?iuo onoaiiaie // A??ie/a aeaeo?iiaoai?ea oa
aaoiiao?ea: Iaoe.-oaoi. ca. — Aei?i?iiao?ianuee: IAA Oe?a?ie, 1999. — ?
2. — N. 278 — 282.

27. Aeania N.O. Iaoiaeeea e ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiey aeeyiey iaa-ieoiie
ia?aaioee eiuaoee?oaiuo ?anoai?ia ia ea/anoai cae?aieaiey ii?iae. —
Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1993. — 16 n. — Aeai. a AIOA Oe?aeiu 08.12.93,
? 2480.- Oe — 93.

28. Aeania N.O., Oea/oe N.O. Io?aia iiaecaiiuo aiae io i?iiuoeai-iuo
enoi/ieeia caa?yciaiey iooai nicaeaiey i?ioeaioeeueo?aoeeiiiuo caaan //
Oac. aeiee. Anaoe?. iao/.-i?aeo. eiio. “Oai?ey e i?aeoeea ?aoaiey
yeieiae/aneeo i?iaeai a ai?iiaeiauaathuae e iaoaeeo?ae/aneie
i?iiuo-eaiiinoe”. — Aeiai?iiao?iane: EAOI, 1993. — n. 43.

29. Aeania N.O., Caoa?ia A.A. Iiuo cae?aieaiey neaauo iaaiaeiaiiuo
ii?iae i?e i?iaaaeaiee e iiaeaea?aeaiee ai?iuo au?aaioie ia
oaooao II “Aeaenaiae?eyoaieue” // Oac. aeiee. Iaaeaeoia?. neiiic.
“Inaiaiea ianoi?iaeaeaiee ieia?aeueiuo ?ano?nia e iiaecaiiia
no?ieoaeuenoai a neiaeiuo aeae?iaaieiae/aneeo oneiaeyo”. — Aaeai?iae:
AEIAAI, 1991. — n. 31.

30. Aiiaea?aiei A.E., Aeania N.O., Ii/aiia A.I. Ia?niaeoeau
eniieueciaaiey no?oeiie oaoiieiaee cae?aieaiey neaauo iaaiaeiaiiuo
ii?iae i?e inaiaiee iiaecaiiiai i?ino?ainoaa e?oiiuo ai?iaeia // Oac.
aeiee. Iaaeaeoia?. eiio. “I?iaeaiu e ia?niaeoeau inaiaiey iiaecaiiiai
i?ino?ainoaa e?oiiuo ai?iaeia”. — Aeiai?iiao?iane: IAA Oe?aeiu, 1996. —
N. 114 — 115.

31. Aiiaea?aiei A.E., Aeania N.O. Eioaineoeeaoeey oeceei-oeie/aneeo
i?ioeannia iaaieoiie ia?aaioee i?e cae?aieaiee neaauo iaaiaeiaiiuo
ii?iae // Oac. aeiee. ia Iaaeainoaea?noa. eiio. “Oaiei-ianniiaiai e
aeae?iaeeiaieea a oo?aoeaioiuo oa/aieyo”. — Aeoooa: EOO, 1992. — N. 43.

32. Aiiaea?aiei A.E., Aeania N.O. Iiuo i?eiaiaiey iaaieoiie aeoeaaoeee
cae?aieythueo ?anoai?ia i?e ono?aiaiee iineaaenoaee i?i?u-aia ii?iae a
au?aaioeo ia oaooa “Aa?aieicianeay” II “Aeaenaiae?ey-oaieue” // Na. o?.
7-e Iaaeaeoia?. Ieanneie eiio. ii iaaieoiui aeeaeeinoyi. — ?inney.
Ieann: EAYO, 1996. — N. 75 — 76.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a a ?iaioe, iioae?eiaai? o ni?aaaoi?noa?, iieyaa?
a oaeiio: [1-5, 21] — iinoaiiaea caaaeaiiy, aeeiiaiiy oai?aoe/ieo ?
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a; [6] — ?ic?iaea
oaoi?/-iiai caaaeaiiy, ?iai/i? aeieoiaioaoe?? e iiioaae onoaiiaee; [7-9,
19] — ?aeay, iinoaiiaea oe?eae aeine?aeaeaiiy, oai?aoe/i? e
aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?ae-aeaiiy, aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a; [11,12] —
ocaaaeueiaiiy e aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue; [13-17] — oi?ioaaiiy
?aea?, iinoaiiaea caaaeaiiy, iaa?oiooaaiiy a?aei?oieo iciae ? iiaecie;
[18] — oai?aoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee e i?iaaaeaiiy
ie?aieo eaai?aoi?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ?ic?iaea oaoiieia?? e i?iaaaeaiiy
i?iieneiaeo aei?iaoaaiue; [20] — iinoaiiaea caaaeaiiy; [23-28, 30, 31] —
aeeiiaiiy oai?aoe/ieo ?ic?iaie, i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue, aiae?c
?acoeueoao?a; [22, 29, 32] — i?iieneia? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaoeiaeo
?ic?iaie, aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a.

AIIOAOe?ss

Aeania N.O. Oai?aoe/i? oa i?eeeaaei? iniiae no?oieiiiai cae??i-eaiiy
neaaeeo aeenia?nieo ii??ae i?e aaaeaii? a??ie/eo ?ia?o. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca
niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.15.09 — «Iaoai?ea a?oio?a ? a??nueeeo ii??ae».
Iaoe?iiaeueia a??ie/a aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie, Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1999 ?.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? inai?iiy
i?aecaiiiai i?inoi?o aaeeeeo i?no Oe?a?ie ia aac? aeei?enoaiiy
no?oieiii? oaoiieia?? cae??ieaiiy aeenia?nieo ii??ae. O ?iaio?
iaa?oioiaothoueny oai?aoe/i? oa i?eeeaaei? iniiae iiaiai niiniao
iiiiie?/oaaiiy neaaeeo aeenia?nieo ii??ae ca aeiiiiiaith aenieiiai??ieo
no?oiai?a cae??ieyth/eo ?ic/ei?a. Onoaiiaeaii, ui eiai aoaeoeai?noue
aecia/a?oueny ni?aa?aeiioai-iyi aonoioe cae??ieyth/iai ?ic/eio e
u?eueiino? ia?iaethaaii? ii?iaee, oaea?iith a’yce?noth oe??? ii?iaee,
oaeaeeinoyie i?aeiyooy e iaa?oaiiy ?iai/iai ?ino?oiaioa, aeo?aoith ?
oeneii no?oiaiy cae??ieyth/iai ?ic/eio, aaiiao?e/iith oi?iith niiea, ui
oi?io? no?oi?iue.

?ic?iaeai? niiniae, oaoiieia?y e caniae no?oieiiiai cae??ieaiiy
aeenia?nieo ii??ae. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe ciaeoee canoinoaaiiy i?e
i?iaeooaaii? a??ie/eo ae?ia?oie, ui aaaeooueny o neeaaeieo
a??ie/iaaieia?/-ieo oiiaao.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: no?oieiia cae??ieaiiy, aeenia?nia ii?iaea,
cae??i-eyth/? ?ic/eie, onoaiiaea no?oieiiiai cae??ieaiiy.

Aiiioaoeey

Aeania N.O. Oai?aoe/aneea e i?eeeaaeiua iniiau no?oeiiai cae?aieaiey
neaauo aeenia?niuo ii?iae i?e aaaeaiee ai?iuo ?aaio. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii
niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.15.09 – «iaoaieea a?oioia e ai?iuo ii?iae».
Iaoeeiiaeueiay ai?iay aeaaeaiey Oe?aeiu, Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1999 a.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe inaiaiey
iiaecaiiiai i?ino?ainoaa e?oiiuo ai?iaeia Oe?aeiu ia aaca eniieueciaaiey
no?oeiie oaoiieiaee cae?aieaiey aeenia?niuo ii?iae.

Ia iniiaaiee eniieueciaaiey eiiieaeniiai iiaeoiaea, aeeth/athuaai
oai?aoe/aneee aiaeec, iao/iia iaiauaiea, eaai?aoi?iua,
yenia?eiaioaeueiua e i?iiuoeaiiua enneaaeiaaiey n i?eiaiaieai IYAI,
oai?aoe/anee iainiiaaiu ?aai/ea ia?aiao?u no?oeiie oaoiieiaee
cae?aieaiey neaauo aeenia?niuo ii?iae enoiaey ec niioiioaiey ieioiinoae
cae?aieythuaai ?anoai?a e ia?aaaouaaaiie ii?iaeu, oaea?iie ayceinoe yoie
ii?iaeu, nei?inoae iiaeiyoey e a?auaiey ?aai/aai eino?oiaioa, ?anoiaea e
aeaaeaiey cae?aieythuaai ?anoai?a, aaiiao?e/aneie oi?iu niiea,
oi?ie?othuaai no?oth. N iiiiuueth oai?ee oo?aoeaioiuo no?oe iienaiu
naienoaa cae?aieyaiie ii?iaeu, eioi?ua ?aiaa ?anniao?eaaeenue a ?aieao
oai?ee aeeiaieee a?oioia. Yoi iicaieeei onoaiiaeoue caaeneiinoue
eciaiaiey nei?inoe no?oe aaeieue ine aa ?ani?ino?aiaiey e a?aie/iua
oneiaey i?iieeaiey no?oe a aeenia?nioth ii?iaeo. Iieo/ai caeii eciaiaiey
yenia?eiaioaeueiie ooieoeee, aoiaeyuae a oai?eth oo?aoeaioiuo no?oe,
iicaieeaoee o/anoue a oai?aoe/aneeo ?an/aoao ?acieoeo iaaeaeo
ieioiinoueth no?oe cae?aieythuaai ?anoai?a e ieioiinoueth cae?aieyaiie
ii?iaeu. Aeey oa?aeoa?enoeee ianayciuo ii?iae aaaaeaii iiiyoea «oaea?iay
ayceinoue». Onoaiiaeaiu caeiiiia?iinoe aa eciaiaiey aeey nayciuo e
ianayciuo ii?iae a caaeneiinoe io noaiaie eo aeaaeiinoe.

?ac?aaioaia eeanneoeeaoeey neaauo aeenia?niuo ii?iae a caaeneiinoe io
aeoaeiu i?iieeaiey a ieo aunieiiaii?iie no?oe cae?aieythuaai ?anoai?a,
o/eouaathuay oaea?ioth ayceinoue yoeo ii?iae e iicaieythuay
i?iecaiaeeoue i?aaeaa?eoaeueiue auai? niiniaia e oaoiieiae/aneeo
ia?aiao?ia no?oeiiai cae?aieaiey. Noi?ioee?iaaia iiaay e?eoa?eaeueiay
caaeneiinoue, aeeth/athuay aeaeieciaiaiiua e?eoa?ee ?aeiieueaena e
Oo?uea, a oaeaea e?eoa?ee, iienuaathuee niioiioaiea ieioiinoae
cae?aieythuaai ?anoai?a e ia?aaaouaaaiie ii?iaeu, /oi iicaieyao
?ann/eoaoue aeaaeaiea iaaiaoaiey e ?anoiae cae?aieythuaai ?anoai?a,
a?aiy aeaenoaey e aeoaeio i?iieeaiey no?oe aeey iaoo?iuo oneiaee,
enoiaey ec aeaiiuo, iieo/aiiuo a i?ioeanna iiaeaee?iaaiey.

Iainiiaaiu ?aoeeiiaeueiua ia?aiao?u ?anoai?ia ia oeaiaioiii aacena,
iicaieythuea eo i?eiaiyoue a no?oeiie oaoiieiaee e iaania/eaathuea i?e
yoii iaiaoiaeeioth i?i/iinoue cae?aieaiey ii?iaeu. Onoaiiaeaiiua
caeiiiia?iinoe aeeyiey ea/anoaa e eiee/anoaa cae?aieythuaai ?anoai?a ia
i?i/iinoue ii?iaeioeaiaioiuo yeaiaioia iicaieytho ii?aaeaeyoue
?aoeeiiaeueiua ia?aiao?u (nei?inoue a?auaiey e iiaeiyoey ?aai/aai
eino?oiaioa, aeaaeaiea e ?anoiae cae?aieythuaai ?anoai?a) i?e aaaeaiee
ai?iuo ?aaio. Nicaeaiu eiiiuethoa?iua i?ia?aiiu ii ii?aaeaeaieth
oaoiieiae/aneeo ia?aiao?ia no?oeiiai cae?aieaiey ii?iae i?e i?iaaaeaiee
aa?oeeaeueiuo noaieia e ai?eciioaeueiuo au?aaioie iaaeoaieiai
caeiaeaiey; nicaeaiee aeae?iecieyoeeiiiie caaanu aie?oa iiaecaiiuo
eaia?; cae?aieaiee iniiaaiee iiae caeaieyie e nii?oaeaieyie.

?ac?aaioaiu yooaeoeaiua niiniau (iaoaiou ? 1ICCC A; 10392 A; 15071
A;20380 A), oaoiieiaey e n?aaenoaa no?oeiiai cae?aieaiey,
iaania/eaathuea iaiaoiaeeioth aaciianiinoue i?e ?aoaiee ?acee/iuo
ai?iioaoie/aneeo caaea/ a i?ioeanna inaiaiey iiaecaiiiai i?ino?ainoaa
ai?iaeia Oe?aeiu. Ana yoi iicaieeei ?ac?aaioaoue, neiino?oe?iaaoue e
ii?iaiaaoue a iieeaiiiuo oneiaeyo iiuoiue ia?acaoe onoaiiaee ii
no?oeiiio cae?aieaieth aeenia?niuo ii?iae ia aaca ao?iaie O?A-2A-2 e
oanne CEE-131, iicaieythuee auiieiyoue ?aaiou ii cae?aieaieth n
iiaa?oiinoe ia aeoaeio aei 30 i.

?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee a aeaea i?iaeoiuo i?aaeeiaeaiee e
?aeiiaiaeaoeee aiaae?aiu a i?iaeou Aeiai?iaei?ioaoo, Aeiai?iiao?ii?iaeo
e Iao?ioiiiaeueno?ieyei i?e i?iaeoe?iaaiee ai?iuo ?aaio, auiieiyaiuo a
neiaeiuo ai?iiaaieiae/aneeo oneiaeyo.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: no?oeiia cae?aieaiea, aeenia?niay ii?iaea,
cae?aieythuea ?anoai?u, onoaiiaea no?oeiiai cae?aieaiey.

ANNOTATION

Sergey F.Vlasov. Theoretical and applied fundamentals of jet
stabilization of weak dispersible rocks in mining. — Manuscript.

Thesis on competition of a scientific degree of the doctor of
engineering sciences at the speciality 05.15.09-»Grounds and rocks
mechanics». National Mining University of Ukraine,1999.

The thesis is devoted to the problems of assimilation efficiency
increase of underground space of big cities of Ukraine on the basis of
jet stabilization technology use. Theoretical and applied fundamentals
of new weak dispersible rocks stabilization method which uses high
pressure jets of stabilizing solutions, substantiated in the thesis. It
is shown that its efficiency is determined by the ratio of the densities
of the stabilizing solution and treated rock, speed of raising and
rotation of the working tool, consumption and pressure of stabilizing
solution jet, geometric shape of the jet forming nozzle.

Methods, technology and means of jet stabilization of dispersible rocks
are developed. The main results where used in the design of workings,
which have to be driven in difficult mining and geological conditions.

Key words: jet stabilization, dispersible rocks, stabilizing solution,
jet stabilization equipment.

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