Iaoe?iiaeueia aeaaeai?y iaoe Oe?a?ie

?inoeooo e?aa?iaoeee ?iai? A.I. Aeooeiaa

CAEOeAA AAAeEI NA?A?EIAE*

OAeE 669.1-52

OAI?AOE*I? INIIAE ?IC?IAEAIIss

OA CANOINOAAIIss IAOIAe?A, OAOI?*IEO CANIA?A

OA NENOAI ?IOI?IAOe?EII? I?AeO?EIEE ANO ?ANO?NICAA??AATH*EIE
OAOIIEIA?ssIE

A IAOAEO?A?EIIIO AE?IAIEOeOAI

05.13.05 — aeaiaioe oa i?eno?i? ia/enethaaeueii? oaoi?ee oa nenoai
ea?oaaiiy

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy

iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a I?eacianueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoaoi.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe : Caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee Oe?a?ie,

aeieoi? oaoii/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Eiiaeae?a Aiae??e ?aaiiae/,

?inoeooo e?aa?iaoeee ?i. A.I. Aeooeiaa IAI Oe?a?ie, i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee,

aeieoi? oaoii/ieo iaoe

?iiaiiae/ Noai?neaa Naiaiiae/,

?inoeooo i?iaeai iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoei oa nenoai IAI Oe?a?ie, i?ia?aeiee
iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee,

aeieoi? oaoii/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aieei A?oae?e ?aaiiae/,

Aei?i?iaeca?aeeinueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?ith «Aaoiiaoecaoe?y ae?iaie/eo i?ioean?a».

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa : iaoeiai-ae?iaie/a ei?ii?aoe?y «Ee?anueeee ?inoeooo
aaoiiaoeee», aea?aei?aei?e?inoai «Eiiian», I?i?noa?noai i?iieneiai?
iie?oeee Oe?a?ie.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 30.09.1999 ?. i 14 00 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae26.194.03 i?e ?inoeooo? e?aa?iaoeee

?i. A.I. Aeooeiaa IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith :

252680 INI Ee?a 187, i?iniaeo Aeaaeai?ea Aeooeiaa, 40.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiio a?o?a?
?inoeoooo.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?icineaiee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii?

?aaee
?iiaiia A. I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA AeENA?OAOe?EII? ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. I?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa, yeino?
i?iaeoeoe??, ?? iaae?eiino? ?, ye iane?aeie, iie?auaiiy aeiiii?/ieo
iieaciee?a aecia/athoueny ca?ac nooiaiai iniauaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa
eiiieaenieie aaoiiaoeciaaieie nenoaiaie ea?oaaiiy ia aac? oe?ieiai
aeei?enoaiiy ia/enethaaeueii? oa i?e?ii?ioeani?ii? oaoi?ee. Oni?oia
?iaioa ANO aecia/a?oueny nai?/aniei cae?aiiyi, ia?aaea/ath oa
ia?a?iaeith ?ioi?iaoe?? oa i?eeiyooyi ia oe?e iniia? iioeiaeueieo
??oaiue.

Oaoiieia?/i? i?ioeane a /i?i?e iaoaeo?a?? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny nooo?aith
ianoaoe?iia?i?noth a /an?, ui oneeaaeith? aeei?enoaiiy iaoaiaoe/ieo
iiaeaeae ? aeiaaa? ?o iiaeaeueoiai oa aacia?a?aiiai oaeineiiaeaiiy.
Oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae, ye? aeicaieythoue ?aeaioeo?eoaaoe
ianoaoe?iia?iee aeeiai?/iee i?ioean oa oi?aaeyoe oeei i?ioeanii,
noai?aiiy aaeaeaaoieo nenoai ea?oaaiiy iiaeeea? o?eueee ia iniia?
iaea?aeaiiy oa nai?/anii? ia?iaee ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i iioi/i? cia/aiiy
aeo?aeieo ? ao?aeieo aaee/ei.

Aoaeoeaia i?aai?caoe?y ?iaioe oaoiieia?/iiai iaoaeo?a?eiiai eiiieaeno
ia?aaeaa/a? ??oaiiy o?ueio a?oi ea?oth/eo caaaeaiue, ye? a i?aeoe/iiio
a?aeiioaii? ooai?ththoue o?e ??ai?.

Aei aeuiai ??aiy iaeaaeaoue caaaeaiiy i?aai?caoe??, neio?ii?caoe?? oa
eii?aeeiaoe?? ie?aieo oaoiieia?/ieo ae?eyiie oa ae?iaieoeoa.

Aei na?aaeiueiai ??aiy iaeaaeaoue caaaeaiiy iioei?caoe?? ie?aieo
ae?eyiie oa i?ioean?a. Aei ieae/iai ???a?o?/iiai ??aiy iaeaaeaoue
caaaeaiiy eiio?ieth oa noaa?e?caoe?? ie?aieo ?aaeeiieo ia?aiao??a.

Ine?eueee ieae/ee ??aaiue i?aai?caoe?? ?iaioe oaoiieia?/iiai eiiieaeno
iiaea ooieoe?iioaaoe naiino?eii, oiae? ye na?aaei?e oa aeuee ia iiaeooue
ooieoe?iioaaoe aac ieae/iai, c?icoi?ei, ui ?ica(ycaiiy caaaeaiue
eiio?ieth ? iaa?ae(?iiith neeaaeiaith /anoeiith ANO aoaeue-yeiai aeaeo.

O i?ieaoiiio ae?iaieoeoa? iaeiei ?c caoiae?a, yeee ni?yiiaaiee ia
aeei?enoaiiy aioo??oi?o ?aca?a?a, ? cieaeaiiy ao?ao i?eaeaoiiai iaoaeo c
ia??ccth ? i?e i?ieaooe? c iethniaeie aeiioneaie. Cacia/ai? ao?aoe
aeieeathoue /a?ac oa, ui ethaeeia, yea o a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a ca?ac
ea?o? oaoiieia?/iei iioieii, ia caaaeaee iiaea i?eeiaoe iioeiaeuei?
??oaiiy.

Aiae?c iieaco?, ui ao?aoe i?eaeaoiiai iaoaeo c ia??ccth ? i?e i?ieaooe?
c iethniaeie aeiioneaie iiaeia ciaioeoe. Ae??oaeueia cia/aiiy i?e
oeueiio ia? i?aeaeuaiiy oi/iino? ?aae?caoe?? oaoiieia?/ieo iia?aoe?e ia
an?o ae?eyieao i?ieaoii? ia?a?iaee, ye? aoiaeyoue o iioi/io e?i?th.

Aeo?aoi? eiao?oe??ioe iaoaeo i?e ae?iaieoeoa? i?ieaoo, yeee
?ice?ith?oueny i??ieie aeiaaeeiaie, a ia?a?iaieo oeaoao nooo?ai
caeaaeaoue a?ae ia?aiao??a caaioiaie, ye? iaaeoiaeyoue ?c caaioiai/iiai
noaio aai IAEC. Aeoiaey/e ?c oiiae i?i?ioio ao?ao o ia?a?iaiiio oeaoo ?
a?aoiaoth/e oaoiieia?/i? oiiae i?ieaoee, iiaeia ?ic?iaeoe aeiiae aei
?ice?ith iaoaeo ia caaioiai/ieo noaiao oa IAEC. O naith /a?ao ci?ia
ia?aiao??a caaioiaie aieeaa? ia ?aoe?iiaeueio aaao ceeoe?a, ye?
iaaeoiaeyoue ia caaioiai/iee noai. O?ainii?oi? ia?aaacaiiy i?ae oeaoaie
ia iaoaeo?a?eiiio i?aei?e?inoa? iiaeooue ?icaeyaeaoeny ye oaoiieia?/i?
ae?eyiee a caaaeueiiio eaioethc? ia?a?iaee. Oaeeie ae?eyieaie ?,
iai?eeeaae, ia?aaacaiiy ?icieaaeaiiai /aaoio ?c aeiiaiiiai oeaoo a
ia?oai?anueeee oa eiiaa?oi?iee oeaoe, oi/i?oa a ?o i?ena?i? a?aeae?eaiy,
ia?aaacaiiy aaeiia?aoo, ieaoeo?a, aaiia, eieno oa ?ioeo c i?noeue ?o
ae?iaieoeoaa, ia?aaacaiiy ?icieaaeaiiai oeaeo aei i?noeue eiai ia?a?iaee
oiui. Icia/ai? ae?eyiee ia iaoaeo?a?eiiio i?aei?e?inoa?
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iaaiith e?euee?noth o?ainii?oieo cania?a (/aaoiiaici?
oa oeaeiaici? eiao?, oiia?e aeey ia?aaacaiue neieeo ?a/iaei, eieniaice
oa ?i.).

Ia?ae?/ai? o?ainii?oi? caniae aenieoaoothoueny ia oa?eoi???
iaoaeo?a?eiiai eiia?iaoo ?, ye i?aaeei, ca iaae? i?aei?e?inoaa ia
aeoiaeyoue. E??i o?ainii?oieo cania?a, ye? ia aeoiaeyoue ca iaae?
i?aei?e?inoaa, aeey ii?iaeueii? ?iaioe aeei?enoiaothoueny iino?ei?
o?ainii?oi? caniae aeey ia?aaacaiiy ne?iaeie, caaioiaie oa aioiai?
i?iaeoeoe?? a?ae i?noeue ae?iaieoeoaa aei i?noeue aeei?enoaiiy i?ae
i?aei?e?inoaaie, ye? ?icoaoiaai?, ye i?aaeei, a ??cieo i?noeyo. O
oeueiio aeiaaeeo o?ainii?oi? caniae ciooai? /anoeio naiai oeyoo
cae?enithaaoe cae?cieoeath nenoaie I?i?noa?noaa oeyo?a niieo/aiiy.

Aeey aaoiiaoecaoe?? eiio?ieth ca ?ooiieie ia(?eoaie cae?cie/iiai
o?ainii?oo aeieeea ? aeoaea aeooaeueiith ? iaiao?aei?noue c/eooaaiiy
?ioi?iaoe?? c oeeo ia(?eo?a. Noai?aiiy oaoi?/ieo cania?a eiio?ieth ca
i?noeaciaoiaeaeaiiyi aaaii?a oa caeiyo?noth ae?eyiie cae?cie/ieo eie?e
aeicaiey? oni?oii ?ica(ycoaaoe ?yae caaaeaiue, ye? iia(ycai? c
aaoiiaoecaoe??th iia?aoe?e iae?eo e?eueeino? a?oc?a, ye? ia?aaicyoueny c
aeei?enoaiiyi o?ainii?oieo cania?a.

Aaoi? ?icaeyaea? ??ci? oaoiieia?/i? ae?eyiee o ca(yceo c oei, ui
i?eno?i?, cai?iiiiiaai? aeey ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy ANO OI ia oeeo
ae?eyieao, aeei?enoiaothoue o? nai? yaeua oa eiino?oeoe?? i?eno?i?a, ye?
noai?ththoueny c ??ciith iaoith, iathoue aaaaoi ni?eueiiai. Aeey
noai?aiiy iiaeo cania?a oa i?eno?i?a aaoi? i?iiiio? a?eueo oe?iei
aeei?enoiaoaaoe yaeua, ye? aeieeathoue i?e iioe?aii? oa a?aeaeoo?
aeonoe/ieo oa aeaeo?iiaai?oieo oaeeue.

Ia?a?aoiaai? i?eeeaaee oaoiieia?/ieo ae?eyiie aae i?ye ia ae/a?iothoue
iaiao?aeiino? oa iiaeeeaino? cai?iiiiiaaieo cania?a oa i?eno?i?a, a
iaaaaeai? eeoa aeey ?ethno?aoe?? aoaeoeaiino? ?o aeei?enoaiiy c iaoith
eiio?ieth oa aei??thaaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith aeonoe/ieo oa aeaeo?iiaai?oieo
oaeeue.

O aeena?oaoe?? iaaiaeyoueny iiene aeayeeo ?ioeo i?eno?i?a aaoiiaoe/iiai
eiio?ieth oa oi?ioaaiiy iaiao?aeii? ?ioi?iaoe??, ye? ?ic?iaeai? c
aaciina?aaeiueith o/anoth aaoi?a, ye? ? iaeieie c ia?oeo ?ic?iaie o oe?e
aaeoc?, i?aaenoaaeythoue iaaiee ?ioa?an ? nueiaiaei?.

Ca(ycie ?iaioe n iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa aeeiioaaeanue o a?aeiia?aeiino? c aea?aeaaieie i?ia?aiaie ii
noai?aiith ANO ?ano?nicaa??aath/eie oaoiieia?yie, cie?aia c aeiaiai?ii
i?ae I?eacianueeei aea?aeaaiei oi?aa?neoaoii oa I?i?noa?noaii
i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie «Noai?aiiy nenoaie noaa?e?caoe?? aaae eeoeo neya?a
ia IAEC» ?I-010209 a?ae 30.06.95 oa aeiaiai?aie c iaoaeo?a?eieie
i?aei?e?inoaaie Oe?a?ie.

Iaoa ? iai?yiie aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ?
ae??oaiiy iaoeiai? oa i?aeoe/ii? i?iaeai noai?aiiy iiaeo iaoiae?a,
oaoii/ieo cania?a oa nenoai ?ioi?iaoe?eii? i?aeo?eiee no/anieo ANO
?ano?nicaa??aath/eie oaoiieia?yie a iaoaeo?a?eiiio ae?iaieoeoa?.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe a ?iaio? ae??oothoueny oae? caaaeaiiy:

1. Aecia/aiiy ia iniia? oai?aoe/ieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue
iniiaieo /eiiee?a, ye? aieeaathoue ia aaee/eio ao?ao ia ia?aieo
oaoiieia?/ieo ae?eyieao ae?iaieoeoaa.

2. Aea?? ia?aiao??a oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a oa ae?ia?a, ye?
i?aeeyaathoue eiio?ieth, oa oi/iino? ?o aecia/aiiy ia iniia? aiae?co
iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae oa oaoiieia?/ieo ?ino?oeoe?e.

3. ?ic?iaea iiaeo cania?a oa i?eno?i?a aeey eiio?ieth ia?aieo ia?aiao??a
? canoinoaaiiy ?o o ae?iaie/eo oiiaao.

4. ?ic?iaea aaoiiaoe/ieo nenoai aeey cieaeaiiy ao?ao ae?iaieoeoaa ia
iniia? aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo i?eno?i?a.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue. Ioe?iea i?aaeeueiino? oa aoaeoeaiino? ?ic?iaie
ia an?o noaae?yo cae?enithaaeany ia iniia? aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?
oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue. O aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoaiee iaoaiaoe/iee
aia?ao oai??? eiia??iinoae, /enaeuei? iaoiaee ?ica(ycaiiy
aeeoa?aioe?aeueieo ??aiyiue o /anoeiaeo iio?aeieo, e?i?eii? aeaaa?e oa
iao?eoeue, aaeoi?iee aiae?c.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe. A ?iaio? io?eiai? ianooii? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe:

1. Noi?ioeueiaai? aeiiae aei aeaeo ? oi/iino? ao?aeii? ?ioi?iaoe?? oa
aeiaaaeaia iiaeeea?noue noai?aiiy aaoiiaoe/ii? nenoaie aeicoaaiiy
caaioiaie ca ianith ia iniia? aeei?enoaiiy cania?a, noai?aieo aaoi?ii.

2. ?ic?iaeaia i?ea?iaeueia nenoaia aeey ?aae?caoe?? ?ice?ith caaioiaie
ca ianith, aeoiaey/e c i?i?ioio ao?ao.

3. Ia iniia? aiae?co no/aniiai noaio ANO ia i?iieneiaiio o?ainii?o?
oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaia iaiao?aei?noue noai?aiiy cania?a aaoiiaoe/iiai
c/eooaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? c ?ooiieo ia(?eo?a oa eiio?ieth ca ?o
i?noeaciaoiaeaeaiiyi.

4. ?ic?iaeaiee eiiieaeniee ?ioi?iaoe?eiee e?eoa??e, ui aeicaiey?
ii??aithaaoe oaoi?/i? caniae eiio?ieth oa aei??thaaiiy ca oaeeie
ia?aiao?aie, ye oi/i?noue, iaae?ei?noue, oaeaeeiae?y oa aeiiii?/i?
iieacieee.

5. Oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaia iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy yaeu ?ioa?oa?aioe??
oa aeeo?aeoe?? aeonoe/ieo oaeeue aeey aei??thaaiiy aaiiao?e/ieo ?ici???a
aeonoenoe/ii iai?ici?eo o?e.

6. Oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaia iiaeeea?noue aei??thaaiiy a?aenoaiae c
aeiiiiiaith aeonoe/ieo oaeeue o iaiaeii??aeiiio iia?o?yiiio na?aaeiaeu?
oa ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea oaeeo aei??thaaiue.

7. Aeine?aeaeaia i?iiaiaaa ea?oeia i?e ii?iaeueiiio oa iioeeiio
iaae?ii? aeonoe/ieo oaeeue o iaiaeii??aeieo na?aaeiaeuao, cie?aia
iiaeeco iiaa?oi? iaa??oiai o?ea.

8. ?ic?iaeai? iia? niiniae oa i?eno?i? eiio?ieth oa aei??thaaiiy ca
aeiiiiiaith aeonoe/ieo oaeeue,o oiio /ene? cania? iae?eo ae?ia?a,
aaceiioaeoiiai aei??thaaiiy a?aenoaiae, aei??thaaiiy a?aenoaiae aei
iiaa?oi? iaa??oiai o?ea, aecia/aiiy oai?aoe/iiai ?aae?ona ?oeiio a
i?ioean? iaiioee aeiaaii??iiai iaoa??aeo, aecia/aiiy iaoiaiai iiiaioo
?oeiio nioae a i?ioean? iaiioee oa i?eeaae aeey c/eooaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? c
eiaeiaeo ieanoei ?ooiieo ia(?eo?a.

9. Oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaia iiaeeea?noue ia?aaea/? aia?a?? a eiioo?, ui
?ooa?oueny, aeinoaoiuei? aeey ?iaioe eiaeiaeo aeao/ee?a, ca aeiiiiiaith
aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey.

10. Cai?iiiiiaaia a?eueo ?aoe?iiaeueia ii??aiyii c iaoiaeii
?ioaa?aeueieo ??aiyiue iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo ia?aaea/? aia?a?? a nenoai?
c aeaio eiioo??a.

11. Oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaia iiaeeea?noue aei??thaaiiy a?aenoaiae aei
iiaa?oi? i?ia?aeiiai o?ea ca aeiiiiiaith nenoai ?c aeaio eiioo??a (ui
?iaeoeoo? aeaeo?iiaai?oia iiea oa aei??thaaeueiee).

12. ?ic?iaeai? iia? caniae oa i?eno?i? eiio?ieth oa aei??thaaiiy ca
aeiiiiiaith aeaeo?iiaai?oieo iie?a, o oiio /ene? i?eno?i? aeey
c/eooaaiiy ??cii? ?ioi?iaoe?? c ?ooiieo ia(?eo?a cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo
(iino?eia, ui oi?io?oueny ia ia(?eo?, ci?iia), e?aieiaee eie?eiee
aeao/ee, nenoaia eiio?ieth caeiyoino? cae?cie/ii? eie??.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iia? caniae oa i?eno?i?
aeicaieythoue iie?aueoe ?ioi?iaoe?eio i?aeo?eieo ANO.

A?eueoa oiai, aac oeeo cania?a oa i?eno?i?a noai?aiiy aeayeeo ANO OI o
i?eioeei? oo?oaeiaia. Aei oaeeo ANO OI iiaeia a?aeianoe nenoaie, ye?
caaacia/othoue io?eiaiiy caaioiaie caaeaii? iane, nenoaie noaaeaiiy ca
?ooiieie ia(?eoaie cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo, nenoaie aecia/aiiy ??aiy
?icieaao a /aaoiiaicieo ? noaea?iceeaieo eiaoao, a?eueo oi/iiai iae?eo
aaioaaeiiioie?a.

?aae?caoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. Ia iniia? ?ic?iaeaieo cania?a oa
i?eno?i?a noai?ai? oa ai?iaaaeaeai?

1. Oaeineiiaeaia aaoiiaoe/ia nenoaia aaaiaiai aeicoaaiiy caaioiaie ia
iiaeeoeyo aethi?iaa 1170 eiia?iaoo «Acianoaeue».

2. Aia?aoo?a eiio?ieth iieiaeaiiy aaaiia o aaaiiiia?aeeaea/aa?
Ia??oiieuenueeiai ii?nueeiai ii?oo.

3. Aeonoe/iee i?eno??e aeey eiio?ieth iayaiino? iaoaeo.

4. Oaeineiiaeaia nenoaia ea?oaaiiy eaoo/eie iiaeeoeyie ia eiia?iao?
?i.?ee?/a.

5. Nenoaia aeey aei??thaaiiy ??aiy ?icieaao a /aaoiiaicieo eiaoao

6. Nenoaia aeey aei??thaaiiy caci?o i?ae aaeeaie oa iiaiaeaeaiiy
e?i?eieo oaeaeeinoae aaee?a o eenoii?ieaoiiio oeaoo 4500 IE ?i.?ee?/a.

O aeine?aeio aenieoaoaoe?th aoea ai?iaaaeaeaia nenoaia aaoiiaoe/iiai
c/eooaaiiy iiia??a aaaii?a i?e caaaeoaaii? aaioaae?a ia aaaao o
cae?cie/iiio oeaoo IE»Acianoaeue».

I?aaeeuei?noue oai?aoe/ieo aeniiae?a oa i?aeoe/io oe?ii?noue ?ic?iaie
aaoi?a i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue ?acoeueoaoe aei?iaoaaiue o i?iieneiaeo oiiaao,
a naia:

1. Aei?iaoaaiiy aia?aoo?e aaoiiaoe/iiai c/eooaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe??
aeaeo?iiii?iaeoeoe?eiiai i?eioeeio ae??, ?ic?iaeaii? I?eacianueeei
aea?aeaaiei oaoi?/iei oi?aa?neoaoii c ia?anoaiiai ii?caea ia
aenia?eiaioaeueiiio e?eueoe? no.Ua?aeiea.

2. Aei?iaoaaiiy iaeaoiiai c?acea nenoaie aaoiiaoe/iiai c/eooaaiiy
?ioi?iaoe?? c ia?anoaiiai ii?caea a I?inueeiio iao?iiie?oai?.

3. I?eeiaeuei? aei?iaoaaiiy eie?eii? iaaeae? (?aaa?neaiiai eie?eiiai
aeao/eea eiio?ieth oiaeaeaiiy ia?anoaiiai ii?caea) ia
aenia?eiaioaeueiiio e?eueoe? no.Ua?aeiea.

4. Aeine?aeii-i?iieneia? aei?iaoaaiiy nenoaie aacia?a?aiiai eiio?ieth
oe?eie eeno?a o i?ioean? i?ieaoee a eenoii?ieaoiiio oeaoo 4500 IE
?i.?ee?/a.

5. I?eeiaeuei? aei?iaoaaiiy nenoaie aaoiiaoe/iiai c/eooaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe??
c ia?anoaiiai ii?caea a I?inueeiio iao?iiie?oai?.

6. Iiia?aaei? aei?iaoaaiiy iiaea?i?ciaaii? aeaeo?iiii?iaeoeoe?eii?
nenoaie c/eooaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? c ia?anoaiiai ii?caea ia no.Ua?aeiea.

On? ia?ae?/ai? caoiaee ii ai?iaaaeaeaiith oa aei?iaoaaiiyi nenoai
i?aeoaa?aeaeothoueny aeoaie ai?iaaaeaeaiiy, aeoaie oa i?ioieieaie
aei?iaoaaiue. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeei?enoiaothoueny a iaa/aeueiiio
i?ioean? a eaeoe?eieo eo?nao «Oai?aoe/i? iniiae aeaeo?iaaoiiaoeee»,
«Iniiae aaoiiaoecaoe??, ANO oa canoinoaaiiy i?e?ii?ioeani??a», «ANO
i?iieneiaei o?ainii?oii», a oaeiae o eaai?aoi?iiio i?aeoeeoi?, eo?niaiio
oa aeeieiiiiio i?iaeooaaii? i?e i?aeaioiaoe? niaoe?ae?no?a ca
niaoe?aeuei?noth «Aaoiiaoecaoe?y oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a oa
ae?iaieoeoa».

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeiinyoueny aei caoenoo.

1. Ia iniia? aiae?co oaoiieia?/ieo oiia oa ?ino?oeoe?e iaa?oioiaai?
oaoi?/i? ??oaiiy, ye? aeieeathoue i?e ae?iaieoeoa? i??iiai i?ieaoo ?
noai?aii? oaoi?/ieo cania?a oa nenoai ?aae?caoe?? oeeo ??oaiue.

2. Oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaai? iniiae noai?aiiy iaoiae?a oa oaoi?/ieo
cania?a ?ioi?iaoe?eii? i?aeo?eiee no/anieo ANO, ye? aeei?enoiaothoue
aeonoe/i? oaee?.

3. Oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaai? iniiae noai?aiiy iaoiae?a, oaoi?/ieo cania?a
oa nenoai ?ioi?iaoe?eii? i?aeo?eiee no/anieo ANO, ye? aeei?enoiaothoue
aeaeo?iiaai?oi? iiey oa oaee?.

4. Eiiieaen cania?a oa i?eno?i?a aeey aeyaeaiiy ae?ia?a, eiio?ieth oa
aei??thaaiiy a?aenoaiae oa aaiiao?e/ieo ?ici???a ae?ia?a, o oiio /ene?
a iaiaeii??aeieo na?aaeiaeuao.

5. Eiiieaen cania?a aeey c/eooaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? c ia?anoaieo ia(?eo?a,
ye? ia iathoue aaoiiiiieo aeaea?ae aeeaeaiiy, aeey aeyaeaiiy ia?anoaieo
ia(?eo?a cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo oa eiio?ieth caeiyoino? ae?eyiie
cae?cie/ii? eie??.

6. Eiiieaen i?eno?i?a aeey io?eiaiiy oa ia?iaee oaoiieia?/ii?
?ioi?iaoe?? c iaoith noai?aiiy eieaeueieo ANO OI oa ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
caaacia/aiiy ANO a?eueo aenieeo ??aiae.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa oa ie?ai? ?? ?icae?ee
aeiiia?aeaeeny oa iaaiai?thaaeeny ia Ananithci?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? «?ic?iaea oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ANO i?ieaoieie noaiaie»
(Iineaa, 1975), ia ?anioae?eainuee?e i?aeaaeocaa?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? «Oeyoe nei?i/aiiy canoinoaaiiy ?o/ii? oa oyaeei?, a oaeiae
iaeaae?o?eiaaii? i?aoe? » (Ee?a, 1975), ia Ananithci?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? «Aaoiiaoecaoe?y eenoiaeo noai?a aa?y/i? i?ieaoee» (Iineaa,
1977), ia Ananithci?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «I?ia?aneai?
oaoiieia?/i? i?ioeane o ae?iaieoeoa? oieiaeiieaoaiiai eenoa» (E?iaoeuee,
1985), ia Ananithci?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «?ic?iaea oa
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ANO OI o i?ieaoiiio ae?iaieoeoa?» (Iineaa, 1987), ia
Ananithci?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Caaaeaiiy oaoi?/iiai
ia?aica?i?iiy eenoii?ieaoiiai ae?iaieoeoaa» (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1987),
ia Ananithci?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e ia?aae? «Ea?oaaiiy ia?aaacaiiyie ia
iniia? aaoiiaoecaoe?? c/eooaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? c ia?anoaiiai iioyao»
(?inoia-ia-Aeiio, 1990), ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo
i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo AEaeaiianueeiai iaoaeo?a?eiiai
?inoeoooo (I?eacianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo)
(Ia??oiieue, 1977-1988, 1990-1999) oa ?i.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
oanoe aeaa, aeniiaeo, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e ?c 162 iaeiaioaaiue oa
aeiaeaoeo.

Ianya aeena?oaoe?? neeaaea? 314 noi??iie, c yeeo iniiaiee ci?no
aeeeaaeaii ia 273 noi??ieao ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo, 84 ?enoiee, 7
oaaeeoeue.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe iioae?eiaaiee o 18 noaooyo o
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo aeo?iaeao, o 15 aaoi?nueeeo na?aeioeoaao oa iaoaioao,
o 11 oacao aeiiia?aeae ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe?EII? ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie, noi?ioeueiaai? iaoa oa
iai?yiie aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?ic?iaie, aeeeaaeai? caaaeueia
oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe, a?aeiiino? i?i ai?iaaoe?th ?iaioe oa noeneee
ci?no ?iaioe.

O ia?o?e aeaa? ia iniia? ia?iaee aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo oa aiae?co
iaea?aeaieo aeaieo ae?iaeai? aeiiae aei ianyao ? oi/iino? ?ioi?iaoe??,
iaiao?aeii? aeey noai?aiiy ANO OI, i?i?i?coth/i? ao?aoe i?e ae?iaieoeoa?
i??iiai i?ieaoo (?aeie oa eeno?a).

I?e i?ieaooe? i??iiai i?ieaoo aeey cieaeaiiy ao?ao iaiao?aeii, ii-ia?oa,
noaa?e?coaaoe iano caaioiaie oa aaao iiaiiiiai iao?a (i.i.) i?ieaoo c
oei, uia aeenia?n?? oeeo aeiaaeeiaeo aaee/ei aoee cieaeai? aei iiaeeeai
iaioeo cia/aiue, ii-ae?oaa, cae?enieoe i?ieaoeo a iie? i?ioniaeo
aeiione?a, a?aoiaoth/e i?e oeueiio, ui aaee/eia aeiioneo, yea aecia/a?
i?i?ioi ao?ao, caeaaeeoue a?ae aaae eeoi? caaioiaee oa oiaueie eeno?a,
ui i?ieaoothoueny.

Ca oaeeo oiia iana caaioiaie iiaeiia aooe i?eaeecii 1,01Qiii, aea Qiii –
iii?iaeueia iana caaioiaie.

Aei??thaaiiy aaiiao?e/ieo ?ici???a i?ieaoo iaiao?aeii cae?enithaaoe c
oaeith oi/i?noth:

oiaueia eeno?a (0,1ii;

oiaueia oa oe?eia caaioiaie (1ii;

aeiaaeeia caaioiaie (5ii.

I?e iaiiooe? nioa iaoaeo a ?oeii aeieea? i?iaeaia aecia/aiiy iioi/iiai
cia/aiiy ?aae?ona ?oeiio, ui iaiioo?oueny. Oey ?ioi?iaoe?y iaiao?aeia
aeey aecia/aiiy iioi/iiai cia/aiiy iaoiaiai iiiaioo ?oeiio a i?ioean?
iaiioee.

Iaoiaee iiiaio iioaeee c ?oeiiii Ig aaoi? i?iiiio? aecia/aoe ca
oi?ioeith

(1)

aea GD2i — iaoiaee iiiaio iioaeee;

g — i?enei?aiiy neee aaae;

( — ieoiia aaaa iaoaeo;

b — oe?eia nioae;

Rpi — iioi/ia cia/aiiy ?aae?ona ?oeiio;

hi — oiaueia nioae o ?-io aeoeo;

? — ii?yaeeiaee iiia? aeoea;

ni — oaeaee?noue iaa?oaiiy iioaeee.

?aae?on ?oeiia Rpi i?iiiio?ony aecia/eoe c ae?aco

(2)

aea L — a?aenoaiue a?ae in? iioaeee aei i?noey onoaiiaee
aei??thaaeueiiai ia?aoai?thaa/a;

xi — aei??yia a?aenoaiue a?ae iiaa?oi? iaiiooaaiiai iaoa??aeo aei
i?noey onoaiiaee aei??thaaeueiiai ia?aoai?thaa/a.

Eiiieaen i?eno?i?a aeey nenoai eieaeueii? aaoiiaoecaoe?? noaio 4500 IE
?i.?ee?/a ?ic?iaeaiee c iaoith aaoiiaoecaoe?? iia?aoe?e ii eiio?ieth ca
iioi/ieie cia/aiiyie aeayeeo aaaeeeaeo ia?aiao??a i?ieaoee. Ca
caaaeaiiyi iaiao?aeii aoei ?ic?iaeoe nenoaie aeey aei??thaaiiy coneeue
i?e i?ieaooe?, aeey aei??thaaiiy caci?a i?ae aaeeaie, iiaiaeaeaiiai
ea?oaaiiy aieiaiei i?eaiaeii oa aaeeaie, nenoaio aeey aei??thaaiiy
oe?eie eeno?a.

Ocaaaeueithth/e aeeeaaeaia o ia?o?e aeaa?, iaiao?aeii cacia/eoe
ianooiia:

1. Ia iniia? aiae?co caeaaeiino? ao?ao, ye? aeieeathoue i?e ae?iaieoeoa?
i??iiai i?ieaoo, aeiaeaeai? iioeiaeuei? cia/aiiy noaoenoe/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee aaae caaioiaie ? aaae i.i. aioiaiai i??iiai i?ieaoo, ye?
caaacia/othoue i?i?ioi ao?ao.

2. Ia iniia? aiae?co caeaaeiinoae aaae i.i. aioiaiai i??iiai i?ieaoo
a?ae oi/iino? aecia/aiiy aaae caaioiaie, aeiaaeeie ?iceaoee oa
oaiia?aoo?e iaoaeo noi?ioeueiaai? aeiiae aei oi/iino? aeicoaaiiy
caaioiaie ca ianith ? aei oi/iino? aei??thaaeueieo i?eno?i?a.

3. Io?eiai? aiae?oe/i? ae?ace aeey aecia/aiiy aeeiai?/iiai iiiaioo
iioaeee c ?oeiiii ?c aeei?enoaiiyi ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i ?aae?on ?oeiio, ui
io?eiai? aiane?aeie i?yieo aei??thaaiue.

4. Noenei noi?ioeueiaai? aeiiae aei nenoai eieaeueii? aaoiiaoecaoe?? ia
noai? 4500 IE ?i.?ee?/a.

O ae?oa?e aeaa? ia iniia? aiae?co ia?aaacaiue ia ie?aieo ae?eyieao
noi?ioeueiaai? aeiiae aei ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy ANO.

I?iaiae?ciaaia o?ainii?ooaaiiy ??aeeiai /aaoio a /aaoiiaicieo eiaoao ?c
aeiiaiiiai oeaoo a eiiaa?oi?iee oa ia?oai?anueeee oeaoe, ia?aaacaiiy
aaeiia?aoo ia ae?eyioe? aaeioaa?eea — aeiiaiiee oeao, ia?aaacaiiy eieno
ia ae?eyioe? eienio?i?/iee caaiae — aeiiaiiee oeao.

Iaaaaeai? iaoa??aee ca noaiii oa oaiaeaioe?yie ?icaeoeo ANO
o?ainii?oieie ia?aaacaiiyie ia cae?cie/iiio o?ainii?o?.

Iaei??th ?c aoceiaeo i?iaeai ? i?aaeeueiee aea?? cania?a oa i?eno?i?a
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy ANO.

Aei oaeeo iaiao?aeii a?aeianoe i?eno?i? aaoiiaoe/iiai c/eooaaiiy
?ioi?iaoe?? c ia?anoaieo ia(?eo?a, o oiio /ene? ?ioi?iaoe?? ci?iii? oa
oaei?, ui oi?io?oueny ia ia?anoaiiio ia(?eo?, i?eno?i? eiio?ieth
caeiyoino? ae?eyiee cae?cie/ii? eie?? ia iniia? canoinoaaiiy e?aieiaeo
eie?eieo aaceiioaeoieo aeao/ee?a, i?eno?i?a aaoiiaoe/iiai caaaeoaaiiy
aaioaae?a oa ?i.

I?e ia?aaacaiiyo ??aeeiai /aaoio aaeeea cia/aiiy ia? cieaeaiiy ao?ao
oaiea. Ia oaieia? ao?aoe oa, a e?ioeaaiio i?aenoieo, ia oaiia?aoo?o
/aaoio, yeee ceeaa?oueny a i?ena?, iaea?eueoiai aieeao iaaea? iana
/aaoio, yeee iaeeaa?oueny a e?ao, /an o?ainii?ooaaiiy iaiiaiaieo oa
ii?iaei?o eiao?a, ao?aoe i?e iaeea? oa ceea? eiao?a, o a?aeae?eaiiyo
aeanoeueoo?aoe?? oa nea/oaaiiy oeaeo.

Eiio?ieue e?eueeino? /aaoio, ui iaeeaa?oueny a e?ao, iiaeeeaee aai
oeyoii aei??thaaiiy ??aiy ?icieaao, aai oeyoii eiai caaaeoaaiiy.
Nei?i/aiiy /ano o?ainii?ooaaiiy iiaeeeai i?e noai?aii? nenoaie noaaeaiiy
ca i?noeai ciaoiaeaeaiiy iaeeoeo oa ii?iaei?o eiao?a, aeey /iai
iaiao?aeii iaeaaeiaoe eiao? i?eno?iyie aeey c/eooaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i
?o iiia?, a oaeiae iaeaaeiaoe i?eno?iyie eiio?ieth caeiyoino? eie?? an?
oaoiieia?/i? ae?eyiee i?e o?ainii?ooaaii? eiao?a.

I?e ia?aaacaii? aaeiia?aoo oa eieno aeey oi/iiai iae?eo aaioaae?a, ui
ia?aaicyoueny, iaiao?aeiee iiaaaiiiee eiio?ieue.

Iaeaaeiaiiy eiaeiiai oiia?a eieniaico i?eno?iyie aeey c/eooaaiiy
?ioi?iaoe?? i?i ?o iiia? aeicaieeoue aanoe iiaaaiiiee iae?e ?o oa?e
(aaaa oa?e eieeaa?oueny a iaaeao 0,5 — 1,5 o ca ?aooiie caeeoe?a
neieeo), aaae a?oooi, iio?i ca aeiiiiiaith ?OM ia/enethaaoe aaao iaooi,
a?aoiaoaaoe caaaeueio e?euee?noue ia?aaacaiiai iaoa??aeo ca ci?io,
aeiao, oeaeaeaiue oiui.

O o?ao?e aeaa? c?iaeaiee aiae?c ?nioth/eo cania?a oa i?eno?i?a
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy ANO oa ia?aiee iai?yiie iiaeaeueoeo
?ic?iaie.

O i?ioean? ?ic?iaee ANO aeieea? i?iaeaia aeai?o cania?a ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
caaacia/aiiy c oeo, ui aaea ?niothoue aai iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaee iiaeo
i?eno?i?a aeey io?eiaiiy iaiao?aeii? ?ioi?iaoe??. Aeey ii??aiyeueii?
ioe?iee ??cieo aei??thaaeueieo i?eno?i?a aaoi? i?iiiio? aeei?enoiaoaaoe
eiiieaeniee ?ioi?iaoe?eiee e?eoa??e

(3)

aea qu — e?euee?noue ?ioi?iaoe??, yea io?eiaia aiane?aeie aei??thaaiiy;

( — ?ioaineai?noue a?aeiia an?o aeaiaio?a, ye? aoiaeyoue o neeaae
i?eno?ith;

n — eoi?aaeueia aa?o?noue (oe?ia) i?eno?ith;

v — oaeaeeiae?y.

E?euee?noue ?ioi?iaoe?? qu, yea io?eiaia aiane?aeie aei??thaaiiy,
aei??aith? niaaeo iaaecia/aiino?:

(4)

oiaoi ??cieoe? ?io?ii?e I aei oa i?ney aei??thaaiiy (xn — iieacaiiy
i?eeaaeo).

?ioaineai?noue a?aeiiae an?o aeaiaio?a, ye? aoiaeyoue o i?eno??e,
aecia/a?oueny ca ae?acii

(5)

aea (i — ?ioaineai?noue a?aeiiae iaeiiai aeaiaioa;

Ni — /enei aeaiaio?a ?-ai oeio;

S — /enei aeaiaio?a i?eno?ith.

Aoee i?iaiae?ciaai? ?nioth/? oaoi?/i? caniae aeey io?eiaiiy ?ioi?iaoe??
i?i aaiiao?e/i? ?ici??e i?ieaoo oa aeey c/eooaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? c
ia?anoaieo ia(?eo?a, ye? ia iathoue aaoiiiiieo aeaea?ae aeeaeaiiy.

?icaeyiooee oioi?iioeueniee aei??thaa/ iieiaeaiiy iaoaeo, yeee iiaea
aooe aeei?enoaiee aeey aecia/aiiy aeiaaeeie i?ieaoo, eaca?iee aei??thaa/
aeiaaeeie nioae oa oaeaeeino? ?? ?ooo, aeei?enoaiiy aei??thaaeueiiai
?ieeea aeey aecia/aiiy aeiaaeei iaoaeo, ui a?ae??co?oueny.

?icaeyioo? i?eno?i? aeey aecia/aiiy oe?eie i?ieaoo ca aeiiiiiaith
oioiaeaeo?e/ieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a oa oaeaa?c?eiiai aei??thaa/a iiia?a/ieo
?ici???a.

I?iaiae?ciaai? oaeiae ?nioth/? eiino?oeoe?? aei??thaa/?a oiaueie
i?ieaoo. Aeey oe??? iaoe i?eaeaoi? oioi?iioeueni? ia?aoai?thaa/?,
oaeaa?c?ei? iaoiaee ?c aeei?enoaiiyi eaca??a ye aeaea?aea na?oea,
?aae?ieieaoe?ei? i?eno?i?, aeonoe/i? iaoiaee oa i?eno?i?.

I?e aiae?c? i?eno?i?a aeey eiio?ieth aaiiao?e/ieo ?ici???a aoee
?icaeyioo? eiino?oeoe?? AIAeOIaoiao, o??i «Exsatest», «Brown Bovery»,
«Philco Lonsdale Division», «Krautkremer» oa ?i.

I?e aiae?c? i?iaeaie c/eooaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? c ia?anoaieo ia(?eo?a aoee
ei?ioei ?icaeyioo? iniiai? iaoiaee (iioe/i?, aeonoe/i?, oa?iiaai?oi?,
?aae?iaeoeai?, aeaeo?iiaai?oi?).

I?e aiae?c? aoei aeyaeaii, ui iioe/i? iaoiaee, ye? aacothoueny ia
aeei?enoaii? oaeaa?c?eii? oaoi?ee aai ia aeei?enoaii? a?aeaeooy
eaca?iiai i?iiaiy a?ae na?oei/ooo?aeo aeaiaio?a, ui cae??ieththoueny ia
aaaii?, i?aaenoaaeythoueny iaeiia?niaeoeaieie /a?ac aaeee? caa?oaeiaiiy
ye iioeee, oae ? iiia??a aaaii?a.

Canoinoaaiiy ?aae?iaeoeaieo iaoiae?a, yea aaco?oueny ia aeei?enoaii?
?aae?iaeoeaieo ?a/iaei aeey eiaeoaaiiy iiia?a aaaiio, aeiaaa? i?eeiyooy
niaoe?aeueieo caoiae?a aeey caoenoo ethaeae.

Aeonoe/i? iaoiaee, ye? caniiaai? ia a?aeaeoo? iaaeath/i? caoeiai? oaee?
a?ae eiaeiai? ieanoeie, aeinoaoiuei i?ino?, aeaoaa? oa iaae?ei?. Iaeiae
ia a?aee?eoiio iia?o?? o?aeo aei??thaaiiy i?aeaea?oueny ciai?oi?i
aieeaai (a?oa?, iaeeiaiiy ieeo ia eiaeia? ieaoeie). I?eno??e aeia?a
i?aoeth? a cae?eoeo i?ei?uaiiyo.

Oa?iiaai?oi? iaoiaee caniiaai? ia oiio, ui ieanoeia aaaiio
iaiaai?/o?oueny c ?ai?o ia?aiith iiey?i?noth oa /a?aaeoaaiiyi iaeanoae
iaiaai?/oaaiiy oae, uia aiie a?aeiia?aeaee o?eueee aeaiiio aaaiiia?.

O ?ic?iaeao Oa?e?anueeiai oa Iineianueeiai ?inoeooo?a ?iaeaia??a
o?ainii?oo oaeith /anoeiith aaaiio ia?aia eieania ia?a. Aea i?e ?on?
aaaiio aeieeathoue oaea?e, a?a?aoe??, ye? ?oeiothoue ciie ooo/iiai
iaiaai?/oaaiiy, a ca(yceo c /ei iaiao?aeii ia?aaeaa/aoe niaoe?aeuei?
aeiee a neeaae? i?eno?ith, ye? caaacia/othoue iiaoi?iee caien
?ioi?iaoe?? a i?noeyo c/eooaaiiy. Oea ??cei oneeaaeith? nenoaio,
cieaeo? ?? iaae?ei?noue.

Aieiaee, ui c/eoothoue oa iaiaai?/othoue, iaiao?aeii onoaiiaethaaoe
aeecueei a?ae cae?cie/iiai iieioia oa aaaii?a.

Inoaii?i /anii ia?aaaaa iaaea?oueny aeaeo?iiaai?oiei iaoiaeai. I?e
oeueiio ia ia?anoaiiio ia(?eo? anoaiiaeth?oueny eiaeiaee aeao/ee, yeee
ii/eia? ia?aaeaaaoe ?ioi?iaoe?th i?e iiiaaeaii? ia iueiai iai?aaeaii?
aeaeo?iiaai?oii? oaee?.

Ooieoe?? eiaeiaiai aeao/eea cae?eniththoue i?eeia/-ia?aoai?thaa/, ICI ?c
caianaiei a iueiai iiia?ii ia(?eoa oa ia?aaeaaa/, iano/a oaeey yeiai
iiaeoeth?oueny ?ioi?iaoe??th, yea i?noeoueny a ICI.

sse i?aaeei, oe? nenoaie i?aoeththoue o iao?iaiio oa naioeiao?iaiio
ae?aiaciiao. A?aeiia ?ic?iaea a e?a?iao NIAe (nenoaia «Eioin»,
Oe?a?ia), nenoaie o??i «RCA», «Aeaeaia?ae aeaeo?ee», «Aanoeiaaoc» (NOA)
oa ?i.

On? oe? nenoaie i?aoeacaeaoi?, aeinoaiuei aoaeoeai?, aea iathoue ?yae
aaae. Nooo?aee aieea ia ?iaioo i?eno?i?a iaaeathoue iiaiaei? oiiae
(aeiu, ooiai, iayai?noue ia ei?ion? aeao/eea i?ia?aeii? ieethee oa
?i.). I?e iayaiino? aeae?eueeio ia?aeaeueieo eie?e i?ae aeieii
c/eooaaiiy oa ia(?eoii c eiaeiaei aeao/eeii iiaeeeai ae?aioaaiiy
aeao/eea ?ioeie ia(?eoaie, ye? ciaoiaeyoueny ia oeeo ia?aeaeueieo
eie?yo. Nenoaie, ye? aeei?enoiaothoue ?aae?iaia?aoo?o, ui i?aoeth? a
naioeiao?iaiio ae?aiacii?, eiooothoue aei?iai oa neeaaei? a
ianeoaiaoaaii?.

Oe?iea ?iciianthaeaeaiiy ia o?ainii?o? io?eiothoue inoaii?i /anii
nenoaie, ye? iaea?aeothoue ia?aeiio ?ioi?iaoe?th a?ae e?aieiaeo
oeyoiaeo aeao/ee?a ? ni?aoeueiaothoue i?e i?ioiaeaeaii? ciie eiio?ieth
eiaeii? eieanii? ia?e.

Ia aac? aeei?enoaiiy oaeeo aeao/ee?a iiaeooue aooe noai?ai? nenoaie
eiio?ieth caeiyoino? ae?eyiee cae?cie/ii? eie?? oeyoii i?ae?aooaaiiy
inae aaaii?a oa eieiiioea?a, ye? aa?eoee ia ae?eyieo oa aeeoee c ia?,
i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy i?ine?aeoaaiiy ii?caea a iiaiiio neeaae?, aeyaeaiiy
aeiaaeeie aaciaeo aaaii?a, e?/ae inae o i?eno?iyo eiio?ieth ia?aa??oeo
aoen oa aeeth/aiiy (a?aeeeth/aiiy) aei?iaeiueiai iaeaaeiaiiy,
aeeth/aiiy i?i?cii? oa iiia?aaeaeoaaeueii? neaiae?caoe??, a??eiai?
aaoiiaoeee oa ?i.

A?aeii? ??ci? eiino?oeoe?? e?aieiaeo eie?eieo aeao/ee?a. O??ia «Siemens»
(I?ia//eia) ?ic?iaeea iaai?oieiioaeoiee aeao/ee ia iniia? aa?eiio,
?iaeooe?eiee aeaeo?iiaai?oiee aeao/ee, aeao/ee aeo?aoieiaee. O??ie
«Servo» oa «Aeaeaia?ae aeaeo?ee» (NOA) ?ic?iaeee iaai?oi?iaeoeoe?ei?
aeao/eee. O??ia «Sumimoto Electric Indastri LTD» (ssiii?y) ?ic?iaeea
i(?ciaeaeo?e/i? aei?iaei? aeao/eee oa ?i.

Ia?ae?/ai? oeie aeao/ee?a iathoue iaai? aaaee. Oae, iaai?oi?iaeoeoe?ei?
aeao/eee, ye? caniiaai? ia yaeu? iaaaaeaiiy AAeN, i?aoeththoue o?eueee
i?e ia?anoaaii? eieana oa ia ?a?no?othoue eieani, yeui aiii ia?ooiia,
iaa?oue yeui ciaoiaeeoueny a cii? ae?? oaeiai aeao/eea.

Aeo?aoieia? aeao/eee aeiaaathoue naa?aeeaiiy aieiaee ?aeee, i?e
aaciina?aaeiueiio aieeaia? eiean eainoee oaeeo aeao/ee?a oaeaeei
ciioothoueny.

Iaea?eueo iaae?eiee ?iaeoeoe?eiee aeaeo?iiaai?oiee aeao/ee o??ie
«Siemens» ia? aaeeeo aaao (aeecueei 20 ea), neeaaeio aeaeo?iiio noaio,
ui cieaeo? eiai iaae?ei?noue oa i?aeaeuo? aa?o?noue.

Ca aeiiiiiaith eiiieaeniiai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai e?eoa??th c?iaeaii aeniiaie
i?i aeioe?euei?noue ?ic?iaee a?eueo i?inoi? oa iaae?eii? eiino?oeoe??
aei??thaaiiy oe?eie (aenioe) eeoeo oa eaoaieo caaioiaie.

Oae? ae aeniiaee io?eiai? ? i?e ii??aiyii? i?eno?i?a ?ioi?iaoe??, ye?
i?aoeththoue o ae?aiacii? NA* oa a na?aaeiueioaeeueiaiio ae?aiacii?, a
oaeiae i?e iaa?oiooaaii? aeioe?eueiino? ?ic?iaee e?aieiaiai ?aciiainiiai
eie?eiiai aeao/eea.

O /aoaa?o?e aeaa? ia iniia? yaeu, iia(ycaieo ?c aei?ii?ithaaiiyi,
?iciianthaeaeaiiyi oa a?aeaeooyi aeonoe/ieo oaeeue iienothoueny iia?
niiniae oa i?eno?i? ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy ANO, noai?ai? aaoi?ii
aai ca eiai aaniina?aaeiueith o/anoth. Canoinoaaiiy aeonoe/ieo iaoiae?a
iia(ycaia c oei, ui i?eno?i?, ye? aeei?enoiaothoue aeonoe/i? oaee?, ye
i?aaeei, i?ino?, eiiiaeoi?, ii??aiyii iaaei?ia?, oa?aeoa?ecothoueny
a?aenooi?noth i?iieeath/eo aei?ii?ithaaiue.

Iniiai? o?oaeiiu?, ye? aeieeathoue i?e aeei?enoaii? aeonoe/ieo
iaoiae?a, iia(ycai? c iayai?noth ia i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoaao
aeonoe/ieo ia?aoeiae o oe?ieiio /anoioiiio ae?aiacii?, a oaeiae c
??ciith oaeaee?noth iioe?aiiy caoeo a na?aaeiaeuao, ui iathoue
iaiaeii??aei? oa?aeoa?enoeee a iai?yieo ?iciianthaeaeaiiy oa a?aeaeooy
aeonoe/ieo oaeeue.

Ia iaoaeo?a?eieo i?aei?e?inoaao aeinoaoiuei aenieee ??aaiue aeonoe/ieo
ia?aoeiae i?aeoe/ii ia an?o ae?eyieao oaoiieia?/iiai ia?aae?eo, o oiio
/ene? a i?ieaoieo oeaoao.

Iayai?noue ?icieaaeaiiai oa iaa??oiai iaoaeo noai?th? aeineoue aenie?
a?aae??ioe oaiia?aoo?iiai iiey a na?aaeiaeuao, aea aeieea? iioe?aiiy oa
a?aeaeooy aeonoe/ieo oaeeue.

Caaaeai? oaeoi?e iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe i?e ?ic?iaoe? aei??thaaeueieo
aeonoe/ieo i?eno?i?a /a?ac oa, ui aiie nooo?ai aieeaathoue ia oi/i?noue
aei??thaaiue.

Ia iniia? aiae?co ??aiae i?iieneiaeo ia?aoeiae onoaiiaeaiee /anoioiee
ae?aiacii canoiniaoaaieo aeonoe/ieo oaeeue.

Aaaeaii, uia canoiniaoaaeeny oaee? c /anoioaie aeua 18 eAoe, uia aiie ia
ni?eeiaeeny ethaeeiith.

Aa?oiy iaaea /anoio canoiniaoaaieo aeonoe/ieo oaeeue iiaeiia aecia/aoeny
?c o?aooaaiiyi oiia a i?noe? ?o canoinoaaiiy. Ia ne?ae aeei?enoiaoaaoe
/anoioe aeua 25 eAoe, ai ?c c?inoaiiyi /anoioe nooo?ai c?inoa?
caoooaiiy.

E??i oiai, a ae?aiacii? 20-25 eAoe iiaeia aeei?enoiaoaaoe aoaeue-ye?
aeaea?aea caoeo (aeaeo?iaeeiai?/i?, i(?ciaeaeo?e/i?, aacino?oi?ii?,
iaai?oino?eeoe?ei?).

Aeine?aeaeai? oaiia?aoo?i? iiey iaae iaa??oei iaoaeii (eenoiaee,
caaioiaee). Io?eiaiee ?iciiae?e oaiia?aoo?e aeia?a ai?ieneio?oueny
iieaciaeie ooieoe?yie o aeaeyae?

,

aea a — eiao?oe??io caanaiiy, i-1;

o — a?aenoaiue a?ae iaa??oi? iiaa?oi? aei oi/ee aei??o;

Tmax — oaiia?aoo?a ia iiaa?oi? iaa??oiai o?ea.

I?iaiae?ciaaia a?aeaeooy caoeo a?ae oieiaeieo ieinei? oa noa?e/ii?
iiaa?oiinoae, ye? a?aeaeaathoue.

Io?eiai? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue iineaaeaiiy caoeo a
caeaaeiino? a?ae a?aenoai? aeaea?aea caoeo aei iiaa?oi?, yea a?aeaeaa?.

Ieinea caoeiaa oaeey, yea ?iciianthaeaeothaoueny a a?e iaa??oiai o?ea,
i?ioiaeeoue iine?aeiaii /a?ac aeae?eai? oa?e, a?aeaeaa?oueny a?ae iaae
oeeo oa??a. I?e oeueiio iiooaei?noue oaee?, yea a?aeaeaa?oueny, aoaea
aecia/aoenue ca ae?acii

(6)

aea ?0 — iiooaei?noue aei?ii?ithaaii? aeonoe/ii? oaee?;

? — iiooaei?noue aeonoe/ii? oaee? a i?noe? i?eeiio;

( — e?oaiaa /anoioa.

Ae?oaee aeiaeaoie o aeoaeeao yaey? niaith ci?oio oaco i?e i?ioiaeaeaii?
caoeiai? oaee? /a?ac oa?, oaiia?aoo?a yeiai aei??aith? O. A?aeaeoee
neaiae aoaea iaoe oeth oaco iiaeai?iith (?c o?aooaaiiyi cai?ioiiai
oiaeo). Oaeei /eiii, o oi/oe? aei??thaaiiy a?aeaeoiai neaiaeo aoaea iaoe
i?noea noia?iiceoe?y aa?iii?eieo oaeeue iaei? aii?ooaee ??cieo oac.

Oaca iine?aeiaieo a?aeaeoo?a c?inoa? i?e ia?aoiae? a?ae oa?o aei oa?o c?
c?inoaiiyi i?ia?ao oaee?. I?e ca?eueoaii? i?ia?ao ia iieiaeio aeiaaeeie
oaee? oaca a?aeaeooy ci?ith?oueny ia 2(. Oiio oaca iine?aeiaieo
a?aeaeoo?a aoaea i?ioiaeeoe iiaia eiei, ye? ci?iththoue aeanoeaino?
na?aaeiaeua iia?eueii, aianee iaae, ?icoaoiaaieo ia a?aenoai? iieiaeie
oaee?, iaeaea oi/ii cieuothoue iaeia iaeiiai.

sse iane?aeie a?aeaeooy caeeoa?oueny aeecueeei aei ioey, ui
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny aenia?eiaioaeueii.

A?aeaeoiai neaiaeo a?ae iaa??oi? iiaa?oi? a?eueoa i?ae ia 200 0N
i?aeoe/ii iaia?.

I?e a?i??thaaii? a?aenoaiae aei iaa??oeo ieae/a oe??? oaiia?aoo?e
iiaa?oiinoae iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe ci?io oaeaeeino? iioe?aiiy caoeo a
caeaaeiino? a?ae oaiia?aoo?e na?aaeiaeua.

Ii?yae c ?ooii na?aaeiaeua oa eiai aieia?noth oaiai?aoo?a na?aaeiaeua
aiineoue iioeaee i?e aei??thaaiiyo a?aenoaiae.

O ?iaio? io?eiaia caeaaei?noue, yea ca(yco? i?ae niaith aei??thaaio
a?aenoaiue o oa /an iioe?aiiy neaiaeo.

(7)

aea Oi — oaiia?aoo?a a i?noe? anoaiiaeaiiy i?eeiiii-aei?ii?ithth/i?
aia?aoo?e;

o — aei??thaaia a?aenoaiue;

(O — oaiia?aoo?iee eiao?oe?aio oaeaeeino? caoeo, a?aae.-1;

n0 — oaeaee?noue caoeo i?e O = 0 (N;

a — eiao?oe?aio, i-1.

Oai?aoe/iee aiae?c yaeua aeeo?aeoe?? aeicaieea iaa?oiooaaoe iiaeeea?noue
aeei?enoaiiy oeueiai yaeua aeey aei??thaaiiy aaiiao?e/ieo ?ici???a
aeonoe/ii iai?ici?eo o?e. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iiaiaai? ea?oeie iiey i?e
ii?iaeueiiio oa iioeeiio iaae?ii? aeonoe/ieo oaeeue o iaiaeii??aeiiio
iaa??oiio na?aaeiaeu?, cie?aia iiaeeco iiaa?oi? iaa??oiai o?ea,
iaeeaaea? iaiaaeaiiy ia iaeanoue oaiia?aoo?, ca yeeo aeioe?eueii
aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeonoe/i? oaee?. Oaeei a?aie/iei cia/aiiyi ?
oaiia?aoo?a na?aaeiaeua oa o?e ia a?eueoa 50 — 70 (N.

Ia iniia? aeuaaeeeaaeaiiai ?ic?iaeai? caniae oa i?eno?i?, ye?
aeei?enoiaothoue aeey aei??thaaiiy a?aenoaiae oa aeyaeaiiy ia(?eo?a,
aeonoe/i? oaee?.

Can?a iae?eo ae?ia?a caeeth/a?oueny a oiio, ui aei?ii?iththoue
aeonoe/io oaeeth, /anoioa yei? ci?ith?oueny ca caaeaiei ia??iaee/iei
caeiiii. Iayai?noue a?aeaeoi? oaee? i?e iiya? ae?ia?a i?ecaiaeeoue aei
ia??iaee/ii? ci?ie ?ioa?oa?aioe?eiiai ?ano?o, yeee ae?aaea?oueny o
ci?i? oe?eie cii i?aeaeuaiiai oa cieaeaiiai oene?a.

I?eeia/? ?a?no?othoue ca ia??iae ci?ie /anoioe ia iaioa aeaio ?ac?a
i?aeaeuaiiy neaiaeo, iaeei ?ac i?e ca?eueoaii? /anoioe, ae?oaee ?ac i?e
?? cieaeaii?.

Ci?ie aeiaaeeie aeonoe/ii? oaee?, a ioaea ? c?ooaiiy ?ioa?oa?aioe?eiiai
?ano?o iiaeia aecia/eoe ca oi?ioeith

(8)

aea ((a — ci?ia aeiaaeeie oaee?;

n — oaeaee?noue caoeo;

(0 — aeo?aeia cia/aiiy /anoioe aeonoe/ieo eieeaaiue;

(ai — aeiaaeeia oaee? i?e /anoio? (i ,

(9)

Can?a aaceiioaeoiiai aei??thaaiiy a?aenoaiae iieyaa? a oiio, ui
ii?ii?iththoue iiaa?oith ia(?eoa, a?aenoaiue aei yei? aei??th?oueny ca
aeiiiiiaith aeonoe/iiai ia?aoai?thaa/a. I?e oeueiio aeieea? noiy/a
oaeey. I?e ci?i? /anoioe eieeaaiue o oi/oe? i?eeiio aoaeooue
niinoa??aaoeny iaeneioie oa i?i?ioie neaiaeo. O?enoth/e /anoioe, ca
yeeo o oi/oe? i?eeiio ?a?no?othoue iaeneioie oa i?i?ioie neaiaeo, iiaeia
aecia/eoe ooeaio a?aenoaiue a?ae oi/ee i?eeiio aei ia(?eoa ca oi?ioeaie

(10)

aai

(11)

aea L — ooeaia a?aenoaiue;

c(T) — oaeaee?noue caoeo a na?aaeiaeu? i?e oaiia?aoo?? O;

n — /enei aeno?aioi?a caoeiaiai oeneo, cao?eniaaieo i?eeia/ai aai i?e
ciaioaii? /anoioe a?ae (i aei (1, aai i?e ca?eueoaii? ?? a?ae (i aei
(2.

Oaeee can?a aeicaiey? iaae?eii aei??thaaoe a?aenoai? aei ia(?eoa a
aoaeue-yeiio ae?aiacii? ?o ci?i.

I?eno??e c/eooaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? c eiaeiaeo ieanoei ?ooiieo ia(?eo?a
cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo iieyaa? a oiio, ui ia ?ooiiiio ia(?eo?
cae??ieth?oueny eiaeiaa ieanoeia, ia ye?e ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i iiia? ia(?eoa
i?aaenoaaeaia a aea?eeiaiio eiae? o aeaeyae? caiaaeei oa aenooi?a ia
ieanoei?, ia ye?e caiaaeeie oa aenooie ?icoaoiaai? ??aiii??ii. Ia oe?
ieanoeie ni?yiiao?oueny aeonoe/ia oaeey, a a?aeaeo? a?ae eiaeii?
ieanoeie neaiaee o?enothoueny ie?aieie i?eeia/aie.

I?e ?on? ia(?eoa ia ao?ae i?eeia/?a iio?aieythoue neaiaee, ui a?aeaeo?
a?ae eiaeiai? ieanoeie (?ioi?iaoe?ei?) oa a?ae ieanoeie c ??aiii??ii
?icoaoiaaieie caiaaeeiaie oa aenooiaie (ianooaai?). Inoaii? i?ecia/ai?
aeey aeeeth/aiiy aieeao oaeaeeino? ia?anoaaiiy ia(?eoa. Ine?eueee
i?eeia/? anoaiiaeai? a io/iinoyo noiy/i? oaee?, a aeeaeia caiaaeei
neeaaea? /aa?oue aeiaaeeie oaee?, oi aenooie, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue
iaeeieoe?, aeathoue ia i?eeia/aa? i?aeaeuaiee ??aaiue neaiaeo, a
caiaaeeie, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue ioeth, — i?i?iaeueiee ??aaiue neaiaeo.
Ia?aaeaa/a?oueny ei?aeoe?y /anoioe oaee? oae, uia aeiaaeeia oaee?
caeeoaeany iaci?iiith i?e ci?i? oaiia?aoo?e na?aaeiaeua.

Can?a aei??thaaiiy a?aenoai? x aei iiaa?oi? iaa??oiai o?ea, cie?aia aeey
eiio?ieth ??aiy ?icieaao a eiaoao, iieyaa? o oiio, ui a iai?yieo
iaa??oi? iiaa?oi? aei?ii?ith?oueny caoeiaee neaiae. Ca iiiaioaie
aei?ii?ithaaiiy oa i?eeiio a?aeaeoiai neaiaeo aecia/a?oueny /an i?ia?ao
oaeeath a?aenoai? 2x. Ca aeiiiiiaith i??iiao?a aecia/a?oueny
oaiia?aoo?a iiaa?oi? iaa??oiai o?ea, ca aeiiiiiaith oa?iiia?e —
oaiia?aoo?a na?aaeiaeua a i?noe? anoaiiaeaiiy i?eeia/a. Ooeaia
a?aenoaiue aecia/a?oueny ?c caeaaeiino?

, (12)

aea OF — oaiia?aoo?a iiaa?oi?, yea a?aeaeaa?;

OI — oaiia?aoo?a na?aaeiaeua a i?noe? aei?ii?ithaaiiy oa i?eeiio
caoeiaiai neaiaeo;

( — /an iioe?aiiy caoeiaiai neaiaeo a?ae aei?ii?ithaa/a aei
i?eeia/a.

Ae?ac (12) ? ?ica(yceii ae?aco (7) uiaei aei??thaaii? a?aenoai?.

Can?a aecia/aiiy oai?aoe/iiai ?aae?ona ?oeiio a i?ioean? iaiiooaaiiy
aeiaaii??iiai iaoa??aeo aeicaiey? eiio?iethaaoe iioi/ia cia/aiiy
?aae?ona ?oeiio ? i?aeaeuo? oi/i?noue iaea?aeaiiy ?oeii?a caaeaieo
aaiiao?e/ieo ?ici???a oa iane.

Ia iiaa?oith ?oeiio aei?ii?ith?oueny ciiaeoth/ee ?iioeuen, ia?aaei?i
o?iioii ciiaeoth/iai ?iioeueno caionea?oueny e?/eeueiee ianooaaieo
?iioeuen?a, coieiea yeiai cae?enith?oueny ia?aaei?i o?iioii a?aeaeoiai
neaiaeo. I??iiao?ii aecia/a?oueny oaiia?aoo?a iiaa?oi? ?oeiio,
oa?iiia?ith — oaiia?aoo?a na?aaeiaeua.

A?aenoaiue x aei iiaa?oi? ?oeiio aecia/a?oueny ?c (12), iioi/ia
cia/aiiy ?aae?ona ?oeiio — ?c (2).

Ia iniia? io?eiaii? ?ioi?iaoe?? cae?enith?oueny ?ic?aooiie oai?aoe/iiai
?aae?ona ?oeiio c o?aooaaiiyi o?ainii?oiiai cai?ciaiiy:

(13)

aea h — oiaueia iaoaeo;

( — na?aaei? cia/aiiy caci?o i?ae aeoeaie;

Ri — iioi/ia cia/aiiy ?aae?ona ?oeiio;

v(t) — caeii ci?ie e?i?eii? oaeaeeino? iaoa??aeo;

t — i?ii?aeie /ano, /a?ac yeee o?aaa aecia/eoe oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy
?aae?ona ?oeiio.

Can?a aecia/aiiy iaoiaiai iiiaioo ?oeiia nioae a i?ioean? iaiioee oaeiae
caniiaaiee ia io?eiaii? ?io?i?iaoe?? i?i iioi/ia cia/aiiy ?aae?ona Ri
ca aeiiiiiaith aeonoe/iiai aeaeaeii??a. Iaoiaee iiiaio aecia/a?oueny ?c
ae?aco (1).

Ca aeiiiiiaith aeonoe/ieo aeao/ee?a aeinyaiooi oaeiae i?aeaeuaiiy
iaae?eiino? ?iaioe aaaiiiii?ieeaeoaa/a. C iaoith iaaeiiouaiiy
iioeiaeaeaiiy aaaii?a, ye? ciaoiaeyoueny iiaeeco i?aei?iath/i? ieaooi?ie
c ?icaaioaaeoaaiei aaaiiii, eiiaiaea ia ?icaaioaaeaiiy iiaea?oueny
o?eueee i?e a?aenooiino? aaaii?a o cii?, yea eiio?ieth?oueny
aeonoe/ieie aeao/eeaie.

O i?eeiiiee o?aeo i?eno?ith aaaaeaiee naeaeoeaiee i?aeneethaa/, ui
aeicaiey? i?iioneaoe oa i?aeneethaaoe eieeaaiiy o?eueee ?iai/i? /anoioe.
I?eno??e aeey aei??thaaiiy oe?eie eeno?a caniiaaiee ia aei??thaaii?
??aiae aeonoe/ieo neaiae?a, aaee/eia yeeo caeaaeeoue a?ae nooiaith
ia?ae?eooy caoeiaeo o?aeo?a e?aeyie eeno?a. sse aeaea?aea caoeo iiaeooue
aooe aeei?enoai? aeaeo?iaeeiai?/i? aai aacino?oi?ii? aei?ii?ithaa/?.
Aeinyaiooa oi/i?noue aecia/aiiy oe?eie eeno?a ( 10 ii (iacaeaaeii a?ae
oe?eie eeno?a).

O i(yo?e aeaa? ia iniia? yaeu, iia(ycaieo ?c aei?ii?ithaaiiyi,
iioe?aiiyi oa a?aeaeooyi aeaeo?iiaai?oieo oaeeue oa yaeu a
aeaeo?iiaai?oieo iieyo iienothoueny iia? i?eno?i? ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
caaacia/aiiy ANO, noai?ai? aaoi?ii iai ca eiai aaniina?aaeiueith
o/anoth.

O ?yae? aeiaaee?a io?eiaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? ca aeiiiiiaith aeaeo?iiaai?oieo
iie?a oa oaeeue ? a?eueo e?auei, i?ae aeei?enoaiiy ?ioeo o?ce/ieo yaeu
(aeonoe/ieo, ca aeiiiiiaith i?iieeath/eo aei?ii?ithaaiue oa ?i.).

Oea noino?oueny ia?o ca ana c/eooaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? c ia(?eo?a, ui
ia?anoaathoueny c aaeeeith oaeaee?noth, eiio?ieth oa aei??thaaiith o
nooo?ai iaiaeii??aeieo na?aaeiaeuao.

Naia aeey oaeeo oiia aoee ?ic?iaeai? i?eno?i?, ui aeei?enoiaothoue
aeaeo?iiaai?oi? iiey. Oea i?eno?i? aeey c/eooaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? c
ia?anoaieo ia(?eo?a, o oiio /ene? c ia(?eo?a, ye? ia iathoue aaoiiiiieo
aeaea?ae aeeaeaiiy, i?eno?i? aeey eiio?ieth aaiiao?e/ieo ?ici???a
iaa??oeo o?e, ui i?iaiaeyoue no?oi, e?aieia? eie?ei? aeao/eee oa ?i. I?e
c/eooaaii? ?ioi?iaoe?? c ia(?eo?a, ui ia iathoue aaoiiiiieo aeaea?ae
aeeaeaiiy, ia ia(?eo iaiao?aeii a i?noe? c/eooaaiiy ia?aaeaaaoe
aia?a?th, ui caiacia/o? ?iaioo eiaeiaeo aeao/ee?a.

Oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaia oa ?ic?iaeaia ?aoe?iiaeueia iaoiaeeea
?ic?aooieo ia?aaea/? aia?a?? a ?ooiiee eiioo? o nenoai? ?c aeaio
eiioo??a.

I?e aeei?enoaii? oe??? iaoiaeeee ianya ia/eneaiue ?noioii iaioa
ii??aiyii ?c caaaeueiei iaoiaeii neeaaeaiiy oa ?ica(ycaiiy ?ioaa?aeueieo
??aiyiue.

O aeai?e ?iaio? ia?aiee ?iaeoeoe?eiee can?a ia?aaea/? aeaeo?iiaai?oii?
aia?a?? a eiioo?, ui ?ooa?oueny.

O i?noe? c/eooaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? ?icoaoiao?oueny ?iaeoeoi?, yeee noai?th?
aeaeo?iiaai?oia iiea /anoioith 880 eAoe. I?e ?on? ia(?eoa a iiea
?iaeoeoi?a iio?aiey? i?eeiiiee eiioo?, a yeiio AAeN, ui iaaiaeeoueny,
caaacia/o? ?iaioo eiaeiaiai aeao/eea (?en. 1).

Aca?iia ?iaeoeoeai?noue I i?ae eiioo?ii, ui ?ooa?oueny, oa ?iaeoeoi?ii
aecia/a?oueny ?c ae?aco

(14)

aea (i — iaai?oia i?iieeeea?noue iia?o?y (aaeooio);

w — /enei aeoe?a ?iaeoeoi?a;

Re — aenioa i?eeiiiiai eiioo?o;

Ri — a?aenoaiue i?ae i?eeiiiei eiioo?ii oa ?iaeoeoi?ii;

x — ia?ae?eooy eiioo?o oa ?iaeoeoi?a.

?en. 1. Noaia cai?uaiiy nenoaie ?iaeoeoi?-i?eeiiiee eiioo?

Ine?eueee aaee/eia aca?ii?iaeoeoeaiino? ? aaee/eiith ia?ai?iiith, ui
caeaaeeoue a?ae oaeaeeino? v ia?anoaaiiy ia(?eoa (x = vt, aea t —
/an), oi nenoaia ??aiyiue, ui iieno? iiaaae?ieo nenoaie
eiioo?-?iaeoeoi?, aeeth/a? a naaa ia?ai?iio aaee/eio I (aeea. ?en. 1).
?icaeaath/e i?ii?aeie /ano ciaoiaeaeaiiy eiioo?o iaae ?iaeoeoi?ii ia n
?ioa?aae?a oa i?eeiath/e, ui ia i?ioyc? n-ai ?ioa?aaeo
aca?ii?iaeoeoeai?noue I ? aaee/eiith iino?eiith, aeey oeueiai
?ioa?aaeo nenoaia ??aiyiue o neiaie?/i?e oi?i? ia? aeaeyae

, (15)

,

aea I1n, I2n — no?oie a?aeiia?aeii a ?iaeoeoi?? oa eiioo??;

Ru , Lu — a?aeiia?aeii aeoeaiee ii?? oa ?iaeoeoeai?noue ?iaeoeoi?a;

I — aca?ii?iaeoeoeai?noue ;

Rg , xg=(L — a?aeiia?aeii aeoeaiee oa ?aaeoeaiee ii?? eiioo?o ?c
aeao/eeii;

A — ?AeN o ?iaeoeoi??;

( — e?oaiaa /anoioa.

?ica(ycoth/e nenoaio ??aiyiue (15) aeey eiaeiiai n-ai i?ii?aeeo /ano c
o?aooaaiiyi cia/aiiy aca?ii?iaeoeoeaiino? I aeey oeueiai ae i?ii?aeeo ?c
ae?aco (15) iiaeia io?eiaoe caeaaeiino? no?oi?a oa iiaieo iiooaeiinoae
o i?eeiiiiio eiioo?? a?ae /ano i?ioiaeaeaiiy i?eeiiiei eiioo?ai ciie
?iaeoeoi?a (?en. 2).

?en. 2. Caeaaeiinoue no?oio 1 oa iiooaeiino? 2 o i?eeiiiiio eiioo?? a?ae
/ano

O caaaeueiiio aeiaaeeo, eiee eiioo?e iathoue aeia?eueia ?icoaooaaiiy,
?ic?aooiie ?iaeyoue ca aeiiiiiaith e?i?eiiai ?ioaa?aea ii a?aeiia?aeiiio
eiioo?o oa ?ioaa?aea ii ia’?io a?ey oi/ee, o eio??e ooeathoue aaeoi?iee
iioaioe?ae iaai?oiiai iiey oa iai?oaeai?noue aeaeo?e/iiai iiey.

I?e noai?aii? i?eno?i?a aeey eiio?ieth a?aenoaiae aei iiaa?oi?
iaa??oiai o?ea, ui i?iaiaeeoue no?oi, oa aeey aeyaeaiiy oeeo o?e o cii?,
yea eiio?ieth?ony, ?icaeyiooa caaea/a ?ic?aooieo aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey
eiioo?a c e?oaiaei no?oiii i?e iayaiino? o?ea, ui i?iaiaeeoue, oa
iayai?noth o oeueiio iie? aeiaeaoeiaiai eiioo?o (?en. 3).

Oi/ea I eaaeeoue ia iiaa?oi? i?ia?aeiiai o?ea, ui eiio?ieth?oueny,
oi/ea I1 iaeaaeeoue aei??thaaeueiiio eiioo?ia?.

I?e ?ic?aooieo aaee/eie AAeN o aei??thaaeueiiio eiioo?? Ae
aeei?enoiaoaaeenue ae?ace aeey aaeoi?ieo iioaioe?ae?a no?oio i1, oa
iaaaaeaiiai o i?ia?aeiiio o?e? no?oio i2.

?en. 3. ?icoaooaaiiy eiioo??a iiaeeco i?ia?aeii? iiaa?oi?

Aaeoi?iee iioaioe?ae iaai?oiiai iiey aecia/a?oueny ca ae?acii

,

aei oi/ee I.

Aeey aecia/aiiy AAeN aeei?enoiaoaaeeny ae?ace

aea L — aeiaaeeia aei??thaaeueiiai eiioo?a;

— iaai?oiee iio?e, ui noai?th?oueny eiioo?ii c no?oiii i1;

— iio?e, ui noai?th?oueny aeo?iaeie no?oiaie i2 o aei??thaaeueiiio
eiioo??.

Ia ?en. 4 iieacaia caeaaei?noue AAeN o aei??thaaeueiiio eiioo?? a?ae
a?aenoai? aei iiaa?oi? i?ia?aeiiai o?ea.

?en. 4. Caeaaeiinoue AAeN o aeii?thaaeueiiio eiioo?i aiae aiaenoaii aei
i?ia?aeiiai oiea

Aiaeia?/i? i??eoaaiiy caeeaaeai? ? a eiino?oeoe?th e?aieiaiai aeao/eea.
?a?no?o?oueny ci?ia no?oio a ia?aeiiiio eiioo??, a aeey i?aeneeaiiy
aoaeoo ia I-iiae?aiiio oa?eoiaiio na?aea/ieeo aeiaeaoeiai
?icoaoiao?oueny ?aciiainiee eiioo? LC.

Aeae? ?icaeyaeathoueny i?eno?i? aeey c/eooaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? c ia?anoaieo
ia(?eo?a,ui ia iathoue aaoiiiiieo aeaea?ae aeeaeaiiy.

Ia ia?anoaiiio ia(?eo? ?icoaoiao?oueny eiaeiaee aeao/ee, yeee
aeeth/aiee iine?aeiaii a i?eeiiiee eiioo?. I?e ciaoiaeaeaii? iaae
?iaeoeoi?ii a i?noe? c/eooaaiiy io?eiaii? aia?a?? aeinoaoiuei, uia
eiaeiaee aeao/ee ii/aa aeaeaaaoe ?ioi?iaoe?th, ui ciaoiaeeoueny a eiai
iai(yo?. I?eeiiiee eiioo? aeei?enoaiee ye aioaia, ui ia?aaea?.

Aeey aeeaeaiiy ?iaeoeoi?a aeei?enoiao?oueny ia?ai?iiee no?oi /anoioith
880 eAoe, ia?aaea/a ?ioi?iaoe?? cae?enith?oueny ia iano/?e /anoio? 36
iAoe. Iano/a /anoioa iiaeaeth?oueny ?ioi?iaoe?eieie ?iioeuenaie, ui
iinooiathoue ?c iai(yo? aeao/eea a oaeaa?aoiiio ?aaeei?. *anoioa
oaeoiaeo ?iioeuen?a neeaaea? 55 eAoe.

O i?eeiii?e /anoei? i?eno?ith aeei?enoaiee i?eeia/ i?yiiai i?aeneeaiiy c
aeaoaeoi?ii. Ia aeoiae? ia? aooe o?eueee ?ioi?iaoe?eiee iaeao, yeee
i?noeoue 32 a?oa (ainueie?ic?yaeia aeanyoeiaa /enei a
aea?eeiai-aeanyoeiaiio eiae?).

Oi/i?noue c/eooaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? aeinyaa?oueny ii??aiyiiyi neaiae?a, ui
iine?aeiaii i?eeiathoueny. I?eeiiia /anoeia i?eno?ith i?eieiy? ?iaioo
i?e ia?oiio ae ca?ao aeaio ?ioi?iaoe?eieo iine?aeiaiinoae ii 32 a?oe.
Eiia??i?noue iiyae ia?aoeiaee o aeaeyae? aeaio iine?aeiaiinoae, ye?
ca?aathoueny, aeoaea iaea (13o10-34) ? oaea iiae?y i?aeoe/ii iaiiaeeeaa.

I?eno??e aeey c/eooaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? i?aoeth? ca i?eioeeiii: aai neaiae
ia aeoiae? ? ? a?i i?aaeeueiee, aai eiai iaia? acaaae?.

O ?iaio? iienothoueny o?e aa??aioe aeey c/eooaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? c
ia?anoaieo ia(?eo?a:

1) c iino?eiith ?ioi?iaoe??th i?i ia?anoaiee ia(?eo, ui i?noeoueny a ICI
eiaeiaiai aeao/eea;

2) c ?ioi?iaoe??th, ui oi?io?oueny ia ia(?eo?, iai?eeeaae, i?i aaao
ia(?eoa, i?i oaiia?aoo?o, oiaoi aoaeue-yeo ?ioi?iaoe?th, ui io?eio?oueny
a?ae ia?aeiieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a, ye? anoaiiaeththoueny ia ia(?eo?, oa
ia?aoai?aiith AOeI o oeeo?iaee eiae;

3) ?c ci?iiith ?ioi?iaoe??th, eiee ?ioi?iaoe?y, ui i?noeoueny o
i?eno?i?, yeee caiai(yoiao? , o i?noe? c/eooaaiiy iiaea aooe cai?iaia ia
?ioo.

Ia iniia? aeei?enoaiiy aaceiioaeoiiai e?aieiaiai aei?iaeiueiai aeao/eea
noai?aia nenoaia eiio?ieth caeiyoino? cae?cie/ieo eie?e (NEC).

NEC iiaea cae?enithaaoe oae? ooieoe??:

1. Cae?enithaaoe eiio?ieue caeiyoino? ??cieo ae?eyiie cae?cie/ieo eie?e
o oeo aeiaaeeao, eiee aiie ia iaeaaeiai? ?aeeiaeie eaioethaaie aai
iaeaaeiaiiy ?aeeiaeie eaioethaaie oneeaaeiaia.

2. Aeey aeei?enoaiiy o nenoaiao c/eooaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? c ?ooiaiai
ii?caeo.

3. Aeey i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy i?ioiaeaeaiiy ii?caeo a iiaiiio neeaae? /a?ac
ae?eyieo, yea eiio?ieth?oueny.

4. Aeey aeeth/aiiy iiia?aaeaeoaaeueii? oa i?i?cii? neaiae?caoe?e.

5. Aeey aeeth/aiiy aei?iaeiueiai iaeaaeiaiiy oa i?ae?aooieo e?eueeino?
inae o i?eno?iyo aaoiiaoe/iiai eiio?ieth ia?aa??ao aoen.

6. Aeey aeyaeaiiy aaaii?a ?c caaeaiith aeiaaeeiith aace.

7. Aeey aeei?enoaiiy a nenoaiao aecia/aiiy iniino? oa e?/ae aaaii?a ?
eieiiioea?a.

8. Aeey aecia/aiiy iai?yieo ?ooo, ieoo?ai? oa na?aaeiuei? oaeaeeinoae
?ooo ii?caea.

Canoinoaaiiy e?aieiaeo aeao/ee?a oa nenoai, noai?aieo ia ?o iniia?,
aeicaiey? oe?iei canoiniaoaaoe i?e?ii?ioeani?io oaoi?eo.

NEC cae?cie/ieo eie?e aaco?oueny ia i?ae?aooieo /enea inae ?ooiiiai
ii?caeo, ui aoiaeyoue oa aeoiaeyoue ia ae?eyieo.

Aeey oeueiai ia ao?aeieo oa aeo?aeieo eie?yo onoaiiaeththoueny nia?ai?
e?aieia? aeao/eee, ye? aeicaieythoue cae?enithaaoe i?ae?aooiie inae ca
aoaeue-yeiai iai?yieo ?ooo ca aeiiiiiaith ?aaa?neaieo e?/eeueiee?a. I?e
ca?ao /enea inae, ui aa?eoee ia ae?eyieo oa oeo, ui aeeoee,
ae?iaey?oueny neaiae i?i iacaeiyo?noue ae?eyiee.

Iaaiaeeoueny oaeiae noeneee iien ?aae?ieieaoe?eiiai aeao/eea iayaiino?
iaoaeo, ui i?aoeth? a ae?aiacii? NA* (aeiaaeeia oaee? 3 ni). Aeao/ee
iiaea i?aoethaaoe, aeei?enoiaoth/e ye a?aeaeoee neaiae, oae ? o?enoth/e
ia?ae?eooy ?aae?ieaiaeo iaoaeaaei ae?iaii.

O oino?e aeaa? iaaiaeyoueny aeai? i?i ?ic?iaeai? aaoi?ii oa ca eiai
o/anoth i?ea?iaeuei? nenoaie oa i?eno?i?, ye? ia?ae?/ai? ieae/a.

I?eno??e c/eooaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? c eiaeiaeo ieanoei ?ooiieo ia’?eo?a.

Nenoaia noaa?e?caoe?? iane eeoeo caaioiaie ia IAEC.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ?ic?iaea aeai?eoio oa i?eno?i?a ei?aeoe?? i?ia?ai
iaoeneoaaiiy ia oianoieenoiaiio noai? “3600” caaiaeo “Acianoaeue”.

?ic?iaea oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy nenoaie ea?oaaiiy oaieiaei ?aaeeiii
iaoiaee/ii? ia/? a ?aeeiaaeeiaiio oeaoo.

I?eno??e aeey i?aeaeuaiiy iaae?eiino? ?iaioe aaaiiiia?aeeaea/a.

Aei??thaa/ oe?eie eeno?a.

Eiaeiaee aaaiiiee aeao/ee c ICI.

Aeao/ee c ?ioi?iaoe??th, yea oi?io?oueny ia ia’?eo?.

Aeao/ee ?c ci?iiith ?ioi?iaoe??th.

I?eeia/ i?eno?ith aeey c/eooaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe??.

?ioi?iaoe?eia aaoiiaoe/ia nenoaia eiio?ieth ca ?iaioith iniiaieo
aa?aaao?a caaiaeo.

Aaceiioaeoiee aei?iaei?e aeao/ee.

?aae?ieieaoe?eiee aeao/ee iayaiino? iaoaeo.

I?eno??e eiio?ieth caeiyoino? cae?cie/ii? eie??.

I?eno??e aaoiiaoe/ii? eiiiainaoe?? ciino aaee?a eeao? ni?oiaiai
i?ieaoiiai noaio.

Nenoaia aei??thaaiiy coneeue i?e i?ieaooe?.

Nenoaia aei??thaaiiy caci?o i?ae aaeeaie.

Nenoaia ocaiaeaeaiiai ea?oaaiiy aieiaiei i?eaiaeii oa aaeeaie.

O aeaa? oaeiae aeeeaaeai? a?aeiiino? i?i ?ic?iaeai? oa o?, ui
?ic?iaeththoueny i?eno?i? oa nenoaie, ui ?aae?cothoue, cie?aia ?
ooieoe?? ?ioi?iaoe?eii? i?aeo?eiee ANO ii?yae ?c ?ica(ycaiiyi aeayeeo
caaea/ c eieaeueii? aaoiiaoecaoe?? oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a.

Iaaiaeeoueny iien i?eno?ith aaoiiaoe/ii? eiiiainaoe?? ciiooaaiiy aaee?a
ee?o? ni?oiaiai i?ieaoiiai noaio.

??cieoey ?iioeuen?a o iine?aeiaieo i?ioiaeao, ui oa?aeoa?eco? aaee/eio
ciiooaaiiy aaee?a, aeei?enoiao?oueny ye ei?aaoth/ee neaiae aeey nenoaie
?aaoethaaiiy ?icoai?o aaee?a, yea onoaa? ??ciioiaueii?noue i?ieaoo.

Aeey aei??thaaiiy coneeue i?e i?ieaooe? ia EIOe-4500 aeei?enoaia
aei??thaaiiy i?aenoieiai? aeaoi?iaoe?? no?eie ee?o? ca aeiiiiiaith
iaai?oiae?iae?a, aeaeo?e/ia i?ia?aei?noue yeeo ci?ith?oueny i?e ci?i?
iai?oae iaai?oiiai iiey, o yeiio aiie ciaoiaeyoueny.

sse aeaea?aei iaai?oiiai iiey aeei?enoiao?oueny ?iciieiooa nenoaia
iino?eiiai iaai?oo. Ine?eueee iaai?oiae?iaee oaa?aei cae??ieai? ia
noaiei?, oi aiie ia?anoaathoueny a iaai?oiiio iie? aeaea?aea. Noaia
ia?iaee neaiaeo, i?iii?oe?eiiai aeaoi?iaoe?? noaieie, caeaaeii?, a naith
/a?ao, a?ae coneeey i?e i?ieaooe?, ia?aaeaa/a? aeae?eaiiy noaoe/ii? oa
aeeiai?/ii? neeaaeath/eo c iaoith onoiaiiy aieeao oaiia?aoo?iiai
iiaeiaaeaiiy noaieie.

Nenoaia aei??thaaiiy caci?a i?ae aaeeaie aaco?oueny ia i?ae?aooieo /enea
?iioeuen?a, i?iii?oe?eiiai aaee/ei? ia?ai?uaiiy iaaeeiiiai i?eno?ith.
Ine?eueee iaoai?/ia nenoaia ?nioth/iai iaaeeiiiai i?eno?ith ia? nooo?ao
iae?i?ei?noue, oea a?aoiao?oueny o noai? ae?eueieea ?iioeuen?a, ui
iinooiathoue ia ao?ae ?aaa?neaiiai e?/eeueieea. Ie??i oiai,
a?aoiao?oueny oaeiae oa ianoaaeia, ui ia?aaeaaaeueia /enei ?aaeoeoi?a ?
/enei ae?iaiaa, ui aaaea aei ci?ie /enea ianooaaieo ?iioeuen?a, ui
i?eiaaeathoue ia 1 ii oeyoo, yeee i?ioiaeeoue aa?oi?e aaeie.

Aeey onoiaiiy i?iaoeniaie i?e iacaoaao? iaoaeo aaeeaie oa ciaioaiiy
aeeiai?/ieo oaea??a ai?iaaaeaeaia nenoaia ocaiaeaeaiiai ea?oaaiiy
aieiaiei i?eaiaeii oa aaeeaie.

Nenoaia caniiaaia ia aaoiiaoe/iiio ea?oaaii? oaeaee?noth ?iai/eo oa
noaieiieo ?ieee?a a?aeiia?aeii oaeoe/i?e oaeaeeino? aieiaieo aaee?a.

O iiiaio caoaaoo iaoaeo aaeeaie ee?o? e?i?eia oaeaee?noue aaee?a aoaea
ocaiaeaeaia c e?i?eiith oaeaee?noth caaea/? iaoaeo o aaeee ca
aeiiiiiaith aeao/ee?a ?ioaineaiino? ?iai/eo ?ieueaaia?a oa noaieiieo
?ieee?a.

Oea nooo?ai cieaeo? i?iaoeniaee iaoaeo oa aeeiai?/i? oaea?e ? aeicaiey?
i?aeaeueoe i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe?.

Aeey noaa?e?caoe?? iane eeoeo caaioiaie ia IAEC ?ic?iaeaia nenoaia, ui
caniiaaia ia ?aae?caoe?? aeai?eoio

, (16)

aea Q — caaeaia aaaa caaioiaee;

F — oaeoe/ia ieiua iiia?a/iiai ia?a??co caaioiaee;

((tu) — u?euei?noue iaoaeo i?e ci??yi?e oaiia?aoo?? a iiiaio ii??co;

l c — aeiaaeeia caaioiaie.

A?aeoeeaiiy ieiu? iiia?a/iiai ia?a??co a?ae caaeaiiai cae?enith?oueny
oeyoii aei??thaaiiy oaeoe/ieo oe?eie oa aenioe caaioiaee ca aeiiiiiaith
aeua iienaiiai i?eno?ith aeey aei??thaaiiy a?aenoaiae aei iiaa?oi?
i?ia?aeiiai o?ea.

Aeey i?aeaeuaiiy oi/iino? aa?y/i? i?ieaoee eeno?a ii oiauei? a ?aaeei?
aaoiiaoe/iiai ea?oaaiiy oianoieenoiaei noaiii ca aei?noeeie i?ia?aiaie,
?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoi oa i?eno??e ei?aeoe?? i?ia?ai iaoeneaiiy. Ia iniia?
aiae?co ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaioo aca?iica’yceo oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a
o noi?aeieo i?iioneao io?eiaia aii??e/ia oi?ioea aeey aecia/aiiy
i?ieaoiiai oeneo a ianooiiiio i?iioneo, ui aeicaiey? ei?aeooaaoe
cia/aiiy iaoeneaiue.

Aeey noaa?e?caoe?? oaiia?aoo?iiai ?aaeeio iaa??ao caaioiaie oa, ye
iane?aeie, aeey noaa?e?caoe?? aaae i.i. i??iiai i?ieaoo ?ic?iaeaia
nenoaia ea?oaaiiy oaieiaei ?aaeeiii iaoiaee/ii? ia/?. Ea?oaaiiy iaa??aii
iaoaeo ca oaiia?aoo?ith eiai iiaa?oi? aeicaiey? a?eueo iia?aoeaii
ci?ithaaoe oaieiaee ?aaeei ia/? i?ae /an iaa??ao caaioiaie c ??ciei
ii/aoeiaei oaieiaei noaiii.

O aeaa? oaeiae iaaea?oueny iien ?ioeo i?eno?i?a oa nenoai, ia?ae?/aieo
?ai?oa.

O aeiaeaoeo A i?noyoueny iaoa??aee i?i ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oa aei?iaoaaiiy
noai?aiieo cania?a oa i?eno?i?a.

AENIIAEE

Iniiaiei iaoeiaei ?acoeueoaoii aeena?oaoe??ii? ?iaioe ? ?ic?iaeai?
oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy oa iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? oaoi?/i? ??oaiiy uiaei
nenoaiiiai aiae?co i?e ae?iaieoeoa? i??iiai i?ieaoo oa o?ainii?oieo
ia?aaacaiiyo ? noai?aiiy a?aeiia?aeieo iaoiae?a, oaoi?/ieo cania?a oa
nenoai ?ioi?iaoe?eii? i?aeo?eiee ANO ?ano?nicaa??aath/eie oaoiieia?yie.

?ic?iaeai? iia? oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy oa iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? oaoi?/i?
??oaiiy eiie?aoecothoueny ianooiieie ?acoeueoaoaie:

1. Ia iniia? aiae?co oaoiieia?/ieo oiia oa ?ino?oeoe?e ?ic?iaeai? aeiiae
aei aei??thaaeueieo i?eno?i?a o i?ieaoiiio ae?iaieoeoa? oa aei i?eno?i?a
c/eooaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? c ?ooiieo ia’?eo?a.

2. ?ic?iaeaiee eiiieaeniee ?ioi?iaoe?eiee e?eoa??e, ui aeicaiey?
ii??aithaaoe oaoi?/i? caniae eiio?ieth oa aei??thaaiiy.

3. Oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaai? iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy aeonoe/ieo oaeeue
aeey noai?aiiy iaoiae?a oa oaoi?/ieo cania?a aeey aei??thaaiiy
a?aenoaiae o iaiaeii??aeiiio iia?o?yiiio na?aaeiaeu?.

4. Oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaai? iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy aeaeo?iiaai?oieo
oaeeue oa iie?a aeey ia?aaea/? aia?a?? a eiioo?, ui ?ooa?oueny,
aeinoaoiuei? aeey ?iaioe oaoi?/ieo cania?a ia?aaea/? ?ioi?iaoe?? c
?ooiieo ia’?eo?a, a oaeiae aeey aei??thaaiiy a?aenoaiae aei iiaa?oi?
i?ia?aeiiai o?ea, i?e/iio cai?iiiiiaaia a?eueo ?aoe?iiaeueia iaoiaeeea
?ic?aooieo ia?aaea/? aia?a?? ii??aiyii c iaoiaeii ?ioaa?aeueieo
??aiyiue.

5. Oia?oa io?eiai? iaoaiaoe/i? ae?ace aeey aecia/aiiy iaoiaiai iiiaioo
?oeiio aeey nioae oa oai?aoe/iiai ?aae?ona ?oeiio.

6. ?ic?iaeaiee ?yae i?ea?iaeueieo iaoiae?a, oaoi?/ieo cania?a oa nenoai
?ioi?iaoe?eii? i?aeo?eiee no/anieo ANO, ye? caoeuai? aaoi?nueeeie
na?aeioeoaaie oa iaoaioaie ? ye? ai?iaaaeaeai? o ae?iaieoeoaa.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeai o oaeeo ?iaioao:

Caeoeaa A.N. ?an/ao ia?aaea/e yia?aee a nenoaia n/eouaaiey eioi?iaoeee
// I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee.-Aei?i?iiao?ianuee: Iaoea ?
ina?oa.- 1998.-?36 ( 103 ).- N. 100 — 103.

Caeoeaa A.N. Niiniae aaceiioaeoiiai aei??thaaiiy a?aenoai? oa iae?e
ae?ia?a // Aeni?an — iiaeie: iaoea, oaoi?ea, ae?iaieoeoai.-E.:
Oe??IOA?.-1998.- ?5-6.-N.3-4.

Caeoeaa A.N. Aecia/aiiy iaoiaiai iiiaioo ? ?aae?ona ?oeiio a i?ioean?
iaiiooaaiiy aeiaaii??iiai iaoa??aeo // Aeni?an — iiaeie: iaoea, oaoi?ea,
ae?iaieoeoai.-E.: Oe??IOA?.-1998.-?5-6.-N.9-10.

Caeoeaa A.N. Iioeiecaoeey iaoiaea ?an/aoa ia?aaea/e yia?aee a nenoaia ec
aeaoo eiioo?ia // I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee.-Aei?i?iiao?ianuee:
Iaoea ? ina?oa.-1998.-?36( 103 ).- N.108 — 113.

Caeoeaa A.N. Aeae?eaiiy ei?enieo neaiae?a i?e iayaiino? caaaae o
i?eno?iyo c/eooaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? // Aeni?an — iiaeie: iaoea, oaoi?ea,
ae?iaieoeoai.-E.: Oe??IOA?.-1998.- ?5-6.-N.14-15.

Caeoeaa A.N. Io?aaeaiea caoea a iaiaeii?iaeiie iai?a?uaiie n?aaea //
Aanoiee I?eacianeiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai oaoie/aneiai
oieaa?neoaoa.-Ia?eoiieue:IAOO.- 1998.-?6.-N.367 – 371.

Caeoeaa A.N. Ecia?aiea ?annoiyiey aei iiaa?oiinoe i?iaiaeyuaai oaea //
Aanoiee I?eacianeiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai oaoie/aneiai
oieaa?neoaoa.-Ia?eoiieue.-1998.-?6.-N.372 – 376.

Aoeiia A.A., Iinaiei TH.A., Eiiae?aoaiei E.N., Caeoeaa A.N.
Enneaaeiaaiea e ?ac?aaioea aeai?eoia e ono?ienoaa ei??aeoeee i?ia?aii
iaaeaoee ia oienoieenoiaii noaia 3600 caaiaea « Acianoaeue » //
?aoa?aoeaiay eioi?iaoeey i caeii/aiiuo IE? a AOCao ONN?.-Eeaa: «Aeua
oeiea».-auione 10.-1977.-N.51 — 52.

Yeueea E.E., E?aa/aiei A.I., Caeii/ee Ae.I., Caeoeaa A.N.,

Aa?iaoiaa I.I. Aiaae?aiea nenoaiu oi?aaeaiey oaieiaui ?aaeeiii
iaoiaee/aneie ia/e a ?aeueniaaei/iii oeaoa // Noaeue.-
1975.-?5.-N.468-470.

Caeoeaa A.N. Aaoiiaoecaoeey e iaoaiecaoeey iniiaiiai e aniiiiaaoaeueiiai
iai?oaeiaaiey // a eieaa Eeeiaiei E.A.,

Iiai?aeaeueneee A.E., Ai?aeee A.N., Eiiiaaeia E.A. Oaoiieiae/aneea e
neeiaua ?aca?au i?ieaoiuo noaiia.-Iineaa:Iaoaeeo?aey.-1976.-N.220-227.

Caeoeaa A.N., Eeaoan O.N., Oai/a E.O. Aaoiiaoe/aneay nenoaia eiio?iey
?aaiou e o/aoa i?inoiy iniiaiuo aa?aaaoia iaoaeeo?ae/aneiai caaiaea //
Atheeaoaiue OeIEE e OYE *I.-1975.-?21.-N.59.

Caeoeaa A.N., Oaaei?ia A.N. ?aaeeieieaoeeiiiue aeao/ee iaee/ey iaoaeea
// Atheeaoaiue OeIEE e OYE *I.-1976.-?20.-N.42-43.

Caeoeaa A.N., Aa?aa?ia A.E., A?eoeae A.A.. Aaoiiaoecaoeey
oaoiieiae/aneeo i?ioeannia a oienoieenoiaii i?ieaoiii oeaoa //
Iaoaiecaoeey e aaoiiaoecaoeey i?iecaiaenoaa.-1978.-?2.-N.14-15.

Caeoeaa A.N., I?eooaeaeia A.ss., Nayieei A.I., Oaoeei A.N. Iiauoaiea
iaaeaaeiinoe aaaiiiii?ieeaeuaaoaey n iiiiuueth aeonoe/aneiai ono?ienoaa
eiio?iey iieiaeaiey aaaiiia // Yeni?ann-eioi?iaoeey.-Iineaa:Ii?neie
o?ainii?o.- 1980.-? 6.-N.14-17.

Caeoeaa A.N., Iinia A.A., Aaaeoeeee I.N., A?eoeae A.A. I nieaeaiee
iioa?ue i?e i?iecaiaenoaa ia?iuo eenoia ia oienoieenoiaii noaia //
Noaeue.-1981.-?5.-N.46-48.

Caeoeaa A.N., Anaoethe A.A., Naaeiaie/ee A.E. Aaoiiaoe/aneia n/eouaaiea
eioi?iaoeee n aaaiiia // I?iiuoeaiiue o?ainii?o.-1985.-?2.-N.9.

Caeoeaa A.N., Aeia?iaieueneay E.A. E aii?ino i no?oeoo?a oi?aaeaiey
yeaeo?iniaaaeaieai i?iiuoeaiiiai i?aaei?eyoey // I?eaei?i?ianueeee
iaoeiaee a?niee.-Aei?i?iiao?ianuee:Iaoea ? ina?oa.-1998.-?36(103).-N.104
— 107.

Caeoeaa A.N., Aeia?iaieueneay E.A. Eioi?iaoeeiiiua e?eoa?ee i?e
nicaeaiee ANO e yenia?oiuo nenoai // Aanoiee I?eacianeiai
ainoaooieaa?neoaoa.-Ia?eoiieue:IAOO.-1995.-?1.-N.213-216.

Caeoeaa A.N., Eicae A.A., Oeaoiia A.I. Aaoiiaoecaoeey oaoiieiae/aneeo
i?ioeannia a oienoieenoiaii i?ieaoiii oeaoa caaiaea «Acianoaeue» // Oac.
aeieeaaeia Ananithciie iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee «?ac?aaioea e
aiaae?aiea ANO i?ieaoiuie noaiaie».-Iineaa:OeIEEOYE
i?eai?ino?iaiey.-1975.-N.19.

Caeoeaa A.N., Aa?aa?ia A.E., Aaaeoeeee I.N., A?eoeae A.A. Nieaeaiea
iioa?ue i?e i?iecaiaenoaa eenoia ia oienoieenoiaii noaia // Oac.
aeieeaaeia Ananithciie iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee «?ac?aaioea e
aiaae?aiea ANO i?ieaoiuie noaiaie».-Iineaa:OeIEEOYE
i?eai?ino?iaiey.-1977.-N.11-12.

Caeoeaa A.N., Eicae A.A., Oeaoiia A.I., *a?iuoaa A.I., Aoeiia A.A.,
Oea/aa A.N. Nieaeaiea aeiee ?o/iiai o?oaea a i?ieaoiii i?iecaiaenoaa
caaiaea «Acianoaeue» // Oac. aeieeaaeia ?anioaeeeaineie iaaeio?aneaaie
iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee “Iooe nie?auaiey ?o/iiai e oyaeaeiai, a
oaeaea iaeaaeeoeoee?iaaiiiai o?oaea”.-Eeaa:Aeaaeaiey iaoe
ONN?.-1975.-auione 1.-N.92-95.

Caeoeaa A.N. Eniieueciaaiea aeonoe/aneeo e yeaeo?iiaaieoiuo aiei aeey
nicaeaiey ono?ienoa eiio?iey e ecia?aiey i?e i?iecaiaenoaa eenoiaiai
i?ieaoa // Oac. aeieeaaeia Ananithciie iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee
«I?ia?anneaiua oaoiieiae/aneea i?ioeannu a i?iecaiaenoaa
oieiaeiieaoaiiai eenoa».-Eeiaoee:OeIEEE e OYE *I.-1985.-N.48-49.

Caeoeaa A.N., Aieiaeei N.E., A?aeia N.N., Oaeei I.A. Eiiieaen nenoai
aeey eioi?iaoeeiiiiai iaania/aiey ANO OI Noaia 4500 // Oac.aeieeaaeia
Ananithciie iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee «?ac?aaioea e aiaae?aiea ANO
OI a i?ieaoiii i?iecaiaenoaa».-Iineaa:OeIEEOYE
i?eai?ino?iaiey.-1987.-N.12.

Caeoeaa A.N., Aaooei A.A. Iioeiecaoeey oai?aoe/aneeo iaoiaeia ?an/aoia
i?e eniieueciaaiee aeonoe/aneeo e yeaeo?iiaaieoiuo aiei aeey nicaeaiey
ono?ienoa eiio?iey aaiiao?e/aneeo ?acia?ia eenoa // Oac. aeieeaaeia
Ananithciie iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee «Caaea/e oaoie/aneiai
ia?aaii?oaeaiey eenoii?ieaoiiai i?iecaiaenoaa».-Aeiai?iiao?iane:OeIEEE e
OYE *I.-1987.-N.78-79.

Caeoeaa A.N. Aaoiiaoe/aneay nenoaia n/eouaaiey eioi?iaoeee n iiaeaeaeiuo
iauaeoia aeaeaciiaei?iaeiiai o?ainii?oa // Oac. aeieeaaeia ia
Ananithciii iao/ii-oaoie/aneii niaauaiee “Oi?aaeaiea ia?aaiceaie ia
iniiaa aaoiiaoecaoeee nu?ia eioi?iaoeee n iiaeaeaeiiai ninoaaa”.
-?inoia-ia-Aeiio: Oeaio?aeueiia oi?aaeaiea Ananithciiai IOI
aeaeaciiaei?iaeieeia e o?ainii?oiuo no?ieoaeae.-1990.-N.12-13.

Caeoeaa A.N. Eioi?iaoeeiiiia iaania/aiea ANO // Oac. aeieeaaeia III
?aaeiiaeueiie iao/ii-oaoi. eiioa?.-Oii III.-Ia?eoiieue:IAOO.-1995.-N.33.

Aeia?iaieueneay E.A., Caeoeaa A.N. I?eiaiaiea oai?ee eioi?iaoeee aeey
ioeaiee nenoai aaoiiaoe/aneiai eiio?iey e oi?aaeaiey // Oac. aeieeaaeia
IV ?aaeiiaeueiie iao/ii-oaoi. eiioa?.-Oii
III.-Ia?eoiieue:IAOO.-1997.-N.26.

Aeia?iaieueneay E.A., Caeoeaa A.N.. I?eiaiaiea eiiieaeniiai
eioi?iaoeeiiiiai e?eoa?ey i?e auai?a n?aaenoa e nenoai eiio?iey // Oac.
aeieeaaeia V ?aaeiiaeueiie iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee.-Oii
III.-Ia?eoiieue:IAOO.-1998.-N.37.

Caeoeaa A.N., Eeueaoo/aiei TH.A. Eeiaa?ecaoeey iaeeiaeiuo oa?aeoa?enoee
ia?ae/iuo i?aia?aciaaoaeae // Oac. aeieeaaeia V ?aaeiiaeueiie
iao/ii-oaoi. eiioa?.- Oii III.-Ia?eoiieue:IAOO.-N.38.

Ia?o?noue aaoi?a i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ia?ae?/aieie ieae/a iaoaioaie ia
aeiao?aee oa aaoi?nueeeie na?aeioeoaaie:

1.A.n. 1158864 NNN?, IEE G01B17/00. Niinia ecia?aiey ?annoiyiey aei
iiaa?oiinoe iaa?aoiai oaea / A.N.Caeoeaa, A.A.Aaooei, A.E.Iai/oa,
A.A.Aiaeueyiia (NNN?).-?3629438; Cayaeaii 5.08.83; Iioae. 30.05.85,
Athe.?20.-2n. ee.

2.A.n. 413726 NNN?, IEE B23G15/06. Nenoaia ?aoeeiiaeueiiai ii?aca
i?ieaoaiiuo ia caaioiai/iii noaia iiein iaoaeea / A.I.*a?iuoaa,
A.A.Aoeiia, N.O.Ieeneaiianeee, A.N.Caeoeaa (NNN?).-?1751207/25-27;
Cayaeaii 25.02.72; Ca?aaeno?e?iaaii 05.10.73.-5n.ee. A ioe?uoie ia/aoe
ia ioaeeeiaaeinue.

3.A.n. 1133156 NNN?, IEE B61L25/02. Ono?ienoai aeey n/eouaaiey
eioi?iaoeee n eiaeiauo ieanoei iiaeaeaeiuo iauaeoia / A.N.Caeoeaa,
A.A.Anaoethe, A.E.Naaeiaie/ee (NNN?).-?3461079; Cayaeaii 13.05.82;
Iioae. 07.01.85. Athe.?1.-4n.ee.

4.A.n. 641473 NNN?, IEE G06M7/02. Niinia o/aoa ecaeaeee / A.N.Caeoeaa,
I.E.*oaeiiaaoe, A.A.A?eoeae, TH.I.Aoeiia (NNN?).-?2458635; Cayaeaii
04.03.77; Iioae. 05.01.79,Athe.?1.-4n.

5.A.n. 781566 NNN?, IEE G01B17/00. Niinia aaneiioaeoiiai ecia?aiey
?annoiyiee / A.N.Caeoeaa, A.A.Aaooei (NNN?).-?2718079; Cayaeaii
29.01.79; Iioae. 23.11.80, Athe.?43.-4n.

6.A.n. 1343238 NNN?, IEE G01B7/12. . Niinia ii?aaeaeaiey oai?aoe/aneiai
?aaeeona ?oeiia a i?ioeanna iaiioee aeeeiiiia?iiai iaoa?eaea /
A.E.Iaco?, A.N.Caeoeaa, A.E.Iae/a, A.A.Aaooei, A.A.Ia?naithe, I.A.Oaeei,
E.A.Etha/aiei (NNN?).-?4055486; Cayaeaii 14.04.86; Iioae. 07.10.87,
Athe.?37.-4n.ee.

7.A.n. 1357104 NNN?, IEE B21C47/00. . Niinia ii?aaeaeaiey iaoiaiai
iiiaioa ?oeiia iieinu a i?ioeanna iaiioee / A.N.Caeoeaa, A.E.Iaco?,
A.E.Iae/a, A.A.Aaooei, A.A.Ia?naithe, I.A.Oaeei, E.A.Etha/aiei
(NNN?).-?4058437; Cayaeaii 16.04.86; Iioae. 07.12.87, Athe.?45.-3n.ee.

8.A.n. 1125905 NNN?, IEE B61L25/02. Ono?ienoai aeey n/eouaaiey
eioi?iaoeee n iiaeaeaeiuo iauaeoia aeaeaciiaei?iaeiiai o?ainii?oa /
A.N.Caeoeaa, A.E.Aona?ia, A.A.Anaoethe e A.E.Naaeiaie/ee
(NNN?).-?3651657/27-11;Cayaeaii 10.10.83; Ca?aaeno?e?iaaii
23.07.84.-3n.ee. A ioe?uoie ia/aoe ia ioaeeeiaaeinue.

9.A.n. 1394619 NNN?, IEE B61L25/02, G06K19/00. Ono?ienoai aeey ia?aaea/e
eioi?iaoeee n iiaeaeaeiuo iauaeoia aeaeaciiaei?iaeiiai o?ainii?oa /
A.N.Caeoeaa, A.E.Aona?ia, E.O.Oaa/aiei, A.A.Anaoethe e A.E.Naaeiaie/ee
(NNN?). -?3981109/31-11;Cayaeaii 15.10.85; Ca?aaeno?e?iaaii
08.01.88.-4n.ee. A ioe?uoie ia/aoe ia ioaeeeiaaeinue.

10.A.n. 1550770 NNN?, IEE B61L25/00. Ono?ienoai aeey n/eouaaiey
eioi?iaoeee n iiaeaeaeiuo iauaeoia aeaeaciiaei?iaeiiai o?ainii?oa /
A.N.Caeoeaa, A.A.Anaoethe, A.E.Naaeiaie/ee (NNN?).-?4188777/27-11;
Cayaeaii 15.12.86; Ca?aaeno?e?iaaii 15.11.89.-4n.ee. A ioe?uoie ia/aoe
ia ioaeeeiaaeinue.

11.Iao. 2003544 ?inney, IEE B61L25/02. Ono?ienoai aeey n/eouaaiey
oi?ie?oaiie ia iiaeaeaeiuo iauaeoao aeaeaciiaei?iaeiiai o?ainii?oa
eioi?iaoeee / A.N.Caeoeaa (Oe?aeia).-?4918531/11; Cayae. 12.03.91;
Iioae. 30.11.93, Athe.?43-44.-12n.ee.

12.Iao. 2001801 ?inney, IEE B61L1/08. Oi/a/iue ?aciiainiue iooaaie
aeao/ee / A.N.Caeoeaa, A.E.Naaeiaie/ee (Oe?aeia).-?4792607/11; Cayae.
19.02.90; Iioae. 30.10.93, Athe.?39-40.-8n.ee.

13.Iao. 2042551 ?inney, IEE B61L25/02. Ono?ienoai aeey n/eouaaiey
niaiiie eioi?iaoeee n iiaeaeaeiuo iauaeoia aeaeaciiaei?iaeiiai
o?ainii?oa / A.N.Caeoeaa, A.E.Naaeiaie/ee (Oe?aeia).-?4932233/11; Cayae.
12.03.91; Iioae. 27.08.95, Athe.?24.-10n.ee.

14.Iao. UA 17491A Oe?a?ia, IIE 6B22D11/126. I?eno??e aeey iaea?aeaiiy
caaioiaie noaa?eueii? iane ia iaoeiao aacia?a?aiiai eeooy caaioiaie /
A.N.Caeoeaa (Oe?a?ia).-?95094198; Cayae. 19.09.95; Iioae. 31.10.97,
Athe.?5.-11n.?e.

15.Iao. UA 21752A Oe?a?ia, IIE 6B61L21/06. I?eno??e eiio?ieth caeiyoino?
cae?cie/ii? eie?? / A. N. Caeoeaa (Oe?a?ia).-?94023400; Cayae. 08.02.94;
Iioae. 30.04.98, Athe.?2.-8n.?e.

Caeoeaa A. N. Oai?aoe/ii iniiae ?ic?iaeaiiy oa canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeia,
oaoii/ieo caniaia oa nenoai iioi?iaoeieii? iiaeo?eiee ANO
?ano?nicaa??aath/eie oaoiieiaiyie a iaoaeo?aieiiio ae?iaieoeoai.

Aeena?oaoeiy ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a oaoii/ieo iaoe ca
niaoeiaeueiinoth 05.13.05 — aeaiaioe oa i?eno?i? ia/enethaaeueii?
oaoiiee oa nenoai ea?oaaiiy. -Iinoeooo eiaa?iaoeee ii. A.I. Aeooeiaa IAI
Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

?iaioa iinoeoue oai?aoe/ii aeineiaeaeaiiy oa aiaeic uiaei ii?iiai
i?ieaoo oa o?ainii?oieo ia?aaacaiue ia iaoaeo?aieiiio iiaei?e?inoai ia
?icieo ae?eyieao oaoiieiai/iiai ia?a?iaeaiiy. Ia i?aenoaa? nenoaiiiai
aiae?co iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae oa aeai?eoi?a, ye? iiiiiicothoue ao?aoe
ae?iaieoeoaa, noi?ioeueiaai? aeiiae uiaei oaoi?/ieo i?eno?i?a eiio?ieth
oa aeii?thaaiiy. Oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaia iiaeeeainoue noai?aiiy
i?eioeeiiai iiaeo cania?a oa i?eno?i?a, ui aeei?enoiaothoue yaeua, yei
aeieeathoue i?e ?iciianthaeaeaii? oa a?aeaeooi aeonoe/ieo oa
aeaeo?iiaaiioieo oaeeue. Iaaeaii iien oeeo i?eno?i?a, i?ecia/aieo aeey
aeii?thaaiiy aiaenoaiae o iaiaeii?iaeieo na?aaeiaeuao oa aeey c/eooaaiiy
iioi?iaoei? c ?ooiieo ia’?eoia, yei ia iathoue aaoiiiiieo aeaea?ae
aeeaeaiiy.

Eeth/iai neiaa: oai?aoe/i? iniiae, aeonoe/i? oa aeaeo?iiaai?oi? oaee?,
iaoiaee, oaoi?/i? caniae, nenoaie.

Caeoeaa A.N. Oai?aoe/aneea iniiau ?ac?aaioee e i?eiaiaiea iaoiaeia,
oaoie/aneeo n?aaenoa e nenoai eioi?iaoeeiiiie iiaeaea?aeee ANO
?ano?ninaa?aaathueie oaoiieiaeyie a iaoaeeo?ae/aneii i?iecaiaenoaa.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii
niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.13.05 — yeaiaiou e ono?ienoaa au/eneeoaeueiie oaoieee
e nenoai oi?aaeaiey. Einoeooo eeaa?iaoeee ei. A.I. Aeooeiaa IAI Oe?aeiu,
Eeaa, 1999.

A ?aaioa ia iniiaa nenoaiiiai iiaeoiaea e aiaeeco oaoiieiae/aneeo
i?ioeannia, naycaiiuo n i?iecaiaenoaii iaeioi?uo aeaeia i?ieaoa e n
ia?aaiceaie aeeaeeiai /oaoia, noi?ioee?iaaiu o?aaiaaiey e oaoie/aneei
n?aaenoaai eiio?iey e ecia?aiey. Aeaiiua eiio?iey e ecia?aiey iaeioi?uo
ia?aiao?ia iaiaoiaeeiu aeey oniaoiiai ooieoeeiie?iaaiey ANO
?ano?ninaa?aaathueie oaoiieiaeyie.

Oae, i?e i?iecaiaenoaa ia?iiai i?ieaoa aiaae?aiea nenoai aeice?iaaiey
caaioiaie ii ianna iicaieyao nouanoaaiii oiaiueoeoue iioa?e, naycaiiua n
ooiaeii aiaeiiai iaoaeea a ia?acue e n iieo/aieai oei?i/aiiuo ecaeaeee,
?aaeecoaiuo ii aieaa ieceie oeaia. Aeey nicaeaiey oaeeo nenoai
iaiaoiaeeiu ono?ienoaa, eiio?iee?othuea aaiiao?e/aneea ?acia?u i?ieaoa.
I?e o?ainii?oe?iaea aeeaeeiai /oaoia iaiaoiaeeii no?aieoueny e
nieaeaieth iioa?ue oaiea i?e aai o?ainii?oe?iaea ec aeiiaiiiai oeaoa a
ieena?iua ioaeaeaiey eenei?iaeii-eiiaa?oa?iiai e ia?oaiianeiai oeaoia.
Yoi noaiiaeony aiciiaeiui i?e nicaeaiee ono?ienoa neaaeaiey ca
/oaoiiaiciuie eiaoaie ii iooe eo neaaeiaaiey io ianoa iaeeaee a
aeiiaiiii oeaoa aei ieena?iiai ioaeaeaiey, a oaeaea eiio?iey ca
noaiaiueth iaiieiaiey eiaoae.

Ia iniiaa aeaoaeueiiai aiaeeca nouanoaothueo oaoie/aneeo n?aaenoa
onoaiiaeaii, /oi aeey ecia?aiey aaiiao?e/aneeo ?acia?ia caaioiaie ia
nouanoaoao ono?ienoa, iicaieythueo a ianoiyuaa a?aiy inouanoaeyoue yoo
iia?aoeeth aac aiaoaoaeuenoaa /aeiaaea. Oaeaea ia nouanoaoao ono?ienoa,
iicaieythueo n/eouaaoue eioi?iaoeeth n iiaeaeaeiuo iauaeoia, ia eiathueo
aaoiiiiiuo enoi/ieeia ieoaiey e eiio?iee?iaaoue o?iaaiue iaeeaee
aeeaeeiai /oaoia a eiao.

Aeey aieaa iainiiaaiiiai auai?a oaoie/aneeo n?aaenoa, eae oaea
nouanoaothueo, oae e aiiaue nicaeaaaaiuo, i?aaeeiaeai eiiieaeniue
eioi?iaoeeiiiue e?eoa?ee.

E?eoa?ee o/eouaaao eiee/anoai eioi?iaoeee, iieo/aaiie n iiiiuueth
n?aaenoaa ecia?aiey, iaaeaaeiinoue, auno?iaeaenoaea e noieiinoue
n?aaenoaa ecia?aiey.

Oai?aoe/anee iainiiaaia aiciiaeiinoue eniieueciaaiey yaeaiee
eioa?oa?aioeee e aeeo?aeoeee aeonoe/aneeo aiei aeey ecia?aiey
aaiiao?e/aneeo ?acia?ia aeonoe/anee iai?ic?a/iuo oae.

Oaeaea oai?aoe/anee iainiiaaia aiciiaeiinoue ecia?aiey ?annoiyiee n
iiiiuueth aeonoe/aneeo aiei a iaiaeii?iaeiie aicaeooiie n?aaea e
?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea oaeeo ecia?aiee. Enneaaeiaaia eo/aaay ea?oeia i?e
ii?iaeueiii e iaeeiiiii iaaeaiee aeonoe/aneeo aiei ia io?aaeathuoth
iiaa?oiinoue, a /anoiinoe aaeece iaa?aoiai oaea. Ia yoie iniiaa
?ac?aaioaiu iiaua niiniau e ono?ienoaa eiio?iey e ecia?aiey n iiiiuueth
aeonoe/aneeo aiei. A oii /enea:

niinia o/aoa ecaeaeee;

niinia aaneiioaeoiiai ecia?aiey ?annoiyiee;

niinia ecia?aiey ?annoiyiey aei iiaa?oiinoe iaa?aoiai oaea;

niinia ii?aaeaeaiey oai?aoe/aneiai ?aaeeona ?oeiia a i?ioeanna iaiioee
aeieaiia?iiai iaoa?eaea;

niinia ii?aaeaeaiey iaoiaiai iiiaioa ?oeiia iieinu a i?ioeanna iaiioee;

ono?ienoai aeey n/eouaaiey eioi?iaoeee n eiaeiauo ieanoei iiaeaeaeiuo
iauaeoia.

Oai?aoe/anee iainiiaaia aiciiaeiinoue ia?aaea/e yia?aee a aeaeaeoueeny
eiioo?, aeinoaoi/iie aeey ?aaiou eiaeiauo aeao/eeia, n iiiiuueth
yeaeo?iiaaieoiiai iiey. I?e yoii i?aaeeiaeaia aieaa ?aoeeiiaeueiay ii
n?aaiaieth n iaoiaeii eioaa?aeueiuo o?aaiaiee iaoiaeeea ?an/aoa
ia?aaea/e yia?aee a nenoaia ec aeaoo eiioo?ia. Oai?aoe/anee iainiiaaia
aiciiaeiinoue ecia?aiey ?annoiyiey aei iiaa?oiinoe i?iaiaeyuaai oaea n
iiiiuueth nenoaiu ec aeaoo eiioo?ia. Ia yoie iniiaa ?ac?aaioaiu iiaua
niiniau e ono?ienoaa eiio?iey e ecia?aiey n iiiiuueth yeaeo?iiaaieoiuo
iieae, a oii /enea:

ono?ienoaa aeey n/eouaaiey ?acee/iie eioi?iaoeee n aeaeaeoueony iauaeoia
aeaeaciiaei?iaeiiai o?ainii?oa;

oi/a/iue iooaaie aeao/ee;

nenoaia eiio?iey caiyoinoe aeaeaciiaei?iaeiie eieae.

Aeey iiauoaiey oi/iinoe ai?y/ae i?ieaoee eenoia ii oieueia a ?aaeeia
aaoiiaoe/aneiai oi?aaeaiey oienoieenoiaui noaiii ii aeanoeei i?ia?aiiai
?ac?aaioai aeai?eoi iaaeaoee. Ia iniiaa aiaeeca cia/aiee ia?aiao?ia a
ninaaeieo i?iioneao iieo/aia yiie?e/aneay oi?ioea aeey ii?aaeaeaiey
aeaaeaiey a neaaeothuai i?iionea.

Aeey noaaeeecaoeee oaiia?aoo?u iaa?aaa caaioiaie, e, eae neaaenoaea,
aeey noaaeeecaoeee aana iiaiiiiai iao?a ia?iiai i?ieaoa ?ac?aaioaia
nenoaia oi?aaeaiey oaieiaui ?aaeeiii iaoiaee/aneie ia/e. Oi?aaeaiea
iaa?aaii iaoaeea inouanoaeyaony ii oaiia?aoo?a aai iiaa?oiinoe n o/aoii
?aciiai ia/aeueiiai oaieiaiai ninoiyiey caaioiaie.

A aeenna?oaoeee aeaaony iiae?iaiia iienaiea niiniaia, ono?ienoa e
nenoai, ?aaeecothueo iieo/aiiua oai?aoe/aneea iieiaeaiey.

Ia iniiaiua niiniau e ono?ienoaa iieo/aiu aaoi?neea naeaeaoaeuenoaa e
iaoaiou, /oi iiaeoaa?aeaeaao i?ei?eoaoiinoue iienuaaaiuo ?ac?aaioie.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oai?aoe/aneea iniiau, aeonoe/aneea e yeaeo?iiaaieoiua
aieiu, iaoiaeu, oaoie/aneea n?aaenoaa, nenoaiu.

Zaitzev V.S. Theoretical foundations for development and application of
methods, technological means and information systems for resource saving
technologies in metal production.

This dissertation is offered in fulfilment of the requirements for the
Sc.D. in Engineering specialising in computer engineering elements and
devices, control systems. Speciality 05.13.05. Glushkovs Institute of
Cybernetics, National Ukraine Academy of Sciences, Kiev, 1999.

The author has investigated and analysed the production of rolled stock
in sections as well as the mean of transportation involved at different
stages of technological this process.

Mathematical models and algorithms minimising the production losses have
developed on the basis of system approach.

Requirements for technical means of control and measurements are
identified. Theoretical substantiation is given the possibility of
changing basically new methods and devices using the phenomena shut
occur when acoustic and electromagnetic waves expand and reflect. The
devices designed to be used for measuring distance in heterogeneous
media as well as for reading the information from the mobile objects
that are not equipped with autonomous power sources are described.

Key words: theoretical foundation, acoustic and electromagnetic waves,
methods, technological means, system.

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