??AIAINUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OAOI?*IEE

OI?AA?NEOAO

Oeaioe Ieeiea Ieeieaeiae/

OAeE 532.546

OAI?AOE*I? INIIAE O?EUeO?AOe?? A NA?AAeIAEUAO,

UI AeAOI?IOTHOUeNss, OA ?O CANOINOAAIIss

A IAEANO? Ae?AIAAEO

05.23.16 — a?ae?aae?ea oa ?iaeaia?ia a?ae?ieia?y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

AeIEOI?A OAOI?*IEO IAOE

??aia ( 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ??aiainueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
(?AeOO) I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio: AeIEO???A AIAOIE?E OAAeI?IAE*

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e a?ae?ioaoi?/ieo nii?oae ?AeOO

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: EAA?EE AIEIAeEIE? ?AAIIAE*

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy

? i?iaiicoaaiiy aiaeieo aeinenoai ?inoeoooo

a?ae?ia?ieia?? IAI Oe?a?ie

IIEssEIA AAAeEI EAIIO?EIAE*

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee

ni?a?ia?oiee ?inoeoooo a?ae?iiaoai?ee IAI Oe?a?ie

OOEEIA AAEA??E ?AAIIAE*

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e a?ae?aae?ee oa a?ae?ieia??

N.-Iaoa?ao?cueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo

oeyo?a niieo/aiiy

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oe?a?inueeee o?ainii?oiee oi?aa?neoao

I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «27» n?/iy 2000 ?. i 14-e aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 47.104.01 o ??aiainueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 33000, i. ??aia, aoe. Niai?ia, 11.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? ??aiainueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: i. ??aia, aoe.
I?eoiaeueea, 75.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «24» a?oaeiy 1999 ?.

O/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

e.o.i., aeioeaio
Aino??eia A.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iaoo?ia aea/aiiy ?iaioe ae?aiaaeieo nenoai aeyaeei,
ui a?ey o?aoeie ae?aiaaeo ia aeeiio? i?iaeoieo ooieoe?e, oiaoi
iaaeiinooo? caie?, a oiio iio?aao? aeino?ieiai? ?aeiino?oeoe??. I?e/eie,
ui i?ecaiaeyoue aei oaeiai noaio, iia’ycai?, a iniiaiiio, c ?ooii aiaee
a iaaeieiae?aii?e cii? oa a?ae?iaeeiai?/iith ae??th o?eueo?aoe?eiiai
iioieo ia a?oio. I?e o?eueo?aoe?? a a?oioao a?aeaoaathoueny ??ciiai
?iaeo aeaoi?iaoe?ei? i?ioeane: ia?ai???ioaoe?y /anoeiie iai?aaeeueii?
oi?ie o i?inoi?? i?ae ae??th iai?oaeaiiino? iiey a?aae??io?a iaii?o,
nooic?y, eieueiaoaae. Iaoai?ci ae?? ae?aiaaeo ia i?eieea ?, iniaeeai, ia
/anoeiee a?oioo, ye? iiaeooue ia?ai?uoaaoeny a ii?ao, ia ?ice?eoee a o?e
i???, uia eiai iiaeia aoei iienaoe aiae?oe/ii c iaoith aeei?enoaiiy a
?iaeaia?i?e i?aeoeoe?.

Oaia? iaaoaathoue iioe?aiiy inoooaaeueii-caieiaeoaaeuei? nenoaie, ye?
a?eueo aeineiiae? ii??aiyii c inoooaaeueieie, oa nenoaie
aioo??oiueia?oioiaiai caieiaeaiiy. sseui ae inoooaaeueia ae?y ae?aiaaeo
ia iaaieo iaoiaee/ieo canaaeao aea/aeany o aaaaoueio iaoeiaeo ?
ae?iaie/eo i?aai?caoe?yo, oi aieea ?iaioe eiino?oeoe?e a ?aaeei?
caieiaeaiiy, a oei a?eueoa a oeeee?/iiio ?aaeei? (/a?aoaaiiy inooaiiy ?
caieiaeaiiy), ia aeaoi?iaoe?ei? i?ioeane a a?oio? i?aeoe/ii ia
aeine?aeaeaia. I?e i?iaeooaaii? inoooaaeueii-caieiaeoaaeueieo nenoai
aaaaea?oueny, ui ?iaioa ae?ai a ?aaeei? i?aea?oioiaiai caieiaeaiiy o
o?eueo?aoe?eiiio a?aeiioaii? ia a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae ?aaeeio inooaiiy.
A?aenooi?noue iaiao?aeieo aeaieo, ye? a iaa?oioiaaii i?aeoaa?aeaeoaaee
iaiao?aei?noue a?aooaaiiy o?eueo?aoe?eieo aeaoi?iaoe?e, ? i?e/eiith
oiai, ui a on?o cai?iiiiiaaieo iaoiaeeeao ?ic?aooieo caieiaeaiiy
eiao?oe??io o?eueo?aoe?? a?oioo i?eeia?oueny iino?eiei. Iaa?aooaaiiy
ci?ie eiao?oe??ioa o?eueo?aoe?? a?oioo i?aeoe/ii ciaoe?ith? ?nioth/?
iaoiaeeee ? i?eaiaeeoue aei a?aeiia o ?iaio?
inoooaaeueii-caieiaeoaaeueieo nenoai.

Aiae?c canoinoaaiiy iniia oai??? o?eueo?aoe?? aei ?ica’ycaiiy caaea/
ae?aioaaiiy a?oio?a iieaco?, ui a?aeiieo aeeoa?aioe?aeueieo ??aiyiue
iaaeinoaoiuei aeey iiaoaeiae iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? nooic?eieo
aeaoi?iaoe?e i?e o?eueo?aoe?? ??aeeie e??cue ca?ieno? na?aaeiaeua.
?nioth/a iaoiaeeea o?eueo?aoe?eieo ?ic?aooie?a aaco?oueny ia
iaaeiiouaii? iaoai?/ii? nooic??, iai?eeeaae, i?e i?iaeooaaii? cai?ioieo
o?eueo??a a?ae?ioaoi?/ieo nii?oae, yeui ? aeiionea?oueny aeianaiiy
nooic?eieo /anoeiie e??cue caoeni? o?eueo?e ae?ai iae?i?aoeaieo nenoai,
oi ia anoaiiaeththoueny iane?aeee oaeiai i?ioeano. Aeey a?aooaaiiy
?icaeoeo nooic?eieo aeaoi?iaoe?e oa ?o aieeao ia ia?aoi?ioaaiiy
eiao?oe??ioa o?eueo?aoe?? a?oioo, ioaea, ? ia o?eueo?aoe?eio aeo?aoo,
aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue a aeiiiaiaii? iniiaieo ??aiyiue aaio?ce/ii?
o?eueo?aoe?? ??aiyiiyie, ui iienothoue ia?ai?uaiiy nooic?eieo /anoeiie
oa aaeain ?o ian.

Ioaea, i?iaeaia aeaoi?iaoe?eieo i?ioean?a a a?oioao aeooaeueia aeey
ae?aiaaeieo eiino?oeoe?e a?ae?ioaoi?/ieo nii?oae ?, iniaeeai, aeey
iae?i?aoeaiiai ae?aiaaeo /a?ac oa, ui i?aeoe/ii an? iaca’yci? a?oioe, a
yeeo aoaeothoueny ae?aiaaei? nenoaie, a o?e /e ?io?e i??? nooic?ei?.
Aeey Oe?a?ie, aea n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueea ae?iaieoeoai ? iaeiei ?c
i??i?eoaoieo iai?yie?a ?icaeoeo, ?ica’ycaiiy oe??? i?iaeaie ia? aaaeeeaa
cia/aiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa aeeiiaia
ca ieaiaie iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o ??aiainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo, ui ?ic?iaeyeenue ca ainiiaea?nueeith oa
ainathaeaeaoiith oaiaoeeaie a?aeiia?aeii aei eiiieaenieo nithcieo ?
?anioae?eainueeeo aaeocaaeo iaoeiaeo i?ia?ai c iae?i?aoe?? oa
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa i?ioyaii 1982-1998 ?.?., a oiio /ene? ca
eii?aeeiaoe?eiei ieaiii Aea?aeeii?oaoo N?N? ii iaooe? ? oaoi?oe? ii
i?iaeai? I.Oe.034 «I?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? iae?i?iaaieo caiaeue ?
aeei?enoaiiy aiaeieo ?ano?n?a a iae?i?aoe??», ca ieaiii ?ic?iaee
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? i?iaeoeoe?? ? iaaeaiiy iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo iineoa
I?iaiaeainio O?N?, eiiieaenia oaia IV-86-17 «Oaeineiiaeaiiy
eiino?oeoe?e, iaoiae?a ?ic?aooieo, i?iaeooaaiiy, oaoiieia??
aoae?aieoeoaa ? aenieoaoaoe?? inoooaaeueii-caieiaeoaaeueieo nenoai» oa
?icae?eii i?aeaoc?anueei? oe?eueiai? eiiieaenii? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii?
i?ia?aie «I?enei?aiiy iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai i?ia?ano a iae?i?aoe?? ia
iniia? ?ic?iaee oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ia?aaeiaeo oaoiieia?e, aaoiiaoecaoe??,
iaoai?caoe?? ? oaeineiiaeaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa».

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoa ?iaioe — ?ic?iaeoe iaoaiaoe/io
iiaeaeue aeey noi?niiai iieno iae?i?eii? o?eueo?aoe?? a ca?ienoiio
na?aaeiaeu? oa nooic?eieo i?ioean?a, aeeeeeaieo ae??th nee c aieo
o?eueo?aoe?eiiai iioieo, ? ia ?? iniia? io?eiaoe aiae?oe/i? ?ica’ycee
a?aeiia?aeieo e?aeiaeo caaea/, ye? iiaeia aeei?enoaoe a ?iaeaia?i?e
i?aeoeoe? a?ae?ioaoi?/iiai ? iae?i?aoeaiiai aoae?aieoeoaa.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe iaio?aeii ae??oeoe ianooii? caaea/?:

( ?ic?iaeoe nenoaio aeeoa?aioe?aeueieo ??aiyiue aeey noi?niiai iieno
aca?iiaieeaiaeo i?ioean?a o?eueo?aoe?? a ca?ienoeo na?aaeiaeuao ?
ia?ai?uaiy nooic?eieo /anoeiie;

( iinoaaeoe e?aeia? caaea/? iae?i?eii? o?eueo?aoe?? c i?neyae??th, oiaoi
c a?aooaaiiyi aeaoi?iaoe?eieo i?ioean?a, oa ?ic?iaeoe i?aeoiaee aei ?o
?ica’ycaiiy;

( io?eiaoe aiae?oe/i? ?ica’ycee caaea/ o?eueo?aoe?? i?e noaa?e?caoe??
nooic?eieo i?ioean?a, ye? iiaeia aaciina?aaeiuei aeei?enoaoe i?e
ae??oaii? aeooaeueieo i?aeoe/ieo i?iaeai;

( ?ic?iaeoe iiaeae? cao?aiue a a?oioao ??ciiai a?aioeiiao?e/iiai neeaaeo
? ia iniia? ?ica’ycaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo e?aeiaeo caaea/ o?eueo?aoe??
aecia/eoe aieea aeaoi?iaoe?eieo i?ioean?a ia ?iaioo ae?aiaaeieo
eiino?oeoe?e;

( aeeiiaoe iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy iae?i?eieo i?ioean?a o?eueo?aoe??
?c caieiaeoaa/a a na?aaeiaeua, ui aeaoi?io?oueny, ? ia eiai iniia?
io?eiaoe iioeiaeuei? cia/aiy aieeaiaeo ia?aiao??a;

( eaai?aoi?ieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeoe aieea a?aae??ioa iaii?o ia
ci?io eiao?oe??ioa o?eueo?aoe?? a?oio?a ??ciiai a?aioeiiao?e/iiai
neeaaeo oa io?eiaoe eiai e?euee?ni? oa?aeoa?enoeee;

( i?iaanoe eaai?aoi?i? oa iaoo?i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaoi?iaoe?eieo
i?ioean?a a a?oio? aeiaeiea ae?aiaaeieo eiino?oeoe?e oa caieiaeoaa/?a ?
ia ?o iniia? anoaiiaeoe aaeaeaaoi?noue oai?aoe/ieo ?ica’yce?a
aeine?aeiei aeaiei;

( ?ic?iaeoe: ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii o?eueo?aoe?eiiio ?ic?aooieo
inoooaaeueii-caieiaeoaaeueieo nenoai c a?aooaaiiyi aeaoi?iaoe?eieo
i?ioean?a a a?oio? i?eae?aiii? ciie; ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii aecia/aiith
oaa?aeiai noieo, aeeeeeaiiai nooic?eieie i?ioeanaie; e?eoa??aeuei?
??aiyiiy aeey eiino?othaaiiy ae?ai iioeiaeueieo ?ici???a oa anoaiiaeaiiy
aacia/ieo oiia ?o aenieoaoaoe??.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui aia?oa
noai?aia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue, yea iieno? aca?iiaieeaiaee i?ioean
o?eueo?aoe?? a ca?ienoiio na?aaeiaeu? ? nooic?eieo aeaoi?iaoe?e a cii?
ae?? a?aae??io?a iaii?o aeueo ca e?eoe/i?. Ia iniia? aeei?enoaiiy oe???
iiaeae? a ii?aeiaii? c aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie io?eiai?
ianooii? iia? ?acoeueoaoe:

( anoaiiaeaii, ui aeaoi?iaoe?ei? i?ioeane /a?ac ci?io eiao?oe??ioa
o?eueo?aoe?? a?oioo cia/eii aieeaathoue ia ooieoe?? ?iciiae?eo iaii??a,
?o a?aae??io?a oa o?eueo?aoe?eio aeo?aoo;

( ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue,
yea aeicaiey? anoaiiaethaaoe ci?io eiao?oe??ioa o?eueo?aoe?? nooic?eieo
? ianooic?eieo a?oio?a a i?eae?aii?e cii? i?e ?iaio? ae?aiaaeieo
eiino?oeoe?e a ?aaeeiao inooaiiy ? caieiaeaiiy;

( iinoaaeaii caaea/? o?eueo?aoe?? aeiaeiea ae?ai i?e ?o ?iaio? a
?aaeeiao inooaiiy ? caieiaeaiiy oa io?eiai? aiae?oe/i? ?ica’ycee, ye?
a?aoiaothoue iane?aeee aeaoi?iaoe?eieo i?ioean?a a a?oio? i?eae?aiii?
ciie;

(io?eiaii e?eoa??aeuei? ??aiyiiy aeey aecia/aiiy ?ici???a ae?aiaaeieo
eiino?oeoe?e oa aeiionoeieo cia/aiue iaii??a c oiiae iaaeiiouaiiy
iaaaoeaieo iane?aee?a iaoai?/ii? nooic?? oa eieueiaoaaeo;

( aeeiiaii iiaeaethaaiiy aeaoi?iaoe?eieo i?ioean?a a a?oioao ??ciiai
a?aioeiiao?e/iiai neeaaeo i?e ??cieo oiiaao oi?ioaaiiy cii nooic?? oa
eieueiaoaaeo;

( aeiaeaoeiai aei e?eoe/iiai a?aae??ioa iaii?o aaaaeaii iia? ia?aiao?e,
ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue aeanoea?noue a?oio?a ci?ithaaoe eiao?oe??io
o?eueo?aoe?? i?e ci?i? ae?th/eo a?aae??io?a;

( canoiniaaii e?eoe/iee a?aae??io coieiee nooic?eieo /anoeiie, yeee ?
ooieoe??th oa?aeoa?enoee a?oioo oa a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo ia?aiao??a iioieo,
ui aeicaieeei io?eiaoe aiae?oe/i? ?ica’ycee caaea/ o?eueo?aoe?? i?e
?iaio? ae?ai a ?aaeei? caieiaeaiiy;

( io?eiaia oi?aa?naeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea aiaeii?eeiaeueii? ni?iiiaeiino?
ae?aiaaeieo eiino?oeoe?e ca oa?aeoa?ii ?ice?eooy ieanoa, yea, ia
a?aei?io a?ae aeiaeaoeiaiai o?eueo?aoe?eiiai iii?o, ia caeaaeeoue a?ae
eiao?oe??ioa o?eueo?aoe?? a?oioo;

( anoaiiaeaii, ui aiaeii?eeiaeueia ni?iiiaei?noue ae?ai
inoooaaeueii-caieiaeoaaeueieo nenoai i?e ?o ?iaio? a ?aaeei? caieiaeaiiy
? oeeee?/iiio ?aaeei? cia/eii a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae ?aaeeio inooaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa?, aieiaiei /eiii, o
oiio, ui aiie aeicaieythoue a?aoiaoaaoe aieea aeaoi?iaoe?eieo i?ioean?a
a a?oio? a i?eae?aii?e cii? ia ?iaioo inoooaaeueii-caieiaeoaaeueieo
nenoai ? nenoai aioo??oiueia?oioiaiai caieiaeaiiy, a naia:

( aecia/eoe i?eieea aei ae?ai ? aeo?aoo ?c caieiaeoaa/?a aeey ??cieo
ae?th/eo a?aae??io?a oa a?oioiaeo oiia i?e aeieeiaii? iaoai?/ii? nooic??
oa eieueiaoaaeo;

( ia/eneeoe ia’?i oaa?aeiai noieo oa ?aaoethaaoe eiai aaee/eio;

( anoaiiaeoe aenieoaoaoe?ei? aeiiae oa i?iaeooaaoe ae?aiaaei?
eiino?oeoe?? c oaeeie ia?aiao?aie, i?e yeeo ia aeieeathoue
aeaoi?iaoe?ei? i?ioeane, aai aiie ia i?ecaiaeyoue aei iaaaoeaieo
iane?aee?a.

?acoeueoaoe iaoeiai? ?iaioe aoee aeei?enoai? a «Iin?aieeo c
i?iaeooaaiiy ? aenieoaoaoe?? inoooaaeueii-caieiaeoaaeueieo nenoai
Oe?a?inueei? ?N?» (AI O?N?, ?inoeooo a?ae?iiaoai?ee, Ee?a, 1990),
«?aeiiaiaeaoe?yo c o?eueo?aoe?eiiai ?ic?aooieo ae?aiaaeieo eiino?oeoe?e
iae?i?aoeaieo nenoai, ui i?aoeththoue a ?aaeei? aeaia?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy
a oiiaao Iie?nny Oe?a?ie» (aeiaia?? ?12.410 a?ae 11.04.1990 ?., AIOO
I?iaiaeainio O?N?).

Aiie oaeiae ai?iaaaeaeai? a iaa/aeueiee i?ioean ? aeei?enoiaothoueny
i?e aeeeaaeaii? niaoeeo?no «Aaoiiaoeciaai? iiaeoeuei?
inoooaaeueii-caieiaeoaaeuei? nenoaie» aeey niaoe?aeueiino?
«A?ae?iiae?i?aoe?y» ??aiainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Ia iniia? oai?aoe/ieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue aaoi?ii iniaenoi ?ic?iaeai? ? noi?ioeueiaai? an? iniiai?
iieiaeaiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe c ie?aneaiiai eiea ieoaiue, ui
noinothoueny iiaoaeiae iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? aca?iiaieeaiaiai i?ioeano
o?eueo?aoe?? ? nooic?eieo aeaoi?iaoe?e, ?ica’ycaiiy e?aeiaeo caaea/
o?eueo?aoe?? i?e ?iaio? ae?aiaaeieo eiino?oeoe?e a ?aaeeiao inooaiiy ?
caieiaeaiiy, ?ic?iaee iaoiaeeee i?iaaaeaiiy eaai?aoi?ieo oa iaoo?ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue.

An? iaaaaeai? aaoi?ii oai?aoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiai? naiino?eii.
Aenia?eiaioe, caaaeath/e ia ?o aaeeeee ia’?i oa iaiao?aei?noue aeeiiaiiy
cia/ieo i?aeaioia/eo ?ia?o, i?iaiaeeeeny iniaenoi oa eieaeoeaii
ani??aio?a i?ae ea??aieoeoaii aaoi?a.

A i?ioean? ?iaioe iaae aeena?oaoe??th aaoi? ye aeieoi?aio, ea??aiee
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o, iaoeiaee ea??aiee ani??aio?a oni?oii
ni?ai?aoethaaa c iaoeiaei eiinoeueoaioii ae.o.i., i?ioani?ii A.O.
Aeieo???aei oa ianoaaieeaie ae.o.i., i?ioani?ii, /eai.-ei?. IAI Oe?a?ie
I.ss. Ie?eieeii, ae.o.i., i?ioani?ii I.A. Ieaiaa?ii. ?acoeueoaoe oaei?
ni?ai?aoe? i?aeaeueee ??aaiue oa aeeaeio aeeiiaieo aaoi?ii
aeine?aeaeaiue.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue, ui
aeeth/ai? aei aeena?oaoe??, aoee ii?eethaeiai? ? io?eiaee iiceoeaio
ioe?ieo ia /eneaiieo iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo i?aeia?iaeieo, nithcieo,
?anioae?eainueeeo ? aoc?anueeeo eiioa?aioe?yo (Ee?a, 1996; Euea?a, 1996;
Naaanoiiieue, 1987; Naieo-Iaoa?ao?a, 1987; Eieiiia, Iineianueea iae.,
1989; Aieaia?aae, 1980; Iiai/a?eanuee, 1988, 1989; Oa?e?n?, 1989; ??aia,
1982-1985, 1987-1989, 1992, 1995-1998), ia noi?niiio can?aeaii?
I?iaeaiii? ?aaee ii inooaiith ? inoooaaeueieo nenoaiao I?iaiaeainio N?N?
? naeoe?e inooaiiy ? aeei?enoaiiy iae?i?aoeaieo caiaeue AANAI?E ii
iioei?caoe?? ia?aiao??a inoooaaeueieo ? inoooaaeueii-caieiaeoaaeueieo
nenoai c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? iae?i?aoeaieo caiaeue
(Euea?a, 1985), ia can?aeaiiyo Oe?a?inueeiai iaoeiaiai nai?ia?o c
a?ae?aae?ee (Ee?a, 1995, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? acaaae? o 56
ae?oeiaaieo i?aoeyo, a oiio /ene? 1 iiiia?ao??, 22 noaooyo o oaoiaeo
aeaeaiiyo.

No?oeoo?a oa ia’?i aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
i’yoe ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae. ?iaioa
aeeeaaeaia ia 367 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, a oiio /ene? ai?uo?
105 ?enoie?a ia 35 noi??ieao, 71 oaaeeoeth ia 23 noi??ieao oa nienie
aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae c 468 iaeiaioaaiue a?o/eciyieo oa
ca?oa?aeieo aaoi??a ia 29 noi??ieao.

INIIAIEE CI?NO

1.Caaaeueia i?iaeaia aieeao nooic?eieo i?ioean?a ia ?iaioo ae?aiaae?a
iae?i?aoeaieo nenoai ? a?ae?ioaoi?/ieo nii?oae oa a?aooaaiiy ?o
iane?aee?a.

I?ae /an ?ooo ??aeeie e??cue ii?eno? na?aaeiaeua (a?oioe, ca?ieno?
iaoa??aee oiui) a ieo, ye i?aaeei, a?aeaoaathoueny ??ciiai ?iaeo
aeaoi?iaoe?ei? i?ioeane, cie?aia, oea ia?ai???ioaoe?y /anoeiie
iai?aaeeueii? oi?ie o i?inoi?? i?ae ae??th o?eueo?aoe?eieo nee;
ia?ai?uaiiy i?eeeo (nooic?eieo) /anoeiie a ii?ao neaeaoo, noi?iiaaiiai
a?eueo e?oiieie /anoeieaie, — iaoai?/ia nooic?y; coieiea nooic?eieo
/anoeiie a iaaieo ciiao ianeao o?eueo?aoe??, iai?eeeaae, a?ey
ae?aiaaeieo eiino?oeoe?e — eieueiaoaae. Noiniaii iae?i?aoeaiiai
ae?aiaaeo, naa?aeeiaei, ae?aiaaeieo i?eno?i?a a a?ae?ioaoi?/ieo
nii?oaeao nooic?ei? aeaoi?iaoe??, oiaoi ia?ai?uaiiy aai coieiea i?e
iaaieo a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo oiiaao /anoeiie, ui ?ooathoueny, iaea?eueo
aieeaia?, iniaeeai a ii/aoeiaee ia??iae ?o ?iaioe. Nooic?ei? i?ioeane,
ye? aeieeathoue a i?eae?aii?e cii?, iaoiiaeai? iiyaith a?aae??io?a
iaii?o, aeueo ca e?eoe/i?, ?o ii/aoeiaa ?ioaineai?noue caeaaeeoue a?ae
ai?noo nooic?eieo /anoeiie a a?oio?, a ?ioaineai?noue caoooaiiy a?ae
oaeaeeino? niaaeaiiy a?aae??io?a, aeeeeeaiiai c?inoaiiyi eiao?oe??ioa
o?eueo?aoe?? a?oioo aiane?aeie nooic??, aai ia?a?iciiae?eii a?aae??io?a
caaaeyee aeieeiaiith ciie eieueiaoaaeo.

Iacaaaeath/e ia aaeeeee ia’?i aeine?aeaeaiue, i?iaeaia nooic??
caeeoa?oueny aeooaeueiith ? ia oaia??oi?e /an. Iai?eeeaae, i?e ?iaio?
iae?i?aoeaieo nenoai ??ciiai ?iaeo nooic?ei? yaeua i?eaiaeyoue aei
cieaeaiiy aoaeoeaiino? cia/ii? /anoeie ae?aiaaeo aai e aei iiaiiai eiai
aeoiaeo c eaaeo. Oiio iio??aii aeciaoe, ui iao? ciaiiy i?i iaoai?ci ae??
ae?aiaaeo ia i?eieea aiaee oa neeiaee aieea ia /anoeiee a?oioo, ye?
iiaeooue ia?ai?uaoeny a ii?ao, ua ia iiai?. Ioaea, iaoeiaa iaa?oiooaaiiy
ii?i i?iaeooaaiiy ? aoae?aieoeoaa iaaeinoaoi? ? iaa?oue ei?aeoia
aeeiiaiiy an?o aeiia oa aeio?eiaiiy cao?eniaaieo aenieoaoaoe?eieo
iaiaaeaiue ia caaacia/o? yeino? inooaiiy.

I?iaeaia o?eueo?aoe?eieo aeaoi?iaoe?e aeineoue na?eicia ? aeey a?oioiaeo
a?aaaeue. Iai?eeeaae, ca aeaieie Aeae. Aeaeano?ia i?e/eiith ?oeioaaiiy
a?ey 45 % a?aaaeue (c a?eueo i?ae 300 aeine?aeaeaieo aeiaaee?a) noaee
oaeoi?e, aeeeeeai? o?eueo?aoe?eieie i?ioeanaie. sseui ae a?aaey ? ia
?oeio?oueny, nooic?ei? aeaoi?iaoe?? a ?? o?e? i?ecaiaeyoue aei c?inoaiiy
o?eueo?aoe?eieo aeo?ao ? oaa?aeiai noieo aai aei eiai caioeaiiy, ui
iiaea iia??oeoe oiiae aenieoaoaoe?? nii?oaee. Aeey aiaeicaa??ieo
naa?aeeiaei iaei??th c i?iaeai ? iayai?noue oaa?aeiai noieo (ui ?
iane?aeeii nooic?eieo i?ioean?a), yeee iiaea oaeaeei aeaanoe c eaaeo
ianinia iaeaaeiaiiy oa aiaeii?ia?aei? nenoaie.

Iniiai? a?ae?iiaoai?/i? iieiaeaiiy aeeiai?ee i?aecaiieo aiae aoee
caeeaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiyie, i?iaaaeaieie ?yaeii a?aeiieo niaoe?ae?no?a
a iaeano? a?ae?aae?ee oa oai?aoe/ii? iaoai?ee (A. Aea?n?, AE. Aethi’th?,
AE. Aonn?iane, I.?. AEoeianueeee, O. Oi?oaaeia? oa ?io?). Aeey ae??oaiiy
caaea/ aeeiai?ee i?aecaiieo aiae a oeeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo
aeei?enoiaoaaeeny aeeoa?aioe?aeuei? ??aiyiiy aiaeiiai iioieo. Iniaeeaee
?icaeoie oai??y o?eueo?aoe?? io?eiaea a inoaii? aeanyoee?ooy a ca’yceo c
?ioaineaiei ?icoe?aiiyi a?ae?ioaoi?/iiai ? iae?i?aoeaiiai aoae?aieoeoaa
a ?iaioao oaeeo a?aeiieo a/aieo ye I. Ianeao, I.I. Iaaeianueeee, ?.A.
*a?iee, I.ss. Iieoaa?eiiaa-Ei/eia, E.N. Eaeaaicii, A.I. Uaeea/ia, A.A.
Oaei, N.O. Aaa?’yiia, A.I. Oanoaeia, O.I. Ai/aaa?, I. E?enoaa, I.I.
Aa?ea?i, A.?. A?aa?i, N.I. Ioia?ia, I.O. O?eue/aeia, I.ss. Ie?eiee, N.A.
Aaneeue?a, A.I. ?ioia, A.I. I?eiea?anueeee oa ?io?.

Aeo?aeia iiaeaeue aaio?eueo?aoe?eiiai iioieo yaey? niaith eiai iien c
iiceoe?e iaoaiaoe/ii? o?ceee ? aeeth/a? ??aiyiiy ?ooo (iniiaiee caeii
o?eueo?aoe??), ??aiyiiy ia?ic?eaiino? (aaeaino) iioieo, ??aiyiiy noaio,
yea iia’yco? iai?oaeaiiy ? aeaoi?iaoe?? ieanoa, a oaeiae oiiae
iaeiicia/iino?, ye? neeaaeathoueny c ii/aoeiaeo ? a?aie/ieo oiia
i?ioeano. ??aiyiiy ?ooo iathoue aeae

Vx=-k( h/( x, Vy=-k( h/( y, Vz=-k( h/( z,
(1)

aea Vx, Vy, Vz — neeaaeia? oaeaeeino? o?eueo?aoe??; h = h(x, y, z, t) —
ooieoe?y o?eueo?aoe?eiiai iaii?o; k = k(x, y, z) — eiao?oe??io
o?eueo?aoe??.

Aeey aeaaaeaiiy ??aiyiiy ia?ic?eaiino?, yea iieno? iaoa??aeueiee aaeain
iioieo, ?icaeyaeathoueny neeaaeia? oaeiai aaeaino a iane?i/aiii iaeiio
aeaiaio? i?inoi?o ca iane?i/aiii iaeee i?ii?aeie /ano. A ?acoeueoao?
io?eio?oueny ianooiia ??aiyiiy:

(2)

aea r — aonoeia ??aeeie. O?e ??aiyiiy ?ooo (1) oa ??aiyiiy ia?ic?eaiino?
(2) ia aeicaieythoue ciaeoe an? iaiao?aei? oa?aeoa?enoeee iioieo –
i?iaeoe?? oaeaeeino? o?eueo?aoe??, ooieoe?th iaii?o oa aonoeio ??aeeie.
Aeey caieeaiiy nenoaie (1), (2) aeei?enoiao?oueny ??aiyiiy, yea iieno?
caeaaei?noue i?ae aonoeiith, oeneii ? aaniethoiith oaiia?aoo?ith.
Iai?eeeaae, aeey aaaeei? ianoenei? ??aeeie ((=const) i?e o?eueo?aoe?? a
iaeii??aeiiio ?cio?iiiiio na?aaeiaeu?, ui ia aeaoi?io?oueny (aei?noeee
?aaeei o?eueo?aoe??), ??aiyiiy ia?ic?eaiino? iaoeia aeae

( (k( h/( x)/( x+( (k( h/(y)/( y+( (k( h/( z)/( z .
(3)

Ca aeiiiiiaith ??cieo iaoiae?a ?ica’ycaiiy caaea/ o?eueo?aoe?? c
aeei?enoaiiyi iaaaaeaieo ??aiyiue aoee ae??oai? i?iaeaie
a?ae?ioaoi?/iiai oa iae?i?aoeaiiai aoae?aieoeoaa, iia’ycai? c
o?eueo?aoe??th a iniiaao nii?oae, a a?oioiaeo a?aaeyo, iiaeeco
aiaeieieu, c eaiae?a, aeiaeiea naa?aeeiaei oa ae?ai oiui.

I?e inooaii? iaaeeeoeiai caieiaeaieo caiaeue oe?iei canoiniao?oueny
o?oa/anoee ae?aiaae. ?ic?aooiie a?aenoai? i?ae ae?aiaaeieie e?i?yie
iia’ycaiee, a ia?oo /a?ao, c anoaiiaeaiiyi caeiiii??iinoae ?ooo aiaee a
a?oio?, ye? iienothoueny, iai?eeeaae, ??aiyiiyie aaciai??ii?
o?eueo?aoe?? i?e iayaiino? (a?aenooiino?) ia iiaa?oi? aeai?an?? noie?a
aai aeoie?a. Oaea ??aiyiiy a?aeiia i?ae iacaith ??aiyiiy Aonneianea ?
aeey aeiaaeeo iaonoaeaiiai ?ooo ??aeeie a iaeii??aeiiio na?aaeiaeu? ia
ai?eciioaeueiiio aiaeioii?? iaoeia aeae

di((h(h)=((h (h/(x)/(x+((h (h/(y)/(y=(( /k) (h/(y — q/k ,
(4)

aea h — iai??; m — eiao?oe??io aiaeia?aeaea/? aai aiaeiiane/aiiy
a?aeiia?aeii i?e iioneaii? aai i?aeiyoo? e?eai? aeai?an??; q —
?ioaineai?noue noie?a (aeoie?a).

E?iaa?eciaaia ??cieie niiniaaie ??aiyiiy Aonneianea oe?iei
canoiniao?oueny i?e ?ic?aooieo aeeiai?ee a?oioiaeo aiae i?e inooaii? oa
caieiaeaii?, iai?eeeaae, O.?. A?oneeianueeei, A.?. ?aeoeueeei, A.N.
E?aiacii, A.O. I?o?iei, A.?. Io?aoei, I.ss. Ie?eieeii, A.E. Iieyeiaei,
I.I. Oaeueoeiaei, E.I. Oieiaeie, I.A Ooaea?yiii, a i?e aeine?aeaeaii?
o?eueo?aoe?? aei naa?aeeiaei oa aa?oeeaeueieo eieiaeyc?a — A.?. A?aa?iei
oa N.I. Ioia?iaei, A.N. Onaiei, A.I. Oanoaeiaei.

Caaea/a i?i o?eueo?aoe?th ?c a?eueiith iiaa?oiath aaaeei i?aeaea?oueny
?ica’yceo /a?ac iae?i?ei?noue a?aie/ieo oiia. A oie aea /an oi/iee
iaoaiaoe/iee ?ic’ycie ia caaaeaee naiioe?eue, oiio ui nai?
aeeoa?aioe?aeuei? ??aiyiiy, a?aie/i? oa ii/aoeia? oiiae, aeiiouaiiy i?i
iaeii??aei?noue, ?cio?iii?noue, oa?aeoa? aeeaeaiiy (iiaaee,
aeia?iaoaaiiy), ye i?aaeei, iaaeeaeai?. A ca’yceo c oeei aoee ?ic?iaeai?
iaaeeaeai? iaoiaee ?ic?aooieo. Aei ieo a?aeiineoueny, iai?eeeaae, iaoiae
(oai??y) Aethi’th?-Oi?oaaeia?a, yeee aia?oa aoa cai?iiiiiaaiee Aethi’th?
aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy noaoe?iia?ieo iioie?a aei naa?aeeiaei ? ae?aiaaeieo
aaea?ae ? ocaaaeueiaiee Oi?oaaeia?ii. I.I. Iaaeianueeee ?iciianthaeea
oeae iaoiae ia o?eueo?aoe?th a a?ae?ioaoi?/ieo nii?oaeao ? a ?o iniiaao.
Aeey iae?i?aoeaiiai ae?aiaaeo a?aeii? iaaeeaeaiiy oai???
Aethi’th?-Oi?oaaeia?a, aeeiiai? Oioaoaoaeoii, E??eaaiii, Aannae?iaii,
E?noii, Oaiiaaeii, N.O. Aaa?’yiiaei.

Aeey ?ic?aooieo noaoe?iia?ii? inaneiao?e/ii? o?eueo?aoe?? aei
naa?aeeiaei oa ae?ai aeei?enoiao?oueny iaoiae noie?a oa aeoie?a. Oae,
iai?eeeaae, A.A. Aaaea?i?eiaei io?eiai? ?ica’ycee caaea/? i?eoieo aei
nenoaiaoe/iiai ae?aiaaeo, ui i?aoeth? a i?ae?oneiaiio ?aaeei?, cie?aia,
caeaaeiino? aeey ia/eneaiiy ieoiii? aeo?aoe aei ae?aie (ii?iaeieie a
a?oio?) ? oaeaeeino? (a?aae??ioa iaii?o) a aoaeue-ye?e oi/oe? iaeano?
o?eueo?aoe??. Aiaeia?/i? ?ica’ycee aeey iaiaeii??aeii-oa?oaaoeo a?oio?a
io?eiai? I.ss.Ie?eieeii.

Aeacai? oa ?io? ?ica’ycee caaea/ o?eueo?aoe?? a aaniethoi?e a?eueoino?
ni?aaaaeeea? aeey aeineiiaei? ae?aie, i?ae yeith ?icoi??oueny ii?iaeieia
a a?oio?. I?aeoe/ii an? ae?aiaaei? o?oae, ui canoiniaothoueny, iathoue
iai?iieei? no?iee, a a?oioiaa aiaea iaaeoiaeeoue e??cue ia?oi?aoe?ei?
ioai?e /e noeeia? caci?e.

Caaea/a aecia/aiiy i?eieeao aei ia?oi?iaaieo ae?aiaaeieo o?oa,
?icoaoiaaieo a ?aae?aeueiiio iioioe?, a caaaeueiiio aeiaaeeo ?
i?inoi?iaith, a ??aiyiiy o?eueo?aoe?? a oeee?iae?e/ieo eii?aeeiaoao, ui
canoiniao?oueny aeey noaoe?iia?ieo caaea/, ia? aeae

( (r(( /(r)/r/(r+( 2( /r2( ( 2+( 2( /(y2=0 ,
(5)

yea io?eiaia c ??aiyiiy Eaieana (3) aaaaeaiiyi iioaioe?aea oaeaeeino?
o?eueo?aoe?? (=-kh. A.?. Io?aoei, aeei?enoaaoe ??aiyiiy (5) i?e
a?aeiia?aeieo a?aie/ieo oiiaao, io?eiaa ?ica’ycee caaea/ o?eueo?aoe??
aei ??ciei /eiii ia?oi?iaaieo o?oa. Aiaeia?/i? ?ica’ycee io?eiai? I.
Ianeaoii aeey ae?ai c iicaeiaaeiuei-ia?aeaeueieie u?eeiaie iaiaaeaii?
aeiaaeeie, a Ae. E??eaaiii aeey noeeiaiai caci?o a ea?ai?/ieo o?oaao.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ae?aiaaeieo eiino?oeoe?e ia caieeaeinue ia oai?aoe/ieo
?ica’yceao caaea/ o?eueo?aoe??. O aaeeeiio ianyc? aeeiioaaeeny aeine?aee
ii aecia/aiith, ye i?aaeei, aiaeii?eeiaeueii? ni?iiiaeiino? ae?ai ??cieo
eiino?oeoe?e (noiniaii iae?i?aoeaiiai ae?aiaaeo) a eaai?aoi?ieo oa
iaoo?ieo oiiaao. Aaeeeee ia’?i aeine?aeaeaiue, iniaeeai ai?eciioaeueiiai
ieanoianiaiai ae?aiaaeo, aeeiiaii i?ae ea??aieoeoaii A.?. Io?aoei,
ae?aiaaeo c aieieienoeie o?eueo?aie — I.A. Ieaiaa?a. I?ae iaoei
ea??aieoeoaii oa ca ?ic?iaeaiith iaie iaoiaeeeith i?iaaaeai? eaai?aoi?i?
oa iieueia? aeine?aeaeaiiy ae?ai ??cieo eiino?oeoe?e, ye? i?aoeththoue a
?aaeei? aeaia?/ii? ae??.

Aeine?aeieee a?aei?/aee ?ica?aei?noue i?ae i?eieeaii aei ae?aie,
ia/eneaiei ca oai?aoe/ieie oi?ioeaie, ? i?eieeaii, aecia/aiei c
aeine?ae?a, ye? i?iaiaeeeenue c aeiaea?aeaiiyi a?aeiia?aeieo a?aie/ieo
oiia. Oae, ca aeaieie A.?. Io?aoei i?eieea aei ieanoianiaeo ae?ai
neeaaeaa eeoa 60-85 % a?ae i?eieeao aei aeineiiaei? ae?aie, ia/eneaiiio
ca oai?aoe/ieie caeaaeiinoyie. Oeae oaeo iiynith?oueny iei, cie?aia,
oei, ui ia a?aoiaothoueny nooic?ei? ci?ie a i?eo?eueo?ia?e cii?, ye?
i?eaiaeyoue, a aeaiiio aeiaaeeo, aei ciaioaiiy o?eueo?aoe?eii? aeo?aoe.
Iao? aeine?aee oa aeeiiai? iaie ia?aooiee aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo I.A.
Ieaiaa?a iieacaee, ui i?eieea aei ae?aie, yea caeeaaea?oueny a
iaeii??aeiee oa ?aoaeueii i?iieoee i?nie (ia?ai?uaiiy /anoeiie a ii?ao
a?aenooi?), ia 30 % ? a?eueoa ia?aaeuo? i?eieea aei aeineiiaei? ae?aie.
Oiaoi a aeaiiio aeiaaeeo aeaoi?iaoe?? ia?ai???ioaoe?? /anoeiie a
i?eae?aii?e cii? i?eaiaeyoue aei ca?eueoaiiy eiao?oe??ioa o?eueo?aoe??
a?oioo.

Ana oea aeaco? ia iaiao?aei?noue aaeineiiaeaiiy oai?aoe/ieo iaoiae?a
?ic?aooieo ia??ai? c i?iaaaeaiiyi ?aoaeueieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue. sse ?ai?oa iaie aoei iieacaii, iniaeeao ae?th ia i?eieea
aei ae?aie /eieoue iaoai?/ia nooic?y, yea aeieea? a i?eae?aii?e cii?, ?
eieueiaoaae i?eae?aiiiai oa?o a?oioo oa caoeniiai o?eueo?a nooic?eieie
/anoeieaie. ?icaeyioo? aeua oai?aoe/i? ?ica’ycee ia a?aoiaothoue ? ia
ni?iiiaei? a?aooaaoe nooic?ei? yaeua. An? iaaaaeai? aeeoa?aioe?aeuei?
??aiyiiy ? ?ica’ycee a?aeiia?aeieo caaea/ o?eueo?aoe?? iiaoaeiaai? ia
i?eiouaii?, ui eiao?oe??io o?eueo?aoe?? a?oioo ianeao o?eueo?aoe??
aaee/eia iino?eia.

Aeaye? a/ai?, iai?eeeaae, I.?. O?enaiia, aeey iieno nooic?eieo
i?ioean?a i?iiiiothoue aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeeoa?aioe?aeuei? ??aiyiiy
aaio?i?/ii? o?eueo?aoe??. Iaeiae, aiie ia iiaeooue aooe aaciina?aaeiuei
aeei?enoai? aeey iiaoaeiae iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae iaoai?/ii? nooic??,
aeeeeeaii? ae??th o?eueo?aoe?eiiai iioieo ia /anoeiee a?oioo ianeao
o?eueo?aoe??. Iaaeie?eii oaeiai i?aeoiaeo, eiee aeey iienaiiy i?ioeano
nooic?? (/e eieueiaoaaeo) aeei?enoiao?oueny caeii O?ea, ? oa, ui
nooic?ei? /anoeiee aaaaeathoueny iiai?noth anioe?eiaaieie c
o?eueo?aoe?eiei iioieii, oiaoi eiiaaeoeaia ia?aianaiiy iane
a?aeaoaa?oueny ?c oaeaee?noth o?eueo?aoe??. A oeueiio aeiaaeeo i?e
aoaeue-ye?e iaaaeee?e oaeaeeino?, a?aei?ii?e a?ae ioey, iiaeiia aeieeaoe
nooic?y. A ae?eniino? ae, iaoai?/ia nooic?y (?oo /anoeiie ae?aiao?ii
dc(0,03 ii; a a?ae?ioaoi?/ieo nii?oaeao oae? a?oioe oe?iei
?iciianthaeaeai?) iiaeeeaa eeoa i?e ia?aaeuaii? ae?th/eie a?aae??ioaie
iaii?o I e?eoe/iiai cia/aiiy Ikp aeey aeaiiai na?aaeiaeua, oiaoi i?e
oaeaeeino? o?eueo?aoe?? V a?eueo?e ca e?eoe/io Vkp. E??i oeueiai,
iaoai?/ia nooic?y ?, a?aeiia?aeii, eieueiaoaae iiaeeea? ? i?e
o?eueo?aoe?? «/enoi?» aiaee, a ye?e a iaaieo ciiao ianeao o?eueo?aoe??
ia i?noeoueny aeiaeieo ?a/iaei.

Aiae?c aeine?aeaeaiue aeaoi?iaoe?eieo i?ioean?a iieaco?, ui a i?ioean?
iaoai?/ii? nooic?? ci?ith?oueny ii?eno?noue a?oioo, eiai eiao?oe??io
o?eueo?aoe??, ?ici??e iiia?a/iiai ia?aoeio o?eueo?aoe?eieo ii?,
e?eoe/iee a?aae??io iaii?o — i?aeoe/ii an? iniiai? oa?aeoa?enoeee
i?ioeano nooic??. ?acii c oei iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo caoenieo o?eueo??a,
ui i?iiiiothoueny, aacothoueny ia oiio, ui nooic?ei? /anoeiee
i?ioiaeyoue e??c ieo, a a?ae?aae?/i? ia?aiao?e iioieo ? oa?aeoa?enoeee
i?eo?eueo?iai? ciie a?oioo i?e oeueiio caeeoathoueny iaci?iieie. Iaie
caa?oa?oueny oaaaa ia oa, ui iiaeeea? ??ciiiai?oi? iane?aeee i?ioeano
ia?ai?uaiiy nooic?eieo /anoeiie a caeaaeiino? a?ae eiie?aoieo oiia, a
yeeo a?i a?aeaoaa?oueny. I?e iiaeeeaino? aeianaiiy nooic?eieo /anoeiie
e??cue o?eueo? ca iaae? ianeao, ui ae?aio?oueny, eiao?oe??io
o?eueo?aoe?? a?oioo c?inoa?, a cia/eoue, ci?iththoueny ia?aiao?e
o?eueo?aoe?eiiai iioieo, iai?eeeaae, c?inoa? aeo?aoa. Eiee ae nooic?ei?
/anoeiee ia i?ioiaeyoue e??cue o?eueo?, a iaeiie/othoueny a
i?eo?eueo?ia?e cii?, aea ae?thoue, ye i?aaeei, aaeee? a?aae??ioe (cia/ii
aeu? ca na?aaei? ii ianeao), noai?th?oueny ou?eueiaiee oa? a?oioo, yeee
iiaea nooo?ai ciaioeoe o?eueo?aoe?ei? aeo?aoe. Oae? i?ioeane, ye?
iaiao?aeii ai?oe i?iaiicoaaoe /a?ac ?o cia/iee aieea ia ?iaioo
ae?aiaaeieo eiino?oeoe?e ? a oe?eiio nii?oae, ia iienothoueny ?nioth/eie
iaoiaeeeaie ?ic?aooieo cai?ioieo o?eueo??a /e o?eueo?aoe?eiiai
?ic?aooieo ae?ai.

A inoaii? ?iee a iae?i?aoeai?e i?aeoeoe? iioe?ththoueny
inoooaaeueii-caieiaeoaaeuei? nenoaie, ye? aeineiiae?o? ca inoooaaeuei?,
oa nenoaie aioo??oiueia?oioiaiai caieiaeaiiy. Aea iacaaaeath/e ia
aaeeeee ia’?i aeine?aeaeaiue ?iaioe oaeeo nenoai, o?eueo?aoe?ei?
aeaoi?iaoe?? aeiaeiea o?oa aenia?eiaioaeueii i?aeoe/ii ia aea/ai?, oi/a
?o aieea ia o?eueo?aoe?eio aeo?aoo iiaea aooe aecia/aeueiei.
A?aenooi?nue iaiao?aeieo aeine?aeieo aeaieo, ye? a iaa?oioiaaii
i?aeoaa?aeaeoaaee iaiao?aei?noue a?aooaaiiy o?eueo?aoe?eieo
aeaoi?iaoe?e, ? i?e/eiith oiai, ui a on?o ?ic?aooieao caieiaeaiiy, ui
i?iiiiothoueny, eiao?oe??io o?eueo?aoe?? a?oioo i?eeiaany iino?eiei.
Iaa?aooaaiiy ci?ie eiao?oe??ioa o?eueo?aoe?? a?oioo k i?ae ae??th
a?aae??io?a iaii?o i?aeoe/ii ciaoe?ith? cai?iiiiiaai? ?ic?aooieia?
caeaaeiino?.

2. Iaoiaeeea aeeiiaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue.

Aeina?ae iieaco?, ui iaea?eueo aeioe?eueiei i?aeoiaeii aei aea/aiiy
i?e?iaeieo i?ioean?a ? aeei?enoaiiy oe?eani?yiiaaieo iiaeaeueieo
iaoiae?a c aenieei ??aiai iaoaiaoe/iiai iieno. I?e iiaoaeia?
?ic?aooieiai? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae?, ia iniia? yei? iiaeia noaaeoe ?
ae??ooaaoe o?eueo?aoe?ei? caaea/?, iia’ycai? c ia?aianaiiyi ?a/iaei a
i?e?iaeiiio na?aaeiaeu? aai ooo/ieo a?oioiaeo nii?oaeao, iaie a?aoiaai?
ianooii? aeiiae: iiaeaeue iiaeiia a?aeia?aaeaoe iniiai? aeanoeaino?
yaeua, ye? aecia/athoue ia?aianaiiy iaoai?/ieo /anoeiie a ii?enoeo
na?aaeiaeuao ?, ye iane?aeie, i?eaiaeyoue aei ci?ie oa?aeoa?enoee
inoaii?o; ia iniia? iiaeae? iiaeii? aooe io?eiai? ei?eni? i?aeoe/i?
?acoeueoaoe ca aeiiiiiaith aeinooiieo ? aeinoaoiuei oi/ieo iaoaiaoe/ieo
cania?a (ia?aaaaa iaaea?oueny iiooeo aiae?oe/ieo ?ica’yce?a, ca yeeie
iiaeia aeeiiaoe aiae?c i?ioean?a, ui aea/athoueny, ? ye? iiaeia
aeei?enoaoe a ?iaeaia?i?e i?aeoeoe?); aeey ia?aiao??a na?aaeiaeua, ui
aoiaeyoue a iiaeaeue, iiaeii? aooe ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaeeee ?o aecia/aiiy (a
eaai?aoi?ieo /e i?e?iaeieo oiiaao); oi/i?noue ?acoeueoao?a, io?eiaieo ca
aeiiiiiaith iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy ?c aaaaeaiiyi a?aeiieo
ia?aiao??a na?aaeiaeua, iiaeiia aooe noi??ia c oi/i?noth aecia/aiiy oeeo
aeo?aeieo aeaieo.

Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeano o?eueo?aoe?? o?aaeeoe?eii aeei?enoiao?oueny
iiaeaeue aaio?eueo?aoe?eiiai iioieo. A oe?e iiaeae? i?eeia?oueny
iino?eiei eiao?oe??io o?eueo?aoe?? na?aaeiaeua ko, ui iaiaaeo? ??
canoinoaaiiy a ?aieao na?aaeiaeu, ui ia aeaoi?iothoueny. Aeey iieno
o?eueo?aoe?? a a?oioao, a yeeo i?ae ae??th o?eueo?aoe?eiiai iioieo
aeieeathoue i?ioeane iaoai?/ii? nooic??, aeaia iiaeaeue noa?
iaaeeaeaiith, a a iaaiee iiiaio, eiee ci?ia eiao?oe??ioa o?eueo?aoe??
aaeeea, acaaae? ia iiaea canoiniaoaaoeny.

Aeey iiaoaeiae iiaeae? o?eueo?aoe?? a na?aaeiaeuao, aea i?ae ae??th
a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo nee aeieeathoue nooic?ei? yaeua, iane?aeeii yeeo ?
nooo?aa ? ??ciiieaiiaa ci?ia no?oeoo?e a?oioo, iaiao?aeii aeeiiaoe
iiaeeaeaiiee aiae?c oeeo i?ioean?a ? io?eiaoe ?o iaoaiaoe/iee iien. I?e
oeueiio aa?aoueny aei oaaae, ui iaaei??ii aeaoaeueiee iien yaeua
iai?eeiyoiee, ine?eueee aeei?enoaoe oae? iiaeae? aeey ?ica’ycaiiy
i?aeoe/ieo caaea/ /a?ac ?o neeaaei?noue noaia iaiiaeeeaei.

Iaie canoiniao?oueny caaaeueiii?eeiyoee iaoiae iiaoaeiae iaoaiaoe/ieo
iiaeaeae c aeei?enoaiiyi ae?oaiai caeiio Iuethoiia, caeiio caa?aaeaiiy
iane ? oa?iiaeeiai?/iiai caeiio noaio c ie?aneaiiyi eiea nee, ui ?
iaea?eueo aieeaiaeie aeey iaoai?/ii? nooic??. Oea aeicaiey? ia
a?aeeeaeaoe io?eiai? ?ai?oa iiaeae?, a i?aai?/ii ?o aeiiiaieoe ?
?icoe?eoe ae?aiacii canoinoaaiiy, aeei?enoaoe iai?aoethaaiiy uiaei
?ica’ycaiiy e?aeiaeo caaea/ o?eueo?aoe??.

Oe?eaiai?aaeai?noue iiaeaethaaiiy ?ice?eaa?oueny iaie oeyoii
?iciaaeoaaiiy nooic?eieo i?ioean?a ca oaeei ia?aiao?ii ye /an. Caaaeueia
iiaeaeue ianoaoe?iia?iiai i?ioeano cia/ii ni?iuo?oueny, yeui ?icaeyaeaoe
eeoa e?ioeaaee noai, eiee an? i?ioeane ia?ai?uaiiy caaa?oothoueny.
?ica’ycie caaea/ o?eueo?aoe??, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue oeueiio e?ioeaaiio
noaio, ia? aaeeea i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy.

Aeey ia?aa??ee aaeaeaaoiino? caeaaeiinoae aeey o?eueo?aoe?eii? aeo?aoe,
ooieoe?? iaii??a ? ?o a?aae??io?a, ye? iiaeia io?eiaoe c oai?aoe/ieo
?ica’yce?a caaea/, iaiao?aeii iaoe iaae?ei? nenoaiaoeciaai? aeine?aei?
aeai?, ye? ?ice?eaathoue ea?oeio yaeu, ui aeieeathoue aeiaeiea ae?ai oa
caieiaeoaa/?a a i?ioean? o?eueo?aoe??. Oe? aeai? iiaeia io?eiaoe ia
o?ce/ieo iiaeaeyo, ye? iathoue ia?aaaao iaae iaoo?ieie aei?iaiaoaaiiyie
a oiio, ui ia oaeeo iiaeaeyo eiio?ieththoueny an? aieeaia? oaeoi?e.
O?ce/i? iiaeae? aoaeothoueny o iiai?e a?aeiia?aeiino? c a?aie/ieie
oiiaaie caaea/ o?eueo?aoe??, ui ?icaeyaeathoueny. A iaoo?ieo oiiaao
aeinyaoe oaeiai i?aeoe/ii iaiiaeeeai ? iaaeioe?eueii. Oiio iaie iniiaiee
ia’?i aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeeiiaii a eaai?aoi?ieo oiiaao.

11 ni ? caaaeueiith aenioith 120 ni. ?aae?aeueiee o?eue?aoe?eiee iio?e
aeine?aeaeoaaany a naeoi?iiio eioeo oe?eiith 33,5 ni ? eooii i?ae
iioeeeie no?ieaie 90(. Aeey aea/aiiy aeaii??iiai o?eueo?aoe?eiiai iioieo
aeei?enoiaoaaeeny a?oioia? eioee aeaio oei?a. A ia?oiio
aeine?aeaeoaaeany ?iaioa ae?aiaaeieo eiino?oeoe?e a i?ae?oneiaiio
?aaeei?, a ae?oaiio — ye a i?ae?oneiaiio ?aaeei?, oae ? a ?aaeei?
?io?eueo?aoe?eiiai aeeaeaiiy. Oe?eia eioe?a 33,5 ni. A a?oioiaeo eioeao
aeine?aeaeoaaeeny ??ci? eiino?oeoe?? ae?ai ? caieiaeoaa/?a (aii/a?ieo ?
ieanoianiaeo) aac caoenoo ? caoeuaieo o?eueo?aoe?eieie iaoa??aeaie,
cie?aia, aii/a?iee ae?aiaae (50 ii) i?e c’?aeiaii? o?oaie anoee ? ca
aeiiiiiaith iooo-o?eueo??a, ui canoiniaothoueny a a?ae?iiae?i?aoeai?e
i?aeoeoe?, ieanoianiaee aio?iaaiee oa aeaaeeino?iiee ae?aiaae ciai?oi?i
ae?aiao?ii 50 oa 63 ii c ??ciith ia?oi?aoe??th oiui.

Ia a?oioiaeo iiaeaeyo aeei?enoiaoaaeeny ?aoaeueii i?iieo? iaeii??aei?
i?nee (o?aeoe??) c ??cieie na?aaei?ie ae?aiao?aie ? eiao?oe??ioaie
o?eueo?aoe?? (a?oioe ?1-?5, ?7, ?9, ?10, ?11), nooic?eiee a?oio (?8) ?
a?oio ae?iaie/i-aeine?aeii? ae?eyiee (?6), a?aioeiiao?e/iee neeaae yeeo
iaaaaeaiee a oaae.1.

I?eeii?uai? nooic?ei? a?oioe c ai?noii nooic?eieo /anoeiie a?ey 5% ?
iaea?eueo iioe?aieie a iie?nuee?e cii? ? iaea?eueo iaaacia/ieie c oi/ee
ci?o ?icaeoeo nooic?eieo i?ioean?a.

Aeine?aee ia onoaiiaeao Aea?n? ? a?oioiaeo eioeao i?iaiaeeeeny ca?aeii
iao?eoeue ieaioaaiiy. A?aie/i? ??ai? oa ?ioa?aaee ci?ie
aeine?aeaeoaaeueieo oaeoi??a anoaiiaethaaeeny ia iniia? ai??i?ii?
?ioi?iaoe??, yea io?eiaia c e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae oa a?ae?aae?/ii?
i?aeoeee. Aeey eiiiainaoe?? aieeao aeiaaeeiaeo iiieeie, ni?iuaiiy
iaoaiaoe/ii? ia?iaee ? i?aeaeuaiiy oi/iino? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo,
aei?iaoaaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue i?e ??aiii??iiio o?ee?aoiiio aeoaethaaii?
aeine?ae?a.

I?e ia?iaoe? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?ae?a, ?o ocaaaeueiaii? ? ia?aa??oe?
a?iioace aaeaeaaoiino? oai?aoe/ieo ?ica’yce?a aeei?enoiaoaaeeny iaoiaee
iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee: aeenia?niee ? ?aa?aneaiee aiae?ce, iaoiaee
iaeiaioeo eaaae?ao?a, ?ioa?iieyoe?? ? aeno?aiieyoe??. Ia?aa??ea a?iioace
aaeaeaaoiino? oai?aoe/ieo caeaaeiinoae aeeiioaaeany ca aeiiiiiaith
F-e?eoa??y O?oa?a. Ioe?iea aeiaaeeiaeo iiieeie aeeiiaia ?c canoinoaaiiyi
oai??? aeiaaeeiaeo yaeu oeyoii i?iaaaeaiiy iiaoi?ieo (ia?aeaeueieo)
aei??thaaiue. Aeey aeeeth/aiiy aieeao nenoaiaoe/ieo iiieeie
aeei?enoiaoaaeeny ??ci? i?eeaaee ? ?ino?oiaioe, ye? ia??iaee/ii
iia??yeeny ? aoanooaaeeny ca c?aceiaeie i??aie.

Aeey ia?aa??ee a iaoo?ieo oiiaao ?acoeueoao?a eaai?aoi?ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue o?eueo?aoe?? aei ae?ai ??cieo eiino?oeoe?e, ?c
caieiaeoaa/?a a a?oio ca ?ic?iaeaiei iaie i?iaeoii aoea iiaoaeiaaia
aeine?aeii-ae?iaie/a ae?eyiea inoooaaeueii-caieiaeoaaeueii? nenoaie
ieiuath 8,9 aa, yea neeaaea?oueny c 14 iiaeoe?a. Ia eiaeiiio iiaeoe?
aeeaaeaii 5 ae?ai-caieiaeoaa/?a. Aeey iiaeeeaino? ii??aiyiiy oai?aoe/ieo
?ica’yce?a c aeaieie iaoo?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ia aaciaiio iiaeoe?, yeee
iaeneiaeueii iane/aiee i’?ciiao?aie, naa?aeeiaeiaie ? ae?ao?aaiiaeie
aei??thaa/aie aeo?aoe, aoee aeeiiai? aeaoaeuei? aei??thaaiiy an?o
iaiao?aeieo aaee/ei.

3. Oai?aoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy noi?niiai i?ioeano o?eueo?aoe?? ?
nooic?eieo aeaoi?iaoe?e.

I?e iiaoaeia? nenoaie aeeoa?aioe?aeueieo ??aiyiue aeey noi?niiai iieno
o?eueo?aoe?? a ca?ienoiio na?aaeiaeu? ? nooic?eieo i?ioean?a, aeeeeeaieo
ae??th a?aae??io?a iaii?o, iaie ?icaeyaea?oueny a?oio, yeee
neeaaea?oueny c a?aeiinii ia?ooiiiai neaeaoo ? nooic?eieo /anoeiie, ui
?ooathoueny aai iiaeooue ia?aeoe a noai ?ooo i?e iaaieo
a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo oiiaao a eiie?aoi?e oi/oe? (aeaiaioa?iiio ia’?i?).
I?ae /anoeieaie ? i?ino??, yeee oi?io?oueny a ii?e neeaaeii? no?oeoo?e.
Iaoae n — ii?eno?noue; mce, mc — a?aeiia?aeii aeie? ia’?i?a /anoeiie, ui
noi?iiaothoue neaeao, oa nooic?eieo /anoeiie a iaeeieoe? ia’?io a?oioo.
Iaie i?eeia?oueny, ui

mce+ mc(x, y, t)+ n(x, y, t, mc)=1,
(6)

oiaoi a aeaia ??aiyiiy aoiaeyoue aoaeoeai? aaee/eie ii?enoino? ? ia’?io
nooic?eieo /anoeiie, a /anoeiee neaeaoa ia ia?ai?uothoueny o i?inoi??.
Ii aiaeia?? c iaaeaoi?iiaaiei na?aaeiaeuai, ?icaeyaeath/e aeaiaioa?iee
ia’?i, io?eia?ii aeeoa?aioe?aeueia ??aiyiiy aaeaino iane aeey ii?enoiai
na?aaeiaeua, a yeiio c o?eueo?aoe?eiei iioieii ?ooathoueny nooic?ei?
/anoeiee, a oeee?iae?e/ieo eii?aeeiaoao (aeey iiaeeeaino?
aaciina?aaeiueiai aeei?enoaiiy a iinoaiiaeao caaea/ ?aae?aeueii?
o?eueo?aoe??)

+

=0, (7)

aea Ur, U( , Uz — neeaaeia? ae?enii? na?aaeiuei? oaeaeeino? ?ooo aiaee a
ii?ao; Vcr, Vc( , Vcz, — neeaaeia? na?aaeiuei? oaeaeeino? ?ooo
nooic?eieo /anoeiie; (s, ( — a?aeiia?aeii u?euei?noue /anoeiie oa
aonoeia aiaee.

Aeey inaneiao?e/ii? o?eueo?aoe?? (Ur= U, Vcr= Vc) iaoeiaii

. (8)

Ine?eueee aca?iiae?y o?eueo?aoe?eiiai iioieo c nooic?eieie /anoeieaie
a?aeaoaa?oueny ia ??ai? ae?enieo oaeaeeinoae a aeineoue neeaaei?e oi?i?
? aac oaciaeo ia?aoai?aiue, oi ia?ao?ae ia o?eoeai? oaeaeeino? ?ooo
/anoeiie, eiee aiie aaaaeathoueny anioe?eiaaieie c ??aeeiith, noa?
iaiiaeeeaei. I?e iayaiino? a ii?enoiio na?aaeiaeu? aeaioeiiiiiaioiiai
eiiaeiia?aoo, ui ?icaeyaea?oueny, ia?aoai?aiiy iane iaei??? eiiiiiaioe a
iano ?ioi? ia a?aeaoaa?oueny. Ai?no eiaeii? c oeeo eiiiiiaio ana?aaeei?
o?eniaaiiai aeaiaioa?iiai ia’?io iiaea ci?ithaaoeny eeoa ca ?aooiie
aoiaeo ? aeoiaeo naii? iane oe??? eiiiiiaioe /a?ac iaiaaeoth/o
iiaa?oith. Oiio ??aiyiiy ci?ie caaaeueii? iane (8) ?iciaaea?oueny ia
aeaa iacaeaaeieo ??aiyiiy ci?ie iane eiaeii? eiiiiiaioe, a ?acoeueoao?
io?eia?ii nenoaio

( n/(+((tr nU)/r( r=0, (mc /(t — ((rmcVc)/r( r=0.
(9)

Ia iniia? a?aenooiino? oaciaiai ia?aoai?aiiy aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue
aeiaeaoeiai aei caeiio Aea?n?, yeee iieno? ?oo ??aeeie, aaanoe ??aiyiiy
aeey aecia/aiiy oaeaeeino? nooic?eieo /anoeiie a caeaaeiino? a?ae
oa?aeoa?enoee o?eueo?aoe?eiiai iioieo oa aeiiiaieoe iei ??aiyiiy nenoaie
(9). Aeey iaa?oiooaaiiy caaaeueii? oi?ie oaeiai ??aiyiiy iaie aoea
?icaeyiooa oa/?y Eoaooa, iiaeeo?eiaaia aei aeaeo, eiee ?ooiia ieiueia
cai?ith?oueny ia ?ooiio ii?enoo no?ieo aeayei? oiaueie, a oaeiae oa/?y
i?ae eiaen?aeueieie oeee?iae?aie, iaeei c yeeo (iai?eeeaae, aioo??oi?e)
?ooa?oueny. A caaaeueiiio aeey aeaieo aeiaaee?a iiaeia caienaoe

(10)

).

sseui ?icaeyiooe aiaeia?/iei /eiii ?oo nooic?eieo /anoeiie a ca?ienoiio
na?aaeiaeu?, oi c aeei?enoaiiyi ia’?iii? o?eueo?aoe?eii? neee, a oaeiae
oi?ioee iii?o aeey eai?ia?ii? o?eueo?aoe??, aeaaaeaiith Ae.I. I?ioeai ia
iniia? cia/iiai aenia?eiaioaeueiiai iaoa??aeo ii o?eueo?aoe?? ??aeei oa
aac?a e??cue oa?e eoeueie ? ni?aaaaeeeaith aeey ii?enoeo na?aaeiaeu
??ciiiai?oii? aaiiao?e/ii? no?oeoo?e, iiaeia io?eiaoe oi?ioeo

Vc=(V-Vkp)/n=(k/n)(I-Ikp),
(11)

aea ko, n — a?aeiia?aeii eiao?oe??io o?eueo?aoe?? ? ii?eno?noue
na?aaeiaeua; V- oaeaee?noue o?eueo?aoe??. Oi?ioea (11) a iaaeao
i?eeiyoeo aeiiouaiue iieno? ?oo /anoeiie a ii?ao neaeaoa a?oioo i?ae
ae??th o?eueo?aoe?eiiai iioieo.

I?aenoaaeaoe (11) a (9), io?eia?ii

(12)

A ??aiyiiyo (12) iaa?aeiieie ? aaee/eie h, k, n, mc. Aeioe?eueii
ae?aceoe ii?eno?noue n ? ai?no nooic?eieo /anoeiie mc /a?ac eiao?oe??io
o?eueo?aoe?? k ca aeiiiiiaith a?aeiia?aeieo ??aiyiue noaio. Aaee/eio mc
iiaeia ciaeoe c ??aiyiiy (6) ye ooieoe?th ii?enoino?

mc=an- n ,

(13)

aea an=1-mce=const — ia’?i, ui caeiathoue ii?e ? nooic?ei? /anoeiee a
iaeeieoe? ia’?io a?oioo. Eiao?oe??io o?eueo?aoe?? ae?aceii /a?ac
ii?eno?noue, nei?enoaaoenue, iai?eeeaae, oi?ioeith A. Iaoee?ea

k=(ko/no)n=aen .

(14)

Oiae? c a?aooaaiiyi (13) ? (14) c (12) io?eia?ii nenoaio ??aiyiue c
/anoeiieie iio?aeieie

(15)

c aeaiia iaa?aeiieie ooieoe?yie h=h(r, t), k=k(r, t), aea [a]=a, yeui a
>0, [a]=0, yeui a(0, oiaoi ae?oaa ??aiyiiy ae?iaeaeo?oueny aei (k/( t =0
i?e k (r, t)(ae an aai i?e (h/( t(Ie?. I?e oeueiio: k(r, t)=ko, yeui
rc(t)(r(Ro; k(r, t)=ka, yeui ro(r(ra(t), aea ra(t), rc(t) — a?aeiia?aeii
?ica’ycee ??aiyiue k(r, t)=ka ? I(r, t)=Ie?; ka=ae an — a?aie/ia
cia/aiiy eiao?oe?ioa o?eueo?aoe??, yeee a?aeiia?aea? iiaiiio aeieao
nooic?eieo /anoeiie; ro- ?aae?on naa?aeeiaeie (ae?aie); Ro — ?aae?on
iaeano? aieeao.

Oaeei /eiii, nenoaia (15) iieno? noi?niee i?ioean o?eueo?aoe?? a
onueiio ianea? (ia?oa ??aiyiiy) ? nooic?eieo aeaoi?iaoe?e a cii? ae??
a?aae??io?a iaii?o, aeueo ca e?eoe/i? (ae?oaa ??aiyiiy). Aeey io?eiaii?
nenoaie ??aiyiue iiaeeea? ??ciiiai?oi? iinoaiiaee caaea/ o?eueo?aoe??
i?e oiia? aeieeiaiiy a iaaeao ianeao a?aae??io?a iaii?o aeueo ca
e?eoe/i?.

Iaie iieacaii, ui ia??iae caaa?oaiiy i?ioean?a iaoai?/ii? nooic?? (tc
cia/ii iaioee ca caaaeueiee ia??iae ?iaioe ae?aiaaeieo eiino?oeoe?e.
Oiio aeey ?iaeaia?ii? i?aeoeee o?eueo?aoe?eieo ?ic?aooie?a aoaea
aeinoaoi?i io?eiaoe ?ica’ycee a?aeiia?aeieo e?aeiaeo caaea/ i?e
noaa?e?caoe?? aeaoi?iaoe?eieo i?ioean?a, eiee /an t aeineoue aaeeeee
(aeecueeee aei ia??iaeo (tc), a ??cieoey iaii??a ((=Ho-ho (Ho, ho —
a?aeiia?aeii iaii?e a oi/eao Ro ? ro) ? oaeith, ui iaaeiei ae?aie
(naa?aeeiaeie) aeieea? eieaeueia iaeanoue, a ye?e ae?th/? a?aae??ioe
ia?aaeuothoue e?eoe/i? cia/aiiy. Oiae? a ??aiyiiyo (15) iiaeia iieeanoe
(k/(t=0. A ?acoeueoao? ?ica’yceo ??aiyiiy ((rk(r)(h/(r)/(r=0, aea
k(r)=ko, yeui rc(r(Ro, k(r)=f(r), yeui ro(r Ikp) oa iacao?aii? (k=ko, Iaei(r)rc(n-1), a a?aeia?aaeaiiy
(28) ? noeneath/ei. Ioaea, ?nio? ?aeeia oi/ea rc cao?aii? ? iacao?aii?
cii, yea iiaea aooe ciaeaeaia a ?acoeueoao? ?ica’yceo ??aiyiiy

). (29)

A?aeiia?aei? oeueiio cia/aiith rc ooieoe?? ?iciiae?eo iaii??a oa ?o
a?aae??io?a aoaeooue

(30)

aea ((rc)=ln(Ro/rc)+b-1ln(rc/(arc+bro)).

I?eieea aei ae?aie ia/eneth?oueny ca oi?ioeith q=2(ko(Ho-ho)/((rc), c
yei? aa/eii, ui ia q nooo?ai aieeaathoue i?ioeane (cao?aiiy), ui
a?aeaoaathoueny a a?oio? ia ae?eyioe? ro(rIkp.

(?en.2). Oiae? ii aiaeia?? c iiia?aaei?i ??aiyiiy aeey ciaoiaeaeaiiy
oi/ie ?iciaaeoaaiiy cii iathoue aeaeyae

, (31)

Ieoiiee i?eieea aiaee aei ae?aie a aeaiiio aeiaaeeo aecia/a?oueny ca
oi?ioeith

,
(32)

).

A ?iaio? ?icaeyioo? oaeiae a?eueo caaaeuei? iiaeae? cao?aiue a
aaaaoio?aeoe?eieo a?oioao, eiee a?aoiaothoueny ??ciiai ?iaeo
aeaoi?iaoe?ei? i?ioeane (aeiea nooic?eieo /anoeiie, eieueiaoaae,
ia?ai???ioaoe?y /anoeiie o i?inoi??) a ??cieo ciiao ianeao o?eueo?aoe??.

Aaeeea i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iathoue caaea/? o?eueo?aoe?? a a?oioao c
oeee?iae?e/iith oa?oaao?noth, eiee, iai?eeeaae, aeey aeaioa?iaiai
na?aaeiaeua k=kc i?e ro(rIkp.

??aiyiiy (41) iiaeia aeei?enoaoe aeey iiaoaeiae iiaeaeae ci?ie
eiao?oe??ioa o?eueo?aoe?? a?oioo i?e o?eueo?aoe?? aei ae?ai,
naa?aeeiaei. Aeey ?aae?aeueiiai iioieo ooieoe?y a?aae??ioa iaii?o i?e
a?aenooiino? aeaoi?iaoe?e ia? aeaeyae I(r)=Io(r)=((/rln(Ro/ro).
I?aenoaaeaoe oea cia/aiiy a (41), io?eia?ii k(r)=
k2(bo((/rln(Ro/ro)+(1-boIkp)) aai k(r)=k2(arc/r+b), aea a=boIkp;
rc=((/Ikpln(Ro/ro). Ioaea iiaeaeue (23), yea io?eiaia iaie c ?ica’yceo
caaaeueii? caaea/? (15), ciaoiaeeoue eaai?aoi?ia i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy o?eueo?aoe?? a ??cieo a?oioao ia u?eeiiiio eioeo
iieacaee, ui a cii? ae?? aaeeeeo a?aae??io?a iaii?o (a?ey
aiaeii?eeiaeueieo ioai??a) a?aeaoaathoueny aeaoi?iaoe?ei? i?ioeane,
aiane?aeie yeeo eiao?oe??io o?eueo?aoe?? a?oioo k cia/ii ci?ith?oueny,
i?e/iio i?e aeiea? i?eeeo /anoeiie c a?oioo ca iaae? iaeano?
o?eueo?aoe?? cia/aiiy k c?inoa?, a i?e ?o cao?eioe? — ciaioo?oueny.
Ci?ia eiao?oe??ioa o?eueo?aoe??, a naith /a?ao, nooo?ai aieeaa? ia
o?eueo?aoe?eio aeo?aoo.

Aeaoi?iaoe?ei? i?ioeane, ye? aeieeathoue a a?oio? i?ae ae??th
a?aae??io?a iaii?o, aeueo ca e?eoe/i?, iiaeooue nooo?ai aieeaaoe ia
i?eieea aei ae?aiaaeo. Aeey aea/aiiy oeeo i?ioean?a ia naeoi?iiio
o?eueo?aoe?eiiio eioeo i?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy ??cieo eiino?oeoe?e
ae?ai i?e ?iaio? ?o a ?aaeeiao inooaiiy, caieiaeaiiy ? i?e oeeee?/i?e
ci?i? iai?yieo o?eueo?aoe?eiiai iioieo. A aeine?aeao aecia/aeany
o?eueo?aoe?eia aeo?aoa q a caeaaeiino? a?ae ??cieoe? ae?th/eo iaii??a ((
? ni?anoaaeyeany ?c cia/aiiyie, ia/eneaieie ca oi?ioeaie I.O. Aoaiae??aa
? Ae. E??eaaia. A?ao?ee q=q((() aeey ?aaeeio inooaiiy oeeeeo 1 iaaaaeai?
ia ?en.6.

sse aa/eii c a?ao?e?a, aeine?aei? ?acoeueoaoe nooo?ai a?ae??ciythoueny
a?ae oai?aoe/ieo ?ic?aooie?a, iaeneiaeueia a?aeoeeaiiy neeaaea? 38 %.
Iiaeia i?eionoeoe, ui ia o?eueo?aoe?th aei ae?aie, aieeaathoue
aeaoi?iaoe?? a?oioo, ye? caeaaeaoue a?ae ae?th/eo a?aae??io?a iaii?o.

?io? aeine?aei? aeai? (aii/a?iee ae?aiaae i?e c’?aeiaii? o?oaie anoee oa
c caoenoii o?eueo?ii, ieanoianiaee ae?aiaae, ??ci? a?oioe) aiaeia?/i?
iaaaaeaiei. Iaeiae, no?oeoo?a o?eueo?a iiaea cia/eii aieeaaoe ia
o?eueo?aoe?eio aeo?aoo: yeui o?eueo? u?eueiee ? ia i?iionea? nooic?eieo
/anoeiie, oi a?aeaoaa?oueny caioeaiiy i?eo?eueo?iaiai oa?o a?oioo.

Aeaoi?iaoe?ei? i?ioeane a?aeaoaathoueny ? aeiaeiea aeineiiaei? ca
oa?aeoa?ii ?ice?eooy ieanoa ae?aie. A oaae.2 ? 3, aeey i?eeeaaeo,
iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ieoiii? aeo?aoe a caeaaeiino? a?ae
ae?th/eo ??cieoeue iaii??a.

Aeine?aei? ieoii? aeo?aoe nooo?ai iaio? ca ?ic?aooieia?, ye? io?eiai?
i?e k=const. Oea ciaioaiiy a?aeaoaa?oueny caaaeyee aeaoi?iaoe?eiei
i?ioeanai, ye? aeieeathoue a iaaeieiae?aii?e cii? i?ae ae??th nee c aieo
o?eueo?aoe?eiiai iioieo. Niaaeaiiy o?eueo?aoe?eii? aeo?aoe na?ae/eoue
i?i ciaioaiiy eiao?oe??ioa o?eueo?aoe?? i?e i?aeaeuaii? ae?th/eo
iaii??a. sseui ieoiio o?eueo?aoe?eio aeo?aoo ia/enethaaoe c a?aooaaiiyi
aeaoi?iaoe?eieo i?ioean?a, oiaoi c aaaaeaiiyi iiaeae? ci?ie eiao?oe??ioa
o?eueo?aoe?? a?oioo, oi ?ic?aooieia? cia/aiiy qp a?aeiia?aeathoue
cia/aiiyi q, io?eiaiei c aeine?aeo.

Oaaeeoey 2

Ieoii? o?eueo?aoe?ei? aeo?aoe aeineiiaei? ca oa?aeoa?ii ?ice?eooy ieanoa
ae?aie aeey ?aaeeio inooaiiy a caeaaeiino? a?ae ae?th/eo ??cieoeue
iaii??a

(H, ni 1,93 3,90 8,68 15,19 21,73 29,31 40,76

q, ni2/n 1,606 3,576 8,317 13,069 17,256 20,792 23,245

qp, ni2/n 2,576 5,206 11,587 20,278 29,008 39,127 54,412

Oaaeeoey 3

Ieoii? o?eueo?aoe?ei? aeo?aoe aeineiiaei? ca oa?aeoa?ii ?ice?eooy ieanoa
ae?aie aeey ?aaeeio caieiaeaiiy a caeaaeiino? a?ae ae?th/eo ??cieoeue
iaii??a

(H, ni 2,03 5,48 9,80 14,87 18,74 26,52

q, ni2/n 1,967 1,045 2,703 5,168 7,141 11,881

qp, ni2/n 2,710 7,315 13,082 19,851 25,017 35,403

A a?oioiaeo eioeao aeine?aeaeoaaeeny i?eieea aei ae?ai ??cieo
eiino?oeoe?e, ui canoiniaothoueny a iae?i?aoeaiee i?aeoeoe? (?aaeei
inooaiiy), a oaeiae aeo?aoa ?c caieiaeoaa/?a a a?oio (?aaeei
caieiaeaiiy). Aeey caieiaeoaa/?a aeei?enoiaoaaeeny o? ae ae?aie, ui
i?aoethaaee a ?aaeei? inooaiiy, oiaoi aea/aeeny ae?aiaaei? aeaiaioe
inoooaaeueii-caieiaeoaaeueieo nenoai. A on?o aeiaaeeao a?aeaoaaeeny
aeaoi?iaoe?ei? i?ioeane a i?eae?aii?e cii?, i?e/iio a ?aaeei?
caieiaeaiiy ?o aieea ia o?eueo?aoe?eio aeo?aoo aoa cia/ii aeuei, i?ae a
?aaeei? inooaiiy.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?iaioe ae?ai i?e aaaaoie?aoiiio iiaoi?aii? oeeeeo
inooaiiy–i?aea?oioiaa caieiaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeiny ia aaciai??i?e onoaiiaoe?
Aea?n?, u?eeiiiio oa a?oioiaeo eioeao. A ?aaeei? caieiaeaiiy eiaeiiai
oeeeeo o?eueo?aoe?eia aeo?aoa cia/ii ciaiooaaeany a /an?, a ?aaeei?
inooaiiy ianooiiiai oeeeeo aeaui c?inoaea, aea ia aeinyaaea ii/aoeiaiai
cia/aiiy. I?ney 7-10 oeeee?a aeaoi?iaoe?ei? i?ioeane noaa?e?coaaeeny ?
aeo?aoa ia ci?ithaaeany.

Ioe?iea aeinoia??iino? oai?aoe/ieo caeaaeiinoae, eaai?aoi?ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, aeioe?eueiino? ?o canoinoaaiiy a ?iaeaia?i?e i?aeoeoe?
i?iaeooaaiiy ae?aiaaeieo eiino?oeoe?e aeeiiaia iaie ia iniia? iaoo?ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue. Aeey oeueiai io?eiai? iaae?ei? iaoo?i? aeai? ia iniia?
i?iaaaeaiiy iieueiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue ia ae?iaie/?e ae?eyioe? ca
niaoe?aeueiith iaoiaeeeith, yea aeicaiey? c aeinoaoiueith oi/i?noth
aecia/aoe aeo?aoe ? iaii?e a ae?aiao ? a?oio?.

5. Caeaaeiino? oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey o?eueo?aoe?eieo ?ic?aooie?a
ae?aiaaeieo eiino?oeoe?e c a?aooaaiiyi aeaoi?iaoe?eieo i?ioean?a

Iaaaaeaii caeaaeiino? aeey aecia/aiiy i?eieeao aei ae?ai oa aeo?aoe ?c
ae?ai-caieiaeoaa/?a i?e ?o ?iaio? a iaca’ycieo a?oioao ??ciiai
a?aioeiiao?e/iiai neeaaeo.

Cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo ia’?io nooic?eieo /anoeiie, ye?
aeiinyoueny c a?oioiaiai ianeao o?eueo?aoe?eiei iioieii (oaa?aeiai
noieo).

?ic?iaeai? e?eoa??aeuei? ??aiyiiy, ia iniia? yeeo iiaeia i?iaeooaaoe
oae? ae?aiaaei? eiino?oeoe??, ye? ia i?eaiaeyoue aei aeieeiaiiy
aeaoi?iaoe?eieo i?ioean?a, aai ae oe? i?ioeane ia aieeaathoue ia ?o
i?aoeacaeaoi?noue, oa anoaiiaethaaoe aacia/i? oiiae aenieoaoaoe??
ae?aiaaeieo nenoai.

?ic?iaeaia oaeiae iaoiaeeea eiino?othaaiiy ae?ai c ia’?iieie o?eueo?aie
ia iniia? ?acoeueoao?a ?ica’yceo a?aeiia?aeieo e?aeiaeo caaea/
o?eueo?aoe??.

AENIIAEE

1. A a?oio? i?eae?aiii? ciie i?ae ae??th nee c aieo o?eueo?aoe?eiiai
iioieo aeieeathoue aeaoi?iaoe?ei? i?ioeane (nooic?y, eieueiaoaae), ye?
i?eaiaeyoue aei cieaeaiiy aiaeii?eeiaeueii? ni?iiiaeiino? ae?ai, aai aei
?o iiaiiai aeoiaeo c eaaeo. A ?nioth/eo iaoiaeeeao o?eueo?aoe?eiiai
?ic?aooieo ae?aiaaeieo eiino?oeoe?e aeaoi?iaoe?ei? i?ioeane a a?oio? ?
caoenieo o?eueo?ao ia a?aoiaothoueny /a?ac ?o iaaea/ai?noue oa
a?aenooi?noue a?aeiia?aeieo iiaeaeae aeey iienaiiy.

2. ?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue aeey noi?niiai iieno aca?iiaieeaiaeo
i?ioean?a o?eueo?aoe?? ? iaoai?/ii? nooic?? a ca?ienoeo na?aaeiaeuao.
Io?eiaii aiae?oe/i? ?ica’ycee a?aeiia?aeieo e?aeiaeo caaea/
o?eueo?aoe??, ye? iiaeia aeei?enoaoe a ?iaeaia?i?e i?aeoeoe?, ?
aeiaaaeaia ?o aaeaeaaoi?noue aeine?aeiei aeaiei.

3.Aeey oa?aeoa?enoeee aeaoi?iaoe?eieo aeanoeainoae a?oio?a aeiaeaoeiai
aei e?eoe/iiai a?aae??ioa iaii?o aaaaeai? iia? ia?aiao?e, ye?
aeicaieythoue e?euee?nii iienaoe ?ioaineai?noue ci?ie eiao?oe??ioa
o?eueo?aoe?? i?ae ae??th a?aae??ioa iaii?o. Ca aeiiiiiaith e?eoe/iiai
a?aae??ioa ciaoiaeeoueny eeoa iaaea ae?eyiee, aea a?aeaoaathoueny
aeaoi?iaoe?ei? i?ioeane.

4.?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? eieaeueii cao?aii? inaneiao?e/ii?
o?eueo?aoe?? a a?oioao ??ciiai a?aioeiiao?e/iiai neeaaeo aeey ??cieo
oiia ?iaioe ae?aiaaeieo eiino?oeoe?e a ?aaeeiao inooaiiy ? caieiaeaiiy.

5.Aeeiiaii iiaeaethaaiiy aeaoi?iaoe?eieo i?ioean?a o aeiaaeeo
oeee?iae?e/ii? oa?oaaoino? na?aaeiaeua oa anoaiiaeai? e?eoa???
eiino?othaaiiy ae?ai c ia’?iieie o?eueo?aie iioeiaeueieo ?ici???a.

6.Io?eiaii aiae?oe/i? ?ica’ycee caaea/ o?eueo?aoe?? ?c caieiaeoaa/a a
a?oio oa ?ice?eoi iaoai?ci eieueiaoaaeo ii?enoiai na?aaeiaeua.

7.Aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii, ui a a?oio? aeiaeiea
ae?aie oa a caoenieo o?eueo?ao aeieeathoue aeaoi?iaoe?ei? i?ioeane, ye?
cia/eii aieeaathoue ia o?eueo?aoe?eio aeo?aoo. I?aeoaa?aeaeaia
aaeaeaaoi?noue oai?aoe/ieo ?ica’yce?a aeine?aeiei aeaiei.

8.Anoaiiaeaii, ui ia ci?io eiao?oe??ioa o?eueo?aoe?? a?oioo aieeaa?
aaee/eia a?aae??ioa iaii?o, oey ci?ia iieno?oueny e?i?eiith
caeaaei?noth. A iaeii??aeieo a?oioao oa a?oioao, ui ia i?noyoue
nooic?eieo /anoeiie, eiao?oe??io o?eueo?aoe?? ?c ca?eueoaiiyi a?aae??ioa
iaii?o c?inoa? aai niaaea?, a i?e ia?aaeuaii? a?aae??ioaie aeayeiai
cia/aiiy /anoeiee a?oioo iaaoaathoue noaeiai iieiaeaiiy ? aeaoi?iaoe?ei?
i?ioeane i?eieiythoueny. A nooic?eieo a?oioao aeieeathoue aea? ciie –
aeieao ? eieueiaoaaeo, ci?ia eiao?oe??ioa o?eueo?aoe?? a yeeo caeaaeeoue
a?ae oa?aeoa?enoee a?oioo oa aaee/eie a?aae??io?a iaii?o. Ooieoe?y
caeaaeiino? oaeaeeino? o?eueo?aoe?? a?ae a?aae??ioa iaii?o i?e iayaiino?
aeaoi?iaoe?eieo i?ioean?a noa? iae?i?eiith.

9.Ca aaee/eiith ae?aiaaeiiai noieo aac a?aeiieo a?aie/ieo oiia
iaiiaeeeai oa?aeoa?ecoaaoe aiaeii?eeiaeueio ni?iiiaei?noue ae?aiaaeo.
Aeiaeaoeiaee o?eueo?aoe?eiee ii?? ia iiaea aooe aeinoaoiueith
oa?aeoa?enoeeith ae?aiaaeii? eiino?oeoe??, ine?eueee caeaaeeoue a?ae
eiao?oe??ioa o?eueo?aoe?? a?oioo. Aaaaeaiee ia?aiao? ( ? oi?aa?naeueiith
oa?aeoa?enoeeith, caeaaeeoue o?eueee a?ae eiino?oeoeaieo ia?aiao??a
ae?ai ? a?aoiao? aeaoi?iaoe?ei? i?ioeane.

10.Oeeee?/ia ?iaioa ae?ai inoooaaeueii-caieiaeoaaeueieo nenoai i?e
aaeeeeo ae?th/eo a?aae??ioao a i?eae?aii?e cii? i?eaiaeeoue aei cia/iiai
ciaioaiiy i?eieeao o ii??aiyii? c ii/aoeiaei ia??iaeii. I?e aeio?eiaii?
a i?eae?aii?e cii? a?aae??io?a iaii?o ieae/eo ca cia/aiiy, i?e yeeo
a?aeaoaathoueny cia/ei? aeaoi?iaoe?ei? i?ioeane, i?eieea aei ae?aie ia
aoaea nooo?ai ciaiooaaoeny.

11.Io?eiaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue iae?i?eii? ianoaoe?iia?ii? o?eueo?aoe??
a na?aaeiaeuao, aea aeieeathoue aeaoi?iaoe?ei? i?ioeane, iiaea
aeei?enoiaoaaoeny aeey aecia/aiiy aieeao iaoai?/ii? nooic?? oa
eieueiaoaaeo ia ?iaioo aiaeicaa??ieo naa?aeeiaei, no?ee?noue ieciaeo
oein?a caieyieo a?aaaeue oiui.

NIENIE INIIAIEO IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1.Aeieo?eaa A.O., Aaconye A.A., Oeaioe I.I. Niaa?oainoaiaaiea
inooeoaeueii-oaeaaeieoaeueiuo nenoai.- Eueaia: Naeo, 1992.- 176 n.

2.Aeieo?eaa A.O., Oeaioe I.I., Aaconye A.A. Oeeueo?aoeeiiiua
nii?ioeaeaiey ae?aiaaeiuo eiino?oeoeee, ?aaioathueo a ?aaeeia
aeaonoi?iiiaai aeaenoaey // Iiauoaiea yooaeoeaiinoe
inooeoaeueii-oaeaaeieoaeueiuo nenoai: Na. iao/. o?. /Oe?. IEE aeae?ioao.
e iaeei?aoeee. -1985.- N.82-88.

3.Aeieo?eaa A.O., Oeaioe I.I, Ouoaiei A.E. Ii?aaeaeaiea oeeueo?aoeeiiiuo
nii?ioeaeaiee ae?aiaaeiuo eiino?oeoeee i?e ?aaioa eo a ?aaeeia
aeaonoi?iiiaai aeaenoaey // Oac. aeiee. e aunooi. ia niaianoiii
canaaeaiee I?iaeaiiiai niaaoa ii inooaieth e inooeoaeueiui nenoaiai
Ieiaiaeoica NNN? e naeoeee inooaiey e eniieueciaaiey iaeei?e?iaaiiuo
caiaeue AANOIEE ii iioeiaoecaoeee ia?aiao?ia inooeoaeueiuo e
inooeoaeueii-oaeaaeieoaeueiuo nenoai a oeaeyo iiauoaiey i?iaeoeoeaiinoe
iaeei?e?iaaiiuo caiaeue, 22-26 ethey 1985 a.-Oe?aeineay NN?, Eueaia,
1985.- N.16-18.

4.Oeaioe I.I., Aaconye A.A., Aai/oe A.I., A?iiaae/aiei A.TH.
Oieaa?naeueiay oa?aeoa?enoeea oeeueo?aoeeiiiuo nii?ioeaeaiee ae?aiaaeiuo
eiino?oeoeee // Aeae?iiaeei?aoeey e aeae?ioaoie/aneia no?ieoaeuenoai.-
1988.- Aui.16.- N.60-62.

5.Oeaioe I.I., Aeieo?eaa A.O. Oeeueo?aoeeiiiua nii?ioeaeaiey ae?aiaaeiuo
eiino?oeoeee inooeoaeueii-oaeaaeieoaeueiuo nenoai // Aeae?aaeeea e
aeae?ioaoieea.- 1989.- Aui.48.- N.25-33.

6.Oeaioe I.I., Aeieo?eaa A.O., A?iiaae/aiei A.TH. E aii?ino iaaeaaeiinoe
inooeoaeueii-oaeaaeieoaeueiuo nenoai // Aii?inu oai?ee e i?aeoeee
iaaeaaeiinoe aeae?iiaeei?aoeaiuo nenoai e nii?oaeaiee: Na. iao/. o?./
A?ocIEE aeae?ioaoieee e iaeei?aoeee.- 1989.- N.195-204.

7.Ieaiaa? I.A., Aai/oe A.I., Iiaiauoe O.A., Oeaioe I.I. E?aaaay caaea/a
oeeueo?aoeee e ae?aiaaeo i?e ?aaioa aai a iiae?oneiaii ?aaeeia //
Aeae?aaeeea e aeae?ioaoieea.- 1990.- Aui.50.- N.22-25.

8.Ieaiaa? I.A., Aai/oe A.I., Aaconye A.A., Oeaioe I.I. Iioa?e iaii?a ia
eiino?oeoeee e i?eoie e ae?aiaaeo i?e ?aaioa aai a iiae?oneiaii ?aaeeia
e ?aaeeia eioeeueo?aoeee // Aeae?iiaeei?aoeey e aeae?ioaoie/aneia
no?ieoaeuenoi.- 1990.- Aui.18.- N.69-71.

9.Oeaioe I.I., Aeieo?eaa A.O., A?iiaae/aiei A.TH. Iniaaiiinoe ?aaiou
ae?ai inooeoaeueii-oaeaaeieoaeueiuo nenoai // Iaeei?aoeey e aiaeiia
oicyenoai.- 1990.-?12.- N.53-56.

10.Oeaioe I.I., Oeoaiei TH.I., Aiiaa A.ss. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ieineiai
o?eueo?aoe?e-iiai iioieo a cii? u?eeie // A?ae?iiae?i?aoe?y oa
a?ae?ioaoi?/ia aoae?aieoeoai.- 1992.- Aei.19.- N.56-61.

11.Aeieo?eaa A.O., Oeaioe I.I. Ii?aaeaeaiea ieieiaeueii aeiionoeiuo
oeeiiia ae?aiaaeiuo o?oa// Iaeei?aoeey e aiaeiia oicyenoai.- 1994.- ?4.-
N.34-35.

12.Aiiaa A.ss., Oeaioe I.I., Neaei?/oe A.I. I?i iiaeaethaaiiy ?
?ica’ycaiiy iaeiiai eeano eieaeueii cao?aieo iae?i?eieo caaea/
o?eueo?aoe?? // Aieeinueeee iaoaiaoe/iee a?niee.- 1995.- Aei.2.-
N.22-24.

13.Aiiaa A.ss., Aeieo?eaa A.O., Oeaioe I.I. E aii?ino i iiaeaee?iaaiee
aeeyiey e?eoe/aneeo a?aaeeaioia ia oeeueo?aoeeiiiua oa?aeoa?enoeee
i?eae?aiiie ciiu // Oac. aeiee. iao/.-oaoi. eiio.»Aeae?iiaoaieea a
eiaeaia?iie i?aeoeea» 27-30 iay 1996 a.- Eeaa, 1996.- N.94-95.

14.Yatsyk A.Y., Leliavsky V.V., Ruban A.F., Khlapook N.N. Ecologically
safe reclamation systems for the humid zone // International congress
’’Water ecology and technology’’.- Moskow, September, 17-21, 1996.- P.
79-80. (ssoeee A.A., Eaeyanueeee A.A., ?oaai I.O., Oeaioe I.I.
Aeieia?/i? a?ae?iiae?i?aoeai? nenoaie aeey aoi?aeii? ciie).

15.ssoeee A.A., ?oaai I.O., Oeaioe I.I., Noanthe ss.I.
A?ae?iaaoiiaoeciaai? iiaeoeuei? inoooaaeueii-caieiaeoaaeuei? nenoaie //
Iae?i?aoe?y ? aiaeia ainiiaea?noai.- 1996.- Aei.83.- N.124-131.

16.Oeaioe I.I., Aiiaa A.ss. Iniaeeaino? caeiio Aea?n? i?e iiaeaethaaii?
i?ioean?a o?eueo?aoe?? a na?aaeiaeuao, ui aeaoi?iothoueny // Ca. noaoae
ca iaoa??aeaie III iaoe.-oaoi. eiio. i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai
neeaaeo, ani??aio?a oa nooaeaio?a aeaaeai?? 24 aa?aciy-16 ea?oiy 1997 ?.
??aia, 1997.- *.2.- N.70-73.

17.ssoeee A.A., Oeaioe I.I., ?aauaiei A.I. O?eueo?aoe?y aei
ai?eciioaeueiiai ea?ai?/iiai ae?aiaaeo // Aiaeia ainiiaea?noai Oe?a?ie.-
1997.- ?4.- N.15-17.

18.Oeaioe I.I. Iia? aniaeoe ?iaioe ae?aiaaeieo eiino?oeoe?e, aeyaeai? ca
aeiiiiiaith o?ce/iiai oa iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy // Ca. noaoae ca
iaoa??aeaie III iaoe.-oaoi. eiio. i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai
neeaaeo, ani??aio?a oa nooaeaio?a aeaaeai?? 24 aa?aciy-16 ea?oiy 1997 ?.
??aia.- *.2.- N.66-69.

19.Oeaioe I.I., ssoeee A.A., Noanthe ss.I., ?aauaiei A.I., Aonae N.A.
A?ae?iaaoiiaoe/iee ?aaoeyoi? ??ai?a aiaee a iiaeoeueieo
inoooaaeueii-caieiaeoaaeueieo nenoaiao // A?ae?iiae?i?aoe?y oa
a?ae?ioaoi?/ia aoae?aieoeoai.-1997.- Aei.22.- N.8-16.

20.Aiiaa A.ss., Oeaioe I.I., Neaei?/oe A.I. Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy
iae?i?eieo i?ioean?a ianiia?aiino c o?aooaaiiyi iaeeo aeaoi?iaoe?e
na?aaeiaeua // Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie aiaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa // Ca.iaoe.
noaoae.- O.1.- ??aia, OAeAAA, 1997.- N.11-14.

21.Oeaioe I.I., Aeieo???a A.O., Aiiaa A.ss. Aieea aeaoi?iaoe?e a?oioo a
iaaeieiae?ai?e cii? ia ?iaioo ae?aiaaeieo nenoai // Aiaeia ainiiaea?noai
Oe?a?ie.- 1997.- ?5.- N.9-12.

22.Oeaioe I.I. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aae?aeueii? o?eueo?aoe?? a aeaioa?iaeo
na?aaeiaeuao, ui aeaoi?iothoueny // Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie aiaeiiai
ainiiaea?noaa /Ca.iaoe. noaoae.-??aia, OAeAAA, 1997.- O.1.- N.116-119.

23.Aiiaa A.ss., Oeaioe I.I., Neaei?/oe A.I. Iiaeaethaaiiy aca?iiaieeao
a?a-ae??io?a ? o?eueo?aoe?eiiai na?aaeiaeua oa i?iaeaie no?eeino?
aeenia?nieo nenoai // O?ceea eiiaeainiaaieo aenieiiieaeoey?ieo nenoai.-
??aia. 1997.- Aei.3.- N.202-207.

24.ssoeee A.A., Oeaioe I.I., ?aauaiei A.I. Iniaeeaino? ?iaioe
inoooaaeueii-caieiaeoaaeueieo nenoai //Aiaeia ainiiaea?noai Oe?a?ie.-
1998.- ?5,6- N.37-39.

25.Aiiaa A.ss., Oeaioe I.I., Neaei?/oe A.I. I?i iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioeano
o?eueo?aoe?? aei aiaeii?eeiaeueieo ioai??a ae?ai a na?aaeiaeuao, ui
aeaoi?iothoueny // A?niee Oe?. aea?ae. aeaae.aiaei. aini-aa «No/ani?
i?iaeaie oai??? o?eueo?aoe??».- ??aia: OAeAAA, 1998.- N.27-33.

26.Aeieo?eaa A.O., Oeaioe I.I. Enneaaeiaaiea eeiaiaoeee iioiea a
ae?aiaaeiuo o?oaii?iaiaeao // Aeae?aaeeea e aeae?ioaoieea. 1998.-
Aui.59.- N.9-15.

27.Aiiaa A.ss., Oeaioe I.I. Iiaeaethaaiiy aieeao a?aae??io?a iaii?o ia
i?ioean o?eueo?aoe?? a na?aaeiaeuao, ui aeaoi?iothoueny // Aieeinueeee
iaoaiaoe/iee a?niee.-1998.- Aei.5.-N.26-35.

28.Oeaioe I.I., ?aauaiei A.I. O?ce/ia oa iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy
i?ioean?a aeaoi?iaoe?e nooic?eiiai a?oioo a iaaeieiae?aii?e cii? //
A?ae?iiae?i?aoe?y oa a?ae?ioaoi?/ia aoae?aieoeoai.- 1998.- Aei.23.-
N.99-104.

29.Oeaioe I.I., Aiiaa A.ss., Neaei?/oe A.I. I?i iiaeaethaaiiy
aca?iiaieeao o?eueo?aoe?? oa iaoai?/ii? nooic?? // A?niee Oe?. aea?ae.
aeaae. aiaei. aini-aa «No/ani? i?iaeaie oai??? o?eueo?aoe??».- ??aia:
OAeAAA, 1998.- N.157-165.

Oeaioe I.I. Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaaiiy aca?iiaieeaiaeo i?ioean?a
o?eueo?aoe?? ? iaoai?/ii? nooic?? // A?niee Oe?. aea?ae. aeaae. — 1998 —
Aei.1.- *.2- A?ae?iiae?i?aoe?y oa a?ae?ioaoi?ea.- N.83-87.

31.Oeaioe I.I. Iniaeeaino? iiaeaethaaiiy iae?i?eieo i?ioean?a
o?eueo?aoe?? ?c caieiaeoaa/a a na?aaeiaeua, ui aeaoi?io?oueny // A?niee
Oe?. aea?ae. aeaae.aiaei. aini. ’’No/ani? i?iaeaie oai???
o?eueo?aoe??’’.- 1998.- N.151-156.

32.Oeaioe I.I. Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioeano o?eueo?aoe?? a
na?aaeiaeuao, aea a?aeaoaa?oueny iaoai?/ia nooic?y // A?ae?iiae?i?aoe?y
oa a?ae?ioaoi?/ia aoae?aieoeoai.- 1998.- Aei.23.- N.92-98.

33.Oeaioe I.I., ssoeee A.A., ?aauaiei A.I. O?ce/ia oa iaoaiaoe/ia
iiaeaethaaiiy aeaoi?iaoe?e a?oioo a iaaeieiae?aii?e cii? // Aiaeia
ainiiaea?noai Oe?a?ie.- 1999.- ?.1,2.- N.12-17.

34.Jazik A.V., Ruban A.F., Hlapuk N.N. (kologisch sichere
Meliorationsysteme in der Humidzone // Ausgew(hlte Peitrage zum
Internationalen Worschop «Umweltmarkt GUS». Terra Tec, Leipzig. 04.03.99
und der Deutsch-Ukrainisch-Umweltwork shops.-P. 128-137. (ssoeee A.A.,
?oaai I.O., Oeaioe I.I. Aeieia?/ii aacia/i? iae?i?aoeai? nenoaie a
aoi?aei?e cii?).

AIIOAOe?ss

Oeaioe I.I. Oai?aoe/i? iniiae o?eueo?aoe?? a na?aaeiaeuao, ui
aeaoi?iothoueny, oa ?o canoinoaaiiy a iaeano? ae?aiaaeo.- ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca
niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.23.16 — a?ae?aae?ea oa ?iaeaia?ia a?ae?ieia?y.-
??aiainueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, ??aia, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi oai?aoe/iiai iieno noi?niiai i?ioeano
o?eueo?aoe?? a ca?ienoiio na?aaeiaeu? oa nooic?eieo yaeu, ye?
aeieeathoue i?ae ae??th nee c aieo o?eueo?aoe?eiiai iioieo. ?ic?iaeaia
iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue, yea iieno? o?eueo?aoe?th a onueiio a?oioiaiio
ianea? ? aeaoi?iaoe?? (nooic?th, eieueiaoaae) a cii? ae?? a?aae??io?a
iaii?o, aeueo ca e?eoe/i?, ? ia ?? iniia? iinoaaeai? e?aeia? caaea/?
iae?i?eii? o?eueo?aoe??. Io?eiaii aiae?oe/i? ?ica’ycee caaea/
o?eueo?aoe?? i?e noaa?e?caoe?? nooic?eieo i?ioean?a, ye? iiaeia
aaciina?aaeiuei aeei?enoaoe i?e ae??oaii? aeooaeueieo i?aeoe/ieo
i?iaeai. Eaai?aoi?ieie oa iaoo?ieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie aeaoi?iaoe?eieo
i?ioean?a a a?oio? aeiaeiea ae?aiaaeieo eiino?oeoe?e oa caieiaeoaa/?a
anoaiiaeaia aaeaeaaoi?noue oai?aoe/ieo ?ica’yce?a aeine?aeiei aeaiei.
Cai?iiiiiaaii caeaaeiino? aeey o?eueo?aoe?eiiai ?ic?aooieo ae?aiaaeieo
eiino?oeoe?e c a?aooaaiiyi iaoai?/ii? nooic?? oa eieueiaoaaeo, ye?
aeieeathoue a a?oio? i?eae?aiii? ciie.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: o?eueo?aoe?y, iiaeaeue, aeaoi?iaoe?ei? i?ioeane, ae?aia,
caieiaeoaa/, nooic?y, eieueiaoaae, a?oio, aiae?oe/iee ?ica’ycie.

AIIIOAOeEss

Oeaioe I.I. Oai?aoe/aneea iniiau oeeueo?aoeee a aeaoi?ie?oaiie n?aaea e
eo eniieueciaaiea a iaeanoe ae?aiaaea.- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie aeieoi?a oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii
niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.23.16–aeae?aaeeea e eiaeaia?iay aeae?ieiaey.–
?eaiaineee ainoaea?noaaiiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao, ?eaiy, 1999.

Ai aaaaeaiee iainiiaaia aeooaeueiinoue oaiu, noi?ioee?iaaiu oeaeue e
caaea/e enneaaeaaaiee, ?ane?uoa iao/iay iiaecia iieo/aiiuo ?acoeueoaoia
e eo i?aeoe/aneia cia/aiea, aeaia iauay oa?aeoa?enoeea ?aaiou.

A ia?aii ?acaeaea ?anniio?aiu aniaeou nia?aiaiiiai ninoiyiey oai?ee
oeeueo?aoeee e a? i?eiaiaiey e ae?aiaaeo. Iieacaii, /oi iniaaiiinoueth
eniieueciaaiey iaoaiaoe/aneeo iniia oai?ee oeeueo?aoeee e ?aoaieth
caaea/ aeae?ioaoie/aneiai e iaeei?aoeaiiai no?ieoaeuenoaa anoue
eniieueciaaiea iiaeaeae, a eioi?uo eiyooeoeeaio oeeueo?aoeee i?eieiaaony
iinoiyiiui, iaeciaiythueiny ai a?aiaie, ianiio?y ia i?ienoiaeyuea
aeaoi?iaoeeiiiua i?ioeannu. Aiaeec enneaaeiaaiee ?aaiou ae?aiaaeiuo
eiino?oeoeee, iniaaiii inooeoaeueiuo, inooeoaeueii-oaeaaeieoaeueiuo e
oaeaaeieoaeueiuo nenoai, iieacae, /oi aeaoi?iaoeeiiiua i?ioeannu a
a?oioa i?eae?aiiie ciiu nouanoaaiii aeeytho ia oeeueo?aoeeiiiue ?anoiae.

Ai aoi?ii ?acaeaea i?aaenoaaeaia iaoiaeeea auiieiaiey enneaaeiaaiee
oeeueo?aoeee a aeaoi?ie?oaiie n?aaea. Oeacuaaaony, /oi iaeaieaa
oeaeaniia?aciui iiaeoiaeii e eco/aieth ?anniao?eaaaiiai yaeaiey anoue
eniieueciaaiea oeaeaiai?aaeaiiuo iiaeaeueiuo iaoiaeia n aunieei o?iaiai
iaoaiaoe/aneiai iienaiey. I?e iino?iaiee ?an/aoiie iaoaiaoe/aneie
iiaeaee o/eouaathony neaaeothuea o?aaiaaiey: iiaeaeue aeieaeia
ioia?aaeaoue iniiaiua naienoaa yaeaiey; ia iniiaa iiaeaee aeieaeiu auoue
iieo/aiu iieaciua i?aeoe/aneea ?acoeueoaou n iiiiuueth aeinooiiuo e
aeinoaoi/ii oi/iuo iaoaiaoe/aneeo n?aaenoa; aeey aoiaeyueo a iiaeaeue
ia?aiao?ia n?aaeu aeieaeia auoue ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea eo ii?aaeaeaiey;
oi/iinoue ?acoeueoaoia, iieo/aiiuo n iiiiuueth iaoaiaoe/aneiai
iiaeaee?iaaiey n aaaaeaieai ecaanoiuo ia?aiao?ia n?aaeu, aeieaeia auoue
niecia?eia n oi/iinoueth ii?aaeaeaiey yoeo enoiaeiuo aeaiiuo.

I?eaaaeaiu oa?aeoa?enoeee yenia?eiaioaeueiie onoaiiaee, oeeueo?aoeeiiiuo
iiaeaeae, iiaeaeueiuo e iaoo?iuo a?oioia, enneaaeoaiuo ae?aiaaeiuo
eiino?oeoeee, iiuoii-i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo ae?aiaaeiuo nenoai. Ia eiie?aoiuo
i?eia?ao ?ane?uoa iaoiaeeea ieaie?iaaiey e i?iaaaeaiey yenia?eiaioia,
ia?aaioee ?acoeueoaoia iiuoia.

A o?aoueai ?acaeaea i?eaaaeaiu ?acoeueoaou oai?aoe/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee
niaianoiiai i?ioeanna oeeueo?aoeee e noooiceiiiuo aeaoi?iaoeee. I?e
iino?iaiee nenoaiu aeeooa?aioeeaeueiuo o?aaiaiee aeey iienaiey
oeeueo?aoeee a ca?ienoie n?aaea e noooiceiiiuo i?ioeannia, aucaaiiuo
aeaenoaeai oeeueo?aoeeiiiuo nee, ?anniao?eaaaony a?oio, ninoiyuee ec
ioiineoaeueii iaiiaeaeaeiiai neaeaoa e noooiceiiiuo /anoeoe, eioi?ua
aeaeaathony eee iiaoo i?e ii?aaeaeaiiuo oneiaeyo ia?aeoe a ninoiyiea
aeaeaeaiey. Ii aiaeiaee n iaaeaoi?ie?oaiie n?aaeie ?anniio?ai
yeaiaioa?iue iau?i e ninoaaeaii aeeooa?aioeeaeueiia o?aaiaiea aaeaina
iannu ii?enoie n?aaeu. Aeiiieieoaeueii e o?aaiaieyi aeaeaeaiey aeey
oeeueo?aoeeiiiiai iioiea (iaoaiaoe/aneie caiene iniiaiiai caeiia
oeeueo?aoeee a aeeooa?aioeeaeueiie oi?ia) aaaaeaii o?aaiaiea aeey
ii?aaeaeaiey nei?inoe aeaeaeaiey noooiceiiiuo /anoeoe a caaeneiinoe io
oa?aeoa?enoee oeeueo?aoeeiiiiai iioiea. Aeey iieo/aiiie nenoaiu
o?aaiaiee auiieiaiu iinoaiiaee caaea/ oeeueo?aoeee e ae?aia (neaaaeeia)
a e?oaiaii ieanoa i?e iaee/ee noooiceiiiuo aeaoi?iaoeee a eieaeueiuo
ciiao e noi?ioee?iaaiu iiaeoiaeu e eo ?aoaieth.

Aeey neo/ay noaaeeecaoeee i?ioeanna noooicee (eieueiaoaaea), eioi?ue
eiaao i?aeoe/aneia cia/aiea, iieo/aiu ?aoaiey e?aaauo caaea/
oeeueo?aoeee e ae?aiaaeo, a /anoiinoe, a aeaooo?aeoeeiiiuo e
iiiaio?aeoeeiiiuo a?oioao, a oeeeeiae?e/anee neienouo a?oioao e
oeeueo?ao. ?anniio?aiu oaeaea iiaeaee eciaiaiey eiyooeoeeaioa
oeeueo?aoeee (iiaeaee aiciouaiee) i?e aai eeiaeiie caaeneiinoe io
a?aaeeaioa iaii?a, i?e eioi?ii i?ienoiaeyo aeaoi?iaoeeiiiua i?ioeannu.
Auiieiaii iiaeaee?iaaiea iaeeiaeiuo i?ioeannia oeeueo?aoeee ec
oaeaaeieoaeae a aeaoi?ie?oaioth n?aaeo. I?eaaaeaiu ?acoeueoaou /eneaiiuo
?an/?oia oa?aeoa?iuo aa?eaioia iiaeaee?iaaiey eieaeueiuo i?ioeannia
aeaoi?iaoeee.

A /aoa??oii ?acaeaea i?aaenoaaeaiu ?acoeueoaou yenia?eiioaeueiuo
enneaaeiaaiee oeeueo?aoeee a aeaoi?ie?oaiie n?aaea. Iiuoaie ia onoaiiaea
Aea?ne onoaiiaeaiu eiee/anoaaiiua oa?aeoa?enoeee aeeyiey a?aaeeaioa
iaii?a, i?e eioi?ii noaaeeece?othony aeaoi?iaoeee, ia eciaiaiea
eiyooeoeeaioa oeeueo?aoeee a?oioa. Ia uaeaaii eioea ii?aaeaeai i?eoie e
ae?aiaaeiui eiino?oeoeeyi, ?aaioathuei a ?acee/iuo a?oioao.
Enneaaeiaaiey oeeueo?aoeeiiiuo i?ioeannia aie?oa ae?ai e oaeaaeieoaeae a
?aaeeaeueiii iioiea i?iaaaeaiu a ianoooiceiiiuo e noooiceiiiuo a?oioao.
A ea/anoaa ae?aiaaeiuo eiino?oeoeee eniieueciaaeenue aii/a?iue ae?aiaae
(niaaeeiaiea o?oaie anoue e ioooaie), ieanoianniaua o?oau n caueoie
neiyie oeeueo?a e aac iaa, niaa?oaiiua ii oa?aeoa?o ane?uoey ieanoa
ae?aiu. Yenia?eiaioaeueii iiaeoaa?aeaeaii nouanoaaiiia aeeyiea
aeaoi?iaoeeiiiuo i?ioeannia ia oeeueo?aoeeiiiue ?anoiae. Iiuoiua
?anoiaeu cia/eoaeueii ioee/athony io ?an/?oiuo, iieo/aiiuo i?e
iinoiyiiii eiyooeoeeaioa oeeueo?aoeee, iniaaiii i?e iiiaie?aoiii
iiaoi?aiee oeeeea inooaiea-iiaeii/aaiiia oaeaaeiaiea.

Ioeaiea aeinoiaa?iinoe oai?aoe/aneeo caaeneiinoae auiieiaia ia iniiaa
iaoo?iuo enneaaeiaaiee ae?aiaaeiuo eiino?oeoeee.

A iyoii ?acaeaea i?aaenoaaeaiu caaeneiinoe e ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii
oeeueo?aoeeiiiiio ?an/?oo ae?aiaaeiuo eiino?oeoeee n o/?oii
aeaoi?iaoeeiiiuo i?ioeannia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oeeueo?aoeey, iiaeaeue, aeaoi?iaoeeiiiua i?ioeannu,
ae?aia, oaeaaeieoaeue, noooicey, eieueiaoaae, a?oio, aiaeeoe/aneia
?aoaiea.

ANNOTATION

Khlapuk N.N. Theoretical Bases of Filtration in the Peformed surrounding
and Their Usage in the Field of Drainage. –Manuscript.

Dissertation for a doktor’s degree by speciality 05.23.16-hydraulics
and engineer hydrology, state Technical University of the city of Rivne,
Rivne, 1999.

Dissertation contains the questions of theoretical description of the
combined process of filtration in the graing surrounding and the
phenomena of piping which are raised by the action of filtration stream
forces. The mathematical model has been worked out and it describes
filtration in the entire subsoil massif and deformations (piping,
colmatage) in the zone of gradients which overdraw critical. On the base
of this model the extreme tasks of nonlenear are put. The analytical
solutions of filtration tasks under the condition of stabilization of
piping processes are achieved. They can be used directly while solving
actual practical problems. During laboratoty and on location experiments
of deformational processes in the subsoil around drainage constructions
and moisteners, the adequacy between theoretical results and
experimental data was prowed. Formulas of filtration calculation of
piping and colmatage existing in the subsoil of around drain zone are
suggested.

Key words: filtration, model, deformation processes, drain, moistener,
piping, comatage, subsail, analytical solutions.

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