IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE ?INOEOOO O?CEEE IAI?AI?IA?AeIEE?A

OAeE 621.315.592

Eaaa?oeaa Na?a?e Aieiaeeie?iae/

Oai?aoe/i? aniaeoe oaoiieia?? ae?iuoaaiiy oa ianooiii? ia?iaee
iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo oaa?aeeo ?ic/ei?a ia iniia? niieoe AIIBVI.

(05.27.06 — oaoiieia?y, iaeaaeiaiiy oa ae?iaieoeoai aeaeo?iiii? oaoi?ee)

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? o?ceee iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a Iaoe?iiaeueii?
Aeaaeai?? Iaoe Oe?a?ie, i?noi Ee?a.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:Aeieoi? o?c. — iao. iaoe, no.iaoe. ni?a.

A?ey?a Ieaenaiae? ?aaaiiae/,

?OI IAIO, i.Ee?a, i?ia. iaoe. ni?a.Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:Aeieoi? o?c. —
iao. iaoe, i?ioani?

Aa?/aiei Ieeiea Ieeiea?ae/ ,

Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”, i.Euea?a, i?ioani?

Aeieoi? o?c. — iao. iaoe, i?ioani?

Iaea? A?eai??e Nieiiiiiae/

?OI IAIO, i.Ee?a, i?ia. iaoe. ni?a.I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:*a?i?aaoeueeee
aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?i. TH. Oaaeueeiae/a, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe
Oe?a?ie, i. *a?i?aoe?

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 29 /aaiy 1999 ?. i 1415 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 26.199.01 a ?inoeooo? o?ceee
iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a Iaoe?iiaeueii? Aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith:
252028, Ee?a — 28, i?.Iaoee, 45.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo o?ceee
iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a Iaoe?iiaeueii? Aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa? Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee eaiaeeaeao o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo
iaoe?oaeueei A.TH.18

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Iaoith iiaeaii? ?iaioe ? oai?aoe/iee aiae?c eiea ieoaiue, iia’ycaieo c
oaoiieia??th ae?iuoaaiiy oa ianooiii? ia?iaee aocueeiu?eeiieo
iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a (Hg,Cd)Te oa (Hg,Mn)Te.

Aeooaeuei?noue ia?aii? oaie iaoiiaeaia oe?ieeie ia?niaeoeaaie
canoinoaaiiy oeeo iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a a ?io?a/a?aii?e (?*)
oioiaeaeo?ii?oe?, ui aeieeaathoue c aeiyoeiaeo o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae
aocueeiu?eeiieo iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a AIIBVI, oaeeo ye aaeeea ?ooeea?noue
iin??a ca?yaeo, aeniea oioi/ooeea?noue oa iaeaea 100% eaaioiaee aeo?ae
oioiaoaeoo.

Iaea?eueo aea/aiith niieoeith caaaeaii? a?oie ? iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaee
oaa?aeee ?ic/ei (Hg,Cd)Te, yeee nueiaiaei? ?icaeyaeathoue ye iniiaiee
iaoa??ae aeey noai?aiiy oioii?eeia/?a ?* ae?aiaciio niaeo?o. ?acii c
iniaeeainoyie ciiii? no?oeoo?e (ui aecia/athoue ooiaeaiaioaeuei? o?ce/i?
ia?aiao?e oeueiai iai?ai?ia?aeieea), oaeoi?ii, yeee coiiaeth? eiai
aaeeeo ?ieue a o?ceoe? oa oaoi?oe? iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo niieoe ? neeaaeia
i?e?iaea (Hg,Cd)Te ye oaa?aeiai ?ic/eia ?c ci?iiith aeaoaeoiith
no?oeoo?ith, ui iaaea? aaeee? iiaeeeaino? aeey ?ic?iaee i?eeaaeieo
no?oeoo? ??cii? eiio?ao?aoe??. C oe??? i?e/eie, oi/a oae? iaoa??aee, ye
InSb /e ?io? iai?ai?ia?aeieee a?oie AIIIBV oni?oii eiieo?othoue c
(Hg,Cd)Te a ie?aieo iaeanoyo, noa?a canoinoaaiiy (Hg,Cd)Te a
?io?a/a?aia?e oaoi?oe? aacia?a?aii ?icoe?th?oueny.

A?eueo?noue no?aoaa?/ieo ia?aaaa oaa?aeiai ?ic/eio (Hg,Cd)Te — oaeeo ye
caeaaei?noue oe?eie caai?iiaii? ciie a?ae neeaaeo, aaeeea ?ieue aeanieo
oi/eiaeo aeaoaeo?a, aai /ooeea?noue aeaeo?iiii? i?aenenoaie aei
ciai?oi?o aieea?a, — i?eoaiaii? oaeiae nii??aeiai?e c iei niieooe?
(Hg,Mn)Te. Ii/aoeiai, ?ioa?an aei (Hg,Mn)Te aeiee o ca’yceo c
oi?eaeueieie iaai?oieie aeanoeainoyie oaa?aeeo ?ic/ei?a AIIBVI,
eaaiaaieo ?iiaie ia?ao?aeieo iaoae?a, ui aeicaiey? aeae?eeoe oe? niieoee
a ?aeeiee eean iai?aiaai?oieo iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a. Inoaii?i /anii niieoeo
(Hg,Mn)Te ?icaeyaeathoue oaeiae ye aocueeiu?eeiiee iai?ai?ia?aeiee, yeee
ia? naiino?eia cia/aiiy a ?* oioiaeaeo?ii?oe?. Aaaaea?oueny, ui
i?enooi?noue ?ii?a ia?aaioeth noaa?e?co? iano?eeee o?i?/iee ca’ycie a
e?enoae?/i?e a?aooe? HgTe. I?e aeecueeeo aeaeo?io?ce/ieo ia?aiao?ao oea
caaacia/o? a?eueoo no?oeoo?io aeineiiae?noue e?enoae?a (Hg,Mn)Te o
ii??aiyii? c e?enoaeaie (Hg,Cd)Te, ae?iuaieie ca aiaeia?/ieo oiia, ui
coiiaeth? ?yae ia?aaaa (Hg,Mn)Te i?e noai?aii? aaaaoiaeaiaioieo iioe/ieo
nenoai. Oaeoi?ii, ui no?eio? i?aeoe/ia canoinoaaiiy oe??? niieoee, ?
iaaeinoaoiuei a?aei?aoeueiaaia oaoiieia?y io?eiaiiy e?enoae?a (Hg,Mn)Te
caaeaiiai neeaaeo oa yeino?.

Iioe?aiei iaoiaeii io?eiaiiy oaa?aeeo ?ic/ei?a (Hg,Cd)Te oa (Hg,Mn)Te ?
ae?iuoaaiiy niieoee ?c caaaa/aiiai oaeo?ii ?icieaao eiiiiiaio. O
aeiaaeeo a?eueii? e?enoae?caoe?? ?c ?icieaao, oiiae ae?iuoaaiiy
oaa?aeiai ?ic/eio caaeaiiai neeaaeo iiaeia aecia/eoe aeoiaey/e ?c
iiaeae? oaciai? ??aiiaaae, ui aaeaeaaoii iieno? iiaa?oith e?ea?aeono
a?aeiia?aeii? o?ueioeiiiiiaioii? nenoaie. I?e ai?oaen?eiiio ae?iuoaaii?
oa?aeoa?enoeee io?eiaieo e?enoae?a iiaeooue caeaaeaoe a?ae oeio, a
oaeiae nooiaiy no?oeoo?ii? oa o?i?/ii? aeineiiaeino? ia?aii?
i?aeeeaaeee.

Aeo?aeiei ioieoii ia?oi? /anoeie iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy noaei
nenoaiaoe/ia ?icoiaeaeaiiy i?ae ?aaeueiei neeaaeii ai?oaen?aeueieo
ie?aie (Hg,Mn)Te, ae?iuaieo c ??aeei? oace, oa neeaaeii, ui i/?eo?oueny
ia i?aenoaa? oai?aoe/iiai aiae?co iiaa?oi? e?ea?aeono nenoaie Hg-Mn-Te.
Cie?aia, i?e ae?iuoaaii? (Hg,Mn)Te/Cd0.96Zn0.04Te ia i?aenoaa? iaaii?
ae?aa?aie noaio o?ueioeiiiiiaioii? nenoaie iaie aoee io?eiai? c?acee, ui
a?aeiia?aeathoue iiiyooth /ioe?ueioeiiiiiaioii? niieoee (Hg,Mn,Cd)Te,
i?e/iio eiioeaio?aoe?y ia?aaioeth a oaa?aeiio ?ic/ei? aeyaeeany iaaaaaoi
iaioith ca oo, ui ?? aoei ?ic?aoiaaii a ?aieao ni?yaeaii? c ae?aa?aiith
noaio iiaeae? oaciai? ??aiiaaae. Aiae?c e?oa?aoo?e aeia?a, ui
a?aeo?eaiiy neeaaeo ai?oaen?eieo ie?aie a?ae i/?eoaaiiai ?c iacaeaaeii?
ae?aa?aie noaio niinoa??aa?oueny oaeiae i?e ae?iuoaaii? (Hg,Mn)Te ia
i?aeeeaaeeao CdTe ? caaaeaee a?aeiia?aea? ciaioaiith aeeeaoaoe?eii?
iaocaiaeaeaiino? i?ae ai?oaen?aeueiei oa?ii oa i?aeeeaaeeith. ?ai?oa
aiaeia?/ia a?aeoeeaiiy niinoa??aaeinue i?e ai?oaen?eiiio ae?iuoaaii?
(Hg,Zn)Te/CdTe oa aoei ?icoe?iaia aeine?aeieeaie ye ?acoeueoao ci?uaiiy
oiia oaciai? ??aiiaaae, iaoiiaeaiiai i?oaeieie iai?oaaie a ai?oaen?eiiio
oa??. Ioaea, oe?eeii i?e?iaeiei iiaeiii aoei aooe i?eiouaiiy, ca yeei
i?e ai?oaen?eiiio ae?iuoaaii? (Hg,Mn)Te ie ia?ii ni?aao c ?aaeueiei
ciaioaiiyi eiioeaio?aoe?? ia?aaioeth a oaa?aeiio ?ic/ei?, iaoiiaeaiei
iaocaiaeaeaii?noth ia?aiao??a e?enoae?/ii? a?aoee i?aeeeaaeee oa ie?aee.

C ?ioiai aieo, iaie aoei a?aoiaaii oie oaeo, ui o ii??aiyii? c oai???th
oaciaeo ??aiiaaa a oaeeo nii??aeiaieo c Hg-Mn-Te nenoaiao AIIBVI , ye,
iai?eeeaae, Hg-Cd-Te, oai??y oaciaeo ??aiiaaa a nenoai? Hg-Mn-Te
?icaeiooa iaaeinoaoiuei. Cie?aia, cae/aeia aeei?enoaiiy aeine?aeieeaie
iiaeae? iiai?noth anioe?eiaaiiai ?ic/eio ia a?aoiao?, ia iao iiaeyae,
oa?aeoa?o p-T — ae?aa?aie a?ia?ii? nenoaie Hg-Te ? iiaea i?ecaiaeeoe aei
iii?oieo iioeaie i?e ?ic?aooieao ae?aa?aie noaio o?ueioeiiiiiaioii?
nenoaie. Oaeei /eiii, aa?oi aoei ia?aa??eoe, /e ia ? cacia/aia
?icoiaeaeaiiy i?ae oai???th oa aenia?eiaioii iane?aeeii iaaeinoaoiuei
aaeaeaaoiiai iieno oaciaeo ??aiiaaa a nenoai? Hg-Mn-Te iacaeaaeii a?ae
niaoeeo?ee ai?oaen?eiiai ae?iuoaaiiy oaa?aeiai ?ic/eio.

Iacaeaaeii a?ae ?ie? i?oaeieo iai?oa i?e ai?oaeneiiio ae?iuoaaii?
niieoee, aaaeeeaei eiiiiiaioii aieeao i?aeeeaaeee ia ia?aiao?e
ai?oaen?eii? no?oeoo?e ? aca?iia aeeooc?y eiiiiiaio. Aiae?c
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo na?ae/eoue, ui i?e oaiia?aoo?ao ??aeeiiioacii?
ai?oaen?? ?ieue aca?iiaeeooc?? iieyaa? o oi?ioaaii? ia?ao?aeiiai oa?o
i?ae i?aeeeaaeeith oa ie?aeith, oiaueia yeiai iaiaaeo?oueny aeanyoeaie
i?e?ii ? iiaea aooe iaaaaaoi iaioith, i?ae oiaueia ie?aee. Oeae
ia?ao?aeiee oa? ?, iaeiae, aa?eciiiei ? iiaea aieeaaoe ia ?acoeueoaoe
aeaeo?io?ce/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy c?ace?a. A?aoiaoth/e oea, c iaoith
aena?oeaiiy oiia oe?eani?yiiaaiiai ae?iuoaaiiy ai?oaen?aeueieo ie?aie
(Hg,Mn)Te ?c caaeaieie aeanoeainoyie iaie aoee iinoaaeai? oa ae??oai?
ianooii? caaea/?:

1. Ia?aa??ea a?iioace i?i ci?uaiiy oiia oaciai? ??aiiaaae i?e
ae?iuoaaii? oaa?aeiai ?ic/eio (Hg,Mn)Te ia aeeeaoaoe?eii iaocaiaeaeai?e
i?aeeeaaeoe? ca aeiiiiiaith oa?iiaeeiai?/iiai aiae?co ?nioth/eo
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo.

2. Iiooe aaeaeaaoiiai iieno aeacaieo aeaieo a ?aieao iaoaiaoe/iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy oaciaeo ??aiiaaa a nenoai? Hg-Mn-Te, oa, eiee iiae?aiee
iien iiaeeeaee, ?ic?aooiie ?cieiioeaio?ao nie?aeono o?ueioeiiiiiaioii?
nenoaie.

3. Ioe?iea iiaeeeaiai aeeaaeo aeaeo?iiieo noai?a a aa?eciiiiio oa??, ui
oi?io?oueny aiane?aeie ?icieaaiiy iaae? ?iciiae?eo ai?oaen?eiee oa? —
i?aeeeaaeea aiane?aeie aca?iiaeeooc?? eiiiiiaio, a aeaeo?io?ce/i?
oa?aeoa?enoeee e?enoae?a (Hg,Mn)Te, ae?iuaieo ?c ??aeei? oace .

Aiane?aeie a?aeiinii oe?iei? iaeano? aiiiaaiiino? a niieoeao AIIBVI,
aaaeeeaa i?noea a iaa?oiooaaii? oaoiieia?? ae?iuoaaiiy oa ianooiiiai
a?aeiaeo aocueeiu?eeiieo e?enoae?a, ui ?icaeyaeathoueny, iin?aea?
i?iaeaia aeanieo oi/eiaeo aeaoaeo?a. Niieoea (Hg,Mn)Te a oeueiio aniaeo?
aea/aia iaei, a /e ia iaea?eueo aea/aiith ? niieoea Hg0.8Cd0.2Te, aea
aeaeo?e/ii aeoeai? aeani? oi/eia? aeaoaeoe aecia/athoue oei i?ia?aeiino?
iaa?aeiaeaieo e?enoae?a, ae?iuaieo ?c ??aeei? oace, eeiaoeeo a?aeiaeo
iai?ai?ia?aeieea a ia?? eiiiiiaio, aieeaathoue ia i?ioeane aeeooc??
aeii?oie oa aoaeoeai?noue ea?iaaiiai eaaoaaiiy iai?ai?ia?aeieea. A
ca’yceo c iniaeeaei cia/aiiyi oe??? niieoee ye aeaoaeoi?iiai iaoa??aeo,
ieoaiiy, iia’ycai? c aeaoaeoiith no?oeoo?th Hg0.8Cd0.2Te oa oeyoaie ??
aaiethoe?? a oa?iiia?iaeao ? aeineoue i??i?eoaoieie.

A na?e /an, aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioean?a aeeooc?? oa a?aeiaeo Hg0.8Cd0.2Te
i?ecaaee aei iaeiie/aiiy aaeeeiai ia’?io aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo, ye?
oae /e ?iaeoa oa?aeoa?ecothoue aeaoaeoio no?oeoo?o oeueiai iaoa??aeo a
eiai ??aiiaaaeiiio noai?. Oea, iaeiae, ia i?ecaaei aei iiaeieaiiy
?nioth/eo ?ica?aeiinoae o iiaeyaeao, cie?aia — uiaei ?ioa?i?aoaoe??
aeaieo naiiaeeooc?? ?ooo? oa eaaei?th a eiioaeno? oyaeaiue i?i aeaoaeoio
no?oeoo?o iai?ai?ia?aeieea, ?icaeiooeo aeey iiyniaiiy aeaeo?io?ce/ieo
aeanoeainoae a?aeiaeaieo e?enoae?a. Ia?aaeyae ?nioth/eo
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo aeicaiey? i?eionoeoe, ui aeayeiai i?ia?ano a
oeueiio iai?yieo iiaeia aeinyaoe ia oeyoo ni?eueii? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??
aeaieo naiiaeeooc?? oa ?acoeueoao?a aeaeo?io?ce/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
e?enoae?a c iaia’yceiaei caeo/aiiyi aei aiae?co aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeaieo, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue e?iaoeeo iecueeioaiia?aoo?iiai a?aeiaeo
iai?ai?iaaeieea o iane/ai?e ia?? ?ooo?. Ni?aaa a oiio, ui aeine?aeaeaiiy
e?iaoeee a?aeiaeo iaaea? (i?eioeeiiai) oo ae ?ioi?iaoe?th, ui e noi?nia
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?io?e?a ?iciiae?eo i?/aieo aoii?a oa aeaeo?io?ce/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee e?enoae?a, i?eaaaeaieo aei ??aiiaaae c ia?ith, a naia
aeicaiey? ioe?ieoe eiao?oe??ioe aeeooc?? oa ??aiiaaaei? eiioeaio?aoe??
aeanieo aeaoaeo?a. Ioaea, aenia?eiaioe eiaeiiai iacaaiiai eeano
aeoaeththoue aenia?eiaioe aeaio ?ioeo, a ca aeiiiiiaith ii??aiyeueiiai
aiae?co on??? noeoiiino? a?aeiia?aeieo ?i aeaieo iiaeia ii-ia?oa,
a?aeoeeeoe o? oeai? oyaeaiiy i?i i?e?iaeo oa iaoai?cie aeeooc?? iniiaieo
oi/eiaeo aeaoaeo?a, ye? aoee ?icaeioo? ia aac? aenia?eiaio?a iaeiiai
eeano ? ia iiaeooue aooe ?iciianthaeaeai? ia ?io?, ii ae?oaa — aeae?eeoe
aai caoaeoaaoe ocaiaeaeaio iiaeaeue aeaoaeoii? no?oeoo?e Hg0.8Cd0.2Te. A
a??oiio aeiaaeeo, ie aeiaaaeaii, ui inoaii? iaiiaeeeai.

Aaee/eiith, ui oa?aeoa?eco? i?ioean a?aeiaeo oa eaaei iiaea aooe
ciaeaeaia i?aeoe/ii ? aeeaeia caeyaaiiy p-n-ia?aoiaeo, yeee
ooai?th?oueny a i?eiiaa?oiaaiio oa?? e?enoaeo eiee eiioeaio?aoe?y
aeanieo aeaoaeo?a (aaeain?e o i?aea?aooe? iaoaeo) ia eiai iiaa?oi?
aeyaey?oueny iaioith, i?ae eiioeaio?aoe?y caeeoeiaeo aeii?oie, ye
i?aaeei aeiii?ieo. A ca’yceo c oeei, eiie?aoiith caaea/ath ae?oai?
/anoeie ?iaioe aoa e?euee?niee aiae?c oaiia?aoo?ii? caeaaeiino? aeeaeie
caeyaaiiy p-n — ia?aoiaeo, cae?eniaiee iaie ia aac? oeo iiaeaeueieo
oyaeaiue i?i aeaoaeoio no?oeoo?o Hg0.8Cd0.2Te, ye? iiyniththoue a?aeiio
caeaaei?noue eiioeaio?aoe?? aeoeaioi??a o a?aeiaeaieo c?aceao p-oeio
a?ae oiia a?aeiaeo iaei?ino?oei oa iaea?eueo ae?ia?aeiei /eiii.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Ia?oa /anoeia
iiaeaii? ?iaioe aeeiiaia a ?aieao i?iaeoo 05.01/07044 “?ic?iaea
oaoiieia?? oa i?aai?caoe?y aeine?aeiiai ae?iaieoeoaa ai?oaen?eieo
no?oeoo? aeey aaaaoiaeaiaioieo aeaoaeoi??a ?io?a/a?aiiiai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy” (oeo? “Oan?/”) I?iiaoee Oe?a?ie. Ae?oaa /anoeia
aeeiiaia a ?aieao oaie “Eiiieaeni? aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao i?aeaeaoaeoii?
aca?iiae?? a e?enoaeao Si, Ge, GaAs, CdTe, CdxHg1-xTe, MnxHg1-xTe ia
e?iaoeeo aeaeo?iiieo i?ioean?a o oa?iiaeeiei?/ii ??aiiaaaeieo ia
ia??aiiaaaeieo oiiaao”, caoaa?aeaeaii? Ath?i AOA IAI Oe?a?ie 20.12.1994
?. (i?ioieie ?9).

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui aia?oa:

1. Iiaeaia e?euee?nia ioe?iea iiaeeeaiai aeeaaeo i?oaeieo iai?oa, ye?
aeieeathoue a ie?aeao (Hg,Mn)Te i?e ??aeeiiioaciaiio ae?iuoaaii?
oaa?aeiai ?ic/eio ia aeeeaoaoe?eii iaocaiaeaeai?e i?aeeeaaeoe? oeio
CdTe, a oiiae oaciai? ??aiiaaae.

2. ?ic?aoiaaii nie?aeon o?ueioeiiiiiaioii? nenoaie Hg-Mn-Te o
iaaeeaeaii? /anoeiai? anioe?aoe?? a i?aenenoai? Hg-Te o?ueioeiiiiiaioii?
nenoaie.

3. Aeine?aeaeaii aieea oiieiai ia?ao?aeiiai oa?o, ui oi?io?oueny
aiane?aeie ?icieaaiiy iaae? ?iciiae?eo ai?oaen?eiee oa? — i?aeeeaaeea
i?e ??aeeiiioaciaiio ae?iuoaaii? (Hg,Mn)Te/Cd0.96Zn0.04Te, ia
aeaeo?io?ce/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee ai?oaen?aeueii? no?oeoo?e.

4. Nenoaiaoe/ii, a oe?ieiio ?ioa?aae? oaiia?aoo?, ni?anoaaeaii aeai?, ui
oa?aeoa?ecothoue aeeooc?th ?cioiio Hg203 oa e?iaoeeo
iecueeioaiia?aoo?iiai a?aeiaeo Hg0.8Cd0.2Te a iane/ai?e ia?? ?ooo?.

O a?aeiia?aeiino? c iinoaiiai/iith /anoeiith, i?aeoe/io oe?ii?noue ia?
a?eueo?noue io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Cie?aia, aiae?c oiia oaciai?
??aiiaaae a nenoai? Hg-Mn-Te, a oaeiae aena?oeaiiy ?yaeo ieoaiue uiaei
ai?oaen?eiiai ae?iuoaaiiy (Hg,Mn)Te ia i?aeeeaaeeao CdTe aai (CdZn)Te,
ia? i/aaeaeia cia/aiiy aeey oaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?? ae?iuoaaiiy
ye?nieo iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo no?oeoo? ia iniia? oe??? niieoee, ui oaeaeei
noa? iaeiei c i?ia?aeieo iai?yie?a ?icaeoeo oaoiieia?? iaoa??ae?a AIIBVI
aeey iio?aa ?* oioiaeaeo?ii?ee. C ?ioiai aieo, aeeiiaiee iaie
ii??aiyeuei?e aiae?c aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo, ye? c ??cieo aie?a
oa?aeoa?ecothoue aeaoaeoio no?oeoo?o Hg0.8Cd0.2Te o ??aiiaac? c ia?ith,
i???ioiaaiee ia ?icaeoie e?euee?niiai ?icoi?iiy caeiiii??iinoae
oi?ioaaiiy oa aaiethoe?? aeaoaeoii? no?oeoo?e oeueiai iai?ai?ia?aeieea,
? iiaea aooe iniiaith aeey na?aeiiiai aeai?o ?aaeei?a oaiia?aoo?ii?
ia?iaee iaoa??aeo.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aoee ai?iaiaai? ia
ianooiieo eiioa?aioe?yo: IV I?aeia?iaeia eiioa?aioe?y OOOI-93
(?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1993), II Oe?a?inueea eiioa?aioe?y
“Iaoa??aeiciaanoai ? o?ceea iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo oac ci?iiiai neeaaeo”
(I?aeei, 1993), Third International Conference Material Science and
Material Properties for Infrared Photoelectronics (Uzhgorod, 1996), III
Ana?inneeneay eiioa?aioeey ii oeceea iieoi?iaiaeieeia (Iineaa, 1997).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 8 ae?oeiaaieo
i?aoeue.

Ia’?i oa no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
/ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a oa nieneo oeeoiaaii? e?oa?aoo?e. Ianya
aeena?oaoe?? noaiiaeoue 140 noi??iie, aeeth/ath/e 27 iaethie?a oa 5
oaaeeoeue.

Iniaenoee aeeaae aeena?oaioa. Aeena?oaioii naiino?eii io?eiaia
a?eueo?noue iaaaaeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?ic?aooiie ?ooeeaino? iin??a a
ai?oaen?aeueieo ie?aeao (Hg,Mn)Te cae?eniaiee N.I. Eii??aiei, o
ni?aaaoi?noa? c yeei iaienaia ?iaioa uiaei iniaeeainoae yaeu ia?aiino a
ai?oaen?aeueieo ie?aeao HgxMn1-xTe/Cd0.96Zn0.04Te. Aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue
aeniiaie noiniaii i?e/ei oi?ioaaiiy ia i?aeeeaaeoe?
/ioe?ueioeiiiiiaioii? niieoee, e?euee?nia ioe?iea aeeaaeo aia?a??
i?oaeiuei? aca?iiae?? a oiiae oaciai? ??aiiaaae, ?io? oaa?aeaeaiiy oa
aeniiaee iiaeaii? i?aoe?.

EI?IOEEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O acooi? iaaaaeaii noeneo oa?aeoa?enoeeo aeeiiaii? ?iaioe.
Noi?ioeueiaai? iniiai? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaa?oioiaaia ?o
aeooaeuei?noue, aeeeaaeai? iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe, iienaia ?o iaoeiaa
iiaecia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy. Iiaeaii a?aeiiino? i?i ai?iaaoe?th
?iaioe, iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa, ioae?eaoe??, iaaiaeeoueny ei?ioeee
ci?no aeena?oaoe?? ii ?icae?eao.

Ia?oee ?icae?e ia? iaeyaeiaee oa?aeoa? ? i?enay/aiee iniaeeainoyi
iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy oaciai? ??aiiaaae a nenoaiao AIIBVI . A
oeueiio ?icae?e? aaiaeyoueny iniiai? iiiyooy, i?eioeeie oa iaaeeaeaiiy,
oiaoi oi?io?oueny eiioaeno, a yeiio aoaea iiaeaii aiae?c oaciaeo
ni?aa?aeiioaiue a nenoai? Hg-Mn-Te.

No?oeoo?a ?icae?eo a?aeiia?aea? oeueiio caaaeaiith.

A ia?oiio ia?aa?ao? iiaeaia noenea oa?aeoa?enoeea iniiaieo aeanoeainoae
iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo niieoe a?oie AIIBVI oa iaoiaeo ??aeeiii-oaciai?
ai?oaen?? ye caniao ?o io?eiaiiy. Aena?oeai? nooue iaoiaeo, eiai i?noea
na?aae ?ioeo iaoiae?a ae?iuoaaiiy iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo niieoe, a oaeiae
aoaie iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioeano, iniaeeaa i?noea na?aae yeeo
caeia? aiae?c oiia oaciai? ??aiiaaae.

Ae?oaee ia?aa?ao i?noeoue iien i?eioeei?a iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy
oaciaeo ??aiiaaa o aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo nenoaiao. sse iniiaiee iaoiae
?ic?aooieo oaciaeo ??aiiaaa, ?icaeyiooi iaoiae, ui iieyaa? o noi?niiio
ae??oaii? ??aiyiue, ui ? oiiaaie ??aiino? o?i?/ieo iioaioe?ae?a
a?aeiia?aeieo eiiiiiaio o eiaei?e oac?. Eiie?aoiee aeae oeeo ??aiyiue
aecia/a?oueny oei niiniaii, yeei iaaeeeoeiaa aia?a?y ci?ooaaiiy A?aana o
eiaei?e oac? iiaea aooe ae?aaeaia /a?ac eiioeaio?aoe?? eiiiiiaio. A
ia?aa?ao? iaaaaeaia eeaneo?eaoe?y oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo iiaeaeae
aaaaoieiiiiiaioiiai ?ic/eio, iniiaaieo ia a?eueo-iaio ai??i?iiio aeai??
oe??? caeaaeiino?, oa ie?aneaia eiioeaioe?y anioe?eiaaiiai ?ic/eio,
canoinoaaiiy yei? caiia?aa? aeiaeaoeiaiio oneeaaeiaiith oa?iiaeeiai?/ii?
iiaeae? ca iayaiino? niaoeeo?/ii? (ni?yiiaaii?) aca?iiae?? i?ae
eiiiiiaioaie.

Aaciina?aaeiuei aiae?co oaciaeo ??aiiaaa a nenoaiao AIIBVI i?enay/aii
o?ao?e ia?aa?ao. Iniiaia oaaaa i?eae?ey?oueny ieoaiiyi iaoaiaoe/iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy oaciaeo ??aiiaaa a nenoai? Hg-Cd-Te. ?icaeyiooi
iniaeeaino? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue oacia?
??aiiaaae a a?ia?ieo nenoaiao Hg-Te oa CdTe, ieoaiiy aeai?o iaaeeaeaiue,
a oaeiae iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo oaciaeo ??aiiaaa a a?ia?i?e oa
o?ueioeiiiiiaioi?e nenoai? o iaaeeaeaii? /anoeiai? anioe?aoe?? aeey
??aeei? oace.

O caeeth/i?e /anoei? ?icae?eo aeae?eai? aaaeeea? aeey iiaeaeueoiai
aiae?co iniaeeaino? iaoaiaoe/iiai iieno oaciaeo ??aiiaaa a nenoaiao
AIIBVI, a naia: aea?? oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo ia?aiao??a ia?aaaaeii ?c
iaee?aui? a?aeiia?aeiino? aenia?eiaioaeueiei aeaiei, oe?iea aeei?enoaiiy
aeey iieno oaciai? ??aiiaaae o nenoai? ??aeeia — oaa?aea o?ei p-T-x
ae?aa?ai noaio, iien oaciai? ??aiiaaae o nenoai? ??aeeia — oaa?aea o?ei
o caaaeueiiio iaaeeaeaii? /anoeiai anioe?eiaaiiai ?ic/eio aeey ??aeei?
oace c iaaiith aaee/eiith eiinoaioe anioe?aoe??.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e i?enay/aii nenoaiaoe/iiio aeine?aeaeaiith ieoaiue,
iia’ycaieo c ??aeeiii-oaciaith ai?oaen??th iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaiai
oaa?aeiai ?ic/eio (Hg,Mn)Te.

A ?icae?e? iiaeai?:

a) noenea oa?aeoa?enoeea aeaeo?io?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae oaa?aeiai ?ic/eio
(Hg,Mn)Te;

a) aiae?c aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue ca’ycie i?ae
ia?aiao?aie ??aeei? oa oaa?aei? oace, a oaeiae ?nioth/eo niinia?a iieno
oaciaeo ??aiiaaa a nenoai? Hg-Mn-Te;

a) e?euee?nia ioe?iea iiaeeeaiai aieeao i?aeeeaaeee ia neeaae, oiiae
ae?iuoaaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe aeaeo?io?ce/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
ai?oaen?aeueieo ie?aie (Hg,Mn)Te ;

a) ?ic?aooiie ?cieiioeaio?ao nie?aeono nenoaie Hg-Mn-Te o iaaeeaeaii?
/anoeiai? anioe?aoe?? a i?aenenoai? Hg-Te o?ueioeiiiiiaioii? nenoaie.

Ii noo? ?icaeyiooeo ieoaiue cacia/eii ianooiia:

1. Iiaeaethaaiiy oaciaeo ??aiiaaa a nenoai? Hg-Mn-Te ia? iaai?
iniaeeaino?. Cie?aia, aiane?aeie neeaaeiiai oa?aeoa?o oaciaeo aca?iiae?e
a nenoai? Mn-Te, ae?aa?aio noaio oe??? nenoaie ia iiaeia aeei?enoaoe
aeey aecia/aiiy oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo ia?aiao??a nenoaie Hg-Mn-Te. Aeai?, ui
?, oa?aeoa?ecothoue eaac?a?ia?iee ?ic??c HgTe-MnTe oa oaeo?iaee eoo
o?ueioeiiiiiaioii? nenoaie, i?e/iio cae/aeii ie ia?ii ni?aao c iaeeie
eiioeaio?aoe?yie ia?aaioeth a ??aeeiio ?ic/ei?. Oea oneeaaeith?
aecia/aiiy oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo ia?aiao??a o?ueioeiiiiiaioii? nenoaie oa
iio?aao? iniaeeaeo caoiae?a i?e ?o aeiai?? o a?aeiia?aeiino? c
aenia?eiaioii. Aei oiai ae, iaeaea? a?aeii? iai iiaeae? oaciaeo ??aiiaaa
iiaoaeiaaii o iaaeeaeaii? iiai?noth anioe?eiaaiiai ?ic/eio (IA?) a
??aee?e oac?. A iaaeeaeaii? IA? ??aeeo oaco o?ueioeiiiiiaioio? nenoaie
?icaeyaeathoue ye o?ueioeiiiiiaioiee ?ic/ei HgTe-MnTe-Te. Oea nooo?ai
ni?iuo? ?ic?aooiee, aea i?ecaiaeeoue aei iii?oieo iioeaie i?e iiaoaeia?
ae?aa?aie noaio. Ioaea, iaae?eieo aeaieo uiaei oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo
ia?aiao?ia nenoaie Hg-Mn-Te iaia?.

2. Aeine?aeaeaiiy niaoeeo?ee ai?oaen?eiiai ae?iuoaaiiy (Hg,Mn)Te aoei
i?iaaaeaii o aeaio aniaeoao. Ii-ia?oa, ?icaeyiooi iiaeeeaee aieea ia
oa?aeoa? e?enoae?caoe?? niieoee i?oaei?o iai?oa, ui aeieeathoue a
ai?oaen?eiiio oa?? aiane?aeie iaa?aeiia?aeiino? ia?aiao??a e?enoae?/ii?
a?aoee i?aeeeaaeee oa oaa?aeiai ?ic/eio a eiai ??aiiaaaeiiio noai?.
Ii-ae?oaa, aea/aii aeeaae ia?ao?aeiiai oa?o, ui oi?io?oueny i?ae
i?aeeeaaeeith oa ie?aeith aiane?aeie aca?iiaeeooc?? eiiiiiaio, a
?ioaa?aeuei? aeaeo?io?ce/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee ie?aie.

A ia?oiio aniaeo? oa?aeoa? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo aeicaiey?
i?eionoeoe, ui i?e ae?iuoaaii? niieoee ia aeeeaoaoe?eii iaocaiaeaeai?e
i?aeeeaaeoe? CdTe /e Cd0.96Zn0.04Te ie c?ooiaoo?iiny c aoaeoii
noaa?e?caoe?? neeaaeo oaa?aei? oace, yeee iiaea iaoe i?noea, eiee
i?oaei? iai?oae a ai?oaen?aeueiiio oa?? caa??aathoueny ia i?ioyc?
ae?iuoaaiiy. Nooue aoaeoo iieyaa? o oiio, ui, eiee o ??aiiaac? ia?aiao?
e?enoae?/ii? a?aoee i?aeeeaaeee a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae ia?aiao?o a?aoee
oaa?aeiai ?ic/eio, i?e eiai ai?oaen?aeueiiio ae?iuoaaii? noai an???
ie?aee aeyaey?oueny iai?oaeaiei. Aia?a?y i?oaeiuei? aca?iiae?? aaeeoeaii
aoiaeeoue aei noeoiii? aia?a?? e?enoaeo, a a?aeiini? eiioeaio?aoe??
eiiiiiaio oaa?aeiai ?ic/eio ci?uothoueny a a?e ?? ciaioaiiy.

Ii aiaeia?? c oaa?aeei ?ic/eiii (Hg,Cd)Te, i?ae /an aiae?co oiia oaciai?
??aiiaaae o?ueioeiiiiiaioiee ?ic/ei (Hg1-uMnu)1-vTev iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe
ye aca?iiee ?ic/ei aeaio a?ia?ieo noao?iiao?e/ieo niieoe HgTe oa MnTe ?c
no?oeoo?ith noaea?eoo. Ca aaee/eio, yea oa?aeoa?eco? aeeaae i?oaei?o
iai?oa iiaeia acyoe ia?oe?aeueio aaee/eio aia?a?? i?oaeiuei? aca?iiae??,
ui aecia/a? ciaioaiiy i?oaeiuei? aia?a?? ie?aee i?e c?inoaii? a?aeiinii?
eiioeaio?aoe?? niieoee HgTe. Eiee e?enoae, ui ae?iuo?oueny ia CdTe,
ae?enii ciaoiaeeoueny o noai? iaoanoaa?eueii? ??aiiaaae, ciaeoe ??
iiaeia, yeui ni?anoaaeoe ia?oe?aeueio aia?a?th A?aana oaeo?o oa ?ooo?
aeey ??aeei? oace c o?i?/iei iioaioe?aeii niieoee HgTe o a?eueiiio
oaa?aeiio ?ic/ei?. Oaeei /eiii, aenoiooa aeua i?eiouaiiy iiaeia
ia?aa??eoe, i?aenoaaeyth/e aeai?, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue oiiae ae?iuoaaiiy
ai?oaen?eieo ie?aie (Hg,Mn)Te a?aeiiiai neeaaeo, a ??aiyiiy oaciai?
??aiiaaae aeey nenoaie Hg-Mn-Te.

C iaoith aeeeth/aiiy iioeaie, ye? iiaeooue aooe iia’ycai? c
aeei?enoaiiyi iiaeae? iiai?noth anioe?eiaaiiai ?ic/eio, a?aeiia?aeiee
aiae?c aoei cae?eniaii o iaaeeaeaii? iaeeo eiioeaio?aoe?e ia?aaioeth a
??aeei?, ui aeicaiey? ?ic?aooaaoe aeoeaiino? iniiaieo eiiiiiaio?a
??aeei? oace o?eueee ii iaaaaeaiei a e?oa?aoo?? oa?iiaeeiai?/iei
ia?aiao?ai a?ia?ii? nenoaie Hg-Te, ciaeaeaiei o iaaeeaeaii? /anoeiai
anioe?eiaaiiai ?ic/eio [1]. Aeai?, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue oiiae ae?iuoaaiiy
ai?oaen?eieo ie?aie (Hg,Mn)Te a?aeiiiai neeaaeo, aoei acyoi c ?iaioe
[2].

Aeoiaey/e ?c ?acoeueoao?a aiae?co, ie ia ciaoiaeeii i?aenoaa eacaoe i?i
iii?oiee aieea i?oaei?o iai?oa a ai?oaen?eiiio oa?? ia neeaae oaa?aeiai
?ic/eio. C ?ic?aooie?a aeoiaeeoue, ui aeey oeo i???ioiaieo cia/aiue
eiao?oe??io?a i?oaeiino?, ye? iiaeia aecia/eoe oeyoii aeno?aiieyoe??
ciaeaeaieo a e?oa?aoo?? oaiia?aoo?ieo caeaaeiinoae, ??cieoey i?ae
oaiia?aoo?ith e?ea?aeona oa oaiia?aoo?ith iaoanoaa?eueii? ??aiiaaae
iaaaaaoi iaioa a?ae noaiaea?oieo ia?aioieiaeaeaiue ?icieaao ia 5-7o, ui
?o aeei?enoiaothoue c iaoith noai?aiiy oiia aeey oi?ioaaiiy ca?iaee?a
oaa?aei? oace ia iiaa?oi? i?aeeeaaeee. I?eeiyaoe oea, aeei?enoai? aeai?
[2] aeey ia??aiiaaaeieo ai?oaen?eieo no?oeoo? iiaeia aeei?enoaoe ua ?ac
— aeey ?ic?aooieo ae?enieo oaiia?aoo? e?ea?aeono nenoaie. Aeyaeeinue, ui
io?eiai? oaeei /eiii oaiia?aoo?e aeineoue aeia?a a?aeiia?aeathoue
aenia?eiaioaeueiei oaiia?aoo?ai e?ea?aeono Hg-Mn-Te, ciaeaeaiei a [2] ca
aeiiiiiaith a?coaeueii-oa?i?/iiai aiae?co. ? oea ia aeiaaeeia?noue. Ia
ii/aoeo iaoiai aiae?co iaeiei c iac?icoi?eeo oaeo?a aoei oi?ioaaiiy
/ioe?ueioeiiiiiaioii? niieoee (Hg,Cd,Mn)Te i?e ae?iuoaaii?
o?ueioeiiiiiaioiiai (ye i/?eoaaeiny) ?ic/eio ia i?aeeeaaeoe?
Cd0.96Zn0.04Te. A a?aeiia?aei?e ?iaio? [3] oi?ioaaiiy
/ioe?ueioeiiiiiaioii? niieoee iiynithaaeinue aca?iiith aeeooc??th
eiiiiiaio. Oea iiyniaiiy ia ? aeo/iei, ine?eueee aeiey Cd a io?eiaieo
ie?aeao aoea iaeaea iino?eiith, oiae? ye aeeooc?y iiaeiia i?ecaiaeeoe
aei ieaaiiai ?iciiae?eo eiiiiiaio, ye oea ae?enii ia? i?noea a
e?enoaeao, ae?iuaieo ?c ia?iai? oace [4]. Ai?iaiaaiee ia aeaieo [2],
?ic?aooiie e?ea?aeono o iaaeeaeaii? iaeeo eiioeaio?aoe?e ia?aaioeth a
??aeei? aeicaiey? ciaeoe ?ioa iiyniaiiy oaeoo. Nie?ath/enue ia neeaae
io?eiaieo a [3] ie?aie, ie anoaiiaeee, ui caaeai? a [3] oaiia?aoo?e
ii/aoeo ae?iuoaaiiy aoee a?eueoeie ca a?aeiia?aei? oaiia?aoo?e
e?ea?aeono nenoaie. Ioaea, iayai?noue a aeine?aeaeaieo a [3] ie?aeao
cia/ii? aeie? ??aiii??ii ?iciiae?eaiiai eaaei?th iiaeia iiynieoe
i?aeo?aaeaiiyi i?aeeeaaeee (Cd,Zn)Te, ui ? a?eueo ae?ia?aeiei, i?ae
oi?ioaaiiy ??aiii??iiai ?iciiae?eo Cd aiane?aeie aca?iiaeeooc??. Oaeei
/eiii, iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo oiia oaciai? ??aiiaaae o iaaeeaeaii? iaeeo
eiioeaio?aoe?e ia?aaioeth ? aaeaeaaoiith, a eiee ? iaai? oaiia?aoo?e
e?ea?aeono, iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia o cai?ioiueiio iai?yieo, oiaoi aeey
?ic?aooieo ?cieiioeaio?ao nie?aeono o?ueioeiiiiiaioii? nenoaie.
Ae?aa?aio noaio Hg-Mn-Te, caoaeiaaio ca aeiiiiiaith oaeiai
iai?aaii??e/iiai iaoiaeo, iaaaaeaii ia ?en.1.

Aeey aena?oeaiiy ?ie? aca?iiaeeooc?? iaie aoee aeine?aeaeai? c?acee
(Hg,Mn)Te, ae?iuai? iaoiaeii ??aeeiii-oaciai? ai?oaen?? ia i?aeeeaaeeao
Cd0.96Zn0.04Te oa a?aeiaeai? o iane/ai?e ia?? Hg i?e oaiia?aoo?? 250oC.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui oaiia?aoo?i? caeaaeiino? eiioeaio?aoe?? a?eueieo iin??a
oa ?o ?ooeeaino? a io?eiaieo c?aceao n-oeio a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae
caeaaeiinoae, ye? aoee ciaeaeai? aeey oeo aea c?ace?a i?ney aeaeaeaiiy
aa?eciiiiai oa?o. Iayai?noue aeiaeaoeiaeo aeaeo?iiieo noai?a a
aa?eciiiiio oa?? i?ecaiaeeoue aei oiai, ui i?e oaiia?aoo?? T>70K
eiioeaio?aoe?y iin??a (n) ? aeuith, a ?o ?ooeea?noue () — a?eueoith,
i?ae aeey c?ace?a aac aa?eciiiiai oa?o, ye? iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye
“ia’?ii?”.

A ia’?iieo e?enoaeao aaeaeaaoiei iaoiaeii ?ic?aooieo ?ooeeaino? ? iaoiae
caniiaaiee ia aecia/aii? oaiia?aoo?ii? caeaaeiino? oe?eie caai?iiaii?
ciie Eg(T) aeoiaey/e c aei???a n(T) aeey eiaeiiai e?enoaeo. Ine?eueee
n(T) ci?ith?oueny, a i?enooiino? aa?eciiiiai oa?o oeae iaoiae, acaaae?
eaaeo/e, ia i?aoeth?. Ao?i, i?e oaiia?aoo?ao T<70K ?nio? iiaeeea?noue oi?iaeueiiai ocaiaeaeaiiy ?ic?aoiaaieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo cia/aiue ?ooeeaino? oeyoii i?aeaiiee noia?ii? eiioeaio?aoe?? aeiii??a oa aeoeaioi??a. Iaeiae iioeaea o aecia/aii? Eg i?ecaiaeeoue aei oiai, ui oey eiioeaio?aoe?y aeyaey?oueny ia 25% iaioith, i?ae ?aaeueia eiioeaio?aoe?y ?ii?ciaaieo oi/eiaeo aeaoaeo?a, ?ic?aoiaaia aeey c?ace?a i?ney aeaeaeaiiy aa?eciiiiai oa?o. A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? iaaiai?th?oueny aeaoaeoia no?oeoo?a Hg0.8Cd0.2Te, ui ciaoiaeeoueny o ??aiiaac? c ia?ith eiiiiiaio. A ia?oiio ia?aa?ao? ?icaeyiooi iniiai? iaaeeaeaiiy, iia’ycai? c ?ioa?i?aoaoe??th aeaieo, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue noai e?enoaeo o ??aiiaac? c ia?ith, a oaeiae iniiai? ?aea? oa iaoiaee eaac?o?i?/ii? oai??? aeaoaeo?a o oaa?aeeo ?ic/eiao. A ae?oaiio ia?aa?ao? iiaeaii aaciao iiaeaeue aeaoaeoii? no?oeoo?e Hg0.8Cd0.2Te, ui iiynith? a?aeiio caeaaei?noue eiioeaio?aoe?? aeoeaioi??a o a?aeiaeaieo c?aceao p-oeio a?ae oiia a?aeiaeo. Iniiaieie oi/eiaeie aeaoaeoaie aeciaii aeaie?aoii ?ii?ciaai? aaeain?? o i?aea?aooe? iaoaeo, iiaea?eia eiioeaio?aoe?y yeeo ioioiaeith?oueny ?c eiioeaio?aoe??th iin??a o caaa?oiaaieo c?aceao p-oeio, h77 , ui aei??th?oueny i?e acioieo oaiia?aoo?ao. wmetafile8? ??b$???`??????? ??????? E*2??? &?a???? U®???ue???????????-?????u?????????????-?????-???/?????? ?????????????????????????AAA?AUeA?¦E??yu??  ¤?????y????y??yy????y?y?y??y y?yyy????4????5????u1????????en.1 Ae?aa?aia noaio nenoaie Hg-Mn-Te a oaeo?iaiio eoo?. Ai?eciioaeuei? e?ea? - ?cieiioeaio?aoe e?ea?aeono aeey aoiiii? aeie? Te o ??aee?e oac? y = 0.5, 0.6, 0.65, 0.7, 0.75 oa 0.8. Aa?oeeaeuei? e?ea? - ?cieiioeaio?aoe nie?aeono aeey aoiiii? aeie? Mn o i?aea?aooe? iaoaeo z = 0.04, 0.08, 0.12 oa 0.16. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? (ca?aeii c e?oa?aoo?ith): y=0.5 - aeeoa?aioe?aeueii-oa?i?/iee aiae?c; y=0.60.8 - a?coaeueii-oa?i?/iee aiae?c. O?anoaie a?aei?/ai? i/?eoaai? oaiia?aoo?e e?ea?aeono, ?ic?aoiaai? iaie ii aeaiei uiaei neeaaeo ?i?oaen?eieo ie?aie (Hg,Mn)Te/CdTe (aeea. oaeno). O?ao?e ia?aa?ao i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi naiiaeeooc?? eiiiiiaio, a ia?oo /a?ao ?ooo?, a Hg0.8Cd0.2Te. Canaaeith aeey ni?anoaaeaiiy aeaieo naiiaeeooc?? c ?acoeueoaoaie aeaeo?io?ce/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ? oie oaeo, ui, eiee aeeooc?y i?/aieo aoii?a a?aeaoaa?oueny ?c caeo/aiiyi iaaiiai oeio oi/eiaeo aeaoaeo?a, eiao?oe?aio naiiaeeooc?? i?iii?oe?eiee eiioeaio?aoe?? aeaoaeo?a ia?aiiai oeio. O aeiaaeeo, eiee a ia?aiin? i?eeiathoue o/anoue ??ci? aeaoaeoe, aaaaeathoue, ui i?ioean oaeiae iieno?oueny caeiiii O?ea, ?c noeoiiei eiao?oe??ioii naiiaeeooc?? Dself, ui ? noiith eiao?oe??io?a aeeooc?? ii ie?aiei aeaoaeoai. Aenia?eiaioe ii naiiaeeooc?? noaaeyoue a oiiaao, aeecueeeo aei ??aiiaaae. Ioaea, eiee aei??e eiioeaio?aoe?? aeoeaioi??a o a?aeiaeaieo e?enoaeao ae?enii aeathoue eiioeaio?aoe?th aeanieo oi/eiaeo aeaoaeo?a a ??aiiaac? c ia?ith, caeaaeiino? h77 oa Dself a?ae oeneo ia?e iiaeii? ocaiaeaeoaaoenue - i?eiaeii?, o a?aeiioaii? iio??aiiai a ?aieao eaaceo?i?/ii? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? i?eaeeciiai aeaeyaeo ??aiyiiy aeaeo?iiaeo?aeueiino? i?e oaiia?aoo?? a?aeiaeo. A ae?eniino?, ocaiaeaeaiiy caeaaeiinoae h77 oa Dself a?ae oeneo oa oaiia?aoo?e ? oneeaaeiaiei. Ii ia?oa, ine?eueee i?io?eue ?iciiae?eo a Hg0.8Cd0.2Te oaeeo aeaiaio?a ye Hg203 /e Cd109 cae/aeii ia? neeaaeiee aeaeyae, ?nio? aeineoue ?ica?aeiinoae noiniaii oiai, ui naia o?aaa aaaaeaoe ca eiao?oe??io naiiaeeooc??, iia’ycaiee c eeane/iith aeeooc??th ?c caeo/aiiyi oi/eiaeo aeaoaeo?a. A i?ino?oiio aeiaaeeo, eiee oaeo eeane/ii? aeeooc?? ?c iaiaiaaeaiiai aeaea?aea ia aeeeeea? noii?ao, eiao?oe??io naiiaeeooc?? ciaoiaeyoue oeyoii ai?ieneiaoe?? aenia?eiaioaeueii aecia/aiiai i?io?eth ?iciiae?eo i?/aieo aoii?a erfc-ooieoe??th. Aeey iiyniaiiy neeaaeiiai i?io?eth aaiaeyoue oyao i?i aea? - oaeaeeo oa iia?eueio,- neeaaeia? aeeooc?eiiai iioieo, iiaeyaee ia i?e?iaeo oa iien yeeo ?ica?aathoueny. Ii-ae?oaa, oi/a aeai? aeaeo?io?ce/iiai aeine?aeaiiy a?aeiaeaieo c?ace?a, io?eiai? ??cieie aeine?aeieeaie, aeineoue aeia?a ocaiaeaeothoueny i?ae niaith, i?ae iaaaaeaieie a e?oa?aoo?? aeaieie naiiaeeooc?? ?nio? cia/iee ?ica?a - ye o a?aeiioaii? oaiia?aoo?ii? caeaaeiino? eiao?oe??io?a naiiaeeooc?? (aecia/aieo a iaeei niin?a), oae ? o a?aeiioaii? ?o caeaaeiino? a?ae oeneo ia?e. A ia?aa?ao? ?icaeyiooi ??ci? i?aeoiaee aei ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? neeaaeiiai i?io?eth ?iciiae?eo Hg203 a Hg0.8Cd0.2Te, i?aee??ieai? ?acoeueoaoaie niaoe?aeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue /e iiaeeea?noth ocaiaeaeaiiy caeaaeiinoae h77 oa Dself a?ae oiia i?ioeano. *aoaa?oee ?icae?e i?noeoue o nia? aiae?c aeaieo iaiiaiiai a?aeiaeo Hg0.8Cd0.2Te a iane/ai?e ia?? ?ooo?. sse caaaeueiee o o?ce/iiio a?aeiioaii? aeiaaeie, ?icaeyiooi e?iaoeeo iecueeioaiia?aoo?iiai a?aeiaeo Hg0.8Cd0.2Te c aaeeeith (1017 - 1018 ni-3) eiioeaio?aoe??th aaeain?e, oa?aeoa?iith aeey e?enoae?a, ae?iuaieo ?c caaaa/aiiai Te ?ic/eio eiiiiiaio. Aiane?aeie ?ao?ia?aaeiiai oa?aeoa?o nie?aeono a nenoai? Hg-Cd-Te, iaoai?ci oaeiai a?aeiaeo ? ii?aeiaiiyi aeaio naiino?eieo i?ioean?a. Ii ia?oa, oea eiiaeainaoe?y aeaoaeo?a c ooai?aiiyi aeeth/aiue (i?aoeei?oao?a) oaeo?o a e?enoae?/i?e a?aooe?. Ii-ae?oaa, noie aaeain?e ia iiaa?oith, aea aiie eiiiainothoueny aoiiaie Hg c ia?iai? oace. I?aoeei?oaoe?y oaeo?o ii/eia?oueny i?e ioieiaeaeai? iai?ai?ia?aeieea a?ae oaiia?aoo?e ae?iuoaaiiy ? ? aeeooc?eii-iaiaaeaiei i?ioeanii. Aaaii? aeai? uiaei ?ici??o oa ?ici?uaiiy i?aoeei?oao?a iaaeai? a ?iaioao [5,6]. Iniaeea?noth e?enoae?a, aeine?aeaeaieo a [6] aoea iayai?noue aaeeei? e?eueeino? (iiiaae 1014 ni-3) iaaeiaeeo aeeth/aiue, ui na?ae/eoue i?i iaeee eiao?oe??io aeeooc?? aaeain?e, aaee/eio yeiai (c aeei?enoaiiyi aeaieo [6]) aoei aecia/aii a [7]. Ciaeueiaaia ea?oeia i?eoiaeeoue o i?ioe??//y c aeaieie [5], aea aeey e?enoae?a, oaeaeei ioieiaeaeaieo a?ae oaiia?aoo?e 450-650OC aoei ciaeaeaii: a) ooai?aiiy a?aeiinii aaeeeeo (0.2 iei) i?aoeei?oao?a; a) ooai?aiiy oe?ieeo (aei 100 iei) a?eueieo a?ae i?aoeei?oao?a cii iaae?oa i?enooi?o a e?enoaeao iaeiaoaeiaeo iaae, ye? ? i?noeyie iaea?eueo eaaeiai ooai?aiiy ca?iaee?a iiai? oace. Aeey ocaiaeaeaiiy aeaieo [5,6] ne?ae i?eionoeoe, ui ooai?aiiy aaeeeeo i?aoeei?oao?a iiaea aooe iane?aeeii eiaaoeyoe?? iaeeo, ui a?aeiia?aea? i?eiouaiith, c?iaeaiiio a [8] aeoiaey/? c aiae?co oaeaeeino? ciaioaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? aeoeaioi??a a e?enoaeao, i?aeaeaieo iecueeioaiia?aoo?iiio a?aeiaeo. Ao?i, oea i?eiouaiiy ia aeiiiiiaea a ?ioiio aniaeo?, ui iia’ycaiee ?c noieii aaeain?e ia iiaa?oith. sse ? noie ia iaaeo iiiie?enoae?/ieo aeie?a, noie aaeain?e ia iiaa?oith i?ecaiaeeoue aei oi?ioaaiiy oa?aeoa?iiai i?io?eth ?iciiae?eo aeanieo aeaoaeo?a. Caaaeueiith ?enith iaiiaiiai a?aeiaeo ia eaaiaaieo iaaienii c?ace?a p-oeio ? aeieeiaiiy p-n-ia?aoiaeo a i?eiiaa?oiaaiio oa?? e?enoaeo, yea niinoa??aa?oueny, eiee eiioeaio?aoe?y aaeain?e ia iiaa?oi? noa? iaioith ca eiioeaio?aoe?th iaeiio?ieueiaaieo aeii?oie, cae/aeii aeiii?ieo. Aeeaeia caeyaaiiy p-n-ia?aoiaeo, xj , ? cia/ii a?eueoith ca oo, ui ?? iiaea caaacia/eoe aeeooc?y ii aaeain?yi c eiao?oe??ioii aeeooc??, aecia/aiei a [7]. Aeieea? ieoaiiy: /e ? oi?ioaaiiy oaeiai p-n-ia?aoiaeo aeeooc?eiei i?ioeanii? Oae, ? ia?oee oaeo, yeee oea i?aeoaa?aeaeo? - i?iii?oe?ei?noue i?ae xj2 oa t, aea t - /an a?aeiaeo. Aeey aeaoaeueii? a?aeiia?ae? ia oea ieoaiiy, ye ? aeey ?aeeiiai iieno aeeooc?eieo i?ioean?a a iai?ai?ia?aeieeo o?aaa ciaeoe a?aeiia?aei?noue i?ae a?aeiioaiiyi xj2/t (ui oa?aeoa?eco? i?io?eue ?iciiae?eo aaeain?e ? ? “eiao?oe??ioii o?i?/ii? aeeooc??” aeaoaeo?a) oa eiaoo?oe??ioii aeeooc?? aaeain?e oa/aai eiiieaeniith aaee/eiith Dikf (oa?aeoa?eco? aeeooc?th i?aeaoceiaeo aoii?a; Di - eiao?oe??io aeeooc??, kf - eiinoaioa O?aieaey), ui ?o ciaeaeaii ?c ni?anoaaeaiiy aeaieo naiiaeeooc?? c eiioeaio?aoe?yie aaeain?e, anoaiiaeaieie ii ?acoeueoaoai aeaeo?io?ce/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue caaa?oiaaieo c?ace?a. *e ? oaea a?aeiia?aei?noue? Ia?oa, ui iaiao?aeii aeey a?aeiia?ae? - a?ae?a?aoe eiao?oe??ioe naiiaeeooc??, iia’ycai? c oeie ae aeaoaeoaie, aeeooc?y yeeo i?ecaiaeeoue aei oi?ioaaiiy p-n-ia?aoiaeo. Ine?eueee ?iciiaa ?aea ca aeaoaeoe o i?aea?aooe? iaoaeo, a aeeaaeii eaaei?th ie, ye cae/aeii, iaooo?ii, ?icaeyiooi aeai? uiaei naiiaeeooc?? ?ooo?. sse aaea a?aecia/aeinue, i?io?eue ?iciiae?eo Hg203 a Hg0.8Cd0.2Te ia? neeaaeiee aeaeyae, aeey iiyniaiiy yeiai aaiaeyoue oyao i?i aea? - oaeaeeo oa iia?eueio,- neeaaeia? aeeooc?eiiai iioieo. C oi/ee ci?o ?o ooai?aiiy, “eeane/iee” oa?aeoa? iiaea iaoe iia?eueia neeaaeiaa iioieo [9], aea a?aeiia?aeiee eiao?oe??io naiiaeeooc?? ciaeaeaii iacaeaaeiei a?ae oeneo ia?e (aai, ?iaeoa, eiioeaio?aoe?? aaeain?e), ? oiio aeei?enoaoe eiai aeey iieno oiai ia?aiino, yeee ?i?oe?eiaaii naia a?aae??ioii eiioeaio?aoe?? aaeain?e, ia iiaeia. Caaaeath/e ia iio??aio caeaaei?noue a?ae oeneo ia?e, aeey ni?anoaaeaiiy aoei acyoi eiao?oe??ioe oaeaeei? neeaaeiai? naiiaeeooc??, ui ?o aaiaeyoue i?e ai??i?i?e ai?ieneiaoe?? i?io?eth aeaiia erfc - ooieoe?yie. C ?ioiai aieo, aeey e?euee?niiai ni?anoaaeaiiy iaiao?aeia iiaeaeue a?aeiaeo, a ?aieao yei? a?aoiao?oueny (aai iaa?oioiaaii a?aeeeaea?oueny) iiaeeeaee aieea ia oaeaee?noue cnoao p-n-ia?aoiaeo i?ioean?a ooai?aiiy oa ?ic/eiaiiy i?aoeei?oao?a Te. sse iaea?eueo aaeaeo, aeey naiai aiae?co ie a?aeae?a?ii iiaeaeue Schaake et al. [10], caniiaaio ia i?eiouaii? uiaei ?nioaaiiy /?oei? iaae? ?iciiae?eo i?ae a?aeiaeaiei oa iaa?aeiaeaiei oa?aie iai?ai?ia?aeieea. A ?aieao oe??? iiaeae?, iino?eiith aeey eiaeii? oaiia?aoo?e aaee/eiith - “ia?aiao?ii a?aeiaeo” - ? a?aeiioaiiy (xj2/t)VHT , aea VHT - aeiey iaaei??iiai oaeo?o a ia’?i? c?acea. I?e a?aeiae? e?enoae?a, ae?iuaieo /e i?eaaaeaieo aei ??aiiaaae c ia?ith i?e aenie?e oaiia?aoo??, VHT - oea eiioeaio?aoe?y aaeain?e a oiiaao o??? ??aiiaaae, a?aeianaia aei eiioeaio?aoe?? aoii?a a iai?ai?ia?aeieeo i?e oaiia?aoo?? a?aeiaeo (1.21022 ni-3). A iaaeeaeaiiyo [10] a?aeiioaiiy (xj2/t)VHT ae?aaea?oueny /a?ac eiao?oe??ioe naiiaeeooc?? ?ooo? ia ?oooi?e oa oaeo?ia?e iaae? iaeano? aiiiaaiiino? (ui ? ooieoe??th eeoa oaiia?aoo?e) oa a?aeiioaiiy VHg/Nd , aea VHg - eiioeaio?aoe?y aaeain?e ia iiaa?oi? c?acea, Nd - eiioeaio?aoe?y aeii?oie. A iao?e ?iaio? cia/aiiy VHg ciaoiaeeeinue c aeno?aiieyoe?? a?aeiii? oaiia?aoo?ii? caeaaeiino? oe??? aaee/eie. Ni?anoaaeaiiy ?ic?aoiaaiiai iaie ia?aiao?o a?aeiaeo c aenia?eiaioaeueieie aaee/eiaie aeyaey? aeia?a ocaiaeaeaiiy aeey oaiia?aoo? a?aeiaeo T>270OC oa na?ae/eoue i?i ci?oaiee
aaeain?eii-i?aeaoceiaee oa?aeoa? aeeooc??. A ?aieao iiaeae?, ci?oaiee
oa?aeoa? aeeooc?? ?icaeyaea?oueny ye oaeee, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei ieaaiiai
i?io?eth ?iciiae?eo aaeain?e a iaaeao a?aeiaeaiiai oa?o. Oea aeiaie?
ocaiaeaeo?oueny c oaeoii caeaaeiino? xj a?ae eiioeaio?aoe?? aeii?oie Nd
. A oie aea /an, ?yae neeueieo oaeo?a na?ae/eoue i?i /enoi i?aeaoceiao
aeeooc?th, cie?aia a iaeano? iecueeeo oaiia?aoo? Ii-ia?oa, i?i oea
na?ae/eoue /enoi aeniiiaioe?eiee oa?aeoa? ?enia?eiaioaeueii? caeaaeiino?
xj2/t a?ae 1/T. Ii-ae?oaa, /?oea i?iii?oe?einoue xj2 oa t iiaea
niinoa??aaoenue i?e oiia?, ui eiioeaio?aoe?y aaeain?e a iaa?aeiaeaiiio
oa?? (VO) ? iino?eiith. Ni?anoaaeaiiy aeaieo uiaei xj2/t c aeaieie uiaei
oaeaeeino? i?aoeei?oaoe?? aeiaiaeeoue, ui a caaaeueiiio aeiaaeeo
a?aeiinia oaeaee?noue i?aoeei?oaoe?? (ui aecia/a?oueny ?iciiae?eii
aeeth/aiue Te) ia ? aaeeeith aai iaeith iano?eueee, uia ci?iith VO ia
i?ioyc? a?aeiaeo iiaeia aoei ciaoooaaoe. ?aeeiee aeiaaeie, eiee oea
oaa?aei iiaeia c?iaeoe — eiee ciaoooaaoe iiaeia an??th VO, ui iiaea aooe
i?e i?aeaoceia?e aeeooc??. Oa?aeoa?iei aeey i?aeaoceiai? aeeooc?? ?
??ceee, iaeaea nooi?i/aoee i?io?eue ?iciiae?eo aaeain?e, ui oaeiae
aaciina?aaeiuei aeieeaa? c aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo [11]. Ii?yae c
oeeie oaeoaie, caeaaei?noue xj a?ae Nd aeaeyaea? iac?icoi?eith. Ioaea,
iiaia a?aeiia?aei?noue iaeia iaeiiio aeeooc?eieo aeaieo ??cii? i?e?iaee
anoaiiaeaia iaie ia aoea. Caaaeath/e ia i?ioe??//y o i?eioeeiiaeo
oaeoao, i?e/eio oeueiai ie aaa/a?ii a iaaaeaeaaoiino? oeo
ooiaeaiaioaeueieo iaaeeaeaiue, a yeeo ca o?aaeeoe??th i?iaiaeeoueny iien
aeeooc?eiiai i?ioeano.

Aeniiaee:

1. Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?oaei? iai?oae a ai?oaen?eiiio oa?? ia iiaeooue
i?ecaanoe aei nooo?aiai a?aeoeeaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? ia?aaioeth a c?aceao
(Hg,Mn)Te, ye? ae?iuai? ia aeeeaoaoe?eii iaocaiaeaeai?e i?aeeeaaeoe?
(Cd,Zn)Te, a?ae i/?eoaaii? ?c ?aaiiaaaeii? ae?aa?aie noaio. Aeyaeaia
?icoiaeaeaiiy i?ae ae?enieie cia/aiiyie eiioeaio?aoe?? ia?aaioeth a
oaa?aeiio ?ic/ei? oa ?? oai?aoe/ieie ioe?ieaie ? iane?aeeii
iaaeinoaoiuei aaeaeaaoiiai iieno oaciai? ??aiiaaae o iaaeeaeaii?
iiai?noth anioe?eiaaiiai ?ic/eio aeey ??aeei? oace.

2. Anoaiiaeaii, ui nie?aeon o?ueioeiiiiiaioii? nenoaie Hg-Mn-Te c
aeinoaoiueith oi/i?noth iiaea aooe ?ic?aoiaaiee o iaaeeaeaii? iaeeo
eiioeaio?aoe?e ia?aaioeth ii aenia?eiaioaeueiei oaiia?aoo?ai e?ea?aeona
oa oa?iiae?iai?/iei ia?aiao?ai nenoaie Hg-Te, io?eiaiei o iaaeeaeaii?
/anoeiai anioe?eiaaiiai ?ic/eio aeey ??aeei? oace a?ia?ii? nenoaie.

3. Anoaiiaeaii, ui iayai?noue ia?ao?aeiiai oa?o i?ae i?aeeeaaeeith oa
ie?aeith, ui oi?io?oueny i?e ae?iuoaaii? (Hg,Mn)Te/Cd0.96Zn0.04Te ?c
??aeei? oace aiane?aeie aca?iiaeeooc?? eiiiiiaio, i?ecaiaeeoue aei
ca?eueoaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? a?eueieo iin??a oa ciaioaiiy ?o ?ooeeaino? o
a?aeiaeaieo ie?aeao i?e oaiia?aoo?? aei??thaaiiy T>70K, ui iaiao?aeii
a?aoiaoaaoe i?ae /an aiae?co ?acoeueoao?a aeaeo?io?ce/iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy c?ace?a.

4. Anoaiiaeaii, ui a iaaeao ?nioth/eo oyaeaiue uiaei aeeooc?? aeanieo
oi/eiaeo aeaoaeo?a a aocueeiu?eeiiiio iai?ai?ia?aeieeo Hg0.8Cd0.2Te
aaeaeaaoiee iien eiiieaeno aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo uiaei naiiaeeooc??
a iueiio ?ooo? oa eaaei?th, i?aoeei?oaoe?? aeanieo aeaoaeo?a oa e?iaoeee
eiai iecueeioaiia?aoo?iiai a?aeiaeo ? iaiiaeeeaei. I?eioeeiia?
i?ioe??//y aeieeathoue i?ae a) aeaieie naiiaeeooc?? oa ?acoeueoaoaie
aeaeo?io?ce/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy caaa?oiaaieo c?ace?a Hg0.8Cd0.2Te
p-oeio; a) aeaieie uiaei u?eueiino? oa ?iciiae?eo i?aoeei?oao?a a
iaoa??aeao iaeiiai neeaaeo, io?eiaieo a ??ciee niin?a; a) oaeoaie, ui
na?ae/aoue i?i i?aeaoceiaee oa ci?oaiee aaeain?eii-i?aeaoceiaee oa?aeoa?
aeeooc?? a i?eiiaa?oiaaiio oa?? Hg0.8Cd0.2Te i?e eiai a?aeiae? o
iane/ai?e ia?? ?ooo?. Iiaeieaiiy ciaeaeaieo i?ioe??/ iio?aao? ia?aaeyaeo
oeo ooiaeaiaioaeueieo iaaeeaeaiue, a yeeo ca o?aaeeoe??th i?iaiaeeoueny
iien aeeooc?eiiai i?ioeano.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeeeaaeai? o ianooiieo
ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. A?ey?a A.?., Aioonaae/ N.A., Eiii?aiei N.I., Eaaa?oeaa N.A., AEiaii?
A.I., ?aoeiaaoeueeee E.A. Aieea Cd ia aeaeo?ioice/ii aeanoeainoi
aiioaenieieo oa?ia HgMnTe/Cd0.96Zn0.04Te // OOAE. — 1996. — O.41,N4. —
N.478-481.

2. Aaeaoia A.A., Aaeyaa A.A., Aeoonaae/ N.A., Eaaa?oeaa N.A., Eiie?aiei
N.I. Iniaaiiinoe yaeaiee ia?aiina a yieoaeneaeueiuo ieaieao
n-HgxMn1-xTe/Cd0.96Zn0.04Te // OOI. — 1997. — O.31,?3. — N.268-272.

3. Eaaa?oeaa N.A., Aaeyaa A.A. Aeeyiea oi?oaeo iai?yaeaiee ia oa?aeoa?
yieoaeneaeueiie e?enoaeeecaoeee (Hg,Mn)Te // OOI. — 1997. — O.31,?3. —
N.342-346.

4. Kavertsev S.V., Komirenko S.M., Belyaev A.E., Rashkovetskii L.V. The
thermodynamic aspects of manufacturing of (Hg,Mn)Te/CdTe structures //
International Conference on Material Science and Material Properties for
Infrared Optoelectronics, F.F.Sizov,V.V.Tetyorkin Editors, Proc.SPIE. —
1997.- V.3182. — P.396-399.

5. Belyaev A.E., Ivanov V.Yu., Komirenko S.M., Kavertsev S.V., Mischenko
L.A.. Peculiarities of radiative recombination in Vanadium-doped CdTe
crystals // International Conference on Material Science and Material
Properties for Infrared Optoelectronics, F.F.Sizov, V.V.Tetyorkin
Editors, Proc. SPIE. — 1997. — V.3182. — P.262-265.

6. Aaeyaa A.A., Eaaa?oeaa N.A. ?an/ao nieeaeona o?aoeiiiiiaioiie nenoaiu
Hg-Mn-Te a i?eaeeaeaiee /anoe/iie annioeeaoeee a aeeaeeie oaca //
Iieoi?iaaeieee-97. Oacenu aeieeaaeia III Ana?inneeneie eiioa?aioeee ii
oeceea iieoi?iaiaeieeia. -1997. — Iineaa:Ecae.OEAI. — N.288.

7. AEiaie? A.E. , Eaaa?oeaa N.A., ?aoeiaaoeeee E.A. Aeeoooceiiiay
iiaeaeue ioaeeaa nianoaaiiuo oi/a/iuo aeaoaeoia a Hg0.8Cd0.2Te //
Iaoa?iaeiciaanoai i oiceea iaiiai?iaiaeieeiaeo oac ciiiiiai neeaaeo.
Oace aeiiiaiaeae II Oe?aiinueeii eiioa?aioei?.-*.1. — Iiaeei: IAeI? ?i.
I.A.Aiaiey. — 1993. — N.17-19.

Oeeoiaaia e?oa?aoo?a:

1. T.Tung, C.-H.Su, P.-K.Liao, and R.F.Brebrick Measurement and analysis
of phase diagram and thermodynamic properties in Hg-Cd-Te system //
J.Vac.Sci.Technol. — 1982. — V.21,No1 — P.117-124.

2. Aeaieeia I.A., Eeoaae A.I., Ie?iiia E.A. Aeeaa?aiia ieaaeinoe nenoaiu
MnTe-HgTe-Te // Iai?aai. iaoa?eaeu. — 1992. -O.28,?9. — N.1860-1869.

3. A?ey?a A.?., Aioonaae/ N.A., Eiii?aiei N.I., Eaaa?oeaa N.A., AEiaii?
A.I., ?aoeiaaoeueeee E.A. Aieea Cd ia aeaeo?ioice/ii aeanoeainoi
aiioaenieieo oa?ia HgMnTe/Cd0.96Zn0.04Te // OOAE. — 1996. — O.41,N4. —
N.478-481.

4. Eeaoeueeee N.A. Aeine?aeaeaii? i?ioean?a ia?aiino o iaiaeii??aeieo
oaa?aeeo ?ic/eiao AIIBVI. Aeen. ia caeia. iaoe. no. eaiae. o?c.-iao.
iaoe. — E.: EOI IAIO,1996. — 113 n.

5. Williams D.J., Vere A.W. Tellurium precipitation in bulk-grown
CdxHg1-xTe // J.Vac.Sci.Technol. A. — 1986. — Vol.4, No4. — P.2184-2189.

6. Kiessling F.M., Leipner H.S. TEM investigation of precipitates in
Hg0.8Cd0.2Te grown by the travelling heater method // J.Cryst.Growth. —
1993. — Vol.128, Nos 1-4. — P.599-603.

7. Neubert M., Kiessling F.M., Bartz B., Jacobs K. Hg vacancy diffusion
in mercury cadmium telluride // J.Cryst.Growth. — 1993. — Vol.128, Nos
1-4. — P.604-608.

8. Schaake H.F., Tregilgas J.H. The kinetics of tellurium precipitation
in Hg0.8Cd0.2Te // J.Vac.Sci.Technol. A. — 1986. — Vol.4, No4. —
P.2181-2183.

9. Show D. Diffusion mechanisms in II-VI materials // J.Cryst.Growth. —
1988. — V.86, Nos 1-4. — P.778-796.

10. Schaake H.F., Tregilgas J.H., Beck J.D., Kink M.A., Gnade B.E. The
effect of low temperature annealing on defects, impurities, and
electrical properties of (Hg,Cd)Te // J.Vac.Sci.Technol. — 1985. —
V.A3,No1. — P.143-149.

11. Aiaiaiyuee A.A., Aeeca?ia A.E., Eaaiia-Iineee A.E., Iao?aiei A.?.,
Iao?yeia A.A. Eeiaoeea i?eaaaeaiey e?enoaeeia CdxHg1-xTe a ?aaiiaanea n
ia?aie ?oooe // OOI. — 1985. — O.19,?5. — N.819-824.

Aiiioaoe?y:

Eaaa?oeaa N.A. Oai?aoe/i? aniaeoe oaoiieia?? iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo
oaa?aeeo ?ic/ei?a ia iniia? niieoe AIIBVI . — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca
niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.27.06 — oaoiieia?y, iaeaaeiaiiy oa ae?iaieoeoai
aeaeo?iiii? oaoi?ee. ?inoeooo o?ceee iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a Iaoe?iiaeueii?
Aeaaeai?? Iaoe Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

?icaeyiooi ieoaiiy, iia’ycai? c oai???th ??aeeiii-oaciai? ai?oaen??
oaa?aeiai ?ic/eio (Hg,Mn)Te, a oaeiae ieoaiiy aeaoaeoii? no?oeoo?e
niieoee Hg0.8Cd0.2Te oa ?? aaiethoe?? i?ae /an oa?i?/ii? ia?iaee
iaoa??aeo. Aiae?co i?aeaeai? oaciaa ae?aa?aia nenoaie Hg-Mn-Te,
iiaeeeaee aeeaae a oiiae oaciai? ??aiiaaae i?oaeieo iai?oa a
ai?oaen?eiiio oa??, aieea aca?iiaeeooc?? eiiiiiaio ia aeaeo?io?ce/i?
oa?aeoa?enoeee c?ace?a (Hg,Mn)Te, ae?iuaieo ia i?aeeeaaeeao (Cd,Zn)Te.
A?ae?a?aii iiaeaeue, a ?aieao yei? aeai? ii naiiaeeooc?? Hg203 iiaeooue
aooe ni?anoaaeai? c aeaieie uiaei e?iaoeee a?aeiaeo Hg0.8Cd0.2Te a ia??
?ooo?. C?iaeaii aeniiaee uiaei aeaoaeoii? no?oeoo?e Hg0.8Cd0.2Te oa
iaoai?ci?a aeeooc?? aeanieo oi/eiaeo aeaoaeo?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: Niieoee AIIBVI , oaeo?eae ia?aaioeth — ?ooo?,
??aeeiii-oaciaa ai?oaen?y, oaciaa ??aiiaaaa, oaeo?eae eaaei?th — ?ooo?,
oi/eia? aeaoaeoe.

Abstract

Kavertsev S.V. Theoretical aspects of growth and post-grown treatment of
AIIBVI semiconductor alloys. — Manuscript.

Thesis on competition for a scientific degree of candidate of sciences
in technology on speciality 05.27.06 — technology, equipment, and
production of electronics. Institute of Semiconductor Physics, National
Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev, 1999.

Some problems in the theory of liquid phase epitaxy of (Hg,Mn)Te solid
solutions as well as defect structure and annealing kinetics of
Hg0.8Cd0.2Te are considered. First, the phase diagram of Hg-Mn-Te
system, the contribution of elastic strains to the phase equilibrium
conditions, and effect of components’ interdiffusion on electrical
properties of (Hg,Cd,Mn)Te/(Cd,Zn)Te heterostructures have been
investigated. Second, the model in which Hg self-diffusion data can be
simply related to the data on Hg0.8Cd0.2Te annealing rate has been
chosen and the conclusions regarding to both the Hg0.8Cd0.2Te defect
structure and the mechanisms of native defects diffusion have been made.

Key words: AIIBVI , mercury manganese telluride, liquid phase epitaxy,
phase equilibrium, mercury cadmium telluride, point defects.

Aiiioaoeey.

Eaaa?oeaa N.A. Oai?aoe/aneea aniaeou oaoiieiaee iieoi?iaiaeieeiauo
oaa?aeuo ?anoai?ia ia iniiaa niaaeeiaiee AIIBVI. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.27.06 — oaoiieiaey, iai?oaeiaaiea e i?iecaiaenoai
yeaeo?iiiie oaoieee. Einoeooo oeceee iieoi?iaiaeieeia Iaoeeiiaeueiie
Aeaaeaiee Iaoe Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee ?anniao?eaathony aii?inu, naycaiiua n oai?eae
aeeaeeioaciie yieoaenee iieoi?iaiaeieeiaiai oaa?aeiai ?anoai?a
(Hg,Mn)Te, a oaeaea aii?inu, naycaiiua n aeaoaeoiie no?oeoo?ie
niaaeeiaiey Hg0.8Cd0.2Te e iooyie aa yaiethoeee a i?ioeanna oa?ie/aneie
ia?aaioee iaoa?eaea.

Oeaio?aeueiui ioieoii ia?aie /anoe ?aaiou yaeyaony ?an/ao ooieoeee
ninoiyiey aeeaeeie oacu o?aoeiiiiiaioiie nenoaiu Hg-Mn-Te, ii?aaeaeyaiie
eae F = RT ln(aHgaTe) aaea axx — aeoeaiinoue eiaeaene?iaaiiiai
eiiiiiaioa aeeaeeie oacu, R — aaciaay iinoiyiiay, T — oaiia?aoo?a, a
i?eaeeaeaiee iaeie eiioeaio?aoeee ia?aaioea a aeeaeeie oaca.

Iaiaoiaeeiinoue a oaeii ?an/aoa aicieeaao i?e niiinoaaeaiee iaeeaeaaiuo
eiioeaio?aoeee Mn a oaa?aeii ?anoai?a Hg1-xMnxTe, iaeaeaiiuo aeey
caaeaiiuo oneiaee au?aueaaiey ii ecaanoiui aeeaa?aiiai ninoiyiey o?ieiie
nenoaiu, n ?aaeueiui ninoaaii ieaiie, au?auaiiuo ia iiaeeiaeeao CdTe
eeai Cd0.96Zn0.04Te. O.e. ?aaeueiua eiioeaio?aoeee Mn anaaaea iaiueoa
iaeeaeaaiuo, a aeey oaa?aeiai ?anoai?a Hg1-xMnxTe aeeeaoaoeeiiii
ianiaeaniaaiiuie yaeythony iaa iacaaiiua iiaeeiaeee, n iaiaoiaeeiinoueth
aicieeatho aeaa i?aaeiieiaeaiey. Ai-ia?auo, iiaeii aeiionoeoue, /oi ia
aiieia aaeaeaaoiuie yaeythony ecaanoiua iai aeeaa?aiiu ninoiyiey nenoaiu
Hg-Mn-Te, ai-aoi?uo — /oi caiaoiue aeeaae a yia?aeth au?aueaaaiiai ia
CdTe eeai Cd0.96Zn0.04Te ?anoai?a aiinyo oi?oaea iai?yaeaiey a
yieoaeneaeueiii neia. Aua?aoue i?aaeeueiia i?aaeiieiaeaiea iiaeii
?an/eoaa ecauoi/ioth ia?oeeaeueioth yia?aeth niaoaiey Aeaana ex
eaeie-eeai ec eaaceoeie/aneeo ninoaaeythueo oaa?aeiai ?anoai?a e
niiinoaaea aa n ia?oeeaeueiie yia?aeae oi?oaeo iai?yaeaiee aeey oie aea
ninoaaeythuae. Anee yoa ninoaaethuay — HgTe,

ex = Feq — Gof — RT ln(z) ,

aaea z — aeiey HgTe a oaa?aeii ?anoai?a, Gof — noaiaea?oiay yia?aey
ia?aciaaiey HgTe ec /enouo aeeaeeeo eiiiiiaio, Feq — ooieoeey ninoiyiey
aeeaeeie oacu, acyoay aeey iaoanoaaeeueiiai ?aaiiaaney iaaeaeo
ia?anuuaiiie aeeaeeie oacie e iai?yaeaiui oaa?aeui ?anoai?ii.

Auiieiaiiue iaie ?an/ao iieacuaaao, /oi

a) i?e yieoaeneaeueiii au?aueaaiee (Hg,Mn)Te ia iiaeeiaeeao CdTe eeai
Cd0.96Zn0.04Te aeeeaoaoeeiiiia ianiioaaonoaea iaaeaeo iiaeeiaeeie e
ieaieie ia yaeyaony oaeoi?ii, nouanoaaiii aeeythuei ia ninoaa
au?aueaaaiiai ?anoai?a;

a) nieeaeon o?aoeiiiiiaioiie nenoaiu Hg-Mn-Te n aeinoaoi/iie oi/iinoueth
iiaeii ?ann/eoaoue ii yenia?eiaioaeueiui oaiia?aoo?ai eeeaeaeona o?ieiie
nenoaiu e oa?iiaeeiaie/aneei ia?aiao?ai aeia?iie nenoaiu Hg-Te,
iaeaeaiui a i?eaeeaeaiee /anoe/ii annioeee?iaaiiiai ?anoai?a a aeeaeeie
oaca. I?eaeeaeaiea iieiinoueth annioeee?iaaiiiai ?anoai?a a aeeaeeie
oaca nenoaiu Hg-Te, anaaaea eniieuecoaiia i?e iienaiee oaciauo
?aaiiaanee a o?ieiie nenoaia, ia yaeyaony aaeaeaaoiui.

Aeiiieieoaeueiui neaaenoaeai ?an/aoa yaeyaony auaiae i oii, /oi ?ieue
iaecaaaeii iaaethaeathuaeny i?e aaoa?iyieoaenee acaeiiaeeooocee
eiiiiiaio ia?aie/eaaaony oi?ie?iaaieai oiieiai ia?aoiaeiiai neiy iaaeaeo
iiaeeiaeeie e ieaieie, a ia ninoaa nianoaaiii ieaiee acaeiiaeeooocey ia
aeeyao. Nouanoaaiiie yoa ?ieue ieacuaaaony i?e yeaeo?ioece/aneii
enneaaeiaaiee au?auaiiuo ia?acoeia, eiaaea iaee/ea o aaoa?ia?aieoeu
aa?eciiiiai neiy i?eaiaeeo e eciaiaieth oaeeo ia?aiao?ia iieoi?iaiaeieea
eae eiioeaio?aoeey iineoaeae a ioiaeaeaiiii iaoa?eaea n-oeia e eo
iiaeaeaeiinoue.

Aoi?ay /anoue ?aaiou iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth aeaoaeoiie no?oeoo?u
Hg0.8Cd0.2Te a ?aaiiaanee n ia?ii, a oaeaea i?e?iaeu e eiyooeoeeaioia
aeeooocee oao nianoaaiiuo oi/a/iuo aeaoaeoia, eioi?ua ea?atho
oeaio?aeueioth ?ieue a aeeoooceiiiii ia?aiina. Eino?oiaioii
enneaaeiaaiey noaei aeaoaeueiia niiinoaaeaiea aeaiiuo, iienuaathueo
aeeoooceth a Hg0.8Cd0.2Te ?aaeeiaeoeaiuo ecoiiia ?oooe e eaaeiey, n
?acoeueoaoaie, oa?aeoa?ecothueie eeiaoeeo ieceioaiia?aoo?iiai ioaeeaa
iieoi?iaiaeieea. Iieacaii, /oi a ?aieao eiathueony i?aaenoaaeaiee i
aeeooocee aeaoaeoia aaeaeaaoiia iienaiea eiiieaena oaeeo aeaiiuo
iaaiciiaeii. Nouanoaaiiua i?ioeai?a/ey iaia?oaeaiu iaaeaeo a) aeaiiuie
naiiaeeooocee e ?acoeueoaoaie yeaeo?ioece/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee caeaeaiiuo
ia?acoeia p-oeia; a) aeaiiuie, eanathueieny ieioiinoe e ?ani?aaeaeaiey
i?aoeeieoaoia a ia?acoeao Hg0.8Cd0.2Te, iieo/aiiuo ?aciuie iaoiaeaie; a)
oaeoaie, naeaeaoaeuenoaothueie i iaaeaeoocaeueiii eeai, iai?ioea,
aaeaineiiii-iaaeaeoocaeueueiii oa?aeoa?a aeeooocee a i?eiiaa?oiinoiii
neia Hg0.8Cd0.2Te i?e aai ioaeeaa a ianuuaiiuo ia?ao ?oooe. Iieacaii,
/oi i?inoui ooi/iaieai ecaanoiiai ?ac?aoeoue yoe i?ioeai?a/ey iaeuecy, a
ii e?aeiae ia?a /anoe/iiai ia?aniio?a o?aaotho ooiaeaiaioaeueiua
i?eaeeaeaiey, a ?aieao eioi?uo i?iaiaeeony iienaiea aeeoooceiiiiai
i?ioeanna a aeaiiii iieoi?iaiaeieea.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: Niaaeeiaiey AIIBVI , oaeeo?eae ia?aaioea — ?oooe,
aeeaeeioaciay yieoaeney, oaciaua ?aaiiaaney, oaeeo?eae eaaeiey — ?oooe,
oi/a/iua aeaoaeou.

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