Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e

NO??EAOeUe Oaae?? Oaaei?iae/

OAeE 69.059:725.4

OAOIIEIA?ss NOEOIIIAI AEEIIAIIss ?IA?O I?E AEAOOOAAII? I?AeCAIIEO
EIIOI?EAOe?E A OIIAAO ?AEIINO?OEOe?? I?AeI?E?INOA

Niaoe?aeuei?noue: 05.23.08 – Oaoiieia?y i?iieneiaiai oa oeea?eueiiai
aoae?aieoeoaa

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? oaoiieia?? aoae?aaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa a
Ee?anueeiio iaoe?iiaeueiiio oi?aa?neoao? aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio eaoaae?e
oaoiieia??

aoae?aaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa Ee?anueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo
aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e

?iiaiooei ?aaai A?eai?iae/

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe – aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, i?i?aeoi? c
iaoeiai?

?iaioe Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo aoae?aieoeoaa
? a?o?oaeoo?e

Aii/a?aiei Aeieo?i Oaaei?iae/

– eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe

A?einoioeueeee Ieaa Ai?eniae/

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo aoae?aaeueiiai

ae?iaieoeoaa Aea?aeaoaeo Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 22 aa?aniy 1999 ?. i 15.00 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.056.03 i?e Ee?anueeiio
iaoe?iiaeueiiio oi?aa?neoao? aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e I?i?noa?noaa
ina?oe Oe?a?ie, ca aae?anith: 252037, i. Ee?a, Iia?o?ioeionueeee
i?iniaeo, 31

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e, ca aae?anith:
252037, i. Ee?a, Iia?o?ioeionueeee i?iniaeo, 31

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 20 na?iiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee, e.a.i., aeioe. ________________
Iiai?aeueoeaa A.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe. Nueiaiaei? a Oe?a?i? aeooaeueiei ieoaiiyi ?
i?aeaeuaiiy iioaioe?aeo e?a?ie oeyoii ?aeiino?oeoe?? oa iiiaeaiiy
?nioth/eo i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa.

Iaeiei ?c iaea?eueo iioe?aieo aeae?a ?ia?o, ui aeeiiothoue i?e
?aeiino?oeoe?? i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa, ? aeaoooaaiiy i?aecaiieo
o?oaii?ia?aeieo ?icae?eueieo eiioi?eaoe?eieo ia?aae. Ieoiia aaaa oaeeo
aeae?a ?ia?o iaea?eueoa ia i?aei?e?inoaao o?i?/ii? oa oa?/iai?
i?iieneiaino? ? neeaaea? 16 — 18 % a?ae caaaeueieo ianya?a aoae?aaeueieo
?ia?o.

Aeaoooaaiiy i?aecaiieo eiioi?eaoe?e a oiiaao ?aeiino?oeoe?? caeeoa?oueny
neeaaeiei oa o?oaeii?noeei i?ioeanii, c iecueeei ??aiai iaoai?caoe?? (27
% ianya?a ?ia?o aeeiiothoue a?o/io). E??i oeueiai, ?aeiino?oeoeai?
?iaioe, ye i?aaeei, aeeiiothoue aac coieiee ae?iaie/iai i?ioeano
i?aei?e?inoaa a noene? oa?i?ie. Oea i?ecaiaeeoue aei cia/iiai iane/aiiy
o?iio?a ?ia?o aoae?aaeueiith oaoi?eith, eiino?oeoe?yie ? iaoa??aeaie,
?ia?oieeaie oa aeiaaa? noi?uaiiai aeeiiaiiy aoae?aaeueieo i?ioean?a a
oiiaao, ui ci?iththoueny. ?c-ca iaocaiaeaeaiino? ae?e o/aniee?a
?aeiino?oeoe?? ca oaeeo oiia, aeaoooaaiiy i?aecaiieo eiioi?eaoe?e ua
a?eueoa oneeaaeith?oueny, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei ao?ao ae?iaie/iai /ano,
i?inoi?a o?iio?a ?ia?o ?, ye iane?aeie, aei iaaeio?eiaiiy oa?i?i?a
i?iaaaeaiiy ?aeiino?oeoe??. Oiio aeooaeueiei ? aecia/aiiy oaoiieia??
aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o, yea aaco?oueny ia ?aoe?iiaeueii i?ae?a?aieo
i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/ieo noaiao, eiiieaeoao iaoei ? neeaae? a?eaaaee
?ia?oiee?a, oa yea aeicaieeoue i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o
a oiiaao ?aeiino?oeoe??.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Ia?aiee a
aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? iai?yiie aeine?aeaeaiue a?aeiia?aea? oaiaoe/i?e
ni?yiiaaiino? iaoeiaeo ?ic?iaie, ye? i?iaiaeyoueny ia eaoaae??
oaoiieia?? aoae?aaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa i?e Ee?anueeiio iaoe?iiaeueiiio
oi?aa?neoao? aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e o ?aieao caaaeueiiai ieaio
athaeaeaoieo aeine?aeaeaiue (iaoeiaa aenia?oia ?aaea I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie ?
3, a?ae 12 — 13 n?/iy 1998 ?., iaeac EIOAA ? 70 a?ae 08.04.1998 ?.).
Oaeiae ?iaioa a?aeiia?aea? iai?yieo i?ei?eoaoieo ieoaiue aeey
aoae?aaeueiiai eiiieaeno e?a?ie – ?aeiino?oeoe?y i?iieneiaeo ?
oeea?eueieo aoae?aaeue (Aea?aeaaia i?ia?aia «?aeiino?oeoe?y aeeoeiaeo
aoaeeie?a ia?oeo ianiaeo na??e» ? 820, a?ae 14 o?aaiy 1999?.).

Iaoeiaith a?iioacith ? i?eiouaiiy i?i oa, ui aecia/aiiy ?aoe?iiaeueii?
oaoiieia?? aeaoooaaiiy i?aecaiieo eiioi?eaoe?e a oiiaao, ye? iino?eii
ci?iththoueny, i?e ?aeiino?oeoe?? i?aei?e?inoa, iiaeeeaa ia iniia?
caaacia/aiiy caaeainiaaiiai aca?iiocaiaeaeaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a
eiiieaeniiai i?ioeano oa oiia i?e noeoiiiio aeeiiaii? ?ia?o.

I?ae noeoiiei aeeiiaiiyi ?ia?o ?icoi??ii ni?eueia aeeiiaiiy eiiieaeno
i?ioean?a, ye? oaoiieia?/ii ? i?aai?caoe?eii ia’?aeiai? e?ioeaaith
i?iaeoeoe??th, ia aeae?eaieo ae?eueieoeyo ia’?eoo, a onoaiiaeai?
oa?i?ie. Iai?eeeaae, aeeiiaiiy eiiieaeno ?ia?o ia ae?eueieoe? c
?icae?aiiy iie?eooy, ?ic?iaee a?oioo, iiioaaeo o?oa ? aeaiaio?a
eiioi?eaoe?e, cai?ioii? caneiee oa ou?eueiaiiy a?oioo ia i?ioyc? ci?ie
aai aeiae.

Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? ?ic?iaea iaoeiai? iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy
?aoe?iiaeueii? oaoiieia?? noeoiiiai aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o c aeaoooaaiiy
i?aecaiieo eiioi?eaoe?e, ui aeanoue ciiao i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue
aoae?aaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa a oiiaao ?aeiino?oeoe?? i?aei?e?inoa.

O a?aeiia?aeiino? c iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeae?eai? ianooii?
iniiai? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. Aiae?c iaeiie/aieo iaoeiaeo ?ic?iaie oa i?aeoe/iiai aeina?aeo c
aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o i?e aeaoooaaii? i?aecaiieo eiioi?eaoe?e a oiiaao
?aeiino?oeoe??;

2. Aeyaeaiiy iniiaieo /eiiee?a, ui aecia/athoue niaoeeo?eo noeoiiiai
aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o oa aeine?aeaeaiiy ?o aieeao;

3. Aecia/aiiy oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a noeoiiiai aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o oa
aeyaeaiiy iaeanoae ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy
i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/ieo noai ? eiiieaeo?a iaoei;

4. ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy ?aoe?iiaeueii? oaoiieia?? noeoiiiai
aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o c aeaoooaaiiy i?aecaiieo eiioi?eaoe?e i?e ?aeiino?oeoe??
i?aei?e?inoa.

Iaeanoue aeine?aeaeaiue iaiaaeo?oueny oaoiieia??th aeeiiaiiy iniiaieo
i?ioean?a i?e aeaoooaaii? i?aecaiieo eiioi?eaoe?e a oiiaao
?aeiino?oeoe?? i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa; ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy –
aeaoooaaiiy ?icae?eueiei iaoiaeii aioo??oiueioeaoiaeo i?aecaiieo
o?oaii?ia?aeieo eiioi?eaoe?eieo ia?aae i?e ?aeiino?oeoe?? i?iieneiaeo
i?aei?e?inoa.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a oa iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a
iieyaa? a oiio, ui aia?oa aecia/ai? oaoiieia?/i? ia?aiao?e eiiieaeniiai
i?ioeano c aeaoooaaiiy i?aecaiieo eiioi?eaoe?e i?e noeoiiiio aeeiiaii?
?ia?o oa aeyaeai? ?o iaae?, a yeeo aecia/athoueny aoaeoeai?
i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/i? ??oaiiy, a oaeiae ae?noaea iiaeaeueoee
?icaeoie iaoeiaa iaoiaeeea caaacia/aiiy caaeainiaaiino? ae?e o/aniee?a
?aeiino?oeoe??, noiniaii aei noeoiiiai aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o i?e aeaoooaaii?
i?aecaiieo eiioi?eaoe?e.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a ? oe?ii?noue ?iaioe
aecia/a?oueny ai?iaaaeaeaiiyi a ?nioth/o nenoaio i?aeaioiaee, i?e
aeeiiaii? aoae?aaeueii-iiioaaeieo ?ia?o a oiiaao ?aeiino?oeoe??,
?ino?oiaioo oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, ui caaacia/othoue iiaeeea?noue a??ia?aeii
oa iia?aoeaii cai?iiiioaaoe ?aoe?iiaeueio oaoiieia?th noeoiiiai
aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o c aeaoooaaiiy i?aecaiieo eiioi?eaoe?e o aoae?aaeueieo
i?ae?icae?eao AO AEI «*a?eane-iieiei» ? AeI «ssaioeinueeee oeoe?iaee
caaiae» oa io?eiaiei, aiane?aeie oeueiai, aeiiii?/iei aoaeoii a ianyc?
3,45 oen. a?i.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy: aiae?c oa ocaaaeueiaiiy, aiae?oe/iee,
ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c, aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ia oa
i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/ia iiaeaethaaiiy, ae?iaie/a ia?aa??ea io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeeny ?
io?eiaee noaaeaiiy ia 58-e oa 59-e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo o
Ee?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? aoae?aieoeoaa ?
a?o?oaeoo?e (1997?., 1998?.); ia i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e
eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e 125-e ??/ieoe? canioaaiiy
?iaeaia?ii-aoae?aaeueiiai oaeoeueoaoo oi?aa?neoaoo «Euea?anueea
iie?oaoi?ea» (i. Euea?a, 1997?.).

?aae?caoe?y ?iaioe. ?ic?iaee, ye? i?eaaaeai? a aeine?aeaeaii?,
ai?iaaaeaeai? ia i?iieneiaeo ia’?eoao, i?e ?o ?aeiino?oeoe??, a i.
ssaioei? (Ee?anueei? iae.) oa i. Eaiaa? (*a?eanueei? iae.), aoei
io?eiaii oaeoe/iee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a noi? 3,45 oeny/? a?eaaiue.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 5 ae?oeiaaieo ?ia?o.
I?e iaienaii? noaoae o ni?aaaoi?noa?, iniaenoi caeiaoaa/ai aeyaeai?
/eiieee, ui aieeaathoue ia aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o i?e aeaoooaaii? i?aecaiieo
eiioi?eaoe?e a oiiaao ?aeiino?oeoe?? oa ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea c
a?aooaaiiy ?o aieeao [1, 2]; aecia/ai? aoaie oi?ioaaiiy ?aoe?iiaeueiiai
i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/iiai ??oaiiy i?e aeeiiaii? ?ia?o a oiiaao
?aeiino?oeoe?? ca aaoi?nueeei aeai?eoiii; ?ic?iaeai? oaoiieia?/i? noaie
aeaoooaaiiy i?aecaiieo eiioi?eaoe?e c aeei?enoaiiyi iaeeo aoae?aaeueieo
iaoei [3, 4, 5].

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue anooi, /ioe?e ?icae?ee
oa iniiai? aeniiaee, aeeeaaeai? ia 121 noi??ieao (iiaiee ianya – 173
noi?.), o oiio /ene? a?ae?ia?ao?y ?c 116 iaeiaioaaiue (12 noi?.) oa 7
aeiaeaoe?a (39 noi?.). O iniiai?e /anoei? aeena?oaoe?? ia?aoiao?oueny 39
?enoie?a ? 13 oaaeeoeue.

INIIAIEE CI?NO

O anooi? aea?oueny ei?ioea iaa?oiooaaiiy aeooaeueiino? oaie
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, noi?ioeueiaai? iaoa ? iniiai? caaea/?, aecia/ai?
ia’?eo ? iaeanoue aeine?aeaeaiue, ?ice?eoi iaoeiao iiaecio oa i?aeoe/io
oe?ii?noue io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? aoei i?iaiae?ciaaii aeina?ae aeeiiaiiy eiiieaeno
?ia?o c aeaoooaaiiy i?aecaiieo eiioi?eaoe?e i?e ?aeiino?oeoe??
i?aei?e?inoa oa ?nioth/? iaoeia? aeine?aeaeaiiy c oeueiai ieoaiiy, o
oiio /ene? ? c ieoaiiy aecia/aiiy ?aoe?iiaeueieo
i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/ieo ??oaiue aeeiiaiiy aoae?aaeueieo ?ia?o a
oiiaao ?aeiino?oeoe??.

??ci? aniaeoe i?iaeaie i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeeiiaiiy aoae?aaeueieo
?ia?o a oiiaao ?aeiino?oeoe?? aeeeaaeai? o i?aoeyo ?yaeo a/aieo Oe?a?ie
oa e?a?i NIA: A.N.Aaeeoeueeiai, TH.?.Aaeyeiaa, A.?.A?eieiiy,
I.A.A?einoioeueeiai, A.I.Aieueoaeiaa, Ae.O.Aii/a?aiei, A.I.Aeaaeaeiaa,
I.O.Ae?oeiaaiiai, A.Ae.AEaaia, A.I.E??iina, I.?.Eioey?a, ?.E.Iiaianthea,
N.N.I?e?a?aiia, A.A.?acoieea, ?.A.?iiaiooei, A.I.Ni?aeei, I.Ae.Niaeoi?a,
?.A.Oyia, A.?.Oi?eaothea, N.A.Ooaoeueeiai, I.A.Oaaeiniai?, ?ioeo.

?icaeyioo? iniiai? aeaee o?oaii?ia?aeieo eiioi?eaoe?e i?iieneiaeo
i?aei?e?inoa. C?iaeaiee aiae?c ?o iniiaieo eiino?oeoeaieo ?
oaoiieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee. Iaeieie c iaea?eueo iioe?aieo ? i?aecaii?
noaeuei? oa /aaoii? o?oaii?iaiaee ae?aiao?ii 50 — 150 ii, ye?
i?ieeaaeai? ?icae?eueiei iaoiaeii aaciina?aaeiuei a a?oio? aai o eaiaeao
?c ae??aii-ca??ieo aeaiaio?a (ianith aei 50 ea). ?o ieoiia aaaa o
aioo??oiueioeaoiaeo ia?aaeao i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa noaiiaeoue 46 — 74
%, ?aeiino?oeoe?y yeeo, c aeei?enoaiiyi ?nioth/iai ia?eo o?aaeeoe?eieo
aoae?aaeueieo iaoei, a?ae??ciy?oueny aenieith o?oaeii?noe?noth ?c-ca
cia/ieo ianya?a ?o/ieo ?ia?o.

Caeeoathoueny ia ae??oaieie ieoaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/iiai
ocaiaeaeaiiy aeeiiaiiy oeeo ?ia?o a oiiaao noi?uaiiy. ?nioth/? iaoeia? ?
iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aeeiiaiiy ?aeiino?oeoeaieo ?ia?o a oaeeo oiiaao ia
caaeiaieueiythoue aeiiae, ye? noaaeyoueny i?e aecia/aii? ?aoe?iiaeueii?
oaoiieia??, caaaeath/e ia iaiaeiaeia? ianyae ?ia?o (c ?oeioaaiiy,
?ic?iaee a?oioo, iiioaaeo, cai?ioii? caneiee) ia aeae?eaieo
ae?eueieoeyo, ??ciiiai?oi?noue ia?aiao??a eiioi?eaoe?e, oiia aeeiiaiiy
?ia?o, aa??aioi?noue cania?a ae?iaieoeoaa oa ?o aeeiai?eo i?e ia?aoiae?
c ae?eueieoe? ia ae?eueieoeth.

Oea i?aeoaa?aeaeo? iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaee iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy
oaoiieia?? aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o, yea aeicaieeoue i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue
aeaoooaaiiy eiioi?eaoe?e a oiiaao ?aeiino?oeoe?? i?aei?e?inoa.
Cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoiaoaaoe oaoiieia?th noeoiiiai aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o c
aeaoooaaiiy i?aecaiieo eiioi?eaoe?e, aeaii ?? aecia/aiiy oa iinoaaeai?
iniiai? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyioo? /eiieee, ui aecia/athoue niaoeeo?eo oa
aieeaathoue ia aecia/aiiy oaoiieia?? noeoiiiai aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o, aeyaeai?
?o aca?iica’ycee ? iaeano? aieeao (?en. 1).

*eiieee eeaneo?eiaai? ca a?oiaie ia caaaeueii-ia’?eoi?, eiino?oeoeai?,
i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/i?, oaoi?/i?. Iaiaeii??aei?noue oa ci?ia ??aiy
aieeao /eiiee?a eiino?oeoeaii?, i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/ii? oa
oaoi?/ii? a?oie ia ??cieo ae?eueieoeyo, iaoiiaeth? neeaaei?noue
aecia/aiiy ?aoe?iiaeueii? oaoiieia?? c aeaoooaaiiy i?aecaiieo
eiioi?eaoe?e ia ia’?eo? ?aeiino?oeoe??.

?en. 1 Iniiai? /eiieee, ui aecia/athoue niaoeeo?eo noeoiiiai aeeiiaiiy
?ia?o i?e aeaoooaaii? i?aecaiieo eiioi?eaoe?e a oiiaao ?aeiino?oeoe??
i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui ia aea?? eiiieaeoo iaoei ? a?eaaaee ?ia?oiee?a o
cia/i?e i??? aieeaathoue ianyae ?ia?o oa eiino?oeoeai? ia?aiao?e
i?aecaiieo eiioi?eaoe?e, ?o aeae, oeii?ici??e. A oiiaao aeeiai?ee aieeao
/eiiee?a aeae?eaieo a?oi oa i?e aaaaoiaa??aioiino? iiaeeeaeo ??oaiue,
iaiao?aeii ni?inoeoe oi?ioaaiiy aace aeaieo ? i?aeaeueoe iia?aoeai?noue
aianaiiy ci?i o oaoiieia?/i? ?ic?aooiee. Aeey oeueiai, i?e aecia/aii?
aenieoaoaoe?eii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? iaoei, cai?iiiiiaaii a?aoiaoaaoe
ocaaaeueithth/ee iieaciee ??aiy neeaaeiino? ?-ai i?ioeano, ca
aeiiiiiaith yeiai iiaeia ei?aaoaaoe aieea /eiiee?a eiino?oeoeaii? a?oie
i?e ci?i? oaoiieia?/ieo oa e?euee?nieo ia?aiao??a aeeiiaiiy iniiaieo
iaoai?ciaaieo i?ioean?a eiiieaeno ?ia?o:

, (1)

– aenieoaoaoe?eia i?iaeoeoeai?noue iaoeie a oiiaao ?aeiino?oeoe??

i?e aeeiiaii? ?-ai i?ioeano;

– oaoi?/ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue iaoeie i?e aeeiiaii? ?-ai i?ioeano;

e a – eiao?oe??io aeei?enoaiiy iaoeie a /an?;

e ? – eiiieaeniee eiao?oe??io, ui a?aoiao? aieea oiia
?aeiino?oeoe??

ia aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o (?ic?iaeaiee ia eaoaae?? OAA EIOAA);

s i – ocaaaeueithth/ee iieaciee ??aiy neeaaeiino? aeeiiaiiy
?-oiai

i?ioeano,

; (2)

s i j – iieaciee, ui iaoiiaeth? aieea ie?aiiai j-oiai ia?aiao?o
?-oiai

i?ioeano ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue iaoeie.

Iaoiaeaie ei?aeyoe?eiiai aiae?co aoee anoaiiaeai? caeaaeiino? i?ae
oaoi?/iith i?iaeoeoeai?noth oa oaoi?/ieie ia?aiao?aie aoae?aaeueieo
iaoei ? cania?a iaoai?caoe?? i?e aeeiiaii? iaoai?ciaaieo i?ioean?a
eiiieaeno ?ia?o c aeaoooaaiiy i?aecaiieo eiioi?eaoe?e (oaae. 1).

Ia iniia? oaoiieia?/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioean?a, iaoiaeii iiaea?eii?
ei?aeyoe??, aoee io?eiai? caeaaeiino? aca?iica’yceo aaiiao?e/ieo
ia?aiao??a i?ioean?a (?oeioaaiiy oaa?aeiai iie?eooy, ?ic?iaee a?oioo,
ou?eueiaiiy) oa oaoi?/ieo ia?aiao??a aoae?aaeueieo iaoei ? cania?a
iaoai?caoe??. Iai?eeeaae, aoei aecia/aii, ui iieaciee (s11), yeee
iaoiiaeth? ci?io i?iaeoeoeaiino? ?oeioaaiiy a caeaaeiino? a?ae oiaueie
iie?eooy i?aeeiae, iiaeia i?aaenoaaeoe o aeaeyae? caeaaeiino?:

s 11 = – a 11 * I o 2 + b 11 * I o + c 11 , (3)

aea I o – oiaueia oa?o iie?eooy i?aeeiae, i;

Oaaeeoey 1 Aiae?oe/i? caeaaeiino? ae?ac?a aeey aecia/aiiy oaoi?/ii?
i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeeiiaiiy iaoai?ciaaieo i?ioean?a eiiieaeno ?ia?o c
aeaoooaaiiy i?aecaiieo eiioi?eaoe?e.

Iaoai?ciaaiee i?ioean Caaaeueiee aeae caeaaeiinoae

– oaoi?/ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue ?oeioaaiiy, i 3/aiae.; A – aia?a?y oaea?o
iaeaaeiaiiy aeey ?oeioaaiiy, eAeae; a1, b1, c1 – eiao?oe??ioe iie?iiio,
ye? caeaaeaoue a?ae oeio oaa?aeiai iie?eooy.

– o?eaae?noue oeeeeo aeneaaaoi?a ca ?-oi? oiiae, n; e a – eiao?oe??io
aeneaaaoe?? a?oioo; ? – iiooaei?noue aeaeaoia aeneaaaoi?a, eAo; a 2, b
2, c 2, d 2 – eiao?oe??ioe iie?iiio, ye? caeaaeaoue a?ae oiia aeeiiaiiy
?ia?o.

– oaoi?/ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue ou?eueiaiiy a?oioo; Io – oiaueia oa?o
ou?eueiaiiy, i; A – aia?a?y oaea?o iieioa, eAeae; Q – iana o?aia?aee /e
a?a?iieeoe, ea; P – iiooaei?noue aeaeaoia o?aia?aee /e a?a?iieeoe, eAo;
a3, b3, a`3, b`3, c`3 – eiao?oe??ioe, ei?aeyoe?eieo caeaaeiinoae.

a 11, b 11, c 11 – eiao?oe??ioe iie?iiio, ye? caeaaeaoue a?ae
oeio iie?eooy

oa oaoi?/ieo ia?aiao??a iaeaaeiaiiy aeey
?oeioaaiiy (?en. 2).

Iieaciee (s21), ui iaoiiaeth? ci?io i?iaeoeoeaiino? ?ic?iaee a?oioo
aeneaaaoi?ii a caeaaeiino? a?ae aeeaeie ae?iee (o?aioa?), iiaeia
i?aaenoaaeoe o aeaeyae? caeaaeiino?:

, (4)

aea I a – aeeaeia ae?iee (o?aioa?), i;

a 21 – eiao?oe??io, yeee caeaaeaoue a?ae oaoi?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee

aeneaaaoi?a (?en. 3).

?en. 2 Ci?ia cia/aiue eiao?oe??io?a a 11, b 11, c 11 , a caeaaeiino?
a?ae aia?a?? oaea?o iaeaaeiaiiy, i?e ?oeioaaii? aaoiiiiai iie?eooy.

?en. 3 Ci?ia eiao?oe??ioo a 21, a caeaaeiino? a?ae oaoi?/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee iaeeo aoae?aaeueieo aeneaaaoi??a a?o/eciyiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa:

? – iiooaei?noue aeaeaoia, eAo; q – i?noe?noue eiaoa aeneaaaoi?a, i 3;

I e iao – iaeneiaeueia aeeaeia eiiaiiy aeneaaaoi?a, i.

Oaeei /eiii, aeine?aeaeaii? oa aecia/ai? aiae?oe/i? caeaaeiino?
iieaciee?a, ye? ? neeaaeiaeie ocaaaeueithth/iai iieacieea ??aiy
neeaaeiino?, oa ye? iaoiiaeththoue aieea ie?aieo ia?aiao??a i?ioean?a ia
i?iaeoeoeai?noue aeeiiaiiy iaoai?ciaaieo ?ia?o i?e aeaoooaaii?
i?aecaiieo eiioi?eaoe?e.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? i?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/ieo ??oaiue (IO?) oa oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a
noeoiiiai aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o i?e aeaoooaaii? i?aecaiieo eiioi?eaoe?e. Ia
iniia? ?icaeyiooeo aca?iica’yce?a oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a cai?iiiiiaai?
iiaeeea? i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/i? noaie (ION) aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o c
aeei?enoaiiyi oi?aa?naeueieo ? niaoe?ae?ciaaieo iaoei.

Aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue, aoea ?ic?iaeaia aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ia
iiaeaeue noeoiiiai aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o c aeaoooaaiiy i?aecaiieo eiioi?eaoe?e
ia aeae?eai?e ae?eueieoe? a oiiaao ?aeiino?oeoe??. ?aoe?iiaeueia
i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/ia ??oaiiy (IO?) anoaiiaeth?oueny ?c
o?aooaaiiyi iaeneiaeueii iiaeeeai? aeiaiai? ?ioaineaiino? (? iaen)
aeaoooaaiiy eiioi?eaoe?e ia ae?eueieoe?:

, (5)

– aeiaiaee ae?ia?oie i?ioeano aeaoooaaiiy i?aecaiieo eiioi?eaoe?e

ia ae?eueieoe? ?c o?aooaaiiyi niaoeeo?ee noeoiiiai
aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o

a oiiaao ?aeiino?oeoe??:

, (6)

aea Ve – aeiaiaee ianya eiiieaeno ?ia?o, i i.;

v ?, v aei – a?aeiia?aeii, ia’?ie ?ia?o iaoai?ciaaieo i?ioean?a (c

?oeioaaiiy, ?ic?iaee a?oioo, cai?ioii? caneiee)
oa aeaiiioaaeii-

iiioaaeieo ?ia?o, ui aeeiio? a?eaaaea
?ia?oiee?a;

– aenieoaoaoe?eia i?iaeoeoeai?noue iaoei a oiiaao ?aeiino?oeoe??

i?e aeeiiaii? iaoai?ciaaieo i?ioean?a
(?oeioaaiiy, ?ic?iaea

a?oioo, cai?ioia caneiea, ou?eueiaiiy a?oioo)
(1);

– ae?ia?oie a?eaaaee ?ia?oiee?a a oiiaao ?aeiino?oeoe?? i?e

aeeiiaii? ?o/ieo aeaiiioaaeieo, iiioaaeieo
?ia?o;

e i – eiao?oe??io, ui a?aoiao? o?eaae?noue oaoiieia?/ieo ia?a?a
i?ae

noi?aeieie i?ioeanaie i?e noeoiiiio aeeiiaii?
?ia?o, ye?

iia’ycai? c i?aeaioiaeith, ia?aiaeaaeiaiiyi,
iaiaa?oaaiiyi

iaoei.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui cia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioo (e i ) ci?ith?oueny a iaaeao a?ae
0.45 aei 1 ? caeaaeeoue a?ae i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/ii? noaie
aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o, a?ae ianya?a ?ia?o ia ae?eueieoe? oa a?ae
i?enoiniaaiino? aei ia?aiaeaaiaeaeaiiy iaoei, ui aoiaeyoue o neeaae
eiiieaeoo.

F 1).

?niothoue ?aca?ae nei?i/aiiy o?eaaeinoae oaoiieia?/ieo i/?eoaaiue ca
?aooiie ?aoe?iiae?caoe?? noi?uaiiy i?e aeeiiaii? ?ia?o ia ae?eueieoe?.
Oea aeicaiey? i?aeaeueoe aeiaiao ?ioaineai?noue aeaoooaaiiy i?aecaiieo
eiioi?eaoe?e ia ae?eueieoe? ia 10 — 47 %, a caeaaeiino? a?ae ION,
cieceoe nia?aa?o?noue aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o oa nei?ioeoe oa?i?ie aeaoooaaiiy
eiioi?eaoe?e. Iaaeai? i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ?aoe?iiae?caoe??
noi?uaiiy i?e noeoiiiio aeeiiaii? ?ia?o.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iaeanoae ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy eiiieaeo?a iaoei
nie?a?oueny ia oae? iieiaeaiiy: a?aooaaiiy iaeneiaeueii iiaeeeai?
?ioaineaiino? aeaoooaaiiy eiioi?eaoe?e ia ae?eueieoe?; caaacia/aiiy
oaoi?ei-oaoiieia?/ii? aeiionoeiino? aeei?enoaiiy iaoei; ?icaeyaeaiiy
i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/ii? iaa?oioiaaiino? aeei?enoaiiy eiiieaeoo
iaoei; oi?aa?naeuei?noue ?acoeueoao?a, ui aea? iiaeeea?noue ?o
aeei?enoaiiy aeey ae??oaiiy caaea/ aeai?o iaoei a ?ioeo oe?eyo (aeey
oi?ioaaiiy ia?eo iaoei, noai?aiiy niaoe?ae?ciaaieo eiiieaen?a, ?ioa).

Iaae? ?aoe?iiaeueiiai canoinoaaiiy iaoei anoaiiaethaaeenue ?c oiiae
i?i?iaeueii? ieoiii? nia?aa?oino? aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o. Ia ?en. 4 i?eaaaeaiee
i?eeeaae ci?ie ieoiii? nia?aa?oino? IO? (a oe?iao 05.1998 / 1 a?i = 0,5
o.i./) a?ae ianya?a eiiieaeno ?ia?o ia ae?eueieoe? a caaeaieo oiiaao
(oiaueia aaoiiiiai iie?eooy i?aeeiae 0.15i; aeeaeia o?aioa? 1.5 i;
oe?eia o?aioa? 1.0 i; a?eaaaea ?ia?oiee?a 4 /ie.; o?oaii?ia?ae ?c
/aaoiieo o?oa 100 ii).

Ia iniia? aeae?eaiiy iaae, a yeeo caaacia/o?oueny i?i?iaeueia
nia?aa?o?noue aeeiiaiiy eiiieaeno ?ia?o ia ae?eueieoe?, aoee aecia/ai?
iaeano? aeei?enoaiiy ?aoe?iiaeueieo ION ? eiiieaeo?a iaoei. Oea aea?
ciiao a?eueo i?inoiai aecia/aiiy ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aa??aioo ION, eiiieaeoo
iaoei oa a?eaaaee ?ia?oiee?a i?e noeoiiiio aeeiiaii? ?ia?o, o iaaeao
iaaii? aeiaiai? ?ioaineaiino? oa ia?aiao?ao oiia aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o (?en.
5).

?en. 4 Iaae? ci?ie ieoiii? nia?aa?oino? aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o a?ae ianya?a
eiiieaeno ?ia?o ia ae?eueieoe? aeey ianeao i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/ieo
??oaiue.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? aeeeaaeaii iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy ?aoe?iiaeueii?
oaoiieia?? noeoiiiai aeaoooaaiiy i?aecaiieo eiioi?eaoe?e. A?aei?ii?noue
oiia aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o ia aeae?eaieo ae?eueieoeyo i?ecaiaeeoue aei
iaiaeiaeiai? aoaeoeaiino? canoinoaaiiy aea?aieo
i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/ieo ??oaiue i?e ci?i? ae?eueieoeue a i?ioean?
aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o. Aoae?aaeuei? i?ae?yaei? i?aai?caoe??, i?e aecia/aii?
?aoe?iiaeueii? oaoiieia??, aeiaaathoue caaacia/aiiy noaeino?
aeei?enoaiiy eiiieaeo?a aoae?aaeueieo iaoei, cania?a iaoai?caoe?? oa
a?eaaaee ?ia?oiee?a, iacaeaaeii a?ae oiia aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o ia aeae?eaieo
ae?eueieoeyo. ?nioth/a iaoiaee/ia aaca ia iiaea caaacia/eoe aoaeoeaiiai
ae??oaiiy oe??? caaea/? ?c a?aooaaiiyi niaoeeo?ee noeoiiiai ae?iaieoeoaa
a oiiaao ?aeiino?oeoe??, oiio aoea ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea (?en. 6), a
iniiao yei? caeeaaeai? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe a?aeiieo aeine?aeaeaiue c
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? oaoiieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee aeeiiaiiy
aoae?aaeueieo ?ia?o i?e ?aeiino?oeoe?? i?aei?e?inoa.

a)

a)

?en. 5 Iaae? aeiaiai? ?ioaineaiino? aeaoooaaiiy eiioi?eaoe?e ia
ae?eueieoe? i?e i?i?iaeuei?e ieoii?e nia?aa?oino? aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o, a
caeaaeiino? a?ae ia?aiao??a o?aioa? oa i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/ieo noai
aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o:

a) aeeaeia o?aioa? – 1.5 i; a) aeeaeia o?aioa? – 2.0 i;

(oiaueia aaoiiiiai iie?eooy – 0.15 i, a?eaaaea ?ia?oiee?a – 3 /ie., ?c
noaeueieo o?oa ae?aiao?ii 70 ii)

?en. 6 Noaia aecia/aiiy ?aoe?iiaeueii? oaoiieia?? noeoiiiai aeeiiaiiy
?ia?o c aeaoooaaiiy i?aecaiieo eiioi?eaoe?e i?e ?aeiino?oeoe??
i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa.

Ia iniia? aca?iiocaiaeaeaiiy /aniaeo?aoieo, ?ano?niaeo?aoieo,
aia?aiaeo?aoieo ? aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a, ciaoiaeeoueny IO?, yea aoaea
iaea?eueo caaeainiaaia c oi/ee ci?o aeiiii?/ieo ao?ao i?e aeeiiaii?
eiiieaeno ?ia?o. Aeey oeueiai aecia/athoueny iieacieee caaeainiaaiino?
(S N j) j-oiai IO? ia N-i?e ae?eueieoe? (0 < S N j F 1) oa ciaoiaeeoueny iieaciee caaaeueii? caaeainiaaiino?: , (7) aea S ITP j – iieaciee caaaeueii? caaeainiaaiino? j-oiai IO? aeeiiaiiy eiiieaeno ?ia?o, ye na?aaeiuei caaaeaia a?ae iieaciee?a caaeainiaaiino? j-oiai IO? ia ae?eueieoeyo (0 < S ITP j F 1); – ianya eiiieaeno ?ia?o ia N-i?e ae?eueieoe?; n – e?euee?noue aeae?eaieo ae?eueieoeue ia ia'?eo? ?aeiino?oeoe??. ) aeey ?-oeo aeeiiaa/eo cania?a ae?iaieoeoaa), iiaeia a?aeooeaoe ??oaiiy, yea aoaea ?aoe?iiaeueia c oi/ee ci?o i?i?iaeueieo aeiiii?/ieo ao?ao a?ae i?inoi?a oa i/?eoaaiue iaoei ? a?eaaaee ?ia?oiee?a i?e noeoiiiio aeeiiaii? ?ia?o ia ae?eueieoe? (S N j ® 1) oa ia ia'?eo? a oe?eiio (S IO? j ® 1). Iaea?eueo ocaiaeaeaia i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/ia ??oaiiy noeoiiiai aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o aaaaea?oueny oa, iieaciee caaeainiaaiino? yeiai iaaeeaea?oueny aei 1. I?e oeueiio caaacia/o?oueny aca?iiocaiaeaeaiiy oaoi?/ieo ? oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a eiiieaeo?a iaoei, a?eaaaee ?ia?oiee?a oa ae?iaie/eo oiia. A ?acoeueoao? aeinyaa?oueny iaeneiaeueia nooi?iue iaoai?caoe?? aoae?aaeueieo i?ioean?a, iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaia canoinoaaiiy a oiiaao ?aeiino?oeoe?? aoaeoeaieo iaoei, iaeaaeiaiiy oa ?aoe?iiaeueia aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?n?a ? ae?iaie/iai /ano. Aenia?eiaioaeueia ia?aa??ea ?ic?iaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, aeicaieeee i?aeoaa?aeeoe aeinoaoith aoaeoeai?noue aeeiiaieo aeine?aeaeaiue. AENIIAEE 1. ?aeiino?oeoe?y aioo??oiueioeaoiaeo i?aecaiieo eiioi?eaoe?e ? ia'?eoeaiith iaiao?aei?noth ? neeaaea? 16 - 18 % a?ae caaaeueieo ?aeiino?oeoeaieo ?ia?o ia i?aei?e?inoaao, i?e oeueiio caeeoa?oueny neeaaeiei ? o?oaeii?noeei aeaeii ?ia?o c iecueeei ??aiai iaoai?caoe?? (27 % a?ae ?o caaaeueieo ianya?a ua aeeiio?oueny a?o/io). Aiae?c iaoeiaiai ? i?aeoe/iiai aeina?aeo aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o c i?ieeaaeee i?aecaiieo eiioi?eaoe?e a oiiaao noi?uaiiy oa noeneeo oa?i?i?a ?aeiino?oeoe?? i?aei?e?inoaa, iieacaa iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaee oaoiieia?? noeoiiiai aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o aeey noai?aiiy iiaeo, a?eueo aoaeoeaieo i?aeoiae?a c aecia/aiiy ?aoe?iiaeueieo i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/ieo ??oaiue aeaoooaaiiy i?aecaiieo eiioi?eaoe?e a iaiaaeaieo oa iaiaeii??aeieo oiiaao. 2. Aiae?c iniiaieo /eiiee?a, ye? aieeaathoue ia noeoiia aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o c aeaoooaaiiy i?aecaiieo eiioi?eaoe?e, i?aeoaa?aeea iaiao?aei?noue aecia/aiiy ?o e?euee?nii? ioe?iee ca aeiiiiiaith ocaaaeueithth/eo iieaciee?a ??aiy neeaaeiino? aeeiiaiiy ie?aieo i?ioean?a, ui aeaei ciiao aeyaeoe caeaaeiino? i?ae oiiaaie oa oaoiieia?/ieie ia?aiao?aie aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o. 3. I?iaaaeaia i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/ia oa aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy ia iniia? yeiai aeeiiai? aeine?aeaeaiiy noeoiiiai aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o c aeaoooaaiiy i?aecaiieo eiioi?eaoe?e ia ae?eueieoe?. A ?acoeueoao? aecia/ai? eiao?oe??ioe aei ae?acieea aeiaiaiai ae?ia?oeo eiiieaeniiai i?ioeano, ye? aeicaieeee a?aooaaoe aieea niaoeeo?ee noeoiiiai aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o oa aeyaeoe iaae? ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/ieo noai oa eiiieaeo?a iaoei aeey ??cieo oiia. I?e aeine?aeaeaii? noai aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o a?aeooeai? ?aca?ae caaaioaaeaiino? eiiieaeoo iaoei oa a?eaaaee ?ia?oiee?a, ye? aeicaieythoue i?aeaeueoe ?ioaineai?noue aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o ia 10 - 47 %, ui iiaeia aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeey ?ioaineo?eaoe?? aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o ? cieaeaiiy nia?aa?oino? aeaoooaaiiy eiioi?eaoe?e a oiiaao ?aeiino?oeoe??. 4. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee ?ic?iaeoe iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaio iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy ?aoe?iiaeueii? oaoiieia?? noeoiiiai aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o ia iniia? caaeainiaaiiai aca?iiocaiaeaeaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo oa aeiiii?/ieo ia?aiao??a aeey cania?a ae?iaieoeoaa c o?aooaaiiyi caaacia/aiiy noaeino? e?euee?niiai ? ye?niiai neeaaeo eiiieaeoo iaoei oa a?eaaaee ?ia?oiee?a ia ia'?eo? ?aeiino?oeoe??. 5. Aenia?eiaioaeueia ia?aa??ea ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue o aoae?aaeueieo i?ae?icae?eao i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa na?ae/eoue i?i aeinoaoith i?aeoe/io aoaeoeai?noue ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?o o ae?iaieoeoai aeicaieeei io?eiaoe aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a noi? 3.45 oen. a?i. ca ?aooiie aeei?enoaiiy ?aeiiaiaeiaaieo IO?, ?aoe?iiaeueiiai eiiieaeoo iaoei oa nei?i/aiiy oa?i?io aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o ia 12 - 15 % . Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? a oaeeo ?iaioao: 1.No??eaoeue O.O. Aeeiiaiiy eiiieaeno ?ia?o c aeaoooaaiiy i?aecaiieo eiioi?eaoe?e a oiiaao ?aeiino?oeoe?? i?iiia'?eo?a. //Aoae?aieoeoai Oe?a?ie. – 1998. – ? 6. – N. 16 - 18. 2.?iiaiooei ?.A., No??eaoeue O.O. ?ic?iaea a?oioo iiaeeco eiioi?eaoe?e iaeeie aoae?aaeueieie aeneaaaoi?aie. //Oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aoae?aieoeoaa a oiiaao oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei (Ca. iaoe. i?.). – E.: EAeOOAA, 1998. – Aei. 3. – N. 110 - 112. 3.Aaeyeia TH.?., No??eaoeue O.O. I?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/i? noaie aeei?enoaiiy iaeiaaaa?eoiiai caiea?eeii-o?ainii?oiiai iaeaaeiaiiy i?e ?aeiino?oeoe?? ia'?eo?a. //Oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aoae?aieoeoaa a oiiaao oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei (Ca. iaoe. i?.). – E.: EAeOOAA, 1997. – Aei. 2. – N. 101 - 104. 4.Aaeyeia TH.E., Eaaiaeei E.Ae., No?eeaoe O.O. I oaoiieiae/aneeo noaiao caieyiuo ?aaio a noani?iiuo oneiaeyo. //No?ieoaeueiia i?iecaiaenoai (Na. iao/i. o?.). – E.: AI IEENI, 1997. – Aui. 38. – N. 8 - 13. 5.Aaeyeia TH.?., ?aaiaeei ?.Ae., No??eaoeue O.O. I?i aaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?? caieyieo ?ia?o i?e ?aeiino?oeoe?? aoae?aaeue oa nii?oae. / «I?iaeaie oai??? ? i?aeoeee aoae?aieoeoaa» (Ca. iaoeia. no.), oii ???. – Euea?a: AeO «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea», 1997. – N. 13 - 17. AIIOAOe?ss No??eaoeue O.O. Oaoiieia?y noeoiiiai aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o i?e aeaoooaaii? i?aecaiieo eiioi?eaoe?e a oiiaao ?aeiino?oeoe?? i?aei?e?inoa. – ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.23.08 – oaoiieia?y i?iieneiaiai oa oeea?eueiiai aoae?aieoeoaa. – Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e, Ee?a, 1999. Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi aecia/aiiy ?aoe?iiaeueii? oaoiieia?? c aeaoooaaiiy i?aecaiieo eiioi?eaoe?e, yea aeicaieeoue ?aoe?iiae?coaaoe noi?uaiiy i?e aeeiiaii? ?aeiino?oeoeaieo aoae?aaeueieo ?ia?o a oiiaao, ui ci?iththoueny. A aeena?oaoe?? cai?iiiiiaaii oaoiieia?th noeoiiiai aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o, yea a?oioo?oueny ia caaacia/aii? caaeainiaaiiai aca?iiocaiaeaeaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a eiiieaeniiai i?ioeano oa ae?iaie/eo oiia. Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaiiai iiaeaethaaiiy aecia/ai? iaeano? aeei?enoaiiy ?aoe?iiaeueieo i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/ieo ??oaiue noeoiiiai aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o (i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/ieo noai ? eiiieaeo?a iaoei). ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy caaacia/othoue iiaeeea?noue i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue aoae?aaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa a aio/eeo oiiaao ?aeiino?oeoe?? i?aei?e?inoa. Eeth/ia? neiaa: noeoiia aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o, i?aecaii? eiioi?eaoe??, aeeiai?ea oiia ae?iaieoeoaa, ?aoe?iiaeueia oaoiieia?y, oaoiieia?/i? ia?aiao?e, aca?iiocaiaeaeaiiy, caaeainiaai?noue. AIIIOAOeEss No?eeaoe O.O. Oaoiieiaey niaieoiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa ?aaio i?e ono?ienoaa iiaecaiiuo eiiioieeaoeee a oneiaeyo ?aeiino?oeoeee i?aaei?eyoee. – ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/?iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.23.08 – oaoiieiaey i?iiuoeaiiiai e a?aaeaeaineiai no?ieoaeuenoaa. – Eeaaneee iaoeeiiaeueiue oieaa?neoao no?ieoaeuenoaa e a?oeoaeoo?u, Eeaa, 1999. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai ii?aaeaeaiey ?aoeeiiaeueiie oaoiieiaee i?e ono?ienoaa iiaecaiiuo eiiioieeaoeee, eioi?ay iicaieeo ?aoeeiiaeece?iaaoue niaiauaiea i?e i?iecaiaenoaa ?aeiino?oeoeaiuo no?ieoaeueiuo ?aaio a oneiaeyo, /oi eciaiythony. ?aeiino?oeoeey oa?aeoa?ecoaony neiaeiuie oneiaeyie i?iecaiaenoaa ?aaio. Eae i?aaeei, ?aeiino?oeoeaiua ?aaiou o?aaoaony auiieiyoue a i?aaeaeueii naeaoua n?iee, /oi i?eaiaeeo e cia/eoaeueiiio ianuuaieth cii i?iecaiaenoaa ?aaio ?aai/eie, iaoeiaie e iaoaieciaie, niaiauaieth auiieiaiey ?acee/iuo no?ieoaeueiuo i?ioeannia ia ioaeaeueiii ia?aie/aiiii o/anoea eee a iiiauaiee iauaeoa ?aeiino?oeoeee. Iinoiyiiua eciaiaiey oneiaee i?iecaiaenoaa ?aaio aneaaenoaea ia?aiauaiey ?aai/eo cii, i?eaiaeyo e iaiaeeiaeiaie yooaeoeaiinoe eniieueciaaiey aua?aiiuo i?aaiecaoeeiiii-oaoiieiae/aneeo ?aoaiee ia ?aciuo o/anoeao a i?ioeanna ono?ienoaa eiiioieeaoeee ia iauaeoa ?aeiino?oeoeee. Ianiaeaniaaiiinoue aeaenoaee o/anoieeia ?aeiino?oeoeee a oaeeo oneiaeyo i?eaiaeeo e iioa?yi ?aai/aai a?aiaie, i?inoiyi o?iioia ?aaio, a neaaenoaea /aai ia auiieiythony n?iee i?iaaaeaiey ?aeiino?oeoeee. Nouanoaothuea o?aaeeoeeiiiua iiaeoiaeu e ii?aaeaeaieth ?aoeeiiaeueiie oaoiieiaee auiieiaiey ?aaio ia oaeiaeaoai?ytho auaeaeaaaiua o?aaiaaiey e ia iiaoo iaania/eoue auai? i?aaiecaoeeiiii-oaoiieiae/aneiai ?aoaiey, eioi?ia aace?oaony ia ?aoeeiiaeueii iiaeia?aiiuo i?aaiecaoeeiiii-oaoiieiae/aneeo noaiao, noaaeeueiuo, ca eiee/anoaaiiui e ea/anoaaiiui ninoaaii, eiiieaeoao iaoei e a?eaaaea ?aai/eo. A aeenna?oaoeee i?aaeeiaeaii eniieueciaaoue oaoiieiaeth niaieoiiiai auiieiaiey ?aaio i?e ono?ienoaa iiaecaiiuo eiiioieeaoeee a oneiaeyo ?aeiino?oeoeee i?aaei?eyoee, eioi?ay iie?aaony ia iaania/aiea naaeaine?iaaiiiai acaeiiniaeaniaaiey oaoiieiae/aneeo ia?aiao?ia eiiieaeniiai i?ioeanna e oneiaee i?iecaiaenoaa ?aaio. Auee ?anniio?aiu oaeoi?u, ii?aaeaeythuea niaoeeoeeo niaieoiiiai auiieiaiey ?aaio, e i?aaeeiaeai iaoiae eiee/anoaaiiie ioeaiee eo aeeyiey i?e nouanoaothuae aeeiaieea ia?aiao?ia oneiaee i?iecaiaenoaa ?aaio. Ii?aaeaeaiu eiyooeoeeaiou, o/eouaathuea niaoeeoeeo niaieoiiiai auiieiaiey ?aaio i?e ii?aaeaeaiee nooi/iie au?aaioee eiiieaeniiai i?ioeanna. Ia iniiaa iiaeaee?iaaiey ii?aaeaeaiu iaeanoe eniieueciaaiey ?aoeeiiaeueiuo i?aaiecaoeeiiii-oaoiieiae/aneeo ?aoaiee niaieoiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa ?aaio (i?aaiecaoeeiiii-oaoiieiae/aneeo noai e eiiieaeoia iaoei). I?eiaieoaeueii e oaoiieiaee niaieoiiiai auiieiaiey ?aaio ii ono?ienoao iiaecaiiuo eiiioieeaoeee, iieo/eea aeaeueiaeoaa ?acaeoea iao/iay iaoiaeeea iaania/aiey naaeaine?iaaiiinoe aeaenoaee o/anoieeia ?aeiino?oeoeee. I?e yoii iaania/eaaaony acaeiiniaeaniaaiea oaoie/aneeo e oaoiieiae/aneeo ia?aiao?ia eiiieaeoia iaoei, a?eaaaeu ?aai/eo n i?iecaiaenoaaiiuie oneiaeyie ia iniiaa iieacaoaeae naaeaine?iaaiiinoe. Iieacaoaee naaeaine?iaaiiinoe – aaee/eiu, eioi?ua iicaieytho aeaeaoue auaiaeu ianeieueei ?aoeeiiaeueiui yaeyaony aua?aiiia ?aoaiea. A ?acoeueoaoa aeinoeaaaony iaeneiaeueiay noaiaiue iaoaiecaoeee no?ieoaeueiuo i?ioeannia, iao/ii-iainiiaaiiia eniieueciaaiea a oneiaeyo ?aeiino?oeoeee yooaeoeaiuo iaoei e iai?oaeiaaiey, /oi i?eaiaeeo e ?aoeeiiaeueiiio eniieueciaaieth ?ano?nia e ?aai/aai a?aiaie. ?ac?aaioaiu noaia e i?ia?aiiiia iaania/aiea, /oi iicaieeo yooaeoeaii eniieueciaaoue ?ac?aaioaiioth iaoiaeeeo ii?aaeaeaiey ?aoeeiiaeueiie oaoiieiaee niaieoiiiai auiieiaiey ?aaio ii ono?ienoao iiaecaiiuo eiiioieeaoeee ia aaca nia?aiaiiie eioi?iaoeeiiiie oaoiieiaee. Oaeei ia?acii ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiey iiaoo auoue aiaae?aiu a nouanoaothuoth nenoaio iiaeaioiaee e auiieiaieth no?ieoaeueii-iiioaaeiuo ?aaio a oneiaeyo ?aeiino?oeoeee, /oi iaania/eo aiciiaeiinoue iiauneoue yooaeoeaiinoue no?ieoaeueiiai i?iecaiaenoaa a aeaeeo oneiaeyo ?aeiino?oeoeee i?aaei?eyoee. Eeth/aaua neiaa: niaieoiiia i?iecaiaenoai ?aaio, iiaecaiiua eiiioieeaoeee, aeeiaieea oneiaee i?iecaiaenoaa, ?aoeeiiaeueiay oaoiieiaey, oaoiieiae/aneea ia?aiao?u, acaeiiniaeaniaaiea, naaeaine?iaaiiinoue. SUMMARY Strylets F. Technology of Cumulative Works Production for Lay the Underground Conduits in Conditions of Reconstruction of the Enterprises. – Manuscript. Thesis for the competition of Master of the Science in Technology degree by speciality 05.23.08 – The Technology of Industrial and Civil Building. – Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture, Kyiv, 1999. The dissertation is devoted to questions of definition of the rational technology of lay the underground conduits, which will allow to more rationalize overlapping under works production for reconstruction in conditions, which change. The technology of cumulative production is offered, which based on providing balanced coordination of technological parameters of complex process and conditions of performance of works. The areas of use of the rational organising technological decisions of cumulative works production (organising technological circuit designs and complete sets of machines) are determined on the basis of modeling. The results of research provide an opportunity to raise efficiency of building production in flexible conditions of reconstruction of the enterprises. Key words: cumulative works production, underground conduits, dynamics of conditions of production, rational technology, technological parameters, coordination, balance.

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