I?I?NOA?NOAI INA?OE OE?A?IE

AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO “EUeA?ANUeEA IIE?OAOI?EA”

Ia
i?aaao ?oeiieno

OAE?

Naia? Nae?i

OAeE 678.747

OAOIIEIA?ss IAeA?AEAIIss IAOOIIIE?IA?IEO NIIE

NI?AIE?AIIA?ECAOe??TH IEAO?IAI?NIEO

O?AEOe?E N5 ? N9

Niaoe?aeuei?noue: 05.17.04 – Oaoiieia?y i?iaeoeo?a i?aai?/iiai neioaco

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Euea?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? oaoiieia?? i?aai?/ieo i?iaeoeo?a

Aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: Caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie,

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Iie?ee ?aaai Ieeieaeiae/,

Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e oaoiieia?? i?aai?/ieo i?iaeoeo?a

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?i?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Oeaaiia Aieiaeeie? A?eoi?iae/,

Oe?a?inueea aeaaeai?y ae?oea?noaa (i.Euea?a),

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e oioi-, iie?a?ao?/ieo iaoa??ae?a ? o?i??

Eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Eiia/ Aaeeia ?aaai?aia,

AAO “Aaeeae” (i. Ai?eneaa),

?iaeaia?-o?i?e aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeueiiai ath?i

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee o?i?ei-oaoiieia?/iee

oi?aa?neoao (i.Aei?i?iiao?ianuee), eaoaae?a o?i?/ii?

oaoiieia?? i?aai?/ieo ?a/iaei.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 24 ”/a?aiy 1999 ?ieo i 1500 aiae. ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 35.052.07 o Aea?aeaaiiio
oi?aa?neoao? “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea” ca aae?anith: 290646, Euea?a-13,
ie.Na.TH?a 3/4, aoae.339.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e a?ae?ioaoe?
Aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea” (aoe. I?ioani?nueea,
1).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “ 20 ” o?aaiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 35.052.07,

aeieoi? o?i?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
AEeciaanueeee A.I.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe. ??ciiiai?oi? aaeoc? i?iieneiaino? niiaeeaathoue
aaeee? ianyae aei?iaeo oa aeao?oeeoieo i?iaeoeo?a i?e?iaeiiai
iioiaeaeaiiy. ?o cai?ia ia aeaoaa? oa aeinooii? neioaoe/i? i?iaeoeoe
ia? aaaeeeaa ia?iaeii-ainiiaea?nueea cia/aiiy. Iniaeeai aeooaeueiei ?
ciaioaiiy aeo?ao oa?/iai? ne?iaeie o ae?iaieoeoa? eaeioa?aiaeo
iaoa??ae?a, aea nueiaiaei? aeei?enoiaothoueny nioi? oeny/ oiii ie??.
Oae, ca aeaieie Aea?aeaaiiai Eii?oaoo noaoenoeee, iio?aaa
aioo??oiueiai ?eieo Oe?a?ie ioe?ith?oueny a 450 oen. oiii ie?? ui?ieo, c
yeeo aeecueei 100 oen. oiii aeei?enoiao?oueny i?iieneia?noth.

Iina?aae neioaoe/ieo cai?iiee?a i?iaeoeo?a i?e?iaeiiai iioiaeaeaiiy
iniaeeaa i?noea iin?aeathoue iecueeiiieaeoey?i? iaooiiie?ia?i? niiee
(IIN), ye? io?eiothoue c aeaoaai? iaooio?i?/ii? ne?iaeie. Caaaeyee
ca?eueoaiith iiooaeiinoae i??ie?cieo onoaiiaie iaea?aeothoue aaeeeo
e?euee?noue ??aeeeo i?iaeoeo?a i??ie?co (?II), eaae?o?eiaaia
aeei?enoaiiy yeeo ? iaiao?aeiith oiiaith aeey caaacia/aiiy
?aioaaaeueiino? oa aaca?aeoiaeiino? aoeeaiiaeo ae?iaieoeoa. O ca’yceo c
oei, ui neeaae ?II nooo?ai caeaaeeoue a?ae ne?iaeie, yea i?aeaea?oueny
i??ie?co, aeieea? iio?aaa a eiaeiiio aeiaaeeo aea/aoe iiaeeea?noue
iaea?aeaiiy IIN c eiie?aoii? iaooiai? ne?iaeie.

?iaioa i?iaiaeeeany ca?aeii eii?aeeiaoe?eiiai ieaio i?aeaoc?anueeeo
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo i?ia?ai I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie: oaia AeA/37.N3 “?ic?iaea
i?ioeano iaea?aeaiiy iaooiiie?ia?ieo niie — neioaoe/ieo cai?iiee?a
i?iaeoeo?a i?e?iaeiiai iioiaeaeaiiy”, ? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0196U000155
oa ca?aeii i?iaeoo 3.4/037 Aea?aeaaiiai oiiaeo ooiaeaiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue I?iiaoee Oe?a?ie “Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aaeoe?eii? caeaoiino?
iiiiia??a oa iiooe aenieiaoaeoeaieo ?i?oe?thth/eo oa eaoae?oe/ieo
nenoai aeey ie?aiia?ecaoe?? ae??i?a oa a??eaeeai?a o?aeoe?? N9”, ?
aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0197U000226.

Iaoa ?iaioe. Noai?aiiy oaoiieia?? iaea?aeaiiy iaooiiie?ia?ieo niie ia
iniia? aeine?aeaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae ?aaeeeaeueii? ni?aie?aiia?ecaoe??
iaiane/aieo aoaeaaiaei?a o?aeoe?e N5 ? N9 ??aeeeo i?iaeoeo?a i??ie?co ?
aeai?o iioeiaeueieo oiia oa aoaeoeaiiai ?i?oe?aoi?a i?ioeano, ui ia?
aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy aeey o?i?/ii? oa eaeioa?aiai? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. ?ic?iaeaii iaoeia? iniiae oaoiieia?? iaea?aeaiiy IIN
?aaeeeaeueiith ni?aie?aiia?ecaoe??th noi?o? iaiane/aieo aoaeaaiaei?a
o?aeoe?e N5 ? N9 ?II aeecaeueiiai iaeeaa. Aea/aii caeiiii??iino?
neioaco iaooiiie?ia?ieo niie o i?enooiino? aenieioa?iinoaa?eueieo
ia?ieneaeieo ?i?oe?aoi??a, ye? aeicaieythoue i?iaiaeeoe ie?aiia?ecaoe?th
i?e oaiia?aoo?? aei 473E oa ni?eythoue ca?eueoaiith eiiaa?n?? iiiiia??a
ne?iaeie ? aeoiaeo IIN. Anoaiiaeaii aca?iica’ycie i?ae aoaeiaith
ia?ieneaeieo ?i?oe?aoi??a oa ?o aoaeoeai?noth o ?aaeoe??
ie?aiia?ecaoe??. Iaoiaeaie ?* — niaeo?ineii?? oa aaci??aeeiii?
o?iiaoia?ao?? aeine?aeaeaii neeaae neioaciaaieo IIN. Iaoiaeii
iaoaiaoe/iiai ieaioaaiiy ?ic?aoiaai? oa aenia?eiaioaeueii ?aae?ciaai?
iioeiaeuei? oiiae ie?aiia?ecaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ?icoe?ththoue ?nioth/? oyaeaiiy i?i iaooiiie?ia?i? niiee
oa i?ioean ?o iaea?aeaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe. Noai?aii aaca?aeoiaeio oaoiieia?th
iaea?aeaiiy IIN ni?aie?aiia?ecaoe??th ieao?iai?nieo o?aeoe?e N5 ? N9 ?II
aeecaeueiiai iaeeaa. Ia AAO “I??aia” i?iaaaeaii aeine?aeii–i?iieneiao
ai?iaaoe?th ?ic?iaeaii? oaoiieia?? oa aeiouaii aenia?eiaioaeueio ia?o?th
IIN, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeaii a?aeiia?aeiei aeoii. Anoaiiaeaii iiaeeea?noue
i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy neioaciaaieo IIN aeey cai?ie ie?? a
eaeioa?aiaeo iaoa??aeao.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. O oiae? ii?aoethaaiiy oaie aeena?oaoe??
aeena?oaioii iniaenoi aoei aeeiiaii an? neioace IIN oa aeine?aeaeaii
eiiieaen ?o o?ceei–o?i?/ieo aeanoeainoae. Aeena?oaioo iaeaaeeoue
ae??oaeueia ?ieue a ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeeny ia:
VIII Oe?a?inuee?e eiioa?aioe?? c aenieiiieaeoey?ieo niieoe (Ee?a ,
1996), OVIII Oe?a?inuee?e eiioa?aioe?? c i?aai?/ii? o?i??
(Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998), ? Iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iinooi o
iaooiaaciia?a?iai?e oa iaooio?i?/i?e i?iieneiaino?” (Euea?a, 1998), a
oaeiae ui??/ieo iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo Aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea” (Euea?a, 1996-1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe aeeeaaeaiee o 4 iaoeiaeo noaooyo oa
4 oacao Anaoe?a?inueeeo oa ?aa?iiaeueieo iaoeiai–oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?e.

Ia’?i oa no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c
anooio, i’yoe ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a oa aeiaeaoeo. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia
ia 119 noi??ieao ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo, i?noeoue 35 oaaeeoeue oa 16
?enoie?a. Ia?ae?e iineeaiue neeaaea? 102 iaeiaioaaiiy.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe

?icae?e 1. E?oa?aoo?iee iaeyae

?icaeyiooi no/aniee noai a aaeoc? neioaco iaooiiie?ia?ieo niie.
I?iaiae?ciaai? iniiai? iaoiaee iaea?aeaiiy IIN ie?aiia?ecaoe??th
iaiane/aieo iiiiia??a iaooiai? ne?iaeie, a oaeiae oeyoe ?o i?aeoe/iiai
canoinoaaiiy. C?iaeaii e?eoe/iee iaeyae iaea?aeaiiy IIN ?aaeeeaeueiith
ie?aiia?ecaoe??th aoaeaaiaeiaaeo o?aeoe?e ?II. Iaa?oioiaaii aea??
?i?oe?aoi??a ie?aiia?ecaoe?? aeey neioaco IIN. Noi?ioeueiaaii iniiai?
caaaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

?icae?e 2. Ia’?eoe aeine?aeaeaiue oa iaoiaeeee i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaio?a

sse ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoiaoaaee o?aeoe?? N5 ? N9, ui ?
iia?/ieie i?iaeoeoaie ae?iaieoeoaa aoeeaio i??ie?cii aeecaeueiiai
iaeeaa ia AAO “I??aia” (i.Eaeoo) oa iathoue ianooii? oa?aeoa?enoeee:

o?aeoe?y N5: aonoeia 755ea/i3, iieaeoey?ia iana 70, a?iiia /enei 262a
Br2/100a, ai?no iaiane/aieo niieoe aei 65% ian, o o./. ?cii?aio 37.80%,
oeeeeiiaioaae??io 18.40%, iaioaae??io – 1,3 8.50%;

o?aeoe?y N9: aonoeia 921 ea/i3, iieaeoey?ia iana 125, a?iiia /enei 132
a Br2/100a, ai?no iaiane/aieo niieoe aei 45% ian, o o./. noe?ieo
17.85%, a?i?eoieoie?a 6.99%, aeeoeeeeiiaioaae??io 18.00%, ?iaeaio
1.25%.

Iiaeaii o?ceei-o?i?/i? iieacieee ia?ieneaeieo ?i?oe?aoi??a o??ie “Akzo”
(I?aea?eaiaee), ye? aeei?enoiaoaaee aeey neioaco IIN. Iaaaaeaii
iaoiaeeee i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue, aiae?co ?aaeoe?eii? noi?o? oa
i?iaeoeo?a ?aaeoe??; iienaii eiino?oeoe?th oa ?iaioo aenia?eiaioaeueii?
onoaiiaee.

Iniiaieie iaoiaeaie aiae?c?a aoee: oeo?eiao?e/iee (aecia/aiiy a?iiiiai
/enea), e??ineii?/iee (aecia/aiiy iieaeoey?ii? iane), e?eueoey ? eoeueee
(aecia/aiiy oaiia?aoo?e ?ici’yeoaiiy IIN), I* – niaeo?ineii?/iee
(aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaeo IIN), o?iiaoia?ao?/iee (aecia/aiiy o?i?/iiai
neeaaeo o?aeoe?e N5 ? N9 oa a?aeaii?a). Ia?iaea aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeaieo i?iaiaeeeanue c aeei?enoaiiyi eiii’thoa?a.

?icae?e 3. Neioac iaooiiie?ia?ieo niie ie?aiia?ecaoe??th o?aeoe?? N9

C iaoith iiooeo i?iieneiaeo aenieiaoaeoeaieo ?i?oe?aoi??a aeey
ni?aie?aiia?ecaoe?? iaiane/aieo aoaeaaiaei?a o?aeoe?? N9 ??aeeeo
i?iaeoeo?a i??ie?co, aoei i?iaaaeaii na??th aeine?aeaeaiue ?c
aeei?enoaiiyi ia?ieneaeieo ?i?oe?aoi??a o??ie “Akzo” (I?aea?eaiaee):
ia?ieneaeo aeeeao?i?eo (IAeE); ia?ieneaeo aeeaaici?eo (IAeA);
o?ao-aooeeia?ieneaaiciaoo (OAIA); a?ae?iia?ieneaeo eoi?eo (AIE);
a?ae?iia?ieneaeo o?ao-aooeeo (AIOA); ia?ieneaeo aeeeoi?eo (IAeE);
ia?ieneaeo o?ao-aooeeeoi?eo (IOAE); ia?ieneaeo aee-o?ao-aooeeo (IAeOA);
a?n–(o?ao-aooeeia?iene?cii?ii?e)-aaicieo (OAI?); a oaeiae
“iiiiia?ieneio” – noi?o?
1-(1-iaoee-1-o?ao-aooeeia?ieneaoee)-3-?cii?ii?eaaicieo ?
1-(1-iaoee-1-o?ao-ooeeia?ieneaoee)- 4-?cii?ii?eaaicieo (III).

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao ??cieo /eiiee?a ia ?i?oe?eiaaio
ie?aiia?ecaoe?th iaiane/aieo aoaeaaiaei?a o?aeoe?? N9 iieacothoue, ui
aonoeia ie?aiia?ecaoo oa aeo?ae IIN c?inoathoue ?c ca?eueoaiiyi
oaiia?aoo?e (?en.1), eiioeaio?aoe?? ?i?oe?aoi?a (oaae.1) oa o?eaaeino?
?aaeoe?? (?en.2). Iaeii/anii niinoa??aa?oueny ciaioaiiy a?iiiiai /enea
ie?aiia?ecaoo (?en.3-4).

Anoaiiaeaii, ui iaaaoeaiee aieea ia eie?? IIN iathoue oaiia?aoo?a
(?en.3) oa o?eaae?noue ?aaeoe?? (?en.4), oiae? ye eiioeaio?aoe?y
?i?oe?aoi?a ia aeacaiee iieaciee i?aeoe/ii ia aieeaa?. Aiaeii/an, ?c
ca?eueoaiiyi oaiia?aoo?e (?en.3) oa eiioeaio?aoe?? ?i?oe?aoi?a
ciaioo?oueny iieaeoey?ia iana IIN.

Aeuaaeacai? caeaaeiino? ni?aaaeaeothoueny i?e aeei?enoaii? on?o oei?a
?i?oe?aoi??a.

Oaaeeoey 1

Caeaaei?noue aeoiaeo IIN a?ae eiioeaio?aoe?? ?i?oe?aoi?a (O=473E, ?=7
aiae.)

N?i,

iieue/e Aeo?ae IIN, % ian

IAeE IAeA AIE AIOA OAIA IAeE IOAE IAeOA OAI? III

0,01 19,8 23,5 24,4 23,6 24,2 28,0 29,1 29,2 35,2 28,1

0,02 23,2 25,3 27,0 29,4 29,8 30,1 35,0 39,0 40,6 28,3

0,03 23,4 26,1 29,9 34,0 35,6 38,2 39,2 41,3 45,3 41,0

0,04 27,7 26,6 32,3 37,5 37,6 39,4 40,3 43,2 46,6 44,2

0,05 29,1 29,6 33,4 38,6 38,7 40,4 41,2 46,1 46,9 47,8

0,06 30,0 29,9 34,0 39,3 39,2 41,3 41,9 48,5 46,2 48,6

0,07 30,1 30,2 34,1 39,0 39,4 41,4 41,8 48,3 44,7 48,7

0,12 30,2 31,1 33,1 37,4 39,0 40,6 41,2 46,7 43,0 47,0

0,18 30,4 30,5 32,3 35,3 37,1 38,1 40,0 42,5 40,2 41,2

Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe i?aeoaa?aeaeo? (?en.5) c?inoaiiy eiiaa?n??
iiiiia??a o?aeoe?? N9 c i?aeaeuaiiyi oaiia?aoo?e oa o?eaaeino?
?aaeoe??. I?e oeueiio ie?aiia?ecaoe?y i?aeoe/ii cae?i/o?oueny ca 5…7
aiae. (i?e oaiia?aoo?? 473E), eiee aeinyaa?oueny noia?ia eiiaa?n?y
iiiiia??a 86,7…88,2%. I?aeaeuaiiy oaiia?aoo?e aeua 473 E
noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny iacia/iei i?e?inoii eiiaa?n?? (ia 1,4…2,0%) ? ?
iaaeioe?eueiei.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui c?inoaiith eiiaa?n?? iaiane/aieo aoaeaaiaei?a o?aeoe??
N9 ni?ey? ca?eueoaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? ?i?oe?aoi?a (oaae.2). I?ioa
aeei?enoaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?e aeua 0,05 iieue/e ? iaaeioe?eueiei, aaeaea,
iacaaaeath/e ia iiaeaeueoa iacia/ia i?aeaeuaiiy eiiaa?n??, i?aeoe/ii
i?eieiy?oueny i?aeaeuaiiy aeoiaeo IIN oa niinoa??aa?oueny aeayea eiai
ciaioaiiy, ui iiynith?oueny iaea?aeaiiyi aaeeei? e?eueeino?
iecueeiiieaeoey?iiai i?iaeoeoo.

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue, aeo?ae IIN (oaae.1) oa eiiaa?n?y
iiiiia??a (oaae.3) c?inoathoue i?e aeei?enoaii? ?i?oe?aoi??a:

ia?ieneaee aee?e?a > ia?ao??e > a?ae?iia?ieneaee > ia?ieneaee aoeee?a.

Iaeaoaeoeai?oeie ? ia?ieneaee, ye? i?noyoue o?ao–aooeeia?iene – oa
eoi?eiene – a?oie ? aaia?othoue iaoeeuei? ?aaeeeaee, o ii??aiyii? c
ia?ieneaeaie, ui ooai?ththoue oai?euei? ?aaeeeaee.

Oaaeeoey 2

Aieea eiioeaio?aoe?? ?i?oe?aoi?a ia eiiaa?n?th iaiane/aieo aoaeaaiaei?a
o?aeoe?? N9 (O= 473 E, SYMBOL 116 \f «Symbol» \s 12 =7 aiae.,
?i?oe?aoi? IAeOA)

Iaiane/ai?

Aoaeaaiaei? Eiiaa?n?y (%) i?e N?i (iieue/e)

0 0,01 0,02 0,03 0,04 0,05 0,07

Noe?ie 70,6 70,7 79,1 83,1 88,8 89,1 89,5

Ae?eaaicie 29,3 44,6 47,4 47,6 48,1 48,5 49,2

A?i?eoieoiee 41,3 63,3 74,6 78,3 81,2 82,6 83,1

SYMBOL 97 \f «Symbol» \s 12 -Iaoeenoe?ie 20.5 61,3 65,4 67,6 69,3 70,5
70,9

SYMBOL 98 \f «Symbol» \s 12 -Iaoeenoe?ie 20,1 57,1 60,4 62,3 62,7 62,9
62,8

?iaeai 20,0 55,9 59,3 61,0 64,7 65,1 66,0

Iaoee?iaeaie 18,3 49,2 55,3 58,6 60,2 61,3 61,7

Aeeoeeeeiiaioaae??i 54,5 85,1 96,7 96,5 96,7 96,8 96,8

Aeeia?e (OeIAe+iaoeeOeIAe) 51,6 70,2 82,7 86,9 88,0 88,8 89,1

Noia?ia eiiaa?n?y 54,8 73,0 83,2 85,7 88,2 88,7 89,0

Iecueea aoaeoeai?noue ia?ieneae?a aoeee?a iiynith?oueny aenieith
oaeaee?noth oa?i?/iiai ?iciaaeo a oiiaao ?aaeoe??. Ia?ao??e caeiathoue
i?ii?aeia i?noea ca oaeaee?noth oa?i?/iiai ?iciaaeo i?ae
aeeaoeeeia?ieneaeaie ? ia?ieneaeaie aee?e?a. Oiio ?o aeei?enoaiiy /a?ac
iecueeo oaiia?aoo?o ?iciaaeo oa aeaooiiaaacia/i?noue oaeiae ?
iaaeioe?eueiei i?e ae?iaieoeoa? IIN. Ia?ieneaee aee?e?a
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iecueeith oaeaee?noth oa?i?/iiai ?iciaaeo i?e
i?aeaeuaieo oaiia?aoo?ao ? ? iaeaoaeoeai?oeie i?e ie?aiia?ecaoe??
o?aeoe?? N9. Ie?aia i?noea caeiathoue a?ae?iia?ieneaee, ye?
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iaeaeuith oa?i?/iith no?ee?noth. I?ioa,
a?ae?iia?ieneaee aeoaea /ooeea? aei ai?noo ??cieo aeii?oie o nenoai?,
iayaiino? ? i?e?iaee ?ic/eiieea, oiio iaa?oue iaaaeee? e?eueeino?
?a/iaei, aeniea ii/aoeiaa eiioeaio?aoe?y a?ae?iia?ieneaeo iiaeooue
nooo?ai i?eoaeaeoeoe ?o oa?iie?c.

Ioe?ithth/e aoaeoeai?noue ia?ieneae?a aee?e?a a ?aaeoe?? ie?aiia?ecaoe??
o?aeoe?? N9 iiaeia eiinoaiooaaoe, ui ia?ieneaee, ye? i?noyoue
o?ao-aooeeia?iene-a?oie caaacia/othoue aeaui aeu? aeoiaee IIN, i?ae
eoi?eia?ieneaee. sse iaeei ?c iaaeie?e?a eoi?eia?ieneae?a iio??aii
a?aecia/eoe ? ooai?aiiy i?e ?o ?iciaae? aenieioiene/iiai aoeaoioaiiio.

Ie?aii ne?ae ?icaeyaeaoe aeei?enoaiiy OAI?, yeee ia? aea? ia?ieneaei?
-0-0- a?oie, ui ?iciaaeathoueny iine?aeiaii. I?e oeueiio iiiiia?ieneae,
yeee ooai?eany ia ia?o?e noaae??, ca ?aooiie iayaieo
aeaeo?iiiaeoeaioi?ieo ea?aii?eueii? aai a?ae?ieneeueii? a?oi
a?aecia/a?oueny i?aeaeuaiith oa?i?/iith no?ee?noth. Oiio OAI? ?
aoaeoeaiei i?e ie?aiia?ecaoe?? o?aeoe?? N9 iaa?oue i?e iaaenie?e eiai
eiioeaio?aoe?? (0,3…0,4 iieue/e). Aiae?coth/e aieea i?e?iaee
?i?oe?aoi?a ia eiiaa?n?th iiiiia??a o?aeoe?? N9 (oaae.3), a?aecia/eii
iaeaeuo aoaeoeai?noue oa?iinoaa?eueieo ia?ieneae?a (IAeE, IOAE, IAeOA),
ye? caaacia/othoue i?aeoe/ii iaeiaeiao c III (88,9%) eiiaa?n?th
iiiiia??a, % a?aeiia?aeii: 87,2; 88,0; 89,0. Cia/ii ieae/ith ?
eiiaa?n?y iiiiia??a i?e aeei?enoaii? a?ae?iia?ieneae?a (80,8–82,3%) oa
aoeeeueieo ia?ieneae?a (75,1–75,9%).

Oaaeeoey 3

Caeaaei?noue eiiaa?n?? iaiane/aieo aoaeaaiaei?a o?aeoe?? N9 (%) a?ae
i?e?iaee ?i?oe?aoi?a (O=473 E, SYMBOL 116 \f «Symbol» \s 12 =7
aiae., eiioeaio?aoe?y ?i?oe?aoi?a= 0,04 iieue/e)

Iaiane/ai? aoaeaaiaei? ?i?oe?aoi?

IAeE IAeA AIE AIOA OAIA IAeE IOAE IAeOA OAI? III

Noe?ie 80,3 80,1 81,0 81,3 81,4 87,3 88,3 89,5 84,1 87,7

Ae?eaaicie 37,2 39,2 40,8 40,6 42,8 40,9 40,4 49,2 47,8 45,1

A?i?eoieoiee 50,8 50,1 70,3 72,1 79,6 81,2 82,0 83,1 82,1 84,6

SYMBOL 97 \f «Symbol» \s 12 -Iaoeenoe?ie 60,9 56,9 66,3 65,1 59,4 68,5
67,4 70,9 59,8 70,5

SYMBOL 98 \f «Symbol» \s 12 -Iaoeenoe?ie 50,7 53,1 54,1 56,2 50,1 57,6
52,1 62,8 53,6 59,4

?iaeai 29,4 28,5 32,1 38,0 45,6 60,3 61,4 66,0 49,2 60,4

Iaoee?iaeaie 27,3 27,8 30,2 36,2 43,3 55,7 54,1 61,7 46,1 58,6

AeOeIAe 84,1 87,1 91,4 93,7 94,2 95,6 97,3 96,8 95,1 95,8

Aeeia?e(OeIAe+

iaoeeOeIAe) 80,5 81,2 83,9 85,2 87,3 88,2 88,0 89,1 90,2 93,9

Noi. eiiaa?n?y 75,1 75,9 80,8 82,3 83,8 87,2 88,0 89,0 86,0 88,9

Aeoiaey/e c aeiiii?/ieo i??eoaaiue, c aee?eia?ieneae?a aeey
i?iieneiaiai aeei?enoaiiy ie ?aeiiaiaeo?ii ia?ieneae aee-o?ao-aooeeo,
yeee oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iaaenieith aa?o?noth ?, aiaeii/an, aenieith
aoaeoeai?noth o ?aaeoe?? ie?aiia?ecaoe?? o?aeoe?? N9.

Uiaei aeoeaiino? iiiiia??a o?aeoe?? N9 o ?aaeoe?? ni?aie?aiia?ecaoe??,
oi ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue ?o iiaeia ?ici?noeoe a ?yae:
aeeoeeeeiiaioaae??i > aeeia?e oeeeeiiaioaae??io+iaoeeoeeeeiiaioaae??io >
noe?ie > a?i?eoieoiee > iaoeenoe?iee > ?iaeai > iaoee?iaeaie >
ae?eaaicie.

Aeey aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueieo oiia ie?aiia?ecaoe?? i?iaaaeaii
aeine?aeaeaiiy c aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiaeo ieaioaaiiy aenia?eiaioo. O
?acoeueoao? iaea?aeaee ??aiyiiy ?aa?an??, ye? aaeaeaaoii iienothoue
caeaaei?noue aeoiaeo IIN (A), ?o eieuei?o (E) oa a?iiiiai /enea (A*)
a?ae eiioeaio?aoe?? ?i?oe?aoi?a (N?i), oaiia?aoo?e (O) ? o?eaaeino?
ie?aiia?ecaoe?? (?):

A = 80,17 + 90,00N?i + 0,17O + ? – 1,88 N?iO – 11,67N?i o – 0,02O o
(1)

K = -177,24 + 0,38T + 2,50 o (2)

A* = 55,84 — 72,50C?i — 0,14T — 1,03 o + 0,42 C?i T o
(3)

Iioei?caoe?th ie?aiia?ecaoe?? o?aeoe?? N9 i?iaiaeeee, ?ica’ycoth/e
nenoaio ??aiyiue (1-3) c iaoith iaea?aeaiiy iaeneiaeueiiai aeoiaeo IIN,
ui oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iaeneiaeueiei a?iiiei /eneii oa i?i?iaeueiei
iieacieeii eieuei?o. A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaieo ia?aooie?a aecia/aii
iioeiaeuei? oiiae ie?aiia?ecaoe??: eiioeaio?aoe?y ?i?oe?aoi?a (IAeOA)
0,06iieue/e; oaiia?aoo?a 473E; o?eaae?noue ie?aiia?ecaoe?? 7 aiae.

C iaoith ii??aiyiiy aeoiaeo oa yeino? IIN, iaea?aeaieo oa?i?/iith,
?i?oe?eiaaiith oa eaoae?oe/iith ie?aiia?ecaoe?yie, aoei neioaciaaii IIN
ia iniia? o?aeoe?? N9 a iioeiaeueieo aeey eiaeiiai iaoiaeo oiiaao.
Oa?i?/io ie?aiia?ecaoe?th i?iaiaeeee i?e oaiia?aoo?? 523E (o?eaae?noue 6
aiae); ?i?oe?eiaaio – c canoinoaaiiyi 0,06 iieue/e (0,95% ian.) IAeOA
i?e 473E i?ioyaii 7 aiae.; eaoae?oe/io – o i?enooiino? eiiieaeno AlCl3
c oieoieii ? aiaeith (EOAO) i?e 353E i?ioyaii 2,5 aiae. (eiioeaio?aoe?y
eaoae?caoi?a 2% ian. ia ne?iaeio, ianiaa ni?aa?aeiioaiiy eiiiiiaio?a
AlNl3:oieoie:aiaea=1:1,2:0,08). Anoaiiaeaii (oaae.4), ui i?e iaeiaeia?e
oaiia?aoo?? ?ici’yeoaiiy IIN, iaea?aeaia ?i?oe?eiaaiith
ie?aiia?ecaoe??th, ia? aeuo iieaeoey?io iano oa e?auee eie??, i?ae IIN,
iaea?aeaia oa?i?/iith ie?aiia?ecaoe??th. I?e oeueiio aeo?ae IIN, ?o
a?iiia /enei, ?ic/eii?noue a oaeo-ni??eo? oa noi?ni?noue c ieneaeiaaiith
ie??th i?aeoe/ii iaeiaeia?.

Oaaeeoey 4

Oiiae neioaco, eiiaa?n?y iiiiia??a, aeo?ae oa iniiai?

o?ceei-o?i?/i? iieacieee IIN, iaea?aeaieo ie?aiia?ecaoe??th o?aeoe?? N9

Oiiae neioaco, eiiaa?n?y iiii-ia??a, aeo?ae ? iieacieee IIN
Ie?aiia?ecaoe?y

Oa?i?/ia ?i?oe?eiaaia Eaoae?oe/ia

Oaiia?aoo?a ?aaeoe??, E

Oene, IIa

O?eaae?noue ?aaeoe??, aiae.

Eiioeaio?aoe?y eaoae?caoi?a

(?i?oe?aoi?a), % ian.

Eiiaa?n?y iiiiia??a,%

Aeo?ae IIN, % (ian.)

A?iiia /enei IIN, a Br2 /100 a

Eie?? IIN, ia ?2 /100 ni3

Iieaeoey?ia iana IIN

Oaiia?aoo?a ?ici’yeoaiiy, E 523

0,9

6

89,7

48,9

67,6

50

580

358 473

0,4

7

0,95

88,9

48,5

61,3

20

680

358 353

2,5

2.0

95,6

55,0

31,9

100

690

369

IIN, iaea?aeaia eaoae?oe/iith ie?aiia?ecaoe??th, oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
cia/ii aeuei aeoiaeii (55%) o ii??aiyii? c IIN, ui neioaciaai?
oa?i?/iith (48,9%) aai ?i?oe?eiaaiith (48,5%) ie?aiia?ecaoe?yie. I?e
oeueiio oaiia?aoo?a ?aaeoe?? (353E) ? cia/ii ieae/ith, i?ae i?e
oa?i?/i?e (523E) oa ?i?oe?eiaai?e (473E) ie?aiia?ecaoe??, ui aeicaiey?
i?iaiaeeoe i?ioean i?e aoiinoa?iiio oeneo; iniiaiee iaaeie?e – aenieee
iieaciee eieuei?o oa iaaeniea iaiane/ai?noue iaea?aeaieo IIN, ui
iaiaaeo? iiaeaeueoa ?o aeei?enoaiiy.

?icae?e 4. Iaea?aeaiiy iaooiiie?ia?ieo niie ni?aie?aiia?ecaoe??th

o?aeoe?e N5 ? N9

C iaoith aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueieo oiia neioaco IIN ie?aiia?ecaoe?th
o?aeoe?? N5 i?iaiaeeee o i?enooiino? oa?iinoaa?eueieo ia?ieneaeieo
?i?oe?aoi??a — a?ae?iia?ieneae?a oa aee?eia?ieneae?a. O ?acoeueoao?
aeine?aeaeaiue onoaiiaeaii, ui c ?inoii oaiia?aoo?e oa o?eaaeino?
ie?aiia?ecaoe?? ca?eueoo?oueny aonoeia ie?aiia?ecaoo oa aeo?ae IIN
(oaae.5). Iaeii/ania ciaioaiiy a?iiiiai /enea ie?aiia?ecaoo aeaco? ia
iiceoeaiee aieea aeuaiacaaieo /eiiee?a ia ia?aa?a ie?aiia?ecaoe??.
I?ioa, oaiia?aoo?a oa o?eaae?noue ?aaeoe?? iaaaoeaii aieeaathoue ia
ye?noue IIN.

Oaaeeoey 5

Caeaaei?noue aeoiaeo ? iieaciee?a IIN a?ae oiia ie?aiia?ecaoe??

(?i?oe?aoi? – IAeOA, eiioeaio?aoe?y ?i?oe?aoi?a – 0,05 iieue/e,
ne?iaeia – o?.N5)

Oiiae ie?aiia?ecaoe?? n , ea/i3 A* ie?-aiia?., aBr2/100a Aeo?ae IIN,

% ian O ?ici. IIN, E A* IIN, aBr2/100a Iie. iana IIN Eie?? IIN, ia
I2/100ni3

O, E o , aiae ?, IIa

373 1

3

5

7

9 0,6 759

765

772

783

786 198

186

173

143

140 2,1

4,9

8,8

13,8

14,5 —

343

345 147

145

142

141

140 130

150

165

185

190 3

4

5

7

7

398 1

3

5

7

9 0,8 774

798

809

814

817 177

140

114

99

94 9,5

13,8

17,6

20,2

21,8 —

344

353

355 136

131

128

126

125 135

160

170

195

200 5

7

10

15

20

423 1

3

5

7

9 1,2 791

812

829

839

840 144

100

93

87

84 14,3

19,5

23,7

25,1

25,3 354

357

358

361

359 122

118

115

112

110 150

165

175

190

205 7

10

15

20

20…30

458 1

3

5

7

9 1,6 807

826

835

844

845 121

96

89

83

81 17,1

22,6

24,5

26,0

26,3 356

358

358

363

365 109

106

105

104

102 160

180

190

220

230 10

15

20

20…30

30

473 1

3

5

7

9 2,0 816

831

840

848

849 99

90

85

81

80 20,5

24,2

25,4

26,3

26,5 357

361

364

360

358 100

96

93

91

90 170

195

220

250

270 15

20

20…30

30

40

498 1

3

5

7

9 2,4 824

839

846

851

852 96

86

82

80

79 21,8

25,2

26,0

26,7

26,9 358

366

363

359

358 92

90

89

85

83 180

210

260

310

330 20…30

30

30

40

50…60

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee (oaae.6), ui oaiia?aoo?a oa
o?eaae?noue

?aaeoe?? ni?eythoue i?aeaeuaiith eiiaa?n?? iniiaieo niieiooai?thth/eo
eiiiiiaio?a o?aeoe?? N5 — oeeeeiiaioaae??io (OeIAe), ?cii?aio ?
iaioaae??io-1,3. Ca eiiaa?n??th iiiiia?e o?aeoe?? N5 iiaeia ?ici?noeoe
a ?yae: oeeeeiiaioaae??i > ?cii?ai > iaioaae??i-1,3. I?e oeueiio, yeui
OeIAe aeoeaiee aaea i?e oaiia?aoo?? 373E (eiiaa?n?y 89,2% i?e ?=7
aiae.), oi eiiaa?n?y ?cii?aio ? iaioaae??io-1,3 i?e oe?e oaiia?aoo?? ia
ia?aaeuo? 22,0 oa 20,0%, a?aeiia?aeii. Oiio i?aeaeuai? oaiia?aoo?e
ni?eythoue i?e?inoo eiiaa?n??, a iniiaiiio, oeeo aeaio iiiiia??a.
A?aoiaoth/e aenieee ai?no ?cii?aio o ne?iaei? (37,8%ian.), i?e??no eiai
eiiaa?n?? nooo?ai aieeaa? ? ia aeo?ae IIN.

Oaaeeoey 6

Caeaaei?noue eiiaa?n?? aoaeaaiaei?a o?aeoe?? N5 a?ae oaiia?aoo?e

(?i?oe?aoi? – IAeOA; N?i=0,05 iieue/e)

O, E *an, aiae. OeIAe ?cii?ai Iaioaae??i-1,3 Aeo?ae IIN, % ian

373 1

3

5

7 45,0

57,0

87,5

89,2 8,2

12,5

19,7

21,2 8,0

12,0

18,2

19,1 2,1

4,9

8,8

13,8

423 1

3

5

7 56,5

80,2

89,5

95,5 19,0

22,4

29,5

35,7 18,1

21,5

24,4

25,9 14,3

19,5

23,7

25,1

473 1

3

5

7 71,5

88,7

97,8

98,9 31,4

56,5

67,8

77,6 20,4

35,5

45,0

52,3 20,5

24,2

25,4

26,3

?acoeueoaoe iiceoeaiiai aieeao eiioeaio?aoe?? ?i?oe?aoi?a ia ia?aa?a
ie?aiia?ecaoe?? i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue aeai?, iaaaaeai? a oaae.7.

Ioaea, o ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aea?aii aoaeoeaiee
?i?oe?aoi? ie?aiia?ecaoe?? o?aeoe?? N5 – IAeOA oa aecia/aii iioeiaeuei?
oiiae ?aaeoe??: oaiia?aoo?a 423E; o?eaae?noue 7 aiae.; eiioeaio?aoe?y
?i?oe?aoi?a 0,07 iieue/e. A iioeiaeueieo oiiaao iaea?aeo?oueny IIN c
ianooiieie iieacieeaie: a?iiia /enei 112…115 a Br2/100 a; eie?? 15…20 ia
I2/100ni3; iieaeoey?ia iana 175…178; oaiia?aoo?a ?ici’yeoaiiy 358…361E.

Oaaeeoey 7

Caeaaei?noue aeoiaeo IIN a?ae eiioeaio?aoe?? ?i?oe?aoi?a

(O=423 E; ?=1,2IIa; o=7 aiae.; ne?iaeia — o?aeoe?y N5)

N?i, iieue/e III IAeOA AIOA AIE IOAE IAeE OAI?

0,01

0,03

0,05

0,07

0,09

0,11

0,13

0,15 19,1

19,9

22,4

25,0

26,4

27,3

27.5

26,7 20,2

23,6

25,1

26,3

27,0

27,7

28,5

28,3 19,9

22,1

24,2

26,5

26,8

27,1

27,2

26,5 19,6

21,8

23,4

25,4

26,4

27,0

27,1

26,6 19,0

20,1

23,2

25,1

26,1

27,0

27,5

26,7 18,7

19,8

20,6

23,3

26,2

27,7

27,9

26,4 22,1

25,2

26,8

27,7

28,4

28,9

28,2

27,5

I?ioa, caaaeath/e ia iaaenieee aeo?ae iaea?aeaieo IIN (~25…27% ian),
iiaeaeueo? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeee oeyoii ni?aie?aiia?ecaoe??
iaiane/aieo aoaeaaiaei?a o?aeoe?e N5 ? N9. sse aeaeii c iaea?aeaieo
?acoeueoao?a (oaae.8-9), aieea oaiia?aoo?e, o?eaaeino? ?aaeoe?? oa
eiioeaio?aoe?? ?i?oe?aoi?a ia aeo?ae ? oa?aeoa?enoeee ni?aie?aiia?ii?
IIN aiaeia?/iee, ye ? i?e ie?aiia?ecaoe?? o?aeoe?? N5 aai o?aeoe?? N9.
Ca iaea?aeaieie ?acoeueoaoaie aeoiaeo oa iaiane/aii?noth IIN ne?iaeio,
ui aeei?enoiao?oueny aeey ?o neioaco, iiaeia ?ici?noeoe a ?yae
(i?aeae-uaiiy aeoiaeo oa ciaioaiiy iaiane/aiino?): o?aeoe?y N9 >
o?aeoe?y N5 + o?aeoe?y N9 > o?aeoe?y N5.

Oaaeeoey 8

Caeaaei?noue aeoiaeo oa iieaciee?a IIN a?ae oiia ni?aie?aiia?ecaoe??.

(?i?oe?aoi? – IAeOA, N?i=0,05 iieue/e, ianiaa ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
o?.N5:o?.N9 =1:1)

Oiiae ni?aie?aiia?ecaoe?? n ie?-aiia?., ea/i3 Aeo?ae IIN, % ian O?ici.
IIN, E A* IIN, rBr2/ 100a Eie?? IIN,

maI2/100 ni3 Iie. Iana IIN

O, E ?,IIa o , aiae.

423 0,6 1

3

5

7 875

898

910

918 16,2

23,4

28,5

31,0 353

355

356

357 112

101

95

92 20

20…30

30

30…40 590

610

620

630

448 0,9 1

3

5

7 891

913

921

925 21,0

29,7

31,8

33,2 354

358

360

359 110

97

91

87 20…30

30

40

40 520

550

580

590

473 1,3 1

3

5

7 905

919

925

928 25,1

30,2

33,8

36,0 353

355

357

358 102

93

87

84 30

30…40

40

50 500

530

550

570

498 1,7 1

3

5

7 919

925

928

930 29,5

33,1

36,2

37,4 355

359

358

360 97

86

80

77 30…40

40

50

60 470

500

520

540

Oaaeeoey 9

Caeaaei?noue aeoiaeo ? iieaciee?a IIN a?ae eiioeaio?aoe?? IAeOA

(O= 473 E; o?eaae?noue 7aiae.; ianiaa ni?aa?aeiioaiiy o?.N5 : o?. N9=
1:1)

N?i, iieue/e Aeo?ae IIN, % ian O?ici., E A* IIN,

aAr2/100a Eie?? IIN, iaI2/100ni3 Iie. iana

0,01 30,2 354 89 50…60 670

0,03 33,7 356 86 50 590

0,05 36,0 358 84 50 550

0,07 36,5 358 80 50…60 510

0,09 36,7 357 75 50 490

Aiae?coth/e ?acoeueoaoe aieeao ianiaiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy o?aeoe?y N5 :
o?aeoe?y N9 ia aeo?ae ? iieacieee IIN (oaae.10) iiaeia eiinoaiooaaoe, ui
?c ca?eueoaiiyi e?eueeino? aoaeaaiaei?a N5, ye? acyoi aeey
ni?aie?aiia?ecaoe??, ciaioo?oueny aeo?ae IIN, aea, aiaeii/an,
iie?auo?oueny ?? ye?noue (cie?aia a?iiia /enei oa eie??). I?aeaeuaiee
ai?no aoaeaaiaei?a N9 caaacia/o? aeu? aeoiaee IIN, aea ?? ye?noue i?e
oeueiio aeaui iia??oo?oueny.

I?ioa, i?aeoe/ii a on?o aeiaaeeao ni?aie?aiia?ecaoe?? noi?o? o?aeoe?e N5
? N9 niinoa??aa?oueny iia??oaiiy eieuei?o IIN o ii??aiyii? c IIN,
iaea?aeaieie ia iniia? o?aeoe?? N5 aai o?aeoe?? N9. Oeae iaaaoeaiee oaeo
nooo?ai iaiaaeo? aeei?enoaiiy iaea?aeaii? IIN. Oiio iiaeaeueoee neioac
IIN i?iaiaeeee o aea? noaae??: ia ? noaae?? ia iniia? o?aeoe?? N5
iaea?aeoaaee iecueeiiieaeoey?iee ie?aiia?, yeee i?ney a?aeae?eaiiy
aoaeaaiaei?a, ui iai?i?aaaoaaee, ia ?? noaae?? ie?aiia?ecoaaee aai
ni?aie?aiia?ecoaaee c o?aeoe??th N9.

Oaaeeoey 10

Caeaaei?noue aeoiaeo ? iieaciee?a IIN a?ae ni?aa?aeiioaiiy o?aeoe?y
N5:o?aeoe?y N9 (?i?oe?aoi? – IAeOA; N?i=0,05 iieue/e; O=473E; o=7 aiae)

Ian. ni?aa?aei. o?. N5 : o?. N9 Aeo?ae IIN, % ian O?ici., E A* IIN,
aAr2/100a Eie?? IIN, ia I2/100ni3 Iie. iana IIN

5:1 29,8 355 98 30 440

2,5:1 33,4 357 89 40 510

1:1 36,0 358 84 50 550

1:2,5 37,1 359 76 50…60 590

1:5 37,8 358 70 60 650

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iieacothoue (oaae.11), ui a oiiaao
aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoaiiy ?i?oe?aoi?a (IAeOA) caaacia/o?, ye i?aaeei,
ia 10…12% ian. aeu? aeoiaee noi?o? aeeia??a oa ie?aiia??a o?aeoe?? N5
(o?aeoe?y 393…473 E), i?ae i?e i?iaaaeaii? i?ioeano a aiaeia?/ieo
oiiaao, aea aac ?i?oe?aoi?a. Ia iniia? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo
c?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/iee iien noaae?? ie?aiia?ecaoe?? o?aeoe?? N5 c
iaea?aeaiiyi noi?o? aeeia??a oa ??aeeeo ie?aiia??a:

A = 7,94 + 7,00 N?i + 0,08 O + 1,15 o – 7,50 N?i o
(4)

A* = 393,80 – 500,00 N?i – 0,60 O – 5,00 o
(5)

Aecia/aii iioeiaeuei? oiiae noaae?? ie?aiia?ecaoe?? o?aeoe?? N5:
eiioeaio-?aoe?y ?i?oe?aoi?a 0,05 iieue/e; oaiia?aoo?a 423 E; o?eaae?noue
3 aiae.

Oaaeeoey 11

Caeaaei?noue aeoiaeo o?aeoe?? 393…473 E a?ae oiia ie?aiia?ecaoe??

o?aeoe?? N5 (?i?oe?aoi? IAeOA)

o, aiae. N?i, iieue/e Aeo?ae o?aeoe?? 393…473 E, % ian. i?e oaiia?aoo??

423E 448E 473E

1 0

0,025

0,05

0,075 34,2

42,7

45,3

46,5 37,5

45,4

48,3

49,8 39,2

47,0

50,6

52,1

3 0

0,025

0,05

0,075 37,1

44,8

48,4

50,1 39,8

47,5

50,5

54,2 41,0

49,8

52,9

53,4

5 0

0,025

0,05

0,075 38,5

48,0

50,6

50,9 40,6

50,8

52,0

53,6 41,8

51,9

53,8

54,3

Iiaeaeueoo ie?aiia?ecaoe?th noi?o? aeeia??a ? ??aeeeo ie?aiia??a
o?aeoe?? N5 i?iaiaeeee o iaaeao oaiia?aoo? 423…498 E i?ioyaii 1…9 aiae.
o i?enooiino? IAeOA. Iaaeae?, aaeooiiith ?icaiieith ie?aiia?ecaoo
iaea?aeoaaee IIN ?c oaiia?aoo?ith ?ici’yeoaiiy 358 E. ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue iaaaaeaii a oaae.12.

Iioeiaeueieie oiiaaie neioaco IIN ia iniia? noi?o? aeeia??a oa ??aeeeo
ie?aiia??a o?aeoe?? N5 ?: oaiia?aoo?a 473 E, o?eaae?noue 7 aiae.,
eiioeaio?aoe?y ?i?oe?aoi?a 0,05 iieue/e.

C iaoith iie?aoaiiy yeino? IIN (i?aeaeuaiiy iaiane/aiino?, iie?auaiiy
eieuei?o), iaea?aeaii? ia iniia? o?aeoe?? N9, aeioe?eueii i?iaiaeeoe
ni?aie?aiia?ecaoe?th o?aeoe?? N9 c noi?ooth aeeia??a oa ??aeeeo
ie?aiia??a o?aeoe?? N5.

Oaaeeoey 12

Caeaaei?noue aeoiaeo oa iieaciee?a IIN a?ae oiia ie?aiia?ecaoe?? noi?o?
aeeia??a oa ??aeeeo ie?aiia??a o?aeoe?? N5 (N?i=0,05iieue/e; ?i?oe?aoi?
IAeOA)

O, E o, aiae. Aeo?ae IIN, % ian. ia o?aeoe?th N5 O?ici., E A* IIN,
aBr2/100a Iie. iana IIN Eie?? IIN, ia ?2/100 ni3

423 1

3

5

7

9 21,2

25,4

26,7

27,7

28,4 358

361

362

360

361 125

121

119

118

117 570

602

620

628

630 5

7

10

10…15

15

448 1

3

5

7

9 24,7

28,4

31,2

33,2

34,1 357

359

359

358

360 119

112

109

107

106 576

609

616

619

621 7

10

10…15

15

15

473 1

3

5

7

9 26,2

31,4

35,5

37,8

38,5 359

358

361

364

363 107

97

93

90

89 568

587

602

610

613 7

10

15

15

20

498 1

3

5

7

9 27,4

32,5

36,7

38,9

39,8 358

360

361

363

362 99

87

81

78

75 556

574

590

603

606 10

15

20

20…30

30

C iaoith aecia/aiiy aieeao ??cieo /eiiee?a ia aeo?ae ? iieacieee IIN
ni?aie?aiia?ecaoe?th i?iaiaeeee o iaaeao oaiia?aoo? 448…498E i?ioyaii
5…9 aiae. o i?enooiino? 0,03…0,07 iieue/e IAeOA. ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao ianiaiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ie?aiia??a o?aeoe?? N5:
o?aeoe?y N9 ia aeo?ae ? iieacieee IIN iaaaaeaii a oaae.13. Iaeaeuee
aeo?ae ni?aie?aiia?ii? IIN (43,2%) aeinyaa?oueny i?e ianiaiio
ni?aa?aeiioaii? noi?o? aeeia??a oa ??aeeeo ie?aiia??a o?aeoe?? N5 :
o?aeoe?y N9 = 1:1. Aeaia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ? iioeiaeueiei aeey
caaacia/aiiy oi?ioi? yeino? IIN.

Oaaeeoey 13

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao ianiaiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ie?aiia??a o?.N5:o?.N9 ia
aeo?ae ? iieacieee IIN (O=473E; o=7 aiae.; N?i=0,05 iieue/e, ?i?oe?aoi?
– IAeOA)

Ian. ni?a?aei. ie?aiia?. o?.N5 : o?.N9 ?, IIa n ie?aiia?., ea/i3 Aeo?ae
IIN,

% ian. O?ici. IIN, E A* IIN, aBr2/100a Eie?? IIN, ia?2/100ni3 Iie. iana
IIN

6:1

2,5:1

1:1

1:2,5

1:6 1,1

0,8

0,7

0,6

0,4 977

980

981

982

985 42,3

43,0

43,2

41,3

39,8 358

356

358

359

357 87

81

78

72

69 15

15

15…20

20

20…30 620

630

670

690

710

Ia iniia? ia?iaee aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo c?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/iee iien
noaae?? ni?aie?aiia?ecaoe?? noi?o? aeeia??a oa ??aeeeo ie?aiia??a
o?aeoe?? N5 c

iaiane/aieie aoaeaaiaeiyie o?aeoe?? N9 :

A = 178,48 + 146,25 N?i + 0,10 O + 1,15 o – 1,40 N?i O – 1,05N?iO o
(6)

A* = 108,39 – 250,00N?i – 0,22O – 1,88 o + 0,03O o
(7)

E = -573,39 + 144,00N?i + 0,35O + 2,69 o + 4,26N?iO + 0,09O o
(8)

Aecia/aii iioeiaeuei? oiiae neioaco ni?aie?aiia?ii? IIN: eiioeaio?aoe?y
?i?oe?aoi?a – 0,05 iieue/e; oaiia?aoo?a ?aaeoe?? – 473E; o?eaae?noue – 7
aiae. Iaea?aeaia IIN a?aecia/a?oueny oi?ioei eieuei?ii oa i?aeaeuaiith
iaiane/ai?noth ? iiaea aeei?enoiaoaaoeny aeey iaea?aeaiiy aenieiye?nieo
eaeioa?aiaeo iaoa??ae?a.

?icae?e 5. Oaoiieia?y ae?iaieoeoaa iaooiiie?ia?ieo niie

oa ?o canoinoaaiiy

Ia iniia? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo ?ic?iaeaia i?eioeeiiaa oaoiieia?/ia
noaia ae?iaieoeoaa IIN ni?aie?aiia?ecaoe??th ieao?iai?nieo o?aeoe?e N5
? N9 ?II aeecaeueiiai iaeeaa (?en.6). ?ic?aoiaaii iinoaae?eiee
iaoa??aeueiee aaeain i?ioeano. Oaoiieia?/ia noaia ia??iaee/iiai
i?ioeano ae?iaieoeoaa IIN neeaaea?oueny ?c iniiaieo noaae?e: 1)
i?eeiaiiy ? caa??aaiiy ne?iaeie; 2) iaa??aaiiy ?aaeoe?eii? iane ?
ie?aiia?ecaoe?y ne?iaeie (o?aeoe?? N5); 3) aoiinoa?ia a?aeaiiea
aoaeaaiaei?a, ui iai?i?aaaoaaee; 4) iaa??aaiiy ?aaeoe?eii? iane ?
ni?aie?aiia?ecaoe?? o?aeoe?? N9 c ie?aiia?aie o?aeoe?? N5; 5)
aoiinoa?ia ? aaeooiia a?aeaiiea aoaeaaiaei?a, ui iai?i?aaaoaaee; 6)
i?eaiooaaiiy 60% — ai ?ic/eio iaooiiie?ia?ii? niiee.

Ia AAO “I??aia” i?iaaaeaii aeine?aeii-i?iieneiao ai?iaaoe?th
oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa ni?aie?aiia?ii? IIN oa aeiouaii ??
aenia?eiaioaeueio ia?o?th. Ca o?ceei-o?i?/ieie iieacieeaie 60%-ee
?ic/ei IIN iiai?noth a?aeiia?aea? aeiiaai OO 6-05743166.020-96 ia niieo
iaooiiie?ia?io eaeioa?aiao neioaoe/io. Iieacaii iiaeeea?noue
aeei?enoaiiy ni?aie?aiia?ii? IIN oa ie?aiia?ecaoo i?e ae?iaieoeoa?
ie?oe “Ienieue” ia?ee IA oa eiia?iiaaii? ie?oe E-4, a?aeiia?aeii.
Iia?/i? i?iaeoeoe ae?iaieoeoaa iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoeny: noi?o
a?aeaii?a ? oa ?? — i?e ae?iaieoeoa? aaiceio; a?aea?i ?? — ye
nieueaaio i?e i?eaiooaaii? 60%-ai ?ic/eio IIN; a?aea?i ??? – ye
eiiiiiaio eioaeueiiai iaeeaa.

Aeniiaee

1. ?ic?iaeaii iaoeia? iniiae oaoiieia?? iaea?aeaiiy iaooiiie?ia?ieo niie
?i?oe?eiaaiith ni?aie?aiia?ecaoe??th o?aeoe?e N5 ? N9 — iia?/ieo
i?iaeoeo?a ae?iaieoeoaa aoeeaio i??ie?cii aeecaeueiiai iaeeaa.

2. Anoaiiaeaii iniiai? caeiiii??iino? ?i?oe?eiaaii? ie?aiia?ecaoe??
o?aeoe?? N9 oa aecia/aii aieea ??cieo /eiiee?a (oaiia?aoo?a,
o?eaae?noue ?aaeoe??, eiioeaio?aoe?y ?i?oe?aoi?a) ia aeo?ae oa
o?ceei-o?i?/i? iieacieee IIN. Ia iniia? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? ?aaeoe??
aecia/aii iioeiaeuei? oiiae i?ioeano iaea?aeaiiy IIN — oaiia?aoo?a
473E, o?eaae?noue ie?aiia?ecaoe?? 7 aiae., eiioeaio?aoe?y ?i?oe?aoi?a
0,06 iieue/e.

3. Aecia/aii aoaeoeaiee ?i?oe?aoi? ie?aiia?ecaoe?? o?aeoe?? N9 –
ia?ieneae aee-o?ao-aooeeo, eiioeaio?aoe?y yeiai 0,06 iieue/e
caaacia/o? aenieo eiiaa?n?th iaiane/aieo aoaeaaiaei?a o?aeoe?? N9
(88,9%) oa aeo?ae IIN (48,5%ian.).

4. ?ic?aoiaaii eiiaa?n?th oa iiaoaeiaaii ?yae aeoeaiinoae iaiane/aieo
aoaeaaiaei?a o?aeoe?? N9 o ?aaeoe?? ni?aie?aiia?ecaoe??.

5. I?iaaaeaii ii??aiyeueio ioe?ieo neioaco IIN ?i?oe?eiaaiith,
oa?i?/iith oa eaoae?oe/iith ie?aiia?ecaoe??th o?aeoe?? N9.

6. Anoaiiaeaii iniiai? caeiiii??iino? ?i?oe?eiaaii? ie?aiia?ecaoe??
o?aeoe?? N5 oa neioaco ni?aie?aiia?ieo IIN ia iniia? o?aeoe?e N5 ? N9.
Aecia/aii aieea ??cieo /eiiee?a (oaiia?aoo?e, o?eaaeino? ?aaeoe??,
eiioeaio?aoe?? oa i?e?iaee ?i?oe?aoi?a) ia aeoiaee ? oa?aeoa?enoeee IIN.
Ia iniia? ia?iaee aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo aecia/aii iioeiaeuei? oiiae
i?ioeano iaea?aeaiiy ni?aie?aiia?ieo IIN: noaae?y ie?aiia?ecaoe??
o?aeoe?? N5 – oaiia?aoo?a 423E, o?eaae?noue 3 aiae., eiioeaio?aoe?y
?i?oe?aoi?a 0,05 iieue/e; noaae?y ni?aie?aiia?ecaoe?? noi?o? aeeia??a oa
??aeeeo ie?aiia??a o?aeoe?? N5 ?c a??eaeeaiaie o?aeoe?? N9 — oaiia?aoo?a
473E, o?eaae?noue 7 aiae., eiioeaio?aoe?y ?i?oe?aoi?a 0,05 iieue/e.
Aeo?ae IIN a iioeiaeueieo oiiaao — 43,2% ian.

7. Cai?iiiiiaaii i?eioeeiiao oaoiieia?/io noaio ae?iaieoeoaa
ni?aie?aiia?ii? IIN ia iniia? o?aeoe?e N5 ? N9; ?ic?aoiaaii
iaoa??aeueiee aaeain i?ioeano ae?iaieoeoaa IIN.

8. Anoaiiaeaii aeioe?euei?noue aeei?enoaiiy IIN oa ie?aiia?ecaoo o
ae?iaieoeoa? ie?oe “Ienieue” ia?ee IA oa eiia?iiaaii? ie?oe E-4,
a?aeiia?aeii; aecia/aii oeyoe aeei?enoaiiy a?aeaii?a, ye?
iaea?aeothoueny i?e ae?iaieoeoa? ni?aie?aiia?ii? IIN.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii a ianooiieo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Iie?ee ?.I., Aec?iye A.I., Ieeoeeoei ?.?., Aoaecai A.?., Oae? N.N.
Ii??aiyeueia ioe?iea iaoiae?a iaea?aeaiiy iaooiiie?ia?ieo niie //
Aeiiia. IAI Oe?a?ie. – 1997. -?5.-N.153–156.

2. Iie?ee ?.I., Aec?iye A.I., Ieeoeeoei ?.?., Oae? N.N., A?eieaae/ I.A.
?ioaineo?eaoe?y i?ioeano ae?iaieoeoaa iaooiiie?ia?ii? niiee // A?niee
Aea?ae. oi-oo “Euea?a. iie?oaoi.”. O?i?y, oaoiieia?y ?a/iaei oa ?o
canoinoaaiiy. – Euea?a: AeOEI, 1997.-?316.- N.119-120.

3. Iie?ee ?.I., Ieeoeeoei ?.?., Aec?iye A.I., Aoaecai A.?., Oae? N.N.
Ii??aiyeueia ioe?iea iaoiae?a iaea?aeaiiy iaooiiie?ia?ieo niie// A?niee
Aea?ae. oi-oo “Euea?a. iie?oaoi.” O?i?y. oaoiieia?y ?a/iaei oa
canoinoaaiiy.- Euea?a: AeOEI, 1997.-?316.- N.120-122.

4. Aec?iye A.I., Ieeoeeoei ?.?., Oae? N.N., Ae?aeioae ?.I. Neioac
iaooiiie?ia?ieo niie iie?ia?ecaoe??th o?aeoe?? N5 // A?niee Aea?ae.
oi-oo “Euea?a. iie?oaoi.” O?i?y, oaoiieia?y ?a/iaei oa ?o canoinoaaiiy.
– Euea?a: AeOEI, 1997.-?333.-N.102-105.

5. Iie?ee ?.I., Aec?iye A.I., Aoaecai A.?., Oae? N.N. Aaca?aeoiaeiee,
aeieia?/ii /enoee i?ioean iaea?aeaiiy na?oeeo iaooiiie?ia?ieo niie ?c
i?iaeoeo?a i??ie?co iaooiai? ne?iaeie// VIII Oe?a?inueea eiio. c AIN:
Oac. aeiiia. – Ee?a, 1996.-N.127.

6. Iie?ee ?.I.. Aec?iye A.I., Ieeoeeoei ?.?., Oae? N.N., Aa?ai I.I.,
Eo?i?eue A.N. ?ic?iaea oa inai?iiy aaca?aeoiaeiiai i?ioeano iaea?aeaiiy
iaooiiie?ia?ii? niiee ia AAO “I??AIA”// XVIII Oe?a?inueea eiio. c i?a.
o?i??: Oac. aeiiia. – Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998.-N.450.

7. Aec?iye A., Oae? N.N., Ae?aeioae ?., Iie?ee ?. Iie?ia?ecaoe?y
o?aeoe?? N5 ??aeeeo i?iaeoeo?a i??ie?co // Iinooi o iaooiaaciia?a?iai?e
oa iaooio?i?/i?e i?iieneiaino?: Oac aeiiia. ? iaoe.-oaoi.
eiio.-Euea?a,1998.-N.43.

8. Aec?iye A., Ieeoeeoei ?., Oae? N.N., Iie?ee ?. Iaea?aeaiiy
eiia?iiaaii? ie?oe E-4 ia iniia? iia?/ieo i?iaeoeo?a aoeeaiiaeo
ae?iaieoeoa // Iinooi o iaooiaaciia?a?iai?e oa iaooio?i?/i?e
i?iieneiaino?: Oac. aeiiia. ? iaoe. – oaoi. eiio. – Euea?a,1998.-N.81.

AIIOAOe?ss

Oae? Naia? Nae?i. Oaoiieia?y iaea?aeaiiy iaooiiie?ia?ieo
niie ni?aie?aiia?ecaoe??th ieao?iai?nieo o?aeoe?e N5 ? N9. ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeueiinoth 05.17.04 — oaoiieia?y i?iaeoeo?a i?aai?/iiai
neioaco. — Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”, Euea?a,
1999.

Caoeua? 8 iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, ye? i?noyoue ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
i?ioeano iaea?aeaiiy iaooiiie?ia?ii? niiee (IIN) ni?aie?aiia?ecaoe??th
ieao?iai?nieo o?aeoe?e N5 ? N9 ??aeeeo i?iaeoeo?a i??ie?co aeecaeueiiai
iaeeaa o i?enooiino? ia?ieneaeieo ?i?oe?aoi??a. Anoaiiaeaii aieea
??cieo /eiiee?a (oaiia?aoo?e, o?eaaeino? ?aaeoe??, i?e?iaee oa
eiioeaio?aoe?? ?i?oe?aoi?a) ia aeo?ae oa o?ceei-o?i?/i? iieacieee IIN.
Iieacaii, ui aeei?enoaiiy aenieioa?iinoaa?eueieo aee?eia?ieneae?a
aeicaiey? iaea?aeaoe IIN c aenieei aeoiaeii.

I?iaaaeaia ii??aiyeueia ioe?iea ?nioth/eo iaoiae?a iaea?aeaiiy IIN. Ia
iniia? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? ?aaeoe?? aea?aii iioeiaeuei? oiiae
i?ioeano. Cai?i-iiiiaaii i?eioeeiiao oaoiieia?/io noaio i?ioeano
iaea?aeaiiy ni?aie?aiia?ii? IIN. Iienai? oeyoe i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy
neioaciaaieo IIN.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: o?aeoe?y N5, o?aeoe?y N9, iaooiiie?ia?i?
niiee, ie?aiia?ecaoe?y, ?i?oe?aoi?

AIIIOAOeEss

Oae? Naia? Naeei. Oaoiieiaey iieo/aiey iaooaiieeia?iuo niie
eieoeee?iaaiiie niieeaiia?ecaoeeae ieaoeiniaea?aeaueo o?aeoeee N5 e N9.
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.17.04 – oaoiieiaey i?iaeoeoia i?aaie/aneiai
neioaca. — Ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao “Eueaianeay iieeoaoieea”,
Eueaia, 1999.

Caueuaaony 8 iao/iuo ?aaio, eioi?ua niaea?aeao ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiey
i?ioeannia iieo/aiey iaooaiieeia?iie niieu (IIN) niieeaiia?ecaoeeae
ieaoeiniaea?aeaueo o?aeoeee N5 e N9 aeeaeeeo i?iaeoeoia ie?ieeca
aeecaeueiiai oiieeaa a i?enoonoaee ia?ieneaeiuo eieoeeaoi?ia. Eco/aii
aeeyiea ia?aiao?ia i?ioeanna (oaiia?aoo?a, i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue,
i?e?iaea e eiioeaio?aoeey eieoeeaoi?a) ia auoiae e oeceei-oeie/aneea
oa?aeoa?enoeee IIN. Onoaiiaeaia acaeiinaycue iaaeaeo no?iaieai
ia?ieneaeiuo eieoeeaoi?ia e eo yooaeoeaiinoueth a ?aaeoeee
ieeaiia?ecaoeee. Iieacaii, /oi eniieueciaaiea aunieioa?iinoaaeeueiuo
aeeeeia?ieneaeia iicaieyao iieo/eoue IIN n aunieei auoiaeii.

Ii?aaeaeaiu iioeiaeueiua oneiaey i?ioeanna iieo/aiey IIN i?e
ieeaiia?ecaoeee o?aeoeee N9 – oaiia?aoo?a 473 E, i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue
ieeaiia?ecaoeee 7 /ania, eiioeaio?aoeey eieoeeaoi?a 0, 06 iieue/e.

I?iaaaeaia n?aaieoaeueiay ioeaiea iieo/aiey IIN iaoiaeii oa?ie/aneie,
eieoeee?iaaiiie e eaoaeeoe/aneie ieeaiia?ecaoeee o?aeoeee N9.

Ii?aaeaeaiu iniiaiua caeiiiia?iinoe iieo/aiey IIN ia aaca o?aeoeee N5 e
niieeaiia?iie IIN ia aaca o?aeoeee N5 e N9.

Eco/aii aeeyiea ianniaiai niioiioaiey o?aeoeee N5: o?aeoeee N9 ia auoiae
IIN e ea/anoai niieeaiia?iie IIN.

Ii?aaeaeaia eiiaa?ney e iino?iai ?yae aeoeaiinoae iniiaiuo
niieiia?acothueo eiiiiiaioia o?aeoeee N5 e N9 a ?aaeoeee
niieeaiia?ecaoeee.

Iieo/aia iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue ?aaeoeee e aua?aiu iioeiaeueiua oneiaey
i?ioeanna iieo/aiey IIN: noaaeey ieeaiia?ecaoeee o?aeoeee N5 –
oaiia?aoo?a 423E, i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue 3 /ana, eiioeaio?aoeey
ia?ieneaea aee-o?ao-aooeea 0,05 iieue/e; noaaeey niieeaiia?ecaoeee niane
aeeia?ia e ieeaiia?ia o?aeoeee N5 n a?eeaeeaiaie o?aeoeee N9 –
oaiia?aoo?a 473E, i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue 7 /ania, eiioeaio?aoeey
ia?ieneaea aee-o?ao-aooeea 0,05iieue/e. Auoiae IIN a iioeiaeueiuo
oneiaeyo – 43,2% iann.

I?aaeeiaeaia i?eioeeieaeueiay oaoiieiae/aneay noaia i?iecaiaenoaa
niieeaiia?iie IIN.

I?iaaaeaia iiuoii-i?iiuoeaiiay ai?iaaoeey oaoiieiaee iieo/aiey
niieeaiia?iie IIN e auiouaia yenia?eiaioaeueiay ia?oey IIN. Iieo/aiiay
IIN niioaaonoaoao ii?iai OO 6-05743166.020-96 ia niieo
iaooaiieeia?ioth eaeie?ani/ioth neioaoe/aneoth e iiaeao
eniieueciaaoueny a i?iecaiaenoaa eaeie?ani/iuo iaoa?eaeia.

Ii?aaeaeaiu iooe eniieueciaaiey ioaiiia – iiai/iuo i?iaeoeoia
i?iecaiaenoaa IIN.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: O?aeoeey N5, o?aeoeey N9, iaooaiieeia?iua
niieu, ieeaiia?ecaoeey, eieoeeaoi?.

SUMMARY

Khair Samer Saleem. Technology of obtaining petroleum resins by the
fractions N5 and N9 initiatic coolygomerization. Manuscript.

Dissertation for the award of “candidate of technical sciences” degree
on the speciality 05.17.04 – Thechnology of Organic Synthesis Products.
State University “Lviv Polytechnic”, Lviv, 1999.

Defends 8 scientific works containing investigation of process of the
aromatic petroleum resins (APR) production by the initiatic
olygomerization of fractions N5 and N9 pirolyzis products of Diesel
fuel in the presence of Peroxide initiators. As was shown, application
of initiator peroxide ditretbutile gives the possibility to obtain APR
with hight yields. The reaction mathematic model was obtained and the
process optimum parameters were determined. The methods of thermal,
initiated and catalytic olygomerization of fraction N9 pirolyzis
products of Diesel fuel were compared. The principal technological
scheme of process were proposed. The route of application synthetized
APR were shown.

Key words. fraction C5 , fraction C9, aromatic petroleum
resins, olygomerization, initiator.

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