I?I?NOA?NOAI INA?OE OE?A?IE

OA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OAOI?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

AOAe?AIEOeOAA OA A?O?OAEOO?E

II?EIANUeEA IAOAE?ss AAI?A??AIA

oaee 651.58.668.3

OAOIIEIA?ss AACAIEA?IIAI E??IEAIIss IAEAAeIAIIss

OA ?IAEAIA?IEO EIIOI?EAOe?E AE?EEIAEIE

EIIIICEOe?ssIE

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.23.08 — Oaoiieia?y i?iieneiaiai ? oeea?eueiiai

aoae?aieoeoaa

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

OA?E?A 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Oa?e?anuee?e aea?aeaai?e aeaaeai?? i?nueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

CIEIOIA Ieoaeei Na?a?eiae/,

ia/aeueiee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai naeoi?o

Oa?e?anueei? aea?aeaaiiai aeaaeai?? i?nueeiai

ainiiaea?noaa i?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

*A?IssANUeEEE A’y/aneaa Eaii?aeiae/,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e o?ceei-o?i?/ii? iaoai?ee oa oaoiieia??
aoae?aaeueieo iaoa??ae?a oa ae?ia?a Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo aoae?aieoeoaa oa a?o?oaeoo?e I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe
Oe?a?ie

Eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

EI??IUeEI ?aai Aaneeueiae/,

aaia?aeueiee aee?aeoi? AeEI Oa?e?aeiioii/enoaiae

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao
aoae?aieoeoaa oa a?o?oaeoo?e I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “22” /a?aiy 1999 ?. i 1200 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.056.01 i?e Oa?e?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? aoae?aieoeoaa oa a?o?oaeoo?e
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie, ca aae?anith: 310002, i. Oa?e?a, aoe.
Noinue-ea, 40.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo aoae?aieoeoaa oa a?o?oaeoo?e ca
aae?anith: i. Oa?e?a, aoe. Noinueea, 40.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “21” o?aaiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee EOOIAEE A.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aacaiea?i? e??ieaiiy o aeaeyae? eeaeiaeo
c’?aeiaiue noaeue-aaoii ? iaeiei c ia?niaeoeaieo iai?yie?a o
aoae?aieoeoa?, ?aeiino?oe-oe?? oa eai?oaeueiiio ?aiiio? aoae?aaeue ?
nii?oae. Aiie aea?aeii a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae o?aaeeoe?eieo iaoiae?a
e??ieaiiy iaeaaeiaiiy, ?iaeaia?ieo eiioi?eaoe?e oa ?ioeo oaoiieia?/ieo
i?eno?i?a aei ?nioth/eo aaoiiieo oa cae?ci-aaoiiieo eiino?oeoe?e ?
caeiaoaathoue ana a?eueoa aeciaiiy. Aeei?enoaiiy eea?a aeey oeeo oe?eae
aeicaiey? cieceoe no?iee aoae?aieoeoaa oa ?aeiino?oeoe?? aoae?aaeue ?
nii-?oae, ciaioeoe iaoa??aei- oa o?oaeii?noe?noue ?ia?o. Aeey
?aeiino?oeoe?? ? ?aiiioo aoae?aaeue canoiniaoaaiiy eea?a ?iiae? ?
?aeeiei niiniaii aeeiiaiiy oaeeo ?ia?o.

Aeei?enoaiiy aeey aacaiea?iiai e??ieaiiy ae?eeiaeo eiiiiceoe?e ?
ia?niaeoeaiei, ine?eueee aiie iaeieiiiiiaioi?, i?ino? e iaae?ei? o
aeaioiaeaii? oa canoinoaaii?. Oe? eea? cia/ii aeaoaao? a?ae aiieneaeieo
oa ?ioeo iie?ia?ieo eea?a. E??i oiai, aacaiea?i? e??ieaiiy ia ae?eeiaeo
eiiiiceoe?yo oa?aeoa?ecothoueny a?aenooi?noth neeaaeieo i?aeaioia/eo
i?ioean?a, nooo?aei nei?i/aiiyi o?oaeiaeo cao?ao, no?ie?a aoae?aieoeoaa
? ?aeiino?oeoe?? aoae?aaeue oa nii?oae. Iniaeeai oea aaaeeeai i?e
oaeaee?e ci?i? oaoiieia?/ieo ae?iaie/eo e?i?e oa ia?aeeaaeaii?
?iaeaia?ieo eiioi?eaoe?e.

O ca’yceo c oeei aeooaeueiei ? oaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?? aacaiea?iiai
e??ieaiiy ae?eeiaeie eiiiiceoe?yie, aecia/aiiy aieeao ??cieo
oaoiieia?/ieo oaeoi??a ia i?oei?noue eeaeiaiai c’?aeiaiiy noaeue-aaoii ?
aeai?o iaoai?ci?a aeey i?aeaioiaee iiaa?oiiue aei neeathaaiiy.

Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? oaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?? aacaiea?iiai
e??ieaiiy iaeaaeiaiiy oa ?iaeaia?ieo eiioi?eaoe?e ae?eeiaeie
eiiiiceoe?yie, ui caaacia/o? cieaeaiiy o?oaeiaeo oa iaoa??aeueieo
cao?ao, a oaeiae iaae?ei?noue eeaeiaiai c’?aeiaiiy noaeue-aaoii.

?iai/a a?iioaca iieyaa? o i?eiouaii? i?i iiaeeea?noue ?ic?iaee oa-eeo
oaoiieia?/ieo ??oaiue, ye? aeicaieyoue aeeiioaaoe e??ieaiiy aacaiea?-iei
niiniaii iaeaaeiaiiy oa ?iaeaia?ieo eiioi?eaoe?e ae?eeiaeie
eiiii-ceoe?yie, caaacia/aoue i?e oeueiio iaae?ei?noue eeaeiaiai
c’?aeiaiiy noaeue-aaoii.

Aaeocue aeine?aeaeaiiy — oaoiieia?y e??ieaiiy iaeaaeiaiiy oa
?iaeaia?ieo eiioi?eaoe?? aei aaoiiieo ? cae?ciaaoiiieo eiino?oeoe?e i?e
aoae?aieoeoa?, ?aeiino?oeoe?? oa eai?oaeueiiio ?aiiio? i?iieneiaeo
aoae?aaeue ? nii?oae.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy — ia?aiao?e aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o c aacaiea?iiai
e??ieaiiy ae?eeiaeie eiiiiceoe?yie.

Iaoiaee/ia iniiaa — iaoiaee iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee, aenia?eiai-oaeuei?
aeine?aeaeaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith ?ic?iaeaieo iaoiaeee, aiae?oe/i? aeine?ae-

aeaiiy c aeei?enoaiiyi iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy:

— ?ic?iaeoe iiiia?aoe?ei? oaoiieia?/i? noaie noai?aiiy aacaiea?ieo
e??ieaiue ia ai?eciioaeuei?e oa aa?oeeaeuei?e iiaa?oiyo aaoiio ?c
canoinoaaiiyi ae?eeiai? eiiiiceoe??;

— aiae?oe/ii aeine?aeeoe ??ci? oaoiieia?/i? oa i?aai?caoe?ei? ??oaiiy
eiiieaeniiai i?ioeano noai?aiiy aacaiea?ieo e??ieaiue;

— aenia?eiaioaeueii aecia/eoe aieea ??cieo oaoiieia?/ieo oaeoi??a ia
i?oei?noue eeaeiaiai c’?aeiaiiy noaeue-aaoii;

— aeyaeoe niiniae i?aeaioiaee iiaa?oiiue aaoiio oa iaoaeo aei
neeathaaiiy ? iaiao?aei? aeey oeueiai oaoi?/ieo cania?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa? a ianooiiiio:

— anoaiiaeaiiy ci?iii? ?ioaineaiino? oa ii?i ae?ia?oeo i?e noai?aii?
aacaiea?ieo e??ieaiue c o?aooaaiiyi eiino?oeoe?e e??ieeueieo aoce?a oa
oaoiieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae ae?eeiaeo eea?a, a oaeiae niiniae aeeiiaiiy
?ia?o;

— aenia?eiaioaeueiiio aecia/aii? niiniao i?aeaioiaee iiaa?oiiue aaoiio
? iaoaeo aei neeathaaiiy, ui caaacia/o? iaae?ei?noue ?o c’?aeiaiiy
ae?eeiaeie eiiiiceoe?yie, a oaeiae onoaiiaeaii? aieeao aeayeeo
oaoiieia?/ieo oaeoi??a ia eiai i?oei?noue;

— anoaiiaeaii? oaoiieia?/ieo ? eiino?oeoeaieo oaeoi??a, ui aiee-aathoue
ia /an i/euaiiy iiaa?oi? aaoiio i?e ?? i?aeaioiaoe? aei i?eeeathaaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? o noai?aii? oaoiieia?? aacai-ea?iiai
e??ieaiiy iaeaaeiaiiy oa ?iaeaia?ieo eiioi?eaoe?e ae?eeiaeie eeayie,
aeai?? oaoi?/ieo cania?a aeey cae?eniaiiy e??ieaiiy, ui aeicaieythoue
aeiiiieoe o?oaeia? e iaoa??aeuei? cao?aoe. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
iniiaith aeey ?ic?iaee ea??aieoeoaa uiaei canoinoaaiiy aeacaii?
oaoiieia??.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeenue oa
iaaiai?thaaeenue ia i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“I?iaeaiu e ia?niaeoeau ?ano?ninaa?aaeaiey a aeeeeuii-eiiioiaeueiii
oicyenoaa” (i. Oa?e?a, 1995 ?.), o?ao?e Oe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii?
eiioa?aioe?? “I?eiaiaiea ieanoiann a no?ieoaeuenoaa e ai?iaeneii
oicyenoaa” (i. Oa?e?a, 1996 ?.), iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo
Oa?-e?anueei? aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? i?nueeiai ainiiaea?noaa (1994, 1996
? 1998 ??.).

?aae?caoe?y ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe ai?iaaaeaeai? ia ?yae?
i?iieneiaeo ia’?eo?a: AI “Caii??cueeee eienio?icaaiae”, AI “Oa?e?anueeee
aeaeo?iiaoai?/iee caaiae”, NOI o nae. I?ni/ei (i.Oa?e?a).

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? a 11
iaoeiaeo ?iaioao.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, i’yoe
aeaa, aeniiae?a, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e c 109 iaca, aeeeaaeaia ia 122
noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, i?noeoue 67 oaaeeoeue oa ?enoie?a.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe??. Noi?ioeueiaaia
?? iaoeiaa iiaecia, iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno ?
iathoue i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy.

O ia?o?e aeaa? cae?eniaii iaeyae iaoeiai? a?ae?ia?ao?? a aaeoc?
canoinoaaiiy iie?ia?ieo eea?a, o oiio /ene? ae?eeiaeo, aeey e??ieaiiy
iaeaaeiaiiy oa ?iaeaia?ieo eiioi?eaoe?e aacaiea?iei niiniaii. Oae?
e??ieaiiy yaeythoue niaith eeaeia? c’?aeiaiiy noaeue-aaoii. Oeei
ieoaiiyi i?enay/ai? ?iaioe Cieioiaa I.N., *a?eanueeiai ?.A., Aa?/a
?.C., Oooai-ea E.I., E?eoiaa A.A., Neaei?aiea A.A., Aa?aoc A.I., a
oaeiae ?yaeo caei?aeiiieo a/aieo. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeanoeainoae ae?eeiaeo
eea?a Cieioiaei I.N., Oooaieii E.I., Ni??aiaea ?.I., Aa?aoc A.I.
iieacaee, ui aiie iathoue aenie? oaoiieia?/i? aeanoeaino?: iecueeo
a’yce?noue, aeia?o iaiiaithaai?noue, ?aaoeueiaai? aeeoo?caeaoi?noue ?
/an caoaa?ae?iiy. On? oe? aeanoeaino? aeicaieeee canoinoaaoe ae?eeiaee
eeae aeey noai?aiiy c’?aeiaiiy noaeue-aaoii.

O ?iaioao Cieioiaa I.N., Oooaiea E.I., Neaei?aiea A.A. oa ?i.
iaaiaeyoueny ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue
ei?ioei/anii?, o?eaaei? ? aoiieaii? i?oeiino? c’?aeiaiue noaeue-aaoii
ae?eeiaeie eeayie. Aiie iieacothoue, ui oe? c’?aeiaiiy iaae?ei?, ?o
i?oei?noue aecia/a?oueny i?oei?noth aaoiio. ?o iiaeia aeei?enoiaoaaoe
aeey eiino?oeoeaiiai e??ieaiiy iaeaaeiaiiy. Aeey e??ieaiiy ?iaeaia?ieo
eiioi?eaoe?e iiaeia canoiniaoaaoe e??ieeuei? aocee c ieiuath
i?eeeathaaiiy aei 1000 ni2. Aeine?aeaeaiiy Cieioiaa I.N., Oooaiea E.I.,
Ni??aiaea ?.I., Aa?aoc A.I. na?ae/aoue, ui oaieino?ee?noue
?icaeyaeoaaieo eea?a neeaaea? 1300N. Ona aeuaneacaia aecia/a? aaeocue
canoinoaaiiy aacaiea?ieo e??ieaiue ae?eeiaeie eeayie.

Ia iniia? aenia?eiaio?a c o?aooaaiiyi aeine?aeaeaiue Aa?/a ?.C.,
E?eoiaa A.A., a oaeiae ?yaeo caei?aeiiieo a/aieo Cieioiaei I.N.,
Oooaieii E.I., Neaei?aieii A.A. ?ic?iaeai? eiino?oeoe?? aacaiea?iiai
e??ieaiiy iaeaaeiaiiy oa ?iaeaia?ieo eiioi?eaoe?e ae?eeiaeie eeayie. O
ca’yceo c oeei iinoaea iaiao?aei?noue oaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia??
noai?aiiy aeacaieo eiino?oeoe?e ? aeai?o no/anii? aoae?aaeueii? oaoi?ee,
ui iiaea aeei?enoiaoaaoeny aeey cae?eniaiiy aacaiea?ieo e??ieaiue.

Aiae?c eiino?oeoe?e aacaiea?iiai e??ieaiiy iaeaaeiaiiy oa ?iaeaia?ieo
eiioi?eaoe?e oeyoii iiaa?oiaaiai i?eeeathaaiiy e??ieeueieo aoce?a aeaa
ciiao anoaiiaeoe caaaeueio noaio oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano c’?aeiaiiy
noaeue-aaoii ae?eeiaeie eiiiiceoe?yie. Noaia i?ioeano i?eeeathaaiiy
aeeth/a?: ?ici?oeo i?noeue e??ieaiiy; i?aeaioiaeo iiaa?oi? aaoiio;
i?aeaioiaeo iiaa?oi? iaoaeo; i?eaiooaaiiy eeath; cae?eniaiiy
i?eeeathaaiiy; caoaa?ae?iiy eeath.

Oai?aoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano i?eeeathaaiiy
c’?aeiaiiy noaeue-aaoii ae?eeiaeie eeayie aeey eiaeiiai aeaeo
eiino?oeoe?e aeicaieeee i?iaiae?coaaoe aca?iica’ycie i?ae iniiaieie
ia?aiao?aie i?ioeano i?eeeathaaiiy, aeanoeainoyie ae?eeiaiai eeath ?
eiino?oeoeaieie iniaeeainoyie e??ieeueieo aoce?a. Oea aeaei ciiao
?icaeyiooe aacaiea?i? e??ieaiiy o eiiieaeniiio i?ioean? ?ia?o caeaaeii
a?ae niiniao i?aai?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa. sse iieacaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, ia
nueiaiaei? a?aenooi? aeai? i?i oaeoi?e, ui aieeaathoue ia oaoiieia?/iee
i?ioean i?eeeathaaiiy e??ieeueieo aoce?a oa iii?ieo /anoei iaeaaeiaiiy,
iaia? oaeiae ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei canoinoaaiiy aoae?aaeueii? oaoi?ee
aeey noai?aiiy aacaiea?ieo e??ieaiue.

O ?acoeueoao? oeueiai noi?ioeueiaaii caaaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??.

Ae?oaa aeaaa i?enay/aia ?ic?iaoe? iiiia?aoe?eieo oaoiieia?/ieo noai
noai?aiiy aacaiea?ieo e??ieaiue ia ai?eciioaeuei?e oa aa?oeeaeuei?e
iiaa?oiyo aaoiio ?c canoinoaaiiyi ae?eeiai? eiiiiceoe??, a oaeiae
aiae?oe/iiio aeine?aeaeaiith oeueiai i?ioeano.

E??ieaiiy iaeaaeiaiiy aei aioiaeo aaoiiieo aai cae?ciaaoiiieo
eiino?oeoe?e aacaiea?iei niiniaii i?iaiaeeoueny ca iaei??th c o?ueio
oaoiieia?/ieo noai (?en. 1):

a) i?eeeathaaiiy ae?eeiaei eea?i e??ieeueieo aoce?a i?ney iiioaaeo
iaeaae-

iaiiy (noaia 1);

a) i?eeeathaaiiy e??ieeueieo aoce?a aei iiioaaeo iaeaaeiaiiy (noaia 2);

a) i?eeeathaaiiy iii?ieo /anoei iaeaaeiaiiy o i?ioean? iiioaaeo (noaia
3).

E??ieaiiy ?iaeaia?ieo eiioi?eaoe?e oeyoii i?eeeathaaiiy ia aa?oeeaeueio
iiaa?oith aaoiio e??ieeueieo aoce?a aeeiio?oueny ca aeaiia
oaoiieia?/ieie noaiaie (?en. 2). I?ioean i?eeeathaaiiy ca noaiith 4a
ia?aaeaa/a?oueny aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeey iiioaaeo e i?ieeaaeaiiy ??cieo
o?oaii?iaiae?a.

Aeey iiioaaeo aeaeo?ieaaae?a ?ic?iaeaii aea? oaoiieia?/i? noaie
e??ieaiiy eiino?oeoe?e aeaeo?ieaaaeueiiai ?icaaaeaiiy: /a?ac e??ieeueiee
aocie (noaia 4a) aai aaciina?aaeiuei i?eeeathaaiiyi eiino?oeoe?e (noaia
4a).

I?e aiae?oe/iiio aeine?aeaeaii? ?icaeyioo? aeaa niiniae aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o
ii i?eeeathaaiith e??ieeueieo aoce?a aai iii?ieo /anoei iaeaaeiaiiy —
iine?aeiaiee ? ia?aeaeueiee. Ia?oee niin?a ia?aaeaa/a?
iine?aeiaia cae?eniaiiy i?ioean?a i?eaiooaaiiy eeath, i?eeeathaaiiy,
onoaiiaee iaeaaeiaiiy iaei??th eaieith, a ae?oaee — ia?aeaeueia
aeeiiaiiy aeacaieo i?ioean?a ??cieie eaieaie. Iaeaeaa niiniae
ia?aaeaa/athoue i?aeaioiaeo iiaa?oi? aaoiio ? iaoaeo ie?aiith eaieith,
c aeia?aaeaeaiiyi ?ia?o ii i?eeeathaaiith. Ca aeiiiiiaith
o?iiiiao?aaeieo niinoa?aaeaiue aecia/aii /an ia i?eeeathaaiiy iaei???
eiino?oeoe?? caeaaeii a?ae niiniao aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o, a oaeiae
i?eaiooaaiiy iaeiiai cai?no ae?eeiaiai eeath.

Anoaiiaeaii caeaaeiino? ?ioaineaiino?, ii?i /ano ia aeaoooaaiiy
e??ieeueiiai aocea oa ?ioeo oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a a?ae
aeeoo?caeaoiino? ae?eeiaiai eeath O ? niiniao i?iaaaeaiiy ?ia?o
(iine?aeiaiiai aai ia?aeaeueiiai).

?ic?aooieia? aeai? na?ae/aoue, ui ci?iia ?ioaineai?noue i?eeeathaaiiy
e??ieeueieo aoce?a aai iii?ieo /anoei iaeaaeiaiiy iine?aeiaiei niiniaii
aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o ia? iae?i?eiee oa?aeoa? ? iaaoaa? iioeiaeueia
cia/aiiy

i?e
picscalex100010009000003eb0000000200170000000000050000000902000000000400
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00000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001
000003000000000042000500000090664900000000000000000000000000 aiaeeie.
Nei?i/aiiy oaoiieia?/ii? aeeoo?caeaoiino? ae?eeiaiai

eeath ??cei iia??oo? oe? ia?aiao?e. Caeaaei?noue ci?iii? ?ioaineaiino?
aacaiea?iiai e??ieaiiy i?e ia?aeaeueiiio niinia? i?iaaaeaiiy ?ia?o a?ae
oaoiieia?/ii? aeeoo?caeaoiino? eiiiiceoo O ia? e?i?eiee oa?aeoa?.

I?e aecia/aii? ii?i /ano ia i?eeeathaaiiy e??ieeueieo aoce?a ? iii?ii?
/anoeie iaeaaeiaiiy iine?aeiaiei niiniaii anoaiiaeaii, ui aiie
caeaaeaoue a?ae oaoiieia?/ii? aeeoo?caeaoiino? ae?eeiai? eiiiiceoe??.
I?e ia?aeaeueiiio niinia? ?iaioe oey caeaaei?noue ia niinoa??aa?oueny. O
oaeiio aeiaaeeo ii?ie /ano caeaaeaoue a?ae /ano noai?aiiy aacaiea?iiai
e??ieaiiy ca aeacaieie aeua oaoiieia?/ieie noaiaie.

Aiae?c iaea?aeaieo ii?i /ano na?ae/eoue, ui i?e cia/iiio ianyc?
ae?iaieoeoaa aeioe?euei?oa canoiniaoaaoe ia?aeaeueiee niin?a ?iaioe.

Aeyaeaii oaeiae e?euee?niee neeaae a?eaaaee, caeiyoi? aeaoooaaiiyi
e??ieeueiiai aocea aai i?eeeathaaiiyi iii?ii? /anoeie iaeaaeiaiiy. I?e
iine?aeiaiiio niinia? aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o neeaae a?eaaaee noaiiaeoue aeaa
/ieia?ee, i?e ia?aeaeueiiio niinia? neeaae a?eaaaee caeaaeeoue a?ae
oaoiieia?/ii? aeeoo?caeaoiino? ae?eeiaiai eeath: i?e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,5 aiae. a?i aei??aith? 2 /ie.,
i?e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 aiae. — 3 /ie., i?e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,5 aiae. — 5 /ie., i?e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 aiae. — 6 /ie. ? i?e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 aiae. — 9 /ie.

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie ?ic?aooie?a iiaoaeiaaii a?ao?ee caeaaeiino? ii?i
ae?ia?oeo a?ae oaoiieia?/ii? aeeoo?caeaoiino? ae?eeiaiai eeath (?en. 3).

Aiae?c ?ic?aooie?a aecia/aiiy ii?i ae?ia?oeo oaeiae iieacaa, ui ia ieo
nooo?ai aieeaa? ci?iia ?ioaineai?noue ? e?euee?niee neeaae a?eaaaee.

sse ? i?e anoaiiaeaii? ?ioeo oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a, ia ii?io
ae?ia?oeo cia/iith i??ith aieeaa? niin?a noai?aiiy aacaiea?iiai
e??ieaiiy. C ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy ii?i ae?ia?oeo aeoiaeeoue, ui
i?e e?eueeino? a?eueoa 80 e??ieaiue ca ci?io aoaeoeai?oa ei?enooaaoeny
ia?aeaeueiei niiniaii.

Ii?ia ae?ia?oeo aeey iaio niinia?a oei a?eueoa, /ei aeua oaoiieia?/ia
aeeoo?caeaoi?noue ae?eeiaiai eeath.

O o?ao?e aeaa? iaaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao
oaoiieia?/ieo oaeoi??a ia i?oei?noue c’?aeiaiiy noaeue-aaoii ae?eeiaeie
eeayie. Aei ieo, cie?aia, a?aeiinyoueny aieea niinia?a i?aeaioiaee
iiaa?oi? aaoiio ? iaoaeo aei neeathaaiiy, aieea “noi?iie” aaoiioaaiiy,
a oaeiae aieea oiaueie eeaeiaiai oa?o. I?oei?noue aecia/aee oeyoii
??aiii??iiai a?ae?eaaiiy noaeueieo ieanoei, i?eeea?ieo aei iiaa?oi?
aaoiio ae?eeiaith eiiiiceoe??th.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaee ianooiia. O an?o aeiaaeeao
?oeioaaiiy eeaeiaeo c’?aeiaiue a?aeaoaaeinue ii aaoiio. Niiniae
i?aeaioiaee iiaa?oi? aaoiio aei i?eeeathaaiiy a?ae/ooii aieeaathoue ia
i?oei?noue c’?aeiaiiy. I?e i?aeaioiaoe? iiaa?oi? aaoiio aei neeathaaiiy
canoiniaoaaee oae? niiniae i/enoee: oa?i?/iee, o?i?/iee ? iaoai?/iee
(?o/ia ao/a?aea, ?oaeeueiee iieioie, aa?aceaiee e?oa). Aeai?
aenia?eiaio?a na?ae/aoue, ui ia?o? aeaa niiniae i?aeaioiaee iiaa?oi?
aaoiio oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ii??aiyii aeecueeeie cia/aiiyie i?oeiino?
eeaeiaeo c’?aeiaiue noaeue-aaoii (2,03…2,12 IIa), i?ioa iaeaea ia 40%
iaioeie, i?ae i?e ?iaio? aa?aceaiei e?oaii. Oea iiynith?oueny oei, ui a
inoaiiueiio aeiaaeeo aeinyaa?oueny iiaia aeaeaeaiiy iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o
aac cia/iiai ?oeioaaiiy oe?e?niino? aaoiio.

I?oei?noue c’?aeiaiiy a ?ac? i?eeeathaaiiy ia “iec” aaoiioaaiiy aoea
i?eaeecii ia 60% aeua, i?ae ia “aa?o” aaoiioaaiiy. Oea iiynith?oueny
oaeeie i?e/eiaie. Ii-ia?oa, i?e ou?eueiaii? aaoiiii? noi?o? ia iiaa?oith
nieeaathoue a?eueo eaae? /anoeiee oeaiaioo, a oaeiae ioeeno? e aeeieno?
/anoeiee, ui i?noyoueny a caiiaithaa/ao. Oiio iiaa?oiaaee oa? ca
o?i?/iei oa iaoai?/iei neeaaeii a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae ?aooe iane aaoiio.
Ii-ae?oaa, i?e ou?eueiaii? noi?o? e?oii? caiiaithaa/? (uaa?iue, a?aa?e)
iioneathoueny ia ieaeith /anoeio eiino?oeoe??, ooai?thth/e oaa?aeo
no?oeoo?o aaoiio. E??i oiai, o aeiaaeeo i?eeeathaaiiy noaeueii? ieanoeie
aei e?oiiiai caiiaithaa/a ooai?th?oueny a?eueo i?oeia c’?aeiaiiy, i?ae
i?e i?eeeathaaii? aei oeaiaioiiai ?ic/eio c i?uaiei caiiaithaa/ai.

Aenia?eiaioe oaeiae iieacaee, ui oiaueia eeaeiaiai oa?o ia aieeaa? ia
i?oei?noue c’?aeiaiiy noaeue-aaoii ae?eeiaith eiiiiceoe??th.

O /aoaa?o?e aeaa? iiaeathoueny ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aea/aiiy
i?ioeano i?aeaioiaee iiaa?oi? aaoiio aei i?eeeathaaiiy oe?ooaaeueieie
iaoeieaie ??cieo eiino?oeoe?e. O aeaiee /an ii?yae c o?aaeeoe?eieie
iaoai?/ieie caniaaie iineoaiaothoueny aeaeo?i?ino?oiaioe i?ia?aeieo
?a?iiaenueeeo ae?iaiee?a.

Aeey aeine?aeaeaiue c i/euaiiy iiaa?oi? aaoiio canoiniaoaaee
oe?ooaaeueio iaoeieo ELTOS. sse ?iai/? ianaaeee aeei?enoiaoaaee
oe?ooaaeuei? e?oae o??ie “Ciiiaioeaen”.

Aenia?eiaioe ii i/euaiith aaoiiii? iiaa?oi? oe?ooaaeueieie iaoeieaie
i?iaiaeeee aeey aecia/aiiy /ano i/enoee iiaa?oi? caeaaeii a?ae ieiu?
i?eeeathaaiiy, noi?iie aaoiioaaiiy, i?oeiino? aaoiio, aeaeo
oe?ooaaeueiiai e?oaa (e?oii?noue ca?ai: 16-24 — a?oaa ca?ii, 30-60 —
na?aaei? ca?ii, 70-220 — ae??aia ca?ii).

C ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaioo aeoiaeeoue, ui /an i/enoee iiaa?oi? aaoiio
cia/iith i??ith caeaaeeoue a?ae ieiu? i?eeeathaaiiy. Oae, aeey i/euaiiy
aaoiiii? iiaa?oi?, ui yaey? niaith “iec” aaoiioaaiiy ieiuath
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 iaiao?aeii a na?aaeiueiai aeo?aoeoe
25 nae, aeey ieiu?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 — 40 nae, aeey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 — 75 nae, aeey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 — 160 nae, aeey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 — 390 nae. ?c
ca?eueoaiiyi ieiu? i/enoee aaoiio ciaioo?oueny

eiao?oe??io iaeii??aeiino? iieacieea ?? /ano. Oe? aeai? aeacothoue ia
oa, ui ca?eueoaiiy ieiu? i?eeeathaaiiy i?ecaiaeeoue aei iii?oiiai
c?inoaiiy /ano ia i/enoeo aaoiio.

Ia i?aeaioiaeo iiaa?oi? aaoiio, ui yaey? niaith “iec” aaoiioaaiiy,
aeo?a/a?oueny a na?aaeiueiio ia 55% iaioa /ano, i?ae ia i/euaiiy o??? ae
ieiu? “aa?oo” aaoiioaaiiy.

*an i/enoee iiaa?oi? aaoiio aaaaoi a /iio caeaaeeoue a?ae e?oiiino?
ca?ai oe?ooaaeueiiai e?oaa. Iai?eeeaae, ia i/euaiiy aaoiiii? iiaa?oi?
ieiuath 225 ni2 oe?ooaaeueieie e?oaaie c a?oaei ca?iii 16, 20, 24
a?aeiia?aeii aoei cao?a/aii 160, 170, 186 nae. Aeacai? aeua o?e niiniae
i?aeaioiaee iiaa?oi? aaoiio oa?aeoa?ecothoueny aeineoue aeecueeeie
cia/aiiyie /ano i/enoee ? aenieeie iieacieeaie eiao?oe??ioa
iaeii??aeiino? (0,86…0,92).

Uiaei oe?ooaaeueieo e?oa?a ?c na?aaeiueith e?oii?noth ca?ai, oi i?e
e?oiiino? 30 ? 34 a?aeiia?aeii aeo?a/a?oueny 230, 264 nae. Iieacaiiy
/ano i?e i/euaii? oe?ooaaeueiei e?oaii ?c na?aaeiueith e?oii?noth ca?ai
a?eueo?, i?ae i?e a?oa?e e?oiiino?, ? eiao?oe??io iaeii??aeiino?
a?aeiia?aeii iaioee — 0,79 ? 0,83.

Ia iniia? o?iiiiao?aaeieo aeaieo anoaiiaeaii eiao?oe??io caeaaeiino?
/ano i/enoee iiaa?oi? aaoiio 1 aei2 a?ae e?oiiino? ca?ai
oe?ooaaeueiiai

e?oaa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: aeey e?oiiino? ca?ai 16 a?i neeaaea?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1, aeey e?oiiino? ca?ai 20 —

— 1,05, aeey e?oiiino? ca?ai 24 — 1,15, aeey e?oiiino? ca?ai 30 — 1,44,
aeey e?oiiino? ca?ai 34 — 1,64. *an i/euaiiy aaoiiii? iiaa?oi? aaeeeith
i??ith caeaaeeoue a?ae eiai i?oeiino?. Oae, ia i/enoeo iiaa?oi? aaoiio
eeano A7,5 aeo?a/aii 125 nae., a aaoiio eean?a A10, A12,5 ? A15 —
a?aeiia?aeii 137, 148 ? 160 nae. Ia oo naio ieiuo iiaa?oi? aaoiio eean?a
A20 ? A25 aoei cao?a/aii a?eueoa /ano — 189 ? 223 nae. Eiao?oe??io
iaeii??aeiino? i?e oeueiio a?aeiia?aeii ca?eueoeany — 0,80; 0,82; 0,85;
0,89 ? 0,91.

Ia i?aenoaa? oeeo aeaieo aecia/aii eiao?oe??io caeaaeiino? /ano i/enoee
iiaa?oi? 1 aei2 aaoiio a?ae eiai eeano oa “noi?iie” aaoiioaaiiy. I?e
eean?

aaoiio A7,5 aeey aa?oo aaoiioaaiiy k2 = 1,12, aeey “ieco” aaoiioaaiiy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 = 0,78; i?e eean? A10 ia
i/enoeo “aa?oo” aaoiioaaiiy k2 = 1,22, “ieco” aaoiioaaiiy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 0,85; i?e eean? A12,5
k2 = 1,42 ?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 0,93; i?e eean? A15 k2 =
1,44 ?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 1; i?e eean? A20 k2 = 1,7
?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 1,18 ? i?e eean? aaoiio
A25 k2 = = 2 ?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 1,39.

Aieea aeuaaeacaieo oaeoi??a iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe i?e aeai??
e?eueeino? oe?ooaaeueieo iaoeiie aeey i/euaiiy iiaa?oi? aaoiio i?ae
i?eeeathaaiiy.

O i’yo?e aeaa? iaaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeii-i?iieneiaiai
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oaoiieia?? aacaiea?iiai e??ieaiiy ae?eeiaei eea?i, a
oaeiae aecia/aiiy ?? oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?.

Aeine?aeii-i?iieneiao ia?aa??eo cae?enithaaee i?e aoae?aieoeoa? oa
?aeiino?oeoe?? ia’?eo?a ?yaeo i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa. Oae, i?e
?a-eiino?oeoe?? noaioe?? oaoi?/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy o nae. I?ni/ei? (i.
Oa?e?a) aacaiea?iei niiniaii aoei cae??ieaii 22 iaeeieoe? aa?noaoiiai
iaeaaeiaiiy, oaoiieia?/i? eiino?oeoe??, a oaeiae aeaa eiiaae??e. Anueiai
aoei aeeiiaii 272 iaeeieoe? e??ieaiiy. I?e oeueiio eiai i?iaiaeeee ye ca
aeiiiiiaith e??ieeueieo aoce?a, oae ? aaciina?aaei?i i?eeeathaaiiyi
iii?ieo /anoei iaeaaeiaiiy, oaoiieia?/ieo eiino?oeoe?e oa noiye?a
o?ainii?oieo eiioaea??a.

I?e nii?oaeaeaii? i?io?aeieo aeaeo?ieaaaeueieo ooiae?a ia Caii??cueeiio
eienio?icaaiae? ca aeiiiiiaith ae?eeiaeo eea?a aoei cae??ieaii 240
iaeeieoeue aeaeo?ieaaaeueieo ?icaaaeaiue ia cae?ciaaoiiieo no?iao
eaiae?a. Aeei?enoaiiy eeaeiaiai c’?aeiaiiy ooo aoei iaoiiaeaii oei, ui
i?e caaaeaii? ca??ieo cae?ciaaoiiieo no?i ia aoee anoaiiaeai? caeeaaei?
aeaoae? aeey e??ieaiiy aeaeo?ieaaaeueieo eiino?oeoe?e. Canoinoaaiiy a
oeueiio aeiaaeeo iiaa?oiaaiai i?eeeathaaiiy e??ieeueieo aoce?a aeyaeeiny
?aeeiei niiniaii cae??ieaiiy aeaeo?ieaaaeueiiai ?icaaaeaiiy.

I?e aecia/aii? oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? aeacaiiai niiniao
e??ieaiiy eiai ii??aithaaee c iaea?eueo iioe?aiei o aoae?aieoeoa?
aa??aioii, eiee aiea?e caeeaaeiiai aeaiaioo cae??ieththoue iiiie?oiei
aaoiiii o ae?oaaieo a eiino?oeoe?? oaioeyo. Ianya ?ia?o i?e oeueiio
aeeaa 720 iaeeieoeue e??ieaiue. Aiae?c ?ic?aooie?a na?ae/eoue i?i
aoaeoeai?noue ai?iaaaeaeaiiy cai?iiiiiaaiiai aa??aioo. Oae, cao?aoe
i?aoe? ia aoae?aaeueii-iiioaaeieo ?iaioao ca aoaeiiiei aa??aioii
noaiiaeee 3128 ethae.-aiae, a i?e aeei?enoaii? cai?iiiiiaaiiai — 116,6
ethae.-aiae. Oea a 26,8 ?ac?a iaioa a?ae aoaeiiiiai aa??aioo. I?e
ai?iaaaeaeaii? aeacaiiai niiniao e??ieaiiy ciaioo?oueny aeo?aoa
iaoa??ae?a: iiiie?oiiai aaoiio — ia 2,9 i3, a?iaoo?e — ia 0,52 o.

O AI “OAIC” (i. Oa?e?a) aoei cae?eniaii e??ieaiiy 34 iaeeieoeue
aa?noaoiiai iaeaaeiaiiy c eaaeei oa na?aaei?i ?aaeeiaie ?iaioe ia
?nioth/eo aaoiiieo i?aeeiaao oa ooiaeaiaioao. E??ieaiiy i?iaiaeeee ca
aeiiiiiaith e??ieeueieo aoce?a ? aaciina?aaei?i i?eeeathaaiiyi iii?ieo
/anoei aa?noao?a. Anueiai anoaiiaeee 246 iaeeieoeue e??ieaiiy. I?e
aeyaeaii? oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ?icaeyaeoaaii? oaoiieia?? ye
aoaeiiiee aa??aio ia?aee i?ioean e??ieaiiy iaeaaeiaiiy aei ooiaeaiaio?a
ca aeiiiiiaith aiea??a, caeeaaeaieo o aaoiiiee oaiaoeue. Aiae?c iieacaa,
ui cai?iiiiiaaiee aa??aio aeicaiey? cieceoe cao?aoe i?aoe? iaeaea a 60
?ac?a, ciaioeoe aeo?aoo aaoiio ia 54 i3 ? nei?ioeoe no?ie aaaaeaiiy a
aenieoaoaoe?th aa?noao?a o 14 ?ac?a.

O oe?e aeaa? oaeiae iaaiaeyoueny caoiaee aaciaee i?e aeeiiaii? ?ia?o ii
noai?aiith aacaiea?ieo e??ieaiue ae?eeiaeie eiiiiceoe?yie.

CAAAEUeI? AENIIAEE

1. Ia iniia? cai?iiiiiaaieo eiino?oeoe?e aacaiea?iiai e??ieaiiy
iaeaaeiaiiy oa ?iaeaia?ieo eiioi?eaoe?e ae?eeiaeie eiiiiceoe?yie
?ic?iaeai? iiiia?aoe?ei? oaoiieia?/i? noaie eiai cae?eniaiiy ia
ai?eciioaeuei?e aai aa?oeeaeuei?e aaoiii?e iiaa?oi? aoae?aaeueieo
eiino?oeoe?e.

2. O ?acoeueoao? aiae?oe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue oaoiieia?? i?ioeano
noai?aiiy aacaiea?iiai e??ieaiiy anoaiiaeai?:

— aca?iica’ycie i?ae iniiaieie ia?aiao?aie oeueiai i?ioeano,
oaoiieia?/iith aeeoo?caeaoi?noth ae?eeiaiai eeath, eiino?oeoeaieie
iniaeeainoyie e??ieeueieo aoce?a, a oaeiae niiniaaie aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o
(iine?aeiaiei aai ia?aeaeueiei);

— cia/aiiy oaoiieia?/ii? aeeoo?caeaoiino? ae?eeiai? eiiiiceoe??, yea
iiaeiia aooe 1,5 aiae ? a?eueoa ? iaoiiaethaaoe i?e oeueiio aenie?
ia?aiao?e i?ioeano;

— ci?iia ?ioaineai?noue aeaoooaaiiy aacaiea?iiai e??ieaiiy ? iana
iioeiaeueiiai cai?no ca ci?io caeaaeii a?ae oaoiieia?/ii? caeaoiino?
eeath ? niiniao cae?eniaiiy aacaiea?iiai e??ieaiiy;

— ii?ie /ano oa ae?ia?oeo i?e i?eeeathaaiiy e??ieeueieo aoce?a caeaaeii
a?ae niiniao aeaoooaaiiy aacaiea?iiai e??ieaiiy.

3. Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue na?ae/eoue, ui iacaeaaeii a?ae
niiniao noai?aiiy aacaiea?iiai e??ieaiiy ? oaoiieia?/ii?
aeeoo?caeaoiino? eiiiiceoo i?e e?eueeino? a?eueoa 80 e??ieaiue ca ci?io
?aeiiaiaeo?oueny canoiniaoaaoe ia?aeaeueiee niin?a aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o.

4. Aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii aieea oaeeo
oaoiieia?/ieo oaeoi??a ia i?oei?noue eeaeiaiai c’?aeiaiiy noaeue-aaoii
ae?eeiaei eea?i:

— niin?a i?aeaioiaee iiaa?oi? aaoiio aei neeathaaiiy (iaea?eueoa
i?oei?noue caaacia/o?oueny i?e i/euaii? iiaa?oi? aaoiio aa?aceaiei
e?oaii);

— noi?iia aaoiioaaiiy aoae?aaeueii? eiino?oeoe??, ia yeo cae?eniththoue
i?eeeathaaiiy e??ieeueieo aoce?a (i?oei?noue c’?aeiaiiy c?inoa? ia
40-60% o aeiaaeeo i?eeeathaaiiy ieanoeie aei ieco aaoiioaaiiy ii??aiyii
c i?eeeathaaiiyi aei eiai aa?oo).

Anoaiiaeaii, ui oiaueia eeaeiaiai oa?o ia aieeaa? ia i?oei?noue
c’?aeiaiiy.

5. Aenia?eiaioaeueii aecia/aii aieea ianooiieo eiino?oeoeaieo oa
oaoiieia?/ieo oaeoi??a ia /an i/euaiiy iiaa?oi? aaoiio aa?aceaieie
e?oaaie:

— noi?iia aaoiioaaiiy aoae?aaeueii? eiino?oeoe?? (aeey i/euaiiy
iiaa?oi? aaoiio, ui yaey? niaith iec aaoiioaaiiy, iio??aii ia 40-50%
/ano iaioa, i?ae iiaa?oi? aa?oo aaoiioaaiiy);

— e?oii?noue ca?ai aa?aceaiiai e?oaa (i?e ciaioaii? e?oiiino? ca?ai c
16 aei 34 /an i/euaiiy iiaa?oi? aaoiio ca?eueoo?oueny iaeaea ia 50%);

— i?oei?noue aaoiio (c i?aeaeuaiiyi eeano aaoiio ca i?oei?noth /an
i/euaiiy iiaa?oi? c?inoa?);

6. Oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ia ii??aiyiiy cai?iiiiiaaii? oaoiieia?? aacaiea?iiai
e??ieaiiy ae?eeiaeie eeayie c ?nioth/eie na?ae/eoue i?i aeiiii?/i?noue
cae?eniaieo ?ic?iaie. Ae?iaie/a ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?? aeicaieeei ciaioeoe
aeo?aoe iaoaeo ia 0,5 o, aaoiio — ia 73 i3, o?oaeia? cao?aoe — ia 1240
ethae.-aei?a. Ie??i oiai, canoinoaaiiy oaeeo e??ieaiue aea? ciiao
nei?ioeoe /an aaaaeaiiy ?o a aenieoaoaoe?th a 14 ?ac.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? a oaeeo ?iaioao:

1. Ii?eianeay I.A., Cieioia I.N., Iio?eia E.A. ?ano?ninaa?aaeaiey i?e
aiea?ionoaiiai/iuo ?aaioao // Oac. aeiee. Iaaeaeoia?iae. iao/i.-i?aeo.
eiioa?aioeee “I?iaeaiu e ia?niaeoeau ?ano?ninaa?aaeaiey a aee-

eeuii-eiiioiaeueiii oicyenoaa”. — Oa?ueeia, 1995. — N. 33-34.

2. Ii?eianeay I.A. Yooaeoeaiinoue eniieueciaaiey ae?eeiauo eeaa a
aiea?ionoaiiai/iuo ?aaioao // Oac. aeiee. XXVIII iao/.-oaoi. eiio.
i?aiiaeaaaoaeae, anie?aioia e nio?oaeieeia OAAAO, *.3. — Oa?ueeia: 1996.
— N. 52-53.

3. Ii?eianeay I.A. Iooe nie?auaiey cao?ao i?e aacaiea?iuo niiniaao
e?aieaiey iai?oaeiaaiey e eiiioieeaoeee ae?eeiauie eeayie // Oac. aeiee.
XXVIII iao/.-oaoi. eiio. i?aiiaeaaaoaeae, anie?aioia e nio?oaeieeia
OAAAO, *.3. — Oa?ueeia: 1996. — N. 56-57.

4. Ii?eianeay I.A., Neaei?aiei A.A. Aeeyiea ia i?i/iinoue niaaeeiaiey
noaeue-aaoii ae?eeiaui eeaai niiniaa iiaeaioiaee iiaa?oiinoe aaoiia e
neeaeaaieth // Oac. aeiee. IV Oe?aeineie iao/.-oaoi. eiio. “I?eiaiaiea
ieanoiann a no?ieoaeuenoaa e ai?iaeneii oicyenoaa”. — Oa?ueeia, 1996. —
N. 61-63.

5. Ii?eianeay I.A. Oaoiieiaey aacaiea?iiai e?aieaiey ia ae?eeiauo eeayo
// Oac. aeiee. IV Oe?aeineie iao/.-oaoi. eiio. “I?eiaiaiea ieanoiann a
no?ieoaeuenoaa e ai?iaeneii oicyenoaa”. — Oa?ueeia, 1996. — N. 91-92.

6. Ii?eianeay I.A. Eioaineaiinoue i?eeeaeaaiey e?aiaaeiuo oceia // Oac.
aeiee. XXIX iao/.-oaoi. eiio. i?aiiaeaaaoaeae, anie?aioia e nio?oaeieeia
OAAAO, *.3. — Oa?ueeia, 1998. — N. 38-39.

7. Ii?eianeay I.A., Oooaiei E.I., Cieioia I.N. Aeeyiea iaeioi?uo
oaoiieiae/aneeo oaeoi?ia ia i?i/iinoue niaaeeiaiey noaeue-aaoii
ae?eeiauie eeayie / ?anioae. iaaeaaae. iao/.-oaoi. na. “Eiiioiaeueiia
oicyenoai ai?iaeia”. — E.: Oaoieea, 1996. — Aui. 6. — N. 14-17.

8. Ii?eianeay I.A., Cieioia I.N. Oaoie/aneea n?aaenoaa nicaeaiey
aacaiea?iiai e?aieaiey iai?oaeiaaiey e eiaeaia?iuo eiiioieeaoeee /
?anioae. iaaeaaae. iao/.-oaoi. na. “Eiiioiaeueiia oicyenoai ai?iaeia”. —
E.: Oaoieea, 1997. — Aui. 8. — N. 37-39.

9. Ii?eianeay I.A., Cieioia I.N. Oaoiieiae/aneea i?eaiu nicaeaiey
aacaiea?iuo e?aieaiee ia ae?eeiauo eeayo / ?anioae. iaaeaaae.
iao/.-oaoi. na. “Eiiioiaeueiia oicyenoai ai?iaeia”. — E.: Oaoieea, 1997.
— Aui. 9. — N. 46-49.

10. Ii?eianeay I.A. Aeeyiea niiniaia aacaiea?iiai e?aieaiey ia
eioaineaiinoue i?eeeaeee e?aiaaeiuo oceia ae?eeiauie eeayie / ?anioae.
iaaeaaae. iao/.-oaoi. na. “Eiiioiaeueiia oicyenoai ai?iaeia”. — E.:
Oaoieea, 1998. — Aui. 14. — N. 56-59.

11. Ii?eianeay I.A., Cieioia I.N. Cao?aou o?oaea ia nicaeaiea
aacaiea?iuo e?aieaiee ae?eeiaui eeaai / ?anioae. iaaeaaae. iao/.-oaoi.
na. “Eiiioiaeueiia oicyenoai ai?iaeia”. — E.: Oaoieea, 1998. —
Aui. 15. — N. 30-32.

AIIOAOe?ss

Ii?eianueea I.A. Oaoiieia?y aacaiea?iiai e??ieaiiy iaeaaeiaiiy oa
?iaeaia?ieo eiioi?eaoe?e ae?eeiaeie eiiiiceoe?yie. ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
?c niaoe?aeueiino? 05.23.08 — “Oaoiieia?y i?iieneiaiai oa oeea?eueiiai
aoae?aieoeoaa”, Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao
aoae?aieoeoaa oa a?o?oaeoo?e, i. Oa?e?a, 1999, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe
Oe?a?ie.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ?ic?iaoe? oaoiieia?e aacaiea?iiai e??ieaiiy
iaeaaeiaiiy oa ?iaeaia?ieo eiioi?eaoe?e ae?eeiaeie eiiiiceoe?yie. Aiia
aeicaiey? cae?enithaaoe i?eeeathaaiiy e??ieeueieo aoce?a aei
ai?eciioaeueieo oa aa?oeeaeueieo iiaa?oiiue aaoiiieo ? cae?ciaaoiiieo
eiino?oeoe?e. Iaea?aeaii aiae?oe/i? caeaaeiino? aeey ?ic?aooieo i?ioeano
aeaoooaaiiy aacaiea?iiai e??ieaiiy ae?eeiaeie eiiiiceoe?yie i?e
iine?aeiaiiio e ia?aeaeueiiio niiniaao aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o.

Aenia?eiaioaeueii anoaiiaeaii aieea ??cieo oaoiieia?/ieo oaeoi??a ia
i?oei?noue eeaeiaiai c’?aeiaiiy noaeue-aaoii. Aecia/ai? niiniae
i?aeaioiaee iiaa?oiiue aaoiio ? iaoaeo aei neeathaaiiy ? iaiao?aei? aeey
oeueiai iaoai?cie.

Anoaiiaeai? oaoiieia?/i? oa eiino?oeoeai? oaeoi?e, ui aieeaathoue ia
/an i?aeaioiaee iiaa?oi? aaoiio aei neeathaaiiy.

Oaoiieia?y aacaiea?iiai e??ieaiiy ai?iaaaeaeaia ia ?yae? i?iieneiaeo
ia’?eo?a Oe?a?ie, aea canoinoaaiiy ?? aeaei cia/iee oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/iee
aoaeo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aacaiea?ia e??ieaiiy, e??ieeueiee aocie; ae?eeiaa
eiiiiceoe?y; eeaeiaa c’?aeiaiiy; oaoiieia?/i? oaeoi?e; oaoiieia?/i?
ia?aiao?e; iiaa?oiy aaoiio.

AIIIOAOeEss

Ii?eianeay I.A. Oaoiieiaey aacaiea?iiai e?aieaiey iai?oaeiaaiey e
eiaeaia?iuo eiiioieeaoeee ae?eeiauie eiiiiceoeeyie. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.23.08 — “Oaoiieiaey i?iiuoeaiiiai e a?aaeaeaineiai
no?ieoaeuenoaa”, Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao
no?ieoaeuenoaa e a?oeoaeoo?u. a. Oa?ueeia, 1999, Ieienoa?noai
ia?aciaaiey Oe?aeiu.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ?ac?aaioea oaoiieiaee aacaiea?iiai e?aiea-iey
iai?oaeiaaiey e eiaeaia?iuo eiiioieeaoeee ae?eeiauie eiiiice-oeeyie,
iicaieythuae i?iecaiaeeoue i?eeeaeeo e?aiaaeiuo oceia e ai?ecii-oaeueiui
e aa?oeeaeueiui iiaa?oiinoyi aaoiiiuo e aeaeaciaaoiiiuo eiino?oeoeee.

E?aieaiea iai?oaeiaaiey e aioiaui aaoiiiui eee aeaeaciaaoiiiui
eiino?oeoeeyi aacaiea?iuo niiniaii inouanoaeyaony ii iaeiie ec o?ao
oaoiieiae/aneeo noai: i?eeeaeaaiea ae?eeiaui eeaai e?aiaaeiuo oceia
iinea iiioaaea oaoiieiae/aneiai iai?oaeiaaiey; i?eeeaeaaiea e?aiaaeiuo
oceia aei iiioaaea iai?oaeiaaiey; i?eeeaeaaiea iii?iuo /anoae
iai?oaeiaa-

iey a i?ioeanna iiioaaea iai?oaeiaaiey.

E?aieaiea eiaeaia?iuo eiiioieeaoeee i?iecaiaeeony ii neaaeothuae
oaoiieiae/aneie noaia: i?eeeaeea e?aiaaeiiai ocea e aa?oeeaeueiie
ii-aa?oiinoe aaoiia e oaea?aeaiea aai a i?iaeoiii iieiaeaiee aei
ieii/aiey ioaa?aeaeaiey ae?eeiaiai eiiiiceoeee. Iiioaae
yeaeo?ieaaaeueiuo ?acaiaeie iiaeao auiieiyoueny ii aeaoi noaiai:
iiaeaanea eiino?oeoeee ia e?aiaaeiue ocae eee iaiin?aaenoaaiiay
i?eeeaeea eo e iiaa?oiinoe aaoiia.

I?e aiaeeoe/aneii enneaaeiaaiee auee ?anniio?aiu aeaa niiniaa
i?iecaiaenoaa ?aaio ii i?eeeaeea e?aiaaeiuo oceia eee iii?iuo /anoae
iai?oaeiaaiey — iineaaeiaaoaeueiue e ia?aeeaeueiue. A ?acoeueoaoa
ii?aaea-eaiu caaeneiinoe eioaineaiinoe, ii?iu a?aiaie ia ono?ienoai
e?aiaae-iiai ocea e ae?oaeo oaoiieiae/aneeo ia?aiao?ia io
oaoiieiae/aneie aeecianiiniaiinoe ae?eeiaiai eeay e niiniaa aaaeaiey
?aaio. Iieo/aiu aiaeeoe/aneea caaeneiinoe aeey ?an/aoa oeacaiiuo
ia?aiao?ia i?ioeanna.

Yenia?eiaioaeueii ii?aaeaeaii aeeyiea ?acee/iuo oaoiieiae/aneeo
oaeoi?ia ia i?i/iinoue eeaaaiai niaaeeiaiey noaeue-aaoii. E iei, a
/anoiinoe, ioiineony aeeyiea niiniaia iiaeaioiaee iiaa?oiinoe aaoiia e
iaoaeea e neeaeaaieth, aeeyiea noi?iiu aaoiie?iaaiey
no?ieoaeueiuo

eiino?oeoeee, a oaeaea oieueiu eeaaaiai neiy.

Onoaiiaeaiu oaoiieiae/aneea e eiino?oeoeaiua oaeoi?u, aeeythuea ia
a?aiy iiaeaioiaee iiaa?oiinoe aaoiia e neeaeaaieth. Yenia?eiaiou
iieacaee, /oi iii a cia/eoaeueiie ia?a caaeneo io ieiuaaee i?eeeaeee,
ianoa i?eeeaeee ia iiaa?oiinoe aaoiia, i?aaenoaaeythuae aa?o eee iec
aaoiie?iaaiey no?ieoaeueiie eiino?oeoeee, e?oiiinoe ca?ai aa?aceaiuo
e?oaia, a oaeaea i?i/iinoe aaoiia.

Oaoiieiaey aacaiea?iiai e?aieaiey aiaae?aia ia ?yaea i?iiuoeaiiuo
iauaeoia Oe?aeiu, aaea i?eiaiaiea aa aeaei cia/eoaeueiue
oaoieei-yeiiiie/aneee yooaeo.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aacaiea?iia e?aieaiea, e?aiaaeiue ocae; ae?eeiaay
eiiiiceoeey; eeaaaia niaaeeiaiea; oaoiieiae/aneea oaeoi?u;
oaoiieiae/aneea ia?aiao?u; iiaa?oiinoue aaoiia.

ANNOTATION

Morkovskaya N.G. The technology of anchorless equipment glueing and
engineering communications with acrylic composites. — Manuscript.

The thesis for a candidates degree (Engineering) on the speciality
05.23.08 — “The technology of industrial and civil construction”,
Kharkov State Technical University of Construction and Architecture.
Kharkov, 1999, The Ministry of Education of Ukraine.

The thesis is devoted to elaboration of the technology of anchorless
equipment glueing and engineering communications with acrylic
composites. It allows to glue an assembly unit to horisontal and
vertical surfaces of concrete and reinforced concrete structures.
Analytic dependences for calculation of assembly glueing process of
anchorless glueing with acrylic composites when wing consecutive and
parallel working methods have obtained.

The influence of different technological factors on the strength of the
glueing joint steel-concrete has been experimentally defined. The
techniques of preparing concrete and metal surfaces for glueing and the
necessary mechanisms of the process have been established.

The technology of anchorless glueing has been introduced in many
industrial enterprises in Ukraine.

The application of the technology produced a definite technological and
economic effect.

Key words: actulic compositr, glueing joint, anchorless glueing,
assemblu glueing, technological factors, technological parameters,
concrete surface.

A?aeiia?aeaeueiee ca aeione A.I.Aa?aoc

___________________________________________________________________

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 1999. Oi?iao 60 o 84. 1/16.

Ae?oe ionaoiee.

Ianya 1,0 iae.-aeae. a?e. Oe?aae 100 i?ei. Caiiae. ? .
Aaceiooiaii

___________________________________________________________________

OAeAIA, 310002, Oa?e?a, aoe. ?aaiethoe??, 12

Naeoi? iia?aoeaii? iie?a?ao?? ?IOe OAeAIA

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