17

IAOe?IIAEUeIEE AA?A?IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

IIIIAA Ethaeieea Ieeiea?aia

OAeE 631.5:635.262 (477.7)

OAOIIEIA?*I? I?EEIIE NAAe?IIss ? CAA??AAIIss IINAAeEIAIAI IAOA??AEO
*ANIEEO IANO??EEOTH-*IAI ss?IAI A I?AAeAIIIIO NOAIO OE?A?IE

06.01.06 — iai/?aieoeoai

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

EE?A — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? ieiaeiiai/?aieoeoaa Iaeanueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ?inoeoooo I?i?noa?noaa AIE
Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: Aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?
Eeoaoeueeee A?oae?e ?aaiiae/, Oiainueea n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueea
aeaaeai?y, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e iai/?aieoeoaa

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: Aeaaeai?e AI AO Oe?a?ie, aeieoi?
n?euenueeiainii-aea?nueeeo iaoe, i?ioani? Aieionueeeo Ieaenaiae?
Noaiaiiae/, Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e oaoiieia?? n?euenueei-ainiiaea?nueeeo i?iaeoeo?a oa
ieiaeiiai/?aieoeoaa

Eaiaeeaeao n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, I??ioie-/aiei Aaiia
?aai?aia, ?inoeooo iai/?aieoeoaa ? aaooaiieoeoaa OAAI, a/aiee nae?aoa?

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: A?iieoeueeee aea?aeaaiee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeee
?inoeooo I?i?noa?noaa AIE Oe?a?ie

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 27 ” aeiaoiy 1999?. i 10 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.004.04 a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio aa?a?iiio
oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 252041, i. Ee?a-41, aoe. Aa?i?a iai?iie, 15,
iaa-/aeueiee ei?ion 3, aoaeeoi??y 65.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: 252041, i. Ee?a-41, aoe. Aa?i?a
iai?iie, 11, iaa/aeueiee ei?ion 10, /eoaeueiee cae.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “16 ” aa?aniy 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Aaeaaaeei A.O.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. *aniee a?aeiineoueny aei a?oie iai/aaeo eoeueoo?,
ye? caaaeyee ai?noo o?oiioeeae?a, aenieei niaeiaei ? iiaeeaiei yeinoyi
ei?enoothoueny iaeaaeiei iiieoii o ianaeaiiy.

Aeey iiaiiai caaacia/aiiy iio?aa o /anieeo iaiao?aeii ae?iuoaaoe a
Oe?a?i? ia iaioa 21-26 oen. oiii a ??e. Oaeoe/ii ae ae?iaieoeoai cia/ii
iaioa. A Oe?a?i? /aniee caeia? aeecueei 1% ieiu?, a?aeaaaeaii? i?ae
iai/aa? eoeueoo?e. O?iaeaei?noue eiai iaaeniea ? noaiiaeoue a
na?aaeiueiio a?ae 1 aei 3 o/aa, a oie /an ye a?ieia?/i? iiaeeeaino?
iiaeooue caaacia/eoe io?eiaiiy 8 — 9 o/aa. Iniaeeai aino?i noi?oue
ieoaiiy ae?iuoaaiiy /anieeo a i?aaeaiiiio Noaio Oe?a?ie: ciia
caaacia/o? nai? iio?aae ia 30% ca ?aooiie i?eaaoiiai ae?iaieoeoaa ? ia
70% — ca ?aooiie iinoa/aiiy c ?ioeo ?aeii?a oa ?iii?oo. *aniee
ae?iuo?oueny ia iaeeo ae?eyieao (1 — 4 aa), ui iio?aao? aaeeeeo cao?ao
?o/ii? i?aoe?.

Caaaeaiiy caaacia/aiiy iio?aa caaaeaii? ciie a /anieeo iiaeia ?ica’ycaoe
oeyoii iioe?aiiy /anieeo iano??eeoth/iai y?iai. I?ioa a?i ia? iaiaaeaia
iioe?aiiy. Iaei??th c i?e/ei, ui no?eio? ae?iuoaaiiy /anieeo y?iai, ?
eiai iecueea o?iaeaei?noue. Oeae iaaeie?e coiiaeaiee ia eeoa
a?ieia?/ieie iiaeeeainoyie, aea e iaaeinoaoi?i aea/aiiyi oaoiieia?? eiai
ae?iuoaaiiy a ie?aieo a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo ciiao. Oiio aea/aiiy iniiaieo
oaoiieia?/ieo i?eeii?a ae?iuoaaiiy /anieeo y?iai a i?aaeaiiiio Noaio
Oe?a?ie ? ae?ae iaiao?aeiei.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie. Aeeeaaeai? a aeena?oaoe?ei?e
?iaio? ?acoeueoaoe aaciina?aaei?o aeine?aeaeaiue aaoi?a c ieoaiue
aea/aiiy oaoiieia?/ieo i?eeii?a naae?iiy oa caa??aaiiy iinaaeeiaiai
iaoa??aeo /anieeo iano??eeoth/iai y?iai, aeeiiaieo a 1995 — 1998??., ?
?icae?eii iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue eaoaae?e iai/?aieoeoaa ? o?c?ieia??
?ineei Iaeanueeiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ?inoeoooo, oaia 10 ??
0186.0 123273, eii?aeeiiaaieo ?IA OAAI.

Iaoith ?iaioe ? oaeineiiaeaiiy eiiieaeno oaoiieia?/ieo i?eeii?a naae?iiy
? caa??aaiiy iinaaeeiaiai iaoa??aeo /anieeo y?iai, ui caaacia/eoue
io?eiaiiy aeniei? noaei? o?iaeaeiino? i?e aenie?e ?aioaaaeueiino? eiai
ae?iuoaaiiy a i?aaeaiiiio Noaio Oe?a?ie.

O caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue aoiaeeei aea/aiiy ieoaiue aieeao ieiu aeeaeaiiy
?ineei, no?ie?a oa aeeaeie naae?iiy coae?a ? niinia?a caa??aaiiy
iinaaeeiaiai iaoa??aeo /anieeo y?iai ia ??no ? ?icaeoie ?ineei,
o?c?ieiai-a?io?i?/i? i?ioeane, o?iaeaei?noue ? ye?noue i?iaeoeoe??, a
oaeiae aeiiii?/io oa a?iaia?aaoe/io aoaeoeai?noue ae?iuoaaiiy eoeueoo?e.
Eiie?aoecaoe?y ? iaa?oiooaaiiy iioeiaeueieo ia?aiao??a oaoiieia?/ieo
i?eeii?a naae?iiy ? caa??aaiiy iinaaeeiaiai iaoa??aeo.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

— Aia?oa a i?aaeaiiiio Noaio Oe?a?ie io?eiaii aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai?,
iia’ycai? c oi?ioaaiiyi o?iaeath oeeaoeei /anieeo iano??eeoth/iai y?iai.

— Aia?oa aeine?aeaeaii aieea iniiaieo oaoiieia?/ieo i?eeii?a naae?iiy oa
caa??aaiiy iinaaeeiaiai iaoa??aeo ia aeeiai?eo ?inoo ? ?icaeoeo ?ineei
oa /enoo i?iaeoeoeai?noue oioineioaco, ye?noue ? eaaee?noue oeeaoeei
/anieeo iano??eeoth/iai y?iai.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aecia/aii iioeiaeuei?
ia?aiao?e eiiieaeno oaoiieia?/ieo i?eeii?a, cie?aia ieiu aeeaeaiiy
?ineei a caeaaeiino? a?ae o?aeoe?? coae?a, no?ieo ? aeeaeie
naae?iiy oa niiniao caa??aaiiy iinaaeeiaiai iaoa??aeo, ui caaacia/o?
io?eiaiiy noaei? aeniei? o?iaeaeiino? (9,0 — 12,5 o/aa) /anieeo
iano??eeoth/iai y?iai ni?oo Oe?a?inueeee a?eee aoeyei?euenueeee a
i?aaeaiiiio Noaio Oe?a?ie.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe iaoeiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue, iaaaaeai? a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?, io?eiai? aaoi?ii
iniaenoi.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe iaoeiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue aoee aeianai? ia eiioa?aioe??
i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo ? ani??aio?a IAeNA? ca
?acoeueoaoaie iaoeiaeo iiooe?a a 1996-1999??., a oaeiae ia ?aa?iiaeueieo
ia?aaeao c ieoaiue iai/?aieoeoaa i?aaeiy Oe?a?ie oa Iaeanueei? iaeano?
(1997-1998??.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 6 iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue.

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 180
noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, i?noeoue 50 oaaeeoeue, 18 ?enoie?a.
?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, 7 ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo
e?oa?aoo?e c 164 aeaea?ae ? aeiaeaoe?a.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

1. Oaoiieia?/i? i?eeiie ae?iuoaaiiy /anieeo

Aaaaoaoeaiee niin?a ?iciiiaeaiiy /anieeo ? iaaecae/aeia i?ieea?noue
?ineei a caeaaeiino? a?ae aeieia?/ieo oaeoi??a iiyniththoue ?noioi?noue
ci?i ?o iciae i?ae aieeaii oiia oa oaoiieia?/ieo i?eeii?a ae?iuoaaiiy,
cie?aia ieiu? aeeaeaiiy, no?ie?a ? aeeaeie naae?iiy oa niiniao
caa??aaiiy iinaaeeiaiai iaoa??aeo. Aea/aiiy ci?i iciae /anieeo i?ae
aieeaii eiie?aoieo oiia oa anoaiiaeaiiy iioeiaeueieo ia?aiao??a i?eeii?a
a eiai ae?iuoaaii? ia? aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy aeey i?aeoe/iiai iai/?aieoeoaa.

Aeoiaey/e c aiae?co noaio a?aeiia?aeieo aeine?aeaeaiue oaoiieia??
ae?iuoaaiiy /anieeo anoaiiaeaii:

— a?aenooi?noue ?aeeii? aeoiee c ie?aieo ieoaiue uiaei oaoiieia?/ieo
i?eeii?a ae?iuoaaiiy /anieeo;

— aieea ieiu? aeeaeaiiy, no?ieo ? aeeaeie naae?iiy oa niiniao caa??aaiiy
iinaaeeiaiai iaoa??aeo ia ??no, ?icaeoie ? o?iaeaei?noue /anieeo
iano??eeoth/iai y?iai i?iyaey?oueny a caeaaeiino? a?ae ciie
ae?iuoaaiiy, ni?oo ? yeino? iinaaeeiaiai iaoa??aeo;

— ieoaiiy ?ic?iaee eiiieaeno oaoiieia?/ieo i?eeii?a ae?iuoaaiiy /anieeo
iano??eeoth/iai y?iai iaiao?aeii ae??ooaaoe ie?aii a eiaei?e eiie?aoi?e
a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/i?e cii?.

Ieoaiiyie oaoiieia?? ae?iuoaaiiy /anieeo a ??cieo a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo
ciiao caeiaeenue I.A.Aeaena?aa, A.A.Aiae???aa, I.TH.Aa?aaao,
A.E.Aiaaoe?aiei, I.I.Aii/a?ia, A.O.Aeaa’yoiaa, A.A.Eacaeiaa,
A.A.Eii?na?ia, A.N.Eao?i, I.I.Iie?uoe, I.O.Oaen?i oa ?i. Aea iaoeia?
?ic?iaee a oeueiio iai?yieo aeey i?aaeaiiiai Noaio Oe?a?ie a?aenooi?.
No/ani? iio?aae ciie a /anieeo, iia’ycai? c i?aeaeuaiiyi o?iaeaeiino? oa
yeino? i?iaeoeoe??, caaino?ththoue iaiao?aei?noue o ?icoe?aii? ieiu oa
niaoe?ae?caoe?? eiai ae?iaieoeoaa, ui aeiaaa? oaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia??
ae?iuoaaiiy. Noai?aiiy eiiieaeno oaoiieia?/ieo i?eeii?a ae?iaieoeoaa
/anieeo iano??eeoth/iai y?iai oneeaaeith?oueny /a?ac a?aenooi?noue
a?aeiia?aeii? oai?aoe/ii? oa aenia?eiaioaeueii? aace. ?ic?iaea ?? ?
aieiaiei caaaeaiiyi oe??? ?iaioe.

2. Iaoiaeeea ? oiiae i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue a 1995 — 1998??. iaoiaeii iieueiaeo
aeine?ae?a ia aeine?aeii — aenia?eiaioaeuei?e aac? eaoaae?e
ieiaeiiai/?aieoeoaa a o/aini? «*a?aiiee Ooo??» Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ?inoeoooo. O/aini «*a?aiiee Ooo??»
?icoaoiaaiee a cii? i?aaeaiiiai Noaio Oe?a?ie, a Ia?ae?ii?euenueeiio
?aeii? Iaeanueei? iaeano?. Aaeeea e?euee?noue niiy/iiai oaiea ? cia/ia
ia?aaaaa ynieo aei?a i?ioyaii ?ieo coiiaeththoue aenie? oaieia? ?ano?ne
ciie. Na?aaeiuei??/ia oaiia?aoo?a aeinyaa? 10,1N. Naiee oaieee i?nyoeue
— eeiaiue (na?aaeiy i?ny/ia oaiia?aoo?a — 22 — 23N), naiee oieiaeiee —
n?/aiue (na?aaeiy oaiia?aoo?a — i?ion 2 — 5N).

Ii?yae c aenieeie oaieiaeie ?ano?naie o cii? a?ae/oaa?oueny ?noioia
ianoa/a aieiae. ??/ia noia iiaae?a noaiiaeoue 399,9ii. Iiaaee i?ioyaii
?ieo aeiaaeathoue ia??aiii??ii, a e?oi?e ia??iae /ano?oa o aeaeyae?
ceea. Iane?aeeii oeueiai ? /ano? iinooeea? ia??iaee.

A on? ?iee aeine?aeaeaiue aeiaei iiaae?a ca ??e a?eueoa a ii??aiyii? c
na?aaei?ie aaaaoi??/ieie. I?ioa a 1995 oa 1996??. ca aaaaoaoe?eiee
ia??iae aeiaei iiaae?a iaioa, a?aeiia?aeii ia 27,7 ? 56,5 ii aei
na?aaei?o aaaaoi??/ieo.

Iieacieee na?aaeiueiaeiaiaeo oaiia?aoo? a ia??iae aaaaoaoe?? ca ?iee
aeine?aeaeaiue aoee aeecueeeie aei na?aaei?o aaaaoi??/ieo, ui
ni?eyoeeai aieeioei ia ??no ?ineei ? aeinoeaaiiy o?iaeath. Aeiyoeii aoea
?aiiy, oieiaeia ? caoyaeia aania 1997?., ui iicia/eeiny iaaiei /eiii ia
?icaeoeo ?ineei.

A?oio aeine?aeii? ae?eyiee i?aaenoaaeaiee /i?iicaiii
i?aaeaiiei aaaeeinoaeeieiaei. Iiooaei?noue aoioniaiai ai?eciioo
40 — 45 ni. Ai?no aoiono a i?iiio oa?? — 3,11 — 2,90%,
a?ae?ie?ciaaiiai acioo — 6,5 — 6,3, ?ooiiiai oinoi?o — 17,3 —
16,2, iai?iiiai eae?th — 23,6 — 23,3 ia/100 a.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue c iano??eeoth/ei ni?oii /anieeo
Oe?a?inueeee a?eee aoeyei?euenueeee. Iiaoi?i?noue aeine?aeo 4-o
e?aoia. ?ici?uaiiy aa??aio?a a iiaoi?thaaiinoyo nenoaiaoe/ia. ?ici??
iae?eiai? ae?eyiee — 10,5 i2. Naae?iiy i?iaiaeeee a?o/io ia aeeaeio
4 — 6 ni a?aeeae?a?iaaieie coaeaie o?ueio o?aeoe?e — aaeee? (iana
a?eueoa 2,0 a), na?aaei? (iana a?ae 1,1 aei 2,0 a), ae??ai? (iana a?ae
0,6 aei 1,0 a). Niin?a naae?iiy no??/eiaee aeaio?yaeeiaee ca noaiith
55+15 ni. Iiia?aaeiee — ai?io iai/aaee. Aa?ioaoi?ea o aa??aioao
aeine?ae?a iaeiaeiaa ? a?aeiia?aeaea aa?ii?aaeeai, i?eeiyoei aeey aeaii?
ciie iai/?aieoeoaa. I?aeceii? naae?iiy i?iaiaeeee ca 3 oeaei? aei
noaeiai caia?caiiy a?oioo. Aaniyia — c ii/aoeii iieueiaeo ?ia?o.
Cae?aiiy a?iaeath i?iaiaeeee a?o/io i?e ianiaiio (75%) iieyaaii?
iaaecaiii? iane ?ineei.

O aeine?ae? ?1 «Ieiu? aeeaeaiiy ?ineei caeaaeii a?ae o?aeoe?? coae?a»
?ineeie ae?iuoaaee c ieiuaie aeeaeaiiy 105, 140, 175, 210 ? 245 ni2 c
aeei?enoaiiyi oueio o?aeoe?e coae?a.

O aeine?ae? ?2 «Iaee?auee no?ie naae?iiy /anieeo iano??eeoth/iai y?iai»
aea/aee i?aeceii?e ? aaniyiee (eiio?ieue), caeaaeii a?ae o?aeoe??
(aaeee?, na?aaei? (eiio?ieue) ? ae??ai?) coae?a.

O aeine?ae? ?3 «Iioeiaeueia aeeaeia naae?iiy coae?a» aea/aee aeeaeio
naae?iiy 4, 6 (eiio?ieue), 8 ? 10 ni c aeei?enoaiiyi na?aaeiuei?
o?aeoe?? coae?a.

O aeine?ae? ?4 «?aoe?iiaeueiee niin?a caa??aaiiy iinaaeeiaiai iaoa??aeo
/anieeo iano??eeoth/iai y?iai» aea/aee oieiaeiee, eiia?iiaaiee
(eiio?ieue) ? oaieee niiniae. Caa??aaiiy iinaaeeiaiai iaoa??aeo
oieiaeiei niiniaii i?iaiaeeee aanue ia??iae i?e oaiia?aoo?? 03N ?
a?aeiini?e aieiaino? iia?o?y 75 — 80%; eiia?iiaaiei — 6 i?nyoe?a i?e
oaiia?aoo?? 18 — 20N ? a?aeiini?e aieiaino? iia?o?y 60 — 70%, 2 i?nyoe?
i?e oaiia?aoo?? 03N ? a?aeiini?e aieiaino? 75 — 80%; oaieei — aanue
ia??iae i?e oaiia?aoo?? 18 — 20N ? a?aeiini?e aieiaino? iia?o?y
60 — 70%.

Iinoaiiaeo aeine?ae?a i?iaiaeeee a?aeiia?aeii caaaeueiii?eeiyoei
iaoiaeeeai aeine?aeaeaiue: «Iaoiaeeea Ainoaea?noaaiiiai ni?oieniuoaiey
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo eoeueoo?» (1975), «Iaoiaeeea iieaaiai iiuoa a
iaiuaaiaenoaa e aao/aaiaenoaa» i?ae ?aae. A?eeea A.O. (1979), «Iaoiaeeea
iiuoiiai aeaea a ieiaeiaiaenoaa e iaiuaaiaenoaa» Iienae/aiei A.O.,
«Iniiae iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue a aa?iiii??» Iienae/aiei A.O., ?uaiei
A.I (1994). Aecia/aiiy ?ioaineaiino? oioineioaco i?iaiaeeee ca iaoiaeii
Naena. Ai?no nooi? ?a/iaeie aecia/aee oa?iinoaoii-aaaiaei iaoiaeii,
caaaeueiiai oeoe?o — ii Aa?o?aio, anei?a?iiai? eeneioe ii Io???.
Aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue aecia/aee ca iaoiaeeeith ?uaiei A.I. (1997).
A?iaia?aaoe/io ioe?ieo i?iaiaeeee c o?aooaaiiyi oa?/iai? oe?iiino?
i?iaeoeoe?? ca iaoiaeeeaie Iaaeaaaeaanueeiai A.E.  ?
?aaiaiei I.?. (1998) oa Aieionueeeo I.N. ? Aeiaaaeue I.I. (1998). Ii
iniiaieo aeaieo iae?eo i?iaaaeaii eiii`thoa?io ia?iaeo iaoiaeii
aeenia?n?eiiai aiae?co aeey iaeii — ? aeaiooaeoi?iiai aeine?aeo ca?aeii
c «Iaoiaeeeie iieaaiai iiuoa» Aeiniaoia  A.A. (1985).

3. Ieiu? aeeaeaiiy ?ineei caeaaeii a?ae o?aeoe?? coae?a

Iaeiei ?c iniiaieo oaeoi??a io?eiaiiy aeniei? o?iaeaeiino? /anieeo ?
i?aaeeueiee aea?? ieiu? aeeaeaiiy c iaoith caaacia/aiiy iioeiaeueii?
aonoioe ?ineei, c o?aooaaiiyi a?ieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae ni?oo, o?aeoe??
iinaaeeiaeo coae?a ? a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo oiia ciie ae?iuoaaiiy.
Niinoa?aaeaiiy ca ?inoii ? ?icaeoeii ?ineei /anieeo iieacaee, ui /ei
ae??ai?o? coaee, oei ?ai?oa aeinoeaathoue ae?iuai? c ieo ?ineeie, ui
iia’ycaii c iaio ?icaeiaiith ei?aiaaith nenoaiith ?, ye iane?aeie,
a??oei caaacia/aiiyi ?ineei aieiaith. Ciaioaiiy ieiu? aeeaeaiiy
i?enei?th? aeinoeaaiiy oeeaoeei.

O cii? i?aaeaiiiai Noaio Oe?a?ie ?ioaineaiee ??no aaaaoaoeaii? iane
?ineei o?eaa? a na?aaeiueiio aei ae?oai? iieiaeie /a?aiy. Iana
iaaecaiii? /anoeie ? ?ineeie a oe?eiio, iinooiiai c?inoath/e, aeinyaa?
naiai iaeneioio a o?ao?e aeaeaae? /a?aiy, i?ney /iai ii/eia?
ciaiooaaoenue ca ?aooiie /anoeiaiai i?aeneoaiiy ieaei?o eenoe?a ?
i?eieiaiiy oi?ioaaiiy iiaeo. Ii/aoie ooai?aiiy coae?a ii/eia?oueny a
ia?o?e iieiaei? o?aaiy. I?ioyaii ae?oaiai i?nyoey aaaaoaoe?eiiai
ia??iaeo aiia ?inoa iia?eueii ? oaea ia o?aoueiio i?nyoe? ii/eia?oueny
?? ?ioaineaiee ??no, iana ?? aeinyaa? naiai iaeneioio a ae?oa?e aeaeaae?
eeiiy.

Ieiua aeeaeaiiy ?noioii aieeaa? ia ?icaeoie ?ineei ? ?o aaa?oon. A
?ic??c? o?aeoe?e coae?a i?ae aieeaii ieiu? aeeaeaiiy iaeiii?oi?oa
ci?ith?oueny aenioa ? iana ?ineei c aaeeeeo coae?a. Ca?eueoaiiy ieiu?
aeeaeaiiy i?eaiaeeoue aei ca?eueoaiiy aenioe ?ineei, e?eueeino? oa ieiu?
iiaa?oi? eenoe?a. Oae, i?e a?eueo ?ic??aeaeaieo ianaaeaeaiiyo ieiua
iiaa?oi? eenoe?a ?ineeie i?e naae?ii? aaeeeeie coaeaie (iana a?eueoa 2,0
a) c?inoa? a?ae 141,1 aei 160,2 ni2; i?e naae?ii? na?aaei?ie (iana a?ae
1,1 aei 2,0 a) — a?ae 96,5 aei 122,1; i?e naae?ii? ae??aieie (iana iaioa
1,0 a) — a?ae 71,9 aei 89,4 ni2. Aecia/aiiy ??aiy oioineioaoe/ii?
ae?yeueiino? iieacaei, ui ii i??? ca?eueoaiiy ieiu? aeeaeaiiy
?ioaineai?noue oioineioaco c?inoa?, ui iiynith?oueny iie?ioaiiyi oiia
ina?oeaiino? ? aieiaicaaacia/aiino? o aa??aioao a?eueo ?ic??aeaeaieo
ianaaeaeaiue.

I?ioa ca?eueoaiiy ieiu? aeeaeaiiy ?ineei a?ae 105 aei 245 ni2
i?eaiaeeoue aei ciaioaiiy aaee/eie eenoeiaiai ?iaeaeno ? ieiu? iiaa?oi?
eenoe?a 1 aa ianaaeaeaiiy — a?ae 12,9 aei 6,3 oen.i2/aa o aa??aioao c
aaeeeeie coaeaie; a?ae 8,8 aei 4,8 oen.i2/aa — c na?aaei?ie ? a?ae 6,5
aei 3,5 oen.i2/aa — c ae??aieie. Oea na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui aeacai?
i?aeaeuaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ?ineei ia eiiiainothoue
ciaioaiiy e?eueeino? ?ineei ia aaeoa?? a?eueoa, i?ae a aeaa ?ace.

Aecia/aiiy ai?noo aeaiaio?a o?i?/iiai neeaaeo eenoe?a ? oeeaoeei ia
??cieo oacao ?icaeoeo caeaaeii a?ae ieiu aeeaeaiiy iieacaei, ui ieiua
aeeaeaiiy ? o?aeoe?? iinaaeeiaeo coae?a ia aieeaathoue ia ai?no a?oai?io
N a ?ineeiao. O ?ic??c? oac ?icaeoeo iaea?eueoa (a?ae 60 aei 63 ia/100a)
eiai i?noyoue iieiae? eenoee ia ii/aoeo aaaaoaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo.
I?ioyaii aaaaoaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo e?euee?noue a?oai?io N ? a eenoeao, ? a
oeeaoeeiao ?ineei /anieeo y?iai ciaioo?oueny, ui iiynith?oueny
ciaioaiiyi ?ioaineaiino? ieenii-a?aeiiaieo ?aaeoe?e a ?ineeiao c ?o
noa??iiyi.

Ca?eueoaiiy ieiu? aeeaeaiiy a?ae 105 aei 245 ni2 i?eaiaeeoue aei
ciaioaiiy ai?noo caaaeueiiai oeoe?o a?ae 8,4 aei 7,0% a eenoeao ? a?ae
25,5 aei 23,7% a oeeaoeeiao i?e naae?ii? na?aaei?ie coaeaie. ?noioiiai
aieeao o?aeoe?e coae?a ia ai?no caaaeueiiai oeoe?o ia aeyaeaii. I?ioyaii
aaaaoaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo a eenoeao ai?no oeoe?o ciaioo?oueny, a a
oeeaoeeiao iaa?iiaaeaeo?oueny, ui iiynith?oueny a?aeoieii oeoe??a c
eenoe?a a oeeaoeeie ii i??? ?o aeinoeaaiiy. ?c ciaioaiiyi ieiu?
aeeaeaiiy ? o?aeoe?? coae?a ca?eueoo?oueny ai?no nooi? ?a/iaeie.

?icaeyiooa aeua ??cieoey a ?ino? oa ?icaeoeo ?ineei caeaaeii a?ae ieiu?
aeeaeaiiy ?noioii aieeioea ia o?iaeaei?noue. Ca?eueoaiiy ieiu? aeeaeaiiy
a?ae 105 aei 245 ni2 i?eaiaeeoue aei i?aeaeuaiiy na?aaeiuei? iane
oeeaoeei o aa??aioao c aaeeeeie coaeaie a?ae 12,1 aei 20,0 a, na?aaei?ie
— a?ae 11,0 aei 16,8 a. O aa??aioao c ae??aieie coaeaie ?noioia
c?inoaiiy iane oeeaoeei a?ae 7,5 aei 10,6 a caaacia/eei ca?eueoaiiy
ieiu? aeeaeaiiy a?ae 105 aei 210 ni2 (oaae. 1).

Oaaeeoey 1 — Aieea ieiu? aeeaeaiiy ia o?iaeaei?noue /anieeo oa ye?noue
i?iaeoeoe??

IeiuaO?iaeaei?noue oiaa?ia, o/aaO?iaeae- Iana aeeaeaiiy,
ni21995?.1996?.1997?.Na?aaei? ca 1996 — 1997??.i?noue oiaa?-ia, %
(na-?aaei? ca 1996 — 1997??.)oeeaoeeie, a

(na?aaei? ca 1996 —

1997??.)Aaeee?
coaee105-9,9510,1510,0587,812,1140-10,4711,1811,1491,516,3175-9,7910,291
0,0495,418,7210
(eiio?ieue)-8,398,908,6597,419,4245-7,447,847,6498,220,0Na?aaei?
coaee1059,368,3310,509,4287,511,01409,107,919,228,5788,713,1175(eiio?ieu
e)7,077,298,377,8392,515,2210
7,036,397,426,9194,515,72456,536,196,616,4095,916,8Ae??ai?
coaee105-5,996,676,3380,97,5140
(eiio?ieue)-5,415,935,6782,28,4175-4,865,175,0283,89,9210
-4,434,744,5984,410,6245-4,054,374,2184,810,8I??05-0,500,50—0,4

sseui ?c ciaioaiiyi caaouaiino? iana oeeaoeei i?aeaeuo?oueny, oi
o?iaeaei?noue iaaiaee cieaeo?oueny. Iaeaeuo o?iaeaei?noue oiaa?ieo
oeeaoeei i?e naae?ii? ae??aieie coaeaie — 6,33 o/aa ? na?aaei?ie — 9,42
o/aa io?eiaii i?e ieiu? aeeaeaiiy 105 ni2. I?e naae?ii? aaeeeeie coaeaie
iaeaeuo o?iaeaei?noue — 11,14 o/aa caaacia/o? ieiua aeeaeaiiy 140 ni2.
Ca?eueoaiiy ieiu? aeeaeaiiy i?eaiaeeoue aei c?inoaiiy a?aenioeo aeoiaeo
noaiaea?oieo oeeaoeei.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui a e?aueo oiiaao aeey ?inoo ? ?icaeoeo, ye?
caaacia/othoueny ca?eueoaiiyi ieiu? aeeaeaiiy, ?ineeie /anieeo
iano??eeoth/iai y?iai e?aua aaeoaeaoueny. ?c ca?eueoaiiyi ieiu?
aeeaeaiiy, iacaeaaeii a?ae o?aeoe?? iinaaeeiaeo coae?a, c?inoa? iana
coaea ? e?euee?noue coae?a o oeeaoeei?, a oaeiae ci?ith?oueny
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy e?eueeino? coae?a ca ?ici??ii ? ianith. I?e naae?ii?
aaeeeeie coaeaie ?c ca?eueoaiiyi ieiu? aeeaeaiiy a?ae 105 aei 245 ni2
aeo?ae aaeeeeo coae?a c?inoa? ia 25,0% ? noaiiaeoue a?eueoa 50,0% a?ae
caaaeueii? e?eueeino?, a aeo?ae na?aaei?o ? ae??aieo — ciaioo?oueny ia
8,1 ? 16,8% a?aeiia?aeii. I?e aeei?enoaii? na?aaeiueiai oa ae??aiiai
iinaaeeiaiai iaoa??aeo a?aei?/a?oueny oaeiae ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino?
aaeeeeo ? na?aaei?o coae?a a oeeaoeeiao, a a ni?aa?aeiioaii? ia?aaaaea?
e?euee?noue na?aaei?o.

4. Iaee?auee no?ie naae?iiy /anieeo iano??eeoth/iai y?iai

Ine?eueee a cii? aeine?aeaeaiue /anoi niinoa??aa?oueny iinooa iia?o?yia
? a?oioiaa, yea iaaaoeaii aieeaa? ia ??no oa ?icaeoie ?ineei, iaa?oue
i?e c?iooaaii?, oi iaeneiaeueia aeei?enoaiiy ceiiaeo caian?a aieiae
ia? aeoaea aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy. Oaiieia?/i? niinoa?aaeaiiy iieacaee, ui
iacaeaaeii a?ae o?aeoe?? coae?a ?ineeie i?aeceiiueiai naae?iiy
?icaeaaeenue cia/ii oaeaeoa. ?o ia?aaaaa a oaiiao ?icaeoeo caa??aaeanue
i?ioyaii anueiai aaaaoaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo. ?aiiy iiyaa ?o noiae?a i?eaaea
aei oiai, ui ooai?aiiy coae?a o ieo ii/eiaeinue ia 2 — 6 aeiae, a
iieyaaiiy iaaecaiii? /anoeie — ia 3 — 5 aeiae ?ai?oa a ii??aiyii? c
aa??aioaie aaniyiiai naae?iiy.

O oe?eiio, iacaeaaeii a?ae no?ie?a naae?iiy coae?a, oiiae aeey ?icaeoeo
?ineei aoee ni?eyoeeaeie. Iieueiaa noiae?noue coae?a aoea aenieith ?
noaiiaeea a na?aaeiueiio 94,7 — 98,7%. I?ioa, caeeoeiaa e?euee?noue
?ineei aaniyiiai naae?iiy aoea aeaui a?eueoith ? noaiiaeea a
na?aaeiueiio 91,7 —  93,1% i?ioe 82,8 — 86,9% ?ineei i?aeceiiueiai
naae?iiy. Oea iiynith?oueny oei, ui a oiiaao ciie /ano? oaie? ia??iaee
aceieo, ni?eythoue ii/aoeo oi?ioaaiiy noiae?a ?ineei i?aeceiiueiai
naae?iiy a ethoiio, a ianooii? cieaeaiiy oaiia?aoo? i?eaiaeyoue aei ?o
iioeiaeaeaiiy aai ae aei aeiaaeaiiy.

Caa?a a ?icaeoeo ei?aiaai? nenoaie c inai? o ?ineei i?aeceiiueiai
naae?iiy iiynith? ?o ?ioaineaiee ??no oa ?icaeoie i?ioyaii
anueiai aaaaoaoe?eiiai

Oaaeeoey 2 — ?icaeoie ?ineei /anieeo iano??eeoth/iai y?iai caeaaeii
a?ae no?ie?a naae?iiy coae?a (na?aaei? ca 1995 — 1997??.)

No?ie naae?iiyO?aeoe?y coae?aAenioa ?ineei, niE?euee?noue eenoe?a,
ooIeiua iiaa?oi? eenoe?a, oen.i2/aa?iaeaen eenoeiai?
iiaa?oi??ioainea-i?noue oioi-neioaco, iaNI2, aiae/aei2
I?aeceii?eAaeeea69,010,711,181,1217,3Na?aaeiy58,89,18,640,8616,7Ae??aia4
5,08,27,320,7315,7AaniyieeAaeeea49,09,19,090,9116,2Na?aaeiy
(eiio?ieue)41,08,17,270,7315,6Ae??aia33,16,35,090,5114,5

ia??iaeo. Oae, coaee, aenaaeaeai? ainaie, oi?iothoue cia/ii a?eueo? ?
i?oei?o? ?ineeie, ye? iathoue a?eueoo aenioo, e?euee?noue ? ieiuo
iiaa?oi? eenoe?a, ui iia’ycaii c e?auei aeei?enoaiiyi aieiae ?ineeiaie a
?aiiueiaaniyiee ia??iae (oaae. 2). Iieacieee a?io?i?/ieo aiae?c?a
na?ae/aoue i?i aeuo ?ioaineai?noue oioineioaco ?ineei i?aeceiiueiai
naae?iiy, ui a e?ioeaaiio ?aooieo aecia/a? ?o o?iaeaei?noue.

Ae?iuoaaiiy /anieeo iano??eeoth/iai y?iai a i?aeceii?e eoeueoo??,
ii??aiyii c aaniyiith, i?eaiaeeoue aei i?aeaeuaiiy ai?noo nooi? ?a/iaeie
ye a oeeaoeeiao, oae ? a eenoeao ?ineei. Iniaeeai /?oei ??cieoeth o
aaee/ei? oeueiai iieacieea aeaeii a ia??iae aeinoeaaiiy o?iaeath, eiee
ai?no nooi? ?a/iaeie a oeeaoeeiao aa??aio?a i?aeceiiueiai naae?iiy
noaiiaeoue a na?aaeiueiio 38,5 — 39,2%, a a oeeaoeeiao aaniyiiai —
37,2 — 38,4%, ui iia’ycaii c a?eueo ?aii?i aeinoeaaiiyi o?iaeath ia?oeo.

sse a eenoeao, oae ? a oeeaoeeiao ?ineei i?aeceiiueiai naae?iiy
iaa?iiaaeaeo?oueny a?eueoa oeoe?o, ui a iaai?e i??? iiaeia iia’ycaoe c
e?auei ?icaeoeii ?ineei. Caeiiii??iiai aieeao no?ie?a naae?iiy ia ai?no
a?oai?io N a i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiue ia aeyaeaii.

No?iee naae?iiy /anieeo iano??eeoth/iai y?iai ?noioii aieeaathoue ia
o?iaeaei?noue ? ye?noue i?iaeoeoe??. Iaeaeuo o?iaeaei?noue
aaaaoicoaeiaeo oeeaoeei caaacia/othoue ?ineeie c aaeeeeo ?
na?aaei?o coae?a, aenaaeaeaieo i?ae ceio (oaae. 3). ?ineeie
i?aeceiiueiai naae?iiy oi?iothoue a?eueo? ca ianith

Oaaeeoey 3 — Aieea no?ie?a naae?iiy ? o?aeoe?e coae?a ia o?iaeaei?noue
/anieeo ? eiai ye?noue

No?ieO?aeoe?y coae?aO?iaeaei?noue oiaa?ia, o/aaO?iaeae- Na?aaeiy
naae?iiy1995?1996?1997?Na?aae-i? ca 3 ?ieei?noue noai-aea?oia, %iana
oeeaoee-ie,
aI?aeceii?eAaeeea10,9013,3213,5012,5794,120,5Na?aaeiy8,499,8411,079,8092
,416,0

Ae??aia7,247,607,257,3687,812,9AaniyieeAaeeea9,059,5111,259,9491,715,0Na
?aaeiy
(eiio?ieue)6,487,539,007,6789,411,8Ae??aia4,584,725,294,8681,58,1I??050,
420,510,42—

oeeaoeeie c a?eueoith e?euee?noth ? ianith coae?a oa caaacia/othoue
a?eueoo noaiaea?oio o?iaeaei?noue.

5. Iioeiaeueia aeeaeia naae?iiy coae?a

Aeey /anieeo iano??eeoth/iai y?iai aeeaeia naae?iiy ia? iniaeeai
aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy, ine?eueee oei??iaiiy coae?a i?ioiaeeoue a ia??iae,
eiee i?aeaeuo?oueny oaiia?aoo?a ? a?oio oaeaeei ao?a/a? aieiao.
Oaiieia?/i? niinoa?aaeaiiy iieacaee, ui i?e iaeii/aniiio naae?ii? coae?a
ii??aiyii ?aii? noiaee, ii/aoie ooai?aiiy coae?a ? aeinoeaaiiy oeeaoeei
caaacia/o? i?eea (4 ? 6 ni) naae?iiy. Ca?eueoaiiy aeeaeie naae?iiy aei
8 ? 10 ni oiia?eueith? ?ioaineai?noue i?ioiaeaeaiiy iniiaieo
oaiieia?/ieo oac ia 3 — 6 ae?a.

?ineeie c ii??aiyii a?eueoith aeoeai?noth ?inoiaeo i?ioean?a (i?e
naae?ii? ia 4 ? 6 ni) iathoue a?eueoo aenioo ? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny
iaea?eueoith ae??aiyi?noth (oaae. 4). Eiao?oe??io aa??aoe?? ?ineei
iaeiaioee o aa??aioao c aeeaeiith naae?iiy 6 ni (6,7), a iaea?eueoee — c
aeeaeiith 10 ni (14, 3). I?e naae?ii? ia aeeaeio 4 ? 6 ni ?ineeie
oi?iothoue a?eueoo e?euee?noue eenoe?a ? ieiuo ?o iiaa?oi?.

Oaaeeoey 4 — Aieea aeeaeie naae?iiy coae?a /anieeo iano??eeoth/iai y?iai
ia oi?ioaaiiy ?ineei (na?aaei? ca 1995 — 1997 ??.)

Aeeaeia naae?iiy coae?a, niAenioa ?inee-ie, niEiao?-oe??io aa??a-Iana
?in-eeie, E?euee?-noue eenoe?aIeiua iiaa?oi? eenoe?a?iaeaen
eeno-eiai??ioai-neai?noue oioi-

oe?? ae-nioe ?inee-ieaia ?inee-i?, oo1 ?in-eeie,
ni2oen.i2/aaiiaa?-oi?neioaco, iaNI2,
aiae/aei2442,19,227,97,599,36,630,6616,76(eiio?ieue)45,16,729,77,9108,27
,560,7616,5840,511,224,36,392,25,690,5716,41038,714,323,96,190,45,490,50
16,6I?P05——0,41—

?acoeueoaoe o?i?/ieo aiae?c?a iieacaee, ui ?c ca?eueoaiiyi aeeaeie
naae?iiy a?ae 4 aei 10 ni ciaioo?oueny ai?no a?oai?io N a eenoeao a?ae
63,6 aei 56,5 ia/100a a oaco ?inoo aaaaoaoeaii? iane ? a?ae 18,6 aei
17,0 ia/100a — a oaco aec??aaiiy o?iaeath ? a oeeaoeeiao a?aeiia?aeii
a?ae 10,7 aei 8,9 ? a?ae 4,4 aei 3,6 ia/100a, ui iiynith?oueny oaeaeoei
caoooaiiyi ?inoiaeo i?ioean?a ia ia??iae aecia/aiiy. Aieeao aeeaeie
naae?iiy ia ai?no nooi? ?a/iaeie ? caaaeueiiai oeoe?o a oeeaoeeiao ia
aeyaeaii.

Oaaeeoey 5 — O?iaeaei?noue ? ye?noue /anieeo iano??eeoth/iai y?iai
caeaaeii a?ae aeeaeie naae?iiy

Aeeaeia O?iaeaei?noue oiaa?ia, o/aaNa?aaeiy iana naae?iiy, ni1995 ?.1996
?.1997 ?.na?aaei? ca 1995-1997??.oeeaoeei, a (na?aae-i? ca 1995-1997
??.)47,807,928,728,1512,76
(eiio?ieue)8,478,639,138,7413,486,556,247,046,6110,9106,355,717,226,4210
,7I?P050,630,480,63—E?auee ?icaeoie ?ineei i?e aeeaei? naae?iiy 4 ? 6
ni caaacia/ea oi?ioaaiiy a?eueoeo ca ianith oeeaoeei (oaae. 5). Iaeaeuo
o?iaeaei?noue oiaa?ieo oeeaoeei io?eiaii i?e naae?ii? coae?a ia aeeaeio
6 ni, i?e ian? oeeaoeeie 13,4a. O oeueiio ae aa??aio? a?aei?/a?oueny ?
iaeaeuee — 91,2% aeo?ae noaiaea?oieo oeeaoeei.

6. ?aoe?iiaeueiee niin?a caa??aaiiy iinaaeeiaiai iaoa??aeo /anieeo
iano??eeoth/iai y?iai

Niin?a caa??aaiiy iinaaeeiaiai iaoa??aeo aieeaa? ia o?ae a?io?i?/ieo
i?ioean?a a oeeaoeeiao /anieeo ? a?ae?a?a? aaaeeeao ?ieue a
?ioaineaiino? caeeaaeaiiy eiiono ia?inoaiiy eenoe?a ? ca?iaee?a
ei?aiaaeo aoai?e?a ia aeaioe? coae?a. Oieiaeiee niin?a caa??aaiiy
i?enei?th? ?icaeoie ca/aoeo, ui niinoa??aa?oueny i?e aiaoii?/iiio
?ic??c? coae?a. I?e oeueiio c?inoa? ai?no a?oai?io N, a i?ney
aenaaeaeoaaiiy i?enei?th?oueny oei??iaiiy ? oi?ioaaiiy ?ineei.

Oaiea caa??aaiiy iaaiaee aaeueio? ?inoia? i?ioeane a coaeao, iiyaa
noiae?a a?aei?/a?oueny ia 6 — 12 ae?a, a iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie — ia 30 —
35 ae?a i?ci?oa. ?acii c oei aenaaeaeoaaiiy /anieeo iano??eeoth/iai
y?iai i?ney oaieiai caa??aaiiy a oiiaao ethoiaaeo a?eii ci?ith?
oa?aeoa? ?icaeoeo, ? ?ineeie oi?iothoueny aiaeia?/ii eiia?iiaaiiio
niiniao (oaae. 6).

Oaaeeoey 6 — No?iee ianoaiiy oaiieia?/ieo oac o ?ineei /anieeo
iano??eeoth/iai y?iai caeaaeii a?ae niiniao caa??aaiiy iinaaeeiaiai
iaoa??aeo

Niin?a AeaoaIiyaa
noiae?aIi/aoieIiey-Cae-Aaaaoa-caa??aaiiynaae?i-iyiiiaee-iieeoiani-aeoooa
i?ai-iy oeeaoeeiaaiiy iaaecaiii? /anoeie ?ineei?aiiy a?i-aeathoe?eiee
ia??iae, ae?a1997 ??eOieiaeiee

Eiia?iiaaiee (eiio?ieue)

Oaieee12.03

12.03

12.036.04

7.04

11.047.04

8.04

13.049.05

10.05

18.0520.07

22.07

31.0721.07

23.07

1.08105

104

1101998 ??eOieiaeiee

Eiia?iiaaiee (eiio?ieue)

Oaieee6.04

6.04

6.0413.04

16.04

22.0414.04

17.04

26.0414.05

16.05

29.0618.07

19.07

-19.07

19.07

2.1096

93

159

Coaee oaieiai niiniao caa??aaiiy a?ae??ciythoueny naiith aenieith
(99,8%) iieueiaith noiae?noth ? aonoioith noiyiiy ?ineei (97,6%).
A?aecia/ai? a?aei?iiino? uiaei ci?i aiaoii?/ii? aoaeiae coae?a o ia??iae
caa??aaiiy i?eaaee aei oiai, ui ?ineeie oaieiai niiniao caa??aaiiy ia
ii/aoeo aaaaoaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo a?aenoaaaee a ?ino? ? ?icaeoeo. Aiie
oi?ioaaee ieae/? ?ineeie, iaee iaioo e?euee?noue eenoe?a ? iano. I?ioa a
oaco ooai?aiiy ? ?inoo coae?a a?aei?/aii ia?aaaae ?o a ?ici??ao o
ii??aiyii? c ?ineeiaie oieiaeiiai ? eiia?iiaaiiai niinia?a. A oaco
aec??aaiiy oeeaoeei ??cieoey i?ae iieacieeaie cia/ii c?inea, ui
iiynith?oueny caoooaiiyi ?inoiaeo i?ioean?a o ?ineei oieiaeiiai ?
eiia?iiaaiiai niiniao. O ?ineei oaieiai caa??aaiiy a oeae ia??iae
a?aei?/aii ?ioaineaiee ??no ?ineei, ui i?eaaei aei iaaeinoeaaiiy
oeeaoeei oeeo ?ineei ? aieeioei ia o?iaeaei?noue. (oaae. 7)

Oaaeeoey 7 — O?iaeaei?noue /anieeo iano??eeoth/iai y?iai caeaaeii a?ae
niinia?a caa??aaiiy iinaaeeiaiai iaoa??aeo

O?iaeaei?noueNiin?aoiaa?ia, o/aanoaiaea?oia,
%caa??aaiiy1997?.1998?.na?aaei? ca 1997-1998??.1997?.1998?.na?aaei? ca
1997-1998??.Oieiaeiee

Eiia?iiaaiee (eiio?ieue)

Oaieee

I??05

8,86

6,49

5,77

0,518,12

5,66

11,15

0,418,50

6,08

8,46

-91,0

87,0

83,1

-90,6

84,3

ia noi?-iiaaii

-90,8

85,7

?acoeueoaoe iae?eo o?iaeath iieacaee, ui a 1997?. i?e ?aiiueiio naae?ii?
coae?a oaieiai niiniao caa??aaiiy coaee ? i?i?inoee, iio?aieaoe i?ae
aieea iecueeeo oaiia?aoo?, i?ieoee ?icaeoie, ye ?ineeie eiia?iiaaiiai
niiniao ? oi?ioaaee aaaaoicoaeiao oeeaoeeio. O 1998 ?ioe? oe? oiiae
i?ney naae?iiy coae?a oaieiai caa??aaiiy aoee a?aenooi? ? o?iaeae ia
noi?ioaaany (oaae. 8).

Oaaeeoey 8 — No?oeoo?i? aeaiaioe oeeaoeeie ia ia??iae cae?aiiy o?iaeath
o aa??aioao ??cieo niinia?a caa??aaiiy iinaaeeiaiai iaoa??aeo

Niin?a caa??aaiiyIana oee-aoeeie, aE?euee?noue coae?a a Iana coaea, a%
aei caaaeueii? iane oeeaoeeioeeaoeei?,oo.iane coae?aiane
eonie1997199819971998199719981997199819971998Oieiaeiee

Eiia?iiaaiee (eiio?ieue)

Oaieee13,6

9,9

8,312,3

8,6

16,08,2

7,9

7,28,5

7,6

2,01,6

1,2

1,21,4

1,1

3,196,5

96,6

96,496,7

97,2

38,73,5

3,4

4,63,3

2,8

61,3

A 1998?. niinoa??aaeanue cai?ioiy ea?oeia. Iaea?eueoo iano oeeaoeeie ?
o?iaeaei?noue oi?ioaaee ?ineeie oaieiai caa??aaiiy. I?ioa iae?e
no?oeoo?ieo aeaiaio?a oeeaoeei iieacaa ?o ianoaiaea?oi?noue, /a?ac
iaaeinoeaaiiy ? aenieee a?aenioie — 61,3% iane eonie o ii??aiyii? c
ianith coae?a. Ni?iaa aeei?enoaiiy ?o aeey o?eaaeiai caa??aaiiy i?eaaea
aei iiaiiai aeneoaiiy nieiaeoi? /anoeie oeeaoeei.

7. Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue ? a?iaia?aaoe/ia ioe?iea ae?iaieoeoaa
/anieeo iano??eeoth/iai y?iai caeaaeii a?ae ieiu aeeaeaiiy oa no?ie?a
naae?iiy

Iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaiee i?aea?? oaoiieia?/ieo i?eeii?a ae?iuoaaiiy /anieeo
iano??eeoth/iai y?iai iaeii/anii ?c ca?eueoaiiyi o?iaeaeiino? ni?ey? ?
i?aeaeuaiith aeiiii?/ii? oa a?iaia?aaoe/ii? aoaeoeaiino?. ?c noie
aeine?aeaeaieo i?eeii?a oaoiieia?? iaea?eueo cia/iee aieea ia oe?
iieacieee iaee ieiu? aeeaeaiiy ?ineei ? no?iee naae?iiy (oaae. 9).

Oaaeeoey 9 — Aeiiii?/ia oa a?iaia?aaoe/ia aoaeoeai?noue ae?iuoaaiiy
/anieeo iano??eeoth/iai y?iai caeaaeii a?ae ieiu aeeaeaiiy ?ineei
(na?aaei? ca 1996 — 1997??.)

Ieiua aeea-eaiiy, ni2 O?iaea-ei?noue, o/aaAa?-o?noue i?i-aeoeoe??,

oen.

a?iAeo?a-oe ia

ae?ia-ieoeoai

i?iaeo-eoe??, oen.

a?i/aaNia?-aa?-o?noue 1 o

i?i-aeoeoe??, oen.

a?iCao?a-oe i?aoe?,

ethae.

aiae/aaI?eao-oie

c 1 aa, oen.

a?i??aaiue

?aioa-aaeue-iino?,

%Eiao?-oe??io

a?i-aia?aa-oe/ii?

aoae-oea-iino?Aaeee?
coaee10510,0526,2712,321,231129,619,59113,22,3114011,1429,4110,710,96103
4,418,70174,62,5617510,0426,799,290,93959,317,50188,43,50210
(eiio?ieue)8,6523,198,060,94914,215,13187,73,152457,6420,537,290,95867,2
13,24181,6 2,88Na?aaei?
coaee1059,4225,9710,241,09983,615,73153,62,441408,5722,468,460,99906,613
,99165,42,40175 (eiio?ieue)7,8320,747,650,98857,813,09171,12,30210
6,9118,396,840,99800,511,55168,92,102456,4017,106,370,99792,810,73168,42
,00Ae??ai? coaee1056,3316,747,171,13805,69,08126,61,95140
(eiio?ieue)5,6714,606,271,11764,88,33132,91,82175
5,0212,995,701,14740,17,29127,91,66210
4,5911,895,221,14720,36,67127,81,542454,2110,924,891,16705,76,03123,31,4
0

Ca?eueoaiiy ieiu? aeeaeaiiy ?ineei a?ae 105 aei 245 ni2 i?eaiaeeoue aei
ciaioaiiy aeo?ao ia i?eaeaaiiy, i?aeaioiaeo ? naae?iiy iinaaeeiaiai
iaoa??aeo oa cae?aiiy o?iaeath. E?aueie iieacieeaie aeiiii?/ii?
aoaeoeaiino? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ianaaeaeaiiy i?e naae?ii? aaeeeeie ?
na?aaei?ie coaeaie c ieiuath aeeaeaiiy 175 ni2, a ae??aieie — 140 ni2.

Nia?aa?o?noue iaei??? oiiie /anieeo a oeueiio aeiaaeeo aoea naiith
iecueeith ? noaiiaeea 0,93; 0,98 ? 1,11 oen.a?i. a?aeiia?aeii, a
?aioaaaeuei?noue naiith aenieith — 188,4; 171,1 ? 132,9%.

Iaeaeuee eiao?oe??io a?iaia?aaoe/ii? aoaeoeaiino? c aeei?enoaiiyi
aaeeeeo coae?a (3,50) caaacia/o? naae?iiy c ieiuath aeeaeaiiy 175 ni2,
a na?aaei?o (2,44) ? ae??aieo (1,95) — c ieiuath aeeaeaiiy 105 ni2.

Ciaioaiiy nia?aa?oino? i?iaeoeoe??, c?inoaiiy noie i?eaooeo oa
i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy ?aioaaaeueiino? caaacia/o? ? i?aeceii?e no?ie naae?iiy
iacaeaaeii a?ae o?aeoe?? coae?a (oaae. 10). O ?ic??c? aaee/eie o?aeoe?e
coae?a ??-

Oaaeeoey 10 — Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue ae?iuoaaiiy /anieeo
iano??eeoth/iai y?iai caeaaeii a?ae no?ie?a naae?iiy (na?aaei? ca 1995
— 1997??.)

O?aeoe?y coae?aO?i-aeae-i?noue, o/aaAa?-o?noue i?i-aeoeoe??,

oen.

a?iAeo?a-oe ia

ae?ia-ieoeo-ai

i?iaeo-eoe??, oen.

a?i/aaNia?-aa?-o?noue 1 o

i?i-aeoeoe??, oen.

a?iCao?a-oe i?aoe?,

ethae.

aiae/aaI?e-aooie

c 1 aa, oen.

a?i??aaiue

?aioa-aaeue-iino?,

%Eiao?-oe??io

a?i-aia?aa-oe/ii?

aoae-oea-iino?

I?aeceii?e no?ie

Aaeeea12,5733,4211,050,881046,122,37202,43,15Na?aaeiy
9,8027,948,450,86988,919,49230,72,69Ae??aia7,3619,246,140,83779,913,1021
3,42,35

Aaniyiee no?ie

Aaeeea9,9426,2610,391,051023,515,87152,72,51Na?aaeiy
(eiio?ieue)7,6720,148,321,08898,111,82142,12,16Ae??aia4,8612,495,841,207
58,36,65113,91,75

aaiue ?aioaaaeueiino? aoa a?eueoei ii??aiyii c aaniyiei no?ieii i?e
naae?ii? aaeeeeie coaeaie ia 49,7, na?aaei?ie — ia 88,6, a ae??aieie —
ia 99,5% ? noaiiaea a?aeiia?aeii 202,4; 230,7 ? 213,4%.

Ae?iuoaaiiy /anieeo iano??eeoth/iai y?iai a i?aeceii?e eoeueoo??
caaacia/o? ieae/o aia?ai?ie?noue 1 o i?iaeoeoe?? ? i?eaiaeeoue aei
c?inoaiiy eiao?oe??ioa a?iaia?aaoe/ii? aoaeoeaiino?.

A e n i i a e e

Aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueieo ia?aiao??a oaoiieia?/ieo i?eeii?a naae?iiy ?
caa??aaiiy iinaaeeiaiai iaoa??aeo /anieeo iano??eeoth/iai y?iai a
i?aaeaiiiio Noaio Oe?a?ie caaacia/o? io?eiaiiy aeniei? o?iaeaeiino?
oiaa?ieo oeeaoeei ? ? aeiiii?/ii aea?aeiei.

1. I?e ae?iuoaaii? /anieeo iano??eeoth/iai y?iai ieiuo aeeaeaiiy
?ineei iaiao?aeii aeeoa?aioe?thaaoe a caeaaeiino? a?ae o?aeoe?? coae?a.
Ciaioaiiy ieiu? aeeaeaiiy ? aaee/eie iinaaeeiaiai iaoa??aeo i?enei?th?
aeinoeaaiiy a?iaeath.

2. Ca?eueoaiiy ieiu? aeeaeaiiy ?ineei a?ae 105 aei 245 ni2 ni?ey?
oi?ioaaiith a?eueoeo ca ?ici??ii ? ianith ?ineei, ca?eueoaiith ieiu?
eenoe?a, i?aeaeuaiith ?ioaineaiino? oioineioaco o ?ineei c aaeeeeo
coae?a ia 16,2, c na?aaei?o — ia 11,3, a c ae??aieo — ia 8,9%. Ii?yae c
?inoii ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ?ineei, ieiua iiaa?oi? eenoe?a
aaeoa?a ianaaeaeaiue i?e oaeiio c??aeaeaii? o aa??aioao c aaeeeeie
coaeaie ciaioo?oueny ia 6,55, c na?aaei?ie — ia 3,88, ae??aieie — ia
2,99 oen. i2 .

3. ?c ci?iith ieiu? aeeaeaiiy a?ae 105 aei 245 ni2 i?aeaeuo?oueny
iana oeeaoeei c aaeeeeo coae?a a?ae 12,1 aei 20,4a; c na?aaei?o — a?ae
11,0 aei 16,8; c ae??aieo — a?ae 7,5 aei 10,8 a oa ca?eueoo?oueny aeo?ae
aaeeei? ? na?aaeiuei? o?aeoe?? coae?a a no?oeoo?? oeeaoeei. ?acii c
oei, ii i??? ca?eueoaiiy ieiu? aeeaeaiiy ?ineei o?iaeaei?noue ii??aiyii
aei eiio?ieth cieaeo?oueny ia 11.7% o aa??aioao c aaeeeeie coaeaie, ia
11,7 ? 18,3% — c na?aaei?ie ? ia 11,5; 19,1; 25,7% — c ae??aieie.

4. Iaea?eueoo o?iaeaei?noue noaiaea?oieo oeeaoeei caaacia/o? naae?iiy
aaeeeeie coaeaie c ieiuath aeeaeaiiy 140 ni2, na?aaei?ie ?
ae??aieie — 105 ni2. A?eueoee aieea ia i?aeaeuaiiy ai?noo nooi? ?a/iaeie
? oeoe?o ia? ieiua aeeaeaiiy, ai?ae o?aeoe?y coae?a.

5. Iaee?auei no?ieii naae?iiy /anieeo iano??eeoth/iai ? i?aeceii?e. I?e
i?aeceiiueiio naae?ii? ia 3-5 ae?a ?ai?oa ianooiathoue /a?aia? oace
?icaeoeo ? aeinoeaaiiy o?iaeath. Caa?a a ?icaeoeo ei?aiaai? nenoaie
i?aeceiiueiai no?ieo naae?iiy coae?a caaacia/o? iiai?oa aeei?enoaiiy
aieiae ? oi?ioaaiiy i?oeieo ?ineei, ieiua iiaa?oi? ?o eenoe?a caeaaeii
a?ae o?aeoe?? coae?a a?eueoa ia 32-64% o ii??aiyii? c ?ineeiaie
aaniyiiai no?ieo naae?iiy.

6. ?ineeie i?aeceiiueiai no?ieo naae?iiy coae?a caaacia/othoue
oi?ioaaiiy oeeaoeei c a?eueoith ianith ? e?euee?noth coae?a, ui
i?eaiaeeoue aei c?inoaiiy oiaa?ii? o?iaeaeiino? ia 25-51%, a
noaiaea?oii? — ia 2,4-6,3% ii??aiyii c aa??aioaie aaniyiiai no?ieo
naae?iiy. Aa??aioe i?aeceiiueiai no?ieo naae?iiy ia?aaaaeathoue ca
ai?noii nooi? ?a/iaeie ? oeoe?o a eenoeao ? oeeaoeeiao.

7. Iioeiaeueiith aeeaeiith naae?iiy coae?a /anieeo iano??eeoth/iai
y?iai ? 6 ni. Aiia ni?ey? a?eueo ?ioaineaiiio oi?ioaaiith
eenoe?a oa e?au?e ae??aiyiino? ?ineei, eiao?oe??io aa??aoe?? aenioe
iaeiaioee (6, 7). Ca?eueoaiiy aeeaeie naae?iiy coae?a aei 8 ? 10
ni i?eaiaeeoue aei oiia?eueiaiiy ?inoiaeo i?ioean?a, iii?oii
ciaioo?oueny aia?a?y i?i?inoaiiy coae?a, cieaeo?oueny iieueiaa
noiae?noue oa aonoioa ?ineei.

8. Iniaeeaino? oiia ?inoo ? ?icaeoeo, ye? neeaaeathoueny i?e
??ci?e aeeaei? naae?iiy coae?a, aieeaathoue ia o?iaeaei?noue
? ye?noue i?iaeoeoe??. Naae?iiy coae?a ia aeeaeio 6 ni caaacia/o?
iaeaeuo oiaa?io o?iaeaei?noue 8,74 o/aa ? aeo?ae noaiaea?oieo oeeaoeei —
91,2%. ?c ca?eueoaiiyi aeeaeie naae?iiy aei 8 ? 10 ni
o?iaeaei?noue ciaioo?oueny ia 24,4 ? 26,5%, i?e naae?ii? ia
aeeaeio 4 ni — ia 6,7%. I?e naae?ii? coae?a ia aeeaeio 4 ? 6
ni iana oeeaoeei noaiiaeoue 12,7 ? 13,4 a, ae?aiao? — 3,4-3,5 ni,
a na?aaeiy iana coaea — 1,5-1,6 a.

9. Iae?aoe?iiaeuei?oei niiniaii caa??aaiiy iinaaeeiaiai iaoa??aeo
/anieeo iano??eeoth/iai y?iai ? oieiaeiee. I?e oieiaeiiio caa??aaii?
ao?aoa iane oeeaoeei ii??aiyii c oaieei iaioa ia 10,1%, oeoe??a — ia
4,1, a nooi? ?a/iaeie — ia 3,7%, a ii??aiyii c eiia?iiaaiei a?aeiia?aeii
ia 5,2; 0,9 ? 2,1%.

10. Coaee i?ney oaieiai niiniao caa??aaiiy a?ae??ciythoueny a?eueo
aenieith iieueiaith noiae?noth (99,8%) ? caa?aaeaii?noth ?ineei (97,6%).
I?ioa oaieee niin?a caa??aaiiy oiia?eueith? ?icaeoie ?ineei, i?eaiaeeoue
aei ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? eenoe?a, ?o ?ici??o ? caaaeueii? iane ?ineei.
Aaaaoaoe?eiee ia??iae o aa??aio? oaieiai caa??aaiiy coae?a
ca?eueoo?oueny ia 63 — 66 ae?a ii??aiyii c oieiaeiei ? eiia?iiaaiei ?o
caa??aaiiyi.

11. Iaeaeuo oiaa?io (8,50 o/aa) ? noaiaea?oio (7,71 o/aa)
o?iaeaei?noue iaea?aeaii o aa??aio? oieiaeiiai caa??aaiiy iinaaeeiaiai
iaoa??aeo. ?ineeie o aa??aio? oaieiai caa??aaiiy, oi?ioth/e a?eueoo
aaaaoaoeaio iano, ia aeinoeaathoue ? oeeaoeeie oiaa?ii? yeino? ia
iaaoaathoue. O?iaeae oiaa?ieo oeeaoeei o ?ineei ?c coae?a oaieiai
caa??aaiiy iiaeeeai io?eiaoe eeoa i?e naae?ii? o iao?aaeeoe?eii
?aii? no?iee c ianooiiei o?eaaeei ia??iaeii c iecueeeie
oaiia?aoo?aie, aai c ianooiiei — 1,5 — 2 i?nyoe? ?o caa??aaiiyi a
oiiaao iecueeeo oaiia?aoo? (eiia?iiaaiee niin?a).

12. Aeiiii?/ia ? a?iaia?aaoe/ia ioe?iea ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue
iieacaea, ui naiith iecueeith nia?aa?o?noth ? iaeaeuei ??aiai
?aioaaaeueiino? oa?aeoa?eco?oueny naae?iiy /anieeo iano??eeoth/iai y?iai
aaeeeeie ? na?aaei?ie coaeaie c ieiuath aeeaeaiiy 175 ni2, a ae??aieie
— 140 ni2. Aia?aaoe/ii aoaeoeaiei ? naae?iiy ae??aieie ? na?aaei?ie
coaeaie c ieiuath aeeaeaiiy 105 ni2 (eiao?oe??io a?iaia?aaoe/ii?
aoaeoeaiino? noaiiaeoue a?aeiia?aeii 1,95 ? 2,44), a aaeeeeie — c
ieiuath aeeaeaiiy 175 ni2 (eiao?oe??io a?iaia?aaoe/ii? aoaeoeaiino? —
3,50).

13. I?aeceii?e no?ie naae?iiy /anieeo iano??eeoth/iai y?iai caaacia/o?
ieae/o nia?aa?o?noue i?iaeoeoe?? ? aeuee ??aaiue ?aioaaaeueiino? i?e
aeei?enoaii? aaeeeeo coae?a ia 50, na?aaei?o — ia 93,7, ae??aieo — ia
118,3%. I?e i?aeceiiueiio naae?ii? eiao?oe??io a?iaia?aaoe/ii?
aoaeoeaiino? noaiiaeoue 3,15 — 2,35, a i?e aaniyiiio — 2,51-1,57
caeaaeii a?ae o?aeoe?? aenaaeaeaieo coae?a.

14. Aeey ae?iuoaaiiy /anieeo iano??eeoth/iai y?iai ia oiaa?i? oe?e?
aaeee? coaee iio??aii aenaaeaeoaaoe c ieiuath aeeaeaiiy 140 ? 175 ni2,
na?aaei? ? ae??ai? — c ieiuath aeeaeaiiy 105 ? 140 ni2 a i?aeceii?e
no?ie. Aeey ian?iieoeueeeo ianaaeaeaiue aeei?enoiaoaaoe aaeeeo ?
na?aaeith o?aeoe?? coae?a ? aenaaeaeoaaoe c ieiuath aeeaeaiiy 175, 210 ?
245 ni2. I?e naae?ii? ne?ae aeio?eioaaoenue iioeiaeueii? aeeaeie
naae?iiy 6 ni.

15. Aeey aaniyiiai no?ieo naae?iiy iinaaeeiaee iaoa??ae caa??aaoe
oieiaeiei niiniaii i?e oaiia?aoo?? 03N ? a?aeiini?e aieiaino? iia?o?y
75 — 80% aai eiia?iiaaiei — 6 i?nyoe?a i?e oaiia?aoo?? +18+20N ?
a?aeiini?e aieiaino? iia?o?y 60 — 70%, ianooii? 1,5 — 2 i?nyoe? aei
naae?iiy — i?e oaiia?aoo?? 03N ? a?aeiini?e aieiaino? iia?o?y 75 — 80%.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue

1. Eeoaoeueeee A.?., Iiiiaa E.I. Aieea ieiu? aeeaeaiiy ia
i?iaeoeoeai?noue iano??eeoth/iai /anieeo Aa?a?iee a?niee I?e/i?iiii?’y:
Ca. iaoe. i?. Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
?inoeoooo. — Iaeana, 1998. — aei. ?2 — N. 59 — 63 (iniaenoee aianie —
io?eiaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo ? aeniiaee).

2. Eeoaoeueeee A.?., Iiiiaa E.I. Iniiai? oaoiieia?/i? aeaiaioe
ae?iuoaaiiy iano??eeoth/iai /anieeo // No/ani? i?iaeaie ?ineeiieoeoaa ?
ei?iiae?iaieoeoaa: Ca. iaoe. i?. Oiainueei? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei?
aeaaeai??. — /ano. 2 — Oiaiue, 1998. — N. 41 — 45 (iniaenoee aianie —
io?eiaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo a oiiaao i?aaeaiiiai Noaio Oe?a?ie ?
?o ia?iaea).

3. Iiiiaa E.I. Caeaaei?noue ?icaeoeo ? i?iaeoeoeaiino? y?iai
iano??eeoth/iai /anieeo a?ae aeeaeie iinaaeee Aa?a?iee a?niee
I?e/i?iiii?’y: Ca. iaoe. i?. Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ?inoeoooo — Iaeana, 1998. — aei. ?2 — N. 63 —
67.

4. Iiiiaa E.I. O?c?ieiai — a?io?i?/i? ci?ie a ?ineeiao /anieeo caeaaeii
a?ae aa?ioaoi?/ieo caoiae?a a oiiaao i?aaeaiiiai Noaio Oe?a?ie Iaoeiaee
a?niee Iaoe?iiaeueiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo. — E., 1998. — aei.3. — N.
53 — 57.

5. Oeaoaea? I.I., Iiiiaa E.I. Caeaaei?noue ?icaeoeo ?ineei oa
a?iaeaeiino? y?iai /anieeo a?ae aeeaeie n?aae a oiiaao i?aaeaiiiai Noaio
Oe?a?ie // Iaoa?.i?aeaoc.iaoe.eiio. 9 — 26 ea?oiy «Oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy
a?iaeaeiino? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo? a oiiaao i?aaeiy
Oe?a?ie.» — E., — 1996?. — N. 31 (iniaenoee aianie — io?eiaiiy
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo ? aeniiaee).

6. Iiiiaa E.I. Aieea no?ie?a naae?iiy ia ??no, ?icaeoie oa a?iaeaei?noue
y?iai /anieeo a c?iooaaeueieo oiiaao i?aaeiy noaio Oe?a?ie //
Iaoa?.i?aeaoc.iaoe.eiio. 9 — 26 ea?oiy «Oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy a?iaeaeiino?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo? a oiiaao i?aaeiy Oe?a?ie.» — E., —
1996?. — N. 32.

Iiiiaa E.I. Oaoiieia?/i? i?eeiie naae?iiy ? caa??aaiiy iinaaeeiaiai
iaoa??aeo /anieeo iano??eeoth/iai y?iai a i?aaeaiiiio Noaio Oe?a?ie.
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiiy eaiaeeaeaoa
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 06.01.06 —
iai/?aieoeoai. Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao. Ee?a, 1999.

O aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue oaoiieia?/ieo
i?eeii?a ae?iuoaaiiy /anieeo iano??eeoth/iai y?iai a i?aaeaiiiio Noaio
Oe?a?ie. Aecia/aii iioeiaeuei? ia?aiao?e no?ie?a oa aeeaeie naae?iiy,
ieiu? aeeaeaiiy ?ineei a caeaaeiino? a?ae o?aeoe?? coae?a ? niiniao
caa??aaiiy iinaaeeiaiai iaoa??aeo. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ai?iaaaeaeaii o
ae?iaieoeoai.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: /aniee iano??eeoth/ee y?ee, ieiua aeeaeaiiy, no?ie
naae?iiy, aeeaeia naae?iiy, o?aeoe?y coae?a, niin?a caa??aaiiy, ??no,
?icaeoie, o?iaeaei?noue, aeiiii?/ia ? a?iaia?aaoe/ia aoaeoeai?noue.

Iiiiaa E.I. Oaoiieiae/aneea i?eaiu iinaaeee e o?aiaiey iinaaei/iiai
iaoa?eaea /aniiea iano?aeeothuaainy y?iaiai a thaeiie Noaie Oe?aeiu.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 06.01.06 — iaiuaaiaenoai.
Iaoeeiiaeueiue aa?a?iue oieaa?neoao, Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeeiiiay ?aaioa auiieiaia a Iaeanneii ainoaea?noaaiiii
naeueneioicyenoaaiiii einoeoooa a 1995 — 1998aa. A aeenna?oaoeee
eceiaeaiu ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee aaoi?a ii aii?inai
oniaa?oainoaiaaiey oaoiieiaee au?aueaaiey /aniiea iano?aeeothuaainy
y?iaiai a thaeiie Noaie Oe?aeiu.

Ai anooieaiee ?ane?uoa aeooaeueiinoue oaiu e ii?aaeaeaia oeaeue
enneaaeiaaiee — oniaa?oainoaiaaiea eiiieaena oaoiieiae/aneeo i?eaiia
iinaaeee e o?aiaiey iinaaei/iiai iaoa?eaea /aniiea iano?aeeothuaainy
y?iaiai, /oi iaania/eo iieo/aiea aunieie noaaeeueiie o?iaeaeiinoe i?e
aunieie ?aioaaaeueiinoe aai au?aueaaiey a thaeiie Noaie Oe?aeiu.
Iinoaaeaia caaea/a enneaaeiaaiee — eco/aiea aeeyiey ieiuaaee ieoaiey
?anoaiee, n?ieia, aeoaeiu iinaaeee coaeia e niiniaia o?aiaiey
iinaaei/iiai iaoa?eaea /aniiea iano?aeeothuaainy y?iaiai ia ?ino e
?acaeoea ?anoaiee, oeceieiai-aeioeie/aneea i?ioeannu, o?iaeaeiinoue e
ea/anoai i?iaeoeoeee, a oaeaea yeiiiie/aneoth e aeiyia?aaoe/aneoth
yooaeoeaiinoue au?aueaaiey. Eiie?aoecaoeey e iainiiaaiea iioeiaeueiuo
ia?aiao?ia oaoiieiae/aneeo i?eaiia iinaaeee e o?aiaiey iinaaei/iiai
iaoa?eaea. Iieacaia iao/iay iiaecia e i?aeoe/aneia cia/aiea iieo/aiiuo
?acoeueoaoia.

A eeoa?aoo?iii iaci?a ?anniio?aiu aii?inu aeeyiey oaoiieiae/aneeo
i?eaiia ia ?ino, ?acaeoea e o?iaeaeiinoue /aniiea, iniaaiiinoe
oaoiieiaee aai i?iecaiaenoaa a ?aciuo ii/aaiii-eeeiaoe/aneeo ciiao e
iniiaiua iai?aaeaiey enneaaeiaaiee ii aii?inai aa oniaa?oainoaiaaiey.

A ?acaeaea «Iaoiaeeea e oneiaey i?iaaaeaiey enneaaeiaaiee» aeaia e?aoeay
oa?aeoa?enoeea ii/aaiii-eeeiaoe/aneeo oneiaee thaeiie Noaie Oe?aeiu,
iiaiaeiuo oneiaee ca aiaeu i?iaaaeaiey enneaaeiaaiee, ii/au o/anoea e
i?eaaaeaia aa?ioaoieea au?aueaaiey /aniiea a iiuoa.

Aeaia e?aoeay oa?aeoa?enoeea 3-o iieaauo iiuoia ii eco/aieth
oaoiieiae/aneeo i?eaiia iinaaeee /aniiea a caaeneiinoe io o?aeoeee
coaeia e iiuoa ii eco/aieth niiniaia o?aiaiey iinaaei/iiai iaoa?eaea
/aniiea iano?aeeothuaainy y?iaiai. Oeacaiu iniiaiua iaoiaeeee
i?iaaaeaiey enneaaeiaaiee, yeiiiie/aneie e aeiyia?aaoe/aneie
yooaeoeaiinoe, noaoenoe/aneie ia?aaioee iieo/aiiuo ?acoeueoaoia.

A yenia?eiaioaeueiie /anoe aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaiou eceiaeaiu
?acoeueoaou nianoaaiiuo enneaaeiaaiee aaoi?a ii eeth/aaui aii?inai
oaoiieiae/aneeo i?eaiia au?aueaaiey /aniiea iano?aeeothuaainy y?iaiai —
aeeyiey ieiuaaee ieoaiey ?anoaiee, n?ieia, aeoaeiu iinaaeee e niiniaia
o?aiaiey iinaaei/iiai iaoa?eaea ia i?ioiaeaeaiea iniiaiuo oaiieiae/aneeo
oac iioiaaiaca, iniaaiiinoe ?inoa e oa?aeoa? ?acaeoey ?anoaiee, ia
niaea?aeaiea ieoaoaeueiuo aauanoa a ?anoaieyo, o?iaeaeiinoue e ea/anoai
o?iaeay, yeiiiie/aneoth e aeiyia?aaoe/aneoth yooaeoeaiinoue
i?iecaiaenoaa.

Ii?aaeaeaiea iioeiaeueiuo ia?aiao?ia oaoiieiae/aneeo i?eaiia au?aueaaiey
/aniiea iano?aeeothuaainy y?iaiai a thaeiie Noaie Oe?aeiu iaania/eaaao
iieo/aiea aunieie o?iaeaeiinoe oiaa?iuo eoeiaeoe e yaeyaony
yeiiiie/anee auaiaeiui. I?e au?aueaaiee /aniiea iano?aeeothuaainy y?iai
ieiuaaeue ieoaiey ?anoaiee iaiaoiaeeii aeeooa?aioee?iaaoue a caaeneiinoe
io o?aeoeee coaeia.

N oaaee/aieai ieiuaaee ieoaiey io 105 aei 245 ni2 oaaee/eaaaony ianna
eoeiaeoe ec aieueoeo coaeia io 12,1 aei 20,4 a; ec n?aaeieo — io 11,0
aei 16,8; ec iaeeeo — io 7,5 aei 10,2 a. I?e yoii oaaee/eaaaony auoiae
e?oiiie e n?aaeiae o?aeoeee coaeia a eoeiaeoeao. Iaeaieueooth oiaa?ioth
o?iaeaeiinoue iaania/eaaao iinaaeea e?oiiuie coaeaie (9,53 o/aa) n
ieiuaaeueth ieoaiey 140 ni2, n?aaeieie (7,21 o/aa) e iaeeeie (4,83
o/aa) — 105 ni2. Ieiuaaeue ieoaiey ?anoaiey aeeyao ia niaea?aeaiea
nooiai aauanoaa e naoa?a a ?anoaieyo.

Iaeeo/oei n?ieii iinaaeee coaeia /aniiea iano?aeeothuaainy a thaeiie
Noaie Oe?aeiu yaeyaony iiaeceiiee. Caaaa a ?acaeoee ei?iaaie nenoaiu
?anoaiee iiaeceiiaai n?iea iinaaeee iaania/eaaao aieaa iieiia
eniieueciaaiea aeaae a ?aiiaaanaiiee ia?eiae, eioaineaiue ?ino e
?acaeoea ?anoaiee e oi?ie?iaaiea eoeiaeoe n aieueoae iannie e
eiee/anoaii coaeia. Yoi i?eaiaeeo e oaaee/aieth oiaa?iie o?iaeaeiinoe ia
25 — 51% a caaeneiinoe io o?aeoeee iinaaei/iuo coaeia a n?aaiaiee n
aanaiiei n?ieii iinaaeee.

Iioeiaeueiie aeoaeiie iinaaeee /aniiea yaeyaony 6 ni. Iia iaania/eaaao
iioeiaeueiua ii/aaiiua oneiaey aeey ?inoa e ?acaeoey ?anoaiee e
niinianoaoao oi?ie?iaaieth aunieie oiaa?iie o?iaeaeiinoe — 8,74 o/aa n
auoiaeii noaiaea?oiuo eoeiaeoe 91,2%. N oaaee/aieai aeoaeiu iinaaeee aei
8 e 10 ni o?iaeaeiinoue oiaiueoaaony ia 24,4 — 26,5%, a i?e iinaaeea ia
aeoaeio 4 ni — ia 6,7%.

?aoeeiiaeueiue niinia o?aiaiey iinaaei/iiai iaoa?eaea /aniiea
iano?aeeothuaainy y?iaiai — oieiaeiue. Ii onei?yao ?acaeoea ca/aoea,
/oi iaaethaeaaony i?e aiaoiie/aneii ?ac?aca coaeia. I?e yoii
oaaee/eaaaony niaea?aeaiea aeoaieia N, a iinea aunaaeeaaiey onei?yaony
oei?aiaiea e oi?ie?iaaiea ?anoaiee. Yoio niinia o?aiaiey iinaaei/iiai
iaoa?eaea iaania/eaaao iieo/aiea iaeaieueoae oiaa?iie (8,50 o/aa) e
noaiaea?oiie (7,71 o/aa) o?iaeaeiinoe. ?anoaiey iinea oaieiai o?aiaiey
coaeia, oi?ie?oy aieueooth aaaaoaoeaioth ianno, ia nic?aaatho e
eoeiaeoeu i?aeoe/aneiai cia/aiey ia eiatho. O?iaeaeiinoue oiaa?iuo
eoeiaeoe ec coaeia oaieiai o?aiaiey iiaeii iieo/eoue oieueei i?e
iinaaeea a iao?aaeeoeeiiii ?aiiea n?iee.

Naiie ieceie naaanoieiinoueth e iaeaunoei o?iaiai ?aioaaaeueiinoe
oa?aeoa?ecoaony iiaeceiiyy iinaaeea /aniiea iano?aeeothuaainy y?iaiai
e?oiiuie e n?aaeieie coaeaie n ieiuaaeueth ieoaiey 175 ni2, a iaeeeie —
140 ni2.

Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou ?aaiou aiaae?aiu a i?iecaiaenoai.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: /aniie iano?aeeothueeny y?iaie, ieiuaaeue ieoaiey, n?ie
iinaaeee, aeoaeia iinaaeee, o?aeoeey coaeia, niinia o?aiaiey, ?ino,
?acaeoea, o?iaeaeiinoue, yeiiiie/aneay e aeiyia?aaoe/aneay
yooaeoeaiinoue.

Popova L.M. Technologies of planting and storing of garlic unshooting
spring in the South of Ukraine.

The thesis for searching the scientific degree of candidate of
agricultural sciences on specialty 06.01.06 — «Vegetable growing» —
National agrarian university, Kiev, 1999.

The results of technological methods of garlic unshooting spring growing
in the South of Ukraine are described in the thesis.

The optimum parameters of planting terms and the depth of planting,
plant nutrition area, depending on clove size of garlic; the storage
methods of planting material are determined.

The main result are introduced into production.

The key words: garlic unshooting spring, nutrition area, terms of
planting, depth of planting, clove size of garlic, the storage methods,
growth, development, crop capacity, economic and bioenergetic
efficiency.

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