EE?ANUeEEE OI?AA?NEOAO ?iai? OA?ANA OAA*AIEA

Ai?ae??iei Ieoaeei A?eai?iae/

OAeE 321. 01 (477)

NOOI?NOUe OA INIIAI? CANAAeE EIIOeAIOe?? OE?A?INUeEI? AeA?AEAAIINO?
A’ss*ANEAAA EEIEINUeEIAI

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 23. 00. 01 — oai??y oa ?noi??y iie?oe/ii? iaoee

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iie?oe/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao?.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Aae?ae ?aai
?iiaiiae/, Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee
oi?aa?neoao, aeioeaio eaoaae?e ?noi???
Oe?a?ie.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — aeieoi? iie?oe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Ea?ooiia Ieaen?e
Aaneeueiae/, ?inoeooo aeiiii?ee, oi?aae?iiy oa

ainiiaea?nueeiai i?aaa, i. Ee?a,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e

aoiai?oa?ieo aeenoeeie?i;

— eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Iaooiee
Ieeiea ?aaiiae/, Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao
?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, aeioeaio eaoaae?e
iie?oieia??.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — ?inoeooo o?einio?? ?iai? A.N. Neiai?iaee IAI
Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e nioe?aeueii? o?einio??,
i. Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 26 “ ea?oiy 1999 ?. i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 26. 001. 41 a Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao?
?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ca aae?anith: 252033, i.Ee?a, aoe.
Aieiaeeie?nueea, 60, aoae.330.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a Iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe? ?i.
I.Iaeneiiae/a Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (i. Ee?a,
aoe. Aieiaeeie?nueea, 58).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “___“ aa?aciy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Naeoianueeee I.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeeiai?/iee i?ioean ?aaeeeaeueii?
o?ainoi?iaoe?? naieo i?aeaaeei iinoeiioi?noe/ii? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?
oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa cana?ae/o?, ui aeey eiai noaa?eueiiai
ooieoe?iioaaiiy a?ae/ooii a?aeo? aoaeoeaiiai ?aeaeii-oai?aoe/iiai
i?aea?oioy. Ine?eueee iie?oe/ia aeoiea Oe?a?ie, aaia?oth/enue ia?aaaaeii
a ia?nii?o?eiaaiiio aeaeyae?, aeinyaaea aaaiieo iaoeiaeo caeiaooe?a
oi?iaeiaae ae?oai? iieiaeie O?O ? ii/aoeo OO no., oi iaeiei ?c ia??aeieo
eaiai?a oe?a?inueeiai ?aianaino a oiiaao iei?oiueiai ?aeaieia?/iiai
oaino aeioe?eueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe oai?aoe/i? noaeaeaiiy oa
aea?aeaaioai?/ee aeina?ae a?o/eciyieo iie?oieia?a o??? aeiae. Na?aae ieo
i?ia?aeia i?noea caeia? A’y/aneaa Eeieinueeee (1882-1931), yeee,
i?iieeeeai ona?aeiiethth/e aaee/acio caa?ico iiaii? anei?eyoe??
oe?a?inueeiai aoiino, ui ianee ?aaiethoe?ei? iiae?? 1917–20-o ?ie?a oa
nioe?ae?noe/ia aaaaiii?y oiae?oiuei? ae?oe, i?iiiio? aeueoa?iaoeaio
oai??th aea?aeaaiino? – eiina?aaoeaii-iiia?o?/io. Aecia/aeuei? /eiieee
eiai iie?oe/ii? eiioeaioe??: aaoi?eoaoia aeaaea,
oe?ai?ianueei-naeyinueeee iioaioe?ae, o?enoeyinuee? oe?iiino? –
caeeoathoueny aeooaeueieie ? aeey no/aniiai oe?a?inueeiai
aea?aeaaioai?aiiy.

Iacaaaeath/e ia iaaio o?iiieia?/io a?aeaeaeai?noue, aeine?aeaeaiiy
A.Eeieinueeiai, ui oi?ioaaeenue a oiiaao e?eciai? aeiae, aeeaiaeaeii
ia?aaoeothoueny c a?iiaaenueei-iie?oe/iei nueiaiaeaiiyi. Iaeiae, ia an?
?aea? oeueiai ieneeoaey iiaeia ni?eeiaoe aaccanoa?aaeii e iaeiicia/ii.
Aiie iio?aaothoue e?eoe/ii? ioe?iee e aaeaioaoe?? aei no/anieo oiia.

Ia aeaeue, a ?aieao ?aaeyinueei? noni?eueii-iie?oe/ii? iaoee oaea
iinoaoue ye Eeieinueeee na?aeiii ?aii?oaaeany, a yeui e caaaeoaaeanue,
oi iia?aeii aai aeeeth/ii a iaaaoeaiiio eiioaeno?, aaeaea o?eueee
?aaiethoe?eii-i?ieaoa?nueeo aia?a?th ia?iaeieo ian ?nioth/ee
a?eueoiaeoeueeee ?aaeei c ai?ae?noth iaceaaa iinooiii, eiina?aaoeci —
ciaaaaeeeai — ?aaeoe??th. Oiio oe?eeii caeiiii??ii, ui a?oioiaia iaoeiaa
aeine?aeaeaiiy oai?aoeei-iie?oe/ii? niaaeueie A.Eeieinueeiai iaaoaa?
ia?aeiiiiai cia/aiiy aeey ?icaeoeo iia?oiuei? oe?a?inueei? ?noi??ia?ao??
? iie?oieia??, aea a?i, a?aeiia?aeii, aoa caniiaieeii aea?aeaaieoeueeiai
? eiina?aaoeaiiai iai?yie?a.

Iaoeiaee aei?iaie aaoi?a «Eeno?a» aeine?aeaeoaaee o cao?aeiiio na?o?,
aea, oi/ ? i?ca?ieie oe?aaeaie, aea aeoiaeeee eieae ? noaoo? a/aiiai, a
o O?eaaeaeueo?? (NOA) noai?aiee iaoeiaee ?inoeooo eiai ?iai?. Ca
ei?aeiiii oai?e Eeieinueeiai iaaoee aaeeeiai iioe?aiiy, a aianie
ieneeoaey o ?icaeoie noni?eueii-iie?oe/ii? aeoiee – iaeaaeii? ioe?iee.
sse aaaaea? A.Eo/aanueeee, iaeaeuiai ceaoo oe?a?inueeee aeoo ae?noaa o
iinoaoyo O.Oaa/aiea, A.Oiaeueieoeueeiai e A.Eeieinueeiai.

C a?ae?iaeaeaiiyi oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino? aei niaaeueie
A.Eeieinueeiai ia?aoo? io?eiaee aeinooi ? a?o/eciyi? aeine?aeieee. Oea
noai?th? ni?eyoeeao iaaiaeo ? iaaaeueio iio?aao caeo/aoe eiai
i?ea?iaeuei? ?aea? aei ?aaeueieo iie?oe/ieo a?aeiinei. Iaiaaath/enue
a?aeooeaoe a ?noi??? Oe?a?ie iiaeaeue ?? iaeaooiueiai aea?aeaaiiai
eaaeo, A.Eeieinueeee coi?a ae?iaeoe eiino?oeoeaio aeieo?eio
aea?aeaaioai?aiiy, yea ?ai?acaioo? iii??eiaaio naiino?eieoeueeo
iie?oeeo, ui aaco?oueny ia aeanieo o?aaeeoe?yo.

A ?aieao iie?oe/ii? eiioeaioe?? Eeieinueeiai ?oeioth/iio aeaiie?aoe/iiio
iinooio i?ioenoiyoue aeani? iaoe?iiaeuei? no?eioth/? neee, caeaoi?
?aae?coaaoe iacaeaaeio aea?aeaaioai?/o iie?oeeo. A?aoiaoth/e
aeaeea?aoe?? no/aniiai iie?oe/iiai ?noaae?oiaioo Oe?a?ie eeoa ia
aeaiie?aoe/i? oe?iiino?, ui ia caaaeaee ca?aathoueny c iaoe?iiaeueieie
?ioa?anaie noaa?aiii? aea?aeaae, oae? iie?oieia?/i? i??eoaaiiy ieneeoaey
caeeoathoueny aino?i ceiaiaeaiieie e a aiioo iinoeiioi?cio.

Ioaea, aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy eiioeaioe?? oe?a?inueei?
aea?aeaaiino? A.Eeieinueeiai aeooaeueia ia o?eueee a ieai? caaaa/aiiy
oai?aoe/ii? iie?oieia??, a aea? oaeiae aaaii? ?aoe?iiaeuei? ?aea? aeey
?nioth/i? iie?oe/ii? ae?eniino?. Iicaaaeai? aeiaa? ?iee oe??? aaaaothui?
nea?aieoe?, ie caoiaeeee o aacaeo?aeue uiaei ieoaiue, ye? aeaaii
?ic?iaea Eeieinueeee ? ye? — i?e a?eueo ieeueiiio aiae?c? — iaeaea
aaeaeaaoii a?aeiia?aeathoue i?iaeaiai iaoeo aei?a. Iie?oe/ia eiioeaioe?y
A.Eeieinueeiai, ui aaco?oueny ia a???, ?ae?a?? oa iaoe?iiaeueieo
o?aaeeoe?yo, ? oi?aa?naeueiith, /eii?noue yei? aoea ? caeeoa?oueny a
ae?? ca an?o aiio.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?th
aeeiiaii a?aeiia?aeii aei oaiaoeee eiiieaenii? i?iaeaie “Nioe?aeuei?
aniaeoe aa?a?ieo a?aeiinei iacaeaaeii? Oe?a?ie”, yea ?ic?iaey?oueny
eieaeoeaii eaoaae?e ?noi??? Oe?a?ie IAO.

Uia iaaeeceoeny aei ia’?eoeaiiai ?icoi?iiy iie?oieia?? Eeieinueeiai,
o?aaa a?oioiaii i?iaiae?coaaoe iniiai? ?aea? iaoeiaiai aei?iaeo a/aiiai,
aeieeaaeii aecia/eoe iiiyooy ? c’ynoaaoe, /e a?aeiia?aeathoue
noi?ioeueiaai? iei ?aeaieia?/i? canaaee aeiiaai /ano ? iio?aaai iaoi?
iaoe??, aeey yei? aoee i?ecia/ai?. Naia oae? i?eioeeie coiiaeththoue
i???ioe?e i?e aecia/aii? ia’?eoo, i?aaeiaoo, aieiaii? iaoe ? iniiaieo
caaaeaiue aeena?oaoe??.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? oai??y oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino? A’y/aneaaa
Eeieinueeiai a ?noi??? a?o/eciyii? noni?eueii-iie?oe/ii? aeoiee.

I?aaeiaoii aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aenooiathoue nooi?noue oa
iniiai? canaaee eiioeaioe?? oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino? A.Eeieinueeiai,
?? ?aeaeii-iaoiaeieia?/i? /eiieee noaiiaeaiiy oa aaiethoe??.

Aieiaiith iaoith ?iaioe ? anaa?/iee aiae?c oai?aoeei-iie?oe/ii?
niaaeueie A.Eeieinueeiai, ui ?ice?eaa? i?noea ? ?ieue iaoe?? oa
aea?aeaae a aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa.

Aeinyaiaiiy iaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?enith?oueny /a?ac
ae??oaiiy oaeeo iniiaieo caaaeaiue:

c’ynoaaoe iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae oa ?noi?e/i? aeaea?aea, ui aecia/aee
noaiiaeaiiy ? aaiaco nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ieo iiaeyae?a A.Eeieinueeiai oa
iaoiiaethaaee ni?yioaaiiy eiai iaoeiaeo iiooe?a;

aeine?aeeoe i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy eiioeaioe?? iie?oe/ii? ae?oe, ?? i?noey ?
?ie? a aea?aeaaieoeuee?e oai??? A.Eeieinueeiai;

?ice?eoe i??i?eoaoi? eiiiiiaioe «oe?ai?ianueei-eeanie?aoe/ii?» aa?n??
iaoe?iiaeueiiai aea?aeaaioai?aiiy A.Eeieinueeiai, aea cina?aaeaeaii
iaea?eueo oa?aeoa?i? ?aeaeii-iie?oe/i? eiinoaioe eiai oai?aoe/ii?
niaaeueie;

i?iaiae?coaaoe iniiai? iciaee “iaoiae?a i?aai?caoe??” noni?eueiiai
ono?ith, oa cia/aiiy aeaiie?aoe/ieo oe?iiinoae a ?aieao iie?oe/ii?
aeieo?eie oai?aoeea oe?a?inueeiai eiina?aaoecio;

– i?inoaaeeoe nioe?ieoeueoo?i? canaaee eiioeaioe?? oe?a?inueei?
aea?aeaaiino? A.Eeieinueeiai, aeei?enoiaoth/e i?eioeei ieth?ae?noe/ii?
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? iie?oe/ieo oaiiiai?a;

– cae?enieoe ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c ie?aieo neeaaeiaeo aea?aeaaieoeueei?
oai??? A.Eeieinueeiai c ?ioeie aeine?aeieeaie aiaeia?/ieo i?iaeai, aeey
aecia/aiiy ei?aeyoe?eii? caeaaeiino? a ?o eiioeaiooaeueieo i?aeoiaeao.

Aeaea?aeueio aaco aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaee, ia?o ca ana,
ooiaeaiaioaeuei? oai?e oa ai?noiey?ii-ioae?oeenoe/ia niaaeueia naiiai
A.Eeieinueeiai, iioae?eiaai? a ??ci? /ane ye ie?aieie aeaeaiiyie, oae ?
a /aniienao «Aecaiie», «Iinooi», «Iie?oeea» oa ?i. A oiae? iaa?oiooaaiiy
iniiaieo i?iaeai oeueiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoaii a?aeiia?aei? a?o?ai?
aeieoiaioe ? iaoa??aee, caeo/ai? ??aee?ni? ioae?eaoe?? iaoeiaeo ?ia?o
A.Eeieinueeiai, ui caa??aathoueny a a?ae?ioaoe? oe?a?inueei? ae?anii?e,
a oaeiae ii?aoeueiaai? iayai? c aeaii? i?iaeaiaoeee e?oa?aoo?i?
aeaea?aea Oeaio?aeueii? iaoeiai? a?ae?ioaee ?i. A.?.Aa?iaaenueeiai IAI
Oe?a?ie.

A i?ioean? i?aeaioiaee oa iaienaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aaoi?
iciaeiieany c i?aoeyie aaaaoueio a?o/eciyieo a/aieo, ye? aeey
ia?aeiieeai? a?aoiaioaoe?? iaaiiai eoeueoo?iiai, ?noi?e/iiai,
iie?oe/iiai yaeua aai oaiiiaio a o?e /e ?io?e i??? caa?oaeeny aei ?aeae
A.Eeieinueeiai, na?aae ieo: A.Aiae?ouaiei, ?.Aeno?eoeueeee, ?.Ae/ei,
A.Ao?ea/oe, Ae.Aeae??i, I.Caaoaeei, ?.?aai/aiei, I.Ea?ooiia, O.Ee?eethe,
A.E?aiaiue, A.Eoooa, I.Iaeai?iaea, I.Ie?iiaiei, I.Iaooiee, A.Iieioaei,
I.Iiiiae/, A.Iiooeueieoeueeee, TH.?eia?aiei, I.Naeoianueeee, I.Oiiaiei,
I.Oeyoooi, I.Oii?aoi oa ?i.

Aaaiio /anoeio aeaea?aeueii? aace aeena?oaoe?? noaiiaeyoue
eiioeaiooaeuei? ?aea? i?ia?aeieo ca?oa?aeieo ieneeoae?a, ii/eiath/e a?ae
aioe/ieo /an?a ? cae?i/oth/e no/ani?noth: Ieaoii, A?enoioaeue,
I.Iae?aaaee?, O.Aiaan, O.Iiioane’?, A.Aa?e, E.Aa?aea?, O.Aaaaeue, A. aea
Oiea?eue, E.Aoiieiae/, A.Eaaii, A.?aooeaiaioa?, O.I?oeoa, AE.Ni?aeue,
A.Ia?aoi, A.Iinea, I.Aaaa?, O.I?oaaa-?-Aanao, A.Oieia?, E.Aeie/,
A.Ni?o, O.Oaeae, C.Aaeaceinueeee oa ?i.

Uia iaea?eueo iiaii oa anaa?/ii aena?oeeoe ii?ooai? a oeueiio
aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii? ieoaiiy, aaoi? nie?a?oueny ia
a?aeiia?aei? i?aoe? i?aaenoaaiee?a a?o/eciyii? oa ca?oa?aeii? iie?oe/ii?
aeoiee, ye iacaaieo aeua, oae ? a?eueo iiaii iaaaaeaieo o nieneo
aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e. I?e aiae?c? eeth/iaeo aniaeo?a iie?oe/ii?
eiioeaioe?? Eeieinueeiai ?icaeyaeaeeny oi/ee ci?o ??cieo aeine?aeiee?a,
i?aoe? yeeo oi?eaeeny ?noi?eei-iie?oe/iiai oa iaoe?iiaeueii-aea?aeaaiiai
?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie. Oaeiae c’yniaai? iniiai? ?aea? oeo iiia?aaei?o
iieie?iue oe?a?inueeeo a/aieo, ye? a?aeia?aaeaee e ioe?ithaaee ?noi?e/i?
iiae?? oa nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/i? a?aeiineie, ca yeeo aeea ? oai?ea
A.Eeieinueeee, a naia: I.Einoiia?ia, A.Aioiiiae/, I.Ae?aaiiaiia,
I.A?ooaanueeee, A.Noa?inieuenueeee, A.Aeiie/aiei, I.Ai/eianueeee,
I.Aaneeaiei, Ae.Aei?ioaiei, A.Eo/aanueeee, Ae.Aeiioeia oa ?i.

Iniaeeao oaaao i?eae?eaii aea/aiith no/anieo iie?oieia?/ieo o?aeooaaiue
oai?/i? niaaeueie A.Eeieinueeiai. O oeueiio a?aeiioaii? aaaaoi ie?aeieo
?aeae aeathoue iaoa??aee i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? «A’y/aneaa
Eeieinueeee: ?noi?eei-iie?oieia?/ia niaaeueia ? no/ania Oe?a?ia», yea
a?aeaoeany 2 — 6 /a?aiy 1992 ?ieo o Ee?a?, Eooeueeo ? E?aiaioe? c
iaaiaee 110 ?ieiaei c aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy a/aiiai. E??i oiai, aaaii?
aiae?oe/i? ?ic?iaee ??cieo aniaeo?a iaoeiaiai aei?iaeo Eeieinueeiai
i?noyoueny a oe?ieiio niaeo?? no/anieo noni?eueii-iie?oe/ieo aeaeaiue,
cie?aia: «A?/a», «Aaiaca», «Iieiaea iaoe?y», «Iiaa iie?oeea», «Iie?oe/ia
aeoiea», «Iie?oieia?/i? /eoaiiy», «?icaoaeiaa aea?aeaae», «No/ani?noue»,
«Oe?a?inuee? i?iaeaie» oa ?i.

Aea/aiiy aeaea?aeueii? aace c oe??? i?iaeaiaoeee iieaco?, ui oai?aoe/ia
niaaeueia Eeieinueeiai a oaeiio ?aeo?n?, yeee ia?aiee oaiith aeaii?
aeena?oaoe??, ? iaeiaeine?aeaeaiith. Ca?aene iaoeiaa iiaecia
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iaoiiaeth?oueny oei, ui a i?e ii noo? aia?oa
ia’?eoii niaoe?aeueiiai iie?oieia?/iiai aiae?co aenooia? eiioeaioe?y
oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino? A.Eeieinueeiai, c’ynoaaiiy ?? nooiino? oa
iniiaieo canaae. Aecia/aeuei? noni?eueii-iie?oe/i? ?aea? a/aiiai
?icaeyioo? ia ye uinue noaea, canoeaea, a a aeeiai?/iiio ?icaeoeo,
o?ainoi?iaoe??, caeaaeii a?ae nioe?aeueiiai na?aaeiaeua ? ia?aioe?iee
aeooiaieo aa?oinoae oa a?aeiia?aeii aei aea?aeaaieo iio?aa iacaeaaeii?
Oe?a?ie.

A ?aieao i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iaa?oioiaaii ?yae iieiaeaiue, ye?
a?aecia/athoueny aeaiaioaie iaoeiai-oai?aoe/ii? iiaecie ? aeiinyoueny ia
caoeno:

c’yniaaii, ui aeo?aeiei ioieoii iie?oe/ii? oai??? A.Eeieinueeiai ne?ae
aaaaeaoe eiai aeoeaia i?aaiaiiy aeyaeoe i?e/eie caiaiaaeo oe?a?inueei?
aea?aeaaiino? ca /an?a Oiaeueie//eie ? aeiae Oeaio?aeueii? ?aaee c
iaoith ?? oni?oiiai a?aeiiaeaiiy a iaeaooiueiio, ui noeioethaaei
?ic?iaeo a/aiei aeueoa?iaoeaii? oiae?oi?e nioe?ae?noe/i?e ?aeaieia??
eiina?aaoeaii-iiia?o?/ii? eiioeaioe??; oa?aeoa?ii, ui ?aeay aea?aeaaii?
iacaeaaeiino? — oea oi?aa?naeueiee e?eoa??e, c aeiiiiiaith yeiai
Eeieinueeee aei??th? aeeaeio, ?noeii?noue, ia’?eoeai?noue iie?oe/iiai
ieneaiiy oa aoaeoeai?noue, aeioe?euei?noue eiai i?aeoe/ii? ?aae?caoe??;

aeyaeaii, ui aeii?iaioe iie?oe/iiai ieneaiiy Eeieinueeiai — neea, aiey,
ai?ioueaa, aeaaea, ye? oi?ioaaeeny i?ae aieeaii aeeneo?no a?eie ia
ii/aoeo OO no., aecia/athoue eiai o?einionuee? canaaee: ana noua ?nio?
ianaiia?aae oiio, ui aiii neeueia, a neeueia oiio, ui ii?aeueia ?
?icoiia; aeey Eeieinueeiai ?aaeueia iie?oeea — oea ai?ioueaa ca i?aai
aieiae?oe caieath, caoenoeoe yeo ni?iiiaeia aea?aeaaa, oiio ni?aaaei?i
iin??i aea?aeaaii? ?aea? aenooia? ia?iae-oe?ai?ia, caieaaeaniee, a?ae
i?aai?caoe?? yeiai caeaaeeoue ia’?aeiaiiy oe?a?inueei? iaoe??;

anoaiiaeaii, ui a ieoaii? oe?a?inueeiai aea?aeaaioai?aiiy A.Eeieinueeee
aenooiaa ye oai?aoee iiia?o?cio, aaaaeath/e, ui iaea?eueo i?eeiyoiith
aeey Oe?a?ie oi?iith aea?aeaaiiai i?aae?iiy ? niaaeeiaa (ae?aee/ia),
i?aaiaa («caeiiii iaiaaeaia ? caeiiii iaiaaeoth/a») ? o?oaeiaa iiia?o?y
o o?aaeeoe?ei?e oi?i? aaoueiaiaoo, ui aaco?oueny ia oaeeo canaaeao ye
a?enoie?ao?y, eeanie?ao?y, oa?eoi??aeueiee iao??ioeci, ?ae?a?eiee aoin;

iieacaii, ui, iaa?oioiaoth/e i?ia?aeio ?ieue o noni?euenoa?
iaoe?iiaeueii? a?enoie?ao??, i?ae yeith Eeieinueeee ?icoi?? iaee?aueo
ethaeae iaoe?? aac iaeyaeo ia ?o iioiaeaeaiiy ? noai, a/aiee cae?enith?
oeiieia?th oi?i aea?aeaaiiai ono?ith, aeae?eyth/e ioeie?ao?th,
aeaiie?ao?th ? eeanie?ao?th, ui ? aaaiiei aianeii aei a?o/eciyii? oa
na?oiai? iie?oe/ii? aeoiee;

?ice?eoi oaco Eeieinueeiai i?i oa, ui ooaa?aeaeaiiy «?aaeueii?, a ia
o?eueee e?oa?aoo?ii? Oe?a?ie» ia? cae?enithaaoenue oeyoii a?ae?iaeaeaiiy
eiina?aaoecio, nie?ath/enue ia aeanio ?noi?e/io e aeooiaio niaaeueio ?
ia iiaooi?e iioaioe?ae naeyinueei-oe?ai?ianueei? aa?noae; a ?iaio?
a?aoiaioiaaii, ui naia oae? ?aeaei? canaaee ni?iiiaei? caaacia/eoe
eiino?oeoeaiee ?icaeoie no/aniiai oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa;

ia iniia? anaa?/iiai aiae?co oai?aoeei-iie?oe/ii? niaaeueie
A.Eeieinueeiai aoei aena?oeaii ?? no?oeoo?i? aeaiaioe ? iieacaii, ui
aeioe?euei?noue noi?ioeueiaaieo a/aiei ?aeaieia?/ieo canaae a?aeiia?aea?
aeiiaai iaoiai /ano; a ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei aeiaaaeaii, ui,
aiaethth/e aei iaoe?iiaeueieo ii/ooo?a ? aeooiaieo o?aaeeoe?e aeaniiai
ia?iaeo, eiioeaioe?y oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino? Eeieinueeiai noai?th?
aoaeoeaia i?aea?oioy aeey ae??oaiiy iei?oi?o i?iaeai iaoe?iiaeueiiai
aea?aeaaioai?aiiy.

Aei iiaecie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iiaeia a?aeianoe ia o?eueee
iaoeiai-oai?aoe/io cia/ei?noue i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue, a e /?oei
ie?aneaio i?aeoe/io aeioe?euei?noue iniiaieo iieiaeaiue eiioeaioe??
oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino? A.Eeieinueeiai iie?oe/iei ?aae?yi
nueiaiaeaiiy.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? a oiio, ui i?iaaaeaia iaoeiaa
aeine?aeaeaiiy ni?ey? iiaeeaeaiith i?ciaiiy oa no/aniiai ?icoi?iiy
iie?oieia?/ii? niaaeueie A.Eeieinueeiai, iaaiith i??ith aeiiiaith?
caaaeueio ea?oeio ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? noni?eueii-iie?oe/ii? aeoiee OO
no., a oaeiae aeiiiiaaa? c’ynoaaoe oyae?noue aeayeeo oaiaeaioe?e ?
iai?yie?a iaoe?iiaeueiiai aea?aeaaioai?aiiy. C?iaeaiee oai?aoe/iee
aiae?c aeoea?co? iiaa?iaiiy aei aaeeoeo ? aea/aiiy a Oe?a?i? i?aoeue
caniiaieea eiina?aaoeaiiai iai?yieo a?o/eciyii? iie?oieia??. Iniiai?
oai?aoe/i? ocaaaeueiaiiy ? aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?? iiaeooue aooe
aeei?enoai? i?e ?ic?iaoe? ooiaeaiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue o a?o/eciyi?e
iie?oe/i?e iaooe?, o i?ioean? /eoaiiy eaeoe?e c iie?oieia??, iie?oe/ii?
o?einio??, a niaoeeo?nao c ?noi??? iie?oe/ii? aeoiee.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/a?oueny oei, ui
iaaaaeaiee o ?iaio? oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae oa ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
iiaeooue ni?eyoe o ae??oaii? iie?oe/ieo i?iaeai, ui iinoaee ia?aae
oe?a?inueeei noni?euenoaii ia no/aniiio aoai?, iia’ycaieo c
ooaa?aeaeaiiyi oa aoaeoeaiei ?icaeoeii iaoe?iiaeueii? aea?aeaaiino?. A
iei?oiueiio ?aeaieia?/iiio oain? ?nio? iio?aaa caeo/aoe eiino?oeoeai?
?aea? Eeieinueeiai i?aaiaie aea?aeaaii? aeaaee a ae?yeuei?noue
iie?oe/ieo ia?o?e, a?iiaaenueeeo i?aai?caoe?e oa ?oo?a aeey oni?oiiai
iaa?oiooaaiiy ? i?iaaaeaiiy nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ieo ia?aoai?aiue a
oe?a?inuee?e aea?aeaa?, uia oieeiooe iiieeie ieioeiai aea?aeaaioai?aiiy.
Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaoe?y ? naiino?eiei iaoeiaei
aeine?aeaeaiiyi aaoi?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ci?no aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeaii
o ?yae? ioae?eaoe?e aaoi?a. Iaoa??aee ?iaioe ai?iaiaai? oaeiae i?ae /an
i?aeaioiaee oa i?iaaaeaiiy nai?ia?nueeeo ? oaeoeueoaoeaieo caiyoue ?c
nooaeaioaie Iaoe?iiaeueiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo, o/ano? a
i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? «Aoiiiaoe?iiaeuei? i?ioeane a
i?aaeaiiiio ?aa?ii? Oe?a?ie: aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aae?iiy». Aeena?oaoe?y ?icaeyaeaeany oa iaaiai?thaaeany ia can?aeaii?
eaoaae?e ?noi??? Oe?a?ie Iaoe?iiaeueiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo,
io?eiaea iiceoeaio ioe?ieo ? ?aeiiaiaeiaaia aei caoenoo a
Niaoe?ae?ciaai?e a/ai?e ?aae? c iie?oe/ieo iaoe.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?? ? iine?aeiai?noue aeeeaaeo iaoa??aeo
aecia/a?oueny aieiaiith iaoith oa iniiaieie caaaeaiiyie aeine?aeaeaiiy.
?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a oa nieneo
aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e c ?ic?iaethaaii? oaiaoeee. Iiaiee ianya
aeena?oaoe?? neeaaea? 189 noi??iie, nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae iae?/o?
190 iaeiaioaaiue ? caeia? 12 noi??iie.

iniiaiee ci?no AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie, aecia/athoueny ia’?eo,
i?aaeiao, aieiaia iaoa oa iniiai? caaaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aeaea?aeueia aaca c aeaii?
i?iaeaiaoeee, ?ice?eaa?oueny iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe, oi?ioeth?oueny
oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?? iniiaieo iieiaeaiue, iiaeathoueny
oi?ie ai?iaaoe?? io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Ia?oee ?icae?e aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy –
«?aeaeii-iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae oi?ioaaiiy nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ieo
iiaeyae?a A.Eeieinueeiai» – i?enay/aiee c’ynoaaiith caaaeueieo
?noi?eei-iaoiaeieia?/ieo ieoaiue, ui aecia/aee noaiiaeaiiy ? aaiaco
na?oiaeyaeieo iiaeyae?a A.Eeieinueeiai oa iaoiiaethaaee ni?yioaaiiy eiai
iaoeiaeo iiooe?a. Aeio?eioth/enue aeiia AAE Oe?a?ie aei ci?noo
aeena?oaoe??, a ?aieao ia?oiai ?icae?eo cae?enith?oueny iaeyae
e?oa?aoo?e ca oaiith aeine?aeaeaiiy, aiae?co?oueny iaoeiaa
?ic?iaeai?noue ie?aneaii? i?iaeaiaoeee oa iiaea?oueny aeeeaae
iaoiaeieia?/ii? aace ?iaioe, ia iniia? yei? c’yniao?oueny nooi?noue
aea?aeaaieoeueeeo ?aeae A.Eeieinueeiai.

Na?aae iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue, i?enay/aieo A.Eeieinueeiio, ianaiia?aae
ie aeae?ey?ii eaiaeeaeaonuee? aeena?oaoe??: Inoai/oe A.I. aiae?co?
iaoe?ioai?/? oa aea?aeaaioai?/? ieoaiiy a ?noi??inio?? A.Eeieinueeiai. A
?iaio? Ooeaeaiei ?.A. c’yniaothoueny i?iaeaie aea?aeaae oaeiae a
?noi??inionuee?e eiioeaioe?? aaoi?a “Eeno?a” e??cue i?ecio ?a?iiaenueei?
eiina?aaoeaii? aeoiee. Ia i?aoaiaeoth/e ia ae/a?iia iiyniaiiy oeeo
?ia?o, aeena?oaio eeoa eiinoaoo?, ui aiie cia/ii caaaaoeee oyaeaiiy i?i
o?einionueeee c??c oai?aoe/ii? niaaeueie ieneeoaey, ? eeoa /anoeiai
oi?eaeenue eiai iie?oe/ieo iiaeyae?a. Oiio aaoi? aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeyaea?
aea?aeaaieoeueeo oai??th A.Eeieinueeiai a iie?oieia?/iiio aei???,
aeoeaii caeo/ath/e a?aoiaioe naiiai a/aiiai, aea ia aaniethoecoth/e eiai
iiaeyae?a. Naia iaaeinoaoi? aea/aiiy iaoeiai aeiaa?oaii? eiioeaioe??
oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino? Eeieinueeiai, yea ia? ia eeoa oai?aoe/io
oe?ii?noue, a e i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeey iei?oiueiai
iaoe?iiaeueii-aea?aeaaiiai noaiiaeaiiy Oe?a?ie, coiiaeth? aea?? oaie
aeaii? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

E?oa?aoo?i? aeaea?aea c ??cieo aniaeo?a aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaiaoeee
oyaey?oueny aeioe?eueiei aeeoa?aioe?thaaoe ia ?yae oiiaieo a?oi.
Iniiaieie aeaea?aeaie, ia yeeo aaco?oueny iaoeiaee aiae?c oai?/ino?
A.Eeieinueeiai, ? i?aoe? naiiai a/aiiai, ii/eiath/e a?ae
ooiaeaiaioaeueieo iiiia?ao?e ? cae?i/oth/e ioae?oeenoe/ieie noaooyie oa
ai?noiey?iith niaaeueiith ieneeoaey, ui neeaaea? ia?oo a?oio e?oa?aoo?e.
Aei ae?oai? iiaeia a?aeianoe i?aoe? i?aaenoaaiee?a oe?a?inueei?
ae?anii?e, I.Aac?eaanueeiai, E.A?eana, ss.Iaeainueeiai, ?.Iecth?a oa
?i., ye? aena?oeththoue aeeoo?aee oeyo ? na?oiaeyaei? i???ioaoe??
A.Eeieinueeiai, ?ice?eaathoue ?noi?e/i? ia?aaeoiiae noaiiaeaiiy oa aoaie
?icaeoeo eiai iie?oe/ieo iiaeyae?a.

A ie?aio o?aoth a?oio ne?ae aeae?eeoe aenooie a/aieo ia i?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe??, ui a?aeaoeany 2 — 6 /a?aiy 1992 ?ioe? o Ee?a?,
Eooeueeo ? E?aiaioe? c iaaiaee 110-o ?ieiaei c aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy
A.Eeieinueeiai. Ca??iee i?noeoue iaoeia? ?ica?aeee ? noaoo? o?eaeoeyoe
o/aniee?a eiioa?aioe??, ye? aeine?aeeee ??ciiiai?oi? aniaeoe oe?eiai
eiiieaeno i?iaeai oai?/ino? Eeieinueeiai, eio?? ia io?eiaee iaeaaeiiai
aea/aiiy a oe?a?inuee?e iaooe?. Iniaeeai? oaaae caneoaiaothoue i?aoe?
TH.A?eue/einueeiai, ss.Aeaoeaae/a, N.?eaeue/eea, ?.Caeooeueeiai,
A.Ieoiaiea, ss.Iaeainueeiai, I.Iiiiae/a, A.Iiooeueieoeueeiai,
?.Naa?nothea, ?.N?ei?e, ss.Oaaei?oea, a yeeo a?oioiaii aiae?cothoueny
aea?aeaaioai?/? ?aea? iie?oe/ii? aeieo?eie A.Eeieinueeiai.

*aoaa?oo a?oio neeaaeathoue e?oa?aoo?i? aeaea?aea, ui aeoiaeeee ae?oeii
i?ioyaii inoaii?o ?ie?a. Iaea?eueo a?aeii? aeine?aeaeaiiy, a yeeo
A.Eeieinueeee i?aaenoaaeaiee aoae?aie/ei oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae,
aeaeaoiei a?o/eciyiei ?noi?eeii, ieneeoaeai oa iie?oe/iei ae?y/ai,
cae?enithaaee O.Aiae?onye, A.Aieyiianueeee, N.Aiiaea?oe, A.Ao?ea/oe,
N.Aaeae, ?.Aiooeye, TH.Aei?ioaiei, I.Eo/aanueeee, N.E?iaoeueeee,
A.Oaa/oe, I.Oii?aoi oa ?i.

Iaeyae aeacaieo ioae?eaoe?e cana?ae/o?, ui aaaaoueia a/aieie i?iaaaeaii
cia/io ?iaioo a aeine?aeaeaii? oai?/i? niaaeueie A.Eeieinueeiai.
A?aeaeath/e iaeaaeia iaoeia?e cia/eiino? aei?iaeo iacaaieo aeua aaoi??a,
aa?oi a?aecia/eoe, ui /eiaei oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue A.Eeieinueeiai
caeeoathoueny ia c’yniaaieie e iio?aaothoue iiaeaeueoi? ?ic?iaee.
Cie?aia, ni?iuaii oeoia/aoueny oae? nooi?ni? eaoaai??? a/aiiai, ye
«ioeie?ao?y», «aeaiie?ao?y», «eeanie?ao?y», iaaeinoaoiuei
aeine?aeaeaiith ? ?aeay aaoi?a «Eeno?a» iaaeaoe aaoueiainuee?e aeaae?
iiia?o?/ii-niaaeeiaiai oa?aeoa?o, aeiaaa? a?eueoi? oaaae
“oe?ai?ianueei-eeanie?aoe/ia” aeii?iaioa eiai aea?aeaaieoeueei? oai???.

Iaoiaeieia?/io iniiao aeena?oaoe?? neeaaeathoue caaaeueiiiaoeia?
iaoiaee, ae?iaeai? na?oiaith iie?oe/iith ? o?einionueeith aeoieith:
aiae?c ? neioac; ii??aiyiiy ? c?noaaeaiiy; ?iaeoeoe?y ? aeaaeoeoe?y;
aano?aaoaaiiy ? eiie?aoecaoe?y. Aiie aeicaieythoue c?iaeoe anaa?/io
oa?aeoa?enoeeo aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ia’?eoa, ui aeeth/a? oe?iea eiei
iie?oieia?/ieo i?iaeai, c’ynoaaoe ?o ci?no oa ooieoe?iiaeueia
i?ecia/aiiy. Cia/ii ?icoe?ththoue i?ciaaaeueii-aa?enoe/iee ?
aeine?aeieoeueeee iioaioe?ae i?e aea/aii? ie?aneaii? i?iaeaiaoeee
caeo/aiiy iiaaoe?eieo iaoiae?a, i?aeoiae?a ? i?eioeei?a, i?ia?aeia
i?noea na?aae yeeo caeiathoue aoiiiie?oieia?/iee oa
aoiiaea?aeaaieia?/iee. ?oiy iaoiaeieia?/ia nooi?noue iieyaa? o aeciaii?
i??i?eoaoiith o??? ianoaaeie, ui a iei?oi?o nioe?aeueieo ?aae?yo
aieiaieie noa’?eoaie iie?oeee ? ia eeane /e ?ia?oi? nioe?aeuei? iane, a
ethaeeia, aoi?/i? ni?eueiioe ? aea?aeaaa. A?aoiaoth/e oa, ui an?
ao?eaooe?? ethaenueei? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? iaiaei?iii ? ia’?eoeaii
iathoue aoii?noi?e/ia caaa?aeaiiy — oea canaaeie/a iaoiaeieia?/ia aaca a
aeine?aeaeaii? nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ieo oaiiiai?a aea?aeaaieoeueei? oai???
A.Eeieinueeiai.

O ca’yceo c oei, ui ?iaioa i?enay/aia aiae?co eiioeaiooaeueiiai
i?aeoiaeo A.Eeieinueeiai aei i?iaeai aoooy oe?a?inueei? iaoe?? oa
aea?aeaae ia iaae? noie?oue, eiee a?aeaoaaeeny ?aaeeeaeuei? nioe?aeuei?
o?ainoi?iaoe??, aeioe?eueiei ? aeei?enoaiiy ?noi??ieia?/iiai iaoiaeo,
yeee aeicaiey? iaea?eueo aaeaeaaoii a?aeia?aceoe ?aaiethoe?ei? ci?ie
o??? aeiae, ui nooo?ai aieeioee ia oai?/?noue aaoi?a “Eeno?a”.
Ii?aeioth/e ?noi?e/ia ? eia?/ia a /aniai-i?inoi?ia?e oyaeino?, oeae
iaoiae aea? oe?ieee aiinaieia?/ii-eiai?oeaiee ?aeo?n aeey aeineiiaeiai
aea/aiiy ia’?eoo aeine?aeaeaiiy oa aeicaiey? a?aeoai?eoe eia?/iee
eaioetha aea?aeaaioai?/eo oaiaeaioe?e o a?o/eciyi?e iie?oe/i?e ?noi???.
Cae?enithth/e ?aoaeueiee aiae?c oai?/ino? Eeieinueeiai, aaeaeiny
aeyaeoe, ui oe?a?inueea aea?aeaaa — oea iaoe?iiaeueii-?noi?e/iee
oaiiiai, iaaeiei yeiai ia? cae?enithaaoenue eiinie?aeaoe?y an?o aoi?/ieo
ni?eueiio, ui iaoeathoue ia oe?a?inuee?e oa?eoi???. I?e oeueiio a/aiee
aaeeaa? iiiyooy “iaoe?y-aea?aeaaa”, ye iaii?ooia ?aei?noue o oiio
?icoi?ii?, ui iaoe?y acaaae? iaieneeia iica aea?aeaaith. Oae?
ia?aeiiaiiy aaoi?a “Eeno?a” ? aeineoue aeecueeeie c ?aeayie I.Aaaa?a,
O.I?oaae-?-Aanaoa, E.Aeie/a oa ?ioeo a/aieo, a iaoeiaeo oai??yo yeeo
aea?aeaaa aenooia? ?aeeiei, i?e/iio eiinoeooeiaaiei ? i?aai?caoe?eii
ioi?ieaiei ae?acieeii ?aeiino? iaoe??.

E??i aeuacaaaeaiiai iaoiaeieia?/iiai a?naiaeo a aeena?oaoe?? caeo/aeeny
oaeiae: i?eioeei iaoeiaiai ieth?ae?cio; e?eoe/iee iaoiae; nenoaiiee
i?aeo?ae ? no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueiee aiae?c. Oea caaaaoeei iiaaoe?eio
iiiyo?eii-eaoaai??aeueio aaco ?iaioe ? aeicaieeei aeyaeoe oie oaeo, ui
iaoe?iiaeueia a?ae?iaeaeaiiy ia aea?aeaaieoeuee?e iniia? — ia’?eoeaia
oaiaeaioe?y iiai? aiioe, yea iaoiiaeth? aeiei??iio ci?io
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ii? ia?aaeeaie, ni?yiiaoth/e ?? aaeoi? a a?e
aeanieo eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/ieo o?aaeeoe?e.

Ioaea, any noeoii?noue iaoiaeieia?/iiai ?ino?oiaioa??th ni?yiiaaia ia
cae?eniaiiy eiioeaiooaeueiiai aiae?co aea?aeaaieoeueei? oai???
A.Eeieinueeiai c iaoith c’ynoaaiiy oa nenoaiaoecaoe?? ?? iniiaieo
iieiaeaiue, ui aecia/a?oueny ?? aaee/aciith oe?ii?noth aeey
oe?a?inueei? noni?eueii-iie?oe/ii? iaoee ? i?aeoeee aea?aeaaiiai
aoae?aieoeoaa ia no/aniiio aoai?. Oaeiae ?nio? iio?aaa iiaiai, a?eueiiai
a?ae noa’?eoea?cio i?aeoiaeo aei aea/aiiy oai?/i? niaaeueie a/aiiai.

A ?iaio? iieacaii, ui A.Eeieinueeee ia eaea ii oeyoo ia?iaeieoeueei?
?aeaieia?? I.Einoiia?iaa, A.Aioiiiae/a, I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, I.A?ooaanueeiai
c ?? aaoiiiiii-oaaea?ae?noe/iith i???ioaoe??th, a iaa?oioiao?
naiino?eieoeueeo eiioeaioe?th ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie ? oiio ca i?aaii
aaaaea?oueny oai?oeai aea?aeaaieoeueeiai iai?yieo o a?o/eciyi?e
?noi?eei-iie?oe/i?e iaooe?. Aeena?oaio a?aeiineoue aei iaoeiai? caneoae
Eeieinueeiai oa, ui a?i a nai?e oai?aoe/i?e ae?yeueiino? coi?a
aeeaeoe/ii ii?aeiaoe, iaoiaeieia?/ii aeei?enoaoe ? o?ainoi?ioaaoe ia
oe?a?inueeee a?oio iaoiaee i?ciaiiy oa i?ia?aei? ?aea? iie?oe/ii? iaoee
oiai /ano, cie?aia: nioe?aeueio oai??th A.Aeth?eaaeia, oai??th ae?o
?.I?oaeuena, A.Iinee, A.Ia?aoi, oai??? nioe?aeueiiai eiioe?eoo
E.Aoiieiae/a, A.?aooeaiaioa?a, O.Iiiaiaaeia?a, iieuenuee?
?noi?eei-iie?oe/i? ?aea? E.Ooenueeiai, A.Eaeeiee, A.ssai?nueeiai,
i?iaoeueeo iie?oe/io ?noi??th E. oii ?aiea, ?aoe?iiae?ci aeaeaoiiai
nioe?ieiaa e?ioey O?O no. I.Aaaa?a, ?aeaieia?th ?aaiethoe?eiiai
neiaeeeae?cio AE.Ni?aey.

Aeuacaaaeai? ?aeaeii-oai?aoe/i? iaaeaaiiy oiae?oiuei? iie?oe/ii? aeoiee
iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe a yeino? iaoiaeieia?/ii? i?aeieie oi?ioaaiiy
ianooaaii? eiioeaioe?? oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino? A.Eeieinueeiai. Aiia a
oe?eiio aeoaea aeecueea aei ?aea? Aaaaey i?i oa, ui ia?iae, ye ?icaeiaia
?iaeea?aeoaeueia oi?ia aeooo, naiai iaeaeuiai ??aiy aeeooy aeinyaa? eeoa
c iiyaith aea?aeaae, yea aenooia? noanoaioe?eiith iaoith aoooy aoiino.
Cae/aeii, aoei a iiieeeiai iaiaaaoeny iiynieoe no?oeoo?o na?oiaeyaeo
Eeieinueeiai /oaeeie aieeaaie. Oe? inoaii? o?eueee caaacia/eee eiio
a?aeiia?aei? a?aoiaioe, iaa/eee iaoiaeeee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Naia aeeoo?aa
iiceoe?y a/aiiai ?acii c ?? aoe/ii-ii?aeueieie aa?oinoyie oi?io?oueny ia
eiai aeanieo ?aeaeieo canaaeao.

I??i?eoaoia cia/aiiy a i?aai?caoe?? iaoe?iiaeueii-aea?aeaaiiai aoooy
noni?euenoaa A.Eeieinueeee a?aeaiaeeoue iie?oe/i?e ae?o?, c’ynoaaiith
iniiaieo canaae ooieoe?iioaaiiy yei? i?enay/aiee ae?oaee ?icae?e
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe – “I?noea ? ?ieue iie?oe/ii? ae?oe a
aea?aeaaieoeuee?e oai??? A.Eeieinueeiai”. Oeny/ie?oi?e aeina?ae
ia?aeiieeai na?ae/eoue, ui na?aae ethaenueei? ni?eueiioe caaaeaee aoee
neeuei?o?, ?icoii?o?, ni?eoi?o? iniaenoino?. Aiie iinooiiai aeae?eyeeny
? oai?eee i?aaey/o aa?noao, yeo caiaeii ii/aee iaceaaoe ae?oa (a?ae
o?aioe. neiaa eliter — aeia??i?noue). Iie?oe/i? ieneeoae? oa o?einioe c
aeaai?o-aeaaai iaee aaeeea caoe?eaaeaiiy i?iaeaiaie iaioaaiiy aea?aieo
iaioinoae. Ua a i?aoeyo Eiioooe?y, Aa?aee?oa, Nie?aoa i?noyoueny ?aea?
i?i oa, ui aeaaea iiaeiia iaeaaeaoe iaioino?, e?auei. O?ioe i?ci?oa
a?eueo aeiaa?oaio eiioeaioe?th ethaenueei? ia??aiino?, aea?aiino? e?aueo
oi?ioeth? Ieaoii o aeaeyae? ???a?o?/ii? i??ai?aee ?aeaaeueii? aea?aeaae.

Ia?oa aeeaiea iaa?oiooaaiiy a?enoie?ao?? ye noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai
oaiiiaia cae?eniea A?enoioaeue. O nai?io o?aeoao? “Iie?oeea” aioe/iee
ieneeoaeue ?icaeyaeaa a?enoie?ao?th ye i?aae?iiy aaniethoii iaee?aueo a
ii?aeueiiio a?aeiioaii? ethaeae. Iiae?aii aei A.Eeieinueeiai, a oiiaao
aea?aeaaii? ?icae??aiaiino? nai?? iaoe?? oa iaioaaiiy /oaeeioe?a,
I.Iae?aaaee? aenooiea ?c i?aoeath “Aieiaea?”, aea noi?ioethaaa aeineoue
ae?acio eiioeaioe?th iie?oe/ii? aeaaee neeueii? ?i?oe?aoeaii? iaioino?.
A ?iaio? iiaeathoueny oaeiae aeoiee ?ioeo a/aieo: O.Aiaana, O.Iiioane’?,
O.I?oeoa, ye? aeneiaeththoue ia?aeiieea? a?aoiaioe ia ei?enoue iaioaaiiy
a?enoie?aoe/ii? iaioino?.

Aeaiie?aoecaoe?eiee ?aaa?ain ii/aoeo OO no. a a?eueoino? e?a?i Caoiaeo
i?eaiaeeoue aei caeo/aiiy a iie?oeeo oe?ieeo ia?iaeieo ian, ui ia
caaaeaee i?eiineei eiino?oeoeai? iane?aeee. Oea ni?e/eiy? iiyao
ae?oa?ieo oai??e (eeane/i? c?acee: A.Iinea, A.Ia?aoi, ?.I?oaeuen),
iieeeeaieo o??aiiaaaeeoe aaae?oa?enuee? eiioeaioe??. sseui a/aiiy Ia?aoi
i?i ae?oo aoei ni?yiiaaia ia c’ynoaaiiy oiia noaa?eueiino? noni?euenoaa,
oi o Eeieinueeiai ae?oa — oea iaiao?aeia aeii?iaioa noaiiaeaiiy ?
oni?oiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? aea?aeaae. Aeoiea i?i oa, ui
eeoa aeoeaia iaio?noue, yea ia? aeaaeo ? i?e?iaei? oi?aae?inuee?
caaeaoee, iiaea aoaeoeaii i?aai?coaaoe iaoe?iiaeueii-aea?aeaaia aeeooy
aoiino, oi?io?oueny o Eeieinueeiai ye ia iniia? aeuacaaaeaieo
oaiaeaioe?e, oae ? ia i?aenoaa? aeina?aeo a?o/eciyii? ?noi???.

Aeey icia/aiiy iaee?aueo a eiie?aoiee ?noi?e/iee iiiaio a?oie ethaeae,
ye? cae?eniththoue oi?aae?inuee? ooieoe?? aeaii? iaoe?? ? noai?ththoue
iaai? eoeueoo?i?, iie?oe/i? ? oeea?e?caoe?ei? aa?oino?, Eeieinueeee
aaeeaa? aeanio oa?i?iieia?th “iaoe?iiaeueia a?enoie?ao?y”, aai
“i?ia?aeia aa?noaa”, ui ?aeaioe/ia iiiyooth “ae?oa”, yeei aeine?aeiee ia
ei?enooaaany. Iaeaieiai?oo ooieoe?th i?ia?aeii? aa?noae iie?oieia
aa/eoue a i?aai?caoe?? iaoe?iiaeueii? aea?aeaae. Aeey Eeieinueeiai
aeania aea?aeaaa — oea neiii?i aeaaee aeanii? a?enoie?ao??, aac yei?
iaoe?y caeeoeoueny iia?ee “aaeaeath/ei ia ?io?e iia? ieaiaiai”, a anyea
“naiino?eieoeoai” noa? eeoa iie?oe/iith niaeoeyoe??th.

Aeey oiai, uia i?ia?aeia aa?noaa ciiaea iaeaaeiei /eiii aeeiioaaoe naith
iaaecae/aeii oyaeeo i?aai?caoe?eio ?ieue a aea?aeaa?, Eeieinueeee
iaaoiiii iaaieioo? ia oiio, ui aiia ioneoue iaoe iaoa??aeueio neeo
a?eueoo, i?ae aoaeue-yea ?ioa a?oia a iaoe??. A ine?eueee “ia ooeee
iiaeia iia?oeny, aea ia iiaeia n?noe”, oi ae?oaei iaiao?aeiei
eiiiiiaioii ae?oe ? ?? ii?aeueiee aaoi?eoao oa caeiiia i?aenoaaa
?nioaaiiy a i/ao nai?? iaoe??.

Aiae?coth/e i?aoeth Eeieinueeiai “Oe?a?ia ia ia?aeii?”, yea i?enay/aia
e?ioeaaiio ia??iaeo ae?yeueiino? A.Oiaeueieoeueeiai, aeena?oaio
a?aei?/a? oaa?aea ia?aeiiaiiy ?? aaoi?a a oiio, ui eeoa oie ia?iae ia?
iaeaooi?, yeee caeaoiee ia’?eoeaii iiaeeaeoenue o nai? ieioea,
a?aoiaoth/e eiai o?iee. Oeaio?aeueiith oaiith oe??? iiiia?ao??
Eeieinueeiai ? noai?aiiy A.Oiaeueieoeueeei i?ia?aeii? oe?a?inueei?
aa?noae oa aoae?aieoeai ca ?? aeiiiiiaith iaoe?iiaeueii? aea?aeaae. A
aeaiiio eiioaeno? ieneeoaeue eiino?oth? a?oaoei?/iee ia?ac ea??aieoeoaa,
i?e yeiio aaeeea iie?oe/ia aiey oa iniaeea? oa?eciaoe/i? yeino?
Aaoueiaia oai?youe a?enoie?ao?th aeey i?aai?caoe?? oe?a?inueei?
aea?aeaae. Oaea noaia ii?iaeaeo? iaai? aiaeia?? i?ae iiaeyaeaie
A.Eeieinueeiai oa ?niainueeiai o?einioa Oina I?oaae-?-Aanaoa, yeee
iiae?aiei /eiii iiynith? aeieeiaiiy ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy a?enoie?ao??.

Aeena?oaio a?aei?/a? oaeiae e ?ioee iai?yi ?ic?iaee oai??? ae?oa?ecio o
a?o/eciyi?e iie?oe/i?e aeoioe? — ?aaeeeaeueii-iaoe?iiae?noe/iee, yeee
aoa ?ai?acaioiaaiee eiai aieiaiei ?aeaieiaii Ae.Aeiioeiaei. Aaaeeeaa
i?noea o nai?io i?ia?aeiiio aeine?aeaeaii? “Iaoe?iiae?ci” a/aiee
a?aeaiaeeoue iinooeaoo i?i ooai?aiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? ae?oe — “aea?aii?
?i?oe?aoeaii? iaioino?”. A?i aoa ia?aeiiaiee, ui ia ia?iaei? iane
oai?youe ?noi??th, a a?aeaaaeia, ?i?oe?aoeaia iaio?noue iia?e?co? ia?iae
aeey ai?ioueae ca aecia/ai? ?aeaaee. Ia a?aei?io a?ae a?eueo
iii??eiaaiiai i?aeoiaeo aei oi?ioaaiiy oe?a?inueei? ae?oe A.Eeieinueeei,
a?aoiaioaoe?y aeaii? i?iaeaie o Ae.Aeiioeiaa cae?enith?oueny ia iniia?
???aoe?iiaeueieo, iaa?oue i?noe/ieo /eiiee?a, na?aae yeeo: aiey aei
iaioaaiiy, aa?aneai?noue — iathoue i??i?eoaoia cia/aiiy.

Aaeeeo oaaao A.Eeieinueeiai aei ieoaiue iie?oe/ii? ae?oe Oe?a?ie iiaeia
iiynieoe ?icoi?iiyi a/aiei oiai oaeoo, ui oeyoaonueea aa?noaa
aaciiai?ioii noiaeeoue c ?noi?e/ii? a?aie, a ?acii c iath e ???a?o?y ??
oe?iiinoae. Oea niiioeaei a/aiiai a oeaio? nai?o oai?aoe/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue iinoaaeoe oe?a?inueeo oeyooo, yea caaaeaee aoea aaaeeeaei
i?aaiii noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai aeeooy. Eiee i?ia?aeia aa?noaa iaaoaea
iaiao?aeiiai ii?aeueii-iie?oe/iiai noaoono a noni?euena?, oiae? i?aaie
aeaaee ciiaeooue noaa?eueii ooieoe?iioaaoe, a aea?aeaaa aa?iii?eii
?icaeaaoenue. A oeueiio nooue iie?oe/iiai na?oiaeyaeo A.Eeieinueeiai,
caaaeaia aei iaei?ino?oi? oi?ie.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? – “Oe?ai?ianueei-eeanie?aoe/ia” aa?n?y
iaoe?iiaeueiiai aea?aeaaioai?aiiy” – eaeaoueny ia?aaeon?i i?i
eiioeaiooaeuei? i?iaeaie iaoe?iiaeueiiai oa iie?oe/iiai naiiaecia/aiiy o
oi?i? noaa?aiii? aea?aeaae, ui iaea?eueo iiaii i?aaenoaaeai? a iaeiiio c
iaeaaaeeea?oeo oai??a A.Eeieinueeiai ? an??? oe?a?inueei? iie?oe/ii?
aeoiee OO noi??//y — “Eenoao aei a?ao?a-oe?ai?ia?a”. An? iaeaaaeeea?o?
noni?euei? oaiiiaie A.Eeieinueeee noeeueiee aiae?coaaoe o ?o
ni?aa?aeiioaii? c aea?aeaaith, ui aea? i?aenoaae ?icaeyaeaoe eiai
iie?oe/io eiioeaioe?th a iaei?e nenoai? na?oiaeyaeieo eii?aeeiao c
aaaaoueia ieneeoaeyie ??cieo aiio.

Ie?anethth/e oeth e?i?th a caaaeueieo ?enao, aeena?oaio a?aecia/a?
iie?oe/i? iiaeyaee A?enoioaey, yeee ?icaeyaea? aea?aeaao ia?aeiiith a?ae
i?e?iaee ii??aiyii c n?i’?th ? eiaeiei ?c ian. Aieiaiei e?eoa???i
iie?oe/ii? ae?yeueiino? I.Iae?aaaee? aecia/aa ana oa, ui ni?ey?
ci?oeiaiith aea?aeaae, aeei?enoiaoth/e a iie?oeoe? aoaeue-ye? caniae.
I?iaoeueeei o?einioii Aaaaeai aea?aeaaa o?aeoo?oueny ye iaea?eueo iiaia
? aaeaeaaoia ia’?eoeaaoe?y naiaiaee a aea?aeaaii-i?aaiaeo oi?iao
iayaiiai aoooy. A ia aeoieo I.Aaaa?a, aea?aeaaa i?aoaiaeo? ia iiiiiie?th
eaa?oeiiiai o?ce/iiai ianeeey. I?iaeiaaeo? oeae ?yae A.Eeieinueeee, yeee
?icoi?? aea?aeaao ye ia?iaiaioio ? aaniethoio aa?o?noue, aaa/ath/e a i?e
iaeaeuo oi?io nioe?aeueii? i?aai?caoe??, ui aeanoeaa an?i ?icaeiaiei
ia?iaeai, o oiio /ene? e oe?a?inueeiio. Ca eiai eia?eith aoi?/ia
ni?eueiioa noa? iaoe??th oiae?, eiee a?iiaaenuee? ani??aoe??
aea?aeaaieoeueeeo iiooa ciaoiaeyoue i?aeo?eieo ? oio?iiy o ianaeaiiy
aooe iaoe??th.

A ?iaio? iieacaii, ui A.Eeieinueeee nooo?ai ?ic?eoiany o iiaeyaeao oa
ioe?ieao ia i?iaeaio iaoe?? ? aea?aeaae c? nai?i no/anieeii Aeieo?ii
Aeiioeiaei. sseui ia?oee ?oia “/a?ac aea?aeaao aei iaoe??”, oiaoi
nii/aoeo aoaa? aea?aeaaa, a iio?i iaoe?y, iieeaaeath/e oeae i?eioeei a
iniiao eiina?aaoeaii? ?aeaieia??, oi ae?oaee — “/a?ac iaoe?th aei
aea?aeaae”, ui ciaeoei nai? a?aeia?aaeaiiy a aeieo?ei? “?ioaa?aeueiiai
iaoe?iiae?cio”. Ae.Aeiioeia, ia a?aei?io a?ae A.Eeieinueeiai, ia caeeoea
iai /?oei? eiioeaioe?? aea?aeaaiino? Oe?a?ie. Eiai oe?eaaeee a?eueoa
?aeaieia?/i?, i?ae aea?aeaaioai?/? ieoaiiy.

?nioaaiiy aeanii? aea?aeaae, aac yei?, ca Eeieinueeei, iaia e ia iiaea
aooe oe?a?inueei? iaoe??, iio?aao? iaae?eieo ?aeaeieo oa iaoa??aeueieo
i?aenoaa. A/aiee aeeaiei ia?aeiiaiee, ui eeoa oe?ai?ianueeee eean, yeee
i?oeii i?ea’ycaiee aei caie? oa ?ai?acaioo? ?noi?e/io, eoeueoo?io e
iaoe?iiaeueio o?aaeeoe?th, ? ia? iio??ai? aeey ia’?aeiaiiy aoiino neeo e
aaoi?eoao, e?iaii caoe?eaaeaiee a ?nioaaii? iacaeaaeii? oe?a?inueei?
aea?aeaae. Oea i?ia?aeia oaca aaoi?a “Eeno?a”, yea eaaeeoue a iniia?
eiai aea?aeaaieoeueeeo iiaeyae?a.

Oie oaeo, ui oe?a?ioe? ? aa?a?ia iaoe?y, ia iio?aao? caeaeo aeieac?a.
I?i oea ienaee I.Eoe?o, I.A?ooaanueeee, Ae.Aeiioeia, TH.Eeia,
a?aecia/ath/e ye ?? ia?aaaae, oae ? iaaeie?ee. Cae?enithth/e ai?iaeiaae
a?e?a caiaeueiee ia?ia?oie, aaaeo/e in?eee niin?a aeeooy, a naeyieia
cae??iethaaeanue oa?eoi??aeueia onoaeai?noue, ui iaoeiai
aeine?aeaeo?oueny Eeieinueeei a ?aieao eiioeaioe?? oe?a?inueei?
aea?aeaaiino?. I?ae iiiyooyi oe?ai?ianueeiai eeano a/aiee ?icoi?? “a?oio
?iaeei, ye? iin?aeathoue aeanio caieth ? ia oe?e caie? aeaniith i?aoeath
i?iaeoeothoue oe?a”. Uia caiia?aoe ?oeiaoe?? oe?ai?ianueei? aa?noae,
Eeieinueeee i?iiiio? iioeiaeueio oi?io ?? i?aai?caoe?? — ia iniia?
i?eaaoii? aeaniino? ia caieth. Aiia, e??i aeiiii?/ii? aeaiaee,
a?aeiia?aea? o?enoeyinueeei oe?iiinoyi — i?ea/a? ethaeeio, ye o/eoue
O?enoeyinueea Oea?eaa, ?iaeea?aeoaeueii a?aeiia?aeaoe ca nai? ni?aae,
aea? ciiao iaeiiai?oa aeyaeoe ?i?oe?aoeao ? ? caii?oeith a?eueiiai
?icaeoeo iniaenoino?.

I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c iieaco?, ui aeooiaii-oe?ai?ianueea aeii?iaioa
oai?/ino? Eeieinueeiai ? aaaeeeaith neeaaeiaith /anoeiith eiai
eiioeaioe?? oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino?. A?ae?iaeaeaiiy eiino?oeoeaieo
aniaeo?a ieioeiai — a?ae o?aaeeoe?eii? iaioaeueiino? aei a?aeiiaeaiiy
eicaoeoaa, iiaeeeaa caaaeyee iiaooiueiio naeyinueeiio iioaioe?aeo.
Aeei?enoiaoth/e iiiyooy no/anii? iie?oieia??, iiaeia neacaoe, ui ia aac?
oe?ai?ianueei-naeyinueei? aa?noae A.Eeieinueeee i?aaioa oai?aoe/ii
iaa?oiooaaoe noaiiaeaiiy i?oeiiai na?aaeiueiai eeano, ye iaae?eii?
i?aenoaae iacaeaaeiiai ?nioaaiiy oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae. Oey ?aeay
a/aiiai caa??aa? naith aei?a/i?noue oa i?aeoe/io oe?ii?noue ? a iao?
aei?, aaeaea a?aenooi?noue caiiaeiiai na?aaeiueiai eeano ia iei?oiueiio
aoai? iaoe?iiaeueiiai aea?aeaaioai?aiiy iicaaaey? Oe?a?io aieiaii?
nioe?aeueii? aace ?? noaa?eueiiai iie?oe/iiai oa aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo.

Cae?enithth/e oeiieia?th oi?i aea?aeaaiiai ono?ith, Eeieinueeee aeae?ey?
o?e iniiai? iaoiaee: “ioeie?ao?th”, “eeanie?ao?th”, “aeaiie?ao?th”.
Iaea?eueo i?eoeeueii a/aiee noaaeany aei eeanie?ao??, ui oiniaeth?
iiceoeai? aea?aeaaioai?/? ooieoe?? oa ?ai?acaioo? ne??cue ? caaaeaee
iaoe?iiaeueio o?aaeeoe?th, oyae?noue ? i?aai?/i?noue ?icaeoeo iaoe?? oa
oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino?.

A ioeie?ao?? a/aiee noeeueiee aa/eoe i?ei?oeaiee nioe?aeueiee ono??e,
ui, o?eiath/enue ia i?eion?, iii?oii iaiaaeo? naiaiaeo a?iiaaeyi ? oiio
? iaaeiaaia?/i?i. O?ao?e niin?a i?aai?caoe?? noni?euenoaa aaoi?
“Eeno?a” iia’yco? c aeaiie?ao??th, yeo a?i i?aeaea? aino??e e?eoeoe?.
Aeey Eeieinueeiai aeaiie?ao?y — oea ia no?eueee ia?iaeii?aanoai a oi?i?
ia?eaiaioa?ecio, ne?eueee niin?a noni?eueii? i?aai?caoe??, yeee iio?aao?
a?eueoi? aeineiiaeino?. Aoaeoeai?noue aeaiie?ao?? aei??th?oueny ??
aea?aeaaioai?/ei iioaioe?aeii. “Ai a?aea ia a o?i, ui ie ia?ii
aeaiie?ao?th, — aiai?eoue aeine?aeiee, — a o?aaaae?y iaoa ? iauanoy a
o?i, ui ie ia?ii eeoa aeaiie?ao?th: ui ie ia?ii o?eueee neee iinooiia? ?
?oeioth/?, a ia ia?ii aeanieo iaoe?iiaeueieo nee caea?aeoth/eo oa
aoaeoth/eo”. Oiio, i???ioaoe?y eeoa ia aeaiie?ao?th iicaaaeaia
iie?oe/ii? ia?niaeoeae.

Ioaea, i?aaeeueiee oeyo aeey Oe?a?ie, ca?aeii c aeoieith Eeieinueeiai, ?
iaoiaea eeanie?ao??, eiee aea?aeaaa — oea “aiaiaoe?y i?aai?/ii? iaoe??”,
oiaoi aiia ?nio? aeey iaoe??, a ia iaoe?y aeey aea?aeaae. Oe?a?inueeee
aoiin a/aiee i?iiiio? ia’?aeiaoe ia a?oio? oa?eoi??aeueiiai iao??ioecio,
ui icia/a? i?iaoaeaeaiiy ii/oooy nie?aea?iino? ? ?aeiino? i?ae on?ia
a?iiaaeyiaie oe?a?inueei? caie?, iacaeaaeii a?ae ?oiueiai aoi?/iiai
iioiaeaeaiiy, eeaniai? i?eiaeaaeiino?, a??iniia?aeaiiy oa
nioe?aeueii-eoeueoo?iiai ??aiy.

*aoaa?oee ?icae?e aeena?oaoe?? ia? iacao – “Nioe?ieoeueoo?i? canaaee
aea?aeaaioai?/i? eiioeaioe?? A.Eeieinueeiai”. A iueiio ?icaeyaeathoueny
aea?aeaaieoeuee? ?aea? a/aiiai ia eeoa c iiceoe?e no?oeoo?e ?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeaaee, a e ?c iiaeyaeo aeooiaii? naiii?aai?caoe??
noni?euenoaa, ye aeya iie?oe/iiai ??aiy eiai iaoe?iiaeueii?
naiina?aeiiino?, ui o?ainoi?io?oueny ia iaai?e oa?eoi??? a
iaoe?th-aea?aeaao. I?e oeueiio A.Eeieinueeee aeoiaeea c oiai, ui
i?aai?caoe?y iie?oe/ii? aeaaee ? iiaoaeiaa aeanii? aea?aeaae iaea?eueo
aoaeoeaii cae?enith?oueny ia canaaeao eiina?aaoecio e o?aaeeoe?iiae?cio.
Neeo eiina?aaoecio, iaiao?aeio aeey i?aai?caoe?? iaoe?? ? caaithaaiiy
iie?oe/ii? aeaaee, iie?oieia iia’yco? c i?eeiaoaie /ano?, a?aeaeaiino?,
aeenoeeie?ie, ?ae?a?eiino?, ui ia?nii?o?eothoueny a
iiia?o?/ii-aaoueiaineiio i?aae?ii?.

Aaaiiei aianeii Eeieinueeiai aei a?o/eciyii? noni?eueii-iie?oe/ii?
aeoiee ? oa, ui a?i aoa ia?oei aeine?aeieeii, eio?ee ia aenieiio
iaoeiaiio ??ai? ?icaeioa oai??th iiia?o?cio. Aeey Eeieinueeiai
aaoueiainoai — oea neiaie ?aeiino? oe?a?inueei? iaoe?? ? neee aeanii?
aea?aeaae, ia?nii?o?eiaaiee a inia? ae?aee/iiai Aaoueiaia. A
aeena?oaoe?? iaaieioo?oueny ia oiio, ui iioeiaeueia oi?ia i?aae?iiy,
i?eoeeueieeii yei? aoa Eeieinueeee, — oea “caeiiii iaiaaeaia ? caeiiii
iaiaaeoth/a”, oiaoi eiinoeoooe?eia iiia?o?y.

?ici??eiaoth/e i?i cia/aiiy neee a iie?oeoe?, Eeieinueeee a?aenoithaaa
iiceoe?th, ui aeecueea c o/aiiyi aeaeaoiiai ieneeoaey aiioe
A?ae?iaeaeaiiy I?eiee Iae?aaaee?. Aiie iaeaeaa oe?eaaeeenue, aieiaiei
/eiii, ieoaiiyi, ye iaee?aua caoaeoaaoe noaa?aiio aea?aeaao ?
caaacia/eoe ?? oe?e?nia ?nioaaiiy. ? oi/a oe? aea? ?noi?e/i? iinoao?
?icae?ey? /ioe?e noie?ooy, aea ?o ia`?aeio? nai???aeia o?einio?y neee,
aac yei? neeaaeii aeai?ioe aea?aeaaio iacaeaaei?noue ? eiinie?aeoaaoe
iaoe?th. Aeey caaacia/aiiy aoaeoeaiiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy ?nioth/ee
iie?oe/iee ?aaeei, e??i iaieio/iai aeaaeiiai i?eiono, iiaeiai iaoe
aaoi?eoao a noni?euenoa?. Noaaey/e ieoaiiy i?i ii?aeueiee aaoi?eoao
aeaaee, Eeieinueeee ca/?ia? iaeia c oeaio?aeueieo iie?oe/ieo ieoaiue —
ieoaiiy i?i eaa?oeii?noue i?aaey/i? ae?oe, yea aia?oa ii?ooea Iaen
Aaaa?. Aeei?enoaiiy aeaaeith neee, i?aee?aneth? Eeieinueeee, ioneoue
iaoe caeiiio i?aenoaao ? a?aeiia?aeaoe ii?aeueiei e?eoa??yi, ui
aeii?iothoue o noni?euenoa?. ?noi?e/ii naia ?inoeoooe?y iiia?oa, ca?aeii
eia?ee aaoi?a “Eeno?a”, aeaaaea aoae?aieoeoao aea?aeaa ? iaoe?e i?eioeei
eaa?oeiiino?.

Oeaio?aeueia i?noea a aea?aeaaieoeuee?e eiioeaioe?? A.Eeieinueeiai
caeiathoue ieoaiiy iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e. ?nio? aeoiea, ui oa?i?i
“iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a” aaiaeeoue a iaoeiaee ia?a i?iaoeueeee ieneeoaeue
aeiae i?ina?oieoeoaa Eiaai-Aioo??ae Aa?aea?. A?i aoa iaeiei c ia?oeo,
ooi ienaa i?i eoeueoo?ia naiiaecia/aiiy ia?iae?a, ooi iiaa/ea iaaaoeai?
iane?aeee ?oeioaaiiy ?o eoeueoo?ieo a?aei?iiinoae. A iao /an
aia?eeainuee? iie?oieiae aaaaeathoue naaa i?iia?aie o aea/aii? i?iaeai
iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e, iineeath/enue ia aeine?aeaeaiiy Aaa??aey Aeiiiaea
? N?aeiay Aa?ae 50-o ??., ?iaioa yeeo i?ae iacaith “Eoeueoo?a
a?iiaaeyinueeino?” noaea ia Caoiae? eeane/iith.

Noiniaii oe?a?inueeiai a?oioo, oi a 1919-26 ??. A.Eeieinueeee ia
aenieiio oai?aoe/iiio ??ai? cae?eniea nenoaiaoe/iee iaoeiaee aiae?c
i?iaeai iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e. Aecia/aiiy oeueiai noni?eueiiai oaiiiaio
a/aiee i?iaiaeeoue a i?aai?/iiio aca?iica’yceo c ae?yeuei?noth
iie?oe/ieo ae?o oa iiia?o?/iith oi?iith aea?aeaaiiai i?aae?iiy a
Oe?a?i?.

Aecia/aeueiith ?enith oai?/ino? A.Eeieinueeiai ? oa, ui a i?aea?oio?
eiai na?oiaeyaeo ii?o/ c aea?aeaaieoeueeei ieneaiiyi ciaoiaeeoueny ?aeay
ian?ai?cio, aeaea?aea yei? eaaeaoue a ?ae?a?? o?enoeyinoaa oa ca’ycaiei
c iath i?noeoeeciii. Ca eiai eia?eith, aac i?noeoeecio a??e ia iiaea
aooe caeaoiino? aei aea?oa, /iai aeiaaa? anyea aaaeeeaa iie?oe/ia
aeoe?y. Aoaeo/e aeeaiei ?ae?a?eiith ethaeeiith, A.Eeieinueeee a iniiao
?icaoaeiae iaoe?? ? aea?aeaae iieeaaeaa a??o a Aiaa, a ?ae?a?th
?icaeyaeaa ye aecia/aeueiee iaoe?i-? aea?aeaaioai?/ee oaeoi?.

Ieoaiiy ?ae?a??, ui aena?oeththoueny o ooiaeaiaioaeuei?e i?aoe?
Eeieinueeiai “?ae?a?y ? oea?eaa a ?noi??? Oe?a?ie”, aeine?aeiee
noeeueiee ?icaeyaeaoe e??cue i?ecio iie?oeee. Oea icia/a?, ui a?i ia
oi?ea?oueny ?ae?a?eieo aeiai aai oiai, “yea ?ae?a?y e?aua”. A/aiee
oaeiae ia aiai?eoue i?i ni?aae aioo??oiuei? oea?eiaii? i?aai?caoe??, ye?
iathoue ae??ooaaoe i?aaenoaaieee aeooiaainoaa. Eiai oe?eaaeoue ?ae?a?y
ii a?aeiioaiith aei iie?oeee, ui ae??oo? ieoaiiy aea?aeaaii?
i?aai?caoe?? noni?eueiiai aeeooy. Caaacia/eoe aoaeoeaiee ?icaeoie
aea?aeaae, aaaea? ieneeoaeue, aac oea?eae ? aac Aiaa, a eeoa iaeiei
oa?i?ii aai iaeiith eeoa “naiaiaeith”, ca ?aooiie aenieoaoaoe??
ethaenueeeo ?inoeieo?a oa iaoa??aeueieo ?ioa?an?a — iaiiaeeeai.

A/aiee iaiaeii?aciai iaaieioo?, ui iniiaiith oiiaith cae?eniaiiy
oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino? iiaeiia noaoe ?ae?a?eia, iaoe?iiaeueia ?
iie?oe/ia ?aei?noue. Oae? i??eoaaiiy Eeieinueeiai aeathoue i?aenoaae
noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui eeoa o? aea?aeaaioai?/? iiooae, ye? ea?othoueny
aaoi?eoaoiith aeaaeith oa aeciaiith aeey an??? iaoe?? ?ae?a??th ?
oea?eaith, eiee iaoa??aeueia aeeooy a?iiaaeyi aecia/a?oueny aeooiaieie
oe?iiinoyie ? a??ith a Aiaa, iathoue iie?oe/i? ia?niaeoeae.

O caeeth/i?e /anoei? aeena?oaoe?? ?iaeyoueny ocaaaeueithth/? aeniiaee,
aea, cie?aia, iaaieioo?oueny, ui aecia/ath/e aea?aeaaio i?aai?caoe?th ye
aeii?iaioiee /eiiee noni?euenoaa, Eeieinueeee aenooia? iine?aeiaieeii
cao?aeii?a?i?a?iiaenueeeo nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ieo oai??e, iiaeaieo o
i?aoeyo E.Aoiieiae/a, A.?aooeaiaioa?a, ?.I?oaeuena, A.Ia?aoi, AE.Ni?aey
oa ?i. Iiaaoi?noai Eeieinueeiai a ?noi?e/iiio oa iie?oe/iiio iaoiae?
aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaaei a ?aaeeeaeuei?e ci?i? ?icoi?iiy aieiaiiai
i?aaeiaoa ?noi?e/iiai iieno oa iie?oieia?/iiai aiae?co. I?ia?aeieie
neeaie, ui caaacia/othoue aeeiai?/iee ?icaeoie noni?euenoaa, a?i aaaaeaa
aea?aeaao, ae?oe, a?iiaaenuee? oa a?enueeia? ?inoeoooe, a oe?ie?
ia?iaei? iane aac iie?oe/iiai i?iaiaeo ia?aoai?ththoueny, ca
oa?i?iieia??th a/aiiai, a “ioeie?aoe/io th?ao”. Iaoe?iiaeueiee
noaa?ai?oao ? iacaeaaeia aea?aeaaa aoee aeey iueiai aeaiia aieiaieie
/anoeiaie oe?a?inueeiai aea?aeaaioai?/iai i?ioeano ? iaee aaniethoio
i?aeoe/io ? ii?aeueio oe?ii?noue.

O aeniiaeao oaeiae cacia/a?oueny, ui:

– iaeia c oeaio?aeueieo i?noeue a iaa?oiooaaii? eiioeaioe?? oe?a?inueei?
aea?aeaaiino? Eeieinueeee a?aeaiaeeoue oe?ai?ianueei-eeanie?aoe/i?e
aa?noa?, yea aenooia? iniiaiith ?oo?eiith neeith iie?oe/iiai i?ioeano.
Oeth oaco a/aiee iiynith? oei, ui o?aaeeoe?eiee naeyiei-oe?ai?ia ?
iin??i iaoe?iiaeueii-aea?aeaaiiai ? eoeueoo?iiai aeina?aeo oe?a?inueeiai
aoiino ? aeey caoenoo nai?? caie? caoe?eaaeaiee e?iaii — aeeooyi, a ia
neiaaie — a iiaoaeia? iacaeaaeii? aea?aeaae. sseui a ia?eneci?
oi?aa?naeueiith nioe?aeueiith aa?noaith aenooiaa caeaa?eueoiai
?ia?oie/ee eean, oi ca?aeii ?iiaioe/ieo canaae na?oiaeyaeo Eeieinueeiai,
oaeei eeanii aoa iiaooi?e eiina?aaoeaiee oe?ai?ianueeee eean, aei yeiai
ieneeoaeue caa?oa? na?e iie?oe/iee i?iaeo c iaoith a?ae?iaeaeaiiy
oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino?;

– A.Eeieinueeee iaoeiai aeaaaeaii a?aoiaioo? iaiao?aei?noue anoaiiaeaiiy
a Oe?a?i? iniaeeaiai iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio aeaaee — eeanie?ao??, ui
oiniaethaaea iiceoeai? aea?aeaaioai?/? ooieoe??. Eeanie?aoe/iee ono??e
a?aecia/a?oueny ??aiiaaaith i?ae aeaaeith ? naiaiaeith, i?ae neeaie
eiina?aaoecio ? i?ia?ano. Aeey eeanie?ao?? oa?aeoa?ia ?aeeia a??a an?o
a?iiaaeyi a aiaeanoaaii? caeiie, ni?eueia a?iiaaenueea ii?aeue, o?oaeiaa
aeoeai?noue oa aenieee ??aaiue iaoa??aeueii? ? aeooiaii? eoeueoo?e;

– iie?oe/iei ono?i?i, yeee a?aeiia?aea? iaioaaiith eeanie?aoe/ii? ae?oe
? neoaeeoue ?aeaaeueiith oi?iith i?aai?caoe?? aea?aeaaii? aeaaee a
Oe?a?i?, ca?aeii aeeaieeo ia?aeiiaiue aaoi?a “Eeno?a”, ia? aooe
niaaeeiaa o?oaeiaa iiia?o?y ia /ie? c aaoueiaiii. Iiia?o iiaeiai
iaiaaeoaaoe aeaaeo ae?oe, aea e nai iaiaaeaiee caeiiii. A inia?
aaoueiaia Eeieinueeee aa/eoue oaeo iinoaoue, yea iaee?aua ia?nii?o?eo?
aea?aeaaiee neiaie Oe?a?ie oa caaacia/o? ?? iaoe?iiaeueio
?aeaioe/i?noue, noiy/e iiiaae eeanaie, ia?o?yie, iniaenoeie
i?eno?anoyie, ? a?aeiia?aea? ca nai? ae?? ia?aae an?i ia?iaeii;

– o a/aii? i?i ae?oo Eeieinueeee i?iaeiaaeo? iae?aaaee?anueeo
o?aaeeoe?th ?a?iiaenueei? iie?oe/ii? aeoiee, nooo?aee aianie aei yei?
c?iaeee Ia?aoi, Iinea ? I?oaeuen, aaaaeath/e, ui iaa?ae’?iiei ao?eaooii
aoaeue-yei? nioe?aeueii? nenoaie ? iayai?noue aeui?, i?ea?eaeiaaii?
aa?noae noni?euenoaa. Iaeaieiai?oo ooieoe?th i?ia?aeii? aa?noae
iie?oieia aa/eoue a i?aai?caoe?? iaoe?iiaeueii? aea?aeaae;

– iniiaiiieiaei? canaaee eiioeaioe?? oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino?
A.Eeieinueeiai, ui aeaoa?i?iothoueny ?yaeii aaaeeeaeo oaeoi??a, na?aae
yeeo: ?aeaieia?y eiina?aaoecio, o?enoeyinueea ?ae?a?y, ii/oooy
iao??ioecio — noai?ththoue iioeiaeuei? i?aenoaae aeey eiino?oeoeaii?
i?aai?caoe?? no/aniiai noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai aeeooy Oe?a?ie.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo aaoi?ii i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??

1. Oai?/ee iioaioe?ae eiina?aaoeaii? i???ioaoe?? // A?/a. — 1998. — ? 1.
— N. 30-39.

2. Eiioeaioe?y iie?oe/ii? ae?oe A.Eeieinueeiai ye oaeoi?
iaoe?iiaeueii-aea?aeaaii? ?aeaioe/iino? Oe?a?ie // Iiaa iie?oeea. —
1998. — ? 2. — N. 44-48.

3. Oe?ai?ianueei-eeanie?aoe/i? i???ioaoe?? A’y/aneaaa Eeieinueeiai o
eiioaeno? no/aniinoe // ?icaoaeiaa aea?aeaae. — 1998. — ? 7/8. — N.
117-125.

4. Oi?ioaaiiy aa?a?ii? iie?oeee Oe?a?ie a eiioaeno? aeieia?/ieo i?iaeai
// Aeiiii?ea AIE. — 1996. — ? 10-11. — N. 12-17.

Aiioaoe?y

Ai?ae??iei I.A. Nooi?noue oa iniiai? canaaee eiioeaioe?? oe?a?inueei?
aea?aeaaiino? A’y/aneaaa Eeieinueeiai. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iie?oe/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 23.00.01 — oai??y oa ?noi??y iie?oe/ii? iaoee.-
Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao. Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aeine?aeaeaiith aeooaeueieo ieoaiue
oai?aoeei-iie?oe/ii? niaaeueie A.Eeieinueeiai, ye? ?ice?eaathoue
nooi?noue oa iniiai? canaaee eiai eiioeaioe?? oe?a?inueei?
aea?aeaaiino?. A ?iaio? c’yniaaii ?aeaeii-iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae
oi?ioaaiiy nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ieo iiaeyae?a Eeieinueeiai, ?ice?eoi
i?noea ? ?ieue iie?oe/ii? ae?oe a aea?aeaaieoeuee?e oai??? a/aiiai,
aena?oeaii eiai “oe?ai?ianueei-eeanie?aoe/io” aa?n?th iaoe?iiaeueiiai
aea?aeaaioai?aiiy, a oaeiae c?iaeaii aiae?c nioe?ieoeueoo?ieo canaae
aea?aeaaioai?/i? eiioeaioe?? iie?oieiaa. A aeena?oaoe?? iieacaii ?ieue ?
cia/aiiy eiioeaioe?? oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino? Eeieinueeiai a ?noi???
a?o/eciyii? iie?oe/ii? aeoiee oa a?aeia?aaeaii ?? i?aeoe/io
aeioe?euei?noue no/aniei iaoe?iiaeueii-aea?aeaaiei ?ioa?anai Oe?a?ie.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aea?aeaaa, ae?oa, iaoe?y, eiina?aaoeci, oe?ai?ianueea
aa?noaa, iiia?o?y, a?enoie?ao?y, iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a, ?ae?a?y,
o?aaeeoe?y.

Aiiioaoeey

Ai?aeeaiei I.A. Nouiinoue e iniiaiua i?eioeeiu eiioeaioeee oe?aeineie
ainoaea?noaaiiinoe Ay/aneaaa Eeieineiai. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iieeoe/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 23.00.01 — oai?ey e enoi?ey iieeoe/aneie iaoee.
Iaoeeiiaeueiue aa?a?iue oieaa?neoao. Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth aeooaeueiuo aii?inia
oai?aoeei-iieeoe/aneiai ianeaaeey A.Eeieineiai, eioi?ua ?ane?uaatho
nouiinoue e iniiaiua i?eioeeiu aai oai?ee oe?aeineie ainoaea?noaaiiinoe.
Iniiao iaoiaeieiae/aneie aacu ?aaiou ninoaaeytho iauaiao/iua iaoiaeu,
au?aaioaiiua ie?iaie iieeoe/aneie e oeeinioneie iuneueth: aiaeec e
neioac; eiaeoeoeey e aeaaeoeoeey; aano?aae?iaaiea e eiie?aoecaoeey. Iie
iicaieytho naeaeaoue ananoi?iiithth oa?aeoa?enoeeo enneaaeoaiie oaiu,
/oi aeeth/aao oe?ieee e?oa iieeoieiae/aneeo i?iaeai, ii?aaeaeeoue eo
niaea?aeaiea e ooieoeeiiaeueiia iacia/aiea. Cia/eoaeueii ?anoe?ytho
iiciaaaoaeueii-ya?enoe/aneee e enneaaeiaaoaeueneee iioaioeeae i?e
eco/aiee aeaiiie i?iaeaiaoeee eniieueciaaiea iiaaoeeiiiuo iaoiaeia,
iiaeoiaeia e i?eioeeiia, n?aaee eioi?uo iiaeia auaeaeeoue
yoiiiieeoieiae/aneee, enoi?eieiae/aneee, i?eioeei iao/iiai ieth?aeecia,
e?eoe/aneee iaoiae enneaaeiaaiey, nenoaiiue iiaeoiae,
no?oeoo?ii-ooieoeeiiaeueiue aiaeec e ae?. Any niaieoiiinoue
iaoiaeieiae/aneiai eino?oiaioa?ey iai?aaeaia ia i?iaaaeaiea
ananoi?iiiaai aiaeeca oai?ee ainoaea?noaaiiinoe A.Eeieineiai n oeaeueth
auyniaiey e nenoaiaoecaoeee aa iniiaiuo iieiaeaiee. Iaiaoiaeeiinoue
eco/aiey yoiai aniaeoa oai?aoe/aneiai ianeaaeey o/aiiai iaoneaaeeaaaony
iio?aaiinoueth eiioeaiooaeueiuo iieiaeaiee aai oai?ee aeey oe?aeineie
nioeeaeueii-iieeoe/aneie iaoee e i?aeoeee ainoaea?noaaiiiai
no?ieoaeuenoaa a Oe?aeia ia nia?aiaiiii yoaia. Oaeaea nouanoaoao
iio?aaiinoue iiaiai, naiaiaeiiai io eaeaieiae/aneie caaiaaaee?iaaiiinoe
iiaeoiaea e eco/aieth iieeoe/aneie eiioeaioeee A.Eeieineiai.

A ?aaioa iieacaiu eaeaeii-iaoiaeieiae/aneea iniiaaiey noaiiaeaiey
nioeeaeueii-iieeoe/aneeo acaeyaeia Eeieineiai. Aeenna?oaio ioia/aao, /oi
A.Eeieineee i?eoae a oe?aeineoth iieeoe/aneoth iaoeo a oi a?aiy, eiaaea
auea aaaaiiiey ia?iaeie/aneeo eaeae I.Einoiia?iaa, A.Aioiiiae/a,
I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, I.A?ooaaneiai. Ii A.Eeieineee ia noae i?iaeieaeaoaeai
yoie eeiee, a noiae ia?aaanoe ?onei ia?iaeie/aneie eaeaieiaee n aa
aaoiiiiii-oaaea?aeenoe/aneei eo?nii a iaoeeiiaeueii-ainoaea?noaaiiia
ecia?aiea, e iiyoiio ii i?aao n/eoaaony oai?oeii ainoaea?noaaiiiai
iai?aaeaiey a ioa/anoaaiiie iieeoe/aneie iaoea.

Aeenna?oaio ioiineo e iao/iie caneoaa A.Eeieineiai oi, /oi ii a naiae
oai?aoe/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe noiae yeeaeoe/anee niaaeeieoue,
iaoiaeieiae/anee eniieueciaaoue e o?ainoi?ie?iaaoue ia oe?aeineoth ii/ao
iaoiaeu iiciaiey e iniiaiua eaeae iieeoe/aneie iaoee oiai a?aiaie, a
eiaiii: nioeeaeueioth oai?eth A.Aeth?eaaeia, oai?eth yeeo ?.Ieoaeuena,
A.Iinee, A.Ia?aooi, oai?ee nioeeaeueiiai eiioeeeoa E.Aoiieiae/a,
A.?aooeaiaioa?a, O.Iiiaiaaeia?a, ?aoeeiiaeeci I.Aaaa?a, eaeae
?aaiethoeeiiiiai neiaeeeaeecia AE.Ni?aey.

A aeenna?oaoeee ?ane?uoi ianoi e ?ieue iieeoe/aneie yeeou a oai?ee
ainoaea?noaaiiinoe A.Eeieineiai. Aeaiie?aoecaoeeiiiue ?aaa?ain ia/aea OO
aaea a aieueoeinoaa caiaaeiuo no?ai nii?iaiaeaeaaoueny i?eoiaeii a
iieeoeeo oe?ieeo ia?iaeiuo iann, /oi niinianoaoao aicieeiiaaieth
yeeoa?iuo oai?ee, eioi?ua aeieaeiu o?aaiiaaoeaaoue yaaeeoa?enoneea
eiioeaioeee. Anee oai?ey yeeou o Ia?aooi auea iai?aaeaia ia iainiiaaiea
oneiaee noaaeeueiinoe iauanoaa, oi o Eeieineiai yeeoa — yoi iaiaoiaeeiay
aeiieiaioa noaiiaeaiey e ?acaeoey iaoeeiiaeueiie ainoaea?noaaiiinoe.

Inaauay “oeaai?ianei-eeannie?aoe/aneoth” aa?neth no?ieoaeuenoaa
iaoeeiiaeueiiai ainoaea?noaa A.Eeieineiai, aeenna?oaio aeoeaii
eniieueciaae iniiaiie o?aeoao Eeieineiai e anae oe?aeineie iieeoe/aneie
iunee OO aaea — “Eenoe aei a?ao?a-oe?ai?ia?a”. Ana aaaeiua nioeeaeueiua
oaiiiaiu aaoi? “Eeno?a” neeiiai aiaeece?iaaoue a niioiioaiee n
ainoaea?noaii, /oi iicaieyao ?anniao?eaaoue aai iieeoe/aneoth
eiioeaioeeth a iaeiie nenoaia ie?iaicc?ai/aneeo eii?aeeiao n iiiaeie
iuneeoaeyie ?aciuo yiio.

I?iaiaey oaeie aiaeec, aeenna?oaio a iaueo /a?oao ?ane?uaaao
iieeoe/aneea acaeyaeu A?enoioaey, Iaeeaaaeee, Aaaaey, Aaaa?a ia
ainoaea?noai. I?iaeieaeaao yoio ?yae A.Eeieineee, eioi?ue o?aeoiaae
ainoaea?noai eae ia?iaiaioioth e aaniethoioth oeaiiinoue, aeaey a iae
aunooth oi?io nioeeaeueiie i?aaiecaoeee, /oi naienoaaiii anai ?acaeoui
ia?iaeai, a oii /enea e oe?aeineiio. Ia iniiaaiee oaeiai oacena ii
aeaeaao auaiae, /oi aac ainoaea?noaa ia iiaeao auoue iaoeee, a eeo
ia?iae a yoie/aneii cia/aiee.

A ?aaioa naeaeai aiaeec nioeeieoeueoo?iuo oaeoi?ia ainoaea?noaaiiie
eiioeaioeee A.Eeieineiai. A iai ?anniao?eaathony ainoaea?noaaiiua eaeae
iieeoieiaa ia oieueei n iiceoeee no?oe?o?u e ooieoeeiie?iaaiey aeanoe, a
e n iiceoeee aeooiaiie naiii?aaiecaoeee iauanoaa ia iniiaa eiina?aaoecia
e o?aaeeoeeiiaeecia, eae i?iyaeaiea aai iaoeeiiaeueiiai naiiniciaiey. A
aeenna?oaoeee iieacaiu ?ieue e cia/aiea ianooaaiie eiioeaioeee
oe?aeineie ainoaea?noaaiiinoe Eeieineiai a enoi?ee ioa/anoaaiiie
iieeoe/aneie iunee e ioia?aaeaia aa i?aeoe/aneay oeaeaniia?aciinoue aeey
nia?aiaiiuo iaoeeiiaeueii-ainoaea?noaaiiuo eioa?ania Oe?aeiu.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ainoaea?noai, yeeoa, iaoeey, eiina?aaoeci, oeaai?ianeee
neie, iiia?oey, a?enoie?aoey, iieeoe/aneay eoeueoo?a, ?aeeaey,
o?aaeeoeey.

The summary

Gordienko M.G. Essence and the main principals of the conception of
Ukrainion stateship by Vyacheslav Lypynskiy. — Manuscript.

The dissertation for a degree of a candidate of political sciences in
23.00.01 speciality “Theory and history of political science”. —
National Agricultural University.

Kiyv, 1999.

The thesis is dedicated to the research of the actual problems of
Lypynskiy’s theoretical-political heritage whitch reveals the essence
and the main principals of his conception of the Ukrainion stateship. In
the work ideological-metodological essentials of the formation of the
social-political views of Lypynskiy are ascertained. It is also cleared
up the role of political elite in the state theory of the politologist
and his “agricultural-classocratic” version is clarified. His
sociocultural principals of statebuilding conception are also analysed.
The role and meaning of Lypynskiy’s conception of Ukrainion stateship in
the history of home politological intention and it’s practical sense for
the modern national-state interests of Ukraine are showed in the thesis.

Key words: state, elite, nation, conservetism, agricultural class,
monarchy, aristocracy, political culture, religion, tradition.

Eeieinueeee A. Eenoe aei a?ao?a-oe?ai?ia?a i?i ?aeath ? i?aai?caoe?th
oe?a?inueeiai iiia?o?cio. — Ee?a; O?eaaeaeueo?y.: No?aeii?a?iiaenueeee
aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo ?i. A. E. Eeieinueeiai, 1995. — N. 72.

Eeieinueeee A. Iieeeeaiiy “aa?ya?a”, /e i?aai?caoe?y oe?ai?ia?a.
E?eueea oaaa c i?eaiaeo noaoo? *eeaeaiea: “Aea aeo?ae?”. — A?aeaiue,
1926. — C. 20-21.

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