3

IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO AeA?AEAAE ? I?AAA

?I. A.I. EI?AOeUeEIAI IAI OE?A?IE

OIAeAE?ANUeEEE IEOAEEI AeIEO?IAE*

OAeE 323.1 + 32.001.12/.18

NONI?EUeNOAI A EIIOAENO? EOEUeOO?E

(AOIIIIE?OIEIA?*IEE AIAE?C)

niaoe?aeuei?noue 23.00.05. — aoiiiie?oieia?y ? aoiiaea?aeaaiciaanoai

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iie?oe/ieo iaoe

EE?A 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia o a?aeae?e? ?noi?eei-iie?oieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue
aea?aeaae ? i?aaa Oe?a?ie ?inoeoooo aea?aeaae ? i?aaa ?i. A.I.
Ei?aoeueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeaaeai?e OAII,

aeieoi? o?einionueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?

?EIA?AIEI TH??e ?aaiiae/,

?inoeooo aea?aeaae ? i?aaa

?i. A.I. Ei?aoeueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie,

aieiaiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? iie?oe/ieo iaoe

OEEss? Eaii?ae ?aaeieeiiae/, Oi?aae?iiy aioo??oiuei? iie?oeee
Aaei?i?no?aoe?? I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie, aieiaiee niaoe?ae?no

eaiaeeaeao o?einionueeeo iaoe, aeioeaio

E?AN?IA ??eia Ieaen??aia, Ee?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao
aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e, aeieoi?aio

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — a?aeae?e aoiiiie?oieia?? ?inoeoooo iie?oe/ieo ?
aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «18» a?oaeiy 1998 ?ieo i 15.30 ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 50.24.01. ii caoenoo aeena?oaoe?e ia
caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a iie?oe/ieo iaoe i?e ?inoeooo?
aea?aeaae ? i?aaa ?i. A.I. Ei?aoeueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith:
252001, i. Ee?a, aoe. O?ueionayoeoaeuenueea, 4.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
aea?aeaae ? i?aaa ?i. A.I. Ei?aoeueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «17» eenoiiaaea 1998 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao iie?oe/ieo iaoe A.I. Ai?aaoaiei

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

A oiiaao ?icaith nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo, aoiiiie?oe/ieo,
na?oiaeyaeii-aeooiaieo canaae oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae, iiooeo
iioeiaeueieo iiaeaeae o?ainoi?iaoe?? ? ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueeiai
noni?euenoaa iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy iaaoaathoue iaioaeueii-ineoieia?/i?,
na?oiaeyaei?, oe?ii?nii-ii?iaoeai? oa ?io? aeooiai? ia?aaeoiiae eiai
ooieoe?iioaaiiy. Eeth/iaei ieoaiiyi, ui aeicaiey?, eiiieaenii, nenoaiii
?icaeyiooe oe? /eiieee ? i?iaeaia eoeueoo?e, ui ? aecia/a?
aeooaeuei?noue aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ca aeeeth/aiiyi oeo aniaeo?a aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ethaenueeiai i?aai?cio,
ye? iathoue /enoi a?ieia?/iee o?c?ieia?/iee oa?aeoa? ? ia i?aeaeathoueny
aa??aoeai?e ?inoeooae?caoe??, any ?ioa aaaaoiiai?oi?noue aeae?a
ethaenueei? ae?yeueiino? cae?enith?oueny, c?aooith, naia a iaaeao
eoeueoo?e. Nioe?aeueiee na?o aieeaa? ia ?iaeea?aea ia o?eueee /a?ac ae??
?aaeueii ?nioth/eo ethaeae, ye? ?iciiaeythoue, ni?eeothoueny,
iieacothoue i?eeeaae aai ia?aeiiothoue, aea e /a?ac iaaeaeei? niiniae
ae?e ? ia’?eoe, ui noai?ai? ethaeueie a na?o?, yeee ethaeeio ioi/o?.
?niothoue i?iaeeeoiaai? oi?ie nioe?aeueii? aca?iiae??: cae/a? ? noaie,
noeaia???, ?a?e, ?eooaee, eoeueoo?i? oi?ie, ?niothoue ooo/ii noai?ai?
ia`?eoe. A oea icia/a?, ui a e?ioeaaiio i?aenoieo i?e aeine?aeaeaii?
ethaenueeiai noni?euenoaa aea/aiiy ioi/oth/iai eoeueoo?iiai na?aaeiaeua
? iaa?ae`?iiith ? iaia`yceiaith /anoeiith iaoeiaiai, cie?aia,
aoiiiie?oieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oiio ?ice?eooy ?ie? ? i?noey
eoeueoo?e a no/aniiio aeeoo? oeyoii aiae?co ?? aca?iia?aeiinei c ?ioeie
noni?eueieie oaiiiaiaie ? aeineoue ie?aeiei oa ia?niaeoeaiei. A naith
/a?ao, oae? i?iaeaie ye «eoeueoo?a ? noni?euenoai», «eoeueoo?a ? aoiin»,
«eoeueoo?a ? aea?aeaaa», «eoeueoo?a ? iie?oeea» aeiaaathoue
i?ene?ieeaiai ?icaeyaeo ?o aeeaeiiiai aca?iica’yceo oa
aca?iiaeiiiaiaiiy, i?e/iio eiiieaenii, a ?aieao niaoe?aeueiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeey aeyaeaiiy nooi?nieo iciae oeeo oaiiiai?a, ui
aacoiiaii aeicaieeoue aoaeoeai?oa aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?o iiceoeai?
iaae/a?ii? iiaeeeaino?, iiee ui iaaeo?aaoaaiee iioaioe?ae.

Oea caaaeaiiy iiaeia ?ica’ycoaaoe a iaaeao ??cieo iaoe, cie?aia,
aoiieia??, eoeueoo?ieia??, nioe?ieia??, iie?oieia?? oiui, aea aeey
a?eueo iiaii? ea?oeie, anaa?/iiai aiae?co, ne?ae iaeii/anii ?icaeyiooe
caaaeueiinioe?ieia?/i?, caaaeueiiiie?oe/i?, caaaeueiieoeueoo?i?
caeiiii??iino?, iniaeea? caeiiii??iino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy aoiino. Oiaoi
eaeaoueny i?i ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iie?oeei-eoeueoo?iiai i?aeoiaeo, ia?o?
ni?iae canoinoaaiiy yeiai niinoa??aaeeny ua ca /an?a A?caio?enueei?
?iia???, eiee iien oa?aeoa??a ??cieo ia?iae?a aoa iieeaaeaiee a iniiao
iaoee i?i oi?aae?iiy ieie, i?i ui na?ae/eoue oi/a a o?aeoao Einoyioeia
Aaa?yii?iaeiiai «I?i oi?aae?iiy ?iia???th». Caa?oa? ia naaa oaaao oa, ui
o iia?oi?e ?noi??? iaoeiaa oeiea aea/aiiy oaeiai oaiiiaio ye
«iaoe?iiaeueiee oa?aeoa?» ca?iaeaeoaaeanue ia?aaeon?i c /?oei
aecia/aiith iie?oe/iith iaoith. Naia oiio aaaaeaiiy eaoaai???
“eoeueoo?e” o eiioaeno aoiiiie?oe/ieo i?ioean?a iaoiiaeaia ia?o ca ana
ona?aeiieaiiyi iaiao?aeiino? aeyaeaiiy cania?a ? iaoai?ci?a aeinyaiaiiy
iie?oe/ii? noaa?eueiino? noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai ?icaeoeo ca aeiiiiiaith
aiae?co aeeaeiieo aiioe?eieo ? nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ieo ca’yce?a i?ae
/eaiaie iie?oe/ieo (aoiiiie?oe/ieo) noni?euenoa ? oi?iaie i?aae?iiy,
aino?ith iio?aaith aeyaeoe ca’ycee, ui ni?eythoue aai caaaaeathoue
anaa?/iiio iaoe?iiaeueiiio ?icaeoeo ? aeinyaiaiith noni?eueii?,
aoiiiie?oe/ii? noaa?eueiino?.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Ia?aiee iai?yi
?iaioe u?eueii iia’ycaiee c iaoeiaeie aeine?aeaeaiiyie ?inoeoooo
aea?aeaae ? i?aaa ?i. A.I. Ei?aoeueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie, cie?aia c ieaiiaith
oaiith «Aoiiaea?aeaaiciaanoai: no?oeoo?a, i?eioeeie,
oai?aoe/ii-iaoiaeieia?/iee ?ino?oiaioa??e, ooieoe??» (1-e ea. 1996 — 4-e
ea. 1998 ??.), iaeiei c aeeiiaaoe?a yei? ? aaoi?.

Noai iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie. Aea?? oaie aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy coiiaeaiee ia a inoaiith /a?ao ? oei ui a iaoeia?e
e?oa?aoo?? eiiieaeniee ?icaeyae noni?eueii-iie?oe/ieo, aoiiiie?oe/ieo
i?iaeai /a?ac i?ecio oaiiiaio eoeueoo?e ia iaea?aeaa iiee ui
aeinoaoiueiai aena?oeaiiy. Oea, cae/aeii, ia icia/a?, ui oae? iiiyooy ye
«aoiin», iaoe?y», «eoeueoo?a», «iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a», «noni?euenoai»,
«a?iiaaeyinueea noni?euenoai» oa ?io? iie?oieia?/i?, aoiiaea?aeaaiciaa/?
oa aoiieoeueoo?iciaa/? eaoaai??? ia io?eiaee naiai aena?oeaiiy.
Eaeaoueny i?i iaaaeueio iio?aao ?o eiiieaeniiai ?icaeyaeo o na?oe? iiaeo
i?aeoiae?a aei aecia/aiiy aieeao eoeueoo?ieo oaeoi??a ia aoiiiie?oe/ia
aeeooy no/aniiai noni?euenoaa, i?i, oae ae iiaeoe, nenoaiiee ?icaeyae
i?iaeai iaoe?ioai?aiiy oa iaoe?iiaeueii-aea?aeaaiiai aoae?aieoeoaa
ia?aaeon?i o eiioaeno? eoeueoo?e.

I?iaeaie ae aeania eoeueoo?e ii/aee i?eaa?oaoe oaaao aeine?aeiee?a ua c
O?O no. A ?iaioao A. Eeaia, A. Oaeei?a ?ic?iaeyany oae caaiee
«aeane?eioeaiee», oiaoi iieniaee i?aeo?ae aei eoeueoo?e, i?e yeiio aiia
— oea nai???aeia noia eiiiiiaio?a, eiaeai c yeeo iiaea aooe
aeine?aeaeaiee aac aoaeue-yeiai ca’yceo c ?ioeie. Ii/eiath/e c OO
noie?ooy ?ioa?an aei eoeueoo?ieoeueei? i?iaeaiaoeee iaooeeueii c?inoa?.
A. Iaeeiianueeee ? A. ?aaeee?o-A?aoi a iaaeao canoiniaaiiai ieie
ooieoe?iiaeueiiai i?aeoiaeo aaa/aee a eoeueoo?? aa?iii?eio ? noaoe/io
oe?e?ni?noue, eiaeai aeaiaio yei? ia? naith noaeo ooieoe?th a no?oeoo??
iio?aa ethaeeie. Ooieoe?iiae?nonueea o?aeooaaiiy i?iaeai eoeueoo?e aoei
i?iaeiaaeaia O. Ia?niinii, ui ?ic?iaeya ?? e??cue i?ecio nai?? aeanii?
oai??? nioe?aeueii? ae??, ii?aeiaaoe ?? c oae caaiei neiaie?/iei
i?aeoiaeii. C ?ioiai aieo, oeieith O. Aiana ?ic?iaeyeanue oai??y
iiaeaeae eoeueoo?e, ui i?ci?oa aoee ocaaaeueiai? ? nenoaiaoeciaai? A.
E?aaa?ii ? E. Eeaeoiiii. I?aenoieii oeeo oai?aoe/ieo iiooe?a iaaiith
i??ith iiaeia aaaaeaoe eoeueoo?ieia?/i? ?ica?aeee E. Oaeoa.

O na?aaeiaeu? ?aaeyinueeeo aeine?aeiee?a noi?ioaaany oae caaiee
«ae?yeuei?niee» i?aeo?ae aei eoeueoo?e (?iiae? aeae?eythoue oaeiae
«oe?ii?niee», ui ? aiaeiaii cao?aeiiai aeane?eioeaiiai i?aeoiaeo).
Ae?yeuei?niee i?aeo?ae, a naith /a?ao ?iciaaea?oueny ia aeaa iniiai?
iai?yie: iaeei ?icaeyaeaa eoeueoo?o a eiioaeno? iniaeno?niiai
noaiiaeaiiy, ?ioee — ye oi?aa?naeueiee can?a noni?eueiiai aeeooy, ca
yeiai eoeueoo?a ? niiniaii ae?yeueiino?. Na?aae ?aaeyinueeeo
aeine?aeiee?a iiaeia aeae?eeoe ?iaioe A. Aaee??a, ?. Aiaiethaiaa, I.
Ao?aae/a, A. Aeaaeaeiae/a, TH. AEaeaiiaa, I. Ceia?ia, E. Ea?oiaia, E.
Eiaaia, A. Ia?ea?yia, A. Iaaeo?aa, A. Iie?ea?iiaa.

I?iaieioaia inoaii?i /anii aiioa iinoiiaea?io aeaea iiaee iiooiao
aeine?aeaeaiiyi eoeueoo?e. Iniaeeai ne?ae aeae?eeoe ?iaioe I.
Eiceianueee oa I. Eaiiaae?. Na?aae no/anieo oe?a?inueeeo aeine?aeiee?a
oa aeine?aeiee?a c aeeaeiueiai ca?oa?aeaey i?iaeaiaie eoeueoo?e aeoeaii
caeiaeeny: A. Aeaenaiae?iaa, I. Aniieia, ?. Aeoianueea, I. A?aoanthe, A.
A?aea?, I. Aaeaanueeee, I. Caaoaeei, N. Cae?i?oe, A. ??ania, E. ?ii?i,
TH. Eioiai, N. Eo?ue?, A. Iacaiie, A. Ia?aoiinueeee, A. Iiiia, A.
Neo?ao?anueeee, A. Oe???, A. Oeiea?oe. Oi/a ne?ae a?aei?oeoe iaaiee
aeao?oeeo aeeaieiai caio?aiiy a na?o iaoe?? o eiioaeno? eoeueoo?e

A?o/eciyieie iie?oieiaaie caii/aoeiaaii oe?eee ?yae iai?yie?a, ye?
aaia?othoue oai?aoe/i? oa eiioeaiooaeuei? aniaeoe aoiiiie?oieia?? oa
iie?oe/ii? aoiieia??. Oeae eiiieaen i?iaeai ?iciaey?oueny a i?aoeyo ?.
Aa?ca?y, I. A?a/a?eea, I. Ea?ooiiaa, ?. Eo?ana, I. Iaeai?iaee, I.
Ie?iiaiea, A. Ia?aoiinueeiai, TH. ?eia?aiea, E. Oeey?a oa ?ioeo. A
?iaioao cacia/aieo aaoi??a ciaoiaeeii ni?iao ia?ainieneeoe o?aaeeoe?ei?
oyaeaiiy uiaei ?ie? aoi?/iino? a iie?oeoe? oa ?noi???, ii?aeiaoe
oa?i?iieia?/iee ??aaiue aiae?co c i?aeoeeith iie?oe/iiai aeeooy.

Iie?oeei-eoeueoo?i? i?iaeaie noni?eueiiai ?icaeoeo o??th aai ?ioith
i??ith ii?ooothoueny a i?aoeyo A. Aiae?ouaiea, A. Aioiiaiea, A. Aaae?ia,
I. Aaae?ii?, ?. Aeno?eoeueeiai, I. A?eiai A. A?eiona, I. Aaeaanueeiai,
TH. A?eeiaa, I. Aeoiyea, I. Aa?aiy, N. A?aaianueeiai, ?. Aecthaea, I.
Aea?aa/iaa, A. ?aiaoiaa, A. AEie?a, I. E??naiea, A. E?aiaiy, A. Eocia,
N. Iaea?aa, Ae. Iaena, I. Ieoaeue/aiea, I. Iieeyea, I. Iai/oea, TH.
Iaoiiiaa A. Ia?aiaeeoe?, A. Iieioaea, I. Iiiiae/a, A. ?ai?eioeaaa, N.
?yaiaa, I. Naie?aa, A. Oaaa/eianueeiai, TH. Oaioo/aiea, A. sseooeea oa
?ioeo. Iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy aeey iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iathoue ?icaeoie,
a?iioace oa i?eiouaiiy uiaei noo? ? ooieoe?e eoeueoo?e
i?aeiaoe?iiaeueiiai (i?aeaoi?/iiai) ni?eeoaaiiy.

Cai?iiiiiaaia TH. ?eia?aieii iaoe?iiaeueii-aea?aeaaieoeueea ia?aaeeaia,
iniiaith yei? ? e?eoe/ia oeea?e?caoe?eia ieneaiiy, aoiieia?/i? i?eioeeie
? nenoaiiee i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaee i?aeo?ae, iia? oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i?
canaaee i?e ?icaeyae? noni?eueii-iie?oe/ieo i?ioean?a, aeicaieeea
i?iaanoe na?oiaeyaeii-iaoiaeieia?/io ia?ai???ioaoe?th aeine?aeiee?a,
?icoe?eoe oa iiaeeaeoe oea?eio aoiiiie?oieia?/ieo iiaeyae?a, ai?iaaaeeoe
aoiiaea?aeaaiciaa/? i?aeoiaee, ?ic?iaeoe iiaee aoiiiie?oieia?/iee
iiiyo?eiee ?ino?oiaioa??e, ui, a e?ioeaaiio ?aooieo, ni?aaeei aieiaiee
aieea ia oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icai?oaiiy iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. C?aooith, o
iiaa?iaii? aei aeoie?a iaoe?iiaeueieo aeaea?ae, o a?aooaaii? iaaooe?a
oe?a?inueeiai aea?aeaaioai?aiiy oa a?aeiiaeaiiy i?anoeaeo iaoe?iiaeueieo
oe?iiinoae, iaaooe?a iaoe?iiaeueii? eoeueoo?e aaa/athoueny oeyoe
icaei?iaeaiiy oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa, a?ae?iaeaeaiiy oe?a?inueei?
eoeueoo?e, oaeaeeiai iiaa?iaiiy Oe?a?ie a ?a?iiaenueeo n?i’th ia?iae?a.

Aiae?c ? neioac iiaeyae?a aeine?aeiee?a ia cacia/ai? i?iaeaie aeicaieea
aeena?oaioo cae?enieoe ni?iao noai?aiiy oe?e?nii? ? eia?/ii
aca?iiiia’ycaii? eiioeaioe?? aoiiiie?oe/iiai ?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa naia
e??cue i?ecio eoeueoo?e. Naia aiia ia iaecaaaeuei?oiio ??ai? iiaea aooe
?icaeyiooa c aeaio noi??i: c oi/ee ci?o eoeueoo?e a iniaeno?niiio ieai?,
oiaoi an?i, ui iia’ycaia c? noaiiaeaiiyi oa ?icaeoeii ethaenueei?
iniaenoino? ? eoeueoo?e a yeino? noni?eueiiai oaiiiaio, ui ? noaei
aeania i?aaeiaoii iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ia aeoieo aaoi?a aeena?oaoe??,
c oi/ee ci?o ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? eoeueoo?e ye eieaeoeaiiai noni?eueiiai
oaiiiaio ia ia?aaei?e ieai aenoaa?oueny i?iaeaia ?? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy c
noni?euenoaii, /?oeiai ?iciaaeoaaiiy eiaeiiai c oeeo oaiiiai?a. Aeaio
i?iaeaio aiaeii/an iaiiaeeeai ?ica’ycaoe, ia iinoaaeaoe ieoaiiy i?i
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy eoeueoo?e ? aoi?/iino? a noni?euenoa?, ?ieue eoeueoo?e a
noaiiaeaii? ? ooieoe?iioaaii? aoiin?a, ui ia a?eueo aenieiio ??ai?
?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa o?ainoi?io?oueny a i?iaeaio eoeueoo?ieo ia?aaeoiia
?nioaaiiy iaoe?? oa aea?aeaae, iaoe?ioai?aiiy oa
iaoe?iiaeueii-aea?aeaaiiai aoae?aieoeoaa.

Ana ia?a?aoiaaia aeua e coiiaeei iaoo ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ioaea,
iaoith aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? anaa?/iee eiiieaeniee
oai?aoe/iee aiae?c aieeao eoeueoo?e ia ooieoe?iioaaiiy noni?euenoaa a
eiai iie?oe/i?e (aoiiiie?oe/i?e) oa aoiiiaoe?iiaeuei?e noa?ao.

?aae?caoe?y iaoe aeiaaaea ae??oaiiy ianooiieo caaaeaiue:

· anaa?/ii ?icaeyiooe ?nioth/? ia nueiaiaei? eiioeaioe?? oa i?aeoiaee
aei eoeueoo?e, aeyaeoe ?? no?oeoo?o oa ci?no a no/anieo oiiaao;

· ae/eaioaaoe ia’?eoeaiee oa?aeoa? aca?iiae?? eoeueoo?e oa
aoiiiie?oe/iiai noni?euenoaa;

· ?ice?eoe cia/aiiy oa ?ieue eoeueoo?e aeey noaiiaeaiiy,
ooieoe?iioaaiiy oa ?icaeoeo aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo ni?eueiio,
iaoe?iaoae?aieoeoaa oa aea?aeaaioai?aiiy;

· i?iaiae?coaaoe oa?aeoa? aca?iiae?? eoeueoo?e ? iie?oeee
(aoiiiie?oeee);

· cai?iiiioaaoe ? ?ice?eoe ci?no iiiyooy «iie?oe/ia aeooiai?noue»;

· ?icaeyiooe iie?oe/io eoeueoo?o ye /anoeio eoeueoo?e noni?euenoaa, ??
aaaeeeaee no?oeoo?iee aeaiaio;

· cai?iiiioaaoe ? ?ice?eoe iie?oeei-eoeueoo?iee iioaioe?ae
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ? canoinoaaiiy oaiiiaio «a?iiaaeyinueei? eoeueoo?e»;

· aeine?aeeoe eoeueoo?iaaiac no/aniiai noni?euenoaa o eiioaeno?
eoeueoo?ii? iaeii??aeiino? ? iie?eoeueoo?iino?, iia’ycaaoe
eoeueoo?iaaiac c aoiiaaiacii (iaoe?iaaiacii);

· aeine?aeeoe i?ioean noaiiaeaiiy ? oi?ioaaiiy a?iiaaeyinueeiai
noni?euenoaa, ?icaeyiooe a?iiaaeyinueea noni?euenoai ye i?iaeaio
eoeueoo?e;

· cai?iiiioaaoe ? ?ice?eoe ci?no iiiyooy «eoeueoo?ioai?aiiy» o
aca?iica’yceo c iaoe?ioai?aiiyi oa aea?aeaaioai?aiiyi.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy aenooia? noni?euenoai, ui ?icaeyaea?oueny o
oe?ieiio ?icoi?ii? neiaa, ye iicai?e?iaeia, iia`ycaia c ethaenueeith
ae?yeuei?noth ?aaeuei?noue, o eiioaeno? eoeueoo?e.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aiae?c eoeueoo?ii-iie?oe/ieo
(aoiiiie?oe/ieo) ia?aaeoiia ?nioaaiiy noni?euenoaa.

Iaoiaeieia?/ia oa oai?aoe/ia iniiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoiaeieia?/iith
iniiaith aeena?oaoe?? noaee iaoeia? i?eioeeie oa aeine?aeieoeuee?
iaoiaee, ui a?oioothoueny ia aeiiaao ia’?eoeaiiai oa anaa?/iiai aiae?co
i?ioean?a oa yaeu noni?eueiiai ?icaeoeo. Aeei?enoiao?oueny nenoaiiee
aiae?c, oiaoi no/aniee i?aeo?ae aei ?ica»ycaiiiy i?iaeai aenieiai ??aiy
neeaaeiino?, caniiaaiee ia noeoiiino? e?euee?nieo oa ye?nieo iaoiae?a. A
iniia? ae naiiai nenoaiiiai aiae?co, oi/i?oa eiai aii??e/iith aacith,
ye?ac ? aenooiathoue o? /e ?io? iieacieee aoiiiaoe?iiaeueiiai aeeooy,
eoeueoo?ioai?aiiy a on?e ?o ??ciiiai?oiino?, aaaaoiaei??iino?,
neeaaeiino? e noia?a/iino?.

Ii?yae c aoi?/i?noth aeei?enoiaothoueny e oae? aei??e, ye eoeueoo?iee,
nioe?aeueiee, iie?oe/iee — oa ia?aaeon?i — aoiiiie?oe/iee. Aeei?enoai?
aeena?oaioii aeine?aeieoeuee? i?aeoiaee a?oioothoueny ia ae?aeaeoeoe?
ieioeiai, no/aniiai e iaeaooiueiai (ae?ao?iiiee c??c), a oaeiae ia
aoiieieaeueiiio, caaaeueiiiaoe?iiaeueiiio e i?aeiaoe?iiaeueiiio,
i?aeaoi?/iiio (neio?iiiee c??c) caaacia/aii? a?eueiiai ?icaeoeo an?o
oi?i eoeueoo?ioai?/ino? aoiin?a, ?o aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?.

Eiioeaiooaeueiee i?aeo?ae aaoi?a oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
i?aeaeenoeeie?ia?i?noth, oiaoi aaco?oueny ia eiiieaeniiio aeei?enoaii?
niaoeeo?/ieo iaoiae?a ??cieo iaoe oa ?ioaa?aoe?? ie?aieo ?acoeueoao?a o
?aieao ?aeeii? iaoiaeieia?? ?, ia?o ca ana, iai?aoeueiaaieo inoaii?i
/anii i?aeoiae?a a iie?oieia??, aoiiiie?oieia??, aoiieoeueoo?ieia?? oa
ia?aaeon?i — aoiiaea?aeaaiciaanoa?, ui niaoe?aeueii aea/athoue
aoiieia?/io, aoiieoeueoo?io iaoa??th.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a noai?ai? oe?e?nii? eiioeaioe??
?icaeyaeo aoiiiie?oe/ieo i?ioean?a o eiioaeno? eoeueoo?e. Oea, a naith
/a?ao, aeicaieeei aeyaeoe iniiai? eoeueoo?i? aeaoa?i?iaioe oa iaoai?cie
noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai (aoiiiie?oe/iiai) iinooio noni?euenoaa. Eoeueoo?a
ye niaoe?aeueiee i?aaeiao aiae?co /e ia aia?oa aeine?aeaeo?oueny /a?ac
ni?anoaaeaiiy c nioe?aeueiei i?inoi?ii, yeee ?icaeyaea?oueny o oe?ieiio
?icoi?ii? neiaa, ye iicai?e?iaeia, iia`ycaia c ethaenueeith
ae?yeuei?noth ?aaeuei?noue.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeeth/a? a naaa
iaoeiai-aeine?aeio, iaa/aeueio oa ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/io noa?o ?o
canoinoaaiiy. Eaeaoueny i?i iiaeeea?noue ye canoinoaaiiy ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy a iaoeiai-aeine?aei?e, iaa/aeueii-aeeeaaeaoeueeee ?iaio?,
oae ? ?o aeei?enoaiiy aeey ?aaoethaaiiy aoiiiie?oe/iiai aeeooy
noni?euenoaa, aaeineiiaeaiiy aoiiiie?oe/ieo oaoiieia?e oi?aae?iiy
i?aeaoi?/ieie a?aeiineiaie. C?iaeai? o i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeniiaee
aeathoue iiaeeea?noue ?icoe?eoe oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? ciaiiy noiniaii
iie?oei-eoeueoo?ieo i?iaeai ?nioaaiiy noni?euenoaa, ie?aneeoe
ia?aniaeoeae iiaeaeueoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oe??? ae?ae aaaeeeai?
i?iaeaiaoeee.

Ai?iaaoe?y aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?iaiaaii ia iaoeiaeo i?aeia?iaeieo oa a?o/eciyieo
eiioa?aioe?yo: ia i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
«Iaeaooi? i?aaii? nenoaie Oe?a?ie» (aa?acaiue 1996 ?.), anaoe?a?inueeee
eiioa?aioe?? «Aoiiiie?oieia?y: ieioea ? no/ani?noue» (ea?oaiue 1996 ?.),
a oiae? i?iaaaeaiiy i?aeia?iaeiiai e?oaeiai noieo «I?iaeaie
iie?eoeueoo?iino? o ieth?ae?noe/ieo noni?euenoaao» (/a?aaiue 1997 ?.),
ia anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a
aeaiie?aoe/iiai noni?euenoaa: noai ? ia?niaeoeae a Oe?a?i? (aa?acaiue
1998 ?.), i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? «?aa?iiae?ci ye ii?yaeeiaa
ieoaiiy a iie?oeoe?, aeiiii?oe?, eoeueoo??» (aeiaoaiue 1998 ?.).
I?iaeaie, ?icaeyioo? a aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii? iaaiai?thaaeenue
ia can?aeaiiyo a?aeae?eo ?noi?eei-iie?oieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue
aea?aeaae ? i?aaa Oe?a?ie ?inoeoooo aea?aeaae ? i?aaa ?i. A.I.
Ei?aoeueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Niaoeeo?ea oaie, noi?ioeueiaai? iaoa ? caaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/eee iine?aeiai?noue aeeeaaeo iaoa??aeo ? no?oeoo?o
aeena?oaoe??. Aiia i?noeoue o nia? anooi, o?e ?icae?ee (c aeae?eaiiyi a
eiaeiiio c ieo o?ueio ia?aa?ao?a), aeniiaee, nienie aeei?enoaii?
e?oa?aoo?e. Ianya aeena?oaoe?? — 167 noi??iie, ianya nieneo aeei?enoaieo
e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae (135 iaeiaioaaiue) — 17 noi??iie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie, ui ?icaeyaea?oueny,
aecia/aii eiei iniiaieo caaaeaiue, ye? aeiaaathoue naiai ?ica’ycaiiy ia
no/aniiio aoai? iaoeiaiai i?ciaiiy oa aeine?aeaeaiiy eoeueoo?e ? ??
aca?iica’yceo c noni?euenoaii, aecia/aii ?yae iieiaeaiue, ui aeiinyoueny
ia caoeno. Noi?ioeueiaaii iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, cae?eniaii aiae?c noa?e iiaeeeaiai aeei?enoaiiy
io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? «Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? i?iaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy
eoeueoo?e a aoiiiaoe?iiaeueiiio na?aaeiaeu?» aiae?cothoueny ??ci?
na?oiaeyaei? oyaeaiiy, oi/ee ci?o uiaei oaiiiaio eoeueoo?e.

Ia?oee ia?aa?ao «Oaiiiai eoeueoo?e: i?aeoiaee, aecia/aiiy, no?oeoo?a
ooieoe??» i?enay/aiee ?icaeyaeo caaaeueieo ieoaiue eoeueoo?e.
Aiae?coth/e ??ci? i?aeoiaee ? o?aeooaaiiy eoeueoo?e, ni?anoaaeyth/e ?o c
iniiaieie caaaeaiiyie aeaniiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeena?oaio i?eoiaeeoue aei
aeniiaeo, ui niaoeeo?ea aeena?oaoe?? aeiaaa? ?icaeyaeo eoeueoo?e ia
eieaeueiei, a aaia?aeueiei i?inoi?ii ethaenueei? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?,
iniaeeaei ??aiai, aai «c??cii» nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o, eiee naia
eoeueoo?a noai?th? oa iiea ? niin?a ni?eeoaaiiy, a yeiio oi?io?oueny
eiaeia ie?aia noni?euenoai c? nai?th aioo??oiueith no?oeoo?ith, ? yea
a?ae??ciy?oueny oeei a?ae ?ioeo noni?euenoa. A oea aeicaiey? aaa/aoe o
eoeueoo?? iaaecae/aeii neeaaeio ? aaaaoia?aiio nenoaio iicaa?ieia?/ii
ae?iaeaieo iaoai?ci?a ? a?aeiia?aeii «ai?iiy» ?o aeooae?coaaoe, caaaeyee
yeei noeioeth?oueny, i?ia?aio?oueny, eii?aeeio?oueny ? ?aae?co?oueny
aeoeai?noue ethaeae a noni?euenoa?. Aiia yaey? niaith niaoeeo?eo
?nioaaiiy ethaeeie a na?o? ? c iaeyaeo ia oea iiaea iaoe ia’?eoii naiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? noni?euenoai, ? iniao, ? iiae eiioi?eaoe?? i?ae ieie,
aea a on?o iacaaieo aeiaaeeao nooi?niee i?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy oie
naiee: oe?ii?nii-ii?iaoeai? ? ?aaoeyoeaii-eiioi?eaoe?ei? iaoai?cie
i?aai?caoe?? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? noni?euenoaa.

Ana aeuaaeacaia iinoaaeei aeena?oaioa ia?aae iaiao?aei?noth
ni?anoaaeaiiy eoeueoo?e ? noni?euenoaa, ui ciaeoei nai? a?aeia?aaeaiiy a
ae?oaiio ia?aa?ao? «Eoeueoo?a ye ooiaeaiaioaeueiee no?oeoo?iee c??c
noni?eueiiai aeeooy». Aaoi?, nie?ath/enue ia ?iaioe iiia?aaeiee?a oa
aeani? niinoa?aaeaiiy, ?iaeoue aeniiaie, ui eoeueoo?ia aa/aiiy ?
nioe?aeueia aa/aiiy — oea aeaa niaoeeo?/i? aniaeoe aa/aiiy iaeiiai ?
oiai ae oaiiiaio. C?aooith, o aoaeue-yeiio aii??e/iiio yaeu?
nioe?aeueiiai aeeooy iaiiaeeeai a?aeae?eeoe «nioe?aeueio /anoeio» a?ae
oae ae iiaeoe «eoeueoo?ii? /anoeie». ?ioa ni?aaa, ui ?icaeoie ? ci?ia
an?o nioe?aeueieo aei?noeeo no?oeoo? cae?eniththoueny /a?ac i?ia?aeio
?ieue eoeueoo?e. O naiiio ae noni?eueiiio ?icaeoeo eoeueoo?a ia?aeiia.
I?e ?icaeyae? noni?euenoaa ye aaaaoii??ii? nenoaiii? iiaeae? eoeueoo?a
ia iaoo aeoieo ? ia i?inoi ?? aaaiiith neeaaeiaith /anoeiith, a iaeiei c
ooiaeaiaioaeueieo no?oeoo?ieo c??c?a noni?eueiiai aeeooy, yeee aeeiio?
?yae aaaeeeaeo ooieoe?e: 1) oi?io? aeeooy ye ?aei?noue; 2) noai?th?
eieaeoeae; 3) oi?io? ?aeaioe/iino?; 4) a?aeoai?th? eieaeoeaio
?aeaioe/i?noue; 5) oi?io? ? no?oeoo?o? i?ino??, 5) aecia/a? iaae?
nioe?aeueii? nenoaie.

Ioaea, ia aeoieo aeena?oaioa, eoeueoo?a oea iaaia nenoaia ia’?eo?a ?
a?aeiinei, ye? i?eoaiaii? noni?euenoao. Eiaeiee aeaiaio eoeueoo?e ia?
naith ooieoe?th a no?oeoo?? iio?aa ethaeeie. I?e/iio ia?aeii? aeaiaioe
eoeueoo?e i?e oaeiio oeoia/aii? ?icaeyaeathoueny ia ye ?inoeoooe?? aai
niiniae caaeiaieaiiy iio?aa ethaeeie, a ye nai???aei? ia?aaeeaie, ui
caaeathoue iiaeaeue ae?yeueiino? ethaeae a iaai?e neooaoe??.
Ooieoe?iiaeuei?noue eoeueoo?ii? nenoaie cae?enith?oueny ia a noaoeoe?, a
a aeeiai?oe? ? i?iyaey?oueny a niaoeeo?oe? aca?iiae??
aioo??oiueieoeueoo?ieo a?oi. C?aooith, eoeueoo?? i?eoaiaiia naiy aeania
eia?ea aeani? caeiiii??iino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy ? ?icaeoeo, ye?
i?aaenoaaeythoue niaith nai???aeiee ea?ean, iaaeiei yeiai
e?enoae?cothoueny o? /e ?io? eoeueoo?i? aeaiaioe.

Oeae aeniiaie aeaa iiaeeea?noue ia?aeoe aei aiae?co i?noey eoeueoo?e o
i?ioean? ooieoe?iioaaiiy aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo ni?eueiio, yeiio i?enay/aii
o?ao?e ia?aa?ao «Aoiieoeueoo?ia i?e?iaea aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo ni?eueiio».
?icaeyaeath/e ?yae eaoaai??e, ui aecia/athoue nioe?ieoeueoo?i?
(aoiieoeueoo?i?) oi?ie i?aai?caoe??, aeena?oaio aeiaiaeeoue, ui aaea ca
naiei aecia/aiiyi aiie ia iicaaaeythoue eoeueoo?o aecia/aeueii? ?ie? a
?o oi?ioaaii? ? ?icaeoeo. Ia a?eueo oe?ieiio ??ai? acaaae? noa?
c?icoi?eei, ui i?/iai ?ioiai ie??i eoeueoo?e ia iiaea aooe i?aaeiaoii
aea/aiiy ia?iae?a. Aeey /eai?a aoiino oa?aeoa?ieie ? iniaeeaei /eiii
no?oeoo?iaai? oyaeaiiy i?i na?oiii?yaeie, ye?, c iaeiiai aieo aeacothoue
ia aaeaioeaio ooieoe?th, a c ?ioiai — ao?eththoue a nia? oe?ii?ni?
aeii?iaioe, ui i?eoaiaii? eoeueoo?? aoiino. Eoeueoo?a, oaeei /eiii, ca
ia?aeiiaiiyi aeena?oaioa, ? ia o?eueee iniiaiith aoiiiaoe?iiaeueiith
iciaeith, ui oi?io? iaee//y o??? /e ?ioi? aoiiiaoe?iiaeueii? ni?eueiioe.
Aiia oaeiae aeeiio? ?yae aaaeeeaeo aeania aoi?/ieo ooieoe?e:
aoiicaoenio, aoiiaeeoa?aioe?thth/o, aoii?ioaa?oth/o, aaeaiooth/o. Aiia
iaaea? ni?eueiio? no?ee?noue ? noaa?euei?noue, oi?io? aoi?/io ea?oeio
na?oo, coiiaeth?, caaaeyee iayaiino? eoeueoo?ieo iiaeaeae i?ioean
?aaeoe?? aoiiiaoe?iiaeueii? ni?eueiioe ia ciai?oi? ci?ie. C?aooith, naia
iiiyooy «iaoe?y» aai «aoi?/ia a?oia» a aaaaoueio aeiaaeeao ni?aiaaea? c
iiiyooyi iniiaiiai ni?aoiaa?enoaa, a iaaeao yeiai a?aeaoaa?oueny oeeee
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ?iaeea?aea. Iaoe?y e ? oei nioe?aeueieie i?inoi?ii, a
yeiio ?iaeea?ae naaa ?aae?co? ca aeiiiiiaith cania?a eoeueoo?e.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? «Noni?euenoai a iie?oeei-eoeueoo?iiio aei???» aaoi?
iinoaaea ca iaoo ?icaeyiooe i?iyae aca?iiae?e eoeueoo?e ? iie?oe/iiai
aeeooy noni?euenoaa.

Ia?oee ia?aa?ao «??ai? aca?iiae?? eoeueoo?e ? iie?oeee» — ?aae?co?
ni?iao ?icaeyiooe anth aaaaoiiai?oi?noue a?aeiinei i?ae eoeueoo?ith ?
iie?oeeith, ia iaiaaeoth/enue eeoa oe?iei aena?oeaiith a e?oa?aoo??
eaoaai???th «iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e». C?aooith, ia aiae?oe/iiio ??ai?
iiaeia ?iciaaeoaaoe eoeueoo?o ? iie?oeeo, aca?iia?aeiineie yeeo i?noyoue
a nia? oe?eee eiiieaen iiaeeeaeo eaoaai??e. Cie?aia, ? o?oaeiiu? o
ie?aneaii? iiiyooy «iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a» coiiaeai? aaaaoicia/i?noth
oa?i?i?a «eoeueoo?a» ? «iie?oeea» a?ae yeeo aiii ? iio?aeiei. A oea
icia/a?, iii?e ?ioa, iaeiae — i?aeaeuaiiy ?ie? eoeueoo?e a
noni?eueii-iie?oe/ieo i?ioeanao aeiaaa? ia?aaeyaeo i?aeaaeei
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy eoeueoo?e ? iie?oeee.

Eoeueoo?a, ye niin?a aeeooy, cie?aia, ?noi?e/ii coiiaeaiiai iie?oe/iiai
aeeooy ? no?oeoo?oth/ei aeaiaioii iie?oe/iiai i?inoi?o, ui, a naith
/a?ao, ? ia?aaeoiiaith iie?oe/iiai aeeooy, iaoith iie?oe/ieo i?ioean?a,
na?aaeiaeuai cae?eniaiiy ?o iae??ciiiai?oi?oeo oi?i. Eoeueoo?a aeae? ?
i?aeaaeeiith ooieoe?iioaaiiy ea?iaaiiai i?ioeano iie?oe/ii? aca?iiae??,
ui yaey? niaith aaaaoinooiaiaao, ?c oe?ieei niaeo?ii ea?oeio ?iciiae?eo
iie?oe/ieo nee, yea aeicaiey? aeyaeoe ? ie?aneeoe oe?e? inoaii?o,
noeoii?noue ca»yce?a ? a?aeiinei i?ae ieie, cai?iiiioaaoe aeo?ae c o???
aai ?ioi? e?eoe/ii? neooaoe??. C?aooith, eoeueoo?a, ? ia oeueiio aa?oi
iaaieineoe, aenooia? /e ia ?aeeiei caniaii iiaeieaiiy aeanoaa?e?caoe??,
cie?aia i?aeaoi?/ii? iai?oaeaiino?, yea aeieea? ia an?o ??aiyo a?aeiinei
o na?aaeei? iie?eoeueoo?iiai noni?euenoaa oa ni?ey? ?iceieo ianiai?
na?aeiiino? ia aaeeeo e?euee?noue eiieo?oth/eo aoi?/ieo oa
iaoe?iiaeueieo ?aeaioe/iinoae. Naia eoeueoo?a ni?ey? oiio, ui
i?aeaoi?/i? a?aeiineie ia?ano?oeoo?iaothoueny a?aeiia?aeii aei iiaeo
nioe?aeueieo oiia, i?aeneethth/e aaaii?noue eoeueoo?ii? aca?iiae??,
aaaii?noue ?aeiino? o eoeueoo?i?e aaaaoiiai?oiino?.

O ae?oaiio ia?aa?ao? «I?noea iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e a nenoai? eoeueoo?e»
aaoi? ?icaeyaea? iie?oe/io eoeueoo?o ye /anoeio caaaeueiiiaoe?iiaeueii?
eoeueoo?e c i?ei??oaoii naia eoeueoo?iiai ia/aea ia?aae iie?oe/iei,
oi/i?oa iaaieiooth/e ia oi?aa?naeueiino? eoeueoo?e. Oiio, aeoiaey/e c
eia?ee aeine?aeaeaiiy, iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a ?icaeyaea?oueny ye
niaoeeo?/iee aeya eoeueoo?e, oiaoi eaeaoueny i?i ia?ao?ae a?ae
aano?aeoii-caaaeueiiai aei eiie?aoiiai, ii?aeioth/e i?e oeueiio
oai?aoe/iee (aeine?aeaeaiiy naiiai oaiiiaio) ? iaoiaeieia?/iee
(aecia/aiiy aeanii? iiceoe?? ? iiceoe?? ?ioeo) i?aeoiaee.

O?ao?e ia?aa?ao «A?iiaaeyinueea eoeueoo?a aea?aeaaii i?aai?ciaaiiai
iaoe?iiaeueiiai noni?euenoaa» i?noeoue a nia? iaa?oiooaaiiy aenoiooiai
aeena?oaioii iiiyooy «a?iiaaeyinueea eoeueoo?a» oa ?? neeaaeiaeo. Aaoi?
iaaieioo?, ui ?icaeyiooa aeua eaoaai??y «iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a» ia
ae/a?io?, cae/aeii, an?o iiaeeeaeo eoeueoo?ieo aca?iia?aeiinei a
no/aniiio noni?euenoa?. Neaae?ii, a?aeiineie a na?aaeei?
a?iiaaeyinueeiai noni?euenoaa aaea ca naiei aecia/aiiyi (a?iiaaeyinueea
noni?euenoai ye noeoii?noue iaiie?oe/ieo a?aeiinei) ia iiaeooue aooe
ia’?eoii aeania iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e. A oaeiio aeiaaeeo aeieea? iio?aaa
aaanoe a?aeiia?aeiee noni?euenoao oa?i?i eoeueoo?e. Iioeiaeueiei
oyaey?oueny aeei?enoaiiy oa?i?io “a?iiaaeyinueea eoeueoo?a”. Aa?oi
iaaieineoe, ui ie aeeaaea?ii a oeae oa?i?i ?ioee ci?no, i?ae Aeiiiae ?
Aa?aa, ui i?ae “a?iiaaeyinueeith eoeueoo?ith” aaa/aee iie?oe/io
eoeueoo?o NOA, i?aaenoaaeyth/e ?? ?aeaaeii, ac??oeai, aoaeiiii, ia yeee
ne?ae i???iooaaoeny, ai ae iaeaea ca an?ia ia?aiao?aie i?aeoi ia?aaaaea?
?a?iiaenuee? iie?oe/i? eoeueoo?e.

Ia iaoo aeoieo, a?iiaaeyinueea eoeueoo?a ioiieth? an? noa?e aeeooy
noni?euenoaa. Aiia ? – iniaeeaei ??ciiaeaeii eoeueoo?e, ui ?ai?acaioo?
a?aeiineie, ye? a?aeia?aaeathoue, cae??ieththoue oa ?aae?cothoue aieiai?
noni?euei? oe?iiino? oa ?ioa?ane, oi?iothoue noni?euei? iiaeyaee, ciaiiy
oa oi?ie o/ano? a?iiaaeyi a noni?eueiiio aeeoo? aea?aeaae.
A?iiaaeyinueea eoeueoo?a — a?eueo oe?iea iiiyooy i?ae iie?oe/ia
eoeueoo?a, aiia ioiieth? anth ??ciiiai?oi?noue ?ioa?an?a ??cieo
nioe?aeueieo a?oi a?iiaaeyinueei? noa?e noni?eueiiai aeeooy. Ia iiaea
aooe a?iiaaeyinueei? eoeueoo?e aac iaaieino ia oi?aa?naeueiino? i?aa
ethaeeie, i??i?eoaoo ?ioa?an?a iniaenoino?, a?iiaaeyinueeeo i?aa iaae
iaoe?iiaeueieie i?aaaie ? ?ioa?anaie, oi/i?oa — aac iaaieino ia
ethaenueeo iniaeno?noue, i?eaaoio iniao, a?iiaaeyieia. Naia a?i ?
aieiaiei noa’?eoii, ae?y/ai oa ?icii?yaeieeii aea?aeaaiiai ?
noni?eueiiai aeeooy. Naia o a?iiaaeyinueeiio noni?euenoa? eiaeai
?iaeea?ae aenooia? ye ia?aeii?e, aeo?aeiee /eiiee noni?eueiiai aeeooy,
noiniaii yeiai an? ?io? /eiieee oa oe?iiino? ? aoi?eiieie, iio?aeieie,
caeaaeieie. ??aaiue a?iiaaeyinueei? eoeueoo?e aaaaoi a /iio aecia/a?
caaaeueiieoeueoo?iee ??aaiue ?icaeoeo ethaeeie, a?iiaaeyieia, aac /iai,
ca oi? ?ie?, yeo a?i a?ae?a?a? a ?icaeiaiiio a?iiaaeyinueeiio
noni?euenoa?, iaiiaeeeaa eiai ii?iaeueia ooieoe?iioaaiiy. Oiaoi
a?iiaaeyinueea eoeueoo?a aecia/a? ooiaeaiaioaeuei? oe?iiino?
a?iiaaeyinueei? na?aeiiino?, a?iiaaeyinueeiai noni?euenoaa. Aiia iiaeiia
ni?eyoe ona?aeiieaiith caaaeueii-?noi?e/ii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?
a?iiaaeyi, aeoiaaiith an?o nioe?aeueieo ? aoi?/ieo a?oi o aeon?
iao??ioecio, iino?eiiio i?aeaeuaii? cia/ouino? noaa?aiii? aea?aeaae,
?aeiino? noni?euenoaa. Aiia aea? iiaeeea?noue aeyaeoe
a?iiaaeyinuee?noue, i?aaiaiiy aei caeiiiino? ? i?aaiii?yaeeo, aei
caa?aaeaiiy oa ?icaeoeo o?aaeeoe?e.

O?ao?e ?icae?e «A?iiaaeyinuee? i?iaeaie eoeueoo?ioai?aiiy» — ?aae?co?
niaith ni?iao aeoiaeo o i?aeoe/io ieiueio eoeueoo?ii-iie?oe/ieo
a?aeiinei ? iaeii/anii iae?aneth? iaeaooi? caaaeaiiy ii icia/aiei
i?iaeaiai.

Ia?aa?ao ia?oee «Eoeueoo?iaaiac no/aniiai noni?euenoaa: a?ae eoeueoo?ii?
iaeii??aeiino? aei iie?eoeueoo?iino?» i?enay/aiee ieoaiiyi eoeueoo?ii?
aaiethoe?? iie?oe/iiai ?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa a iia?oi?e /an e??cue
i?ecio aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo a?aeiinei. Aaoi? aeiaiaeeoue, ui c oi/ee ci?o
eoeueoo?e ye no?oeoo?iiai c??co noni?eueiiai aeeooy a no/anieo oiiaao
aeiaaeueiei i?ioeanii ? ia?ao?ae a?ae eoeueoo?ii? iaeii??aeiino?, aeiiaa
yei? aoea iaeiei c iniiaieo aanae iaoe?iiae?cio aei iie?eoeueoo?iino?,
yea ca nai?th noooth oioiaeia iie?aoi?/iino?, ioeueoeeoeueoo?ae?cio.

?icaeyae eoeueoo?e a eiioaeno? ieth?ae?noe/iino?, aeciaiiy «ieth?ae?cio
?aeaioe/iinoae» aea? ciiao ?icoe?eoe iaae? iiaeeeainoae aeey
naiiae?aaeaiiy an?o aoi?/ieo ? eoeueoo?ieo a?oi, ?, oaeei /eiii, ia?aeoe
a?ae aoiia?ao?/iiai aiae?co eoeueoo?e aei aiae?co eoeueoo?ii? iie?oeee,
aoiiiaoe?iiaeueii? iie?oeee. Nooue eiioeaioe?? «ioeueoeeoeueoo?ae?cio»
iieyaa? a ?ice?eoo? eoeueoo?ii? aaaaoiiai?oiino? ye aeaea?aea ?icaeoeo ?
i?aeeoeueoo?iiai caaaa/aiiy ? yeo aaea ia iiaeia caanoe aei cae/aeii?
oa?ieiino?. Aiia noa? iie?oe/iith, a ia anoaoe/iith aai aoiia?ao?/iith
i?iaeaiith, aoiaeeoue neeaaeiaith /anoeiith a aoiiiie?oe/iee ?icaeoie.

Aiae?c aca?iiae?? eoeueoo?e ? noni?euenoaa aoa ae ia iiaiei aac
?icaeyaeo i?iaeai oi?aa?naeueiino? canoinoaaiiy iiiyoue, ui ae?iaeai?
ianaiia?aae cao?aeiith oeea?e?caoe??th ia iaoe?iiaeueiiio a?oio?
(ia?aa?ao ae?oaee «A?iiaaeyinueea noni?euenoai ye i?iaeaia eoeueoo?e»).

Aeae?ath/e oo /e ?ioo iiaeaeue ?icaeoeo ne?ae acyoe aei oaaae i?eiaeii?
o?e /eiieea: 1) eiioeaioe?th aoaeoeaiino? noni?euenoaa; 2) i?e?iaei?
oyae?iiy o?aaeeoe?eii? eoeueoo?e; 3) aaiiie?oe/i? oa ?noi?e/i? ianoaaeie
aca?iiaieeao eoeueoo?. Aea i?e oeueiio ne?ae iai’yoaoe, ui nooue ni?aae
iieyaa? ia a eoeueoo?? ye oaeee, a a niaoeeo?oe? ii?aeiaiiy eoeueoo?e ?
nioe?aeueii? i?aeoeee. Eoeueoo?o ne?ae ia o?eueee niiaeeaaoe, aea ?
ae?iaeyoe, ia no?eueee ye iaai? a?oaoaeoe, a a yeino? nioe?aeueii?
i?aai?caoe?? ? nioe?aeueii? oai?/ino?, a yeino? aeaiie?aoecaoe??
noni?euenoaa ca aeiiiiiaith eoeueoo?e. A oeueiio nain? ?icaoaeiaa
no?oeoo? a?iiaaeyinueeiai noni?euenoaa iiaeiia noaoe iaeaaaeeea?oei
eiiiiiaioii i?ioeano eoeueoo?ioai?aiiy. Nioe?ieoeueoo?iee i?aeo?ae i?e
oeueiio iaia’yceiai nie?a?oueny ia oe?iea aecia/aiiy eoeueoo?e, ui
aeeth/a? ia o?eueee ienoaoeoai, iaoeo, ina?oo oiui, aea e iaoa??aeueio
eoeueoo?o, ianiao, iianyeaeaiio eoeueoo?o, a?iiaaeyinueeo eoeueoo?o ?
iiaea aooe ae??aei o?eueee a niieo/aii? c aoiieoeueoo?iei i?aeoiaeii,
yeee aeoiaeeoue c oiai, ui eoeueoo?a ethaenoaa aai noni?euenoaa a
oe?eiio ?nio? ia ye iaaeeoa?aioe?eiaaia ?aei?noue, aea ? ye eiiieaen
aaeeei? e?eueeino? ??ciiiai?oieo eoeueoo?, eiaeia c yeeo iia’ycaia c
iaaiith iaoe??th aai aoi?/iith a?oiith. I?ia?an i?e oaeiio aa/aii? iiaea
?icaeaaoeny o?eueee /a?ac a?eueia ni?eeoaaiiy ? aca?iiee iai?i
aeaiaioaie eoeueoo?e i?e oiia?, ui iaia? caa?oiino? iaei??? eoeueoo?e
iaae ?ioith.

O?ao?e ia?aa?ao «A?iiaaeyinueea noni?euenoai ? iaoe?iiaeueia aea?aeaaa»
i?enay/aiee ?icaeyaeo ia?niaeoea ?icaeoeo a?iiaaeyinueeiai noni?euenoaa
e??cue i?ecio eiai aca?iia?aeiinei c aea?aeaaith ? iaoe??th.

O na?oe? iiaeo i?aeoiae?a iaoe?iiaeueia o ?aaeueiiio aeeoo? ?nio?
o?eueee a yeino? aca?iiae?? ? aca?iiiia’ycaiiy aoi?/iiai oa
nioe?aeueiiai. Iaaeiioe?iea aai ?aii?oaaiiy oe??? ae?aeaeoe/ii? ?aeiino?
?iaeoue aoiiiaoe?iiaeueio iie?oeeo aoaeue-yeiai noni?euenoaa
iaeiaoaeoeaiith ? aacia?niaeoeaiith. Naia a na?aaeiaeu? iaoe?iiaeueiiai
a?aeaoaa?oueny nai???aeia nioe?ae?caoe?y aoi?/iino? oa aoi?caoe?y
nioe?aeueiiai aeeth/ii aei ?o aca?iiia?aoai?aiiy. Iaoe?y iiaea
i?aeo?eioaaoe nai? ?nioaaiiy o?eueee o aeiaaeeo, eiee i?ae aea?aeaaith ?
?iaeea?aeaie ooai?th?oueny i?ioa?ie i?ii?aeieo a?oi, ui ia
ni?aiaaeathoue c aea?aeaaieie i?aaiaie ? iaeii/anii aeineoue aeecuee?
aei ?iaeea?ae?a. Aiie caeo/athoue inoaii?o ye a noa?o nai?? ae??, oae ?
a caaaeueiee iio?e anueiai nioe?aeueiiai aeeooy.

O oeueiio oain oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa. A oiiaao iani?aoethaaiiy
iaoe?iiae?noe/ieo aanae ? nain ia?ai?noeoe ?o aei nioe?aeueii?
niaoeeo?ee. Ieoaiiy nioe?aeueii? aeiiiiiae, aea?aeaaii? oo?aioe aeey
iaeicaaacia/aieo, oiui iiaeooue noaoe iiaei oaeoi?ii ?ioaa?aoe??
noni?euenoaa. A na?oiaeyaeiiio ieai? oea iiaa?iaiiy aei ?icaeyaeo iaoe??
ye aoiinioe?aeueiiai i?aai?cio, a yeiio aoi?/i?noue aecia/a?
iaoe?iiaeueii-niaoeeo?/ia a iaoe??, ?? aoi?/io ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?noue,
?aeaioeo?eiaaio naiiaecia/ai?noue a iie?aoi?/iiio noni?euenoa?. Aoiine,
ui aieiae?thoue iaaiith eoeueoo?ith, a oaeiio aeiaaeeo, aenooiathoue
niaoeeo?/iei ae?aaeaiiyi nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo, a a aea?aeaa? ii?yae c
aeiiii?/iei, iie?oe/iei, i?aaiaei iiaeia a?aeae?eeoe nioe?ieoeueoo?iee
i?ino??, ui aeeth/a? a naaa ia o?eueee i?inoi?iao i?ioyaei?noue, noa?o
ae?? iaaii? eoeueoo?e, aea e ??aaiue eiioeaio?aoe??, i?aeoe/iiai
ao?eaiiy eoeueoo?e a iiaaae?ioe? nioe?aeueieo ni?eueiinoae oa
?iaeea?ae?a. A iniia? oi?ioaaiiy oaeiai nioe?ieoeueoo?iiai i?inoi?o —
caeeaeaiiy eoeueoo?, cae/a?a ? o?aaeeoe?e ??cieo aaia?ao?/ieo
iaeeieoeue a iaaeao aea?aeaae. Aea?aeaaa, a oaeiio aeiaaeeo aoiaeeoue a
?onei caaaeueiioeea?e?caoe?eiiai ?icaeoeo oa i?aai?/ii aeeth/a?oueny a
nenoaio aeiiii?/ieo ? iie?oe/ieo ca”yce?a na?oiaiai ni?aoiaa?enoaa.

AENIIAEE

I?aeaeaath/e i?aenoiee ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy ie iiaeaii
eiinoaooaaoe, ui a oiiaao nai???aeii? aoiieoeueoo?ii? aeueoa?iaoeae,
iaiao?aeiino? aeai?o c e?eueeio iiaeeeaeo aa??aio?a ?icaeoeo
noni?euenoaa iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy iaaoaathoue eoeueoo?i? ia?aaeoiiae oa
/eiieee eiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy. ?o ?icaeyae, noai?aiiy ia iniia? ?o
aiae?co oe?e?nii? eiioeaioe?? ?icaeyaeo aoiiiie?oe/ieo i?ioean?a o
eiioaeno? eoeueoo?e aeicaieeei aeyaeoe iniiai? eoeueoo?i? aeaoa?i?iaioe
oa iaoai?cie noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai (aoiiiie?oe/iiai) iinooio
noni?euenoaa. Eoeueoo?a ye niaoe?aeueiee i?aaeiao aiae?co ?icaeyiooa
/a?ac ni?anoaaeaiiy c nioe?aeueiei i?inoi?ii, yeee ?icaeyaea?oueny o
oe?ieiio ?icoi?ii? neiaa, ye iicai?e?iaeia, iia`ycaia c ethaenueeith
ae?yeuei?noth ?aaeuei?noue, ui aeicaieeei io?eiaoe ianooii?
iaeaaaeeea?o? ?acoeueoaoe oa aeniiaee, ye? a?aeaeaathoue iniiaiee ci?no
aeena?oaoe??:

1) Aeyaeaii ? nenoaiaoeciaaii ocaaaeueithth/? oa?aeoa?enoeee iaaieo
eoeueoo?ieo aaeocae ae?yeueiino?, aeeiai?eo eoeueoo?ieo i?ioean?a,
oaiiiaie, a yeeo aeyaey?oueny eoeueoo?iee iioaioe?ae oiai aai ?ioiai
ni?aoiaa?enoaa, ?ice?eoi niene ? cia/ei?noue ieanoa eoeueoo?ieo i?aenoaa
aeey ??ciiiai?oieo oi?i i?iyao ieneaiiy ? ae?yeueiino? ethaeeie. A oea
aeicaieeei ?aaeueii ?icaeyiooe eoeueoo?o ia a yeino? o?eueee ia`?eoo
i?ciaaaeueiiai ?ioa?ano, a ye nai???aeiee ?aeaae an??? ethaenueei?
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?, ae?enii cia/eiee, ?aaoeyoeaii-ii?ioth/ee, oaeee, ui
caaea? nenoaio eiaeoaaiiy ? ?iceiaeoaaiiy, yea iaiaaeo? ? aiaeii/an
noeioeth? ?icaeoie noni?euenoaa. Eoeueoo?a i?e oaeiio i?aeoiae? aeeth/a?
a naaa iaaecae/aeii neeaaeio ? aaaaoia?aiio nenoaio iicaa?ieia?/i
ae?iaeaieo iaoai?ci?a ? a?aeiia?aeii «ai?iiy» ?o aeooae?coaaoe, caaaeyee
yeei noeioeth?oueny, i?ia?aio?oueny, eii?aeeio?oueny ? ?aae?co?oueny,
cie?aia, aoiiiie?oe/ia aeoeai?noue ethaeae a noni?euenoa?.

2) eoeueoo?a ye niin?a a?aeoai?aiiy noni?eueiiai aeeooy aeeth/a? a naaa
ia o?eueee iiceoeai?, aea e aeano?oeoeai? aeaiaioe, ye?
a?aeoai?ththoueny i?ioyaii iaaiiai ia??iaeo ? aeeiiothoue noaeo
noni?eueio ooieoe?th ? oiio eoeueoo?a — ? oe?e?ni?noth i?eoaiaiiiai
aeaiiio noni?euenoao niiniao aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?.

3) oaiiiai eoeueoo?e ioiieth? an? noa?e noni?eueiiai aeeooy, i?enooi?e a
on?o eiai i?iyaao, a oiio i?e ?icaeyae? eiai aca?iica’yceo c ?ioeie
noni?eueieie oaiiiaiaie — noni?euenoaii, aoiinii, aea?aeaaith, — ae?ae
iaiao?aeii «a?aenoi?iiaiiy» a?ae aeneieia?/iiai i?aeoiaeo, ui ?icaeyaea?
eoeueoo?o a yeino? aiaeiao «oeea?e?ciaaiino?».

4) iniiaiith eoeueoo?iith iciaeith no/aniiai noni?euenoaa ? eoeueoo?iee
ieth?ae?ci — aeya a?eueiiai ?icaeoeo ? ni?a?nioaaiiy ??cieo eoeueoo?ieo
(aoiieoeueoo?ieo) ianea?a, ?aeae, oe?iiinoae, ii?i, aoe/ieo oa
anoaoe/ieo oiiaeiaaiue, ye? a?aeia?aaeathoue aaaaoi??aiaao
aoiinioe?aeueio, aoiiiie?oe/io no?oeoo?o iaaiiai noni?euenoaa.
Eoeueoo?iee ieth?ae?ci, a naith /a?ao noa? iciaeith aeaiie?aoe/iiai,
oeea?e?ciaaiiai noni?euenoaa, a yeiio a?eueii ni?a?niothoue ae?oa?ia
eoeueoo?a, ianiaa eoeueoo?a, noaeoeueoo?e, ?aa?iiaeuei?
(aoii?aa?iiaeuei?) eoeueoo?e.

5) i?iyae aca?iiae?? eoeueoo?e ? iie?oeee iano?eueee ??ciiiai?oi?, ui
ia ioiieththoueny ?nioth/ei iiiyooyi «iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a», a oiio
aeieea? iaaaeueia iio?aaa aeeoa?aioe?thaaoe i?iyae ?o caeeaeaiiy a
iaaeao naia iie?oeei-eoeueoo?iiai (aoiiiie?oe/iiai) i?aeoiaeo.

6) aeey aaeaeaaoiiai aena?oeaiiy noni?eueieo i?ioean?a ne?ae ea?oaaoeny
a?aeiia?aeiith ?i eiioeaioe??th eoeueoo?e, yeith, ia iaoo aeoieo, iiaea
noaoe cai?iiiiiaaia aeena?oaioii eiioeaioe?y “a?iiaaeyinueei?
eoeueoo?e”, ui ii?yae c iie?oe/iith eoeueoo?ith aeeth/a? a naaa i?aaiao
eoeueoo?o, eoeueoo?o i?aeaoi?/iiai (i?aeiaoe?iiaeueiiai) ni?eeoaaiiy,
eoeueoo?o iaoe?ioai?aiiy oa aea?aeaaioai?aiiy oiui.

7) iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a, yea ? /anoeiith caaaeueii? eoeueoo?e, ui
?icaeyaea?oueny ye niin?a aeeooy ethaeeie a na?o?, ia iiaea neoaoaaoe
?aeeiei i??eeii ii?aeueiino? ? oeea?e?ciaaiino?, a oiio aeieea? iio?aaa
aaaaeaiiy niaoe?aeueiiai oa?i?io — «iie?oe/ia aeooiai?noue» — aeey
iaiiaiaiiy iie?oe/ieo i?ioean?a aeooiaii-ii?aeueiei ci?noii.

8) iiiyooy «a?iiaaeyinueeiai noni?euenoaa» ye oeiiaee oaiiiai ? i?iaeoeo
?icaeoeo cao?aeii? oeea?e?caoe??, iio?aao? naiai ei?aaoaaiiy ?
a?aeiia?aeiiai ooi/iaiiy i?e eiai canoinoaaii? a «iacao?aeieo e?a?iao»,
cie?aia e?a?iao No?aeii? ?a?iie.

9) i?iaeaie iaoe?ioai?aiiy ? aea?aeaaioai?aiiy, a no/anieo oiiaao
cia/iith i??ith aecia/athoueny i?ioeanii eoeueoo?ioai?aiiy, yea ?
a?aeia?aaeaiiyi aeoeaiiai aeeoo?aeaeiiai ia/aea a eiino?othaaii?
iaaeieeoiueiai na?oo, i?ioeaaaith eoeueoo?iiio aeaoa?i?i?cio,
aeac?ioaa?aoe?eiei i?ioeanai.

Aeciaiiy eoeueoo?ii? iaoiiaeaiino? ni?eeiyooy ae?eniino? ia icia/a?
niia?aeoaaiiy iaie eoeueoo?iiai aeaoa?i?i?cio. Aeey i?aee?aneaiiy
aeoeaiiai oai?/iai ia/aea a noni?euenoa? i?iiiio?oueny canoinoaaiiy
oa?i?io «eoeueoo?ioai?aiiy», yea icia/a?, ui eoeueoo?a, yea aaea ia ?
ni?aaith yei?nue i?eaae?eiaaii? iaioino?, ?nio? iianthaee ? aeinooiia ye
an?i i?ioa?eai, oae ? an?i ?iaeea?aeoaeueiei /eaiai noni?euenoaa, ia
iiaeiia, iaeiae, caiaeeoenue aei ianeaiiai niiaeeaaiiy eoeueoo?ieo
«aeaa». Eoeueoo?o ne?ae ia o?eueee niiaeeaaoe, aea ? ae?iaeyoe, ia
no?eueee ye iaai? a?oaoaeoe, a a yeino? nioe?aeueii? i?aai?caoe?? ?
nioe?aeueii? oai?/ino?, a yeino? aeaiie?aoecaoe?? noni?euenoaa ca
aeiiiiiaith eoeueoo?e. A oeueiio nain? eoeueoo?a nioe?aeueieo a?aeiinei,
a?iiaaeyinueea eoeueoo?a, ui aeeth/a? a naaa iie?oe/io eoeueoo?o,
eoeueoo?o i?aeaoi?/iiai ni?eeoaaiiy oiui iiaeii? noaoe iaeaaaeeea?oeie
eiiiiiaioaie eoeueoo?ioai?aiiy. Iiaoaeiaa aai iiaea?i?caoe?y
noni?euenoaa a?aeiia?aeii aei aeaiie?aoe/ieo ? caaaeueiiethaenueeeo
i?eioeei?a icia/a?, ui eoeueoo?ia iie?oeea noa? iniiaiei oaeoi?ii
aoaeue-yei? iie?oeee.

I?e/iio nioe?aeuei? ca’ycee ? a?aeiioaiiy ethaeae ia ??ai? n?i’?,
oea?eae, aea?aeaae, o/ano? a o?e /e ?io?e iie?oe/i?e ia?o??,
a?iiaaenuee?e i?aai?caoe?? nenoaiaoecothoueny a ?aeeia ?onei
naiii?aai?caoe?? ? naiiooaa?aeaeaiiy ethaenueei? iniaenoino?. I?aaa
ethaeeie iaaoaathoue iaeaeuiai noaoono na?aae ?ioeo i?aa ni?aaeeooy
ethaeae. ?nioth/e o iaaiiio iaoe?iiaeueiiio oa nioe?aeueiiio i?inoi??,
iniaa ? iaoe?y ?aae?cothoue naaa c aeiiiiiaith cania?a eoeueoo?e.
Eoeueoo?a ae neeaaeiaa iaoe?? oa iie?oeee, ?o aca?iica’ycie oa
ia?ao?auaiiy ni?eythoue ia?ainieneaiith ia?aco ethaeeie, iaoe??,
a?iiaaeyinueeiai noni?euenoaa, aecia/athoue ?aae?caoe?th ?o
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?. Ca?aene — iaaiein ia eoeueoo?i?e aca?iiae??,
oiea?aioiino?, eiinainon?, noaa?aiiino? iniae oa iaoe??, eoeueoo?? ??
noaa?ai?caoe??, aenie?e eoeueoo?? i?aeaoi?/iiai ni?eeoaaiiy, eoeueoo??
?ica’ycaiiy eiioe?eo?a.

A oeeo oiiaao iaea?eueo ia?niaeoeaiei aeyaey?oueny
oeea?e?caoe?eii-eoeueoo?iee eiiieaen, oeaio?aeueiith ?aea?th yeiai
caeeoa?oueny aoiaeaeaiiy o na?oiao oeea?e?caoe?th, iiaeieaiiy
eiio?iioaoe?? oa ?cieyoe??, ia?a?ioa?i?aoaoe?y ?ioa?an?a e?a?ie c
a?aooaaiiyi no/anieo na?oiaeo i?iaeai, yea ia?aaeaa/a? iiaa ?icoi?iiy
aca?iia?aeiinei iaoe?iiaeueieo oa caaaeueiiethaenueeeo ?ioa?an?a, ui
?icaeyaeathoueny o a?eueo oe?ieiio oe?ii?niiio, cie?aia, eoeueoo?iiio
eiioaeno?.

Iniiai? ioae?eaoe?? ii oai? aeine?aeaeaiiy

Oiaeae?anueeee I.Ae. A?iiaaeyinueea noni?euenoai ? iaoe?iiaeueia
aea?aeaaa // A?/a.- 1998.-?9.- N. 34-46.

Oiaeae?anueeee I.Ae. Eoeueoo?i? ia?aaeoiiae aea?aeaaiiai aoae?aieoeoaa
// I?aeoaeno.- 1998.- ?35-36.- N. 43-48.

Noaoo? c aoiieoeueoo?ii? oaiaoeee (aeooiaia eoeueoo?a oe?a?inueeiai
ia?iaeo, aoiiiie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a, eoeueoo?iee aei?? i?aeiaueiieo
a?aeiinei, ioeueoeeoeueoo?i? noni?euenoaa; caa. ianyaii 1,5 ae.a.) //
I?a?aoe?ei? i?ioeane a no/aniiio na?o?: na?oiaee, ?aa?iiaeueiee oa
iaoe?iiaeueiee aei??e: (Iiiyo?eiee aia?ao, eiioeaiooaeuei? i?aeoiaee,
oai??y oa i?aeoeea): Aioeeeeiiaae?y / Oii?yaeiee TH.?. ?eia?aiei; ca
?aae. TH. ?eia?aiea.- E.: Aeia??a, 1998. — 912 n.

Oiaeae?anueeee I.Ae. Noni?euenoai a eiioaeno? eoeueoo?e
(aoiiiie?oieia?/iee aiae?c). — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iie?oe/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 23.00.05 — aoiiiie?oieia?y ? aoiiaea?aeaaiciaanoai.
— ?inoeooo aea?aeaae ? i?aaa ?i. A.I. Ei?aoeueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a,
1998.

Aeena?oaoe?y yaey? niaith ni?iao anaa?/iiai eiiieaeniiai oai?aoe/iiai
aiae?co aieeao eoeueoo?e ia ooieoe?iioaaiiy noni?euenoaa a eiai
iie?oe/i?e (aoiiiie?oe/i?e) oa aoiiiaoe?iiaeuei?e noa?ao. Noai?aia
oe?e?nia eiioeaioe?? ?icaeyaeo aoiiiie?oe/ieo i?ioean?a o eiioaeno?
eoeueoo?e. Oea, a naith /a?ao, aeicaieeei aeyaeoe iniiai? eoeueoo?i?
aeaoa?i?iaioe oa iaoai?cie noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai (aoiiiie?oe/iiai)
iinooio noni?euenoaa. Eoeueoo?a ye niaoe?aeueiee i?aaeiao aiae?co /e ia
aia?oa aeine?aeo?oueny /a?ac ni?anoaaeaiiy c nioe?aeueiei i?inoi?ii,
yeee ?icaeyaea?oueny o oe?ieiio ?icoi?ii? neiaa, ye iicai?e?iaeia,
iia`ycaia c ethaenueeith ae?yeuei?noth ?aaeuei?noue. C?iaeai? o i?ioean?
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeniiaee aeathoue iiaeeea?noue ?icoe?eoe
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? ciaiiy noiniaii iie?oei-eoeueoo?ieo i?iaeai
?nioaaiiy noni?euenoaa, ie?aneeoe ia?aniaeoeae iiaeaeueoiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy oe??? ae?ae aaaeeeai? i?iaeaiaoeee.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: eoeueoo?a, iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a, a?iiaaeyinueea
eoeueoo?a, eoeueoo?ioai?aiiy, aoiin, iaoe?y, aea?aeaaa, a?iiaaeyinueea
noni?euenoai, iie?oe/ia aeooiai?noue.

Oiaeaeianeee I.Ae. Iauanoai eiioaenoa eoeueoo?u (yoiiiieeoieiae/aneee
aiaeec). — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iieeoe/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 23.00.05 — yoiiiieeoieiaey e
yoiiainoaea?noaiaaaeaiea. — Einoeooo ainoaea?noaa e i?aaa ei. A.I.
Ei?aoeeiai IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey i?aaenoaaeyao niaie iiiuoeo ananoi?iiiaai eiiieaeniiai
oai?aoe/aneiai aiaeeca aeyeyiey eoeueoo?u ia ooieoeeiie?iaaiea iauanoaa
a aai iieeoe/aneie (yoiiiieeoe/aneie) e yoiiiaoeeiiaeueiie noa?ao.
Nicaeaia oeaeiniay eiioeaioeey ?anniio?aiey yoiiiieeoe/aneeo i?ioeannia
a eiioaenoa eoeueoo?u. Yoi, a naith i/a?aaeue aeaei aiciiaeiinoue
auyaeoue iniiaiua eoeueoo?iua aeaoa?ieiaiou e iaoaieciu
iauanoaaiii-iieeoe/aneiai (yoiiiieeoe/aneiai) ?acaeoey iauanoaa.
Eoeueoo?a eae niaoeeaeueiue i?aaeiao aiaeeca enneaaeoaony /a?ac
niniinoaaeaiea n nioeeaeueiui i?ino?ainoaii, eioi?ia ?anniao?eaaaony a
oe?ieii iiieiaiee neiaa, eae aiai?e?iaeiay, naycaiiay n /aeiaa/aneie
aeayoaeueiinoueth ?aaeueiinoue. Naeaeaiiua a i?ioeanna enneaaeiaaiey
auaiaeu aeatho aiciiaeiinoue ?anoe?eoue oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieiae/aneea
ciaiey i iieeoeei-eoeueoo?iuo i?iaeaiao nouanoaiaaiey iauanoaa,
i/a?oeoue ia?niaeoeau aeaeueiaeoaai ?anniio?aiey yoie aaaeiie
i?iaeaiaoeee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eoeueoo?a, iieeoe/aneay eoeueoo?a, a?aaeaeaineay
eoeueoo?a, eoeueoo?iia no?ieoaeuenoai, yoiin, iaoeey, ainoaea?noai,
a?aaeaeaineia iauanoai, iieeoe/aneay aeooiaiinoue.

Michaylo D. Khodakivskiy. Society in the Contex of Culture (ethnical
politoiogy analysis). — Ianuscript.

Dissertation is for getting a scientific degree of the candidate of
political sciences on the speciality 23.00.05 — ethnical politology and
ethnical state studies). — Koretsky Institute of State and Law of
National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1998.

Dissertation is an attempt of complex comprehensive theoretical analysis
of the culture influence on functioning of the society in its political
(ethnical-and-political) and ethnical-and-national spheres. An intrnal
conception of studying ethnical and political processes in the context
of culture is created. This in its turn allows to find ont the general
culture determinants and mechanisms of common political
(ethnical-and-political) development of the society. Culture as a
special subject for analysis perhaps for the first time is being studied
through the corelation with the social field which is viewed in a wide
meaning as reality connected with human activites. The conclusions
having been made in the process of study gives the possibility to widen
theoretical methodological knowledge of political and cultural problems
of society existence and to delineate the perspectives of further
investigation of these highly important problems.

Key Words: culture, political culture, civil culture, culture creation,
ethnos, nation, state, civil society, political spirituality.

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