?INOEOOO OE?A?IICIAANOAA ?i. ?.E?EI`ssEAAE*A IAI OE?A?IE

EI?IAEEI Aeea Ieaenaiae??aia

OAeE 947.087 (477.8)

NONI?EUeII-IIE?OE*IEE ?ICAEOIE OE?A?IE A 1953-1964 ??.(ia iaoa??aeao
cao?aeieo iaeanoae)

07.00.01. — ?noi??y Oe?a?ie

AAOI?AOA?AO aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
?noi?e/ieo iaoe

EUeA?A — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? ?noi??? neia`yinueeeo ia?iae?a Aieeinueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. Ean? Oe?a?iee.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — AA?AI Aieiaeeie? E?iae?aoiae/, aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo
iaoe, i?i?aeoi? c aoiai?oa?ieo ieoaiue Aieeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. Ean? Oe?a?iee, caa. eaoaae?e ?noi??? neia`yinueeeo
ia?iae?a.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — AANTHOA Na?a?e ?aaiiae/, aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani? eaoaae?e oe?a?iiciaanoaa Oa?iii?euenueei? aeaaeai??
ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa

EOOeUeEEE Ieaenaiae? ?aaiiae/, eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, noa?oee
iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee a?aeae?eo iia?oiuei? ?noi??? ?inoeoooo
oe?a?iiciaanoaa ?i. ?. E?ei`yeaae/a IAI Oe?a?ie.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — ?inoeooo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 9 aa?aciy 1999 ?ieo i 17.00 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.35.222.01 a ?inoeooo? oe?a?iiciaanoaa
?i. ?.E?ei`yeaae/a IAI Oe?a?ie (290026, i. Euea?a, aoe. Eicaeueieoeueea,
4).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
oe?a?iiciaanoaa ?i. ?. E?ei`yeaae/a IAI Oe?a?ie (290026, i. Euea?a, aoe.
Eicaeueieoeueea, 4).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii 8 ethoiai 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee O.?.Noaae?e

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iaoeiaa a?aeoai?aiiy ?noi??? oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo
? aaaeeeaith ia?aaeoiiaith eiai iiaiioe?iiiai iaoe?iiaeueii-aeooiaiiai
aeeooy. Ia`?eoeaiee aiae?c ?noi?e/iiai aeina?aeo ni?ey? ae??oaiith
no/anieo i?iaeai, aecia/aiith aeii?ioth/eo noni?eueieo i???ioe??a
iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo aea?aeaae.

Iniaeeaee iaoeiaee ?ioa?an aeeeeea? ieioea cao?aeiioe?a?inueeiai
?aa?iio. ?noi?e/iee ?icaeoie e?ath, cie?aia o ?aaeyinueeee ia??iae,
ae??ciy?oueny ia caaaeueiioe?a?inueeiio oe? iayai?noth ?yaeo
niaoeeo?/ieo iniaeeainoae, ui noaaeoue ia?aae a?o/eciyiith ?noi?e/iith
iaoeith caaaeaiiy eiai eiiieaeniiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?iiiiiaaia ?iaioa ?
ni?iaith aiae?co noni?eueii-iie?oe/ieo i?ioean?a o Cao?aei?e Oe?a?i? a
1953-1964 ??., i?ae /an oae caaii? „o?ouianueei? a?aeeeae», ye? ua ia
ciaeoee aeeaieiai aena?oeaiiy a ?noi?e/i?e e?oa?aoo??.

Ca`ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia oaia
„Noni?eueii-iie?oe/iee ?icaeoie Oe?a?ie a 1953-1964 ??. (ia iaoa??aeao
cao?aeieo iaeanoae)» ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue oa
iaa/aeueieo i?ia?ai ?noi?e/iiai oaeoeueoaoo Aieeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaathoue o aena?oeaii? iniiaieo
aniaeo?a noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai aeeooy o Cao?aei?e Oe?a?i? a 1950-o — ia
ii/aoeo 1960-o ??.

O eiioaeno? caaaeueii? iaoe aeena?oaioea iinoaaeea caaaeaiiy
aeine?aeeoe:

— noni?eueii-iie?oe/io neooaoe?th a ?aa?ii? o ia?o?e iieiaei? 50-o ??.;

— i?ioeane aeanoae?i?caoe?? noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai aeeooy, ?o niaoeeo?eo
a e?a?;

— ni?iae ?aoi?i ?aaeyinueei? iie?oe/ii? nenoaie;

— oi?ie, iaoiaee oa aoaie i?ioenoiyiiy ?aaeeiia?;

— oea?eiaii-?ae?a?eia aeeooy a ?aa?ii? o ae?oa?e o?aoei? 1950-o — ia?o?e
iieiaei? 1960-o ??.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeena?oaoe?? ? i?eioeeie ?noi?ecio, iaoeiaiai
oa ia`?eoeaiiai i?aeoiaeo aei aena?oeaiiy oaie. Aea??
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeueeeo iaoiae?a coiiaeaiee iaoiaeieia?/ieie canaaeaie
iaienaiiy ?iaioe oa niaoeeo?eith i?aaeiaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aaoi?ea
aeei?enoiaoaaea iaoiaee ?ao?iniaeoe??, ocaaaeueiaiiy ? nenoaiaoecaoe??
iaeiioeiieo oaeo?a, ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co.

Iaeyae iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e c aeine?aeaeoaaii? oaie cae?eniaii
a?aeiia?aeii aei o?iiieia?/iiai oa oaiaoe/iiai i?eioeei?a ?noi??ia?ao??.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/a?oueny
oei, ui ia iniia? e?eoe/iiai inieneaiiy a?o?aieo iaoa??ae?a oa ?ioeo
aeaea?ae, a oaeiae ca?oa?aeii? oa a?o/eciyii? ?noi??ia?ao??
aeine?aeaeaii noni?eueii-iie?oe/ia aeeooy a cao?aeiioe?a?inueeiio
?aa?ii? a ia??iae ?aoi?i 50-o — ii/aoeo 60-o ??., ye? aoee ni?iaith
oaeineiiaeaiiy ?aaeyinueei? oioae?oa?ii? nenoaie. Ia iniia? aiae?co
iaeia?aeiieo ? ?ai?oa ia aeei?enoiaoaaieo a?o?aieo aeieoiaio?a oa
iioae?eiaaieo aeaea?ae aena?oeaii niaoeeo?eo ?icaeoeo e?ath o cacia/aiee
ia??iae.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui
eiai ?acoeueoaoe iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeey i?aeaioiaee
ocaaaeueithth/eo i?aoeue c iie?oe/ii? ?noi??? Oe?a?ie iia?oiueiai /ano,
i?e ?ic?iaoe? niaoe?aeueieo iaa/aeueieo eo?n?a aeey ?noi?e/ieo
oaeoeueoao?a, a oaeiae o iaoeiai-e?a?ciaa/?e oa aeoiai?e ?iaio?.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?iaiaai? ia can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e ?noi???
neia`yinueeeo ia?iae?a Aieeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. Ean?
Oe?a?iee, o aenooiao ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo, a oaeiae o ioae?eaoe?yo
aeena?oaioee.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?? iiaoaeiaaia ca o?iiieia?/ii-i?iaeaiiei
i?eioeeiii. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, i`yoe ?icae?e?a iniiaii?
/anoeie, eiaeai c yeeo, ie??i ia?oiai — „Noai iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee oaie»,
iiae?eaii ia ia?aa?aoe, aeniiae?a, aeiaeaoe?a ? nieneo aeaea?ae oa
e?oa?aoo?e (261 iiceoe?y).

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe

O anooi? ia??oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie, ?? iaoeiao iiaecio ?
i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy, noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo ? caaaeaiiy, aecia/aii
iaoiaeieia?/i? canaaee aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? „Noai iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee oaie» i?iaiae?ciaaii aoaie ?
oa?aeoa? aea/aiiy a?o/eciyiith oa ca?oa?aeiith ?noi??ia?ao??th
noni?eueii-iie?oe/ieo i?ioean?a o N?N? ? cie?aia a Oe?a?i? o
i?neynoae?inueea aeanyoe??//y, a oaeiae ioa?aeoa?eciaaii aeaea?aeueio
aaco aeine?aeaeaiiy.

?icaeoie ?aaeyinueeiai Nithco a 50-60-o ?ieao OO no. i?eaa?oa? oaaao
aaaaoueio o/aieo. Coiiaeaii oea, ianaiia?aae, iaiaeiicia/i?noth
ie?aneaiiai ia??iaeo, eiee, c iaeiiai aieo, i?iyaeeany aeeaiea e?eca
?aaeyinueei? oioae?oa?ii? nenoaie, a c ?ioiai — aoei cae?eniaii ia?o?
ni?iae ?? ?aoi?ioaaiiy c iaoith i?aeei?eaoaaoe caaie?oo?eee iie?oe/iee
eo?n. Oiai/ani? i?ioeane a N?N? noaee iaei??th c eaiie o eaioethaeeo
iiae?e, ye? a?aceee a 50-60-o ??. a?eueo?noue e?a?i oae caaiiai
nioe?ae?noe/iiai oaai?o.

?noi??ia?ao?th i?iaeaie iiae?eaii ca o?iiieia?/iei i?eioeeiii:
?aaeyinueea, no/ania a?o/eciyia ? ca?oa?aeia.

Aa?oi cacia/eoe, ui o i?aoeyo ia?oi? a?oie i?iaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy ia
ciaeoea ia`?eoeaiiai iaoeiaiai aena?oeaiiy. ?icaeoie
cao?aeiioe?a?inueeeo caiaeue i?ney aa?aniy 1939 ?. ?icaeyaeaany
aeeeth/ii o eiioaeno? ?noi??? ?aaeyinueei? Oe?a?ie ye neeaaeiai? /anoeie
N?N?, ui ai??i?ii i?aaethaaei nai???aei?noue ?noi?e/ieo i?ioean?a oa
yaeu ia cao?aeiioe?a?inueeeo oa?aiao.

Iaeiae o ?aaeyinuee?e ?noi??ia?ao??, iniaeeai ae?oai? iieiaeie 80-o —
ii/aoeo 90-o ??., iiaeia i?inoaaeeoe e?eueea i?aeoiae?a aei oe???
i?iaeaie. I?aaenoaaieee iaeiiai c ieo ?icaeyaeaee oiai/ani? i?ioeane ye
caeiiii??iee ? iaiao?aeiee aoai ?aoi?ioaaiiy nenoaie, ye aaaeeeaee
oaeoi? ?? oaeineiiaeaiiy Aenaiia TH., Coaeiaa A. I?aaeaanoea ia?aiai
/Eaoiienue aeanyoeeaoee: 1947-19563 //Eeoa?aoo?iay aacaoa. — 1989. — 14
ethey; Coaeiaa A. Iaeaieia, O?ouaa e „iooaiaeue» //Eiiioieno. — 1990. —
?14. — N.86-94; Noi??iee ?noi??? EI?N: Oaeoe. I?iaeaiu. O?iee /Ca ?aae.
A.?. Eoioeiaa. — E.: Aeua oe., 1990. — 663 n.. ?ioa a?oia aaoi??a
oaa?aeeea, ui ?aoi?ie ie?aneaiiai ia??iaeo aeyaeee iani?iiiaei?noue
oiae?oiueiai ia?o?eii-aea?aeaaiiai ea??aieoeoaa e?a?ie i?aeiyoeny aei
ona?aeiieaiiy iaiao?aeiino? ?aaeeeaeueieo ci?i ? oei naiei cana?ae/eee
iaiiaeeea?noue ia?aaoaeiae ?aaeyinueeiai noni?euenoaa Ao?eaoeeee O.I.
Aiaeaee e niaaoieee: I O?ouaaa, Aiae?iiiaa e ia oieueei i ieo… — I.:
Iieeoecaeao, 1990. — 383 n.; Eaaaaea TH., Oaeien. A. 1953-1964: ii/aio
oiaaea ia iieo/eeinue //Iineianeea iiainoe. — 1990. — ?18.. ?acii c oei
a ?noi??ia?ao?? ooaa?aeeeany e oa/?y, i?aaenoaaeaia, aieiaiei /eiii,
i?aoeyie aeine?aeiee?a, ye? nueiaiaei? i/ieththoue ia?o?? ? ?ooe
„e?aiai» ni?yioaaiiy (a oiio /ene? e a?ae?iaeaeai? eiiia?o?? ?in?? ?
Oe?a?ie). Caaaeoaai? aaoi?e ?icoe?iththoue iiae?? 50-60-o ??. o
?aaeyinueeiio Nithc? ye iai?aaiii/io ?aa?c?th iniiaieo canaae
nioe?ae?cio, canoaeaeoth/e ?o ?i?oe?aoi?a I. O?ouiaa.

Ia caaaeueiinithciiio oe? ia ae??ciyeany i?ea?iaeuei?noth e oe?a?inueea
?aaeyinueea ?noi??ia?ao?y. A?eueoa oiai, o ?yae? aeiaaee?a aiia
oa?aeoa?ecoaaeany iniaeeaith aeiaiaoe/i?noth ? eiina?aaoeciii
Caaei?iaeiee A.E. Nioe?ae?noe/i? ia?aoai?aiiy ? c?inoaiiy aeia?iaooo
o?oaeyueo cao?aeieo iaeanoae O?N?. — E., 1959. — 28 n.; E??naiiaa I.A.
?icaeoie noni?eueii-iie?oe/ii? aeoeaiino? o?oaeyueo cao?aeieo iaeanoae
O?N? o i?ioean? aoae?aieoeoaa iniia nioe?ae?cio. — E.: Iaoe. aeoiea,
1981. — 223 n.; Iaeai/oe A.TH. Nioe?ae?noe/i? ia?aoai?aiiy a cao?aeieo
iaeanoyo O?N?. — E.: O-ai aeey iioe?aiiy iie?o. ? iaoe. ciaiue, 1957. —
48 n.; 300 ?ie?a aicc’?aeiaiiy Oe?a?ie c ?in??th.- E.:Aea?aeiie?oaeaeaa,
1956.- 700 n.; Oeueio E. A n?i’? aieuei?e, iia?e. — Euea?a:
Eieae.-aeo?i. a-ai, 1954. — 151 n.. Iniiai? coneeey oe?a?inueeeo
?noi?ee?a ni?yiiaoaaeeny ia aiieiaaoeeo iie?oeee ia?o?eii-aea?aeaaiiai
ea??aieoeoaa ?aaeyinueeiai Nithco uiaei Oe?a?ie ? cao?aeiioe?a?inueeeo
caiaeue cie?aia. O ca`yceo c oeei caiia/oaaeeny oae? aaaeeea? iiiaioe
?icaeoeo e?ath o i?neynoae?inuee? ?iee, ye, iai?eeeaae, iiaeaaaeaiiy
noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai aeeooy, aeeeeeaia aeiiia?aeiith caieneith E.
Aa??? oa iaaiai?aiiyi ?? a?iiaaenuee?noth ?aa?iio. Iaa?oue o ae?oa?e
iieiaei? 80-o ??. oeae eiie?aoiee oaeo ? oiai/ani? iiae?? a oe?eiio aai
?aii?oaaeeny, aai ioe?ithaaeeny i?i?aaeeiiith ?noi??ia?ao??th ia ?iaeoa,
ye iaiaaaiiy E. Aa??? ?iciaeeoe iaoe?iiaeueio ai?iaeia/o ? i?ae??aaoe
iniiae nioe?ae?cio Nioe?ae?noe/i? ia?aoai?aiiy a eoeueoo?? oa iiaoo?
cao?aeieo iaeanoae Oe?a?ie (1939-1989) /I.N. Aeooei, I.I. Aieoaaoeue, A.
I.Aiioa? oa ?i. — E.: Iaoe. aeoiea, 1989. — 264 n.; Noi??iee ?noi???
Eiiia?o?? Oe?a?ie: caieoaiiy ? a?aeiia?ae? /I.E .Aa?aaothe, A.E.
Aaneeaiei, E.I. Ai?ae??iei oa ?i. — E.: Eea?aeue, 1990. — 488 n.;
Eiaeoeaei ?.I. ?aeaieia?/ia ?iaioa ia Oe?a?i? a ae?oa?e iieiaei? 40-o —
ia ii/.50-o ??.: aiae?c, o?iee //O?AE. — 1989. — ?2. — N.14-25; eiai ae.
Eiiia?o?y Oe?a?ie a aeiao „a?aeeeae» //O?AE. — 1990. — ?11. — N.39-51..

Ci?ia ?noi?e/ieo oiia ia ii/aoeo 90-o ??. i?eaaea aei ?ic?eao c? noa?ith
iaoiaeieia??th, aei iinooiiaiai ca?eueiaiiy ?noi?e/ii? iaoee a?ae
?aeaieia?/ii? caaiaaaeiaaiino?. ?icii/aany ye?nii iiaee aoai o
aeine?aeaeaiiyo noni?eueii-iie?oe/ieo i?ioean?a ae?oai? iieiaeie 50-o —
ii/aoeo 60-o ?ie?a ye a Oe?a?i? a oe?eiio, oae ? a ?? ?aa?iiao. Aeinooi
aei a?o?aieo iaoa??ae?a aeicaieea ?noi?eeai a?eueo ia`?eoeaii ?ice?eoe
noia?a/eeaee ? ae?aiaoe/iee oa?aeoa? oeo iiae?e, iaiine?aeiai?noue ?
iaiaaeai?noue iie?oeee e?aie?anueeiai ea??aieoeoaa uiaei O?N?.

O 90-o ??. c`yaey?oueny ?yae i?aoeue ocaaaeueithth/iai oa?aeoa?o
Noi??iee ?noi??? Oe?a?ie: OO noie?ooy: Iin?aiee aeey a/eoaey //Ca ?aae.
N.A.Eoeue/eoeueeiai. — E.: Ina?oa, 1992. — 336 n.; ?noi??y Oe?a?ie: iiaa
aa/aiiy: O 2 o. /I?ae ?aae. A.A. Niie?y. — E.: Oe?a?ia, 1995. — 350 n.;
?noi??y Oe?a?ie /Ea?. aao. eie. TH. Caeoeaa. — Euea?a: Na?o, 1996. — 488
n.; Aieei I.Ae. ?noi??y Oe?a?ie o OO no.: 20-90-o? ?iee: Iaa/. iin?aiee
aeey nooaeaio?a. — I?aeei, 1994.. O ieo c?iaeaii ni?iao ?icaeyaeaoe
?noi??th Oe?a?ie ia iiaeo eiioeaiooaeueieo canaaeao — o eiioaeno?
na?oiaiai ?noi?e/iiai i?ioeano. ?acii c oei cia/io oaaao aaoi?e
i?eae?eythoue ? nai???aeiino? noni?eueiiai oa iie?oe/iiai aeeooy a
?aaeyinueeee ia??iae ia cao?aeiioe?a?inueeeo oa?aiao.

Ie?aii iiaeia aeae?eeoe a?oio i?aoeue, o yeeo aena?oeth?oueny aeaui
aoae/a eiei i?iaeaiaoeee c ?noi??? Oe?a?ie OO no. Iie?oe/i? iane?aeee
anoaiiaeaiiy a Oe?a?i? noae?inueei? oioae?oa?ii? nenoaie noaee
i?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ?yaeo ?ia?o TH. Oaiiaaea Oaiiaae TH.?. Oe?a?ia
20-o-50-o ?ie?a: noi??iee iaiaienaii? ?noi???. — E.: Iaoe. aeoiea,
1993.- 349 n.; eiai ae. Noae?i?ci ? Oe?a?ia //O?AE. — 1990. — ?12; 1991.
— ?2, 4-8, 10-12;- 1992. — ?1-12.. A/aiee iaeiei ?c ia?oeo o no/ani?e
a?o/eciyi?e ?noi??ia?ao?? iienaa iiae?? iaaeiei caaaeoaaii?
„Aeiiia?aeii? caienee» E. Aa???. Iaeiae a?i iaiaaeeany aiae?cii iiceoe??
i?aaey/i? aa?o?aee ?anioae?ee, ia i?eae?eeaoe iaeaaeii? oaaae oiio
noni?eueiiio ?aciiaino, yeee aeeeeeaa aeieoiaio o ?aa?ii?.

Ni?iaith aiae?co ianooaa?a ? oa?aeoa?o ?ai?aneaieo caoiae?a
?aaeyinueeiai oioae?oa?ecio uiaei ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie noaee iiiia?ao?? ?.
Aeiie/aiea oa ?. A?eana Aeiie/aiei ?.?. Oe?a?ia 1920-1980-o:
aeaii?oaoe??, caneaiiy, aeneaiiy. — E.: ?aaea, 1994.- 126 n.; A?ean ?.A.
?ai?aneaii-ea?aeueia nenoaia a Oe?a?i?. 1917-1953: Noni?eueii-iie?oe/iee
oa ?noi?eei-i?aaiaee aiae?c: O 2-o ei. — E.: Eea?aeue — A?enueei
Oe?a?ie, 1994.. Aeine?aeaeaiiy inoaiiueiai noaiiaeoue iniaeeao
oe?ii?noue c iaeyaeo ia iaaecae/aeii aaaaoee aeieoiaioaeueiee iaoa??ae,
c?a?aiee o „cae?eoeo» aei inoaiiueiai /ano a?o?aao.

Noni?eueii-iie?oe/i? i?ioeane, ye? a?aeaoaaeeny a 50-o ??. o Cao?aei?e
Oe?a?i?, ? ia`?eoii aea/aiiy i?aoeue I. ?oaeueiaa ? TH. *a?/aiea oa A.
ss?ioa ?oaeueia I.N., *a?/aiei TH.A. Noae?iueia e aeiey
cao?aeiioe?a?inueei? ?ioae?aaioe?? (20-60-o? ?iee OO no.). — E.: Iaoe.
aeoiea, 1994. — 350 n.; ss?io A.I. Oioae?oa?iee ?aaeei ia
cao?aeiioe?a?inueeeo caieyo. 30-50-o? ?iee OO no.
(?noi?eei-iie?oieia?/iee aniaeo). — Eooeuee: Iaaenoe?`y, 1995. — 176 n..
Caaaeai? aaoi?e noiaeyoueny o aeniiaeo, ui iniaeeaa a?ooaeuei?noue
iie?oeee noae?inueeiai ea??aieoeoaa a ?aa?ii? aoea coiiaeaia iineeaiith
a?iiaaenueeith aeoeai?noth na?aeiii? /anoeie cao?aeiiai oe?a?inoaa ?,
ianaiia?aae, ?ioae?aaioe?? e?ath. I?iaiae?ciaai? o cacia/aieo i?aoeyo
nthaeaoe iie?oe/ii? ?noi??? ia??iaeo aaii?? noae?i?cio aeathoue
iiaeeea?noue noai?eoe oe?e?nio ea?oeio noni?eueii-iie?oe/ii? neooaoe?? a
cao?aeieo iaeanoyo ?anioae?ee iaia?aaeiaei? aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ia??iaeo.

Cia/iee ?ioa?an o eiioaeno? aena?oeaiiy aaaaoueio aniaeo?a ?noi???
Oe?a?ie i?neynoae?inueei? aeiae aeeeeeathoue i?aoe? A. Aa?aia Aa?ai A.E.
Oe?a?ia i?ney Noae?ia: Ia?en ?noi??? 1953-1985 ??. — Euea?a: II
„Naiaiaea», 1992. — 124 n.; Eiai ae. Oe?a?ia 1950-1960-o ??.: aaiethoe?y
oioae?oa?ii? nenoaie. — Euea?a: ?inoeooo oe?a?iiciaanoaa ?i .?
.E?ei`yeaae/a IAI Oe?a?ie, 1996. — 448 n.; eiai ae. Oeaico?a a nenoai?
oioae?oa?ecio //No/ani?noue. — 1994. — ?6. — N.104-117; eiai ae. Aeaaea
? oea?eaa: c ?noi??? aca?iei o 1945-1965 ??. //No/ani?noue. — 1995. —
?5. — N.113-128; eiai ae. Aeanoae?i?caoe?y a Oe?a?i?: ia?oa ni?iaa
//No/ani?noue. — 1995. — ?11. — N.106-117.. O ieo ia oe?ie?e
aeaea?aeuei?e iniia? aiae?cothoueny i?ioeane noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai
?icaeoeo O?N? o cacia/aiee ia??iae. ?noi?ee aeaoaeueii aena?oeth? o?ae
aeanoae?i?caoe?? a Oe?a?i?, aeacoth/e ia iayai?noue o?ueio aoai?a
inoaiiuei?, ?noi??th aea?aeaaii-oea?eiaieo a?aeiinei o iiai?ii?
aeanyoe??//y, ie?ai? aniaeoe iaoe?iiaeueiiai oa eoeueoo?ii-aeooiaiiai
aeeooy ?anioae?ee.

O 90-o? ??. c`yaey?oueny iecea aocueeii?iaeaiieo iaoeiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue, ui noinothoueny ie?aieo aniaeo?a ?noi??? Oe?a?ie 50-60-o
??. O ieo iiina?aaeeiaaii ?icaeyaea?oueny oaeiae o?ae a?aeiia?aeieo
i?ioean?a ? yaeu o cao?aeieo iaeanoyo. Oae, aaniethoii cae?eoa aeey
?aaeyinueei? ?noi??ia?ao?? oaia oe?a?inueeiai aioe?aaeeiiiai ?ooo,
?noioia i?noea a ye?e caeia? aeine?aeaeaiiy cao?aeiioe?a?inueeiai
eiiiiiaioa, aeineoue aeaoaeueii aena?oeth?oueny ye ia noi??ieao
??oioiaieo iiiia?ao?e, oae ? a iaio ianooaaieo iaoeiaeo ?ic?iaeao.

Na?aae ia?oeo aa?oi iacaaoe i?aoe? TH. Eo?iiniaa oa A. Eanueyiiaa
Eo?iinia TH. ?iaeiieneaiiy a Oe?a?i? (60-o? — ia?oa iieiaeia 80-o ??. OO
no.). — E.: ?inoeooo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie, 1994. — 221 n.; Eanueyiia A.
Iacaiaei?: oe?a?inueea ?ioae?aaioe?y a ?on? iii?o 1960-1980-o ?ie?a . —
E.: Eea?aeue, 1995. — 222 n.. TH. Eo?iinia ?icaeyaea? nioe?aeueiee
oaiiiai oe?a?inueeiai ?iaeiieneaiiy a oiiaao ?aaeyinueei? oioae?oa?ii?
aea?aeaae. Aaoi? ?ic?iaey? ia??iaeecaoe?th ?ooo iii?o a Oe?a?i?,
aiae?co? nioe?aeueio aaco inoaiiueiai a o?ouianuee? oa a?aaei?anuee?
/ane oiui.

O oeaio?? oaaae aeine?aeaeaiiy A. Eanueyiiaa — i?ioenoiyiiy oe?a?inueei?
?ioae?aaioe?? oioae?oa?i?e aea?aeaa? ? ni?iae iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiai
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy 60-o ??. ?icaeoie ?ooo iii?o ?icaeyaea?oueny ia oe?
iinooiiaiai caiaiaaeo ?aaeyinueei? oioae?oa?ii? nenoaie ? ?? /anoeiai?
aaiethoe?? aei aaoi?eoa?ecio. Naia oeei aaoi? iiynith? o?eaaea ?nioaaiiy
iiiceoe?eiiai ?ooo a Oe?a?i?. *e ia aia?oa o a?o/eciyi?e ?noi??ia?ao??
iaoeiaaoeue ?iaeoue ni?iao aeae?eeoe niaoeeo?/i? iniaeeaino?
cao?aeiioe?a?inueeiai ?ooo iii?o, iaeiae aeaoaeueiee aiae?c ieoaiiy o
?iaio? a?aenooi?e.

Aena?oeaiith ?yaeo aniaeo?a aioe?aaeeiiiai ?ooo i?enay/ai? oaeiae i?aoe?
O. Aaoaiea, TH. Caeoeaaa, I.Eo/a?oea Aaoaiei O. Ia?oee iia?ii
o?noaeanyoieoeoaa //Naiino?eia Oe?a?ia. — 1995. -*.19. — N.14-15; — *.20
— N.12-13; — *.21. — N.11-12; Caeoeaa TH. Aeeneaeaioe //Iieiaeue
Oe?a?ie. — 1995. — 21, 23, 24, 28, 30 aa?aciy; 4, 6, 11 ea?oiy; Eo/a?oe
I. Nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ia i?ae??oioy ?ooo, a?aeiiiai i?ae iacaith
„o?noaeanyoieoeoai» //Oe?a?inueea neiai. — 1994. — 22 a?oaeiy. oa ?i.

Iaaiee aianie o aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie i?neynoae?inueei? ?noi???
Oe?a?ie c?iaeee ca?oa?aei? a/ai?. Aea/aiiy ieoaiue
noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai ?icaeoeo ?aaeyinueeiai Nithco ? eiai ?aa?ii?a o
ia??iae o?ouianueeiai i?aae?iiy ca?oa?aeieie ?aaeyiieiaaie ?icii/aeiny
aaea ?c na?aaeeie 50-o ??. Ioe?ithth/e ?aoi?ie ii e?aa?ae?caoe?? nenoaie
caaaeii iiceoeaii, oiai/ani? ? i?ci?o? aaoi?e aeacoaaee ?acii c oei ia
?o iaiine?aeiai?noue Liberalisation in the USSR: Fasade or Reality?
Edited by D.Richard Little. — Lexington, 1968; Linden Carl A. Khrushchev
and the Soviet Leadership, 1957-1964. — London, 1967; The Soviet Union
since Stalin. Edited by Stephen F. Cohen, Alexander Rabinowitch, Robert
Sharlet. — Bloomington, 1980; Khrushchev and Khrushchevism. Edited by
Martin MsCauley. — London, 1987.. I?e/eio oeueiai aiie aaa/aee o
„o?aaeeoe?eiiio noae?inueeiio aeoiaaii?» oeo ea??aiee?a, ye?
aeaeea?oaaee ? i?iaiaeeee a aeeooy noni?euei? oa iie?oe/i? ci?ie.
Aeine?aeieee noiaeyoueny ia aeoioe?, ui a neeo oeeo i?e/ei ?aoi?ie a
e?ioeaaiio i?aenoieo ia iiaee aeeoe ? ia aeeoee ca ?aiee aeiaiaoe/iiai
nioe?ae?cio.

I?aaeiaoii cia/iiai ?ioa?ano cao?aeieo aaoi??a aoee e ie?ai? aniaeoe
noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai aeeooy N?N? a ie?aneaiee ia??iae. I?iaeaia
?aaa?e?oaoe?? aea?oa noae?inueeeo ?ai?an?e ciaeoea aena?oeaiiy o i?aoeyo
aieeaiaenueeiai a/aiiai Aeueaa?oa aai Aoaeiaa?a Goudoever van, Albert P.
The Limits of Destalinization in the Soviet Union. Politikal
Rehabilitation in the Soviet Union since Stalin. — London and Sidney,
1986., yeee ia eeoa aena?oeth? oai?aoe/i? canaaee ?aaa?e?oaoe??, a e
?iaeoue aeniiaie, ui inoaiiy noaea niaoeeo?/iei caniaii ai?ioueae c
„eoeueoii iniae». Ia`?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ?yaeo aaoi??a noaa ?oo iii?o a
O?N?. Ia iniaeeao oaaao caneoaiaothoue i?aoe? Aeae. Aa?/a, E. Oa?ia?a ?
aeayeeo ?ioeo ?noi?ee?a Birch J. The Ukrainian Nationalist Movement in
the USSR since 1956. — London, 1971; aeea. oaeiae: Birch J. The
Ukrainian Nationalist Movement in the USSR since 1956 // The Ukrainian
Review/ — 1970. — Vol.OO??. — No. 4. — P.2-47; Farmer Kenneth C.
Ukrainian Nationalism in the Post-Stalin Era: Myth, Symbols and Ideology
in Soviet Nationalities Policy. — The Hague, Boston, London, 1980..
Nie?ath/enue ia aeineoue iaiaaeaia eiei aeaea?ae, aieiaiei c yeeo ?
iaoa??aee naiaeaeaao, a/ai? aiae?cothoue no?oeoo?o, aeaiia?ao?/iee ?
i?ioan?eiee neeaae, iaoiaee ae?yeueiino? ? i?ia?aii? canaaee ?ooo iii?o
a Oe?a?i?. Aeieeiaiiy iiiceoe?? ?aaeeiia? aiie iia`ycothoue ?c
eiioe?eoii, yeee aeiee i?ae aeeneaeaioaie ? aea?aeaaith a
iaoe?iiaeueiiio ieoaii?.

Cia/io oaaao caaaeueiei oa ie?aiei i?iaeaiai „o?ouianueei? aeiae»
i?eae?eythoue no/ani? ?in?enuee? aeine?aeieee A. A?aaoia, I. Aa?noeia,
TH. Ai?enia, A. Aieoa?a, A. Noa?eia oa ?i. A?aaoia A.A. Caoyioaoaany
aucaei?iaeaiea (1953-1985 aa.). Naeaeaoaeuenoai nia?aiaiieea. — I.:
Iaaeaeoia?iaeiua ioiioaiey, 1991; Aa?noeia I. Iai?ioiay noi?iia
„iooaiaee» (Enoi?eei-aeieoiaioaeueiue i/a?e) //Eaioaa?. — 1993. — ?4. —
N.129-143; Ai?enia TH., Aieoaaa A. Iieeoe/aneay ?aaaeeeoaoeey a NNN?
(1950-1960-a aiaeu) a inaauaiee caiaaeiie enoi?eia?aoee // Ioa/anoaaiiay
enoi?ey. — 1992. — ?5. — N.205-209; Caineia A. Ianniaia inaiaiaeaeaiea
niaoeiinaeaioeaa e nnueueiuo (1954-1960 aa.) //Nioeeieiae/aneea
enneaaeiaaiey. — 1994. — ?1. — N.126; Coa?eia A.A. Aeaea e ethaee
noaeeineiai a?aiaie. — NIa., 1995. — 402 n.. Ni?iae ?aoi?ioaaiiy
iie?oe/ii? nenoaie, ?aaa?e?oaoe?y, iineaaeaiiy ?aeaieia?/iiai aeeeoaoo a
a?iiaaenueei-iie?oe/iiio aeeoo? — oe? oa ?yae ?ioeo ieoaiue
i?aei?iathoue caaaeai? aaoi?e. Iiceoeaii ioe?ithth/e aioo??oith iie?oeeo
oiai/aniiai ea??aieoeoaa, aiie iaaieioothoue ia iieiaei/anoino?
cae?enithaaii? a e?a?i? aeanoae?i?caoe??. C?icoi?ei, ui aeine?aeaeaiiy
?in?enueeeo aaoi??a ci???ioiaai? ianaiia?aae ia aena?oeaiiy ieoaiue
i?neynoae?inueei? ?noi??? N?N?. Iaeiae oe?ii?noue oeeo ?ia?o o eiioaeno?
i?aeiyoi? iaie i?iaeaie iieyaa? o oiio, ui aiie a eiiieaen?
ciaeueiaothoue caaaeueiiaea?aeaaio neooaoe?th, ia oii? yei? iniaeeai
/?oei i?inoaaeo?oueny nai???aei?noue noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai ?icaeoeo
Cao?aeii? Oe?a?ie.

Ie?aio a?oio e?oa?aoo?e neeaaeathoue aeine?aeaeaiiy oe?a?inueeeo
ae?anii?ieo aaoi??a. Cia/ia /anoeia i?aoeue, yea aoea iaienaia ua a ?iee
?nioaaiiy ?aaeyinueeiai Nithco, aeineoue aeaoaeueii aiae?coaaea ieoaiiy,
aaniethoii „cae?eo?» aeey i?aeoeaico?ii? io?oe?eii? ?noi??ia?ao??, ? oei
naiei caiiaithaaea ooo/ii noai?thaaiee ?aeaieia?/iei aeeeoaoii aaeooi o
?yae? iai?yi?a ?noi?e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue E?aaoe?a Aiaaeai. Ia aaa?yiiio
eii? ?aaiethoe??: Aei ?aaa?e?oaoe?eiiai i?ioeano a O?N?. — Iueth-Ei?e:
I?ieia, 1960. — 63 n.; Aioeth?e?a Aiaaeai. Oe?a?inueea
A?aei-eaoieeoeueea Oea?eaa a eaoaeiiaao (1946-1989) //Eia/aa: Ca??iee
noaoae c oea?eiaii? ?noi???. — *.1. — Euea?a: ?i-o ?noi?. aeine?aeaeaiue
Euea?a. oi-oo ?i. ?.O?aiea, ?i-o ?noi??? oea?eae, 1993. — 189 n..

Iaea?eueoee ianea e?oa?aoo?e noino?oueny ieoaiue ?icai?oaiiy a Oe?a?i?
aioe?aaeeiiiai ?ooo. Na?aae ?ia?o, i?enay/aieo caaaeai?e i?iaeai?, aa?oi
a?aecia/eoe iaoeia? ?ic?iaee N.Aaeaiay, A. Ii?ica, I. I?ieiia oa ?yaeo
?ioeo Aaeaiae Noaiai. Ai?ioueaa ca aecaieaiiiy Oe?a?ie. 1929-1989:
?ai?eioia aeaeaiiy. — Euea?a: Eaiaiy?, 1993. — 343 n.; Ii?ic A.
O?noaeanyo? ?iee a Oe?a?i?. Aaa?e?oaoe?eia i?aoey. — Oi?iioi — Ithioai,
1986; Eioaeeaaoe Eaai. O?iieea oe?aeineiai nii?ioeaeaiey //Eiioeiaio. —
1975. — ?5. — N.173-199; Iio?/iee I. Aiae?ca ?ooo iii?o a Oe?a?i?
//Iaoa??aee Eiia?ano oe?a?inueei? a?eueii? iie?oe/ii? aeoiee. — Na??y
A.- Ca??iee. *.3. — Ithioai, 1974.- N.86-91; I?ieii Ie?ineaa. ?oo iii?o
? a?ae?iaeaeaiiy a Oe?a?i? //Iaia?aaeiaei? iacaeaaeii? Oe?a?ie.
Niinoa?aaeaiiy ? aeniiaee. — Iueth-Ei?e — Ia?eae — Neaeiae — Oi?iioi —
Euea?a, 1993. — N.291-416..

N. Aaeaiae noai?th? oe?e?nio ea?oeio ai?ioueae na?aeiiiai oe?a?inoaa
i?ioe oioae?oa?ecio i?ioyaii 60-oe ?ie?a i?ae ?aaeyinueeith aeaaeith,
iniaeeai aeaoaeueii coieiyth/enue ia ca?iei?e ai?iouea? caaii?a IOI-OIA.
Iaeiae ieoaiiyi ae?yeueiino? iiiceoe?? a oiiaao o?ouianueeeo ?aoi?i
aaoi? i?eae?ey? iaaei?aaaeaii iaei oaaae. A. Ii?ic, ?icaeyaeath/e iiae??
60-o ??. a Oe?a?i?, aei iaaii? i??e caiiaith? oeth i?iaaeeio. Cie?aia,
a?i aiae?co? ae?yeuei?noue oae caaieo „ia?ao?aeieo a?oi», aea, ia iaoo
aeoieo, aeaui ia?aioe?ith? nooi?iue nii??aeiaiino? inoaii?o c? ca?ieiei
i?aei?eeyi iiia?aaeiueiai aoaio.

Iaei??th ?c iae??oioiai?oeo ni?ia eiiieaeniiai aiae?co oe?a?inueeiai
?ooo iii?o noaea i?aoey I.I?ieiia. Iniaeeai oe?iiei ? aeei?enoaiiy
aaoi?ii aaeeeiai ianyao noaoenoe/iiai iaoa??aeo i?e aena?oeaii?
nioe?aeueii? no?oeoo?e oa aaia?ao?? ?ooo a „aeeneaeaionuee?» 60-70-? ??.
Ni?eueiei iaaeie?eii caaaeaieo i?aoeue ? cina?aaeaeaiiy oaaae aeeeth/ii
ia „aeaeeieo» i?iyaao aeoeaii? iiiceoe?? ?aaeeiia? ? a?aenooi?noue
aeeaieiai aiae?co ?ioeo, oae caaieo ianeaieo oi?i iii?o.

Na?aae ocaaaeueithth/eo ?ia?o aa?oi aeae?eeoe ?yae aeine?aeaeaiue ?.
Eenyea-?oaeieoeueeiai Eenye-?oaeieoeueeee ?aai. Ia?ene c ?noi??? iiai?
Oe?a?ie. — Euea?a: Iaii??ae, 1991. — 101 n. ; eiai ae. Aaiethoe?y
?aaeyinueei? Oe?a?ie //?noi?e/i? ana. — O.2. — E.,1994. — N.294-305.,
ye? oi?eathoueny i?iaeai i?neynoae?inueeiai ?icaeoeo
cao?aeiioe?a?inueeiai ?aa?iio a ?ic??c? ?noi??? Oe?a?ie ae?oai? iieiaeie
OO no.

Caaaeii i?aoe? cao?aeieo iaoeiaoe?a a?aecia/athoueny ne?oioeueiciei
aeei?enoaiiyi on?o aeinooiieo aeaea?ae. Iaeiae a?aenooi?noue a aaoi??a
iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy a?o?aieo iaoa??ae?a aeaui cieaeo? iaoeiao
oe?ii?noue aeine?aeaeaiue.

Ioaea, iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e aea? i?aenoaae noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui oi/a
a?o/eciyieie ? ca?oa?aeieie iaoeiaoeyie noai?aii oe?eo ieceo i?aoeue ye
?c caaaeueieo, oae ? c ie?aieo aoceiaeo ieoaiue ?noi??? Oe?a?ie 50-60-o
??., ana ae niaoe?aeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy noni?eueii-iie?oe/ieo
i?ioean?a o cao?aeiiio ?aa?ii? ?anioae?ee ua iaia?. Oei /anii, aac
aeeaieiai aiae?co oiai/anieo iiae?e a e?a? ia iiaeia a?aeoai?eoe
caaaeueii? ea?oeie noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai aeeooy Oe?a?ie a ie?aneaiee
ia??iae. Oeei ? coiiaeththoueny iioeae, ye? niiioeaee aaoi?a
aeine?aeaeoaaoe oeth i?iaeaio.

Aeaea?aeueio aaco cai?iiiiiaaii? ?iaioe neeaee ??ciiieaiia? ca
oa?aeoa?ii iioiaeaeaiiy oa ci?noii, iioae?eiaai? oa ua ia a?aeii?
oe?ieiio caaaeo aeieoiaioaeuei? iaoa??aee ?yaeo oeaio?aeueieo oa
i?noeaaeo a?o?a?a.

Iniaeeao oe?ii?noue noaiiaeyoue aeieoiaioe, iicia/ai? a?eoii „oe?eeii
oa?iii», oiiaeo OeE EIO (o.1) Oeaio?aeueiiai aea?aeaaiiai a?o?ao
a?iiaaenueeeo ia`?aeiaiue Oe?a?ie. *eneaii? aeiiia?aei?, ?ioi?iaoe??,
ca?oe, ui iaaeoiaeeee c iaeanoae, aeineoue aeaoaeueii ?ethno?othoue
iniaeeaino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie, iaiine?aeiai?noue ? iacaaa?oai?noue
cae?enithaaieo ?aoi?i. C oiiae?a Oeaio?aeueiiai aea?aeaaiiai a?o?ao
aeueo i?aai?a aeaaee ? oi?aae?iiy Oe?a?ie aa?oi aeae?eeoe ianaiia?aae
oiiaee I?aceae?? Aa?oiaii? ?aaee O?N? oa ?aaee I?i?no??a O?N? (o.o.1; 2)
ye iaea?eueo iaiiaiai? io?oe?eiith aeieoiaioaoe??th. E??i oiai, aaoi?ii
aeei?enoiaoaaeeny aeieoiaioe oiiae?a I?ieo?aoo?e O?N? (o. 288),
Aieiaiiai oi?aae?iiy ii ioi?ii? aea?aeaaieo oa?iieoeue o i?an? i?e ?aae?
I?i?no??a O?N? (o. 4605), ia’?aeiaiee oiiae oiiaiiaaaeaieo ?aaee o
ni?aaao ?onueei? i?aaineaaii? oea?eae oa ?aaee o ni?aaao ?ae?a?eieo
eoeueo?a i?e ?aae? I?i?no??a O?N? (o.4648).

Aeineoue aaaeeeaei aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie ? aeei?enoaiiy
aeieoiaio?a i?noeaaeo a?o?a?a — Aieeinueei?, ?aaii-O?aie?anueei?,
Euea?anueei?, ??aiainueei?, *a?i?aaoeueei? iaeanoae. Iniaeeaee ?ioa?an
noaiiaeyoue oiiaee ia?o?eii-aea?aeaaieo i?aai?a, iaeanieo i?ieo?aoo?,
oiiaiiaaaeaieo ?aaee o ni?aaao ?IOe ? ?aaee o ni?aaao ?ae?a?e oa aeaye?
?io?.

Oaanue ianea c?a?aieo a?o?aieo aeaea?ae iiaeia iiae?eeoe ia iaoa??aee
th?eaee/iiai, noaoenoe/iiai ? ia?aoeaiiai oa?aeoa?o. Na?aae aeieoiaio?a
ia?oi? a?oie — /eneaii? caeiiiaeaa/? aeoe, iinoaiiae ? ?icii?yaeaeaiiy
nithciiai ? ?anioae?eainueeiai o?yae?a, a oaeiae eiinoeoooe?? O?N? 1954
? 1977 ??.

Ie??i io?oe?eii? aeieoiaioaoe?? oeaio?aeueieo i?aai?a aeaaee, aei ?iaioe
caeo/aii iaoa??aee iaeanieo ia?o?eii-aea?aeaaieo i?aai?a.

Na?aae aeieoiaio?a noaoenoe/iiai oa?aeoa?o aeaaeaii ia /eneaii?
?ioi?iaoe?ei? ca?oe, ui iaaeoiaeeee aei oeaio?o c i?noeue ? noinoaaeeny
oe?ieiai eiea ieoaiue noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai aeeooy. Oea ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i
neeaae ea??aieo i?aoe?aiee?a cao?aeiioe?a?inueeiai ?aa?iio, noaoenoe/i?
aeai? i?i o?ae ?aaa?e?oaoe??, a?aeiiino? i?i e?euee?niee ? ye?niee
neeaae aeaiooaonueeiai ei?iono i?noeaaeo ?aae, aeiaeaoee aei ui??/ieo
ca?o?a iaeanieo ? ?anioae?eainueeeo oiiaiiaaaeaieo ?aaee o ni?aaao ?IOe
? ?aaee o ni?aaao ?ae?a?e oiui. Iaeiae aeei?enoaiiy noaoenoe/ieo
iaoa??ae?a aeiaaa? iaaii? iaa?aaeiino? c iaeyaeo ia iiaeeea?noue
iaaienii? i?aeoaniaee ? ia?ae?o/aiiy aeaieo ia aeiaiaeo iie?oe/i?e
eii`thieoo??.

Aaaeeeaeie ia?aoeaieie aeaea?aeaie ? iaioa?e oa niiaaaee o/aniee?a
oiai/anieo iiae?e. Aea aeei?enoaiiy ?o o iaoeiaiio aeine?aeaeaii?
iio?aao? e?eoe/iiai i?aeoiaeo /a?ac noa`?eoeai?noue aeeeaaeo iaoa??aeo.

Aei ?iaioe aoei caeo/aii oaeiae naiaeaeaai? aeieoiaioe, ye? aaeaeiny
?icooeaoe o eieenue „cae?eoeo» oiiaeao oeaio?aeueieo a?o?a?a.

E??i oiai, aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/aieo o aeena?oaoe?? i?iaeai aoee
oe?iei aeei?enoai? ca??ieee aeieoiaio?a ? iaoa??ae?a, oeeaaeai? ye
a?o/eciyieie a/aieie a ?aaeyinueeee ? iino?aaeyinueeee ia??iae, oae ?
cao?aeieie ?noi?eeaie Noni?eueii-iie?oe/iee ?icaeoie
cao?aeiioe?a?inueeeo iaeanoae O?N?. 1939-1989: Ca??iee aeieoiaio?a ?
iaoa??ae?a /Oii?yae. E.?. Ai?iaeaie?ia, I.A. E??naiiaa oa ?i. — E.:
Iaoe. aeoiea, 1989.- 456 n.; Iaoe?iiaeuei? a?aeiineie a Oe?a?i? o OO
no.: Ca. aeieoiaio?a ? iaoa??ae?a /Oii?yae. I.?. Iai/oe, ?.E. Aiooeye oa
?i. — E.: Iaoe. aeoiea, 1994. — 560 n.; ?aaa?e?oaoe?y ?ai?aniaaieo:
Caeiiiaeaanoai oa noaeiaa i?aeoeea /Ca ?aae. A. Iaey?aiea. — E.:
TH??ieii, 1997. — 464 n.; Eoeueoo?ia aeeooy a Oe?a?i?. Cao?aei? caie?. —
O.1.1939-1953. — E.: Iaoe. aeoiea, 1995. — 749 n.;- O.2.1953-1966. —
Euea?a: ?i-o oe?a?iiciaanoaa ?i. ?. E?ei`yeaae/a, 1996. — 918 n.;
Oe?a?inueea noni?eueii-iie?oe/ia aeoiea a 20 no.: Aeieoiaioe ?
iaoa??aee. — O.???. — No/ani?noue, 1983. — 443 n.; Iaoeeiiaeueiue aii?in
a NNN?: Nai?iee aeieoiaioia /Nino. ?.Eoi/eineee. — No/ani?noue, 1975..

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? „Iiaeaaaeaiiy noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai aeeooy o
1953-1956 ??.» i?iaiae?ciaaii ci?ie o a?iiaaenueei-iie?oe/iiio aeeoo?
?aa?iio ia ii/aoeo ie?aneaiiai ia??iaeo.

?icae?e neeaaea?oueny c aeaio ia?aa?ao?a. O ia?oiio ioa?aeoa?eciaaii
noni?eueii-iie?oe/io neooaoe?th a e?a? ia ii/aoeo 50-o ??. Oea aoa
ia??iae, eiee i?ioean noaiiaeaiiy ?aaeyinueei? oioae?oa?ii? nenoaie a
?aa?ii? caaaeii caaa?oeany. Noaiiaeaiiy a?eueoiaeoeueei? aea?aeaaiino?
noi?iaiaeaeoaaeiny aaniethoecaoe??th ianeeuenoaa. ?ai?aneai? caoiaee
noaee iaeyne?aa?oei aeyaii ?aaeeio ? canoiniaoaaeeny aei i?aaenoaaiee?a
on?o nioe?aeueieo a?oi.

Ai?aca?nia eieaeoea?caoe?y i?e?aeea ia aeaii?oaoe?th aei Nea??o oa
o?ce/ia aeieuaiiy nioi? oeny/ naeyi. Eeoa a 1951-1952 ??., i?ney
i?eeiyooy a?aeiia?aeiiai o?yaeiaiai aeieoiaioa, ia niaoeiinaeaiiy aoei
a?aei?aaeaii iiiaae 1,5 oen. n?iae cao?aeiioe?a?inueeeo „eo?eoe?a».
Iniaeeaeo ia?ane?aeoaaiue caciaaaea i?noeaaa ?ioae?aaioe?y. A?aeiia?aeii
aei „?icia?yaeee» i`yoee a?aeae?e I?i?noa?noaa aea?aeaaii? aaciaee
caeiaany naia oe??th eaoaai???th ianaeaiiy. A?i i?aeaiooaaa aeia?aeeo
„I?i cani?/ai?noue aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a ? onoaiia iie?oe/ii
iaaeaaiae?eieie aeaiaioaie», ca?aeii c yeith i?ae iniaeeaee iaaeyae o
1951 ?. aoei acyoi 1335 cao?aeiioe?a?inueeeo iaoeiaoe?a.

I?aaiaiiy ?aaeyinueeiai ?aaeeio oi?o?eoaaoe nenoaio aeooiaieo oe?ii?nieo
i???ioaoe?e cao?aeieo oe?a?ioe?a i?iyaeeiny o ae?yeueiino? uiaei
e?ea?aeaoe?? o 1946-1949 ??. Oe?a?inueei? a?aei-eaoieeoeueei? oea?eae.
I?aai?ciaaia ? i?iaaaeaia noae?inueeei ea??aieoeoaii aeoe?y
noi?iaiaeaeoaaeany ianiaeie a?aooaie, ?icno??eaie oa aeaii?oaoe?yie
i?aaenoaaiee?a ee??o. OAEOe ciooaia aoea i?oe o aeeaiea i?aei?eey.

Aeaaea aei?noiei ?ici?aaeeany c o/anieeaie ca?ieiiai
iaoe?iiaeueii-aecaieueiiai ?ooo: c 1944 ii 1953 ??. aoei ?ai?aniaaii
iiiaae 500 oen. in?a, c ieo aeecueei 200 oen. — /eai?a ?iaeei o/aniee?a
IOI ? OIA.

ssne?aaith oa?aeoa?enoeeith iie?oe/iiai aeeooy noni?euenoaa ?
neeaaeiaith i?ioeano „?aaeyi?caoe??» ?aa?iio aoea eaae?iaa iie?oeea
oi?aae?inueeeo no?oeoo?. Aiae?c ?? aea? i?aenoaae aeey aeniiaeo i?i
oioaeueio iaaeia??o aei i?noeaaeo oe?a?ioe?a. Ei??iia ianaeaiiy ia
aeiioneaeiny aei oi?aae?iiy aeeooyi e?ath, a?aeaa?oi ciaaaaeaeeny eiai
iaoe?iiaeuei? ?ioa?ane, iai?eoiaaii iaoooaaeeny iiai? iio?aae oiui.

C iaoith i?aaethaaiiy i?noeaai? naiiaooiino? ? aeaiaoe?iiae?caoe??
Cao?aeii? Oe?a?ie a?aeaoaaeiny ianiaa caneeey o i?iieneiaeo oeaio?ao
?in?enueeiiiaiiai ianaeaiiy c oeaio?aeueieo ?aeii?a ?aaeyinueeiai
Nithco.

Ona oea iineethaaei aino?ioo noia?a/iinoae nioe?aeueiiai oa
noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai oa?aeoa?o ? coiiaethaaei niaoeeo?eo neooaoe?? o
cao?aeiiio ?aa?ii? Oe?a?ie ia ii/aoeo 50-o ??.

O ae?oaiio ia?aa?ao? i?iaiae?ciaaii noni?eueii-iie?oe/ia aeeooy a
?aa?ii? c /ano nia?o? Noae?ia aei ii/aoeo 1956 ?. Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui
1953-1956 ??. a?o/eciyia ?noi??ia?ao?y o?aaeeoe?eii aeaoo? ii/aoeiaee
ia??iae e?aa?ae?caoe?? noni?euenoaa o caaaeueiinithciiio ianooaa?.
Aeena?oaioea caa?oa? oaaao ia oa, ui ia oa?aiao Cao?aeii? Oe?a?ie iiaeia
i?inoaaeeoe aeaa aoaie oeueiai i?ioeano.

Ia?oee i?eiaaea? ia /an ??ceiai iiaeaaaeaiiy noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai
aeeooy a e?a?, aeeeeeaiiai ia o?eueee nia?oth Noae?ia oa ii/aoeii
caaaeueii? e?aa?ae?caoe?? a N?N?, a e iiyaith „Aeiiia?aeii? caienee» E.
Aa??? aei OeE EI?N a?ae 16 o?aaiy 1953 ?., a ye?e aeaoaeueii
aiae?coaaeiny noaiiaeua a cao?aeiioe?a?inueeiio ?aa?ii?. O aeieoiaio?
iaaiaeeeeny aee?eaaeuei? ca nai?th noooth oaeoe i?i iania? ?ai?an??
uiaei cao?aeiiai oe?a?inoaa, i?i iie?oeeo ?oneo?eaoe??. Ia i?aenoaa?
noaoenoe/ieo aeaieo i?i e?euee?noue i?noeaaeo ? i?e?aeaeaeeo eaae??a a
oi?aae?inueeeo no?oeoo?ao ?iaeany aeniiaie i?i oe?eani?yiiaaio
aeene?ei?iaoe?th ianaeaiiy Cao?aeii? Oe?a?ie.

Oeth ?ioi?iaoe?th aoei ni?eeiyoi a ?aa?ii? ye ii/aoie aeaiie?aoecaoe?? ?
i?aeoe/iiai aeei??iaiiy iaea?eueo iae?icieo iane?aee?a aioo??oiuei?
iie?oeee ?aaeeio. Oiio iaaiai?aiiy aeiiia?aeii?, anoia?a/ aaaeaiith
aea?aeaaiiai ? ia?o?eiiai ea??aieoeoaa, ia?aoai?eeiny ia can?a
canoaeaeaiiy nenoaie a oe?eiio, ia yne?aao aeaiiino?aoe?th aioiaiino?
cao?aeiioe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa aei aeiei??iieo ci?i o
a?iiaaenueei-iie?oe/iiio aeeoo?.

I?ioyaii ei?ioeiai /ano a ?yae? onoaiia oa i?aai?caoe?e, iniaeeai
?aeaieia?/ieo, aoei ?icii/aoi ?ic?iaeo i?ia?aie aei?aaeaiiy noaiiaeua.
Ia?aaeaa/aeiny aenoiaiiy ia ea??ai? iinaaee i?aaenoaaiee?a i?noeaaiai
ianaeaiiy oa caeo/aiiy aei ia?o?eii-ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?
cao?aeiioe?a?inueei? ?ioae?aaioe??, oe?oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oe?a?inueei?
iiae oiui.

Iaeiae a?eueo?noue ??oaiue ia aoei aeeiiaii. I?ney a?aooo E. Aa??? —
oaeoe/iiai ?i?oe?aoi?a oeeo iiae?e — ?icii/eia?oueny ae?oaee aoai
e?aa?ae?caoe?? a Cao?aei?e Oe?a?i?, yeee nooo?ai a?ae??ciyany a?ae
iiia?aaeiueiai ianaiia?aae a?aenooi?noth ?aaeeeaeueieo aeniiae?a ?
iaa?aaei?noth io?oe?eii cae?enithaaieo caoiae?a. Oiai/ania
noni?eueii-iie?oe/ia aeeooy ?aa?iio oa?aeoa?ecoaaeiny aeayeith
aeaicia/i?noth. C iaeiiai aieo, iiia?aaei? ooaaee uiaei iie?auaiiy
noaiiaeua a e?a? io?oe?eii ia neaniaoaaeenue, a c ae?oaiai — naieoe?? ia
?o ao?eaiiy a?ae ia?o?eii? aa?o?aee oaae ia iaaeoiaeeee.

Ie??i oiai, ooieoe?iia?e ??cieo ??ai?a iaiaaaeeny yeiiiaa oaeaeoa
„a?ae?aeoeny» ye a?ae naiiai Aa???, oae ? a?ae o/ano? a iaaiai?aii?
aeiiia?aeii?. Iaaaaeai? o aeieoiaio? oaeoe iaieiooaaeenue
i?iaieaoe?eieie, ni?yiiaaieie ia ?iciaethaaiiy i?aeiaoe?iiaeueii?
ai?iaeia/? e iineaaeaiiy iiceoe?e ia?o?? a ?aa?ii?.

Oe? iiae?? nooo?ai caaaeueioaaee iiaeaaaeaiiy noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai
aeeooy, iaeiae coieieoe i?ioean aoei aaea iaiiaeeeai. Ianaiia?aae
iioeoioeany a??a a iaii?ooi?noue iae?icieo ii?yaee?a, ianaaeaeoaaieo o
noae?inuee? /ane, ui cana?ae/eee /eneaii? aioe?aaeeii? i?iyae.
Aeoea?coaaea naith ae?yeuei?noue cao?aeiioe?a?inueea ?ioae?aaioe?y, aei
eaa yei? i?ney ii/aoeo ?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo i?ioean?a iiaa?ioeiny c
oa`yciaiiy ? caneaiiy /eiaei aeaeaoieo ae?y/?a iaoee oa eoeueoo?e.

Oi/a ia?o?eii-aea?aeaai? no?oeoo?e ia a?aeiiaeeeny a?ae noae?inueeeo
iaoiae?a ea??aieoeoaa ?aa?iiii, ui i?iyaeeiny o i?iaeiaaeaii? ?ai?an?e
uiaei aeoeaieo o/aniee?a iaoe?iiaeueiiai ?ooo, o i?aeoe/i?e iaci?iiino?
eaae?iai? oa iaoe?iiaeueii? iie?oeee, ana ae iiaeaaaeaiiy
noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai aeeooy o ae?oa?e o?aoei? 50-o ??. ia`?eoeaii
ni?eyei iineaaeaiith oeneo oioae?oa?iiai ?aaeeio a Cao?aei?e Oe?a?i?.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? ?iaioe „?icai?oaiiy aeanoae?i?caoe?eieo i?ioean?a»
aiae?cothoueny caoiaee iiaiai e?aie?anueeiai ea??aieoeoaa uiaei
iiaeieaiiy aeayeeo iane?aee?a noae?inueei? aioo??oiuei? iie?oeee. Aiiaae
oeeo i?ioean?a i?eiaa ia ia??iae a?aee?eoi? e?eoeee noae?i?cio, yeee
?icii/aany c 1956 ?.

C?i?oe?eiaaia cai?e aeanoae?i?caoe?y ia ca/aieea ooiaeaiaioaeueieo
i?eioeei?a ?aaeyinueeiai ea??aieoeoaa a cao?aeiiio ?aa?ii? Oe?a?ie.
Eoeiny, aieiaiei /eiii, i?i iai??e oaeineiiaeaiiy ?aaeyinueei?
iie?oe/ii? nenoaie oa cae?eniaiiy ?yaeo caoiae?a uiaei ?aaa?e?oaoe??
ie?aieo a?oi ?ai?aniaaieo.

O ia?oiio ia?aa?ao? aeine?aeaeo?oueny iie?oe/ia aeeooy
cao?aeiioe?a?inueeiai ?aa?iio. A ie?aneaiee ia??iae o iueiio
a?aeia?aceeeny caaaeuei? oaiaeaioe?? ni?ia ?aoi?ioaaiiy iie?oe/ii?
ia?aaeeaie ?aaeyinueeiai noni?euenoaa.

I?eeiyo? o 50-o ??. caeiiiaeaa/? aeoe uiaei „?icoe?aiiy iiaiiaaaeaiue»
ieciaeo eaiie eiiia?o?eii? ???a?o?? ? i?aaenoaaieoeueeeo i?aai?a aeaaee,
cie?aia iinoaiiaa OeE EI?N a?ae 22 n?/iy 1957 ?. „I?i iie?auaiiy
ae?yeueiino? ?aae aeaiooao?a o?oaeyueo oa iineeaiiy ?o ca`yceo c
ianaie», ?yae ?ioeo o?yaeiaeo ? ia?o?eieo ooaae, ? ao?oeeaa
ae?yeuei?noue uiaei ao?eaiiy ?o o aeeooy, i/aaeaeii, iiaeii? aoee noaoe
?ethno?aoe??th „aeoea?caoe??» iniiaieo eaiie ?aaeyinueei? iie?oe/ii?
nenoaie.

Ia oii? oaei? ae?yeueiino? neooaoe?y a cao?aeiiio ?aa?ii? oe?a?ie
oa?aeoa?ecoaaeany ?yaeii niaoeeo?/ieo iniaeeainoae. Ianaiia?aae iaeaea
ia ci?ieeeny canaaee oi?ioaaiiy ei?iono oi?aae?inueeeo eaae??a o
?aa?ii?. *anoea i?noeaaiai ianaeaiiy o neeaae? ia?o?eii-aea?aeaaii?
ath?ie?ao??, aeiiouaii? aei cae?eniaiiy iie?oe/ii? aeaaee, caeeoaeany
i?ca?iith. Iniaeeai oea noinoaaeiny iinaae iiiaieeaoo?e OeE EIO, aea
oeae iieaciee o ae?oa?e iieiaei? 50-o ??. ia ia?aaeuoaaa 12-15%.
Iie?oe/ia iaaeia??a aei cao?aeieo oe?a?ioe?a acaaae?, iacaeaaeii a?ae
nooiaiy ?o eiyeueiino? ?aaeeiia?, caeeoaeany aecia/aeueiei i?eioeeiii
iie?oeee ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee a ?aa?ii?.

I?ae ieeueiei iaaeyaeii oeaio?o i?iaeiaaeoaaee caeeoaoeny
cao?aeiioe?a?inuee? eiiia?o?ei? no?oeoo?e, i?aaenoaaieoeuee? oa
a?iiaaenuee? i?aai?caoe??. Iniaeeai aei?noeiio eiio?ieth oa
?aaeaiaioaoe?? i?aeeyaaea ae?yeuei?noue i?noeaaeo ?aae.
Ia?o?eii-aea?aeaai? ?inoaioe?? ?aoaeueii ia?aa??yee oa ocaiaeaeoaaee
oaenoe aeiiia?aeae, ye? i?iaieiooaaeeny ia can?aeaiiyo, ?ic?iaeyee
noeaia??? i?iaaaeaiiy nan?e oiui. ?iaeoa eaaeo/e, on? ni?iae
?aoi?ioaaiiy iie?oe/ii? nenoaie ia oa?aiao Cao?aeii? Oe?a?ie caeeoaeeny
eeoa aeaeei?noth aeaiie?aoecaoe?? ?aaeeio, iicaye i?aaey/a
ia?o?eii-aea?aeaaia aa?o?aea ia iiaea iiaiaeeoeny ia iineaaeaiiy
iaaeyaeo ca „iaiie??iei» ?aa?iiii.

Ae?oaee ia?aa?ao i?enay/aiee aeine?aeaeaiith ?aaa?e?oaoe?eiiai i?ioeano
a Cao?aei?e Oe?a?i?, yeee ni?aaea iaeiiooaei?oee aieea ia
noni?eueii-iie?oe/io neooaoe?th a ?aa?ii?.

Ia ii/aoie 50-o ??. o oaai?ao ? eieii?yo AOOAAo oa ia niaoeiinaeaiiyo
caeeoaeiny iiiaae 200 oen. cao?aeieo oe?a?ioe?a. Ia?aaeyae ni?aa aea?oa
?ai?an?e ?icii/aany oaea iaaaeiac? i?ney nia?o? aeeeoaoi?a. Oea aoea
naeaeoeaia ?aaa?e?oaoe?y ie?aieo ia?o?eieo ? aea?aeaaieo ae?y/?a. Aeey
a?eueoino? ?ai?aniaaieo cao?aeieo oe?a?ioe?a ii/aoie ?aaa?e?oaoe??
aeaoo?oueny o?aaiai 1954 ?., eiee ooaaeith o?yaeo aoei ?icii/aoi
ia?aaeyae ni?aa niaoei?aenoaeiino?, a oiio /ene? ii „eiio??aaiethoe?eieo
noaooyo». Na?aae ia?oeo ?aaa?e?oiaaieo iaoeaioe?a cao?aeieo iaeanoae
O?N? aoee i?aaenoaaieee ?ioae?aaioe??, naeyie-„eo?eoe?», nayuaieee
OAEOe. Iaeiae ia caeioaa/aieo a „oe?a?inueeiio ao?aeoaciiio
iaoe?iiae?ci?», ye? noaiiaeee iniiaio /anoeio ?ai?aniaaieo,
?aaa?e?oaoe?y ia iioe?thaaeanue. Ioiae, oaea ia?o? e?iee uiaei
iiaeieaiiy iane?aee?a noae?inueei? aioo??oiuei? iie?oeee
i?iaeaiiino?oaaee, ui aeii?ioth/ei i?eioeeiii ?aaa?e?oaoe?? noaa
e?eoa??e iie?oe/ii? eiyeueiino? nenoai?. Oea nooo?ai iaiaaeoaaei
?aaa?e?oaoe?ei? i?ioeane, iniaeeai a cao?aeiiio ?aa?ii? Oe?a?ie, aea ia
e?iaoeue aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ia??iaeo iaeaea 25% ?ai?aniaaieo o
noae?inuee? /ane i?iaeiaaeoaaee caeeoaoeny a i?noeyo oa`yciaiiy.

C aanie 1956 ?ieo a ?aa?ii? ?icii/aany iiaee aoai ?aaa?e?oaoe?eiiai
i?ioeano, iciaeith yeiai noaei ca?eueiaiiy ?ai?aniaaieo „ca
iaoe?iiae?ci». Iaeiae iaeaea iaeii/anii o noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiio aeeoo?
Cao?aeii? Oe?a?ie ii/eiathoue i?iyaeyoeny oaiaeaioe??, aiae?c yeeo aea?
i?aenoaae oaa?aeeoe i?i /anoeiaa cai?oaiiy e?aa?ae?caoe?eieo i?ioean?a.
Ainaie 1956 ?. ?icii/aeiny caeiiiaeaa/a ioi?ieaiiy
iaiaaeoaaeueii-aeene?ei?iaoe?eii? iie?oeee uiaei /anoeie ?aaa?e?oiaaieo
cao?aeieo oe?a?ioe?a. Inoaii?i caai?iiyeiny iiaa?oaoeny o cao?aei?
iaeano? O?N? i?ae caa?icith e?ei?iaeueiiai ia?ane?aeoaaiiy. A?eueoa
oiai, aei in?a, ye? aaea inaeeeeny o ??aeieo i?noeyo, o ?yae? aeiaaee?a
canoiniaoaaeiny i?eioniaa aenaeaiiy, a /anoeio ?aaa?e?oiaaieo „aeoeaieo
o/aniee?a» ? „ea??aiee?a iaoe?iiae?noe/iiai i?aei?eey» aoei iiaa?iooi ia
niaoeiinaeaiiy ye ca?eueiaieo „ia?aae/anii» ? „iaia??oioiaaii». O 1957
?. aeey i?aai?caoe?? „aeaeai?aiiy iaaaaeaieo aeaiaio?a» ca iaae? ?aa?iio
a iaeanoyo aoei noai?aii niaoe?aeuei? eii?n??.

Ona oea noaei aeyaii niaoeeo?/iino? ?aaa?e?oaoe?eiiai i?ioeano a
cao?aeiiio ?aa?ii? Oe?a?ie, ui e iicia/eeiny ia iniaeeainoyo
noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai aeeooy a e?a?. Neeaaeiaith oeueiai i?ioeano aoea
? ?aaa?e?oaoe?y eieeoi?o /eai?a EICO, cia/io /anoeio yeeo caiaeii aoei
iiiiaeaii a ia?o??.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? „Aioe?aaeeiiee ?oo» aeine?aeaeo?oueny
ae?yeuei?noue cao?aeiioe?a?inueei? iiiceoe?? a 50-60-o ??.

O ?on? iii?o ia oa?aiao cao?aeieo iaeanoae Oe?a?ie i?inoaaeo?oueny
e?eueea aoai?a, ye? a?aeoai?ththoue oe?e?nio ea?oeio aaiethoe??
aioe?aaeyinueei? iiiceoe?? a ?aa?ii?: a?ae ca?ieieo oi?ioaaiue
„ioi?anueei-oi?anueeiai» oeio oa „ia?ao?aeieo a?oi» aei eeane/iiai
aeeneaeaionoaa 60-o ??.

O ia?oiio ia?aa?ao? ?icaeyaea?oueny ci?ia oaeoeee iiiceoe??, ?? ia?ao?ae
a?ae ca?ieii? ai?ioueae aei noai?aiiy „ia?ao?aeieo» a?oi. Ii/aoie
aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ia??iaeo ca?any c i?ee?ioeaaith oacith „ca?ieiiai»
aoaio a ?on? iii?o Cao?aeii? Oe?a?ie. Oi/a ua i?ioyaii e?eueeio ?ie?a
iaoe?iiae?noe/ia i?aei?eey aoei ae?yeueiei, iaeiae ona i/aaeaei?oith
noaaaea aacia?niaeoeai?noue ca?ieiiai i?ioenoiyiiy ia?aaaaeath/ei neeai
a?enueeiai-iie?oe?eii? aea?aeaae.

?ica?ii ia?aae? IOI ? OIA o 1955-1956 ??. ia cieuea ?aea? i?ioenoiyiiy
aeaae?, aea i?iaeeeooaaa ci?io oaeoeee ? iaoiae?a ai?ioueae. I?iyaii
oeueiai noaei aeieeiaiiy o ?aa?ii? aioe?aaeeiieo a?oi oa i?aai?caoe?e,
ca iniiaieie e?eoa??yie ye?nii a?aei?iieo a?ae „noa?iai»
iaoe?iiae?noe/iiai i?aei?eey, iaeiae aaiaoe/ii iia`ycaieo c iei, —
„ia?ao?aeieo» a?oi. ?o ae?yeuei?noth ?icii/aany iiaee aoai
aioe?aaeeiiiai ?ooo, yeee oiiaii iiaeia ie?aneeoe ae?oaith o?aoeiith
50-o — ia?oith iieiaeiith 60-o ??. Oa?aeoa?iei aeey iueiai ? ii?aeiaiiy
ca?ieiiai iii?o ?aaeeiia? ? ie?ieo i?iiaaaiaeenonueeeo iaoiae?a
ai?ioueae.

Iiaee aoai iaei??th c ia?oeo ?ai?acaiooaaea iieiae?aeia iaoe?iiae?noe/ia
a?oia, yea a 1952-1954 ??. ae?yea ia Aieei?. Aoaeo/e ia/eneaiiith ?
ia?aaoaath/e ia ii/aoeia?e oac? i?aai?caoe?eii? iiaoaeiae, a?oia
oaeoe/ii a?aeiiaeeany a?ae ca?ieii? ai?ioueae ? caa?ioeany aei ?ioeo
iaoiae?a ae?yeueiino? (aiii?ii? „i?ioanoi?» aeoe??, iioe?aiiy
iaoe?iiae?noe/ii? e?oa?aoo?e, i?iiaaaiaea iaoe?iiaeueieo ?aeae oiui).

Aeaui ?ioi? oaeoeee aeio?eioaaeeny „Ia`?aeiaia ia?o?y aecaieaiiy
Oe?a?ie», ui ae?yea a 1953-1958 ??. ia Noai?neaauei?, Caea?iaonueea
iieiae?aeia i?aai?caoe?y „A?eueia aaa?ae?y» (1956 ?.), „Oe?a?inueea
iaoe?iiae?noe/ia i?aai?caoe?y ?i. N. Aaiaea?e», yea aoea noai?aia o
Euea?anuee?e iaeano? e i?i?nioaaea aei 1961 ?. Aeiiaaath/enue
aea?aeaaii? iacaeaaeiino? Oe?a?ie, caaaeai? a?oie ia aeeeth/aee
iiaeeeaino? canoinoaaiiy ca?ieii? neee ? cae?eniaiiy aeeaa?n?eieo
oa?i?enoe/ieo aeo?a, ui ?noioii iaaeeaeoaaei ?o aei o?aaeeoe?e ai?ioueae
IOI-OIA.

A?eueo iine?aeiaiith aoea ae?yeuei?noue Oe?a?inueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai
eii?oaoo, yeee ae?ya ia Euea?auei? a 1959-1961 ??. OIE iaa aeineoue
aenieee ??aaiue i?aai?caoe?eii? iiaoaeiae, ?icaaeoaeaio ia?aaeo ieciaeo
no?oeoo?ieo eaiie. I?ia?aia i?aai?caoe?? aecia/aea oi?ie ? iaoiaee
ai?ioueae, aenoaath/e ia ia?oa i?noea i?iiaaaiaeenonueeo ae?yeuei?noue,
aea caeeoath/e ca niaith i?aai o aeiyoeiaeo aeiaaeeao nei?enoaoeny
ca?i?th.

Noai?aiee a Aaee/ei? Oe?a?inueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee o?iio aeoeaio
ae?yeuei?noue ?icai?ioa o „aeeneaeaionuee?» 60-o? ??. Iaeiae
aeine?aeaeaiiy eiioeaiooaeueieo iiaeyae?a i?aai?caoe?? aea? i?aenoaae
aaaaeaoe OIO oeiiaei i?aaenoaaieeii „ia?ao?aeieo» a?oi. Aieiaiith iaoith
i?aai?caoe?? aoei ooaa?aeaeaiiy naiino?eii? Oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae
oeyoii aa?oaoe?? ca aeo?ae Oe?a?ie c? neeaaeo N?N?. ?acii c oei OIO ia
a?aeiiaeyany a?ae canoinoaaiiy ca iaaieo ianoaaei ? iaoiae?a ca?ieii?
ai?ioueae.

Ae?yeuei?noue „ia?ao?aeieo» a?oi aoea nai???aeiei „ciiaeoaaiiyi»
?aaeyinueei? i?neynoae?inueei? ae?eniino? ia i?aaeiao iiooeo
iae?aoe?iiaeuei?oeo oi?i iiiceoe??.

Ae?oaee ia?aa?ao i?enay/aiee aeine?aeaeaiith ye?nii iiaiai aoaio
aaiethoe?? cao?aeiioe?a?inueei? iiiceoe??, yeei aoa aeeneaeaionueeee
?oo. Iaei??th c ia?aaeoiia ia?aoiaeo aioe?aaeeiiiai ?ooo aei
„iaio?oe?eii iiiceoe?eieo», iai?aeaaaeueieo oi?i ai?ioueae noaei
/anoeiaa cieaeaiiy nooiaiy oioae?oa?ecaoe?? noni?euenoaa, coiiaeaia
o?ouianueeeie ?aoi?iaie. Aeey iiaiai aoaio oa?aeoa?iith noaea ci?ia oi?i
? iaoiae?a i?ioenoiyiiy ?aaeeiia?, iaeiioe?ai?oeie c yeeo noaee
a?iiaaenuee? aeoe??, a oaeiae iioe?aiiy naiaeaeaaieo i?aoeue. Nooo?ai
ci?ieeany ? nioe?aeueia no?oeoo?a iiiceoe??: ca?eueoeeany ieoiia aaaa
?ioae?aaioe??, yea cae??ieea ca niaith i?ia?aei? iiceoe??. Ii/aoeii
iiaiai aoaio noaea ae?yeuei?noue Oe?a?inueei? ?ia?oie/i-naeyinueei?
ni?eee. Aiae?c i?ia?aiieo aeieoiaio?a i?aai?caoe?? yeiaeiiai?oa
?ethno?o? eiioeaiooaeuei? iiaeyaee cao?aeiioe?a?inueeeo iiiceoe?iia??a
ia aeeneaeaionueeiio aoai?. E?ioeaaith iaoith ni?eea i?iaieiooaaea
noai?aiiy iacaeaaeii? Oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae, aeinyaiooe /iai
ia?aaeaa/aeiny aeeeth/ii eiinoeoooe?eieie iaoiaeaie. Oei naiei O?NN
caii/aoeoaaea iiaee, „aace?iaiee» aoai iaoe?iiaeueii-aecaieueieo
ciaaaiue.

Aaaeeeaith neeaaeiaith ?ooo iii?o a 60-o ??. aoea ae?yeuei?noue
o?noaeanyoiee?a, ui ciaiaioaaea niaith /anoeiao eaaae?caoe?th iiiceoe??.
Oe?iea aeei?enoaiiy o?noaeanyoieeaie aeey i?iiaaaiaee nai?o ?aeae
io?oe?eieo, aeicaieaieo aeaaeieie no?oeoo?aie caoiae?a (aa/i?e,
eiioea?oe, tha?eaei? aeaoe oiui) iaaeaaaei cao?aeiioe?a?inueeiio ?ooia?
iii?o eoeueoo?ieoeueei-i?ina?oieoeueeeo ?en. Iaeiae, ia a?aei?io a?ae
aiaeia?/ieo oaiaeaioe?e a aioe?aaeeiiiio ?on? Iaaeaei?i?yinueei?
Oe?a?ie, cao?aeiioe?a?inueea eoeueoo?ieoeoai ia a?aenooiaei a?ae
aea?aeaaii-naiino?eieoeueeeo ?aeaae?a. Aeii?ioaaiiy o eiioeaiooaeueieo
iiaeyaeao i?noeaaeo iiiceoe?iia??a iie?oe/ieo ?aeae coiiaethaaeiny
ianaiia?aae aenieei ??aiai iaoe?iiaeueii? na?aeiiino? ? no?eeeie
iie?oe/ieie o?aaeeoe?yie cao?aeiiai oe?a?inoaa, noi?iiaaieie o oiae?
aaaaoi??/ii? ai?ioueae c ?aaeeiii.

C?inoaiiy ianiai? noni?eueii-iie?oe/ii? aeoeaiino? aeeeeeaei
caiaiiei?iiy ia?o?eii-aea?aeaaiiai ea??aieoeoaa. C e?ioey 1962 ?. aoei
?icai?iooi ?aeaieia?/io eaiiai?th ia?ane?aeoaaiiy iie?oe/ii? iiiceoe??,
yea cae?i/eeany noaeiaith ?ici?aaith 1965-1966 ??. ? i?iaeaiiino?oaaea
?aaeuei? iai??e i?neynoae?inueeiai ea??aieoeoaa uiaei „icaei?iaeaiiy»
noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai aeeooy Oe?a?ie oa ?? cao?aeiiai ?aa?iio.

Aiae?cia? noaiiaeua ?ae?a?? oa oea?eae a e?a? i?enay/aiee i`yoee ?icae?e
„Oea?eiaii-?ae?a?eia aeeooy».

Aea?aeaaii-oea?eiai? a?aeiineie aoee aaaeeeaith neeaaeiaith
noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai aeeooy cao?aeiioe?a?inueeiai ?aa?iio a ie?aneaiee
ia??iae.

O ia?oiio ia?aa?ao? aeine?aeaeo?oueny oea?eiaii-?ae?a?eia neooaoe?y, yea
neeaeany a e?a? o ae?oa?e o?aoei? 50-o ??. O?aaeeoe?ei? iniaeeaino?
aeooiaiiai aeeooy cao?aeieo oe?a?ioe?a iieyaaee o aeciaii?
i??i?eoaoiino? caaaeueiiethaenueeeo i???ioaoe?e, niia?aeoaaieo
?ae?a??th, ia?aae eeaniaeie, iie?oe/ieie oe?iiinoyie oa aeiaiaie, ui
coiiaethaaei i?oei? iiceoe?? oea?eiaieo ?inoeooo?a o ?aa?ii?. Ia
cao?aei? iaeano? i?eiaaeaea iaeaea iieiaeia ca?a?no?iaaieo o ?anioae?oe?
?ae?a?eieo a?iiaae. Niaoeeo?/iith aeey ?aa?iio aoea aeniea ?ae?a?ei?noue
ianaeaiiy, ui coiiaethaaei cia/iee a?aenioie cae?enithaaieo o e?a?
?ae?a?eieo ia?yae?a.

I?ney io?oe?eii? e?ea?aeaoe?? o 1946-1949 ??. Oe?a?inueei?
a?aei-eaoieeoeueei? oea?eae ? ia?aoiaeo inoaiiuei? o aeeaiea i?aei?eey,
i?ia?aei? iiceoe?? a aeooiaiiio aeeoo? ?aa?iio caeiyea ?onueea
i?aaineaaia oea?eaa. Iaeiae o ?yae? iaeanoae, aea i?aaineaa`y
o?aaeeoe?eii ia iaei cia/iiai aieeao, a ia?o?e iieiaei? 50-o ??. c?inea
e?euee?noue a?iiaae ?ae?a?eieo eiioan?e, a?aeianaieo ?aaeyinueeith
?aeaieia??th aei naeoaionoaa. O Euea?anuee?e, Caea?iaonuee?e ?
*a?i?aaoeuee?e iaeanoyo iniaeeaee aieea iaee ?eii-eaoieeoeueea ?
?aoi?iaonueea oea?eaa, a oaeiae a?iiaaee aaeaaioeno?a nueiiiai aeiy.
?iaaiueia noaea ina?aaeeii ?aaiaaeuenueeeo o?enoeyi-aaioeno?a. C
iaeaaaeueieo ?ae?a?eieo iai?yi?a o Cao?aei?e Oe?a?i? iaea?eueoiai
iioe?aiiy iaaoee „i`yoeaeanyoieee» oa „na?aeee aiaa ?aiae».

C inai? 1955 ?. na?aae /eiiee?a aeoea?caoe?? noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai
aeeooy ?aa?iio ii/aea ciiao c?inoaoe ?ieue OAEOe. Oea aoei coiiaeaii
ianiaei iiaa?iaiiyi o ?aa?ii aiane?aeie ?aaa?e?oaoe?eiiai i?ioeano
oi?aonueeeo nayuaiee?a. O Aaee/ei? aeoea?coaaeany ae?yeuei?noue
„iaaicc`?aeiaiiai» aeooiaainoaa. Iiae?aia neooaoe?y aeeeeeaea
caiaiiei?iiy ye ia?o?eii-?aaeyinueeiai ea??aieoeoaa, oae ? Iineianueei?
iao??a?o??, aaeaea caa?iaeoaaea naiia?aeiiaeaiiyi a?aei-eaoieeoeueei?
oea?eae. Oiio a 1956 ?. aoei ?ic?iaeaii caoiaee uiaei inoaoi/iiai
i?eieiaiiy ae?yeueiino? OAEOe. Nayuaiee?a-oi?ao?a, ye? iaeaaaeueii
a?aei?aaeyee neoaeao ? cae?enithaaee ?ae?a?ei? ia?yaee, i?aeaeaaaee
e?ei?iaeueiiio ia?ane?aeoaaiith, canoiniaoaaee Oeac I?aceae?? Aa?oiaii?
?aaee N?N? a?ae 23 eeiiy 1951 ?. „I?i caoiaee ai?ioueae c
aioea?iiaaenueeeie ia?aceoe/ieie aeaiaioaie» oa ?yae caoiae?a „ii e?i??
?IOe». Iiaa oaeey ?ai?an?e uiaei oi?aonueeiai aeooiaainoaa, a oaeiae
iie?oe/ia ia?ane?aeoaaiiy iaeaieeaia?oeo a?aei-eaoieeoeueeeo ?ieneii?a
i?ecaaea o 1957 ?. aei cai?oaiiy eaaaeueii? ae?yeueiino? OAEOe.

O ae?oaiio ia?aa?ao? aeena?oaioea aeine?aeaeo? o?ae aioeoea?eiaii?
eaiiai?? 1958-1964 ??., yea o Cao?aei?e Oe?a?i? iaea aeaa aoaie. O
1958-1960 ??. aioeoea?eiai? caoiaee ooo ia iaaoee oaeeo ianooaa?a, ye o
oe?eiio a Oe?a?i?. ?c caaaeueii? e?eueeino? e?ea?aeiaaieo o ?anioae?oe?
?ae?a?eieo a?iiaae /anoea cao?aeieo iaeanoae noaiiaeea aeecueei 10%.
I?e/eia „iniaeeaiai i?aeoiaeo» aei oeueiai ?aa?iio aoea coiiaeaia
aenieith ?ae?a?eiith na?aeii?noth oe?ieeo ian ianaeaiiy ? oiio
?aaeeeaeuei? iaiaaeoaaeuei? caoiaee iiaee aeeeeeaoe ooo caaaeueia
iaaaeiaieaiiy. Ia e?iaoeue 50-o ??. 46,5% on?o ca?a?no?iaaieo a Oe?a?i?
oea?eiaieo iauei ciaoiaeeeeny naia o cao?aeieo iaeanoyo. Ii??aiyii
iacia/ia nei?i/aiiy e?eueeino? a?iiaae o ?aa?ii? i?ecaaei ia ii/aoeo
60-o ??. aei nooo?aeo aeeni?iii?oe?e o ?ici?uaii? inoaii?o i?ae
Cao?aeiith ? No?aeiith Oe?a?iith. Oiio a oiae? ae?oaiai aoaio
aioeoea?eiaii? eaiiai??, yeee ?icii/aany ?c n?/iy 1961 ?., iniiaiei
caaaeaiiyi noaei onoiaiiy oeeo aeeni?iii?oe?e. Ai?ioueaa c ?ae?a??th o
cao?aeiiio ?aa?ii? aaeany iniaeeai aei?noei. Na?aae iaeiioe?ai?oeo
iaoiae?a — ciyooy i?ae aoaeue-yeei i?eaiaeii c ?a?no?aoe?? ?ae?a?eieo
a?iiaae; a?aeeeeeaiiy i?noeaaeie oiiaiiaaaeaieie ?aaee o ni?aaao ?IOe /e
?aaee o ni?aaao ?ae?a?e neoaeeoae?a eoeueoo; i?eioooaaiiy a??oth/eo aei
aeoiaeo c? neeaaeo oea?eiaieo i?aai?a i?ae caa?icith aaei?i?no?aoeaieo
naieoe?e oiui. Neeaaeiaith eaiiai?? aoea e?ea?aeaoe?y iiianoe??a,
oeaio??a iaeiiieoeoaa — oae caaieo „nayoeo i?noeue» ? ina?aaee?a
aeooiaii? ina?oe.

Caaaeueiei i?aenoieii aioeoea?eiaiiai iioiaeo a ?aa?ii? noaea ao?aoa
aeecueei iieiaeie ae?th/eo i?aaineaaieo o?ai?a, 51% naeoaionueeeo
i?aai?caoe?e, 16 ?c 20 iiianoe??a ? neeo?a. Aoei cae?eoi ?aeeiee a
?aa?ii? oeaio? aeooiaii? ina?oe — Aieeinueeo nai?ia??th, e?ea?aeiaaii
on? i?noey iaeiiieoeoaa oa ?i.

Ianaeaiiy ?aa?iio ao?oeeai ?aaaoaaei ia aioeoea?eiai? caoiaee aeanoae.
*eneaii? iaoeoe?? ? nea?ae o iaeaeu? aea?aeaai? ?inoaioe??,
aaaaoiethaei? c?a?aiiy, ui ia?a?inoaee o ianaieoe?iiiaai? i?oeiae,
i?aai?caoe?y oe?eiaeiaiaeo /a?aoaaiue a?ey ua ia a?ae?a?aieo iiianoe??a
? o?ai?a — oaeeie aoee oi?ie ? iaoiaee i?ioenoiyiiy aioe?ae?a?eiei ae?yi
ia?o?eii-?aaeyinueeeo i?aai?a aeaaee.

O i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy oaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aaoi? ae?eoia
oaeeo aeniiae?a:

1. Noni?eueii-iie?oe/iee ?icaeoie Cao?aeii? Oe?a?ie o 50-o — ia ii/aoeo
60-o ??. oa?aeoa?ecoaaany ?yaeii niaoeeo?/ieo ?en, ui aoee coiiaeai?
nai???aei?noth ?noi??? e?ath a ?aaeyinueeee ia??iae. Ia ii/aoeo 50-o ??.
caaa?oeany i?ioean noaiiaeaiiy ?aaeyinueei? oioae?oa?ii? nenoaie a
?aa?ii?. I?iyaii eiai noaa ianiaee oa?i?, ?ai?an?? oe?eeo nioe?aeueieo
a?oi — ?ioae?aaioe??, aeooiaainoaa, naeyi. Neeaaeiaeie oeueiai i?ioeano
aoea iie?oe/ia iaaeia??a aei ei??iiiai ianaeaiiy, ui noaei iniiaith
eaae?iai? iie?oeee, caneeey o i?iieneiaeo oeaio?ao „?in?enueeiiiaiiai
aeaiaioo», oioaeueia ?oneo?eaoe?y oiui.

2. Aeanoae?i?caoe?y ? e?aa?ae?caoe?y ia oa?aiao Cao?aeii? Oe?a?ie
i?ieoea aeaa aoaie. Ia ia?oiio (o?aaaiue-/a?aaiue 1953 ?.) ??ceiio
iiaeaaaeaiith noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai aeeooy ni?eyei iaia?iaeoaaiiy
„Aeiiia?aeii? caienee i?i noaiiaeua o cao?aeieo iaeanoyo O?N?» E. Aa???,
yeee i?noea aee?eaaeueio ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i ae?yeuei?noue ?aaeyinueei?
aeaaee a ?aa?ii?. ?? iaaiai?aiiy ia?aoai?eeiny ia can?a canoaeaeaiiy
nenoaie. I?ney a?aooo E.Aa??? a eeii? 1953 ?. ia?o?eii-aea?aeaaia
aa?o?aea iini?oii a?ae?aeeany a?ae oeueiai aeieoiaioa, caii/aoeoaaaoe
ae?oaee aoai e?aa?ae?caoe??. A?i oa?aeoa?ecoaaany iaiaaaiiyi aeaaee
no?eiaoe ia?inoaiiy noni?eueii-iie?oe/ii? aeoeaiino? a ?aa?ii?.

3. Aeanoae?i?caoe?ei? i?ioeane o Cao?aei?e Oe?a?i? i?iyaeeeny o ni?iaao
oaeineiiaeaiiy ?aaeyinueei? iie?oe/ii? nenoaie ca aeiiiiiaith aeayeiai
?icoe?aiiy iiaiiaaaeaiue ?? ieciaeo eaiie, ui ni?eyei iaaiiio
?icai?oaiith ?i?oe?aoeae ? iiaeaaaeaiith ae?yeueiino? i?noeaaeo ?aae oa
naiiae?yeueieo a?iiaaenueeeo i?aai?caoe?e. Iaeiae oeae i?ioean aoa
i?e?a/aiee ia iaaaea/o /a?ac iaii?ooi?noue iniia ae?th/iai iie?oe/iiai
iaoai?cio ? iaaaaeaiiy ia?o?eii-aea?aeaaieo ?inoaioe?e iineaaethaaoe
oioaeueiee eiio?ieue ca ae?yeuei?noth on?o eaiie iie?oe/ii? nenoaie.

4. Cia/iee aieea ia noni?eueii-iie?oe/io neooaoe?th a ?aa?ii? iaea
?aaa?e?oaoe?y cao?aeieo oe?a?ioe?a. Aeii?ioth/ei i?eioeeiii ?? noaa
e?eoa??e iie?oe/ii? eiyeueiino? nenoai?. Oeae i?ioean iaa ?yae
niaoeeo?/ieo iniaeeainoae. Oea, ianaiia?aae, ye?ni? a?aei?iiino? o
ianooaaao ?aaa?e?oaoe?? a ?aa?ii? ? e?a?i? a oe?eiio, a oaeiae o
oa?aeoa?? inoaiiuei? uiaei ??cieo eaoaai??e ?ai?aniaaieo. Aea??eia?noue
?aaa?e?oaoe?eiiai i?ioeano iniaeeai i?iyaeeany c ai?iaaaeaeaiiyi c inai?
1956 ?. iaiaaeoaaeueii-aeene?ei?iaoe?eii? iie?oeee uiaei /anoeie
?aaa?e?oiaaieo cao?aeieo oe?a?ioe?a. Oe? caoiaee iaee ia iao?
ia?aoeiaeeoe iiaeaaaeaiith iaoe?iiaeueieo aniaeo?a o noni?eueiiio aeeoo?
?aa?iio

5. Aeyaii aeoea?caoe?? noni?eueii-iie?oe/ii? neooaoe?? a ?aa?ii? aoea
ae?yeuei?noue iiiceoe??. ?oo iii?o a Cao?aei?e Oe?a?i? a 50-o — ia
ii/aoeo 60-o ??. i?ieoia e?eueea aoai?a, ye? a?aeia?aaeathoue eiai
aaiethoe?th: a?ae ca?ieieo oi?ioaaiue „ioi?anueei-oi?anueeiai» oeio oa
noai?aiiy „ia?ao?aeieo a?oi» aei eeane/iiai aeeneaeaionoaa 60-o ??.
Noaiiaeaiiy iiaeo aoai?a noi?iaiaeaeoaaeiny ?icoe?aiiyi nioe?aeueii?
aace iiiceoe?? ? ci?iith oaeoeee ae?yeueiino? a?ae aeeeth/ii ca?ieii?
ai?ioueae aei ii?aeiaiiy ca?ieieo ? i?iiaaaiaeenonueeeo iaoiae?a, a
caiaeii aei nooi ie?ieo eiinoeoooe?eieo ae?e.

6. Ia oea?eiaii-?ae?a?ei? i?ioeane a Cao?aei?e Oe?a?i? aieeioea
caaaeueia e?aa?ae?caoe?y ? iiaeaaaeaiiy noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai aeeooy a
?aa?ii?. Aei na?aaeeie 50-o ??. i?aeo?eioaaany iaaiee noaoon-eai o
a?aeiineiao aea?aeaae ? oea?eae. Iaeiae ?aaeueia ni?iaa eaaae?caoe??
Oe?a?inueei? a?aei-eaoieeoeueei? oea?eae i?ney iiaa?iaiiy ?aaa?e?oiaaieo
oi?aonueeeo nayuaiee?a ??cei aeoea?coaaea i?aaie aea?aeaaii? aeaaee ia
iineeaiiy eiio?ieth ca ae?yeuei?noth ?ae?a?eieo iauei. ?icii/aany iiaee
„aioeoi?aonueeee iio?ae», yeee noaa aeaiiino?aoe??th iai???a nenoaie
anoaiiaeoe eiio?ieue iaae aeooiaiei aeeooyi noni?euenoaa.

7. Niaoeeo?ea oea?eiaii-?ae?a?eiiai aeeooy Cao?aeii? Oe?a?ie ia ceai?
50-60-o ??. coiiaethaaeany, c iaeiiai aieo, oe?ieiianooaaiei
?icai?oaiiyi aioe?ae?a?eieo caoiae?a, a c ?ioiai — iii?ii
cao?aeiioe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa ae?yi i?aai?a aeaaee.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii a oaeeo iaoeiaeo
ioae?eaoe?yo aaoi?ee:

1. Ei?iaeei A. ?icaeoie iiiceoe?eiiai ?ooo ia cao?aeiioe?a?inueeeo
caieyo a 50-60-o ??. OO no. //Ca??iee iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/ieo ? iaoeiaeo
noaoae ?noi?e/iiai oaeoeueoaoo Aieeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo. —
Aei.2. — Eooeuee, 1997. — N.42-46.

2. Ei?iaeei A. I?ioean aeanoae?i?caoe?? ia cao?aeiioe?a?inueeeo caieyo
(1953-1964 ??.) // Iaoeiaee a?niee AAeO. ?noi??y. — 1997. — ?2. —
N.26-29.

3. Ei?iaeei A. Aioe?ae?a?eia eaiiai?y e?ioey 50-o — ii/aoeo 60-o ??. ia
Cao?aei?e Oe?a?i? // Iaoeia? caienee ani??aio?a: Ca??iee iaoe. i?aoeue.
— Aei.3. — Eooeuee, 1997. — N.25-30.

4. Ei?iaeei A. Oea?eiaii-?ae?a?eia neooaoe?y a cao?aeieo iaeanoyo O?N?
a na?aaeei? 50-o ?ie?a// Iaoeiaee a?niee AAeO. ?noi?e/i? iaoee. — 1998.
— ?1. — N.27-31.

Aiioaoe?y

Ei?iaeei A.I. Noni?eueii-iie?oe/iee ?icaeoie Oe?a?ie a 1953-1964 ??. (ia
iaoa??aeao cao?aeieo iaeanoae). — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 07.00.01 — ?noi??y Oe?a?ie. — ?inoeooo
oe?a?iiciaanoaa ?i. ?. E?ei`yeaae/a Iaoe?iiaeueii? aeaaeai?? iaoe
Oe?a?ie, Euea?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aeine?aeaeaiith ia?aa?ao noni?eueii-iie?oe/ieo
i?ioean?a o cao?aeiioe?a?inueeiio ?aa?ii? a 1953-1964 ??.

Aaoi?ea aiae?co? i?iyae aeoea?caoe?? noni?eueiiai aeeooy a e?a? o ia?oa
i?neynoae?inueea aeanyoe??//y, aeine?aeaeo? aieea ia oeae i?ioean
ciai?oi?o ? aioo??oi?o oaeoi??a.

O ?iaio? aena?oeaii iniaeeaino? aeanoae?i?caoe?eiiai i?ioeano a ?aa?ii?,
i?iaiae?ciaaii ni?iae aaeineiiaeaiiy ?aaeyinueei? iie?oe/ii? nenoaie,
aeine?aeaeaii niaoeeo?eo ?aaa?e?oaoe?? cao?aeieo oe?a?ioe?a. Cia/io
oaaao i?eae?eaii aiae?co aaiethoe?? cao?aeiioe?a?inueeiai aioe?aaeeiiiai
?ooo, cai?iiiiiaaii ia??iaeecaoe?th inoaiiueiai a?aeiia?aeii aei oi?i ?
iaoiae?a ae?yeueiino?. Aeena?oaioea aeine?aeaeo? iniaeeaino?
oea?eiaii-?ae?a?eiiai aeeooy e?ath, o?ae oe?ieiianooaaii? aioe?ae?a?eii?
eaiiai?? e?ioey 50-o — ia?oi? iieiaeie 60-o ??.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: noni?eueii-iie?oe/ia aeeooy, cao?aeiioe?a?inueeee
?aa?ii, aeanoae?i?caoe?y, ?aaeyinueea iie?oe/ia nenoaia,
?aaa?e?oaoe?eiee i?ioean, aioe?aaeeiiee ?oo, aea?aeaaii-oea?eiai?
a?aeiineie, aioe?ae?a?eia eaiiai?y.

Aiiioaoeey

Ei?iaeei A.A. Iauanoaaiii-iieeoe/aneia ?acaeoea Oe?aeiu a 1953-1964 aa.
(ia iaoa?eaeao caiaaeiuo iaeanoae). — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa enoi?e/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 07.00.01 — enoi?ey Oe?aeiu. — Einoeooo
oe?aeiiaaaeaiey ei. E. E?eiyeaae/a Iaoeeiiaeueiie aeaaeaiee iaoe
Oe?aeiu, Eueaia, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth oiaea iauanoaaiii-iieeoe/aneeo
i?ioeannia a caiaaeiioe?aeineii ?aaeiia a 1953-1964 aa.

Aaoi? aiaeece?oao i?iyaeaiey aeoeaecaoeee iauanoaaiiie aeecie a ia?aia
iineanoaeeieia aeanyoeeaoea, enneaaeoao aeeyiea ia yoio i?ioeann aiaoieo
e aioo?aiieo oaeoi?ia.

A aeenna?oaoeee inaauathony iniaaiiinoe aeanoaeeiecaoeeiiiiai i?ioeanna
a ?aaeiia, i?iaiaeece?iaaiu iiiuoee oniaa?oainoaiaaiey niaaoneie
iieeoe/aneie nenoaiu, enneaaeiaaia niaoeeoeea ?aaaeeeoaoeee caiaaeiuo
oe?aeioeaa. Iniaia aieiaiea oaeaeyaony aiaeeco yaiethoeee
caiaaeiioe?aeineiai aioe?aaeeiiiai aeaeaeaiey, i?aaeeiaeaia
ia?eiaeecaoeey iineaaeiaai a niioaaonoaee n oi?iaie e iaoiaeaie
aeayoaeueiinoe. Aeenna?oaioea enneaaeoao iniaaiiinoe
oea?eiaii-?aeeaeiciie aeecie e?ay, oiae e?oiiiianooaaiie aioe?aeeaeiciie
eaiiaiee eiioea 50-o — ia?aie iieiaeiu 60-o aa.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iauanoaaiii-iieeoe/aneay aeeciue, caiaaeiioe?aeineee
?aaeii, aeanoaeeiecaoeey, niaaoneay iieeoe/aneay nenoaia,
?aaaeeeoaoeeiiiue i?ioeann, aioe?aaeeiiia aeaeaeaiea,
ainoaea?noaaiii-oea?eiaiua ioiioaiey, aioe?aeeaeiciay eaiiaiey.

Annotation

Corneyko A.A. Socially-political development of Ukraine in 1953-1964 (on
materials of Western Ukraine). Manuscript

Dissertation towards getting scientific degree of candidate of
historical sciences, specialization 07.00.01 — history of Ukraine —
Institute of Ukraine Studies named after I. Krypyakevich of National
Scientific Academy of Ukraine, Lviv, 1999.

The paper investigates socially-political life of Western Ukraine in
1953-1964. The author’s research of the development of the region is
based on the analysis, systematization and generalization of different
sources. The topic and sources analyzed in this theme has not been
previously elucidated in national and foreign literature.

The author made historical review of the problem: research of
socially-political situation in Western Ukraine during the Soviet
power. A conclusion was made that in this time preconditions of specific
course of social and political processes in the region were put.

The candidate analyzes animation of social situation in the region
after Stalin’s death, researches influence on this process by «Notes
about the situation in the Western regions in Ukraine» by L. Beriya and
other events, deal with arrest and conviction of author of this
document.

Direction of destalinization is described in this work. Attempts of the
government to perfect Soviet political system are elucidated. The author
research run of process had an influence on animation of the
socially-political life of this region. Criterion of political loyalty,
as a main principle of rehabilitation made some peculiarities of it in
Western Ukraine: differences in scales and character of rehabilitation.
The candidate shows selection of rehabilitative process and especially
in the autumn 1956 in discriminating politic. The author describes
transformation of forms of opposing to Soviet system in the new
historical conditions; makes periodization of Western Ukraine.

The author describes transformation of forms of opposition to Soviet
system in the new historical conditions; makes periodization of West
Ukrainian movement and singles out three periods: period of armed
struggle, period of «transition group» and a period of dissident
movement. This investigation also underlines formation of the new stages
which was accompanied with an extensive build up of the social basis of
the opposition and change of the tactics from armed struggle to peaceful
constitutional conflict resolution. The author draws a conclusion
about a continuity of the national-liberation movement of the West
Ukraine region during the Soviet power.

The dissertation also researches «state-church» relationship. The
author underline the fact that the «state-church» relationship were
stipulated on the one hand by an attempt of the totalitarian power to
control social life of the people and opposition of the religious
circles. The candidate researched religious life in the region in the
second part of the fifties. Analyzed the position of Russian orthodox
church Ukrainian Greek -Catholic church and other religious trends. The
author discovered regional peculiarities of the anti church campaign,
which took place in the 1958-1964. The candidate analyzes the
consequences of this campaign in Western Ukraine and forms of resistance
of local religious society and how this two factors influenced the
social situation in the region.

On the basis of this analysis, facts and other historical details a
conclusion had been drawn concerning the diversity of the development of
Western Ukraine in 1953-1964.

Key words: socially-political life; West Ukrainian region;
destalinization; Soviet political system; rehabilitation process; anti
regime movement; church relations; anti religious campaign.

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