Iaoe?iiaeueia th?eaee/ia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie

?iai? ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai

Ai/a?i?eia Aeieo?i ?aaiiae/

OAeE 340.(4Oe?)

Noni?eueiee oa aea?aeaaiee eaae Ee?anueei? ?on?

a ?noi?e/i?e niaaeuei? I.A?ooaanueeiai

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 12.00.01 — oai??y oa ?noi??y aea?aeaae ? i?aaa;

?noi??y iie?oe/ieo ? i?aaiaeo a/aiue

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a-1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaoe?iiaeuei?e aeaaeai?? aioo??oi?o ni?aa IAN Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee- aeieoi? th?eaee/ieo iaoe, /eai-ei?aniiiaeaio
Aeaaeai?? i?aaiaeo iaoe Oe?a?ie Eiieeaiei Ieaenaiae? Ethaeiiae/,
?aaeiee Aieiae Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie c i?aaiaeo ieoaiue

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? th?eaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, aeaaeai?e
Aeaaeai?? i?aaiaeo iaoe Oe?a?ie ?iaiaeei Aiaoie?e Eineiiae/,
i?ioani? eaoaae?e ?noi??? aea?aeaae ? i?aaa Oe?a?ie ? ca?oa?aeieo
e?a?i Iaoe?iiaeueii? th?eaee/ii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?iai? ss?ineaaa
Ioae?iai;

eaiaeeaeao th?eaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Caeoeaa Eaii?ae
Ieaenaiae?iae/, ia/aeueiee eaoaae?e oai??? oa ?noi??? aea?aeaae ?
i?aaa Oi?aa?neoaoo aioo??oi?o ni?aa i.Oa?e?a

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?i.?aaia
O?aiea

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 27 aa?aniy 1999 ?. i 15.00 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.086.02 a Iaoe?iiaeuei?e th?eaee/i?e
aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?iai? ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai ca aae?anith: 310024,
i.Oa?e?a, aoe. Iooe?inueea, 77

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueii?
th?eaee/ii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?iai? ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai (310024,
i.Oa?e?a, aoe.Iooe?inueea, 77.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii 26 na?iiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaii? a/aii? ?aaee Aii/a?aiei A.Ae.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. A iiaa oeny/ie?ooy Oe?a?ia anooia?
ye iacaeaaeia, noaa?aiia aea?aeaaa, ??aiii?aaiee /eai na?oiaiai
ni?aoiaa?enoaa iaoe?e ? ia?iae?a.

Iaaoooy iiaiai noaoono iaieio/a noaaeoue iia? i?iaeaie ? ieoaiiy, a
oiio /ene? e o?, ui i?eeoee a nueiaiaei?oi?e aeaiue c aeaeaeiai
ieioeiai. I?i ?o ?nioaaiiy oa ci?no aiai?youe i?aoe? /eneaiieo
a?o/eciyieo a/aieo. A ?yae? ?iai iniaeeaa i?noea caeia? I.A?ooaanueeee —
aeaeaoiee ?noi?ee ? noni?eueii-iie?oe/iee ae?y/ e?ioey OIO — ii/aoeo OO
noi??//y, aieiaa Oe?a?inueei? Oeaio?aeueii? ?aaee. Nie?ath/enue ia
?acoeueoaoe a?oioiaiiai aea/aiiy ??ciiiai?oieo aeaea?ae oa i?aoeue ?ioeo
aeine?aeiee?a, a/aiee iiaoaeoaaa iiao noaio ?noi??? Oe?a?ie. Aaaeeeaa
i?noea a oe?e noai? caeia? ?noi??y Ee?anueei? ?on?, yea ?icaeaea?oueny
ia eeoa ye e?a?ia, a e ye aea?aeaaa.

Inoaii?e aniaeo ? aeoaea oe?iiei aeey th?eno?a a oe?eiio ? ?noi?ee?a
aea?aeaae ? i?aaa cie?aia oiio, ui aeicaiey? aecia/eoe i?noea ? ??aaiue
?icaeoeo aea?aeaae ? i?aaa, nooi?iue aeineiiaeino? noni?eueii? no?oeoo?e
no?aeiiai neia`yinoaa IO — ii/aoeo OII no. A caaaeueiieoeueoo?i?e
aaiethoe?? oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo, yeo I. A?ooaanueeee o nai?o i?aoeyo
aeine?aeea aei ia?oi? o?aoeie OO noi??//y. Naia oa ianoaaeia, ui I.
A?ooaanueeee ?icaeyaea? ?icaeoie aea?aeaae ? i?aaa o ia?ic?eaiiio
ca’yceo c ?icaeoeii eoeueoo?e e aeicaiey? a/aiiio oieeiooe iaiao?aeiino?
ooo/ii a?aeie?aiethaaoe aeacai? /anoeie a?ae aaaaoi??aiaaiai e aeoaea
neeaaeiiai oe?eiai, aeicaiey? i?iaeaiiino?oaaoe ia eeoa i?aeoeeo, a e
oai??th ? iiyni?oe /eiaei yaeu oeyoii aeei?enoaiiy iiaeeeainoae
aaaaoueio iaoe. Naia oiio caaaeueiiaeciaia iaaeinoaoi?noue a?aeiiinoae,
ia i?aenoaa? yeeo iieie?iiy aeine?aeiee?a aea/athoue Ee?anueeo ?onue,
aeey I.A?ooaanueeiai ia ? ia?aiiiith, yeo iaiiaeeeai caeieaoe:
?iciia?aeath/e i?i iaea?eueo cia/io ? a?aeiio aea?aeaao — Ee?anueeo
?onue, a/aiee i?aeoe/ii iieaco? iai oie ooiaeaiaio, ia?aaaae ? iaaeie?ee
yeiai a cia/i?e i??e aecia/aoue oaanue iiaeaeueoee oeyo ?icaeoeo
oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo, eiai i?aai?caoe?eieo oa oi?aae?inueeeo no?oeoo?.
Oiio nueiaiaei?, iai?ee?ioe? OO noi??//y, i?iaeiaaeoth/e aaeineiiaeaiiy
Oe?a?ie ye aeciaii? o na?o? iacaeaaeii? aea?aeaae, aaaeeeai ciiao
caa?iooeny aei aea/aiiy oiai, ye aeieeea, ?nioaaea ? i?eeoea o caiaiaae
ia?oa iaea?eueoa no?aeiineia’yinueea aea?aeaaa.

O?iiieia?/ia a?aeaeaeai?noue ia??iaeo Ee?anueei? ?on? a?ae iaoi?
no/aniino? caeaoia noai?eoe ?ethc?th, ui an? i?iaeaie ? ieoaiiy, ui
noiyee oiae? ia?aae aea?aeaaith ? noni?euenoaii, aoee oae aai ?iaeoa
ae??oai? ? aeey nueiaiaeaiiy aiie ia iathoue ne?eueee-iaaoaeue ?noioii?
oe?iiino?. ?ethc?y iineeth?oueny ua ? oei, ui a i?aoeyo ?noi?ee?a ?
th?eno?a, i?enay/aieo i?iaeaiai Ee?anueei? ?on? oa ?? aea?aeaae ? i?aaa
aeei?enoiao?oueny iaeiioeiiee iaa?? oaeo?a, noaeaeaiue ? aeaea?ae, ui
i?ye ia ca’ycaiee c i?iaeaiaie iei?oiueiai /ano. I?ae oei, I.
A?ooaanueeee aeia?a, ui aeiaeia iaae??oaia ieoaiiy, aeiaeia ia?ica’ycaia
i?iaeaia a aoaeue-yeee aaeoc? ethaenueeiai ciaiiy ia cieeathoue nai? ii
nia? — aiie o?eueee a?aenooiathoue ia caaei?e ieai ? /aeathoue naiai
ae??oaiiy, ni?aaeyth/e aaeueioth/ee aieea ia ca’ycai? ?c ieie aaeoc?
aeeooy. Oiio nueiaiaei? aaaeeeai iiaeeaeoeny ia ieioea noni?eueii? oa
aea?aeaaii? i?aai?caoe?? ii iiaiio, nie?ath/enue ia an? aeinyaiaiiy
iaoee. Ia?oei e?ieii aei iiaiai ni?eeiaiiy ? nenoaiaoecaoe?y an?o
a?aeiiinoae, ui iathoue aaciina?aaei? a?aeiioaiiy aei aeaii?
i?iaeaiaoeee ? aaea ciaeoee a?aeia?aaeaiiy a i?aoeyo no/anieo iai
o/aieo ? ?o iiia?aaeiee?a. Oea oaeiae aeanoue iiaeeea?noue i?aeaiooaaoe
aaco aeey a?eueo niaoe?ae?ciaaiiai aiae?co i?iaeai ? ieoaiue, ae??oaiiy
yeeo aeaaii a aeicaieeei ??cei i?enei?eoe i?inoaaiiy aea?aeaae ?
noni?euenoaa oeyoii aaeineiiaeaiiy ? aeeeth/eoe iaiao?aei?noue
iiaoi?iiai i?ioiaeaeaiiy ?yaeo aoai?a ? nooiai?a. Aaaeeeai a?aooaaoe ?
oo ianoaaeio, ui c aaaaoueio i?iaeai ? ieoaiue, ye? noinothoueny
Ee?anueei? ?on?, a iaooe? aein? iaia? ?aeeii? aeoiee. Ioaea, a?aenooi?
/?oea oyaeaiiy i?i iniiae ? o?iee no?aeiineia’yinueei? a oe?eiio ?
oe?a?inueei? cie?aia aea?aeaaiino?. Aiaeii/an naia noaia ?icaeoeo
aea?aeaae oa i?aaa aeeaiei? noa?iaeaaiino? iicaaaey?oueny aaaeaii?
ooiaeaiaioaeueiino?.

Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aeyaeaiiy ? nenoaiaoecaoe?y iiaeyae?a oa
noaeaeaiue I. A?ooaanueeiai a?aeiinii aea?aeaaiiai ? noni?eueiiai eaaeo
Ee?anueei? ?on? c oii?ii ia a?aeiiino?, iaaaaeai? ?noi?eeii ia noi??ieao
ia?oeo o?ueio oii?a «?noi??? Oe?a?ie-?one».

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe aoee ae??oai? ianooii? caaaeaiiy:

1. ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i noni?eueiee oa aea?aeaaiee eaae Ee?anueei? ?on? aoea
nenoaiaoeciaaia ? i?aaenoaaeaia a oi?i?, ui a?aeiia?aea? no/anii?
noeoiiino? i?iaeai ? ieoaiue, ia ye? i?e aea/aii? aeaii? i?iaeaiaoeee
caa?oa?oueny iaea?eueoa oaaaa.

2. Io?eiaia noeoii?noue aeaieo, ui noaiiaeyoue ?ioa?an aeey
?noi?eei-i?aaiai? iaoee, aoea aeiiiaiaia a?aeiiinoyie, iaaeaieie ?ioeie
aeine?aeieeaie, ui aeicaieeei c?iaeoe aeeeaaeaiiy a?eueo iiaiei.

Iaoiaeieia?/ia iniiaa aeena?oaoe?? — no/ani? iaoiaee i?ciaiiy:
caaaeueiiiaoeia? ? niaoe?aeuei? — ?noi?e/iee, aiae?co, neioaco oa ?i.

A yeino? oai?aoe/ii? iniiae aoee aeei?enoai? i?aoe? I.A?ooaanueeiai (?
ia?o ca ana — «?noi??y Oe?a?ie-?one»), i?aoe? ?ioeo a/aieo (Aiae?ia
A.E., Aaa?y A.I., Ai?/ea A., A?ae/aanueeiai I.TH., Aa?iaaenueeiai A.A.,
Aii/a?aiea A.Ae., A?aeiaa A.Ae., Ao?aae/a A.ss., Aei?no?yinueeiai I.N.,
Aei?ioaiea Ae.?., Aeueyeiiiaa I.A., Cei?ia I.A., Ceeeia ?.N., Eiieeaiea
I.,E., Einoiia?iaa I.?., Eioey?a I.O., Eoeue/eoeueeiai A.N., Eauaiea
?.I., Eenaieiaa N.E., Iaa?iaeeia A.A., Iaeianueeiai A.?., Iaoii?ia A.,
Ie?iiiai? A.A., Iaithea A., Iie?ianueeiai N.A., I?aniyeiaa A.A., ?iaiaa
A.A., ?iaiaeeia A.E., ?eaaeiaa A.I., ?eaaeee ?.E., Na?aaaae/a A.?.,
Niie?y A.A., Oeoiie?iaa I.I., Oeueea A.E., Oiei/ea I.I., O?iyiiaia
?.ss., Oa/aoo?iaa ?.E., Oaa/aiea A.O., Uaiiaa ss.I., THoeiaa N.A. oa
?i.), a yeeo o??th aai ?ioith i??ith a?aeia?aaeai? noni?eueiee oa
aea?aeaaiee eaae Ee?anueei? ?on?, a oaeiae — iia’ycai? c ieie i?iaeaie
oa ieoaiiy.

Ii?iaoeaio aaco aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaee oaee iai’yoee i?aaa, ye «?onueea
I?aaaea», Oea?eiai? noaoooe. C?iaeaii ni?iao ?icaeyiooe a yeino?
aeaea?aea i?aaa A?ae?th.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. A aeena?oaoe?? c?iaeaii ni?iao
aeae?eeoe c /enoi ?noi?e/ieo i?aoeue I.A?ooaanueeiai (? ia?o ca ana — c
aaaaoioiiii? «?noi??? Oe?a?ie-?one»)6 nenoaiaoecoaaoe ? aeeeanoe
iiaeyaee oa noaeaeaiiy a/aiiai-?noi?eea i?i aea?aeaao, i?aai,
noni?euenoai Ee?anueei? ?on?. Caa?iooi oaaao ia eeoa ia oaeoe, iiae??,
aeieoiaioe, ui noinothoueny noni?eueiiai oa aea?aeaaiiai eaaeo
Ee?anueei? ?on?, a e ia oa, ui ia?aaeoaaei aeieeiaiith aea?aeaae, ia
oa?aeoa?enoeeo ethaeiino?, yea c /anii ia?aoai?eoueny ia noni?euenoai
Ee?anueei? ?on?, ia i?noea ? ?ieue no?aeiiai neia»yinoaa o oiae?oiueiio
na?oiaiio ni?aoiaa?enoa?. Noi?ioeueiaaii ieceo iieiaeaiue ? aeniiae?a,
ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno:

— I.A?ooaanueeee ia i?eae?eea ia noi??ieao nai?o oai??a iaeaaeii? oaaae
/eiieeai, iiae?yi ? ieoaiiyi, ui i?yii aieeaathoue ia ??aaiue ?
nooi?iue aeineiiaeino?, o?eaaeino? ? aaciaee ?icaeoeo noni?eueiiai ?
aea?aeaaiiai eaaeo no?aeiiai neia’yinoaa a oe?eiio e oe?a?inueeiai
ia?iaeo cie?aia. C ??cieo i?e/ei a/aiee oaeiae ia c?iaea aeoeaio ia
oiio, ye, aeei?enoiaoth/e aeina?ae Ee?anueei? ?on? iiaeia aoei a
oieeiooe iiieeie ? i?i?aooie?a a ianooii? ia??iaee ?noi??? Oe?a?ie.

— I.A?ooaanueeee canoiniao? aei noa?iaeaaiino? no/anio eiio th?eaee/io
oa?i?iieia?th, aea caa??aa? iaeyaeiaee oa?aeoa? aeeeaaeo ? caiaeeoue aei
i?i?ioio ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i IO-OIV noi??//y, aaaeeeao ? oe?iio aeey
th?eaee/ii? iaoee, oae aai ?iaeoa aeciath/e iaiiaeeea?noue oi?ioaaiiy a
?aieao nai?? eiioeaioe?? oe?e?niiai, th?eaee/ii oi/iiai ? iaaiiai
oyaeaiiy i?i aea?aeaao ? i?aai Ee?anueei? ?on? ? i?i ?? aea?aeaaiee e
noni?eueiee eaae.

— Aeae?eaiiy ? nenoaiaoecaoe?y i?io?eueii? aeey th?eno?a ?ioi?iaoe??,
iaaeaii? I. A?ooaanueeei, iieacaee ia o?eueee iia?euei?noue ? iaiiaiioo
oi?ioaaiiy aea?aeaae ? i?aaa, aea ? aaee/acio neeaaei?noue ?aae?caoe??
aeaiie?aoe/ii? i???ioaoe?? ca no/anieo iai oiia o oiio aeiaaeeo, yeui
ia??iae aea?aeaaiino? Ee?anueei? ?on? aoaea ? a iiaeaeueoiio
?icaeyaeaoeny ? o?aeooaaoeny iano?eueee aea iaeyaeiai ? o?aaiaioa?ii.
?ioeie neiaaie, aeyaeaia iaaaciaea iiaeaeueoiai ciaoe?iaiiy Ee?anueei?
?on? aeey aeine?aeiee?a-th?eno?a, yeui aei aeaiiai ia??iaeo ia aoaea
canoiniaaia oai?aoe/ia aaca th?eaee/ii? iaoee e?ioey OO — ii/aoeo OOI
noi??//y.

— Ca’ycoth/e ?ioi?iaoe?th, iaaeaio I.A?ooaanueeei a?aeiinii i?aaiaiai
noaiiaeua eean?a noni?euenoaa Ee?anueei? ?on? c aeaieie, ui
oa?aeoa?ecothoue aeaea?aea i?aaa, iiaeia aa/eoe, ui Ee?anueea ?onue oa
?? ianaeaiiy ?nioaaee, aeeee ? ae?yee o ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae, eiee
aea?aeaaa ? ienueiiaa i?aai ua ia iiaee, a noa?? eiiiiiaioe nenoaie
oi?aae?iiy aaea ia ai?ee ?aaaoaaoe aeinoaoiuei iiaii oa i?ioan?eii ia
an? aeiiae /ano.

— I.A?ooaanueeee c?iaea aaaeeeaee aeniiaie — a aiioo ?nioaaiiy
Ee?anueei? ?on? ia?aae iaie ia aea?aeaaia, a ?iaeeiia ?aei?noue ea??aii?
aa?o?aee. A/aiee aeacaa, ui ai? a?/a, ai? aiy?nueea ?aaea ca iiaeo oiia
ia aoee aioia? ae?yoe ii-iiaiio, a?aoiaoth/e on? ci?ie ? aeiiae aeeooy.
C’?caee eiyc?a, ?io? oeaio?aeuei? oa i?noeaa? i?aaie aeaaee noi?uaee
io?oe?ei? ooieoe?? c i?eaaoieie. ?nioaaea i?iaeaia aoaeoeaii? aca?iiae??
a?enoie?ao?? caiaeue ? aieinoae c oeie iinaaeiaeie iniaaie, ye?
i?ecia/aeeny oeaio?aeueiei aai i?noeaaei eiycyie.

— ?nioaaiiy ia i?noeyo iinaaeiee?a ? oenyoeueeeo (aeiaiaeeoue aeeeaae
I.A?ooaanueeiai) iiaei ye caaacia/eoe ?aei?noue Ee?anueei? ?on?, oae ?
ni?eyoe ?? ?iciaaeo ia iacaeaaei? /anoeie. ?iciaaeo aea?aeaae ia iiaea
aoaeoeaii caaaaeeoe ? a?enueeiaa i?aai?caoe?y. C ?ioi?iaoe??, iaaeaii?
a/aiei, iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui aeoaea aaaaoi aniaeo?a aeeooy oa
ae?yeueiino? ca?ieieo nee ia aoee th?eaee/ii cae??ieai?.

— *eiaei i?iaeai ?nioaaei a i?aai?caoe?? ? ae?yeueiino? noaeo
Ee?anueei? ?on?. A?eueoo /anoeio iaiao?aeii? ?iaioe aeeiioaaa
iioa?i?eee, a aeaaea ae?yea ia a caeaaeiino? a?ae aeiia caeiio ?
noie?iiy, a c o?aooaaiiyi ??aiy iaoa??aeueiiai aeia?iaooo noi??i.
Aeacaaoe ia iaaeie?ee, a/aiee caa?ioa oaaao ia ii/aoee oi?ioaaiiy
aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai i?aeoiaeo aei ioe?iee oieniino? cei/eio ? aeae?e?a
iniaeeao ?ic?iaeai?noue i?aaiaeo ii?i, ui noinothoueny aaeanoa.

— Aaaaoi oaaae I. A?ooaanueeee i?eae?eea ieoaiiyi aaiethoe?? oea?eiaii?
i?aai?caoe??. ?noi?ee aeacaa, ui iacaaaeath/e ia an? oni?oe iiai?
?ae?a??, ye i?ino? ethaee, oae ? iinaaeia? iniae i?iaeiaaeoaaee aeeoe
oae, ye iaeacoaaea o?aaeeoe?y ? cian?i ia i?aaioee aei oiai, uia a
iiai?e i??? aeeiioaaoe aeiiae o?enoeyinueei? ii?ae?. Iaeii/anii a/aiee
aeacaa, ui oea?eaa ? ?ae?a?y coi?ee ni?aaeoe aeaaioai?iee aieea ia
aca?iia?aeiineie i?ae ethaeueie, ia iieaaoaiiy noaiiaeua iaea?eueo
aaci?aaieo ? iacaoeuaieo /anoei noni?euenoaa Ee?anueei? ?on?.

— A i?aenoieo ia?aae iaie — i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy aea?aeaaiino? no?aeiiai
neia`yinoaa, eiee aeaeaei ia an? ea?oth/? ? ?aaoethth/? iaoai?cie
caeaoi? iiai?noth aeeiioaaoe nai? ooieoe??.

Oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy i?iaaaeaii? ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui
a aeena?oaoe?? ia i?aenoaa? aea/aiiy i?aoeue I.A?ooaanueeiai, ui
i?noyoue a?aeiiino? i?i aea?aeaaiee oa noni?eueiee eaae Ee?anueei? ?on?
c?iaeaii ni?iao iaaeeceoenue aei oi?ioaaiiy oyaeaiiy i?i i?iaeaie oa
ieoaiiy, iaae??oai?noue yeeo a aeeaie?e noa?iaeaaiino? ??cei
oiia?eueieea oa oneeaaeieea aaiethoe?th aea?aeaaiino? ? i?aaa no?aeiiai
neia’yinoaa. Ia i?aoaiaeoth/e ia ae/a?iio iiaiioo, ?iaioa iai?/a?
caaaeuei? ? iaea?eueo aaeee? aniaeoe, ?ice?eooy yeeo ia iniia? no/aniiai
iai ??aiy ciaiiy iiaea noi?ioaaoe aeeeaaeaiiy ?noi??? Ee?anueei? ?on?
ye aea?aeaae c oii?ii ia aiae?c i?iaeai, oaeo?a, aniaeo?a ? ieoaiue,
aaaeeeaeo aeey th?eaee/ii? iaoee ? oaeeo, ui ia ciaoiaeyoue a /enoi
?noi?e/i?e e?oa?aoo?? nenoaiaoe/iiai ? iiaiiai aeeeaaeo.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. A aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? aia?oa cae?eniaii
aeae?eaiiy (c /enoi ?noi?e/ieo i?aoeue (cie?aia — c ooiaeaiaioaeueii?
«?noi??? Oe?a?ie-?one»)) ? nenoaiaoecaoe?y iiaeyae?a ? noaeaeaiue
I.A?ooaanueeiai a?aeiinii noni?eueiiai ? aea?aeaaiiai eaaeo Ee?anueei?
?on?, ui aeicaiey? caa?iooe oaaao ia o? i?iaeaie ? ieoaiiy, ye?
i?aaenoaaeythoue ?ioa?an aeey th?eno?a ? iaoiiaeththoue i?enei?aiiy aai
oiia?eueiaiiy i?inoaaiiy ii oeyoo aea?aeaaiiai aoae?aieoeoaa ye a aiioo
Ee?anueei? ?on?, oae ? ca no/anieo iai oiia.

Ai?iaaoe?y iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a cae?enithaaeanue o oi?i?
aeiiia?aeae oa iaoeiaeo iia?aeiieaiue ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai?? aioo??oi?o ni?aa (1996 ?., i. Ee?a),
I?aeia?iaei?e nooaeaionuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo «Ee?anueeee iie?oaoi?/iee
?inoeooo» (1996 ?., i.Ee?a), III O?aaeeoe?eiiio nai?ia?? ?noi?ee?a
aea?aeaae ? i?aaa Oe?a?ie a Oi?aa?neoao? aioo??oi?o ni?aa IAN Oe?a?ie
(1998 ?., i.Oa?e?a).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? ciaeoee nai?
a?aeia?aaeaiiy o oanoe ioae?eaoe?yo, i’youe c yeeo — o niaoe?ae?ciaaieo
iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e (144 iaeiaioaaiiy).
Ianya aeena?oaoe?? neeaaea? 162 noi??iee.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? aea?oueny iaa?oiooaaiiy aeooaeueiino? oaie, oi?ioeth?oueny
iaoa oa caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/athoueny iaoiaeieia?/ia oa
oai?aoe/ia iniiaa aeena?oaoe??, iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo
?acoeueoao?a, oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy i?iaaaeaii? ?iaioe,
iia?aeiiey?oueny i?i ai?iaaoe?th ?acoeueoao?a.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? — «Aeaea?aea i?aaa» — iaaaaeai? noaeaeaiiy I.
A?ooaanueeiai a?aeiinii aeooiaii? oa iaoa??aeueii? eoeueoo?e
no?aeiineia’yinueeeo a oe?eiio ? i?aoe?a?inueeeo ieaiai cie?aia, i?i
cae/ae, i?aaiaee cae/ae, cae/a?aa i?aai, a oaeiae iai’yoieee ienueiiaiai
i?aaa. Aei inoaii?o a?aeianai?: i?aeia?iaei? aeiaiai?e ?on?, ?onueea
I?aaaea, eiyc?anuee? oea?eiai? noaoooe ? A?ae?y. Iaiao?aei?noue a
?icaeyae? ia?ae?/aieo ieoaiue coiiaeaia ia?aaeon?i iiceoe??th I.
A?ooaanueeiai noiniaii aeiaea?aeaaiiai ? ?aiiueiaea?aeaaiiai ia??iae?a
?noi??? oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo, a oaeiae oei, ui iaeaea iaiiaeeeai /?oei
aeacaoe iiiaio, c yeiai ii/aeany i?ioan?eia ae?yeuei?noue aea?aeaaii?
no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy ? aeaaee — ie ia?ii ni?aao c ieaaiei i?ioeanii
aeiiiaiaiiy noni?eueii? aeaaee aeaaeith aea?aeaaiith, cae/a?aiai i?aaa —
ienueiiaei i?aaii ? eoeueoo?e a?eueoino? iaciaoiiai ianaeaiiy No?aeiith
Neia»yiueie eoeueoo?ith ciaoe, a oaeiae — eoeueoo?ith ?ioeo, e?a?i ?
ia?iae?a, ui aaea i?ieoee iaaio oeieo aea?aeaaiino?.

Aeena?oaio aecia/?a iiceoe?th I.A?ooaanueeiai noiniaii eoeueoo?e oa
?ie? ?? neeaaeiaeo /anoei o ?icaeoeo noni?eueii? oa aea?aeaaii?
i?aai?caoe?? no?aeiiai neia’yinoaa a oe?eiio oa i?aaeoa/ oe?a?inueeiai
ia?iaeo cie?aia. Caa?iooi oaaao ia aiaaiai?noue a/aiiai a oiio, ui naia
nioe?aeuei?e ? eoeueoo?iee i?ioean ? ? o??th ieoeith, ui ca’yco?
?noi??th oe?a?inueeiai aeeooy a ?aeeio oe?e?ni?noue, iacaaaeath/e ia an?
ci?ie a iie?oeoe?. ssne?aai ciaethaaaoe ?ene oa?aeoa?o i?aaeoa/
oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo, a/aiee aeacaa ia ca’ycie oe?o ?en oa?aeoa?o c
oiiaaie, a yeeo aeeea i?aoe?a?inueea a?iiaaenuee?noue. Oea no?ia?noue ?
iaieeina?aei?noue o aca?iia?aeiineiao c? ni?aa?o/ecieeaie ? ai?iaaie,
eeoine?a’y, aaaaoiaeainoai, ianeeuenoai aaouee?a ii a?aeiioaiith aei
ae?oae i?e ae??oaii? ieoaiiy i?i cai?aeaey aai i?i iae?oaeaiiy, ??cieoey
i?ae i?aeoeeith aca?iia?aeiinei aaouee?a oa ae?oae ? oai?aoe/ieie
oyaeaiiyie i?i ieo, iino?eia aaeineiiaeaiiy iiaeyae?a ia ae?ieo ye ia
??aio c /ieia?eii iniaeno?noue. A/aiee aeieeaaeii ?iciia?aea? i?i
ni?a?nioaaiiy naeyinueeeo ainiiaea?noa c aiy?nueeeie, i?i ?ae?a?ei?
oyaeaiiy oa a??oaaiiy aeio?enoeyinueeeo /an?a, i?i aaeineiiaeaiiy
ainiiaea?noaa oa ?aianea no?aeieo neia’yi, i?i ?nioaaiiy aeineoue
?icaeiaiiai iiiyooy caiaeueii? aeaniino?, ia iaieia? ? ieoaiiy i?i
niaoe?ae?caoe?th oa ei?ii?aoecaoe?th i?aoe?, i?i ?nioaaiiy ? i?aaiaa
caaacia/aiiy oi?a?ae?, i?i oa, ye iaoeaioe? ?on? iaaoaaee iaiao?aeieo
ciaiue oa iaae/ie. O i?aenoieiaiio iaeyae? I.A?ooaanueeee aeciaa, ui
i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy aaeeei? aea?aeaaii? nenoaie «ia ae?iaea i?yei?
o?eaei? aaeeeiaea?aeaaii? i?aai?caoe??» ? aaee/acia aea?aeaaa —
Ee?anueea ?onue caeeoaeany iaoai?/iei ooai?aiiyi, iaeii/anii
caaacia/eaoe iaaio ?aei?noue aeaiaio?a noni?eueii? ? eoeueoo?ii?
aaiethoe??. A oie aea /an a/aiee caa?oa? oaaao ia oa, ui aeey eoeueoo?e
? eoeueoo?iiai aeeooy ?nioaaei iaeia a?aceeaa i?noea — oa, ui aiie
nie?aeeny eeoa ia aa?oiaio iaio?noue, aeii?ioth/o a noni?euenoa?.

A?aei?/aii, ui iacaaaeath/e ia anth aaaeeea?noue cae/a?aiai i?aaa aeey
?icoi?iiy nooiino? ethaenueeeo aca?iia?aeiinei ? noni?eueiiai ono?ith
Ee?anueei? ?on?, I.A?ooaanueeee ia i?ecaiaeeoue ne?eueee-iaaoaeue
?icai?iooiai i??eoaaiiy i?i cae/a?aa i?aai ia noi??ieao «?noi???
Oe?a?ie-?one», ui ciooo? aeena?oaioa caa?iooeny aei iai?aoethaaiue
?.N.Ceeeia oa I.O.Aieiaeeie?nueeiai-Aoaeaiiaa. Caa?iooi oaaao ia oa, ui
I.A?ooaanueeee caiaeiee c aeayeeie iieiaeaiiyie, aeneiaeaieie
I.O.Aieiaeeie?nueeei-Aoaeaiiaei, a oaeiae ia oa, ui ca no/anieie
oyaeaiiyie «?onueea I?aaaea» ? ia ui ?ioa, ye ca??ea caien?a cae/a?aiai
i?aaa ie?aieo ieaiai.

Aeoiea ? iiaeyae? I.A?ooaanueeiai noiniaii iai’yoie i?aaa aoee
ni?aonoaaeai? c oi/eaie ci?o I.O.Aieiaeeie?nueeiai — Aoaeaiiaa,
?.I.Eauaiea, A.Ae.A?aeiaa, ss.I.Uaiiaa. ?icaeyiooi aeiaiai?e ?on? c
?ioeie e?a?iaie, ?onueeo I?aaaeo, Oea?eiai? Noaoooe, A?ae?th.
I.A?ooaanueeee, ye iieacaei aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeei?enoiao? ?onueeo I?aaaeo
ye iniiao aeey oiai, uia iieacaoe oa, ui aoei a ae?eniino?, a ia ye
ia’?eo aeey oai?aoe/iiai inieneaiiy oiai, ui iiaeiii aooe. A/aiee
aeaiiino?o? iai i?aeoeeo ia a th?eaee/iiio, a a ?noi?e/iiio ianyc?,
cacaeaeaa?aeue caoaaaeeaoe, ui a caaaeaiiy eiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ia
aoiaeeoue iieac on??? nenoaie i?aaa. I?e ?icaeyae? Oea?eiaieo noaooo?a
I.A?ooaanueeee caoaaaeea, ui aioo??oiuei?iaeeii? aca?iia?aeiineie
caciaaaee ia nia? cia/ia ?aaoethaaiiy c aieo oea?eae ? ii?ie ienueiiaiai
oea?eiaiiai i?aaa a?aee ooo aeaeaei ia inoaiith ?ieue.

I?e ?icaeyae? A?ae?? aeena?oaio a?aei?oea, ui aeei?enoaiiy ?? a yeino?
i?yiiai aeaea?aea i?aaa i?aaenoaaey?oueny c no/anieo iiceoe?e iaaeoi
i?iaeaiaoe/iei ii ?yaeo i?e/ei: ii-ia?oa, oea?eaa aieeaaea ia aeooiaio ?
ii?aeueio nooi?noue ethaeae, a ia i?inoi aeiaaaea aeeiiaiiy iaaieo
i?aaee, ii-ae?oaa, A?ae?th iaiiaeeeai ?icaeyaeaoe ?cieueiaaii a?ae ?ioeo
aeaea?ae (aeiaiai??a, oea?eiaieo noaooo?a), ii-o?ao?, ia ?on? aaea
?nioaaee /eiieee, ui ia?aoeiaeaeaee aoaeoeaiiio aeei?enoaiith aeiia
iiaiai a??ia/aiiy a ?aaeueiiio i?aeoe/iiio aeeoo?. ? nooo?aa ??cieoey
i?ae cae??ieaiei a aieiai?e eiec? o?enoeyinoaa ?aeaaeii ? ?aaeueiei
aeeooyi. I?iaiae?coaaaoe no?oeoo?o A?ae??, aeena?oaio, nie?ath/enue ia
aeoiee N.Aoeaaeiaa, c?iaea aeniiaie i?i iaiao?aei?noue ciaeoe aaeain
nee, iiaeeeainoae, i?aa ? iaia`yce?a oea?eae oa aea?aeaae aeey oiai, uia
oeyo a?ae ?aaeueiino? aei ?aeaaeo aoa iiaeieaiee c iaeiaiueoeie ao?aoaie
? aeo?aoaie.

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? — «Noni?eueiee eaae» aeaia caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea
iiae?eo noni?euenoaa ia eeane ? iaaaaeai? noaeaeaiiy I. A?ooaanueeiai
a?aeiinii noaiiaeua oieii?a, caeoi?a, naeyi ? i?uai. Ie?aii
i?iaiae?ciaaia aeoiea ?noi?eea noiniaii i?aaenoaaiee?a ciaoe, aei yeeo
a?aeianai? eiycue, aiy?noai, aa?o?aea aeoo?aieoeoaa. A/aiee ia o?eueee
iineeaany ia iaaeinoaoi?noue, noia?a/eea?noue ? iaiiaiioo aeaea?ae, c
yeeo iiaeia aoei a ii/a?iiooe iaiao?aei? a?aeiiino?, aea ? cai?iiiioaaa
naith, iaaeinoaoiuei aeaoae?ciaaio ca no/anieie i??eaie noaio iiae?eo
a?iiaaenueeino? Ee?anueei? ?on? ia eeane oa nioe?aeuei? a?oie. Oe?iiei a
aeeeaae? I. A?ooaanueeiai ? oa, ui ?noi?ee iaaeinoaoi?noue i?aaiaiai
?aaoethaaiiy aca?iia?aeiinei i?ae i?aaenoaaieeaie ??ciiiai?oieo eean?a
eiiiaino? iieacii ?aaeueii? i?aeoeee aca?iia?aeiinei. A neeo neaaino?
aeaea?aeueii? aace ?noi?eeo ia aaeaeiny iaaeaoe iiaio ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i
i?aaiaa noaiiaeua eiaeiiai c aeuaiaaaaeaieo eean?a noni?euenoaa
Ee?anueei? ?on?, iaeiae naia oey ianoaaeia aeiaiaeeoue c on??th
aecia/ai?noth oaeo ciaoiaeaeaiiy noni?eueii? no?oeoo?e Ee?anueei? ?on? a
noai? i?aeoe/ii aacia?a?aii? o?ainoi?iaoe??. Oaeaee?noue ? iiaiioa
inoaiiuei? ? aoea i?iaeaiiino?iaaia I. A?ooaanueeei oeyoii iieaco
a?aei?iiinoae i?ae aeiiaaie ?nioth/eo ia oie /an ii?i ienueiiaiai i?aaa
? i?aeoeeith ?aaeueiiai aeeooy.

Aaaeeeai a?aei?oeoe, ui ? «ethaee eiyc?anuee?» (ae?oaeeia), ? «ethaee
oea?eiai?» (aeoo?aieoeoai), ? «ethaee» (a?iiaaea) — oea aoee (ia aeoieo
I.A?ooaanueeiai) eeane a?iiaaenueeino?, ui ?ic??ciythoueny ca ?iaeii
caiyoue, a oaeiae ca noni?eueiei iieiaeaiiyi. Oea ua ia aoee noaie,
ine?eueee noaiia? i?ea?ea? ?, a?aeiia?aeii, i?aaia? a?aei?iiino? aoee
eeoa a noaae?? ca?iaeaeaiiy. *?oei a?ae??cieoe a?ae ?ioiai ianaeaiiy
iiaeia aoei a a o? /an? eeoa iaa?eueiee?a ? iai?aa?eueieo ethaeae.
Aiae?c i?aaiaiai iieiaeaiiy eean?a noni?euenoaa aeena?oaio ii/eia? ia c
eiycy (ye oea ?iaeoue I.A?ooaanueeee), a c oieii?a, iioeaoth/e oea o?i,
ui aaee/acia e?euee?noue naeyinoaa, caeoiieoeoaa ? iaa?eueieoeoaa
neoaeeea iiaooi?i /eiieeii, ea?oth/ei ? ei?aaoth/ei ae?yeuei?noue an?o
?ioeo eean?a noni?euenoaa IO-OIV noie?oue. I?e ?icaeyae? i?aaiaiai
noaiiaeua eean?a a/aiee aeae?e?a oae? iai?yiee: i?aaiaee noaoon, oeyoe
ia?aoiaeo a eean, oeyoe aeoiaeo c eeano, a?aei?iiino? i?aaiaiai
noaiiaeua i?aaenoaaieea iaeiiai eeano a?ae i?aaiaiai noaiiaeua
i?aaenoaaieea ?ioiai eeano. Aaea i?e ?icaeyae? oieii?a I.A?ooaanueeee
caa?oa? oaaao ia ??cieoeth i?ae oai???th oa i?aeoeeith ?o i?aaiaiai
noaiiaeua.

Aeeeaaeath/e ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i i?aaiaa iieiaeaiiy i?aaenoaaiee?a ciao?,
aeena?oaio a?aei?/a?, ui o aeeeaae? I.A?ooaanueeiai eiycue ? aiy?a
i?aaenoathoue ia?aae iaie ia?aaeon?i iinaaeiaeie iniaaie, a ia
cae/aeieie ethaeueie, eio?? ae?yee o ?aieao iaaii? nenoaie
aca?iia?aeiinei. Caa?iooi oaaao ? ia oa, ui iaeaea iaiiaeeeai
?icaeyaeaoe aiy?noai ie?aii a?ae ae?oaeeie. A/aiee i?e oeueiio
a?aei?oea, ui aeoeai?noue ? aieeaia?noue aiy?noaa ia caeaaeaee a?ae
coneeue ? iiaeeeainoae eiycy, a aaeainoaaiiy aiy?noaa i?ae noaoonii
noa?oeo ae?oaeeiiee?a-aanae?a ? ethaeae, caeaoieo a?aeaeaaaoe eiycth
iaia’yceia? aeey aeeiiaiiy iaeace (ia aeoieo aeena?oaioa) ia?aoeiaeaeaei
ii?iaeueiiio, noaa?eueiiio, iine?aeiaiiio ?icaeoeo nenoaie aeaaee ?
oi?aae?iiy.

Aiai?y/e i?i aeoo?aieoeoai, aeena?oaio a?aei?/a?, ui i?iaeaia i?aaiaiai
noaiiaeua oeueiai eeano noni?euenoaa caeia? o aeeeaaeaii? ?noi?eea
iaaeoi i?aeeaaea ? iaiaaeaia i?noea ii??aiyii c i?ioeanii aei??iaiiy
o?enoeyinoaa ? eiai i?ia?aeiee?a ia ?on?. A oie aea /an aaaeeeai
i?aee?aneeoe oaaao I.A?ooaanueeiai aei a?aeaeca?eaeaiiy i?iaeaie
caaacia/aiiy aaoiiiiiino?, naiino?eiino? ? iacaeaaeiino? oea?eae ?on?
a?ae aieeao eiinoaioeiiiieueneiai iao??a?oa, a iniaeeaino? — a ieai?
i?ecia/aiiy ? inay/aiiy aeueo oea?eiaieo ???a?o?a — ieo?iiieeo?a ?
?ieneii?a. A/aiee caa?oa? oaaao ia ??cieoeth i?ae oai?aoe/ieie
iaia’yceaie ieo?iiieeo?a oa ?ieneii?a ? oei, ui iaei i?noea a
ae?eniino?, ia oa, ye? ni?aa? i?aeeyaaee noaeo ?ieneiia, ye? neeaaeia?
/anoeie ioiiethaaei iiiyooy «aeoo?aieoeoai» («oea?eiai? ethaee»). Ia
iaieia? ?noi?ee oaaaith ? i?iaeaio i?aai?caoe?? ? ?aaeaiaioaoe??
/a?ia/iai aeeooy (iiianoe??, Nooae?enueeee noaooo), a oaeiae — ieoaiiy
a?aeiia?aeiino? ienueiiaeo aeiia ?aaeueiiio aeeooth.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? — «Aea?aeaaiee eaae» ?icaeyaeathoueny oae?
i?iaeaie, ye ?noi?e/iee oei aea?aeaae, oa?eoi??y, oeaio?aeuei? i?aaie
aeaaee ? oi?aae?iiy. Aei inoaii?o a?aeianai? a?/a, aiy?nueea ?aaea,
c’?caee eiyc?a, eiyc?anueeee aea??. ?icaeyiooi oaeiae i?noeaa? i?aaie
aeaaee ? oi?aae?iiy ? a?enueei, caa?iooi oaaao ia i?aai?caoe?th ?
ae?yeuei?noue noaeo ? oea?eae. A/aiee i?eae?eea aaee/acio oaaao
?icaeyaeo i?iaeaie oa?eoi??aeueii? i?aai?caoe?? Ee?anueei? ?on?,
ine?eueee a?ae aeineiiaeino? ? no?eeino? inoaiiuei? caeaaeaea
ae?yeuei?noue noni?euenoaa oa aea?aeaae. ?noi?ee aeia?a, ui oe?e?ni?noue
aea?aeaae caeaaeeoue ia o?eueee a?ae ae??aino? caoiae?a, ui
aaeeaathoueny aea?aeaaieie ioaeaie, aea ? a?ae aeoeaiino? a?eueoino?
ianaeaiiy. Oiio, ye ae?yee noni?euenoai ? aea?aeaaa a iiaeo oiiaao, I.
A?ooaanueeee i?eae?eea /eiaei oaaae i?e ?icaeyae? oeaio?aeueieo oa
i?noeaaeo i?aai?a aeaaee e oi?aae?iiy, a?i??, noaeo ? oea?eae, aeia?aoe,
ui caaacia/eoe aoaeoeaia oi?aae?iiy caeaoi? o?eueee o? i?aaie, ui
aoaeooue iaea?eueo iiaii a?aoiaoaaoe an? iniaeeaino? iiia?aaeiuei?
aaiethoe??. Noi?noeaoe iieac i?aeoeee c aiae?cii oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue
oa i?aaiaeo ii?i, I. A?ooaanueeee aeia?a, ui a Ee?anuee?e ?on? oaeoe/ii
a?aeaoaaany i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy aea?aeaaiino? no?aeiiai neia’yinoaa.
Noni?euenoai ? aea?aeaaa ?nioaaee a oiiaao iaaeinoaoiuei?
no?oeoo?iaaiino?, aecia/aiino? ? ?aaeaiaioiaaiino? ae?yeueiino? ethaeae
? ?oi?o i?aai?caoe?e ye aeiiaaie ii?i ii?ae?, oae ? iieiaeaiiyie ii?i
ienueiiaiai i?aaa.

Aaaeeeai caa?iooe oaaao ia aeoieo I.A?ooaanueeiai i?i oa, ui naia i?ae
aieeaii oa?eoi???, o?ce/ieo iniaeeainoae ? eoeueoo?ieo aieea?a
caaa?oo?oueny oi?ioaaiiy c ieaiai ie?aii? aoiia?ao?/ii? eoeueoo?ii?
iaeeieoe?, iieiaiiaaii? oe?a?inueeei ia?iaeii. ?iciia?aeath/e i?i iiae?e
no?aeiineia’yinueeeo ieaiai, a/aiee aeae?e?a i?ai?/i?, i?aaeaii?,
cao?aei? ieaiaia, aeacaa ia nooi?noue ? ci?no iiiyoue «caiey» oa
«aieinoue», ia oa, ui iniiaith, neaeaoii aea?aeaae noaea nenoaia i?no ?
oaeoi??a ia oi?a?aaeueieo aei?iaao, i?aeii?yaeeiaaieo eiycyi ?
aa?i?ciiai ?on?. Aiai?y/e i?i cia/aiiy ? ?ieue eiycy Aieiaeeie?a Ia?oiai
(? — 1015) a aaiethoe?? aea?aeaaiino? ?on?, I. A?ooaanueeee aeacaa ia
aeiiiaiaiiy ca’yceo, ui caaacia/oaaany coneeeyie eoiaoeueei-ae?oaeeiiiai
oa?o, ca’yceii ?ae?a?eii-eoeueoo?iei, ii?aeiaiei c a?ae/ooiei aieeaii
iiaiai ee?anueeiai i?aaa. I?e oeueiio ?noi?ee cacia/a?, ui oe? ca’ycee
aoee a iniiaiiio ii?aeuei? ? eoeueoo?i?, ui aiie ia aoee a ciic?
oo?eiaoe aea?aeaao Aieiaeeie?a o oi?i? o?eaei neiinie?aeiaaiiai
iie?oe/iiai o?ea.

I?ney nia?o? Aieiaeeie?a Ia?oiai (? — 1015) ii/aeeny ni?iae
eiyc?a-iauaaee?a c’?aeiaoe a iaeieo ?oeao yeiiiaa a?eueoo oa?eoi??th,
ye? I.A?ooaanueeee ioe?ith? ye c oi/ee ci?o oni?oiino?, oae ? c oi/ee
ci?o o?eaaeino? aieiae?iiy c?a?aieie caieyie. I?ney ?iciia?ae? i?i
Ethaa/nueeee c’?cae a/aiee aeacaa, ui ine?eueee a ?iaio? c’?caeo a?aee
o/anoue eiyc? eeoa c /enea niaaeei?ioe?a ss?ineaaa ? ana ?iaeeiny ia
?iaeeii?e iniia?, ia?aae iaie ia aea?aeaaia, a ?iaeeiia ?aei?noue,
aeoaea iano?eeee «oai?eueiee» (ca aeneiaii I.A?ooaanueeiai) nithc.

Iaeiae ? ca oiia ?nioaaiiy oaeiai iano?eeiai nithco aoee i?aaie, ui
caaacia/oaaee ooieoe?iioaaiiy aea?aeaae. Iniiao neeaaeaei a?/a. Ia
aeoieo I.A?ooaanueeiai, oea — aei?aae/ee, caeiiiaeaa/ee, eieaa?aeueiee
i?aai, ye?e ia i?aaioa aei iino?eii? ieaiii??ii? ae?yeueiino?. Ii?yae c
a?/ai ae?yea ? aiy?nueea ?aaea, ui iaea cia/iee aieea ia eiycy ?
aieiaeeea i?aaii iaaiai?thaaoe an? ni?aae a?enueeiaiai ? oeea?eueiiai
oi?aae?iiy. Aeineoue aaaeeeaei ?ino?oiaioii ocaiaeaeaiiy ieai?a oa ae?e
aoee c’?caee eiyc?a, aea aiie, ye ? eiyc?anueeee aea??, a?/a oa
aiy?nueea ?aaea iaee (ye aeiaiaeeoue I.A?ooaanueeee) aeineoue
ianoi?iiaaiee oa?aeoa?, ui oneeaaeithaaei ?o ae?yeuei?noue. Aiai?y/e i?i
eiyc?anueeee aea??, ?noi?ee cacia/a?, ui /eiiaieee ii?aeioaaee
aea?aeaai? ooieoe?? c ooieoe?yie /enoi eiyc?anueeeo, i?eaaoieo
ainiiaea?nueeeo aaaio?a. Aaaeeeaei ? caoaaaeaiiy I.A?ooaanueeiai i?i oa,
ui ai? ae?oaeeia, ai? aiy?noai ia aoee niaoe?ae?ciaaieie ? a aeinoaoi?e
i??? aaoiiiiieie no?oeoo?aie. Aiai?y/e i?i i?noeaa? i?aaie aeaaee ?
oi?aae?iiy, aeena?oaio ioa?aeoa?ecoaaa iinaaeieea, oenyoeueeiai (ye?e
aaea ia iae?aany ianaeaiiyi, a i?ecia/aany eiycai), caaaeaa i?i oa, ui
iaei a?aeiiinoae caa?aaeiny i?i nioeueeeo, aeanyonueeeo, noa?ino,
noa?oe?a, aeia?eo ethaeae. Aiai?y/e i?i a?enueei, aeena?oaio aeacaa, ui
?aiethoe?y eiyc?anueei-ae?oaeeiii? nenoaie aeaaee ii/aeany c ??aiy
caaacia/aiiy ca?ieiiai i?ioan?eiiai caoenoo oa?eoi??? ? ianaeaiiy,
iaeiae ca?ieiee caoeno aoa eeoa iaeiei c caaaeaiue, aei?o/aieo aeaae?.

?ioei caaaeaiiyi aoa caoeno ni?aaaaeeeaino? aaciina?aaeiuei ?
niaoe?aeueii /a?ac noae. Naia oa?aeoa?enoeoe? onueiai, ui iia’ycaia c
oe?i aniaeoii ae?yeueiino? eiyc?anueei? aeaaee I.A?ooaanueeee e
i?eae?eea aaeeeo oaaao. A/aiee, ye iieacaei aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaa?a
a?aeiiino? i?i no?oeoo?o ? neeaae noaeo, iiaiiaaaeaiiy noaeiaeo
i?aaenoaaiee?a, i?e oeueiio aeae?e?a ia eeoa iiceoeai? iiiaioe, aea ?
iaaeie?ee. Oae, a/aiee aeacaa, ui a?iiaaenuee?noue aaea naiionoioeany
a?ae aeiiiiiae iiceaa/o, a eiyc?anuee? /eiiaieee ua ia acyee ia naaa an?
ooieoe??th noaeiaiai ? ne?ae/iai aia?ao?a, aeiiiiaaath/e iioa?i?eiio
o?eueee a?aoooaaoe i?aeic?thaaiiai. Aiai?y/e i?i iiooe cei/eioey,
I.A?ooaanueeee aeieeaaeii ioa?aeoa?ecoaaa «aii?iiy ne?aeo», «caeee/ ia
oi?ao» ? «ca?ae», nenoaio aeieac?a, caniae aeiaaaeaiiy aeiiino? aai
iaa?ioaaoino?, caa?ioa oaaao ia oa, ui ii?yae c i?aaiaiiyi eeoa
aecia/aoe ?ici?? iaoa??aeueiiai a?aeoeiaeoaaiiy ca nei?iee cei/ei, i?aai
aaeineiiaethaaei noa’?eoeaiee i?aeo?ae aei ioe?iee oieniino? cei/eio.

Aeieeaaeii ioa?aeoa?ecoaaaoe a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca e?aae?aeeo oa
cieuaiiy iaeia, a/aiee caa?ioa oaaao ia aeeoa?aioe?aoe?th
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ca nei?iiy aaeanoaa eiyc?anueei? ? i?inoi? ethaeeie,
ia oa, ui ae?ie noaeo aeeiioaaa iiceaa/, a aeaaea aeeiioaaea eeoa iaeio
i??o iiea?aiiy: «iio?e ? ?ica?aaoaaiiy» (caneaiiy c eiio?neaoe??th
iaeia).

I?aee?aneeaoe iniaeea?noue i?noey, ui caeia? o?enoeyinoai a eoeueoo?i?e
aaiethoe?? ?on?, I.A?ooaanueeee cacia/a?, ui caaaeyee ae?yeueiino?
eiyc?a Aieiaeeie?a ? ss?ineaaa i?aai?caoe?y oea?eae ia oe?a?inueeeo
caieyo aoea iaeaea caaa?oaia. Iaeii/anii a/aiee aeaco?, ui eiyc? ? aiy?a
ia aeciaaaee iaiaaeaiue, ui iaeeaaeathoueny ?oeeith o?enoeyinoaa ai? a
nai?io aeeoo?, ai? a nai?e iie?oeoe?. O?enoeyinueea i?iiia?aeue, ia
aeoieo a/aiiai, iiaea noaoe i?e/eiith e?ea?aeaoe?? oaeiai ?inoeoooo, ye
/aeyaeue. Oea?eaa ?on? aieiae?ea, ye aeiaiaeeoue ?noi?ee, iiooaeiith
oa?eoi??aeueiith i?aai?caoe??th: a aaeeeeo i?noao caniiaai? aoee
eaoaae?e, iiianoe??, aea a?aeiiinoae i?i oa, ca ?aooiie /iai oey
?icaaeoaeaia no?oeoo?a oo?eioaaeany, I.A?ooaanueeee iaaiaeeoue iaei:
aeanyoeia, aea?e aaaaoeo ethaeae, oea?eiaia aeani?noue, ieaoa ca
a?aei?aaeaiiy oea?eiaieo neoaea, ieaoa ca iinay/aiiy o nai aeeyeiia,
nayuaieea, ?ieneiia. A/aiee aeiaiaeeoue aeoeaio aca?iiae?th i?ae
oea?eiaiith oa na?onueeith aeaaeaie, caa?oa? oaaao ia ca??ee i?aaieo
ii?i, yeeie ea?oaaeany oea?eaa ?on?. Aeena?oaio cacia/a?, ui aca?iiae?y
oea?eae ? aea?aeaae ia aoea i?ioeanii, ae/a?iaiei a ia??iae ?nioaaiiy
Ee?anueei? ?on?. Oea — i?iaeaia, ae??oaiiy ie?aieo aniaeo?a yei?
noi?iaiaeaeoaaei no?aeieo neia’yi ? oiae?, eiee Ee?anueea ?onue noaea
iaaeaaiiyi aee?i, eaaaiae ? ia?aeac?a, eiee eiyc? ? ?o ae?yeuei?noue
iaaoee i?aieo o?aaeeoe??.

O aeniiaeao aeeeaaeaii iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? ?acoeueoaoe iaoeiaiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye? caiaeyoueny aei ne?aeoth/iai:

— Iacaaaeath/e ia iaeyaeia?noue a?aeaeca?eaeaiiy ?yaeo aaaeeeaeo aeey
oao?aoe?a iiiaio?a, a/aiiio a nai?o i?aoeyo aaeaeiny aeiaanoe, ui a
aeeoo? oa ae?yeueiino? ethaenueeeo ni?eueiio iaia? i?/iai iaeicia/iiai,
ui iaoaaaa aei iaaieo ia?aaeoiia ? neaiae?a caeaoia na?eicii oneeaaeieoe
? oiia?eueieoe i?inoaaiiy noni?euenoaa oa eiai
i?aai?caoe?eii-oi?aae?inueeeo no?oeoo? ii oeyoo i?ia?ano.

— I.A?ooaanueeee ?ice?ea ia?aae iaie ia iaeiicia/ii noaa?eueiee, a
ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae — e?ie a?ae aeiaea?aeaaiiai aeeooy aei aeeooy a
oiiaao ?nioaaiiy /?oei a?aeie?aieaii? a?ae a?eueoino? ia?iaeo
aea?aeaaii? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy ? aeaaee. A/aiee aeacaa ia ao?aoo
aaaaoueio aeaiie?aoe/ieo ?aeaae?a, ia oa, ui a iiaeo oiiaao ?aaeuei?noue
iaei noi?nia c ii?aeueieie ? aoe/ieie ianoaiiaaie, i?ae aeaaeith yeeo
ethaee ?on? aeeee noi??//yie.

— ?noi?ee iieacaa, ui iani?aaae? no?eaea c aeiaea?aeaaiino? aei
?icaeiaii? aea?aeaaiino? ia aoei. Iaa i?noea neeaaeiee ? o?eaaeee
ia?ao?ae, aanue iioaioe?ae ? iiaeeeaino? yeiai oae ? ia aoee ?aae?ciaai?
a aiioo Ee?anueei? ?on?. A/aiee aeaeae?e a?ae e?aei?o aacaiaeyoe?eieo
ioe?iie aoaeue yeiai oaeoo aai yaeua.

— I.A?ooaanueeee iaei i?eae?ey? oaaae i?iaeaiai aioiaiino? aea?aeaaii?
aeaaee ?on? ia ??aieo eiieo?oaaoe c oaeith aea?aeaaiith no?oeoo?ith,
yeith aoea a?caio?enueea. A/aiee ia i?eae?ey? i?noey aiae?co iiaiioe
ni?eeiyooy ?onnth na?oiaiai aeina?aeo aea?aeaaii? i?aai?caoe?? ? iieaco?
i?aeoeeo aeeooy c i?i?iaeueiei oai?aoe/iei aiae?cii ? i?iaiicii, ui
iniaeeai iii?oii i?e a?eueo oaaaeiiio iciaeiieaii? c iiceoe??th
I.A?ooaanueeiai noiniaii th?eaee/ieo i?iaeai ? ieoaiue.

— C th?eaee/ii? oi/ee ci?o a ?nioth/eo iei? iai’yoeao i?aaa oiai /ano
noaiiaeua i?aaenoaaiee?a iaaieo eean?a noni?euenoaa aoei cae??ieaii c
??ciei nooiaiai iiaiioe, a oa, ui ia aoei ioiieaii i?aaiaeie ii?iaie,
aeiiiaithaaeiny i?aeoeeith aca?iia?aeiinei, i?iaeaiiino?iaaiith
I.A?ooaanueeei ia noi??ieao «?noi??? Oe?a?ie-?one».

— Aeaoaeueii ioa?aeoa?ecoaaaoe oieii?a, caeoi?a, nia?ae?a, a/aiee
iieacaa, ui oea aoee ia i?inoi /?oei a?aeie?aieai? ae?oa a?ae ae?oaa
eeane noni?enueaa, aea /anoeie noni?eueii? no?oeoo?e, ui ciaoiaeeeany a
noai? aacia?a?aii? o?ainoi?iaoe??. Oaeaee?noue ? aeeaeia inoaiiuei?
i?iaeaiiino?iaaia I.A?ooaanueeei oeyoii iieaco a?aei?iiinoae i?ae
aeiiaaie ienueiiaiai i?aaa ? i?aeoeeith oiae?oiueiai aeeooy.

— Ca’ycoth/e anth ?ioi?iaoe?th, iaaeaio I. A?ooaanueeei a?aeiinii
i?aaiaiai noaiiaeua eean?a noni?euenoaa Ee?anueei? ?on? c aeaieie, ui
oa?aeoa?ecothoue aeaea?aea i?aaa, iiaeia aa/eoe, ui Ee?anueea ?onue oa
?? ianaeaiiy ?nioaaee, aeeee ? ae?yee o ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae, eiee
aea?aeaaa ? ienueiiaa i?aai ua ia iiaee, a noa?? eiiiiiaioe nenoaie
oi?aae?iiy aaea ia ai?ee ?aaaoaaoe aeinoaoiuei iiaii, aacia/ii ?
i?ioan?eii ia an? aeiiae /ano.

— I.A?ooaanueeee aeia?a, ui aaea ia ?aii?o noaae?yo ae?yeueiino?
eiyc?anueei-ae?oaeeiii? nenoaie aeaaee aeyaeany aeenaaeain i?ae
aaaeaiiyie eiyc?a, i?aaiaiiyie ia?iaeo ? /eiieeaie, ui caaacia/othoue
noaa?euei?noue ? i?ia?aneaiee ?icaeoie oa?eoi??aeueii? i?aai?caoe??.

— A/aiee i?yii aeaco? ia oa, ui ?aeeiei caaaeueiic?icoi?eei
aca?iica’yceii iano?eueee ??ciiiai?oieo oa?eoi??e aoa nii??aeiaiee
ca’ycie i?ae ?o aa?oiaieie i?aaeoaeyie. Caiaeii I.a?ooaanueeee i?eeaea
aei aaaeeeaiai aeniiaeo — ia?aae iaie — ia aea?aeaaia, a ?iaeeiia
?aei?noue aa?o?aee.

— ?icaeyaeath/e ? oa?aeoa?ecoth/e a?/a, aiy?nueeo ?aaeo, c’?caee
eiyc?a, eiyc?anueeee aea??, i?noeaa? i?aaie aeaaee ? oi?aae?iiy,
I.A?ooaanueeee caa?oa? oaaao ye ia iiceoeai?, oae ? ia iaaaoeai? iiiaioe
a ?o i?aai?caoe?? ? ae?yeueiino?.

— Aeeeaae I.A?ooaanueeiai na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui aeieeiaiiy ? ci?oeiaiiy
aea?aeaaii? i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy ? aeaaee cae?enithaaeeny a aeoaea
eiioe?eoiiio na?aaeiaeu?, a iino?eieo c?oeiaiiyo aeaaee c ia?iaeii e
oiio a/aiee i?eae?ey? cia/io oaaao ?icaeyaeo oiai, ye cae?enithaaany
caoeno ni?aaaaeeeaino?, i?aa ? naiaiae oeyoii noaeiaeo i?ioean?a. Iiaeia
aaaaeaoe, ui ?noi?ee caa?ioa oaaao ? ia neaa?noue aeaaee ? noaeo a
aniaeo? ni?iiiaeiino? aoaeoeaii ? oaeaeei iiea?aoe nai?ie neeaie aeiiiai
a nei?ii? cei/eio.

— Aiai?y/e i?i oea?eiaio i?aai?caoe?th, I.A?ooaanueeee caa?oa? oaaao ia
oae? i?iaeaie ? ieoaiiy, ye: iacaeaaei?noue oea?eae ?on? a?ae
eiinoaio?iiiieueneiai iao??a?oaoo, aaaeeea?noue ? cia/aiiy i?aeoe/ii?
ae?yeueiino? eiyc?a ? ?o niiai?iee?a aeey i?aeneeaiiy iiceoe?e iiai?
?ae?a?? ? oea?eiaii? i?aai?caoe??, aca?iiae?y oea?eae ? aea?aeaae o
aieea? ia a?iiaaenuee?noue ? ia neooaoe?th a oe?eiio. A/aiee
i?aee?aneea, ui ye i?ino? ethaee, oae ? iinaaeia? iniae oe?eeii ia
i?aaioee a iiai?e i??? aeeiioaaoe aeiiae o?enoeyinueei? ?ae?a??.

— Noi?noeaoe iieac i?aeoeee c aiae?cii oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue ?
i?aaiaeo ii?i, I.A?ooaanueeee aeia?a, ui a Ee?anuee?e ?on? oaeoe/ii
a?aeaoaaany i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy aea?aeaaiino? no?aeiiai neia’yinoaa.
Noni?euenoai ? aea?aeaaa ae?yee a oiiaao iaaeinoaoiuei?
no?oeoo?iaaiino?, aecia/aiino? ? ?aaeaiaioiaaiino? ae?e ethaeae ? ?o
i?aai?caoe?e ye aeiiaaie ii?ae?, oae ? iieiaeaiiyie ii?i ienueiiaiai
i?aaa.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii a ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Ai/a?i?eia Ae. ?. I. A?ooaanueeee i?i ?noi??th noai?aiiy oa
e?ei?iaeueia i?aai «?onueei? I?aaaee» // I?aai Oe?a?ie. — 1996. — ? 11.
— N. 55-60.

2. Ai/a?i?eia Ae. ?. I?aaa ethaeeie o aeiaea?aeaaio oa
?aiiueiaea?aeaaio aeiao ?noi??? Oe?a?ie (ni?iaa ii??aiyiiy ?aaeueiino?
?oiueiai caoenoo oa i?iaiico ia iaeaooi?) // I?aai Oe?a?ie. — 1997. — ?
3. — N. 73-77.

3. Ai/a?i?eia Ae. ?. Aea?aeaai?noue Ee?anueei? ?one i/eia I.
A?ooaanueeiai // Iaoeiaee a?niee OAAN.-1996. — ? 2. — N. 62-65.

4. Ai/a?i?eia Ae. ?. Ee?anueea ?onue: a?ae aeaiie?ao?? nithco ieaiai
aei oaaea?aoe?? // Iiaa iie?oeea. — 1997. — ? 1. — N. 53-55.

5. Ai/a?i?eia Ae. ?. *e ae?enii th?eaee/ia i?aai aoei ?aeeiei
?ino?oiaioii aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy noni?euenoaii a Ee?anuee?e ?on?? //
I?aai Oe?a?ie. — 1997. — ? 11. — N. 109-110, 115

6. Ai/a?i?eia Ae. ?. Iiaai?iaenueea oa Ee?anueea ?onue. I?iaeaia
c?oeiaiiy oa c’?aeiaiiy I?aii/? oa I?aaeiy // Iaoeiaee a?niee OAAN. —
1997. — ? 1. — N. 25-32

Ai/a?i?eia Ae. ?. Noni?eueiee ? aea?aeaaiee eaae Ee?anueei? ?on? a
?noi?e/i?e niaaeuei? I. A?ooaanueeiai. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy o/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 12.00.01. Oai??y oa ?noi??y aea?aeaae ? i?aaa;
?noi??y iie?oe/ieo ? i?aaiaeo a/aiue. — Iaoe?iiaeueia th?eaee/ia
aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie ?iai? ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai, Oa?e?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aeyaeaiith ? nenoaiaoecaoe?? iiaeyae?a ?
noaeaeaiue I. A?ooaanueeiai a?aeiinii aea?aeaaiiai ? noni?eueiiai eaaeo
Ee?anueei? ?on?. Anoaiiaeaii ? i?aeoaa?aeaeaii, ui aea?aeaaa ? i?aai
Ee?anueei? ?on? a aeeeaae? I. A?ooaanueeiai ? /anoeiaie neeaaeiiai
i?ioeano eoeueoo?ii? aaiethoe?? no?aeiiai neia’yinoaa a oe?eiio ?
oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo cie?aia, ui i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy aea?aeaae ? i?aaa
no?aeieo neia»yi a IO-OIV noi??//yo a?ae??ciyany iia?euei?noth ?
iaiiaiioith aeei?enoaiiy an?o iiaeeeainoae ? iioaioe?aeo, ui a
nueiaiaei?oi?o oiiaao aaaeeeai, aeei?enoiaoth/e aeinyaiaiiy iaoee,
noi?ioaaoe aeeeaaeaiiy ?noi??? Ee?anueei? ?on? ye aea?aeaae,
i???iooth/enue ia i?iaeaie ? ieoaiiy, aaaeeea? aeey th?eaee/ii? iaoee ?
i?aeoeee. Nenoaiaoecaoe?y i?io?eueii? aeey th?eno?a ?ioi?iaoe??,
iaaaaeaii? ye I. A?ooaanueeei, oae ? ?ioeie aeine?aeieeaie,
i?iaeaiiino?oaaea, ui a aiioo ?nioaaiiy Ee?anueei? ?on? ye aea?aeaaiee,
oae ? noni?eueiee eaae Ee?anueei? ?on?, no?aeiiai neia’yinoaa ? i?aaeoa/
oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo ciaoiaeeeenue a noaae?? oi?ioaaiiy ?
o?ainoi?iaoe??.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: Ee?anueea ?onue, noni?eueiee eaae, aea?aeaaiee eaae,
iai’yoee ienueiiaiai i?aaa, i?aaiaa noaiiaeua eean?a noni?euenoaa,
oa?eoi??y, i?aaie aeaaee ? oi?aae?iiy.

Ai/a?ieeia Ae.E. Iauanoaaiiue e ainoaea?noaaiiue no?ie Eeaaneie ?one a
enoi?e/aneii ianeaaeee I. A?ooaaneiai .- ?oeiienue

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 12.00.01 — Oai?ey e enoi?ey ainoaea?noaa e
i?aaa; enoi?ey iieeoe/aneeo e i?aaiauo o/aiee .- Iaoeeiiaeueiay
th?eaee/aneay aeaaeaiey Oe?aeiu eiaie ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai .- Oa?ueeia,
1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee nenoaiaoece?iaaiu acaeyaeu e noaeaeaiey I. A?ooaaneiai
ioiineoaeueii ainoaea?noaaiiiai e iauanoaaiiiai no?iy Eeaaneie ?one. I?e
yoii iniaia aieiaiea ia?auaii ia naaaeaiey, i?aaenoaaeaiiua enoi?eeii ia
no?aieoeao «?noi??? Oe?a?ie — ?one». Iieo/aiiay niaieoiiinoue aeaiiuo
auea aeiiieiaia naaaeaieyie, niaea?aeaueieny a ?aaioao ae?oaeo enoi?eeia
e th?enoia.

Ia?auaii aieiaiea ia oi, eae I. A?ooaaneee oa?aeoa?ecoao ia?eiae,
i?aaeoanoaiaaaoee ia?aciaaieth Eeaaneie ?one. Ia iniiaa eco/aiey o?oaeia
I. A?ooaaneiai, niaea?aeaueo naaaeaiey i ainoaea?noaaiiii e iauanoaaiiii
no?ia Eeaaneie ?one, naeaeaia iiiuoea i?eaeeceoueny e oi?ie?iaaieth
i?aaenoaaeaiey i i?iaeaiao e aii?inao, ia?aoaiiinoue eioi?uo a aeoaieie
ae?aaiinoe ?acei caiaaeeeea yaiethoeeth ainoaea?noaaiiinoe e i?aaa
ainoi/iiai neaayinoaa.

Ia i?aoaiaeoy ia en/a?iuaathuoth iieiioo, enneaaeiaaiea iaia/aao iauea
e iaeaieaa cia/eoaeueiua aniaeou, ?ane?uoea eioi?uo ia iniiaa
nia?aiaiiiai iai o?iaiy ciaiee iiaeao noi?ie?iaaoue eceiaeaiea enoi?ee
Eeaaneie ?one eae ainoaea?noaa n oii?ii ia aiaeec i?iaeai, oaeoia,
aniaeoia e aii?inia, aaaeiuo aeey th?eaee/aneie iaoee e ia iaoiaeyueo a
/enoi enoi?e/aneie eeoa?aoo?a nenoaiaoe/aneiai e iieiiai eceiaeaiey.

Ia?auaii aieiaiea ia oi, eae I. A?ooaaneee oa?aeoa?ecoao aeooiaioth e
iaoa?eaeueioth eoeueoo?o ainoi/iineaayineeo a oeaeii e oe?aeineeo a
iniaaiiinoe ieaiai, eae enoi?ee ioeaieaaao oaeea iaiyoieee ienueiaiiiai
i?aaa, eae aeiaiai?u ?one, «?onneoth I?aaaeo», eiyaeaneea oea?eiaiua
onoaau. I?aaei?eiyoa iiiuoea ?anniio?aoue a ea/anoaa enoi/ieea i?aaa
Aeaeeth. Nenoaiaoece?iaaiu noaeaeaiey I. A?ooaaneiai ioiineoaeueii
i?aaiaiai iieiaeaiey oieiiia, caeoiia, e?anoueyi e iauai.
I?iaiaeece?iaaii iiaiea I. A?ooaaneiai ioiineoaeueii i?aaenoaaeoaeae
ciaoe: eiycy, aiy?noaa, aeooiaainoaa. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi iaaeinoaoi/iinoue
enoi/ieeiaie aacu, ia iicaieeaoay enoi?eeo en/a?iuaathua
ioa?aeoa?eciaaoue i?aaiaia iieiaeaiea eaaeaeiai ec eeannia iauanoaa
Eeaaneie ?one, aeieacuaaao oaeo iaoiaeaeaiey no?oeoo?u iauanoaa Eeaaneie
?one a ninoiyiee i?aeoe/anee iai?a?uaiie o?ainoi?iaoeee. Auno?ioa e
iieiioa iineaaeiae auea i?iaeaiiino?e?iaaia I. A?ooaaneei iooai iieaca
ioee/ee iaaeaeo o?aaiaaieyie nouanoaiaaaoeo a oi a?aiy ii?i ienueiaiiiai
i?aaa e i?aeoeeie ?aaeueiie aeecie.

I?e ?anniio?aiee oaeeo i?iaeai, eae enoi?e/aneee oei ainoaea?noaa,
oa??eoi?ey, oeaio?aeueiua e ianoiua i?aaiu aeanoe e oi?aaeaiey, a?iey,
noae, oea?eiaue ia?auaii aieiaiea ia oi, /oi I. A?ooaaneee aeieacuaaao
aaaeiinoue niaa?oainoaa e onoie/eainoe oa??eoi?eaeueiie i?aaiecaoeee
Eeaaneie ?one aeey oniaoiinoe aeayoaeueiinoe aa aeeoaeae, oeacuaaao ia
iaiaoiaeeiinoue aeoeaiiai o/anoey ia?iaea a oi?aaeaiee ainoaea?noaii.

Niaianoea iieac i?aeoeee n aiaeecii oai?aoe/aneeo iieiaeaiee e i?aaiauo
ii?i, enoi?ee aeieacae, /oi a Eeaaneie ?one inouanoaeyeny i?ioeann
oi?ie?iaaiey ainoaea?noaaiiinoe ainoi/iiai neaayinoaa. Iauanoai e
ainoaea?noai nouanoaiaaee a oneiaeyo iaaeinoaoi/iie no?oeoo?e?iaaiiinoe,
ii?aaeaeaiiinoe e ?aaeaiaioe?iaaiiinoe aeayoaeueiinoe ethaeae e eo
i?aaiecaoeee eae o?aaiaaieyie ii?i ii?aee, oae e ienueiaiiiai i?aaa.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: Eeaaneay ?onue, iauanoaaiiue no?ie, ainoaea?noaaiiue
no?ie, iaiyoieee ienueiaiiiai i?aaa, i?aaiaia iieiaeaiea eeannia
iauanoaa, oa??eoi?ey, i?aaiu aeanoe e oi?aaeaiey.

Bocharnikov D.I. Sosial and state system of Kiev Rus in historic
inheritance of M.S.Grushevsky.- Manuskript.

Thesis (dissertation) for Candidate degree (Ph.D) — law sciences — on
specialty 12.00.01.- Theory and History of the State and Law; History of
Political and Law Studies.- National Academy of Ukraine named after
Yaroslav Mudry.- Kharkiv, 1999

The thesis is devoted to definiton and systematization of opinions and
points of viev of M. Grushevsky concerting state and social system of
Kiev Rus.

It has been acknowledged and proved, that state and law of Kiev Rus in
description of M. Grushevsky. are the parts of complicated process of
cultural evolution of the East Slavs in the whole and the Ukrainian
people in particular; that is the process of the formation of state and
law of the East Slavs in IX-XIV centuries is characterized by the slow
pace and by the incompleteness of the application of all possibilities
and potential; in today`s conditions it is important to utilize the
achievements of science, to form the description of the history of Kiev
Rus as the state guiding by problems and questions important for legal
science and practical activities.

Systematization of important information for lawyers presented both by
M. Grushevsky. and by other sholars demonstrated, that in the epoch of
Kiev Rus both state and social structure of Kiev Rus, the East Slavs and
the ancestors the Ukrainian nation were in the stage of formation and
transformation.

Keys words: Kiev Rus, social structure, state system, relicts of the
ancient written laws, legal status of social classes, territory, ruling
and administrative bodies.

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