IAOe?IIAEUeIA TH?EAeE*IA AEAAeAI?ss OE?A?IE

?iai? ss?INEAAA IOAe?IAI

Ooiaiyioe

Aioo ?iaa?o?aia

OAeE 343.1

Noaeiaee eiio?ieue ca caeiii?noth ? iaa?oioiaai?noth i?ioeanoaeueieo
??oaiue i?aai?a aeinoaeiaiai ne?aenoaa

Niaoe?aeuei?noue: 12.00.09 – e?ei?iaeueiee i?ioean

oa e?ei?iae?noeea; noaeiaa

aenia?oeca

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a – 1998

Aeena?oaoe?y yaey? niaith ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? e?ei?iaeueiiai i?ioeano Iaoe?iiaeueii?
th?eaee/ii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?iai? ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai I?i?noa?noaa
ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – Caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee ? oaoieee Oe?a?ie,
aeaaeai?e Aeaaeai?? i?aaiaeo iaoe Oe?a?ie, aeieoi? th?eaee/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani?, a?oea-i?aceaeaio Aeaaeai?? i?aaiaeo iaoe Oe?a?ie, A?ioaaee
TH??e Ieoaeeiae/

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: Caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie, aeaaeai?e
Aeaaeai?? i?aaiaeo iaoe Oe?a?ie, aeieoi? th?eaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
Iaoe?iiaeueii? th?eaee/ii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?iai? ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai,
Eiiiaaeiaa Aeieaooa Iiaeyi?aia

eaiaeeaeao th?eaee/ieo iaoe, i?ieo?i? Oa?e?anueei? iaeano?, aea?aeaaiee
?aaeiee thnoeoe?? 3-ai eeano E?eaiaie Aieiaeeie? Aaneeueiae/

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — a?aeae?e e?ei?iaeueii-i?aaiaeo oa e?ei?iieia?/ieo
i?iaeai ?inoeoooo aea?aeaae ? i?aaa ?iai? A.I. Ei?aoeueeiai
Iaoe?iiaeueii? aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “18” n?/iy 1999?. i 11.00 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.086.01 a Iaoe?iiaeuei?e th?eaee/i?e
aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?iai? ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai

(310024, i. Oa?e?a, aoe. Iooe?inueea, 77).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueii?
th?eaee/ii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?iai? ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai

(310024, i. Oa?e?a, aoe. Iooe?inueea, 77).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “17” a?oaeiy 1998?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaeeTH. I. Aeoye

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeueiinoue oaie aeineiaeaeaiiy. Eiinoeoooeiy Oe?a?ie (no. 3)
i?iaieineea, ui ethaeeia, ?? aeeooy, caei?ia’y, /anoue i aiaeiinoue,
iaaeioi?eaiiinoue i aaciaea aeciathoueny a Oe?a?ii iaeaeuith
nioeiaeueiith oeiiiinoth. I?aaa i naiaiaee ethaeeie oa ?o aa?aioi?
aecia/athoue ciino i ni?yiiaaiinoue aeiyeueiinoi aea?aeaae. Aeoiaey/e ic
oeueiai iniiaiiieiaeiiai i?eioeeio a?iiaaeyinueeiai noniieuenoaa i
i?aaiai? aea?aeaae, Iniiaiee Caeii Oe?a?ie cae?iiea i aecia/ea i?aaiaee
iaoaiici caaacia/aiiy ioi?iie iacaaieo oeiiiinoae iniae, iniaeeaa ?ieue
a yeiio i?eiaeaaeeoue noaeiaie aeaaei, ?? i?aaiai oa iinoeoooai.

Eaeaoueny i?i oaei i?aaa i naiaiaee ethaeeie, iaiaaeaiiy yeeo
aeiionea?oueny oieueee ca ?ioaiiyi noaeo (no.no. 29-31 Eiinoeoooei?
Oe?a?ie). Eiinoeoooei?th oaeiae ia?aaeaa/aii, ui ani ?ioaiiy, aei? /e
aacaeiyeueiinoue i?aaiia aea?aeaaii? aeaaee, i?aaiia iinoeaaiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy, iinaaeiaeo i neoaeaiaeo inia, ui ii?ooothoue i?aaa i
naiaiaee a?iiaaeyi, iiaeooue aooe inea?aeaii a noaei (no. 55).

A Iniiaiiio Caeiii Oe?a?ie cae?iieaii iiai, ?aiio ia aiaeiii
oe?a?inueeiio eiinoeoooeieiiio i?aao aa?aioi? naiaiaee i
iaaeioi?eaiiinoi eiaeii? ethaeeie, ui iiaiith ii?ith aiaeiiaiaeathoue
iiaeia?iaeii-i?aaiaei noaiaea?oai, yei ?aaoeththoue i?aaiaa noaiiaeua
iniae, i?eoyaiooi? aei e?eiiiaeueii? aiaeiiaiaeaeueiinoi (Anacaaaeueiie
Aeaeea?aoei? i?aa ethaeeie (no. 29), Iiaeia?iaeiiio iaeoo i?i
a?iiaaeyinueei i iieioe/ii i?aaa (no.no. 9, 12), ?a?iiaenueeie
eiiaaioei? i?i caoeno i?aa ethaeeie i iniiaieo naiaiae (no.no. 13, 14)
oa iioei iiaeia?iaeiei iaeoai, ui noinothoueny i?aaiaiai noaiiaeua oei??
eaoaai?i? a?iiaaeyi).

Eiinoeoooeiy Oe?a?ie ni?eeiyea ani iaeaaaeeeaioi iiaeia?iaeii noaiaea?oe
a noa?i caoenoo i?aa ethaeeie i a?iiaaeyieia. Oei naiei iaeii/anii c
iaaoooyi aea?aeaaii? iacaeaaeiinoi Oe?a?ie iiaee?aneaii, ui aiia aoaea
eoe aeaiie?aoe/iei oeyoii, aiaeaeath/e aacoiiaiee i?ii?eoao caoenoo i?aa
iniae.

A onio noa?ao i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy, a oiio /enei e o e?eiiiaeueiiio
noaei/einoai, iathoue iaea?aeaoe ?icaeoie i eiie?aoecaoeith
ooiaeaiaioaeueii i?eioeeie, ia yeeo aacothoueny aca?iiaiaeiineie iiae
i?aaiaith aea?aeaaith i iniaith: aa?oiaainoai caeiio, iaiaaeaiinoue i
iiaecaeiiiinoue aea?aeaaii? aeaaee, iaaiae’?iiinoue, iaii?ooiinoue oa
iaaeioi?eaiiinoue i?aa i naiaiae iniae, aca?iia aiaeiiaiaeaeueiinoue
aea?aeaae i iniae.

Oei iieiaeaiiy iaaoaathoue iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy aeey
e?eiiiaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueii? aeiyeueiinoi, ineieueee aiia ii?aeiaia c
aoi?aiaiiyi a iniaenoa aeeooy a?iiaaeyi, iaiaaeaiiyi o aeiaaeeao,
ia?aaeaa/aieo caeiiii, ?o i?aa i naiaiae, canoinoaaiiyi caoiaeia
i?ioeanoaeueiiai i?eiono. ?aaeicaoeiy a e?eiiiaeueiiio caeiiiaeaanoai
i?eioeeiia i?aaiai? aea?aeaae ? i?aaii/iith ia?aaeoiiaith caaacia/aiiy
i?aa i caeiiieo iioa?ania a?iiaaeyi, yei caeo/athoueny aei noa?e
e?eiiiaeueiiai noaei/einoaa, iniaeeai a yeinoi oaeeo eiai o/anieeia, ye
iiaeic?thaaii i iaaeioaa/aii.

Iaoeiiiaeueia caeiiiaeaanoai cia/ii ?icoe?eei eiio?ieueio ooieoeith
noaeo ca ?ioaiiyie i?aaiia aeinoaeiaiai neiaenoaa, cae?iieaoe a no.no.
2361-2362 i 2365-2366 E?eiiiaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiai eiaeaeno i?aai ia
inea?aeaiiy a noae iinoaiia i?aaio aeiciaiiy, neiae/iai, i?ieo?i?a i?i
aiaeiiao a ii?ooaiii e?eiiiaeueii? ni?aae i i?i cae?eooy e?eiiiaeueii?
ni?aae.

Caiaene aeieea? ia’?eoeaia iaiaoiaeiinoue o aaeineiiaeaiii
e?eiiiaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiai iaoaiicio ioi?iie i?aa, naiaiae i
iaaeioi?eaiiinoi iniae, a yeiio ae?ioaeueia ?ieue iaeaaeaea a noaeiaie
aeaaei.

I?iaeaie ioi?iie naiaiaee i iaaeioi?eaiiinoi iniae a e?eiiiaeueiiio
i?ioeani (a oe?ieiio ieaii) ?ic?iaeyee A. I. Aiaeue?a, I. I. Aoaeeii, C.
Ae. ?iiea?a, I. N. Eiaeieia, C. O. Eia?iaa, A. I. Ei?ioeia, I. Ae.
Ia?eia, I. E. Iao?ooii, I. I. Iieyinueeee, A. I. Naaeoeueeee, I. N.
No?iaiae/, I. I. *oaieaa oa ii. Ia?niaeoeaai ?icaeoeo noaeiaiai
eiio?ieth a noaaei? aeinoaeiaiai neiaenoaa i?enay/aii /eneaiii noaooi.
Cie?aia, ?icii aniaeoe eiio?ieueii? aeiyeueiinoi noaeo aenaioethaaee N.
I. Aa?aiyi, A. O. A?ceaieii, I. ?. A?eionia, A. Aieei, I. Ae. Aieeia, A.
Ae. A?eioeaa, A. I. Aaeoci, I. A. Icioiaa, A. I. Eice?aa, I. I.
Eieieieia, E. I. Ianeaiieeiaa, A. I. Iieaiae?ia, I. Iiaeyiaiei, I.
?aiaoei, A. I. ?ioeii, I. I. Nooeaiia, I. I. Nieieiaa, E. A. *a?a/oeiia
oa ii.

?acii c oei a iaoeiaeo ?iaioao ?icaeyaeathoueny eeoa ie?aii aniaeoe
eiio?ieueii? aeiyeueiinoi noaeo i a iaooei iiee ui aiaenooi? eiiieaenia
aeineiaeaeaiiy aaaaoiieaiiai? noeoiiinoi ieoaiue, ui ioiieththoue
oai?aoe/ia o?aeooaaiiy iinoeoooo noaeiaiai eiio?ieth. Cie?aia,
aeneiaeaii noia?a/eeai aeoiee uiaei i?aaeiaoa noaeiaiai eiio?ieth, eiea
noa’?eoia, yei iathoue i?aai ia inea?aeaiiy, ?o i?aaiaiai noaoono, a
oaeiae ianyao i iaae noaeiaiai eiio?ieth a noaaei? aeinoaeiaiai
neiaenoaa.

Aiaeiiaiaeii aei iiaeia?iaeieo iaeoia i a naioei Eiinoeoooei? Oe?a?ie
iiaeaeuo?oueny ?ieue noaeo a iaoaiicii ioi?iie aeeoo?aeo oeiiiinoae i
aeaa iniae, yei ca/iiathoueny ia aeinoaeiaeo noaaeiyo e?eiiiaeueiiai
i?ioeano. Oea icia/a?, ui noaeiaee eiio?ieue a noaaei? aeinoaeiaiai
neiaenoaa iineoue aa?aioieiee i?aaiioi?iiiee oa?aeoa? uiaei ye ethaeeie,
a?iiaaeyieia, oae i i?aainoaeaey o e?eiiiaeueieo ni?aaao, ineieueee aii
iieeeeaiee onoiooe ii?ooaiiy caeiiiinoi i oaeei /eiii noai?eoe oiiae
aeey ii?iaeueiiai ?ooo ni?aae ia ianooiieo aoaiao noaei/einoaa. Iiae oei
ia ani ia?aei/aii yaeua i?eaa?ioee oaaao aeineiaeieeia, iacaaaeath/e ia
?o aaeeea cia/aiiy aeey iaoee i i?aeoeee.

?iaiith ii?ith aeooaeueiei ? e ieoaiiy i?i oa, ianeieueee ?aaeaiaioaoeiy
oe?a?inueeiai e?eiiiaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiai i?aaa i?i noaeiaee eiio?ieue
ia aeinoaeiaeo noaaeiyo e?eiiiaeueiiai i?ioeano ocaiaeaeo?oueny c
?a?iiaenueeeie i iiaeia?iaeieie noaiaea?oaie.

Cacia/aii ianoaaeie, aeooaeueiinoue i iaaeinoaoiy ?ic?iaeaiinoue
i?iaeaie iaoiiaeee e aeai? oaie aeena?oaoeieiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy.

Aeena?oaoeiy aeeiiaia caiaeii c ieaiii iaoeiaeo aeineiaeaeaiue eaoaae?e
e?eiiiaeueiiai i?ioeano Iaoeiiiaeueii? th?eaee/ii? aeaaeaii? Oe?a?ie ii.
ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai i ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith oeieueiai? eiiieaenii?
i?ia?aie «I?iaeaie aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aaiicaoei? i aeiyeueiinoi noaeo oa
i?aaiioi?iiieo i?aaiia a oiiaao oi?ioaaiiy nioeiaeueii? i?aaiai?
aeaiie?aoe/ii? aea?aeaae» ? 0186.0.099031.

Iaoa i caaea/i aeineiaeaeaiiy. Iniiaia iaoa aeena?oaoei? iieyaa? a
eiiieaeniiio ?icaeyaei noaiiaeaiiy i nooiinoi noaeiaiai eiio?ieth ye
ooieoei? noaeiai? aeaaee, c’ynoaaiii eiai iinoey i cia/aiiy a
e?eiiiaeueiiio noaei/einoai Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae o aecia/aiii oeyoia
oaeineiiaeaiiy ?icieo aniaeoia iacaaii? noaeiai? aeiyeueiinoi ye
aa?aioie i?aa, naiaiae, iioa?ania ethaeeie i a?iiaaeyieia.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe aaoi?ii ae?iooaaeeny ianooiii iniiaii
caaea/i:

— ?ice?eoe aca?iica’ycie noaeiai-eiio?ieueii? aeiyeueiinoi oa ooieoeie
noaeiai? aeaaee;

— ?ic?iaeoe iniiae eiioeaioei? noaeiaiai eiio?ieth ia aeinoaeiaeo
noaaeiyo e?eiiiaeueiiai noaei/einoaa;

— aecia/eoe i?aaeiao noaeiaiai eiio?ieth, eiei noa’?eoia, yei iathoue
i?aai ia inea?aeaiiy, ?o i?aaiaee noaoon, a oaeiae ianya i iaaei
noaeiaiai eiio?ieth a noaaei? aeinoaeiaiai neiaenoaa;

— eeaneoieoaaoe aeaee i oi?ie noaeiaiai eiio?ieth caeaaeii aiae
i?aaeiaoa inea?aeaiiy, a oaeiae ?icaeyiooe i?ioeaaeo?o eiai caeieniaiiy,
iieacaoe ?? aeinoi?inoaa i iaaeieiee;

— inieneeoe nooiinoue, oi?io oa ciino i?ioeanoaeueieo aeoia, ui
i?eeiathoueny ii caaa?oaiii eiio?ieueii? aeiyeueiinoi noaeo a noaaei?
aeinoaeiaiai neiaenoaa.

Iaoiaeieiaiy i iaoiaeeea aeineiaeaeaiiy. A i?ioeani aeineiaeaeaiiy
canoiniaoaaeeny aeiaeaeoe/iee iaoiae iaoeiaiai iiciaiiy, a oaeiae ie?aii
iaoeiai iaoiaee: nenoaiii-no?oeoo?iee, inoi?e/iee,
ii?iaiyeueii-i?aaiaee, noaoenoe/iee, nioeiieiai/iee, eiaiei-th?eaee/iee
oa ii.

Oai?aoe/iith iniiaith aeena?oaoei? iineoaeeee i?aoei o/aieo-th?enoia o
aaeoci caaaeueii? oai?i? i?aaa, e?eiiiaeueiiai,
e?eiiiaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiai i?aaa. A aniaeoi ?icaeyaeoaaii? i?iaeaie
aoee aeineiaeaeaii iinoaiiae Ieaioio Aa?oiaiiai Noaeo Oe?a?ie, ?ioaiiy
Eiinoeoooeieiiai Noaeo Oe?a?ie, aei?aaiethoeieia caeiiiaeaanoai
?inienueei? iiia?i?, caeiiiaeaanoai iioeo aea?aeaa (?ini?, Iieaeiae,
Iiia//eie, Aaeeei? A?eoaii?, NOA), iinoaiiae Aa?oiaiiai Noaeo
?inienueei? Oaaea?aoei?, ?ioaiiy Eiinoeoooeieiiai Noaeo ?inienueei?
Oaaea?aoei?, i?iaeoe EIE Oe?a?ie, ?O, Iiaeaeueiee E?eiiiaeueiee Eiaeaen
NIAe.

Ii?iaoeaiith aacith ?iaioe ?: Eiinoeoooeiy Oe?a?ie, iieiaeaiiy
Anacaaaeueii? Aeaeea?aoei? i?aa ethaeeie, Iiaeia?iaeiiai iaeoo i?i
a?iiaaeyinueei i iieioe/ii i?aaa, ?a?iiaenueei? eiiaaioei? i?i caoeno
i?aa ethaeeie i iniiaieo naiaiae, e?eiiiaeueia,
e?eiiiaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueia caeiiiaeaanoai.

Aiii?e/io aaco ?iaioe neeaee iaoa?iaee 398 nea?a ia iinoaiiae i?aaio
aeiciaiiy, neiae/iai, i?ieo?i?a i?i aiaeiiao a ii?ooaiii e?eiiiaeueii?
ni?aae i i?i cae?eooy e?eiiiaeueii? ni?aae, a oaeiae ia naieoei?
i?ieo?i?a ia a?aoo, aea/aieo a noaeao i. Oa?eiaa i Oa?eianueei? iaeanoi
a 1995-1997 ??., aeaii, iaea?aeaii ia iiaenoaai aiaeico aeecueei 100
iinoaiia i?aceaei? Oa?eianueeiai iaeaniiai noaeo noiniaii oeeo ieoaiue.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoeieiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui a
iueiio c?iaeaii ni?iao ?icaeyiooe ieoaiiy, iia’ycaii c inoi?i?th
?icaeoeo iinoeoooo noaeiaiai eiio?ieth, nooiinoth eiio?ieueii?
aeiyeueiinoi noaeo ye ooieoei? noaeiai? aeaaee, aecia/eoe iinoea
noaeiaiai eiio?ieth a nenoaii i?ioeanoaeueieo aa?aioie caoenoo i?aa i
caeiiieo iioa?ania iniae a naioei Eiinoeoooei? Oe?a?ie, yea iinoeoue
ieceo iiaeo, i?eioeeiiaeo iieiaeaiue, a oaeiae c iiceoei?
iiaeia?iaeii-i?aaiaeo aeieoiaioia o aaeoci i?aa ethaeeie.

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny oaei iniiaii iieiaeaiiy:

— ciinoii eiio?ieueii? ooieoei? noaeo ? caoeno eiinoeoooeieieo i?aa
a?iiaaeyi oeyoii ia?aai?ee canoinoaaiiy caoiaeia
e?eiiiaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiai i?eiono, iia’ycaieo c iaiaaeaiiyi oeeo
i?aa; ?? iineiaeiaia caeieniaiiy — aaaeeeaa aa?aioiy i?aaiii/iinoi
canoinoaaiiy oeeo iaiaaeaiue. Aiaecia/a?oueny, ui ca nai?th i?e?iaeith
eiio?ieueia aeiyeueiinoue noaeo ca caeiiiinoth i iaa?oioiaaiinoth
i?ioeanoaeueieo ?ioaiue i?aaiia aeinoaeiaiai neiaenoaa ?
th?enaeeeoeieiith oa ni?yiiaaia ia ae?ioaiiy i?aaiaeo eiioeieoia, yei
aeieeathoue iiae o/anieeaie e?eiiiaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueii? aeiyeueiinoi oa
i?aaiaie, yei caeieniththoue aeinoaeiaa neiaenoai;

— ia iiaenoaai aiaeico iniiaieo naioiaeo iiaeaeae noaeiaiai eiio?ieth
i?iiiio?oueny iaoaiici iiieaiaioaoei? oeeo oi?i eiio?ieth a
E?eiiiaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiee eiaeaen Oe?a?ie, yeee ?ic?iaey?oueny;

— noaeiaee eiio?ieue o noaaei? aeinoaeiaiai neiaenoaa aeeth/a? aei naaa
ianooiii iiiaioe. Ii-ia?oa, ?icaeyae iaoa?iaeia, eiee o anoaiiaeaiiio
caeiiii ii?yaeeo oiiaiiaaaeaieie ia oea noa’?eoaie iia?aoeaii-?icooeiai?
aeiyeueiinoi, e?eiiiaeueiiai i?ioeano aenoaa?oueny ieoaiiy i?i
iaiaaeaiiy eiinoeoooeieieo i?aa a?iiaaeyi, yeui oaea iaiaaeaiiy iiaeeeai
ia iiaeoa ye ia iiaenoaai noaeiaiai ?ioaiiy (no.no. 29-31 Eiinoeoooei?
Oe?a?ie). O aeena?oaoei? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeniiaie i?i oa, ui noaeiaee
eiio?ieue iiaeiai aooe iioe?aiee oaeiae ia ia?aiiy oaeeo caoiaeia
e?eiiiaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiai i?eiono, ye aiaenoi?iiaiiy iaaeioaa/aiiai
aiae iinaaee, iaeeaaeaiiy a?aooo ia iaeii, iiiiuaiiy iniae ia
noaoeiiia?io noaeiai-iaaee/io /e noaeiai-ineoiao?e/io aenia?oeco.
Ii-ae?oaa, ?icaeyae nea?a onio caoeieaaeaieo o/anieeia e?eiiiaeueiiai
noaei/einoaa ia ?ioaiiy i?aaio aeiciaiiy, neiae/iai, i?ieo?i?a, eiee
i?aaiaie iiia?aaeiueiai ?icneiaeoaaiiy, i?ieo?i?ii aeianaii ?ioaiiy, yea
i?eieiy? iiaeaeueoee ?icaeyae ni?aae o noaei. I?iiiio?oueny, uia o noaei
inea?aeoaaeeny i oaei i?ioeanoaeueii ?ioaiiy, ye aiaeiiaa o i?eeiyooi
cayae i?i a/eiaiee cei/ei oa iinoaiiaa i?i cae?eooy e?eiiiaeueii?
ni?aae. Ii-o?ao?, o iiaiio E?eiiiaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiio eiaeaeni
Oe?a?ie aeioeieueii ia?aaeaa/eoe i?aai caoeieaaeaieo inia caa?oaoeny aei
noaeo i a oeo aeiaaeeao, eiee nea?aa ia aei? neiae/iai i?ieo?i?ii ia
?icaeyaea?oueny /e, ca aeoieith oeeo inia, iaiaa?oioiaaii aiaeoeeaia;

— c’yniao?oueny niiaaiaeiioaiiy i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo oa noaeiaiai
eiio?ieth ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi caeiiia i?aaiaie aeinoaeiaiai neiaenoaa oa
iaa?oioiao?oueny aeniiaie i?i oa, ui eiio?ieueia ooieoeiy noaeo
iaoiiaeaia oei i/aaeaeiei iieiaeaiiyi, ui i?ieo?i?, yeee caeienith?
iaaeyae ca aeeiiaiiyi caeiio a aeinoaeiaiio i?iaaaeaeaiii, ? o/anieeii
oeueiai i?iaaaeaeaiiy. Cie?aia, ia oea iaiaeii?aciai caa?oaa oaaao
?a?iiaenueeee noae ii i?aaao ethaeeie o eiie?aoieo ni?aaao;

— ?icaeyaeathoueny ieoaiiy iiaenoaa inea?aeaiiy iinoaiia i?i aiaeiiao a
ii?ooaiii e?eiiiaeueii? ni?aae oa i?i cae?eooy ni?aae; ooi/ith?oueny
i?ioeanoaeueiee ii?yaeie iiaea/i nea?ae; aenaioeth?oueny aeoiea i?i
iaiaoiaeiinoue ?icoe?aiiy eiea inia, yei iathoue i?aai ia i?eianaiiy
nea?a ia iinoaiiao i?i aiaeiiao a ii?ooaiii e?eiiiaeueii? ni?aae oa i?i
cae?eooy ni?aae; ii ni?aaao aeaii? eaoaai?i? aeineiaeaeo?oueny
i?ioeanoaeueia noaiiaeua inia, yei aa?ooue o/anoue o noaeiaiio ?icaeyaei
a ii?yaeeo, ia?aaeaa/aiiio no.no. 2362, 2366 EIE; aiaeicothoueny aeaee
i?ioeanoaeueieo ?ioaiue, yei i?eeiathoueny noaeii ii aeaiie eaoaai?i?
ni?aa; c’yniaothoueny oeiiai noaeiai iiieeee oa oi?ioeththoueny
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii ?aeiiaiaeaoei?, ni?yiiaaii ye ia aeiiiaiaiiy ii?i
/eiiiai EIE, yeee ?aaeaiaioo? cacia/aii aiaeiineie, oae i ia
aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aeoeee ?o canoinoaaiiy;

— c’yniao?oueny i?aaeiao nea?ae ia naieoeith i?ieo?i?a ia a?aoo;
?icaeyaea?oueny niaoeeoiea i?aaiaiaeiinei o aeaiie neooaoei?;
iaii/athoueny iaaei ?icaeyaeo noaeii iioeo ieoaiue, yei aeieeathoue o
oiaei ia?aai?ee i?aaiii/iinoi aeie i?ieo?i?a; ?ice?eaa?oueny i?aaiaee
noaoon inia, yei aa?ooue o/anoue o noaeiaiio ?icaeyaei ii ni?aaao aeaii?
eaoaai?i?; ooi/iy?oueny eiei i?ioeanoaeueieo aeieoiaioia yei
iiaeeyaathoue iai?aaeaiith a noae; inieneththoueny nooiinoue, oi?ia oa
ciino i?ioeanoaeueieo aeoia, yei i?eeiathoueny ii caaa?oaiii ?icaeyaeo
nea?ae noaeaeath; aiaecia/a?oueny, ui oa?aeoa?iei aeey oeueiai aeaeo
?ioaiue ? oa, ui noae ia? iiaeeeainoue ia?aoe oaeee caiiaiaeiee caoiae,
ye o?eiaiiy iiae aa?oith. Ia iiaenoaai i?iaaaeaiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy aoee
noi?ioeueiaaii i?iiiceoei?, ni?yiiaaii ia aaeineiiaeaiiy
e?eiiiaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiai iaoaiicio ioi?iie i?aa, naiaiae oa
iaaeioi?eaiiinoi ethaeeie;

— i?iiiio?oueny i?ioeanoaeueiee ii?yaeie inea?aeaiiy a noae ?ioaiue i?i
aiaenoi?iiaiiy iaaeioaa/aiiai aiae iinaaee, iaeeaaeaiiy a?aooo ia iaeii,
iiiiuaiiy iniae ia noaoeiiia?io noaeiai-iaaee/io /e noaeiai-ineoiao?e/io
aenia?oeco, a oaeiae aiaeiiae i?ieo?i?a o ?icaeyaei nea?a caoeieaaeaieo
inia ia aei? neiae/iai; ?icaeyaea?oueny i?aaiaee noaoon iniae, yea
iiaeaea nea?ao; aeineiaeaeothoueny iniaeeainoi noaeiaiai ?icaeyaeo ni?aa
aeaii? eaoaai?i? oa aeaee ?ioaiue, yei i?eeiathoueny iiney eiai
caaa?oaiiy.

Oai?aoe/ia i i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui a iie
aeineiaeaeaii iniiaii ieoaiiy noaeiaiai eiio?ieth ia iiia?aaeiueiio
?icneiaeoaaiii ye iinoeoooo noaeiai? aeaaee. Aeniiaee i i?iiiceoei?
aeena?oaioa iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoaii i?e ?ic?iaoei iiaiai EIE,
i?aeoe/iie aeiyeueiinoi noaeaeia, iia’ycaiie c i?ioeaaeo?ith ?icaeyaeo
nea?a a ii?yaeeo no.no. 2361-2366 /eiiiai EIE.

?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoaii i?e iiaeaioiaoei
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo iiniaieeia, iaoiaee/ieo aeaciaie, a iaa/aeueiiio
i?ioeani i?e aea/aiii aiaeiiaiaeieo ?icaeieia
e?eiiiaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiai i?aaa oa niaoeeo?nia.

Aeey iiaeeaeaiiai aea/aiiy aeaii? i?iaeaie aeioeieueii aaanoe a
iaa/aeueiee i?ioean th?eaee/ieo aocia i oaeoeueoaoia niaoeeo?n «Noaeiaee
eiio?ieue a noaaei? aeinoaeiaiai neiaenoaa».

Iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa. Iaoeiai ?acoeueoaoe iaea?aeaii
aeena?oaioii iiae /an aaciina?aaeiueiai aeineiaeaeaiiy i e?eoe/iiai
inieneaiiy iiiaae 190 iaoeiaeo oa ii?iaoeaieo aeaea?ae, a oaeiae ia
iiaenoaai ocaaaeueiaiiy noaeiai? i?aeoeee, i?iaaaeaiiai aeena?oaioii o
1995-1997 ??. A ?iaioi iaa?oioiaothoueny aeayei oai?aoe/ii iieiaeaiiy, a
oaeiae aeathoueny i?aeoe/ii ?aeiiaiaeaoei? uiaei iiaeaeueoiai
oaeineiiaeaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa a noa?i noaeiaiai eiio?ieth. I?e
aeineiaeaeaiii iaeii ieoaiiy iinoaaeaii aaoi?ii oia?oa, iioi —
?icaeyiooi ii-iiaiio, c a?aooaaiiyi iaeiiaioiai caeiiiaeaanoaa c aeaieo
ieoaiue ye Oe?a?ie, oae i ca?oaiaeieo e?a?i.

Ai?iaaoeiy ?acoeueoaoia aeineiaeaeaiiy. Aeena?oaoeiy iiaeaioiaeaia ia
eaoaae?i e?eiiiaeueiiai i?ioeano Iaoeiiiaeueii? th?eaee/ii? aeaaeaii?
Oe?a?ie ii. ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai, i?aaenoaaeaia i iaaiai?aia ia caniaeaiii
eaoaae?e, noaaeaia iath i ?aeiiaiaeiaaia aei caoenoo.

Aeeeaaeaii aaoi?ii i?iiiceoei? uiaei aeiiiaiaiiy, ciiie oa
oaeineiiaeaiiy /eiiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa iaaeineaii aei ?iai/i? a?oie ii
?ic?iaoei i?iaeoo iiaiai EIE Oe?a?ie.

Aeniiaee, ui iinoyoueny a aeena?oaoei?, aeei?enoiaothoueny a
Iaoeiiiaeueiie th?eaee/iie aeaaeaii? Oe?a?ie i?e aeeeaaeaiii iaa/aeueii?
aeenoeeieiie «E?eiiiaeueiee i?ioean», a nenoaii iiaeaeuaiiy
eaaeioieaoei? i?aoeiaieeia i?aaiioi?iiieo i?aaiia i i?aoeiaieeia
thnoeoei?, a oaeiae a iaoeiai-aeineiaeieoeueeie ?iaioi nooaeaioia.

Ioaeieaoei?. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoei? aaoi?ii iioaeieiaaii 3 noaooi i 3
oace iaoeiaeo aeiiiaiaeae oa iiaiaeiieaiue.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Caaaeueiee ianya aeena?oaoei? — 161 n. ?iaioa
neeaaea?oueny ic anooio, o?ueio ?icaeieia, ainueie iiae?icaeieia,
aeniiaeia, nieneo aeei?enoaii? eioa?aoo?e (191 iaeiaioaaiiy).

INIIAIEE CIINO ?IAIOE

O anooii iaa?oioiaothoueny aeai? oaie aeena?oaoei?, ?? aeooaeueiinoue,
aecia/athoueny oeiei, caaea/i oa iaoiaee aeineiaeaeaiiy, eiai
iaoiaeieiai/ii iniiae, ?ice?eaathoueny i?aeoe/ia i oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy
?iaioe, ?? iiaecia, oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia
caoeno.

?icaeie ia?oee «Nooiinoue noaeiaiai eiio?ieth ca caeiiiinoth i
iaa?oioiaaiinoth i?ioeanoaeueieo ?ioaiue i?aaiia aeinoaeiaiai neiaenoaa»
neeaaea?oueny ic aeaio iiae?icaeieia, i?enay/aieo ?icaeyaeo ieoaiue,
iia’ycaieo c iiaeia?iaeii-i?aaiaeie ii?iaie uiaei ?iei noaeo a caoenoi
i?aa i caeiiieo iioa?ania iniae a e?eiiiaeueiiio noaei/einoai, a oaeiae
c eiio?ieueiith ooieoei?th noaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi i?aa ethaeeie a oiaei
aeinoaeiaiai neiaenoaa.

O aeena?oaoei? i?iaiaeiciaaii iaeaaaeeeaioi iieiaeaiiy iiaeia?iaeieo
aeoia, a yeeo aeaeea?othoueny caaaeueiiethaenueei oeiiiinoi oa i?eioeeie
i?aa i naiaiae ethaeeie, i ?iaeoueny aeniiaie i?i oa, ui noaeiaee
eiio?ieue ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi oeeo i?aa ? iaeaieueo aeieiaith oi?iith
caoenoo i?aa i naiaiae, a oaeiae ioi?iithaaieo caeiiii iioa?ania
ethaeeie i a?iiaaeyieia. I?aai ia noaeiaee caoeno ? iaeiei ic
eiinoeoooeieieo i?aa ethaeeie i a?iiaaeyieia, aea ia aiaeiiio aiae iioeo
i?aa aiii neoao? aa?aioi?th anio i?aa i naiaiae ethaeeie i a?iiaaeyieia.
A oeueiio — eiai iniaeeainoue i iniiaia oeiiiinoue. Noaeiaee caoeno o
i?aaiaie aea?aeaai aenooia? iaeaieueo aoaeoeaiith oi?iith caaacia/aiiy
i?aa iniae.

Ia iiaenoaai aea/aiiy inoi?i? ?icaeoeo iinoeoooo noaeiaiai eiio?ieth i c
a?aooaaiiyi ca?oaiaeiiai aeinaiaeo eiai ooieoeiiioaaiiy aeena?oaio
aeioiaeeoue aeniiaeo, ui iinoeooo noaeiai? ia?aai?ee caeiiiinoi oa
iaa?oioiaaiinoi ?ioaiue i aeie i?aaiia aeinoaeiaiai neiaenoaa ?
noi?iiaaiei i?aaiaei iinoeoooii, iiaoaeiaaiei ia aeaiie?aoe/ieo
canaaeao. Aeinaiae eiai ooieoeiiioaaiiy ia? aeineoue aeaaii o?aaeeoei?,
ia?aai?aiee aaaaoi?i/iith i?aeoeeith i iiaea aooe caiice/aiee i?e
eiino?othaaiii aiaeiiaiaeieo ii?i iiaiai oe?a?inueeiai
e?eiiiaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa.

Oia?oa noaeiaee eiio?ieue aoa ooieaiee a ciaiaieoiio Habeas Corpus Act,
yeee aoa i?eeiyoee a Aiaei? a 1679 ?. i ia?aaeaa/aa i?aai ia inea?aeaiiy
o?eiaiiy iiae aa?oith a noae i aooe aeneooaiei noaeii, eio?ee aoa ai?aai
neanoaaoe a?aoo i caiiieoe eiai canoaaith. Aiaeiai/ii Habeas Corpus Act
caeiie aoee i?eeiyoi a Oioeaiaei? (1701 ?.) oa I?eaiaei? (1781 ?.).
Ca?ac iiaeiaia i?ioeaaeo?a inio? a NOA, Iiia//eii, O?aioei? oa iioeo
e?a?iao.

Aeaei (ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeineiaeaeaiiy iniiaieo naioiaeo iiaeaeae
noaeiaiai eiio?ieth) iaa?oioiao?oueny aaoi?nueea oi/ea ci?o i?i iaoaiici
iiieaiaioaoei? oeeo oi?i eiio?ieth a ?ic?iaethaaiee EIE. I?iiiio?oueny
?aaeaiaioaoeiy ii?yaeeo aeaea/i i?aea?a ia a?aoo, a oaeiae iaea?aeaiiy
naieoei? ia canoinoaaiiy caiiaiaeiiai caoiaeo o aeaeyaei o?eiaiiy iiae
aa?oith. Nooiinoue oeeo i?ioeaaeo? iieyaa? a oiio, uia noae, iath/e o
nai?th ?icii?yaeaeaiii aeoiee iaaeioaa/aiiy i caoenoo, c a?aooaaiiyi
iaoa?iaeia ni?aae, iioa?ania iioa?iiei? noi?iie iaa ?aaeueio
iiaeeeainoue i?eeiyoe caeiiia, iaa?oioiaaia oa ni?aaaaeeeaa ?ioaiiy ca
iayaiinoi aeaieo, ui iiaeoaa?aeaeothoue oaeo o/anoi iniae, ui iiaeeyaa?
a?aooo, a o/eiaiii aiaeiiaiaeiiai cei/eio.

Aeena?oaio iaa?oioiao? aeoieo i?i oa, ui a i?iaeoi iiaiai EIE Oe?a?ie
aeioeieueii neiino?othaaoe ii?ie, yei noinothoueny iaea?aeaiiy aeicaieo
ia canoinoaaiiy oaeeo caoiaeia e?eiiiaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiai
i?eioooaaiiy, ye aiaenoi?iiaiiy iaaeioaa/aiiai aiae iinaaee, iaeeaaeaiiy
a?aooo ia iaeii, iiiiuaiiy iniae ia noaoeiiia?io noaeiai-iaaee/io /e
noaeiai-ineoiao?e/io aenia?oeco.

A iaooei ia neeaeiny iaeiinoaeii? aeoiee uiaei i?e?iaee noaeiaiai
eiio?ieth a noaaei? aeinoaeiaiai neiaenoaa. Iaeii o/aii-i?ioeanoaeinoe
(A. A. Neeoiae/, A. I. Oeeeiiiia) aeiaea?aeothoueny i?eioeeio
«aacia?a?aiinoi» noaeiaiai eiio?ieth, a oiio /enei iiae /an aeinoaeiaiai
neiaenoaa. A oeie noaaei? aeinoaeiaiai neiaenoaa noae o ieo ia? aeaeyae
nai??iaeiiai ii aiae eiai i ii aiae /iai iacaeaaeiiai «a?aio?a», yeee
oieueee e oei caeia?oueny, ui ae?ioo? nii?e iiae noi?iiaie iaaeioaa/aiiy
i caoenoo. Iiaiaeeoeny c ?o iiaeyaeii ia nooiinoue noaeiaiai eiio?ieth
ia iiaeia, ineieueee aeiyeueiinoue noaeo a oaeeo aeiaaeeao caiaeeoueny
aei ?ica’ycaiiy eiioeieoia iiae ?icieie iinoaioeiyie, ui ia ? ooieoei?th
noaeiai? aeaaee. Ae?oai o/aii-i?ioeanoaeinoe (Ae. I. Aaea?a, A. A.
Eei/eia, TH. I. Oaae?ii, I. I. Nooeaiia, I. A. Icioiaa), aoaeo/e
i?eai/ieeaie noa?iai, canoa?aaeothoue, ui caeieniaiiy noaeii eiio?ieth a
noaaei? iiia?aaeiueiai ?icneiaeoaaiiy ia oieueee ia?aeico? neiaenoai,
ia?aoeiaeaeaoeia ai?ioueai ci cei/eiiinoth, a e iiaei?aa aaoi?eoao
i?aainoaeaey ye naiinoieiiai aeaeo aea?aeaaii? aeiyeueiinoi, ineieueee
noaee aoaeooue ca’ycaii i?eeiyoeie ieie a noaaei? iiia?aaeiueiai
?icneiaeoaaiiy ?ioaiiyie. I, ia?aooi, o?aoi o/aii (I. I. Eieieieia, I.
I. Ea?ii, E. I. Ianeaiieeiaa, A. I. Ieeaiae?ia, A. Iiaeyiaiei)
aaaaeathoue, ui noaee ca nai?th i?e?iaeith iieeeeaii caaacia/eoe
aeiaea?aeaiiy anio caeiiieo i?aa, iioa?ania ethaeeie, iniaenoinoi,
a?iiaaeyieia. ?aaeicaoeiy oei?? eiioeaioei? a caeiiiaeaanoai Oe?a?ie oa
iioeo e?a?i NIAe i?ecaaea aei oiai, ui iinooiiai neeaany iiaeaaeocaaee
iinoeooo noaeiaiai eiio?ieth, ?iciiaeaeii yeiai ? noaeiaee eiio?ieue a
e?eiiiaeueiiio i?ioeani ca aeiyie i?aaiia aeiciaiiy, aeinoaeiaiai
neiaenoaa, i?ieo?i?a ia aeinoaeiaeo noaaeiyo e?eiiiaeueiiai
noaei/einoaa.

O i?aaiaie aea?aeaai ia noae, e?ii caeieniaiiy ooieoeie i?aainoaeaey,
iieeaaea?oueny iaia’ycie ?ica’ycoaaoe eiioeieoe, ui aeieeathoue a ?icieo
noa?ao a?iiaaenueeiai aeeooy. Oiio noae aenooia? aa?aioii aeiaea?aeaiiy
aea?aeaaith i?aa i naiaiae ethaeeie. Eiinoeoooeiy Oe?a?ie aa?aioo?
oe?ieo nenoaio i?aaiaiai caoenoo aiae aoaeue-yeeo aeie aai
aacaeiyeueiinoi aaeiiiino?aoeaieo i?aaiia oi?aaeiiiy; noai?aiee
?aaeueiee iaoaiici aiaeiiaiaeaeueiinoi aea?aeaae ia?aae ethaeeiith,
caeieniaiiy iath iaia’yceia ii caaacia/aiith i?aa i naiaiae iniae. A
?iaioi iiaee?aneth?oueny, ui i?aai ia caa?iaiiy a noae iaia? aeiyoeia,
oiaoi ani ?ioaiiy, aei? aai aacaeiyeueiinoue i?aaiia aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aaeiiiy a aoaeue-yeeo oi?iao iiaeooue aooe ia?aai?aii i?aaiaie
i?aainoaeaey: Eiinoeoooeieiei Noaeii Oe?a?ie — a ?aci ii?ooaiiy
eiinoeoooeieieo i?aa a?iiaaeyi caeiiiaeaaoeai; caaaeueieie noaeaie — a
?aci ii?ooaiiy oeeo i?aa aeeiiaa/ith aeaaeith.

A noa?i e?eiiiaeueiiai noaei/einoaa noae aiaeiiaiaeii aei no. 124
Iniiaiiai Caeiio Oe?a?ie caeienith? ooieoeith i?aainoaeaey. ?acii c oei
Eiinoeoooeiy Oe?a?ie (no.no. 29-31) iieeaaea? ia noae iiaiiaaaeaiiy
uiaei aea/i naieoei? ia a?aoo, i?iieeiaiiy aei aeeoea /e aei iioiai
aieiaeiiiy iniae, i?iaaaeaiiy a ieo iaeyaeo /e iaooeo, a oaeiae
i?ineooiaoaaiiy oaeaoiiieo ?iciia, eiio?iethaaiiy oaeaa?aoii? oa iioi?
ei?aniiiaeaioei?. *eiia e?eiiiaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueia caeiiiaeaanoai
(no.no. 2361, 2363, 2365 EIE) ia?aaeaa/a? i?aai ia inea?aeaiiy a noae
iinoaiia i?aaiia aeiciaiiy, neiae/iai, i?ieo?i?a i?i aiaeiiao o
ii?ooaiii e?eiiiaeueii? ni?aae, i?i cae?eooy ni?aae, a oaeiae naieoei?
i?ieo?i?a ia a?aoo. O ca’yceo c oeei noaee Oe?a?ie ui?i/ii
?icaeyaeathoue aeecueei 6 oen. iaoa?iaeia. Cae/aeii eiaeia o?aoy nea?aa
caaeiaieueiy?oueny.

Aiaeic iiiyoue i?aainoaeaey, yei ? a th?eaee/iie eioa?aoo?i,
iacaaaeath/e ia aeayei ?o aiaeiiiiinoi, aeicaiey? c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i
oa, ui ooieoeiy i?aainoaeaey oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ianooiieie iciaeaie: 1)
oea aeiyeueiinoue, yea caeienith?oueny noaeii o niaoeiaeueiie
i?ioeanoaeueiie oi?ii; 2) aiia iia’ycaia c ?icaeyaeii o noaeiaeo
caniaeaiiyo e?eiiiaeueieo i oeeaieueieo ni?aa; 3) o noa?i e?eiiiaeueiiai
noaei/einoaa c iath iia’ycaia ae?ioaiiy iniiaiiai ieoaiiy ni?aae — i?i
aeiiinoue aai iaaeiiinoue iniae, yea i?eoyao?oueny aei e?eiiiaeueii?
aiaeiiaiaeaeueiinoi. ?icaeyaeath/e c oeeo iiceoeie aeiyeueiinoue noaeo
uiaei caeieniaiiy eiio?ieth ca ?ioaiiyie i?aaiia aeinoaeiaiai neiaenoaa,
caeiaoaa/ aeioiaeeoue aeniiaeo i?i oa, ui ? ani iiaenoaae aiai?eoe e i?i
iioo ooieoeith, a naia: i?i eiio?ieueio ooieoeith noaeo a e?eiiiaeueiiio
noaei/einoai.

O aeena?oaoei? iaaiaeeoueny aaoi?nueea aecia/aiiy iiiyooy noaeiaiai
eiio?ieth, caiaeii c yeei ciinoii eiio?ieueii? ooieoei? noaeo ? caoeno
eiinoeoooeieieo i?aa a?iiaaeyi oeyoii ia?aai?ee canoinoaaiiy caoiaeia
e?eiiiaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiai i?eioooaaiiy, iia’ycaieo c iaiaaeaiiyi
oeeo i?aa; ?? iineiaeiaia caeieniaiiy — aaaeeeaa aa?aioiy i?aaiii?iinoi
canoinoaaiiy oeeo iaiaaeaiue. Iaa?oioiao?oueny aeaeieaiiy ianooiieo
iciae, yei oa?aeoa?ecothoue eiio?ieueio ooieoeith noaeo: 1) a oiaei
caeieniaiiy oei?? aeiyeueiinoi ia ae?ioo?oueny ieoaiiy i?i aeiiinoue aai
iaaeiiinoue iniae, yea i?eoyao?oueny aei e?eiiiaeueii?
aiaeiiaiaeaeueiinoi; 2) iniiaiei i?aaeiaoii oei?? aeiyeueiinoi ?
ia?aai?ea i?aaiii?iinoi canoinoaaiiy aei inia caoiaeia i?ioeanoaeueiiai
i?eioooaaiiy, yei iaiaaeothoue eiinoeoooeieiee i?eioeei iaaeioi?eaiiinoi
iniae; 3) noae caeienith? ia?aai?eo ?ioaiue i?aaiia aeinoaeiaiai
neiaenoaa, iia’ycaieo ic caeii/aiiyi i?iaaaeaeaiiy o ni?aai a oeieiio a
aeinoaeiaeo noaaeiyo i?ioeano.

?icaeaath/e niiaaiaeiioaiiy noaeiaiai eiio?ieth i i?ieo?i?nueeiai
iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi caeiiia ia aeinoaeiaeo aoaiao e?eiiiaeueiiai
noaei/einoaa, aeena?oaio iiaee?aneth?, ui i?aaiaa i?e?iaea noaeiaiai
eiio?ieth ca aeinoaeiaei neiaenoaii inoioii aiae?iciy?oueny aiae
i?ieo?i?nueeiai iaaeyaeo a oeie noaaei? e?eiiiaeueiiai i?ioeano.

I?ieo?i? ? o/anieeii aeinoaeiaiai neiaenoaa. Noae, ia aiaeiiio aiae
i?ieo?i?a i neiae/iai, ia ? i?aaenoaaieeii i?aaio iaaeioaa/aiiy, aii
oaeiae ia i?aaenoaaey? noi?iio caoenoo. Aeaia ianoaaeia i?eionea?
iaoia?aaeaeaiinoue i iacaeaaeiinoue noaeo. Oiio ani i?ioeanoaeueii
?ioaiiy, yei a oie /e iioie ii?i iaiaaeothoue i?aaa a?iiaaeyi, iathoue
iaia’yceiai aai naieoeiiioaaoeny noaeii, aai inea?aeoaaoeny a noae. Oei
naiei noai?ththoueny aa?aioi? caeiiiinoi oa iaa?oioiaaiinoi ?ioaiue, ui
i?eeiathoueny iei.

Iicaaaeaii aeinoaoiuei? a?aoiaioaoei? aeiaiaee i?ieo?i?nueeeo
i?aoeiaieeia aiaeiinii oiai, ui aianeiaeie iaai?ii? ioeiiee iaoa?iaeia
ni?aae ia aiei iieiyeeny iaaacia/ii cei/eioei, yei, nei?enooaaaoenue
?ioaiiyi noaeo i?i caieueiaiiy c-iiae aa?oe, noiaaeeny aiae neiaenoaa, a
?acoeueoaoi /iai e?eiiiaeueii ni?aae uiaei ieo aoee i?ecoieiaii.
I?aeoeea naiae/eoue, ui i?aaie i?ieo?aoo?e ia aciici iaeaaeiei /eiii
caaacia/eoe aeiiae caeiio i?e ia?aiii caiiaiaeiiai caoiaeo o aeaeyaei
o?eiaiiy iiae aa?oith. Oae, eiaeia o?aoy nea?aa caa?aooiaaiiai ia
naieoeith i?ieo?i?a ia a?aoo caaeiaieueiy?oueny noaeaie. C /enea
caieueiaieo noaeaie c-iiae aa?oe a ii?yaeeo no.no. 2363, 2364 EIE o 1997
?. noiaaeiny aiae neiaenoaa 2,2%. Oei /anii a noaeao c eiaeiei ?ieii
neoi/o?oueny ana aieueoa e?eiiiaeueieo ni?aa, i?iaaaeaeaiiy ca yeeie
i?eieiaii a ca’yceo c ?icooeii iaaeioaa/aieo c oi?? i?e/eie, ui i?aaie
i?ieo?aoo?e aaciiaenoaaii ia canoinoaaee aei ieo caiiaiaeiee caoiae o
aeaeyaei o?eiaiiy iiae aa?oith. Ia ei?enoue oiai, ui noaee,
caeienithth/e noaeiaee eiio?ieue ca caeiiiinoth i iaa?oioiaaiinoth
a?aooo, i?eeiathoue caeiiii, iaa?oioiaaii oa, ui iaiaeiaaaeii,
ni?aaaaeeeai ?ioaiiy, naiae/eoue e oa, ui a 1997 ?. o eanaoeieiiio
ii?yaeeo ii Oa?eianueeie iaeanoi ii?ioanoiaaia eeoa eiaeia 19 iinoaiiaa
noaeaei i?i ciiio caiiaiaeiiai caoiaeo uiaei iaaeioaa/aiiai. Oaeei
/eiii, iiaeoaa?aeaeo?oueny oa ianoaaeia, ui ieii inioth/ee iinoeooo
ia?aiiy oaeiai caiiaiaeiiai caoiaeo, ye o?eiaiiy iiae aa?oith, iio?aao?
na?eiciiai aaeineiiaeaiiy.

?icaeie ae?oaee «E?eiiiaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea noaeiaiai
?icaeyaeo nea?a ia naieoeith i?ieo?i?a ia a?aoo» iinoeoue /ioe?e
iiae?icaeiee, a yeeo aeineiaeaeothoueny i?aaeiao aeieacoaaiiy
(ia?aai?ee) ii nea?aao ia naieoeith i?ieo?i?a ia a?aoo, i?ioeanoaeueia
noaiiaeua inia, yei aa?ooue o/anoue a noaeiaiio ?icaeyaei nea?a aeaii?
eaoaai?i?, i?ioeanoaeueiee ii?yaeie inea?aeaiiy a noae naieoei? ia
a?aoo, a oaeiae oi?ia i ciino i?ioeanoaeueieo aeoia, yei i?eeiathoueny
iiney caeii/aiiy ?icaeyaeo nea?ae noaeaeath.

Ia i?aeoeoei iaeaieueo iioe?aiei ? inea?aeaiiy a noae naieoei? i?ieo?i?a
ia a?aoo, aea iino?oiaioa?i?i, ui i?eaiaeeoue a aeith iinoeooo noaeiaiai
eiio?ieth, neoao? nea?aa a?iiaaeyieia ia iacaeiiiinoue aai
iaiaa?oioiaaiinoue ?ioaiiy i?i a?aoo. O aeena?oaoei? oeueiio ieoaiith
i?eaeieaii iniaeeao oaaao.

A ?acoeueoaoi aiaeico ii?i /eiiiai caeiio i aeineiaeaeaiiy cia/iiai
ianeao eiie?aoieo neooaoeie iioi/ii? i?aaicanoinia/i? i?aeoeee caeiaoaa/
oi?ioeth? aeanii caeiiiaeaa/i i?iiiceoei?, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

Ae?iooth/e ieoaiiy, iia’ycaii c i?aaeiaoii aeieacoaaiiy (ia?aai?ee) ii
nea?aao ia naieoeith i?ieo?i?a ia a?aoo, aeena?oaio cacia/a?, ui aiaeic
/eiiiai e?eiiiaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa a /anoeii, ui
?aaoeth? aecia/aiiy i?ioeanoaeueieo i oaeoe/ieo iiaenoaa aeey i?eeiyooy
i?ioeanoaeueieo ?ioaiue, aeicaiey? aeieoe aeniiaeo, ui a i?eioeeii
iiaeia aiai?eoe i?i i?aaeiao aeieacoaaiiy i?e i?eeiyooi iaaieo
i?ioeanoaeueieo ?ioaiue, iai?eeeaae, iinoaiiae i?i ia?aiiy oaeiai
caiiaiaeiiai caoiaeo, ye o?eiaiiy iiae aa?oith. I?ioa a oeueiio
eiioaenoi aeieea? ieoaiiy: /e iiaeia aiai?eoe i?i i?aaeiao aeieacoaaiiy
uiaei nea?a, iai?eeeaae, ia naieoeith i?ieo?i?a ia a?aoo? Aeena?oaio
aaaaea?, ui ooo ana ae ei?aeoiioa aiai?eoe i?i i?aaeiao ia?aai?ee, ai
naia noae ia?aai?y? i?aaeeueiinoue ia?aiiy oaeiai caiiaiaeiiai caoiaeo,
ye o?eiaiiy iiae aa?oith, a ia anoaiiaeth? iiai ianoaaeie a aeaiiio
eiie?aoiiio aeiaaeeo ia?aiiy oaeiai caiiaiaeiiai caoiaeo.

Aiineoueny i?iiiceoeiy uiaei ?icoe?aiiy eiea noa’?eoia, yei iathoue
i?aai iiaeaoe a noae nea?ao ia ?ioaiiy i?i canoinoaaiiy caiiaiaeiiai
caoiaeo o aeaeyaei o?eiaiiy iiae aa?oith.

Iaa?oioiao?oueny aeoiea i?i iaiaoiaeiinoue iaaeieaiiy i?aaii iiaea/i
iiaeiaii? nea?ae iaaeioaa/aiiai, iiaeic?thaaiiai, a oiio /enei inia,
uiaei yeeo caiiaiaeiee caoiae ia?aiee, aea ua ia aeeiiaiee (cie?aia,
eiee oaea iniaa oiaa?oueny), a oaeiae caoenieeia oa caeiiieo
i?aaenoaaieeia. Iioi iniae oaeiai i?aaa ia iathoue.

I?iiiio?oueny cae?iieoe a e?eiiiaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiio caeiiiaeaanoai
i?aaeei, caiaeii c yeei noaeiaa ia?aai?ea caeiiiinoi i iaa?oioiaaiinoi
a?aooo o aiaenooiinoi iniae, yea o?eia?oueny iiae aa?oith,
aeiionea?oueny eeoa o aeiyoeiaeo aeiaaeeao, eiee oey iniaa cayaey?
eeiiioaiiy i?i ?icaeyae nea?ae ca ?? aiaenooiinoi, aai ca aeaniith
iiioeiaoeaith aiaeiiaey?oueny aiae o/anoi a caniaeaiii, aai iiae /an
noaeiaiai caniaeaiiy ia?aaoaa? ia noaoeiiia?iie ineoiao?e/iie
aenia?oeci, aea a oeueiio ?aci iaia’yceiaith ? o/anoue caoenieea.

Aeineiaeaeoth/e ieoaiiy, iia’ycaii c o/anoth caoenieea o noaeiaiio
?icaeyaei nea?ae ia naieoeith i?ieo?i?a ia a?aoo, aeena?oaio aecia/a?,
ui eiee ?acii ci nea?aith cayaey?oueny eeiiioaiiy i?i o/anoue caoenieea,
yeee ?aiio ia a?aa o/anoi iiae /an neiaenoaa, oi iathoue aooe aaeeoi
caoiaee uiaei caaacia/aiiy iaaeioaa/aiiai caoenieeii, iaaioue yeui
aeiaaaeaoueny aiaeeeanoe ?icaeyae nea?ae. Iaaeioaa/aiee o aoaeue-yeee
/an iiaea ?aaeicoaaoe nai? i?aai nei?enooaaoeny iineoaaie aaeaieaoa.

Ia i?aeoeoei aeieea? ieoaiiy: ooi iiaeiai iiaeaaaoe caoenieeo iaoa?iaee,
yei iaaeneeathoueny aei noaeo ia iiaeoaa?aeaeaiiy caeiiiinoi i
iaa?oioiaaiinoi canoinoaaiiy o?eiaiiy iiae aa?oith ye caiiaiaeiiai
caoiaeo — neiae/ee /e noaeaey? A ?iaioi aiaeicothoueny iieiaeaiiy no. 48
EIE a /anoeii iaaeieaiiy caoenieea i?aaii ciaeiieoeny c iaoa?iaeaie, yei
iaa?oioiaothoue ia?aiiy caiiaiaeiiai caoiaeo, a oaeiae no. 2364 EIE, yea
ia?aaeaa/a? i?ioeaaeo?o noaeiai? ia?aai?ee caeiiiinoi i iaa?oioiaaiinoi
a?aooo, i ?iaeoueny iaeiicia/iee aeniiaie i?i oa, ui ineieueee caeii ia
caaaeo? i?i i?aai caoenieea ciaeiieoeny c iaoa?iaeaie, yei iaaeieoee aei
noaeo aiae neiae/iai /e i?ieo?i?a, oi caoeniee iia ae nei?enoaoeny nai?i
i?aaii, caa?ioaoenue aei neiae/iai.

Iaa?oioiaothoueny noaeaeaiiy i?i oa, ui a ?aci inea?aeaiiy a noae
naieoei? i?ieo?i?a ia a?aoo iniaith, yea o?eia?oueny iiae aa?oith, eiai
caoenieeii /e caeiiiei i?aaenoaaieeii a iaia’yceiaiio ii?yaeeo neiae
iiaiaeiieyoe i?i oea iioa?iieiai i a?aoiaoaaoe aeoieo inoaiiueiai i?e
?icaeyaei nea?ae a noaeiaiio caniaeaiii. Aei iaia’yceia i?aaio
aeinoaeiaiai neiaenoaa i noaeo iaiaoiaeii aeeth/eoe iiaiaeiieaiiy
iioa?iieiai i?i ciiio caiiaiaeiiai caoiaeo uiaei iniae, yea o?eia?oueny
iiae aa?oith.

I?i iaaeineiiaeinoue inioth/i? ?aaeaiaioaoei? noaeiaiai eiio?ieth a
noaaei? aeinoaeiaiai neiaenoaa iiaeooue naiae/eoe oaei oeiiai iiieeee,
aeyaeaii a ?acoeueoaoi ocaaaeueiaiiy noaeiai? i?aeoeee ii aeaiie
eaoaai?i? ni?aa: a) i?eeiyooy nea?a aiae inia, yei ia iathoue i?aai ia
inea?aeaiiy (6% aiae /enea aea/aieo nea?a); a) ii?ooaiiy no?ieia
?icaeyaeo nea?a (10%); a) ni?iuainoai i?e ?icaeyaei nea?a: ia aaaeaoueny
i?ioieie noaeiaiai caniaeaiiy, o/anieeai i?ioeano ia ?ic’yniththoueny ?o
i?aaa i iaia’ycee oa ii. (3%); a) ia?iaeei noaeaei, aeoiaey/e ca iaaei
aeineiaeaeaiiy iaoa?iaeia ni?aae, aeathoue ioeiieo cia?aiei aeieacai i
aeiyi iaaeioaa/aiiai, aeoiaey/e ic e?eoa?i?a ia caeiiiinoi i
iaa?oioiaaiinoi, a aeioeieueiinoi, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei i?eeiyooy
iai?aaeeueieo ?ioaiue (4%); ae) i?ieo?i?e ia aeiaea?aeothoueny no?ieia
iiaeaiiy iaiaoiaeieo iaoa?iaeia aei noaeo (3%); a) iaiaoiaeii iaoa?iaee
iaaeneeathoueny a noae ia?iaeei ia a iiaoi?iiio ianyci (2,3%); ?) ii
aieueoinoi ni?aa aeaii? eaoaai?i? i?ieo?i?e ooeeythoueny aiae o/anoi a
noaeiaeo caniaeaiiyo (4,3%) oa ii.

Aeena?oaio cacia/a?, ui oaaaeaiiyi i?aaeea i?i iiaenoaeiinoue nea?a ia
naieoeith i?ieo?i?a ia a?aoo noaeii ca iinoeai ciaoiaeaeaiiy o?eiaiiy
iiae aa?oith caaacia/oaaeeny a: a) o/anoue caa?aooiaaiiai o ?icaeyaei
nea?ae; a) ?icaeyae nea?ae o anoaiiaeaii caeiiii no?iee; a) iiaeeeainoue
ia?aaeaa/eoe niaoeiaeicaoeith noaeae oeyoii oaaaeaiiy ooaoii? iaeeieoei
a noaeao.

A ?iaioi iaa?oioiao?oueny iiceoeiy i?i aeioeieueiinoue ?icaeyaeo nea?a
aeaii? eaoaai?i? a cae?eoiio noaeiaiio caniaeaiii. Iiaee?aneth?oueny, ui
oi/a a noaeiaiio caniaeaiii e ia ae?ioothoueny ieoaiiy i?i aeiiinoue i
oeae ?icaeyae i?iaiaeeoueny noaeii, i?ioa aii caeienith?oueny a ?aieao
aeinoaeiaiai neiaenoaa, ui iio?aao? aeiaea?aeaiiy oa?iieoei neiaenoaa,
uia ia aoei caiiaeiyii oeiaee iioa?anai i?aainoaeaey.

E?eoe/iie ioeiioei iiaeaea?oueny i. 3 iinoaiiae Ieaioio Aa?oiaiiai Noaeo
Oe?a?ie aiae 30 aa?aniy 1994 ?. ? 10 «I?i aeayei ieoaiiy, ui aeieeathoue
i?e canoinoaaiii noaeii caeiiiaeaanoaa, yea ia?aaeaa/a? inea?aeaiiy aei
noaeo naieoei? i?ieo?i?a ia a?aoo», ic yeiai aeieeaa?, ui iniae,
cacia/aii a no. 2363 EIE, iathoue i?aai inea?aeeoe naieoeith i?ieo?i?a
ia a?aoo o aoaeue-yeee iiiaio ?icneiaeoaaiiy ni?aae aei iaaeineaiiy ??
i?ieo?i?o c iaaeioaaeueiei aeniiaeii (no. 120 EIE). O ca’yceo c oeei a
?iaioi aiaeico?oueny oaea neooaoeiy: ui ?iaioe ci nea?aith, yeui aiia
iaaeieoea a oio naiee i’yoeaeaiiee no?ie, i?ioyaii yeiai i?ieo?i? aai
eiai canooiiee iiaeiai i?eeiyoe iaeii ic ?ioaiue, ia?aaeaa/aieo no. 229
EIE? Aiaeiiaiaeii aei i. 8 no. 228 EIE i?ieo?i? ciaia’ycaiee ia?aai?eoe,
/e i?aaeeueii ia?aiee caiiaiaeiee caoiae, a ia iiaenoaai /. 2 no. 229
EIE i?ieo?i? ia? i?aai ciiieoe caiiaiaeiee caoiae. E?ii oiai, caiaeii c
i. 7 no. 242 EIE noaeaey iaeiiiniaiai aai noae a ?icii?yae/iio
caniaeaiii i?e aiaeaeaii iaaeioaa/aiiai aei noaeo ciaia’ycaiee
c’ynoaaoe, /e i?aaeeueii ia?aiee caiiaiaeiee caoiae uiaei
iaaeioaa/aiiai. Ioaea, yeui i?ieo?i? aiaeoeeea nea?ao i caoaa?aeea
iaaeioaaeueiee aeniiaie, oi iinoaaeaia ieoaiiy a aoaeue-yeiio aeiaaeeo
?icaeyaeaoeiaoueny noaeaeath i?e aiaeaeaiii iaaeioaa/aiiai aei noaeo. I
eeoa oiaei, eiee i?ieo?i? iiaa?oa? ni?aao i?aaio aeiciaiiy aai neiae/iio
ci nai?ie ienueiiaeie aeaciaeaie aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aeiaeaoeiaiai
?icneiaeoaaiiy (i. 2 no. 229 EIE), inoaiiie ciaia’ycaiee iaaaeii
iaaeineaoe ni?aao aei noaeo aeey ia?aai?ee caeiiiinoi i iaa?oioiaaiinoi
a?aooo, yeui nai i?ieo?i? ia ciaeoia iiaeeeainoi ciiieoe caiiaiaeiee
caoiae.

O aeena?oaoei? aeieeaaeii ?icaeyiooi aeiiae, ye noaaeyoueny aei ?ioaiue
i?aaiia ?icneiaeoaaiiy ye ia’?eoa noaeiai? ia?aai?ee, yeeie, ca aeoieith
aeena?oaioa, ? caeiiiinoue, iaa?oioiaaiinoue, aiioeaiaaiinoue,
nai?/aniinoue, i?aaeeueiinoue, aecia/aiinoue, a?aiioiinoue, eiai/iinoue,
eoeueoo?a ioi?ieaiiy. ?o noeoiiinoue a ocaaaeueiaiiio aeaeyaei
i?iyaey?oueny o ciinoi caeiiiinoi i iaa?oioiaaiinoi. I?ioa aeena?oaio ia
iiaiinoth iiaeiey? iioe?aio aeoieo i?i oa, ui aiioeaiaaiinoue ? iaeiei
ic aeaiaioia iaa?oioiaaiinoi. Iaaioue a aoeiieiai/iiio, a ia oieueee a
th?eaee/iiio cia/aiii cacia/aii iiiyooy caiaathoueny ia iiaiinoth. sseui
iiaenoaae ? oaeoe/iith aacith, aeoiaey/e c yei? i?eeiathoueny ?ioaiiy,
oi iioeae — oea niiioeaeueii i?e/eie aiaeiiaiaeiiai ?ioaiiy. Iaaooue,
oiio caeiiiaeaaaoeue o aeayeeo aeiaaeeao i?yii ?icaeiey? ?icaeyaeoaaii
iiiyooy. Oae, aiaeiiaiaeii aei no. 106 EIE i?ioieie cao?eiaiiy iniae ca
iiaeic?ith o a/eiaiii cei/eio iiaeiai iinoeoe, e?ii iiaenoaa, oaeiae
iineeaiiy ia iioeae cao?eiaiiy. I?e/iio ooo yaii iathoueny ia oaaci naia
oaeoe/ii aeaii, eio?i aeacothoue ye ia ianoaaeie, ui iiaeooue neoaoaaoe
caeiiieie iiaenoaaaie cao?eiaiiy iniae, oae i ia iayaiinoue
niiioeaeueieo iioeaia ?? cao?eiaiiy, oiaoi iiaeeeainoue noiaaoeny,
ia?aoeiaeeoe anoaiiaeaiith inoeie oiui. Naia oea aeicaiey? aeacoaaoe ia
aca?iica’ycaiinoue iiiyoue iaa?oioiaaiinoi i aiioeaiaaiinoi uiaei
i?ioeanoaeueiiai ?ioaiiy.

A ?iaioi inieneththoueny nooiinoue, oi?ia oa ciino i?ioeanoaeueieo
aeoia, ui i?eeiathoueny iiney caeii/aiiy ?icaeyaeo nea?ae noaeaeath.
Caa?oa?oueny oaaaa, ui oa?aeoa?ieie aeey aeaiiai aeaeo ?ioaiue ? oa, ui
noae ia? i?aai o nai?io ?ioaiii eiinoaooaaoe oieueee i?aaiii?iinoue aai
iai?aaiii?iinoue ia?aiiy oaeiai caiiaiaeiiai caoiaeo, ye o?eiaiiy iiae
aa?oith.

Aiaecia/a?oueny, ui iinoaiiaa noaeaei, yea aeiineoueny iiney caeii/aiiy
?icaeyaeo nea?ae, iiaeiia aeeth/aoe aei naaa: 1) iiaenoaae canoinoaaiiy
caiiaiaeieo caoiaeia i ia?aiiy ye caiiaiaeiiai caoiaeo o?eiaiiy iiae
aa?oith, ic iayaiinoi yeeo aeoiaeea neiae/ee, i?aai aeiciaiiy /e
i?ieo?i?; 2) nooiinoue i aeiaiaee nea?ae, a oaeiae iiyniaiiy o/anieeia
i?ioeano, yeui aeiaiaee nea?ae aeiiiaiththoueny aai aeaeiciiiththoueny
ieie; 3) aiioeaiaaiee aiaeic aeiaiaeia nea?ae i aiaeiiaiaeiinoue aai
iaaiaeiiaiaeiinoue ?o iaoa?iaeai nea?ae; 4) ?ioaiiy noaeaei ca nea?aith.

?icaeie o?aoie «Noaeiaee ?icaeyae nea?a ia iinoaiiae i?ieo?i?a,
neiae/iai, i?aaio aeiciaiiy» neeaaea?oueny c aeaio iiae?icaeieia, a yeeo
?icaeyaeathoueny oaei nii?ii ieoaiiy iiaenoaa inea?aeaiiy iinoaiia i?i
aiaeiiao a ii?ooaiii e?eiiiaeueii? ni?aae i i?i cae?eooy e?eiiiaeueii?
ni?aae; i?aaiaee noaoon inia, yei aa?ooue o/anoue a noaeiaiio ?icaeyaei
ii ni?aaao aeaii? eaoaai?i?; i?aaeiao i iaaei inea?aeaiiy; aeaee
i?ioeanoaeueieo ?ioaiue, yei i?eeiathoueny noaeii iiney caeii/aiiy
?icaeyaeo nea?a, a oaeiae ieoaiiy aaeineiiaeaiiy
e?eiiiaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueii? i?ioeaaeo?e ?icaeyaeo nea?a ia iinoaiiae
i?i aiaeiiao a ii?ooaiii e?eiiiaeueii? ni?aae i i?i cae?eooy
e?eiiiaeueii? ni?aae.

Iaa?oioiaothoueny iieiaeaiiy i?i oa, ui ia?aaeaa/aiee a EIE ii?yaeie
inea?aeaiiy iinoaiiae i?aaio aeiciaiiy, neiae/iai, i?ieo?i?a i?i
aiaeiiao a ii?ooaiii e?eiiiaeueii? ni?aae ? iaaeineiiaeei. Iai?eeeaae, a
caeiii ia eiie?aoeciaaii eiei inia, yei iathoue i?aai ia inea?aeaiiy.
?icaeyaeath/e oei ieoaiiy, aeena?oaio aeioiaeeoue aeniiaeo, ui nea?aa ia
iinoaiiae i?i aiaeiiao a ii?ooaiii e?eiiiaeueii? ni?aae i i?i cae?eooy
e?eiiiaeueii? ni?aae iiaea aooe iiaeaia iniaaie, aiae yeeo iaaeieoea
cayaa /e iiaiaeiieaiiy i?i a/eiaiee cei/ei (ooo iathoueny ia oaaci ye
oice/ii, oae i th?eaee/ii iniae), a oaeiae iniaaie, uiaei yeeo noaaeeiny
ieoaiiy i?i i?eoyaiaiiy ?o aei aiaeiiaiaeaeueiinoi.

Aeena?oaio aaaaea? ca aeioeieueia nei?ioeoe no?ie ?icaeyaeo a noaeao
nea?a, yei iaaeoiaeyoue aiae a?iiaaeyi i th?eaee/ieo inia, ia ?ioaiiy
i?ieo?i?a, neiae/iai, i?aaio aeiciaiiy.

Caeiaoaa/ i?e?aeio?oueny aei i?iiiceoei? aaoi?ia i?iaeoo iiaiai EIE
Oe?a?ie uiaei iaiaoiaeiinoi iicaaaeoe noaeaeth i?aaa ia ii?ooaiiy nea?ae
ia iinoaiiao i?i aiaeiiao a ii?ooaiii e?eiiiaeueii? ni?aae. Oae,
noaeaey, caaeiaieueieaoe nea?ao ia iinoaiiao i?i aiaeiiao a ii?ooaiii
e?eiiiaeueii? ni?aae, neaniao? iinoaiiao i iiaa?oa? iaoa?iaee aeey
i?iaaaeaiiy aeiaeaoeiai? ia?aai?ee, ineieueee iiaiiaaaeaiiy ia ii?ooaiiy
e?eiiiaeueii? ni?aae noaeiaie aeaaei ia i?eoaiaiii.

Aeena?oaio aaaea?, ui iaia? iaiaoiaeiinoi iaaeaaaoe noaeai i?aai i?e
caeieniaiii noaeiai-eiio?ieueieo aeie ia iaiaaeoaaoeny ia?aai?eith
ie?aieo i?ioeanoaeueieo iiiaioia, a aeneiaethaaoe naith aeoieo uiaei
oaeoe/ii? noi?iie ni?aae, eiee noae aeieaea aeniiaeo, ui i?aaiii
iiia?aaeiueiai ?icneiaeoaaiiy i?eeiyoi yaii iiieeeiaa ?ioaiiy, aai eiee
naia oeae aniaeo iiaeaea?oueny noiiiao a nea?ci caoeieaaeaii? iniae,
oiaoi iaaeaaaoe noaeo a ?aieao eiio?ieth a noaaei? aeinoaeiaiai
neiaenoaa i?aai neaniaoaaoe aoaeue-yea iacaeiiia ?ioaiiy i?aaio
aeiciaiiy, neiae/iai aai i?ieo?i?a. Iaaeieaiiy noaeo iiaeiaieie
iiaiiaaaeaiiyie noia?a/eei a caaaeueiei i?eioeeiai e?eiiiaeueiiai
i?ioeano i iaoyaeoaaei a noaiiaeua iniae, uiaei yei? cae?eoi
e?eiiiaeueio ni?aao.

O aeniiaeao ?iaioe noi?ioeueiaaii i?iiiceoei? aeena?oaioa uiaei
aaeineiiaeaiiy ii?i /eiiiai EIE i eiino?othaaiiy ii?i iiaiai EIE
Oe?a?ie, yei noinothoueny iinoeoooo noaeiai? ia?aai?ee caeiiiinoi i
iaa?oioiaaiinoi ?ioaiue i?aaiia aeinoaeiaiai neiaenoaa, cie?aia,
i?eioneathoue: ciiio no?ieia inea?aeaiiy i naiiai ?icaeyaeo nea?a a
ii?yaeeo no.no. 2361-2366 EIE; iiaeeeainoue ?icaeyaeo cacia/aieo nea?a a
noaeao ca iinoeai ciaoiaeaeaiiy iino o?eiaiiy iiae aa?oith; ?icoe?aiiy
eiea noa’?eoia inea?aeaiiy ca ?aooiie aeeth/aiiy aei ?o /enea inia,
uiaei yeeo caiiaiaeiee caoiae ia?aiee, aea ua ia aeeiiaiee;
?aaeaiaioaoeith ii?yaeeo iaea?aeaiiy aeicaieo noaeo ia a?aoo, a oaeiae
iaea?aeaiiy naieoei? ia canoinoaaiiy caiiaiaeiiai caoiaeo o aeaeyaei
o?eiaiiy iiae aa?oith oa ii.

Ca oaiith aeena?oaoei? aaoi?ii iioaeieiaaii oaei ?iaioe:

1. Ooiaiyioe A. ?. Nii?iua aii?inu i?ioeannoaeueiuo i?ioeaaeo?
noaeaaiiai eiio?iey ca i?aaiia?iinoueth ?aoaiee i?aaiia
i?aaeaa?eoaeueiiai ?anneaaeiaaiey // I?iaeaiu ?acaeoey th?eaee/aneie
iaoee e i?aeoeee a oneiaeyo oi?ie?iaaiey i?aaiaie nenoaiu Oe?aeiu: Na.
iao/iuo o?oaeia. -Oa?ueeia: Iaoe. th?eae. aeaaeaiey Oe?aeiu, 1996. -N.
129-135.

2. Ooiaiyioe A. ?. Eiio?ieueii ooieoei? noaeo o e?eiiiaeueiiio
noaei/einoai // Ainiee Aeaaeaii? i?aaiaeo iaoe Oe?a?ie. -Oa?eia, 1997.
-? 3 (10). -N. 139-143.

3. Ooiaiyioe A. ?. I?ioeannoaeueiia iieiaeaiea eeoe, i?eieiathueo
o/anoea a noaeaaiii ?acae?aoaeuenoaa, i?iaiaeeiii a ii?yaeea no. 2361-6
OIE Oe?aeiu // I?iaeaiu niaa?oainoaiaaiey oe?aeineiai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa
e iiauoaiea yooaeoeaiinoe i?aaii?eiaieoaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe: Na.
iao/iuo o?oaeia. -Oa?ueeia: Iaoe. th?eae. aeaaeaiey Oe?aeiu, 1997. -N.
179-184.

4. Ooiaiyioe A. ?. I?ioeannoaeueiua aii?inu noaeaaiiai eiio?iey
caeiiiinoe i?eiaiaiey caeeth/aiey iiae no?aaeo // Caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai
Oe?aeiu: ninoiyiea, i?iaeaiu, ia?niaeoeau: E?aoeea oacenu aeieeaaeia e
iao/iuo niiauaiee iaae?aaeiiaeueiie iao/iie eiioa?aioeee iieiaeuo o/aiuo
e nieneaoaeae. -Oa?ueeia: Oe?. ain. th?eae. aeaaeaiey, 1994. -N.
103-104.

5. Ooiaiyioe A. ?. I?iaeaiu noaeaaiiai eiio?iey ca caeiiiinoueth e
iainiiaaiiinoueth aea/e naieoeee ia a?ano // Aeooaeueiua i?iaeaiu
noaiiaeaiey ainoaea?noaaiiinoe a Oe?aeia: E?aoeea oacenu aeieeaaeia e
iao/iuo niiauaiee iaae?aaeiiaeueiie iao/iie eiioa?aioeee iieiaeuo o/aiuo
e nieneaoaeae. -Oa?ueeia: Oe?. ain. th?eae. aeaaeaiey, 1995. -N. 43-44.

6. Ooiaiyioe A. ?. Eiio?ieueiua ooieoeee noaea a oaieiaiii
noaeii?iecaiaenoaa // Noaiiaeaiea i?aaiai? nenoaie aeaiie?aoe/ii?
Oe?a?ie oa th?eaee/ia iaoea: Ei?ioei oace aeiiiaiaeae oa iaoeiaeo
iiaiaeiieaiue iiae?aaiiiaeueii? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioei? a/aieo oa
caeiaoaa/ia. -Oa?eia: Iaoe. th?eae. aeaaeaiey Oe?aeiu, 1998. -N. 45-46.

Ooiaiyioe A. ?. Noaeiaee eiio?ieue ca caeiiiinoth i iaa?oioiaaiinoth
i?ioeanoaeueieo ?ioaiue i?aaiia aeinoaeiaiai neiaenoaa. -?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoeiy ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/ieo iaoe
ca niaoeiaeueiinoth 12.00.09 — e?eiiiaeueiee i?ioean oa e?eiiiaeinoeea;
noaeiaa aenia?oeca. Iaoeiiiaeueia th?eaee/ia aeaaeaiiy Oe?a?ie iiaii
ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai. Oa?eia, 1998.

O aeena?oaoei? aecia/aia noeoiiinoue iaeaieueo cia/oueo oai?aoe/ieo
iieiaeaiue, yei aiaeia?aaeathoue no/aniee noai iinoeoooo ia?aai?ee
noaeii caeiiiinoi i iaa?oioiaaiinoi i?ioeanoaeueieo ?ioaiue i?aaiia
aeinoaeiaiai neiaenoaa, i ?ic?iaeaii i?aeoe/ii ?aeiiaiaeaoei? uiaei eiai
aaeineiiaeaiiy a oiiaao oi?ioaaiiy i?aaiai? aea?aeaae. Aecia/aii
nooiinoue eiio?ieueii? aeiyeueiinoi noaeo ye ooieoei? noaeiai? aeaaee,
iinoea noaeiaiai eiio?ieth a nenoaii i?ioeanoaeueieo aa?aioie caoenoo
i?aa i caeiiieo iioa?ania iniae a naioei Eiinoeoooei? Oe?a?ie, yea
iinoeoue ieceo iiaeo, i?eioeeiiaeo iieiaeaiue, a oaeiae
iiaeia?iaeii-i?aaiaeo aeieoiaioia a aaeoci i?aa ethaeeie. ?ic?iaeaii
eiioeaioei? noaeiaiai eiio?ieth ia aeinoaeiaeo noaaeiyo e?eiiiaeueiiai
noaei/einoaa; aecia/aii i?aaeiao noaeiaiai eiio?ieth, eiei noa’?eoia,
yei iathoue i?aai ia inea?aeaiiy, ?o i?aaiaee noaoon, a oaeiae ianya i
iaaei noaeiaiai eiio?ieth a noaaei? aeinoaeiaiai neiaenoaa;
eeaneoieiaaii aeaee i oi?ie noaeiaiai eiio?ieth caeaaeii aiae i?aaeiaoa
inea?aeaiiy, ?icaeyiooa i?ioeaaeo?a eiai caeieniaiiy, iieacaii ??
aeinoi?inoaa oa iaaeieiee.

Noi?ioeueiaaii i?iiiceoei?, ni?yiiaaii ia aaeineiiaeaiiy
e?eiiiaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa, yea ?aaoeth? eiio?ieueio
aeiyeueiinoue noaeo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: noaeiaee eiio?ieue, inea?aeaiiy, i?ioeaaeo?a, noaeiaa
aeaaea, ia?aai?ea.

Ooiaiyioe A. ?. Noaeaaiue eiio?ieue ca caeiiiinoueth e iainiiaaiiinoueth
i?ioeannoaeueiuo ?aoaiee i?aaiia aeinoaeaaiiai neaaenoaey. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 12.00.09 — oaieiaiue i?ioeann e e?eieiaeenoeea;
noaeaaiay yenia?oeca. Iaoeeiiaeueiay th?eaee/aneay aeaaeaiey Oe?aeiu
eiaie ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai. Oa?ueeia, 1998.

A aeenna?oaoeee ii?aaeaeaia niaieoiiinoue iaeaieaa cia/eiuo
oai?aoe/aneeo iieiaeaiee, io?aaeathueo nia?aiaiiia ninoiyiea einoeoooa
i?iaa?ee noaeii caeiiiinoe e iainiiaaiiinoe i?ioeannoaeueiuo ?aoaiee
i?aaiia aeinoaeaaiiai neaaenoaey, e ?ac?aaioaiu i?aeoe/aneea
?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii aai niaa?oainoaiaaieth a oneiaeyo oi?ie?iaaiey
i?aaiaiai ainoaea?noaa.

Ii?aaeaeaiu nouiinoue eiio?ieueiie aeayoaeueiinoe noaea eae ooieoeee
noaeaaiie aeanoe, ianoi noaeaaiiai eiio?iey a nenoaia i?ioeannoaeueiuo
aa?aioee caueou i?aa e caeiiiuo eioa?ania ee/iinoe a naaoa Eiinoeoooeee
Oe?aeiu, niaea?aeauae ?yae iiauo, i?eioeeieaeueiuo iieiaeaiee, a oaeaea
iaaeaeoia?iaeii-i?aaiauo aeieoiaioia a iaeanoe i?aa /aeiaaea.
?ac?aaioaiu iniiau eiioeaioeee noaeaaiiai eiio?iey ia aeinoaeaaiuo
noaaeeyo oaieiaiiai noaeii?iecaiaenoaa; ii?aaeaeaiu i?aaeiao noaeaaiiai
eiio?iey, e?oa noauaeoia, eiathueo i?aai ia iaaeaeiaaiea, eo i?aaiaie
noaoon, a oaeaea iauai e i?aaeaeu noaeaaiiai eiio?iey a noaaeee
aeinoaeaaiiai neaaenoaey; eeanneoeoee?iaaiu aeaeu e oi?iu noaeaaiiai
eiio?iey a caaeneiinoe io i?aaeiaoa iaaeaeiaaiey, ?anniio?aia
i?ioeaaeo?a aai inouanoaeaiey, iieacaiu aa aeinoieinoaa e iaaeinoaoee.

Noi?ioee?iaaiu i?aaeeiaeaiey, iai?aaeaiiua ia niaa?oainoaiaaiea
oaieiaii-i?ioeannoaeueiiai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa, ?aaoee?othuaai
eiio?ieueioth aeayoaeueiinoue noaea.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: noaeaaiue eiio?ieue, iaaeaeiaaiea, i?ioeaaeo?a,
noaeaaiay aeanoue, i?iaa?ea.

Tumanyants A. R. Legal control for legality and groundness of
prejudicial inquiry bodies process decisions. A manuscript.

The thesis for a candidate’s of law degree, speciality 12.00.09 —
criminal procedure and criminalistics: legal expertise. National law
academy of Ukraine named after Yaroslav the wise Mudry, Kharkiv, 1998.

The author defines the combination of the most important theoretical
issues, which reflect the modern condition of the institute of
inspection of legality and grounds for procedure decisions of pre-court
investigation by the court, and develops practical reccomendations as
far improvement of it in conditions of formation of law-governed state.

The essence of court legal control activities as function of judicial
power, the plage of legal control in the system of process guarantees of
right defence and legal interests of a person from the point of view of
Ukrainian Constitution, which contains a number of new, principal thesis
have been defined, as well as from the point of view of international
documents in the field of human rights. Basic concepts of legal control
at the prejudicial stage of criminal legal. Procedure have been worked
out; the subject of legal control, circle of individuals with the right
to appeal and their legal status have been defined, as well as volume
and limits of legal control at the prejudicial stage of inquiry;
different forms of legal control, depending on the subject of appeal
have been classified and the procedure of its accomplishment has been
examined with its advantages and disadvantages.

Several propositions, aimed at the improvement of criminal legislation,
which regulates court control activity, have been formulated.

The key words: legal control, appeal, procedure, judicial power,
inspection.

A?aeiia?aeaeueiee ca aeione

eaiaeeaeao th?eaee/ieo iaoe,

aeioeaio A. I. Oioaiaoeue

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 12.11.98. Oi?iao 60o90/16. Iai?? ionaoiee.

A?aeae?oeiaaii ia ?ecia?ao?. Oi.-ae?oe. a?e. 0,6. Iae.-aeae. a?e. 1.

Oe?aae 100 i?ei. Cai ?425.

Ae?oea?iy Iaoe?iiaeueii? th?eaee/ii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie

?iai? ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai

310024, i. Oa?e?a, aoe. Iooe?inueea, 77

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